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ʭʬʫʻʸʰ ˂ʵʫʴʨ ʱʭʲʬʭʨ ˃ʰʬʩʰʹ ʹʨʱʰʯˆʰ ʨʸ ʨʸʰʹ.

ˁʭʬʴʰ ʱʭʲʬʭʰʯʰ ʹʨʽʳʰʨʴʵʩʨ
ʨʸʨʹʸʻʲʿʵʼʰʲʰʨ, ʭʰʴʨʰʫʨʴ ʳʨʹ ʨʸʨʹʸʻʲʿʵʼʰʲʰ ʪʸ˃ʴʵʩʬʩʰʯ ʭʨ˄ʨʸʳʵʬʩʯ. ˁʭʬʴ
ʻʴʫʨ ʳʰʭʰʾʵʯ ˅ʬˀʳʨʸʰʺʰ ˂ʵʫʴʨ, ʸʵʳʬʲʰ˂ ʩˈʨʪʨʭʨʫ-ʪʰʺʨʹ Yʯʨʴʨˆʳʨʫ,
ʶʨʸʨʳʶʨʸʨʹ (ʳʵ˄ʨʼʬʵʩʸʰʭʰ ʯʨʴʳʰʳʫʬʭʸʵʩʰʹ) ʪʮʰʯ ʬˀʭʬʩʨ. ʻʴʫʨ ʳʰʭʰʾʵʯ ˂ʵʫʴʨ
ʰʳ ʳʵ˄ʨʼʬʵʩʸʰʭʰ ʯʨʴʳʰʳʫʬʭʸʵʩʰʹ ˅ʬˀʳʨʸʰʺʰ ˄ʿʨʸʵʫʨʴ, ʸʵʳʬʲʰ˂ ʻʳʨʾʲʬʹʰ
ʹʻʲʰʬʸʰ ʳʵ˃ʾʭʸʰʯ, ʯʨʭʨʫ ʻʼʲʰʯ ʰ˄ʿʬʩʨ ʫʨ ˀʬʳʫʬʪ ʹʻʲʰʬʸ ʳʵ˃ʾʭʨʸʯʨ
ʯʨʴʳʰʳʫʬʭʸʵʩʨʹ ʪʨʫʨʬ˂ʬʳʨ. ʨʸˇʻʴʨ, ʳʵ˄ʨʼʬ, ʸʵʳʬʲʰ˂ ʻʼʨʲʰ ˀʸʰ ʱʸˀʴʨʹʪʨʴ
ʹ˄ʨʭʲʵʩʫʨ, ʻʹʰʺʿʭʵʫ ʰʾʬʩʹ ʱʸˀʴʨʹ ʿʵʭʬʲ ʴʨʯʽʭʨʳʹ. ʨʸ ˀʬʰ˃ʲʬʩʨ ʭʨʾʰʨʸʵʯ
ʩˈʨʪʨʭʨʫ-ʪʰʺʨʹ ʴʨ˄ʰʲʰ ʫʨ ʴʨ˄ʰʲʰ – ʨʸʨ. ʩˈʨʪʨʭʨʫ-ʪʰʺʨ ʻʴʫʨ ʳʰʭʰʾʵʯ
ʰʴʺʬʸʶʸʬʺʨ˂ʰʰʹ, ʴʨ˄ʰʲʰʹ ʨʳʵˀʲʰʹʨ ʫʨ ˀʰʴʨʨʸʹˀʰ ʯʭʰʯʴʬʩʻʸʰ ˁʨʸʬʭʰʹ ʪʨʸʬˀʬ.
ʻʴʫʨ ʭʨʾʰʨʸʵʯ, ʸʵʳ ʪʰʺʨ ʨʸʰʹ ʴʨ˄ʨʸʳʵʬʩʰ, ʸʵʳʬʲˀʰ˂ ʿʭʬʲʨʮʬ ʹʸʻʲʿʵʼʰʲʨʫʨʨ
˄ʨʸʳʵʫʪʬʴʰʲʰ ʭʬʫʻʸʰ ˂ʵʫʴʨ. ʰʪʰ ʳʰʾʬʩʻʲʰʨ ʺʸʨʴʹ˂ʬʴʫʬʴʺʻʲʰ ˄ʿʨʸʵʬʩʰʫʨʴ
ʫʨ ʶʰʸʭʬʲʰ ʹʰʺʿʭʬʩʰ ʯʨʭʨʫ ʻʼʨʲʹ ʬʱʻʯʭʴʰʹ. ʻʼʲʰʹ ʳʰʬʸ ʴʨʯʽʭʨʳ ʹʰʺʿʭʬʩʹ
ʨʶʨʻʸʻˀʬʰʨ ˈʽʭʰʨ, ʸʨ˂ ʰʳʨʹ ʴʰˀʴʨʭʹ, ʸʵʳ ʰʹʰʴʰ ʪʨʴʹˆʭʨʭʫʬʩʨ ʵʯˆʰ ʴʨʱʲʵʭʨʴʬʩʰʯ
ʫʨʨʭʨʫʬʩʻʲʰ ʨʳʽʭʬʿʴʰʻʸʰ ʱʨ˂ʰʹ ʳʰʬʸ ˄ʨʸʳʵʯʽʳʻʲʰ ʹʰʺʿʭʬʩʰʹʪʨʴ. ʨʳʽʭʬʿʴʰʻʸʰ
ʱʨ˂ʰ:
1) ʨʻ˂ʰʲʬʩʲʨʫ ʻˀʭʬʩʹ ˀʬ˂ʫʵʳʬʩʹ,
2) ʳʻʫʨʳ ʰʲʻʮʰʨˀʰʨ,
3) ʹˆʭʰʹʰ ʳʵʺʿʻʬʩʰʹ ʳʰʫʸʬʱʰʲʬʩʨ ʨʽʭʹ ʫʨ
4) ˀʬʮʾʻʫʻʲʰʨ ʨʸʨʹʸʻʲʿʵʼʰʲʰ ʪʸ˃ʴʵʩʬʩʰʯ.
ʨʳ ʵʯˆʰ ʴʨʱʲʵʭʨʴʬʩʰʹ ʳʽʵʴʬ ʶʰʸʵʭʴʬʩʨ ʭʬʸ ʳʵʪʭ˂ʬʳʹ ʹʸʻʲʿʵʼʰʲ ˂ʴʵʩʬʩʹ
ʿʵʭʲʰʹʳʵʳ˂ʭʬʲ ˂ʵʫʴʨʮʬ...
ʨʸʹʬʩʵʩʹ ʳʸʨʭʨʲʰ ʳʨʪʨʲʰʯʰ ʰʳʰʹʨ, ʯʻ ʸʵʪʵʸ ʻʴʫʨ ʪʨʳʵʭʰʿʬʴʵʯ ʰʹ, ʸʨ˂ ʻʼʨʲʳʨ
ʪʨʳʵʪʭʰʿʵ. ʩˈʨʪʨʭʨʫ-ʪʰʺʨˀʰ ʬʹ ʹʨʱʰʯˆʰ˂ ʪʨʴʳʨʸʺʬʩʻʲʰʨ. ʯYʨʭʰʫʨʴ ʨʸˇʻʴʨʳ
ʪʨʫʨ˄ʿʭʰʺʨ ʨʸ ʳʰʬʾʵ ʳʵʴʨ˄ʰʲʬʵʩʨ ʱʻʸʻʱˀʬʺʸʨʹ ʩʸ˃ʵʲʨˀʰ. ʬʹ ʳʰʹʰ ʹʨʱʻʯʨʸʰ
ʪʨʫʨ˄ʿʭʬʺʰʲʬʩʨ ʰʿʵ. ʨʸˇʻʴʨʳ ʻʯˆʸʨ ʱʸˀʴʨʹ, ʸʵʳ ʯʨʭʰʹ ʹʨʳʬʼʵˀʰ ʹʨʱʻʯʨʸʰ
ʴʨʯʬʹʨʭʬʩʰʹ ʳʵʱʭʲʰʹ ˀʬʳʫʬʪ ʩʬʫʴʰʬʸʰ ʭʬʸ ʰʽʴʬʩʵʫʨ. ʨʹʬʯʰ ʪʨʫʨ˄ʿʭʬʺʰʲʬʩʨ
ʹˆʬʻʲʮʬ ʰʿʵ ʫʨʳʿʨʸʬʩʻʲʰ, ʭʰʴʨʰʫʨʴ ʹʨʱʻʯʨʸʰ ʯʨʭʰ ʹˆʬʻʲʰ ʬʪʵʴʨ ʫʨ ʹˆʬʻʲʰʹ
ʴʨʯʬʹʨʭʬʩʰ, ʨʴʻ ʬʽʹʶʨʴʹʰʬʩʰ ʳʰʨˁʴʫʨ ˃ʳʬʩʨʫ, ʩʰ˃ʨˀʭʰʲʬʩʨʫ, ʩʨʩʻʬʩʨʫ ʫʨ ʨ.ˀ.
ʨʳʰʺʵʳ ʹˆʬʻʲʰʹ ʳʵʯˆʵʭʴʰʲʬʩʬʩʰʹ ʫʨʱʳʨʿʵʼʰʲʬʩʨ ʹʻʸʫʨ. ʻʼʨʲʳʨ˂ ʩˈʨʪʨʭʨʫʪʰʺʨ ʹ˄ʵʸʬʫ ʰʳʰʺʵʳ ʳʵʻʯˆʸʵ, ʸʵʳ ˀʬʬ˂ʭʨʲʨ ʨʸˇʻʴʨʹ ˀʬˆʬʫʻʲʬʩʨ. ʩʵʲʵʹ
ʨʸˇʻʴʨʳ ʪʨʫʨ˄ʿʭʰʺʨ ʬʩʸ˃ʵʲʨ ʻʼʲʰʹ ˆʬʲʳ˃ʾʭʨʴʬʲʵʩʰʯ, ʸʵʫʬʹʨ˂ ʯʽʭʨ, ʱʨʸʰˀʰʬ
ʭʨˁʨʴʨʳ ʺʨʭʨ: “ʪʨʭʨʱʬʯʬʩ ʰʳʨʹ, ʸʨʹʨ˂ ʳʬʺʿʭʰ.”
ʨʳʽʭʬʿʴʨʫ ʨʫʨʳʰʨʴʬʩʰ ʪʨʴʱʻʯʭʴʰʲʴʰ ʨʸ ʨʸʰʨʴ ʰʳʰʹʯʭʰʹ, ʸʵʳ ˃ʨʾʲʬʩʰʭʰʯʨ ʫʨ
ʱʨʺʬʩʰʭʰʯ ʰˁˆʻʩʵʴ. ʨʫʨʳʰʨʴʬʩʳʨ ʪʵʴʰʬʸʬʩʨ ʻʴʫʨ ʪʨʳʵʰˁʰʴʵʴ, ʸʨʯʨ ˀʬʰʪʴʵʴ
ʨʫʨʳʰʨʴʰʹ ʹʰ˂ʵ˂ˆʲʰʹ ʳʴʰˀʭʴʬʲʵʩʨ ʫʨ ʻʨʸʰ ʯʽʭʨʴ ʻʩʸʨʲʵ ˂ˆʵʭʬʲʬʩʰʭʰʯ
ʳʵʽʳʬʫʬʩʨʮʬ. ʱʨ˂ʳʨ ʻʴʫʨ ʪʨʰʪʵʹ ʹʨʱʻʯʨʸʰ ʹʰ˂ʵ˂ˆʲʰʹ ʳʰʮʨʴʰ. ʨʳʨʮʬ ʳʰʪʭʰʯʰʯʬʩʹ
ʳʯʬʲʰ ʭʬʫʻʸʰ ʲʰʺʬʸʨʺʻʸʬ, ʸʵʳʲʰʹ ʱʭʰʴʺʬʹʬʴ˂ʰʨ˂ ʨʸʰʹ ʩˈʨʪʨʭʨʫ-ʪʰʺʨ.
ʭʬʫʻʸʰ ʲʰʺʬʸʨʺʻʸʨ ʪʨʴʱʻʯʭʴʰʲʰʨ ʨʫʨʳʰʨʴʬʩʰʹʯʭʰʹ ʫʨ ʨʸʨ ˂ˆʵʭʬʲʬʩʰʹʯʭʰʹ.
˂ˆʵʭʬʲʰ ʳʵʱʲʨʭʹ ʹˆʭʨ ˂ˆʵʭʬʲʬʩʹ ʫʨ ʳʰʹʰ ʳˆʸʰʫʨʴ ʬʹ ˂ʵʫʭʨ ʨʸ ʰʽʴʬʩʨ, ʳʨʪʸʨʳ
ʯʻʱʰ ʨʫʨʳʰʨʴʰ ʳʵʱʲʨʭʹ ˂ˆʵʭʬʲʹ ʯʨʭʰʹʰ ʫʨʻʵʱʬʩʬʲʰ ʬʴʰʹ ʫʨʹʨʱʳʨʿʵʼʰʲʬʩʲʨʫ,
ʶʨʹʻˆʰ˂ ʻʴʫʨ ʨʪʵʹ ʩʻʴʬʩʰʹ ʱʨʴʵʴʬʩʰʹ ʫʨʸʾʭʬʭʰʹʨʯʭʰʹ. ʩˈʨʪʨʭʨʫ-ʪʰʺʨˀʰ ʴʨʯʲʨʫ
ʨʸʰʹ ʪʨʴʳʨʸʺʬʩʻʲʰ, ʸʵʳ ʩʻʴʬʩʰʹ ʹˆʭʨʫʨʹˆʭʨ ʳʵʫʻʹʯʨ ˀʬʹʨʩʨʳʰʹʨʫ, ʨʸʹʬʩʵʩʹ
ʹʨʳʰ ʹʨˆʰʹ ʹʨʽʳʰʨʴʵʩʨ: ʹʨʽʳʰʨʴʵʩʨ ʹʨʯʴʵʬʩʨˀʰ, ʭʴʬʩʨʹʨ ʫʨ ʻʪʻʴʻʸʬʩʨˀʰ. ʿʭʬʲʨʼʬʸʰ

ʬʹ ʪʨʸʱʭʬʭʰʯ ʨʸʰʹ ʨʾ˄ʬʸʰʲʰ ʫʨ ʯʻʱʰ ʹ˄ʵʸʨʫ ʭʹʨʸʪʬʩʲʵʩʯ ʩˈʨʪʨʭʨʫ-ʪʰʺʨʹ
ʫʨʸʰʪʬʩʬʩʰʯ, ˁʭʬʴʰ ʨʸʹʬʩʵʩʨ ʳʯʲʰʨʴʨʫ ʪʨʴʰ˄ʳʰʴʫʬʩʨ ʫʨ ʹʨʩʵʲʵʵʫ ʳʰʭʨʾ˄ʬʭʯ
ʫʨʴʰˀʴʻʲʬʩʰʹ ʨʫʪʰʲʹ, ʸʵʳʬʲʰ˂ ʨʳ ʳʨʺʬʸʰʨʲʻʸʰ ˂ʰʹ ʳʰʾʳʨ ʰʳʿʵʼʬʩʨ.
ʫʨʴʰˀʴʻʲʬʩʰʹ ʨʳ ʨʫʪʰʲʹ ʹʨʴʨʺʨʴʨ ʮʬ˂ʨ, ʳʨʸʨʫʰʻʲʰ, ʹʻʲʰʬʸʰ ʮʬ˂ʨ ʬ˄ʵʫʬʩʨ.
ˁʭʬʴ ʭˆʬʫʨʭʯ, ʸʵʳ ʳʨʺʬʸʰʨʲʻʸ ʹʨʳʿʨʸʵˀʰ ʿʭʬʲʨʼʬʸʰ ˄ʨʸʳʨʭʨʲʰʨ. ʸʨʰʳʬ ˁʴʫʬʩʨ,
ʬʸʯ ˆʨʴʹ ʨʸʹʬʩʵʩʹ, ʰ˃ʲʬʭʨ ʯʨʴʨʶʸʵʫʻʽʺʬʩʹ, ʰʲʬʭʨ ʫʨ ʽʸʬʩʨ. ʨʹʬʯʰʨ
ʳʨʺʬʸʰʨʲʻʸʰ ʹʨʳʿʨʸʵʹ ʱʨʴʵʴʰ, ʸʵʳʬʲʰ˂ ʹˆʬʻʲʰʹ, ʴʨʿʵʼʰʹ ʨʴ ʴʬʩʰʹʳʰʬʸ ʹˆʭʨ
ʳʨʪʨʲʰʯʮʬ ˁʨʴʹ. ʳʨʪʸʨʳ ʨʳ ˄ʨʸʳʨʭʨʲ ʹʨʳʿʨʸʵʹ ʳʰʾʳʨ ʨʸʹʬʩʵʩʹ ʹˆʭʨ ʹʨʳʿʨʸʵ˂,
ʸʵʳʲʰʹ ˀʬʹʨˆʬʩʨ˂ ʨʸ ʪʭʬ˃ʲʬʭʨ ˂ʴʵʩʬʩʰ. ʰʪʰ ˀʬʫʪʬʩʨ ʹˆʭʨ ʩʻʴʬʩʰʹʪʨʴ, ʸʵʳʬʲʰ˂
ʹʨʴʨʺʨʴʨ, ʳʨʸʨʫʰʻʲʰʨ. ʳʬʯʬʸʯʳʬʺʬ ʯʨʭˀʰ ʴʨʯʽʭʨʳʰʨ, ʸʵʳ ˇʰʭʨ ʹʨʴʨʺʨʴʨ, ʨʴʻ
ʳʨʸʨʫʰʻʲʰʨ ʫʨ ʻʼʨʲʰ˂ ʹʨʴʨʺʨʴʨʨ. ˁʭʬʴ ʻʼʨʲʯʨʴ ʨˆʲʵ ʻʸʯʰʬʸʯʵʩʨ
ʪʭʨʱʨʭˀʰʸʬʩʹ ʫʨ ʭʰʴʨʰʫʨʴ ʹʨʴʨʺʨʴʨ-ʫˈʨʳʨ, ʨʴʻ ʮʬ˂ʨ, ʻʮʬʴʨʬʹʰ ʹʨʴʨʺʨʴʨ ʶʰʸʵʭʴʬʩʨ
ʫʨ ʹʨʴʨʺʨʴʨ ˂ʵ˂ˆʨʲʰ ʨʸʹʬʩʬʩʰ ʯʭʰʹʵʩʸʰʭʨʫ ʬʸʯʴʰ ʭʨʸʯ, ʩˈʨʪʨʭʨʫ-ʪʰʺʨʹ
ʳʰʮʨʴʰ˂ ʨʳʨˀʰ ʳʫʪʵʳʨʸʬʵʩʹ, ʸʵʳ ʪʨʴʨʨˆʲʵʹ ˁʭʬʴʰ ʹʨʴʨʺʨʴʨ ʹʨʽʳʰʨʴʵʩʨ, ʨʴʻ
ʹʨʴʨʺʨʴʨ-ʫˈʨʸʳʨ, ʸʵʳʬʲʰ˂ ʿʵʭʬʲʰ ˂ʵ˂ˆʨʲʰ ʨʸʹʬʩʰʹ ʳʨʸʨʫʰʻʲ ʹʨʽʳʰʨʴʵʩʨʹ
˄ʨʸʳʵʨʫʪʬʴʹ. ˁʭʬʴ ʫʸʵʬʩʰʯ ʨʯʨʹʪʭʨʸʰ ʹʨʽʳʰʨʴʵʩʰʯ ʭʨʸʯ ʫʨʱʨʭʬʩʻʲʰ, ʳʨʪʸʨʳ
ˁʭʬʴʰ ʿʵʭʬʲʰ ʹʨʽʳʰʨʴʵʩʨ ʪʨʴʰ˄ʳʰʴʫʬʩʨ, ʸʵʫʬʹʨ˂ ʯʨʭʹ ʳʰʭʨʴʬʩʬʩʯ ʨʳ ʫʸʵʬʩʰʯ
ʹʨʽʳʰʨʴʵʩʨʬʩʹ ʫʨ ˆʬʲʹ ʳʵʭʱʰʫʬʩʯ ʹʨʽʳʰʨʴʵʩʨʹ, ʸʵʳʬʲʰ˂ ʻʮʬʴʨʬʹʳʨ ʻʼʨʲʳʨ
ʫʨʪʭʰ˄ʬʹʨ. ʨʳʨʹ ʬ˄ʵʫʬʩʨ ˁʭʬʴʰ ˄ʳʰʴʫʨ ʹʰ˂ʵ˂ˆʲʬ.
ʻʮʬʴʨʬʹʰ ʻʼʨʲʰ˂ ʫʨ ʳʰʹʰ ʺʸʨʴʹ˂ʬʴʫʬʴʺʻʲʰ ʹʨʭʨʴʬ˂ ʹʨʴʨʺʨʴʨ ʨʸʰʨʴ, ʰʹʬʭʬ
ʸʵʪʵʸ˂ ˂ʵ˂ˆʨʲʰ ʨʸʹʬʩʬʩʰ, ʫʨ ʹʨʴʨʺʨʴʨ ʹʨʭʨʴʬˀʰ ʻʮʬʴʨʬʹ ʻʼʨʲʹʨ ʫʨ ˂ʵ˂ˆʨʲ
ʨʸʹʬʩʬʩʹ ˀʵʸʰʹ ʻʸʯʰʬʸʯʵʩʰʹ ʳʰʾ˄ʬʭʨ ʨʫʨʳʰʨʴʰʹ ʹʰ˂ʵ˂ˆʲʰʹ ʹʸʻʲʽʳʴʨʹ
˄ʨʸʳʵʨʫʪʬʴʹ. ʻʼʨʲʰ ʻʨʾʸʬʹʨʫ ʱʬʯʰʲʰʨ ˂ʵ˂ˆʨʲʰ ʨʸʹʬʩʬʩʰʹ ʳʰʳʨʸʯ, ʭʰʴʨʰʫʨʴ
ʰʹʰʴʰ ʳʰʹʰ ˀʭʰʲʬʩʰ ʨʸʰʨʴ. ʻʼʨʲʰ ʨ˂ˆʨʫʬʩʹ ʩˈʨʪʨʭʨʫ-ʪʰʺʨˀʰ, ʹʨʸʭʨ-ʰʵʴʰˀʻ... ʨˈʨʳ
ʩʰˇʨʶʸʨʫʨˈ ʶʰʺʨ: „ʳʬ ʭʨʸ ʳʨʳʨ ʿʵʭʲʰʹʨ.“ ˂ˆʨʫʰʨ, ʨʸʹʬʩʵʩʹ ʹˆʭʨʫʨʹˆʭʨ ʹʨˆʬʵʩʰʹ
˂ʵ˂ˆʨʲʰ ʨʸʹʬʩʬʩʰ ʳʨʯʰ ʱʨʸʳʰʹ ˀʬʹʨʩʨʳʰʹʨʫ, ʳʨʪʸʨʳ ʻʼʨʲʰ ʨʽ ʨ˂ˆʨʫʬʩʹ, ʸʵʳ ʰʪʰ
ʿʵʭʬʲʰ ʳʨʯʪʨʴʰʹ ʳʨʳʨʨ. ʨʳʰʺʵʳ ʻʼʨʲʰ ʬˀʭʬʩʨ, ʸʨʯʨ ʪʨʳʵʨʹ˄ʵʸʵʹ ʫʨ˂ʬʳʻʲʰ,
ʪʨʴʶʰʸʵʩʬʩʻʲʰ ʹʻʲʬʩʰ, ʳʨʸʨʫʰʻʲ ʹʨʴʨʺʨʴʨ ʮʬ˂ʨˀʰ ʫʨʹʨʩʸʻʴʬʩʲʨʫ ʳʵʻˆʳʵʹ,
ʸʨʯʨ ʹʨʴʨʺʨʴʨ ˂ʵ˂ˆʨʲʳʨ ʨʸʹʬʩʬʩʳʨ ʨʾʰʫʪʰʴʵʴ ʯʨʭʰʨʴʯʰ ʹʨʴʨʺʨʴʨ ʳʫʪʵʳʨʸʬʵʩʨ
ʻʼʨʲʱʯʨʴ ʳʨʸʨʫʰʻʲ ʻʸʯʰʬʸʯʵʩʨˀʰ. ʻʼʨʲʰ ʯʨʭʨʫ ʳʵʫʰʹ ʹˆʭʨʫʨʹˆʭʨ
ʰʴʱʨʸʴʨ˂ʰʰʹ ʹʨˆʰʯ, ʨʴ ʯʨʭʰʹ ʹʨʴʫʵ ʳʹʨˆʻʸʬʩʹ ˀʭʰʲʬʩʰʹ, ʯʨʴʨʳʪʮʨʭʸʬʩʰʹ ʨʴ
ʨˁʨʸʰʬʩʰʹ ʹʨˆʰʯ ʨʪʮʨʭʴʰʹ ʪʨʴʶʰʸʵʩʬʩʻʲʰ ʹʻʲʬʩʰʹ ʪʨʳʵʹʨʹ˄ʵʸʬʩʲʨʫ.
ʨʳʰʺʵʳ ʹʨʴʨʺʨʴʨ-ʫˈʨʸʳʨ ʸʨʰʳʬ ʹʬʽʺʨʴʺʻʸ ʸʬʲʰʪʰʻʸ ʶʸʵ˂ʬʹʹ ʨʸ ˄ʨʸʳʵʨʫʪʬʴʹ.
ʰʪʰ ʳʨʸʨʫʰʻʲ ˂ʵ˂ˆʨʲ ʨʸʹʬʩʨʯʨ ʳʨʸʨʫʰʻʲʰ ʫʨʴʰˀʴʻʲʬʩʨʨ ʳʨʸʨʫʰʻʲ ʻʮʬʴʨʬʹ
ʻʼʨʲʯʨʴ ʻʸʯʰʬʸʯʵʩʨˀʰ. ʸʵʪʵʸ˂ ʰʯʽʭʨ, ʹʨʴʨʺʨʴʨ-ʫˈʨʸʳʨ ˂ʵ˂ˆʨʲʰ ʨʸʹʬʩʰʹ
ʳʨʸʨʫʰʻʲ ʹʨʽʳʰʨʴʵʩʬʩʹ ʬˆʬʩʨ. ˀʸʰʶʨʫʨ ʸʨʳʨʴʻˇʨˁʨʸʰʨʳ ʪʨʴʳʨʸʺʨ, ʸʵʳ ʹʰʺʿʭʨ
ʹʨʴʨʺʨʴʨ ʴʰˀʴʨʭʹ ʰʳʨʹ, ʸʨʹʨ˂ „ʨʸʨ ʨʽʭʹ ʫʨʹʨ˄ʿʰʹʰ ʨʴ ʫʨʹʨʹʸʻʲʰ“, ʨʳʰʺʵʳ ʸʵʫʬʹʨ˂
ʹʨʴʨʺʨʴʨ ʫˈʨʸʳʨʮʬ ʭʹʨʻʩʸʵʩʯ, ˀʸʰʶʨʫʨ ʸʨʳʨʴʻˇʨˁʨʸʰʨʹ ʨʭʺʵʸʰʺʬʺʮʬ
ʫʨʿʸʫʴʵʩʰʯ ʯʨʭʰʹʯʨʭʨʫ ʻʴʫʨ ʭʰʪʻʲʰʹˆʳʵʯ, ʸʵʳ ʳʨʹ ʨʸ˂ ʫʨʹʨ˄ʿʰʹʰ ʨʽʭʹ ʫʨ ʨʸ˂
ʫʨʹʨʹʸʻʲʰ.
ʰʴʪʲʰʹʻʸʰ ʹʰʺʿʭʨ ʸʬʲʰʪʰʨ ʸʨʳʫʬʴʨʫʳʬ ʪʨʴʹˆʭʨʭʫʬʩʨ ʹʨʴʨʺʨʴʨ-ʫˈʨʸʳʰʹʪʨʴ.
ʸʬʲʰʪʰʨ ʸ˄ʳʬʴʰʹ ʰʫʬʨʹ ʪʨʳʵˆʨʺʨʭʹ, ʸ˄ʳʬʴʨ ʱʰ ˀ˄ʬʰ˃ʲʬʩʨ ˀʬʰ˂ʭʨʲʵʹ. ʨʫʨʳʰʨʴʹ

ˀʬʰ˃ʲʬʩʨ ʹ˄ʨʳʫʬʹ ʪʨʸʱʭʬʻʲʰ ʶʸʵ˂ʬʹʰʹʨ, ˀʬʳʫʬʪ ʸ˄ʳʬʴʨ ˀʬʰ˂ʭʨʲʵʹ ʫʨ ʹˆʭʨ ʸ˄ʳʬʴʨ
ʨʾʰʨʸʵʹ, ʳʨʪʸʨʳ ʹʨʴʨʺʨʴʨ ʫˈʨʸʳʨ ʴʰˀʴʨʭʹ ʰʳ ʹʨʽʳʰʨʴʵʩʨʹ, ʸʵʳʲʰʹ ˀʬ˂ʭʲʨ˂
ˀʬʻ˃ʲʬʩʬʲʰʨ. ʳʨʪʨʲʰʯʨʫ ˄ʿʨʲʹ ʭʬʸ ˄ʨʭʨʸʯʳʬʭʯ ʯˆʬʭʨʫʵʩʨʹ, ʭʬʸ˂ ˂ʬ˂ˆʲʹ
ˁʨʳʵʭʨˀʵʸʬʩʯ ʹʰʯʩʵʹ. ʳʹʪʨʭʹʨʫ ʨʳʰʹʨ, ˀʬʻ˃ʲʬʩʬʲʰʨ ʳʨʸʨʫʰʻʲʰ ˂ʵ˂ˆʨʲʰ
ʨʸʹʬʩʬʩʰʹʨʪʨʴ ʳʰʹʰ ʳʨʸʨʫʰʻʲʰ ʫʨʴʰˀʴʻʲʬʩʰʹ ˁʨʳʵˀʵʸʬʩʨ. ʹʨʴʨʺʨʴʨ ʳʨʸʨʫ
ʪʨʴʻʿʵʼʬʲʰʨ ˂ʵ˂ˆʨʲʰ ʨʸʹʬʩʰʹʪʨʴ, ʨʳʰʺʵʳ ʸʵʫʬʹʨ˂ ʹʨʴʨʺʨʴʨ ʫˈʨʸʳʨʮʬ
ʭʹʨʻʩʸʵʩʯ, ˀʸʰʶʨʫʨ ʸʨʳʨʴʻˇʨˁʨʸʰʨʹ ʨʭʺʵʸʰʺʬʺʮʬ ʫʨʿʸʫʴʵʩʰʯ, ʯʨʭʰʹʯʨʭʨʫ
ʻʴʫʨ ʭʰʪʻʲʰʹˆʳʵʯ, ʸʵʳ ʳʨʹ ʨʸ˂ ʫʨʹʨ˄ʿʰʹʰ ʨʽʭʹ ʫʨ ʨʸ˂ ʫʨʹʨʹʸʻʲʰ. ʰʹ, ʸʨʹʨ˂ ʨʸ˂
ʫʨʹʨ˄ʿʰʹʰ ʨʽʭʹ ʫʨ ʨʸ˂ ʫʨʹʨʹʸʻʲʰ, ʨʸ ʻʴʫʨ ʰʿʵʹ ʹʬʽʺʨʴʺʻʸʰ, ʭʰʴʨʰʫʨʴ
ˀʬʻ˃ʲʬʩʬʲʰʨ ʳʰʹʰ ʸʨʰʳʬ ʹʨʮʾʭʸʬʩʰʯ ˀʬʮʾʻʫʭʨ. ʳʨʯ, ʭʰʴ˂ ʪʨʸʱʭʬʻʲ ʹʬʽʺʨʴʺʻʸ
ʹʨʸ˄ʳʻʴʵʬʩʬʩʹ ʳʰʬʱʻʯʭʴʬʩʰʨʴ, ˀʬʰ˃ʲʬʩʨ ʹʨʴʨʺʨʴʨ-ʫˈʨʸʳʨ˂ ʹʬʽʺʨʴʺʻʸʰ ʬˁʭʬʴʵʯ,
ʳʨʪʸʨʳ ʯʻʱʰ ʨʳ ʹʨʱʰʯˆʹ ˁʨʭʻʾʸʳʨʭʫʬʩʰʯ ʫʨ ʯʨʴʨʳʬʫʸʵʭʬ ʳʬ˂ʴʰʬʸʬʩʰʹ ˀʻʽʮʬ
ʪʨʴʭʰˆʰʲʨʭʯ, ʫʨʭʰʴʨˆʨʭʯ, ʸʵʳ ʹʨʴʨʺʨʴʨ-ʫˈʨʸʳʨ ʹʨʳʿʨʸʵʹ ʿʵʭʬʲʰ ʨʫʨʳʰʨʴʰʹ
ʳʵʭʨʲʬʵʩʨʨ, ʫʨ ʨʸʨ ʳʨʸʺʵ ʿʵʭʬʲʰ ʨʫʨʳʰʨʴʰʹʨ, ʨʸʨʳʬʫ ʹʨʳʿʨʸʵʹ ʿʵʭʬʲʰ ˂ʵ˂ˆʨʲʰ
ʨʸʹʬʩʰʹʨ˂.
ʨʸʨ-ʹʨʴʨʺʨʴʨ ʸʬʲʰʪʰʻʸ ʹʨʸ˄ʳʻʴʵʬʩʨʹ ˀʬʰ˃ʲʬʩʨ ʱʨ˂ʵʩʸʰʵʩʰʹ ʰʹʺʵʸʰʰʹ
ʳʨʺʰʨʴʬˀʰ ʹʨ˄ʿʰʹʰ ʪʨʨˁʴʫʬʹ, ʳʨʪʸʨʳ ʨʸ ʨʸʹʬʩʵʩʹ ʹʨʴʨʺʨʴʨ-ʫˈʨʸʳʰʹ ʰʹʺʵʸʰʻʲʰ
ʹʨ˄ʿʰʹʰ, ʭʰʴʨʰʫʨʴ ʰʪʰ ʳʻʫʨʳ ʯʨʴ ʨˆʲʨʭʹ ˂ʵ˂ˆʨʲ ʨʸʹʹʬʩʨʹ. ʸʨ˂ ˀʬʬˆʬʩʨ ˂ʵ˂ˆʨʲ
ʨʸʹʬʩʬʩʹ, ʨʭʺʵʸʰʺʬʺʻʲ ˀʨʹʺʸʬʩˀʰ ʴʨʯʽʭʨʳʰʨ, ʸʵʳ ʳʨʯ ʨʸ˂ ʫʨʩʨʫʬʩʰʹ ʫʨ ʨʸ˂
ʹʰʱʭʫʰʲʰʹ ʯʨʸʰʾʰ ʨʸ ʪʨʨˁʴʰʨʯ. ʪʰʺʨˀʰ ʴʨʯʽʭʨʳʰʨ, ʸʵʳ ˂ʵ˂ˆʨʲʰ ʨʸʹʬʩʨ ʨʸʨʹʵʫʬʹ
ʰʩʨʫʬʩʨ ʫʨ ʨʸʨʹʵʫʬʹ ʱʭʫʬʩʨ. ʳʨʸʨʫʰʻʲʰʨ ʫʨ ʻʸʾʭʬʭʰ ʫʨ ˂ʵ˂ˆʲʵʩʹ ˄ʨʸʳʨʭʨʲʰ
ʳʨʺʬʸʰʨʲʻʸʰ ʹˆʬʻʲʰʹ ʳʵʹʶʵʩʰʹ ˀʬʳʫʬʪʨ˂. ʹʨʴʨʺʨʴʨ-ʫˈʨʸʳʨʹ ˂ʴʬʩʰʹ ʫʨʳʵ˄ʳʬʩʰʯ,
ʹʨʴʹʱʸʰʺʻʲʰ ʹʰʺʿʭʰʹ ʼʻ˃ʰʹ ʳʴʰˀʭʴʬʲʵʩʰʫʨʴ ʭ˂ʨʫʵʯ ʸʬʲʰʪʰʰʹ ˂ʴʬʩʰʹ ʪʨʪʬʩʨ.
ʫˈʨʸʳʨ ʴʰˀʴʨʭʹ ʰʳʨʹ, ʸʨ˂ ʳʨʸʨʫʰʻʲʨʫ ʨˆʲʨʭʹ ʸʨʰʳʬ ʪʨʸʱʭʬʻʲ ʹʨʪʨʴʹ. ˁʭʬʴ
ʫʨʭʨʹʱʭʬʴʰʯ, ʸʵʳ ˂ʬ˂ˆʲʹ ʹʰʴʨʯʲʬ ʫʨ ʹʰʯʩʵ ʨˆʲʨʭʹ ʯʨʴ. ʹʰʯʩʵʹʨ ʫʨ ʹʰʴʨʯʲʰʹ
ʪʨʸʬˀʬ ʳʨʹ ʳʴʰˀʭʴʬʲʵʩʨ ʬʱʨʸʪʬʩʨ. ʹ˄ʵʸʬʫ ʨʹʬʭʬ, ʻʴʫʨ ʨʾʳʵʭʨˁʰʴʵʯ ˂ʵ˂ˆʨʲʰ
ʨʸʹʬʩʰʹ ˃ʰʸʰʯʨʫʰ ʴʨ˄ʰʲʰ, ʸʵʳʬʲʰ˂ ʳʰʹʰ ʳʻʫʳʰʭʰ ʯʨʴʨʳʪʮʨʭʸʰʨ. ʬʹ ʳʻʫʳʰʭʰ
ʯʨʴʨʳʪʮʨʭʸʰʨ ʳʰʹʰ ʳʨʸʨʫʰʻʲʰ ʯʭʰʹʬʩʨ, ʸʵʳʬʲʰ˂ ʳʰʹʰ ʳʨʸʨʫʰʻʲʰ ʸʬʲʰʪʰʨ
ʪʨˆʲʨʭʯ.
ʸʵʫʬʹʨ˂ ʹʨʴʨʺʨʴʨ ʪʵʹʭʨʳʰʳ ˀʸʰ ˁʨʰʺʨʴʰʨ ʳʨˈʨʶʸʨʩˈʻʹ ˈʱʰʯˆʨ ʿʵʭʬʲʰ ˂ʵ˂ˆʨʲʰ
ʨʸʹʬʩʰʹ ʹʭʨʸʻʶʨʹ ˀʬʹʨˆʬʩ, ʻʼʨʲʳʨ ʻʶʨʹʻˆʨ, ʸʵʳ ˂ʵ˂ˆʨʲʰ ʨʸʹʬʩʰʹ ʹʭʨʸʻʶʨ, ʨʴʻ
ʱʵʴʹʺʰʺʻ˂ʰʻʸʰ ʳʫʪʵʳʨʸʬʵʩʨ ʨʸʰʹ ʾʳʸʯʬʬʩʰʹ ʻʮʬʴʨʬʹʰ ʶʰʸʵʭʴʬʩʰʹ ʳʹʨˆʻʸʬʩʨ.
ʯʻʱʰ ʻʼʨʲ ˁʨʰʺʨʴʰʨʹ ʨʳ ʴʨʯʽʭʨʳʹ ʪʨʭʨʨʴʨʲʰʮʬʩʯ, ʳʰʭˆʭʫʬʩʰʯ, ʸʵʳ ʿʵʭʬʲʰ
˂ʵ˂ˆʨʲʰ ʨʸʹʬʩʨ ʳʻʫʨʳ ʳʸʨʭʨʲʴʨʰʸʨʫ ʬʳʹʨˆʻʸʬʩʨ ʹˆʭʨ ˂ʵ˂ˆʨʲ ʨʸʹʬʩʬʩʹ. ʬʸʯʰ
˂ʵ˂ˆʨʲʰ ʨʸʹʬʩʨ ʫʨʴʨʸˁʬʴ ˂ʵ˂ˆʨʲ ʨʸʹʬʩʬʩʹ ʳʸʨʭʨʲʴʨʰʸʨʫ ʬʳʹʨˆʻʸʬʩʨ. ʹ˄ʵʸʬʫ ʬʹ
ʨʴʰ˅ʬʩʹ ʳʨʹ ʹʰ˂ʵ˂ˆʲʰʯ ʺʱʩʵʩʨʹ. ʫʨʩʨʲʰ ˂ˆʵʭʬʲʬʩʰ ʰʹʬʭʬ ʬʳʹʨˆʻʸʬʩʰʨʴ
ʨʫʨʳʰʨʴʬʩʹ, ʸʵʪʵʸ˂ ʳʹʨˆʻʸʬʩʰ – ʩʨʺʵʴʹ. ʬʸʯʰ ʬʸʯ ʩʨʺʵʴʹ ʬʳʹʨˆʻʸʬʩʨ, ʬʹ
ʻʱʨʴʨʹʱʴʬʲʰ ʹˆʭʨ ʩʨʺʵʴʹ, ʸʵʳʬʲʰ˂ ʯʨʭʰʹ ʳˆʸʰʭ ʱʰʫʬʭ ʹˆʭʨ ʩʨʺʵʴʰʹ ʳʹʨˆʻʸʰʨ ʫʨ
ʨ.ˀ. ʨʳʸʰʪʨʫ, ʭˆʬʫʨʭʯ, ʸʵʳ ʳʬʪʵʩʨʸʰ ʬʳʹʨˆʻʸʬʩʨ ʳʬʪʵʩʨʸʹ, ʫʬʫʨ-ˀʭʰʲʹ, ˂ʵʲʰʽʳʨʸʹ, ʽʳʨʸʰ-˂ʵʲʹ ʫʨ ʨ.ˀ. ʯʻʱʰ ʨʹʬʯ ʱʭʲʬʭʨʹ ʪʨʭʨʪʸ˃ʬʲʬʩʯ, ʭʴʨˆʨʭʯ, ʸʵʳ
˂ʵ˂ˆʨʲ ʨʸʹʬʩʨʯʨ ʹʨʮʵʪʨʫʵʬʩʨˀʰ ʨʸ ʨʸʹʬʩʵʩʹ ʪʨʳʵʴʨʱʲʰʹʰ, ʸʵʳ ʭʰʴʳʬ ʹˆʭʨʹ ʨʸ
ʬʳʹʨˆʻʸʬʩʵʫʬʹ. ʶʵʲʰʺʰʱʻʸʰ ʳʵʾʭʨ˄ʬ ʨ˂ʴʵʩʹ ˆʨʲˆʹ ʯʨʭʰʹ ʳʨʴʰʼʬʹʺʹ, ʸʨʯʨ
ʫʨʨʸ˄ʳʻʴʵʹ ʸʨʵʫʬʴ ʫʰʫʰ ʳʹʨˆʻʸʰʨ. ʨʳʰʺʵʳʨ˂ ʨʳʵʳʸˁʬʭʲʬʩʰ ʯʨʭʰʨʴʯ ˃ʭʰʸʼʨʹ
ˆʳʬʩʹ ʨ˃ʲʬʭʬʴ, ʸʨʫʪʨʴ ʯʭʲʰʨʴ, ʸʵʳ ʰʪʰ ʼʨʹʫʨʻʫʬʩʬʲ ʹʨʳʹʨˆʻʸʹ ʪʨʻ˄ʬʭʹ

ʹʨʮʵʪʨʫʵʬʩʨʹ. ʳʨʸʨʫʰʻʲʰ ˂ʵ˂ˆʨʲʰ ʨʸʹʬʩʰʹ ʨʳ ʳʨʸʨʫʰʻʲʰ ʻʴʨʸʰʹ ʪʨʳʵ,
ʪʨʳʿʰʫʭʬʲʰ ʬʳʹʨˆʻʸʬʩʨ ʳʿʰʫʭʬʲʹ, ʳʻˀʨ – ʱʨʶʰʺʨʲʰʹʺʹ, ʱʨʶʰʺʨʲʰʹʺʰ – ʵˇʨˆʹ ʫʨ
ʵˇʨˆʰ ʱʰ – ʹʨˆʬʲʳ˄ʰʼʵʹ. ʨʳʸʰʪʨʫ ʭˆʬʫʨʭʯ, ʸʵʳ ʨʸ˂ ʬʸʯʰ ˂ʵ˂ˆʨʲʰ ʨʸʹʬʩʨ ʨʸ
ʨʸʰʹ ʹˆʭʨ ˂ʵ˂ˆʨʲʰ ʨʸʹʬʩʬʩʰʹ ʹʨʳʹʨˆʻʸʰʹʪʨʴ ʯʨʭʰʹʻʼʨʲʰ. ʨʳʰʺʵʳʨ˂
ʫʨʸ˄ʳʻʴʬʩʰʯ ˀʬʪʭʰ˃ʲʰʨ ʭʯʽʭʨʯ, ʸʵʳ ʬʹ ʹʨʳʹʨˆʻʸʰ ˂ʵ˂ˆʨʲʰ ʨʸʹʬʩʰʹ ʳʨʸʨʫʰʻʲʰ
ʯʨʴʨʳʪʮʨʭʸʰʨ ʫʨ ʸʵʳ ʳʹʨˆʻʸʬʩʨ ˂ʵ˂ˆʨʲʰ ʨʸʹʬʩʰʹ ʳʨʸʨʫʰʻʲ ʳʵʭʨʲʬʵʩʨʹ
˄ʨʸʳʵʨʫʪʬʴʹ.
ʳʰʻˆʬʫʨʭʨʫ ʨʳʰʹʨ ʱʵʴʱʸʬʺʻʲʰ ʫʸʵʰʹʨ ʫʨ ʭʰʯʨʸʬʩʰʹ ʪʨʳʵ, ʨʫʨʳʰʨʴʰ ʪʨʸʱʭʬʻʲʰ
ʹʨʸ˄ʳʻʴʵʬʩʰʹ ʳʰʳʫʬʭʸʨʫ ʨʾʰʨʸʬʩʹ ʯʨʭʹ, ʨʳʰʺʵʳ ˄ʨʸʳʵʪʭʰʫʪʬʩʨ ʰʴʫʻʹʨʫ,
ʳʻʹʻʲʳʨʴʨʫ, ʽʸʰʹʺʰʨʴʨʫ, ʩʻʫʰʹʺʨʫ ʨʴ ʹˆʭʨ ʸʬʲʰʪʰʰʹʨ ʯʻ ʹʬʽʺʰʹ
˄ʨʸʳʵʳʨʫʪʬʴʲʨʫ. ʨʹʬʯʰ ʫʨʹʨˆʬʲʬʩʬʩʰ ʨʸʨ-ʹʨʴʨʺʨʴʨ-ʫˈʨʸʳʨʨ. ʰʴʫʻʹʳʨ ˀʬʰ˃ʲʬʩʨ
ʹʨʸ˄ʳʻʴʵʬʩʨ ʪʨʳʵʰ˂ʭʨʲʵʹ ʫʨ ʳʻʹʻʲʳʨʴʰ ʪʨˆʫʬʹ, ʨʴ ʳʻʹʻʲʳʨʴʳʨ ˀʬʰ˂ʭʨʲʵʹ
ʹʨʸ˄ʳʻʴʵʬʩʨ ʫʨ ʪʨˆʫʬʹ ʰʴʫʻʹʰ, ʨʴ ʽʸʰʹʺʰʨʴʳʨ ʰ˂ʭʨʲʵʹ ʹʨʸ˄ʳʻʴʵʬʩʨ ʫʨ ʨ.ˀ.
ʳʨʪʸʨʳ ʸʬʲʰʪʰʻʸʰ ʹʨʸ˄ʳʻʴʵʬʩʰʹ ˀʬ˂ʭʲʨ ʭʬʸ˂ ʬʸʯ ˀʬʳʯˆʭʬʭʨˀʰ ʭʬʸ ʨˆʫʬʴʹ
ʪʨʭʲʬʴʨʹ ʹˆʭʬʩʰʹ ʳʹʨˆʻʸʬʩʰʹ ʳʨʸʨʫʰʻʲ ʳʵʭʨʲʬʵʩʨʮʬ. ʰʴʫʻʹʰ, ʳʻʹʻʲʳʨʴʰ ʯʻ
ʽʸʰʹʺʰʨʴʰ ʴʬʩʰʹʳʰʬʸ ˀʬʳʯˆʭʬʭʨˀʰ ʭʰʾʨ˂ʰʹ ʳʹʨˆʻʸʰʨ. ʨʳʸʰʪʨʫ ʪʨʸʱʭʬʻʲʰ ʹʨˆʰʹ
ʹʨʸ˄ʳʻʴʵʬʩʰʹ ʨʾʰʨʸʬʩʨ ʹʨʴʨʺʨʴʨ-ʫˈʨʸʳʰʹ ʨʾʰʨʸʬʩʨʹ ʨʸ ʪʻʲʰʹˆʳʵʩʹ. ʹʨʴʨʺʨʴʨʫˈʨʸʳʨ ʳʹʨˆʻʸʬʩʨʹ ʴʰˀʴʨʭʹ.
ʼʨʽʺʰʻʸʨʫ ˁʭʬʴ ʻʮʬʴʨʬʹ ʻʼʨʲʯʨʴ ʹʨʳʹʨˆʻʸʰ ʪʭʨʱʨʭˀʰʸʬʩʹ. ʻʮʬʴʨʬʹʰ ʻʼʨʲʰ
ʻʳʨʾʲʬʹʰ ʪʨʴʳ˂ˆʸʵʳʬʲʰʨ, ˁʭʬʴ ʱʰ, ˂ʵ˂ˆʨʲʰ ʨʸʹʬʩʬʩʰ, ʳʰʹʰ ʳʹʨˆʻʸʬʩʰ ʭʨʸʯ. ˁʭʬʴ
ʳʰʹʰ ʹʰʨʳʵʭʴʬʩʰʹʯʭʰʹ ʭʨʸʯ ˀʬʽʳʴʰʲʰ ʫʨ ʯʻʱʰ ʳʵʴʨ˄ʰʲʬʵʩʨʹ ʳʰʭʰʾʬʩʯ
ʾʳʸʯʬʬʩʰʹ ʻʮʬʴʨʬʹ ʶʰʸʵʭʴʬʩʨʹʯʨʴ ʳʨʸʨʫʰʻʲ ʹʰʨʳʵʭʴʬʩʨˀʰ, ʩʬʫʴʰʬʸʬʩʰ
ʭʰʽʴʬʩʰʯ. ʹˆʭʨʪʭʨʸʨʫ ʩʬʫʴʰʬʸʬʩʨʹ ʭʬʸ ʳʰʭʨʾ˄ʬʭʯ. ʫʨʳʵʻʱʰʫʬʩʲʨʫ ʩʬʫʴʰʬʸʬʩʨ
ˀʬʻ˃ʲʬʩʬʲʰʨ, ʰʹʬʭʬ, ʸʵʪʵʸ˂ ʹˆʬʻʲʰʹ ʭʬʸ˂ ʬʸʯʰ ʴʨ˄ʰʲʰ ʭʬʸ ʰʽʴʬʩʨ ʩʬʫʴʰʬʸʰ
ʱʻ˅ʯʨʴ ʯʨʴʨʳˀʸʵʳʲʵʩʰʹ ʪʨʸʬˀʬ. ˂ʵ˂ˆʨʲʰ ʨʸʹʬʩʨ ʭʬʸ ʪʨˆʫʬʩʨ ʩʬʫʴʰʬʸʰ, ʯʻʱʰ
ʺʸʨʴʹ˂ʬʴʫʬʴʺʻʲ ʹʨʹʰʿʭʨʸʻʲʵ ʹʨʳʹʨˆʻʸʹ ʨʸ ʳʰʻʮʾʨʭʹ ʻʮʬʴʨʬʹ ʻʼʨʲʹ.

ʯʨʭʰ ʶʰʸʭʬʲʰ
ʱʻʸʻʽˀʬʺʸʨʹ ʩʸ˃ʵʲʰʹ ʭʬʲʮʬ ˀʬʱʸʬʩʰʲ
ʲʨˀʽʨʸʯʨ ʫʨʯʭʨʲʰʬʸʬʩʨ
1) ʫˈʸʰʺʨʸʨˀʺʸʨʳ ʰʱʰʯˆʨ: ʵ, ʹʨʴˇʨʰʨ, ʳʨʻ˄ʿʬ, ʸʵʪʵʸ ˀʬʰʱʸʩʴʬʴ
ʳ˄ʰʸʵʩʰʹ ʭʬʲʮʬ - ʱʻʸʻʽˀʬʺʸʨʮʬ, ʩʸ˃ʵʲʰʹ ʷʰʴʰʯ ʨʴʯʬʩʻʲʰ ˁʬʳʰ ʫʨ
ʶʨʴʫʻʹ ˀʭʰʲʬʩʰ ʫʨ ʸʨʹ ʰʽʳʨʴ ʨˆʲʨ.
ˀʰʴʨ-ʨʸʹʰ: "ʩˈʨʪʨʭʨʫ-ʪʰʺʨ" ʳʱʰʯˆʭʬʲʯʨ ʼʨʸʯʵ ˄ʸʰʹʨʯʭʰʹ ˂ʴʵʩʰʲʰʨ,
ʸʵʪʵʸ˂ ʸʬʲʰʪʰʻʸ-ʼʰʲʵʹʵʼʰʻʸʰ ʴʨʨʮʸʬʭʰ, ʸʵʳʬʲʰ˂
ʪʨʴʮʵʪʨʫʬʩʻʲʰʨ "ʪʰʺʨ-ʳʨˈʨʺʳʰʨˀʰ" ("ʪʰʺʨʹ ʽʬʩʨʯʨ-ʽʬʩʨ") ʫʨ
ʳʰʯʰʯʬʩʻʲʰʨ, ʸʵʳ ʨʫʨʳʰʨʴʳʨ ʪʻʲʫʨʹʳʰʯ, ˀʸʰ ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ ʬʸʯʪʻʲʰʹ
ʫʨˆʳʨʸʬʩʰʯ ʻʴʫʨ ˄ʨʰʱʰʯˆʵʹ "ʩˈʨʪʨʭʨʫ-ʪʰʺʨ", ʹʨʼʻ˃ʭʲʰʨʴʨʫ ˁʨʹ˄ʭʫʬʹ
ʳʰʹ ʨʮʸʵʩʸʰʭ ʹʰʾʸʳʬʬʩʹ ʫʨ ʻʨʸʰ ʯʽʭʨʹ ʹʨʱʻʯʨʸʰ ˀʬˆʬʫʻʲʬʩʬʩʰʹʨʳʬʩʸ
ʳʰʹ ʨˆʹʴʨʮʬ.
ʨʸˇʻʴʨʳ "ʪʰʺʨ" ʻˀʻʨʲʵʫ ʻʼʲʰʹʨʪʨʴ ʳʵʰʹʳʰʴʨ ʫʨ ʹ˂ʨʫʨ, ʬʹ
ʳʵ˃ʾʭʸʬʩʨ ˃ʰʸʰʹ˃ʰʸʨʳʫʬ ˀʬʬ˂ʴʵ. ʬʹ ʨʸʰʹ ʨʳ ˄ʳʰʴʫʨ ˄ʰʪʴʰʹ ʹ˄ʵʸʨʫ
ʪʨʪʬʩʰʹ ʪʮʨ. ʯʻ ʩʬʫʰ ʭʰʴʳʬʹ ʰʹʬ ʪʨʻʾʰʳʬʩʹ, ʸʵʳ ʳʵ˄ʨʼʬʵʩʸʰʭʰ
ʯʨʴʳʰʳʫʬʭʸʵʩʰʹ ˄ʿʨʲʵʩʰʯ, ʹʨʱʻʯʨʸʰ ʰʴʺʬʸʶʸʬʺʨ˂ʰʰʹ ʪʨʸʬˀʬ,
ˀʬ˃ʲʬʩʹ "ʩˈʨʪʨʭʨʫ-ʪʰʺʨʹ" ʪʨʪʬʩʨʹ, ʳʨˀʰʴ ʳʰʹʰ ˂ʵʫʴʨ ʹʸʻʲʰ ʭʬʫʻʸʰ
ʹʰʩʸ˃ʴʰʹʨ ʫʨ ʿʭʬʲʨ ˄ʳʰʴʫʨ ˄ʬʸʰʲʰʹ ˀʬʹ˄ʨʭʲʰʯ ʳʰʾʬʩʻʲ ˂ʵʫʴʨʹ
ʪʨʫʨʨ˅ʨʸʩʬʩʹ. "ʩˈʨʪʨʭʨʫ-ʪʰʺʨˀʰ" ʿʭʬʲʨʼʬʸʰʨ - ʰʹʰ˂, ʸʨʹʨ˂ ʹˆʭʨ ˄ʳʰʴʫʨ
˄ʬʸʰʲʬʩʰ ʳʵʰ˂ʨʭʬʴ, ʫʨ ʰʹʰ˂, ʸʨʹʨ˂ ʳʱʰʯˆʭʬʲʰ ʹˆʭʨʪʨʴ ʭʬʸʹʨʫ ʳʰʨʪʴʬʩʹ.
ʨʰ, ʬʹ ʨʸʰʹ "ʪʰʺʨʹ" ʪʨʳʵʸˁʬʻʲʰ ʾʰʸʹʬʩʨ - ʰʪʰ ʹʸʻʲʿʵʼʰʲʰ
ʾʭʯʰʹʳʰʬʸʰ ʳʬ˂ʴʰʬʸʬʩʨʨ, ʸʨʫʪʨʴ ʳʨʹ ʻˀʻʨʲʵʫ ʻʮʬʴʨʬʹʰ ʾʳʸʯʨʬʩʸʰʭʰ
ʶʰʸʵʭʴʬʩʨ - ʻʼʨʲʰ ˀʸʰ ʱʸʰˀʴʨ ʳʵʪʭʰʯˆʸʵʩʹ.
"ʳʨˈʨʩˈʨʸʨʺʨˀʰ" ʫˈʸʰʺʨʸʨˀʺʸʨ ʫʨ ʹʨʴˇʨʰʨ ʪʨʴʰˆʰʲʨʭʬʴ ʹʨʱʰʯˆʬʩʹ,
ʸʨ˂ "ʩˈʨʪʨʭʨʫ-ʪʰʺʨʹ" ʼʰʲʵʹʵʼʰʻʸ-ʸʬʲʰʪʰʻʸʰ ʹʨʼʻ˃ʭʬʲʰʨ. ʸʵʪʵʸ˂
ʭʪʬʩʻʲʵʩʯ, ʬʹ ʳʵ˃ʾʭʸʬʩʨ ʳʵʯˆʸʵʩʰʲ ʰʽʴʨ ʱʻʸʻʽˀʬʺʸʨʹ ʩʸ˃ʵʲʰʹ
ʭʬʲʮʬ, ʸʵʳʬʲʰ˂ ʭʬʫʻʸʰ ʬʶʵʽʰʹ ʻˆʹʵʭʨʸʰ ʫʸʵʰʫʨʴ ʳ˄ʰʸʵʩʰʹ ˄ʳʰʴʫʨ
ʨʫʪʰʲʨʫ ʨʸʰʹ ˂ʴʵʩʰʲʰ. ʳʨʹ ʾʨʾʨʫʬʩʹ ʯʭʰʯʵʴ ʻʼʨʲʰ, ʸʵʳʬʲʳʨ˂ ʨʳ
ʶʲʨʴʬʺʨʮʬ ʳʵʭʲʰʴʬʩʨ ʰʴʬʩʨ ʱʨ˂ʵʩʸʰʵʩʰʹ ʫʨʹʨʿʬʴʬʩʲʨʫ ʹ˄ʵʸʹ ʪʮʨʮʬ.
ʪʨʴʹʨʱʻʯʸʬʩʻʲʰ ʳʴʰˀʭʴʬʲʵʩʨ ʨʽʭʹ ʹʰʺʿʭʨʹ ʫˈʨʸʳʨ-ʽˀʬʺʸʨ (ʨʫʪʰʲʰ,
ʹʨʫʨ˂ ʸʬʲʰʪʰʻʸʰ ʸʰʺʻʨʲʬʩʰ ʹʸʻʲʫʬʩʨ), ʸʨ˂ ˀʬʳʫʬʪʴʨʰʸʨʫ ʨʰˆʹʴʬʩʨ:
ʱʻʸʻʽˀʬʺʸʨʹ ʭʬʲʮʬ ʻʮʬʴʨʬʹʰ ʾʳʸʯʨʬʩʸʰʭʰ ʶʰʸʵʭʴʬʩʨ ʨʸˇʻʴʨʹ
ʳˆʨʸʬʮʬ ʰʫʪʨ; ʨʳʰʺʵʳ ʱʻʸʻʯʨ ʳʵʫʪʳʰʹ ʳʨʳʨʹ, ʫˈʸʰʺʨʸʨˀʺʸʨʹ, ʫʰʨˆʨ˂,
ʫʰʫʨʫ ʨʬ˅ʭʬʩʫʨ ʯʨʭʰʹʰ ˀʭʰʲʬʩʰʹ ʪʨʳʨʸˇʭʬʩʨ. ʨʳ ʬ˅ʭʬʩʰʯ ʪʻʲˀʬ˃ʸʻʲʰ
ʬʱʰʯˆʬʩʨ ʰʪʰ ʯʨʭʰʹ ʭʬʮʰʸʹ, ʹʨʴˇʨʰʨʹ: "ʸʨ ʽʳʴʬʹ ˁʬʳʳʨ ˄ʨʸʪʮʨʭʴʰʲʬʩʳʨ?"
ʳʨʴ ʯʨʭʰʫʨʴʭʬ ʱʨʸʪʨʫ ʰ˂ʵʫʨ, ʸʵʳ ʹʨʵʳʸʨʫ ˀʬʿʸʰʲʰ ʳʰʹʰ ʫʨ ʳʰʹʰ
1

ʻʳ˂ʸʵʹʰ ˃ʳʰʹ - ʶʨʴʫʻʹ ˀʭʰʲʬʩʰ ʬʸʯʳʨʴʬʯʹ ʨʸʨʼʬʸʹ ʫʨʻʯʳʵʩʫʴʬʴ,
ʯʨʭʨʫʨ˂ ʨʳʰʹ ʳʵʳˆʸʬ ʰʿʵ. ʰʪʰ ʾʬʲʨʭʫʨ ʸʵʪʵʸ˂ ʳˀʵʩʬʲʰ, ʯʻ ʸʨ ʩʬʫʰ
ʬ˄ʬʵʫʨʯ ʹʨʹʰʱʭʫʰʲʵ ˀʬʸʱʰʴʬʩʨˀʰ ʳʰʹ ˀʭʰʲʬʩʹ. ʳʨʹ ʰʹʰ˂ ʨˀʼʵʯʬʩʫʨ,
ʸʵʳ ʩʸ˃ʵʲʨ ʰʳ ʭʬʲʮʬ ʰʳʨʸʯʬʩʵʫʨ, ʸʨ˂ ʭʬʫʬʩʰʹ ʳʰˆʬʫʭʰʯ, ʮʬ˂ʰʹ
ʩʰʴʨʫʨʸʯʨʯʭʰʹʨ˂ ʯʨʿʭʨʴʰʹ˂ʬʳʰʹ ʨʫʪʰʲʨʫ ʰʿʵ ʶʨʺʰʭ˂ʬʳʻʲʰ ʫʨ ʰʪʰ
ʪʨʭʲʬʴʨʹ ʳʵʨˆʫʬʴʫʨ ʩʸ˃ʵʲʰʹ ˀʬʫʬʪʬʩʮʬ. ʳʬʼʬʳ ʱʨʸʪʨʫ ʻ˄ʿʵʫʨ
ʨʸˇʻʴʨʹʨ ʫʨ ʶʨʴʫʻʹ ʹˆʭʨ ˁʨʳʵʳʨʭʨʲʯʨ ˄ʳʰʴʫʨ ʩʻʴʬʩʰʹ ˀʬʹʨˆʬʩ.
ʹʨʴˇʨʰʨ ʭʰʨʹʨʹ ʳʵ˄ʨʼʬ ʪʨˆʲʫʨʯ, ʨʳʰʺʵʳ ʳʨʹ ʻʴʨʸʰ ˈʽʵʴʫʨ, ʳʬʼʬʹʯʨʴ
ʹʨʻʩʸʰʹ ʫʸʵʹʨ˂ ʫʨʸʩʨʮʰʫʨʴ ʫʨʬʴʨˆʨ ʱʻʸʻʽˀʬʺʸʨʹ ʭʬʲʮʬ ʹʶʨʯʨ
ʪʨ˄ʿʵʩʨ ʫʨ ʳʬʼʰʹ ˀʬʱʰʯˆʭʬʩʮʬ ʶʨʹʻˆʰ ʪʨʬ˂ʨ.
ʶʨʴʫʨʭʬʩʰ˂ ʫʨ ʫˈʸʰʺʨʸʨˀʺʸʨʹ ˃ʬʴʰ˂ ʬʸʯʰ ʳʵʫʪʳʰʹ ˀʭʰʲʬʩʰ ʰʿʭʴʬʴ
ʫʨ ʿʭʬʲʨʴʰ ʱʻʸʻʹ ˀʯʨʳʵʳʨʭʲʬʩʨʫ ʰ˄ʵʫʬʩʵʫʴʬʴ, ʯʻʳ˂ʨ ʳʬʼʬʳ
ʹʨʴˇʨʰʨʹʯʨʴ ʹʨʻʩʨʸˀʰ ʳˆʵʲʵʫ ʹʨʱʻʯʨʸ ʴʨˀʰʬʸʯ ʻ˄ʵʫʨ "ʱʻʸʻ" ʫʨ
ʨʳʰʯ ʶʨʴʫʻʹ ˀʭʰʲʬʩʹ ʹʨʪʭʨʸʬʻʲʵ ʳʬʳʱʭʰʫʸʬʵʩʨʮʬ ʻʼʲʬʩʬʩʰ
ʻʪʻʲʭʬʩʬʲʿʵ. ʯʻʴʫʨ˂ ʨʳʰʯ ˂ˆʨʫʫʬʩʨ, ʸʵʳ ʫˈʸʰʺʨʸʨˀʺʸʨʹ ʯʨʭʰʹ
˃ʳʰʹ˄ʻʲʬʩʰʹ ʳʰʳʨʸʯ ʪʨʴʹʨʱʻʯʸʬʩʻʲʰ ʨʴʪʨʸʰˀʰ ʨʳʵ˃ʸʨʭʬʩʫʨ.
ʸʵʪʵʸ˂ ʩʸʰʴˇʰʹ ʿʨʴʨʹ ʳʨʸʪʲʨʭʬʴ ʹʨʸʬʭʬʲʨ ʩʨʲʨˆʬʩʰʹʨʪʨʴ,
ʱʻʸʻʽˀʬʺʸʨʹ ʭʬʲʮʬ ʻʼʨʲʰ, ʸʵʳʬʲʰ˂ ʨʸˇʻʴʨʹ ʨˆʲʫʨ, ʨʳʵ˃ʰʸʱʭʨʭʫʨ
ʫˈʸʰʺʨʸʨˀʺʸʨʹ ˃ʰʹ - ʫʻʸʰʵʫˈʨʴʨʹ ʳʹʪʨʭʹ ʾʭʨʸ˃ʲʨ [ʹʨʸʬʭʬʲʨ] ʩʨʲʨˆʹ
ʫʨ ʰʻʫˈʰˀʯˈʰʸʨʹ ʳʬʯʨʻʸʵʩʰʯ ˅ʬˀʳʨʸʰʺʨʫ ʳʵʸ˄ʳʻʴʬʯ
ʫʨʻʳʱʭʰʫʸʬʩʫʨ ʹʰ˂ʵ˂ˆʲʬʹ.
ʨʹʬ ʨʰˆʹʬʴʬʩʨ ʹʰʺʿʭʬʩʰʹ - ʫˈʨʸʳʨ-ʽˀʬʺʸʨʹʨ ʫʨ ʱʻʸʻ-ʽˀʬʺʸʨʹ ʰʹʺʵʸʰʻʲʰ ʫʨ ʭʬʫʻʸʰ ʳʴʰˀʭʴʬʲʵʩʨ.
2) ʹʨʴˇʨʰʨʳ ʯʽʭʨ: ʵ, ʳʬʼʬʵ! ʯʭʨʲʰ ʳʵʨʭʲʵ ʸʨ ʹʨʵʳʸʨʫ ʪʨʴʲʨʪʬʩʻʲ
ʶʨʴʫʻʹ ˀʭʰʲʯʨ ʲʨˀʽʨʸʹ, ʳʬʼʬ ʫʻʸʰʵʫˈʨʴʨ ʯʨʭʰʹ ʳʵ˃ʾʭʨʸʹ ʳʰʬʨˆʲʨ ʫʨ
ˀʬʳʫʬʪʰ ʹʰʺʿʭʬʩʰʯ ʳʰʳʨʸʯʨ.
ˀʰʴʨ-ʨʸʹʰ: ʫˈʸʰʺʨʸʨˀʺʸʨ ʫʨʩʨʫʬʩʰʯ ʩʸʳʨ ʰʿʵ. ʹʨʳ˄ʻˆʨʸʵʫ, ʳʨʹ
ʹʻʲʰʬʸʰ ˅ʭʸʬʺʰʹ ʻʴʨʸʰ˂ ʫʨˀʸʬʺʰʲʰ ˈʽʵʴʫʨ. ʯʨʭʨʫ ʳˀʭʬʴʰʭʸʨʫ
ʰ˂ʵʫʨ, ʸʵʳ ʳʰʹʰ ˀʭʰʲʬʩʰ˂ – ʹˇʻʲʰʹʳʰʬʸ ˂ʵʫʴʨˀʰ ʯʭʨʲʫʨʭʹʰʲʴʰ ʭʬʸʨʹʵʫʬʹ ʳʵʸʰʪʫʬʩʵʫʴʬʴ ʫʨʩʨʫʬʩʰʫʨʴʭʬ ʾʭʯʰʹʳʵʹʨʭ ʶʨʴʫʨʭʬʩʯʨʴ.
ʪʨʴʫʬʪʰʲʵʩʰʹ ˄ʳʰʴʫʨ ʨʫʪʰʲʮʬ ʳʨʯʰ ˀʬʩʳʨ ʨʫʨʸʫʬʩʫʨ ʻʹʰʴʨʯʲʵ
ˆʬʲʰʹʻʼʨʲʹ. ʹʨʴˇʨʰʨʹʨ˂ ʱʨʸʪʨʫ ʬʹʳʵʫʨ ʨʳ ˀʼʵʯʭʨ-ʬ˅ʭʬʩʰʹ ʳʰʮʬʮʰ,
ʨʳʰʺʵʳ ʪʨʨʳˆʴʬʭʨ ʨʭʰʹ ʳʵʳʲʵʫʰʴʬ ʳʬʼʬ ʫʨ ʫʨʨʸ˄ʳʻʴʨ, ʸʵʳ ʳʰʹ ˀʭʰʲʬʩʹ
˄ʳʰʴʫʨ ʨʫʪʰʲʰʹ ˃ʨʲʨ˂ ʱʰ ʭʬʸ ʪʨʻʴʬʲʬʩʫʨ ʩʰ˃ʨˀʭʰʲʬʩʯʨʴ ʩʸ˃ʵʲʰʹ
ʷʰʴʹ. ʹʨʴˇʨʰʨʳ ʨʳ˂ʴʵ ʳʬʼʬʹ, ʸʵʳ ʶʨʴʫʨʭʬʩʰʹ ʹʨʩʸ˃ʵʲʵ ˃ʨʲʬʩʰʹ ˆʰʲʭʰʹ
ˀʬʳʫʬʪ ʳʰʹʳʨ ˃ʬʳ, ʫʻʸʰʵʫˈʨʴʨʳ, ʻʳʨʲ ʳˆʬʫʨʸʯʳʯʨʭʨʸ ʫʸʵʴʨˁʨʸʰʨʹ
ʳʰʨˀʻʸʨ, ʸʨʯʨ ʫʨʯʭʨʲʰʬʸʬʩʰʹ ˀʬʫʬʪʬʩʰ ʳʵʬˆʹʬʴʬʩʰʴʨ ʳʰʹʯʭʰʹ.
2

ʫʻʸʰʵʫˈʨʴʨ ʳʬʼʬʫ ʰ˄ʵʫʬʩʵʫʨ, ʬʸʯʶʰʸʵʭʴʻʲʨʫ ˀʬʬ˃ʲʵ
ʪʨʫʨ˄ʿʭʬʺʰʲʬʩʰʹ ʳʰʾʬʩʨ, ʳʨʪʸʨʳ ˀʬʽʳʴʰʲʰ ʳʫʪʵʳʨʸʬʵʩʰʹ ʪʨʳʵ
ʸˁʬʭʰʹʨʯʭʰʹ ʳʯʨʭʨʸʹʨʸʫʨʲʹ ʳʰʳʨʸʯʨ.
ʨʳʰʯ ˅ʬˀʳʨʸʰʺʰ ʶʵʲʰʺʰʱʵʹʰʹ ʯʭʰʹʬʩʨ ʪʨʳʵʨʭʲʰʴʨ - ʳʨʴ
ʫʰʶʲʵʳʨʺʰʻʸʰ ʹʰʳˀʭʰʫʰʹ ʴʰʾʨʩʰ ʳʵʰʸʪʵ, ʳʨʪʸʨʳ ʶʨʴʫʨʭʬʩʰʹ
ʹʨʩʸ˃ʵʲʵ ʪʨʴʲʨʪʬʩʰʯ ʨʾ˃ʸʻʲ ˀʰˀʹ ʳʨʰʴ˂ ʭʬʸ ʳʨʲʨʭʫʨ.
3) ʵ, ˁʬʳʵ ʳʵ˃ʾʭʨʸʵ, ʯʭʨʲʰ ʳʰʨʶʿʨʸ ʶʨʴʫʻʹ ˃ʬʯʨ ˃ʲʬʭʨʳʵʹʰʲ ʲʨˀʽʨʸʹ,
ʨʹʬ ʻʴʨʸʰʨʴʨʫ ʸʵʳ ʪʨʴʻʲʨʪʬʩʰʨ ˀʬʴ ʪʵʴʰʬʸ ʳʵ˄ʨʼʬʹ - ʫʸʻʶʨʫʨʹ ˃ʬʹ.
ˀʰʴʨ-ʨʸʹʰ: ʫʻʸʰʵʫˈʨʴʨʳ ʨʽʨ˂ ʫʰʶʲʵʳʨʺʰʻʸʨʫ ˀʬʨʶʨʸʨ ʫʰʨʫ ʩʸʨˈʳʨʴ
ʳˆʬʫʨʸʯʳʯʨʭʨʸʹ, ʫʸʵʴʨˁʨʸʰʨʹ, ʳʰʹʰ ˀʬ˂ʫʵʳʬʩʰʹ ˀʬʹʨˆʬʩ.
ʫʸʵʴʨˁʨʸʰʨʹ ʪʨʸʱʭʬʻʲʰ ʶʵʲʰʺʰʱʻʸʰ ʻʯʨʴˆʳʵʬʩʨ ˈʽʵʴʫʨ
ʫʸʻʶʨʫʨʹʯʨʴ – ʨʸˇʻʴʨʹ ˂ʵʲʰʹ, ʫʸʨʻʶʨʫʰʹ, ʳʨʳʨʹʯʨʴ. ʨʳ
ʫʨʶʰʸʰʹʶʰʸʬʩʰʹ ʪʨʳʵ ʫʸʻʶʨʫʨʳ ʫʰʫʰ ʳʹˆʭʬʸʶʲˀʬ˄ʰʸʭʰʹ
˂ʬʸʬʳʵʴʰʨʲʰ ʳʵʨ˄ʿʵ, ʸʰʹʯʭʰʹʨ˂ ʻʮʬʴʨʬʹʰʹʨʪʨʴ ʰʹʬʯʰ ˀʭʰʲʰʹ ˀʬ˃ʬʴʰʹ
ʱʻʸʯˆʬʭʨ ʳʰʰʾʵ, ʸʵʳʬʲʰ˂ ʫʸʵʴʨˁʨʸʰʹ ʳʵʱʭʲʨʹ ˀʬ˃ʲʬʩʫʨ.
ʳˆʬʫʨʸʯʳʨʯʭʨʸʳʨ, ʸʨ ʯʽʳʨ ʻʴʫʨ, ʬʹ ʳˀʭʬʴʰʭʸʨʫ ʻ˄ʿʵʫʨ ʫʨ ʳʨʰʴ˂
ʸʵʪʵʸ˂ ʫʰʫʹʻʲʵʭʨʴʳʨ ʩʸʨˈʳʨʴʳʨ, ʫʸʻʶʨʫʨʹ ˀʭʰʲʹ ʫˈʸʰˀʺʨʫʰʻʳʴʨʹ,
ʸʵ˂ʨ ʰʪʰ ʹʨʳˆʬʫʸʵ ˆʬʲʵʭʴʬʩʰʹ ˀʬʹʨʹ˄ʨʭʲʨʫ ʳʰʨʩʨʸʬʹ, ʻʿʵʿʳʨʴʵʫ
ʪʨʨʴʫʵ ʩʸ˃ʵʲʰʹ ˄ʨʸʳʨʸʯʭʰʹ ʹʨʰʫʻʳʲʵʬʩʨʴʰ. ʨˆʲʨ ʱʰ
ʫˈʸʰˀʺʨʫʰʻʳʴʨʳ ʱʻʸʻʽˀʬʺʸʨʹ ʭʬʲʮʬ ʶʨʴʫʨʭʬʩʹ ʫʨʻ˅ʰʸʨ ʳˆʨʸʰ ʫʨ
ʫʸʵʴʨˁʨʸʰʹʨʪʨʴ ʴʨʹ˄ʨʭʲʰʹ ʱʭʨʲʵʩʨʮʬ ʪʨʴʨ˄ʿʵ ʶʨʴʫʨʭʬʩʰʹ ʹʨʵʳʨʸʰ
ʸʰʪʬʩʰ. ʹ˄ʵʸʬʫ ʨʳ ˀʬ˂ʫʵʳʨʮʬ ʳʰʻʯʰʯʨ ʳʯʨʭʨʸʹʨʸʫʨʲʹ ˀʬʼʨʸʭʰʯ ʫʨ
ʯʨʴ ʪʨʨʼʸʯˆʰʲʨ - ʩʸ˃ʵʲʰʹ ʫʸʵʹ ʳʨʰʴ˂ ʪʨʳʵʬˁʰʴʨ ʹʰʼˆʰʮʲʬ ʫʨ
ʻʫʸʬʱʰ ˆʨʹʰʨʯʰ, ʨʸ ʫʨʬ˃ʲʰʨ ʳʰʹʰ ʪʵʴʬʩʨ ˀʬʳ˄ʿʴʨʸʬʩʲʵʩʨʹ ʶʨʴʫʨʭʬʩʰʹ ʯʻʴʫʨ˂ ʯʨʭʰʹ ʪʨʳʵʮʸʫʰʲʰ ʳʵ˄ʨʼʬʬʩʰʹ - ʳʰʳʨʸʯ. ʳʰʹʰ ʪʨʳʵʸˁʬʻʲʨʫ
ʹʨʿʭʨʸʬʲʰ ʫʨ ʴʰ˅ʰʬʸʰ ˀʬʪʰʸʫʰ ʯʨʭʨʫ ʨʸˇʻʴʨ ʰʿʵ. ʫʻʸʰʵʫˈʨʴʨʹ
ʨʮʸʰʯ, ʩʸ˃ʵʲʨˀʰ ʳʺʸʰʹ ʫʨʴʫʵʩʨʹ ʹʨʱʻʯʨʸʰ ʨʸʳʰʰʹ ʫʨʳʨʸ˂ˆʬʩʨ
ʳʵˈʿʭʬʩʵʫʨ.
4) ʨʳ ʲʨˀʽʨʸˀʰ ʳʸʨʭʨʲʰ ʪʳʰʸʰ ʳˀʭʰʲʫʵʹʨʴʰʨ, ʸʵʳʲʬʩʰ˂ ʩʸ˃ʵʲʨˀʰ
ʩˈʰʳʨʹʨ ʫʨ ʨʸˇʻʴʨʹ ʨʸ ˁʨʳʵʻʭʨʸʫʬʩʰʨʴ. ʳʨʯ ˀʵʸʰʹ ʪʨʳʵʰʸˁʬʭʰʨʴ
ʰʻʰʻʫˈʨʴʨ, ʭʰʸʨʺʨ ʫʨ ʹˆʭʨ ʳʬʵʳʸʬʩʰ – ʫʸʻʶʨʫʨʹ ʺʵʲʹ ʸʵʳ ʨʸ
ʫʨʻʫʬʩʬʴ.
ˀʰʴʨ-ʨʸʹʰ: ʳʨʸʯʨʲʰʨ, ʶʰʸʨʫʨʫ ʫˈʸʰˀʺʨʫʰʻʳʴʨ, ʸʵʪʵʸ˂ ʳʬʩʸ˃ʵʲʰ, ʨʸ
ʰʿʵ ʹʨˀʰˀʰ ʹʨʳˆʬʫʸʵ ˆʬʲʵʭʴʬʩʨˀʰ ʻʫʰʫʬʹʰ ʪʨʳʵ˂ʫʰʲʬʩʰʹ ʳʽʵʴʬ
ʫʸʵʴʨˁʨʸʰʨʹʨʯʭʰʹ, ʳʨʪʸʨʳ ʳʨʹ ʰʹ ʨʼʰʽʸʬʩʫʨ, ʸʵʳ ʳʵ˄ʰʴʨʨʾʳʫʬʪʬʯʨ
ˀʵʸʰʹ ʳʸʨʭʨʲ ʹʨˀʰˀ ʳʬʺʵʽʬʹ ˆʬʫʨʭʫʨ, ʸʵʳʲʬʩʰ˂ ʪʨʳʨʸˇʭʬʩʰʹ ʪʮʨʮʬ
3

ʫʰʫ ʫʨʩʸʱʵʲʬʩʬʩʹ ˀʬʻʽʳʴʰʫʴʬʴ. ʿʵʭʬʲʰ ʳʨʯʪʨʴʰ ʳʰʹʯʭʰʹ ʱʨʸʪʨʫ
˂ʴʵʩʰʲʰ ʩˈʰʳʨʹʨ ʫʨ ʨʸˇʻʴʨʹʨʭʰʯ ʳʨʳʨ˂ʰ ʳʬʵʳʨʸʰ ʫʨ ʫʨˆʬʲʵʭʴʬʩʻʲʰ
ʹʨʳˆʬʫʸʵ ʶʰʸʰ ʰʿʵ.
5) ʨʽ ʨʸʰʨʴ ʫˈʸʰˀʺʨʱʬʺʻʹ, ˁʬʱʰʺʨʴʨʹ, ʱʨˀʰʸʨˇʨʹ, ʶʻʸʻˇʰʺʰʹ,
ʱʻʴʺʰʩˈʵˇʨʹʨ ʫʨ ˀʨʰʩʰʨʹ ʳʹʪʨʭʰʹ ʫʰʨʫʰ, ˃ʲʬʭʨʳʵʹʰʲʰ ʳʬʵʳʸʬʩʰ.
6) ʨʽ ʨʸʰʨʴ ˃ʲʬʭʨʳʵʹʰʲʰ ʳʬʵʳʸʬʩʰ - ʰʻʫˈʨʳʨʴʰʻ ʫʨ ʻʺʺʨʳʨʻˇʨ,
ʹʻʩˈʨʫʸʨʹ ˃ʬ ʫʨ ʫʸʨʻʶʨʫʰʹ ˃ʬʴʰ. ʿʵʭʬʲ ʳʨʯʪʨʴʹ ʬʺʲʰʯ ʩʸ˃ʵʲʰʹ
ʫʰʫʰ ʪʨʳʵ˂ʫʰʲʬʩʨ ˈʽʵʴʫʨ.
7) ʵ, ˀʬʻʫʨʸʬʩʬʲʵ ʩʸʨˈʳʨʴʵ, ʴʬʩʨ ʳʰʩʵ˃ʬ, ˁʭʬʴʰ ʳˆʬʫʨʸʯʳʯʨʭʸʬʩʰʹ
ˀʬʹʨˆʬʩʨ˂
ʳʵʪʨˆʹʬʴʵ. ʰʹʰʴʰ ʪʨʳʵʸˁʬʻʲʰ ʹʨʵʳʨʸʰ ʯʭʰʹʬʩʬʩʰʯ ʨʸʰʨʴ ˀʬʳʱʻʲʴʰ ʫʨ
ʹʨʩʸ˃ʵʲʵ ˃ʨʲʬʩʰʹ ʹʨʸʫʲʵʩʨʹ ˅ʬˀʳʨʸʰʺʨʫ ʰʳʹʨˆʻʸʬʩʬʴ.
8) ʾʰʸʹʬʻʲʯʨʪʨʴ ʻʶʰʸʭʬʲʬʹʨʫ ʪʨʳʵʰʸˁʬʭʰ ˀʬʴ; ˀʬʳʫʬʪ ʩˈʰˀʳʨ, ʱʨʸʴʨ,
ʱʸʰʶʨ, ʨˀʭʨʯˈʨʳʨ, ʭʰʱʨʸʴʨ ʫʨ ʹʵʳʨʫʨʺʰʹ ˃ʬ, ʹʨˆʬʲʨʫ ʩˈʻʸʰˀʸʨʭʨ ʳʵʫʰʹ;
ʯʽʭʬʴ ʵʳʹ ʳʻʫʨʳ ʪʨʳʨʸˇʭʬʩʨ ʹʫʬʭʹ.
ˀʰʴʨ-ʨʸʹʰ: ʫʻʸʰʵʫˈʨʴʨ ʰˆʹʬʴʰʬʩʹ ʪʨʳʵˁʬʴʰʲ ʪʳʰʸʬʩʹ, ʸʵʳʲʬʩʰ˂
ʩʸ˃ʵʲʰʹ ʭʬʲʹ ʳʨʸʨʫ ʪʨʳʨʸˇʭʬʩʻʲʴʰ ʺʵʭʬʩʬʴ. ʭʰʱʨʸʴʨ ʫʻʸʰʵʫˈʨʴʨʹ
ʾʭʰ˃ʲʰ ˃ʳʨʨ, ʨˀʭʨʯˈʨʳʨ – ʫʸʵʴʨˁʨʸʰʨʹ ʭʨʷʰ, ʹʨʻʳʨʫʨʺʺʰ, ʨʴʻ
ʩˈʻʸʰˀʸʨʭʨ ʱʰ ʩʨˈʲʰʱʬʩʰʹ ʳʬʼʰʹ ˀʭʰʲʰʨ. ʱʨʸʴʨ ʨʸˇʻʴʨʹ ʴʨˆʬʭʨʸ˃ʳʨʨ,
ʹʻʴʰʺʰʹ ʴʨˀʵʩʰ, ʹʨʴʨʳ ʬʹ ʻʱʨʴʨʹʱʴʬʲʰ ʳʬʼʬ ʶʨʴʫʻʹ ʪʨˈʿʭʬʩʵʫʨ ˂ʵʲʨʫ.
ʱʸʰʶʨˁʨʸʰʨʹ ˈʿʨʭʫʨ ʺʿʻʶʰʹ˂ʨʲʰ ʫʨ, ʸʵʳʬʲʰ˂ ʫʸʵʴʨˁʨʸʰʨʹ ˂ʵʲʰ ʰʿʵ.
9) ʩʸ˃ʵʲʰʹ ʭʬʲʮʬ ʹʨʵʳʸʨʫ ˀʬʳʨʸʯʻʲʰ ʫʪʨʹ ʳʸʨʭʨʲʰ ʹˆʭʨ ʪʳʰʸʰ˂,
ʸʵʳʲʬʩʰ˂ – ˀʬʹʨʼʬʸʰʹʨʫ ʳ˃ʰʳʬʫ ʨʾ˅ʻʸʭʰʲʴʰ ʫʨ ʹʨʳˆʬʫʸʵ ʹʨʽʳʬˀʰ
ʫʨˆʬʲʵʭʴʬʩʻʲʴʰ - ʳʮʨʫ ʨʸʰʨʴ, ʯʨʭʰ ʪʨ˄ʰʸʵʴ ˁʬʳʯʭʰʹ.
ˀʰʴʨ-ʨʸʹʰ: ʸʨ˂ ˀʬʬˆʬʩʨ ˇʨʰʨʫʸʨʯˈʨʹ, ʱʸʰʺʨʭʨʸʳʨʹ ʫʨ ˀʨʲʰʨʹ, ʰʹʰʴʰ
˂ʵʫʭʰʲ
ʫʻʸʰʵʫˈʨʴʨʹ ʳʰʬʳˆʸʴʬʴ ʫʨ ʨʳʰʯ ʯʨʭʨʫʭʬ ʪʨʫʨ˄ʿʭʰʺʬʹ ʹʨʱʻʯʨʸʰ
ˆʭʬʫʸʰ – ʱʻʸʻʽˀʬʺʸʨʹ ʭʬʲʮʬ ʳʨʯʰ ʫʨʾʻʶʭʨ ʪʨʸʫʻʭʨʲʰ ʰʿʵ.
ʫʻʸʰʵʫˈʨʴʨʹ ʱʰ ʳʬʪʵʩʸʬʩʰʹ ˃ʨʲʯʨ ʬʸʯʵʩʰʹ ʰʳʬʫʰʯ ʹʨʱʻʯʨʸ
ʪʨʳʨʸˇʭʬʩʨˀʰ ʬ˅ʭʰ ʨʸ ʬʶʨʸʬʩʵʫʨ.

4

10) ˁʭʬʴʰ ˃ʨʲʳʵʹʰʲʬʩʨ ʮʾʭʨʸʫʨʻʫʬʩʬʲʰʨ ʫʨ ʨʳʨʹʯʨʴ ʩʨʩʻʨ ʩˈʰˀʳʨ˂
ˁʭʬʴʯʨʴ ʨʸʰʹ, ʶʨʴʫʨʭʬʩʰʹ ˃ʨʲʬʩʰ ʱʰ ˀʬʮʾʻʫʻʲʰʨ, ʯʻʳ˂ʨ ʳʨʯ
ʹʨʪʻʲʫʨʪʻʲʵʫ ʳʼʨʸʭʬʲʵʩʹ ʩˈʰʳʨ.
ˀʰʴʨ-ʨʸʹʰ: ʨʽ ʫʻʸʰʵʫˈʨʴʨ ʬʸʯʳʨʴʬʯʹ ʨʫʨʸʬʩʹ ʩʸ˃ʵʲʰʹ ʨʹʶʨʸʬʮʮʬ
ʯʨʭʳʵʿʸʰʲ ʵʸ ʹʨʶʰʸʰʹʶʰʸʵ ˃ʨʲʨʹ. ʯʨʭʰʹ ʹʨʳˆʬʫʸʵ ˃ʲʰʬʸʬʩʨʹ ʽʬʩʰʯ
ʳʵʰˆʹʬʴʰʬʩʹ ʫʨ ʳʬʺʰʹʳʬʺʨʫ ʨʼʨʹʬʩʹ ʬʸʯʵʩ ʫʨˆʬʲʵʭʴʬʩʻʲʰ ʹʨʳˆʬʫʸʵ
ʶʰʸʰʹ, ʩʨʩʻʨ ʩˈʰˀʳʨʹ, ʯʨʴʨʫʪʵʳʨʹ. ʳʰʹʰ ʨʮʸʰʯ, ʶʨʴʫʨʭʬʩʰ ʭʬʸ
ʫʨʰʱʭʬˆʴʰʨʴ ʯʨʭʰʨʴʯʰ ʹʨʵʳʸʨʫ ʪʨ˄ʿʵʩʰʲʰ ˇʨʸʰʯ, ʯʨʴʨ˂ ʳʨʯʰ
ʳʼʨʸʭʬʲʰ ʩˈʰʳʨ ʪʨʳʵ˂ʫʰʲʬʩʰʯ ʭʬʸ ˀʬʬʫʸʬʩʨ ʱʻʸʻʯʨ ʫʨʳ˂ʭʬʲ
ʩˈʰˀʳʨʹ.
ʫʻʸʰʵʫˈʨʴʨ ʿʵʭʬʲʯʭʰʹ ʳʺʸʵʩʫʨ ʩˈʰʳʨʹ, ʸʨʫʪʨʴ ʰ˂ʵʫʨ, ʪʨʴʪʬʩʰʹ
ʴʬʩʰʯ ʹʰʱʭʫʰʲʰ ʳˆʵʲʵʫ ʳʰʹʰ ˆʬʲʰʯ ʬ˄ʬʸʨ. ʨʳʫʬʴʨʫ, ʩˈʰˀʳʨʹ ʳʵʰʳʬʫʬ
ʯʨʭʰʹ ʪʨʳʨʸˇʭʬʩʨʹ ˄ʰʴʨʹ˄ʨʸ ˀʬˈˆʨʸʵʫʨ ʫʨ ʨʸ˂ʯʻ ʻʹʨʼʻ˃ʭʲʵʫ.
11) ʨˆʲʨ ʿʭʬʲʨ ʪʨʬʳʮʨʫʬʯ, ʸʨʯʨ ʳˆʨʸˀʰ ʨʳʵʭʻʫʪʬʯ ʩˈʰˀʳʨʹ; ʸʵʪʵʸ˂ ʱʰ
ʲʨˀʽʸʰʹ ʸʰʪʬʩʰ ʪʨʬ˄ʿʵʩʨ, ʯʽʭʬʴ ʳʨʯ ˀʻʨˀʰ ʹʺʸʨʺʬʪʰʻʲʰ ʨʫʪʰʲʬʩʰ
ʫʨʰʱʨʭʬʯ.
ˀʰʴʨ-ʨʸʹʰ: ʩˈʰˀʳʨʹ ʹʰʳʨʳʨ˂ʰʹ ʽʬʩʰʯ ʪʻʲʰ ʸʵʳ ʰˇʬʸʨ, - ʫʨʴʨʸˁʬʴ
ʳʬʵʳʸʬʩʹ ʯʨʭʰ ʫʨʳ˂ʰʸʬʩʻʲʨʫ ʸʵʳ ʨʸ ʬʪʸ˃ʴʵʯ, ˁʭʬʻʲ ʬˀʳʨʱʵʩʨʹ
ʳʰʳʨʸʯʨ ʫʨ ʳʵʲʨˀʽʸʬʬʩʹʨ˂ ʯʨʭʰʨʴʯʰ ˄ʰʲʰ ʶʨʺʰʭʰ ʳʰʨʪʵ. ʨʻˆʹʴʨ, ʸʵʳ
ʩˈʰˀʳʨʫʬʭʨ, ʳʨʸʯʨʲʰʨ, ʹ˄ʵʸʻʶʵʭʨʸʰ ʳˆʬʫʨʸʯʳʯʨʭʨʸʰʨ, ʳʨʪʸʨʳ
ˆʨʴʫʨˆʳʻʲʰ ʱʨ˂ʰ ʪʨˆʲʨʭʯ ʫʨ ʳʰʹʰ ʫʨ˂ʭʨ ʿʭʬʲʨʹ ʭʨʲʰʨ. ʯʻ ʩˈʰˀʳʨ
ʩʸ˃ʵʲʨˀʰ ʻˀʻʨʲʵʫ ˁʨʬʩʳʬʵʫʨ, ʳʺʬʸʰ ʨʳʰʯ ʰʹʨʸʪʬʩʲʬʩʫʨ ʫʨ ʳʯʬʲ
ʯʨʭʰʹ ˃ʨʲʨʹ ʳʬʵʸʬ ʼʲʨʴʪʮʬ ʪʨʫʨʰʺʨʴʫʨ. ʨʰ, ʨʽ ʰʿʵ ʹʨ˅ʰʸʵ ʹˆʭʨʯʨ
ʯʨʭʪʨʳʵʫʬʩʨ, ʹʺʸʨʺʬʪʰʻʲʰ ʶʵʮʰ˂ʰʬʩʰʹ ʰʹʬ ʪʨʳʨʪʸʬʩʨ, ʸʵʳ ʳʺʬʸʹ
ʹʨˀʻʨʲʬʩʨ ʨʸ ʳʰʹ˂ʬʳʵʫʨ – ʶʨʴʫʨʭʬʩʰʹ ʪʨʴʲʨʪʬʩʻʲʰ ʸʨʮʳʬʩʰʹ ʸʱʨʲʰ
ʪʨʬʸʾʭʰʨ.
ʫʻʸʰʵʫˈʨʴʨʳ ʰ˂ʵʫʨ, ʸʵʳ ʹʨʱʻʯʨʸʰ ʪʨʳʨʸˇʭʬʩʨ ʫʰʫʨʫ ʰʿʵ
ʫʨʳʵʱʰʫʬʩʻʲʰ ʳˆʬʫʨʸʯʳʯʨʭʨʸ ʩˈʰˀʳʨʫʬʭʨʮʬ, ʫʸʵʴʨˁʨʸʰʨ˂ ʳʨʹ
ʫʨʬˆʳʨʸʬʩʵʫʨ ʫʨ ʨʸʨ ʨʸˇʻʴʨʹ. ʿʭʬʲʨʹ ʱʨʸʪʨʫ ʨˆʹʵʭʫʨ, ʸʵʳ ʸʵʫʬʹʨ˂
ʨʸˇʻʴʨʹ ˂ʵʲʹ, ʫʸʨʻʶʨʫʰʹ, ʳʹʵʼʲʰʵʹ ˂ʴʵʩʰʲ ʳˆʬʫʨʸʯʳʯʨʭʨʸʯʨ
ʯʨʭʿʸʰʲʵʩʨʮʬ ʪʨˀʰˀʭʲʬʩʨʹ ʻʶʰʸʬʩʫʴʬʴ, ʻʳ˄ʬʵ ʽʨʲʰ ʫʨʳʹ˄ʸʬʯ ˀʭʬʲʨʹ
ˀʬʹʯˆʵʭʫʨ, ʳʨʪʸʨʳ ʳʵʹˆʬʴʰʬʩʻʲʳʨ ʵʸʳʨ ʹʨʸʫʨʲʳʨ - ʩˈʰˀʳʨʫʬʭʨʳ ʫʨ
ʫʸʵʴʨˁʨʸʰʨʳ - ʳʰʹ ʫʨʹʨ˂ʨʭʨʫ ʱʸʰʴʺʰ˂ ʨʸ ʫʨ˃ʸʨ.
ʫʻʸʰʵʫˈʨʴʨʹ ˆʨʴʫʨˆʨʴ ʬ˅ʭʰ ʪʨˈʱʸʨʭʫʨ ˆʵʲʳʬ - ʰʽʴʬʩ ʨʳ
ʳˆʬʫʨʸʯʳʯʨʭʸʬʩʹ ʶʨʴʫʨʭʬʩʯʨʴ ˃ʭʬʲʰ ʹʰʿʭʨʸʻʲʰ ʨʱʨʭˀʰʸʬʩʫʨʯ, ʳʨʪʸʨʳ

5

ʨʹʬ˂ ʸʵʳ ʿʵʼʰʲʰʿʵ, ʰʳʬʫʵʭʴʬʩʫʨ, ʰʹʰʴʰ ʨʳ ʪʸ˃ʴʵʩʨʹ ʪʻʲʰʫʨʴ
ʨʳʵʰʪʫʬʩʫʴʬʴ, ʸʨ˂ ʻʱʭʬ ʪʨʳʵʨʭʲʰʴʬʹ ʹʨʶʨʬʽʸʵ ˀʬˆʭʬʫʸʬʩʰʹ ʫʸʵʹ.
12) ʳʨˀʰʴ ʱʻʸʻʯʨ ʫʰʴʨʹʺʰʰʹ ʫʰʫʳʨ ˄ʰʴʨʶʨʸʳʨ - ʳʨʳʨ˂ʳʨ
ʳˆʬʫʨʸʯʳʯʨʭʨʸʳʨ ʩˈʰˀʳʨʳ ˃ʨʲʻʳʨʫ ˁʨˈʩʬʸʨ ʯʨʭʰʹ ʴʰʷʨʸʰʹ ʹʨʿʭʰʸʹ ʫʨ
ʲʵʳʰʭʰʯ ʪʸʪʭʰʴʭʨ-ʾʸʰʨʲʰ ʫʨʨ˄ʿʬʩʰʴʨ. ʨʳ ˆʳʨʳ ʹʰˆʨʸʻʲʰʯ ʨʾʨʭʹʵ
ʫʻʸʰʵʫˈʨʴʨʹ ʪʻʲʰ.
ˀʰʴʨ-ʨʸʹʰ: ʱʻʸʻʯʨ ʳʵʫʪʳʰʹ ʳʨʳʨʳʯʨʭʨʸʹ ʬʹʳʵʫʨ ʯʨʭʰʹʰ ˀʭʰʲʰˀʭʰʲʰʹ,
ʫʻʸʰʵʫˈʨʴʨʹ, ʨʮʸʯʨ ˅ʰʫʰʲʰ ʫʨ ˀʼʵʯʭʨ. ʬ˄ʨʫʨ ʳʰʹʯʭʰʹ
ʪʨʳʨʳˆʴʬʭʬʩʬʲʰ ʸʨʳ ʬʯʽʭʨ, ʳʨʪʸʨʳ ʯʨʭʨʫ ʲʵʳʰʹ ʫʨʸʳʨ ʴʰʷʨʸʨ ʲʵʳʰʭʰʯ
ʨʨʾʸʰʨʲʨ ʫʨ ʨʳʰʯ ʹʰʳʩʵʲʻʸʨʫ ʨʳ˂ʴʵ ʫʨʳ˄ʻˆʸʬʩʻʲ ʫʻʸʰʵʫˈʨʴʨʹ,
ʸʵʳ ʨʳ ʩʸ˃ʵʲʨˀʰ ʳʰʹʰ ʳʨʸ˂ˆʰ ʪʨʸʫʻʭʨʲʰ ʰʿʵ - ʶʨʴʫʨʭʬʩʰʹ ʳˆʨʸʬʹ
ʯʭʰʯ ʻʮʬʴʨʬʹʰ ʻʼʨʲʰ ʱʸʰˀʴʨ ʰʫʪʨ.
ʳʰʻˆʬʫʨʭʨʫ ˄ʰʴʨʹ˄ʨʸʪʨʴ˄ʰʸʻʲʰ ʩʸ˃ʵʲʰʹʨ ʩˈʰˀʳʨ ˈʶʰʸʫʬʩʵʫʨ, ʸʵʳ
ʯʨʭʰʹ ʭʨʲʹ ʶʰʸʴʨʯʲʨʫ ʳʵʰˆʫʰʫʨ ʫʨ ʱʻʸʻʯʨ ʳˆʨʸʬʹ ʯʨʭʫʨʻʮʵʪʨʭʨʫ
ʰʩʸ˃ʵʲʬʩʫʨ.
13) ʨʳ ʪʻʲʰʹˀʬʳ˃ʭʸʬʲ ʾʸʰʨʲʹ ʳʵˈʿʭʨ ʻʨʳʸʨʭʰ ʴʰʷʨʸʰʹ, ʫʨʼʫʨʼʰʹ,
ʩʻʱʰʹ, ʹʨʿʭʰʸʰʹʨ ʫʨ ʫʻʳʩʻʲʰʹ ʿʻʸʰʹ˄ʨʳʾʬʩʰ ʪʸʪʭʰʴʭʨ.
14) ʳʵʶʰʸʫʨʶʰʸʬ ʳˆʨʸʬʹʨ˂ ʯʬʯʸʵʴʰ ˈʻʴʬʬʩʰʯ ˀʬʩʳʻʲ ʬʺʲˀʰ ʳʹˆʫʵʳʳʨ
ʱʸʰˀʴʨʳ ʫʨ ʨʸˇʻʴʨʳ ʯʨʭʰʨʴʯ ʺʸʨʴʹ˂ʬʴʫʬʴʺʻʲ (ʾʭʯʰʻʸ) ʴʰʷʨʸʬʩʹ
ˁʨˈʩʬʸʬʹ.
ˀʰʴʨ-ʨʸʹʰ: ʩˈʰˀʳʨʫʬʭʨʹ ʴʰʷʨʸʰʹʨʪʨʴ ʪʨʴʹˆʭʨʭʬʩʰʯ ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹʨ ʫʨ ʨʸˇʻʴʨʹ
ʴʰʷʨʸʬʩʰ ʺʸʨʴʹ˂ʬʴʫʬʴʺʻʲʨʫ ʰ˄ʵʫʬʩʨ. ʨʳ ʻʱʨʴʨʹʱʴʬʲʯʨ ʾʭʯʰʻʸʰ
ˆʳʰʨʴʵʩʨ ʰʳʨʹ ʨʻ˄ʿʬʩʫʨ ʿʭʬʲʨʹ, ʸʵʳ ʱʻʸʻʬʩʹ ʪʨʳʨʸˇʭʬʩʰʹ ʰʳʬʫʰ ʨʸ
ʻʴʫʨ ˈʽʵʴʵʫʨʯ - ʻʮʬʴʨʬʹʰ ˆʵʳ ʶʨʴʫʨʭʬʩʰʹ ʳˆʨʸʬʹ ʰʿʵ! “ˇʨʰʨʹ ʺʻ
ʶʨʴʫʻ ʶʻʺʸʨʴʨʳ ʰʬˀʨ ʶʨʽˀʬ ˇʨʴʨʸʫʨʴʨ.” ʶʨʴʫʻʹ ˀʯʨʳʵʳʨʭʨʲʯ ʫʨ ʳʨʯ
ʳʹʪʨʭʹ ʳʬʵʳʸʬʩʹ ʳʨʸʨʫʰ ʪʨʳʨʸˇʭʬʩʨ ʨˆʲʨʭʯ, ʸʨʫʪʨʴ ʻʼʨʲʰ ʱʸʰˀʴʨ
ʯʨʭʰʹ ʬʸʯʪʻʲʯ ʪʨʴʹʨ˂ʫʬʲˀʰ ʨʸ ʺʵʭʬʩʹ - ʪʨʴʻʿʸʬʲʨʫ ʳʨʸʨʫ ʳʨʯʯʨʴ
ʳʿʵʼʰʨ. ʳʨʯ ʩʬʫʰʹ ʽʨʲʾʳʬʸʯʰ˂ ʨʸ ʨˀʵʸʬʩʹ ʳʵ˄ʿʨʲʬ ʯʭʨʲʹ. ʨʳʰʺʵʳ
ʨʻ˄ʿʬʩʫʨ ʽʭʬʿʴʰʬʸʬʩʨʹ ʭʰˀʴʻʹ ʴʰʷʨʸʨ ʨʸˇʻʴʨʹ ʪʨʳʨʸˇʭʬʩʨʹ ʫʨ
ʱʻʸʯˆʬʻʲ ʩʬʫ-ʰʾʩʨʲʹ.
ʬʺʲʰ, ʸʵʳʬʲˀʰ˂ ʻʼʨʲʰ ʫʨ ʨʸˇʻʴʨ ʰʹˆʫʴʬʴ, ʨʸˇʻʴʨʹ ʨʪʴʰʳ
(˂ʬ˂ˆʲʰʹ ʽʨʲʾʳʬʸʯʳʨ) ʨˁʻʽʨ. ʬʹ ʱʰ ʰʳʨʹ ʴʰˀʴʨʭʹ, ʸʵʳ ʨʳ ʾʭʯʰʻʸ ʬʺʲʹ
ʹʨʳʰ ʹʨʳʿʨʸʵʹ ʱʰʫʬʪʨʴˀʰ ʴʬʩʰʹʳʰʬʸʰ ʳʰ˄ʰʹ ʫʨʶʿʸʵʩʨ ˀʬʬ˃ʲʵ.

6

16) ʻʼʨʲʳʨ ʱʸʰˀʴʨʳ ʨʴʻ ˈʸʰˀʰʱʬˀʨʳ, ˁʨˈʩʬʸʨ ʯʨʭʰʹ ʴʰʷʨʸʨʹ, ʸʵʳʬʲʹʨ˂
ʶʨʴˁʨˇʨʴʰʨ ʬʸʽʭʨ, ʨʸˇʻʴʨʳ ʱʰ - ʫˈʨʴʨʴˇʨʰʨʳ - ʯʨʭʰʹʨʹ, ʸʵʳʬʲʰ˂
ʫʬʭʨʫʨʺʨʫ ʰ˄ʵʫʬʩʨ. ʩˈʰʳʨʳ, ʫʬʭʪʳʰʸʻʲʰ ʯʨʭʪʨʫʨʹʨʭʲʬʩʰʯ
ʪʨʻʳʨ˃ʾʨʸʳʨ, ʯʨʭʰʹʰ ʮʨʸʫʨʳ˂ʬʳʰ ʴʰʷʨʸʨ, ʨʴʻ ʶʨʻʴʫʸʨ ʨʨʪʻʪʻʴʨ.
ˀʰʴʨ-ʨʸʹʰ: ʨʳ ʲʬʽʹˀʰ ʱʸʰˀʴʨ ˈʸʰˀʰʱʬˀʨʫʨʨ ʳʵˆʹʬʴʰʬʩʻʲʰ. ʬʹ ʹʰʺʿʭʨ
"ʪʸ˃ʴʵʩʨʯʨ ʪʨʳʸʰʪʬʹ" ʴʰˀʴʨʭʹ. ʭʰʴʨʰʫʨʴ ʿʭʬʲʨ ʹʻʲʫʪʳʻʲʰ ʻʼʲʰʹʨʪʨʴ
ʪʨʴʻʿʵʼʬʲʰʨ, ʻʮʬʴʨʬʹʰʹ ʪʸ˃ʴʵʩʬʩʰ˂ ʳʨʯʰ ʪʸ˃ʴʵʩʬʩʰʹ ʳʵʳ˂ʭʬʲʰʨ.
ʰʳʶʬʸʹʵʴʨʲʰʹʺ ʳʱʭʲʬʭʨʸʬʩʹ ˂ʵ˂ˆʨʲʰ ʨʸʹʬʩʬʩʰʹ ʪʸ˃ʴʵʩʨʯʨ ʨˆʹʴʨ ʨʸ
ˀʬʻ˃ʲʰʨʯ, ʨʳʰʺʵʳ ˂ʫʰʲʵʩʬʴ, ʫʨʨʳʺʱʰ˂ʵʴ, ʸʵʳ ʹʻʲʰʬʸʰ ʨʸʹʬʩʨʴʰ
ʻʶʰʸʵʭʴʵʨ, ʳʵʱʲʬʩʻʲʰʨ ʪʸ˃ʴʵʩʬʩʹ.
ʻʼʨʲʰ ʿʵʭʬʲʰ ˂ʵ˂ˆʨʲʰ ʨʸʹʬʩʰʹ ʪʻʲˀʰ ʹʻʼʬʭʹ ʫʨ ʯʨʭʰʹʰ
ʯʨʴʨʳʿʵʼʵʩʰʯ ˄ʨʸʳʨʸʯʨʭʹ ʳʨʯ ʽ˂ʬʭʨʹ, ʼʰʽʸʹʨ ʯʻ ʪʸ˃ʴʵʩʬʩʹ. ʳʨʪʸʨʳ ʬʹ
ˆʫʬʩʨ ʰʳʰʹ ʳʰˆʬʫʭʰʯ, ʯʻ ˂ʵ˂ˆʨʲʰ ʨʸʹʬʩʨ ʸʵʪʵʸ ʳʰʬʴʫʵʩʨ ʻʮʬʴʨʬʹ
ʪʨʳʸʰʪʬʹ. ˄ʳʰʴʫʨ ʬʸʯʪʻʲʴʰ ʩʵʲʵʳʫʬ, ʳʯʬʲʰ ʨʸʹʬʩʰʯ ʨʸʰʨʴ
ʳʰʴʫʵʩʰʲʴʰ ʻʼʨʲʮʬ ʫʨ ʻʼʨʲʰ˂ ʻˀʻʨʲʵʫ ʳʨʸʯʨʭʹ ʳʨʯ.
ʱʻʸʻʽˀʬʺʸʨʹ ʩʸ˃ʵʲʰʹ ʭʬʲʮʬ ʰʪʰ ʯʨʭʨʫ ʪʨʴʨʪʬʩʫʨ ʨʸˇʻʴʨʹ
ʺʸʨʴʹ˂ʬʴʫʬʴʺʻʸ ʪʸ˃ʴʵʩʬʩʹ. ʨʳʰʺʵʳ ʮʵʪˇʬʸ ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ ʳʵʰˆʹʬʴʰʬʩʬʴ
ˈʸʰˀʰʱʬˀʨʫ.
ʹˆʭʨʫʨʹˆʭʨ ʪʨʸʬʳʵʬʩʰʹʨ ʯʻ ʹʨʽʳʰʨʴʵʩʰʹ ˀʬʹʨʩʨʳʰʹʨʫ ʻʼʨʲʹ
ʹˆʭʨʫʨʹˆʭʨ ʹʨˆʬʲʹ ʨʸʽʳʬʭʬʴ. ʳʨʪʨʲʰʯʨʫ, ʳʨʹ ˈʽʭʰʨ ʳʨʫˈʻʹʻʫʨʴʨ - ʫʬʳʵʴ
ʳʨʫˈʻʹ ʳʱʭʲʬʲʰ; ʪʵʭʰʴʫʨ, ʭʰʴʨʰʫʨʴ ʹʰʨʳʵʭʴʬʩʨʹ ʨʴʰ˅ʬʩʹ ˃ʸʵˆʬʩʹ ʫʨ
ʪʸ˃ʴʵʩʨʯʨ ʪʨʳʸʰʪʬʨ; ʭʨʹʻʫʬʭʨ, ʸʨʫʪʨʴ ʨʳ ʹʨʳʿʨʸʵʹ ʭʨʹʻʫʬʭʨʹ ˀʭʰʲʨʫ
ʳʵʬʭʲʰʴʨ; ʫʬʭʨʱʰ-ʴʨʴʫʨʴʨ, ʭʰʴʨʰʫʨʴ ʭʸʰʴʫʨʭʨʴˀʰ ʫʬʭʨʱʰ ʾʭʰ˃ʲ ʫʬʫʨʫ
ʨʾʰʨʸʨ; ʰʨˀʵʫʨ-ʴʨʴʫʨʴʨ, ʸʨʱʰ ʭʸʰʴʫʨʭʨʴˀʰ ʩʨʭˀʭʵʩʰʹ ʪʨʸʯʵʩʬʩʰʹ ʫʸʵʹ
ʫʨʨʹʨˁʻʽʸʨ ʰʨˀʵʫʨ... ʩʵʲʵʹ ʳʨʹ ʳʵʰˆʹʬʴʰʬʩʬʴ ʸʵʪʵʸ˂ ʶʨʸʯˈʨ-ʹʨʸʨʯˈʰʹ
- ʨʸˇʻʴʨʹ ʳʬʬʺʲʬʹ. ʹ˄ʵʸʬʫ ʨʹʬʭʬ, ˁʨʳʵʯʭʲʰʲ ʳʨʪʨʲʰʯʯʨ ʳʹʪʨʭʹʨʫ,
ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ ʻ˄ʵʫʬʩʬʴ ˈʸʰˀʰʱʬˀʨʹ, ʸʨʫʪʨʴ ʰʪʰ ʻ˃ʾʭʬʩʵʫʨ ʨʸˇʻʴʨʹ
ʳʵʹ˄ʸʨʼʬʩʬʩʹʨ ʫʨ ˃ʨʲʳʵʹʰʲʬʩʨʹ ʱʻʸʻʽˀʬʺʸʨʹ ʩʸ˃ʵʲʰʹ ʭʬʲʮʬ.
ʨʳʨʭʬ ʲʬʽʹˀʰ ʨʸˇʻʴʨ ʳʵˆʹʬʴʰʬʩʻʲʰʨ, ʸʵʪʵʸ˂ ʫˈʨʴʨʴˇʨʰʨ. ʬʹ ʹʨˆʬʲʰ
ʳʨʹ ʬ˄ʵʫʨ ˀʬʳʫʬʪʴʨʰʸʨʫ: ʰʪʰ ʬˆʳʨʸʬʩʵʫʨ ʽʵʴʬʩʰʹ ʫʨʪʸʵʭʬʩʨˀʰ ʯʨʭʰ
ʻʼʸʵʹ ˃ʳʨʹ, ʸʵʳʬʲʹʨ˂ ʫʰʫʰ ˆʨʸˇʰ ʫʨʹ˅ʰʸʫʨ ʹˆʭʨʫʨʹˆʭʨ
ʳʹˆʭʬʸʶʲˀʬ˄ʰʸʭʰʹ ˁʨʹʨʺʨʸʬʩʲʨʫ. ʨʸˇʻʴʨʹ ʨʳʰʺʵʳʨ˂ ʫʨʨʸʽʭʬʹ
ʫˈʨʴʨʴˇʨʰʨ - "ʽʵʴʬʩʰʹ ʫʨʳʪʸʵʭʬʩʬʲʰ".
ʩˈʰʳʨ ˂ʴʵʩʰʲʰ ʰʿʵ, ʸʵʪʵʸ˂ ʭʸʰʱʵʫʨʸʨ, ʸʨʱʰ ˀʬʬ˃ʲʵ ˃ʨʲʰʨʴ ʩʬʭʸʰ
ʬ˅ʨʳʨ, ʳʵʬʱʸʰʩʨ ˃ʨʲʨ ʫʨ ʫʬʭʪʳʰʸʻʲʰ ʹʨʽʳʬʬʩʰ ˁʨʬʫʰʴʨ (ʯʻʴʫʨ˂ ʫʬʳʵʴ
ˈʰʫʰʳʩʨʹ ʳʵʱʭʲʨ).
ʶʨʴʫʨʭʬʩʰʹ ʳʵʳˆʸʬʯʨ ʳʰʬʸ ʨʪʻʪʻʴʬʩʻʲʰ ʿʵʭʬʲʰ ʴʰʷʨʸʨ - ʫʨ˄ʿʬʩʻʲʰ
ʻʼʲʰʹ ʴʰʷʨʸʰʯ – ʳˆʴʬʵʩʨʹ ˈʳʨʺʬʩʫʨ ʩʸ˃ʵʲʰʹ ʭʬʲʮʬ ˀʬʱʸʬʩʰʲ
7

ʳʬʵʳʸʬʩʹ. ʳʨʯʯʨʴ ʰʿʭʴʬʴ ʯʨʭʨʫ ʻʮʬʴʨʬʹʰ ʻʼʨʲʰ ʫʨ ʩʬʫʰʹ
ʽʨʲʾʳʬʸʯʰ...
ʱʻʸʻʯʨʯʭʰʹ ʹʨʩʬʫʰʹ˄ʬʸʵʫ ʾʸʰʨʲʬʩʫʴʬʴ ʴʰʷʨʸʬʩʰ - ʫʨ ʨʳ˂ʴʵʩʫʴʬʴ,
ʸʵʳ ʰʹʰʴʰ ʪʨʴ˄ʰʸʻʲʴʰ ʰʿʭʴʬʴ ʫʨʹʨʳʨʸ˂ˆʬʩʲʨʫ.
16-18) ʱʻʴʺʰʹ ˃ʬʳ - ʳʬʼʬ ʰʻʫˈʰˀʯˈʰʸʨʳ ˁʨˈʩʬʸʨ ʯʨʭʰʹ ʴʰʷʨʸʨʹ ʨʴʨʴʺʨʭʰˇʨʰʨʹ, ʴʨʱʻʲʨʳ ʫʨ ʹʨˈʨʫʬʭʨʳʨ˂ - ʹʻʪˈʵˀʨʹʨ ʫʨ ʳʨʴʰʶʻˀʶʨʱʨʹ.
ˁʨʻʽʳʨ ʳˀʭʰʲʫʵʹʨʴʳʨ, ʱʨˀʰʹ ʳʬʼʬʳ ˀʰʽˈʨʴʫʰʳ, ʫˈʸʰˀʺʨʫʰʻʳʴʨʳ,
ʭʰʸʨʺʨʳ, ʫʨʻʳʨʸ˂ˆʬʩʬʲʳʨ ʹʨʺʰʱʰʳ, ʫʸʻʶʨʫʨʳ, ʫʸʨʻʶʨʫʰʹ
ʭʨʷʰˀʭʰʲʬʩʳʨ ʫʨ ʹˆʭʬʩʳʨ, ʹʻʩˈʨʫʸʨʹ ʳˆʨʸʪʸ˃ʬʲʳʨ ˃ʬʳ, ʵ ʳʬʼʬʵ, ʸʨ
˃ʨʲʰʯ ʨʨˆʳʰʨʴʬʹ ʯʨʭʰʨʴʯʰ ʴʰʷʨʸʬʩʰ?!
ˀʰʴʨ-ʨʸʹʰ: ʹʨʴˇʨʰʨʳ ʳʵʸʰʫʬʩʰʯ ʨʻˆʹʴʨ ʳʬʼʬ ʫˈʸʰʺʨʸʨˀʺʸʨʹ, ʸʵʳ ʳʰʹʰ
ʳ˂ʫʬʲʵʩʨ ʶʨʴʫʻʹ ˀʯʨʳʵʳʨʭʨʲʯʨ ʳʵʺʿʻʬʩʰʯ ʹʨʱʻʯʨʸʰ ˀʭʰʲʬʩʰʹ
ʹʨˆʬʲʳ˄ʰʼʵ ʺʨˆʺʮʬ ʫʨʳʱʭʰʫʸʬʩʨ – ʨʸʨʱʬʯʰʲʪʵʴʰʭʸʻʲʰ ʰʿʵ.
ʳʸʨʭʨʲʰ ʸʨʳ ʻʱʭʬ ʨˀʱʨʸʨʫ ʳʰʻʯʰʯʬʩʫʨ, ʸʵʳ ʨʳ ʫʰʫ ʩʸ˃ʵʲʨˀʰ
ʨʳʵ˄ʿʫʬʩʵʫʨ ʱʻʸʻʯʨ ʳʯʬʲʰ ʹʨʪʭʨʸʬʻʲʵ ʳʵʫʪʳʨ - ʫʨ˄ʿʬʩʻʲʰ ʩʨʩʻʨ
ʩˈʰˀʳʨʯʰ, ʫʨʳʯʨʭʸʬʩʻʲʰ ˀʭʰʲʰˀʭʰʲʬʩʰʯ, ʸʵʪʵʸʬʩʰ˂ ʰʿʭʴʬʴ
ʨʩˈʰʳʨʴʰʻ ʫʨ ʹˆʭʬʩʰ – ʳʹʵʼʲʰʵʹ ʹˆʭʨʫʨʹˆʭʨ ʳʬʼʬʯʨ ˁʨʯʭʲʰʯ.
ʬʸʯʰ ʹʰʺʿʭʰʯ, ʱʻʸʻʯʨ ʫʰʴʨʹʺʰʨ ʪʨʴ˄ʰʸʻʲʰ ʰʿʵ. ʳʯʬʲʰ ʨʳ
ʻʩʬʫʻʸʬʩʰʹ ʳʰʮʬʮʰ ʰʿʵ ʳʬʼʬ ʫˈʸʰʺʨʸʨˀʺʸʨ, ʸʨʫʪʨʴʨ˂ ʰʪʰ ʯʨʭʰʹʰ
ˀʭʰʲʬʩʰʹ ʪʨʴʫʰʫʬʩʰʹ ˂ʵʫʭʰʲ ʪʮʨʹ ʨʫʪʨ.
19) ʨʳ ʴʰʷʨʸʬʩʰʹ ʬʸʯʵʩʲʰʭʰ ˆʳʬʩʰ ʹʳʬʴʰʹ˄ʨʳʾʬʩ ʪʸʪʭʰʴʭʨ-ʪʸʰʨʲˀʰ
ʪʨʫʨʰʮʨʸʫʨ, ˂ʨ ʫʨ ʫʬʫʨʳʰ˄ʨ ˀʬʨʸʿʰʨ ʫʨ ʫˈʸʰʺʨʸʨˀʺʸʨʹ ˃ʬʯʨ ʪʻʲʬʩʰ˂
ˀʬ˃ʸʨ.
ˀʰʴʨ-ʨʸʹʰ: ʩˈʰʳʨʹʨ ʫʨ ʫʻʸʰʵʫˈʨʴʨʹ ʹˆʭʨ ʳʵʳˆʸʬʯʨ ʴʰʷʨʸʬʩʰʹ ˆʳʨʮʬ
ʶʨʴʫʨʭʬʩʰ ʨʸ ˀʬʳʱʸʯʨʲʨʴ - ʨʹʬʯʰ ʸʨʳ ʨʸʹʨʫ ʨʸʰʹ ʨʾʴʰˀʴʻʲʰ.
ʹʨʳʨʪʰʬʸʵʫ, ʨʳ ʲʬʽʹˀʰ ˆʨʮʪʨʹʳʻʲʰʨ, ʸʵʳ ʶʨʴʫʨʭʬʩʰʹ ʳˆʸʰʫʨʴ
ʴʰʨʾʭʨʸʰʭʰʯ ʳʵʭʨʸʫʴʰʲʳʨ ʪʻʪʻʴʳʨ ʫˈʸʰʺʨʸʨˀʺʸʨʹ ʭʨʷʬʩʹʨ ʫʨ ʳʨʯ
ʳʵʳˆʸʬʬʩʹ ʯʨʭʮʨʸʰ ʫʨʹ˂ʨ. ʨʳʰʹ ʳʰʮʬʮʰ ʰʿʵ ʶʨʴʫʨʭʬʩʰʹ ˃ʨʲʳʵʹʰʲʬʩʨ,
ʸʨʹʨ˂ ʳʨʯ ʻʼʨʲʰ ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹʨʫʳʰ ʸ˄ʳʬʴʨ ʻʴʬʸʪʨʭʫʨ ʫʨ ʪʨʴʻʳʺʱʰ˂ʬʩʫʨ.
˅ʬˀʳʨʸʰʺʬʩʨʨ - ʭʰʴ˂ ʻʮʬʴʨʬʹʹ ˀʬʨʼʨʸʨ ʯʨʭʰ, ʻʫʰʫʬʹʰ ʪʨʴʹʨ˂ʫʬʲʰʹ
ʫʸʵʹʨ˂ ʱʰ ʨʸ ʫʸʱʬʩʨ.
20) ʨʳ ʫʸʵʹ ʶʨʴʫʻʹ ˃ʬʳ - ʨʸˇʻʴʨʳ, ʸʵʳʲʰʹ ʬʺʲʮʬ˂ ˈʨʴʻʳʨʴʰʹ
ʪʨʳʵʹʨˆʻʲʬʩʰʨʴʰ ʫʸʵˀʨ ʨʾʳʨʸʯʻʲʰʿʵ, ʳˀʭʰʲʫʰ ʪʨʨ˄ʿʵ ʫʨ
ʹʨʺʿʵʸ˂ʴʨʫ ʳʵʮʰʫʨ. ʯʨʴʨ˂, ʵ, ʳʬʼʬʵ, ʸʵʪʵʸ˂ ʱʰ ʯʭʨʲʰ ʳʵʨʭʲʵ ʳʺʸʰʹ
ʫʨ˄ʿʵʩʰʲ ʸʰʪʬʩʹ, ʨʹʬ ʳʰˈʳʨʸʯʨ ʻʼʨʲʹ.
8

ˀʰʴʨ-ʨʸʹʰ: ʩʸ˃ʵʲʨ ʰʹ-ʰʹ ʰʿʵ, ʻʴʫʨ ʫʨ˄ʿʬʩʻʲʰʿʵ, ʸʵʳ ʱʻʸʻʹ
ˀʯʨʳʵʳʨʭʨʲʴʰ ʬʸʯˆʬʲ ʱʰʫʬʭ ʫʨʼʰʽʸʫʴʬʴ ʯʨʭʰʨʴʯ ˃ʨʲʬʩʮʬ ʫʨ
ˀʬˀʼʵʯʫʴʬʴ, ʸʨʫʪʨʴ ʳʨʯ ˄ʰʴ ʹʨʵʳʸʨʫ ʪʨ˄ʿʵʩʰʲ ʶʨʴʫʨʭʬʩʹ ʯʭʨʲʰ
ˈʱʰʫʬʹ. ʬʹ ʨʹʬ˂ ʻʴʫʨ ʳʵʳˆʫʨʸʰʿʵ, ʸʨʱʰ ʨʳ ʻʱʨʴʨʹʱʴʬʲʯ ʯʨʭʨʫ ʱʸʰˀʴʨ
ʳʬʯʨʻʸʵʩʫʨ. ʨʸˇʻʴʨʹ ʫʸʵˀʨʮʬ ˈʨʴʻʳʨʴʰʹ ʬʳʩʲʬʳʨ˂ ʪʨʳʨʸˇʭʬʩʰʹ
ʳʨʻ˄ʿʬʩʬʲʰ ʱʰʫʬʭ ʬʸʯʰ ʴʰˀʨʴʰ ʰʿʵ. ˂ʴʵʩʰʲʰʨ, ʸʵʳ ˈʨʴʻʳʨʴʰ ʻʼʨʲ
ʸʨʳʨʹ ʬˆʳʨʸʬʩʵʫʨ ʸʨʭʨʴʨʹʯʨʴ ʩʸ˃ʵʲʨˀʰ ʫʨ ʪʨʳʨʸˇʭʬʩʨ˂ ʳʵʰʶʵʭʨ. ʨˆʲʨ
ʱʰ ʻʼʨʲʰ ʸʨʳʨ, ʨʴʻ ʱʸʰˀʴʨ, ʫʨ ˈʨʴʻʳʨʴʰ˂ ʨʸˇʻʴʨʹ ʬʺʲˀʰ
ʩʸ˃ʨʴʫʬʩʵʫʴʬʴ.
ʹʨʫʨ˂ ʨʸ ʻʴʫʨ ʰʿʵʹ ʻʮʬʴʨʬʹʰ ʻʼʨʲʰ, ʳʨʹʯʨʴ ʨʸʰʨʴ ʳʰʹʰ ʪʨʴʻʿʸʬʲʰ,
ʳʨʸʨʫʰʻʲʰ ʳʹʨˆʻʸʰ ˈʨʴʻʳʨʴʰ ʫʨ ʳʰʹʰ ʳʨʸʨʫʰʻʲʰ ʳʬʻʾʲʬ ʹʰʺʨ ʩʬʫʰʹ ʽʨʲʾʳʬʸʯʰ. ʨʳʰʺʵʳ ʨʸˇʻʴʨʹ ʨʸʨʭʰʯʨʸʰ ʹʨʩʨʩʰ ʨʸ ˈʽʵʴʫʨ, ʳʺʸʰʹ
˃ʨʲʨʹ ˀʬʬˀʰʴʬʩʰʴʨ ʰʪʰ - ʳʨʹʯʨʴ ˆʵʳ ʯʨʭʨʫ ʱʸʰˀʴʨ ʰʿʵ! ʳʯʨʭʨʸʰ ʰʿʵ,
ʨʸˇʻʴʨʹ ʩʸ˃ʵʲʰʹ ˄ʰʴ ʫʨ ˀʬʱʸʬʩʰʹ ʫʸʵʹʨ˂ ʹ˄ʵʸʰ ʨʸˁʬʭʨʴʰ ʪʨʬʱʬʯʬʩʰʴʨ.
ʪʨʳʨʸˇʭʬʩʨ ʱʰ ʪʨʸʫʻʭʨʲʰ ʰʿʵ, ʸʨʫʪʨʴʨ˂ ʻʼʨʲʰ ʯʨʭʰʹ ʳʨʸʨʫʰʻʲ
ʬʸʯʪʻʲʹ ʹʨʨʳʰʹʵ ˃ʨʲʨʹ ʳʰʹ˂ʬʳʫʨ.
21-22) ʨʸˇʻʴʨʳ ʹʯˆʵʭʨ ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ: ʵ ʨˁʰʻʺʨ - ʻ˂ʫʵʳʬʲʵ, ʪʯˆʵʭ, ʬʺʲʰʯ
ʪʨʳʰʿʭʨʴʬ ʹʨʵʳʸʨʫ ʪʨ˄ʿʵʩʰʲ ʵʸ ʲʨˀʽʨʸʹ ˀʵʸʰʹ, ʸʨʯʨ ʨˆʲʵʹ ʭʰˆʰʲʵ
ʩʸ˃ʵʲʨʹ ʳʵ˄ʿʻʸʬʩʻʲʰ ʳʬʵʳʸʬʩʰ, ʸʵʳʲʬʩʯʨʴʨ˂ ʳʵʳʰ˄ʬʭʹ
ʫʨʻʴʫʵʩʬʲʰ ʵʳʰ.
ˀʰʴʨ-ʨʸʹʰ: ʯʻʳ˂ ʻʼʨʲʰ ʱʸʰˀʴʨ ʻʮʬʴʨʬʹʰ ʾʳʸʯʨʬʩʸʰʭʰ ʶʰʸʵʭʴʬʩʨʨ,
ʯʨʭʰʹʰ ʻʳʰʮʬʮʵ ˄ʿʨʲʵʩʰʯ ʹʨʱʻʯʨʸ ʳʬʪʵʩʨʸʹ ʳʹʨˆʻʸʨʫ ʫʨʻʫʪʨ.
ʻʴʨʱʲʵʨ ʳʰʹʰ ʹʨʹʰʿʭʨʸʻʲʵ ʻʸʯʰʬʸʯʵʩʨ ʹʨʱʻʯʨʸ ʬʸʯʪʻʲʬʩʯʨʴ! ʳʨʹ,
ʸʵʪʵʸ˂ ʳʬʬʺʲʬʹ, ʨʸˇʻʴʨʹ ʩʸ˃ʨʴʬʩʬʩʰ ʮʻʹʺʨʫ ʻʴʫʨ ˀʬʬʹʸʻʲʬʩʰʴʨ.
ʨʹʬ˂ ʰʽ˂ʬʵʫʨ, ʨʳʰʺʵʳʨ˂ ʲʬʽʹˀʰ "ʻ˂ʫʵʳʬʲʰʹ" - ʨˁʰʻʺʨʹ ʹʨˆʬʲʰʯ
ʰˆʹʬʴʰʬʩʨ.
ʳʨʸʯʨʲʰʨ, ʻʼʨʲʰ ʯʨʭʰʹʰ ʬʸʯʪʻʲʰʹ ʬʺʲˀʰ ʰʫʪʨ, ʸʵʪʵʸ˂ ʳʹʨˆʻʸʰ,
ʳʨʪʸʨʳ ʪʨʴʨ ʸʨʰʳʬ ʬ˅ʭʹ ʨʾ˃ʸʨʭʹ, ʸʵʳ ʰʹ ʨʽʨ˂ ʫʨ ʴʬʩʰʹʳʰʬʸ ʭʰʯʨʸʬʩʨˀʰ˂
ʸˁʬʩʨ ʻʮʬʴʨʬʹʨʫ – ʾʳʸʯʨʬʩʸʰʭ ʶʰʸʵʭʴʬʩʨʫ, ˈʸʰˀʰʱʬˀʨʫ - ʿʭʬʲʨ
ʹʻʲʫʪʳʻʲʰʹ ʪʸ˃ʴʵʩʨʯʨ ʳʬʻʼʬʫ. ʻʸʯʰʬʸʯʵʩʨ ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹʨ ʫʨ ʳʰʹ
ʬʸʯʪʻʲʯ ˀʵʸʰʹ ʻʮʨʫʵʫ ʴʬʺʨʸʰ ʫʨ ʾʭʯʨʬʩʸʰʭʰʨ. ʬʸʯʪʻʲʰ ʳʨʸʨʫ
ʳʰʹʰ ˄ʳʰʴʫʨ ʳʹʨˆʻʸʬʩʰʹʯʭʰʹʨʨ ʳʮʨʫ ʫʨ ʻʼʨʲʰ˂ ʨʸʨʹʵʫʬʹ ʺʵʭʬʩʹ ʳʨʹ
ʪʨʴʹʨ˂ʫʬʲˀʰ. ʻʼʸʵ ʳʬʺʰ˂ – ʳʨʹ ʻʼʸʵ ʹʰʨʳʵʭʴʬʩʹ, ʸʵ˂ʨ ʬʸʯʪʻʲʰʹ
ʹʻʸʭʰʲʬʩʹʨ ʫʨ ʳʰʯʰʯʬʩʬʩʹ ʨʹʸʻʲʬʩʹ, ʭʰʫʸʬ ʯʨʭʨʫ ʳʩʸ˃ʨʴʬʩʲʵʩʫʬʹ.
ʳʨʹ ʬʹ ʨʸ˂ ʹ˅ʰʸʫʬʩʨ - ʯʨʭʨʫ ʿʵʭʲʰʹʳʶʿʸʵʩʬʲʹ ʯʨʭʰʹʯʨʭʨʫ ʿʭʬʲʨ
ʬʳʵʸˁʰʲʬʩʨ, ʨʸʨʭʰʴ ʨʾʬʳʨʺʬʩʨ ʳʨʹ ʫʨ ʭʬʸ˂ ʳʰʹʰ ʳʩʸ˃ʨʴʬʩʲʵʩʰʹ
9

ʪʨʲʨʭʨʴʹ ʪʨʨʸʾʭʬʭʹ. ʳʨʪʸʨʳ ʯʨʭʨʫ ʯʨʭʰʹʰ ʾʭʯʰʻʸʰ ʪʻʲʳʵ˄ʿʨʲʬʩʰʹ
ʪʨʳʵ, ʸʵʫʬʹʨ˂ ʬʸʯʪʻʲʰʹ ʯˆʵʭʴʨʹ ʨʴ ʳʰʯʰʯʬʩʨʹ ʨʹʸʻʲʬʩʹ, ʰʪʰ
ʺʸʨʴʹ˂ʬʴʫʬʴʺʻʸʰ ʴʬʺʨʸʬʩʰʯ ʨʾʰʭʹʬʩʨ.
ʸʵʪʵʸ˂ ʻʼʲʰʹ ˄ʳʰʴʫʨ ʬʸʯʪʻʲʹ, ʨʸˇʻʴʨʹ ʹʨʬʸʯʵʫ ʨʸ ʬ˄ʨʫʨ ʾʭʰ˃ʲ
˃ʳʬʩʯʨʴ ʫʨ ʩʰ˃ʨˀʭʰʲʬʩʯʨʴ ʩʸ˃ʵʲʨ, ʳʨʪʸʨʳ ʻˆʰʨʪʰ ʫʻʸʰʵʫˈʨʴʨʹ ʪʨʳʵ,
ʸʵʳʬʲʰ˂ ˇʰʻʺʨʫ ʻʨʸʿʵʼʫʨ ʸʨʰʳʬ ʳˀʭʰʫʵʩʰʨʴ ʳʵʸʰʪʬʩʨʹ,
ʰ˃ʻʲʬʩʻʲʰ ʪʨˆʫʨ ʹʨʵʳʸʨʫ ʨʾ˅ʻʸʭʰʲʰʿʵ.
ʨʰ, ʨˆʲʨ ʹʨʵʳʨʸʰ ʬʺʲʰʯ ʰʫʪʨ ʵʸ ʲʨˀʽʨʸʹ ˀʵʸʰʹ ʫʨ ʬʸʯʰ ʹʻʲʰ
ˈʽʵʴʫʨ, ʯʭʨʲʰ ˀʬʬʭʲʵ ʩʸ˃ʵʲʰʹ ʭʬʲʮʬ ʪʨʳʵʹʻʲʰ ʳʬʯʨʻʸʬʩʰʹʨʯʭʰʹ.
ʯʻʳ˂ ʹʨʳʱʭʫʸʵ-ʹʨʹʰ˂ʵ˂ˆʲʵ ˀʬʺʨʱʬʩʰʹ ˄ʰʴ ˀʬʸʰʪʬʩʨʮʬ ʼʰʽʸʰ˂ ʨʸ
ˀʬʰ˃ʲʬʩʵʫʨ, ʨʸˇʻʴʨʹ ˀʬʪʴʬʩʨˀʰ ʳʨʰʴ˂ ʾʭʰʵʫʨ ʰʳʬʫʰʹ ʴʨʶʬʸ˄ʱʨʲʰ ʰʽʴʬʩ ʳʵ˄ʰʴʨʨʾʳʫʬʪʬ˂ ʿʵʿʳʨʴʵʩʫʨ ˃ʳʨʯʨʳʱʭʲʬʲʰ ʵʳʰʹ ˄ʰʴ.
23) ʻʴʫʨ ʹʨʱʻʯʨʸʰ ʯʭʨʲʰʯ ʭʰˆʰʲʵ ʰʹʰʴʰ, ʭʰʴ˂ ʹʨʩʸ˃ʵʲʭʬʲʨʫ
ˀʬʳʨʸʯʻʲʨʴ, ʸʨʯʨ ʨʹʰʨʳʵʭʴʵʴ ʫˈʸʰʺʨʺʨˀʺʸʨʹ ʩʵʸʵʺ ʴʨˀʰʬʸʹ.
ˀʰʴʨ-ʨʸʹʰ: ʨʾʨʸʨʭʰʹʨʯʭʰʹ ʰʿʵ ʹʨʰʫʻʳʲʵ, ʸʵʳ ʫʻʸʰʵʫˈʨʴʨ ʳʨʳʨʳʰʹʯʨʴ
- ʫˈʸʰʺʨʸʨˀʺʸʨʹʯʨʴ ʬʸʯʨʫ ʨ˄ʿʵʩʫʨ ʳʮʨʱʭʨʸ ʪʬʪʳʬʩʹ, ʸʨʯʨ ʶʨʴʫʨʭʬʩʰʹ
ʱʻʯʭʴʰʲ ʹʨʳʬʼʵ ʺʨˆʺʹ ʻʱʨʴʵʴʵʫ ʫʨˈʶʨʺʸʵʴʬʩʵʫʴʬʴ. ʸʨ ʯʽʳʨ ʻʴʫʨ,
ʭʰʴ˂ ʳʨʯ ʳʰʬʳˆʸʵ, ʳʨʯʰʭʬ ʿʨʰʫʰʹ ˆʨʲˆʰ ʻʴʫʨ ʿʵʼʰʲʰʿʵ. ʹ˄ʵʸʬʫ ʳʨʯʰ
ʴʨˆʭʨ ʬ˄ʨʫʨ ʨʸˇʻʴʨʹ ʩʸ˃ʵʲʰʹ ˄ʰʴ; ʨʳ ʫʸʵʹ ʰʹ ˀʬʯʨʴˆʳʬʩʨʮʬ ʨʸ˂
ʼʰʽʸʵʩʫʨ. ʳʨʯʰ ʯʭʨʲʰʹ ʪʨʫʨʭʲʬʩʰʯ ʳʵ˄ʰʴʨʨʾʳʫʬʪʰʹ ˃ʨʲʬʩʰʹ
ˀʬʼʨʹʬʩʨ˂ ʻʴʫʵʫʨ, ʯʻʳ˂ ʬ˅ʭʰ ʨʸ ʬʶʨʸʬʩʵʫʨ ʹʨʱʻʯʨʸ ʪʨʳʨʸˇʭʬʩʨˀʰ ʱʸʰˀʴʨ ʳʨʹʯʨʴ ʰʿʵ!
24) ʹʨʴˇʨʰʨʳ ʪʨʴʨʪʸ˃ʵ: ʵ ʩˈʨʸʨʺʨʹ ˀʯʨʳʵʳʨʭʨʲʵ, ʨʸˇʻʴʨʹ ʨʳ ʯˆʵʭʴʰʹ
ˀʬʳʫʬʪ ʻʼʨʲʳʨ ʱʸʰˀʴʨʳ ʯʨʭʰʹʰ ʹ˄ʵʸʻʶʵʭʨʸʰ ʬʺʲʰ ʹʨʵʳʸʨʫ
ʪʨʴʲʨʪʬʩʻʲ ʹʶʨʯʨ ˀʻʨ ʪʨʰʿʭʨʴʨ.
ˀʰʴʨ-ʨʸʹʰ: ʨʳ ʲʬʽʹˀʰ ʨʸˇʻʴʨ ʪʻʫʨʱʬˀʨʫ ʰˆʹʬʴʰʬʩʨ. ʪʻʫʨʱʬˀʨ ʴʰˀʴʨʭʹ
˃ʰʲʹ. ʭʰʴ˂ ˃ʰʲʹ ʨʳʨʸ˂ˆʬʩʹ, ʪʻʫʨʱʬˀʨʹ ʬ˃ʨˆʰʨʴ. ˃ʰʲʰ ʻʪʻʴʻʸʬʩʰʹ,
ʳʵʫʻʴʬʩʰʹ ʴʰˀʨʴʰ˂ ʨʸʰʹ. ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹʯʨʴ ʳʬʪʵʩʸʵʩʰʯ ʨʸˇʻʴʨʳ ˀʬ˃ʲʵ
ʫʨʬ˃ʲʰʨ ˃ʰʲʰ˂ ʫʨ ʻʪʻʴʻʸʬʩʨ˂. ʸʵʪʵʸ˂ ʻʼʲʰʹ ʶʰʸʻʯʭʴʬʲ
ʬʸʯʪʻʲʹ, ʳʨʹ ˄ʨʳʰʯʨ˂ ʨʸ ʨʳʵʭʨʸʫʴʰʨ ʪʻʲʰʹʿʻʸʰʫʨʴ ʻʼʨʲʰ – ʨʹʬʯʰʨ
˅ʬˀʳʨʸʰʺʰ ʳʹʨˆʻʸʰʹ ʨʸʹʰ. ˃ʰʲˀʰ ʯʻ ˂ˆʨʫˀʰ ʰʪʰ ʳʻʫʨʳ ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ
ʹʨˆʬʲʮʬ, ʼʵʸʳʬʩʮʬ, ʯʭʰʹʬʩʬʩʹʨ ʫʨ ʪʨʸʯʵʩʬʩʮʬ ʼʰʽʸʵʩʫʨ, ʸʰʯʨ˂
˃ʰʲʹʨ ʫʨ ʻʨʮʸʵ, ʻʪʻʴʻʸ ʿʵʼʴʨʹ ʨʳʨʸ˂ˆʬʩʫʨ. ʨʳʨʹ ʬ˄ʵʫʬʩʨ ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ
˂ʴʵʩʰʬʸʬʩʨ, ʨʴʻ ʹʨʳʨʫˈʰ.

10

ʸʵʪʵʸ˂ ˈʸʰˀʰʱʬˀʨʳ - ʿʵʭʬʲʰ ʹʻʲʫʪʳʻʲʰʹ ʪʸ˃ʴʵʩʨʯʨ ʫʨ ˅ʱʻʰʹ
ʳʶʿʸʵʩʬʲʳʨ - ʰ˂ʵʫʨ, ʸʨʺʵʳ ʹʯˆʵʭʨ ʨʸˇʻʴʨʳ ʬʺʲʰʯ ʲʨˀʽʨʸʯʨ ˀʵʸʰʹ
ʪʨʿʭʨʴʨ. ʳʨʴ ʯˆʵʭʴʨ ˀʬʻʹʸʻʲʨ ʯʨʭʰʹ ʬʸʯʪʻʲʹ.
25) ʩˈʰˀʳʨʹ, ʫʸʵʴʨʹ ʫʨ ʹʨʳʿʨʸʵˀʰ ʹʨˆʬʲʪʨʴʯʽʳʻʲʰ ʹʨʸʫʲʬʩʰʹ
ʪʨʹʨʪʵʴʨʫ ʻʼʨʲʳʨ ʻʯˆʸʨ ʨʸˇʻʴʨʹ: ʯʭʨʲʴʰ ʳʰʨʶʿʨʸ, ʶʨʸʯˈʨ! ˆʬʫʨʭ,
ʸʵʪʵʸ ˀʬʿʸʰʲʨ ʬʸʯʨʫ ʱʻʸʻʹ ʳʯʬʲʰ ʳʵʫʪʳʨ.
ˀʰʴʨ-ʨʸʹʰ: ʸʵʪʵʸ˂ ʿʵʭʬʲʰ ˂ʵ˂ˆʨʲʰ ʨʸʹʬʩʰʹ ʮʬʹʻʲʹ, ʻʼʨʲ ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ
ʬʹʳʵʫʨ, ʸʨʹ ʪʨʴʰ˂ʫʰʫʨ ʨʴ ʸʨ ʨʼʰʽʸʬʩʫʨ ʨʸˇʻʴʨʹ. ʨʽ ʴʨˆʳʨʸʰ ʹʰʺʿʭʨ
ˈʸʰˀʰʱʬˀʨ˂ ʨʳʨʮʬ ʳʰʻʯʰʯʬʩʹ – ʰʪʰ ˆʵʳ ʿʵʭʲʰʹʳ˂ʵʫʴʬ
ʪʻʲʯʨʳˆʰʲʨʭʰʨ!
ʹʨʿʻʸʨʫʾʬʩʵʨ ʨʸˇʻʴʨʹʯʨʴ ʫʨʱʨʭˀʰʸʬʩʻʲʰ ʹʰʺʿʭʨ ʶʨʸʯˈʨ - ʰʪʰ ʱʻʴʺʰʹ
ˀʭʰʲʰ ʫʨ ʭʨʹʻʫʬʭʨʹ ʫʰʹ˄ʻʲʰʨ. ʬ.ʰ. ʱʸʰˀʴʨ ʨʸˇʻʴʨʹ ʳʬʪʵʩʨʸʰ˂ ʨʸʰʹ ʫʨ
ʴʨʯʬʹʨʭʰ˂ – ʳʨʳʰʫʨˀʭʰʲʨʫ ʬʱʻʯʭʴʰʹ ʯʨʭʰʹʰ ʬʸʯʪʻʲʰ; ʨʳʰʺʵʳʨ˂
ʫʨʯʨʴˆʳʫʨ, ʿʵʼʰʲʰʿʵ ʳʰʹʰ ʳʬʬʺʲʬ.
ʸʨʹ ʪʻʲʰʹˆʳʵʩʫʨ ʻʼʨʲʰ, ʸʵ˂ʨ ʨʸˇʻʴʨʹ ʿʻʸʨʫʾʬʩʨʹ ʳʰʨʶʿʸʵʩʫʨ
ʩʸ˃ʵʲʰʹ ʭʬʲʮʬ ʪʨʴʲʨʪʬʩʻʲʰ ʳʵ˄ʰʴʨʨʾʳʫʬʪʰʹ ʸʨʮʳʬʩʮʬ - "ˀʬˆʬʫʬ, ʨʽ
ʱʻʸʻʹ ʳʯʬʲʰ ʳʵʫʪʳʨʨʵ". ʰʽʴʬʩ ʹʻʸʫʨ ʨʸˇʻʴʨ ˀʬʬˁʬʸʬʩʰʴʨ, ˆʬʲʰ
ʨʬʾʬʩʰʴʬʩʰʴʨ ˃ʳʨʯʨʳʱʭʲʬʲ ʵʳʮʬ?! ʨʸʨ! ʱʸʰˀʴʨ ʨʸ˂ ʳʵʬʲʵʫʨ ʯʨʭʰʹʰ
ʳʨʳʰʫʨˀʭʰʲʰʹʨʪʨʴ ʨʳʪʭʨʸ ʹʨʽ˂ʰʬʲʹ. ʸʨ ʰʿʵ ʬʹ? ʰʽʴʬʩ ʳʬʪʵʩʸʻʲʰ
ʪʨˆʻʳʸʬʩʨ, ʸʨʱʰ ʰ˂ʵʫʨ, ʸʵʳ ʨʸˇʻʴʨʹ ʹ˄ʵʸʬʫ ʱʻʸʻʯʨ ʯʨʭʿʸʰʲʵʩʨ
ʬ˂ʬʳʵʫʨ ʯʭʨʲˀʰ ʫʨ ʯʨʭʨʫ ʳʰʻʯʰʯʨ ʳʨʯʮʬ.
26) ʰʽ, ʹʶʨʯʨ ʪʨʹʨʿʨʸʮʬ ʳʫʪʨʸʳʨ ʳʰʳʵʰˆʬʫʨ ʫʨ ʵʸʰʭʬ ʳˆʨʸʬʹ ʯʨʭʰʹʰ
ʩʨʩʻʬʩʰ, ʳʵ˃ʾʭʨʸʴʰ, ʫʬʫʰʹ ˃ʳʬʩʰ; ˃ʳʬʩʰ ʫʨ ˃ʳʰʹˀʭʰʲʬʩʰ,
ˀʭʰʲʰˀʭʰʲʬʩʰ, ʳʬʪʵʩʸʬʩʰ ʫʨ ʹˆʭʨ ʨˆʲʵʩʲʬʩʰ ʫʨʰʴʨˆʨ.
ˀʰʴʨ-ʨʸʹʰ: ʩʸ˃ʵʲʰʹ ʭʬʲʮʬ ʨʸˇʻʴʨʹ ʳʯʬʲʰ ʯʨʭʰʹʰ ʴʨʯʬʹʨʵʩʨ ʫʨˆʭʫʨ.
ʨʽ ʰʿʵ
ʩˈʻʸʰˀʸʨʭʨ, ʸʵʳʬʲʰ˂ ʳʨʳʨʳʰʹʰʹ ʯʨʴʨʺʵʲʰ ʰʿʵ, ʩʨʩʻʬʩʰ - ʩˈʰˀʳʨ ʫʨ
ʹʵʳʨʫʨʺʨ, ʳʵ˃ʾʭʸʬʩʰ - ʫʸʵʴʨˁʨʸʰʨ ʫʨ ʱʸʰʶʨˁʨʸʰʨ, ʩʰ˃ʬʩʰ ʫʬʫʰʹ
ʳˆʸʰʫʨʴ - ˀʨʲʰʨ ʫʨ ˀʨʱʻʴʰ, ˃ʳʬʩʰ, ʸʵʪʵʸʰ˂ ʰʿʵ ʫʻʸʰʵʫˈʨʴʨ, ˀʭʰʲʬʩʰ
- ʲʨʽˀʳʨʴʨ, ʳʬʪʵʩʸʬʩʰ - ʨˀʭʨʺʯˈʨʳʨ, ʱʬʯʰʲʰʹʳʹʻʸʭʬʲʬʩʰ - ʱʸʰʺʨʭʨʸʳʨ
ʫʨ ʨ.ˀ. ʰʪʰ ˆʬʫʨʭʫʨ ʸʨʮʳʬʩʹʨ˂, ʸʵʳʬʲˀʰ˂ ʩʬʭʸʰ ʳʰʹʰ ʳʬʪʵʩʨʸʰ ʬʸʰʨ.
27) ʨʳʫʬʴʰ ʳʬʪʵʩʸʰʹ ʫʨ ʴʨʯʬʹʨʭʰʹ ˆʰʲʭʨʳ ʱʻʴʺʰʹ ˀʭʰʲʰ
ʹʰʩʸʨʲʻʲʰʯ ʨʾʨʭʹʵ
ʫʨ ʳʨʴ ʯʽʭʨ.
11

28) ʨʸˇʻʴʨʳ ʯʽʭʨ: ˁʬʳʹ ˄ʰʴʨˀʬ ʳʫʪʵʳʰ ʩʸ˃ʵʲʰʹ ʷʰʴʰʯ ˀʬʶʿʸʵʩʰʲʰ
ʳʬʪʵʩʸʬʩʰʹʨ ʫʨ ʴʨʯʬʹʨʭʬʩʰʹ ˀʬʳʿʻʸʬʹ ʳʻˆʲʬʩʰ ʳʬʱʭʬʯʬʩʨ ʫʨ ʶʰʸʰ
ʳʰˀʸʬʩʨ.
ˀʰʴʨ-ʨʸʹʰ: ʻʼʲʰʹ ʿʭʬʲʨ ʪʻʲ˄ʸʼʬʲʰ ʬʸʯʪʻʲʰ ʮʬ˂ʰʻʸʰ (ʾʭʯʰʻʸʰ)
ʨʸʹʬʩʬʩʰʹ – ʴʨˆʬʭʨʸʾʳʬʸʯʬʩʰʹ ʾʰʸʹʬʩʬʩʹ ʼʲʵʩʹ, ʨʸʨʬʸʯʪʻʲʴʰ ʱʰ,
ʸʨʪʰʴʫ ʫʰʫ ʳʰ˄ʰʬʸ ˄ʨʸʳʨʺʬʩʬʩʹ ʨʾ˄ʬʭʫʴʬʴ ʪʨʴʨʯʲʬʩʰʹ, ʱʻʲʺʻʸʰʹ
ʯʻ ʳʬ˂ʴʰʬʸʬʩʰʹ ʸʵʳʬʲʰʳʬ ʹʼʬʸʵˀʰ, ʾʭʯʰʻʸ ʳʨʫʲʹ ʳʵʱʲʬʩʻʲʴʰ
ʨʸʰʨʴ. ʸʵ˂ʨ ʨʸˇʻʴʨʳ ʩʸ˃ʵʲʰʹ ʭʬʲʮʬ ʬʸʯʳʨʴʬʯʰʹ ʹʰʹˆʲʹ
ʫʨˆʨʸʩʬʩʻʲʰ ʴʨʯʬʹʨʭʬʩʰ ʫʨ ʨˆʲʵʩʲʬʩʰ ʰˆʰʲʨ, ʳʨˀʰʴʭʬ ʹʰʴʨʴʻʲʳʨ ʫʨ
ʯʨʴʨʪʸ˃ʴʵʩʨʳ ˀʬ˃ʸʨ ʳʰʹʰ ʩʻʴʬʩʨ. ʳʨʹ ʯʨʭʰʹʰ ʳʬʵʳʸʬʩʰʹ ˆʭʬʫʸʰ
ʯʨʭʰʫʨʴʭʬ ʨ˄ʻˆʬʩʫʨ, ʪʻʲʰ ˀʬʹʺʱʰʵʫʨ ʳʨʯʮʬ, ʳʨʪʸʨʳ ʳʵ˄ʰʴʨʨʾʳʫʬʪʰʹ
ʳʬʩʸ˃ʵʲʬʩʰ˂ ˀʬʬ˂ʵʫʨ, ʪʨʸʫʻʭʨʲʰ ʹʰʱʭʫʰʲʰʹ ʲʻʱʳʨʫ ʸʵʳ ʻʴʫʨ
ʽ˂ʬʻʲʰʿʭʴʬʴ ˂ʵʺʨ ˆʨʴˀʰ. ˆʬʲ-ʼʬˆʰ ʨʻʱʨʴʱʨʲʫʨ ʫʨ ʶʰʸʰ ʪʨʻˀʸʨ.
ʳʨʹ ʯʨʭʮʨʸʰ ʫʨʹ˂ʨ ʹʨʵʳʸʨʫ ʪʨʳʵʹʻʲʰ ʨʫʨʳʰʨʴʬʩʰʹ ʹʰʹˆʲʰʯ ʫʨ
ˆʵʸ˂ʰʯ ʬʸʯʳʨʴʬʯʰʹ ʴʨʯʬʹʨʭʬʩʰʹ ʹʨʩʸ˃ʵʲʵ ˀʬʳʨʸʯʬʩʨʳ. ʹ˄ʵʸʬʫ ʨʳʨʴ
ˀʬʨ˃ʸ˄ʻʴʨ ʻʼʲʰʹ ʬʸʯʪʻʲʰ, ʹʰʱʬʯʰʯ ʹʨʭʹʬ ʨʸˇʻʴʨ. ʨʫʭʰʲʰ
˄ʨʸʳʵʹʨʫʪʬʴʰʨ, ʸʵʳ ʳʨʹ ʨʸʨ ʳʨʸʺʵ ˆʬʲ-ʼʬˆʰ ʻʯʸʯʵʫʨ ʫʨ ʶʰʸʰ
ʻˀʸʬʩʵʫʨ, ʨʲʩʨʯ, ʹʰʩʸʨʲʻʲʰʹ ˂ʸʬʳʲʬʩʹʨ˂ ʾʭʸʰʫʨ. ʳʨʪʸʨʳ ʬʹ
ˆʫʬʩʵʫʨ ʨʸʨ ʳʰʹʰ ʻʴʨʸʰʨʴʵʩʰʹʨ ʫʨ ʹʰʹʻʹʺʰʹ, ʨʸʨʳʬʫ ʨʫʨʳʰʨʴʻʸʰ
ʪʻʲˁʭʰʲʵʩʰʹ ʪʨʳʵ. ʨʰ, ʬʹ ʨʸʰʹ ˄ʳʰʴʫʨ ʬʸʯʪʻʲʰʹ ʯʭʰʹʬʩʨ.
ʴʨʯʽʭʨʳʰʨ "ʾʳʸʯʨʬʩʸʰʭʰ ʶʰʸʵʭʴʬʩʰʹ ʶʰʸʻʯʭʴʬʲʰ ʬʸʯʪʻʲʰ
ʴʨˆʬʭʨʸʾʳʬʸʯʬʩʰʹʨʯʭʰʹ ʫʨʳʨˆʨʹʰʨʯʬʩʬʲʰ ʿʭʬʲʨ ʱʨʸʪʰ ʯʭʰʹʬʩʰʯʨʨ
ˀʬʳʱʻʲʰ, ˆʵʲʵ ʰʹ, ʭʰʴ˂ ʻʼʲʰʹ ʳʹʨˆʻʸʬʩʨʹ ʪʨʻʸʩʰʹ, ʳˆʵʲʵʫ ʳʰ˄ʰʬʸ
ʹ˄ʸʨʼʭʨʯʨ ʳʵʴʨʨ ʫʨ ʨʸʨʭʰʯʨʸʰ ʹʻʲʰʬʸʰ ʾʰʸʹʬʩʨ ʨʸ ʪʨʨˁʴʰʨ.” ʨʳʰʹ
ʳʰʮʬʮʰ ʰʹ ʨʸʰʹ, ʸʵʳ ʨʹʬʯʰ ʱʨ˂ʰ ʴʰʨʫʨʪ ʨʳʽʭʬʿʴʰʻʸ ˄ʸʬʩʸʻʴʭʨˀʰ
ʫʨʬˆʬʺʬʩʨ ʫʨ ʳˆʵʲʵʫ ʯʭʨʲʰʹʳʵʳˆʸʬʲʰ ʳʨ˂ʫʻʸʰ ʳʰ˄ʰʬʸʰ
(ʳʨʺʬʸʰʨʲʻʸʰ) ʬʴʬʸʪʰʨ ʰʮʰʫʨʭʹ" (ʩˈʨʪ. 5.18.12).
29) ʳʯʬʲʰ ʹˆʬʻʲʰ ʳʰʱʨʴʱʨʲʬʩʹ ʫʨ ʱʨʴʰ ʳʰˆʻʸʹ, ʯʳʬʩʰ ʿʨʲʿʮʬ ʳʰʫʪʬʩʨ,
ʳˀʭʰʲʫʰ ʪʨʴʫʰʭʨ ˆʬʲʰʫʨʴ ʳʰʭʨʸʫʬʩʨ.
ˀʰʴʨ-ʨʸʹʰ: ʨʫʨʳʰʨʴʹ ʹˆʬʻʲʰ ʻʱʨʴʱʨʲʬʩʹ ʫʨ ʯʳʨ ʿʨʲʿʮʬ ʻʫʪʬʩʨ ʨʴ
ʳ˃ʨʼʸʰ ʹʻʲʰʬʸʰ ʨʾʺʿʰʴʬʩʰʹ ʨʴ ˃ʲʰʬʸʰ ˀʰˀʰʹ ʫʸʵʹ. ʺʸʨʴʹ˂ʬʴʫʬʴʺʻʸʰ
ˀʬʳʬ˂ʴʬʩʰʹ ʪʮʨʮʬ ˀʰˀʰ ʨʸ ʪʨʴʰ˂ʫʬʩʨ, ʳʨʹ ʳˆʵʲʵʫ ʳʰ˄ʰʬʸʰ ʶʰʸʵʩʬʩʰʯ
ʪʨʳʵ˄ʭʬʻʲʰ ʬʲʫʨ ʪʨʴʨ˂ʫʬʭʰʴʬʩʹ ʱʨ˂ʹ. ʨʳ ˀʬʳʯˆʭʬʭʨˀʰ ʨʸˇʻʴʨʹ ˀʰˀʰ
ʨˆʲʵʩʬʲʯʨ ʹʰ˂ʵ˂ˆʲʰʹ ʳʵʹʨʲʵʫʴʬʲʰ ˆʬʲʿʵʼʰʯ ʨʸʰʹ ʪʨʳʵ˄ʭʬʻʲʰ.
ʳʰʹʰ ʪʨʴ˂ʫʨ ʰʳʫʬʴʨʫ ˃ʲʰʬʸʰ ʰʿʵ, ʸʵʳ ʨʯʸʯʵʲʬʩʻʲʰ ˆʬʲʬʩʰʫʨʴ
ʳˀʭʰʲʫʰ ʪʨʴʫʰʭʨ ʻʭʨʸʫʬʩʵʫʨ. ʪʨʴʹʨ˂ʫʬʲʰʹ ʳʵʲʵʫʰʴˀʰ ʪʻʲʰ
12

ʬ˄ʭʵʫʨ ʫʨ ʳʰʹ ʱʨʴʮʬ˂ ʬʹ ʳ˄ʭʬʲʰ ʪʨʴ˂ʫʨ ʪʨʫʨʫʰʵʫʨ. ʬʹ ˀʬʪʸ˃ʴʬʩʬʩʰ
ʹʰ˂ʵ˂ˆʲʬʮʬ ʳʨʺʬʸʰʨʲʻʸʰ ˀʬˆʬʫʻʲʬʩʬʩʰʹ ˀʬʫʬʪʰ ʪʨˆʲʫʨʯ.
30) ʵ, ʱʸʰˀʴʨ - ʫʬʳʵʴ ʱʬˀʰʹ ˀʬʳʳʻʹʭʸʬʲʵ! ʨʽ ʪʨˁʬʸʬʩʨ ʨʾʨʸ ˀʬʳʰ˃ʲʰʨ,
ʯʨʭʪʮʨ ʨʩʴʬʻʲʹ ʪʵʴʬʩʨ ʳʬʩʰʴʫʬʩʨ ʫʨ ʯʭʨʲ˄ʰʴ ʳˆʵʲʵʫ ʨʭʩʬʫʰʯʰ
ʪʨʴʹʨ˂ʫʬʲʰ ʳʬʹʨˆʬʩʨ.
ˀʰʨʴ-ʨʸʹʰ: ʨʸˇʻʴʨʹ ʳʵʯʳʰʴʬʩʨ ʨʾʨʸ ˈʿʵʼʴʰʫʨ, ʩʸ˃ʵʲʰʹ ʭʬʲʮʬ ʭʬʾʨʸ
ˁʬʸʫʬʩʵʫʨ, ˅ʱʻʨ ʬʩʰʴʫʬʩʵʫʨ, ʯʨʭʹ ʭʬʸ ʬʸʬʵʫʨ - ʨʹʬʯʰ ˀʼʵʯʭʨʫʸʺʭʰʴʭʰʹ ʳʰʮʬʮʰ ˀʬʳʫʬʪʰ ʸʨʳ ʰʿʵ: ʿʵʭʬʲʰʭʬ ʳʨʺʬʸʰʨʲʻʸʮʬ
ʳʬʺʰʹʳʬʺʨʫ ʳʰˇʨ˅ʭʻʲ ʨʫʨʳʨʴʹ ʨʹʬʯ ʳ˃ʰʳʬ ʳʫʪʵʳʨʸʬʵʩʨˀʰ ʳʵˆʭʬʫʸʰʹʨʹ
ʪʨ˃ʲʬʩʰʹ ʹʻʲʰʬʸʰ ˃ʨʲʨ ʨʸ ˈʿʵʼʴʰʹ. ʩˈʨʰʨ ʫʭʰʺʰʨʩˈʰʴʰʭʰʨʺʨ ʹʰʨʺ
(ʩˈʨʪ. 11.2.37). ˀʰˀʰʹʨʪʨʴ ʫʨʮʨʼʸʻʲʹ ʪʵʴʬʩʨ ʨʾʨʸ ʻ˅ʸʰʹ ʫʨ
˄ʵʴʨʹ˄ʵʸʵʩʨ ʬʱʨʸʪʬʩʨ ʳʨˀʰʴ, ʸʵ˂ʨ ʶʰʸʵʭʴʬʩʨ ˆʵʸ˂ʰʹʳʰʬʸ ʺʿʭʬʵʩʨʹ
ʴʬʩʰʯ ʰʸˁʬʭʹ.
ʨʸˇʻʴʨ ʩʸ˃ʵʲʰʹ ʭʬʲʮʬ - ʵʸʰ ʲʨˀʽʨʸʰʹ ʪʨʹʨʿʨʸʮʬ - ʳʫʪʵʳʰ ʨʻʺʨʴʬʲ
ʺʨʴˇʭʨʹ ʪʨʴʰ˂ʫʰʫʨ. ʰʳʨʹʨ˂ ʪʸ˃ʴʵʩʫʨ, ʸʵʳ ʭʬʸ˂ ʳʺʬʸʮʬ ʪʨʳʨʸˇʭʬʩʰʹ
ˀʬʳʫʬʪ ʰʽʴʬʩʵʫʨ ʩʬʫʴʰʬʸʰ. ʳʴʰˀʭʴʬʲʵʭʨʴʰʨ ʨʳ ʲʬʽʹˀʰ ʹʰʺʿʭʬʩʰ:
ʴʰʳʰʺʺʨʴʰ ʭʰʶʨʸʰʺʨʴʰ – ʸʵʫʬʹʨ˂ ʨʫʨʳʰʨʴʰ ʳʵʳʨʭʨʲˀʰ ʳˆʵʲʵʫ
ʰʳʬʫʬʩʰʹ ʪʨ˂ʸʻʬʩʨʹ ʬʲʰʹ, ʬ˅ʭʰ ʾʸʾʴʰʹ ʳʰʹ ˀʬʪʴʬʩʨʹ – "ʹʨʬʸʯʵʫ ʸʨʺʵʳ
ʭʨʸʹʬʩʵʩ?!" ʨʹʬ ʸ˄ʳʬʴʨʫʨˀʸʬʺʰʲʰ ʳʨˀʰʴ ʨʸʰʹ ʶʰʸʵʭʴʬʩʨ, ʸʵʫʬʹʨ˂
ʳˆʵʲʵʫ ʹʨʱʻʯʨʸ ʱʬʯʰʲʫʾʬʵʩʨʮʬ ʮʸʻʴʨʭʹ, ʳʰʹʰ ʼʰʽʸʰ ʳˆʵʲʵʫ
ʳʰʹʹʨʭʬ ʪʨʸˀʬʳʵ ʺʸʰʨʲʬʩʹ ʫʨ ʨʸ ʨʰʴʺʬʸʬʹʬʩʹ ʻʮʬʴʨʬʹʰ ʾʳʸʯʨʬʩʸʰʭʰ
ʶʰʸʵʭʴʬʩʨ.
ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ ʴʬʩʰʯ, ʨʸˇʻʴʨʳ - ʹʨʵʳʨʸ ʬʺʲʮʬ ʨʾʳʨʸʯʻʲʳʨ - ʪʨʳʵʨʭʲʰʴʨ
ʹʨʱʻʯʨʸʰ ʳʰ˄ʰʬʸʰ ʰʴʺʬʸʬʹʬʩʰʹ ʻʨʮʸʵʩʨ. ʿʵʭʬʲʰ ˂ʵ˂ˆʨʲʰ ʨʸʹʬʩʰʹ
ʼʰʽʸʰ ʭʰˀʴʻʹʱʬʴ, ʨʴʻ ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹʱʬʴ ʻʴʫʨ ʰʿʵʹ ʳʰʶʿʸʵʩʰʲʰ.
ʪʨʴʶʰʸʵʩʬʩʻʲʰ ʹʻʲʹ ʨʭʰ˄ʿʫʬʩʨ ʬʹ ʫʨ ʳʨʺʬʸʰʨʲʻʸʰ ʺʱʰʭʰʲʬʩʰʯ
ʰʺʨʴˇʬʩʨ. ʨʸˇʻʴʨʹ ʰʳʰʹ ʰʳʬʫʰ˂ ʱʰ ʪʨʫʨ˄ʻʸʻʲʰ ˈʽʵʴʫʨ, ʸʵʳ
ʳʺʬʸʯʨ˃ʲʬʭʨ ʹʰˆʨʸʻʲʹ ʳʵʻʺʨʴʫʨ.
31) ʵ, ʹ˄ʵʸʻʶʵʭʨʸʵ ʱʸʰˀʴʨ! ˁʬʳʰ ʪʵʴʬʩʨ ʭʬʸ ʨ˂ʴʵʩʰʬʸʬʩʹ, ʯʻ ʸʨ
ʹʰʱʬʯʬʹ ʳʵʪʭʰʺʨʴʹ ʩʸ˃ʵʲʨˀʰ ʹʨʱʻʯʨʸʰ ʴʨʯʬʹʨʭʬʩʰʹ ʨʳʵˆʵ˂ʭʨ. ʪʨʴʨ
ʨʹʬʯʰ ʻʪʻʴʻʸʬʩʰʹ ˀʬʳʫʬʪ ʸʨʰʳʬ ʼʨʹʰ ʬʽʴʬʩʨ ʪʨʳʨʸˇʭʬʩʨʹ, ʹʨʳʬʼʵ
ˆʬʲʳ˄ʰʼʬʩʨʹ?! ʨʴ ʹʨʬʸʯʵʫ ʹʰʹˆʲʰʨʴʰ ʩʬʫʴʰʬʸʬʩʨ ʪʨʪʵʴʰʲʨ!..
ˀʰʴʨ-ʨʸʹʰ: ˂ʵ˂ˆʨʲʰ ʨʸʹʬʩʬʩʰʹ ʰʴʺʬʸʬʹʬʩʰ ʭʰˀʴʻʹ ʨʴʻ ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹʱʬʴ ʻʴʫʨ
ʰʿʵʹ
ʳʰʳʨʸʯʻʲʰ. ʪʨʴʶʰʸʵʩʬʩʻʲʳʨ ʹʻʲʬʩʳʨ ʬʹ ʨʸ ʰ˂ʰʨʴ - ʳʨʯ ʰʮʰʫʨʭʯ
ˆʵʸ˂ʰʹʳʰʬʸʰ ʴʨʯʬʹʨʭʬʩʰ ʫʨ ʩʬʫʴʰʬʸʬʩʰʹ ʳʵʶʵʭʬʩʨʹʨ˂ ʳˆʵʲʵʫ ʳʨʯʯʨʴ
13

ʹʰʨˆʲʵʭʬ-ʻʸʯʰʬʸʯʵʩʰʯ ˂ʫʰʲʵʩʬʴ. ʹʨʱʻʯʨʸ ʹʰ˂ʵ˂ˆʲʬʮʬ ʨʹʬʯʰ ʩʸʳʨ
ˀʬˆʬʫʻʲʬʩʰʹ ʪʨʳʵ ʨʭʰ˄ʿʫʬʩʨʯ, ʸʵʳ ʯʭʰʯ ʳʰ˄ʰʬʸʰ, ʨʳʽʭʬʿʴʰʻʸʰ
ʩʬʫʴʰʬʸʬʩʰʹ ʹʨ˄ʰʴʫʨʸʰ ʳˆʵʲʵʫ ʻʼʲʰʹ ʬʸʯʪʻʲʬʩʨʨ. ʸʵʪʵʸ˂ ˁʨʴʹ,
˃ʳʨʯʨʳʱʭʲʬʲʰ ʵʳʰʹ ʳʵʳʲʵʫʰʴʬ ʨʸˇʻʴʨʹ ʽˀʨʺʸʰʬʩʰʹ ʮʴʬʵʩʸʰʭʰ
ʱʨʴʵʴʬʩʰ˂ ʫʨʨʭʰ˄ʿʫʨ.
˂ʴʵʩʰʲʰʨ, ʸʵʳ ʨʸʹʬʩʵʩʬʴ ʵʸʰ ˇʪʻʼʰʹ ʨʫʨʳʰʨʴʬʩʰ: ʽˀʨʺʸʰʬʩʰ,
ʸʵʳʬʲʴʰ˂ ʻʮʬʴʨʬʹʰʹ ʪʨʸʫʻʭʨʲʰ ʴʬʩʰʹʨʳʬʩʸ ʩʸ˃ʵʲʰʹ ʭʬʲʮʬ
ʨʳʯʨʭʸʬʩʬʴ ʹʰ˂ʵ˂ˆʲʬʹ, ʫʨ ʰʹʰʴʰ, ʭʰʴ˂ ʪʨʴʫʬʪʰʲʰʹ ˄ʬʹʰʯ ˂ˆʵʭʸʵʩʹ,
ʯʨʭʰʹ ʹʰ˂ʵ˂ˆʲʬʹ ʳˆʵʲʵʫ ʹʻʲʰʬʸ ʪʨʴ˄ʳʬʴʫʨ-ʨʳʨʾʲʬʩʨʹ ʻ˃ʾʭʴʰʨʴ ʫʨ
ʾʰʸʹʽʳʴʰʲʰ ʨʾ˄ʬʭʬʴ ʶʲʨʴʬʺʨ ʳʮʬʹ - ʱʨˀʱʨˀʨ ʹˆʰʭʳʼʰʴʨʸʬʩʰʯ
ʪʨʳʵʸˁʬʻʲʹ.
ʨʸˇʻʴʨʹ ʰʹʬ ʨʬʩʴʨ ʯʨʭʪʮʨ, ʨʸʨ ʯʻ ʴʨʯʬʹʨʭʬʩʰʹ, ʳʺʸʰʹ ʳʵʱʭʲʨ˂ ʨʾʨʸ
ˀʬʬ˃ʲʵ. ʳʨʹ ˁʨʻʽʸʨ ʩʸ˃ʵʲʰʹ ʷʰʴʰ ʫʨ ʫʨʬʳʹʪʨʭʹʨ ʱʨ˂ʹ, ʸʵʳʬʲʹʨ˂
ˀʰʳˀʰʲʰʹ ʪʸ˃ʴʵʩʨ ʨʸ ʨ˄ʻˆʬʩʹ ʫʨ ʨʳʰʺʵʳ ʨʸ˂ ʹʨ˅ʳʲʰʹ ʳʵʳʮʨʫʬʩʰʹ
ʹʻʸʭʰʲʰ ˈʽʵʴʫʨ. ˂ʴʵʩʰʲʰʨ, ʸʵʳ ʨʫʸʬ ʰʳʬʫʬʩʪʨ˂ʸʻʬʩʻʲʳʨ ʨʸˇʻʴʨʳ
ʺʿʬˀʰ ˄ʨʹʭʲʨ ʫʨ ʻʱʨ˂ʸʰʬʲ ʨʫʪʰʲʨʹ ʪʨʴʫʬʪʰʲʨʫ ˂ˆʵʭʸʬʩʨ ʪʨʴʰʮʸʨˆʨ,
ʳʨʪʸʨʳ ʸʵʪʵʸ˂ ʽˀʨʺʸʰʨʹ ʹʨʨʸʹʬʩʵʫ ʹʨʳʬʼʵ ʹ˅ʰʸʫʬʩʵʫʨ (˄ʬʸʰʲʯʨ
˄ʬʹʯʨ ʳʰˆʬʫʭʰʯ, ʽˀʨʺʸʰʬʩʹ ʨʸ ˈʽʵʴʫʨʯ ʹˆʭʨ ʹʨʽʳʰʨʴʵʩʰʹ ʻʼʲʬʩʨ, ʯʻ
ʨʸʨ ʩʸ˃ʵʲʰʹʨ ʫʨ ˆʬʲʰʹʻʼʲʬʩʰʹ ˄ʨʸʳʨʸʯʭʰʹʨ). ʨʸˇʻʴʨʹ ʱʰ ʨʸ ˈʽʵʴʫʨ
ʹʨʳʬʼʵ, ʸʵʳʲʰʹ ʳʵʶʵʭʬʩʰʹ ʬʸʯʨʫʬʸʯ ʪʮʨʫ ʩʰ˃ʨˀʭʰʲʬʩʯʨʴ ʫʨ ˃ʳʬʩʯʨʴ
ʵʳʰ ʸˁʬʩʵʫʨ - ʨʹʬ ʻʴʫʨ ʫʨʬʩʸʻʴʬʩʰʴʨ ʳʨʳʰʹʨʪʨʴ ʳʬʳʱʰʫʸʬʵʩʨʫ
ʩʵ˃ʬʩʻʲʰ ʹʨʳʬʼʵ ʺʨˆʺʰ. ʨʸˇʻʴʨʹ ʨʸ ˀʬʬ˃ʲʵ ʨʳ ʹʰʹˆʲʰʨʴʰ ʪʮʰʯ ˆʬʲʯ
ʨʬʾʵ ˃ʨʲʨʻʼʲʬʩʨ, ʨʳʰʺʵʳʨ˂ ʪʨʫʨ˄ʿʭʰʺʨ, ʺʿʬʹ ˀʬˈʱʬʫʲʬʩʵʫʨ ʫʨ
ʨʳʨʵʬʩʨʯʨʪʨʴ ʪʨʴʸʰʫʬʩʻʲʹ ʬ˂ˆʵʭʸʨ.
32-35) ʵ, ʪʵʭʰʴʫʨ!.. ʸʨ ʯʨʭˀʰ ʭʰˆʲʰ ʹʨʳʬʼʵ ʩʬʫʴʰʬʸʬʩʨʹ ʨʴ ʯʭʰʯ
ʹʰ˂ʵ˂ˆʲʬʹʨ˂ ʱʰ, ʸʵʫʬʹʨ˂ ʩʸ˃ʵʲʰʹ ʭʬʲʮʬ ˁʭʬʴʹ ˀʬʹʨʳʻʹʸʨʭʨʫ
ʨʳˆʬʫʸʬʩʻʲʨʴ ʰʹʰʴʰ, ʭʰʹʯʨʴ ʬʸʯʨʫʨ˂ ˄ʻʯʰʹʵʼʬʲʰ ʪʨʴ˂ˆʸʵʳʰʯ ʻʴʫʨ
ʪʨʪʭʬʲʰʨ.
ʵ, ʳʨʫˈʻʹʻʫʨʴʨ, ʸʵʫʬʹʨ˂ ʳʵ˃ʾʭʨʸʴʰ, ʳʨʳʨ-ʶʨʶʨʴʰ, ˀʭʰʲʬʩʰ ʯʻ
ˀʭʰʲʰˀʭʰʲʬʩʰ, ʫʬʫʰʹ ˃ʳʬʩʰ, ʹʰʳʨʳʸʬʩʰ, ʹʰ˃ʬʬʩʰ ʫʨ ʹˆʭʨ ʨˆʲʵʩʲʬʩʰ
ʨʾ˅ʻʸʭʰʲʨʴ ʫʨ ʳʮʨʫ ʨʸʰʨʴ ʹʨʱʻʯʨʸʰ ʹʰ˂ʵ˂ˆʲʬ˂ ʫʨʯʳʵʴ. ˁʬʳʹ ˄ʰʴʨˀʬ
ˁʨʳ˄ʱʸʰʭʬʩʻʲʨʴ ʹʰʹˆʲʹʳʵ˄ʿʻʸʬʩʻʲʴʰ... ʴʻʯʻ ˀʬʰ˃ʲʬʩʨ ʳʬ, ʳʨʯʹ
ʹʰʹˆʲʹʨ ʫʨ ˆʵʸ˂ʹ, ʨʾʳʬ˃ʸʨʹ ʹʻʸʭʰʲʰ ʳʨʯʰ ʫʨˆʵ˂ʭʰʹʨ, ʯʻʳ˂ʨ ʭʰ˂ʰ,
ʸʵʳ ʳʨʯ ˁʬʳʰ ʳʵʱʭʲʰʹ ʳʵʲʵʫʰʴˀʰ ʰʨʸʨʾʮʬ ʫʨʫʬʩʻʲʰ ˆʬʲʬʩʰ
ʻʯʸʯʰʯ.

14

ʵ, ʿʵʭʬʲʯʨ ʳʨʹʻʲʫʪʳʻʲʬʩʬʲʵ! ʳʬ ʨʳʨʹ ʨʸ ʭʰʽʳ. ʨʸ ʨʾʭʳʨʸʯʨʭ ʳʨʯʮʬ
ʹʰʱʭʫʰʲʰʹ ʳʨˆʭʰʲʹ ʨʸʨ ʳʨʸʺʵ ʫʬʫʨʳʰ˄ʰʹ, ʨʸʨʳʬʫ ʹʨʳʿʨʸʵʹ ʹʨʳʰʭʬ
ʹʱʴʬʲʰʹ ʫʨʹʨʶʿʸʵʩʨʫʨ˂ ʱʰ. ʸʨ ʹʰˆʨʸʻʲʰ ʻʴʫʨ ʳʵʪʭʨʴʰ˅ʵʹ
ʫˈʸʰʺʨʸʨˀʺʸʨʹ ˃ʬʯʨ ʪʨʷʲʬʺʨʳ?!
ˀʰʴʨ-ʨʸʹʰ: ʨʸˇʻʴʨʳ ʻʼʨʲ ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ ʻ˄ʵʫʨ ʪʵʭʰʴʫʨ, ʸʨʫʪʨʴ ʰʪʰ
ʰʯʭʲʬʩʨ ˃ʸʵˆʬʩʰʹʨ ʫʨ ʹˆʭʨ ʹʻʲʫʪʳʻʲʯʨ ʹʰʨʳʵʭʴʬʩʰʹ ˄ʿʨʸʵʫ. ʨʳ
ʳʴʰˀʭʴʬʲʵʭʨʴʰ ʹʰʺʿʭʰʯ ʨʸˇʻʴʨʹ ʬ˄ʨʫʨ ʻʮʬʴʨʬʹʰ ˁʨʹ˄ʭʫʵʳʵʫʨ ʳʰʹ
ʿʵʿʳʨʴʹʨ ʫʨ ʪʻʲʰʹʺʱʰʭʰʲʹ ʫʨ ʸʨʰʳʬ ʬˀʭʬʲʨ ʳʰʹʰ ʨˀʲʰʲʰ
ʪʨʴ˂ʫʬʩʰʹʨʯʭʰʹ. ʳʨʪʸʨʳ ʪʵʭʰʴʫʨʹ ʳʵʭʨʲʬʵʩʨ ʨʸʰʹ ʨʸʨ ˁʭʬʴʰ ʪʸ˃ʴʵʩʬʩʰʹ
ʫʨʱʳʨʿʵʼʰʲʬʩʨ - ʬʹ ˁʭʬʴ ʻʴʫʨ ʳʰʭʨʴʰ˅ʵʯ ʳʨʹ ʱʳʨʿʵʼʰʲʬʩʨ, ʸʰʯʨ˂ ˁʭʬʴʰ
ʨʼʵʸʰʨʽʬʩʻʲʰ ʪʻʲʰ˂ ʫʨ˂ˆʸʬʩʨ. ʳʨʺʬʸʰʨʲʻʸʰ ʱʬʯʰʲʫʾʬʵʩʰʹ
ʳʵʹʻʸʴʬʴʰ ʯʨʭʨʫ ʹʨʱʻʯʨʸʰ ʪʸ˃ʴʵʩʬʩʰʹ ʿʻʸʳʵ˅ʸʰʲ ʳʵʴʬʩʨʫ ʽ˂ʬʻʲʨʴ
ʫʨ ʻʴʫʨʯ, ʸʵʳ ʻʼʨʲʰ ʳʨʯ ʳʵʯˆʵʭʴʬʩʹ ʨʹʸʻʲʬʩʫʬʹ. ʻʼʨʲʰ ʱʰ
ʰʳʫʬʴʨʫ ʰʽʴʬʩʨ ʹʻʲʰʬʸʰ ʨʸʹʬʩʬʩʰʹ ʳʰʳʨʸʯ ʱʬʯʰʲʪʨʴ˄ʿʵʩʰʲʰ,
ʸʨʳʫʬʴʨʫʨ˂ ʰʹʰʴʰ ʨʳʨʹ ʰʳʹʨˆʻʸʬʩʬʴ, ʨʸʨ ʰʳʫʬʴʨʫ, ʸʨʳʫʬʴʨʫʨ˂
ʪʮʨʨʩʴʬʻʲʯ ʹʨʱʻʯʨʸʰ ˆʵʸ˂ʰʹ ʮʬʰʳʰʹʨʯʭʰʹ ʹ˄ʨʫʰʨʯ ʫʨˆʳʨʸʬʩʨ.
ʯʻ ʨʫʨʳʰʨʴʰ ʹʨʱʻʯʨʸ ʪʸ˃ʴʵʩʨʯʨ ʺʿʭʬʵʩʨʹ ʯʨʭʹ ʫʨʨʾ˄ʬʭʹ ʫʨ ʳʯʬʲʰ
ʨʸʹʬʩʰʯ ʻʮʬʴʨʬʹʰʹ ʳʹʨˆʻʸʬʩʨʹ ʳʰʬ˂ʬʳʨ, ʳʨˀʰʴ ʻʼʲʰʹ ˄ʿʨʲʵʩʨ ʻˆʭʨʫ
ʪʨʫʳʵʭʨ ʳʨʹʮʬ ʫʨ ʿʭʬʲʨ ʹʻʸʭʰʲʰ ʨʾʻʹʸʻʲʫʬʩʨ.
ʨʸˇʻʴʨ ˃ʲʰʬʸ ʰʿʵ ʳʰˇʨ˅ʭʻʲʰ ʯʨʭʰʹ ʹʨʪʭʨʸʬʻʲʵ ʬʸʯʵʩʨʹʨ ʫʨ
ʵˇʨˆʰʹ ˄ʬʭʸʬʩʮʬ, ʳʨʯʫʨʳʰ ʹʰʩʸʨʲʻʲʰʹ ʪʸ˃ʴʵʩʨ˂ ʨʳʰʺʵʳ ʯʸʪʻʴʨʭʫʨ
ʳʰʹ ʹʨʩʸ˃ʵʲʵ ˀʬʳʨʸʯʬʩʨʹ ʫʨ ʳʨʸˇʭʬʴʨ ʻʫʻʴʫʬʩʵʫʨ. ʳʨʹ ʰʳʰʹʨ˂
ʬˀʰʴʵʫʨ, ʸʵʳ ʯʻʱʰ ʵʳˀʰ ʿʭʬʲʨ ʯʨʭʰʹʰʨʴʹ ʨʳʵ˄ʿʭʬʺʫʨ, ˃ʲʬʭʨʳʵʹʰʲ
ʪʨʳʨʸˇʭʬʩʨʹ ʳʵʰʶʵʭʬʩʫʨ, ʹʰˆʨʸʻʲʹ ʳʨʰʴ˂ ʭʬʸ ʬʮʰʨʸʬʩʵʫʨ. ʨʴ ʱʰ
ʳʨʸʺʵʹʻʲʨʫ ʫʨʸˁʬʴʰʲʹ ʭʰʹʯʭʰʹʾʨ ʻʴʫʨ ʪʨʬʮʰʨʸʬʩʰʴʨ ʬʹ ʹʰˆʨʸʻʲʰ,
ʭʰʹʯʨʴ ʬʸʯʨʫ
ʬʪʸ˃ʴʵ ʪʨʴ˂ˆʸʵʳʨ ʯʨʭʰʹʰ ʹʰʳʫʰʫʸʰʯ. ʨʹʬʯʰ ʼʰʽʸʬʩʰ ʳʨʺʬʸʰʨʲʻʸʰ
ʿʵʼʰʬʸʬʩʰʹ ˀʭʰʲʯʨʯʭʰʹ ʩʻʴʬʩʸʰʭʰʨ. ʺʸʨʴʹ˂ʬʴʫʬʴʺʻʸʰ ʪʨʪʬʩʨ
ʿʵʭʬʲʪʭʨʸʰ ʶʨʺʰʭʰʹʨ ʫʨ ʹʰʳʫʰʫʸʰʹʨ ʹˆʭʨʨ - ʯʻ ʨʫʨʳʰʨʴʰ ʻʼʲʰʹ
ʬʸʯʪʻʲʰʨ ʫʨ ʳʰʹʰ ʳʹʨˆʻʸʬʩʰʹ ʳʰʮʨʴʰ ʳˆʵʲʵʫ ʻʮʬʴʨʬʹʰʹ ʹʻʸʭʰʲʬʩʰʹ
ʨʾʹʸʻʲʬʩʨʨ, ʻʮʬʴʨʬʹʰʹʨʭʬ ʴʬʩʰʯ ʿʵʭʬʲʪʭʨʸ ʹʰʳʫʰʫʸʬʹ ʳʰʰʾʬʩʹ, ʬʸʯʰ
ʪʸʵˀʰ˂ ʱʰ ʨʸ ʳʰʬ˂ʬʳʨ ʱʨ˂ʹ ʻʼʲʰʹ ʹʻʸʭʰʲʰʹ ʪʨʸʬˀʬ.
ʨʸˇʻʴʨʹ, ʸʵʪʵʸ˂ ʰʯʽʭʨ, ʯʨʭʰʹʰʨʴʬʩʮʬ ʹʨʹʰʱʭʫʰʲʵ ʳʨˆʭʰʲʰʹ
ʨʾʳʨʸʯʭʨ ʨʸ ʻʴʫʵʫʨ ʫʨ ʯʻ ʳʨʰʴ˂ʫʨʳʨʰʴ˂ ʪʨʸʫʻʭʨʲʰ ʰʿʵ ʱʻʸʻʯʨ
ʳʵʫʪʳʰʹ ʪʨʴʨʫʪʻʸʬʩʨ, ʯʨʭʨʫ ʻʼʨʲʹ ʨʾʬʹʸʻʲʬʩʰʴʨ ʬʹ. ʨʸˇʻʴʨ˂ ʨʸ˂ ʱʰ
ʰ˂ʵʫʨ, ʸʵʳ ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ ʳʨʯʰ ʩʬʫʰ ʻʱʭʬ ʪʨʫʨʬ˄ʿʭʬʺʰʲʰ ˈʽʵʴʫʨ - ʿʭʬʲʨ
ʳʵ˄ʰʴʨʨʾʳʫʬʪʬ ʩʸ˃ʵʲʰʹ ʭʬʲʮʬ ʪʨʳʵʹʭʲʨʳʫʬ ʳʵʱʲʻʲʰ ˈʿʨʭʫʨ ʫʨ ʸʵʳ

15

ʨʸˇʻʴʨ ʳˆʵʲʵʫ ʻʼʲʰʹ ʪʨʴʨˁʬʴʰʹ ʨʾʳʹʸʻʲʬʩʬʲʰ ʻʴʫʨ ʪʨʳˆʫʨʸʰʿʵ. ʬʹ
ʿʵʭʬʲʰʭʬ ʴʨʯʬʲʰ ʪʨˆʫʬʩʨ ʳʵʳʫʬʭʴʵ ʯʨʭʬʩˀʰ.
ʸʨʱʰ ʨʸˇʻʴʨ ʩʻʴʬʩʰʯ ʻʼʲʰʹ ʬʸʯʪʻʲʰ ʰʿʵ, ʳʰʹʰ ʾʭʯʰʻʸʰ ʳʨʫʲʰʯ
˂ˆʬʩʻʲʹ ʨʸ ˀʬʬ˃ʲʵ ʯʨʭʰʹʰ ˆʨʸʩʰ ʩʰ˃ʬʩʰʹʨ ʯʻ ˃ʳʬʩʰʹʨʯʭʰʹ ʹʨʳʨʪʰʬʸʵʹ
ʪʨʫʨˆʫʨ. ʻʼʨʲʹ ʱʰ ʯʨʭʰʹʰ ʻʮʬʴʨʬʹʰ ʪʨʴˁʰʴʬʩʰʯ ʳʨʯʰ ʨʳʵ˄ʿʭʬʺʨ ˈʽʵʴʫʨ
ʪʨʴʮʸʨˆʻʲʰ. ʻʼʲʰʹ ʬʸʯʪʻʲʹ ʻ˅ʰʸʹ ˀʻʸʰʹ˃ʰʬʩʨ, ʻʼʨʲʰ ʱʰ ʨʸʨʭʰʹ
ʨʶʨʺʰʬʩʹ ʻʱʬʯʻʸʵʩʨʹ, ʸʨʹʨ˂ ʻʮʬʴʨʬʹʰʹ ʬʸʯʪʻʲʬʩʹ ʨʿʬʴʬʩʬʴ
ʨʸʨʳʮʨʫʬʩʰ.
ʻʼʨʲʳʨ ˀʬʰ˃ʲʬʩʨ ʹʨʱʻʯʨʸʰ ˄ʿʬʴʨ ʳʰʻʺʬʭʵʹ ʭʰʴʳʬʹ, ʳʨʪʸʨʳ ʯʨʭʰʹʰ
ʬʸʯʪʻʲʰʹʨʫʳʰ ʻʫʰʬʸʬʩʨʹ ʨʸʨʭʰʹ ˀʬʨʸˁʬʴʹ.
ʱʻʸʻʹ ˀʯʨʳʵʳʨʭʨʲʴʰ ʪʨʻʳʨ˃ʾʨʸʰ ʨʸʨʳʮʨʫʬʩʰ ʰʿʭʴʬʴ - ʻʼʲʰʹ
ʪʻʲʯʨʳˆʰʲʨʵʩʨʹ ʨʸʨʼʬʸʰ ʪʨʳʵʬʶʨʸʬʩʨ - ʨʳʰʺʵʳʨ˂ ʪʨʫʨ˄ʿʭʬʺʰʲʰ ʰʿʵ
ʳʨʯʰ ʩʬʫʰ: ʻʴʫʨ ʨʾʹʸʻʲʬʩʻʲʰʿʵ ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ ʸʰʹˆʭʨ ʳʰʻˆʬʫʨʭʨʫ ʰʳʰʹʨ,
ʸʵʳ ʪʻʲʳʵ˄ʿʨʲʬ ʨʸˇʻʴʨʹ ʳʨʯʰ ʶʨʺʰʬʩʨ ʹʻʸʫʨ.
36) ʯʻʳ˂ ʩʵʸʵʺʰʹʳʽʳʴʬʲʴʰ ʨʸʰʨʴ ˁʭʬʴʰ ʳʺʸʬʩʰ, ʳʨʪʸʨʳ ʳʨʯʰ
ʹʰ˂ʵ˂ˆʲʰʹ ˆʬʲʿʵʼʰʯ ˂ʵʫʭʨ ˁʭʬʴ˂ ʳʵʪʭʬ˄ʬʭʨ. ʨʸ ˀʬʪʭʼʬʸʰʹ
ʫˈʸʰʺʨʸʨˀʺʸʨʹ ˃ʬʯʨ ʫʨˆʵ˂ʭʨ. ʵ, ʱʸʰˀʴʨ, ʩʬʫʰʹ ʽʨʲʾʳʬʸʯʰʹ ʳʬʻʾʲʬʭ,
ʹʨʱʻʯʨʸ ʴʨʯʬʹʨʭʯʨ ʹʰʹˆʲʰʹ ʫʨʳʨʽ˂ʬʭʨʸʴʰ ʸʵʪʵʸʾʨ ʭʰʽʴʬʩʰʯ
ʩʬʫʴʰʬʸʴʰ?!
ˀʰʴʨ-ʨʸʹʰ: ʭʬʫʬʩʰʹ ʳʰˆʬʫʭʰʯ, ʨʸʹʬʩʵʩʹ ʬʽʭʹʰ ʹʨˆʰʹ ʩʵʸʵʺʳʵʽʳʬʫʰ:
ʹˆʭʰʹ
ʳʵʳ˄ʨʳʭʲʬʲʰ, ʹˆʭʰʹʰ ʹʨˆʲʰʹʯʭʰʹ ˂ʬ˂ˆʲʰʹ ʪʨʳˁʬʴʰ, ʰʨʸʨʾʰʯ
ʯʨʭʫʨʳʹˆʳʬʲʰ, ʽʵʴʬʩʰʹ ʳʶʨʸʨʭʰ, ʹˆʭʨʯʨ ʳʰ˄ʰʹ ʫʨʳʶʿʸʵʩʰ ʫʨ ʹˆʭʰʹ
˂ʵʲʰʹ ʳʰʳʺʨ˂ʬʩʬʲʰ. ʨʹʬʯʰ ˂ʵʫʭʰʹʳʵʽʳʬʫʴʰ ʻʹʨʯʻʵʫ ʻʴʫʨ
ʨʳʵʰ˃ʰʸʱʵʴ ʹʨʮʵʪʨʫʵʬʩʰʫʨʴ ʫʨ ʭʰʴ˂ ʨʳʨʹ ˁʨʰʫʬʴʹ, ʳʨʫʲʨʫ ˁʨʬʯʭʲʬʩʨ.
ʬʹ ˁʭʬʻʲʬʩʸʰʭʰ, ʨʸʨʼʸʰʯ ʪʨʳʵʸˁʬʻʲʰ ʨʫʨʳʰʨʹʨʯʭʰʹ ʪʨʹʨʪʬʩʰʨ. ʳʨʪʸʨʳ
ʨʸˇʻʴʨ ʻʩʸʨʲʵ ʶʰʸʰ ʨʸ ʰʿʵ - ʳʨʹ ˄ʳʰʴʫʨʴʰʹ ʩʻʴʬʩʨ ˈʽʵʴʫʨ ʫʨ
˄ʳʰʴʫʨʴʰʭʰʯ ʻʴʫʵʫʨ ʳʵʽ˂ʬʵʫʨ ʳʮʭʨʵʩʨʸ ʳʺʸʬʩʹ. ʨʹʬʯʰ ʸʨʳ ʱʰ
ʽˀʨʺʸʰʰʹ ʳʵ˄ʵʫʬʩʨʹ ʨʸ ʬʯʨʴʨʫʬʩʨ. ʯʻʳ˂ʨ ʽʭʬʿʴʰʹ ˆʬʲʳ˄ʰʼʬ ʯʨʭʰʹʰ
ʶʨʺʰʵʹʴʬʩʰʯ ʻʴʫʨ ʪʨʳʵʰʸˁʬʵʫʬʹ, ʳʨʹ ʨʸ ˀʬˀʭʬʴʰʹ ʪʻʲˁʭʰʲʵʩʨ,
ʹʨʰʫʨʴʨ˂ ʹʰʳˆʫʨʲʬʳʫʬ ʬʸʯʰ ʴʨʩʰˇʰʨ.
ʳʨʪʨʲʰʯʨʫ, ʻʼʨʲʰ ʸʨʳʨ ʰʳʫʬʴʨʫ ʫʰʫʰ ˄ʳʰʴʫʨʴʰ ʰʿʵ, ʸʵʳ ˆʨʲˆʰ
ʫʾʬʹʨ˂ ʴʨʺʸʵʩʹ ʳʰʹ ʹʨʳʬʼʵˀʰ (ʸʨʳʨ-ʸʨˇʰʨˀʰ) ˂ˆʵʭʸʬʩʨʹ. ʳʨʪʸʨʳ ʸʨʳʨ
ʨʸ˂ ʪʻʲˁʭʰʲʰ ʿʵʼʰʲʨ ʫʨ ʨʸ˂ ʳˆʫʨʲʰ. ʸʵ˂ʨ ʸʨʭʨʴʨʳ ʩʵʸʵʺʬʩʨ
ˁʨʰʫʰʴʨ ʫʨ ʳʬʻʾʲʬ ʹʰʺʨ ʳʵʹʺʨ˂ʨ, ʻʼʨʲʳʨ ʳʨʹ ʪʨʻʪʵʴʨʸʰ ʹʰʹʨʹʺʰʱʰʯ
ʪʨʫʨʻˆʨʫʨ.

16

ʨʸˇʻʴʨʹ ʳʵ˄ʰʴʨʨʾʳʫʬʪʬʴʰ ʪʨʴʹʨʱʻʯʸʬʩʻʲʰ ʳʮʨʱʭʸʵʩʰʯ
ʪʨʳʵʰʸˁʬʵʫʴʬʴ, ʳʨʯʰ ʩʵʸʵʺʬʩʨ ʨʸ ʰʿʵ ˁʭʬʻʲʬʩʸʰʭʰ - ʨʳʰʺʵʳʨ˂ ʨʸ
ʻʴʫʵʫʨ ʨʸˇʻʴʨʹ, ʰʹʰʴʰ ʫʨʹˇʰʲʰʿʭʴʬʴ, ʸʵʪʵʸ˂ ʻʩʸʨʲʵ ʫʨʳʴʨˀʨʭʬʴʰ.
ʨʹʬʯʰ ʳʰʳʺʬʭʬʩʬʲʰ ʻʴʫʨ ʰʿʵʹ ʿʭʬʲʨ ʳʵʸ˄ʳʻʴʬ - ʬʹ ʿʵʭʬʲʪʭʨʸ
ʶʵʲʰʺʰʱʻʸ ʨʴʪʨʸʰˀʹ˄ʵʸʬʩʨʮʬ ʳʴʰˀʭʴʬʲʵʭʨʴʰʨ. ʬʹ ʭʬʫʻʸʰ ʫʨʴʨ˄ʬʹʰʨ.
ʨʸˇʻʴʨ˂, ʸʬʲʰʪʰʰʯ ˀʯʨʪʵʴʬʩʻʲʰ ʫʨ ʭʬʫʻʸʰ ʫʨʴʨ˄ʬʹʬʩʰʹ
ʳʰʳʫʬʭʨʸʰ ʪʨ˂ʰʲʬʩʰʯ ʳʴʰˀʭʴʬʲʵʭʴʨʫ ʯʭʲʰʫʨ, ʬʶʨʺʰʬʩʰʴʨ ʳʺʸʰʹʯʭʰʹ.
ʫʸʵʬʩʰʯʰ ˆʵʸ˂ʰʹʳʰʬʸʰ ʱʳʨʿʵʼʰʲʬʩʨ ʫʨ ʩʬʫʴʰʬʸʬʩʨ ʳʰʹʯʭʰʹ
ʳʰʻʾʬʩʬʲʰ ʰʿʵ. ʨʳ ʪʮʰʯ ʳʵʶʵʭʬʩʻʲʰ ʶʨʺʰʭʰ, ʹʨʳʬʼʵʬʩʰ ʫʨ ʪʨʴ˂ˆʸʵʳʨ
ʨʳʨʵ ʰʿʵ ʫʨ ˄ʨʸʳʨʭʨʲʰ. ʳʨˀ, ʾʰʸʫʨ ʱʰ, ʨʸˇʻʴʨʹ ʴʨʯʬʹʨʭʬʩʰʹ ʨʳʵˆʵ˂ʭʰʯ
ʪʨʬ˄ʰʸʨ ʹʨʱʻʯʨʸʰ ʹʻʲʰʹ ʳʨʸʨʫʰʻʲʰ ʹʰʳˀʭʰʫʬ ʫʨ ˆʹʴʨ?!
ʨʸˇʻʴʨʳ ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ ʳʰʳʨʸʯʨ, ʸʵʪʵʸ˂ "ʳʨʫˈʨʭʨʹ", ʨʴʻ ʩʬʫʰʹ ʽʨʲʾʳʬʸʯʰʹ
ʳʬʻʾʲʬʹ. ʨʳʰʯ ʳʨʹ ʹʻʸʫʨ, ʻʼʨʲʹ, ʸʵʳʬʲʰ˂ ʳʬʻʾʲʬ ʰʿʵ ʨʫʨʳʰʨʴʯʨ
ʩʬʫʰʹ ʪʨʳʸʰʪʬ ʽʨʲʾʳʬʸʯʰʹʨ, ʬʮʸʻʴʨ ʳʰʹ ʩʬʫʮʬ˂ ʫʨ ʨʸ ˁʨʬʫʬʴʰʴʬʩʰʴʨ
ʰʹ, ʸʨ˂ ʳʵʳʨʭʨʲˀʰ ʹʨʳʻʫʨʳ ʺʱʰʭʰʲʹʨ ʫʨ ʹʰʴʨʴʻʲʹ ʪʨʴʻʳʮʨʫʬʩʫʨ.
ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹʯʭʰʹ ʨʹʬʯʰ ʯˆʵʭʴʨ ʮʬʫʳʬʺʰ ʰʿʵ - ʰʹ ʨʸʨʹʵʫʬʹ ʰʭʰ˄ʿʬʩʹ
ʯʨʭʰʹʰ ʬʸʯʪʻʲʰʹ ʩʬʫʹ, ʨʸʨʹʵʫʬʹ ʨʸʨʭʰʹʯʭʰʹ ʳʵʨʽʭʹ ʻʩʬʫʻʸʬʩʨ!
37-38) ʵ, ˇʨʴʨʸʫʨʴʨ, ˁʭʬʴʹ ʳʺʸʬʩʹ ʪʻʲʬʩʰ ʳʻˆʯʨʲʰ ʹʰˆʨʸʩʰʯ
ʻʹʱʫʬʩʨʯ, ʹʨʱʻʯʨʸʰ ʹʨʪʭʨʸʬʻʲʵʹ ʳʵʹʶʵʩʨˀʰ ʭʬʸ ˆʬʫʨʭʬʴ ʸʨʰʳʬ
ʹʨ˃ʸʨˆʰʹʹʨ ʫʨ ˂ʵʫʭʰʨʴʹ, ʳʨʪʸʨʳ ˁʭʬʴ ˆʵʳ ʭʰ˂ʰʯ, ʸʨ ˂ʵʫʭʨʹ ʫʨʭʰʫʬʩʯ
ʨʹʬʯʰ ʫʨʴʨˀʨʻʲʰʹ ˁʨʫʬʴʰʯ. ʳʨˀ, ʸʨʺʵʳ ʮʻʸʪʹ ʨʸ ˀʬʭʨʽ˂ʬʭʯ ʨʹʬʯ
˃ʳʨʯʨʳʱʭʲʬʲ ʵʳʹ?!
ˀʰʴʨ-ʨʸʹʰ: ʽˀʨʺʸʰʨʳ, ʯʻ ʩʸ˃ʵʲʨˀʰ ʨʴ ʨʮʨʸʺʻʲ ʯʨʳʨˀˀʰ ʪʨʳʵʰ˄ʭʬʭʹ
ʭʰʴʳʬ, ʻʨʸʰ ʨʸ ʻʴʫʨ ʯʽʭʨʹ. ʨʸˇʻʴʨ˂ ʽˀʨʺʸʰʨ ʰʿʵ ʫʨ ʻʨʸʹ ʭʬʸ ʰʺʿʵʫʨ
ʰʳ ʩʸ˃ʵʲʨʮʬ, ʸʵʳʬʲʰ˂ ʫʻʸʰʵʫˈʨʴʨʹ ʳʵʳˆʸʬʬʩʳʨ ˄ʨʳʵʰ˄ʿʬʹ ʰʹʬ, ʸʵʳ
ʭʬʸ˂ ˆʭʫʬʩʵʫʴʬʴ, ʸʨ ʳʵˈʿʭʬʩʵʫʨ ʨʳ ʪʨʫʨ˄ʿʭʬʺʰʲʬʩʨʹ. ʨʸˇʻʴʨ ʱʰ
˄ʰʴʨʹ˄ʨʸ ˅ʭʸʬʺʫʨ ʿʵʭʬʲʰʭʬʹ ʫʨ ʻʨʸʹ ʨʳʩʵʩʫʨ ʱʻʸʻʬʩʯʨʴ ˀʬʸʱʰʴʬʩʨʮʬ.
ʳʵʭʨʲʬʵʩʰʹ ˀʬʹʸʻʲʬʩʨ ʳʨˀʰʴʨʨ ʨʫʭʰʲʰ, ʸʵ˂ʨ ʳʨʹ ʹʨʹʰʱʬʯʵ ˀʬʫʬʪʬʩʰ
ʳʵˈʿʭʬʩʨ, ˄ʰʴʨʨʾʳʫʬʪ ˀʬʳʯˆʭʬʭʨˀʰ ʱʰ ʨʸʨʭʰʹ ʻʴʫʨ ʹʻʲʰ ʫʨʰʳ˃ʰʳʵʹ
˂ʵʫʭʬʩʰʯ. ʨʸˇʻʴʨ˂ ʨʳʨʹ ʬʸʰʫʬʩʵʫʨ.
39) ʫʨʭʻˀʭʨʯ, ʨʳʵʭ˄ʿʭʰʺʬʯ ʳʯʬʲʰ ʹʨʪʭʨʸʬʻʲʵ, ʨʳʰʯ ˆʵʳ ʳʵʫʪʳʰʹ
ʹʨʻʱʻʴʵʭʨʴʰ ʺʸʨʫʰ˂ʰʬʩʰ ˀʬʰʩʾʨʲʬʩʨ ʨʴ ʳʵʰʹʶʵʩʨ. ʪʨʫʨʸˁʬʴʰʲʰ
ˀʯʨʳʵʳʨʭʨʲʴʰ ʻʸ˄ʳʻʴʵʬʩʰʹʨ ʫʨ ʻ˄ʬʹʸʰʪʵʩʰʹ ˅ʨʵʩˀʰ ˁʨʬʼʲʵʩʰʨʴ.
ˀʰʴʨ-ʨʸʹʰ: ʭʨʸʴʨˀʸʨʳʨʹ ʹʨʮʵʪʨʫʵʬʩʰʹ ʹʰʹʺʬʳʨˀʰ ʳʵ˂ʬʳʻʲʰʨ ʳʸʨʭʨʲʰ
ʸʬʲʰʪʰʻʸʰ ʯʻ ʿʵʼʰʯʰ ʺʸʨʫʰ˂ʰʨ, ʸʵʳʲʰʹ ʳʰʮʨʴʰʨ ʵˇʨˆʰʹ ˄ʬʭʸʬʩʰʹ
17

ʹ˄ʵʸʰ ʨʾʮʸʫʨ, ʪʨʴʹʨʱʻʯʸʬʩʰʯ ʹʻʲʰʬʸʰ ʹʸʻʲʿʵʼʰʹʨʱʬʴ ʪʮʰʹ
ʪʨʱʭʨʲʭʨ. ʨʹʬʯʰ ʪʨʴ˄ʳʬʴʫʰ ʻ˄ʿʭʬʺʰ ʶʸʵ˂ʬʹʰ ʪʸ˃ʬʲʫʬʩʨ ʨʫʨʳʰʨʴʰʹ
ʫʨʩʨʫʬʩʰʨʴ ʯʭʰʯ ʹʰʱʭʫʰʲʨʳʫʬ. ʨʳ ˄ʬʹʬʩʰʹ ˀʬʻʩʾʨʲʨʭʨʫ ʫʨ˂ʭʨʮʬ
ʵˇʨˆʰʹ ʻʼʸʵʹʰ ˄ʬʭʸʬʩʰ ʨʪʬʩʬʴ ʶʨʹʻˆʹ.
ʨʸˇʻʴʨʹ ʨˀʼʵʯʬʩʫʨ ʰʹ, ʸʵʳ ʯʻ ʱʻʸʻʯʨ ʳʵʫʪʳʰʹ ʫʰʫʰ ʴʨ˄ʰʲʰ
ʨʳʵ˄ʿʫʬʩʵʫʨ, ˀʬ˄ʿʫʬʩʵʫʨ ʳʨʯʰ ˃ʰʸ˃ʭʬʲʰ ʹʨʪʭʨʸʻʲʵ ʺʸʨʫʰ˂ʰʬʩʰ˂ ʫʨ
ʪʨʫʨʸˁʬʴʰʲʰ ʯʨʵʩʬʩʰ ʫʨʨʫʪʬʩʵʫʴʬʴ ʻʸ˄ʳʻʴʵʬʩʰʹ ʪʮʨʹ, ʸʰʯʨ˂
ʹʨʳʻʫʨʳʵʫ ˄ʨʸʰʱʭʬʯʫʴʬʴ ʹʻʲʰʹ ʳʨʸʨʫʰʻʲʰ ˆʹʴʰʹ ʰʳʬʫʹ. ʨʳʰʺʵʳ ʨʸ
ˀʬʰ˃ʲʬʩʵʫʨ ʵˇʨˆʻʸʰ ʬʸʯʵʩʰʹ ʻʼʸʵʹ ˄ʬʭʸʯʨ ʨʳʵˆʵ˂ʭʨ.
40) ʸʵʫʬʹʨ˂ ʵˇʨˆˀʰ ʻʸ˄ʳʻʴʵʬʩʨ ʫʨʰʫʬʩʹ ʩʰʴʨʹ, ʵ, ʱʸʰˀʴʨ, ʭʸʰˀʴʨʹ
ˀʯʨʳʵʳʨʭʨʲʵ, ʽʨʲʬʩʰ ʩʰ˄ʰʬʸʬʩʰʹ ʪʮʨʹ ʨʫʪʬʩʰʨʴ, ʳʨʯʰ ʩʰʴ˃ʻʸʰ
˄ʰʨʾʰʫʨʴ ʳʨʴʱʰʬʸʰ ʯʨʵʩʬʩʰ ʳʸʨʭʲʫʬʩʰʨʴ.
ˀʰʴʨ-ʨʸʹʰ: ʹʻʲʰʯ ʫʨ ˆʵʸ˂ʰʯ ˇʨʴʹʨʾʰ ʱʨ˂ʵʩʸʰʵʩʰʹ ʳˀʭʰʫʵʩʰʹ,
ʱʬʯʰʲʫʾʬʵʩʰʹʨ ʫʨ ʹʻʲʰʬʸʰ ʨʾʵʸ˃ʰʴʬʩʰʹ ʹʨʼʻ˃ʭʬʲʰʨ ʭʨʸʴʨˀʸʨʳʨʹ
ʸʬʲʰʪʰʻʸʰ ʶʸʰʴ˂ʰʶʬʩʰʹ ʫʨ˂ʭʨ. ʨʳ ˄ʳʰʴʫʨ ʶʸʰʴ˂ʰʶʬʩʰʯ, ʽʭʬʿʴʰʹʨ ʫʨ
ʹʨʮʵʪʨʫʵʬʩʰʹ ʹʨʿʵʭʬʲʯʨʵ ʹʻʲʰʬʸʰ ʨʳʨʾʲʬʩʰʹ ʷʨʳʰ ʳʨˀʰʴ ʫʪʬʩʨ, ʸʵ˂ʨ
ʾʰʸʹʬʻʲʴʰ ʹ˅ʨʸʩʵʩʬʴ ʻʾʰʸʹʯ. ʨʹʬʯʰ ʳʵʹʨˆʲʬʵʩʰʹ ʳʵʳʸʨʭʲʬʩʰʹ
ʯʨʭ˄ʿʨʸʵ ʽʨʲʰʨ - ʳʰʹʰ ʹʰ˄ʳʰʴʫʬ ʫʨ ʬʸʯʪʻʲʬʩʨ. ʳʨʪʸʨʳ ʽʨʲʹ - ʸʵʪʵʸ˂
ʩʨʭˀʭʬʩʹ ʨˆʨʹʰʨʯʬʩʯ - ʪʨʻ˄ʵʴʨʹ˄ʵʸʬʩʬʲʰ ʩʻʴʬʩʨ ʨʽʭʯ ʫʨ ʰʵʲʨʫ
ʪʨʫʨʹ˂ʫʬʩʰʨʴ ˆʵʲʳʬ ʯʨʭʰʨʴʯʰ ˄ʳʰʴʫʨ ʳʵʭʨʲʬʵʩʰʹ ʪʮʰʫʨʴ. ʨʳʰʺʵʳ
ʩʨʭˀʭʬʩʹʨ˂ ʫʨ ʽʨʲʬʩʹʨ˂ ʵˇʨˆʰʹ ʻʼʸʵʹ ˄ʬʭʸʯʨʪʨʴ ʳʻʫʳʰʭʰ ʯʭʨʲʿʻʸʰ
ʹ˅ʰʸʫʬʩʨ.
ʯʻ ʽʨʲʰ ʸʬʲʰʪʰʻʸʰ ˄ʬʹʬʩʰʹ ˀʬʹʸʻʲʬʩʰʯ ʨʴ ʹˆʭʨ ʹʨʽʳʰʨʴʵʩʰʯ
ˆˀʰʸʨʫ ʰʽʴʬʩʨ ʫʨʱʨʭʬʩʻʲʰ, ʰʪʰ ʳʸʻˀʵʩʰʹʨ ʫʨ ʯʨʭʽʨʸʰʨʴʵʩʰʹ ʫʸʵʹ ʭʬʸ
ʰʶʵʭʰʹ. ˁʨʴʨʱʰʨ ʶʨʴʫʰʺʰʹ ʨʮʸʰʯ, ʽʨʲʬʩʰ ʳʿʨʸʰ ʪʵʴʰʬʸʬʩʰʯ ʨʸ
ʪʨʳʵʰʸˁʬʭʰʨʴ ʫʨ ʳʨʯʰ ʴʫʵʳʨ, ʯʨʭʰʹ ʴʬʩʨʮʬ ʳʰˀʭʬʩʨ ʨʸ ˀʬʰ˃ʲʬʩʨ. ʵˇʨˆˀʰ,
ʹʨʫʨ˂ ʸʬʲʰʪʰʻʸ ʺʸʨʫʰ˂ʰʬʩʹ ʰ˂ʨʭʬʴ, ʨʾʨʹʸʻʲʬʩʬʴ ʹʨʸ˄ʳʻʴʵʬʩʸʰʭ
˄ʬʹʬʩʹ ʫʨ ʨʳʨˀʰ ʽʨʲʬʩʰ ʳʵʴʨ˄ʰʲʬʵʩʬʴ, ʨʳ ʻʱʨʴʨʹʱʴʬʲʯ ʽʨʸʨʼˀʻʺʵʩʰʹ
ʫʸʵ ʨʾʨʸ ʸˁʬʩʨʯ, ʳʯʬʲʰ ʨʸʹʬʩʰʯ ʾʭʯʰʹ ʳʹʨˆʻʸʬʩʨʹ ʬ˃ʲʬʭʰʨʴ ʫʨ
ʯʨʭʨʫ ʹʻʲʰʬʸʨʫʪʨʴ˄ʳʬʴʫʰʲʴʰ ʩʨʫʬʩʬʴ ʭʨʸʴʨˀʸʨʳʨʹ ʹʰʹʺʬʳʰʹʨʯʭʰʹ
ˀʬʹʨʼʬʸʰʹ ʯʨʵʩʬʩʹ.
ʭʨʸʴʨˀʸʨʳʨ-ʫˈʨʸʳʨʹ ʫʨ˂ʬʳʨʹʯʨʴ ʬʸʯʨʫ, ʩʻʴʬʩʸʰʭʰʨ, ʽʨʲʬʩʰ
ʯʨʭʰʹʻʼʲʬʩʨʹ ʰ˃ʬʴʬʴ, ʵˇʨˆʰʹ ʪʨʸʬʯ ʬ˃ʬʩʬʴ ʪʨʸʯʵʩʨʹ, ʨʸ ʬʸʰʫʬʩʰʨʴ
ʹʰ˃ʭʨʹ ʫʨ ʯʨʭʨʫ ʳʵʱʲʬʩʻʲʴʰ ʹʻʲʰʬʸʬʩʰʹ ʳʨʫʲʹ, ˀʯʨʳʵʳʨʭʲʵʩʨʹʨ˂
ʳʨʴʱʰʬʸʹʨ ʫʨ ʻʸ˄ʳʻʴʵʹ ʨʳʸʨʭʲʬʩʬʴ. Eʬʹ ʹʨʮʵʪʨʫʵʬʩʰʹʯʭʰʹ ʻʫʰʫʬʹʰ
ʹʨˀʰˀʸʬʵʩʨʨ. ʯʨʭʽʨʸʰʨʴʰ ʳʨʳʨʱʨ˂ʬʩʰ˂ ˆʬʲʹ ʻ˄ʿʵʩʬʴ ʪʨʸʿʭʴʰʲʬʩʨʹ ʫʨ

18

ʳʸʨʭʲʫʬʩʨ ʹʻʲʰʯˆʵʸ˂ʨʳʫʬ ʫʨʹʴʬʩʵʭʨʴʬʩʻʲʰ ʱʨ˂ʯʨ ʳʵʫʪʳʨ, ʸʨʹʨ˂
ʯʨʴ ʹʫʬʭʹ ʵʳʬʩʰʹʨ ʫʨ ʬʶʰʫʬʳʰʬʩʰʹ ʹʨˀʰˀʸʵʬʩʨ.
41) ʳʨʴʱʰʬʸʯʨ ʫʨ ʳʱʭʲʬʲʯʨ ʳʵ˅ʨʸʩʬʩʨ ˃ʰʸˀʰʭʬ ʳʵʨʸʿʬʭʹ ʵˇʨˆʰʹʨ ʫʨ
ʳʰʹʰ ʺʸʨʫʰ˂ʰʬʩʰʹ ʩʨʲʨʭʨʸʹ. ʯʭʰʯ ʫʨʳʨʴʪʸʬʭʬʲʯʨ ʹʰ˂ʵ˂ˆʲʬ
ˇʵˇʵˆʬʯʨʫ ʰʽ˂ʬʭʨ, ʨʹʬ ˄ʨˆʫʬʩʰʨʴ ʳʵʫʪʳʨʯʨ ˄ʰʴʨʶʸʬʩʰ ʫʨ ʽʭʬʿʴʨʫ
ʨʾʨʸʨʭʰʴ ʰʩʵʪʰʴʬʩʹ ʰʹʬʯʰ, ʳʨʯ ˄ʿʲʰʹ ʿʲʻʶʰ ʫʨ ʶʻʸʰʹ ʲʻʱʳʨ
ˀʬʹʯʨʭʨʮʵʹ.
ˀʰʴʨ-ʨʸʹʰ: ʱʨʸʳʰʻʲʰ ʹʨʽʳʰʨʴʵʩʰʹ ˄ʬʹʬʩʰʹʨ ʫʨ ˄ʬʹʸʰʪʰʹ ʯʨʴʨˆʳʨʫ,
ʵˇʨˆʰʹ ˄ʰʴʨʶʨʸʯʨʯʭʰʹ ˆʨʴʫʨˆʨʴ ʹʨ˅ʳʲʰʹʨ ʫʨ ˄ʿʲʰʹ ˀʬʯʨʭʨʮʬʩʨʨ
ʹʨ˅ʰʸʵ. ʨʳ ʺʸʨʫʰ˂ʰʰʹ ˀʬʹʸʻʲʬʩʨ ʭʰˀʴʻʹ ʯʨʿʭʨʴʰʹ˂ʬʳʰʯ ˆʫʬʩʨ,
ʭʰʴʨʰʫʨʴ ʻʮʬʴʨʬʹʰʹʨʯʭʰʹ ˀʬʯʨʭʨʮʬʩʻʲ ʱʬʸ˃ʹ ˀʬʳʫʬʪ ʭʰʴ˂ ʳʰʰʸʯʳʬʭʹ,
ˀʬ˃ʲʬʩʹ ʿʵʭʬʲʪʭʨʸ ˂ʵʫʭʨʯʨʪʨʴ ʪʨʴ˄ʳʬʴʫʨʹ.
ʮʵʪˇʬʸ ˄ʰʴʨʶʸʬʩʰ ʳʸʨʭʨʲʰ ˂ʵʫʭʰʯ ʨʸʰʨʴ ʫʨʳ˃ʰʳʬʩʻʲʴʰ, ʸʰʹ ʪʨʳʵ˂
ʮʵʪʰ ʳʨʯʪʨʴʰ ʻˆʬˀ, ʳʨʺʬʸʰʨʲʻʸ ʹˆʬʻʲʹʨ˂ ʱʰ ʭʬʸ ʬʾʰʸʹʬʩʨ ʫʨ
ʰ˃ʻʲʬʩʻʲʰʨ ʳʽʸʽʨʲ ʹʨʩʻʸʭʬʲˀʰ ʪʨʳʵˆʭʬʻʲʰ ʳʵˁʭʬʴʬʩʨʹʨʭʰʯ
ʰʼʨʸʼʨʺʵʹ ʨʾʳʨ-ʫʨʾʳʨ.
ʨʳʸʰʪʨʫ, ʸʵʫʬʹʨ˂ ˀʯʨʳʵʳʨʭʲʬʩʰ ʯʨʭʰʨʴʯ ˄ʰʴʨʶʸʬʩʹ ʶʸʨʹʨʫʹ
ʹʯʨʭʨʮʵʩʬʴ, ˄ʰʴʨʶʸʬʩʰ ʯʨʭʹ ʨʾ˄ʬʭʬʴ ʳʵˁʭʬʴʬʩʬʩʨʫ ʿʵʼʴʨʹʨ ʯʻ ʹˆʭʨ
ʹʨˆʰʹ ʹʨˀʰʴʬʲ ʪʨʴʹʨ˂ʫʬʲʹ. ʨʫʨʳʰʨʴʯʨ ʳʰʬʸ ʬʸʯʳʨʴʬʯʰʹʨʯʭʰʹ ʨʹʬʯʰ
ʫʨˆʳʨʸʬʩʨ ʵˇʨˆʻʸʰ ʺʸʨʫʰ˂ʰʨʨ - ʹʨʻʱʻʴʬʯʨ ʳʰʾʳʨ ˀʸʬʬʩʰʫʨʴ
ʳʵʳʫʰʴʨʸʬ - ʫʨ ʭʰʴ˂ ʾʭʯʰʹ ʬʸʯʪʻʲʬʩʰʯ ʨʸ ˂ˆʵʭʸʵʩʹ, ʨʹʬʯʰ
ʸʰʺʻʨʲʬʩʰʹ ˀʬʹʸʻʲʬʩʨ ʳʵʬʯˆʵʭʬʩʨʯ. ʳʨʯ ʱʰ, ʭʰʴ˂ ʳʯʬʲʰ ʪʻʲʰʯ
ʬʳʹʨˆʻʸʬʩʨ ʻʼʨʲʹ, ʨʸ ʫʨʹ˅ʰʸʫʬʩʨʯ ʨʹʬʯʰ ʪʨʸˇʨ - ʰʹʰʴʰ ˃ʨʲʰʨʴ ʰʵʲʨʫ
ˀʬ˃ʲʬʩʬʴ ʨʹʵʩʰʯʨ ʫʨ ʨʯʨʹʵʩʰʯ ˄ʰʴʨʶʸʰʹ ˂ʵʫʭʰʲʰ ʹʻʲʰʹ ʫʨˆʹʴʨʹ
ʿʵʭʬʲʪʭʨʸʰ ʺʨʴˇʭʰʹʨʪʨʴ. "ʩˈʨʪʨʭʨʺʨʳˀʰ" (11.5.41)
ʴʨʯʽʭʨʳʰʨ:
"ʭʰʴ˂ ˈʶʵʭʨ ʯʨʭʰʹʻʼʲʬʩʰʹ ʳʵʳʴʰ˅ʬʩʲʰʹ - ʳʻʱʻʴʫʨʹ ʲʵʺʵʹʰʹʫʨʸ
ʺʬʸʼʯʨ ʯʨʭˀʬʹʨʼʨʸʰ, ʳʰʨʺʵʭʨ ʿʵʭʬʲʪʭʨʸʰ ʳʵʭʨʲʬʵʩʨ ʫʨ ʹʸʻʲʰ
ʳʵ˄ʨʫʰʴʬʩʰʯ ʫʨʨʫʪʨ ʨʳ ʪʮʨʹ, ʳʨʹ ʨʾʨʸʨ ʹ˃ʬʭʹ ʸʨʰʳʬ ʭʨʲʫʬʩʻʲʬʩʨ
ʴʨˆʬʭʨʸʾʳʬʸʯʯʨ, ʩʸ˃ʬʴʯʨ, ʹʨʬʸʯʵʫ ˂ʵ˂ˆʨʲ ʨʸʹʬʩʨʯʨ, ʵˇʨˆʰʹ ˄ʬʭʸʯʨ,
˄ʰʴʨʶʸʬʩʰʹ ʯʻ ʳʯʬʲʰ ʱʨ˂ʵʩʸʰʵʩʰʹ ˄ʰʴʨˀʬ. ʻʮʬʴʨʬʹʰ ʾʭʯʨʬʩʸʰʭʰ
ʶʰʸʵʭʴʬʩʰʹ ʬʸʯʪʻʲʰ ʹʨʳʹʨˆʻʸʰʯ ʰʪʰ ʯʨʭʰʹʯʨʭʨʫ ʰˆʫʰʹ ʨʳ
ʭʨʲʫʬʩʻʲʬʩʬʩʹ."
42 ʵˇʨˆʻʸʰ ʺʸʨʫʰ˂ʰʬʩʰʹ ʫʨʳʨʴʪʸʬʭʬʲʯʨ ʨʭʱʨ˂ʵʩʰʹ ʼʬʹʭʮʬ
ʨʾʳʵ˂ʬʴʫʬʩʰʨʴ ʮʴʬʴʨʱʲʻʲʰ ʯʨʵʩʬʩʰ, ʪʨ˂ʨʳʺʭʬʸʫʬʩʨ ʪʭʨʸʰʹ ʳʵʳʨʭʨʲʰ
ʫʨ ʵˇʨˆʻʸʰ ʱʬʯʰʲʫʾʬʵʩʨ ʨʾʰʪʭʬʩʨ ʹʨʳʨʸʨʫʷʨʳʵʫ.
19

ˀʰʴʨ-ʨʸʹʰ: ʨʫʨʳʰʨʴʯʨ ʹʨʮʵʪʨʫʵʬʩʰʹ ʵʯˆʰʭʬ ʼʬʴʰʹ ʬʸʯʵʩʲʰʭʰ
ʹʨʳʵʳʨʭʲʵ ʪʬʪʳʬʩʰ ʵˇʨˆʰʹ ʱʬʯʰʲʫʾʬʵʩʰʹʨʯʭʰʹ ʪʨ˄ʬʻʲ
ʹʨʽʳʰʨʴʵʩʨʹʯʨʴ ʬʸʯʨʫ (ʸʨ˂ ʹʨʴʨʺʨʴʨ-ʫˈʨʸʳʨʹʨ ʫʨ ʭʨʸʴʨˀʸʨʳʨ-ʫˈʨʸʳʨʹ
ʹʨʮʵʪʨʫʵʬʩʰʹʨʯʭʰʹʨʨ ʫʨʳʨˆʨʹʰʨʯʬʩʬʲʰ), ʪʨʴʱʻʯʭʴʰʲʰʨ ʰʳʰʹʯʭʰʹʨ˂,
ʸʵʳ ʶʰʸʵʭʴʬʩʨʹ ʹʨʩʵʲʵʵ ˆʹʴʰʹ ʪʮʨ ʪʨʻʴʨʯʵʹ.
ʸʵ˂ʨ ʻʶʨʹʻˆʰʹʳʪʬʩʲʵ ʲʰʫʬʸʬʩʰ ʹʨʴʨʺʨʴʨ-ʫˈʨʸʳʨʹ ʺʸʨʫʰ˂ʰʬʩʹ
ʻʪʻʲʭʬʩʬʲʿʵʼʬʴ, ʹʨʮʵʪʨʫʵʬʩʨ ʽʨʵʹˀʰ ʰʴʯʽʳʬʩʨ - ˆʨʲˆʰ ʰʭʰ˄ʿʬʩʹ
ʯʨʭʫʨʶʰʸʭʬʲ ʳʰʮʨʴʹ, ʨʴʻ ʭʰˀʴʻʹ. ʨʳʪʭʨʸʰ ʳˆʬʫʭʬʲʵʩʨʫʨˀʸʬʺʰʲʰ
ʳʬʯʨʻʸʬʩʰʹ ʳʰʳʫʬʭʸʬʩʰ ʻʼʹʱʸʻʲʰʹʨʱʬʴ ʳʰʬʽʨʴʬʩʰʨʴ.
43) ʵ, ʱʸʰˀʴʨ, ʱʨ˂ʯʨ ʳʵʫʪʳʰʹ ʹʻʲʰʹˁʨʳʫʪʳʬʲʵ, ʳʵ˄ʨʼʬʵʩʸʰʭʰ ʸʰʪʰʹ
ʩʸ˃ʬʴʯʨʪʨʴ ʳʹʳʬʴʰʨ, ʸʵʳ ˇʵˇʵˆʬʯʰʨ ʵˇʨˆʻʸʰ ʺʸʨʫʰ˂ʰʬʩʰʹ ʹʰ˄ʳʰʴʫʰʹ
ʨʳʨʳʾʭʸʬʭʬʲʯʨ ʹʨʻʱʻʴʵ ʹʨʳʿʵʼʬʲʰ.
ˀʰʴʨ-ʨʸʹʰ: ʨʸˇʻʴʨ ʰʳʵ˄ʳʬʩʹ ʨʸʨ ʶʰʸʨʫ ʪʨʳʵ˂ʫʰʲʬʩʨʹ, ʨʸʨʳʬʫ ʰʳʨʹ, ʸʨ˂
ʨʾʰʨʸʬʩʻʲ ʩʸ˃ʬʴʯʨʪʨʴ ʳʵʻʹʳʬʴʰʨ - ʬʹ ʨʸʰʹ ˅ʬˀʳʨʸʰʺ ˂ʵʫʴʨʹʯʨʴ
ʮʰʨʸʬʩʰʹ ʻʺʿʻʨʸʰ ʪʮʨ. ˀʬʻ˃ʲʬʩʬʲʰʨ ʸʨʳʬʹ ʹ˄ʨʭʲʨ ʾʸʳʨʫ ʳ˂ʵʫʴʬ,
ʨʭʺʵʸʰʺʬʺʻʲʰ ʶʰʸʵʭʴʬʩʰʹ ʫʨˆʳʨʸʬʩʰʹ ʪʨʸʬˀʬ. ʭʨʸʴʨˀʸʨʳʨʹ
ʹʨʮʵʪʨʫʵʬʩʨˀʰ ʨʸʹʬʩʵʩʹ ʪʨʸʱʭʬʻʲʰ ʹʰʹʺʬʳʨ, ʸʵʳʲʰʹ ʹʨˀʻʨʲʬʩʰʯʨ˂
ʹʰʱʭʫʰʲʰʹ ˄ʰʴ ʨʫʨʳʰʨʴʳʨ ʯʨʭʰʹʰ ʻʱʬʯʻʸʰ ʹʨʽʳʬʴʰ ʻʴʫʨ ʳʵʰʴʨʴʰʵʹ. ʳʨʴ,
ʭʰʴ˂ ˂ʵʫʭʰʲʰ ˂ʴʵʩʰʬʸʬʩʰʯ ʪʨʲʰʨ ˄ʻʯʰʹʵʼʬʲʰ, ʻʴʫʨ ʰʹʨʸʪʬʩʲʵʹ
ʹʻʲʰʹ ˆʹʴʰʹ ʨʳ ˀʬʹʨ˃ʲʬʩʲʵʩʰʯ (ʳʨʹ ʶʸʨʰʨˀˁʰʺʨ ʬ˄ʵʫʬʩʨ).
ʳʵʻʴʨʴʰʬʩʲʨʫ ʨʾʹʸʻʲʬʩʻʲʰ ʱʨ˂ʰ ʨʻ˂ʰʲʬʩʲʨʫ ˇʵˇʵˆʬʯʰʹ
ʶʲʨʴʬʺʬʩʮʬ ʳʵˆʭʫʬʩʨ, ʸʨʯʨ ʹʰ˂ʵ˂ˆʲʬˀʰ ˁʨʫʬʴʰʲ ˂ʵʫʭʨʯʨ ʪʨʳʵ
ʹʨʳʨʸʨʫʰʹʵ ʺʨʴˇʭʰʹ ʻʾʬʲʰ ʨʺʨʸʵʹ.
44) ʭʨʰ ˁʭʬʴ - ʻʳ˃ʰʳʬʹ ˂ʵʫʭʨʯʨ ˁʨʳʫʬʴʯ! ʫʨˇʬʸʬʩʨ˂ ʱʰ ˃ʴʬʲʰʨ, ʸʵʳ
ʹʨʳʬʼʬ ˆʬʲʰʹʻʼʲʬʩʰʹ ʼʲʵʩʰʯ ʴʬʺʨʸʬʩʨʹ ʳʵ˄ʿʻʸʬʩʻʲʯ ʴʨʯʬʹʨʭʬʩʰʹ
ʨʳʵˆʵ˂ʭʨ ˀʬʪʭʰ˃ʲʰʨ.
ˀʰʴʨ-ʨʸʹʰ: ʳʰʱʬʸ˃ʵʬʩʻʲʰ ʹʻʸʭʰʲʬʩʰʯ ˀʬʶʿʸʵʩʰʲ ʨʫʨʳʰʨʴʹ
ʽʭʬˀʬ˂ʴʬʻʲʨʫ ʹʨʱʻʯʨʸʰ ʫʬʫ-ʳʨʳʰʹ ʳʵʱʭʲʨ ˀʬʻ˃ʲʰʨ. ʳʹʵʼʲʰʵ
ʰʹʺʵʸʰʨˀʰ ʨʳʰʹ ʻʨʳʸʨʭʰ ʳʨʪʨʲʰʯʰ ʳʵʰ˃ʬʩʴʬʩʨ. ʳʨʪʸʨʳ ʨʸˇʻʴʨʹ, ʸʵʪʵʸ˂
ʻʼʲʰʹ ˄ʳʰʴʫʨ ʬʸʯʪʻʲʹ, ʨʸʨʹʵʫʬʹ ʺʵʭʬʩʹ ʮʴʬʵʩʸʰʵʩʨ, ʨʳʰʺʵʳʨ˂
˂ʫʰʲʵʩʹ ʯʨʭʰ ʨʨʸʰʫʵʹ ˃ʳʨʯʨʳʱʭʲʬʲ ʵʳʹ.

20

45) ʳʬ ʳʰʸˁʬʭʴʰʨ ʰʨʸʨʾʨʿʸʰʲʰ ʫʨ ˄ʰʴʨʨʾʳʫʬʪʵʩʰʹ ˃ʨʸʾʭʳʵʫʻʴʬʩʻʲʰ
ˀʬ˅ʻʸʭʰʲʳʨ ʫˈʸʰʺʨʸʨˀʺʸʨʹ ˀʭʰʲʬʩʳʨ ʨʹʵ-ʨʹʵ ʨʳʱʻ˄ʵʴ ʩʸ˃ʵʲʰʹ
ʭʬʲʮʬ.
ˀʰʴʨ-ʨʸʹʰ: ʽˀʨʺʸʰʨʯʨ ʹʨʩʸ˃ʵʲʵ ʱʨʴʵʴʬʩʰʹ ʯʨʴʨˆʳʨʫ, ʻʰʨʸʨʾʵ ʫʨ
ʳˀʭʰʫʨʫ ʳʫʪʵʳ ʳʺʬʸʮʬ ʯʨʭʫʨʹˆʭʨ ʨʸ ˀʬʰ˃ʲʬʩʨ. ʨʸˇʻʴʨʳ ʪʨʫʨ˄ʿʭʰʺʨ,
ʳʨˀʰʴʨ˂ ʱʰ ʨʸ ˀʬʩʸ˃ʵʲʬʩʵʫʨ ˀʬʺʬʭʨʮʬ ʪʨʫʳʵʹʻʲ ʳʺʬʸʹ, ʯʻ ʰʹʰʴʰ ʳʰʹ
ʯʭʰʴʰʬʸ ʶʵʮʰ˂ʰʨʹ ʨʸʨʫ ˁʨʨʪʫʬʩʫʴʬʴ. ʨʸˇʻʴʨʹ ʬʹ ʹʻʲʪʸ˃ʬʲʵʩʨ
ʪʨʳʵ˄ʭʬʻʲʰ ʰʿʵ ʰʳʰʯ, ʸʵʳ ʰʪʰ ʻʼʲʰʹ ʬʸʯʪʻʲʰ ʰʿʵ.
46) ʹʨʴˇʨʰʨʳ ʨʹʬ ʫʨʨʹʸʻʲʨ ʯˆʸʵʩʨ: ˄ʨʸʳʵʯʽʭʨ ʸʨ ʬʹ ʩʵʲʵ ʹʰʺʿʭʬʩʰ
ʩʸ˃ʵʲʰʹ ʭʬʲʮʬ, ʨʸˇʻʴʨʳ ʳˀʭʰʲʫ-ʰʹʨʸʰ ʪʨʫʨʫʵ ʫʨ ʬʺʲʰʹ ʹʱʨʳʮʬ
ʫʨʬˀʭʨ. ʳʸʻʳʬ ʹʬʭʫʨ ˀʬʳʵʹ˃ʨʲʭʵʫʨ ʳʰʹ ʪʵʴʬʩʨʹ.
ˀʰʴʨ-ʨʸʹʰ: ʳʺʸʰʹ ʪʨʴʲʨʪʬʩʰʹ ʫʨʯʭʨʲʰʬʸʬʩʰʹʨʹ ʨʸˇʻʴʨ ʹʨʵʳʨʸ ʬʺʲˀʰ
ˀʬʳʨʸʯʻʲʨʫ ʫʨ ʨʳʨʿʨʫ ʰʫʪʨ, ʳʨʪʸʨʳ ʳ˄ʨʸʬ ʼʰʽʸʬʩʳʨ ʰʳʫʬʴʨʫ
ʫʨʯʸʪʻʴʨ ʰʪʰ, ʸʵʳ ʹʱʨʳʮʬ ʫʨʬˀʭʨ ʫʨ ʳʵʳʨʸˇʭʬʩʻʲʰ ʳˀʭʰʲʫʰ ʪʨʫʨʫʵ.
ʹ˄ʵʸʬʫ ʨʹʬʯʰ ʱʬʯʰʲʰ, ʪʻʲʳʵ˄ʿʨʲʬ ʨʫʨʳʰʨʴʰ, ʸʵʳʬʲʰ˂ ˄ʳʰʴʫʨʫ
ʬʳʹʨˆʻʸʬʩʨ ʻʼʨʲʹ, ʾʰʸʹʰʨ - ˀʬʰ˂ʴʵʹ ʹʨʱʻʯʨʸʰ "ʳʬ".

