Disaster Management

BY P.VARUN KUMAR

What is a DISASTER
‡ A disaster is a natural or manmade event which results in widespread human loss, loss of livelihood, property and life.

Components of Disaster Management
1. 2. 3. 4. Preparedness Response Recovery Prevention

Disaster Preparedness
‡ It involves measures to ensure that communities and services are capable of coping with the effect of disaster.

EXAMPLE FOR DISASTER PREPAREDNESS
1. Community awareness and education 2. Proper warning system 3. Mutual aid arrangement 4. Mock drill, training practice

Disaster Response
It involves measures taken in anticipation of, during and immediately after a disaster to ensure that the effects are minimized.

EXAMPLE FOR DISASTER RESPONSE
1. Implementing the disaster management plan 2. Setting up medical camps and mobilizing resources 3. Providing adequate shelter and sanitary facilities 4. Development of search and rescue team

Disaster Recovery
It involves measures, which support emergency affected areas in reconstruction of the physical infrastructure and restoration of economic and emotional well being.

EXAMPLE FOR DISASTER RECOVERY
1. Counseling programme for those who lost the near ones 2. Restoring services like roads, communication link 3. Providing financial support employment 4. Reconstructing damaged buildings

Prevention and Mitigation
‡ It involves measures to eliminate or reduce the incidence of severity of disasters.

EXAMPLE FOR PREVENTION AND MITIGATION
1. Preventing habitation in risk zones 2. Disaster resistant buildings

PRINCIPLES OF DISASTER MANAGEMENT
Minimize casualties Prevent further casualties Rescue the victims First aid Evacuate Medical care Reconstruction

THANK YOU

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