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Maywood Ave CSO Volume Reduction

with Green Infrastructure


2010 Ohio Stormwater Conference
June 10, 2010
Technical Session T1D
Patekka Bannister, City of Toledo
Dan Christian, PE, Tetra Tech
Katie Swartz, American Rivers
Jennifer Zielinski, Biohabitats

Project Partners
City of Toledo, Department of Utilities, Division of
Environmental Services
Tetra Tech
Biohabitats
American Rivers
Northwest Consultants, Inc.

Agenda

Background
Planning
Design
Construction
Monitoring
Future Plans
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Project Goals

Reduce stormwater runoff entering the CSO


Improve water quality using green infrastructure
Quantify CSO volume reduction
Quantify cost per gallon
Quantify future CSO reduction planning efforts
Compare green verse grey costs
Community Involvement
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Funding Source

Approached various government agencies


Project Encouraged Green Infrastructure for Ohio 319

100% principle forgiveness subsidy


Water Pollution Control Loan Fund (WPCLF) Green Reserve
(20% Set Aside)
American Recovery and Reinvestment Act (ARRA) Stimulus
Funds
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Schedule

August 2007 Work Plan for Funding Opportunities


March 2009 WPCLF-ARRA Application
April 2009 WPCLF ARRA Intended Use Plan
Early July 2009 Verbal Award Notification
Late August 2009 Written Notification
September 2009 RFP
October 2009 Proposal
November 2009 Award and Design
December 2009 Public Meeting and Bid Letting
Spring/summer 2010 Construction
2010 Monitoring and Assessment

Location

Location

Maywood Avenue

Ashwood Avenue

Stickney Avenue

Mulberry Street

Russell Street

Location

Demographics
Single family residential
Median home income $25,384
(average income in Toledo
$32,546)
1/12 acre lots (30 by 120-ft)
66 lots (46 with houses)
25% Homeowners*
*Based on Lucas County Auditor AREIS Information

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Site Characteristics
Some healthy mature trees

50-ft ROW
5-ft

8-ft

24-ft

8-ft

5-ft

On street parking allowed


on south side only
Curb and gutter
1,300 ft long street
Approximate dimensions, some
variation along project site

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Some dirt/gravel driveway and alleys


Some driveways off Maywood
others accessed from alley
behind the houses

Oil stained pavement

Community Garden

Roof drains discharge on lawns


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Project Planning

Reduce stormwater runoff entering the CSO


What does that really mean?
Reduce by how much?
Whats the design criteria?
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Current Grey Plan

Tributary to a combined sewer and tunnel system


Swan North Tunnel, planned expansion
1.6 mgal
$21.6M ($13.50/gal)

Equivalent surface storage


0.04-inches (1.6 mgal / 1,508 acres)
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Concept Planning
Description

Sidewalk Storage Volume

Approximate
Length

Equivalent
Runoff 2

Bioswale, Small 8-Foot 1

Existing

7.8 cf/lf

60% of Road,
760 Feet

0.14 Inch

Bioswale, Small 8- Foot 1

Pervious

13.8 cf/lf

60% of Road,
760 Feet

0.25 Inch

Bioswale, Medium 13- Foot 1

None

20.5 cf/lf

60% of Road,
760 Feet

0.37 Inch

Bioswale, Large 13- Foot 1

None

21.8 cf/lf

60% of Road,
760 Feet

0.40 Inch

28.8 cf/lf

100% of Road, 0.88 Inch


1270 Feet

Pervious Roadway, 3-Foot Underground


Storage
Treebox, Sized for 16-Inch Tree
(1,000 cf of Soil)

250 cf per box

(1) Bioswale calculations are shown for one side of the road only
(2) Equivalent runoff based on 11.5-ac drainage area

0.006 Inch/Box
17 Boxes = 0.1 Inch
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Green vs Grey Storage


Dispersed
Green
Infrastruc
ture

Collection
System

CB

4.00

Rainfall Depth (in)

WWTP

DEWATER

Tunnel
Storage

3.50

SCS Type II Distribution

3.00

INTERCEPTOR

OVERFLOW

Land

OVERFLOW

River

(GREY)

2.50

2.00

1.50

NPDES MS4 first 1-inch

1.00

Typical rainfall
portion causing
CSO

0.50

0.00
0.0

2.0

4.0

6.0

8.0

10.0

12.0

14.0

16.0

18.0

20.0

22.0

24.0

Time (hrs)

CSO
NPDES MS4
0-inches

Rainfall Event total

Probably Maximum

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Green vs Grey Storage

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Green vs Grey Storage


Green
Infrastructure
Storage and
Infiltration

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Design

Bioswales
Curb cuts
Underdrained

Pervious Concrete Pavement


Sidewalks
Driveway apron
Alley apron
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Design
Bioswale cells typ.

Porous pavement sidewalks


Reclaimed limestone sidewalk pavers

Chip and seal dirt alleys

New curb and gutter with curb cuts at bioswales

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Details

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Plants and Soil


City Forester tree
assessment
Trees (2.5 caliper, 30-ft
spacing)

Planting Soil Mixture


50% sand
30% topsoil (<5% clay)
20% leaf compost

Honeylocust
Black Cherry
Shingle Oak

Ground Cover
Buffalo Grass
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Kentucky Blue Grass


(Poa pratensis)

Buffalo Grass
(Buchloe dactyloides)

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Residential rain gardens and rain barrels

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WPCLF Program Documents


Water Pollution Control Loan Fund
(WPCLF) Construction Application
Environmental Covenant
Inspection and Maintenance
Agreement For Storm Water
Controls
WPCLF/WSRLA Contract
Documents Review
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Goal

Community Involvement

full cooperation from the property


owners
Connect people in urban areas to their
water resources
Teach them to be better stewards
Promote environmental education and
awareness

Methodology

City official presentations


Project factsheets and other literature
Website www.raingardeninitiative.org
Public Meetings
Coordinate with Toledo Grows Green
Jobs Corps

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O&M Plan
Maintenance

Grass cutting
Street trees
Vacuum porous concrete
Rain garden (plants and mulch)

Project Deliverables
Homeowner maintenance manual
Homeowner trainings
Project walk through

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Construction Bids
3 bids received (December 2009)
Total base bid
~$500k total project (swales, sidewalks, driveway
approaches, curb and gutter, plantings, etc.)
~$278k green infrastructure

Highlights
Bioswales ~ $150/lf
Pervious concrete sidewalk 6-inch ~ $5/sf
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Construction Schedule
5 month estimated schedule
Construction delayed for utility
relocation of water taps and
gas lines.

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Monitoring Plan
2 flow meters
Downstream (east) end of Maywood Ave
Surrogate monitor on adjacent street (Russell St)
Planned 6-month monitoring period

City rain gauge network

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Future Plans
Quantify change in flow (peak and volume)
Model system (calibrated to monitoring data)
Relate

BMP type
Amount of BMPs
Change in flow
Cost

Extrapolate results to larger CSO system


Simplified approach
More detailed model approach
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Summary
19-23 cf/lf storage in swale/sidewalk combination
0.58-in storage (of runoff, not rainfall)
Not Including:
Abstractions
Infiltration
Evapotranspiration
Discharge through underdrains

$1.50/gallon stored
New infrastructure (swales, sidewalks and approaches)

Low Maintenance (mostly mowing grass)

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Questions

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