21

ʯʨʭʰ ʳʬʵʸʬ
ʪʰʺʨʹ ʳʵʱʲʬ ˀʰʴʨʨʸʹʰ
1) ʹʨʴˇʨʰʨʳ ʯʽʭʨ: ʪʵʴʫʨʯʸʪʻʴʻʲʰ, ʹʰʩʸʨʲʻʲʰʯ ʨʾʹʨʭʬ ʫʨ
ʯʭʨʲ˂ʸʬʳʲʰʨʴʰ ʨʸˇʻʴʨʹ ʫʨʴʨˆʭʨʮʬ ʳʨʫˈʻʹʻʫʨʴʨʳ – ʱʸʰˀʴʨʳ ˀʬʳʫʬʪʰ
ʯʽʭʨ.
ˀʰʴʨ-ʨʸʹʰ: ʳʰ˄ʰʬʸʰ ʹʰʩʸʨʲʻʲʰ, ʪʲʵʭʨ ʫʨ ˂ʸʬʳʲʬʩʰ ʹʨʱʻʯʨʸʰ ʳʬʵʩʰʹ
ʭʬʸˀʬʳ˂ʴʵʩʰ ʨʫʨʳʰʨʴʰʹ ʫʨʳʨˆʨʹʰʨʯʬʩʬʲʰʨ. ʯʭʰʯʸʬʨʲʰʮʬʩʻʲʰ
ʶʰʸʵʭʴʬʩʰʹ ˀʰʴʨʪʨʴʰ ˆʬʫʭʨ ʳʨʸʨʫʰʻʲʰ ʹʻʲʰʹʨʱʬʴ ʨʸʰʹ ʳʰʳʨʸʯʻʲʰ.
ʨʳ ʲʬʽʹˀʰ ʳʴʰˀʭʴʬʲʵʭʨʴʰʨ ʹʰʺʿʭʨ “ʳʨʫˈʻʹʻʫʨʴʨ”. ʬʹ ʹʨˆʬʲʰ ʻʼʨʲʳʨ
ʳʰʰʾʵ ʫʬʳʵʴʰ ʳʨʫˈʻʹ ʳʵʱʭʲʰʹ ˀʬʳʫʬʪ. ʨʸˇʻʴʨʹ ʱʰ ʹʻʸʫʨ, ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ ʳʰʹ
ʪʵʴʬʩʨˀʰ ʳʵʬʱʲʨ ʪʨʻʪʬʩʸʵʩʰʹ ʰʹ ʫʬʳʵʴʰ, ʸʵʳʬʲʳʨ˂ ʳʵʭʨʲʬʵʩʰʹ
ʨʾʹʸʻʲʬʩʰʹ ˄ʰʴ ˀʬʰʶʿʸʵ ʫʨ ʯʨʭʪʮʨ ʨʻʩʴʰʨ. ʨʸʨʭʰʴ ʻ˄ʿʰʹ, ʹʨʫ ʫʨ
ʸʵʫʰʹ ʻʴʫʨ ʪʨʳʵʭʨʳʷʾʨʭʴʵʯ ʹʰʩʸʨʲʻʲʰ. ʪʨʴʨ ʻʨʮʸʵʩʨ ʨʸ ʨʸʰʹ,
ʫʨʪʬʴʨʴʵʹ ʰʳ ʱʨ˂ʰʹ ʺʨʴʹʨ˂ʳʬʲʰ, ʸʵʳʬʲʰ˂ ˄ʿʨʲˀʰ ʰˆʸˁʵʩʨ. ˁʭʬʴ˂ ˆʵʳ
ʭʬʸ ʭʰˆʹʴʰʯ ʻʳʬ˂ʸʬʩʰʹ ʵʱʬʨʴʬˀʰ ˁʨʭʨʸʫʴʰʲʹ ʳʰʹʰ ʺʨʴʰʹʨʳʵʹʰʹ – ʻˆʬˀʰ
ʳʨʺʬʸʰʨʲʻʸʰ ʹˆʬʻʲʰʹ ʫʨʴʨʴʬʩʰʯʨ ʫʨ ʪʨʫʨʸˁʬʴʰʹ ʹʻʸʭʰʲʰʯ. ʳʨʹ,
ʭʰʴ˂ ʬʹ ʨʸ ʰ˂ʰʹ ʫʨ ʪʨʸʬʪʨʴ ˀʬʹʨʳʵʹʬʲʹ ʫʨʹʺʰʸʰʹ, ˀʻʫʸʨ ˈʽʭʰʨ (ʨʴʻ
ʻʨʮʸʵʫ ʳʪʲʵʭʰʨʸʬ).
ʨʸˇʻʴʨ ʽˀʨʺʸʰʨ ʪʨˆʲʫʨʯ ʫʨ ʳʰʹʪʨʴ ʨʹʬʯʰ ʹʰʹʻʹʺʬ ʳʵʻʲʵʫʴʬʲʰ
ʰʿʵ. ʿʵʭʲʰʹˀʬʳ˃ʲʬ ʻʼʨʲʹ ʨʮʸʯʨ˅ʰʫʰʲʰʯ ʫʨʩʴʬʻʲʰ ʱʨ˂ʰʹ
ʫʨʱʭʨʲʰʨʴʬʩʨ ʫʨ ʨʳʨʵ ʪʲʵʭʰʹ ʪʨʽʨʸ˄ʿʲʬʩʨ ˀʬʻ˃ʲʰʨ. ʹ˄ʵʸʬʫ ʨʫʨʳʰʨʴʯʨ
ʹ˄ʵʸ ʪʮʨʮʬ ʫʨʹʨʿʬʴʬʩʲʨʫ ʰʳʾʬʸʨ ʳʨʴ “ʩˈʨʪʨʭʨʫ-ʪʰʺʨ”.
ʳʵ˂ʬʳʻʲʰ ʯʨʭʰ ʪʭʨʹ˄ʨʭʲʰʹ, ʸʵʪʵʸ ʻʴʫʨ ʳʰʨʾ˄ʰʵʹ ʶʰʸʵʭʴʬʩʨʳ
ʹʨʱʻʯʨʸʰ ʯʨʭʰʹ ˀʬ˂ʴʵʩʨʹ ʳʨʺʬʸʰʨʲʻʸʰ ʹˆʬʻʲʰʹʨ ʫʨ
ʺʸʨʴʹ˂ʬʴʫʬʴʺʻʸʰ ʹʻʲʰʹ ʪʨʴʹˇʰʯʨ ʫʨ ˀʬʹ˄ʨʭʲʰʯ. ʨʴʨʲʰʺʰʱʻʸʰ
ˀʬʹ˄ʨʭʲʰʹ ʬʹ ʪʮʨ ʯʭʰʯ ʻʳʨʾʲʬʹʳʨ ʨʭʺʵʸʰʺʬʺʳʨ, ʻʼʨʲʳʨ ˀʸʰ ʱʸʰˀʴʨʳ
ʪʨʴʳʨʸʺʨ.
ˀʬʳʬ˂ʴʬʩʰʹ ʨʳʨʾʲʬʩʨ ˀʬʹʨ˃ʲʬʩʬʲʰʨ ʳˆʵʲʵʫ ʳʨˀʰʴ, ʸʵʫʬʹʨ˂ ˂ʵ˂ˆʨʲʰ
ʨʸʹʬʩʨ ʱʨʸʳʰʻʲʰ ˀʸʵʳʰʹ ˀʬʫʬʪʬʩʹ ʨʸ ʬʲʺʭʰʹ ʫʨ ʹʨʱʻʯʨʸʰ ˅ʬˀʳʨʸʰʺʰ
ʳʬʵʩʰʹ ˀʬʻʭʨʲʨʫ ʳʸ˄ʳʬʴʰʨ.
2) ʻʮʬʴʨʬʹʳʨ ʾʭʯʨʬʩʸʰʭʳʨ ʶʰʸʵʭʴʬʩʨʳ ʾʨʾʨʫ-ˈʿʵ: ˁʬʳʵ ˃ʭʰʸʼʨʹʵ
ʨʸˇʻʴʨ, ʸʵʪʵʸ ʫʨʪʸʰʨ ˆʬʲʰ ʨʹʬʯʳʨ ʻ˄ʳʰʴʫʻʸʬʩʨʳ?! ʬʹ ʻʺʿʻʨʸʨʫ ʨʸ
ˀʬˀʭʬʴʰʹ ʳʨʹ, ʭʰʹʨ˂ ˀʬ˂ʴʵʩʰʲʰ ʨʽʭʹ ʹʨʱʻʯʨʸʰ ʨʸʹʬʩʵʩʰʹ ˅ʬˀʳʨʸʰʺʰ
ʳʴʰˀʭʴʬʲʵʩʨ. ˅ʱʻʨ-ʪʵʴʬʩʰʹ ʨʳʸʬʭʰ ʨʹʬʯʰ ʪʨʴ˂ʫʬʩʰ ʻʳʨʾʲʬʹ
ʶʲʨʴʬʺʬʩʨʳʫʬ ʱʰ ʨʸʨ, ʹʰʸ˂ˆʭʰʲʨʳʫʬ ʳʰʪʰʿʭʨʴʹ.

1

Tavi meore – gitas mokle Sinaarsi

ˀʰʴʨ-ʨʸʹʰ: ʱʸʰˀʴʨ ʻʮʬʴʨʬʹʰ ʾʭʯʨʬʩʸʰʭʰ ʶʰʸʵʭʴʬʩʨʨ, ʨʳʰʺʵʳ ʳʯʬʲ
“ʪʰʺʨˀʰ” ʰʪʰ ʩˈʨʪʨʭʨʴʰʹ ʹʨˆʬʲʰʯ ʳʵʰˆʹʬʴʰʬʩʨ. ʩˈʨʪʨʭʨʴʰ ʨʩʹʵʲʻʺʻʸʰ
˅ʬˀʳʨʸʰʺʬʩʰʹ ʻʳʨʾʲʬʹʰ, ʩʵʲʵ ʹʨʼʬˆʻʸʰʹ ʹʨˆʬʲʰʨ. ʨʩʹʵʲʻʺʻʸʰ
˅ʬˀʳʨʸʰʺʬʩʰʹ ˄ʭʫʵʳʨ ˀʬʳʬ˂ʴʬʩʰʹ ʹʨʳ ʼʨʮʨʫ ˆʫʬʩʨ: ʻʼʨʲʰ, ʸʵʪʵʸ˂
ʩʸʨˈʳʨʴʰ – ʻʶʰʸʵʭʴʵ, ʿʵʭʲʰʹʪʨʳ˅ʵʲʰ ʹʻʲʰ; ʶʨʸʨʳʨʺʳʨ, ʨʴʻ
ʲʵʱʨʲʰʮʬʩʻʲʰ ʨʹʶʬʽʺʰ, ʸʵʳʬʲʰ˂ ʿʵʭʬʲʰ ˂ʵ˂ˆʨʲʰ ʨʸʹʬʩʰʹ ʪʻʲˀʰ
ʹʻʼʬʭʹ; ʫʨ ʩˈʨʪʨʭʨʴʰ, ʨʴʻ ʯʨʭʨʫ ʻʮʬʴʨʬʹʰ, ʻʼʨʲʰ ʱʸʰˀʴʨ.
“ˀʸʰʳʨʫ-ʩˈʨʪʨʭʨʺʨʳˀʰ” (1.2.11) ʨʩʹʵʲʻʺʻʸʰ ˅ʬˀʳʨʸʰʺʬʩʨ ʨʹʬʨ
ʪʨʴʳʨʸʺʬʩʻʲʰ: ʨʩʹʵʲʻʺʻʸ ˅ʬˀʳʨʸʰʺʬʩʨʹʯʨʴ ʮʰʨʸʬʩʰʹ ʳʹʻʸʭʬʲʹ ʳʰʹʰ
ˀʬ˂ʴʵʩʨ ʻˆʫʬʩʨ ʹʨʳ ʼʨʮʨʫ, ʸʵʳʲʬʩʰ˂ ʬʸʯʳʨʴʬʯʰʹ ʺʵʲʼʨʹʴʰ ʨʸʰʨʴ. ʨʳ
ʼʨʮʬʩʰʹ ʹʰʳʩʵʲʻʸʰ ʪʨʳʵˆʨʺʻʲʬʩʨʴʰ ʨʸʰʨʴ ʩʸʨˈʳʨʴʰ, ʶʨʸʨʳʨʺʳʨ ʫʨ
ʩˈʨʪʨʭʨʴʰ.
ʬʹ ʹʨʳʰ ʾʭʯʨʬʩʸʰʭʰ ʨʹʶʬʽʺʰ ˀʬʪʭʰ˃ʲʰʨ ʴʨʯʬʲʭʿʵʯ ʳʮʰʹ ʳʨʪʨʲʰʯʰʯ.
ʳʮʬʹʨ˂ ʹʨʳʰ ʪʨʴʹˆʭʨʭʬʩʻʲʰ ʴʰˀʨʴʰ ʨʽʭʹ: ʯʨʭʨʫ ʳʮʬ, ʸʵʪʵʸ˂ ʱʵʹʳʰʻʸʰ
ʵʩʰʬʽʺʰ – ʶʲʨʴʬʺʨ, ʳʰʹʰ ʮʬʫʨʶʰʸʰ ʫʨ ʳʰʹʰ ˀʻʽʰ. ʰʹ, ʭʰʴ˂ ʳʮʰʹ, ʸʵʪʵ˂
ʳʯʲʰʨʴʰʹ, ˀʬʹ˄ʨʭʲʨʹ ʳʰʹʰ ʹˆʰʭʵʹʴʬʩʰʹ ˀʬ˂ʴʵʩʰʯ ʨʶʰʸʬʩʹ, ʫʨʳ˄ʿʬʩʰʨ ʫʨ
ʳʨʸʺʰʭʰʯ ʱʳʨʿʵʼʰʲʫʬʩʨ. ʻʼʸʵ ʳʬʺʰ ʬʹʳʰʹ ʳʨʹ, ʭʰʹʨ˂ ʳʮʰʹ ʮʬʫʨʶʰʸʰʹ
ʱʭʲʬʭʨ ʫʨʻʹʨˆʨʭʹ ʳʰʮʴʨʫ; ʻʼʸʵ ʳʨʾʨʲ ʹʨʼʬˆʻʸʮʬ ʫʪʨʹ ʰʹ, ʭʰʹʨ˂ ʳʮʬ
ʳʯʲʰʨʴʵʩʨˀʰ, ʨʴʻ ʸʵʪʵʸ˂ ʶʲʨʴʬʺʨ, ʨʰʴʺʬʸʬʹʬʩʹ; ʨʹʬʯ ʶʰʸʵʭʴʬʩʨʹ ʳʰʹʰ
ˀʬʹ˄ʨʭʲʰʯ ʳʮʬʳʫʬ ʨʳʨʾʲʬʩʨ˂ ˀʬʻ˃ʲʰʨ.
ˁʭʬʻʲʬʩʸʰʭ, ʳʵ˄ʨʼʬʬʩʰ, ʸʵʳʬʲʯʨ ʪʵʴʬʩʰʹ ʯʭʨʲʹʨ˄ʰʬʸʰ ʳˆʵʲʵʫ
ʳʮʰʹ ˀʻʽʰʹ, ʱʬʸ˃ʵʫ ʳʰʹʰ ʴʨʯʬʩʰʹ ʹʨʳʿʨʸʵˀʰ ʪʨʴʼʬʴʰʹʨ ʫʨ ʻʶʰʸʵʭʴʵ
ʩʻʴʬʩʰʹ ʳʵʱʨˀʱʨˀʬ ʹˆʰʭʰʬʸʬʩʰʹ ˀʬʹ˄ʨʭʲʨʹ ʹˇʬʸʫʬʩʰʨʴ, ˀʬʰ˃ʲʬʩʨ
ˀʬʭʨʫʨʸʵʯ ʨʩʹʵʲʻʺʻʸʰ ˅ʬˀʳʨʸʰʺʬʩʰʹ – ʩʸʨˈʳʨʴʰʹ ʨʹʶʬʽʺʰʹ ˀʬʳ˂ʴʵʩʯ.
ʻʼʸʵ ʪʵʴʬʩʨʴʨʯʬʲʰʨ ʰʹ, ʭʰʹʨ˂ ˀʬʻ˃ʲʰʨ ˀʬʰ˂ʴʵʹ, ʸʨ ʫʨ ʸʵʪʵʸʰʨ ʳʮʰʹ
ʫʰʹʱʵ. ʰʪʰ ˀʬʰ˃ʲʬʩʨ ˀʬʭʨʫʨʸʵʯ ʨʩʹʵʲʻʺʻʸʰ ˅ʬˀʳʨʸʰʺʬʩʰʹ –
ʶʨʸʨʳʨʺʳʨʹ ʨʹʶʬʽʺʰʹ ˀʬ˂ʴʵʩʰʹ ʫʵʴʬʹ. ʰʹ ʳʵ˄ʨʼʬ ʱʰ, ʸʵʳʬʲʹʨ˂
ˆʬʲʬ˄ʰʼʬʩʨ ˀʬʨʾ˄ʰʵʹ ʶʲʨʴʬʺʨ ʳʮʰʹ ʪʻʲˀʰ, ʻʺʵʲʫʬʩʨ ʳʨʹ, ʭʰʹʨ˂
ʻʮʬʴʨʬʹʰ ʨʩʹʵʲʻʺʻʸʰ ˅ʬˀʳʨʸʰʺʬʩʰʹ – ʩˈʨʪʨʭʨʴʰʹ ˀʬ˂ʴʵʩʨ ˀʬʻ˃ʲʰʨ.
ʩˈʨʽʺʬʩʰ, ʸʵʳʬʲʯʨ˂ ˀʬ˃ʲʬʹ ʨʩʹʵʲʻʺʻʸʰ ˅ʬˀʳʨʸʰʺʬʩʰʹ, ʨʴʻ
ʩˈʨʪʨʭʨʴʰʹ ʹʨʮʾʭʸʬʩˀʰ ˀʬʾ˄ʬʭʨ ʫʨ ˀʬʰ˂ʴʬʹ ʰʪʰ, ʻʳʨʾʲʬʹʰ
ʺʸʨʴʹ˂ʬʴʫʬʴʺʨʲʰʹʺʬʩʰ ʨʸʰʨʴ.
ʨʳʪʭʨʸʰ ʹˆʭʨʵʩʰʹ ʳʰʻˆʬʫʨʭʨʫ, ʿʵʭʬʲʰ ʳʵ˄ʨʼʬ ʨʹʬ ʯʻ ʰʹʬ ʹʨʳʰʭʬ ʳˆʸʰʭ
ʹ˄ʨʭʲʵʩʹ ʳʮʬʹ – ˀʬʻ˃ʲʬʩʬʲʰʨ ʳʮʰʹ ʹˆʰʭʵʹʴʬʩʰʹ, ʳʮʰʹ ʫʰʹʱʵʹʨ ʫʨ
ʶʲʨʴʬʺʰʹ ˄ʰʨʾˀʰ ʳʰʳʫʰʴʨʸʬ ʶʸʵ˂ʬʹʬʩʰʹ ʬʸʯʳʨʴʬʯʰʹʨʪʨʴ
ʪʨʴ˂ʨʲʱʬʭʬʩʰʯ ʪʨʪʬʩʨ. ʫʨ ʳʨʰʴ˂ ʳʮʰʹ ʨʾʴʰˀʴʻʲʰ ʹʨʳʰ ʪʨʴʹˆʭʨʭʬʩʻʲʰ
ʨʹʶʬʽʺʰʹ ˀʬʳʹ˄ʨʭʲʬʲʴʰ, ʸʵʪʵʸ˂ ʨʩʹʵʲʻʺʻʸʰ ˅ʬˀʳʨʸʰʺʬʩʰʹ
ˀʬʳ˂ʴʵʩʴʰ, ʬʸʯʹʨ ʫʨ ʰʳʨʭʬ ʱʨʺʬʪʵʸʰʨʹ ʨʸ ʳʰʬʱʻʯʭʴʬʩʰʨʴ.

2

Tavi meore – gitas mokle Sinaarsi

ʹʨʴʹʱʸʰʺʻʲʰ ʹʰʺʿʭʨ ʩˈʨʪʨʭʨʴʰ ʫʰʨʫʳʨ ʨʭʺʵʸʰʺʬʺʳʨ ʶʨʸʨˀʨʸʨ ʳʻʴʰʳ,
ʭʰʨʹʨʫʬʭʨʹ ʳʨʳʨ, ʪʨʴʳʨʸʺʨ. ʻʮʬʴʨʬʹ ʶʰʸʵʭʴʬʩʨʹ, ʸʵʳʬʲʰ˂ ʨʳ
ʹʨʳʿʨʸʵʹʬʻʲ ʹʰʳʫʰʫʸʬʹ, ʫʰʫʬʩʨʹ, ʳˀʭʬʴʰʬʸʬʩʨʹ, ˂ʵʫʴʨʹʨ ʫʨ
ʪʨʴʫʬʪʰʲʵʩʰʹ ʳʨʫʲʹ ʼʲʵʩʹ, ʩˈʨʪʨʭʨʴʰ ʬ˄ʵʫʬʩʨ. ʽʭʬʿʴʨʫ ʨʸʹʬʩʵʩʹ
ʳʸʨʭʨʲʰ ʳʫʰʫʨʸʰ, ˃ʲʰʬʸʰ, ʪʨʴʹ˄ʨʭʲʻʲʰ ʫʨ ʪʨʴʫʬʪʰʲʵʩʨʹ ʴʨʮʰʨʸʬʩʰ
ʶʰʸʵʭʴʬʩʨ, ʳʨʪʸʨʳ ʳʯʲʰʨʴʨʫ ʨʸʨʭʰʴ ʨʺʨʸʬʩʹ ʾʭʯʨʬʩʸʰʭ ʹʰʫʰʨʫʬʹ,
˃ʨʲʳʵʹʰʲʬʩʨʹ ʫʨ ʹˆʭ. ʯʭʰʹʬʩʬʩʹ. ʨʳʰʹ ʹʸʻʲʨʫ ʳʼʲʵʩʬʲʰ ʳˆʵʲʵʫ
ʱʸʰˀʴʨʨ – ʻʮʬʴʨʬʹʰ ʾʭʯʨʬʩʸʰʭʰ ʶʰʸʵʭʴʬʩʨ.
ʨʸ˂ʬʸʯʰ ˂ʵ˂ˆʨʲʰ ʨʸʹʬʩʨ, ʳʨʯ ˀʵʸʰʹ ʯʭʰʯ ʩʸʨˈʳʨ, ʻʼʨʲʰ ˀʰʭʨ ʨʴ
ʴʨʸʨʰʨʴʨ, ʨʸ ʨʸʰʨʴ ʾʰʸʹʽʳʴʰʲʴʰ ʰʹʬʯʰʭʬ ʹʸʻʲʿʵʼʰʲʬʩʰʯʨ ʫʨ
ʹʰʹʨʭʹʰʯ, ʸʵʪʵʸ˂ ʱʸʰˀʴʨ.
“ʩʸʨˈʳʨ-ʹʨʳˈʰʺʨˀʰ” ʯʨʭʨʫ ʻʼʨʲʰ ʩʸʨˈʳʨ ʳʰʫʰʹ ʰʳ ʫʨʹʱʭʴʨʳʫʬ, ʸʵʳ
ʿʵʭʬʲ ʳʰʮʬʮʯʨ ʻʳʨʾʲʬʹʰ ʳʰʮʬʮʰʨ ʱʸʰˀʴʨ – ʹ˄ʵʸʻʶʵʭʨʸʰ ʫʨ ʿʵʭʬʲʯʨ
ʮʬʫʨ ʨʾʳʨʺʬʩʻʲʰ. ʰʪʰʨ ʯʨʭʫʨʶʰʸʭʬʲʰ ʻʼʨʲʰ, ʩˈʨʪʨʭʨʴʰ, ʨʴʻ ʪʵʭʰʴʫʨ.
“ʩˈʨʪʨʭʨʴʰʹ ʪʨʸʱʭʬʻʲʰ ʯʭʰʹʬʩʬʩʰʹ ʳʽʵʴʬ ʳʸʨʭʨʲʰ ʶʰʸʵʭʴʬʩʨ ʰˁʬʴʹ
ˆʵʲʳʬ ʯʨʭʹ, ʳʨʪʸʨʳ ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ ʹʰʳʨʾʲʬʹ ʭʬʸʨʭʰʴ ʨʾʬʳʨʺʬʩʨ. ʰʪʰʨ ʻʮʬʴʨʬʹʰ
ʶʰʸʵʭʴʬʩʨ; ʹˆʬʻʲʰ ʳʰʹʰ ʳʨʸʨʫʰʻʲʰʨ, ˂ʵʫʴʰʯʨ ʫʨ ʴʬʺʨʸʬʩʰʯ ʨʾʹʨʭʹʬ.
ʰʪʰʨ ʶʰʸʭʬʲʻʼʨʲʰ ʪʵʭʰʴʫʨ – ʳʰʮʬʮʰ ʿʵʭʬʲʯʨ ʳʰʮʬʮʯʨ.” (“ʩʸʨˈʳʨʹʨʳˈʰʺʨ” 5.1)
“ʩˈʨʪʨʭʨʺʨʳˀʰ” ˁʨʳʵʯʭʲʰʲʰʨ ʻʼʲʰʹ ʳʸʨʭʨʲʰ ʰʴʱʨʸʴʨ˂ʰʰʹ ʹʨˆʬʲʰ;
ʳʨʯ ˀʵʸʰʹʨ˂ ʱʰ ʱʸʰˀʴʨ ʯʨʭʫʨʶʰʸʭʬʲ ʶʰʸʵʭʴʬʩʨʫ ʨʸʰʹ ʹʨˆʬʲʫʬʩʻʲʰ.
ʬʹ ʳʸʨʭʨʲʰ, ʳʸʨʭʨʲʰ ʪʨʸʫʨʹʨˆʭʨ ʹ˄ʵʸʬʫ ʻʮʬʴʨʬʹʰʹʨʪʨʴ ʳʵʳʫʰʴʨʸʬʵʩʹ.
ʨʽ ˁʨʳʵʯʭʲʰʲʰ ʿʵʭʬʲʰ ʻʼʲʰʹʳʰʬʸʰ ʰʴʱʨʸʴʨ˂ʰʨ ʻʼʲʰʹ ʹʸʻʲʰ ʨʴ
ʴʨ˄ʰʲʵʩʸʰʭʰ ʪʨʳʵʭʲʰʴʬʩʨʨ – ʯʨʭʨʫ ʱʸʰˀʴʨ ʱʰ ʸˁʬʩʨ ʻʮʬʴʨʬʹ ʾʭʯʨʬʩʸʰʭ
ʶʰʸʵʭʴʬʩʨʫ.” (ʩˈʨʪ. 1.3.28)
ʨʳʸʰʪʨʫ, ʱʸʰˀʴʨ ʨʸʰʹ ʯʨʭʫʨʶʰʸʭʬʲʰ ʻʮʬʴʨʬʹʰ ʾʭʯʨʬʩʸʰʭʰ ʶʰʸʵʭʴʬʩʨ,
ʨʩʹʵʲʻʺʻʸʰ ˅ʬˀʳʨʸʰʺʬʩʨ, ʹʨʯʨʭʬ ʮʬʹʻʲʰʹʨ ʫʨ ʻʶʰʸʵʭʴʵ ʩʸʨˈʳʨʴʰʹʨ.
ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ ʾʭʯʨʬʩʸʰʭʰ ʯʨʴʨʳʿʵʼʵʩʰʹ ʫʸʵʹ, ʳʨʸʯʲʨ˂, ʻʨʫʪʰʲʵʨ
ʨʸˇʻʴʨʹ ʪʲʵʭʨ ʯʨʭʰʹ ʴʨʯʬʹʨʭʬʩʮʬ. ʨʳʰʺʵʳ ʰʿʵ, ʸʵʳ ʻʼʨʲʳʨ
ʪʨʴ˂ʭʰʼʸʬʩʰʯ ˈʱʰʯˆʨ – “ʱʻʺʨˈ?” (ʹʨʰʫʨʴ?).
ʽˀʨʺʸʰʨʹʨʯʭʰʹ ˀʬʻʼʬʸʬʩʬʲʰ ʹʨʽ˂ʰʬʲʰ ʳʵʻʲʵʫʴʬʲʰ ʰʿʵ ʨʸʰʬʲʯʨ
ʹʨˆʬʲʰʯ ˂ʴʵʩʰʲʰ ˂ʰʭʰʲʰʮʬʩʻʲʰ ʹʨʮʵʪʨʫʵʬʩʰʹ
˄ʨʸʳʵʳʨʫʪʬʴʲʰʹʨʪʨʴ. ʨʸʰʬʲʬʩʰ ʬ˄ʵʫʬʩʨʯ ʳʨʯ, ʸʵʳʬʲʯʨ˂ ʬʹʳʰʯ
ʹʰ˂ʵ˂ˆʲʰʹ ʳʴʰˀʭʴʬʲʵʩʨ ʫʨ ʯʨʭʰʨʴʯ ˂ʰʭʰʲʰʮʨ˂ʰʨʹ ʹʻʲʰʬʸ
ˀʬʳʬ˂ʴʬʩʨʮʬ ʨʼʻ˃ʴʬʩʬʴ.
ʰʳʨʯ, ʭʰʹʨ˂ ʹʰ˂ʵ˂ˆʲʬʮʬ ʳʨʺʬʸʰʨʲʰʹʺʻʸʰ ˀʬˆʬʫʻʲʬʩʨ ʨʽʭʯ, ʨʸ
ʬʹʳʰʯ, ʸʵʳ ˂ˆʵʭʸʬʩʰʹ ʳʰʮʨʴʰ ʨʩʹʵʲʻʺʻʸʰ ˅ʬˀʳʨʸʰʺʬʩʰʹ – ʭʰˀʴʻʹ ʨʴʻ
ʩˈʨʪʨʭʨʴʰʹ ˀʬ˂ʴʵʩʨʨ, ʫʨ ʳʰ˄ʰʬʸʰ ʿʵʼʰʬʸʬʩʰʹ ʪʨʸʬʪʴʻʲʰ ʴʰˀʨʴ

3

Tavi meore – gitas mokle Sinaarsi

ʯʭʰʹʬʩʬʩʰʹ ʺʿʭʬʵʩʨˀʰ ʨʸʰʨʴ. ʨʳʰʺʵʳ ʭʬʸʨ ʫʨ ʭʬʸ ʰʪʬʩʬʴ, ʸʨ ʨʸʰʹ ʹʻʲʰʹ
ʪʨʴʯʨʭʰʹʻʼʲʬʩʨ. ʳʨʯ, ʭʰʹʨ˂ ˄ʨʸʳʵʫʪʬʴʨ ʨʸ ʨʽʭʯ ʳʨʺʬʸʰʨʲʻʸʰ ʿʵʼʰʹ
ʩʵʸʱʰʲʬʩʰʫʨʴ ʯʨʭʫʨˆʹʴʰʹ ʨʻ˂ʰʲʬʩʲʵʩʨʮʬ, ʨʸʨ-ʨʸʰʬʲʬʩʹ ʻ˄ʵʫʬʩʬʴ.
ʳʨʸʯʨʲʰʨ, ʨʸˇʻʴʨ ʽˀʨʺʸʰʨ ʰʿʵ ʫʨ ʭʨʲʨʫ ʬʫʵ, ʬʩʸ˃ʵʲʨ, ʨʳˇʬʸʨʫ
ʯʨʭʹ ʨʸʰʫʬʩʫʨ ʳʵʭʨʲʬʵʩʰʹ ʨʾʹʸʻʲʬʩʨʹ, ʻʨʸʹ ʨʳʩʵʩʫʨ ʵʳʮʬ. ʨʽ
ʳʰʯʰʯʬʩʻʲʰʨ, ʸʵʳ ʳʹʪʨʭʹʰ ʹʰʳˆʫʨʲʬ ʨʸʨ-ʨʸʰʬʲʰʹʨʯʭʰʹ ʨʸʰʹ
ʫʨʳʨˆʨʹʰʨʯʬʩʬʲʰ. ʳʵʭʨʲʬʵʩʨʮʬ ʻʨʸʰʹ ʯʽʳʨ ʭʬʸʨʹʵʫʬʹ ʫʨʬˆʳʨʸʬʩʨ
ʨʫʨʳʰʨʴʹ ʹʻʲʰʬʸ ˄ʰʴʹʭʲʨˀʰ ʫʨ ʭʬʸ˂ ʹʨˆʬʲʹ ʳʵʻˆʭʬ˅ʹ. ʻʼʨʲʹ ʨʸ
ʳʵʬ˄ʵʴʨ ʨʸˇʻʴʨʹ ʨʹʬʯʰ ʪʨʫʨ˄ʿʭʬʺʰʲʬʩʨ – ʴʨʯʬʹʨʭʯʨ ʹʰʩʸʨʲʻʲʰʹ ʪʨʳʵ
ʳʵʭʨʲʬʵʩʨʮʬ ʻʨʸʰʹ ʯʽʳʨ.
3) ʵ, ʶʸʰʯˈʨʹ ˃ʬʭ, ʨʸ ˀʬʪʼʬʸʰʹ, ʽʬʫʰ ʳʵʻˆʨʸʵ ʨʳ ʫʨʳʨʳ˂ʰʸʬʩʬʲ
ʻ˃ʲʻʸʬʩʨʹ, ʨʸ ʨˈʿʭʬ ʫʨʳʨʱʴʰʴʬʩʬʲ ʪʻʲʰʹ ʹʰʹʻʹʺʬʹ. ʨʾʳʨʸʯʬ ʳʨˆʭʰʲʰ,
ʵ, ʳʺʸʰʹ ˀʬʳʳʻʹʭʸʬʲʵ!
ˀʰʴʨ-ʨʸʹʰ: ʱʸʰˀʴʨʳ ʳʰʳʨʸʯʨ ʨʸˇʻʴʨʹ, ʸʵʪʵʸ˂ ʶʸʰʯˈʨʹ ˀʭʰʲʹ. ʶʸʰʯˈʨ
ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ ʳʨʳʰʹ, ʭʨʹʻʫʬʭʨʹ, ʾʭʰ˃ʲʰ ʫʨ ʰʿʵ, ʨʳʰʺʵʳ ʨʸˇʻʴʨ ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ
ʹʰʹˆʲʰʹʳʰʬʸ ʴʨʯʬʹʨʭʨʫ ʬʸʪʬʩʵʫʨ.
ʯʻ ʽˀʨʺʸʰʨʹ ˀʭʰʲʰ ʩʸ˃ʵʲʨʮʬ ʻʨʸʹ ʰʺʿʭʰʹ, ʰʪʰ ʳˆʵʲʵʫ ʨʳ ʹʨˆʬʲʰʹ
ʮʬʸʬʲʬʫ ʳʨʺʨʸʬʩʬʲʰ ʰʽʴʬʩʨ ʫʨ ʨʸʨ ʹʻʲʰʯ ʽˀʨʺʸʰʨ. ʯʻ ʩʸʨˈʳʨʴʰʹ
ˀʭʰʲʰ ʻʾʰʸʹʨʫ ʰʽ˂ʬʭʨ, ʳʨʹʨ˂ ʳˆʵʲʵʫ ʹʨˆʬʲʰʾʨ ˀʬʸˁʬʩʨ ʩʸʨˈʳʨʴʰʹʨ ʫʨ
ʵʸʰʭʬʴʰ – ʽˀʨʺʸʰʬʩʰ˂ ʫʨ ʩʸʨˈʳʨʴʬʩʰ˂ – ʯʨʭʰʨʴʯʰ ʾʰʸʹʬʻʲʰ ʳʨʳʬʩʰʹ
ˀʬʳʨʸ˂ˆʭʬʴʬʲ ˀʭʰʲʬʩʨʫ ˁʨʰʯʭʲʬʩʰʨʴ. ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ ʹ˄ʵʸʬʫ ʬʹ ʨʸ ʹʻʸʫʨ –
ʳʰʹʰ ʻʨˆʲʵʬʹʰ ʳʬʪʵʩʨʸʰ ʨʸˇʻʴʨ ʻʾʰʸʹʰʹ ʹʨˆʬʲʨʳʫʬ ʨʸ ʫʨ˂ʬʳʻʲʰʿʵ.
ʨʸˇʻʴʨ ʶʨʺʰʭʫʬʩʻʲʰ ʳʬʵʳʨʸʰ ʰʿʵ ʫʨ ʯʨʭʨʫ ʻʼʨʲʰ ʳʨʸʯʨʭʫʨ ʳʰʹ
ʬʺʲʹ. ʳʨʪʸʨʳ ʨʹʬʯʰ ʻʶʰʸʨʺʬʹʵʩʰʹ ʳʰʻˆʬʫʨʭʨʫ, ʨʸˇʻʴʨ ʩʸ˃ʵʲʰʹ
ʭʬʲʰʹ ʳʰʺʵʭʬʩʰʯ ʳʵ˂ˆʬʩʻʲ ʹʨʳʨʸ˂ˆʭʰʴʵ ʲʨʽʨʹ ʭʬʸʨʹʵʫʬʹ
ˁʨʳʵʰʸʬ˂ˆʫʨ. ʱʸʰˀʴʨʳ ʨʸˇʻʴʨʹ ʨʳʰʺʵʳʨ˂ ʳʵʻ˄ʵʫʨ, ʻʱʻʬʪʫʵ ʳʹʪʨʭʹʰ
ʼʰʽʸʰ.
ˀʬʹʨ˃ʲʵʨ, ʨʸˇʻʴʨʹ ˀʬʬʩʸʻʴʬʩʰʴʨ ʹʰʺʿʭʨ, ʸʵʳ ʩʸ˃ʵʲʨʮʬ ʻʨʸʹ ʨʳʩʵʩʫʨ
ʶʨʺʰʭ˂ʬʳʻʲʰ ʶʰʸʵʭʴʬʩʬʩʰʹ – ʩˈʰˀʳʨʹʨ ʫʨ ʫʸʵʴʨʹ ʳʰʳʨʸʯ
ʫʰʫʹʻʲʵʭʴʬʩʰʹ ʪʨʳʵ, ʳʨʪʸʨʳ ʨʹʬʯ ʱʬʯʰʲˀʵʩʰʲ ʪʨʴ˄ʿʵʩʨʹʨ˂ ʻʼʨʲʰ
ʳʨʰʴ˂ ʴʬʩʰʹʿʵʼʰʹ ʹʰʹʻʹʺʬʫ ˁʨʻʯʭʲʰʫʨ. ʨʹʬʯ ʳʵˁʭʬʴʬʩʰʯ
ʪʻʲʳʵ˄ʿʨʲʬʩʨʹ ʨʸ ʳʵʰ˄ʵʴʬʩʫʨ ʨʸ˂ ʬʸʯʰ ʨʭʺʵʸʰʺʬʺʰ. ʨʳʰʺʵʳ
ʨʸˇʻʴʨʹʴʨʰʸʳʨ ʨʫʨʳʰʨʴʬʩʳʨ ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ ʻˀʻʨʲʵ ʳʰʯʰʯʬʩʰʯ ʻʨʸʰ ʻʴʫʨ
ʯʽʭʨʴ ʳʹʪʨʭʹ ʬ.˄. ʫʰʫʹʻʲʵʭʴʬʩʨʮʬ – ʳʺʸʰʹ ʫʨʴʫʵʩʨʮʬ ʩʸ˃ʵʲʰʹ ʫʸʵʹ.
4) ʨʸˇʻʴʨʳ ʯʽʭʨ: ʵ, ʳʺʬʸʯʨʳʳʻʹʭʸʬʲʵ, ʵ, ʳʨʫˈʻʹ ʳʱʭʲʬʲʵ, ʩʸ˃ʵʲʰʹ
ʫʸʵʹ ʰʹʸʬʩʰ ʸʵʪʵʸ ʫʨʭʻˀʰʴʵ ʰʹʬʯ ʳʬʩʸ˃ʵʲʯ, ʸʵʪʵʸʰ˂ʨ ʨʸʰʨʴ
ʩˈʰˀʳʨ ʫʨ ʫʸʵʴʨ – ˁʬʳʰ ʯʨʿʭʨʴʰʹ˂ʬʳʰʹ ʾʰʸʹʴʰ.

4

Tavi meore – gitas mokle Sinaarsi

ˀʰʴʨ-ʨʸʹʰ: ʻʼʸʵʹʰ ʯʨʵʩʰʹ ʹʨʶʨʺʰʵ ˄ʨʸʳʵʳʨʫʪʬʴʲʬʩʰ, ʸʵʪʵʸʬʩʰ˂
ʰʿʭʴʬʴ ʩʨʩʻʨ ʩˈʰˀʳʨ ʫʨ ʳʵ˃ʾʭʨʸʰ ʫʸʵʴʨˁʨʸʰʨ, ʳʻʫʨʳ ʳʵʱʸ˃ʨʲʬʩʰʯ
ʳʵʶʿʸʵʩʨʹ ʰʳʹʨˆʻʸʬʩʬʴ. ʸʵʳ˂ ˀʬʳʵʪʭʰʺʰʵʴ, ʨʸ ʻʴʫʨ ʭʨʱʨʫʸʯ
ˀʬʶʨʹʻˆʬʩʨ. ʹʨʿʵʭʬʲʯʨʵ ˄ʬʹʰʯ, ʻʼʸʵʹʬʩʯʨʴ ʹʰʺʿʭʰʬʸʰ ʫʨʭʨ ʳʨˀʰʴʨ˂ ʱʰ
ʳʰʻʾʬʩʬʲʰʨ, ʸʵʫʬʹʨ˂ ʰʹʰʴʰ ʻʫʰʬʸʨʫ ʪʭʬʽ˂ʬʭʰʨʴ. ʳʨˀ, ʸʵʪʵʸ ʻʴʫʨ
ʨʾʬʳʨʸʯʨ ˆʬʲʰ ʨʸˇʻʴʨʹ ʶʨʺʰʭʫʬʩʻʲʰ ʻʼʸʵʹʬʩʰʹ ʳʰʳʨʸʯ?! ʪʨʴʨ ʯʭʰʯ
ʱʸʰˀʴʨ ʱʰ ʵʫʬʹʳʬ ʯʨʭʹ ʴʬʩʨʹ ʳʰʹ˂ʬʳʫʨ, ˄ʰʴʨʾʫʪʵʳʵʫʨ ʯʨʭʰʹ ʩʨʩʻʨʹ –
ʻʪʸʨʹʬʴʨʹ, ʨʴ ʳʵ˃ʾʭʨʸ ʹʨʴʫʰʶʨʴʰ ʳʻʴʰʹ?!
ʨʰ, ʸʨ ʫʨʻʶʰʸʰʹʶʰʸʨ ʨʸˇʻʴʨʳ ʻʼʲʰʹ ʩʸʨʲʫʬʩʨʹ:
5) ʻʳˇʵʩʬʹʰʨ, ˆʬʲʪʨ˄ʭʫʰʲʳʨ ʭʰʨʸʵ ʫʨ ʯʨʭʰ ʳʨʯˆʵʭʸʵʩʰʯ ʪʨʭʰʺʨʴʵ,
ʭʰʫʸʬ ˁʬʳʰ ʳʵ˃ʾʭʸʬʩʰʹ – ʫʰʨʫʰ ʹ˄ʨʭʲʻʲʬʩʰʹ ʹʰ˂ʵ˂ˆʲʰʹ ʼʨʹʨʫ
ʳʬʫʪʨʹ ʹʻʲʰ. ʨʳʽʭʬʿʴʰʻʸʰ ʸʨʰʳʬ ʨʴʪʨʸʬʩʨ˂ ʸʵʳ ʻ˃ʾʵʫʬʹ ʳʨʯ ʹʨʽ˂ʰʬʲʹ,
ʳʨʰʴ˂ ʻʼʸʵʹʬʩʰ ʨʸʰʨʴ. ʯʻ ʳʨʯʰ ʹʰʹˆʲʰʯ ˀʬʭʰʾʬʩʨʭ ˆʬʲʬʩʹ, ˀʬʳʫʪʵʳ
ʨʳʰʹʨ ʿʭʬʲʨʼʬʸʹ, ʸʨʳʨ˂ ˂ˆʵʭʸʬʩʨˀʰ ʴʬʺʨʸʬʩʨ ʻʴʫʨ ʳʵʳʨʴʰ˅ʵʹ, ʹʰʹˆʲʰʹ
ʪʬʳʵ ʬʽʴʬʩʨ.
ˀʰʴʨ-ʨʸʹʰ: ˄ʳʰʴʫʨ ˄ʬʸʰʲʯʨ ʱʨʴʵʴʬʩʰʹ ʯʨʴʨˆʳʨʫ, ʳʵ˃ʾʭʨʸʹ, ʸʵʳʬʲʹʨ˂
ʫʨʻʱʨʸʪʨʭʹ ʪʨʸˁʬʭʰʹ ʻʴʨʸʰ ʫʨ ʻʱʬʯʻʸ ʹʨʽʳʬʯʨ ʳʵʽʳʬʫʰ ʪʨʳˆʫʨʸʨ,
ʿʭʬʲʨʳ ʮʻʸʪʰ ʻʴʫʨ ˀʬʨʽ˂ʰʵʹ.
ʩˈʰˀʳʨ ʫʨ ʫʸʵʴʨ ʰ˃ʻʲʬʩʻʲʰ ʰʿʭʴʬʴ, ʫʻʸʰʵʫˈʨʴʨʹ ʳˆʨʸʬʹ
ʫʨʳʫʪʨʸʰʿʭʴʬʴ, ʭʰʴʨʰʫʨʴ ʳʰʹʪʨʴ ʵʫʬʹʾʨ˂ ʼʻʲʨʫʰ ʫʨˆʳʨʸʬʩʨ
ʨˆʹʵʭʫʨʯ. ʳʨʪʸʨʳ ʳʨʯ ʬʹ ʨʸ ʨʳʨʸʯʲʬʩʫʨ; ʨʳʰʯ ʳʨʯ ʳʵ˃ʾʭʸʰʹ ʾʰʸʹʬʩʨ
ˀʬʰʲʨˆʬʹ. ʨʸˇʻʴʨʹ ʱʰ ʯʨʭʰʹʰ ʸ˄ʳʬʴʨ ˈʽʵʴʫʨ, ʰʹʰʴʰ ʳʨʰʴ˂ ʻʼʸʵʹʬʩʨʫ
ʳʰʨˁʴʫʨ ʫʨ ʯʭʲʰʫʨ, ʸʵʳ ʳʨʯʰ ʹʰ˂ʵ˂ˆʲʰʹ ˆʬʲʿʵʼʰʯ ˀʬʰ˃ʲʬʩʨ
ʳʰ˄ʰʬʸʰ ʪʨʴ˂ˆʸʵʳʨ ʨʸ ʳʵˈʱʲʬʩʵʫʨ, ʳʨʪʸʨʳ ʬʹ ʹʰʹˆʲʰʨʴʰ ʴʨʫʨʭʲʰʯ
ʺʱʩʵʩʰʹ ʺʵʲʼʨʹʰ ʰʽʴʬʩʵʫʨ.
6) ʪʵʴʬʩʨʨʩʴʬʻʲʬʩʳʨ ʰʹʰ˂ ʨʸ ʭʰ˂ʰʯ, ʸʨ ʪʭʰˇʵʩʹ – ʫʨʭʨʳʨʸ˂ˆʵʯ ʰʹʰʴʰ
ʯʻ ʯʨʭʨʫ ʫʨʭʳʨʸ˂ˆʫʬʯ. ʯʻ ʫˈʸʰʺʨʸʨˀʺʸʨʹ ˀʭʰʲʬʩʹ ʨʳʵʭ˄ʿʭʬʺʯ, ʸʨ
ʯʨʭˀʰ ʹʨˆʲʬʲʨʫ ʪʭʰʴʫʨ ʨʹʬʯʰ ʹʰ˂ʵ˂ˆʲʬ. ʨʸʨʫʨ, ʨʰ, ʰʹʰʴʰ ʸʵʪʵʸ
ˀʬʳʨʸʯʻʲʨʴ ʩʸ˃ʵʲʰʹ ʭʬʲʮʬ ˁʭʬʴʹ ʪʨʹʨʷʲʬʺʨʫ!
ˀʰʴʨ-ʨʸʹʰ: ʨʸˇʻʴʨ ʫʨʩʴʬʻʲʰ ʰʿʵ, ʪʨʳʵʹʨʭʨʲʹ ʭʬʸ ʨʪʴʬʩʫʨ – ʬʩʸ˃ʵʲʨ,
˃ʨʲʳʵʳʸʬʵʩʰʹʯʭʰʹ ʳʰʬʳʨʸʯʨ ʸʵʪʵʸ˂ ʽˀʨʺʸʰʨʹ, ʯʻ ʪʨˈʽ˂ʬʵʫʨ
ʩʸ˃ʵʲʰʹ ʭʬʲʹ ʫʨ ʳʨʯˆʵʭʸʵʩʰʯ ʹʨʨʸʹʬʩʵ ʲʻʱʳʨ ʬˀʵʭʨ. ʳʨˀʰʴʨ˂ ʳ˃ʰʳʬ
ˆʭʬʫʸʰ ʬʲʵʫʨ, ʯʻ ʳʺʬʸʹ ʭʬʸ ʫʨʨʳʨʸ˂ˆʬʩʫʨ. ʫʨʴʨʳʫʭʰʲʬʩʰʯ ʱʰ ʭʰʹ
ˀʬʬ˃ʲʵ ʯʽʳʨ, ʭʰʹ ʫʨʸˁʬʩʵʫʨ ʪʨʳʨʸˇʭʬʩʨ, ʸʨʫʪʨʴ ʵʸʰʭʬ ʳˆʨʸʬ
˃ʲʰʬʸʬʩʰʯ ʺʵʲʹ ʨʸ ʻʫʬʩʫʨ ʬʸʯʳʨʴʬʯʹ. ʨʸˇʻʴʨʹ ʳˆʨʸʬʹʨ˂ ʸʵʳ
ʪʨʬʳʨʸˇʭʨ (ʸʵʪʵʸ˂ ʹʨʳʨʸʯʲʰʨʴʵʩʰʹʨʯʭʰʹ ʳʬʩʸ˃ʵʲʯ), ʫˈʸʰʺʨʸʨˀʺʸʨʹ
ˀʭʰʲʬʩʰʹ ʫʨˆʵ˂ʭʰʹ ˀʬʳʫʬʪ ʫʨ ʻʰʳʨʯʵʫ ˃ʨʲʰʨʴ ʪʨʻ˃ʴʬʲʫʬʩʵʫʨʯ
˂ˆʵʭʸʬʩʨ. ʬʹ ʱʰ ʯʨʭʰʹʬʩʻʸʰ ʫʨʳʨʸ˂ˆʬʩʨ ʰʽʴʬʩʵʫʨ.

5

Tavi meore – gitas mokle Sinaarsi

ʨʸˇʻʴʨʹ ʨʹʬʯʰ ʼʰʽʸʯʨ˅ʰʫʰʲʰ ʻʫʨʵʫ ʨʫʨʹʺʻʸʬʩʹ, ʸʵʳ ʰʪʰ ʨʸʨ
ʳʨʸʺʵ ʻʼʲʰʹ ʳʺʱʰ˂ʬ ʬʸʯʪʻʲʰ, ʨʸʨʳʬʫ ˀʰʴʨʪʨʴʨʫ ʻʨʾʸʬʹʨʫ
ʪʨʹˆʰʭʵʹʴʬʩʻʲʰ ʶʰʸʵʭʴʬʩʨ ʰʿʵ. ʯʨʭʰʹʰ ʴʬʩʰʹ ʳʵʸˁʰʲʨʫ ʻʴʫʵʫʨ ʬʽ˂ʰʨ
ʹʨʱʻʯʨʸʰ ˅ʱʻʨ ʫʨ ʪʸ˃ʴʵʩʬʩʰ. ʳʬʼʰʹ ʵˇʨˆˀʰ ʫʨʩʨʫʬʩʻʲ-ʨʾʮʸʫʰʲʹ
ʳʨʯˆʵʭʸʵʩʰʯ ˂ˆʵʭʸʬʩʨ ʨʸ ʬʯʨʱʰʲʬʩʵʫʨ. ʬʹ ʪʨʴʫʬʪʰʲʵʩʰʹʨʱʬʴ ʳʰʹʰ
ˀʰʴʨʪʨʴʰ ʹ˄ʸʨʼʭʰʹ ʱʰʫʬʭ ʬʸʯʰ ʴʰˀʨʴʰʨ. ʰʪʰ ʰʿʵ ˅ʬˀʳʨʸʰʺʨʫ
ʱʬʯʰʲˀʵʩʰʲʰ ʫʨ, ʸʨ˂ ʳʯʨʭʨʸʰʨ, ˀʸʰ ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ – ʯʨʭʰʹʰ ʹʻʲʰʬʸʰ
ʳʵ˃ʾʭʸʰʹ – ʳʰʯʰʯʬʩʬʩʰʹ ʻʸʿʬʭʨʫ ʳʸ˄ʳʬʴʰ.
ʨʽʬʫʨʴ ʫʨʹʱʭʴʨ: ʨʸˇʻʴʨ ʪʨʴʯʨʭʰʹʻʼʲʬʩʰʹ ʾʰʸʹʰ ʰʿʵ. ʪʸ˃ʴʵʩʨʯʨ
ʳʨʸʯʭʰʹ ʪʨʸʬˀʬ ˀʬʻ˃ʲʬʩʬʲʰʨ ʹʻʲʰʬʸʰ ˂ʵʫʴʰʹ ʳʨʾʨʲ ʹʨʼʬˆʻʸʮʬ
ʨʾʳʨʸʯʭʨ, ˂ʵʫʴʰʹʨ ʫʨ ʬʸʯʪʻʲʬʩʰʹ ʪʨʸʬˀʬ ʱʰ ʨʸ ʨʸʹʬʩʵʩʹ
ʪʨʴʯʨʭʰʹʻʼʲʬʩʰʹ ʳʵʶʵʭʬʩʰʹ ʰʳʬʫʰ˂ ʱʰ. ʹʰʹˆʲˆʵʸ˂ʬʻʲʰ ʴʨʯʬʹʨʻʸʰ
ʱʨʭˀʰʸʬʩʰʹ ʫʨ˂ʭʰʹ ʪʨʴʻʮʵʳʬʲ ʾʰʸʹʬʩʬʩʯʨʴ ʬʸʯʨʫ, ʨʸˇʻʴʨ ʻʼʲʰʹ
ʬʸʯʪʻʲʬʩʰʯʨ ʫʨ ʹʻʲʰʬʸʰ ˂ʵʫʴʰʯʨ˂ ʪʨʳʵʰʸˁʬʵʫʨ.
7) ʨˆʲʨ ʳʵʭʨʲʬʵʩʰʹ ʪʸ˃ʴʵʩʨʳ ʹʨʪʵʴʬʩʬʲˀʰ ˁʨʳʨʪʫʵ ʫʨ ʳʫʨʩʨʲʳʨ
ʹʰʹʻʹʺʬʳ ʫʨʳʨˁʲʻʴʪʨ. ʪʯˆʵʭ, ʫʨʳʰʳʺʱʰ˂ʬ, ʨʳ ˄ʻʯʬʩˀʰ ʸʨ ʨʸʰʹ ˁʬʳʯʭʰʹ
ʻʱʬʯʬʹʰ; ˀʬʴʮʬ ʳʵʴʫʵʩʰʲ ʹʻʲʹ ʳʨʹ˄ʨʭʲʬ ʸʨʳʬ, ʪʬʳʻʫʨʸʬʩʰ!..
ˀʰʴʨ-ʨʸʹʰ: ʳʨʺʬʸʰʨʲʻʸʰ ʹʨʽʳʰʨʴʵʩʨ ʿʭʬʲʨʹ ʻʨʳʸʨʭ ʹʨʼʰʽʸʨʲʹʨ ʫʨ
ʯʨʭʹʨʺʬˆʹ ʻˁʬʴʹ, ʸʵʳʲʰʹ ʫʨ˃ʲʬʭʨ ʬʸʯʵʩ ʻ˅ʰʸʹ ʨʫʨʳʰʨʴʹ, ʨʳʰʺʵʳ
ʫʨˆʳʨʸʬʩʰʹʨʯʭʰʹ ʻʴʫʨ ʳʰʳʨʸʯʵʹ ʹʻʲʰʬʸ ʳʵ˃ʾʭʨʸʹ, ʸʵʳʬʲʰ˂
ʪʨʻ˃ʾʭʬʩʨ ʫʨ ʪʨʻʴʨʯʬʩʹ ʹʰ˂ʵ˂ˆʲʰʹ ʳʰʮʴʰʹ ʨʾʹʸʻʲʬʩʰʹʨʱʬʴ ʳʰʳʨʭʨʲ
ʪʮʨʹ. ʳʯʬʲʰ ʭʬʫʻʸʰ ʲʰʺʬʸʨʺʻʸʨ ʪʭʰʸˁʬʭʹ, ʳʰʭʬʴʫʵʯ ˅ʬˀʳʨʸʰʺ
ʹʻʲʰʬʸ ʳʵ˃ʾʭʨʸʹ, ʸʨʯʨ ʯʨʭʰ ʫʨʭʨʾ˄ʰʵʯ ˂ˆʵʭʸʬʩʰʹʳʰʬʸ
ʫʨʩʸʱʵʲʬʩʬʩʹ – ʪʭʰʴʫʨ ʯʻ ʨʸʨ, ʳʨʰʴ˂ ʸʵʳ ˄ʰʴ ʪʭʬʾʵʩʬʩʰʨʴ ʫʨ
˄ʰʴʹʭʲʨʹ ʪʭʰˀʲʰʨʴ (ˆʨʴ˃ʨʸʰ˂ ʨʸʨʭʰʹ ʻʴʫʨ, ʳʨʪʸʨʳ ʰʪʰ ʳʨʰʴ˂ ˁʴʫʬʩʨ ʫʨ
ʩʬʭʸʰ ʻʩʬʫʻʸʬʩʨ˂ ʳʵʨʽʭʹ...).
ʭʬʫʻʸʰ ʹʰʩʸ˃ʴʬ ʪʭʰʸˁʬʭʹ, ʸʵʳ ˂ˆʵʭʸʬʩʰʹʬʻʲʰ ʨʭʩʬʫʰʯʵʩʰʹ
ʫʨʹʨ˃ʲʬʭʨʫ ʫʨ ʳʨʯʰ ˃ʰʸʰʹ˃ʰʸʵʩʨʳʫʬ ʨʳʵˆʹʴʰʹ ʳʬ˂ʴʰʬʸʬʩʨʯʨ
ˀʬʹʨʹ˄ʨʭʲʨʫ ʨʫʨʳʰʨʴʳʨ ʳˆʵʲʵʫ ʰʹ ʹʻʲʰʬʸʰ ʳʵ˃ʾʭʨʸʰ ʻʴʫʨ ʨʰʸˁʰʵʹ,
ʸʵʳʬʲʰ˂ ˂ʴʵʩʰʲʰ ʳʵ˄ʨʼʬʵʩʸʰʭʰ ʸʰʪʰʹ ˄ʨʸʳʵʳʨʫʪʬʴʲʨʫ ʰʯʭʲʬʩʨ.
ʯʻ ʱʨ˂ʹ ʨʸ ʻʴʫʨ, ˁʨʬʼʲʵʹ ʳʰ˄ʰʬʸ ʻʩʬʫʻʸʬʩʨʯʨ ʳʵʸʬʭˀʰ, ʹʻʲʰʬʸ
ʳʵ˃ʾʭʨʸʹ ʻʴʫʨ ʳʰʬʴʫʵʹ ʫʨ ʪʨˈʿʭʬʹ. ʨʹʬʯʰʨ ʨʳ ʲʬʽʹʰʹ ˀʰʴʨ-ʨʸʹʰ.
ʭʰʴ ʬʽ˂ʬʭʨ ʳʨʺʬʸʰʨʲʻʸʰ ˃ʴʬʲʩʬʫʰʯʵʩʰʹ ʻʾʬʲʽʭʬˀ? ʭʰʹʨ˂ ʨʸ ʬʹʳʰʹ
˂ˆʵʭʸʬʩʰʹʬʻʲʰ ʶʸʵʩʲʬʳʬʩʰʹ ʨʸʹʰ. “ʩʸʰˈʨʫ-ʨʸʨʴʰʨʱʨ ʻʶʨʴʰˀʨʫˀʰ”
(3.8.10) ˀʬʳʫʬʪʴʨʰʸʨʫ ʨʸʰʹ ʫʨˆʨʹʰʨʯʬʩʻʲʰ ʿʵʼʰʬʸʬʩʰʹ ˇʻʸʾʳʻʲʬʩˀʰ
ʪʮʨʫʨʱʨʸʪʻʲʰ ʨʫʨʳʰʨʴʰ: “ʪʵʴʬʩʨʫʨʩʰʴʫʻʲʰʨ ʰʹ, ʭʰʴ˂ ˂ˆʵʭʸʬʩʰʹʬʻʲ
ʶʸʵʩʲʬʳʬʩʹ ʼˆʰʮʲʨʫ ʨʸ ʪʨʴʰˆʰʲʨʭʹ ʫʨ ʨʸ ˄ʿʭʬʺʹ, ʸʵʪʵʸ˂
ʪʵʴʬʩʨʹʸʻʲ ʨʫʨʳʰʨʴʹ ʳʵʬʯˆʵʭʬʩʨ. ʨʹʬʯʰ ʱʨ˂ʰ ʨʳ ʽʭʬʿʴʰʫʨʴ ʳʰʫʰʹ

6

Tavi meore – gitas mokle Sinaarsi

ʯʨʭʰʹʰ ʯʨʭʰʹ ˀʬ˂ʴʵʩʰʹ ʪʨʸʬˀʬ, ʸʵʪʵʸ˂ ˃ʨʾʲʰ ʨʴ ʱʨʺʨ.” ʨʫʨʳʰʨʴʨʫ
ʿʵʼʴʨ ʻʨʾʸʬʹʰ ʻʶʰʸʨʺʬʹʵʩʨ ʫʨ ʶʨʹʻˆʰʹʳʪʬʩʲʵʩʨʨ ˂ʵ˂ˆʨʲʰ
ʨʸʹʬʩʰʹʨʯʭʰʹ. ʹ˄ʵʸʬʫ ʳʨʴ ʫʨ ʨʸʨ ʹˆʭʨ ʸʵʳʬʲʰʳʬ ʹʻʲʫʪʳʻʲʳʨ ʻʴʫʨ
ʪʨʫʨ˅ʸʨʹ ˂ˆʵʭʸʬʩʰʹʬʻʲʰ ʹʨʺʱʰʭʨʸʰ ʯʻ ʹʨʲˆʬʴʰ. ʭʰʴ˂ ʨʳ
ʻʶʰʸʨʺʬʹʵʩʨʹ ʨʸ ʰʿʬʴʬʩʹ, ʻʳʬ˂ʨʸʰʨ.
ʳʬʵʸʬ ʳˆʸʰʭ, ʨʸʰʨʴ ʩʸʨˈʳʨʴʬʩʰ, ʨʴʻ ʬʸʯʵʩ ʪʵʴʰʬʸʴʰ ʹʨʰʳʰʹʵʫ, ʸʵʳ
ʯʨʭʰʨʴʯʰ ʾʭʯʰʭʩʵ˃ʬʩʻʲʰ ʼʵʸʳʨ – ʹˆʬʻʲʰ ʨʾʴʰˀʴʻʲʰ ʶʸʵʩʲʬʳʬʩʰʹ
ʪʨʫʨʹʨ˅ʸʬʲʨʫ ʪʨʳʵʰʿʬʴʵʴ.
ʱʸʰʶʨʴʬʩʰ (ʨʴʻ ʪʵʴʬʩʨ˃ʻʴ˄ʬʩʰ) ʱʨʸʪʨʭʬʴ ʫʸʵʹ, ʹʰ˂ʵ˂ˆʲʬʮʬ
ʳʨʺʬʸʰʨʲʰʹʺʻʸʰ ˀʬˆʬʫʻʲʬʩʬʩʰʯ. ʯʨʭʨʫʨ˂ ʫʨʩʵʸʱʰʲʴʰ ʳʬʺʰʹʳʬʺʨʫ
ʨʸʰʨʴ ʳʰˇʨ˅ʭʻʲʴʰ ʵˇʨˆʹ, ʹʨʮʵʪʨʫʵʬʩʨʹ ʫʨ ʨ.ˀ. ˆˀʰʸʨʫ ʨʫʨʳʰʨʴʰ
ʹʴʬʻʲʬʩʰʹ ʪʨʳʵ ʭʬʸ ʬʯʰˀʬʩʨ ˂ʵʲʹ, ˀʭʰʲʹ, ʯʨʭʰʹʰʨʴʬʩʹ, ʸʨʱʰ ʹ˄ʨʳʹ, ʸʵʳ
ʰʹʰʴʰ ʫʨʰ˂ʨʭʬʴ ʳʰʹ ʹʰ˂ʵ˂ˆʲʬʹ, ʫʨʬˆʳʨʸʬʩʰʨʴ, ʸʵʪʵʸ˂ ʯʨʭʨʫ
ʳʵʰʽ˂ʬʵʫʨ ʯʨʭʰʹʰ ʨˆʲʵʩʲʰʹ ʳʰʳʨʸʯ. ʯʨʭʰʹʰʨʴʬʩʯʨʴ ʨʹʬʯʰ
ʪʨʴʻˀʵʸʬʩʬʲʰ ʻʸʯʰʬʸʯʵʩʰʹ ʪʸ˃ʴʵʩʨ ˂ˆʵʭʬʲʯʨ ˀʵʸʰʹʨ˂ ʪʭˆʭʫʬʩʨ.
ʰʹʰʴʰ˂ ʮʸʻʴʨʭʬʴ, ʰ˂ʨʭʬʴ ʬʸʯʳʨʴʬʯʹ, ʪʨʴʹʨʱʻʯʸʬʩʰʯ ˀʭʰʲʬʩʹ.
ʨʸˇʻʴʨʹ, ʸʵʪʵʸ˂ ʪʵʴʬʩʨʫʨʳˇʫʨʸ ʱʨ˂ʹ, ʬʹʳʵʫʨ, ʸʵʳ ʯʨʭʰʹʰʨʴʬʩʰʹ
ʫʰʫʰ ʹʰʿʭʨʸʻʲʰ ʫʨ ʹʰʱʭʫʰʲʰʹʨʪʨʴ ʳʨʯʰ ʫʨ˂ʭʰʹ ʹʻʸʭʰʲʰ ʰʿʵ
ʨʳˇʬʸʨʫ – ʩʸ˃ʵʲʰʹ ˄ʰʴ – ʳʰʹʰ ʫʨʩʴʬʻʲʵʩʰʹ ʳʰʮʬʮʰ. ʯʻʳ˂ʨ ʪʵʴʬʩʨ
ʻʱʨʸʴʨˆʬʩʫʨ, ʸʵʳ ʳʵʭʨʲʬ ʰʿʵ, ʽˀʨʺʸʰʨʹ ʭʨʲʰ ʨʾʬʹʸʻʲʬʩʰʴʨ.
ʳʬʺʰʹʳʬʺʨʫ ʳʪʸ˃ʴʵʩʰʨʸʬ ʨʸˇʻʴʨʹ ˀʰʴʨʪʨʴʰ ʹʰʹʻʹʺʬ ʳʵʬ˃ʨʲʨ ʫʨ
ʭʬʫʸʬʩʰʯ ʹʨʭʹʬ ʯʭʨʲʬʩʰ ʻʼʨʲ ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ ʳʰʨʶʿʸʵ; ʸʵʪʵʸ˂ ʹʻʲʰʬʸ
ʳʵ˃ʾʭʨʸʹ ˀʭʬʲʨ ʹʯˆʵʭʨ, ʳʵ˄ʨʼʬʫ ʳʰʬʴʫʵ ʫʨ ʹʳʬʴʨʫ ʰʽ˂ʨ – ʳʰʹʪʨʴ
ʳʬʪʵʩʸʻʲʰ ʹʨʻʩʸʰʹ ʴʨ˂ʭʲʨʫ ʪʮʰʹʳʨˁʭʬʴʬʩʬʲʰ ʩʸ˃ʬʴʰʹ ʫʨʸʰʪʬʩʨ ʻʴʫʨ
ʪʨʬʪʵʴʨ.
ʱʸʰˀʴʨ “ʩˈʨʪʨʭʨʫ-ʪʰʺʨˀʰ” ʹʰʩʸ˃ʴʰʹ ʫʨʳʼʻ˃ʴʬʩʬʲʰ ʫʨ
ʶʰʸʭʬʲˀʬʳʵʽʳʬʫʰʨ, ʨʸˇʻʴʨ ʱʰ “ʪʰʺʨʹ” ʳʵʯʨʿʭʨʴʬ ʶʰʸʭʬʲʳʵ˄ʨʼʬ. ʰʹ, ʯʻ
ʸʵʪʵʸ ˀʬʰ˂ʴʵ ʨʸˇʻʴʨʳ “ʩˈʨʪʨʭʨʫ-ʪʰʺʨ”, ʯʨʭʨʫ ʨʳ ˄ʰʪʴˀʰʨ
ʪʨʫʳʵ˂ʬʳʻʲʰ.
ʯʨʭʽʨʸʰʨʴʰ ʳʬ˂ʴʰʬʸʬʩʰ – ʹʨʬʸʵ ʹ˄ʨʭʲʬʩʨʯʨ ʳʽʨʫʨʪʬʩʬʲʴʰ –
ʪʨʴʳʨʸʺʨʭʬʴ, ʻʴʫʨ ʳʰʭʬʴʫʵʯ ʨʸʨ ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ, ʸʵʪʵʸ˂ ʶʰʸʵʭʴʬʩʨʹ, ʨʸʨʳʬʫ
“ʨʸˀʵʩʰʲʹ ʱʸʰˀʴʨˀʰ”. ʬʹ ʻʫʰʫʬʹʰ ʹʰʩʸʰʿʭʬʨ! ʳʨʯ ʨʸ ʬʹʳʰʯ, ʻʼʨʲʰ
ˀʰʴʨʪʨʴʰʹʨ ʫʨ ʪʨʸʬʪʨʴʰʹ ʫʨʻʸʾʭʬʭʬʲʰ ʳʯʲʰʨʴʵʩʨʨ. ʨʹʬʯ ʫʵʴʬʮʬ
˂ʵʫʭʰʲʵʩʬʴ ʬʹ ʭʨʰʳʬ˂ʴʰʬʸʴʰ ʫʨ ʨʳ ʪʮʰʯ ˂ʫʰʲʵʩʬʴ “ʩˈʨʪʨʭʨʫ-ʪʰʺʨʹ”
ʪʨʪʬʩʨʹ!..
8) ʨʸ ʭʰ˂ʰ, ʸʰʯ ʪʨʭʰʽʨʸʭʵ ʹʬʭʫʨ, ʸʵʳʬʲʳʨ˂ ʪʨʳʵʼʰʺʨ ˁʬʳʰ ʪʸ˃ʴʵʩʬʩʰ.
ʳʨʹ ʨʲʩʨʯ ʳʨˀʰʴʨ˂ ʭʬʸ ʳʵʭʬʸʬʭʰ, ʫʬʫʨʳʰ˄ʰʹ ʮʻʸʪʮʬ ʿʭʬʲʨʮʬ

7

Tavi meore – gitas mokle Sinaarsi

ʨʿʭʨʭʬʩʻʲʰ, ʹʨʮʾʭʸʬʩʪʨʴʭʸ˂ʵʩʰʲʰ ʹʨʳʬʼʵ˂ ʸʵʳ ʫʨʭʰʶʿʸʵ, ʯʻʴʫʨ˂
ʰʹʬʯʰʭʬ ˀʬʻʭʨʲʰ, ʸʵʪʵʸ˂ ʴʨˆʬʭʨʸʾʳʬʸʯʬʩʹ ʨʽʭʯ ʮʬ˂ʨˀʰ.
ˀʰʴʨ-ʨʸʹʰ: ʯʻʳ˂ʨ ʨʸˇʻʴʨ ʸʬʲʰʪʰʰʹ ʶʸʰʴ˂ʰʶʬʩʰʹʨ ʫʨ ʮʴʬʵʩʸʰʭʰ
ʱʨʴʵʴʬʩʰʹ ˂ʵʫʴʨʮʬ ʫʨʳʿʨʸʬʩʻʲ ʨʳʫʬʴ ʨʸʪʻʳʬʴʺʹ ʰˀʭʬʲʰʬʩʫʨ, ˁʨʴʹ,
ʳʨʰʴ˂ ʻ˃ʲʻʸʰ ʰʿʵ, ʯʨʭʰʹʰ ʹʻʲʰʬʸʰ ʳʵ˃ʾʭʸʰʹ – ˀʸʰ ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ
ʫʨʻˆʳʨʸʬʩʲʨʫ ʯʨʭʰʹ ʹʨʺʱʰʭʨʸ-ʹʨʫʨʸʫʬʩʬʲʹ ʳʵʸʬʵʫʨ. ʳʰʹ ˂ʵʫʴʨʹ ʨʸ
ˀʬʬ˃ʲʵ ʨʳʵʬˆʹʴʨ ʰʹ ˀʬʻ˂ʴʵʩʬʲʰ ʹʬʭʫʨ, ʸʨ˂ ʪʵʴʬʩʨ ʻ˄ʨʳʲʨʭʫʨ.
ʨʱʨʫʬʳʰʻʸʰ ˂ʵʫʴʨ, ʬʸʻʫʰ˂ʰʨ, ʯʨʴʨʳʫʬʩʵʩʨ ʫʨ ʳʰʹʯʨʴʨ ʻʶʰʸʨʺʬʹʵʩʨʴʰ
ʩʵʲʵʳʫʬ ʭʬʸ ʪʨʫʨʪʭʰ˅ʸʰʨʴ ˂ˆʵʭʸʬʩʰʹʬʻʲ ʶʸʵʩʲʬʳʬʩʹ. ʬʹ ʳˆʵʲʵʫ
ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ ʳʹʪʨʭʹ ʹʻʲʰʬʸ ʳʵ˃ʾʭʨʸʯ ˆʬʲʬ˄ʰʼʬʩʨʯ.
ʫʨʹʱʭʴʨ: ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ ˂ʴʵʩʰʬʸʬʩʰʹ ʹʰʾʸʳʰʹʬʻʲʰ ʳ˂ʵʫʴʬ ʳʵ˃ʾʭʨʸʰ ʻʼʲʰʹ
ʫʵʴʬʮʬ ʨʳʨʾʲʬʩʻʲʰ ʹʻʲʰʬʸʰ ʫʨʳʸʰʪʬʩʬʲʰʨ ʫʨ ˀʬʻ˃ʲʰʨ ʱʨ˂ʰ
ʫʨʨʱʭʨʲʰʨʴʵʹ ʿʵʼʰʯʰ ʳʵʭʲʬʴʬʩʰʹ ʪʨʸʱʭʬʭʨ-ʫʨ˃ʲʬʭʨˀʰ. ʻʼʨʲ
ˁʨʰʺʨʴʰʨʹ ʨʮʸʰʯʨ˂, ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ ˂ʴʵʩʰʬʸʬʩʰʹ ʹʸʻʲʿʵʼʰʲʨʫ ʪʨʳʪʬʩʰ
ʳʵ˃ʾʭʨʸʰ, ʹʨʮʵʪʨʫʵʬʩʸʰʭʰ ʳʫʪʵʳʨʸʬʵʩʰʹ ʳʰʻˆʬʫʨʭʨʫ, ˅ʬˀʳʨʸʰʺ
ʹʻʲʰʬʸ ʳʵ˃ʾʭʸʨʫ ʰʯʭʲʬʩʨ:
“ʳʴʰˀʭʴʬʲʵʩʨ ʨʸʨ ʨʽʭʹ, ʭʰʶʸʨ (ʭʬʫʻʸ ʹʰʩʸ˃ʴʬˀʰ ʫʨʵʹʺʨʺʬʩʻʲʰ
ʹ˄ʨʭʲʻʲʰ) ʳʫʨʩʰʵ ʵˇʨˆˀʰʨ ˀʵʩʰʲʰ, ʯʻ ʪʨʴʫʬʪʰʲʵʩʰʹ ˄ʬʹʰʯ
˂ˆʵʭʸʵʩʹ – ʸʨʱʰ ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ ˂ʴʵʩʰʬʸʬʩʨʹ ʼʲʵʩʹ, ʰʪʰ ʹʸʻʲʿʵʼʰʲʰ ʫʨ
˅ʬˀʳʨʸʰʺʰ ʳʵ˃ʾʭʨʸʰʨ” (“ˁʨʰʺʨʴʰʨ-ˁʨʸʰʺʨʳʸʰʺʨ,” ʳʨʫˈʰʨ 8.128).
ʭʬʫʻʸ ˄ʬʸʰʲʬʩˀʰ ʴʨʯʽʭʨʳʰʨ: “ʭʬʫʻʸʰ ʳʵ˃ʾʭʸʬʩʰʹ ʿʵʭʬʲ ʹʼʬʸʵˀʰ
ʪʨʳʵ˂ʫʰʲʰ ʳʬ˂ʴʰʬʸʰ ʩʸʨˈʳʨʴʰ ʨʸ ʪʨʳʵʫʪʬʩʨ ʹʻʲʰʬʸ ʳʵ˃ʾʭʸʨʫ, ʯʻ
ʭʨʰˀʴʨʭʰ, ʨʴʻ ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ ˂ʴʵʩʰʬʸʬʩʨˀʰ ʳʬ˂ʴʰʬʸʻʲʰ ˄ʭʫʵʳʰʹ ʻʴʨʸʹ
ʳʵʱʲʬʩʻʲʰʨ. ʹʨʳʨʪʰʬʸʵʫ, ʫʨʩʨʲʰ ʱʨʹʺʰʹ ʵˇʨˆˀʰ ʫʨʩʨʫʬʩʻʲʰ
ˀʬʰ˃ʲʬʩʨ ʪʨˆʫʬʹ ʹʻʲʰʬʸʰ ʳʵ˃ʾʭʨʸʰ, ʯʻ ʰʪʰ ʭʨʰˀʴʨʭʰ, ʨʴʻ ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ
˂ʴʵʩʰʬʸʰ ʰʽʴʬʩʨ”. (“ʶʨʫʳʨ ʶʻʸʨʴʨ”).
ʳʨʺʬʸʰʨʲʻʸʰ ʿʵʼʰʬʸʬʩʰʹʨʯʭʰʹ ʫʨʳʨˆʨʹʰʨʯʬʩʬʲʰ – ʫʨʩʨʫʬʩʨ,
ʹʰʩʬʸʰʹ, ʨʭʨʫʳʿʵʼʵʩʰʹʨ ʫʨ ʹʰʱʭʫʰʲʰʹ ʶʸʵʩʲʬʩʳʬʩʰʹ ʪʨʫʨ˄ʿʭʬʺʨ
ʹʰʳʫʰʫʸʰʹ ʫʨʪʸʵʭʬʩʰʯʨ ʫʨ ʬʱʵʴʵʳʰʱʻʸʰ ʫʨ˄ʰʴʨʻʸʬʩʰʯ
ˀʬʻ˃ʲʬʩʬʲʰʨ. ʳʹʵʼʲʰʵʹ ʳʸʨʭʨʲ ʽʭʬʿʨʴʨˀʰ ʴʵʸʳʨʲʻʸʰ ˂ˆʵʭʸʬʩʰʹ
ʯʰʯʽʳʰʹ ʿʵʭʬʲʪʭʨʸʰ ʶʰʸʵʩʨ ʨʸʹʬʩʵʩʹ ʫʨ ʳʨʰʴ˂ ʹʰʻˆʭʰʹʨ ʫʨ
˄ʨʸʳʨʺʬʩʬʩʰʹ ʳʰʻˆʬʫʨʭʨʫ, ʹʨʺʱʰʭʨʸ-ʹʨʫʨʸʫʬʩʬʲʰ ʨʸ ʨʱʲʰʨ ˆʨʲˆʹ.
ʨʫʨʳʰʨʴʬʩʰ ʹˆʭʨʫʨʹˆʭʨ ʪʮʰʯ ʬ˃ʰʬʩʬʴ.
ʳˀʭʰʫʵʩʨʹ, ʳʨʪʸʨʳ ʹʸʻʲ ʩʬʫʴʰʬʸʬʩʨʹ ʳˆʵʲʵʫ ʳʨˀʰʴ ʳʰʨʾ˄ʬʭʬʴ, ʸʵ˂ʨ
ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ ˅ʬˀʳʨʸʰʺʰ ˄ʨʸʳʵʳʨʫʪʬʴʲʰʹ, ʻʼʲʰʹ ˂ʴʵʩʰʬʸʬʩʨʹ ʴʨʮʰʨʸʬʩʰ
ʳʵ˃ʾʭʸʰʹ ˀʻʨʳʫʪʵʳʲʵʩʰʯ ʳʰʳʨʸʯʨʭʬʴ ʻʮʬʴʨʬʹʹ – ʨʴʻ “ʩˈʨʪʨʭʨʫ

8

Tavi meore – gitas mokle Sinaarsi

ʪʰʺʨʹʨ” ʫʨ “ˀʸʰʳʨʫ-ʩˈʨʪʨʭʨʺʨʳʹ”, ʸʨ˂ ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ ʳʵ˃ʾʭʸʬʩʰʹ ʫʨʻˀʸʬʺʬʲʰ
˄ʿʨʸʵʨ.
ʬʱʵʴʵʳʰʱʻʸʰ ˄ʰʴʹʭʲʰʯʨ ʫʨ ʱʬʯʰʲʫʾʬʵʩʰʯ ʸʵʳ ˀʬʰ˃ʲʬʩʵʫʬʹ
ʵˇʨˆʯʨʴ ʨʴ ʹʨʬʸʯʵʫ ʱʨ˂ʵʩʸʰʵʩʨʹʯʨʴ ʫʨʱʨʭˀʰʸʬʩʻʲʰ ʹʵ˂ʰʨʲʻʸ ʯʻ
ʬʸʵʭʴʻʲʰ ʺʱʰʭʰʲʬʩʰʹ ˀʬʳʹʻʩʻʽʬʩʨ, ʳʨˀʰʴ ʨʸˇʻʴʨ ʨʾʨʸ ʰʺʿʵʫʨ, ʸʵʳ
ʯʭʰʯ ˀʬʻʫʨʸʬʩʬʲʰ ʹʨʳʬʼʵ ʨʴ ʰʹʬʯʰ ʳʨʾʨʲʰ ʳʫʪʵʳʨʸʬʵʩʨ, ʸʵʪʵʸʰ˂
ʴʨˆʬʭʨʸʾʳʬʸʯʬʩʹʨ ʨʽʭʯ ʮʬ˂ʰʻʸ ʶʲʨʴʬʺʬʩʮʬ, ʭʬʸ ʰˆʹʴʰʨʴ ʳʰʹ ʪʻʲʹ
ʪʲʵʭʰʹʨ ʫʨ ʺʨʴˇʭʰʹʨʪʨʴ.
ʨʳʰʺʵʳ ʰʿʵ, ʸʵʳ ʯʨʭˀʬʹʨʼʨʸʹ ʰʪʰ ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ ˂ʴʵʩʰʬʸʬʩʨˀʰ ʬ˃ʬʩʫʨ – ʨʰ, ʬʹ
ʨʸʰʹ ʳˀʭʰʫʵʩʰʹʨ ʫʨ ˈʨʸʳʵʴʰʰʹ ʳʰʾ˄ʬʭʰʹ ʬʸʯʨʫʬʸʯʰ ʪʮʨ.
ʳʨʺʬʸʰʨʲʻʸʰ ˀʰʴʨʨʸʹʰʹ ʳʵʭʲʬʴʬʩʹ ʴʬʩʰʹʳʰʬʸ ˄ʨʳʹ ˀʬʻ˃ʲʰʨ
ʪʨʨ˂ʨʳʺʭʬʸʵʹ ʪʨʴʭʰʯʨʸʬʩʻʲʰ ʽʭʬʿʴʬʩʰʹ ˄ʨʸʳʨʺʬʩʻʲʰ ʬʱʵʴʵʳʰʱʨ, ʨʴ
ʹʨʬʸʯʵʫ ʩʵʲʵ ʳʵʻʾʵʴ ʱʨ˂ʯʨ ʳʵʫʪʳʰʹ ʩʨʺʵʴʵʩʨʹ ʫʬʫʨʳʰ˄ʨʮʬ;
ʪʨʨʴʨʫʪʻʸʵʴ ʳʨʾʨʲ ʶʲʨʴʬʺʨʸʻʲ ʳʫʪʵʳʨʸʬʵʩʨʳʫʬ, ʭʯʽʭʨʯ ʶʲʨʴʬʺʨ
ʳʯʭʨʸʬʳʫʬ ʨʳʨʾʲʬʩʰʹ ʹ˄ʸʨʼʭʨ.
“ʩˈʨʪʨʭʨʫ-ʪʰʺʨ” ʨʳʺʱʰ˂ʬʩʹ ʨʳʨʹ: “ʸʵʪʵʸ˂ ʱʰ ʨʫʨʳʰʨʴʰ ʯʨʭʰʹ
ʾʭʯʰʹʳʵʹʨʭ ʳʵʽʳʬʫʬʩʨʹ ˀʬ˄ʿʭʬʺʹ, ʩʬʫʴʰʬʸʬʩʰʹ ʳ˄ʭʬʸʭʨʲʰʫʨʴ ʱʭʲʨʭ
ʹʰ˂ʵ˂ˆʲʰʹ ʫʨʩʨʲ ʫʵʴʬʮʬ ʬʴʨʸ˂ˆʬʩʨ”. ʳʹʵʼʲʰʵʹ ʳʸʨʭʨʲʳʨ ˂ʴʵʩʰʲʳʨ
ʶʵʲʰʺʰʱʵʹʳʨ ʪʨʴʰ˂ʨʫʨ ʨʳʪʭʨʸʰ ʫʨ˂ʬʳʨ. ʨʹʬʯʰ ʨʾʮʬʭʬʩʨ ʫʨ ʫʨʾʳʨʹʭʲʨ
ʨʫʨʳʰʨʴʰʹʨʯʭʰʹ ʳˆʵʲʵʫ ʳʬʺʰ ʫʨ ʳʬʺʰ ʳ˄ʻˆʨʸʬʩʰʹ ʳʰʮʬʮʰ ˆʫʬʩʨ.
ʨʳʫʬʴʨʫ, ʯʻ ʪʭʰʴʫʨ ʹʨʩʵʲʵʵʫ ʳʵʭʻʾʵʯ ʩʵʲʵ ʳ˄ʻˆʨʸʬʩʨʹ, ʨʸˇʻʴʨʹ
ʻʴʫʨ ʳʰʭʩʨ˃ʵʯ ʫʨ ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ ˂ʴʵʩʰʬʸʬʩʨʹ ˀʬʭʨʼʨʸʵʯ ʯʨʭʰ. ʨʸˇʻʴʨʳ,
ʸʵʪʵʸ˂ ʳʵ˄ʨʼʬʳ, ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ, ʸʵʪʵʸ˂ ʹʻʲʬʸʰ ʳʵ˃ʾʭʨʸʹ, ʫʨʩʴʬʻʲʵʩʰʹʨ
ʫʨ ʳ˄ʻˆʨʸʬʩʰʹ ʷʨʳʹ ʯʨʴʨʫʪʵʳʨ ʹʯˆʵʭʨ.
ʹ˄ʵʸʬʫ ʬʹ ʨʸʰʹ ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ ˂ʴʵʩʰʬʸʬʩʨʹʯʨʴ ʮʰʨʸʬʩʰʹ ˅ʬˀʳʨʸʰʺʰ ʪʮʨ!
9) ʹʨʴˇʨʰʨʳ ʯʽʭʨ: ʬʹ ʹʰʺʿʭʬʩʰ ˄ʨʸʳʵʯʽʭʨ ʯʻ ʨʸʨ ʨʸˇʻʴʨʳ,
ʳʺʬʸʯʨʳʳʻʹʭʸʬʲʳʨ, ʳʰʳʨʸʯʨ ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ: “ʪʵʭʰʴʫʨ, ʳʬ ʭʬʸ ʭʰʩʸ˃ʵʲʬʩ!” ʫʨ
ʫʨʫʻʳʫʨ.
ˀʰʴʨ-ʨʸʹʰ: ʫˈʸʰʺʨʸʨˀʺʸʨʹ ˃ʨʲʰʨʴʨ˂ ʻʴʫʨ ʪʨˆʨʸʬʩʵʫʨ ʰʳʰʹ ʪʨʪʬʩʨ, ʸʵʳ
ʨʸˇʻʴʨ ʩʸ˃ʵʲʨʹ ʨʸ ʨʶʰʸʬʩʫʨ ʫʨ ʺʵʭʬʩʫʨ ʰʽʨʻʸʵʩʨʹ, ʸʨʯʨ ʩʸ˃ʵʲʰʹ
ʭʬʲʮʬ ʳʺʬʸʯʨʴ ˀʬʸʱʰʴʬʩʰʹ ʻʨʸʳʿʵʼʬʲʹ ʹʨʳʵ˄ʿʨʲʵʫ ʳʰ˄ʭʫʰʲʰ
ʲʻʱʳʰʯ ʪʨʬʺʨʴʨ ʯʨʭʰ. ʬʹ ʹʰˆʨʸʻʲʰ ʹʨʴˇʨʰʨʳ ˁʨʻʽʸʵ: ʨʸˇʻʴʨ ʻʨʸʹ ʭʬʸ
ʰʺʿʵʫʨ ʩʸ˃ʵʲʨʮʬ; ʳʺʸʰʹ ʳʵʱʭʲʨ˂ ʳʵʬʯˆʵʭʬʩʵʫʨ (ʶʨʸʨʴʺʨʶʨˈ), ʳʨʪʸʨʳ
ʫʸʵʬʩʰʯ ʴʨʯʬʹʨʭʬʩʯʨʴ ʹʰʹˆʲʰʹʳʰʬʸʰ ʳʰˇʨ˅ʭʻʲʵʩʰʹ ʳʵˁʭʬʴʬʩʰʯʳʨ
ʫʨʸʫʳʨ ʫʨʸʰʨ ˆʬʲʰ, ʨʳʰʺʵʳʨ˂ ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ, ʯʨʭʰʹ ʹʻʲʰʬʸ ʳʵ˃ʾʭʨʸʹ
ʳʰʬʴʫʵ ʳʵ˄ʨʼʬʫ. ʬʹ ʱʰ ʰʳʰʹ ʳʨʻ˄ʿʬʩʬʲʰ ʰʿʵ, ʸʵʳ ʳʨʲʬ ʯʨʭʹ ʫʨʨʾ˄ʬʭʫʨ
˂ʸʻ ʹʬʭʫʨʹ, ʪʨʹˆʰʭʵʹʴʫʬʩʵʫʨ ʯʭʰʯʸʬʨʲʰʮʨ˂ʰʰʹ, ʨʴʻ ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ

9

Tavi meore – gitas mokle Sinaarsi

˂ʴʵʩʰʬʸʬʩʰʹ ʹʸʻʲʰ ˂ʵʫʴʰʹ ʴʨʯʲʰʯ ʫʨ ʨʻ˂ʰʲʬʩʲʨʫ ʨʾʨʹʸʻʲʬʩʫʨ
ʯʨʭʰʹ, ʸʵʪʵʸ˂ ʽˀʨʺʸʰʨʹ, ʭʨʲʹ – ʰʩʸ˃ʵʲʬʩʫʨ ʯʨʭʫʨʻʮʵʪʨʭʨʫ.
ʳʨˀʨʹʨʫʨʳʬ, ʫˈʸʰʺʨʸʨˀʺʸʨʹ ʹʰˆʨʸʻʲʹ ʫʰʫʰ ʫʾʬ ʨʸ ʬ˄ʬʸʨ, ʸʨʫʪʨʴ
ʻʼʨʲʰ ʨʸˇʻʴʨʹ ʪʭʬʸʫʰʯ ʰʫʪʨ ʫʨ ʳʰʹ ʴʬʩʨʹ ˄ʨʸʳʨʸʯʨʭʫʨ.
10) ʵ, ʩˈʨʸʨʺʨʹ ˀʯʨʳʵʳʨʭʨʲʵ, ʹʨʵʳʸʨʫ ʪʨ˄ʿʵʩʰʲ ʹʶʨʯʨ ʪʨʹʨʿʨʸʮʬ
ʳʫʪʵʳʳʨ ʶʰʸʳ˂ʰʴʨʸʳʨ ʱʸʰˀʴʨʳ ʨʹʬ ʳʰʳʨʸʯʨ ʨʸˇʻʴʨʹ:
ˀʰʴʨ-ʨʸʹʰ: ʹʨʻʩʨʸʰ ˈʸʰˀʰʱʬˀʨʹʨ ʫʨ ʪʻʫʨʱʬˀʨʹ ˀʵʸʰʹ ʳʰʳʫʰʴʨʸʬʵʩʫʨ –
ʰʹʰʴʰ ʨˆʲʵ ʳʬʪʵʩʸʬʩʰ ʰʿʭʴʬʴ ʫʨ ʬʸʯ ʫʵʴʬʮʬ ʰʫʪʴʬʴ. ʳʨʯʪʨʴ ʬʸʯʰ
ʹʨʱʻʯʨʸʰ ʴʬʩʰʯ ʳʵʭʰʫʨ ʳʬʵʸʬʹʯʨʴ, ʸʵʪʵʸ˂ ʳʵ˄ʨʼʬ. ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ ʳˀʭʰʫʰ
ʾʰʳʰʲʰ ʫʨʹʯʨʳʨˀʬʩʫʨ ʹʨˆʬʮʬ, ʸʵ˂ʨ ʳʬʪʵʩʸʰʹ ʨʸˁʬʭʨʴʹ ˆʬʫʨʭʫʨ. ʱʸʰˀʴʨ,
ʻʳʨʾʲʬʹʰ ʳʨʸʨʫʰʻʲʰ ʳʩʸ˃ʨʴʬʩʬʲʰ ʿʵʭʲʰʹʨ, ʹʨʬʸʯʵʫ ʯʨʴʨˆʳʨʨ ʰʿʵʹ
ʳʬʪʵʩʨʸʰ, ˀʭʰʲʰ, ˀʬʿʭʨʸʬʩʻʲʰ ʯʨʭʰʹʰ ʬʸʯʪʻʲʰʹʨ, ʯʻ ʬʹ ʨʳ
ʻʱʨʴʨʹʱʴʬʲʹ ʫʨʹ˅ʰʸʫʬʩʨ.
ʸʵʪʵʸ˂ ʱʰ ʨʸˇʻʴʨʳ ʰʪʰ ʳʵ˃ʾʭʸʨʫ ʨʾʰʨʸʨ, ʻʼʨʲʳʨ ʻʳʨʲ ʰʯʨʭʨ ʸʵʲʰ
ʫʨʳʸʰʪʬʩʲʰʹʨ. ʳʨʯ ʫʨʰ˄ʿʬʹ ʹʨʻʩʨʸʰ ʵʸʰʭʬ ʲʨˀʽʸʰʹ ʪʨʹʨʪʵʴʨʫ, ʸʨʯʨ
ʾʭʯʰʻʸʰ ʹʰʱʬʯʰʹ ʳʨʫʲʰ ʿʭʬʲʨʹ ʳʵˈʼʬʴʵʫʨ. “ʩˈʨʪʨʭʨʫ-ʪʰʺʨʹ”
ʫʰʨʲʵʪʬʩʰ ʪʨʴʱʻʯʭʴʰʲʰʨ ʨʸʨ ʪʨʸʱʭʬʻʲʰ ʶʰʸʵʭʴʬʩʰʹ, ʹʨʮʵʪʨʫʵʬʩʰʹ
ʨʴ ˇʪʻʼʰʹʨʯʭʰʹ, ʨʸʨʳʬʫ ʿʭʬʲʨʹʨʯʭʰʹ, ʨʳʰʺʵʳ ʳʬʪʵʩʸʬʩʹʨ ʫʨ ʳʺʸʬʩʹʨ˂
ʳʨʯʰ ʳʵʹʳʬʴʰʹ ʯʨʴʨʩʨʸʰ ʻʼʲʬʩʨ ˈʽʵʴʫʨʯ.
11) ʻʮʬʴʨʬʹʳʨ ʾʳʸʯʨʬʩʸʰʭʳʨ ʶʰʸʵʭʴʬʩʨʳ ʩʸ˃ʨʴʨ: ʩʸ˃ʬʴʰʭʰʯ ʪʨʴʹˇʰ,
ʳʨʪʸʨʳ ʫʨʹʺʰʸʰ ʰʳʨʹ, ʸʨ˂ ʳ˄ʻˆʨʸʬʩʨʫ ʨʸ ʾʰʸʹ. ʪʵʴʬʩʨʹʸʻʲʴʰ ʨʸ
ʰʪʲʵʭʬʴ ʨʸ˂ ˂ʵ˂ˆʨʲʹ ʫʨ ʨʸ˂ ʳʱʭʫʨʸʹ.
ˀʰʴʨ-ʨʸʹʰ: ʻʼʨʲʳʨ ʳʨˀʰʴʭʬ ʰʯʨʭʨ ʳʨʹ˄ʨʭʲʬʩʰʹ ʸʵʲʰ ʫʨ ʪʨʱʰ˂ˆʨ ʯʨʭʰʹʰ
ʳʵʹ˄ʨʭʲʬ, ʪʨʫʨʱʭʸʰʯ ʻʪʻʴʻʸʰ˂ ʱʰ ʻ˄ʵʫʨ: “ʹ˄ʨʭʲʻʲʰʭʰʯ ʱʰ
ʲʨʶʨʸʨʱʵʩ, ʳʨʪʸʨʳ ʨʸ ʰ˂ʰ, ʸʵʳ ʰʹ, ʭʰʴ˂ ʰ˂ʰʹ – ʸʨ ʨʸʰʹ ʹˆʬʻʲʰ ʫʨ ʸʨ
ʨʸʰʹ ʹʻʲʰ – ʨʸ ʳʰʹʺʰʸʰʹ ʹʰ˂ʵ˂ˆʲʰʹ ʨʸ˂ ʬʸʯ ʹʺʨʫʰʨʹ – ʨʸ˂
˂ʵ˂ˆʲʨʫʳʿʵʼʵʩʨʹ ʫʨ ʨʸ˂ ʪʨʸʫʨ˂ʭʨʲʬʩʨʹ”.
ʳʵʳʫʬʭʴʵ ʯʨʭʬʩʰʫʨʴ ʴʨʯʬʲʰ ʪʨˆʫʬʩʨ, ʸʵʳ ˂ʵʫʴʨ ʴʰˀʴʨʭʹ ʳʨʺʬʸʰʰʹ,
ʹʻʲʰʹʨ ʫʨ ʳʨʯʰ ˀʬʳʵʽʳʬʫ-ʪʨʴʳʪʬʩʲʰʹ ˀʬ˂ʴʵʩʨʹ. ʨʸˇʻʴʨ ʱʨʳʨʯʵʩʫʨ,
ʰˀʭʬʲʰʬʩʫʨ ʸʬʲʰʪʰʻʸ ʶʸʰʴ˂ʰʶʬʩʹ, ʨʳʺʱʰ˂ʬʩʫʨ, ʸʵʳ ʨʳ ʻʱʨʴʨʹʱʴʬʲʯ
ʻʼʸʵ ʫʰʫʰ ʳʴʰˀʭʴʬʲʵʩʨ ʻʴʫʨ ʳʰʬʴʰ˅ʵʯ, ʭʰʫʸʬ ʶʵʲʰʺʰʱʨʹ ʨʴ
ʹʵ˂ʰʵʲʵʪʰʨʹ. ʳʨʪʸʨʳ ʰʹ ʨʭʰ˄ʿʫʬʩʵʫʨ, ʸʵʳ ˂ʵʫʴʨ ʳʨʺʬʸʰʰʹ, ʹʻʲʰʹʨ ʫʨ
ʻʮʬʴʨʬʹʰʹ ˀʬʹʨˆʬʩ ʻʼʸʵ ʳʴʰˀʭʴʬʲʵʭʨʴʰʨ, ʭʰʫʸʬ ʸʬʲʰʪʰʻʸʰ
ʫʵʪʳʨʺʬʩʰ. ʨʹʬʯ ˂ʵʫʴʨʹ ʪʨʳʵʫʬʭʴʬʩʻʲʰ ʶʰʸʵʴʬʩʨ ʩʸ˃ʬʴʱʨ˂ʨʫ ʨʸ
ˁʨʰʯʭʲʬʩʵʫʨ. ʨʳʰʹ ʪʨʳʵ ʰʿʵ, ʸʵʳ ʨʸˇʻʴʨ ʪʲʵʭʵʩʫʨ ʰʳʨʮʬ, ʸʨ˂ ʬʸʯ
˂ʸʬʳʲʨʫʨ˂ ʨʸ ʾʰʸʫʨ. ʹˆʬʻʲʰ ˆʵʳ ʸʵʪʵʸ˂ ʰʩʨʫʬʩʨ, ʰʳ ˄ʻʯʰʫʨʴ

10

Tavi meore – gitas mokle Sinaarsi

ʹʨʹʰʱʭʫʰʲʵʫ ʨʸʰʹ ʪʨʴ˄ʰʸʻʲʰ ʫʨ ʫʾʬʹ ʯʻ ʨʸʨ ˆʭʨʲ ʨʾʹʸʻʲʫʬʩʨ ʬʹ
ʪʨʸʫʻʭʨʲʵʩʨ; ʳʨˀ ʸʨ ʩʬʫʬʴʨʨ ʹˆʬʻʲʰ – ˄ʨʸʳʨʭʲʵʩʰʹʨ ʫʨ ˆʸ˄ʴʨʫʵʩʰʹ
ʲʻʱʳʨ – ʳˆʵʲʵʫ ʹʻʲʰʨ ʳʨʸʨʫʰʻʲʰ!
ʭʰʴ˂ ʬʹ ʰ˂ʰʹ, ʰʪʰʨ ˅ʬˀʳʨʸʰʺʰ ʳʨʾʲʨʫʳˆʬʫʰ ʹ˄ʨʭʲʻʲʰ.
12) ʨʸʨʹʵʫʬʹ ʿʵʼʰʲʨ ʷʨʳʰ, ʸʵʫʬʹʨ˂ ʳʬ, ˀʬʴ ʨʴ ʿʭʬʲʨ ʨʽ ˀʬʿʸʰʲʰ ʳʬʼʬ ʨʸ
ʭʨʸʹʬʩʵʩʫʰʯ, ʳʵʳʨʭʨʲˀʰ˂ ʨʸ ʫʨʫʪʬʩʨ ʫʸʵ, ʸʵ˂ʨ ˁʭʬʴ ʨʾʨʸ ʭʰʽʴʬʩʰʯ.
ʨʸ˂ ʬʸʯ ˁʭʬʴʯʨʪʨʴʹ ʹʰʱʭʫʰʲʰ ʨʸ ʪʭʰ˄ʬʸʰʨ, ʨʳʽʿʭʬʴʨʫ ʳʨʸʨʫ
ʳʵʭʰʽ˂ʬʭʰʯ ʫʨ ʳʰʭʰʽ˂ʬʭʰʯ ʳʨʸʨʫʰʹʵʩʰʹʨʱʬʴ.
ˀʰʴʨ-ʨʸʹʰ: ʭʬʫʬʩˀʰ, “ʱʨʯˈʨ ʻʶʨʴʰˀʴʨʫʹʨ” ʫʨ “ˀʭʬʺʨˀʭʨʺʨʸʨ
ʻʶʨʴʰˀʨʫˀʰ˂” ʴʨʯʽʭʨʳʰʨ, ʸʵʳ ʻʮʬʴʨʬʹʰ ʾʳʸʯʨʬʩʸʰʭʰ ʶʰʸʵʭʴʬʩʨ
ʨʹʻʲʫʪʳʻʲʬʩʹ ʻʯʭʨʲʨʭ ˂ʵ˂ˆʨʲ ʨʸʹʬʩʨʹ, ʸʵʳʬʲʯʨ˂ ʪʨʸʹʨʫ ʻʽʳʴʰʹ
ʹˆʭʨʫʨʹˆʭʨ ʹˆʬʻʲʬʩʸʰʭ ʼʵʸʳʬʩʹ, ʳʨʯʰ ʶʰʸʵʭʴʻʲʰ ʽ˂ʬʭʰʹʨ ʫʨ ʨʳ ʽ˂ʬʭʰʹ
ˀʬʫʬʪʬʩʰʹ ˀʬʹʨʩʨʳʰʹʨʫ. ʨʳʨʹʯʨʴʨʭʬ ʯʨʭʨʫ ʻʮʬʴʨʬʹʰ ʻʼʨʲʰ ʯʨʭʰʹʰ
ʹʸʻʲʰ ʴʨ˄ʰʲʰʯ ʫʨʳʱʭʰʫʸʬʩʻʲʰʨ ʿʵʭʬʲʰ ˂ʵ˂ˆʨʲʰ ʨʸʹʬʩʰʹ ʪʻʲˀʰ.
ʳˆʵʲʵʫ ˄ʳʰʴʫʨʴʬʩʹ, ʸʵʳʲʬʩʰ˂ ʿʭʬʲʨʼʬʸʹ ˄ʰʨʾˀʰ ʫʨ ʳʰʹ ʪʨʸʬʯ
ʬʸʯʹʨ ʫʨ ʰʳʨʭʬʹ – ʻʮʬʴʨʬʹ ʻʼʨʲʹ ˅ʭʸʬʺʬʴ, ˀʬʻ˃ʲʰʨʯ ʹʸʻʲʿʵʼʰʲʰ ʫʨ
ʳʨʸʨʫʰʻʲʰ ʳˀʭʰʫʵʩʰʹ ʳʵʶʵʭʬʩʨ.
ʭʬʫʻʸʰ ˅ʬˀʳʨʸʰʺʬʩʨ, ʸʵʳʬʲʰ˂ ʨʸˇʻʴʨʹ ʻʼʲʰʹʨʪʨʴ ʪʨʫʨʬ˂ʬʳʨ,
ʪʨʴʱʻʯʭʴʰʲʰʨ ʿʭʬʲʨ ʰʳʨʯʯʭʰʹ, ʭʰʹʨ˂ ʯʨʭʰ ʫʰʫ ʹ˄ʨʭʲʻʲʨʫ
˄ʨʸʳʵʻʫʪʬʴʰʨ, ʳʨʪʸʨʳ ʳʨʯʰ ˂ʵʫʴʨ ʹʰʴʨʳʫʭʰʲʬˀʰ ʳ˄ʰʸʰ ʫʨ
ʫʨˀʸʬʺʰʲʰʨ. ʻʼʨʲʰ ʪʨʸʱʭʬʭʰʯ ʨʳʩʵʩʹ, ʸʵʳ ʯʨʭʨʫ ʨʸˇʻʴʨ ʫʨ ʩʸ˃ʵʲʰʹ
ʭʬʲʮʬ ˀʬʱʸʬʩʰʲʰ ʿʭʬʲʨ ʳʬʼʬ ʳʨʸʨʫʰʻʲʰ ʰʴʫʰʭʰʫʻʨʲʻʸʰ ʨʸʹʬʩʬʩʰ
ʨʸʰʨʴ ʫʨ ʸʵʳ ʻʮʬʴʨʬʹʰ ʳʨʸʨʫʷʨʳʻʲʰ ʳʨʹʻʲʫʪʳʻʲʬʩʬʲʰʨ ʨʳ
ʨʸʹʬʩʬʩʰʹʨ – ʰʽʴʬʩʰʨʴ ʰʹʰʴʰ ʪʨʴʶʰʸʵʩʬʩʻʲʴʰ ʯʻ ʹʻʲʰʬʸ
ʯʨʭʰʹʻʼʲʬʩʨʹ ʮʰʨʸʬʩʻʲʴʰ.
ʻʮʬʴʨʬʹʰ ʻʼʨʲʰ ʻʳʨʾʲʬʹʰ ʰʴʫʰʭʰʫʻʨʲʻʸʰ ʶʰʸʵʭʴʬʩʨʨ, ʨʸˇʻʴʨ
ʻʼʲʰʹ ʳʨʸʨʫʰʻʲʰ ʯʨʴʨʳʪʮʨʭʸʰʨ ʫʨ ʰʽ ʯʨʭʳʵʿʸʰʲʰ ʿʵʭʬʲʰ ʳʬʼʬ˂
ʳʨʸʨʫʰʻʲʰ ʨʸʹʬʩʨʴʰ ʨʸʰʨʴ.
ʨʸ ʨʸʰʹ ʹ˄ʵʸʰ, ʯʰʯʽʵʹ ʰʹʰʴʰ ʸʵʪʵʸ˂ ʰʴʫʰʭʰʫʬʩʰ, ʨʸ ʨʸʹʬʩʵʩʫʴʬʴ
˄ʨʸʹʻʲˀʰ ʫʨ ʨʸ˂ ʳʵʳʨʭʨʲˀʰ ʻ˄ʬʸʰʨʯ ʳʨʸʨʫʰʻʲ ʶʰʸʵʭʴʬʩʬʩʨʫ
ʫʨʸˁʬʴʨ. ʹʰʴʨʳʫʭʰʲʬˀʰ, ʰʹʰʴʰ ʯʰʯʵʬʻʲʨʫ ʰʿʭʴʬʴ ˄ʨʸʹʻʲˀʰ ʫʨ ʬʹ
˂ʨʲʱʬʻʲʰ ʳʿʵʼʵʩʨ ʳʵʳʨʭʨʲˀʰ˂ ˀʬʻ˄ʿʭʬʺʲʰʭ ʪʨʪʸ˃ʬʲʫʬʩʨ. ʴʻʯʻ ʨʳʰʹ
ˀʬ˂ʴʵʩʰʹ ˀʬʳʫʬʪ ˀʬʰ˃ʲʬʩʨ ʭʰʴʳʬʮʬ ʪʲʵʭʨ-ʺʰʸʰʲʰ?!
ʻʼʨʲʰ ʱʸʰˀʴʨ, ʻʳʨʾʲʬʹʰ ʨʭʺʵʸʰʺʬʺʰ, ʻʨʸʿʵʼʹ ʳʨʰʨʭʨʫʬʩʰʹ
ʯʬʵʸʰʨʹ, ʸʵʳ ʰʴʫʰʭʰʫʻʨʲʻʸʰ ʹʻʲʰ ʪʨʴʯʨʭʰʹʻʼʲʬʩʰʹ ˀʬʳʫʬʪ ʳʨʰʨʹ,
ʨʴʻ ʰʲʻʮʰʰʹ ʹʨʩʻʸʭʬʲʹ ʰˆʹʴʰʹ ʫʨ ʻʶʰʸʵʭʴʵ ʩʸʨˈʳʨʴʹ ʬʸ˄ʿʳʰʹ, ʸʰʯʨ˂
ʹʨʱʻʯʨʸ ˂ʨʲʱʬʻʲ ʨʸʹʬʩʵʩʨʹ ʱʨʸʪʨʭʹ. ʨʸ ʨʸʰʹ ʹ˄ʵʸʰ ʰʹ ʯʬʵʸʰʨ˂, ʸʵʳ

11

Tavi meore – gitas mokle Sinaarsi

ʰʴʫʰʭʰʫʻʨʲʵʩʨ ʳˆʵʲʵʫ ʪʨʴʶʰʸʵʩʬʩʻʲ ʹʻʲʹ ʨˆʨʹʰʨʯʬʩʹ. ʱʸʰˀʴʨ
ʪʨʸʱʭʬʭʰʯ ʳʰʻʯʰʯʬʩʹ, ʸʵʳ ʳʵʳʨʭʨʲˀʰ˂ (ʸʵʪʵʸ˂ ʬʹ ʻʶʨʴʰˀʨʫʬʩˀʰʨ
ʫʨʫʨʹʺʻʸʬʩʻʲʰ) ʻʼʲʰʹʨ ʫʨ ʿʭʬʲʨ ʹˆʭʨ ˂ʵ˂ˆʨʲʰ ʨʸʹʬʩʬʩʰʹ
ʰʴʫʰʭʰʫʻʨʲʵʩʨ ʳʨʸʨʫʰʻʲʨʫ ʪʸ˃ʬʲʫʬʩʨ. ʬʹ ʨʮʸʰ ʻʹʰʺʿʭʵʫ
ʳʰʹʨʾʬʩʰʨ! ʯʨʭʨʫ ʱʸʰˀʴʨ ʰʲʻʮʰʰʹ ʹʨʩʻʸʭʬʲʽʭʬˀ ʨʸ ʬʽ˂ʬʭʨ.
ʰʴʫʰʭʰʫʻʨʲʵʩʨ ʸʵʳ ʻʫʨʭʵ ˅ʬˀʳʨʸʰʺʬʩʨ ʨʸ ʰʿʵʹ, ʳʨˀʰʴ ʳʵʳʨʭʨʲʯʨʴ
ʫʨʱʨʭˀʰʸʬʩʰʯ ʳʨʰʴ˂ ʻʼʨʲʰ ʬʹʵʫʬʴ ʫʰʫ ʿʻʸʨʫʾʬʩʨʹ ʨʸ ʪʨʨʳʨˆʭʰʲʬʩʫʨ
ʳʨʹʮʬ.
ʳʨʰʨʭʨʫʬʩʰ ˀʬʰ˃ʲʬʩʨ ˀʬʳʵʪʭʬʫʨʵʴ – ʰʴʫʰʭʰʫʻʨʲʵʩʨ, ʸʨʮʬʫʨ˂ ʱʸʰˀʴʨ
ʲʨʶʨʸʨʱʵʩʹ, ʳʨʺʬʸʰʨʲʻʸʰʨ ʫʨ ʨʸʨ ʹʻʲʰʬʸʰ. ʯʻ ʫʨʭʬʯʨʴˆʳʬʩʰʯ
ʨʸʪʻʳʬʴʺʹ, ʸʵʳ ʰʴʫʰʭʰʫʻʨʲʵʩʨ ʳʨʺʬʸʰʨʲʻʸʰʨ, ʸʵʪʵʸ ʻʴʫʨ
ʪʨʭʨ˂ʴʵʩʰʬʸʵʯ ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ ʰʴʫʰʭʰʫʻʨʲʵʩʨ? ʻʼʨʲʰ ʨʫʨʹʺʻʸʬʩʹ, ʸʵʳ ʰʪʰ
ʰʴʫʰʭʰʫʻʨʲʻʸʰ ʰʿʵ ˄ʨʸʹʻʲˀʰ ʫʨ ʨʹʬʯʨʫ ʫʨʸˁʬʩʨ ʳʵʳʨʭʨʲˀʰ˂, ʸʵʳ
ʻʶʰʸʵʭʴʵ ʩʸʨˈʳʨʴʰ ʳʨʹ ʬʳʵʸˁʰʲʬʩʨ ʫʨ ʿʵʭʬʲʯʭʰʹ ˀʬʰʴʨʸˁʻʴʬʩʹ ʯʨʭʰʹ
ʹʻʲʰʬʸ ʱʬʸ˃ʵʵʩʨʹ. ʯʻ ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ ʳʰʭʰˁʴʬʭʯ ʻʩʸʨʲʵ ʪʨʴʶʰʸʵʩʬʩʻʲ
ʹʻʲʨʫ, ʸʵʳʬʲʹʨ˂ ʰʴʫʰʭʰʫʻʨʲʻʸʰ ˂ʴʵʩʰʬʸʬʩʨ ʨˆʨʹʰʨʯʬʩʹ, ʳʨˀʰʴ ʳʰʹʰ
“ʩˈʨʪʨʭʨʫ-ʪʰʺʨ”, ʸʵʪʵʸ˂ ʨʭʺʵʸʰʺʬʺʻʲʰ ˄ʳʰʴʫʨ ˄ʬʸʰʲʰ, ʿʵʭʬʲʪʭʨʸ
ʨʮʸʹ ʱʨʸʪʨʭʹ.
ʻʩʸʨʲʵ ʨʫʨʳʰʨʴʰ, ʸʵʳʬʲʹʨ˂ ʱʨ˂ʯʨʯʯʭʰʹ ʴʰˀʴʬʻʲʰ ʵʯˆʰʭʬ
ʴʨʱʲʵʭʨʴʬʩʨ ʨˆʨʹʰʨʯʬʩʹ, ʭʬʸ ʪʭʨʹ˄ʨʭʲʰʹ ʭʬʸʨʼʬʸʹ ʰʹʬʯʹ, ʳʵʹʨʹʳʬʴʨʫ
ʸʵʳ ʾʰʸʫʬʹ. “ʪʰʺʨ” ʿʵʭʬʲʰʭʬ ʨʹʬʯ ʽʨʫʨʪʬʩʨ-ʹ˄ʨʭʲʬʩʨʮʬ ʳʨʾʲʨ ʫʪʨʹ –
ʭʬʸ˂ ʬʸʯʰ ʹʨʬʸʯʵ ˀʰʴʨʨʸʹʰʹ ˄ʰʪʴʰ ʭʬʸ ʪʨʻʺʵʲʫʬʩʨ ʳʰʹ ʮʬʹʰʩʸ˃ʴʬʹ.
ʯʻ ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ ʻʩʸʨʲʵ
ʨʫʨʳʰʨʴʨʫ ˁʨʭʯʭʲʰʯ, ʸʨʾʨ ʫʨʸˁʬʩʨ “ʪʰʺʨʹ” ʳʯʬʲʰ ʾʭʯʨʬʩʸʰʭʰ
ʫʰʫʬʩʻʲʬʩʰʫʨʴ?!
ʳʨʰʨʭʨʫʬʩʰ ʨʸ ˂ˆʸʬʩʰʨʴ – ʨʳ ʲʬʽʹˀʰ ʳʵ˂ʬʳʻʲʰ ʳʸʨʭʲʵʩʰʯʵʩʨ –
ʳʬʼʬʴʰ – ʶʰʸʵʩʰʯʰʨ ʫʨ ʹˆʬʻʲʹ ʬˆʬʩʨ ʳˆʵʲʵʫʵ. ʬʹ ʯʻ ʳʨʸʯʨʲʰʨ, ˄ʰʴʨ
ʲʬʽʹˀʰ ʸʨʺʵʳ ʰʽʴʨ ʫʨʪʳʵʩʰʲʰ ʨʹʬʯʰ ˀʬˆʬʫʻʲʬʩʨʴʰ ʹˆʬʻʲʮʬ. ʳʨʹ
ˀʬʳʫʬʪ, ʸʨ˂ ʯʨʭʨʫ ʻʼʨʲʳʨ ʫʨʪʳʵ ˂ʵ˂ˆʨʲ ʨʸʹʬʩʨʯʨ ʹˆʬʻʲʰʹʬʻʲʰ
ˀʬˆʬʫʻʲʬʩʨ, ʶʰʸʵʩʰʯ ʳʸʨʭʲʵʩʰʯʵʩʨʮʬ ʨʪʬʩʻʲ ʳʺʱʰ˂ʬʩʨʹ ʰʹʬʭ
ʹˆʬʻʲʹ ʸʨʺʵʳ ʫʨʻʱʨʭˀʰʸʬʩʫʨ?! ʨˀʱʨʸʨʨ, ʸʵʳ ʰʴʫʰʭʰʫʻʨʲʵʩʰʹ ʼʨʽʺʰ
ʫʨʹʨʩʻʯʬʩʻʲʰʨ ʹʻʲʰʬʸ ʹʨʼʻ˃ʭʬʲʮʬ, ʸʨʹʨ˂ ʰʹʬʯʰ ʫʰʨʫʰ ʨˁʨʸʰʬʩʰ
ʨʫʨʹʺʻʸʬʩʬʴ, ʸʵʪʵʸʬʩʰ˂ ʨʸʰʨʴ ˀʸʰ ʸʨʳʨʴʻˇʨ ʫʨ ʹˆʭʬʩʰ.
“ʪʰʺʨˀʰ” ʳʸʨʭʨʲʪʨʴ ʨʸʰʹ ʪʨʸʱʭʬʭʰʯ ʴʨʯʽʭʨʳʰ, ʸʵʳ ʨʳ ʹʻʲʰʬʸʰ
ʰʴʫʰʭʰʫʻʨʲʵʩʰʹ ˀʬ˂ʴʵʩʨ ʳˆʵʲʵʫ ʻʼʲʰʹ ʬʸʯʪʻʲʯ ˃ʨʲʻ˃ʯ. ʳʨʯ,
ʭʰʴ˂ ʳʵˀʻʸʴʬʵʩʰʯ ʪʻʲʪʨʹʬʸʰʲʰ ʻʿʻʸʬʩʬʴ ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ, ʸʵʪʵʸ˂ ʻʮʬʴʨʬʹ
ʾʳʯʨʬʩʸʰʭ ʶʰʸʵʭʴʬʩʨʹ, ʨʳ ʫʰʨʫ ʲʰʺʬʸʨʺʻʸʨʳʫʬ ʪʵʴʬʩʨ ʨʸ ʳʵʻ˄ʭʫʬʩʨ.
ʨʸʨʬʸʯʪʻʲʬʩʰʹ ʳ˂ʫʬʲʵʩʨ – ʪʨʰʪʵʴ “ʪʰʺʨ” – ʰʳ ʼʻʺʱʸʰʹ ʨʳʨʵ

12

Tavi meore – gitas mokle Sinaarsi

ʩʮʻʰʲʹʨ ˈʪʨʭʹ, ʸʵʳʬʲʰ˂ ʯʨʭʫʨˆʻʸʻʲ ʯʨʼʲʰʹ ʽʰʲʨʹ ʫʨʹʺʸʰʨʲʬʩʹ
ʫʨ ʪʨʸʬʫʨʴ ʨʶʰʸʬʩʹ ʿʭʨʭʰʲʯʨ ʴʬʽʺʨʸʰʹ ʫʨʪʬʳʵʭʴʬʩʨʹ.
ʸʵʪʵʸ˂ ʨʳ ˄ʰʪʴʰʹ ʳʬʵʯˆʬ ʯʨʭˀʰʨ ʴʨʯʽʭʨʳʰ, “ʩˈʨʪʨʭʨʫ-ʪʰʺʨʹ” ʰʫʻʳʨʲ
ʹʰʾʸʳʬʬʩˀʰ ˁʨ˄ʭʫʵʳʨ ʳˆʵʲʵʫ ʬʸʯʪʻʲʬʩʹ ˀʬʻ˃ʲʰʨʯ, ʹˆʭʨ ʳʨʹ ʭʬʸʨʭʰʴ
ˀʬ˃ʲʬʩʹ. “ʪʰʺʨʹ” ʹʰʨˆʲʵʭʬʹʨ˂ ʭʬʸ ʪʨʬʱʨʸʬʩʰʨʴ ʰʹʰʴʰ, ʭʰʹʨ˂ ʻʼʲʰʹ
ʨʸʹʬʩʵʩʰʹ ʯʭʰʯ ʼʨʽʺʰ˂ ʱʰ ʹʨʫʨʵʫ ʪʨʻˆʫʰʨʯ. ʨʳʰʺʵʳ ʨʸʰʹ, ʸʵʳ
“ʪʰʺʨʹ” ʨˆʹʴʨ-ʪʨʴʳʨʸʺʬʩʬʩˀʰ, ʸʨ˂ ʳʨʰʨʭʨʫʯʨ ˅ʱʻʰʹ ʴʨ˂ʵʫʭʰʲʨʸʰʯ ʨʸʰʹ
ʫʨʾʫʨʹʳʻʲʰ, ʳʯʬʲʰ ˅ʬˀʳʨʸʰʺʬʩʨ ʪʨʴʪʬʩ ʯʨʭʫʨʿʰʸʨʨ ʫʨʿʬʴʬʩʻʲʰ ʫʨ
ʳʱʰʯˆʭʬʲʹʨ˂ ʯʨʭʪʮʨʹ ʻʸʬʭʹ.
ʻʼʨʲʳʨ ˁʨʰʺʨʴʰʨʳ ʨʪʭʰʱʸ˃ʨʲʨ ʳʨʰʨʭʨʫʬʩʰʹ ʱʵʳʬʴʺʨʸʬʩʰʹ ʱʰʯˆʭʨ ʫʨ
ʪʨʪʭʨʼʸʯˆʰʲʨ – ʨʳ ˂ʸʻʹ˄ʨʭʲʻʲʯʨ ˀʬˆʬʫʻʲʬʩʬʩʰʹ ʪʨʮʰʨʸʬʩʨ “ʪʰʺʨʹ”
˅ʬˀʳʨʸʰʺʰ ʰʫʻʳʨʲʰ ʹʰʩʸ˃ʴʰʹ ˀʬ˂ʴʵʩʰʹ ʻʴʨʸʹ ʨˁʲʻʴʪʬʩʹ.
ʰʴʫʰʭʰʫʻʨʲʵʩʨ ʸʵʳ ʬʳʶʰʸʰʻʲ ʹʨʳʿʨʸʵʹ ʬˆʬʩʵʫʬʹ ʳˆʵʲʵʫ, ʳʨˀʰʴ
ʻʼʲʰʹ ʳʵ˃ʾʭʸʬʩʨ ʨʾʨʸ ʰʽʴʬʩʵʫʨ ʹʨ˅ʰʸʵ. ʸʵʪʵʸ˂ ʨʾʭʴʰˀʴʬʯ
ʳʸʨʭʲʵʩʰʯʵʩʨ ʹʻʲʰʹʨ ʫʨ ʻʼʲʰʹʨ ʳʨʸʨʫʰʻʲʰ ʼʨʽʺʰʨ, ʸʨ˂
ʫʨʫʨʹʺʻʸʬʩʻʲʰʨ ʭʬʫʬʩˀʰ.
13) ʸʵʪʵʸ˂ ʹʻʲʰ, ʳʰ˄ʰʬʸʰ ʹˆʬʻʲʰʯ ˀʬʳʵʪʨʸʹʻʲʰ, ʪʨʴʻ˄ʿʭʬʺʲʰʭ
ʪʨʫʨʫʰʹ ʩʨʭˀʭʵʩʰʫʨʴ ʹʰ˅ʨʩʻʱʬˀʰ ʫʨ ʹʰ˅ʨʩʻʱʰʫʨʴ ʹʰʩʬʸʬˀʰ, ʹ˄ʵʸʬʫ
ʨʹʬʭʬ ʹʰʱʭʫʰʲʰʹ ʷʨʳʹ ʹʻʲʰ ʪʨʫʨʰʴʨ˂ʭʲʬʩʹ ʹˆʭʨ ʹˆʬʻʲˀʰ. ʪʵʴʰʬʸ
ʨʫʨʳʰʨʴʹ ʨʸ ʨʩʴʬʭʹ ʨʹʬʯʰ ˂ʭʲʰʲʬʩʨ.
ˀʰʴʨ-ʨʸʹʰ: ʭʰʴʨʰʫʨʴ ʿʵʭʬʲʰ ˂ʵ˂ˆʨʲʰ ʨʸʹʬʩʨ ʰʴʫʰʭʰʫʻʨʲʻʸʰ ʹʻʲʰʨ,
ʰʪʰ ʳʨʸʨʫ ʰ˂ʭʲʰʹ ʹˆʬʻʲʹ: ʪʭʬʭʲʰʴʬʩʨ ˆʨʴ ˁʭʰʲʰʹ, ˆʨʴ ʿʸʳʰʹ ʫʨ ˆʨʴʨ˂
ʳʵˆʻ˂ʰʹ ʹʨˆʰʯ. ʳʰʻˆʬʫʨʭʨʫ ʨʳ ʻ˄ʿʭʬʺʰ ˂ʭʨʲʬʩʨʫʵʩʰʹʨ, ʹʻʲʰ ˀʬʻʭʨʲʰ
ʫʨ ʻ˂ʭʨʲʬʩʬʲʰ ʸˁʬʩʨ. ʳˆʵʲʵʫ ʹʰ˂ʵ˂ˆʲʰʹ ʪʨʴʱʰʫʻʸʮʬ ʺʵʭʬʩʹ ʯʨʭʰʹ
˃ʭʬʲ ʪʨʸʹʹ ʫʨ ʪʨʫʨʰʴʨ˂ʭʲʬʩʹ ʨˆʨʲ ʹˆʬʻʲˀʰ.
ʭʰʴʨʰʫʨʴ ʹʰʱʭʫʰʲʰʹ ˀʬʳʫʪʵʳ ˂ˆʵʭʸʬʩʨˀʰ ʨʫʨʳʰʨʴʰ ʨʻ˂ʰʲʬʩʲʨʫ
ˀʬʰ˃ʬʴʹ ʨˆʨʲ ʹˆʬʻʲʹ – ʳʨʺʬʸʰʨʲʻʸʹ ʨʴ ʹʻʲʰʬʸʹ, ʨʸˇʻʴʨʹ ʬʹ ʻʴʫʨ
ʹ˂ʵʫʴʵʫʨ ʫʨ ʩˈʰˀʳʨʹʨ ʫʨ ʫʸʵʴʨʹ ʳʵʱʭʲʰʹ ˀʬʳʯˆʭʬʭʨˀʰ˂ ʨʸʨʼʬʸʰ
ˈʽʵʴʫʨ ʹʨʪʲʵʭ-ʹʨʼʰʽʸʨʲʰ. ʶʰʸʰʽʰʯ, ʻʴʫʨ ʪʨˆʨʸʬʩʵʫʨ, ʸʵʳ ʳʰʹʰ
ʳʨˆʭʰʲʰʹ ʳʹˆʭʬʸʶʲʴʰ ˃ʭʬʲ ʹˆʬʻʲʬʩʹ ʪʨʳʵʰ˂ʭʲʰʫʴʬʴ ʫʨ ʨˆʲʬʩʹ
ʳʵʰʸʪʬʩʫʴʬʴ, ʸʰʯʨ˂ ʪʨʴʨˆʲʫʬʩʵʫʨ ʳʨʯʰ ʹʨʹʰ˂ʵ˂ˆʲʵ ˃ʨʲ-ʾʵʴʬ.
ʹˆʬʻʲʰʹ ʿʵʭʬʲ ʪʨʳʵ˂ʭʲʨʹ ʰʳʰʹ ʳʰˆʬʫʭʰʯ ʨˆʲʨʭʹ ʩʬʫʴʰʬʸʬʩʨ ʯʻ
ʺʨʴˇʭʨ, ʸʨ˂ ʹʰ˂ʵ˂ˆʲʬˀʰ ˁʨʻʫʬʴʰʨ – ʩʵʸʵʺʰ ʺʨʴˇʭʨʫ ʳʰʬʮʾʭʬʩʨ,
ʹʰʱʬʯʬ – ʩʬʫʴʰʬʸʬʩʨʫ.
ʩˈʰˀʳʨ ʫʨ ʫʸʵʴʨ ʱʬʯʰʲˀʵʩʰʲʬʩʰʯ ʪʨʳʵʸˁʬʻʲʴʰ ʰʿʭʴʬʴ, ʨʳʰʺʵʳʨ˂
ʹʰʱʭʫʰʲʰʹ ˀʬʳʫʪʵʳ ʫʨʳʹʨˆʻʸʬʩʻʲʨʫ ʳʰʰʾʬʩʫʴʬʴ ʯʻ ʨʸʨ ʹʻʲʰʬʸ,
ʻʱʰʫʻʸʬʹ ˀʬʳʯˆʭʬʭʨˀʰ ʮʬ˂ʰʻʸ ʹˆʬʻʲʬʩʹ, ʸʰʯʨ˂ ʳʨʺʬʸʰʨʲʻʸʰ

13

Tavi meore – gitas mokle Sinaarsi

ʨʸʹʬʩʵʩʰʹ ʸʱʨʲˀʰ ʻʳʨʾʲʬʹ ʹʰʨʳʵʭʴʬʩʨʹ ʳʵʰʶʵʭʬʩʫʴʬʴ. ʨʳʸʰʪʨʫ,
ʨʸˇʻʴʨʹ ʪʲʵʭʰʹ ʳʰʮʬʮʰ ʹʨʬʸʯʵʫ ʨʸ ˈʽʵʴʫʨ.
ʴʬʩʰʹʳʰʬʸ ʨʫʨʳʰʨʴʹ, ʸʵʳʬʲʰ˂ ʼʲʵʩʹ ʹʸʻʲʿʵʼʰʲ ˂ʵʫʴʨʹ
ʰʴʫʰʭʰʫʻʨʲʻʸʰ ʹʻʲʰʹ, ʮʬʹʻʲʰʹʨ ʫʨ ʩʻʴʬʩʰʹ (ʸʵʪʵʸ˂
ʳʨʺʬʸʰʨʲʻʸʰʹ, ʰʹʬ ʹʻʲʰʬʸʰʹ) ʨʸʹʰʹ ˀʬʹʨˆʬʩ, ʬ˄ʵʫʬʩʨ ʫˈʰʸʨ – ʿʭʬʲʨʮʬ
ʹʨʾʨʫ ʳʵʨʮʸʵʭʴʬ. ʨʹʬʯʰ ʨʫʨʳʰʨʴʰ ʨʸʨʹʵʫʬʹ ʰʩʴʬʭʨ ʹˆʬʻʲʯʨ ˂ʭʲʰʹ
ʳʨʸʨʫ ʻ˄ʿʭʬʺ ˄ʸʬʩʸʻʴʭʨˀʰ.
ʳʨʰʨʭʨʫʬʩʰʹ ʯʬʵʸʰʨ ʹʻʲʰʹ ʳʯʲʰʨʴʵʩʨʹ ʳ˂ʫʨʸʨʫ ˆʹʴʰʹ, ʸʨʳʬʯʻ
ˀʬʻ˃ʲʬʩʬʲʰʨ ʹʻʲʰʹ ʫʨʴʨ˄ʬʭʸʬʩʨ. ʨʹʬʯʰ ʸʨʳ ʸʵʳ ˀʬʹʨ˃ʲʬʩʬʲʰ ʰʿʵʹ,
ʻʮʬʴʨʬʹʰ ʻʼʨʲʰ ʨʸʨ ʪʨʴʻʿʵʼʬʲʰ ʳʯʲʰʨʴʰ ʫʨ ʻ˂ʭʨʲʬʩʬʲʰ, ʨʸʨʳʬʫ
ʫʨʴʨ˄ʬʭʸʬʩʻʲʰ ʫʨ ˂ʭʲʨʹ ʳʰʴʫʵʩʰʲʰ ʰʽʴʬʩʵʫʨ. “ʪʰʺʨˀʰ”
ʫʨʫʨʹʺʻʸʬʩʻʲʰʨ ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ ʳʯʲʰʨʴʵʩʰʹʨ ʫʨ ʳʨʸʨʫʻ˂ʭʲʬʲʵʩʰʹ
˅ʬˀʳʨʸʰʺʬʩʨ. ʻʮʬʴʨʬʹʰ ʳʯʲʰʨʴʰʨ ʫʨ ʫʨʻʴʨ˄ʬʭʸʬʩʬʲʰ ʳʨˀʰʴʨ˂, ʸʵ˂ʨ
ʳʰʹʰ ʹʻʲʰʹ ʴʨ˄ʰʲʬʩʰ (ʹʨʴʨʺʨʴʨ) ʳʨʸʨʫʰʻʲʨʫ ʪʨʴʬʼʰʴʬʩʰʨʴ ˂ʵ˂ˆʨʲ
ʹʨʳʿʨʸʵˀʰ; ʳʨʯ ʽˀʨʸʨ ʬ˄ʵʫʬʩʨʯ ʫʨ ʨʺʨʸʬʩʬʴ ʨʩʹʵʲʻʺʻʸʰ ʹʻʲʰʹ
ʴʰˀʨʴʹ. ʪʨʴʯʨʭʰʹʻʼʲʬʩʰʹ ˀʬʳʫʬʪʨ˂ ʱʰ ʰʴʫʰʭʰʫʻʨʲʻʸʰ ʹʻʲʰ ʳʨʸʨʫ
ʸˁʬʩʨ ʾʭʯʰʻʸʰ ʹʻʲʰʹ ʼʸʨʪʳʬʴʺʻʲ ʹʨˆʬʫ, ʳʨʪʸʨʳ ʻʱʭʬ ʾʳʸʯʨʬʩʸʰʭʰ
ʶʰʸʵʭʴʬʩʨʹʯʨʴ ʳʨʸʨʫʰʻʲʰ ʴʬʺʨʸʬʩʰʯʨ ʫʨ ˂ʵʫʴʰʯ ʨʾʹʨʭʹʬ
ʯʨʴʨʳʿʵʼʵʩʰʯʨʨ ʾʰʸʹʽʳʴʰʲʰ.
ʨʴʨʸʬʱʲʰʹ ʳʵʭʲʬʴʨ ˀʬʰ˃ʲʬʩʨ ʪʨʳʵʭʰʿʬʴʵʯ ʮʬʹʻʲʰʹ ʿʵʭʬʲ
ʰʴʫʰʭʰʫʻʨʲʻʸ ʹˆʬʻʲˀʰ ʿʵʼʴʰʹʨ (ʶʨʸʨʳʨʺʳʨ) ʫʨ ʨʳ ʹˆʬʻʲˀʰ
ʨʸʹʬʩʻʲʰ ʹʻʲʫʪʳʻʲʰʹʨʪʨʴ ʳʰʹʰ ʪʨʴʹˆʭʨʭʬʩʰʹ ʴʨʯʬʲʹʨʿʵʼʨʫ.
ʸʵʫʬʹʨ˂ ˄ʿʲʰʹ ʮʬʫʨʶʰʸʮʬ ʰʸʬʱʲʬʩʨ ˂ʨ, ʨʴʨʸʬʱʲˀʰ ˁʨʴʹ ˆʨʴ ʳʮʬ, ˆʨʴ
ʳʯʭʨʸʬ ʫʨ ʭʨʸʹʱʭʲʨʭʬʩʰ. ʬʹ ʻʱʨʴʨʹʱʴʬʲʴʰ ˀʬʰ˃ʲʬʩʨ ˂ʵ˂ˆʨʲ ʨʸʹʬʩʬʩʹ
ˀʬʭʨʫʨʸʵʯ, ʳʮʬ ʨʴ ʳʯʭʨʸʬ – ʻʮʬʴʨʬʹ ʻʼʨʲʹ. ʨʸˇʻʴʨ ʪʨʴʨʹʨˆʰʬʸʬʩʹ
ʨʩʹʵʲʻʺʻʸʰ ʹʻʲʰʹ ʰʴʫʰʭʰʫʻʨʲʻʸ ʼʸʨʪʳʬʴʺʬʩʹ, ʻʮʬʴʨʬʹʰ ʹʻʲʰ ʱʰ
ˀʸʰ ʱʸʰˀʴʨʨ – ʰʹʰʴʰ ʬʸʯ ʫʵʴʬʮʬ ʨʸ ʰʳʿʵʼʬʩʰʨʴ (ʬʹ ʴʨʯʬʲʰ ʪʨˆʫʬʩʨ
ʳʬʵʯˆʬ ʯʨʭʰʹ ʫʨʹʨ˄ʿʰʹˀʰ). ʯʻ ʨʸˇʻʴʨ ʻʼʲʰʹ ʫʵʴʬʮʬʨ ʫʨ ʻʼʨʲʰ ʨʸ
ʨʸʰʹ ʳʨʹʮʬ ʨʾʳʨʺʬʩʻʲʰ, ʳʨˀʰʴ ʨʮʸʰ ʬʱʨʸʪʬʩʨ ʳʨʯʹ, ʸʵʪʵʸ˂ ʳʵ˃ʾʭʨʸʰʹʨ
ʫʨ ʳʵ˄ʨʼʰʹ, ʻʸʯʰʬʸʯʵʩʨʹ. ʯʻ ʵʸʰʭʬ ʰʲʻʮʵʸʻʲʰ ʬʴʬʸʪʰʰʹ (ʳʨʰʨʹ)
ʪʨʭʲʬʴʰʹ ʽʭʬˀʨʨ ʫʨ ˀʬ˂ʫʵʳʬʩʰ˂ ʨʳʰʹ ʪʨʳʵ ʳʵʻʭʨʯ, ʳʨˀʰʴ ʸʨʾʨ ʹʨ˅ʰʸʵʨ
ʬʸʯʰ ʳʨʹ˄ʨʭʲʬʩʬʲʰ ʰʿʵʹ, ʳʬʵʸʬ ˀʬʪʰʸʫʰ. ʨʹʬʯʰ ʹ˄ʨʭʲʬʩʨ ʫʸʵʰʹ ʼʻ˅ʰ
ʼʲʨʴʪʭʨ ʰʽʴʬʩʵʫʨ ʳˆʵʲʵʫ, ʭʰʴʨʰʫʨʴ ʳʨʰʨʹ ʱʲʨʴ˅ʬʩˀʰ ʳʵʽ˂ʬʻʲʰ
ʭʬʸʨʭʰʴ ʰʽʴʬʩʨ ʻ˂ʯʵʳʬʲʰ ʨʭʺʵʸʰʺʬʺʰ.
ʨʹʬʯ ˀʬʳʯˆʭʬʭʨˀʰ ʹ˄ʵʸʰʨ ʫʨʹʱʭʴʨ – ʱʸʰˀʴʨ ʻʮʬʴʨʬʹʰ ʻʼʨʲʰʨ, ʳʨʹ ʭʬʸ
ʬˆʬʩʨ ʳʨʰʨʹ ʪʨʭʲʬʴʨ, ʳʨʾʲʨ ʫʪʨʹ ʿʵʭʬʲ ˂ʵ˂ˆʨʲ ʨʸʹʬʩʨʮʬ ʫʨ, ʸʨ ʯʽʳʨ
ʻʴʫʨ, ʨʸˇʻʴʨʮʬ˂. ʬʹ ʻʱʨʴʨʹʱʴʬʲʰʨ ʹ˄ʵʸʬʫ ʳʵˁʭʬʴʬʩʰʯʰ ʬʴʬʸʪʰʰʯ
ʳʵʺʿʻʬʩʻʲʰ, ʫʨʩʴʬʻʲʰ ʹʻʲʰ.

14

Tavi meore – gitas mokle Sinaarsi

14) ʵ, ʱʻʴʺʰʹ ˀʭʰʲʵ, ʩʬʫʴʰʬʸʬʩʨ-ʻʩʬʫʻʸʬʩʰʹ ʪʨʳʵˁʬʴʨ ʫʨ ʷʨʳʯʨʹʭʲʨˀʰ
ʳʨʯʰ ʪʨʴʽʨʸʬʩʨ ˄ʨʸʳʨʭʨʲʰʨ ʫʨ ʮʨʳʯʨʸ-ʮʨʼˆʻʲʰʹ ʫʨʫʪʵʳʨ-ʳʰ˄ʻʸʭʨʹ
ˈʪʨʭʹ. ʰʹʰʴʰ ʴʰʭʯʰʬʸ ʹʨʪʴʬʩʯʨʴ ʪʸ˃ʴʵʩʬʩʰʹ ʱʨʭˀʰʸʰʹʨʪʨʴ
ʨʾʳʵ˂ʬʴʫʬʩʰʨʴ, ʵ, ʩˈʨʸʨʺʨʹ ˀʯʨʳʵʳʨʭʨʲʵ, ʫʨ ʨʫʨʳʰʨʴʳʨ ʻʴʫʨ ʰʹ˄ʨʭʲʵʹ
ʳʨʯʰ ʳʵʯʳʰʴʬʩʰʯ ʨʺʨʴʨ.
ˀʰʴʨ-ʨʸʹʰ: ʹʨʱʻʯʨʸʰ ʳʵʭʨʲʬʵʩʰʹ ˀʬʹʨʹʸʻʲʬʩʲʨʫ ʨʫʨʳʰʨʴʳʨ
ʳʵʯʳʰʴʬʩʰʯ ʻʴʫʨ ʳʰʰʾʵʹ ʩʬʫʴʰʬʸʬʩʨ˂ʨ ʫʨ ʻʩʬʫʻʸʬʩʨ˂. ʭʬʫʻʸʰ
ʫʨʴʨ˄ʬʹʰʹ ʯʨʴʨˆʳʨʫ, ʨʫʨʳʰʨʴʳʨ ʻʴʫʨ ˀʬʨʹʸʻʲʵʹ ʪʨʴʩʨʴʭʰʹ ʸʰʺʻʨʲʰ
ʫʰʲʨʨʫʸʰʨʴ ʳʨʪˈʨʹ ʯʭʬˀʰ˂ ʱʰ (ʰʨʴʭʨʸ-ʯʬʩʬʸʭʨʲʰ). ʨʳ ʫʸʵʹ ˃ʨʲʰʨʴ
˂ʰʭʨ, ʳʨʪʸʨʳ ʸʬʲʰʪʰʻʸʰ ʱʨʴʵʴʬʩʰʹ ʳʰʳʫʬʭʨʸʰ ʱʨ˂ʰ ʻʿʵʿʳʨʴʵʫ ʰʺʨʴʹ ʨʳ
ʹʰ˂ʰʭʬʹ. ʨʹʬʭʬ ʽʨʲʰ˂ ʫʨʻʮʨʸʬʩʲʨʫ ʻʴʫʨ ʨʳʮʨʫʬʩʫʬʹ ʹʨ˅ʳʬʲʹ
ʹʨʳʮʨʸʬʻʲʵˀʰ ʳʨʰʹʹʨ ʫʨ ʰʭʴʰʹˀʰ – ʮʨʼˆʻʲʰʹ ʿʭʬʲʨʮʬ ˂ˆʬʲ ʫʸʵʹ.
ʨʫʨʳʰʨʴʹ ʭʨʲʨʫ ʹ˃ʬʭʹ, ˀʬʨʹʸʻʲʵʹ ʯʨʰʭʰʹ ʳʵʭʨʲʬʵʩʨ ˆʬʲʹʨʿʸʬʲ ʯʻ
ʹʰ˂ʵ˂ʲʰʹʨʯʭʰʹ ʹʨˆʰʼʨʯʵ ʶʰʸʵʩʬʩˀʰ. ʹ˄ʵʸʬʫ ʨʹʬʯʰʭʬ ʸʬʲʰʪʰʻʸ
ʹʨʼʻ˃ʭʬʲʮʬʨ ʽˀʨʺʸʰʬʩʰʹʨʯʭʰʹ ʫʨʫʪʬʴʰʲʰ ʩʸ˃ʵʲʨ. ʽˀʨʺʸʰʨʹ
ʳʬʪʵʩʨʸʯʨʴ ʨʴ ʴʨʯʬʹʨʭʯʨʴʨ˂ ʸʵʳ ʫʨʹ˅ʰʸʫʬʹ ˀʬʩʸ˃ʵʲʬʩʨ, ʻʨʸʰ ʨʸ ʻʴʫʨ
ʯʽʭʨʹ ʭʨʲʰʹ ʨʾʹʸʻʲʬʩʨʮʬ, ʨʳʰʯ ʫʨʰ˂ʨʭʹ ʹˇʻʲʰʹʳʰʬʸ ʫʨʴʨ˄ʬʹʹ ʫʨ
ʨʳʨʾʲʫʬʩʨ ʾʭʯʨʬʩʸʰʭʰ ˂ʵʫʴʰʹ ʹʨʼʬˆʻʸʮʬ. ʳˆʵʲʵʫ ʨʹʬʯʰ
ʨʾʳʨʺʬʩʻʲʰ ˂ʵʫʴʰʯʨ ʫʨ ʻʼʲʰʹ ʬʸʯʪʻʲʬʩʰʯ ˀʬʰ˃ʲʬʩʨ ʳʨʰʨʹ
(ʰʲʻʮʰʰʹ) ʱʲʨʴ˅ʬʩʰʫʨʴ ʯʨʭʰʹ ʫʨʾ˄ʬʭʨ.
ʨʽ ʳʴʰˀʭʴʬʲʵʭʨʴʰʨ ʰʹ ʵʸʰ ʹʨˆʬʲʰ˂, ʸʵʳʲʰʯʨ˂ ʱʸʰˀʴʨʳ ʨʸˇʻʴʨʹ
ʳʰʳʨʸʯʨ. ʱʨʻʴʺʬʰʨʫ ʳʰʹʰ ˄ʵʫʬʩʨ ʴʰˀʴʨʭʹ ʫʬʫʰʹ ʳˆʸʰʫʨʴ ʳʰʹ ʳʱʭʰʫʸ
ʹʰʹˆʲʰʯ ʴʨʯʬʹʨʵʩʨʹ, ʩˈʨʸʨʺʨʫ ʳʰʳʨʸʯʭʨ ʱʰ ʳʨʳʰʹ ʳˆʸʰʫʨʴ ʳʰʹ
ʹʰʫʰʨʫʬʮʬ ʳʰʻʯʰʯʬʩʹ. ʵʸʰʭʬ ʳˆʸʰʫʨʴ ʨʸˇʻʴʨʹ ʹʨʹʨˆʬʲʵ ˄ʰʴʨʶʸʬʩʰ
ˈʿʨʭʫʨ. ʨʹʬʯʰ ʪʨʳʵˁʰʴʬʩʻʲʰ ʳʬʳʱʭʰʫʸʬʵʩʨ ʨʫʨʳʰʨʴʹ ʳ˃ʰʳʬ ʺʭʰʸʯʹ
ʨʱʰʹʸʬʩʹ – ʶʰʸʻʯʭʴʬʲʨʫ ˀʬʨʹʸʻʲʵʹ ʯʨʭʰʹʰ ʳʵʭʨʲʬʵʩʬʩʰ. ʹ˄ʵʸʬʫ
ʨʳʰʺʵʳʨ˂ ʨʸˇʻʴʨ ʩʸ˃ʵʲʨʹ ʪʭʬʸʫʹ ʭʬʸ ʨʻʭʲʰʫʨ.
15) ʵ, ʱʨ˂ʯʨ ˀʵʸʰʹ ʪʨʳʵʸˁʬʻʲʵ [ʨʸˇʻʴʨ], ʶʰʸʵʭʴʬʩʨ, ʸʵʳʬʲʹʨ˂ ʴʰʸʹʨ˂
ʭʬʸ ʻ˂ʭʲʰʹ ʩʬʫʴʰʬʸʬʩʨ ʫʨ ʺʨʴˇʭʨ, ʸʵʳʬʲʰ˂ ʵʸʰʭʬʹ ʳʰʳʨʸʯ
ʪʻʲʪʸʰʲʰʨ ʫʨ ʳʺʱʰ˂ʬʫ ʳʯʳʬʴʰ, ʻʫʨʵʫ ʾʰʸʹʰʨ ʪʨʴʯʨʭʰʹʻʼʲʬʩʰʹʨ.
ˀʰʴʨ-ʨʸʹʰ: ʭʰʴ˂ ʻʸʿʬʭ ʹʰʳʺʱʰ˂ʬʹ ʰˁʬʴʹ ʹʻʲʰʬʸʰ ʯʭʰʯˀʬ˂ʴʵʩʰʹ ʳʨʾʨʲʰ
ʹʨʼʬˆʻʸʰʹ ʳʰʹʨʾ˄ʬʭʨʫ ʫʨ ʭʰʹʨ˂ ʬʸʯʴʨʰʸʨʫ ˀʬʻ˃ʲʰʨ ˅ʳʻʴʭʨʹʰˆʨʸʻʲʰʹ ʳʵʯʳʬʴʨ, ʻʫʨʵʫ ʬʮʰʨʸʬʩʨ ʪʨʴʯʨʭʰʹʻʼʲʬʩʰʹ ʳʨʫʲʹ.
ʭʨʸʴʨˀʸʨʳʨʹ ʹʨʮʵʪʨʫʵʬʩʨˀʰ ʹʰ˂ʵ˂ˆʲʰʹ ʳʬʵʯˆʬ ʹʺʨʫʰʨʹ, ʱʬʸ˃ʵʫ
ʪʨʴʫʬʪʰʲʵʩʨʹ (ʹʨʴʰʨʹʨʹ) ˃ʨʲʰʨʴ ʩʬʭʸʰ ʹʰ˃ʴʬʲʬ ʨˆʲʨʭʹ, ʳʨʪʸʨʳ ʭʰʹʨ˂

15

Tavi meore – gitas mokle Sinaarsi

ʹʰ˂ʵ˂ˆʲʬˀʰʭʬ ʹʻʸʹ ʹʸʻʲʿʵʼʰʲʬʩʰʹ ʳʰʾ˄ʬʭʨ, ʳʨʰʴ˂ ʾʬʩʻʲʵʩʹ
ʨʳʪʭʨʸʰ ˂ˆʵʭʸʬʩʰʹ ˄ʬʹʹ, ʳʰʻˆʬʫʨʭʨʫ ʰʳʰʹʨ, ʸʵʳ ʳʨʹ ʻˆʫʬʩʨ ʵˇʨˆʻʸ
ʻʸʯʰʬʸʯʵʩʬʩʮʬ ʻʨʸʰʹ ʯʽʳʨ, ˂ʵʲʰʹʨ ʫʨ ˀʭʰʲʬʩʰʹ ʳʰʺʵʭʬʩʨ – ʨʳʰʹ
ʨʺʨʴʨ ʫʰʫ ʹʻʲʰʬʸ ʫʨ ʼʰʮʰʱʻʸ ˃ʨʲʨʹ ʳʵʰʯˆʵʭʹ. ʯʻ ʳʨʴ ʫʰʫʰ
˃ʨʲʰʹˆʳʬʭʰʯ ʬʹ ˀʬ˃ʲʵ, ʻʫʨʵʫ ʫʨʨʹʸʻʲʬʩʹ ʹʻʲʰʬʸʰ ʸʬʨʲʰʮʨ˂ʰʰʹ
ʪʮʨʹ.
ʹ˄ʵʸʬʫ ʨʹʬʭʬ ʽˀʨʺʸʰʨʹ ʳʵʭʨʲʬʵʩʰʹ ˀʬʹʸʻʲʬʩʰʹ ʪʮʨʮʬ ʨʸˇʻʴʨʳ
ˀʬʻˁʬʸʬʩʲʨʫ ʻʴʫʨ ʰʨʸʵʹ, ʳʨˀʰʴʨ˂ ʱʰ, ʯʻ ʵˇʨˆʰʹ ˄ʬʭʸʬʩʯʨʴ ʨʴ
ʨˆʲʵʩʲʬʩʯʨʴ ʩʸ˃ʵʲʨ ʪʨʻ˅ʰʸʫʬʩʨ. ʻʼʨʲʳʨ ˁʨʰʺʨʴʰʨʳ ʵ˂ˆʨʵʯˆʰ ˄ʲʰʹ
ʨʹʨʱˀʰ ʳʰʰʾʵ ʹʨʴʰʨʹʨ, ʯʻʳ˂ʨ ʳʰʹ ʨˆʨʲʪʨʮʸʫʨ ʳʬʻʾʲʬʹʨ ʫʨ ʳʵˆʻ˂
ʫʬʫʨʹ ʳʰʹ ʳʬʺʰ ʶʨʺʸʵʴʰ ʨʸ ˈʿʨʭʫʨʯ. ʫʨ ʳʨʰʴ˂ ʻʮʬʴʨʬʹʰ ʳʰʮʴʰʹ
ʹʨʳʹʨˆʻʸʰʹʯʭʰʹ ʳʹˆʭʬʸʶʲʰ ʪʨʰʾʵ, ˀʬʻʫʪʨ ʪʨʴʫʬʪʰʲʵʩʰʹ ˄ʬʹʰʯ
˂ˆʵʭʸʬʩʨʹ ʫʨ ʳʺʱʰ˂ʬʫ ʨʹʸʻʲʬʩʫʨ ʯʨʭʰʹ ʳʨʾʨʲ ʳʵʭʨʲʬʵʩʬʩʹ.
ʨʹʬʯʰʨ ʳʨʺʬʸʰʨʲʻʸʵʩʰʹ ʺʿʭʬʵʩʰʫʨʴ ʪʨʴʯʨʭʰʹʻʼʲʬʩʰʹ ʪʮʨ.
16) ˅ʬˀʳʨʸʰʺʬʩʰʹ ʪʨʴʳʹˇʬʲʬʩʳʨ ʫʨ ʳˆʰʲʭʬʲʬʩʳʨ ʫʨʨʹʱʭʴʬʹ, ʸʵʳ
ʨʸʨʸʹʬʩʻʲʰ (ʨʴʻ ʳʨʺʬʸʰʨʲʻʸʰ ʹˆʬʻʲʰ) ʫʾʬʪʸ˃ʬʲʰ ʨʸ ʨʸʰʹ ʫʨ ʸʵʳ
ʨʸʹʬʩʻʲʰ – (ʹʻʲʰ) ʻ˂ʭʨʲʬʩʬʲʰ ʫʨ ʳʨʸʨʫʳʿʵʼʰʨ. ʨʳ ʫʨʹʱʭʴʨʳʫʬ ʰʹʰʴʰ
ʵʸʰʭʬʹ ʩʻʴʬʩʰʹ ˀʬʹ˄ʨʭʲʰʹ ʹʨʼʻ˃ʭʬʲʮʬ ʳʰʭʰʫʴʬʴ.
ˀʰʴʨ-ʨʸʹʰ: ˂ʭʨʲʬʩʨʫʰ ʹˆʬʻʲʰ ʳʨʸʨʫʰʻʲʰ ʨʸ ʨʸʰʹ. ʯʨʴʨʳʬʫʸʵʭʬ
ʳʬʫʰ˂ʰʴʨ ʨʾʰʨʸʬʩʹ ʰʳ ʼʨʽʺʹ, ʸʵʳ ʹˆʭʨʫʨʹˆʭʨ ʻˇʸʬʫʬʩʰʹ ʽʳʬʫʬʩʰʹʨ ʫʨ
ʻʱʻʽʳʬʫʬʩʰʹ ˀʬʫʬʪʨʫ ʹˆʬʻʲʰ ʿʵʭʬʲ ˄ʨʳʹ ʰ˂ʭʲʬʩʨ – ʰʮʸʫʬʩʨ,
ʩʬʸʫʬʩʨ... ʨʳ ˂ʭʨʲʬʩʨʫʵʩʰʹ ʳʰʾʳʨ ʫʪʨʹ ʹʻʲʰ – ʳʨʹ ʨʸʨʼʬʸʰ ʬˆʬʩʨ, ʨʸ˂
ʳʨʺʬʸʰʰʹ ʼʵʸʳʨ, ʨʸ˂ ˀʰʴʨʨʸʹʰʹ ʪʨʴʭʰʯʨʸʬʩʨ-ʫʨʱʴʰʴʬʩʨ, ʳʰʹ ʳʰʾʳʨ ˆʫʬʩʨ
ʪʨʴʭʰʯʨʸʬʩʰʹ ʱʰʩʬʮʬ ʳʨʺʬʸʰʰʹ ʨʾʳʨ-ʫʨʾʳʨ ʹʭʲʨ. ʨʳ ʫʨʹʱʭʴʨʳʫʬ ʳʰʫʰʹ
˅ʬˀʳʨʸʰʺʬʩʰʹ ˀʬʳ˂ʴʵʩʰ ʫʨ ʳˆʰʲʭʬʲʰ ʿʭʬʲʨ – ʰʳʶʬʸʹʵʴʨʲʰʹʺʰ˂ʨ ʫʨ
ʶʬʸʹʵʴʨʲʰʹʺʰ˂.
“ʭʰˀʴʻ-ʶʻʸʨʴʨˀʰ” (2.12.38) ʫʨʹʨʩʻʯʬʩʻʲʰʨ, ʸʵʳ ʭʰˀʴʻʹʨ ʫʨ ʳʰʹ
ʹʨʭʨʴʬʬʩʹ ʯʭʰʯʳʴʨʯʰ ʹʻʲʰʬʸʰ ʿʵʼʰʬʸʬʩʨ ʨˆʨʹʰʨʯʬʩʹ. ʹʰʺʿʭʬʩʰ:
“ʨʸʹʬʩʻʲʰ” ʫʨ “ʨʸʨʸʹʬʩʻʲʰ” ʳˆʵʲʵʫ ʹʻʲʹʨ ʫʨ ʳʨʺʬʸʰʨʹ ʬˆʬʩʨ.
ʨʹʬʯʰʨ ˅ʬˀʳʨʸʰʺʬʩʰʹ ʸʯʻʲ ˆʭʬʻʲʬʩˀʰ ʾʸʳʨʫ ˁʨˆʬʫʻʲʰ
ʨʭʺʵʸʰʺʬʺʬʩʰʹ ʨʮʸʰ.
ʿʵʭʲʰʹ ʻ˄ʰʴʨʸʬʹ, ʻʼʨʲʳʨ ʻ˄ʿʰʹ ʬʹ ʹʰʳʨʸʯʲʬ ʫʨ ʨʳʰʹ ʨˆʹʴʰʯ ʰ˄ʿʬʩʹ
ʰʳʨʯ ʫʨʳʵ˃ʾʭʸʨʹ, ʸʵʳʲʬʩʹʨ˂ ʻʳʬ˂ʸʬʩʰʹ ʲʰʩʸʰ ʪʨʫʨˈʱʭʸʰʨʯ ʪʵʴʬʩʰʹ
ʯʭʨʲʮʬ. ʯʻ ʻʼʨʲʰ ʹ˄ʵʸ ʳˆʬʫʭʬʲʵʩʨʹ ʫʨʻʩʸʻʴʬʩʹ ʳʵ˄ʨʼʬʹ, ʰ˄ʿʬʩʹ
ʯʨʿʭʨʴʰʹ˂ʬʳʨʹʨ ʫʨ ʹʨʯʨʿʭʨʴʬʩʬʹ ˀʵʸʰʹ ʳʨʸʨʫʰʻʲʰ ʻʸʯʰʬʸʯʵʩʰʹ
ʨʾʫʪʬʴʨʹ. ʳˆʵʲʵʫ ʨʽʬʫʨʴ ʰʾʬʩʹ ʹʨʯʨʭʬʹ ʪʨʴʻʿʵʼʬʲ ʴʨ˄ʰʲʨʱʬʩʹ,
˂ʵ˂ˆʨʲ ʨʸʹʬʩʬʩʹʨ ʫʨ ʻʮʬʴʨʬʹ ʾʳʸʯʨʬʩʸʰʭ ʶʰʸʵʭʴʬʩʨʹ ˀʵʸʰʹ ʨʸʹʬʩʻʲʰ

16

Tavi meore – gitas mokle Sinaarsi

ʪʨʴʹˆʭʨʭʬʩʰʹ ʪʨʪʬʩʰʹ ʻʴʨʸʰ. ʻʮʬʴʨʬʹʰʹ ˄ʭʫʵʳʨʹ ʻʴʫʨ ʻ˃ʾʵʫʬʹ
ʹʨʱʻʯʨʸʰ ʯʨʭʰʹ ˀʬ˂ʴʵʩʨ. ʸʵʪʵʸ˂ ʱʰ ʨʫʨʳʰʨʴʰ ʳʰˆʭʫʬʩʨ ʪʨʴʹˆʭʨʭʬʩʨʹ
ʹʨʱʻʯʨʸ ʯʨʭʹʨ ʫʨ ʻʼʨʲʹ ˀʵʸʰʹ, ʳʰʹʯʭʰʹ ʴʨʯʬʲʰ ʪʨˆʫʬʩʨ ʴʨ˄ʰʲʰʹʨ ʫʨ
ʳʯʬʲʰʹ ʻʸʯʰʬʸʵʩʰʹ ʨʸʹʰ.
“ʭʬʫʨʴʺʨ-ʹʻʺʸʬʩˀʰ”, ʸʵʪʵʸ˂ “ˀʸʰʳʨʫ-ʩˈʨʪʨʭʨʺʨʳˀʰ˂” ʻʮʬʴʨʬʹʰ
ʿʵʭʬʲʰʭʬʹ ʬʸʯʨʫʬʸʯ ˀʬʳʵʽʳʬʫʨʫ ʨʸʰʹ ʨʾʰʨʸʬʩʻʲʰ. ʳʰʹʪʨʴ ˀʬʴʨʽʳʴʰ
ʲʨʪʫʬʩʨ ʻʳʨʾʲʬʹʰ ʫʨ ʻʳʫʨʩʲʬʹʰ ʩʻʴʬʩʰʹ ʳʽʵʴʬʯʨ
ʯʨʴʳʰʳʫʬʭʸʵʩʬʩʨʫ. ˂ʵ˂ˆʨʲʰ ʨʸʹʬʩʬʩʰ ʻʳʫʨʩʲʬʹʰ ʩʻʴʬʩʰʯ
ˆʨʹʰʨʯʫʬʩʰʨʴ (ʬʹ ʴʨʯʲʨʫ ʰʽʴʬʩʨ ˄ʨʸʳʵʫʪʬʴʰʲʰ ʳʬˀʭʰʫʬ ʯʨʭˀʰ), ʯʻʳ˂ʨ
ʳʨʯʰ ˀʬʽʳʴʰʹ ʬʴʬʸʪʰʨʹʨ ʫʨ ˀʬʳʵʽʳʬʫʰʹ, ʨʴʻ ʬʴʬʸʪʰʰʹ ˄ʿʨʸʵʹ ˀʵʸʰʹ ʨʸ
ʨʸʹʬʩʵʩʹ ʪʨʴʹˆʭʨʭʬʩʨ.(?) ʬʴʬʸʪʰʰʹ ˄ʿʨʸʵʫ ʳʨʰʴ˂ ʻʮʬʴʨʬʹʰʨ ʳʰˁʴʬʻʲʰ,
ʬʴʬʸʪʰʨ, ʨʴʻ ʩʻʴʬʩʨ, ʳʨʹʮʬ ʫʨʽʭʬʳʫʬʩʨʸʬʩʻʲʰ. ˂ʵ˂ˆʨʲʰ ʨʸʹʬʩʬʩʰ
ʻʼʲʰʹ ʳʨʸʨʫʰ ʪʨʴʳʪʬʩʲʵʩʰʹ ʽʭʬˀ ʨʸʰʨʴ, ʸʵʪʵʸ˂ ʳʹʨˆʻʸʴʰ ʩʨʺʵʴʯʨʴ,
ʨʴ ʳʵʹ˄ʨʭʲʬ ʳʨʹ˄ʨʭʲʬʩʬʲʯʨʴ.
ʴʨʯʬʲʰ ʫʨ ʪʨʳ˅ʭʰʸʭʨʲʬʨ ʬʹ ˂ʵʫʴʨ, ʳʨʪʸʨʳ ʳʰʹʰ ʪʨʪʬʩʨ ʳʨʰʴ˂ ʨʸ
˃ʨʲʻ˃ʹ ʱʨ˂ʹ, ʭʰʫʸʬ ʰʪʰ ʻʳʬ˂ʸʬʩʰʹ ʩʴʬʲʰʯ ʨʸʰʹ ʳʵˇʨʫʵʭʬʩʻʲʰ.
ʨʳʪʭʨʸʰ ʭʨʬʩʰʹʨʪʨʴ ʯʨʭʫʨˆʹʴʰʹ ʪʮʬʩʹ ʱʰ “ʩˈʨʪʨʭʨʫ-ʪʰʺʨ” ʪʭʨʹ˄ʨʭʲʰʹ,
ʸʨʯʨ ʿʭʬʲʨ ʫʸʵʰʹ ʿʵʭʬʲʰ ˂ʵ˂ˆʨʲʰ ʨʸʹʬʩʰʹ ʪʵʴʬʩʨ ʾʭʯʰʻʸʰ ˀʻʽʰʯ
ʪʨʨʴʨʯʵʹ.
17) ʪʨˆʹʵʭʫʬʹ – ʸʨ˂ ʳʯʬʲ ʹʨʳʿʨʸʵʹ ʪʨʳʹ˅ʭʨʲʨʭʹ ʫʨ ʪʨʴʬʼʰʴʬʩʨ,
ʫʨʻʸʾʭʬʭʬʲʰʨ; ʨʸʨʭʰʹ ˃ʨʲʻ˃ʹ ʨʳ ʻˆʸ˄ʴʨʫʰ ʹʻʲʰʹ ˀʬʳʻʹʭʸʨ.
ˀʰʴʨ-ʨʸʹʰ: ʨʳ ʲʬʽʹˀʰ ʴʨʯʲʨʫʨʨ ʨˆʹʴʰʲʰ ʹʻʲʰʹ ˅ʬˀʳʨʸʰʺʰ ʩʻʴʬʩʨ,
ʸʵʳʲʰʹ ʪʨʭʲʬʴʨ˂ ʳʯʬʲ ʹˆʬʻʲʮʬ ʭʸ˂ʬʲʫʬʩʨ ˂ʴʵʩʰʬʸʬʩʰʹ ʪʮʰʯ.
ʿʭʬʲʨʹ ˀʬʻ˃ʲʰʨ, ʪʨʨ˂ʴʵʩʰʬʸʵʹ ʹʨʱʻʯʨʸʰ ʹˆʬʻʲʰʹ ʨʴ ʳʰʹʰ ʸʵʳʬʲʰʳʬ
ʴʨ˄ʰʲʰʹ ʺʱʰʭʰʲʰ ʯʻ ʹʰʨʳʵʭʴʬʩʨ. ʬʸʯ ʨʫʨʳʰʨʴʹ ˂ʴʵʩʰʬʸʬʩʨ ʳˆʵʲʵʫ
ʬʸʯ, ʳʰʹʹʨʭʬ ʹˆʬʻʲʹ ʳʵʰ˂ʨʭʹ, ʳʰʹʰ ˀʬ˂ʴʵʩʨ-ˀʬʪʸ˃ʴʬʩʰʹ ʪʨʸʬʯ ʸˁʬʩʨ ʹˆʭʨ
ʹˆʬʻʲʰʹ ʺʱʰʭʰʲʰ ʨʴ ʹʰʨʳʵʭʴʬʩʨ. ʨʳʰʺʵʳ ʨʸʰʹ ʿʵʭʬʲʰ ˂ʨʲʱʬʻʲʰ
ʹˆʬʻʲʰ ˆʵʸ˂ˀʬʹˆʳʻʲʰ ʹʻʲʰʹ ʪʨʸʹʰ, ʯʨʭʨʫ ʹʻʲʰ ʱʰ ʰʴʫʰʭʰʫʻʨʲʻʸ
˂ʴʵʩʰʬʸʬʩʨʫ ʪʨʰʪʬʩʨ.
ʨʾ˄ʬʸʰʲʰʨ, ʸʵʳ ʹʻʲʰ ʮʵʳʰʯ ʯʳʰʹ ˄ʭʬʸʰʹ ʬʸʯʰ ʳʬʨʯʰʨʯʨʹʬʫʰʹ
ʺʵʲʰʨ. ʬʹ ʫʨʫʨʹʺʻʸʬʩʻʲʰʨ “ˀʭʬʺʨˀʭʨʺʨʸʨ ʻʶʨʴʰˀʨʫˀʰ” (5.9): “ʯʻ
ʯʳʰʹ ˄ʭʬʸʹ ʪʨʭʿʵʼʯ ʨʹ ʴʨ˄ʰʲʨʫ, ʯʰʯʵʬʻʲ ʳʬʨʹʬʫʹ – ʱʭʲʨʭ ʨʹ ʴʨ˄ʰʲʨʫ
ʫʨʭʨʴʨ˄ʬʭʸʬʩʯ – ʿʵʭʬʲʰ ʴʨ˄ʰʲʰ ʹʻʲʰʹ ʮʵʳʰʹ ʰʽʴʬʩʨ”.
ʰʪʰʭʬ ʰʪʻʲʰʹˆʳʬʩʨ ˀʬʳʫʬʪ ʹʰʺʿʭʬʩˀʰ˂: “ʨʸʹʬʩʵʩʹ ʻʸʰ˂ˆʭʰ ʹʻʲʰʬʸʰ
ʨʺʵʳʰ, ʸʵʳʬʲʯʨ ʮʵʳʨ˂ ʯʳʰʹ ˄ʭʬʸʰʹ ʬʸʯʰ ʳʬʨʯʰʨʯʨʹʬʫʰʹ ʺʵʲʰʨ”.

17

Tavi meore – gitas mokle Sinaarsi

ʨʳʰʺʵʳ ʰʴʫʰʭʰʫʻʨʲʻʸʰ ʹʻʲʰ ʺʸʨʴʹ˂ʬʴʫʬʴʺʻʸʰ ʨʺʵʳʰʨ –
ʳʨʺʬʸʰʨʲʻʸ ʨʺʵʳʮʬ ʳ˂ʰʸʬ ʨʸʹʬʩʵʩʹ ʻʯʭʨʲʨʭʰ ʹʻʲʰʬʸʰ ʨʺʵʳʰ –
ʻʶʨʺʨʸʨʭʬʹʰ ʹʻʲʰʬʸʰ ʴʨʶʬʸ˄ʱʨʲʰ, ʸʵʳʬʲʰ˂ ˆʵʸ˂ʰʬʲʰ ʹˆʬʻʲʰʹ
ʹʨʼʻ˃ʭʬʲʰʨ ʫʨ ʳʰʹʰ ʪʨʭʲʬʴʨ ʳʯʬʲ ʹˆʬʻʲʮʬ ʭʸ˂ʬʲʫʬʩʨ, ʰʹʬʭʬ,
ʸʵʪʵʸ˂ ˄ʨʳʲʰʹ ʬʸʯʰ ʨʩʰ ʹˆʬʻʲʰʹ ʿʭʬʲʨ ʴʨ˄ʰʲʮʬ ʳʵʽʳʬʫʬʩʹ. ʹˆʬʻʲˀʰ
ʹʻʲʰʹ ʨʹʬʯʰ ʳʰʳʵʽ˂ʬʭʨ, ʳʰʹʰ ʳʿʵʼʵʩʨ ʹˆʬʻʲˀʰ ʨʾʰʽʳʬʩʨ ˂ʴʵʩʰʬʸʬʩʰʯ.
ʴʬʩʰʹʳʰʬʸ ʳʵʱʭʫʨʭʹ ʬʹʳʰʹ, ʸʵʳ ˂ʴʵʩʰʬʸʬʩʨʹ ʳʵʱʲʬʩʻʲʰ ʳʨʺʬʸʰʨʲʻʸʰ
ʹˆʬʻʲʰ ʳʱʭʫʨʸʰʨ, ˂ʴʵʩʰʬʸʬʩʰʹ ʪʨ˂ʵ˂ˆʲʬʩʨ ʳʱʭʫʨʸ ʹˆʬʻʲˀʰ ʸʨʰʳʬ
ʱʵʴʱʸʬʺʻʲʰ ʳʱʻʸʴʨʲʵʩʰʯ ˀʬʻ˃ʲʬʩʬʲʰʨ. ʨʳʰʺʵʳ ˂ʴʵʩʰʬʸʬʩʰʹ
ʹʨʼʻ˃ʭʬʲʯʨ-ʹʨʼʻ˃ʭʬʲʹ ˄ʨʸʳʵʨʫʪʬʴʹ ʨʸʨ ʸʨʰʳʬ ʳʨʺʬʸʰʨʲʻʸ
ʴʰʭʯʰʬʸʬʩʨʯʨ ʬʸʯʵʩʨ, ʨʸʨʳʬʫ ʹʻʲʰ.
“ʳʻʴʫʨʱʨ ʻʶʨʴʰˀʨʫˀʰ” (3.1.9) ʻʼʸʵ ʫʨ˄ʭʸʰʲʬʩʰʯ ʨʸʰʹ ʨʾ˄ʬʸʰʲʰ
ʨʺʵʳʻʸʰ ʹʻʲʰʹ ʮʵʳʬʩʰ:
“ʹʻʲʹ ʨʺʵʳʰʹʨʯʭʰʹ ʫʨʳʨˆʨʹʰʨʯʬʩʬʲʰ ʮʵʳʬʩʰ ʨʽʭʹ ʫʨ ʳʰʹʰ ʨʾʽʳʨ
ˀʬʰ˃ʲʬʩʨ ʹʸʻʲʽʳʴʰʲʰ ʪʵʴʬʩʰʯ. ʬʹ ʹʻʲʰ ʲʰʭʲʰʭʬʩʹ ˆʻʯʰ ʹʨˆʰʹ ʨʰʸˀʰ
(ʶʸʨʴʨ, ʨʶʨʴʨ, ʭʰʨʴʨ, ʹʨʳʨʴʨ ʫʨ ʻʫʨʴʨ), ʰʳʿʵʼʬʩʨ ʪʻʲˀʰ ʫʨ ʳʰʹʰ ʪʨʭʲʬʴʨ
ˆʵʸ˂ˀʬʹˆʳʻʲ ˂ʵ˂ˆʨʲ ʨʸʹʬʩʨʯʨ ʳʯʬʲ ʹˆʬʻʲʮʬ ʭʸ˂ʬʲʫʬʩʨ. ʸʵʫʬʹʨ˂
ʹʻʲʰ ʨʾʴʰˀʴʻʲʰ ˆʻʯʰ ʹʨˆʰʹ ʳʨʺʬʸʰʨʲʻʸʰ ʨʰʸʰʹʨʪʨʴ ʫʨʰ˄ʳʰʴʫʬʩʨ,
ʭʲʰʴʫʬʩʨ ʳʰʹʰ ʹʻʲʰʬʸʰ ʮʬʪʨʭʲʬʴʨ.”
ˈʨʯˈʨ-ʰʵʪʨʹ ʹʰʹʺʬʳʰʹ ʫʨʴʰˀʴʻʲʬʩʨʨ ʹˆʭʨʫʨʹˆʭʨ ʹʨˆʰʹ ˇʫʵʳʰʯʰ
ʶʵʮʬʩʰʹ ʹʨˀʻʨʲʬʩʰʯ ˄ʳʰʴʫʨ ʹʻʲʰʹ ʪʨʸʬʳʵʳ˂ʭʬʲʰ ˆʻʯʰ ʹʨˆʰʹ ʨʰʸʰʹ
ʳʨʸʯʭʨ ʨʸʨ ʸʨʰʳʬ ʳʰ˄ʰʬʸʰ ʹʨʸʪʬʩʲʰʹ ʳʰʮʴʰʯ, ʨʸʨʳʬʫ ʰʳʰʹʨʯʭʰʹ, ʸʵʳ
ʳʨʯʰ ʺʿʭʬ ʹʻʲʰ ʪʨʯʨʭʰʹʻʼʲʫʬʹ.
ʨʳʸʰʪʨʫ, ʨʺʵʳʻʸʰ ʹʻʲʰʹ ʨʹʬʯʰ ʨʾʴʨʪʵʩʨ ʳʯʬʲ ʭʬʫʻʸ
ʲʰʺʬʸʨʺʻʸʨˀʰʨ ʫʨʫʨʹʺʻʸʬʩʻʲʰ ʫʨ ʴʬʩʰʹʳʰʬʸ ʹʨʾʨʫ ʳʵʨʮʸʵʭʴʬ
ʨʫʨʳʰʨʴʹ ʳʰʹʰ ʶʸʨʽʺʰʱʻʲʨʫ ˀʬ˂ʴʵʩʨ˂ ˀʬʻ˃ʲʰʨ. ʳˆʵʲʵʫ ˀʬˀʲʰʲʳʨ
ˀʬʰ˃ʲʬʩʨ ʰʼʰʽʸʵʹ, ʸʵʳ ʬʹ ʹʻʲʰ, ʨʺʵʳʰʹʵʫʬʴʨʫ ˄ʨʸʳʵʫʪʬʴʰʲʰ,
ʿʵʭʲʰʹʪʨʳ˅ʵʲʰ ʭʰˀʴʻ-ʺʨʺʭʨʨ.
ʨʺʵʳʻʸʰ ʹʻʲʰʹ ʪʨʭʲʬʴʨ ʬʸʯ ʹˆʬʻʲʹ ʳʵʰ˂ʨʭʹ – “ʳʻʴʫʨʱʨ
ʻʶʨʴʰˀʨʫʰʹ” ʯʨʴʨˆʳʨʫ, ʰʪʰ ʿʵʭʬʲʰ ˂ʵ˂ˆʨʲʰ ʨʸʹʬʩʰʹ ʪʻʲˀʰ ʰʳʿʵʼʬʩʨ
ʫʨ ʸʨʱʰ ʳʰʹʰ ʮʵʳʬʩʰʹ ʪʨʪʬʩʨ ʳʨʺʬʸʰʨʲʻʸʰ ʳʬ˂ʴʰʬʸʬʩʰʹ
ˀʬʹʨ˃ʲʬʩʲʵʩʬʩʹ ʨʾʬʳʨʺʬʩʨ, ʮʵʪʰʬʸʯʰ ʭʨʰ-ʳʵʨʮʸʵʭʴʬ ʹʻʲʬʲʻʸʨʫ
ʨʳʺʱʰ˂ʬʩʹ, ʸʵʳ ʹʻʲʰ ʨʸ ʨʸʹʬʩʵʩʹ. ʻʫʨʭʵʨ, ʸʵʳ ʰʴʫʰʭʰʫʻʨʲʻʸʰ
ʨʺʵʳʻʸʰ ʹʻʲʰ ˂ʵ˂ˆʨʲʰ ʨʸʹʬʩʰʹ ʪʻʲˀʰ ʹʻʼʬʭʹ ʮʬʹʻʲʯʨʴ ʬʸʯʨʫ,
ʨʳʰʺʵʳ˂ ʹˆʬʻʲʰʹ ˃ʭʸʰʹ ʳʯʬʲʰ ʬʴʬʸʪʰʬʩʰ ʪʻʲʰʫʨʴ ʰʾʬʩʹ ʹʨʯʨʭʬʹ.
ʴʨ˄ʰʲʨʱʬʩʰ, ʸʵʳʬʲʯʨ˂ ʼʰʲʺʭʬʩʰʫʨʴ ʷʨʴʪʩʨʫʰ ʹʰʹˆʲˀʰ ʪʨʫʨʨʽʭʯ,
ʬʴʬʸʪʰʨʹ ʹʻʲʰʹʨʪʨʴ ʰ˃ʬʴʬʴ. ʸʵʫʬʹʨ˂ ʬʹ ʻʱʨʴʨʹʱʴʬʲʰ ʺʵʭʬʩʹ ʹˆʬʻʲʹ,
ʹʰʹˆʲʰʹ ʳʩʨʫʰ ʹʰʹʺʬʳʨ˂ ˄ʿʭʬʺʹ ʳʻˀʨʵʩʨʹ.

18

Tavi meore – gitas mokle Sinaarsi

ʹʨʳʬʫʰ˂ʰʴʵ ʳʬ˂ʴʰʬʸʬʩʨ ʨʾʰʨʸʬʩʹ ˄ʰʯʬʲʰ ʹˆʬʻʲʨʱʬʩʰʹ ʳʴʰˀʭʴʬʲʵʩʨʹ,
ʳʨʪʸʨʳ ʨʸ ˀʬʻ˃ʲʰʨ ʰʳʰʹ ʫʨʫʪʬʴʨ, ʸʵʳ ʿʵʭʬʲʰʭʬ ʨʳʰʹʨʯʭʰʹ ʹʨ˅ʰʸʵ
ʬʴʬʸʪʰʰʹ ˄ʿʨʸʵʹ ʹʻʲʰ ˄ʨʸʳʵʨʫʪʬʴʹ. ʳʨʪʸʨʳ ʳʬʫʰ˂ʰʴʨ ʳʨʰʴ˂ ʭʬʸ
ʻʨʸʿʵʼʹ, ʸʵʳ ʪʻʲʰ ʨʸʰʹ ʹˆʬʻʲʰʹ ʬʴʬʸʪʰʨʯʨ ʳˀʵʩʬʲʰ.
ʹʻʲʰʬʸʰ ʳʯʬʲʰʹ ʬʹ ʨʺʵʳʻʸʰ ʴʨ˄ʰʲʨʱʬʩʰ ʳʮʰʹ ʹˆʰʭʰʭʰʯ ʱʨˀʱʨˀʨ
ʻʯʭʨʲʨʭ ʳʵʲʬʱʻʲʨʹ ˈʪʭʨʴʨʴ – ʻʮʬʴʨʬʹʰ ʻʼʲʰʹ, ʸʵʪʵʸ˂ ʬʸʯʰ
ʪʨʴʻʿʵʼʬʲʰ ʳʯʬʲʰʹ, ʴʨ˄ʰʲʨʱʬʩʰ ʳʰʹʰʭʬ ʹˆʰʭʬʩʰʹ ʨʺʵʳʰʹʵʫʬʴʰ
ʴʨʶʬʸ˄ʱʲʬʩʰʨ, ʸʵʳʲʬʩʰ˂ ʬʸʯʵʩʲʰʭʨʫ ˄ʨʸʳʵˀʵʩʬʴ ʶʸʨʩˈʨʹ, ʨʴʻ
ʻʳʨʾʲʬʹ ʬʴʬʸʪʰʨʹ.
ʨʳʸʰʪʨʫ ʭʬʫʻʸʰ ˂ʵʫʴʰʯ ʪʵʴʬʩʨʪʨʴʨʯʬʩʻʲʰ ʰʽʴʬʩʨ ʯʻ ʯʨʴʨʳʬʫʸʵʭʬ
ʳʬ˂ʴʰʬʸʬʩʨʯʨ ʳʰʳʫʬʭʨʸʰ – ʭʬʸʨʭʰʴ ʻʨʸʿʵʼʹ ʹˆʬʻʲˀʰ ʹʻʲʰʹ ʨʸʹʬʩʵʩʨʹ.
“ʩˈʨʪʨʭʨʫ-ʪʰʺʨˀʰ” ʾʳʸʯʨʬʩʸʰʭʰ ʶʰʸʵʭʴʬʩʨ ʱʸʰˀʴʨ ʫʨ˄ʭʸʰʲʬʩʰʯ
ʪʨʴʳʨʸʺʨʭʹ ʹ˄ʨʭʲʬʩʨʹ ʹʻʲʰʹ ˀʬʹʨˆʬʩ.
18) ʻˆʸ˄ʴʨʫʰ, ʮʾʭʨʸʫʨʻʫʬʩʬʲʰ ʫʨ ʳʨʸʨʫʰʻʲʰʨ ˂ʵ˂ˆʨʲʰ ʨʸʹʬʩʰʹ
ʹʻʲʰ, ˆʵʲʵ ʳʰʹʰ ʴʰʭʯʰʬʸʰ ʪʨʸʹʰ – ʹˆʬʻʲʰ ʪʨʸʫʻʭʨʲʰ ʹʰʱʭʫʰʲʰʹ
˄ʬʸʨʨ. ʨʳʰʺʵʳ ˀʬʳʨʸʯʬ ʳʨˆʭʰʲʰ, ʩˈʨʸʨʺʨʹ ˀʯʨʳʵʳʨʭʨʲʵ!
ˀʰʴʨ-ʨʸʹʰ: ʳʨʺʬʸʰʨʲʻʸʰ ʹˆʬʻʲʰ ʳʵʱʭʫʨʭʰʨ, ʰʪʰ ˀʬʰ˃ʲʬʩʨ ʫʨʰʾʻʶʵʹ
ʨˆʲʨʭʬ ʨʴ ʨʹʰ ˄ʲʰʹ ˀʬʳʫʬʪ, ʪʨʨˁʴʰʨ, ʸʨ ʫʸʵʹ ˄ʨʳʵʬ˄ʬʭʨ ʹʰʱʭʫʰʲʰ. ʳʰʹ
ʳʨʸʨʫ ˀʬʴʨʸˁʻʴʬʩʨʹ ʭʬʸʨʭʰʴ ˀʬ˃ʲʬʩʹ. ʹˆʬʻʲʰ ˆʰʲʻʲʰʨ ʫʨ ʹʨʼʸʯˆʬ˂
ʳʸʨʭʲʨʫ ʬʳʻʽʸʬʩʨ, ʳʨʪʸʨʳ ʹʻʲʰ ʰʳʫʬʴʨʫ ʳ˂ʰʸʬʨ ʹʨˆʰʲʭʬʲʨʫʨ˂ ʱʰ,
ʸʵʳ ʳʺʬʸʹ ʨʸ ˃ʨʲʻ˃ʹ ʳʰʹʰ ˆʰʲʭʨ, ʳʰʪʴʬʩʨ˂ ʱʰ, ʳʵʱʭʲʨʮʬ ʸʵʳ ʨʸʨʼʬʸʰ
ʭʯʽʭʨʯ. ʸʵʪʵʸ˂ ˄ʰʴʨ ʲʬʽʹˀʰ ʰʯʽʭʨ, ʰʪʰ ʰʳʫʬʴʨʫ ʳ˂ʰʸʬʨ, ʸʵʳ ʳʰʹʰ
ʮʵʳʬʩʰʹ ʳʵʨʮʸʬʩʨ˂ ʱʰ ʨʾʬʳʨʺʬʩʨ ʱʨ˂ʯʨ ʪʵʴʬʩʰʹ ˀʬʹʨ˃ʲʬʩʲʵʩʨʹ.
ʿʵʭʬʲʰʭʬ ʨʳʰʹ ˀʬʳʫʬʪ ʨʸʹʬʩʵʩʹ ʱʰ ʪʲʵʭʰʹ ʳʰʮʬʮʰ ʳʨˀʰʴ, ʸʵ˂ʨ
ʯʻʴʫʨ˂ ʬʸʯʰ ʴʨʳ˂ʬ˂ʨ ʹʻʲʰʹ ʳʽʵʴʬ ˂ʵ˂ˆʨʲʰ ʨʸʹʬʩʨ ʨʸ ʱʭʫʬʩʨ, ʸʨʱʰ
ʳʰʹʰ ʨʳ ʹʻʲʰʹ ʳʵʱʭʲʨ ʨʸ ˀʬʰ˃ʲʬʩʨ. ʨʴ ˀʬʪʭʰ˃ʲʰʨ ʱʰ ʪʨʸʱʭʬʻʲʰ ʫʸʵʰʯ
ʳʨʰʴ˂ ʨʴ ʹʨʳʻʫʨʳʵʫ ʭʰˆʹʴʨʯ ʹʰʱʭʫʰʲʰʹʨʪʨʴ ˁʭʬʴʰ ʳʰ˄ʰʬʸʰ ʫʨ ˆʸ˄ʴʨʫʰ
ʹˆʬʻʲʰ?!
ʻʼʲʰʹ ʹʻʲʰʬʸʰ ʳʯʲʰʨʴʵʩʰʹ ʬʸʯʰ ʻʳ˂ʰʸʬʹʰ ʴʨ˄ʰʲʨʱʰ
ʫʨʳʱʭʰʫʸʬʩʻʲʰʨ ʨʫʨʳʰʨʴˀʰ, ʸʵʳʬʲʰ˂ ʯʨʭʰʹʰ ʹʨʽʳʰʨʴʵʩʰʹ ˀʬʹʨʩʨʳʰʹʨʫ
ʾʬʩʻʲʵʩʹ ʳʨʺʬʸʰʨʲʻʸ ʹˆʬʻʲʹ. ʭʬʫʨʴʺʨ-ʹʻʺʸʬʩˀʰ ˂ʵ˂ˆʨʲʰ ʨʸʹʬʩʨ
ˀʬʫʨʸʬʩʻʲʰʨ ʰʳ ʹʰʴʨʯʲʬʹ, ʸʵʳʬʲʰ˂ ʮʬʪʨʸʫʳʵ ʹˆʰʭʵʹʴʬʩʰʹ
ʪʨʴʻʿʵʼʬʲʰ ʴʨ˄ʰʲʰʨ. ʸʵʪʵʸ˂ ʳʮʰʹ ˀʻʽʰ ʪʨʴʨʶʰʸʵʩʬʩʹ ʹʨʳʿʨʸʵʹ
ʨʸʹʬʩʵʩʨʹ, ʹʻʲʰʹ ʹʰʴʨʯʲʬ˂ ʨʹʬ ʨʹʻʲʫʪʳʻʲʬʩʹ ʳʨʺʬʸʰʨʲʻʸ ʹˆʬʻʲʹ.
ʸʵʪʵʸ˂ ʱʰ ʹʻʲʰ ʺʵʭʬʩʹ ʹˆʬʻʲʹ, ʬʹ ʻʱʨʴʨʹʱʴʬʲʰ˂ ʬʯˆʵʭʬʩʨ
ʹʰ˂ʵ˂ˆʲʬʹ – ʰʸʾʭʬʭʨ ʳʰʹʰ ʴʰʭʯʰʬʸʰ ʨʸʹʬʩʵʩʨ. ʹˆʬʻʲʰ ʹʻʲʰʹ ʪʨʸʬˀʬ,
ʸʵʳʬʲʰ˂ ʳʨʹ ʹʰ˂ʵ˂ˆʲʬʹ ˀʯʨʩʬʸʨʭʹ, ʨʸʨʸʨʵʩʨʨ.

19

Tavi meore – gitas mokle Sinaarsi

ʱʸʰˀʴʨʳ ʻʸˁʰʨ ʨʸˇʻʴʨʹ, ʬʩʸ˃ʵʲʨ ʫʨ ʾʭʯʨʬʩʸʰʭʰ ʸ˄ʳʬʴʨ ʳʹˆʭʬʸʶʲʨʫ
ʨʸ ˀʬʬ˄ʰʸʨ ʳʨʺʬʸʰʨʲʻʸʰ ʹˆʬʻʲʰʹ ʻʶʰʸʭʬʲʬʹʵʩʰʹ ʳʨʾʰʨʸʬʩʬʲʰ
ʯʭʨʲʹʨʮʸʰʹʰʹʨʯʭʰʹ.
19) ˂ʵʫʴʰʹ ʯʭʨʲʰ ʫʨˀʸʬʺʰʨ ʳʨʹ, ʭʰʴ˂ ʯʭʲʰʹ, ʸʵʳ ˂ʵ˂ˆʨʲʰ ʨʸʹʬʩʰʹ
ʳʵʱʭʲʨ ˀʬʰ˃ʲʬʩʨ, ʫʨ ʳʨʹʨ˂, ʭʰʹʨ˂ ˈʪʵʴʰʨ, ʸʵʳ ˂ʵ˂ˆʨʲʰ ʨʸʹʬʩʨ ʱʭʫʬʩʨ.
ʿʭʬʲʨʳ ʻʴʫʨ ʰ˂ʵʫʬʹ – ʹʻʲʰ ʨʸ˂ ʨʸʨʭʰʹ ʱʲʨʭʹ ʫʨ ʨʸ˂ ʯʨʭʨʫ ʳʵʰʱʭʲʰʹ.
ˀʰʴʨ-ʨʸʹʰ: ʸʵʫʬʹʨ˂ ˆʵʸ˂ˀʬʹˆʳʻʲʰ ʨʸʹʬʩʨ ʹʨʹʰʱʭʫʰʲʵ ʰʨʸʨʾʰʯ ʨʸʰʹ
ʪʨʴʪʳʰʸʻʲʰ, ʻʴʫʨ ʭʰ˂ʵʫʬʯ, ʸʵʳ ʬʹ ʹˆʬʻʲʹ ʳʰʨʿʬʴʬʹ ʳ˃ʰʳʬ ˅ʸʰʲʵʩʬʩʰ.
ʹˆʬʻʲˀʰ ʳʿʵʼʰ ˂ʵ˂ˆʨʲʰ ʨʸʹʬʩʨ ʨʸ ʰʾʻʶʬʩʨ, ʸʨʱʰ ʳʰʹʰ ʹʻʲʰ ʰʳʫʬʴʨʫ
ʳ˂ʰʸʬʨ, ʸʵʳ ʸʨʰʳʬ ʹʨʪʵʩʸʰʭʰ ʰʨʸʨʾʰʯ ʳʰʹʰ ʳʵʱʭʲʨ ˀʬʻ˃ʲʬʩʬʲʰʨ, ʰʹ
ˆʬʲˀʬʻˆʬʩʬʲʰ ʸˁʬʩʨ. (ʬʹ ʿʵʭʬʲʰʭʬ ʳʵʳʫʬʭʴʵ ʲʬʽʹʬʩʰʫʨʴ ʻʼʸʵ
ʴʨʯʬʲʰ ʪʨˆʫʬʩʨ). ʳʰʹʰ ʻʱʭʫʨʭʰ ʹʻʲʰʬʸʰ ʩʻʴʬʩʰʹ ʪʨʳʵ ʯʨʭʨʫ ˂ʵ˂ˆʨʲʰ
ʨʸʹʬʩʰʹ ʳʵʱʭʲʨ˂ ʪʨʳʵʸʰ˂ˆʻʲʰʨ – ʱʭʫʬʩʨ ʨʴ ʻʴʫʨ ʳʵʱʭʫʬʹ, ʫʨ ʬʹ
ʪʨʸʫʻʭʨʲʰʨ, ʳˆʵʲʵʫ ʳʰʹʰ ʹˆʬʻʲʰ.
ʬʹ ʹʰʳʨʸʯʲʬ ʹʸʻʲʰʨʫʨ˂ ʨʸ ʳʵʪʭʰ˄ʵʫʬʩʹ ʹˆʬʻʲʰʹ ʪʨʴʻʸˁʬʭʲʨʫ ʫʨ
ʰʵʲʨʫ ʪʨʳʬʺʬʩʰʹʨʱʬʴ. ʭʬʫʻʸʰ ʫʨʴʨ˄ʬʹʰ ʨʹʬʯʰʨ: “ʨʸʨʭʰʹ ʳʰʳʨʸʯ ʰˆʳʨʸʵ
˃ʨʲʨʫʵʩʨ. ʰʹ ʪʨʸʬʳʵʬʩʨ, ʸʵʳ ʴʬʩʰʹʳʰʬʸʰ ˂ʵ˂ˆʨʲʰ ʨʸʹʬʩʨ, ʳʰʹʰ ʹˆʬʻʲʰʹ
ˆʬʲʿʵʼʰʹ ʳʰʻˆʬʫʨʭʨʫ, ʨʸ ʱʭʫʬʩʨ, ʨʸ ʪʭʨ˃ʲʬʭʹ ʴʬʩʨʹ – ʪʨʴʻʹˇʬʲʨʫ ʫʨ
ʪʨʳʬʺʬʩʰʯ ʭˆʵ˂ʵʯ ˂ˆʵʭʬʲʬʩʰ. ʹʨʯʨʴʨʫʵ ʨʻ˂ʰʲʬʩʲʵʩʰʹ ʪʨʸʬˀʬ
ʹˆʬʻʲʰʹ ˆʬʲʿʵʼʨ ʫʨʴʨˀʨʻʲʰʨ, ʫʨ ʨʹʬʯʰ ʫʨʻʴʫʵʩʲʵʩʨ ʨʸʨʳʨʸʺʵ
ʹʨˆʬʲʳ˄ʰʼʵʬʩʸʰʭʰ, ʻʼʲʰʹ ʱʨʴʵʴʰʯʨ˂ ʰʹˇʬʩʨ. ʨʸˇʻʴʨ ʭʨʲʫʬʩʻʲʰ ʰʿʵ
ʳʱʭʲʬʲʵʩʨ ˁʨʬʫʰʴʨ ʸʬʲʰʪʰʻʸʰ ʶʸʰʴ˂ʰʶʬʩʰʹ ʪʨʳʵ ʫʨ ʨʸʨ ʹʨʱʻʯʨʸʰ
ʹʻʸʭʰʲʰʯ.
20) ʹʻʲʰ ʨʸ ʰʩʨʫʬʩʨ ʫʨ ʨʸ ʱʭʫʬʩʨ, ʰʪʰ ʨʸ˂ ˀʵʩʰʲʨ, ʨʸ˂ ʨʳˇʬʸʨʫ
ʰʩʨʫʬʩʨ ʫʨ ʨʸ˂ ʵʫʬʹʳʬ ʫʨʰʩʨʫʬʩʨ. ʨʸˀʵʩʰʲʰ, ʳʨʸʨʫʷʨʳʻʲʰ ʫʨ
ʮʬʶʰʸʭʬʲʰʨ. ʳˆʵʲʵʫ ʳʰʹʰ ʳʰ˄ʰʬʸʰ ʪʨʸʹʰ – ʹˆʬʻʲʰ ʬʳʵʸˁʰʲʬʩʨ
ʹʰʱʭʫʰʲʹʨ ʫʨ ˆʸ˄ʴʨʹ.
ˀʰʴʨ-ʨʸʹʰ: ʻʼʲʰʹ ʹʻʲʰʹ ʨʺʵʳʻʸʰ ʴʨ˄ʰʲʨʱʰ ʯʭʰʹʵʩʸʰʭʨʫ ʻʮʬʴʨʬʹʰʹ,
ʸʵʪʵʸ˂ ʳʯʬʲʰʹ, ʺʵʲʰʨ. ʰʪʰ ʨʸ ʬʳʵʸˁʰʲʬʩʨ ʹˆʬʻʲʰʹʨʯʭʰʹ
ʴʰˀʨʴʫʵʩʲʰʭ ˂ʭʲʰʲʬʩʬʩʹ. ʮʵʪˇʬʸ ʹʻʲʹ ʻ˄ʵʫʬʩʬʴ ʱʻʺʨ-ʹʯˈʨʹ, ʨʴʻ
ʻʸʿʬʭʹ.
ʹˆʬʻʲʰ ʪʨʸʫʨʽʳʴʰʹ ʬʽʭʹ ʹʨʼʬˆʻʸʹ ʪʨʫʰʹ – ʰʩʨʫʬʩʨ ʫʬʫʰʹ ˄ʰʨʾʰʫʨʴ,
ʰ˄ʿʬʩʹ ʮʸʫʨʹ, ʫʨʱʨ˂ʫʬʩʨ, ʳʵʽʳʬʫʬʩʹ ʪʨʸʱʭʬʻʲʰ ˀʬʫʬʪʬʩʰʹ ʳʰʹʨʾ˄ʬʭʨʫ,
ʯʨʴʫʨʯʨʴʵʩʰʯ ʪʨʴʰʲʬʭʨ ʳʰʹʰ ʹʨʹʰ˂ʵ˂ˆʲʵ ˃ʨʲʬʩʰ ʫʨ ʹʨʩʵʲʵʵʫ
ʫʨʭʰ˄ʿʬʩʰʹ ˄ʿʭʫʰʨʫʹ ʳʰʬ˂ʬʳʨ. ʹʻʲʰ ʿʵʭʬʲʰ ʨʳ ʹʨʼʬˆʻʸʬʩʸʰʭʰ
˂ʭʲʰʲʬʩʰʹ ʳʰʾʳʨʨ – ʰʪʰ ʨʸ˂ ʰʩʨʫʬʩʨ, ʨʸ˂ ʰʮʸʫʬʩʨ ʫʨ ʨ.ˀ. ʰʪʰ ʳˆʵʲʵʫ

20

Tavi meore – gitas mokle Sinaarsi

ʳʨʺʬʸʰʨʲʻʸ ʹˆʬʻʲʹ ˀʬʳʵʰʪʨʸʹʨʭʹ. ʨʴʻ ʹʻʲʰ ʨʸ˂ ʰˀʵʩʨ ʫʨ ʨʸ˂ ʱʭʫʬʩʨ
ʹˆʬʻʲˀʰ, ʨʸʨʳʬʫ ʹʻʲʰ ʰ˄ʭʬʭʹ ʹˆʬʻʲʰʹ ʫʨʩʨʫʬʩʨʹʨ ʫʨ ʨʾʹʸʻʲʬʩʨʹ.
ʸʨ˂ ʰʩʨʫʬʩʨ, ʱʭʫʬʩʨ ʱʰʫʬ˂, ʳʨʪʸʨʳ ʸʨʱʰ ʹʻʲʰ ʨʸˀʵʩʰʲʰʨ, ʨʸ˂ ˄ʨʸʹʻʲʰ,
ʨʸ˂ ʨ˄ʳʿʵ ʫʨ ʨʸ˂ ʳʵʳʨʭʨʲʰ ʪʨʨˁʴʰʨ – ʰʪʰ ʳʨʸʨʫʳʿʵʼʰʨ, ʫʨʻʩʵʲʵʬʩʬʲʰ
ʨʸʹʬʩʵʩʰʹ ʳʽʵʴʬ ʫʨ ʯʨʭʫʨʶʰʸʭʬʲʰ. ˄ʨʸʹʻʲˀʰ ʭʬʸ ʳʰʭʨʪʴʬʩʯ ʳʰʹʰ
ʫʨʩʨʫʬʩʰʹ ʱʭʨʲʹ, ʨʸ˂ ʨˆʲʨʴʫʬʲ ʫʨ ʨʸ˂ ʳʵʳʨʭʨʲ ʫʸʵʹ ʫʨʨˁʴʫʬʩʨ ʳʰʹʰ
ʳʨʺʬʸʰʨʲʻʸʰ ʸʨʳ ʴʰˀʨʴʰ. ʬʹ ʹˆʬʻʲʰʹ ʳʰʬʸ ˀʬʽʳʴʰʲʰ ˀʯʨʩʬ˅ʫʰʲʬʩʰʹ
ʪʨʳʵ ʭʬ˃ʬʩʯ ʹʻʲʰʹ ʫʨʩʨʫʬʩʰʹ ʯʨʸʰʾʹ ʫʨ ʨ.ˀ.
ʹˆʬʻʲʰʹʨʪʨʴ ʪʨʴʹˆʭʨʭʬʩʰʯ ʹʻʲʰ ʨʸʨʹʵʫʬʹ ʩʬʸʫʬʩʨ, ʨʳʰʺʵʳ
ˆʵʸ˂ʰʬʲʨʫ ʫʨʩʬʸʬʩʻʲʰ ʱʨ˂ʰ ʰʹʬʯʹʨʭʬ ʹʻʲʹ ʼʲʵʩʹ, ʸʵʪʵʸʰ˂
ʩʨʭˀʭʵʩʨˀʰ ʨʴ ʳʵ˄ʰʼʻʲʵʩʨˀʰ ˈʽʵʴʫʨ. ʹʻʲʰ ʸʨʰʳʬ ʹʨʪʴʰʹ ʳʹʪʨʭʹʨʫ ʨʸ
ʰˆʸ˄ʴʬʩʨ. ʰʹ ʳʨʸʺʵʨ – ʬʸʯʰʨ ʫʨ ʨʸ˂ ʯʨʴʨˀʵʩʬʲʴʰ ˈʿʨʭʹ ʫʨ ʨʸ˂
ʪʨʴʺʵʺʬʩʨ ʪʨʨˁʴʰʨ. ʯʨʴʨˀʵʩʰʲʴʰ, ʱʬʸ˃ʵʫ ˀʭʰʲʬʩʰ, ʯʨʭʰʨʴʯ ʳˆʸʰʭ
ʫʨʳʵʻʱʰʫʬʩʬʲʰ ʰʴʫʰʭʰʫʻʨʲʻʸʰ ʹʻʲʬʩʰ ʨʸʰʨʴ, ʹʨʱʻʯʨʸʰ ʹˆʬʻʲʰʹ
ʳʼʲʵʩʬʲʴʰ.
ʹˆʬʻʲʰ ʭʰʯʨʸʫʬʩʨ ʹʻʲʰʹ ʯʨʴʨʳʿʵʼʵʩʰʹ ˄ʿʨʲʵʩʰʯ. ʹˆʬʻʲʰʹʨʯʭʰʹ
ʫʨʳʨˆʨʹʰʨʯʬʩʬʲʰ ʪʨʴʭʰʯʨʸʬʩʰʹ ʬʽʭʹʰ ʹʨˆʰʹ ˂ʭʲʰʲʬʩʨ ʹʻʲʹ ʨʸ ʬˆʬʩʨ.
“ʱʨʯˈʨ ʻʶʨʴʰˀʨʫˀʰ” (1.2.18) ʭˆʭʫʬʩʰʯ ˀʬʳʫʬʪ ʴʨʯʽʭʨʳʹ:
ʨʳ ʲʬʽʹʰʹ ʳʴʰˀʭʴʬʲʵʩʨ ʫʨ ˀʰʴʨʨʸʹʰ ʰʪʰʭʬʨ, ʸʨ˂ “ʩˈʨʪʨʭʨʫ-ʪʰʺʨʹ”
ʲʬʽʹʰʹʨ, ʳʨʪʸʨʳ ʳʨʹˀʰ ʨʸʰʹ ʪʨʴʹʨʱʻʯʸʬʩʻʲʰ ʹʰʺʿʭʨ ʭʰʶʨˀˁʰʺ, ʸʨ˂
ʪʨʴʹ˄ʨʭʲʻʲʹ, ˂ʵʫʴʰʹ ʳʼʲʵʩʬʲʹ ʴʰˀʴʨʭʹ.
ʹʻʲʰ ʳʻʫʨʳ ˂ʵʫʴʰʯ ʨʴ ˂ʴʵʩʰʬʸʬʩʰʯʨʨ ʪʨˇʬʸʬʩʻʲʰ, ʨʳʰʺʵʳ
˂ʴʵʩʰʬʸʬʩʨ ʹʻʲʰʹ ʴʰˀʴʨʫ ʰʯʭʲʬʩʨ. ʯʻ ʹʻʲʹ ʭʬʸ ʳʰʭʨʪʴʬʩʯ ʨʸʹʬʩʰʹ
ʪʻʲˀʰ, ʹʨ˂ʨ ʰʹ ʴʨʳʫʭʰʲʨʫ ʹʻʼʬʭʹ, ʳʨˀʰʴ ʳʰʹʰ ʨʸʹʬʩʵʩʰʹ ˀʬ˂ʴʵʩʨ
˂ʴʵʩʰʬʸʬʩʰʹ ʹʨʼʻ˃ʭʬʲʮʬ ˀʬʪʭʰ˃ʲʰʨ. ʮʵʪˇʬʸ ʾʸʻʩʲʬʩʰʹ ʪʨʳʵ ˂ʨʮʬ
ʳʮʬʹ ʭʬʸ ʭˆʬʫʨʭʯ, ʳʨʪʸʨʳ ʳʰʹʰ ˀʻʽʰʹ ʪʨʳʵ ʳʰʹ ʨʽ ʨʸʹʬʩʵʩʨˀʰ ʬ˅ʭʰ ʨʸ
ʪʭʬʶʨʸʬʩʨ. ʸʵʪʵʸ˂ ʱʰ ʨʲʰʵʴʮʬ ˂ʨʹ ʵʫʴʨʭʰ ʴʨʯʬʲʰ ʪʨʫʨˈʱʸʨʭʹ,
ʭˆʭʫʬʩʰʯ, ʸʵʳ ʳʮʬ ʨʳʵʫʰʹ.
ʹ˄ʵʸʬʫ ʨʹʬʭʬ – ʸʨʱʰ ʿʭʬʲʨ ʹˆʬʻʲʹ, ʰʽʴʬʩʨ ʰʹ ʨʫʨʳʰʨʴʰʹ ʯʻ ˂ˆʵʭʬʲʰʹ,
ʸʨʾʨ˂ ˂ʴʵʩʰʬʸʬʩʨ ʪʨʨˁʴʰʨ, ʭˆʭʫʬʩʰʯ, ʸʵʳ ʳʨʹˀʰ ʹʻʲʰʨ ʫʨʭʨʴʬʩʻʲʰ.
ʳʨʪʸʨʳ ʹʻʲʰʹ ʬʹ ˂ʴʵʩʰʬʸʬʩʨ ʪʨʴʹˆʭʨʭʫʬʩʨ ʻʮʬʴʨʬʹʰʹ ˂ʴʵʩʰʬʸʬʩʰʹʨʪʨʴ,
ʸʨʱʰ ʨʳ ʻʱʨʴʨʹʱʴʬʲʳʨ ʿʭʬʲʨʼʬʸʰ ʳʿʨʸʨʫ ʰ˂ʰʹ – ˄ʨʸʹʻʲʰ˂, ʨ˄ʳʿʵ˂ ʫʨ
ʳʵʳʨʭʨʲʰ˂. ʰʴʫʰʭʰʫʻʨʲʻʸ ʹʻʲʹ ʱʰ ʪʻʲʳʨʭʰ˄ʿʵʩʨ ʨˆʨʹʰʨʯʬʩʹ. ʸʵ˂ʨ
ʰʪʰ ʹʨʱʻʯʨʸ ˅ʬˀʳʨʸʰʺ ʩʻʴʬʩʨʹ ʰʭʰ˄ʿʬʩʹ, ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ ʳʵʻˁʸʫʰʲʬʩʬʲʰ
ʴʨʯʬʲʰ ʨʿʬʴʬʩʹ ʹ˄ʵʸ ʪʮʨʮʬ.
ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ ʨʸ ˀʬʰ˃ʲʬʩʨ ˀʬʭʱʨʫʸʵʯ, ʸʵʳ ʰʹʰ˂ ʹˆʭʨ ʹʻʲʫʪʳʻʲʬʩʰʭʰʯ
ʪʻʲʳʨʭʰ˄ʿʰʨ. ʬʹ ʸʵʳ ʨʹʬ ʰʿʵʹ, ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ ʳʵ˃ʾʭʸʬʩʨʹ – “ʩˈʨʪʨʭʨʫ-ʪʰʺʨʹ” ʸʨ
ʾʰʸʬʩʻʲʬʩʨ ʬʽʴʬʩʵʫʨ?!

21

Tavi meore – gitas mokle Sinaarsi

ʨʸʹʬʩʵʩʹ ʵʸʴʨʰʸʰ ʹʻʲʰ – ʻʳ˂ʰʸʬʹʰ ʴʨ˄ʰʲʵʩʸʰʭʰ ʹʻʲʰ (ʨʺʳʨ) ʫʨ
ʮʬʹʻʲʰ (ʭʰʩˈʻ-ʨʺʳʨ). ʬʹʨ˂ ʫʨʫʨʹʺʻʸʬʩʻʲʰʨ “ʱʨʯˈʨ-ʻʶʨʴʰˀʨʫˀʰ”
(1.2.20):(˂ʰʺʨʺʨ)
“ʮʬʹʻʲʰ˂ (ʶʨʸʨʳʨʺʳʨ) ʫʨ ʴʨ˄ʰʲʨʱʵʩʸʰʭʰ ʹʻʲʰ˂ (ˇʰʭʨʺʳʨ) ʬʸʯʰ ʫʨ
ʰʳʨʭʬ ˂ʵ˂ˆʨʲʰ ʨʸʹʬʩʰʹ ʪʻʲˀʰ, ʹʰʳʩʵʲʻʸʨʫ, ʬʸʯʰ ʹˆʬʻʲʰʹ ˆʬʮʬ
ʹˆʬʫʨʴ; ʫʨ ʳˆʵʲʵʫ ʰʹ, ʭʰʴ˂ ʿʵʭʬʲʪʭʨʸʰ ʳʨʺʬʸʰʨʲʻʸʰ ʹʻʸʭʰʲʬʩʰʹʨ
ʫʨ ʪʨʴ˂ʫʬʩʰʹʨʪʨʴ ʯʨʭʰʹʻʼʨʲʰʨ, ʻʮʬʴʨʬʹʰʹ ˄ʿʨʲʵʩʰʯ ʬʮʰʨʸʬʩʨ ʹʻʲʰʹ
ʹʰʫʰʨʫʬʹ”.
ʱʸʰˀʴʨ ʮʬʪʨʸʫʳʵ ʹʻʲʰʨ, ʿʵʭʬʲʰ ʹʻʲʰʹ ʯʨʭ˄ʿʨʸʵ, ʸʵʪʵʸ˂ ʬʹ
ʴʨʯʬʲʰ ʪʨˆʫʬʩʨ ʳʵʳʫʬʭʴʵ ʯʨʭʬʩˀʰ. ʨʸˇʻʴʨ ʴʨ˄ʰʲʵʩʸʰʭʰ ʹʻʲʰʹ,
ʻʼʲʰʹʨ ʸʵʪʵʸ˂ ʬʸʯʰ ʳʯʲʰʨʴʰʹ, ʻʳ˂ʰʸʬʹʰ ʴʨ˄ʰʲʰʨ. ʳʨʹ ʯʨʭʰʹʰ
˅ʬˀʳʨʸʰʺʰ ʩʻʴʬʩʨ ˆʨʴʫʨˆʨʴ ʨʭʰ˄ʿʫʬʩʨ, ʨʳʰʺʵʳ ʰʪʰ ʱʸʰˀʴʨʳ ʨʴ ʳʰʹʳʨ
ʾʰʸʹʬʻʲʳʨ ʳʵ˂ʰʽʻʲʳʨ – ʹʻʲʰʬʸʳʨ ʳʨʹ˄ʨʭʲʬʩʬʲʳʨ ʻʴʫʨ ʫʨʳʵ˃ʾʭʸʵʹ
ʫʨ ʴʨʯʬʲ ʪʮʨʮʬ ʪʨʰʿʭʨʴʵʹ.
21) ʵ, ʶʨʸʯˈʨ, ʸʵʪʵʸ ʻʴʫʨ ʳʵʱʲʨʹ ʭʰʴʳʬ ʨʴ ʭʰʴʳʬʹ ʳʱʭʲʬʲʵʩʰʹ ʳʰʮʬʮʰ
ʪʨˆʫʬʹ ʰʹ, ʭʰʴ˂ ʰ˂ʰʹ, ʸʵʳ ʹʻʲʰ ˀʬʻʳʻʹʭʸʬʲʰ, ʳʨʸʨʫʷʨʳʻʲʰ,
ʨʸˀʵʩʰʲʰ ʫʨ ʻ˂ʭʨʲʬʩʬʲʰʨ?!
ˀʰʴʨ-ʨʸʹʰ: ʨʳʽʭʬʿʴʨʫ ʿʭʬʲʨʼʬʸʹ ʯʨʭʰʹʰ ʫʨʴʰˀʴʻʲʬʩʨ ʨʽʭʹ ʫʨ ʳˆʵʲʵʫ
ʨʫʨʳʰʨʴʳʨ ʰ˂ʰʹ, ʸʨ, ʹʨʫ ʫʨ ʸʵʪʵʸ ʪʨʳʵʰʿʬʴʵʹ. ʯʭʰʯ ˃ʨʲʳʵʳʸʬʵʩʨ˂ ʨʸ
ʪʨˁʬʴʰʲʨ ʫʨʴʰˀʴʻʲʬʩʰʹ ʪʨʸʬˀʬ. ʪʵʴʬʩʨʪʨʳ˅ʸʰʨˆʹ ˀʬʻ˃ʲʰʨ ʳʰʹʰ ʹ˄ʵʸʨʫ
ʪʨʳʵʿʬʴʬʩʨ. ʳʨʪʨʲʰʯʨʫ, ʳʵʹʨʳʨʸʯʲʬ ʳʱʭʲʬʲʹ ʹʰʱʭʫʰʲʹ ʻʹˇʰʹ, ʳʨʪʸʨʳ
ʭʰʴ ʫʨʨʫʨʴʨˀʨʻʲʬʩʹ ʳʨʸʯʲʳʹʨˇʻʲʬʩʰʹ ʨʾʳʹʸʻʲʬʩʬʲʹ
˃ʨʲʳʵʳʸʬʵʩʨˀʰ – ʰʪʰ ˆʵʳ ʹˆʭʰʹ ʳʰʳʨʸʯ ˃ʨʲʨʫʵʩʨʹ ʹʨʳʨʸʯʲʰʹ ʱʨʴʵʴʯʨ
ʳʰˆʬʫʭʰʯ ʰʿʬʴʬʩʹ.
ʱʨ˂ʵʩʸʰʵʩʰʹ ʹʨʳʨʸʯʲʰʹ ˄ʰʪʴˀʰ – “ʳʨʴʻ-ʹʨʳˈʰʺʨˀʰ” ʫʨʫʨʹʺʻʸʬʩʻʲʰʨ
– ʳʱʭʲʬʲʰ ʳʨˀʰʴʭʬ ʻʴʫʨ ʫʨʰʹʨˇʵʹ, ʸʨʯʨ ʳʰʹ ʳʰʬʸ ˁʨʫʬʴʰʲʰ ˂ʵʫʭʰʹ
ʺʭʰʸʯʰ ʳʵʳʫʬʭʴʵ ˂ˆʵʭʸʬʩʨˀʰ ʻʼʸʵ ʨʻʺʨʴʲʨʫ ʳ˃ʰʳʬ ʨʸ ʪʨʳʵʫʪʬʹ.
ʸʵ˂ʨ ʳʬʼʬ ʨʴ ʹʨʳʨʸʯʲʰʹ ʹˆʭʨ ʪʨʴʳʨˁʰʴʬʩʬʲʰ ʹʨˆʸˁʵʩʬʲʨʮʬ ʨʪʮʨʭʴʰʹ
ʳʱʭʲʬʲʹ, ʨʳʰʯ ʰʹ ʹʰʱʬʯʰʹ ʳʹʨˆʻʸʬʩʨʹ ʬ˄ʬʭʨ.
ʨʹʬʭʬ ʨʽʨ˂ – ʱʸʰˀʴʨ ʩʸ˃ʵʲʰʹ ʭʬʲʮʬ ʹʰʹˆʲʰʹʾʭʸʰʹʨ ʫʨ ʱʨ˂ʯʨʱʭʲʰʹ
ʪʨʴʱʨʸʪʻʲʬʩʨʹ ʰ˃ʲʬʭʨ, ʳʨʪʸʨʳ ʻʴʫʨ ʪʨʭʰʪʵʯ, ʸʵʳ ʬʹ ˃ʨʲʳʵʳʸʬʵʩʨ
ʻʳʨʾʲʬʹʰ ʹʨʳʨʸʯʲʰʨʴʵʩʰʹ ʨʾʹʸʻʲʬʩʨʹ ʬʳʹʨˆʻʸʬʩʨ ʫʨ ʨʸʨ
ʫʨʴʨˀʨʻʲʬʩʸʰʭ ˃ʨʲʨʫʵʩʨʹ. ʨʸˇʻʴʨʳʨ˂ ʬʹ ʳʰʯʰʯʬʩʨ ʻʴʫʨ ˀʬʨʹʸʻʲʵʹ,
ʸʵʪʵʸ˂ ʻʼʲʰʹ ʹʨʳʨʸʯʲʰʨʴʰ ʴʬʩʨ, ʸʨ˂ ʫʨʼʻ˃ʴʬʩʻʲʰ ʰʽʴʬʩʨ ˀʬʳʫʬʪ
ʸ˄ʳʬʴʨʮʬ – ʨʸ ʨʸʹʬʩʵʩʹ ˀʬʳʯˆʭʬʭʨ, ˄ʻʯʰ, ʨʫʪʰʲʰ, ʹʨʫʨ˂ ˀʬʰ˃ʲʬʩʵʫʬʹ
ʨʫʨʳʰʨʴʰʹ ʹʻʲʰʹ ʳʵʱʭʲʨ.

