Ruth Hernandez

HLTH 1100-002
How to Detect and Prevent Bullying
Lesson Plan Part 1
The topic that I will be teaching to my fourth grade class in this lesson plan is “How To
Detect and Prevent Bullying”. The reason this topic is important is because children have the
right to experience a safer environment in our schools and communities in general.
Being able to detect and stop bullying acts before they escalate is very important in order
to create a safer and happier environment for our students. Whether they are in a school setting
or anywhere else in the community.
It is also important to teach children how to identify bullying as well as how to deal with
it when it occurs. The student needs to know how to report bullying without being afraid of
retaliation.
The first step is to teach children what bullying means; according to stopbulling.gov,
bullying is any behavior that is aggressive or unwanted and that involves a real or perceived
power imbalance among school-aged children.
The next step is to identify the different types of bullying. According to this same website
they are 3 different types of bullying:

Verbal Bullying. This includes: teasing, name-calling, inappropriate sexual

comments, taunting, and threatening to cause harm.
Social or Relational Bullying. This includes, leaving someone out on purpose,
telling other children not to be friends with someone, spreading rumors, and
embarrassing someone in public.

Physical Bullying. This includes: hitting/kicking/pinching, spitting,
tripping/pushing, taking or breaking someone’s things, and making mean or rude
hand gestures.

Statistics found on the American Society for the Positive Care of Children website,
(americanspcc.org) state that 1 in 3 U.S. students report that they have been bullied in school.
According to the same website a survey administered on 39 U.S. states shows that 7.2% of
students admit to skipping school due to concerns about personal safety. And even a bigger
number attend school “in a chronic way of anxiety or depression”. 70.6% of young people report
that they have seen bullying at their schools, according to the same website.
According to the American Psychological Association’s website (apa.org) the best way to
prevent bullying is to involve students and parents as part of the solution. They advise to ask
students to keep adults informed about what is really going on. They also need to inform adults
about any new technologies kids may be using to bully. They suggest that positive behavior and
skills can be taught by parents, teachers, and school administrators; that way the student would
know the proper way to intervene when bullying occurs.
As we can see, judging by the statistics, schools are the place where bullying is
experienced the most. Therefore the goal of this lesson plan is to reduce or even prevent any
more bullying from happening. By doing this we will be promoting a safer learning environment
for our children.
Lesson Plan Part II
Goal: The main goal of this lesson plan is to instruct fourth graders how to identify and
positively react during a bullying situation, in order to stop the condition from escalating
and becoming a serious threat to their safety.

TEKS 115.6 Health Education, Grade 4 (12) (A) Describe the characteristic of a bully;
Objective 1: The first thing students will learn, at the beginning of the lesson, is how to
identify a bully. They will recall, with the help of a PowerPoint presentation, that a bully
is anyone displaying aggressive or unwelcomed behavior that involves a real or
perceived power imbalance among children.
TEKS (12) (B) Demonstrate appropriate ways to deal with disrespectful behavior;
Objective 2: At the end of the lesson, students will demonstrate their new obtained
knowledge on how to handle a disrespectful situation. They will participate in a skit
dramatizing a difficult situation where bullying is involved, and represent positive ways
to manage the situation.
TEKS (12) (C) Explain the difference between assertive behavior and aggressive
behavior;
Objective 3: By the end of the class students should be able to identify the three rolls
involved in a bullying situation: the victim, the attacker, and the bystander. They will
recall that the attacker is the one using aggressive behavior and speculate possible
ways on how assertive behavior, from the victim or bystanders, may have a positive
impact in the situation.
TEKS (12) (D) Describe the negative impact bullying has on both the victim and the
bully: and
TEKS (12) (E) Demonstrate consideration when interacting with individuals who
communicate in unique ways such as someone who had a speech impediment,
someone who does not speak English, or someone who has an exceptionally high
vocabulary.

Lesson Plan Part III
Our Fourth Grade Classroom will be set up in a “U” shape leaving enough space
in the center to do our skit at the end of the lesson. There will be 25 students in the
classroom. There will be two rows of 10 chairs at each side, and one row of 5 chairs in
the middle. Teacher’s desk and projector screen will be set up at front.

The class time will be first thing in the morning. I want students to start their day
with a positive lesson that could potentially lead the course of their day.
I am getting my ESL certification, therefore my class will include a diverse
population of students that may not speak nor understand English correctly. I will lecture

on both English and Spanish and will make sure to use a wide variety of visual images,
such as PowerPoint presentations, videos, etc. as part of the lecture.
Our classroom is located next to the playground. Occasionally I will point to the
playground when trying to reinforce a thought, as this is the place where students have
the most time to socialize and where bullying situations may become more feasible. I
will keep the temperature in the classroom in the mid 70’s. In order to have a
comfortable environment where children can relax and not be too cold or too hot.
Our culminating activity will be a skit that will be short yet powerful enough to
reinforce and practice what we learned in class today. I will divide the class in groups
and each group will have the opportunity to participate in the skit. Our English Language
Learner students will have the choice to use their native language when participating in
the skit; this will make the lesson more interesting and enjoyable. This is a video of the
skit we will be acting out at the end of the class.
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=4gPOd_UsFGo
As I mentioned before, bullying is a serious issue that the majority of schools in
the United States have to deal with in a daily basis. Educating our children is the best
strategy we can use when fighting against this phenomenon. All students have the right
to have a safe and enjoyable learning environment.

References:
Guerilla Educators. (2014). Best practices; Bully skit at East Norriton middle school. Retrieved
from https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=4gPOd_UsFGo.
Prevent Bullying: Prevention at School. (n.d.) Retrieved September 16, 2014,
from http://www.stopbullying.gov/prevention/at-school/index.html
Schools and Bullying. (2013). Retrieved September 16, 2014, from americanspcc.org
Swearer, S., (2010). Bullying: What parents, teachers can do to stop it. American Psychological
Association. Retrieved from http://apa.org/news/press/releases/2010/04/bullying.aspx
U-shape classroom set-up. (2014). Image retrieved from www.sparkspace.com/the-loft/setups