22

Tavi meore – gitas mokle Sinaarsi

ʨʳʸʰʪʨʫ, ʹʨʳʨʸʯʲʰʹ ʨʾʹʸʻʲʬʩʰʹʨʯʭʰʹ ʬ.˄. ˃ʨʲʳʵʳʸʬʵʩʨ
ʫʨˀʭʬʩʻʲʰʨ. ʽʰʸʻʸʪʰʻʲʰ ʵʶʬʸʨ˂ʰʰʹ ʫʨʴʰˀʴʻʲʬʩʨ ˆʵʳ ʨʸʨ
ʨʭʨʫʳʿʵʼʰʹ ʳʵʱʭʲʨ, ʨʸʨʳʬʫ ʪʨʴʱʻʸʴʬʩʨʨ, ʸʰʹ ʪʨʳʵ˂ ʯʭʰʯ ʨʻʺʨʴʬʲʰ
ʺʱʰʭʰʲʬʩʰ˂ ʪʨʳʨʸʯʲʬʩʻʲʰʨ, ʸʨʹʨ˂ ʬʽʰʳʰ ʨʿʬʴʬʩʹ ʹʴʬʻʲ ʨʫʨʳʰʨʴʹ.
ʩʸ˃ʵʲʨ, ʸʵʳʬʲʰ˂ ʨʸˇʻʴʨʳ ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ ʫʨʸʰʪʬʩʰʹ ʳʰˆʬʫʭʰʯ ʻʴʫʨ
˄ʨʸʳʨʸʯʵʹ, ʹʸʻʲʿʵʼʰʲ ʸʬʲʰʪʰʻʸ ˂ʵʫʴʨʮʬʨ ʫʨʳʿʨʸʬʩʻʲʰ ʫʨ
˂ʵʫʭʬʩʰʯ ʫʨʳ˃ʰʳʬʩʰʹ ʹʨʼʸʯˆʬ˂ ʨʸ ʨˆʲʨʭʹ.
22) ʸʵʪʵʸ˂ ʨʫʨʳʰʨʴʰ ʪʨʴʰ˃ʨʸ˂ʭʨʭʹ ʪʨ˂ʭʬʯʰʲʹ ʫʨ ʨˆʨʲʰ ʺʨʴʹʨ˂ʳʬʲʰʯ
ʰʳʵʹʬʩʨ, ʹʻʲʰ˂ ʨʹʬʭʬ ʻʱʻʨʪʫʬʩʹ ˃ʭʬʲʹʨ ʫʨ ʻʭʨʸʪʰʹʹ ʫʨ ʨˆʨʲ
ʳʨʺʬʸʰʨʲʻʸ ʹˆʬʻʲʹ ˀʬʰʳʵʹʨʭʹ.
ˀʰʴʨ-ʨʸʹʰ: ʨʾʰʨʸʬʩʻʲʰ ʼʨʽʺʰʨ, ʸʵʳ ʨʺʵʳʻʸʰ ʰʴʫʰʭʰʫʻʨʲʻʸʰ ʹʻʲʰ
ʹˆʬʻʲʹ ʰ˂ʭʲʰʹ. ʯʨʴʨʳʬʫʸʵʭʬ ʳʬ˂ʴʰʬʸʬʩʰ˂ ʱʰ, ʸʵʳʬʲʯʨ˂ ʹʻʲʰʹ
ʨʸʹʬʩʵʩʰʹ ʨʸʨ ʹ˄ʨʳʯ ʫʨ ʭʬʸ ʪʨʻʪʰʨʯ, ʸʵʳ ʹʻʲʰʨ ʹʰ˂ʵ˂ˆʲʰʹ
ʳʵʳʴʰ˅ʬʩʬʲʰ ʬʴʬʸʪʰʰʹ ˄ʿʨʸʵ, ʰ˃ʻʲʬʩʻʲʰ ʨʸʰʨʴ, ʨʾʰʨʸʵʴ ʹˆʬʻʲʰʹ
ʪʨʴʻ˄ʿʭʬʺʬʲʰ ˂ʭʲʰʲʬʩʬʩʰ ʩʨʭˀʭʵʩʰʫʨʴ ʿʸʳʵʩʨʳʫʬ, ʿʸʳʵʩʰʫʨʴ
ʹʰ˅ʨʩʻʱʬʳʫʬ ʫʨ ʹʰ˅ʨʩʻʱʰʫʨʴ ʹʰʩʬʸʬʳʫʬ. ʳʵˆʻ˂ʬʩʻʲʵʩʰʹ ˀʬʳʫʪʵʳʰ
˂ʭʰʲʬʩʬʩʰ ʹˆʭʨ ʹˆʬʻʲʮʬ ʪʨʫʨʫʰʹ (ʬʹ ʪʨʴʭʰˆʰʲʬʯ ˄ʰʴʨ ʲʬʽʹˀʰ – 2.13).
ʰʴʫʰʭʰʫʻʨʲʻʸʰ ʹʻʲʰʹ ʪʨʫʨʹʭʲʨ ʬʸʯʰ ʳʰʻʾʬʩʻʲʰ ʹˆʬʻʲʰʫʨʴ
ʨˆʨʲ ʹˆʬʻʲˀʰ, ʮʬʹʻʲʰʹ, ʸʵʪʵʸ˂ ʱʬʯʰʲʪʨʴ˄ʿʵʩʰʲʰ ʳʬʪʵʩʸʰʹ,
˄ʿʨʲʵʩʰʯ ˆʫʬʩʨ.
ʭʬʫʬʩˀʰ, ʱʬʸ˃ʵʫ “ʳʻʴʫʨʱʨ ʻʶʨʴʰˀʨʫʹʨ” ʫʨ “ˀʭʬʺʨˀʭʨʺʨʸʨ
ʻʶʨʴʰˀʨʫˀʰ˂” ʹʻʲʰ ʫʨ ʮʬʹʻʲʰ ˀʬʫʨʸʬʩʻʲʰ ʨʸʰʨʴ ˆʰʹ ʬʸʯ ʺʵʺʮʬ
ʳʹˆʫʵʳ ʵʸ ˁʰʺʹ. ʬʸʯʰ ˁʰʺʰ (ʰʴʫʰʭʰʫʻʨʲʻʸʰ ʨʺʵʳʻʸʰ ʹʻʲʰ) ˆʰʹ
ʴʨʿʵʼʹ ʱʬʴʱʨʭʹ, ʳʬʵʸʬ (ʱʸʰˀʴʨ) ʱʰ ʯʨʭʰʹ ʳʬʪʵʩʨʸʹ ʻʿʻʸʬʩʹ. ʵʸʰʭʬ ˁʰʺʰ
ʯʰʯʽʵʹ ʬʸʯʴʨʰʸʰʨ, ʳʨʪʸʨʳ ʳʨʯʪʨʴ ʬʸʯʰ ʳʰ˄ʰʬʸʰ ʹʰʨʳʵʭʴʬʩʰʹ
ʺʿʭʬʵʩʨˀʰʨ – ʶʰʸʹ ʰʺʱʩʨʸʻʴʬʩʹ ˆʰʲʰʯ, ʳʬʵʸʬ ʱʰ ʿʻʸʨʫʾʬʩʨʹ ʨʸ ʨʽ˂ʬʭʹ
ˆʰʲʰʯ ʫʨˆʻʴ˃ʲʻʲ ʺʵʺʹ ʫʨ ʯʨʭʰʹ ʳʬʰʴʨˆʬʹ ˀʬˈʿʻʸʬʩʹ. ʬʹ
ʻʱʨʴʨʹʱʴʬʲʰ ʱʸʰˀʴʨʨ, ˆʰʲʰʹ ˅ʨʳʰʯ ʪʨʸʯʻʲʰ ʱʰ ʨʸˇʻʴʨ. ʰʹʰʴʰ
ʳʬʪʵʩʸʬʩʰ ʨʸʰʨʴ, ʳʨʪʸʨʳ ʨʸʨ ʯʨʴʨʩʨʸʴʰ – ʬʸʯʰ ʩʨʺʵʴʰʨ, ʳʬʵʸʬ –
ʳʹʨˆʻʸʰ...
ʸʵ˂ʨ ʹʻʲʹ, ʸʵʪʵʸ˂ ʻʮʬʴʨʬʹʰʹ ʳʯʲʰʨʴʰ ʹʻʲʰʹ ʴʨ˄ʰʲʨʱʹ, ʬʹ
ʻʸʯʰʬʸʯʵʩʨ ʨʭʰ˄ʿʫʬʩʨ, ʰʪʰ ˆʰʫʨʴ ˆʬʮʬ ʨʴʻ ʹˆʬʻʲʰʫʨʴ ʹˆʬʻʲˀʰ
ʪʨʫʨʫʰʹ. ʮʵʪˇʬʸ ˇʰʭʨ-ʹʻʲʰ ʯʨʭʴʬʩʵʩʹ, ʰʩʸ˃ʭʰʹ ʳʨʺʬʸʰʨʲʻʸʰ
ʹˆʬʻʲʰʹ ˆʬʮʬ, ʳʨʪʸʨʳ ʸʵʪʵʸ˂ ʱʰ ʳʰˆʭʫʬʩʨ ʫʨ ʨʾʰʨʸʬʩʹ ʳʬʵʸʬ ˁʰʺʹ
ʻʮʬʴʨʬʹ ʹʻʲʰʬʸ ʳʵ˃ʾʭʸʨʫ (ʸʵʪʵʸ ʨʸˇʻʴʨ ʯʨʭʰʹʰ ʴʬʩʰʯ ʳʰʬʴʫʵ
ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ), ʳʰ˄ʰʬʸʰʬʩʰʯ ˀʬʩʵʸʱʰʲʰ ˁʰʺʰ ʻʳʨʲ ʪʨʴʯʨʭʰʹʻʼʲʫʬʩʨ ʿʭʬʲʨ

23

Tavi meore – gitas mokle Sinaarsi

ʹʨʫʨʸʫʬʲ-ʹʨʮʸʻʴʨʭʰʹʨʪʨʴ. “ʳʻʴʫʨʱʨ ʻʶʨʴʰˀʴʨʫˀʰ˂” (3.1.2) ʫʨ
“ˀʭʬʺʨˀʭʨʺʨʸʨ ʻʶʨʴʰˀʨʫˀʰ˂” (4.7) ʫʨʫʨʹʺʻʸʬʩʻʲʰʨ ʬʹ ʨʮʸʰ: (˂ʰʺʨʺʨ)
“ʯʻʳ˂ʨ ʬʹ ʵʸʰ ˁʰʺʰ ʬʸʯ ˆʬʮʬ ˀʬʳʵʳˇʫʨʸʨ, ʬʸʯʰ, ʸʵʳʬʲʰ˂ ʴʨʿʵʼʰʯ
ʺʱʩʬʩʨ, ʳʨʰʴ˂ ʨʼʵʸʰʨʽʬʩʻʲʰʨ, ʸʨʾʨ˂ ʹʨʮʸʻʴʨʭʰʯ ʹʨˆʬ ʳʵʾʻˀʭʰʨ.
ʹʨʱʳʨʸʰʹʰʨ ʰʹ ʳʰʻʩʸʻʴʫʬʹ ʯʨʭʰʹ ʳʬʪʵʩʨʸʹ – ʻʼʨʲʹ, ʳʰˆʭʫʬʹ ʳʰʹ
ʫʰʫʬʩʻʲʬʩʨʹ, ʳʨʸʨʫ ʳˀʼʵʯʭʨʸʬ ʹʻʲʰ ʫʨʻ˄ʿʴʨʸʫʬʩʨ ʫʨ
ʪʨʯʨʭʰʹʻʼʲʫʬʩʨ ʳʾʬʲʭʨʸʬʩʰʹʨʪʨʴ”.
ʨʸˇʻʴʨ ʻʱʭʬ ˀʬʳʵʺʸʰʨʲʫʨ ʯʨʭʰʹʰ ʳʨʸʨʫʰʻʲʰ ʳʬʪʵʩʸʰʹ –
ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹʨʱʬʴ, ʸʵʳʲʰʹʪʨʴʨ˂ ʰʹʳʬʴʹ ʫʨ ʹ˄ʨʭʲʵʩʹ “ʩˈʨʪʨʭʨʫ-ʪʰʺʨʹ”.
ʹ˄ʵʸʬʫ ʬʹ ˀʬʨ˃ʲʬʩʰʴʬʩʹ ʳʨʹ, ʬʮʰʨʸʵʹ ʾʭʯʰʻʸ ʳʨʫʲʹ ʫʨ ʪʲʵʭʨ˅ʳʻʴʭʰʹʨʪʨʴ ʪʨʯʨʭʰʹʻʼʲʫʬʹ.
ʻʼʨʲʰ ʻʸˁʬʭʹ ʨʸˇʻʴʨʹ – ʨʸʨʫ ˁʨʨʪʫʵʹ, ʯʻ ʳʰʹ ʳʵˆʻ˂ ʩʨʩʻʨʹʨ ʫʨ
ʳʵ˃ʾʭʨʸʹ ʹˆʬʻʲʬʩʰʹ ʪʨʳʵ˂ʭʲʨ ʳʵʻ˄ʬʭʯ. ʶʰʸʰʽʰʯ, ʻʴʫʨ ʻˆʨʸʵʫʬʹ
ʹʨʳʨʸʯʲʰʨʴ ʩʸ˃ʵʲʨˀʰ ʯʻ ʫʨʰʾʻʶʬʩʰʨʴ ʫʨ ʫʨʺʵʭʬʩʬʴ, ʸʵʪʵʸ˂
ʻʹʨʸʪʬʩʲʵ ˁʬʴˁʵʹ, ʹʨʱʻʯʨʸ ʹˆʬʻʲʹ. ʭʰʴ˂ ʯʨʭʹ ʫʬʩʹ ʹʨʱʻʸʯˆʬʭʬʲʮʬ
ʨʴ ʹʰ˂ʵ˂ˆʲʬʹ ˄ʰʸʨʭʹ
ʹʨʳʨʯʲʰʨʴʰ ʩʸ˃ʵʲʰʹ ʭʬʲʮʬ, ʻʳʨʲ ˀʬʳʵʰ˃ʨʸ˂ʭʨʭʹ ʹˆʬʻʲʰʹʳʰʬʸʰ
ˀʬʫʬʪʬʩʰʹ ˃ʨ˃ʬʩʹ, ˀʬʰʳʵʹʬʩʨ ʴʨʯʲʰʯ ʫʨ ʹʰ˂ʵ˂ˆʲʰʹ ʨʾʳʨʺʬʩʻʲ
ʹʨʼʬˆʻʸʮʬ ʳʱʭʰʫʸʫʬʩʨ.
ʨʳʸʰʪʨʫ, ʨʸˇʻʴʨʹ ˅ʳʻʴʭʨ ʻʹʨʼʻ˃ʭʲʵ ʰʿʵ!
23) ʹʻʲʹ ʩʨʹʸʰ ʰʨʸʨʾʰ˂ ʸʵʳ ʨ˃ʪʬʸʵ – ʨʸ ʪʨʴʰʱʭʬʯʬʩʨ; ˂ʬ˂ˆʲʹ ʳʰʬ˂ – ʨʸ
ʫʨʰ˄ʭʬʩʨ, ʨʸ˂ ˄ʿʨʲˀʰ ʫʨʹʭʬʲʫʬʩʨ ʫʨ ʭʬʸ˂ ʽʨʸʰ ʪʨʳʵʨˀʸʵʩʹ.
ˀʰʴʨ-ʨʸʹʰ: ˀʬʻ˃ʲʬʩʬʲʰʨ ʹʻʲʰʹ ʳʵʱʭʲʨ ˆʳʲʰʯ, ˄ʭʰʳʰʯ, ʽʨʸʩʵʸʩʨʲʨʯʰ
ʫʨ ʨ.ˀ. ʿʭʬʲʨ ʰʨʸʨʾʰ ʻ˃ʲʻʸʫʬʩʨ ʹʻʲʰʹ ˀʬʻʭʨʲʵʩʰʹ ˄ʰʴʨˀʬ.
ʸʵʪʵʸ˂ ˁʨʴʹ, ʯʨʴʨʳʬʫʸʵʭʬ ʰʨʸʨʾʨʳʫʬ ʨʸʹʬʩʵʩʫʨ ʳʰ˄ʰʹ, ˄ʿʲʰʹ,
ˈʨʬʸʰʹ, ʫʨ ʬʯʬʸʰʹ ʫʨ ʹˆʭʨʯʨ ʹʺʰʽʰʵʴʻʸʰ ˃ʨʲʰʹ ʰʨʸʨʾʨʫ ʪʨʳʵʿʬʴʬʩʰʹ
ʶʸʨʽʺʰʱʨ. ʫʾʬʭʨʴʫʬʲʰ ʩʰʸʯʭʻʲʰ ʰʨʸʨʾʰ ˂ʬ˂ˆʲʰʹ ʪʨʳʵʿʬʴʬʩʰʹʨ ʫʨ
ʼʬʯʽʬʩʨʫʰ ʯʭʰʹʬʩʬʩʰʹ ʶʸʰʴ˂ʰʶʮʬʨ ʨʪʬʩʻʲʰ, ʳʨʪʸʨʳ ʻ˄ʰʴ ʳʨʺʬʸʰʨʲʻʸ
ʬʲʬʳʬʴʺʬʩʹ ʰʿʬʴʬʩʫʴʬʴ ʫʨ ʨʳʮʨʫʬʩʫʴʬʴ ʯʻʴʫʨ˂ ˀʬʳʫʬʪʴʨʰʸ ʰʨʸʨʾʹ:
˂ʬ˂ˆʲʰʹʨʹ ˄ʿʲʰʹ ʰʨʸʨʾʰʯ ʻʭʴʬʩʬʲʿʵʼʫʴʬʴ.
ʯʨʴʨʳʬʫʸʵʭʬ ʳʬ˂ʴʰʬʸʬʩʹ ˄ʨʸʳʵʫʪʬʴʨ ʨʸʨ ʨʽʭʯ, ʻ˄ʰʴ ʰʨʸʨʾʨʫ ʸʵʪʵʸ
ʰʿʬʴʬʩʫʴʬʴ ʽʨʸʩʵʸʩʨʲʨʹ.
ʳʰʻˆʬʫʨʭʨʫ ˁʨʳʵʯʭʲʰʲʰ ʨʫʸʬʻʲʰ ʹʨˆʬʵʩʰʹ ʰʨʸʨʾʰʹʨ ʫʨ
ʯʨʴʨʳʬʫʸʵʭʬ ʹʸʻʲʿʵʼʰʲʰ ʳʬ˂ʴʰʬʸʻʲʰ ˆʬʲʹʨ˄ʿʵʬʩʰʹʨ, ʹʻʲʰʹ ʴʨ˄ʰʲʴʨ˄ʰʲ ʫʨ˅ʸʨ, ʳʰʹʰ ʪʨʴʨʫʪʻʸʬʩʨ ʨʸʨʼʬʸʹ ʫʨ ʨʸʨʭʰʹ ˃ʨʲʻ˃ʹ.
ʳʨʰʨʭʨʫʬʩʰ ʭʬʸʨʼʸʰʯ ˆʹʴʰʨʴ ʰʳʨʹ, ʯʻ ʰʴʫʰʭʰʫʻʨʲʻʸʰ ʹʻʲʰ
ʻʩʸʨʲʵʫ, ʯʨʭʰʹʯʨʭʨʫ ʻʳʬ˂ʸʬʩʰʯ ʸʵʪʵʸ ˄ʨʸʳʵʰˀʭʨ ʫʨ ʳʵˁʭʬʴʬʩʰʯʰ

24

Tavi meore – gitas mokle Sinaarsi

ʬʴʬʸʪʰʰʹ ʹʨʼʨʸʭʬʲʽʭʬˀ ʳʵʬʽ˂ʨ. ʭʬʸ ˆʹʴʰʨʴ ʰʳʰʹ ˀʬʻ˃ʲʬʩʲʵʩʨʹ, ʸʵʳ
ʰʴʫʰʭʰʫʻʨʲʻʸ ʹʻʲʬʩʹ ʻʮʬʴʨʬʹʰ ʹʻʲʰʹʨʪʨʴ ʳʵʱʭʬʯʰʲ ʱʰ ʨʸʨ ʫʨ ʳʰʹ
ʪʨʴʻʿʵʼʬʲ, ʳʨʸʨʫ ʳʰʹʰ ʬʸʯʵʩʰʹ ʴʨ˄ʰʲʨʱʬʩʨʫ ʬʨʸʹʬʩʨʯ.
ʰʴʫʰʭʰʫʻʨʲʻʸʰ ʹʻʲʬʩʰ ʳʨʸʨʫ (ʹʨʴʨʺʨʴʨ) ʻʼʲʰʹ, ʸʵʪʵʸ˂
ʳʯʲʰʨʴʰʹ, ʯʨʴʨʳʿʵʼʰ ʴʨ˄ʰʲʨʱʬʩʰ ʨʸʰʨʴ, ʳʨʪʸʨʳ ʬʽ˂ʬʭʰʨʴ ʰʲʻʮʰʻʸʰ
ʬʴʬʸʪʰʰʹ ʹʨʼʨʸʭʬʲʽʭʬˀ, ʸʰʹ ʪʨʳʵ˂ ʹ˄ʿʫʬʩʰʨʴ ʻʮʬʴʨʬʹ ʻʼʨʲʯʨʴ
ʻʸʯʰʬʸʯʵʩʨʹ. ʸʵʪʵʸ˂ ˂ʬ˂ˆʲʰʹʨʪʨʴ ʪʨʳʵʼʸʽʭʬʻʲʰ ʴʨʶʬʸ˄ʱʲʬʩʰ
ʪʨʴʰʩʴʬʭʰʨʴ ʨʽʬʯ-ʰʽʰʯ, ʽʸʬʩʰʨʴ, ʳʨʪʸʨʳ ʯʭʰʹʵʩʸʰʭʨʫ ˂ʬ˂ˆʲʰʹʨʪʨʴ
ʪʨʴʹˆʭʨʭʫʬʩʰʨʴ. “ʭʨʸʨˈʨ ʶʻʸʨʴʨˀʰ” ˂ʵ˂ˆʨʲʰ ʨʸʹʬʩʬʩʰ ʻʮʬʴʨʬʹʰʹ
ʪʨʴʻʿʵʼʬʲ ʴʨ˄ʰʲʨʱʬʩʨʫ ʨʸʰʨʴ ˄ʨʸʳʵʫʪʬʴʰʲʴʰ. “ʩˈʨʪʨʭʨʫ-ʪʰʺʨʹ”
ʯʨʴʨˆʳʨʫʨ˂, ʰʹʰʴʰ ʳʨʸʨʫʰʻʲʰʹʨʪʨʴ ʪʨʳʵ˂ʨʲʱʬʭʬʩʻʲʰ ʹʻʲʬʩʰ ʨʸʰʨʴ.
ʨʳʸʰʪʨʫ, ʰʲʻʮʰʰʹʨʪʨʴ ʪʨʴʯʨʭʰʹʻʼʲʬʩʰʹ ˀʬʳʫʬʪʨ˂ ˂ʵ˂ˆʨʲʰ ʨʸʹʬʩʨ
ʰʴʫʰʭʰʫʻʨʲʻʸ ʶʰʸʵʭʴʬʩʨʫ ʸˁʬʩʨ. ʬʹ ʴʨʯʲʨʫ ˁʨʴʹ ʻʼʲʰʹ ʳʰʬʸ
ʨʸˇʻʴʨʹʨʯʭʰʹ ʳʰ˂ʬʳʻʲʰ ʫʨʸʰʪʬʩʰʫʨʴ. ʨʸˇʻʴʨ ʹ˄ʵʸʬʫ ʻʼʲʰʹʨʪʨʴ
ʩʵ˃ʬʩʻʲʰ ʨʳ ˂ʵʫʴʰʹ ʹʨʼʻ˃ʭʬʲʮʬ ʪʨʴʯʨʭʰʹʻʼʲʫʨ, ʯʻʳ˂ʨ ʨʳʰʯ
ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ ʮʴʬʵʩʨʹ ʭʬʸʨʹʵʫʬʹ ʪʨʻʯʨʴʨʩʸʫʬʩʨ.
24) ʰʴʫʰʭʰʫʻʨʲʻʸʰ ʹʻʲʰ ʫʨʻʴʨ˄ʬʭʸʬʩʬʲʰʨ, ˄ʿʨʲˀʰ ʨʸ ʰˆʹʴʬʩʨ,
˂ʬ˂ˆʲˀʰ ʨʸ ʰ˄ʭʰʹ, ʹʰʳˆʻʸʭʨʲʬ ʨʸ ʨˀʸʵʩʹ, ʰʪʰ ʫʨʻˀʸʬʺʬʲʰʨ,
ʳʨʸʨʫʰʻʲʨʫ ʿʭʬʲʪʨʴʳʿʵʼʰ, ʻ˂ʭʨʲʬʩʬʲʰ ʫʨ ʳʨʸʨʫ ʫʨʫʪʰʴʬʩʻʲʰ.
ˀʰʴʨ-ʨʸʹʰ: ʿʭʬʲʨ ʬʹ ʯʭʰʹʬʩʨ ʨʫʨʹʺʻʸʬʩʹ ʰʳʨʹ, ʸʵʳ ʰʴʫʰʭʰʫʻʨʲʻʸʰ
ʹʻʲʰ ʹʻʲʰʬʸʰ ʳʯʬʲʰʹ ʳʨʸʨʫ ʫʨʫʪʰʴʬʩʻʲʰ ʨʺʵʳʻʸʰ ʴʨ˄ʰʲʨʱʰʨ,
ʻ˂ʭʲʬʲʰ, ʿʵʭʬʲʯʭʰʹ ʬʸʯʹʨ ʫʨ ʰʳʨʭʬ ʨʺʵʳʨʫ ʳʿʵʼʰ. ʨʳ ˀʬʳʯˆʭʬʭʨˀʰ
˃ʨʲʰʨʴ ˃ʴʬʲʰʨ ʳʵʴʰʮʳʰʹ ʯʬʵʸʰʰʹ ʪʨʳʵʿʬʴʬʩʨ, ʭʰʴʨʰʫʨʴ
ʰʴʫʰʭʰʫʻʨʲʻʸʰ ʹʻʲʰ ʭʬʸʨʹʵʫʬʹ ʪʨʻʯʨʴʨʩʸʫʬʩʨ ʻʼʲʰʹ ʱʻʯʭʴʰʲ
ʹʻʲʰʬʸ ʳʯʲʰʨʴʵʩʨʹ.
ʳʨʺʬʸʰʨʲʻʸʰ ʻ˄ʳʰʴʫʻʸʬʩʰʹʨʪʨʴ ʪʨʴʯʨʭʰʹʻʼʲʬʩʰʹ ˀʬʳʫʬʪ ʨʺʵʳʻʸʳʨ
ʹʻʲʳʨ ˀʬʰ˃ʲʬʩʨ ʻʮʬʴʨʬʹʰ ʾʳʸʯʨʬʩʸʰʭʰ ʶʰʸʵʭʴʬʩʰʹ ʱʨˀʱʨˀʨ ʹˆʰʭˀʰ
ʴʨʶʬʸ˄ʱʨʲʰʭʰʯ ˂ʰʳ˂ʰʳʰ ʨʸˁʰʵʹ. ʪʵʴʰʬʸʰ ʹʻʲʬʩʰ ʹʻʲʰʬʸʰ
ʶʲʨʴʬʺʬʩʰʹʨʱʬʴ ʰʹ˄ʸʨʼʭʰʨʴ, ʸʨʯʨ ʻʮʬʴʨʬʹʹ ʳʰʬʨˆʲʵʴ.
ʳʴʰˀʭʴʬʲʵʭʨʴʰʨ ʹʰʺʿʭʨ “ʹʨʸʭʨ-ʪʨʺʨ” (“ʿʭʬʲʪʨʴʳʿʵʼʰ”). ʻʬ˅ʭʬʲʰʨ,
˂ʵ˂ˆʨʲʰ ʨʸʹʬʩʬʩʰ ʻʼʲʰʹʳʰʬʸ ʹʨʳʿʨʸʵˀʰ ʨʸʰʨʴ ʪʨʴʼʬʴʰʲʴʰ. ʰʹʰʴʰ
˂ˆʵʭʸʵʩʬʴ ʳʰ˄ʨʮʬ, ˄ʿʨʲˀʰ, ˈʨʬʸˀʰ, ʳʰ˄ʰʹ ʹʰʾʸʳʬʬʩʹʨ ʫʨ ˂ʬ˂ˆʲˀʰ˂ ʱʰ.
ʯʰʯʽʵʹ ʭʬʸ˂ʬʸʯʰ ʹʰ˂ʵ˂ˆʲʬ ʭʬʸ ʻ˃ʲʬʩʹ ˂ʬ˂ˆʲʰʹ ʨʲʳʻʲʹ ʫʨ
ʰʼʬʸʼʲʬʩʨ, ʳ˂ʫʨʸʰ ʨʮʸʰʨ – ʹʻʲʰ ˂ʬ˂ˆʲˀʰ ʨʸ ʰ˄ʭʰʹ!
ʬ˅ʭʪʨʸʬˀʬʨ, ˂ʵ˂ˆʨʲʰ ʨʸʹʬʩʬʩʰ ʨʸʰʨʴ ʶʲʨʴʬʺʨ ʳʮʬʮʬ˂, ʹʨʫʨ˂ ʳʨʯ
ʰʽʨʻʸʰ ʶʰʸʵʩʬʩʰʹʨʯʭʰʹ ʳʰʹʨʫʨʪʬʩʻʲʰ ʹˆʬʻʲʬʩʰ ʨʽʭʯ. ʯʻ ʳʮʬ

25

Tavi meore – gitas mokle Sinaarsi

ʫʨʻʹʨˆʲʬʩʬʲʰʨ, ʳʨˀʰʴ ʪʨʳʵʯʽʳʨʹ “ʹʨʸʭʨ-ʪʨʺʨ” (“ʿʭʬʲʪʨʴ ʳ˂ˆʵʭʸʬʩʰ)
ʨʮʸʰ ʬʱʨʸʪʬʩʨ.
25) ʨʳʩʵʩʬʴ – ʹʻʲʰ ʯʭʨʲʰʯ ʭʬʸʹʨʫˆʰʲʭʬʲʰ, ʬʴʰʯ ʪʨʳʵʻʯʽʳʬʲʰ,
ʪʵʴʬʩʰʯ ʳʵʻ˄ʭʫʵʳʬʲʰ ʫʨ ˂ʭʲʰʲʬʩʨʯʨ ʳʰʾʳʨ ʳʿʵʼʰʨ. ʯʻ ʨʳʨʹ ʪʨʰʪʬʩ,
ʹˆʬʻʲʮʬ ʨʾʨʸ˂ ʾʰʸʹ ʪʲʵʭʨ.
ˀʰʴʨ-ʨʸʹʰ: ʸʵʪʵʸ˂ ʪʨʴʭʳʨʸʺʬʯ, ʹʻʲʰʹ ʮʵʳʬʩʰ ʰʳʫʬʴʨʫ ʳ˂ʰʸʬʨ ˁʭʬʴʰ
ʳʨʺʬʸʰʨʲʻʸʰ ʪʨʳʵʯʭʲʬʩʰʹ ʯʭʨʲʹʨʮʸʰʹʰʯ, ʸʵʳ ʳʰʹʰ ʫʨʴʨˆʭʨ ʿʭʬʲʨʮʬ
ʳ˃ʲʨʭʸʰ ʳʰʱʸʵʹʱʵʶʰʯʨ˂ ʱʰ ˀʬʻ˃ʲʬʩʬʲʰʨ. ʹʻʲʰ ʻˆʰʲʨʭʰʨ. ʸʨ˂ ˀʬʬˆʬʩʨ
ʹʻʲʰʹ ʨʸʹʬʩʵʩʰʹ ʬʽʹʶʬʸʰʳʬʴʺʻʲ ʫʨʹʨʩʻʯʬʩʨʹ, ʬʹ ʨʸʨʭʰʹ ˃ʨʲʻ˃ʹ
ˀʸʻʺʰʹ, ʨʴʻ ʭʬʫʻʸʰ ʹʰʩʸ˃ʴʰʹ ʴʨʯʲʰʹ ʪʨʸʬˀʬ. ʻʴʫʨ ʭʨʾʰʨʸʵʯ ʬʹ
˅ʬˀʳʨʸʰʺʬʩʨ, ʸʨʱʰ ʹʻʲʰʹ ʨʸʹʬʩʵʩʰʹ ˀʬ˂ʴʵʩʰʹ ʹˆʭʨ ʸʨʳʬ ˄ʿʨʸʵ ʨʸ
ʳʵʰ˃ʬʩʴʬʩʨ. ʬʹ ʯʨʭʰʹʯʨʭʨʫ, ˃ʨʲʫʨʻʺʨʴʬʩʲʨʫ ʻʴʫʨ ʭʰʸ˄ʳʻʴʵʯ.
ˁʭʬʴ ˆʵʳ ˆˀʰʸʨʫ ʪʭʰˆʫʬʩʨ ʳʸʨʭʨʲʰ ʸʨʳʰʹ ʨʾʰʨʸʬʩʨ ʳˆʵʲʵʫ ʳʨʾʨʲ
ˀʬʳʵ˄ʳʬʩʻʲ ʨʮʸʬʩʮʬ ʫʨʿʸʫʴʵʩʰʯ – ʭʬʸʨʭʰʴ ʻʨʸʿʵʼʹ ʹʨʱʻʯʨʸ ʳʨʳʨʹ,
ʯʻʱʰ ʨʳʨʹ ʫʬʫʰʹ ʳʵʸʨʲʻʸʰ ʨʭʺʵʸʰʺʬʺʰ ʪʭʰʱʨʸʴʨˆʬʩʹ. ʨʸ ʨʸʹʬʩʵʩʹ
ʳʨʳʰʹ ʫʨʫʪʬʴʰʹ, ʳʰʹ ʴʨʳʫʭʰʲʵʩʨˀʰ ʫʨʸ˄ʳʻʴʬʩʰʹ ʹˆʭʨ ʪʮʨ, ʫʬʫʰʹʨʫʳʰ
ʶʨʺʰʭʰʹ˂ʬʳʰʹ ʪʨʸʫʨ.
ʨʹʬʭʬʨ ʹʻʲʰʹ ʨʸʹʬʩʵʩʰʹ ʸ˄ʳʬʴʰʹ ˀʬʳʯˆʭʬʭʨˀʰ˂ – ʭʬʫʬʩʰʹ ˀʬʹ˄ʨʭʲʨ ʨʳʰʹ
ʫʨˇʬʸʬʩʰʹ ʬʸʯʨʫʬʸʯʰ ʫʨ ʨʭʺʵʸʰʺʬʺʻʲʰ ˄ʿʨʸʵʨ. ʹˆʭʨ ʹʰʺʿʭʬʩʰʯ –
ʹʻʲʰ ʨʫʨʳʰʨʴʯʨ ʬʽʹʶʬʸʰʳʬʺʻʲʰ ˂ʵʫʴʰʹ ʹʨʮʾʭʸʬʩʹ ʳʰʾʳʨʨ.
ʭʬʫʬʩˀʰ ʫʨʳʺʱʰ˂ʬʩʻʲʰʨ, ʸʵʳ ʹʻʲʰ ˂ʴʵʩʰʬʸʬʩʨʨ ʫʨ ˁʭʬʴ
ˀʬʻʱʨʳʨʯʬʩʲʨʫ ʻʴʫʨ ʭʨʾʰʨʸʵʯ ʬʹ. ʹˆʬʻʲʰʹʨʪʨʴ ʪʨʴʹˆʭʨʭʬʩʰʯ ʹʻʲʰ ʨʸ
ʳʵʸˁʰʲʬʩʹ ˂ʭʨʲʬʩʨʫʵʩʨʹ ʫʨ ʸʵʪʵʸ˂ ʳʨʸʨʫ ʫʨʫʪʰʴʬʩʻʲʰ,
ʮʾʭʨʸʫʨʻʫʬʩʬʲ ʫʨ ʫʨʻʴʨ˄ʬʭʸʬʩʬʲ ʻʮʬʴʨʬʹ ʹʻʲʯʨʴ ˀʬʫʨʸʬʩʰʯ
ʳʻʫʨʳ ʨʺʵʳʻʸʰ ʴʨ˄ʰʲʨʱʰʹ ʻʹʨʹʸʻʲʵ ʹʰʳ˂ʰʸʬʹ ʰʴʨʸˁʻʴʬʩʹ. ʫʨ ʨʸ˂
ʫʨʫʪʬʩʨ ʷʨʳʰ, ʰʪʰ ʪʨʻʺʵʲʫʬʹ ʻʮʬʴʨʬʹ ʾʳʸʯʨʬʩʸʰʭ ʶʰʸʵʭʴʬʩʨʹ –
ʬʸʯʰʨʴʹ, ʫʨʻʴʨ˄ʬʭʸʬʩʬʲʹʨ ʫʨ ʫʨʻʹʨʮʾʭʸʬʩʬʲ ʹʻʲʹ.
ʬʹ ʱʵʴ˂ʬʼ˂ʰʨ ʭʬʫʬʩˀʰ ˆˀʰʸʨʫ ʳʬʵʸʫʬʩʨ ʹˆʭʨʫʨʹˆʭʨ ʹʨˆʰʹʨ ʫʨ ʫʵʴʰʹ
ʫʨʹʨʩʻʯʬʩʰʯ, ʸʨʯʨ ʿʭʬʲʨʳ ʰʸ˄ʳʻʴʵʹ ʹʻʲʰʹ ʨʸʹʬʩʵʩʰʹ ʻʺʿʻʨʸʵʩʨ.
ʪʨʳʬʵʸʬʩʨ ˆʵʳ ʫʬʫʨʨ ʸʨʰʳʬ ʹʨʱʰʯˆʰʹ ʩʵʲʵʳʫʬ ʫʨ ʻˀʬ˂ʫʵʳʵʫ
ʪʨʪʬʩʰʹʨ?!
26) ʯʻ ʰʹʬʭ ʬ˅ʭʵʩ, ʸʵʳ ʫʨʩʨʫʬʩʨ-ʹʰʱʭʫʰʲʰ ʹʻʲʰʹ ˄ʰʲˆʭʬʫʸʰʨ, ʳʨʰʴ˂
ʨʸʨ ʪʨʽʭʹ ʪʲʵʭʰʹ ʳʰʮʬʮʰ, ʵ, ʳʱʭʲʨʭʳʨʪʨʸʵ!
ˀʰʴʨ-ʨʸʹʰ: ʿʵʭʬʲʯʭʰʹ ʳʵʰ˃ʬʩʴʬʩʰʨʴ ʩʻʫʰʹʺʯʨ ˀʬˆʬʫʻʲʬʩʬʩʰʹ
ʳʰʳʫʬʭʨʸʰ ʼʰʲʵʹʵʼʵʹʬʩʰ, ʸʵʳʬʲʯʨ˂ ʹˆʬʻʲʰʹ ʪʨʸʬˀʬ ʹʻʲʰʹ

26

Tavi meore – gitas mokle Sinaarsi

ʫʨʳʵʻʱʰʫʬʩʲʨʫ ʨʸʹʬʩʵʩʰʹ ʨʸʨ ʹ˄ʨʳʯ. ʸʵʫʬʹʨ˂ ʻʼʨʲʳʨ ʱʸʰˀʴʨʳ
“ʩˈʨʪʨʭʨʫ-ʪʰʺʨ” ʪʨʫʳʵʹ˂ʨ, ʸʵʪʵʸ˂ ˁʨʴʹ, ʳʵʨʮʸʵʭʴʬʬʩʰ ʳʨˀʰʴʨ˂
ʨʸʹʬʩʵʩʫʴʬʴ, ʸʵʳʬʲʯʨ˂ ʲʵʱʨʰʨʺʰʱʬʩʰ ʫʨ ʭʨʰʩˈʨˀʰʱʬʩʰ ʬʸʽʭʨʯ. ʬʹ
ʻʱʨʴʨʹʱʴʬʲʴʰ ʨʳʺʱʰ˂ʬʩʫʴʬʴ, ʯʰʯʽʵʹ ʹʰ˂ʵ˂ˆʲʰʹ ʴʰˀʴʬʩʰ ʳʨʺʬʸʰʨʲʻʸʰ
ʴʨʬʸʯʰʹ ʳʵʳ˄ʰʼʬʩʰʹ ʳʫʪʵʳʨʸʬʵʩʨˀʰ ˁʴʫʬʩʨ. ʯʨʴʨʳʬʫʸʵʭʬ ʳʬ˂ʴʰʬʸʼʰʲʵʹʵʼʵʹʬʩʰ˂ ʨʹʬ ʼʰʽʸʵʩʬʴ. ʳʨʯʰ ʨʮʸʰʯ, ʹˆʬʻʲʰ ʳʨʺʬʸʰʨʲʻʸ
ʬʲʬʳʬʴʺʯʨ ʴʨʬʸʯʰʨ ʫʨ ʳˆʵʲʵʫ ʪʨʸʱʭʬʻʲ ʹʺʨʫʰʨʮʬ ʭʰʯʨʸʫʬʩʨ
ʼʰʮʰʱʻʸʰ ʫʨ ʽʰʳʰʻʸʰ ʬʲʬʳʬʴʺʬʩʰʹ ʻʸʯʰʬʸʯʽʳʬʫʬʩʨ, ʸʨ˂ ʩʨʫʬʩʹ
ʹʰ˂ʵ˂ˆʲʰʹ ʴʰˀʴʬʩʹ. ʨʴʯʸʵʶʵʲʵʪʰʨ˂ ʨʳ ˀʬˆʬʫʻʲʬʩʬʩʹ ʬʳʿʨʸʬʩʨ.
ʳʸʨʭʨʲʰ ˂ʸʻʳʸ˄ʳʬʴʬʲʰ ʶʰʸʰ˂, ʸʵʳʲʬʩʰ˂ ʬʸʯʵʩ ˅ʨʸʩʨʫ ˀʬʳʵʫʰʨʴ
ʳʵʫʨˀʰ ʨʳʬʸʰʱʨˀʰ, ʰʮʰʨʸʬʩʬʴ ʳʨʹ ʫʨ ʩʻʫʰʹʺʯʨ ʴʰˈʰʲʰʹʺʻʸʰ ʹʬʽʺʬʩʰʹ
ʼʰʲʵʹʵʼʰʨʹʨ˂, ʸʵʳʬʲʰ˂ ʻʨʸʿʵʼʹ ʻʼʲʰʹ ʬʸʯʪʻʲ ʹʨʳʹʨˆʻʸʹ.
ʯʻ ʨʸˇʻʴʨʹ ʨʸ ʹ˄ʨʳʫʨ ʹʻʲʰʹ ʨʸʹʬʩʵʩʨ, ʸʵʪʵʸ˂ ʬʹ ʭʨʰʩˈʨˀʰʱʨʹ
ʼʰʲʵʹʵʼʰʰʹʯʭʰʹʨʨ ʫʨʳʨˆʨʹʰʨʯʬʩʬʲʰ, ʳʨʹ ʳʨʰʴ˂ ʨʸ ʬ˃ʲʬʵʫʨ ʳ˂ʰʸʬ
ʳʰʮʬʮʰ˂ ʱʰ ˅ʳʻʴʭʨ-ʪʲʵʭʰʹʨ – ʴʻʯʻ ʭʰʴʳʬ ʫʨʰ˄ʿʬʩʹ ʳʵʯʽʳʨ-ʺʰʸʰʲʹ
ʽʰʳʰʻʸʰ ʬʲʬʳʬʴʺʬʩʰʯ ˀʬʱʵ˄ʰ˄ʬʩʻʲʰ ʴʨʪʲʬˇʬʩʰʹ ʪʨʳʵ ʫʨ ʫʨ˄ʿʬʩʻʲʰ
ʳʵʭʨʲʬʵʩʬʩʰʹ ˀʬʹʸʻʲʬʩʨʮʬ ˆʬʲʹ ʨʰʾʬʩʹ?!
ʯʨʴʨʳʬʫʸʵʭʬ ʳʬ˂ʴʰʬʸʬʩʰ ʫʨ ʹʨʳˆʬʫʸʵ ˀʬʰʨʸʨʾʬʩʰʹ ʳʬʹʭʬʻʸʴʰ
ʺʵʴʵʩʰʯ ʽʰʳʰʻʸ ʴʰʭʯʰʬʸʬʩʬʩʹ ˆʨʸˇʨʭʬʴ ʭʰʴʳʬʹ ʫʨʹʨʳʨʸ˂ˆʬʩʲʨʫ.
ʭʨʰʩˈʨˀʰʱʨʹ ʼʰʲʵʹʵʼʰʻʸʰ ʳʵ˃ʾʭʸʬʩʰʹ ʯʨʴʨˆʳʨʫ, ʹˆʬʻʲʰʹ ˆʸ˄ʴʨʹʯʨʴ
ʬʸʯʨʫ ʽʸʬʩʨ ʹʻʲʰ, ʨʴʻ ʨʺʳʨ. ʳʨˀʨʹʨʫʨʳʬ, ʨʸˇʻʴʨʹ, ʨʾʰʨʸʬʩʫʨ ʯʻ ʨʸʨ
ʰʪʰ ʭʬʫʻʸ ʹʰʩʸ˃ʴʬʹ ʨʺʵʳʻʸʰ ʹʻʲʰʹ ʳʨʸʨʫʰʻʲʵʩʰʹ ˀʬʹʨˆʬʩ, ʪʲʵʭʰʹ
ʳʰʮʬʮʰ ʳʨʰʴ˂ ʨʸ ˈʽʵʴʫʨ. ʯʻʱʰ ʿʵʭʬʲ ˄ʨʳʹ ʳʨʺʬʸʰʰʫʨʴ ʻʨʳʸʨʭʲʰ
˂ʵ˂ˆʨʲʰ ʨʸʬʩʨ ˄ʨʸʳʵʰʽʳʴʬʩʨ ʫʨ ʨʳʫʬʴʰʭʬ ʱʭʫʬʩʨ, ʫʨʸʫʰ ʫʨ
ʯʨʭʰʹʳʺʭʸʬʭʨ ʸʨʾʨ ʹʨ˅ʰʸʵʨ.
ʯʻ ʹʻʲʹ ʱʭʲʨʭ ʫʨʩʨʫʬʩʨ ʨʸ ʻ˄ʬʸʰʨ, ʳʰʯ ʻʼʸʵ ʸʨʫ ʨˀʰʴʬʩʫʨ
ʨʸˇʻʴʨʹ ʹʨʱʻʯʨʸʰ ʩʨʩʻʰʹʨ ʫʨ ʳʵ˃ʾʭʸʰʹ ʳʵʱʭʲʰʯ ˁʨʫʬʴʰʲʰ ˂ʵʫʭʨ?!
ʱʸʰˀʴʨʳ ʪʨˆʻʳʸʬʩʰʯ ʳʰʳʨʸʯʨ ʨʸˇʻʴʨʹ – ʵ, ʳʱʲʨʭʳʨʪʨʸʵ (ʳʨˈʨ-ʩʨˈʵ) ʫʨ
ˀʬʨˆʹʬʴʨ – ʰʪʰ ʽˀʨʺʸʰʨ ʰʿʵ ʫʨ ʭʬʫʻʸʰ ʹʰʩʸ˃ʴʰʹ ʯʨʴʨˆʳʨʫ ʱʰ ʳʰʹʰ
ʼʰʮʰʱʻʸʰ ˃ʨʲʳʵʹʰʲʬʩʨ ʯʻ ʹʻʲʰʬʸʰ ʹʰʳʨʳʨ˂ʬ ʨʳ ʱʨʴʵʴʬʩʰʹ
ˀʬʹʸʻʲʬʩʨʹ ʻʴʫʨ ʳʵˆʳʨʸʬʩʵʫʨ.
ʱʸʰˀʴʨ ʨʸʨʹʵʫʬʹ ʨʾʰʨʸʬʩʫʨ ʭʨʰʩˈʨˀʰʱʨʹ, ʸʵʳʬʲʰ˂ ʭʬʫʻʸʰ ʹʰʩʸ˃ʴʰʹ
ʻʪʻʲʬʩʬʲʿʵʼʰʯ ˂ʫʰʲʵʩʹ ʪʨʴʭʰʯʨʸʬʩʨʹ.
27) ʭʰʴ˂ ʰʩʨʫʬʩʨ, ʳʰʹʯʭʰʹ ʹʰʱʭʫʰʲʰ ʪʨʸʫʻʭʨʲʰʨ; ʹʰʱʭʫʰʲʰʹ ˀʬʳʫʬʪ
ʱʰ ʱʭʲʨʭ ʫʨʩʨʫʬʩʨ˂ ˄ʬʹʰʨ: ʨʳʰʺʵʳ ʴʻʸʨʼʬʸʹ ʰʪʲʵʭ – ˀʬʴ ˀʬʴʹ
ʨʻ˂ʰʲʬʩʬʲ ʳʵʭʨʲʬʵʩʨʹ ʨʹʸʻʲʬʩ.

27

Tavi meore – gitas mokle Sinaarsi

ˀʰʴʨ-ʨʸʹʰ: ˂ʵ˂ˆʨʲʰ ʨʸʹʬʩʰʹ ʫʨʩʨʫʬʩʨ ʳʰʹ ʨʫʸʰʴʫʬʲ ˂ˆʵʭʸʬʩʨˀʰ
ʹʨʽʳʰʨʴʵʩʨʯʨ ˀʬʫʬʪʬʩʰʯ ʪʨʴʰʹʨʮʾʭʸʬʩʨ. ʹʰ˂ʵ˂ˆʲʰʹ ʬʸʯʰ ˂ʰʱʲʰʹ
ʫʨʹʸʻʲʬʩʰʹ ˀʬʳʫʬʪ ʰʪʰ ʱʭʫʬʩʨ, ʸʨʯʨ ʱʭʲʨʭ ʫʨʰʩʨʫʵʹ. ʫʨʩʨʫʬʩʨʹʰʱʭʫʰʲʰʹ ˄ʸʬʩʸʻʴʭʨˀʰ ʰʪʰ ʪʨʴʯʨʭʰʹʻʼʲʬʩʰʹ ʪʨʸʬˀʬ ʪʨʫʨʫʰʹ, ʳʨʪʸʨʳ
ʬʹ ʳʨʰʴ˂ ʨʸ ʪʭʨ˃ʲʬʭʹ ʻʼʲʬʩʨʹ ʻʨʮʸʵ ʳʱʭʲʬʲʵʩʬʩʹ, ˂ˆʵʭʬʲʯʨ ˆʵ˂ʭʨʹʨ
ʫʨ ʵʳʬʩʹ ʳʰʭʿʵʯ ˆʬʲʰ, ʯʻʳ˂ʨ ʨʫʨʳʰʨʴʯʨ ʹʨʮʵʪʨʫʵʬʩʨˀʰ ʱʨʴʵʴʰʹʨ ʫʨ
˄ʬʹʸʰʪʰʹ ˀʬʹʨʴʨʸˁʻʴʬʩʲʨʫ ˃ʨʲʳʵʳʸʬʵʩʨ ʫʨ ʮʵʪˇʬʸ ʵʳʰ˂ ʪʨʸʫʻʭʨʲ
ʨʻ˂ʰʲʬʩʲʵʩʨʫ ʨʸʰʹ ʫʨʱʨʴʵʴʬʩʻʲʰ.
ʱʻʸʻʽˀʬʺʸʨʹ ʩʸ˃ʵʲʨ, ʸʵʪʵʸ˂ ʻʮʬʴʨʬʹʰʹ ʴʬʩʨ, ˀʬʻʽ˂ʬʭʨʫʰ ʪʨˆʲʫʨʯ
ʫʨ ʽˀʨʺʸʰʨʹ ʭʨʲʰ ʹʨʳʨʸʯʲʰʨʴʰ ʹʨʽʳʰʹʨʯʭʰʹ ʩʸ˃ʵʲʨˀʰ ʻʴʫʨ
ʪʨʳʵʭʲʬʴʰʲʰʿʵ. ʸʨʺʵʳ ʻʴʫʨ ˀʬˀʰʴʬʩʵʫʨ, ʨʴ ʳ˄ʻˆʨʸʬʩʨʹ ʳʵʬ˂ʭʨ ʨʸˇʻʴʨ
ʯʨʭʰʹʰ ʴʨʯʬʹʨʭʬʩʰʹ ʫʨˆʵ˂ʭʰʹ ʪʨʳʵ, ʯʻʱʰ ʨʳʨʹ ʹʨʱʻʯʨʸʰ ʳʵʭʨʲʬʵʩʰʹ
ʶʰʸʻʯʭʴʬʲʨʫ ʨʾʹʸʻʲʬʩʨ ʳʵʰʯˆʵʭʫʨ. ʳʨʹ ʱʨʴʵʴʰʹ ʫʨʸʾʭʬʭʰʹ ʻʼʲʬʩʨ
ʨʸ ˈʽʵʴʫʨ, ʯʻ ʨʸʨʫʨ ˂ʵʫʭʬʩʰʯ ʫʨʳ˃ʰʳʬʩʻʲʰ ʪʨʲʬʭʫʨ ʯʨʭʰʹ
ʹʰ˂ʵ˂ˆʲʬʹ – ʨʳʰʹ ʱʰ ʬʸʯʵʩ ʬˀʰʴʵʫʨ ʨʸˇʻʴʨʹ.
ʯʻ ʯʨʭʰʹ ʫʨʫʪʬʴʰʲ ʳʵʭʨʲʬʵʩʨʮʬ ʻʨʸʹ ʰʺʿʵʫʨ, ʨʸˇʻʴʨ
ʹʰʱʭʫʰʲʰʹʨʪʨʴ ʳʨʰʴ˂ ʭʬʸ ʰˆʹʴʰʫʨ ʨˆʲʵʩʬʲʹ ʫʨ ʯʨʭʨʫ ʫʨʬ˂ʬʳʵʫʨ
ʳʵʽʳʬʫʬʩʰʹ ʨʸʨʹ˄ʵʸʰ ʪʮʰʹ ʨʸˁʬʭʰʹ ʪʨʳʵ.
28) ʿʵʭʬʲʰ ʨʸʹʬʩʨ ʹʨʱʻʯʨʸ ʫʨʹʨʩʨʳˀʰ ʪʨʳʵʻʭʲʬʴʬʲʰʨ ʫʨ ʻˁʰʴʵ,
ˀʻʨʲʬʫʻʸ ʹʺʨʫʰʨˀʰ ʭʲʰʴʫʬʩʨ, ˆʵʲʵ ʪʨʨʹʸʻʲʬʩʹ ʸʨ ʯʨʭʰʹ ʨʸʹʬʩʵʩʨʹ,
ʱʭʲʨʭ ʻˁʰʴʵʽʳʴʰʲʬʩʨʹ ʻʩʸʻʴʫʬʩʨ. ʳʨˀ, ʸʨ ʨʸʰʹ ʹʨʳ˄ʻˆʨʸʵ?!
ˀʰʴʨ-ʨʸʹʰ: ʯʻ ʭʨʾʰʨʸʬʩʯ ʵʸʰ ʳʰʳʫʰʴʨʸʬʵʩʰʹ ʼʰʲʵʹʵʼʵʹʯʨ
ˀʬˆʬʫʻʲʬʩʬʩʹ, ʸʵʳʬʲʯʨʪʨʴ ʬʸʯʹ ʹˇʬʸʨ ʹʻʲʰʹ ʨʸʹʬʩʵʩʰʹʨ, ʳʬʵʸʬʹ ʱʰ
ʨʸʨ, ʨʸ˂ʬʸʯ ˀʬʳʯˆʭʬʭʨˀʰ ʳʨʰʴ˂ ʨʸʨ ʪʭʨʽʭʹ ʪʲʵʭʰʹ ʳʰʮʬʮʰ. ʳʨʯ, ʭʰʹʨ˂
ʹʻʲʰʹ ʨʸʹʬʩʵʩʰʹ ʨʸʨ ʹ˄ʨʳʯ, ʭʬʫʻʸʰ ʳʵ˃ʾʭʸʬʩʰʹ ʳʰʳʫʬʭʨʸʴʰ
ʨʯʬʰʹʺʬʩʹ (ʻʸ˄ʳʻʴʵʬʩʹ) ʻ˄ʵʫʬʩʬʴ. ʨʳ ʯʬʵʸʰʰʹ ʨʾʰʨʸʬʩʰʹ ʫʸʵʹʨ˂ ʨʸ
ˁʨʴʹ ˅ʳʻʴʭʰʹ ʹʨʼʻ˃ʭʬʲʰ. ʯʻ ʭʨʾʰʨʸʬʩʯ ʹʻʲʰʹ ʹˆʬʻʲʰʹʨʪʨʴ
ʪʨʴ˂ʨʲʱʬʭʬʩʻʲʨʫ ʨʸʹʬʩʵʩʨʹ, ʻʱʭʬ ʭʰ˂ʰʯ, ʸʵʳ ˀʬʽʳʴʨʳʫʬ ʳʨʺʬʸʰʨʲʻʸʰ
ʬʲʬʳʬʴʺʬʩʰ ʪʨʳʵʻʭʲʬʴʬʲʴʰ ʨʸʰʨʴ; ʻˁʰʴʵʩʰʹ ʨʳ ʴʨʺʰʼʰ ʹʺʨʫʰʰʫʨʴ
ʳʵʫʰʹ ʪʨʳʵʭʲʰʴʬʩʨ ʰʹʬʭʬ, ʸʵʪʵʸ˂ ʬʯʬʸʰʹʨʪʨʴ ʭʲʰʴʫʬʩʨ ˈʨʬʸʰ,
ˈʨʬʸʰʹʨʪʨʴ – ˂ʬ˂ˆʲʰ, ˂ʬ˂ˆʲʰʹʨʪʨʴ – ˄ʿʨʲʰ, ˄ʿʲʰʹʨʪʨʴ – ʳʰ˄ʨ, ˆʵʲʵ ʳʰ˄ʨ
ʳʸʨʭʨʲʯʻʳʸʨʭʲʬʹʰ ʪʨʳʵʭʲʰʴʬʩʰʹ ˄ʿʨʸʵʨ.
ʳʨʪʨʲʰʯʰʹʨʯʭʰʹ ʨʭʰʾʵʯ ˂ʨʯʨʳʩˇʬʴʰ, ʸʵʳʬʲʰ˂ ʳʰ˄ʰʹʨʪʨʴ ʰʽʳʴʬʩʨ ʫʨ
ʪʨʳʵʭʲʰʴʫʬʩʨ; ʸʵ˂ʨ ʰʪʰ ʰʴʪʸʬʭʨ, ʳʰʹʰ ʬʹ ʳʰ˄ʰʹʳʰʬʸʰ ʹʨˆʬ ʱʭʲʨʭ
ʪʨʳʵʻʭʲʬʴʬʲ ʳʫʪʵʳʨʸʬʵʩʨʹ ʻʩʸʻʴʫʬʩʨ ʫʨ ʹʨʩʵʲʵʵ ʹʺʨʫʰʨˀʰ
ʨʺʵʳʬʩʰʹ ʹʨˆʬʹ ʰʾʬʩʹ. ʬʴʬʸʪʰʰʹ ˀʬʴʨˆʭʰʹ ʱʨʴʵʴʰ ʳʨʸʨʫʳʵʽʳʬʫʰʨ, ʳʨʪʸʨʳ

28

Tavi meore – gitas mokle Sinaarsi

ʫʸʵʯʨ ʪʨʴʳʨʭʲʵʩʨˀʰ ʹʨʪʴʬʩʰ ˆʨʴ ʭʲʰʴʫʬʩʰʨʴ, ˆʨʴ ʪʨʳʵʻʭʲʬʴʬʲ
ʳʫʪʵʳʨʸʬʵʩʨʹ ʻʩʸʻʴʫʬʩʰʨʴ.
ʳʨˀ, ʸʨ ʨʸʰʹ ʹʨʼʰʽʸʨʲ-ʹʨʺʰʸʨʲʰ ʪʨʳʵʭʲʬʴʰʲʹʨ ʯʻ ʪʨʳʵʻʭʲʬʴʬʲ
ʹʺʨʫʰʨˀʰ?! ʨʸʨʼʬʸʰ ʰʱʨʸʪʬʩʨ – ʫʨʹʨʩʨʳˀʰ˂ ʫʨ ʩʵʲʵ ʬʺʨʶʮʬ˂ ʿʵʭʬʲʰ
ʬʲʬʳʬʴʺʰ ʻˁʰʴʵʨ ʫʨ ʳˆʵʲʵʫ ˀʻʨʲʬʫʻʸ ʹʺʨʫʰʨˀʰʨ ʪʨʳʵʭʲʬʴʰʲʰ. ʬʹ
ʱʰ ʸʱʨʲʻʸʨʫ ʨʸʨʭʰʯʨʸ ʳʨʺʬʸʰʨʲʻʸ ʪʨʴʹˆʭʨʭʬʩʨʹ ʨʸ ʽʳʴʰʹ ʫʨʹʨ˄ʿʰʹʹʨ
ʫʨ ʫʨʹʨʹʸʻʲʹ ˀʵʸʰʹ.
ʯʻ ʭʨʾʰʨʸʬʩʯ “ʩˈʨʪʨʭʨʫ-ʪʰʺʨˀʰ” ʳʵ˂ʬʳʻʲ ʭʬʫʻʸ ʫʨʹʱʭʴʨʹ, ʸʵʳʲʰʹ
ʯʨʴʨˆʳʨʫʨ˂ ʳʨʺʬʸʰʨʲʻʸʰ ʹˆʬʻʲʬʩʰ ʫʸʵʯʨ ʪʨʴʳʨʭʲʵʩʨˀʰ ʰʾʻʶʬʩʰʨʴ
(ʨʴʺʨʭʨʴʺʨ ʰʳʬ ʫʬˈʨˈ) ʫʨ ʹʻʲʰ ˆʬʲʻˆʲʬʩʬʲʰ ʸˁʬʩʨ (ʴʰʺʰʨʹʰʵʱʺʨˈ
ˀʨʸʰʸʰʴʨˈ), ʳʻʫʨʳ ʻʴʫʨ ʪʭʨˆʹʵʭʫʬʹ, ʸʵʳ ʹˆʬʻʲʰ ʹʨʳʵʹʬʲʹʨ ˈʪʨʭʹ. ʪʨʴʨ
ʭʫʨʸʫʵʩʯ ʹʨʳʵʹʬʲʰʹ ʪʨʳʵ˂ʭʲʨʹ?! ʳʨʸʨʫʰʻʲ ʹʻʲʯʨʴ ˀʬʫʨʸʬʩʰʯ
ʹʨʪʴʵʩʸʰʭʰ ʹˆʬʻʲʰ ʨʸʳʵʹʨʺʨʴʰʨ! ʬʹ ʻʱʨʴʨʹʱʴʬʲʰ ʳʵˁʭʬʴʬʩʰʯʰʨ,
ʸʵʪʵʸ˂ ˃ʰʲˀʰ ʴʨʴʨˆʰ ʮʳʨʴʬʩʨʴʰ – ʳʨʪʨʲʰʯʨʫ, ˂ʨˀʰ ʫʨʭʼʸʰʴʨʭʯ ʨʴ
ʳʬʼʻʸʨʫ ʬʺʲˀʰ ʭʨʸʯ ʪʨʳʵ˅ʰʳʻʲʴʰ... ʪʨʨˆʬʲ ʯʭʨʲʹ, ʪʨʰʼʨʴʺʬʩʨ
ʳʵˁʭʬʴʬʩʨ ʫʨ ʨʾʳʵˁʴʫʬʩʨ, ʸʵʳ ʨʸ˂ ˂ʨˀʰ ʭʨʸʯ ʫʨ ʨʾʨʸ˂ ʬʺʲʰʨ ʹʨʫʳʬ.
ʭʬʫʻʸʰ ʹʰʩʸ˃ʴʬ ʳʨʺʬʸʰʨʲʻʸʰ ʹˆʬʻʲʰʹ ʨʸʨʸʹʬʩʵʩʰʹ ʸ˄ʳʬʴʰʹ
ʹʨʼʻ˃ʭʬʲʮʬ ʹʨʱʻʯʨʸʰ ʯʨʭʰʹ ˀʬ˂ʴʵʩʰʹʨʱʬʴ ʳʵʪʭʰ˄ʵʫʬʩʹ – ʨʸ˂ʬʸʯ
ˀʬʳʯˆʭʬʭʨˀʰ ʨʸ ʾʰʸʹ ʫʨʹʨʾʻʶʨʭʨʫ ʪʨʴ˄ʰʸʻʲʰ ʹˆʬʻʲʰʹ ʫʨʺʰʸʬʩʨ.
29) ʮʵʪʰ ˀʬˈʿʻʸʬʩʹ ʹʻʲʹ, ʸʵʪʵʸ˂ ʹʨʵ˂ʸʬʩʨʹ; ʮʵʪʰ ʨʾ˄ʬʸʹ ʳʨʹ, ʸʵʪʵʸ˂
ʹʨʵ˂ʸʬʩʨʹ; ʮʵʪʰ ʰʹʳʬʴʹ ʳʨʹʮʬ, ʸʵʪʵʸ˂ ʹʨʵ˂ʸʬʩʨʮʬ. ʭʬʸʨʭʰʴ, ʯʻʴʫʨ˂
ʳʹʳʬʴʬʲʰ, ʭʬʸ ʹʨ˂ʴʨʻʸˈʿʵʼʹ ʳʨʹ.
ˀʰʴʨ-ʨʸʹʰ: ʭʰʴʨʰʫʨʴ “ʪʰʺʵʶʨʴʰˀʨʫʰ” ʳʴʰˀʭʴʬʲʵʭʨʴ˄ʰʲʨʫ ʻʶʨʴʰˀʨʫʬʩʰʹ
ʶʸʰʴ˂ʰʶʬʩʮʬʨ ʨʪʬʩʻʲʰ, ʨʸʨʨ ʪʨʹʨʱʭʰʸʰ, ʸʵʳ ʨʹʬʯ ʸʨʳʬʹ “ʱʨʯˈʨ
ʻʶʨʴʰˀʨʫˀʰ˂” ʭˆʭʫʬʩʰʯ: (˂ʰʺʨʺʨ)
ʪʨʴʹʨ˂ʭʰʼʸʬʩʬʲʰʨ, ʨʺʵʳʻʸʰ ʹʻʲʰ ʰʳʿʵʼʬʩʨ ʻʮʨʸʳʨʮʨʸʰ ˂ˆʵʭʬʲʰʹ
ʹˆʬʻʲˀʰ˂, ʩʨʴʰʨʴʰʹ ʪʰʪʨʴʺʻʸ ˆʬˀʰ˂ ʫʨ ʳʰʱʸʵʩʬʩˀʰ˂, ʸʵʳʬʲʯʨ
ʳʰʲʰʵʴʬʩʰ ʫʨ ʳʰʲʰʨʸʫʬʩʰ ʳˆʵʲʵʫ ˄ʬʸʺʰʲʰʹʵʫʬʴʨ ʨʫʪʰʲʹ ʰʱʨʭʬʩʬʴ.
ʪʨʻʴʨʯʲʬʩʬʲʰ ʨʴ ʸ˄ʳʬʴʨʫʨˀʸʬʺʰʲʰ ʨʫʨʳʰʨʴʬʩʰ ʭʬʸ ˆʭʫʬʩʰʨʴ
ʰʴʫʰʭʰʫʻʨʲʻʸʰ ʨʺʵʳʻʸʰ ʹʻʲʰʹ ʹʨʵ˂ʨʸ ʯʭʰʹʬʩʬʩʹ, ʯʻʳ˂ʨ ʨʳʨʹ
ʪʨʴʳʨʸʺʨʭʹ ˂ʵʫʴʰʹ ʫʰʫʰ ʨʭʺʵʸʰʺʬʺʰ, ʸʵʳʬʲʰ˂ ʹʨʳʿʨʸʵʹ ʶʰʸʭʬʲ
ʳʱʭʰʫʸ ˂ʵ˂ˆʨʲ ʨʸʹʬʩʨʹ – ʩʸʨˈʳʨʹʨ˂ ʱʰ ʨʹ˄ʨʭʲʰʫʨ. ʳʵʭʲʬʴʬʩʮʬ ʻˆʬˀʰ
ʳʨʺʬʸʰʨʲʰʹʺʻʸʰ ˀʬˆʬʫʻʲʬʩʬʩʰʹ ʪʨʳʵ ʫʾʬʹ ʨʫʨʳʰʨʴʯʨ ʻʳʸʨʭʲʬʹʵʩʨʹ
ʭʬʸ˂ ˄ʨʸʳʵʻʫʪʬʴʰʨ – ʸʵʪʵʸ ˀʬʰ˃ʲʬʩʨ ʬʹʵʫʬʴ ʳ˂ʰʸʬ ʴʨ˄ʰʲʨʱʰ
ʬʸʯʫʸʵʻʲʨʫ ʰʿʵʹ ʨʹʬ ʫʰʫʰ˂ ʫʨ ʨʹʬ ʶʨʺʨʸʨ˂.

29

Tavi meore – gitas mokle Sinaarsi

ʪʨʳʵʫʰʹ, ʸʵʳ ˆʨʲˆʹ ʨʵ˂ʬʩʹ ʹʻʲʰ ʳˆʵʲʵʫ ʳʰʹʰ ʨʪʬʩʻʲʬʩʰʹ
ʨʾ˄ʬʸʰʲʵʩʰʹ ʪʨʳʵ. ʳʨʺʬʸʰʨʲʻʸʰ ʬʴʬʸʪʰʰʯ ʯʨʭʪʮʨʨʩʴʬʻʲʬʩʰ
ʰʳʫʬʴʨʫ ʨʸʰʨʴ ˁʨʼʲʻʲʴʰ ʪʸ˃ʴʵʩʨʯʨ ʫʨʱʳʨʿʵʼʰʲʬʩʰʹ ʳʵʸʬʭˀʰ, ʸʵʳ
ʯʭʰʯˀʬʳʬ˂ʴʬʩʰʹʨʯʭʰʹ ˃ʨʲʰʨʴ ˂ʵʺʨ ʫʸʵʾʨ ʸˁʬʩʨʯ; ʯʻʳ˂ʨ ʼʨʽʺʰʨ, ʸʵʳ
ʯʭʰʯʸʬʨʲʰʮʨ˂ʰʰʹ ʪʨʸʬˀʬ ʨʸʹʬʩʵʩʰʹʨʯʭʰʹ ʩʸ˃ʵʲʨˀʰ ʿʵʭʬʲʰ
ʹʨʽʳʰʨʴʵʩʨ ʳʨʸ˂ˆʰʯ ʳʯʨʭʸʫʬʩʨ.
ʴʻʯʻ, ʭʬʾʨʸ ʻʴʫʨ ˀʬʰʪʴʵʴ, ʸʵʳ ʨʫʨʳʰʨʴʳʨ ʹʻʲʮʬ ʻʴʫʨ ʰʼʰʽʸʵʹ ʫʨ
ʨʳʰʯ ʳʵʬʸʰʵʹ ʳʨʺʬʸʰʨʲʻʸ ʻʩʬʫʻʸʬʩʨʹ.
ʮʵʪʴʰ, ʸʵʳʬʲʯʨ˂ ʹʻʸʯ ʹʻʲʰʹ ˀʬʹʨˆʬʩ ʸʨʰʳʬ ʰ˂ʵʫʴʬʴ, ˀʬʰ˃ʲʬʩʨ
ˀʬʹʨʩʨʳʰʹ ˄ʸʬˀʰ ʫʨʬʹ˄ʸʵʴ ʹʶʬ˂ʰʨʲʻʸ ʲʬʽ˂ʰʬʩʹ, ʳʨʪʸʨʳ ʨʳ ʻʸʯʻʲʬʹʰ
ʹʨʱʰʯˆʰʹ ʪʨʹʨʪʬʩʨʫ ʳʵʻʳʮʨʫʬʩʬʲʴʰ ʺʿʻʭʫʬʩʰʨʴ, ʰˇʬʸʬʩʬʴ, ʸʵʳ
ʮʬʹʻʲʰ ʫʨ ʨʺʵʳʻʸʰ ʹʻʲʰ ʬʸʯʳʨʴʬʯʰʹʨʪʨʴ ʮʵʳʬʩʰʯ ʨʸ
ʪʨʴʹˆʭʨʭʫʬʩʰʨʴ. ˃ʨʲʰʨʴ ˃ʴʬʲʨʫ ʳʵʰ˃ʬʩʴʬʩʨ ʶʰʸʵʭʴʬʩʨ, ʸʵʳʬʲʹʨ˂
ʮʬʹʻʲʰʹʨ ʫʨ ʨʺʵʳʻʸʰ ʹʻʲʰʹ ʳʫʪʵʳʨʸʬʵʩʨ, ʫʨʴʰˀʴʻʲʬʩʬʩʰ,
ʻʸʯʰʬʸʯʵʩʬʩʰ ʫʨ ʿʵʭʬʲʰ ʫʰʫʰ ʯʻ ʳ˂ʰʸʬ ʫʬʺʨʲʰ ʹʸʻʲʿʵʼʰʲʨʫ
ʬʹʳʵʫʬʹ. ʱʰʫʬʭ ʻʼʸʵ ˃ʴʬʲʰʨ ʰʳ ʨʫʨʳʰʨʴʰʹ ʶʵʭʴʨ, ʸʵʳʬʲʳʨ˂ ʹʻʲʰʹ
ˀʬʹʨˆʬʩ ˂ʵʫʴʰʯ ʹʸʻʲʰ ʹʰʱʬʯʬ ˈʶʵʭʨ ʫʨ ʹʻʲ ʹˆʭʨʪʭʨʸʨʫ ˀʬʻ˃ʲʰʨ
ʹʻʲʰʹ ʫʨˆʨʹʰʨʯʬʩʨ. ʨʹʬʯʰ ʶʰʸʵʭʴʬʩʬʩʰʹ ˂ˆʵʭʸʬʩʨ ʳʨʸʨʫ ˄ʨʸʳʨʺʬʩʻʲʰ
ʰʽʴʬʩʨ.
ʹʻʲʰ ʪʨʪʬʩʰʹ ʻʨʫʭʰʲʬʹʰ ʪʮʨʨ, ʭʨʾʰʨʸʵʯ “ʩˈʨʪʨʭʨʫ-ʪʰʺʨʹ”
ˀʬʪʵʴʬʩʨʴʰ, ʸʨʹʨ˂ ʻʳʨʾʲʬʹʰ ʨʭʺʵʸʰʺʬʺʰ ʻʼʨʲʰ ʱʸʰˀʴʨ ʪʨʫʳʵʪʭ˂ʬʳʹ.
ʨʸʨʳ˂ ʫʨ ʨʸʨʳ˂ ʨʸ ʻʴʫʨ ˀʬʪʭʨ˂ʫʰʴʵʹ ʹˆʭʨ ʯʬʵʸʰʬʩʳʨ. ʹʨʴʨʳ ʨʫʨʳʰʨʴʰ
ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ ʻʮʬʴʨʬʹ ʾʭʯʨʬʩʸʰʭ ʶʰʸʵʭʴʬʩʨʫ ʨʾʰʨʸʬʩʨʹ ˀʬ˃ʲʬʩʫʬʹ, ʨʳ ʫʨ
˄ʰʴʨ ˂ˆʵʭʸʬʩʬʩˀʰ˂ ʸʯʻʲʰ ʬʶʰʯʰʳʰʬʩʰ ʻʴʫʨ ʪʨʰʨʸʵʹ,
ʳʹˆʭʬʸʶʲˀʬ˄ʰʸʭʬʩʰʹ ʫʰʫʰ ʪʨʳʵ˂ʫʰʲʬʩʨ ˀʬʰ˃ʰʴʵʹ.
ʻʼʲʰʹ ˅ʬˀʳʨʸʰʺʰ ʹʨˆʰʹ ˀʬ˂ʴʵʩʰʹ ʾʰʸʹʰ ˀʬʰ˃ʲʬʩʨ ʪʨˆʫʬʹ ʳˆʵʲʵʫ
ʳʰʹʰ ˄ʳʰʴʫʨ ʬʸʯʪʻʲʰ ʻʮʬʴʨʬʹʰʹʨʭʬ ʻʳʰʮʬʮʵ ˄ʿʨʲʵʩʰʯ. ʨʳʪʭʨʸʰ
ʾʰʸʹʽʳʴʰʹ ʹˆʭʨ ʪʮʨ ʨʸ ʨʸʹʬʩʵʩʹ!..
30) ʵ, ʩˈʨʸʨʺʨʹ ˀʯʨʳʵʳʨʭʨʲʵ, ˀʬʻ˃ʲʬʩʬʲʰʨ ʹʻʲʰʹ ʳʵʱʭʲʨ, ʯʻʳ˂ʨ ʰʪʰ
ʨʳ ʳʵʱʭʫʨʭ ʹˆʬʻʲˀʰ ˂ˆʵʭʸʵʩʹ. ʨʳʰʺʵʳ ʴʻʸ˂ ʬʸʯ ˂ʵ˂ˆʨʲ ʨʸʹʬʩʨʮʬ ʴʻ
ʰʫʨʸʫʬʩ.
ˀʰʴʨ-ʨʸʹʰ: ʨˆʲʨ ʻʼʨʲʹ ʪʨʳʵʨʽʭʹ ʰʳ ʯʨʭʰʹ ʫʨʹʱʭʴʨ, ʸʵʳʬʲˀʰ˂ ʳʨʸʨʫ
ʻ˂ʭʨʲʬʩʬʲʰ ʹʻʲʰʹ ˀʬʹʨˆʬʩ ʪʭʨʹ˄ʨʭʲʰʫʨ. ʳʰʹʰ ʫʨʹʨʩʻʯʬʩʰʯ, ʹʻʲʰ
ʻʱʭʫʨʭʰʨ ʫʨ ʹˆʬʻʲʰ ˄ʨʸʳʨʭʨʲʰ. ʨʳʰʺʵʳ ʨʸˇʻʴʨʳ, ʸʵʪʵʸ˂ ʽˀʨʺʸʰʨʳ, ʨʸ
ʻʴʫʨ ˀʬʨʽ˂ʰʵʹ ʮʻʸʪʰ ʯʨʭʰʹ ʳʵʭʨʲʬʵʩʨʹ ʰʳʰʹ ˀʰˀʰʯ, ʸʵʳ ʳʰʹʰ ʩʨʩʻʨ ʫʨ
ʳʨʹ˄ʨʭʲʬʩʬʲʰ, ʨʴʻ ʩˈʰˀʳʨ ʫʨ ʫʸʵʴʨ, ʩʸ˃ʵʲʨˀʰ ʳʰʹʰ ʳʨˆʭʰʲʰʯ
ʪʨʴʰʪʳʰʸʬʩʰʨʴ. ˀʸʰ ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ ʨʭʺʵʸʰʺʬʺʮʬ ʫʨʿʸʫʴʵʩʰʯ ʨʫʨʳʰʨʴʳʨ ʻʴʫʨ

30

Tavi meore – gitas mokle Sinaarsi

ʰʸ˄ʳʻʴʵʹ ʰʹ, ʸʵʳ ʨʸʹʬʩʵʩʹ ʹʻʲʰ – ʪʨʴʹˆʭʨʭʬʩʻʲʰ ʳʨʺʬʸʰʨʲʻʸʰ
ʹˆʬʻʲʰʹʨʪʨʴ, ʫʨ ʨʸʨ ʰʹ, ʸʵʳ ʨʸ ʨʸʹʬʩʵʩʹ ʹʻʲʰ; ʳʨʴ ʻʨʮʸʵʩʨʫ ʻʴʫʨ
ʳʰʰˁʴʰʵʹ, ʯʰʯʽʵʹ ʽʰʳʰʻʸ ʴʰʭʯʰʬʸʬʩʨʯʨ ʻʸʯʰʬʸʯʽʳʬʫʬʩʰʹ ˀʬʫʬʪʨʫ
ʳʨʺʬʸʰʨʲʻʸʰ ʹʰʳ˄ʰʼʰʹ ʪʨʸʱʭʬʻʲ ʹʺʨʫʰʨʮʬ ʹʰ˂ʵ˂ˆʲʰʹ ʴʰˀʴʬʩʰ
ʭʰʯʨʸʫʬʩʨ.
ʹʻʲʰ ʻʱʭʫʨʭʰʨ ʫʨ ʬʹ ˀʬʻʭʨʲʰ ˅ʬˀʳʨʸʰʺʬʩʨʨ, ʳʨʪʸʨʳ ʬʹ ʸ˄ʳʬʴʨ
˃ʨʲʳʵʳʸʬʵʩʰʹ, ʹˆʭʰʹʰ ʹʰ˂ʵ˂ˆʲʰʹ ˆʬʲʿʵʼʰʹ ʻʼʲʬʩʨʹ ʨʸ ʰ˃ʲʬʭʨ.
ʹʨʳʨʸʯʲʰʨʴʰ ʩʸ˃ʵʲʰʹ ʨʻ˂ʰʲʬʩʲʵʩʨʹ ʯʭʰʯ ʻʼʨʲʰ ʨʫʨʹʺʻʸʬʩʹ – ʬʹ
ʩʸ˃ʵʲʨ ʻʹʨʯʻʵʫ ʻʴʫʨ ˀʬʫʪʬʹ.
31) ˀʬʴʰ, ʸʵʪʵʸ˂ ʽˀʨʺʸʰʨʹ, ʪʨʴʹʨʱʻʯʸʬʩʻʲ ʳʵʭʨʲʬʵʩʨʮʬ ʼʰʽʸʰʹʨʹ
ʪʨˆʹʵʭʫʬʹ – ˀʬʴʯʭʰʹ ʨʸ ʨʸʹʬʩʵʩʹ ʰʳ ʩʸ˃ʵʲʨʮʬ ʻʱʬʯʬʹʰ ʹʨʽʳʰʨʴʵʩʨ,
ʸʵʳʬʲʰ˂ ʾʭʯʰʹ ʴʬʩʰʯ ʹʸʻʲʫʬʩʨ. ʴʻʾʨʸ ʿʵʭʴʫʬʩʰ, ˀʬʳʨʸʯʬ ʳʨˆʭʰʲʰ!
ˀʰʴʨ-ʨʸʹʰ: ʹʨʮʵʪʨʫʵʬʩʰʹ ʵʯˆʰ ʼʬʴʰʫʨʴ ʳʬʵʸʬ ʼʬʴʨʹ, ʸʵʳʬʲʹʨ˂
ʽʭʬʿʨʴʨʯʨ ʹ˄ʵʸʰ ʳʳʨʸʯʭʬʲʵʩʨ ʬʭʨʲʬʩʨ, ʽˀʨʺʸʰʨ ʬ˄ʵʫʬʩʨ. ʽˀʨʺ ʴʰˀʴʨʭʹ
ʮʰʨʴʹ. ʳʨʹ, ʭʰʴ˂ ʭʰʴʳʬʹ ʰ˂ʨʭʹ ʮʰʨʴʰʹʨʪʨʴ (ʺʸʨʰʨʺʨʬ – ʫʨ˂ʭʨ), ʽˀʨʺʸʰʨʫ
ʻˆʳʵʩʬʴ.
ʽˀʨʺʸʰʬʩʰ ˄ʭʸʯʴʨʹ ʺʿʬˀʰ ʪʨʫʰʨʴ ʫʨ ʱʭʲʨʹʨ˂ ʰʽ ʹ˄ʨʭʲʵʩʬʴ. ʰʹʰʴʰ
ʫʨˆʬʺʰʨʲʵʩʬʴ ʻʹʰʬʸ ʺʿʬˀʰ, ʬ˃ʰʬʩʬʴ ˆʰʼʨʯʹ, ʨ˄ʿʫʬʩʰʨʴ ʭʬʼˆʭʹ,
ʨʾʰʮʰʨʴʬʩʬʴ ʫʨ ʰ˄ʭʬʭʬʴ ʳʨʹ ʫʨ ˆʳʲʰʯ ʱʲʨʭʬʴ. ʨʹʬ ʳʵʱʲʻʲ ʭʬʼˆʭʹ
ʹʨʳʬʼʵ ˄ʬʹʰʯ ˄ʭʨʭʫʴʬʴ – ʨʳ ʨʫʨʯʹ ʫʾʬʹʨ˂ ʰ˂ʨʭʬʴ ˇʨʰʨʶʻʸʰʹ ˀʺʨʺʰʹ
ʽˀʨʺʸʰʨ ʳʬʼʬʬʩʰ.
ʽˀʨʺʸʰʬʩʰ ʹʨʪʨʴʪʬʩʵʫ ʰ˄ʭʸʯʴʬʩʵʫʴʬʴ ʩʸ˃ʵʲʨˀʰ ʳʵ˄ʰʴʨʨʾʳʫʬʪʰʹ
ʪʨʳʵ˄ʭʬʭʰʹʨ ʫʨ ʫʨʳʨʸ˂ˆʬʩʰʹ ˆʬʲʵʭʴʬʩʨˀʰ. ʬʹ ʫʨˀʭʬʩʻʲʰ ʰʿʵ ʾʭʯʰʹ
ʴʬʩʰʯ, ʸʨʫʪʨʴ ˃ʨʲʳʵʳʸʬʵʩʨ ˂ˆʵʭʸʬʩʨˀʰ ʮʵʪˇʬʸ ʨʻ˂ʰʲʬʩʬʲʰ
ˆʫʬʩʵʫʨ. ʨʳʸʰʪʨʫ, ʽˀʨʺʸʰʬʩʰʹ ʫʨʴʰˀʴʻʲʬʩʨ ʨʸʨʹʵʫʬʹ ʿʵʼʰʲʨ
ʹʨʴʰʨʹʨʹ, ʨʴʻ ʪʨʴʫʬʪʰʲʵʩʰʹ ˄ʬʹʰʯ ˂ˆʵʭʸʬʩʨ.
ʨʸʨ˃ʨʲʳʵʳʸʬʵʩʨ ʶʵʲʰʺʰʱʨˀʰ ʫʰʶʲʵʳʨʺʰʻʸ ʳʵʲʨʶʨʸʨʱʬʩʨʯʨ
ʹʨˀʻʨʲʬʩʰʯ ˆʵʸ˂ʰʬʲʫʬʩʨ, ʳʨʪʸʨʳ ʸʵ˂ʨ ʬʹ ʻʱʨʴʨʹʱʴʬʲʰ ʻ˃ʲʻʸʰ
ˆʫʬʩʨ, ʸʨʰʳʬ ʴʨʿʵʼʰ ʪʨʳʵʰʾʵʹ, ʫʨʳʴʨˀʨʭʬʹ – ʰʽʴʬʩʨ ʬʹ ʱʬʸ˃ʵ ʶʰʸʰ,
ʹʨʮʵʪʨʫʵʬʩʸʰʭʰ ˇʪʻʼʰ ʯʻ ʽʭʬʿʨʴʨ – ˃ʨʲʨ ʻʴʫʨ ʫʨʻʶʰʸʰʹʶʰʸʫʬʹ.
ʸʬʲʰʪʰʻʸ ʱʨʴʵʴʯʨ ˄ʰʪʴˀʰ ʴʨʯʽʭʨʳʰʨ:
“ʳʬʼʬ ʨʴ ʽˀʨʺʸʰʨ, ʸʵʳʬʲʰ˂ ʩʸ˃ʵʲʰʹ ʭʬʲʮʬ ʳʺʬʸ ʳʬʼʬʹ ʬʩʸ˃ʭʰʹ,
ʾʰʸʹʰʨ ʰʳʰʹʨ, ʸʵʳ ʹʰʱʭʫʰʲʰʹ ˀʬʳʫʬʪ ʮʬ˂ʰʻʸ ʶʲʨʴʬʺʨʮʬ ʨʳʨʾʲʫʬʹ,
ʳʹʪʨʭʹʨʫ ʰʳ ʩʸʨˈʳʨʴʰʹʨ, ʸʵʳʬʲʰ˂ ʹʨʳʹˆʭʬʸʶʲʵ ˂ʬ˂ˆʲˀʰ ˂ˆʵʭʬʲʯʨ
ˀʬ˄ʰʸʭʰʯ ʮʬ˂ʰʻʸ ʶʲʨʴʬʺʬʩʹ ʨʾ˄ʬʭʹ.”

31

Tavi meore – gitas mokle Sinaarsi

ʪʨʹʨʪʬʩʰʨ, ʸʵʳ ʸʬʲʰʪʰʻʸʰ ʶʸʰʴ˂ʰʶʬʩʰʹ ʱʭʨʲʵʩʨʮʬ ʩʸ˃ʵʲʰʹ ʭʬʲʮʬ
ʭʰʴʳʬʹ ʳʵʱʭʲʨ ʫʨ ʹʨʳʹˆʭʬʸʶʲʵ ˂ʬ˂ˆʲˀʰ ˂ˆʵʭʬʲʯʨ ˀʬ˄ʰʸʭʨ
˃ʨʲʳʵʳʸʬʵʩʨʫ ʨʸ ʰʯʭʲʬʩʨ, ʭʰʴʨʰʫʨʴ ʿʵʭʬʲʰʭʬʹ, ʸʨ˂ ʹˇʻʲʰʹʳʰʬʸʰʨ,
ʹʰʱʬʯʬ ʳʵʨʽʭʹ. ˀʬ˄ʰʸʻʲʰ ˂ˆʵʭʬʲʰ, ʹʨˆʬʵʩʰʫʨʴ ʹʨˆʬʵʩʨˀʰ
ʯʨʴʫʨʯʨʴʵʩʰʯʰ ʬʭʵʲʻ˂ʰʻʸʰ ʶʸʵ˂ʬʹʰʹ ʪʨʻʭʲʬʲʨʫ, ʻʳʨʲʭʬ
ʨʫʨʳʰʨʴʨʫ ʿʵʼʴʰʹ ʻʶʰʸʨʺʬʹʵʩʨʹ ʨʾ˄ʬʭʹ, ʩʸ˃ʵʲʰʹ ʭʬʲʮʬ ʳʵʱʲʻʲʰ
ʽˀʨʺʸʰʨ˂ ʮʬ˂ʰʻʸ ʶʲʨʴʬʺʬʩʮʬ ʳʨʾʲʫʬʩʨ ʰʹʬʭʬ, ʸʵʪʵʸ˂ ʩʸʨˈʳʨʴʰ,
ʨʾ˄ʬʭʹ ʨʳʨʹ ʳʹˆʭʬʸʶʲˀʬ˄ʰʸʭʰʹ ˀʬʹʸʻʲʬʩʰʯ.
ʨʸʹʬʩʵʩʹ ʵʸʰ ʹʨˆʰʹ ʹʭʨ-ʫˈʨʸʳʨ (ʪʨʴʹʨʱʻʯʸʬʩʻʲʰ ʳʵʭʨʲʬʵʩʨ).
ʪʨʴʯʨʭʰʹʻʼʲʬʩʨʳʫʬ ʨʫʨʳʰʨʴʳʨ ʸʬʲʰʪʰʻʸʰ ʶʸʰʴ˂ʰʶʬʩʰʹ ˀʬʹʨʩʨʳʰʹʨʫ
ʻʴʫʨ ˀʬʨʹʸʻʲʵʹ ʹʨʱʻʯʨʸ ʹˆʬʻʲʯʨʴ ʫʨʱʨʭˀʰʸʬʩʻʲʰ ʪʨʴʹʨʱʻʯʸʬʩʻʲʰ
ʳʵʭʨʲʬʵʩʬʩʰ, ʸʨʯʨ ˆʹʴʨʹ ʳʰʨʾ˄ʰʵʹ. ʨʳʰʹ ˀʬʳʫʬʪ ʹʭʨ-ʫˈʨʸʳʨ ʨʴʻ
ʹʶʬ˂ʰʼʰʱʻʸʰ ʳʵʭʨʲʬʵʩʨ ʹʻʲʰʬʸʬʩʨʹ ʰ˃ʬʴʹ ʫʨ ʹʨʪʴʵʩʸʰʭ ʹˆʬʻʲʯʨʴ
ʱʨʭˀʰʸʹ ˄ʿʭʬʺʹ. ʹʰ˂ʵ˂ˆʲʬʮʬ ʹˆʬʻʲʰʹʬʻʲʰ ʱʵʴ˂ʬʼ˂ʰʰʹ ʯʨʴʨˆʳʨʫ
ʨʸʹʬʩʵʩʹ ʩʸʨˈʳʨʴʯʨ ʫʨ ʽˀʨʺʸʰʨʯʨ ˀʬʹʨʩʨʳʰʹʰ ʪʨʴʹʨʱʻʯʸʬʩʻʲʰ
ʳʵʭʨʲʬʵʩʬʩʰ ʫʨ ˀʬʻ˃ʲʬʩʬʲʰʨ ʨʳ ʻʱʨʴʨʹʱʴʬʲʯʨʯʭʰʹ ʯʨʭʰʹ ʨʸʰʫʬʩʨ.
ʹʭʨ-ʫˈʨʸʳʨ ʻʼʲʰʹ ʫʨ˄ʬʹʬʩʻʲʰʨ (ʬʹ ʹʨʱʰʯˆʰ ʳʬʵʯˆʬ ʯʨʭˀʰ ʰʽʴʬʩʨ
ʪʨʴˆʰʲʻʲʰ). ʹˆʬʻʲʰʹ ʪʨʪʬʩʰʹ ʫʵʴʬʮʬ ʹʭʨ-ʫˈʨʸʳʨʹ ʬ˄ʵʫʬʩʨ
ʭʨʸʴʨˀʸʨʳʨ-ʫˈʨʸʳʨ, ʨʴʻ ʹʻʲʰʬʸʰ ˀʬʳʬ˂ʴʬʩʰʹ ʪʮʰʯ ʨʫʨʳʰʨʴʰʹʨʯʭʰʹ
ʫʨˆʳʨʸʬʩʨ.
ʨʫʨʳʰʨʴʯʨ ˂ʰʭʰʲʰʮʨ˂ʰʨ ʰ˄ʿʬʩʨ ʭʨʸʴʨˀʸʨʳʨ-ʫˈʨʸʳʨʹ ʹʨʼʬˆʻʸʰʫʨʴ, ʨʴʻ
ʰʳ ʳʵʭʨʲʬʵʩʬʩʰʹ ˀʬʹʸʻʲʬʩʰʫʨʴ, ʸʵʳʬʲʰ˂ ˀʬ˃ʬʴʰʲʰ ʹˆʬʻʲʰʹʨʯʭʰʹ
ʫʨʳʨˆʨʹʰʨʯʬʩʬʲʰ ʩʻʴʬʩʰʹ ʳʵʫʻʹʬʩʹ ˀʬʬʹʨʩʨʳʬʩʨ. ʳʨʾʨʲʰ
ʨʭʺʵʸʰʺʬʺʬʩʰʹ ʳʰʯʰʯʬʩʨʯʨ ʯʨʴʨˆʳʨʫ, ʳʵʾʭʨ˄ʬʵʩʰʹ ʴʬʩʰʹʳʰʬʸ
ʹʼʬʸʵˀʰ ʹʨʱʻʯʨʸʰ ʳʵʭʨʲʬʵʩʰʹ ˀʬʹʸʻʲʬʩʨ ʨʫʨʳʰʨʴʹ ʬˆʳʨʸʬʩʨ, ʳʰʨʾ˄ʰʵʹ
ʹʰ˂ʵ˂ˆʲʰʹ ʳʨʾʨʲ ʹʨʼʬˆʻʸʹ.
32) ʵ, ʶʨʸʯˈʨ, ʩʬʫʴʰʬʸ ʨʸʰʨʴ ʽˀʨʺʸʰʬʩʰ – ʳʨʯ, ʸʵʪʵʸ˂ ˄ʿʨʲʵʩʨ,
ʬ˃ʲʬʭʨʯ ʩʸ˃ʵʲʰʹ ʰʹʬʯʰ ˀʬʹʨ˃ʲʬʩʲʵʩʨ, ʸʵʳʬʲʰ˂ ʳʨʯ ʮʬ˂ʰʻʸʰ
ʶʲʨʴʬʺʬʩʰʹʱʬʴ ʻˆʹʴʰʹ ʪʮʨʹ.
ˀʰʴʨ-ʨʸʹʰ: ʸʵʪʵʸ˂ ʱʨ˂ʵʩʸʰʵʩʰʹ ʻʳʨʾʲʬʹʰ ʳʵ˃ʾʭʨʸʰ, ʻʼʨʲʰ ʱʸʰˀʴʨ
ʪʳʵʩʹ ʨʸˇʻʴʨʹ ʶʵʮʰ˂ʰʨʹ, ʸʵʳʬʲʰ˂ ʨʳʩʵʩʫʨ: “ʬʹ ʩʸ˃ʵʲʨ ˁʭʬʴ ʱʨʸʪʹ
ʨʸʨʼʬʸʹ ʪʭʰʽʨʫʰʹ – ʹʨʳʻʫʨʳʵʫ ˇʵˇʵˆʬʯˀʰ ʳʰʪʭʰˁʬʴʹ ʹʨʳʿʵʼʬʲʹ.”
ʨʸˇʻʴʨʹ ʬʹ ʪʨʴ˂ˆʨʫʬʩʨ ʳˆʵʲʵʫ ʳʰʹʰ ʻʪʻʴʻʸʬʩʰʹ ʴʨʿʵʼʰ ʰʿʵ. ʳʨʹ
ʹʻʸʫʨ ˀʬʬʹʸʻʲʬʩʰʴʨ ʳʵʭʨʲʬʵʩʨ, ʵʾʵʴʫ ˃ʨʲʨʫʵʩʰʹʨ ʫʨ
ʹʰʹˆʲʰʹʾʭʸʰʹ ʪʨʸʬˀʬ. ʨʳʨʹ ʱʰ ʽˀʨʺʸʰʨ ʭʬʸ ʳʵʨˆʬʸˆʬʩʹ, ʸʨʫʪʨʴ ʵʳˀʰ
˃ʨʲʰʹ ʪʨʳʵʻʿʬʴʬʩʲʵʩʨ ˀʬʻʯʨʭʹʬʩʬʲʰʨ ʳʰʹ ʳʸʨʭʨʲʹʨʻʱʻʴʵʭʨʴ,
ʸʬʲʰʪʰʻʸ ʱʨʴʵʴʬʩʰʯ ʫʨʫʪʰʴʬʩʻʲ ʳʵʭʨʲʬʵʩʨʹʯʨʴ.

32

Tavi meore – gitas mokle Sinaarsi

ʫʰʫʰ ʹ˄ʨʭʲʻʲʰʹ, ʭʰʨʹʨʫʬʭʨʹ ʳʨʳʰʹ – ʶʨʸʨˀʨʸʨʹ ʳʰʬʸ ʫʨ˄ʬʹʬʩʻʲ
ʸʬʲʰʪʰʻʸ ʱʨʴʵʴʯʨ ˄ʰʪʴˀʰ – “ʶʨʸʨˀʨʸʨ-ʹʳʸʰʺʰˀʰ”, ʴʨʯʽʭʨʳʰʨ:
“ʽˀʨʺʸʰʨʹ ʳʵʭʨʲʬʵʩʨʨ ʳʵʽʨʲʨʽʬʯʨ ʫʨ˂ʭʨ ʿʵʭʬʲʪʭʨʸʰ
ʪʨʴʹʨ˂ʫʬʲʰʹʨʪʨʴ ʫʨ ʨʳ ʳʰʮʴʰʹ ʨʾʹʸʻʲʬʩʰʹ ʪʮʨʮʬ ʹʨ˅ʰʸʵ
˃ʨʲʳʵʳʸʬʵʩʨʹʨ˂ ʻʴʫʨ ʳʰʳʨʸʯʵʹ, ʸʨʯʨ ʱʨʴʵʴʰ ʨʾʨʹʸʻʲʵʹ ʫʨ ʽʭʬʿʨʴʨˀʰ
˄ʬʹʸʰʪʰ ʻʮʸʻʴʭʬʲʿʵʹ. ʨʳʰʺʵʳʨ˂ ʳʵʬʯˆʵʭʬʩʨ, ʰʲʨˀʽʸʵʹ, ʫʨʰʶʿʸʵʹ
ʳʺʸʻʲʨʫ ʪʨʴ˄ʿʵʩʰʲʰ ʽʭʬʿʴʬʩʰ, ʹ˃ʲʰʵʹ ʳʵ˄ʰʴʨʨʾʳʫʬʪʬʹ – ʳʬʼʬ ʰʽʴʬʩʨ
ʰʪʰ ʯʻ ʳʬʵʳʨʸʰ ʫʨ ʸʬʲʰʪʰʻʸʰ ʶʸʰʴ˂ʰʶʬʩʰʯ ʳʨʸʯʵʹ ʽʭʬʿʨʴʨ.”
ʿʵʭʬʲʰʭʬ ʨʳʰʹ ʪʨʯʭʨʲʰʹ˄ʰʴʬʩʰʹ ˀʬʳʫʬʪ ʨʸˇʻʴʨʹ ʨʾʨʸ ʸˁʬʩʵʫʨ
ʩʸ˃ʵʲʰʫʨʴ ʯʨʭʰʹ ʨʸʰʫʬʩʰʹ ʰʵʺʰʹʵʫʬʴʰ ʳʰʮʬʮʰ˂ ʱʰ: ʯʻ ʳʺʬʸʹ
ʫʨʨʳʨʸ˂ˆʬʩʫʨ, ˃ʨʲʨʻʼʲʬʩʰʯ ʫʨʺʱʩʬʩʵʫʨ; ʯʻ ʵʳˀʰ ʹʰʱʭʫʰʲʰ ʬ˄ʬʸʨ,
ʮʬ˂ʰʻʸ ʶʲʨʴʬʺʨʯʨ ʱʨʸʰʩ˅ʬʴʰ ʳʰʹʯʭʰʹ ʼʨʸʯʵʫ ʪʨʴʰˆʳʬʩʵʫʨ ʫʨ
ʹʨʳʨʸʨʫʷʨʳʵ ʴʬʺʨʸʬʩʨʹ ʬʮʰʨʸʬʩʵʫʨ.
33) ʳʨʪʸʨʳ ʯʻʱʰ ʩʸ˃ʵʲʰʹ ʹˇʻʲʰʹʳʰʬʸ ʭʨʲʹ ʮʻʸʪʹ ˀʬʨʽ˂ʬʭ, ʻʱʻʨʪʫʬʩ
ʹʨʱʻʯʨʸʰ ʫʨʴʰˀʴʻʲʬʩʰʹ ʨʾʹʸʻʲʬʩʰʹ ʨʻ˂ʰʲʬʩʲʵʩʨʹ, ˂ʵʫʭʬʩʰʯ
ʫʨʳ˃ʰʳʬʩʻʲʰ ʳʬʵʳʸʰʹ ʹʨˆʬʲʹʨ˂ ˄ʨʰˆʫʬʴ.
ˀʰʴʨ-ʨʸʹʰ: ʨʸˇʻʴʨ ʪʨʴʯʽʳʻʲʰ ʳʬʵʳʨʸʰ ʰʿʵ, ʳʸʨʭʨʲ ʫʰʨʫ
ʴʨˆʬʭʨʸʾʳʬʸʯʯʨʴ ʪʨʳʵʹ˂ʨʫʨ ʯʨʭʰʹʰ ˃ʨʲʪʻʲʵʭʴʬʩʨ. ʳʨʸʺʵ ˀʰʭʨʹʯʨʴ
ʩʸ˃ʵʲʨˀʰ ʳʵˆʭʬ˅ʰʲʰ ʹʨˆʬʲʰ ʸʨʫ ʾʰʸʫʨ!
ʬʸʯˆʬʲ ʳʵʴʨʫʰʸʰʹ ʺʨʴʹʨ˂ʳʬʲˀʰ ʪʨʳʵ˄ʿʵʩʰʲ ʻʼʨʲ ˀʰʭʨʹ ˀʬʬʸʱʰʴʨ
ʨʸˇʻʴʨ ʫʨ ʫʨʨʳʨʸ˂ˆʨ ʱʰʫʬ˂. ʳʰʹʰ ʭʨʷʱʨ˂ʵʩʰʯ ʴʨʹʰʨʳʵʭʴʬʩʳʨ ˀʰʭʨʳ
ʹʨˁʻʽʸʨʫ ʰʨʸʨʾʰ – ʶʨˀʻʶʨʺʨ-ʨʹʺʸʨ ʻʩʵ˃ʨ. ʫʸʵʴʨˁʨʸʰʨʳʨ˂ ʫʨʲʵ˂ʨ ʳʰʹʰ
ʻʫʸʬʱʰ ʳʬʵʳʸʻʲʰ ˀʬʳʨʸʯʬʩʨ ʫʨ ʲʵ˂ʭʨʹ ʹʨˁʻʽʸʨʫ ʪʨʴʹʨʱʻʯʸʬʩʻʲʰ
ʰʨʸʨʾʰ ʳʰʨʿʵʲʨ, ʸʰʯʨ˂ ʨʸˇʻʴʨʹ ʹʨʱʻʯʨʸʰ ʳʵ˃ʾʭʸʰʹ ʳʵʱʭʲʨ˂ ˀʬʬ˃ʲʵ.
ʳʸʨʭʨʲʳʨ ʨʭʺʵʸʰʺʬʺʻʲʳʨ ʶʰʸʳʨ, ʯʭʰʯ ʮʬ˂ʰʻʸʰ ʹʨʳʿʨʸʵʹ
ʳʩʸ˃ʨʴʬʩʬʲʳʨ ʰʴʫʸʨʳʨ˂ ʨʾʰʨʸʨ ʨʸˇʻʴʨʹ ʹʨʳˆʬʫʸʵ ʫʰʫʵʹʺʨʺʵʩʨ.
ʳʨʪʸʨʳ ʳʰʹ ʨʳ ˃ʲʬʭʨʳʵʹʰʲ ʹʨˆʬʲʹ ʨˆʲʨ ʹʨʼʸʯˆʬ ʫʨʻʳʻʽʸʨ – ʯʻ
ʩʸ˃ʵʲʰʹ ʭʬʲʹ ʳʰʨʺʵʭʬʩʫʨ, ʨʳʰʯ ʨʸʨʫ ˁʨʨʪʫʬʩʫʨ ʯʨʭʰʹ ʳʵʭʨʲʬʵʩʨʹ,
ʹʨˆʬʲʹʨ ʫʨ ʫʰʫʬʩʨʹʨ˂ ʽʨʸʹ ʪʨʨʺʨʴʫʨ. ʨʳʰʯ ˇʵˇʵˆʬʯʰʹ ˂ʬ˂ˆʲˀʰ
ʺʨʴˇʭʰʹʨʱʬʴ ʪʮʨ ʪʨˆʹʴʰʲʰ ʰʿʵ, ʹʨʰʯʨ˂ ʰʪʰ ˂ʵʫʭʬʩʰʯ ʫʨʳ˃ʰʳʬʩʻʲʰ
˄ʨʭʰʫʵʫʨ ʨʸʨ ʩʸ˃ʵʲʰʹ, ʨʸʨʳʬʫ ʩʸ˃ʵʲʨʮʬ ʻʨʸʰʹ ʯʽʳʰʹ ʪʨʳʵ.
34) ˆʨʲˆʰ ʳʨʸʨʫ ˀʬʴ ˀʬʸ˂ˆʭʬʴʨʮʬ ʰʨʲʨʶʨʸʨʱʬʩʹ; ʹʨˆʬʲʵʭʨʴ ʨʫʨʳʰʨʴʹ ʱʰ
ʴʨ˃ʸʨˆ ʹʰ˂ʵ˂ˆʲʬʹ ʹʰʱʭʫʰʲʰ ʻˇʵʩʹ.
ˀʰʴʨ-ʨʸʹʰ: ʸʵʪʵʸ˂ ʳʬʪʵʩʨʸʹʨ ʫʨ ʼʰʲʵʹʵʼʵʹʹ, ʻʼʨʲ ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ
ʨʸˇʻʴʨʹʨʯʭʰʹ ʹʨʩʵʲʵʵ ʪʨʴʨˁʬʴʰ ʪʨʳʵʨʽʭʹ: “ʨʸˇʻʴʨ, ʯʻʱʰ ʵʳʰʹ

33

Tavi meore – gitas mokle Sinaarsi

ʫʨ˄ʿʬʩʨʳʫʬ ʩʸ˃ʵʲʰʹ ʭʬʲʹ ʳʰʨʺʵʭʬʩ, ˆʨʲˆʰ ʪʻʲʫʬʫʨʲ ʽˀʨʺʸʰʨʫ
ʳʵʪʴʨʯʲʨʭʹ. ʰʽʴʬʩ ˀʬʴʯʭʰʹ ʹʻʲ ʬʸʯʰʨ, ˀʯʨʳʵʳʨʭʲʵʩʨ ʨʻʪʨʫ
ʳʵʪʰˆʹʬʴʰʬʩʹ ʯʻ ʨʸʨ. ʰʽʴʬʩ ʼʰʽʸʵʩ, ʸʵʳ ʩʸ˃ʵʲʰʹ ʭʬʲʰʫʨʴ ʪʨʽ˂ʬʭʰʯ
ʹʨʱʻʯʨʸ ʹʰ˂ʵ˂ˆʲʬʹ ʰˆʹʴʰ?! ʪʰˇʵʩʹ ʩʸ˃ʵʲʨˀʰ ʳʵʱʭʫʬ. ˀʬʴʴʨʰʸʰ
ʶʨʺʰʭʫʬʩʻʲʰ ʨʫʨʳʰʨʴʰʹʯʭʰʹ ʹʨˆʬʲʰʹ ˄ʨˆʫʬʴʨ ʹʰʱʭʫʰʲʮʬ ʻʨʸʬʹʰʨ.
ʨʳʰʺʵʳ ʹʰʱʭʫʰʲʹ ʨʸ ʻʴʫʨ ʪʨʬʽ˂ʬ; ʰʨʸʨʾʰʯ ˆʬʲˀʰ ʻʴʫʨ ʫʨʬ˂ʬ. ʯʻ
ˁʬʳʯʨʴ ʳʬʪʵʩʸʵʩʨʹ ʨʸʨʹ˄ʵʸʨʫ ʪʨʳʵʰʿʬʴʬʩ, ʬʹ ʹʰʸ˂ˆʭʰʲʹ ʳʵʪʰʺʨʴʹ ʫʨ
ʹʨʽʭʬʿʴʵʫ ʹʨˆʬʲʹ ˄ʨʪʰˆʫʬʴʹ.”
ʨʳʸʰʪʨʫ, ʻʼʨʲʳʨ ʨʸˇʻʴʨʹ ʹʨʩʵʲʵʵ ʪʨʴʨˁʬʴʨʫ ʻʱʨʴ ʫʨˆʬʭʰʹ ʴʨ˂ʭʲʨʫ
ʩʸ˃ʵʲʨˀʰ ʹʰʱʭʫʰʲʰ ʪʨʳʵʻʺʨʴʨ.
35) ʹʨˆʬʲʪʨʴʯʽʳʻʲʰ ʳˆʬʫʨʸʯʳʯʨʭʸʬʩʰ, ˀʬʴʰ ʹʨˆʬʲʰʹʨ ʫʨ ʫʰʫʬʩʰʹ
ʯʨʿʭʨʴʰʹʳ˂ʬʳʬʲʴʰ, ʰʼʰʽʸʬʩʬʴ, ʸʵʳ ʳˆʵʲʵʫ ʲʨˁʸʵʩʨʳ ʫʨʪʸʰʨ ˆʬʲʰ ʫʨ
ʫʨʪʨʺʵʭʬʩʰʴʨ ʩʸ˃ʵʲʰʹ ʭʬʲʰ. ʾʰʸʹʬʩʨˀʬʲʨˆʻʲʹ ʭʬʾʨʸʨʼʬʸʰ
ʪʰˀʭʬʲʰʹ.
ˀʰʴʨ-ʨʸʹʰ: ʻʼʨʲʰ ʱʸʰˀʴʨ ʨʪʸ˃ʬʲʬʩʹ ʨʸˇʻʴʨʹʨʯʭʰʹ ʪʨʴʨˁʬʴʰʹ ʪʨʳʵʺʨʴʨʹ:
“ʴʻ ʪʪʵʴʰʨ, ʸʵʳ ʰʹʬʯʰ ʫʰʨʫʰ ʳˆʬʫʨʸʯʳʯʨʭʸʬʩʰ, ʸʵʪʵʸʬʩʰ˂ ʨʸʰʨʴ
ʫʻʸʰʵʫˈʨʴʨ, ʱʨʸʴʨ ʫʨ ʳʨʯʰ ʯʨʴʨʳʬʫʸʵʭʬʴʰ, ʰʼʰʽʸʬʩʬʴ, ʸʵʳ ʩʸ˃ʵʲʰʹ
ʭʬʲʰ ˃ʳʬʩʰʹʨ ʫʨ ʩʨʩʻʰʹʨʫʳʰ ʹʰʩʸʨʲʻʲʳʨ ʳʰʪʨʺʵʭʬʩʰʴʨ. ʨʸʨ, ʰʹʰʴʰ
ˁʨʯʭʲʰʨʴ, ʸʵʳ ʹʨʱʻʯʨʸʰ ʹʰ˂ʵ˂ˆʲʰʹ ʹʨʼʸʯˆʬʹ ʪʨʬʽʬ˂ʰ ʫʨ
ʾʰʸʹʬʩʨʨʿʸʰʲʹ ʨʾʨʸʨʭʰʴ ʳʵʪʨʪʬʩʹ ʶʨʺʰʭʹ.”
36) ʳʺʸʬʩʹ ʶʰʸʹ ʭʬʸ ʨʻʱʸʨʭ – ʲʨʼˀʰ ʨʳʵʹʭʸʰʨʴ ˀʬʴ ʹʨˆʬʲʹ ʫʨ ʨʩʻˁʨʫ
ʨʰʪʫʬʩʬʴ ˀʬʴ ʭʨʷʱʨ˂ʵʩʨʹ. ʸʨ ʳʵʪʨʿʬʴʬʩʹ ʨʳʨʮʬ ʳ˄ʨʸʬ ʺʨʴˇʭʨʹ?!
ˀʰʴʨ-ʨʸʹʰ: ʯʨʭʫʨʶʰʸʭʬʲʨʫ ʻʼʨʲʰ ʱʸʰˀʴʨ ʪʨʨʱʭʰʸʭʨ ʴʨʯʬʹʨʭʯʨ ʳʰʳʨʸʯ
ʨʸˇʻʴʨʹ ʻʨʫʪʰʲʵ ʯʨʴʨʪʸ˃ʴʵʩʨʳ ʫʨ ʬʹ ʨʸʰʬʲʰʹʨʯʭʰʹ ˀʬʻʼʬʸʬʩʬʲ
ʹʨʽ˂ʰʬʲʨʫ ʳʰʰˁʴʰʨ. ˀʬʳʫʬʪ ʳʸʨʭʨʲʳˆʸʰʭ ʫʨʻʳʺʱʰ˂ʨ ʳʨʹ ʳʰʹʰ
ʪʻʲˁʭʰʲʵʩʰʹ ʻʨʮʸʵʩʨ.
37) ʵ, ʱʻʴʺʰʹ ˀʭʰʲʵ, ˀʬʴ ʨʽ – ʨʳ ʩʸ˃ʵʲʰʹ ʭʬʲʮʬ ʳʵʱʭʫʬʩʰ ʫʨ ʮʬ˂ʰʻʸ
ʶʲʨʴʬʺʬʩʹ ˀʬʻʬʸʯʫʬʩʰ, ʨʴ ʳʰ˄ʰʬʸ ʳʬʻʼʬʩʨʹ ʫʨʬʶʨʺʸʵʴʬʩʰ ʫʨ
ʪʨʴ˂ˆʸʵʳʨʹ ʳʰʬ˂ʬʳʰ. ʨʳʰʺʵʳ ʪʨʹʨʲʱʫʬʭʫʰ, ʨʰʾʬ ʳʨˆʭʰʲʰ ʫʨ ʳʺʬʸʹ
ˀʬʬʩʰ.
ˀʰʴʨ-ʨʸʹʰ: ʳʰʻˆʬʫʨʭʨʫ ʰʳʰʹʨ, ʸʵʳ ʨʸˇʻʴʨʹ ʪʨʳʨʸˇʭʬʩʨ ʹʨʬ˅ʭʵ ʰʿʵ, ʳʨʰʴ˂
ʭʨʲʫʬʩʻʲʰ ʰʿʵ, ʬʩʸ˃ʵʲʨ. ʯʻ ʳʺʸʰʹ ʳʨˆʭʰʲʰʯ ʪʨʰʪʳʰʸʬʩʵʫʨ,
ʳʰʹʯʭʰʹ ʮʬ˂ʰʻʸʰ ʶʲʨʴʬʺʬʩʰʹʨʱʬʴ ʪʮʨ ˆʹʴʰʲʰ ʰʿʵ ʨʳʨʾʲʬʩʰʹ
ʫʨʹʨʳʱʭʰʫʸʬʩʲʨʫ.

34

Tavi meore – gitas mokle Sinaarsi

38) ʳʵʰʱʸʰʩʬ ʳˆʴʬʵʩʨ, ʴʻ ʰʼʰʽʸʬʩ ʩʬʫʴʰʬʸʬʩʨ-ʻʩʬʫʻʸʬʩʨʮʬ, ʮʨʸʨʲʹʨ
ʯʻ ʳʵʪʬʩʨʮʬ, ʪʨʳʨʸˇʭʬʩʨʹʨ ʯʻ ʳʨʸ˂ˆʮʬ ʫʨ ʰʩʸ˃ʵʲʬ, ʰʩʸ˃ʵʲʬ... ʨʳ
ʪʮʰʯ ʨʸʨʹʵʫʬʹ ʫʨʰʫʬʩ ˂ʵʫʭʨʹ.
ˀʰʴʨ-ʨʸʹʰ: ʨˆʲʨ ʻʼʨʲʰ ʱʸʰˀʴʨ ʶʰʸʫʨʶʰʸ ʨ˂ˆʨʫʬʩʹ, ʸʵʳ ʨʸˇʻʴʨʳ ʻʴʫʨ
ʰʩʸ˃ʵʲʵʹ, ʸʨʱʰ ʳʰʹʰ ʳʵʭʨʲʬʵʩʰʹ ʶʰʸʻʯʭʴʬʲʨʫ ˀʬʹʸʻʲʬʩʰʹʨʯʭʰʹ
ʨʻ˂ʰʲʬʩʬʲʰʨ ʩʸ˃ʵʲʨ. ʩʸ˃ʵʲʨ ʩʸ˃ʵʲʰʹʨʯʭʰʹ – ʨʹʬʯʰʨ ʻʼʨʲʰ ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ
ʴʬʩʨ. ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ ˂ʴʵʩʰʬʸʬʩʨˀʰ ʳʵʽʳʬʫʬʩʰʹʨʹ ʻʴʫʨ ʪʨʳʵʰʸʰ˂ˆʵʹ ʼʰʽʸʰ
ʩʬʫʴʰʬʸʬʩʨʹʨ ʫʨ ʻʩʬʫʻʸʬʩʨʮʬ, ʳʵʪʬʩʨʹʨ ʫʨ ʮʨʸʨʲʮʬ, ʪʨʳʨʸˇʭʬʩʨʹʨ ʫʨ
ʳʨʸ˂ˆʮʬ – ʿʭʬʲʨʼʬʸʰ ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ ʴʬʩʰʹʨʳʬʩʸ ʻʴʫʨ ʨʾʹʸʻʲʫʬʹ – ʨʰ, ʬʹ ʨʸʰʹ
ʺʸʨʴʹ˂ʬʴʫʬʴʺʻʸʰ ˂ʴʵʩʰʬʸʬʩʨ. ʨʳ ˀʬʳʯˆʭʬʭʨˀʰ ʳʨʺʬʸʰʨʲʻʸʰ
ʳʵʽʳʬʫʬʩʬʩʰʹ ˀʬʫʬʪʬʩʰ ʪʨʳʵʸʰ˂ˆʻʲʰʨ. ʭʰʴ˂ ʹʨʱʻʯʨʸ ʪʸ˃ʴʵʩʬʩʹ ʳʵʴʨʫ
ʫʨʹʫʪʵʳʰʨ ʫʨ ʳʨʯ ʫʨʹʨʱʳʨʿʵʼʰʲʬʩʲʨʫ ʰʾ˄ʭʰʹ – ʭʴʬʩʰʹ ʳʵʫʻʹˀʰ
ʰʽʴʬʩʨ, ʯʻ ʹʨʯʴʵʬʩʰʹ – ʻʹʨʯʻʵʫ ʳʰʬʪʬʩʨ ʳʰʹʨʪʬʩʰ, ʱʨʸʪʰ ʨʴ ˂ʻʫʰ. ʰʹ
ʱʰ, ʭʰʴ˂ ʳʯʲʰʨʴʨʫ ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ ˂ʴʵʩʰʬʸʬʩʨˀʰ ʫʨʰʪʻʲʭʨ ʯʨʭʰ,
ʯʨʭʰʹʻʼʨʲʰʨ, ʳʰʹʰ ʿʵʭʬʲʪʭʨʸʰ ʳʵʸˁʰʲʬʩʰʹ ʱʰʸʯʬʩʰ ʫʨʳʹˆʭʸʬʻʲʰʨ.
ʳʰ˄ʰʬʸ ʪʨ˄ʨʳʨ˄ʰʨˀʰ ˁʨʼʲʻʲʰ ʨʫʨʳʰʨʴʰʹʨʪʨʴ ʪʨʴʹˆʭʨʭʬʩʰʯ, ʰʪʰ ʻʱʭʬ
ʨʾʨʸʨʭʰʹʰ ʳʵʭʨʲʬ ʨʸ ʨʸʰʹ ʨʳʽʭʬʿʴʨʫ.
ʴʨʯʽʭʨʳʰʨ: (˂ʰʺʨʺʨ)
“ʭʰʴ˂ ʩʵʲʵʳʫʬ ʳʰʬʴʫʵ ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ, ʻʨʸʰ ʯʽʭʨ ʿʭʬʲʨ ʹˆʭʨ
ʭʨʲʫʬʩʻʲʬʩʨʮʬ, ʨʾʨʸʨʭʰʹ ˄ʰʴʨˀʬʨ ʳʵʭʨʲʬ – ʨʸ˂ ʴʨˆʬʭʨʸʾʳʬʸʯʬʩʰʹ, ʨʸ˂
ʩʸ˃ʬʴ-ʳʵ˃ʾʭʨʸʯʨ, ʨʸ˂ ˆʨʲˆʰʹ, ʨʸ˂ ʹʨʮʵʪʨʫʵʬʩʰʹ ʫʨ ʨʸ˂
˄ʰʴʨʶʸʬʩʰʹ”,(ʩˈʨʪ.11.5.41).
ʳʵ˂ʬʳʻʲ ʲʬʽʹˀʰ ʱʸʰˀʴʨ ʳˆʵʲʵʫ ʮʵʪʨʫʨʫ ʻˆʹʴʰʹ ʨʸˇʻʴʨʹ ʹʨʱʰʯˆʹ,
ʸʨʹʨ˂ ʳʵʳʫʬʭʴʵ ʯʨʭʬʩˀʰ ʻʼʸʵ ʳʵʬʼʰʴʬʩʨ ʴʨʯʬʲʰ.
39) ʨʽʨʳʫʬ ʬʹ ˂ʵʫʴʨ ʪʨʳʵ˄ʭʲʰʲʭʰʯ ʳʵʪʨ˄ʵʫʬ, ˀʬʪʵʴʬʩʰʯʨ ʫʨ ʪʨʴʹˇʰʯ
ʪʨʫʳʵʪʬ˂ʰ. ʨˆʲʨ ʨʳ ʹ˄ʨʭʲʬʩʨʹ ʱʨʸʳʰʻʲʰ ˀʬʫʬʪʬʩʰʹʨʪʨʴ ʯʨʭʰʹʻʼʨʲʰ
ˀʸʵʳʰʹ ʨˆʹʴʰʯ ʪʨʪʨʪʬʩʰʴʬʩ. ʵ, ʶʨʸʯˈʨʹ ˀʭʰʲʵ, ʨʳʪʭʨʸʰ ʹʰʩʸ˃ʴʰʯ
ʪʵʴʬʩʨʪʨʴʨʯʬʩʻʲʰ ʰʾʭʨ˄ʬʩ ʫʨ ʳʰ˄ʰʬʸʰ ʹʨʽʳʰʨʴʵʩʰʹ ʳʨʸ˄ʻˆʬʩʰʫʨʴ
ʪʨʴʯʨʭʰʹʻʼʲʫʬʩʰ.
ˀʰʴʨ-ʨʸʹʰ: “ʴʰʸʻʽʺʰʹ”, ʨʴʻ ʭʬʫʻʸʰ ʲʬʽʹʰʱʵʴʰʹ ʳʰˆʬʫʭʰʯ, ʹʨʴʽˈʰʨ
ʴʰˀʴʨʭʹ ʳʵʭʲʬʴʬʩʰʹ ʫʨ˄ʭʸʰʲʬʩʰʯ ʨʾ˄ʬʸʨʹ. ʰʪʰ, ʨʪʸʬʯʭʬ, ʬˆʬʩʨ
ʳʵ˃ʾʭʸʬʩʨʹ, ʸʵʳʬʲʰ˂ ʹʻʲʰʹ ˅ʬˀʳʨʸʰʺ ʩʻʴʬʩʨʹ ʪʨʴʳʨʸʺʨʭʹ; ʰʵʪʨ ʱʰ
ʪʸ˃ʴʵʩʨʯʨ ʳʨʸʯʭʨʹ ʪʻʲʰʹˆʳʵʩʹ.
ʨʸˇʻʴʨʹ ʪʨʴʮʸʨˆʭʨ – ˆʬʲʰ ʨʬʾʵ ʩʸ˃ʵʲʨʮʬ – ʪʸ˃ʴʵʩʨʯʨ ʪʨʳʵ˃ʨˆʰʲʰ
ʰʿʵ. ʫʨʰʭʰ˄ʿʨ ʸʨ ʯʨʭʰʹʰ ʻʶʰʸʭʬʲʬʹʰ ʳʵʭʨʲʬʵʩʨ, ʻʨʸʰ ʯʽʭʨ ʵʳʮʬ ʰʳ

35

Tavi meore – gitas mokle Sinaarsi

ʸ˄ʳʬʴʰʯ, ʸʵʳ ˃ʳʬʩʰʹʨ ʫʨ ʩʰ˃ʨˀʭʰʲʬʩʰʹ ʹʰ˂ʵ˂ˆʲʰʹ ˀʬʴʨʸˁʻʴʬʩʨ ʻʼʸʵ
ʳʬʺ ʩʬʫʴʰʬʸʬʩʨʹ ʳʵʻʺʨʴʫʨ, ʭʰʫʸʬ ʳʨʯʰ ʫʨˆʵ˂ʭʰʯ ʳʵʶʵʭʬʩʻʲʰ
ʹʨʳʬʼʵ ˆʬʲʰʹʻʼʲʬʩʰʯ ʺʱʩʵʩʨ. ʵʸʰʭʬ ʭʨʸʨʻʫʹ ʹʨʼʻ˃ʭʲʨʫ ʳˆʵʲʵʫ
ʪʸ˃ʴʵʩʨʯʨ ʫʨʱʳʨʿʵʼʰʲʬʩʨ ʬʫʵ. ʸʵʪʵʸ˂ ʴʨʯʬʹʨʭʬʩʰʹ ʫʨʯʸʪʻʴʭʰʹ, ʰʹʬ
ʳʨʯʰ ʫʨʴʫʵʩʰʯ ʪʨʳʵ˄ʭʬʻʲʰ ʩʬʫʴʰʬʸʬʩʨ ʹʨʱʻʯʨʸ ʪʸ˃ʴʵʩʨʯʨ
ʫʨʱʳʨʿʵʼʰʲʬʩʨʹ ʬʳʹʨˆʻʸʬʩʨ, ʳʰʻˆʬʫʨʭʨʫ ʰʳʰʹʨ, ʸʵʳ ʪʵʴʰʬʸʬʩʰʯʨ ʫʨ
ʳʵʭʨʲʬʵʩʰʹ ʳʹˆʭʬʸʶʲʨʫ ʪʨʾʬʩʰʯ ʹʸʻʲʫʬʩʨ.
ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ ʻʴʫʵʫʨ ʨʸˇʻʴʨʹ ʱʨʸʪʨʫ ʪʨʬʪʵ, ʸʵʳ ʩʨʩʻʨʳʰʹʰʹ ʹˆʬʻʲʰʹ
ʳʵʱʭʲʰʯ ʻˀʻʨʲʵʫ ʳʰʹ ʹʻʲʹ ʭʬʸʨʼʬʸʹ ʫʨʨʱʲʬʩʫʨ, ʨʳʰʺʵʳ ʪʨʴʻʳʨʸʺʨ
ʿʵʭʬʲʰ ʰʴʫʰʭʻʨʲʻʸʰ ʹʻʲʰʹ ʳʨʸʨʫʰʻʲʵʩʨ ʯʨʭʨʫ ʻʼʲʰʹ ˁʨʯʭʲʰʯ.
ʿʭʬʲʨ ʰʹʰʴʰ ʰʴʫʰʭʰʫʻʨʲʻʸʨʫ ʨʸʹʬʩʵʩʫʴʬʴ ˄ʨʸʹʻʲˀʰ,
ʰʴʫʰʭʰʫʻʨʲʻʸʬʩʰ ʨʸʰʨʴ ʨ˄ʳʿʵˀʰ ʫʨ ʨʹʬʯʬʩʨʫ ʫʨʸˁʬʩʰʨʴ ʳʵʳʨʭʨʲˀʰ˂;
ʳˆʵʲʵʫ ʹʨʳʵʹʬʲʰʭʰʯ ʪʨʳʵʰ˂ʭʲʰʨʴ ʹˆʬʻʲʬʩʹ. ʰʴʫʰʭʰʫʻʨʲʻʸʵʩʨʹ
ʳʨʺʬʸʰʨʲʻʸʰ ʪʨʸʹʰʹ ʺʿʭʬʵʩʰʹʨʪʨʴ ʯʨʭʫʨˆʹʴʰʹ ˀʬʳʫʬʪʨʫ ʭʰʴʨʸˁʻʴʬʩʯ.
ʻʼʨʲʳʨ ʱʸʰˀʴʨʳ ʹʻʲʰʹʨ ʫʨ ʹˆʬʻʲʰʹ ˀʬʹʨˆʬʩ ʨʸʹʬʩʻʲʰ ʨʴʨʲʰʺʰʱʻʸʰ
˂ʵʫʴʨ ʫʰʫʰ ʹʰʮʻʹʺʰʯ ʳʰʨ˄ʵʫʨ ʨʸˇʻʴʨʹ.
“ʴʰʸʻʽʺʰʹ” ʳʰˆʬʫʭʰʯ, ʬʹ ʨʾ˄ʬʸʰʲʵʩʰʯʰ ʳʸʨʭʨʲʳˆʸʰʭʰ ˂ʵʫʴʨ
ʹʻʲʰʹʨ ʫʨ ʹˆʬʻʲʰʹ ˀʬʹʨˆʬʩ ʰ˄ʵʫʬʩʨ ʹʨʴʽˈʰʨʫ. ʳʨʹ ʨʸʨʼʬʸʰ ʨʽʭʹ ʹʨʬʸʯʵ
ʨʯʬʰʹʺʰ ʱʨʶʰʲʨʹ ʹʨʴʽˈʰʨ ʼʰʲʵʹʵʼʰʨʹʯʨʴ. ʯʭʰʯʳʨʸʽʭʰʨ ʱʨʶʰʲʨʹ
ʹʨʴʽˈʰʨʳʫʬ ʫʰʫʰ ˆʴʰʯ ʨʫʸʬ ʬʹ ʳʵ˃ʾʭʸʬʩʨ “ˀʸʰʳʨʫ-ʩˈʨʪʨʭʨʺʨʳˀʰ” ʰʿʵ
ʪʨʴʳʨʸʺʬʩʻʲʰ ˅ʬˀʳʨʸʰʺʰ ʻʼʨʲʰ ʱʨʶʰʲʨʹ, ʨʴʻ ʻʼʨʲʰ ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ
ʰʴʱʨʸʴʨ˂ʰʰʹ ʳʰʬʸ. ʹʨʱʻʯʨʸ ʫʬʫʨʹʯʨʴ, ʫʬʭʨˈʻʺʰʹʯʨʴ, ʹʨʻʩʨʸˀʰ ʳʨʴ
ʴʨʯʲʨʫ ʪʨʴʳʨʸʺʨ, ʸʵʳ ʶʻʸʻˀʨ, ʨʴʻ ʻʮʬʴʨʬʹʰ ʻʼʨʲʰ ʿʵʭʲʰʹ
ˀʬʳʵʽʳʬʫʰʨ, ʶʸʨʱʸʰʺʰʮʬ, ʨʴʻ ʩʻʴʬʩʨʮʬ ʯʭʨʲʰʹ ʳʵʭʲʬʩʰʯ ʽʳʴʰʹ
ʿʭʬʲʨʼʬʸʹ. ʬʹ ʨʾʰʨʸʬʩʻʲʰʨ ʭʬʫʬʩʹʨ ʫʨ ʪʰʺʨˀʰ.
ʭʬʫʬʩˀʰ ʨʾ˄ʬʸʰʲʰʨ, ʸʵʳ ʻʼʨʲʳʨ ʶʸʨʱʸʰʺʰʹ, ʨʴʻ ʩʻʴʬʩʨʹ ʪʨʫʨʨʭʲʵ
ʯʭʨʲʰ ʫʨ ʨʾʨʭʹʵ ʰʪʰ ʻʳ˂ʰʸʬʹʰ ʰʴʫʰʭʰʫʻʨʲʻʸʰ ʹʻʲʬʩʰʯ, ʸʵʳʲʬʩʰ˂
ʳʨʺʬʸʰʨʲʻʸ ʹʨʳʿʨʸʵˀʰ ʹʨʱʻʯʨʸ ʪʸ˃ʴʵʩʨʯʨ ʴʬʩʰʹ ʨʾʳʹʸʻʲʬʩʲʬʩʰ
ʨʸʰʨʴ ʫʨ ʳʨʺʬʸʨʲʻʸʰ ʬʴʬʸʪʰʰʯ ʳʵˇʨʫʵʬʩʻʲʯ, ʯʨʭʰʨʴʯʰ ʨʸʹʬʩʵʩʨ
ʫʰʫ ʪʨʴ˂ˆʸʵʳʨʫ ʳʰʨˁʴʰʨʯ. ʰʹʰʴʰ ʨʳʪʭʨʸ ˂ʴʵʩʰʬʸʬʩʨʹ ʰʴʨʸˁʻʴʬʩʬʴ
ʪʨʴʯʨʭʰʹʻʼʲʬʩʰʹ ʻʱʨʴʨʹʱʴʬʲ ʬʺʨʶʨʳʫʬ, ʸʵʫʬʹʨ˂ ˂ʵ˂ˆʨʲʰ ʨʸʹʬʩʨ
ʳʨʾʲʫʬʩʨ ʹʻʸʭʰʲʨʳʫʬ, ʪʨˆʫʬʹ ʻʼʲʰʹ ʺʵʲʰ. ʬʹ ʳʨʰʨʹ, ʨʴʻ ʪʸ˃ʴʵʩʨʯʨ
ʫʨʱʳʨʿʵʼʰʲʬʩʰʹ ʰʲʻʮʰʰʹ ʻʱʨʴʨʹʱʴʬʲʰ ʳʨˆʬʨ ʫʨ ʯʨʭʰʹ ʳʵʺʿʻʬʩʨˀʰ
ʪʨʺʨʸʬʩʻʲʰ ʳʸʨʭʨʲʰ ʫʨʩʨʫʬʩʰʹ ˀʬʳʫʬʪ ʯʻ ʬʴʫʵʩʨ ʩʵʲʵʳʫʬ ʫʰʨʫʰ
ʹʻʲʰ ʭʨʹʻʫʬʭʨʹ, ʻʼʨʲ ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ, ʸʰʯʨ˂ ʫʨʨʹʸʻʲʬʩʹ ʱʰʫʬ˂ ʻʳʨʾʲʬʹʰ
˅ʬˀʳʨʸʰʺʬʩʰʹ ˃ʰʬʩʰʹ ʸʯʻʲ ʫʨ ˆʨʴʪʸ˃ʲʰʭ ʪʮʨʹ.
ʱʸʰˀʴʨʮʬ ʳʰʴʫʵʩʰʯ ʨʸˇʻʴʨʳ ʻʱʭʬ ʨʾʰʨʸʨ ʰʪʰ ʯʨʭʰʹ ʹʻʲʰʬʸ
ʳʵ˃ʾʭʸʨʫ: ˀʰˀʰʨʹ ʺʬ ˈʨʳ ˀʨʫˈʰ ʳʨʳ ʺʭʨʳ ʶʸʨʶʨʴʴʨʳ. ʨʳʰʺʵʳ ʱʸʰˀʴʨ ʳʨʹ

36

Tavi meore – gitas mokle Sinaarsi

ʨˆʲʨ ʩʻʫʫˈʰ-ʰʵʪʨˀʰ (ʨʴʻ ʱʨʸʳʨ-ʰʵʪʨˀʰ) ʨʴ ʹˆʭʨʪʭʨʸʨʫ ʸʵʳ ʭʯʽʭʨʯ,
ʳˆʵʲʵʫ ʻʼʲʰʹ ʫʨʹʨʱʳʨʿʵʼʰʲʬʩʲʨʫ ʬʸʯʪʻʲ ʹʨʳʹʨˆʻʸˀʰ ʪʨ˄ʬʻʲʰ
ʹʨʽʳʰʨʴʵʩʰʹ ˀʬʹʨˆʬʩ ʬʹʨʻʩʸʬʩʨ. ʳʬʨʯʬ ʯʨʭʰʹ ʳʬʨʯʬ ʲʬʽʹˀʰ ʴʨʯʲʨʫ ʨʸʰʹ
ʪʨʴʳʨʸʺʬʩʻʲʰ, ʸʵʳ ʩʻʫʫˈʰ-ʰʵʪʨ ʨʸʰʹ ʻˀʻʨʲʵ ʻʸʯʰʬʸʯʵʩʨ ʿʵʭʲʰʹ
ʪʻʲˀʰ ʶʨʸʨʳʨʺʳʨʹ ʹʨˆʰʯ ʳʿʵʼ ʻʼʨʲʯʨʴ. ʳʨʪʸʨʳ ʬʸʯʪʻʲʰ ʹʨʳʹʨˆʻʸʰʹ
ʪʨʸʬˀʬ ʨʳʪʭʨʸʰ ʱʨʭˀʰʸʰ ˀʬʻ˃ʲʬʩʬʲʰʨ. ʨʳʰʺʵʳ ʰʹ, ʭʰʹʨ˂ ʻʼʨʲʯʨʴ
ʬʸʯʪʻʲʰ, ʨʴ ʺʸʨʴʹ˂ʬʴʫʬʴʺʻʸʰ ʹʨʹʰʿʭʨʸʻʲʵ ʻʸʯʰʬʸʯʵʩʨ
ʨʱʨʭˀʰʸʬʩʹ, ʨʴ ʹˆʭʨʴʨʰʸʨʫ ʸʵʳ ʭʯʽʭʨʯ, ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ ˂ʴʵʩʰʬʸʬʩʨˀʰ ʳʿʵʼʰ
ʶʰʸʵʭʴʬʩʨ ʻʼʲʰʹ ʪʨʴʹʨʱʻʯʸʬʩʻʲʰ ˄ʿʨʲʵʩʰʯ ʩʻʫʫˈʰ-ʰʵʪʨʹ
ʹʨʼʬˆʻʸʹ ʨʾ˄ʬʭʹ. ʻʼʨʲʰ ʨʳʩʵʩʹ, ʸʵʳ ʳˆʵʲʵʫ ʳʨʯ ʨˇʰʲʫʵʬʩʹ
ʹʰʿʭʨʸʻʲʰʹʨ ʫʨ ʬʸʯʪʻʲʬʩʰʹ ˅ʬˀʳʨʸʰʺʰ ˂ʵʫʴʰʯ, ʭʰʴ˂
ʺʸʨʴʹ˂ʬʴʫʬʴʺʻʸʰ ʹʰʿʭʨʸʻʲʰʯ ʪʨʳʻʫʳʬʩʰʯ ʨʸʰʨʴ ʫʨʱʨʭʬʩʻʲʰ ʳʰʹʰ
ʬʸʯʪʻʲʰ ʹʨʳʹʨˆʻʸʰʯ. ʨʳ ʪʮʰʯ ʬʸʯʪʻʲʹ ʨʫʭʰʲʨʫ ˀʬʻ˃ʲʰʨ ʳʰʬʨˆʲʵʹ
ʻʼʨʲʹ ʳʰʹ ʳʨʸʨʫʰʻʲ ʴʬʺʨʸ ʶʰʸʭʬʲʹʨʳʿʵʼʬʲˀʰ. ʨʳʸʰʪʨʫ, ʨʳ ʲʬʽʹˀʰ
ʴʨˆʹʬʴʬʩʰ ʩʻʫʫˈʰ-ʰʵʪʨ ʻʼʲʰʹ ʬʸʯʪʻʲ ʹʨʳʹʨˆʻʸʹ ʳʰʨʴʰˀʴʬʩʹ, ˆʵʲʵ
ʮʬʳʵʯ ʨʾʴʰˀʴʻʲʰ ʹʰʺʿʭʨ ʹʨʴʽˈʰʨʹ ʨʸʨʼʬʸʰ ʨʽʭʹ ʹʨʬʸʯʵ ʯʭʰʯʳʨʸʽʭʰʨ
ʱʨʶʰʲʨʹ ʳʰʬʸ ʪʨʫʳʵ˂ʬʳʻʲ ʨʯʬʰʹʺʻʸ ʹʨʴʽˈʰʨ-ʰʵʪʨʹʯʨʴ.
ʨʳ ʼʰʲʵʹʵʼʰʨʹ ʨʸ˂ ʯʨʭʰʹ ʫʸʵʮʬ ˈʽʵʴʰʨ ʸʨʰʳʬ ʪʨʭʲʬʴʨ. ʨʸ˂ ʻʼʨʲʰ
ʱʸʰˀʴʨ ʯʭʲʰʫʨ ʨʳ ʻʾʭʯʵ ʨʮʸʵʩʸʰʭ ʹʶʬʱʻʲʨ˂ʰʬʩʹ ˆʹʬʴʬʩʰʹ ʾʰʸʹʨʫ.
˅ʬˀʳʨʸʰʺʰ ʹʨʴʽˈʰʨ, ʸʵʪʵʸ˂ ʹʨʾʰ ʪʵʴʬʩʰʹ ʴʨʿʵʼʰ, “ˀʸʰʳʨʫʩˈʨʪʨʭʨʺʨʳˀʰʨ” ʨʾ˄ʬʸʰʲʰ ˅ʬˀʳʨʸʰʺʰ ʻʼʨʲ ʱʨʶʰʲʨʹ ʳʰʬʸ, ʳʨʪʸʨʳ ʯʭʰʯ
ʨʳ ʻʱʨʴʨʹʱʴʬʲʰʹ ʴʨʨʮʸʬʭʹʨ˂ ʨʸʨʼʬʸʰ ʨʽʭʹ ʹʨʬʸʯʵ ʨʽ ʪʨʴˆʰʲʻʲ
ʹʨʱʰʯˆʬʩʯʨʴ.
ʳʵ˂ʬʳʻʲ ʲʬʽʹˀʰ ʹʨʴʽˈʰʨ ʹˆʬʻʲʰʹʨ ʫʨ ʹʻʲʰʹ ʮʬʫʳʰ˄ʬʭʴʰʯ ʨʾ˄ʬʸʨʹ
ʴʰˀʴʨʭʹ. ʨʸˇʻʴʨʹ ʩʻʫʫˈʰ-ʰʵʪʨʳʫʬ, ʨʴʻ ʩˈʨʱʺʰ-ʰʵʪʨʳʫʬ ʳʰʿʭʨʴʰʹ
ʳʰʮʴʰʯ ʻʼʨʲʳʨ ʱʸʰˀʴʨʳ ʯʭʨʲ˄ʰʴ ʪʨʫʨʻˀʨʲʨ ʫʨ ˀʯʨʨʪʵʴʨ ʹʻʲʰʹ
ʩʻʴʬʩʨ ʫʨ ʸʨʵʩʨ. ʳʨˀʨʹʨʫʨʳʬ, ʻʮʬʴʨʬʹʰʹ ʹʨʴʽˈʰʨ ʫʨ ʻʼʨʲ ʱʨʶʰʲʨʹ ʳʰʬʸ
“ʩˈʨʪʨʭʨʺʨʳˀʰ” ʨʾ˄ʬʸʰʲʰ ʹʨʴʽˈʰʨ ʬʸʯʰ ʫʨ ʰʪʰʭʬʨ – ʵʸʰʭʬ ʩˈʨʱʺʰ-ʰʵʪʨʨ.
ʨʳʨʹ ʬʳʿʨʸʬʩʵʫʨ ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ ʪʨʴʨ˂ˆʨʫʰ: ʳˆʵʲʵʫ ʪʵʴʬʩʨˀʬʮʾʻʫʻʲʴʰ
ʪʨʴʨʹˆʭʨʭʬʩʬʴ ʹʨʴʽˈʰʨ-ʰʵʪʨʹ ʩˈʨʱʺʰ-ʰʵʪʨʹʨʪʨʴ. (˂ʰʺʨʺʨ). ʬʹ ʻʱʨʴʨʹʱʴʬʲʴʰ
ʰʳʨʹʨ˂ ʨʳʺʱʰ˂ʬʩʬʴ, ʸʵʳ “ʩˈʨʪʨʭʨʫ-ʪʰʺʨˀʰ” ʹ˄ʵʸʬʫ ʻʾʭʯʵ (ʨʯʬʰʹʺʻʸ)
ʹʨʴʽˈʰʨ-ʰʵʪʨʹ ˀʬʹʨˆʬʩ ʨʸʰʹ ʹʨʻʩʨʸʰ.
ʨʳʸʰʪʨʫ, ʩʻʫʫˈʰ-ʰʵʪʨ ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ ˂ʴʵʩʰʬʸʬʩʨˀʰ ʹʸʻʲʰ ʯʨʭʫʨʭʰ˄ʿʬʩʰʯʨ
ʫʨ ʬʸʯʪʻʲʰ ʹʨʳʹʨˆʻʸʰʹ ˂ʵʫʴʰʯ ˀʸʵʳʨʹ ʴʰˀʴʨʭʹ. ʭʰʴ˂ ʳˆʵʲʵʫ ʻʼʲʰʹ
ʹʨʹʰʨʳʵʭʴʵʫ ʰʾ˄ʭʰʹ, ʸʨʵʫʬʴ ʳ˃ʰʳʬ˂ ʨʸ ʻʴʫʨ ʰʿʵʹ ʳʰʹʰ ʪʨʸˇʰʹ ʻʾʬʲʰ,
ʩʻʫʫˈʰ-ʰʵʪʨʹ ʶʸʰʴ˂ʰʶʬʩʹ ʰ˂ʨʭʹ ʫʨ ʳʨʸʨʫ ʺʸʨʴʹ˂ʬʴʫʬʴʺʻʸ ʴʬʺʨʸʬʩʨʹ
ʪʨʴʰ˂ʫʰʹ, ʻʼʲʰʹ ˄ʿʨʲʵʩʰʯ ʹʻʲʰʬʸ ˂ʵʫʴʨʹ ʬʮʰʨʸʬʩʨ ʫʨ ʮʬʫʳʬʺʰ
˃ʨʲʰʹˆʳʬʭʰʹ ʪʨʸʬˀʬ ʨʾ˄ʬʭʹ ʹʸʻʲ ʪʨʴʯʨʭʰʹʻʼʲʬʩʨʹ.

37

Tavi meore – gitas mokle Sinaarsi

ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ ˂ʴʵʩʰʬʸʬʩʨˀʰ ʳʵʾʭʨ˄ʬʵʩʰʹʨʹ ʫʨ ʱʨʸʳʰʻʲ ʹʨʽʳʰʨʴʵʩʨʹ ˀʵʸʰʹ
ʫʰʫʰ ʪʨʴʹˆʭʨʭʬʩʨʨ; ʪʨʴʹʨʱʻʯʸʬʩʰʯ ʳʨˀʰʴ, ʸʵ˂ʨ ʹʨʽʳʬ ʵˇʨˆʰʹ ʨʴ ʳʰ˄ʰʬʸʰ
ʩʬʫʴʰʬʸʬʩʰʹ ʳʰʹʨʾ˄ʬʭʨʫ ʪʸ˃ʴʵʩʨʯʨ ʫʨʱʳʨʿʵʼʰʲʬʩʨʹ ʬˆʬʩʨ.
ʨʳʫʬʴʨʫ, ʩʻʫʫˈʰ-ʰʵʪʨ ʨʫʨʳʰʨʴʰʹ ʳʰʬʸ ˀʬʹʸʻʲʬʩʻʲʰ
ʺʸʨʴʹ˂ʬʴʫʬʴʺʻʸʰ ʹʨʽʳʰʨʴʵʩʨʨ.
40) ʨʳʪʭʨʸʰ ʳ˂ʫʬʲʵʩʰʹʨʹ ʰʵʺʰʹʵʫʬʴʰ˂ ʨʸʨʼʬʸʰ ʰʱʨʸʪʬʩʨ. ʨʳ ʪʮʨʮʬ
ʳ˂ʰʸʬʵʫʬʴ ˄ʨʸʳʨʺʬʩʨʹʨ˂ ʱʰ ˀʬʻ˃ʲʰʨ ʨʫʨʳʰʨʴʰ ʻʫʰʫʬʹʰ
ʪʨʴʹʨ˂ʫʬʲʰʹʨʪʨʴ ʫʨʰʼʨʸʵʹ.
ˀʰʴʨ-ʨʸʹʰ: ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ ˂ʴʵʩʰʬʸʬʩʰʯ, ʨʴʻ ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ ʹʨʹʰʱʬʯʵʫ ʪʸ˃ʴʵʩʨʯʨ
ʫʨʱʳʨʿʵʼʰʲʬʩʰʯ ʹʨʽʳʰʨʴʵʩʨ ʻʳʨʾʲʬʹʰ ʺʸʨʴʹ˂ʬʴʫʬʴʺʻʸʰ ʳʵʾʭʨ˄ʬʵʩʨʨ,
ʸʵʫʬʹʨ˂ ʻʳʴʰˀʭʴʬʲʵ ˄ʨʳʵ˄ʿʬʩʨʹʨ˂ ʱʰ ʨʸ ˆʭʫʬʩʨ ʸʨʰʳʬ ˄ʰʴʨʨʾʳʫʬʪʵʩʨ
ʫʨ ˃ʨʲʰʹˆʳʬʭʰʹ ʴʨʺʨʳʨʲʰ˂ ʱʰ ʨʸ˂ ʬʸʯ ʹʨʼʬˆʻʸʮʬ ʨʸ ʰʱʨʸʪʬʩʨ.
ʳʨʺʬʸʰʨʲʻʸ ʫʵʴʬʮʬ ʫʨ˄ʿʬʩʻʲʰ ʴʬʩʰʹʳʰʬʸʰ ʹʨʽʳʬ ʩʵʲʵʳʫʬ ʯʻ ʨʸ
ʰʽʴʨ ʳʰʿʭʨʴʰʲʰ, ʳʯʬʲʰ ʳ˂ʫʬʲʵʩʨ ˄ʿʨʲˀʰ ʰʿʸʬʩʨ. ʳʨʪʸʨʳ ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ
˂ʴʵʩʰʬʸʬʩʨˀʰ ˄ʨʳʵ˄ʿʬʩʻʲ ʿʵʭʬʲ ʹʨʽʳʰʨʴʵʩʨʹ ʨˆʲʨʭʹ ʳʻʫʳʰʭʰ ˀʬʫʬʪʰ,
ʯʻʳ˂ʨ ˀʬʰ˃ʲʬʩʨ ʹʨʽʳʬ ʫʨʹʸʻʲʬʩʻʲʰ ʨʸ˂ ʰʿʵʹ. ʨʳʪʭʨʸʰ ʹʨʽʳʰʹ
ʳʵ˄ʨʫʰʴʬ ʹʨʳʻˀʨʵʹ ʫʨʻʹʸʻʲʬʩʲʵʩʰʹ ˀʬʳʯˆʭʬʭʨˀʰ˂ ʨʸʨʼʬʸʹ ʨʪʬʩʹ.
ˀʬʳʫʪʵʳ ʳ˂ʫʬʲʵʩʨʹ ʰʪʰ ʰʽʰʫʨʴ ʰ˄ʿʬʩʹ, ʹʨʫʨ˂ ʪʨˁʬʸʫʨ. ʳʰ˄ʰʬʸ ʪʨʸˇʨˀʸʵʳʨˀʰ ʱʰ ʨʹ ʶʸʵ˂ʬʴʺʰʨʴʰ ˄ʨʸʳʨʺʬʩʰʹ ʪʨʸʬˀʬ ʿʭʬʲʨʼʬʸʰ ʻˀʬʫʬʪʵʫ
ʹʸʻʲʫʬʩʨ. ʨˇʨʳʰʲʨ ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ ˂ʴʵʩʰʬʸʬʩʨˀʰ ʯʨʭʰʹ ʳʵʭʨʲʬʵʩʨʹ ʨʸ˂ ʯʻ
ʳʯʲʨʫ ʨʹʸʻʲʬʩʫʨ, ʳʨʪʸʨʳ ʻʼʲʰʹ ˄ʿʨʲʵʩʰʯ ʹʨʩʵʲʵʵʫ ʹʸʻʲʰ
ʴʬʺʨʸʬʩʨ ʬʩʵ˃ʨ. ʨʳʨʹʯʨʴ ʫʨʱʨʭˀʰʸʬʩʰʯ “ˀʸʰʳʨʫ-ʩˈʨʪʨʭʨʺʨʳˀʰ” (1.5.17)
ʳˀʭʬʴʰʬʸʰ ʲʬʽʹʰ ʨʸʹʬʩʵʩʹ: (˂ʰʺʨʺʨ)
“ʯʻ ʨʫʨʳʰʨʴʰ ʯʨʭʹ ʨʴʬʩʬʹ ʳʰ˄ʰʬʸ ʳʵʭʨʲʬʵʩʨʹʨ ʫʨ ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ
˂ʴʵʩʰʬʸʬʩʨˀʰ ˀʸʵʳʵʩʹ, ˀʬʳʫʬʪ ʱʰ ʬ˂ʬʳʨ, ʸʨʫʪʨʴ ʭʬʾʨʸ ʨʹʸʻʲʬʩʹ ʨʳ
ˀʸʵʳʨʹ, ʸʨʹ ʱʨʸʪʨʭʹ? ʳʨʪʸʨʳ ʸʨ ʹʨʸʪʬʩʬʲʰ ʨʽʭʹ ʱʨ˂ʹ, ʸʵʳʬʲʰ˂
ʹʸʻʲʿʵʼʰʲʨʫ ʬ˄ʬʭʨ ʳʰ˄ʰʬʸ ʳʵʾʭʨ˄ʬʵʩʨʹ?” ʨʴ, ʸʵʪʵʸ˂ ʽʸʰʹʺʰʨʴʬʩʰ
ʨʳʩʵʩʬʴ: ʸʨ ʹʰʱʬʯʬʹ ʳʵʻʺʨʴʹ ʨʫʨʳʰʨʴʹ ʳʯʬʲʰ ʽʭʬʿʴʰʬʸʬʩʰʹ ˀʬ˃ʬʴʨ, ʯʻʱʰ
ʨʳʰʯ ʯʨʭʰʹ ʹʻʲʹ ʨʭʴʬʩʹ.
ʳʨʺʬʸʰʨʲʻʸʰ ʹʨʽʳʰʨʴʵʩʨ ʫʨ ˀʬʫʬʪʬʩʰ ʹˆʬʻʲʰʹ ʹʰʱʭʫʰʲʯʨʴ ʬʸʯʨʫ
ʳʯʨʭʸʫʬʩʨ. ʳʨʪʸʨʳ ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ ˂ʴʵʩʰʬʸʬʩʨˀʰ ʴʨʾʭʨ˄ʰ ʶʰʸʵʭʴʬʩʨʹ ʹˆʬʻʲʰʹ
ʫʨʱʨʸʪʭʰʹ ˀʬʳʫʬʪʨ˂ ʱʭʲʨʭ ʻʮʬʴʨʬʹʯʨʴ ʨʩʸʻʴʬʩʹ. ʿʵʭʬʲ ˀʬʳʯˆʭʬʭʨˀʰ,
ʳʵʳʨʭʨʲ ˂ˆʵʭʸʬʩʨˀʰ ʫʰʫʨʫ ʪʨʴʨʯʲʬʩʻʲʰ ʩˈʸʨˈʳʨʴʰʹ ʨʴ ʳʫʰʫʨʸʰ
ʨʸʰʹʺʵʱʸʨʺʰʹ ʵˇʨˆˀʰ ʱʭʲʨʭ ʨʫʨʳʰʨʴʨʫ ʫʨʰʩʨʫʬʩʨ ʫʨ ˀʬʳʫʪʵʳʰ
ʨʳʨʾʲʬʩʰʹ ˀʬʹʨ˃ʲʬʩʲʵʩʨ ʬ˃ʲʬʭʨ. ʨʹʬʯʰʨ ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ ˂ʴʵʩʰʬʸʬʩʨˀʰ
ʳʵʾʭʨ˄ʬʵʩʰʹ ʪʨʳʵʸˁʬʻʲʰ ʯʭʰʹʬʩʨ.

38

Tavi meore – gitas mokle Sinaarsi

41) ʨʳ ʪʮʨʮʬ ʳʫʪʵʳʯʨ ʳʰʹ˄ʸʨʼʬʩʨ ʳʺʱʰ˂ʬʨ ʫʨ ʳʰʮʨʴʰ ʬʸʯʰ. ʵ, ʱʻʸʻʯʨ
ʹʨʿʭʨʸʬʲʵ ˀʭʰʲʵ, ʳʸʨʭʲʨʫ ʪʨʴʺʵʺʭʰʲ-ʪʨ˄ʰʲʨʫʬʩʻʲʰʨ ʳʬʸʿʬʭʯʨ
ʪʵʴʬʩʨ.
ˀʰʴʨ-ʨʸʹʰ: ʰʳʰʹ ʳʺʱʰ˂ʬ ʸ˄ʳʬʴʨʹ, ʸʵʳ ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ ˂ʴʵʩʰʬʸʬʩʰʯ ʨʫʨʳʰʨʴʰ
ʹʰ˂ʵ˂ˆʲʰʹ ʻʳʨʾʲʬʹ ʹʸʻʲʽʳʴʨʹ ʳʰʨʾ˄ʬʭʹ, ʬ˄ʵʫʬʩʨ ʭʰʨʭʨʹʨʰʨʺʳʰʱʨ
ʪʵʴʬʩʨ. “ˁʨʰʺʨʴʰʨ-ˁʨʸʰʺʨʳʸʰʺʨˀʰ” (ʳʨʫˈʰʨ 22.62) ʴʨʯʽʭʨʳʰʨ: (˂ʰʺʨʺʨ)
ʸ˄ʳʬʴʨ ʹʻʲʰʬʸʨʫ, ʮʴʬʵʩʸʰʭʨʫ ʨʴ ʪʵʴʬʩʸʰʭʨʫ ʨʳʨʾʲʬʩʻʲʰʹ ʴʫʵʩʨʹ
ʴʰˀʴʨʭʹ. ʭʰʴ˂ ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ ˂ʴʵʩʰʬʸʬʩʰʯ ʳʵʭʨʲʬʵʩʨʹ ʨʹʸʻʲʬʩʹ, ʳʨʹ ʨʾʨʸ
ʳʵʬʯˆʵʭʬʩʨ ʿʵʼʰʯʹ ʹʨʳʿʨʸʵʹʯʨʴ ʻʸʯʰʬʸʯʵʩʨ ʫʨ ʵˇʨˆʻʸʰ
ʺʸʨʫʰ˂ʰʬʩʰʹ, ʱʨ˂ʵʩʸʰʵʩʰʹʨ ʫʨ ʯʨʭʰʹʰ ˆʨʲˆʰʹ ˄ʰʴʨˀʬ ʳʵʭʨʲʬʵʩʨʯʨ
ˀʬʹʸʻʲʬʩʨ.
ʱʨʸʳʰʻʲʰ ʹʨʽʳʰʨʴʵʩʰʹ ʨʭ-ʱʨʸʪʰ ˄ʨʸʹʻʲˀʰ ˁʨʫʬʴʰʲʰ ʳʨʫʲʰʹʨ ʯʻ
˂ʵʫʭʬʩʰʹ ˀʬʫʬʪʬʩʰʯʨʨ ʪʨʴʶʰʸʵʩʬʩʻʲʰ, ʻʱʭʨʲʵʫ ʨʸ ˁʨʰʭʲʰʹ ˃ʭʬʲʰ
ʨʭʱʨ˂ʵʩʨ. ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ ˂ʴʵʩʰʬʸʬʩʰʯ ʪʵʴʬʩʨʪʨʴʨʯʬʩʻʲʯ ʱʰ ˄ʨʸʹʻʲʰʫʨʴ
ʪʨʫʳʵʹʻʲʰ ˂ʵʫʵ-ʳʨʫʲʰʯ ʪʨʴʱʰʯˆʭʨ ʨʾʨʸʨʫ ʳʰʨˁʴʰʨʯ, ʸʨʫʪʨʴ ʳʨʯʰ
ʽʳʬʫʬʩʬʩʰ ʻʱʭʬ ʾʭʯʰʻʸ ʫʵʴʬʮʬ ʳʰʳʫʰʴʨʸʬʵʩʹ ʫʨ ʨʾʨʸ
ʬʽʭʬʳʫʬʩʨʸʬʩʰʨʴ ʸʨʰʳʬ ˀʰʴʨʨʸʹʵʩʸʰʭ ʵʸʳʨʪ ʪʨʪʬʩʨʹ – ˂ʻʫʰ ʯʻ ʱʨʸʪʰ,
˂ʵʫʵ ʯʻ ʳʨʫʲʰ ʫʨ ʨ.ˀ.
ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ ˂ʴʵʩʰʬʸʬʩʰʹ ʻʳʨʾʲʬʹʰ ʹʸʻʲʽʳʴʨ ʹʰ˂ʵ˂ˆʲʬʮʬ
ʳʨʺʬʸʰʨʲʰʹʺʻʸʰ ˀʬˆʬʫʻʲʬʩʬʩʰʹ ʩʵʸʱʰʲʯʨʪʨʴ ʯʨʭʫʨˆʹʴʨʨ. ʨʹʬʯʰ
ʾʰʸʹʽʳʴʨ ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ ˂ʴʵʩʰʬʸʬʩʰʹ ʯʨʴʫʨʯʨʴʵʩʰʯʰ ʪʨʴʭʰʯʨʸʬʩʰʯ
ʯʨʭʰʹʯʨʭʨʫ ʫʨ ˃ʨʲʫʨʻʺʨʴʬʩʲʨʫ ʳʰʰʾ˄ʬʭʨ.
ʻʼʲʰʹ ʬʸʯʪʻʲʰ ʶʰʸʵʭʴʬʩʰʹ ʳʰʮʨʴʹ˄ʸʨʼʻʲʵʩʨ ˂ʵʫʴʨʮʬʨ
ʫʨʼʻ˃ʴʬʩʻʲʰ (˂ʰʺʨʺʨ): – ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ ˂ʴʵʩʰʬʸʬʩʨˀʰ ʳʿʵʼʰ ʯʨʭʨʫʨʨ
ʪʨʳʵʸˁʬʻʲʨʫ ʱʬʯʰʲʰ ʹʻʲʰ ʫʨ ʹʸʻʲʿʵʼʰʲʨʫ ʰ˂ʰʹ, ʸʵʳ ʭʨʹʻʫʬʭʨ,
ʨʴʻ ʱʸʰˀʴʨʨ ʿʵʭʬʲʰ ʪʨʳʵʭʲʬʴʰʲʰ ʳʰʮʬʮʰʹ ʼʬʹʭʰ. ʸʵʪʵʸ˂ ˆʰʹ ʼʬʹʭʬʩʰʹ
ʳʵʸ˄ʿʭʰʯ ʨʫʨʳʰʨʴʰ ˆʰʹ ʺʵʺʬʩʹʨ˂ ʫʨ ʼʵʯʲʬʩʹʨ˂ ʨ˄ʭʫʰʹ ʳʨ˂ʵ˂ˆʲʬʩʬʲ
˄ʿʨʸʵʹ, ʨʹʬʭʬ ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ ˂ʴʵʩʰʬʸʬʩʰʯ ʪʨʴʨʯʬʩʻʲʰ ʪʵʴʬʩʰʯ ʰʪʰ ʻʳʨʾʲʬʹ
ʹʨʳʹʨˆʻʸʹ ʻ˄ʬʭʹ ʿʭʬʲʨʹ – ʹʨʱʻʯʨʸ ʯʨʭʹ, ʵˇʨˆʹ, ʹʨʮʵʪʨʫʵʬʩʨʹ,
ʹʨʳˀʵʩʲʵʹ, ʱʨ˂ʵʩʸʰʵʩʨʹ... ʯʻ ʻʼʨʲʰ ʱʳʨʿʵʼʰʲʰʨ ʬʸʯʪʻʲʰʹ
ʹʨʳʹʨˆʻʸʰʯ, ʳʨˀʰʴ ʿʭʬʲʨ, ʭʰʹʨ˂ ʨʹʬʯ ʶʰʸʵʭʴʬʩʨʹʯʨʴ ʨʽʭʹ ʹʨʽʳʬ,
ʳʨʫʲʰʬʸʰ ʰʽʴʬʩʨ ʳʰʹʰ.
ʳʨʪʸʨʳ ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ ˂ʴʵʩʰʬʸʬʩʨˀʰ ʹʨʳʹʨˆʻʸʰ ʻʼʸʵ ʨʫʭʰʲʨʫ
ˆʵʸ˂ʰʬʲʫʬʩʨ ʹʻʲʰʬʸʰ ʳʵ˃ʾʭʸʰʹ ˆʬʲʳ˃ʾʭʨʴʬʲʵʩʰʯ, ʸʵʳʬʲʰ˂ ʯʨʭʨʫ
ʻʼʲʰʹ ˅ʬˀʳʨʸʰʺʰ ˄ʨʸʳʵʳʨʫʪʬʴʬʲʰʨ. ʹʻʲʰʬʸʰ ʳʵ˃ʾʭʨʸʰ ʻʴʫʨ
ʰ˂ʴʵʩʫʬʹ ʳʵ˄ʨʼʰʹ ʩʻʴʬʩʨʹ ʫʨ ˀʬ˃ʲʵʹ ʻʮʬʴʨʬʹʰʹ ʴʨʯʲʰʹʨʱʬʴ ʪʮʨ
ʪʨʻʱʭʨʲʵʹ ʳʨʹ. ʳʵ˄ʨʼʬ, ʸʵʳʬʲʰ˂ ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ ˂ʴʵʩʰʬʸʬʩʨʹ ʬʮʰʨʸʬʩʨ,

39

Tavi meore – gitas mokle Sinaarsi

ˀʬʻʭʨʲʰ ʻʴʫʨ ʰʿʵʹ ʯʨʭʰʹ ʽʳʬʫʬʩʬʩˀʰ ʫʨ ʳʵˁʸʰʲʬʩʫʬʹ ʻʼʲʰʹ
˄ʨʸʳʵʳʨʫʪʬʴʬʲʹ – ʹʻʲʰʬʸ ʳʨʹ˄ʨʭʲʬʩʬʲʹ, ʶʰʸʳʨʸʯʲʨʫ ʨʹʸʻʲʬʩʫʬʹ
ʳʰʹ ʳʰʯʰʯʬʩʬʩʹ.
ˀʸʰʲʨ ʭʰˀʭʨʴʨʯˈʨ ˁʨʱʸʨʭʨʸʺʰ ʯˈʨʱʻʸʨ ʹʻʲʰʬʸʰ ʳʵ˃ʾʭʸʰʹʨʫʳʰ
ʳʰ˃ʾʭʴʰʲ ʯʨʭʰʹ ˂ʴʵʩʰʲ ʲʵ˂ʭʬʩˀʰ ʪʭʨʹ˄ʨʭʲʰʹ: (˂ʰʺʨʺʨ)
“ʹʻʲʰʬʸʰ ʳʵ˃ʾʭʸʰʹʨʫʳʰ ʨʫʨʳʰʨʴʰʹ ʳʵʸˁʰʲʬʩʨ ʫʰʫ ʱʳʨʿʵʼʰʲʬʩʨʹ
ʨʴʰ˅ʬʩʹ ʻʮʬʴʨʬʹ ʾʳʸʯʨʬʩʸʰʭ ʶʰʸʵʭʴʬʩʨʹ. ʻʼʲʰʹ ˄ʨʸʳʵʳʨʫʪʬʴʲʰʹʨʫʳʰ
ʴʫʵʩʰʹʨ, ʳʵʸˁʰʲʬʩʰʹʨ ʫʨ ʶʨʺʰʭʰʹ˂ʬʳʰʹ ʪʨʸʬˀʬ ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ ˂ʴʵʩʰʬʸʬʩʰʹ
ʸʵʳʬʲʰʳʬ ʹʨʼʬˆʻʸʮʬ˂ ʱʰ ʨʳʨʾʲʬʩʨ ˀʬʻ˃ʲʬʩʬʲʰʨ. ʨʳʰʺʵʳ ʫʾʬˀʰ
ʹʨʳˇʬʸ ʻʴʫʨ ʳʵʭʰˆʹʬʴʰʵ ʫʨ ˄ʿʨʲʵʩʨ ʪʨʳʵʭʯˆʵʭʵ, ʴʰʨʫʨʪ ʳʵ˄ʰ˄ʬʩʰʯ
ʯʨʿʭʨʴʰ ʭ˂ʬ ʳʨʹ – ˁʬʳ ʹʻʲʰʬʸ ʳʵ˃ʾʭʨʸʹ!”
ʳʨʪʸʨʳ ʳʯʬʲʰ ʬʹ ʪʨʴ˄ʳʬʴʫʨ-ʨʳʨʾʲʬʩʰʹ ʶʸʵ˂ʬʹʰ ʬʳʿʨʸʬʩʨ ʬ.˄.
ʹˆʬʻʲʰʹʬʻʲʰ ʱʵʴ˂ʬʼ˂ʰʰʹ ʳʰʾʳʨ ʨʸʹʬʩʻʲ ʹʸʻʲʿʵʼʰʲ ˂ʵʫʴʨʹ ʹʻʲʰʹ
ˀʬʹʨˆʬʩ – ʸʵʳʬʲʰ˂ ʶʸʨʽʺʰʱʻʲʨʫ, ʪʨʳʵʸʰ˂ˆʨʭʹ ʱʨʸʳʰʻʲʰ
ʹʨʽʳʰʨʴʵʩʬʩʰʹ ʹʨˆʰʯ ʪʨʳʵʭʲʬʴʰʲ ʪʸ˃ʴʵʩʨʯʨ ʫʨʱʳʨʿʵʼʰʲʬʩʰʹ
ˀʬʹʨ˃ʲʬʩʲʵʩʨʹ. ʨʱʰ ˂ʴʵʩʰʲʰʨ, ʸʵʳ ʨʸʨʳʺʱʰ˂ʬ ʴʬʩʰʹ ʳʽʵʴʬʯ ʨʯʨʹʪʭʨʸʰ
ʿʵʼʰʯʰ ʹʨ˂ʯʻʸʰ ʰʮʰʫʨʭʹ.
42-43) ʻʳʬ˂ʨʸʴʰ ʭʬʫʬʩˀʰ ʴʰʨʫʨʪ ʬ˃ʰʬʩʬʴ ʹʰʺʿʭʨ-ʪʨʳʵʯʽʳʨʯʨ
ʮʰʮʰʲʶʰʶʰʲʬʩʹ, ʸʵʳʲʬʩʰ˂ ʹʻʸʯ ʰʶʵʭʵʴ ʮʬ˂ʰʻʸ ʶʲʨʴʬʺʬʩʮʬ
ʨʳʨʾʲʬʩʰʹ, ʰʾʩʲʰʨʴʰ ʫʨʩʨʫʬʩʰʹ, ˃ʨʲʨʻʼʲʬʩʰʹʨ ʫʨ ʹˆʭʨ ʹʨʸʪʬʩʬʲʯʨ
ʳʵʹʨʶʵʭʬʩʲʨʫ ʪʨʳʵʹʨʫʬʪʰ ʱʨʸʳʰʻʲʰ ʹʨʽʳʰʨʴʵʩʬʩʰʹ ˀʬʹʨˆʬʩ ʸˁʬʭʬʩʰʯ.
ʪʸ˃ʴʵʩʰʹʨ ʫʨ ʪʻʲʰʹʯʽʳʨʯʨ ʿʻʸʳʵ˅ʸʰʲʰ ʿʳʬʩʰ, ʪʨʼʻʼʻʴʬʩʻʲʰ
˂ˆʵʭʸʬʩʰʹ ʳʵʺʸʰʼʰʨʲʬʴʰ ʨ˂ˆʨʫʬʩʬʴ, ʸʵʳ ˃ʨʲʨʻʼʲʬʩʰʯʨ ʫʨ
ʪʨʴ˂ˆʸʵʳʰʯ ʳʰʴʰ˅ʬʩʻʲ ʴʬʺʨʸʬʩʨʮʬ ʳʨʾʲʨ ʨʾʨʸʨʼʬʸʰ ʨʸʹʬʩʵʩʹ.
ˀʰʴʨ-ʨʸʹʰ: ˆʨʲˆʰʹ ʻʳʸʨʭʲʬʹʵʩʨ ʫʰʫʰ ˂ʴʵʩʰʬʸʬʩʰʯ ʸʵʫʰ ʪʨʳʵʰʸˁʬʭʨ.
ʰʹʰʴʰ ʳʬʺʰʹʳʬʺʨʫ ʨʸʰʨʴ ʳʰˇʨ˅ʭʻʲʴʰ ʰʳ ʱʨʸʳʰʻʲ ʳʵʽʳʬʫʬʩʬʩʹ,
ʸʵʳʬʲʯʨ˂ ʭʬʫʬʩʰʹ ʱʨʸʳʨ-ʱʨʴʫʨ ʻʸˁʬʭʹ ʳʨʯ. ʳʨʯ ʹʨʱʻʯʨʸʰ ʪʻʲʰʹʯʽʳʨ
ʪʨʻˆʫʰʨʯ ʩʨʺʵʴʨʫ ʫʨ ʮʬ˂ʰʹʨʱʬʴ ˃ʨʲʻʳʨʫ ʰʹ˄ʸʨʼʰʨʴ, ʹʨʫʨ˂ ʾʭʰʴʵ ʫʨ
ʽʨʲʬʩʰ ʩʲʵʳʨʫ ʬʪʻʲʬʩʨʯ ʫʨ ʳʨʺʬʸʰʨʲʻʸʰ ʹʰʳʫʰʫʸʬ˂ ʯʨʭʮʬ
ʹʨʿʸʬʲʨʫʨʨ.
ʹʰʴʨʳʫʭʰʲʬˀʰ, ʮʬ˂ʰʻʸ ʶʲʨʴʬʺʬʩʮʬ ʨʹʨʳʨʾʲʬʩʲʨʫ ʭʬʫʬʩʰ
ʳʸʨʭʨʲʪʭʨʸ ʳʹˆʭʬʸʶʲˀʬ˄ʰʸʭʨʹ ʻʸˁʬʭʬʴ ʨʫʨʳʰʨʴʬʩʹ, ʪʨʴʹʨʱʻʯʸʬʩʰʯ
ʳʴʰˀʭʴʬʲʵʭʴʨʫ ʰʯʭʲʬʩʨ ˇʰʵʺʰˀʺʵʳʨ ʳʹˆʭʬʸʶʲˀʬ˄ʰʸʭʨ.
ʪʵʴʬʩʨˁʲʻʴʪʴʰ ʱʰ ʯʭʲʰʨʴ, ʸʵʳ ʭʬʫʬʩʰʹ ʳʰʮʨʴʰʨ, ʱʨ˂ʹ ʳˆʵʲʵʫ
ʹʨʱʻʯʨʸʰ ʪʸ˃ʴʵʩʬʩʰʹ ʺʱʩʵʩʨ ʻʽʨʫʨʪʵʹ ʫʨ ʳʰʹʰ ʳʰʾ˄ʬʭʰʹ ʰʵʲʰ ʪʮʬʩʰ˂
ʻˁʭʬʴʵʹ.

40

Tavi meore – gitas mokle Sinaarsi

ʬʹ ʨʹʬ ʨʸ ʨʸʰʹ! ʮʬ˂ʰʻʸ ʶʲʨʴʬʺʬʩʨʳʫʬ ʳʰʹʨʾ˄ʬʭʨʫ, ʸʵʪʵʸ˂ ʭʯʽʭʰʯ,
ʳʬʺʨʫ ʸʯʻʲʰ ʫʨ ʹʶʬ˂ʰʨʲʻʸʰ ʳʹˆʭʬʸʶʲˀʬ˄ʰʸʭʬʩʰʹ ˀʬʹʸʻʲʬʩʨʨ
ʹʨ˅ʰʸʵ, ʻʨʳʰʹʵʫ ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ ˂ʴʵʩʰʬʸʬʩʨˀʰ ʫʨʫʪʰʴʬʩʨ ˃ʨʲʰʨʴ ˃ʴʬʲʰʨ.
ʸʵʪʵʸ˂ ʹʻʲʬʲʬʩʹ ʰʮʰʫʨʭʹ ˀˆʨʳʰʨʴʰ ˆʬʬʩʰʹ ʲʨʳʨʮʰ ʴʨʿʵʼʰ ʫʨ
ʳʵʹʨʲʵʫʴʬʲʰ ʹʨʼʸʯˆʬ ʨʾʨʸ˂ ʨˆʹʬʴʫʬʩʨʯ, ʨʹʬʭʬ ˆʰʩʲʨʭʯ, ʻʪʻʴʻʸʯ
ʮʬ˂ʰʻʸʰ ʹʰʳʫʰʫʸʬ ʫʨ ʳʰʹʰ ʯʨʴʳˆʲʬʩʰ ʪʸ˃ʴʵʩʨ ʫʨʱʳʨʿʵʼʰʲʬʩʨ.
ʭʬʫʬʩʰʹ ʱʨʸʳʨ-ʱʨʴʫʨ ʴʨ˄ʰʲˀʰ ʴʨʯʽʭʨʳʰʨ: ʨˈʨʳ ʹʵʳʨʳ ʨʳʸʰʺʨ ʨʩˈʻʳʨ ʫʨ
ʨʽˀʨʰʨʰʨʳ ˈʨ ʭʨʰ ˁʨʺʻʸʳʨʹʰʨ-ʰʨˇʰʴʨˈ ʹʻʱʸʰʺʨʳ ʩˈʨʭʨʺʰ – ʰʹʰʴʰ, ʭʰʴ˂
ʵʯˆʰ ʯʭʰʹ ʳʨʴ˃ʰʲʮʬ ʪʨʫʰʨʴ ʬʶʰʯʰʳʰʨʹ, ʾʰʸʹʰ ˆʫʬʩʰʨʴ, ˀʬʹʭʨʴ ʴʬʽʺʨʸʰ
ʹʵʳʨ-ʸʨʹʨ, ʸʵʳʬʲʰ˂ ʻʱʭʫʨʭʬʩʨʹʨ ʫʨ ʳʨʸʨʫʰʻʲ ʩʬʫʴʰʬʸʬʩʨʹ ʳʵʻʺʨʴʹ
ʳʨʯ. ʯʭʰʯ ʨʳ ʶʲʨʴʬʺʨʮʬ˂ ʩʬʭʸʹ ʨʽʭʹ ʫʰʫʰ ʹʻʸʭʰʲʰ, ʰʪʬʳʵʹ ʹʵʳʨ-ʸʨʹʨ,
ʪʨ˃ʲʰʬʸʫʬʹ ʫʨ ˆʵʸ˂ʰʹʳʰʬʸ ʴʬʺʨʸʬʩʨʹ ʳʰʬ˂ʬʹ. ʨʳʪʭʨʸ ʶʰʸʵʭʴʬʩʬʩʹ
ʳʨʺʬʸʰʨʲʻʸʰ ʺʿʭʬʵʩʰʫʨʴ ʪʨʴʯʨʭʰʹʻʼʲʬʩʰʹ ʸ˄ʳʬʴʨ ʫʨˀʸʬʺʰʲʰ ʨʽʭʯ
ʫʨ ʳʬʺʰʹʳʬʺʰ ʪʻʲʳʵʫʪʰʴʬʩʰʯ ʨʹʸʻʲʬʩʬʴ ʭʬʫʻʸʰ
ʳʹˆʭʬʸʶʲˀʬ˄ʰʸʭʬʩʰʹ ˄ʸʬʪʨʫʨʹʻʲ ˂ʬʸʬʳʵʴʰʬʩʹ. ʳʫʰʫʸʻʲ ʨʭˆʵʸ˂ʻʲ
˄ʨʫʰʲʹ ʨʿʵʲʰʲʴʰ ʮʬ˂ʰʻʸʰ ʹʰʨʳʵʭʴʬʩʬʩʰʹ ʪʨʸʫʨ ʹˆʭʨ ʨʸʨʼʬʸʮʬ
ʼʰʽʸʵʩʬʴ. ʳʨʯʰ ʯʭʨʲʹʨ˄ʰʬʸʰ ˄ʨʲʱʵʺʰ ʨʴʨʴʫʨ-ʱʨʴʨʴʨʨ, ʹʨʫʨ˂ ˈʨʬʸʵʭʨʴ
ʳˀʭʬʴʰʬʸ ʽʨʲʬʩʯʨʴ ʻʸʯʰʬʸʯʵʩʰʹʨ ʫʨ ʻʲʬʭʰ ʹʵʳʨ-ʸʨʹʨ ʾʭʰʴʰʯ
ʯʸʵʩʰʹ ˀʬʹʨ˃ʲʬʩʲʵʩʨ ʨʸʹʬʩʵʩʹ. ʨʹʬʯʰ ʨʫʨʳʰʨʴʬʩʰ ʫʸʵʬʩʰʯʰ
ʹˆʬʻʲʰʹʳʰʬʸʰ ʩʬʫʴʰʬʸʬʩʰʹʨʱʬʴ ʨˀʱʨʸʨʫ ʲʺʵʲʭʰʹ ʳʵʴʨʫ ʽʳʴʰʲʨʴ ʫʨ
ʯʨʭʰ ʳʨʺʬʸʰʨʲʻʸʰ ʹʨʳʿʨʸʵʹ ʳʩʸ˃ʨʴʬʩʲʬʩʨʫ ˄ʨʸʳʵʻʫʪʬʴʰʨʯ.
44) ʰʹ, ʭʰʹ ʪʵʴʬʩʨʹʨ˂ ʭʬʸ ʫʨʻʳʹˆʭʸʬʭʰʨ ʪʸ˃ʴʵʩʨʯʨ ʫʨ ʳʰ˄ʰʬʸʰ
ʹʰʳʫʰʫʸʰʹ ʳʵʴʵʩʰʹ ˇʨ˅ʭʰ, ʭʰʹʨ˂ ʨʳʪʭʨʸʰ ʯʭʨʲʳʰʹʨʺʿʻʨʸʰʯ ʯʨʭʪʮʨ
ʨˈʩʴʬʭʰʨ, ʳʺʱʰ˂ʬʫ ʭʬʸ ʫʨʨʫʪʬʩʨ ʻʮʬʴʨʬʹʰ ʻʼʲʰʹʨʫʳʰ ʬʸʯʪʻʲ
ʳʹʨˆʻʸʬʩʰʹ ʪʸ˃ʬʲ ʪʮʨʹ.
ˀʰʴʨ-ʨʸʹʰ: ʹʨʳʨʫˈʰ ʴʰˀʴʨʭʹ “ʳʺʱʰ˂ʬ ˅ʱʻʨʹ”. ʭʬʫʻʸ ʲʬʽʹʰʱʵʴ ʴʰʸʻʽʺʰˀʰ
ʴʨʯʽʭʨʳʰʨ:
“ʳʫʪʵʳʨʸʬʵʩʨʹ, ʸʵʫʬʹʨ˂ ˅ʱʻʨ ʳʺʱʰ˂ʬʫ ʨʸʰʹ ʳʰʳʨʸʯʻʲʰ ʹʨʱʻʯʨʸʰ
ʳʬʵʩʰʹ ˀʬ˂ʴʵʩʰʹʨʱʬʴ, ʹʨʳʨʫˈʰ ʬ˄ʵʫʬʩʨ.” ʬʹ ʳʫʪʵʳʨʸʬʵʩʨ ʳʰʻʾ˄ʬʭʬʲʰʨ
ˆʵʸ˂ʰʬʲʰ ʪʸ˃ʴʵʩʨʯʨ ʫʨʱʳʨʿʵʼʰʲʬʩʰʹ ʳʹʨˆʻʸʯʨʯʭʰʹ, ʨʪʸʬʯʭʬ
ʳʨʯʯʭʰʹ, ʭʰʹʨ˂ ʨʳʪʭʨʸʰ ʫʸʵʬʩʰʯʰ ʱʬʯʰʲʫʾʬʵʩʨ ʨ˂ʯʻʴʬʩʹ.
ʳʨʺʬʸʰʨʲʻʸʰ ʬʴʬʸʪʰʰʹ ʳʵʽʳʬʫʬʩʰʯ ʰʹʰʴʰ ʹˆʭʨʫʨʹˆʭʨʪʭʨʸʨʫ ʰʹˇʬʩʰʨʴ.
45) ʭʬʫʬʩʰ ˃ʰʸʰʯʨʫʨʫ ʳʨʺʬʸʰʨʲʻʸʰ ʩʻʴʬʩʰʹ ʹʨʳ ʳʵʫʻʹʹ ʬˆʬʩʨ. ʵ,
ʨʸˇʻʴʨ! ʨʾʮʬʭʫʰ ʨʳ ʹʨʳ ʳʵʫʻʹʮʬ ʳʨʾʲʨ, ʻʱʻʨʪʫʬ ʿʵʭʬʲʪʭʨʸʰ
ʵʸʳʨʪʵʩʰʹ – ʳʵˆʭʬ˅ʰʹʨ ʫʨ ʮʨʸʨʲʰʹ, ʻʹʨʼʸʯˆʵʬʩʰʹʨ ʫʨ ʪʨʴʹʨ˂ʫʬʲʰʹ

41

Tavi meore – gitas mokle Sinaarsi

ʫʨ ʹˆʭʨ ʨʳʨʵʬʩʨʯʨ ʺʭʰʸʯʰ, ʹʸʻʲʰʽʳʬʴ ʫʨ ʹʨʱʻʯʨʸ “ʳʬ”-ˀʰ
ʫʨʫʪʰʴʬʩʻʲʳʨ ˈʶʵʭʬ ʯʨʭʰʹʻʼʲʬʩʨ.
ˀʰʴʨ-ʨʸʹʰ: ʿʵʭʬʲʰ ʳʰ˄ʰʬʸʰ ʹʨʽʳʰʨʴʵʩʨ ʳʨʺʬʸʰʨʲʻʸʰ ʩʻʴʬʩʰʹ ʹʨʳʰ
ʳʵʫʻʹʰʹ ʸʱʨʲˀʰ ˆʵʸ˂ʰʬʲʫʬʩʨ ʫʨ ʱʨʸʳʰʻʲ ˀʬʫʬʪʬʩʹʨ˂ ʪʨʴʨʶʰʸʵʩʬʩʹ,
ʸʨ˂ ʳʰ˄ʰʬʸʬʩʰʹ ʺʿʭʬʫ ʽ˂ʬʭʰʹ ʳʰʮʬʮʰ ˆʫʬʩʨ.
ʭʬʫʬʩʰ ʱʨʸʳʰʻʲ ʹʨʽʳʰʨʴʵʩʨʹʨ˂ ʬˆʬʩʨ, ʸʨʯʨ ʪʸ˃ʴʵʩʨʯʨ
ʫʨʱʳʨʿʵʼʰʲʬʩʰʹ ʳʻʫʳʰʭ ʹʨʳʹʨˆʻʸˀʰ ʫʨʳʫʨʩʲʬʩʻʲʴʰ ʯʨʴʫʨʯʨʴʵʩʰʯ
ʺʸʨʴʹ˂ʬʴʫʬʴʺʻʸ ʫʵʴʬʳʫʬ ʨʨʳʨʾʲʵʹ. ʸʵʪʵʸ˂ ʻʼʲʰʹ ʳʬʪʵʩʨʸʹ,
ʨʸˇʻʴʨʹ ʬ˃ʲʬʭʨ ʸˁʬʭʨ, ʨʳʨʾʲʫʬʹ ʭʬʫʨʴʺʨʹ ʳʵ˃ʾʭʸʬʩʰʹ ʹʨʼʬˆʻʸʨʳʫʬ,
ʸʵʳʲʰʹ ʫʨʹʨ˄ʿʰʹˀʰ ʩʸʨˈʳʨ-ˇʰˇʴʨʹʨʹ, ʨʴʻ ʻʳʨʾʲʬʹ ʺʸʨʴʹ˂ʬʴʫʬʴ˂ʰʨʮʬ
ˀʬʱʰʯˆʭʬʩʹ ʻʴʫʨ ʻʶʨʹʻˆʵʹ.
ʿʵʭʬʲʰ ʹʻʲʫʪʳʻʲʰ ʯʨʭʪʨʫʨʱʲʻʲʰ ʰʩʸ˃ʭʰʹ ʨʸʹʬʩʵʩʰʹʨʯʭʰʹ.
ʳʨʺʬʸʰʨʲʻʸʰ ʹʨʳʿʨʸʵʹ ˀʬʽʳʴʰʹ ˀʬʳʫʬʪ ʻʼʨʲʳʨ ʳʨʯ ʻʩʵ˃ʨ ʭʬʫʻʸʰ
ʹʰʩʸ˃ʴʬ ʫʨ ʨʹ˄ʨʭʲʨ, ʸʵʪʵʸ ʰ˂ˆʵʭʸʵʴ, ʰʾʭʨ˄ʵʴ ʫʨ ʪʨʴʯʨʭʰʹʻʼʲʫʴʬʴ
ʳʰ˄ʰʬʸʬʩʰʹ ʺʿʭʬʵʩʰʫʨʴ. ʪʸ˃ʴʵʩʨʯʨ ʫʨʱʳʨʿʵʼʰʲʬʩʰʹʨʯʭʰʹ ʰʳ
ʳ˂ʫʬʲʵʩʨ-ʪʨʸˇʰʹ ʫʨʹʸʻʲʬʩʰʹ ˀʬʳʫʬʪ, ʸʨʮʬʫʨ˂ ʲʨʶʨʸʨʱʰʨ ʯʨʭˀʰ –
ʱʨʸʳʨ-ʱʨʴʫʨ, ʨʫʨʳʰʨʴʬʩʹ ʹʻʲʰʬʸʰ ʯʭʰʯˀʬ˂ʴʵʩʨ-ʪʨʳʵʭʲʰʴʬʩʰʹ
ʹʨˀʻʨʲʬʩʨ ʬ˃ʲʬʭʨʯ ʻʶʨʴʰˀʨʫʬʩʰʹ ʫʨˆʳʨʸʬʩʰʯ. ʬʹ ʻʱʨʴʨʹʱʴʬʲʴʰ
ʹˆʭʨʫʨʹˆʭʨ ʭʬʫʨʹ ʴʨ˄ʰʲʬʩʹ ˄ʨʸʳʵʨʫʪʬʴʬʴ ʰʹʬʭʬ, ʸʵʪʵʸ˂ “ʩˈʨʪʨʭʨʫʪʰʺʨʨ” ʳʬˆʻʯʬ ʭʬʫʨʹ – “ʳʨˈʨʩˈʨʸʨʺʨʹ” ʴʨ˄ʰʲʰ. ʻʶʨʴʰˀʨʫʬʩʰʯ ʰ˄ʿʬʩʨ
ʺʸʨʴʹ˂ʬʴʫʬʴʺʻʸʰ ˂ˆʵʭʸʬʩʰʹ ʨʾ˄ʬʸʨ.
ʹʨʴʨʳ ʴʰʭʯʵʩʸʰʭʰ ʹˆʬʻʲʰ ʨʸʹʬʩʵʩʹ, ʳʨʹ ʳʨʺʬʸʰʨʲʻʸ ʳʵʫʻʹʯʨ
ʨʸʬʨʲˀʰ ʽʳʬʫʬʩʨ ʫʨ ʻʱʻʽʳʬʫʬʩʨ ʨˆʨʹʰʨʯʬʩʹ. ʨʫʨʳʰʨʴʳʨ ʻʴʫʨ ʰʹ˄ʨʭʲʵʹ
ʰʹʬʯʰ ʵʸʳʨʪʰ, ˄ʰʴʨʨʾʳʫʬʪʵʩʸʰʭʰ ˀʰʴʨʨʸʹʰʹ ʳʽʵʴʬ ʳʵʭʲʬʴʨʯʨ ʨʺʨʴʨ,
ʸʵʪʵʸʰ˂ʨʨ ʻʩʬʫʻʸʬʩʨ-ʩʬʫʴʰʬʸʬʩʨ, ʹʰ˂ˆʬ-ʹʰ˂ʰʭʬ, ʳʵʪʬʩʨ-ʮʨʸʨʲʰ... ʫʨ
ʨʳ ʪʮʰʯ ʪʨʴʯʨʭʰʹʻʼʲʫʬʹ ʳʨʯʪʨʴ ʪʨʳʵ˄ʭʬʻʲʰ ˀʼʵʯʭʨ-˅ʳʻʴʭʰʹʨʪʨʴ.
ʨʳʪʭʨʸʰ ʺʸʨʴʹ˂ʬʴʫʬʴʺʻʸʰ ʳʫʪʵʳʨʸʬʵʩʨ ʹʸʻʲʨʫ ʳʰʰʾ˄ʬʭʨ ʳˆʵʲʵʫ
ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ ˂ʴʵʩʰʬʸʬʩʰʹ ʹʨʮʾʭʸʬʩˀʰ – ʸʵʫʬʹʨ˂ ʶʰʸʵʭʴʬʩʨ ʳʯʲʰʨʴʨʫ
ʳʰʬʴʫʵʩʨ ʻʮʬʴʨʬʹʰʹ ʳ˄ʿʨʲʵʩʬʲ ʴʬʩʨʹ.
46) ʸʨʹʨ˂ ʶʨʺʨʸʨ ˅ʨˀʰ ˁʨʳʫʪʨʸʰ ʰʽʳʹ, ʪʨ˂ʰʲʬʩʰʯ ʳʬʺʹ ˀʬ˃ʲʬʩʹ
˄ʿʨʲʻˆʭʰ ʳʵʸʬʭʰ. ʹ˄ʵʸʬʫ ʨʹʬʭʬ, ʭʰʴ˂ ʭʬʫʬʩʰʹ ʹʨʩʵʲʵʵ ʳʰʮʨʴʹ –
ʩʸʨˈʳʨʹ ʫʨʬʻʼʲʬʩʨ, ʳʰʹʯʭʰʹ ʳʯʬʲʰ ʭʬʫʬʩʰʹ ˀʰʴʨʨʸʹʰ ʪʨʹʨʪʬʩʰ ˆʫʬʩʨ.
ˀʰʴʨ-ʨʸʹʰ: ʭʬʫʻʸʰ ʲʰʺʬʸʨʺʻʸʰʹ ʱʨʸʳʨ-ʱʨʴʫʨ ʴʨ˄ʰʲˀʰ ʴʨˆʹʬʴʬʩʰ
ʸʰʺʻʨʲʬʩʰʹ ʫʨ ʳʹˆʭʬʸʶʲˀʬ˄ʰʸʭʬʩʰʹ ʫʨʴʰˀʴʻʲʬʩʨʨ, ˀʯʨʨʪʵʴʵʹ ʫʨ
ʳʵʨʳʮʨʫʵʹ ʨʫʨʳʰʨʴʬʩʰ ʯʨʴʫʨʯʨʴʵʩʰʯ ʯʭʰʯʸʬʨʲʰʮʨ˂ʰʰʹʨʯʭʰʹ. ˆʵʲʵ
ʯʭʰʯʸʬʨʲʰʮʨ˂ʰʰʹ ʳʰʮʨʴʰ ʴʨʯʲʨʫ ʨʸʰʹ ʪʨʳʵˆʨʺʻʲʰ “ʩˈʨʪʨʭʨʫ-ʪʰʺʨʹ”
ʳʬʯˆʻʯʳʬʺʬ ʯʨʭˀʰ (15.15): ʭʬʫʬʩʰʹ ˀʬʹ˄ʨʭʲʰʹ ʳʰʮʨʴʰʨ ʻʼʨʲʰ ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ,

42

Tavi meore – gitas mokle Sinaarsi

ʿʭʬʲʨʼʸʰʹ ʶʰʸʭʬʲʳʰʮʬʮʰʹ ˀʬ˂ʴʵʩʨ. ʨʹʬ ʸʵʳ, ʯʭʰʯʸʬʨʲʰʮʨ˂ʰʨ ʿʭʬʲʨʹ
ʫʨ ʨʳʨʹʯʨʴ ˂ʵ˂ˆʨʲʰ ʨʸʹʬʩʬʩʰʹ ʳʨʸʨʫʰʻʲʰ ʻʸʯʰʬʸʯʵʩʰʹ ʪʨʪʬʩʨʹ
ʴʰˀʴʨʭʹ. ʨʳ ʻʸʯʰʬʸʯʵʩʰʹ ˀʬʹʨˆʬʩ ʨʸʰʹ ʴʨˆʹʬʴʬʩʰ “ʩˈʨʪʨʭʨʫ-ʪʰʺʨʹ”
ʳʬʯˆʻʯʳʬʺʬ ʯʨʭˀʰ (15.7): ˂ʵ˂ˆʨʲʰ ʨʸʹʬʩʬʩʰ ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ ʪʨʴʻʿʵʼʬʲʰ
ʴʨ˄ʰʲʨʱʬʩʰ ʨʸʰʨʴ. ʨʳʰʺʵʳ ʳʨʯʯʭʰʹ ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ ˂ʴʵʩʰʬʸʬʩʰʹ ʨʾʫʪʬʴʨ
ʭʬʫʻʸʰ ʲʰʺʬʸʨʺʻʸʰʹ ʳʰˆʬʫʭʰʯ ʹʸʻʲʿʵʼʰʹ ʻʳʨʾʲʬʹʰ ʹʨʼʬˆʻʸʰ
ʪʨˆʲʨʭʯ. “ˀʸʰʳʨʫ-ʩˈʨʪʨʭʨʺʨʳˀʰ” (3.33.7) ʬʹ ˀʬʳʫʬʪʴʨʰʸʨʫ ʨʸʰʹ
ʫʨʫʨʹʺʻʸʬʩʻʲʰ: (˂ʰʺʨʺʨ)
“ʵ, ˁʬʳʵ ʻʼʨʲʵ, ʰʹ, ʭʰʴ˂ ˀʬʴʹ ˄ʳʰʴʫʨ ʹʨˆʬʲʹ ʪʨʲʵʩʹ, ˁʨʴʫʨʲʨʹ
(˃ʨʾʲʰʹʳ˅ʨʳʬʲʰʹ) ʫʨʩʨʲ ʵˇʨˆˀʰ˂ ʸʵʳ ʰʿʵʹ ʫʨʩʨʫʬʩʻʲʰ,
ʯʭʰʯʸʬʨʲʰʮʨ˂ʰʰʹ ʻʳʨʾʲʬʹ ʹʨʼʬˆʻʸʮʬ ʰʱʨʭʬʩʹ ʨʫʪʰʲʹ. ʨʳʪʭʨʸ
ʶʰʸʵʭʴʬʩʨʹ ʻʹʨʯʻʵʫ ʬʽʴʬʩʨ ʪʨʭʲʰʲʰ ʿʵʭʬʲʪʭʨʸʰ ʬʶʰʯʰʳʰʨ ʫʨ
ʳʹˆʭʬʸʶʲˀʬ˄ʰʸʭʨ ʭʬʫʻʸʰ ʸʰʺʻʨʲʬʩʰʹ ʯʨʴʨˆʳʨʫ ʫʨ ʳʸʨʭʨʲʪʮʰʹʨ˂
ˁʨʻʾʸʳʨʭʫʬʩʵʫʨ ʭʬʫʻʸ ʲʰʺʬʸʨʺʻʸʨʹ ʳ˄ʰʸʵʩʰʹ ˄ʳʰʴʫʨ ʨʫʪʰʲʬʩˀʰ
ʨʸʨʬʸʯˆʬʲ ʪʨʴʩʨʴʭʰʹ ˀʬʳʫʬʪ. ʨʹʬʯʰ ʶʰʸʵʭʴʬʩʨ ʪʨʳʵʸˁʬʻʲʰʨ ʨʸʰʬʲʯʨ
ˀʵʸʰʹ”.
ʨʳʸʰʪʨʫ, ʨʫʨʳʰʨʴʹ ʪʵʴʰʬʸʬʩʨ ʻʴʫʨ ʬʿʵʹ ʭʬʫʬʩʰʹ ʳʰʮʴʰʹ ˀʬʹʨ˂ʴʵʩʨʫ,
ʳʨʸʺʵ ʸʰʺʻʨʲʬʩʹ ʨʸ ʻʴʫʨ ʪʨʫʨʿʭʬʹ ʫʨ ʪʸ˃ʴʵʩʨʯʨ ʹʸʻʲʰ
ʫʨʱʳʨʿʵʼʰʲʬʩʰʹ ʳʰʮʴʰʯ ʮʬ˂ʰʻʸ ʹʨʳʬʼʵʬʩʮʬ ʨʳʨʾʲʬʩʨʹ ʨʸ ʳʵʬʲʵʫʬʹ.
ʨʳ ʬʶʵʽʨˀʰ ˁʭʬʻʲʬʩʸʰʭʰ ʨʫʨʳʰʨʴʰʹʨʯʭʰʹ ʭʬʫʻʸʰ ʸʰʺʻʨʲʬʩʰʹ ʿʵʭʬʲʰ
˄ʬʹʰʹʨ ʫʨ ʸʬʪʻʲʨ˂ʰʰʹ ˀʬʹʸʻʲʬʩʨ ˀʬʻ˃ʲʬʩʬʲʰʨ, ʨʹʬʭʬ
˄ʨʸʳʵʻʫʪʬʴʬʲʰʨ ʭʬʫʨʴʺʰʹʨ ʫʨ ʻʶʨʴʰˀʨʫʬʩʰʹ ʹʨʼʻ˃ʭʲʰʨʴʨʫ ˀʬʹ˄ʨʭʲʨ.
ʭʬʫʬʩʰʹ ʫʨʴʰˀʴʻʲʬʩʰʹ ʪʨʴˆʵʸ˂ʰʬʲʬʩʨ ʫʰʫ ʫʸʵʹ, ʬʴʬʸʪʰʨʹ, ˂ʵʫʴʨʹʨ
ʫʨ ʹʨˆʹʸʬʩʹ ʳʵʰʯˆʵʭʹ. ʬʹ ʨʸ ʨʸʰʹ ʹʨʪʨʴʪʨˀʵ – ʭʬʫʻʸʰ ʱʻʲʺʻʸʰʹ
ʹʨʻʱʬʯʬʹʵ ʳʰʮʴʨʳʫʬ ʳʰʹʭʲʨ ˀʬʹʨ˃ʲʬʩʬʲʰʨ ʻʩʸʨʲʵʫ ʻʼʲʰʹ ˄ʳʰʴʫʨ
ʹʨˆʬʲʬʩʰʹ ʪʨʲʵʩʰʯ, ʸʵʪʵʸ˂ ʨʳʨʹ ʻʼʨʲʰ ˁʨʰʺʨʴʰʨ, ʿʭʬʲʨ ʫʨ˂ʬʳʻʲʰ
ʹʻʲʰʹ ʳˆʹʴʬʲʰ, ʪʭʨʹ˄ʨʭʲʰʹ.
ʸʵʫʬʹʨ˂ ʭʬʫʻʸʰ ʲʰʺʬʸʨʺʻʸʰʹ ʫʰʫʳʨ ʳ˂ʵʫʴʬʳ ʶʸʨʱʨˀʨʴʨʴʫʨ
ʹʨʸʨʹʭʨʺʰʳ ʻʼʨʲ ˁʨʰʺʨʴʰʨʹ ˈʱʰʯˆʨ, ʭʬʫʨʴʺʨʹ ʼʰʲʵʹʵʼʰʰʹ ˀʬʹ˄ʨʭʲʰʹ
ʴʨ˂ʭʲʨʫ ʻʮʬʴʨʬʹʰʹ ˄ʳʰʴʫʨ ʹʨˆʬʲʹ ʳʬʵ˂ʴʬʩʬʹʨʭʰʯ ʸʨʺʵʳ ʰʳʬʵʸʬʩʫʨ
ʪʨʲʵʩʰʯ, ʻʼʨʲʳʨ ʻʶʨʹʻˆʨ, ʸʵʳ ʳʰʹʰ ʹʻʲʰʬʸʰ ʳʵ˃ʾʭʨʸʰ ʬʸʯʵʩ
ʹʻʲʬʲʨʫ ʯʭʲʰʫʨ ʳʨʹ ʫʨ ʻʸˁʰʨ ʻʮʬʴʨʬʹʰ ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ ʹʨˆʬʲʰ
ʪʨʴʻ˄ʿʭʬʺʲʰʭ ʳʵʬˆʹʬʴʰʬʩʰʴʨ ʪʨʲʵʩʰʯ. ʰʪʰ ʨʹʬ˂ ʳʵʰʽ˂ʨ ʫʨ ʨʾʺʱʰʴʬʩʨʹ
ʳʰʬ˂ʨ.
ʱʨʲʰʹ ʨʳ ʬʶʵʽʨˀʰ ʨʫʨʳʰʨʴʯʨ ʻʳʸʨʭʲʬʹʵʩʨ ʻʳʬ˂ʨʸʰʨ ʫʨ ʭʬʫʨʴʺʨʹ
ʳʵ˃ʾʭʸʬʩʰʹ ʪʨʹʨʪʬʩʨʫ ʬʸʯʵʩ ʮʬʸʬʲʬ ˂ʵʫʴʨ ʨʽʭʹ. ʨʳ ʼʰʲʵʹʵʼʰʰʹ
ʻʳʨʾʲʬʹʰ ʳʰʮʴʰʹ ʳʰʾ˄ʬʭʨ ʻʼʲʰʹ ˄ʳʰʴʫʨ ʹʨˆʬʲʬʩʰʹ ʯʨʭʫʨʭʰ˄ʿʬʩʰʯ
ʪʨʲʵʩʰʯʨʨ ˀʬʹʨ˃ʲʬʩʬʲʰ. ʭʬʫʨʴʺʨ ʻʱʨʴʨʹʱʴʬʲʰ ʹʰʺʿʭʨʨ ʭʬʫʻʸ

43

Tavi meore – gitas mokle Sinaarsi

ʹʰʩʸ˃ʴʬˀʰ, ˆʵʲʵ ʭʬʫʨʴʺʨʹ ʼʰʲʵʹʵʼʰʰʹ ˀʬʳʵʽʳʬʫʰ ʫʨ
ʪʨʳʨʭʸ˂ʬʲʬʩʬʲʰ ʯʨʭʨʫ ʻʮʬʴʨʬʹʰ ʱʸʰˀʴʨʨ.
ʻʳʨʾʲʬʹʰ ʭʬʫʨʴʺʰʹʺʰ ʰʹ ʫʰʨʫʰ ʹʻʲʰʨ, ʭʰʹʨ˂ ʻʼʲʰʹ ˄ʳʰʴʫʨ
ʹʨˆʬʲʬʩʰʹ ʨʾʺʿʰʴʬʩʻʲʰ ʫʨ ʪʨʴʻ˄ʿʭʬʺʬʲʰ ʪʨʲʵʩʨ ʹʰʨʳʵʭʴʬʩʹ – ʬʹ ʨʸʰʹ
ʳʯʬʲʰ ʭʬʫʬʩʰʹ ʳʰʹʺʰʻʸʰ ˀʰʴʨʨʸʹʰ ʫʨ ʳʰʹʰʨ.
47) ˀʬʴ ʰʾʭʨ˄ʬ, ʸʨʯʨ ˀʬʨʹʸʻʲʵ ˀʬʴʮʬ ʫʨ˄ʬʹʬʩʻʲʰ ʳʵʭʨʲʬʵʩʬʩʰ, ʳʨʪʸʨʳ
ʨʳ ʾʭʨ˄ʲʰʹ ʴʨʿʵʼʹ ʴʻ ʫʨʬˆʨʸʩʬʩʰ – ʰʹ ˀʬʴ ʨʸ ʪʬʱʻʯʭʴʰʹ. ʴʻʸʨʹʵʫʬʹ
ʳʰʰˁʴʬʭ ʯʨʭʹ ʹʨʱʻʯʨʸʰ ʳʵʽʳʬʫʬʩʬʩʰʹ ˀʬʫʬʪʯʨ ʳʰʮʬʮʨʫ.
ʻʽʳʨʫʿʵʼʴʨʮʬ˂ ʻʨʸʰ ʯʽʭʰ.
ˀʰʴʨ-ʨʸʹʰ: ʨʳ ʲʬʽʹˀʰ ʹʨʳʰ ʹʨʱʰʯˆʰʨ ʪʨʴˆʰʲʻʲʰ: ʫʨ˄ʬʹʬʩʻʲʰ
ʳʵʭʨʲʬʵʩʬʩʰ, ʯʭʰʯʴʬʩʻʲʰ ʳʵʽʳʬʫʬʩʨ ʫʨ ʻʳʵʽʳʬʫʵʩʨ.
ʫʨ˄ʬʹʬʩʻʲʰ ʳʵʭʨʲʬʵʩʬʩʰ ʹʸʻʲʫʬʩʨ ʶʰʸʵʭʴʬʩʨʮʬ ʳʵʽʳʬʫʰ
ʳʨʺʬʸʰʨʲʻʸʰ ʩʻʴʬʩʰʹ ʳʵʫʻʹʬʩʰʹ ʳʰˆʬʫʭʰʯ, ʯʭʰʯʴʬʩʻʸʰ ʳʵʽʳʬʫʬʩʨ
ʿʵʭʬʲʪʭʨʸʰ ʴʬʩʨʸʯʭʰʹ (ʯʻʴʫʨ˂ ʨʭʺʵʸʰʺʬʺʬʩʰʹ ʳˆʸʰʫʨʴ) ʸˁʬʭʰʹ
ʪʨʸʬˀʬ ˆʫʬʩʨ, ˆʵʲʵ ʻʳʵʽʳʬʫʵʩʨ ʫʨʫʪʬʴʰʲʰ ʳʵʭʨʲʬʵʩʬʩʰʹ
ˀʬʻʹʸʻʲʬʩʲʵʩʨʨ.
ʻʼʨʲʳʨ ʨʸˇʻʴʨʹ ʻʸˁʰʨ, ʻʨʸʰ ʬʯʽʭʨ ʻʳʵʽʳʬʫʵʩʨʮʬ, ʯʨʭʰʫʨʴ ʨʳʵʬʪʫʵ
ˀʬʫʬʪʬʩʰʹ ʹʨʸʪʬʩʲʰʨʴʵʩʨ – ʮʨʸʨʲʮʬ ʼʰʽʸʰ ʫʨ ʰʹʬ ʨʾʬʹʸʻʲʬʩʰʴʨ
ʯʨʭʰʹʰ ʭʨʲʰ. ʰʹ, ʭʰʴ˂ ʸʨʰʳʬʹ ʱʬʯʬʩʰʹ ʫʸʵʹ ʳˆʵʲʵʫ ʰʳʨʮʬ ʼʰʽʸʵʩʹ, ʸʨ
ʪʨʳʵʸˁʬʴʨ ʬʽʴʬʩʨ ʨʽʬʫʨʴ, ʸʨ ˀʬʫʬʪʹ ʳʵʰʳʱʰʹ, ʸʰʯ ʪʨʳʨʸʯʲʫʬʩʨ ʳʰʹʰ
ʹʰʹˆʲʰʹ ʨʴ ʵʼʲʰʹ ʾʭʸʨ, ʨʳ ʼʰʽʸʬʩʰʹ ˆʲʨʸʯʬʩˀʰ ʹʨʹʺʰʱʨʫ ʫʨʰʺʨʴˇʬʩʨ.
ʸʨ˂ ˀʬʬˆʬʩʨ ʫʨ˄ʬʹʬʩʻʲ ʳʵʭʨʲʬʵʩʬʩʹ, ʰʹʰʴʰ ˀʬʰ˃ʲʬʩʨ ʹʨʳ ʱʨʺʬʪʵʸʰʨʫ
ʫʨʰʿʵʴ: ʿʵʭʬʲʫʾʰʻʸ, ʪʨʴʹʨʱʻʯʸʬʩʻʲ ʫʨ ʹʨʹʻʸʭʬʲ ʳʵʽʳʬʫʬʩʬʩʨʫ.
ˀʬʫʬʪʬʩʰʯ ʺʱʩʵʩʰʹ ʹʻʸʭʰʲʰʹ ʪʨʸʬˀʬ, ˄ʳʰʴʫʨ ˄ʬʸʰʲʯʨ ʳʰʯʰʯʬʩʰʹ
ʯʨʴʨˆʳʨʫ ˀʬʹʸʻʲʬʩʻʲʰ ʿʵʭʬʲʫʾʰʻʸʰ ʹʨʽʳʰʨʴʵʩʨ ʹʨʯʴʵʬʩʰʹ
ʳʵʫʻʹˀʰ ʪʨʴʰˆʰʲʬʩʨ. ʳˆʵʲʵʫ ˀʬʫʬʪʬʩʮʬ ʳʵʼʰʽʸʨʲʰ ʱʨ˂ʰ ˀʸʵʳʰʹ ʺʿʭʬ
ˆʫʬʩʨ, ʨʳʰʺʵʳ ʨʳʪʭʨʸʰ ʳʵʽʳʬʫʬʩʨ ʹʨʹʰʱʬʯʵ ʨʸ ʨʸʰʹ. ʫʨ˄ʬʹʬʩʻʲʰ
ʳʵʭʨʲʬʵʩʬʩʰʹ ʻʨʴʪʨʸʵʫ ˀʬʹʸʻʲʬʩʨ ʿʭʬʲʨʹ ʭʨʲʰʨ. ʬʹ ʻʬ˅ʭʬʲʨʫ
ʻʱʭʨʲʨʭʹ ʨʫʨʳʰʨʴʹ ʪʨʴʯʨʭʰʹʻʼʲʬʩʰʹ ʪʮʨʹ.
ʨʳʰʺʵʳ ʻʼʨʲʳʨ ʨʸˇʻʴʨʹ ʳʵʭʨʲʬʵʩʰʹ ˀʬʹʸʻʲʬʩʨ ʻʸˁʰʨ, ʵʾʵʴʫ ʨʸ
ʻʴʫʨ ʬʼʰʽʸʨ ʩʸ˃ʵʲʰʹ ˀʬʫʬʪʬʩʮʬ. ʯʻ ʰʪʰ ʩʸ˃ʵʲʨˀʰ ʳʵʴʨ˄ʰʲʬʵʩʨʹ ʨʸ
ʳʰʰʾʬʩʫʨ, ʬʹ ʳʰˇʨ˅ʭʻʲʵʩʰʹ ʬʸʯ-ʬʸʯʰ ʳˆʨʸʬ ʰʽʴʬʩʵʫʨ ʫʨ ʭʬʸ˂ ʳʨʹ ʫʨ
ʭʬʸ˂ ʭʬʸʨʭʰʹ ʨʹʬʯʰ ʸʨʳ ˆʹʴʨʹ ʭʬʸ ʳʵʻʺʨʴʫʨ. ʴʬʩʰʹʳʰʬʸʰ ʹʨˆʰʹ
ʳʰˇʨ˅ʭʻʲʵʩʨ, ʫʨʫʬʩʰʯʰ ʯʻ ʻʨʸʿʵʼʰʯʰ, ʳʵʽʳʬʫʬʩʨʯʨ ʺʿʭʬʵʩʰʹ
ʳʰʮʬʮʹ ˄ʨʸʳʵʨʫʪʬʴʹ. ʻʳʵʽʳʬʫʵʩʨ˂ ˂ʵʫʭʨʨ. ʨʳʰʺʵʳ ʳʵʭʨʲʬʵʩʰʹ
ʨʾʹʸʻʲʬʩʰʹ ʨʻ˂ʰʲʬʩʲʵʩʨ ʩʸ˃ʵʲʰʹʱʬʴ ʻˆʳʵʩʫʨ ʨʸˇʻʴʨʹ ʫʨ ˆʹʴʰʹ
ʬʸʯʨʫʬʸʯ ʹʨʹʰʱʬʯʵ ʪʮʨʮʬ ʨʿʬʴʬʩʫʨ.

44

Tavi meore – gitas mokle Sinaarsi

48) ʪʵʴʬʩʨʳʿʨʸʳʨ ʫʨ ʪʻʲˀʬʻ˃ʸʭʬʲʳʨ ʨʾʨʹʸʻʲʬ ʿʭʬʲʨ ˀʬʴʰ ʳʵʭʨʲʬʵʩʨ
ʵ, ʨʸˇʻʴʨ, ʴʻ ˀʬʪʨˀʼʵʯʬʩʹ ˄ʨʸʳʨʺʬʩʨ ʫʨ ʳʨʸ˂ˆʰ. ʨʳʪʭʨʸ ʪʨ˄ʵʴʨʹ˄ʵʸʬʩʨʹ
ʰʵʪʨ ʬ˄ʵʫʬʩʨ.
ˀʰʴʨ-ʨʸʹʰ: ʱʸʰˀʴʨ ʰʵʪʨˀʰ ʫʨʫʪʰʴʫʬʹ ʻʸˁʬʭʹ ʨʸˇʻʴʨʹ. ʸʨ ʨʸʰʹ ʰʵʪʨ?
ʰʵʪʨ ʴʰˀʴʨʭʹ ʳʻʫʨʳ ʫʨʻʵʱʬʩʬʲʰ ʪʸ˃ʴʵʩʬʩʰʹ ʱʵʴʺʸʵʲʹ ʻʮʬʴʨʬʹʮʬ
ʹʨʱʻʯʨʸʰ ˅ʱʻʰʹ ʱʵʴ˂ʬʴʺʸʨ˂ʰʰʯ. ʻʮʬʴʨʬʹʰ ʨʸʰʹ ʻʼʨʲʰ ʫʨ ʭʰʴʨʰʫʨʴ
ʯʨʭʨʫ ʻʩʸ˃ʨʴʬʩʹ ʩʸ˃ʵʲʨʹ, ʨʸˇʻʴʨʹ ʩʸ˃ʵʲʰʹ ˀʬʫʬʪʯʨʴ ʨʾʨʸʨʼʬʸʰ
ʬʹʨʽʳʬʩʨ. ʪʨʳʨʸˇʭʬʩʨ ʨʴ ʫʨʳʨʸ˂ˆʬʩʨ ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ ʴʬʩʨʨ; ʨʸˇʻʴʨʹ ʻʩʸʨʲʵʫ
ʻʼʲʰʹ ʫʨʳʵ˃ʾʭʸʰʯ ʳʵʽʳʬʫʬʩʰʹ ʸˁʬʭʨ ʬ˃ʲʬʭʨ. ˅ʬˀʳʨʸʰʺ ʰʵʪʨʫ ʹ˄ʵʸʬʫ
ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ ʳʰʯʰʯʬʩʰʹ ˀʬʹʸʻʲʬʩʨ ʰʯʭʲʬʩʨ ʫʨ ʰʪʰ ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ ˂ʴʵʩʰʬʸʬʩʰʹ
ʸʱʨʲˀʰ ˆʵʸ˂ʰʬʲʫʬʩʨ. ʳˆʵʲʵʫ ʨʳ ˂ʴʵʩʰʬʸʬʩʰʹ ʴʬʩʰʯ ˃ʨʲʻ˃ʹ ʨʫʨʳʰʨʴʹ
ʳʬʹʨʱʻʯʸʬʵʩʰʹ ʪʸ˃ʴʵʩʰʹʨʪʨʴ ʪʨʴʯʨʭʰʹʻʼʲʬʩʨ. ʶʰʸʵʭʴʬʩʨ ʯʭʰʯ
ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ, ʨʴ ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ ʳʹʨˆʻʸʰʹ ʳʹʨˆʻʸʰ ʻʴʫʨ ʪʨˆʫʬʹ – ʬʹ ʳʵʭʨʲʬʵʩʰʹ
ˀʬʹʸʻʲʬʩʰʹ ʹ˄ʵʸʰ ʪʮʨʨ, ʸʵʳʬʲʰ˂ ʶʰʸʵʭʴʬʩʨʹ ʰʵʪʨʹ ʫʨʻʼʲʬʩʨʹ
ʻʨʫʭʰʲʬʩʹ.
ʨʸˇʻʴʨ ʽˀʨʺʸʰʨ ʪʨˆʲʨʭʯ ʫʨ ʭʨʸʴʨˀʸʨʳʨ-ʫˈʨʸʳʨʹ ʹʰʹʺʬʳʨʹ ʬʱʻʯʭʴʰʹ.
“ʭʰˀʴʻ ʶʻʸʨʴʨˀʰ” ʴʨʯʽʭʨʳʰʨ, ʸʵʳ ʭʨʸʴʨˀʸʨʳʨ-ʫˈʨʸʳʨʹ ʹʰʹʺʬʳʰʹ ʳʯʬʲ
ʳʰʮʨʴʹ ʭʰˀʴʻʹ ʫʨʱʳʨʿʵʼʰʲʬʩʨ ˄ʨʸʳʵʨʫʪʬʴʹ. ʨʫʨʳʰʨʴʰ ʻʴʫʨ
ʰʹ˄ʸʨʼʵʫʬʹ ʨʸʨ ʹʨʱʻʯʨʸʰ ʯʨʭʰʹ ʹʨʨʳʬʩʲʨʫ, ʸʵʪʵʸ˂ ʬʹ ˄ʬʹʨʫ
ʫʨʳʱʭʰʫʸʬʩʻʲʰʨ ʳʨʺʬʸʰʨʲʻʸ ʹʨʳʿʨʸʵˀʰ, ʨʸʨʳʬʫ ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ
ʱʳʨʿʵʼʰʲʬʩʰʹ ʳʰʹʨʾ˄ʬʭʨʫ, ʨʳʰʹ ʪʨʸʬˀʬ ʭʨʸʴʨˀʸʨʳʨ-ʫˈʨʸʳʨʹ ʶʸʰʴ˂ʰʶʬʩʰʹ
ʫʨ˂ʭʨ ˀʬʻ˃ʲʬʩʬʲʰʨ.
ʨʸˇʻʴʨʹ ʻʴʫʨ ʬʳʵʽʳʬʫʨ ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ ʳʰʯʰʯʬʩʨʯʨ ʯʨʴʨˆʳʨʫ.
49) ʵ, ʫˈʨʴʨʴˇʨʰʨ, ʬʸʯʪʻʲʰ ʹʨʳʹʨˆʻʸʰʯ ʨʰʸʰʫʬ ʿʵʭʬʲʪʭʨʸʰ
ʳʰʻʾʬʩʬʲʰ ʫʨ ʹʨ˃ʻʲʭʬʲʰ ʹʨʽʳʰʨʴʵʩʨ. ʨʳ ˂ʴʵʩʰʬʸʬʩʰʯ ʳʰʬʴʫʬ ʻʼʨʲʹ.
ʰʹ, ʭʰʹʨ˂ ʹʨʱʻʯʨʸʰ ˀʸʵʳʰʹ ʳʵʴʨʪʨʸʰ ʨʫʨʸʫʬʩʹ ʳˆʵʲʵʫ, ˆʨʸʩʰ ʫʨ
ʪʻʲʪʨʻʳʨ˃ʾʨʸʰ ʱʨ˂ʰʨ.
ˀʰʴʨ-ʨʸʹʰ: ʭʰʹʨ˂ ˀʬ˂ʴʵʩʰʲʰ ʨʽʭʹ ʯʨʭʰʹʰ, ʸʵʪʵʸ˂ ʻʼʲʰʹ ʳʨʸʨʫʰʻʲʰ
ʳʹʨˆʻʸʰʹ, ʳʫʪʵʳʨʸʬʵʩʨ, ʻʨʸʹ ʨʳʩʵʩʹ ʿʵʭʬʲʪʭʨʸ ʿʵʼʰʯʹ ʹʨʽʳʰʨʴʵʩʨʮʬ
ʫʨ ʳʯʬʲʰ ʨʸʹʬʩʰʯ ʬ˃ʲʬʭʨ ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ ˂ʴʵʩʰʬʸʬʩʨˀʰ ʻʨʴʪʨʸʵ ˀʸʵʳʨʹ.
ʸʵʪʵʸ˂ ʮʬʳʵʯ ʪʨʴʭʳʨʸʺʬʯ, ʩʻʫˈʰ-ʰʵʪʨ ʻʼʲʰʹ ʺʸʨʴʹ˂ʬʴʫʬʴʺʻʸ
ʹʨʹʰʿʭʨʸʻʲʵ ʹʨʳʹʨˆʻʸʹ – ʳʵʽʳʬʫʬʩʰʹ ʹ˄ʵʸ ʪʮʨʹ ʴʰˀʴʨʭʹ. ʳˆʵʲʵʫ
ˆʨʸʩʬʩʰ, ˃ʻʴ˄ʬʩʰ ʫʨ ʹʨʱʻʯʨʸʰ ʪʸ˃ʴʵʩʬʩʰʹ ʳʵʴʬʩʰ ʬʹ˄ʸʨʼʭʰʨʴ ʹʨʱʻʯʨʸʰ
ˀʸʵʳʰʹ ʴʨʿʵʼʰʯ ʪʨʴ˂ˆʸʵʳʨʹ, ʸʨʯʨ ʻʼʸʵ ʳʬʺʨʫ ʪʨʰˆʲʨʸʯʵʴ ʳʰ˄ʰʬʸʰ
˂ˆʵʭʸʬʩʰʹ ʩʵʸʱʰʲʬʩˀʰ.

45

Tavi meore – gitas mokle Sinaarsi

ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ ˂ʴʵʩʰʬʸʬʩʨˀʰ ˀʸʵʳʰʹ ʪʨʸʫʨ ʴʬʩʰʹʳʰʬʸʰ ʹˆʭʨ ʹʨʽʳʰʨʴʵʩʨ
ʹʨˆʰʼʨʯʵʨ, ʭʰʴʨʰʫʨʴ ʰʪʰ ʫʨʩʨʫʬʩʨ-ʹʰʱʭʫʰʲʰʹ ˂ʰʱʲˀʰ ʪʨʴʻ˄ʿʭʬʺʲʰʭ
ʰʯʸʬʭʹ ʨʫʨʳʰʨʴʹ. ʨʳ ʻʱʨʴʨʹʱʴʬʲʳʨ ʱʰ ʿʭʬʲʨʼʬʸʰ ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ
ʫʨʹʨʱʳʨʿʵʼʰʲʬʩʲʨʫ ʻʴʫʨ ˀʬʨʹʸʻʲʵʹ. ʳʵˆʭʬ˅ʨʹ ʫʨˆʨʸʩʬʩʻʲʳʨ
˃ʻʴ˄ʬʩʳʨ ʨʸ ʰ˂ʰʨʴ, ʸʵʪʵʸ ʪʨʳʵʰʿʬʴʵʴ ʴʨʩʵ˃ʬʩʰ ʯʻ ʵʼʲʰʯ ʫʨʪʸʵʭʰʲʰ
ʹʰʳʫʰʫʸʬ – ʳʨʯ ˀʬʪʴʬʩʨʳʫʬ ʭʬʸ ʨʾ˄ʬʭʹ ˅ʬˀʳʨʸʰʺʬʩʰʹ ˆʳʨ – ʿʭʬʲʨʼʬʸʰ
ʻʮʬʴʨʬʹʹ ʻʴʫʨ ʳʵˆʳʨʸʫʬʹ!.. ʨʳʰʺʵʳʨ˂ ʪʸ˃ʴʵʩʨʫʨʩʰʴʫʻʲʰ ʨʫʨʳʰʨʴʬʩʰ
ʿʭʬʲʨʼʬʸʹ – ʽʵʴʬʩʨʹ, ʬʴʬʸʪʰʨʹ... – ʻʼʲʰʹ ʪʨʴ˂ˆʸʵʳʨʱʳʨʿʵʼʰʲʬʩʰʹʨʯʭʰʹ ʨʸ ʰʿʬʴʬʩʹ.
50) ʬʸʯʪʻʲʰ ʹʨʳʹʨˆʻʸʰʹʨʯʭʰʹ ʯʨʭʪʨʫʨʫʬʩʻʲʰ ʨʫʨʳʰʨʴʰ ʨʳ
˂ˆʵʭʸʬʩʨˀʰʭʬ ʨʸʨʫ ʫʨʪʰʫʬʭʹ ʯʨʭʰʹʰ ʹʨʽʳʰʨʴʵʩʰʹ ʸʵʪʵʸ˂ ʱʨʸʪʹ, ʨʹʬʭʬ
˂ʻʫ ˀʬʫʬʪʬʩʹʨ˂. ʨʳʰʺʵʳ ʪʨʰ˄ʨʼʬ ʰʵʪʨˀʰ, ʸʵʳʬʲʰ˂ ʯʨʭʰʹʯʨʭʨʫ
ʿʵʭʬʲʭʨʸʰ ˀʸʵʳʨ-ʽʳʴʨʫʵʩʰʹ ˆʬʲʵʭʴʬʩʨʨ.
ˀʰʴʨ-ʨʸʹʰ: ˂ʵ˂ˆʨʲʰ ʨʸʹʬʩʨ ʻˆʹʵʭʨʸʰ ʫʸʵʰʫʨʴ ʳʵʿʵʲʬʩʻʲʰ ʪʨʸˇʨʹʨ
ʯʻ ʼʨ˂ʰʼʻ˂ˀʰʨ ʫʨ ʻʸʰ˂ˆʭʰ ʱʨʸʪʰ ʫʨ ˂ʻʫʰ ˀʬʫʬʪʰ˂ ʫʨʻʪʸʵʭʬʩʰʨ.
ʻʳʬ˂ʨʸʹ ʳʨʰʴ˂ ʨʸ ʬʹʳʰʹ ʯʨʭʰʹʰ ˅ʬˀʳʨʸʰʺʨʫ ʫʨʫʪʰʴʬʩʻʲʰ ʳʵʭʨʲʬʵʩʨ.
ʰʪʰ ʻʪʻʴʻʸʬʩʰʹ ˄ʿʭʫʰʨʫʹ ʯʨʭʹ ʫʨʨʾ˄ʬʭʹ ʳˆʵʲʵʫ “ʩˈʨʪʨʭʨʫ-ʪʰʺʨʹ”
ʳʵ˃ʾʭʸʬʩʰʹ ˄ʿʨʲʵʩʰʯ, ʸʵʳʬʲʰ˂ ʳʵʪʭʰ˄ʵʫʬʩʹ – ʳʯʬʲʰ ʨʸʹʬʩʰʯ
ʳʰʭʬʴʫʵʯ ʼʻʨʲʹ ʫʨ ʯʨʭʰ ʫʨʭʨʾ˄ʰʵʯ ʫʨʩʨʫʬʩʰʹʫʨʴ ʫʨʩʨʫʬʩʨʳʫʬ
ʪʨʴʳʬʵʸʬʩʨʫʰ ʽʳʬʫʬʩʬʩʰʹ ʯʻ ʻʱʻʽʳʬʫʬʩʬʩʰʹ ʺʿʭʬʵʩʨʹ.
ʨʳʰʺʵʳʨ˂ ʨʸˇʻʴʨ ʻʴʫʨ ʫʨʳʵʸˁʰʲʫʬʹ ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ ˂ʴʵʩʰʬʸʬʩʨʹ ʫʨ
ʱʨʸʳʰʻʲʰ ˀʸʵʳʰʹ ˀʬʫʬʪʬʩʰʹ ʪʨʭʲʬʴʰʹʨʪʨʴ ʪʨʴʰ˄ʳʰʴʫʵʹ.
51) ʻʼʲʰʹ ʻʨʴʪʨʸʵ ʹʨʳʹʨˆʻʸʰʯ ʪʨʳʵˁʰʴʬʩʻʲʰ ʩʸ˃ʴʬʱʨ˂ʴʰ, ʨʴʻ
ʬʸʯʪʻʲʴʰ, ʨʳʽʭʬʿʴʰʻʸʰ ˀʸʵʳʰʹ ˀʬʫʬʪʬʩʮʬ ˀʼʵʯʭʨ-ʮʸʻʴʭʨʹ
ʪʨʴʬʸʰʫʴʬʴ ʫʨ ʪʨʴʯʨʭʰʹʻʼʲʫʴʬʴ. ʳʨʯ ʯʨʭʰ ʫʨʨʾ˄ʰʬʹ ʫʨʩʨʫʬʩʨʹʰʱʭʫʰʲʰʹ ˄ʸʬʩʸʻʴʭʨˀʰ ʺʸʰʨʲʰʹ ʹʨʼʸʯˆʬʹ, ʨʳʨʾʲʫʴʬʴ ʿʵʭʬʲʪʭʨʸʰ
ʪʨ˅ʰʸʭʬʩʨ-ʫʨʲˆʰʴʬʩʰʹ ʳʰʳʨʸʯ ʪʨʴ˂ʫʬʩʮʬ ʫʨ ʫʨʻʩʸʻʴʫʴʬʴ
ʶʰʸʭʬʲʹʨʳʿʵʼʬʲʹ – ʾʳʸʯʨʬʩʸʰʭʰ ʶʰʸʵʭʴʬʩʰʹ ʹʨʭʨʴʬʹ.
ˀʰʴʨ-ʨʸʹʰ: ʪʨʴʯʨʭʰʹʻʼʲʬʩʻʲʴʰ ʰʳ ʹʨʳʨʸʨʫʷʨʳʵ ʨʫʪʰʲʹ ʰʳʱʭʰʫʸʬʩʬʴ,
ʹʨʫʨ˂ ʨʸʨʴʨʰʸʰ ʳʰ˄ʰʬʸʰ ʺʨʴˇʭʨ-ʺʱʰʭʰʲʰ ʨʸ ʨʸʹʬʩʵʩʹ.
“ʩˈʨʪʨʭʨʫ-ʪʰʺʨˀʰ” ʴʨʯʽʭʨʳʰʨ: (˂ʰʺʨʺʨ) “ʳʰʹʯʭʰʹ, ʭʰʴ˂ ʻʼʲʰʹ
ʲʵʺʵʹʰʹʨʫʨʸ ʺʬʸʼʯʨ ʴʨʭʮʬ ʨʭʰʫʨ, ʻʼʲʰʹʨ, ʸʵʳʬʲʰ˂ ʳʯʬʲʰ
ʱʵʳʰʻʸʰ ʨʸʹʬʩʵʩʰʹ ʯʨʭˀʬʹʨʼʨʸʰʨ, ʸʵʳʬʲʹʨ˂ ʳʻʱʻʴʫʨ, ʨʴ ʳʻʽʺʰʹ
ʳʵʳʴʰ˅ʬʩʬʲʰ ˈʽʭʰʨ, ʳʨʺʬʸʰʨʲʻʸʰ ʵʱʬʨʴʬ ˆʩʵʹ ʴʨˁʲʰʽʨʸˀʰ ˁʨʳʫʪʨʸ
˄ʿʨʲʹʨ ˈʪʨʭʹ. ʨʹʬʯʰ ʨʫʨʳʰʨʴʰ ʨʾ˄ʬʭʹ ˈʨʸʨʳ-ˈʨʫʨʳʹ, ʨʫʪʰʲʹ, ʹʨʫʨ˂ ʨʸ

46

Tavi meore – gitas mokle Sinaarsi

ʨʸʹʬʩʵʩʹ ˆʵʸ˂ʰʹʳʰʬʸʰ ʳʺʨʴˇʭʬʲʰ ʪʨʴ˂ʫʨ. ʬʹ ʨʫʪʰʲʰ ʭʨʰʱʻʴʯˈʨʨ ʫʨ
ʨʸʨ ʰʹ, ʹʨʫʨ˂ ʹʰ˂ʵ˂ˆʲʰʹ ʿʵʭʬʲ ʴʨʩʰˇʮʬ ˆʰʼʨʯʰʨ ˁʨʹʨʼʸʬʩʻʲʰ”.
ʻʳʬ˂ʨʸʯ ʭʬʸ ˀʬʻʪʴʰʨʯ, ʸʵʳ ʳʨʺʬʸʰʨʲʻʸʰ ʹʨʳʿʨʸʵ ˅ʳʻʴʭʨ-ʻʸʭʰʹʨ ʫʨ
ʳ˃ʰʳʬ ʪʨʴʹʨ˂ʫʬʲʯʨ ʩʻʫʬʨ. ʳˆʵʲʵʫ ʻʪʻʴʻʸʬʩʰʹ ʪʨʳʵʨ, ʸʵʳ ʮʵʪʰ
ʳʫʪʵʳʨʸʬʵʩʰʹ ʪʨʻʳˇʵʩʬʹʬʩʰʹʨ ʫʨ ʩʬʫʴʰʬʸʬʩʰʹ ʳʵʶʵʭʬʩʨʹ ʱʨʸʳʰʻʲʰ
ʹʨʽʳʰʨʴʵʩʰʯ ˂ʫʰʲʵʩʹ. ʰʹ ʱʰ ʨʸ ʰ˂ʰʨʴ, ʸʵʳ ʨʳʽʭʬʿʴʨʫ ʴʬʩʰʹʳʰʬʸʰ ʹʨˆʰʹ
ʳʨʺʬʸʰʨʲʻʸ ʹˆʬʻʲˀʰ ʻʺʨʴˇʭʬʲʨʫ ʨʸʹʬʩʵʩʨ ʨʸ ˀʬʰ˃ʲʬʩʨ, ʸʨʫʪʨʴ
˂ˆʵʭʸʬʩʰʹʬʻʲʰ ʻʩʬʫʻʸʬʩʬʩʰʹ: ʫʨʩʨʫʬʩʰʹ, ʹʰʩʬʸʰʹ, ʹʴʬʻʲʬʩʰʹʨ ʫʨ
ʹʰʱʭʫʰʲʰʹ ʪʨʭʲʬʴʨ ʸʨʰʳʬ ʹʨʮʾʭʸʬʩˀʰ ʨʸ ʬʽ˂ʬʭʨ – ʰʹ ʿʭʬʲʪʨʴ ʪʭˆʭʫʬʩʨ.
ʳʨʪʸʨʳ, ʰʹ ʭʰʹʨ˂ ʪʨ˂ʴʵʩʰʬʸʬʩʻʲʰ ʨʽʭʹ ʹʨʱʻʯʨʸʰ ʨʸʹʬʩʵʩʰʹ ˅ʬˀʳʨʸʰʺʰ
ʳʰʮʨʴʰ, ʸʵʪʵʸ˂ ʻʼʲʰʹ ʳʨʸʨʫʰʻʲʰ ʳʹʨˆʻʸʰʹʨ, ʨʾʰʨʸʬʩʹ ʳʰʹ
ʻʮʬʴʨʬʹʵʩʨʹ, ʺʸʨʴʹ˂ʬʴʫʬʴʺʻʸ, ʹʰʿʭʨʸʻʲʰʯ ʳʵʹʰʲ ʬʸʯʪʻʲʬʩʨʹ
ʳʰʨʪʬʩʹ ʳʨʹ, ʾʰʸʹʰ ˆʫʬʩʨ, ˀʬʨʾ˄ʰʵʹ ʭʨʰʱʻʴʯˈʨʹ ʶʲʨʴʬʺʬʩʮʬ, ʹʨʫʨ˂ ʨʸ˂
ʳʰ˄ʰʬʸʬʩʰʯ ʫʨʾʫʨʹʳʻʲʰ ʺʨʴˇʻʲʰ ʹʰ˂ʵ˂ˆʲʬʨ, ʨʸ˂ ʫʸʵ-ʷʨʳʰʹ
ʫʰʴʬʩʰʹ ʪʨʭʲʬʴʨ, ʨʸ˂ ʹʰʱʭʫʰʲʰ...
ʹʨʱʻʯʨʸʰ ʳʬʵʩʰʹʨ ʫʨ ʳʫʪʵʳʨʸʬʵʩʰʹ ˂ʵʫʴʨ ʹʨ˄ʰʴʫʨʸʰʨ ʻʼʲʰʹ
ʻʮʬʴʨʬʹʵʩʰʹ ˀʬ˂ʴʵʩʰʹʨ.
ʻʴʫʨ ʪʭʬʹʳʵʫʬʹ, ʭʰʴ˂ ˂ʵ˂ˆʨʲ ʨʸʹʬʩʨʹ ʻʼʨʲʹ ʻʺʵʲʬʩʹ, ʻʳʬ˂ʸʬʩʰʹ
˄ʿʭʫʰʨʫˀʰʨ ʫʨʴʯʽʳʻʲʰ, ʨʳʰʺʵʳʨ˂ ʳʵʱʲʬʩʻʲʰʨ ʳʨʫʲʹ – ʬʸʯʪʻʲʨʫ
ʬʳʹʨˆʻʸʵʹ ʻʮʬʴʨʬʹ ʾʳʬʸʯʹ. ʰʹ ʯʨʭˆʬʫʻʸʨʫ ʬʺʵʲʬʩʨ ʻʮʬʴʨʬʹʹ ʫʨ
ʪʨʴʳʬʵʸʬʩʨʫʰ ʫʨʩʨʫʬʩʨ-ʹʰʱʭʫʰʲʰʹ ˄ʸʬˀʰ ʹʨʺʨʴˇʭʬʲʨʫ ˄ʰʸʨʭʹ ʯʨʭʹ.
ʳʨʪʸʨʳ ʭʰʹʨ˂ ʬʹʳʰʹ, ʸʵʳ ʨʫʨʳʰʨʴʰʹ ʫʨʴʰˀʴʻʲʬʩʨ ʾʳʸʯʨʬʩʸʰʭʰ
ʶʰʸʵʭʴʬʩʰʹ ʳʹʨˆʻʸʬʩʨʨ ʫʨ ʬʸʯʪʻʲʨʫʨ˂ ʨʾʨʹʸʻʲʬʩʹ ʨʳ ˄ʳʰʴʫʨ ʭʨʲʹ,
ʻʳʨʲ ʭʨʰʱʻʴʯˈʨʲʵʱʨʮʬ ʨʳʨʾʲʬʩʰʹ ʱʻʸʯˆʬʭʨ ʬʴʰ˅ʬʩʨ. ʻʼʲʰʹ ʬʸʯʪʻʲ
ʹʨʳʹʨˆʻʸʹ ʬ˄ʵʫʬʩʨ ʱʨʸʳʨ-ʰʵʪʨ ʨʴ ʩʻʫʫˈʰ-ʰʵʪʨ.
52) ʸʵʫʬʹʨ˂ ˀʬʴˀʰ ʪʵʴʬʩʨ ʹʨ˂ʯʻʸʰʹ ʻʾʸʨʴʰ ʺʿʰʫʨʴ ʪʨʳʵʭʨ,
ʪʻʲʪʸʰʲʵʩʨ ʫʨʪʬʻʼʲʬʩʨ ʿʭʬʲʨʼʸʰʹ ʳʰʳʨʸʯ, ʸʨ˂ ʳʵʪʰʹʳʬʴʰʨ ʫʨ ʸʨʹʨ˂
ʳʵʰʹʳʬʴ.
ˀʰʴʨ-ʨʸʹʰ: ʻʼʲʰʹ ʫʰʨʫʰ ʬʸʯʪʻʲʬʩʰʹ ˂ˆʵʭʸʬʩʨʯʨ ʨʾ˄ʬʸʬʩˀʰ ʨʸʨʬʸʯʰ
ʳˀʭʬʴʰʬʸʰ ʳʨʪʨʲʰʯʰʨ ʰʳʰʹʨ, ʯʻ ʸʵʪʵʸ ʪʨˆʫʴʬʴ ʰʹʰʴʰ ʪʻʲʪʸʰʲʴʰ
ʭʬʫʬʩʰʹ ʸʰʺʻʨʲʬʩʰʹ ʳʰʳʨʸʯ ʳˆʵʲʵʫ ʻʼʲʰʹ ʬʸʯʪʻʲʰ ʹʨʳʹʨˆʻʸʰʹ
˄ʿʨʲʵʩʰʯ. ʸʵʫʬʹʨ˂ ʨʫʨʳʰʨʴʰ ʸʬʨʲʻʸʨʫ ˀʬʰ˂ʴʵʩʹ ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ ʫʨ ʳʨʹʯʨʴ
ʹʨʱʻʯʨʸ ʻʸʯʰʬʸʯʵʩʨʹ, ʪʨʳʵ˂ʫʰʲʰ ʩʸʨˈʳʨʴʰ˂ ʸʵʳ ʰʿʵʹ, ʳʰʹ ʪʻʲʹ
ʹʸʻʲʰʨʫ ˀʬ˃ʸʨʭʹ ʱʨʸʳʰʻʲ ʹʨʽʳʰʨʴʵʩʨʯʨ ˂ʬʸʬʳʵʴʰʨʲʬʩʰ. ʭʨʰˀʴʨʭʯʨ
ʸʰʪˀʰ ʬʸʯ-ʬʸʯʰ ʫʰʨʫʰ ʬʸʯʪʻʲʰ ʫʨ ʨˁʨʸʰʨ ˀʸʰ ʳʨʫˈʨʭʬʴʫʸʨ ʶʻʸʰ
ʨʳʩʵʩʹ: (˂ʰʺʨʺʨ)
“ʵ, ˁʬʳʵ ʲʵ˂ʭʨʴʵ, ʸʵʳʬʲʯʨ˂ ʫʾʬˀʰ ʹʨʳˇʬʸ ˄ʨʸʳʵʭʯʽʭʨʳ, ʫʰʫʬʩʨ
ʯʽʭʬʴʫʨ! ʵ, ʪʨʴʩʨʴʭʰʹ, ʸʰʺʻʨʲʵ, ʯʨʿʭʨʴʹ ʪ˂ʬʳ ˀʬʴ! ʵ, ʴʨˆʬʭʨʸʾʳʬʸʯʬʩʵ,

47

Tavi meore – gitas mokle Sinaarsi

˄ʰʴʨʶʸʬʩʵ! ʪʯˆʵʭʯ, ʳʨʶʨʺʰʵʯ, ʸʵʳ ʨʳˇʬʸʨʫ ʶʨʺʰʭʹ ʭʬʸ ʳʵʪʨʪʬʩʯ.
ʹʨʫʨ˂ ʨʸ ʻʴʫʨ ˁʨʭʰʳʻˆʲʵ, ʿʭʬʲʪʨʴ ʰʨʫʻʹ ʫʰʴʨʹʺʰʰʹ ʫʰʨʫʰ
ˀʯʨʳʵʳʨʭʨʲʰ (ʱʸʰˀʴʨ), ʱʨʳʹʨʹ ʳʺʬʸʰ ʳʨˆʹʬʴʫʬʩʨ ʫʨ ʨʳʰʯ ʿʵʭʬʲʭʨʸʰ
˂ʵʫʭʬʩʰʹʨʪʨʴ ʭʰ˄ʳʰʴʫʬʩʰ. ʳʬ ʳʬʺʰ ʨʸʨʼʬʸʰ ʳʰʴʫʨ!”
ʭʬʫʻʸʰ ˄ʬʹ-ˁʭʬʻʲʬʩʬʩʰ ʫʨ ʸʰʺʻʨʲʬʩʰ ʨʻ˂ʰʲʬʩʬʲʰʨ ʫʨʳ˄ʿʬʩ
ʳʵʸ˄ʳʻʴʬʯʨʯʭʰʹ: ʳʸʨʭʨʲʰ ʲʵ˂ʭʨʴʰ ʫʾʬˀʰ ʹʨʳˇʬʸ, ʫʰʲʨʨʫʸʰʨʴ
ʪʨʴʩʨʴʨ, ˄ʰʴʨʶʨʸʯʨ ʯʨʿʭʨʴʰʹ˂ʬʳʨ ʫʨ ʨ.ˀ. ʳʨʪʸʨʳ ʸʵʫʬʹʨ˂ ʨʫʨʳʰʨʴʰ
ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ ˂ʴʵʩʰʬʸʬʩʨʹ ʳʰʬʨˆʲʬʩʨ ʫʨ ʻʼʲʰʹ ʺʸʨʴʹ˂ʬʴʫʬʴʺʻʸ
ʹʨʹʰʿʭʨʸʻʲʵ ʹʨʳʹʨˆʻʸʹ ʫʨʰ˄ʿʬʩʹ, ʪʻʲʪʸʰʲʰ ʪʨˆʫʬʩʨ ʨʳ
ʳʵʳ˄ʬʹʸʰʪʬʩʬʲʰ ʶʸʰʴ˂ʰʶʬʩʰʹ ʳʰʳʨʸʯ, ʳʨʹ ʬʹ ʨʾʨʸ ʹ˅ʰʸʫʬʩʨ; ʸʨʱʰ
ʹʸʻʲʽʳʴʨʹ ʳʰʨʾ˄ʰʨ, ʻʮʬʴʨʬʹʰ ʻʼʲʰʹ, ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ ʳʹʨˆʻʸʬʩʰʯ, ʨʾʨʸ
ʳʵʬʯˆʵʭʬʩʨ ʪʨʴʫʵʩʰʲ ˄ʬʸʰʲʬʩˀʰ ʳʵ˄ʵʫʬʩʻʲʰ ʨʯʨʹʪʭʨʸʰ ʪʮʬʩʰʹʨ ʫʨ
ʳʹˆʭʬʸʶʲˀʬ˄ʰʸʭʬʩʰʹ ˀʬʹʸʻʲʬʩʨ. ʰʹ ʨʫʨʳʰʨʴʰ, ʭʰʴ˂ ʭʬʸ ˆʭʫʬʩʨ, ʸʵʳ
ʭʬʫʬʩʰʹ ʳʰʮʨʴʰ ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ ˃ʰʬʩʨʨ ʫʨ ʳˆʵʲʵʫ ʸʰʺʻʨʲʬʩʰʹʨ ʫʨ
˂ʬʸʬʳʵʴʰʬʩʰʹʱʬʴ ʪʨʻʸʩʰʹ ʯʭʨʲʰ, ʫʸʵʹ ʺʿʻʰʲʨʫ ʱʨʸʪʨʭʹ. ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ
˂ʴʵʩʰʬʸʬʩʨˀʰ ʳʿʵʼ ʶʰʸʵʭʴʬʩʬʩʹ ʪʨʫʨʲʨˆʻʲʰ ʨʽʭʯ ˀʨʩʫʨ-ʩʸʨˈʳʨʹ, ʨʴʻ
ʭʬʫʬʩʰʹʨ ʫʨ ʻʶʨʴʰˀʨʫʬʩʰʹ ʹʨʳʿʨʸʵʹ ʹʨʮʾʭʸʬʩʰ.
53) ʸʵʫʬʹʨ˂ ˀʬʴ ˅ʱʻʨʹ ʨʾʨʸ ˀʬʨˀʼʵʯʬʩʹ ʭʬʫʬʩʰʹ ʹʰʺʿʭʨʱʨʮʳʻʲʵʩʨ,
ʸʵʫʬʹʨ˂ ʰʪʰ ʯʭʰʯˀʬ˂ʴʵʩʰʹ ʪʨʸʰʴʫʬʩʰʹ ˄ʭʸʯʨʹ ʪʨʰʭʲʰʹ, ʳʨˀʰʴ
ʳʰʬʨˆʲʬʩʰ ʾʭʯʨʬʩʸʰʭ ˂ʴʵʩʰʬʸʬʩʨʹ.
ˀʰʴʨ-ʨʸʹʰ: ʹʨʳʨʫˈʰ ʴʰˀʴʨʭʹ ʨʫʨʳʰʨʴʰʹʪʨʴ ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ ˂ʴʵʩʰʬʸʬʩʨʹʯʨʴ
ʩʵʲʵʳʫʬ ʮʰʨʸʬʩʨʹ; ʬ.ʰ. ʹʸʻʲ ʹʨʳʨʫˈʰˀʰ ʳʿʵʼʳʨ ʶʰʸʵʭʴʬʩʨʳ ˀʬʰ˂ʴʵ
ʩʸʨˈʳʨʴʰ, ʶʨʸʨʳʨʺʳʨ ʫʨ ʩˈʨʪʨʭʨʴʰ. ʯʭʰʯˀʬ˂ʴʵʩʰʹ ʻʳʨʾʲʬʹʰ ʹʸʻʲʽʳʴʨ
ʨʸʰʹ ʰʳʰʹ ʪʨʪʬʩʨ, ʸʵʳ ˂ʵ˂ˆʨʲʰ ʨʸʹʬʩʨ ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ ʳʨʸʨʫʰʻʲʰ ʳʹʨˆʻʸʰʨ,
ʸʵʳ ʳʰʹ ʬʸʯʨʫʬʸʯ ʳʵʭʨʲʬʵʩʨʹ ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ ˂ʴʵʩʰʬʸʬʩʰʹ ˀʬʹʨʩʨʳʰʹʨʫ
ʹʨʱʻʯʨʸʰ ʭʨʲʫʬʩʻʲʬʩʬʩʰʹ ˀʬʹʸʻʲʬʩʨ ˄ʨʸʳʵʨʫʪʬʴʹ. ʻʼʲʰʹ ʻʸʿʬʭʰ
ʬʸʯʪʻʲʰ ʨʸ˂ ʭʬʫʬʩʰʹ ʱʨʮʳʻʲʹʰʺʿʭʨʵʩʨʳ ʻʴʫʨ ˀʬʨˀʼʵʯʵʹ ʫʨ ʨʸ˂
ʮʬ˂ʰʻʸ ʹʨʳʬʼʵʳʫʬ ʨʳʨʾʲʬʩʰʹʨʯʭʰʹ ʪʨʴʱʻʯʭʴʰʲʰ ʱʨʸʳʰʻʲʰ
ʹʨʽʳʰʨʴʵʩʰʯ ʻʴʫʨ ʰʿʵʹ ʫʨʱʨʭʬʩʻʲʰ. ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ ˂ʴʵʩʰʬʸʬʩʰʹ ˄ʿʨʲʵʩʰʯ
˂ʵ˂ˆʨʲʰ ʨʸʹʬʩʨ ʻˀʻʨʲʵʫ ʻʱʨʭˀʰʸʫʬʩʨ ʻʼʨʲʹ. ʨʹʬʯ ʺʸʨʴʹ˂ʬʴʫʬʴʺʻʸ
ʳʫʪʵʳʨʸʬʵʩʨˀʰ ʱʰ ʻʮʬʴʨʬʹʰʹ ʿʵʭʬʲʰ ʳʰʯʰʯʬʩʨ ʪʨʹʨʪʬʩʰ ˆʫʬʩʨ. ʨʳʪʭʨʸʰ
ʹʨʽʳʰʨʴʵʩʰʯ ʰʪʰ ʨʻ˂ʰʲʬʩʲʨʫ ʳʰʨʾ˄ʬʭʹ ˄ʨʸʳʨʺʬʩʨʹ ʫʨ ʾʭʯʰʻʸ ˂ʵʫʴʨʹ
ˀʬʰ˃ʬʴʹ, ʵʾʵʴʫ ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ ʨʴ ʳʰʹʰ ˄ʨʸʳʵʳʨʫʪʬʴʲʰʹ, ʹʻʲʰʬʸʰ ʳʵ˃ʾʭʸʰʹ
ʩʸ˃ʨʴʬʩʬʩʰ ʹʰʺʿʭʰʹ ˀʬʻʩʸʻʴʬʩʲʨʫ ʻʴʫʨ ˀʬʨʹʸʻʲʵʹ!

48

Tavi meore – gitas mokle Sinaarsi

54) ʨʸˇʻʴʨʳ ʯʽʭʨ: ʵ,ʱʸʰˀʴʨ, ʸʨ ʴʰˀʴʬʩʰʯ ʨʸʰʹ ʪʨʳʵʸˁʬʻʲʰ ʰʹ, ʭʰʹʰ
˂ʴʵʩʰʬʸʬʩʨ˂ ʨʹʬ ˁʨ˃ʰʸʻʲʰʨ ʺʸʨʴʹ˂ʬʴʫʬʴ˂ʰʨˀʰ? ʸʵʪʵʸ ʹʨʻʩʸʵʩʹ ʰʪʰ,
ʸʵʪʵʸ ʮʰʹ ʨʴ ʸʵʪʵʸ ʰʨʸʬʩʨ?
ˀʰʴʨ-ʨʸʹʰ: ʸʵʪʵʸ˂ ʯʰʯʵʬʻʲ ʨʫʨʳʰʨʴʹ ʹʰʺʻʨ˂ʰʰʹ ˀʬʹʨʩʨʳʰʹʨʫ
ʪʨʸʱʭʬʻʲʰ ʴʰˀʴʬʩʰ ʨˆʨʹʰʨʯʬʩʹ, ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ ˂ʴʵʩʰʬʸ ʨʫʨʳʰʨʴʹʨ˂
ʯʨʭʰʹʬʩʻʸʰ ʹʨʻʩʨʸʰ, ʹʰʨʸʻʲʰ, ʼʰʽʸʰ ʫʨ ʹˆʭ. ʹˁʭʬʭʰʨ. ʳʨʪʨʲʰʯʨʫ,
ʳʫʰʫʨʸ ʱʨ˂ʹ ʨʽʭʹ ʯʨʭʰʹʰ ʫʨʳʨˆʨʹʰʨʯʬʩʬʲʰ ʯʭʰʹʬʩʨ, ʳʨˀʰʴʭʬ
ʳʰʭˆʭʫʬʩʰʯ, ʸʵʳ ʰʪʰ ʫʰʫʰ ʽʵʴʬʩʰʹ ʶʨʺʸʵʴʰʨ. ʪʨʸʱʭʬʻʲʰ ʴʰˀʴʬʩʰʯ
ʨʺʿʵʩʬʴ, ʸʵʳ ʱʨ˂ʰ ʨʭʨʫʨʨ. ʸʵʪʵʸ˂ ʹ˄ʨʭʲʻʲʹ ʪʨʳʵʨʸˁʬʭʬʴ
ʪʨʴʹʨʱʻʯʸʬʩʻʲʰ ʴʰˀʴʬʩʰʯ, ʨʹʬʭʬ ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ ʺʸʨʴʹ˂ʬʴʫʬʴʺʻʸ
˂ʴʵʩʰʬʸʬʩʨˀʰ ʳʿʵʼ ʨʫʨʳʰʨʴʹʨ˂ ʹʨʱʻʯʨʸʰ ʫʨʳʨˆʨʹʰʨʯʬʩʬʲʰ ˁʭʬʭʬʩʰ ʨʽʭʹ.
ʳʨʯʰ ˀʬʹ˄ʨʭʲʨ “ʩˈʨʪʨʭʨʫ-ʪʰʺʨʫʨʴ” ˀʬʰ˃ʲʬʩʨ. ʿʭʬʲʨʮʬ ʳʴʰˀʭʴʬʲʵʭʨʴʰʨ,
ʯʻ ʸʨʹ ʫʨ ʸʵʪʵʸ ʲʨʶʨʸʨʱʵʩʹ ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ ˂ʴʵʩʰʬʸʬʩʨˀʰ ʳʿʵʼʰ ʨʫʨʳʰʨʴʰ,
ʭʰʴʨʰʫʨʴ ʹʨʻʩʨʸʰ ʳʰʹʰ ʻʳʴʰˀʭʴʬʲʵʭʨʴʬʹʰ ʯʭʰʹʬʩʨʨ. ʨʳʩʵʩʬʴ, ʸʵʳ
ʹʻʲʬʲʹ ʭʬʸ ʰ˂ʴʵʩ, ʹʨʴʨʳ ʲʨʶʨʸʨʱʹ ʨʸ ʫʨʰ˄ʿʬʩʹʵ. ʳʨʸʯʲʨ˂
ˀʬʻ˃ʲʬʩʬʲʰʨ ʱʨ˂ʰʹ ʪʨʳʵ˂ʴʵʩʨ, ʹʨʴʨʳ ˁʻʳʨʫ ʨʸʰʹ; ʳʨʪʸʨʳ ʲʨʶʨʸʨʱʹ
ʫʨʰ˄ʿʬʩʹ ʯʻ ʨʸʨ, ʻʳʨʲ ʨʳʷʾʨʭʴʬʩʹ ʯʨʭʹ – ˅ʱʭʰʨʴʰʨ ʯʻ ʹʻʲʬʲʰ. ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ
ʬʸʯʪʻʲʹ ʰʹ ʨˆʨʹʰʨʯʬʩʹ, ʸʵʳ ʹʨʻʩʸʵʩʹ ʳˆʵʲʵʫ ʻʼʨʲʮʬ ʫʨ ʳʨʹʯʨʴ
ʫʨʱʨʭˀʰʸʬʩʻʲ ʳʵʭʲʬʴʬʩʮʬ. ʸʵʪʵʸ˂ ʳʵʳʫʬʭʴʵ ʲʬʽʹˀʰ ʰʽʴʬʩʨ ʴʨˁʭʬʴʬʩʰ,
ʨʳʨʹ ʯʨʭʰʹʯʨʭʨʫ ʹˆʭʨ ʴʰˀʴʬʩʰ˂ ʳʵˈʿʭʬʩʨ.
55) ʻʮʬʴʨʬʹʳʨ ʾʳʸʯʨʬʩʸʰʭʳʨ ʶʰʸʵʭʴʬʩʨʳ ʩʸ˃ʨʴʨ: ʵ, ʶʨʸʯˈʨ, ʸʵ˂ʨ
ʨʫʨʳʰʨʴʰ ʻʨʸʹ ʨʳʩʵʩʹ ʹʨʱʻʯʨʸʰ ˅ʱʻʰʹ ˄ʨʸʳʵʹʨˆʭʰʫʨʴ ʨʾʳʵ˂ʬʴʬʩʻʲ
ʪʻʲʰʹʯʽʳʨʯʨ ʫʨʱʳʨʿʵʼʰʲʬʩʰʹ ʿʵʭʬʲʪʭʨʸ ʹʻʸʭʰʲʮʬ ʫʨ ʸʵ˂ʨ ʨʳ ʪʮʰʯ
ʪʨʴ˄ʳʬʴʫʰʰʲʰ ʳʰʹʰ ˅ʱʻʨ ʩʬʫʴʰʬʸʬʩʨʹ ʳˆʵʲʵʫ ʹʨʱʻʯʨʸ ʯʨʭˀʰ
ʶʵʻʲʵʩʹ, ʳʨˀʰʴ ʨʳʩʵʩʬʴ, ʸʵʳ ʰʪʰ ˄ʳʰʴʫʨ ʾʭʯʰʻʸ ˂ʴʵʩʰʬʸʬʩʨˀʰ
ʰʳʿʵʼʬʩʨ.
ˀʰʴʨ-ʨʸʹʰ: “ʩˈʨʪʨʭʨʺʨʳˀʰ” ʫʨʫʨʹʺʻʸʬʩʻʲʰʨ, ʸʵʳ ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ ʹʸʻʲʰʨʫ
ˀʬʳ˂ʴʵʩʹ ʨʴʻ ʻʼʲʰʹ ʬʸʯʪʻʲ ʹʨʳʹʨˆʻʸˀʰ ʳʿʵʼ ʴʬʩʰʹʳʰʬʸ ʶʰʸʵʭʴʬʩʨʹ
ʫʰʨʫ ʩʸ˃ʬʴʯʨ ʿʵʭʬʲʰ ʱʨʸʪʰ ʯʭʰʹʬʩʨ ʨˆʨʹʰʨʯʬʩʹ. ʰʹ ʱʰ, ʭʰ˂
ʳʵʱʲʬʩʻʲʰʨ ʨʹʬʯ ʳʨʫʲʹ, ʳˆʵʲʵʫ ˄ʨʸʳʵʹʨˆʭʨʯʨ ʨʳʨʸʨ ˂ˆʵʭʸʵʩʹ.
ʨʳʰʺʵʳ ʨʽ ʹ˄ʵʸʨʫ ʨʸʰʹ ˆʨʮʪʨʹʳʻʲʰ, ʸʵʳ ʨʫʨʳʰʨʴʳʨ ʻʨʸʰ ʻʴʫʨ ʯʽʭʨʹ
ʹʨʱʻʯʨʸʰ ˅ʱʻʰʹ ˄ʨʸʳʵʹʨˆʭʰʫʨʴ ʨʾʳʵ˂ʬʴʬʩʻʲ ʪʸ˃ʴʵʩʨʯʨ ʳʵʸˁʰʲʬʩʨʮʬ.
ʳʨʸʯʨʲʰʨ, ʬʹ ʬʸʯʵʩ ˃ʴʬʲʰʨ, ʨʹʬʭʬ ˃ʴʬʲʰʨ ʪʸ˃ʴʵʩʬʩʰʹʨʯʭʰʹ ʲʨʪʨʳʰʹ
ʨʳʵʫʬʩʨ, ʳʨʪʸʨʳ ʯʻ ʶʰʸʵʭʴʬʩʨ ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ ˂ʴʵʩʰʬʸʬʩʨʹ ʬʮʰʨʸʬʩʨ,
ʹʻʸʭʰʲʬʩʰ˂ ʮʬʫʳʬʺʰ ˃ʨʲʫʨʺʨʴʬʩʰʹ ʪʨʸʬˀʬ ˁʨ˂ˆʸʬʩʨ. ʨʳʰʺʵʳ ʨʫʨʳʰʨʴʰ
ʻʿʵʿʳʨʴʵʫ ʻʴʫʨ ʳʰʬ˂ʬʹ ʻʼʲʰ ʬʸʯʪʻʲ ʹʨʳʹʨˆʻʸʹ, ʫʨʬˆʳʨʸʬʩʨ ʳʨʹ,
ʳʰʨʾ˄ʰʵʹ ʺʸʨʴʹ˂ʬʴʫʬʴʺʻʸʰ ˂ʴʵʩʰʬʸʬʩʰʹ ʫʵʴʬʹ.

49

Tavi meore – gitas mokle Sinaarsi

ʻʨʾʸʬʹʨʫ ʨʳʨʾʲʬʩʻʲʰ ʹʻʲʰ ʳʨʸʨʫʰʻʲ ʱʳʨʿʵʼʰʲʬʩʨʹ ˈʶʵʭʬʩʹ
ʹʨʱʻʯʨʸ ʯʨʭˀʰʭʬ, ʸʨʫʪʨʴ ˀʬ˂ʴʵʩʰʲʰ ʨʽʭʹ, ʸʵʳ ʻʮʬʴʨʬʹʰʹ ʳʹʨˆʻʸʰ ʫʨ
ʳʰ˄ʰʬʸʬʩʰʯ ʫʨʾʫʨʹʳʻʲʰ ʻʹʻʹʻʸʰ ʹʻʸʭʰʲʬʩʰ ʨʾʨʸ ʨʾʬʲʭʬʩʹ – ʳʨʴ
ʻʱʭʬ ˈʶʵʭʨ ʻʳʨʾʲʬʹʰ ʴʬʺʨʸʬʩʨ.
56) ʭʰʴ˂ ˅ʱʻʨʹ ʫʨʰʻʸʭʬʩʹ ʹʨʳʪʭʨʸʰ ʺʨʴˇʭʰʹ ʫʸʵʹ ʫʨ ʨʸ˂ ʩʬʫʴʰʬʸʬʩʰʹ
ʷʨʳʹ ʳʰʬ˂ʬʳʨ ʨʾʼʸʯʵʭʨʴʬʩʨʹ, ʭʰʴ˂ ʨʾʨʸʨʭʰʹʮʬʨ ʳʰˇʨ˅ʭʻʲʰ, ʫʨʯʸʪʻʴʨ
ˀʰˀʰ ʫʨ ʳʸʰʹˆʨʴʬʩʨ, ʳʺʱʰ˂ʬ ˅ʱʻʰʹ ʳʽʵʴʬ ʩʸ˃ʬʴʱʨ˂ʨʫ ʳʰʰˁʴʬʭʨ.
ˀʰʴʨ-ʨʸʹʰ: ʳʻʴʰ (ʩʸ˃ʬʴʰ) ˈʽʭʰʨ ʰʳʨʹ, ʭʰʹʨ˂ ˀʬʻ˃ʲʰʨ ʹʨʱʻʯʨʸʰ ˅ʱʻʰʹ
ʳʨʸʯʭʨ. ʮʬʸʬʲʬʫ ʨʸ ʨʮʸʵʭʴʬʩʹ, ˅ʱʻʨʹ ʨʸ ʨ˄ʻˆʬʩʹ, ʯʻʱʰ ʸʨʰʳʬ
ʼʰʽʸʵʩʸʰʭʰ ʫʨʹʱʭʴʰʹ ʳʰʾʬʩʨ ʨʸ ʹ˅ʰʸʫʬʩʨ. ʨʳʩʵʩʬʴ, ʿʵʭʬʲʰ ʳʻʴʰ
ʹʨʱʻʯʨʸʰ ˆʬʫʭʰʯ ʪʨʳʵʰʸˁʬʭʨ; ʯʻ ʰʪʰ ʰʳʬʵʸʬʩʹ ʹˆʭʨ ʩʸ˃ʬʴ-ʳʵ˃ʾʭʨʸʯʨ
ˀʬˆʬʫʻʲʬʩʬʩʹ ʫʨ ʳʰʹʰ ʴʨʨʮʸʬʭʰ ʵʸʰʪʰʴʨʲʵʩʨʹ ʳʵʱʲʬʩʻʲʰʨ, ˂ʴʬʩʰʹ
ʮʻʹʺʰ ʳʴʰˀʭʴʬʲʵʩʰʹ ʪʨʯʭʨʲʰʹ˄ʰʴʬʩʰʯ ʳʨʹ ʨʸ ˀʬʰ˃ʲʬʩʨ ʳʻʴʰ ʬ˄ʵʫʵʹ
(˂ʰʺʨʺʨ).
ʹʯˈʰʺʨ-ʫˈʰʸ ʳʻʴʰ, ʸʵʪʵʸ˂ ʻʼʨʲʳʨ ʨˆʹʬʴʨ ʨʳ ʲʬʽʹˀʰ, ˁʭʬʻʲʬʩʸʰʭʰ
ʩʸ˃ʬʴʰ ʨʸ ʨʸʰʹ, ʸʨʫʪʨʴ ʳʰʹʰ ˅ʱʻʨ-ʪʵʴʬʩʨ ʳʯʲʰʨʴʨʫ ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ
˂ʴʵʩʰʬʸʬʩʨˀʰʨ ʫʨʻʴˇʬʩʻʲʰ ʫʨ ʯʨʭʰʹ ˀʬʳʵʽʳʬʫʬʩʰʯ ʳʹˇʬʲʵʩʬʩʹʨ ʫʨ
ʨʮʸʵʩʸʰʭ ʳʰʪʴʬʩʬʩʹ ʯʨʭʰ ʨʴʬʩʨ. ʳʨʹ ʬ˄ʵʫʬʩʨ (˂ʰʺʨʺʨ) ʨʴʻ ʰʹ, ʭʰʴ˂
ʪʵʴʬʩʰʹʳʰʬʸ ʳˁˆʸʬʱʬʲʵʩʰʹ ʹʺʨʫʰʨ ʪʨʫʨʲʨˆʨ ʫʨ ʳʰʭʰʫʨ ʫʨʹʱʭʴʨʳʫʬ,
ʸʵʳ ʯʭʰʴʰʬʸʰ ʻʼʨʲʰ ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹʰ, ʨʴʻ ʭʨʹʻʫʬʭʨʹʰ ʨʳʽʭʬʿʴʨʫ, ʨʸʨʼʬʸʹ
ʨʮʸʰ ʨʸʨ ʨʽʭʹ (˂ʰʺʨʺʨ). ʨʹʬʯʰ ʳʺʱʰ˂ʬ ˅ʱʻʰʹ ʳʽʵʴʬ ʩʸ˃ʬʴʱʨ˂ʹ ʹʨʬʸʯʵʫ
ʨʾʨʸ ʨ˄ʻˆʬʩʹ ʩʻʴʬʩʰʹʳʰʬʸʰ ʹʨʳʪʭʨʸʰ ʺʨʴˇʭʰʹ ʮʬʳʵʽʳʬʫʬʩʨ, ʭʰʴʨʰʫʨʴ
ʿʵʭʬʲ ʪʨ˅ʰʸʭʬʩʨʹ ʰʪʰ ʻʼʲʰʹ ˄ʿʨʲʵʩʨʫ ʾʬʩʻʲʵʩʹ, ʸʨʱʰ ʯʭʲʰʹ, ʸʵʳ
˄ʨʸʹʻʲʰ ˀʬ˂ʫʵʳʬʩʰʹ ʪʨʳʵ ʻʼʸʵ ʳ˃ʰʳʬ ʹʨʹˇʬʲʹ ʰʳʹʨˆʻʸʬʩʹ. ʯʨʭʰʹ
ʩʬʫʴʰʬʸʬʩʨʹʨ˂ ʻʼʲʰʹ ˄ʿʨʲʵʩʨʫ ʯʭʲʰʹ, ʭʰʴʨʰʫʨʴ ʯʨʭʨʫ ʩʬʫʴʰʬʸʬʩʰʹ
ʾʰʸʹʨʫ ʨʸ ʳʰʨˁʴʫʨ ʯʨʭʰ.
ʳʰʹʰ ʽ˂ʬʭʨ ʳʻʫʨʳ ʪʨʩʬʫʻʲʰ ʫʨ ʴʨʿʵʼʰʬʸʰʨ; ʳʰˇʨ˅ʭʻʲʵʩʰʹ, ʮʰʮʾʰʹ
ʨʴ ʹˆʭʨ ʳʰ˄ʰʬʸ ʪʸ˃ʴʵʩʨʯʨ ʪʨʭʲʬʴʨʹ ʳʰʾʳʨʨ; ʨʸ ʬʽ˂ʬʭʨ ʹʻʸʭʰʲʯʨ
ʫʨʱʳʨʿʵʼʰʲʬʩʰʹ ʹʨ˂ʯʻʸʰʹ ʩʨʫʬˀʰ; ʻʼʲʰʹ ʹʨʳʹʨˆʻʸʰʹʨʯʭʰʹ
ʯʨʭʫʨʫʬʩʻʲʰ ʫʨ ʳʰʹ ʸ˄ʳʬʴʨˀʰ ʪʨʴʳʺʱʰ˂ʬʩʻʲʰ ʨʸʨʫ ʨʪʫʬʩʹ
ʻʹʰʨʳʵʭʴʬʩʨʹʨ ʫʨ ʪʨʩʸʨʮʬʩʨʹ; ʯʻ ʳʰʹʰ ʳ˂ʫʬʲʵʩʬʩʰ ˄ʨʸʻʳʨʺʬʩʲʨʫ
ʳʯʨʭʸʫʬʩʨ, ˀʬʻʶʵʭʸʨʫ ˆʭʫʬʩʨ ʳʨʸ˂ˆʹ... ʳʰʹ ʨʸʹʬʩʵʩʨʹʨ ʫʨ ʽ˂ʬʭʨʹ
ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ ˂ʴʵʩʰʬʸʬʩʨ ˄ʨʸʳʨʸʯʨʭʹ.
57) ʭʰʴ˂ ʨʸʨʫ ʫʨʪʰʫʬʭʹ ʳʰ˄ʰʬʸʬʩʰʹ ʵʸʵʳʺʸʰʨʲʹ, ʳʰʹ ʱʨʸʪʹʨ ʯʻ ˂ʻʫʹ,
ʨʸ˂ ʳʵʹ˄ʵʴʹ ʰʪʰ ʫʨ ʨʸ˂ ʹ˃ʨʪʹ, ʨʸ˂ ʨʪʰʴʬʩʹ ʫʨ ʨʸ˂ ʻʨʸʿʵʼʹ – ʰʪʰ
ʹʸʻʲʿʵʼʰʲʰ ˂ʵʫʴʰʹ ʳʨʫʲʰʯ ʳʿʨʸʨʫ ʨʸʰʹ ʪʵʴʬʩʨʪʨʴʳʺʱʰ˂ʬʩʻʲʰ.

50

Tavi meore – gitas mokle Sinaarsi

ˀʰʴʨ-ʨʸʹʰ: ʳʨʺʬʸʰʨʲʻʸʰ ʹʨʳʿʨʸʵ ʳʨʸʨʫ ˂ʭʨʲʬʩʨʫʰʨ, ʳʨʪʸʨʳ ʻʴʫʨ
ʪʭʨˆʹʵʭʫʬʹ, ʸʵʳ ʨʹʬʯʰ ʳʰ˄ʰʬʸʰ ˂ʭʲʰʲʬʩʬʩʰ – ʱʨʸʪʰ˂ ʫʨ ˂ʻʫʰ˂ – ʨʸ
ʨʾʬʲʭʬʩʹ ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ ˂ʴʵʩʰʬʸʬʩʨˀʰ ʪʵʴʬʩʨʫʨʫʪʰʴʬʩʻʲ ʱʨ˂ʹ. ʹʨʴʨʳ
˂ʵ˂ˆʨʲʰ ʨʸʹʬʩʨ ʳʨʺʬʸʰʨʲʻʸ ʹʨʳʿʨʸʵˀʰ ʺʸʰʨʲʬʩʹ, ʳʻʫʨʳ ˄ʨʨ˄ʿʫʬʩʨ
ʱʬʯʰʲʹʨ ʫʨ ʩʵʸʵʺʹ, ʱʨʸʪʹʨ ʫʨ ˂ʻʫʹ... ʿʵʼʰʯʰ ʻʸʯʰʬʸʯʵʩʬʩʰ
ʵʸʳʨʪʵʩʬʩʰʯʨʨ ʹʨʭʹʬ, ʳʨʪʸʨʳ ʻʼʲʰʹ ʬʸʯʪʻʲ ʳʹʨˆʻʸʬʩʨʮʬ ʨʹʬʯʰ
ʵʸʳʨʪʵʩʬʩʰ ʪʨʭʲʬʴʨʹ ʭʬʸ ʨˆʫʬʴʹ. ʳʰʹʰ ʪʵʴʬʩʰʹ ʯʭʨʲʹʨ˄ʰʬʸʮʬ ʳˆʵʲʵʫ
ʱʸʰˀʴʨ – ʹʸʻʲʿʵʼʰʲʰ ʬʸʯʨʫʬʸʯʵʩʨ ʰʹʨˆʬʩʨ. ʨʳʰʹ ˄ʿʨʲʵʩʰʯ ʰʪʰ
ʹʸʻʲʿʵʼʰʲ ʺʸʨʴʹ˂ʬʴʫʬʴʺʻʸ ʹʰʳʨʾʲʬʳʫʬ ʨʫʰʹ, ʸʵʳʬʲʹʨ˂ ʹʨʳʨʫˈʰ
ʬ˄ʵʫʬʩʨ.
58) ʭʰʹʨ˂ ʹʨʱʻʯʨʸʰ ʪʸ˃ʴʵʩʬʩʰʹ ʳʵʯʵʱʭʨ ʫʨ ʫʨʳʨʲʭʨ ˀʬʻ˃ʲʰʨ ʰʹʬʭʬ,
ʸʵʪʵʸ˂ ʱʻ ʳʨʲʨʭʹ ˆʵʲʳʬ ʱʰʫʻʸʬʩʹ ʯʨʭʰʹ ʩʨʱʨʴˀʰ, ʰʪʰ ʹʸʻʲʿʵʼʰʲʰ
˂ʴʵʩʰʬʸʬʩʰʹ ˄ʿʨʲʵʩʰʯ ʪʵʴʬʩʨʪʨʴʳʺʱʰ˂ʬʩʻʲʰʨ.
ˀʰʴʨ-ʨʸʹʰ: ʰʵʪʰʹ, ʬʸʯʪʻʲʰʹ, ʨʴʻ ʹʨʱʻʯʨʸʰ ʯʨʭʰʹ ˀʬʳ˂ʴʵʩʰʹ ʹʻʲʰʹ
ʴʰˀʨʴʹ ˄ʨʸʳʵʨʫʪʬʴʹ ʰʹ, ʸʵʳ ʳʨʹ ʹʨʱʻʯʨʸʰ ʴʬʩʰʯ ˀʬʻ˃ʲʰʨ ʪʸ˃ʴʵʩʬʩʰʹ
ʳʨʸʯʭʨ. ʳʨʪʸʨʳ ʨʫʨʳʰʨʴʯʨ ʻʳʸʨʭʲʬʹʵʩʨ ʹʨʱʻʯʨʸ ʪʸ˃ʴʵʩʨʯʨ
ʿʻʸʳʵ˅ʸʰʲʰ ʳʹʨˆʻʸʰʨ, ʳʨʯʰ ʩʸ˃ʨʴʬʩʰʹʨʳʬʩʸ ʳʵʽʳʬʫʬʩʹ.
ʪʸ˃ʴʵʩʬʩʰ ʨʹʶʰʺ ʪʭʬʲʬʩʹ ˈʪʭʨʴʨʴ, ʳʨʯ ʳʵ˃ʸʨʵʩʨʹ ʭʬʸʨʼʬʸʰ ʨˁʬʸʬʩʹ.
ʰʵʪʰ, ʨʴʻ ʬʸʯʪʻʲʰ, ʳʬʺʰʹʳʬʺʨʫ ˃ʨʲʳʵʹʰʲʰ ʻʴʫʨ ʰʿʵʹ, ʸʨʯʨ
ʫʨʰʳʵʸˁʰʲʵʹ ʪʭʬʲʬʩʰ, ʨʴ ʼʲʵʩʫʬʹ ʳʨʯʰ ʫʨ˂ˆʸʵʩʰʹ ˆʬʲʵʭʴʬʩʨʹ,
ʳʹʪʨʭʹʨʫ ʼʨʱʰʸʰʹʨ, ʸʵʳʬʲʰ˂ ʳʨʯ ʯʨʭʰʹ ʴʬʩʨʮʬ ʨʯʨʳʨˀʬʩʹ ʫʨ ʨʸʨ ʳʨʯʰ
ʹʻʸʭʰʲʰʹ ʳʰˆʬʫʭʰʯ.
ʪʨʴʫʵʩʰʲ ˄ʬʸʰʲʬʩˀʰ ʳʵʽʳʬʫʬʩʨ-ʽ˂ʬʭʬʩʰʹ ʳʸʨʭʨʲʰ ʫʨʴʨ˄ʬʹʰʨ
ʳʵ˂ʬʳʻʲʰ; ʮʵʪʰʬʸʯʰ ʳʨʯʪʨʴʰ ʪʨʸʱʭʬʻʲ ʳʵʽʳʬʫʬʩʬʩʹ ʱʸ˃ʨʲʨʭʹ,
ʮʵʪʰʬʸʯʰ ʹˆʭʨʯʨ ˀʬʹʸʻʲʬʩʨʹ ʳʵʰʯˆʵʭʹ. ʯʻʱʰ ʨʫʨʳʰʨʴʹ, ʸʨʯʨ
ʹʨʱʻʯʨʸʰ ʪʸ˃ʴʵʩʨ ʫʨʰʵʱʵʹ, ʨʹʬʯʰ ʨʳʱʸ˃ʨʲʨʭʰ ʫʨ ʫʨʳˀʭʬʩʰ ʫʨʴʨ˄ʬʹʬʩʰʹ
ˀʬʹʸʻʲʬʩʨ ʨʸ ˀʬʻ˃ʲʰʨ, ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ ˂ʴʵʩʰʬʸʬʩʨˀʰ ʰʪʰ ʭʬʸ ʪʨʴʳʺʱʰ˂ʫʬʩʨ. ʨʳ
ʨʳʩʨʭʹ ʱʻʹ ʳʨʪʨʲʰʯʰ ʱʨʸʪʨʫ ʳʰʬʹʨʫʨʪʬʩʨ. ʱʻʹ ʴʬʩʰʹʳʰʬʸ ʫʸʵʹ ˀʬʻ˃ʲʰʨ
ʱʰʫʻʸʬʩʰʹ ˀʬʳʨʲʭʨ ʩʨʱʨʴˀʰ ʹʨ˅ʰʸʵʬʩʰʹʨʳʬʩʸ. ʹ˄ʵʸʬʫ ʨʹʬʭʬ, ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ
˂ʴʵʩʰʬʸʰ ʶʰʸʵʭʴʬʩʬʩʰ ʪʸ˃ʴʵʩʬʩʹ ʯʸʪʻʴʨʭʬʴ, ʻʼʲʰʹ ʹʨʳʹʨˆʻʸˀʰ ʱʰ
ʪʨʸʱʭʬʻʲʰ ʳʰʮʴʰʹʨʯʭʰʹ ʨʭʲʬʴʬʴ. ʹʨʬʸʯʵʫ ʱʰ ʳʨʯʰ ʪʸ˃ʴʵʩʬʩʰ
ʨʲʨʪʳʻʲʰʨ. ʨʳ ʲʬʽʹˀʰ ʱʸʰˀʴʨ ʨʸˇʻʴʨʹ ʪʸ˃ʴʵʩʬʩʰʹ ʻʼʲʰʹ
ʹʨʳʹʨˆʻʸʰʹʨʯʭʰʹ ʫʨ ʨʸʨ ʹʨʱʻʯʨʸʰ ʹʻʸʭʰʲʬʩʰʹ ʫʨʹʨʱʳʨʿʵʼʰʲʬʩʲʨʫ
ʪʨʳʵʿʬʴʬʩʨʹ ʨʹ˄ʨʭʲʰʹ. ʱʻʹ ʽ˂ʬʭʨ ʳʨʪʨʲʰʯʰʨ ʰʳʰʹʨ, ʯʻ ʸʵʪʵʸ ʻʴʫʨ
ʭʳʨʸʯʨʭʫʬʯ ˁʭʬʴʹ ʪʸ˃ʴʵʩʬʩʹ ʫʨ ʳʨʯ ʳʨʸʨʫ ʻʼʲʰʹ ʹʨʫʰʫʬʩʲʨʫ
ʭʰʿʬʴʬʩʫʬʯ.

51

Tavi meore – gitas mokle Sinaarsi

59) ˆʵʸ˂ˀʬʹˆʳʻʲʳʨ ʹʻʲʳʨ ˀʬʰ˃ʲʬʩʨ ʯʨʭʰ ˀʬʰʱʨʭʵʹ ʪʸ˃ʴʵʩʨʯʨ
ʫʨʱʳʨʿʵʼʰʲʬʩʰʹʨʪʨʴ, ʳʨʪʸʨʳ ˀʬʹʨʪʸ˃ʴʵʩ ʹʨʪʨʴʯʨ ʪʬʳʵʹ ʳʨʰʴ˂ ʭʬʸ
ʰʭʰ˄ʿʬʩʹ. ˆʵʲʵ, ʸʵʪʵʸ˂ ʱʰ ʻʳʨʾʲʬʹ ʾʭʯʰʻʸ ʴʬʺʨʸʬʩʨʹ ʰʪʬʳʬʩʹ,
ʳʰʹʯʭʰʹ ʼʨʹʹ ʱʨʸʪʨʭʬʴ ʪʸ˃ʴʵʩʬʩʰ˂ʨ ʫʨ ʱʳʨʿʵʼʰʲʬʩʰʹ ʪʬʳʵ˂. ʨʳ ʪʮʰʯ
ʰʪʰ ˂ʴʵʩʰʬʸʬʩʨ-ʫʨʫʪʰʴʬʩʻʲ ʶʰʸʵʭʴʬʩʨʫ ʰʽ˂ʬʭʨ.
ˀʰʴʨ-ʨʸʹʰ: ʹʨʴʨʳ ˂ʵ˂ˆʨʲʰ ʨʸʹʬʩʨ ʺʸʨʴʹ˂ʬʴʫʬʴʺʻʸ ʳʫʪʵʳʨʸʬʵʩʨʹ ʨʸ
ʳʰʨʾ˄ʬʭʹ, ʭʬʸ ˀʬ˃ʲʬʩʹ ʪʸ˃ʴʵʩʨʯʨ ʫʨʱʳʨʿʵʼʰʲʬʩʰʹ ˀʬ˄ʿʭʬʺʨʹ ˄ʬʹʬʩʰʹʨ
ʫʨ ʨʱʸ˃ʨʲʭʬʩʰʹ ʹʨˀʻʨʲʬʩʰʯ. ʹʨʱʻʯʨʸ ʳʵʯˆʵʭʴʨʯʨ ˀʬʮʾʻʫʭʨ ʰʳʨʹ
ˈʪʨʭʹ, ʸʵʳ ʨʭʨʫʳʿʵʼʹ ʪʨʸʱʭʬʻʲʰ ʹʨˆʰʹ ʹʨʱʭʬʩʰʹʨʪʨʴ ʯʨʭˀʬʱʨʭʬʩʨ
ʫʨʭʻ˄ʬʹʵʯ. ʹʴʬʻʲʹ, ʨʸ˂ ʨʹʬʯʰ ʨˆʨʲʰ ʹʨ˅ʳʬʲʰ ʳʵʹ˄ʵʴʹ ʳʨʹ ʫʨ ʨʸ˂
˃ʭʬʲʰ ʱʬʸ˃ʬʩʰʹ ʪʬʳʵ ʨʭʰ˄ʿʫʬʩʨ. ʹ˄ʵʸʬʫ ʨʹʬʭʬ, ʪʸ˃ʴʵʩʨʯʨ ˀʬʮʾʻʫʭʨ
ʰʹʬʯʰ ʹʻʲʰʬʸʰ ʶʸʵ˂ʬʹʬʩʰʯ, ʸʵʪʵʸʰ˂ʨʨ ʨˀʺʨʴʪʨ-ʰʵʪʨ (ʸʵʳʬʲʰ˂
ˀʬʫʪʬʩʨ ʰʨʳʨʹ, ʴʰʨʳʨʹ, ʨʹʨʴʨʹ, ʶʸʨʴʨʰʨʳʨʹ, ʶʸʨʺʰʨʫˈʨʸʨʹ, ʫˈʨʸʨʴʨʹ,
ʫˈʰʨʴʨʹʨ ʫʨ ʹʨʳʨʫˈʰʹʨʪʨʴ) ʪʨʴʱʻʯʭʴʰʲʰʨ ʴʨʱʲʬʩʨʫ ʪʵʴʰʬʸʰ
ˆʨʲˆʰʹʨʯʭʰʹ, ʸʵʳʬʲʹʨ˂ ʻʱʬʯʬʹʰʹ ʽʳʴʨ ʨʸ ˆʬʲʬ˄ʰʼʬʩʨ. ʳʨʪʸʨʳ ʳʨʹ, ʭʰʴ˂
ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ ˂ʴʵʩʰʬʸʬʩʨˀʰ ˄ʰʴʹʭʲʰʹ ʪʮʨʮʬ ʻʮʬʴʨʬʹʰ ʻʼʲʰʹ ʳˀʭʬʴʰʬʸʬʩʨʹ
ʬʮʰʨʸʬʩʨ, ʬʱʨʸʪʬʩʨ ʳʱʭʫʨʸʰ ʳʰ˄ʰʬʸʰ ʹʨʪʴʬʩʰʹ ʪʬʳʵ. ʨʳʰʺʵʳ ˀʬʮʾʻʫʭʬʩʰ
ʫʨ˄ʬʹʬʩʻʲʰʨ ʹʻʲʰʬʸʰ ʪʨʴʭʰʯʨʸʬʩʰʹ ʪʮʨʮʬ ʬʹ-ʬʹʨʨ ˀʬʳʫʪʨʸʰ ˇʬʸ
ʻʪʻʴʻʸʰ ʨˆʨʲʩʬʫʬʩʰʹʨʯʭʰʹ. ʯʻʳ˂ʨ ʰʪʰ ʪʨʳʵʹʨʫʬʪʰʨ ʳˆʵʲʵʫ ʰʳ
ʫʸʵʳʫʬ, ʹʨʴʨʳ ʨʫʨʳʰʨʴʰ ʴʨʳʫʭʰʲʨʫ ʨʸ ʫʨʰʪʬʳʵʭʴʬʩʹ ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ
˂ʴʵʩʰʬʸʬʩʰʹ ʴʬʽʺʨʸʹ. ʸʵʫʬʹʨ˂ ˂ʵ˂ˆʨʲʰ ʨʸʹʬʩʨ ˅ʬˀʳʨʸʰʺʨʫ ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ
˂ʴʵʩʰʸʬʩʨˀʰʨ, ʻʳʴʰˀʭʴʬʲʵ ʹʨʪʴʬʩʰ ʳʰʹʯʭʰʹ ʯʨʭʰʹʯʨʭʨʫ ʱʨʸʪʨʭʹ
ʪʬʳʵʹʨ˂ ʫʨ ʳʰʳʮʰʫʭʬʲʵʩʨʹʨ˂.
60) ʩʵʩʵʽʨʸʰʨ ʫʨ ʳʪʮʴʬʩʨʸʬ ʪʸʴʵʩʨʯʨ ˃ʨʲʨ, ʵ, ʨʸˇʻʴʨ, ʰʹʰʴʰ ˄ʨʲʬʱʨʭʬʴ
ʯʭʰʯ ʳʵʨʮʸʵʭʴʬ ʩʸ˃ʬʴʱʨ˂ʰʹ ˅ʱʻʨʹʨ˂ ʱʰ ʫʨ ˆʬʲʰʫʨʴ ʨ˂ʲʰʨʴ
ʹʻʸʭʰʲʰʯʨ ʳʨʸʯʭʰʹ ʹʨʫʨʭʬʬʩʹ.
ˀʰʴʨ-ʨʸʹʰ: ʨʸʰʹ ʳʸʨʭʨʲʰ ʹ˄ʨʭʲʻʲʰ, ʼʰʲʵʹʵʼʵʹʰ ʫʨ
ʺʸʨʴʹ˂ʬʴʫʬʴʺʨʲʰʹʺʰ, ʸʵʳʲʬʩʰ˂ ʹʨʱʻʯʨʸʰ ʪʸ˃ʴʵʩʬʩʰʹ ʪʨʪʬʩʨʹ
˂ʫʰʲʵʩʬʴ, ʳʨʪʸʨʳ ʳʰʻˆʬʫʨʭʨʫ ˀʬʻʶʵʭʨʸʰ ʳ˂ʫʬʲʵʩʰʹʨ, ʳʨʯ ˀʵʸʰʹ
ʿʭʬʲʨʮʬ ʫʰʫʴʰ˂ ʱʰ ʮʵʪˇʬʸ ʨʩʵʸʪʬʩʻʲʰ ˅ʱʻʰʹ ʪʨʳʵ ˆʵʸ˂ʰʬʲʰ
ʱʳʨʿʵʼʰʲʬʩʰʹ ʳʹˆʭʬʸʶʲʴʰ ˆʫʬʩʰʨʴ. ʫʰʨʫʰ ʩʸ˃ʬʴʰ ʫʨ ʹʸʻʲʽʳʴʰʲʰ
ʰʵʪʰ ʭʰˀʭʨʳʰʺʸʨ˂ ʱʰ ʹʽʬʹʵʩʸʰʭʰ ʹʰʨʳʵʭʴʬʩʰʹ ˃ʨʲʰʯ ʨ˂ʫʻʴʨ ʳʬʴʨʱʨʳ,
ʯʻʳ˂ʨʾʨ ʰʵʪʰ ʳʱʨ˂ʸʰ ʬʶʰʯʰʳʰʬʩʰʯʨ ʫʨ ʰʵʪʨʹ ˄ʭʸʯʰʯ ˂ʫʰʲʵʩʫʨ
ʪʸ˃ʴʵʩʨʯʨ ʳʨʸʯʭʨʹ. ˂ˆʨʫʰʨ, ʳʹʵʼʲʰʵʹ ʰʹʺʵʸʰʨˀʰ ʳʸʨʭʨʲʰ ʳʹʪʨʭʹʰ
ˀʬʳʯˆʭʬʭʨ ʨʸʹʬʩʵʩʹ. ʨʳʰʺʵʳ ʻʨʾʸʬʹʨʫ ˃ʴʬʲʰʨ ˅ʱʻʰʹ ʫʨ ʪʸ˃ʴʵʩʬʩʰʹ
ʫʨʻʸʭʬʩʨ ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ ʹʸʻʲʰ ˂ʴʵʩʰʬʸʬʩʰʹ ʪʨʸʬˀʬ.

52

Tavi meore – gitas mokle Sinaarsi

ʶʸʨʽʺʰʱʻʲ ʳʨʪʨʲʰʯʹ ʫʰʨʫʰ ˄ʳʰʴʫʨʴʰ ʫʨ ʬʸʯʪʻʲʰ ˀʸʰ ʰʨʳʻʴʨˁʨʸʰʨ
ʪʭʨ˃ʲʬʭʹ. (˂ʰʺʨʺʨ) “ʳʨʹ ˀʬʳʫʬʪ, ʸʨ˂ ˁʬʳʰ ˅ʱʻʨ ʻʼʨʲʰ ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ
ʲʵʺʵʹʰʹʫʨʸ ʺʬʸʼʯʨ ʹʨʳʹʨˆʻʸʰʯ ʨʸʰʹ ʫʨʱʨʭʬʩʻʲʰ ʫʨ ʳʨʸʨʫ
ʪʨʴʨˆʲʬʩʨʫʰ ʺʸʨʴʹ˂ʬʴʫʬʴʺʻʸʰ ʪʨʴ˂ʫʬʩʰʯ ʭʺʱʩʬʩʰ, ʽʨʲʯʨʴ ʰʴʺʰʳʻʸ
ʻʸʯʰʬʸʯʵʩʨʮʬ ʪʨʼʰʽʸʬʩʰʹʨʹ ʻʳʨʲ ʹʨˆʬ ʳʬˀʲʬʩʨ ʫʨ ʭʰʼʻʸʯˆʬʩʰ”.
ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ ˂ʴʵʩʰʬʸʬʩʨ ʰʳʫʬʴʨʫ ʾʭʯʰʻʸʰ ʳˀʭʬʴʰʬʸʬʩʰʯʨʨ
ʪʨʴʨʯʲʬʩʻʲʰ, ʸʵʳ ˆʵʸ˂ʰʬʲʰ ʹʰʨʳʵʭʴʬʩʨ ʻʴʬʩʲʰʬʫ ʪʻʲʰʹʨʳʸʬʭʰ
ˆʫʬʩʨ. ʯʰʯʽʵʹ ʳˀʰʬʸʳʨ ʱʨ˂ʳʨ ˀʰʳˀʰʲʰ ʴʵʿʰʬʸʰ ʹʨ˅ʳʲʰʯ ʫʨʰʱʳʨʿʵʼʰʲʨ
ʫʨ ʹˆʭʨ ʹʨʱʭʬʩʰ ʻʪʬʳʻʸʨʫ ʬˁʭʬʴʬʩʨ. ʫʰʫʰ ʰʵʪʰ ʫʻʸʭʨʹʨ ʳʻʴʰ ʳʨˈʨʸʨˇʨ
ʨʳʩʨʸʰˀʳʨ˂ ʻʩʸʨʲʵʫ ʰʳʰʯ ʫʨʨʳʨʸ˂ˆʨ, ʸʵʳ ʳʰʹʰ ˅ʱʻʨ ʳʻʫʨʳ ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ
˂ʴʵʩʰʬʸʬʩʰʯ ʰʿʵ ʪʨ˂ʰʹʱʸʵʭʴʬʩʻʲʰ.(˂ʰʺ)
61) ʰʹ, ʭʰʴ˂ ʨʲʨʪʳʨ ʫʨ ʹʸʻʲʰʨʫ ʫʨʰʳʵʸˁʰʲʨ ʹʨʱʻʯʨʸʰ ʪʸ˃ʴʵʩʬʩʰ ʫʨ
ʯʨʭʰʹʰ ˂ʴʵʩʰʬʸʬʩʨ ʳˆʵʲʵʫ ˁʬʳʱʬʴ ʳʵʳʨʸʯʨ, ʪʵʴʬʩʨʳʺʱʰ˂ʬ ʨʫʨʳʰʨʴʨʫ
ʨʸʰʹ ˂ʴʵʩʰʲʰ.
ˀʰʴʨ-ʨʸʹʰ: ʨʳ ʲʬʽʹˀʰ ʴʨʯʲʨʫʨʨ ʪʨʴʳʨʸʺʬʩʻʲʰ, ʸʵʳ ʰʵʪʨʹ ʹʸʻʲʽʳʴʰʹ
ʻʳʨʾʲʬʹʰ ʳʰʮʨʴʰ ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ ˂ʴʵʩʰʬʸʬʩʨʹʯʨʴ ʳʰʹʭʲʨʨ. ˂ʵ˂ˆʨʲʰ ʨʸʹʬʩʨ,
ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ ˂ʴʵʩʰʬʸʬʩʨʹ ʳʵʱʲʬʩʲʰ, ʪʸ˃ʴʵʩʨʯʨ ʳʨʸʯʭʨʹ ʹʨʬʸʯʵʫ ʭʬʸ
ˀʬ˃ʲʬʩʹ. ʸʵʪʵʸ˂ ʮʬʳʵʯ ʰʿʵ ˂ʰʺʰʸʬʩʻʲʰ, ʫʨʰʫʳʨ ʩʸ˃ʬʴʳʨ ʫʻʸʭʨʹʨ
ʳʻʴʰʳ ʳʨˈʨʸʨˇʨ ʨʳʩʨʸʰˀʯʨʴ ˁˆʻʩʰ ˄ʨʳʵʰ˄ʿʵ. ˂ʸʻ ʹʰʨʳʨʿʰʯ ˀʬʶʿʸʵʩʰʲʳʨ,
ʯʨʭʨˀʭʬʩʻʲʰ ʸʰʹˆʭʨ ʭʬʸ ʳʵʯʵʱʨ. ʳʨˈʨʸʨˇʨ ʨʳ ʩʸ˃ʬʴʰʭʰʯ ʫʰʫʰ ʰʵʪʰ ʨʸ
ʰʿʵ, ʳʨʪʸʨʳ ʻʼʲʰʹ ʬʸʯʪʻʲʰ ʪʨˆʲʫʨʯ. ʯʭʰʴʰʬʸʨʫ ʰʯʳʬʴʫʨ ʩʸ˃ʬʴʰʹ
˄ʸʬʪʨʫʨʹʻʲ, ʻʹʨʳʨʸʯʲʵ ʯʨʭʫʨʹˆʳʬʩʹ ʫʨ ʪʨʰʳʨʸˇʭʨ. ʳʬʼʬʳ ʰʮʬʰʳʨ
ʹʨʱʻʯʨʸ ʪʸ˃ʴʵʩʬʩʮʬ ʪʨʳʨʸˇʭʬʩʰʯ, ʭʰʴʨʰʫʨʴ ʸʵʪʵʸ˂ ʬʹ “ˀʸʰʳʨʫʩˈʨʪʨʭʨʺʨʳˀʰʨ” ʴʨˆʹʬʴʬʩʰ (9.4.18-20), ʳʨʹ ˀʬʳʫʬʪʰ ʾʰʸʹʬʩʬʩʰ ʪʨʨˁʴʫʨ:
“ʳʬʼʬ ʨʳʩʨʸʰˀʨʳ ˅ʱʻʨ ʻʼʲʰʹ ʲʵʺʵʹʰʹʨʫʨʸʰ ʺʬʸʼʬʩʰʹʨʱʬʴ ʳʰʳʨʸʯʨ,
ʹʰʺʿʭʬʩʰʯ ʻʼʲʰʹ ʹʨʭʨʴʬʹ ʨʫʰʫʬʩʫʨ, ˆʬʲʬʩʰʯ ʻʼʲʰʹ ʺʨ˃ʨʸʹ ˄ʳʬʴʫʫʨ,
ʿʻʸʬʩʰʯ ʻʼʲʰʹ ʨʳʩʬʩʹ ʰʹʳʬʴʫʨ, ʯʭʨʲʬʩʰʯ ʻʼʲʰʹ ˆʨʺʬʩʹ
ˀʬˈʼʸʼʰʴʭʰʫʨ, ʹˆʬʻʲʰʯ ʬʸʯʪʻʲʯʨ ʹˆʬʻʲʬʩʹ ʬˆʬʩʵʫʨ, ʴʬʹʺʵʬʩʰʯ
ʻʼʲʰʹ ʲʵʺʵʹʰʹʨʫʨʸʰ ʺʬʸʼʬʩʰʹʨʯʭʰʹ ʳʰʸʯʳʬʻʲʰ ʿʭʨʭʰʲʬʩʰʹ
ʹʻʸʴʬʲʹ ʰʿʴʵʹʨʭʫʨ, ʬʴʰʯ ʻʼʲʰʹʨʯʭʰʹ ʳʰʸʯʳʬʻʲ ʺʻʲʨʹʰʹ ʼʵʯʲʬʩʹ
ʪʬʳʵʹ ʻʹʰʴˇʨʭʫʨ, ʼʬˆʬʩʰʯ ʳʰʬˀʻʸʬʩʵʫʨ ʰʳ ˄ʳʰʫʨ ʨʫʪʰʲʬʩʰʹʨʱʬʴ,
ʹʨʫʨ˂ ʻʼʲʰʹ ʺʨ˃ʨʸʰ ʬʪʻʲʬʩʵʫʨ, ʯʨʭʹ ʳʰ˄ʨʳʫʬ ʻˆʸʰʫʨ ʻʼʨʲʹ ʫʨ
ʹʨʱʻʯʨʸ ʹʻʸʭʰʲʬʩʹ ʻʮʬʴʨʬʹʰʹ ʹʻʸʭʰʲʬʩʰʹ ʨʾʹʸʻʲʬʩʨʹ ʨˆʳʨʸʫʨ... ʨʳ
ʾʰʸʹʬʩʬʩʰʹ ʪʨʳʵ ʱʰ ʰʪʰ ʻʼʲʰʹ ʬʸʯʪʻʲʰ ʳʨʺ-ʶʨʸʨ ʪʨˆʫʨ.”
ʨʳ ʱʵʴʺʬʽʹʺˀʰ ʿʭʬʲʨʮʬ ʳʴʰˀʭʴʬʲʵʭʨʴʰʨ ʹʰʺʿʭʨ ʳʨʺ-ʶʨʸʨ. ʳʨˈʨʸʨˇʨ
ʨʳʩʨʸʰˀʰʹ ˂ˆʵʭʸʬʩʨ ʪʭʨʹ˄ʨʭʲʰʹ, ʸʵʪʵʸ ˀʬʰ˃ʲʬʩʨ ʱʨ˂ʰ ʳʨʺ-ʶʨʸʨ ʪʨˆʫʬʹ.
ʫʰʨʫʰ ʳʬ˂ʴʰʬʸʰ ʫʨ ʨˁʨʸʰʨ ʳʨʺ-ʶʨʸʨʯʨ ʸʰʪʵʩʸʰʭʰ ʯʨʴʳʰʳʫʬʭʸʵʩʰʹ

53

Tavi meore – gitas mokle Sinaarsi

ˆʨʮʰʯ ˀʸʰʲʨ ʩʨʲʨʫʬʭʨ ʭʰʫʰʨʩˈʻˀʨʴʨ ʨʳʩʵʩʹ: “ʪʸ˃ʴʵʩʨʯʨ ʹʸʻʲʰ
ʳʨʸʯʭʨ ʳˆʵʲʵʫ ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ ʬʸʯʪʻʲʰ ʹʨʳʹʨˆʻʸʰʹ ˃ʨʲʰʯ ˀʬʰ˃ʲʬʩʨ”; ʯʨʴ
ʳʵˈʿʨʭʹ ˂ʬ˂ˆʲʰʹ ʳʨʪʨʲʰʯʰ: “ʸʵʪʵʸ˂ ʵʯʨˆˀʰ ʳʵʪʰʮʪʰʮʬ ˂ʬ˂ˆʲʰ
ʩʻʪʨʭʹ ʿʭʬʲʨʼʬʸʹ, ʻʼʨʲʰ ʭʰˀʴʻ, ʸʵʳʬʲʰ˂ ʰʵʪʰʹ ʪʻʲˀʰ ʹʻʼʬʭʹ, ˄ʭʨʭʹ
ʿʵʭʬʲʪʭʨʸ ʻ˄ʳʰʴʫʻʸʵʩʨʹ”. “ʰʵʪʨ-ʹʻʺʸʨˀʰ˂” ʳʬʫʰʺʨ˂ʰʨ ʭʰˀʴʻʮʬ
˅ʱʻʰʹ ʳʰʳʨʸʯʭʰʯ ʨʸʰʹ ʫʨ˄ʬʹʬʩʻʲʰ ʫʨ ʨʸʨ ʹʰ˂ʨʸʰʬʲʬˀʰ ʪʨʸʰʴʫʬʩʰʯ.
ʬʪʸʬʯ˄ʵʫʬʩʻʲʰ ʰʵʪʬʩʰ, ʸʵʳʬʲʯʨ ʳʬʫʰʺʨ˂ʰʰʹ ʳʰʮʨʴʰʨ ʰʹ, ʸʨ˂ ʭʰˀʴʻʹ
ʹʰʳʨʾʲʬʹ ʨʸ ʳʰʬʱʻʯʭʴʬʩʨ, ʼʻ˅ʨʫ ʱʨʸʪʨʭʬʴ ʫʸʵʹ ʳʵˁʭʬʴʬʩʨʯʨ ʨʳʨʵ
˃ʰʬʩʨˀʰ. ˁʭʬʴ ʻʴʫʨ ʭʰʿʵʯ ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ ˂ʴʵʩʰʬʸʰ – ʾʳʸʯʨʬʩʸʰʭʰ
ʶʰʸʵʭʴʬʩʰʹʯʭʰʹ ʯʨʭʫʨʫʬʩʻʲʴʰ. ʨʰ, ʰʵʪʨʹ ˅ʬˀʳʨʸʰʺʰ ʳʰʮʨʴʰ!
62) ʹʨʪʴʬʩʹ ʪʸ˃ʴʵʩʨʳʵʸʬʭʰʯ ʻ˅ʭʸʬʺʹ ʶʰʸʵʭʴʬʩʨ ʫʨ ʭʬʾʨʸ ʹ˂ʰʲʫʬʩʨ –
ʨʹʬʯʰ ʳʰˇʨ˅ʭʻʲʵʩʰʯ ʹʻʲʮʬ ˆʵʸ˂ʰʹ ʮʬʰʳʰ ʰ˄ʿʬʩʨ, ʨʭˆʵʸ˂ʵʩʨ ʱʰ
ʳʸʰʹˆʨʴʬʩʰʹ ʳˀʵʩʬʲʰʨ.
ˀʰʴʨ-ʨʸʹʰ. ʰʹ, ʭʰʴ˂ ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ ˂ʴʵʩʰʬʸʬʩʨˀʰ ʨʸ ʰʳʿʵʼʬʩʨ, ʪʸ˃ʴʵʩʨʯʨ
ʹʨʪʴʬʩʰʹ ˅ʭʸʬʺʰʹʨʹ ˆʵʸ˂ʰʬʲʰ ʹʻʸʭʰʲʬʩʰ ʨʾʬ˃ʭʸʰʹ ʫʨ ʳʨʹ ʯʨʭʹ ʭʬʾʨʸ
ʨʾ˄ʬʭʹ. ʨʳʰʺʵʳ ʪʸ˃ʴʵʩʬʩʰ ʨʸ ʻʴʫʨ ʳʰʭʻˀʭʨʯ ʴʬʩʨʮʬ, ʯʻ ʨʸʨ ʫʨ ʰʹʰʴʰ
ʨʻ˂ʰʲʬʩʲʨʫ ʪʨʬʩʳʰʨʴ ʳʨʺʬʸʰʰʹ ˂ʯʻʴʬʩʨʯʨ ʩʨʫʬˀʰ. ʳʨʺʬʸʰʨʲʻʸʰ
ʿʵʼʰʬʸʬʩʰʹ ʳʵʸʬʭˀʰ ʿʭʬʲʨ, ʻʼʨʲʰ ˀʰʭʨʹʨ ʫʨ ʻʼʨʲʰ ʩʸʨˈʳʨʹ ˁʨʯʭʲʰʯ
(ʸʵʳ ʨʾʨʸʨʼʬʸʰ ʭʯʽʭʨʯ ʮʬ˂ʰʻʸʰ ʶʲʨʴʬʺʬʩʰʹ ʹˆʭʨ ʳʵʩʰʴʨʫʸʬʬʩʮʬ),
ʪʸ˃ʴʵʩʨʯʨ ʹʨʪʴʬʩʰʹ ʪʨʭʲʬʴʨʹ ʭʬʸ ʻ˄ʬʭʬʴ ˄ʰʴʨʨʾʳʫʬʪʵʩʨʹ. ʳʨʪ., ʻʼʨʲʰ
ˀʰʭʨ ʾʸʳʨʫ ʰʿʵ ˁʨ˃ʰʸʻʲʰ ʳʬʫʰʺʨ˂ʰʨˀʰ, ʳʨʪʸʨʳ ʸʵʫʬʹʨ˂ ʳˀʭʬʴʰʬʸʳʨ
ʶʨʸʭʨʺʰʳ ʨʾʨʪʮʴʵ ʳʰʹʰ ʳʨʳʸʻʲʰ ʭʴʬʩʨ, ʰʪʰ ʻ˃ʲʻʸʰ ʨʾʳʵˁʴʫʨ ʻʨʸʰ
ʬʯʽʭʨ ʹʰʨʳʵʭʴʬʩʨʮʬ. ʫʨʰʩʨʫʨ ʱʨʸʺʰʱʬʨ. ʸʵʫʬʹʨ˂ ˈʨʸʰʫʨʹʨ ʯˈʨʱʻʸʨ
ʻʼʲʰʹ ʨˆʨʲʪʨʮʸʫʨ ʬʸʯʪʻʲʰ ʰʿʵ, ʹ˄ʵʸʬʫ ʨʹʬʭʬ ʨʶʰʸʬʩʫʨ ʳʰʹ
ˀʬ˂ʫʬʴʨʹ ʳʨʰʨ-ʫʬʭʰʹ ʰʴʱʨʸʴʨ˂ʰʨ, ʳʨʪʸʨʳ ʻʼʨʲʰ ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹʨʫʳʰ ˄ʳʰʫʨ
ʬʸʯʪʻʲʬʩʰʹ ʪʨʳʵ ˈʨʸʰʫʨʹʨʳ ʪʨʳʵ˂ʫʨʹ ʪʨʻ˃ʲʵ.
ʸʵʪʵʸ˂ ˀʸʰ ʰʨʳʻʴʨˁʨʸʰʨʹ ʮʬʳʵˆʹʬʴʬʩʻʲ ʲʬʽʹˀʰ ʰʿʵ ʴʨʯʽʭʨʳʰ,
ʻʼʲʰʹ ʪʻʲ˄ʸʼʬʲʰ ʬʸʯʪʻʲʰʹ ʪʸ˃ʴʵʩʬʩʹ ʨʸ ʬʱʨʸʬʩʹ ʳʰ˄ʰʬʸʰ
ʱʳʨʿʵʼʰʲʬʩʰʹ ˄ʨʫʰʲʰ, ʭʰʴʨʰʫʨʴ ʳʨʹ ʻʼʨʲʯʨʴ ʻʸʯʰʬʸʯʵʩʰʯ
ʪʨʳʵ˄ʭʬʻʲʰ ʹʻʲʰʬʸʰ ʹʰʨʳʵʭʴʬʩʰʹ ʻʴʬʺʨʸʬʹʰ ʪʸ˃ʴʵʩʨ ʨʽʭʹ ʪʨʴ˂ʫʰʲʰ.
ʨʳʨˀʰʨ ʹʨʰʫʻʳʲʵ. ʨʳʰʺʵʳ ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ ˂ʴʵʩʰʬʸʬʩʰʹ ʪʨʸʬˀʬ, ʸʨ˂ ʨʸ ʻʴʫʨ
˃ʨʲʻʳʨʫ ˂ʫʰʲʵʩʫʬʹ ʶʰʸʵʭʴʬʩʨ, ʹʨʱʻʯʨʸʰ ʪʸ˃ʴʵʩʬʩʰ ʫʨʯʸʪʻʴʵʹ,
ʹʨʩʵʲʵʵʫ ʨʻ˂ʰʲʬʩʲʨʫ ʫʨʳʨʸ˂ˆʫʬʩʨ. ʱʨ˂ʯʨ ʩʻʴʬʩʨ ʯʨʭʰʹʯʨʭʨʫ
˄ʨʰʿʭʨʴʹ ʳʨʹ ʳʨʸ˂ˆʰʹ ʪʮʰʯ – ʹʰʨʳʵʭʴʬʩʨʮʬ ʼʰʽʸʰʹ ʪʨʬʲʭʬʩʨ˂ ʱʰ ʨʫʨʳʰʨʴʹ
ʨʾʨʪʮʴʬʩʹ ʪʸ˃ʴʵʩʨʯʨ ʫʨʹʨʱʳʨʿʵʼʰʲʬʩʲʨʫ ʫʨ ʯʨʭʨʫ ʻ˃ʲʻʸʰ ʰʽʴʬʩʨ
ʸʨʳʬ ʰʾʵʴʵʹ.

54

Tavi meore – gitas mokle Sinaarsi

63) ʳʸʰʹˆʨʴʬʩʰʹʨʪʨʴ ʯʨʭʪʮʨʨʩʴʬʻʲʯ ʯʭʨʲʯ ʪʭʰʩʴʬʲʫʬʩʨ ʫʨ ʰʲʻʮʰʰʹ
ʺʿʭʬʫʽʳʴʰʲʯ ʪʵʴʰʬʸʬʩʨ ʪʭʬʱʨʸʪʬʩʨ, ʸʰʹ ˀʬʫʬʪʨʫʨ˂ ʱʭʲʨʭ
ʳʨʺʬʸʰʨʲʻʸʰ ʿʵʼʰʬʸʬʩʰʹ ˅ʨʵʩˀʰ ʭʬʼʲʵʩʰʯ.
ˀʰʴʨ-ʨʸʹʰ: ˀʸʰʲʨ ʸʻʶʨ ʪʵʹʭʨʳʰʳ ʨʹʬʯʰ ʫʨʸʰʪʬʩʨ ʳʵʪʭ˂ʨ: ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ
˂ʴʵʩʰʬʸʬʩʰʹ ʪʨʴʭʰʯʨʸʬʩʨʹʯʨʴ ʬʸʯʨʫ ʨʫʨʳʰʨʴʹ ʬʹʳʰʹ, ʸʵʳ ʻʼʲʰʹ
ʹʨʳʹʨˆʻʸˀʰ ʿʭʬʲʨʼʬʸʹ ʯʨʭʰʹʰ ʫʨ ʯʨʭʰʹʯʨʭʨʫ ʫʨʫʪʰʴʬʩʻʲʰ
ʫʨʴʰˀʴʻʲʬʩʨ ʨʽʭʹ. ʭʰʴ˂ ʳʵʱʲʬʩʻʲʰʨ ʾʭʯʰʻʸ ʹ˄ʨʭʲʬʩʨʹ, ˆʬʲʵʭʴʻʸʨʫ
˂ʫʰʲʵʩʹ ʪʨʳʵʬʯʰˀʵʹ ʳʨʺʬʸʰʨʲʻʸ ʹʨʪʴʬʩʹ, ʸʰʹ ʪʨʳʵ˂ ʭʬʸ ʨʾ˄ʬʭʹ
ʪʨʴʫʬʪʰʲʵʩʰʹ ʹʸʻʲʿʵʼʨʹ, ʯʻʳ˂ʨ ʳʰ˄ʰʬʸʬʩʰʹ ʺʿʭʬʵʩʰʫʨʴ
ʪʨʴʯʨʭʰʹʻʼʲʬʩʨ ʹʻʸʹ. ʳʨʯ ʬʪʸʬʯ˄ʵʫʬʩʻʲ ʪʨʴʫʬʪʰʲʵʩʨʹ ʼˈʨʲʪʻ,
ʨʴʻ “ʴʨʱʲʬʩʨʫ ʳʴʰˀʭʴʬʲʵʭʨʴʰ” ʬ˄ʵʫʬʩʨ. ʳʬʵʸʬ ʳˆʸʰʭ, ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ
˂ʴʵʩʰʬʸʬʩʨˀʰ ʳʿʵʼʳʨ ʶʰʸʵʭʴʬʩʨʳ ʰ˂ʰʹ, ʸʨ ʫʨ ʸʵʪʵʸ ʪʨʳʵʰʿʬʴʵʹ ʻʼʲʰʹ
ʹʨʳʹʨˆʻʸˀʰ; ʨʳʰʺʵʳ ʰʪʰ ʳʨʺʬʸʰʨʲʻʸʰ ʳʰʮʰʫʻʲʵʩʰʹ ʳʹˆʭʬʸʶʲʰ ʨʸ
ˆʫʬʩʨ. ʳʨʪʨʲʰʯʨʫ, ʰʳʶʬʸʹʵʴʨʲʰʹʺʹ ʳʰʨˁʴʰʨ, ʸʵʳ ʸʨʫʪʨʴ ʻʼʨʲʰ, ʨʴʻ
ʨʩʹʵʲʻʺʰ, ʻʶʰʸʵʭʴʵʨ, ʳʨʹ ˅ʨʳʨ ʨʸ ˀʬʻ˃ʲʰʨ. ʯʨʭʨʫ ʰʳʶʬʸʹʵʴʨʲʰʹʺʰ˂
˂ʫʰʲʵʩʹ, ʨʸ ʪʨʬʱʨʸʵʹ ʳˀʭʬʴʰʬʸ ʱʬʸ˃ʬʩʹ, ʬʸʯʪʻʲʳʨ ʱʰ ʰ˂ʰʹ, ʸʵʳ ʱʸʰˀʴʨ
ʻʳʨʾʲʬʹ ʪʨʴ˂ˆʸʵʳʨʹ ˆˀʰʸʨʫ ʬ˃ʲʬʭʨ ʫʨ ʳʰʰʸʯʳʬʭʹ ʿʭʬʲʨʼʬʸʹ, ʸʨʹʨ˂
ʬʸʯʪʻʲʬʩʰʯ ˀʬʭʯʨʭʨʮʬʩʯ, ʳʰʭʨʸʯʳʬʭʯ ʸʨ ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ ʸˁʬʻʲ ʱʬʸ˃ʬʩʹ,
ˀʬʳʫʬʪ ˁʭʬʴʭʬ ʭʺʱʩʬʩʰʯ ʴʨʸˁʬʴʬʩʰʯ, ʸʨʹʨ˂ ʶʸʨʹʨʫʰ ʬ˄ʵʫʬʩʨ. ʨʳʸʰʪʨʫ,
ʿʭʬʲʨʼʬʸʰ ʹʻʲʰʬʸʫʬʩʨ ʫʨ ʽʸʬʩʨ ʫʨ˂ʬʳʰʹ ʹʨˀʰˀʸʵʬʩʨ˂. ʬʸʯʪʻʲʰ
ʾʬʩʻʲʵʩʹ ʶʸʨʹʨʫʹ ˂ʴʵʩʰʬʸʬʩʰʯ, ʨʸʨʬʸʯʪʻʲʰ ʻʨʸʹ ʨʳʩʵʩʹ ʳʨʹʮʬ,
ʸʵʪʵʸ˂ ʴʰʭʯʰʬʸ ʴʨʸˁʬʴʬʩʮʬ, ʨʳʰʺʵʳʨʨ ʸʵʳ ʳʰʹʰ ʪʨʴʫʬʪʰʲʵʩʨ
ʴʨ˃ʨʲʨʫʬʭʰʨ ʫʨ ʹʰ˂ʵ˂ˆʲʰʯ ʳʰʹ ʺʱʩʵʩʰʹ ʪʨʴ˂ʫʨ˂ ˆʬʲʵʭʴʻʸʰʨ. ʳʰʹ
˅ʱʻʨʹ ʸʨʰʳʬ ʳʰ˄ʰʬʸʰ ʵʫʴʨʭ ʨʾʨʪʮʴʬʩʹ ʯʻ ʨʸʨ, ʰʪʰ ʱʭʲʨʭ ʿʵʼʰʬʸʬʩʰʹ
ʳʵʸʬʭˀʰ ʭʨʸʫʬʩʨ. ʨʳʩʵʩʬʴ, ʨʹʬʯʰ ʹʻʲʰ ʪʨʯʨʭʰʹʻʼʲʬʩʰʹ ˀʬʳʫʬʪʨ˂ ʱʰ
ʬ˂ʬʳʨ, ʭʰʴʨʰʫʨʴ ʨʸ ʪʨʨˁʴʰʨ ʹʨʰʳʬʫʵ ʹʨʿʸʫʬʴʰ ʬʸʯʪʻʲʰ ʹʨʳʹʨˆʻʸʰʹ
ʹʨˆʰʯ.
64) ʭʰʴ˂ ʯʨʭʰʹʻʼʨʲʰʨ ʳʰ˄ʰʬʸ ʹʨʪʨʴʯʨ ʪʨʭʲʬʴʰʹʨʪʨʴ, ʮʰʮʾʰ ʫʨ
ʹʰ˃ʻʲʭʰʲʰ ʨʸ ʳʰʬʸʬʭʨ; ʹʨʱʻʯʨʸ ʪʸ˃ʴʵʩʬʩʹ ʳʨʸʯʨʭʹ, ʰʹʬ ʸʵʪʵʸ˂
ʯʨʭʰʹʻʼʲʬʩʰʹʨʱʬʴ ʹ˄ʸʨʼʭʰʯ ʼʸʯʨˀʬʹˆʳʻʲʰ ʫʨ ʻʼʲʰʹ ʹʸʻʲʰ
˄ʿʨʲʵʩʰʹ ʾʰʸʹʽʳʴʨʹ ʳʰʨʾ˄ʬʭʹ.
ˀʰʴʨ-ʨʸʹʰ. ʻʱʭʬ ʪʨʴʳʨʸʺʬʩʻʲʰ ʰʿʵ, ʸʵʳ ʨʫʨʳʰʨʴʳʨ ˀʬʰ˃ʲʬʩʨ
ʪʨʸʬʪʴʻʲʨʫ ʸʨʾʨ˂ ʪʨʳʵʪʵʴʰʲʰ ʹʨˀʻʨʲʬʩʬʩʰʯ ʳʨʸʯʵʹ ʪʸ˃ʴʵʩʬʩʰ,
ʳʨʪʸʨʳ ʯʻʱʰ ʬʹ ʪʸ˃ʴʵʩʬʩʰ ʻʼʲʰʹ ʺʸʨʴʹ˂ʬʴʫʬʴʺʻʸʰ ʹʨʳʹʨˆʻʸʰʯ ʨʸ
ʰʽʳʴʬʩʨ ʳʨʫʲ˂ˆʬʩʻʲʰ, ʨʸʹʬʩʵʩʹ ʫʨ˂ʬʳʰʹ ʫʰʫʰ ʹʨˀʰˀʸʵʬʩʨ. ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ
ʹʸʻʲ ˂ʴʵʩʰʬʸʬʩʨˀʰ ʳʿʵʼʰ ʮʵʪʰ ʶʰʸʵʭʴʬʩʨ, ʬʸʯʰ ˀʬˆʬʫʭʰʯ, ˀʬʰ˃ʲʬʩʨ

55

Tavi meore – gitas mokle Sinaarsi

ʪʸ˃ʴʵʩʨʯʨ ʪʨʭʲʬʴʰʹ ʫʵʴʬʮʬ ʰʳʿʵʼʬʩʵʫʬʹ, ʳʨʪʸʨʳ ʳʨʯʰ ʩʸ˃ʨʴʬʩʰʹ
ʨʾʳʹʸʻʲʬʩʬʲʰ ʨʸ ʰʿʵʹ ʫʨ ʨʸ˂ ʳʨʯ ʳʨʹʰʨʳʵʭʴʬʩʬʲ ʹʨʽʳʰʨʴʵʩʬʩʹ
ʨʹʸʻʲʬʩʫʬʹ. ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ ˂ʴʵʩʰʬʸʰ ʶʰʸʵʭʴʬʩʨ ʳˆʵʲʵʫ ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ
ʹʰʨʳʵʭʴʬʩʨʮʬ ʼʰʽʸʵʩʹ ʫʨ ʹˆʭʨ ʨʸʨʼʬʸʮʬ. ʨʳʰʺʵʳ ʰʪʰ ʿʵʭʬʲʪʭʨʸʰ
ʳʰ˄ʰʬʸʰʹʨʫʳʰ ʳʰˇʨ˅ʭʻʲʵʩʨʮʬ ʳʨʾʲʨ ʫʪʨʹ. ʯʻʱʰ ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ ʹʻʸʹ,
ʬʸʯʪʻʲʰ ʿʭʬʲʨʼʬʸʹ ʪʨʨʱʬʯʬʩʹ, ʸʨ˂ ˁʭʬʻʲʬʩʸʰʭʰ ʯʭʨʲʯʨˆʬʫʭʰʯ
ʨʸʨʹʨʹʻʸʭʬʲʨʫʨ˂ ʱʰ ˀʬʰ˃ʲʬʩʨ ʳʵʪʬˁʭʬʴʵʯ, ʫʨ ʯʻ ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ ʴʬʩʨ ʨʸ ʨʸʰʹ,
ʹʨʱʻʯʨʸ ʪʸ˃ʴʵʩʬʩʹ ʭʬʾʨʸ ʨˈʿʭʬʩʨ ʫʨ ʭʬʸ˂ ʳʨʯʰ ʺʱʩʵʩʰʹ ʳʵʴʨ ʰʽʴʬʩʨ. ʬʹ
ʰʳʨʮʬ ʰʽʴʬʩʨ ʫʨʳʵʱʰʫʬʩʻʲʰ, ʨʾʨʹʸʻʲʬʩʹ ʯʻ ʨʸʨ ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ ʳʰʯʰʯʬʩʬʩʹ.
ʨʹʬʯʰ ˂ʴʵʩʰʬʸʬʩʨ ʳʨʹ ʬ˃ʲʬʭʨ ʻʼʲʰʹ ʻʳʰʮʬʮʵ ˄ʿʨʲʵʩʰʯ, ʸʰʹʰ ʳʰʾʬʩʨ˂
ʬʸʯʪʻʲʹ ˀʬʻ˃ʲʰʨ ʪʸ˃ʴʵʩʨʯʨ ʳʹʨˆʻʸʬʩʰʹ ʴʬʩʰʹʳʰʬʸ ʹʨʼʬˆʻʸʮʬ.
65) ʳʨʹʮʬ, ʭʰʴ˂ ʨʳʪʭʨʸʨʫ ʬ˄ʰʨ ʩʬʫʴʰʬʸʬʩʨʹ, ʨʾʨʸ ʳʵʽʳʬʫʬʩʹ
ʳʨʺʬʸʰʨʲʻʸʰ ʿʵʼʰʬʸʬʩʰʹ ʹʨʳʪʭʨʸʰ ʹʨʺʨʴˇʭʬʲʰ. ʼʸʰʨʫ ʱʳʨʿʵʼʰʲʰ
ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ ˂ʴʵʩʰʬʸʬʩʨˀʰ ʿʵʼʴʰʯ ʹʨʱʻʯʨʸʰ ʪʵʴʬʩʰʹ ʪʨʴʳʺʱʰ˂ʬʩʨʹ ʨʾ˄ʬʭʹ.
66) ʳʨʹ, ʭʰʹʰ ʪʻʲʰ˂ ʻʮʬʴʨʬʹʰ ˀʬʳʵʽʳʬʫʰʯ ʨʸ ʨʸʰʹ ʶʰʸʨʳʫʬ ʨʾʹʨʭʹʬ,
ʭʬʸ˂ ʺʸʨʴʹ˂ʬʴʫʬʴʺʻʸʰ ʪʵʴʬʩʨ ʬʽʴʬʩʨ ʫʨ ʭʬʸ˂ ʳʺʱʰ˂ʬ ˅ʱʻʨʹ ʫʨʰʱʭʬˆʴʰʹ.
ˀʰʴʨ-ʨʸʹʰ. ʯʻ ˂ʵ˂ˆʨʲʰ ʨʸʹʬʩʨ ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ ˂ʴʵʩʰʬʸʰ ʨʸ ʨʸʰʹ, ʰʪʰ
ʭʬʸʨʹʵʫʬʹ ʳʰʨʾ˄ʬʭʹ ʳˀʭʰʫʵʩʨʹ. ʳʬˆʻʯʬ ʯʨʭˀʰ (5.29) ʫʨʫʨʹʺʻʸʬʩʻʲʰʨ,
ʸʵʳ ˅ʬˀʳʨʸʰʺʰ ʳˀʭʰʫʵʩʰʹ ʫʨʳʱʭʰʫʸʬʩʨ ˆʫʬʩʨ ʳˆʵʲʵʫ ʳʨˀʰʴ, ʸʵ˂ʨ
ʳʹˆʭʬʸʶʲˀʬ˄ʰʸʭʬʩʰʹʨ ʫʨ ʬʶʰʯʰʳʰʬʩʰʹ ʿʵʭʬʲʰ ʹʨʹʰʱʬʯʵ ˀʬʫʬʪʰ
ʬ˃ʾʭʴʬʩʨ ʬʸʯʨʫʬʸʯʰʹʨ ʫʨ ʪʨʴʻʳʬʵʸʬʩʲʰʹ, ʳʯʬʲʰ ʱʵʹʳʵʹʻʸʰ
ʪʨʳʵʭʲʰʴʬʩʰʹ ʳʼʲʵʩʬʲʰʹʨ ʫʨ ʿʵʭʬʲʰ ˂ʵ˂ˆʨʲʰ ʨʸʹʬʩʰʹ ˅ʬˀʳʨʸʰʺʰ
ʳʬʪʵʩʸʰʹ ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ ʪʨʴ˂ˆʸʵʳʨʹ. ʹʻʲʰʬʸ ˂ʴʵʩʰʬʸʬʩʨʹ ʳʵʱʲʬʩʻʲ
ʻʳʬ˂ʨʸʯ Å ʴʰʨʫʨʪ ʨʼʵʸʰʨʽʬʩʻʲʯʨ ʫʨ ʳˀʼʯʵʭʨʸʬʯ Å ʹʨʩʵʲʵʵ
ʳʰʮʨʴʰ˂ ʭʬʸ ʬʽʴʬʩʨʯ. ʸʵʫʬʹʨ˂ ˂ʵ˂ˆʨʲʰ ʨʸʹʬʩʨ ʫʨʸ˄ʳʻʴʬʩʻʲʰʨ, ʸʵʳ
ʱʸʰˀʴʨ ʿʵʭʬʲʰ ʳʨʯʰ ʳʹˆʭʬʸʶʲʰʹ ʳʰʳʯʭʲʬʲʰ, ʳʨʫʲʰʬʸʰ ʫʨ ʳʬʪʵʩʨʸʰʨ,
ʳʰʹʰ ˅ʱʻʨ ʫʨʨʳʫʬʩʨ, ʳˀʭʰʫʵʩʨʹ ʰʳʱʭʰʫʸʬʩʹ, ʹʰʳʺʱʰ˂ʬʹ ʰʳʨʺʬʩʹ. ʨʳʰʺʵʳ,
ʰʹ, ʭʰʴ˂ ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ ˀʻʽʰʹ ʪʨʸʬˀʬ ˄ʿʭʫʰʨʫˀʰ ˀʸʵʳʵʩʹ, ʪʨʸʫʻʭʨʲ
ʪʨʴʹʨ˂ʫʬʲʹ ʪʸ˃ʴʵʩʹ ʫʨ ʹʰʳˀʭʰʫʬ ʬʴʨʺʸʬʩʨ. ʸʨ˂ ʨʸ ʻʴʫʨ
ʯʭʨʲ˄ʨʸʳʺʨ˂ʨʫ ʫʨʪʭʰˆʨʺʵʹ ʯʨʭʰʹʰ ʹʻʲʰʬʸʰ ʹʰʳˀʭʰʫʰʹʨ ʫʨ ˄ʰʴʹʭʲʰʹ
ʹʻʸʨʯʰ, ʰʪʰ ʳʨʰʴ˂ ʨʭʰʹ ʳʵʲʵʫʰʴʰʯ ʨʸʰʹ ʪʻʲʪʨʹʬʴʰʲʰ. ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ
˂ʴʵʩʰʬʸʬʩʨ ʯʭʰʯʪʨʳʵʭʲʬʴʰʲʰ ʨʻʳʾʭʸʬʭʬʲʰ ʫʨ ˄ʿʴʨʸʰ ʳʫʪʵʳʨʸʬʵʩʨʨ,
ʸʵʳʲʰʹ ʳʰʾ˄ʬʭʨ ʳˆʵʲʵʫ ʻʼʨʲʯʨʴ ʻʸʯʰʬʸʯʵʩʰʯ ˀʬʰ˃ʲʬʩʨ.

56

Tavi meore – gitas mokle Sinaarsi

67) ʸʵʪʵʸ˂ ˃ʲʰʬʸʰ ʽʨʸʰ ʨʨʺʰʭʺʰʭʬʩʹ ˄ʿʨʲˀʰ ʳʵ˂ʻʸʨʭʬ ʴʨʭʹ, ʬʸʯ ʬʻʲ
ʪʸ˃ʴʵʩʨʹʨ˂ ʱʰ, ʯʻ ʳʰʹʱʬʴ ˅ʱʻʨʨ ʳʰʳʨʸʯʻʲʰ, ˀʬʻ˃ʲʰʨ ʴʨʼʵʺʰʭʰʯ
ʨʯʸʰʵʹ ʨʽʬʯ-ʰʽʰʯ ʱʨ˂ʰʹ ʪʵʴʰʬʸʬʩʨ.
ˀʰʴʨ-ʨʸʹʰ. ʯʻ ʿʵʭʬʲʰ ʪʸ˃ʴʵʩʨ ʻʼʲʰʹ ʹʨʳʹʨˆʻʸˀʰ ʨʸ ʰʽʴʬʩʨ
ʫʨʱʨʭʬʩʻʲʰ, ʹʨʱʻʯʨʸ ʹʰʨʳʵʭʴʬʩʨʹ ʪʨʫʨʿʵʲʰʲʳʨ ʬʸʯʳʨ ʳʯʸʯʵʲʭʨʸʬ
ʪʸ˃ʴʵʩʨʳʨ˂ ʱʰ ˀʬʰ˃ʲʬʩʨ ʪʨʫʨʨ˂ʫʰʴʵʹ ʬʸʯʪʻʲʰ ʺʸʨʴʹ˂ʬʴʫʬʴʺʻʸʰ
˄ʰʴʹʭʲʰʹ ʪʮʰʫʨʴ, ʸʵʪʵʸ˂ ʳʨˈʨʸʨˇʨ ʨʳʩʨʸʰˀʰʹ ˂ˆʵʭʸʬʩʰʹ ʨʾ˄ʬʸʨˀʰ ʰʿʵ
ʴʨˆʹʬʴʬʩʰ, ʱʨ˂ʰʹ ʿʵʭʬʲʰ ʪʸ˃ʴʵʩʨ ʻʴʫʨ ʫʨʭʻʳʵʸˁʰʲʵʯ ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ
˂ʴʵʩʰʬʸʬʩʨʹ. ʬʹ ʨʸʰʹ ˅ʱʻʰʹ ʳʨʸʯʭʰʹ ʻ˂ʯʵʳʬʲʰ ˆʬʸˆʰ!
68) ʨʳʰʺʵʳʨ˂, ʵ ʳˆʨʸʪʸ˃ʬʲʵ, ʰʹ, ʭʰʴ˂ ʪʸ˃ʴʵʩʬʩʹ ʲʨʪʨʳʹ ʨʳʵʹʫʬʩʹ ʫʨ
ʹʨʪʨʴʯʨ ʪʨʭʲʬʴʰʹʨʪʨʴ ʳʵʮʾʻʫʨʭʹ ʯʨʭʹ, ʻʫʨʵʫ ʳʺʱʰ˂ʬ ʪʵʴʰʬʸʬʩʰʯ
ʨʸʰʹ ʾʰʸʹʽʳʴʰʲʰ.
ˀʰʴʨ-ʨʸʹʰ. ʪʸ˃ʴʵʩʨʯʨ ʫʨʳʵʸˁʰʲʬʩʨ ˀʬʹʨ˃ʲʵʨ ʳˆʵʲʵʫ ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ
˂ʴʵʩʰʬʸʬʩʰʯ, ʻʼʲʰʹ ʺʸʨʴʹ˂ʬʴʫʬʴʺʻʲ ʹʨʹʰʿʭʨʸʻʲʵ ʹʨʳʹʨˆʻʸˀʰ ʳʨʯʰ
ʪʨʳʵʿʬʴʬʩʰʯ. ʸʵʪʵʸ˂ ʳʺʸʰʹ ʫʨʳʨʸ˂ˆʬʩʨ ʰʵʲʰʨ ʫʰʫʰ ʹʨʵʳʨʸʰ ˃ʨʲʰʹ
ʪʨʳʵʿʬʴʬʩʰʯ, ʪʸ˃ʴʵʩʬʩʰʹ ʪʨʹʨˆʬʫʴʨʫʨ˂ ʨʸ ʱʳʨʸʨ ʨʫʨʳʰʨʴʻʸʰ ʳ˂ʫʬʲʵʩʨ;
ʳʨʸʺʵʵʫʬʴ ʻʼʲʰʹ ʹʨʳʹʨˆʻʸʰ ˁʨʨʿʬʴʬʩʹ ʳʨʯ ʯʭʰʴʰʬʸʬʩʰʹ ʱʨʲʨʶʵʺˀʰ.
ʭʰʹʨ˂ ʬʹʳʰʹ ʬʹ – ʸʵʳ ʪʵʴʬʩʰʹ ʪʨʴʳʺʱʰ˂ʬʩʨ ʳˆʵʲʵʫ ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ
˂ʴʵʩʰʬʸʬʩʰʯʨʨ ˀʬʹʨ˃ʲʬʩʬʲʰ ʫʨ ʸʵʳ ʨʳ ˆʬʲʵʭʴʬʩʰʹ ʫʨʻʼʲʬʩʨ
ʳˆʵʲʵʫ ˅ʬˀʳʨʸʰʺʰ ʹʻʲʰʬʸʰ ʳʵ˃ʾʭʸʰʹ ˄ʰʴʨʳ˃ʾʵʲʵʩʰʯ ˆʫʬʩʨ –
ʬ˄ʵʫʬʩʨ ʹʨʫˈʨʱʨ, ʨʴʻ “ʪʨʴʯʨʭʰʹʻʼʲʬʩʰʹ ʾʰʸʹʰ”.
69) ʰʹ, ʸʨ˂ ʾʨʳʬʨ ʿʵʭʬʲʰ ʨʸʹʬʩʰʹʨʯʭʰʹ, ʯʨʭʰʹʰ ʯʨʭʰʹ ˀʬʳ˂ʴʵʩʰʹʨʯʭʰʹ
ʹʰʼˆʰʮʲʰʹ ʷʨʳʰʨ. ʫʨ ʸʵ˂ʨ ʿʵʭʬʲʰ ʼˆʰʮʲʵʩʹ, ʿʵʭʲʰʹʪʨʳ˅ʭʸʬʺʰ
ʩʸ˃ʬʴʰʹʨʯʭʰʹ ʻʱʻʴʰ ʾʨʳʬ ʫʪʬʩʨ.
ˀʰʴʨ-ʨʸʹʰ. ʨʸʹʬʩʵʩʬʴ ʵʸʰ ʹʨˆʰʹ ʪʵʴʰʬʸʰ ʨʫʨʳʰʨʴʬʩʰ: ʬʸʯʴʰ ʯʨʭʰʨʴʯ
ʪʵʴʰʬʸʬʩʨʹ ʳʨʺʬʸʰʨʲʻʸ ʹʨʽʳʰʨʴʵʩʬʩʹ ʨˆʳʨʸʬʴ, ʳʬʵʸʬʴʰ ʱʰ, ʹʨʱʻʯʨʸ
ʯʨʭˀʰ ˁʨʾʸʳʨʭʬʩʻʲʴʰ ʫʨ ʼˆʰʮʬʲʰ ʪʵʴʬʩʰʹʨʴʰ, ʯʭʰʯʸʬʨʲʰʮʨ˂ʰʨʹ
ʬʳʹʨˆʻʸʬʩʰʨʴ. ʨʹʬʯʰ ʩʸ˃ʬʴʰʹ, ʨʴʻ ʳʵʨʮʸʵʭʴʰʹ ʹʨʽʳʰʨʴʵʩʨ ʾʨʳʬʫ ʬˁʭʬʴʬʩʨ
ʳʨʹ, ʭʰʴ˂ ʳʰ˄ʰʬʸ ˅ʨʵʩˀʰʨ ˁʨʼʲʻʲʰ. ʯʭʰʯʸʬʨʲʰʮʨ˂ʰʨʹ ʳʵʱʲʬʩʻʲ
ʻʳʬ˂ʨʸʯ ʨʹʬʯ ʾʨʳʬʹ ʩʻʴʬʩʸʰʭʰ ˃ʰʲʰʯ ʹ˃ʴʰʨʭʯ, ʩʸ˃ʬʴʰ ʼˆʰʮʲʵʩʹ ʫʨ
ʺʸʨʴʹ˂ʬʴʫʬʴʺʻʲ ʩʬʫʴʰʬʸʬʩʨʹ ʪʨʴʰ˂ʫʰʹ ʹʨʱʻʯʨʸʰ ʹʻʲʰʬʸʬʩʰʹ
ʯʨʴʫʨʯʨʴʵʩʰʯʰ ʨʳʨʾʲʬʩʰʯ. ʳʨʺʬʸʰʨʲʻʸʰ ʹʨʽʳʰʨʴʵʩʰʯ ʫʨʱʨʭʬʩʻʲʰ
ˆʨʲˆʰ ʱʰ ˆʭʸʰʴʨʭʹ ʫʨ ʮʳʨʴʬʩʨˀʰ˂ ʨʯʨʹʪʭʨʸʰ ˆʵʸ˂ʰʬʲʰ ʹʰʨʳʵʭʴʬʩʨ
ˈʪʭʸʰʹ ʴʬʺʨʸʬʩʰʹ ʷʸʻʨʴʺʬʲʹ, ʨʴ ʨʭʰʹʳʵʳʨʹ˄ʨʭʬʩʬʲʰ ʸʨʳ ʻʳʨʲ ʹ˂ʬʳʹ
ʯʨʭʮʨʸʹ. ʹʨʱʻʯʨʸʰ ʯʨʭʰʹ ˀʬʳ˂ʴʵʩʰ ʨʫʨʳʰʨʴʰ ʿʵʭʬʲʯʭʰʹ ʪʻʲʪʸʰʲʰʨ

57

Tavi meore – gitas mokle Sinaarsi

ˆʵʸ˂ʰʬʲʰ ʩʬʫʴʰʬʸʬʩʨ-ʻʩʬʫʻʸʬʩʰʹ ʳʰʳʨʸʯ. ʰʪʰ ʨʪʸ˃ʬʲʬʩʹ ʹʨʱʻʯʨʸʰ
ʯʨʭʰʹ ˀʬ˂ʴʵʩʨʹ ʫʨ ʨʸʨʼʸʨʫ ʻʾʰʸʹ ʳʨʺʬʸʰʨʲʻʸʰ ˀʬʫʬʪʬʩʰ.
70) ʹʻʸʭʰʲʬʩʰʹ ʪʨʴʻ˄ʿʭʬʺʬʲʰ ʴʨʱʨʫʰ ʰʹʬʭʬ ˀʬʬʸʯʭʰʹ ʱʨ˂ʰʹ ʪʻʲʹ,
ʸʵʪʵʸ˂ ʳʫʰʴʨʸʬʴʰ ˁʨʬʫʰʴʬʩʰʨʴ ˄ʿʨʲʻˆʭʹʨ ʫʨ ʳˀʭʰʫ ʵʱʬʨʴʬˀʰ; ʳˆʵʲʵʫ
ʰʹ ʨʾ˄ʬʭʹ ʳˀʭʰʫʵʩʨʹ, ʭʰʴ˂ ʨʸʨʫ ʨʪʫʬʩʹ ʹʻʸʭʰʲʯʨ ʩʵʩʵʽʨʸ ʳʵ˃ʨʲʬʩʨʹ
ʫʨ ʨʸʨ ʰʹ, ʭʰʴ˂ ʨʹʬʯ ʹʻʸʭʰʲʯʨ ʳʵʴʨ ʫʨ ʳʹʨˆʻʸʰ ˆʫʬʩʨ.
ˀʰʴʨ-ʨʸʹʰ. ʯʻʳ˂ʨ ʻʱʰʫʬʪʨʴʵ ʵʱʬʨʴʬ ʳʻʫʨʳ ʹʨʭʹʬʨ ˄ʿʲʰʯ, ʳʨʹˀʰ
ʪʨʳʻʫʳʬʩʰʯ ˁʨʬʫʰʴʬʩʨ ʳʫʰʴʨʸʬʴʰ, ʪʨʴʹʨʱʻʯʸʬʩʰʯ ˄ʭʰʳʰʹ ʹʬʮʵʴʰʹ
ʫʸʵʹ. ʬʳʨʺʬʩʨ ˄ʿʨʲʹ ˄ʿʨʲʰ, ʳʨʪʸʨʳ ʵʱʬʨʴʬ ʳʨʰʴ˂ ʨʸ˂ ˀʼʵʯʨʭʹ ʫʨ ʨʸ˂
ʱʨʲʨʶʵʺʰʫʨʴ ʪʨʫʳʵʫʰʹ. ʰʪʰʭʬ ʰʯʽʳʰʹ ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ ˂ʴʵʩʰʬʸʬʩʨˀʰ
ʪʨʴʳʺʱʰ˂ʬʩʻʲ ʨʫʨʳʰʨʴʬʩʮʬ˂. ʹʨʴʨʳ ʨʫʨʳʰʨʴʰ ʳʨʺʬʸʰʨʲʻʸ ʹˆʬʻʲˀʰʨ
ʪʨʳʵʳ˄ʿʭʫʬʻʲʰ, ʻʴʫʨ ʫʨʨʱʳʨʿʵʼʰʲʵʹ ʹˆʬʻʲʰʹ ʳʵʯˆʵʭʴʰʲʬʩʬʩʰ.
ʬʸʯʪʻʲʹ, ʹʨʭʹʬʹ ʻʼʲʰʹ ʳʨʫʲʰʯ, ʨʸ ʨ˄ʻˆʬʩʹ ʨʹʬʯʰ ʹʻʸʭʰʲʬʩʰ, ʳʨʹ
ʨʸʨʼʬʸʰ ʹ˅ʰʸʫʬʩʨ, ʭʰʴʨʰʫʨʴ ʻʼʨʲʰ ʳʰʹ ʿʵʭʬʲ ʳʵʯˆʭʵʴʰʲʬʩʨʹ
ʨʱʳʨʿʵʼʰʲʬʩʹ. ʬʸʯʪʻʲʰʹ ʪʻʲʰ ʵʱʬʨʴʬʹ ˈʪʨʭʹ – ʳʻʫʨʳ ʹʨʭʹʬʨ. ˀʬʰ˃ʲʬʩʨ
ʵʱʬʨʴʬˀʰ ˁʨʳʨʭʨʲ ʳʫʰʴʨʸʬʯʨ ʳʹʪʨʭʹʨʫ ʳʨʹ ʹʻʸʭʰʲʬʩʰʹ ʴʨʱʨʫʰ ʳʰʨ˄ʿʫʬʹ,
ʳʨʪʸʨʳ ʻʫʸʬʱʹʨ ʫʨ ʪʨ˄ʵʴʨʹ˄ʵʸʬʩʻʲʹ ʨʩʵʩʵʽʸʬʩʻʲʰ ʹʻʸʭʰʲʬʩʰ
ʵʫʴʨʭʨʫʨ˂ ʨʸ ʨˀʼʵʯʬʩʹ. ʨʹʬʯʰʨ ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ ˂ʴʵʩʰʬʸʬʩʨˀʰ ʳʿʵʼʰ ʨʫʨʳʰʨʴʰʹ
ʴʰˀʨʴʰ.
ʳʰ˄ʰʬʸʰ ʹʻʸʭʰʲʰ ʩʬʭʸʰʨ, ʳʨʪʸʨʳ ʬʸʯʪʻʲʰ, ʸʨʱʰ ʶʰʸʨʳʫʬ ʹʨʭʹʬʨ
ʻʼʲʰʹ ʺʸʨʴʹ˂ʬʴʫʬʴʺʻʲʰ ʹʨʹʰʿʭʨʸʻʲʵ ʹʨʳʹʨˆʻʸʰʯ, ʵʱʬʨʴʬʹʨʭʰʯ ʨʸ
ʪʨʫʳʵʫʰʹ ʴʨʶʰʸʬʩʰʫʨʴ ʫʨ ʹʨʸʱʬʹʨʭʰʯ ʻ˃ʸʨʭʰʨ ʳʰʹʰ ʮʬʫʨʶʰʸʰ. ʰʪʰ
ʨʻʳʾʭʸʬʭʬʲʰ ʹʰʳˀʭʰʫʰʯ ʺʱʩʬʩʨ, ʹˆʭʨʴʰ, ʭʰʹʨ˂ ʹʻʸʭʰʲʬʩʰʹ ʨʹʸʻʲʬʩʨ
ʨˀʼʵʯʬʩʯ, ʳʨʯ ˀʵʸʰʹ ʪʨʴʯʨʭʰʹʻʼʲʬʩʨ˂ ʱʰ, ʭʬʸʨʹʵʫʬʹ ʨʾ˄ʬʭʬʴ
ʳˀʭʰʫʵʩʨʹ, ʸʵʳ ʨʸʨʼʬʸʰ ʭʯʽʭʨʯ ʳʨʯʮʬ, ʭʰʹʨ˂ ʳʰ˄ʰʬʸʰ, ʨʳʨʵ ˄ʨʸʳʨʺʬʩʨ
ʪʨʻˆʫʰʨʯ ʳʰʮʴʨʫ. ʹʨʱʻʯʨʸʰ ʹʰʨʳʵʭʴʬʩʰʹʨʯʭʰʹ ʳˀʸʵʳʬʲʬʩʰ,
ʪʨʯʨʭʰʹʻʼʲʬʩʰʹ ʳʵʹʻʸʴʬʬʩʰ ʫʨ ʰʵʪʬʩʰ, ʸʵʳʲʬʩʰ˂ ʳʰʹʺʰʱʻʸ ˃ʨʲʬʩʹ
ʬʲʺʭʰʨʴ, ʯʨʭʰʨʴʯʰ ʨʻʹʸʻʲʬʩʬʲʰ ʹʻʸʭʰʲʬʩʰʹ ʪʨʳʵ ʱʭʲʨʭ
ʻʩʬʫʻʸʬʩʨʫ ʸˁʬʩʰʨʴ. ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ ˂ʴʵʩʰʬʸʬʩʨˀʰ ʳʿʵʼʰ ʶʰʸʵʭʴʬʩʨ ʴʬʺʨʸʬʩʹ
ʻʼʲʰʹ ʳʹʨˆʻʸʬʩʰʯ ʫʨ ʨʸʨʭʰʯʨʸʰ ʹʻʸʭʰʲʰʹ ʨʹʸʻʲʬʩʨ ʨʾʨʸ ʻʳʾʭʸʬʭʹ
ʪʵʴʬʩʨʹ. ʹʰʴʨʳʫʭʰʲʬˀʰ, ʰʹ ʬʪʸʬʯ˄ʵʫʬʩʻʲʰ ʳʨʺʬʸʰʨʲʻʸʰ
ʺʿʭʬʵʩʰʫʨʴ ʪʨʴʯʨʭʰʹʻʼʲʬʩʰʹʱʬʴʨ˂ ʱʰ ʨʾʨʸ ʰʹ˄ʸʨʼʭʰʹ, ʳʨʺʬʸʰʨʲʻʸʰ
ʹʻʸʭʰʲʬʩʰ ʨʸ ʪʨʨˁʴʰʨ, ʨʳʰʺʵʳ ʹʸʻʲʰ ʳˀʭʰʫʵʩʨ ʨʽʭʯ ʫʨʳʱʭʰʫʸʬʩʻʲʰ.
71) ʳˆʵʲʵʫ ʰʹ, ʭʰʴ˂ ʮʻʸʪʰ ʨʽ˂ʰʨ ʪʸ˃ʴʵʩʨʯʨ ʨʾʹʸʻʲʬʩʰʹ ˄ʨʫʰʲʹ, ʭʰʴ˂
ʯʨʭʰʹʻʼʨʲʰʨ ʹʻʸʭʰʲʬʩʰʹʨʪʨʴ, ʭʰʴ˂ ʨʸ ʬʹ˄ʸʨʼʭʰʹ ʸʨʰʳʬ ʹʨʱʻʯʸʬʩʨʹ ʫʨ
ʭʰʴ˂ ʳʵʱʲʬʩʻʲʰʨ ˂ʸʻ ʳʬʵʩʨʹ, ʨʾ˄ʬʭʹ ˅ʬˀʳʨʸʰʺ ʹʰʳˀʭʰʫʬʹ.

58

Tavi meore – gitas mokle Sinaarsi

ˀʰʴʨ-ʨʸʹʰ. ʹʻʸʭʰʲʰ ʰʳʰʹʨ, ʸʵʳ ʪʨˆʫʬ ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ ˂ʴʵʩʰʬʸʰ, ʹʰʴʨʳʫʭʰʲʬˀʰ
ʹʻʸʭʰʲʯʨ ʻʽʵʴʲʵʩʨʨ. ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ ˂ʴʵʩʰʬʸʬʩʰʹ ʹʸʻʲʿʵʼʰʲʰ ʹʺʨʫʰʨ
ʴʰˀʴʨʭʹ, ˀʬʰ˂ʴʵ ʹʨʱʻʯʨʸʰ ˅ʬˀʳʨʸʰʺʰ ʳʬʵʩʨ, ʸʵʪʵʸ˂ ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ
ʳʨʸʨʫʰʻʲʰ ʳʹʨˆʻʸʰʹʨ, ʸʵʫʬʹʨ˂ ˀʬʻʳ˂ʫʨʸʨʫ ʳʰˆʭʫʬʩʰʯ, ʸʵʳ
ʹʨʱʻʯʨʸʰ ʯʨʭʰʹ ʪʨʰʪʰʭʬʩʨ ˀʬʴʹʨʭʬ ʳʨʺʬʸʰʨʲʻʸ ʹˆʬʻʲʯʨʴ ʨʸ ˀʬʰ˃ʲʬʩʨ,
ʸʵ˂ʨ ʨʸ ʪʨʴʨ˂ˆʨʫʬʩ ʨʳʽʭʬʿʴʨʫ ʸʨʰʳʬʮʬ ʹʨʱʻʯʸʬʩʰʹ ʻʼʲʬʩʨʹ. ʭʰʴ˂ ʨʳ
ʹʸʻʲʿʵʼʰʲ ʹʨʼʬˆʻʸʮʬ ʫʪʨʹ, ʬʹʳʰʹ, ʸʵʳ ʿʭʬʲʨʼʬʸʰ ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ
ʱʻʯʭʴʰʲʰʨ ʫʨ ʰʪʰ ʳʰʹʰʭʬ ʹʰʨʳʵʭʴʬʩʰʹʯʭʰʹ ʻʴʫʨ ʪʨʳʵʭʰʿʬʴʵʯ.
ʨʸˇʻʴʨʹ ʨʸ ʹʻʸʫʨ ʩʸ˃ʵʲʨ, ʳʨʪʸʨʳ ʸʵʫʬʹʨ˂ ʩʵʲʵʳʫʬ ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ
˂ʴʵʩʰʬʸʰ ʪʨˆʫʨ, ʩʸ˃ʵʲʨʫ ˀʬʰʳʨʸʯʨ, ʭʰʴʨʰʫʨʴ ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ ʨʹʬ ʬ˄ʨʫʨ.
ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ ʹʨʨʳʬʩʲʨʫ ʨʸˇʻʴʨʳ ʹʨʹʰʱʭʫʰʲʵʫ ʯʨʭʰ ʪʨʫʨʫʵ ʩʸ˃ʵʲʨˀʰ.
ʨʸʹʬʩʨ ʭʬʸ ʰ˂ʵ˂ˆʲʬʩʹ ʪʸ˃ʴʵʩʬʩʰʹʨ ʫʨ ʹʻʸʭʰʲʬʩʰʹ ʪʨʸʬˀʬ. ʳʨʯʰ
ˆʬʲʵʭʴʻʸʨʫ ˁʨʱʭʲʨ ʨʸ ˀʬʰ˃ʲʬʩʨ – ʹʻʸʭʰʲʯʨ ʯʭʰʹʵʩʸʰʵʩʨ ʻʴʫʨ
ˀʬʰ˂ʭʨʲʵʹ. ʳʰ˄ʰʬʸ ʹʻʸʭʰʲʯʨʪʨʴ ʫʨ˂ʲʰʲʰ ʶʰʸʵʭʴʬʩʨ ʳʺʱʰ˂ʬʫʨʨ
ʫʨʸ˄ʳʻʴʬʩʻʲʰ, ʸʵʳ ʿʭʬʲʨʼʬʸʰ ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ ʬʱʻʯʭʴʰʹ. (ʰʨˀʨʭʨʹʰʨʳ ʰʫʨʳ
ʹʨʸʭʨʳ), ʨʳʰʺʵʳ ʨʸ ʰʺʿʻʬʩʹ ʯʨʭʹ ʫʨ ʸʨʰʳʬʹ ʫʨʹʨʱʻʯʸʬʩʨʹ ʨʸ ˂ʫʰʲʵʩʹ.
ʬʹ ʺʸʨʴʹ˂ʬʴʫʬʴʺʻʲʰ ˂ʵʫʴʨ ʫʨʳʿʨʸʬʩʻʲʰʨ ʯʭʰʯˀʬʳʬ˂ʴʬʩʨʮʬ, ʱʬʸ˃ʵʫ
ʰʳʰʹ ʹʸʻʲʿʵʼʰʲ ˂ʵʫʴʨʮʬ, ʸʵʳ ʿʵʭʬʲʰ ˂ʵ˂ˆʨʲʰ ʨʸʹʬʩʨ ʯʨʭʰʹʰ
ʹʻʲʰʬʸʰ ʨʸʹʰʯ ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ ʳʨʸʨʫʰʻʲʰ ʪʨʴʻʿʵʼʬʲʰ ʴʨ˄ʰʲʨʱʰʨ, ʸʰʹ ʪʨʳʵ˂
ʯʨʭʰʹ ʳʨʸʨʫʰʻʲ ʳʿʵʼʵʩʨˀʰ ʭʬʸʨʹʵʫʬʹ ʪʨʻʺʵʲʫʬʩʨ ʨʴ ʨʹ˂ʫʬʩʨ
ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ ʹʰʳʨʾʲʬʹ. ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ ˂ʴʵʩʰʬʸʬʩʰʹ ʨʹʬʯʰ ʪʨʪʬʩʨ ˅ʬˀʳʨʸʰʺʰ
ʳˀʭʰʫʵʩʰʹ ʳʰʾ˄ʬʭʰʹ ˃ʰʸʰʯʨʫʰ ʶʸʰʴ˂ʰʶʰʨ.
72) ʨʹʬʯʰʨ ʹʻʲʰʬʸʬʩʰʹ ʹʨʾʳʸʯʵ ʹʨʳʿʵʼʬʲʰ, ʸʵʳʲʰʹ ʳʰʾ˄ʬʭʰʹ
ˀʬʳʫʬʪʨ˂ ʨʫʨʳʰʨʴʰ ʹʰʳʨʸʯʲʰʹ ʻ˂ʫʵʳʬʩʰ ʳʹʨˆʻʸʰ ˆʫʬʩʨ. ʯʻʱʰ
ʶʰʸʵʭʴʬʩʨ ʨʳ ʴʰʸʭʨʴʨʳʫʬ ʹʰʱʭʫʰʲʹ ʳʰʺʨʴʬʩʻʲʰ ʳʨʰʴ˂ ʳʰʭʨ, ʾʭʯʰʹ
ʹʨʹʻʼʬʭʬʲˀʰ ʫʨʰʫʬʩʹ ʩʰʴʨʹ.
ˀʰʴʨ-ʨʸʹʰ. ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ ˂ʴʵʩʰʬʸʬʩʰʹ, ʨʴʻ ʹʨʾʳʸʯʵ ˂ˆʵʭʸʬʩʰʹ ʳʰʾ˄ʬʭʨ
ˀʬʰ˃ʲʬʩʨ ˆʨʴ ʻʳʨʲ, ˄ʨʳʰʬʸʨʫ, ˆʨʴ ʱʰ ʨʳʰʹʨʯʭʰʹ ʳʰʲʰʵʴʵʩʰʯ ʫʨʩʨʫʬʩʨ˂
ʨʸ ʱʳʨʸʨ. ʽˈʨʺʭʨʴʪʨ ʳʨˈʨʸʨˇʨʳ ʨʳ ʹʻʲʰʬʸ ʪʨʳʵˀʻʽʬʩʨʹ ʹʰʱʭʫʰʲʰʹ ˄ʰʴ
ʸʨʳʫʬʴʰʳʬ ˄ʻʯʰʯ ʨʫʸʬ ʳʰʨʾ˄ʰʨ, ʸʨʱʰ ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ ʳʰʬʴʫʵ. ʴʰʸʭʨʴʨ ʴʰˀʴʨʭʹ
ʳʨʺʬʸʰʨʲʻʸʰ ˂ˆʵʭʸʬʩʰʹ ʫʨʹʸʻʲʬʩʨʹ. ʩʻʫʰʹʺʻʸʰ ʼʰʲʵʹʵʼʰʰʹ
ʯʨʴʨˆʳʨʫ, ʨʳ ʳʨʺʬʸʰʨʲʻʸʰ ʿʵʼʰʹ ʫʨʹʸʻʲʬʩʰʹ ˀʬʳʫʬʪ ʸˁʬʩʨ ʳˆʵʲʵʫ
ʹʰ˂ʨʸʰʬʲʬ. “ʩˈʨʪʨʭʨʫ-ʪʰʺʨ” ʹʻʲ ʹˆʭʨʹ ʪʭʨʹ˄ʨʭʲʰʹ – ˅ʬˀʳʨʸʰʺʰ
˂ˆʵʭʸʬʩʨ ʨˆʲʨʴʫʬʲʰ ʳʨʺʬʸʰʨʲʻʸʰ ʹʰ˂ʵ˂ˆʲʰʹ ʫʨʹʸʻʲʬʩʰʹ ˀʬʳʫʬʪ
ʰ˄ʿʬʩʨ. ʻˆʬˀʨʫ ʳʵʨʮʸʵʭʴʬ ʳʨʺʬʸʰʨʲʰʹʺʬʩʹ ʨʱʳʨʿʵʼʰʲʬʩʯ ʰʳʰʹ ˂ʵʫʴʨ,
ʸʵʳ ʳʰ˄ʰʬʸʰ ˂ˆʵʭʸʬʩʨ ʫʨʹʸʻʲʬʩʨʫʰʨ. ʳʨʪʸʨʳ ʹʻʲʰʬʸʨʫ
ʨʳʨʾʲʬʩʻʲʯʨ ʸ˄ʳʬʴʰʯ ʹʰ˂ʵ˂ˆʲʬ ʮʾʭʨʸʫʨʻʫʬʩʬʲʰʨ, ʳʨʹ ʫʨʹʨʹʸʻʲʰ

59

Tavi meore – gitas mokle Sinaarsi

ʨʸʨ ʨʽʭʹ. ʯʻʱʰ ʶʰʸʵʭʴʬʩʨ ʰʳʫʬʴʨʫ ʰʾʩʲʰʨʴʰʨ, ʸʵʳ ʨʳ ˂ˆʵʭʸʬʩʰʹ
ʫʨʹʨʹʸʻʲʨʳʫʬ ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ ˂ʴʵʩʰʬʸʰ ʪʨˆʫʬʩʨ, ʻʳʨʲʭʬ ʳʰʨʾ˄ʬʭʹ ʩʸʨˈʳʨʴʰʸʭʨʴʨʹ ʹʺʨʫʰʨʹ. ʨʸʨ ˃ʬʭʹ ʳʰˇʴʨ ʻʼʲʰʹ ʹʨʹʻʼʬʭʬʲʹʨ ʫʨ ʻʼʲʰʹ
ʬʸʯʪʻʲ ʳʹʨˆʻʸʬʩʨʹ ˀʵʸʰʹ. ʸʨʱʰ ʵʸʰʭʬ ʻʼʲʰʹ ˀʬ˂ʴʵʩʰʹ ʨʩʹʵʲʻʺʻʸʰ
ʹʨʼʬˆʻʸʬʩʰʨ, ʻʮʬʴʨʬʹʰʹ ʺʸʨʴʹ˂ʬʴʫʬʴʺʻʲʰ ʹʨʹʰʿʭʨʸʻʲʵ ʳʹʨˆʻʸʬʩʨ
ʰʪʰʭʬʨ, ʸʨ˂ ʹʻʲʰʬʸʰ ʹʨʹʻʼʬʭʲʰʹ ʳʰʾ˄ʬʭʨ. ʳʰ˄ʰʬʸ ʹʨʳʿʨʸʵˀʰ ʹʸʻʲʫʬʩʨ
ʪʸ˃ʴʵʩʨʯʨ ʫʨʱʳʨʿʵʼʰʲʬʩʰʹ ʹʨʽʳʰʨʴʵʩʨ, ʳʨˀʰʴ ʸʵʫʬʹʨ˂ ʹʻʲʰʬʸ
ʹʨʳʿʨʸʵˀʰ ʹʨʽʳʰʨʴʵʩʨ ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ ˂ʴʵʩʰʬʸʬʩʨˀʰ ʳʰʳʫʰʴʨʸʬʵʩʹ. ʨʳʨʭʬ
˂ˆʵʭʸʬʩʨˀʰ ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ ˂ʴʵʩʰʬʸʬʩʰʹ ʳʰʾ˄ʬʭʨ ʻʳʨʲʭʬ ʩʸʨˈʳʨʴʰʹ ʳʰʾ˄ʬʭʨʹ
ʴʰˀʴʨʭʹ. ʰʹ ʱʰ, ʭʰʴ˂ ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ ˂ʴʵʩʰʬʸʬʩʨˀʰ ʰʳʿʵʼʬʩʨ, ʻʱʭʬ ʻʯʻʵʫ
ʾʳʬʸʯʰʹ ʹʨʹʻʼʬʭʬʲˀʰʨ ˀʬʹʻʲʰ.
ʩʸʨˈʳʨʴʰ ʳʨʺʬʸʰʰʹ ʹʨ˄ʰʴʨʨʾʳʫʬʪʵ ˂ʴʬʩʨʨ. ʨʳʰʺʵʳ ʩʸʨˈʳʰ ʹʯˈʰʺʰ
ʴʰˀʴʨʭʹ “ʨʸʨ ʳʨʺʬʸʰʨʲʻʸʰ ʳʵʾʭʨ˄ʬʵʩʰʹ ʫʵʴʬʮʬ ʳʿʵʼʹ”. “ʩˈʨʪʨʭʨʫʪʰʺʨˀʰ” ʨʾʰʨʸʬʩʻʲʰʨ, ʸʵʳ ʻʼʲʰʹ ʬʸʯʪʻʲʰ ʹʨʳʹʨˆʻʸʰ
ʪʨʴʯʨʭʰʹʻʼʲʬʩʰʹ ʹʨʼʬˆʻʸʹ ˄ʨʸʳʵʨʫʪʬʴʹ. ʨʳʰʺʵʳ ʩʸʨˈʳʰ ʹʯˈʰʺʰ
ʳʨʺʬʸʰʨʲʻʸʰ ʺʿʭʬʵʩʰʫʨʴ ʪʨʴʯʨʭʰʹʻʼʲʬʩʨʹ ʴʰˀʴʨʭʹ.
ˀʸʰʲʨ ʩˈʨʱʺʰʭʰʴʵʫʨ ʯˈʨʱʻʸʨʳ “ʩˈʨʪʨʭʨʫ-ʪʰʺʨʹ” ʳʬʵʸʬ ʯʨʭʹ ʳʯʬʲʰ
ʺʬʽʹʺʰʹ ʳʵʱʲʬ ˀʰʴʨʨʸʹʰ ʻ˄ʵʫʨ. “ʩˈʨʪʨʭʨʫ-ʪʰʺʨˀʰ” ʪʨʴˆʰʲʻʲʰʨ ʱʨʸʳʨʰʵʪʨ, ˇʴʨʴʨ-ʰʵʪʨ ʫʨ ʩˈʨʽʺʰ-ʰʵʪʨ. ʭʰʴʨʰʫʨʴ ʳʬʵʸʬ ʯʨʭʰ ʳʯʬʲʰ ʺʬʽʹʺʰʹ
ˀʰʴʨʨʸʹʹ ˄ʨʸʳʵʨʫʪʬʴʹ, ʳʨʹˀʰ ʪʨʸʱʭʬʭʰʯʨʨ ʪʨʴʳʨʸʺʬʩʻʲʰ ʱʨʸʳʨ-ʰʵʪʨ,
ˇʴʨʴʨ-ʰʵʪʨ ʫʨ ʲʨʶʨʸʨʱʰʨ ʩˈʨʱʺʰ-ʰʵʪʨʮʬ˂.

60

ʯʨʭʰ ʳʬʹʨʳʬ
ʱʨʸʳʨ-ʰʵʪʨ
ʲʬʽʹʰ 1
ʨʸˇʻʴʨʳ ʯʽʭʨ: ʵ, ˇʨʴʨʸʫʨʴʨ, ʵ, ʱʬˀʨʭʨ, ʸʨʫ ʳʵʳʰ˄ʵʫʬʩ, ʨʳ
ʹʨˀʰʴʬʲ ʵʳˀʰ ˁʨʭʬʩʨ, ʯʻʱʰ ʯʭʲʰ, ʸʵʳ ʹʰʩʸ˃ʴʰʯ ʪʨʴʹˇʨ ʹˇʵʩʹ
ʱʨʸʳʻʲ ʳʵʾʭʨ˄ʬʵʩʨʹ?
ˀʰʴʨ-ʨʸʹʰ: ˄ʰʴʨ ʯʨʭˀʰ ʭʴʨˆʬʯ, ʯʻ ʻʮʬʴʨʬʹʳʨ ʾʳʸʯʨʬʩʸʰʭʳʨ
ʶʰʸʵʭʴʬʩʨʳ, ˀʸʰ ʱʸʰˀʴʨʳ, ʸʨʯʨ ʯʨʭʰʹʰ ʨˆʲʵ ʳʬʪʵʩʨʸʰ, ʨʸˇʻʴʨ
ʳ˄ʻˆʨʸʬʩʰʹ ʵʱʬʨʴʰʫʨʴ ʪʨʳʵʬʿʭʨʴʨ, ʫʨ˄ʭʸʰʲʬʩʰʯ ʫʨʻˆʨʹʰʨʯʨ
ʹʻʲʰʹ ʨʸʹʰ ʫʨ ʨʪʬʩʻʲʬʩʨ, ʻˁʭʬʴʨ ʹʸʻʲʿʵʼʰʹ ʪʮʨ˂: ʩʻʫʫˈʰʰʵʪʨ, ʨʴʻ ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ ˂ʴʵʩʰʬʸʬʩʨ. ʨʫʨʳʰʨʴʬʩʰ ˂ʫʬʩʰʨʴ, ʸʵ˂ʨ
ˈʪʵʴʰʨʯ, ʸʵʳ ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ ˂ʴʵʩʰʬʸʬʩʨ ʻʳʵʽʳʬʫʵʩʨˀʰ ʪʨʳʵʰˆʨʺʬʩʨ;
ˆˀʰʸʨʫ ʨʹʬʯʰ ʳ˂ʫʨʸʰ ˄ʨʸʳʵʫʪʬʴʰʹ ʳʽʵʴʬʴʰ ʪʨʴʳʨʸʺʵʬʩʻʲ
ʨʫʪʰʲʨʹ ʳʰʫʰʨʴ, ʸʨʯʨ ʻʼʲʰʹ ˄ʳʰʴʫʨ ʹʨˆʬʲʰʹ ʪʨʲʵʩʰʯ
ʹʸʻʲʿʵʼʨʹ ʳʰʨʾ˄ʰʵʴ. ʳʨʪʸʨʳ ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ ˂ʴʵʩʰʬʸʬʩʰʹ
ʼʰʲʵʹʵʼʰʰʹ ˀʬʻ˂ʴʵʩʲʨʫ ʫʨ ʪʨʻ˄ʭʸʯʴʬʲʨʫ ʨʸ ʨʸʰʹ
ʫʨˀʭʬʩʻʲʰ ʻʫʨʩʻʸ ʨʫʪʰʲʨʹ ʻʼʲʰʹ ˄ʳʰʴʫʨ ʹʨˆʬʲʰʹ ʪʨʲʵʩʨ;
ʨʹʬʯ ʸʨʳʬʹ ʪʻʲʻʩʸʿʭʰʲʵ ʨʫʨʳʰʨʴʯʨ ʯʨʭʿʸʰʲʵʩʰʹ
ʰʨʼʼʨʹʰʨʴʰ ʯʨʿʭʨʴʰʹ˂ʬʳʨ ʯʻ ʳʵˈʿʭʬʩʨ.
ʨʸˇʻʴʨ˂ ʼʰʽʸʵʩʫʨ, ʸʵʳ ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ ˂ʴʵʩʰʬʸʬʩʨ, ʩʻʫʫˈʰ-ʰʵʪʨ –
ʫʪʵʳʨ ʹʻʲʰʬʸʰ ˂ʵʫʴʰʹ ʪʨʴʭʰʯʨʸʬʩʰʹ ʪʮʨʮʬ, ʨʽʺʰʻʸʰ
˂ˆʵʭʸʬʩʰʹʨʪʨʴ ʪʨʴʸʰʫʬʩʨʹʨ ʫʨ ʪʨʴʳʨʸʺʵʬʩʻʲ ʨʫʪʰʲʨʹ
ʬʶʰʯʰʳʰʬʩʰʹʨ ʫʨ ʨʹʱʬʮʬʩʰʹ ˀʬʹʸʻʲʬʩʨʹ ʴʰˀʴʨʭʹ. ʹˆʭʨʪʭʨʸʨʫ
ʸʵʳ ʭʯʽʭʨʯ, ʳʨʹ ʹʻʸʫʨ ʳʵˆʬʸˆʬʩʻʲʨʫ ʨʸʰʫʬʩʵʫʨ ʩʸ˃ʵʲʨʹ
ʫʨ ʯʨʭʰʹʰ ʹʨʽ˂ʰʬʲʰʹ ʪʨʹʨʳʨʸʯʲʬʩʲʨʫ ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ ˂ʴʵʩʰʬʸʬʩʨ
ʪʨʳʵʬʿʬʴʬʩʰʴʨ. ʳʨʪʸʨʳ ʸʵʪʵʸ˂ ʪʻʲ˄ʸʼʬʲʳʨ ʳʵ˄ʨʼʬʳ, ʯʨʭʰʹʰ
ʪʨʴʮʸʨˆʭʨ ʹʻʲʰʬʸ ʳʵ˃ʾʭʨʸʹ ʪʨʻʳˆʰʲʨ ʫʨ ʹʯˆʵʭʨ, ʨʬˆʹʴʨ
ʳʵʽʳʬʫʬʩʰʹ ʸʵʳʬʲʰ ʪʮʨ ʰʽʴʬʩʵʫʨ ʳʰʹʯʭʰʹ ʹʨʻʱʬʯʬʹʵ.
ʶʨʹʻˆʨʫ ʻʼʨʲʳʨ ʱʸʰˀʴʨʳ ʳʬʹʨʳʬ ʯʨʭˀʰ ʫʨ˄ʭʸʰʲʬʩʰʯ
ʪʨʴʻʳʨʸʺʨ ʱʨʸʳʨ-ʰʵʪʨ, ʨʴʻ ʳʵʾʭʨ˄ʬʵʩʨ ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ ˂ʴʵʩʰʬʸʬʩʨˀʰ.
ʲʬʽʹʰ 2
1

Tavi mesame – karma-ioga

ˀʬʴʰ ʵʸʨʮʸʵʭʨʴʰ ʫʨʸʰʪʬʩʬʩʰ ʪʵʴʬʩʨʹ ʳʰʸʬʭʹ ʫʨ ʹʨʪʵʴʬʩʬʲˀʰ
ʳʨʪʫʬʩʹ. ʪʯˆʵʭ, ʪʨʹʨʪʬʩʨʫ ʨʳʰˆʹʴʨ, ʸʵʳʬʲʰ ʪʮʨ ʰʽʴʬʩʨ ʿʭʬʲʨʮʬ
ʱʨʸʪʰ ˅ʬˀʳʨʸʰʺʰ ʹʰʱʬʯʰʹ ʳʵʹʨʶʵʬʩʲʨʫ.
ˀʰʴʨ-ʨʸʹʰ: ˄ʰʴʨ ʯʨʭˀʰ, ʸʵʪʵʸ˂ “ʩˈʨʪʨʭʨʫ-ʪʰʺʨʹ” ˀʬʹʨʭʨʲˀʰ˂,
ʪʨʴʳʨʸʺʬʩʻʲʰ ʰʿʵ ˅ʬˀʳʨʸʰʺʬʩʨʹʯʨʴ ʳʰʹʭʲʰʹ ʹˆʭʨʫʨʹˆʭʨ ʪʮʨ:
ʹʨʴʽˈʰʨ-ʰʵʪʨ, ʩʻʫˈʰ-ʰʵʪʨ, ʪʵʴʬʩʰʯ ʪʸ˃ʴʵʩʨʯʨ ʳʨʸʯʭʨ,
ʯʭʰʯʫʨʱʳʨʿʵʼʰʲʬʩʰʹ ʹʻʸʭʰʲʰʹ ʪʨʸʬˀʬ ˀʸʵʳʨ ʫʨ ʫʨʳ˄ʿʬʩʰ
ʬʸʯʪʻʲʰʹʨʯʭʰʹ ʫʨ˄ʬʹʬʩʻʲʰ ʹʨʽʳʰʨʴʵʩʨ. ʿʵʭʬʲʰʭʬ ʨʳʰʹ
ʪʨʹʨʪʬʩʨʫ ʫʨ ʳʰʹ ʹʨʼʻ˃ʭʬʲʮʬ ʳʵʽʳʬʫʬʩʰʹʨʯʭʰʹ ʹʨ˅ʰʸʵ ʰʿʵ
ʳʵ˄ʬʹʸʰʪʬʩʻʲʰ ʹʰʹʺʬʳʰʹ ˁʨʳʵʿʨʲʰʩʬʩʨ. ʨʸˇʻʴʨʹʨ˂ ʹ˄ʵʸʬʫ ʨʳ
ʨˀʱʨʸʨʫ ʸʯʻʲʰ, ˁʭʬʻʲʬʩʸʰʭʰ ʪʵʴʬʩʰʹʨʯʭʰʹ ʫʨʳʨʩʴʬʭʬʲʰ
ʹʨʱʰʯˆʬʩʰʹ ʪʨʸʱʭʬʭʨ ʹʻʸʫʨ, ʸʨʯʨ ʴʬʩʰʹʳʰʬʸ ʨʫʨʳʰʨʴʹ
ˀʬʹ˃ʲʬʩʵʫʨ ʳʨʯʰ ʪʨʪʬʩʨ ʫʨ ʳ˂ʫʨʸʰ ˀʬˆʬʫʻʲʬʩʬʩʰʹ ˀʬʽʳʴʰʹ
ʹʨˀʰˀʸʵʬʩʨ ʯʨʭʰʫʨʴ ʨʬ˂ʰʲʬʩʰʴʨ. ʱʸʰˀʴʨ ˆʵʳ ʨʸ˂ ʫʨʻˀʭʬʩʫʨ
ʹʰʺʿʭʨʯʨ ʯʨʳʨˀʰʯ ʨʸˇʻʴʨ ʫʨʬʩʴʰʨ, ʳʨʹ ʳˆʵʲʵʫ ʹʻʸʫʨ ʯʨʭʰʹʰ
ʳʵ˄ʨʼʰʹ ʪʵʴʬʩʰʹ ʪʨʳʵʼˆʰʮʲʬʩʨ, ʴʨʯʽʭʨʳʮʬ ʫʨʱʭʰʸʭʬʩʰʹ
ʹʻʸʭʰʲʰʹʨ ʫʨ ʪʨʪʬʩʰʹ ʰʴʺʬʸʬʹʰʹ ʨʾ˃ʭʸʨ. ʨʳʰʹ ˀʬʳʫʪʵʳ ʨʸˇʻʴʨ
ʯʨʭʰʹʰ ʱʰʯˆʭʬʩʰʯ ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ ˂ʴʵʩʰʬʸʬʩʰʹ ˀʬ˂ʴʵʩʰʹ ʪʮʨʮʬ
ʪʵʴʬʩʨʹ ʪʨʻʴʨʯʬʩʫʨ ʿʭʬʲʨ ʳʵ˄ʨʼʬʹ, ʸʵʳʬʲʹʨ˂ ʳʯʬʲʰ
ʳʵ˄ʨʫʰʴʬʩʰʯ ʹʻʸʫʨ “ʩˈʨʪʨʭʨʫ-ʪʰʺʨʹ” ʹʨʰʫʻʳʲʵʹ
ʮʰʨʸʬʩʵʫʨ.
ʲʬʽʹʰ 3
ʻʮʬʴʨʬʹʳʨ ʾʳʸʯʨʬʩʸʰʭʳʨ ʶʰʸʵʭʴʬʩʨʳ ʻʶʨʹʻˆʨ: ʵ, ʻ˂ʵʫʭʬʲʵ
ʨʸˇʻʴʨ, ʳʬ ʮʬʳʵʯ ʻʱʭʬ ʨʪʰˆʹʬʴʰ, ʸʵʳ ʨʸʹʬʩʵʩʬʴ ʵʸʰ ʹʨˆʰʹ
ʨʫʨʳʰʨʴʬʩʰ: ʬʸʯʴʰ ʹʨʱʻʯʨʸʰ ʳʬʵʩʰʹ ˀʬ˂ʴʵʩʨʹ ʪʵʴʬʩʰʹ
˄ʿʨʲʵʩʰʯ ˂ʫʰʲʵʩʬʴ, ʼʰʲʵʹʵʼʰʻʸ ʴʨʨʮʸʬʭʹ ʬʿʸʫʴʵʩʰʨʴ,
ʳʬʵʸʬʴʰ – ʬʸʯʪʻʲʰ ʹʨʳʹʨˆʻʸʰʯ ʬʹ˄ʸʨʼʭʰʨʴ ˁʨʹ˄ʭʫʴʬʴ
ʹʨʱʻʯʨʸ ʯʨʭʹ.
ˀʰʴʨ-ʨʸʹʰ: ʳʬʵʸʬ ʯʨʭʰʹ 39-ʬ ʲʬʽʹˀʰ ʻʼʨʲʳʨ ʪʨʴʳʨʸʺʨ
ʹʸʻʲʽʳʴʰʹ ʵʸʰ ʪʮʨ:

2

Tavi mesame – karma-ioga

ʹʨʴʽˈʰʨ-ʰʵʪʨ ʫʨ ʱʨʸʳʨ-ʰʵʪʨ (ʨʴʻ ʩʻʫˈʰ-ʰʵʪʨ). ʨʳ ʲʬʽʹˀʰ ʻʼʨʲʰ
ʻʼʸʵ ʴʨʯʲʨʫ ʪʭʰˆʹʴʰʹ ʰʳʨʭʬ ʹʨʱʰʯˆʹ.
ʹʨʴʽˈʰʨ-ʰʵʪʨ, ʨʴʻ ʹʻʲʰʹʨ ʫʨ ʳʨʺʬʸʰʰʹ ʩʻʴʬʩʰʹ ʨʴʨʲʰʺʰʱʻʸʰ
ʪʮʰʯ ˀʬ˂ʴʵʩʨʹ ʰʹʰʴʰ ˂ʫʰʲʵʩʬʴ, ʭʰʴ˂ ʳʹˇʬʲʵʩʰʯ, ˂ʫʬʩʮʬ
ʫʨʳʿʨʸʬʩʻʲʰ ˂ʵʫʴʰʯʨ ʫʨ ʼʰʲʵʹʵʼʰʻʸʰ ʪʨʴʹˇʰʯ ʹ˄ʨʭʲʵʩʹ
ʳʵʭʲʬʴʬʩʹ. ʹˆʭʬʩʰ, ʸʵʪʵʸ˂ ʬʹ ʳʬʵʸʬ ʯʨʭʰʹ 61-ʬ ʲʬʽʹˀʰʨ
ʪʨʴʳʨʸʺʬʩʻʲʰ, ʿʵʭʬʲʰʭʬ ʨʳʨʹ ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ ˂ʴʵʩʰʬʸʬʩʰʯ
ʨʾ˅ʻʸʭʰʲʴʰ ˀʸʵʳʰʹ ˄ʿʨʲʵʩʰʯ ʨʾ˄ʬʭʬʴ. ʻʼʲʰʹ ʪʨʴʳʨʸʺʬʩʰʯ,
ʩʻʫˈʰ-ʰʵʪʨʹ, ʨʴʻ ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ ˂ʴʵʩʰʬʸʬʩʰʹ ʶʸʰʴ˂ʰʶʬʩʰʹ ʫʨʳ˂ʭʬʲʰ
ʨʫʨʳʰʨʴʰ ʳʰ˄ʰʬʸʰ ʹʨʽʳʰʨʴʵʩʰʹ ʩʵʸʱʰʲʬʩʰʹʨʪʨʴ
ʯʨʭʰʹʻʼʲʫʬʩʨ; ʳʰʯʰʯʬʩʻʲʰ
ʲʬʽʹʰʹ ʳʰˆʬʫʭʰʯ, ʩʻʫʫˈʰ-ʰʵʪʨ ʴʰˀʴʨʭʹ ʻʮʬʴʨʬʹʮʬ ʹʸʻʲ
ʫʨʴʫʵʩʨʹ, ʸʰʹ ˀʬʳʫʬʪʨ˂ ʳʯʬʲʰ ʪʸ˃ʴʵʩʬʩʰʹ ʳʵʽ˂ʬʭʨ
ʶʰʸʵʭʴʬʩʰʹ ʴʬʩʰʹ ʽʭʬˀ ʻʼʸʵ ʨʫʭʰʲʰ ˆʫʬʩʨ.
ʵʸʰʭʬ ʰʵʪʨ ʬʸʯʳʨʴʬʯʮʬʨ ʫʨʳʵʱʰʫʬʩʻʲʰ ʰʹʬʭʬ, ʸʵʪʵʸ˂
ʸʬʲʰʪʰʨ ʫʨ ʼʰʲʵʹʵʼʰʨ. ʸʬʲʰʪʰʨ ʼʰʲʵʹʵʼʰʰʹ ʪʨʸʬˀʬ
ʳʪʸ˃ʴʵʩʰʨʸʬ ʸ˄ʳʬʴʨʨ ʨʴ ʮʵʪˇʬʸ ʼʨʴʨʺʰʮʳʰ, ʼʰʲʵʹʵʼʰʨ ʱʰ
ʸʬʲʰʪʰʰʹ ʪʨʸʬˀʬ ʹʶʬʱʻʲʨ˂ʰʻʸ ʳʹˇʬʲʵʩʬʩʹʨ ʫʨ ʪʵʴʬʩʰʹʳʰʬʸ
ʪʨʳʵʴʨʪʵʴʯʨ ʴʨʮʨʭʹ ˄ʨʸʳʵʨʫʪʬʴʹ.
ʹʨʩʵʲʵʵ ʳʰʮʨʴʰ ʱʸʰˀʴʨʨ! ʰʹ ʼʰʲʵʹʵʼʵʹʬʩʰ, ʸʵʳʲʬʩʰ˂
ʹʬʸʰʵʮʻʲʨʫ ʬ˃ʰʬʩʬʴ ʨʩʹʵʲʻʺʻʸ ˅ʬˀʳʨʸʰʺʬʩʨʹ, ʩʵʲʵʹ
ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ ˂ʴʵʩʰʬʸʬʩʨʳʫʬ ʳʰʫʰʨʴ. “ʩˈʨʪʨʭʨʫ-ʪʰʺʨˀʰ” ʬʹ
ʫʨʫʨʹʺʻʸʬʩʻʲʰʨ. ʳʯʨʭʨʸʰ ʨʮʸʰ ˂ˆʵʭʸʬʩʰʹʨ ʳʫʪʵʳʨʸʬʵʩʹ
ʰʳʨˀʰ, ʸʵʳ ʻˀʻʨʲʵʫ ˀʬʭʰ˂ʴʵʯ ʹʨʱʻʯʨʸʰ ˅ʬˀʳʨʸʰʺʰ “ʳʬ”
ʻʳʨʾʲʬʹ ʶʰʸʵʭʴʬʩʨʹʯʨʴ ʻʸʯʰʬʸʯʵʩʨˀʰ. ʨʸʨʶʰʸʫʨʶʰʸʰ
ˀʬ˂ʴʵʩʰʹ ʶʸʵ˂ʬʹʰ ʱʰ ʼʰʲʵʹʵʼʰʻʸ ʳʹˇʬʲʵʩʨʯʨ ʹʨʮʾʭʸʬʩˀʰ
ʳʰʳʫʰʴʨʸʬʵʩʹ ʫʨ ʨʫʨʳʰʨʴʰ ˀʬʰ˃ʲʬʩʨ ʯʨʴʫʨʯʨʴʵʩʰʯ ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ
˂ʴʵʩʰʬʸʬʩʰʹ ʫʵʴʬʳʫʬ ʳʰʭʰʫʬʹ. ʨʳ ʵʸʰʫʨʴ ʻʱʬʯʬʹʰʨ ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ
˂ʴʵʩʰʬʸʬʩʨʳʫʬ ʨʳʨʾʲʬʩʰʹ ʻˀʻʨʲʵ ʪʮʨ, ʭʰʴʨʰʫʨʴ ʰʪʰ ʨʸ ʨʸʰʹ
ʫʨʳʵʱʰʫʬʩʻʲʰ ʹˆʭʨʯʨ ʴʨʨʮʸʬʭʰʹ ʪʨʭʲʬʴʨʮʬ, ʨʸ˂ ʪʸ˃ʴʵʩʨʯʨ
ʪʨʴ˄ʳʬʴʫʰʹ ʪʮʰʹ ʪʨʭʲʨʨ ʹʨ˅ʰʸʵ – ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ ˂ʴʵʩʰʬʸʬʩʨ ʯʨʭʨʫʨʨ

3

Tavi mesame – karma-ioga

ʪʨʴʳ˄ʳʬʴʫʰ ʿʵʭʬʲʰ ʻʱʬʯʻʸʵʩʰʹʨ ʫʨ ˂ʵʫʭʰʹʨʪʨʴ. ʨʳʸʰʪʨʫ,
ʬʸʪʻʲʰ ʹʨʳʹʨˆʻʸʰʯ ʻˀʻʨʲʵʫ ˀʬ˂ʴʵʩʨ ʹʨʱʻʯʨʸʰ ʯʨʭʰʹʨ ʫʨ
ʻʼʨʲʯʨʴ ʳʰʨˆʲʵʬʩʨ ʬʸʯʫʸʵʻʲʨʫ ʰʵʲʰ˂ʨʨ ʫʨ
ʨʳʨʾʲʬʩʻʲʰ˂.
ʲʬʽʹʰ 4
ʨʫʨʳʰʨʴʰ ʭʬʸ˂ ʻʹʨʽʳʻʸʵʩʰʯ ʪʨʴʯʨʭʰʹʻʼʲʫʬʩʨ ʿʵʼʰʬʸʬʩʰʹ
ʻʱʬʯʻʸʬʩʨʯʨʪʨʴ ʫʨ ʭʬʸ˂ ʳˆʵʲʵʫ ʪʨʴʫʬʪʰʲʵʩʰʯ ʳʰʨʾ˄ʬʭʹ
ʹʸʻʲʽʳʴʨʹ.
ˀʰʴʨ-ʨʸʹʰ: ʪʨʴʫʬʪʰʲʰʹ ˂ˆʵʭʸʬʩʰʹ ˄ʬʹʰʹ ʳʰʾʬʩʨ ʳʨˀʰʴ ˀʬʰ˃ʲʬʩʨ,
ʸʵʫʬʹʨ˂ ʨʫʨʳʰʨʴʰ ʨʳʽʭʬʿʴʰʻʸ ʳʨʴʱʰʬʸʬʩʨʯʨ ʪʨʴ˄ʳʬʴʫʰʹʨʯʭʰʹ
ʫʨʫʪʬʴʰʲʰ ʳʵʭʨʲʬʵʩʬʩʰʹ ˀʬʹʸʻʲʬʩʰʯ ʪʨʹʻʼʯʨʭʫʬʩʨ.
ʪʨʴ˄ʳʬʴʫʰʹ ʪʨʸʬˀʬ ˂ˆʵʭʸʬʩʰʹ ʳʬʵʯˆʬ ˄ʬʹʮʬ (ʹʨʴʴʰʨʹʨʮʬ)
ʶʰʸʫʨʶʰʸʰ ʪʨʫʨʹʭʲʰʯ ˀʬʻ˃ʲʬʩʬʲʰʨ ˄ʨʸʳʨʺʬʩʰʹ ʳʰʾ˄ʬʭʨ.
ʬʳʶʰʸʰʻʲʰ ʼʰʲʵʹʵʼʵʹʬʩʰʹ ʨʮʸʰʯ, ʻʩʸʨʲʵʫ ʹʨʴʴʰʨʹʨʹ
ʳʰʾʬʩʰʯ, ʨʴʻ ʱʨʸʳʰʻʲʰ ʹʨʽʳʰʨʴʵʩʰʹ ʳʰʺʵʭʬʩʰʯ, ʨʫʨʳʰʨʴʰ
ʳʨˀʰʴʭʬ ʴʨʸʨʰʨʴʨ ˆʫʬʩʨ. ʻʼʨʲʰ ʱʸʰˀʴʨ ʪʭʰʽʨʫʨʪʬʩʹ, ʸʵʳ ʪʻʲʰʹ
ʪʨʴ˄ʳʬʴʫʰʹ ʪʨʸʬˀʬ ʹʨʴʴʰʨʹʨʹ ʹʨʮʵʪʨʫʵʬʩʸʰʭ ˄ʬʹʸʰʪˀʰ
ʳˆʵʲʵʫ ʽʨʵʹʰ ˀʬʳʵʨʽʭʹ. ʳʬʵʸʬ ʳˆʸʰʭ, ʯʻʱʰ ʻʼʲʰʹ
ʺʸʨʴʹ˂ʬʴʫʬʴʺʻʲ ʳʹʨˆʻʸʬʩʨʹ ʭʰʴʳʬ ˀʬʻʫʪʬʩʨ, ʿʵʭʬʲʰʭʬ ʳʰʹ
ʴʨʳʵʽʳʬʫʨʸʹ ʻʮʬʴʨʬʹʰ ˀʬʰ˄ʰʸʨʭʹ (ʹʭ-ʨʲʶʨʳ ʨʶʰ ʨʹʰʨ ʫˈʨʸʳʨʹʰʨ
ʺʸʨʰʨʺʬ ʳʨˈʨʺʵ ʩˈʨʰʨʺ). ʨʳ ʶʸʰʴ˂ʰʶʰʹ ʴʨ˄ʰʲʵʩʸʰʭ
ˀʬʹʸʻʲʬʩʰʹ ˀʬʫʬʪʨʫʨ˂ ʱʰ ʨʫʨʳʰʨʴʹ ʫʰʫʰ ʹʰʸʯʻʲʰʹ
ʪʨʫʨʲʨˆʭʰʹ ʻʴʨʸʰ ʬ˃ʲʬʭʨ.
ʲʬʽʹʰ 5
ʿʵʭʬʲʰ ˂ʵ˂ˆʨʲʰ ʨʸʹʬʩʨ ʯʨʭʰʹʰ ʩʻʴʬʩʰʹ ˄ʿʨʲʵʩʰʯ ʳʨʸʨʫ
ʳʵʽʳʬʫʰʨ; ʨʳʰʺʵʳ ˄ʨʳʰʯʨ˂ ʭʬʸ ʫʨʸˁʬʩʨ ʰʪʰ ʻʹʨʽʳʵʫ.
ˀʰʴʨ-ʨʸʹʰ: ʰʹ ʪʨʸʬʳʵʬʩʨ, ʸʵʳ ʹʻʲʰ ʳʨʸʨʫʳʵʽʳʬʫʰʨ,
ʪʨʳʵ˄ʭʬʻʲʰʨ ʳʰʹʰʭʬ ʩʻʴʬʩʰʯ ʫʨ ʨʸʨ ʰʳʰʯ, ʸʵʳ ʹˆʬʻʲˀʰʨ
ʳʵʽ˂ʬʻʲʰ. ʹ˄ʵʸʬʫ ʹʻʲʰʹ ʪʨʸʬˀʬ ʨʸ ˀʬʻ˃ʲʰʨ ʳʵ˃ʸʨʵʩʨ
ʳʨʺʬʸʰʨʲʻʸ ʹˆʬʻʲʹ – ʳʱʭʫʨʸ ʳʨʴʽʨʴʨʹ, ʸʵʳʬʲʹʨ˂ ʳʻʫʨʳ

4

Tavi mesame – karma-ioga

ʫʨʻʫʬʪʨʸʰ ʹʻʲʰ ʳʨʸʯʨʭʹ. ʹʻʲʰ ʹˆʬʻʲʹ ʻʴʫʨ
˄ʰʴʨʳ˃ʾʭʸʵʩʫʬʹ ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ ˂ʴʵʩʰʬʸʬʩʰʹ ʹʨʹʰʱʬʯʵ ʹʨʽʳʬʬʩʰʹ
ʹʨʱʬʯʬʩʲʨʫ; ˄ʰʴʨʨʾʳʫʬʪ ˀʬʳʯˆʭʬʭʨˀʰ ʹˆʬʻʲʰ ˄ʨʸʳʵʹʨˆʭʰʯʰ
ʬʴʬʸʪʰʰʹ ʳʰʬʸ ʨʾ˃ʸʻʲʰ ʹʨʽʳʰʨʴʵʩʬʩʰʹ ʨʾʳʹʸʻʲʬʩʬʲʰ ʰʽʴʬʩʨ.
ʳʨʺʬʸʰʨʲʻʸ ʬʴʬʸʪʰʨʹʯʨʴ ʱʨʭˀʰʸʰʹ ˀʬʫʬʪʨʫ ʹʻʲʰ ʳʰ˄ʰʬʸ
ʯʭʰʹʬʩʨʯʨ ʸʱʨʲˀʰ ʬʽ˂ʬʭʨ. ʨʹʬʯʰ ʳʰʫʸʬʱʰʲʬʩʬʩʰʹʨʪʨʴ
ʪʨʴʹʨ˄ʳʬʴʫʨʫ ʱʰ ʨʻ˂ʰʲʬʩʬʲʰʨ ˀʨʹʺʸʬʩˀʰ ʫʨ˄ʬʹʬʩʻʲʰ
ʳʵʭʨʲʬʵʩʬʩʰʹ ˀʬʹʸʻʲʬʩʨ. ʬʹ ʨʸ ʫʨʹ˅ʰʸʫʬʩʨ ʹʻʲʹ, ʯʻ ʰʪʰ
ʩʻʴʬʩʸʰʭʨʫ ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ ˂ʴʵʩʰʬʸʬʩʨˀʰ ʰʽʴʬʩʨ ʫʨʫʪʰʴʬʩʻʲʰ.
ʿʭʬʲʨʼʬʸʰ ʸʰʹ ʪʨʱʬʯʬʩʨʹʨ˂ ʨʹʬʯʰ ʹʻʲʰʹ ʱʨʸʴʨˆʰʯ ʨʫʨʳʰʨʴʰ
ˀʬ˃ʲʬʩʹ, ʹʰʱʬʯʰʹ ʳʵʳʺʨʴʰ ʨʾʳʵˁʴʫʬʩʨ. ʬʹ ʫʨʫʨʹʺʻʸʬʩʻʲʰʨ
“ˀʸʰʳʨʫ-ʩˈʨʪʨʭʨʺʨʳˀʰ” (1.5.17)(ʲʬʽʹʰ)
“ʯʻ ʭʰʴʳʬ ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ ˂ʴʵʩʰʬʸʬʩʨʹ ʻʨˆʲʵʭʫʬʩʨ, ʳʨʪʸʨʳ ʭʬʸ
ʨʹʸʻʲʬʩʹ ˀʨʹʺʸʬʩˀʰ ʫʨ˄ʬʹʬʩʻʲ ʳʵʭʨʲʬʵʩʬʩʹ,
ʳʨʸʯʬʩʻʲʨʫʨ˂ ʬ˄ʬʭʨ ʬʸʯʪʻʲ ʹʨʳʹʨˆʻʸʹ; ʨʴ ʯʻ ʳʰʾ˄ʬʻʲʰ
ʫʵʴʰʫʨʴ ʬ˂ʬʳʨ, ʳʨˀʰʴʨ˂ ʨʸʨʼʬʸʹ ʱʨʸʪʨʭʹ ʫʨ ʨʸ˂ ʨʸʨʼʬʸʰʨ ʨʳʨˀʰ
ʳʰʹʯʭʰʹ ʹʨʪʨʴʪʨˀʵ. ʳʨʪʸʨʳ ʯʻ ˀʨʹʺʸʬʩˀʰ ʪʨʴ˄ʳʬʴʫʰʹʨʯʭʰʹ
ʳʵ˂ʬʳʻʲ ʫʨʴʨ˄ʬʹʬʩʹ ʨʹʸʻʲʬʩʹ, ʳʨʪʸʨʳ ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ ˂ʴʵʩʰʬʸʰ ʨʸ
ʰʽʴʬʩʨ, ʭʬʸʨʼʬʸʹ ʳʰʨʾ˄ʬʭʹ”. ʨʳʫʬʴʨʫ, ʹʨʴʴʰʨʹʨʹ – ʪʨʴ˄ʳʬʴʫʰʹ
ʶʸʵ˂ʬʹʰ ʨʻ˂ʰʲʬʩʬʲʰʨ ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ ˂ʴʵʩʰʬʸʬʩʰʹ ʨʳ ʫʵʴʰʹ
ʳʰʹʨʾ˄ʬʭʨʫ, ʸʰʹ ʪʨʸʬˀʬ˂ ʨʫʨʳʰʨʴʰʹ ʿʵʭʬʲʰ ʳ˂ʫʬʲʵʩʨ
˄ʨʸʻʳʨʺʬʩʬʲʰ ʰʽʴʬʩʨ.
ʲʬʽʹʰ 6
ʰʹ, ʭʰʴ˂ ʻʳʵʽʳʬʫʵʩʨʹ ʰʸˁʬʭʹ, ʳʨʪʸʨʳ ˅ʱʻʨ ʪʸ˃ʴʵʩʨʯʨ
ʫʨʱʳʨʿʵʼʰʲʬʩʰʹʱʬʴ ʪʨʻʸʩʰʹ, ʻʫʨʵʫ ʯʨʭʹʨ˂ ʰʺʿʻʬʩʹ ʫʨ
ʼʨʸʰʹʬʭʲʵʩʹ ʹˆʭʨʯʨ ʯʭʨʲʰʹ ʨʹʨˆʭʬʭʨʫ.
ˀʰʴʨ-ʨʸʹʰ: ʨʳʽʭʬʿʴʨʫ ʳʸʨʭʨʲʰ ʯʭʨʲʯʳʨʽ˂ʰʨ, ʸʵʳʬʲʰ˂ ʻʨʸʹ
ʨʳʩʵʩʹ ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ ˂ʴʵʩʰʬʸʬʩʨˀʰ ˀʸʵʳʨʮʬ, ʨ˄ʿʵʩʹ ʳʬʫʰʺʨ˂ʰʻʸ
ʹʨʴʨˆʨʵʩʬʩʹ, ʳʨʪʸʨʳ ʨʳʨʭʬ ʫʸʵʹ ʳʰʹ ˅ʱʻʨʹ ʳˆʵʲʵʫ ʪʸ˃ʴʵʩʨʯʨ
ʫʨʱʳʨʿʵʼʰʲʬʩʨ ʬʲʨʴʫʬʩʨ. ʨʹʬʯʰ ʯʨʾʲʰʯʬʩʰ ʬ.˄. ʫʨˆʭʬ˄ʰʲʰ
ʪʬʳʵʭʴʬʩʰʹ ʳʰʳʫʬʭʸʬʩʹ ʰʱʸʬʩʬʴ ʪʨʸʹ, ʯʨʭʹ ʻ˅ʬʫʬʴ ʳ˅ʲʬ

5

Tavi mesame – karma-ioga

ʼʰʲʵʹʵʼʰʻʸ ʯʬʳʬʩʮʬ ʲʨʶʨʸʨʱʰʯ, ʳʨʪʸʨʳ, ʨʳ ʲʬʽʹʰʹ
ʯʨʴʨˆʳʨʫ, ʬʹ ʻʸ˂ˆʭʰ ʳʨʺʿʻʨʸʬʩʰ ʨʳʨʵʫ ʰʸˇʬʩʰʨʴ.
ʪʸ˃ʴʵʩʨʯʨ ʫʨʹʨʱʳʨʿʵʼʰʲʬʩʲʨʫ ʨʫʨʳʰʨʴʳʨ ˀʬʰ˃ʲʬʩʨ
ʴʬʩʰʹʳʰʬʸ ʹʵ˂ʰʨʲʻʸ ʹʼʬʸʵˀʰ ʰʾʭʨ˄ʵʹ, ʳʨʪʸʨʳ ʯʻ ʯʨʭʰʹʰ
ʱʵʴʱʸʬʺʻʲʰ ʳʫʪʵʳʨʸʬʵʩʰʹʨʯʭʰʹ ʪʨʴʱʻʯʭʴʰʲ ˄ʬʹʬʩʹʨ ʫʨ
ˁʭʬʻʲʬʩʬʩʹ ˀʬʨʹʸʻʲʬʩʹ, ʯʨʴʫʨʯʨʴʵʩʰʯ ˀʬ˃ʲʬʩʹ ʿʵʼʰʬʸʬʩʰʹ
ʳʨʴʱʰʬʸʬʩʨʯʨʪʨʴ ʪʨʴ˄ʳʬʴʫʨʹ. ˆʵʲʵ ʰʹ, ʭʰʴ˂ ʰʵʪʨʹ
ʹʨʴʨˆʨʵʩʬʩʰʯ ʯʭʨʲʹ ʻˆʭʬʭʹ ˆʨʲˆʹ, ʹʰʴʨʳʫʭʰʲʬˀʰ ʱʰ ʹʨʱʻʯʨʸ
ʪʸ˃ʴʵʩʨʯʨ ʿʻʸʳʵ˅ʸʰʲʰ ʿʳʨʨ, ʨʸʨʸʨʵʩʨʫ ʸˁʬʩʨ ʰʳ
ˀʬʳʯˆʭʬʭʨˀʰ˂, ʯʻ ʼʰʲʵʹʵʼʰʨʮʬ ʬʸʯʵʩ ʨʳʨʾʲʬʩʻʲʰ
ʶʨʯʵʹʰʯ ʳʹˇʬʲʵʩʹ. ʨʳ ʯʭʨʲʯʳʨʽ˂ʰʹ ˂ʵʫʴʨʹ ʼʨʹʰ ʨʸʨ ʨʽʭʹ,
ʭʰʴʨʰʫʨʴ ʰʪʰ ˂ʵʫʭʰʲʰʨ ʫʨ ʻʼʲʰʹ ʰʲʻʮʵʸʻʲ ʬʴʬʸʪʰʨʹ
ʬʳʿʨʸʬʩʨ. ʳʰʹʰ ˂ʴʵʩʰʬʸʬʩʨ ʻ˄ʳʰʴʫʻʸʰʨ, ʨʳʰʺʵʳʨ˂ ʳʰʹʰ ʰʵʪʻʸʰ
ʳʬʫʰʺʨ˂ʰʨ ʳˆʵʲʵʫ ʵʰʴʩʨʮʵʩʨʨ.
ʲʬʽʹʰ 7
ʳʬʵʸʬ ʳˆʸʰʭ, ʯʻʱʰ ʨʫʨʳʰʨʴʰ ʪʻʲ˄ʸʼʬʲʨʫ ˂ʫʰʲʵʩʹ,
ʪʸ˃ʴʵʩʨʴʰ ʫʨʯʸʪʻʴʵʹ, ʪʨʨʸʾʭʰʵʹ ʳʰˇʨ˅ʭʻʲʵʩʰʹ ʮʾʻʫʬ ʫʨ
ʰʹʬ ʫʨʰ˄ʿʵʹ ʱʨʸʳʨ-ʰʵʪʨ [ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ ˂ʴʵʩʰʬʸʬʩʨˀʰ], ʰʪʰ
ʪʨ˂ʰʲʬʩʰʯ ʳʨʾʲʨ ʫʪʨʹ ʫʨ ʪʨʴʫʬʪʰʲʵʩʨ˂ ˀʬʻ˃ʲʰʨ.
ˀʰʴʨ-ʨʸʹʰ: ʨʾʭʰʸʨˆʹʴʰʲʰ ʭʴʬʩʬʩʰʹʨ ʫʨ ʪʸ˃ʴʵʩʨʯʨ ʺʱʩʵʩʰʹ
ʳʰʮʴʰʯ ˂ʸʻ ʺʸʨʴʹ˂ʬʴʫʬʴʺʨʲʰʹʺʨʫ ʪʨˆʫʵʳʰʹ ʴʨ˂ʭʲʨʫ,
ʻʱʬʯʬʹʰʨ ʨʫʨʳʰʨʴʳʨ ʶʨʺʰʵʹʴʨʫ ʪʨʨʪʸ˃ʬʲʵʹ ʹʨʱʻʯʨʸʰ ʹʨʽʳʬ ʫʨ
ʯʨʴʫʨʯʨʴ ʪʨʴʨˆʵʸ˂ʰʬʲʵʹ ʹʰ˂ʵ˂ˆʲʰʹ ʳʰʮʨʴʰ, ʸʨ˂
ʳʨʺʬʸʰʨʲʻʸʰ ʺʿʭʬʵʩʰʫʨʴ ʪʨʴʯʨʭʰʹʻʼʲʬʩʨʹʨ ʫʨ ʾʳʬʸʯʰʹ
ʹʨʹʻʼʬʭʬʲˀʰ ˀʬʾ˄ʬʭʨʹ ʪʻʲʰʹˆʳʵʩʹ. ʻʳʨʾʲʬʹʰ ʹʭʨʸʯˈʨʪʨʺʰ,
ʨʴʻ ʶʰʸʨʫʰ ʳʰʮʨʴʰ ʭʰˀʴʻʹ ʳʰʾ˄ʬʭʨʨ. ʭʨʸʴʨ ʫʨ ʨˀʸʨʳʨʹ
ʹʨʮʵʪʨʫʵʬʩʸʰʭʰ ˂ˆʵʭʸʬʩʨ ʰʹʬʨ ʳʵ˄ʿʵʩʰʲʰ, ʸʵʳ ʨʫʨʳʰʨʴʬʩʹ ʨʳ
ʳʰʮʴʰʹ ʳʰʾ˄ʬʭʨˀʰ ʫʨʬˆʳʨʸʵʹ. ʾʭʯʰʻʸ ʹʨʳʿʵʼʬʲˀʰ ˀʬʹʭʲʨ
ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ ˂ʴʵʩʰʬʸʬʩʨˀʰ ʬʸʯʪʻʲʰ ʹʨʳʹʨˆʻʸʰʯ ʳʬʵˇʨˆʬʹʨ˂
˃ʨʲʻ˃ʹ, ʵʾʵʴʫ ʳʵ˄ʬʹʸʰʪʬʩʻʲʰ ˂ˆʵʭʸʬʩʰʯ ʻʴʫʨ ʰ˂ˆʵʭʸʵʹ,
ʸʵʪʵʸ˂ ʬʹ ˀʨʹʺʸʬʩˀʰʨ ʫʨ˄ʬʹʬʩʻʲʰ, ʫʨ ʵˇʨˆʯʨʴ ʯʻ

6

Tavi mesame – karma-ioga

ʨˆʲʵʩʲʬʩʯʨʴ ʳʰˇʨ˅ʭʻʲʵʩʰʹ ʪʨʸʬˀʬ ʪʨʨʪʸ˃ʬʲʵʹ ʯʨʭʰʹʰ
ʹʨʽʳʰʨʴʵʩʨ. ʨʳ ʪʮʨʮʬ ʪʻʲ˄ʸʼʬʲʰ ʨʫʨʳʰʨʴʰ ʪʨ˂ʰʲʬʩʰʯ ʳʨʾʲʨ
ʫʪʨʹ ʰʳ ʿʨʲʯʨʩʨʴʫʮʬ, ʸʵʳʬʲʰ˂ ʪʻʲʻʩʸʿʭʰʲʵ ʩʸʩʵʹ
ʳʵʹʨʺʿʻʬʩʲʨʫ ʿʨʲʩ ʹʶʰʸʰʺʻʨʲʰʮʳʹ ˈʱʰʫʬʩʹ ˆʬʲʹ. ʽʻˁʰʹ
ʶʨʺʰʵʹʨʴʰ ʫʨʳʪʭʬʲʰ ʪʨ˂ʰʲʬʩʰʯ ʳʨʾʲʨ ʫʪʨʹ, ʭʰʫʸʬ
ʯʨʾʲʰʯʰ, ʸʵʳʬʲʰ˂ ʳˆʵʲʵʫ ʲʻʱʳʰʹ ʳʵʹʨʶʵʭʬʩʲʨʫ
ʨʹʸʻʲʬʩʹ ʳʬʫʰʺʨ˂ʰʨʹ.
ʲʬʽʹʰ 8
ˀʬʴʮʬ ʫʨ˄ʬʹʬʩʻʲ ʳʵʭʨʲʬʵʩʨʯʨ ˀʬʹʸʻʲʬʩʨ ʪʳʨʸʯʬʩʹ,
ʭʰʴʨʰʫʨʴ ˀʸʵʳʨ ʹˇʵʩʰʨ ʳʻʽʯʨˆʵʸʵʩʨʹ. ˀʸʵʳʰʹ ʪʨʸʬˀʬ
ˀʬʻ˃ʲʬʩʬʲʰʨ ʹˆʬʻʲʰʹ ˀʬʴʨʸˁʻʴʬʩʨ˂ ʱʰ.
ˀʰʴʨ-ʨʸʹʰ. ʽʭʬʿʨʴʨ ʹʨʭʹʬʨ ʯʭʰʯʳʨʸʽʭʰʨ ʳʬʫʰʺʨʺʵʸʬʩʰʯ,
ʸʵʳʬʲʯʨ˂ ʯʨʭʰ ʳʵʨʽʭʯ: ʳʨʾʨʲʰ ˄ʨʸʳʵˀʵʩʰʹʨʴʰ ʫʨ ʫʰʫʰ
ʶʸʵʼʬʹʰʵʴʨʲʬʩʰ ʭʨʸʯ, ʨʽʨʵʫʨ ʿʭʬʲʨʼʬʸʹ ʹʻʲʰʬʸ
ʪʨʴʭʰʯʨʸʬʩʨʹ ʭ˄ʰʸʨʭʯʵ.
ʻʼʨʲ ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ ʨʸ ʹʻʸʫʨ ʨʸˇʻʴʨʹ ʬʯʭʨʲʯʳʨʽ˂ʨ, ʶʰʸʰʽʰʯ, ʳʨʹ
ʻʴʫʵʫʨ, ʨʸˇʻʴʨʹ ʶʰʸʴʨʯʲʨʫ ˀʬʬʹʸʻʲʬʩʰʴʨ ʳʨʹʮʬ
ʫʨ˄ʬʹʬʩʻʲʰ ʳʵʭʨʲʬʵʩʬʩʰ, ʸʵʪʵʸ˂ ʬʹ ʫʨʫʪʬʴʰʲʰʨ
ʽˀʨʺʸʰʬʩʰʹʨʯʭʰʹ. ʨʸˇʻʴʨʹ ʵˇʨˆʰ ˈʿʨʭʫʨ, ʰʿʵ
ʳˆʬʫʨʸʯʳʯʨʭʨʸʰ, ʨʳʰʺʵʳʨ˂ ʹˇʵʩʫʨ, ʨʹʬʯʨʫ ʫʨʸˁʬʴʰʲʰʿʵ ʫʨ
ʳʬʵˇʨˆʬ ʽˀʨʺʸʰʨʹ ʭʨʲʰ ʳʵʬˆʨʫʨ. ʨʹʬʯʰ ʹʨʽʳʰʨʴʵʩʨ
ʯʨʴʫʨʯʨʴʵʩʰʯ ʨʹʶʬʺʨʱʬʩʹ ʬʸʰʹʱʨ˂ʰʹ ʪʻʲʹ ʫʨ ʳʨʺʬʸʰʨʲʻʸʰ
ʻʱʬʯʻʸʵʩʰʹʨʪʨʴ ʨʯʨʭʰʹʻʼʲʬʩʹ.
ʻʼʨʲʰ, ʫʨ ʨʸ˂ ʸʵʳʬʲʰʳʬ ʸʬʲʰʪʰʻʸʰ ˄ʬʸʰʲʰ, ʨʸ ʰ˄ʵʴʬʩʹ
ʨʫʨʳʰʨʴʰʹʨʪʨʴ ʯʨʭʰʹ ʪʨʺʨʴʰʹʨʯʭʰʹ ʬʪʸʬʯ˄ʵʫʬʩʻʲ
ʪʨʴʫʬʪʰʲʵʩʨʹ, ʹʨʽʳʰʨʴʵʩʨʮʬ ʻʨʸʰʹ ʯʽʳʨʹ. ʿʭʬʲʨʼʬʸʹ ʸʵʳ
ʯʨʭʰ ʫʨʭʨʴʬʩʵʯ, ʰʹ ʻʴʫʨ ʪʨʰʹʨʸˇʵʹ ʹˆʬʻʲʰʹʨ ʫʨ ʹʻʲʰʹ
ʹʨʸˁʬʴʨʫ. ʳʰ˄ʰʬʸ ʳʰʫʸʬʱʰʲʬʩʨʯʨʪʨʴ ʪʨʴ˄ʳʬʴʫʰʹ ʪʨʸʬˀʬ ʨʸ
ˀʬʰ˃ʲʬʩʨ ˀʸʵʳʰʹ ʯʭʰʯʴʬʩʻʸʨʫ ʳʰʺʵʭʬʩʨ. ʨʳʽʭʬʿʴʨʫ ʴʬʩʰʹʳʰʬʸ
ʨʸʹʬʩʨʮʬ ʳʨʺʬʸʰʨʲʻʸʰ ʩʻʴʬʩʨ ʩʨʺʵʴʵʩʹ. ʨʳʰʺʵʳʨ˂ ʳʨʹ
ʪʸ˃ʴʵʩʨʯʨ ʫʨʱʳʨʿʵʼʰʲʬʩʰʹ ʻ˄ʳʰʴʫʻʸʰ ʹʨˀʻʨʲʬʩʬʩʰ˂

7

Tavi mesame – karma-ioga

ʳʸʨʭʲʨʫ ʪʨʳʵʻʴʨˆʨʭʹ. ʹʨ˅ʰʸʵʨ ʨʹʬʯʰ ʩʰʴ˃ʻʸʰ ˁʭʬʭʬʩʰʹ
ʻʨʸʿʵʼʨ. ʨʳʰʹ ʪʨʸʬˀʬ ʫʨ ʫʨ˄ʬʹʬʩʻʲʰ ʳʵʭʨʲʬʵʩʬʩʰʹ
ˀʬʻʹʸʻʲʬʩʲʨʫ, ʸʨ˂ ʳ˂ʵʴʨʸʵʩʨʹʨ ʫʨ ʳʻʽʯʨˆʵʸʵʩʨˀʰ
ʭʲʰʴʫʬʩʨ, ʨʫʨʳʰʨʴʰ ʨʸ˂ ʻʴʫʨ ʬ˂ʨʫʵʹ ʬʪʸʬʯ˄ʵʫʬʩʻʲ
ʺʸʨʴʹ˂ʬʴʫʬʴʺʨʲʰʹʺʨʫ ʪʨˆʫʵʳʨʹ.
ʲʬʽʹʰ 9
ʸʨʹʨ˂ ʰʽʳ ˂ˆʵʭʸʬʩʨˀʰ, ʭʰˀʴʻʹ ʹʨʳʹˆʭʬʸʶʲʵʫ ʻʴʫʨ ʪʨʰʾʵ;
ʨʸʨʫʨ ˀʸʵʳʨ ʳʨʺʬʸʰʨʲʻʸ ʹʨʳʿʨʸʵˀʰ ʩʵʸʱʰʲʬʩʨʫ ʪʬʽ˂ʬʭʨ.
ʨʳʰʺʵʳ, ʵ, ʱʻʴʺʰʹ ˀʭʰʲʵ, ʨʾʨʹʸʻʲʬ ˀʬʴʮʬ ʫʨ˄ʬʹʬʩʻʲʰ
ʳʵʭʨʲʬʵʩʬʩʰ ʳʰʹ ʹʨʨʳʬʩʲʨʫ ʫʨ ʨʸʨʹʵʫʬʹ ʳʵʬʽ˂ʬʭʰ ʺʿʭʬʵʩʨˀʰ.
ˀʰʴʨ-ʨʸʹʰ: ʭʰʴʨʰʫʨʴ ʨʫʨʳʰʨʴʰ ʰ˃ʻʲʬʩʻʲʰʨ, ʹˆʬʻʲʰʹ
ˀʬʹʨʴʨʸˁʻʴʬʩʲʨʫ ʳʨʰʴ˂ ʰˀʸʵʳʵʹ, ʯʰʯʵʬʻʲʰ ʹʵ˂ʰʨʲʻʸʰ
ʼʬʴʰʹʨ ʫʨ ʪʨʸʬʳʵʹʨʯʭʰʹ ʰʹʬʨ ʫʨ˄ʬʹʬʩʻʲʰ ʳʵʭʨʲʬʵʩʬʩʰ, ʸʵʳ
ʯʭʰʯ ʻʳʨʾʲʬʹʰ ʳʰʮʴʰʹ ʪʨʴˆʵʸ˂ʰʬʲʬʩʨ ˀʬʹʨ˃ʲʬʩʬʲʰ ʪʨˆʫʬʹ.
ʰʨˇʴʨ ʴʰˀʴʨʭʹ ʻʼʨʲʰ ʭʰˀʴʻʹ, ʨʪʸʬʯʭʬ ʳʰʹʯʭʰʹ
ʳʹˆʭʬʸʶʲˀʬ˄ʰʸʭʨʯʨ ˂ʬʸʬʳʵʴʰʬʩʹ; ʭʬʫʬʩˀʰ ʫʨ˄ʬʹʬʩʻʲʰʨ:
ʰʨˇʴʵ ʭʨʰ ʭʰˀʴʻˈ. ʹˆʭʨ ʹʰʺʿʭʬʩʰʯ ʸʵʳ ʭʯʽʭʨʯ, ʬʸʯʰ ʫʨ ʰʪʰʭʬ
ʳʰʮʨʴʰ ʳʰʰʾ˄ʬʭʨ ʨʾʴʰˀʴʻʲʰ ʰʨˇʴʬʩʰʹ ˀʬʹʸʻʲʬʩʰʯ ʫʨ ʻʼʨʲʰ
ʭʰˀʴʻʹ ʻˀʻʨʲʵ ʳʹʨˆʻʸʬʩʰʯ.
ʨʳ ʲʬʽʹʰʹ ʯʨʴʨˆʳʨʫ, ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ ˂ʴʵʩʰʬʸʬʩʰʹ ʨʾʰʨʸʬʩʨ
ʯʨʭʰʹʯʨʭʨʫ ʰʨˇʴʨʹ ˀʬʹʸʻʲʬʩʨʹ ˄ʨʸʳʵʨʫʪʬʴʹ. ʭʨʸʴʨˀʸʨʳʨʹ
ʳʰʮʨʴʰ˂ ʻʼʨʲʰ ʭʰˀʴʻʹ ʫʨʱʳʨʿʵʼʰʲʬʩʨʨ: ʭʨʸʴʨˀʸʨʳʨˁʨʸʨʭʨʺʨ
ʶʻʸʻˀʬʴʨ ʶʨʸʨˈ ʶʻʳʨʴ | ʭʰˀʴʻʸ ʨʸʨʫˈʰʨʺʬ. (ʭʰˀʴʻ ʶʻʸʨʴʨ 3.8.8).
ʨʳʸʰʪʨʫ, ˂ʵ˂ˆʨʲʳʨ ʨʸʹʬʩʨʳ ʻʴʫʨ ʰˀʸʵʳʵʹ ʭʰˀʴʻʹ
ʫʨʱʳʨʿʵʼʰʲʬʩʰʹʨʯʭʰʹ. ʳʨʺʬʸʰʨʲʻʸ ʹʨʳʿʨʸʵˀʰ ʴʬʩʰʹʳʰʬʸʰ
ʹˆʭʨ ˀʸʵʳʨ ʶʰʸʵʭʴʬʩʰʹ ʺʿʭʬʵʩʨʹ ʰ˄ʭʬʭʹ, ʭʰʴʨʰʫʨʴ ʱʨʸʪʰ ʯʻ
˂ʻʫʰ ʹʨʽʳʰʨʴʵʩʨ ʯʨʭʰʹ ˀʬʫʬʪʰʯ ʪʨʭʲʬʴʨʹ ʨˆʫʬʴʹ
ˀʬʳʹʸʻʲʬʩʬʲʮʬ ʫʨ ʯʨʴʫʨʯʨʴʵʩʰʯ ʰʳʵʴʬʩʹ. ʨʳʰʺʵʳ ʱʨ˂ʳʨ
ʯʨʭʰʹʰ ˀʸʵʳʨ ʻʴʫʨ ʳʰʻ˃ʾʭʴʨʹ ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ (ʨʴʻ ʭʰˀʴʻʹ); ʬʹ ʻʱʭʬ
ʪʨʴʯʨʭʰʹʻʼʲʬʩʨʹ ʴʰˀʴʨʭʹ.

8

Tavi mesame – karma-ioga

ʨʹʬʯʰ ˀʸʵʳʨ ʫʰʫ ˆʬʲʵʭʴʬʩʨʹ ʳʵʰʯˆʵʭʹ ʫʨ ʫʨʹʨ˄ʿʰʹˀʰ ˃ʨʲʰʨʴ
ʳ˂ʵʫʴʬ ˄ʰʴʨʳ˃ʾʵʲʰʹ ʪʻʲʳʵʫʪʰʴʬʩʨʨ ʹʨ˅ʰʸʵ ʨʴ ʯʨʭʨʫ ʻʼʨʲʰ
ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ ʻˀʻʨʲʵ ʳʰʯʰʯʬʩʰʯ ˆʫʬʩʨ. (ʸʰʹʰ ˀʬʹʨ˃ʲʬʩʲʵʩʨ˂
ʨʸˇʻʴʨʹ ʳʰʬ˂ʨ).
ʻʴʫʨ ʭʰˀʸʵʳʵʯ ʨʸʨ ʹʨʱʻʯʨʸ ʪʸ˃ʴʵʩʨʯʨ, ʨʸʨʳʬʫ ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ
ʹʨʹʰʨʳʵʭʴʵʫ. ʨʹʬʯʰ ʹʨʽʳʰʨʴʵʩʨ ʨʸʨ ʳˆʵʲʵʫ ʪʭʰˆʹʴʰʹ ʳʰ˄ʰʬʸʰ
ʳʨʴʱʰʬʸʬʩʰʹʨʪʨʴ, ʨʸʨʳʬʫ ʯʨʴʫʨʯʨʴʵʩʰʯ ʨʪʭʨʳʨʾʲʬʩʹ ʻʼʨʲʰʹ
ʺʸʨʴʹ˂ʬʴʫʬʴʺʻʲʰ ʹʰʿʭʨʸʻʲʰʯ ʪʨʹˆʰʭʵʹʴʬʩʻʲ
ʹʨʳʹʨˆʻʸʨʳʫʬ, ʸʨ˂ ʾʳʬʸʯʰʹ ʹʨʹʻʼʬʭʲʨʳʫʬ ʨʾʳʨʸʯʭʰʹ
ʬʸʯʨʫʬʸʯ ʹʨˀʻʨʲʬʩʨʹ ˄ʨʸʳʵʨʫʪʬʴʹ.
ʲʬʽʹʰ 10
ʹʨʳʿʨʸʵʹ ʫʨʹʨʩʨʳˀʰʭʬ ʿʵʭʬʲʰ ʨʸʹʬʩʰʹ ʻʼʨʲʳʨ ʹʨʯʨʭʬ ʫʨʻʫʵ
ʱʨ˂ʯʨ ʫʨ ʴʨˆʬʭʨʸʾʳʬʸʯʯʨ ʳʵʫʪʳʨʹ ʫʨ ʨʳ ʹʰʺʿʭʬʩʰʯ ʨʱʻʸʯˆʨ:
“ʰʩʬʫʴʰʬʸʬʯ ʨʳ ʰʨˇʴʨʯʰ (ʳʹˆʭʬʸʶʲˀʬ˄ʰʸʭʰʯ), ʰʪʰ ʳʵʪʨʴʰ˅ʬʩʯ
ʴʬʺʨʸ ˂ˆʵʭʸʬʩʨʹʨ ʫʨ ʪʨʴʯʨʭʰʹʻʼʲʬʩʨʹ”.
ˀʰʴʨ-ʨʸʹʰ: ʻʼʲʰʹʨʪʨʴ (ʭʰˀʴʻ) ʽʳʴʰʲʰ ʳʨʺʬʸʰʨʲʻʸʰ
ʹʨʳʿʨʸʵʫʨʴ ʪʨʴʶʰʸʵʩʬʩʻʲʰ ʹʻʲʬʩʰ ˀʰʴ, ʾʳʬʸʯʯʨʴ
ʫʨʩʸʻʴʬʩʨʹ ʳʰʬʲʺʭʰʨʴ. ʿʵʭʬʲʰ ˂ʵ˂ˆʨʲʰ ʨʸʹʬʩʨ ʶʰʸʳˀʵʨ
ʳʨʺʬʸʰʨʲʻʸʰ ʩʻʴʬʩʰʹʨ ʫʨ ʫʨʭʰ˄ʿʬʩʻʲʰ ʨʽʭʹ ʯʨʭʰʹʰ
ʻʸʯʰʬʸʯʵʩʨ ʭʰˀʴʻʹʯʨʴ, ʨʴʻ ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹʯʨʴ – ʻʮʬʴʨʬʹ
ʾʳʸʯʨʬʩʸʰʭ ʶʰʸʵʭʴʬʩʨʹʯʨʴ. ʭʬʫʻʸʰ ʶʸʰʴ˂ʰʶʬʩʰʹ
ʫʨʴʰˀʴʻʲʬʩʨʨ, ʫʨʪʭʬˆʳʨʸʵʹ ʨʳ ʳʨʸʨʫʰʻʲʰ, ʳʨʪʸʨʳ ʻʱʭʬ
ʫʨʭʰ˄ʿʬʩʰʹ ʩʻʸʻʹˀʰ ʪʨˆʭʬʻʲʰ ʻʸʯʰʬʸʯʵʩʰʹ ʨʾʫʪʬʴʨˀʰ,
ʸʵʪʵʸ˂ ʬʹ “ʩˈʨʪʨʭʨʫ-ʪʰʺʨˀʰʨ” ʫʨʫʨʹʺʻʸʬʩʻʲʰ: ʭʬʫʨʰˀ ˁʨ
ʹʨʸʭʨʰʸ ʨˈʨʳ ʬʭʨ ʭʬʫʰʨˈ. ʻʼʨʲʰ ʨʳʩʵʩʹ: ʭʬʫʬʩʰʹ ʳʰʮʨʴʹ ˁʬʳʰ
ˀʬ˂ʴʵʩʨ ˄ʨʸʳʵʨʫʪʬʴʹ. ʭʬʫʻʸ ˈʰʳʴʬʩˀʰ ʴʨʯʽʭʨʳʰʨ: ʶʨʺʰʳ
ʭʰˀʭʨʹʰʨʺʳʬˀʭʨʸʨʳ. ˂ʵ˂ˆʨʲ ʨʸʹʬʩʨʯʨ ʻʼʨʲʰ ʨʸʰʹ ʻʮʬʴʨʬʹʰ
ʶʰʸʵʭʴʬʩʨ ʭʰˀʴʻ. “ˀʸʰʳʨʫ-ʩˈʨʪʨʭʨʺʨʳˀʰ˂” (2.4.20) ˀʸʰʲʨ
ˀʻʱʨʫʬʭʨ ʪʵʹʭʨʳʰ ˄ʨʸʳʵʪʭʰʫʪʬʴʹ ʻʼʨʲʹ, ʸʵʪʵʸ˂ ʶʨʺʰʹ:
(ʲʬʽʹʰ)

9

Tavi mesame – karma-ioga

ʶʸʨˇʨ-ʶʨʺʰ ʻʼʨʲʰ ʭʰˀʴʻʨ ʫʨ ʰʪʰ ʿʵʭʬʲʰ ˂ʵ˂ˆʨʲʰ ʨʸʹʬʩʰʹ,
ʹʨʳʿʨʸʵʹ ʿʭʬʲʨ ʴʨ˄ʰʲʰʹ, ʯʭʰʯ ʳˀʭʬʴʰʬʸʬʩʰʹ ʻʼʨʲʰ ʫʨ
ʳʼʨʸʭʬʲʰʨ. ʳʨʴ ˀʬʽʳʴʨ ʬʹ ʳʨʺʬʸʰʨʲʻʸʰ ʹʨʳʿʨʸʵ ʫʨ
ʪʨʴʶʰʸʵʩʬʩʻʲ ʹʻʲʬʩʹ ʭʰˀʴʻʹ ʫʨʹʨʱʳʨʿʵʼʰʲʬʩʬʲʰ ʰʨˇʴʬʩʰʹ
(ʳʹˆʭʬʸʶʲˀʬ˄ʰʸʭʬʩʰʹ) ˀʬʹʸʻʲʬʩʰʹ ˀʬʹʨ˃ʲʬʩʲʵʩʨ ʳʰʹ˂ʨ, ʸʨʯʨ
ʳʰ˄ʰʬʸ ʿʵʼʰʬʸʬʩʨˀʰ˂ ʬ˂ˆʵʭʸʨʯ ʳʾʬʲʭʨʸʬʩʰʹ ʪʨʸʬˀʬ; ʸʵ˂ʨ
ʳʨʯʰ ʹʨʪʴʵʩʸʰʭʰ ʹˆʬʻʲʰ ʫʨʨʹʸʻʲʬʩʫʨ ʨʸʹʬʩʵʩʨʹ, ʾʳʬʸʯʰʹ
ʹʨʭʨʴʬˀʰ ʫʨʳʱʭʰʫʸʬʩʻʲʰʿʭʴʬʴ. ʪʨʴʶʰʸʵʩʬʩʻʲʰ ʹʻʲʰʹ
˂ˆʵʭʸʬʩʰʹ ʻʼʲʰʹʳʰʬʸʰ ʪʨʴˁʰʴʬʩʨ ʨʹʬʯʰʨ. ʰʨˇʴʨʹ ˁʨʺʨʸʬʩʰʯ
ʹʻʲʬʩʰ ʯʨʴʫʨʯʨʴʵʩʰʯ ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ ˂ʴʵʩʰʬʸʰ ʫʨ ʾʭʯʨʬʩʸʰʭʰ
ʹʸʻʲʽʳʴʰʹ ʯʨʴʨʮʰʨʸʴʰ ˆʫʬʩʰʨʴ.
ʬʶʵʽʨ ʱʨʲʰʹʯʭʰʹ ʭʬʫʻʸ ˄ʳʰʴʫʨ ˄ʬʸʰʲʬʩˀʰ ʫʨʫʪʬʴʰʲʰʨ
ʹʨʴʱʰʸʺʨʴʨ-ʰʨˇʴʨ (ʻʼʲʰʹ ʹʨˆʬʲʯʨ ʪʨʲʵʩʨ). ʬʹ
ʺʸʨʴʹ˂ʬʴʫʬʴʺʻʲʰ ʹʰʹʺʬʳʨ ʻʼʨʲʳʨ ˁʨʰʺʨʴʰʨʳ ˀʬʳʵʰʾʵ, ʸʨʯʨ
ʨʳ ʬʶʵʽʰʹ ʿʵʭʬʲʰ ʨʫʨʳʰʨʴʰ ʪʨʬʯʨʭʰʹʻʼʲʬʩʰʴʨ. ʹʨʴʱʰʸʺʨʴʨʰʨˇʴʨ ʫʨ ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ ˂ʴʵʩʰʬʸʬʩʨ ʬʸʯʳʨʴʬʯʰʹ ʯʨʴˆʭʬʫʸʰʯ
ˆʨʹʰʨʯʫʬʩʰʨʴ. “ˀʸʰʳʨʫ-ʩˈʨʪʨʭʨʺʨʳˀʰ” (11.5.32) ʳʵˆʹʬʴʰʬʩʻʲʰʨ
ʻʼʨʲʰ ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ ʳʵʭʲʰʴʬʩʨ ʬʸʯʪʻʲʰʹ ʹʨˆʰʯ (ʻʼʨʲʰ
ˁʨʰʺʨʴʰʨ), ʹʨʴʱʰʸʺʨʴʨ-ʰʨˇʴʨʮʬ˂ ʪʨʴʹʨʱʻʯʸʬʩʻʲʰ ʿʻʸʨʫʾʬʩʰʹ
ʪʨʳʨˆʭʰʲʬʩʰʯ: (ʲʬʽʹʰ)
“ʱʨʲʰʹ ʬʶʵʽʨˀʰ ʨʫʨʳʰʨʴʬʩʰ ʹʨʴʱʰʸʺʨʴʨ-ʰʨˇʴʨʹ ˀʬʹʸʻʲʬʩʰʯ
ʯʨʿʭʨʴʹ ʹ˂ʬʳʬʴ ʻʼʨʲʹ, ʸʵʳʬʲʹʨ˂ ʯʨʭʰʹʰ ʯʨʴʨʳʪʮʨʭʸʬʩʰ
ʨˆʲʨʭʨʴ.” ʭʬʫʻʸ ʲʰʺʬʸʨʺʻʸʨˀʰ ʫʨ˄ʬʹʬʩʻʲʰ ʹˆʭʨ ʰʨˇʴʬʩʰ
˃ʴʬʲʰ ˀʬʹʨʹʸʻʲʬʩʬʲʰʨ ʫʾʬʭʨʴʫʬʲ ʬʶʵʽʨˀʰ, ʳʨʪʸʨʳ
ʹʨʴʱʰʸʺʨʴʨ-ʰʨˇʴʨ ʴʬʩʰʹʳʰʬʸ ʶʰʸʵʩʬʩˀʰ ʰʵʲʨʫ ʨʾʬʹʸʻʲʬʩʨ ʫʨ
ʨʸ ʱʨʸʪʨʭʹ ʯʨʭʰʹ ʨʳʨʾʲʬʩʻʲ ʳʴʰˀʭʴʬʲʵʩʨʹ. ʬʹ “ʩˈʨʪʨʭʨʫʪʰʺʨˀʰ˂ʨʨ” ʴʨʯʽʭʨʳʰ (9.14).
ʲʬʽʹʰ 11
ʳʹˆʭʬʸʶʲˀʬ˄ʰʸʭʰʯ ʴʨʹʰʨʳʵʭʴʬʩʰ ʴʨˆʬʭʨʸʾʳʬʸʯʬʩʰ ˀʬʴ˂
ʳʵʪʨʪʬʩʬʴ ʹʨʳʨʪʰʬʸʵʹ ʫʨ ʯʽʭʬʴʰ ʻʸʯʰʬʸʯʯʨʴˆʳʵʩʰʯ ʬʹ
ʹʨʳʿʨʸʵ ʿʭʬʲʨʹʨʯʭʰʹ ʨʿʭʨʭʫʬʩʨ.

10

Tavi mesame – karma-ioga

ˀʰʴʨ-ʨʸʹʰ: ʴʨˆʬʭʨʸʾʳʬʸʯʬʩʰ ʳʨʺʬʸʰʨʲʻʸ ʹʨʽʳʬʯʨ
ʻʼʲʬʩʨʳʵʹʰʲʰ ʳʳʨʸʯʭʬʲʬʩʰ ʨʸʰʨʴ. ʿʵʭʬʲʰ ˂ʵ˂ˆʨʲʰ
ʨʸʹʬʩʰʹʨʯʭʰʹ, ʸʨʯʨ ʹˆʬʻʲʰ ʫʨ ʹʻʲʰ ʨʸˁʰʴʵʹ, ʹʨ˅ʰʸʵ ˈʨʬʸʰ,
ʹʰʴʨʯʲʬ, ˄ʿʨʲʰ ʫʨ ʨ.ˀ. ʨʳʰʯ ʻʮʸʻʴʭʬʲʿʵʼʨ ʫʨʭʨʲʬʩʻʲʰ
ʨʽʭʯ ʴʨˆʬʭʨʸʾʳʬʸʯʬʩʹ, ʸʵʳʲʬʩʰ˂ ʻʮʬʴʨʬʹʰ ʶʰʸʵʭʴʬʩʰʹ
ʹˆʬʻʲʰʹ ʹˆʭʨʫʨʹˆʭʨ ʴʨ˄ʰʲʮʬ ʪʨʴʼʬʴʰʲʰ ʻʸʰ˂ˆʭʰ ʫʨʳˆʳʨʸʬʴʰ
ʨʸʰʨʴ. ʳʨʯʰ ʪʨʴ˄ʿʵʩʰʲʬʩʨ ʫʨʳʵʱʰʫʬʩʻʲʰʨ ʨʫʨʳʰʨʴʰʹ ʳʰʬʸ
ʰʨˇʴʬʩʰʹ ˀʬʹʸʻʲʬʩʨʮʬ. ʮʵʪʰ ʰʨˇʴʨ ʴʨˆʬʭʨʸʾʳʬʸʯʬʩʰʹ
ʪʨʸʱʭʬʻʲʰ ʴʨ˄ʰʲʰʹ ʫʨʹʨʱʳʨʿʵʼʲʬʩʲʨʫ ʨʸʰʹ ʪʨʴʱʻʯʭʴʰʲʰ,
ʳʨʪʸʨʳ ʨʳ ˀʬʳʯˆʭʬʭʨˀʰ˂ ʯʨʿʭʨʴʹ ʹ˂ʬʳʬʴ ʻʼʨʲ ʭʰˀʴʻʹ,
ʪʨʴ˂ˆʸʵʳʰʯ ʹʨʭʹʬʹ ʨʳ ʹʨʳʿʨʸʵˀʰ. “ʩˈʨʪʨʭʨʫ-ʪʰʺʨˀʰ˂” ʴʨʯʽʭʨʳʰʨ,
ʸʵʳ ʯʨʭʨʫ ʱʸʰˀʴʨ ʺʱʩʬʩʨ ʿʵʭʬʲʰ ʹʨˆʰʹ ʰʨˇʴʨʯʰ: ʩˈʵʱʺʨʸʨʳ
ʰʨˇʴʨ-ʺʨʶʨʹʨʳ.
ʨʳʰʺʵʳ ʰʨˇʴʨ-ʶʨʺʰʹ ʹʨʩʵʲʵʵ ʹʰʨʳʵʭʴʬʩʨ ʿʵʭʬʲʰ ʰʨˇʴʨʹ
ʳʯʨʭʨʸʰ ʳʰʮʨʴʰʨ. ʸʵʫʬʹʨ˂ ʬʹ ʰʨˇʴʬʩʰ ʹʸʻʲʿʵʼʰʲʨʫ
ʹʸʻʲʫʬʩʨ, ʩʻʴʬʩʸʰʭʰʨ, ʴʨˆʬʭʨʸʾʳʬʸʯʬʩʰ, ʸʵʳʬʲʯʨ˂
ʨʱʰʹʸʰʨʯ ʨʸʹʬʩʨʯʨ ʳʵʳʨʸʨʪʬʩʨ, ʱʳʨʿʵʼʰʲʴʰ ʨʸʰʨʴ ʫʨ ʹʰʻˆʭʬʹ
ʨʸʨʭʰʹ ʨʱʲʬʩʬʴ.
ʰʨˇʴʨʹ ˀʬʹʸʻʲʬʩʨʹ ʳʸʨʭʨʲʰ ʫʨʳʨʺʬʩʰʯʰ ʹʰʱʬʯʬ ʳʵʨʽʭʹ, ʸʨʹʨ˂
ʹʨʩʵʲʵʵʫ ʳʨʺʬʸʰʨʲʻʸʰ ʺʿʭʬʵʩʰʫʨʴ ʪʨʴʯʨʭʰʹʻʼʲʬʩʨʳʫʬ
ʳʰˈʿʨʭʹ ˂ʵ˂ˆʨʲʰ ʨʸʹʬʩʨ. ʳʹˆʭʬʸʶʲˀʬ˄ʰʸʭʰʯ ʿʭʬʲʨ ʽʳʬʫʬʩʨ,
ʮʸʨˆʭʨ ʫʨ ʪʨʴ˂ʫʨ ʰ˄ʳʰʴʫʬʩʨ, ʸʵʪʵʸ˂ ʬʹ ʭʬʫʬʩˀʰʨ
ʫʨʫʨʹʺʻʸʬʩʻʲʰ: ʨˈʨʸʨ-ˀʻʫʫˈʨʻ ʹʨʺʺʭʨ-ˀʻʫʫˈʰˈ ʹʨʺʺʭʨˀʻʫʫˈʨʻ ʫˈʸʻʭʨ ʹʨʸʰʺʰˈ ʹʳʸʰʺʰ-ʲʨʳʩˈʬ ʹʨʸʭʨ-ʪʸʨʴʯˈʰʴʨʳ
ʭʰʶʸʨʳʵʱˀʨˈ: ʰʨˇʴʨʹ ˀʬʹʸʻʲʬʩʰʯ ʹʻʼʯʨʭʫʬʩʨ ʨʫʨʳʰʨʴʰʹ
ʹʨʱʭʬʩʰ, ʪʨʯʨʭʰʹʻʼʲʬʩʻʲʰ ʹʨʱʭʬʩʰʹ ˅ʨʳʰʯ ʰ˄ʳʰʴʫʬʩʨ
ʨʫʨʳʰʨʴʰʹ ʹˆʬʻʲʰ, ˀʬʳʫʬʪ ʳʬˆʹʰʬʸʬʩʰʹ ʴʨʮʰ ʽʹʵʭʰʲʬʩʰ
ʪʨʴʹʶʬʺʨʱʫʬʩʨ, ˆʵʲʵ ʨʹʬʯʰ ʳʬˆʹʰʬʸʬʩʰʯ ʶʰʸʵʭʴʬʩʨʹ
ʪʨʴʯʨʭʰʹʻʼʲʬʩʨʮʬ ʼʰʽʸʰ ˀʬʻ˃ʲʰʨ. ʿʵʭʬʲʰʭʬ ʨʳʨʹ ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ
˂ʴʵʩʰʬʸʬʩʨʳʫʬ ʳʰʭʿʨʭʨʸʯ, ʸʨ˂ ʫʾʬʭʨʴʫʬʲʰ
ʹʨʮʵʪʨʫʵʬʩʰʹʨʯʭʰʹ ʻʮʵʳʵʫ ʨʻ˂ʰʲʬʩʬʲʰʨ.

11

Tavi mesame – karma-ioga

ʲʬʽʹʰ 12
ʰʨˇʴʨʹ (ʳʹˆʭʬʸʶʲˀʬ˄ʰʸʭʰʹ) ˁʨʺʨʸʬʩʰʯ ʴʬʺʨʸʬʩʬʴ
ʴʨˆʬʭʨʸʾʳʬʸʯʬʩʰ. ʳʨʯ ʹˆʭʨʫʨʹˆʭʨ ʹʨʹʰ˂ʵ˂ˆʲʵ ʹʨ˅ʰʸʵʬʩʨʯʨ
ʻʮʸʻʴʭʬʲʿʵʼʨ ʨʭʨʲʰʨʯ ʫʨ ʨʸ ʳʵʪʨʱʲʬʩʬʴ ʨʻ˂ʰʲʬʩʬʲʹ;
ʵʾʵʴʫ ʯʻ ʯʨʭʨʫ ʺʱʩʬʩʰ ʩʵ˃ʬʩʻʲʰ ʹʰʱʬʯʰʯ ʫʨ ʹʨʴʨ˂ʭʲʵʫ
ʴʨˆʬʭʨʸʾʳʬʸʯʬʩʹ ʨʸʨʼʬʸʹ ʹʯʨʭʨʮʵʩ, ʹʨʳʨʸ˂ˆʭʰʴʵ ʽʻʸʫʰ ˆʨʸ.
ˀʰʴʨ-ʨʸʹʰ: ʴʨˆʬʭʨʸʾʳʬʸʯʬʩʰ, ʻʮʬʴʨʬʹʰ ʶʰʸʵʭʴʬʩʰʹ ʭʰˀʴʻʹ
ʴʬʩʰʹʨʳʬʩʸ ˆʬʲʫʨʹʳʻʲʴʰ, ʳʵʳʳʨʸʨʪʬʩʬʲʰ ˀʻʨʳʨʭʲʬʩʰ ʨʸʰʨʴ
˂ʵ˂ˆʨʲ ʨʸʹʬʩʬʩʯʨʴ. ʨʳʰʺʵʳ ʹʨ˅ʰʸʵʨ ʳʨʯʯʭʰʹ ʪʨʴʱʻʯʭʴʰʲʰ
ʰʨˇʴʬʩʰʹ ˀʬʹʸʻʲʬʩʨ. ʭʬʫʬʩˀʰ ʹˆʭʨʫʨʹˆʭʨ
ʴʨˆʬʭʨʸʾʳʬʸʯʬʩʰʹʨʯʭʰʹ ʪʨʴʹˆʭʨʭʬʩʻʲʰ ʳʹˆʭʬʸʶʲˀʬ˄ʰʸʭʨʨ
ʫʨ˄ʬʹʬʩʻʲʰ, ʳʨʪʸʨʳ ʹʨʩʵʲʵʵʫ ʿʭʬʲʨʼʬʸʰ ʾʳʸʯʨʬʩʸʰʭ
ʻʮʬʴʨʬʹ ʶʰʸʵʭʴʬʩʨʹʯʨʴ ʰʿʸʰʹ ʯʨʭʹ.
ʳʰʹʯʭʰʹ, ʭʰʹʨ˂ ʨʸ ʬʹʳʰʹ, ʯʻ ʭʰʴ ʨʸʰʹ ʻʮʬʴʨʬʹʰ ʶʰʸʵʭʴʬʩʨ,
ʨʸʹʬʩʵʩʹ ˀʬ˄ʰʸʭʬʩʰ ʴʨˆʬʭʨʸʾʳʬʸʯʬʩʰʹʨʯʭʰʹ. ʨʫʨʳʰʨʴʯʨ
ʪʨʴʹˆʭʨʭʬʩʻʲʰ ʳʨʺʬʸʰʨʲʻʸʰ ʯʭʰʹʬʩʬʩʰʹ ʯʨʴʨˆʳʨʫ, ʭʬʫʬʩˀʰ
ʹˆʭʨʫʨʹˆʭʨ ʹʨˆʰʹ ʰʨˇʴʬʩʰʨ ʳʵ˂ʬʳʻʲʰ. ʴʨˆʬʭʨʸʾʳʬʸʯʯʨ
ʯʨʿʭʨʴʰʹ˂ʬʳʨ˂ ʰʳʨʭʬ ʹʨʼʻ˃ʭʬʲʮʬ, ʱʬʸ˃ʵʫ ʪʨʴʹˆʭʨʭʬʩʻʲ
˄ʬʹʬʩʮʬʨ, ʫʨʳʿʨʸʬʩʻʲʰ. ʳʨʪʨʲʰʯʨʫ, ˆʵʸ˂ʰʹ ʳ˅ʨʳʬʲʯ
ʽʨʲʾʳʬʸʯ ʱʨʲʰʹ, ʳʨʺʬʸʰʨʲʻʸʰ ʩʻʴʬʩʰʹ ʹʨˀʰʴʬʲʬʩʨʯʨ
ʪʨʴʳʨʹʨˆʰʬʸʬʩʲʰʹ ʯʨʿʭʨʴʰʹ˂ʬʳʨ ʫʨ ʳʰʹʯʭʰʹ ˂ˆʵʭʬʲʯʨ ˀʬ˄ʰʸʭʨ
ˀʬʻ˃ʲʰʨʯ, ʳʨʪʸʨʳ ʳʨʯ ʭʰʴ˂ ʹʨʯʴʵʬʩʰʹ ʸʱʨʲˀʰ ʰʳʿʵʼʬʩʰʨʴ,
ʭʰˀʴʻʹ ʺʸʨʴʹ˂ʬʴʫʬʴʺʻʲʰ ʯʨʿʭʨʴʰʹ˂ʬʳʨ ʳʵʬʯˆʵʭʬʩʨ.
ʹʨʩʵʲʵʵʫ ʱʰ ʿʵʭʬʲʰ ʰʨˇʴʰʹ ʫʨʴʰˀʴʻʲʬʩʨʹ ʯʨʴʫʨʯʨʴʵʩʰʯ
ʺʸʨʴʹ˂ʬʴʫʬʴʺʻʲ ʳʫʪʵʳʨʸʬʵʩʨʳʫʬ ʨʳʨʾʲʬʩʨ ˄ʨʸʳʵʨʫʪʬʴʹ.
ʻʩʸʨʲʵ ˆʨʲˆʰʹʨʯʭʰʹ ʹʨʭʨʲʫʬʩʻʲʵʨ ˆʻʯʰ ʰʨˇʴʨ ʳʨʰʴ˂,
ʸʵʳʲʬʩʰ˂ ʶʨʴˁʨ-ʳʨˈʨ-ʰʨˇʴʨʹ ʹʨˆʬʲʰʯʨʨ ˂ʴʵʩʰʲʰ.
ʳʨʪʸʨʳ ʨʫʨʳʰʨʴʳʨ ʻʴʫʨ ʰ˂ʵʫʬʹ, ʸʵʳ ʿʭʬʲʨʼʬʸʹ, ʸʨ˂
ʹʨʮʵʪʨʫʵʬʩʰʹʯʭʰʹ ʨʸʰʹ ʨʻ˂ʰʲʬʩʬʲʰ, ʻʼʲʰʹ ˀʻʨʳʨʭʲʬʩʰ,
ʴʨˆʬʭʨʸʾʳʬʸʯʬʩʰ ʪʭʨ˄ʭʫʰʨʴ. ʳʨʪʨʲʰʯʰʹʨʯʭʰʹ ʨʰʾʬʯ ʹʨʱʭʬʩʰ:
ʳʨʸ˂ʭʲʬʻʲʰ, ˆʰʲʰ, ʩʵʹʺʴʬʻʲʰ, ʸ˃ʬ, ˀʨʽʨʸʰ ʫʨ ʨ.ˀ. ʳʨʯʯʭʰʹ,

12

Tavi mesame – karma-ioga

ʭʰʴ˂ ʹʨʯʴʵʬʩʰʹ ʸʱʨʲˀʰʨ, ʫʨ ʨʸʨʭʬʪʬʺʨʸʰʨʴʻʲʰ ʹʨʱʭʬʩʰ˂,
ʸʵʪʵʸʰ˂ʨʨ ˆʵʸ˂ʰ. ʨʹʬʭʬʨ ʹʰʯʩʵ, ʹʰʴʨʯʲʬ, ˄ʿʨʲʰ, ˈʨʬʸʰ ʫʨ
ʹʰ˂ʵ˂ˆʲʰʹʨʯʭʰʹ ʨʻ˂ʰʲʬʩʬʲʰ ʿʭʬʲʨʼʬʸʰ ʹˆʭʨ. ʨʫʨʳʰʨʴʬʩʰ
ʭʬʸ˂ ʬʸʯ ʳʨʯʪʨʴʹ ʭʬʸ ˀʬʽʳʴʰʨʴ. ʻʮʬʴʨʬʹʰ ʻʼʲʰʹ ʪʨʸʬˀʬ ʨʸ
ʰʨʸʹʬʩʬʩʹ ʳʮʰʹʨ ʫʨ ʳʯʭʨʸʰʹ ˀʻʽʰ, ˄ʭʰʳʨ, ʴʰʨʭʰ ʫʨ ʨʹʬ
ʻʹʨʹʸʻʲʵʫ. ʻʫʨʭʵʨ, ˂ˆʵʭʸʬʩʨ ʫʨʳʵʱʰʫʬʩʻʲʰʨ ʰʳʨʮʬ, ʸʨʹʨ˂
ʻʼʨʲʰ ʳʵʪʭ˂ʬʳʹ. ˁʭʬʴʰ ʹʨʳʸʬ˄ʭʬʲʵ ʹʨ˄ʨʸʳʵʬʩʰʹʯʭʰʹʨ˂
ʻʨʳʸʨʭʰ ʴʬʫʲʬʻʲʰ ʪʭ˅ʰʸʫʬʩʨ: ʲʰʯʵʴʰ, ʪʵʪʰʸʫʰ, ʹʶʰʲʬʴ˃ʰ,
ʳʨʴʪʨʴʻʳʰ ʫʨ ʶʰʸʭʬʲʨʫʰ ʳʵˆʳʨʸʬʩʰʹ ʳʸʨʭʨʲʰ ʹʨʪʨʴʰ. ʳʨʯ
ʻʼʲʰʹ ˀʻʨʳʨʭʲʬʩʰ ʪʭʨ˄ʭʫʰʨʴ ʹ˄ʵʸʨʫ ʳʵʹʨˆʳʨʸʨʫ, ʸʨʯʨ
ʹʨʱʻʯʨʸʰ ʯʨʭʰʹ ˀʬʹʨ˂ʴʵʩʨʫ ʶʰʸʵʭʴʬʩʨ ˇʨʴʹʨʾʰ ʰʿʵʹ ʫʨ
˂ˆʵʭʸʬʩʰʹ ʹʨʩʵʲʵʵ ʳʰʮʴʨʳʫʬ – ʳʨʺʬʸʰʨʲʻʸʰ
ʨʸʹʬʩʵʩʰʹʨʯʭʰʹ ʩʸ˃ʵʲʰʹʨʪʨʴ ʪʨʴʯʨʭʰʹʻʼʲʬʩʨʳʫʬ ʳʰʭʰʫʬʹ.
ʨʳ ʳʰʮʴʰʹ ʳʰʾ˄ʬʭʨ ʰʨˇʴʬʩʰʹ ˁʨʺʨʸʬʩʰʯ ˀʬʰ˃ʲʬʩʨ. ʻʫʨʵʫ
ʫʨʳʴʨˀʨʭʬ ʭʰʽʴʬʩʰʯ, ʯʻ ʫʨʭʰʭʰ˄ʿʬʩʯ ʨʫʨʳʰʨʴʰʹ ʹʰ˂ʵ˂ˆʲʰʹ
ʳʰʮʨʴʹ, ʻʼʲʰʹ ˀʻʨʳʨʭʨʲʯʨ ʴʨ˄ʿʨʲʵʩʬʭʹ ʳˆʵʲʵʫ ʹʨʱʻʯʨʸ
ʪʸ˃ʴʵʩʨʯʨ ʫʨʱʳʨʿʵʼʰʲʬʩʰʹʨʯʭʰʹ ʪʨʳʵʭʰʿʬʴʬʩʯ ʫʨ ʻʼʸʵ
ʳʬʺʨʫ ʪʨʭʬˆʭʬʭʰʯ ʳʨʺʬʸʰʨʲʻʸʰ ʿʵʼʰʬʸʬʩʰʹ ʩʨʫʬˀʰ. ʯʻ ʨʳʨʹ
ʪʨʭʨʱʬʯʬʩʯ, ʳʨʺʬʸʰʨʲʻʸʰ ʩʻʴʬʩʰʹ ʱʨʴʵʴʬʩʰʹ ʳʰʬʸ
ʫʨʭʰʹˇʬʩʰʯ. ʽʻʸʫʬʩʰ ʩʬʫʴʰʬʸʴʰ ʭʬʸʨʹʵʫʬʹ ʰʽʴʬʩʰʨʴ,
ʭʰʴʨʰʫʨʴ ʳʨʯ ˅ʬˀʳʨʸʰʺʰ ʳʰʮʨʴʰ ʨʸ ʪʨʨˁʴʰʨʯ ˂ˆʵʭʸʬʩʨˀʰ.
ʻʱʰʫʻʸʬʹʰ ʳʨʺʬʸʰʨʲʰʹʺʰ ʽʻʸʫʬʩʰ ʱʰ ʹʰ˂ʵ˂ˆʲʰʹ ʹʨʩʵʲʵʵ
ʳʰʮʨʴʹ ʻʪʻʲʭʬʩʬʲʿʵʼʬʴ, ʯʨʭʰʨʴʯ ʪʸ˃ʴʵʩʬʩʹ ʳʵʴʨʫ
ʫʨʹʫʪʵʳʰʨʴ, ʰʨˇʴʬʩʰʹ ˁʨʺʨʸʬʩʨ˂ ʨʸ ʰ˂ʰʨʴ. ʻʼʨʲʳʨ ˁʨʰʺʨʴʰʨʳ
ˀʬʳʵʰʾʵ ʻʨʫʭʰʲʬʹʰ ʰʨˇʴʨ, ʹʨʴʱʰʸʺʨʴʨ-ʰʨˇʴʨ, ʸʵʳʲʰʹ
ˀʬʹʸʻʲʬʩʨ˂ ʨʳ ʽʭʬʿʴʨʫ ˀʬʻ˃ʲʰʨ ʿʭʬʲʨʹ, ʭʰʴ˂ ʱʰ ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ
˂ʴʵʩʰʬʸʬʩʰʹ ʶʸʰʴ˂ʰʶʬʩʹ ʨʾʰʨʸʬʩʹ.
ʲʬʽʹʰ 13
ʻʼʲʰʹ ʬʸʯʪʻʲʴʰ ʨʸ ʰʺʨʴˇʬʩʰʨʴ ˂ʵʫʭʨʯʨ ʹʰʳ˃ʰʳʰʯ, ʸʨʳʬʯʻ
ʳʻʫʨʳ ʻʼʲʰʹʨʯʭʰʹ ʹʨʳˆʭʬʸʶʲʵʫ ˀʬʯʨʭʨʮʬʩʻʲ ʹʨ˅ʳʬʲʹ
ˀʬʬʽ˂ʬʭʰʨʴ, ʹˆʭʬʩʰ ʱʰ, ʸʵʳʲʬʩʰ˂ ʳˆʵʲʵʫ ʯʨʭʰʹʯʭʰʹ

13

Tavi mesame – karma-ioga

ʰʳʮʨʫʬʩʬʴ ʹʨʱʭʬʩʹ ʫʨ ʹʨʱʻʯʨʸ ˄ʨʫʰʲʹ ʨʴʬʩʰʭʸʬʩʬʴ,
˄ʨʸ˄ʿʳʬʴʫʰʹ ʻʾʬʲʹ ʰʫʪʨʳʬʴ ʱʰʹʬʸʮʬ.
ˀʰʴʨ-ʨʸʹʰ: ʸʵʪʵʸ˂ “ʩʸʨˈʳʨ-ʹʨʳˈʰʺʨˀʰʨ” ʨʾ˄ʬʸʰʲʰ (5.38)
ʻʮʬʴʨʬʹʰ ʻʼʲʰʹ ʬʸʯʪʻʲʬʩʹ, ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ ˂ʴʵʩʰʬʸʬʩʨˀʰ ʳʿʵʼʯ,
ʹʨʴʺʬʩʰ ˈʽʭʰʨʯ ʫʨ ʳʨʸʨʫ ʾʭʯʨʬʩʸʰʭʰ ʪʸ˃ʴʵʩʬʩʰʯ ʨʸʰʨʴ
ʨʾʹʨʭʹʬʴʰ: ʶʸʬʳʨʴˇʨʴʨ-ˁˈʻʸʰʺʨ-ʩˈʨʱʺʰ-ʭʰʲʵˁʨʴʬʴʨ ʹʨʴʺʨˈ
ʹʨʫʨʰʭʨ ˈʸʰʫʨʰʬˀʻ ʭʰʲʵʱʨʰʨʴʺʰ. ʹʨʴʺʬʩʹ, ʸʵʳʲʬʩʰʹ
ʻʸʯʰʬʸʯʵʩʨ ʻʮʬʴʨʬʹʯʨʴ ʳʻʫʨʳ ʹʨʹʰʿʭʨʸʻʲʵ ʯʨʴˆʳʵʩʨʮʬʨ
ʫʨʳʿʨʸʬʩʻʲʰ, ʨʸ ˀʬʻ˃ʲʰʨʯ ʪʵʭʰʴʫʨʹ (ʹʸʻʲʰ ʹʰʨʳʵʭʴʬʩʰʹ
ʳʵʳʴʰ˅ʬʩʬʲʹ), ʨʴʻ ʳʻʱʻʴʫʨʹ (ʪʨʴʯʨʭʰʹʻʼʲʬʩʰʹ ʳʵʳʴʰ˅ʬʩʬʲʹ)
ʨʴʻ ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ (ʿʵʭʲʰʹʳʰʳʮʰʫʭʬʲ ʶʰʸʵʭʴʬʩʨʹ) ˀʬʬʮʰʨʸʵʴ ʫʨ
ʳʰʰʸʯʭʨʴ ʰʹ, ʸʨ˂ ʯʨʭʰʫʨʴʭʬ ʳʰʹʯʭʰʹ ʨʸʰʹ ʹʨˆʬʲʬʩʻʲʰ, ʭʰʫʸʬ
ʳʵʱʸ˃ʨʲʬʩʰʯ ʨʸ ˀʬʹʯʨʭʨʮʬʩʬʴ ʻʼʨʲʹ.
ʰʹʰʴʰ ʬʸʯʪʻʲʰ ʹʨʳʹʨˆʻʸʰʹ ʫʨʹʺʻʸʨʫ ʳʻʫʨʳ ʨʹʸʻʲʬʩʬʴ
ʰʨˇʴʬʩʹ, ʸʵʪʵʸʰ˂ʨʨ ˀʸʨʭʨʴʨʳ, ʱʰʸʺʨʴʨʳ, ʹʳʨʸʨʴʨʳ, ʨʸˁʨʴʨʳ ʫʨ
ʨ.ˀ. ʸʵʳʬʲʯʨ ˄ʿʨʲʵʩʰʯ ʰʹʰʴʰ ʪʨʴʸʰʫʬʩʻʲʴʰ ʨʸʰʨʴ ʳʰ˄ʰʬʸ,
˂ʵʫʭʰʲ ʻʸʯʰʬʸʯʵʩʬʩʹ; ʨʸʰʨʴ ʰʹʬʯʬʩʰ˂, ʸʵʳʲʬʩʰ˂ ʹʨ˅ʳʬʲʹ
ʹʨʱʻʯʨʸ ʯʨʭʹ ʻʳʮʨʫʬʩʬʴ ʫʨ ˆʨʸʩʨʫ ˀʬʬʽ˂ʬʭʰʨʴ ʪʸ˃ʴʵʩʨʯʨ
ʹʨʨʳʬʩʲʨʫ. ʰʹʰʴʰ ʨʸʨ ʳˆʵʲʵʫ ʳʶʨʸʨʭʴʰ ʨʸʰʨʴ, ʨʸʨʳʬʫ
ʨʯʨʹʪʭʨʸʰ ˂ʵʫʭʰʹ ʳʵʽʳʬʫʴʰ˂. ʳʨʯ ʩʬʫʴʰʬʸʬʩʨ ʭʬʸʨʹʵʫʬʹ
ʬʾʰʸʹʬʩʨʯ. ʨʳʰʺʵʳ ˆʨʲˆʰ ʹʸʻʲ ʩʬʫʴʰʬʸʬʩʨʹ ʸʵʳ ʬ˄ʰʵʹ,
ʻʴʫʨ ʰʹ˄ʨʭʲʵʹ ʹʨʴʱʰʸʺʨʴʨ-ʰʨˇʴʨʹ ʳʨʸʺʰʭʰ ʶʸʵ˂ʬʹʰʹ
ˀʬʹʸʻʲʬʩʨ ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ ˂ʴʵʩʰʬʸʬʩʨˀʰ. ʨʳʰʹ ʻʨʸʳʿʵʼʬʲʰ ˆʨʲˆʰ
ʭʬʸ˂ ʳˀʭʰʫʵʩʨʹ ʫʨ ʭʬʸ˂ ˄ʨʸʳʨʺʬʩʨʹ ʭʬʸ ʳʵʰʶʵʭʬʩʹ.
ʲʬʽʹʰ 14
ʿʵʭʬʲʰ ˂ʵ˂ˆʨʲʰ ʨʸʹʬʩʰʹ ʹʨʮʸʫʵʹ ˄ʭʰʳʨ ˄ʨʸʳʵʽʳʴʰʹ, ˄ʭʰʳʨ
ʰʨˇʴʨʹ (ʳʹˆʭʬʸʶʲˀʬ˄ʰʸʭʰʹ) ˀʬʹʸʻʲʬʩʨʹ ʳʵˈʿʭʬʩʨ, ʰʨˇʴʨʹ ʱʰ
ʫʨ˄ʬʹʬʩʻʲʰ ʳʵʭʨʲʬʵʩʬʩʰʹ ʨʾʹʸʻʲʬʩʨ ˀʵʩʹ.
ˀʰʴʨ-ʨʸʹʰ: “ʩˈʨʪʨʭʨʫ-ʪʰʺʨʹ” ʫʰʨʫʰ ʱʵʳʬʴʺʨʺʵʸʰ ˀʸʰʲʨ
ʩʨʲʨʫʬʭʨ ʭʰʫʰʨʩˈʻˀʨʴʨ ˄ʬʸʹ: ʰʬ ʰʴʫʸʰʨʫʰ-ʨʴʪʨʺʨʰʨʭʨʹʯˈʰʺʨʳ
ʰʨˇʴʨʳ ʹʨʸʭʬˀʭʨʸʨʳ ʭʰˀʴʻʳ ʨʩˈʰʨʸˁʰʨ ʺʨˁ-ˁˈʬˀʨʳ ʨˀʴʨʴʺʰ ʺʬʴʨ

14

Tavi mesame – karma-ioga

ʺʨʫ ʫʬˈʨ-ʰʨʺʸʨʳ ʹʨʶʸʨˈʰʨʴʺʰ, ʺʬ ʹʨʴʺʨˈ ʹʨʸʭʬˀʭʨ-ʸʨʹʰʨ ʰʨˇʴʨʶʻʸʻˀʨʹʰʨ ʩˈʨʱʺʨˈ ʹʨʸʭʨ-ʱʰʲʩʰˀʨʰʸ ʨʴʨʫʰ-ʱʨʲʨ-ʭʰʭʸʰʫʫˈʨʰʸ
ʨʺʳʨ ʴʻʩˈʨʭʨ-ʶʸʵʨʺʰʩʨʴʫˈʨʱʨʰʸ ʴʰʽˈʰʲʨʰˈ ʶʨʶʨʰʸ ʭʰʳʻˁʰʨʴʺʬ.
ʻʮʬʴʨʬʹʰ ʻʼʨʲʰ ʰʨˇʴʨ-ʶʻʸʻˀʨ, ʨʴʻ ʰʹ, ʭʰʹʨ˂ ʶʰʸʨʫʨʫ
ʬ˃ʾʭʴʬʩʨ ʳʯʬʲʰ ʳʹˆʭʬʸʶʲˀʬ˄ʰʸʭʬʩʰ, ʩʨʺʵʴʰʨ, ʿʵʭʬʲʰ
ʴʨˆʬʭʨʸʾʳʬʸʯʰʹʨ, ʸʵʳʲʬʩʰ˂ ʰʹʬʭʬ ʬʳʹʨˆʻʸʬʩʰʨʴ ʳʨʹ, ʸʵʪʵʸ˂
ʱʰʫʻʸʬʩʰʹ – ʳʯʬʲ ʹˆʬʻʲʹ. ʴʨˆʬʭʨʸʾʳʬʸʯʬʩʰ: ʰʴʫʸʨ, ˁʨʴʫʸʨ
ʫʨ ʭʨʸʻʴʨ ʳʨʺʬʸʰʨʲʻʸʰ ʹʨʽʳʬʬʩʰʹ ʪʨʳʸʰʪʬʫ ʨʸʰʨʴ
ʫʨʴʰˀʴʻʲʰ. ʭʬʫʬʩʰʹ ˀʬʹʨʩʨʳʰʹʨʫ, ʳʹˆʭʬʸʶʲˀʬ˄ʰʸʭʬʩʰ ʰʹʬ
ʬ˄ʿʵʩʨ, ʸʵʳ ʬʹ ʴʨˆʬʭʨʸʾʳʬʸʯʬʩʰ ʴʨʹʰʨʳʵʭʴʬʩʰ ʫʨʸˁʴʬʴ ʫʨ
ʪʭʰʩʵ˃ʵʴ ʹʨʱʳʨʸʰʹʰ ˈʨʬʸʰ, ʹʰʴʨʯʲʬ ʫʨ ˄ʿʨʲʰ, ʸʨʯʨ ʹʨʱʭʬʩʰ
ʳʨʸ˂ʭʲʬʻʲʰ ʨʾʳʵ˂ʬʴʫʬʹ. ʸʵʫʬʹʨ˂ ʯʨʿʭʨʴʹ ʭ˂ʬʳʯ ʻʼʨʲ
ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ, ʯʨʭʰʹʯʨʭʨʫ ʯʨʿʭʨʴʹ ʭ˂ʬʳʯ ʴʨˆʬʭʨʸʾʳʬʸʯʬʩʹʨ˂,
ʸʵʳʬʩʰ˂ ʻʼʲʰʹ ʱʰʫʻʸʬʩʹ ˈʪʭʨʴʨʴ.
ʹʨ˅ʰʸʵ ʨʸ ʨʸʰʹ ʴʨˆʬʭʨʸʾʳʬʸʯʯʨ ˂ʨʲʱ-˂ʨʲʱʬ ʯʨʿʭʨʴʰʹ˂ʬʳʨ.
ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ ˂ʴʵʩʰʬʸʬʩʨˀʰ ʳʿʵʼʰ ʬʸʯʪʻʲʬʩʰ ʹʯʨʭʨʮʵʩʬʴ ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ
ʹʨʱʭʬʩʹ ʫʨ ˀʬʳʫʬʪ ʯʨʭʨʫ ʳʰʰʸʯʳʬʭʬʴ. ʬʹ ʶʸʵ˂ʬʹʰ ʹˆʬʻʲʹ ʨʸʨ
ʳˆʵʲʵʫ ˄ʨʸʹʻʲ ˂ʵʫʭʨʯʨʪʨʴ ʪʨʴ˄ʳʬʴʫʹ, ʨʸʨʳʬʫ ʰ˂ʨʭʹ ʱʰʫʬ˂
ʿʵʭʬʲʪʭʨʸʰ ʿʵʼʰʯʰ ʻ˄ʳʰʴʫʻʸʬʩʰʹʨʪʨʴ. ʬʶʰʫʬʳʰʰʹ ʫʸʵʹ
ʨʴʺʰʹʬʶʺʰʱʻʸʰ ʨ˂ʸʨ ʨʫʨʳʰʨʴʹ ʰ˂ʨʭʹ ʹʨˆʨʫʰʹʨʪʨʴ. ʹ˄ʵʸʬʫ ʨʹʬʭʬ,
ʯʻʱʰ ʻʼʨʲ ʭʰˀʴʻʹ ˀʬʭʯʨʭʨʮʬʩʯ ʹʨ˅ʳʬʲʹ ʫʨ ˀʬʫʬʪ
ʳʰʭʰʸʯʳʬʭʯ ʳʨʹ, ʬʹ ʿʵʭʬʲʪʭʨʸʰ ʳʰ˄ʰʬʸʰ ʹʴʬʻʲʬʩʰʹʨʫʳʰ
˄ʰʴʨʨʾʳʫʬʪʵʩʰʹ ʪʨ˄ʬʭʰʹ ʻʴʨʸʹ ʳʵʪʭʨʴʰ˅ʬʩʹ; ʳʨʹ, ʭʰʹʨ˂ ʨʳʪʭʨʸʰ
ʹʨʽʳʰʨʴʵʩʨ ˁʭʬʭʨʫ ʪʨʻˆʫʰʨ, ʻʼʲʰʹ ʬʸʯʪʻʲʰ ʬ˄ʵʫʬʩʨ. ʨʳʰʺʵʳ
ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ ˂ʴʵʩʰʬʸʬʩˀʰ ʳʿʵʼ ʶʰʸʵʭʴʬʩʨʹ, ʸʵʳʬʲʰ˂ ʳˆʵʲʵʫ
ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹʨʫʳʰ ˀʬʯʨʭʨʮʬʩʻʲʰ ʹʨʱʭʬʩʰʯ ʰʱʭʬʩʬʩʨ, ʸʵʪʵʸ˂
ʭʯʽʭʰʯ, ˀʬʻ˃ʲʰʨ ˄ʨʸʹʻʲ ʳʰ˄ʰʬʸ ʹʴʬʩʨʯʨ ˀʬʫʬʪʬʩʰʹ
ʪʨʽʨʸ˄ʿʲʬʩʨ, ʸʵʳʲʬʩʰ˂ ʫʨʩʸʱʵʲʬʩʨʹ ʻʽʳʴʰʨʴ
ʯʭʰʯʸʬʨʲʰʮʨ˂ʰʰʹ ʪʮʨʮʬ ˄ʨʸʳʨʺʬʩʻʲ ʹʭʲʨʹ.
ʳʬʵʸʬ ʳˆʸʰʭ, ʭʰʴ˂ ʨʹʬ ʨʸ ʰʽ˂ʬʭʨ, ˂ʵʫʭʨʹ ˂ʵʫʭʨʹ ʻʳʨʺʬʩʹ ʫʨ
ʹʨʳʵʳʨʭʲʵʫ ʾʵʸʰʹ ʨʴ ˃ʨʾʲʰʹ ʹˆʬʻʲʹ ʰʳʮʨʫʬʩʹ ʳʬʺʨʫ
ʹʨʺʨʴˇʭʬʲʨʫ. ʳʨʺʬʸʰʨʲʻʸʰ ʹʨʳʿʨʸʵ ʻ˄ʳʰʴʫʻʸʵʩʰʯʨʨ ʹʨʭʹʬ

15

Tavi mesame – karma-ioga

ʫʨ ʰʹ, ʭʰʴ˂ ʫʨ˂ʻʲʰʨ ʻʼʲʰʹ ʶʸʨʹʨʫʰʹ (ʭʰˀʴʻʹʨʫʳʰ
ˀʬʯʨʭʨʮʬʩʻʲʰ ʹʨ˅ʳʲʰʯ) ʾʭʯʨʬʩʸʰʭʰ ˃ʨʲʰʯ, ʪʨʫʨʻʸˁʬʩʨ
ʪʨʴʹʨ˂ʫʬʲʹ, ʹˆʭʬʩʰ ʱʰ ʳʰ˄ʰʬʸʬʩʰʯ ʫʨʾʫʨʹʳʻʲʴʰ
ʫʨʰʺʨʴˇʬʩʰʨʴ.
ʹʻʼʯʨ ʫʨ ˄ʳʰʴʫʨ ʹʨʱʭʬʩʰ ʨʫʨʳʰʨʴʰʹʨʯʭʰʹ ʨʸʰʹ ʨʯʨʹʪʭʨʸʰ
ʳʨʸ˂ʭʲʬʻʲʰ, ʩʵʹʺʴʬʻʲʰ, ˆʰʲʰ ʫʨ ʹˆʭʨ, ˂ˆʵʭʬʲʬʩʰ ʱʰ
ʳʨʸ˂ʭʲʬʻʲʹ, ˆʰʲʹ, ʩʨʲʨˆʹ, ʳ˂ʬʴʨʸʬʯʨ ʫʨ ʩʨʲʨˆʬʻʲ
ʴʨʸˁʬʴʬʩʹ ˀʬʬʽ˂ʬʭʰʨʴ. ˆʵʸ˂ʰʹ ˅ʨʳʨʹ ʳʰˁʭʬʻʲʰ ʨʫʨʳʰʨʴʬʩʰ˂
ʳ˂ʬʴʨʸʬʻʲʮʬ ʪʨʮʸʫʰʲ ˂ˆʵʭʬʲʬʩʹ ʰʿʬʴʬʩʬʴ. ʨʳʰʺʵʳ
ʹʨʩʵʲʵʵʫ ʳʨʰʴ˂ ˁʭʬʴ ʿʭʬʲʨ ʫʨʳʵʱʰʫʬʩʻʲʰ ʭʨʸʯ ʳʰ˄ʰʹ
ʳʵʹʨʭʨʲʮʬ ʫʨ ʨʸʨ ʫʰʫʰ ʽʨʸˆʴʬʩʰʹ ʴʨ˄ʨʸʳʮʬ. ˂ʰʫʨʴ ˄ʭʰʳʰʯ
ʳʵʸ˄ʿʻʲʰ ʿʨʴʨ ʳʵʹʨʭʨʲʹ ʰ˃ʲʬʭʨ. ˄ʭʰʳʬʩʹ ʱʰ ʪʨʴʨʪʬʩʬʴ ʰʴʫʸʨ,
ʳʮʰʹ, ʳʯʭʨʸʰʹ ʴʨˆʬʭʨʸʾʳʬʸʯʬʩʰ ʫʨ ʹˆʭʨʴʰ. ʿʵʭʬʲʰ ʳʨʯʪʨʴʰ
ʻʼʲʰʹ ʳʹʨˆʻʸʰʨ, ʻʼʲʰʹ ˄ʿʨʲʵʩʨ ʳʹˆʭʬʸʶʲˀʬ˄ʰʸʭʬʩʰʯ ʻʴʫʨ
ʳʵʭʰʶʵʭʵʯ. ʭʰʴ˂ ʻʨʸʹ ʨʳʩʵʩʹ ʳʨʯ ˀʬʹʸʻʲʬʩʨʮʬ, ʪʨʴʹʨ˂ʫʬʲˀʰ
ʨʾʳʵˁʴʫʬʩʨ; ʨʹʬʯʰʨ ʩʻʴʬʩʰʹ ʱʨʴʵʴʰ. ʨʳʰʺʵʳ ʰʨˇʴʨ,
ʪʨʴʹʨʱʻʯʸʬʩʰʯ ʱʰ ʨʳ ʬʶʵʽʰʹʨʯʭʰʹ ʫʨ˄ʬʹʬʩʻʲʰ ʹʨʴʱʰʸʺʨʴʨʰʨˇʴʨ, ʰʳʰʹʨʯʭʰʹ ʳʨʰʴ˂ ʻʴʫʨ ˀʬʭʨʹʸʻʲʵʯ, ʸʵʳ ʹʨʱʭʬʩʰ
ʹʨʱʳʨʸʰʹʨʫ ʪʭʽʵʴʫʬʹ.
ʲʬʽʹʰ 15
ʳʵ˄ʬʹʸʰʪʬʩʻʲʰ ʹʨʽʳʰʨʴʵʩʨ ʫʨ˄ʬʹʬʩʻʲʰʨ ʭʬʫʬʩˀʰ, ʭʬʫʬʩʰ ʱʰ
ʻˀʻʨʲʵʫ ʻʮʬʴʨʬʹʰ ʾʳʸʯʨʬʩʸʰʭʰ ʶʰʸʵʭʴʬʩʰʹ ʪʨʳʵʭʲʰʴʬʩʨʨ,
ʨʳʰʺʵʳ ʳʹˆʭʬʸʶʲˀʬ˄ʰʸʭʨˀʰ ʻˀʻʨʲʵʫ ʹʻʼʬʭʹ ʳʨʸʨʫʳʿʵʼʰ,
ʿʵʭʲʰʹʪʨʳ˅ʵʲʰ ʩʸʨˈʳʨʴʰ.
ˀʰʴʨ-ʨʸʹʰ: ʨʳ ʲʬʽʹˀʰ ʻʼʸʵ ʪʨʸʱʭʬʭʰʯ ʨʸʰʹ ʫʨˆʨʹʰʨʯʬʩʻʲʰ
ʰʨˇʴʨʸʯˈʨ-ʱʨʸʳʨ, ʨʴʻ ʳˆʵʲʵʫ ʱʸʰˀʴʨ ʫʨʹʨʱʳʨʿʵʼʰʲʬʩʲʨʫ
ˀʸʵʳʰʹ ʨʻ˂ʰʲʬʩʲʵʩʨ. ʸʨʱʰ ˀʸʵʳʨ ʰʨˇʴʨ-ʶʻʸʻˀʨʹ, ʭʰˀʴʻʹ,
ʹʰʨʳʵʭʴʬʩʰʹʨʯʭʰʹ ʨʸʰʹ ʪʨʴʱʻʯʭʴʰʲʰ, ʹʨ˅ʰʸʵʨ ʩʸʨˈʳʨʴʰʯ, ʨʴʻ
ʺʸʨʴʹ˂ʬʴʫʬʴʺʻʸʰ ʭʬʫʬʩʰʯ ˆʬʲʳ˃ʾʭʨʴʬʲʵʩʨ. ʭʬʫʬʩʰ
ˀʸʵʳʰʹʨʯʭʰʹ ʹʨ˅ʰʸʵ ʱʨʴʵʴʯʨ ʱʸʬʩʻʲʰʨ. ʿʵʭʬʲʪʭʨʸʰ
ʹʨʽʳʰʨʴʵʩʨ, ʸʨ˂ ʨʳ ˄ʳʰʴʫʨ ˄ʰʪʴʰʹ ʳʰʯʰʯʬʩʬʩʰʹ ʯʨʴʨˆʳʨʫ ʨʸ

16

Tavi mesame – karma-ioga

ʹʸʻʲʫʬʩʨ, ʭʰʱʨʸʳʨ, ʨʴʻ ʨʱʸ˃ʨʲʻʲʰʨ ʫʨ ˂ʵʫʭʰʲʰ ˀʸʵʳʨ
ʬ˄ʵʫʬʩʨ. ʨʫʨʳʰʨʴʬʩʰ ʿʵʭʬʲʯʭʰʹ ʻʴʫʨ ˆʬʲʳ˃ʾʭʨʴʬʲʵʩʫʴʬʴ
ʭʬʫʬʩʰʯ, ʸʨʯʨ ˂ʵʫʭʰʲʰ ˀʸʵʳʰʹ ʪʨʭʲʬʴʰʹʨʪʨʴ ʭʰˆʹʴʨʯ ʯʨʭʰ.
ˁʭʬʻʲʬʩʸʰʭ, ʨʫʨʳʰʨʴʰ ʹʨˆʬʲʳ˄ʰʼʵ ʱʨʴʵʴʬʩʰʹ ʳʰˆʬʫʭʰʯ ʻʴʫʨ
ʳʵʽʳʬʫʬʩʫʬʹ, ʳʨʪʸʨʳ ʻʼʲʰʹ ʻʳʨʾʲʬʹ ˆʬʲʳ˃ʾʭʨʴʬʲʵʩʨʹ, ʳʰʹ
ʳʰʯʰʯʬʩʬʩʹ, ʸˁʬʭʬʩʹ ʴʰʨʫʨʪ ʻʴʫʨ ʬʳʵʸˁʰʲʬʩʵʫʬʹ! ʭʬʫʬʩˀʰ
ʳʵ˂ʬʳʻʲʰ ʨʹʬʯʰ ʳʰʯʰʯʬʩʨʴʰ ʻˀʻʨʲʵʫ ʻʮʬʴʨʬʹʰ
ʾʳʸʯʨʬʩʸʰʭʰ ʶʰʸʵʭʴʬʩʰʹ ʹʻʴʯʽʭʰʯ ʭʲʰʴʫʬʩʨ. ʴʨʯʽʭʨʳʰʨ,
“ʵʯˆʰ ʭʬʫʨ, ʱʬʸ˃ʵʫ “ʸʰʪ ʭʬʫʨ”, “ʰʨˇʻʸ ʭʬʫʨ”, “ʹʨʳʨ ʭʬʫʨ” ʫʨ
“ʨʯˈʨʸʭʨ ʭʬʫʨ”, ʫʰʨʫʰ ʾʳʸʯʨʬʩʸʰʭʰ ʶʰʸʵʭʴʬʩʰʹ ʹʻʴʯʽʭʰʹʪʨʴ
ʳʵʳʫʰʴʨʸʬʵʩʹ” (“ʩʸʰˈʨʫ-ʨʸʨʴʰʨʱʨ ʻʶʨʴʰˀʨʫʰ”, 4.5.11).
ʸʨʫʪʨʴ ʻʼʨʲʰ ʿʵʭʲʰʹʳʵʽʳʬʫʰʨ, ˀʬʻ˃ʲʰʨ ʹʨʯʽʳʬʲʰ
ʪʨʫʳʵʪʭ˂ʬʹ ʹʻʴʯʽʭʰʯ. ʬʹ ʫʨʫʨʹʺʻʸʬʩʻʲʰʨ “ʩʸʨˈʳʨʹʨʳˈʰʺʨˀʰ”. ʻʼʲʰʹ ˃ʨʲʨ ʰʳʫʬʴʨʫ ʳʸʨʭʨʲʳˆʸʰʭʰʨ, ʸʵʳ
ʹˆʬʻʲʰʹ ʴʬʩʰʹʳʰʬʸʰ ʴʨ˄ʰʲʰʯ ˀʬʻ˃ʲʰʨ ʫʨʴʨʸˁʬʴ ʴʨ˄ʰʲʯʨ
ʳʵʽʳʬʫʬʩʰʹ ˀʬʹʸʻʲʬʩʨ. ʬ.ʰ. ʻʼʨʲʹ ˀʬʻ˃ʲʰʨ ʹʻʴʯʽʭʰʯ
ʰʲʨʶʨʸʨʱʵʹ, ʹʰ˂ʵ˂ˆʲʬ ʯʭʨʲʬʩʰʯ ˁʨʹʨˆʵʹ: ʳʨʴ ˆʵʳ ʳˆʵʲʵʫ
ʯʭʨʲʰ ʳʵʨʭʲʵ ʳʨʺʬʸʰʨʲʻʸ ʩʻʴʬʩʨʹ ʫʨ ʨʹʬ ʨʾʨʭʹʵ ʰʪʰ
ʿʵʭʬʲʰ ˂ʵ˂ˆʨʲʰ ʨʸʹʬʩʰʯ. ˀʬʳʫʬʪ ʱʰ ʭʬʫʻʸ ʳʵ˃ʾʭʸʬʩʨʫ
ʳʵʪʭ˂ʨ ʳʰʯʰʯʬʩʬʩʰ ʰʳʰʹ ʯʨʵʩʨʮʬ, ʯʻ ʸʵʪʵʸ ʻʴʫʨ
ʫʨʩʸʻʴʫʴʬʴ ʬʹ ʹʻʲʬʩʰ ʶʰʸʭʬʲʹʨʳʿʵʼʬʲˀʰ, ʾʳʬʸʯʯʨʴ.
ʳʨʸʨʫ ʪʭʨˆʹʵʭʫʬʹ, ʸʵʳ ʳʨʺʬʸʰʨʲʻʸ ʹʨʳʿʨʸʵˀʰ ʨʸʹʬʩʻʲʰ
ʿʵʭʬʲʰ ʪʨʴʶʰʸʵʩʬʩʻʲʰ ʹʻʲʰ ˆʵʸ˂ʰʹʳʰʬʸ ʹʰʨʳʵʭʴʬʩʨʹ
ʬʹ˄ʸʨʼʭʰʹ. ʭʬʫʻʸʰ ʳʰʯʰʯʬʩʬʩʰ ʰʹʬʨ ʨʪʬʩʻʲʰ, ʸʵʳ ˂ʵ˂ˆʨʲ
ʨʸʹʬʩʨʹ ˀʬʻ˃ʲʰʨ ʯʨʭʰʹʰ ʳʨʴʱʰʬʸʰ ʹʻʸʭʰʲʬʩʰ ʫʨʰʱʳʨʿʵʼʰʲʵʹ,
ʳʨʪʸʨʳ ʨʳ ʬʪʸʬʯ˄ʵʫʬʩʻʲʰ ʹʰʨʳʵʭʴʬʩʰʹ ʫʨʹʸʻʲʬʩʰʹ ˀʬʳʫʬʪ
ʹʨˀʻʨʲʬʩʨ ʬ˃ʲʬʭʨ, ʫʨʻʩʸʻʴʫʬʹ ʾʳʬʸʯʹ. ʬʹ ʪʨʴʯʨʭʰʹʻʼʲʬʩʰʹ
ˀʬʹʨ˃ʲʬʩʲʵʩʨ ʨʫʨʳʰʨʴʬʩʳʨ ʳʯʬʲʰ ʪʻʲʳʵʫʪʰʴʬʩʰʯ ʻʴʫʨ
ʪʨʳʵʰʿʬʴʵʴ – ʻʴʫʨ ʪʨˆʫʴʬʴ ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ ˂ʴʵʩʰʬʸʴʰ ʫʨ ˀʬʨʹʸʻʲʵʴ
ʰʨˇʴʨ. ʳʨʯʨ˂ ʱʰ, ʭʰʴ˂ ʨʸ ʨʹʸʻʲʬʩʹ ʭʬʫʻʸ ʫʨʴʨ˄ʬʹʬʩʹ,
ˀʬʻ˃ʲʰʨʯ ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ ˂ʴʵʩʰʬʸʬʩʰʹ ʶʸʰʴ˂ʰʶʬʩʰʹ ʳʰʾʬʩʨ, ʬʹ ʳʨʯ

17

Tavi mesame – karma-ioga

ʭʬʫʻʸʰ ʰʨˇʴʬʩʰʹ ˀʬʹʸʻʲʬʩʰʹ ʳʨʪʰʭʸʵʩʨʹ ʪʨʻ˄ʬʭʹ ʫʨ
ʪʨʴʯʨʭʰʹʻʼʲʬʩʰʹ ʳʨʫʲʹ ʨʮʰʨʸʬʩʹ.
ʲʬʽʹʰ 16
ˁʬʳʵ ˃ʭʰʸʼʨʹʵ ʨʸˇʻʴʨ, ʵ, ʶʸʰʯˈʨʹ ˀʭʰʲʵ, ʰʹ, ʭʰʴ˂
ʹʰ˂ʵ˂ˆʲʬˀʰ ʨʸ ʳʰˈʿʭʬʩʨ ʭʬʫʬʩʰʹ ʳʰʬʸ ʫʨ˄ʬʹʬʩʻʲʰ
ʳʹˆʭʬʸʶʲˀʬ˄ʰʸʭʰʹ ˂ʰʱʲʹ, ʻʯʻʵʫ ʫʰʫʨʫ ʰʳ˃ʰʳʬʩʹ ˂ˆʵʭʸʬʩʨʹ
˂ʵʫʭʬʩʰʯ. ʸʨʵʫʬʴ ʼʻ˅ʰʨ ʳʰʹʰ, ʸʵʪʵʸ˂ ʹʨʱʻʯʨʸ ʪʸ˃ʴʵʩʨʯʨ
ʳʵʴʰʹ, ˂ˆʵʭʸʬʩʨ, ʸʨʫʪʨʴ ʳˆʵʲʵʫ ʳʨʯ ʫʨʱʳʨʿʵʼʰʲʬʩʨˀʰ
ˆʬʫʨʭʹ ʹʰ˂ʵ˂ˆʲʰʹ ʨʮʸʹ.
ˀʰʴʨ-ʨʸʹʰ: ʨʽ ʻʼʨʲʰ ʪʳʵʩʹ “ʳ˃ʰʳʬ ˀʸʵʳʰʹʨ ʫʨ ʪʸ˃ʴʵʩʨʯʨ
ʫʨʱʳʨʿʵʼʰʲʬʩʰʹ” ʱʬʸʶʨʫʳʽ˂ʬʭʬʲʯʨ – ʳʨʳʵʴʰʹʺʯʨ
ʼʰʲʵʹʵʼʰʨʹ. ʫʨ ʨʹʱʭʴʰʹ, ʸʵʳ ʭʰʹʨ˂ ʨʸ ʻʴʫʨ ʳʵʰʱʲʵʹ
ʨʳʽʭʬʿʴʰʻʸʰ ʹʰʨʳʺʱʩʰʲʵʩʨ, ʪʨʸʫʻʭʨʲʨʫ ʨʻ˂ʰʲʬʩʬʲʰʨ
ʮʬʳʵˆʹʬʴʬʩʻʲ ʰʨˇʴʨʯʨ ˀʬʹʸʻʲʬʩʨ. ʰʹ, ʭʰʴ˂ ʨʹʬʯ ʫʨʴʨ˄ʬʹʹ ʨʸ
ʰ˂ʨʭʹ, ʫʰʫ ʮʰʨʴʹ ʨʿʬʴʬʩʹ ʯʨʭʹ, ʻʼʸʵ ʫʨ ʻʼʸʵ ʳʰʬʽʨʴʬʩʨ
ʳʵʲʰʶʻʲʰ ʪʮʰʯ.
ʩʻʴʬʩʰʹ ʱʨʴʵʴʰʹ ʯʨʴʨˆʳʨʫ, ʨʫʨʳʰʨʴʰʹ ʹʰ˂ʵ˂ˆʲʰʹ ʼʵʸʳʨ,
ʸʵʳʬʲʹʨ˂ ʰʪʰ ʨʳʷʨʳʨʫ ʼʲʵʩʹ, ʹʨʪʨʴʪʬʩʵʫ ʪʨʴʱʻʯʭʴʰʲʰʨ
ʯʭʰʯʸʬʨʲʰʮʨ˂ʰʰʹʨʯʭʰʹ, ʸʰʹ ʳʰʾ˄ʬʭʨ˂ ʳʨʹ ʹʨʳʰ ʪʮʰʫʨʴ ʬʸʯʬʸʯʰʹ: ʱʨʸʳʨ-ʰʵʪʨʹ, ˇʴʨʴʨ-ʰʵʪʨʹ ʨʴ ʩˈʨʽʺʰ-ʰʵʪʨʹ ʳʬˀʭʬʩʰʯ
ˀʬʻ˃ʲʰʨ. ʮʬʳʵʯ ʴʨˆʹʬʴʬʩʰ ʰʨˇʴʬʩʰʹ ˂ʰʱʲʰʹ ʪʨʴʻˆʸʬʲʨʫ
ˀʬʹʸʻʲʬʩʨ ʨʻ˂ʰʲʬʩʬʲʰ ʨʸ ʨʸʰʹ ʰʳ
ʺʸʨʴʹ˂ʬʴʫʬʴʺʨʲʰʹʺʬʩʰʹʯʭʰʹ, ʸʵʳʲʬʩʰ˂ ʮʴʬʵʩʸʰʵʩʨʳʨʴʱʰʬʸʬʩʰʹ ʪʨʴʹˇʰʹ ʳʰʾʳʨ ʫʪʨʴʨʴ; ʳʨʪʸʨʳ ʳʨʯʯʭʰʹ, ʭʰʴ˂
ʹʨʱʻʯʨʸ ʹʻʸʭʰʲʬʩʹ ʿʻʸʳʵ˅ʸʰʲ ʿʳʨʫ ʻʫʪʨʴʨʴ, ʹʨ˅ʰʸʵʨ
ʮʬʳʵʯ ʴʨˆʹʬʴʬʩ ʳʹˆʭʬʸʶʲˀʬ˄ʰʸʭʨʯʨ ˀʬʹʸʻʲʬʩʰʯ ʪʨʴ˄ʳʬʴʫʨ.
ʨʸʹʬʩʵʩʹ ʹˆʭʨʫʨʹˆʭʨ ʹʨˆʰʹ ʹʨʽʳʰʨʴʵʩʨ. ʰʹʰʴʰ, ʭʰʴ˂ ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ
˂ʴʵʩʰʬʸʴʰ ʨʸ ʨʸʰʨʴ, ʨʻ˂ʰʲʬʩʬʲʨʫ ʳʰ˄ʰʬʸʰ, ʿʵʼʰʯʰ
ʰʴʺʬʸʬʹʬʩʰʯ ʳʵʽʳʬʫʬʩʬʴ; ʨʳʰʺʵʳ ʳʨʯ ʸʨʰʳʬ ʾʭʯʰʹʳʵʹʨʭʰ
ʹʨʽʳʰʹ ˀʬʹʸʻʲʬʩʨ˂ ʹ˅ʰʸʫʬʩʨʯ. ʹ˄ʵʸʬʫ ʰʨˇʴʨʹ ʹʰʹʺʬʳʨʨ
ʨʳʰʹʯʭʰʹ ʹʨʹʨʸʪʬʩʲʵ. ʰʪʰ ʰʹʬʨ ʳʵ˄ʿʵʩʰʲʰ, ʸʵʳ ˀʬʰ˃ʲʬʩʨ

18

Tavi mesame – karma-ioga

ʨʹʬʯʳʨ ʶʰʸʵʭʴʬʩʨʳ ʹʨʱʻʯʨʸʰ ʹʻʸʭʰʲʬʩʰ ʰʳ ˀʸʵʳʨˀʰ
ˁʨʻʯʸʬʭʲʨʫ ʫʨʰʱʳʨʿʵʼʰʲʵʹ, ʸʨ˂ ʹ˄ʵʸʬʫ ˆʵʸ˂ʰʬʲʰ
ʹʰʨʳʵʭʴʬʩʰʹʨʯʭʰʹ ʹʸʻʲʫʬʩʨ.
ʳʹʵʼʲʰʵʹ ʨʿʭʨʭʬʩʨ ʫʨʳʵʱʰʫʬʩʻʲʰʨ ʨʸʨ ˁʭʬʴʹ ʳ˂ʫʬʲʵʩʬʩʮʬ,
ʨʸʨʳʬʫ ʻˆʰʲʨʭʰ ʻʮʬʴʨʬʹʰ ʻʼʲʰʹ ʹʰʹʺʬʳʨʮʬ, ʸʵʳʬʲʹʨ˂
ʻˀʻʨʲʵʫ ʴʨˆʬʭʨʸʾʳʬʸʯʬʩʰ ʳʨʸʯʨʭʬʴ. ʰʨˇʴʬʩʰ ʱʰ ʭʬʫʬʩˀʰ
ʴʨˆʹʬʴʬʩ ʴʨˆʬʭʨʸʾʳʬʸʯʬʩʹ ʬ˃ʾʭʴʬʩʨ.
ʰʨˇʴʬʩʰ ʨʸʨʶʰʸʫʨʶʰʸ ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ ˂ʴʵʩʰʬʸʬʩʨʹʯʨʴ ʳʰʨˆʲʬʩʰʹ
ʶʸʵ˂ʬʹʰʨ, ʭʰʴʨʰʫʨʴ ʳʨʯ ˀʬʹʸʻʲʬʩʨˀʰ ʪʨ˄ʨʼʭʰʹ ˄ʿʨʲʵʩʰʯ
˂ʵ˂ˆʨʲʰ ʨʸʹʬʩʨ ʨʻ˂ʰʲʬʩʲʨʫ ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ ˂ʴʵʩʰʬʸʰ ʪʨˆʫʬʩʨ. ʯʻ
ʨʳ ˀʬʳʯˆʭʬʭʨˀʰ ʰʪʰ ʳˆʵʲʵʫ ʳʵʸʨʲʻʸʰ ʶʸʰʴ˂ʰʶʬʩʰʹ
ʹʸʻʲʿʵʼʰʯ ˀʬʳʵʰʼʨʸʪʲʬʩʨ ʫʨ ʭʬʸ ʨʳʨʾʲʫʬʩʨ ʿʵʭʬʲ
ʳʨʺʬʸʰʨʲʻʸ ʹʨʽʳʰʨʴʵʩʨʹʨ ʯʻ ʮʴʬʵʩʸʰʭ ʱʵʫʬʽʹʮʬ, ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ
˂ʴʵʩʰʬʸʬʩʨʳʫʬ ʳʰʹʭʲʨʹ ʭʬʸ ˀʬ˃ʲʬʩʹ.
ʲʬʽʹʰ 17
ʳʨʪʸʨʳ ʭʰʴ˂ ʴʬʺʨʸʬʩʨʹ ʹʨʱʻʯʨʸ ʯʨʭˀʰ ʶʵʻʲʵʩʹ, ʭʰʴ˂ ʯʨʭʰʹ
ʹʰ˂ʵ˂ˆʲʬʹ ʾʳʬʸʯʯʨʴ ʳʰʨˆʲʵʬʩʰʹʯʭʰʹ ʰʿʬʴʬʩʹ ʫʨ ʭʰʴ˂
ʳˆʵʲʵʫ ʹʨʱʻʯʨʸ ʳʬʵʩʨˀʰ ʫʨʰʳʱʭʰʫʸʨ ʾʭʯʰʻʸʰ ʳʨʫʲʰ,
ʭʬʸʨʭʰʯʨʸʰ ʳʵʭʨʲʬʵʩʨ ʯʻ ʹʨʽʳʬ ʭʬʸ ʨʨʳʾʭʸʬʭʹ ʳʰʹ ˄ʳʰʴʫʨ
ʿʵʼʴʨʹ.
ˀʰʴʨ-ʨʸʹʰ. ʳʨʹ, ʭʰʴ˂ ʩʵʲʵʳʫʬ ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ ˂ʴʵʩʰʬʸʬʩʨˀʰ ʰʳʿʵʼʬʩʨ
ʫʨ ʿʵʭʬʲʰʭʬʹ ʨʳ ʸ˄ʳʬʴʰʯ ʨʹʸʻʲʬʩʹ, ʨʸʨʭʰʯʨʸʰ ˄ʬʹʬʩʰʹ
ˀʬʹʸʻʲʬʩʨ ʨʾʨʸ ʳʵʬʯˆʵʭʬʩʨ. ʳʯʬʲʰ ʳʰʹʰ ˀʰʴʨʪʨʴʰ ʹʰʩʰʴ˃ʻʸ
ʬʸʯʩʨˀʨʫ ʰ˄ʳʰʴʫʬʩʨ ʻʼʲʰʹ ˂ʴʵʩʰʬʸʬʩʰʯ, ʸʨ˂ ʳʸʨʭʨʲʰ
ʨʯʨʹʵʩʰʯ ʰʨˇʴʨʹ ˁʨʺʨʸʬʩʰʹ ˀʬʫʬʪʰʹ ʺʵʲʼʨʹʰʨ. ˂ʴʵʩʰʬʸʬʩʰʹ
ʨʹʬʯʰ ʪʨʴʹʶʬʺʨʱʬʩʰʯ ˂ʵ˂ˆʨʲʰ ʨʸʹʬʩʨ ʻʮʬʴʨʬʹʯʨʴ
ʻʸʯʰʬʸʯʵʩʨˀʰ ʹʸʻʲʨʫ ʬʸʱʭʬʭʨ ʫʨ ʨʳʰʹ ʪʨʳʵ ʳʰʹʰ ʳʵʭʨʲʬʵʩʨ
ʯʨʭʰʹʯʨʭʨʫ ʴʨʯʬʲʰ ˆʫʬʩʨ, ʨʳʰʵʳ ʳʨʹ ʭʬʫʻʸ ʳʰʯʰʯʬʩʨʯʨ
ˀʬʹʸʻʲʬʩʨ ʨʾʨʸ ʬʭʨʲʬʩʨ. ʨʳʪʭʨʸʨʫ, ʱʸʰˀʴʨ ˂ʴʵʩʰʬʸ
ʶʰʸʵʭʴʬʩʨʹ ʹʰʨʳʵʭʴʬʩʨʹ ʨʾʨʸ ʨʴʰ˅ʬʩʹ ˆʵʸ˂ʰʹʳʰʬʸʰ ˄ʨʫʰʲʰ
ʾʭʰʴʰʹ, ʽʨʲʰʹʨ ʫʨ ʹˆʭʨ ʹʨ˂ʯʻʸʰʹʨʱʬʴ.

19

Tavi mesame – karma-ioga

ʲʬʽʹʰ 18
ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ ˂ʴʵʩʰʬʸ ʶʰʸʵʭʴʬʩʨʹ ʨʳʽʭʬʿʴʰʻʸʰ ʨʾʨʸʨʼʬʸʰ ʬˆʬʩʨ ʫʨ˄ʬʹʬʩʻʲʰ ʳʵʭʨʲʬʵʩʨ ʰʴʽʬʩʨ ʯʻ ʰʳʰʹ ˀʬʹʸʻʲʬʩʰʹ ʳʰʮʨʴʰ;
ʨʾʨʸ˂ ʨʳ ʳʵʭʨʲʬʵʩʨʯʨ ˀʬʻʹʸʻʲʬʩʲʵʩʨ ʨʾʬʲʭʬʩʹ ʿʵʭʲʰʹʨʪʨʴ ʪʨʴʸʰʫʬʩʻʲʰ ʨʸ˂ ʹˆʭʨ ˂ʵ˂ˆʨʲ ʨʸʹʬʩʬʩʮʬʨ
ʫʨʳʵʱʰʫʬʩʻʲʰ.
ˀʰʴʨ-ʨʸʹʰ. ʯʭʰʯʸʬʨʲʰʮʬʩʻʲ ʨʫʨʳʰʨʴʹ ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ ˂ʴʵʩʰʬʸʬʩʨˀʰ
ʹʨʽʳʰʨʴʵʩʰʹ ʪʨʸʫʨ ʨʸʨʭʰʯʨʸʰ ʫʨ˄ʬʹʬʩʻʲʰ ʳʵʭʨʲʬʵʩʰʹ
ˀʬʹʸʻʲʬʩʨ ʨʾʨʸ ʬʭʨʲʬʩʨ. ʯʻʳ˂ ʳʰʹʰ ʿʵʼʴʨ ʨʸ˂ ʻʳʵʽʳʬʫʬʩʨʹ
ʴʰˀʴʨʭʹ, ʸʵʪʵʸ˂ ʬʹ ʳʵʳʫʬʭʴʵ ʲʬʽʹˀʰ ʰʽʴʬʩʨ ʪʨʴʳʨʸʺʬʩʻʲʰ.
ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ ˂ʴʵʩʰʬʸʰ ʨʫʨʳʰʨʴʰ ʯʨʭʹ ʨʸ ʨʼʨʸʬʩʹ ʨʸ˂ ʬʸʯ
ʶʰʸʵʭʴʬʩʨʹ, ʱʨ˂ʰ ʰʽʴʬʩʨ ʬʹ ʯʻ ʴʨˆʬʭʨʸʾʳʬʸʯʰ. ʳʰʹʰ ʴʬʩʰʹʳʰʬʸʰ
ʳʵʽʳʬʫʬʩʨ ʻʱʭʬ ʳʵʭʨʲʬʵʩʰʹ ˀʬʹʸʻʲʬʩʨʨ.
ʲʬʽʹʰ 19
ʨʫʨʳʰʨʴʹ ʨʽʭʹ ʯʨʭʰʹʰ ʳʵʭʨʲʬʵʩʬʩʰ, ʸʨ˂ ʻʴʫʨ ˀʬʨʹʸʻʲʵʹ,
ʵʾʵʴʫ ʳʵʽʳʬʫʬʩʰʹ ʹʨʸʪʬʩʬʲʮʬ ʳʰˇʨ˅ʭʻʲʵʩʰʹ ʪʨʸʬˀʬ.
ʳˆʵʲʵʫ ʨʳ ʪʮʰʯ ʫʨ ʨʹʬʯʰ ˀʸʵʳʰʯ ʰʪʰ ʨʾ˄ʬʭʹ ʻʮʬʴʨʬʹʹ.
ˀʰʴʨ-ʨʸʹʰ. ʻʮʬʴʨʬʹʰ ʻʼʨʲʰ ʬʸʯʪʻʲʯʨʯʭʰʹ ʾʳʸʯʨʬʩʸʰʭʰ
ʶʰʸʵʭʴʬʩʨʨ ʫʨ ʰʳʶʬʸʹʵʴʨʲʰʹʺʬʩʰʹʨʯʭʰʹ - ʪʨʴʯʨʭʰʹʻʼʲʬʩʨ.
ʨʳʰʺʵʳ ʰʹ, ʭʰʴ˂ ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹʯʭʰʹ ʰʾ˄ʭʰʹ ʳʰʹʰʭʬ ˆʬʲʳ˃ʾʭʨʴʬʲʵʩʰʯ
ʫʨ ʿʵʭʬʲʰ ʪʨʸˇʰʹ ˀʬʫʬʪʬʩʹ ʪʻʲʰʹʼʨʴ˂ʽʨʲʰʯ ʨʸ ʪʨʳʵʬʲʰʹ,
ʭʰʴ˂ ʫʨ˃ʲʰʨ ʿʵʭʬʲʪʭʨʸʰ ʳʰˇʨ˅ʭʻʲʵʩʨ ʳʰ˄ʰʬʸʯʨʴ, ʨʴʻ
ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ ˂ʴʵʩʰʬʸʬʩʨˀʰʨ ʫʨʳʱʰʭʫʸʬʩʻʲʰ, ʻʫʨʭʵʫ ˄ʰʴ ʳʰʰ˄ʬʭʹ
ʹʰ˂ʵ˂ˆʲʰʹ ʻʳʨʾʲʬʹʰ ʳʰʮʴʰʹʨʱʬʴ.
ʱʸʰˀʴʨʳ ʯʨʭʰʹʰ ʹʻʸʭʰʲʰ ʨ˂ʴʵʩʨ ʨʸˇʻʴʨʹ: ʱʻʸʻʽˀʬʺʸʨʹ
ʩʸ˃ʵʲʰʹ ʭʬʲʮʬ ˁʬʳʯʭʰʹ ʻʴʫʨ ʰʩʸ˃ʵʲʵʵ. ʹʻʸʭʰʲʰ - ʰʿʵʹ
ʱʨʸʪʰ ʨʫʨʳʰʨʴʰ ʨʴ ʫʨʳʯʳʵʩʰ ʱʨ˂ʰ - ʶʰʸʵʭʴʬʩʰʹ ʳʰˇʨ˅ʭʻʲʵʩʨʨ
ʽ˂ʬʭʰʹ ˀʬʫʬʪʮʬ; ʻʮʬʴʨʬʹʰʹ ʹʨˆʬʲʰʯ ʳʵʽʳʬʫʬʩʨ ʱʰ ʿʵʭʬʲʰʭʬ
ʨʳʰʹ ʪʨʸʬˀʬ ʯʨʭʰʹʻʼʲʬʩʨʹ ʴʰˀʴʨʭʹ. ʬʹ ʨʸʰʹ ʳʵʽʳʬʫʬʩʰʹ
ʹʸʻʲʿʵʼʰʲʰ, ʻʳʨʾʲʬʹʰ ʹʨʼʬˆʻʸʰ, ʸʵʳʬʲʹʨ˂ ʻʮʬʴʨʬʹʰ
ʾʳʸʯʨʬʩʸʰʭʰ ʶʰʸʵʭʴʬʩʨ, ˀʸʰ ʱʸʰˀʴʨ, ʪʭʯʨʭʨʮʵʩʹ.

20

Tavi mesame – karma-ioga

ʭʬʫʻʸʰ ʸʰʺʻʨʲʬʩʰ, ʫʨ˄ʬʹʬʩʻʲʰ ʳʹˆʭʬʸʶʲˀʬ˄ʰʸʭʬʩʰʹ
ʳʹʪʨʭʹʨʫ, ʹʸʻʲʫʬʩʨ ʰʳ ʩʰ˄ʰʬʸʰ ʹʨʽʳʰʨʴʵʩʬʩʰʹʨʪʨʴ
ʪʨʴʹʨ˄ʳʬʴʫʨʫ, ʸʵʳʲʬʩʰ˂ ʪʸ˃ʴʵʩʨʯʨ ʫʨʱʳʨʿʵʼʰʲʬʩʰʹ ʳʰʮʴʰʯ
ʰʽʴʨ ˀʬʹʸʻʲʬʩʻʲʰ. ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ ˂ʴʵʩʰʬʸʬʩʨˀʰ ʳʵʽʳʬʫʬʩʨ ʱʨʸʪʰʹʨ
ʫʨ ˂ʻʫʰʹ ʪʨʪʬʩʨʮʬ ʳʨʾʲʨ ʫʪʨʹ. ʰʽ ʨʾʨʸ ʨʸʹʬʩʵʩʹ ʬʹ ʵʸʳʨʪʵʩʨ ʨʸ˂ ˀʬʫʬʪʬʩʮʬ ʫʨʸʫʰ ʨˀʼʵʯʬʩʹ ʱʨ˂ʹ, ʸˁʬʩʨ ʳˆʵʲʫʵ
ʻʼʲʰʹʯʭʰʹ ʫʨ ʻʼʲʰʹʳʰʬʸʰ ʳʵʽʳʬʫʬʩʨ - ʻʨʳʸʨʭʰ ʹʨʽʳʰʨʴʵʩʰʯ
ʫʨʱʨʭʬʩʻʲʰ ʶʰʸʵʭʴʬʩʨ ʹʸʻʲʰʨʫ ʯʨʭʰʹʻʼʨʲʰʨ.
ʲʬʽʹʰ 20
ʳʬʼʬ ˇʨʴʨʱʨʳ ʫʨ ʳʹʪʨʭʹʯʨ ʳʰʹʯʨ ʪʨʴʨ ʹʸʻʲʽʳʴʨʹ ʳˆʵʲʵʫ
ʫʨ˄ʬʹʬʩʻʲ ʳʵʭʨʲʬʵʩʨʯʨ ˀʬʹʸʻʲʬʩʰʯ ʨʸ ʳʰʨʾ˄ʰʬʹ?! ʨʳʰʺʵʳ
ˀʬʴ˂ ʻʴʫʨ ʳʰˈʿʭʬ ʳʨʯ ʪʮʨʹ ʫʨ ʨʾʨʹʸʻʲʵ ʸʨʰ˂ ʭʨʲʨʫ ʪ˃ʬʭʹ.
ˀʰʴʨ-ʨʸʹʰ. ˇʨʴʨʱʨ˂ ʫʨ ʳʰʹʴʨʰʸʰ ʳʬʼʬʬʩʰ ʹʨʱʻʯʨʸʰ ʯʨʭʰʹ
ˀʬʳ˂ʴʵʩʰ ʶʰʸʵʭʴʬʩʬʩʰ ʰʿʭʴʬʴ, ʨʳʰʺʵʳ ʨʸ ʳʵʬʯˆʵʭʬʩʵʫʨʯ
ʭʬʫʬʩˀʰ ʫʨ˄ʬʹʬʩʻʲʰ ʳʵʭʨʲʬʵʩʬʩʰʹ ˀʬʹʸʻʲʬʩʨ. ʳʰʻˆʬʫʨʭʨʫ
ʨʳʰʹʨ, ʿʵʭʬʲ ʳʰʯʰʯʬʩʻʲ ʹʨʽʳʰʨʴʵʩʨʹ ʨʹʸʻʲʬʩʫʴʬʴ, ʸʨʯʨ
ˆʨʲˆʰʹʯʭʰʹ ʳʨʪʨʲʰʯʰ ʬˁʭʬʴʬʩʰʴʨʯ.
ˇʨʴʨʱʨ ʹʰʺʨʹ ʳʨʳʨ ʫʨ ʻʼʨʲʰ ˀʸʰ ʸʨʳʨʹ ʹʰʳʨʳʸʰ ʰʿʵ. ʸʵʪʵʸ˂
ʻʼʲʰʹ ʫʰʨʫʰ ʬʸʯʪʻʲʰ, ʰʪʰ ʺʸʨʴʹ˂ʬʴʫʬʴʺʻʸ ʫʵʴʬʮʬ
ʰʳʿʵʼʬʩʵʫʨ. ʳʨʪʸʨʳ ʭʰʴʨʰʫʨʴ ʳʰʯˈʰʲʨʹ (ʰʴʫʵʬʯʰʹ ʬʸʯ-ʬʸʯʰ
ʶʸʵʭʰʴ˂ʰʰʹ) ʳʬʼʬ ʪʨˆʲʫʨʯ, ʯʨʭʰʹʰ ʽʭʬˀʬʳʸʫʵʳʬʩʰʹʨʯʭʰʹ
ʫʨ˄ʬʹʬʩʻʲʰ ʳʵʭʨʲʬʵʩʬʩʰʹ ˀʬʹʸʻʲʬʩʨ ʻʴʫʵʫʨ ʬʹ˄ʨʭʲʬʩʰʴʨ.
ʻʼʨʲ ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹʨ ʫʨ ʳʰʹ ʳʨʸʨʫʰʻʲ ʳʬʪʵʩʨʸ ʨʸˇʻʴʨʹ ʨʸ
ʬʭʨʲʬʩʵʫʨʯ ʱʻʸʻˀʱʬʺʸʨʮʬ ʩʸ˃ʵʲʨ, ʳʨʪʸʨʳ ʰʵʳʬʹ, ʸʨʯʨ
ˆʨʲˆʰʹʨʯʭʰʹ ʬʹ˄ʨʭʲʬʩʰʴʨʯ, ʸʵʳ ʹʨʫʨ˂ ʪʵʴʰʭʸʻʲʰ
ʹʨˀʻʨʲʬʩʬʩʰ ʨʳʵʰ˄ʻʸʬʩʨ ʫʨ ʳʺʬʸʹ ʳʨʰʴ˂ ʭʬʸʨʼʬʸʹ ˀʬʨʹʳʬʴ,
˃ʨʲʨʫʵʩʨ ʨʻ˂ʰʲʬʩʬʲʰʨ. ʱʻʸʻʱˀʬʺʸʨʹ ʩʸ˃ʵʲʰʹ ˄ʰʴ
ʻʮʬʴʨʬʹʳʨ ʶʰʸʵʭʴʬʩʨʳ ˆʵʳ ʿʭʬʲʨʼʬʸʰ ʰʾʵʴʨ ʵʳʰʹ ʯʨʭʰʫʨʴ
ʨʹʨ˂ʰʲʬʩʲʨʫ, ʳʨʪʸʨʳ ʳʬʵʸʬ ʳˆʨʸʬ ˇʰʻʺʨʫ ʰ˂ʨʭʫʨ ʯʨʭʰʹ
ʪʨʫʨ˄ʿʭʬʺʰʲʬʩʨʹ. ʨʹʬ ʸʵʳ, ʩʸ˃ʵʲʨ ʨʻ˂ʰʲʬʩʬʲʰ˂ ʰʿʵ ʫʨ
ʹʨʳʨʸʯʲʰʨʴʰ˂.

21

Tavi mesame – karma-ioga

ʳʨʸʯʨʲʰʨ, ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ ˂ʴʵʩʰʬʸʬʩʨˀʰ ʳʿʵʼ ʨʫʨʳʰʨʴʹ ʨʸʨʭʰʯʨʸʰ
ʨʳʽʭʬʿʴʰʻʸʰ ʰʴʺʬʸʬʹʰ ʨʸ ʪʨʨˁʴʰʨ, ʳʨʰʴ˂ ˀʸʵʳʵʩʹ, ʰʩʸ˃ʭʰʹ,
ʸʨʯʨ ʹʨʮʵʪʨʫʵʬʩʨʹ ʹ˄ʵʸʰ ˂ˆʵʭʸʬʩʨ, ʳʵʽʳʬʫʬʩʨ, ʯʨʭʫʨ˂ʭʨ
ʨʹ˄ʨʭʲʵʹ. ʨʳ ʳˆʸʰʭ ʪʨʳʵ˂ʫʰʲ ʶʰʸʵʭʴʬʩʬʩʹ ˀʬʻ˃ʲʰʨʯ,
ʹˆʭʬʩʹʨ˂ ʻ˄ʰʴʨʳ˃ʾʭʸʵʴ. ʬʹ ˀʬʳʫʬʪ ʲʬʽʹˀʰʨ ʨˆʹʴʰʲʰ.
ʲʬʽʹʰ 21
ʫʰʫʰ ʨʫʨʳʰʨʴʰʹ ʳʨʪʨʲʰʯʰ ʬʸʯʵʩ ˀʯʨʳʩʬ˅ʫʨʭʰʨ, ˆʨʲˆʮʬ ʫʰʫ
ʮʬʪʨʭʲʬʴʨʹ ʨˆʫʬʴʹ ʫʨ ʳʰʹ ʹʨʳʨʪʨʲʰʯʵ ʽ˂ʬʭʨʹ ʮʵʪˇʬʸ ʳʯʬʲʰ
ʳʹʵʼʲʰʵ ʳʰʹʫʬʭʹ.
ˀʰʴʨ-ʨʸʹʰ. ˆʨʲˆʯʨ ʳʨʹʬʩʹ ʿʵʭʬʲʯʭʰʹ ʹ˅ʰʸʫʬʩʨ ˄ʰʴʨʳ˃ʾʵʲʰ,
ʸʵʳʬʲʰ˂ ʹʨʮʵʪʨʫʵʬʩʨʹ ʶʰʸʨʫʰ ʳʨʪʨʲʰʯʰʯ ʨʹ˄ʨʭʲʰʹ.
(ʲʰʫʬʸʰ ʭʬʸ ʪʨʫʨʨˁʭʬʭʹ ˆʨʲˆʹ ʯʨʳʩʨʽʵʹ ˄ʬʭʨʹ, ʯʻʱʰ ʯʨʭʨʫ
ʬ˄ʬʭʨ). ʻʼʨʲʳʨ ˁʨʰʺʨʴʰʨʳ ʯʽʭʨ, ʸʵʳ ʹˆʭʬʩʰʹ ʫʨʳʵ˃ʾʭʸʨʳʫʬ
ʳʨʹ˄ʨʭʲʬʩʬʲʰ ʯʨʭʨʫ ʹ˄ʵʸʨʫ ʻʴʫʨ ʰʽ˂ʬʵʫʬʹ. ʨʳʪʭʨʸ
ʶʰʸʵʭʴʬʩʨʹ ʨˁʨʸʰʨ, ʨʴʻ ʰʫʬʨʲʻʸʰ ʳʨʹ˄ʨʭʲʬʩʬʲʰ ˈʽʭʰʨ,
ʸʵʳʬʲʰ˂ ˀʨʹʺʸʬʩʰʹ (˄ʳʰʴʫʨ ˄ʬʸʰʲʬʩʰʹ) ʶʸʰʴ˂ʰʶʬʩʹ ʳʰˈʿʭʬʩʨ
ʫʨ ʻʩʸʨʲʵ ˆʨʲˆʹʨ˂ ʨʳ ˄ʳʰʫʨ ʨʮʸʬʩʰʯ ʳʰʻ˃ʾʭʰʹ. ʯʨʭʨʫ ʭʬʸ
ʪʨʳʵʰʪʵʴʬʩʹ ʰʳʰʹ ʹʨ˄ʰʴʨʨʾʳʫʬʪʵ ʱʨʴʵʴʬʩʹ, ʸʨ˂ ʪʨʴʫʵʩʰʲ
˄ʬʸʰʲʬʩˀʰʨ (ʳʨʴʻ-ʹʨʳˈʰʺʨʹʨ ʫʨ ʹˆʭʨ ʳʹʪʨʭʹ ʴʨ˄ʨʸʳʵʬʩʬʩˀʰ)
ʳʵ˂ʬʳʻʲʰ. ʨʳ ʱʨʴʵʴʰʱʻʸ ˄ʰʪʴʬʩʹ ʨʫʨʳʰʨʴʯʨ ʹʨʮʵʪʨʫʵʬʩʨ ʻʴʫʨ
ʳʰˈʿʭʬʹ ʫʨ ˄ʰʴʨʳ˃ʾʵʲʰʹ ʹ˄ʨʭʲʬʩʨ˂ ʨʹʬʯʰ ʹʺʨʴʫʨʸʺʻʲʰ
ˀʨʹʺʸʬʩʰʹ ʶʸʰʴ˂ʰʶʮʬ ʻʴʫʨ ʰʿʵʹ ʫʨʳʿʨʸʬʩʻʲʰ.
ʭʰʹʨ˂ ʹʨʱʻʯʨʸʰ ʯʨʭʰʹ ʪʨʳʵʹ˄ʵʸʬʩʨ ʹʻʸʹ, ʫʰʨʫʰ
ʳʨʹ˄ʨʭʲʬʩʲʬʩʰʹ ʳʹʪʨʭʹʨʫ ʫʨʱʨʴʵʴʬʩʻʲʰ ˄ʬʹʬʩʰ ʻʴʫʨ ʫʨʰ˂ʭʨʹ.
“ˀʸʰʳʨʫ-ʩˈʨʪʨʭʨʺʨʳˀʰ˂” ʫʨʫʨʹʺʻʸʬʩʻʲʰʨ, ʸʵʳ ʨʫʨʳʰʨʴʰ
ʫʰʨʫ ʬʸʯʪʻʲʯʨ ʴʨʱʭʨʲʬʭʹ ʻʴʫʨ ʪʨˈʿʭʬʹ ʫʨ ʳˆʵʲʵʫ ʨʳʰʹ
ˀʬ˃ʲʬʩʹ ʹʻʲʰʬʸʰ ʸʬʨʲʰʮʨ˂ʰʰʹ ʪʮʨʮʬ ˄ʰʴʹʭʲʨʹ. ʳʬʼʬʹ ʨʴ
ʹʨˆʬʲʳ˄ʰʼʵʹ ʳʬʯʨʻʸʹ, ʳʨʳʨʹ ʫʨ ʳʨʹ˄ʨʭʲʬʩʬʲʹ ʪʻʲʻʩʸʿʭʰʲʵ
ʳʨʹʬʩʰ ʩʻʴʬʩʸʰʭ ˄ʰʴʨʳ˃ʾʵʲʬʩʨʫ ʯʭʲʰʨʴ. ʯʰʯʵʬʻʲ ʨʹʬʯ
ʳʬʪʮʻʸ-ʳʨʹ˄ʨʭʲʬʩʬʲʹ ʫʰʫʰ ʶʨʹʻˆʰʹʳʪʬʩʲʵʩʨ ʨʱʰʹʸʰʨ ʯʨʭʰʹʰ
ʽʭʬˀʬʳʫʸʵʳʬʩʰʹʨ ʯʻ ʳʵ˄ʨʼʬʬʩʰʹ ˄ʰʴʨˀʬ. ʨʳʰʺʵʳ ʳʨʴ

22

Tavi mesame – karma-ioga

ʹʸʻʲʿʵʼʰʲʨʫ ʻʴʫʨ ʰ˂ʵʫʬʹ ʮʴʬʵʩʸʰʭʰ ʫʨ ʹʻʲʰʬʸʰ
ʱʨʴʵʴʬʩʰ ʫʨʹʨˆʬʲʬʩʻʲʰ ˄ʳʰʫʨ ˄ʰʪʴʬʩʰʫʨʴ.
ʲʬʽʹʰ 22
ʵ, ʶʸʰʯˈʨʹ ˀʭʰʲʵ, ˁʬʳʪʨʴʽʳʰʴʲʰ ʹʨʳʿʨʸʵʹ ʪʨʴʼʬʴʰʲʵʩʨˀʰ
ʨʸʨʼʬʸʰʨ ʰʹʬʯʰ, ʸʨ˂ ˁʬʳʯʭʰʹ ʰʿʵʹ ʫʨ˄ʬʹʬʩʻʲʰ. ʳʬ ʨʸ˂
ʨʸʨʼʬʸʰ ʳʹʻʸʹ ʫʨ ʨʸ˂ ʸʨʰʳʬʹ ʳʰʾ˄ʬʭʨʹ ʭʬʹ˄ʸʨʼʰ - ʫʨ ʳʨʰʴ˂
ʻʴʫʨ ʨʾʭʨʹʸʻʲʵ ʫʨʱʨʴʵʴʬʩʻʲʰ ʳʵʭʨʲʬʵʩʬʩʰ.
ˀʰʴʨ-ʨʸʹʰ. ʭʬʫʻʸ ʲʰʺʬʸʨʺʻʸʨˀʰ ʻʮʬʴʨʬʹʰ ʾʳʸʯʨʬʩʸʰʭʰ
ʶʰʸʵʭʴʬʩʨ ʨʹʬʨ ʫʨˆʨʹʰʨʯʬʩʻʲʰ:
“ʻʮʬʴʨʬʹʰ ʻʼʨʲʰ ʿʵʭʬʲʯʨ ʮʬʪʨʴʳʪʬʩʬʲʰʨ ʫʨ ʻʮʬʴʨʬʹʰʨ
ʿʵʭʬʲʰ ʶʲʨʴʬʺʰʹ ˄ʰʴʨʳ˃ʾʵʲʯʨ ˀʵʸʰʹ. ʿʭʬʲʨ ʳʰʹ
ʯʭʨʲʹʨ˄ʰʬʸˀʰʨ ʳʵʽ˂ʬʻʲʰ. ʿʵʭʬʲ ʨʸʹʬʩʨʹ ʹʰ˂ʵ˂ˆʲʰʹ ˃ʨʲʨʹ
ʳˆʵʲʵʫ ʰʪʰ ˀʯʨʩʬʸʨʭʹ; ʯʨʭʨʫ ʴʨˆʬʭʨʸʾʳʬʸʯʬʩʰ ʻʮʬʴʨʬʹʴʰ ʨʸ
ʨʸʰʨʴ ʫʨ ʬʯʨʿʭʨʴʬʩʰʨʴ ʹʨʳʿʨʸʵʹ ʻʳʨʾʲʬʹ ˄ʨʸʳʳʨʸʯʭʬʲʹ. ʰʪʰ
ʮʬʳʿʵʼʰʨ ʿʵʭʬʲ ʳʰ˄ʰʬʸ ˄ʰʴʨʳ˃ʾʵʲʹʨ ʫʨ ʪʨʴʳʪʬʩʬʲʮʬ,
ʸʵʳʲʬʩʰ˂ ʳʰʹ ˄ʰʴʨˀʬ ʳʰ˄ʨʹ ˀʻʩʲʰʯ ʬˆʬʩʰʨʴ. ʨʸʨʭʰʴʨʨ ʳʨʹʮʬ
ʻʳʨʾʲʬʹʰ; ʰʪʰʨ ʿʵʭʬʲ ʳʰʮʬʮʯʨ ʶʰʸʭʬʲʳʰʮʬʮʰ.
ʳʰʹʰ ʹˆʬʻʲʰ ʨʸ ˈʪʨʭʹ ʻʩʸʨʲʵ ʨʸʹʬʩʰʹ ʹˆʬʻʲʹ. ʨʸ ʨʸʹʬʩʵʩʹ
ʪʨʴʹˆʭʨʭʬʩʨ ʳʰʹ ʹˆʬʻʲʹʨ ʫʨ ʹʻʲʹ ˀʵʸʰʹ. ʰʪʰ ʬʸʯʨʫʬʸʯʵʩʨʨ.
ʿʵʭʬʲʰ ʳʰʹʰ ʪʸ˃ʴʵʩʨ ʺʸʨʴʹ˂ʬʴʫʬʴʺʻʸʰʨ. ʨʸʨʭʰʴ ʨʸʰʹ ʳʨʹʮʬ
ʫʰʨʫʰ ʨʴ ʳʰʹʰ ʯʨʴʨʹ˄ʵʸʰ. ʫʨʻʲʬʭʨʫʰʨ ʫʨ ʫʨʻʹʨʮʾʭʸʬʩʬʲʰ
ʳʰʹʰ ˀʬʹʨ˃ʲʬʩʲʵʩʬʩʰ; ʳʰʹʰ ʹʨʽʳʬʬʩʰ ʯʨʭʰʹʯʨʭʨʫ, ʩʻʴʬʩʸʰʭʰ
ʯʨʴʳʰʳʫʬʭʸʵʩʰʯ ʹʸʻʲʫʬʩʨ.” (“ˀʭʬʺʨˀʭʨʺʨʸʨ ʻʶʨʴʰˀʨʫʰ” 6.78)
ʭʰʴʨʰʫʴ ʾʳʸʯʨʬʩʸʰʭ ʶʰʸʵʭʴʬʩʨˀʰ ʿʭʬʲʨʼʬʸʰ ʹʸʻʲʰ
ʹʰʫʰʨʫʰʯ ʭʲʰʴʫʬʩʨ ʫʨ ʳʨʹˀʰ ʿʵʭʬʲʰʭʬ ʹʸʻʲ ˅ʬˀʳʨʸʰʺʬʩʨʫ
ʹʻʼʬʭʹ, ʳʨʹ ʨʸʨʭʰʯʨʸʰ, ʸʨʰʳʬ ʪʮʰʯ ʫʨ˄ʬʹʬʩʻʲʰ ʳʵʭʨʲʬʵʩʰʹ
ˀʬʹʸʻʲʬʩʨ ʨʸ ʳʵʬʯˆʵʭʬʩʨ. ˀʸʵʳʰʹ ˀʬʫʬʪʬʩʮʬ ʫʨʳʵʱʰʫʬʩʻʲʳʨ
ʶʰʸʵʭʴʬʩʨʳ ʱʰ ʪʨʸʱʭʬʻʲʰ ʳʵʭʨʲʬʵʩʨ ʻʴʫʨ ˀʬʨʹʸʻʲʵʹ. ʳʨʪʸʨʳ
ʰʹ, ʭʰʹʨ˂ ʾʭʯʰʹʳʰʬʸ ʽʳʴʰʲ ʱʵʹʳʰʻʸ ʹʰʹʺʬʳʨˀʰ ʨʸʨʼʸʰʹ
ʳʵʶʵʭʬʩʨ ʨʸ ʹ˅ʰʸʫʬʩʨ, ʯʨʭʰʹʻʼʨʲʰʨ ʿʵʭʬʲʪʭʨʸʰ
ʳʵʭʨʲʬʵʩʰʹʨʪʨʴ. ʳʰʻˆʬʫʨʭʨʫ ʨʳʰʹʨ, ʻʼʨʲʰ ʱʸʰˀʴʨ

23

Tavi mesame – karma-ioga

ʳʵʴʨ˄ʰʲʬʵʩʹ ʱʻʸʻʱˀʬʺʸʨʹ ʩʸ˃ʵʲʨˀʰ, ʸʵʪʵʸ˂ ʱˀʨʺʸʰʬʩʰʹ
˄ʰʴʨʳ˃ʾʵʲʰ. ʱˀʨʺʸʰʰʹ ʭʨʲʰ ʱʰ ʪʨ˅ʰʸʭʬʩʻʲʯʨ ʫʨ˂ʭʨʨ. ʬ.ʰ.
ʯʻʳ˂ʨ ʻʼʨʲʰ ʪʨʴʫʵʩʰʲ ˄ʬʸʰʲʯʨ ʿʵʭʬʲ ʫʨʴʨ˄ʬʹʮʬ ʳʨʾʲʨ
ʫʪʨʹ, ʨʸʨʹʵʫʬʹ ˁʨʫʰʹ ʰʹʬʯ ʸʨʳʬʹ, ʸʨ˂ ʨʳ ˄ʳʰʫʨ ˄ʬʸʰʲʬʩʹ
ʬ˄ʰʴʨʨʾʳʫʬʪʬʩʨ.
ʲʬʽʹʰ 23
ʵʫʬʹʳʬ ʻʨʸʰ ʸʵʳ ʳʬʯʽʭʨ ʫʨ˄ʬʹʬʩʻʲ ʳʵʭʨʲʬʵʩʬʩʮʬ ʫʨ
ʪʨʴʻˆʸʬʲʨʫ ʨʸ ˀʬʳʬʹʸʻʲʬʩʰʴʨ ʰʹʰʴʰ, ʵ, ʶʸʰʯˈʨ, ʬ˅ʭˀʬʻʭʨʲʰʨ
- ʳʯʬʲʰ ˆʨʲˆʰ ˁʬʳʹ ʪʮʨʹ ʫʨʨʫʪʬʩʵʫʨ.
ˀʰʴʨ-ʨʸʹʰ. ʨʫʨʳʰʨʴʯʨ ʹʻʲʰʬʸʰ ˄ʰʴʹʭʲʰʹʨʯʭʰʹ ʹʨ˅ʰʸʵ
ʹʨʮʵʪʨʫʵʬʩʸʰʭʰ ʹʰʳˀʭʰʫʰʹ ˀʬʹʨʴʨʸˁʻʴʬʩʲʨʫ ʿʵʭʬʲʰ
˂ʰʭʰʲʰʮʬʩʻʲʰ ʨʫʨʳʰʨʴʰʹʨʯʭʰʹ ʺʸʨʫʰ˂ʰʻʲʰ ʹʨʵˇʨˆʵ ˄ʬʹˁʭʬʻʲʬʩʬʲʰʨ ˀʬʳʻˀʨʭʬʩʻʲʰ. ʨʹʬʯʰ ˄ʬʹʬʩʰ ʫʨ ʸʬʪʻʲʨ˂ʰʬʩʰ
ʹʨʭʨʲʫʬʩʻʲʵʨ ʪʨʴʶʰʸʵʩʬʩʻʲʰ ʹʻʲʬʩʰʹʨʯʭʰʹ ʫʨ ʨʸʨ
ʻʼʲʰʹʨʯʭʰʹ, ʳʨʪʸʨʳ ʱʸʰˀʴʨ ʳʨʰʴ˂ ʨʹʸʻʲʬʩʫʨ ʫʨ˄ʬʹʬʩʻʲ
ʱʨʴʵʴʬʩʹ, ʸʰʯʨ˂ ʨʳʽʭʬʿʴʨʫ ʸʬʲʰʪʰʻʸʰ ʶʸʰʴ˂ʰʶʬʩʰʹ ʳʿʨʸʨʫ
ʫʨʳʱʭʰʫʸʬʩʨʹ ʻ˄ʿʵʩʫʨ ˆʬʲʹ. ʯʻ ʯʨʭʨʫ, ʿʭʬʲʨʹ ʫʨʹʨʴʨˆʨʫ, ʨʸ
ˀʬʨʹʸʻʲʬʩʫʨ ʹʨ˅ʰʸʵ ʳʵʭʨʲʬʵʩʬʩʹ, ʻʩʰʸʰ ˆʨʲˆʰ ʳʰʹ, ʸʵʪʵʸ˂
ʻʫʰʫʬʹʰ ʨʭʺʵʸʰʺʬʺʰʹ, ʱʭʨʲʹ ʫʨʨʫʪʬʩʵʫʨ. “ˀʸʰʳʨʫʩˈʨʪʨʭʨʺʨʳʰʫʨʴ” ʭʪʬʩʻʲʵʩʯ, ʸʵʳ ʻʼʨʲʰ ʱʸʰˀʴʨ ʨʹʸʻʲʬʩʫʨ
ʿʵʭʬʲ ʸʬʲʰʪʰʻʸ ʳʵʭʨʲʬʵʩʨʹ, ʯʭʰʯ ʳʬʵˇʨˆʰʹ ʸʵʲʹʨ˂
˄ʳʰʫʨʫ ʨʹʸʻʲʬʩʫʨ.
ʲʬʽʹʰ 24
ʫʬ˄ʬʹʬʩʻʲʰ ʳʵʭʨʲʬʵʩʬʩʰ ʸʵʳ ʨʸ ʨʾʭʨʹʸʻʲʵ, ʳʯʬʲ ʹʨʳʿʨʸʵʹ
ʪʨʴʨʫʪʻʸʬʩʨ ʨʸ ʨʹ˂ʫʬʩʨ. ʪʨˁʴʫʬʩʨ ʱʨ˂ʯʨ ʨˆʨʲʰ ʳʵʫʪʳʨ ʳʨʴʱʰʬʸʰ ʫʨ ʨʾʸʬʻʲʰ; ʩʵʲʵ ʳʵʬʾʬʩʨ ʿʵʭʬʲʰ ˂ʵ˂ˆʨʲʰ
ʨʸʹʬʩʰʹ ʳˀʭʰʫʵʩʨʹ.
ˀʰʴʨ-ʨʸʹʰ. ʭʨʸʴʨ-ʹʨʴʱʨʸʨ ʰʹ ʳʵʹʨˆʲʬʵʩʨʨ, ʸʵʳʬʲ˄ʰ˂
ʹʨʮʵʪʨʫʵʬʩʸʰʭ ʹʰʳˀʭʰʫʬʹ ʨʸʨʫ ʨʪʫʬʩʹ. ʨʹʬʯʰ ʹʵ˂ʰʨʲʻʸʰ
ʻ˄ʬʹʸʰʪʵʩʰʹ ˀʬʹʨˁʬʸʬʩʲʨʫ ʳʵ˂ʬʳʻʲʰʨ ˄ʬʹʬʩʰ ʫʨ
ʸʬʪʻʲʨ˂ʰʬʩʰ, ʸʵʳʬʲʯʨ ʨʾʹʸʻʲʬʩʰʯʨ˂ ʹʰʴʨʳʫʭʰʲʬ

24

Tavi mesame – karma-ioga

ʯʨʭʰʹʯʨʭʨʫ ˄ʿʴʨʸʫʬʩʨ ʫʨ ʹʻʲʰʬʸʰ ˄ʰʴʹʭʲʰʹʨʯʭʰʹ
˄ʬʹʸʰʪʫʬʩʨ. ʸʵʫʬʹʨ˂ ʻʼʨʲʰ ʱʸʰˀʴʨ ʬˀʭʬʩʨ ʨʳʽʭʬʿʴʨʫ,
ʩʻʴʬʩʸʰʭʰʨ, ʰ˂ʨʭʹ ʨʹʬʯ ˄ʬʹʬʩʹʨ ʫʨ ʸʬʪʨʲʻ˂ʰʬʩʹ, ʸʨʯʨ ˆʨʲˆʰʹ
ˀʬʪʴʬʩʨˀʰ ʯʨʴʫʨʯʨʴ ʨʸ ʫʨʬ˂ʬʹ ʨʳ ʳʴʰˀʭʴʬʲʵʭʨʴʰ ˂ʬʸʬʳʵʴʰʬʩʰʹ
ʳʴʰˀʭʴʬʲʵʩʨ ʫʨ ʨʻ˂ʰʲʬʩʲʵʩʨ. ʻʼʨʲʰ ʿʵʭʬʲʰ ˂ʵ˂ˆʨʲʰ
ʨʸʹʬʩʰʹ ʳˀʵʩʬʲʰʨ ʫʨ ʯʻʱʰ ʰʹʰʴʰ ʨʸʨʹ˄ʵʸ ʪʮʨʹ ʫʨʨʫʪʬʩʰʨʴ,
ʨʳʨˀʰ ʶʨʹʻˆʰ ʬʸʯʳˆʸʰʭ ʻʼʨʲʹʨ˂ ʳʵʬʯˆʵʭʬʩʨ. ʨʳʰʺʵʳ ʸʵʫʬʹʨ˂
ˆʨʲˆʬʩʰ ʬʸʯʵʩʲʰʭ ʻʪʻʲʭʬʩʬʲʿʵʼʬʴ ʳʵʳ˄ʬʹʸʰʪʬʩʬʲ
ʶʸʰʴ˂ʰʶʬʩʹ, ʻʼʨʲʰ ʯʨʭʨʫ ʳʵʩʸ˃ʨʴʫʬʩʨ ʫʬʫʨʳʰ˄ʨʮʬ ʫʨ ʹ˄ʵʸ
ʪʮʨʮʬ ʨʿʬʴʬʩʹ ʹʨʮʵʪʨʫʵʬʩʨʹ.
ʳʵʭʨʲʬʴʰ ʭʨʸʯ, ʪʨʭʿʭʬʯ ʻʼʲʰʹ ʴʨʱʭʨʲʬʭʹ, ʯʻʳ˂ ʻʴʫʨ
ʪʭʨˆʹʵʭʫʬʹ, ʸʵʳ ˀʬʻ˃ʲʬʩʬʲʰʨ ʳʰʹʰ ʳʰʩʨ˃ʭʨ. ʪʨʿʵʲʨ ʫʨ ʳʰʩʨ˃ʭʨ
ʬʸʯʹʨ ʫʨ ʰʳʨʭʬ ʫʵʴʬʮʬ ʨʸ ˆʫʬʩʨ. ʸʨʳʫʬʴʰ˂ ʻʴʫʨ
ʳʵʭʰʴʫʵʳʵʯ, ˁʭʬʴ ʭʬʸ ʳʰʭʩʨ˃ʨʭʯ ʻʼʨʲʹ, ʸʵʳʬʲʳʨ˂ ʩʨʭˀʭʵʩʨˀʰ
ʶʨ˄ʨ˄ʰʴʨ ˆʬʲʬʩʰʯ ʳʯʨ ʪʵʭʨʸʫˈʨʴʨ ʫʨ˃ʸʨ ʫʨ ʨʮʰʫʨ ʳʨʾʲʨ. ʬʹ
ˀʬʻ˃ʲʬʩʬʲʰʨ ʴʬʩʰʹʳʰʬʸʰ ʨʫʨʳʰʨʴʰʹʨʯʭʰʹ. ʻʴʫʨ ʳʰʭʿʭʬʯ ʳʰʹ
ʫʨʸʰʪʬʩʬʩʹ, ʳʨʪʸʨʳ ʺʿʻʰʲʨʫ ʴʻ ʭʬ˂ʫʬʩʰʯ ʳʰʹʰ ʿʵʭʬʲʰ
ʳʵʽʳʬʫʬʩʰʹ ʪʨʳʬʵʸʬʩʨʹ. “ˀʸʰʳʨʫ-ʩˈʨʪʨʭʨʺʨʳʰ” (10.38.30-31) ʨʳʨʹ
ʨʫʨʹʺʻʸʬʩʹ:
“˂ʵ˂ˆʨʲʰ ʨʸʹʬʩʨ ʻʩʸʨʲʵʫ ʻʴʫʨ ʪʨˈʿʭʬʹ ʻʼʲʰʹʨ ʫʨ ʳʰʹʰ
ʻʼʲʬʩʨʳʵʰʲʰ ʳʹʨˆʻʸʬʩʰʹ ʿʵʭʬʲʳˆʸʰʭ ʹʨʹʰʱʬʯʵ ʸˁʬʭʨʫʨʸʰʪʬʩʬʩʹ. ʴʬʩʰʹʳʰʬʸʳʨ ʪʵʴʰʬʸʳʨ ʶʰʸʵʭʴʬʩʨʳ ʬʹ ʳʰʯʰʯʬʩʬʩʰ
ʰʹʬ ʻʴʫʨ ˀʬʨʹʸʻʲʵʹ, ʸʵʪʵʸ˂ ʨʹ˄ʨʭʲʬʹ. ʳʨʪʸʨʳ ʻʴʫʨ ʬʸʰʫʵʹ
ʳʨʯ ʳʰʩʨ˃ʭʨʹ. ʭʰʹ ˃ʨʲʻ˃ʹ ʻʼʨʲʰ ˀʰʭʨʹ ʳʰʩʨ˃ʭʰʯ ˀˆʨʳʰʹ ʵʱʬʨʴʰʹ
ʫʨʲʬʭʨ?!”
ʿʵʭʬʲʯʭʰʹ ʻʴʫʨ ʪʭʬʹʳʵʫʬʹ, ʸʵʳ ʰˀʭʨʸʬʩʹ, ʳʯʭʨʸʰʹʨ ʫʨ ʳʮʰʹ
ʳʵ˃ʸʨʵʩʰʹ ʪʨʳʸʰʪʬʯ, ʳʨʾʨʲʰ ʳʫʪʵʳʨʸʬʵʩʨ ʻʱʨʭʰʨʯ. ʭʬʸʨʭʰʴ,
ʭʰʹʨ˂ ʨʹʬʯʰ ʻʴʨʸʰ ʨʸʨ ʨʽʭʹ, ʭʬʸ ʳʵʨˆʬʸˆʬʩʹ ʮʬʩʻʴʬʩʸʰʭʨʫ
˃ʨʲʳʵʹʰʲʰ ʰˀʭʨʸʬʩʰʹ ʳʰʩʨʨ˃ʭʨʹ. ʸʵʪʵʸ˂ ʰʯʽʭʨ, ʻʼʨʲʳʨ
ˀʰʭʨʳʨ˂ ʫʨʲʰʨ ˀˆʨʳʰʹ ʵʱʬʨʴʬ, ʳʨʪʸʨʳ ʻʩʸʨʲʵ ʨʫʨʳʰʨʴʰ ʳʰʹʰ
˄ʭʬʯʰʹ ˁʨʿʲʨʶʭʰʹʯʨʴʨʭʬ ʪʨʳʵʬʹʨʲʳʬʩʨ ʹʰ˂ʵ˂ˆʲʬʹ.
ʻʼʨʲ ˀʰʭʨʹ ˈʿʨʭʹ ʳʸʨʭʨʲʰ ʿʨʲʩʰ ʳʰʳʩʨ˃ʭʬʲʰ, ʸʵʳʲʬʩʰ˂
ʬ˄ʬʭʰʨʴ ˀˆʨʳʰʨʴ ʪʨʴˇʨʹ (ʳʨʸʰˈʻʨʴʨʹ) ʫʨ ʾʬʩʻʲʵʩʬʴ ʹˆʭʨ

25

Tavi mesame – karma-ioga

ʳʵʳʨʱʭʫʰʴʬʩʬʲ ʴʨʸʱʵʺʰʱʬʩʹ, ʳʨʪʸʨʳ ʨʭʰ˄ʿʫʬʩʨʯ, ʸʵʳ ʻʼʨʲʰ
ˀʰʭʨʹ ʹʨʽ˂ʰʬʲʰʹ ʩʸʳʨʫ ʳʰʩʨ˃ʭʨ ʹʰʱʭʫʰʲʯʨʴ ʨʨˆʲʵʬʩʯ.
ʳʹʪʨʭʹʨʫ ʨʳʰʹʨ, ʻʼʨʲʰ ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ ʮʵʪʰʬʸʯ ˂ʸʻ ʬʸʯʪʻʲʹ ʹʻʸʹ
ʳʰʩʨ˃ʵʹ ʻʼʨʲʹ ʸʨʹʨ-ʲʰʲʨˀʰ, ʨʴʻ ʹʰʿʭʨʸʻʲʰʹ ˂ʬʱʭʨˀʰ;
ʨʭʰ˄ʿʫʬʩʨʯ ʱʰ, ʸʵʳ ʪʵʭʨʸʫˈʨʴʨʹ ʳʯʰʹ ʨʫʪʰʲʰʫʨʴ ʫʨ˃ʭʸʨ ʨʸ
ˀʬʻ˃ʲʰʨʯ. ʨʳʰʺʵʳ ˃ʲʬʭʨʳʵʹʰʲʯʨ ʳʰʩʨ˃ʭʨʹ ʹˇʵʩʰʨ ʳʨʯ
ʫʨʸʰʪʬʩʬʩʹ ʪʨʭʿʭʬʯ. ʹʨʯʨʴʨʫʵ ʳʵʳʮʨʫʬʩʰʹ ʪʨʸʬˀʬ ʨʫʨʳʰʨʴʳʨ
ʨʸ˂ ʳʨʯʰ ʨʫʪʰʲʰʹ ʫʨʱʨʭʬʩʨ ʻʴʫʨ ʹ˂ʨʫʵʹ. ʨʸʨ ʫʨ ʾʳʬʸʯʰʹ
ʸʨʳʫʬʴ “ʰʴʱʨʸʴʨ˂ʰʨʹ” ʰʪʵʴʬʩʬʴ - ʰʹʰʴʰ ʻʴʰʨʯʵ ʨʹʲʬʩʰ ʨʸʰʨʴ
ʻʮʬʴʨʬʹʰ ʾʳʸʯʨʬʩʰʹʨ ʫʨ ʾʭʯʰʹʳʰʬʸʰ ʨʸ˂ ˃ʨʲʨ ʫʨ ʨʸ˂ ʳʨʫʲʰ
ʨʸ ʪʨʨˁʴʰʨʯ.
ʲʬʽʹʰ 25
ʻʪʻʴʻʸʰ ʨʹʸʻʲʬʩʹ ʹʨʱʻʯʨʸ ʳʵʭʨʲʬʵʩʬʩʹ ʫʨ ʯʨʴ ʳʰʹ
ˀʬʫʬʪʬʩʹ ʬʩʾʨʻ˅ʬʩʨ, ʩʸ˃ʬʴ-ʳʵ˃ʾʭʨʸʰ ʱʰ ʳʰˇʨ˅ʭʻʲʵʩʰʹ ʪʨʸʬˀʬ
ʰʾ˄ʭʰʹ, ʸʨʯʨ ʹ˄ʵʸʰ ʪʮʰʯ ʪʨʻ˃ʾʭʬʹ ˆʨʲˆʹ.
ˀʰʴʨ-ʨʸʹʰ. ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ ˂ʴʵʩʰʬʸʬʩʰʯ ʪʵʴʬʩʨʪʨʴʨʯʬʩʻʲʰ ʨʫʨʳʰʨʴʰ
ʫʨ ʰʹ, ʸʵʳʬʲʰ˂ ʨʳ ˂ʴʵʩʰʬʸʬʩʰʹ ʳʨʫʲʹ ʳʵʱʲʬʩʻʲʰʨ,
ʬʸʯʳʨʴʬʯʰʹʨʪʨʴ ʹʻʸʭʰʲʬʩʰʯ ʪʨʴʹˆʭʨʭʫʬʩʰʨʴ. ʶʰʸʭʬʲʰ ʨʸ
ʨʱʬʯʬʩʹ ʨʸʨʼʬʸʹ, ʸʨ˂ ˆʬʲʹ ʨʸ ʻ˄ʿʵʩʹ ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ ʳʰʳʨʸʯ ʳʰʹ
ʬʸʯʪʻʲ ʳʹʨˆʻʸʬʩʨʹ. ʪʨʸʬʪʴʻʲʨʫ ʳʰʹʰ ʳʵʽʳʬʫʬʩʨ ʳʰ˄ʰʬʸ
ʹʨʽʳʰʨʴʵʩʬʩʹ ʳʬʺʰʹʳʬʺʨʫ ʳʰˇʨ˅ʭʻʲʰ ʨˆʲʵʳˆʬʫʭʬʲʰʹ ʽ˂ʬʭʨʹ
ˀʬʰ˃ʲʬʩʨ ˈʪʨʭʫʬʹ. ʳʨʪʸʨʳ ʬʹ ʳˆʵʲʵʫ ʮʬʫʨʶʰʸʻʲʨʫ ˁʨʴʹ ʨʹʬ.
ʹʰʴʨʳʫʭʰʲʬˀʰ ʬʸʯʰ ʨʳʨʹ ʹʨʱʻʯʨʸ ʪʸ˃ʴʵʩʨʯʨ
ʫʨʹʨʱʳʨʿʵʼʰʲʬʩʲʨʫ ʨʱʬʯʬʩʹ, ʳʬʵʸʬ ʱʰ ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹʯʭʰʹ. ʨʳʰʺʵʳ
ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ ˂ʴʵʩʰʬʸʳʨ ʨʫʨʳʰʨʴʳʨ ʴʨʯʲʨʫ ʻʴʫʨ ʻˁʭʬʴʵʹ ˆʨʲˆʹ,
ʸʵʪʵʸʰʨ ʻʼʲʰʹ ʹʨʳʹʨˆʻʸʰʹʨʯʭʰʹ ʪʨ˄ʬʻʲʰ ˀʸʵʳʨ ʫʨ ʸʵʪʵʸ
ʳʵʨˆʳʨʸʵʴ ʯʨʭʰʨʴʯʰ ʹʨʽʳʰʨʴʵʩʰʹ ʹʰʱʬʯʬ ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ ˂ʴʵʩʰʬʸʬʩʰʹ
ʨʾʵʸ˃ʰʴʬʩʨʹ.
ʲʬʽʹʰ 26
ʫʨ˄ʬʹʬʩʻʲ ʳʵʭʨʲʬʵʩʨʯʨ ʱʨʸʳʰʻʲ ˀʬʫʬʪʬʩʮʬ ʳʰˇʨ˅ʭʻʲʰʨ
ʻʳʬ˂ʨʸʯʨ ʪʵʴʬʩʨ; ʹ˄ʨʭʲʻʲʳʨ ʻ˂ʬʩ ʨʸ ʻʴʫʨ ʫʨʻʸʾʭʰʵʹ ʳʨʯ

26

Tavi mesame – karma-ioga

˂ˆʵʭʸʬʩʰʹ ˄ʬʹʰ ʫʨ ʨʸ ˀʬʨ˄ʿʭʬʺʰʴʵʹ ʯʨʭʰʨʴʯʰ ˀʸʵʳʨ. ʴʨ˂ʭʲʨʫ
ʨʳʰʹʨ, ʾʭʯʰʹ ʬʸʯʪʻʲʬʩʰʹ ʳʨʫʲʰʯ, ʨʯʨʹʪʭʨʸʰ ˂ʫʨʳʰʯʰʯʬʩʰʯ ʪʨʫʨʰʿʭʨʴʵʹ ʪʵʴʬʩʨʫʨʩʰʴʫʻʲʴʰ ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ
˂ʴʵʩʰʬʸʬʩʰʹ ʯʨʴʫʨʯʨʴʵʩʰʯʰ ʪʨʴʭʰʯʨʸʬʩʰʹ ʪʮʨʮʬ.
ˀʰʴʨ-ʨʸʹʰ. ʬʹ ʨʸʰʹ ʳʯʬʲʰ ʸʰʺʻʨʲʬʩʰʹ ʳʰʮʨʴʰ. ʿʵʭʬʲʰ
˂ʬʸʬʳʵʴʰʨʲʰ, ʿʵʭʬʲʰ ʳʹˆʭʬʸʶʲˀʬ˄ʰʸʭʨ ʫʨ ʿʭʬʲʨ ˄ʬʹʰ, ʸʨ˂
ʭʬʫʬʩˀʰʨ ʳʵ˂ʬʳʻʲʰ, ʳʨʺʬʸʰʨʲʻʸ ʹʨʽʳʰʨʴʵʩʬʩʮʬ ʿʵʭʬʲʰ
ʳʰʯʰʯʬʩʰʹ ˁʨʯʭʲʰʯ, ʪʨʴʱʻʯʭʴʰʲʰʨ ʰʳʰʹʨʯʭʰʹ, ʸʵʳ ˀʬʭʰ˂ʴʵʯ
ʱʸʰˀʴʨ - ʹʰ˂ʵ˂ˆʲʰʹ ʹʨʩʵʲʵʵ ʳʰʮʨʴʰ. ʳʨʪʸʨʳ ʭʰʴʨʰʫʨʴ
ʪʨʴʶʰʸʵʩʬʩʻʲ ʹʻʲʬʩʹ ʪʸ˃ʴʵʩʨʯʨ ʫʨʱʳʨʿʵʼʰʲʬʩʨ ʪʨʻˆʫʰʨʯ
ʯʨʭʰʨʴʯ ʳʩʸ˃ʨʴʬʩʲʨʫ, ʭʬʫʬʩʹ ʳˆʵʲʵʫ ʨʳ ʳʰʮʴʰʯ ʹ˄ʨʭʲʵʩʬʴ.
ʹ˄ʵʸʬʫ ʱʨʸʳʰʻʲʰ ʹʨʽʳʰʨʴʵʩʰʹʨ ʫʨ ʭʬʫʻʸʰ ʸʰʺʻʨʲʬʩʰʹ
ʹʨʼʻ˃ʭʬʲʮʬ ʳʵ˄ʬʹʸʰʪʬʩʻʲʰ ʪʸ˃ʴʵʩʬʩʰʹ ʳʹʨˆʻʸʬʩʰʯ
ʨʫʨʳʰʨʴʰ ˀʬ˃ʲʬʩʹ ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ ˂ʴʵʩʰʬʸʬʩʨʳʫʬ ʯʨʴʫʨʯʨʴʵʩʰʯ
ʨʳʨʾʲʬʩʨʹ.
ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ ˂ʴʵʩʰʬʸʬʩʨˀʰ ʳʿʵʼʳʨ ʶʰʸʵʭʴʬʩʨʳ ʪʨʻʯʨʭʬʩʲʨʫ ʨʸ
ʻʴʫʨ ʻʽʨʫʨʪʵʹ ʹˆʭʬʩʹ ʳʨʯʰ ʹʨʽʳʰʨʴʵʩʰʹʨ ʯʻ ˀʬʳʬ˂ʴʬʩʰʹ ʪʨʳʵ,
ʨʸʨʳʬʫ ʻʴʫʨ ʰʳʵʽʳʬʫʵʹ ʼʸʯˆʰʲʨʫ, ʯʭʨʲʴʨʯʲʰʭ ʻˁʭʬʴʵʹ,
ʸʵʪʵʸ ˆʫʬʩʨ ʿʵʭʬʲʪʭʨʸʰ ʹʨʽʳʰʨʴʵʩʰʹ ˀʬʫʬʪʬʩʰʹ ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ
ʹʨʳʹʨˆʻʸˀʰ ʳʵˆʳʨʸʬʩʨ. ʯʨʭʰʹʰ ʳʨʪʨʲʰʯʰʯ ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ ˂ʴʵʩʰʬʸʳʨ
ʨʫʨʳʰʨʴʳʨ ʹʨʱʻʯʨʸ ʪʸ˃ʴʵʩʨʯʨ ʹʰʨʳʵʭʴʬʩʰʹʨʯʭʰʹ
ʯʨʭʪʨʫʨʱʲʻʲ ʻʳʬ˂ʨʸʹ ʻʴʫʨ ʪʵʴʬʩʨ ʪʨʻʴʨʯʵʹ ʫʨ ʹ˄ʵʸʰ ʽ˂ʬʭʨ
ʨʹ˄ʨʭʲʵʹ. ʳʨʸʯʨʲʰʨ, ʻʪʻʴʻʸʰ ʻʳʨʲ ʭʬʸ ˀʬ˃ʲʬʩʹ ʯʨʭʰʹʰ
ʮʴʰʹʨ ʫʨ ʨʮʸʰʹ ˀʬ˂ʭʲʨʹ, ʳʨʪʸʨʳ ʵʫʴʨʭ ˄ʰʴ˄ʨʹʻʲʰ, ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ
ʳʨʾʰʨʸʬʩʬʲʰ ʨʫʨʳʰʨʴʰ ʳʨʲʬ ʪʨˈʿʭʬʩʨ ʻʼʲʰʹ ʳʹʨˆʻʸʬʩʨʹ,
ʫʨʴʨʸˁʬʴʰ ʭʬʫʻʸʰ ʼʵʸʳʻʲʬʩʰʹ ʫʨʹ˄ʨʭʲʨ-ˀʬʹʸʻʲʬʩʰʹ
ʲʵʫʰʴʰʹ ʪʨʸʬˀʬ. ʨʹʬʯ ʩʬʫʹʸʻʲ ʨʫʨʳʰʨʴʹ ʨʸ ʬʹʨ˅ʰʸʵʬʩʨ
ʭʬʫʻʸʰ ʸʰʺʻʨʲʬʩʰʹ ˁʨʺʨʸʬʩʨ, ʭʰʴʨʰʫʨʴ ʻˀʻʨʲʵʫ ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ
˂ʴʵʩʰʬʸʬʩʰʯ ʨʾ˄ʬʭʹ ʫʨ˄ʬʹʬʩʻʲʰ ʳʵʭʨʲʬʵʩʬʩʰʹ ˀʬʹʸʻʲʬʩʰʯ
ʳʵʶʵʭʬʩʻʲ ˀʬʫʬʪʹ.
ʲʬʽʹʰ 27

27

Tavi mesame – karma-ioga

ʯʨʭʱʬʸ˃ʨ ʨʫʨʳʰʨʴʰʹ ˂ʯʻʴʬʩʨʹ ʨʿʵʲʰʲʰ ʹʻʲʰ ʯʭʲʰʹ, ʸʵʳ
ʯʨʭʨʫ ʨʸʰʹ ʨʾʳʹʸʻʲʬʩʬʲʰ ʰʳʰʹʨ, ʸʨʹʨ˂ ʨʱʬʯʬʩʹ;
ʹʰʴʨʳʫʭʰʲʬˀʰ ʿʵʭʬʲʰ ʹʸʻʲʫʬʩʨ ʳʨʺʬʸʰʨʲʻʸʰ ʩʻʴʬʩʰʹ ʹʨʳʰ
ʳʵʫʻʹʰʹ ʪʨʭʲʬʴʰʯ.
ˀʰʴʨ-ʨʸʹʰ. ˀʬʰ˃ʲʬʩʨ ʳʵʪʭʬˁʭʬʴʵʹ, ʸʵʳ ʵʸʰ ʶʰʸʵʭʴʬʩʨ - ʬʸʯʰ
ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ ˂ʴʵʩʰʬʸʬʩʰʯ, ʳʬʵʸʬ ʱʰ ʳʨʺʬʸʰʨʲʻʸʰ ˂ʴʵʩʰʬʸʬʩʰʯ ʬʸʯ ʫʵʴʬʮʬ ʳˀʸʵʳʬʲʴʰ, ʬʸʯʹʨ ʫʨ ʰʳʨʭʬ ʹʨʼʬˆʻʸʮʬ
ʳʵʽʳʬʫʬʩʬʴ. ʳʨʯ ʳʫʪʵʳʨʸʬʵʩʬʩʹ ˀʵʸʰʹ ʻʫʰʫʬʹʰ ʪʨʴʹˆʭʨʭʬʩʨʨ.
ʳʨʺʬʸʰʨʲʻʸ ˂ʴʵʩʰʬʸʬʩʨˀʰ ʳʿʵʼʰ ʶʰʸʵʭʴʬʩʨ ˂ʯʻʴʬʩʨʹ ʨʸʰʹ
ʨʿʵʲʰʲʰ ʫʨ ʫʨʸ˄ʳʻʴʬʩʻʲʰʨ, ʸʵʳ ʯʭʰʯʵʴ ʨʹʸʻʲʬʩʹ
ʿʭʬʲʨʼʬʸʹ. ʳʨʴ ʨʸ ʰ˂ʰʹ, ʸʵʳ ʹˆʬʻʲʰʹ ʳʬʽʨʴʰʮʳʰ ˀʬʽʳʴʰʲʰʨ
ʻʮʬʴʨʬʹʰ ʻʼʲʰʹ ʮʬʫʨʳˆʬʫʭʬʲʵʩʰʯ ʳʵʽʳʬʫʰ ʳʨʺʬʸʰʨʲʻʸʰ
ʩʻʴʬʩʰʹʨʪʨʴ. ʸʵʳ ʯʨʭʨʫ ʹʨʩʵʲʵʵʫ ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ ʳʵʸˁʰʲʬʩʰʹ ʽʭʬˀ
ʰʳʿʵʼʬʩʨ. ʯʨʭʮʬ ˂ʸʻ ˄ʨʸʳʵʫʪʬʴʰʹ ʳʽʵʴʬ, ʻʳʬ˂ʨʸʰ ʶʰʸʵʭʴʬʩʨ
ʯʭʲʰʹ, ʸʵʳ ʿʭʬʲʨʼʬʸʹ ʫʨʳʵʻʱʰʫʬʩʲʨʫ, ʾʭʯʰʹ ʴʬʩʰʹ ʪʨʸʬˀʬ
ʨʹʸʻʲʬʩʹ. ʳʨʴ ʨʸ ʰ˂ʰʹ, ʸʵʳ ʩʻʴʬʩʨˀʰ ʨʸʹʬʩʻʲʰ ʨʳ ʻˆʬˀʰ ʯʻ
ʴʨʺʰʼʰ ʹˆʬʻʲʬʩʰʹ ˀʬʳʽʳʴʬʲʰ ʳʨʺʬʸʰʨʲʻʸʰ ʩʻʴʬʩʨʨ, ʸʵʳʬʲʰ˂
ʨʹʸʻʲʬʩʫʨ ʻʮʬʴʨʬʹʰ ʾʳʸʯʨʬʩʸʰʭʰ ʶʰʸʵʭʴʬʩʰʹ ʴʬʩʨʹ. ʨʳʰʺʵʳ
ʿʵʭʬʲʰ ʨʸʹʬʩʰʹ ʹˆʬʻʲʰ˂ʨ ʫʨ ʨʮʸʵʩʸʰʭʰ ʽʳʬʫʬʩʬʩʰ˂ ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ
˂ʴʵʩʰʬʸʬʩʰʯ ʫʨʹʨʽʳʬʩʻʲʰ ʻʴʫʨ ʰʽʴʨʹ ʻʼʲʰʹ ʹʨʳʹʨˆʻʸˀʰ.
ʻʳʬ˂ʨʸʹ ʨʭʰ˄ʿʫʬʩʨ, ʸʵʳ ʻʮʬʴʨʬʹʹ ˈʽʭʰʨ ˈʸʰˀʰʱʬˀʨ, ʨʴʻ
ʳʨʺʬʸʰʨʲʻʸʰ ʹˆʬʻʲʰʹ ʪʸ˃ʴʵʩʨʯʨ ʳʩʸ˃ʨʴʬʩʬʲʰ.
ʩʬʭʸʰ ʫʰʫʰ ˆʴʰʹ ʳʨʴ˃ʰʲʮʬ ʨʸʨʹ˄ʵʸʨʫ ʰʿʬʴʬʩʹ ʯʨʭʰʹ
ʪʸ˃ʴʵʩʬʩʹ, ʹʨʱʻʯʨʸ ʳʰ˄ʰʬʸ ʹˆʬʻʲʹ ʹʰʨʳʵʭʴʬʩʨ ʸʵʳ ʳʵˈʪʭʨʸʵʹ.
ʯʨʴʫʨʯʨʴʵʩʰʯ ʬʽ˂ʬʭʨ ˂ʸʻ ʬʪʵʹ ˂ʯʻʴʬʩʰʹ ʽʭʬˀ ʫʨ ʰʭʰ˄ʿʬʩʹ
ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹʯʨʴ ʳʨʸʨʫʰʻʲ ʻʸʯʰʬʸʯʵʩʨʹ.
ʲʬʽʹʰ 28
ʭʰʴ˂ ʬʮʰʨʸʨ ʨʩʹʵʲʻʺʻʸ ˅ʬˀʳʨʸʰʺʬʩʨʹ, ʵ, ʳʱʲʨʭʳʨʪʨʸʵ, ʨʸʨʫ
ʫʨʪʰʫʬʭʹ ʪʸ˃ʴʵʩʬʩʹʨ ʫʨ ʳʨʯ ʹʨʨʳʬʩʲʨʫ ʪʨ˄ʬʻʲ ʪʨʸˇʨʹ. ʳʨʹ
ʱʨʸʪʨʫ ʬʹʳʰʹ, ʸʨ ʪʨʴʹˆʭʨʭʬʩʨʨ ʻʼʲʰʹʨʫʳʰ ʬʸʯʪʻʲʬʩʰʯ
ˀʸʵʳʨʹʨ ʫʨ ʱʨʸʳʰʻʲ ˀʬʫʬʪʬʩʹ ʫʨˆʨʸʩʬʩʻʲ ˀʸʵʳʨʹ ˀʵʸʰʹ.

28

Tavi mesame – karma-ioga

ˀʰʴʨ-ʨʸʹʰ. ʨʩʹʵʲʻʺʻʸʰ ˅ʬˀʳʨʸʰʺʬʩʰʹ ˀʬʳ˂ʴʵʩʰ
ʫʨʸ˄ʳʻʴʬʩʻʲʰ ʻʴʫʨ ʰʿʵʹ, ʸʵʳ ʳʨʺʬʸʰʨʲʻʸ ʪʨʸʬʳʵ˂ʭʨˀʰ ʳʨʹ
ʨʸʨʩʻʴʬʩʸʰʭʰ ʳʫʪʵʳʨʸʬʵʩʨ ʻʱʨʭʰʨ. ʸʨʱʰ ʻʮʬʴʨʬʹʰ ʶʰʸʵʭʴʬʩʰʹ,
ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ, ʪʨʴʻʿʵʼʬʲʰ ʴʨ˄ʰʲʨʱʰʨ, ʳʰʹʰ ʨʫʪʰʲʰ ʨʸ ʨʸʰʹ
ʳʰ˄ʰʬʸʬʩʰʹ ʹʨʳʱʭʰʫʸʵˀʰ. ʻʮʬʴʨʬʹʰʹʨʪʨʴ, ʸʵʳʬʲʰ˂ ʳʨʸʨʫʰʻʲʰ
ʴʬʺʨʸʬʩʨ ʫʨ ˂ʵʫʴʨʨ, ʪʨʴʻ˂ʨʲʱʬʭʬʩʬʲʰ, ʳʨʹʯʨʴ ʳʨʸʨʫʳʿʵʼʰ
ʶʰʸʵʭʴʬʩʨ ʪʸ˃ʴʵʩʹ, ʸʵʳ ʹʰ˂ʵ˂ˆʲʬʮʬ ʳʨʺʬʸʰʨʲʰʹʺʻʸʰ
ˀʬˆʬʫʻʲʬʩʰʹ ˆʨʼʨʴʪˀʰʨ ʳʵʽ˂ʬʻʲʰ, ʳʨʪʸʨʳ ʰʪʰ ʹ˃ʲʬʭʹ
ʹʨ˂ʯʻʸʹ ʫʨ ʳʰˈʿʭʬʩʨ ʸ˄ʳʬʴʨʹ - ʳʰʹʰ ʫʨʴʰˀʴʻʲʬʩʨʨ,
ʫʨʻʱʨʭˀʰʸʵʹ ʹʨʱʻʯʨʸʰ ʹʨʽʳʰʨʴʵʩʬʩʰ ʻʮʬʴʨʬʹʰ ʶʰʸʵʭʴʬʩʰʹ,
ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ, ʹʨʳʹʨˆʻʸʹ. ʨʳʰʺʵʳ ʰʪʰ ʳʵʽʳʬʫʬʩʹ ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ
˂ʴʵʩʰʬʸʬʩʰʯ ʪʨʴʨʯʬʩʻʲʰ ʪʵʴʬʩʰʯ ʫʨ ʨʾʨʸ ʬʳʵʴʬʩʨ
ʳʨʺʬʸʰʨʲʻʸ ʪʸ˃ʴʵʩʬʩʹ, ʸʨ˂ ˀʬʳʯˆʭʬʭʰʯʰ ʫʨ ˄ʨʸʳʨʭʨʲʰʨ. ʳʨʴ
ʰ˂ʰʹ, ʸʵʳ ʳʨʺʬʸʰʨʲʻʸ ʿʵʼʰʬʸʬʩʨʹ, ʸʨˀʰ˂ ˂ˆʵʭʸʬʩʨ ʻˆʫʬʩʨ,
ʻʼʲʰʹ ʿʵʭʲʰʹʳˆʬʫʰ ʯʭʨʲʰ ʫʨˈʿʻʸʬʩʹ. ʨʳʰʺʵʳʨ˂ ʳʨʹ ʨʸ
ʨʾʬʲʭʬʩʹ ʨʸʨʭʰʯʨʸʰ ʳʰ˄ʰʬʸʰ ʹʨʽʳʬ ʯʨʭʰʹʰ ˀʬʫʬʪʬʩʰʯ ʿʵʭʬʲʰʭʬʹ ʻʼʲʰʹ ˄ʿʨʲʵʩʨʫ ʳʰʰʯʭʲʰʹ. “ˀʸʰʳʨʫʩˈʨʪʨʭʨʺʨʳʰʹ” ʯʨʴʨˆʳʨʫ, ʳʨʹ, ʭʰʹʨ˂ ʨʩʹʵʲʻʺʻʸʰ ˅ʬˀʳʨʸʰʺʬʩʰʹ
ʹʨʳʰ ʹˆʭʨʫʨʹˆʭʨ ʨʹʶʬʽʺʹ: ʩʸʨˈʳʨʴʹ, ʶʨʸʨʳʨʺʳʨʹʨ ʫʨ ʻʮʬʴʨʬʹ
ʾʳʸʯʨʬʩʸʰʭ ʶʰʸʵʭʴʬʩʨʹ ˁʨʹ˄ʭʫʨ, ˈʽʭʰʨ ʺʨʺʺʭʨ-ʭʰʺ ʻʮʬʴʨʬʹʯʨʴ ʻʸʯʰʬʸʯʵʩʨˀʰ ʹʨʱʻʯʨʸʰ ˅ʬˀʳʨʸʰʺʰ
ʳʫʪʵʳʨʸʬʵʩʰʹ ˀʬʳ˂ʴʵʩʰ.
ʲʬʽʹʰ 29
ʳʨʺʬʸʰʨʲʻʸʰ ʩʻʴʬʩʰʹ ʳʵʫʻʹʬʩʰʯ ʯʨʭʪʮʨʨʩʴʬʻʲʴʰ ʳʯʬʲʰ
ʨʸʹʬʩʰʯ ʳʰ˄ʰʬʸ ʹʨʽʳʰʨʴʵʩʨʯʨ ʳʵʸʬʭˀʰ ʪʨʫʨˀʭʬʩʻʲʨʴ ʫʨ ʳʨʯʮʬ
ʳʰˇʨ˅ʭʻʲʯ ʯʨʭʫʨˆʹʴʰʹ ʹʻʸʭʰʲʰ˂ ʫʨˀʸʬʺʰʨʯ. ʩʸ˃ʬʴʳʨ
ʫʰʫʨʫ ʨʸ ʻʴʫʨ ʫʨʺʻʽʹʵʹ ʰʹʰʴʰ, ʸʵʳʬʲʯʨ˂ ʯʨʭʰʨʴʯʰ
ʻʳʬ˂ʸʬʩʰʹ ʪʨʳʵ ʳʵʭʨʲʬʵʩʬʩʰʹ ʳʨʾʨʲ ʫʵʴʬʮʬ ˀʬʹʸʻʲʬʩʨ ʨʸ
˃ʨʲʻ˃ʯ.
ˀʰʴʨ-ʨʸʹʰ. ʻʳʬ˂ʨʸʴʰ ʨʰʪʰʭʬʩʬʴ ʹʨʱʻʯʨʸ ʯʨʭʹ ʻˆʬˀ ʴʰʭʯʰʬʸ
ʹˆʬʻʲʯʨʴ ʫʨ ʳʨʺʬʸʰʨʲʻʸʰ ʹʨˆʬʲʫʬʩʬʩʰʯ ʨʽʭʯ ʪʵʴʬʩʨ
ʪʨʳʵʺʬʴʰʲʰ. ʬʹ ʹˆʬʻʲʰ ʳʨʺʬʸʰʨʲʻʸʰ ʩʻʴʬʩʰʹ ʴʨʩʵ˃ʬʩʰʨ ʫʨ

29

Tavi mesame – karma-ioga

ʳʨʹ, ʭʰʴ˂ ʳʬʺʰʹʳʬʺʨʫʨʨ ʳʰˇʨ˅ʭʻʲʰ ʹˆʬʻʲʰʹʬʻʲ ˂ʴʵʩʰʬʸʬʩʨʹ,
ˈʽʭʰʨ ʳʨʴʫʨ, ʨʴʻ ʪʵʴʬʩʨˁʲʻʴʪʰ, ʸʵʳʬʲʹʨ˂ ʨʸ ʬʹʳʰʹ, ʸʨ ʨʸʰʹ
ʹʻʲʰ. ʹ˄ʵʸʬʫ ʨʹʬʯʴʰ ʨʳʩʵʩʬʴ - “ʳʬ ʬʹ ʭʨʸ” ʫʨ ʹˆʬʻʲʮʬ
ʳʰʻʯʰʯʬʩʬʴ. ʹˆʬʻʲʯʨʴ ʱʨʭˀʰʸʰʹ ʳʰˆʬʫʭʰʯ, ʨʫʨʳʰʨʴʬʩʹ
ʳʰʰˁʴʬʭʬʴ ʴʨʯʬʹʨʭʬʩʨʫ, ʳʰ˄ʨ, ʹʨʫʨ˂ ʬʹ ʹˆʬʻʲʰ ʳʰʰʾʬʹ, ʳʨʯʰ
ʯʨʿʭʨʴʰʹ˂ʬʳʰʹ ʹʨʪʨʴʰ ˆʫʬʩʨ, ʸʬʲʰʪʰʻʸʰ ˂ʬʸʬʳʵʴʰʬʩʰ ʱʰ ʹʨʩʵʲʵʵ ʳʰʮʨʴʰ.
ʹʨʮʵʪʨʫʵʬʩʸʰʭʰ ʹʨʽʳʰʨʴʵʩʨ, ʶʰʸʵʭʴʻʲʰ ʯʻ ʨʲʺʸʻʰʹʺʻʲʰ
ʰʴʺʬʸʬʹʬʩʰ ʨʹʬʯʰ ʳʰ˄ʰʬʸʰ ˂ʴʵʩʰʬʸʬʩʰʹ ʨʫʨʳʰʨʴʬʩʹ
ʨˆʨʹʰʨʯʬʩʯ. ʹʨˆʬʲʫʬʩʻʲʰ ˂ʴʬʩʬʩʰʯʨ ʫʨ ʰʫʬʬʩʰʯ
ʳʵˇʨʫʵʬʩʻʲʴʰ ʳʻʫʨʳ ʳʰ˄ʰʬʸ ʿʵʼʨˀʰ ʳʰʳʵʰʽ˂ʬʭʰʨʴ. ʳʨʯʯʭʰʹ
ʹʻʲʰʬʸʰ ʸʬʨʲʰʮʨ˂ʰʨ ʮʾʨʶʨʸʰʨ, ʨʸʨ ʹ˄ʨʳʯ ʫʨ ʨʳʰʺʵʳ ʳʰʹʫʨʳʰ
ʰʴʺʬʸʬʹʹ ʨʸ ʰˁʬʴʬʴ.
ʹʻʲʰʬʸʰ ˂ʴʵʩʰʬʸʬʩʰʯ ʪʨʹˆʰʭʵʹʴʬʩʻʲʳʨ ˆʨʲˆʳʨ ʯʨʭʰ ʻʴʫʨ
ˀʬʰʱʨʭʵʹ ʳʰ˄ʰʬʸʬʩʰʹ ʳʵʸʬʭˀʰ ˁʨʼʲʻʲʰ ʨʫʨʳʰʨʴʬʩʰʹ
ʪʨʾʰʮʰʨʴʬʩʰʹʨʪʨʴ. ʻʳˇʵʩʬʹʰʨ, ʳˀʭʰʫʨʫ ʨʾʨʹʸʻʲʵʴ ʯʨʭʰʨʴʯʰ
ʹʻʲʰʬʸʰ ʭʨʲʰ. ʳʹʪʨʭʹʰ ˂ʸʻ ʯʨʭʫʨˇʬʸʬʩʻʲʵʩʰʯ
ʪʨʩʸʰʿʭʬʩʻʲʰ ˆʨʲˆʰʹ ʫʨʹʨʽʳʬʩʨ ˀʬʰ˃ʲʬʩʨ ʹʨʽʭʬʲʳʵʽʳʬʫʵ ʫʨ
ʰʹʬʯʰ ʹʨʽʳʰʨʴʵʩʬʩʰʯ, ʸʨ˂ ʹʨ˄ʿʰʹ ʮʴʬʵʩʸʰʭ ʶʸʰʴ˂ʰʶʬʩʹ
ʬʳʿʨʸʬʩʨ.
ʻʳʬ˂ʨʸʹ ʨʸ ˀʬʻ˃ʲʰʨ ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ ˂ʴʵʩʰʬʸʬʩʰʯ ʳʰˆʬʫʭʰʯ
ʳʵʽʳʬʫʬʩʬʩʰʹ ˀʬʼʨʹʬʩʨ, ʨʳʰʺʵʳ ʻʼʨʲʰ ʪʭʰʸˁʬʭʹ, ʨʸ ˀʬʭʨ˄ʻˆʵʯ
ʰʹʰʴʰ ʫʨ ˁʭʬʴ˂ ˃ʭʰʸʼʨʹʰ ʫʸʵ ʼʻ˅ʨʫ ʨʸ ʫʨʭʱʨʸʪʵʯ. ʳʨʪʸʨʳ
ʬʸʯʪʻʲʬʩʰ ʬʸʯʵʩ ʱʬʯʰʲʴʰ ʨʸʰʨʴ, ʬʹʳʰʯ ʻʼʲʰʹ ʹʻʸʭʰʲʰ ʨʸ ˀʬʰ˄ʻˆʵʴ ʯʨʭʰ ʨʳʨʵ ʫʨʸʰʪʬʩʬʩʰʯ, ʳʨʪʸʨʳ ʬʸʯʪʻʲʰ
ʨʸʨʭʰʯʨʸʰ ʫʨʩʸʱʵʲʬʩʰʹ ˄ʰʴʨˀʬ ʻʱʨʴ ʨʸ ʰˆʬʭʬʴ - ʻʪʻʴʻʸ
ˆʨʲˆʯʨʴʨ˂ ʳʰʫʰʨʴ, ʸʨʯʨ ʹ˂ʨʫʵʴ ʳʨʰʴ˂ ʳʨʯʰ ʪʵʴʬʩʰʹ ʪʨʴʨʯʬʩʨ
ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ ˂ʴʵʩʰʬʸʬʩʰʯ ʫʨ ʨʳ ʸ˄ʳʬʴʰʯ ˁʨʩʳʨ ʸʰʨʳʬ ʹʨʽʳʰʨʴʵʩʨˀʰ.
ʲʬʽʹʰ 30
ʨʳʰʺʵʳ ʿʵʭʬʲʰ ˀʬʴʰ ʪʨʴʨʮʸʨˆʰ ʳʬ ʳʵʳʨʴʫʬ, ʹʸʻʲʨʫ ˀʬʳʰ˂ʨʴ,
ʮʻʸʪʰ ʨʽ˂ʰʬ ʹʨʽʳʰʫʨʴ ʪʨʳʵʸˁʬʴʰʹ ʪʻʲʰʹʯʽʳʨʹ, ʨʸʨʫ ˁʨʨʪʫʵʵ
ʹʨʱʻʯʸʬʩʨ. ʳʵʰʱʸʰʩʬ ˃ʨʲʾʵʴʬ ʫʨ ʩʸ˃ʵʲʨʫ ˀʬʰʳʨʸʯʬ, ʵ,
ʨʸˇʻʴʨ!

30

Tavi mesame – karma-ioga

ˀʰʴʨ-ʨʸʹʰ. ʨʳ ʲʬʽʹˀʰ ʴʨʯʲʨʫ ʨʸʰʹ ʳʵ˂ʬʳʻʲʰ “ʩˈʨʪʨʭʨʫ-ʪʰʺʨʹ”
ʨʸʹʰ. ʻʼʨʲʰ ʪʭʨʹ˄ʨʭʲʰʹ, ʸʵʳ ʳʵʭʨʲʬʵʩʰʹ ˀʬʹʨʹʸʻʲʬʩʲʨʫ
ʨʫʨʳʰʨʴʰ ʳʯʲʰʨʴʨʫ ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ ˂ʴʵʩʰʬʸʬʩʨʹ ʻʴʫʨ ʳʰʬʴʫʵʹ,
ʯʰʯʽʵʹ ʹʨʳˆʬʫʸʵ ˄ʭʸʯʴʨʹ ʪʨʫʰʵʫʬʹ. ʨʹʬʯʳʨ ʫʨʴʨ˄ʬʹʬʩʳʨ
ˀʬʰ˃ʲʬʩʨ ʪʨʸʱʭʬʻʲʰ ʹʰʸʯʻʲʬʬʩʰ ˄ʨʳʵ˅ʸʨʹ. ʳʰʻˆʬʫʨʭʨʫ
ʨʳʰʹʨ, ʨʻ˂ʰʲʬʩʬʲʰʨ ʱʸʰˀʴʨʮʬ ʫʨʿʸʫʴʵʩʰʯ ʳʵʭʨʲʬʵʩʬʩʰʹ
ˀʬʹʸʻʲʬʩʨ, ʭʰʴʨʰʫʨʴ ʨʹʬʯʰʨ ˂ʵ˂ˆʨʲʰ ʨʸʹʬʩʰʹ ʫʨʫʪʬʴʰʲʰ
ʳʫʪʵʳʨʸʬʵʩʨ. ˀʬʻ˃ʲʬʩʬʲʰʨ ʩʬʫʴʰʬʸʬʩʨ ʻʮʬʴʨʬʹ ʻʼʨʲʯʨʴ
ʯʨʴʨʮʰʨʸʵʩʰʹ, ʻʼʲʰʹ ʹʻʸʭʰʲʬʩʰʹ ʳʵʸˁʰʲʬʩʰʹ ʪʨʸʬˀʬ.
ˀʸʰ ʱʸʰˀʴʨʳ ʰʹʬ ʻʩʸ˃ʨʴʨ ʨʸˇʻʴʨʹ, ʬʩʸ˃ʵʲʨ, ʯʰʯʽʵʹ ʻʼʨʲʰ
ʳʰʹʰ ʳʯʨʭʨʸʹʨʸʫʨʲʰ ʿʵʼʰʲʰʿʵ. ʨʸˇʻʴʨ ʻʼʲʰʹ ʩʸ˃ʨʴʬʩʨʹ ʭʬʸ
ʪʨʴʹˇʰʫʨ; ʳʨʹ ʳˆʵʲʵʫ ʻʴʫʨ ˀʬʬʹʸʻʲʬʩʰʴʨ ʰʪʰ.
ʻʮʬʴʨʬʹʰ ʻʼʨʲʰ ʿʵʭʲʰʹ ʮʬʹʻʲʰʨ ʫʨ ʰʹ, ʭʰʴ˂ ʸʨʰʳʬ
ʶʰʸʵʭʴʻʲʰ ʪʨʳʵʸˁʬʴʰ ʪʨʸʬˀʬ ʳʨʹʮʬʨ ʳʰʴʫʵʩʰʲʰ, ʨʴʻ ʭʰʴ˂
ʩʵʲʵʳʫʬ ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ ˂ʴʵʩʰʬʸʰʨ, ʨʸʰʹ ʨʫˈʰʨʺʳʨ-ˁʬʺʨˈ ʴʰʸʨˀʰˈ ʨʴʻ ˂ʵ˂ˆʨʲʰ ʨʸʹʬʩʨ ʻʼʲʰʹ ʩʸ˃ʨʴʬʩʰʹ ʨʾʳʹʸʻʲʬʩʬʲʰ,
ʱʨʸʳʻʲʰ ʹʨʸʪʬʩʲʰʹ ʪʨʸʬˀʬ.
ʳʨʪʨʲʰʯʨʫ, ʳʵʲʨʸʬ ʳʰʲʰʵʴʵʩʰʯ ʫʵʲʨʸʹ ʰʯʭʲʰʹ ʯʨʭʰʹʰ
ʻʼʸʵʹʰʹʨʯʭʰʹ, ʳʨʪʸʨʳ ʯʭʰʯʵʴ ʬʸʯ ˂ʬʴʺʮʬ˂ ʨʸ ʨ˂ˆʨʫʬʩʹ
ʶʸʬʺʬʴʮʰʨʹ. ʹ˄ʵʸʬʫ ʨʹʬʭʬ, ʨʫʨʳʰʨʴʹ ʻʴʫʨ ʬʹʳʵʫʬʹ, ʸʵʳ ʨʳ
ʹʨʳʿʨʸʵˀʰ ʨʸ˂ ʬʸʯ ˂ʨʲʱʬʻʲ ʶʰʸʵʭʴʬʩʨʹ ʨʸʨʼʬʸʰ ʬʱʻʯʭʴʰʹ ʫʨ
ʸʵʳ ʿʭʬʲʨʼʬʸʰ ʻʮʬʴʨʬʹʰ ʻʼʲʰʹ ʹʨʱʻʯʸʬʩʨʨ. ʨʹʬʯʰʨ ʹʰʺʿʭʰʹ
“ʳʨʰʰ” ʨʴʻ “ˁʬʳʯʭʰʹ”, ʴʨʳʫʭʰʲʰ ʳʴʰˀʭʴʬʲʵʩʨ.
ʸʵʫʬʹʨ˂ ˂ʵ˂ˆʨʲʰ ʨʸʹʬʩʨ ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ ˂ʴʵʩʰʬʸʬʩʰʯ ʳʵʽʳʬʫʬʩʹ,
˂ˆʨʫʰʨ, ʨʸʨʼʬʸʮʬ ʨ˂ˆʨʫʬʩʹ ʹʨʱʻʯʸʬʩʰʹ ʻʼʲʬʩʨʹ. ʨʳ
˂ʴʵʩʰʬʸʬʩʨʹ ʬ˄ʵʫʬʩʨ ʴʰʸʳʨʳʨ, ʨʴʻ “ˁʬʳʰ ʨʸʨʼʬʸʰ ʨʸ ʨʸʰʹ”.
ʯʻʱʰ ʨʫʨʳʰʨʴʰ ʯʨʭʰʹ ʯʨʭʹ ˀʬʨʳˁʴʬʭʹ, ʸʨʰʳʬ ʻˆʨʲʰʹʵʩʨʹ ʰʹʬʯʰ
ʳʺʱʰ˂ʬ ʩʸ˃ʨʴʬʩʰʹ ˀʬʹʸʻʲʬʩʰʹʨʹ, ʸʵ˂ʨ ʻʪʻʲʭʬʲʬʩʿʵʼʰʲʰʨ
ʹˆʬʻʲʰʹʬʻʲʰ ʱʨʭˀʰʸʬʩʰ - ʨʴʻ ʬʪʸʬʯ˄ʵʫʬʩʻʲʰ ʴʨʯʬʹʨʭʬʩʰ,
ʻʴʫʨ ʪʨʴʨʪʫʵʹ ʰʪʰ; ʨʳʪʭʨʸʨʫ ʰʪʰ ʪʨˆʫʬʩʨ ʭʰʪʨʺʨ-ˇʭʨʸʨ, ʨʴʻ
ʹʴʬʻʲ ˂ʴʵʩʰʬʸʬʩʨʹ ʨʴ ʻˆʨʲʰʹʵʩʨʹ ʳʵʱʲʬʩʻʲʰ.
ʿʭʬʲʨʹ ʯʨʭʰʹʰ ʯʭʰʹʬʩʬʩʰʹʨ ʫʨ ʳʫʪʵʳʨʸʬʵʩʰʹ ˀʬʹʨʩʨʳʰʹʨʫ
ʳʵʬʯˆʵʭʬʩʨ ʪʨʸʱʭʬʻʲʰ ˀʸʵʳʨ. ʸʵʪʵʸ˂ ʮʬʳʵʯʨ˂ ʰʿʵ

31

Tavi mesame – karma-ioga

ʨʾʴʰˀʴʻʲʰ, ʨʳʰʹ ˀʬʹʸʻʲʬʩʨ ˀʬʰ˃ʲʬʩʨ ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ ˂ʴʵʩʰʬʸʬʩʰʯ,
ʸʨ˂ ʨʫʨʳʰʨʴʹ ʹʻʲʰʬʸʰ ʪʨʴʯʨʭʰʹʻʼʲʬʩʰʹ ʪʮʨʹʯʨʴ ʳʰʰʿʭʨʴʹ.
ʲʬʽʹʰ 31
ʰʹʰʴʰ, ʭʰʴ˂ ˁʬʳʰ ʫʨʴʨ˄ʬʹʬʩʰʹ ʯʨʴʨˆʳʨʫ ʨʹʸʻʲʬʩʬʴ ʯʨʭʰʨʴʯ
ʳʵʭʨʲʬʵʩʬʩʹ ʫʨ ʨʳ ʳʵ˃ʾʭʸʬʩʨʹ ʸ˄ʳʬʴʰʯ, ʬʸʯʪʻʲʬʩʰʯʨ ʫʨ
ʻˀʻʸʭʬʲʨʫ ʳʰˈʿʭʬʩʰʨʴ, ʯʨʭʰʹʻʼʲʫʬʩʰʨʴ ʱʨʸʳʻʲ
ʹʨʽʳʰʨʴʵʩʨʯʨ ʺʿʭʬʵʩʰʫʨʴ.
ˀʰʴʨ-ʨʸʹʰ. ʻʮʬʴʨʬʹʰ ʾʳʸʯʨʬʩʸʰʭʰ ʶʰʸʵʭʴʬʩʰʹ, ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ,
ʫʨʴʨ˄ʬʹʰ ʳʯʬʲʰ ʭʬʫʻʸʰ ʹʰʩʸ˃ʴʰʹ ʨʸʹʹ ˄ʨʸʳʵʨʫʪʬʴʹ ʫʨ
ʹʨʳʨʸʨʫʷʨʳʵ ˅ʬˀʳʨʸʰʺʬʩʨʨ. ʫʨʻʹʨʩʨʳʵʨ ʭʬʫʬʩʰ, ʫʨʻʹʨʩʨʳʵʨ
ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ ˂ʴʵʩʰʬʸʬʩʨ˂. ˂ʵ˂ˆʨʲ ʨʸʹʬʩʨʹ ʻʼʲʰʹʨʫʳʰ ʸʨʰʳʬ
ʬ˅ʭʰʹʨ ʫʨ ˀʻʸʰʹ ʪʨʸʬˀʬ ʳʺʱʰ˂ʬʫ ʻʴʫʨ ʹ˄ʨʳʫʬʹ ʨʳ
ʫʨʴʨ˄ʬʹʬʩʰʹʨ.
ʳʸʨʭʨʲʰ ʼʰʲʵʹʵʼʵʹʰ ˄ʬʸʹ “ʩˈʨʪʨʭʨʫ-ʪʰʺʨʮʬ” ʱʵʳʬʴʺʨʸʬʩʹ,
ʳʨʪʸʨʳ ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ ʸ˄ʳʬʴʨʰʹ ʪʨʸʬˀʬ, ʨʳʰʺʵʳʨ˂ ʰʹʰʴʰ ʭʬʸʨʹʵʫʬʹ
ʯʨʭʰʹʻʼʲʫʬʩʰʨʴ ʱʨʸʳʰʻʲ ʹʨʽʳʰʨʴʵʨʯʨ ʺʿʭʬʵʩʰʫʨʴ. ʻʩʸʨʲʵ
ʨʫʨʳʰʨʴʰ, ʸʵʳʬʲʹʨ˂ ˄ʰʴ ʻ˃ʾʭʰʹ ʻʼʲʰʹ ʳʨʸʨʫʰʻʲʰ
ʫʨʴʨ˄ʬʹʬʩʰʹ ʸ˄ʳʬʴʰʹ ˁʰʸʨʾʫʨʴʰ, ʱʨʸʳʰʹ ʱʨʴʵʴʰʹ ʳʵʴʵʩʰʹ
ʻʾʬʲʹ ʰˆʹʴʰʹ; ʫʨ ʬʹ ʳʨˀʰʴʨ˂ ˆʫʬʩʨ, ʯʻʱʰ ʻʼʲʰʹ ʫʨʴʨ˄ʬʹʬʩʰʹ
ʩʵʲʵʳʫʬ ˀʬʹʸʻʲʬʩʨ ʨʸ ˃ʨʲʻ˃ʹ, ʳʨʪʸʨʳ ʻʼʲʰʹʳʰʬʸʰ
ʫʨʴʨ˄ʬʹʬʩʰʹ ˄ʰʴʨʨʾʳʫʬʪ ʨʸ ʨʸʰʹ ʫʨ ʪʻʲ˄ʸʼʬʲʨʫ, ʳʨʸ˂ˆʹʨ ʫʨ
ʹʨʸʪʬʩʬʲʮʬ ʼʰʽʸʰʹ ʪʨʸʬˀʬ, ˀʸʵʳʵʩʹ, ʨʻ˂ʰʲʬʩʲʨʫ ʨʳʨʾʲʫʬʩʨ
ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ ˄ʳʰʴʫʨ ˂ʴʵʩʰʬʸʬʩʰʹ ʫʵʴʬʳʫʬ.
ʲʬʽʹʰ 32
ʳʨʪʸʨʳ ʳʵˀʻʸʴʬʴʰ ʨʸ ˀʬʰʹʳʬʴʬʴ ʫʨ ʨʸ ʳʰˈʿʭʬʩʰʨʴ ˁʬʳ
ʹ˄ʨʭʲʬʩʬʩʹ; ʭʨʰ, ʳʨʯ, ʯʨʭʰʫʨʴʭʬ ʪʨʴ˄ʰʸʻʲ ʪʵʴʬʩʨʴʨʱʲʻʲʯ,
ʯʨʭʹ ʸʵʳ ʰʹʻʲʬʲʬʩʬʴ ʫʨ ˂ʫʰʲʵʩʬʴ, ʹʸʻʲʽʳʴʨʹ ʳʰʨʾ˄ʰʵʴ.
ˀʰʴʨ-ʨʸʹʰ. ʨʽ ʪʨʸʱʭʬʭʰʯ ʨʸʰʹ ʴʨˁʭʬʴʬʩʰ, ʸʵʳ ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ
˂ʴʵʩʰʬʸʬʩʨʹ ʳʵʱʲʬʩʻʲʯʨ ʨʸʨʹʸʻʲʿʵʼʰʲʰ ˂ˆʵʭʸʬʩʨ.
ʸʵʪʵʸ˂ ʹʨˆʬʲʳ˄ʰʼʵʹ ʳʬʯʨʻʸʰ ʫʨʻʳʵʸˁʰʲʬʩʲʵʩʰʹ
ˀʬʳʯˆʭʬʭʨˀʰ ʹˇʰʹ ʫʨʳʴʨˀʨʭʬʯ, ʨʹʬʭʬ ʻʮʬʴʨʬʹʰ ʶʰʸʵʭʴʬʩʰʹ

32

Tavi mesame – karma-ioga

ʩʸ˃ʨʴʬʩʰʹ ʨʾʻʹʸʻʲʬʩʲʵʩʰʹ ʫʸʵʹʨ˂ ʪʨʸʫʻʭʨʲʰʨ ʹʨʹˇʬʲʰ.
ʻʸˁʹ, ʸʨ˂ ʨʸ ʻʴʫʨ ʪʨʳʵˁʰʴʬʩʻʲʰ ʰʿʵʹ ʰʪʰ, ʫʨˀʸʬʺʰʲʰ
ʪʻʲʰʹ ʪʨʳʵ ˄ʨʸʳʵʫʪʬʴʨ ʨʸ ʨʽʭʹ ʨʸ˂ ʹʨʱʻʯʨʸ ʳʬʵʩʨʮʬ ʫʨ ʨʸ˂
ʻʮʬʴʨʬʹ ʩʸʨˈʳʨʴʮʬ, ʶʨʸʨʳʨʺʳʨʹʨ ʫʨ ʾʳʸʯʨʬʩʸʰʭ ʶʰʸʵʭʴʬʩʨʮʬ.
ʨʳʰʺʵʳ ʳʨʹ ʹʰ˂ʵ˂ˆʲʬˀʰ ʹʸʻʲʿʵʼʰʹ ʳʰʾ˄ʬʭʨ ʨʸ ʻ˄ʬʸʰʨ.
ʲʬʽʹʰ 33
ʳ˂ʵʫʴʬʴʰ ʫʨ ʩʸ˃ʬʴʱʨ˂ʴʰ˂ ʹʨʱʻʯʨʸʰ ʩʻʴʬʩʰʹ ʯʨʴʨˆʳʨʫ
ʳʵʽʳʬʫʬʩʬʴ, ʭʰʴʨʰʫʨʴ ʰʳʨʹ ʳʰʹʫʬʭʬʴ, ʸʨ˂ ʩʻʴʬʩʰʹ ʹʨʳʰ
ʳʵʫʻʹʰʹʨʪʨʴ ʨʽʭʹ ʴʨʩʵ˃ʬʩʰ. ʸʨʹ ʪʭʨʸʪʬʩʹ ʨʳ ʯʭʰʹʬʩʨʯʨ
ʫʨʯʸʪʻʴʭʨ?!
ˀʰʴʨ-ʨʸʹʰ. ʯʻʱʰ ˂ʵ˂ˆʨʲʰ ʨʸʹʬʩʨ ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ ˂ʴʵʩʰʬʸʬʩʰʹ
ʺʸʨʴʹ˂ʬʴʫʬʴʺʻʸ ʫʵʴʬʮʬ ʨʸ ʰʳʿʵʼʬʩʨ, ʯʨʭʹ ʭʬʸ ʫʨʨʾ˄ʬʭʹ
ʳʨʺʬʸʰʨʲʻʸʰ ʩʻʴʬʩʰʹ ʳʵʫʻʹʬʩʰʹ ʪʨʭʲʬʴʨʹ, ʸʵʪʵʸ˂ ʻʼʨʲʰ
ʨʳʨʹ ʨʳ ˄ʰʪʴʰʹ ʳʬˀʭʰʫʬ ʯʨʭˀʰ ʨʫʨʹʺʻʸʬʩʹ (7.14). ʨʳʰʺʵʳ
ʳʨʺʬʸʰʨʲʻʸ ʿʵʼʨˀʰ ʿʭʬʲʨʮʬ ʪʨʴʨʯʲʬʩʻʲ ʨʫʨʳʰʨʴʹʨ˂ ʱʰ ʨʸ
ˀʬʻ˃ʲʰʨ ʯʬʵʸʰʻʲʰ ˂ʵʫʴʰʯ, ʨʴ ʹʻʲʰʹ ʹˆʬʻʲʰʹʨʪʨʴ
ʪʨʴ˂ʨʲʱʬʭʬʩʰʹ ʸ˄ʳʬʴʰʯ ʳʨʰʨʹ ʺʿʭʬʵʩʰʫʨʴ ʪʨʴʯʨʭʰʹʻʼʲʬʩʨ.
ʳʸʨʭʨʲ ʬʪʸʬʯ˄ʵʫʬʩʻʲ ʹʶʰʸʰʺʻʨʲʰʹʺʹ ʳʬ˂ʴʰʬʸʬʩʨˀʰ
ʪʨʴʯʭʰʯ˂ʴʵʩʰʬʸʬʩʻʲʨʫ ʳʵʨʽʭʹ ʯʨʭʰ, ʳʨʪʸʨʳ ʽʭʬˀʬ˂ʴʬʻʲʨʫ
ʰ˂ʰʨʴ, ʯʻʳ˂ʨ ʳʨʲʨʭʬʴ, ʩʻʴʬʩʰʹ ʪʨʸʱʭʬʻʲʰ ʳʵʫʻʹʰʹ ʹʸʻʲʰ
ʪʨʭʲʬʴʰʹ ʽʭʬʴ ʰʳʿʵʼʬʩʰʨʴ, ʸʵʳʲʰʹ ʪʨʫʨʲʨˆʭʨ ʨʸ ˃ʨʲʻ˃ʯ.
ʨʫʨʳʰʨʴʰ ˀʬʰ˃ʲʬʩʨ ʨʱʨʫʬʳʰʻʸ ˂ʵʫʴʨʹ ʼʲʵʩʫʬʹ, ʳʨʪʸʨʳ
ʳʨʺʬʸʰʨʲʻʸ ʩʻʴʬʩʨʹʯʨʴ ʫʰʫʰ ˆʴʰʹ ʻʸʯʰʬʸʯʵʩʰʹ ʪʨʳʵ ʳʰʹ
ʺʿʭʬʵʩʨˀʰʨ ʳʵʽ˂ʬʻʲʰ, ʹ˄ʵʸʬʫ ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ ˂ʴʵʩʰʬʸʬʩʨ ʬˆʳʨʸʬʩʨ
ʳʨʹ ʨʳ ʺʿʭʬʵʩʰʹ ˆʻʴʫʬʩʰʹ ʫʨʳʹˆʭʸʬʭʨˀʰ. ʻʼʲʰʹ ʯʨʴʨʫʪʵʳʨ
ʴʨʿʵʼʰʬʸʰʨ ʳʨˀʰʴʨ˂ ʱʰ, ʯʻ ʱʨ˂ʰ ʹʨʱʻʯʨʸʰ ʳʨʺʬʸʰʨʲʻʸʰ
ʿʵʼʰʬʸʬʩʰʹ ˀʬʹʨʩʨʳʰʹʨʫ ʫʨ˄ʬʹʬʩʻʲ ʳʵʭʨʲʬʵʩʬʩʹ ʨʹʸʻʲʬʩʹ.
ʨʸ˂ ʻʴʫʨ ʳʰʨʺʵʭʵʹ ʬʹ ʳʵʭʨʲʬʵʩʬʩʰ, ʳʨʴʨʳ ʹʸʻʲʿʵʼʰʲʨʫ ʨʸ
ʳʰʨʾ˄ʬʭʹ ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ ˂ʴʵʩʰʬʸʬʩʨʹ. ʻʨʸʰʹ ʯʽʳʨ ʿʵʭʬʲʰʭʬ ʨʳʨʮʬ ʫʨ
ʬʸʯʩʨˀʨʫ, ˆʬʲʵʭʴʻʸʨʫ ʬʪʸʬʯ˄ʵʫʬʩʻʲ ʰʵʪʨʫ ʨʴ
ʺʸʨʴʹ˂ʬʴʫʬʴʺʨʲʰʹʺʨʫ ʪʨˆʫʵʳʨ ʨʸ ˀʬʰ˃ʲʬʩʨ. ʻʳˇʵʩʬʹʰʨ,
ʶʰʸʵʭʴʬʩʨ ʹʨʱʻʯʨʸ ʩʻʴʬʩʸʰʭ ʳʫʪʵʳʨʸʬʵʩʨˀʰ ʫʨʸˁʬʹ ʫʨ

33

Tavi mesame – karma-ioga

ʪʨʴʻ˄ʿʭʬʺʬʲʰ ˄ʭʸʯʴʰʹ ʹʨˀʻʨʲʬʩʰʯ ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ ˂ʴʵʩʰʬʸʬʩʨʹʯʨʴ
ʳʰʨˆʲʬʩʨ ʹ˂ʨʫʵʹ. ʳʨʰʨʹ ʱʲʨʴ˅ʬʩʰʫʨʴ ʯʨʭʰʹ ʫʨʾ˄ʬʭʨ ʳˆʵʲʵʫ
ʨʳ ʪʮʰʯ ˀʬʰ˃ʲʬʩʨ.
ʲʬʽʹʰ 34
ʨʸʹʬʩʵʩʹ ʪʸ˃ʴʵʩʬʩʹʨ ʫʨ ʪʸ˃ʴʵʩʨʯʨ ʹʨʪʴʬʩʯʨʴ ʳʰˇʨ˅ʭʻʲʵʩʰʹ
ʳʵʳ˄ʬʹʸʰʪʬʩʬʲʰ ʱʨʴʵʴʬʩʰ˂ ʫʨ ʳʨʯʪʨʴ ʪʨʴʸʰʫʬʩʰʹ ˄ʬʹʬʩʰ˂.
ʵʸʰʭʬʹ ʻʴʫʨ ʬʸʰʵʫʹ ʱʨ˂ʰ, ʭʰʴʨʰʫʨʴ ʰʹʰʴʰ ʯʭʰʯˀʬ˂ʴʵʩʰʹ
ʪʮʨʮʬ ʫʨʳʨʩʸʱʵʲʬʩʬʲ ʱʲʫʬʬʩʨʫ ʨʾʰʳʨʸʯʬʩʰʨʴ ˆʵʲʳʬ.
ˀʰʴʨ-ʨʸʹʰ. ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ ˂ʴʵʩʰʬʸʬʩʨˀʰ ʳʿʵʼʯ, ʩʻʴʬʩʸʰʭʰʨ, ʨʸ
ʰʮʰʫʨʭʯ ʳʰ˄ʰʬʸʬʩʰʯ ʫʨʾʫʨʹʳʻʲʰ ʪʸ˃ʴʵʩʬʩʰʯ
ʹʰʨʳʺʱʩʰʲʵʩʨ. ʳʨʪʸʨʳ ʭʰʴ˂ ʨʹʬʯʰ ˂ʴʵʩʰʬʸʬʩʰʹ ʳʨʫʲʹ
ʳʵʱʲʬʩʻʲʰʨ, ʪʨʴʫʵʩʰʲ ˄ʬʸʰʲʯʨ ˄ʬʹʬʩʰ ʫʨ ʸʬʪʻʲʨ˂ʰʬʩʰ
ʻʴʫʨ ˀʬʨʹʸʻʲʵʹ. ʪʸ˃ʴʵʩʨʯʨ ʲʨʪʨʳʨʳʵʻʫʬʩʬʲʰ ʯʨʭʰʹʻʼʲʬʩʨ
ʳʰ˄ʰʬʸʰ ʺʿʭʬʵʩʰʹ ʳʰʮʬʮʰʨ, ʸʨʹʨ˂ ʪʨʴʫʵʩʰʲ ˄ʬʸʰʲʯʨ
˄ʬʹʬʩʰʹʨ ʫʨ ʸʬʪʻʲʨ˂ʰʬʩʰʹ ˀʬʳʹʸʻʲʬʩʲʬʩʰ ʨʫʭʰʲʨʫ ʨʾ˄ʬʭʬʴ
ʯʨʭʹ.
ʳʨʪʨʲʰʯʨʫ, ʹʽʬʹʵʩʸʰʭʰ ʹʰʨʳʵʭʴʬʩʨ ʪʨʴʶʰʸʵʩʬʩʻʲʰ ʹʻʲʰʹ
ʳʵʯˆʵʭʴʰʲʬʩʨʨ ʫʨ ʰʪʰ ʽʵʸ˄ʰʴʬʩʰʯ ʴʬʩʨʫʨʸʯʻʲʰʨ ˄ʳʰʴʫʨ
˄ʬʸʰʲʯʨ ʫʨʴʨ˄ʬʹʬʩʰʹ ʯʨʴʨˆʳʨʫ, ʬʹ ʳˆʵʲʵʫ ʹʨʱʻʯʨʸ ˂ʵʲʯʨʴ
ˀʬʰ˃ʲʬʩʨ. ʫʨʴʨʸˁʬʴ ʽʨʲʬʩʹ ʱʨ˂ʰ ʫʬʫʨʹʨʭʰʯ ʻʴʫʨ ʻʿʻʸʬʩʫʬʹ.
ʨʹʬʯʰ ˄ʳʰʴʫʨ ʫʨʴʨ˄ʬʹʬʩʰʹ ʳʰʻˆʬʫʨʭʨʫ, ʨʫʨʳʰʨʴʹ ʳʨʰʴ˂ ʨʸ
ʨʹʭʬʴʬʩʹ ʹˆʭʨ ʽʨʲʬʩʯʨʴ ʰʴʺʰʳʻʸʰ ʹʰʨˆʲʵʭʰʹ ˄ʨʫʰʲʰ. ʹʨ˅ʰʸʵʨ
ʨʳ ʳʰʫʸʬʱʰʲʬʩʨʯʨ ʳʵʯʵʱʭʨ; ˄ʰʴʨʨʾʳʫʬʪ ˀʬʳʯˆʭʬʭʨˀʰ, ʬʹ
ʫʨʻʵʱʬʩʬʲʰ ʲʺʵʲʭʨ ʯʭʰʯˀʬ˂ʴʵʩʰʹ ʪʮʨʮʬ ʳʨʾʨʲʰ
ʪʨʲʨʭʨʴʰʭʰʯ ʨʾʰʳʨʸʯʬʩʨ.
ʹʨʴʨʳ ʳʨʺʬʸʰʨʲʻʸʰ ʹˆʬʻʲʰ ʨʸʹʬʩʵʩʹ, ʳʰʹʰ ʳʵʯˆʵʭʴʰʲʬʩʬʩʰʹ
ʫʨʱʳʨʿʵʼʰʲʬʩʨ ʴʬʩʨʫʨʸʯʻʲʰʨ, ʳʨʪʸʨʳ ʬʹ ˄ʬʹʬʩʰʹʨ ʫʨ ʯʨʭʰʹʰ
ʯʨʭʰʹ ʳʨʸʯʭʰʹ ʯʨʴʨˆʳʨʫ ʻʴʫʨ ʳʵˆʫʬʹ. ʬʹ ʬʸʯʵʩ ʸʯʻʲʰ
ʫʨʹʨ˃ʲʬʭʰʨ. ʴʬʩʨʫʨʸʯʻʲʰ ʹʨʽʳʰʨʴʵʩʬʩʰ˂ ʱʨ˂ʳʨ ʫʰʫʰ
ʪʻʲʰʹʿʻʸʰʯ ʻʴʫʨ ˀʬʨʹʸʻʲʵʹ, ʪʨʫʨʲʨˆʵʹ ʳʰˇʨ˅ʭʻʲʵʩʰʹ
ʪʸ˃ʴʵʩʨ ʫʨ ʳʰʬʴʫʵʹ ˄ʳʰʴʫʨ ʫʨʴʨ˄ʬʹʬʩʹ. ʻʨʳʰʹʵʫ ʨʫʭʰʲʰʨ
ʱʨ˂ʰʹ ʪʮʰʫʨʴ ʨ˂ʫʬʴʨ - ʯʭʰʯ ˆʬʲʳ˄ʰʼʬʯʨ ʹʨʭʨʲ ʪʮʨʮʬ˂ ʱʰ,

34

Tavi mesame – karma-ioga

ʸʵʳʬʲʹʨ˂ ʻʭʲʰʨʴ ʫʨ ʹʨʰʳʬʫʵʫ ʰ˂ʨʭʬʴ, ʳʻʫʨʳ ˁʨʹʨʼʸʬʩʻʲʰʨ
ʻʩʬʫʻʸʰ ˀʬʳʯˆʭʬʭʰʹ ˀʬʹʨ˃ʲʬʩʲʵʩʨ; ʨʹʬ ʹʨˆʰʼʨʯʵʨ
ʶʰʸʵʭʴʬʩʰʹ ʹʭʲʨ ˂ˆʵʭʸʬʩʰʹ ʪʮʨʮʬ ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ ˂ʴʵʩʰʬʸʬʩʰʹ
ʪʨʸʬˀʬ.
ʳʨʺʬʸʰʨʲʻʸ ʻʸʯʰʬʸʯʵʩʨʯʨ ʪʨʳʵ ʻˆʹʵʭʨʸʰ ʫʸʵʰʫʨʴ
ʳʵʭʪʿʭʬʩʨ ʪʸ˃ʴʵʩʨʯʨ ʫʨʱʳʨʿʵʼʰʲʬʩʰʹ ˄ʨʫʰʲʰ, ʸʨ˂ ʰʹʬ
˃ʲʰʬʸʰʨ, ʸʵʳ ʳʨʯʰ ʳʵ˄ʬʹʸʰʪʬʩʻʲʰ ʫʨʱʳʨʿʵʼʰʲʬʩʰʹ
ʳʰʻˆʬʫʨʭʨʫ ʳʨʰʴ˂ ʰʨʸʹʬʩʬʩʹ ʫʨ˂ʬʳʰʹ ʫʰʫʰ ʪʨʴʹʨ˂ʫʬʲʰ;
ʨʳʰʺʵʳ ʿʵʭʬʲʳˆʸʰʭ ʻʴʫʨ ʭ˂ʨʫʵʯ ʫʨ ʳʵʴʨʫ ʨʸ ʫʨʭʻʫʪʬʯ
ʯʻʴʫʨ˂ ʫʨʳʵʸˁʰʲʬʩʻʲ ʪʻʲʰʹʯʽʳʨʹ.
ʳʨʪʸʨʳ ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ ˂ʴʵʩʰʬʸʬʩʰʹʨʫʳʰ ʫʨʻʸʾʭʬʭʬʲʰ ʳʰˇʨ˅ʭʻʲʵʩʨ,
ʨʴʻ ʳʰʹʰ ʹʰʿʭʨʸʻʲʰʯ ʪʨ˂ʰʹʱʸʵʭʴʬʩʻʲʰ ʹʨʳʹʨˆʻʸʰ
ʪʭʨʯʨʭʰʹʼʻʲʬʩʹ ʹʨʱʻʯʨʸʰ ʹʰʹʻʹʺʰʹʨʪʨʴ ʪʸ˃ʴʵʩʨʯʨ ʳʰʳʨʸʯ.
ʹʰ˂ʵ˂ˆʲʰʹ ʨʸ˂ ʬʸʯ ʹʺʨʫʰʨʮʬ ʨʸʨʭʰʴ ʻʴʫʨ ʬ˂ʨʫʵʹ ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ
˂ʴʵʩʰʬʸʬʩʰʹʨʪʨʴ ˁʨʳʵ˂ʰʲʬʩʨʹ. ʪʸ˃ʴʵʩʨʯʨ ʳʵʯʵʱʭʨ
ʫʨʪʭʬˆʳʨʸʬʩʨ, ʸʵʳ ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ ˂ʴʵʩʰʬʸʬʩʰʹ ʫʵʴʬʳʫʬ ʨʭʳʨʾʲʫʬʯ.
ʲʬʽʹʰ 35
ˀʬʳʮʬ ʫʨ˄ʬʹʬʩʻʲʰ ʳʵʭʨʲʬʵʩʬʩʰ, ʯʭʰʯ ʳ˂ʫʨʸʰ ʪʮʰʯ
ˀʬʹʸʻʲʬʩʻʲʰ, ʪʬʸˁʰʵʹ ʹˆʭʰʹ ʹʸʻʲʿʵʼʰʲʨʫ ʳʰʾ˄ʬʻʲʹ.
ʹʨʱʻʯʨʸʰ ʭʨʲʰʹ ʨʾʹʸʻʲʬʩʰʹ ʪʮʨʮʬ ʹʰʱʭʫʰʲʰ ʪʬʸˁʰʵʹ ʹˆʭʰʹʰ
ʳʵʭʨʲʬʵʩʬʩʰʹ ˀʬʹʸʻʲʬʩʰʹʨʹ ʹʰ˂ʵ˂ˆʲʬʹ. ʳʨʸʨʫ ʹʨˆʰʼʨʯʵʨ
ʹˆʭʰʹ ʪʮʨʮʬ ʫʪʵʳʨ.
ˀʰʴʨ-ʨʸʹʰ. ʨʫʨʳʰʨʴʳʨ ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ ˂ʴʵʩʰʬʸʬʩʰʯ ʻʴʫʨ ˀʬʨʹʸʻʲʵʹ
ʳʨʹʮʬ ʫʨ˄ʬʹʬʩʻʲʰ ʫʨ ʨʸʨ ʹˆʭʬʩʰʹʨʯʭʰʹ ʪʨʴʱʻʯʭʴʰʲʰ
ʳʵʭʨʲʬʵʩʬʩʰ. ʬʹ ʳʵʭʨʲʬʵʩʬʩʰ ʨʫʨʳʰʨʴʹ ʬ˃ʲʬʭʨ ʳʨʺʬʸʰʨʲʻʸʰ
ʩʻʴʬʩʰʹ ʳʵʫʻʹʬʩʰʹ ʪʨʭʲʬʴʰʯ ˀʬʽʳʴʰʲʰ ʼʹʵʽʵʼʰʮʰʱʻʸʰ
ʳʫʪʵʳʨʸʬʵʩʰʹ ˀʬʹʨʩʨʳʰʹʨʫ. ʹʻʲʰʬʸ ʳʵʭʨʲʬʵʩʬʩʹ ʱʰ ʹʻʲʰʬʸʰ
ʳʵ˃ʾʭʨʸʰ ʪʭʨʱʰʹʸʬʩʹ ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ ʺʸʨʴʹ˂ʬʴʫʬʴʺʻʸʰ
ʹʨʳʹʨˆʻʸʰʹʨʯʭʰʹ, ʳʰ˄ʰʬʸʰ˂ ʯʻ ʹʻʲʰʬʸʰ˂ ʨʫʨʳʰʨʴʳʨ
ʹʰʱʭʫʰʲʨʳʫʬ ʳʺʱʰ˂ʬʫ ʻʴʫʨ ˀʬʨʹʸʻʲʵʹ, ʯʨʴʨ˂ ʹˆʭʨʯʨ
ʳʵʭʨʲʬʵʩʬʩʮʬ ʼʰʽʸʰʹ ʪʨʸʬˀʬ.

35

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ʳʵʭʨʲʬʵʩʬʩʰ ʹʻʲʰʬʸ ʫʨ ʳʨʺʬʸʰʨʲʻʸ ʹʨʼʬˆʻʸʬʩʮʬ
ʪʨʴʹˆʭʨʭʫʬʩʨ ʬʸʯʳʨʴʬʯʰʹʨʪʨʴ, ʳʨʪʸʨʳ ʨʾʰʨʸʬʩʻʲʰ
ʫʨʳʸʰʪʬʩʬʲʰ ʳʵ˃ʾʭʸʰʹ ʳʰʯʰʯʬʩʬʩʰʹ ʪʨʯʭʨʲʰʹ˄ʰʴʬʩʨ ʳʻʫʨʳ
ʹʨʹʰʱʬʯʵʫ ˄ʨʨʫʪʬʩʨ ˀʬʳʹʸʻʲʬʩʬʲʹ. ʸʵʫʬʹʨ˂ ˂ʵ˂ˆʨʲʰ ʨʸʹʬʩʨ
ʳʨʺʬʸʰʨʲʻʸʰ ʩʻʴʬʩʰʹ ʳʵʫʻʹʬʩʰʯ ʨʸʰʹ ʳʵˇʨʫʵʬʩʻʲʰ, ʳʨʴ
ʯʨʭʰʹʰ ʳʵ˂ʬʳʻʲʰ ʳʫʪʵʳʨʸʬʵʩʰʹʨʯʭʰʹ ʹʨ˅ʰʸʵ ʱʨʴʵʴʬʩʰʯ
ʻʴʫʨ ʰˆʬʲʳ˃ʾʭʨʴʬʲʵʹ ʫʨ ʨʸ ʳʰˈʩʨ˃ʵʹ ʹˆʭʬʩʹ. ʳʨʪʨʲʰʯʨʫ,
ʩʸʨˈʳʨʴʳʨ, ʸʵʳʬʲʰ˂ ʹʨʯʴʵʬʩʰʹ ʳʵʫʻʹˀʰ ʰʳʿʵʼʬʩʨ, ˃ʨʲʨʫʵʩʨʹ
ʨʸ ʻʴʫʨ ʳʰʳʨʸʯʵʹ, ʳʨˀʰʴ ʸʵʫʬʹʨ˂ ʱˀʨʺʸʰʨʹ, ʸʵʳʬʲʰ˂ ʭʴʬʩʰʹ
ʳʵʫʻʹˀʰʨ, ˃ʨʲʰʹ ˆʳʨʸʬʩʰʹ ʻʼʲʬʩʨ ʨʽʭʹ. ʱˀʨʺʸʰʨʹ ʻˇʵʩʹ
ʫʨʳʨʸ˂ˆʫʬʹ ˃ʨʲʳʵʳʸʬʵʩʰʹ ʶʸʰʴ˂ʰʶʬʩʰʹ ʫʨ˂ʭʰʹʨʹ, ʭʰʫʸʬ
ʳʰˈʩʨ˃ʵʹ ʩʸʨˈʳʨʴʹ, ʸʵʳʬʲʰ˂ ʨʸʨ˃ʨʲʳʵʳʸʬʵʩʰʹ ʶʸʰʴ˂ʰʶʹ
ʳʰˈʿʭʬʩʨ. ʶʰʸʵʭʴʬʩʰʹ ʪʻʲʰ ʯʨʴʫʨʯʨʴʵʩʰʯ ʻʴʫʨ ʪʨʴʰ˄ʳʰʴʫʵʹ
ʫʨ ʨʸʨ ʳʿʰʹʰʬʸʨʫ.
ʸʵʫʬʹʨ˂ ˂ʵ˂ˆʨʲʰ ʨʸʹʬʩʨ ʳʨʺʬʸʰʨʲʻʸʰ ʩʻʴʬʩʰʹ ʳʵʫʻʹʬʩʹ
ʪʨʫʨʲʨˆʨʭʹ ʫʨ ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ ˂ʴʵʩʰʬʸʬʩʨʹ ʹʸʻʲʨʫ ʬʮʰʨʸʬʩʨ,
ˀʬ˃ʲʬʩʹ ʿʭʬʲʨʼʬʸʰ ˀʬʨʹʸʻʲʵʹ ˅ʬˀʳʨʸʰʺʰ ʹʻʲʰʬʸʰ ʳʵ˃ʾʭʸʰʹ
˄ʰʴʨʳ˃ʾʵʲʵʩʰʯ. ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ ˂ʴʵʩʰʬʸʬʩʰʹ ʨʳ ʹʸʻʲʿʵʼʰʲ
ʫʵʴʬʮʬ ʻʱʭʬ ʱˀʨʺʸʰʨʹ ˀʬʬ˃ʲʬʩʨ ʩʸʨˈʳʨʴʰʹ ʹʨʽʳʬ ˀʬʨʹʸʻʲʵʹ, ʨʴ
ʩʸʨˈʳʨʴʳʨ ʰʳʵʽʳʬʫʵʹ ʱˀʨʺʸʰʨʹ ʫʨʸʨʫ. ʺʸʨʴʹ˂ʬʴʫʬʴʺʻʸʰ
ʫʵʴʬ ʳʨʺʬʸʰʨʲʻʸʰ ʹʨʳʿʨʸʵʹʨʯʭʰʹ ʫʨʳʨˆʨʹʰʨʯʬʩʬʲʰ
ʪʨʴʹˆʭʨʭʬʩʬʩʰʹ ʳʰʾʳʨʨ. ʳʨʪʨʲʰʯʨʫ, ʭʰˀʭʨʳʰʺʸʨ ʯʨʭʰʫʨʴ
ʱˀʨʺʸʰʨ ʰʿʵ, ʳʨʪʸʨʳ ˀʬʳʫʪʵ ʩʸʨˈʳʨʴʰʭʰʯ ʰʽ˂ʬʵʫʨ; ʶʨʸʨˀʻʸʨʳʨ
ʩʸʨˈʳʨʴʰ ʰʿʵ, ʳʨʪʸʨʳ ʳʵʪʭʰʨʴʬʩʰʯ ʱˀʨʺʸʰʨʹʨʭʰʯ ʳʵʽʳʬʫʬʩʫʨ.
ʳʨʯ ʨʳʰʹ ʻʼʲʬʩʨ ˈʽʵʴʫʨʯ, ʭʰʴʨʰʫʨʴ ʺʸʨʴʹ˂ʬʴʫʬʴʺʻʸ ʫʵʴʬʮʬ
ʰʳʿʵʼʬʩʵʫʴʬʴ; ʳʨʪʸʨʳ ʹʨʴʨʳ ˂ʵ˂ˆʨʲʰ ʨʸʹʬʩʨ ʳʰ˄ʰʬʸʬʩʰʹ ʺʿʭʬʨ,
ʳʨʺʬʸʰʨʲʻʸʰ ʩʻʴʬʩʰʹ ʳʵʫʻʹʬʩʰʯ ʪʨʴʹʨʮʾʭʸʻʲ ʯʨʭʰʹ
ʳʵʭʨʲʬʵʩʬʩʮʬ ʻʨʸʰ ʨʸ ʻʴʫʨ ʯʽʭʨʹ. ʨʳʨʹʯʨʴʨʭʬ ʳʯʬʲʰ ʨʸʹʬʩʰʯ
ʻʴʫʨ ʬʹ˄ʸʨʼʵʫʬʹ ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ ˂ʴʵʩʰʬʸʬʩʰʹ ʪʨʪʬʩʨʹ.
ʲʬʽʹʰ 36
ʨʸˇʻʴʨʳ ʯʽʭʨ: ʵ, ʭʸʰˀʴʰʹ ˀʯʨʳʵʳʨʭʨʲʵ, ʸʨ ʻʩʰ˃ʪʬʩʹ ˂ʵ˂ˆʨʲ
ʨʸʹʬʩʨʹ ˂ʵʫʭʰʹ ˁʨʹʨʫʬʴʨʫ; ʳʰʹ ʻʴʬʩʻʸʨʫ, ʯʰʯʽʵʹ ʸʨʾʨ˂ ˃ʨʲʨ
ʨʽʬʮʬʩʫʬʹ.

36

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ˀʰʴʨ-ʨʸʹʰ. ˂ʵ˂ˆʨʲʰ ʨʸʹʬʩʨ, ʸʵʪʵʸ˂ ʻʼʲʰʹ ʪʨʴʻʿʵʼʬʲʰ
ʴʨ˄ʰʲʨʱʰ, ʯʨʭʫʨʶʰʸʭʬʲʰ ʹʨˆʰʯ ʹʻʲʰʬʸʰʨ ʫʨ ˄ʳʰʴʫʨ ʳʵʱʲʬʩʻʲʰ ʳʰ˄ʰʬʸʬʩʰʹ ʹʰʩʰʴ˃ʻʸʬʹ, ʨʳʽʭʬʿʴʰʻʸ ˂ʵʫʭʬʩʹ
ʳʰʾʳʨ ʨʸʹʬʩʻʲʰ. ʳʨʪʸʨʳ ʸʵʫʬʹʨ˂ ʳʨʺʬʸʰʨʲʻʸ ʩʻʴʬʩʨʹʯʨʴ
ʻʸʯʰʬʸʯʵʩʨʹ ʰ˄ʿʬʩʹ, ʮʵʪˇʬʸ ʹʨʱʻʯʨʸʰ ʹʻʸʭʰʲʰʹ
ʹʨ˄ʰʴʨʨʾʳʫʬʪʵʫʨ˂ ʻˆʫʬʩʨ ʨʯʨʹʪʭʨʸʰ ˂ʵʫʭʰʲʰ ʹʨʽʳʰʹ ˁʨʫʬʴʨ.
ʨʸˇʻʴʨʹ ʱʰʯˆʭʨ ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹʨʫʳʰ ʳʬʺʨʫ ʳʴʰˀʭʴʬʲʵʭʨʴʰʨ, ʰʪʰ
˂ʵ˂ˆʨʲʰ ʨʸʹʬʩʰʹ ʫʨʳʨˆʰʴˇʬʩʻʲ ʩʻʴʬʩʨʹ ʬˆʬʩʨ. ʱʨ˂ʹ ʮʵʪˇʬʸ
ʨʸ˂ ʹʻʸʹ ˂ʵʫʭʰʹ ˁʨʫʬʴʨ, ʳʨʰʴ˂ ʰ˃ʻʲʬʩʻʲʰʨ, ˀʬʹʵʫʵʹ.
ʨʳʪʭʨʸʰ ˂ʵʫʭʰʲʰ ʹʨʽʳʰʨʴʵʩʬʩʰʹʨʱʬʴ ʳʨʹ ˀʰʴʨʪʨʴʰ ˆʳʨ ʮʬʹʻʲʰʹ ʴʬʩʨ ʱʰ ʨʸ ʻʩʰ˃ʪʬʩʹ, ʨʸʨʳʬʫ ʹʻʲ ʹˆʭʨ ʸʨʳ, ʸʨʹʨ˂
ʻʼʨʲʰ ˀʬʳʫʬʪ ʲʬʽʹˀʰ ʪʨʴʳʨʸʺʨʭʹ.
ʲʬʽʹʰ 37
ʻʮʬʴʨʬʹʳʨ ʾʳʸʯʨʬʩʸʰʭʳʨ ʶʰʸʵʭʴʬʩʨʳ ʻʶʨʹʻˆʨ: ʬʹ ʳˆʵʲʵʫ
ˆʵʸ˂ʰʹʳʰʬʸʰ ˂ʵʫʭʨʨ, ʨʸˇʻʴʨ, ʸʵʳʬʲʹʨ˂ ʭʴʬʩʰʹ ʳʨʺʬʸʰʨʲʻʸ
ʳʵʫʻʹʯʨʴ ʻʸʯʰʬʸʯʵʩʨ ʩʨʫʬʩʹ ʱʨ˂ˀʰ. ʭʴʬʩʰʹ ˃ʨˆʰʲʰ
ʳʵʪʭʰʨʴʬʩʰʯ ʳʸʰʹˆʨʴʬʩʨʫ ʪʨʫʨʰʽ˂ʬʭʨ ʫʨ ʨʳ ʹʨʳʿʨʸʵʹ ʿʵʭʲʰʹ
ˀʯʨʴʳʯʽʳʬʲ ʳʺʸʨʫ ʳʵʬʭʲʰʴʬʩʨ.
ˀʰʴʨ-ʨʸʹʰ. ʸʵʫʬʹʨ˂ ˂ʵ˂ˆʨʲʰ ʨʸʹʬʩʨ ʳʨʺʬʸʰʨʲʻʸ ʹʨʳʿʨʸʵˀʰ
ʭʴʬʩʰʹ ʸʱʨʲˀʰ ʬʽ˂ʬʭʨ, ʻʼʲʰʹ ʳʨʸʨʫʰʻʲʰ ʹʰʿʭʨʸʻʲʰʹ
ʴʨ˂ʭʲʨʫ ʨʭˆʵʸ˂ʵʩʨʹ ʳʰˈʿʭʬʩʨ, ʨʴʻ ʾʳʬʸʯʰʹ ʹʰʿʭʨʸʻʲʰʹʨʯʭʰʹ
ʴʨʩʵ˃ʬʩʰ ʪʸ˃ʴʵʩʬʩʰ ʪʨʸʿʭʴʰʲʬʩʰʹ ʳʹʨˆʻʸʨʫ ʪʨʸʫʨʰʽʳʴʬʩʰʨʴ ʰʹʬʭʬ ʸʵʪʵʸ˂ ʸ˃ʬ ʳʷʨʭʬ ʱʭʬʯʰʹ ˀʬʸʬʭʰʯ ʰʽ˂ʬʭʨ ʳʨ˄ʭʴʨʫ. ˀʬʳʫʬʪ
ʨʭˆʵʸ˂ʵʩʨ, ʯʻ ʭʬʸ ʨʰʹʸʻʲʬʩʹ ʹʨ˄ʨʫʬʲʹ, ʳʸʰʹˆʨʴʬʩʰʹ ʹʨˆʬʹ
ʰʾʬʩʹ. ʳʸʰʹˆʨʴʬʩʨ ʪʨʫʨʰʽ˂ʬʭʨ ˄ʨʸʳʵʹʨˆʭʨʫ, ʸʨ˂ ˄ʨʸʳʨʭʨʲ ʿʵʼʨʹ
ʫʨʻʹʸʻʲʬʩʬʲ ʨʸʹʬʩʵʩʨʫ ʳʵʨˁʭʬʴʬʩʹ ʨʫʨʳʰʨʴʹ. ˆʵʸ˂ʰʹ
ʳʹʨˆʻʸʬʩʨ ˂ʵ˂ˆʨʲʰ ʨʸʹʬʩʰʹ ʻʫʰʫʬʹʰ ʳʺʬʸʰʨ ʫʨ ʳˆʵʲʵʫ ʰʪʰ
ʨʰ˃ʻʲʬʩʹ, ʳʨʺʬʸʰʨʲʻʸʰ ʹʨʳʿʨʸʵʹ ʺʿʭʬʵʩʨ ʳʵʯʳʰʴʬʩʰʯ,
ʮʵʪˇʬʸ ʴʬʺʨʸʬʩʰʯʨ˂ ʨʰʺʨʴʵʹ.
ʳʸʰʹˆʨʴʬʩʨ ʻʪʻʴʻʸʬʩʰʹ ʳʵʫʻʹʰʹ ʪʨʳʵʭʲʬʴʨʨ. ʨʳʰʺʵʳ, ʯʻ
˄ʳʰʴʫʨ ˄ʬʸʰʲʬʩʰʹ ʳʰˆʬʫʭʰʯ, ˂ˆʵʭʸʬʩʰʹʨ ʫʨ ʳʵʽʳʬʫʬʩʰʹ

37

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ʫʨʴʨ˄ʬʹʯʨ ʹʨʼʻ˃ʭʬʲʮʬ ʻʪʻʴʻʸʬʩʨʳʫʬ ʫʬʪʸʨʫʨ˂ʰʰʹ ʴʨ˂ʭʲʨʫ
ʱʨ˂ʰ ʹʨʯʴʵʬʩʨʳʫʬ ʨʳʨʾʲʫʬʩʨ, ʳʨˀʰʴ ʹʻʲʰʬʸʰ ʳʰˇʨ˅ʭʻʲʵʩʰʹ
˄ʿʨʲʵʩʰʯ ʰʪʰ ˀʬʰ˃ʲʬʩʨ ʪʨʫʨʻʸˁʬʹ ʳʸʰʹˆʨʴʬʩʰʯ ʪʨʳʵ˄ʭʬʻʲ
ʫʨʱʴʰʴʬʩʨʹ. ˂ʵ˂ˆʨʲʰ ʨʸʹʬʩʰʹ ʳʨʸʨʫ ʳʮʨʸʫʰ ʹʻʲʰʬʸʰ
ʴʬʺʨʸʬʩʰʹʨʯʭʰʹ ʻʮʬʴʨʬʹʰ ʾʳʸʯʨʬʩʸʰʭʰ ʶʰʸʵʭʴʬʩʨ ʹʨʱʻʯʨʸ
ʯʨʭʹ ʳʸʨʭʨʲ ʹʨˆʬˀʰ ʪʨʴʨʼʬʴʹ. ˂ʵ˂ˆʨʲʰ ʨʸʹʬʩʬʩʰ ʱʰ ʨʳ ʹʻʲʰʬʸʰ
ʴʬʺʨʸʬʩʰʹ ʪʨʴʻʿʵʼʬʲʰ ʴʨ˄ʰʲʨʱʬʩʰ ʨʸʰʨʴ. ʳʨʯʨ˂ ʴʨ˄ʰʲʵʩʸʰʭʰ
ʫʨʳʵʻʱʰʫʬʩʲʵʩʨ ʨʽʭʯ ʴʨʩʵ˃ʬʩʰ, ʳʨʪʸʨʳ ʨʳ ʯʭʰʯʳʿʵʼʵʩʰʹ
ʨʸʨʹ˄ʵʸʰ ʪʨʳʵʿʬʴʬʩʰʯ, ʸʵʫʬʹʨ˂ ʾʭʯʰʹʳʹʨˆʻʸʬʩʰʹ
ʳʵʯˆʵʭʴʰʲʬʩʨ ʪʸ˃ʴʵʩʨʯʨ ʫʨʱʳʨʿʵʼʰʲʬʩʰʹ ʳʰʫʸʬʱʰʲʬʩʨʫ
ʪʨʫʨʰʽ˂ʬʭʨ, ʨʭˆʵʸ˂ʵʩʰʹ ʳʵʴʬʩʰ ˆʫʬʩʰʨʴ. ʻʼʨʲʳʨ
ʪʨʴʶʰʸʵʩʬʩʻʲ ʹʻʲʬʩʹ ʨʹʬʯʰ ʩʰ˄ʰʬʸʰ ʹʻʸʭʰʲʬʩʰʹ ʨʹʸʻʲʬʩʰʹ
ʹʨˀʻʨʲʬʩʨ ʳʰʹ˂ʨ ʰʽʨʳʫʬ, ʭʰʫʸʬ ʪʨʸʿʭʴʰʲʬʩʰʯ ʫʨʾʲʰʲʴʰ
ʹʸʻʲ ʹʨʪʵʴʬʩʬʲˀʰ ʨʸ ˁʨʭʨʸʫʬʩʰʨʴ ʫʨ ʨʸ ʫʨʰʴʺʬʸʬʹʫʬʩʰʨʴ
ʹʨʱʻʯʨʸʰ ˅ʬˀʳʨʸʰʺʰ “ʳʬʵʩʰʯ”.
ʨʳʨʹ ʬˆʬʩʨ ʱʰʯˆʭʨ “ʭʬʫʨʴʺʨ-ʹʻʺʸʨʹ” ʫʨʹʨ˄ʿʰʹˀʰ, ʹʨʫʨ˂
ʴʨʯʽʭʨʳʰʨ, ʨʯˈʨʺʵ ʩʸʨˈʳʨ-ˇʰˇʴʨʹʨ: ʹʨ˅ʰʸʵʨ ʭʰʱʰʯˆʵʯ, ʭʰʴ
ʨʸʰʹ ʻʮʬʴʨʬʹʰ. “ˀʸʰʳʨʫ-ʩˈʨʪʨʭʨʺʨʳˀʰ” ʱʰ ʻʮʬʴʨʬʹʰ
ʪʨʴʳʨʸʺʬʩʻʲʰʨ, ʸʵʪʵʸ˂ ˇʨʴʳʨʫʰ-ʨʹʰʨ ʰʨʺʨˈ, ʸʨ˂ ʴʰˀʴʨʭʹ, ʸʵʳ
“ʿʵʭʲʰʹ ʹʨʯʨʭʬ ʻʮʬʴʨʬʹʰ ʩʸʨˈʳʨʴʰʨ”. ʳʨˀʨʹʨʫʨʳʬ, ʨʭˆʵʸ˂ʵʩʰʹ
ʹʨʯʨʭʬ˂ ʻʮʬʴʨʬʹʰ ʿʵʼʰʲʨ. ʨʳʰʺʵʳ ʯʻ ʳʨʴʱʰʬʸʰ
ʳʰʫʸʬʱʰʲʬʩʨʴʰ ʻʮʬʴʨʬʹʰʹ ʹʰʿʭʨʸʻʲʨʫ, ʨʴʻ ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ
˂ʴʵʩʰʬʸʬʩʨʫ ʪʨʸʫʨʰʽʳʴʬʩʨ, ʯʻ ʿʭʬʲʨʼʬʸʹ ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ
ʳʰʭʻ˃ʾʭʴʰʯ, ʳʨˀʰʴ ʨʭˆʵʸ˂ʵʩʨ˂ʨ ʫʨ ʳʸʰʹˆʨʴʬʩʨ˂ ʹʻʲʰʬʸʬʩʨʹ
ʳʰʬʨˆʲʬʩʨ. ˈʨʴʻʳʨʴʳʨ, ʻʼʨʲʰ ʸʨʳʨʹ ʻʫʰʫʬʹʳʨ ʳʹʨˆʻʸʳʨ,
ʳʸʰʹˆʨʴʬʩʰʯ ʨʴʯʬʩʻʲʳʨ ʸʨʭʨʴʨʹ ʵʽʸʵʹ ʽʨʲʨʽʰ ʪʨʫʨ˄ʭʨ, ʳʨʪʸʨʳ
ʨʹʬʯʰ ʹʨʽ˂ʰʬʲʰʯ ʰʪʰ ʻʼʲʰʹ ʻʫʰʫʬʹʰ ʬʸʯʪʻʲʰ ʪʨˆʫʨ. ʨʽʨ˂,
“ʩˈʨʪʨʭʨʫ-ʪʰʺʨˀʰ”, ʻʼʨʲʰ ʨʽʬʮʬʩʹ ʨʸˇʻʴʨʹ, ʸʵʳ ʳʺʸʰʹʱʬʴ
ʳʰʳʨʸʯʵʹ ʳʸʰʹˆʨʴʬʩʨ ʫʨ ʨʳʰʯ ʨʹʰʨʳʵʭʴʵʹ ʻʮʬʴʨʬʹʹ. ʨʳʰʺʵʳ
ʨʫʨʳʰʨʴʯʨ ʩʰ˄ʰʬʸʰ ʯʭʰʹʬʩʬʩʰʹ ʪʨʳʵʿʬʴʬʩʨ˂ ˀʬʰ˃ʲʬʩʨ ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ
˂ʴʵʩʰʬʸʬʩʨˀʰ.
ʲʬʽʹʰ 38

38

Tavi mesame – karma-ioga

ʸʵʪʵʸ˂ ˂ʬ˂ˆʲʰ ʰʩʻʸʬʩʨ ʱʭʨʳʲʰʯ, ʹʨʸʱʬ - ʳʺʸʰʯ, ʨʴ ˁʨʴʨʹʨˆʰ
ʫʬʫʰʹ ˄ʰʨʾʰʯ, ʨʳ ʭʴʬʩʰʹʳʰʬʸʰ ʨʭˆʵʸ˂ʵʩʰʯ ˀʬʳʵʪʨʸʹʻʲʰʨ
ʿʵʭʬʲʰ ʨʸʹʬʩʨ.
ˀʰʴʨ-ʨʸʹʰ. ˂ʵ˂ˆʨʲʰ ʨʸʹʬʩʰʹ ˂ʴʵʩʰʬʸʬʩʰʹ ʫʨʩʰʴʫʭʨ
ʨʭˆʵʸ˂ʻʲʰ ʻ˃ʾʬʩʵʩʰʯ ʹˆʭʨʫʨʹˆʭʨʪʭʨʸʨʫ ʭʲʰʴʫʬʩʨ. ʰʪʰ
ˈʪʨʭʹ ˂ʬ˂ˆʲʰʹ ʫʨʳʩʭʰʴʫʬʲ ʱʭʨʳʲʹ, ʹʨʸʱʬʮʬ ʳʺʭʬʸʹ ʫʨ
ˁʨʴʨʹʨˆʰʹ ʪʨʸˀʬʳʵ ʫʬʫʰʹ ˄ʰʨʾʹ ʱʭʨʳʲʰʯ ˀʬʩʻʸʻʲʰ ˂ʬ˂ˆʲʰʹ
ʴʨʶʬʸ˄ʱʲʬʩʰ ʵʫʴʨʭ ʪʨʳʵʹ˅ʭʰʭʰʹ. ʹˆʭʨ ʹʰʺʿʭʬʩʰʯ ʸʵʳ ʭʯʽʭʨʯ,
ʸʵʫʬʹʨ˂ ʶʰʸʵʭʴʬʩʨ ʵʫʴʨʭ ʨʭʲʬʴʹ ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ ˂ʴʵʩʰʬʸʬʩʨʹ, ʰʪʰ
ʱʭʨʳʲʰʯ ʫʨʼʬʸʻʲ ˂ʬ˂ˆʲʰʹ ʴʨʶʬʸ˄ʱʨʲʹ ʬʫʸʬʩʨ. ʹʨʫʨ˂
ʱʭʨʳʲʰʨ, ʰʽ ˂ʬ˂ˆʲʰ˂ ʻʴʫʨ ʰʿʵʹ, ʳʨʪʸʨʳ ʰʪʰ ˇʬʸ ʹʻʹʺʰʨ ʫʨ
ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ ˂ʴʵʩʰʬʸʬʩʰʹ ʪʨʾʭʰ˃ʬʩʰʹ ʫʨʹʨ˄ʿʰʹʹ ˈʪʨʭʹ.
ʹʨʸʱʬʮʬ ʫʨʫʬʩʻʲʰ ʳʺʭʸʰʹ ʪʨʫʨ˄ʳʬʴʫʨ ʨʯʨʹʪʭʨʸʰ ʹʻʲʰʬʸʰ
ʳʬʯʵʫʰʯ ˅ʱʻʰʹ ʹʨʸʱʰʹ ʪʨʴ˄ʳʬʴʫʰʹ ʶʸʵ˂ʬʹʹ ˀʬʬʹʨʩʨʳʬʩʨ, ʳʨʯˀʰ
ʹʨʻʱʬʯʬʹʵ ʹʨˀʻʨʲʬʩʨ ʻʼʲʰʹ ˄ʳʰʴʫʨ ʹʨˆʬʲʯʨ ʪʨʲʵʩʨʨ. ʫʬʫʰʹ
˄ʰʨʾˀʰ ˁʨʴʨʹʨˆʰ ʱʨ˂ʰʹ ʻʳ˄ʬʵ ʳʫʪʵʳʨʸʬʵʩʰʹ ʨʴʨʲʵʪʰʨʨ.
˂ˆʵʭʸʬʩʰʹ ʬʹ ʹʺʨʫʰʨ ˆʰʹ ʳʫʪʵʳʨʸʬʵʩʨʹ ˀʬʰ˃ʲʬʩʨ ˀʬʭʨʫʨʸʵʯ.
ˆʬʬʩʰ˂ ˂ʵ˂ˆʨʲʰ ʨʸʹʬʩʬʩʰ ʨʸʰʨʴ, ʳʨʪʸʨʳ ʸʨʾʨ˂ ˀʬ˂ʵʫʬʩʨʯʨ
ʪʨʳʵ ʳʵʱʲʬʩʻʲʴʰ ʨʸʰʨʴ ʿʵʭʬʲʪʭʨʸ ˂ʴʵʩʰʬʸʬʩʨʹ. ʫʨʳʺʭʬʸʰʲʰ
ʹʨʸʱʬ ʼʸʰʴʭʬʲʬʩʹʨ ʫʨ ˂ˆʵʭʬʲʬʩʹ, ʱʭʨʳʲʰʯ ʫʨʼʨʸʻʲʰ
˂ʬ˂ˆʲʰ ʱʰ - ʨʫʨʳʰʨʴʹ ˈʪʨʭʹ.
ʨʫʨʳʰʨʴʰʹ ʼʵʸʳʨˀʰ ʳʿʵʼʳʨ ˂ʵ˂ˆʨʲʳʨ ʨʸʹʬʩʨʳ ˀʬʰ˃ʲʬʩʨ
ʯʨʭʰʹʯʨʭˀʰ ʪʨʨʾʭʰ˃ʵʹ ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ ˂ʴʵʩʰʬʸʬʩʰʹ ʴʨʶʬʸ˄ʱʨʲʰ ʫʨ
ʯʻʱʰ ˄ʰʴʹʭʲʨʹ ʪʨʨʪʸ˃ʬʲʬʩʹ, ʹʻʲʰʬʸʰ ˂ˆʵʭʸʬʩʰʹ ˂ʬ˂ˆʲʰʹ
ʨʪʰʮʪʰʮʬʩʨʹ ˀʬ˃ʲʬʩʹ. ʯʻʱʰ ʱʭʨʳʲʹ ʼʸʯˆʰʲʨʫ ʪʨʭʼʨʴʺʨʭʯ,
ʨʲʰ ʨʭʨʸʫʬʩʨ. ʨʳʰʺʵʳ ʨʫʨʳʰʨʴʰʹ ʹʰ˂ʵ˂ˆʲʰʹ ʼʵʸʳʨ ˂ʵ˂ˆʨʲ
ʨʸʹʬʩʨʹ ʳʨʺʬʸʰʨʲʻʸʰ ʿʵʼʰʬʸʬʩʰʹ ʺʿʭʬʵʩʰʫʨʴ ʯʨʭʰʹ
ʫʨʾ˄ʬʭʰʹ ˀʬʹʨ˃ʲʬʩʲʵʩʨʹ ʨ˃ʲʬʭʹ. ʨʭʺʵʸʰʺʬʺʻʲʰ
˄ʰʴʨʳ˃ʾʵʲʰʹ ʫʨˆʳʨʸʬʩʰʯ, ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ ˂ʴʵʩʰʬʸʬʩʰʹ ʪʨʴʭʰʯʨʸʬʩʰʹ
ʪʮʰʯ ʨʫʨʳʰʨʴʹ ʳʵʹʰʹˆʲʬ ʳʺʸʰʹ - ʨʭˆʵʸ˂ʵʩʰʹ ʫʨʳʨʸ˂ˆʬʩʨ
ˀʬʻ˃ʲʰʨ.
ʲʬʽʹʰ 39

39

Tavi mesame – karma-ioga

ʨʳʫʬʴʨʫ, ʯʭʰʯ ʩʸ˃ʬʴʰʹ ˄ʳʰʴʫʨ ˂ʴʵʩʰʬʸʬʩʨ˂ ʰʩʰʴʫʬʩʨ ʳʰʹʰ
ʳʨʸʨʫʰʻʲʰ ʳʺʸʰʹ, ʪʨʸʿʭʴʰʲʬʩʰʹ ʳʰʬʸ, ʸʵʳʬʲʰ˂ ʳʻʫʨʳ
ʫʨʻʱʳʨʿʵʼʰʲʬʩʬʲʰʨ ʫʨ ʭʰʯʨʸ˂ʨ ˂ʬ˂ˆʲʰ ˄ʭʨʭʹ ʫʨ ʩʻʪʨʭʹ
ʿʵʭʬʲʰʭʬʹ.
ˀʰʴʨ-ʨʸʹʰ. “ʳʨʴʻ-ʹʨʳˈʰʺʨˀʰ” ʴʨʯʽʭʨʳʰʨ, ʸʵʳ ʨʭˆʵʸ˂ʵʩʰʹ
ʿʵʭʲʰʹ˄ʨʳʲʬʱʨʭʰ ʲʺʵʲʭʰʹ ʫʨʵʱʬʩʨ ˀʬʻ˃ʲʬʩʬʲʰʨ ʪʸ˃ʴʵʩʨʯʨ
˅ʨʸʩʰ ʹʰʨʳʵʭʴʬʩʰʯʨ˂ ʱʰ, ʰʹʬʭʬ ʸʵʪʵʸ˂ ˂ʬ˂ˆʲʰ ʨʸʨʹʵʫʬʹ
ˁʨʽʸʬʩʨ, ʯʻʱʰ ʪʨʴʻ˄ʿʭʬʺʲʰʭ ʫʨʭʻʳʨʺʬʩʯ ʹʨ˄ʭʨʭʹ.
ʳʨʺʬʸʰʨʲʻʸ ʹʨʳʿʨʸʵˀʰ ʿʵʭʬʲʰ ʹʨʽʳʰʨʴʵʩʰʹ ʾʬʸ˃ʰ ʹʬʽʹʰʨ,
ʨʳʰʺʵʳ ʨʳ ʹʨʳʿʨʸʵʹ ʬ˄ʵʫʬʩʨ ʳʨʰʯˈʻʴʰʨ-ʨʪʨʸʨ, ʨʴʻ ʹʽʬʹʵʩʸʰʭʰ
˂ˆʵʭʸʬʩʰʹ ʩʵʸʱʰʲʰ. ˁʭʬʻʲʬʩʸʰʭ ʫʨʳʴʨˀʨʭʬʬʩʹ ˂ʰˆʰʹ ʹʨʱʴʬʩˀʰ
ʨʳ˄ʿʭʫʬʭʬʴ, ʨʹʬʭʬ ʰʳ ʫʨʳʴʨˀʨʭʬʬʩʹ, ʸʵʳʲʬʩʰ˂ ʻʼʲʰʹ ʱʨʴʵʴʬʩʹ
ʨʸ ʬʳʵʸˁʰʲʬʩʰʨʴ, ʬʫʬʩʨʯ ʹʽʬʹʵʩʸʰʭʰ ˂ˆʵʭʸʬʩʰʹ ʩʵʸʱʰʲʬʩʰ.
ʪʸ˃ʴʵʩʨʯʨ ʫʨʱʳʨʿʵʼʰʲʬʩʨʮʬ ʨʪʬʩʻʲʰ ʳʨʺʬʸʰʨʲʻʸʰ
˂ʰʭʰʲʰʮʨ˂ʰʰʹ ʪʨʴʭʰʯʨʸʬʩʨ ˂ʵ˂ˆʨʲʰ ʨʸʹʬʩʰʹ ˆʵʸ˂ʰʬʲʰ
ʨʸʹʬʩʵʩʰʹ ʪʨˆʨʴʪʸ˃ʲʰʭʬʩʨʹ ʴʰˀʴʨʭʹ. ʬ.ʰ. ʻʳʬ˂ʨʸʴʰ ʯʨʭʰʨʴʯʰ
ʩʰ˄ʰʬʸʬʩʰʹ ʪʨʳʵ ʳʨʺʬʸʰʨʲʻʸ ʹʨʳʿʨʸʵˀʰ ʸˁʬʩʰʨʴ. ʪʸ˃ʴʵʩʨʯʨ
ʫʨʱʳʨʿʵʼʰʲʬʩʨʹ ˀʬʰ˃ʲʬʩʨ ʨˆʲʫʬʹ ʪʨʸʱʭʬʻʲʰ ʩʬʫʴʰʬʸʬʩʰʹ
ˀʬʪʸ˃ʴʬʩʨ, ʳʨʪʸʨʳ ʬʹ ʳʵˁʭʬʴʬʩʰʯʰʨ; ʹʰʴʨʳʫʭʰʲʬˀʰ ʨʳ ʭʰʯʵʳ
ʴʬʺʨʸʬʩʰʹ ˀʬʪʸ˃ʴʬʩʨ ʳʯʨʭʨʸʰ ʳʺʬʸʰʨ ʻʼʲʨʳʫʬ ʳʰʾ˄ʬʭʰʹʨ.
ʲʬʽʹʰ 40
ʪʸ˃ʴʵʩʨ, ˂ʴʵʩʰʬʸʬʩʨ ʫʨ ʪʵʴʬʩʨ ʨʳ ʳʨʴʱʰʬʸʬʩʨʯʨ ʹʨʩʸ˃ʨʴʰʹʰʨ.
ʳʨʯʰ ʹʨˀʻʨʲʬʩʰʯ ʰʪʰ ʰʶʿʸʵʩʹ ˂ʵ˂ˆʨʲʰ ʨʸʹʬʩʰʹ ˅ʬˀʳʨʸʰʺ
ʹʰʩʸ˃ʴʬʹ ʫʨ ˂ʯʻʴʬʩʰʹʨ ʯʻ ʹʰʩʸʰʿʭʰʹʨʱʬʴ ʳʰʻ˃ʾʭʬʩʨ.
ˀʰʴʨ-ʨʸʹʰ. ʭʴʬʩʰʹʳʰʬʸʰ ʳʨʴʱʰʬʸʬʩʨʴʰ ʪʨʴʶʰʸʵʩʬʩʻʲʰ ʹʻʲʰʹ
ʹˆʬʻʲˀʰ ʹˆʭʨʫʨʹˆʭʨ ʨʫʪʰʲʮʬ ʨʸʰʨʴ ˁʨʹʨʼʸʬʩʻʲʴʰ; ʻʼʨʲʰ
ʱʸʰˀʴʨ ʹ˄ʵʸʬʫ ʨʹʬʯ ʨʫʪʰʲʬʩʮʨ ʳʰʪʭʨʴʰˀʴʬʩʹ, ʸʨʯʨ ʳʺʸʰʹ
ʫʨʹʨʳʨʸ˂ˆʬʩʲʨʫ ˀʬʳʨʸʯʻʲʳʨ ʰ˂ʵʫʬʹ, ʹʨʫ ʬ˃ʰʵʹ ʰʹʰʴʰ.
˅ʱʻʨ ʯʨʭʹ ʻʿʸʰʹ ʪʸ˃ʴʵʩʨʯʨ ʿʵʭʬʲʪʭʨʸ ʪʨʳʵʭʲʰʴʬʩʨʹ ʫʨ
ʽ˂ʬʭʨʹ. ʰʪʰ, ʸʵʪʵʸ˂ ˄ʬʹʰ, ʹʻʸʭʰʲʯʨ ʫʨʱʳʨʿʵʼʰʲʬʩʰʹʨʱʬʴ
ʲʺʵʲʭʰʹ ˂ʬʴʺʸˀʰʨ.

40

Tavi mesame – karma-ioga

ˀʬʳʫʬʪ ˅ʱʻʨ, ˂ʴʵʩʰʬʸʬʩʨ ʫʨ ʪʸ˃ʴʵʩʬʩʰ ʬʸʯʰʨʴʫʬʩʰʨʴ ʫʨ
ʨʭˆʵʸ˂ ʳʰʫʸʬʱʰʲʬʩʨʯʨ ʳʵʸʬʭʨʫ ʰʽ˂ʬʭʰʨʴ. ˀʬʳʫʬʪ ʱʰ ʴʬʲ-ʴʬʲʨ
ʬʶʨʺʸʵʴʬʩʰʨʴ ʪʵʴʬʩʨʹ. ʪʵʴʬʩʨ ʱʰ ʹʻʲʰʹ ʪʨʴʻˀʵʸʬʩʬʲʰ
ʳʬʮʵʩʬʲʰʨ. ʩʰʴ˃ʻʸʰ ʭʴʬʩʬʩʰʯ ʨʩʵʸʪʬʩʻʲʰ ʪʵʴʬʩʨ ʹʻʲʹʨ˂
ʨʭˆʵʸ˂ʵʩʰʹ ˄ʻʳʶʬʹʱʬʴ ʻʩʰ˃ʪʬʩʹ, ʸʨʯʨ ʹʻʲʹ ʯʨʭʪʮʨ ʨʬʩʴʬʹ ʫʨ
ʨʹ˂ʫʬʹ ʯʨʭʰʹʰ ʯʨʭʰʹ ˀʬ˂ʴʵʩʰʹ ˅ʬˀʳʨʸʰʺ ʪʮʨʹ, ˀʬʳʫʬʪ ʱʰ
ʳʨʺʬʸʰʰʹ ʩʨʫʬˀʰ ʪʨˆʲʨʸʯʻʲʳʨ ʹʨʱʻʯʨʸʰ “ʳʬ” ʭʬʾʨʸ
ʪʨʳʵʨʸˁʰʵʹ ˅ʱʻʰʹʨ ʫʨ ʪʸ˃ʴʵʩʬʩʰʹʨʪʨʴ.
ʫʨʾʳʨʫʨˀʭʬʩʻʲʰ ʹʻʲʰ ˆʵʸ˂ʰʬʲ ʹʰʨʳʵʭʴʬʩʨʯʨ ʳʫʰʴʨʸʬʩʨˀʰ
ʯʨʭʫʨʭʰ˄ʿʬʩʰʯ ʪʨʫʨʬˀʭʬʩʨ ʫʨ ʹʰʴʨʳʫʭʰʲʰʹ ʪʨʪʬʩʰʹ
ʻʴʨʸʫʨˁʲʻʴʪʬʩʻʲʹ ʬʹ ʿʵʭʬʲʰʭʬ ˅ʬˀʳʨʸʰʺ ʩʬʫʴʰʬʸʬʩʨʫ
ʬˁʭʬʴʬʩʨ. ʹʻʲʰʹ ʨʹʬʯʰ ˂ʸʻ ʪʨʪʬʩʨʴʰ ˀʯʨʳʩʬ˅ʫʨʭʨʫ ʨʸʰʹ
ʫʨʫʨʹʺʻʸʬʩʻʲʰ “ˀʸʰʳʨʫ-ʩˈʨʪʨʭʨʺʨʳˀʰ”:
“ʨʫʨʳʰʨʴʰ, ʸʵʳʬʲʰ˂ ʹʨʱʻʯʨʸ ʯʨʭʹ ʹʨʳʰ ʬʲʬʳʬʴʺʰʹʨʪʨʴ (ˈʨʬʸʰ,
ʴʨʾʭʬʲʰ, ʲʵʸ˄ʵ) ˀʬʳʫʪʨʸ ʹˆʬʻʲʯʨʴ ʨʰʪʰʭʬʩʹ; ʨʳʨʹʯʨʴ,
ʹˆʬʻʲʰʹ ʯʨʴʨʳˆʲʬʩʯ ʹʨʱʻʯʨʸ ʴʨʯʬʹʨʭʬʩʨʲʫ ʳʰʰˁʴʬʭʹ;
ʸʵʳʬʲʰ˂ ʯʨʿʭʨʴʰʹ˂ʬʳʰʹ ʹʨʪʴʨʫ ʪʨʰˆʫʰʹ ʰʳ ʳʰ˄ʨʹ, ʹʨʫʨ˂
ʫʨʰʩʨʫʨ, ʫʨ ʭʰʴ˂ ʳʰʬʳʨʸʯʬʩʨ ʳ˄ʰʸʵʩʰʹ ʨʫʪʰʲʬʩˀʰ ʳˆʵʲʵʫ
ʹʨʩʨʴʨʵʫ ʫʨ ʨʸʨ ʺʸʨʴʹ˂ʬʴʫʬʴʺʻʸʰ ˂ʵʫʴʰʹ ʳʽʵʴʬ ˆʨʲˆʯʨʴ
ˀʬʹʨˆʭʬʫʸʨʫ, ʭʰʸʨʫ ʨʴ ˃ʸʵˆʨʫ ʻʴʫʨ ˁʨʰʯʭʨʲʵʹ.”
ʲʬʽʹʰ 41
ʨʳʰʺʵʳ, ʵ, ʨʸˇʻʴʨ, ʩʸʨˈʨʺʨʯʨ ˀʵʸʰʹ ʪʨʳʵʸˁʬʻʲʵ, ʫʨʰʵʱʬ
ʪʸ˃ʴʵʩʬʩʰ, ʯʨʭʰʫʨʴʭʬ ʨʲʨʪʳʬ ʬʹ ʫʰʫʰ ˂ʵʫʭʨ (ʨʭˆʵʸ˂ʵʩʨ) ʫʨ
ʪʨʴʪʳʰʸʬ ˂ʵʫʴʰʹʨ ʫʨ ʯʭʰʯˀʬ˂ʴʵʩʰʹ ʳʵʹʰʹˆʲʬ ʳʺʬʸʰ.
ˀʰʴʨ-ʨʸʹʰ. ʨʸˇʻʴʨʹ ʻʼʨʲʳʨ ʻʸˁʰʨ, ʯʨʭʰʫʨʴʭʬ ʲʨʪʨʳʰ ʨʳʵʬʫʵ
ʯʨʭʰʹʰ ʪʸ˃ʴʵʩʬʩʰʹʨʯʭʰʹ, ʸʨʯʨ ˀʬʹ˃ʲʬʩʵʫʨ ʻʫʰʫʬʹʰ
˂ʵʫʭʰʲʰ ʳʺʸʰʹ ʳʵʹʶʵʩʨ, ʸʵʳʬʲʰ˂ ʯʭʰʯʸʬʨʲʰʮʨ˂ʰʰʹʨ ʫʨ
ʹʨʱʻʯʨʸʰ ʳʬʵʩʰʹ ʪʨʹʨʪʬʩʨʫ ʹʨ˅ʰʸʵ ˂ʵʫʴʰʹ ˀʬ˃ʬʴʰʹ ˄ʨʫʰʲʹ
ʻˆˀʵʩʫʨ. ˇʴʨʴʨ ʴʰˀʴʨʭʹ ˂ʵʫʴʨʹ ʹʨʱʻʯʨʸʰ “ʳʬ”-ʹ ˀʬʹʨˆʬʩ,
ʸʵʳʬʲʰ˂ “ʨʸʨ-ʳʬ”-ʹʪʨʴ ʪʨʴʹˆʭʨʭʫʬʩʨ; ʹˆʭʨ ʹʰʺʿʭʬʩʰʯ ʸʵʳ
ʭʯʽʭʨʯ, ˂ʵʫʴʨʹ ʰʳʰʹ ˀʬʹʨˆʬʩ, ʸʵʳ ʹʻʲʰ ʰʪʰʭʬ ʹˆʬʻʲʰ ʨʸ ʨʸʰʹ.
ʭʰˇʴʨʴʨ ʴʰˀʴʨʭʹ ʹʻʲʰʹ ʫʨʫʪʰʴʬʩʻʲʰ ʳʫʪʵʳʨʸʬʵʩʰʹʨ ʫʨ

41

Tavi mesame – karma-ioga

ʻʮʬʴʨʬʹʯʨʴ ʳʰʹʰ ʻʸʯʰʬʸʯʵʩʰʹʨʯʭʰʹ ʹʨ˅ʰʸʵ ˂ʵʫʴʨʹ.
“ˀʸʰʳʨʫ-ʩˈʨʪʨʭʨʺʨʳˀʰ” (2.9.31) ʬʹ ʨʹʬʨ ʪʨʴʳʨʸʺʬʩʻʲʰ:
“˂ʵʫʴʨ ʹʨʱʻʯʨʸ “ʳʬ”-ʹʨ ʫʨ ʻʮʬʴʨʬʹ ʶʰʸʵʭʴʬʩʨʮʬ ʳʬʺʨʫ
ʼʨʸʻʲʰ ʫʨ ʰʫʻʳʨʲʬʩʰʯ ʳʵ˂ʻʲʰʨ, ʳʨʪʸʨʳ ʨʹʬʯʰ ˂ʵʫʴʰʹ
ˀʬ˃ʬʴʨ ʫʨ ʯʭʰʯˀʬ˂ʴʵʩʰʹ ʪʨʪʬʩʨ ˀʬʰ˃ʲʬʩʨ, ʯʻʱʰ ʯʨʭʨʫ ʻʼʨʲʰ
ʹˆʭʨʫʨʹˆʭʨ ʱʻʯˆʰʯ ʨʪʭʰˆʹʴʰʹ ʳʨʯ. “ʩˈʨʪʨʭʨʫ-ʪʰʺʨ” ʪʭʨʹ˄ʨʭʲʰʹ
ʮʵʪʨʫ ʫʨ ʪʨʳʵʹʨʫʬʪ ˂ʵʫʴʨʹ ʹʨʱʻʯʨʸʰ ʳʬʵʩʰʹ ˀʬʹʨˆʬʩ.
˂ʵ˂ˆʨʲʰ ʨʸʹʬʩʬʩʰ ʻʼʲʰʹ ʪʨʴʻʿʵʼʬʲʰ ʴʨ˄ʰʲʨʱʬʩʰ ʨʸʰʨʴ,
ʨʳʰʺʵʳ ʳʨʯʰ ʬʸʯʨʫʬʸʯʰ ʫʨʴʰˀʴʻʲʬʩʨ ʳʰʹʰ ʳʹʨˆʻʸʬʩʨʨ. ʨʳ
˂ʴʵʩʰʬʸʬʩʨʹ ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ ˂ʴʵʩʰʬʸʬʩʨ ʬ˄ʵʫʬʩʨ. ʨʳʸʰʪʨʫ, ʨʫʨʳʰʨʴʳʨ
ʫʨʩʨʫʬʩʰʫʨʴʭʬ ʻʴʫʨ ˀʬʰʯʭʰʹʵʹ ʬʹ ˅ʬˀʳʨʸʰʺʬʩʨ, ʸʰʹ
ˀʬʫʬʪʨʫʨ˂ ʩʵʲʵʳʫʬ ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ ˂ʴʵʩʰʬʸʰ ʪʨˆʫʬʩʨ ʫʨ
ˀʬʹʨʩʨʳʰʹʨʫ ʰʳʵʽʳʬʫʬʩʹ.
ˆʵʸ˂ʰʬʲ ˄ʨʫʰʲʯʨ ʳʰʿʵʲʨ ʳˆʵʲʵʫ ʫʨʳʨˆʰʴˇʬʩʻʲʰ
ʨʴʨʸʬʱʲʰʨ ʾʳʬʸʯʰʹ ʹʰʿʭʨʸʻʲʰʹʨ; ʯʻ ʨʫʨʳʰʨʴʹ ʯʨʭʰʫʨʴʭʬ
ʭʨʹ˄ʨʭʲʰʯ ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ ˂ʴʵʩʰʬʸʬʩʨʹ, ʨʳ ʾʭʯʰʻʸ ʩʻʴʬʩʸʰʭ
ʹʰʿʭʨʸʻʲʹ ʨʭˆʵʸ˂ʵʩʰʹ ˅ʻ˅ʿʰ ʭʬʸ ˀʬʩʾʨʲʨʭʹ. ʸʵʫʬʹʨ˂
ʾʳʬʸʯʰʹ ʹʰʿʭʨʸʻʲʰ ʪʨʸʿʭʴʰʲʬʩʰʹʱʬʴ ʪʨʫʨʰˆʸʬʩʨ, ʴʵʸʳʨʲʻʸ
ʳʫʪʵʳʨʸʬʵʩʨˀʰ ʫʨʩʸʻʴʬʩʨ ˃ʨʲʰʨʴ ˃ʴʬʲʰʨ.
ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ ˂ʴʵʩʰʬʸʬʩʨ ʰʳʫʬʴʨʫ ˃ʲʬʭʨʳʵʹʰʲʰʨ, ʸʵʳ ʳʨʹʨ˂, ʭʰʴ˂ ʨʳ
ʪʮʨʹ ʪʭʰʨʴ ʨʫʪʬʩʨ, ʬʸʯʪʻʲʰ ʹʨʳʹʨˆʻʸʰʹ ʳʨʸʬʪʻʲʰʸʬʩʻʲʰ
ʶʸʰʴ˂ʰʶʬʩʰʹ ʫʨ˂ʭʰʯ ˀʬʻ˃ʲʰʨ ʾʭʯʰʻʸʰ ʹʰʿʭʨʸʻʲʰʹ
ʨʾʵʸ˃ʰʴʬʩʨ.
ʨʳʸʰʪʨʫ, ʹʰ˂ʵ˂ˆʲʰʹ ʴʬʩʰʹʳʰʬʸʰ ʹʨʼʬˆʻʸʰʫʨʴ ʨʴ ʰʳ ʫʸʵʰʫʨʴ,
ʸʵʫʬʹʨ˂ ʨʫʨʳʰʨʴʰ ʳʰˆʭʫʬʩʨ ʨʳʰʹ ʪʨʫʨʻʫʬʩʲʵʩʨʹ, ˀʬʰ˃ʲʬʩʨ
ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ ˂ʴʵʩʰʬʸʬʩʰʯ ʻʼʲʰʹ ʬʸʯʪʻʲ ʹʨʳʹʨˆʻʸˀʰ ʪʸ˃ʴʵʩʨʯʨ
ʳʵ˄ʬʹʸʰʪʬʩʰʹ ʫʨ˄ʿʬʩʨ ʫʨ ʨʭˆʵʸ˂ʵʩʰʹ ʪʨʸʫʨʽʳʴʨ ʾʭʯʨʬʩʸʰ,
ʨʴʱʨʸʨ ʹʰʿʭʨʸʻʲʨʫ. ʬʹ ʹʰ˂ʵ˂ˆʲʬˀʰʭʬ ʨʫʨʳʰʨʴʰʹ ʹʸʻʲʽʳʴʰʹ
ʻʳʨʾʲʬʹ ʹʺʨʫʰʨʹ ˄ʨʸʳʵʨʫʪʬʴʹ.
ʲʬʽʹʰ 42
ʹʰʹˆʲʹʨʭʹʬ ʪʸ˃ʴʵʩʬʩʰ ʫʻʴʬ ʳʨʺʬʸʰʨʮʬ (ʹˆʬʻʲʮʬ) ʳʨʾʲʨʨ,
˅ʱʻʨ ʪʸ˃ʴʵʩʬʩʹ ʨ˅ʨʸʩʬʩʹ, ʪʵʴʬʩʨ ʯʭʰʯ ˅ʱʻʨʮʬ ʻ˄ʰʴʨʸʬʹʰʨ,
ˆʵʲʵ ʹʻʲʰ ʨʸʰʹ ʿʵʭʬʲʯʨ ʮʬʨʾʳʨʺʬʩʻʲʰ.

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Tavi mesame – karma-ioga

ˀʰʴʨ-ʨʸʹʰ. ʪʸ˃ʴʵʩʬʩʰ ʳʨʴʱʰʬʸʬʩʨʹ ʹˆʭʨʫʨʹˆʭʨʴʨʰʸʨʫ ʨʭʲʬʴʬʴ.
ʨʭˆʵʸ˂ʵʩʨ ʹˆʬʻʲˀʰ ʩʻʫʵʩʹ, ʳʨʪʸʨʳ ʳʰʹʰ ʪʨʳʵʭʲʬʴʨ
ʪʸ˃ʴʵʩʨʯʨ ʪʮʰʯ ˆʫʬʩʨ. ʨʳʰʺʵʳ ʪʸ˃ʴʵʩʬʩʰ ʻʼʸʵ ʳʨʾʨʲʰʨ,
ʭʰʫʸʬ ʳʯʲʰʨʴʨʫ ʹˆʬʻʲʰ. ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ ˂ʴʵʩʰʬʸʬʩʨˀʰ ʹʻʲʰ
ʻˀʻʨʲʵ ʱʨʭˀʰʸʹ ʨʳʿʨʸʬʩʹ ʻʮʬʴʨʬʹ ʶʰʸʵʭʴʬʩʨʹʯʨʴ; ʨʳʰʺʵʳ,
ʸʵʪʵʸ˂ ʬʹ ʨʽ ʨʸʰʹ ʨʾ˄ʬʸʰʲʰ, ʹˆʬʻʲʰʬʻʲ ʼʻʴʽ˂ʰʨʯʨ
ʰʬʸʨʸʽʰʨ ʹʨʩʵʲʵʵʫ ʻʮʬʴʨʬʹʰ ʹʻʲʰʯ ʳʯʨʭʸʫʬʩʨ. ʹˆʬʻʲʰ
ʪʮʨʹ ʨ˃ʲʬʭʹ ʪʸ˃ʴʵʩʨʯʨ ʮʬʰʳʹ, ʳʨʯʰ ˀʬˁʬʸʬʩʨ ʱʰ ʹˆʬʻʲʰʹ
ʿʵʭʬʲʪʭʨʸʰ ʼʻʴʽ˂ʰʰʹ ˀʬ˄ʿʭʬʺʨʹ ʴʰˀʴʨʭʹ.
˅ʱʻʨ ʨʽʺʰʻʸʰʨ ʫʨ ʳʨˀʰʴʨ˂ ʳʵʽʳʬʫʬʩʹ, ʸʵʫʬʹʨ˂ ʹˆʬʻʲʰ
ʳˀʭʰʫʨʫ ʰʹʭʬʴʬʩʹ, ʸʵʪʵʸ˂ ʬʹ ˃ʰʲʰʹ ʫʸʵʹ ˆʫʬʩʨ. ʳʨʪʸʨʳ
˅ʱʻʨʮʬ ʳʨʾʲʨ ʪʵʴʬʩʰʹ ʪʨʫʨ˄ʿʭʬʺʰʲʬʩʨʨ, ˆʵʲʵ ʪʵʴʬʩʨʹ
ʨʾʬʳʨʺʬʩʨ ʹʨʱʻʯʸʰʭ ʹʻʲʰ. ʨʳʰʺʵʳ, ʯʻ ʹʻʲʰ ʻˀʻʨʲʵʫ
ʫʨʻʱʨʭˀʰʸʫʬʩʨ ʻʮʬʴʨʬʹʹ, ʩʻʴʬʩʸʰʭʰʨ, ʹˆʬʻʲʰʹ ʫʨʴʨʸˁʬʴʰ
ʽʭʬˀʬʭʸʫʵʳʬʩʰ: ʪʵʴʬʩʨ, ˅ʱʻʨ ʫʨ ʪʸ˃ʴʵʩʬʩʰ, ʯʨʭʰʹʯʨʭʨʫ
ʻʮʬʴʨʬʹʹ ʫʨʬʽʭʬʳʫʬʩʨʸʬʩʰʨʴ. “ʱʨʯˈʨ ʻʶʨʴʰˀʨʫˀʰ” ʨʸʰʹ ʳʹʪʨʭʹʰ
ʨʫʪʰʲʰ, ʹʨʫʨ˂ ʴʨʯʽʭʨʳʰʨ, ʸʵʳ ʪʸ˃ʴʵʩʨʯʨ ʫʨʱʳʨʿʵʼʰʲʬʩʰʹ
ʹʨʪʴʬʩʰ ʪʸ˃ʴʵʩʬʩʮʬ ʳʨʾʲʨ ʫʪʨʹ ʫʨ ˅ʱʻʨ ʪʸ˃ʴʵʩʨʯʨ
ʵʩʰʬʽʺʬʩʮʬ ʨʾʳʨʺʬʩʻʲʰʨ. ʯʻʱʰ ˅ʱʻʨ ʪʨʴʻ˄ʺʿʭʬʺʲʰʭ ʻʼʲʰʹ
ʻˀʻʨʲʵ ʹʨʳʹʨˆʻʸʰʯ ʰʽʴʬʩʨ ʫʨʱʨʭʬʩʻʲʰ, ʪʸ˃ʴʵʩʬʩʰʹ ʹˆʭʨ
ʪʮʰʯ ˄ʨʸʳʨʸʯʭʨ ʨʾʨʸ ʳʵˆʫʬʩʨ. ˂ʴʵʩʰʬʸʬʩʰʹ ʨʹʬʯʰ
ʳʫʪʵʳʨʸʬʵʩʨ ʻʱʭʬ ʪʨʴʳʨʸʺʬʩʻʲʰ ʰʿʵ: ʶʨʸʨʳ ʫʸʰˀʺʭʨ
ʴʰʭʨʸʺʨʺʬ. ʯʻʱʰ ˅ʱʻʨ ʻʼʲʰʹ ʺʸʨʴʹ˂ʬʴʫʬʴʺʻʸʰ ʹʨʳʹʨˆʻʸʰʯ
ʨʸʰʹ ʫʨʱʨʭʬʩʻʲʰ, ʳʰʹʰ ʳʫʨʸʬ ʳʰʫʸʬʱʰʲʬʩʬʩʰ ʻʳʨʲ
ʪʨʴʽʨʸʫʬʩʨ.
“ʱʨʯˈʨ ʻʶʨʴʰˀʨʫˀʰ” ʹʻʲʰ ʨʾ˄ʬʸʰʲʰʨ, ʸʵʪʵʸ˂ “ʳʨˈʨʴ”, ʫʰʨʫʰ;
ʰʪʰ ʿʵʭʬʲʯʭʰʹ ʳʨʾʲʨ ʳʫʪʵʳʰʨ, ʪʸ˃ʴʵʩʨʯʨ ʵʩʰʬʽʺʬʩʮʬ˂,
ʪʸ˃ʴʵʩʬʩʮʬ˂, ˅ʱʻʨʹʨ ʫʨ ʪʵʴʬʩʨʮʬ˂. ʳʨˀʨʹʨʫʨʳʬ, ʹʻʲʰʹ
ʫʨʫʪʰʴʬʩʻʲʰ ʳʫʪʵʳʨʸʬʵʩʰʹ ˀʬ˂ʴʵʩʰʯ ʹʨʩʵʲʵʵʫ
ʪʨʫʨʰ˅ʸʬʩʨ ʶʰʸʵʭʴʬʩʨʮʬ ʪʸ˃ʴʵʩʨʯʨ ʩʨʺʵʴʵʩʰʹ ʶʸʵʩʲʬʳʨ.
ʪʵʴʬʩʰʹ ʹʨˀʻʨʲʬʩʰʯ ˂ʵ˂ˆʨʲʳʨ ʨʸʹʬʩʨʳ ʻʴʫʨ ʳʰʨʪʴʵʹ ʹʻʲʰʹ
ʱʵʴʹʺʰʺʻ˂ʰʻʸ ʳʫʪʵʳʨʸʬʵʩʨʹ ʫʨ ˅ʱʻʨ ʪʨʳʻʫʳʬʩʰʯ ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ
˂ʴʵʩʰʬʸʬʩʨʹ ʨʳʹʨˆʻʸʵʹ.

43

Tavi mesame – karma-ioga

ʫʨʳ˄ʿʬʩ ʹʶʰʸʰʺʻʨʲʰʹʺʹ ʪʸ˃ʴʵʩʨʯʨ ʳʵʸˁʰʲʬʩʰʹʨʪʨʴ
ʳʵʸʰʫʬʩʨʹ ʻʸˁʬʭʬʴ. ʳʨʪʸʨʳ ʨʳʨʹʯʨʴʨʭʬ ʪʵʴʬʩʰʹ ʪʨʳʵʿʬʴʬʩʰʯ
˂ʴʵʩʰʬʸʬʩʨ ʻʴʫʨ ʪʨʰʳʨˆʭʰʲʵʹ; ʯʻ ʶʰʸʵʭʴʬʩʨ ʳʯʬʲʰ ʨʸʹʬʩʰʯ
ʳʰʬʴʫʵʩʨ ʻʮʬʴʨʬʹ ʶʰʸʵʭʴʬʩʨʹ, ʳʨˀʰʴ ʳʰʹʰ ˂ʴʵʩʰʬʸʬʩʨ
ʯʨʭʰʹʯʨʭʨʫ ʳʵʳ˃ʲʨʭʸʫʬʩʨ ʫʨ ʯʻʳ˂ʨ ʪʸ˃ʴʵʩʬʩʰ ˇʬʸ ʾʵʴʰʬʸʰ
ʪʭʬʲʬʩʰʭʰʯ ˀʬʳʵʬˆʭʬʭʰʨʴ, ʿʵʭʬʲʰ ʳʨʯʰ ʳ˂ʫʬʲʵʩʨ, ˅ʬˀʳʨʸʰʺ
ʪʮʨʹ ʨʨ˂ʫʰʴʵʴ ʱʨ˂ʰ, ʨʳʨʵ ʰʽʴʬʩʨ - ʱʩʰʲʬʩʳʵʳʺʭʸʬʻʲ ʪʭʬʲʬʩʹ
ʫʨʬʳʹʪʨʭʹʬʩʰʨʴ ʻʼʲʰʹ ʬʸʯʪʻʲʰʹ ˄ʰʴʨˀʬ. ʳʰʻˆʬʫʨʭʨʫ ʰʳʰʹʨ,
ʸʵʳ ʹʻʲʰ ʪʵʴʬʩʰʹ, ˅ʱʻʰʹʨ ʫʨ ʪʸ˃ʴʵʩʨʯʨ ʳʩʸ˃ʨʴʬʩʬʲʰʨ, ʯʻʱʰ
ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ ˂ʴʵʩʰʬʸʬʩʰʯ, ʳʨʹʯʨʴ ʻʸʯʰʬʸʯʵʩʰʯ ʨʸ ʪʨ˃ʲʰʬʸʫʬʩʨ
ʶʰʸʵʭʴʬʩʨ, ʨʩʵʸʪʬʩʻʲʰ ˅ʱʻʰʹ ʪʨʳʵ ʳʨʰʴ˂ ʸˁʬʩʨ ʫʨ˂ʬʳʰʹ ʫʰʫʰ
ʹʨˀʰˀʸʵʬʩʨ.
ʲʬʽʹʰ 43
ʸʵ˂ʨ ˀʬʰ˂ʴʵʩ, ʸʵʳ ˀʬʴʰ “ʳʬ” ʳʨʺʬʸʰʨʲʻʸʰ ʪʸ˃ʴʵʩʬʩʰʹ, ˅ʱʻʰʹʨ
ʫʨ ʪʵʴʬʩʰʹ ʳʰʾʳʨ ʫʪʨʹ, ʵ, ʳʱʲʨʭʳʨʪʨʸʵ ʨʸˇʻʴʨ, ʻʴʫʨ ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ
˂ʴʵʩʰʬʸʬʩʰʯ ʪʨʴʰʳʺʱʰ˂ʵ ˅ʱʻʨ ʫʨ ʹʻʲʰʬʸʰ ˃ʨʲʳʵʹʰʲʬʩʰʯ
ʪʨʨʴʨʫʪʻʸʵ ʬʹ ʫʨʻ˂ˆʸʵʳʬʲʰ ʳʺʬʸʰ, ʸʵʳʬʲʹʨ˂ ʨʭˆʵʸ˂ʵʩʨ
ˈʽʭʰʨ.
ˀʰʴʨ-ʨʸʹʰ. “ʩˈʨʪʨʭʨʫ-ʪʰʺʨʹ” ʳʬʹʨʳʬ ʯʨʭʹ ʹʨʩʵʲʵʵʫ ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ
˂ʴʵʩʰʬʸʬʩʨʳʫʬ ʳʰʭʿʨʭʨʸʯ, ʸʨʱʰ ʭʰ˂ʰʯ, ʸʵʳ ʿʵʭʬʲʰ ˂ʵ˂ˆʨʲʰ
ʨʸʹʬʩʨ ʻʮʬʴʨʬʹʰ ʾʳʸʯʨʬʩʸʰʭʰ ʶʰʸʵʭʴʬʩʰʹ ʳʨʸʨʫʰʻʲʰ
ʳʹʨˆʻʸʰʨ, ʰʹʬ ʸʵʳ, ʻʶʰʸʵʭʴʵ ʹʰ˂ʨʸʰʬʲʬ ʹʨʩʵʲʵʵ ʳʰʮʴʨʫ ʨʸ
ʨʸʰʹ ʳʰˁʴʬʻʲʰ.
ʳʨʺʬʸʰʨʲʻʸ ʿʵʼʰʬʸʬʩʨˀʰ ˂ʵ˂ˆʨʲʰ ʨʸʹʬʩʨ ʻʫʨʭʵʫ
ʭʴʬʩʰʹʳʰʬʸ ʪʻʲʰʹʯʽʳʨʯʨ ʫʨ ʩʻʴʬʩʨʮʬ ʩʨʺʵʴʵʩʰʹ
ʳʰʫʸʬʱʰʲʬʩʰʹ ʪʨʭʲʬʴʰʹ ʽʭʬˀ ʰʳʿʵʼʬʩʨ. ʩʨʺʵʴʵʩʰʹʨ ʫʨ
ʪʸ˃ʴʵʩʨʯʨ ʫʨʱʳʨʿʵʼʰʲʬʩʰʹ ʹʻʸʭʰʲʰ ʪʨʴʶʰʸʵʩʬʩʻʲʰ ʹʻʲʰʹ
ʻʫʰʫʬʹʰ ʳʺʬʸʰʨ; ʳˆʵʲʵʫ ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ ˂ʴʵʩʰʬʸʬʩʰʹ ˃ʨʲʰʯʨʨ
ˀʬʹʨ˃ʲʵ ʳʰ˄ʰʬʸʰ ʪʸ˃ʴʵʩʬʩʰʹ, ˅ʱʻʰʹʨ ʫʨ ʪʵʴʬʩʰʹ
ʫʨʳʵʸˁʰʲʬʩʨ. ʨʫʨʳʰʨʴʳʨ ˀʬʰ˃ʲʬʩʨ ʳʿʰʹ ʭʬʸ ʳʰʨʺʵʭʵʹ
ʹʨʽʳʰʨʴʵʩʨ ʫʨ ʫʨ˄ʬʹʬʩʻʲʰ ʳʵʭʨʲʬʵʩʬʩʰ, ʳʨʪʸʨʳ ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ
˂ʴʵʩʰʬʸʬʩʰʹ ʯʨʴʫʨʯʨʴʵʩʰʯʰ ʪʨʴʭʰʯʨʸʬʩʰʯ ʰʪʰ

44

Tavi mesame – karma-ioga

ʺʸʨʴʹ˂ʬʴʫʬʴʺʻʸ ʳʫʪʵʳʨʸʬʵʩʨʳʫʬ ʨʾʰʳʨʸʯʬʩʨ. ʳʨʹ ˅ʱʻʨ ʫʨ
ʪʸ˃ʴʵʩʬʩʰ ʭʬʾʨʸ ˀʬ˃ʸʨʭʹ. ʨʳʰʹ ʳʰʾ˄ʬʭʨ ʶʰʸʵʭʴʬʩʨʹ ʹʨʱʻʯʨʸʰ
“ʳʬ”-ʹʨʱʬʴ ʳʰʳʨʸʯʻʲʰ ʳʺʱʰ˂ʬ ʪʵʴʬʩʰʯ ˀʬʻ˃ʲʰʨ.
ʨʰ, ʬʹ ʨʸʰʹ ʨʳ ʯʨʭʰʹ ʨʸʹʰ.
ʳʨʺʬʸʰʨʲʻʸʰ ʿʵʼʰʬʸʬʩʰʹ ʳʵʻʳ˄ʰʼʬʩʬʲ ʹʺʨʫʰʨˀʰ
ʼʰʲʵʹʵʼʰʻʸʰ ʹʶʬʱʻʲʨ˂ʰʬʩʰ ʫʨ ʬʪʸʬʯ˄ʵʫʬʩʻʲʰ ʰʵʪʻʸʰ
ʶʵʮʬʩʰʹʨ ʯʻ ˄ʭʸʯʴʰʹ ʹʨˀʻʨʲʬʩʰʯ ʪʸ˃ʴʵʩʨʯʨ ʳʨʸʯʭʰʹ
ˆʬʲʵʭʴʻʸʰ ʳ˂ʫʬʲʵʩʬʩʰ ʭʬʸʨʼʸʰʯ ʫʨʬˆʳʨʸʬʩʨ ʨʫʨʳʰʨʴʰʹ
ʹʻʲʰʬʸ ˂ˆʵʭʸʬʩʨʹ. ʰʪʰ ʻʳʨʾʲʬʹʰ ʪʨʴ˄ʳʬʴʫʰʲʰ ʪʵʴʬʩʰʹ
ʹʨˀʻʨʲʬʩʰʯ ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ ˂ʴʵʩʰʬʸʬʩʨʹ ʻʴʫʨ ʳʰʬʨˆʲʵʹ.
ʨʳʰʯ ʳʯʨʭʸʫʬʩʨ ʩˈʨʱʺʰʭʬʫʨʴʺʨʹ ʱʵʳʬʴʺʨʸʬʩʰ “ˀʸʰʳʨʫ
ʩˈʨʪʨʭʨʫ-ʪʰʺʨʹ” ʳʬʹʨʳʬ ʯʨʭʮʬ, ʸʵʳʬʲˀʰ˂ ʪʨʴˆʰʲʻʲʰʨ ʱʨʸʳʨʰʵʪʨ, ʨʴʻ ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ ˂ʴʵʩʰʬʸʬʩʨˀʰ ʫʨ˄ʬʹʬʩʻʲʰ ʳʵʭʨʲʬʵʩʬʩʰʹ
ˀʬʹʸʻʲʬʩʰʹ ʨʻ˂ʰʲʬʩʲʵʩʨ.

45

ʯʨʭʰ ʳʬʵʯˆʬ
ʺʸʨʴʹ˂ʬʴʫʬʴʺʻʸʰ ˂ʵʫʴʨ
ʲʬʽʹʰ 1
ʾʳʸʯʨʬʩʸʰʭʳʨ ʶʰʸʵʭʴʬʩʨʳ, ʻʼʨʲʳʨ ˀʸʰ ʱʸʰˀʴʨʳ, ʯʽʭʨ: ʻʱʭʫʨʭʰ
ʹʰʩʸ˃ʴʰʹ ʰʵʪʨ ʳʬ ʳʮʰʹ ʾʳʬʸʯʹ ʭʰʭʨʹʭʨʴʹ ʭʨʹ˄ʨʭʲʬ, ʭʰʭʨʹʭʨʴʳʨ
ʨʹ˄ʨʭʲʨ ʳʨʴʻʹ, ʱʨ˂ʵʩʸʰʵʩʰʹ ʳʨʳʨʳʯʨʭʨʸʹ, ʳʨʴʻʳ ʱʰ ʰʪʰ ʰʱˀʭʨʱʻʹ
ʪʨʫʨʹ˂ʨ.
ˀʰʴʨ-ʨʸʹʰ: ʨʽ ʳʵ˂ʬʳʻʲʰʨ “ʩˈʨʪʨʭʨʫ-ʪʰʺʨʹ” ʰʹʺʵʸʰʨ,
ʳʵʿʵʲʬʩʻʲʰ ʻ˃ʭʬʲʬʹʰ ʫʸʵʰʫʨʴ, ʸʵ˂ʨ ʰʪʰ ʪʨʫʨʬ˂ʨ ʿʵʭʬʲʰ
ʶʲʨʴʬʺʰʹ ʪʨʴʳʪʬʩʬʲʯ - ʫʨ˄ʿʬʩʻʲʰ ʳʮʰʫʨʴ. ʨʳ ʳʬʼʬʪʨʴʳʪʬʩʬʲʯʨ ʻʳʨʾʲʬʹʰ ʳʵʭʨʲʬʵʩʨʨ ʳʵʹʨˆʲʬʵʩʰʹ ʫʨ˂ʭʨ,
ʨʳʰʺʵʳ ʳʨʯ ʻʴʫʨ ˀʬʰ˂ʴʵʴ “ʩˈʨʪʨʭʨʫ-ʪʰʺʨʹ” ʹʰʩʸ˃ʴʬ, ʸʨʯʨ
ʽʭʬʿʨʴʨ ʳʨʸʯʵʴ ʫʨ ˆʵʸ˂ʰʬʲʰ ʳʨʴʱʰʬʸʬʩʰʯ ʪʨʳʵ˄ʭʬʻʲʰ
ʳʨʺʬʸʰʨʲʻʸʰ ʺʿʭʬʵʩʰʹʨʪʨʴ ʰˆʹʴʨʴ.
ʨʫʨʳʰʨʴʰʹ ʹʰ˂ʵ˂ˆʲʰʹ ʫʨʴʰˀʴʻʲʬʩʨ ʻʮʬʴʨʬʹ ʾʳʸʯʨʬʩʸʰʭ
ʶʰʸʵʭʴʬʩʨʹʯʨʴ ʳʨʸʨʫʰʻʲʰ ʻʸʯʰʬʸʯʵʩʨʨ ʫʨ ʿʵʭʬʲʰ
ʹʨˆʬʲʳ˄ʰʼʵʹʨ ʯʻ ʶʲʨʴʬʺʰʹ ʳʳʨʸʯʭʬʲʰ ʭʨʲʫʬʩʻʲʰʨ
ʹʻʲʰʬʸʰ ˄ʰʴʹʭʲʰʹ ʹʨʼʻ˃ʭʬʲʮʬ, ʪʨʴʨʯʲʬʩʰʹ, ʱʻʲʺʻʸʰʹ,
ʰʹʺʵʸʰʰʹ ʹ˄ʨʭʲʬʩʰʯ ʳʵʽʨʲʨʽʬʬʩʰ ʻʼʲʰʹ ʬʸʯʪʻʲʰ
ʹʨʳʹʨˆʻʸʰʹʨʱʬʴ ʳʰʳʨʸʯʵʹ. ʨʴʻ ʿʵʭʬʲʰ ʹʨˆʬʲʳ˄ʰʼʵʹ
ʳʳʨʸʯʭʬʲʰʹ ʫʨʴʰˀʴʻʲʬʩʨ ʨʸʰʹ ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ ˂ʴʵʩʰʬʸʬʩʰʹ, ʸʵʪʵʸ˂
ʹʰʩʸ˃ʴʰʹ, ʪʨʭʸ˂ʬʲʬʩʨ, ʸʨʯʨ ˆʨʲˆʰ ʫʨʬ˄ʨʼʵʹ ʨʳ ʫʰʨʫ
ʴʨʨʮʸʬʭʹ, ʪʨʳʵʰʿʬʴʵʹ ʯʨʭʰʹʰ ʹʰ˂ʵ˂ˆʲʰʯ ʩʵ˃ʬʩʻʲʰ
ˆʬʲʹʨʿʸʬʲʰ ʶʰʸʵʩʬʩʰ ʫʨ ʫʨʨʫʪʬʹ ʹʻʲʰʬʸʰ ˄ʨʸʳʨʺʬʩʰʹ ʪʮʨʹ.
ʶʰʸʭʬʲʰ, ʭʰʴ˂ ʻʼʨʲʳʨ “ʩˈʨʪʨʭʨʫ-ʪʰʺʨʹ” ʻʱʭʫʨʭʬʩʨʹ ʨʮʰʨʸʨ,
ʰʿʵ ʭʰʭʨʹʭʨʴʰ, ʳʬʼʬ ʳʮʰʹʨ, ʸʵʳʬʲʰ˂ ʳʮʰʹ ʹʰʹʺʬʳʨˀʰ ʨʸʹʬʩʻʲ
ʶʲʨʴʬʺʨʯʨ ʻʶʰʸʭʬʲʬʹʹ ˄ʨʸʳʵʨʫʪʬʴʹ. “ʩʸʨˈʳʨ-ʹʨʳˈʰʺʨˀʰ”
(5.52) ʴʨʯʽʭʨʳʰʨ:
“ʳʬ ʭʬʯʨʿʭʨʴʬʩʰ ʻʮʬʴʨʬʹ ʾʳʸʯʨʬʩʸʰʭ ʶʰʸʵʭʴʬʩʨʹ - ʯʽʭʨ
ʻʼʨʲʳʨ ʩʸʨˈʳʨʳ - ʪʵʭʰʴʫʨʹ (ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ), ʸʵʳʬʲʰ˂
ʯʨʭʫʨʶʰʸʭʬʲʰʨ ʫʨ ʭʰʹʰ ʩʸ˃ʨʴʬʩʰʯʨ˂ ʳʮʬ, ʶʲʨʴʬʺʨʯʨ ʳʬʼʬ,
ʻʮʨʸʳʨʮʨʸ ˃ʨʲʨʹʨ ʫʨ ʹʰʯʩʵʹ ʼʲʵʩʹ. ʳʮʬ ʻʮʬʴʨʬʹʰ ʻʼʲʰʹ
1

Tavi meoTxe – transcendenturi codna

ʯʭʨʲʰʨ ʫʨ ʳʰʹʰʭʬ ʴʬʩʰʯ ʳʵ˃ʸʨʵʩʹ ʯʨʭʰʹ ʵʸʩʰʺʨʮʬ.”
ʳʮʬ ʶʲʨʴʬʺʨʯʨ ʾʳʬʸʯʰʨ, ʳʮʰʹ ʾʳʬʸʯʰ ʱʰ (ʸʵʳʬʲʹʨ˂
ʭʰʭʨʹʭʨʴʰ ˈʽʭʰʨ) ʪʨʴʨʪʬʩʹ ʳʨʹ, ʸʵʪʵʸ˂ ʫʨʴʨʸˁʬʴʰ ʶʲʨʴʬʺʬʩʰʹ
ʹʰʯʩʵʹʨ ʫʨ ʹʰʴʨʯʲʰʹ ʫʬʫʨʹ. ʱʸʰˀʴʨʳ ʫʨʻ˄ʬʹʨ ʳʨʹ ʹʨʭʨʲʰ ʪʮʨ
ʫʨ ʳʮʬ˂ ʵʫʰʯʪʨʴʭʬ ʳʨʹʮʬ ʺʸʰʨʲʬʩʹ. ʻʼʨʲʳʨ “ʩˈʨʪʨʭʨʫ-ʪʰʺʨʹ”
ʹʰʩʸ˃ʴʬ ʯʨʭʰʹ ʶʰʸʭʬʲ ʳʵ˄ʨʼʬʹ, ʭʰʭʨʹʭʨʴʹ ˀʬʨʹ˄ʨʭʲʨ. “ʪʰʺʨ” ʨʸ
ʨʸʰʹ ʹʨʬʸʵ ʳʬ˂ʴʰʬʸʯʨʯʭʰʹ ʫʨ˄ʬʸʰʲʰ ʹʶʬʱʻʲʨ˂ʰʻʸʰ
ʺʸʨʽʺʨʺʰ. ʰʪʰ ˂ʵʫʴʰʹ ʨʳʵʻ˄ʻʸʨʭʰ ˅ʬˀʳʨʸʰʺʰ ˄ʰʪʴʰʨ,
ʸʵʳʬʲʰ˂ ʻˆʹʵʭʨʸʰ ʫʸʵʰʫʨʴ ʳʵʫʰʹ ˁʭʬʴʨʳʫʬ. “ʳʨˈʨʩˈʨʸʨʺʨˀʰ”
(ˀʨʴʺʰ-ʶʨʸʭʨ, 348.51-52) ʨʹʬʨ ʪʨʫʳʵ˂ʬʳʻʲʰ “ʪʰʺʨʹ” ʰʹʺʵʸʰʨ:
“ʺʸʬʺʨ-ʰʻʪʨʹ ʹʨˆʬʲʰʯ ˂ʴʵʩʰʲʰ ʬʶʵʽʰʹ ʫʨʹʨʩʳʨˀʰ ʬʹ
ʳʬ˂ʴʰʬʸʬʩʨ ʻʮʬʴʨʬʹʯʨʴ ʻʸʯʰʬʸʯʵʩʰʹ ˀʬʹʨˆʬʩ ʭʰʭʨʹʭʨʴʳʨ ʳʨʴʻʹ
ʪʨʫʨʹ˂ʨ. ʳʨʴʻʳ, ʸʵʪʵʸ˂ ʱʨ˂ʵʩʸʰʵʩʰʹ ʳʨʳʨʳʯʨʭʨʸʳʨ, ʰʪʰ
ʨʹ˄ʨʭʲʨ ʯʨʭʰʹ ˀʭʰʲʹ, ʳʨˈʨʸʨˇʨ ʰʱˀʭʨʱʻʹ, ʨʳ ʶʲʨʴʬʺʨ
ʫʬʫʨʳʰ˄ʰʹ ʳʬʼʬʹ ʫʨ ˄ʰʴʨʶʨʸʹ ʸʨʪˈʻʹ ʫʰʴʨʹʺʰʰʹʨ, ʸʵʳʬʲˀʰʨ˂
ʻʼʨʲʰ ʸʨʳʨˁʨʴʫʸʨ ʳʵʬʭʲʰʴʨ.” ʨʳʰʺʵʳ ʨʫʨʳʰʨʴʯʨ
ʹʨʮʵʪʨʫʵʬʩʨˀʰ “ʩˈʨʪʨʭʨʫ-ʪʰʺʨ” ˂ʴʵʩʰʲʰʨ ʳʨˈʨʸʨˇʨ ʰʱˀʭʨʱʻʹ
ʫʸʵʰʫʨʴ.
ʫʾʬʰʹʨʯʭʰʹ ʪʨʹʻʲʰʨ ˆʻʯʨʹʰ ʨʯʨʹʰ ˄ʬʲʰ ʱʨʲʰ-ʰʻʪʰʹʨ,
ʬʶʵʽʰʹʨ, ʸʵʳʬʲʰ˂ 432.000 ˄ʬʲʰ˄ʨʫʹ ʪʸ˃ʬʲʫʬʩʨ. ʳʰʹ ˄ʰʴ ʰʿʵ
ʫʭʨʶʨʸʨ-ʰʻʪʨ (800.000 ˄ʬʲʰ˄ʨʫʰ), ʰʽʨʳʫʬ ʱʰ ʺʸʬʺʨ-ʰʻʪʨ
(1.200.000 ˄ʬʲʰ). ʨʳʸʰʪʨʫ, “ʩˈʨʪʨʭʨʫ-ʪʰʺʨ” ʳʨʴʻʳ ʯʨʭʰʹ
ʳʵ˄ʨʼʬʬʩʹ ʫʨ ˀʭʰʲʹ ʳʨˈʨʸʨˇʨ ʰʱˀʭʨʱʻʹ, ʶʲʨʴʬʺʨ ʫʬʫʨʳʰ˄ʰʹ
ʳʬʼʬʹ, ʳʵʻʯˆʸʵ ʫʨʨˆʲʵʬʩʰʯ 2.005.000 ˄ʲʰʹ ˄ʰʴʨʯ.
ʨʳʷʨʳʰʴʫʬʲʰ ʳʨʴʻʹ ʬʶʵʽʨ ʫʨʨˆʲʵʬʩʰʯ 305.300.000 ˄ʬʲʹ
ʪʸ˃ʬʲʫʬʩʨ, ʹʨʰʫʨʴʨ˂ 120.400.000 ˄ʬʲʰ ʻʱʭʬ ʪʨʹʻʲʰʨ.
ʯʻ ʭʨʾʰʨʸʬʩʯ, ʸʵʳ ʳʨʴʻʹ ʫʨʩʨʫʬʩʨʳʫʬ ʻʼʨʲʳʨ “ʪʰʺʨ”
ʯʨʭʰʹ ʳʵ˄ʨʼʬʹ, ʳʮʰʹ ʾʳʬʸʯ ʭʰʭʨʹʭʨʴʹ ʻʨʳʩʵ, ˀʬʰ˃ʲʬʩʨ
ʳˀʸʨʲʨʫ ʪʨʳʵʭʰʯʭʨʲʵʯ, ʸʵʳ ʬʹ ˄ʰʪʴʰ ʹʻʲ ˂ʵʺʨ 120.400.000
˄ʲʰʹ ˄ʰʴʨʯ ʰʽʴʨ ʳʵʯˆʸʵʩʰʲʰ; ʨʫʨʳʰʨʴʬʩʹ ʻʱʭʬ ʵʸʰ ʳʰʲʰʵʴʰ
˄ʬʲʰʨ ˆʬʲʯ ʨʽʭʯ ʰʪʰ. ʫʨʨˆʲʵʬʩʰʯ ˆʻʯʰ ʨʯʨʹʰ ˄ʲʰʹ ˄ʰʴʨʯ
ʱʸʰˀʴʨʳ ˆʬʲʳʬʵʸʬʫ ʪʨʫʨʹ˂ʨ ʰʪʰ ʨʸˇʻʴʨʹ.

254

Tavi meoTxe – transcendenturi codna

ʨʹʬʯʰʨ “ʪʰʺʨʹ” ʽʸʵʴʵʲʵʪʰʰʹ ʻˆʬˀʰ ʪʨʳʵʨʴʪʨʸʰˀʬʩʨ: ʱʸʰˀʴʨʳ
ʳʵʻʯˆʸʵ ʰʪʰ ʭʰʭʨʹʭʨʴʹ, ʭʰʴʨʰʫʨʴ ʳʮʰʹ ʾʳʬʸʯʰ, ʯʨʭʨʫʨ˂
ʱˀʨʺʸʰʨ, ʳʨʳʨʳʯʨʭʨʸʰʨ ʳʯʬʲʰ ʱˀʨʺʸʰʬʩʰʹʨ, ʸʵʳʲʬʩʰ˂ ʳʮʰʹ
ʾʳʬʸʯʰʹ, ʨʴʻ ʹʻʸʰʨ-ʭʨʳˀʨ ʱˀʨʺʸʰʬʩʰʹ ˀʯʨʳʵʳʨʭʲʬʩʰ ʨʸʰʨʴ.
ʭʰʴʨʰʫʨʴ “ʩˈʨʪʨʭʨʫ-ʪʰʺʨ” ʨʸ ʪʨʴʹˆʭʨʭʫʬʩʨ ʭʬʫʬʩʰʹʨʪʨʴ, ʬʹ
ʹʰʩʸ˃ʴʬ ʨʸʰʹ ʨʶʨʻʸʻˀʬʰʨ - ʮʬʨʫʨʳʰʨʴʻʸʰ, ʯʭʰʯ ʻʮʬʴʨʬʹʰ
ʾʳʸʯʨʬʩʸʰʭʰ ʶʰʸʵʭʴʬʩʰʹʨʪʨʴ ʳʵʴʨʯˆʸʵʩʰ. ʭʰʴʨʰʫʨʴ ʭʬʫʬʩʰʹ
ʹ˄ʨʭʲʬʩʬʩʰ ʻ˂ʭʲʬʲʨʫ, ʱʨ˂ʯʨʪʨʴ ʸʨʰʳʬ ˀʬʹ˄ʵʸʬʩʨʪʨʫʨʱʬʯʬʩʰʹ ʪʨʸʬˀʬ ʨʸʰʹ ʨʾʰʨʸʬʩʻʲʰ, “ʪʰʺʨʹʨ˂” ʨʹʬʭʬ ʨʸ ʻʴʫʨ
ˀʬʬˆʵʹ ʳʰ˄ʰʬʸʰ ˆʬʲʰ, ʨʸ ʻʴʫʨ ʨʰʳʾʭʸʬʹ ʳʰʹʰ ʯʨʭʰʹʯʨʭʨʫʵʩʨ.
ʹʨʬʸʵ ʳʵʱʨʳʨʯʬʬʩʰ ʸʵʪʵʸ˂ ʻʴʫʨʯ, ʰʹʬ ʳʹˇʬʲʵʩʬʴ “ʪʰʺʨʮʬ”,
ʳʨʪʸʨʳ ʬʹ ˆʵʳ ʻʱʭʬ ʨʾʨʸ ʨʸʰʹ “ʩˈʨʪʨʭʨʫ-ʪʰʺʨ”, ʸʵʳʬʲʰ˂ ʻʴʫʨ
ʳʰʭʰʾʵʯ ʶʰʸʭʬʲʹʨˆʰʯ, ʳʵ˄ʨʼʬʵʩʸʰʭʰ ʯʨʴʳʰʳʫʬʭʸʵʩʰʯ,
ʸʵʪʵʸ˂ ʻʼʨʲʳʨ ʳʵʻʯˆʸʵ ʰʪʰ ʳʮʰʹ ʾʳʬʸʯʹ, ʳʮʰʹ ʾʳʬʸʯʳʨ
ʪʨʫʨʹ˂ʨ ʰʪʰ ʯʨʭʰʹ ˀʭʰʲ ʳʨʴʻʹ, ʳʨʴʻʳ ʱʰ ʯʨʭʰʹ ˀʭʰʲ ʰʱˀʭʨʱʻʹ.
ʲʬʽʹʰ 2
ʬʹ ʻʳʨʾʲʬʹʰ ʹʰʩʸ˃ʴʬ ʯʨʴʳʰʳʫʬʭʸʵʩʰʯ ʪʨʫʨʫʰʵʫʨ ʳʵ˄ʨʼʰʫʨʴ
ʳʵ˄ʨʼʬʮʬ, ʳʨʯʪʨʴ ʹ˄ʨʭʲʵʩʫʴʬʴ ˄ʳʰʴʫʨʴʰ ʳʬʼʬʴʰ˂ ʫʨ ʨʹʬ
ʻ˄ʿʭʬʺʨʫ ʳʰʬʫʰʴʬʩʵʫʨ ˂ʵʫʴʰʹ ʳʫʰʴʨʸʬ, ʳʭʰʫʸʬ ʷʨʳʯʨʹʭʲʨʳ
ʨʸ ʫʨʨʸʾʭʰʨ ʳʰʹʰ ʳʯʲʰʨʴʵʩʨ ʫʨ ʹʨˆʬ ʨʸ ʻ˂ʭʨʲʨ ˅ʬˀʳʨʸʰʺ
˂ʵʫʴʨʹ.
ˀʰʴʨ-ʨʸʹʰ: ʪʨʸʱʭʬʭʰʯ ʨʸʰʹ ʴʨʯʽʭʨʳʰ, ʸʵʳ “ʪʰʺʨ” ʹʨʪʨʴʪʬʩʵʫ
ʪʨʴʱʻʯʭʴʰʲʰ ʰʿʵ ˄ʳʰʴʫʨʴʰ ʳʬʼʬʬʩʰʹʯʭʰʹ, ʸʵʳʬʲʯʨ
ʫʨʴʰˀʴʻʲʬʩʨ ˆʨʲˆʰʹ ʳʨʸʯʭʰʹʨ ʻʴʫʨ ʨʾʹʸʻʲʬʩʻʲʰʿʵ ʨʳ
˄ʳʰʴʫʨ ˄ʰʪʴʰʹ ʹʨʼʻ˃ʭʬʲʮʬ. ʻʫʨʵʨ, ʸʵʳ “ʩˈʨʪʨʭʨʫ-ʪʰʺʨ”
ʨʸʨʹʵʫʬʹ ʿʵʼʰʲʨ ʪʨʴʱʻʯʭʴʰʲʰ ʫʬʳʵʴʬʩʰʹʨʯʭʰʹ, ʸʵʳʲʬʩʰ˂
ʯʭʰʯʴʬʩʻʸʨʫ, ʹʨʱʻʯʨʸʰ ʹʨʸʪʬʩʲʵʩʰʹ ʳʰˆʬʫʭʰʯ, ʬʽ˂ʬʵʫʴʬʴ
ʨʳ ʾʭʯʰʻʸ ʪʨʴ˃ʹ, ʨʯʨʹʪʭʨʸ ʭʨʰ-ʪʨʴʳʨʸʺʬʩʬʩʹ ʰʪʵʴʬʩʫʴʬʴ,
ʻʹʰʴʫʰʹʵʫ ʨʸʾʭʬʭʫʴʬʴ ʳʰʹ ʹʰ˄ʳʰʴʫʬʹ, ʸʰʹ ʪʨʳʵ˂ ʳʨʲʬʭʬ
ʪʨʳʵˁʴʫʨ ʳʵ˄ʨʼʬʵʩʸʰʭʰ ʯʨʴʳʰʳʫʬʭʸʵʩʰʹ ˇʨ˅ʭʰʹ ˆʬʲʨˆʨʲʰ
ˀʬʽʳʴʰʹ ʨʻ˂ʰʲʬʩʲʵʩʨ.

354

Tavi meoTxe – transcendenturi codna

ˆʻʯʰ ʨʯʨʹʰ ˄ʲʰʹ ˄ʰʴ ʻʼʨʲʳʨ ʪʭʰˁʭʬʴʨ, ʸʵʳ ʳʵ˄ʨʼʬʵʩʸʰʭʰ
ʯʨʴʳʰʳʫʬʭʸʵʩʨ ʫʨʸʾʭʬʻʲʰ ʰʿʵ ʫʨ “ʪʰʺʨʹ” ˀʰʴʨʨʸʹʰ˂
ʫʨʱʨʸʪʻʲʰ. ʹ˄ʵʸʬʫ ʨʹʬʭʬ, ʫʾʬʹʨ˂ ʨʸʹʬʩʵʩʹ “ʩˈʨʪʨʭʨʫ-ʪʰʺʨʹ”
ʳʸʨʭʨʲʰ ʪʨʳʵ˂ʬʳʨ (ʪʨʴʹʨʱʻʯʸʬʩʰʯ ʰʴʪʲʰʹʻʸ ʬʴʨʮʬ), ʳʨʪʸʨʳ
ʯʰʯʽʳʰʹ ʨʸ˂ ʬʸʯʰ ʳʨʯʪʨʴʰ ʨʸ ˀʬʬʹʨʩʨʳʬʩʨ ʨʭʺʵʸʰʺʬʺʻʲ
ʳʵ˄ʨʼʬʯʨ ʪʨʫʳʵ˂ʬʳʻʲ ʺʬʽʹʺʹ. ʹʨʬʸʵ ʳʬ˂ʴʰʬʸʬʩʨ ʻʨʳʸʨʭ
ʪʨʴʳʨʸʺʬʩʬʩʹ ʪʭʯʨʭʨʮʵʩʹ, ʳʨʪʸʨʳ ʯʰʯʽʳʰʹ ʨʸ˂ ʬʸʯʰ ʳʨʯʪʨʴʰ
ʨʸ ʨʾʰʨʸʬʩʹ ʻʮʬʴʨʬʹ ʾʳʸʯʨʬʩʸʰʭ ʶʰʸʵʭʴʬʩʨʹ - ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ. ʯʻʳ˂ʨ
ˆʬʲʹ ʱʰ ʰʯʩʵʩʬʴ ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ ʹʰʺʿʭʬʩʰʹ ʫʨʳʵ˄ʳʬʩʰʯ. ʬʹ ʫʬʳʵʴʻʸʰ
ʹʻʲʰʹʨʯʭʰʹ ʨʸʰʹ ʫʨʳʨˆʨʹʰʨʯʬʩʬʲʰ, ʫʬʳʵʴʬʩʹ ʨʸ ʹ˄ʨʳʯ
ʾʳʬʸʯʰ, ʳˆʵʲʵʫ ʹʨʸʪʬʩʲʵʩʬʴ ʳʰʹʰ ʹʰʱʬʯʰʯ.
ʭʰʴʨʰʫʨʴ ʨʸʹʬʩʵʩʹ ʶʨʸʨʳʶʨʸʨʹ (ʳʵ˄ʨʼʬʵʩʸʰʭʰ
ʯʨʴʳʰʳʫʬʭʸʵʩʰʹ) ʹʰʹʺʬʳʰʯ ʪʨʫʳʵ˂ʬʳʻʲʰ “ʪʰʺʨʹ” ʰʴʪʲʰʹʻʸ
ʬʴʨʮʬ ʨˆʨʲʰ ʪʨʳʵ˂ʬʳʰʹ ʹʨ˅ʰʸʵʬʩʨ, ʨʳ ʫʰʫʰ ʳʵʯˆʵʭʴʰʹ
ʫʨʱʳʨʿʵʼʰʲʬʩʰʹ ʳ˂ʫʬʲʵʩʨ ʪʨˆʲʨʭʯ ʨʳˇʬʸʨʫ ˁʭʬʴʰ ʳʰʮʨʴʰ.
ʪʭʹʻʸʹ, ʫʨʻʳʨˆʰʴˇʬʩʲʨʫ ˄ʨʰʱʰʯˆʵʹ ʱʨ˂ʵʩʸʰʵʩʨʳ ʰʪʰ ʫʨ
ʻʫʰʫʬʹ ʹʰʱʬʯʬʹ ʬʮʰʨʸʵʹ. ʻʴʫʨ ʪʭʨˆʹʵʭʫʬʹ - ʯʻʱʰ ʳʨʹ
ʼʰʲʵʹʵʼʰʻʸ ʹʶʬʱʻʲʨ˂ʰʨʯʨ ʺʸʨʽʺʨʺʨʫ ʭʨʾʰʨʸʬʩʯ, ˁʭʬʴʰ
ʪʨʸˇʨ˂ ʫʸʵʰʹ ʼʻ˅ʨʫ ʱʨʸʪʭʨ ʰʽʴʬʩʨ ʫʨ ʹˆʭʨ ʨʸʨʼʬʸʰ.
ʲʬʽʹʰ 3
ʫʾʬʹ ˀʬʴ, ˁʬʳʹ ʬʸʯʪʻʲʹʨ ʫʨ ʳʬʪʵʩʨʸʹ, ʻʮʬʴʨʬʹʯʨʴ
ʻʸʯʰʬʸʯʵʩʰʹ ʹ˄ʵʸʬʫ ʨʳ ʻ˃ʭʬʲʬʹ ʹʰʩʸ˃ʴʬʹ ˀʬʪʨʪʵʴʬʩ ʫʨ
ʳˇʬʸʨ, ˁʨʹ˄ʭʫʬʩʰ ʨʳ ʹʰʩʸ˃ʴʰʹ ʺʸʨʴʹ˂ʬʴʫʬʴʺʻʸ ʹʨʰʫʻʳʲʵʹ.
ˀʰʴʨ-ʨʸʹʰ: ʨʸʰʨʴ ʨʫʨʳʰʨʴʬʩʰ - ʬʸʯʪʻʲʬʩʰ ʫʨ ʫʬʳʵʴʬʩʰ.
ʻʼʨʲʳʨ ʪʨʫʨ˄ʿʭʰʺʨ ʬʹ ʫʰʫʰ ʹʰʩʸ˃ʴʬ ʪʨʫʨʬ˂ʨ ʨʸˇʻʴʨʹʨʯʭʰʹ ʻʼʲʰʹ ʬʸʯʪʻʲʰʹʨʯʭʰʹ, ʸʵʳʬʲʹʨ˂ ʫʬʳʵʴʬʩʰʹʨʪʨʴ
ʪʨʴʹˆʭʨʭʬʩʰʯ ʳʰʹʰ ˀʬ˂ʴʵʩʨ ˀʬʻ˃ʲʰʨ. ʫʬʳʵʴʬʩʰ ʱʰ ʨʳ ʫʰʫ
ʰʫʻʳʨʲ ʳʬ˂ʴʰʬʸʬʩʨʹ ʭʬʸ ʪʨʰʪʬʩʬʴ. ˂ʵʫʴʰʹ ʬʹ ʫʰʨʫʰ ˄ʰʪʴʰ
ʳʸʨʭʨʲˇʬʸ ʨʸʰʹ ʪʨʳʵ˂ʬʳʻʲʰ. ʮʵʪʰ ʪʨʳʵ˂ʬʳʨ ʬʸʯʪʻʲʯʨ
ʱʵʳʬʴʺʰʸʬʩʻʲʰʨ, ʮʵʪʰ ʱʰ ʫʬʳʵʴʬʩʰʹ ʳʰʬʸ. ʶʰʸʭʬʲʯʨ
ʪʨʴʳʨʸʺʬʩʬʩʰ ˅ʬˀʳʨʸʰʺʰʨ, ʫʬʳʵʴʬʩʰʹʨ - ʻʹʨʸʪʬʩʲʵ.

454

Tavi meoTxe – transcendenturi codna

ʨʸˇʻʴʨ ʨʾʰʨʸʬʩʹ, ʸʵʳ ʱʸʰˀʴʨ ʻʮʬʴʨʬʹʰ ʾʳʸʯʨʬʩʸʰʭʰ
ʶʰʸʵʭʴʬʩʨʨ ʫʨ “ʪʰʺʨʹ” ʴʬʩʰʹʳʰʬʸʰ ʱʵʳʬʴʺʨʺʵʸʰ, ʸʵʳʬʲʰ˂
ʨʸˇʻʴʨʹ ʸ˄ʳʬʴʨʹ ʬʿʸʫʴʵʩʨ, ˅ʬˀʳʨʸʰʺ ʬʸʯʪʻʲ ʹʨʳʹʨˆʻʸʹ
ʻ˄ʬʭʹ ʨʳ ʫʰʨʫʰ ʳʬ˂ʴʰʬʸʬʩʰʹ ˄ʰʴʹʭʲʨʹ; ʳʨʪʸʨʳ ʫʬʳʵʴʬʩʰ ʨʸ
ʨʾʰʨʸʬʩʬʴ ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ, ʸʵʪʵʸ˂ ʻʼʨʲʹ; ʴʨ˂ʭʲʨʫ ʨʳʰʹʨ ʨʯʨʹʪʭʨʸ
ʻʨʮʸʵʩʨʹ ˁˆʸʬʱʬʴ ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ ˀʬʹʨˆʬʩ ʫʨ ˅ʬˀʳʨʸʰʺʰ ʪʮʰʫʨʴ
ʨ˂ʫʬʴʬʴ ʳʱʰʯˆʭʬʲʬʩʹ. ʱʸʰˀʴʨ ʯʨʭʨʫ ʪʭʨʼʸʯˆʰʲʬʩʹ: ʨʫʨʳʰʨʴʰ
ʻʴʫʨ ʪʨˈʿʭʬʹ ʨʸˇʻʴʨʹʨʪʨʴ ʫʨ˄ʿʬʩʻʲ ʳʵ˄ʨʼʬʵʩʸʰʭ
ʯʨʴʳʰʳʫʬʭʸʵʩʨʹ ʫʨ “ˀʸʰʳʨʫ ʩˈʨʪʨʭʨʫ-ʪʰʺʨʹ” - ʨʳ ʫʰʨʫʰ
ʳʬ˂ʴʰʬʸʬʩʰʹ - ʹʰʱʬʯʬʹ ʳʰʬʨˆʲʵʹ.
ʲʬʽʹʰ 4
ʨʸˇʻʴʨʳ ʯʽʭʨ: ʳʮʰʹ ʾʳʬʸʯʰ ʭʰʭʨʹʭʨʴʰ ˆʵʳ ˀʬʴʹ ʻ˄ʰʴʨʸʬʹ
ʫʨʰʩʨʫʨ, ʸʵʪʵʸ ʨʹ˄ʨʭʲʰʫʰ ʯʨʭʰʫʨʴ ʳʨʹ ʨʳ ʹʰʩʸ˃ʴʬʹ?!
ˀʰʴʨ-ʨʸʹʰ: ʨʸˇʻʴʨ ʻʼʲʰʹ ʨʾʰʨʸʬʩʻʲʰ ʬʸʯʪʻʲʰʨ ʫʨ ʸʵʪʵʸ
ˀʬʬʶʨʸʨ ʬ˅ʭʰ ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ ʹʰʺʿʭʬʩˀʰ? ʹʨʽʳʬ ʰʹʨʨ, ʸʵʳ ʨʸˇʻʴʨ ʶʨʹʻˆʹ
ʬʲʰʹ ʨʸʨ ʹʨʱʻʯʨʸʰ ʯʨʭʰʹʯʭʰʹ, ʨʸʨʳʬʫ ʳʨʯʯʭʰʹ, ʭʰʹʨ˂ ʨʸʨ
ʹ˄ʨʳʯ ʻʮʬʴʨʬʹʰ ʾʳʸʯʨʬʩʸʰʭʰ ʶʰʸʵʭʴʬʩʰʹʨ, ʨʴ ʫʬʳʵʴʬʩʰʹʯʭʰʹ,
ʸʵʳʲʬʩʰ˂ ʭʬʸ ˀʬʪʻʬʩʰʨʴ ʰʳ ʨʮʸʹʨ˂ ʱʰ, ʸʵʳ ʱʸʰˀʴʨ ʻʮʬʴʨʬʹʰʨ.
ʳˆʵʲʵʫ ʳʨʯ ʪʨʹʨʪʵʴʨʫ ʱʰʯˆʻʲʵʩʹ ʨʸˇʻʴʨ, ʯʵʸʬʳ ʯʨʭʨʫ
ʱʨʸʪʨʫ ʰ˂ʰʹ, ʭʰʴ ʨʸʰʹ ʻʮʬʴʨʬʹʰ ʶʰʸʵʭʴʬʩʨ, ˀʸʰ ʱʸʰˀʴʨ.
ʸʵʪʵʸ˂ ʳʬʨʯʬ ʯʨʭʰʫʨʴ ʪʨˆʫʬʩʨ ʴʨʯʬʲʰ, ʨʸˇʻʴʨʹ ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ
ʻʮʬʴʨʬʹʵʩʨˀʰ ʬ˅ʭʰ˂ ʨʸ ʬʶʨʸʬʩʨ, ʸʵʳ ʰʪʰ ʿʵʭʲʰʹ ʶʰʸʭʬʲ˄ʿʨʸʵ
ʫʨ ʺʸʨʴʹ˂ʬʴʫʬʴ˂ʰʨˀʰ ʫʨʹʱʭʴʰʯʰ ʹʰʺʿʭʨʨ. ʱʸʰˀʴʨ ʫʬʭʨʱʰʹ
ˀʭʰʲʨʫʨ˂ ʳʵʬʭʲʰʴʨ ʨʳ ʫʬʫʨʳʰ˄ʨʹ. ʨʳʰʹ ʪʨʪʬʩʨ ʻʩʸʨʲʵ
ʨʫʨʳʰʨʴʰʹʨʯʭʰʹ ˃ʴʬʲʰʨ - ʸʵʪʵʸ ʸˁʬʩʨ ˁʭʬʻʲʬʩʸʰʭʰ ʽʨʲʰʹʨʪʨʴ
ˀʵʩʰʲʰ ʻʮʬʴʨʬʹ ʾʳʸʯʨʬʩʨʫ, ʳʨʸʨʫʰʻʲ ʶʰʸʭʬʲʨʫ.
ʨʸˇʻʴʨʳ ʱʰʯˆʭʨ ʫʨʻʹʭʨ ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ, ʸʨʯʨ ʯʨʭʨʫ ʻʼʨʲʹ ʪʨʬ˂ʨ
ʫʨʳʨʸ˄ʳʻʴʬʩʬʲʰ ʶʨʹʻˆʰ. ʱʸʰˀʴʨ ˆʵʳ ʻʳʨʾʲʬʹʰ ʨʭʺʵʸʰʺʬʺʰʨ,
ʨʳʨʹ ʳʯʬʲʰ ʳʹʵʼʲʰʵ ʨʾʰʨʸʬʩʹ ʨʸʨ ʳˆʵʲʵʫ ʫʾʬʹ, ʨʸʨʳʬʫ
ʻˆʹʵʭʨʸʰ ʫʸʵʰʫʨʴ. ʳˆʵʲʵʫ ʫʬʳʵʴʬʩʰ ʻʨʸʿʵʼʬʴ ʨʳʨʹ. ʬʹ
ʨʸʨʼʬʸʹ ʴʰˀʴʨʭʹ, ʱʸʰˀʴʨ ʳʨʰʴ˂ ʿʭʬʲʨʹ ʳʰʬʸ ʨʾʰʨʸʬʩʻʲ
ʨʭʺʵʸʰʺʬʺʨʫ ʸˁʬʩʨ, ʨʳʰʺʵʳʨ˂ ʳʰʹʰ ʶʨʹʻˆʰ ʹʨʱʻʯʨʸʰ ʯʨʭʰʹ

554

Tavi meoTxe – transcendenturi codna

ˀʬʹʨˆʬʩ ʬ˅ʭˀʬʻʭʨʲʰ ʰʽʴʬʩʨ. ʪʵʴʬʩʨʫʨʳʨˆʰʴˇʬʩʻʲʰ ʫʬʳʵʴʬʩʰ ʱʰ
ʨʹʬʯʰ ʶʨʹʻˆʰʹ ˀʬʳʫʬʪ ʰʹʬʯʴʨʰʸʨʫ ʭʬʾʨʸ ˄ʨʸʳʵʪʭʰʫʪʬʴʬʴ
ʯʨʭʹ, ʯʰʯʽʵʹ ʳˆʵʲʵʫ ʯʨʭʨʫ ʫʨ ʳʨʯ ʳʰʳʫʬʭʸʬʩʹ ʬʹʳʰʯ
ʿʵʭʬʲʰʭʬ ʻʼʲʰʹ ˀʬʹʨˆʬʩ.
ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ ʹʰʩʸ˃ʴʰʹ ˂ʵʫʴʨ ʿʭʬʲʨʹʯʭʰʹ ʨʻ˂ʰʲʬʩʬʲʰʨ, ʨʳʰʺʵʳ
ʸʵʫʬʹʨ˂ ʯʨʭʨʫ ʱʸʰˀʴʨ ʲʨʶʨʸʨʱʵʩʹ ʹʨʱʻʯʨʸ ʯʨʭʮʬ, ʨʳʨʹ
ʳʯʬʲʰ ʹʨʳʿʨʸʵʹʨʯʭʰʹ ʹʰʱʬʯʬ ʳʵʨʽʭʹ. ʫʬʳʵʴʬʩʹ ʬʪʬʩ ʬʻ˂ˆʵʵʯ
ʱʰʫʬ˂ ʻʼʲʰʹʳʰʬʸʰ ʨˆʹʴʨ-ʪʨʴʳʨʸʺʬʩʬʩʰ, ʭʰʴʨʰʫʨʴ ʿʵʭʬʲʯʭʰʹ
ʹʨʱʻʯʨʸʰ ʨˁʬʳʬʩʻʲʰ ʯʭʨʲʯʨˆʬʫʭʰʫʨʴ ʹ˄ʨʭʲʵʩʬʴ ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ;
ʳʨʪʸʨʳ ʬʸʯʪʻʲʴʰ ʴʫʵʩʰʯ ʬʱʰʫʬʩʰʨʴ ʳʰʹ ʴʨʯʽʭʨʳʹ, ʯʨʿʭʨʴʹ
ʹ˂ʬʳʬʴ ʳʰʹ ʹʰʩʸ˃ʴʬʹ ʫʨ ʹ˄ʿʻʸʰʨʯ ʳʬʺʰ ʰ˂ʵʫʴʬʴ ʳʰʹ ˀʬʹʨˆʬʩ.
ʾʭʯʰʹʳʪʳʵʩʬʲʴʰ, ʸʵʳʬʲʯʨ˂ ʱʸʰˀʴʨ ʻʩʸʨʲʵ ʨʫʨʳʰʨʴʰ
ˈʪʵʴʰʨʯ, ˀʬʰ˃ʲʬʩʨ ʻʼʲʰʹ ʹʰʺʿʭʬʩʰʯ ʳʰˆʭʫʴʬʴ, ʸʵʳ ʱʸʰˀʴʨ
ʨʸʰʹ ʮʬʨʫʨʳʰʨʴʻʸʰ, ʸʵʳ ʰʪʰ ʹʨˁ-ˁʰʫ-ʨʴʨʴʫʨ-ʭʰʪʸʨˈʨ ʴʬʺʨʸʬʩʰʹʨ ʫʨ ˂ʵʫʴʰʹ ˄ʨʸʻʫʰʴʬʩʬʲʰ ʼʵʸʳʨʨ,
ʺʸʨʴʹ˂ʬʴʫʬʴʺʻʸʰʨ ʫʨ ʳʨʺʬʸʰʨʲʻʸʰ ʩʻʴʬʩʰʹ ʳʵʫʻʹʬʩʰʹ,
ʫʸʵʰʹʨ ʫʨ ʹʰʭʸ˂ʰʹ ʪʨʭʲʬʴʨʹ ʨʸ ʳʵʸˁʰʲʬʩʹ.
ʬ˅ʭʪʨʸʬˀʬʨ, ʸʵʳ ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ ʰʹʬʯ ʬʸʯʪʻʲʬʩʹ, ʸʵʪʵʸʰ˂ʨʨ
ʨʸˇʻʴʨ, ˃ʰʸʰʹ˃ʰʸʵʩʨʳʫʬ ʬʹʳʰʯ ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ ʳʫʪʵʳʨʸʬʵʩʨ.
ʻʼʲʰʹʨʫʳʰ ʨʸˇʻʴʨʹ ʨʹʬʯʰ ˀʬʱʰʯˆʭʨ ʩʸ˃ʵʲʨˀʰ ʪʨʳʵ˄ʭʬʭʰʹ
ʳ˂ʫʬʲʵʩʨʨ ʰʳ ʻʾʳʬʸʯʵʬʩʰʹʨ, ʸʵʳʲʬʩʰ˂ ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ
ʳʨʺʬʸʰʨʲʻʸʰ ʩʻʴʬʩʰʹ ʳʵʫʻʹʬʩʰʹ ʽʳʴʨʫʵʩʨʹ ʫʨʳʵʸˁʰʲʬʩʻʲ
ʻʩʸʨʲʵ ʨʫʨʳʰʨʴʨʫ ʯʭʲʰʨʴ.
ʲʬʽʹʰ 5
ʾʳʸʯʨʬʩʸʰʭʳʨ ʶʰʸʵʭʴʬʩʨʳ ʩʸ˃ʨʴʨ: ʳʸʨʭʨʲʰ, ʳʸʨʭʨʲʰ ʫʨʩʨʫʬʩʨ
ʪʨʭʰʨʸʬʯ ʵʸʰʭʬʳ - ˀʬʴ˂ ʫʨ ʳʬ˂, ʳʨʪʸʨʳ ʳʬ ʳʨˆʹʵʭʹ ʿʵʭʬʲʰ
ʳʨʯʪʨʴʰ, ˀʬʴ ʱʰ ʨʸʨ, ʵ, ʳʺʸʰʹ ˀʬʳʳʻʹʭʸʬʲʵ.
ˀʰʴʨ-ʨʸʹʰ. “ʩʸʨˈʳʨ-ʹʨʳˈʰʺʨˀʰ” (5.53) ʳʵ˂ʬʳʻʲʰʨ ʻʼʲʰʹ
ʻʨʳʸʨʭʰ ʪʨʸʫʨʹʨˆʭʰʹ ʳʨʪʨʲʰʯʬʩʰ. ʰʽ ʴʨʯʽʭʨʳʰʨ:
“ʳʬ ʯʨʿʭʨʴʹ ʭ˂ʬʳ ʻʮʬʴʨʬʹ ʾʳʸʯʨʬʩʸʰʭ ʶʰʸʵʭʴʬʩʨʹ, ʪʵʭʰʴʫʨʹ
(ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ), ʸʵʳʬʲʰ˂ ʯʨʭʫʨʶʰʸʭʬʲʰʨ - ʬʸʯʨʫʬʸʯʰ, ˀʬʻʳ˂ʫʨʸʰ,
ʫʨʻʹʨʩʨʳʵ. ʯʻʳ˂ʨ ʹˆʭʨʫʨʹˆʭʨ ʼʵʸʳʰʯ ʻʹʨʹʸʻʲʵʫ

654

Tavi meoTxe – transcendenturi codna

ʪʨʴʨʭʸ˂ʵʩʹ ʹʨʱʻʯʨʸ ʯʨʭʹ, ʳʨʰʴ˂ ˀʬʻ˂ʭʲʬʲ ʶʰʸʭʬʲʨʫ, ʳʨʸʨʫ
ʻˆʻ˂ʬʹʨʫ ʫʨ ʳʨʸʨʫ ˅ʨʩʻʱʨʫ ʸˁʬʩʨ. ʻʼʲʰʹ ʳʨʸʨʫ ʻˆʸ˄ʴʬʲ,
ʴʬʺʨʸʬʩʰʯ ʨʾʹʨʭʹʬ, ʿʵʭʲʰʹʳ˂ʵʫʴʬ ʼʵʸʳʬʩʹ, ʸʵʪʵʸ˂ ˄ʬʹʰ,
ʭʬʫʻʸ ʹʰʩʸ˃ʴʬˀʰ ʪʨ˄ʨʼʻʲʰ ʹʨʻʱʬʯʬʹʵ ʳʬ˂ʴʰʬʸʬʩʰ ˀʬʰ˂ʴʵʩʬʴ,
ʳʰʻˆʬʫʨʭʨʫ ʰʳʰʹʨ, ʸʵʳ ʻʼʲʰʹ ʬʹ ʹˆʬʻʲʬʩʸʰʭʰ ʹˆʭʨʫʨʹˆʭʨʵʩʨ
ʳʻʫʨʳ ˄ʳʰʴʫʨ, ˀʬʻʸʬʭʬʲʰ ʬʸʯʪʻʲʬʩʰʹ ʯʭʨʲ˄ʰʴ ʫʪʨʹ.”
“ʩʸʨˈʳʨ-ʹʨʳˈʰʺʨˀʰ” (5.39) ʱʭʲʨʭ ʴʨʯʽʭʨʳʰʨ:
“ʳʬ ʯʨʿʭʨʴʹ ʭ˂ʬʳ ʻʮʬʴʨʬʹ ʾʳʸʯʨʬʩʸʰʭ ʶʰʸʵʭʴʬʩʨ, ʪʵʭʰʴʫʨʹ
(ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ), ʸʵʳʬʲʰ˂ ʻʯʭʨʲʨʭʰ ʹʨˆʰʯ ʬʭʲʰʴʬʩʨ ʹʨʳʿʨʸʵʹ;
ʨʹʬʯʬʩʰ ʨʸʰʨʴ ʸʨʳʨ, ʴʸʰʹʰʳˈʨ ʫʨ ʳʸʨʭʨʲʰ ʹˆʭʨ ʰʴʱʨʸʴʨ˂ʰʨ,
ʸʵʳʬʲʯʨʪʨʴ ʻʱʲʬʩʲʰʭ ʿʭʬʲʨ ʾʳʯʨʬʩʸʰʭʰ ʯʨʭʫʨʶʰʸʭʬʲʰ
ʶʰʸʵʭʴʬʩʨ ʱʸʰˀʴʨʨ, ʸʵʳʬʲʰ˂ ʯʨʭʨʫ ʳʵʩʸ˃ʨʴʫʬʩʨ ʨʳʽʭʬʿʴʨʫ.”
ʭʬʫʬʩˀʰ ʴʨʯʽʭʨʳʰʨ: ʻʼʨʲʰ ʪʨʴʻʳʬʵʸʬʩʬʲʰʨ, ʯʻʳ˂ ʻʸʰ˂ˆʭʰ
ʹʨˆʰʹʨ ʫʨ ʼʵʸʳʰʹ ʳʰʾʬʩʨ ˃ʨʲʻ˃ʹ. ʰʪʰ ʯʰʯʽʵʹ ʽʭʨ ʭʨʰʫʻʸʰʨʨ,
ʸʵʳʬʲʰ˂ ʼʬʸʹ ʰ˂ʭʲʰʹ, ʳʨʪʸʨʳ ʳʨʰʴ˂ ʻ˂ʭʲʬʲ ʽʭʨʫ ʸˁʬʩʨ. ʨʳ
ʻʨʳʸʨʭʰ ʼʵʸʳʰʹ ˀʬ˂ʴʵʩʨ ˄ʳʰʴʫʨ, ʨʻʳʾʭʸʬʭʬʲ ʹʻʲʹ,
ʬʸʯʪʻʲʬʩʹ ˆʬʲʬ˄ʰʼʬʩʨʯ. ʭʬʫʬʩʰʹ ʮʬʫʨʶʰʸʻʲʰ ˀʬʹ˄ʨʭʲʰʯ
ʱʰ ʬʹ ˀʬʻ˃ʲʬʩʬʲʰʨ.
ʨʸˇʻʴʨʹ ʳʹʪʨʭʹʰ ʬʸʯʪʻʲʬʩʰ ʻʼʲʰʹ ʳʻʫʳʰʭʰ ʯʨʴʨʳʪʮʨʭʸʴʰ
ʨʸʰʨʴ ʫʨ ʨʳʽʭʬʿʴʨʫ ʳʵʭʲʬʴʰʲ ʻʼʨʲʹ ʯʨʴ ʨˆʲʨʭʨʴ, ʸʨʯʨ
ʬʳʹʨˆʻʸʵʴ. ʨʳ ʲʬʽʹʰʫʨʴ ˁʨʴʹ, ʸʵʳ ʳʰʲʰʵʴʵʩʰʯ ˄ʲʰʹ ˄ʰʴʨʯ,
ʸʵʫʬʹʨ˂ ʻʼʨʲʳʨ ʱʸʰˀʴʨʳ “ʩˈʨʪʨʭʨʫ-ʪʰʺʨ” ʳʮʰʹ ʾʳʬʸʯ
ʭʰʭʨʹʭʨʴʹ ʻʨʳʩʵ, ʨʸˇʻʴʨ ʰʽʨ˂ ʰʳʿʵʼʬʩʵʫʨ, ʵʾʵʴʫ ʹˆʭʨ ʹʨˆʰʯ.
ʪʨʴʹˆʭʨʭʬʩʨ ʻʼʨʲʹʨ ʫʨ ʨʸˇʻʴʨʹ ˀʵʸʰʹ ʰʹ ʨʸʰʹ, ʸʵʳ ʻʼʨʲʹ
ʿʵʭʬʲʰʭʬ ʨˆʹʵʭʹ, ʯʭʰʯ ʬʹ ʨʳʩʨʭʰ˂, ʨʸˇʻʴʨʹ ʱʰ ʨʸʨ. ʨʹʬʯʰʨ
ʹˆʭʨʫʨʹˆʭʨʵʩʨ ʴʨ˄ʰʲʨʱʵʭʨʴʰ ˂ʵ˂ˆʨʲʰ ʨʸʹʬʩʰʹʨ ʫʨ ʳʯʲʰʨʴʰ
ʻʮʬʴʨʬʹʰ ʻʼʲʰʹʨ. ʨʳ ʲʬʽʹˀʰ ʻʼʨʲʳʨ ʨʸˇʻʴʨ ʳʵʰˆʹʬʴʰʨ ʫʰʫ
ʪʳʰʸʨʫ, ʳʺʸʰʹ ˀʬʳʳʻʹʭʸʬʲʨʫ, ʳʨʪʸʨʳ ʳʰʹʰ ˆʹʵʭʴʰʹ
ʯʭʨʲʹʨ˄ʰʬʸʰ ʭʰ˄ʸʵʨ - ʨʸ ʨˆʹʵʭʹ ˄ʨʸʹʻʲʰ ʫʨʩʨʫʬʩʬʩʰ. ʬ.ʰ. ʸʨ˂
ʨʸ ʻʴʫʨ ʫʰʨʫʰ ʰʿʵʹ ˂ʵ˂ˆʨʲʰ ʨʸʹʬʩʨ, ʭʬʸʨʹʵʫʬʹ ʪʨʻʺʵʲʫʬʩʨ
ʻʮʬʴʨʬʹ ʻʼʨʲʹ. ʻʼʲʰʹ ʴʬʩʰʹʳʰʬʸʰ ʳʨʸʨʫʰʻʲʰ ʯʨʴʨʳʪʮʨʭʸʰ

754

Tavi meoTxe – transcendenturi codna

ʻʫʨʵʫ ʪʨʴʯʨʭʰʹʻʼʲʬʩʻʲʰ ʶʰʸʵʭʴʬʩʨʨ, ʳʨʪʸʨʳ ʻʼʨʲʯʨʴ
ʪʨʯʨʴʨʩʸʬʩʨʹ ʰʪʰ ʭʬʸ ˀʬ˃ʲʬʩʹ.
“ʩʸʨˈʳʨ-ʹʨʳˈʰʺʨˀʰ” ʻʼʨʲʰ ʨʾ˄ʬʸʰʲʰʨ, ʸʵʪʵʸ˂ ˀʬʻ˂ʫʵʳʬʲʰ
(ʨˁʰʻʺʨ), ʸʨ˂ ʰʳʨʹ ʴʰˀʴʨʭʹ, ʸʵʳ ʳʨʹ, ʳʨʺʬʸʰʨʲʻʸ ʬʴʬʸʪʰʨʹʯʨʴ
ʯʨʴʨʮʰʨʸʵʩʰʹ ʳʰʻˆʬʫʨʭʨʫ, ʨʸʨʹʵʫʬʹ ʨʸʨʼʬʸʰ ʨʭʰ˄ʿʫʬʩʨ.
ʨʳʰʺʵʳ ʻʼʨʲʰ ʫʨ ʴʬʩʰʹʳʰʬʸʰ ˂ʵ˂ˆʨʲʰ ʨʸʹʬʩʨ ʭʬʸʨʹʵʫʬʹ
ʭʬʸ˂ʬʸʯ ʭʰʯʨʸʬʩʨˀʰ ʭʬʸ ʪʨʻʯʨʴʨʹ˄ʵʸʫʬʩʰʨʴ ʬʸʯʳʨʴʬʯʹ,
ʰʹʬʯʰ ʪʨʴʯʨʭʰʹʻʼʲʬʩʻʲʰ ʶʰʸʵʭʴʬʩʬʩʰ˂ ʱʰ, ʸʵʪʵʸ˂ ʨʸˇʻʴʨʨ.
ʨʸˇʻʴʨʹ, ʻʮʬʴʨʬʹ ʬʸʯʪʻʲʹ, ʮʵʪˇʬʸ ʨʭʰ˄ʿʫʬʩʨ ʻʼʲʰʹ
ʹˆʭʨʵʩʨ, ʳʨʪʸʨʳ ʾʳʬʸʯʰʹ ˄ʿʨʲʵʩʰʯ ʻʳʨʲʭʬ ʰˆʹʬʴʬʩʹ, ʸʵʳ
ʻʼʨʲʰ ʹˆʭʨʨ - ˀʬʻ˂ʫʵʳʬʲʰʨ ʫʨ ʪʻʲʳʨʭʰ˄ʿʵʩʨ ʳʨʹ ʭʬʸ ˀʬʬˆʬʩʨ.
ʨʸʨʬʸʯʪʻʲʹ, ʨʴ ʫʬʳʵʴʹ, ʨʸ ʬʹʳʰʹ ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ ʬʹ
ʺʸʨʴʹ˂ʬʴʫʬʴʺʻʸʰ ʩʻʴʬʩʨ, ʫʬʳʵʴʻʸʰ ˂ʴʵʩʰʬʸʬʩʰʯ ʱʰ
ˀʬʻ˃ʲʬʩʬʲʰʨ “ʪʰʺʨʹ” ʪʨʪʬʩʨ.
ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ ʨˆʹʵʭʫʨ ʿʭʬʲʨʼʬʸʰ, ʸʨ˂ ʳʰʲʰʵʴʵʩʰʯ ˄ʲʰʹ ˄ʰʴʨʯ
ʪʨʻʱʬʯʬʩʰʨ, ʳʨʪʸʨʳ ʨʸˇʻʴʨʹ ʬʹ ʨʸ ˀʬʬ˃ʲʵ, ʳʰʻˆʬʫʨʭʨʫ ʰʳʰʹʨ,
ʸʵʳ ʱʸʰˀʴʨ˂ ʫʨ ʨʸˇʻʴʨ˂ ʩʻʴʬʩʰʯ ʳʨʸʨʫʰʻʲʴʰ ʨʸʰʨʴ. ʨʽʭʬ
ˀʬʪʭʰ˃ʲʰʨ ʨʾʭʴʰˀʴʵʯ, ʸʵʳ ˂ʵ˂ˆʨʲʰ ʨʸʹʬʩʨ ʿʭʬʲʨʼʬʸʹ
ʰʭʰ˄ʿʬʩʹ ʹˆʬʻʲʰʹ ˂ʭʲʨʹʯʨʴ ʬʸʯʨʫ, ˆʵʲʵ ʻʼʨʲʹ ʨˆʹʵʭʹ
ʿʭʬʲʨʼʬʸʰ, ʸʨʳʬʯʻ ʨʸ ʰ˂ʭʲʰʹ ʯʨʭʰʹ ʹˆʬʻʲʹ (ʹʨˁ-ˁʰʫ-ʨʴʨʴʫʨ).
ʱʸʰˀʴʨ ʨʸʰʹ ʨʫʭʨʰʺʨ, ʸʨ˂ ʰʳʨʹ ʴʰˀʴʨʭʹ, ʸʵʳ ʨʸ ʨʸʹʬʩʵʩʹ
ʹˆʭʨʵʩʨ ʳʰʹ ʹˆʬʻʲʹʨ ʫʨ ʯʨʭʨʫ ʳʨʹ ˀʵʸʰʹ. ʿʭʬʲʨʼʬʸʰ, ʸʨ˂
ʳʨʹʯʨʴ ʨʸʰʹ ʫʨʱʨʭˀʰʸʬʩʻʲʰ, ʯʭʰʯ ʹˆʬʻʲʰ˂, ʹʻʲʰʨ,
ʪʨʴʶʰʸʵʩʬʩʻʲʰ ʹʻʲʰ ʱʰ ʪʨʴʹˆʭʨʭʫʬʩʨ ʯʨʭʰʹʰ ʳʨʺʬʸʰʨʲʻʸʰ
ʹˆʬʻʲʰʹʨʪʨʴ. ʻʼʲʰʹ ʹˆʬʻʲʰ, ʹʻʲʰ ʫʨ ʶʰʸʵʭʴʬʩʨ ʰʫʬʴʺʻʸʰʨ.
ʫʬʳʵʴʬʩʹ ʨʸ ˈʿʵʼʴʰʯ ʹʰʩʸ˃ʴʬ, ˁʨʹ˄ʭʫʴʬʴ ʻʼʲʰʹ ʨʳ
ʺʸʨʴʹ˂ʬʴʫʬʴʺʻʸ ʩʻʴʬʩʨʹ, ʸʨʹʨ˂ ʯʨʭʨʫ ʻʼʨʲʰ ʪʨʴʳʨʸʺʨʭʹ
ʳʵʳʫʬʭʴʵ ʲʬʽʹˀʰ.
ʲʬʽʹʰ 6
ʯʻʳ˂ʨ ʳʬ ʨʸˀʵʩʰʲʰ ʭʨʸ ʫʨ ˁʬʳʰ ʺʸʨʴʹ˂ʬʴʫʬʴʺʻʸʰ ʹˆʬʻʲʰ
ˆʸ˄ʴʨʫʵʩʨʹ ʨʸ ʬʳʵʸˁʰʲʬʩʨ, ʳʬ ʭʨʸ ʻʼʨʲʰ ʿʵʭʲʰʹʨ ʫʨ

854

Tavi meoTxe – transcendenturi codna

ʿʵʭʬʲʯʨ ʫʨ ʿʵʭʬʲ ʬʶʵʽʨˀʰ ʨʳ ʹʨʳʿʨʸʵʹ ˁʬʳʰ ʾʭʯʰʻʸʰ ʹʨˆʰʯ
ʭʬʭʲʰʴʬʩʰ.
ˀʰʴʨ-ʨʸʹʰ. ʻʼʨʲʰ ʳʵʪʭʰʯˆʸʵʩʹ ʯʨʭʰʹʰ ʻʨʳʸʨʭʰ ʫʨʩʨʫʬʩʰʹ
ˀʬʹʨˆʬʩ: ʻʩʸʨʲʵ ʨʫʨʳʰʨʴʰʹ ʹʨˆʰʯʨ˂ ʱʰ ʯʨʭʰʹʰ ʳʵʭʲʰʴʬʩʨ
ʳʨʰʴ˂ ʨˆʹʵʭʹ, ʻʩʸʨʲʵ ʨʫʨʳʰʨʴʹ ʱʰ ʨʳʰʹ ʻʴʨʸʰ ʨʸ ʨʽʭʹ - ʮʵʪˇʬʸ
ʸʨʳʫʬʴʰʳʬ ʹʨʨʯʰʹ ˄ʰʴ ʸʨʹ ʨʱʬʯʬʩʫʨ, ʰʹ ʨʭʰ˄ʿʫʬʩʨ; ʪʨʻ˅ʰʸʫʬʩʨ
ʶʨʹʻˆʰʹ ʪʨ˂ʬʳʨ ʨʴ ʳʬˆʹʰʬʸʬʩʨ ʻʴʫʨ ʫʨ˃ʨʩʵʹ ʫʨ ʳʵʰʪʵʴʵʹ.
ʻʩʨʫʸʻʱʴʰ ˆˀʰʸʨʫ ʩʬʫʨʭʬʴ ʰʳʰʹ ʪʨʴ˂ˆʨʫʬʩʨʹ, ʸʵʳ ʯʨʭʨʫ
ʨʸʰʨʴ ʾʳʬʸʯʰ ʨʴʻ ʱʸʰˀʴʨ. ʭʰʴ ʫʨʻˇʬʸʬʩʹ ʨʹʬʯ ʻʨʮʸʵ
ʯʨʭˆʬʫʵʩʨʹ?!
ʱʸʰˀʴʨ ʪʭʰˆʹʴʰʹ ʯʨʭʰʹ ʶʸʨʱʸʰʺʰʹ, ʨʴʻ ʼʵʸʳʨʹ. ʶʸʨʱʸʰʺʰ
ʴʰˀʴʨʭʹ “ʩʻʴʬʩʨʹ”. ʹʭʨʸʻʶʨ˂ ʩʻʴʬʩʨʹ ʫʨ “ʹʨʱʻʯʨʸ ʼʵʸʳʨʹ”
ˈʽʭʰʨ. ʬ.ʰ. ʻʼʨʲʹ ʯʨʭʰʹʰʭʬ ʹʨʱʻʯʨʸʰ ʹˆʬʻʲʰ ʨʽʭʹ ʫʨ ʰʳʰʯ
ʪʭʬʭʲʰʴʬʩʨ. ʻʩʸʨʲʵ ˂ʵ˂ˆʨʲʰ ʨʸʹʬʩʰʹʨʪʨʴ ʪʨʴʹˆʭʨʭʬʩʰʯ, ʰʪʰ
ʹˆʬʻʲʹ ʨʸ ʰ˂ʭʲʰʹ. ʪʨʴʶʰʸʵʩʬʩʻʲ ʹʻʲʹ ʬʸʯ ʫʨʩʨʫʬʩʨˀʰ
ʪʨʸʱʭʬʻʲʰ ʹʨˆʰʹ ʹˆʬʻʲʰ ʨʽʭʹ, ʳʵʳʫʬʭʴʵ ʫʨʩʨʫʬʩʨˀʰ ʱʰ
ʹˆʭʨʴʨʰʸʰ ʼʵʸʳʰʯ ʰʽʴʬʩʨ ˀʬʳʵʪʨʸʹʻʲʰ. ʳʨʺʬʸʰʨʲʻʸ
ʹʨʳʿʨʸʵˀʰ ˂ʵ˂ˆʨʲʰ ʨʸʹʬʩʨ ʹˆʬʻʲʰʫʨʴ ʹˆʬʻʲˀʰ ʪʨʫʨʫʰʹ. ʬʹ
ʨʸ ʬˆʬʩʨ ʻʼʨʲʹ. ʸʵʫʬʹʨ˂ ʰʪʰ ʬˀʭʬʩʨ ʨʳʽʭʬʿʴʨʫ, ʯʨʭʰʹʰ
ˀʰʴʨʪʨʴʰ ˃ʨʲʰʯ ʯʨʭʫʨʶʰʸʭʬʲʰ ʹˆʬʻʲʰʯ ʳʵʫʰʹ. ʹˆʭʨ
ʹʰʺʿʭʬʩʰʯ ʸʵʳ ʭʯʽʭʨʯ, ʳʨʺʬʸʰʨʲʻʸ ʹʨʳʿʨʸʵˀʰ ʱʸʰˀʴʨ ʯʨʭʰʹʰ
ʶʰʸʭʬʲʨʫʰ, ʳʨʸʨʫʰʻʲʰ ʹʨˆʰʯ ʪʭʬʭʲʰʴʬʩʨ - ʵʸʰʭʬ ˆʬʲˀʰ
ʼʲʬʰʺʨ ʻ˅ʰʸʨʭʹ. ʳʰʹ ʳʨʸʨʫ ʻˆʸ˄ʴʬʲ ʹˆʬʻʲʹ ʭʬʸ ʬʱʨʸʬʩʨ
ʳʨʺʬʸʰʨʲʻʸʰ ʹʨʳʿʨʸʵʹ ʻ˄ʳʰʴʫʻʸʵʩʨ.
ʮʵʪˇʬʸ ʰʽʳʴʬʩʨ ˀʯʨʩʬ˅ʫʰʲʬʩʨ, ʸʵʳ ʹʨʳʿʨʸʵʹ ʻʼʨʲʰ
ˁʭʬʻʲʬʩʸʰʭʰ ˂ʵ˂ˆʨʲʰ ʨʸʹʬʩʰʹ ʳʹʪʨʭʹʨʫ ʰʩʨʫʬʩʨ, ʰʮʸʫʬʩʨ
ʩʨʭˀʭʵʩʰʫʨʴ ʿʳʨ˄ʭʰʲʵʩʨʳʫʬ, ʿʳʨ˄ʭʰʲʵʩʰʫʨʴ ʹʰ˅ʨʩʻʱʬʳʫʬ.
ʳʨʪʸʨʳ ˅ʨʩʻʱʵʩʰʹ ˀʬʳʫʬʪ ʨʹʬʱʰ ʨʾʨʸ ʬʳʨʺʬʩʨ. ʬʹ ʹʨʵ˂ʨʸʰʨ!
ʱʻʸʻʱˀʬʺʸʨʹ ʩʸ˃ʵʲʰʹ ʫʸʵʹ ʳʨʹ ʩʬʭʸʰ ˀʭʰʲʰˀʭʰʲʰ ˈʿʨʭʫʨ,
ʨʴʻ ʹʨʱʳʨʵʫ ˆʴʰʬʸʰ ʰʿʵ, ʳʨʪʸʨʳ ʵ˂ʰ ʨʴ ʵ˂ʫʨˆʻʯʰ ˄ʲʰʹ

954

Tavi meoTxe – transcendenturi codna

˅ʨʩʻʱʰʭʰʯ ʪʨʳʵʰʿʻʸʬʩʵʫʨ. ˁʭʬʴ ʨʸʨʹʵʫʬʹ ʪʭʰʴʨˆʨʭʹ ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ
ʳʵˆʻ˂ʬʩʻʲʵʩʰʹ ʹʻʸʨʯʰ, ʭʰʴʨʰʫʨʴ ˁʭʬʴʹʨʭʰʯ ʰʪʰ ʨʸ ʩʬʸʫʬʩʨ.
ʯʻʳ˂ʨʾʨ ʱʵʹʳʰʻʸ ʹʨʳʿʨʸʵˀʰ - ˄ʨʸʹʻʲʰʹ, ʨ˄ʳʿʵʹʨ ʫʨ ʳʵʳʨʭʲʰʹ
ʳʰʳʵʽ˂ʬʭʨˀʰ ʳʨʹʮʬ ˆʴʰʬʸʰ ʨʸʨʭʰʴʨʨ. ʳʰʹʰ ʹˆʬʻʲʰ˂ʨ ʫʨ ʪʵʴʬʩʨ˂
ʹʰ˂ʵ˂ˆʲʰʯ ʹʨʭʹʬʨ ʫʨ ʻˆʸ˄ʴʬʲʰ, ʨʸ ʬʳʵʸˁʰʲʬʩʨ ʷʨʳʯʨʹʭʲʨʹ.
ʳʰ˄ʰʬʸ ʹʨʳʿʨʸʵˀʰ ʳʰʹʰ ʳʱʭʰʫʸʵʩʰʹ ʫʸʵʹ ʰʪʰ ʴʬʺʨʸʬʩʰʹʨ ʫʨ
ʹʰʩʸ˃ʴʰʹ ʳʨʸʨʫʰʻʲʰ ʪʨʴʹʨˆʰʬʸʬʩʨʨ, ʻ˂ʭʲʬʲʰ
ʺʸʨʴʹ˂ʬʴʫʬʴʺʻʸʰ ʹˆʬʻʲʰʯʨ ʫʨ ʪʵʴʬʩʰʯ. ʳʨʸʯʲʨ˂, ʳʰʹʰ
ʳʵʭʲʰʴʬʩʨ ʫʨ ʪʨʻˁʰʴʨʸʬʩʨ ʳʮʰʹ ʨʳʵʹʭʲʨʹ ˈʪʨʭʹ, ʸʵʳʬʲʰ˂
ʫʨʪʭʬʴʨˆʭʬʩʨ ʫʨ ʱʭʲʨʭ ʳʰʬʼʨʸʬʩʨ ˁʭʬʴʰ ʳˆʬʫʭʬʲʵʩʰʹ ʨʸʬʹ.
ʸʵʫʬʹʨ˂ ʳʮʬ ˁʭʬʴʹ ʯʭʨʲʯʨ ʳʰʾʳʨʨ, ʭʯʭʲʰʯ, ʸʵʳ ʰʪʰ ˁʨʹʻʲʰʨ,
ʫʨ ʯʻ ʭˆʬʫʨʭʯ, ʭʨʳʩʵʩʯ, ʸʵʳ ʳʮʬ ˂ʰʹ ʺʨʺʴʵʩʮʬʨ.
ʹʰʴʨʳʫʭʰʲʬˀʰ ʳʮʬ ʳʻʫʨʳ ʬʸʯ ʨʫʪʰʲʮʬʨ, ʳʨʪʸʨʳ ˁʭʬʴʰ
ʴʨʱʲʵʭʨʴʰ ʨʾʽʳʰʹ ʪʨʳʵ ʪʭʪʵʴʰʨ, ʸʵʳ ʳʮʬ ˁʴʫʬʩʨ ʫʨ
ʻˁʰʴʨʸʫʬʩʨ. ʻʼʨʲʰ ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ ʪʨʳʵʩʸ˄ʿʰʴʬʩʨ ʫʨ ʪʨʻˁʰʴʨʸʬʩʨ
ʹʸʻʲʰʨʫ ʪʨʴʹˆʭʨʭʫʬʩʨ ʻʩʸʨʲʵ ˂ʵ˂ˆʨʲʰ ʨʸʹʬʩʰʹ ʪʨʳʵˁʬʴʨʯʭʨʲʹʳʰʼʨʸʬʩʰʹʨʪʨʴ.
ʰʪʰ ˀʰʴʨʪʨʴʰ ˃ʨʲʰʯ ʳʨʸʨʫʰʻʲʰ, ʴʬʺʨʸʰ ˂ʵʫʴʨʨ ʫʨ ʳʰ˄ʰʬʸʰ
ʿʵʼʰʹ ʹʰʩʰʴ˃ʻʸʬ ʳʨʹ ʭʬʸ ʬʱʨʸʬʩʨ. ʭʬʫʬʩˀʰ ʫʨʫʨʹʺʻʸʬʩʰʨ, ʸʵʳ
ʻʮʬʴʨʬʹʰ ʶʰʸʵʭʴʬʩʨ ʨʸˀʵʩʰʲʰʨ, ʳʨʪʸʨʳ ʯʨʭʰʹ ʻʨʳʸʨʭ
ʪʨʳʵʭʲʰʴʬʩʨˀʰ ʯʨʭʰʫʨʴ ʰʩʨʫʬʩʨ. ʯʻʳ˂ʨ ʻʼʨʲʰ ʰʩʨʫʬʩʨ,
ʳʨʪʸʨʳ, ʸʵʪʵʸ˂ ʭʬʫʬʩʰʹ ʫʨʳʨʺʬʩʰʯʰ ˄ʬʸʰʲʬʩʰ ʨʳʺʱʰ˂ʬʩʬʴ,
ʳʨʰʴ˂ ʨʸ ʰ˂ʭʲʰʹ ʹˆʬʻʲʹ. “ʩˈʨʪʨʭʨʫ-ʪʰʺʨˀʰ” ʫʬʫʨʳʰʹʹ
ʴʨʸʨʰʨʴʰʹ ʹʨˆʰʯ ʬʭʲʰʴʬʩʨ, ʵʯˆʰ ˆʬʲʰʯʨ ʫʨ ʬʽʭʹʰʭʬ ʹʨˆʰʹ
ʹʸʻʲʰ ʫʰʫʬʩʻʲʬʩʰʯ ˀʬʳʱʻʲʰ. ʳʰʹʰ ʯʨʭʫʨʶʰʸʭʬʲʰ,
ʳʨʸʨʫʰʻʲʰ ʹʨˆʰʯ ˁʭʬʴʬʩʨ ʻʳʰʮʬʮʵ ˄ʿʨʲʵʩʨʨ ˂ʵ˂ˆʨʲʰ
ʨʸʹʬʩʬʩʰʹʨʫʳʰ, ʸʨʯʨ ʯʨʭʰʨʴʯʰ ʪʻʲʰʹʿʻʸʰ ʳʰʨʶʿʸʵʴ ʻʼʲʰʹ
˅ʬˀʳʨʸʰʺ ʼʵʸʳʨʹ ʫʨ ʨʸʨ ʪʨʳʵʪʵʴʰʲ, ʨʴ ˄ʨʸʳʵʹʨˆʭʰʯ ˁʭʬʴʬʩʨʹ,
ʸʵʳʬʲʰ˂ ʰʳʶʬʸʹʵʴʨʲʰʹʺʬʩʹ ʨʸʨʹ˄ʵʸʨʫ ʻʼʲʰʹ ʹʨˆʬʫ
ʳʰʨˁʴʰʨʯ. ʹʰʺʿʭʨ ʳʨʰʨ, ʨʴʻ ʨʺʳʨ-ʳʨʰʨ ʻʼʲʰʹ ʻʳʰʮʬʮʵ ˄ʿʨʲʵʩʨʹ
ʴʰˀʴʨʭʹ.
ʲʬʽʹʰʱʵʴ ʭʰˀʭʨ-ʱʵˀʨʹ ʯʨʴʨˆʳʨʫ, ʻʼʨʲʳʨ ʰ˂ʰʹ ˄ʨʸʹʻʲˀʰ
ʨʳʽʭʬʿʴʨʫ ʸʨʳʫʬʴˇʬʸʨ˂ ʳʵʭʰʫʨ ʫʨ ˄ʨʭʰʫʨ. ˁʭʬʻʲʬʩʸʰʭ

1054

Tavi meoTxe – transcendenturi codna

˂ʵ˂ˆʨʲ ʨʸʹʬʩʨʹ ʱʰ ʨˆʨʲʰ ʹˆʬʻʲʰʹ ʳʰʾʬʩʰʹʯʨʴʨʭʬ ˄ʨʸʹʻʲʰ
ʹˆʬʻʲʰʹ ˀʬʹʨˆʬʩ ʿʭʬʲʨʼʬʸʰ ʨʭʰ˄ʿʫʬʩʨ. ʫʬʫʨʳʰ˄ʨʮʬ ʿʵʼʴʰʹʨʹ
ʹʨʵ˂ʨʸ ʫʨ ʮʬʨʫʨʳʰʨʴʻʸ ʹʨʽʳʬʬʩʹ ʹˁʨʫʰʹ ʻʼʨʲʰ - ʳʨʸʨʫ
ʻ˂ʭʲʬʲʰ ʬʸʯʨʫʬʸʯʰ ˅ʬˀʳʨʸʰʺʬʩʨ. ʨʸ ʨʸʹʬʩʵʩʹ ʪʨʴʹˆʭʨʭʬʩʨ
ʳʰʹ ʼʵʸʳʨʹʨ ʫʨ ʯʨʭʨʫ ʳʨʹ ˀʵʸʰʹ, ʨʴʻ ʳʰʹ ʯʭʰʹʵʩʸʰʵʩʨʹʨ ʫʨ
ʹˆʬʻʲʹ ˀʵʸʰʹ. ʨˆʲʨ ʭʰʴʳʬʹ ˀʬʰ˃ʲʬʩʨ ʫʨʬʩʨʫʵʹ ʱʰʯˆʭʨ: ʨʳ
ʽʭʬʿʨʴʨʹ ʸʨʺʵʳ ʬʭʲʰʴʬʩʨ ʫʨ ʻˁʰʴʨʸʫʬʩʨ ʻʼʨʲʰ. ʬʹ
ʪʨʴʳʨʸʺʬʩʻʲʰʨ ˀʬʳʫʬʪ ʲʬʽʹˀʰ.
ʲʬʽʹʰ 7
ʸʵʫʬʹʨ˂ ʽʭʬʿʴʨʫ ʻʹˇʻʲʵʬʩʨ ʫʨʰʹʨʫʪʻʸʬʩʹ, ʳʬ ʳˆʹʴʬʲʨʫ
ʭʬʭʲʰʴʬʩʨ ʹʨʳʿʨʸʵʹ, ʵ, ʩˈʨʸʨʺʨʹ ˀʯʨʳʵʳʨʭʨʲʵ.
ˀʰʴʨ-ʨʸʹʰ. ʨʽ ʳʴʰˀʭʴʬʲʵʭʨʴʰʨ ʹʰʺʿʭʨ ʹʸʰˇʨʳʰ, ʸʵʳʲʰʹ ˆʳʨʸʬʩʨ
ʨʸ ˀʬʰ˃ʲʬʩʨ “ˀʬʽʳʴʰʹ” ʳʴʰˀʭʴʬʲʵʩʰʯ. ʸʨʫʪʨʴ, ˄ʰʴʨ ʲʬʽʹʰʹ
ʯʨʴʨˆʳʨʫ, ʻʼʲʰʹ ʼʵʸʳʨ ʨʴ ʹˆʬʻʲʰ ʽʳʴʨʫʵʩʨʹ ʨʸ ʬʳʵʸˁʰʲʬʩʨ,
ʰʪʰ ʳʨʸʨʫʨʸʹʬʩʻʲʰʨ. ʨʽ ʹʸʰˇʨʳʰ ʴʰˀʴʨʭʹ ʻʼʲʰʹ ʳʰʬʸ ʯʨʭʰʹ
˅ʬˀʳʨʸʰʺʰ ʹʨˆʰʹ ˁʭʬʴʬʩʨʹ.
ʻʼʨʲʰ, ʫʨ˄ʬʹʬʩʻʲʰ ʪʨʴʸʰʪʰʯ, ʳʬˀʭʰʫʬ ʳʨʴʻʹ ʵ˂ʫʨʳʬʸʭʬ
ʬʶʵʽʰʹ ʫʭʨʶʨʸʨ-ʰʻʪʰʹ ʩʵʲʵ ʪʭʬʭʲʰʴʬʩʨ; ʳʨʹ ʨʸ ʳʬʵʯˆʵʭʬʩʨ
ʸʨʰʳʬ ˄ʬʹʬʩʰʹ ʫʨ˂ʭʨ, ʭʰʴʨʰʫʨʴ ʸʨʹʨ˂ ʳʵʰʹʻʸʭʬʩʹ, ʿʭʬʲʨʼʸʰʹ
ʪʨʱʬʯʬʩʨ ˀʬʻ˃ʲʰʨ. ʨʳʰʺʵʳ ʸʵʫʬʹʨ˂ ʾʭʯʰʹ ʻʸ˄ʳʻʴʵʬʩʨ
ʫʨʰʹʨʫʪʻʸʬʩʹ ʫʨ ˅ʬˀʳʨʸʰʺʰ ʸ˄ʳʬʴʨ ʽʸʬʩʨ, ʱʸʰˀʴʨ ʹʨʱʻʯʨʸʰ
ʴʬʩʰʯ ʳʵʫʰʹ ʫʬʫʨʳʰ˄ʨʮʬ.
ʸʬʲʰʪʰʻʸʰ ʶʸʰʴ˂ʰʶʬʩʰ ʭʬʫʬʩˀʰʨ ʳʵ˂ʬʳʻʲʰ ʫʨ ʭʬʫʬʩʰʹ
˄ʬʹʬʩʰʹ ˀʬʹʸʻʲʬʩʰʹʨʪʨʴ ʴʬʩʰʹʳʰʬʸ ʪʨʫʨˆʸʨʹ ʨʫʨʳʰʨʴʰʹ
ʸ˄ʳʬʴʰʹ ˀʬʸʿʬʭʹ ʳʵʹʫʬʭʹ. “ʩˈʨʪʨʭʨʫ-ʪʰʺʨˀʰ” ʴʨʯʽʭʨʳʰʨ, ʸʵʳ ʬʹ
ʶʸʰʴ˂ʰʶʬʩʰ ʰʪʰʭʬ ʻʼʲʰʹ ʱʨʴʵʴʬʩʰʨ, ʳˆʵʲʵʫ ʻʼʨʲʹ ˀʬʻ˃ʲʰʨ
ʸʬʲʰʪʰʰʹ ʹʰʹʺʬʳʰʹ ˀʬʽʳʴʨ. ˂ʴʵʩʰʲʰʨ ʰʹʰ˂ʰ, ʸʵʳ ʻʼʨʲʳʨ
ʭʬʫʬʩʰ ʶʰʸʭʬʲʨʫ ʩʸʨˈʳʨʹ ʪʻʲʹ ʳʵʻʯˆʸʵ, ʨʳʰʺʵʳ ʫˈʨʸʳʰʹ,
ʨʴʻ ʸʬʲʰʪʰʰʹ ʶʸʰʴ˂ʰʶʬʩʰ ʻʮʬʴʨʬʹʰ ʶʰʸʵʭʴʬʩʰʹ ʻˀʻʨʲʵ
ʩʸ˃ʨʴʬʩʨʫ ʨʾʰʽʳʬʩʨ.
ʨʳ ʶʸʰʴ˂ʰʶʬʩʰʯ ʨʸʰʹ ʪʨʹˆʰʭʵʹʴʬʩʻʲʰ ʳʯʬʲʰ “ʩˈʨʪʨʭʨʫʪʰʺʨ”. ʭʬʫʬʩʰʹ ʳʰʮʨʴʰʨ ʻʼʲʰʹ ʩʸ˃ʨʴʬʩʰʹʨʳʬʩʸ ʳʨʯʰ ʨʳʽʭʬʿʴʨʫ

1154

Tavi meoTxe – transcendenturi codna

ʫʨʳʱʭʰʫʸʬʩʨ ʫʨ ʨʾʹʸʻʲʬʩʨ. “ʪʰʺʨʹ” ʫʨʹʨʹʸʻʲʹ ʻʼʨʲʰ
ʶʰʸʫʨʶʰʸ ʨ˂ˆʨʫʬʩʹ, ʸʵʳ ʸʬʲʰʪʰʰʹ ʻʳʨʾʲʬʹʰ ʶʸʰʴ˂ʰʶʰ
ʳˆʵʲʵʫ ʳʨʹʮʬ ʳʰʴʫʵʩʨʨ ʫʨ ʹˆʭʨ ʨʸʨʼʬʸʰ. ʸʵʫʬʹʨ˂ ʫʬʳʵʴʬʩʰ
ʳʨʹ ʨʸʾʭʬʭʬʴ, ʳʨˀʰʴ ʻʼʨʲʰ ʳˆʹʴʬʲʨʫ ʳʵʩʸ˃ʨʴʫʬʩʨ.
“ʩˈʨʪʨʭʨʺʨʳʰʫʨʴ” ʭʪʬʩʻʲʵʩʯ, ʸʵʳ ʩʻʫʨ ʨʸʰʹ ʻʼʨʲʰ ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ
ʰʴʱʨʸʴʨ˂ʰʨ, ʸʵʳʬʲʰ˂ ʳʨˀʰʴ ʳʵʬʭʲʰʴʨ ʽʭʬʿʨʴʨʹ, ʸʵʫʬʹʨ˂
ʳʨʺʬʸʰʨʲʰʹʺʬʩʹ ˂ˆʵʭʬʲʯʨ ʳʹˆʭʬʸʶʲˀʬ˄ʰʸʭʨʯʨ ʳʰʮʬʮʨʫ
ʭʬʫʬʩʰʹ ʨʭʺʵʸʰʺʬʺʰ ʳʵˈʿʨʭʫʨʯ. ˂ˆʵʭʬʲʯʨ ˀʬ˄ʰʸʭʬʩʯʨʴ
ʫʨʱʨʭˀʰʸʬʩʰʯ ʭʬʫʬʩˀʰ ʳʵ˂ʬʳʻʲʰʨ ʪʨʸʱʭʬʻʲʰ ˀʬʳʮʾʻʫʭʬʲʰ
˄ʬʹʬʩʰ; ʫʬʳʵʴʻʸʰ ʳʰʫʸʬʱʰʲʬʩʬʩʰʹ ʳʽʵʴʬ ˆʨʲˆʰ ʳʨʰʴ˂
ˆʵ˂ʨʭʫʨ ʳʨʯ. ʬʹ ʭʬʫʬʩʰʹ ʳʰˆʬʫʭʰʯ ʪʨʳʨʸʯʲʬʩʻʲʰ ʨʸ ʰʿʵ.
ʻʼʨʲʰ ʩʻʫʨ ʳʵʬʭʲʰʴʨ, ʸʨʯʨ ˀʬʬˁʬʸʬʩʰʴʨ ʬʹ ʻʨʮʸʵ
ʳʵʽʳʬʫʬʩʬʩʰ ʫʨ ʨʸʨ˃ʨʲʳʵʳʸʬʵʩʰʹ ʭʬʫʻʸʰ ʶʸʰʴ˂ʰʶʬʩʰ
ʪʨʬʭʸ˂ʬʲʬʩʰʴʨ.
ʿʵʭʬʲ ʨʭʨʺʨʸʨʹ, ʨʴʻ ʻʼʲʰʹ ʰʴʱʨʸʴʨ˂ʰʨʹ, ʪʨʸʱʭʬʻʲʰ ʳʰʹʰʨ
ʬʱʰʹʸʬʩʨ ʫʨ ʬʹ ʿʭʬʲʨʼʬʸʰ ʪʨʴʫʵʩʰʲ ˄ʬʸʰʲʬʩˀʰʨ ʫʨʫʪʬʴʰʲʰ.
ʨʸ ˀʬʰ˃ʲʬʩʨ ʰʳʰʹ ʨʾʰʨʸʬʩʨ ʨʭʺʨʸʨʫ, ʭʰʴ˂ ʨʽ ʨʸ ʨʸʰʹ
ʳʵˆʹʬʴʰʬʩʻʲʰ. ʻʼʨʲʰ ʳˆʵʲʵʫ ʰʴʫʵʬʯˀʰ ʸʵʫʰ ˁʨʳʵʫʰʹ.
ʸʵ˂ʨ ʫʨ ʹʨʫʨ˂ ʳʵʰʹʻʸʭʬʩʹ, ʿʭʬʲʪʨʴ ˀʬʻ˃ʲʰʨ ʳʵʪʭʬʭʲʰʴʵʹ.
ʿʵʭʬʲʰ ʳʵʹʭʲʰʹʨʹ ʸ˄ʳʬʴʨʹʨ ʫʨ ʾʭʯʰʹʳʵʹʨʵʩʨʮʬ ʰʳʫʬʴʹ
ʲʨʶʨʸʨʱʵʩʹ, ʸʨʳʫʬʴʰʹ ʳʰˆʭʬʫʸʨ˂ ʨʫʨʳʰʨʴʬʩʹ ˀʬʻ˃ʲʰʨʯ.
ʳʨʪʸʨʳ ʳʰʹʰʨ ʳʨʰʴ˂ ʬʸʯʰʨ - ˆʨʲˆʰ ʾʳʬʸʯʰʹ ˂ʴʵʩʰʬʸʬʩʨʳʫʬ ʫʨ
ʸʬʲʰʪʰʰʹ ʱʨʴʵʴʯʨ ʳʵˁʸʰʲʬʩʨʳʫʬ ʳʰʰʿʭʨʴʵʹ. ʮʵʪˇʬʸ ʰʪʰ
ʶʰʸʨʫʨʫ ʪʭʬ˂ˆʨʫʬʩʨ, ʮʵʪˇʬʸ ˀʭʰʲʰʹ ʨʴ ʳʹʨˆʻʸʰʹ ʹʨˆʰʯ
ʨʪʮʨʭʴʰʹ ʯʨʭʰʹ ˅ʬˀʳʨʸʰʺ ˄ʨʸʳʵʳʨʫʪʬʴʬʲʹ ʨʴ ʼʨʸʻʲʨʫ
ʳʵʪʭʬʨˆʲʬʩʨ.
“ʩˈʨʪʨʭʨʫ-ʪʰʺʨʹ” ʶʸʰʴ˂ʰʶʬʩʰ ʱʸʰˀʴʨʳ ʨʸˇʻʴʨʹ ʨʻ˄ʿʨ,
ʸʵʪʵʸ˂ ʨʳʨʾʲʬʩʻʲ ʶʰʸʵʭʴʬʩʨʹ, ʭʰʴʨʰʫʨʴ ʰʪʰ ʳʹʵʼʲʰʵʹ
ʹˆʭʨʫʨʹˆʭʨ ʳˆʨʸʬˀʰ ʳ˂ˆʵʭʸʬʩ ʻʩʸʨʲʵ ˆʨʲˆʮʬ ʪʨ˂ʰʲʬʩʰʯ
ʳʨʾʲʨ ʰʫʪʨ. ʵʸʹ ʳʰʭʻʳʨʺʵʯ ʵʸʰ - ʵʯˆʰʨ - ʬʹ ʳʨʯʬʳʨʺʰʱʻʸʰ
˅ʬˀʳʨʸʰʺʬʩʨʨ ʫʨʳ˄ʿʬʩʰ ʳʵ˄ʨʼʰʹʨʯʭʰʹʨ˂ ʫʨ ʳʨʾʨʲ ʱʲʨʹˀʰ
ʳʿʵʼʰʹʯʭʰʹʨ˂. ʳʨʪʸʨʳ ʳʨʰʴ˂ ʨʸʹʬʩʵʩʹ ʻʳʨʾʲʬʹʰ ʫʨ
ʬʲʬʳʬʴʺʨʸʻʲʰ ʳʨʯʬʳʨʺʰʱʨ.

1254

Tavi meoTxe – transcendenturi codna

ʻʼʲʰʹ ʿʵʭʬʲʰ ʰʴʱʨʸʴʨ˂ʰʨ ʬʸʯʹʨ ʫʨ ʰʳʨʭʬ ʶʸʰʴ˂ʰʶʬʩʹ
ʪʭʨʹ˄ʨʭʲʰʹ, ʳʨʪʸʨʳ ʹˆʭʨʫʨʹˆʭʨ ʭʰʯʨʸʬʩʨˀʰ ʰʹʰʴʰ ʳʨʾʨʲ ʫʨ
ʫʨʩʨʲ ˀʬʪʵʴʬʩʬʩʨʫ ʪʭʬˁʭʬʴʬʩʨ. ʸʵʪʵʸ˂ ʳʵʪʭʰʨʴʬʩʰʯ ʰʽʴʬʩʨ
ʪʨʴʳʨʸʺʬʩʻʲʰ, ʸʬʲʰʪʰʰʹ ʳʨʾʨʲʰ ʶʸʰʴ˂ʰʶʬʩʰ
ʹʨʮʵʪʨʫʬʵʩʸʰʭʰ ˂ˆʵʭʸʬʩʰʹ ʵʯˆʰ ʼʬʴʰʹʨ ʫʨ ʵʯˆʰ ʹʺʨʺʻʹʰʹ
ʨʾʰʨʸʬʩʰʯ ʰ˄ʿʬʩʨ. ʰʴʱʨʸʴʨ˂ʰʨʫ ʳʵʯʲʰʴʬʩʰʹ ʳʰʮʨʴʰ˂ ʰʹʨʨ, ʸʵʳ
ʿʭʬʲʪʨʴ ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ ˂ʴʵʩʰʬʸʬʩʨ ʨʾʵʸ˃ʰʴʫʬʹ. ʨʹʬʯʰ ˂ʴʵʩʰʬʸʬʩʨ
ʭʲʰʴʫʬʩʨ ʨʴ ʨʸ ʭʲʰʴʫʬʩʨ ʳˆʵʲʵʫ ʹˆʭʨʫʨʹˆʭʨ ʶʰʸʵʩʬʩʰʹ
ʪʨʳʵ.
ʲʬʽʹʰ 8
˄ʳʰʴʫʨʴʬʩʰʹ ʹʨˀʭʬʲʨʫ ʫʨ ʨʸʨʳʮʨʫʬʩʰʹ ʳʵʹʨʹʶʵʩʨʫ, ʨʪʸʬʯʭʬ
ʾʭʯʰʹʳʰʬʸʰ ˄ʬʹʸʰʪʰʹ ʨʾʹʨʫʪʬʴʨʫ ʳʬ ʯʨʭʨʫ ʭʬʭʲʰʴʬʩʰ ʨʳ
ʽʭʬʿʨʴʨʹ ʬʶʵʽʰʫʨʴ ʬʶʵʽʨˀʰ.
ˀʰʴʨ-ʨʸʹʰ. “ʩˈʨʪʨʭʨʫ-ʪʰʺʨʹ” ʯʨʴʨˆʳʨʫ, ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ ˂ʴʵʩʰʬʸʬʩʰʹ
ʿʵʭʬʲʰ ʾʰʸʹʬʩʰʹ ʳʼʲʵʩʬʲʰ ʨʫʨʳʰʨʴʰ ʹʨʫˈʻʫ ʻʴʫʨ
ˁʨʰʯʭʨʲʵʹ. ʫʻˀʱʸʰʺʨʳ ʰʹʰʴʰ ʨʸʰʨʴ, ʭʰʹʨ˂ ʬʹ ʾʭʯʨʻʸʰ
ʹʰʩʸ˃ʴʬ ʨʸ ʨʰʴʺʬʸʬʹʬʩʹ. ʫʻˀʱʸʰʺʬʩʹ ʨʸʨʳʮʨʫʬʩʨʫ,
˅ʱʻʨʴʨʱʲʻʲʬʩʨʫ ʫʨ ʽʭʬʴʨ ʨʫʨʳʰʨʴʬʩʨʫ ʳʵʰˆʹʬʴʰʬʩʬʴ, ʯʻʳ˂ʨ
ʳʨʯ ˀʬʰ˃ʲʬʩʨ ʹʨʬʸʵ ʪʨʴʨʯʲʬʩʨ˂ ʨʳʱʵʩʫʬʯ. ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ
˂ʴʵʩʰʬʸʬʩʨʹ ʳʯʬʲʰ ʨʸʹʬʩʰʯ ʳʰʴʫʵʩʰʲʰ ʱʰ ʹʨʫˈʻʫ ʨʸʰʹ
ʳʰˁʴʬʻʲʰ ʳʨˀʰʴʨ˂, ʸʵ˂ʨ ˀʬʰ˃ʲʬʩʨ ʨʸ˂ ʪʨʴʹ˄ʨʭʲʻʲʰ ʰʿʵʹ ʫʨ
ʨʸ˂ ʳʵʨʮʸʵʭʴʬ.
ʸʨ˂ ˀʬʬˆʬʩʨʯ ʨʯʬʰʹʺʬʩʹ, ʯʨʭʨʫ ʻʮʬʴʨʬʹʰ ʻʼʲʰʹ ʳʵʭʲʰʴʬʩʨ
ʨʸ ʨʸʰʹ ʹʨ˅ʰʸʵ ʳʨʯ ˄ʨʸʹʨˆʵ˂ʨʫ, ʸʵʪʵʸ˂, ʳʨʪʨʲʰʯʨʫ, ʻʼʨʲʳʨ
ʳʵʹʶʵ ʸʨʭʨʴʨ ʫʨ ʱʨʳʹʨ. ʻʮʬʴʨʬʹʹ ʻʨʳʸʨʭʰ ʫʨʳˆʳʨʸʬ ˈʿʨʭʹ,
ʸʵʳʬʲʯʨ˂ ʰʵʲʨʫ ˃ʨʲʻ˃ʯ ʫʬʳʵʴʬʩʰʹ ʪʨʴʨʫʪʻʸʬʩʨ.
ʳʰʻˆʬʫʨʭʨʫ ʨʳʰʹʨ, ʻʼʨʲʰ ʹʨʪʨʴʪʬʩʵʫ ʬˀʭʬʩʨ ʳʰ˄ʨʮʬ, ʸʨʯʨ
ʹʰʳˀʭʰʫʬ ʳʵˈʪʭʨʸʵʹ ˄ʳʰʴʫʨ ʬʸʯʪʻʲʬʩʹ, ʸʵʳʬʲʯʨ˂ ʫʬʳʵʴʬʩʰ
ʪʨʳʻʫʳʬʩʰʯ ʻˀʼʵʯʬʩʬʴ ʹʻʲʹ ʳʨˀʰʴʨ˂, ʸʵ˂ʨ ʬʹ ʬʸʯʪʻʲʰ ʳʨʯ
ʴʨʯʬʹʨʭʨʫ ʬʸʯʪʬʩʨ. ʳʨʪʨʲʰʯʨʫ, ʶʸʨˈʲʨʫʨ ʳʨˈʨʸʨˇʨʹ
ʹʨʱʻʯʨʸʰ ʳʨʳʨ - ˈʰʸʨʴʰʨʱʨˀʰʶʻ ʫʬʭʴʰʫʨ; ʯʻʳ˂ʨ ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ ʫʬʫʨ
ʫʬʭʨʱʰ, ʱʨʳʹʨʹ ʾʭʰ˃ʲʰ ʫʨ ʰʿʵ, ʬʹ ʻʱʨʴʨʹʱʴʬʲʰ ʳʨʹ ʫʨ ʹʰ˃ʬʹ 

1354

Tavi meoTxe – transcendenturi codna

ʭʨʹʻʫʬʭʨʹ ʳʵʹʨʱʲʨʭʨʫ ʫʨʹʫʬʭʫʨ ʳˆʵʲʵʫ ʰʳʰʺʵʳ, ʸʵʳ
ʱʸʰˀʴʨ ʳʨʯʯʨʴ ʻʴʫʨ ʫʨʩʨʫʬʩʻʲʰʿʵ. ʻʼʨʲʰ ʱʸʰˀʴʨ,
ʻʶʰʸʭʬʲʬʹ ʿʵʭʲʰʹʨ, ʫʬʳʵʴʰʹ ʫʬʭʴʰʹʨʪʨʴ ʫʬʭʨʱʰʹ
ʪʨʹʨʯʨʭʰʹʻʼʲʬʩʲʨʫ ʫʨʬˀʭʨ ˂ʰʫʨʴ ʫʨ ʨʸʨ ʱʨʳʹʨʹ ʳʵʹʨʱʲʨʭʨʫ,
ʳʨʪʸʨʳ ʻʼʨʲʹ ʬʸʯʫʸʵʻʲʨʫ ʵʸʰʭʬ ʨʳ ʹʨʽʳʰʹ ˀʬʹʸʻʲʬʩʨ
ʳʵʻˆʫʨ. ʨʳʰʺʵʳ ʨʸʰʹ ʨʳ ʲʬʽʹˀʰ ʴʨʯʽʭʨʳʰ: ʬʸʯʪʻʲʯʨ
ʹʨˀʭʬʲʨʫ ʫʨ ʨʸʨʳʮʨʫʨ ʫʬʳʵʴʬʩʰʹ ʪʨʹʨʴʨʫʪʻʸʬʩʲʨʫ ʻʼʨʲʰ
ʹˆʭʨʫʨʹˆʭʨ ʰʴʱʨʸʴʨ˂ʰʰʯ ʬʭʲʰʴʬʩʨ ʹʨʳʿʨʸʵʹ. ʱʸʰˀʴʨʫʨʹʨ
ʱʨʭʰʸʨˇʨ “ˁʨʰʺʨʴʰʨ-ˁʨʸʰʺʨʳʸʰʺʨˀʰ” ʻʼʲʰʹ ʨʭʨʺʨʸʨʹ, ʨʴʻ
ʻʮʬʴʨʬʹʰʹ ʪʨʸʫʨʹˆʬʻʲʬʩʰʹ, ʶʸʰʴ˂ʰʶʬʩʰ ˀʬˇʨʳʬʩʻʲʰʨ ˀʬʳʫʬʪ
ʲʬʽʹʬʩˀʰ (ʳʨʫˈʰʨ 20.263-64):
“ʨʭʨʺʨʸʨ, ʨʴʻ ʾʳʸʯʨʬʩʰʹ ʹʨˆʬ˂ʭʲʰʲʰ ʼʵʸʳʨ, ʻʼʲʰʹ
ʹʨʹʻʼʬʭʲʰʫʨʴ ʳʨʺʬʸʰʨʲʻʸ ʹʨʳʿʨʸʵˀʰ ʬˀʭʬʩʨ. ʰʳ ʱʵʴʱʸʬʺʻʲ
ʹˆʬʻʲʹ ʱʰ, ʸʵʳʲʰʯʨ˂ ʻʼʨʲʰ ʨʳʽʭʬʿʴʨʫ ʳʵʫʰʹ,
ʪʨʸʫʨʹˆʬʻʲʬʩʨ, ʨʴʻ ʨʭʨʺʨʸʨ ˈʽʭʰʨ. ʨʹʬʯʰ ʰʴʱʨʸʴʨ˂ʰʬʩʰ
ʹʻʲʰʬʸ ʮʬ˂ʨˀʰ, ʾʳʬʸʯʰʹ ʶʰʸʭʬʲʹʨʳʿʵʼʬʲˀʰ ʳʱʭʰʫʸʵʩʬʴ.
ʳʰ˄ʰʬʸ ʹʨʳʿʨʸʵˀʰ ˁʨʳʵʹʭʲʰʹ ˀʬʳʫʬʪ ʰʹʰʴʰ ʰ˄ʵʫʬʩʰʨʴ
ʨʭʨʸʨʺʬʩʨʴ.”
ʨʸʹʬʩʵʩʹ ʹˆʭʨʫʨʹˆʭʨ ʹʨˆʰʹ ʨʭʨʺʨʸʨ: ʶʻʸʻˀʨʭʨʺʨʸʨ,
ʪʻʴʨʭʨʺʨʸʨ, ʲʰʲʨʭʨʺʨʸʨ, ˀʨʱʺʰ-ʨʭʬˀʨ-ʨʭʨʺʨʸʨ, ʳʨʴʭʨʴʺʨʸʨʨʭʨʺʨʸʨ ʫʨ ʰʻʪʨʭʨʺʨʸʨ. ʻʼʨʲʰ ʱʸʰˀʴʨ ʿʵʭʬʲʰ ʨʳ ʨʭʨʺʨʸʰʹ
ʶʰʸʭʬʲ˄ʿʨʸʵʨ. ʨʭʨʺʨʸʬʩʰ ʪʨʸʱʭʬʻʲʰ ʪʨʴʸʰʪʰʯ ʳʵʫʰʨʴ
ʨʳʽʭʬʿʴʨʫ. ʻʼʨʲʰ ʹʨʪʨʴʪʬʩʵ ʳʰʮʴʰʯ ʬˀʭʬʩʨ, ʸʨʯʨ ʫʨʻ˂ˆʸʵʹ
ʳʾʬʲʭʨʸʬʩʨ ˄ʳʰʴʫʨ ʬʸʯʪʻʲʬʩʹ, ʸʵʳʬʲʯʨ˂ ʭʸʰʴʨʫʨʭʨʴʰʹ
ʪʨʸʯʵʩʬʩˀʰ ʳʰʹʰ ˆʰʲʭʨ ʬʴʨʸʺʬʩʨʯ. ʨʭʨʺʨʸʬʩʰʹ ʻʶʰʸʭʬʲʬʹʰ
ʳʵʭʨʲʬʵʩʨ˂ ʻʼʲʰʹ ˄ʳʰʴʫʨ ʬʸʯʪʻʲʬʩʰʹʨʯʭʰʹ ʱʳʨʿʵʼʰʲʬʩʰʹ
ʳʵʪʭʸʨʨ.
ʲʬʽʹˀʰ ʻʼʨʲʰ ʨʳʩʵʩʹ, ʸʵʳ ʫʬʫʨʳʰ˄ʨʮʬ ʯʨʭʨʫ ʬˀʭʬʩʨ
ʬʶʵʽʰʫʨʴ ʬʶʵʽʨˀʰ, ʹʨʻʱʻʴʰʫʨʴ ʹʨʻʱʻʴʬˀʰ ʫʨ ʯʭʰʯ ʱʨʲʰʰʻʪʨˀʰ˂ ʳʵʬʭʲʰʴʨ ʹʨʳʿʨʸʵʹ. “ˀʸʰʳʨʫ-ʩˈʨʪʨʭʨʺʨʳʰʹ” ʯʨʴʨˆʳʨʫ,
ʱʨʲʰ-ʰʻʪʨˀʰ, ʨʳ ʩʰ˄ʰʬʸ ʿʵʼʨˀʰ, ʰʪʰ ʳʵʩʸ˃ʨʴʫʨ ʻʼʨʲʰ
ˁʨʰʺʨʴʰʨ ʳʨˈʨʶʸʨʩˈʻʨʹ ʹʨˆʰʯ, ʸʵʳʬʲʳʨ˂ ʫʨʨʳʱʭʰʫʸʨ ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ
ʯʨʿʭʨʴʰʹ˂ʬʳʨ ʹʨʴʱʰʸʺʨʴʨʹ (˄ʳʰʴʫʨ ʹʨˆʬʲʯʨ ʬʸʯʵʩʰʲʰ
ʪʨʲʵʩʰʹ) ʹʨˆʰʯ ʫʨ ʳʯʬʲ ʰʴʫʵʬʯʹ ʳʵˈʼʰʴʨ ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ

1454

Tavi meoTxe – transcendenturi codna

˂ʴʵʩʰʬʸʬʩʰʹ ʴʨʯʬʲʰ. ʳʨʴ ʰ˄ʰʴʨʹ˄ʨʸʳʬʺʿʭʬʲʨ, ʸʵʳ ʹʨʴʱʰʸʺʨʴʨʹ
ʬʹ ʱʻʲʺʻʸʨ ʳʯʬʲ ʳʹʵʼʲʰʵˀʰ, ʿʵʭʬʲ ʽʨʲʨʽʹʨ ʫʨ ʹʵʼʬʲˀʰ,
ʪʨʭʸ˂ʬʲʫʬʩʵʫʨ. ʻʼʨʲʰ ˁʨʰʺʨʴʰʨ, ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ ʸʵʪʵʸ˂
ʾʳʸʯʨʬʩʸʰʭʰ ʶʰʸʵʭʴʬʩʰʹ ʰʴʱʨʸʴʨ˂ʰʨ, ʨʾ˄ʬʸʰʲʰʨ ˀʬʼʨʸʭʰʯ,
ʨʸʨʶʰʸʫʨʶʰʸ ʪʨʴʫʵʩʰʲ ˄ʬʸʰʲʯʨ ʹʨʱʸʨʲʻʸ ʴʨ˄ʰʲʬʩˀʰ,
ʸʵʪʵʸʰ˂ʨʨ “ʻʶʨʴʰˀʨʫʬʩʰ”, “ʳʨˈʨʩˈʨʸʨʺʨ” ʫʨ “ʩˈʨʪʨʭʨʺʨʳʰ”.
ʻʼʨʲʰ ˁʨʰʺʨʴʰʨʹ ʴʨ˄ʰʴʨʹ˄ʨʸʳʬʺʿʭʬʲʬʩʰ ʳʵ˃ʸʨʵʩʨ, ʹʨʴʱʰʸʺʨʴʨ,
ʳ˃ʲʨʭʸʨʫ ʰʮʰʫʨʭʹ ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ ʬʸʯʪʻʲʬʩʹ. ʬʹ ʨʭʨʺʨʸʨ ˂ʴʵʩʰʲʰʨ
ʰʳʰʯ, ʸʵʳ ʨʸ ˆʵ˂ʨʭʹ ʫʬʳʵʴ-ʨʸʨʳʮʨʫʬʩʹ, ʨʸʨʳʬʫ ʯʨʭʰʹʰ
ʮʾʭʨʸʫʨʻʫʬʩʬʲʰ ˄ʿʨʲʵʩʰʯ ʨʯʨʭʰʹʻʼʲʬʩʹ ʩʵʸʵʺʬʩʰʯ
ʺʿʭʬʽʳʴʰʲ ʹʻʲʬʩʹ.
ʲʬʽʹʰ 9
ʭʰʴ˂ ˀʬʰ˂ʴʵ ʽʭʬʿʴʨʫ ˁʬʳʰ ʳʵʭʲʰʴʬʩʰʹʨ ʫʨ ʹʨʽʳʬʯʨ ˁʬʳʯʨ
ʩʻʴʬʩʨ, ʹˆʬʻʲʰʹ ʳʰʺʵʭʬʩʰʹ ˀʬʳʫʬʪ ʯʨʭʰʹʻʼʲʫʬʩʨ
ʳʨʺʬʸʰʨʲʻʸ ʹʨʳʿʨʸʵˀʰ ʱʭʲʨʭ ʫʨʩʨʫʬʩʰʹʨʪʨʴ ʫʨ ʳʨʸʨʫʰʻʲ
ʹʨʹʻʼʬʭʬʲʹ ʨʾ˄ʬʭʹ, ʵ, ʨʸˇʻʴʨ.
ˀʰʴʨ-ʨʸʹʰ. ʳʬʬʽʭʹʬ ʲʬʽʹˀʰ ʪʨʴʳʨʸʺʬʩʻʲʰ ʰʿʵ, ʸʵʪʵʸ ˆʫʬʩʨ
ʻʼʲʰʹ ʳʵʭʲʰʴʬʩʨ ʳʰ˄ʰʬʸʬʩʰʹ ʹʨʳʿʵʼʬʲˀʰ ʳʰʾʳʨ ʹʨʳʿʨʸʵʫʨʴ.
ʰʹ, ʭʰʴ˂ ʨʹʬʯʰ ʳʵʭʲʰʴʬʩʰʹ ˅ʬˀʳʨʸʰʺʬʩʨ ˀʬʰ˂ʴʵ, ʯʨʭʰʹʻʼʨʲʰʨ
ʳʨʺʬʸʰʨʲʻʸʰ ʺʿʭʬʵʩʰʫʨʴ. ʨʳʰʺʵʳ ʨˆʲʨʴʫʬʲʰ ʹˆʬʻʲʰʹ
ʳʰʺʵʭʬʩʰʹ ˀʬʳʫʬʪ ʻʳʨʲ ʾʳʬʸʯʰʹ ʹʨʹʻʼʬʭʬʲʹ ʻʩʸʻʴʫʬʩʨ.
˂ʵ˂ˆʨʲʰ ʨʸʹʬʩʰʹʨʯʭʰʹ ʨʹʬʯʰ ʪʨʴʯʨʭʰʹʻʼʲʬʩʨ ʰʵʲʰ ʨʸ ʨʸʰʹ.
ʰʳʶʬʸʹʵʴʨʲʰʹʺʬʩʰ ʫʨ ʰʵʪʬʩʰ ʳʨʹ ʳˆʵʲʵʫ ʻʨʳʸʨʭʰ ʫʨʩʨʫʬʩʰʹ
˄ʸʬʩʸʻʴʭʨˀʰ ʻʹʨʮʾʭʸʵ ʺʨʴˇʭʰʹ ˀʬʳʫʬʪ ʨʾ˄ʬʭʬʴ.
ʻʼʲʰʹ ʻʶʰʸʵʭʴʵ ʩʸʨˈʳʨˇʰʵʺʰʹʯʨʴ ˀʬʸ˄ʿʳʰʯ ʳʰʾ˄ʬʻʲʰ
ʪʨʴʯʨʭʰʹʻʼʲʬʩʨ ʨʸ ʨʸʰʹ ʹʸʻʲʰ ʫʨ ʨʸʹʬʩʵʩʹ ʳʰ˄ʰʬʸ
ʹʨʳʿʨʸʵˀʰ ʫʨʩʸʻʴʬʩʰʹ ʹʨˀʰˀʸʵʬʩʨ. ʨʹʬʯʰ ʸʨʳ ʬʸʯʪʻʲʹ ʨʸ
ʬʳʻʽʸʬʩʨ - ʻʼʲʰʹ ʹʨʽʳʬʯʨ ʩʻʴʬʩʰʹ ˀʬ˂ʴʵʩʰʯ ʻʳʨʾʲʬʹ
ʹʨʹʻʼʬʭʬʲʹ ʨʾ˄ʬʭʹ ʫʨ ʹʻʲʰʬʸʰ ʫʨ˂ʬʳʨ ʨʾʨʸ ʬʳʻʽʸʬʩʨ.
“ʩʸʨˈʳʨ-ʹʨʳˈʰʺʨˀʰ” (5.33) ʴʨʯʽʭʨʳʰʨ, ʸʵʳ ʨʸʹʬʩʵʩʹ ʻʼʲʰʹ
ʻʨʳʸʨʭʰ ʹʨˆʬ ʫʨ ʰʴʱʨʸʴʨ˂ʰʨ, ʳʨʪʸʨʳ ʿʭʬʲʨ ʪʨʸʫʨʹʨˆʻʲʰ ʼʵʸʳʨ
ʳˆʵʲʵʫ ʻʮʬʴʨʬʹʰ ʶʰʸʵʭʴʬʩʨʨ ʫʨ ʹˆʭʨ ʨʸʨʭʰʴ!

1554

Tavi meoTxe – transcendenturi codna

ʬʹ ʻʴʫʨ ʰʸ˄ʳʻʴʵʯ! ʯʻʳ˂ʨ ʳʬ˂ʴʰʬʸʬʩʹʨ ʫʨ ʬʳʶʰʸʰʻʲ
ʼʰʲʵʹʵʼʵʹʬʩʹ ʨʸ ˀʬʻ˃ʲʰʨʯ ʰʳʰʹ ˄ʨʸʳʵʫʪʬʴʨ˂ ʱʰ, ʸʨ˂
ʭʬʫʬʩˀʰʨ ʴʨʯʽʭʨʳʰ:
“ʻʮʬʴʨʬʹʰ ʾʳʸʯʨʬʩʸʰʭʰ ʶʰʸʵʭʴʬʩʨ ʳʨʸʨʫʰʻʲʨʫ
ʫʨʱʨʭʬʩʻʲʰʨ ʯʨʭʰʹ ˄ʳʰʴʫʨ ʬʸʯʪʻʲʬʩʯʨʴ ʨʯʨʹʪʭʨʸʰ
ʺʸʨʴʹ˂ʬʴʫʬʴʺʻʸʰ ʻʸʯʰʬʸʯʵʩʬʩʰʯ.” ʨʳ ʭʬʫʻʸ ʨʮʸʹ “ʪʰʺʨʹ”
ʳʬ-9 ʲʬʽʹˀʰ ʯʨʭʨʫ ʻʼʨʲʰ ʨʫʨʹʺʻʸʬʩʹ. ʰʹ, ʭʰʴ˂ ʭʬʫʬʩʰʹʨ ʫʨ
ʻʮʬʴʨʬʹʰ ʶʰʸʵʭʴʬʩʰʹ ʨʭʺʵʸʰʺʬʺʮʬ ʫʨʿʸʫʴʵʩʰʯ ʨʾʰʨʸʬʩʹ ʨʳ
˅ʬˀʳʨʸʰʺʬʩʨʹ ʫʨ ʫʸʵʹ ʼʰʲʵʹʵʼʰʻʸ ʪʵʴʬʩʨʳˁˆʸʬʱʬʲʵʩʨˀʰ ʨʸ
ʱʨʸʪʨʭʹ, ʻʳʨʾʲʬʹ ʹʸʻʲʽʳʴʨʹ ʨʾ˄ʬʭʹ. ʻʩʸʨʲʵʫ ʨʳ
˅ʬˀʳʨʸʰʺʬʩʰʹ ʸ˄ʳʬʴʰʯʨ ʫʨ ʨʾʰʨʸʬʩʰʯ ʨʫʨʳʰʨʴʰ
ʯʨʭʰʹʻʼʲʫʬʩʨ ʳʰ˄ʰʬʸʬʩʰʹ ʩʵʸʱʰʲʬʩʰʫʨʴ. ʭʬʫʻʸʰ ʭʬʸʹʰʨ ʺʨʺ ʺʭʨʳ ʨʹʰ - ʴʨʳʫʭʰʲʨʫ ʳʰʬʹʨʫʨʪʬʩʨ ʨʳ ˀʬʳʯˆʭʬʭʨʹ. ʭʰʴ˂
ˁʨʰʩʬ˅ʫʨ ʪʻʲˀʰ: “ˀʬʴʨ ˆʨʸ ʯʨʭʨʫ ʻʮʬʴʨʬʹʰ ʩʸʨˈʳʨʴʰ, ʻʮʬʴʨʬʹʰ
ʾʳʸʯʨʬʩʸʰʭʰ ʶʰʸʵʭʴʬʩʨ”, ʳʨʹ ʻʳʨʲ ʯʨʭʰʹʻʼʲʬʩʰʹʨ ʫʨ
ʻʼʨʲʯʨʴ ʺʸʨʴʹ˂ʬʴʫʬʴʺʻʸʰ ʹʰʨˆʲʵʭʰʹ ʳʨʫʲʰ ʳʰʬʴʰ˅ʬʩʨ.
ʬʸʯʪʻʲʯʨ ʨʳʪʭʨʸʰ ʹʸʻʲʿʵʼʨ ʫʨʫʨʹʺʻʸʬʩʻʲʰʨ ˀʬʳʫʬʪʰ
ʭʬʫʻʸʰ ʪʨʴʨ˂ˆʨʫʰʯ:
“ʫʨʩʨʫʬʩʨ-ʹʰʱʭʫʰʲʰʹʨʪʨʴ ʪʨʴʯʨʭʰʹʻʼʲʬʩʨ ˀʬʰ˃ʲʬʩʨ
ʻʩʸʨʲʵʫ ʻʮʬʴʨʬʹʰ ʾʳʸʯʨʬʩʸʰʭʰ ʶʰʸʵʭʴʬʩʰʹ ˀʬ˂ʴʵʩʰʯ ʫʨ ʨʸ
ʨʸʹʬʩʵʩʹ ʹˆʭʨ ʪʮʨ ʨʹʬʯʰ ʹʸʻʲʿʵʼʰʹʨ” (“ˀʭʬʺʨˀʭʨʺʨʸʨ
ʻʶʨʴʰˀʨʫʰ” 3.8). ʭʰʴ˂ ʭʬʸ ˀʬʰ˂ʴʵ, ʸʵʳ ʻʼʨʲʰ ʱʸʰˀʴʨ ʨʸʰʹ
ʻʮʬʴʨʬʹʰ ʶʰʸʵʭʴʬʩʨ, ʻʬ˅ʭʬʲʨʫ ʻʳʬ˂ʸʬʩʰʹ ʳʵʫʻʹˀʰʨ
ʳʵʽ˂ʬʻʲʰ ʫʨ ˄ʨʨʪʨʭʹ ʯʨʼʲʰʨʴʰ ʽʰʲʰʹ ʳˆʵʲʵʫ ʪʨʸʬʫʨʴ
ʳʲʵʱʭʬʲʹ, ʨʴʻ ʹʨʬʸʵ ˂ʵʫʴʰʹ ʹʨʼʻ˃ʭʬʲʮʬ “ʩˈʨʪʨʭʨʫ-ʪʰʺʨʹ”
ʪʨʴʳʨʸʺʬʩʬʩʰʯ ʭʬʸ ʪʨʴʯʨʭʰʹʻʼʲʫʬʩʨ. ʨʹʬʯʳʨ ʳʵʨʮʸʵʭʴʬʬʩʳʨ
ʳʨʺʬʸʰʨʲʻʸ ʹʨʳʿʨʸʵˀʰ ˀʬʰ˃ʲʬʩʨ ʳʴʰˀʭʴʬʲʵʭʨʴʰ ʸʵʲʰ
ʰʯʨʳʨˀʵʴ, ʳʨʪʸʨʳ ʪʨʴʯʨʭʰʹʻʼʲʬʩʰʹ ʳʨʫʲʹ ʭʬʸ ʬʾʰʸʹʬʩʰʨʴ.
ʨʳʰʹ ʳʰʹʨʾ˄ʬʭʨʫ ʹʨˆʬʲ-ʫʰʫʬʩʰʯ ʪʨʿʵʿʵˁʬʩʻʲʳʨ ʳʬ˂ʴʰʬʸʬʩʳʨ
ʻʼʲʰʹ ʻʳʰʮʬʮʵ ˄ʿʨʲʵʩʨʹ ʻʴʫʨ ʬ˂ʨʫʵʴ. ʨʳʸʰʪʨʫ, ʨʫʨʳʰʨʴʰ
ʸ˄ʳʬʴʰʯ ʫʨ ʬʸʯʪʻʲʬʩʰʯ ʻʴʫʨ ʳʰʬʴʫʵʹ ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ ˂ʴʵʩʰʬʸʬʩʨʹ
ʫʨ ʨʳʰʯ ʹʸʻʲʽʳʴʨ ʳʵʰʶʵʭʵʹ.
ʲʬʽʹʰ 10

1654

Tavi meoTxe – transcendenturi codna

ʳʰˇʨ˅ʭʻʲʵʩʰʹ, ˀʰˀʰʹʨ ʫʨ ʳʸʰʹˆʨʴʬʩʰʹʨʪʨʴ
ʪʨʴʯʨʭʰʹʻʼʲʬʩʻʲʰ, ʳʯʲʰʨʴʨʫ ˁʬʳʰʯ ʪʻʲʹʨʭʹʬ, ˁʬʳʹ ʱʨʲʯʨʹ
ˀʬʼʨʸʬʩʻʲʰ ʳʸʨʭʨʲʰ ʫʨ ʳʸʨʭʨʲʰ ʪʨʴʰ˄ʳʰʴʫʨ ˁʬʳʰ ˀʬ˂ʴʵʩʰʯ
ʫʨ ˁʬʳʹ ʺʸʨʴʹ˂ʬʴʫʬʴʺʻʸ ʹʰʿʭʨʸʻʲʹ ʬʮʰʨʸʨ.
ˀʰʴʨ-ʨʸʹʰ. ʸʵʪʵʸ˂ ʮʬʳʵʯ ʰʯʽʭʨ, ʳʨʺʬʸʰʰʹ ʳ˃ʰʳʬ ʺʿʭʬʵʩʨˀʰ
ʳʵʽ˂ʬʻʲʹ ʬʸʯʵʩ ʻ˅ʰʸʹ ʻʮʬʴʨʬʹʰʹ ʨʩʹʵʲʻʺʻʸʰ, ʶʰʸʵʭʴʻʲʰ
ʩʻʴʬʩʰʹ ʪʨʪʬʩʨ. ʰʹʰʴʰ, ʭʰʹʨ˂ ʳʬʺʰʹʳʬʺʨʫ ʹˇʬʸʨ, ʸʵʳ ʹʰ˂ʵ˂ˆʲʬ
ʳˆʵʲʵʫ ʹˆʬʻʲʰʹ ʨʸʹʬʩʵʩʨʹ ʻʱʨʭˀʰʸʬʫʨʩ, ʰʳʫʬʴʨʫ ʨʸʰʨʴ
ʳʰ˄ʰʬʸʬʩʰʹ ʳʵʸʬʭˀʰ ˁʨʼʲʻʲʴʰ, ʸʵʳ ʪʵʴʬʩʨʫʨʩʰʴʫʻʲʯ ʨʾʨʸ
ˀʬʻ˃ʲʰʨʯ ˁʨʹ˄ʭʫʴʬʴ ˅ʬˀʳʨʸʰʺʬʩʨʹ - ʸʵʳ ʻʮʬʴʨʬʹʰ ʻʼʨʲʰ
ʶʰʸʵʭʴʬʩʨʨ; ʳʨʯ ʭʬʸ˂ ˄ʨʸʳʵʻʫʪʬʴʰʨʯ, ʸʵʳ ʨʸʹʬʩʵʩʹ
ʹʨʪʴʵʩʸʰʵʩʨʹ ʳʵʱʲʬʩʻʲʰ ʹˆʬʻʲʰ, ʸʵʳʬʲʰ˂ ʻˆʸ˄ʴʨʫʰ,
ʹʰʩʸ˃ʴʰʯ ʨʾʹʨʭʹʬ ʫʨ ʳʨʸʨʫ ʴʬʺʨʸʰʨ. ʳʨʺʬʸʰʨʲʻʸʰ ʹˆʬʻʲʰ
˄ʨʸʳʨʭʨʲʰʨ, ʫʸʵʰʹ ʳʵʸˁʰʲʰ ʫʨ ʺʨʴˇʭʰʹ ʳʵʳʺʨʴʰ. ʻʪʴʻʸʯ
ʹ˄ʵʸʬʫ ʬʹ ʹˆʬʻʲʰʹʬʻʲʰ ʰʫʬʨ ʨʳʵʻʺʰʭʺʰʭʫʬʩʨʯ ˆʵʲʳʬ
ʯʨʭˀʰ, ʸʵʫʬʹʨ˂ ʻʼʲʰʹ ʶʰʸʵʭʴʻʲʰ ʼʵʸʳʰʹ ˀʬʹʨˆʬʩ
ʳʹˇʬʲʵʩʬʴ. ʪʰʪʨʴʺʻʸ ʳʨʺʬʸʰʨʲʻʸ ʪʨʳʵʭʲʰʴʬʩʬʩʮʬ ʳʨʾʨʲʰ
ʭʬʸʨʼʸʰʯ ˄ʨʸʳʵʻʫʪʬʴʰʨʯ. ʨʳʰʺʵʳ ʻʮʬʴʨʬʹʹ ʻʶʰʸʵʭʴʵʫ
ʳʰʰˁʴʬʭʬʴ.
ʭʰʴʨʰʫʨʴ ʯʨʭʨʫ ʿʬʲʨʳʫʬ ʨʸʰʨʴ ʳʰ˄ʰʬʸʬʩʰʹ ˄ʻʳʶʬˀʰ
ˁʨʼʲʻʲʴʰ, ʪʨʸʫʨ˂ʭʨʲʬʩʰʹ ˀʬʳʫʬʪ ʹʨʱʻʯʨʸʰ ʶʰʸʵʭʴʬʩʰʹ
ˀʬʴʨʸˁʻʴʬʩʰʹ ʰʫʬʨ ʨʬ˅ʭʬʩʯ ʫʨ ʨˀʰʴʬʩʯ ʸʵʫʬʹʨ˂ ʬʻʩʴʬʩʰʨʴ,
ʸʵʳ ʹʻʲʰʬʸʰ ˂ˆʵʭʸʬʩʨ˂ ʰʴʫʰʭʰʫʻʨʲʻʸʰ ʫʨ ʶʰʸʵʭʴʻʲʰʨ;
ʰʹʰʴʰ ʱʭʲʨʭ ʶʰʸʵʭʴʬʩʬʩʨʫ ʽ˂ʬʭʰʹ ˀʰˀʰʯ ʻʶʰʸʵʭʴʵ
ʹʰ˂ʵ˂ˆʲʬʹʯʨʴ ˀʬʸ˄ʿʳʨʹ ʨʸˁʬʭʬʴ, ʸʵʪʵʸ˂ ˄ʬʹʰ, ˂ʵ˂ˆʨʲ
ʨʸʹʬʩʬʩʹ ʰʹʰʴʰ ʵʱʬʨʴʬˀʰ ʳʵʺʰʭʺʰʭʬ ʩʻˀʺʻʱʬʩʹ ʨʫʨʸʬʩʬʴ,
ʸʵʳʲʬʩʰ˂ ˁʴʫʬʩʰʨʴ ʯʻ ʨʸʨ, ʳʨˀʰʴʭʬ ʹʱʫʬʩʰʨʴ.
ʻʳʨʾʲʬʹʰ ʹʸʻʲʽʳʴʨ ʳˆʵʲʵʫ ʹʻʲʰʬʸ ˂ˆʵʭʸʬʩʨˀʰ ˀʬʰ˃ʲʬʩʨ
ʰʽʴʬʹ ʳʰʾ˄ʬʻʲʰ. ʹʰ˂ʵ˂ˆʲʰʹ ʨʳʽʭʬʿʴʰʻʸʰ ʹʺʨʫʰʨ ˀʰˀʰʯʨ ʫʨ
ˀʼʵʯʭʰʯ ʨʾʹʨʭʹʬʨ, ʳʵʱʲʬʩʻʲʰʨ ʹʸʻʲʿʵʼʰʲ ˂ʵʫʴʨʹ
ʹʻʲʰʬʸʰ ʿʵʼʰʬʸʬʩʰʹ ˀʬʹʨˆʬʩ. ʻʼʸʵ ʳʬʺʰ˂, ʨʸʹʬʩʵʩʹ ʳʸʨʭʨʲʰ
ʨʫʨʳʰʨʴʰ, ʸʵʳʬʲʹʨ˂ ʹʨʬʸʯʵʫ ʨʸ ʬʹʳʰʹ, ʸʨ ʨʸʰʹ ʹʻʲʰʬʸʰ
ʿʵʼʰʬʸʬʩʨ. ʨʯʨʹʪʭʨʸ ʯʬʵʸʰʬʩʹʨ ʫʨ ʹʨʱʻʯʨʸ ʼʰʲʵʹʵʼʰʻʸ

1754

Tavi meoTxe – transcendenturi codna

ʴʨʨʮʸʬʭˀʰ ʨʸʹʬʩʻʲʰ ˄ʰʴʨʨʾʳʫʬʪʵʩʬʩʰʯ ʹʨʪʵʴʬʩʬʲˀʰ
ˁʨʭʨʸʫʴʰʲʴʰ, ʮʰʮʾʰʯʨ ʫʨ ʪʻʲʰʹ˄ʿʸʵʳʰʯ ʫʨʩʸʳʨʭʬʩʻʲʴʰ,
ʳʰʫʰʨʴ ʹʻʲʬʲʻʸ ʫʨʹʱʭʴʨʳʫʬ, ʸʵʳ ʻʳʨʾʲʬʹʰ ʳʰʮʨʴʰ ʨʸ
ʨʸʹʬʩʵʩʹ ʫʨ ʸʵʳ ʹʨʩʵʲʵʵʫ ʿʵʭʬʲʰʭʬ ʹʰ˂ʨʸʰʬʲʬʨ. ʨʹʬʯʰ
ʭʨʰʳʵʨʮʸʵʭʴʬʴʰ ʪʵʴʬʩʨʹʴʬʻʲʴʰ ʨʸʰʨʴ.
ʮʵʪʴʰ ʳʬʺʰʹʳʬʺʨʫ ʨʸʰʨʴ ʳʰ˄ʰʬʸ ʿʵʼʨʹ ʳʰˇʨ˅ʭʻʲʴʰ, ʨʳʰʺʵʳ
ʹʻʲʰʬʸ ˂ˆʵʭʸʬʩʨʹ ʿʻʸʨʫʾʬʩʨʹ ʨʸ ʨʽ˂ʬʭʬʴ. ʮʵʪʹ ʻʳʨʾʲʬʹ
ʹʻʲʰʬʸ ʳʰʮʬʮʯʨʴ ˀʬʸ˄ʿʳʨ ʹʻʸʹ, ʮʵʪʹ ʹʨʬʸʯʵʫ ʨʸʨʼʸʰʹ
ʹˇʬʸʨ, ʸʨʫʪʨʴ ʳ˄ʿʸʨʲʨʫ ʨʸʰʹ ʴʬʩʰʹʳʰʬʸ ʹʨʱʰʯˆʮʬ
ʳʹˇʬʲʵʩʨʹʯʨʴ. ʨʫʨʳʰʨʴʯʨ ʬʸʯʰ ʴʨ˄ʰʲ˄ʰ ʹʨʹʵ˄ʨʸʱʭʬʯʰʲʰʨ ʫʨ
ʪʨʳʨʩʸʻʬʩʬʲ ʴʰʭʯʰʬʸʬʩʬʩˀʰ ʬ˃ʰʬʩʹ ˀʭʬʩʨʹ, ˀʬʳʫʬʪ ʱʰ
ʨʭʨʫʳʿʵʼʻʸ ˈʨʲʻ˂ʰʴʨ˂ʰʬʩʹ ʮʵʪˇʬʸ ʹʻʲʰʬʸ ˆʬʫʭʨʫ
ʳʰʰˁʴʬʭʹ.
ʨʫʨʳʰʨʴʳʨ ʯʨʭʰ ʻʴʫʨ ʫʨʨʾ˄ʰʵʹ ʳʨʺʬʸʰʨʲʻʸ ʹʨʳʿʨʸʵʮʬ
ʳʰˇʨ˅ʭʻʲʵʩʰʹ ʹʨʳʰʭʬ ʹʺʨʫʰʨʹ: ʹʻʲʰʬʸʰ ˂ˆʵʭʸʬʩʰʹ
ʻʪʻʲʭʬʩʬʲʿʵʼʨʹ, ʹʻʲʰʬʸʰ ʶʰʸʵʭʴʻʲʰ ʳʬʵʩʰʹ ˀʰˀʹʨ ʫʨ
ʹʰ˂ʨʸʰʬʲʰʹ ʱʵʴ˂ʬʼ˂ʰʨʹ, ʸʵʳʬʲʰ˂ ˂ˆʵʭʸʬʩʨʮʬ ʪʻʲʰʹ
ʨ˂ʸʻʬʩʰʹ ʪʨʳʵ ʨʾʳʵ˂ʬʴʫʬʩʨ ˆʵʲʳʬ. ʹʰ˂ʵ˂ˆʲʬʮʬ
ʳʨʺʬʸʰʨʲʰʹʺʻʸʰ ˄ʨʸʳʵʫʪʬʴʰʹ ʹʨʳʰʭʬ ˀʬʳʯˆʭʬʭʰʫʨʴ
ʯʨʭʫʨˆʹʴʰʹʨʯʭʰʹ ʹʨ˅ʰʸʵʨ ˅ʬˀʳʨʸʰʺʰ ʹʻʲʰʬʸʰ ʳʵ˃ʾʭʸʰʹ
ʫʨˆʳʨʸʬʩʰʯ ʻʼʲʰʹ ʹʸʻʲʰ ʯʨʭˀʬʹʨʼʸʰʹ ˃ʰʬʩʨ ʫʨ ʾʭʯʰʹ
ʬʸʯʪʻʲʬʩʰʹ ʳʵʳ˄ʬʹʸʰʪʬʩʬʲʰ ˄ʬʹʬʩʰʹ ʫʨ˂ʭʨ. ʾʭʯʰʹʨʫʳʰ
ʬʸʯʪʻʲʬʩʰʹ ʩʵʲʵ ʹʺʨʫʰʨʹ ʬ˄ʵʫʬʩʨ ʩˈʨʭʨ, ʨʴʻ ʾʳʸʯʨʬʩʰʹ
ʺʸʨʴʹ˂ʬʴʫʬʴʺʻʸʰ ʹʰʿʭʨʸʻʲʰ.
“ʩˈʨʱʺʰ-ʸʨʹʨʳʸʰʺʨ-ʹʰʴʫˈʻˀʰ” (1.4.15-16) - ʬʸʯʪʻʲʰ
ʹʨʳʹʨˆʻʸʰʹ ʹʰʩʸ˃ʴʬˀʰ - ʴʨʯʽʭʨʳʰʨ:
“ʯʨʭʰʫʨʴ ʨˆʨʲʩʬʫʨʹ ʹʨʱʻʯʨʸʰ ʯʨʭʰʹ ˀʬ˂ʴʵʩʰʹ ʹʻʸʭʰʲʰ
ʻʴʫʨ ʨʾʬ˃ʸʨʹ, ʸʨ˂ ʳʨʹ ʰʽʨʳʫʬ ʳʰʰʿʭʨʴʹ, ʸʵʳ ʹʻʲʰʬʸʨʫ
ʨʳʨʾʲʬʩʻʲ ˆʨʲˆʯʨʴ ʻʸʯʰʬʸʯʵʩʨʹ ˀʬʬ˂ʫʬʩʨ; ʳʵʳʫʬʭʴʵ
ʹʨʼʬˆʻʸʮʬ ʨʳʨʾʲʫʬʩʨ, ʹʻʲʰʬʸʰ ʳʵ˃ʾʭʸʰʹ ʰʴʰ˂ʰʸʬʩʻʲʰ
ʳʵ˄ʨʼʬ ˆʫʬʩʨ ʫʨ ʳʰʹʰ ʳʰʯʰʯʬʩʬʩʰʹ ʯʨʴʨˆʳʨʫ ʬʸʯʪʻʲ
ʹʨʳʹʨˆʻʸʹ ʰ˄ʿʬʩʹ. ʹʻʲʰʬʸʰ ʳʵ˃ʾʭʸʰʹ ˄ʰʴʨʳ˃ʾʵʲʵʩʰʯ
ˀʬʹʸʻʲʬʩʻʲʰ ʬʸʯʪʻʲʰ ʹʨʳʹʨˆʻʸʰʹʱ ˀʬʫʬʪʨʫ ʰʪʰ
ʿʵʭʬʲʪʭʨʸʰ ʳʨʺʬʸʰʨʲʻʸʰ ʳʰˇʨ˅ʭʻʲʵʩʰʹʨʪʨʴ

1854

Tavi meoTxe – transcendenturi codna

ʯʨʭʰʹʻʼʲʫʬʩʨ, ʳʺʱʰ˂ʬʫ ʫʪʬʩʨ ʯʭʰʯˀʬ˂ʴʵʩʰʹ ʪʮʨʮʬ ʫʨ
ʨʩʹʵʲʻʺʻʸʰ ʶʰʸʵʭʴʬʩʰʹ, ˀʸʰ ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ, ˀʬʹʨˆʬʩ ʳʵʹʳʬʴʰʹ
ʴʬʽʺʨʸʹ ʪʨʻʪʬʩʹ ʪʬʳʵʹ. ʨʳʰʹ ˀʬʳʫʬʪ ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ ˂ʴʵʩʰʬʸʬʩʨʹ
ʹʨʳʨʸʨʫʷʨʳʵʫ ʳʰʬˇʨ˅ʭʬʩʨ. ʬʹ ʫʨʳʵʱʰʫʬʩʻʲʬʩʨ ʩˈʨʭʨˀʰ, ʨʴʻ
ʾʳʬʸʯʰʹ ʺʸʨʴʹ˂ʬʴʫʬʴʺʻʸʰ ʹʰʿʭʨʸʻʲʰʹ ˀʰʴʨ ʹʺʨʫʰʨˀʰ
ʳ˄ʰʼʫʬʩʨ. ʾʳʬʸʯʰʹ ˄ʳʰʴʫʨ ʹʰʿʭʨʸʻʲʰʹ ʬ˄ʵʫʬʩʨ ʶʸʬʳʨ,
ʹʰ˂ʵ˂ˆʲʰʹ ʹʸʻʲʿʵʼʰʹ ʻʳʨʾʲʬʹʰ ʹʺʨʫʰʨ. ʶʸʬʳʨʹ ʹʨʼʬˆʻʸʮʬ
˂ʵ˂ˆʨʲʰ ʨʸʹʬʩʨ ʪʨʴʻ˄ʿʭʬʺʲʰʭ ʫʨʱʨʭʬʩʻʲʰʨ ʻʼʲʰʹ
ʺʸʨʴʹ˂ʬʴʫʬʴʺʻʸʰ ʹʨʹʰʿʭʨʸʻʲʵ ʹʨʳʹʨˆʻʸʰʯ. ʨʳʸʰʪʨʫ,
˅ʬˀʳʨʸʰʺʰ ʹʻʲʰʬʸʰ ʳʵ˃ʾʭʸʰʹ ˄ʰʴʨʳ˃ʾʵʲʵʩʰʯ
ˀʬʹʸʻʲʬʩʻʲʰ ʬʸʯʪʻʲʰ ʹʨʳʹʨˆʻʸʰʯ ʨʫʨʳʰʨʴʰ
ʯʨʴʫʨʯʨʴʵʩʰʯ ʻʳʨʾʲʬʹ ʹʺʨʫʰʨʹ ʨʾ˄ʬʭʹ, ʨʳʹˆʭʸʬʭʹ ʸʨ ʳʰ˄ʰʬʸʰ
ʿʵʼʰʹ ˆʻʴʫʬʩʹ, ʪʨʫʨʲʨˆʨʭʹ ʰʴʫʰʭʰʫʻʨʲʻʸʰ ʹʻʲʰʬʸʰ
ʳʬʵʩʰʹ ˀʰˀʹʨ ʫʨ ʪʻʲʪʨʺʬˆʰʲʵʩʨʹ, ʸʵʳʬʲʰ˂ ʹʰ˂ʨʸʬʲʰʹ
ʼʰʲʵʹʵʼʰʨˀʰ ʪʨʫʨʫʰʹ. ʨʹʬ ʳʰʨʾ˄ʬʭʹ ʰʪʰ ʻʮʬʴʨʬʹʰ ʻʼʲʰʹ
ʹʨʭʨʴʬʹ!”
ʲʬʽʹʰ 11
ʵ, ʶʸʰʯˈʨʹ ˃ʬʭ, ʭʰʴʫ ʳʬ ʳʵʳʬʴʫʵʩʨ, ʴʰʨʫʨʪ ʳʰʹʰ ʳ˄ʿʨʲʵʩʬʲʰ
ʭʨʸ. ʭʰʴ˂ ˁʬʳʹ ʪʮʨʹ ʳʰˈʿʭʬʩʨ, ʻʮʬʴʨʬʹ ʹʨʳʿʵʼʬʲˀʰ ʫʨʰʫʬʩʹ
ʩʰʴʨʹ.
ˀʰʴʨ-ʨʸʹʰ. ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ ʹˆʭʨʫʨʹˆʭʨ ʨʹʶʬʽʺˀʰ ʪʨʳʵʭʲʰʴʬʩʰʹʱʬʴ
ʰʲʺʭʰʹ ʿʭʬʲʨ ʫʨ ʳˆʵʲʵʫ ʮʵʪʰ ʨˆʬʸˆʬʩʹ ʴʨ˄ʰʲʵʩʸʭʰ
ˀʬʰ˂ʴʵʹ ʰʪʰ, ʸʵʪʵʸ˂ ʩʸʨˈʳʨˇʰʵʺʰʹ ʹˆʰʭʵʹʴʬʩʨ ʫʨ
ʿʵʭʲʰʹʪʨʳ˅ʵʲʰ ʮʬʹʻʲʰ - ʳʿʵʼʰ ʿʭʬʲʪʨʴ ʫʨ ʿʵʭʬʲˀʰ, ʯʭʰʯ
ʨʺʵʳˀʰ˂ ʱʰ. ʳʨʪʸʨʳ ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ ʩʵʲʵʳʫʬ ˀʬ˂ʴʵʩʨ ʳˆʵʲʵʫ ʳʰʹ
˄ʳʰʴʫʨ ʬʸʯʪʻʲʬʩʹ ˀʬʻ˃ʲʰʨʯ. ʨʽʬʫʨʴ ʪʨʳʵʳʫʰʴʨʸʬ, ʿʭʬʲʨʹ
ˀʬʳʬ˂ʴʬʩʨ ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹʱʬʴʨʨ ʳʰʳʨʸʯʻʲʰ ʫʨ ʬʹ ʹ˄ʸʨʼʭʨ ʻʳʨʾʲʬʹʰ
ʱʳʨʿʵʼʰʲʬʩʰʹ ʹʨʯʨʭʬʨ.
ʺʸʨʴʹ˂ʬʴʫʬʴʺʻʸ ʹʨʳʿʨʸʵˀʰ ʱʸʰˀʴʨ ʹ˄ʵʸʬʫ ʨʳ ʾʭʯʰʻʸʰ
ʻʸʯʰʬʸʯʵʩʬʩʰʯ ʶʨʹʻˆʵʩʹ ʯʨʭʰʹ ˄ʳʰʴʫʨ ʬʸʯʪʻʲʬʩʹ,
ʸʵʳʬʲʯʨ˂ ʳʰʹʰ ˆʰʲʭʨ ʵ˂ʴʬʩʨʫ ʽ˂ʬʭʰʨʯ. ʮʵʪʹ ʻʴʫʨ ʱʸʰˀʴʨ
ʳʰʹʰ ʻʳʨʾʲʬʹʰ ʳʩʸ˃ʨʴʬʩʬʲʰ ʰʿʵʹ, ʮʵʪʹ - ʳʬʪʵʩʨʸʰ, ˀʭʰʲʰ,

1954

Tavi meoTxe – transcendenturi codna

ˀʬʿʭʨʸʬʩʻʲʰ... ʻʼʨʲʰ˂ ʹ˄ʿʨʲʵʩʹ ʳʨʯ ʰʳʰʹ ʳʰˆʬʫʭʰʯ, ʸʨ
˃ʨʲʰʯʨ˂ ʻʿʭʨʸʯ ʰʪʰ. ʳʨʺʬʸʰʨʲʻʸ ʹʨʳʿʨʸʵˀʰ ʪʸ˃ʴʵʩʨʯʨ
ʨʳʪʭʨʸ ʵʸʳˆʸʰʵʩʨʹ ʪʨʴʨʪʸ˃ʵʩʹ ʻʼʨʲʰ ʫʨ ʯʨʴʨʩʸʨʫ
ʻʴʨ˄ʰʲʬʩʹ ʯʨʿʭʨʴʰʹʳ˂ʬʳʲʬʩʹ ʯʨʭʰʹ ʹʰʿʭʨʸʻʲʹ. ʨʽʨ˂ ʫʨ
ʺʸʨʴʹ˂ʬʴʫʬʴʺʻʸ ʹʨʳʿʨʸʵˀʰ˂ ˄ʳʰʴʫʨ ʬʸʯʪʻʲʬʩʹ ʳʨʹʯʨʴ
ʻˀʻʨʲʵ ʻʸʯʰʬʸʯʵʩʨ ʨʽʭʯ, ʶʰʸʨʫʨʫ ʳʹʨˆʻʸʬʩʬʴ ʻʼʨʲʹ ʫʨ ʨʳ
ʹʨʹʰʿʭʨʸʻʲʵ ʹʨʳʹʨˆʻʸʰʯ ʺʸʨʴʹ˂ʬʴʫʬʴʺʻʸ ʴʬʺʨʸʬʩʨʹ
ʪʨʴʰ˂ʫʰʨʴ.
ʸʨ˂ ˀʬʬˆʬʩʨ ʰʳʶʬʸʹʵʴʨʲʰʹʺʬʩʹ, ʸʵʳʬʲʯʨ˂
ʯʭʰʯʳʱʭʲʬʲʵʩʰʯ ʹʻʸʯ ʯʨʭʰʨʴʯʰ ʰʴʫʰʭʰʫʻʨʲʻʸʰ
ʿʵʼʰʬʸʬʩʰʹ ʳʵʹʶʵʩʨ, ʱʸʰˀʴʨ ʬˆʳʨʸʬʩʨ, ʨˆʭʬʭʹ ʸʨ ʹʨʱʻʯʨʸ
ʹˆʰʭʬʩˀʰ ʫʨ ʪʨʴʨʸʰʫʬʩʹ ʺʨʴˇʻʲ ˄ʻʯʰʹʵʼʬʲʹ.
ʰʳʶʬʸʹʵʴʨʲʰʹʺʬʩʰ ʨʸ ʨʾʰʨʸʬʩʬʴ ʾʳʸʯʨʬʩʰʹ ʳʨʸʨʫʰʻʲ ʴʬʺʨʸ
ʶʰʸʵʭʴʬʩʨʹ, ʨʳʰʺʵʳ ʳʨʯʯʭʰʹ, ʹʨʱʻʯʨʸʰ ʰʴʫʰʭʰʫʻʨʲʵʩʰʹ
ˆʬʲʳʿʵʼʯʨʯʭʰʹ, ʳʰʻ˄ʭʫʵʳʬʲʰʨ ʻʼʲʰʹʨʫʳʰ ʹʻʲʰʬʸʬʩʰʯ
ʨʾʩʬ˅ʫʰʲʰ, ʶʰʸʵʭʴʻʲʰ ʹʨʳʹʨˆʻʸʰʯ ʪʨʴ˂ʫʰʲʰ ʩʬʫʴʰʬʸʬʩʨ.
ʮʵʪʰʬʸʯʰ ʳʨʯʪʨʴʰ ʽʳʴʨʫʵʩʰʹ ʳʯʭʲʬʳʨʸʬ ʹʻʸʭʰʲʬʩʰʹ
ʫʨʹʨʱʳʨʿʵʼʰʲʬʩʲʨʫ ʳʰ˄ʰʬʸʬʩʰʹ ʹʼʬʸʵˀʰ ʫʨʩʸʻʴʬʩʨʹ
˂ʫʰʲʵʩʹ. ʳʨʯʰ ʨʫʪʰʲʰ ʹʻʲʰʬʸ ʶʲʨʴʬʺʬʩʮʬ ʨʸ ʨʸʰʹ, ʳʨʪʸʨʳ
ʳʨʺʬʸʰʨʲʻʸ ʶʲʨʴʬʺʬʩʮʬ ʿʵʼʴʰʹʨ ʫʨ ʱʨʸʳʰʻʲʰ ʳʵʾʭʨ˄ʬʵʩʰʹ
ʹʨˀʻʨʲʬʩʨ ʳʨʰʴ˂ ʬ˃ʲʬʭʨʯ. ʻʼʨʲʰ, ʸʵʪʵʸ˂ ʰʨˇʴʬˀʭʨʸʨ, ʳʨʯʮʬ
ʫʨ˄ʬʹʬʩʻʲʰ ʳʵʭʨʲʬʵʩʬʩʰʹ ʨʾʹʸʻʲʬʩʰʹ ʱʭʨʲʵʩʨʮʬ ʳʰʻ˄ʿʨʭʹ
ʳʰʹʨ˄ʿʭʬʲʹ. ʳʰʹʺʰʻʸʰ ˃ʨʲʬʩʰʹ ʳʨ˃ʰʬʩʬʲ ʰʵʪʬʩʹʨ˂ ʻʼʨʲʰ
ʬˆʳʨʸʬʩʨ.
ʨʳʸʰʪʨʫ, ʿʵʭʬʲʰ ʨʸʹʬʩʰʹ ˄ʨʸʳʨʺʬʩʨ ʳˆʵʲʵʫ ʻʼʲʰʹ
˄ʿʨʲʵʩʨʮʬʨ ʫʨʳʵʱʰʫʬʩʻʲʰ. ʹʻʲʰʬʸʰ ʹʸʻʲʽʳʴʰʹ
ʬʸʯʨʫʬʸʯʰ ʪʮʨ ʨʸʹʬʩʵʩʹ, ʵʾʵʴʫ ʨʳ ʪʮʰʯ ˄ʨʸʳʨʺʬʩʨ
ʹˆʭʨʫʨʹˆʭʨ ˆʨʸʰʹˆʰʹ ʳ˂ʫʬʲʵʩʬʩʰʯ ˆʫʬʩʨ. ʯʻʱʰ ˂ʵ˂ˆʨʲʰ
ʨʸʹʬʩʨ ʨʳ ʪʮʨʮʬ ʬʸʯʪʻʲʬʩʰʯ ʭʬʸ ʰʾʭʨ˄ʬʩʹ, ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ
˂ʴʵʩʰʬʸʬʩʰʹ ʻʳʨʾʲʬʹ ʹʸʻʲʽʳʴʨʹ ʭʬʸ ʳʰʨʾ˄ʬʭʹ. ʿʵʭʬʲʰ ʳʰʹʰ
˂ʫʨ ʨʸʨʹʸʻʲʿʵʼʰʲʰ ʫʨ ʻˀʬʫʬʪʵ ʰʽʴʬʩʨ. ʬʹ “ˀʸʰʳʨʫʩˈʨʪʨʭʨʺʨʳˀʰʨ” ʫʨʫʨʹʺʻʸʬʩʻʲʰ (2.3.10):

2054

Tavi meoTxe – transcendenturi codna

“ʳʰ˄ʰʬʸʰ ʹʻʸʭʰʲʬʩʰʹ ʻʨʸʳʿʵʼʬʲʰ ʨʸʹʬʩʨ˂ (ʬʸʯʪʻʲʰʹ
ʳʫʪʵʳʨʸʬʵʩʨ), ʱʨʸʳʰʻʲʰ ˀʬʫʬʪʬʩʰʹ ʳʵʹʻʸʴʬ˂ ʫʨ
ʪʨʴʯʨʭʰʹʻʼʲʬʩʰʹ ʳ˄ʿʻʸʭʨʲʰ˂ ʳʯʬʲʰ ʨʸʹʬʩʰʯ ʻʴʫʨ ʬ˂ʨʫʵʹ
ʻʮʬʴʨʬʹʰ ʾʳʸʯʨʬʩʸʰʭʰ ʶʰʸʵʭʴʬʩʰʹ ʯʨʿʭʨʴʰʹ˂ʬʳʨʹ, ʸʨʯʨ
ʳʰʨʾ˄ʰʵʹ ʹʨʩʵʲʵʵ ʹʸʻʲʿʵʼʨʹ, ʸʵʳʲʰʹ ʻʳʨʾʲʬʹ ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ
˂ʴʵʩʰʬʸʬʩʨʨ.”
ʲʬʽʹʰ 12
ʨʫʨʳʰʨʴʬʩʹ ʨʳʽʭʬʿʴʨʫ ʱʨʸʳʰʻʲ ʹʨʽʳʰʨʴʵʩʬʩˀʰ ˄ʨʸʳʨʺʬʩʰʹ
ʳʰʾ˄ʬʭʨ ʹʻʸʯ, ʨʳʰʺʵʳ ʴʨˆʬʭʨʸʾʳʬʸʯʬʩʹ ʹ˂ʬʳʬʴ ʯʨʿʭʨʴʹ ʫʨ
ʳʨʲʬʭʬ ʰˆʭʬ˅ʬʴ ʨʹʬʯʰ ˀʸʵʳʰʹ ˀʬʫʬʪʬʩʹ.
ˀʰʴʨ-ʨʸʹʰ. ʳʨʺʬʸʰʨʲʻʸʰ ʹʨʳʿʨʸʵʹ ʾʳʬʸʯʬʩʮʬ, ʨʴʻ
ʴʨˆʬʭʨʸʾʳʬʸʯʬʩʮʬ ʳʬʺʨʫ ʳ˂ʫʨʸʰ ˀʬˆʬʫʻʲʬʩʨ ʨʸʹʬʩʵʩʹ.
ʪʵʴʬʩʨʫʨʩʰʴʫʻʲ ʹ˄ʨʭʲʻʲʬʩʹ ʯʻʳ˂ʨ ʯʨʭʰ ʫʰʫ ʳʬ˂ʴʰʬʸʬʩʨʫ
ʳʵʨʽʭʯ, ʴʨˆʬʭʨʸʾʳʬʸʯʬʩʰ ʻʮʬʴʨʬʹʰ ʻʼʲʰʹ ʹˆʭʨʫʨʹˆʭʨ
ʼʵʸʳʬʩʨʫ ʳʰʨˁʴʰʨʯ. ʹʰʴʨʳʫʭʰʲʬˀʰ, ʰʹʰʴʰ ʾʳʬʸʯʰʹ
ʪʨʴʻʿʵʼʬʲʰ ʴʨ˄ʰʲʨʱʬʩʰ ʨʸʰʨʴ. ʾʳʬʸʯʰ ʬʸʯʰʨ, ʴʨ˄ʰʲʨʱʬʩʰ
ʳʸʨʭʨʲʯʨ ʻʳʸʨʭʲʬʹʰ.
ʭʬʫʬʩʰ ʪʭʨʹ˄ʨʭʲʰʹ - ʴʰʺʰʵ ʴʰʺʰʨʴʨʳ: ʾʳʬʸʯʰ ʬʸʯʰʨ. ʰˀʭʨʸʨˈ
ʶʨʸʨʳʨˈ ʱʸʰˀʴʨˈ - ʬʸʯʰʨ ʻʮʬʴʨʬʹʰ ʾʳʬʸʯʰ - ʱʸʰˀʴʨ,
ʸʵʳʲʰʹʪʨʴʨ˂ ʴʨˆʬʭʨʸʾʳʬʸʯʬʩʹ ʳʨʺʬʸʰʨʲʻʸʰ ʹʨʳʿʨʸʵʹ
ʳʨʸʯʭʰʹ ˃ʨʲʬʩʰ ʨʽʭʯ ʳʰʴʰ˅ʬʩʻʲʰ. ʿʵʭʬʲʰ ʴʨˆʬʭʨʸʾʳʬʸʯʰ
˂ʵ˂ˆʨʲʰ ʨʸʹʬʩʨʨ (ʴʰʺʰʨʴʨʳ), ʸʵʳʬʲʰ˂ ʳʸʨʭʨʲʳˆʸʰʭ
ʳʨʺʬʸʰʨʲʻʸ ˃ʨʲʨʹ ʼʲʵʩʹ. ʰʹʰʴʰ ʭʬʸ ʪʨʻʺʵʲʫʬʩʰʨʴ ʻʮʬʴʨʬʹ
ʾʳʬʸʯʹ - ʴʨʸʨʰʨʴʨʹ, ʭʰˀʴʻʹ ʨʴʻ ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ. ʭʰʴ˂ ʯʭʲʰʹ, ʸʵʳ
ʾʳʬʸʯʰ ʫʨ ʴʨˆʬʭʨʸʾʳʬʸʯʬʩʰ ʬʸʯ ʫʵʴʬʮʬ ʫʪʨʴʨʴ,
ʾʭʯʰʹʳʪʳʵʩʬʲʰ, ʨʴʻ ʶʨˀʨʴʫʰ ʬ˄ʵʫʬʩʨ. ʰʹʬʯʰ ʫʰʨʫʰ
ʴʨˆʬʭʨʸʾʳʬʸʯʬʩʰ˂ ʱʰ, ʸʵʪʵʸʬʩʰ˂ ʨʸʰʨʴ ʩʸʨˈʳʨ ʫʨ ˀʰʭʨ, ʭʬʸ
ˀʬʬʫʸʬʩʰʨʴ ʻʮʬʴʨʬʹ ʻʼʨʲʹ ʫʨ ʳʨʹ ʯʨʭʨʫʭʬ ʹ˂ʬʳʬʴ ʯʨʿʭʨʴʹ
(ˀʰʭʨ-ʭʰʸʰʴˁʰ-ʴʻʺʨʳ).
ʹʨʵ˂ʨʸʰʨ, ʸʵʳ ʳʸʨʭʨʲ ʲʰʫʬʸʹ ʨʴʯʸʵʶʵʳʵʸʼʰʮʳʰʹ ʨʴ
ʮʵʵʳʵʸʼʰʮʳʰʹ ʳ˂ʫʨʸʰ ˀʬˆʬʫʻʲʬʩʬʩʰʹ ʪʨʳʵ ʻʳʬ˂ʨʸʰ ˆʨʲˆʰ
ʬʯʨʿʭʨʴʬʩʨ.

2154

Tavi meoTxe – transcendenturi codna

ʰˈʨ ʫʬʭʨʺʨˈ ʴʰˀʴʨʭʹ ʨʳ ʳʨʺʬʸʰʨʲʻʸʰ ʹʨʳʿʨʸʵʹ ˃ʲʬʭʨʳʵʹʰʲ
ʨʫʨʳʰʨʴʹ ʨʴ ʴʨˆʬʭʨʸʾʳʬʸʯʹ. ʳʨʪʸʨʳ ʴʨʸʨʰʨʴʨ, ʻʮʬʴʨʬʹʰ
ʾʳʸʯʨʬʩʸʰʭʰ ʶʰʸʵʭʴʬʩʨ, ʭʰˀʴʻ ʨʴʻ ʱʸʰˀʴʨ, ʨʳ ʹʨʳʿʨʸʵʹ ʨʸ
ʳʰʬʱʻʯʭʴʬʩʨ, ʰʪʰ ʨʳ ʹʨʳʿʨʸʵʮʬ ʳʨʾʲʨ ʫʪʨʹ, ʨʴʻ
ʺʸʨʴʹ˂ʬʴʫʬʴʺʻʸʰʨ ʳʰʹ ʳʰʳʨʸʯ. ʰʳʶʬʸʹʵʴʨʲʰʹʺʬʩʰʹ
˄ʰʴʨʳ˃ʾʭʨʸʰ ˀʸʰʶʨʫʨ ˀʨʴʱʨʸʨˁʨʸʰʨ˂ ʨʫʨʹʺʻʸʬʩʹ, ʸʵʳ ʴʨʸʨʰʨʴʨ
ʨʴʻ ʱʸʰˀʴʨ ʳʨʺʬʸʰʨʲʻʸʰ ʹʨʳʿʨʸʵʹ ʳʰʾʳʨʨ. ˀʬʻʪʴʬʩʬʲʰ
ʨʫʨʳʰʨʴʬʩʰ ʯʨʿʭʨʴʹ ʹ˂ʬʳʬʴ ʴʨˆʬʭʨʸʾʳʬʸʯʬʩʹ, ʭʰʴʨʰʫʨʴ ʨˆʲʨʭʬ
ʻˀʻʨʲʵ ˀʬʫʬʪʬʩʰʹ ʳʰʾʬʩʨ ʹʻʸʯ ʯʨʭʰʨʴʯʰ ʪʨ˄ʬʻʲʰ
ˀʸʵʳʰʫʨʴ. ʰʾʬʩʬʴ ʱʰʫʬ˂, ʳʨʪʸʨʳ ʨʸ ʰ˂ʰʨʴ, ʸʵʳ ʬʹ ˀʬʫʬʪʬʩʰ
˄ʨʸʳʨʭʨʲʰʨ ʫʨ ʻʳʬ˂ʨʸʯʨ ʪʻʲʹ ʯʻ ʨˆʨʸʬʩʹ. ʪʵʴʰʬʸʰ ʨʫʨʳʰʨʴʰ
ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ ˂ʴʵʩʰʬʸʬʩʨʹ ʨʼʨʸʬʩʹ ʯʨʭʹ ʫʨ ʪʨʴʽʨʸʬʩʨʫʰ
ˀʬʫʬʪʬʩʰʹʨʯʭʰʹ ʴʨˆʬʭʨʸʾʳʬʸʯʬʩʰʹ ʯʨʿʭʨʴʰʹ˂ʬʳʨ ʨʸ ʹ˅ʰʸʫʬʩʨ.
ʴʨˆʬʭʨʸʾʳʬʸʯʬʩʰ˂ ʫʨ ʳʨʯʰ ʯʨʿʭʨʴʰʹʳ˂ʬʳʲʬʩʰ˂
ʳʨʺʬʸʰʨʲʻʸʰ ʹʨʳʿʨʸʵʹ ʳʵʹʶʵʩʨʹʯʨʴ ʬʸʯʨʫ ʽʸʬʩʰʨʴ.
ʴʨˆʬʭʨʸʾʳʬʸʯʬʩʰʹʨʪʨʴ ʳʰʾʬʩʻʲʰ ʱʻʸʯˆʬʭʨ ʳʰ˄ʰʬʸʰ,
ʫʸʵʬʩʰʯʰ ʫʨ ʳʨʫʲʫʨˀʸʬʺʰʲʰʨ. ʯʨʭʨʫ ʳʨʺʬʸʰʨʲʻʸʵʩʨ˂ ʫʨ
ʨʳ ʽʭʬʿʴʰʹ ʳʱʭʰʫʸʴʰ˂, ʴʨˆʬʭʨʸʾʳʬʸʯʬʩʰʹʨ ʫʨ ʳʨʯʰ
ʯʨʿʭʨʴʰʹʳ˂ʬʳʲʬʩʰʹ ˁʨʯʭʲʰʯ, ʩʻˀʺʻʱʬʩʹ ˄ʨʸʳʵʨʫʪʬʴʬʴ
ʱʵʹʳʰʻʸ ʵʱʬʨʴʬˀʰ. ʨʫʨʳʰʨʴʬʩʰ ˅ʱʻʰʫʨʴ ʨʸʰʨʴ ʪʨʫʨʹʻʲʰ
ʰʹʬʯʰ ʼʻ˅ʰ ʹʨʸʪʬʩʲʰʹ ʪʨʳʵ, ʸʵʪʵʸʰ˂ʨʨ ʳʨʺʬʸʰʨʲʻʸʰ
ʹʰʳʫʰʫʸʬ: ʳʰ˄ʰʹ ʳʼʲʵʩʬʲʵʩʨ, ʵˇʨˆʰʹʨ ʫʨ ʶʰʸʨʫʨʫ ʳʰʹʰ
ʪʨʴ˂ˆʸʵʳʰʹ ʳʰʳʴʰ˅ʬʩʬʲʰ ʹʨˀʻʨʲʬʩʨʴʰ. ʨʹʬʯʰ ʨʳʨʵʬʩʰʹ ʪʨʳʵ
ʴʨˆʬʭʨʸʾʳʬʸʯʬʩʹ ʨʴ ʹʨʮʵʪʨʫʵʬʩʰʹ ˃ʨʲʳʵʹʰʲ ʶʰʸʵʭʴʬʩʬʩʹ
ʳʰ˄ʨʳʫʬ ʻˆʸʰʨʴ ʯʨʭʹ. ʯʻʱʰ ʱʨ˂ʹ ʶʵʲʰʺʰʱʻʸʰ ʲʰʫʬʸʰʹ
ʯʨʿʭʨʴʰʹ˂ʬʳʨ ʫʨʻʼʨʹʫʬʩʨ ʫʨ ʳʯʨʭʸʵʩʨˀʰ ʳʰʴʰʹʺʸʰʹ
ʯʨʴʨʳʫʬʩʵʩʨʹ ʰʱʨʭʬʩʹ, ʨʳʨʹ ʻʫʰʫʬʹ ˄ʿʨʲʵʩʨʫ ʳʰʰˁʴʬʭʹ.
ʽʵʴʬʩʰʹʨ ʫʨ ʶʨʺʰʭʰʹ ʳʵʹʨˆʭʬ˅ʨʫ ʼʬˆʽʭʬˀ ʬʪʬʩʰʨʴ
ʬʪʸʬʯ˄ʵʫʬʩʻʲ ˄ʰʴʨʳ˃ʾʵʲʵʬʩʹ, “ʩʵʩʵʲʬʩʹ”, ʨʾ˄ʬʭʬʴ ʱʰʫʬ˂
˄ʨʫʰʲʹ ʫʨ ʨʾʹʸʻʲʬʩʻʲʨʫ ʯʭʲʰʨʴ ʯʨʭʰʨʴ ʵ˂ʴʬʩʬʩʹ. ʨʹʬʯʬʩʹ
ʨʸ ʨʰʴʺʬʸʬʹʬʩʯ ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ ˂ʴʵʩʰʬʸʬʩʨ, ʸʵʳʬʲʰ˂ ʳʨʺʬʸʰʨʲʻʸʰ
ʿʵʼʰʬʸʬʩʰʹ ʯʨʴʳˆʲʬʩ ʪʨ˅ʰʸʭʬʩʨ-ʺʨʴˇʭʰʹ ʹʨʩʵʲʵʵʫ
ʪʨʫʨʹʨ˅ʸʬʲʨʫʨʨ ʪʨʴʱʻʯʭʴʰʲʰ.

2254

Tavi meoTxe – transcendenturi codna

ʨʳʸʰʪʨʫ ʨʫʨʳʰʨʴʯʨ ʫʰʫʰ ʴʨ˄ʰʲʰ ʪʸ˃ʴʵʩʨʯʨ
ʫʨʱʳʨʿʵʼʰʲʬʩʨʹ ʬʲʺʭʰʹ ʫʨ ʵʫʴʨʭʰ ʹʰʨʳʵʭʴʬʩʰʹ ʳʰʹʨʾʬʩʨʫʨ˂
ʱʰ ʼʬˆʬʩʹ ʻʲʵʱʨʭʹ ˃ʲʬʭʨʳʵʹʰʲ ʨʸʹʬʩʬʩʹ, ʸʵʳʲʬʩʰ˂
ʴʨˆʬʭʨʸʾʳʬʸʯʬʩʨʫ ʨʸʰʨʴ ˂ʴʵʩʰʲʴʰ. ʬʹ ʲʬʽʹʰ ʳʰʪʭʨʴʰˀʴʬʩʹ
ʰʳʨʮʬ, ʸʵʳ ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ ˂ʴʵʩʰʬʸʬʩʰʹʨʫʳʰ ʰˀʭʰʨʯʨʫ ʻˁʴʫʬʩʨ
ʰʴʺʬʸʬʹʰ ˆʨʲˆʹ, ʸʵʳʬʲʰ˂ ʳʬʺ˄ʰʲ ʳʨʺʬʸʰʨʲʻʸʰ
ʱʬʯʰʲʫʾʬʵʩʰʹ ʳʵˆʭʬ˅ʨʮʬʨ ʪʨʫʨʪʬʩʻʲʰ ʫʨ ˃ʨʲʨʻʼʲʬʩʰʹ
ʳʽʵʴʬʯ ʨʳʰʺʵʳʨ˂ ʹ˂ʬʳʹ ʯʨʿʭʨʴʹ.
ʲʬʽʹʰ 13
ʳʨʺʬʸʰʨʲʻʸʰ ʩʻʴʬʩʰʹ ʹʨʳʰ ʳʵʫʻʹʰʹʨ ʫʨ ʳʨʯʯʨʴ
ʫʨʱʨʭˀʰʸʬʩʻʲʰ ˀʸʵʳʰʹ ʯʨʴʨˆʳʨʫ, ʨʫʨʳʰʨʴʯʨ ʹʨʮʵʪʨʫʵʬʩʨʹ
ʵʯˆʰ ʪʨʴʨʿʵʼʰ ʫʨʭʻ˄ʬʹʬ. ʯʻʳ˂ʨ ʬʹ ʹʰʹʺʬʳʨ ʳʬ ʫʨʭʨʳʱʭʰʫʸʬ ʫʨ
ˁʬʳʰ ʴʬʩʰʹʨʳʬʩʸ ʰ˂ʭʲʬʩʨ ʰʪʰ, ʳʬ ʯʨʭʨʫ ʻ˂ʭʲʬʲʰ ʭʨʸ.
ˀʰʴʨ-ʨʸʹʰ. ʻʼʨʲʰ ˀʬʳʵʽʳʬʫʰʨ ʿʵʭʲʰʹʨ. ʿʭʬʲʨʼʬʸʰ ʳʰʹʪʨʴ
ʳʵʬʫʰʴʬʩʨ, ʨʸʹʬʩʵʩʨ˂ ʳʰʹʪʨʴ ʬ˃ʲʬʭʨ ʫʨ ʳʵʹʶʵʩʰʹ ˀʬʳʫʬʪ
ʿʭʬʲʨʼʬʸʰ ʳʨʹ ʻʩʸʻʴʫʬʩʨ. ʰʪʰ ˀʬʳʵʽʳʬʫʰʨ ʹʨʮʵʪʨʫʵʬʩʸʰʭʰ
ʵʯˆʰ ʪʨʴʨʿʵʼʰʹʨ, ʸʵʳʬʲʰ˂ ʰ˄ʿʬʩʨ ʪʵʴʰʬʸ ʨʫʨʳʰʨʴʯʨ ˇʪʻʼʰʯ
- ʩʸʨˈʳʨʴʬʩʰʯ. ʰʹʰʴʰ ʹʨʯʴʵʬʩʰʹ ʳʵʫʻʹˀʰ ʰʳʿʵʼʬʩʰʨʴ. ˀʬʳʫʬʪ
ʳʵʫʰʹ ʱˀʨʺʸʰʬʩʨʫ ˄ʵʫʬʩʻʲʰ ʳʳʨʸʯʭʬʲʯʨ ʼʬʴʨ. ʰʹʰʴʰ ʭʴʬʩʰʹ
ʳʵʫʻʹˀʰ ʳʰʳʵʰʽ˂ʬʭʰʨʴ; ʭʨ˅ʸʬʩʹ ʭʨʰˀʰʬʩʰ ˈʽʭʰʨʯ, ʳʨʯ
ʬʸʯʵʩʲʰʭʨʫ ʭʴʬʩʰʹʨ ʫʨ ʻʪʻʴʻʸʬʩʰʹ ʳʵʫʻʹʬʩʰ ʪʨʴʨʪʬʩʬʴ.
ˀʻʫʸʬʩʰ ʨʴʻ ʳʨˀʭʸʨʲʴʰ ʹˆʭʬʩʰʹʯʭʰʹ ʳʨʺʬʸʰʨʲʻʸʰ ʩʻʴʬʩʰʹ
ʻʳʬ˂ʸʬʩʰʹ ʳʵʫʻʹˀʰ ʨʸʰʨʴ ʳʵʽ˂ʬʻʲʴʰ.
ʳʰʻˆʬʫʨʭʨʫ ʰʳʰʹʨ, ʸʵʳ ʻʼʨʲʳʨ ʬʹ ʵʯˆʰ ʪʨʴʨʿʵʼʰ ˀʬʽʳʴʨ,
ʯʨʭʨʫ ʨʸ ʳʰʬʱʻʯʭʴʬʩʨ ʨʸ˂ ʬʸʯ ʳʨʯʪʨʴʹ; ʰʪʰ ʨʸ ʨʸʰʹ
ʪʨʴʶʰʸʵʩʬʩʻʲʰ ʹʻʲʰ, ʸʵʳʬʲʯʨ ʬʸʯʵʩʨ˂ ʨʫʨʳʰʨʴʯʨ
ʹʨʮʵʪʨʫʵʬʩʨʹ ʽʳʴʰʹ. ʨʫʨʳʰʨʴʯʨ ʫʨ ˂ˆʵʭʬʲʯʨ ʹʨʮʵʪʨʫʵʬʩʨ
ʬʸʯʴʨʰʸʰʨ, ʳʨʪʸʨʳ ʨʫʨʳʰʨʴʬʩʹ ʨʳʨʾʲʬʩʰʹ ʳʰʮʴʰʯ ʻʼʨʲʳʨ
ʮʬʳʵʨʾʴʰˀʴʻʲʰ ʪʨʴʨʿʵʼʬʩʰ ˀʬʻʽʳʴʨ, ʸʨʯʨ ˆʨʲˆʰʹ ˀʬʪʴʬʩʨˀʰ
ʳʵ˄ʬʹʸʰʪʬʩʻʲʨʫ ˁʨʰʴʬʸʪʵʹ ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ ˂ʴʵʩʰʬʸʬʩʨ.
ʨʫʨʳʰʨʴʰʹ ʳʰʫʸʬʱʰʲʬʩʨ ˀʸʵʳʰʹʨʫʳʰ ʳʨʺʬʸʰʨʲʻʸʰ ʩʻʴʬʩʰʹ
ʳʵʫʻʹʰʯ ʪʨʴʰʹʨʮʾʭʸʬʩʨ. ʹʰ˂ʵ˂ˆʲʰʹ ʴʰˀʴʬʩʰ˂ ʳʨʯ

2354

Tavi meoTxe – transcendenturi codna

ˀʬʹʨʩʨʳʰʹʨʫ ʭʲʰʴʫʬʩʨ. ʬʹ ʿʵʭʬʲʰʭʬ ˄ʰʪʴʰʹ ʳʬ-18 ʯʨʭˀʰʨ
ʨʾ˄ʬʸʰʲʰ.
ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ ˂ʴʵʩʰʬʸʬʩʨˀʰ ʳʿʵʼʰ ʶʰʸʵʭʴʬʩʨ ʯʭʰʯ ʩʸʨˈʳʨʴʬʩʮʬ
ʳʨʾʲʨ ʫʪʨʹ. ʩʸʨˈʳʨʴʬʩʰ ʩʸʨˈʳʨʴʹ, ʾʳʸʯʨʬʩʰʹ ʻʳʨʾʲʬʹ
ʨʩʹʵʲʻʺʻʸ ˅ʬˀʳʨʸʰʺʬʩʨʹ ʻʴʫʨ ʰ˂ʴʵʩʫʴʬʴ, ʳʨʪʸʨʳ ʳʨʯʰ
ʻʳʸʨʭʲʬʹʵʩʨ ʳˆʵʲʵʫ ʻʼʨʲʰ ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ ʪʨʳʵʭʲʰʴʬʩʨʹ ʻʶʰʸʵʭʴʵ ʩʸʨˈʳʨʴʹ - ʻʨˆʲʵʭʫʬʩʨ. ʳʨʪʸʨʳ ʰʹ, ʭʰʴ˂ ʪʨʨʸʾʭʬʭʹ
ʩʸʨˈʳʨʴʰʹ ˀʬʮʾʻʫʻʲʰ ˂ʵʫʴʰʹ ʪʨʲʨʭʨʴʹ ʫʨ ʳʰʬʨˆʲʬʩʨ
ʻʮʬʴʨʬʹʰ ʶʰʸʵʭʴʬʩʰʹ ʹʰʩʸ˃ʴʬʹ, ˆʫʬʩʨ ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ ˂ʴʵʩʰʬʸʰ, ʨʴʻ
ʭʨʰˀʴʨʭʰ. ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ ˂ʴʵʩʰʬʸʬʩʰʹ ˄ʭʫʵʳʨ ʹʨ˅ʰʸʵʬʩʹ ˂ʵʫʴʨʹ
ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ ʹˆʭʨʫʨʹˆʭʨ, ʹʸʻʲʰ ʪʨʳʵʭʲʰʴʬʩʬʩʰʹ ˀʬʹʨˆʬʩ,
ʸʵʪʵʸʬʩʰ˂ ʨʸʰʨʴ ʸʨʳʨ, ʴʸʰʹʰʳˈʨ, ʭʨʸʨˈʨ ʫʨ ʹˆʭ. ʫʨ ʸʵʪʵʸ˂
ʱʸʰˀʴʨ ʰʳʿʵʼʬʩʨ ʨʫʨʳʰʨʴʯʨ ʹʨʮʵʪʨʫʵʬʩʰʹ ʵʯˆ ʼʬʴʨʫ ʫʨʿʵʼʰʹ
ʹʰʹʺʬʳʰʹ ʳʰʾʳʨ, ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ ˂ʴʵʩʰʬʸʬʩʨʹ ʴʨʮʰʨʸʬʩʰ ʶʰʸʵʭʴʬʩʨ˂
ʳʨʾʲʨʨ ʿʵʭʬʲʰʭʬ ʨʳʨʮʬ. ʳʨʹ ʨʾʨʸ ʬˆʬʩʨ ʸʵʳʬʲʰʳʬ ʫʨˇʪʻʼʬʩʰʹ,
ʬʸʵʭʴʬʩʰʹʨ ʯʻ ʹʨˆʬʵʩʰʹ ʪʨʴʨʿʵʼʬʩʰ.
ʲʬʽʹʰ 14
ʨʸ ʨʸʹʬʩʵʩʹ ʹʨʽʳʬʴʰ, ʳʬ ʸʵʳ ʳˆʰʩʲʨʭʫʬʹ, ʨʸ˂ ʹʨʽʳʰʨʴʵʩʨʯʨ
ʹʨʸʪʬʩʬʲʹ ʭʬʹ˄ʨʼʭʰ. ʭʰʹʨ˂ ˁʬʳʹ ˀʬʹʨˆʬʩ ʬʹ ˅ʬˀʳʨʸʰʺʬʩʨ ʬʹʳʰʹ,
ʨʸ˂ ʰʹ ʰˆʲʨʸʯʬʩʨ ʱʨʸʳʰʻʲʰ ˀʸʵʳʰʹ ʩʵʸʱʰʲʬʩˀʰ.
ˀʰʴʨ-ʨʸʹʰ. ʸʵʪʵʸ˂ ʳʨʺʬʸʰʨʲʻʸ ʹʨʳʿʨʸʵˀʰ ʨʸʹʬʩʵʩʹ
ʫʨʫʪʰʴʬʩʻʲʰ ʱʨʴʵʴʬʩʰ, ʸʵʳʲʰʹ ˃ʨʲʰʯʨ˂ ʳʬʼʬ ʨʳ ʱʨʴʵʴʬʩʮʬ
ʳʨʾʲʨ ʫʪʨʹ (ʫʨʳʱʭʰʫʸʬʩʻʲʰʨ ʨʮʸʰ, ʸʵʳ ʳʬʼʬ ʿʵʭʬʲʯʭʰʹ
ʳʨʸʯʨʲʰʨ), ʻʼʨʲʰ˂, ʯʻʳ˂ʨ ʳʨʺʬʸʰʨʲʻʸʰ ʹʨʳʿʨʸʵʹ
ˀʬʳʵʽʳʬʫʰʨ, ʳʰʳʫʰʴʨʸʬ ʹʨʽʳʰʨʴʵʩʨʯʨ ʳʨʾʲʨʨ. ʬʸʯʫʸʵʻʲʨʫ
ʰʪʰ ʽʳʴʰʹ ʫʨ ʽʳʴʨʫʵʩʰʹʨʪʨʴ ʪʨʴʮʬ ʫʪʨʹ. ˂ʵ˂ˆʨʲʰ ʨʸʹʬʩʬʩʰ ʱʰ,
ʳʰ˄ʰʬʸ ʹʰʳʫʰʫʸʬʹ ʫʨˆʨʸʩʬʩʻʲʴʰ, ʯʨʭʰʨʴʯ ʳʰʫʸʬʱʰʲʬʩʬʩʹ
ʿʳʨʫ ʫʨʹʫʪʵʳʰʨʴ ʫʨ ʱʨʸʳʰʻʲʰ ˀʬʫʬʪʬʩʰʹ ʩʨʫʬˀʰ
ʪʨˆʲʨʸʯʻʲʨʴ.
ʫʨ˄ʬʹʬʩʻʲʬʩʰʹ ʳʼʲʵʩʬʲʰ ʶʨʹʻˆʰʹʳʪʬʩʬʲʰ ʨʸ ʨʸʰʹ
ʯʨʴʨʳˀʸʵʳʬʲʯʨ ʹ˄ʵʸʰ ʨʴ ʨʸʨʹ˄ʵʸʰ ʹʨʽ˂ʰʬʲʰʹ ʪʨʳʵ. ʨʳʨʮʬ
ʯʨʭʨʫ ʨʪʬʩʬʴ ʶʨʹʻˆʹ. ˂ʵ˂ˆʨʲʰ ʨʸʹʬʩʬʩʰ˂ ʬʸʯ ʪʨ˄ʨʳʨ˄ʰʨˀʰ

2454

Tavi meoTxe – transcendenturi codna

ʨʸʰʨʴ ʪʸ˃ʴʵʩʨʯʨ ʫʨʱʳʨʿʵʼʰʲʬʩʰʹ ˀʬʹʨʩʨʳʰʹʰ ʹʨʽʳʰʨʴʵʩʬʩʰʯ,
ʸʨ˂ ʻʼʨʲʹ ʨʸ ʫʨʻ˄ʬʹʬʩʰʨ. ʨʫʨʳʰʨʴʬʩʰ ʳʰ˄ʰʬʸʰ ʹʨʸʪʬʩʲʰʹ ʪʨʳʵ
ˀʸʵʳʵʩʬʴ, ʵʼʲʹ ʾʭʸʰʨʴ, ʹʰʱʭʫʰʲʰʹ ˀʬʳʫʬʪ ʱʰ ʮʬ˂ʰʻʸ
ʩʬʫʴʰʬʸʬʩʨʹ ʬʹ˄ʸʨʼʭʰʨʴ. ʻʼʨʲʹ, ʹʸʻʲʿʵʼʰʲʬʩʨʹ ʯʨʭʰʹʰ
ʨʸʹʵʩʰʯ, ʬʪʸʬʯ˄ʵʫʬʩʻʲʰ ʮʬ˂ʰʻʸʰ ʩʬʫʴʰʬʸʬʩʨ ʹʸʻʲʰʨʫ ʨʸ
ʰʮʰʫʨʭʹ. ʴʨˆʬʭʨʸʾʳʬʸʯʬʩʰ ʳʰʹ ʳʰʬʸ ʪʨʫʨ˄ʿʭʬʺʰʲ ʹʨʽʳʬʯʨ
ʨʾʳʹʸʻʲʬʩʬʲʰ ʳʹʨˆʻʸʬʩʰ ʨʸʰʨʴ. ʶʨʺʸʵʴʰ ʨʸʨʹʵʫʬʹ
ʫʨʳʫʨʩʲʫʬʩʨ ʳʵʴʰʹʨʯʭʰʹ ʹʨʱʳʨʸʰʹ ʩʬʫʴʰʬʸʬʩʨʳʫʬ. ʰʪʰ ʪʨʴʮʬ
ʫʪʨʹ ʳʨʺʬʸʰʨʲʻʸʰ ʽʳʬʫʬʩʰʹʨ ʫʨ ʻʱʻʽʳʬʫʬʩʰʹʨʪʨʴ.
ʳʨʪʨʲʰʯʨʫ, ˄ʭʰʳʨ ʶʨʹʻˆʹ ʨʸ ʨʪʬʩʹ ʳ˂ʬʴʨʸʬʻʲʵʩʨʮʬ, ʸʵʳʬʲʰ˂
ʳʰ˄ʰʫʨʴ ʰʮʸʫʬʩʨ, ʯʻʳ˂ʨ ˄ʭʰʳʰʹ ʪʨʸʬˀʬ ʳ˂ʬʴʨʸʬʯʨ ʹʰ˂ʵ˂ˆʲʬ
ˀʬʻ˃ʲʬʩʬʲʰ ʰʽʴʬʩʵʫʨ. ʭʬʫʻʸ “ʹʳʸʰʺʰˀʰ” ʬʹ ʼʨʽʺʰ ʨʹʬʨ
ʫʨʫʨʹʺʻʸʬʩʻʲʰ:
“ʳʨʺʬʸʰʨʲʻʸ ʹʨʳʿʨʸʵʯʨ ʨʸʹʵʩʰʹ ʬʸʯʨʫʬʸʯʰ ʻʳʨʾʲʬʹʰ
ʳʰʮʬʮʰ ʻʼʨʲʰʨ. ʻˀʻʨʲʵ ʳʰʮʬʮʰ ʱʰ ʳʨʺʬʸʰʨʲʻʸʰ ʩʻʴʬʩʨʨ,
ʸʵʳʲʰʹ ʹʨˀʻʨʲʬʩʰʯʨ˂ ʱʵʹʳʰʻʸʰ ʪʨʳʵʭʲʰʴʬʩʨ ˆʰʲʻʲʰ
ˆʫʬʩʨ.” ʨʸʹʬʩʵʩʹ ʳʸʨʭʨʲʹʨˆʬʵʩʨ ˂ʵ˂ˆʨʲʰ ʨʸʹʬʩʬʩʰʹʨ:
ʴʨˆʬʭʨʸʾʳʬʸʯʬʩʰ, ʨʫʨʳʰʨʴʬʩʰ, ʫʨʩʨʲʰ ˂ˆʵʭʬʲʬʩʰ ʫʨ ʿʵʭʬʲʰ
ʳʨʯʪʨʴʰ ʯʨʭʰʹʰ ˄ʨʸʹʻʲʰ ʱʨʸʪʰ ʨʴ ˂ʻʫʰ ʹʨʽʳʰʨʴʵʩʰʹ ˀʬʫʬʪʬʩʹ
ʬʽʭʬʳʫʬʩʨʸʬʩʨ. ʻʼʨʲʰ ʳˆʵʲʵʫ ʨʹʬʯʰ ʹʨʽʳʬʬʩʰʹ ˀʬʹʸʻʲʬʩʰʹ
ˀʬʹʨ˃ʲʬʩʲʵʩʬʩʹ ʻʽʳʴʰʹ ʫʨ ʩʻʴʬʩʰʹ ʳʵʫʻʹʬʩʰʹ ʱʨʴʵʴʬʩʹ
ʻ˄ʬʹʬʩʹ ʳʨʯ, ʳʨʪʸʨʳ ʨʸʨʹʵʫʬʹ ʨʪʬʩʹ ʶʨʹʻˆʹ ʳʨʯʰ ˄ʨʸʹʻʲʰ ʫʨ
ʨˆʲʨʴʫʬʲʰ ʽ˂ʬʭʬʩʰʹ ʪʨʳʵ.” “ʭʬʫʨʴʺʨ-ʹʻʺʸʬʩˀʰ” (2.1.34)
ʫʨʫʨʹʺʻʸʬʩʻʲʰʨ: ʻʼʨʲʰ ʨʸʨʹʵʫʬʹ ʰˁʬʴʹ ʳʰʱʬʸ˃ʵʬʩʨʹ
ʸʵʳʬʲʰʳʬ ˂ʵ˂ˆʨʲʰ ʨʸʹʬʩʰʹ ʳʰʳʨʸʯ, ʸʵʳʬʲʰ˂ ʹʨʱʻʯʨʸ
ʹʨʽ˂ʰʬʲʮʬ ʯʭʰʯʵʴ ʨʪʬʩʹ ʶʨʹʻˆʹ. ʻʼʨʲʰ ʳˆʵʲʵʫ
ˀʬʹʨ˃ʲʬʩʲʵʩʨʹ ʻʽʳʴʰʹ ʳʨʺʬʸʰʨʲʻʸʰ ʩʻʴʬʩʰʹ, ʨʴʻ ʬʴʬʸʪʰʹ
ˀʻʨʳʨʭʲʵʩʰʯ.
ʭʰʴ˂ ʩʵʲʵʳʫʬ ʪʨʰ˂ʴʵʩʰʬʸʨ ʱʨʸʳʰʹ ʱʨʴʵʴʰʹ, ʨʴʻ ʱʨʸʳʰʻʲʰ
ʳʵʽʳʬʫʬʩʬʩʰʹ ʹʰʸʯʻʲʬʬʩʰ, ʳʨʹ ʨʾʨʸ ʨʾʬʲʭʬʩʹ ʹʨʱʻʯʨʸʰ
ʹʨʽʳʰʨʴʵʩʬʩʰʹ ˀʬʫʬʪʬʩʰ. ʹˆʭʨ ʹʰʺʿʭʬʩʰʯ ʸʵʳ ʭʯʽʭʨʯ, ʰʹ, ʭʰʹʨ˂
ʬʹʳʰʹ ʻʼʲʰʹ ʺʸʨʴʹ˂ʬʴʫʬʴʺʻʸʰ ʩʻʴʬʩʨ, ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ ˂ʴʵʩʰʬʸʬʩʰʹ
ˀʬʳ˂ʴʵʩʰ ʶʰʸʵʭʴʬʩʨʨ. ʨʳʰʺʵʳ ʰʪʰ ˀʬʻʭʨʲʰ ˆʫʬʩʨ ʱʨʸʳʰʹ
ʱʨʴʵʴʬʩʰʹ ʳʰʳʨʸʯ. ʭʰʴʨ˂ ʻʼʲʰʹ ʺʸʨʴʹ˂ʬʴʫʬʴʺʻʸ ʩʻʴʬʩʨʹ ʭʬʸ

2554

Tavi meoTxe – transcendenturi codna

ʳʰʹ˄ʭʫʵʳʰʨ ʫʨ ʯʭʲʰʹ, ʸʵʳ ʻʼʲʰʹ ʳʵʾʭʨ˄ʬʵʩʨ ʻʩʸʨʲʵ
˂ʵ˂ˆʨʲ ʨʸʹʬʩʨʯʨ ʪʨʸˇʨ-ʽ˂ʬʭʰʹ ʳʹʪʨʭʹʨʫ ʱʨʸʳʰʻʲʰ
ˀʬʫʬʪʬʩʰʹʯʭʰʹ ʨʸʰʹ ʪʨʳʰʮʴʻʲʰ, ʻʼʸʵ ʫʨ ʻʼʸʵ ʰˆʲʨʸʯʬʩʨ
ʳʰ˄ʰʬʸʰ ʪʸ˃ʴʵʩʬʩʰʹ ʩʨʫʬˀʰ. ʳˆʵʲʵʫ ʰʹ, ʭʰʴ˂ ʹ˂ʴʵʩʹ ʻʮʬʴʨʬʹ
˅ʬˀʳʨʸʰʺʬʩʨʹ, ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ ˂ʴʵʩʰʬʸʬʩʨˀʰ ʪʨʴʳʺʱʰ˂ʬʩʻʲʰ
ʪʨʴʯʨʭʰʹʻʼʲʬʩʻʲʰ ʹʻʲʰ ʪʨˆʲʨʭʯ.
ʲʬʽʹʰ 15
ʪʨʸʫʨʹʻʲ ʫʸʵʯʨ ʿʵʭʬʲ ʪʨʴʯʨʭʰʹʻʼʲʬʩʻʲ ʹʻʲʹ ˁʬʳʰ
ʺʸʨʴʹ˂ʬʴʫʬʴʺʻʸʰ ʩʻʴʬʩʨ ʨʹʬ ʬʹʳʵʫʨ ʫʨ ʯʨʭʰʹ ʹʨʽʳʰʨʴʵʩʬʩˀʰ
ʨʳ ʸ˄ʳʬʴʨʹ ʳʰʹʫʬʭʫʨ. ˀʬʴ˂ ʱʭʨʲʫʨʱʭʨʲ ʳʰˈʿʬʭ ʳʨʯ ʪʮʨʹ ʫʨ ˀʬʴʰ
ʳʵʭʨʲʬʵʩʨ ʨʾʨʹʸʻʲʬ.
ˀʰʴʨ-ʨʸʹʰ. ʨʫʨʳʰʨʴʯʨ ʴʨ˄ʰʲʹ ʪʻʲʰ ʳʰ˄ʰʬʸʰ ʻ˄ʳʰʴʫʻʸʵʩʰʯ
ʨʾʭʹʬʩʰʨ, ʴʨ˄ʰʲʰ ʱʰ ʯʨʭʰʹʻʼʨʲʰʨ ʳʨʺʬʸʰʰʹʨʪʨʴ. ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ
˂ʴʵʩʰʬʸʬʩʨ ʵʸʰʭʬʯʨʯʭʰʹ ʬʸʯʴʨʰʸʨʫ ʹʨʹʰʱʬʯʵʨ. ʩʰ˄ʰʬʸʰ ʱʨ˂ʰ
ʬʸʯʪʻʲʰ ʹʨʳʹʨˆʻʸʰʹ ʶʸʰʴ˂ʰʶʬʩʰʹ ʫʨ˂ʭʰʯ ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ
˂ʴʵʩʰʬʸʬʩʰʹ ʪʨʪʬʩʰʹ ʪʮʨʹ ˀʬʻ˃ʲʰʨ ʫʨʨʫʪʬʹ ʫʨ ʪʻʲʰ
ʯʨʴʫʨʯʨʴʵʩʰʯ ʪʨʴʰʹʶʬʺʨʱʵʹ. ʳʨʯ ʭʰ, ʭʰʴ˂ ʻʱʭʬ ʪʨʴ˄ʳʬʴʫʰʲʴʰ
ʨʸʰʨʴ, ˀʬʻ˃ʲʰʨʯ ʰʪʰʭʬ ʾʭʯʰʻʸʰ ʪʮʨ ʪʨʨʪʸ˃ʬʲʵʴ, ʸʨʯʨ
ʹˆʭʬʩʰ˂ ʪʨˈʿʭʴʬʴ ʳʨʯ ʹʨʳʨʪʨʲʰʯʵ ʳʵʽʳʬʫʬʩʬʩʹ ʫʨ ʨʳʰʯ ʳʬʺʰ
ʳʨʫʲʰ ˈʶʵʭʵʴ.
ʻʳʬ˂ʨʸʯ, ʨʴ ʪʨʴʯʨʭʰʹʻʼʲʬʩʰʹ ʳʵ˄ʨʫʰʴʬ ʨˆʨʲʩʬʫʬʩʹ,
ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ ˂ʴʵʩʰʬʸʬʩʰʹ ʹʰʩʸ˃ʴʬʹ ʸʵʳ ʭʬʸ ˁʨʹ˄ʭʫʵʳʰʨʴ, ˆˀʰʸʨʫ
ʰʵʲʨʫ ʹʻʸʯ ʯʨʭʰʨʴʯʰ ʳʵʽʳʬʫʬʩʬʩʰʹ ʳʰʺʵʭʬʩʨ (ʨʱʰ ʻʼʨʲʳʨ
ʨʸ ʳʵʻ˄ʵʴʨ ʨʸˇʻʴʨʹ ʩʸ˃ʵʲʨʮʬ ʻʨʸʰʹ ʯʽʳʰʹ ʹʻʸʭʰʲʰ.) ʬʹ ʨʸ
ʨʸʰʹ ʹ˄ʵʸʰ ʨʸˁʬʭʨʴʰ - ʹʨ˅ʰʸʵʨ ʳˆʵʲʵʫ ʰʳʰʹ ˂ʵʫʴʨ, ʯʻ
ʸʵʪʵʸ ʭʰʳʵʽʳʬʫʵʯ. ʭʰʯʵʳ ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ ˂ʴʵʩʰʬʸʬʩʰʹ ʪʨʳʵ
ʹʨʽʳʰʨʴʵʩʨʮʬ ʻʨʸʰʹ ʯʽʳʨ ʫʨ ʪʻʲˆʬʲʫʨʱʸʬʼʰʲʰ ˇʫʵʳʨ
ʳˆʵʲʵʫ ʪʨʸʬʪʴʻʲʰ ʯʭʨʲʯʳʨʽ˂ʵʩʨʨ ʫʨ ʴʨʱʲʬʩ
ʳʴʰˀʭʴʬʲʵʭʨʴʰ, ʭʰʫʸʬ ʳʸʨʭʨʲʰ ʹʨˆʰʹ ʹʨʽʳʰʹ ˀʬʹʸʻʲʬʩʨ.
ʨʸˇʻʴʨʹ ʬ˃ʲʬʭʨ ʸˁʬʭʨ ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ ˂ʴʵʩʰʬʸʬʩʰʯ ʰʳʵʽʳʬʫʵʹ,
ʳʹʪʨʭʹʨʫ ʻʼʲʰʹ ʹˆʭʨ ʳʵʹ˄ʨʭʲʬʬʩʰʹʨ, ʸʵʪʵʸʰ˂ ʨʸʰʹ ʮʬʳʵʯ
ʳʵˆʹʬʴʰʬʩʻʲʰ ʳʮʰʹ ʾʳʬʸʯʰ ʭʰʭʨʹʭʨʴʰ. ʻʮʬʴʨʬʹ ʻʼʨʲʹ

2654

Tavi meoTxe – transcendenturi codna

ʨʸʨʼʬʸʰ ʨʭʰ˄ʿʫʬʩʨ - ʨˆʹʵʭʹ ʳʨʯʰ ʹʨʽʳʰʨʴʵʩʨ, ʭʰʴ˂ ʨʫʸʬ ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ
˂ʴʵʩʰʬʸʬʩʰʹ ʳʰˆʬʫʭʰʯ ʰʾ˄ʭʵʫʨ. ʨʳʰʺʵʳ ʰʪʰ ʪʭʰʸˁʬʭʹ ʳʮʰʹ
ʾʳʬʸʯʹ ʳʰʭʩʨ˃ʵʯ, ʸʵʳʬʲʳʨ˂ ʳʰʲʰʵʴʵʩʰʯ ˄ʲʰʹ ˄ʰʴʨʯ
ʻʼʲʰʹʨʪʨʴ ˀʬʰʹ˄ʨʭʲʨ ʯʨʭʰʹʰ ˆʬʲʵʭʴʬʩʨ ʫʨ ʫʾʬʳʫʬ ʨʹʸʻʲʬʩʹ
ʳʨʹ. ʻʼʨʲʰ ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ ʿʵʭʬʲ ʨʹʬʯ ʳʵʹ˄ʨʭʲʬʹ, ʸʵʳʬʲʰ˂ ʳʰʹ ʳʰʬʸ
ʪʨʴʹʨʮʾʭʸʻʲ ʳʵʭʨʲʬʵʩʬʩʹ ʨʹʸʻʲʬʩʹ, ʪʨʴʯʨʭʰʹʻʼʲʬʩʻʲʰ
ʶʰʸʵʭʴʬʩʨ ʬ˄ʵʫʬʩʨ.
ʲʬʽʹʰ 16
ʪʵʴʰʬʸʰ˂ ʱʰ ˂ʫʬʩʨ ʰʳʰʹ ʪʨʸʱʭʬʭʰʹʨʹ, ʯʻ ʸʨ ʨʸʰʹ ʳʵʽʳʬʫʬʩʨ ʫʨ
ʸʨ ʨʸʰʹ ʻʽʳʨʫʿʵʼʴʨ. ʨˆʲʨ ʳʬ ʨʪʰˆʹʴʰ ʨʳʨʹ, ʫʨʰˆʹʵʳʬ ʫʨ
ʿʵʭʬʲʪʭʨʸ ʪʨʴʹʨ˂ʫʬʲʹ ʨʰˀʵʸʬʩ.
ˀʰʴʨ-ʨʸʹʰ. ʯʨʭʰʨʴʯʰ ʳʵʭʨʲʬʵʩʨ ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ ˂ʴʵʩʰʬʸʬʩʰʯ
ʨʾ˅ʻʸʭʰʲʯ ʻʴʫʨ ˀʬʨʹʸʻʲʵʴ ˄ʰʴʨʳʵʸʩʬʫʰ ˅ʬˀʳʨʸʰʺʰ
ʬʸʯʪʻʲʬʩʰʹ ʳʨʪʨʲʰʯʰʹ ʳʰˆʬʫʭʰʯ. ʨʳʨʹ ʳʬʯˆʻʯʳʬʺʬ ʲʬʽʹʰ
ʪʭʰʸˁʬʭʹ. ʳʵʳʫʬʭʴʵ ʺʬʽʹʺˀʰ ʪʨʴʳʨʸʺʬʩʻʲʰ ʰʽʴʬʩʨ, ʯʻ ʸʨʺʵʳ
ʨʸ ˀʬʰ˃ʲʬʩʨ ʫʨʳʵʻʱʰʫʬʩʲʨʫ ʳʵʽʳʬʫʬʩʨ.
ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ ˂ʴʵʩʰʬʸʬʩʨˀʰ ʳʵʽʳʬʫʬʩʰʹʨʯʭʰʹ ʹʨ˅ʰʸʵʨ
ʳʵ˄ʨʼʬʵʩʸʰʭʰ ʯʨʴʳʰʳʫʬʭʸʵʩʰʹ ˄ʨʸʳʵʳʨʫʪʬʴʬʲʰ,
ʻʼʲʬʩʨʳʵʹʰʲʰ ʶʰʸʵʭʴʬʩʰʹ ˄ʰʴʨʳ˃ʾʵʲʵʩʨ. ʬʹ ʨʳ ʯʨʭʰʹ
ʫʨʹʨ˄ʿʰʹˀʰ ʰʽʴʨ ʪʨʴʳʨʸʺʬʩʻʲʰ: ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ ˂ʴʵʩʰʬʸʬʩʰʹ ʹʰʹʺʬʳʨ
ʯʨʭʰʫʨʴ ʪʨʫʨʬ˂ʨ ʳʮʰʹ ʾʳʬʸʯʹ, ʳʮʰʹ ʾʳʬʸʯʳʨ ʪʨʴʻʳʨʸʺʨ ʰʪʰ
ʯʨʭʰʹ ˀʭʰʲ ʳʨʴʻʹ, ʳʨʴʻʳ - ʯʨʭʰʹ ˀʭʰʲʹ, ʰʱˀʭʨʱʻʹ ʫʨ ʨʹʬ
ʻ˄ʿʭʬʺʨʫ ʬʹ ˇʨ˅ʭʰ ʻ˃ʭʬʲʬʹʰ ʫʸʵʰʫʨʴ ʬʸʯʰʫʨʴ ʳʬʵʸʬʹ
ʪʨʫʨʬ˂ʬʳʨ. ʹʨ˅ʰʸʵʨ ʪʨʭʿʭʬʯ ˄ʰʴʨʳʵʸʩʬʫʰ ʨʭʺʵʸʰʺʬʺʬʩʰʹ
ʴʨʱʭʨʲʬʭʹ. ˄ʰʴʨʨʾʳʫʬʪ ˀʬʳʯˆʭʬʭʨˀʰ ʿʭʬʲʨʮʬ ʪʵʴʰʬʸʴʰ˂ ʱʰ
ʹʨʪʵʴʬʩʬʲʹ ʳʰʬ˂ʬʳʰʨʴ, ʸʵ˂ʨ ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ ˂ʴʵʩʰʬʸʬʩʰʹ ʳʰˆʬʫʭʰʯ
ʳʵʽʳʬʫʬʩʨʯʨ ʳʸʨʭʨʲʹʨˆʬʵʩʰʹ ʶʰʸʰʹʶʸ ʨʾʳʵˁʴʫʬʩʰʨʴ. ʨʳʰʺʵʳ
ʪʨʫʨ˄ʿʭʰʺʨ ʻʼʨʲʳʨ, ʻˀʻʨʲʵʫ ʬʹ˄ʨʭʲʬʩʰʴʨ ʨʸˇʻʴʨʹʨʯʭʰʹ
ʹʨʽʳʰʨʴʵʩʰʹʨ ʯʻ ʻʽʳʨʫ ʿʵʼʴʰʹ ʨʮʸʰ. ʻʼʲʰʹʪʨʴ ʻˀʻʨʲʵʫ
ʫʨʳʵ˃ʾʭʸʰʲ ʨʸˇʻʴʨʹ ʭʰʴ˂ ʱʰ ʪʨˈʿʭʬʩʨ, ʹʰʱʬʯʬʹ ʬ˄ʬʭʨ.
ʨʳʩʵʩʬʴ, ˀʬʻ˃ʲʬʩʬʲʰʨ ʸʬʲʰʪʰʰʹ ʨʸʹʰʹ ʪʨʳʵʱʭʲʬʭʨ ʳˆʵʲʵʫ
ʬʽʹʶʬʸʰʳʬʴʺʻʲʰ ʪʮʫʰʯ. ʬʹ ʨʹʬʨ, ʸ˄ʳʬʴʰʹ ʶʸʰʴ˂ʰʶʬʩʰʹ

2754

Tavi meoTxe – transcendenturi codna

ʪʨʴʹʨʮʾʭʸʨ ʳˆʵʲʵʫ ʯʨʭʨʫ ʻʼʨʲʹ ˀʬʻ˃ʲʰʨ. ʭʬʸʨʭʰʴ
ʪʨʳʵʰʪʵʴʬʩʹ ʸʬʲʰʪʰʨʹ, ʳʰʯ ʻʼʸʵ ʨʸʨʹʸʻʲʿʵʼʰʲʰ
ʳʹˇʬʲʵʩʰʹ ʹʨʼʻ˃ʭʬʲʮʬ; ʨʳʰʺʵʳ ʻʴʫʨ ʪʨʭʿʭʬʯ ʰʹʬʯʰ ʫʰʨʫʰ
ʨʭʺʵʸʰʺʬʺʬʩʰʹ ʴʨʱʭʨʲʬʭʹ, ʸʵʪʵʸʬʩʰ˂ ʨʸʰʨʴ ʩʸʨˈʳʨ, ˀʰʭʨ,
ʴʨʸʨʫʨ, ʳʨʴʻ, ʱʻʳʨʸʬʩʰ, ʱʨʶʰʲʨ, ʶʸʨˈʲʨʫʨ, ʩˈʰˀʳʨ, ˀʻʱʨʫʬʭʨ
ʪʵʹʭʨʳʰ, ʰʨʳʨʸʨˇʨ, ˇʨʴʨʱʨ ʫʨ ʩʨʲʰ ʳʨˈʨʸʨˇʨ; ʨʳʰʯ ʹˇʻʲʰʹʳʰʬʸ
ʹʰʩʸ˃ʴʬʹ ʭʬʮʰʨʸʬʩʰʯ. ʹʰʺʿʭʨʳʸʨʭʲʵʩʰʯʨ ʫʨ ʪʨ˂ˆʵʭʬʲʬʩʻʲ
ʨʮʸʯʨ ˅ʰʫʰʲʰʯ ʭʰʴ ʫʨʨʫʪʬʴʹ, ʸʨ ʨʸʰʹ ʸʬʲʰʪʰʨ ʨʴʻ
ʯʭʰʯˀʬ˂ʴʵʩʨ?!
ʨʳʰʺʵʳ ʯʨʭʰʹʰ ʬʸʯʪʻʲʬʩʰʹʨʫʳʰ ʻʳʰʮʬʮʵ ˄ʿʨʲʵʩʰʯ
ʻʼʨʲʰ ʻˀʻʨʲʵʫ ʻˆʹʴʰʹ ʨʸˇʻʴʨʹ, ʸʨ ʨʸʰʹ ʹʨʽʳʰʨʴʵʩʨ ʫʨ ʸʨ
ʨʸʰʹ ʻʽʳʨʫʿʵʼʴʨ. ʳˆʵʲʵʫ ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ ˂ʴʵʩʰʬʸʬʩʰʯ
ˀʬʹʸʻʲʬʩʻʲ ʹʨʽʳʰʨʴʵʩʨʹ ˀʬʻ˃ʲʰʨ ʪʨʨʯʨʭʰʹʻʼʲʵʹ ʨʫʨʳʰʨʴʰ
ʳʨʺʬʸʰʨʲʻʸʰ ʿʵʼʰʬʸʬʩʰʹ ʺʿʭʬʵʩʰʫʨʴ.
ʲʬʽʹʰ 17
ʬʸʯʵʩ ˃ʴʬʲʰʨ ʽʳʬʫʬʩʨ-ʻʱʻʽʳʬʫʬʩʰʹ ʻʸʯʻʲʹ ˆʭʬʻʲʬʩˀʰ
ʪʨʸʱʭʬʭʨ, ʨʳʰʺʵʳ ʳʰʹʳʰʴʬ ʫʨ ʹ˄ʵʸʬʫ ʪʨʰʪʬ: ʸʨ ʨʸʰʹ ʹʨ˅ʰʸʵ
ʳʵʽʳʬʫʬʩʨ, ʸʨ ʨʱʸ˃ʨʲʻʲʰ ʫʨ ʸʨ ʻʽʳʨʫʿʵʼʴʨ.
ˀʰʴʨ-ʨʸʹʰ. ʯʻ ʨʫʨʳʰʨʴʹ ʳʯʬʲʰ ʪʻʲʰʯ ʹʻʸʹ ʳʨʺʬʸʰʨʲʻʸʰ
ʺʿʭʬʵʩʰʫʨʴ ʪʨʴʯʨʭʰʹʻʼʲʬʩʨ, ʻʴʫʨ ʪʨʰʪʵʹ ʪʨʴʹˆʭʨʭʬʩʨ ʹʨ˅ʰʸʵ
ʫʨ ʨʱʸ˃ʨʲʻʲ ʳʵʽʳʬʫʬʩʨʹ ˀʵʸʰʹ, ʨʴ ʸʨ ʨʸʰʹ ʯʭʰʯ
ʻʽʳʨʫʿʵʼʴʨ˂. ʬʹ ʳʬʺʨʫ ʸʯʻʲʰ ʹʨʱʰʯˆʰʨ. ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ
˂ʴʵʩʰʬʸʬʩʰʹʨ ʫʨ ʳʰʹʯʭʰʹ ʫʨʳʨˆʨʹʰʨʯʬʩʬʲʰ ʳʵʽʳʬʫʬʩʬʩʰʹ
ʪʨʹʨʪʬʩʲʨʫ ʹʨ˅ʰʸʵʨ ʻʮʬʴʨʬʹʯʨʴ ʹʨʱʻʯʨʸʰ ʻʸʯʰʬʸʯʵʩʬʩʰʹ
ˀʬʹ˄ʨʭʲʨ. ʬ.ʰ. ʳʨʹ, ʭʰʴ˂ ʹʸʻʲʿʵʼʰʲʨʫ ʰ˂ʰʹ, ʸʵʳ ʿʵʭʬʲʰ
˂ʵ˂ˆʨʲʰ ʨʸʹʬʩʨ ʻʼʲʰʹ ʳʨʸʨʫʰʻʲʰ ʳʹʨˆʻʸʰʨ ʫʨ ʸʵʳ, ʨʽʬʫʨʴ
ʪʨʳʵʳʫʰʴʨʸʬ, ʿʭʬʲʨʳ ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ ˂ʴʵʩʰʬʸʬʩʰʯ ʻʴʫʨ ʰʳʵʽʳʬʫʵʹ,
ʨʾʴʰˀʴʻʲʰ ʹʰʸʯʻʲʰʹ ʨʾʨʸ ʬˀʰʴʰʨ. ʳʯʬʲʰ “ʩˈʨʪʨʭʨʫ-ʪʰʺʨʹ”
ʨʳ ʫʨʹʱʭʴʨʳʫʬ ʳʰʭʿʨʭʨʸʯ. ʴʬʩʰʹʳʰʬʸʰ ʹˆʭʨ ˀʬˆʬʫʻʲʬʩʨ,
ʸʵʳʬʲʰ˂ ʨʳ ˂ʴʵʩʰʬʸʬʩʨʹʨ ʫʨ ʳʰʹ ʯʨʴʳˆʲʬʩ ʳʵʽʳʬʫʬʩʬʩʹ
ʬ˄ʰʴʨʨʾʳʫʬʪʬʩʨ, ʭʰʱʨʸʳʨʹ, ʨʴʻ ʨʱʸ˃ʨʲʻʲ ʳʵʽʳʬʫʬʩʬʩʹ,
˄ʨʸʳʵʨʫʪʬʴʹ. ʿʵʭʬʲʰʭʬ ʨʳʰʹ ʪʨʹʨʪʬʩʨʫ ʨʫʨʳʰʨʴʳʨ ʻʸʯʰʬʸʯʵʩʨ

2854

Tavi meoTxe – transcendenturi codna

ʻʴʫʨ ʫʨʨʳʿʨʸʵʹ ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ ˂ʴʵʩʰʬʸʬʩʰʹ ʳ˂ʵʫʴʬ
ʨʭʺʵʸʰʺʬʺʬʩʯʨʴ ʫʨ ʳʨʯʰ ʫʨˆʳʨʸʬʩʰʯ ˁʨʹ˄ʭʫʬʹ ʨʳ
ʹʨʰʫʻʳʲʵʹ. ʬʹ ʻˀʻʨʲʵʫ ʻʼʲʰʹʪʨʴ ʹʰʩʸ˃ʴʰʹ ʳʰʾʬʩʰʹ
ʺʵʲʼʨʹʰʨ. ˄ʰʴʨʨʾʳʫʬʪ ˀʬʳʯˆʭʬʭʨˀʰ ʪʵʴʰʬʸʰ ʨʫʨʳʰʨʴʬʩʰ˂ ʱʰ
ʫʨʰʩʴʬʭʰʨʴ.
ʲʬʽʹʰ 18
ʰʹ, ʭʰʴ˂ ˆʬʫʨʭʹ ʻʽʳʨʫʿʵʼʴʨʹ ʳʵʽʳʬʫʬʩʨˀʰ ʫʨ ʳʵʽʳʬʫʬʩʨʹ
ʻʽʳʨʫʿʵʼʴʨˀʰ, ʪʵʴʰʬʸʰʨ ʱʨ˂ʯʨ ˀʵʸʰʹ ʫʨ ʻʱʭʬ
ʺʸʨʴʹ˂ʬʴʫʬʴʺʻʸ ʳʫʪʵʳʨʸʬʵʩʨˀʰʨ, ʯʻʳ˂ʨ ʿʵʭʬʲʯʭʰʹ
ʫʨʱʨʭʬʩʻʲʰʨ ʹˆʭʨʫʨʹˆʭʨ ʹʨʽʳʰʨʴʵʩʰʯ.
ˀʰʴʨ-ʨʸʹʰ. ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ ˂ʴʵʩʰʬʸʬʩʰʯ ʳʵʽʳʬʫʰ ʶʰʸʵʭʴʬʩʨ
ʯʨʭʰʹʯʨʭʨʫ ʯʨʭʰʹʻʼʨʲʰʨ ʱʨʸʳʰʹ ʩʵʸʱʰʲʬʩʰʹʨʪʨʴ. ʿʵʭʬʲ
ʳʵʽʳʬʫʬʩʨʹ ʰʪʰ ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹʨʯʭʰʹ ʨʹʸʻʲʬʩʹ; ʨʳʰʺʵʳ ʨʸ˂ ʺʱʩʬʩʨ ʫʨ
ʨʸ˂ ʰʺʨʴˇʬʩʨ ʯʨʭʰʹʰ ˀʸʵʳʰʹ ˀʬʫʬʪʰʯ. ʰʪʰ ʪʵʴʰʬʸʬʩʰʯ
ʪʨʳʵʸˁʬʻʲʰʨ ʨʫʨʳʰʨʴʯʨ ˀʵʸʰʹ, ʯʻʳ˂ʨʾʨ ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹʯʭʰʹ
ʨʯʨʹʪʭʨʸ ʹʨʽʳʰʨʴʵʩʨʹ ʬ˄ʬʭʨ. ʨʱʨʸʳʨ ˀʬʫʬʪʮʬ ʼʰʽʸʰʹ ʪʨʸʬˀʬ
ʳʵʽʳʬʫʬʩʨʹ ʴʰˀʴʨʭʹ. ʰʳʶʬʸʹʵʴʨʲʰʹʺʰ ʰʳʰʹ ˀʰˀʰʯ, ʸʵʳ
ʱʨʸʳʻʲʳʨ ʳʵʽʳʬʫʬʩʨʳ ʰʪʰ ʨʸ ʫʨʨʩʸʱʵʲʵʹ ʯʭʰʯˀʬ˂ʴʵʩʰʹ
ʪʮʨʮʬ, ˄ʿʭʬʺʹ ˀʸʵʳʨ-ʪʨʸˇʨʹ; ʳʨʪʸʨʳ ʻʮʬʴʨʬʹʰ ʾʳʸʯʨʬʩʸʰʭʰ
ʶʰʸʵʭʴʬʩʰʹ ʳʨʸʨʫʰʻʲ ʳʹʨˆʻʸʹ ʹ˄ʵʸʬʫ ʬʹʳʰʹ ʯʨʭʰʹʰ
ʳʫʪʵʳʨʸʬʵʩʨ, ʨʳʰʺʵʳ ʪʨʴʻ˄ʿʭʬʺʲʰʭ ʹʨʽʳʰʨʴʵʩʹ - ʿʭʬʲʨʼʬʸʹ
ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹʨʯʭʰʹ ʨʱʬʯʬʩʹ ʫʨ ʨʳ ʹʨʳʹʨˆʻʸʰʹʨʹ ʳˆʵʲʵʫ
ʺʸʨʴʹ˂ʬʴʫʬʴʺʻʸʰ ʩʬʫʴʰʬʸʬʩʰʯ ʺʱʩʬʩʨ - ʹˆʭʨ ʸʨʳ ˀʬʫʬʪʰ
ʯʨʭʰʹʰ ʽʳʬʫʬʩʰʹʨ ʨʸ ʨʾʬʲʭʬʩʹ. ʭʰʴ˂ ʨʳ ʪʮʨʹ ʨʫʪʨʹ,
ʳʵʱʲʬʩʻʲʰʨ ʹʨʱʻʯʨʸ ʪʸ˃ʴʵʩʨʯʨ ʫʨʱʳʨʿʵʼʰʲʬʩʰʹʨʯʭʰʹ
ˀʼʵʯʭʨʹ ʫʨ ʺʨʴˇʭʨʹ. ˀʬʪʸ˃ʴʬʩʨ ʰʳʰʹʨ, ʸʵʳ ʰʪʰ ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ
ʳʨʸʨʫʰʻʲʰ ʳʹʨˆʻʸʰʨ, ʪʨ˄ʬʻʲʰ ˀʸʵʳʰʹ ʿʵʭʬʲʪʭʨʸʰ
ʳʵʻʲʵʫʴʬʲʰ ˀʬʫʬʪʰʹ ʳʰʳʨʸʯ ˀʬʻʭʨʲʹ ˆʫʰʹ.
ʲʬʽʹʰ 19
ʰʹ, ʭʰʴ˂ ʻʨʸʰ ʯʽʭʨ ʹʨʱʻʯʨʸ ʪʸ˃ʴʵʩʬʩʹ ʳʹʨˆʻʸʫʨ ʫʨʫʪʵʳʵʫʨ ʩʸ˃ʬʴʰʨ; ʹ˄ʨʭʲʻʲʴʰ ʨʹʬʯ ʱʨ˂ʮʬ ʨʳʩʵʩʬʴ: ˀʸʵʳʨʹ ʸʨ˂ ʳʵʹʫʬʭʹ,

2954

Tavi meoTxe – transcendenturi codna

ʹʻʲ ʬʸʯʰʨ ʳʰʹʯʭʰʹ, ʸʨʫʪʨʴ ʹʸʻʲʿʵʼʰʲʰ ˂ʵʫʴʰʹ ˂ʬ˂ˆʲˀʰʨ
ʪʨʳʵʩʸ˃ʳʬʫʰʲʰ.
ˀʰʴʨ-ʨʸʹʰ. ʳˆʵʲʵʫ ˂ʵʫʴʨʹʸʻʲ ʨʫʨʳʰʨʴʹ ˀʬʻ˃ʲʰʨ ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ
˂ʴʵʩʰʬʸʬʩʰʯ ʴʨʯʬʲʾʬʩʻʲʰ ʶʰʸʵʭʴʬʩʰʹ ʽ˂ʬʭʰʹ ʪʨʪʬʩʨ,
ʭʰʴʨʰʫʨʴ ʳʰʹ ˀʬʪʴʬʩʨˀʰ ʹʸʻʲʰʨʫ ʫʨʯʸʪʻʴʻʲʰʨ ʪʸ˃ʴʵʩʨʯʨ
ʫʨʱʳʨʿʵʼʰʲʬʩʰʹ ˄ʨʫʰʲʰ. ʯʰʯʽʵʹ ʳʨʴ ʻʱʭʬ ʪʨʨʺʨʸʨ ʯʨʭʰʹʰ
ˀʸʵʳʰʹ ˀʬʫʬʪʬʩʮʬ ʼʰʽʸʰ ʾʭʯʰʻʸʰ ʪʨʴʹʶʬʺʨʱʬʩʰʹ ˂ʬ˂ˆʲˀʰ ʫʨ
ʪʨʳʵʨ˄ʸʯʵ ʬʸʯʨʫʬʸʯʰ ʫʨ ʹʸʻʲʿʵʼʰʲʰ ʨʮʸʰ ʯʨʭʰʹʰ
ʨʸʹʬʩʵʩʰʹ ˀʬʹʨˆʬʩ - ʰʪʰ ʻʮʬʴʨʬʹʰ ʶʰʸʵʭʴʬʩʰʹ ʬʸʯʪʻʲʰ
ʳʹʨˆʻʸʰʨ!
˅ʬˀʳʨʸʰʺʨʫ ʪʨʴʹ˄ʨʭʲʻʲʰʨ ʰʹ, ʭʰʴ˂ ˂ʵʫʴʰʹ ʨʹʬʯ ʹʸʻʲʽʳʴʨʹ
ʳʰʨʾ˄ʰʨ. ʻʼʲʰʹʨʫʳʰ ʳʨʸʨʫʰʻʲʰ ʳʹʨˆʻʸʬʩʰʹ ˀʬʪʴʬʩʨ ˂ʬ˂ˆʲʹʨ
ˈʪʨʭʹ. ʨʪʰʮʪʰʮʫʬʩʨ ʨʹʬʯʰ ˂ʬ˂ˆʲʰ ʫʨ ˀʸʵʳʰʹ ʿʵʭʬʲ ˀʬʫʬʪʮʬ
ʼʰʽʸʰ ʫʨ ʫʨʸʫʰ˂ ʫʨʰʩʻʪʬʩʨ.
ʲʬʽʹʰ 20
ʹʨʽʳʰʨʴʵʩʰʹ ˀʬʫʬʪʬʩʰʹʨʫʳʰ ʳʰˇʨ˅ʭʻʲʵʩʰʹ ʻʨʸʳʿʵʼʬʲʰ,
ʳʻʫʨʳ ʱʳʨʿʵʼʰʲʰ ʫʨ ʫʨʳʵʻʱʰʫʬʩʬʲʰʨ. ʰʪʰ ʴʰʨʫʨʪ ˀʸʵʳʵʩʹ,
ʰʾ˄ʭʰʹ, ʹʨʽʳʰʨʴʵʩʹ, ʵʾʵʴʫ ʿʵʭʬʲʪʭʨʸʰ ʱʨʸʳʰʻʲʰ
ʫʨʰʴʺʬʸʬʹʬʩʰʹ ʪʨʸʬˀʬ.
ˀʰʴʨ-ʨʸʹʰ. ʳʵʽʳʬʫʬʩʨʯʨ ʺʿʭʬʵʩʰʫʨʴ ʨʹʬʯʰ ʪʨʴʯʨʭʰʹʻʼʲʬʩʨ
ʳˆʵʲʵʫ ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ ˂ʴʵʩʰʬʸʬʩʨˀʰʨ ˀʬʹʨ˃ʲʬʩʬʲʰ, ʸʵʫʬʹʨ˂
ʨʫʨʳʰʨʴʰ ʿʭʬʲʨʼʬʸʹ ʻʮʬʴʨʬʹʰ ʶʰʸʵʭʴʬʩʰʹʨʫʳʰ ˄ʳʰʴʫʨ
ʹʰʿʭʨʸʻʲʰʹ ʪʨʳʵ ʨʱʬʯʬʩʹ. ʨʳʰʺʵʳ ʳʨʹ ʵʫʴʨʭʨʫʨ˂ ʨʸ ʰʮʰʫʨʭʹ
ʯʨʭʰʹʰ ʳʵʾʭʨ˄ʬʵʩʰʹ ˀʬʫʬʪʬʩʰ. ʨʹʬʯʰ ʨʫʨʳʰʨʴʰ ʨʸ ʼʰʽʸʵʩʹ
ʸʵʪʵʸ ʳʵʬ˄ʿʵʹ, ʸʵʪʵʸ ʪʨʰʺʨʴʵʹ ʯʨʭʰ, ʭʰʴʨʰʫʨʴ ʿʭʬʲʨʼʬʸʰ
ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ ʳʰʨʴʫʵ; ʳʨʹ ʨʸ ʨʾʬʲʭʬʩʹ ʰʳʰʹ ʫʨʮʾʭʬʭʨ ʫʨ ʫʨ˂ʭʨ,
ʸʨʹʨ˂ ʻʱʭʬ ʼʲʵʩʹ. ʳʯʬʲʰ ʪʻʲʳʵʫʪʰʴʬʩʰʯ ʨʹʸʻʲʬʩʹ
ʳʵʭʨʲʬʵʩʨʹ ʫʨ ʸʨʹʨ˂ ʳʵʰ˅ʭʬ˅ʹ, ʿʭʬʲʨʼʬʸʹ ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ ʻʺʵʭʬʩʹ.
ʳʰˇʨ˅ʭʻʲʵʩʰʹ ʻʨʸʳʿʵʼʬʲʰ ʨʹʬʯʰ ʶʰʸʵʭʴʬʩʨ ʳʻʫʨʳ
ʯʨʭʰʹʻʼʨʲʰʨ ʫʨ ʨʸʨʫ ʨʪʫʬʩʹ, ʸʨ ʳʵˈʿʭʬʩʨ ʳʰʹ ʹʨʽʳʰʨʴʵʩʨʹ. ʰʹʬ
ʰʽ˂ʬʭʨ, ʯʰʯʽʵʹ ʨʸʨʼʬʸʹ ʨʱʬʯʬʩʫʬʹ. ʬʹ ʨʸʰʹ ʨʱʨʸʳʨʹ, ʨʴʻ
ʱʨʸʳʰʻʲ ʫʨʰʴʺʬʸʬʹʬʩʨʹ ʳʵʱʲʬʩʻʲʰ ʹʨʽʳʰʨʴʵʩʰʹ ʴʰˀʨʴʰ.

3054

Tavi meoTxe – transcendenturi codna

ʨʳʰʺʵʳ ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ ˂ʴʵʩʰʬʸʬʩʰʹ ʪʨʸʬˀʬ ʴʬʩʰʹʳʰʬʸʰ ʹʨʽʳʰʨʴʵʩʨ
ʯʨʭʰʹ ʺʿʭʬʫ ˆʫʰʹ ˀʬʳʹʸʻʲʬʩʬʲʹ, ʸʨ˂ ʸʵʪʵʸ˂ ʪʨʴʳʨʸʺʬʩʻʲ
ʰʽʴʨ, ʭʰʱʨʸʳʨʹ ʨˆʨʹʰʨʯʬʩʹ.
ʲʬʽʹʰ 21
ʨʹʬʯ ˂ʴʵʩʰʬʸʬʩʨʹ ʮʰʨʸʬʩʻʲʰ ʨʫʨʳʰʨʴʰ ʹʸʻʲʨʫ
ʫʨʰʳʵʸˁʰʲʬʩʹ ˅ʱʻʨ-ʪʵʴʬʩʨʹ, ʻʨʸʹ ʨʳʩʵʩʹ ʿʵʭʬʲʪʭʨʸʰ
ʹʨʱʻʯʸʬʩʰʹ ʳʵˆʭʬ˅ʨʮʬ ʫʨ ʰʾ˄ʭʰʹ ʳˆʵʲʵʫ ʰʳʰʹʯʭʰʹ, ʸʨ˂
ʹʰ˂ʵ˂ˆʲʰʹʯʭʰʹ ʨʻ˂ʰʲʬʩʬʲʰʨ. ʨʳʰʹ ˀʬʫʬʪʨʫ ʳʨʹ ˂ʵʫʭʰʹ
ʺʭʰʸʯʰ ʨʸ ʻʳ˃ʰʳʬʩʹ ʹʻʲʹ.
ˀʰʴʨ-ʨʸʹʰ. ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ ˂ʴʵʩʰʬʸʰ ʶʰʸʵʭʴʬʩʨ ʨʸ ʪʨʳʵʬʲʰʹ ʯʨʭʰʹʰ
ʳʵʽʳʬʫʬʩʰʫʨʴ ʱʨʸʪ ʨʴ ˂ʻʫ ˀʬʫʬʪʬʩʹ. ʯʨʭʰʹʰ ˂ʴʵʩʰʬʸʬʩʰʹ
ʹʨʫʨʭʬʬʩʰ ˆʬʲʯ ʻʶʿʸʰʨ ʫʨ ʰ˂ʰʹ, ʸʵʳ ʰʪʰ ʻʼʲʰʹ, ʸʵʪʵʸ˂
ʳʯʬʲʰʹ, ʪʨʴʻʿʵʼʬʲʰ ʴʨ˄ʰʲʰʨ - ʸʨʹʨ˂ ʰʽʳʹ, ʳʰʹʰ ʴʨʳʵʽʳʬʫʨʸʰ
ʱʰ ʨʸ ʨʸʰʹ, ʨʸʨʳʬʫ ʻʼʲʰʹʨ - ʯʨʭʨʫ ʱʰ ʳʰʹʰ ʴʬʩʰʯ ʹʨʽʳʰʨʴʵʩʹ.
ˆʬʲʰʹ ʳʵ˃ʸʨʵʩ ʳʯʬʲʰ ʹˆʬʻʲʰʹ ˃ʨʲʰʯ ˆʫʬʩʨ.
ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ ˂ʴʵʩʰʬʸʰ ʶʰʸʵʭʴʬʩʨ ʻʮʬʴʨʬʹʰʹ ʹʻʸʭʰʲʯʨ
ʨʾʳʹʸʻʲʬʩʬʲʰʨ, ʭʰʴʨʰʫʨʴ ʻʱʭʬ ʫʨʨʳʨʸ˂ˆʨ ʹʨʱʻʯʨʸ ʪʸ˃ʴʵʩʨʯʨ
ʫʨʱʳʨʿʵʼʰʲʬʩʰʹ ʳʵʯˆʵʭʴʰʲʬʩʨ. ʰʪʰ ʳʵ˃ʸʨʵʩʹ ʳʨʴʽʨʴʰʹ
ʴʨ˄ʰʲʰʹ ʳʹʪʨʭʹʨʫ; ʯʨʭʰʹʰ ˀʸʵʳʰʯ ʰʴʨˆʨʭʹ ʯʨʭʹ ʳˆʵʲʵʫ
ʰʳʰʹʨʯʭʰʹ, ʸʵʳ ʻʼʲʰʹ ʺʸʨʴʹ˂ʬʴʫʬʴʺʻʸʰ ʹʨʹʰʿʭʨʸʻʲʵ
ʹʨʳʹʨˆʻʸʰʹʨʯʭʰʹ ˃ʨʲʨ ʫʨ ʳʫʪʵʳʨʸʬʵʩʨ ˈʽʵʴʫʬʹ. ʳʨʹ,
˂ˆʵʭʬʲʰʹ ʳʹʪʨʭʹʨʫ, ʹʨʱʻʯʸʬʩʰʹ ʨʸʨʭʰʯʨʸʰ ʻʼʲʬʩʨ ʨʸ ʨʽʭʹ
ʯʨʭʰʹ ʹˆʬʻʲʮʬ˂ ʱʰ. ʮʵʪˇʬʸ ʩʵʸʵʺʰ ʶʨʺʸʵʴʰ ʱʲʨʭʹ ʹʨʱʻʯʨʸ
˂ˆʵʭʬʲʹ, ʰʹ ʱʰ ˄ʰʴʨʨʾʳʫʬʪʵʩʨʹ ʨʸ ʻ˄ʬʭʹ. ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ ˂ʴʵʩʰʬʸ
ʶʰʸʵʭʴʬʩʨʹ, ʸʵʳʬʲʰ˂ ʳʯʲʰʨʴʨʫ ʯʭʰʯˀʬ˂ʴʵʩʰʯʨʨ
ʫʨʱʨʭʬʩʻʲʰ, ʫʸʵ ʨʸ ʸˁʬʩʨ ʰʳʰʹʨʯʭʰʹ, ʸʵʳ ʳʵʰʶʵʭʵʹ ʸʨʰʳʬ
ʳʰ˄ʰʬʸʰ ʹʰʳʫʰʫʸʬ, ʫʨʨʪʸʵʭʵʹ ʫʨ ʫʨʰ˂ʭʨʹ ʰʪʰ. ʹˆʬʻʲʰʹʨ ʫʨ
ʹʻʲʰʹ ˀʬʹʨʴʨʸˁʻʴʬʩʲʨʫ ʨʸ ʫʨʨʫʪʬʩʨ ʹʰʿʨʲʩʰʹ ʪʮʨʹ, ʨʸ˂
ʹ˅ʰʸʫʬʩʨ ʻʶʨʺʰʵʹʴʵʫ ʴʨˀʵʭʴʰ ʼʻʲʰ. ʨʳʰʺʵʳʨ˂
ʳʨʺʬʸʰʨʲʻʸʰ ˂ʵʫʭʬʩʰʯ ʨʸ ʨʸʰʹ ʫʨʳ˃ʰʳʬʩʻʲʰ. ʰʪʰ
ʪʨʴʯʨʭʰʹʻʼʲʬʩʻʲʰʨ ʹʨʱʻʯʨʸ ʳʵʽʳʬʫʬʩʨʯʨ ʿʵʭʬʲʪʭʨʸ
ˀʬʫʬʪʮʬ ˀʼʵʯʭʨ-ʮʸʻʴʭʰʹʨʪʨʴ.

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ʲʬʽʹʰ 22
ʭʰʹʨ˂ ʨʱʳʨʿʵʼʰʲʬʩʹ ʻʮʸʻʴʭʬʲʨʫ ʴʨˀʵʭʴʰ, ʭʰʴ˂ ʳʵʬʸʰʨ
ʵʸʳʨʪʵʩʰʹʨ ʫʨ ˀʻʸʰʹ ʪʸ˃ʴʵʩʨʹ, ʭʰʴ˂ ʻʸʿʬʭʰʨ ˄ʨʸʳʨʺʬʩʰʹʨ ʫʨ
ʫʨʳʨʸ˂ˆʬʩʰʹ ʫʸʵʹ, ʯʨʭʰʹʻʼʨʲʰʨ ʫʨ ʨʸʨʹʵʫʬʹ ʬʽ˂ʬʭʨ ʹʨʱʻʯʨʸ
ʽʳʬʫʬʩʨʯʨ ʺʿʭʬʵʩʨˀʰ.
ˀʰʴʨ-ʨʸʹʰ. ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ ˂ʴʵʩʰʬʸʰ ʨʫʨʳʰʨʴʰ ʩʬʭʸʹ ʨʸ ˀʸʵʳʵʩʹ
ʹʨʱʻʯʨʸʰ ʯʨʭʰʹʨʯʭʰʹ; ʱʳʨʿʵʼʰʲʰʨ ʰʳʰʯ, ʸʨ˂ ˆʬʲʯ
ˁʨʻʭʨʸʫʬʩʨ. ʰʹ ʨʸ˂ ʳʨʯˆʵʭʸʵʩʹ ʫʨ ʨʸ˂ ʭʨʲʹ ʰʾʬʩʹ: ʿʭʬʲʨʼʬʸʹ
ʶʨʺʰʵʹʴʨʫ ʨʱʬʯʬʩʹ ʫʨ ʱʳʨʿʵʼʰʲʫʬʩʨ ʨʹʬʯʰ ˀʸʵʳʰʯ
ʳʰʾʬʩʻʲʰ ʹʨʸˁʵʯʰ. ʨʸʨʭʰʹ ʬʳʹʨˆʻʸʬʩʨ, ʯʻʱʰ ʬʹ ˆʬʲʹ ʻˀʲʰʹ
ʳʰʹ ʬʸʯʪʻʲʬʩʨʹ ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ ʳʰʳʨʸʯ. ʻʼʲʰʹʯʭʰʹ ʪʨʸˇʨ ʨʸ
ʫʨʬʮʨʸʬʩʨ, ʹʨʽʳʰʨʴʵʩʹ ʰʹʬ, ʸʵʳ ʨʸʨʼʸʨʫ ʳʰʨˁʴʰʨ ʳʨʺʬʸʰʨʲʻʸʰ
ʹʨʳʿʨʸʵʹ ʵʸʳʨʪʵʩʨʴʰ.
ʳʨʺʬʸʰʨʲʻʸʰ ʹʨʳʿʨʸʵʹ ʵʸʳʨʪʵʩʨ ʨʾʰʽʳʬʩʨ ʹʰʯʩʵʹʨ ʫʨ
ʹʰ˂ʰʭʰʹ, ʻʩʬʫʻʸʬʩʰʹʨ ʫʨ ʩʬʫʴʰʬʸʬʩʰʹ ʫʨ ʹˆʭʨʯʨ ʹʨˆʰʯ.
ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ ˂ʴʵʩʰʬʸʰ ʶʰʸʵʭʴʬʩʨ ʵʸʳʨʪʵʩʨʮʬ ʳʨʾʲʨ ʫʪʨʹ.
ʭʰʴʨʰʫʨʴ ʻʿʵʿʳʨʴʵʫ ʨʹʸʻʲʬʩʹ ʴʬʩʰʹʳʰʬʸ ʳʵʽʳʬʫʬʩʨʹ ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ
ʫʨʱʳʨʿʵʼʰʲʬʩʰʹ ʳʰʹʨʾ˄ʬʭʨʫ, ʨʳʰʺʵʳ ʪʻʲˀʬʻʫʸʬʱʬʲʨʫ
ˆʭʫʬʩʨ ʪʨʳʨʸˇʭʬʩʨʹʨ˂ ʫʨ ʫʨʳʨʸ˂ˆʬʩʨʹʨ˂. ʬʹ ʳʨˀʰʴ ˆʫʬʩʨ,
ʸʵʫʬʹʨ˂ ʨʫʨʳʰʨʴʰ ʹʸʻʲ ʺʸʨʴʹ˂ʬʴʫʬʴʺʻʸ ʹʰʩʸ˃ʴʬʹ ʼʲʵʩʹ.
ʲʬʽʹʰ 23
ʨʫʨʳʰʨʴʰ, ʸʵʳʲʰʹ ˀʸʵʳʨ ˀʬʩʵʸʱʰʲʰ ʨʸ ʨʸʰʹ ʳʨʺʬʸʰʨʲʻʸʰ
ʩʻʴʬʩʰʹ ʳʵʫʻʹʬʩʰʯ ʫʨ ʯʨʭʨʫʨ˂ ʻʼʲʰʹʳʰʬʸ ʹʰʩʸ˃ʴʬʹ
ʫʨʻʼʲʬʩʰʨ, ʳʯʲʰʨʴʨʫ ʰ˃ʰʸʬʩʨ ʺʸʨʴʹ˂ʬʴʫʬʴʺʻʸ ʴʬʺʨʸʬʩʨˀʰ.
ˀʰʴʨ-ʨʸʹʰ. ʸʵʫʬʹʨ˂ ˂ʵ˂ˆʨʲʰ ʨʸʹʬʩʨ ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ ˂ʴʵʩʰʬʸʬʩʨʳʫʬ
ʳʨʾʲʫʬʩʨ, ʯʨʭʰʹʻʼʲʫʬʩʨ ʿʵʭʬʲʪʭʨʸʰ ʵʸʳʨʪʵʩʰʹʨʪʨʴ ʫʨ
ʰ˄ʳʰʴʫʬʩʨ ʳʨʺʬʸʰʨʲʻʸʰ ʳʵʫʻʹʬʩʰʹ ʹʰʩʰʲ˄ʰʹʨʪʨʴ. ʳʨʴ
ˀʬʰ˃ʲʬʩʨ ʪʨʴʯʨʭʰʹʻʼʲʬʩʨʹ ʳʰʨʾ˄ʰʵʹ, ʭʰʴʨʰʫʨʴ ʪʨʨ˂ʴʵʩʰʬʸʨ
ʹʨʱʻʯʨʸʰ ʨʫʪʰʲʰ ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹʯʨʴ ʻʸʯʰʬʸʯʵʩʨˀʰ; ʳʰʹʰ
˂ʴʵʩʰʬʸʬʩʨ ʹʨʳʨʸʨʫʷʨʳʵʫ ˀʬʬʴʰʭʯʨ ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ ˂ʴʵʩʰʬʸʬʩʨʹ ʫʨ
ʳʰʹʰ ˁʨʳʵ˂ʰʲʬʩʨ ˀʬʻ˃ʲʬʩʬʲʰʨ. ʨʹʬʯʰ ʹʰʩʸ˃ʴʰʯ

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ʪʵʴʬʩʨʪʨʴʨʯʬʩʻʲʰ ʿʭʬʲʨʼʬʸʹ ʻ˃ʾʭʴʰʹ ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ, ʸʵʳʬʲʰ˂
ʯʨʭʫʨʶʰʸʭʬʲʰ ʭʰˀʴʻʨ. ˀʬʰ˃ʲʬʩʨ ʰʯʽʭʨʹ, ʸʵʳ ʴʬʩʰʹʳʰʬʸʰ
ˀʸʵʳʨ ʫʨ ʳʵʾʭʨ˄ʬʵʩʨ ʳʹˆʭʬʸʶʲˀʬ˄ʰʸʭʨʹ ˈʪʨʭʹ;
ʳʹˆʭʬʸʶʲˀʬ˄ʰʸʭʨ ˆʵʳ ʿʵʭʬʲʯʭʰʹ ʳʰʳʨʸʯʻʲʰʨ ʻʮʬʴʨʬʹ
ʶʰʸʵʭʴʬʩʰʹ, ʭʰˀʴʻʹ ʹʨʹʰʨʳʵʭʴʵʫ. ʻʫʨʭʵʨ, ʸʵʳ ʨʳʰʹ ˀʬʫʬʪʨʫ
ʳʨʹ ʨʾʨʸ ʨ˄ʻˆʬʩʹ ʳʰ˄ʰʬʸʰ ʿʵʼʰʬʸʬʩʰʹ ˀʬʫʬʪʬʩʰ ʫʨ ʯʨʴʫʨʯʨʴ
ʺʸʨʴʹ˂ʬʴʫʬʴʺʻʸʰ ʩʬʫʴʰʬʸʬʩʰʹ ʳʵʸʬʭˀʰ ʰ˃ʰʸʬʩʨ.
ʲʬʽʹʰ 24
ʶʰʸʵʭʴʬʩʨ, ʸʵʳʲʰʹ ʨʸʹʬʩʨ ʳʯʲʰʨʴʨʫ ʫʨʻʶʿʸʰʨ ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ
˂ʴʵʩʰʬʸʬʩʨʹ, ʿʭʬʲʨʼʬʸʹ ʹ˄ʰʸʨʭʹ ʹʻʲʰʬʸ ʨʳʨʾʲʬʩʨʹ ʫʨ ʳʰʹʰ
ˀʬʴʨ˄ʰʸʰ˂ ʨʩʹʵʲʻʺʻʸʰ ʹʻʲʰʬʸʬʩʰʯ ʨʸʰʹ ʨʾʩʬ˅ʫʰʲʰ
ʻʹʨʯʻʵʫ ʫʨʳʱʭʰʫʸʫʬʩʨ ʻʼʲʰʹ ʹʨʹʻʼʬʭʬʲˀʰ.
ˀʰʴʨ-ʨʸʹʰ. ʨʽ ʨʾ˄ʬʸʰʲʰʨ ʪʮʨ, ʸʵʳʲʰʯʨ˂ ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ ˂ʴʵʩʰʬʸʬʩʰʯ
ʳʰʾ˄ʬʻʲ ʳʵʽʳʬʫʬʩʬʩʹ ˂ʵ˂ˆʨʲʰ ʨʸʹʬʩʨ ʹʨʩʵʲʵʵ ʹʻʲʰʬʸ
ʳʰʮʴʨʳʫʬ ʳʰˈʿʨʭʹ. ʹʻʲʰʬʸʰ ʹʸʻʲʿʵʼʰʲʬʩʰʹʨʯʭʰʹ ʨʯʨʹʪʭʨʸʰ
ʹʨʽʳʰʨʴʵʩʨ ʨʸʹʬʩʵʩʹ ʫʨ ʿʵʭʬʲʰ ʳʨʯʪʨʴʰ ʪʨʴˆʰʲʻʲʰ ʰʽʴʬʩʨ
ʳʵʳʫʬʭʴʵ ʲʬʽʹʬʩˀʰ. ˇʬʸˇʬʸʵʩʰʯ ʱʰ ʳˆʵʲʵʫ ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ
˂ʴʵʩʰʬʸʬʩʰʹ ʶʸʰʴ˂ʰʶʬʩʹ ʨʾʭ˄ʬʸʯ.
ʳʨʺʬʸʰʨʲʻʸʰ ʻ˄ʳʰʴʫʻʸʵʩʰʹ ʺʿʭʬʽʳʴʰʲʰ ʪʨʴʶʰʸʵʩʬʩʻʲʰ
ʹʻʲʰ ʭʨʲʫʬʩʻʲʰʨ, ʯʨʭʰ ʫʨʨʾ˄ʰʵʹ ʳʰ˄ʰʬʸ ʿʵʼʰʬʸʬʩʨʹ. ʨʳ
ʶʸʵ˂ʬʹʰʹ ˄ʨʸʳʳʨʸʯʭʬʲʰ ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ ˂ʴʵʩʰʬʸʬʩʨʨ. ʳʨʪʨʲʰʯʨʫ,
ʨʭʨʫʳʿʵʼʰ, ʸʵʳʬʲʰ˂ ʸ˃ʰʹ ʸʵʳʬʲʰʳʬ ʴʨ˄ʨʸʳʰʹ ˅ʨʸʩʨʫ ʳʰʾʬʩʰʹ
ʪʨʳʵ ʴʨ˄ʲʨʭʯʨ ʹʴʬʻʲʬʩʰʯ ʰʺʨʴˇʬʩʨ, ˀʬʰ˃ʲʬʩʨ ʰʳʨʭʬ ʸ˃ʰʹ
ʴʨ˄ʨʸʳʰʯ, ʱʬʸ˃ʵʫ ˆʨ˅ʵʯʰ, ʪʨʴʰʱʻʸʴʵʹ. ʳʰ˄ʰʬʸʬʩʰʹ ʳʵʸʬʭˀʰ
ˁʨʼʲʻʲʰ ʹʴʬʻʲʰ ʹʻʲʰ ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ ˂ʴʵʩʰʬʸʬʩʰʯ ʰʱʻʸʴʬʩʨ,
ʸʵʪʵʸ˂ ʬʹ “ʪʰʺʨˀʰʨ” ʪʨʴˆʰʲʻʲʰ. ʨʳ ʶʸʵ˂ʬʹʬʩʹ ʮʵʪʨʫʨʫ
ʬ˄ʵʫʬʩʨ ʰʨˇʴʨ ʨʴʻ ʳʹˆʭʬʸʶʲˀʬ˄ʰʸʭʨ - ʪʨʴʱʻʯʭʴʰʲʰ ʳˆʵʲʵʫ
ʭʰˀʴʻʹ ʨʴʻ ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ ʫʨʹʨʱʳʨʿʵʼʰʲʬʩʲʨʫ.
ʳʨʺʬʸʰʨʲʻʸ ʹʨʳʿʨʸʵˀʰ ʸʨ˂ ʻʼʸʵ ˆˀʰʸʨʫ ʹʸʻʲʫʬʩʨ
ʹʨʽʳʰʨʴʵʩʬʩʰ ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ ˂ʴʵʩʰʬʸʬʩʰʯ, ʨʴʻ ʳˆʵʲʵʫ ʭʰˀʴʻʹʨʯʭʰʹ,
ʶʰʸʵʭʴʬʩʰʹ ʹʸʻʲʽʳʴʰʹ ˀʬʫʬʪʨʫ ʹʻʲʰʬʸʫʬʩʨ ʯʭʰʯ ʪʨʸʬʳʵ˂.
ʹʰʺʿʭʨ ʩʸʨˈʳʨ (ʩʸʨˈʳʨʴʰ) “ʹʻʲʰʬʸʹ” ʴʰˀʴʨʭʹ. ʻʼʨʲʰ ʹʻʲʰʬʸʰʨ

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ʫʨ ʳʰʹʰ ʺʸʨʴʹ˂ʬʴʫʬʴʺʻʸʰ ʹˆʬʻʲʰʹ ʹˆʰʭʵʹʴʬʩʨʹ,
ʩʸʨˈʳʨˇʰʵʺʹ, ʳʰʹʰ ʹʻʲʰʬʸʰ ʴʨʯʬʲʰ ʬ˄ʵʫʬʩʨ. ʿʵʭʬʲ
ʨʸʹʬʩʻʲʹ ʨʳ ʩʸʨˈʳʨˇʰʵʺʰʹ ˀʻʽʰ ʨʴʨʯʬʩʹ, ʳʨʪʸʨʳ ʸʵʫʬʹʨ˂
ˇʰʵʺʰ ʰʲʻʮʰʰʯ (ʳʨʰʨʯʰ), ʨʴʻ ʪʸ˃ʴʵʩʨʯʨ ʫʨʱʳʨʿʵʼʰʲʬʩʰʯ
ʩʰʴʫʫʬʩʨ, ʰʪʰ ʳʨʺʬʸʰʨʲʻʸ ʳʩʷʻʺʨʭ ʹʨʴʯʲʨʫ ʰʽ˂ʬʭʨ.
ʨʳʸʰʪʨʫ, ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ ˂ʴʵʩʰʬʸʬʩʰʹʨʯʭʰʹ ˀʬʴʨ˄ʰʸʰʹ ˀʯʨʴʳʯʽʳʬʲʰ
˂ʬ˂ˆʲʰ, ˀʯʨʴʯʽʳʰʹ ʶʸʵ˂ʬʹʰ, ˀʬʳ˄ʰʸʭʬʲʰ ʫʨ ˀʬʫʬʪʰ, ʿʭʬʲʨ
ʬʸʯʨʫ ʩʸʨˈʳʨʴʰ, ʨʴʻ ʨʩʹʵʲʻʺʻʸʰ ˅ʬˀʳʨʸʰʺʬʩʨʨ.
ʳʨʰʨʯʰ ʫʨʼʨʸʻʲ ʨʩʹʵʲʻʺʻʸ ˅ʬˀʳʨʸʰʺʬʩʨʹ ʳʨʺʬʸʰʨ
ʬ˄ʵʫʬʩʨ. ʨʩʹʵʲʻʺʻʸ ˅ʬˀʳʨʸʰʺʬʩʨʹʯʨʴ ʱʨʭʱˀʰʸˀʰ ʳʨʺʬʸʰʨ
ʱʭʲʨʭ ʯʨʭʰʹ ʹʻʲʰʬʸ ʯʭʰʹʵʩʸʰʵʩʨʹ ʨʾʰʫʪʬʴʹ. ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ
˂ʴʵʩʰʬʸʬʩʨ ʨʸʰʹ ʶʸʵ˂ʬʹʰ ʰʲʻʮʰʻʸʰ ˂ˆʵʭʸʬʩʰʹ
ʫʨʱʨʭˀʰʸʬʩʰʹʨ ʩʸʨˈʳʨʴʰʹ, ʨʴʻ ʻʮʬʴʨʬʹʰʹ ˂ʴʵʩʰʬʸʬʩʨʹʯʨʴ.
ʸʵʫʬʹʨ˂ ʨʫʨʳʰʨʴʰʹ ˅ʱʻʨ ʹʸʻʲʰʨʫ ʫʨʴʯʽʳʻʲʰʨ ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ
˂ʴʵʩʰʬʸʬʩʨˀʰ, ʨʳʩʵʩʬʴ, ʸʵʳ ʰʪʰ ʹʨʳʨʫˈʰˀʰ, ʨʴʻ ʺʸʨʴʹˀʰ
ʰʳʿʵʼʬʩʨ. ʿʭʬʲʨʼʬʸʹ, ʸʨ˂ ʨʹʬʯʰ ʺʸʨʴʹ˂ʬʴʫʬʴʺʻʸʰ
˂ʴʵʩʰʬʸʬʩʰʯ ʹʸʻʲʫʬʩʨ, ʰʨˇʴʨ ʨʴʻ ʨʩʹʵʲʻʺʰʹʨʯʭʰʹ
ʳʹˆʭʬʸʶʲˀʬ˄ʰʸʭʨ ʬ˄ʵʫʬʩʨ. ʹʻʲʰʬʸʰ ˂ʴʵʩʰʬʸʬʩʰʹ ʨʳ
ʳʫʪʵʳʨʸʬʵʩʨˀʰ ˀʬʳ˄ʰʸʭʬʲʰ, ˀʬʴʨ˄ʰʸʰ, ˀʯʨʴʯʽʳʨ, ˂ʬʸʬʳʵʴʰʰʹ
ˀʬʳʹʸʻʲʬʩʬʲʰ ʫʨ ˀʬʫʬʪʰ, ʨʴʻ ʹʨʩʵʲʵʵ ʳʵʴʨʶʵʭʨʸʰ,
ʿʭʬʲʨʼʬʸʰ ʨʩʹʵʲʻʺʹ, ʻʮʬʴʨʬʹ ʩʸʨˈʳʨʴʹ ʬʸ˄ʿʳʰʹ. ʬʹ ʨʸʰʹ
ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ ˂ʴʵʩʰʬʸʬʩʨ, ʸʵʪʵʸ˂ ʶʸʵ˂ʬʹʰ.
ʲʬʽʹʰ 25
ʮʵʪʰ ʰʵʪʰ ʳʹˆʭʬʸʶʲˀʬ˄ʰʸʭʬʩʹ ʹʸʻʲʿʵʼʰʲʨʫ ʨʹʸʻʲʬʩʹ ʫʨ
ʨʳʰʹ ʹ˂ʬʳʹ ʯʨʿʭʨʴʹ ʴʨˆʬʭʨʸʾʳʬʸʯʬʩʹ, ʮʵʪʰʬʸʯʰ ʱʰ ʻʮʬʴʨʬʹʰ
ʩʸʨˈʳʨʴʰʹ ˂ʬ˂ˆʲʹ ʳʰʨʸʯʳʬʭʹ ˀʬʹʨ˄ʰʸʹ.
ˀʰʴʨ-ʨʸʹʰ. ʮʬʳʵʯ ʪʨʴˆʰʲʻʲʰʹ ʯʨʴʨˆʳʨʫ, ʳʨʹ, ʭʰʴ˂ ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ
˂ʴʵʩʰʬʸʬʩʨˀʰ ʨʹʸʻʲʬʩʹ ʳʵʭʨʲʬʵʩʬʩʹ, ʹʸʻʲʽʳʴʰʲʰ ʰʵʪʰ, ʨʴʻ
ʻʳʨʾʲʬʹʰ ʳʰʹʺʰʱʵʹʰ ʬ˄ʵʫʬʩʨ. ʬʸʯʴʰ ʳʹʪʨʭʹ
ʳʹˆʭʬʸʶʲˀʬ˄ʰʸʭʬʩʹ ʴʨˆʬʭʨʸʾʳʬʸʯʯʨ ʯʨʿʭʨʴʹʨ˂ʬʳʨʫ
ʨʹʸʻʲʬʩʬʴ, ʹˆʭʬʩʰ ʱʰ ʻʮʬʴʨʬʹ ʩʸʨˈʳʨʴʹ, ʨʴʻ ʻʮʬʴʨʬʹʰ ʻʼʲʰʹ
ʻʶʰʸʵʭʴʵ ʨʹʶʬʽʺʹ ʹ˄ʰʸʨʭʬʴ ʳʹˆʭʬʸʶʲʹ. ʨʳʸʰʪʨʫ, ˀʬʳ˄ʰʸʭʬʲʯʨ

3454

Tavi meoTxe – transcendenturi codna

ʳʰˆʬʫʭʰʯ ʹˆʭʨʫʨʹˆʭʨ ʹʨˆʰʯ ˆʫʬʩʨ ʳʹˆʭʬʸʶʲˀʬ˄ʰʸʭʨ.
ʹʰʴʨʳʫʭʰʲʬˀʰ, ˅ʬˀʳʨʸʰʺʰ ʳʹˆʭʬʸʶʲˀʬ˄ʰʸʭʨ ʻʮʬʴʨʬʹʰ ʻʼʲʰʹ,
ʭʰˀʴʻʹ ʫʨʱʳʨʿʵʼʰʲʬʩʨʹ ʴʰˀʴʨʭʹ, ʸʵʳʬʲʰ˂ ˂ʴʵʩʰʲʰʨ ʰʨˇʴʨʹ
ʹʨˆʬʲʰʯʨ˂.
ʹˆʭʨʫʨʹˆʭʨ ʹʨˆʰʹ ʳʹˆʭʬʸʶʲˀʬ˄ʰʸʭʨ ˀʬʰ˃ʲʬʩʨ ʵʸ ˃ʰʸʰʯʨʫ
ˇʪʻʼʨʫ ʫʨʭʿʵʯ, ʱʬʸ˃ʵʫ: ʨʳʽʭʬʿʴʰʻʸʰ ʽʵʴʬʩʨ-ʶʨʺʰʭʰʹʨʯʭʰʹ
ʫʨ ʺʸʨʴʹ˂ʬʴʫʬʴʺʻʸʰ ʹʰʩʸ˃ʴʰʹ ˀʬ˃ʬʴʰʹʨʯʭʰʹ ʪʨʴʱʻʯʭʴʰʲ
ʳʹˆʭʬʸʶʲˀʬ˄ʰʸʭʬʩʨʫ. ʰʹʰʴʰ, ʭʰʴ˂ ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ ˂ʴʵʩʰʬʸʬʩʰʹʨʱʬʴ
ʰʹ˄ʸʨʼʭʰʨʴ, ʯʨʭʰʨʴʯ ʴʰʭʯʰʬʸ ʹʨʱʻʯʸʬʩʨʹ ʻʮʬʴʨʬʹʰ ʻʼʲʰʹ
ʫʨʹʨʱʳʨʿʵʼʰʲʬʩʲʨʫ ʯʳʵʩʬʴ. ʹˆʭʬʩʰ ʱʰ - ˄ʨʸʳʨʭʨʲ ʳʰ˄ʰʬʸ
ʩʬʫʴʰʬʸʬʩʨʹ ʫʨˆʨʸʩʬʩʻʲʴʰ - ʯʨʭʰʨʴʯ ʽʵʴʬʩʨʹ ʰʹʬʯʰ
ʴʨˆʬʭʨʸʾʳʬʸʯʬʩʰʹ ʫʨʹʨʱʳʨʿʵʼʰʲʬʩʲʨʫ ʹ˄ʰʸʨʭʬʴ, ʸʵʪʵʸʬʩʰ˂
ʨʸʰʨʴ ʰʴʫʸʨ ʫʨ ʨ.ˀ. ʰʳʶʬʸʹʵʴʨʲʰʹʺʬʩʰ ʹʨʱʻʯʨʸ ʶʰʸʵʭʴʬʩʨʹ
ʹ˄ʰʸʨʭʬʴ ʻʳʨʾʲʬʹ ˂ʬ˂ˆʲʹ ʫʨ ʨʳʰʯ ʬʸ˄ʿʳʰʨʴ ʻʶʰʸʵʭʴʵ
ʩʸʨˈʳʨʴʹ.
ʴʨˆʬʭʨʸʾʳʬʸʯʬʩʰ ʻʮʬʴʨʬʹʰ ʻʼʲʰʹ ʳʰʬʸ ʫʨʴʰˀʴʻʲʰ
˃ʲʬʭʨʳʵʹʰʲʰ ˂ʵ˂ˆʨʲʰ ʨʸʹʬʩʬʩʰ ʨʸʰʨʴ, ʸʵʳʬʲʯʨ˂ ʬʭʨʲʬʩʨʹ
ʳʨʺʬʸʰʨʲʻʸʰ ʹʨʳʿʨʸʵʹ ˀʬʴʨʸˁʻʴʬʩʨ ʫʨ ʻʮʸʻʴʭʬʲʿʵʼʨ
ʪʨʯʩʵʩʰʯ, ˄ʿʲʰʯ, ʪʨʴʨʯʬʩʰʯ... ʳʵʪʬʩʰʯ ʫʨʰʴʺʬʸʬʹʬʩʻʲʴʰ
ʭʬʫʻʸʰ ʸʰʺʻʨʲʬʩʰʹ ʯʨʴʨˆʳʨʫ ʹˆʭʨʫʨʹˆʭʨ ʳʹˆʭʬʸʶʲˀʬ˄ʰʸʭʨʹ
ʨʹʸʻʲʬʩʬʴ ʫʨ ʯʨʿʭʨʴʹ ʹ˂ʬʳʬʴ ʴʨˆʬʭʨʸʾʳʬʸʯʬʩʹ. ʳʨʯ ˈʽʭʰʨʯ
ʩʨˈʭ-ʰˀʭʨʸʨ-ʭʨʫʬʩʰ, ʨʴʻ ʰʹʰʴʰ, ʭʰʹʨ˂ ʳʸʨʭʨʲʰ ʾʳʬʸʯʰ ʹ˄ʨʳʹ.
ʳʬʵʸʬʴʰ, ʸʵʳʲʬʩʰ˂ ʨʩʹʵʲʻʺʻʸʰ ˅ʬˀʳʨʸʰʺʬʩʰʹ ʻʶʰʸʵʭʴʵ
ʩʻʴʬʩʨʹ ʬʯʨʿʭʨʴʬʩʰʨʴ ʫʨ ʴʨˆʬʭʨʸʾʳʬʸʯʬʩʰ ˄ʨʸʳʨʭʨʲʨʫ
ʳʰʨˁʴʰʨʯ, ʻʳʨʾʲʬʹ ˂ʬ˂ˆʲʹ ʳʹˆʭʬʸʶʲʨʫ ʻ˃ʾʭʴʰʨʴ ʯʨʭʰʨʴʯ
ʰʴʫʰʭʰʫʻʨʲʻʸ ʳʬʵʩʨʹ, ʨʳʰʯ ʰʴʫʰʭʰʫʻʨʲʵʩʨʹ ʨʳʯʨʭʸʬʩʬʴ
ʫʨ ʬʸ˄ʿʳʰʨʴ ʻʮʬʴʨʬʹʰʹ ʿʵʼʰʬʸʬʩʨʹ.
ʮʵʪʰ ʫʸʵʹ ʼʰʲʵʹʵʼʰʻʸ ʹʶʬʱʻʲʨ˂ʰʬʩʮʬ ˆʨʸˇʨʭʹ, ʸʨʯʨ
ʻʮʬʴʨʬʹʰʹ ʺʸʨʴʹ˂ʬʴʫʬʴʺʻʸʰ ʩʻʴʬʩʨ ˀʬʰ˂ʴʵʹ. ʹˆʭʨ ʹʰʺʿʭʬʩʰʯ
ʸʵʳ ʭʯʽʭʨʯ, ʱʨʸʳʰʻʲʰ ʳʵʾʭʨ˄ʬʴʰ ʳʰ˄ʰʬʸʰ ʹʰʨʳʵʭʴʬʩʰʹʨʯʭʰʹ
ʳʹˆʭʬʸʶʲʨʫ ʰʾʬʩʬʴ ʯʨʭʰʨʴʯ ʹʨʪʴʵʩʸʰʭ ʹʨʱʻʯʸʬʩʨʹ,
ʰʳʶʬʸʹʵʴʨʲʰʹʺʰ ʳʹˆʭʬʸʶʲʨʫ ʯʳʵʩʹ ʯʨʭʰʹ ʳʨʺʬʸʰʨʲʻʸ
ʹʰʱʬʯʬʹ, ʸʨʯʨ ʻʮʬʴʨʬʹ ʿʵʼʰʬʸʬʩʨˀʰ ˁʨʰ˃ʰʸʵʹ. ʳʰʹʯʭʰʹ
ʳʹˆʭʬʸʶʲˀʬ˄ʰʸʭʰʹ ˂ʬ˂ˆʲʰʹ ʹʨʱʻʸʯˆʬʭʬʲʰ ʨʸʰʹ ʻʮʬʴʨʬʹʰ

3554

Tavi meoTxe – transcendenturi codna

ʩʸʨˈʳʨʴʰ, ˀʬʴʨ˄ʰʸʰ ʱʰ ʩʸʨˈʳʨʴʰʹ ˂ʬ˂ˆʲʰʯ ˀʯʨʴʯʽʳʻʲʰ
ʹʨʱʻʯʨʸʰ ʳʬʵʩʨ. ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ ˂ʴʵʩʰʬʸʰ ʶʰʸʵʭʴʬʩʨ, ʸʵʪʵʸʰ˂ ʨʸʰʹ
ʨʸˇʻʴʨ, ʳʰʹʰ ʫʨʱʳʨʿʵʼʰʲʬʩʰʹʨʯʭʰʹ ʿʭʬʲʨʼʬʸʹ ʳʹˆʭʬʸʶʲʨʫ
ʰʾʬʩʹ, ʳʯʬʲ ʯʨʭʰʹ ʳʨʺʬʸʰʨʲʻʸ ʹʨʱʻʯʸʬʩʨʹ ʫʨ
ʶʰʸʵʭʴʻʲʵʩʨʹʨ˂ ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ ʻ˃ʾʭʴʰʹ. ʨʳʸʰʪʨʫ, ʰʪʰ ʻʳʨʾʲʬʹʰ
ʰʵʪʰʨ.
ʲʬʽʹʰ 26
˄ʳʰʴʫʨ ʩʸʨˈʳʨˁʨʸʬʩʹ ˂ʴʵʩʰʬʸʬʩʰʹ ˂ʬ˂ˆʲˀʰ ˀʬʹʨ˄ʰʸʨʫ ʹʳʬʴʨ ʫʨ
ʪʸ˃ʴʵʩʬʩʰ ʳʰʨʽʭʯ ʳʹˆʭʬʸʶʲʨʫ, ʹˆʭʬʩʰ ʱʰ (ʭʰʴ˂ ʳʵ˄ʬʹʸʰʪʬʩʻʲ
ʹʨʵˇʨˆʵ ˂ˆʵʭʸʬʩʨʹ ʬ˄ʬʭʨ) ʪʸ˃ʴʵʩʨʯʨ ˂ʬ˂ˆʲʹ ʹʨʱʻʯʨʸ
ʹʻʸʭʰʲʬʩʹ ʹʯʨʭʨʮʵʩʬʴ.
ˀʰʴʨ-ʨʸʹʰ. ʨʫʨʳʰʨʴʰʹ ˂ˆʵʭʸʬʩʰʹ ʵʯˆʰʭʬ ʹʨˆʬʵʩʰʹ
˄ʨʸʳʵʳʨʫʪʬʴʲʬʩʰʹ, ʱʬʸ˃ʵʫ, ʩʸʨˈʳʨˁʨʸʬʩʰʹ, ʪʸʰˈʨʹʯˈʬʩʰʹ,
ʭʨʴʨʶʸʨʹʯˈʬʩʰʹʨ ʫʨ ʹʨʴʰʨʹʬʩʰʹ ʫʨʴʰˀʴʻʲʬʩʨʨ, ʹʸʻʲʿʵʼʰʲʰ
ʰʵʪʬʩʰ, ʨʴʻ ʺʸʨʴʹ˂ʬʴʫʬʴʺʨʲʰʹʺʬʩʰ ʪʨˆʫʴʬʴ. ʨʫʨʳʰʨʴʰʹ
ʹʰ˂ʵ˂ˆʲʰʹ ʨʮʸʰ ʪʸ˃ʴʵʩʨʯʨ ʫʨʱʳʨʿʵʼʰʲʬʩʨ ʨʸ ʨʸʰʹ, ʨʳʰʺʵʳʨ˂
ʨʾʴʰˀʴʻʲʰ ʵʯˆʰʭʬ ʹʨʼʬˆʻʸʰ ʬʳʹʨˆʻʸʬʩʨ ʹʸʻʲʿʵʼʰʲʬʩʰʹ
ʳʰʾ˄ʬʭʨʹ ʹʻʲʰʬʸ ˂ˆʵʭʸʬʩʨˀʰ. ʩʸʨˈʳʨˁʨʸʬʩʰ, ʨʴʻ ʳʵ˄ʨʼʬʬʩʰ,
ʸʵʳʲʬʩʰ˂ ˅ʬˀʳʨʸʰʺʰ ʹʻʲʰʬʸʰ ʳʵ˃ʾʭʸʰʹ ʮʬʫʨʳˆʬʫʭʬʲʵʩʰʹ
ʽʭʬˀ ˂ˆʵʭʸʵʩʬʴ, ʪʸ˃ʴʵʩʨʯʨ ʳʹʨˆʻʸʬʩʨʮʬ ʻʨʸʰʹ ʯʽʳʰʯ
ʰʳʵʸˁʰʲʬʩʬʴ ʹʨʱʻʯʨʸ ˅ʱʻʨʹ. ʩʸʨˈʳʨˁʨʸʰ ʰʹʳʬʴʹ ʳˆʵʲʵʫ ʰʳʨʹ,
ʸʨ˂ ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ ˂ʴʵʩʰʬʸʬʩʨʹ ʬˆʬʩʨ; ʳʵʹʳʬʴʨ ˀʬʳʬ˂ʴʬʩʰʹ ˃ʰʸʰʯʨʫʰ
ʹʨˀʻʨʲʬʩʨʨ, ʨʳʰʺʵʳ ˄ʳʰʴʫʨ ʩʸʨˈʳʨˁʨʸʰ ʳʯʲʰʨʴʨʫ
ʫʨʱʨʭʬʩʻʲʰʨ ʻʼʲʰʹ ʫʰʫʬʩʨʯʨ ʪʨʲʵʩʰʯʨ ʫʨ ʳʵʹʳʬʴʰʯ. ʰʪʰ
ʯʨʭʹ ʨʸʰʫʬʩʹ ʼʰʮʰʱʻʸ ʩʪʬʸʰʯ ʭʰʩʸʨ˂ʰʬʩʹ ʫʨ ʳʰʹʰ ʹʳʬʴʨ ˈʨʸʬ
ʱʸʰˀʴʨ, ˈʨʸʬ ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ ʺʸʨʴʹ˂ʬʴʫʬʴʺʻʸʰ ˆʳʰʨʴʵʩʰʯ ʨʸʰʹ ʹʨʭʹʬ.
ʹ˄ʵʸʬʫ ʨʹʬʭʬ, ʳʬʵˇʨˆʬʬʩʹ, ʸʵʳʬʲʯʨ˂ ʪʸ˃ʴʵʩʨʯʨ ʴʨ˄ʰʲʵʩʸʰʭʰ
ʫʨʱʳʨʿʵʼʰʲʬʩʰʹ ʻʼʲʬʩʨ ʬ˃ʲʬʭʨʯ, ʫʰʫʰ ʯʨʭˀʬʱʨʭʬʩʨ
ʳʨʸʯʬʩʯ. ʹʽʬʹʵʩʸʰʭʰ ˂ˆʵʭʸʬʩʨ, ʪʨʳʨʩʸʻʬʩʬʲʰ ʹʨˀʻʨʲʬʩʨʴʰ ʫʨ
ˆʵʸ˂ʰʹ ˅ʨʳʨ ʨʫʨʳʰʨʴʯʨ ʹʨʮʵʪʨʫʵʬʩʰʹ ʹʨʿʵʭʬʲʯʨʵ
ʳʰʫʸʬʱʰʲʬʩʬʩʰʨ, ʳʨʪʸʨʳ ʳʬʵˇʨˆʬ, ʸʵʳʬʲʰ˂ ʳʵ˄ʬʹʸʰʪʬʩʻʲ
˂ˆʵʭʸʬʩʨʹ ʬ˄ʬʭʨ, ʨʸ ʬʺʨʴʬʩʨ ˀʬʻʮʾʻʫʨʭ ʰʴʺʰʳʻʸ ˂ˆʵʭʸʬʩʨʹ

3654

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ʫʨ ʪʸ˃ʴʵʩʨʯʨ ʹˆʭʨ ʳˆʸʰʭ ʫʨʱʳʨʿʵʼʰʲʬʩʨʹ. ʸʬʲʰʪʰʻʸ
ʶʸʰʴ˂ʰʶʬʩʮʬ ʫʨʳʿʨʸʬʩʻʲʰ ʽʵʸ˄ʰʴʬʩʨ ʨʫʨʳʰʨʴʯʨ ʿʵʭʬʲ
˂ʰʭʰʲʰʮʬʩʻʲ ʹʨʮʵʪʨʫʵʬʩʨˀʰ ʪʭˆʭʫʬʩʨ, ʭʰʴʨʰʫʨʴ ʰʪʰ
ʪʨʳʵˆʨʺʨʭʹ ˀʬʮʾʻʫʻʲʰ ʹʽʬʹʵʩʸʰʭʰ ˂ˆʵʭʸʬʩʰʹ ʪʮʨʹ, ʸʨ˂
ʰʨˇʴʨʹ ʬʸʯ-ʬʸʯʰ ʹʨˆʬʨ. ʯʨʭˀʬʱʨʭʬʩʻʲʰ ʳʬʵˇʨˆʬ ʹʨʱʻʯʨʸʰ
ʪʻʲʰʹʯʽʳʰʹ ʳʰʫʸʬʱʰʲʬʩʬʩʹ ʻʼʸʵ ʳʨʾʨʲ, ʺʸʨʴʹ˂ʬʴʫʬʴʺʻʸ
˂ˆʵʭʸʬʩʨʹ ʹ˄ʰʸʨʭʹ.
ʲʬʽʹʰ 27
ʹˆʭʬʩʰ, ʸʵʳʲʬʩʰ˂ ˂ʴʵʩʰʬʸʬʩʰʹʨ ʫʨ ʪʸ˃ʴʵʩʬʩʰʹ ʳʨʸʯʭʰʯ
ʬʹ˄ʸʨʼʭʰʨʴ ʯʭʯʰˀʬ˂ʴʵʩʨʹ, ʹʨʱʻʯʨʸ ʪʸ˃ʴʵʩʬʩʹʨ ʫʨ
ʹʨʹʰ˂ʵ˂ˆʲʵ ʹʻʴʯʽʭʨʹ ʹ˄ʰʸʨʭʬʴ ʫʨʳʵʸˁʰʲʬʩʻʲʰ ˅ʱʻʰʹ
˂ʬ˂ˆʲʹ.
ˀʰʴʨ-ʨʸʹʰ. ʨʽ ʰʪʻʲʰʹˆʳʬʩʨ ʰʵʪʨʹ ʹʰʹʺʬʳʨ, ʸʵʪʵʸ˂ ʬʹ
ʶʨʺʨʴˇʨʲʰʹ ʬʹʳʵʫʨ. ʶʨʺʨʴˇʨʲʰʹ ʰʵʪʨ-ʹʻʺʸʨˀʰ ʹʻʲʹ
ʬ˄ʵʫʬʩʨ ʶʸʨʺʰʨʪ-ʨʺʳʨ˂ʨ ʫʨ ʶʨʸʨʪ-ʨʺʳʨ˂. ʹʨʴʨʳ ʹʻʲʰ ʪʸ˃ʴʵʩʨʯʨ
ʫʨʱʳʨʿʵʼʰʲʬʩʨʹʨʨ ʳʰˇʨ˅ʭʻʲʰ, ʳʨʹ ʶʨʸʨʪ-ʨʺʳʨ ʬ˄ʵʫʬʩʨ. ʳʨʪʸʨʳ
ʸʵʪʵʸ˂ ʱʰ ʰʪʰʭʬ ʹʻʲʰ ʨʰˆʹʴʰʹ ʨʳ ˀʬʳʩʵ˅ʨʭ ˇʨ˅ʭʹ, ʳʨʹ ʶʸʨʺʰʨʪʨʺʳʨ ˈʽʭʰʨ.
ʹʻʲʰ ʪʨʴʰ˂ʫʰʹ ʹˆʬʻʲˀʰ ʳʰʳʵʽ˂ʬʭʨʫʰ ʨʯʰ ʹʨˆʰʹ ʨʰʸʰʹ
ʽʳʬʫʨʩʨʯʨ ʪʨʭʲʬʴʨʹ, ʸʵʳʬʲʰ˂ ʨʾʰʽʳʬʭʨ ʹʻʴʽʭʰʹ ʶʸʵ˂ʬʹʨʫ.
ʶʨʺʨʴˇʨʲʰʹ ʰʵʪʨʹ ʹʰʹʺʬʳʨ ʹˆʬʻʲʰʹ ʨʰʸʯʨ ʽʳʬʫʬʩʬʩʰʹ
ʳʨʸʯʭʰʹ ʺʬʽʴʰʱʻʸ ʪʮʨʹ ʪʭʨʹ˄ʨʭʲʰʹ, ʸʨʯʨ ʹʨʩʵʲʵʵʫ
ʳʨʺʬʸʰʨʲʻʸʰ ʳʰˇʨ˅ʭʻʲʵʩʰʹʨʪʨʴ ʹʻʲʰʹ ʪʨʴ˄ʳʬʴʫʨʹ ˀʬʻ˄ʿʵʹ
ˆʬʲʰ. ʰʵʪʨʹ ʨʳ ʹʰʹʺʬʳʰʹ ʯʨʴʨˆʳʨʫ, ʹʨʩʵʲʵʵ ʳʰʮʨʴʹ
˄ʨʸʳʵʨʫʪʬʴʹ ʶʸʨʺʰʨʪ-ʨʺʳʨ. ʬʹ ʶʸʨʺʰʨʪ-ʨʺʳʨ ʳʰ˄ʰʬʸʬʩʰʹ
ʸʱʨʲˀʰ ˀʬʹʸʻʲʬʩʻʲ ʳʵʽʳʬʫʬʩʨʯʨ ʳʰʾʳʨʨ. ʪʸ˃ʴʵʩʬʩʰ
ʪʸ˃ʴʵʩʨʯʨ ʵʩʰʬʽʺʬʩʯʨʴ ʯʨʴʨʳʵʽʳʬʫʬʩʬʴ: ʿʻʸʰʯ ʰʹʳʬʴʬʴ,
ʯʭʨʲʰʯ ˆʬʫʨʭʬʴ, ˂ˆʭʰʸʰʯ ʿʴʵʹʨʭʬʴ, ʬʴʰʯ ʰʪʬʳʵʭʴʬʩʬʴ, ˆʬʲʰʯ
ʬˆʬʩʰʨʴ. ʨʳʫʬʴʨʫ, ʿʵʭʬʲʰ ʬʹ ʻʸʯʰʬʸʯʽʳʬʫʬʩʨ ʹʻʲʰʹ
ʼʨʸʪʲʬʩʰʹ ʳʰʾʳʨ ˆʫʬʩʨ. ʳʨʯ ʶʸʨʴʨ-ʭʨʰʻʹ ʽʳʬʫʬʩʬʩʰ ʬ˄ʵʫʬʩʨ.
ʨʶʨʴʨ-ʭʨʰʻ ʽʭʬʳʵʯ ʳʰʬʳʨʸʯʬʩʨ, ʭʰʨʴʨ-ʭʨʰʻ ˀʬʱʻʳˀʭʨʹʨ ʫʨ
ʪʨʼʨʸʯʵʬʩʨʹ ʰ˄ʭʬʭʹ, ʹʨʳʨʴʨ-ʭʨʰʻ ˄ʵʴʨʹ˄ʵʸʵʩʨʹ ʨʳʿʨʸʬʩʹ,

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ʻʫʨʴʨ-ʭʨʰʻ ʮʬʳʵʯ ʳʰʬʳʨʸʯʬʩʨ ʫʨ ʸʵʫʬʹʨ˂ ˂ʵ˂ˆʨʲʰ ʨʸʹʬʩʨ
ˀʰʴʨʪʨʴʨʫ ʪʨʹˆʰʭʵʹʴʫʬʩʨ, ʿʵʭʬʲ ʳʨʯʪʨʴʹ ʯʭʰʯˀʬ˂ʴʵʩʰʹʨʯʭʰʹ
ʻʿʸʰʹ ʯʨʭʹ.
ʲʬʽʹʰ 28
ʬʸʯʴʰ ʳʱʨ˂ʸʰ ʨʾʯʽʳʬʩʰʹ ˀʬʹʸʻʲʬʩʰʯ, ʹˆʭʨʴʰ ʹʨʱʻʯʸʬʩʰʹ
ʳʹˆʭʬʸʶʲʨʫ ʪʨʾʬʩʰʯ, ʮʵʪʴʰ ʨʹʱʬʺʰʮʳʰʹ ʪʨʭʲʰʯ, ʮʵʪʴʰ˂
ʸʭʨʹʨʼʬˆʻʸʰʨʴʰ ʳʰʹʺʰʻʸʰ ʰʵʪʨʹ ˄ʭʸʯʰʯ ʨʴ ʭʬʫʬʩʰʹ
ˀʬʹ˄ʨʭʲʰʯ ˀʰʴʨʪʨʴʨʫ ʪʨ˂ʰʹʱʸʵʭʴʫʬʩʰʨʴ ʫʨ ʺʸʨʴʹ˂ʬʴʫʬʴʺʻʸ
ʹʰʩʸ˃ʴʬʹ ʬʮʰʨʸʬʩʰʨʴ.
ˀʰʴʨ-ʨʸʹʰ. ʬʹ ʳʹˆʭʬʸʶʲˀʬ˄ʰʸʭʬʩʰ ˀʬʰ˃ʲʬʩʨ ʵʸ ʽʭʬˇʪʻʼʨʫ
ʫʨʰʿʵʹ: ʬʸʯʴʰ ʹˆʭʨʫʨʹˆʭʨ ʹʨˆʰʹ ʽʭʬʲʳʵʽʳʬʫʬʩʰʯ ʽʵʴʬʩʨʹ
ʪʨʰʾʬʩʬʴ ʳʹˆʭʬʸʶʲʨʫ. ʳʨʪʨʲʰʯʨʫ, ʰʴʫʵʬʯˀʰ ʳʫʰʫʨʸʰ
ʹʨʭʨ˅ʸʵ ʬʸʯʵʩʰʹ ʨʴ ʹʨʳʬʼʵ ʼʬʴʰʹ ˄ʨʸʳʵʳʨʫʪʬʴʲʬʩʰ ʳʸʨʭʲʨʫ
ʨʨʸʹʬʩʬʴ ʹʨʽʭʬʲʳʵʽʳʬʫʵ ʹʨʮʵʪʨʫʵʬʩʬʩʹ, ʸʵʪʵʸʰ˂ʨʨ ʫˈʨʸʳʨˀʨʲʨ, ʨʴʨ-ʱˀʬʺʸʨ, ʨʺʰʯˈʰ-ˀʨʲʨ ʫʨ ʭʰʫʰʨ-ʶʰʯˈʨ. ʹˆʭʨ
ʽʭʬʿʴʬʩˀʰ˂ ʳʸʨʭʨʲʰ ʨʹʬʯʰ ʹʨʨʭʨʫʳʿʵʼʵ, ʳʵˆʻ˂ʬʩʻʲʯʨ
ʯʨʭˀʬʹʨʼʨʸʰ ʫʨ ʳʹʪʨʭʹʰ ʫʨ˄ʬʹʬʩʻʲʬʩʨʨ ʫʨʨʸʹʬʩʻʲʰ. ʳʨʯʰ
ʳʰʮʨʴʰʨ ʪʨʳʵʱʭʬʩʵʴ ʾʨʸʰʩʬʩʰ, ʪʨʴʨʯʲʬʩʰʹ ʹʨˀʻʨʲʬʩʨ ʳʰʹ˂ʬʴ
ʫʨ ʹʨʳʬʫʰ˂ʰʴʵ ʫʨˆʳʨʸʬʩʨ ʨʾʳʵʻˁʰʴʵʴ ʻʶʵʭʨʸʯ. ʨʹʬʯ
ʹʨʽʭʬʲʳʵʽʳʬʫʵ ʹʨʮʵʪʨʫʵʬʩʨʹ ʫʸʨʭʰʨʳʨʰʨ-ʰʨˇʴʨ ʬ˄ʵʫʬʩʨ.
ʨʸʰʨʴ ʰʹʬʯʬʩʰ˂, ʸʵʳʲʬʩʰ˂ ʳʨʾʨʲʰ ʳʫʪʵʳʨʸʬʵʩʰʹ
ʳʰʹʨʾ˄ʬʭʨʫ ʨʴ ʹʨʳʿʨʸʵʹ ʳʨʾʨʲ ʶʲʨʴʬʺʨʮʬ ʳʵˆʭʬʫʸʰʹ ʳʰʮʴʰʯ
ʹʨʱʻʯʨʸʰ ʴʬʩʰʯ ʪʨʫʰʨʴ ʻʳʱʨ˂ʸʬʹ ʨʹʱʬʮʬʩʹ, ʸʵʪʵʸʰ˂ʨʨ
ˁʨʴʫʸʨʰʨʴʨ ʨʴ ˁʨʺʻʸʳʨʹʰʨ. ʨʹʬʯ ʫʸʵʹ ˆʵʭʸʬʩʨ ʹʨʹʺʰʱʰ
˄ʬʹʬʩʰʯ ʻʴʫʨ ˄ʨʸʰʳʨʸʯʵʹ ʫʨ ʨʾʯʽʳʬʩʰ ʳʯʬʲʰ ʪʻʲʰʹʿʻʸʰʯ
ˀʬʹʸʻʲʫʬʹ. ʳʨʪʨʲʰʯʨʫ, ˁʨʺʻʸʳʨʹʰʨʹ ʨʾʯʽʳʰʹʨʹ ʨʫʨʳʰʨʴʰ
˄ʬʲʰ˄ʨʫˀʰ ʵʯˆʰ ʯʭʰʹ ʳʨʴ˃ʰʲʮʬ (ʰʭʲʰʹʰʫʨʴ ʵʽʺʵʳʩʸʨʳʫʬ)
˄ʭʬʸʹ ʨʸ ʰʶʨʸʹʨʭʹ, ʨʸ ʰʾʬʩʹ ʪʨʸʱʭʬʻʲ ʹʨʱʭʬʩʹ, ˅ʨʳʹ ʬʸʯʵʩ
ʳ˂ʰʸʬʫʹ ʫʨ ʨʸ ʪʨʳʵʫʰʹ ʹʨˆʲʰʫʨʴ, ˂ˆʵʭʸʬʩʰʹʬʻʲ
ʨʻ˂ʰʲʬʩʲʵʩʰʹ ʨʹʬ ʪʨ˄ʰʸʭʨ ʳʹˆʭʬʸʶʲʨʫ ʺʨʶʵʳʨʰʨ-ʰʨˇʴʨʹ
ʹʨˆʬʲʰʯʨʨ ˂ʴʵʩʰʲʰ.

3854

Tavi meoTxe – transcendenturi codna

ʪʨʸʫʨ ʨʳʰʹʨ, ʨʸʰʨʴ ʰʹʬʯʰ ʨʫʨʳʰʨʴʬʩʰ˂, ʸʵʳʲʬʩʰ˂ ʨʹʸʻʲʬʩʬʴ
ʹˆʭʨʫʨʹˆʭʨ ʹʨˆʰʹ ʳʰʹʺʰʻʸ ʰʵʪʨʹ, ʸʵʪʵʸʰ˂ʨʨ ʶʨʺʨʴˇʨʲʰʹ
ʹʰʹʺʬʳʨ (ʨʩʹʵʲʻʺʰʹ ʿʵʼʰʬʸʬʩʨʹʯʨʴ ˀʬʸ˄ʿʳʰʹ ˄ʭʸʯʨ), ˈʨʯˈʨʰʵʪʨ ʨʴ ʨˀʺʨʴʪʨ-ʰʵʪʨ (ʪʨʸʱʭʬʻʲʰ ʹʸʻʲʽʳʴʰʹ ˄ʭʸʯʨ), ʮʵʪʰ ʱʰ
ʳ˄ʰʸʵʩʰʹ ˄ʳʰʴʫʨ ʨʫʪʰʲʬʩˀʰ ʳʰʬʳʨʸʯʬʩʨ. ʿʵʭʬʲʰʭʬ ʨʳʰʹ ʰʵʪʰʨˇʴʨ, ʨʴʻ ʳʰ˄ʰʬʸ ʹʨʳʿʨʸʵˀʰ ʪʨʸʱʭʬʻʲʰ ʹʨˆʰʹ ʹʸʻʲʽʳʴʰʹ
ʳʰʹʨʾ˄ʬʭʨʫ ʪʨʾʬʩʻʲʰ ʳʹˆʭʬʸʶʲˀʬ˄ʰʸʭʨ ʬ˄ʵʫʬʩʨ.
ʮʵʪʰ ʭʬʫʻʸ ʲʰʺʬʸʨʺʻʸʨʹ ʹ˄ʨʭʲʵʩʹ, ʪʨʴʹʨʱʻʯʸʬʩʰʯ ʱʰ
ʻʶʨʴʰˀʨʫʬʩʹʨ ʫʨ ʭʬʫʨʴʺʨ-ʹʻʺʸʬʩʹ, ʨʴʻ ʹʨʴʽˈʰʨʹ ʼʰʲʵʹʵʼʰʨʹ.
ʨʹʬʯ ʳʵʽʳʬʫʬʩʨʹ ʹʭʨʫˈʰʨʰʨ-ʰʨˇʴʨ, ʨʴʻ ʹ˄ʨʭʲʰʯ
ʳʹˆʭʬʸʶʲˀʬ˄ʰʸʭʨ ʬ˄ʵʫʬʩʨ. ʨʹʬʯʰ ʰʵʪʬʩʰ ʬʸʯʪʻʲʨʫ
ʨʹʸʻʲʬʩʬʴ ʹˆʭʨʫʨʹˆʭʨ ʹʨˆʰʹ ʳʹˆʭʬʸʶʲˀʬ˄ʰʸʭʬʩʹ ʫʨ
ʹʰ˂ʵ˂ˆʲʬˀʰ ʻʼʸʵ ʳʨʾʨʲ ʳʫʪʵʳʨʸʬʵʩʨʹ ʬ˃ʬʩʬʴ ʫʨ ʨʸʨ ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ
˂ʴʵʩʰʬʸʬʩʰʯ ʻʮʬʴʨʬʹʰ ʻʼʲʰʹ ʻˀʻʨʲʵ ʹʨʳʹʨˆʻʸʹ. ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ
ʺʸʨʴʹ˂ʬʴʫʬʴʺʻʸʰ ˂ʴʵʩʰʬʸʬʩʰʹ ʳʰʾ˄ʬʭʨ ˀʬʻ˃ʲʬʩʬʲʰʨ
ʮʬʳʵʨʾ˄ʬʸʰʲʰ ʸʵʳʬʲʰʳʬ ʳʹˆʭʬʸʶʲˀʬ˄ʰʸʭʰʯ. ʬʹ ʳˆʵʲʵʫ
ʻʼʲʰʹ ʫʨ ʳʰʹʰ ʬʸʯʪʻʲʰ ʳʹʨˆʻʸʬʩʰʹ ˄ʿʨʲʵʩʰʯʨʨ
ˀʬʹʨ˃ʲʬʩʬʲʰ.
ʲʬʽʹʰ 29
ʮʵʪʴʰ ʹʻʴʯʽʭʰʹ ˀʬʱʨʭʬʩʰʯ ʺʸʨʴʹˀʰ ʪʨʸʰʴʫʬʩʨʹ ʬʹ˄ʸʨʼʰʨʴ,
ʨʳʵʹʻʴʯʽʭʨʹ ˁʨʹʻʴʯʽʭʨʹ ʳʰʨʸʯʳʬʭʬʴ ʳʹˆʭʬʸʶʲʨʫ ʫʨ
ˁʨʹʻʴʯʽʭʨʹ ʨʳʵʹʻʴʯʽʭʨʹ ʹ˄ʰʸʨʭʬʴ. ʨʹʬʯʰ ʪʨ˂ʭʲʰʹ ˀʬʳʫʬʪ
ʹʻʴʯʽʭʨʹ ˄ʿʭʬʺʬʴ ʫʨ ʹʨʱʻʯʨʸ ʯʨʭˀʰ ʰ˃ʰʸʬʩʰʨʴ. ʮʵʪʴʰ ʱʭʬʩʨʹ
ʨʾʰʱʭʬʯʬʴ ʫʨ ʰʹʬ ʰ˄ʿʬʩʬʴ ˁʨʹʻʴʯʽʭʨ-ʨʳʵʹʻʴʯʽʭʰʹ
ʻʸʯʰʬʸʯˀʬ˄ʰʸʭʬʩʹ.
ˀʰʴʨ-ʨʸʹʰ. ʹʻʴʯʽʭʰʹ ʳʨʸʯʭʰʹ ʰʵʪʨʹ ʨʳ ʹʰʹʺʬʳʨʹ ʶʸʨʴʨʰʨʳʨ
ʬ˄ʵʫʬʩʨ. ˈʨʯˈʨ-ʰʵʪʨˀʰ ʰʪʰ ʹˆʭʨʫʨʹˆʭʨ ˇʫʵʳʰʯʰ ʶʵʮʬʩʰʹ
ʹʨˀʻʨʲʬʩʰʯ ˆʵʸ˂ʰʬʲʫʬʩʨ. ʬʹ ʶʸʵ˂ʬʹʰ ʪʸ˃ʴʵʩʨʯʨ ʳʨʸʯʭʰʹʨ
ʫʨ ʹʻʲʰʬʸ ʸʬʨʲʰʮʨ˂ʰʨˀʰ ˄ʰʴʹʭʲʰʹʯʭʰʹ ʨʸʰʹ ʫʨ˄ʬʹʬʩʻʲʰ. ʨʳ
ʫʸʵʹ ˆʫʬʩʨ ʹˆʬʻʲˀʰ ʳʩʸʻʴʨʭ ʨʰʸʯʨ ʳʨʸʯʭʨ, ʸʨʯʨ
ʳʰʳʨʸʯʻʲʬʩʨ ˀʬʬ˂ʭʨʲʵʹ ʳʨʯ ʫʰʴʬʩʨʹ. ʨʰʸʰ ʨʶʨʴʨ ʳʰʬʳʨʸʯʬʩʨ
ʽʭʬʳʵʯ, ʶʸʨʴʨ - ʳʨʾʲʨ.

3954

Tavi meoTxe – transcendenturi codna

ʶʸʨʴʨʰʨʳʨ-ʰʵʪʰ ʻʸʯʰʬʸʯʹʨʶʰʸʰʹʶʰʸʵ ʳʰʳʨʸʯʻʲʬʩʰʯ
ʹʻʴʯʽʨʭʹ, ʹʨʴʨʳ ʫʰʴʬʩʬʩʰ ʶʻʸʨʱʨˀʰ, ʨʴʻ ˄ʵʴʨʹ˄ʵʸʵʩʨˀʰ ʨʸ ʳʵʭʨ
ʬʸʯʳʨʴʬʯʯʨʴ. ʨʳʵʹʻʴʯʽʻʲʰ ˈʨʬʸʰʹ ˁʨʹʻʴʯʽʻʲ ˈʨʬʸˀʰ
ˀʬʸʬʭʨʹ ʸʬˁʨʱʨ ˈʽʭʰʨ. ʸʵʫʬʹʨ˂ ʨʰʸʯʨ ʫʰʴʬʩʨ ʹʸʻʲʰʨʫ ˄ʿʫʬʩʨ,
ʨʳʩʵʩʬʴ, ʸʵʳ ʨʫʨʳʰʨʴʰ ʱʻʳʩˈʨʱʨ-ʰʵʪʨˀʰ ʰʳʿʵʼʬʩʨ. ʱʻʳʩˈʨʱʨʰʵʪʨʹ ʹʨˀʻʨʲʬʩʰʯ ʹʻʲʰʬʸ ˀʬʳʬ˂ʴʬʩʨˀʰ ʹʸʻʲʽʳʴʨ ʳʰʰʾ˄ʬʭʨ ʫʨ
ˀʬʹʨ˃ʲʬʩʬʲʰ ˆʫʬʩʨ ʳʸʨʭʨʲʰ, ʳʸʨʭʨʲʰ ˄ʲʰʯ ʹʰ˂ʵ˂ˆʲʰʹ
ʪʨˆʨʴʪʸ˃ʲʰʭʬʩʨ. ʪʵʴʰʬʸ ʰʵʪʹ ʨʳ ˂ˆʵʭʸʬʩʨˀʰʭʬ ʹʻʸʹ ʹʸʻʲʽʳʴʨ
ʫʨ ˀʬʳʫʬʪ ˂ˆʵʭʸʬʩʨʹ ʨʸ ʬʲʵʫʬʩʨ.
ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ ˂ʴʵʩʰʬʸʰ ʶʰʸʵʭʴʬʩʨ, ʸʵʳʬʲʰ˂ ʺʸʨʴʹ˂ʬʴʫʬʴʺʻʸʰ
ʹʨʹʰʿʭʨʸʻʲʵ ʬʸʯʪʻʲʬʩʰʯ ʬʳʹʨˆʻʸʬʩʨ ʻʼʨʲʹ, ʯʨʭʰʹʯʨʭʨʫ
ʪʸ˃ʴʵʩʨʯʨ ʳʩʸ˃ʨʴʬʩʬʲʰ ˆʫʬʩʨ, ʸʵʳʬʲʯʨ˂ ʳʻʫʨʳ ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ
ʻʽʭʬʳʫʬʩʨʸʬʩʹ, ʸʨʰʳʬ ʹˆʭʨ ʹʨʽʯʰʳ ʫʨʱʨʭʬʩʰʹ ˀʬʹʨ˃ʲʬʩʲʵʩʨʹ
ʯʨʭʨʫʭʬ ʨʸ ʨ˃ʲʬʭʹ ʯʨʭʰʹʯʨʭʹ. ʨʳ ʪʮʰʯ ˂ˆʵʭʸʬʩʰʹ ʫʨʹʨʹʸʻʲʹ
ʨʻ˂ʰʲʬʩʲʨʫ ʻʼʨʲʰ ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ ʺʸʨʴʹ˂ʬʴʫʬʴʺʻʸ ʹʨʼʬˆʻʸʮʬ
ʪʨʫʨʰʴʨ˂ʭʲʬʩʹ ʫʨ ʹʰ˂ʵ˂ˆʲʰʹ ʪʨˆʨʴʪʸ˃ʲʰʭʬʩʨʮʬ ʮʸʻʴʭʨ ʻʱʭʬ
ʮʬʫʳʬʺʰʨ. ʰʪʰ ʻʳʨʲ ʨʳʨʾʲʫʬʩʨ ʪʨʴʯʨʭʰʹʻʼʲʬʩʰʹ ʫʵʴʬʮʬ,
ʸʵʪʵʸ˂ “ʩˈʨʪʨʭʨʫ-ʪʰʺʨˀʰʨ” ʫʨʫʨʹʺʻʸʬʩʻʲʰ (14.26):
“ʰʹ, ʭʰʴ˂ ʻʼʲʰʹ ˄ʳʰʴʫʨ ʹʨʳʹʨˆʻʸʹ ʬ˄ʬʭʨ, ʪʨʫʨʲʨˆʨʭʹ
ʳʨʺʬʸʰʨʲʻʸʰ ʩʻʴʬʩʰʹ ʳʵʫʻʹʬʩʹ ʫʨ ʻʳʨʲʭʬ ʹʻʲʰʬʸ
ʹʨʼʬˆʻʸʹ ʨʾ˄ʬʭʹ.” ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ ˂ʴʵʩʰʬʸʰ ʶʰʸʵʭʴʬʩʨ ʯʨʭʰʹ ʪʮʨʹ
ʺʸʨʴʹ˂ʬʴʫʬʴʺʻʸʰ ʹʺʨʫʰʰʫʨʴ ʰ˄ʿʬʩʹ ʫʨ ʳʻʫʨʳ ʨʳ
˂ʴʵʩʰʬʸʬʩʰʯ ˂ˆʵʭʸʵʩʹ, ʨʳʰʺʵʳ ʨʸ ʬ˂ʬʳʨ ʫʨ ʩʵʲʵʹ
ʫʨʻʩʸʱʵʲʬʩʲʨʫ ˀʬʫʰʹ ʻʼʲʰʹ ʹʨʹʻʼʬʭʬʲˀʰ.
ʸʨ˂ ˀʬʬˆʬʩʨ ʹʨʱʭʬʩʰʹ ˀʬʳ˂ʰʸʬʩʨʹ, ʬʹ ʯʨʭʰʹʯʨʭʨʫ ˆʫʬʩʨ,
ʸʵʫʬʹʨ˂ ʨʫʨʳʰʨʴʰ ʳˆʵʲʵʫ ʱʸʰˀʴʨ-ʶʸʨʹʨʫʹ, ʨʴʻ ʯʨʭʰʫʨʴ
ʻʼʲʰʹʯʭʰʹ ˀʬʯʨʭʨʮʬʩʻʲ ʹʨʱʭʬʩʹ ʾʬʩʻʲʵʩʹ. ʱʭʬʩʰʹ
ˀʬʳ˂ʰʸʬʩʨ ʪʸ˃ʴʵʩʨʯʨ ʳʨʸʯʭʰʹʨʯʭʰʹ ˃ʨʲʰʨʴ ʹʨʹʨʸʪʬʩʲʵʨ.
ʪʸ˃ʴʵʩʨʯʨ ʳʨʸʯʭʰʹ ʪʨʸʬˀʬ ʱʰ ʳʨʺʬʸʰʨʲʻʸʰ ʺʿʭʬʵʩʰʫʨʴ ʯʨʭʰʹ
ʫʨʾ˄ʬʭʨ ˀʬʻ˃ʲʬʩʬʲʰʨ.
ʲʬʽʹʰ 30

4054

Tavi meoTxe – transcendenturi codna

ʳʹˆʭʬʸʶʲˀʬ˄ʰʸʭʰʹ ˄ʬʹʰʹʨʳʬʩʸ ʨʾʳʹʸʻʲʬʩʬʲʰ ˂ʵʫʭʨʯʨʪʨʴ
ʰ˄ʳʰʴʫʬʩʨ ʫʨ ʨʳ ˄ʳʰʴʫʨ ˂ʬʸʬʳʵʴʰʨʲʰʹ ʴʬʽʺʨʸʰʹ ʪʬʳʵʹ
ˀʬ˂ʴʵʩʰʯ ʻʳʨʾʲʬʹ ʳʨʸʨʫʰʻʲ ʹʨʳʿʵʼʬʲʹ ʻʨˆʲʵʭʫʬʩʨ.
ˀʰʴʨ-ʨʸʹʰ. ʹˆʭʨʫʨʹˆʭʨ ʹʨˆʰʹ ʳʹˆʭʬʸʶʲˀʬ˄ʰʸʭʰʹ (ʱʬʸ˃ʵʫ,
ʽʵʴʬʩʰʹ, ʭʬʫʬʩʰʹ - ʨʴʻ ʼʰʲʵʹʵʼʰʻʸʰ ʳʵ˃ʾʭʸʬʩʬʩʰʹ
ˀʬʹ˄ʨʭʲʰʹ ʫʨ ʰʵʪʨʹ ʹʰʹʺʬʳʰʹ ˀʬʹʸʻʲʬʩʰʯ
ʳʹˆʭʬʸʶʲˀʬ˄ʰʸʭʬʩʰʹ) ʮʬʳʵʯ ʳʵˆʹʬʴʰʬʩʻʲʰ ʪʨʴʳʨʸʺʬʩʬʩʰʫʨʴ
ʭʰʪʬʩʯ, ʸʵʳ ʳʨʯ ʹʨʬʸʯʵ ʳʰʮʨʴʹ ʪʸ˃ʴʵʩʨʯʨ ʳʨʸʯʭʨ
˄ʨʸʳʵʨʫʪʬʴʹ. ʪʸ˃ʴʵʩʨʯʨ ʫʨʱʳʨʿʵʼʰʲʬʩʨ ʳʰ˄ʰʬʸʰ ʨʸʹʬʩʵʩʰʹ
˃ʰʸʰʯʨʫʰ ʴʰˀʨʴʰʨ, ʨʳʰʺʵʳ ʹʨʴʨʳ ˂ʵ˂ˆʨʲʰ ʨʸʹʬʩʨ ʳʨʯʰ ʳʵʴʵʩʰʹ
ʹʨʼʬˆʻʸʹ ʨʸ ʪʨʹ˂ʫʬʩʨ, ˀʬʻ˃ʲʬʩʬʲʰʨ ʹʰʩʸ˃ʴʰʹ ʹʸʻʲʰ
ʴʬʺʨʸʬʩʰʹ ʪʨʴ˂ʫʨ ʫʨ ʹʸʻʲʰ ʹʰ˂ʵ˂ˆʲʰʹ ʳʨʸʨʫʰʻʲ
ʹʰʳʨʾʲʬʮʬ ʫʨʳʱʭʰʫʸʬʩʨ - ʩʸʨˈʳʨʴʰʹ ʹʨʻʼʲʵʹʯʨʴ ʳʰʨˆʲʬʩʨ.
ʮʬʳʵʨʾʴʰˀʴʻʲʰ ʿʵʭʬʲʰ ʳʹˆʭʬʸʶʲˀʬ˄ʰʸʭʨ ʨʫʨʳʰʨʴʹ
ʳʨʺʬʸʰʨʲʻʸʰ ʨʸʹʬʩʵʩʰʹ ˂ʵʫʭʨʯʨʪʨʴ ʪʨʴ˄ʳʬʴʫʨˀʰ ʬˆʳʨʸʬʩʨ,
ʸʰʹ ˄ʿʨʲʵʩʰʯʨ˂ ʰʪʰ ʨʸʨ ʳʨʸʺʵ ʩʬʫʴʰʬʸʰ ʫʨ ʫʰʫʬʩʻʲʰ
ˆʫʬʩʨ, ʨʸʨʳʬʫ ʾʳʬʸʯʰʹ ʳʨʸʨʫʰʻʲ ʹʨʹʻʼʬʭʬʲˀʰ ˀʬʫʰʹ ʻʶʰʸʵʭʴʵ ʩʸʨˈʳʨʴʹ ʬʸ˄ʿʳʰʹ ʫʨ ʻʮʬʴʨʬʹ ʾʳʸʯʨʬʩʸʰʭ
ʶʰʸʵʭʴʬʩʨʹ, ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ, ʻʱʨʭˀʰʸʫʬʩʨ.
ʲʬʽʹʰ 31
ʵ, ʱʻʸʻʯʨ ˀʵʸʰʹ ʪʨʳʵʸˁʬʻʲʵ, ʳʹˆʭʬʸʶʲˀʬ˄ʰʸʭʰʹ ʪʨʸʬˀʬ
ʨʫʨʳʰʨʴʰ ʭʬʸʨʹʵʫʬʹ ʰʽʴʬʩʨ ʩʬʫʴʰʬʸʰ, ʯʭʰʯ ʨʳ ʶʲʨʴʬʺʨʮʬ, ʨʳ
ʹʰ˂ʵ˂ˆʲʬˀʰ; ʳʨˀ, ʸʨʾʨ ʰʯʽʳʰʹ ʹʨʻʱʻʴʵ ʹʰ˂ʵ˂ˆʲʬʮʬ?!
ˀʰʴʨ-ʨʸʹʰ. ʳʨʺʬʸʰʨʲʻʸʰ ʨʸʹʬʩʵʩʰʹ ʴʬʩʰʹʳʰʬʸ ʳʫʪʵʳʨʸʬʵʩʨˀʰ
ʨʫʨʳʰʨʴʹ ʻ˅ʰʸʹ ʹʨʱʻʯʨʸʰ ˅ʬˀʳʨʸʰʺʰ ʨʫʪʰʲʰʹ ʪʨʪʬʩʨ. ʹˆʭʨ
ʹʰʺʿʭʬʩʰʯ ʸʵʳ ʭʯʽʭʨʯ, ʳʨʺʬʸʰʨʲʻʸ ʹʨʳʿʨʸʵˀʰ ʨʸʹʬʩʵʩʨ
ʱʨ˂ʯʨ ʳʵʫʪʳʰʹ ʳʸʨʭʨʲʰ ʹʰ˂ʵ˂ˆʲʰʹ ˂ʵʫʭʰʲʰ ˀʬʫʬʪʬʩʰʯ ʨʸʰʹ
ʫʨʾʫʨʹʳʻʲʰ. ʻʪʻʴʻʸʬʩʨ ˂ʵʫʭʰʲʰ ʹʰ˂ʵ˂ˆʲʰʹ ʳʰʮʬʮʰʨ,
˂ʵʫʭʰʲʰ ʹʰ˂ʵ˂ˆʲʬ ʱʰ ˂ʵ˂ˆʨʲ ʨʸʹʬʩʨʹ ʳʨʺʬʸʰʨʲʻʸʰ
ʿʵʼʰʬʸʬʩʰʹ ʳʨʸʨʫʰʻʲ ʳʵʴʨʫ ʨʽ˂ʬʭʹ. ʨʳ ʺʿʭʬʵʩʰʫʨʴ ʯʨʭʰʹ
ʫʨʾ˄ʬʭʨ ʨʫʨʳʰʨʴʹ ˀʬʻ˃ʲʰʨ. ʭʬʫʬʩʰ ˆʹʴʰʹ ʪʮʨʹ ʪʭʨʹ˄ʨʭʲʰʹ,

4154

Tavi meoTxe – transcendenturi codna

ʳʰʪʭʰʯʰʯʬʩʹ ʸʬʲʰʪʰʰʹ, ʬʱʵʴʵʳʰʱʻʸʰ ʳʫʪʵʳʨʸʬʵʩʰʹ,
ʪʸ˃ʴʵʩʨʯʨ ʳʵ˄ʹʬʸʰʪʬʩʻʲʰ ʫʨʱʳʨʿʵʼʰʲʬʩʰʹ ʸʵʲʹ ʹʨʭʨʲʨʲʵ
ʳʫʪʵʳʨʸʬʵʩʰʫʨʴ ʹʨʩʵʲʵʵʫ ʯʨʭʰʹ ʫʨʹʨʾ˄ʬʭʨʫ.
ʸʬʲʰʪʰʰʯ, ʨʴʻ ʮʬʳʵʯ ʨʾ˄ʬʸʰʲʰ ʹˆʭʨʫʨʹˆʭʨ
ʳʹˆʭʬʸʶʲˀʬ˄ʰʸʭʬʩʰʹ ʪʮʰʯ ˁʭʬʴʰ ʬʱʵʴʵʳʰʱʻʸʰ ʶʸʵʩʲʬʳʬʩʰ
ʯʨʭʰʹʯʨʭʨʫ ʰ˅ʸʬʩʨ. ʰʨˇʴʨʹ ˁʨʭʨʺʨʸʬʩʯ ʫʨ ʪʭʬʽʴʬʩʨ ʹʨʱʳʨʸʰʹʰ
ʹʨʱʭʬʩʰ, ʹʨʱʳʨʸʰʹʰ ʸ˃ʬ ʫʨ ʨ.ˀ. ʳʵʹʨˆʲʬʵʩʰʹ ʬʪʸʬʯ˄ʵʫʬʩʻʲʰ
˅ʨʸʩʰ ʮʸʫʰʹ ˀʬʳʯˆʭʬʭʨˀʰ˂ ʱʰ. ʸʵ˂ʨ ʹˆʬʻʲʹ ʿʭʬʲʨʼʬʸʰ
ʬ˃ʲʬʭʨ, ʩʻʴʬʩʸʰʭʰʨ, ˀʬʳʫʬʪ ʪʸ˃ʴʵʩʬʩʰ ʯˆʵʻʲʵʩʬʴ ʯʨʭʰʹʨʹ.
ʪʸ˃ʴʵʩʨʯʨ ʳʵ˄ʬʹʸʰʪʬʩʻʲʰ ʫʨʱʳʨʿʵʼʰʲʬʩʰʹʨʯʭʰʹ ʭʬʫʬʩˀʰ
˄ʳʰʴʫʨ ʽʵʸ˄ʰʴʬʩʨʨ ʫʨ˄ʬʹʬʩʻʲʰ.
ʨʫʨʳʰʨʴʰ ʨʹʬ ʯʨʴʫʨʯʨʴʵʩʰʯ ʳʨʾʲʫʬʩʨ, ʯʨʭʹ ʨʾ˄ʬʭʹ
ʳʨʺʬʸʰʨʲʻʸ ʺʿʭʬʵʩʨʹ ʫʨ ʯʨʭʰʹʻʼʲʬʩʰʹ ʻʳʨʾʲʬʹ ʹʸʻʲʽʳʴʨʹ
ʻʮʬʴʨʬʹ ʻʼʨʲʯʨʴ ʻʸʯʰʬʸʯʵʩʰʯ ʳʰʰʾʬʩʹ ʱʻʸʯˆʬʭʨʫ.
ʸʵʪʵʸ˂ ʰʯʽʭʨ, ʹʸʻʲʽʳʴʨ ʳʰʰʾ˄ʬʭʨ ʰʨˇʴʨʹ (ʳʹˆʭʬʸʶʲˀʬ˄ʰʸʭʰʹ)
ˀʬʹʸʻʲʬʩʰʯ. ʯʻʱʰ ʨʫʨʳʰʨʴʹ ʫʨˀʸʬʺʰʲʰ ʨʽʭʹ ʭʬʫʬʩʰʹ
ʯʨʴʨˆʳʨʫ ʰʨˇʴʨʹ ˀʬʹʸʻʲʬʩʰʹ ˄ʨʫʰʲʰ, ʨʳʷʨʳʰʴʫʬʲ ʹˆʬʻʲˀʰ
ʩʬʫʴʰʬʸʰ ʭʬʸ ʰʽʴʬʩʨ, ʹˆʭʨ ʳʵʳʨʭʨʲ ʹˆʬʻʲʮʬ ʨʴ ʹˆʭʨ ʶʲʨʴʬʺʨʮʬ
ʸʵʳ ʨʸʨʼʬʸʰ ʭʯʽʭʨʯ. ʹˆʭʨʫʨʹˆʭʨ ʮʬ˂ʰʻʸ ʶʲʨʴʬʺʬʩʮʬ
ʳʨʺʬʸʰʨʲʻʸʰ ʼʻʼʻʴʬʩʰʹ ʪʨʴʹˆʭʨʭʬʩʻʲʰ ʫʵʴʬʨ ʫʨ ʳʨʯ, ʭʰʴ˂
ʰʨˇʴʬʩʹ ʨʺʨʸʬʩʬʴ, ʻʫʰʫʬʹʰ ʴʬʺʨʸʬʩʨ ʬʲʰʯ. ʳʨʪʸʨʳ ʻʳʨʾʲʬʹʰ
ʩʬʫʴʰʬʸʬʩʨ, ʸʵʳʬʲʹʨ˂ ʨʫʨʳʰʨʴʳʨ ˀʬʰ˃ʲʬʩʨ ʳʰʨʾ˄ʰʵʹ, ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ
˂ʴʵʩʰʬʸʬʩʰʯ ʹʻʲʰʬʸ ʶʲʨʴʬʺʬʩʮʬ ʪʨʫʨʴʨ˂ʭʲʬʩʨ ʪʨˆʲʨʭʯ.
ʨʳʸʰʪʨʫ, ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ ˂ʴʵʩʰʬʸʬʩʰʯ ʳʨʺʬʸʰʨʲʻʸʰ ʨʸʹʬʩʵʩʰʹ
ʿʵʭʬʲʰ ʶʸʵʩʲʬʳʨ ʪʨʫʨ˄ʿʫʬʩʨ.
ʲʬʽʹʰ 32
ʭʬʫʬʩʰ ʳʸʨʭʨʲʴʨʰʸ ʳʹˆʭʬʸʶʲˀʬ˄ʰʸʭʨʹ ʪʭʯʨʭʨʮʵʩʬʴ ʫʨ
ʿʵʭʬʲʰ ʳʨʯʪʨʴʰ ˀʸʵʳʰʯ ʨʸʰʹ ˀʵʩʰʲʰ. ˀʬʰ˂ʨʴ ʬʹ ʹʰʩʸ˃ʴʬ ʫʨ
ʫʨʰˆʹʬʴ ʹʻʲʰ.
ˀʰʴʨ-ʨʸʹʰ. ʸʵʪʵʸ˂ ʮʬʳʵʯ ʪʨʴʭʰˆʰʲʬʯ, ʭʬʫʬʩˀʰ ʳʸʨʭʨʲʴʨʰʸʰ
ʳʹˆʭʬʸʶʲˀʬ˄ʰʸʭʨʨ ʫʨ˄ʬʹʬʩʻʲʰ. ʨʫʨʳʰʨʴʬʩʰ ʹˆʬʻʲʰʹʬʻʲ
˄ʨʸʳʵʫʪʬʴʬʩˀʰ ʬʹʵʫʬʴ ʾʸʳʨʫ ʨʸʰʨʴ ˁʨʼʲʻʲʴʰ, ʳʨʯ

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ʪʨʫʨʹʨʸˁʬʴʨʫ ʬʹ ʳʹˆʭʬʸʶʲˀʬ˄ʰʸʭʬʩʰ ʰʹʬʨ ʳʵ˄ʿʵʩʰʲʰ, ʸʵʳ
ʨʫʨʳʰʨʴʹ ˀʬʻ˃ʲʰʨ ʰˀʸʵʳʵʹ ʹˆʬʻʲʰʯ, ˅ʱʻʰʯ, ʪʵʴʬʩʰʯ,
ˀʬʹʨ˄ʰʸʨʭʨʫ ʯʨʭʰʹ ˀʸʵʳʰʹ ʴʨʿʵʼʰ ʳʰʹ˂ʬʹ ˂ʬ˂ˆʲʹ. ʹʨʩʵʲʵʵʫ
ʱʰ ʬʹ ˂ʬʸʬʳʵʴʰʨʲʰ ʹˆʬʻʲʰʫʨʴ ʶʰʸʵʭʴʬʩʰʹ ʪʨʴʯʨʭʰʹʻʼʲʬʩʰʹ
ʳʰʮʴʰʯ ʹʸʻʲʫʬʩʨ. ʻʼʨʲʰ ʯʭʰʯʵʴ ʨʫʨʹʺʻʸʬʩʹ ʨʳʨʹ.
ʲʬʽʹʰ 33
ʵ, ʳʺʸʰʹ ˀʬʳʳʻʹʭʸʬʲʵ, ʹʰʩʸ˃ʴʰʯ ˀʬʹʸʻʲʬʩʻʲʰ
ʳʹˆʭʬʸʶʲˀʬ˄ʰʸʭʨ ʨʾʳʨʺʬʩʻʲʰʨ ʳʰ˄ʰʬʸʰ ʽʵʴʬʩʰʹ ˀʬ˄ʰʸʭʨʮʬ. ʵ,
ʶʸʰʯˈʨʹ ˀʭʰʲʵ, ʩʵʲʵʹʫʨʩʵʲʵʹ ˀʸʵʳʰʹ ʴʨʿʵʼʰʹ ʿʵʭʬʲʰ
ʳʹˆʭʬʸʶʲˀʬ˄ʰʸʭʰʹ ʳ˄ʭʬʸʭʨʲʰ ˆʵʳ ʺʸʨʴʹ˂ʬʴʫʬʴʺʻʸʰ
ʹʰʩʸ˃ʴʬʨ.
ˀʰʴʨ-ʨʸʹʰ. ʿʵʭʬʲʰ ʳʹˆʭʬʸʶʲˀʬ˄ʰʸʭʰʹ ʳʰʮʨʴʰ ʨʸʰʹ ʹʸʻʲ
ʹʰʩʸ˃ʴʬʹʯʨʴ ʮʰʨʸʬʩʨ, ˀʬʳʫʬʪ ʳʨʺʬʸʰʨʲʻʸʰ ʺʨʴˇʭʰʹʨʪʨʴ
ʪʨʴʯʨʭʰʹʻʼʲʬʩʨ ʫʨ, ʸʨ˂ ʳʯʨʭʨʸʰʨ, ʻʮʬʴʨʬʹʰ ʻʼʲʰʹ
ʺʸʨʴʹ˂ʬʴʫʬʴʺʻʸʰ ʹʨʹʰʿʭʨʸʻʲʵ ʹʨʳʹʨˆʻʸʰ (ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ
˂ʴʵʩʰʬʸʬʩʨ). ʳʹˆʭʬʸʶʲˀʬ˄ʰʸʭʬʩʹ ʪʨʸʱʭʬʻʲʰ ʹʨʰʫʻʳʲʵʬʩʨʴʰ
ʨˆʲʨʭʹ ʫʨ ʹʨ˅ʰʸʵʨ ʳʨʯʰ ˀʬ˂ʴʵʩʨ. ʮʵʪˇʬʸ ˀʬʳʹʸʻʲʬʩʲʰʹ
ʸ˄ʳʬʴʰʹ ʯʨʴʨˆʳʨʫ, ʳʹˆʭʬʸʶʲˀʬ˄ʰʸʭʨ ʪʨʴʹˆʭʨʭʬʩʻʲʨʫ
ʹʸʻʲʫʬʩʨ. ʸʵʫʬʹʨ˂ ʨʫʨʳʰʨʴʰʹ ʸ˄ʳʬʴʨ ʺʸʨʴʹ˂ʬʴʫʬʴʺʻʸʰ
˂ʵʫʴʰʹ ʹʺʨʫʰʨʹ ʨʾ˄ʬʭʹ, ʳʹˆʭʬʸʶʲˀʬ˄ʰʸʭʰʹ ˀʬʳʹʸʻʲʬʩʬʲʰ
ʻʼʸʵ ʨʳʨʾʲʬʩʻʲʰ ʳ˂ʵʫʴʬʨ ʨʳ ʰʫʻʳʨʲʬʩʰʹʨ, ʭʰʫʸʬ ʰʹ, ʭʰʴ˂
ʨʹʬʯʰ ˂ʵʫʴʰʹ ʪʨʸʬˀʬ ʻʩʸʨʲʵʫ ʹ˄ʰʸʨʭʹ ʽʵʴʬʩʨʹ. ʾʭʯʰʻʸʰ
ʹʰʩʸ˃ʴʰʹ ʪʨʸʬˀʬ ʳʹˆʭʬʸʶʲˀʬ˄ʰʸʭʬʩʰ ʳʨʺʬʸʰʨʲʻʸ ʫʵʴʬʮʬ
ʸˁʬʩʨ ʫʨ ʹʻʲʰʬʸ ʹʸʻʲʿʵʼʨʹ ʨʸ ʬʳʹʨˆʻʸʬʩʨ.
˅ʬˀʳʨʸʰʺʰ ʹʰʩʸ˃ʴʰʹ ʳ˄ʭʬʸʭʨʲʰ ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ ˂ʴʵʩʰʬʸʬʩʨʨ ʺʸʨʴʹ˂ʬʴʫʬʴʺʻʸʰ ˂ʵʫʴʰʹ ʻʳʨʾʲʬʹʰ ʹʺʨʫʰʨ. ʨʳ ʫʵʴʬʳʫʬ
ʨʳʨʾʲʬʩʰʹ ˀʬʳʫʬʪ ʿʵʭʬʲʰ ʬʹ ʸʰʺʻʨʲʰ ʹʻʲʰʬʸ ʹʨʼʬˆʻʸʹ
ʨʾ˄ʬʭʹ. ʪʨʴʹˆʭʨʭʬʩʻʲ ˂ʴʵʩʰʬʸʬʩʨʯʨ ˀʬʹʨʩʨʳʰʹʨʫ
ʳʹˆʭʬʸʶʲˀʬ˄ʰʸʭʬʩʹ ʮʵʪˇʬʸ ʬ˄ʵʫʬʩʨ ʱʨʸʳʨ-ʱʨʴʫʨ (ʱʨʸʳʰʻʲʰ
ʳʵʽʳʬʫʬʩʬʩʰ), ʮʵʪˇʬʸ ʱʰ ˇʴʨʴʨ-ʱʨʴʫʨ (˅ʬˀʳʨʸʰʺʬʩʰʹ ʹʰʩʸ˃ʴʰʹ
˃ʰʬʩʨ). ʹʰʩʸ˃ʴʰʹ ˃ʰʬʩʨ ʿʵʭʬʲʯʨ ʮʬʨʾʳʨʺʬʩʻʲʰ ʳʰʮʨʴʰʨ.
ʲʬʽʹʰ 34

4354

Tavi meoTxe – transcendenturi codna

ʹʻʲʰʬʸ ʳʵ˃ʾʭʨʸʹ ʬʯʨʿʭʨʴʬ ʫʨ ʳʵʸˁʰʲʨʫ ʫʨʻʹʭʰ ʱʰʯˆʭʬʩʰ,
ˀʬʰ˂ʨʴ ʳʰʹʪʨʴ ˅ʬˀʳʨʸʰʺʬʩʨ ʫʨ ʬʳʹʨˆʻʸʬ ʳʨʹ. ʯʨʭʨʫ
˅ʬˀʳʨʸʰʺʬʩʨʹ ʮʰʨʸʬʩʻʲʯ ˀʬʻ˃ʲʰʨʯ ˀʬʴ˂ ʪʨʮʰʨʸʵʴ ʹʰʩʸ˃ʴʬʹ.
ˀʰʴʨ-ʨʸʹʰ. ʹʻʲʰʬʸʰ ʸʬʨʲʰʮʨ˂ʰʰʹ ʪʮʨ ʸʯʻʲʰʨ. ʨʳʰʺʵʳ
ʻʼʨʲʰ ʪʭʰʸˁʬʭʹ ʳʰʭʳʨʸʯʵʯ ˅ʬˀʳʨʸʰʺ ʹʻʲʰʬʸ ʳʵ˃ʾʭʨʸʹ,
ʸʵʳʬʲʰ˂ ʯʨʭʨʫ ʻʼʲʰʹ ʳʰʬʸ ʫʨ˄ʬʹʬʩʻʲ ʳʵ˄ʨʼʬʵʩʸʰʭ
ʯʨʴʳʰʳʫʬʭʸʵʩʨʹ ʪʨʴʬʱʻʯʭʴʬʩʨ. ʨʳʰʹ ʪʨʸʬˀʬ ʭʬʸʨʭʰʴ ˀʬ˃ʲʬʩʹ
ʹˆʭʨʹ ʩʸ˃ʬʴ-ʳʵ˃ʾʭʸʨʫ ʫʨʻʫʪʬʹ. ʻʼʨʲʰʨ ʶʰʸʭʬʲʰ ʳʵ˃ʾʭʨʸʰ
ʫʨ ʳʵ˄ʨʼʬʵʩʸʰʭʰ ʯʨʴʳʰʳʫʬʭʸʵʩʰʹ ˄ʨʸʳʵʳʨʫʪʬʴʬʲʹ ˀʬʻ˃ʲʰʨ
ʳʰʹʰ ˄ʳʰʴʫʨ ˄ʬʸʰʲʬʩʰ ʯʨʭʰʹ ʳʵʹ˄ʨʭʲʬʹ ˅ʬˀʳʨʸʰʺʰ ʹʨˆʰʯ
ʪʨʫʨʹ˂ʬʹ.
ʨʸʨʭʰʹ ˃ʨʲʻ˃ʹ ʹʨʱʻʯʨʸʰ ʪʨʳʵʪʵʴʰʲʰ ʶʸʵ˂ʬʹʰʯ ʹʻʲʰʬʸʰ
ʸʬʨʲʰʮʨ˂ʰʰʹ ʳʰʾ˄ʬʭʨ, ʸʵʪʵʸ˂ ʬʹ ʻʳʬ˂ʨʸ ʯʭʨʲʯʳʨʽ˂ʬʩʹ
ʹˁʭʬʭʰʨʯ. “ʩˈʨʪʨʭʨʺʨʳˀʰ” (6.3.19) ʴʨʯʽʭʨʳʰʨ: ʸʬʲʰʪʰʰʹ ʪʮʨ
ʻˀʻʨʲʵʫ ʻʼʲʰʹ ʳʰʬʸ ʨʸʰʹ ʫʨ˄ʬʹʬʩʻʲʰ. ʨʳʰʺʵʳ
ʹʶʬʱʻʲʨ˂ʰʻʸʰ ʳʹˇʬʲʵʩʬʩʰ ʫʨ ʳˀʸʨʲʰ ʨʸʪʻʳʬʴʺʬʩʰ ʨʫʨʳʰʨʴʹ
ʹ˄ʵʸ ʪʮʨʮʬ ʭʬʸ ʫʨʨʿʬʴʬʩʹ. ʭʬʸ˂ ʹʰʩʸ˃ʴʰʹ ˄ʰʪʴʯʨ
ʫʨʳʵʻʱʰʫʬʩʬʲʰ ˀʬʹ˄ʨʭʲʰʯ ʳʰʨʾ˄ʬʭʹ ʱʨ˂ʰ ʹʻʲʰʬʸ
˂ˆʵʭʸʬʩʨˀʰ ˄ʨʸʳʨʺʬʩʨʹ. ʨʳʰʹʨʯʭʰʹ ˅ʬˀʳʨʸʰʺʰ ʹʻʲʰʬʸʰ
ʳʵ˃ʾʭʨʸʰʨ ʹʨ˅ʰʸʵ, ʸʵʳʬʲʰ˂ ʹʸʻʲʰ ʳʰʴʫʵʩʰʯ ʻʴʫʨ ʳʰʭʰʾʵʯ
ʫʨ ˂ʸʻ ʯʨʭʳʵʿʭʨʸʬʵʩʰʹ ʪʨʸʬˀʬ ʳʨʹʯʨʴ ˆʬʲʮʬ
ʳʵʹʨʳʹʨˆʻʸʬʹʨʭʰʯ ʳʵʭʰʽ˂ʬʯ.
ʯʭʰʯʸʬʨʲʰʮʬʩʻʲʰ ʳʵ˃ʾʭʸʰʹ ʫʨʱʳʨʿʵʼʰʲʬʩʨ ʹʻʲʰʬʸ
˂ˆʵʭʸʬʩʨˀʰ ˄ʰʴʹʭʲʰʹ ʹʨʰʫʻʳʲʵ ʪʨˆʲʨʭʯ. ˀʬʱʰʯˆʭʬʩʰ ʫʨ
ʳʵʸˁʰʲʬʩʨ ʻʴʫʨ ˀʬʭʻˆʨʳʵʯ ʬʸʯʳʨʴʬʯʹ. ˄ʰʴʨʨʾʳʫʬʪ
ˀʬʳʯˆʭʬʭʨˀʰ, ˁʭʬʴʰ ʳʵʴʫʵʳʬʩʨ ʴʨʿʵʼʹ ʭʬʸ ʪʨʳʵʰʾʬʩʹ. ʨʫʨʳʰʨʴʳʨ
ʹʻʲʰʬʸ ʳʵ˃ʾʭʨʸʯʨʴ ʪʨʳʵ˂ʫʨ ʻʴʫʨ ʪʨʰʨʸʵʹ ʫʨ ʸʵʫʬʹʨ˂ ʰʪʰ
ʳʵʹ˄ʨʭʲʰʹ ˅ʬˀʳʨʸʰʺ ʹʻʸʭʰʲʹ ʫʨʰʴʨˆʨʭʹ, ʯʨʭʨʫʨ˂
ʪʨʻʨʫʭʰʲʬʩʹ ʹʻʲʰʬʸʰ ʪʨʪʬʩʰʹ ʹʰʸʯʻʲʬʹ.
ʲʬʽʹˀʰ ʫʨʪʳʵʩʰʲʰʨ ʽ˂ʬʭʨ, ʸʵʫʬʹʨ˂ ˀʬʪʰʸʫʰ ʩʸʳʨʫ ʳʰˈʿʭʬʩʨ
ʳʵ˃ʾʭʨʸʹ, ʨʴ ʹʻʲʬʲʻʸ ˀʬʱʰʯˆʭʬʩʹ ʻʹʭʨʳʹ. ʨʫʨʳʰʨʴʳʨ
ʪʻʲʰʹʿʻʸʰʯ ʻʴʫʨ ʻʹʳʰʴʵʹ ʳʨʹ˄ʨʭʲʬʩʬʲʹ, ʬ˂ʨʫʵʹ,
ʿʭʬʲʨʼʬʸʰ ˂ˆʨʫʨʫ ʪʨʰʪʵʹ ʳʰʹʪʨʴ ʫʨ ʪʻʲʰʯʨʫʨʫ ʬʳʹʨˆʻʸʵʹ.

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Tavi meoTxe – transcendenturi codna

˅ʬˀʳʨʸʰʺʰ ʹʻʲʰʬʸʰ ʳʵ˃ʾʭʨʸʰ ʳʵʹ˄ʨʭʲʰʹʨʫʳʰ ʳʬʺʨʫ
ʱʬʯʰʲʰʨ, ʨʼʨʹʬʩʹ ʳʰʹ ʯʨʭʪʨʳʵʫʬʩʨʹ, ʶʨʺʰʭʰʹ˂ʬʳʨʹ ʫʨ ʯʨʭʨʫʨ˂
ʹ˄ʿʨʲʵʩʹ ʳʨʹ ʴʨʯʬʲʰ ʶʨʹʻˆʬʩʰʯʨ ʫʨ ʪʻʲʯʩʰʲʰ ʳʵʶʿʸʵʩʰʯ.
ʲʬʽʹʰ 35
ʩʸ˃ʬʴ-ʳʵ˃ʾʭʸʰʹʨʪʨʴ ʾʭʯʰʻʸ ˂ʵʫʴʨʹ ʴʨʮʰʨʸʬʩʰ ʹ˄ʵʸʨʫ
ʫʨʰʴʨˆʨʭ ʫʨ ʶʰʸʻʯʭʴʬʲʨʫ ʪʨʴʹˇʰ, ʸʵʳ ʿʵʭʬʲʰ ˂ʵ˂ˆʨʲʰ
ʨʸʹʬʩʨ ʻʮʬʴʨʬʹʰʹ ʴʨ˄ʰʲʰʨ ʳˆʵʲʵʫ, ʨʴʻ ʰʹʰʴʰ ˁʬʳˀʰ ʨʸʰʨʴ
ʪʨʳʯʲʰʨʴʬʩʻʲʴʰ.
ˀʰʴʨ-ʨʸʹʰ. ʯʭʰʯˀʬ˂ʴʵʩʰʲʰ ʹʻʲʰʹʨʪʨʴ, ʨʴʻ ʿʭʬʲʨʼʸʰʹ
˅ʬˀʳʨʸʰʺʰ ʹʨˆʰʯ ʳˆʰʲʭʬʲʰʹʨʪʨʴ ˂ʵʫʴʰʹ ʳʰʾʬʩʰʹ ˀʬʫʬʪʹ
˄ʨʸʳʵʨʫʪʬʴʹ ʰʳʰʹ ʪʨʪʬʩʨ, ʸʵʳ ʿʵʭʬʲʰ ˂ʵ˂ˆʨʲʰ ʨʸʹʬʩʨ
ʻʮʬʴʨʬʹʰ ʶʰʸʵʭʴʬʩʰʹ, ʻʼʨʲʰ ˀʸʰ ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ, ʪʨʴʻʿʵʼʬʲʰ
ʴʨ˄ʰʲʨʱʰʨ. ʨʳʰʹ ʭʬʸˀʬ˂ʴʵʩʨʹ, ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹʪʨʴ ʪʨʴ˂ʨʲʱʬʭʬʩʻʲʨʫ
ʨʸʹʬʩʵʩʰʹ ʫʨˇʬʸʬʩʨʹ, ʳʨʰʨ ʬ˄ʵʫʬʩʨ (ʳʨ - ʨʸʨ, ʰʨ - ʬʹ). ʮʵʪʰ
ʼʰʽʸʵʩʹ, ʸʵʳ ˁʭʬʴ ʨʸʨʼʬʸʰ ʪʭʨʽʭʹ ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹʯʨʴ ʹʨʬʸʯʵ, ʸʵʳ
ʱʸʰˀʴʨ ʳˆʵʲʵʫ ʫʰʫʰ ʰʹʺʵʸʰʻʲʰ ʶʰʸʵʭʴʬʩʨʨ ʫʨ
ʹʰʴʨʳʫʭʰʲʬˀʰ ʩʸʨˈʳʨʴʰ ʪʨˆʲʨʭʯ ʨʩʹʵʲʻʺʻʸʰ ʻʶʰʸʵʭʴʵ
ʬʸʯʨʫʬʸʯʵʩʨ. ʸʵʪʵʸ˂ “ʩˈʨʪʨʭʨʫ-ʪʰʺʨˀʰʨ” ʴʨʯʽʭʨʳʰ, ʬʹ
ʻʶʰʸʵʭʴʵ ʩʸʨˈʳʨʴʰ ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ ʴʨʯʬʩʰʹ ʨʴʨʸʬʱʲʰʨ. ʱʸʰˀʴʨ,
ʸʵʪʵʸ˂ ʻʮʬʴʨʬʹʰ ʾʳʸʯʨʬʩʸʰʭʰ ʶʰʸʵʭʴʬʩʨ, ʿʵʭʲʰʹ ʳʰʮʬʮʰʨ.
“ʩʸʨˈʳʨ-ʹʨʳˈʰʺʨˀʰ” ʰʪʰʭʬʨ ˆʨʮʪʨʹʳʻʲʰ. ʳʰʲʰʵʴʵʩʰʯ
ʹʨˆʬ˂ʭʲʰʲʬʩʨ˂ ʳˆʵʲʵʫ ʻʼʲʰʹ ʹˆʭʨʫʨʹˆʭʨ ʪʨʳʵʭʲʰʴʬʩʬʩʰʨ:
˂ʵ˂ˆʨʲʰ ʨʸʹʬʩʬʩʰ˂ ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ ʪʨʳʵʭʲʰʴʬʩʬʩʹ ˄ʨʸʳʵʨʫʪʬʴʬʴ.
ʳʨʰʨʭʨʫʰ ʼʰʲʵʹʵʼʵʹʬʩʰ ˀʬ˂ʫʵʳʰʯ ʯʭʲʰʨʴ, ʸʵʳ ʱʸʰˀʴʨ
ʯʭʰʯʳʿʵʼʨʫʵʩʨʹ ʯʨʭʰʹ ʳʸʨʭʨʲ ʬʽʹʶʨʴʹʰʬʩˀʰ ʱʨʸʪʨʭʹ.
ʪʨʳʵ˂ʫʰʲʬʩʰʯ ʭʰ˂ʰʯ, ʸʵʳ ʳʨʺʬʸʰʨʲʻʸ ʹʨʳʿʨʸʵˀʰ
ʴʨ˄ʰʲʬʩʨʫ ʫʨʿʵʼʰʹ ˀʬʳʫʬʪ ʹʨʪʨʴʰ ʯʨʭʫʨʶʰʸʭʬʲ ʹʨˆʬʹ ʱʨʸʪʨʭʹ.
ʱʸʰˀʴʨ ʱʰ ʹʻʲʰʬʸʰ ʹʨʳʿʨʸʵʹ ʱʻʯʭʴʰʲʬʩʨʨ, ʳʨʪʸʨʳ ʳʨʰʨʭʨʫʰ
ʼʰʲʵʹʵʼʵʹʬʩʹ ʨʸ ˀʬʹ˄ʬʭʯ ʰʳʰʹ ʪʨʪʬʩʰʹ ʻʴʨʸʰ, ʸʵʳ ʨʩʹʵʲʻʺʰ
ʴʰˀʴʨʭʹ ʬʸʯʹ, ʸʨ˂ ʨʸ ʻʴʫʨ ʳʰʻʳʨʺʵ, ʫʨ ʬʸʯʹ, ʸʨ˂ ʨʸ ʻʴʫʨ
ʪʨʳʵʨʱʲʵ. ʨʹʬʯʰʨ ʨʩʹʵʲʻʺʰʹ ʪʨʪʬʩʨ.

4554

Tavi meoTxe – transcendenturi codna

ʹʰʩʸ˃ʴʰʹ ʻʱʳʨʸʵʩʰʹ ʪʨʳʵ ˆˀʰʸʨʫ ʰʲʻʮʰʨ ʪʭʰʩʰʴʫʨʭʹ
ʪʵʴʬʩʨʹ ʫʨ ʭʼʰʽʸʵʩʯ, ʸʵʳ ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹʨʪʨʴ ʪʨʴ˂ʨʲʱʬʭʬʩʻʲʨʫ
ʭʨʸʹʬʩʵʩʯ. ʯʻʳ˂ʨ ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ ˂ʨʲʱʬʻʲʰ ʴʨ˄ʰʲʨʱʬʩʰ ʭʨʸʯ, ʳʨʰʴ˂
ʳʰʹʴʨʰʸʬʩʰ ʭʨʸʯ ʫʨ ʳʨʹʯʨʴ ʭʨʸʯ. ˂ʵ˂ˆʨʲ ʨʸʹʬʩʨʯʨ
ʹˆʬʻʲʰʹʬʻʲʰ ʪʨʴʹˆʭʨʭʬʩʰʹ ʸ˄ʳʬʴʨ ʳʨʰʨʨ, ʨʴʻ ʨʸʨʸʬʨʲʻʸʰ
ʼʨʽʺʰʨ.
ʿʵʭʬʲʰ ˁʭʬʴʪʨʴʰʹ ʫʨʴʰˀʴʻʲʬʩʨʨ ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ ʫʨʱʳʨʿʵʼʰʲʬʩʨ.
ʳˆʵʲʵʫ ʳʨʰʨʹ ʪʨʳʵ ʼʰʽʸʵʩʫʨ ʨʸˇʻʴʨ, ʸʵʳ ʴʨʯʬʹʨʭʬʩʯʨʴ
˄ʨʸʳʨʭʨʲʰ ʹˆʬʻʲʰʹʬʻʲʰ ʻʸʯʰʬʸʯʵʩʨ ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹʯʨʴ ʳʨʸʨʫʰʻʲ
ʹˆʬʻʲʰʹʬʻʲ ʻʸʯʰʬʸʯʵʩʨʮʬ ʳʴʰˀʭʴʬʲʵʭʨʴʰ ʰʿʵ. “ʪʰʺʨʹ”
ʳʯʬʲʰ ʳʵ˃ʾʭʸʬʩʰʹ ʳʰʮʨʴʰ˂ ʬʹ ʨʸʰʹ - ʱʬʸ˃ʵʫ, ˀʬʻ˃ʲʬʩʬʲʰʨ
˂ʵ˂ˆʨʲʰ ʨʸʹʬʩʰʹ, ʸʵʪʵʸ˂ ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ ʳʨʸʨʫʰʻʲʰ ʳʹʨˆʻʸʰʹ,
ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹʪʨʴ ʪʨʴ˂ʨʲʱʬʭʬʩʨ: ʰʳ ˀʬʪʸ˃ʴʬʩʨʹ ʱʰ, ʸʵʳ ʰʪʰ ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹʪʨʴ
ʪʨʴ˂ʨʲʱʬʭʬʩʻʲʰ ʨʸʹʬʩʨʨ, ʳʨʰʨ ʬ˄ʵʫʬʩʨ.
˂ʵ˂ˆʨʲ ʨʸʹʬʩʬʩʹ, ʸʵʪʵʸ˂ ʻʮʬʴʨʬʹʰʹ ʪʨʴ˂ʨʲʱʭʬʩʻʲ ʫʨ
ʳʨʹʯʨʴ ʪʨʴʻʿʵʼʬʲ ʴʨ˄ʰʲʨʱʬʩʹ, ʯʨʭʰʨʴʯʰ ʫʨʴʰˀʴʻʲʬʩʨ ʨʽʭʯ
ʨʾʹʨʹʸʻʲʬʩʬʲʰ. ʻʹˆʵʭʨʸʰ ʫʸʵʰʫʨʴ ʨʳ ʫʨʴʰˀʴʻʲʬʩʰʹ
ʫʨʭʰ˄ʿʬʩʰʹ ʪʨʳʵ ʰʹʰʴʰ ʳʵʽ˂ʬʻʲʴʰ ʨʸʰʨʴ ʹˆʭʨʫʨʹˆʭʨ
ʹˆʬʻʲʬʩˀʰ: ʨʫʨʳʰʨʴʬʩˀʰ, ˂ˆʵʭʬʲʬʩˀʰ, ʴʨˆʬʭʨʸʾʳʬʸʯʬʩʹʨ ʫʨ
ʹˆʭʨ. ʨʹʬʯʰ ʹˆʬʻʲʰʹʬʻʲʰ ʪʨʴʹˆʭʨʭʬʩʨʴʰ ʻʼʲʰʹ
ʺʸʨʴʹ˂ʬʴʫʬʴʺʻʸʰ ʳʹʨˆʻʸʬʩʰʹ ʫʨʭʰ˄ʿʬʩʰʹ ʪʨʳʵ ʨʾʳʵ˂ʬʴʫʬʩʨ.
ʳʨʪʸʨʳ ʸʵʫʬʹʨ˂ ˂ʵ˂ˆʨʲʰ ʨʸʹʬʩʨ ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ ˂ʴʵʩʰʬʸʬʩʰʹ
ʹʨˀʻʨʲʬʩʰʯ ʺʸʨʴʹ˂ʬʴʫʬʴʺʻʸ ʹʨʳʹʨˆʻʸʹ ʰ˄ʿʬʩʹ, ʻʳʨʲ
ʯʨʭʰʹʻʼʲʫʬʩʨ ʨʳ ʰʲʻʮʰʰʹʨʪʨʴ.
ʨʹʬʯʰ ˄ʳʰʴʫʨ ʹʰʩʸ˃ʴʰʹ ʪʨʪʬʩʨ ʳˆʵʲʵʫ ˅ʬˀʳʨʸʰʺʰ ʹʻʲʰʬʸʰ
ʳʵ˃ʾʭʸʰʹʨʪʨʴ ʨʸʰʹ ˀʬʹʨ˃ʲʬʩʬʲʰ. ʨʳʰʯ ˀʬʰ˃ʲʬʩʨ ʰʳ ˀʬ˂ʫʵʳʰʹ
ʯʨʭʰʫʨʴ ʨʸʰʫʬʩʨ, ʸʵʳ ˂ʵ˂ˆʨʲ ʨʸʹʬʩʨ ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ ʯʨʴʨʹ˄ʵʸʰʨ.
ʹʸʻʲʿʵʼʰʲʰ ˂ʵʫʴʰ ʱʰ ʰʳʨˀʰ ʪʭʨʸ˄ʳʻʴʬʩʹ, ʸʵʳ ʻʮʬʴʨʬʹʰ
ʹʻʲʰ ʱʸʰˀʴʨ ʿʵʭʬʲʰ ˂ʵ˂ˆʨʲʰ ʨʸʹʬʩʰʹ ʻʳʨʾʲʬʹʰ
ʯʨʭˀʬʹʨʼʨʸʰʨ: ʯʻ ʨʳʨʹ ʪʭʬʸʫʹ ʨʭʻʭʲʰʯ, ʳʨʺʬʸʰʨʲʻʸʰ
ʬʴʬʸʪʰʨ ʪʭʨ˂ʯʻʴʬʩʹ ʫʨ ʹʨʱʻʯʨʸ ʯʨʭʹ ʻʼʲʰʹʨʪʨʴ ʹʸʻʲʰʨʫ
ʫʨʳʵʻʱʰʫʬʩʬʲ, ʪʨʴ˂ʨʲʱʬʭʬʻʩʲ ʶʰʸʵʭʴʬʩʨʫ
˄ʨʸʳʵʪʭʨʫʪʬʴʰʴʬʩʹ.

4654

Tavi meoTxe – transcendenturi codna

ʨʳʸʰʪʨʫ, ʹˆʭʨʫʨʹˆʭʨ ʫʵʴʰʹ ʳʨʺʬʸʰʨʲʻʸʰ ʪʨʰʪʰʭʬʩʰʹ
ˀʬʫʬʪʨʫ ʻʳʬ˂ʨʸʴʰ ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ ʰʭʰ˄ʿʬʩʬʴ. ʳʨʪʸʨʳ ʸʵʫʬʹʨ˂ ʨʹʬʯʰ
ʯʨʭʪʮʨʨʩʴʬʻʲʰ ʶʰʸʵʭʴʬʩʨʴʰ ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ ˂ʴʵʩʰʬʸʬʩʨʹ ʨʼʨʸʬʩʬʴ
ʯʨʭʹ, ʻʴʫʨ ʭʰ˄ʸʳʻʴʵʯ, ʸʵʳ ʪʨʴʯʨʭʰʹʻʼʲʬʩʰʹ ʪʮʨʹ ʨʫʪʨʴʨʴ.
“ʩˈʨʪʨʭʨʺʨʳˀʰ” (2.10.6) ʫʨʫʨʺʻʸʬʩʻʲʰʨ: ʪʨʴʯʨʭʰʹʻʼʲʬʩʨ
ʴʰˀʴʨʭʹ ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ ʳʨʸʨʫʰʻʲʰ ʳʹʨˆʻʸʰʹ (ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ ˂ʴʵʩʰʬʸʬʩʰʹ)
ʫʨʫʪʰʴʬʩʻʲ ʿʵʼʴʨʹ.
ʲʬʽʹʰ 36
ʿʵʭʬʲ ˂ʵʫʭʰʲʯʨ ˀʵʸʰʹ ʻʫʰʫʬʹ ˂ʵʫʭʰʲʨʫʨ˂ ʸʵʳ
ʰʯʭʲʬʩʵʫʬ, ʺʸʨʴʹ˂ʬʴʫʬʴʺʻʸʰ ʹʰʩʸ˃ʴʰʹ ˆʵʳʨʲʫʰʯ ʰʵʲʨʫ
ʪʨʫʨ˂ʻʸʨʭ ʺʨʴˇʭʰʹ ʵʱʬʨʴʬʹ.
ˀʰʴʨ-ʨʸʹʰ. ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹʯʨʴ ʻʸʯʰʬʸʯʵʩʨˀʰ ʹʨʱʻʯʨʸʰ
ʫʨʫʪʰʴʬʩʻʲʰ ʳʫʪʵʳʨʸʬʵʩʰʹ ˀʬ˂ʴʵʩʨ ʰʳʫʬʴʨʫ ʳˀʭʬʴʰʬʸʰʨ,
ʸʵʳ ʨʫʨʳʰʨʴʰ ʨʸʹʬʩʵʩʰʹʯʭʰʹ ʩʸ˃ʵʲʰʹ ʵʱʬʨʴʰʹ ʳʺʨʴˇʭʬʲ
ʮʭʰʸʯʬʩʹ ʻʳʨʲ ʨʾ˄ʬʭʹ ʯʨʭʹ. ʳʨʺʬʸʰʨʲʻʸʰ ʹʨʳʿʨʸʵ ʮʵʪˇʬʸ
ˀʬʫʨʸʬʩʻʲʰʨ ʻʳʬ˂ʸʬʩʰʹ ʵʱʬʨʴʬʹ, ʮʵʪˇʬʸ ʱʰ ˂ʬ˂ˆʲʳʵʫʬʩʻʲ
ʺʿʬʹ. ʸʨ˂ ʨʸ ʻʴʫʨ ʱʨʸʪʰ ʳʵ˂ʻʸʨʭʬ ʰʿʵʹ ʨʫʨʳʰʨʴʰ, ʵʱʬʨʴʬʹʯʨʴ
˅ʰʫʰʲʰ ʳʨʹʨ˂ ʪʨʻ˅ʰʸʫʬʩʨ. ʯʻʱʰ ʭʰʴʳʬ ʫʨˆʳʨʸʬʩʰʹ ˆʬʲʹ
ʪʨʻ˄ʭʫʰʹ ʪʨʴ˄ʰʸʻʲ ʳʵ˂ʻʸʨʭʬʹ ʫʨ ʵʱʬʨʴʰʫʨʴ ʨʳʵʰʿʭʨʴʹ, ʰʪʰ
ʻʫʰʫʬʹʰ ʳˆʹʴʬʲʰ ʰʽʴʬʩʨ. ʻʮʬʴʨʬʹʰ ʾʳʸʯʨʬʩʸʰʭʰ
ʶʰʸʵʭʴʬʩʰʹʨʪʨʴ ʳʰʾʬʩʻʲʰ ʹʸʻʲʿʵʼʰʲʰ ʹʰʩʸ˃ʴʬ
ʪʨʴʯʨʭʰʹʻʼʲʬʩʰʹ ʪʮʨʨ. ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ ˂ʴʵʩʰʬʸʬʩʰʹ ˆʵʳʨʲʫʰ
ʿʭʬʲʨʮʬ ʻʺʿʻʨʸʰ ʫʨ ʿʭʬʲʨʮʬ ʨʳʨʾʲʬʩʻʲʰ ʳˆʹʴʬʲʰʨ.
ʲʬʽʹʰ 37
ʸʵʪʵʸ˂ ʳʵʪʰʮʪʰʮʬ ˂ʬ˂ˆʲʰ ʼʬʸʼʲʨʫ ʨʽ˂ʬʭʹ ˆʰʹ ʳʵʸʹ, ʵ,
ʨʸˇʻʴʨ, ʹʰʩʸ˃ʴʰʹ ʨʲʰ˂ ʨʹʬʭʬ ˀʯʨʴʯʽʨʭʹ ʳʨʺʬʸʰʨʲʻʸ
ʹʨʽʳʰʨʴʵʩʨʯʨ ʿʵʭʬʲ ˂ʵʫʭʨʹ.
ˀʰʴʨ-ʨʸʹʰ. ʹʨʱʻʯʨʸʰ ʳʬʹ ʫʨ ʻʮʬʴʨʬʹʰ ʳʬʵʩʰʹ, ʳʨʯʰ
ʻʸʯʰʬʸʯʵʩʰʹ ˀʬʹʨˆʬʩ ʹʸʻʲʿʵʼʰʲʰ ˂ʵʫʴʨ ʨʽ ˂ʬ˂ˆʲʯʨʴʨʨ
ˀʬʫʨʸʬʩʻʲʰ. ˂ʬ˂ˆʲʰ ˀʯʨʴʯʽʨʭʹ ʨʸʨ ʳˆʵʲʵʫ ʩʰ˄ʰʬʸ
ʹʨʽʳʰʨʴʵʩʨʯʨ, ʨʸʨʳʬʫ ʾʭʯʰʹʳʵʹʨʭ ʹʨʽʳʰʨʴʵʩʨʯʨ ʿʵʭʬʲ

4754

Tavi meoTxe – transcendenturi codna

ʸʬʨʽ˂ʰʨʹʨ˂ ʼʬʸʼʲʨʫ ʨʽ˂ʬʭʹ. ʨʸʹʬʩʵʩʹ ʸʬʨʽ˂ʰʰʹ ʳʸʨʭʨʲʰ
ʹʺʨʫʰʨ: ˄ʨʸʳʵʽʳʴʰʹ ʹʺʨʫʰʨ, ʹʺʨʫʰʨ, ʸʵ˂ʨ ʸʬʨʽ˂ʰʨ ʴʨʿʵʼʹ
ʰ˃ʲʬʭʨ ʫʨ ʻʫʨʭʵ ʸʬʨʽ˂ʰʨ. ʳʨʪʸʨʳ ˂ʵ˂ˆʨʲʰ ʨʸʹʬʩʰʹ
ʫʨʫʪʬʴʰʲʰ ʳʫʪʵʳʨʸʬʵʩʰʹ ˀʬʹʨˆʬʩ ʹʸʻʲʰ ˂ʵʫʴʨ ʿʭʬʲʨʼʬʸʹ
ʼʬʸʼʲʨʫ ʨʽ˂ʬʭʹ, ʿʵʭʬʲʰ ʸʬʨʽ˂ʰʨ, ʻʹʰʺʿʭʵʫ ʳʰʹʨʾʬʩʰ˂ ʫʨ
ʫʨʳʺʱʰ˂ʬʩʨʫʰ˂, ʰʹʶʵʩʨ. ʭʬʫʬʩˀʰ (“ʩʸʰˈʨʫ-ʨʸʨʴʰʨʱʨ
ʻʶʨʴʰˀʨʫʰ” 4.4.22) ʴʨʯʽʭʨʳʰʨ: ʰʪʰ ʪʨʫʨʲʨˆʨʭʹ ˀʸʵʳʰʹ
ʾʭʯʰʹʳʵʹʨʭ ʫʨ ʩʰ˄ʰʬʸ ʸʬʨʽ˂ʰʬʩʹʨ˂.
ʲʬʽʹʰ 38
ʨʳ ʹʨʳʿʨʸʵˀʰ ʨʸʨʼʬʸʰʨ ʺʸʨʴʹ˂ʬʴʫʬʴʺʻʸ ʹʰʩʸ˃ʴʬʹʨʭʰʯ
ʨʳʨʾʲʬʩʻʲʰ ʫʨ ˄ʳʰʴʫʨ. ʰʪʰ ʹʸʻʲʰ ʳʰʹʺʰ˂ʰʮʳʰʹ ʳ˄ʰʼʬ
ʴʨʿʵʼʰʨ ʫʨ ʭʰʴ˂ ʬʸʯʪʻʲʰ ʹʨʳʹʨˆʻʸʰʯ ʹʸʻʲʿʵʼʨʹ ʳʰʨʾ˄ʰʨ,
ʫʸʵʯʨ ʪʨʴʳʨʭʲʵʩʨˀʰ ʹʨʱʻʯʨʸ ʯʨʭˀʰ ʫʨʭʨʴʬʩʻʲʰ ʨʳ ˂ʵʫʴʰʯ
ʰʴʬʺʨʸʬʩʹ.
ˀʰʴʨ-ʨʸʹʰ. ʺʸʨʴʹ˂ʬʴʫʬʴʺʻʸ ˂ʵʫʴʨʮʬ ʹʻʲʰʬʸʰ ˀʬʳʬ˂ʴʬʩʰʹ
ʯʭʨʲʹʨʮʸʰʹʰʯ ʭʹʨʻʩʸʵʩʯ. ʨʸ ʨʸʹʬʩʵʩʹ ʨʳ ʹʰʩʸ˃ʴʰʹ ʹʨʫʨʸʰ
ʨʳʨʾʲʬʩʻʲʰ ʫʨ ˄ʳʰʴʫʨ ʸʨʳ. ʻʳʬ˂ʸʬʩʨ ˁʭʬʴʰ ʺʿʭʬʵʩʰʹ, ˂ʵʫʴʨ
ʱʰ - ʪʨʴʯʨʭʰʹʻʼʲʬʩʰʹ ʹʨˀʻʨʲʬʩʨʹ ˄ʨʸʳʵʨʫʪʬʴʹ. ʬʹ ˂ʵʫʴʨ
ʬʸʯʪʻʲʰ ʹʨʳʹʨˆʻʸʰʹ ʳ˄ʰʼʬ ʴʨʿʵʼʰʨ ʫʨ ʸʵʫʬʹʨ˂
˂ʵ˂ˆʨʲʰʨʸʹʬʩʨ ʨʳ ʾʭʯʰʻʸ ʹʰʩʸ˃ʴʬʹ ˀʬʰ˂ʴʵʩʹ, ʨʸ ʫʨʹ˅ʰʸʫʬʩʨ
ʳˀʭʰʫʵʩʰʹʨ ʫʨ ʩʬʫʴʰʬʸʬʩʰʹ ʹˆʭʨʪʨʴ ˃ʬʩʴʨ, ʭʰʴʨʰʫʨʴ ʹʨʱʻʯʨʸ
ʯʨʭˀʰ ˁʨʩʸʻʴʫʬʩʨ ʴʬʺʨʸʬʩʰʹʨʯʭʰʹ. ʹˆʭʨʪʭʨʸʨʫ ʸʵʳ ʭʯʽʭʨʯ, ʬʹ
˂ʵʫʴʨ ʫʨ ʳˀʭʰʫʵʩʨ ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ ˂ʴʵʩʰʬʸʬʩʨˀʰ ʨʾ˄ʬʭʹ ʳ˄ʭʬʸʭʨʲʹ.
ʬʹ ʨʸʰʹ “ʩˈʨʪʨʭʨʫ-ʪʰʺʨʹ” ʩʵʲʵ ˀʬʪʵʴʬʩʨ.
ʲʬʽʹʰ 39
ʸ˄ʳʬʴʰʯ ʨʾʹʨʭʹʬ ʨʫʨʳʰʨʴʰ, ʸʵʳʬʲʳʨ˂ ʺʸʨʴʹ˂ʬʴʫʬʴʺʻʸʰ
ʹʰʩʸ˃ʴʰʹ ˀʬʳ˂ʴʵʩʨʫ ʫʨ ʪʸ˃ʴʵʩʨʯʨ ʩʨʺʵʴʨʫ ʫʨʰʪʻʲʨ ʯʨʭʰ,
ʾʭʯʰʻʸʰ ʱʻʸʯˆʬʭʰʹ ʾʰʸʹʰʨ ʫʨ ʳʨʲʬ ʻʳʨʾʲʬʹ ʳˀʭʰʫʵʩʨʹ
ʳʰʨʾ˄ʬʭʹ.
ˀʰʴʨ-ʨʸʹʰ. ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ ˂ʴʵʩʰʬʸʬʩʨˀʰ ʨʹʬʯʰ ˂ʵʫʴʨ ˀʬʰ˃ʲʬʩʨ
ʳʰʰʾʵʹ ʳʨʴ, ʭʰʹʨ˂ ʻʼʲʰʹ ʳʺʱʰ˂ʬ ʸ˄ʳʬʴʨ ʨʽʭʹ, ʭʰʹʨ˂ ʻʩʸʨʲʵʫ

4854

Tavi meoTxe – transcendenturi codna

ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ ˂ʴʵʩʰʬʸʬʩʨˀʰ ʳʵʽʳʬʫʬʩʰʯ ʻʳʨʾʲʬʹʰ ʹʸʻʲʽʳʴʨ
ˀʬʻ˃ʲʰʨ. ʬʹ ʸ˄ʳʬʴʨ ʪʨʴˆʵʸ˂ʰʬʲʫʬʩʨ ʬʸʯʪʻʲʰ ʳʹʨˆʻʸʬʩʰʯ ʫʨ
- ˈʨʸʬ ʱʸʰˀʴʨ, ˈʨʸʬ ʱʸʰˀʴʨ, ʱʸʰˀʴʨ ʱʸʰˀʴʨ, ˈʨʸʬ ˈʨʸʬ, ˈʨʸʬ ʸʨʳʨ,
ˈʨʸʬ ʸʨʳʨ, ʸʨʳʨ ʸʨʳʨ, ˈʨʸʬ ˈʨʸʬ - ʪʨʲʵʩʰʯ, ʸʨ˂ ʪʨʴʨʹʶʬʺʨʱʬʩʹ
ʪʻʲʹ ʿʵʭʬʲʪʭʨʸʰ ʳʨʺʬʸʰʨʲʻʸʰ ʹʰʩʰʴ˃ʻʸʰʹʨʪʨʴ. ʨʳʰʹ ʪʨʸʫʨ,
ʹʨ˅ʰʸʵʨ ʪʸ˃ʴʵʩʨʯʨ ʫʨʳʵʸˁʰʲʬʩʨ. ʭʰʹʨ˂ ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ ʸ˄ʳʬʴʨ ʨʽʭʹ ʫʨ
ʹʨʱʻʯʨʸ ʪʸ˃ʴʵʩʨʯʨ ʪʨʳʸʰʪʬʨ, ʨʫʭʰʲʨʫ, ʬʸʯʩʨˀʨʫ ʨʾ˄ʬʭʹ
ʹʸʻʲʽʳʴʨʹ ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ ˂ʴʵʩʰʬʸʬʩʨˀʰ.
ʲʬʽʹʰ 40
ʳʨʪʸʨʳ ʻʳʬ˂ʨʸʴʰ ʫʨ ʻʸ˄ʳʻʴʵʴʰ, ʸʵʳʲʬʩʰ˂ ʪʨʴʫʵʩʰʲʰ
˄ʬʸʰʲʬʩʰʹ ˅ʬˀʳʨʸʰʺʬʩʨʹ ʬ˅ʭʰʯ ʻʿʻʸʬʩʬʴ, ʭʬʸ ʨʾ˄ʬʭʬʴ
ʾʳʬʸʯʰʹ ˂ʴʵʩʰʬʸʬʩʨʳʫʬ; ʰʹʰʴʰ ʬ˂ʬʳʰʨʴ. ʬ˅ʭʰʯ ʪʨʯʨʴʪʻʲʰ
ʹʻʲʬʩʰ ʨʸ˂ ʹʰ˂ʵ˂ˆʲʬˀʰ ʫʨ ʨʸ˂ ʹʰʱʭʫʰʲʰʹ ˀʬʳʫʬʪ
ʩʬʫʴʰʬʸʬʩʨʹ ʭʬʸ ˈʶʵʭʬʩʬʴ.
ˀʰʴʨ-ʨʸʹʰ. ʳʸʨʭʨʲ ʫʨʫʪʬʴʰʲ ʫʨ ʪʨʴʫʵʩʰʲ ˄ʬʸʰʲʯʨ ˀʵʸʰʹ
“ʩˈʨʪʨʭʨʫ-ʪʰʺʨ” ʻʶʰʸʭʬʲʬʹʰʨ. ˆʨʲˆʹ, ʸʵʳʬʲʰ˂ ʯʰʯʽʳʰʹ
˂ˆʵʭʬʲʯʨ ʫʵʴʬʮʬʨ ʫʨʹʻʲʰ, ʨʸ˂ ʹ˄ʨʳʹ, ʨʸ˂ ʨʾʰʨʸʬʩʻʲ
ʪʨʴʫʵʩʰʲ ˄ʬʸʰʲʯʨ ˂ʵʫʴʨ ʨʽʭʹ; ʮʵʪʰʬʸʯʬʩʰ ʬʸʱʭʬʭʰʨʴ ʳʨʯˀʰ
ʨʴ ʳʨʯʪʨʴ ʨʫʪʰʲʬʩʰʹ ˂ʰʺʰʸʬʩʨ˂ ˀʬʻ˃ʲʰʨʯ, ʳʨʪʸʨʳ ʨʳ ʹʰʺʿʭʬʩʰ
ʸ˄ʳʬʴʨ ʨʸ ʪʨʨˁʴʰʨʯ. ʮʵʪʹ ˀʬʰ˃ʲʬʩʨ ʹˇʬʸʵʫʹ ʰʹʬʯʰ ˄ʳʰʴʫʨ
˄ʬʸʰʲʬʩʰʹʨ, ʸʵʪʵʸʰ˂ʨʨ “ʩˈʨʪʨʭʨʫ-ʪʰʺʨ”, ʳʨʪʸʨʳ ʨʸ ʹ˄ʨʳʫʬʹ,
ʯʨʿʭʨʴʹ ʨʸ ʹ˂ʬʳʫʬʹ ʾʳʸʯʨʬʩʸʰʭ ʶʰʸʵʭʴʬʩʨʹ, ˀʸʰ ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ.
ʨʹʬʯʰ ʨʫʨʳʰʨʴʬʩʰ ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ ˂ʴʵʩʰʬʸʬʩʨˀʰ ʭʬʸ ˈʶʵʭʬʩʬʴ
ʯʨʭˀʬʹʨʼʨʸʹ, ʰʹʰʴʰ ʬ˂ʬʳʰʨʴ. ʮʬʳʵʯ ʴʨˆʹʬʴʬʩʰ ʶʰʸʵʭʴʬʩʬʩʰʫʨʴ
ʰʹʰʴʰ, ʭʰʹʨ˂ ʸ˄ʳʬʴʨ ˁʨˆˀʵʩʰʨ ʫʨ ʭʰʴ˂ ʰ˅ʭʴʬʻʲʰʨ, ʭʬʸʨʭʰʯʨʸ
˄ʨʸʳʨʺʬʩʨʹ ʭʬʸ ʨʾ˄ʬʭʬʴ. ʨʫʨʳʰʨʴʬʩʰ ʾʳʸʯʰʹʨ ʫʨ ʳʰʹʰ
ʪʨʴʫʵʩʰʲʰ ʹʰʺʿʭʬʩʰʹ ʨʸʳʸ˄ʳʬʴʴʰ ʱʨʸʪʹ ʭʬʸʨʼʬʸʹ ʶʵʻʲʵʩʬʴ
ʭʬʸ˂ ʨʳ ʹʨʳʿʨʸʵˀʰ, ʭʬʸ˂ ˀʬʳʫʬʪˀʰ. ʳʨʯ ʩʬʫʴʰʬʸʬʩʨ ʨʸ
ʬʾʰʸʹʬʩʨʯ. ʨʳʰʺʵʳ ˂ʵ˂ˆʨʲʰ ʨʸʹʬʩʨ ʪʨʴʫʵʩʰʲ ˄ʬʸʰʲʯʨ
ʶʸʰʴ˂ʰʶʬʩʹ ʸ˄ʳʬʴʰʯ ʻʴʫʨ ʪʨˈʿʭʬʹ ʫʨ ʨʳʰʯ ʯʨʴʫʨʯʨʴʵʩʰʯ
ʨʳʨʾʲʫʬʹ ʹʰʩʸ˃ʴʰʹ ʹʨʼʬˆʻʸʬʩʮʬ. ʳˆʵʲʵʫ ʬʹ ʫʨʬˆʳʨʸʬʩʨ
˂ʵ˂ˆʨʲ ʨʸʹʬʩʨʹ ʹʻʲʰʬʸʰ ˀʬʳʬ˂ʴʬʩʰʹ ʺʸʨʴʹ˂ʬʴʫʬʴʺʻʸ

4954

Tavi meoTxe – transcendenturi codna

˄ʰʴʹʭʲʨˀʰ. ʹˆʭʨʪʨʭʨʸʨʫ ʸʵʳ ʭʯʽʭʨʯ, ʬ˅ʭʰʨʴ ˆʨʲˆʹ ʹʻʲʰʬʸʰ
ʯʨʭʰʹʻʼʲʬʩʨ ʨʸ ʻ˄ʬʸʰʨ. ʨʳʰʺʵʳ ʳʵ˄ʨʼʬʵʩʸʰʭʰ
ʯʨʴʳʰʳʫʬʭʸʵʩʰʹ ʫʰʨʫʰ ʨˁʨʸʬʩʰʹ ʱʭʨʲʹ ʻʴʫʨ ʪʨʭʿʭʬʯ ʫʨ ʨʳʰʯ
˄ʨʸʳʨʺʬʩʨʹ ʳʰʭʨʾ˄ʰʵʯ.
ʲʬʽʹʰ 41
ʰʹ, ʭʰʴ˂ ʻʼʲʰʹ ʬʸʯʪʻʲ ʹʨʳʹʨˆʻʸˀʰʨ, ʰʾ˄ʭʰʹ, ʨʸʨʫ ʨʪʫʬʩʹ
ʯʨʭʰʹ ʹʨʽʳʰʨʴʵʩʨʯʨ ʴʨʿʵʼʹ ʫʨ ʯʨʭʰʹʰ ʬ˅ʭʬʩʰʹ
ʺʸʨʴʹ˂ʬʴʫʬʴʺʻʸʰ ˂ʵʫʴʰʯ ʪʨʨʴʨʫʪʻʸʨ, ʳʰʹ ʪʨʴʳʺʱʰ˂ʬʩʻʲ
ʪʵʴʬʩʨʹ ʭʬʾʨʸʨʼʬʸʰ ˀʬʨʸʿʬʭʹ. ʨʳʸʰʪʨʫ, ˀʸʵʳʰʹ ʩʵʸʱʰʲʬʩʰ
ʭʬʾʨʸ ˀʬʩʵ˅ʨʭʹ ʳʨʹ, ʵ, ʹʰʳʫʰʫʸʰʹ ʳʶʿʸʵʩʬʲʵ.
ˀʰʴʨ-ʨʸʹʰ. ʰʹ, ʭʰʴ˂ ʳʰˈʿʭʬʩʨ “ʩˈʨʪʨʭʨʫ-ʪʰʺʨʹ” ʹ˄ʨʭʲʬʩʨʹ, ʯʨʭʨʫ
ʾʳʸʯʨʬʩʸʰʭʰ ʶʰʸʵʭʴʬʩʰʹ ʴʨʩʵ˃ʬʩʹ, ʺʸʨʴʹ˂ʬʴʫʬʴʺʻʸʰ
ʹʰʩʸ˃ʴʰʹ ˄ʿʨʲʵʩʰʯ ʿʵʭʬʲʪʭʨʸʰ ʬ˅ʭʰʹʨʪʨʴ ʯʨʭʰʹʻʼʲʫʬʩʨ.
ʸʵʪʵʸ˂ ʻʼʲʰʹ ʪʨʴʻʿʵʼʬʲʰ ʴʨ˄ʰʲʨʱʰ, ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ ˂ʴʵʩʰʬʸʬʩʨˀʰ
ʫʨʫʪʰʴʬʩʻʲʰ ʹʨʱʻʯʨʸʰ ʳʬʵʩʰʹ ˀʬʳ˂ʴʵʩʰ ˆʫʬʩʨ ʫʨ ˀʸʵʳʰʹ
ʳʵʴʨʪʨʸʰʹ ʺʿʭʬʵʩʨʹ ʯʨʭʹ ʨʾ˄ʬʭʹ.
ʲʬʽʹʰ 42
ʨʳʰʺʵʳ ʻʳʬ˂ʸʬʩʰʹ ʪʨʳʵ ˀʬʴʹ ʪʻʲˀʰ ʨʩʵʸʪʬʩʻʲʰ ʬ˅ʭʬʩʰ
˂ʵʫʴʰʹ ʰʨʸʨʾʰʯ ˁʨʱʨʲʰ, ʰʵʪʨʹ ˄ʭʸʯʰʯ ʯʨʭʫʨˇʬʸʬʩʻʲʵ, ʵ,
ʩˈʨʸʨʺʨʭ, ʨʾʹʫʬʽ ʫʨ ʰʩʸ˃ʵʲʬ!...
ˀʰʴʨ-ʨʸʹʰ. ʰʵʪʨʹ ʹʰʹʺʬʳʨʹ, ʸʵʳʬʲʰ˂ ʻʼʨʲʳʨ ʨʳ ʯʨʭˀʰ
ʪʭʨʹ˄ʨʭʲʨ, ʬ˄ʵʫʬʩʨ ʹʨʴʨʺʨʴʨ-ʰʵʪʨ, ʨʴʻ ˂ʵ˂ˆʨʲʰ ʨʸʹʬʩʰʹ ʳʰʬʸ
ˀʬʹʸʻʲʬʩʻʲʰ ʳʨʸʨʫʰʻʲʰ ʹʨʽʳʰʨʴʵʩʬʩʰ. ʨʳ ʰʵʪʨˀʰ ʨʸʰʹ
ʳʹˆʭʬʸʶʲˀʬ˄ʰʸʭʨʯʨ ʵʸʰ ʪʨʴʨʿʵʼʰ: ʬʸʯʹ ʬ˄ʵʫʬʩʨ ʶʰʸʨʫʰ
ʳʰ˄ʰʬʸʰ ʹʨʱʻʯʸʬʩʰʹ ˀʬ˄ʰʸʭʨ, ʳʬʵʸʬʹ ʱʰ - ˂ʵʫʴʨ ʹʨʱʻʯʨʸʰ
ʳʬʵʩʰʹ ˀʬʹʨˆʬʩ, ʸʨ˂ ˄ʳʰʴʫʨ ʹʻʲʰʬʸʰ ˂ʵʫʴʨʨ. ʯʻ ʶʰʸʨʫʰ
ʳʨʺʬʸʰʨʲʻʸʰ ʹʨʱʻʯʸʬʩʰʹ ˀʬ˄ʰʸʭʨ ʹʻʲʰʬʸ ʸʬʨʲʰʮʨ˂ʰʹʯʨʴ
ʨʸ ʨʸʰʹ ʫʨʱʨʭˀʰʸʬʩʻʲʰ, ʰʪʰ ʯʨʭʨʫʨ˂ ʳʰ˄ʰʬʸʬʩʰʹ ʫʵʴʬʹ ʭʬʸ
ʨʹ˂ʫʬʩʨ. ʳʨʪʸʨʳ ʳʹˆʭʬʸʶʲˀʬ˄ʰʸʭʨ ʹʸʻʲʿʵʼʰʲʰʨ, ʯʻʱʰ
ʬʸʯʪʻʲʰ ʳʹʨˆʻʸʬʩʰʯ ʨʹʸʻʲʫʬʩʨ.

5054

Tavi meoTxe – transcendenturi codna

ʸʨ˂ ˀʬʬˆʬʩʨ ʹʻʲʰʬʸ ʹʨʽʳʰʨʴʵʩʬʩʹ, ʰʹʰʴʰ˂ ʵʸʨʫ ʰʿʵʼʨ:
ʹʨʱʻʯʨʸʰ ʳʬʵʩʰʹ, ʨʴʻ ʹʨʱʻʯʨʸʰ ʫʨʫʪʰʴʬʩʻʲ ʳʫʪʵʳʨʸʬʵʩʰʹ
ˀʬ˂ʴʵʩʨ ʫʨ ˅ʬˀʳʨʸʰʺʬʩʨ ʻʮʬʴʨʬʹʰ ʶʰʸʵʭʴʬʩʰʹ ˀʬʹʨˆʬʩ. ʰʹ, ʭʰʴ˂
“ʩˈʨʪʨʭʨʫ-ʪʰʺʨʹ” ʪʮʨʹ ʳʰˈʿʭʬʩʨ, ʨʫʭʰʲʨʫ ˆʭʫʬʩʨ ʹʻʲʰʬʸʰ
ʹʰʩʸ˃ʴʰʹ ʨʳ ʵʸʰ ʳʴʰˀʭʴʬʲʵʭʨʴʰ ʪʨʴʨʿʵʼʰʹ ʨʸʹʹ. ʳʨʹ ʨʸ
ʪʨʻ˅ʰʸʫʬʩʨ ʰʳʰʹ ʪʨʪʬʩʨ, ʸʵʳ ʹʻʲʰ ʻʼʲʰʹ ʪʨʴʻʿʵʼʬʲʰ
ʴʨ˄ʰʲʨʱʰʨ. ʨʹʬʯʰ ˂ʵʫʴʨ ʹʨʹʰʱʬʯʵʨ, ʭʰʴʨʰʫʨʴ ʳʰʹʰ ʹʨˀʻʨʲʬʩʰʯ
ʶʰʸʵʭʴʬʩʨ ʨʫʭʰʲʨʫ ʹ˄ʭʫʬʩʨ ʻʼʲʰʹ ʺʸʨʴʹ˂ʬʴʫʬʴʺʻʸ
ʹʨʽʳʰʨʴʵʩʬʩʹ.
ʨʳ ʯʨʭʰʹ ʫʨʹʨ˄ʿʰʹˀʰ ʯʨʭʨʫ ʻʮʬʴʨʬʹʰ ʻʼʨʲʰ ʹʨʻʩʸʵʩʫʨ
ʯʨʭʰʹ ʹʨʽʳʰʨʴʵʩʬʩʮʬ. ʰʹ, ʭʰʹʨ˂ ʨʸ ʬʹʳʰʹ “ʪʰʺʨʹ” ʹ˄ʨʭʲʬʩʨʴʰ,
ʻʸ˄ʳʻʴʵʨ ʫʨ ʰʯʭʲʬʩʨ, ʸʵʳ ʨʸʨʹ˄ʵʸʨʫ ʰʿʬʴʬʩʹ
ʾʭʯʰʭʩʵ˃ʬʩʻʲ ʴʨ˄ʰʲʵʩʸʰʭ ʫʨʳʵʻʱʰʫʬʩʲʵʩʨʹ. ʰʹ, ʭʰʹʨ˂
ʨʹʬʯʰ ʹ˄ʨʭʲʬʩʰʹ ʳʰʻˆʬʫʨʭʨʫ ʨʸ ʬʹʳʰʹ ʳʨʰʴ˂ ʻʼʲʰʹ, ʸʵʪʵʸ˂
ʳʨʸʨʫʰʻʲʰ, ʴʬʺʨʸʬʩʰʯ ʨʾʹʨʭʹʬ, ʿʵʭʲʰʹʳ˂ʵʫʴʬ ʾʳʸʯʨʬʩʸʰʭʰ
ʶʰʸʵʭʴʬʩʰʹ ˅ʬˀʳʨʸʰʺʰ ʩʻʴʬʩʨ, ʻʫʨʵʫ ʩʸʰʿʭʰʨ.
ʻʪʻʴʻʸʬʩʰʹ ʫʨ˃ʲʬʭʨ ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ ˂ʴʵʩʰʬʸʬʩʰʹ ʶʸʰʴ˂ʰʶʬʩʰʹ
ʯʨʴʫʨʯʨʴʵʩʰʯ ʳʰʾʬʩʰʯ ˀʬʰ˃ʲʬʩʨ. ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ ˂ʴʵʩʰʬʸʬʩʨ
ʰʾʭʰ˃ʬʩʹ ʴʨˆʬʭʨʸʾʳʬʸʯʬʩʰʹʨʯʭʰʹ ˀʬʹʸʻʲʬʩʻʲʰ ʹˆʭʨʫʨʹˆʭʨ
ʹʨˆʰʹ ʳʹˆʭʬʸʶʲˀʬ˄ʰʸʭʬʩʰʯ, ʩʸʨˈʳʨʴʰʹʨʫʳʰ
ʳʹˆʭʬʸʶʲˀʬ˄ʰʸʭʬʩʰʯ, ʳʹˆʭʬʸʶʲˀʬ˄ʰʸʭʬʩʰʯ ʻʩʰ˄ʵʬʩʰʹʨ ʯʻ
ʵˇʨˆʻʸʰ ˂ˆʵʭʸʬʩʰʹ ʳʰʳʨʸʯ, ʪʸ˃ʴʵʩʨʯʨ ʳʨʸʯʭʨˀʰ, ʳʰʹʺʰʻʸʰ
ʰʵʪʨʹ ʶʸʨʽʺʰʱʨˀʰ, ʬʶʰʯʰʳʰʬʩˀʰ, ʳʨʺʬʸʰʨʲʻʸ ʹʨʱʻʯʸʬʩʨʮʬ
ʻʨʸʰʹ ʯʽʳʨˀʰ, ʭʬʫʬʩʰʹ ˀʬʹ˄ʨʭʲʨʹʨ ʫʨ ʭʨʸʴʨˀʸʨʳʨ-ʫˈʨʸʳʨʹ
ʹʨˆʬʲʰʯ ˄ʵʫʬʩʻʲ ʹʵ˂ʰʨʲʻʸ ʰʴʹʺʰʺʻʺˀʰ ʳʵʴʨ˄ʰʲʬʵʩʰʯ.
ʿʵʭʬʲʰ ʬʹ ˃ʰʸʰʯʨʫʨʫ ʳʹˆʭʬʸʶʲˀʬ˄ʰʸʭʰʹ ʹʨˆʬʲʰʯ ʨʸʰʹ
˂ʴʵʩʰʲʰ ʫʨ ʫʨʳʿʨʸʬʩʻʲʰʨ ʳʵ˄ʬʹʸʰʪʬʩʻʲ ʳʵʽʳʬʫʬʩʬʩʮʬ,
ʸʵʳʬʲʯʨʪʨʴ ʻʳʴʰˀʭʴʬʲʵʭʨʴʬʹ ʼʨʽʺʵʸʹ ʯʭʰʯˀʬ˂ʴʵʩʨ
˄ʨʸʳʵʨʫʪʬʴʹ.
ʰʹ, ʭʰʴ˂ ʹ˄ʵʸʬʫ ʨʳ ʳʰʮʨʴʹ ʬ˃ʰʬʩʹ, “ʩˈʨʪʨʭʨʫ-ʪʰʺʨʹ”
ʪʻʲʰʯʨʫʰ ʳʵʹ˄ʨʭʲʬʨ; ʭʰʹʨ˂ ʱʸʰˀʴʨˀʰ ʬ˅ʭʰ ʬʶʨʸʬʩʨ, ʫʨ˂ʬʳʰʹ
ʳʹˆʭʬʸʶʲʰ ˆʫʬʩʨ. ʨʳʰʺʵʳ ʨʫʨʳʰʨʴʹ ʬ˃ʲʬʭʨ ʸˁʬʭʨ - “ʩˈʨʪʨʭʨʫʪʰʺʨ” ʨʴ ʴʬʩʰʹʳʰʬʸʰ ʹˆʭʨ ˄ʳʰʴʫʨ ˄ʬʸʰʲʰ ˅ʬˀʳʨʸʰʺʰ ʹʻʲʰʬʸʰ
ʳʵ˃ʾʭʸʰʹ ˆʬʲʳ˃ʾʭʨʴʬʲʵʩʰʯ, ʳʹʨˆʻʸʬʩʰʹʨ ʫʨ ʳʰʴʫʵʩʰʹ

5154

Tavi meoTxe – transcendenturi codna

ʹʨˀʻʨʲʬʩʰʯ ˀʬʰʹ˄ʨʭʲʵʹ. ˅ʬˀʳʨʸʰʺʰ ʹʻʲʰʬʸʰ ʳʵ˃ʾʭʨʸʰ
ʻˆʹʵʭʨʸʰ ʫʸʵʰʫʨʴ ʳʵʳʫʰʴʨʸʬ ʳʵ˄ʨʼʬʵʩʸʰʭ ʯʨʴʳʰʳʫʬʭʸʵʩʨʹ
ʳʰʬʱʻʯʭʴʬʩʨ ʫʨ ʨʸʨʹʵʫʬʹ ʪʨʫʨʻˆʭʬʭʹ ʻʼʲʰʹ ʹ˄ʨʭʲʬʩʰʹ
ʪʮʰʫʨʴ. ʬʹ ʹ˄ʨʭʲʬʩʨ ʱʰ ʳʰʲʰʵʴʵʩʰʯ ˄ʲʰʹ ˄ʰʴʨʯ ʪʨʫʨʬ˂ʨ ʳʮʰʹ
ʾʳʬʸʯʹ, ʭʰʹʪʨʴʨ˂ “ʩˈʨʪʨʭʨʫ-ʪʰʺʨʹ” ʫʨʸʰʪʬʩʬʩʳʨ ʳʰ˄ʰʬʸ
ʹʨʳʬʼʵʳʫʬ ʳʵʨʾ˄ʰʨ. ʨʳʰʺʵʳ ʨʫʨʳʰʨʴʰ “ʩˈʨʪʨʭʨʫ-ʪʰʺʨʹ” ʪʮʨʹ
ʰʹʬ ʻʴʫʨ ʪʨˈʿʭʬʹ, ʸʵʪʵʸ˂ ʬʹ ʯʨʭʨʫ “ʪʰʺʨˀʰʨ” ʳʵ˂ʬʳʻʲʰ ʫʨ
ʬʸʰʫʵʹ ʯʨʭʱʬʸ˃ʨ, ʶʰʸʨʫʰ ʪʨʴʫʰʫʬʩʰʹʱʬʴ ʳʹ˄ʸʨʼʬʲʯ,
ʸʵʳʲʬʰ˂ ʹˆʭʬʩʹʨ˂ ʨ˂ʫʬʴʬʴ ˅ʬˀʳʨʸʰʺʰ ʪʮʰʫʨʴ. ʻʼʨʲʰ ʻʫʨʵʫ
ʻʮʬʴʨʬʹʰ ʶʰʸʵʭʴʬʩʨʨ ʫʨ ʳʰʹʰ ʽʳʬʫʬʩʨʴʰ ʺʸʨʴʹ˂ʬʴʫʬʴʺʻʸʰʨ.
ʭʰʹʨ˂ ʬʹ ʬʹʳʰʹ, ʪʨʴʯʨʭʰʹʻʼʲʬʩʻʲʰ ʶʰʸʵʭʴʬʩʨ ʪʨˆʲʨʭʯ
“ʩˈʨʪʨʭʨʫ-ʪʰʺʨʹ” ˀʬʹ˄ʨʭʲʰʹ ʫʨ˄ʿʬʩʨʳʫʬ.
ʨʳʰʯ ʳʯʨʭʸʫʬʩʨ ʩˈʨʱʺʰʭʬʫʨʴʺʨʹ ʱʵʳʬʴʺʨʸʬʩʰ “ˀʸʰʳʨʫ
ʩˈʨʪʨʭʨʫ-ʪʰʺʨʹ” ʳʬʵʯˆʬ ʯʨʭʮʬ, ʸʵʳʬʲʰ ʺʸʨʴʹ˂ʬʴʫʬʴʺʻʸ
˂ʵʫʴʨʹ ʬˆʬʩʨ.

5254

ʯʨʭʰ ʳʬˆʻʯʬ
ʱʨʸʳʨ-ʰʵʪʨ ʨʴʻ ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ ˂ʴʵʩʰʬʸʬʩʨˀʰ ʳʵʽʳʬʫʬʩʰʹ ʰʵʪʨ
ʲʬʽʹʰ 1
ʨʸˇʻʴʨʳ ʯʽʭʨ: ʵ, ʱʸʰˀʴʨ, ˇʬʸ ˀʸʵʳʰʹʨʪʨʴ ʪʨʴʫʪʵʳʨʹ ʳʰʸˁʬʭ,
ˀʬʳʫʬʪ ʱʰ ʱʭʲʨʭ ʬʸʯʪʻʲʬʩʰʯ ˀʸʵʳʰʹʨʱʬʴ ʳʵʳʰ˄ʵʫʬʩ. ʪʯˆʵʭ,
ʪʨʳʨʸʱʭʰʬ, ʸʵʳʬʲʰʨ ʨʳ ʵʸʯʨʪʨʴ ʻʼʸʵ ʹʨʹʰʱʬʯʵ?
ˀʰʴʨ-ʨʸʹʰ. “ʩˈʨʪʨʭʨʫ-ʪʰʺʨʹ” ʳʬˆʻʯʬ ʯʨʭˀʰ ʻʼʨʲʰ ʪʭʰʸˁʬʭʹ,
ʸʵʳ ʪʨʳʵʼʰʺʻʲ ʹʶʬʱʻʲʨ˂ʰʻʸ ʳʹˇʬʲʵʩʬʩʹ ʬʸʯʪʻʲ
ʹʨʳʹʨˆʻʸˀʰ ˀʸʵʳʨ ʹˇʵʩʰʨ. ʬʸʯʪʻʲʰ ʹʨʳʹʨˆʻʸʰ
ʺʸʨʴʹ˂ʬʴʫʬʴʺʻʸʰʨ ʫʨ ʨʳʰʺʵʳ ʰʵʲʰ˂, ʭʰʴʨʰʫʨʴ ˂ʵ˂ˆʨʲ
ʨʸʹʬʩʨʹ ˀʸʵʳʰʹ ʯʨʴʳˆʲʬʩʰ ʸʬʨʽ˂ʰʬʩʰʹʨʪʨʴ ʨʯʨʭʰʹʻʼʲʬʩʹ.
ʳʬʵʸʬ ʯʨʭˀʰ ʪʨʴˆʰʲʻʲʰ ʰʿʵ ʹʨ˄ʿʰʹʰ ˂ʵʫʴʨ ʹʻʲʰʹʨ ʫʨ
ʳʨʺʬʸʰʨʲʻʸ ʹˆʬʻʲˀʰ ʳʰʹʰ ʺʿʭʬʵʩʰʹ ˀʬʹʨˆʬʩ, ʨʳʨʹʯʨʴ
ʳʰʯʰʯʬʩʻʲʰ ʳʨʺʬʸʰʨʲʻʸʰ ʺʿʭʬʵʩʰʫʨʴ ʯʨʭʰʹ ʫʨʾ˄ʬʭʰʹ ʪʮʨ
ʩʻʫˈʰ-ʰʵʪʨʹ, ʨʴʻ ʬʸʯʪʻʲʰ ʹʨʳʹʨˆʻʸʰʹ ʳʬˀʭʬʵʩʰʯ. ʳʬʹʨʳʬ
ʯʨʭʰ ʬ˃ʾʭʴʬʩʵʫʨ ˂ʵʫʴʰʹ ʪʨʸʱʭʬʻʲ ʹʨʼʬˆʻʸʮʬ ʳʿʵʼʰ
ʶʰʸʵʭʴʬʩʰʹ ʯʨʭʰʹʻʼʲʬʩʨʹ ʴʬʩʰʹʳʰʬʸʰ ʳʵʭʨʲʬʵʩʰʹ
ˀʬʹʸʻʲʬʩʰʹʨʪʨʴ. ʳʬʵʯˆʬ ʯʨʭˀʰ ʱʰ ʻʼʨʲʳʨ ʨʻˆʹʴʨ ʨʸˇʻʴʨʹ,
ʸʵʳ ʳʹˆʭʬʸʶʲʨʫ ʪʨʾʬʩʻʲʰ ʿʵʭʬʲʰ ʹʨʽʳʰʨʴʵʩʰʹ ʳ˄ʭʬʸʭʨʲʰ
ʹʰʩʸ˃ʴʬʨ. ʨʳʨʭʬ ʯʨʭʰʹ ʫʨʹʨʹʸʻʲʹ ʻʼʨʲʳʨ ʨʸˇʻʴʨʹ,
ʹʸʻʲʿʵʼʰʲʰ ˂ʵʫʴʰʯ ˃ʨʲʳʵʹʰʲʹ, ʪʨʳʵʼˆʰʮʲʬʩʰʹʨ ʫʨ
ʩʸ˃ʵʲʰʹʨʱʬʴ ʳʵʻ˄ʵʫʨ.
ʬʸʯʫʸʵʻʲʨʫ ʬʸʯʪʻʲʬʩʰʯ ˀʸʵʳʰʹʨ ʫʨ ˂ʵʫʴʰʯ
ʻʳʵʽʳʬʫʵʩʰʹ ʳʴʰˀʭʴʬʲʵʩʰʹ ˆʨʮʪʨʹʳʰʯ ʻʼʨʲʳʨ ʹʨʪʵʴʬʩʬʲˀʰ
ˁʨʨʪʫʵ ʨʸˇʻʴʨ, ʸʵʳʬʲʳʨ˂ ʨʾʨʸ ʰ˂ʵʫʨ, ʸʨ ʪʮʨʹ ʫʨʹʫʪʵʳʵʫʨ.
ʨʸˇʻʴʨʳ ʪʨʰʪʵ, ʸʵʳ ʪʨʴʫʬʪʰʲʵʩʨʹ ʪʸ˃ʴʵʩʨʯʨ
ʫʨʱʳʨʿʵʼʰʲʬʩʰʹʨʯʭʰʹ ʿʵʭʬʲʪʭʨʸʰ ʪʨʸˇʰʹʨ ʯʻ ʳ˂ʫʬʲʵʩʰʹ
ˀʬ˄ʿʭʬʺʨ ʳʵˈʿʭʬʩʨ; ʳʨʪʸʨʳ ʯʻʱʰ ʨʫʨʳʰʨʴʳʨ ʬʸʯʪʻʲ ʹʨʳʹʨˆʻʸˀʰ
ʻʨʸʰ ʻʴʫʨ ʯʽʭʨʹ ʻʽʳʨʫ ʿʵʼʴʨʮʬ ʫʨ ʻʴʫʨ ʰˀʸʵʳʵʹ, ʳʨˀʰʴ
ʸʵʪʵʸ ʨʾʰʱʭʬʯʬʩʨ ˀʸʵʳʨ? ʬ.ʰ. ʨʸˇʻʴʨ ʯʭʲʰʹ, ʸʵʳ ʹʨʴʰʨʹʨ, ʨʴʻ
˂ʵʫʴʰʯ ʪʨʴʫʬʪʰʲʵʩʨ ʿʵʭʬʲʪʭʨʸʰ ʹʨʽʳʰʨʴʵʩʰʹ ˀʬ˄ʿʭʬʺʨʹ
ʴʰˀʴʨʭʹ, ʸʨʱʰ ˀʸʵʳʨ ʫʨ ʪʨʴʫʬʪʰʲʵʩʨ ʬʸʯʳʨʴʬʯʯʨʴ

1

Tavi mexuTe – karma-ioga anu kriSnas cnobierebaSi moqmedebis ioga

ˀʬʻʯʨʭʹʬʩʲʨʫ ʬˁʭʬʴʬʩʨ. ʸʵʪʵʸ˂ ˁʨʴʹ, ʳʨʹ ʨʸ ʬʹʳʰʹ, ʸʵʳ
ʾʭʯʰʻʸʰ ˂ʵʫʴʰʯ ˀʬʹʸʻʲʬʩʻʲ ˀʸʵʳʨʹ ʨʸ ʨˆʲʨʭʹ ʸʨʰʳʬ
ˀʬʫʬʪʰ. ʨʳ ʻˀʬʫʬʪʵʩʰʹ ʯʭʨʲʹʨʮʸʰʹʰʯ ʰʪʰ ʻʽʳʨʫ ʿʵʼʴʰʹ
ʺʵʲʼʨʹʰʨ. ʨʳʰʺʵʳʨ˂ ˀʼʵʯʨʭʹ ʨʸˇʻʴʨ, ʸʨ ʪʮʨʹ ʫʨʨʫʪʬʹ –
ʮʻʸʪʰ ʨʽ˂ʰʵʹ ˀʸʵʳʨʹ ʯʻ ʹʸʻʲʰ ˂ʵʫʴʰʹ ʳʨʫʲʰʯ ʰˀʸʵʳʵʹ.
ʲʬʽʹʰ 2
ʾʳʸʯʨʬʩʸʰʭʳʨ ʶʰʸʵʭʴʬʩʨʳ ʩʸ˃ʨʴʨ: ˀʸʵʳʰʹʨʪʨʴ ʪʨʴʫʪʵʳʨ˂ʨ ʫʨ
ʬʸʯʪʻʲʬʩʰʯ ˀʸʵʳʨ˂ ʹʰʱʬʯʬʫ ˄ʨʨʫʪʬʩʨ ʪʨʴʯʨʭʰʹʻʼʲʬʩʰʹ
ʳʹʻʸʭʬʲʹ. ʳʨʪʸʨʳ ʨʳ ʵʸʰʫʨʴ ʬʸʯʪʻʲ ʹʨʳʹʨˆʻʸˀʰ ʪʨʸˇʨ
ʹˇʵʩʰʨ ʻʽʳʨʫ ʿʵʼʴʨʹ.
ˀʰʴʨ-ʨʸʹʰ. ʱʨʸʳʰʻʲʰ ʹʨʽʳʰʨʴʵʩʬʩʰ (ʪʸ˃ʴʵʩʨʯʨ
ʫʨʱʳʨʿʵʼʰʲʬʩʰʹʨʯʭʰʹ ˀʼʵʯʭʨ-ʪʨʸˇʨ) ʳʰ˄ʰʬʸʬʩʰʹ ʺʿʭʬʫ
ʨʽ˂ʬʭʹ ʨʫʨʳʰʨʴʹ. ʹʨʴʨʳ ʰʪʰ ʵʼʲʹ ʾʭʸʰʹ ʹˆʬʻʲʹ ʹʨʹʰʱʬʯʵʫ,
ʨʻ˂ʰʲʬʩʲʨʫ ʳʵʻ˄ʬʭʹ ʪʨʫʨʹʨˆʲʬʩʨ ʹˆʭʨʫʨʹˆʭʨ ʴʰʭʯʰʬʸ
ʪʨʸʹˀʰ – ʹˆʬʻʲˀʰ, ʸʰʯʨ˂ ʹʨʳʻʫʨʳʵʫ ʪʨʰʪʸ˃ʬʲʬʩʹ
ʺʿʭʬʫʿʵʼʴʰʹ ˆʭʬʫʸʹ.
“ˀʸʰʳʨʫ-ʩˈʨʪʨʭʨʺʨʳˀʰ” (5.5.4-5) ʬʹ ʨʹʬʨ ʫʨʫʨʹʺʻʸʬʩʻʲʰ:
“ʪʸ˃ʴʵʩʨʯʨ ʫʨʱʳʨʿʵʼʰʲʬʩʨʮʬ ʼʰʽʸʳʨ ˆʨʲˆʰ ʹʰʪʰʷʬʳʫʬ
ʳʰʰʿʭʨʴʨ ʫʨ ʪʵʴʬʩʰʫʨʴ ʨʳʵʻʫʪʵ, ʸʵʳ ʺʨʴˇʭʰʯ ʨʾʹʨʭʹʬ
ʨˆʲʨʴʫʬʲʰ ʹˆʬʻʲʰ ʳʨʯʰ ˄ʨʸʹʻʲʰ ʱʨʸʳʰʻʲʰ ʹʨʽʳʰʨʴʵʩʬʩʰʹ
ˀʬʫʬʪʰʨ. ʬʹ ʹˆʬʻʲʰ ˄ʨʸʳʨʭʨʲʰʨ, ʴʰʨʫʨʪ ʨʯʨʹʪʭʨʸ ʻʹʰʨʳʵʭʴʬʩʨʹ
ʨʿʬʴʬʩʹ ˂ʵ˂ˆʨʲ ʨʸʹʬʩʨʹ, ʨʳʰʺʵʳ ʪʸ˃ʴʵʩʨʯʨ ʳʹʨˆʻʸʨʫ ʨʸ ʻʴʫʨ
ʰʽ˂ʬʹ ʱʨ˂ʰ. ʩʬʫʰʹ˄ʬʸʰʹ ʳʹˆʭʬʸʶʲʰʨ ʰʪʰ, ʭʰʹʨ˂ ʨʸ ʨʰʴʺʬʸʬʩʹ
ʹʨʱʻʯʨʸʰ ˅ʬˀʳʨʸʰʺʰ “ʳʬ”. ʹʨʴʨʳ ʨʳʨʹ ʨʸ ˀʬʰ˂ʴʵʩʹ, ʨʫʨʳʰʨʴʰ
ʪʸ˃ʴʵʩʨʯʨ ʫʨʱʳʨʿʵʼʰʲʬʩʰʹʨʯʭʰʹ ʪʨʴʱʻʯʭʴʰʲʰ ʱʨʸʳʰʻʲʰ
ˀʸʵʳʰʹ ʻʾʬʲʹ ʭʬʸ ʳʵʰˀʵʸʬʩʹ ʫʨ ʹʨʱʻʯʨʸ ʹʻʸʭʰʲʯʨ
ʳʵʴʵʩʰʯ ˂ʴʵʩʰʬʸʬʩʨʫʨʩʰʴʫʻʲʳʨ ʹˆʬʻʲʰʫʨʴ ʹˆʬʻʲˀʰ ʻʴʫʨ
ʪʨʫʨʰʴʨ˂ʭʲʵʹ. ʱʨʸʳʰʻʲʰ ʳʰʮʴʬʩʰ ʸʵʳ˂ ʻʩʴʬʲʬʩʫʬʹ
˂ʴʵʩʰʬʸʬʩʨʹ ʫʨ ʻʳʬ˂ʸʬʩʰʹ ʩʰʴʫʰ ʬʾʵʩʬʩʵʫʬʹ, ˂ʵ˂ˆʨʲʳʨ
ʨʸʹʬʩʨʳ ʳʨʰʴ˂ ʻʴʫʨ ʹ˂ʨʫʵʹ ʭʨʹʻʫʬʭʨʹʨʫʳʰ ʬʸʯʪʻʲʰ
ʹʨʳʹʨˆʻʸʰʯʨ ʫʨ ʹʰʿʭʨʸʻʲʰʯ ʪʨʰʴʨʯʵʹ ˂ˆʵʭʸʬʩʨ. ʳˆʵʲʵʫ

2

Tavi mexuTe – karma-ioga anu kriSnas cnobierebaSi moqmedebis ioga

ʳʨˀʰʴ ʳʰʬ˂ʬʳʨ ʳʨʹ ʳʨʺʬʸʰʨʲʻʸʰ ʿʵʼʰʹʨʪʨʴ ʯʨʭʰʹ ʫʨʾ˄ʬʭʰʹ
ʹʨˀʻʨʲʬʩʨ”.
ʨʳʰʺʵʳ ˇʴʨʴʨ (ʨʴʻ ˂ʵʫʴʨ ʰʳʰʹʨ, ʸʵʳ ʳʬ ʬʹ ˁʬʳʰ ʳʨʺʬʸʰʨʲʻʸʰ
ʹˆʬʻʲʰ ʱʰ ʨʸʨ, ʺʸʨʴʹ˂ʬʴʫʬʴʺʻʸʰ ʹʻʲʰ ʭʨʸ) ʹʨʱʳʨʸʰʹʰ ʨʸ
ʨʸʰʹ ʪʨʴʯʨʭʰʹʻʼʲʬʩʰʹʨʯʭʰʹ. ʹʨ˅ʰʸʵʨ ʺʸʨʴʹ˂ʬʴʫʬʴʺʻʸʰ
ʹʻʲʰʹ ʳʫʪʵʳʨʸʬʵʩʨˀʰ ʳʵʽʳʬʫʬʩʨ, ʹˆʭʨʪʭʨʸʨʫ ʳʨʺʬʸʰʨʲʻʸʰ
ʺʿʭʬʵʩʨ ʪʨʸʫʻʭʨʲʰʨ.
ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ ˂ʴʵʩʰʬʸʬʩʰʯ ʳʵʽʳʬʫʬʩʨ ʹʸʻʲʰʨʫ ʪʨʹˆʭʨʭʫʬʩʨ
ʳʵʽʳʬʫʬʩʨʯʨʪʨʴ ʱʨʸʳʰʻʲ ʹʨʼʬˆʻʸʮʬ. ʹʸʻʲʰ ʹʰʩʸ˃ʴʰʯ
ʽʳʬʫʬʩʨ ʨ˃ʲʰʬʸʬʩʹ ˂ʵ˂ˆʨʲʰ ʨʸʹʬʩʰʹ ʳʰʬʸ ˅ʬˀʳʨʸʰʺʰ ˂ʵʫʴʰʹ
ʪʨʴʭʰʯʨʸʬʩʨʹ. ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ ˂ʴʵʩʰʬʸʬʩʰʹ ʪʨʸʬˀʬ ʱʨʸʳʰʻʲʰ
ʹʨʽʳʰʨʴʵʩʬʩʰʹʨʪʨʴ ʻʩʸʨʲʵ ʪʨʴʫʪʵʳʨ ʭʬʸ ʪʨʴ˄ʳʬʴʫʹ ʨʫʨʳʰʨʴʰʹ
ʪʻʲʹ. ʻʨʳʰʹʵʫ ʱʰ ˂ʵ˂ˆʨʲʰ ʨʸʹʬʩʨ ʱʨʸʳʰʻʲ ʫʵʴʬʮʬ ʻʴʫʨ
ʫʨʸˁʬʹ. ʳˆʵʲʵʫ ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ ˂ʴʵʩʰʬʸʬʩʨˀʰ ˀʬʹʸʻʲʬʩʻʲʰ
ʹʨʽʳʰʨʴʵʩʨ ʯʨʭʰʹʯʨʭʨʫ ʫʨʬˆʳʨʸʬʩʨ, ʯʨʭʰ ʫʨʨʾ˄ʰʵʹ ʳʰ˄ʰʬʸʰ
ˀʸʵʳʰʹ ˀʬʫʬʪʬʩʹ. ʨʳʰʹʨʯʭʰʹ ʨʸ ʫʨʹ˅ʰʸʫʬʩʨ ʳʨʺʬʸʰʨʲʻʸ
ʫʵʴʬʮʬ ˁʨʳʵʹʭʲʨ. ʳʵʽʳʬʫʬʩʨ ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ ˂ʴʵʩʰʬʸʬʩʨˀʰ
ʿʵʭʬʲʯʭʰʹ ʻʼʸʵ ʳʨʾʲʨ ʫʪʨʹ, ʭʰʫʸʬ ʻʽʳʨʫ ʿʵʼʴʨ, ʸʵʳʬʲʹʨ˂
ʳʻʫʨʳ ʫʨ˂ʬʳʰʹ ʹʨʼʸʯˆʬ ʨˆʲʨʭʹ. ʪʨʴʫʪʵʳʨ ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ
˂ʴʵʩʰʬʸʬʩʰʹ ʪʨʸʬˀʬ ʨʸʨʹʸʻʲʿʵʼʰʲʰʨ, ʸʵʪʵʸ˂ “ʩˈʨʱʺʰʸʨʹʨʳʸʰʺʨ-ʹʰʴʫˈʻˀʰ” (1.2.258) ˀʸʰʲʨ ʸʻʶʨ ʪʵʹʭʨʳʰ
ʨʫʨʹʺʻʸʬʩʹ:
“ʸʵʫʬʹʨ˂ ʪʨʴʯʨʭʰʹʻʼʲʬʩʰʹ ʳʵ˄ʨʫʰʴʬ ʶʰʸʵʭʴʬʩʬʩʰ ʻʨʸʹ
ʨʳʩʵʩʬʴ ʾʳʸʯʨʬʩʸʰʭ ʶʰʸʵʭʴʬʩʨʹʯʨʴ ʫʨʱʨʭˀʰʸʬʩʻʲ
ʹʨʽʳʰʨʴʵʩʬʩʮʬ, ʰʹʰʴʰ ʳʰ˄ʰʬʸʬʩʨʹ ʯʨʭʹ ʭʬʸ ʨʾ˄ʬʭʬʴ ʫʨ ʳʨʯ
ʪʨʴʫʬʪʰʲʵʩʨʹ ʨʸʨʹʸʻʲʿʵʼʰʲʰ ʪʨʴʫʬʪʰʲʵʩʨ ʬ˄ʵʫʬʩʨ.”
ʪʨʴʫʬʪʰʲʵʩʨ ˅ʬˀʳʨʸʰʺʰʨ ʳʨˀʰʴ, ʯʻ ʳʨʹ ʨˆʲʨʭʹ ˂ʵʫʴʨ:
ʿʭʬʲʨʼʬʸʰ ʻʼʨʲʹ ʬʱʻʯʭʴʰʹ ʫʨ ʨʸʨʭʰʹʨ ʨʽʭʹ ʸʨʰʳʬʮʬ
ʹʨʱʻʯʸʬʩʰʹ ʻʼʲʬʩʨ. ʨʫʨʳʰʨʴʳʨ ʹ˄ʵʸʬʫ ʬʹ ʻʴʫʨ ʪʨʰʪʵʹ –
ʨʸʨʭʰʹ ʨʸʨʼʬʸʰ ʬʱʻʯʭʴʰʹ ʯʭʰʴʰʬʸ ʻʼʲʰʹʨ. ʨʽʬʫʨʴ ʰʹʳʰʹ
ʱʰʯˆʭʨ: ʸʨ ʨʮʸʰ ʨʽʭʹ ʪʨʴʫʬʪʰʲʵʩʨʹ, ʸʵ˂ʨ ʿʭʬʲʨʼʬʸʰ ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ
ʹʨʱʻʯʸʬʩʨʨ ʫʨ ʨʫʨʳʰʨʴʰ ʯʨʭʰʹʯʨʭʨʫ ʿʵʭʲʰʹʨʪʨʴ
ʪʨʴʸʰʫʬʩʻʲʰ ʪʨʳʵʫʰʹ. ʭʰʴʨʰʨʫʴ ʻʼʨʲʰʨ ʿʵʭʲʰʹʳʶʿʸʵʩʬʲʰ,
ʿʭʬʲʨʼʬʸʰ ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ ʹʨʳʹʨˆʻʸˀʰ ʻʴʫʨ ʫʨʭʨʹʨʽʳʵʯ. ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ

3

Tavi mexuTe – karma-ioga anu kriSnas cnobierebaSi moqmedebis ioga

˂ʴʵʩʰʬʸʬʩʰʯ ʳʵʽʳʬʫʬʩʰʹ ʬʹ ʹʸʻʲʿʵʼʰʲʰ ʪʮʨ ʪʨ˂ʰʲʬʩʰʯ
ʹˇʵʩʰʨ ʳʨʰʨʭʨʫʬʩʰʹ ʹʱʵʲʰʹ ʹʨʴʰʨʹʬʩʰʹʯʭʰʹ ʫʨʳʨˆʨʹʰʨʯʬʩʬʲ
ʸʨʪʰʴʫ ʫʰʫ ʫʨ ʳʱʨ˂ʸ ˆʬʲʵʭʴʻʸ ʨʾʱʭʬʯʬʩʹ.
ʲʬʽʹʰ 3
ʵ, ʳʱʲʨʭʳʨʪʨʸʵ ʨʸˇʻʴʨ, ʰʹ, ʭʰʴ˂ ʪʻʲʪʸʰʲʰʨ ˀʸʵʳʰʹ ˀʬʫʬʪʯʨ
ʳʰʳʨʸʯ – ʨʸ˂ ʹ˃ʻʲʹ ʫʨ ʨʸ˂ ˀʬʴʨʺʸʰʹ ʳʨʯ, ʳʻʫʨʳ ʪʨʴʫʬʪʰʲʰʨ.
ʨʹʬʯʳʨ ʶʰʸʵʭʴʬʩʨʳ ʨʰˆʹʴʨ ʿʵʭʬʲʪʭʨʸʰ ʵʸʳʨʪʵʩʰʹ ʻʾʬʲʰ,
ʨʫʭʰʲʨʫ ʫʨʨʾ˄ʰʨ ʯʨʭʰ ʳʨʺʬʸʰʨʲʻʸ ʺʿʭʬʵʩʨʹ ʫʨ ʹʸʻʲʰ
ʪʨʴʯʨʭʰʹʻʼʲʬʩʰʯ ʱʻʸʯˆʬʻʲʰʨ.
ˀʰʴʨ-ʨʸʹʰ. ʰʹ, ʭʰʴ˂ ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ ˂ʴʵʩʰʬʸʬʩʨʹ ʩʵʲʵʳʫʬ ʳʰʬʴʫʵ,
ʪʨʴʫʬʪʰʲʰʨ, ʭʰʴʨʰʫʨʴ ʳʨʹ ʨʾʨʸ ʨʾʬʲʭʬʩʹ ʹʨʱʻʯʨʸ
ʹʨʽʳʰʨʴʵʩʨʯʨ ˀʬʫʬʪʬʩʰ, ʱʨʸʪʰʨ ʰʹ ʯʻ ˂ʻʫʰ. ʨʹʬʯʰ ʪʨʴʫʬʪʰʲʰ,
ʸʵʳʬʲʰ˂ ʪʨʺʨ˂ʬʩʰʯ ʨʹʸʻʲʬʩʹ ʻʼʲʰʹ ʺʸʨʴʹ˂ʬʴʫʬʴʺʻʸ
ʹʨʹʰʿʭʨʸʻʲʵ ʹʨʳʹʨˆʻʸʹ, ʹʰʩʸ˃ʴʬʹ ʮʰʨʸʬʩʻʲʰʨ – ʬʹʳʰʹ
ʹʨʱʻʯʨʸʰ ʫʨʫʪʰʴʬʩʻʲʰ ʳʫʪʵʳʨʸʬʵʩʨ ʻʮʬʴʨʬʹʯʨʴ
ʻʸʯʰʬʸʯʵʩʨˀʰ; ʰ˂ʰʹ, ʸʵʳ ʱʸʰˀʴʨ ʬʸʯʰ ʳʯʲʰʨʴʵʩʨʨ ʫʨ ʿʭʬʲʨ
ʹˆʭʨ, ʳʨʯ ˀʵʸʰʹ ʯʨʭʨʫʨ˂, ʳʰʹʰ ʪʨʴʻʿʵʼʬʲʰ ʴʨ˄ʰʲʰʨ. ʨʹʬʯʰ
˂ʵʫʴʨ ʹʸʻʲʿʵʼʰʲʰʨ.
ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹʯʨʴ ʯʨʴʨʩʸʵʩʰʹ ʱʵʴ˂ʬʼ˂ʰʨ ʨʸʨʹ˄ʵʸʰʨ, ʭʰʴʨʰʫʨʴ
ʴʨ˄ʰʲʰ ʳʯʬʲʹ ʭʬʸʨʹʵʫʬʹ ʪʨʻʺʵʲʫʬʩʨ. ˂ʵʫʴʨʹ ʯʭʰʹʵʩʸʰʭʰ
ʳʹʪʨʭʹʬʩʰʹʨ ʫʨ ʪʨʴʹˆʭʨʭʬʩʰʹ ˀʬʹʨˆʬʩ ʨʫʨʳʰʨʴʰ ˅ʬˀʳʨʸʰʺ
ʹʰʩʸ˃ʴʬʳʫʬ ʳʰˈʿʨʭʹ, ʸʰʹ ˀʬʳʫʬʪʨ˂ ʳʰʹ ʪʻʲʹʨ ʫʨ ʪʵʴʬʩʨʹ ʨʾʨʸ
ˀʬʹ˃ʸʨʭʹ ʸʨʰʳʬʹʱʬʴ ʲʺʵʲʭʨ ʨʴ ʸʨʰʳʬʮʬ ˄ʻˆʰʲʰ. ʳʰʹʰ ˅ʱʻʨ
ʯʨʭʰʹʻʼʨʲʰʨ ʵʸʳʨʪʵʩʰʹʨʪʨʴ, ʸʨʫʪʨʴ ʬʸʯʰ ʳʰʮʨʴʰ ʨʳʵ˃ʸʨʭʬʩʹ
– ʿʭʬʲʨʼʬʸʰ ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹʨʯʭʰʹ ʹʸʻʲʫʬʩʨ. ʵʸʳʨʪʵʩʬʩʰʹ ʹʨʼʬˆʻʸʹ
ʪʨ˂ʰʲʬʩʻʲʰ ʰʪʰ ʨʳ ʳʨʺʬʸʰʨʲʻʸ ʹʨʳʿʨʸʵˀʰʭʬ
ʪʨʴʯʨʭʰʹʻʼʲʬʩʻʲʰʨ.
ʲʬʽʹʰ 4
ʳˆʵʲʵʫ ʻʳʬ˂ʨʸʴʰ ʪʨʴʨʹˆʭʨʭʬʩʬʴ ʬʸʯʳʨʴʬʯʰʹʨʪʨʴ ʬʸʯʪʻʲ
ʳʹʨˆʻʸʬʩʨʹ (ʱʨʸʳʨ-ʰʵʪʨʹ) ʫʨ ʳʨʺʬʸʰʨʲʻʸʰ ʹʨʳʿʨʸʵʹ
ʨʴʨʲʰʺʰʱʻʸ ˀʬʹ˄ʨʭʲʨʹ (ʹʨʴʽˈʰʨ-ʰʵʪʨʹ). ʹ˄ʨʭʲʻʲʴʰ ʱʰ

4

Tavi mexuTe – karma-ioga anu kriSnas cnobierebaSi moqmedebis ioga

ʯʭʲʰʨʴ, ʸʵʳ ʬʸʯ-ʬʸʯ ʨʳ ʪʮʨʮʬ ʳʫʪʨʸʰ ʵʸʰʭʬʹ ˀʬʫʬʪʹ
ʳʵʰʳʱʰʹ.
ˀʰʴʨ-ʨʸʹʰ. ʳʨʺʬʸʰʨʲʻʸʰ ʹʨʳʿʨʸʵʹ ʨʴʨʲʰʺʰʱʻʸʰ ˀʬʹ˄ʨʭʲʰʹ
ʵʩʰʬʽʺʰ ʯʨʭʨʫ ʳʨʺʬʸʰʨʲʻʸʰ ʹʨʳʿʨʸʵʹ ʹʻʲʰʨ – ʭʰˀʴʻ, ʨʴʻ
ʮʬʹʻʲʰ. ʻʼʲʰʹ ʬʸʯʪʻʲ ʹʨʳʹʨˆʻʸʹ ʮʬʹʻʲʰʹ ʳʹʨˆʻʸʬʩʨ˂
ʳʵʹʫʬʭʹ. ʹʨʴʽˈʰʨʹ ʼʰʲʵʹʵʼʰʰʹ ˅ʬˀʳʨʸʰʺʰ ʳ˂ʵʫʴʬ ˇʬʸ
ʳʨʺʬʸʰʨʲʻʸʰ ʹʨʳʿʨʸʵʹ ʼʬʹʭʹ, ʭʰˀʴʻʹ, ʬ˃ʰʬʩʹ, ˀʬʳʫʬʪ ʱʰ
ʹʸʻʲʿʵʼʰʲʰ ˂ʵʫʴʰʯ ʻʼʲʰʹ, ʳʯʲʰʨʴʰ ˆʰʹ, ʳʹʨˆʻʸʬʩʨʹ
ʰ˄ʿʬʩʹ. ʨʳʰʺʵʳ ʬʹ ʵʸʰ ʪʮʨ (ʱʨʸʳʨ-ʰʵʪʨ ʫʨ ʹʨʴʽˈʰʨ-ʰʵʪʨ)
ʬʸʯʳʨʴʬʯʰʹʨʪʨʴ ʨʸʹʬʩʰʯʨʫ ʨʸ ʪʨʴʹˆʭʨʭʫʬʩʨ, ʭʰʴʨʰʫʨʴ ʵʸʰʭʬʹ
ʯʭʨʲʰ ʳʰʶʿʸʵʩʰʲʰʨ ʭʰˀʴʻʹʨʱʬʴ. ʭʰʹʨ˂ ʬʹ ʹʨʩʵʲʵʵ ʳʰʮʨʴʰ ʨʸ
ʬʹʳʰʹ, ʨʳʩʵʩʹ: ʹʨʴʽˈʰʨ ʫʨ ʱʨʸʳʨ-ʰʵʪʨ ʹˆʭʨʫʨʹˆʭʨʨ, ʳʨʪʸʨʳ
ʾʭʯʰʯʹ˄ʨʭʲʻʲʳʨ ʰ˂ʰʹ, ʸʨ ʳʰʮʨʴʰ ʨʬʸʯʰʨʴʬʩʹ ʨʳ ʬʸʯʰ
ˀʬˆʬʫʭʰʯ ʪʨʴʹˆʭʨʭʬʩʻʲ ʪʮʬʩʹ.
ʲʬʽʹʰ 5
ʭʰʹʨ˂ ʬʹʳʰʹ, ʸʵʳ ʹʨʳʿʨʸʵʹ ʨʴʨʲʰʺʰʱʻʸʰ ˀʬʹ˄ʨʭʲʰʯʨ (ʹʨʴʽˈʰʨʰʵʪʨ) ʫʨ ʬʸʯʪʻʲʰ ʹʨʳʹʨˆʻʸʰʯ (ʱʨʸʳʨ-ʰʵʪʨ) ʳʰʾ˄ʬʻʲʰ
ʳʫʪʵʳʨʸʬʵʩʨ ʬʸʯʴʨʰʸʰʨ, ʵʸʰʭʬ ʪʮʨʹ ʬʸʯ ʫʵʴʬʮʬ ʨʾʰʽʭʨʳʹ,
ʳʰʹʰ ʿʵʭʲʰʹˆʬʫʭʨ ˅ʬˀʳʨʸʰʺʰʨ ʫʨ ʹ˄ʵʸʰ.
ˀʰʴʨ-ʨʸʹʰ. ʼʰʲʵʹʵʼʰʻʸʰ ʱʭʲʬʭʰʹ ʫʨʴʰˀʴʻʲʬʩʨʹ ˂ˆʵʭʸʬʩʰʹ
ʹʨʩʵʲʵʵ ʳʰʮʴʰʹ ʳʰʪʴʬʩʨ ˄ʨʸʳʵʨʫʪʬʴʹ. ʭʰʴʨʰʫʨʴ ˂ˆʵʭʸʬʩʰʹ
ʹʨʩʵʲʵʵ ʳʰʮʨʴʰ ʯʭʰʯʸʬʨʲʰʮʨ˂ʰʨʨ, ʨʸ ʨʸʹʬʩʵʩʹ ʪʨʴʹˆʭʨʭʬʩʨ
ʨʳ ʵʸʰ ʶʸʵ˂ʬʹʰʯ: ʹʨʴʽˈʰʨ-ʰʵʪʨʯʰ ʫʨ ʱʨʸʳʨ-ʰʵʪʨʯʰ ʳʰʾʬʩʻʲ
ʫʨʹʱʭʴʬʩʹ ˀʵʸʰʹ. ʳʬ˂ʴʰʬʻʲʰ ˀʬʹ˄ʨʭʲʰʹ (ʹʨʴʽˈʰʨʹ) ˀʬʫʬʪʨʫ
ʨʫʨʳʰʨʴʰ ʳʰʫʰʹ ʫʨʹʱʭʴʨʳʫʬ, ʸʵʳ ˂ʵ˂ˆʨʲʰ ʨʸʹʬʩʨ
ʳʨʺʬʸʰʨʲʻʸʰ ʹʨʳʿʨʸʵʹ ʴʨ˄ʰʲʰ ʱʰ ʨʸʨ, ʻʳʨʾʲʬʹʰ ʹʻʲʰʬʸʰ
ʳʯʬʲʰʹ ʴʨ˄ʰʲʰʨ. ʨʳʰʺʵʳ ʺʸʨʴʹ˂ʬʴʫʬʴʺʻʸʰ ʹʻʲʰ
ʳʨʺʬʸʰʨʲʻʸʰ ʹʨʳʿʨʸʵʹ ʳʰʾʳʨʨ ʫʨ ʳʰʹʰ ʳʵʽʳʬʫʬʩʬʩʰ ʻʮʬʴʨʬʹʹ
ʻʱʨʭˀʰʸʫʬʩʨ. ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ ˂ʴʵʩʰʬʸʬʩʨˀʰ ʿʵʼʴʨ ʳʰʹʰ ʫʨʫʪʰʴʬʩʻʲʰ
ʳʫʪʵʳʨʸʬʵʩʨʨ. ʶʰʸʭʬʲ ʶʸʵ˂ʬʹˀʰ, ʹʨʴʽˈʰʨˀʰ, ʹʨ˅ʰʸʵʨ ʳʨʺʬʸʰʰʹ
ʩʵʸʱʰʲʬʩʰʹ ʳʹˆʭʸʬʭʨ, ʳʬʵʸʬˀʰ ʱʰ ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ ˂ʴʵʩʰʬʸʬʩʰʯ

5

Tavi mexuTe – karma-ioga anu kriSnas cnobierebaSi moqmedebis ioga

ˀʸʵʳʰʹʨʫʳʰ ʳʰˇʨ˅ʭʨ. ʹʰʴʨʳʫʭʰʲʬˀʰ ʵʸʰʭʬ ʶʸʵ˂ʬʹʰ ʬʸʯʰ ʫʨ
ʰʪʰʭʬʨ, ʯʻʳ˂ʨ ʬʸʯʰ ˀʬˆʬʫʭʰʯ ʶʰʸʭʬʲʹ ʳʰ˄ʰʬʸʬʩʰʹʨʪʨʴ
ˁʨʳʵˀʵʸʬʩʨ ʳʵˈʿʭʬʩʨ, ʳʬʵʸʬʹ ʱʰ – ˀʸʵʳʨʹʯʨʴ ʳ˅ʰʫʸʵ ʱʨʭˀʰʸʰ.
ʳʨʺʬʸʰʰʹʪʨʴ ʪʨʴˇʨ˅ʭʻʲʵʩʨ ʫʨ ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹʨʫʳʰ ʳʰˇʨ˅ʭʻʲʵʩʨ
ʬʸʯʰ ʫʨ ʰʪʰʭʬʨ. ʰʹ, ʭʰʴ˂ ʨʳʨʹ ˆʬʫʨʭʹ, ʿʭʬʲʨʼʬʸʹ ˅ʬˀʳʨʸʰʺʨʫ
ʨʾʰʽʭʨʳʹ.
ʲʬʽʹʰ 6
ʿʵʭʬʲʪʭʨʸ ʹʨʽʳʰʨʴʵʩʨʯʨʪʨʴ ʪʨʴʫʪʵʳʨ ʭʬʸʨʭʰʹ ʪʨʨʩʬʫʴʰʬʸʬʩʹ.
ʩʸ˃ʬʴʱʨ˂ʰ ʻʼʲʰʹ ʬʸʯʪʻʲ ʹʨʳʹʨˆʻʸʹ ʰʸˁʬʭʹ ʫʨ ʻʳʨʲ
ʳʨʾʲʫʬʩʨ ʻʮʬʴʨʬʹʨʳʫʬ.
ˀʰʴʨ-ʨʸʹʰ. ʨʸʹʬʩʵʩʬʴ ʵʸʴʨʰʸʰ ʹʨʴʰʨʹʬʩʰ, ʨʴʻ ʪʨʴʫʬʪʰʲʬʩʰ:
ʶʰʸʭʬʲʴʰ – ʳʨʰʨʭʨʫʰ ʹʨʴʰʨʹʬʩʰ ʹ˄ʨʭʲʵʩʬʴ ʹʨʴʽˈʰʨʹ
ʼʰʲʵʹʵʼʰʨʹ, ʳʬʵʸʬʴʰ ʭʨʰˀʴʨʭʰ ʹʨʴʰʨʹʬʩʰ ʱʰ “ʩˈʨʪʨʭʨʺʨʳʰʹ”
ʹʰʩʸ˃ʴʬʹ, ʸʵʳʬʲˀʰ˂ “ʭʬʫʨʴʺʨ-ʹʻʺʸʬʩʰʹ” ˅ʬˀʳʨʸʰʺʰ
ʱʵʳʬʴʺʨʸʬʩʰʨ ʳʵ˂ʬʳʻʲʰ. “ʭʬʫʨʴʺʨ-ʹʻʺʸʬʩʰ” ʨʰʴʺʬʸʬʹʬʩʯ
ʳʨʰʨʭʨʫ ʹʨʴʰʨʹʬʩʹʨ˂, ʳʨʪʸʨʳ ʳˆʵʲʵʫ ʹʨʱʻʯʨʸʰ ʱʵʳʬʴʺʨʸʬʩʰʯ,
ʸʵʳʬʲʰ˂ ˀʨʸʰʸʨʱʨ-ʩˈʨˀʰʨʹ ʹʨˆʬʲʰʯʨʨ ˂ʴʵʩʰʲʰ ʫʨ
ˀʨʴʱʨʸʨˁʨʸʰʨʹ ʬʱʻʯʭʴʰʹ.
ʩˈʨʪʨʭʨʺʨʹ ʹʱʵʲʰʹ ʳʵʹ˄ʨʭʲʬʬʩʰ, ʶʨʴˁʨʸʨʺʸʰʱʰʹ ʫʨʴʨ˄ʬʹʬʩʰʹ
ʯʨʴʨˆʳʨʫ, ʬʸʯʪʻʲʨʫ ʬʳʹʨˆʻʸʬʩʰʨʴ ʻʼʨʲʹ. ʭʨʰˀʴʨʭʰ ʹʨʴʰʨʹʬʩʰ
ʯʻʳ˂ʨ ˀʵʸʹ ʨʸʰʨʴ ʳʨʺʬʸʰʨʲʻʸʰ ʰʴʺʬʸʬʹʬʩʰʹʨʪʨʴ, ʻʼʲʰʹ
ʺʸʨʴʹ˂ʬʴʫʬʴʺʻʸ ʹʨʳʹʨˆʻʸˀʰ ʨʯʨʹʪʭʨʸ ʹʨʽʳʰʨʴʵʩʨʹ ʬ˄ʬʭʰʨʴ.
ʳʨʰʨʭʨʫʰ ʹʨʴʰʨʹʬʩʰ, ʸʵʳʲʬʩʰ˂ ʹʨʴʽˈʰʨʹʨ ʫʨ ʭʬʫʨʴʺʨʹ
ʹ˄ʨʭʲʵʩʬʴ, ʪʨʻʯʨʭʬʩʲʨʫ ʹʰʺʿʭʨʳʸʨʭʲʵʩʬʴ, ʳʹˇʬʲʵʩʬʴ, ʳʨʰʴ˂
ʭʬʸ ʪʸ˃ʴʵʩʬʴ ʻʼʲʰʹ ʳʹʨˆʻʸʬʩʰʹ ʴʬʽʺʨʸʰʹ ʪʬʳʵʹ. ʸʵ˂ʨ
ʳʵʩʬʮʸʫʬʩʨʯ ʨʴ ʰʾʲʬʩʰʨʴ ʩʸʨˈʳʨʴʮʬ ʳʵˁʭʬʴʬʩʰʯʰ ʪʨʴʹˇʨʱʨʳʨʯʰʯ, ʯʨʭʹ ʨʼʨʸʬʩʬʴ “ʩˈʨʪʨʭʨʺʨʳʹ”, ʯʻʳ˂ʨ ʹ˄ʵʸʨʫ ʨʸ ʬʹʳʰʯ
ʰʪʰ ʫʨ ʳʰʹʰ ˀʬʹ˄ʨʭʲʨ˂ ʻ˅ʰʸʯ. ʱʭʲʨʭ ʳʰʳʨʸʯʨʭʬʴ ʳˀʸʨʲ,
ʨʸʨʼʸʰʹʳʯʽʳʬʲ ʳʹˇʬʲʵʩʬʩʹʨ ʫʨ ʰʳʶʬʸʹʵʴʨʲʰʹʺʻʸ
ʰʴʺʬʸʶʸʬʺʨ˂ʰʬʩʹ, ʸʰʯʨ˂ ʳʨʰʨʭʨʫʰ ʹʨʴʰʨʹʬʩʰ ʭʬʸʨʼʬʸʹ ʨʾ˄ʬʭʬʴ.
ʭʨʰˀʴʨʭʰ ʹʨʴʰʨʹʬʩʰ ʩʬʫʴʰʬʸʴʰ ʨʸʰʨʴ ʯʨʭʰʨʴʯʰ ʬʸʯʪʻʲʰ
ʺʸʨʴʹ˂ʬʴʫʬʴʺʻʸʰ ʳʵʾʭʨ˄ʬʵʩʰʯ ʫʨ ʻʼʸʵ ʫʰʫʰ ʩʬʫʴʰʬʸʬʩʨ

6

Tavi mexuTe – karma-ioga anu kriSnas cnobierebaSi moqmedebis ioga

ʬʲʵʫʬʩʨʯ – ʹʨʩʵʲʵʵʫ ʾʳʬʸʯʰʹ ʹʨʹʻʼʬʭʬʲˀʰ
ʫʨʳʱʭʰʫʸʫʬʩʰʨʴ. ʮʵʪˇʬʸ ʳʨʰʨʭʨʫ ʹʨʴʰʨʹʬʩʹ
ʯʭʰʯʸʬʨʲʰʮʨ˂ʰʰʹ ʪʮʰʹ ʩʵʲʵʳʫʬ ʪʨʭʲʨ ʨʸ ˃ʨʲʻ˃ʯ ʫʨ ˆʬʲʹ
ˈʱʰʫʬʩʬʴ ʹʨʽʭʬʲʳʵʽʳʬʫʵ ʳʵʾʭʨ˄ʬʵʩʨʹ, ʸʵʳʬʲʰ˂ ʳʨʰʴ˂
ʳʨʺʬʸʰʨʲʰʹʺʻʸʰ ʹʨʽʳʰʨʴʵʩʨʨ ʳˆʵʲʵʫ. ʨʽʬʫʨʴ ʫʨʹʱʭʴʨ, ʸʵʳ
ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ ˂ʴʵʩʰʬʸʬʩʰʹ ʹʨʽʳʰʨʴʵʩʰʯ ʫʨʱʨʭʬʩʻʲʴʰ ʻʼʸʵ
˄ʨʸʳʨʺʬʩʻʲʴʰ ʨʸʰʨʴ ʰʳ ʹʨʴʰʨʹʬʩʯʨʴ ˀʬʫʨʸʬʩʰʯ, ʸʵʳʲʬʩʰ˂
ʻʩʸʨʲʵʫ ʯʨʭʹ ʰʽ˂ʬʭʬʴ ʳʹˇʬʲʵʩʰʯ – ʸʨ ʨʸʰʹ ʫʨ ʸʨ ʨʸ ʨʸʰʹ
ʩʸʨˈʳʨʴʰ. ʳʸʨʭʨʲʰ ʫʨʩʨʫʬʩʰʹ ˀʬʳʫʬʪ ʳʨʯʨ˂ ˀʬʰ˃ʲʬʩʨ ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ
˂ʴʵʩʰʬʸʬʩʨʳʫʬ ʳʰʨʾ˄ʰʵʴ.
ʲʬʽʹʰ 7
ʬʸʯʪʻʲ ʹʨʳʹʨˆʻʸˀʰ ʳʨˀʭʸʨʲʰ, ʹʻʲʪʨʴʹʶʬʺʨʱʬʩʻʲʰ ʫʨ
ʹʨʱʻʯʨʸ ʪʻʲʰʹʯʽʳʰʹ ʳʵʳʯʵʱʨʭʰ ʹʨʹʻʸʭʬʲʰʨ ʿʭʬʲʨʹʨʯʭʰʹ ʫʨ
ʿʭʬʲʨ ˃ʭʰʸʼʨʹʰʨ ʳʰʹʯʭʰʹ. ʨʹʬʯ ʱʨ˂ʹ ʯʨʭʰʹʰ ˀʸʵʳʰʹ ʴʨʿʵʼʰ
ʨʸʨʹʵʫʬʹ ʳʵʨʽ˂ʬʭʹ ʺʿʭʬʵʩʨˀʰ.
ˀʰʴʨ-ʨʸʹʰ. ʰʹ, ʭʰʴ˂ ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ ˂ʴʵʩʰʬʸʬʩʰʯ ʪʨʴʯʨʭʰʹʻʼʲʬʩʰʹʨʱʬʴ
ʳʰʰ˄ʬʭʹ, ˃ʭʰʸʼʨʹʰʨ ʿʵʭʬʲʰ ˂ʵ˂ˆʨʲʰ ʨʸʹʬʩʰʹʨʯʭʰʹ ʫʨ ʿʵʭʬʲʰ
˂ʵ˂ˆʨʲʰ ʨʸʹʬʩʨ˂ ˃ʭʰʸʼʨʹʰʨ ʳʰʹʯʭʰʹ. ʨʹʬʯʰ ʶʰʸʵʭʴʬʩʨ ˆʬʫʨʭʹ,
ʸʵʳ ʿʵʭʬʲʰ ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ ʻʱʨʭˀʰʸʫʬʩʨ ʹ˄ʵʸʬʫ ʰʹʬʭʬ, ʸʵʪʵʸ˂ ˆʰʹ
ʼʵʯʲʬʩʰʨ ʪʨʴʻʿʵʼʬʲʰ ˆʰʹʪʨʴ. ʳʨʴ ʳˀʭʬʴʰʭʸʨʫ ʰ˂ʰʹ, ʸʵʳ ˆʰʹ
ʼʬʹʭʬʩʰʹ ʳʵʸ˄ʿʭʰʯ ˆʰʹ ʼʵʯʲʬʩʰ˂ʨ ʫʨ ʸʺʵʬʩʰ˂ ˄ʿʻʸʭʰʲʹ
ʰʱʲʨʭʬʴ. ʱʻ˅ʰʹʨʯʭʰʹ ʹʨʱʭʬʩʰʹ ʳʰ˄ʵʫʬʩʰʹ ˀʬʳʫʬʪ ʬʴʬʸʪʰʨ ʳʯʬʲ
ʹˆʬʻʲʹ ʪʨʫʨʬ˂ʬʳʨ ʯʨʭʰʹʯʨʭʨʫ.
ʭʰʴʨʰʫʨʴ ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ ˂ʴʵʩʰʬʸʬʩʨˀʰ ʳˀʸʵʳʬʲʰ ʨʫʨʳʰʨʴʰ ʿʭʬʲʨʹ
ʳʹʨˆʻʸʰʨ, ʰʪʰ ʻʨʾʸʬʹʨʫ ʹʨʹʻʸʭʬʲʰ ʱʨ˂ʰʨ ʿʭʬʲʨʹʨʯʭʰʹ, ʿʭʬʲʨ
ʱʳʨʿʵʼʰʲʰʨ ʨʳ ˂ʴʵʩʰʬʸʬʩʨʫʨ˄ʳʬʴʫʰʲʰ, ˅ʱʻʨʫʨʳʵʸˁʰʲʬʩʻʲʰ
ʱʨ˂ʰʹ ˀʸʵʳʰʯ. ʳʰʹʰ ʨʮʸʰ ʳʨʸʨʫ ʳʰʽ˂ʬʻʲʰʨ ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹʱʬʴ, ʨʸ˂
ʨʸʨʹʵʫʬʹ ʪʨʫʨʻˆʭʬʭʹ ʨʳ ʪʮʰʫʨʴ ʫʨ ʨʸ˂ ʨʸʨʹʵʫʬʹ ˀʬʨʹʸʻʲʬʩʹ
ʹˆʭʨ ʸʨʳ ʹʨʳʹʨˆʻʸʹ. ʳʨʹ ʹʳʬʴʨʹ ʨʸ ʹʺʨ˂ʬʩʹ ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹʯʨʴ
ʫʨʱʨʭˀʰʸʬʩʻʲʰ ʨʳʩʬʩʰʹ ʪʨʸʫʨ ʸʨʰʳʬʹ ʳʵʹʳʬʴʨ, ʨʸ˂ ʹʻʸʹ ʹʨʫʳʬ
˄ʨʹʭʲʨ, ʯʻʱʰ ʬʹ ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹʯʨʴ ʨʸ ʨʸʰʹ ʫʨʱʨʭˀʰʸʬʩʻʲʰ, ʪʻʲʰ ʨʸ
ʳʰʻ˄ʬʭʹ, ˅ʨʳʵʹ, ʸʨ˂ ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹʨʯʭʰʹ ʨʸ ʨʸʰʹ ˀʬʯʨʭʨʮʬʩʻʲʰ.

7

Tavi mexuTe – karma-ioga anu kriSnas cnobierebaSi moqmedebis ioga

ʨʳʰʺʵʳ ʳʰʹʰ ʪʸ˃ʴʵʩʬʩʰ ʾʭʯʰʹ ʫʰʫʰ ʹʰʿʭʨʸʻʲʰʯ ʨʸʰʹ
ʳʵ˄ʬʹʸʰʪʬʩʻʲʰ. ʨʫʨʳʰʨʴʰ, ʸʵʳʬʲʹʨ˂ ʹʨʱʻʯʨʸʰ ʹʻʸʭʰʲʬʩʰʹ
ʹʨʫʨʭʬ ˆʬʲʯ ʻʶʿʸʰʨ, ʨʸʨʭʰʹ ʨʿʬʴʬʩʹ ʺʱʰʭʰʲʹʨ ʫʨ
ˀʬʻʸʨ˂ˆʿʵʼʨʹ. ʭʰʴʳʬʳ ˀʬʰ˃ʲʬʩʨ ʰʱʰʯˆʵʹ: “ʳʨˀʰʴ ʨʸˇʻʴʨ ʸʨʺʵʳ
ʨʿʬʴʬʩʫʨ ʹˆʭʬʩʹ ʺʱʰʭʰʲʹ ʩʸ˃ʵʲʨˀʰ, ʰʪʰ ˆʵʳ ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ ˂ʴʵʩʰʬʸʰ
ʰʿʵ?!” ʬʹ ʳˆʵʲʵʫ ʬʸʯʰ ˀʬˆʬʫʭʰʯ ˁʨʴʹ, ʸʵʳ ʨʸˇʻʴʨ ʭʰʴʳʬʹ ʨʸ
ʰʴʫʵʩʫʨ, ʭʰʴʨʰʫʨʴ (ʸʵʪʵʸ˂ ʳʬʵʸʬ ʯʨʭˀʰʨ ʪʨʴʳʨʸʺʬʩʻʲʰ)
ʩʸ˃ʵʲʰʹ ʭʬʲʮʬ ʪʨʴʪʳʰʸʻʲʰ ʿʵʭʬʲʰ ʨʫʨʳʰʨʴʰ ʪʨʴʨʪʸ˃ʴʵʩʫʨ
ʰʴʫʰʭʰʫʻʨʲʻʸ ʨʸʹʬʩʵʩʨʹ, ʸʨʫʪʨʴ ʹʻʲʰʹ ʳʵʱʭʲʨ
ˀʬʻ˃ʲʬʩʬʲʰʨ. ʱʻʸʻʱˀʬʺʸʨʹ ʩʸ˃ʵʲʰʹ ʭʬʲʮʬ˂, ʹʨʫʨ˂ ʨʸˇʻʴʨ
ʰʩʸ˃ʵʫʨ, ʹʻʲʰʬʸʨʫ ʨʸʨʭʰʴ ʳʵʳʱʭʫʨʸʨ. ʰʹʰʴʰ ʳˆʵʲʵʫ
ʪʨʸʫʨʰ˂ʭʨʲʴʬʴ ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ ʩʸ˃ʨʴʬʩʰʯ, ʸʵʳʬʲʰ˂ ʯʨʭʨʫ
ʰʳʿʵʼʬʩʵʫʨ ʰʽ. ʨʽʬʫʨʴ ʪʨʳʵʫʰʹ, ʸʵʳ ʱʻʸʻʱˀʬʺʸʨʹ ʩʸ˃ʵʲʰʹ
ʭʬʲʮʬ ʨʸˇʻʴʨ, ʹʰʴʨʳʫʭʰʲʬˀʰ, ʫʨʳʵʻʱʰʫʬʩʲʨʫ ʨʸ˂ ʰʩʸ˃ʵʫʨ.
ʰʪʰ ʹʸʻʲʰ ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ ˂ʴʵʩʰʬʸʬʩʰʯ ʳʵ˂ʻʲʰ ʳʰʹʹʨʭʬ ʩʸ˃ʨʴʬʩʬʩʹ
ʨʹʸʻʲʬʩʫʨ. ʨʹʬʯʰ ʶʰʸʵʭʴʬʩʨ ʨʸʨʹʵʫʬʹ ˆʫʬʩʨ ʯʨʭʰʹʰ
ʴʨʳʵʽʳʬʫʨʸʰʹ ʺʿʭʬ.
ʲʬʽʹʬʩʰ 8-9
ʯʻʳ˂ʨ ʾʭʯʨʬʩʸʰʭʰ ˂ʴʵʩʰʬʸʬʩʰʯ ʳʨʫʲ˂ˆʬʩʻʲʰ ʶʰʸʵʭʴʬʩʨ
ˆʬʫʨʭʹ, ʰʹʳʬʴʹ, ʬˆʬʩʨ, ʿʴʵʹʨʭʹ, ˅ʨʳʹ, ʳʵ˃ʸʨʵʩʹ, ʹ˃ʰʴʨʭʹ ʫʨ
ʹʻʴʯʽʨʭʹ, ˀʰʴʨʪʨʴʨʫ ʳʻʫʨʳ ʬʹʳʰʹ, ʸʵʳ ʹʰʴʨʳʫʭʰʲʬˀʰ ʰʪʰ
ʨʸʨʼʬʸʹ ʨʱʬʯʬʩʹ. ʭʰʴʨʰʫʨʴ ʲʨʶʨʸʨʱʰʹ, ʪʨ˂ʬʳʰʹ, ʳʰʾʬʩʰʹ ʨʴ
ʯʭʨʲʰʹ ʪʨˆʬʲʨ-ʫʨˆʻ˅ʭʰʹʨʹ ʳʻʫʨʳ ʪʨ˂ʴʵʩʰʬʸʬʩʻʲʰ ʨʽʭʹ, ʸʵʳ
ʬʹ ʳˆʵʲʵʫ ˆʵʸ˂ʰʬʲʰ ʪʸ˃ʴʵʩʬʩʰ ʻʸʯʰʬʸʯʽʳʬʫʬʩʬʴ, ʯʭʰʯʵʴ
ʱʰ ʿʵʭʬʲʰʭʬ ʨʳʰʹ ʳʰʾʳʨʨ.
ˀʰʴʨ-ʨʸʹʰ. ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ ˂ʴʵʩʰʬʸʬʩʨˀʰ ʳʿʵʼʰ ʶʰʸʵʭʴʬʩʨ ˄ʳʰʴʫʨ
˂ˆʵʭʸʬʩʨʹ ʬ˄ʬʭʨ. ʨʳʰʺʵʳ ʨʸʨʼʬʸʰ ʨʽʭʹ ʹʨʬʸʯʵ ʰʳ
ʹʨʽʳʰʨʴʵʩʨʹʯʨʴ, ʸʵʳʬʲʰ˂ ʫʨʳʵʱʰʫʬʩʻʲʰʨ ˆʻʯ ʻˀʻʨʲʵ ʫʨ
ʨʸʨʻˀʻʨʲʵ ʳʰʮʬʮʮʬ: ˀʬʳʹʸʻʲʬʩʬʲʮʬ, ˀʸʵʳʨʮʬ,
ʳʫʪʵʳʨʸʬʵʩʨʮʬ, ˃ʨʲʰʹˆʳʬʭʨʹʨ ʫʨ ʩʬʫʮʬ. ʸʨʱʰ ʰʪʰ ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ
ʺʸʨʴʹ˂ʬʴʫʬʴʺʻʸʰ ʹʨʹʰʿʭʨʸʻʲʵ ʹʨʳʹʨˆʻʸʰʯʨʨ ʫʨʱʨʭʬʩʻʲʰ,
ʬʹ ʳʰʮʬʮʰ ʳʰʹʰ ˂ʴʵʩʰʬʸʬʩʰʹʨ ʫʨ ʿʵʼʰʹ ʪʨʸʬʯ ʸˁʬʩʨ. ʬʸʯʰ

8

Tavi mexuTe – karma-ioga anu kriSnas cnobierebaSi moqmedebis ioga

ˀʬˆʬʫʭʰʯ, ʰʪʰ ʹˆʬʻʲʰʯʨ ʫʨ ʪʸ˃ʴʵʩʬʩʰʯ ˁʭʬʻʲʬʩʸʰʭ
ʳʵʽʳʬʫʬʩʹ, ʳʨʪʸʨʳ ʳʻʫʨʳ ʹ˄ʨʳʹ, ʸʵʳ ʳʰʹʰ ˅ʬˀʳʨʸʰʺʰ
ʫʨʴʰˀʴʻʲʬʩʨ ʹʻʲʰʬʸʰ ʹʨʽʳʰʨʴʵʩʨʨ. ʳʨʺʬʸʰʨʲʻʸ ʿʵʼʨˀʰ
ʪʸ˃ʴʵʩʬʩʰ ʹˆʬʻʲʹ ʬʳʹʨˆʻʸʬʩʰʨʴ, ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ ˂ʴʵʩʰʬʸʬʩʨˀʰ ʱʰ
ʰʹʰʴʰ ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ ʳʹʨˆʻʸʴʰ ʨʸʰʨʴ.
ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ ˂ʴʵʩʰʬʸʰ ʶʰʸʵʭʴʬʩʨ ʳʻʫʨʳ ʯʨʭʰʹʻʼʨʲʰʨ, ʯʻʳ˂ʨ
ʪʨʸʬʪʴʻʲʨʫ ˁʭʬʻʲʬʩʸʰʭ ʹʨʽʳʰʨʴʵʩʹ. ʳˆʬʫʭʬʲʵʩʨ ʫʨ ʹʳʬʴʨ
˂ʵʫʴʰʹ ʳʰʹʨʾʬʩʰ ʪʸ˃ʴʵʩʰʯʰ ʽʳʬʫʬʩʬʩʰʨ, ʳʨˀʰʴ, ʸʵʫʬʹʨ˂
ʳʵ˃ʸʨʵʩʨ, ʲʨʶʨʸʨʱʰ, ʹʻʴʯʽʭʨ ʫʨ ʹˆʭ. ˀʸʵʳʰʹʨʯʭʰʹʨʨ
ʪʨʴʱʻʯʭʴʰʲʰ. ʪʸ˃ʴʵʩʬʩʰ ʪʨʭʲʬʴʨʹ ʨʸ ʨˆʫʬʴʬʴ ʻʼʲʰʹ
ʳʹʨˆʻʸʮʬ, ʨʸ˂ ʨʸʨʼʬʸʰ ʰʺʨ˂ʬʩʹ ʯʭʰʴʰʬʸ ʻʼʲʰʹ ʳʨʸʨʫʰʻʲʰ
ʹʰʿʭʨʸʻʲʰʹʨ.
ʲʬʽʹʰ 10
ˀʰʴʨ-ʨʸʹʰ. ʳʨʹ, ʭʰʴ˂ ʨʰˆʹʴʨ ʳʰ˄ʰʬʸʰ ʿʵʼʰʬʸʬʩʰʹ ˇʨ˅ʭʰ ʫʨ ʰʹʬ
ˀʬʻʫʪʨ ʳʵʭʨʲʬʵʩʰʹ ʨʾʹʸʻʲʬʩʨʹ, ʭʰʴ˂ ʻʮʬʴʨʬʹ ʻʼʨʲʹ
ʻ˃ʾʭʴʰʹ ʿʵʭʬʲʰʭʬʹ, ʸʨ˂ ʨʩʨʫʰʨ, ˂ʵʫʭʰʯʰ ʹʨʽʳʰʨʴʵʩʨ ʭʬʸ
ˀʬʬˆʬʩʨ, ʸʵʪʵʸ˂ ʲʵʺʵʹʰʹ ʿʭʨʭʰʲʹ ʭʬʸ ʫʨʨʹʭʬʲʬʩʹ ˄ʿʨʲʰ.
ˀʰʴʨ-ʨʸʹʰ. ʨʽ ʩʸʨˈʳʨʴʰ ʴʰˀʴʨʭʹ “ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ ˂ʴʵʩʰʬʸʬʩʨˀʰ”.
ʳʨʺʬʸʰʨʲʻʸʰ ʹʨʳʿʨʸʵ ʩʻʴʬʩʰʹ ʹʨʳʰ ʳʵʫʻʹʰʹ ʪʨʳʵʭʲʰʴʬʩʨʯʨ
ˇʨʳʰʨ, ʸʨʹʨ˂ ʶʸʨʫˈʨʴʨ ʬ˄ʵʫʬʩʨ. ʭʬʫʻʸʰ ˈʰʳʴʬʩʰ ʫʨ “ʩˈʨʪʨʭʨʫʪʰʺʨˀʰ” (14.3) ʳʨʳʨ ʰʵʴʰʸ ʳʨˈʨʫ ʩʸʨˈʳʨ ʳʰʪʭʨʴʰˀʴʬʩʹ, ʸʵʳ
ʳʨʺʬʸʰʨʲʻʸ ʹʨʳʿʨʸʵˀʰ ʿʭʬʲʨʼʬʸʰ ʩʸʨˈʳʨʴʰʹ ʪʨʳʵʭʲʰʴʬʩʨʨ;
ʫʨ ʯʻʳ˂ʨ ˀʬʫʬʪʬʩʰ ʪʨʴʹˆʭʨʭʬʩʻʲʰ ʹʨˆʰʯ ʭʲʰʴʫʬʩʨ, ʿʵʭʬʲʰ
ʳʹʪʨʭʹʰʨ ʳʰʮʬʮʰʹʨ. “ˀʸʰ ʰˀʵʶʨʴʰˀʨʫˀʰ” ʴʨʯʽʭʨʳʰʨ, ʸʵʳ
ʿʭʬʲʨʼʬʸʰ ʻʮʬʴʨʬʹ ʩʸʨˈʳʨʴʯʨʴ, ʨʴʻ ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹʯʨʴ ʨʸʰʹ
ʫʨʱʨʭˀʰʸʬʩʻʲʰ, ʿʵʭʲʰʹʳʼʲʵʩʬʲʰ˂ ʰʪʰʨ.
ʭʰʹʨ˂ ʹʸʻʲʨʫ ʨʽʭʹ ˀʬʪʴʬʩʻʲʰ, ʸʵʳ ʿʭʬʲʨʼʬʸʰ ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ
ʱʻʯʭʴʰʲʰʨ ʫʨ ʿʭʬʲʨʼʬʸʰ ʻʼʲʰʹ ʹʨʳʹʨˆʻʸʹ ʻʴʫʨ ʳʵˆʳʨʸʫʬʹ,
˂ˆʨʫʰʨ, ʳʨʹ ʨʾʨʸ ʨʫʨʸʫʬʩʹ ʹʨʱʻʯʨʸ ʳʵʽʳʬʫʬʩʨʯʨ ˀʬʫʬʪʬʩʰ,
˄ʳʰʴʫʨ ʰʽʴʬʩʨ ʰʪʰ ʯʻ ˂ʵʫʭʰʲʰ. ˆʵʸ˂ʰʬʲʰ ʹˆʬʻʲʰ˂ ʱʰ,
ʸʵʳʬʲʰ˂ ʻʼʨʲʳʨ ʪʨʸʱʭʬʻʲʰ ʳʵʽʳʬʫʬʩʬʩʰʹ ˀʬʹʨʹʸʻʲʬʩʲʨʫ
ʪʭʰʩʵ˃ʨ, ˀʬʰ˃ʲʬʩʨ ʫʨʭʨʹʨʽʳʵʯ ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ ˂ʴʵʩʰʬʸʬʩʨˀʰ. ʳʨˀʰʴ ʰʪʰ

9

Tavi mexuTe – karma-ioga anu kriSnas cnobierebaSi moqmedebis ioga

˂ʵʫʭʰʯ ʨʸ ʫʨʳ˃ʰʳʫʬʩʨ, ʫʨʸˁʬʩʨ ʩʰ˄ʰʬʸʬʩʨʯʨʪʨʴ ˀʬʻˆʬʩʬʲʰ
ʰʹʬʭʬ, ʸʵʪʵʸ˂ ˄ʿʨʲˀʰ ʨʸ ʹʭʬʲʫʬʩʨ ʲʵʺʵʹʰʹ ʼʻʸ˂ʬʲʰ.
ʻʼʨʲʰ ʨʳʩʵʩʹ “ʩˈʨʪʨʭʨʫ-ʪʰʺʨˀʰ” (3.30): “ʳʯʬʲʰ ʹʨʽʳʰʨʴʵʩʬʩʰ
ʳʬ (ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ) ʳʵʳʰ˃ʾʭʬʴʰ”. ʫʨʹʱʭʴʨ ʰʹʨʨ, ʸʵʳ ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ
˂ʴʵʩʰʬʸʬʩʰʹ ʪʨʸʬˀʬ ʨʫʨʳʰʨʴʰ ˆʵʸ˂ʰʬʲʰ ʪʨʸʹʰʹʨ ʫʨ ʳʰ˄ʰʬʸʰ
ʪʸ˃ʴʵʩʬʩʰʹ ʹʨʹʰʱʬʯʵʫ ʳʵʽʳʬʫʬʩʹ. ʳʨʪʸʨʳ ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ ʾʭʯʰʻʸ
ʹʰʩʸ˃ʴʬʹ ʴʨʮʰʨʸʬʩʰ ʶʰʸʵʭʴʬʩʨ ʰʳ ˂ʵʫʴʰʯ ʰʾ˄ʭʰʹ, ʸʵʳ
ʹˆʬʻʲʰ˂ ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ ʬʱʻʯʭʴʰʹ, ʸʰʹ ʪʨʳʵ ʰʪʰ ʻʼʨʲʹ ʻʴʫʨ
ʭʨʳʹʨˆʻʸʵʯ.
ʲʬʽʹʰ 11
ʰʵʪʬʩʰ ʨʳʹˆʭʸʬʭʬʴ ʸʨ ʳʰ˄ʰʬʸʰ ʹʨʳʿʨʸʵʹ ˀʬʳʩʵʸʱʨʭ ˇʨ˅ʭʹ,
ʹˆʬʻʲʰʯ, ˂ʴʵʩʰʬʸʬʩʰʯ, ʪʵʴʬʩʰʯʨ ʫʨ ʪʸ˃ʴʵʩʬʩʰʯ ʳˆʵʲʵʫ
ʪʨʴ˄ʳʬʴʫʰʹʨʯʭʰʹ ʰʾ˄ʭʰʨʴ.
ˀʰʴʨ-ʨʸʹʰ. ʸʵʫʬʹʨ˂ ʨʫʨʳʰʨʴʰ, ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ ˂ʴʵʩʰʬʸʬʩʨʹ
ʳʰʴʫʵʩʰʲʰ, ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ ʫʨʹʨʱʳʨʿʵʼʰʲʬʩʲʨʫ ʳʵʽʳʬʫʬʩʹ, ʳʰʹʰ
ʹˆʬʻʲʰʯ, ˂ʴʵʩʰʬʸʬʩʰʯ, ʪʵʴʬʩʰʯʨ ʯʻ ʪʸ˃ʴʵʩʬʩʰʯ
ˀʬʹʸʻʲʬʩʻʲʰ ʴʬʩʰʹʳʰʬʸʰ ʽʳʬʫʬʩʨ ʪʨʴ˄ʳʬʴʫʰʲʰʨ ʳʰ˄ʰʬʸʰ
ʹʰʩʰʴ˃ʻʸʰʹʨʪʨʴ. ʨʸʨʭʰʯʨʸʰ ʳʨʺʬʸʰʨʲʻʸʰ ʸʬʨʽ˂ʰʨ ʨʸ ʳʵˈʿʭʬʩʨ
ʨʹʬʯʰ ʶʰʸʵʭʴʬʩʰʹ ʹʨʽʳʰʨʴʵʩʨʹ. ʶʰʸʰʽʰʯ, ʬʹ ˄ʳʰʴʫʨ ʹʨʽʳʬʯʨ
ˀʬʹʸʻʲʬʩʨʨ, ʸʵʳʬʲʯʨ˂ ˁʭʬʻʲʬʩʸʰʭ ʹʨʫ-ʨˁʨʸʨ ʬ˄ʵʫʬʩʨ.
“ʩˈʨʱʺʰ-ʸʨʹʨʳʸʰʺʨ-ʹʰʴʫˈʻˀʰ” (1.2.187) ˀʸʰ ʸʻʶʨ ʪʵʹʭʨʳʰ ʨʳʨʹ
ʨʹʬ ʨˆʨʹʰʨʯʬʩʹ: “ʶʰʸʵʭʴʬʩʨ, ʸʵʳʬʲʰ˂ ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ ˂ʴʵʩʰʬʸʬʩʰʯ
ʳʵʽʳʬʫʬʩʹ, ʨʴʻ ʹˆʭʨ ʹʰʺʿʭʬʩʰʯ – ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ ʬʳʹʨˆʻʸʬʩʨ,
ʪʨʴʯʨʭʰʹʻʼʲʬʩʻʲʰʨ ʳʨʺʬʸʰʨʲʻʸ ʹʨʳʿʨʸʵˀʰʭʬ. ʳʰʻˆʬʫʨʭʨʫ
ʰʳʰʹʨ, ʸʵʳ ˀʬʰ˃ʲʬʩʨ ʨʯʨʹʪʭʨʸ ʬʪʸʬʯ˄ʵʫʬʩʻʲ ʳʰ˄ʰʬʸ
ʹʨʽʳʰʨʴʵʩʨʹ ʨʹʸʻʲʬʩʫʬʹ.”
ʨʹʬʯʹ ʨʸ ʪʨʨˁʴʰʨ ˂ʸʻ ʪʨʪʬʩʨ ʹʨʱʻʯʨʸʰ “ʳʬ”-ʹʰ, ʭʰʴʨʰʫʨʴ ʹˇʬʸʨ,
ʸʵʳ ʯʭʰʯʵʴʨ˂ ʫʨ ʳʰʹʰ ʹˆʬʻʲʰ˂ ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ ʬʱʻʯʭʴʰʹ. ʸʵʫʬʹʨ˂
ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ ʹʨʳʹʨˆʻʸˀʰ ʰʿʬʴʬʩʹ ʹˆʬʻʲʹ, ˅ʱʻʨʹ, ʪʵʴʬʩʨʹ, ʹʰʺʿʭʬʩʹ,
ʹʰ˂ʵ˂ˆʲʬʹ, ʹʰʳʫʰʫʸʬʹʨ ʫʨ ʹʨʬʸʯʵʫ ʿʭʬʲʨʼʬʸʹ, ʸʨ˂ ʪʨʨˁʴʰʨ,
ʻʳʨʲ ʻʱʨʭˀʰʸʫʬʩʨ ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ, ʬʸ˄ʿʳʰʹ ʳʨʹ ʫʨ ʳʵʱʲʬʩʻʲʰʨ
ʫʨʳʵʻʱʰʫʬʩʲʨʫ ʨʸʹʬʩʻʲ ʳʬʵʩʨʹ. ʨʸ ʨˆʨʹʰʨʯʬʩʹ ˂ʸʻ ʪʨʪʬʩʨ

10

Tavi mexuTe – karma-ioga anu kriSnas cnobierebaSi moqmedebis ioga

ʹʨʱʻʯʨʸʰ ʯʨʭʰʹʨ, ʸʨ˂ ʨʸ˄ʳʻʴʬʩʹ ʰʳʨˀʰ, ʸʵʳ ʰʪʰ ʰʹ ʹˆʬʻʲʰʨ,
ʸʵʳʬʲʰ˂ ˀʬʳʵʪʨʸʹʭʰʨ ʳʨʹ. ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ ˂ʴʵʩʰʬʸʬʩʰʹ ʹʸʻʲʿʵʼʰʲ
ʹʨʼʬˆʻʸʮʬ ʶʰʸʵʭʴʬʩʨ ʨʹʬ ʨʸ ʪʨʴʹˇʰʹ – ʳʨʴ ʰ˂ʰʹ, ʸʵʳ ʬʹ ʹˆʬʻʲʰ
ʻʼʲʰʹ ʴʬʩʰʯ ʬʩʵ˃ʨ – ʯʨʭʨʫ ʱʰ ʨʳ ʹˆʬʻʲˀʰ ʪʨʳʵʳ˄ʿʭʫʬʻʲʰ
ʹʻʲʰʨ.
ʲʬʽʹʰ 12
ʪʨʴʻˆʸʬʲʨʫ ʬʸʯʪʻʲʰ ʹʻʲʰ ˅ʬˀʳʨʸʰʺ ʳˀʭʰʫʵʩʨʹ ʨʾ˄ʬʭʹ,
ʭʰʴʨʰʫʨʴ ʻʼʨʲʹ ʹʯʨʭʨʮʵʩʹ ʿʵʭʬʲ ʳʵʴʨʪʨʸʹ; ʰʹ ʱʰ, ʭʰʴ˂
ʾʳʬʸʯʹ ʪʨʴʬˀʵʸʨ ʫʨ ʫʨˆʨʸʩʬʩʻʲʰ ʰʹʨʱʻʯʸʬʩʹ, ʸʨʮʬʫʨ˂ ˆʬʲʰ
ʳʰʻ˄ʭʫʬʩʨ, ʺʿʭʬʵʩʨˀʰ ʬʽ˂ʬʭʨ.
ˀʰʴʨ-ʨʸʹʰ. ʪʨʴʹˆʭʨʭʬʩʨ ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ ˂ʴʵʩʰʬʸʬʩʰʹ ʳʨʫʲ˂ˆʬʩʻʲʹʨ ʫʨ
ʹˆʬʻʲʰʹʬʻʲʰ ʸ˄ʳʬʴʰʯ ˀʬʶʿʸʵʩʰʲʹ ˀʵʸʰʹ ʰʹ ʨʸʰʹ, ʸʵʳ
ʶʰʸʭʬʲʰ ʳʰˇʨ˅ʭʻʲʰʨ ʱʸʰˀʴʨʮʬ, ʳʬʵʸʬ ʱʰ ʹʨʱʻʯʨʸ
ʳʵʽʳʬʫʬʩʨʯʨ ˀʬʫʬʪʬʩʮʬ. ʻʼʲʰʹ ʹʨʨʳʬʩʲʨʫ ʳˀʸʵʳʬʲʹ ʨʸ
ʨʾʬʲʭʬʩʹ – ʳʵʰʪʬʩʹ ʯʻ ʰʮʨʸʨʲʬʩʹ. “ʩˈʨʪʨʭʨʺʨʳˀʰ”
ʪʨʴʳʨʸʺʬʩʻʲʰʨ, ʸʵʳ ʳʵʽʳʬʫʬʩʰʹ ˀʬʫʬʪʮʬ ʾʬʲʭʰʹ ʳʰʮʬʮʰ
˂ʵ˂ˆʨʲʰ ʨʸʹʬʩʰʹ ʵʸʳʨʪʵʩʰʹ ʸ˄ʳʬʴʰʯ, ʨʴʻ ʨʩʹʵʲʻʺʻʸʰ
˅ʬˀʳʨʸʰʺʬʩʰʹ ˀʬʹʨˆʬʩ ˂ʵʫʴʰʹ ʪʨʸʬˀʬ ʳʵʽʳʬʫʬʩʨʨ. ʱʸʰˀʴʨ ʨʸʰʹ
ʻʮʬʴʨʬʹʰ ʨʩʹʵʲʻʺʻʸʰ ˅ʬˀʳʨʸʰʺʬʩʨ, ʾʳʸʯʨʬʩʸʰʭʰ ʶʰʸʵʭʴʬʩʨ,
ʸʵʳʲʰʹ ˂ʴʵʩʰʬʸʬʩʰʫʨʴ ʪʨʳʵʸʰ˂ˆʻʲʰʨ ʵʸʳʨʪʵʩʨ. ʿʵʭʬʲʰʭʬ
ʨʸʹʬʩʻʲʰ ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ ʬʴʬʸʪʰʰʹ ʶʰʸʳˀʵʨ. ʨʳʰʺʵʳ ʳʰʹʰ ˂ʴʵʩʰʬʸʬʩʰʹ
ʹʨʻʼʲʵˀʰ ʳʵʽʳʬʫʬʩʨ ʨʩʹʵʲʻʺʻʸ ʫʵʴʬʮʬ ʳʰʳʫʰʴʨʸʬʵʩʹ –
ʺʸʨʴʹ˂ʬʴʫʬʴʺʻʸʰʨ ʫʨ ʳʨʺʬʸʰʨʲʻʸʰ ʳʰʮʬʮʰ ʨʸ ʪʨʨˁʴʰʨ.
ʨʳʰʺʵʳ ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ ʳʰʴʫʵʩʰʲʰ ʶʰʸʵʭʴʬʩʨ ʳˀʭʰʫʵʩʰʯ ʨʸʰʹ
ʨʾʹʨʭʹʬ. ʪʸ˃ʴʵʩʨʯʨ ʫʨʱʳʨʿʵʼʰʲʬʩʰʹ ʨʴʪʨʸʰˀʹ ʪʨʳʵʫʬʭʴʬʩʻʲʰ
ʱʨ˂ʰ ʭʬʸ ʨʾ˄ʬʭʹ ʨʹʬʯ ʻʫʸʺʭʰʴʭʬʲʵʩʨʹ. ˀʬ˂ʴʵʩʨ ʰʳʰʹʨ, ʸʵʳ ʨʸ
ʨʸʹʬʩʵʩʹ ʸʨʰʳʬ ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ ʪʨʸʫʨ, ʳˀʭʰʫʵʩʰʹʨ ʫʨ ʻˀʰˀʸʵʬʩʰʹ
ʹʨ˄ʰʴʫʨʸʰʨ. ʬʹ ʨʸʰʹ ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ ˂ʴʵʩʰʬʸʬʩʰʹ ʹʨʰʫʻʳʲʵʬʩʨ.
ʲʬʽʹʰ 13
ʸʵʫʬʹʨ˂ ˆʵʸ˂ˀʬʹˆʳʻʲʰ ˂ʵ˂ˆʨʲʰ ʨʸʹʬʩʨ ʯʨʭʨʫ ʪʨʴʨʪʬʩʹ
ʹʨʱʻʯʨʸ ʩʻʴʬʩʨʹ, ˀʰʴʨʪʨʴʰ ˆʳʨ ʮʻʸʪʹ ʨʽ˂ʬʭʰʴʬʩʹ ʿʵʭʬʲʪʭʨʸ

11

Tavi mexuTe – karma-ioga anu kriSnas cnobierebaSi moqmedebis ioga

ʽʳʬʫʬʩʨʯʨ ʳʰʳʨʸʯ, ʩʬʫʴʰʬʸʨʫ ˂ˆʵʭʸʵʩʹ ˂ˆʸʨʱʨʸʰʨʴ ʽʨʲʨʽˀʰ
(ʳʨʺʬʸʰʨʲʻʸ ʹˆʬʻʲˀʰ), ʨʸ˂ ˀʸʵʳʵʩʹ ʫʨ ʨʸ˂ ʹˆʭʰʹʪʨʴ
ʳʵʰʯˆʵʭʹ ˀʸʵʳʨʹ.
ˀʰʴʨ-ʨʸʹʰ. ˆʵʸ˂ˀʬʹˆʳʻʲʰ ʹʻʲʰ ˂ˆʸʨʱʨʸʰʨʴ ʽʨʲʨʽˀʰ
˂ˆʵʭʸʵʩʹ. ʹˆʬʻʲˀʰ, ʨʴʻ ˆʨʺʵʭʴʨʫ ʸʵʳ ʭʯʽʭʨʯ, ʹˆʬʻʲʰʹ
ʽʨʲʨʽˀʰ ʳʿʵʼʰ ʽʭʬˀʬ˂ʴʬʻʲʨʫ ʳʵʽʳʬʫʬʩʹ ʨʳ ʹˆʬʻʲʰʹʨʯʭʰʹ
ʫʨʳʨˆʨʹʰʨʯʬʩʬʲʰ ʩʻʴʬʩʰʹ ʳʵʫʻʹʬʩʰʹ ʸʱʨʲˀʰ. ʨʹʬ ʬʳʵʸˁʰʲʬʩʨ
ʹˆʬʻʲʹ ʹʻʲʰ, ʳʨʪʸʨʳ ʯʻ ʳʵʰʹʻʸʭʬʩʹ, ˀʬʻ˃ʲʰʨ ʯʨʭʰ
ʫʨʨʾ˄ʰʵʹ ʨʹʬʯ ʳʵʴʵʩʨʹ. ʯʨʭʰʹʰ ʻʳʨʾʲʬʹʰ ʩʻʴʬʩʰʹ ʫʨʭʰ˄ʿʬʩʰʹ
ʪʨʳʵʨ ʳˆʵʲʵʫ, ʸʵʳ ʰʪʰ ʹʨʱʻʯʨʸ ʯʨʭʹ ʳʨʺʬʸʰʨʲʻʸ ʹˆʬʻʲʯʨʴ
ʨʰʪʰʭʬʩʹ ʫʨ ʨʳʰʺʵʳʨ˂ ʰʺʨʴˇʬʩʨ. ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ ˂ʴʵʩʰʬʸʬʩʰʯ ʳʨʹ
ˀʬʻ˃ʲʰʨ ʨʾʰʫʪʰʴʵʹ ʯʨʭʰʹʰ ˅ʬˀʳʨʸʰʺʰ ʳʫʪʵʳʨʸʬʵʩʨ ʫʨ ʨʳʰʯ
ʯʨʭʰ ʫʨʨʾ˄ʰʵʹ ˆʵʸ˂ʰʬʲ ʹʨʶʿʸʵʩʰʲʬʹ. ʸʵʫʬʹʨ˂ ʨʫʨʳʰʨʴʰ
ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ ˂ʴʵʩʰʬʸʬʩʨʹ ʬʮʰʨʸʬʩʨ, ʻʳʨʲʭʬ ʹ˂ʰʲʫʬʩʨ ʹˆʬʻʲʰʹ
ʴʬʩʰʹʳʰʬʸ ʳʵʽʳʬʫʬʩʬʩʹ. ʨʳʪʭʨʸʨʫ ʨ˄ʬʹʸʰʪʬʩʹ ʹʨʱʻʯʨʸ
ˀʬʳʬ˂ʴʬʩʨʹ, ʹʸʻʲʰʨʫ ʰ˂ʭʲʰʹ ˀʬˆʬʫʻʲʬʩʬʩʹ ʫʨ ʩʬʫʴʰʬʸʨʫ
˂ˆʵʭʸʵʩʹ ˂ˆʸʨʱʨʸʰʨʴ ʽʨʲʨʽˀʰ. ʨʰ ʬʹ ˂ˆʸʨ ʱʨʸʰ˂:
“ʻʮʬʴʨʬʹʰ ʾʳʸʯʨʬʩʸʰʭʰ ʶʰʸʵʭʴʬʩʨ, ʸʵʳʬʲʰ˂ ʿʵʭʬʲʰ
˂ʵ˂ˆʨʲʰ ʨʸʹʬʩʰʹ ʹˆʬʻʲˀʰ ʳʱʭʰʫʸʵʩʹ, ʹʨʳʿʨʸʵʹʬʻʲʰ
ʹʰ˂ʵ˂ˆʲʰʹ ʪʨʴʳʪʬʩʬʲʰʨ. ʹˆʬʻʲʹ ˂ˆʸʨ ʱʨʸʰ ʨʽʭʹ (ʵʸʰ ʯʭʨʲʰ,
ʵʸʰ ʴʬʹʺʵ, ʵʸʰ ʿʻʸʰ, ʶʰʸʰ, ʻʱʨʴʨ ʺʨʴʰ ʫʨ ʹʨʹʽʬʹʵ ʵʸʪʨʴʵ).
ʾʭʯʰʻʸ ʹʻʲʰʬʸʬʩʨʹ ʳʵʱʲʬʩʻʲ ˂ʵ˂ˆʨʲ ʨʸʹʬʩʨʹ ʯʨʭʰ
ʹˆʬʻʲʨʫ ʳʰʨˁʴʰʨ, ˆʵʲʵ ʸʵʪʵʸ˂ ʱʰ ʯʨʭʹ ʳʨʹˀʰ ʫʨʭʨʴʬʩʻʲ
ʻʼʨʲʯʨʴ ʪʨʨʰʪʰʭʬʩʹ, ʻʼʨʲʰʭʰʯ ʯʨʭʰʹʻʼʨʲʰ ˆʫʬʩʨ ʨʳ
ʹˆʬʻʲˀʰ ʿʵʼʴʰʹ ʫʸʵʹʨ˂ ʱʰ.” (“ˀʭʬʺʨˀʭʨʺʨʸʨ ʻʶʨʴʰˀʨʫʰ” 3.18)
ʨʳʰʺʵʳ ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ ˂ʴʵʩʰʬʸʬʩʨʹʯʨʴ ʫʨʱʨʭˀʰʸʬʩʻʲʰ ʶʰʸʵʭʴʬʩʨ
ʨʾʨʸ ˈʳʵʴʬʩʹ ʳʨʺʬʸʰʨʲʻʸʰ ʹˆʬʻʲʰʹ ʸʵʪʵʸ˂ ʪʨʸʬʪʨʴ, ʨʹʬʭʬ
ˀʰʴʨʪʨʴ ˃ʨʲʨʹ.
ʲʬʽʹʰ 14
ˆʵʸ˂ˀʬʹˆʳʻʲʰ ʹʻʲʰ ʹʨʱʻʯʨʸʰ ʹˆʬʻʲʰʹ ʽʨʲʨʽʰʹ ʩʨʺʵʴʶʨʺʸʵʴʰʨ, ʨʸ˂ ʹʨʽʳʬ, ʨʸ˂ ʻʽʳʬ, ʨʸ˂ ʹʨʽʳʰʨʴʵʩʰʹ ʴʨʿʵʼʰ ʨʸ
ʨʰʴʺʬʸʬʹʬʩʹ, ʨʸ˂ ʨʰ˃ʻʲʬʩʹ ʹˆʭʨʹ ʰʳʵʽʳʬʫʵʹ. ʹʨʳʿʨʸʵˀʰ

12

Tavi mexuTe – karma-ioga anu kriSnas cnobierebaSi moqmedebis ioga

ʿʵʭʬʲʰʭʬ ʬʹ ʳʨʺʬʸʰʨʲʻʸʰ ʩʻʴʬʩʰʹ ʳʵʫʻʹʬʩʰʹ ˃ʨʲʰʹʨʳʬʩʸ
ʹʸʻʲʫʬʩʨ.
ˀʰʴʨ-ʨʸʹʰ. ˂ʵ˂ˆʨʲʰ ʨʸʹʬʩʨ, ʸʵʪʵʸ˂ ʬʹ ʪʨʴʳʨʸʺʬʩʻʲʰ ʰʽʴʬʩʨ
ʳʬˀʭʰʫʬ ʯʨʭˀʰ, ʻʮʬʴʨʬʹʰ ʻʼʲʰʹ ʬʴʬʸʪʰʰʹ, ʨʴʻ ʩʻʴʬʩʰʹ ʬʸʯʬʸʯʰ, ʨʳʨʹʯʨʴ ʻʳʨʾʲʬʹʰ ʪʨʳʵʭʲʰʴʬʩʨʨ. ʫʨʹʨʩʨʳʰʫʨʴ ʳʰʹ
ʹʨʳʿʵʼʬʲʨʫ ʻʼʨʲʳʨ ʳʰ˄ʰʬʸʰ ʹʨʳʿʨʸʵ ʪʨʴʨʼʰʴʨ ʫʨ ˄ʨʸʳʨʭʨʲʰ
ʹˆʬʻʲʰ ʳʰʻˁʰʴʨ ʩʰʴʨʫ. ʹ˄ʵʸʬʫ ʬʹ ˆʫʬʩʨ ʨʯʨʹʪʭʨʸʰ ʽʳʬʫʬʩʰʹʨ
ʫʨ ʳʰʹʪʨʴ ʪʨʳʵʳʫʰʴʨʸʬ ʻʱʻʽʳʬʫʬʩʰʹ ʳʰʮʬʮʰ. ʨʹʬʯ
ʪʨʴʶʰʸʵʩʬʩʻʲ ʪʨʸʬʳʵ˂ʭʨˀʰ ˂ʵ˂ˆʨʲʰ ʨʸʹʬʩʨ ʹˆʬʻʲʰʹ
ʳʵʽʳʬʫʬʩʨʯʨ ˀʬʫʬʪʬʩʰʯ ʰʺʨʴˇʬʩʨ, ʭʰʴʨʰʫʨʴ ʻʳʬ˂ʸʬʩʰʹ ʪʨʳʵ
ʹʨʱʻʯʨʸ ʯʨʭʹ ʹˆʬʻʲʯʨʴ ʨʰʪʰʭʬʩʹ. ʻˆʹʵʭʨʸʰ ʫʸʵʰʫʨʴ
ʳʵʿʵʲʬʩʻʲʰ ʬʹ ʻʪʻʴʻʸʬʩʨʨ ʹˆʬʻʲʰʹʬʻʲʰ ʺʨʴˇʭʰʹʨ ʫʨ
ʪʨ˅ʰʸʭʬʩʰʹ ʳʰʮʬʮʰ. ʸʵʪʵʸ˂ ʱʰ ˂ʵ˂ˆʨʲʰ ʨʸʹʬʩʨ ʮʻʸʪʹ
ˀʬʨʽ˂ʬʭʹ ʹˆʬʻʲʰʹ ʩʸ˃ʨʴʬʩʨʯʨ ˀʬʹʸʻʲʬʩʨʹ, ʯʨʭʰʹʻʼʲʫʬʩʨ.
ʹʨʴʨʳ ʰʪʰ ʹˆʬʻʲʰʹ ʽʨʲʨʽˀʰ ʰʳʿʵʼʬʩʨ, ʯʨʭʹ ʳʰʹ ʩʨʺʵʴʨʫ
ʯʭʲʰʹ, ʳʨʪʸʨʳ ʹˆʬʻʲʰ ʹʰʴʨʳʫʭʰʲʬˀʰ ʳʨʹ ʨʸ ʬʱʻʯʭʴʰʹ ʫʨ ʨʸ˂
ʳʰʹʰ ʽʳʬʫʬʩʰʹʨ ʫʨ ʻʱʻʽʳʬʫʬʩʰʹ ˄ʨʸʳʨʸʯʭʰʹ ˃ʨʲʨ ˀʬʹ˄ʬʭʹ.
ʻʩʸʨʲʵʫ ʳʰ˄ʰʬʸʬʩʰʹ ʵʱʬʨʴʬˀʰʨ ˁʨʭʨʸʫʴʰʲʰ ʫʨ ʨʸʹʬʩʵʩʰʹ
ʪʨʫʨʹʨʸˁʬʴʨʫ ʻʳ˄ʬʵʫ ʼʨʸʯˆʨʲʬʩʹ, ʵʱʬʨʴʰʹ ʺʨʲʾʬʩʰ ʱʰ ʨʽʬʯʰʽʬʯ ʨˆʬʯʽʬʩʹ. ʳʰʹʯʭʰʹ ʹʨʻʱʬʯʬʹʵ ʪʮʨʨ, ʰʸ˄ʳʻʴʵʹ ʱʸʰˀʴʨ ʫʨ
ʳʰʹʰ ˂ʴʵʩʰʬʸʬʩʰʹ ˃ʨʲʰʯ ʪʨʳʵʭʰʫʬʹ ˄ʿʲʰʫʨʴ. ʳˆʵʲʵʫ ʬʹ
ʪʨʫʨʨʸˁʬʴʹ ʳʨʹ.
ʲʬʽʹʰ 15
ʻʮʬʴʨʬʹʰ ʻʼʨʲʰ ʨʸ ʨʪʬʩʹ ʶʨʹʻˆʹ ʭʰʴʳʬʹ ˂ʵʫʭʰʲ ʨʴ ʳʨʫʲʰʨʴ
ʹʨʽʳʰʨʴʵʩʨʮʬ. ʯʨʭʨʫ ˆʵʸˀʬʹˆʳʻʲ ʨʸʹʬʩʬʩʹ ʬʩʵ˃ʨʯ ʾʭʯʰʹ
˅ʬˀʳʨʸʰʺʰ ˂ʵʫʴʨ, ʳʨʪʸʨʳ ʻʳʬ˂ʸʬʩʰʯ ʪʨʩʸʰʿʭʬʩʻʲʯ ʭʬʸ
ˀʬʻ˂ʭʴʰʨʯ ʰʪʰ.
ˀʰʴʨ-ʨʸʹʰ. ʹʨʴʹʱʸʰʺʻʲʰ ʹʰʺʿʭʨ ʭʰʩˈʻ ʴʰˀʴʨʭʹ ʻʮʬʴʨʬʹ ʻʼʨʲʹ,
ʸʵʳʬʲʰ˂ ʨʾʹʨʭʹʬʨ ʻʹʨʹʸʻʲʵ ˂ʵʫʴʰʯ, ʹʰʳʫʰʫʸʰʯ, ˃ʨʲʰʯ,
ʹʨˆʬʲʵʭʴʬʩʰʯ, ʹʰʲʨʳʨʮʰʯʨ ʫʨ ʪʨʴʫʬʪʰʲʵʩʰʯ. ʰʪʰ ʳʨʸʨʫ
ʴʬʺʨʸʰʨ ʹʨʱʻʯʨʸʰ ʨʸʹʬʩʵʩʰʯ, ʸʨʫʪʨʴ ʨʸ ʨ˄ʻˆʬʩʹ ˂ʵʫʭʰʲʰ ʫʨ

13

Tavi mexuTe – karma-ioga anu kriSnas cnobierebaSi moqmedebis ioga

ʳʨʫʲʳʵʹʰʲʰ ʳʵʽʳʬʫʬʩʬʩʰ. ʰʪʰ ʨʸ ʻʽʳʴʰʹ ʨʸʨʭʰʯʨʸ ʹʰʺʻʨ˂ʰʨʹ
ʨʸ˂ ʬʸʯ ˂ʵ˂ˆʨʲ ʨʸʹʬʩʨʹ. ʶʰʸʰʽʰʯ, ʯʨʭʨʫ ʻʪʻʴʻʸʬʩʰʯ
ʪʵʴʬʩʨʫʨʩʰʴʫʬʩʻʲ ˂ʵ˂ˆʨʲ ʨʸʹʬʩʨʹ ʹʻʸʹ ʳʵʬʽ˂ʬʹ ˂ˆʵʭʸʬʩʰʹ
ʪʨʸʱʭʬʻʲ ʶʰʸʵʩʬʩˀʰ ʫʨ ˀʬʰʩʵʸʱʵʹ ʳʰ˄ʰʬʸ ʽʳʬʫʬʩʨʻʱʻʽʳʬʫʬʩʨʯʨ ˇʨ˅ʭʰʯ.
ʻʼʨʲʳʨ ʰʪʰ ʻʳʨʾʲʬʹʰ ʩʻʴʬʩʰʯ ˀʭʨ ʫʨ ˂ʵʫʴʰʯ ʨʾʨʭʹʵ.
ʳʰʻˆʬʫʨʭʨʫ ʨʳʰʹʨ, ʹʨʱʻʯʨʸʰ ˀʬʮʾʻʫʻʲʵʩʰʹ ʪʨʳʵ ʳʨʹ
ʳʰʫʸʬʱʰʲʬʩʨ ʨʽʭʹ, ʳʵʬʽ˂ʬʹ ʻʪʻʴʻʸʬʩʰʹ ʪʨʭʲʬʴʨˀʰ. ˂ʵ˂ˆʨʲʰ
ʨʸʹʬʩʨ ʻʼʨʲʰʭʰʯ ʿʵʭʲʰʹˀʬʳ˃ʲʬ ʨʸ ʨʸʰʹ. ʨʹʬʯʰ ʳˆʵʲʫʵ
ʭʰʩˈʻʨ ʨʴʻ ʿʵʭʲʰʹʳ˂ʵʫʴʬ: ˂ʵ˂ˆʨʲ ʨʸʹʬʩʨʹ ˈʽʭʰʨ ʨʴʻ, ʬ.ʰ.
ʨʺʵʳʰʹʴʨʰʸʰ.
˂ʵ˂ˆʨʲ ʨʸʹʬʩʨʹ ʹʨʱʻʯʨʸʰ ʯʨʭʰʹʻʼʨʲʰ ʴʬʩʰʹ ˀʬʹʨʩʨʳʰʹʰ
ʹʻʸʭʰʲʬʩʰ ʨʽʭʹ. ʨʹʬʯ ʹʻʸʭʰʲʬʩʹ ʳʨʹ ʳˆʵʲʵʫ ʿʵʭʲʰʹˀʬʳ˃ʲʬ
ʻʼʨʲʰ ʻʹʸʻʲʬʩʹ. ʳʨˀʰʴʨ˂, ʸʵʫʬʹʨ˂ ˂ʵ˂ˆʨʲʰ ʨʸʹʬʩʨ ˂ʫʬʩʨ,
ʻʼʨʲʰ ˄ʰʴ ʨʸ ʨʾʻʫʪʬʩʨ – ʫʨʬ, ˀʬ˂ʫʬʹ, ʳʨʪʸʨʳ ʻʼʨʲʰ
ʨʸʨʹʵʫʬʹ ʨʪʬʩʹ ʶʨʹʻˆʹ ʨʹʬʯ ʳ˂ʫʨʸ ʽʳʬʫʬʩʬʩʹʨ ʫʨ ʳʨʯ
ˀʬʫʬʪʬʩʮʬ.
ˆʵʸ˂ˀʬʹˆʳʻʲʰ ʹʻʲʰ ʹʨʱʻʯʨʸ ʯʨʭʹ ʳʨʺʬʸʰʨʲʻʸ ʹˆʬʻʲʨʫ
ʳʰʰˁʴʬʭʹ ʫʨ ˄ʨʸʳʨʭʨʲʰ ˂ˆʵʭʸʬʩʰʹ ʺʨʴˇʭʰʹʨ ʯʻ ʩʬʫʴʰʬʸʬʩʰʹ
ʪʨʭʲʬʴʨʹ ʬʳʵʸˁʰʲʬʩʨ. ʻʼʨʲʰ ʳʻʫʨʳ ʯʨʴ ʨˆʲʨʭʹ ˂ʵ˂ˆʨʲ
ʨʸʹʬʩʨʹ ʶʨʸʨʳʨʺʳʨʹ, ʨʴʻ ʮʬʹʻʲʰʹ ʹʨˆʰʯ ʫʨ ʳʻʫʨʳ ʬʹʳʰʹ
ʰʴʫʰʭʰʫʻʨʲʻʸʰ ʹʻʲʰʹ ʹʻʸʭʰʲʬʩʰ, ʺʨʴˇʭʨ ʯʻ ʹʰˆʨʸʻʲʰ,
ʸʵʪʵʸ˂ ʨʫʨʳʰʨʴʰ ʿʭʨʭʰʲʯʨʴ ʳʰʨˆʲʵʬʩʰʹʨʹ ʳʰʹ ʹʻʸʴʬʲʹ
ʪʸ˃ʴʵʩʹ, ʻʮʬʴʨʬʹʰ ʨʹʬ ʰʪʬʩʹ ʨʸʹʬʩʵʩʰʹ ʿʵʭʬʲ ˀʰʴʨʪʨʴ ˃ʭʸʨʹ.
ʹʻʸʭʰʲʰ ˂ʵ˂ˆʨʲʰ ʨʸʹʬʩʰʹ ʪʨʴʶʰʸʵʩʬʩʰʹ ʻʴʨʺʰʼʬʹʰ ʼʵʸʳʨʨ.
ʻʼʨʲʰ ʳˆʵʲʵʫ ʫʨʳʹʨˆʻʸʬʩʰʹ ˀʬʹʨʩʨʳʰʹʨʫ ʻʹʸʻʲʬʩʹ
ʹʻʸʭʰʲʬʩʹ ˂ʵ˂ˆʨʲ ʨʸʹʬʩʨʹ ʫʨ ʨʸʨ ʰʹʬ, ʸʵʪʵʸ˂ ʶʰʸʵʭʴʬʩʨʹ
ʳʵʻʴʫʬʩʨ. ʹʨʱʻʯʨʸʰ ʹʻʸʭʰʲʬʩʰʹ ʨʾʹʸʻʲʬʩʰʹ ˃ʨʲʳʵʹʰʲʬʩʨ
ʰʴʫʰʭʰʫʬʩʹ ʨʸʨ ʨʽʭʯ, ʬʹ ʳˆʵʲʵʫ ʻʼʨʲʹ ˀʬʻ˃ʲʰʨ – ʿʭʬʲʨʹ
ʳʰʳʨʸʯ ʯʨʴʨʩʸʨʫ ʳʵ˄ʿʨʲʬʹ. ʳʨʪʸʨʳ ʸʵʫʬʹʨ˂ ˂ʵ˂ˆʨʲʰ ʨʸʹʬʩʨ
ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ ʳʰʬʴʫʵʩʨ, ʻʼʨʲʰ ʻʱʭʬ ʪʨʴʹʨʱʻʯʸʬʩʻʲ
ʳʮʸʻʴʭʬʲʵʩʨʹ ʰˁʬʴʹ, ʨʳˆʴʬʭʬʩʹ ʫʨ ʯʨʭʰʹʱʬʴ ʰ˄ʭʬʭʹ,
ʳʨʸʨʫʰʻʲʰ ʩʬʫʴʰʬʸʬʩʰʹ ʶʵʭʴʰʹ ʸ˄ʳʬʴʨʹ ʻʾʭʰʭʬʩʹ.

14

Tavi mexuTe – karma-ioga anu kriSnas cnobierebaSi moqmedebis ioga

ʭʬʫʻʸ ˈʰʳʴʬʩˀʰ ʴʨʯʽʭʨʳʰʨ: “ʻʼʨʲʰ ˂ʵ˂ˆʨʲ ʨʸʹʬʩʨʯʨ ʴʨ˄ʰʲʹ
ʾʭʯʨʬʩʸʰʭ ʹʨʽʳʰʨʴʵʩʬʩˀʰ ʨʹʨʽʳʬʩʹ, ʸʨʯʨ ʳʨʯ ʨʳʨʾʲʬʩʨ ˀʬ˃ʲʵʴ.
ʻʼʲʰʹ ʻʨʸʳʿʵʼʬʲʯ ʱʰ ʩʰ˄ʰʬʸ ʹʨʽʳʰʨʴʵʩʬʩʹ ʳʰʻˁʬʴʹ, ʸʵʳ
ˇʵˇʵˆʬʯʰ ʨʸ ʨʹ˂ʫʬʯ.” (“ʱʨʻˀʰʺʨʱʰ ʻʶʨʴʰˀʨʫʰ” 3.8)
“˂ʵ˂ˆʨʲʰ ʨʸʹʬʩʨ ʯʨʭʰʹʰ ʪʨ˅ʰʸʭʬʩʰʹʨ ʫʨ ʩʬʫʴʰʬʸʬʩʰʹ
ʳʵʶʵʭʬʩʨˀʰ ʫʨʳʵʱʰʫʬʩʻʲʰʨ ʻʼʨʲʮʬ. ʻʮʬʴʨʬʹʰʹ ʴʬʩʰʯ ʰʪʰ
ˀʬʰ˃ʲʬʩʨ ˄ʨʭʰʫʬʹ ʮʬ˂ʨˀʰ ʨʴ ˇʵˇʵˆʬʯˀʰ, ʳʨʯ ʩʬʫʹ ʪʨʴʨʪʬʩʹ
ʻʼʨʲʰ ʰʹʬ, ʸʵʪʵʸ˂ ʾʸʻʩʬʲʹ ʫʨʨʺʨʸʬʩʹ ʽʨʸʰ.”
ʨʹʬʨ ʫʨʹʨʩʨʳʰʫʨʴ – ʭʰʴ˂ ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ ˂ʴʵʩʰʬʸʬʩʨʹ ʯʨʭʹ ʨʸʰʫʬʩʹ,
ˆʵʸ˂ˀʬʹˆʳʻʲʰ ʹʻʲʰ ʯʨʭʰʹʰʭʬ ʹʻʸʭʰʲʬʩʰʹ ʺʿʭʬ ˆʫʬʩʨ ʫʨ
ʹʨʾʨʫ ʪʨʴʹˇʰʹ ʻʴʨʸʹ ʱʨʸʪʨʭʹ – ʹʰʩʸʰʿʭʬ ʳʵʬ˃ʨʲʬʩʨ. ʯʻʳ˂ʨ
ʱʨ˂ʰ ʯʨʭʰʹʰ ʨʸʹʰʯ ʳʨʸʨʫʰʻʲʰ, ʴʬʺʨʸʰ ʫʨ ˂ʴʵʩʰʬʸʰʨ,
ʻʳʬ˂ʸʬʩʰʹ ʪʨʳʵ ʰʭʰ˄ʿʬʩʹ, ʸʵʳ ʻʼʲʰʹ ʳʹʨˆʻʸʨʫ ʨʸʰʹ
ʫʨʫʪʰʴʬʩʻʲʰ ʫʨ ʨʳʪʭʨʸʨʫ ʻʳʬ˂ʸʬʩʰʹ ˆʨʼʨʴʪˀʰ ʬʩʳʬʩʨ.
ʻʪʻʴʻʸʬʩʨ ʨʯʽʳʬʭʰʴʬʩʹ ˂ʵ˂ˆʨʲ ʨʸʹʬʩʨʹ, ʸʵʳ ʻʼʨʲʰ ʨʪʬʩʹ
ʶʨʹʻˆʹ ʳʰʹ ʪʨʴʶʰʸʵʩʬʩʻʲ ʨʸʹʬʩʵʩʨʮʬ. “ʭʬʫʨʴʺʨ-ʹʻʺʸʬʩʰ˂”
(2.1.34) ʨʳʨʹʭʬ ʨʫʨʹʺʻʸʬʩʹ:
“ʻʼʨʲʹ ʨʸ˂ ʨʸʨʭʰʴ ʹ˃ʻʲʹ ʫʨ ʨʸ˂ ʨʸʨʭʰʴ ʳʵʹ˄ʵʴʹ, ʳʰʻˆʬʫʨʭʨʫ
ʰʳʰʹʨ, ʸʵʳ ʬʹ ʨʹʬ ʪʭʬˁʭʬʴʬʩʨ”.
ʲʬʽʹʰ 16
ʸʵʫʬʹʨ˂ ˂ʵ˂ˆʨʲʰ ʨʸʹʬʩʨ ʻʳʬ˂ʸʬʩʨʹ ˀʬʳʻʹʸʨʭʹ
ʾʭʯʰʭʪʨʹˆʰʭʵʹʴʬʩʻʲʰ ˂ʵʫʴʰʯ ʫʨ ʯʨʭʨʫʨ˂ ʴʨʯʲʰʯ ʨʾʰʭʹʬʩʨ,
ʳʰʹʰ ˂ʵʫʴʨ ʳʮʰʹʫʨʸʨʫ ˀʻʽʹ ʳʵˈʼʬʴʹ ʿʭʬʲʨʼʬʸʹ.
ˀʰʴʨ-ʨʸʹʰ. ʰʹʰʴʰ, ʭʰʴ˂ ʱʸʰˀʴʨ ʫʨʰʭʰ˄ʿʬʹ, ʹʰʩʸʰʿʭʰʹ ʺʿʭʬʴʰ
ˆʫʬʩʰʨʴ, ˆʵʲʵ ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ ˂ʴʵʩʰʬʸʬʩʨˀʰ ʳʿʵʼʴʰ ʪʵʴʰʭʸʻʲʨʫ
ʪʨʴʳʹˇʬʲʴʰ ʨʸʰʨʴ ʫʨ ʨʸ ʺʿʻʭʫʬʩʰʨʴ. “ʩˈʨʪʨʭʨʫ-ʪʰʺʨˀʰ”
ʴʨʯʽʭʨʳʰʨ: ʹʨʸʭʨʳ ˇʴʨʴʨ-ʶʲʨʭʬʴʨ, ˇʴʨʴʨʪʴʰˈ ʹʨʸʭʨ-ʱʨʸʳʨʴʰ ʫʨ ʴʨ
ˈʰ ˇʴʨʴʬʴʨ ʹʨʫʸʰˀʨʳ. ˂ʵʫʴʨ ʿʵʭʬʲʯʭʰʹ ˃ʭʰʸʨʫ ʼʨʹʵʩʹ.
ʸʨ ʨʸʰʹ ʬʹ ˂ʵʫʴʨ? ʹʸʻʲʿʵʼʰʲʰ ˂ʵʫʴʨ ʳʰʰʾ˄ʬʭʨ ʳʨˀʰʴ,
ʸʵʫʬʹʨ˂ ˂ʵ˂ˆʨʲʰ ʨʸʹʬʩʨ ʳʰʬʴʫʵʩʨ ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ, ʸʵʪʵʸ˂ ʬʹ
ʳʬˀʭʰʫʬ ʯʨʭʰʹ ʳʬ˂ˆʸʨʳʬʺʬ ʲʬʽʹˀʰʨ ʴʨʯʽʭʨʳʰ: ʳʸʨʭʨʲʰ,
ʳʸʨʭʨʲʰ ʫʨʩʨʫʬʩʰʹ ʪʨʭʲʰʹ ˀʬʳʫʬʪ, ʸʵʫʬʹʨ˂ ʹʸʻʲʿʵʼʰʲʰ

15

Tavi mexuTe – karma-ioga anu kriSnas cnobierebaSi moqmedebis ioga

˂ʵ˂ˆʨʲʰ ʨʸʹʬʩʨ ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ ʳʰʬʴʫʵʩʨ, ʨʴʻ ʸʵʫʬʹʨ˂ ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ
˂ʴʵʩʰʬʸʬʩʨʹ ʳʰʨʾ˄ʬʭʹ, ʪʵʴʬʩʨʹ ʰʹʬ ʪʨʻʴʨʯʬʩʹ ʻʼʨʲʰ, ʸʵʪʵʸ˂
ʳʮʬ ʨʹˆʰʭʵʹʴʬʩʹ ʰʸʪʭʲʰʭ ʿʭʬʲʨʼʬʸʹ.
˂ʵ˂ˆʨʲ ʨʸʹʬʩʨʹ ˆˀʰʸʨʫ ʨʺʿʻʬʩʹ ʯʨʭʰʹʰ ʳʰ˄ʰʬʸʰ ʩʻʴʬʩʨ.
ʳʨʪʨʲʰʯʨʫ, ʯʨʭˆʬʫʻʸʨʫ ʯʭʲʰʹ ʹʨʱʻʯʨʸ ʯʨʭʹ ʾʳʬʸʯʨʫ. ʯʻ
ʰʪʰ ʾʳʬʸʯʰʨ, ʻʳʬ˂ʸʬʩʨ ʸʵʪʵʸ ˇʨʩʴʰʹ?! ʯʻ ʬʹ ʨʹʬʨ, ʳʨˀʰʴ
ʻʳʬ˂ʸʬʩʨ, ʨʴʻ ʹʨʺʨʴʨ ʾʳʬʸʯʮʬ ˃ʲʰʬʸʰ ʿʵʼʰʲʨ. ʨʹʬʯʰ
ʩʸʰʿʭʻʲʰ ʫʨ ʳʵʻʸʰʫʬʩʬʲʰ ʸʳ˄ʬʴʰʹ ʯʨʭʰʫʨʴ ʨʹʨ˂ʰʲʬʩʲʨʫ
˅ʬˀʳʨʸʰʺʰ ˂ʵʫʴʨʨ ʹʨ˅ʰʸʵ, ʸʰʹ ʳʰʾʬʩʨˀʰ˂ ʰʹ ʶʰʸʵʭʴʬʩʨ
ʫʨʬˆʳʨʸʬʩʨ, ʸʵʳʬʲʳʨ˂ ʹʸʻʲʿʵʼʰʲ ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ ˂ʴʵʩʰʬʸʬʩʨʹ
ˀʬʨʼʨʸʨ ʯʨʭʰ. ʨʫʨʳʰʨʴʳʨ ʨʹʬʯʰ ˅ʬˀʳʨʸʰʺʰ ʹʻʲʰʬʸʰ ʳʵ˃ʾʭʨʸʰ
ʻʴʫʨ ʳʵ˃ʬʩʴʵʹ ʫʨ ʳʰʹʰ ˄ʰʴʨʳ˃ʾʭʸʵʩʰʯ ˀʬʰ˂ʴʵʹ ʻʼʲʰʹ
ʹʰʩʸ˃ʴʬ, ʸʵʪʵʸ˂ ʳʮʬʹʨʭʰʯ ʻʳʬ˂ʸʬʩʰʹ ˄ʿʭʫʰʨʫʰʹ
ʪʨʳʼʨʴʺʭʬʲʰ. ʱʨ˂ʹ ˀʬʰ˃ʲʬʩʨ ʹʸʻʲʰ ˂ʵʫʴʨ˂ ˈʽʵʴʫʬʹ ʰʳʰʹ
ʯʨʵʩʨʮʬ, ʸʵʳ ʰʪʰ ʬʹ ʹˆʬʻʲʰ ʨʸ ʨʸʰʹ ʫʨ ʸʵʳ
ʺʸʨʴʹ˂ʬʴʫʬʴʺʻʸʰ ʹʻʲʰʨ, ʳʨʪʸʨʳ ʭʬʸ ʹ˄ʭʫʬʩʵʫʬʹ ʹʻʲʰʹ
ʮʬʹʻʲʰʹʨʪʨʴ ʪʨʴʹˆʭʨʭʬʩʰʹ ʹʰʾʸʳʬʹ. ʨʳʰʺʵʳ ʿʭʬʲʨʼʬʸʹ
ʪʻʲʰʹʿʻʸʰʯ ʻʴʫʨ ʫʨʬʻʼʲʵʹ, ʯʻʱʰ ʹʻʸʹ ʯʨʭˀʬʹʨʼʨʸʰ
ˈʶʵʭʵʹ ʹʸʻʲʿʵʼʰʲ, ˅ʬˀʳʨʸʰʺ ʹʻʲʰʬʸ ʳʵ˃ʾʭʨʸʯʨʴ, ʭʰʹʰ
˄ʿʨʲʵʩʰʯʨ˂ ʩʵʲʵʳʫʬ ˀʬʰ˂ʴʵʹ – ʭʰʴ ʨʸʰʹ ʾʳʬʸʯʰ ʫʨ ʸʵʪʵʸʰ
ʻʴʫʨ ʰʿʵʹ ʳʰʹʰ ʻʸʯʰʬʸʯʵʩʨ ʾʳʬʸʯʯʨʴ.
ʳʵ˃ʾʭʨʸʰ ʾʳʬʸʯʰʹ ˄ʨʸʳʵʳʨʫʪʬʴʬʲʰʨ, ʳʨʪʸʨʳ ʨʸʨʹʵʫʬʹ
ʨ˂ˆʨʫʬʩʹ, ʸʵʳ ʯʨʭʨʫʨ˂ ʾʳʬʸʯʰʨ, ʯʻʳ˂ʨ ʳʨʹ ʰʹʬʯʰʭʬ ʶʨʺʰʭʹ
ʹ˂ʬʳʬʴ, ʸʵʪʵʸ˂ ʾʳʬʸʯʹ. ʹʨ˅ʰʸʵʨ ʾʳʬʸʯʹʨ ʫʨ ˂ʵ˂ˆʨʲ ʨʸʹʬʩʨʹ
ˀʵʸʰʹ ʨʸʹʬʩʻʲʰ ʪʨʴʹˆʭʨʭʬʩʬʩʰʹ ˀʬ˂ʴʵʩʨ, ʨʳʰʺʵʳ ʻʼʨʲʰ ˀʸʰ
ʱʸʰˀʴʨ ʨʳʩʵʩʹ ʳʬʵʸʬ ʯʨʭˀʰ (2.12), ʸʵʳ ʿʵʭʬʲʰ ˂ʵ˂ˆʨʲʰ ʨʸʹʬʩʨ
ʰʴʫʰʭʰʫʻʨʲʻʸʰʨ ʫʨ ʸʵʳ ʻʼʨʲʰ˂ ʰʴʫʰʭʰʫʻʨʲʻʸʰʨ.
ʿʵʭʬʲʰ ʳʨʯʪʨʴʰ ʰʴʫʰʭʰʫʻʨʲʻʸʰ ʰʿʵ ˄ʨʸʹʻʲˀʰ,
ʰʴʫʰʭʰʫʻʨʲʻʸʰʨ ʨ˄ʳʿʵˀʰ ʫʨ ʨʹʬʯʨʫ ʫʨʸˁʬʩʨ ʳʵʳʨʭʨʲˀʰ,
ʪʨʴʯʨʭʰʹʻʼʲʬʩʰʹ ˀʬʳʫʬʪʨ˂ ʱʰ. ʾʨʳʰʯ ˄ʿʭʫʰʨʫˀʰ ʿʭʬʲʨʼʬʸʰ
ʬʸʯʰʨʴʰ ʪʭʬˁʭʬʴʬʩʨ, ʳʨʪʸʨʳ ʫʾʰʹʰʯ, ʸʵʫʬʹʨ˂ ʳʮʬ ʨʴʨʯʬʩʹ,
ʿʭʬʲʨʼʬʸʰ ʯʨʭʰʹ ˅ʬˀʳʨʸʰʺ ʹʨˆʬʹ ʰʾʬʩʹ. ʹʻʲʰʬʸʰʹʨ ʫʨ
ʰʴʫʰʭʰʫʻʨʲʵʩʰʹ ˀʬʸ˄ʿʳʨ ˅ʬˀʳʨʸʰʺʰ ˂ʵʫʴʰʹ ʹʨ˃ʰʸʱʭʬʲʰʨ.

16

Tavi mexuTe – karma-ioga anu kriSnas cnobierebaSi moqmedebis ioga

ʲʬʽʹʰ 17
ʸʵʫʬʹʨ˂ ˂ʵ˂ˆʨʲʰ ʨʸʹʬʩʰʹ ʪʵʴʰʬʸʬʩʨ, ˂ʴʵʩʰʬʸʬʩʨ, ʸ˄ʳʬʴʨ ʫʨ
ʹʨʳʻʫʨʳʵ ʹʨʳʿʵʼʬʲʰʹ ˃ʰʬʩʨ ˀʬʴʰʭʯʬʩʻʲʰʨ ʻʮʬʴʨʬʹˀʰ,
ʾʭʯʰʻʸʰ ʹʰʩʸ˃ʴʰʯ ʪʨʴʰ˄ʳʰʴʫʬʩʨ ʳʰʹʰ ʸ˄ʳʬʴʨ ʬ˅ʭʯʨʪʨʴ ʫʨ ʰʪʰ
ʫʨʻʩʸʱʵʲʬʩʲʰʭ ʳʰˈʿʭʬʩʨ ʪʨʴʯʨʭʰʹʻʼʲʬʩʰʹ ʪʮʨʹ.
ˀʰʴʨ-ʨʸʹʰ. ʻʮʬʴʨʬʹʰ ʺʸʨʴʹ˂ʬʴʫʬʴʺʻʸʰ ˅ʬˀʳʨʸʰʺʬʩʨ ʯʨʭʨʫ
ʻʼʨʲʰ ʱʸʰˀʴʨʨ. “ʩˈʨʪʨʭʨʫ-ʪʰʺʨ” ʫʨʼʻ˃ʴʬʩʻʲʰʨ ʫʬʩʻʲʬʩʨʮʬ,
ʸʵʳ ʱʸʰˀʴʨ ʻʮʬʴʨʬʹʰ ʾʳʸʯʨʬʩʸʰʭʰ ʶʰʸʵʭʴʬʩʨʨ. ʬʹ ʨʸʰʹ ʳʯʬʲʰ
ʭʬʫʻʸʰ ˄ʬʸʰʲʬʩʰʹ ʫʨʹʱʭʴʨ˂. ʶʨʸʨ-ʺʨʺʭʨ ʴʰˀʴʨʭʹ ʻʳʨʾʲʬʹ
ʸʬʨʲʵʩʨʹ, ʸʵʳʬʲʰ˂ ʻʮʬʴʨʬʹʰʹ ˀʬ˂ʴʵʩʰʯ ʬʹʳʰʯ, ʸʵʪʵʸ˂
ʩʸʨˈʳʨʴʰ, ʶʨʸʨʳʨʺʳʨ ʫʨ ʩˈʨʪʨʭʨʴʰ, ʨʴʻ ʻʮʬʴʨʬʹʰ ʾʳʸʯʨʬʩʸʰʭʰ
ʶʰʸʵʭʴʬʩʨ ʳ˄ʭʬʸʭʨʲʰʨ ʨʩʹʵʲʻʺʻʸʵʩʰʹʨ. ʨʸ ʨʸʹʬʩʵʩʹ ʸʨʰʳʬ
ʳʨʹʮʬ ʳʬʺʰ. ʶʰʸʵʭʴʵ ʩʸʨˈʳʨʴʰ˂ ʱʸʰˀʴʨʮʬʨ ʫʨʼʻ˃ʴʬʩʻʲʰ:
ʩʸʨˈʳʨʴʵ ˈʰ ʶʸʨʺʰˀʯˈʨˈʨʳ. ʨʳʰʺʵʳ ʴʬʩʰʹʳʰʬʸʰ ʯʭʨʲʹʨʮʸʰʹʰʯ,
ʱʸʰˀʴʨ ʻʳʨʾʲʬʹ ʸʬʨʲʵʩʨʹ ˄ʨʸʳʵʨʫʪʬʴʹ.
ʰʹ, ʭʰʹʰ ˂ʴʵʩʰʬʸʬʩʨ, ʪʵʴʬʩʨ, ʸ˄ʳʬʴʨ ʫʨ ʯʨʭˀʬʹʨʼʨʸʰ ʳʻʫʨʳ
ʱʸʰˀʴʨˀʰ ʳʵʰʨʮʸʬʩʨ, ʹˆʭʨ ʹʰʺʿʭʬʩʰʯ ʸʵʳ ʭʯʽʭʨʯ, ʰʹ, ʭʰʴ˂
ʹʸʻʲ ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ ˂ʴʵʩʰʬʸʬʩʨˀʰ ʰʳʿʵʼʬʩʨ, ʻʱʭʬ ʪʨʴ˄ʳʬʴʫʰʲʰʨ
ʿʵʭʬʲʪʭʨʸʰ ʬ˅ʭʬʩʰʹʨʪʨʴ ʫʨ ʹʸʻʲ ˂ʵʫʴʨʹ ʼʲʵʩʹ ʿʭʬʲʨʼʸʰʹ
ˀʬʹʨˆʬʩ, ʸʨ˂ ʺʸʨʴʹ˂ʬʴʫʬʴ˂ʰʨʹ ʬˆʬʩʨ. ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ ˂ʴʵʩʰʬʸ
ʶʰʸʵʭʴʬʩʨʹ ʩʵʲʵʳʫʬ ʬʹʳʰʹ, ʸʵʳ ʱʸʰˀʴʨˀʰ ʬʸʯʰʨʴʫʬʩʨ
ʰʪʰʭʬʵʩʨ˂ ʫʨ ʰʴʫʰʭʰʫʻʨʲʵʩʨ˂ ʫʨ ʨʹʬʯʰ ʺʸʨʴʹ˂ʬʴʫʬʴʺʻʸʰ
˂ʵʫʴʰʯ ʨʾ˅ʬʸʭʰʲʹ ˀʬʻ˃ʲʰʨ ˄ʨʸʳʨʺʬʩʰʯ ʰʨʸʵʹ
ʪʨʴʯʨʭʰʹʻʼʲʬʩʰʹ ʪʮʨʮʬ.
ʲʬʽʹʰ 18
ʯʨʭʳʫʨʩʨʲ ʩʸ˃ʬʴʹ ˅ʬˀʳʨʸʰʺʰ ˂ʵʫʴʰʹ ˄ʿʨʲʵʩʰʯ ʬʸʯʴʨʰʸʨʫ
ʻˁʴʹ ʹ˄ʨʭʲʻʲʰ ʫʨ ʱʬʯʰʲˀʵʩʰʲʰ ʩʸʨˈʳʨʴʰ, ˃ʸʵˆʨ, ʹʶʰʲʵ,
˃ʨʾʲʰ ʫʨ ˃ʨʾʲʰʹʳ˅ʨʳʬʲʰ˂ ʱʰ.
ˀʰʴʨ-ʨʸʹʰ. ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ ˂ʴʵʩʰʬʸʰ ʶʰʸʵʭʴʬʩʰʹʨʯʭʰʹ ʨʸ ʨʸʹʬʩʵʩʹ
ʪʨʴʹˆʭʨʭʬʩʨ ʹʨˆʬʵʩʬʩʹʨ ʫʨ ʱʨʹʺʬʩʹ ˀʵʸʰʹ. ʩʸʨˈʳʨʴʰ ʫʨ
˃ʨʾʲʰʹʳ˅ʨʳʬʲʰ (ʻʱʨʹʺʵ) ˀʬʰ˃ʲʬʩʨ ʪʨʴʹˆʭʨʭʫʬʩʵʫʴʬʴ

17

Tavi mexuTe – karma-ioga anu kriSnas cnobierebaSi moqmedebis ioga

ʹʨʮʵʪʨʫʵʬʩʸʰʭʨʫ, ʨʴ ˃ʨʾʲʰ, ˃ʸʵˆʨ ʫʨ ʹʶʰʲʵ – ʹʨˆʬʵʩʨʯʨ
ʯʭʨʲʹʨʮʸʰʹʰʯ, ʳʨʪʸʨʳ ʩʸ˃ʬʴʱʨ˂ʰʹ ʯʭʨʲˀʰ ʹˆʬʻʲʰʹ ʨʹʬʯ
ʪʨʴʹˆʭʨʭʬʩʨʹ ʨʮʸʰ ʨʸ ʨʽʭʹ, ʸʨʫʪʨʴ ʻʮʬʴʨʬʹʯʨʴ ʿʭʬʲʨʨ
ʫʨʱʨʭˀʰʸʬʩʻʲʰ; ʻʮʬʴʨʬʹʰ ʻʼʨʲʰ ʯʨʭʰʹʰ ʹʸʻʲʰ
ʪʨʳʵʭʲʰʴʬʩʰʯ, ʶʨʸʨʳʨʺʳʨʹ, ʹʨˆʰʯ, ʿʭʬʲʨʹ ʪʻʲˀʰ ʰʳʿʵʼʬʩʨ.
ʻʮʬʴʨʬʹʰʹ ˀʬʹʨˆʬʩ ʨʹʬʯʰ ˂ʵʫʴʨ ˅ʬˀʳʨʸʰʺʰ ˂ʵʫʴʨʨ.
ʸʨ˂ ˀʬʬˆʬʩʨ ʹˆʭʨʫʨʹˆʭʨ ʱʨʹʺʬʩʰʹ ʨʴ ʹʰ˂ʵ˂ˆʲʰʹ ʹˆʭʨʫʨʹˆʭʨ
ʹʨˆʬʵʩʨʯʨ ʹˆʬʻʲʬʩʹ, ʻʼʨʲʰ ʳʨʯ ʳʰʳʨʸʯ ʬʸʯʴʨʰʸʨʫ ʱʬʯʰʲʰʨ,
ʿʵʭʬʲ ˂ʵ˂ˆʨʲ ʨʸʹʬʩʨʹ ʳʬʪʵʩʨʸʰʭʰʯ ʬʶʿʸʵʩʨ ʫʨ ʸˁʬʩʨ
ʶʨʸʨʳʨʺʳʨʫ ʿʭʬʲʨʹ ʪʻʲˀʰ. ʰʪʰ ʶʨʸʨʳʨʺʳʨʹ ʹʨˆʰʯ ʰʳʿʵʼʬʩʨ
ʻʱʨʹʺʵˀʰ˂ ʫʨ ʩʸʨˈʳʨʴʰʹ ʪʻʲˀʰ˂, ʯʻʳ˂ʨ ʳʨʯʰ ʹˆʬʻʲʬʩʰ ʬʸʯʰ
ʫʨ ʰʪʰʭʬ ʨʸ ʨʸʰʹ. ʹˆʬʻʲʬʩʰ ʳʨʺʬʸʰʨʲʻʸʰ ʩʻʴʬʩʰʹ ʹˆʭʨʫʨʹˆʭʨ
ʳʵʫʻʹʰʹ ʴʰʭʯʰʬʸʰ ˀʬʴʨʽʳʴʰʨ. ʹˆʬʻʲˀʰ ʳʿʵʼ ʹʻʲʹʨ ʫʨ
ʮʬʹʻʲʹ ʬʸʯʰ ʫʨ ʰʪʰʭʬ ʹʻʲʰʬʸʰ ʯʭʰʹʵʩʸʰʵʩʨ ʨʽʭʯ, ʳʨʪʸʨʳ ʬʹ
ʳʹʪʨʭʹʬʩʨ ʬʸʯ ʫʵʴʬʮʬ ʨʸ ʨʿʬʴʬʩʹ ʳʨʯ, ʭʰʴʨʰʫʨʴ
ʰʴʫʰʭʰʫʻʨʲʻʸʰ ʹʻʲʰ ʳˆʵʲʵʫ ʨʳ ʱʵʴʱʸʬʺʻʲ ʹˆʬʻʲˀʰ
ʰʳʿʵʼʬʩʨ, ʶʨʸʨʳʨʺʳʨ ʱʰ ʿʵʭʬʲ ʹˆʬʻʲˀʰʨ ʫʨʭʨʴʬʩʻʲʰ. ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ
˂ʴʵʩʰʬʸ ʶʰʸʵʭʴʬʩʨʹ ʹʸʻʲʨʫ ʨʽʭʹ ʪʨʨʮʸʬʩʻʲʰ ʬʹ ˅ʬˀʳʨʸʰʺʬʩʨ.
ʹʻʲʰʹʨ ʫʨ ʮʬʹʻʲʰʹ ʳʹʪʨʭʹʬʩʨ ʳʫʪʵʳʨʸʬʵʩʹ ʰʳʨˀʰ, ʸ ʵʳ ʵʸʰʭʬ
˂ʴʵʩʰʬʸʰ, ʳʨʸʨʫʰʻʲʰ ʫʨ ʴʬʺʨʸʰʨ. ʳʨʪʸʨʳ ʪʨʴʹˆʭʨʭʬʩʨ ʰʹʨʨ,
ʸʵʳ ʰʴʫʰʭʰʫʻʨʲʻʸʰ ʹʻʲʰ ʳʰʳʵʰʽ˂ʬʭʨ ʳˆʵʲʵʫ ʹˆʬʻʲʰʹ
ˀʬʮʾʻʫʻʲ ʨʸʬˀʰ, ʮʬʹʻʲʰ ʱʰ – ʳʯʬʲ ʱʵʹʳʰʻʸ
ʪʨʴʼʬʴʰʲʵʩʨˀʰʨ.
ʲʬʽʹʰ 19
ʭʰʹʰ ˂ʴʵʩʰʬʸʬʩʨ˂ ʪʨʴʳʺʱʰ˂ʬʩʻʲʰʨ, ʭʰʹʰ ˅ʱʻʨ˂
˄ʵʴʨʹ˄ʵʸʵʩʨˀʰʨ ʿʵʭʬʲʰʭʬ ʻʼʲʰʹʳʰʬʸʯʨʴ, ʻʱʭʬ ʮʬʰʳʵʩʹ
ʪʨʳʨʸˇʭʬʩʨʹ ʫʨʩʨʫʬʩʨʹʨ ʫʨ ʹʰʱʭʫʰʲʮʬ; ʨʹʬʯʬʩʰ ʩʸʨˈʳʨʴʰʭʰʯ
ʻʴʨʱʲʵʴʰ ʨʸʰʨʴ ʫʨ ʻʱʭʬ ˀʬʸʯʭʰʨʴ ʩʸʨˈʳʨʴʹ.
ˀʰʴʨ-ʨʸʹʰ. ʸʵʪʵʸ˂ ʨʾʰʴʰˀʴʨ, ˂ʴʵʩʰʬʸʬʩʰʹ ˄ʵʴʨʹ˄ʵʸʵʩʨ
ʯʭʰʯˀʬ˂ʴʵʩʰʹ ʳʨˁʭʬʴʬʩʬʲʰʨ. ʻʴʫʨ ˁʨʰʯʭʨʲʵʹ, ʸʵʳ ʳʨʯ, ʭʰʴ˂
ʳʨʸʯʲʨ˂ ʳʰʨʾ˄ʰʬʹ ʨʹʬʯ ʹʺʨʫʰʨʹ, ʪʨʰʳʨʸˇʭʬʹ
ʳʨʺʬʸʰʨʲʻʸʵʩʨʮʬ, ʱʬʸ˃ʵʫ ʫʨʩʨʫʬʩʨʹʨ ʫʨ ʹʰʱʭʫʰʲʮʬ. ʹʨʴʨʳ

18

Tavi mexuTe – karma-ioga anu kriSnas cnobierebaSi moqmedebis ioga

˂ʵ˂ˆʨʲʰ ʨʸʹʬʩʨ ʹʨʱʻʯʨʸ ʯʨʭʹ ʰʳ ʹˆʬʻʲʯʨʴ ʨʰʪʰʭʬʩʹ,
ʸʵʳʬʲˀʰ˂ ʯʨʭʨʫ ʨʸʰʹ ʳʵʽ˂ʬʻʲʰ, ʪʨʴʶʰʸʵʩʬʩʻʲ ʹʻʲʨʫ
ʰʯʭʲʬʩʨ. ʳʨʪʸʨʳ ʸʵʫʬʹʨ˂ ʯʨʭʰʹʰ ʳʬʵʩʰʹ ˀʬ˂ʴʵʩʰʹ ʪʮʰʯ
˄ʵʴʨʹ˄ʵʸʵʩʰʹ ʹʺʨʫʰʨʳʫʬ ʳʨʾʲʫʬʩʨ, ʯʨʭʰʹʻʼʲʫʬʩʨ ʨʹʬʯʰ
ʸ˄ʳʬʴʰʹʨʪʨʴ ʫʨ ʳʨʺʬʸʰʨʲʻʸ ʹʨʳʿʨʸʵˀʰ ʫʨʩʨʫʬʩʨ ʨʾʨʸ ʻ˄ʬʸʰʨ,
ʪʨʸʫʨ˂ʭʨʲʬʩʰʹ ˀʬʳʫʬʪ ˀʬʻ˃ʲʰʨ ʮʬ˂ʰʻʸ ʹʨʳʿʵʼʬʲˀʰ
ʫʨʳʱʭʰʫʸʬʩʨ. ʻʼʨʲʰ ʻʴʨʱʲʵʨ ʫʨ ʹ˄ʵʸʬʫ ʨʹʬʭʬ, ʸʵ˂ʨ
˂ʵ˂ˆʨʲʰ ʨʸʹʬʩʨ ʨʾ˄ʬʭʹ ʻʴʨʱʲʵʩʨʹ – ʱʨʸʪʨʭʹ ˆʰʩʲʰʹ ʫʨ
ʮʰʮʾʰʹ ʨʴ ʹˆʭʨ ʵʸʳʨʪʰ ˀʬʪʸ˃ʴʬʩʰʹ ʻʴʨʸʹ, ʹʻʲʰʬʸ ʮʬ˂ʨˀʰ
ˀʬʾ˄ʬʭʰʹ ʾʰʸʹʰ ˆʫʬʩʨ. ʨʹʬʯʰ ʶʰʸʵʭʴʬʩʨ ʻʱʭʬ ʬ˄ʰʨ
ʯʨʭʰʹʻʼʲʬʩʰʹ ʱʻʸʯˆʬʭʨʹ. ʬʹ ʿʵʭʬʲʰʭʬ ˀʬʳʫʬʪ ʲʬʽʹˀʰ ʰʽʴʬʩʨ
ʨʾ˄ʬʸʰʲʰ.
ʲʬʽʹʰ 20
ʶʰʸʵʭʴʬʩʨ, ʸʵʳʬʲʹʨ˂ ʨʸ˂ ʹʰʨʳʵʭʴʬʩʨ ʻˆʨʸʰʨ ʫʨ ʨʸ˂
ʻʹʰʨʳʵʭʴʬʩʨʹ ʪʲʵʭʵʩʹ, ʭʰʹʨ˂ ʻʳʬ˂ʸʬʩʨ ʪʨʴʻʪʫʰʨ ʫʨ ʹʨʱʻʯʨʸ
ʪʻʲˀʰ ʪʨʴʻʳʺʱʰ˂ʬʩʰʨ ʹʰʩʸ˃ʴʬ ʻʼʲʰʹʨ – ʨʴʻ
ʯʭʰʯʪʵʴʰʬʸʬʩʰʹʨʯʭʰʹ ʳʰʻʾ˄ʬʭʰʨ, ʻʱʭʬ ʹʻʲʰʬʸʬʩʰʹ
ʹʨʻʼʲʵʨˀʰ.
ˀʰʴʨ-ʨʸʹʰ. ʨʽ ˁʨʳʵʯʭʲʰʲʰʨ ʹʨʱʻʯʨʸʰ ʯʨʭʰʹ ˀʬʳ˂ʴʵʩʰ
ʶʰʸʵʭʴʬʩʰʹ ʴʰˀʴʬʩʰ. ʶʰʸʭʬʲʰ ʴʰˀʨʴʰ ʰʹ ʨʸʰʹ, ʸʵʳ ʰʪʰ ʹʨʱʻʯʨʸ
˅ʬˀʳʨʸʰʺ ʳʬʵʩʨʹ ʹˆʬʻʲʯʨʴ ʨʰʪʰʭʬʩʹ ʫʨ ʳʰʹ ʪʨʳʵ ˂ʸʻ
ʰʲʻʮʰʨˀʰ ʨʸ ʬʽ˂ʬʭʨ. ʳʨʴ ʳˀʭʬʴʰʭʸʨʫ ʰ˂ʰʹ, ʸʵʳ ʰʪʰ ʬʹ ʹˆʬʻʲʰ
ʱʰ ʨʸʨ, ʻʮʬʴʨʬʹʰ ʾʳʸʯʨʬʩʸʰʭʰ ʶʰʸʵʭʴʬʩʨ ʰʹ ʬʸʯʰ ʴʨ˄ʰʲʰʨ.
ʨʳʰʺʵʳ ʨʸ ʻˆʨʸʰʨ ʨʸ˂ ʨʳ ʹˆʬʻʲʰʹ ʶʨʺʸʵʴʵʩʨ ʫʨ ʨʸ˂ ʳʰʹ
ʫʨʱʨʸʪʭʨʮʬ ʪʲʵʭʵʩʹ, ʸʨ˂ ʳʰʹ ʹˆʬʻʲʯʨʴ ʨʸʰʹ ʫʨʱʨʭˀʰʸʬʩʻʲʰ.
˂ʴʵʩʰʬʸʬʩʰʹ ʨʳ ʹʰʳʺʱʰ˂ʬʹ ʹʯˈʰʸʨ-ʩʻʫˈʰ, ʨʴʻ ʯʭʰʯʪʵʴʰʬʸʬʩʨ
ʬ˄ʵʫʬʩʨ, ʸʨʹʨ˂ ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ ˂ʴʵʩʰʬʸʬʩʨʹʯʨʴ ʳʰʨˆʲʵʬʩʨ ˈʽʭʰʨ.
ʲʬʽʹʰ 21
ʨʹʬʯ ʪʨʴʯʨʭʰʹʻʼʲʬʩʻʲ ʶʰʸʵʭʴʬʩʨʹ ʪʻʲʰ ʨʸ ʳʰʻ˄ʬʭʹ
ˆʵʸ˂ʰʬʲʰ ʹʰʨʳʵʭʴʬʩʰʹʨʱʬʴ; ʳʻʫʨʳ ʪʨʸʰʴʫʬʩʨˀʰ ʳʿʵʼʰ,
ʪʨʴ˂ˆʸʵʳʨʹ ʯʨʭʰʹ ʯʨʭˀʰ ˁʨʾʸʳʨʭʬʩʰʯ ʶʵʻʲʵʩʹ. ʨʳʸʰʪʨʫ,

19

Tavi mexuTe – karma-ioga anu kriSnas cnobierebaSi moqmedebis ioga

ʯʭʰʯʸʬʨʲʰʮʬʩʻʲʰ ʶʰʸʵʭʴʬʩʨ ʻʹʨʮʾʭʸʵ ʩʬʫʴʰʬʸʬʩʰʯ
ʺʱʩʬʩʨ, ʭʰʴʨʰʫʨʴ ʳʯʬʲʰ ʪʻʲʰʹʿʻʸʰʯ ʻʮʬʴʨʬʹʮʬʨ ʳʰʽ˂ʬʻʲʰ.
ˀʰʴʨ-ʨʸʹʰ. ˀʸʰ ʰʨʳʻʴʨˁʨʸʰʨ, ʫʰʨʫʰ ʬʸʯʪʻʲʰ ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ
˂ʴʵʩʰʬʸʬʩʰʹʨ, ʨʳʩʵʩʫʨ:
“ʳʨʹ ʳʬʸʬ, ʸʨ˂ ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ ʺʸʨʴʹ˂ʬʴʫʬʴʺʻʸ ʹʨʹʰʿʭʨʸʻʲʵ
ʹʨʳʹʨˆʻʸʹ ʭʨʫʪʬʭʨʸ, ʳʨʹˀʰ ʳʨʸʨʫ ʨˆʨʲ ʫʨ ʨˆʨʲ ʹʰʨʳʵʭʴʬʩʨʹ
ʭʶʵʭʬʩ ʫʨ ʹʽʬʹʵʩʸʰʭ ʹʰʨʳʵʭʴʬʩʨʮʬ ʪʨʼʰʽʸʬʩʰʹʨʹ ʭʰʼʻʸʯˆʬʩʰ,
ʺʻˁʬʩʰ ʮʰʮʾʰʹʪʨʴ ʳʬʩʸʰ˂ʬʩʨ.” ʩʸʨˈʳʨ-ʰʵʴʨˀʰ, ʨʴʻ ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ
˂ʴʵʩʰʬʸʬʩʨˀʰ ʳʿʵʼʰ ʶʰʸʵʭʴʬʩʨ ʰʳʫʬʴʨʫʨʨ ʫʨʴʯʽʳʻʲʰ ʰʵʪʨˀʰ,
ʨʴʻ ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ ˂ʴʵʩʰʬʸʬʩʨˀʰ, ʸʵʳ ˆʵʸ˂ʰʬʲ ʪʸ˃ʴʵʩʨʯʨ
ʹʰʨʳʵʭʴʬʩʰʹ ˄ʨʫʰʲʹ ʹʨʬʸʯʵʫ ʱʨʸʪʨʭʹ. ʱʨ˂ʯʨ ʳʵʫʪʳʨʹ
ʻʳʨʾʲʬʹ ʹʰʨʳʵʭʴʬʩʨʫ ʹʽʬʹʵʩʸʰʭʰ ʹʰʨʳʵʭʴʬʩʨ ʳʰʨˁʴʰʨ. ʳʯʬʲʰ
ʹʨʳʿʨʸʵ ʳʰʹʰ ˆʰʩʲʰʹ ʪʨʸˀʬʳʵ ʺʸʰʨʲʬʩʹ ʫʨ ʳʨʺʬʸʰʨʲʰʹʺʹ
ʨʹʬʯʰ ʪʨʴ˂ʫʰʹ ʪʨʸʬˀʬ ʹʨʬʸʯʵʫ ʨʸ ˀʬʻ˃ʲʰʨ ʸ ʨʳʬʹ ʪʨʱʬʯʬʩʨ.
ʳʨʪʸʨʳ ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ ˂ʴʵʩʰʬʸʬʩʰʯ ʱʻʸʯˆʬʻʲ ʶʰʸʵʭʴʬʩʨʹ ʻʼʸʵ
ʳʬʺʰ ˃ʨʲʰʯ ˀʬʻ˃ʲʰʨ ˀʬʬ˅ʰʫʵʹ ʳʵʽʳʬʫʬʩʨʹʨ˂ ʫʨ
ʳʵʾʭʨ˄ʬʵʩʨʹʨ˂; ʹʻʲʰʬʸʰ ʸʬʨʲʰʮʨ˂ʰʨ ʫʨ ʹʽʬʹʵʩʸʰʭʰ
ʹʰʨʳʵʭʴʬʩʨ ʪʨʳʵʸʰ˂ˆʨʭʹ ʬʸʯʳʨʴʬʯʹ. ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ ˂ʴʵʩʰʬʸ
ʶʰʸʵʭʴʬʩʨʹ ʨʸ ʰʮʰʫʨʭʹ ʨʸʨʭʰʯʨʸʰ ˆʵʸ˂ʰʬʲʰ ʺʱʩʵʩʨ,
ʭʰʴʨʰʫʨʴ ʰʪʰ ʳʰ˄ʰʬʸʬʩʰʹʨʪʨʴ ʻʱʭʬ ʪʨʴʯʨʭʰʹʻʼʲʬʩʻʲʰ ʹʻʲʰʨ.
ʲʬʽʹʰ 22
ʪʵʴʰʬʸʰ ʶʰʸʵʭʴʬʩʨ ʨʸ˂ ʬ˃ʰʬʩʹ ʰʳ ʺʨʴˇʭʰʹ ʳʰʮʬʮʬʩʹ, ʸʨ˂
ˆʵʸ˂ʰʬʲ ʪʸ˃ʴʵʩʨʯʨ ʻʸʯʰʬʸʯʵʩʨʹ ʨˆʲʨʭʹ. ʵ, ʱʻʴʺʰʹ ˀʭʰʲʵ,
ʳʰ˄ʰʬʸ ʹʰʨʳʵʭʴʬʩʨʹ ʨʽʭʹ ʫʨʹʨ˄ʿʰʹʰ ʫʨ ʫʨʹʨʹʸʻʲʰ, ʩʸ˃ʬʴʱʨ˂ʰ
ʳʨʯʪʨʴ ʪʨʴʫʪʵʳʨʹ ʨʸˁʬʭʹ.
ˀʰʴʨ-ʨʸʹʰ. ˆʵʸ˂ʰʬʲʰ ʺʱʩʵʩʨ ʪʨʳʵ˄ʭʬʻʲʰ ʪʸ˃ʴʵʩʨʯʨ ˀʬˆʬʩʰʯ,
ʸʵʳʬʲʯʨʪʨʴ ʿʭʬʲʨ ˄ʨʸʳʨʭʨʲʰʨ, ʭʰʴʨʰʫʨʴ ʳʨʯʰ ʳˀʵʩʬʲʰ
ʹˆʬʻʲʰ˂ ˄ʨʸʳʨʭʨʲʰʨ. ʪʨʴʯʨʭʰʹʻʼʲʬʩʻʲ ʹʻʲʹ ʳʨʸʨʫʰʻʲʰ
ʨʰʴʺʬʸʬʹʬʩʹ. ʺʸʨʴʹ˂ʬʴʫʬʴʺʻʸ ʹʰʨʳʵʭʴʬʩʨʹ ʴʨʮʰʨʸʬʩʹ ʭʬʸʨʭʰʴ
ʫʨʰʯʨʴˆʳʬʩʹ, ˂ʸʻ ʺʱʩʵʩʨ ʳʵʰ˄ʨʫʰʴʵʹ. “ʶʨʫʳʨ ʶʻʸʨʴʨˀʰ”
ʴʨʯʽʭʨʳʰʨ:

20

Tavi mexuTe – karma-ioga anu kriSnas cnobierebaSi moqmedebis ioga

“ʳʰʹʺʰʱʵʹʬʩʰ ʻʹʨʮʾʭʸʵ ʺʸʨʴʹ˂ʬʴʫʬʴʺʻʸ ʹʰʨʳʵʭʴʬʩʨʹ
ʾʬʩʻʲʵʩʬʴ ʨʩʹʵʲʻʺʻʸ ˅ʬˀʳʨʸʰʺʬʩʨʹʯʨʴ ˀʬˆʬʩʰʯ. ʨʳʰʺʵʳ
ʻʳʨʾʲʬʹ ʨʩʹʵʲʻʺʻʸ ˅ʬˀʳʨʸʰʺʬʩʨʹ, ʾʳʸʯʨʬʩʸʰʭ ʶʰʸʵʭʴʬʩʨʹ
ˈʽʭʰʨ ʸʨʳʨ˂.”
“ˀʸʰʳʨʫ-ʩˈʨʪʨʭʨʺʨʳˀʰ” (5.5.1) ʴʨʯʽʭʨʳʰʨ:
“ˁʬʳʵ ˃ʭʰʸʼʨʹʵ ʨʸˇʻʴʨ, ʨʫʨʳʰʨʴʰʹ ʹʰ˂ʵ˂ˆʲʰʹ ʨʳ ʼʵʸʳʨˀʰ
ʨʮʸʰ ʨʸ ʨʽʭʹ ʪʸ˃ʴʵʩʨʯʨ ʹʰʨʳʵʭʴʬʩʰʹʯʭʰʹ ʳ˃ʰʳʬ ˀʸʵʳʨʹ; ʨʹʬʯʰ
ʸʨʳʰʹ ʪʨʴ˂ʫʨ ʪʨʴʨʭʲʰʹ ʳ˅ʨʳʬʲʯʨʯʭʰʹʨ˂ (ʾʵʸʬʩʰʹʯʭʰʹʨ˂)
ʳʰʹʨ˄ʭʫʵʳʰʨ. ʶʰʸʰʽʰʯ, ʨʳ ˂ˆʵʭʸʬʩʨˀʰ ʬʶʰʯʰʳʰʬʩʰ ʻʴʫʨ
ʪʨʭʰʨʸʵʯ, ʸʨ˂ ʯʽʭʬʴʹ ʿʵʼʰʬʸʬʩʨʹ ʪʨʴ˄ʳʬʴʫʹ ʫʨ ʨʳʰʹ ˀʬʫʬʪʨʫ
ˀʬ˃ʲʬʩʯ ʻʹʨʮʾʭʸʵ ʺʸʨʴʹ˂ʬʴʫʬʴʺʻʸʰ ʴʬʺʨʸʬʩʰʯ
ʪʨʴ˂ˆʸʵʳʨʹ.”
ʨʳʰʺʵʳ ˅ʬˀʳʨʸʰʺ ʰʵʪʬʩʹ ʨʴ ʹ˄ʨʭʲʻʲ ʺʸʨʴʹ˂ʬʴʫʬʴʺʨʲʰʹʺʬʩʹ
ʨʸ ʰʮʰʫʨʭʯ ʪʸ˃ʴʵʩʰʯʰ ʹʰʨʳʵʭʴʬʩʨʴʰ, ʸʨ˂ ʹˆʬʻʲʰʫʨʴ
ʹˆʬʻʲˀʰ ʪʨʴʻ˄ʿʭʬʺʬʲʰ ʳʰ˄ʰʬʸʰ ʨʸʹʬʩʵʩʰʹ ʳʰʮʬʮʰʨ. ʸʨ˂
ʻʼʸʵ ʬʳʵʴʬʩʨ ʱʨ˂ʰ ˆʵʸ˂ʰʬʲ ʹʨ˂ʯʻʸʹ, ʳʰʯ ʻʼʸʵ ʳʬʺʨʫ
ʬʽ˂ʬʭʨ ʳʨʺʬʸʰʨʲʻʸʰ ʪʨ˅ʰʸʭʬʩʰʹ ˆʨʼʨʴʪˀʰ.
ʲʬʽʹʰ 23
ʯʻ ʨʫʨʳʰʨʴʰ ʨˆʲʨʴʫʬʲʰ ʹˆʬʻʲʰʹ ʳʰʺʵʭʬʩʨʳʫʬ ˆʵʸ˂ʰʹʳʰʬʸʰ
˄ʨʫʰʲʹ ʳʵʰʯʳʬʴʹ, ʪʨʴ˂ʫʬʩʰʹʨ ʫʨ ʳʸʰʹˆʨʴʬʩʰʹ ˀʬʱʨʭʬʩʨʹ
ˀʬ˃ʲʬʩʹ, ʩʬʫʴʰʬʸʬʩʨʹ ˈʶʵʭʬʩʹ ʨʳʽʭʬʿʴʨʫʭʬ.
ˀʰʴʨ-ʨʸʹʰ. ʯʭʰʯˀʬ˂ʴʵʩʰʹ ʪʮʨʮʬ ʭʰʹʨ˂ ʴʨʳʫʭʰʲʰ ˄ʨʸʳʨʺʬʩʨ
ʪʨʴʻʮʸʨˆʨʭʹ, ʪʸ˃ʴʵʩʨʯʨ ʳʵʯʵʱʭʨ ʻʴʫʨ ˀʬ˃ʲʵʹ. ʱʨ˂ʰʹ
ʵʸʪʨʴʰʮʳˀʰ ʨʸʰʹ ʲʨʶʨʸʨʱʰʹ, ʳʸʰʹˆʨʴʬʩʰʹ, ˅ʱʻʰʹ, ʱʻ˅ʰʹ,
ʹʨʹʽʬʹʵ ʵʸʪʨʴʵʯʨ ʫʨ ʬʴʰʹ ˃ʨʲʬʩʰ. ʳʨʹ, ʭʰʹʨ˂ ʨʳ ˃ʨʲʬʩʰʹ ʳʨʸʯʭʨ
ˀʬʻ˃ʲʰʨ, ʪʵʹʭʨʳʰ (ʹʭʨʳʰ) ˈʽʭʰʨ. ʨʹʬʯʰ ʪʵʹʭʨʳʬʩʰ ʳʱʨ˂ʸʨʫ
ʳʵ˄ʬʹʸʰʪʬʩʻʲ ˂ˆʵʭʸʬʩʨʹ ʬ˄ʬʭʰʨʴ ʫʨ ʨʾʴʰˀʴʻʲ ˃ʨʲʬʩʹ ʯʨʭʰʹ
ʴʬʩʨʹ ʻʳʵʸˁʰʲʬʩʬʴ, ʪʸ˃ʴʵʩʬʩʮʬ ʱʰ ʹʨʬʸʯʵʫ ʨʳʩʵʩʬʴ ʻʨʸʹ.
ʸʵ˂ʨ ʱʨ˂ʯʨ ʹʻʸʭʰʲʬʩʰ ʫʨʻʱʳʨʿʵʼʰʲʬʩʲʵʩʰʹ ʪʨʳʵ ʩʵʸʪʨʭʹ,
ˁʴʫʬʩʨ ʳʸʰʹˆʨʴʬʩʨ, ʸʵʳʬʲʰ˂ ʨʾʨʪʮʴʬʩʹ ˅ʱʻʨʹ, ʪʻʲʹ,
ʯʭʨʲʬʩʹ... ʨʳʰʺʵʳ ʳʰ˄ʰʬʸʰ ʹˆʬʻʲʰʹ ʳʰʺʵʭʬʩʨʳʫʬ ʳʨʯʰ
ʳʨʸʯʭʰʹ ˄ʭʸʯʴʨ ʻʴʫʨ ʪʨʰʨʸʵʹ ʳʨʴ, ʭʰʹʨ˂ ʹʨʱʻʯʨʸʰ ʯʨʭʰʹ

21

Tavi mexuTe – karma-ioga anu kriSnas cnobierebaSi moqmedebis ioga

ˀʬ˂ʴʵʩʨ ʻʴʫʨ. ʯʻ ʨʳʨʹ ʳʰʨʾ˄ʬʭʹ, ʰʪʰ ʴʬʺʨʸʬʩʨʹ ʨʽʭʬ,
ʳʨʺʬʸʰʨʲʻʸ ʹʨʳʿʵʼʬʲˀʰ, ˈʶʵʭʬʩʹ.
ʺʸʨʴʹ˂ʬʴʫʬʴʺʨʲʰʹʺʰʹ ʭʨʲʰʨ, ʳʯʬʲʰ ʳʵʴʫʵʳʬʩʰʯʨ ʫʨ
˃ʨʲʬʩʰʹ ʳʵʱʸʬʩʰʯ ˁʨʱʲʨʹ ʳʰ˄ʰʬʸʰ ʹʻʸʭʰʲʬʩʰ ʹʨʱʻʯʨʸ ʯʨʭˀʰ
ʫʨ ʳʨʸʯʵʹ ʿʭʬʲʨ ʹˆʬʻʲʰʹʳʰʬʸʰ ˃ʨʲʨ.
ʲʬʽʹʰ 24
ʰʹ, ʭʰʴ˂ ˀʰʴʨʪʨʴʰ ʩʬʫʴʰʬʸʬʩʰʯʨʨ ʪʨ˂ʰʹʱʸʵʭʴʬʩʻʲʰ, ʭʰʴ˂
ʰʾ˄ʭʰʹ, ʹʨʱʻʯʨʸ ʯʨʭˀʰ ˁʨ˃ʰʸʻʲʰ ʺʱʩʬʩʨ ʫʨ ʭʰʹʰ ʳʰʮʨʴʰ˂
ʹʨʱʻʯʨʸ ʪʻʲˀʰ ʮʬʹʻʲʯʨʴ ˁʨʩʸʻʴʬʩʨʨ, ˅ʬˀʳʨʸʰʺʨʫ
ʹʸʻʲʿʵʼʰʲʰ ʳʰʹʺʰʱʵʹʰʨ. ʰʪʰ ʻʮʬʴʨʬʹʰʹ ʱʻʸʯˆʬʭʰʯ
ʪʨʴʯʨʭʰʹʻʼʲʬʩʻʲʰ ʹʻʲʰʨ ʫʨ ʹʨʳʻʫʨʳʵʫ ʳʰʹ ʹʨʳʿʵʼʬʲˀʰ
ʰʫʬʩʹ ʩʰʴʨʹ.
ˀʰʴʨ-ʨʸʹʰ. ʯʻ ʨʫʨʳʰʨʴʹ ʨʸ ˀʬʻ˃ʲʰʨ ʩʬʫʴʰʬʸʬʩʰʯ ˀʰʴʨʪʨʴʨʫ
ʺʱʩʵʩʨ, ʸʵʪʵʸ ʪʨʴʻʫʪʬʩʨ ʪʨʸʬʪʴʻʲ ʹʨʽʳʰʨʴʵʩʬʩʹ –
ʪʨʸʬʪʴʻʲʰ, ʮʬʫʨʶʰʸʻʲʰ ʩʬʫʴʰʬʸʬʩʰʹ ʳʵʳʺʨʴʯ?!
ʪʨʴʯʨʭʰʹʻʼʲʬʩʻʲ ʶʰʸʵʭʴʬʩʨʹ ʴʬʺʨʸʬʩʨˀʰ ˁʨ˃ʰʸʭʨ ʴʬʩʰʹʳʰʬʸ
ʫʸʵʹ ˀʬʻ˃ʲʰʨ, ʵʾʵʴʫ ʴʬʩʰʹʳʰʬʸ ʨʫʪʰʲʮʬ ʪʨʿʻˁʬʩʻʲʰ
ʫʨˇʫʬʹ, ʪʨʰʸʰʴʫʵʹ, ˁʨʻʾʸʳʨʭʫʬʹ ʹʨʱʻʯʨʸ ʪʻʲʹ ʫʨ ʰʪʸ˃ʴʵʩʹ
ˀʰʴʨʪʨʴʰ ʺʱʩʵʩʨ. ʨʹʬʯ ʶʰʸʵʭʴʬʩʨʹ ʻʱʭʬ ʨʾʨʸ ʳʰʻ˄ʬʭʹ ʪʻʲʰ
ʮʬʸʬʲʬ ʳʰ˄ʰʬʸʰ ʩʬʫʴʰʬʸʬʩʰʹʨʱʬʴ.
ʨʳ ʳʫʪʵʳʨʸʬʵʩʨʹ ʬ˄ʵʫʬʩʨ ʩʸʨˈʳʨ-ʩˈʻʺʨ, ʸʰʹʰ ʳʰʾ˄ʬʭʰʹ ˀʬʳʫʬʪ
ʨʫʨʳʰʨʴʹ ʬʴʰ˅ʬʩʨ ʾʭʯʰʻʸʰ ˄ʿʨʲʵʩʨ ˀʰʴ – ʶʰʸʭʬʲʹʨʳʿʵʼʬʲˀʰ –
ʫʨʩʸʻʴʬʩʰʹʨ.
ʲʬʽʹʰ 25
ʭʰʴ˂ ʬ˅ʭʬʩʹ ʪʨʴʰˀʵʸʬʩʹ, ʵʸʳʨʪʵʩʬʩʮʬ ʳʨʾʲʨ ʫʨʫʪʬʩʨ, ʭʰʹʰ
˅ʱʻʨ˂ ˁʨʰʴʯʽʳʬʩʨ ʹʨʱʻʯʨʸʰ ʳʬʵʩʰʹ ˄ʰʨʾˀʰ, ʭʰʴ˂ ʳʨʸʨʫ
ʳʨˀʭʸʨʲʰʨ ʫʨ ʰʸˇʬʩʨ ʿʵʭʬʲʰ ˂ʵ˂ˆʨʲʰ ʨʸʹʬʩʰʹ ʹʨʹʰʱʬʯʵʫ,
ʭʰʴ˂ ʻʱʭʬ ʳʵʰˆʹʴʨ ˂ʵʫʭʨʯʨ ʳ˃ʰʳʬ ʻʾʬʲʰ, ʪʨʴʯʨʭʰʹʻʼʲʬʩʻʲʰ
ʳʰʬʳʨʸʯʬʩʨ ʻʮʬʴʨʬʹʰʹʨʱʬʴ.

22

Tavi mexuTe – karma-ioga anu kriSnas cnobierebaSi moqmedebis ioga

ˀʰʴʨ-ʨʸʹʰ. ʳˆʵʲʵʫ ʳʯʬʲʰ ʨʸʹʬʩʰʯ ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ ˂ʴʵʩʰʬʸʬʩʨʹ
ʳʰʴʫʵʩʰʲ ʱʨ˂ʮʬ ˀʬʰ˃ʲʬʩʨ ʰʯʽʭʨʹ, ʸʵʳ ʳʰʹʰ ʪʨʸˇʨ,
ʵʼʲʰʹʾʭʸʨ ʪʨʴʱʻʯʭʴʰʲʰʨ ʿʵʭʬʲʰ ˂ʵ˂ˆʨʲʰ ʨʸʹʬʩʰʹʨʯʭʰʹ.
ʯʻ ʨʫʨʳʰʨʴʰ ˀʬʰ˂ʴʵʩʹ ˅ʬˀʳʨʸʰʺʬʩʨʹ, ʸʵʳ ʱʸʰˀʴʨ ʿʭʬʲʨʼʸʰʹʨ
ʫʨ ʿʭʬʲʨʹ ʶʰʸʭʬʲ˄ʿʨʸʵʨ, ʨʹʬʯʰ ʹʻʲʰʹʱʭʬʯʬʩʰʯ, ʻˀʻʸʭʬʲʨʫ
ʫʨ ʳʻˆʲˁʨʻˆʸʬʲʨʫ ʰʾ˄ʭʰʹ ʹˆʭʬʩʰʹʨʯʭʰʹ.
ʱʨ˂ʵʩʸʰʵʩʰʹ ʺʨʴˇʭʨ-ʪʨʴʹʨ˂ʫʬʲʰ ʪʨʳʵ˄ʭʬʻʲʰʨ ʰʳʰʹ
ʫʨʭʰ˄ʿʬʩʰʯ, ʸʵʳ ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ ʻʳʨʾʲʬʹʰ ʪʨʴ˂ˆʸʵʳʰʹ ʪʨʴʳ˂ʫʬʲʰ,
ʿʵʭʲʰʹ ʻʮʬʴʨʬʹʰ ʳʶʿʸʵʩʬʲʰ ʫʨ ʱʬʯʰʲʰ ʳʬʪʵʩʨʸʰ ʿʵʭʬʲʯʨ.
ʨʳʰʺʵʳ ʿʭʬʲʨ ʰʹ ʽʳʬʫʬʩʨ, ʹʨʻʩʨʸʰ, ʳʨʪʨʲʰʯʰ, ʸʨ˂ ʨʫʨʳʰʨʴʯʨ
˂ʴʵʩʰʬʸʬʩʨʹ ʪʨʫʨʨ˂ʲʰʹ ʫʨʭʰ˄ʿʬʩʰʹ ʩʰʴʫʹ, ʻʳʨʾʲʬʹ
ʽʭʬʲʳʵʽʳʬʫʬʩʨʫ ʰʯʭʲʬʩʨ. ʯʻʳ˂ʨ ˀʬʻ˃ʲʬʩʬʲʰʨ ʨʹʬʯʰ
ʻʳʨʾʲʬʹʰ ˀʰʴʨʨʸʹʰʹ ʹʰʱʬʯʰʹʽʳʴʨ, ʯʻ ʨʫʨʳʰʨʴʰ ʯʨʭʨʫ
ʪʨʴʯʨʭʰʹʻʼʲʬʩʻʲʰ ʶʰʸʵʭʴʬʩʨ ʨʸ ʨʸʰʹ.
ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ ˂ʴʵʩʰʬʸʹ ʬ˅ʭʰ ʨʸ ʬʶʨʸʬʩʨ ʻʼʲʰʹ ʻʮʬʴʨʬʹʵʩʨˀʰ. ʳʰʹ
ʪʻʲʹʨ ʫʨ ˅ʱʻʨʹ ʨʸ ʾʸʾʴʰʹ ʨʸʨʭʰʯʨʸʰ ʵʸ˅ʵʼʵʩʨ, ʸʨʱʰ
ʹʸʻʲʰʨʫ ʪʨʴ˄ʳʬʴʫʰʲʰʨ ˂ʵʫʭʨʯʨʪʨʴ ʫʨ ʪʨʴʨʯʬʩʻʲʰʨ ʾʭʯʰʹ
ʹʰʿʭʨʸʻʲʰʹ ʳʩʨʫʰ ˀʻʽʰʯ.
ʭʰʴ˂ ʳˆʵʲʵʫ ʹʨʮʵʪʨʫʵʬʩʰʹ ʳʰ˄ʰʬʸ ʱʬʯʰʲʫʾʬʵʩʨʹ
ʬʳʹʨˆʻʸʬʩʨ, ʨʳʨʵʫ ʰʸˇʬʩʨ, ʸʨʫʪʨʴ ʹˆʬʻʲʰʹʨ ʫʨ ˅ʱʻʰʹ
ʫʸʵʬʩʰʯ, ʯʭʨʲʰʹʨʹʨˆʭʬʭ ˀʭʬʩʨʹ ʨʮʸʰ ʨʸʨ ʨʽʭʹ.
ʨʸʹʬʩʵʩʰʹʨʯʭʰʹ ʫʨʻʴʫʵʩʬʲʰ ʩʸ˃ʵʲʨ ʻ˄ʬʭʹ ʨʫʨʳʰʨʴʹ,
ʰʺʨʴˇʬʩʨ, ʰʾʲʬʩʨ... ʫʨ ʬʹ ʿʭʬʲʨʼʬʸʰ ʳˆʵʲʵʫ ʰʳʰʺʵʳ
ʪʨʫʨʫʰʹ ʳʰʹ ʯʨʭʮʬ, ʸʵʳ ʨʾʨʸ ʨˆʹʵʭʹ ʯʨʭʰʹʰ ʱʨʭˀʰʸʰ ʻʮʬʴʨʬʹ
ʻʼʨʲʯʨʴ.
ʸʵʪʵʸ˂ ʱʰ ʰʪʰ ʪʨʨ˂ʴʵʩʰʬʸʬʩʹ ʯʨʭʰʹ ʻʸʯʰʬʸʯʵʩʨʹ,
ʪʨʴʻʿʵʼʲʵʩʨʹ ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹʯʨʴ, ˅ʬˀʳʨʸʰʺʨʫ ʪʨʴʯʨʭʰʹʻʼʲʬʩʻʲʰ
ʹʻʲʰ ʰʽʴʬʩʨ ʳʰ˄ʰʬʸʰ ʹˆʬʻʲʰʹ ʳʰʻˆʬʫʨʭʨʫ.
ʲʬʽʹʰ 26
ʳʸʰʹˆʨʴʬʩʰʹʨ ʫʨ ʿʵʭʬʲʪʭʨʸ ˆʵʸ˂ʰʬʲ ʪʻʲʰʹʯʽʳʨʯʨ
ʫʨʳʯʸʪʻʴʭʬʲʴʰ, ʹʨʱʻʯʨʸʰ ʯʨʭʰʹ ˀʬʳ˂ʴʵʩʴʰ, ʪʸ˃ʴʵʩʨʯʨ
ʳʵʳ˄ʬʹʸʰʪʬʩʬʲʴʰ ʳʻʫʳʰʭʰ ʹʸʻʲʽʳʴʰʹʨʯʭʰʹ ʰʾ˄ʭʰʨʴ ʫʨ

23

Tavi mexuTe – karma-ioga anu kriSnas cnobierebaSi moqmedebis ioga

ʻʨˆʲʵʬʹ ʳʵʳʨʭʨʲˀʰ ʻʮʬʴʨʬʹʰʹ ˄ʿʨʲʵʩʰʯ ʪʨʴʯʨʭʰʹʻʼʲʬʩʨʹ
ʬʮʰʨʸʬʩʰʨʴ.
ˀʰʴʨ-ʨʸʹʰ. ʪʨʴ˄ʳʬʴʫʰʹ ʪʮʨʮʬ ʳʫʪʨʸ ʹʻʲʯʨʪʨʴ, ʸʵʳʲʬʩʰ˂
ʪʨʳʻʫʳʬʩʰʯ ʳʰʰʹ˄ʸʨʼʰʨʴ ʪʨʴʯʨʭʰʹʻʼʲʬʩʰʹʨʱʬʴ, ʻʶʰʸʭʬʲʬʹʰʨ
ʰʹ, ʭʰʹʨ˂ ʻˀʻʨʲʵʫ ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ ˂ʴʵʩʰʬʸʬʩʰʹ ʳʨʫʲʰ ʬʾʰʸʹʨ.
“ʩˈʨʪʨʭʨʺʨʳʰ” (4.22.39) ʨʹʬ ʨʫʨʹʺʻʸʬʩʹ ʨʳ ʼʨʽʺʹ:
“ʻʩʸʨʲʵʫ ʹ˂ʨʫʬʯ, ʯʨʿʭʨʴʰʹ˂ʬʳʨ ʳʰʨʪʵʯ ʭʨʹʻʫʬʭʨʹ – ʻʮʬʴʨʬʹ
ʾʳʸʯʨʬʩʸʰʭ ʶʰʸʵʭʴʬʩʨʹ. ʫʰʨʫ ʩʸ˃ʬʴʯʨ˂ ʱʰ ʨʸ ˃ʨʲʻ˃ʯ
ʪʸ˃ʴʵʩʨʯʨ ˅ʰʸʭʬʻʲʵʩʰʹ ʳʨʸʯʭʨ ʰʹʬ, ʸʵʪʵʸ˂ ʻʼʲʰʹ
ʲʵʺʵʹʰʹʫʨʸ ʺʬʸʼʬʩʹ ʳʰʴʫʵʩʰʯ. ʰʹʰʴʰ ʳʹʨˆʻʸʬʩʰʹ ʰʳ
ʴʬʺʨʸʬʩʨʹ ʪʨʴʰ˂ʫʰʨʴ, ʸʨ˂ ˃ʰʸˀʰʭʬ ʯˆʸʰʹ ʱʨʸʳʰʻʲ
ʹʨʽʳʰʨʴʵʩʨʯʨ ʼʬʹʭʳʨʪʨʸ ʹʻʸʭʰʲʬʩʹ.”
ˀʸʵʳʰʹ ʱʨʸʳʰʻʲʰ ˀʬʫʬʪʬʩʰʯ ʺʱʩʵʩʰʹ ʹʻʸʭʰʲʰ
ʪʨʴʶʰʸʵʩʬʩʻʲ ʹʻʲˀʰ ʰʹʬ ʾʸʳʨʫ ʨʸʰʹ ʼʬʹʭʪʨʳʫʪʨʸʰ, ʸʵʳ
ʫʰʨʫ ʩʸ˃ʬʴ-ʳʵ˃ʾʭʨʸʯʨ˂ ʱʰ ʫʰʫʰ ˃ʨʲʰʹˆʳʬʭʨ ʹ˅ʰʸʫʬʩʨʯ ʳʨʯ
ʫʨʹʨ˃ʲʬʭʨʫ, ʳʨʯʨ˂ ʻ˅ʰʸʯ ʪʸ˃ʴʵʩʨʯʨ ʳʨʸʯʭʨ.
ʰʹ ʱʰ, ʭʰʴ˂ ʳʻʫʨʳ ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ ˂ʴʵʩʰʬʸʬʩʨˀʰ ʬʸʯʪʻʲʰ ʹʨʳʹʨˆʻʸʰʯ
ʨʸʰʹ ʫʨʱʨʭʬʩʻʲʰ, ˀʬ˂ʴʵʩʰʲʰ ʨʽʭʹ ʯʨʭʰʹʰ ʶʰʸʵʭʴʻʲʰ ʨʫʪʰʲʰ
ʻʮʬʴʨʬʹʯʨʴ ʻʸʯʰʬʸʯʵʩʨˀʰ, ʨʫʭʰʲʨʫ ʬʸʬʭʨ ʯʨʭʰʹ ʪʸ˃ʴʵʩʬʩʹ
ʫʨ ʨʾ˄ʬʭʹ ʪʨʴʯʨʭʰʹʻʼʲʬʩʨʹ. ʹʸʻʲʰ ʯʭʰʯˀʬ˂ʴʵʩʰʹ ʪʨʳʵ ʰʪʰ
ʪʨʳʻʫʳʬʩʰʯ ʺʸʨʴʹˀʰʨ. ʨʰ, ʨʳʰʹ ʨˆʹʴʨ˂:
“ʳˆʵʲʵʫ ˅ʭʸʬʺʰʯ, ʹʨʱʻʯʨʸ ʪʻʲʰ ʪʨʸʰʴʫʬʩʰʯʨ ʫʨ ˀʬˆʬʩʰʯ
ʨʹʻʲʫʪʳʻʲʬʩʬʴ ʯʬʭʮʰ, ʱʻ ʫʨ ˁʰʺʰ ʯʨʭʰʨʴʯ ʴʨˀʰʬʸʯ. ʨʹʬ
ʭʨʱʬʯʬʩ ʳʬ˂, ʵ, ʶʨʫʳʨˇʨ!”
ʨʳ ˂ʰʺʨʺʰʹ ʨˆʹʴʨ ʨʹʬʯʰʨ: ʯʬʭʮʰ ʯʨʭʰʹ ʲʰʼʹʰʺʬʩʹ ʳˆʵʲʵʫ
˅ʭʸʬʺʰʯ ʮʸʫʰʹ; ʱʻ – ˄ʿʨʲˀʰ ʳʿʵʼʰ – ʹʰʲʨˀʰ ʫʨʫʬʩʻʲʰ
ʱʭʬʸ˂ˆʬʩʰʫʨʴ ʪʨʳʵˁʬʱʰʲ ʶʨʺʨʸʬʩʮʬ ʼʰʽʸʵʩʹ, ʼʰʽʸʵʩʹ... ʫʨ ʨʳ
ʼʰʽʸʰʯ ʰ˂ʨʭʹ ʳʨʯ.
ʨʹʬʭʬ, ʯʻʳ˂ʨ ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ ˂ʴʵʩʰʬʸʬʩʨˀʰ ʳʿʵʼʰ ˀʵʸʹʨʨ ʻʼʲʰʹ
ʹʨʭʨʴʰʫʨʴ, ʳʨʹ ˀʬʻ˃ʲʰʨ ʨʳʨʾʲʫʬʹ ʳʨʹʮʬ ʪʨʳʻʫʳʬʩʻʲʰ
ʼʰʽʸʰʯ, ʫʨʹʨʽʳʬʩʰʯ... ʳʨʹ ʨʾʨʸ ʨʽʭʹ ʳʰ˄ʰʬʸʰ ʪʨ˅ʰʸʭʬʩʰʯ
ʪʨʳʵ˄ʭʬʻʲʰ ʺʨʴˇʭʰʹ ˀʬʪʸ˃ʴʬʩʨ – ʹʰ˂ʵ˂ˆʲʰʹ ʨʳ ʹʨʼʬˆʻʸʹ

24

Tavi mexuTe – karma-ioga anu kriSnas cnobierebaSi moqmedebis ioga

ʩʸʨˈʳʨ-ʴʰʸʭʨʴʨ, ʨʴʻ ʻʮʬʴʨʬʹʮʬ ʼʰʽʸʬʩˀʰ ʪʨʳʻʫʳʬʩʰʯ ˁʨ˃ʰʸʭʨ
ʫʨ ʳʨʺʬʸʰʨʲʻʸʰ ʹʨʮʸʻʴʨʭʰʹʨʪʨʴ ʪʨʴʯʨʭʰʹʻʼʲʬʩʨ ʬ˄ʵʫʬʩʨ.
ʲʬʽʹʬʩʰ 27-28
ʶʰʸʵʭʴʬʩʨ, ʸʵʳʬʲʰ˂ ʳʨʸʯʨʭʹ ʪʨʸʬʪʨʴ ʪʸ˃ʴʵʩʨʯʨ ʵʩʰʬʽʺʬʩʹ,
ʹʨʱʻʯʨʸ ʯʭʨʲʯʨʳʮʬʸʨʹ ˄ʨʸʩʯʨ ˀʵʸʰʹ ʫʨʨʻʴˇʬʩʹ, ʴʬʹʺʵʬʩˀʰ
ʨʱʨʭʬʩʹ ˁʨʹʻʴʯʽʻʲ ˈʨʬʸʹ ʫʨ ʰʽ ʨʳʵʹʻʴʯʽʻʲ ˈʨʬʸʹ ʨˆʭʬʫʸʬʩʹ
– ʨʳ ʮʪʰʯ ʰʳʵʸˁʰʲʬʩʹ ˂ʴʵʩʰʬʸʬʩʨʹ, ʪʸ˃ʴʵʩʬʩʹʨ ʫʨ ʪʵʴʬʩʨʹ;
ʨʳʹˆʭʸʬʭʹ ʹʻʸʭʰʲʯʨ ʷʰʴʰʨʴʵʩʰʹ ʳʰʳʨʸʯ ˀʰˀʹ ʫʨ
ʪʻʲʰʹ˄ʿʸʵʳʰʹ ʱʰʸʯʬʩʹ – ʻʯʻʵʫ ʪʨʴʯʨʭʰʹʻʼʲʬʩʻʲʰ
ʹʻʲʰʨ.
ˀʰʴʨ-ʨʸʹʰ. ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ ˂ʴʵʩʰʬʸʬʩʨʹʯʨʴ ʹʰʨˆʲʵʭʰʯ ˂ʵ˂ˆʨʲ
ʨʸʹʬʩʨʹ ˀʬʻ˃ʲʰʨ ʻʳʨʲ ˁʨʰˆʬʫʵʹ ʹʨʱʻʯʨʸ ʹʻʲˀʰ ʫʨ ˀʬʳʫʬʪ
ʬʸʯʪʻʲʰ ʹʨʳʹʨˆʻʸʰʯ ʳʰʹ˄ʭʫʬʹ ʻʮʬʴʨʬʹʰʹ ʨʸʹʹ. ʬʸʯʪʻʲʰ
ʹʨʳʹʨˆʻʸʰʯ ʰʪʰ ʨʾ˄ʬʭʹ ʺʸʨʴʹ˂ʬʴʫʬʴʺʻʸ ʳʫʪʵʳʨʸʬʵʩʨʹ ʫʨ
ʰ˃ʬʴʹ ʹʨʱʳʨʸʰʹ ʾʰʸʹʬʩʬʩʹ ʰʳʰʹʨʯʭʰʹ, ʸʵʳ ʻʼʨʲʰ ˀʬʰ˂ʴʵʹ. ʨʳ
ʳʫʪʵʳʨʸʬʵʩʨʹ ˈʽʭʰʨ ʻʮʬʴʨʬʹʰʹʳʰʬʸʰ ʪʨʴʯʨʭʰʹʻʼʲʬʩʨ.
ʨʳʰʹ ʪʨʴʳʨʸʺʬʩʰʹ ˀʬʳʫʬʪ ʻʼʨʲʰ ʨʹ˄ʨʭʲʰʹ ʨʸˇʻʴʨʹ, ʸʵʪʵʸ
ˀʬʻ˃ʲʰʨ ʨʫʨʳʰʨʴʹ ʨʳ ʳʫʪʵʳʨʸʬʵʩʨʳʫʬ ʳʰʹʭʲʨ ʳʰʹʺʰ˂ʰʮʳʰʹ,
ʨʴʻ ʨˀʺʨʴʪʨ-ʰʵʪʨʹ ˂ʴʵʩʰʲʰ ʶʸʨʽʺʰʱʰʯ. ʰʪʰ ˀʬʫʪʬʩʨ ʸʭʨ
ʹʨʼʬˆʻʸʰʹʨʪʨʴ: ʰʨʳʨ, ʴʰʨʳʨ, ʨʹʨʴʨ, ʶʸʨʴʨʰʨʳʨ, ʶʸʨʺʰʨˈʨʸʨ, ʫˈʰʨʴʨ,
ʫˈʨʸʨʴʨ ʫʨ ʹʨʳʨʫˈʰ. ʳʬʬʽʭʹʬ ʯʨʭˀʰ ʰʵʪʨ ʫʨ˄ʭʸʰʲʬʩʰʯ ʨʸʰʹ
ʨˆʹʴʰʲʰ, ʳʬˆʻʯʬ ʯʨʭʰʹ ʫʨʹʨʹʸʻʲʹ ʱʰ ʳʰʹ ˀʬʹʨˆʬʩ ʳˆʵʲʫʵ
ʹʨ˄ʿʰʹʰ ˂ʴʵʩʬʩʰʨ ʳʵ˂ʬʳʻʲʰ.
ʰʵʪʨʹ ˄ʭʸʯʴʰʯ ˀʬʰ˃ʲʬʩʨ ʹʳʬʴʰʹ, ʪʬʳʵʹ, ˀʬˆʬʩʰʹ, ʼʬʸʰʹʨ ʫʨ
ʹʻʴʰʹ ʳʰʳʨʸʯ ʨʫʨʳʰʨʴʰ ʻʪʸ˃ʴʵʩʬʲʰ ʪʨˆʫʬʹ. ʨʳʰʹʨʯʭʰʹ
ʹʨ˅ʰʸʵʨ ʳˆʬʫʭʬʲʵʩʰʹ ˀʬʱʨʭʬʩʨ ˄ʨʸʩʬʩʹ ˀʻʨ ʫʨ ˀʬʳʫʬʪ
ʴʨˆʬʭʸʨʫ ʫʨˆʻ˅ʻʲʰ ʯʭʨʲʬʩʰʯ ʳʰʹʰ ʯʨʭʳʵʿʸʨ ˂ˆʭʰʸʰʹ
˄ʭʬʸʮʬ. ʯʭʨʲʬʩʰʹ ʳʯʲʰʨʴʨʫ ʫʨˆʻ˅ʭʨʹ ʨʮʸʰ ʨʸʨ ʨʽʭʹ, ʸʨʱʰ
ʨʸʹʬʩʵʩʹ ˁʨ˃ʰʴʬʩʰʹ ʹʨˀʰˀʸʵʬʩʨ. ʨʸ˂ ʩʵʲʵʳʫʬ ʪʨˆʬʲʨ
ʪʨʳʵʫʪʬʩʨ, ʭʰʴʨʰʫʨʴ ʱʨ˂ʹ ʯʭʨʲʰ ˀʬʰ˃ʲʬʩʨ ʪʸ˃ʴʵʩʨʯʨ
ʵʩʰʬʽʺʬʩʰʹʨʱʬʴ ʪʨʬʽ˂ʬʹ. ʴʬʹʺʵʬʩˀʰ ʹʻʴʯʽʭʰʹ ˀʬˁʬʸʬʩʰʯ

25

Tavi mexuTe – karma-ioga anu kriSnas cnobierebaSi moqmedebis ioga

ʹˆʬʻʲˀʰ ʨʸʹʬʩʻʲʰ ʮʬ ʫʨ ʽʭʬ ʳʰʳʵʽ˂ʬʭʨʫʰ ʨʰʸʬʩʰʹ
ʪʨʴʬʰʺʸʨʲʬʩʨ ˆʫʬʩʨ.
ʰʵʪʨʹ ʨʹʬʯʰ ʶʸʨʽʺʰʱʰʯ ˀʬʹʨ˃ʲʵʨ ʶʰʸʵʭʴʬʩʰʹ ʪʨʩʨʺʵʴʬʩʨ
ʪʸ˃ʴʵʩʬʩʮʬ, ʳʨʯʰ ʳʵ˄ʬʹʸʰʪʬʩʰʹ ʳʰʾ˄ʬʭʨ, ʪʨʸʬʪʨʴʰ ʪʨʭʲʬʴʰʹ
ʳʰʳʨʸʯ ʻʪʸ˃ʴʵʩʬʲʵʩʨ ʫʨ ʻʮʬʴʨʬʹʰʹʳʰʬʸʰ
ʪʨʴʯʨʭʰʹʻʼʲʬʩʰʹʨʯʭʰʹ ʳʵʳʮʨʫʬʩʨ.
ʰʵʪʨʹ ʨʹʬʯʰ ʶʸʵ˂ʬʹʰ ʬˆʳʨʸʬʩʨ ʨʫʨʳʰʨʴʹ, ʪʨʴʰˀʵʸʵʹ ˀʰˀʰʹʨ ʫʨ
ʪʻʲʰʹ˄ʿʸʵʳʰʹ ʪʨʴ˂ʫʨ ʫʨ ʺʸʨʴʹ˂ʬʴʫʬʴʺʻʸ ʳʫʪʵʳʨʸʬʵʩʨʳʫʬ
ʳʰʹʻʲʳʨ ʮʬʹʻʲʯʨʴ ʯʨʭʰʹʰ ʯʨʴʨʳʿʵʼʵʩʨ ˀʬʰʪʸ˃ʴʵʹ.
ʹˆʭʨʪʭʨʸʨʫ – ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ ˂ʴʵʩʰʬʸʬʩʨʳʫʬ ʨʳʨʾʲʬʩʨ ʰʵʪʨʹ
ʶʸʰʴ˂ʰʶʯʨ ˀʬʹʸʻʲʬʩʰʯ ʻʨʫʭʰʲʬʹʰ ʶʸʵ˂ʬʹʰʨ. ʬʹ
ʫʨ˄ʭʸʰʲʬʩʰʯ ʪʨʴʰʳʨʸʺʬʩʨ ʳʵʳʫʬʭʴʵ ʯʨʭˀʰ.
ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ ˂ʴʵʩʰʬʸ ʶʰʸʵʭʴʬʩʨʹ, ʸʵʳʬʲʰ˂ ʿʵʭʬʲʯʭʰʹ ʬʸʯʪʻʲʰ
ʹʨʳʹʨˆʻʸʰʯ ʨʸʰʹ ʫʨʱʨʭʬʩʻʲʰ, ʨʸ ʬʳʻʽʸʬʩʨ ʹʨʼʸʯˆʬ, ʸʵʳ
ʪʸ˃ʴʵʩʬʩʰ ʯʨʭʰʨʴʯ ʴʬʩʨʮʬ ʪʨʻʹˆʲʺʴʬʴ ˆʬʲʰʫʨʴ. ʨˀʺʨʴʪʨ-ʰʵʪʨ
ʹʨʻʱʬʯʬʹʵ ʪʮʨʨ ʪʸ˃ʴʵʩʨʯʨ ʫʨʳʵʸˁʰʲʬʩʰʹʨ ʫʨ ʱʵʴʺʸʵʲʰʹʨ.
ʲʬʽʹʰ 29
ʶʰʸʵʭʴʬʩʨ, ʹʸʻʲʨʫ ʳʵʴʫʵʩʰʲʰ ˁʬʳʹ ˂ʴʵʩʰʬʸʬʩʨʹ, ˁʨʹ˄ʭʫʬʩʨ
ˁʬʳʹ ʹʰʾʸʳʬʹ ʫʨ ˀʬʳʰ˂ʴʵʩʹ, ʸʵʪʵʸ˂ ʳʹˆʭʬʸʶʲˀʬ˄ʰʸʭʬʩʰʹʨ ʫʨ
ʪʨʴʫʬʪʰʲʵʩʰʹ ʹʨʩʵʲʵʵ ʳʰʮʨʴʹ – ʪʨʴ˂ˆʸʵʳʰʯ ʳʿʵʼʹ, ʿʵʭʬʲʰ
ʶʲʨʴʬʺʰʹʨ ʫʨ ʴʨˆʬʭʨʸʾʳʬʸʯʰʹ ʻʮʬʴʨʬʹ ʻʼʨʲʹ; ʿʭʬʲʨ
˂ʵ˂ˆʨʲʰ ʨʸʹʬʩʰʹ ʱʬʯʰʲʰʹʳʿʵʼʬʲʹʨ ʫʨ ʳʬʪʵʩʨʸʹ
ʳʨʺʬʸʰʨʲʻʸʰ ʪʨʴʹʨ˂ʫʬʲʰʹ ʩʵʸʱʰʲʬʩʹ ʨʰʿʸʰʹ ʫʨ ʾʭʯʰʻʸ
ʹʰʳˀʭʰʫʬʹ ʰʳʱʰʹ.
ˀʰʴʨ-ʨʸʹʰ. ʳʵˁʭʬʴʬʩʰʯʰ ʬʴʬʸʪʰʰʹ (ʳʨʰʨʹ) ʳʨʸ˄ʻˆʬʩˀʰ ʳʵʽ˂ʬʻʲ
ʿʭʬʲʨ ʪʨʴʶʰʸʵʩʬʩʻʲ ʹʻʲʹ ʨʳʽʭʬʿʴʨʫ ʿʭʬʲʨʮʬ ʳʬʺʨʫ
ʳˀʭʰʫʵʩʨ ʹ˄ʿʻʸʰʨ. ʳʨʪʸʨʳ ʳʨʯ ʨʸ ʰ˂ʰʨʴ “ʩˈʨʪʨʭʨʫ-ʪʰʺʨʹ” ʨʳ
ʯʨʭˀʰ ʪʨʴʳʨʸʺʬʩʻʲʰ ʳˀʭʰʫʵʩʰʹ ʳʨʸʺʰʭʰ ʼʵʸʳʻʲʨ: ʨʫʨʳʰʨʴʰʹ
ʿʭʬʲʨ ʹʨʽʳʰʨʴʵʩʨ ʻʼʨʲʰ ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ ʹʨʹʰʨʳʵʭʴʵʫ ʨʸʰʹ
ʪʨʴʱʻʯʭʴʰʲʰ; ʿʭʬʲʨʼʬʸʰ ʻʼʲʰʹ ʺʸʨʴʹ˂ʬʴʫʬʴʺʻʸ
ʳʹʨˆʻʸʬʩʨʹ ʻʴʫʨ ʳʰʻ˃ʾʭʴʨʴ – ʰʪʰ ʿʭʬʲʨ ʶʲʨʴʬʺʰʹʨ ʫʨ

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Tavi mexuTe – karma-ioga anu kriSnas cnobierebaSi moqmedebis ioga

ʴʨˆʬʭʨʸʾʳʬʸʯʰʹ ʳʩʸ˃ʨʴʬʩʬʲʰʨ. ʨʸʨʭʰʴ ʨʸʰʹ ʳʨʹʮʬ ʨʾʳʨʺʬʩʻʲʰ,
ʯʨʭʨʫ ʻʼʨʲʰ ˀʰʭʨ ʫʨ ʻʼʨʲʰ ʩʸʨˈʳʨ˂ ʱʰ.
ʭʬʫʬʩˀʰ (“ˀʭʬʺʨˀʭʨʺʨʸʨ ʻʶʨʴʰˀʨʫʰ” 6.7) ʻʮʬʴʨʬʹʰ ʻʼʨʲʰ
ʱʸʰˀʴʨ ˄ʨʸʳʵʫʪʬʴʰʲʰʨ, ʸʵʪʵʸ˂ ʺʨʳ ʰˀʭʨʸʨʴʨʳ ʶʨʸʨʳʨʳ
ʳʨˈʬˀʭʨʸʨʳ.
ʰʲʻʮʰʰʯ ʳʵˇʨʫʵʬʩʻʲʰ ʨʫʨʳʰʨʴʬʩʰ ˂ʫʰʲʵʩʬʴ ʫʨʬʶʨʺʸʵʴʵʴ
ʿʭʬʲʨʼʬʸʹ, ʸʨʹʨ˂ ʳʨʯʰ ʯʭʨʲʰ ʳʰʹ˄ʭʫʬʩʨ. ʹʰʴʨʳʫʭʰʲʬˀʰ ʳʨʯ
ʻʴʫʨ ʬʹʳʵʫʬʯ, ʸʵʳ ʻʼʲʰʹ ʳʨʺʬʸʰʨʲʻʸʰ ʬʴʬʸʪʰʨ ʪʨʴʨʪʬʩʹ
ʳʨʯ. ʻʼʨʲʰ ʳʨʺʬʸʰʨʲʻʸʰ ʩʻʴʬʩʰʹ ʳʩʸ˃ʨʴʬʩʬʲʰʨ ʫʨ
ʪʨʴʶʰʸʵʩʬʩʻʲʰ ʹʻʲʬʩʰ ʨʳ ʩʻʴʬʩʰʹ ʪʨʸʫʻʭʨʲ ʱʨʴʵʴʯʨ
ʽʭʬˀʬʭʸʫʵʳʬʩʰ ʨʸʰʨʴ. ʯʻ ʨʫʨʳʰʨʴʹ ʬʹ ʳʨʸʺʰʭʨʫ ʨʾʹʨʽʳʬʲʰ
ʹʰʩʸ˃ʴʬ ʨʸ ʬʹʳʰʹ, ʰʪʰ ʭʬʸ˂ ʫʨʳʵʻʱʰʫʬʩʲʨʫ ʫʨ ʭʬʸ˂ ʹˆʭʬʩʯʨʴ
ʬʸʯʨʫ ʭʬʸ ˀʬ˃ʲʬʩʹ ʨʳ ʹʨʳʿʨʸʵˀʰ ʳˀʭʰʫʵʩʰʹ ʳʵʶʵʭʬʩʨʹ.
ʬʹ ʨʸʰʹ ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ ˂ʴʵʩʰʬʸʬʩʰʹ ʨʸʹʰ – ʰʪʰ ʻʳʨʾʲʬʹʰ ʪʨʳʪʬʩʬʲʰʨ,
ʿʭʬʲʨ ʫʨ ʿʵʭʬʲʰ – ʯʭʰʯ ʴʨˆʬʭʨʸʾʳʬʸʯʬʩʰ˂, ʳʰʹʰ ʴʬʩʰʹ
ʨʾʳʹʸʻʲʬʩʬʲʴʰ ʨʸʰʨʴ.
ʹʸʻʲʰ ʳˀʭʰʫʵʩʨ ʳˆʵʲʵʫ ʨʳ ˅ʬˀʳʨʸʰʺʬʩʰʹ ˀʬ˂ʴʵʩʰʯ
ʳʰʰʾ˄ʬʭʨ.
ʳʬˆʻʯʬ ʯʨʭˀʰ ʯʭʨʲʹʨˁʰʴʵʫʨʨ ʨˆʹʴʰʲʰ ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ ˂ʴʵʩʰʬʸʬʩʰʹ
ʨʸʹʰ, ʸʨʹʨ˂ ʱʨʸʳʨ-ʰʵʪʨʹʨ˂ ʻ˄ʵʫʬʩʬʴ. ʪʨ˂ʬʳʻʲʰʨ ʶʨʹʻˆʰ
ʯʭʰʯʳʨʸʽʭʰʨ ʳʵʨʮʸʵʭʴʬʬʩʰʹ ʱʰʯˆʭʨʮʬ, ʯʻ ʸʵʪʵʸ ˀʬʰ˃ʲʬʩʨ
ʱʨʸʳʨ-ʰʵʪʨʯʰ ʶʰʸʵʭʴʬʩʰ ʪʨʴʯʨʭʰʹʻʼʲʬʩʨ. ˀʸʵʳʨ ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ
˂ʴʵʩʰʬʸʬʩʨˀʰ ʴʰˀʴʨʭʹ ʪʨʸˇʨʹ ʰʳʰʹ ʹʸʻʲʰ ˀʬʪʴʬʩʰʯ, ʸʵʳ
ʻʼʨʲʰʨ ʿʭʬʲʨʼʸʰʹ ʩʨʺʵʴ-ʶʨʺʸʵʴʰ. ʨʹʬʯʰ ˀʸʵʳʨ ʰʹʬʯʰʭʬ
ʹʸʻʲʽʳʴʰʲʰ ʫʨ ʨʳʨʾʲʬʩʻʲʰʨ, ʸʵʪʵʸ˂ ʺʸʨʴʹ˂ʬʴʫʬʴʺʻʸʰ
ʹʰʩʸ˃ʴʬ.
ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ ˂ʴʵʩʰʬʸʬʩʨ ʩˈʨʱʺʰ-ʰʵʪʨʨ, ʸʵʳʲʰʹʱʬʴʨ˂ ʳʰʳʨʭʨʲʰ ʪʮʨ
ʨʸʰʹ ˇʴʨʴʨ-ʰʵʪʨ. ʻʮʬʴʨʬʹʯʨʴ ʹʨʱʻʯʨʸʰ ʻʸʯʰʬʸʯʵʩʰʹ ʹʸʻʲʰ
ˀʬʪʴʬʩʰʯ ˀʸʵʳʨ, ʮʸʨˆʭʨ, ʳʵʾʭʨ˄ʬʵʩʨ, ʬ.ʰ. ʿʵʭʬʲʰ ʱʨ˂ʰʹʳʰʬʸʰ
˄ʳʰʴʫʨ ʽʳʴʨʫʵʩʨ ʰʪʰʭʬ ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ ˂ʴʵʩʰʬʸʬʩʨʨ, ʸʵʳʲʰʹ ʹʸʻʲʨʫ
ˀʬ˂ʴʵʩʨ ˀʬʰ˃ʲʬʩʨ ʻʼʲʰʹ ˀʬʹʨˆʬʩ ʿʵʭʬʲʰʭʬʹ ˂ʵʫʴʰʯ.
˄ʳʰʴʫʨ ʹʻʲʰ ʾʳʬʸʯʰʹ ʳʨʸʨʫʰʻʲʰ ʳʹʨˆʻʸʰʨ, ʸʵʪʵʸ˂ ʳʰʹʰ
ʪʨʴʻʿʵʼʬʲʰ ʴʨ˄ʰʲʰ. ʳʨʪʸʨʳ ʨʫʨʳʰʨʴʬʩʹ ˆˀʰʸʨʫ ʹʨʳʿʨʸʵʮʬ
ʩʨʺʵʴʵʩʰʹ ʹʻʸʭʰʲʰ ʨ˂ʯʻʴʬʩʹ ʫʨ ʻʱʨʭˀʰʸʫʬʩʨ ʳʨʰʨʹ

27

Tavi mexuTe – karma-ioga anu kriSnas cnobierebaSi moqmedebis ioga

(ʰʲʻʮʰʻʸ ʬʴʬʸʪʰʨʹ). ʬʹ ʰʽ˂ʬʭʨ ʳʰʹʰ ʪʨʻʹʨ˃ʲʰʹʰ ʺʨʴˇʭʰʹ
ʳʰʮʬʮʨʫ.
ʱʨ˂ʳʨ, ʹʨʴʨʳ ʰʹ ʳʰ˄ʰʬʸʰ ʹʨʳʿʨʸʵʹ ʳʱʭʰʫʸʰʨ, ˆʵʸ˂ʰʬʲ
ʹʨ˅ʰʸʵʬʩʨʯʨ ʪʨʳʵ ʻʴʫʨ ʰʳʵʽʳʬʫʵʹ, ʰˀʸʵʳʵʹ, ʰʨʮʸʵʭʴʵʹ ʫʨ
ʨ.ˀ., ʳʨʪʸʨʳ ʿʵʭʬʲʰʭʬ ʨʳʰʹ ʽʳʴʨ ʳʨˀʰʴ ʨʸʰʹ ʪʨʳʨʸʯʲʬʩʻʲʰ, ʯʻ
ʯʨʴʫʨʯʨʴʵʩʰʯ ʻʨˆʲʵʭʬʩʨ ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ ˂ʴʵʩʰʬʸʬʩʰʹ ʱʨʸʹ, ʳʰʹʰ
ʳʯʭʲʬʳʨʸʬ ʹʻʲʰʬʸʰ ˃ʨʲʬʩʰ ʴʬʲ-ʴʬʲʨ, ʳʨʪʸʨʳ ʳʨʰʴ˂
ʰʾʭʰ˃ʬʩʬʴ, ʪʨ˄ʬʻʲʰ ˀʸʵʳʰʹ ʹʨʩʵʲʵʵ ʳʰʮʴʰʹʨʫʳʰ ʹʻʲʰʬʸʰ
ʸ˄ʳʬʴʨ ʻʳʺʱʰ˂ʫʬʩʨ ʫʨ ʯʨʭʰʹʻʼʲʫʬʩʨ ʳʨʺʬʸʰʰʹ
ʳʨʸ˄ʻˆʬʩʰʫʨʴ.
ʻʼʨʲʰ ʨʸʨʭʰʹ ʳʰʳʨʸʯ ʨʸ ʨʸʰʹ ʳʰʱʬʸ˃ʵʬʩʻʲʰ, ʿʭʬʲʨʼʬʸʰ
ʫʨʳʵʱʰʫʬʩʻʲʰʨ ʯʨʭʨʫ ʶʰʸʵʭʴʬʩʰʹ ʳʰʬʸ ʹʨʱʻʯʨʸ
ʳʵʭʨʲʬʵʩʨʯʨ ˀʬʹʸʻʲʬʩʨʮʬ. ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ ʳˆʨʸʫʨ˅ʬʸʨ, ʸʨʹʨ˂
ʹʻʲʰʬʸʬʩʰʹ ʪʮʨʮʬ ʫʨʳʫʪʨʸʰ ʶʰʸʵʭʴʬʩʨ ʫʾʬʴʰʨʫʨʪ ʪʸ˃ʴʵʩʹ,
ʬˆʳʨʸʬʩʨ ʳʨʹ ʹʨʱʻʯʨʸ ʪʸ˃ʴʵʩʨʯʨ ʳʵ˄ʬʹʸʰʪʬʩʨˀʰ, ʽʭʬʴʨ
ʹʻʸʭʰʲʬʩʰʹʨ ʫʨ ʳʸʰʹˆʨʴʬʩʰʹ ʫʨʯʸʪʻʴʭʨˀʰ.
ʰʹ, ʭʰʴ˂ ʪʨʴʳʺʱʰ˂ʬʩʻʲʰʨ ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ ˂ʴʵʩʰʬʸʬʩʨˀʰ, ʪʨʴʰ˃ʨʸ˂ʭʨʭʹ
ˆʵʸ˂ʰʹʳʰʬʸʰ ʭʴʬʩʬʩʰʹ ˃ʵʴ˃ʬʩʹ, ʳʨʸʯʨʭʹ ʹʨʱʻʯʨʸ ʯʨʭʹ ʫʨ
ʯʨʭʰʹ ʪʻʲˀʰʭʬ ʬ˃ʰʬʩʹ ʻʼʨʲʹ, ʺʸʨʴʹ˂ʬʴʫʬʴʺʻʸ ʹʨʼʬˆʻʸʮʬ
ʫʪʨʹ, ʨʴʻ ʩʸʨˈʳʨ-ʴʰʸʭʨʴʨʹ ʹʺʨʫʰʨˀʰ ʰʳʿʵʼʬʩʨ.
ʸʭʨʹʨʼʬˆʻʸʬʩʸʰʭʰ ʳʰʹʺʰʻʸʰ ʰʵʪʨ ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ ˂ʴʵʩʰʬʸʬʩʨˀʰ
ʰʵʲʨʫ ˆʵʸ˂ʰʬʲʫʬʩʨ ʫʨ ʯʨʴʫʨʯʨʴʵʩʰʯ ʳʵʱʲʫʬʩʨ ʪʮʨ
ʹʨʩʵʲʵʵ ʳʰʮʴʨʳʫʬ.
ʨʸʹʬʩʵʩʹ ʨʳ ʸʭʨ ʹʨʼʬˆʻʸʰʹ ʨʾʳʨ ʨʭʲʰʹ ˀʬʹʨ˃ʲʬʩʲʵʩʨʴʰ ʰʨʳʨʹ,
ʴʰʨʳʨʹ, ʨʹʨʴʨʹ, ʶʸʨʴʨʰʨʳʨʹ, ʶʸʨʺʰʨˈʨʸʨʹ, ʫˈʨʸʨʴʨʹ, ʫˈʰʨʴʨʹʨ ʫʨ
ʹʨʳʨʫˈʰʹ ˄ʭʸʯʰʹ ˄ʿʨʲʵʩʰʯ.
ʬʹ ʨʸʰʹ ʹʰ˂ʵ˂ˆʲʬˀʰʭʬ ʶʰʸʵʭʴʬʩʰʹ ʻʳʨʾʲʬʹʰ ʹʸʻʲʽʳʴʰʹ ʬʸʯʬʸʯʰ ʪʮʨ.
ʨʹʬ ʳʯʨʭʸʫʬʩʨ ʩˈʨʱʺʰʭʬʫʨʴʺʨʹ ʱʵʳʬʴʺʨʸʬʩʰ “ˀʸʰʳʨʫ ʩˈʨʪʨʭʨʫʪʰʺʨʹ” ʳʬˆʻʯʬ ʯʨʭʮʬ, ʸʵʳʬʲʰ˂ ʬˆʬʩʨ ʱʨʸʳʨ-ʰʵʪʨʹ, ʨʴʻ
ʳʵʽʳʬʫʬʩʨʹ ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ ˂ʴʵʩʰʬʸʬʩʨˀʰ.

28

ʯʨʭʰ ʳʬʬʽʭʹʬ
ʫˈʰʨʴʨ-ʰʵʪʨ
ʲʬʽʹʰ 1
ʻʮʬʴʨʬʹʳʨ ʾʳʸʯʨʬʩʸʰʭʳʨ ʶʰʸʵʭʴʬʩʨʳ ʩʸ˃ʨʴʨ: ʰʹ, ʭʰʴ˂ ʨʸʨʫ
ʫʨʪʰʫʬʭʹ ʯʨʭʰʹʰ ˀʸʵʳʰʹ ʴʨʿʵʼʹ ʫʨ ʳˆʵʲʵʫ ʳʵʭʨʲʬʵʩʰʹ ʪʨʳʵ
ʰʸˇʬʩʨ, ʪʨʴʫʬʪʰʲʰʹ ˂ˆʵʭʸʬʩʨʹ ʬ˄ʬʭʨ. ʹ˄ʵʸʬʫ ʰʹ, ʨʸʰʹ
˅ʬˀʳʨʸʰʺʰ ˄ʳʰʴʫʨʴʰ ʫʨ ʨʸʨ ʰʹ, ʭʰʹʨ˂ ˂ʬ˂ˆʲʰʹ ʫʨʴʯʬʩʨ˂ ʱʰ
ʬʮʨʸʬʩʨ ʫʨ ʳʵʭʨʲʬʵʩʰʹ ˀʬʹʸʻʲʬʩʨʹ ʯʨʭʹ ʨʸʰʫʬʩʹ.
ˀʰʴʨ-ʨʸʹʰ. ʨʳ ʯʨʭˀʰ ʻʼʨʲʰ ʪʨʴʳʨʸʺʨʭʹ, ʸʵʳ ʰʵʪʨʹ,
ʸʭʨʹʨʼʬˆʻʸʰʨʴʰ ʹʰʹʺʬʳʰʹ ʳʰʮʨʴʰ ˂ʴʵʩʰʬʸʬʩʰʹʨ ʫʨ ʪʸ˃ʴʵʩʬʩʰʹ
ʳʨʸʯʭʨʨ. ʻʳʸʨʭʲʬʹʯʨʯʭʰʹ ʳʨʯʰ ˀʬʹʸʻʲʬʩʨ ʳʬʺʰʹʳʬʺʨʫ
˃ʴʬʲʰʨ, ʪʨʴʹʨʱʻʯʸʬʩʰʯ ʱʨʲʰʹ ʬʶʵʽʨˀʰ.
ʻʼʨʲʰ ʰʵʪʨʹ ʸʭʨʹʨʼʬˆʻʸʰʨʴʰ ʹʰʹʺʬʳʰʹ ʪʨʳʵʿʬʴʬʩʨʹ ʪʭʰʸˁʬʭʹ
ʫʨ ˄ʰʴ ˄ʨʳʵʹ˄ʬʭʹ ʱʨʸʳʨ-ʰʵʪʨʹ ʶʸʨʽʺʰʱʰʹ, ʨʴʻ ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ
˂ʴʵʩʰʬʸʬʩʨˀʰ ʿʵʼʴʰʹ ʻʶʰʸʨʺʬʹʵʩʨʹ.
ʨʳ ˄ʻʯʰʹʵʼʬˀʰ ʿʭʬʲʨ ʰʩʸ˃ʭʰʹ ʵˇʨˆʰʹ ʹʨʸˁʬʴʨʫ ʫʨ ʶʰʸʨʫʰ
ʽʵʴʬʩʰʹ ʳʵˆʭʬ˅ʨ-ˀʬʴʨˆʭʰʹʨʯʭʰʹ, ʳʰʹʫʬʭʹ ʸʨ ʯʨʭʰʹ ʭʰ˄ʸʵ ʯʻ
ʼʨʸʯʵ ʰʴʺʬʸʬʹʬʩʹ ʫʨ ˀʸʵʳʨ-ʪʨʸˇʨʹ ʨʸ ʬʸʰʫʬʩʨ, ʸʨʯʨ
ʫʨʰʱʳʨʿʵʼʰʲʵʹ ʳʰ˄ʰʬʸʰ ʭʴʬʩʨ-ʪʻʲʰʹʯʽʳʨʴʰ.
ˀʸʵʳʰʹ ʹʸʻʲʿʵʼʰʲʬʩʨ ʳʰʰʾ˄ʬʭʨ ʳʨˀʰʴ, ʸʵ˂ʨ ʿʵʭʬʲ
ʽʳʬʫʬʩʨʹ ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ ˂ʴʵʩʰʬʸʬʩʰʹ ʳʨʫʲʰ ʻ˃ʾʭʰʹ ʫʨ ʨʸʨ
ʳʵʴʨʪʨʸʰʯ ʺʱʩʵʩʰʹ ʹʻʸʭʰʲʰ. ʸʨʱʰ ʿʵʭʬʲʰ ˂ʵ˂ˆʨʲʰ ʻʼʲʰʹ
ʪʨʴʻʿʵʼʬʲʰ ʴʨ˄ʰʲʰʨ, ʯʵʯʰʬʻʲʰ ʳʨʯʪʨʴʰʹ ˄ʳʰʴʫʨ ʭʨʲʰʨ
ʳʨʹʯʨʴ ʱʨʭˀʰʸʰ ʫʨ ʳʰʹʰ ˂ʴʵʩʰʬʸʬʩʰʯ ʳʵʽʳʬʫʬʩʨ. ʹˆʬʻʲʰʹ
ʴʨ˄ʰʲʬʩʰ ʳʯʲʰʨʴʨʫ ʹˆʬʻʲʰʹ, ʸʵʪʵʸ˂ ʬʸʯʰʹ, ʹʨʸˁʬʴʨʫ
ʰ˃ʭʸʰʨʴ - ʳʨʪʨʲʰʯʨʫ, ʱʰʫʻʸʬʩʰ ʳʯʬʲ ʹˆʬʻʲʹ ʬʳʹʨˆʻʸʬʩʰʨʴ...
ʹ˄ʵʸʬʫ ʨʹʬʭʬ, ʨʫʨʳʰʨʴʰ, ʸʵʳʬʲʰ˂ ʯʰʯʽʵʹ ʹʨʱʻʯʨʸʰ
ʯʨʭʰʹʯʭʰʹ ˀʸʵʳʵʩʹ, ʻʮʬʴʨʬʹʹ - ʬʸʯʹʨ ʫʨ ʪʨʴʻʿʵʼʬʲʹ ʬʳʹʨˆʻʸʬʩʨ, ʳʰʹʰ ʱʳʨʿʵʼʰʲʬʩʰʹ ʳʰʾ˄ʬʭʨʹ ˂ʫʰʲʵʩʹ. ʨʹʬʯʰ ʱʨ˂ʰ
ʹʸʻʲʿʵʼʰʲ ʹʨʴʴʿʨʹʨʫ, ʹʸʻʲʽʳʴʰʲ ʰʵʪʨʫ ʻʴʫʨ ˁʨʰʯʭʨʲʵʹ.
ʮʵʪˇʬʸ ʹʨʴʴʿʨʹʬʩʰ ʯʨʭʹ ʰʸ˄ʳʻʴʬʩʬʴ, ʸʵʳ ʿʵʭʬʲʪʭʨʸʰ
ʳʨʺʬʸʰʨʲʻʸʰ ʳʵʭʨʲʬʵʩʰʹʨʪʨʴ ʪʨʴʯʨʭʰʹʻʼʲʬʩʻʲʴʰ ʨʸʰʨʴ,
1

Tavi meeqvse – dhiana-ioga

ʨʳʰʺʵʳʨ˂ ʨʾʨʸ ʨʹʸʻʲʬʩʬʴ ʨʪʴʰˈʵʺʸʨ ʰʨˇʴʬʩʹ (˂ʬ˂ˆʲʰʹ
ʳʹˆʭʬʸʶʲˀʬ˄ʰʸʭʬʩʹ). ʳʨʯʰ ʳʰʮʨʴʰʨ ʻʶʰʸʵʭʴʵ ʩʸʨˈʳʨʴʯʨʴ
ˀʬʸ˄ʿʳʨ, ʬʹ ʱʰ ʿʵʭʬʲʪʭʨʸ ʳʰ˄ʰʬʸ ʹʻʸʭʰʲʮʬ ʳʨʾʲʨ ʫʪʨʹ. ʳʰʹ
ʳʰʹʨʾ˄ʬʭʨʫ ʳʰʹʺʰʱʵʹ ʿʵʪʹ, ʿʵʭʬʲʪʭʨʸ ʳʨʺʬʸʰʨʲʻʸ
ʹʨʽʳʰʨʴʵʩʨʹ ʸʵʳ ˄ʿʭʬʺʹ ʫʨ ʴʨˆʬʭʸʨʫʪʨˆʬʲʰʲʰ ʯʭʨʲʬʩʰʯ,
ʪʨʸʰʴʫʬʩʻʲʰ ʰʵʪʨʹ ʳʰʹʺʬʸʰʨʹ ʨʹʸʻʲʬʩʹ, ʯʭʰʯʱʳʨʿʵʼʰʲʬʩʰʹ
ʬʪʵʰʹʺʻʸʰ ʰʴʺʬʸʬʹʬʩʰ ʨʳʵ˃ʸʨʭʬʩʹ. ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ ˂ʴʵʩʰʬʸʬʩʨˀʰ
ʳʵʽʳʬʫʰ ʶʰʸʵʭʴʬʩʨ ʱʰ ʿʵʭʬʲʪʭʨʸʰ ʳʹʪʨʭʹʰ ˄ʨʫʰʲʰʹ ʪʨʸʬˀʬ
ʰʾ˄ʭʰʹ, ʸʨʯʨ ʻʼʨʲʹ ʹʰʨʳʵʭʴʬʩʨ ʳʵˈʪʭʨʸʵʹ. ʳʰʹʰ ˄ʨʸʳʨʺʬʩʰʹ
ʹʨʮʵʳʰ ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ ʱʳʨʿʵʼʰʲʬʩʨʨ ʫʨ ʨʳʫʬʴʨʫ ʰʪʰʨ ʹʸʻʲʿʵʼʰʲʰ
ʹʨʴʴʿʨʹʰ, ʨʴʻ ʹʸʻʲʿʵʼʰʲʰ ʿʵʪʰ.
ʻʼʨʲʰ ˁʨʰʺʨʴʿʨ, ʪʨʴʫʬʪʰʲʵʩʰʹ ʿʭʬʲʨʮʬ ʹʸʻʲʽʳʴʰʲʰ
ʹʰʳʩʵʲʵ, ʨʹʬʭʬ ʬʭʬʫʸʬʩʨ ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ:
"ʵ, ʿʵʭʲʰʹˀʬʳ˃ʲʬʭ, ʳʬ ʨʸ˂ ʹʰʳʫʰʫʸʰʹ ʳʵˆʭʬ˅ʨ ʫʨ ʨʸ˂
ʲʨʳʨʮʳʨʴʬʩʯʨʴ ʪʨʴ˂ˆʸʵʳʨ ʳʹʻʸʹ. ʨʸ˂ ʳʨʾʰʨʸʬʩʬʲ-ʳʰʳʫʬʭʸʬʩʹ
ʪʯˆʵʭ. ʳʰʩʵ˃ʬ ʳˆʵʲʵʫ ˀʬʴʰ ʻʳʰʮʬʮʵ ˄ʿʨʲʵʩʨ, ʸʨʯʨ
ʬʸʯʪʻʲʨʫ ʪʬʳʹʨˆʻʸʵ ʹʰ˂ʵ˂ˆʲʰʫʨʴ ʹʰ˂ʵ˂ˆʲʬʳʫʬ".
ʲʬʽʹʰ 2
ʵ, ʶʨʴʫʻʹ ˃ʬʵ, ʿʻʸʨʫ ʰʾʬ - ʪʨʴʫʬʪʰʲʵʩʨ ʰʪʰʭʬ ʰʵʪʨʨ, ʰʵʪʨ ʱʰ
ʻʮʬʴʨʬʹʯʨʴ ʳʰʨˆʲʬʩʨ. ʨʫʨʳʰʨʴʰ ʭʬʸʨʹʵʫʬʹ ʪʨˆʫʬʩʨ ʿʵʪʰ, ʯʻ
ʹʨʱʻʯʨʸ ʪʻʲʰʹʽʳʨʯʨ ʫʨʱʳʨʿʵʼʰʲʬʩʰʹ ʹʻʸʭʰʲʹ ʨʸ
ʪʨʴʰˀʵʸʬʩʹ.
ˀʰʴʨ-ʨʸʹʰ. ˅ʬˀʳʨʸʰʺʰ ʹʨʴʴʿʨʹʨ-ʰʵʪʨ, ʨʴʻ ʩˈʨʱʺʰ ʴʰˀʴʨʭʹ ʰʳʨʹ,
ʸʵʳ ʶʰʸʵʭʴʬʩʨʳ ʻʴʫʨ ʰ˂ʵʫʬʹ ʯʨʭʰʹʰ, ʸʵʪʵʸ˂ ˂ʵ˂ˆʨʲʰ
ʨʸʹʬʩʰʹ, ʫʨʫʪʬʴʰʲʰ ʳʫʪʵʳʨʸʬʵʩʨ ʫʨ ʰʽ˂ʬʵʫʬʹ ʳʰʹ
ˀʬʹʨʩʨʳʰʹʨʫ. ʿʵʭʬʲʰ ʹʻʲʫʪʳʻʲʰ ˂ʨʲʱʬ, ʫʨʳʵʻʱʰʫʬʩʲʨʫ ʨʸ
ʨʸʹʬʩʵʩʹ, ʰʪʰ ʻʮʬʴʨʬʹʰʫʨʴ ʳʵʳʫʰʴʨʸʬ ʬʴʬʸʪʰʨʨ. ʬʽ˂ʬʭʨ ʸʨ
ʳʰ˄ʰʬʸʰ ʿʵʼʰʬʸʬʩʰʹ ʳʨʸ˄ʻˆʬʩˀʰ, ʶʰʸʵʭʴʬʩʨ ʪʨʴʶʰʸʵʩʬʩʻʲʰ
ˆʫʬʩʨ, ˆʵʲʵ ʸʵʫʬʹʨ˂ ʰʪʰ ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ ˂ʴʵʩʰʬʸʬʩʨʹ ʨʼʨʸʬʩʹ ʯʨʭʹ,
ʨʴ ʳʨʹˀʰ ʹʻʲʰʬʸʰ ˃ʨʲʨ ˇʨʩʴʰʹ ʳʨʺʬʸʰʨʲʻʸʹ, ʰʪʰ ʯʨʭʰʹ
ʴʨʳʫʭʰʲ ʫʨ ʩʻʴʬʩʸʰʭ ʹʨˆʬʹ ʰʳʱʭʰʫʸʬʩʹ.

2

Tavi meeqvse – dhiana-ioga

˂ʵʫʴʰʹ ʴʨʯʲʰʯ ʳʵʹʰʲʰ ʨʫʨʳʰʨʴʰ ʻʨʸʹ ʨʳʩʵʩʹ ˆʵʸ˂ʰʹʳʰʬʸ
ʭʴʬʩʨʯʨ ʹʨʳʹʨˆʻʸʮʬ ʫʨ ʹʻʸʭʰʲʯʨ ʫʨʹʨʱʳʨʿʵʼʰʲʬʩʬʲ ʿʭʬʲʨ
ʽ˂ʬʭʨʮʬ. ʬʹ ˀʬʻ˃ʲʰʨʯ ʿʵʪʬʩʹ, ʸʵʳʲʬʩʰ˂ ʳʰ˄ʰʬʸʰ ʹʨʶʿʸʵʩʰʲʬʹ
ʱʬʫʲʬʩʹ ʨʴʪʸʬʭʬʴ ʫʨ ʨʯʨʭʰʹʻʼʲʬʩʬʴ ʯʨʭʰʨʴʯ ʪʸ˃ʴʵʩʬʩʹ ʽʭʬʴʨ
ʳʰʹ˄ʸʨʼʬʩʬʩʰʹʨʪʨʴ. ʰʹʰʴʰ ʰʳʵʸˁʰʲʬʩʬʴ ʯʨʭʰʨʴʯ ʯʨʭʹ ʫʨ
ʹʨʱʻʯʨʸ ʴʬʩʨʹ ʻʳʵʸˁʰʲʬʩʬʴ ʭʴʬʩʬʩʹ.
ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ ˂ʴʵʩʰʬʸʬʩʨˀʰ ʳʿʵʼʰ ʶʰʸʵʭʴʬʩʨ ʬʸʯʫʸʵʻʲʨʫ
ʹʨʴʴʿʨʹʨ˂ ʨʸʰʹ ʫʨ ʿʵʪʰ˂. ʪʵʴʬʩʰʹʨ ʫʨ ʪʸ˃ʴʵʩʬʩʰʹ
ʳʵʯʭʰʴʰʬʸʬʩʰʹ ʳʰʮʨʴʰ, ʸʵʪʵʸ˂ ʬʹ ˇʴʨʴʨʹʨ ʫʨ ʰʵʪʨʹ
ʹʰʹʺʬʳʨˀʰʨ ʫʨ˄ʬʹʬʩʻʲʰ, ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ ˂ʴʵʩʰʬʸʬʩʰʹ ʨʾʰʨʸʬʩʰʯ
ʯʨʭʰʹʯʨʭʨʫ ʳʰʰʾ˄ʬʭʨ. ˇʴʨʴʨ ʫʨ ʰʵʪʨ ʼʻ˅ʨʫ ˁʨʰʭʲʰʹ, ʯʻ ʳʨʹ
ʨʫʨʳʰʨʴʰʹ ʯʨʭʱʬʸ˃ʨ ʩʻʴʬʩʰʹ ˀʬ˂ʭʲʨ ʨʸ ˀʬʬ˃ʲʬʩʨ. ˂ʵ˂ˆʨʲʰ
ʨʸʹʬʩʰʹ ˅ʬˀʳʨʸʰʺʰ ʳʰʮʨʴʰʨ, ʻʨʸʰ ʯʽʭʨʹ ʿʵʭʬʲʪʭʨʸ
ʯʭʰʯʳʹʨˆʻʸʬʩʨʹʨ ʫʨ ʯʭʰʯʪʨʴ˂ˆʸʵʳʨʮʬ, ʳʨʸʨʫ ʳʮʨʫ ʰʿʵʹ,
ʻʮʬʴʨʬʹʹ ʱʳʨʿʵʼʰʲʬʩʨ ʳʰʨʴʰ˅ʵʹ.
ʸʵ˂ʨ ʨʫʨʳʰʨʴʹ ʻʮʬʴʨʬʹʰʹ ˀʬʹʨˆʬʩ ˄ʨʸʳʵʫʪʬʴʨ˂ ʨʸʨ ʨʽʭʹ,
ʯʭʰʯʪʨʴ˂ˆʸʵʳʨʹ ʬ˃ʲʬʭʨ, ʿʭʬʲʨʼʬʸʹ ʹʨʱʻʯʨʸ ʭʴʬʩʨʯʨ
ʹʨʨʳʬʩʲʨʫ ʰʽʳʹ.
ʿʵʭʬʲʰ ʳʰʮʴʰʹ ʹʸʻʲʨʫ ʪʨʴˆʵʸ˂ʰʬʲʬʩʨ ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ
˂ʴʵʩʰʬʸʬʩʰʯ ʪʨʴʨʯʬʩʻʲʰ ʪʮʰʯ ʨʸʰʹ ˀʬʹʨ˃ʲʬʩʬʲʰ.
ʲʬʽʹʰ 3
ʰʵʪʨʹ ʸʭʨʹʨʼʬˆʻʸʰʨʴ ˄ʸʭʯʴʨˀʰ ʨˆʨʲʩʬʫʨʹʨʯʭʰʹ ˀʸʵʳʨ
ʻʮʬʴʨʬʹʯʨʴ ʳʰʨˆʲʵʬʩʰʹ ʹʨˀʻʨʲʬʩʨʫ ʳʰʰˁʴʬʭʨ. ʳʨʹ ʱʰ, ʭʰʴ˂
ʻʱʭʬ ʨʾʰʳʨʸʯʨ ʰʵʪʨʹ ʳʨʾʨʲ ʹʨʼʬˆʻʸʮʬ, ʿʵʭʬʲʪʭʨʸʰ
ʳʨʺʬʸʰʨʲʻʸʰ ʹʨʽʳʰʨʴʵʩʰʹ ˀʬ˄ʿʭʬʺʨ ʻˆʫʬʩʨ.
ˀʰʴʨ-ʨʸʹʰ. ʰʵʪʨ ʨʫʨʳʰʨʴʰʹ ʻʮʬʴʨʬʹʯʨʴ ʫʨʱʨʭˀʰʸʬʩʰʹ ʶʸʵ˂ʬʹʰʨ.
ʰʪʰ ˀʬʰ˃ʲʬʩʨ ˀʬʭʨʫʨʸʵʯ ʻʳʨʾʲʬʹʰ ʹʻʲʰʬʸʰ
ʸʬʨʲʰʮʨ˂ʰʰʹʨʯʭʰʹ ʹʨ˅ʰʸʵ ʱʰʩʬʹ, ʸʵʳʬʲʰ˂ ʻʳʫʨʩʲʬʹʰ
ʳʨʺʬʸʰʨʲʻʸʰ ʿʵʼʰʫʨʴ ʰ˄ʿʬʩʨ ʫʨ ˄ʳʰʴʫʨ ʹʻʲʰʬʸ ˂ˆʵʭʸʬʩʨˀʰ
ʹʨʱʻʯʨʸʰ ʯʨʭʰʹ ˀʬ˂ʴʵʩʨʳʫʬ ʨʫʰʹ. ʱʰʩʰʹ ʹʨʼʬˆʻʸʬʩʹ
ʹˆʭʨʫʨʹˆʭʨ ʹʨˆʬʲʰ ˈʽʭʰʨ, ʳʯʲʰʨʴʨʫ ʱʰʩʬʹ ʱʰ ʬ˄ʵʫʬʩʨ ʰʵʪʨ,
ʸʵʳʬʲʰ˂ ʹʨʳ ʴʨ˄ʰʲʨʫ ʰʿʵʼʨ - ˇʴʨʴʨ-ʰʵʪʨʫ, ʫˈʰʨʴʨ-ʰʵʪʨʫ ʫʨ

3

Tavi meeqvse – dhiana-ioga

ʩˈʨʱʺʰ-ʰʵʪʨʫ. ʱʰʩʰʹ ʶʰʸʭʬʲ ʹʨʼʬˆʻʸʹ ʰʵʪʨʸʻʸʻʱˀʻ ˈʽʭʰʨ,
ʻʳʨʾʲʬʹ ʹʨʼʬˆʻʸʹ - ʰʵʪʨʸʻʫˈʨ. ʸʨ˂ ˀʬʬˆʬʩʨ ʸʭʨʹʨʼʬˆʻʸʰʨʴ
ʹʰʹʺʬʳʨʹ, ˂ˆʵʭʸʬʩʰʹ ʳʰʳ˄ʬʹʸʰʪʬʩʬʲʰ ʶʸʰʴ˂ʰʶʬʩʰʹʨ ʫʨ
ʹˆʭʨʫʨʹˆʭʨ ˇʫʵʳʰʯʰ ʶʵʮʰʹ ʹʨˀʻʨʲʬʩʰʯ (ʸʨ˂ ʳʬʺ-ʴʨʱʲʬʩʨʫ
ʹˆʬʻʲʰʹ ʭʨʸˇʰˀʮʬʨ ʨʾʳʵ˂ʬʴʬʩʻʲʰ) ʳʰʰʾ˄ʬʭʨ ʳʬʫʰʺʨ˂ʰʨ. ʨʳ
ʻʱʨʴʨʹʱʴʬʲʰʹ ʹʨ˄ʿʰʹʰ ˂ʫʬʩʰ ʱʨʸʳʰʻʲ ʳʨʺʬʸʰʨʲʻʸ
ʹʨʽʳʰʨʴʵʩʨʫ ʰʯʭʲʬʩʨ. ʿʵʭʬʲ ʳʵʽʳʬʫʬʩʨʹ ʪʸ˃ʴʵʩʨʯʨ
ʱʵʴʺʸʵʲʰʹʨʯʭʰʹ ʹʨ˅ʰʸʵ ˂ʴʵʩʰʬʸʬʩʰʹ ʹʸʻʲʰ ʪʨ˄ʵʴʨʹ˄ʵʸʬʩʨ
ʳʵˈʿʭʬʩʨ. ʳʬʫʰʺʨ˂ʰʨˀʰ ʫʨˆʬʲʵʭʴʬʩʰʹ ˀʬʳʫʬʪ ʨʫʨʳʰʨʴʰʹ ˅ʱʻʨʪʵʴʬʩʨʹ ʹʸʻʲʰ ʹʰʳˀʭʰʫʬ ʬʻʼʲʬʩʨ.
ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ ˂ʴʵʩʰʬʸʬʩʨʹ ʴʨʮʰʨʸʬʩʰ ʶʰʸʵʭʴʬʩʨ ʯʨʭʰʫʨʴʭʬ
ʳʬʫʰʺʨ˂ʰʨˀʰ ʰʳʿʵʼʬʩʨ, ʭʰʴʨʰʫʨʴ ʳʯʬʲʰ ʯʨʭʰʹʰ ˀʰʴʨʪʨʴʰ
˃ʨʲʰʯ, ʨʸʹʬʩʰʯ, ˅ʱʻʰʯ ʻʼʲʰʹʱʬʴ ʨʸʰʹ ʳʰʽ˂ʬʻʲʰ;
ʪʨʴʻ˄ʿʭʬʺʲʰʭ ʨʭʹʬʩʹ ʳʰʹ ʪʵʴʬʩʨʹ ʻʼʨʲʮʬ ʼʰʽʸʰ ʫʨ
ʹʰ˂ʵ˂ˆʲʰʹ ʨʮʸʹʨ˂ ʳʰʹ ʳʹʨˆʻʸʬʩʨˀʰ ˆʬʫʨʭʹ. ʨʳʰʹ ʪʨʳʵ ʰʪʰ
ʿʵʭʬʲʰʭʬ ʳʨʺʬʸʰʨʲʻʸʰʹ ʳʰʾʳʨʨ.
ʲʬʽʹʰ 4
ʶʰʸʵʭʴʬʩʨ ʰʵʪʨʹ ʳʨʾʨʲ ʹʨʼʬˆʻʸʹ ʨʾ˄ʬʭʹ, ʸʵ˂ʨ ʿʵʭʬʲʪʭʨʸ
ˆʵʸ˂ʰʬʲ ʭʴʬʩʨʮʬ, ʳʰʹ ʳʹʨˆʻʸʬʩʨʮʬ ʻʨʸʹ ʨʳʩʵʩʹ ʫʨ ʨʸ˂
ʱʨʸʳʰʻʲ ʹʨʽʳʰʨʴʵʩʨʹ ʬ˄ʬʭʨ.
ˀʰʴʨ-ʨʸʹʰ. ʻʼʲʰʹʨʫʳʰ ʹʸʻʲʰ, ʺʸʨʴʹ˂ʬʴʫʬʴʺʻʸʰ ʹʨʳʹʨˆʻʸʰ
ʨʫʨʳʰʨʴʹ ʻʫʰʫʬʹ ˀʰʴʨʪʨʴ ʹʰʨʳʵʭʴʬʩʨʹ ˈʪʭʸʰʹ, ʨʾʼʸʯʵʭʨʴʬʩʨ
ʶʰʸʨʳʫʬ ʨʾʨʭʹʬʩʹ ʳʰʹ ʪʻʲʹ ʫʨ ʨʳʰʺʵʳʨ˂ ʨʾʨʸ ʨ˄ʻˆʬʩʹ ʭʴʬʩʨʯʨ
˃ʨˆʰʲʰ, ʨʾʨʸ ʨʰʴʺʬʸʬʹʬʩʹ ʱʨʸʳʰʻʲʰ ʹʨʽʳʰʨʴʵʩʨ. ʹˆʭʨ
ˀʬʳʯˆʭʬʭʨˀʰ ʰʪʰ ʭʬʸʨʼʬʸʹ ʪʨˆʫʬʩʨ; ʸʨʫʪʨʴ ʨʫʨʳʰʨʴʹ ʻʹʨʽʳʵʫ
ʿʵʼʴʨ ʨʸ ˀʬʻ˃ʲʰʨ, ʰ˃ʻʲʬʩʻʲʰ ʰʽʴʬʩʨ ʬʪʵʰʹʺʻʸʰ
ʯʭʰʯʱʳʨʿʵʼʰʲʬʩʨ ʬ˃ʰʵʹ.
ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ ˂ʴʵʩʰʬʸʬʩʨˀʰ ʳʿʵʼʹ ʻʼʲʰʹ ʹʨʨʳʬʩʬʲʰ ʹʨʳʹʨˆʻʸʰ
ʹʻʲʰʯˆʵʸ˂ʨʳʫʬ ʬʻʼʲʬʩʨ, ʸʰʹ ʪʨʳʵ˂ ʹʸʻʲʰʨʫ
ʪʨʴʸʰʫʬʩʻʲʰʨ ʪʻʲʰʹ˄ʨʫʰʲʯʨ ʫʨʱʳʨʿʵʼʰʲʬʩʰʹʨʪʨʴ.
ʨʫʨʳʰʨʴʳʨ ʰʵʪʨʹ ʻʳʨʾʲʬʹ ʹʨʼʬˆʻʸʨʳʫʬ ʨʹʨʹʭʲʬʲʨʫ
ʿʭʬʲʨʼʬʸʰ ʻʴʫʨ ʰʾʵʴʵʹ.

4

Tavi meeqvse – dhiana-ioga

ʲʬʽʹʰ 5
ʨʫʨʳʰʨʴʰ ʹʨʱʻʯʨʸʰ ˅ʱʻʰʹ ˀʬ˄ʬʭʴʰʯ ʪʨʴʯʨʭʰʹʻʼʲʫʬʩʨ ʫʨ
ʨʰ˂ʫʬʴʹ ʫʨʳʫʨʩʲʬʩʨʹ. ˂ʴʵʩʰʬʸʬʩʨ ʪʨʴʶʰʸʵʩʬʩʻʲʰ ʹʻʲʰʹ
ʳʬʵˆʰ˂ ʨʸʰʹ ʫʨ ʳʵ˃ʻʲʬ˂.
ˀʰʴʨ-ʨʸʹʰ. ʱʵʴʺʬʽʹʺˀʰ ʹʰʺʿʭʨ ʨʺʳʨ ʹˆʭʨʫʨʹˆʭʨ ʳʴʰˀʭʴʬʲʵʩʰʯʨʨ
ʫʨʺʭʰʸʯʻʲʰ. ʰʪʰ ʴʰˀʴʨʭʹ ʹˆʬʻʲʹ, ˅ʱʻʨʹʨ ʫʨ ʹʻʲʹ. ʰʵʪʨʹ
ʶʸʨʽʺʰʱʨˀʰ ʪʨʴʹʨʱʻʯʸʬʩʻʲʰ ʳʴʰˀʭʴʬʲʵʩʨ ˂ʴʵʩʰʬʸʬʩʨʹʨ ʫʨ
ʪʨʴʶʰʸʵʩʬʩʻʲ ʹʻʲʹ ʬʴʰ˅ʬʩʨ, ʨʳʰʺʵʳ ʨʳ ˀʬʳʯˆʭʬʭʨˀʰ ʨʺʳʨ
˂ʴʵʩʰʬʸʬʩʨʹ ʴʰˀʴʨʭʹ, ʸʵʳʲʰʹ ʫʨʳʵʸˁʰʲʬʩʨ ʫʨ ʪʨʳʵˆʹʴʨ
ʪʸ˃ʴʵʩʬʩʮʬ ʳʰˇʨ˅ʭʻʲʩʵʰʹʨʪʨʴ ʰʵʪʨʹ ˄ʭʸʯʰʹ ˃ʰʸʰʯʨʫʰ
ʳʰʮʨʴʰʨ. ʨʽ ˆʨʮʪʨʹʳʻʲʰʨ, ʸʵʳ ʶʰʸʵʭʴʬʩʰʹ ˅ʱʻʨ-ʪʵʴʬʩʨ ʰʹʬ
ʻʴʫʨ ʪʨʰ˄ʭʸʯʴʨʹ, ʸʵʳ ʫʨʹʨʾʻʶʨʭʨʫ ʪʨʴ˄ʰʸʻʲ ʹʻʲʹ
ʻʳʬ˂ʸʬʩʰʹ ˅ʨʵʩʰʫʨʴ ʨʳʵʹʭʲʨˀʰ ʫʨʬˆʳʨʸʵʹ.
ʳʨʺʬʸʰʨʲʻʸ ʹʨʳʿʨʸʵˀʰ, ʸʵʪʵʸ˂ ˄ʬʹʰ, ʨʫʨʳʰʨʴʰ ʯʨʭʰʹʰ
˅ʱʻʰʹʨ ʫʨ ʪʸ˃ʴʵʩʬʩʰʹ ʳʵʴʨʨ. ʹʻʲʰ ʳʰ˄ʰʬʸʬʩʰʹ ʺʿʭʬʵʩʨˀʰʨ
ʰʳʰʺʵʳ, ʸʵʳ ˂ʴʵʩʰʬʸʬʩʨ ˀʬʶʿʸʵʩʰʲʰʨ ˂ʸʻ "ʬʪʵ"-ʯʰ ʳʨʺʬʸʰʨʲʻʸ ʿʵʼʰʬʸʬʩʨʮʬ ʩʨʺʵʴʵʩʰʹ ʹʻʸʭʰʲʰʯ. ʰʵʪʨʹ
ˀʬʳ˄ʬʵʩʰʯ ʪʨ˄ʭʸʯʴʰʲ ˅ʱʻʨʹ ʳʰ˄ʰʬʸʰ ʩʻʴʬʩʰʹ ʩʸ˄ʿʰʴʭʨʲʬʩʨ
ʭʬʾʨʸ ʳʵʹ˅ʸʰʹ ʯʭʨʲʹ ʫʨ ʭʬʸ ʳʰʰʮʰʫʨʭʹ ˂ʵʫʭʰʲʰ
˂ˆʵʭʸʬʩʰʹʨʱʬʴ - ʬʹ ˆʬʲʹ ˀʬʻ˄ʿʵʩʹ ʪʨʴʶʰʸʵʩʬʩʻʲʰ ʹʻʲʰʹ
ˆʹʴʨʹ.
ʨʫʨʳʰʨʴʰ ʭʴʬʩʨʯʨ ˃ʨʲʨʳ ʨʸ ʻʴʫʨ ʫʨʨʳʫʨʩʲʵʹ, ʨʸ ʻʴʫʨ
ʫʨʯʸʪʻʴʵʹ ʰʹʬ, ʸʵʳ ˆʵʸ˂ʰʬʲ ˄ʨʫʰʲʯʨ ʳʨʸ˄ʻˆʬʩˀʰ
ʳʵʨʽ˂ʰʵʹ. ʫʨ ʯʻ, ʹʨʻʩʬʫʻʸʵʫ, ʨʹʬ ʳʵˆʫʨ, ʨʳ ˄ʿʭʫʰʨʫʰʫʨʴ
ʪʨʴʯʨʭʰʹʻʼʲʬʩʰʹ ʹʨʻʱʬʯʬʹʵ ʪʮʨ ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ ˂ʴʵʩʰʬʸʬʩʰʹʨʱʬʴ
˅ʱʻʰʹ ʳʰʳʨʸʯʭʨʨ ʫʨ ʴʰʨʫʨʪ, ʫʨʷʰʴʬʩʰʯ ʳʨʹʮʬ ʼʰʽʸʰʨ. ʹʰʺʿʭʨ
ˈʰ ʹ˄ʵʸʬʫ ʫʨʹʺʻʸʹ ʴʰˀʴʨʭʹ - ʫʰʨˆ! ʹʻʲʰʹ ˆʹʴʨ ʳˆʵʲʵʫ ʨʹʬ
ˀʬʰ˃ʲʬʩʨ...
ʭʨʸʫʨ ʨʳʰʹʨ, ʴʨʯʽʭʨʳʰʨ:
"˅ʱʻʨ ʨʫʨʳʰʨʴʰʹ ʺʿʭʬʵʩʰʹ ʳʰʮʬʮʰ˂ ʨʸʰʹ ʫʨ
ʪʨʴʯʨʭʰʹʻʼʲʬʩʰʹ ʹʨˀʻʨʲʬʩʨ˂. ʹʨʱʻʯʨʸ ʪʻʲʰʹʯʽʳʨʯʨ
ʹʨʳʹʨˆʻʸʹ ʪʨʫʨʪʬʩʻʲʰ ˅ʱʻʨ ʱʨ˂ʹ ʳʵʴʵʩʰʹʨʱʬʴ ʳʰʻ˃ʾʭʰʹ,

5

Tavi meeqvse – dhiana-ioga

ʳʨʯʪʨʴ ʪʨʴʸʰʫʬʩʻʲʰ ˅ʱʻʨ ʱʰ ʪʨʴʯʨʭʰʹʻʼʲʬʩʰʹʨʱʬʴ" ("ʨʳʸʰʺʨʳʰʴʫʻ ʻʶʨʴʰˀʨʫʰ" 2).
ʲʬʽʹʰ 6
ʳʨʴ, ʭʰʴ˂ ʹʨʱʻʯʨʸʰ ˅ʱʻʨ ʳʵʨʯʭʰʴʰʬʸʨ, ʹʨʱʻʯʨʸ ʳʬʪʵʩʸʨʫ
ʪʨʰˆʨʫʨ ʰʪʰ. ˆʵʲʵ ʳʨʹ, ʭʰʴ˂ ʭʬʸ ʨʲʨʪʳʨ ʯʨʭʰʹʰ ˂ʴʵʩʰʬʸʬʩʨ,
ʹʨʳʨʸʨʫʷʨʳʵ ʳʺʸʨʫ ʬʽ˂ʨ ʰʪʰ.
ˀʰʴʨ-ʨʸʹʰ. ʸʭʨʹʨʼʬˆʻʸʰʨʴʰ ʰʵʪʨʹ ʳʰʮʨʴʰ ˅ʱʻʰʹ ʫʨʳʵʸˁʰʲʬʩʨʨ,
ʸʨʯʨ ʱʨ˂ʳʨ ʰʪʰ ʻʳʨʾʲʬʹʰ ʳʰʮʴʰʹ ʨʾʹʸʻʲʬʩʰʹʨʯʭʰʹ
ʫʨʰʳʬʪʵʩʸʵʹ. ʯʨʭʰʹ ʴʬʩʨʮʬ ʳʰˀʭʬʩʻʲʰ ˂ʴʵʩʰʬʸʬʩʰʯ ʰʵʪʨʹ
˄ʭʸʯʨ ʫʸʵʰʹ ʼʻ˅ʨʫ ʫʨʱʨʸʪʭʨʨ ʳˆʵʲʵʫ. ʨʹʬʯʰ ˂ʴʵʩʰʬʸʬʩʨ
ʨʫʨʳʰʨʴʰʹ ʫʨʻ˃ʰʴʬʩʬʲʰ ʨʭʰʹʳʵʹʻʸʴʬʨ, ʸʵʳʬʲʰ˂ ʳʰʹ
˂ˆʵʭʸʬʩʨʹʨ ʯʻ ʳʵʳʨʭʨʲʹ ʰʨʭʨʸʽʳʴʰʹ. ʶʰʸʵʭʴʬʩʰʹ ʹʰ˂ʵ˂ˆʲʰʹ
ʨʮʸʰ ʻʮʬʴʨʬʹ ʪʨʴʱʨʸʪʻʲʬʩʨʯʨ ˀʬʹʸʻʲʬʩʨʨ.
ʯʻ ˅ʱʻʨ ʨʫʨʳʰʨʴʹ ʯʨʭʰʹ ʴʬʩʨʮʬ ʨʯʨʳʨˀʬʩʹ, ʳʨʹ ʷʰʴʰʹ,
ʳʸʰʹˆʨʴʬʩʰʹ, ʹʰˆʨʸʩʰʹ, ʰʲʻʮʰʰʹʨ ʫʨ ʹˆʭʨ ʳʨʴʱʰʬʸʬʩʨʯʨ
ʩʸ˃ʨʴʬʩʬʩʰʹ ʿʻʸʳʵ˅ʸʰʲ ʨʾʳʹʸʻʲʬʩʲʨʫ ʨʽ˂ʬʭʹ. ˅ʱʻʰʹ
ʫʨʳʵʸˁʰʲʬʩʰʯ ʱʰ ʱʨ˂ʰ ˃ʨʲʫʨʻʺʨʴʬʩʲʨʫ, ʹʰʳˀʭʰʫʰʯ
ʫʨʨʳʬʩʻʲʰ ʪʻʲʰʯ ʳʰˈʿʭʬʩʨ ʾʭʯʨʬʩʸʰʭʰ ʶʰʸʵʭʴʬʩʰʹ ʴʬʩʨʹ,
ʻʹʳʬʴʹ ʹʨʱʻʯʨʸ ʪʻʲˀʰ ʫʨʭʨʴʬʩʻʲ ʶʨʸʨʳʨʺʳʨʹ. ʰʵʪʨ˂ ʨʳ
ʮʬʹʻʲʯʨʴ ʻʸʯʰʬʸʯʵʩʰʹ ʶʸʵ˂ʬʹʰʨ ʫʨ ʻʼʲʰʹ ʳʵʸˁʰʲʬʩʰʹ
˄ʨʫʰʲʰʹ ʪʨʳʾʭʰʭʬʩʬʲʰ.
ʯʻ ʨʫʨʳʰʨʴʰ ʻˀʻʨʲʵʫ ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ ˂ʴʵʩʰʬʸʬʩʨʹ ʳʰʬʴʫʵʩʨ, ʨʳʨʹ
ʯʨʭʰʹʯʨʭʨʫ ʳʵˈʿʭʬʩʨ ʳʰʹʰ ʳʵʸˁʰʲʬʩʨ˂ ʫʨ ʪʨʴ˄ʳʬʴʫʨ˂.
ʲʬʽʹʰ 7
ʭʰʴ˂ ʹʨʱʻʯʨʸʰ ˅ʱʻʨ ʫʨʰʳʵʸˁʰʲʨ ʫʨ ʹʰʳˀʭʰʫʬ ˈʶʵʭʨ, ʻʱʭʬ
ʳʰʨʾ˄ʰʨ ʮʬʹʻʲʹ. ʳʰʹʯʭʰʹ ʨˆʲʨ ʻʱʭʬ ʹʻʲʬʸʯʰʨ ʩʬʫʴʰʬʸʬʩʨ
ʯʻ ʻʩʬʫʻʸʬʩʨ, ʫʨʸʰ ʯʻ ʨʭʫʨʸʰ, ʫʰʫʬʩʨ ʯʻ ʻʶʵʭʨʸʵʩʨ...
ˀʰʴʨ-ʨʸʹʰ. ʿʭʬʲʨ ʹʻʲʫʪʳʻʲʰʹ ʫʨʴʰˀʴʻʲʬʩʨʨ, ʪʨˈʿʭʬʹ ʴʬʩʨʹ
ʻʮʬʴʨʬʹʰ ʶʰʸʵʭʴʬʩʰʹʨ, ʸʵʳʬʲʰ˂ ʿʭʬʲʨʹ ʪʻʲˀʰ ʹʻʼʬʭʹ
ʶʨʸʨʳʨʺʳʨʹ ʹʨˆʰʯ. ʸʵʫʬʹʨ˂ ˅ʱʻʨʹ ʪʨʸʬʪʨʴʰ, ʨʴʻ ʰʲʻʮʰʻʸʰ
ʬʴʬʸʪʰʨ ʨ˂ʯʻʴʬʩʹ, ʨʫʨʳʰʨʴʰ ʳʨʺʬʸʰʨʲʻʸʰ ʹʨʽʳʰʨʴʵʩʰʹ ʩʨʫʬˀʰ

6

Tavi meeqvse – dhiana-ioga

ʰˆʲʨʸʯʬʩʨ, ʫʨ ʳʵˆʭʬ˅ʨ-ʪʨʴ˂ˆʸʵʳʰʹ ʳʵʴʨʫ ʽ˂ʬʻʲʰ ʨʽʬʯ-ʰʽʰʯ
ʨ˄ʿʫʬʩʨ, ʹʰʳˀʭʰʫʬʹ ʭʬʸ ʶʵʻʲʵʩʹ.
ʰʵʪʨʹ ʹʰʹʺʬʳʰʹ ʸʵʳʬʲʰʳʬ ʹʨˀʻʨʲʬʩʰʯ ʶʰʸʵʭʴʬʩʨ ˀʬ˃ʲʬʩʹ,
ʲʨʪʨʳʰ ʨʳʵʹʫʵʹ ʹʨʱʻʯʨʸ ˅ʱʻʨʹ ʫʨ ʹʰ˂ʵ˂ˆʲʰʹ ʳʯʨʭʨʸʰ
ʳʰʮʴʰʹ ʨʾʹʸʻʲʬʩʰʹʨʱʬʴ ʳʰʳʨʸʯʵʹ. ʸʵʫʬʹʨ˂ ʨʳʨʹ ˀʬ˃ʲʬʩʹ ˂ʴʵʩʰʬʸʬʩʰʹ ʻʳʨʾʲʬʹ ʩʻʴʬʩʨʮʬ ʼʰʽʸˀʰ ʫʨʨʻʴˇʬʩʹ, ʻʱʭʬ
ʿʵʭʬʲʪʭʨʸ ʨʸˁʬʭʨʴʮʬ ʯʨʭʰʹʳʺʭʸʬʭʰʹ ʪʨʸʬˀʬ ʳʰˈʿʭʬʩʨ
ʻʮʬʴʨʬʹʰʹ ˃ʨʲʳʵʹʰʲʬʩʨʹ; ʻʹʰʺʿʭʵʫ ʫʨ ʪʨʴʻʹˇʬʲʨʫ ʰʾʬʩʹ
ʻʳʨʾʲʬʹ ʳʩʸ˃ʨʴʬʩʵʩʨʹ ʫʨ ʯʭʰʴʰʬʸʨʫ ˈʳʵʸˁʰʲʬʩʹ ʳʨʹ.
ʹʨʱʻʯʨʸʰ ˅ʱʻʰʹ ʳʵʳʯʵʱʨʭʰ ʨʫʨʳʰʨʴʰ ʹʨʹʵʬʩʰʯ ʰʾʬʩʹ
ʶʨʸʨʳʨʺʳʨʹ, ʨʴʻ ʮʬʹʻʲʰʹ ʴʬʩʨʹ. ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ ˂ʴʵʩʰʬʸʬʩʨʹʯʨʴ
ʳʰʨˆʲʬʩʻʲʰ ʬʸʯʪʻʲʰ ʨʾ˄ʬʭʹ ʺʸʨʴʹ˂ʬʴʫʬʴʺʻʸ
ʳʫʪʵʳʨʸʬʵʩʨʹ ʫʨ ʳʨʹʮʬ ʨʾʨʸ ʳʵʽʳʬʫʬʩʹ ʳʨʺʬʸʰʨʲʻʸʰ ʿʵʼʰʹ
ʵʸʳʨʪʵʩʬʩʰ: ʩʬʫʴʰʬʸʬʩʨ-ʻʩʬʫʻʸʬʩʨ, ʹʰ˂ˆʬ-ʹʰ˂ʰʭʬ ʫʨ ʨ.ˀ.
ʬʹ ʨʸʰʹ ʹʨʳʨʫˈʰ, ʨʴʻ ʻʮʬʴʨʬʹˀʰ ʫʨʴʯʽʳʨ.
ʲʬʽʹʰ 8
ʸʵʫʬʹʨ˂ ʨʫʨʳʰʨʴʰ ʾʭʯʰʻʸʰ ʹʰʩʸ˃ʴʰʯʨ ʫʨ ʯʨʭʰʹʰ ʯʨʭʰʹ
ˀʬ˂ʴʵʩʰʯ ʩʬʫʴʰʬʸʬʩʰʹ ʳ˄ʭʬʸʭʨʲʮʬ ʨʾʰʳʨʸʯʬʩʨ, ʰʵʪʨʫ
ʰ˄ʵʫʬʩʨ. ʺʸʨʴʹ˂ʬʴʫʬʴʺʻʸ ʹʰʳʨʾʲʬʮʬ ʫʨʫʪʰʴʬʩʻʲʰ ʹʨʱʻʯʨʸ
ʭʴʬʩʨ-˄ʨʫʰʲʯʨ ʩʨʺʵʴ-ʶʨʺʸʵʴʨʫ ʰʽ˂ʬʭʨ ʫʨ ʳʰʹʯʭʰʹ ʹʻʲ ʬʸʯʰ
ʼʨʹʰ ʬʽʴʬʩʨ ʵʽʸʵʹʨ ʫʨ ʽʭʨʹ.
ˀʰʴʨ-ʨʸʹʰ. ʳ˄ʰʪʴʵʩʨʸʯʨ ˂ʵʫʴʨ ʻʮʬʴʨʬʹʰ ˅ʬˀʳʨʸʰʺʬʩʰʹ
ˀʬ˂ʴʵʩʰʹ ʪʨʸʬˀʬ ʻʹʨʸʪʬʩʲʵʨ ʫʨ ʨʸʨʼʸʰʹʳʯʽʳʬʲʰ. ʬʹ ʨʹʬʨ
ˁʨʳʵʿʨʲʰʩʬʩʻʲʰ ˀʬʳʫʬʪ ˂ʰʺʨʺˀʰ:
"ʳʰ˄ʰʬʸʬʩʰʯ ʪʨʩʰʴ˃ʻʸʬʩʻʲʰ ʪʸ˃ʴʵʩʬʩʰʯ ˀʬʻ˃ʲʬʩʬʲʰʨ ˀʸʰ
ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ ʹʨˆʬʲʰʹ, ʼʵʸʳʰʹ, ʯʭʰʹʬʩʬʩʰʹʨ ʫʨ ʪʨʸʯʵʩʬʩʰʹ
ʺʸʨʴʹ˂ʬʴʫʬʴʺʻʸʰ ʩʻʴʬʩʰʹ ˀʬ˂ʴʵʩʨ." ʳˆʵʲʵʫ ʻʼʲʰʹ
˅ʬˀʳʨʸʰʺʰ ʹʨʳʹʨˆʻʸʰʯ ʹʻʲʰʬʸʨʫ ʨʾʰʭʹʬʩʨ ʶʰʸʵʭʴʬʩʨ,
ʸʵʳʹʲʰʯʭʰʹʨ˂ ʴʨʯʬʲʰʿʵʼʨ ʾʳʬʸʯʰʹ ʺʸʨʴʹ˂ʬʴʫʬʴʺʻʸʰ
ʹʨˆʬʲʰ˂, ʼʵʸʳʨ˂, ʯʭʰʹʬʩʬʩʰ˂ʨ ʫʨ ʪʨʸʯʵʩʬʩʰ˂" ("ʩˈʨʱʺʰʸʨʹʨʳʸʰʺʨ-ʹʰʴʫˈʻ" 1.2.234).

7

Tavi meeqvse – dhiana-ioga

"ʩˈʨʪʨʭʨʫ-ʪʰʺʨ" ʨʸʰʹ ʹʰʩʸ˃ʴʬ ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ ˂ʴʵʩʰʬʸʬʩʰʹ ˀʬʹʨˆʬʩ,
ʸʵʳʬʲʹʨ˂ ʳˆʵʲʵʫ ʳʰ˄ʰʬʸʰ ˂ʵʫʴʰʯ ʭʬʸʨʭʰʴ ˁʨʹ˄ʭʫʬʩʨ. ʬʹ ʰʳ
ʾʭʯʰʭʱʻʸʯˆʬʻʲʯʨ ˆʭʬʫʸʰʨ, ʭʰʹʨ˂ ˄ʳʰʴʫʨ ʶʰʸʵʭʴʬʩʨʹʯʨʴ
ʻʸʯʰʬʸʯʵʩʰʹ ʹʨˀʻʨʲʬʩʨ ʳʰʬ˂ʨ. ˄ʳʰʴʫʨ ʬʸʯʪʻʲʰ
ʹʨʳʹʨˆʻʸʰʯʨ ʫʨ ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ ˄ʿʨʲʵʩʰʯ ʶʰʸʵʭʴʬʩʰʹ ˂ʵʫʴʨ
ʸʬʨʲʰʮʬʩʻʲʰʨ - ʰʪʰ ʹʸʻʲʿʵʼʰʲʬʩʨʹ ʨʮʰʨʸʬʩʹ ʨʫʨʳʰʨʴʹ.
ʺʸʨʴʹ˂ʬʴʫʬʴʺʻʸʰ ˂ʵʫʴʨ ʳʿʨʸʰʨ, ʨʱʨʫʬʳʰʻʸʰ ˂ʵʫʴʨ ʱʰ
ʳʰʳʵʽ˂ʬʭʨʫʰ. ʨʹʬʯʰ ˂ʵʫʴʰʯ ʱʨ˂ʰ ʨʫʭʰʲʨʫ ʬʽ˂ʬʭʨ ʰʲʻʮʰʰʹ
ʩʨʫʬˀʰ ʫʨ ʺʿʻʭʫʬʩʨ ʳʵˁʭʬʴʬʩʰʯʰ ˄ʰʴʨʨʾʳʫʬʪʵʩʬʩʰʹ ˀʬʳʿʻʸʬ,
ʳˆʵʲʵʫ ʸʬʨʲʰʮʬʩʻʲʰ ʹʻʲʰ ʳʨʸʯʨʭʹ ʹʨʱʻʯʨʸ ʯʨʭʹ, ʸʨʫʪʨʴ
ʳʨʹ ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹʨʫʳʰ ʴʫʵʩʨ ˈʳʨʺʬʩʹ ʸ˄ʳʬʴʨʹ.
ʺʸʨʴʹ˂ʬʴʫʬʴʺʻʸ ʹʨʼʬˆʻʸʮʬ ʫʨʫʪʰʴʬʩʻʲʹ ʨʸʨʼʬʸʰ ʨʽʭʹ
ʹʨʬʸʯʵ ʹʨʬʸʵ ʳʬ˂ʴʰʬʸʬʩʨʹʯʨʴ, ʳʰʹʯʭʰʹ ʳʰ˄ʰʬʸ ʹʨ˃ʰʸʱʭʬʲʮʬ
ʫʨˀʬʴʬʩʻʲ ˂ʵʫʴʨʹʨ ʫʨ ʪʨʴʹˇʨʹ ʰʪʰʭʬ ʼʨʹʰ ʨʽʭʹ, ʸʨ˂ ʽʭʰʹ
ʱʬʴ˅ʬʩʹ, ʯʻʳ˂ ʹˆʭʬʩʹ ˀʬʰ˃ʲʬʩʨ ʵʽʸʵʫʨ˂ ʳʰʨˁʴʫʬʯ ʰʹʰʴʰ.
ʲʬʽʹʰ 9
ʹʻʲʰʬʸʨʫ ʨʳʨʾʲʬʩʻʲʰ ʬʸʯʴʨʰʸʨʫ ʨʾʰʽʭʨʳʹ ʶʨʺʰʵʹʨʴʹ,
ʱʬʯʰʲʰʹʳʹʻʸʭʬʲʹ, ʳʵʿʭʨʸʻʲʹ, ʳʵ˄ʰʴʨʨʾʳʫʬʪʬʹ, ʳʺʸʰʹ
ʳʹʺʵʭʨʸʹ, ʳʬˀʻʸʴʬʹ, ʳʬʪʵʩʨʸʹʨ ʫʨ ʫʻˀʳʨʴʹ, ʾʭʯʰʹʳʵʹʨʭʹʨ ʫʨ
ʾʭʯʰʹʳʪʳʵʩʬʲʹ...
ʲʬʽʹʰ 10
ʾʳʬʸʯʰʹ ʫʰʫʬʩʨʹ ʴʨʮʰʨʸʬʩʳʨ ʶʰʸʵʭʴʬʩʨʳ ʯʨʭʰʹʰ ʹˆʬʻʲʰ, ˅ʱʻʨ
ʫʨ ʹʻʲʰ ʴʰʨʫʨʪ ʻʮʬʴʨʬʹʰʹʨʱʬʴ ʻʴʫʨ ʳʰʳʨʸʯʵʹ ʫʨ ʳʨʹ
ʨʳʹʨˆʻʸʵʹ. ʳʨʴ ʬʻʲʨʫ ʻʴʫʨ ʰ˂ˆʵʭʸʵʹ ʻʫʨʩʻʸ ʨʫʪʰʲʨʹ,
ʪʻʲʫʨʹʳʰʯ ʳʨʸʯʵʹ ʹʨʱʻʯʨʸʰ ʯʨʭʰ ʫʨ ʪʨʴʻʫʪʬʹ ʭʴʬʩʰʹʳʰʬʸ
ʹʻʸʭʰʲʬʩʹʨ ʯʻ ʨʴʪʨʸʬʩʨ-ʳʬʹʨʱʻʯʸʬʵʩʰʹ ˄ʨʫʰʲʹ.
ˀʰʴʨ-ʨʸʹʰ. ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ ˀʬ˂ʴʵʩʨ ˆʫʬʩʨ ʹˆʭʨʫʨʹˆʭʨ ʹʨʼʬˆʻʸʬʩʨʫ:
ʩʸʨˈʳʨʴʰʹ, ʶʨʸʨʳʨʺʳʨʹʨ ʫʨ ʻʮʬʴʨʬʹʰ ʾʳʸʯʨʬʩʸʰʭʰ ʶʰʸʵʭʴʬʩʰʹ
ʹʨˆʰʯ.
ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ ˂ʴʵʩʰʬʸʬʩʨ ʻʼʲʰʹ ʪʨʴʻ˄ʿʭʬʺʬʲ ʺʸʨʴʹ˂ʬʴʫʬʴʺʻʸ
ʳʹʨˆʻʸʬʩʨʹ ʴʰˀʴʨʭʹ, ʳʨʪʸʨʳ ʰʹʰʴʰ˂, ʭʰʹʨ˂ ʻʶʰʸʵʭʴʵ ʩʸʨˈʳʨʴʰ ʨʴ

8

Tavi meeqvse – dhiana-ioga

ʮʬʹʻʲʰ ʶʨʸʨʳʨʺʳʨ ʰʮʰʫʨʭʯ, ʴʨ˄ʰʲʵʩʸʰʭ ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ ˂ʴʵʩʰʬʸʬʩʨʹ
ʨʸʰʨʴ ʳʰʴʫʵʩʰʲʴʰ. ʻʶʰʸʵʭʴʵ ʩʸʨˈʳʨʴʰ ˆʵʳ ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ ʹʻʲʰʬʸʰ
ʴʨʯʬʩʨʨ, ʮʬʹʻʲʰ ʱʰ ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ ʿʵʭʲʰʹʪʨʳ˅ʵʲʰ ʴʨ˄ʰʲʵʩʸʰʭʰ
ʪʨʳʵʭʲʰʴʬʩʨ.
ʨʳʪʭʨʸʨʫ, ʰʳʶʬʸʹʵʴʨʲʰʹʺʰ˂ʨ ʫʨ ʳʬʫʰʺʨ˂ʰʰʹ ʳʰʳʫʬʭʨʸʰ˂
ʨʸʨʶʰʸʨʫʶʰʸ ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ ˂ʴʵʩʰʬʸʬʩʨʹ ʨʸʰʨʴ ˀʬʼʨʸʬʩʻʲʴʰ.
ʻˀʻʨʲʵʫ ʨʳ ˂ʴʵʩʰʬʸʬʩʨˀʰ ʳʿʵʼʰ ʶʰʸʵʭʴʬʩʨ ʻʳʨʾʲʬʹʰ
ʺʸʨʴʹ˂ʬʴʫʬʴʺʰʹʺʰʨ, ʸʨʫʪʨʴ ʨʹʬʯʳʨ ʬʸʯʪʻʲʳʨ ʱʨʸʪʨʫ ʰ˂ʰʹ
ʩʸʨˈʳʨʴʰʹʨ ʫʨ ʶʨʸʨʳʨʺʳʨʹ ʳʴʰˀʭʴʬʲʵʩʨ. ʨʩʹʵʲʻʺʻʸʰ
˅ʬˀʳʨʸʰʺʬʩʰʹ ˀʬʹʨˆʬʩ ʳʨʯʰ ˂ʵʫʴʨ ʹʸʻʲʿʵʼʰʲʰʨ,
ʰʳʶʬʸʹʵʴʨʲʰʹʺʬʩʰʹʨ ʫʨ ʳʬʫʰʺʨ˂ʰʰʯ ʫʨʱʨʭʬʩʻʲʰ ʰʵʪʬʩʰʹ
˂ʵʫʴʨ ʱʰ ʬʸʯʵʩ ʴʨʱʲʻʲʰ.
ʳʰʻˆʬʫʨʭʨʫ ʨʳʰʹʨ, ʨʽ ʳʵ˂ʬʳʻʲʰ ʳʰʯʰʯʬʩʨʴʰ ʿʭʬʲʨ
ʳʨʯʪʨʴʰʹʯʭʰʹʨʨ ʪʨʯʭʨʲʰʹ˄ʰʴʬʩʻʲʰ - ʰʹʰʴʰ ʳʵʴʫʵʳʬʩʰʯ ʻʴʫʨ
ʪʨˈʿʭʴʬʴ ʯʨʭʰʨʴʯ ʨʸˁʬʻʲ ʪʮʨʹ, ʸʨʯʨ ʨʫʸʬ ʯʻ ʪʭʰʨʴ ʻʮʬʴʨʬʹ
ʻʼʨʲʹ ʬʮʰʨʸʵʴ. ʻʶʰʸʭʬʲʹʨʫ, ˅ʱʻʨ ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹʱʬʴ ʻʴʫʨ
ʳʰʳʨʸʯʵʴ, ʫʨʷʰʴʬʩʰʯ ʳʨʹʮʬ ʰʼʰʽʸʵʴ, ˄ʨʳʰʯʨ˂ ʨʸ ʳʵʨʫʻʴʵʴ
ʿʻʸʨʫʾʬʩʨ.
ʻʮʬʴʨʬʹʮʬ ˂ʴʵʩʰʬʸʬʩʰʹ ʱʵʴ˂ʬʴʺʸʨ˂ʰʨʹ ʹʨʳʨʫˈʰ, ʨʴʻ ʺʸʨʴʹʰ
ʬ˄ʵʫʬʩʨ. ʨʳʰʹ ʳʰʹʨʾ˄ʬʭʨʫ ʨʫʨʳʰʨʴʰ ʳʻʫʨʳ ʳʨʸʺʵʹʻʲʨʫ ʻʴʫʨ
˂ˆʵʭʸʵʩʫʬʹ - ʿʭʬʲʨʹʨʪʨʴ ʫʨ ʿʭʬʲʨʼʸʰʹʨʪʨʴ ʪʨʴʸʰʫʬʩʻʲʰ;
ʫʰʫʰ ʹʰʼʸʯˆʰʲʰʯ ʻʴʫʨ ˀʬʨʸˁʰʵʹ ʨʫʪʰʲʰ, ʶʰʸʵʩʬʩʰ ʫʨ
ʮʻʸʪʰ ʨʽ˂ʰʵʹ ʳʨʯ; ʸʨ˂ ʪʨʸʰʴʫʬʩʨˀʰ ˆʬʲʹ ˀʬʻˀʲʰʹ.
ʯʭʰʯˁʨʾʸʳʨʭʬʩʰʹ ʶʸʵ˂ʬʹˀʰ ʳʬʫʪʸʨʫ ʻʴʫʨ ʨʾʻʫʪʬʹ ˄ʰʴ
ʹʨʱʻʯʨʸ ʲʺʵʲʭʨʹ ʨʳʨʵʬʩʰʹʨʱʬʴ - ʳʨʺʬʸʰʨʲʻʸʰ ˆʰʩʲʰʹʨ ʫʨ
˂ʯʻʴʬʩʰʹʨʱʬʴ, ʸʨʯʨ ʨʸ ʨʾʰ˃ʸʨʹ ʳʰʹ ˀʬʪʴʬʩʨˀʰ ˄ʻʯʰʹʵʼʲʰʹ
ʺʿʭʬʫʽʳʴʰʹ ʹʻʸʭʰʲʰ.
ʸʵʫʬʹʨ˂ ʶʰʸʵʭʴʬʩʨ ʻˀʻʨʲʵʫ ʳʰʴʫʵʩʰʲʰʨ ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ
˂ʴʵʩʰʬʸʬʩʨʹ, ʹʸʻʲʿʵʼʰʲʬʩʨʹ ʨʾ˄ʬʭʹ ʫʨ ˀʬʻʽ˂ʬʭʨʫʨʫ
ʨʹʸʻʲʬʩʹ ʻʼʲʰʹ ʿʭʬʲʨ ʳʰʯʰʯʬʩʨʹ. ʨʹʬʯʰ ʶʰʸʵʭʴʬʩʨ ʨˆʬʸˆʬʩʹ
ʯʭʰʯʨʾʱʭʬʯʨʹ, ʨʴʻ ʳʰʹʯʭʰʹ ʨʾʨʸ ʨʸʹʬʩʵʩʹ ˆʵʸ˂ʰʬʲʰ ʭʴʬʩʬʩʰʹ
ʪʨʳʵʾʭʰ˃ʬʩʰʹ ʹʨˀʰˀʸʵʬʩʨ. ˀʸʰʲʨ ʸʻʶʨ ʪʵʹʭʨʳʰ ʨʹʬ ʨˆʨʹʰʨʯʬʩʹ
ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ ˂ʴʵʩʰʬʸʬʩʨʹ:

9

Tavi meeqvse – dhiana-ioga

"ʸʵʫʬʹʨ˂ ʨʫʨʳʰʨʴʰ ʨʸ ʨʸʰʹ ʳʰˇʨ˅ʭʻʲʰ ʸʨʰʳʬʮʬ, ʳʨʪʸʨʳ ʨʳʨʭʬ
ʫʸʵʹ ʾʬʩʻʲʵʩʹ ʿʭʬʲʨʼʬʸʹ, ʸʨ˂ ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹʯʨʴ ʨʸʰʹ
ʫʨʱʨʭˀʰʸʬʩʻʲʰ, ʹ˄ʵʸʨʫ ʰʽ˂ʬʭʨ - ʰʹ ʻʱʭʬ ʳʨʾʲʨ ʫʪʨʹ
ʳʬʹʨʱʻʯʸʬʵʩʨ-ʨʴʪʨʸʬʩʰʹ ʹʨ˂ʯʻʸʮʬ. ʳʬʵʸʬ ʳˆʸʰʭ, ʰʹ, ʭʰʴ˂
ʿʭʬʲʨʼʬʸʹ ʻʨʸʿʵʼʹ ʯʨʭʰʹʰ ʻʳʬ˂ʸʬʩʰʹ ʪʨʳʵ, ʹʸʻʲʿʵʼʰʲ
ʪʨʴʫʬʪʰʲʵʩʨʹ ʭʬʸ ʬʾʰʸʹʬʩʨ" ("ʩˈʨʱʺʰ-ʸʨʹʨʳʸʰʺʨ-ʹʰʴʫˈʻ"
2.215-216).
ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ ˂ʴʵʩʰʬʸʳʨ ʱʨʸʪʨʫ ʰ˂ʰʹ, ʸʵʳ ʹʨʳʿʨʸʵˀʰ ʿʭʬʲʨʼʬʸʰ
ʻʼʲʰʹ ʱʻʯʭʴʰʲʰʨ, ʨʳʰʺʵʳ ʳʨʹ ʳʬʹʨʱʻʯʸʬʵʩʰʹ ʪʸ˃ʴʵʩʰʹ
ʻʴʨʸʰ ʫʨˆˀʻʲʰ ʨʽʭʹ, ʹʨʯʨʭʰʹʵʫ ʨʾʨʸʨʼʬʸʹ ʬʲʺʭʰʹ; ʰ˂ʰʹ,
ʸʵʪʵʸ ʪʨʻʾʵʹ ʪʻʲʰʹʱʨʸʰ ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ ˂ʴʵʩʰʬʸʬʩʰʹʨʯʭʰʹ
ʹʨʹʰʱʬʯʵʹ ʫʨ ʸʵʪʵʸ ʪʨʴʨʪʫʵʹ ʻʨʸʹʨʿʵʼʬʲʰ; ʳʰ˄ʰʬʸʰ
ʹʨʪʴʵʩʸʰʵʩʰʹ ʳʰʾʳʨ ʳʿʵʼʰ ʳʻʫʨʳ ʺʸʨʴʹ˂ʬʴʫʬʴʺʻʸ
ʹʨʼʬˆʻʸʮʬʨ ʨʾʳʨʸʯʻʲʰ; ʳʨʸʨʫʰʻʲʰ ʳʨʸʺʵʹʻʲʰʨ, ʸʨʫʪʨʴ
ʨʾʨʸʨʼʬʸʰ ʨʽʭʹ ʹʨʬʸʯʵ ʳʨʯʯʨʴ, ʭʰʴ˂ ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ ʹˆʰʭʵʹʴʬʩʰʹ
ʪʨʸʬʯ ʨʸʰʹ.
ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ ˂ʴʵʩʰʬʸʬʩʨʹ ʴʨʮʰʨʸʬʩʰ ʶʰʸʵʭʴʬʩʨ ʹʸʻʲʿʵʼʰʲʰ
ʰʵʪʰʨ.
ʲʬʽʹʬʩʰ 11-12
ʰʵʪʨʹ ˀʬʹʨʹʸʻʲʬʩʲʨʫ ʨʫʨʳʰʨʴʳʨ ʻʱʨ˂ʰʸʬʲ ʨʫʪʰʲʹ ʻʴʫʨ
ʳʰʳʨʸʯʵʹ, ʳʰ˄ʨʮʬ ʫʨʨʼʰʴʵʹ ʩʨʲʨˆʰ ʱʻˀʨ, ʮʬʫ ʰʸʳʰʹ ʺʿʨʭʰ ʫʨ
ʸʩʰʲʰ ʸʨʳ ʽʹʵʭʰʲʰ ʪʨʫʨʨʼʨʸʵʹ. ʨʫʪʰʲʰ ˄ʳʰʴʫʨ ʫʨ
ˀʬʻʩʾʨʲʨʭʰ ʻʴʫʨ ˀʬʨʸˁʰʵʹ, ʫʨʹʨˇʫʵʳʰ ʳʵʹʨˆʬʸˆʬʩʬʲʰ
ʳʵʰʳʮʨʫʵʹ - ʨʸ˂ ˃ʨʲʰʨʴ ʳʨʾʨʲʰ, ʨʸ˂ ˃ʨʲʰʨʴ ʫʨʩʨʲʰ. ʳʨʹʮʬ
ˁʨʰʳʻˆʲʵʹ ʫʨ ʪʻʲʫʨʹʳʰʯ ˀʬʻʫʪʬʹ ʰʵʪʨʹ ˀʬʹʸʻʲʬʩʨʹ:
ʯʨʴʫʨʯʨʴʵʩʰʯ, ʫʨʫʰʴˇʬʩʰʯ ʪʨʴʰ˄ʳʰʴʫʵʹ ʪʻʲʰ; ˅ʱʻʨ,
ʪʸ˃ʴʵʩʬʩʰ ʫʨ ʽ˂ʬʭʨ ʫʨʻʳʵʸˁʰʲʵʹ ʯʨʭʰʹ ʴʬʩʨʹ ʫʨ ˂ʴʵʩʰʬʸʬʩʨ
ʬʸʯ ˄ʬʸʺʰʲʹ ʳʰʨʩˇʰʴʵʹ.
ˀʰʴʨ-ʨʸʹʰ. "˄ʳʰʴʫʨʫ" ʳʵʰˆʹʬʴʰʬʩʨ ʳ˄ʰʸʵʩʰʹ ʨʫʪʰʲʬʩʰ
ʰʴʫʵʬʯˀʰ. ʰʵʪʬʩʰ ʺʵʭʬʩʬʴ ʹʨˆʲʬʩʹ, ʵˇʨˆʬʩʹ ʫʨ ʳʰʬˀʻʸʬʩʰʨʴ
ʰʹʬʯ ʩʰ˄ʰʬʸʬʩʨˀʬʻˆʬʩʬʲ ʨʫʪʰʲʬʩˀʰ, ʸʵʪʵʸʰ˂ʨʨ ʶʸʨʰʨʪʨ,
ʳʨʯˈʻʸʨ, ʭʸʰʴʫʨʭʨʴʰ, ˈʸʰˀʰʱʬˀʨ ʫʨ ˈʨʸʫʭʨʸʰ - ʨʳ ʨʫʪʰʲʬʩʹ ʱʰ

10

Tavi meeqvse – dhiana-ioga

˄ʳʰʴʫʨ ʳʫʰʴʨʸʬʬʩʰ: ʰʨʳʻʴʨ ʫʨ ʪʨʴʪʨ ˁʨʳʵʻʫʰʹ. ʰʽ ʿʭʬʲʨʹʨ ʫʨ
ʿʵʭʲʰʹʨʪʨʴ ʪʨʴʸʰʫʬʩʻʲʴʰ ʰʵʪʨʹ ˀʬʹʸʻʲʬʩʨʹ ʰ˄ʿʬʩʬʴ.
ˆˀʰʸʨʫ, ʪʨʴʹʨʱʻʯʸʬʩʰʯ ʫʨʹʨʭʲʬʯʰʹ ʽʭʬʿʴʬʩʰʹ
ʳʱʭʰʫʸʯʨʯʭʰʹ ʨʳʰʹ ʪʨʴˆʵʸ˂ʰʬʲʬʩʨ ˀʬʻ˃ʲʬʩʬʲʰʨ. ʫʰʫ
ʽʨʲʨʽʬʩˀʰ ʰʵʪʨʹ ʹʨʮʵʪʨʫʵʬʩʬʩʹ ʽʳʴʰʨʴ, ʫʰʫ ʽʵʴʬʩʸʰʭ
ʹʨʸʪʬʩʬʲʹʨ˂ ʴʨˆʻʲʵʩʬʴ, ʳʨʪʸʨʳ ʴʨʳʫʭʰʲʰ ʰʵʪʨʹʨʪʨʴ ˃ʨʲʰʨʴ
ˀʵʸʹ ʨʸʰʨʴ. ʯʭʰʯʱʵʴʺʸʵʲʰʹʨ ʫʨ ʫʨ˄ʿʴʨʸʬʩʻʲʰ ˅ʱʻʰʹ ʪʨʸʬˀʬ
ʳʬʫʰʺʨ˂ʰʨ ʨʸ ʳʰʰʾ˄ʬʭʨ. ʨʳʰʺʵʳ "ʩʸʰˈʨʴ-ʴʨʸʨʫʰʨ ʶʻʸʨʴʨˀʰ"
ʴʨʯʽʭʨʳʰʨ: ʱʨʲʰ-ʰʻʪʨˀʰ (ʯʨʴʨʳʬʫʸʵʭʬ ʰʻʪʨˀʰ-ʬʶʵʽʨˀʰ)
ʨʫʨʳʰʨʴʯʨ ˆʨʴʳʵʱʲʬ ʹʰ˂ʵ˂ˆʲʰʹ, ʫʻʴʬ ʹʻʲʰʬʸʰ
ʪʨʴʭʰʯʨʸʬʩʰʹʨ ʫʨ ʪʨʴʻ˄ʿʭʬʺʬʲʰ ˀʼʵʯʭʨ-ʫʸʺʭʰʴʭʰʹ ʫʸʵʹ
ʹʻʲʰʬʸʰ ʯʭʰʯʫʨʫʪʰʴʬʩʰʹ ʹʨʻʱʬʯʬʹʵ ʫʨ ʻ˂ʯʵʳʬʲʰ ʪʮʨ
ʻʼʲʰʹ ˄ʳʰʴʫʨ ʹʨˆʬʲʰʹ ʪʨʲʵʩʨʨ:
"ʵʳʬʩʰʹʨ ʫʨ ʶʰʸʳʵʯʴʬʵʩʰʹ ʫʾʬʭʨʴʫʬʹ ʬʶʵʽʨˀʰ ˆʹʴʰʹ
ʬʸʯʨʫʬʸʯʰ ʪʮʨ ʻʼʲʰʹ ˄ʳʰʴʫʨ ʹʨˆʬʲʰʹ ʪʨʲʵʩʨʨ - ʹˆʭʨ ʪʮʨ ʨʸ
ʨʸʹʬʩʵʩʹ! ʹˆʭʨ ʪʮʨ ʨʸ ʨʸʹʬʩʵʩʹ! ʹˆʭʨ ʪʮʨ ʨʸ ʨʸʹʬʩʵʩʹ!"
ʲʬʽʹʬʩʰ 13-14
ʰʵʪʨʹ ˀʬʳʹʸʻʲʬʩʬʲʳʨ ʺʨʴʰ, ʱʰʹʬʸʰ ʫʨ ʯʨʭʰ ʬʸʯʳʨʴʬʯʰʹ
ʹ˄ʵʸʨʫ, ʪʨʳʨʸʯʻʲʨʫ ʻʴʫʨ ʫʨʰ˅ʰʸʵʹ ʫʨ ˇʰʻʺʨʫ ʳʰʨˁʬʸʫʬʹ
˂ˆʭʰʸʰʹ ˄ʭʬʸʹ. ʯʨʴʫʨʯʨʴ ʫʨʰ˂ˆʸʵʹ ˀʼʵʯʭʨ, ʫʨʰʳʵʸˁʰʲʵʹ
˅ʱʻʨ, ʪʨʴʰʪʫʵʹ ˀʰˀʰ, ʪʻʲʰ ʨʸ ʪʨʬʽ˂ʬʹ ˆʵʸ˂ʰʬʲʰ ʺʱʩʵʩʰʹʨʱʬʴ ʨʹʬ ʨʾʰʭʹʬʩʨ ʰʪʰ ˁʬʳʮʬ ʼʰʽʸʰʯ ʫʨ ʹʰ˂ʵ˂ˆʲʰʹ ʹʨʩʵʲʵʵ
ʳʰʮʴʨʫʨ˂ ʳʬ ʫʨʳʰʹʨˆʨʭʹ.
ˀʰʴʨ-ʨʸʹʰ. ʹʰ˂ʵ˂ˆʲʰʹ ʳʰʮʨʴʰ ʨʸʰʹ ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ ˀʬ˂ʴʵʩʨ, ʸʵʳʬʲʰ˂
ʿʭʬʲʨ ʹʻʲʫʪʳʻʲʰʹ ʪʻʲˀʰ ʶʨʸʨʳʨʺʳʨʹ - ʵʯʯˆʬʲʰʨʴʰ ʭʰˀʴʻʹ
ʹʨˆʰʯ ʹʻʼʬʭʹ. ʰʵʪʨʹ ʶʸʨʽʺʰʱʨ˂ ʹˆʭʨʹ ʨʸʨʼʬʸʹ ʰʹʨˆʨʭʹ ʳʰʮʴʨʫ,
ʯʻ ʨʸʨ ʭʰˀʴʻʹ ʫʨʫʪʰʴʬʩʻʲʰ ʼʵʸʳʰʹ ˆʰʲʭʨʹʨ ʫʨ ˀʬ˂ʴʵʩʨʹ.
ʭʰˀʴʻ-ʳʻʸʺʰ ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ ʹʸʻʲʰ ʪʨʳʵʭʲʰʴʬʩʨʨ, ʸʵʳʬʲʰ˂
˂ʵ˂ˆʨʲʰ ʨʸʹʬʩʬʩʰʹ ʪʻʲˀʰ ʳʱʭʰʫʸʵʩʹ. ʪʨʸʰʴʫʬʩʰʹ ʶʸʵ˂ʬʹˀʰ
ʭʰʹ ʳʰʮʨʴʹʨ˂ ʭʰˀʴʻ-ʳʻʸʺʰʹ ˀʬ˂ʴʵʩʨ ʨʸ ˄ʨʸʳʵʨʫʪʬʴʹ, ʰʵʪʨʹ
ʳʵˁʭʬʴʬʩʰʯʰ ˀʬʹʸʻʲʬʩʰʯ ʨʳʨʵʫ ʫʨˀʭʸʬʩʨ.

11

Tavi meeqvse – dhiana-ioga

ʱʸʰˀʴʨ ʹʰ˂ʵ˂ˆʲʰʹ ʹʨʩʵʲʵʵ ʳʰʮʨʴʰʨ, ˆʵʲʵ ʨʫʨʳʰʨʴʰʹ
ʪʻʲˀʰ ʳʿʵʼʰ ʭʰˀʴʻ-ʳʻʸʺʰʹ ˆʰʲʭʨ - ʰʵʪʨʹ ˄ʭʸʯʰʹʨ. ʭʰˀʴʻʳʻʸʺʰʹ ʨʾʹʨʽʳʬʲʨʫ ʶʰʸʵʭʴʬʩʨ ʹʨʬʸʯʵʫ ʻʴʫʨ ʪʨʴʬʸʰʫʵʹ
ʹʽʬʹʵʩʸʰʭ ʻʸʯʰʬʸʯʵʩʨʹ, ʳʰʨʺʵʭʵʹ ʵˇʨˆʰ, ʻʱʨ˂ʸʰʬʲ
ʨʫʪʰʲʮʬ ʳʨʸʺʵʫʳʨʸʺʵ ʰ˂ˆʵʭʸʵʹ ʫʨ ʳʰʬ˂ʬʹ ʪʨʸʰʴʫʬʩʨʹ ʸʵʪʵʸ˂ ʮʬʳʵʯ ʨʾʭ˄ʬʸʬʯ, ʰˇʫʬʹ ʯʨʭʰʹ ʯʨʭˀʰ ˁʨ˃ʰʸʻʲʰ ʫʨ
ʻʼʨʲʮʬ ʿʻʸʨʫʾʬʩʨ ʫʨʻʴˇʬʩʻʲʰ. ʹʨʫ ʪʨʪʵʴʰʲʨ, ʱʨ˂ʰ ˀʰʴ ʫʨ
ʪʨʸʬʯ ʹʬʽʹʻʨʲʻʸ ʺʱʩʵʩʨʹ ʨʸ ʰʱʲʬʩʫʬʹ, ʬʪʸʬʯ˄ʵʫʬʩʻʲ
ʰʵʪʨʹ ʳʬ˂ʨʫʰʴʬʵʩʬʩʹʨ˂ ʬʹ˄ʸʬʩʵʫʬʹ ʫʨ ʴʨʳʭʫʰʲʰ ʰʵʪʰ
ʪʨˆʫʬʹ?! ˅ʱʻʰʹ ʳʨʸʯʭʨ, ʿʵʭʬʲʪʭʨʸʰ ʪʸ˃ʴʵʩʰʹ
ʫʨʱʳʨʿʵʼʰʲʬʩʰʹ ʨʾʱʭʬʯʨ, ʪʨʴʹʨʱʻʯʸʬʩʰʯ ˆʵʸ˂ʰʬʲʰ
ʹʰʨʳʺʱʩʰʲʵʩʰʹʨ - ʨʰ, ʸʨ ʳʵʬʯˆʵʭʬʩʨ ˅ʬˀʳʨʸʰʺ ʰʵʪʹ.
ʫʰʫʰ ʩʸ˃ʬʴʰʹ ʰʨˇʴʨʭʨʲʱʰʨʹ ʳʰʬʸ ˁʨʳʵʿʨʲʰʩʬʩʻʲʰ
ʨʹʱʬʺʰʮʳʰʹ ˄ʬʹʬʩˀʰ ʴʨʯʽʭʨʳʰʨ:
"ʩʸʨˈʳʨˁʨʸʰ ʨʾʯʽʳʨʹ ʫʬʩʹ, ʫʨʬˆʳʨʸʵʹ ʨʫʨʳʰʨʴʹ ʨʭˆʵʸ˂ʵʩʰʹ,
ʳʨʹʯʨʴ ʫʨʱʨʭˀʰʸʬʩʻʲʰ ʹʰʺʿʭʬʩʰʹʨ ʯʻ ʼʰʽʸʰʹʨʪʨʴ
ʯʨʭˀʬʱʨʭʬʩʨˀʰ - ʴʬʩʰʹʳʰʬʸ ʫʸʵʹ, ʴʬʩʰʹʳʰʬʸ ʭʰʯʨʸʬʩʨˀʰ,
ʴʬʩʰʹʳʰʬʸ ʨʫʪʰʲʮʬ."
ʨʭˆʵʸ˂ʻʲʰ ʳʹʻʴʨʪʵʩʰʯ ʰʵʪʨʹ ˄ʬʹʰʹʨʳʬʩʸ ʭʬʸʨʭʰʴ
ˀʬʨʹʸʻʲʬʩʹ.
ʩʸʨˈʳʨˁʨʸʰʨ ʰʹ˄ʨʭʲʬʩʨ ʩʨʭˀʭʵʩʰʫʨʴʭʬ, ʸʵ˂ʨ ʳʨʹ ˄ʿʭʰʲʯʨ
ʹʰʨˆʲʵʭʰʹʨ ʨʸʨʼʬʸʰ ʪʨʬʪʬʩʨ. ˆʻʯʰ ˄ʲʰʹ ʨʹʨʱˀʰ ʩʨʭˀʭʬʩʹ
ʨʪʮʨʭʴʰʨʴ ʪʻʸʻʱʻʲʨˀʰ, ʨʴʻ ʹʻʲʰʬʸʰ ʳʵ˃ʾʭʸʰʹ ʹʨˆʲˀʰ, ʹʨʫʨ˂
ʩʰ˅ʬʩʰ ʩʸʨˈʳʨˁʨʸʰʨʹ ʳʱʨ˂ʸʰ ˄ʬʹʬʩʰʯ ʰ˄ʭʸʯʬʩʰʨʴ. ʨʳʰʹ ʪʨʸʬˀʬ
ʭʬʸʨʴʨʰʸʰ ʰʵʪʨ ʭʬʸ ʫʨʹʸʻʲʫʬʩʨ ˄ʨʸʳʨʺʬʩʰʯ - ʰʽʴʬʩʨ ʬʹ
ʫˈʰʨʴʨ, ˇʴʨʴʨ ʯʻ ʩˈʨʱʺʰ.
ʩʸʨˈʳʨˁʨʸʰ ʨʸʰʹ ʰʹ, ʭʰʴ˂ ʵˇʨˆʻʸʰ ˂ˆʵʭʸʬʩʰʹ ˄ʬʹʬʩʹ ʰ˂ʨʭʹ ʫʨ
ʳʨʳʸʻʲʰ ʪʻʲʰʹʯʽʳʰʯ ʳˆʵʲʵʫ ʯʨʭʰʹ ˂ʵʲʹ ʻʱʨʭˀʰʸʫʬʩʨ
(ʰʹʰ˂, ʸʨ ʯʽʳʨ ʻʴʫʨ, ʮʵʳʰʬʸʨʫ). ʩˈʨʱʺʰʹ ʹʱʵʲʨˀʰ ʨʹʬʯʰ
ʯʨʭˀʬʱʨʭʬʩʻʲʰ ʩʸʨˈʳʨˁʨʸʰ ˀʬʰ˃ʲʬʩʨ ʳʰʰʾʵʴ, ʳʨʪʸʨʳ ˇʴʨʴʨʹʨ
ʫʨ ʫˈʰʨʴʨʹ ʹʱʵʲʬʩˀʰ ʰʹʰʴʰ ʭʬʸ ʳʵˆʭʫʬʩʰʨʴ. ʬʹ ʵʸʰ ʹʱʵʲʨ
ʨʫʨʳʰʨʴʰʹʨʪʨʴ ʿʵʭʬʲʰʭʬ ˆʵʸ˂ʰʬʲʰ ʮʸʨˆʭʰʹ ʫʨʯʳʵʩʨʹʨ ʫʨ
ʳʱʨ˂ʸ ʯʨʭˀʬʱʨʭʬʩʨʹ ʳʵʰʯˆʵʭʹ.

12

Tavi meeqvse – dhiana-ioga

ʩˈʨʱʺʰʹ ʹʱʵʲʨˀʰ ʩʸʨˈʳʨˁʨʸʰʹ ʨʹʬʯʰ ʨʱʸ˃ʨʲʭʬʩʰ ʨʸ ʬ˃ʲʬʭʨ,
ʸʨʫʪʨʴ ʩˈʨʱʺʰ-ʰʵʪʨʹ ˃ʨʲʨ ʰʳʫʬʴʨʫ ʫʰʫʰʨ, ʸʵʳ ʻʼʲʰʹ ˄ʳʰʴʫʨ
ʳʹʨˆʻʸʬʩʰʹ ʫʸʵʹ ʶʰʸʵʭʴʬʩʨ ʯʨʭʰʹʯʨʭʨʫ ʱʨʸʪʭʨʹ ʳʫʬʫʸʰʹʨʱʬʴ
ʲʺʵʲʭʨʹ. "ʩˈʨʪʨʭʨʫ-ʪʰʺʨˀʰ" ʴʨʯʽʭʨʳʰʨ:
ʳʨˀʰʴ, ʸʵ˂ʨ ʹˆʭʬʩʰ ʨʰ˃ʻʲʬʩʬʴ ʯʨʭʹ, ʹʨʱʻʯʨʸʰ ʪʸ˃ʴʵʩʬʩʰʹ
ʳʵʴʵʩʨʹ ʮʻʸʪʰ ʨʽ˂ʰʵʴ, ʫʨˆʭʬ˄ʰʲʰ ʮʴʬʵʩʸʰʵʩʰʹ ʪʨʳʵ ʻʼʲʰʹ
ʬʸʯʪʻʲʰ ˃ʨʲʫʨʻʺʨʴʬʩʲʨʫ ʨˆʬʸˆʬʩʹ ʨʳʨʹ. ʨʹʬ ʪʨʴ˄ʳʬʴʫʰʲʰ,
ʨʳʨʾʲʬʩʻʲʰ ʩʻʴʬʩʨ, ʬʸʯʪʻʲʰʹ ʪʨʸʫʨ, ʹˆʭʬʩʰʹʨʯʭʰʹ ʻ˂ˆʵʨ.
ʭʰʪʨʺʨ-ʩˈʰˈ ʴʰˀʴʨʭʹ ˀʬʳʫʬʪʹ - ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ ˂ʴʵʩʰʬʸʬʩʰʹ ʹʸʻʲʨʫ
ʪʨʪʬʩʰʹ ʪʨʸʬˀʬ ʭʬʸ ʫʨʹ˃ʲʬʭʹ ˀʰˀʹ. ʨʳ ʳʺʨʴˇʭʬʲʰ
ʪʨʴʻ˄ʿʭʬʺʬʲʰ ˀʰˀʰʹ ʳʰʮʬʮʰ ʪʨʴʶʰʸʵʩʬʩʻʲʰ ʹʻʲʰʹ
ʪʨʻʱʻʾʳʨʸʯʬʩʻʲʰ ʳʬˆʹʰʬʸʬʩʨ ʫʨ ʻʼʨʲʯʨʴ ʳʨʸʨʫʰʻʲʰ
ʻʸʯʰʬʸʯʵʩʰʹ ʫʨʭʰ˄ʿʬʩʨʨ.
"ʩˈʨʪʨʭʨʺʨʳˀʰ" ʴʨʯʽʭʨʳʰʨ:
ˀʰˀʰʹ ʫʨʯʸʪʻʴʭʰʹ ʬʸʯʨʫʬʸʯʰ ʹʨˀʻʨʲʬʩʨ ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ
˂ʴʵʩʰʬʸʬʩʨʨ. ʨʳʰʺʵʳʨ˂ ˀʬʻ˃ʲʰʨ ʰʵʪʨʹ ʹʸʻʲʿʵʼʰʲʨʫ
ˀʬʹʸʻʲʬʩʨ ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ ˂ʴʵʩʰʬʸ ʶʰʸʵʭʴʬʩʨʹ. ʰʵʪʨʹ ʶʸʨʽʺʰʱʨ ˆʵʳ
ʹʨʩʵʲʵʵ ʳʰʮʴʨʫ ʹʨʱʻʯʨʸ ʪʻʲˀʰ ʻʼʲʰʹ ˅ʭʸʬʺʨʹ
ʪʻʲʰʹˆʳʵʩʹ, ʨʳʰʺʵʳʨ˂ ʰʹ, ʭʰʴ˂ ʨʳ ʾʭʯʰʻʸ ʻʴʨʸʹ ˀʬʰ˃ʬʴʹ, ʻʱʭʬ
ʪʨʳʵʸˁʬʻʲʰʨ ʰʵʪʯʨ ˀʵʸʰʹ - ʰʹ ʿʵʭʬʲ˄ʨʳʹ ʯʨʭʰʹ ʯʨʭˀʰ
ʪʸ˃ʴʵʩʹ ʫʨ ˆʬʫʨʭʹ ʻʼʨʲʹ.
ʨʽ ʳʵʺʨʴʰʲʰ ʰʵʪʨʹ ʹʰʹʺʬʳʰʹ ʶʸʰʴ˂ʰʶʬʩʰ ʫʰʫʨʫ
ʪʨʴʹˆʭʨʭʫʬʩʨ ʬʪʸʬʯ˄ʵʫʬʩʻʲʰ ʰʵʪʨʹ ʹʨʮʵʪʨʫʵʬʩʨʯʨ
ʳʻˀʨʵʩʰʹ ˄ʬʹʬʩʰʹʨ ʫʨ ʳʰʮʴʬʩʰʹʨʪʨʴ.
ʲʬʽʹʰ 15
ʨʳʪʭʨʸʨʫ, ʹˆʬʻʲʰʹ, ˂ʴʵʩʰʬʸʬʩʰʹʨ ʯʻ ʽ˂ʬʭʰʹ ʳʻʫʳʰʭʰ
ʫʨʳʵʸˁʰʲʬʩʰʯʨ ʫʨ ʳʨʸʯʭʰʯ ˄ʳʰʴʫʨ ʳʰʹʺʰʱʵʹʰ ʪʨʴʻʫʪʬʩʨ
ʳʨʺʬʸʰʨʲʻʸ ʿʵʼʨʹ, ʪʨʫʨʱʭʬʯʹ ʳʨʹʯʨʴ ʫʨʳʨʱʨʭˀʰʸʬʩʬʲ ʿʭʬʲʨ
˃ʨʼʹ ʫʨ ʾʳʬʸʯʰʹ ʹʨʹʻʼʬʭʬʲʨʳʫʬ - ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ ʹʨʭʨʴʬʳʫʬ
ʳʨʾʲʫʬʩʨ.
ˀʰʴʨ-ʨʸʹʰ. ʨʽ ʻʼʨʲʰ ʴʨʯʲʨʫ ʪʭʰˆʹʴʰʹ ʰʵʪʨʹ ˀʬʹʸʻʲʬʩʰʹ
ʹʨʩʵʲʵʵ ʳʰʮʨʴʹ - ʨʸʨ ʳʰ˄ʰʬʸʰ ʱʬʯʰʲʫʾʬʵʩʰʹ ʳʵʶʵʭʬʩʨʹ,

13

Tavi meeqvse – dhiana-ioga

ʨʸʨʳʬʫ ʳʰʹʪʨʴ ʪʨʴʫʪʵʳʨʹ, ʳʨʹʯʨʴ ʬʸʯˆʬʲ ʫʨ ʹʨʳʻʫʨʳʵʫ
ʱʨʭˀʰʸʰʹ ʪʨ˄ʿʭʬʺʨʹ.
"ʩˈʨʪʨʭʨʫ-ʪʰʺʨʹ" ʳʰˆʬʫʭʰʯ, ʰʵʪʰ ʭʬʸ ʰʽʴʬʩʨ ʰʹ, ʭʰʴ˂ ʰʵʪʨʹ
˄ʭʸʯʨʹ ʳʰʹʫʬʭʹ ˇʨʴʳʸʯʬʲʵʩʰʹ ʪʨʹʨʻʳˇʵʩʬʹʬʩʲʨʫ ʨʴ ʹˆʭʨ ʸʨʳ
ʹʨʸʪʬʩʲʰʹʨʯʭʰʹ. ʭʬʸ˂ ʻʩʸʨʲʵʫ ʹʰ˂ʵ˂ˆʲʰʹ ʫʨʹʨʹʸʻʲʹ
ʳʰʨʾ˄ʬʭʹ ʬ.˄. "ʹʰ˂ʨʸʰʬʲʬˀʰ" ˀʬʹʭʲʨʹ. ʨʹʬʯʰ ʸʨʳ ʮʾʨʶʨʸʰʨ!
ʻʼʲʰʹ ʳʰʬʸ ˀʬʽʳʴʰʲ, ʹʨʭʹʬ ʹʨʳʿʨʸʵˀʰ ʹʰ˂ʨʸʰʬʲʰʹ ʨʫʪʰʲʰ ʨʸ
ʨʸʰʹ; ʨʫʨʳʰʨʴʰ ʹʰ˂ʨʸʰʬʲʰʹ ʴʨ˂ʭʲʨʫ ʹʻʲʰʬʸ ʮʬ˂ʨˀʰ - ʻʼʲʰʹ
ʹʨʭʨʴʬˀʰ ˀʬʫʰʹ.
"ʩˈʨʪʨʭʨʫ-ʪʰʺʨˀʰ" ʴʨʯʲʨʫ ʨʸʰʹ ʨʾ˄ʬʸʰʲʰ ʾʭʯʰʹ
ʹʨʳʱʭʰʫʸʬʩʬʲʰ, ʸʵʪʵʸ˂ ʨʫʪʰʲʰ, ʹʨʫʨ˂ ʨʸ ʨʸʰʹ ʹʨ˅ʰʸʵ ʳʮʬ,
ʳʯʭʨʸʬ, ʬʲʬʽʺʸʵʩʨ... ʨʳ ʹʻʲʰʬʸ ʹʨʳʬʻʼʵˀʰ ʶʲʨʴʬʺʬʩʰ ʯʨʭʨʫ
ʨʼʬʴʬʴ ʹʰʴʨʯʲʬʹ. ʾʳʬʸʯʰʹ ʹʨʩʸ˃ʨʴʰʹʰ ʿʭʬʲʪʨʴʨʨ - ʿʵʭʬʲˀʰ ʫʨ
ʿʭʬʲʨʼʬʸˀʰ, ʳʨʪʸʨʳ ʹʻʲʰʬʸʰ ʮʬ˂ʨ ʫʨ ʶʲʨʴʬʺʬʩʰ ʳʨʰʴ˂ ʶʨʸʨʳ
ʫˈʨʳʨʫ - ʻʳʨʾʲʬʹ ʹʨʭʨʴʬʬʩʨʫ ʳʵʰˆʹʬʴʰʬʩʨ.
ʯʨʭʨʫ ʻʼʨʲʰ ʨʳʺʱʰ˂ʬʩʹ, ʸʵʳ ˅ʬˀʳʨʸʰʺ ʰʵʪʹ, ʸʵʳʬʲʳʨ˂
ʹʸʻʲʿʵʼʰʲʨʫ ˀʬʰ˂ʴʵ ʰʪʰ, ˀʬʻ˃ʲʰʨ ˈʶʵʭʵʹ ʴʨʳʫʭʰʲʰ
ʳˀʭʰʫʵʩʨ ʫʨ ʫʨʨʳʬʩʻʲʰ, ʫʨ˄ʿʴʨʸʬʩʻʲʰ ʪʵʴʬʩʰʯ ˀʬʨʾʵʹ
ʾʳʬʸʯʰʹ ʻʳʨʾʲʬʹʰ ʹʨʳʿʵʼʬʲʰʹ - ʪʵʲʵʱʨ ʭʸʰʴʫʨʭʨʴʰʹ, ʱʨʸʰ.
ʯʻʳ˂ʨ ʻʼʨʲʰ ʯʨʭʰʹ ʹʨʻʼʲʵˀʰ ʩʸ˃ʨʴʫʬʩʨ, ʹʨʱʻʯʨʸʰ
ʹʻʲʰʬʸʰ ˃ʨʲʳʵʹʰʲʬʩʰʹ ˄ʿʨʲʵʩʰʯ ʬʸʯʫʸʵʻʲʨʫ
ʿʵʭʲʰʹʪʨʳ˅ʵʲʰ ʩʸʨˈʳʨʴʰ˂ʨʨ ʫʨ ʨʸʹʬʩʨʯʨ ʪʻʲʬʩˀʰ
ʫʨʳʱʭʰʫʸʬʩʻʲʰ ʶʨʸʨʳʨʺʳʨ˂.
ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹʨ ʫʨ ʳʰʹʰ ʹʸʻʲʰ ʪʨʳʵʭʲʰʴʬʩʰʹ, ʭʰˀʴʻʹ, ˇʬʸʵʭʨʴʰ
ˀʬ˂ʴʵʩʰʹ ʪʨʸʬˀʬ ʭʬʸʨʭʰʴ ʳʰʨʾ˄ʬʭʹ ʹʻʲʰʬʸ ʮʬ˂ʨʹ - ʭʨʰʱʻʴʯˈʨʹ,
ʨʴ ʭʬʸʨʭʰʴ ˀʬˈʩʬʫʨʭʹ ʻʼʲʰʹ ʳʨʸʨʫʰʻʲ ʹʨʹʻʼʬʭʬʲʹ - ʪʵʲʵʱʨ
ʭʸʰʴʨʫʨʭʨʴʹ. ʨʳʰʺʵʳ ʭʰʴ˂ ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ ˂ʴʵʩʰʬʸʬʩʰʯ ʰʾ˄ʭʰʹ, ʴʰʨʫʨʪ
ʳʰʹʰ ʼʰʽʸʰ, ʮʸʨˆʭʨ, ʵ˂ʴʬʩʨ ʻʼʲʰʹʱʬʴ ʨʸʰʹ ʳʰʶʿʸʵʩʰʲʰ,
ʹʸʻʲʽʳʴʰʲʰ ʰʵʪʰʨ (ʹʨ ʭʨʰ ʳʨʴʨˈ ʱʸʰˀʴʨ ʶʨʫʨʸʨʭʰʴʫʨʰʵˈ).
ʭʬʫʬʩʰʫʨʴ ("ˀʭʬʺʨˀʭʨʺʨʸʨ ʻʶʨʴʰˀʨʫʰ" 3.8) ʭʰʪʬʩʯ: ʺʨʴ ʬʭʨ
ʭʰʫʨʺʭʨʺʰ ʳʸʰʺʰʻʳ ʬʺʰ - "ʫʨʩʨʫʬʩʨ-ʹʰʱʭʫʰʲʰʹ
˄ʸʬʩʸʻʴʭʰʫʨʴ ˂ʵ˂ˆʨʲʰ ʨʸʹʬʩʨ ʳˆʵʲʵʫ ʻʮʬʴʨʬʹ
ʾʳʸʯʨʬʩʸʰʰʭʰ ʶʰʸʵʭʴʬʩʰʹ ˀʬ˂ʴʵʩʰʯ ʯʨʭʰʹʻʼʲʫʬʩʨ."

14

Tavi meeqvse – dhiana-ioga

ʳʨʺʬʸʰʨʲʻʸʰ ʿʵʼʰʹ ʺʿʭʬʵʩʰʫʨʴ ʯʨʭʫʨˆʹʴʨ ʰʵʪʨʹ ˄ʭʸʯʰʹ
ʹʸʻʲʿʵʼʰʯ ˀʬʰ˃ʲʬʩʨ ʫʨ ʨʸʨ ʳʨʪʰʻʸʰ ˇʨʳʩʨʮʵʩʰʹʨ ʫʨ
ʺʨʱʰʳʨʹˆʨʸʻʲʰ ʰʲʬʯʬʩʰʹ ʳʨʿʻʸʬʩʬʲʰ ʰʹʬʫʨ˂ ˀʬʻʪʴʬʩʬʲʰ
ˆʨʲˆʰʹ ʪʨʩʸʰʿʭʬʩʰʯ.
ʲʬʽʹʰ 16
ʵ, ʨʸˇʻʴʨ, ʰʵʪʰ ʭʬʸʨʹʵʫʬʹ ʪʨˆʫʬʩʨ ʰʹ, ʭʰʴ˂ ʪʨʻʳʨ˃ʾʸʨʫ ˅ʨʳʹ
ʨʴ ʳ˂ʰʸʬʫ ʲʻʱʳʨʹ ʹˇʬʸʫʬʩʨ, ʭʰʹʨ˂ ʫʰʫˆʨʴʹ ʹ˃ʰʴʨʭʹ ʨʴ
ʳˆʵʲʵʫ ˁʨʯʭʲʬʳʹ.
ˀʰʴʨ-ʨʸʹʰ. ʨʽ ʰʵʪʬʩʰʹ ʱʭʬʩʰʹʨ ʫʨ ˃ʰʲʰʹ ʳʵʳ˄ʬʹʸʰʪʬʩʬʲʰ
ʳʰʯʰʯʬʩʨʨ ʳʵ˂ʬʳʻʲʰ. ˆʨʸʩʨʫ ˅ʨʳʨ ʰʳʨʮʬ ʳʬʺʰ ʹʨʱʭʬʩʰʹ
ʳʰʾʬʩʨʹ ʴʰˀʴʨʭʹ, ʸʨ˂ ʹˆʬʻʲʰʹʨ ʫʨ ʹʻʲʰʹ ˀʬʴʨʸˁʻʴʬʩʨʹ
ʹ˅ʰʸʫʬʩʨ. ʨʫʨʳʰʨʴʰ ʨʸ ʻʴʫʨ ʬʱʨʸʬʩʵʫʬʹ ˂ˆʵʭʬʲʰʹ ˆʵʸ˂ʹ,
ʸʨʱʰ ʩʻʴʬʩʨ ʻˀʻʸʭʬʲʨʫ ʫʨ ʻˆʭʨʫ ʪʭʯʨʭʨʮʵʩʹ ʳʨʸ˂ʭʲʬʻʲʹ,
ʩʵʹʺʴʬʻʲʹ, ˆʰʲʹʨ ʫʨ ʸ˃ʬʹ.
"ʩˈʨʪʨʭʨʫ-ʪʰʺʨʹ" ʯʨʴʨˆʳʨʫ, ʨʹʬʯʰ ʻʩʸʨʲʵ ʹʨʱʭʬʩʰ
ʹʨʯʴʵʬʩʰʹ ʪʻʴʨʹ ʬʱʻʯʭʴʰʹ. ˂ˆʵʭʬʲʬʩʰʹ ˅ʨʳʨ ʻʳʬ˂ʸʬʩʰʯ
ʪʵʴʬʩʨʫʨˁʲʻʴʪʬʩʻʲʯʨ ˆʭʬʫʸʰʨ. ʬʹ ʻʱʨʴʨʹʱʴʬʲʴʰ ʳʨʯˆʸʵʩʬʲ
ʹʨʹʳʬʲʬʩʹʨ˂ ʬ˃ʨʲʬʩʰʨʴ, ʬ˄ʬʭʰʨʴ ʯʻʯʻʴʹ ʫʨ ʻʼʲʰʹʨʯʭʰʹ
ˀʬʻʯʨʭʨʮʬʩʻʲ ʹʨ˅ʳʬʲʹ ʳʹʻʴʨʪʨʫ ʳʰʨ˃ʾʬʩʰʨʴ, ʨʳʰʺʵʳʨ˂
˂ʵʫʭʬʩʰʯ ʰʳ˃ʰʳʬʩʬʴ ʹʻʲʹ ʫʨ ʺʨʴˇʭʰʹ ˄ʰʲʱʬʸ˃ʴʰ ˆʫʬʩʰʨʴ.
ʩˈʻʴˇʨʺʬ ʺʬ ʺʭ ʨʪˈʨʳ ʶʨʶʨ ʰʬ ʶʨˁʨʴʺʰ ʨʺʳʨ-ʱʨʸʨʴʨʺ ʳʨʸʺʵʵʫʬʴ ˂ʵʫʭʰʯ ʰʱʭʬʩʬʩʨ ʰʹ, ʭʰʴ˂ ʯʨʭʰʹʰ ʱʻ˅ʰʹ ʳʵʴʨ
ʪʨʳˆʫʨʸʨ ʫʨ ʳʰʹ ʹʨʨʳʬʩʲʨʫ ˆʵʸʨʪʹ ʰʿʸʰʹ ʶʰʸˀʰ; ʭʰʴ˂ ʹʨ˅ʳʬʲʹ
ʯʨʭʰʹʯʭʰʹ ʰʳʮʨʫʬʩʹ ʫʨ ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ ʨʸ ʹʯʨʭʨʮʵʩʹ. ʨʹʬʯʰ ʱʨ˂ʰ
˂ʵʫʭʰʹ ʳ˅ʨʳʬʲʰʨ, ʰʳʨʮʬ ʳʬʺʹ ʰʾʬʩʹ, ʸʨ˂ ʳʰʹ ʹˆʬʻʲʹʨ ʫʨ ʹʻʲʹ
ʹ˅ʰʸʫʬʩʨ, ʨʳʰʺʵʳʨ˂ ʹʸʻʲʿʵʼʰʲʰ ʰʵʪʰ ʭʬʸʨʹʵʫʬʹ ʪʨˆʫʬʩʨ.
ʨʫʨʳʰʨʴʳʨ ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹʨʯʭʰʹ ˀʬʯʨʭʨʮʬʩʻʲʰ ʹʨ˅ʳʬʲʰʹ ʴʨʸˁʬʴʬʩʰ
ʻʴʫʨ ʰʱʳʨʸʵʹ. ʨʹʬ˂ ʰʽ˂ʬʭʨ ʻʼʲʰʹ ˂ʴʵʩʰʬʸʬʩʨˀʰ ʳʿʵʼʰ
ʬʸʯʪʻʲʰ - ʰʹʬ ʨʸʨʼʬʸʹ ʫʨʨʱʨʸʪʬʩʹ ʶʰʸʹ, ʸʵʳ ˇʬʸ ʻʮʬʴʨʬʹʹ ʨʸ
ʳʰʨʸʯʭʨʹ, ˀʬʳʫʬʪ ʱʰ ʳʵʱʸ˃ʨʲʬʩʰʯ ˀʬʬʽ˂ʬʭʨ ʶʸʨʹʨʫʹ. ʨʳʰʹ ʪʨʳʵ
ʰʪʰ ʬʮʰʨʸʬʩʨ ʹʸʻʲʿʵʼʨʹ, ʸʵʪʵʸ˂ ʰʵʪʰ.

15

Tavi meeqvse – dhiana-ioga

ˆʬʲʵʭʴʻʸʨʫ, ˃ʨʲʫʨʺʨʴʬʩʰʯ ʯʨʭˀʬʱʨʭʬʩʨ ˅ʨʳʰʹʨʪʨʴ ʫʨ
ʳʨʸˆʻʲʵʩʰʹ ʹʨʱʻʯʨʸʰ ˄ʬʹʬʩʰʹ ʪʨʳʵʪʵʴʬʩʨ ʨʫʨʳʰʨʴʹ ˆʬʲʹ
ʻˀʲʰʹ, ˀʬʨʹʸʻʲʵʹ ʹʸʻʲʿʵʼʰʲʰ ʰʵʪʨ.
ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ ʬʸʯʪʻʲʰ ˄ʳʰʴʫʨ ˄ʬʸʰʲʬʩʰʹ ʫʨʴʨ˄ʬʹʯʨ ʯʨʴʨˆʳʨʫ
ʳʨʸˆʻʲʵʩʹ, ʨʸ˂ ʯʨʭʹ ʨʺʨʴʹ ˃ʨʲʨʹ, ʨʸ˂ ʻ˅ʰʸʹ ʹʨʴʨˆʬʭʸʵʫ
ˀʰʳˀʰʲʰ, ʳʵʱʸ˃ʨʲʬʩʻʲʨʫ ʯʻ ʳʰʬʺʨʴʬʩʨ ʹʨ˅ʳʬʲʹ, ʨʳʰʺʵʳ
ʳʰʹʯʭʰʹ ʰʵʲʰʨ ʰʵʪʨʹ ˀʬʹʸʻʲʬʩʨ. ʮʵʳʨʮʬ ʳʬʺʨʫ ʫʨʴʨʿʸʬʩʻʲ
ʱʨ˂ʹ ʫʰʫˆʨʴʹ ʹ˃ʰʴʨʭʹ ʫʨ ʹʰʮʳʨʸʹʨ˂ ʩʬʭʸʹ ˆʬʫʨʭʹ. ˄ʬʹʰʯ,
ʫʾʬˀʰ ʬʽʭʹ ʹʨʨʯʮʬ ʫʰʫˆʨʴʹ ˃ʰʲʰ ʳʨʭʴʬʨ. ʭʰʴ˂ ʨʳ ˄ʬʹʬʩʹ
ʨʸʾʭʬʭʹ, ʻʫʨʭʵʫ ʻʳʬ˂ʸʬʩʰʹ ʸʱʨʲˀʰʨ ʳʵʽ˂ʬʻʲʰ, ʳ˂ʵʴʨʸʬʫ
ʨʺʨʸʬʩʹ ˄ʻʯʰʹʵʼʬʲʹ;
˃ʰʲʰʹʪʻʲʨʫ ʽ˂ʬʻʲʹ ʫʨˁʲʻʴʪʬʩʻʲʰ ʨʽʭʹ ʰʵʪʨʹ
ˀʬʹʸʻʲʬʩʰʹ ʻʴʨʸʰ.
ʲʬʽʹʰ 17
ʰʪʰ, ʭʰʴ˂ ʱʭʬʩʨ, ˃ʰʲʰ, ʫʨʹʭʬʴʬʩʨ ʫʨ ˀʸʵʳʨ ʮʵʳʰʬʸʨʫ ʰ˂ʰʹ,
ʰʵʪʨʹ ʰʵʲʨʫ ʫʨʬʻʼʲʬʩʨ ʫʨ ʿʵʭʬʲʪʭʨʸʰ ʳʰ˄ʰʬʸʰ ʺʨʴˇʭʨˀʬ˅ʰʸʭʬʩʰʹ ʩʵʸʱʰʲʬʩʹʨ˂ ʨʫʭʰʲʨʫ ʨʰʿʸʰʹ.
ˀʰʴʨ-ʨʸʹʰ. ˅ʨʳʰʹ, ˃ʰʲʰʹ, ʯʨʭʫʨ˂ʭʰʹʨ ʫʨ ʹʽʬʹʵʩʸʰʭʰ
˄ʸʬʪʨʫʨʹʻʲʰ ʳʵʯˆʵʭʴʰʲʬʩʬʩʰ ʰʵʪʨʹ ˀʬʹʸʻʲʬʩʰʹ ʪʮʨʮʬ
ʨʫʨʳʰʨʴʰʹ ˄ʰʴʹʭʲʨʹ ʫʨʩʸʱʵʲʬʩʨʫ ʬʾʵʩʬʩʰʨʴ.
ˀʰʴʨ-ʨʸʹʰ. ˅ʨʳʰʹ ʹʻʸʭʰʲʰʹ ʳʵ˄ʬʹʸʰʪʬʩʨ ʳˆʵʲʵʫ ʶʸʨʹʨʫʰʹ ˄ʳʰʴʫʨ ʹʨʱʭʬʩʰʹ, ʳʰʾʬʩʰʯʨʨ ˀʬʹʨ˃ʲʬʩʬʲʰ. "ʩˈʨʪʨʭʨʫ-ʪʰʺʨʹ"
ʳʰˆʬʫʭʰʯ ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹʨʯʭʰʹ ˀʬʰ˃ʲʬʩʨ ʩʵʹʺʴʬʻʲʰʹ, ʿʭʨʭʰʲʬʩʰʹ,
ˆʰʲʰʹ, ʳʨʸ˂ʭʬʻʲʰʹ, ʸ˃ʰʹʨ ʫʨ ʨ.ˀ. ˀʬʯʨʭʨʮʬʩʨ. ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ
˂ʴʵʩʰʬʸʬʩʰʹ ʳʽʵʴʬ ʶʰʸʵʭʴʬʩʨ˂ ʳʨʹ ʹˇʬʸʫʬʩʨ ʫʨ ʯʨʭʰʹʯʨʭʨʫ
ʪʨʫʨʬˁʭʬʭʨ ˄ʳʰʴʫʨ ʨʫʨʳʰʨʴʰʹʨʯʭʰʹ ʳʰʻʾʬʩʬʲʰ ʹʨʱʭʬʩʰʹ ˅ʨʳʨʹ.
ʻʼʲʰʹ ʬʸʯʪʻʲʰ ʹʨʱʻʯʨʸ ʳʵʭʨʲʬʵʩʨʯʨ ˄ʬʹʰʹʨʳʬʩʸ
ʨʾʹʨʹʸʻʲʬʩʲʨʫ ʴʰʨʫʨʪ ʼˆʰʮʲʵʩʹ ʫʨ ˃ʰʲʹ ʫʸʵʰʹ ʼʻ˅ʨʫ
ʫʨʱʨʸʪʭʨʫ ʯʭʲʰʹ. ʨʭʰʨʸʯˈʨ-ʱʨʲʨʺʭʨʳ ʴʰˀʴʨʭʹ ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ
ʹʨʳʹʨˆʻʸʰʹ ʪʨʸʬˀʬ ˄ʨʳʰʯʨ˂ ʨʸ ˀʬʰ˃ʲʬʩʨ ʫʸʵʰʹ ʪʨʼʲʨʴʪʭʨ.
ʬʸʯʪʻʲʹ ˃ʨʲʰʨʴ ˂ʵʺʨ ʹ˃ʰʴʨʭʹ. ʰʫʬʨʲʻʸʰʨ ʹʨʽ˂ʰʬʲʰ ˀʸʰʲʨ
ʸʻʶʨ ʪʵʹʭʨʳʰʹʨ, ʸʵʳʬʲʰ˂ ʪʨʴʻ˄ʿʭʬʺʲʰʭ ʬʳʹʨˆʻʸʬʩʵʫʨ ʻʼʨʲʹ

16

Tavi meeqvse – dhiana-ioga

ʫʨ ʯʨʭʹ ʴʬʩʨʹ ʨʸ ʨ˃ʲʬʭʨʫʨ, ʫʾʬˀʰ ʵʸʰ ʹʨʨʯʰ ʨʴ ʰʹʰ˂ ʨʸʨ,
ʹ˃ʰʴʬʩʵʫʨ. ʯˈʨʱʻʸʨ ˈʨʸʰʫʨʹʨ ʶʸʨʹʨʫʹʨ˂ ʱʰ ʨʸ ʨʱʨʸʬʩʫʨ ʶʰʸʹ
ʫʨ ʨʸ ʰ˃ʰʴʬʩʫʨ, ʹʨʴʨʳ ʱʸʰʨʲʵʹʨʴʳʮʬ ˁʨʯʭʲʰʯ ʹʨʳʨʹʰ ʨʯʨʹˇʬʸ
ʨʸ ˄ʨʸʳʵʯʽʭʨʳʫʨ ʻʼʲʰʹ ʹʨˆʬʲʹ.
ˀʸʵʳʨ ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ ˂ʴʵʩʰʬʸʬʩʰʹ ʳʽʵʴʬ ʶʰʸʵʭʴʬʩʰʹʨ ʳˆʵʲʵʫ ʫʨ
ʳˆʵʲʵʫ ʻʼʲʰʹ ʳʹʨˆʻʸʩʨʹʯʨʴ ʨʸʰʹ ʫʨʱʨʭˀʰʸʬʩʻʲʰ, ʸʰʹ
ʪʨʳʵ˂ ʳʰʹʰ ʹʨʽʳʰʨʴʵʩʨ ʳʻʫʨʳ ʳʵ˄ʬʹʸʰʪʬʩʻʲʰʨ; ʸʨʫʪʨʴ ʳʰʹʰ
ˀʬʪʴʬʩʰʫʨʴ ʪʨʳʵʸʰ˂ˆʻʲʰʨ ʪʸ˃ʴʵʩʨʯʨ ʫʨʱʳʨʿʵʼʰʲʬʩʨʮʬ
ʼʰʽʸʰ, ˆʵʸ˂ʰʻʲ ʫʨʹʭʬʴʬʩʨʹʨ˂ ʱʰ ʨʸ ʹʨ˅ʰʸʵʬʩʹ. ˄ʬʹʰʹʨʳʬʩʸ
ʪʨ˄ʿʵʩʰʲʰʨ ʳʰʹʰ ˀʸʵʳʨ, ʳʬʺʿʭʬʲʬʩʨ, ˃ʰʲʰ, ʹʰʼˆʰʮʲʬ... , ʸʰʹ
ʪʨʳʵ˂ ʳʨʺʬʸʰʨʲʻʸʰ ʹʨʺʨʴˇʭʬʲʰ ʨʾʨʸ ʬʳʻʽʸʬʩʨ.
ʲʬʽʹʰ 18
ʰʵʪʨʹ ˄ʭʸʯʰʯ ˅ʱʻʰʹ ʳʵʳʯʭʰʴʰʬʸʬʩʬʲʹʨ ʫʨ ʺʸʨʴʹ˂ʬʴʫʬʴʺʻʸ
ʫʵʴʬʮʬ ʨʳʨʾʲʬʩʻʲʹ, ʿʵʭʬʲʪʭʨʸ ʳʰ˄ʰʬʸ ʪʻʲʰʹʯʽʳʨʯʨʪʨʴ
ʫʨ˂ʲʰʲʰʹ ʳʺʱʰ˂ʬʫ ʫʨʫʪʰʴʬʩʻʲ ʰʵʪʹ ʻ˄ʵʫʬʩʬʴ.
ˀʰʴʨ-ʨʸʹʰ. ʰʵʪʰʹ ʽʳʬʫʬʩʨ ˁʭʬʻʲʬʩʸʰʭʰ ʨʫʨʳʰʨʴʰʹ ʽ˂ʬʭʰʹʨʪʨʴ
ʰʳʰʯ ʪʨʴʹˆʭʨʭʫʬʩʨ, ʸ ʵʳ ʯʨʭʰʹʻʼʨʲʰʨ ʴʬʩʰʹʳʰʬʸʰ ˆʵʸ˂ʰʬʲʰ
˄ʨʫʰʲʰʹʨ ʫʨ ʳʰʹ˄ʸʨʼʬʩʰʹʨʪʨʴ. ʨʳ ʹʻʸʭʰʲʯʨ ˀʵʸʰʹ ʿʭʬʲʨʮʬ
˃ʴʬʲʨʫ ʬʳʵʸˁʰʲʬʩʨ ʱʨ˂ʹ ʹʽʬʹʵʩʸʰʭʰ ʳʵʯˆʵʭʴʰʲʬʩʨ.
ʹʸʻʲʽʳʴʰʲʰ ʰʵʪʰ ʯʨʭʰʹ ˅ʱʻʨʹ ʰʳʫʬʴʨʫ ʰˆʫʰʹ ʳʹʨˆʻʸʨʫ ʫʨ
ʰʹʬ ʨ˄ʬʹʸʰʪʬʩʹ ʹʨʱʻʯʨʸ ʽ˂ʬʭʨ-ʪʸ˃ʴʵʩʬʩʹ, ʸʵʳ ʯʭʰʯ ʬʹ
ʭʴʬʩʰʹʳʰʬʸʰ ˄ʨʫʰʲʰ˂ ʱʰ ʨʾʨʸ ʨ˄ʻˆʬʩʹ. "ˀʸʰʳʨʫ-ʩˈʨʪʨʭʨʺʨʳʰʹ"
ʳʰˆʬʫʭʰʯ, ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ ˂ʴʵʩʰʬʸʬʩʨˀʰ ʶʰʸʵʭʴʬʩʨ ʯʨʭʰʹʯʨʭʨʫ,
ˀʰʴʨʪʨʴʰ ˃ʨʲʬʩʰʹ ʫʨʻ˃ʨʩʨʭʨʫ ʨʾ˄ʬʭʬʴ ʨʳ ʳʫʪʵʳʨʸʬʵʩʨʹ:
"ʻʶʰʸʭʬʲʬʹʨʫ, ʳʬʼʬ ʨʳʩʨʸʰˀʨ ˅ʱʻʨʹ ʻʼʨʲʰ ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ
ʲʵʺʵʹʰʹʨʫʨʸʰ ʺʬʸʼʬʩʰʹʨʱʬʴ ʳʰʳʨʸʯʨʭʫʨ. ˀʬʳʫʬʪ ʬʴʰʯ
ʬʸʯʳʨʴʬʯʰʹ ʳʰʿʵʲʬʩʰʯ ʻʼʲʰʹ ʺʸʨʴʹ˂ʬʴʫʬʴʺʻʸ ʯʭʰʹʬʩʬʩʹ
ʨʾ˄ʬʸʫʨ, ˆʬʲʬʩʰʯ ʻʼʲʰʹ ʺʨ˃ʨʸʹ ʨʹʻʼʯʨʭʬʩʫʨ, ʿʻʸʬʩʰʯ ʳʰʹʰ
ʹʨʽʳʰʨʴʵʩʬʩʰʹ ˀʬʹʨˆʬʩ ʰʹʳʬʴʫʨ, ʹˆʬʻʲʰʯ ʹˆʭʨ ʬʸʯʪʻʲʯʨ
ʹˆʬʻʲʰʹ ʹʰʨˆʲʵʭʬʹ ʪʸ˃ʴʵʩʫʨ, ʿʴʵʹʭʰʯ ʻʼʲʰʹʯʭʰʹ
ʳʰʸʯʳʬʻʲʰ ʲʵʺʵʹʰʹ ʿʭʨʭʰʲʯʨ ʹʻʸʴʬʲʹ ʬ˄ʨʼʬʩʵʫʨ, ʪʬʳʵʹ
ʻʹʰʴˇʨʭʫʨ ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ ʲʵʺʵʹʰʹʫʨʸʰ ʺʬʸʼʬʩʰʹʨʯʭʰʹ

17

Tavi meeqvse – dhiana-ioga

ˀʬʯʨʭʨʮʬʩʻʲ ʺʻʲʨʹʰʹ ʼʵʯʲʬʩʹ, ʼʬˆʬʩʰʯ ʳ˄ʰʸʵʩʰʹ
ʨʫʪʰʲʬʩʹʨ ʫʨ ʻʼʲʰʹ ʺʨ˃ʨʸʹ ʳʰʳʵʰʭʲʰʫʨ, ʯʨʭʰʯ
ʬʯʨʿʭʨʴʬʩʵʫʨ ʻʮʬʴʨʬʹʹ, ˆʵʲʵ ʹʻʸʭʰʲʬʩʰʯ ʻʼʲʰʹ ˄ʳʰʴʫʨ
ʫʨʴʨ˄ʬʹʬʩʹ ʨʹʸʻʲʬʩʫʨ.
ʿʵʭʬʲʰʭʬ ʬʹ - ˄ʳʰʴʫʨ ʹʨʽʳʰʨʴʵʩʨ - ʹ˄ʵʸʬʫ ʸʵʳ ʻʼʲʰʹ
ʬʸʯʪʻʲʰʹ ˀʬʹʨʼʬʸʰʹʰʨ."
ʰʳʶʬʸʹʵʴʨʲʰʹʺʬʩʹ ʬʹ ʪʮʨ ʰʽʴʬʩʨ ʪʨʴʻˆʵʸ˂ʰʬʲʬʩʬʲʰ˂
ʬˁʭʬʴʬʩʨʯ, ʳʨʪʸʨʳ ʹʨʱʳʨʸʰʹʰʨ ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ ˂ʴʵʩʰʬʸʬʩʨ ʪʨʻ˃ʾʭʬʹ ˄ʰʴ
ʫʨ ʶʰʸʵʭʴʬʩʨ ʰʵʲʨʫ ʨʹʸʻʲʬʩʹ ʨʳ ʳʵʯˆʵʭʴʬʩʹ. ʬʹ ʨˀʱʨʸʨʫ ˁʨʴʹ
ʨʳʩʨʸʰˀʨ ʳʨˈʨʸʨˇʨʹ ʳʨʪʨʲʰʯʰʫʨ. ʯʻ ʱʨ˂ʰʹ ˅ʱʻʨ ʳʯʬʲʰ
ˀʬʹʨ˃ʲʬʩʲʵʩʬʩʰʯ ʻʼʲʰʹʱʬʴ ʨʸ ʨʸʰʹ ʳʰʶʿʸʵʩʰʲʰ ʫʨ
ʪʨʳʻʫʳʬʩʰʯ ʨʸ ʼʰʽʸʵʩʹ ʳʨʹʮʬ, ʳʰʹ ʹʻʲʰʬʸ ʳ˂ʫʬʲʵʩʨʹʨʽʳʰʨʴʵʩʨʹ ˀʬʫʬʪʰ ʨʸ ʳʵˈʿʭʬʩʨ.
ʻʼʲʰʹ ʬʸʯʪʻʲʰ ʳʹʨˆʻʸʬʩʰʹ ʶʸʵ˂ʬʹˀʰ ʨʳ ʫʨ˄ʬʹʬʩʻʲ
ʹʨʽʳʰʨʴʵʩʨʹ ʨʸˁʨʴʨ, ʨʴʻ ʿʭʬʲʨ ʪʸ˃ʴʵʩʰʹ ʻʼʲʰʹ ʹʨʫʰʫʬʩʲʨʫ
ʪʨʳʵʿʬʴʬʩʨ ˈʽʭʰʨ. ʱʨ˂ʯʨ ʳʵʫʪʳʨ ʭʬʸ ʰ˂ˆʵʭʸʬʩʹ ʰʹʬ, ʸʵʳ ʸʨʰʳʬ
ʹʨʽʳʰʨʴʵʩʨ ʨʸ ʪʨʴʰʮʸʨˆʵʹ ʨʴ ʨʸ ˀʬʨʹʸʻʲʵʹ ˅ʱʻʨʳ ʫʨ
ʪʸ˃ʴʵʩʬʩʳʨ. ʳʨʯʰ ʨʾʱʭʬʯʨ ʨʸʨʭʰʹʯʭʰʹ ʨʸ ʨʸʰʹ ʹʨʹʨʸʪʬʩʲʵ.
ʨʳʰʹ ʪʨʳʵ, ʸʵʪʵʸ˂ ʮʬʳʵʯ ʰʿʵ ʨʾ˄ʬʸʰʲʰ, ʨʫʨʳʰʨʴʬʩʰʹʨʯʭʰʹ,
ʪʨʴʹʨʱʻʯʸʬʩʰʯ ʪʨʴʫʬʪʰʲʵʩʰʹʨʱʬʴ ʳʵʹ˄ʸʨʼʬʯʨʯʭʰʹ,
ʪʸ˃ʴʵʩʬʩʰʹʨ ʫʨ ˂ʴʵʩʰʬʸʬʩʰʹ ʫʨʻʴˇʬʩʨ ʻʼʲʰʹ ʹʨʳʹʨˆʻʸˀʰ
ʺʸʨʴʹ˂ʬʴʫʬʴʺʻʸʰ ʹʸʻʲʿʵʼʰʹ ʶʸʵ˂ʬʹʨʫ ʰʯʭʲʬʩʨ. "ʩˈʨʪʨʭʨʫʪʰʺʨˀʰ" ʨʳ ʶʸʵ˂ʬʹʹ ʬ˄ʵʫʬʩʨ ʰʻʱʺʨ.
ʲʬʽʹʰ 19
ʸʵʪʵʸ˂ ʲʨʳʶʨʸʰʹ ʨʲʰ ʨʸ ʰʸˆʬʭʨ ʳʿʻʫʸʵ ʨʫʪʰʲʨʹ, ʨʹʬʭʬ
ʹʨʱʻʯʨʸʰ ˂ʴʵʩʰʬʸʬʩʰʹ ʫʨʳʳʵʸˁʰʲʬʩʬʲʰ ˀʬʻʸʿʬʭʲʨʫ ʫʨ
ʫʨʫʪʰʴʬʩʻʲʨʫ ʺʸʨʴʹ˂ʬʴʫʬʴʺʻʸʰ ʳʬʵʩʰʹʨʱʬʴ ʳʰʳʨʸʯʨʭʹ
˅ʭʸʬʺʨʹ.
ˀʰʴʨ-ʨʸʹʰ. ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ ˂ʴʵʩʰʬʸʰ ʶʰʸʵʭʴʬʩʨ ʳʻʫʨʳ ʪʨʸʰʴʫʬʩʨˀʰʨ
ʫʨʴʯʽʳʻʲʰ ʫʨ ʪʵʴʬʩʨʫʨʨʳʬʩʻʲʰ ʪʨʴʻ˄ʿʭʬʺʲʰʭ ʼʰʽʸʵʩʹ
ʯʨʭʰʹ ʹʨʯʨʿʭʨʴʬʩʬʲ ʻʼʨʲʮʬ. ʳʰʹʰ ˇʫʵʳʰʯʰ ʶʵʮʨ ʰʹʬʭʬ
ˀʬʻʸˆʬʭʬʲʰʨ, ʸʵʪʵʸ˂ ʲʨʳʶʨʸʰʹ ʨʲʰ ʳˀʭʰʫ, ʻʽʨʸʵ ʪʨʸʬʳʵˀʰ.

18

Tavi meeqvse – dhiana-ioga

ʲʬʽʹʬʩʰ 20-23
ʹʸʻʲʿʵʼʰʹ ʰʳ ʹʨʼʬˆʻʸʮʬ, ʸʵʳʬʲʹʨ˂ ʺʸʨʴʹʰ (ʪʨʸʰʴʫʬʩʨ), ʨʴʻ
ʹʨʳʨʫˈʰ ʬ˄ʵʫʬʩʨ, ʨʫʨʳʰʨʴʰʹ ˂ʴʵʩʰʬʸʬʩʨ ʰʵʪʨʹ ˃ʨʲʰʯ
ʳʯʲʰʨʴʨʫ ʪʨʴʬˀʵʸʬʩʨ ʳʨʺʬʸʰʨʲʻʸ ʨʮʸʹʨ ʫʨ ʽʳʬʫʬʩʬʩʹ.
ʶʰʸʵʭʴʬʩʨʹ ʬ˃ʲʬʭʨ ʻʴʨʸʰ, ʯʨʭʨʫ ˁʨʰˆʬʫʵʹ ʹʨʱʻʯʨʸ ʳʬ-ˀʰ ʫʨ
ʹʨʱʻʯʨʸ ʯʨʭˀʰ ˁʨʩʸʻʴʬʩʰʯ ʰʴʬʺʨʸʵʹ. ʨʹʬʯʰ ʱʨ˂ʰ ʻʹʨʮʾʭʸʵ
ʾʭʯʨʬʩʸʰʭ ʩʬʫʴʰʬʸʬʩʨʹ ʳʰʬʨˆʲʬʩʨ, ʸʨ˂ ʹʻʲʰʬʸʰ ʪʸ˃ʴʵʩʬʩʰʹ
ʳʬˀʭʬʵʩʰʯ ʪʨʴʰ˂ʫʬʩʨ.
ʨʳ ʹʨʼʬˆʻʸʮʬ ʳʺʱʰ˂ʬʫ ʫʨʳʱʭʰʫʸʬʩʰʹ ˀʬʳʫʬʪ ʰʪʰ
ʹʨʳʨʸʨʫʷʨʳʵʫ ˀʬʬʴʰʭʯʬʩʨ ˅ʬˀʳʨʸʰʺʬʩʨʹ. ʨʳʨʮʬ ʳʬʺʰ ʳʨʹ
ʨʾʨʸʨʼʬʸʰ ʻʴʫʨ, ʨʸ˂ ʸʨʳ ˀʬ˃ʸʨʭʹ ʳʰʹ ʪʻʲʹ, ʻʫʰʫʬʹʰ
ʪʨʴʹʨ˂ʫʬʲʰ˂ ʱʰ. ʬʹ ʿʵʭʬʲʰʭʬ ʳʰ˄ʰʬʸʬʩʨʹʯʨʴ ʻʸʯʰʬʸʯʵʩʰʹ
ʯʨʴʨʳˆʲʬʩʰ ʺʨʴˇʭʰʹʨʪʨʴ ʯʨʭʰʹ ʫʨˆʹʴʨʨ.
ˀʰʴʨ-ʨʸʹʰ. ʰʵʪʨʹ ˄ʿʨʲʵʩʰʯ ʨʫʨʳʰʨʴʰ ʯʨʴʫʨʯʨʴ ʪʨʴʬˀʵʸʬʩʨ
ʳʨʺʬʸʰʨʲʻʸ ˀʬˆʬʫʻʲʬʩʬʩʹ. ʬʹ ʰʵʪʨʹ ʶʸʰʴ˂ʰʶʰʹ ʶʰʸʭʬʲʰ
ʯʭʰʹʬʩʨʨ. ʨʳʰʹ ˀʬʳʫʬʪ ʰʪʰ ʹʨʳʨʫˈʰˀʰ, ʨʴʻ ʪʨʸʰʴʫʬʩʨˀʰ
ʪʨʫʨʫʰʹ, ʸʨ˂ ʰʳʨʹ ʴʰˀʴʨʭʹ, ʸʵʳ ʰʵʪʰ ʺʸʨʴʹ˂ʬʴʫʬʴʺʻʸʰ ˅ʱʻʨʪʵʴʬʩʰʯ ʳʰʹ˄ʭʫʬʩʨ ʮʬʹʻʲʹ.
ʰʵʪʨʹ ˄ʭʸʯʨ ʳʬʺʴʨʱʲʬʩʨʫ ʶʨʺʨʴˇʨʲʰʹ ʹʰʹʺʬʳʨʮʬʨ
ʫʨʼʻ˃ʴʬʩʻʲʰ. ʮʵʪʰʬʸʯʰ ʯʭʰʯʳʨʸʽʭʰʨ ʱʵʳʬʴʺʨʺʵʸʰ
ʰʴʫʰʭʰʫʻʨʲʻʸʰ ʹʻʲʰʹ ʮʬʹʻʲʯʨʴ ʪʨʰʪʰʭʬʩʨʹ ˂ʫʰʲʵʩʹ,
ʳʵʴʰʹʺʬʩʰ ʱʰ ʨʳʨʹ ʪʨʴʯʨʭʰʹʻʼʲʬʩʨʫ ʳʰʰˁʴʬʭʬʴ. ʳʨʯ
ʶʨʺʨʴˇʨʲʰʹ ʰʵʪʨʹ ʹʰʹʺʬʳʰʹ ʴʨʳʫʭʰʲʰ ʳʰʮʨʴʰ ʨʸ ʬʹʳʰʯ. ʳʨʹˀʰ
ʫʨˀʭʬʩʻʲʰʨ ʺʸʨʴʹ˂ʬʴʫʬʴʺʻʸʰ ʪʨʴ˂ˆʸʵʳʰʹ ʪʨʴ˂ʫʨ, ʳʨʪʸʨʳ
ʳʵʴʰʹʺʬʩʰ ʨʸ ʬʯʨʴˆʳʬʩʰʨʴ ʨʳʪʭʨʸ ʫʨˀʭʬʩʨʹ, ʸʨʫʪʨʴ ʬʹ ʳʨʯ
ʯʬʵʸʰʨʹ ʻʼʨʲʯʨʴ ʶʰʸʵʭʴʻʲʰ ʹʻʲʰʹ ʬʸʯʰʨʴʵʩʰʹ ˀʬʹʨˆʬʩ
ʹʨʼʸʯˆʬʹ ʻʽʳʴʰʹ. ʰʹʰʴʰ ˂ʴʵʩʬʴ ˂ʵʫʴʰʹʨ ʫʨ ʳ˂ʵʫʴʰʹ
ʵʸʳʨʪʵʩʨʹ.
ʨʳ ʲʬʽʹˀʰ ʨʾʰʨʸʬʩʻʲʰʨ ʺʸʨʴʹ˂ʬʴʫʬʴʺʻʸʰ ʪʸ˃ʴʵʩʬʩʰʯ
ˀʬ˂ʴʵʩʰʲʰ ʹʰʨʳʵʭʴʬʩʨ. ʨʳʨʹ ʨʫʨʹʺʻʸʬʩʹ ʶʨʺʨʴˇʨʲʰ ʳʻʴʰ,
ʰʵʪʨʹ ʹʰʹʺʬʳʰʹ ˂ʴʵʩʰʲʰ ʱʵʳʬʴʺʨʺʵʸʰ. ʫʰʨʫʰ ʩʸ˃ʬʴʰ ʰʵʪʨʹʻʺʸʬʩˀʰ (3.34) ʨ˂ˆʨʫʬʩʹ:

19

Tavi meeqvse – dhiana-ioga

ʬʹ ˁʰʺʰ-ˀʨʱʺʰ, ʨʴʻ ˀʰʴʨʪʨʴʰ ʶʵʺʬʴ˂ʰʨ ʺʸʨʴʹ˂ʬʴʫʬʴʺʻʸʰʨ.
ʶʻʸʻˀʨʸʯˈʨ ʳʨʺʬʸʰʨʲʻʸ ʸʬʲʰʪʰʻʸʵʩʨʹ, ʬʱʵʴʵʳʰʱʻʸ
ʪʨʴʭʰʯʨʸʬʩʨʹ, ʪʸ˃ʴʵʩʨʯʨ ʫʨʱʳʨʿʵʼʰʲʬʩʨʹ ʫʨ ʩʵʲʵʹ ʻʮʬʴʨʬʹʯʨʴ ˀʬʸ˄ʿʳʰʹ ˂ʫʨʹ ʴʰˀʴʨʭʹ. ʻʮʬʴʨʬʹʯʨʴ ʨʳʪʭʨʸ
ʬʸʯʰʨʴʵʩʨʹ ʳʵʴʰʹʺʬʩʰ ʱʨʰʭʨʲʰʨʹ ʬ˄ʵʫʬʩʬʴ. ʳʨʪʸʨʳ
ʶʨʺʨʴˇʨʲʰʹ ʳʰˆʬʫʭʰʯ ʬʹ ʱʨʰʭʨʲʰʨʳ ʨʸʰʹ ˀʰʴʨʪʨʴʰ,
ʺʸʨʴʹ˂ʬʴʫʬʴʺʻʸʰ ʻʴʨʸʰ, ʸʰʹʰ ˄ʿʨʲʵʩʰʯʨ˂ ʨʫʨʳʰʨʴʰ ʯʨʭʰʹ
˅ʬˀʳʨʸʰʺ ʨʸʹʵʩʨʹ ˁʨʹ˄ʭʫʬʩʨ.
ʻʼʨʲʰ ˁʨʰʺʨʴʰʨ ʨʳ ʶʸʵ˂ʬʹʹ ˅ʱʻʰʹ ʩʰʴ˃ʻʸʰ ʹʨʸʱʰʹ ʪʨ˄ʳʬʴʫʨʹ
ʻ˄ʵʫʬʩʹ - ˁʬʺʵ-ʫʨʸʶʨʴʨ-ʳʨʸˇʨʴʨʳ. ʹʰʴʨʳʫʭʰʲʬˀʰ, ʬʹ ʪʨ˄ʳʬʴʫʨ
ʨʸʰʹ ʪʨʴʯʨʭʰʹʻʼʲʬʩʨ, ʨʴʻ ʩˈʨʭʨ-ʳʨˈʨ-ʫʨʭʨʪʴʰ-ʴʰʸʭʨʶʨʴʨʳ.
ʴʰʸʭʨʴʨʹ ʯʬʵʸʰʨ, ʸʵʳʬʲʰ˂ ʹʻʲʰʬʸʰ ʹʸʻʲʽʳʴʰʹ ʫʨ˄ʿʬʩʰʯ
ʹʨʼʬˆʻʸʹ ˀʬʬʹʨʩʨʳʬʩʨ ʨʾʴʰˀʴʻʲ ʶʸʰʴ˂ʰʶʮʬʨ ʨʪʬʩʻʲʰ.
"ʩˈʨʪʨʭʨʺʨʳˀʰ" (2.10.6) ʨʳʨʹ ʹʭʨʸʻʶʬʴʨ ʭʰʨʭʨʹʯˈʰʺʰˈ ˈʽʭʰʨ.
ʮʬʳʵʯʳʵʺʨʴʰʲ ʲʬʽʹˀʰ˂ "ʩˈʨʪʨʭʨʫ-ʪʰʺʨ" ʨʳʨʭʬ ʨʮʸʹ
˂ˆʨʫʿʵʼʹ.
ʴʰʸʭʨʴʨʹ, ʨʴʻ ʳʨʺʬʸʰʨʲʻʸ ʳʵʽʳʬʫʬʩʨʯʨ ˀʬ˄ʿʭʬʺʰʹ ˀʬʳʫʬʪ
ʭʲʰʴʫʬʩʨ ʹʻʲʰʬʸʰ ʽʳʴʨʫʵʩʨ, ʨʴʻ ʻʼʲʰʹ ʬʸʯʪʻʲʰ
ʹʨʳʹʨˆʻʸʰ, ʸʨ˂ ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ ˂ʴʵʩʰʬʸʬʩʨʫʨʨ ˂ʴʵʩʰʲʰ.
"ʩˈʨʪʨʭʨʺʨʳʰʹ" ʳʰˆʬʫʭʰʯ, ʹʭʨʸʻʶʬʴʨ ʭʰʨʭʨʹʯˈʰʺʰˈ - ʬʹ ʨʸʰʹ
˂ʵ˂ˆʨʲʰ ʨʸʹʬʩʰʹ ʴʨʳʫʭʰʲʰ ʹʰ˂ʵ˂ˆʲʬ. ʳʨʰʨ, ʨʴʻ ʰʲʻʮʰʨ
ʳʰ˄ʰʬʸʬʩʰʯ ʫʨʹʴʬʩʵʭʨʴʬʩʻʲʰ ʹʻʲʰʬʸʰ ʳʫʪʵʳʨʸʬʵʩʨʨ. ʨʳ
ʹʴʬʩʰʹʨʪʨʴ ʪʨʴʯʨʭʰʹʻʼʲʬʩʨ ʹʰ˂ʵ˂ˆʲʰʹ ʳʨʸʨʫʰʻʲʰ ʫʨʹʨʩʨʳʰʹ
ʪʨʴʨʫʪʻʸʬʩʨʹ ʸʵʫʰ ʴʰˀʴʨʭʹ. ʨʳʨʹ ʨʾʰʨʸʬʩʹ ʶʨʺʨʴˇʨʲʰ˂ - ʬʹ
ˁʰʺʰ-ˀʨʱʺʰ, ʨʴʻ ʺʸʨʴʹ˂ʬʴʫʬʴʺʻʸʰ ʹʰʨʳʵʭʴʬʩʨ ˅ʬˀʳʨʸʰʺʰ
˂ˆʵʭʸʬʩʨ ʪʨˆʲʨʭʯ. ʨʳʨʹ ʨʳʺʱʰ˂ʬʩʹ "ʭʬʫʨʴʺʨ-ʹʻʺʸʨ" (1.1.12):
ʨʴʨʴʫʨ ʳʨʰʵ 'ʩˈʰʨʹʨʺ - ʬʹ ʩʻʴʬʩʸʰʭʰ ʹʻʲʰʬʸʰ ʹʰʨʳʵʭʴʬʩʨ ʰʵʪʨʹ
ʹʨʩʵʲʵʵ ʳʰʮʨʴʰʨ ʫʨ ʳʰʹʰ ʪʨʴˆʵʸ˂ʰʬʲʬʩʨ ʨʫʭʰʲʰʨ ʬʸʯʪʻʲʰ
ʹʨʳʹʨˆʻʸʰʹ, ʨʴʻ ʩˈʨʱʺʰ-ʰʵʪʨʹ ʳʬˀʭʬʵʩʰʯ. ʩˈʨʱʺʰ-ʰʵʪʨ
ʫʨ˄ʭʸʰʲʬʩʰʯ ʪʨʫʳʵʰ˂ʬʳʨ "ʩˈʨʪʨʭʨʫ-ʪʰʺʨʹ" ʳʬˀʭʰʫʬ ʯʨʭˀʰ.
ʰʵʪʨʹ ʹʰʹʺʬʳʨˀʰ ʵʸʰ ʹʨˆʰʹ ʹʨʳʨʫˈʰ ʨʸʹʬʩʵʩʹ: ʹʨʳʶʸʨˇʴʨʺʨʹʨʳʨʫˈʰ ʫʨ ʨʹʨʳʶʸʨˇʴʨʺʨ-ʹʨʳʨʫˈʰ. ʸʵ˂ʨ ʨʫʨʳʰʨʴʰ ʨʯʨʹʪʭʨʸʰ
ʼʰʲʵʹʵʼʰʻʸʰ ʳʹˇʬʲʵʩʰʹ ʪʨʳʵʿʬʴʬʩʰʯ ʺʸʨʴʹ˂ʬʴʫʬʴʺʻʸ
ʳʫʪʵʳʨʸʬʵʩʨʹ ʨʾ˄ʬʭʹ, ʨʳʩʵʩʬʴ - ʰʹ ʹʨʳʶʸʨˇʴʨʺʨ-ʹʨʳʨʫˈʰʳʫʬ

20

Tavi meeqvse – dhiana-ioga

ʳʰʭʰʫʨ. ʨʹʨʳʶʸʨˇʴʨʺʨ-ʹʨʳʨʫˈʰˀʰ ʳʰ˄ʰʬʸ ʪʨʴ˂ˆʸʵʳʨʹʯʨʴ
ʱʨʭˀʰʸʰʹ ʿʭʬʲʨ ʪʮʨ ʪʨʫʨ˅ʸʰʲʰʨ, ʸʨʫʪʨʴ ʶʰʸʵʭʴʬʩʨ ʻʱʭʬ
ˆʵʸ˂ʰʬʲʰ ʪʸ˃ʴʵʩʬʩʰʹ ʯʨʴʳˆʲʬʩ ʩʬʫʴʰʬʸʬʩʨʮʬ ʳʨʾʲʨ ʫʪʨʹ.
ʨʳ ʹʰʳʨʾʲʬʮʬ ʨʹʭʲʰʹ ˀʬʳʫʬʪ ʰʵʪʰ ʨʾʨʸʨʹʵʫʬʹ ʳʫʨʩʲʫʬʩʨ,
˄ʰʴʨʨʾʳʫʬʪ ˀʬʳʯˆʭʬʭʨˀʰ ʳʵʹʨʲʵʫʴʬʲʰʨ ʹʻʲʰʬʸʰ ʫʨ˂ʬʳʨ.
ʹʻʲ ʹˆʭʨʨ ʫʾʬʭʨʴʫʬʲʰ ʬʪʸʬʯ˄ʵʫʬʩʻʲʰ ʰʵʪʨʹ ʶʸʨʽʺʰʱʨ,
ʸʵʳʬʲʰ˂ ʳʸʨʭʨʲʳˆʸʰʭ ʪʸ˃ʴʵʩʨʯʨ ʹʰʨʳʵʭʴʬʩʨʹ ʰʺʬʭʹ.
˄ʸʬʪʨʫʨʹʻʲʰ ʳ˃ʻʴʨʵʩʰʯʨ ʫʨ ʽʭʬʴʨ ʪʸ˃ʴʵʩʬʩʰʯ ʳʵ˄ʨʳʲʻʲʰ
ʰʵʪʰ ʹʨʹʨ˂ʰʲʵʫ ʪʨʳʵʰʿʻʸʬʩʨ. ʯʭʰʯ ʰʹʰʴʰ˂ ʱʰ, ʭʰʹʨ˂ ʰʵʪʨʹ
ʹʰʹʺʬʳʰʹ ʹʰʫˈʬʩʰ (ʹʸʻʲʽʳʴʨ) ˆʰʩʲʨʭʯ, ʨ˂ʫʬʴʰʲʴʰ ʨʸʰʨʴ
˅ʬˀʳʨʸʰʺ ʪʮʨʹ.
ʸʵʪʵʸ˂ ʳʵʺʨʴʰʲ ʲʬʽʹˀʰʨ ʫʨʫʨʹʺʻʸʬʩʻʲʰ, ʯʻ ʰʵʪʬʩʹ
ʰʵʪʨʹ ʯʨʴʳˆʲʬʩʰ ˀʬʫʬʪʬʩʰ ʰʮʰʫʨʭʯ, ʹʸʻʲʿʵʼʨʹ ʭʬʸ
ʬʮʰʨʸʬʩʰʨʴ. ʨʳʰʺʵʳ ʳʨʯ, ʭʰʴ˂ ʰʵʪʨʹ ʳʻˀʨʰʯʻʸʰ ʵʹʺʨʺʵʩʰʹ
ʪʨʳʵʭʲʰʴʬʩʰʹʨ ʫʨ ʹʰʫˈʬʩʰʹ ʪʨʳʵ ʳʰʹʫʬʭʬʴ, ʻʴʫʨ ʰ˂ʵʫʴʬʴ,
ʸʵʳ ʨʳʨʵʫ ʰʸˇʬʩʰʨʴ - ʰʵʪʨʹ ˅ʬˀʳʨʸʰʺ ʳʰʮʴʨʳʫʬ ʭʬʸ ʳʰʭʲʬʴ.
ʨʳ ʹʨʻʱʻʴʬˀʰ ʰʵʪʨʹ ʪʨʴˆʵʸ˂ʰʬʲʬʩʰʹ ʹʨʻʱʬʯʬʹʵ ʪʮʨ ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ
˂ʴʵʩʰʬʸʬʩʨ ʪʨˆʲʨʭʯ. ʬʹ ʪʮʨ ˃ʴʬʲʰ ʨʸ ʨʸʰʹ. ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ
˂ʴʵʩʰʬʸʬʩʨˀʰ ʹʨʽʳʰʨʴʵʩʨ ʶʰʸʵʭʴʬʩʨʹ ʩʬʫʴʰʬʸʬʩʰʯ ʨʾʻʭʹʬʩʹ
ʪʻʲʹ ʫʨ ʹˆʭʨ ʸʨʳ ʹʨʹʰˆʨʸʻʲʵ ʨʾʨʸʨ˂ ʹ˅ʰʸʫʬʩʨ.
ˈʨʯˈʨ-ʰʵʪʨʹʨ ʫʨ ˇʴʨʴʨ-ʰʵʪʨʹ ˀʬʹʸʻʲʬʩʨʹ ʻʨʳʸʨʭʰ
ʫʨʩʸʱʵʲʬʩʨ ʨˆʲʨʭʹ, ʪʨʴʹʨʱʻʯʸʬʩʰʯ ʼʨʸʰʹʬʭʲʵʩʰʹ ʮʬʵʩʰʹ
ʹʨʻʱʻʴʬˀʰ. ʹʨʳʨʪʰʬʸʵʫ, ʱʨʸʳʨ-ʰʵʪʨʹʨ ʫʨ ʩˈʨʱʺʰ-ʰʵʪʨʹ
ˀʬʹʸʻʲʬʩʨʹ ʨʸʨʭʰʯʨʸʰ ʶʸʵʩʲʬʳʨ ʨʸ ʮʾʻʫʨʭʹ.
ʹʨʴʨʳ ʳʨʺʬʸʰʨʲʻʸʰ ʹˆʬʻʲʰ ʳʵʹʨʭʹ ʨʫʨʳʰʨʴʰʹ ʹʻʲʹ, ʱʨ˂ʯʨ
ʳʵʫʪʳʨ ʻʨʸʹ ʭʬʸ ʰʺʿʭʰʹ ʳʰ˄ʰʬʸ ʳʵʯˆʵʭʴʰʲʬʩʬʩʮʬ. ʨʹʬʯʰʨ
˅ʨʳʨ, ˃ʰʲʰ, ʯʨʭʰʹ ʫʨ˂ʭʨ ʫʨ ʹʽʬʹʵʩʸʰʭʰ ʻʸʯʰʬʸʯʵʩʨ. ʳʨʪʸʨʳ
˅ʬˀʳʨʸʰʺʰ ʩˈʨʱʺʰ-ʰʵʪʨ, ʨʴʻ ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ ˂ʴʵʩʰʬʸʰ ʨʫʨʳʰʨʴʰ
ʹˆʬʻʲʰʹ ˄ʨʫʰʲʯʨ ˆʳʨʹ ʨʾʨʸ ʻʹʳʬʴʹ, ʨʸ˂ ʻʼʵʸʰʨʽʫʬʩʨ
ʪʨʴ˄ʿʵʩʨ, ʹʰʳˀʭʰʫʰʯ ʰʳʵʸˁʰʲʬʩʹ ˆʵʸ˂ʰʹ ˇʨʴʿʹ. ʹʨʳʨʪʰʬʸʵʫ
ʪʻʲʳʵʫʪʰʴʬʫ ʨʹʸʻʲʬʩʹ ʹʰ˂ʵ˂ˆʲʰʹʨʯʭʰʹ ʨʻ˂ʰʲʬʩʬʲ
ʽʳʬʫʬʩʬʩʹ ʫʨ ʾʭʯʰʻʸʰ ʴʬʺʨʸʬʩʰʯ ʺʱʩʬʩʨ. ʨʾʨʸ˂ ʻʩʬʫʻʸʰ
ˀʬʳʯˆʭʬʭʬʩʰ ʨʾʬʲʭʬʩʹ, ʨʸ˂ ʨʭʨʫʳʿʵʼʵʩʨ, ʸʨʰʳʬʹ ʻʱʳʨʸʵʩʨ,
ʯʭʰʯ ˃ʭʰʸʼʨʹʰ ʨˆʲʵʩʲʰʹ ʹʰʱʭʫʰʲʰ˂ ʱʰ.

21

Tavi meeqvse – dhiana-ioga

ʩˈʨʱʺʰ-ʰʵʪʨʹ ˀʬʳʹʸʻʲʬʩʬʲʹ ʸʨʰʳʬ ˀʬʳʯˆʭʬʭʰʯʵʩʨ ʨʸˁʬʻʲʰ
ʪʮʰʫʨʴ ʭʬʸ ʪʨʫʨʨ˂ʫʬʴʹ. ʸʵʪʵʸ˂ "ʩˈʨʪʨʭʨʫ-ʪʰʺʨˀʰʨ" (2.14)
ʫʨʳʺʱʰ˂ʬʩʻʲʰ:
ʰʪʰ ʰʯʳʬʴʹ ʴʬʩʰʹʳʰʬʸ ʪʨʴʹʨ˂ʫʬʲʹ; ʸʨʱʰ ʰ˂ʰʹ, ʸʵʳ ʿʵʭʬʲʰʭʬ
ʬʹ ˄ʨʸʳʨʭʨʲʰʨ ʫʨ ʳʰʹʰ ʳʵʭʨʲʬʵʩʨ - ʻʼʲʰʹ ʳʹʨˆʻʸʬʩʨ ʳʨʸʨʫʰʻʲʰ.
ʨʳ ʪʮʰʯ ʶʰʸʵʭʴʬʩʨ ʰʵʪʨʹ ʻʳʨʾʲʬʹ ʹʸʻʲʿʵʼʰʲʬʩʨʹ ʨʾ˄ʬʭʹ.
ʲʬʽʹʰ 24
ˀʬʻʶʵʭʸʵʩʰʯʨ ʫʨ ʸ˄ʳʬʴʰʯ ʨʾ˅ʻʸʭʰʲʰ ʨʫʨʳʰʨʴʰ ʪʨʴʻˆʸʬʲʨʫ
ʻʴʫʨ ʳʰˈʿʭʬʩʵʫʬʹ ʰʵʪʨʹ ʨʾʹʸʻʲʬʩʰʹ ʪʮʨʹ, ʻʨʸʰ ʯʽʭʨʹ
ʪʵʴʬʩʨʳˁˆʸʬʱʬʲʵʩʨʹʨ ʫʨ ʼʻʿʬ ʳʹˇʬʲʵʩʬʩʮʬ, ʨʸ ˀʬʰʸˁʰʴʵʹ
ʰʵʺʰʹʵʫʬʴʰ ʳʨʺʬʸʰʨʲʻʸʰ ʹʻʸʭʰʲʰ ʫʨ ʨʳʪʭʨʸʨʫ
ʪʨʴʳʺʱʰ˂ʬʩʻʲʰ ˅ʱʻʰʯ ʳʨʸʯʵʹ ʹʨʱʻʯʨʸ ʯʨʭʰ.
ˀʰʴʨ-ʨʸʹʰ. ʰʵʪʨʹ ʳʰʳʫʬʭʨʸʳʨ ʳʺʱʰ˂ʬʫ, ʳʵʯʳʰʴʬʩʰʯʨ ʫʨ
ʪʨʴʻˆʸʬʲʨʫ ʻʴʫʨ ʪʨʰʨʸʵʹ ʫʨʫʪʰʴʬʩʻʲʰ ˄ʭʸʯʴʨ. ʸ˄ʳʬʴʰʯʨ
ʫʨ ˀʬʻʶʵʭʸʵʩʰʯ ʳʰˈʿʭʬʹ ʨʳ ʪʮʨʹ, ʨʸ ʨˁʽʨʸʫʬʹ, ʳʰʮʴʰʹ
ʳʰʾ˄ʬʭʰʹ ʫʨʿʵʭʴʬʩʨʫ ʪʻʲʰ ʨʸ ʨʻ˂ʸʻʵʹ. ˀʬʻʫʸʬʱʬʲ ʰʵʪʹ
˄ʨʸʳʨʺʬʩʨ ʬʲʰʹ.
ʩˈʨʱʺʰ-ʰʵʪʨʹʯʨʴ ʫʨʱʨʭˀʰʸʬʩʰʯ ʸʻʶʨ ʪʵʹʭʨʳʰ ʨʳʩʵʩʹ:
"ʳˆʵʲʵʫ ʪʻʲ˄ʸʼʬʲʰ ʳʵʴʫʵʳʬʩʰʯ, ˀʬʻʫʸʬʱʬʲʵʩʰʯʨ ʫʨ
ʫʨʸ˄ʳʻʴʬʩʰʯ ˀʬʰ˃ʲʬʩʨ ʩˈʨʱʺʰ-ʰʵʪʨʹ ˄ʨʸʳʨʺʬʩʰʯ
ʪʨʴˆʵʸ˂ʰʬʲʬʩʨ. ʨʳʨʹʯʨʴ ʹʨ˅ʰʸʵʨ ʬʸʯʪʻʲʯʨʯʭʰʹ ʫʨ˄ʬʹʬʩʻʲʰ
ʳʵʭʨʲʬʵʩʬʩʰʹ ˀʬʹʸʻʲʬʩʨ ʫʨ ʹʨʬʸʯʵʫ ʹʨʯʴʵʬʩʨ"
("ʻʶʨʫʬˀʨʳʸʰʺʨ" 3).
ʸʨ˂ ˀʬʬˆʬʩʨ ˀʬʻʶʵʭʸʵʩʨʹ - ʨʫʨʳʰʨʴʳʨ ʰʳ ʩʬʾʻʸʨʹ ʻʴʫʨ
ʳʰˈʩʨ˃ʵʹ, ʸʵʳʬʲʹʨ˂ ʵʱʬʨʴʰʹ ʺʨʲʾʬʩʳʨ ʴʨʶʰʸʮʬ ʫʨʫʬʩʻʲʰ
ʱʭʬʸ˂ˆʬʩʰ ʳʵʹʺʨ˂ʬʹ. ʪʻʲʳʵʱʲʻʲʳʨ ˁʰʵʸʨʳ ʱʭʬʸ˂ˆʬʩʰʹ
ʫʨʩʸʻʴʬʩʨ ʳʵʰʯˆʵʭʨ, ʵʱʬʨʴʬʳ ʱʰ ʳʰʹ ʳʻʫʨʸʨʹ ʿʻʸ ʨʸ ʨʯˆʵʭʨ.
ʳʨˀʰʴ ˁʰʺʳʨ ʳʰʹʰ ʨʳʵˀʸʵʩʨ ʪʨʴʰʮʸʨˆʨ ʫʨ ʶʨ˄ʨ˄ʰʴʨ ʴʰʹʱʨʸʺʰʯ
˄ʿʲʰʹ ʨʳʵˆʨʶʭʨ ʫʨʰ˄ʿʵ. ʪʨʸˀʬʳʵ ʳʿʵʼʯ ʹʨʹʨ˂ʰʲʵʫʨ˂ ʨʸ
ˈʿʵʼʴʰʫʨʯ ʳʰʹʰ ʻʨʮʸʵ ˀʬʻʶʵʭʸʵʩʨ.

22

Tavi meeqvse – dhiana-ioga

ʳʨʲʬ ʬʹ ʨʳʩʨʭʰ ʽʭʬʿʨʴʨʹ ʳʵʬʫʵ ʫʨ ʪʨʸʻʫʨʹ ʿʻʸʨʳʫʬ˂
ʳʰʨʾ˄ʰʨ. ʪʨʸʻʫʨ ʻʮʨʸʳʨʮʨʸʰ ʼʸʰʴʭʬʲʰʨ ʫʨ ʻʼʨʲ ʭʰˀʴʻʹ
ʫʨʨʺʨʸʬʩʹ. ʯʨʭʰʹʰ ʶʨʺʨʸʨ ʳʵ˃ʳʰʹ ʺʱʰʭʰʲʳʨ ʪʻʲʰ
ʹʰʩʸʨʲʻʲʰʯ ʨʻʭʹʵ ʫʨ ʳʰʹ ʹʨʴʨˆʨʭʨʫ ʪʨʬˀʻʸʨ. ʳʰʹʰ
ˀʬʻʶʵʭʸʵʩʰʯ ʳʵˆʰʩʲʻʩʳʨ ʫʨˆʳʨʸʬʩʨ ʨʾʻʯʽʭʨ - ʵʱʬʨʴʬʹ
ʳʰʨʫʪʨ ʫʨ ʱʭʬʸ˂ˆʬʩʰʹ ʫʨʩʸʻʴʬʩʨ ʳʵʹʯˆʵʭʨ, ʨʸʨʫʨ ʩʬʾʻʸʨʹ
ʹʨʽʳʬʹ ʯʭʰʯʵʴ ˀʬʻʫʪʬʩʵʫʨ ʫʨ ʵʱʬʨʴʬʹ ʱʨʸʪʰ ʫʾʬ ʨʸ
ʫʨʨʫʪʬʩʵʫʨ.
ˀʬˀʰʴʫʨ ʵʱʬʨʴʬ ʫʨ ˁʰʺʹ ʱʭʬʸ˂ˆʬʩʰ ʫʨʻʩʸʻʴʨ; ʪʨʸʻʫʨʹ
˄ʿʨʲʵʩʰʯ ʳʨʴ ʩʬʫʴʰʬʸʬʩʨ ˈʶʵʭʨ.
ʳʹʪʨʭʹʨʫ ʨʳʰʹʨ, ʰʵʪʨʹ ˀʬʹʸʻʲʬʩʨ, ʪʨʴʹʨʱʻʯʸʬʩʰʯ ʩˈʨʱʺʰʰʵʪʨʹʰ, ˀʬʰ˃ʲʬʩʨ ʫʨʻ˃ʲʬʭʬʲ ʹʨʽʳʬʫ ʳʵʪʭʬˁʭʬʴʵʹ, ʳʨʪʸʨʳ ʯʻ
ʭʰʴʳʬ ʳʨʹ ʫʰʫʰ ˀʬʻʶʵʭʸʵʩʰʯ ˀʬʬ˅ʰʫʬʩʨ, ʻʼʨʲʰ ʻʹʨʯʻʵʫ
ʫʨʬˆʳʨʸʬʩʨ - ʹʨʱʻʯʨʸʰ ʯʨʭʰʹ ʳˀʭʬʲʬʲʹ ˆʵʳ ʾʳʬʸʯʰ˂
ˀʬʭʬʲʰʹ!..
ʲʬʽʹʰ 25
ʯʨʴʫʨʯʨʴʵʩʰʯ, ʴʨʩʰˇ-ʴʨʩʰˇ, ʸ˄ʳʬʴʰʯ ʪʨʴʳʺʱʰ˂ʬʩʻʲʰ
ʪʵʴʬʩʰʯ ʨʫʨʳʰʨʴʳʨ ʪʨʸʰʴʫʬʩʰʹ ʹʨʼʬˆʻʸʹ ʻʴʫʨ ʳʰʨʾ˄ʰʵʹ, ˅ʱʻʨ
ʳˆʵʲʵʫ ʹʨʱʻʯʨʸ ʹʻʲˀʰ ˁʨʰʩʸʻʴʵʹ ʫʨ ʪʻʲʰʹʿʻʸʰ ʰʹʬ
ʳʵʯʵʱʵʹ, ʸʵʳ ʨʾʨʸʨʼʬʸʮʬ ʪʨʬʽ˂ʬʹ ʯʭʨʲʰ ʫʨ ʼʰʽʸʰ.
ˀʰʴʨ-ʨʸʹʰ. ʹʨʯʨʴʨʫʵ ʸ˄ʳʬʴʰʯʨ ʫʨ ʪʵʴʬʩʰʯ ʨʫʨʳʰʨʴʳʨ
ʯʨʴʫʨʯʨʴʵʩʰʯ ʻʴʫʨ ʪʨ˄ʿʭʰʺʵʹ ʱʨʭˀʰʸʰ ʹʨʱʻʯʨʸ
ʪʸ˃ʴʵʩʬʩʯʨʴ. ʨʳʨʹ ʶʸʨʺʰʨˈʨʸʨ ʬ˄ʵʫʬʩʨ. ʫʨʷʰʴʬʩʻʲʰ
ʫʨˇʬʸʬʩʰʯ, ʪʨʸʰʴʫʬʩʰʯʨ ʫʨ ʪʻʲʰʹʯʽʳʨʯʨ ʪʨʳʵʭʲʰʴʬʩʬʩʰʹ
ʨʾʱʭʬʯʰʯ ʫʨʳʵʸˁʰʲʬʩʻʲʳʨ ˅ʱʻʨʳ ʺʸʨʴʹʹ, ʨʴʻ ʹʨʳʨʫˈʰʹ ʻʴʫʨ
ʳʰʨʾ˄ʰʵʹ. ʨʳʰʹ ˀʬʳʫʬʪ ʻʱʭʬ ʨʾʨʸ ʨʸʹʬʩʵʩʹ ʹʰ˂ʵ˂ˆʲʬʮʬ
ʳʨʺʬʸʰʨʲʰʹʺʻʸ ˀʬˆʬʫʻʲʬʩʨʯʨ ʪʨʳʵʾʭʰ˃ʬʩʰʹ ʹʨˀʰˀʸʵʬʩʨ.
ʹˆʭʨʪʭʨʸʨʫ - ʯʻʳ˂ʨ ʹˆʬʻʲʰʹ ʱʨʸʴʨˆʰʯ ʨʫʨʳʰʨʴʹ ʳʰ˄ʰʬʸ
ʿʵʼʨʹʯʨʴ ʻʸʯʰʬʸʯʵʩʨ ʻˆʫʬʩʨ, ʳʨʰʴ˂ ʻʴʫʨ ʫʨʰˆˀʵʹ
ˆʵʸ˂ʰʹʳʰʬʸ ʭʴʬʩʨʯʨ ʱʨʸʰ. ʻʴʫʨ ʴʰʨʫʨʴ ʱʸʰˀʴʨʮʬ ʰʼʰʽʸʵʹ ʫʨ
ʨʳʰʹ ˄ʿʨʲʵʩʰʯ ʳʰʨʾ˄ʬʭʹ ʹʸʻʲʿʵʼʨʹ.

23

Tavi meeqvse – dhiana-ioga

ʲʬʽʹʰ 26
ʳʬʸʿʬʭʰ ʫʨ ʻʴʰʨʯʵ ˅ʱʻʰʹ ʯʭʨʲʰ ʫʨ ʼʰʽʸʰ ʨʽʬʯ-ʰʽʰʯ ʨ˄ʿʫʬʩʨ,
ʨʫʨʳʰʨʴʳʨ ʱʰ ʻʴʫʨ ˀʬ˃ʲʵʹ ʿʵʭʬʲʰʭʬ ʳʵʨʽ˂ʰʵʹ ʯʨʭʰʹʰ
ʪʨʳʪʬʩʲʵʩʰʹ ʽʭʬˀʬʭʸʫʵʳʵʩʨˀʰ ʫʨ ʫʨʻʳʵʸˁʰʲʵʹ ʹʨʱʻʯʨʸ ʳʬʹ.
ˀʰʴʨ-ʨʸʹʰ. ʯʨʭʰʹʰ ʩʻʴʬʩʰʯ ˅ʱʻʨ ʨʸʨʳʺʱʰ˂ʬʨ ʫʨ ʳʰʳʵʽ˂ʬʭʨʫʰ,
ʳʨʪʸʨʳ ʯʨʭʰʹʰ ʯʨʭʰʹ ˀʬʳ˂ʴʵʩʳʨ ʰʵʪʳʨ ʻʴʫʨ ˀʬ˃ʲʵʹ ˅ʱʻʨʹ
˄ʨʨʸʯʭʨʹ ʳʨʸʯʭʰʹ ʹʨʫʨʭʬʬʩʰ ʫʨ ʯʨʭʨʫ ʪʨʻ˃ʾʭʬʹ ʳʨʹ. ʭʰʴʨ˂ ˅ʱʻʨ
(ʫʨ ʪʸ˃ʴʵʩʬʩʰ˂) ʫʨʰʻʸʭʨ, ʪʵʹʭʨʳʰ, ʨʴʻ ʹʭʨʳʰ ʬ˄ʵʫʬʩʨ, ˆʵʲʵ
˅ʱʻʰʹʨʪʨʴ ʻʾʬʲʫʨʫʪʳʻʲʹ - ʪʵ-ʫʨʹʨ - ʪʸ˃ʴʵʩʨʯ ʳʹʨˆʻʸʰ.
ʪʵʹʭʨʳʰʳ ʰ˂ʰʹ, ʸʨ ʨʸʰʹ ʪʸ˃ʴʵʩʰʹʳʰʬʸʰ ʩʬʫʴʰʬʸʬʩʨ.
ʺʸʨʴʹ˂ʬʴʫʬʴʺʻʸʰ ʪʸ˃ʴʵʩʬʩʰ ˈʸʰˀʰʱʬˀʨʹ, ʨʴʻ ʳʨʯʹ ʻʮʬʴʨʬʹ
ʳʼʲʵʩʬʲʹ - ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ ʴʬʺʨʸʿʵʼʴʨʹ ʬʳʹʨˆʻʸʬʩʰʨʴ. ʪʨ˄ʳʬʴʫʰʲʰ
ʪʸ˃ʴʵʩʬʩʰʯ ʻʼʲʰʹ ʹʨʳʹʨˆʻʸʹ ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ ˂ʴʵʩʰʬʸʬʩʨ ˈʽʭʰʨ.
ʬʹ ʨʸʰʹ ʪʸ˃ʴʵʩʬʩʰʹ ʫʨʳʵʸˁʰʲʬʩʰʹ ʪʮʨ. ʻʼʸʵ ʳʬʺʰ˂ - ʬʹ
ʰʵʪʨʹ ʹʰʹʺʬʳʰʹ ʻʳʨʾʲʬʹʰ ʹʸʻʲʿʵʼʰʲʬʩʨ ʪʨˆʲʨʭʯ.
ʲʬʽʹʰ 27
ʰʵʪʰ, ʸʵʳʲʰʹ ˂ʴʵʩʰʬʸʬʩʨ ˁʬʳʹʱʬʴ ʨʸʰʹ ʳʵʳʨʸʯʻʲʰ,
ʻʬ˅ʭʬʲʨʫ ˈʶʵʭʬʩʹ ʾʭʯʰʻʸ ʩʬʫʴʰʬʸʬʩʨʹ ʫʨ ʻʳʨʾʲʬʹ
ʹʸʻʲʿʵʼʨʹ. ʭʴʬʩʰʹʳʰʬʸ ʪʻʲʰʹʯʽʳʨʯʨ ʳʰʾʳʨ ʳʿʵʼʹ ˀʬʪʴʬʩʻʲʰ
ʨʽʭʹ ʻʮʬʴʨʬʹʯʨʴ ʯʨʭʰʹʰ ʯʭʰʹʵʩʸʰʭʰ ʬʸʯʨʸʹʬʩʵʩʨ ʫʨ ʨʳʰʯ
ʪʨʸʫʨʹʻʲ ˂ʵʫʭʨʯʨʪʨʴ ʯʨʭʰʹʻʼʲʫʬʩʨ.
ˀʰʴʨ-ʨʸʹʰ. ʩʸʨˈʳʨ-ʩˈʻʺʨʹ ʳʫʪʵʳʨʸʬʵʩʨˀʰ ʨʫʨʳʰʨʴʰ ʳʰ˄ʰʬʸʰ
ʻ˄ʳʰʴʫʻʸʬʩʰʹʨʪʨʴ ʪʨʴʰ˄ʳʰʴʫʬʩʨ ʫʨ ʻʼʲʰʹ ʺʸʨʴʹ˂ʬʴʫʬʴʺʻʸ
ʹʨʳʹʨˆʻʸʹ ˀʬʻʫʪʬʩʨ. ʳʨʫ-ʩˈʨʱʺʰʳ ʲʨʩˈʨʺʬ ʶʨʸʨʳ ("ʩ.ʪ." 18.54) ˀʬʻ˃ʲʬʩʬʲʰʨ ʩʸʨˈʳʨʴʯʨʴ - ʨʩʹʵʲʻʺʻʸ ʬʸʯʯʨʴ - ʳʰʳʹʪʨʭʹʬʩʨ,
ʹʨʴʨʳ ʱʨ˂ʰʹ ˂ʴʵʩʰʬʸʬʩʨ ʻʼʲʰʹ ʲʵʺʵʹʰʹʫʨʸʰ ʺʬʸʼʬʩʰʹʨʱʬʴ
ʨʸ ʰʽʴʬʩʨ ʳʰʶʿʸʵʩʰʲʰ.
ʹʨ ʭʨʰ ʳʨʴʨˈ ʱʸʰˀʴʨ-ʶʨʸʨʫʨʸʰʴʫʨʰʵˈ - ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ ˄ʳʰʴʫʨ
ʹʨʳʹʨˆʻʸʰ, ʳʰʹʰ ˂ʴʵʩʰʬʸʬʩʰʯ ʪʨʴʨʯʬʩʻʲʰ ʿʵʼʴʨ ʭʴʬʩʰʹ

24

Tavi meeqvse – dhiana-ioga

ʪʻʴʨʹʨʯʭʰʹ ʫʨʳʨˆʨʹʰʨʯʬʩʬʲ ʳʰ˄ʰʬʸ ʻ˄ʳʰʴʫʻʸʬʩʨʯʨʪʨʴ
ʪʨʴʯʨʭʰʹʻʼʲʬʩʨʹ ʴʰˀʴʨʭʹ.
ʲʬʽʹʰ 28
ʰʵʪʰ - ʹʨʱʻʯʨʸʰ ʯʨʭʰʹ ʳʩʸ˃ʨʴʬʩʬʲʰ ʫʨ ʳʻʫʨʳ ʰʵʪʨʹ
ˀʬʳʹʸʻʲʬʩʬʲʰ - ˁʨʳʵʰʸʬ˂ˆʹ ʿʵʼʰʬʸʬʩʰʹ ˅ʻ˅ʿʹ ʫʨ
ʪʨʴʹʶʬʺʨʱʬʩʻʲʰ ʻʼʲʰʹ ʺʸʨʴʹ˂ʬʴʫʬʴʺʻʸ ʪʨʴ˂ˆʸʵʳʨʹ
ʳʹʨˆʻʸʨʫ ʫʨʻʫʪʬʩʨ, ʸʨʯʨ ʯʨʭʨʫʨ˂ ʾʭʯʰʻʸ ʹʰˆʨʸʻʲʹ
ʬʮʰʨʸʵʹ.
ˀʰʴʨ-ʨʸʹʰ. ʹʨʱʻʯʨʸʰ ʯʨʭʰʹ ˀʬ˂ʴʵʩʨ ʻʮʬʴʨʬʹʯʨʴ
ʫʨʳʵʱʰʫʬʩʻʲʬʩʰʹ ʪʨʪʬʩʨʹ ʴʰˀʴʨʭʹ. ʰʴʫʰʭʰʫʻʨʲʻʸʰ ʹʻʲʰ
ʻʼʲʰʹ ʪʨʴʻʿʵʼʬʲʰ ʴʨ˄ʰʲʰʨ, ʨʳʰʺʵʳʨ˂ ʳʰʹʰ ʫʨʴʰˀʴʻʲʬʩʨ
ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ ʺʸʨʴʹ˂ʬʴʫʬʴʺʻʸ ʳʹʨˆʻʸʬʩʨˀʰʨ. ʻʮʬʴʨʬʹʯʨʴ ʨʳʪʭʨʸ
ʹʻʲʰʬʸ ʱʨʭˀʰʸʹ ʩʸʨˈʳʨ-ʹʨʳʹʶʨʸˀʨ ʬ˄ʵʫʬʩʨ.
ʲʬʽʹʰ 29
˅ʬˀʳʨʸʰʺʰ ʰʵʪʰ ʿʵʭʬʲ ʨʸʹʬʩʨʹʨ ʫʨ ʨʸʹˀʰ ʳʬ - ʬʸʯʨʫʬʸʯʹ ʳˆʬʫʨʭʹ ʫʨ ʿʵʭʬʲʹ ʨʸʹʬʩʨʹʨ˂ ˁʬʳˀʰ ʳʵʰʨʮʸʬʩʹ. ʨʹʬʭʬ ʹʨʱʻʯʨʸʰ
ʯʨʭʰʹ ˀʬʳ˂ʴʵʩʰ ʹʻʲʰ ʿʭʬʲʪʨʴ ʫʨ ʿʭʬʲʨʼʬʸˀʰ ˁʬʳʹ
ʬʸʯʨʫʬʸʯʵʩʨʹ ˅ʭʸʬʺʹ, ʸʵʪʵʸ˂ ʻʮʬʴʨʬʹ ʻʼʨʲʹ.
ˀʰʴʨ-ʨʸʹʰ. ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ ˂ʴʵʩʰʬʸʬʩʨˀʰ ʳʿʵʼʰ ʰʵʪʰʹ ʪʨʳʨˆʭʰʲʬʩʻʲʰ
ʯʭʨʲʯʨˆʬʫʭʨ ʳʰʽ˂ʬʻʲʰʨ ʻʼʲʰʹʨʱʬʴ, ʸʵʳʬʲʰ˂ ʿʭʬʲʨ
ʹʻʲʫʪʳʻʲʰʹ ʪʻʲˀʰʨ ʮʬʹʻʲʰʹ (ʶʨʸʨʳʨʺʳʨʹ) ʹʨˆʰʯ.
ʰˀʭʨʸʨˈ ʹʨʸʭʨ-ʩˈʻʺʨʴʨʳ ˈʸʰʫ-ʫʬˀʬ 'ʸˇʻʴʨ ʺʰˀʯˈʨʺʰ ʶʨʸʨʳʨʺʳʨʹ ʹʨˆʰʯ ʻʼʨʲʰ ʬʸʯʴʨʰʸʨʫ ʹʻʼʬʭʹ ʸʵʪʵʸ˂ ˃ʨʾʲʰʹ,
ʨʹʬʭʬ ʩʸʨˈʳʨʴʰʹ ʪʻʲˀʰ. ʹʸʻʲʿʵʼʰʲʳʨ ʰʵʪʳʨ ʰ˂ʰʹ, ʸʵʳ ʻʼʨʲʰ
ʳʨʸʨʫ ʺʸʨʴʹ˂ʬʴʫʬʴʺʻʸʰʨ ʫʨ ʰʽʴʬʩʨ ˃ʨʾʭʲʰʹ ʯʻ ʩʸʨˈʳʨʴʰʹ
ʹˆʬʻʲˀʰ, ʳʨʺʬʸʰʨ ʳʨʹʮʬ ʨʸʨʭʰʯʨʸ ʪʨʭʲʬʴʨʹ ʨʸ ʨˆʫʬʴʹ. ʨʹʬʯʰʨ
ʻʼʲʰʹ ʻʳʨʾʲʬʹʰ ʯʨʴʨʩʨʸˆʬʫʭʨ.
ʬʸʯ ʰʴʫʰʭʰʫʻʨʲʻʸ ʪʻʲˀʰ ʬʸʯʰ ʰʴʫʰʭʰʫʻʨʲʻʸʰ ʹʻʲʰʨ,
ʮʬʹʻʲʰ ʱʰ ʿʭʬʲʨʹ ʪʻʲˀʰʨ. ʭʰʴ˂ ʰʵʪʨʹ ʪʻʲʰʹʪʨʸʬʯ
ʨʹʸʻʲʬʩʹ, ʨʳʨʹ ʭʬʸ˂ ʫʨʰʴʨˆʨʭʹ. ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ ˂ʴʵʩʰʬʸ ʶʰʸʵʭʴʬʩʨʹ
ʻʼʲʰʹ ʶʵʭʴʨ ʳʵʸ˄ʳʻʴʰʹ ʪʻʲˀʰ˂ ˀʬʻ˃ʲʰʨ ʫʨ ʻʸ˄ʳʻʴʵʹʰ˂.

25

Tavi meeqvse – dhiana-ioga

ʹʳʸʰʺʰ ʨʳʨʹ ʨʹʬ ʨʳʺʱʰ˂ʬʩʹ: ʻʼʨʲʰ ʿʵʭʲʰʹ ʨʸʹʬʩʵʩʰʹ
ʶʰʸʭʬʲ˄ʿʨʸʵ, ʳʨʯʰ ʳˀʵʩʬʲʰ ʫʨ ʳʨʹʻʲʫʪʳʻʲʬʩʬʲʰʨ. ʸʵʪʵʸ˂
ʫʬʫʨ ʳʰʻʱʬʸ˃ʵʬʩʬʲʰʨ ˀʭʰʲʬʩʰʹ ʳʰʳʨʸʯ, ʻʮʬʴʨʬʹʰ˂ ʿʭʬʲʨʹ
ʬʸʯʴʨʰʸʨʫ ʬʶʿʸʵʩʨ.
ʿʵʭʬʲʰ ˂ʵ˂ˆʨʲʰ ʨʸʹʬʩʨ ʪʨʸʬʪʴʻʲʨʫʨ˂ ʻʼʲʰʹ ʬʴʬʸʪʰʨˀʰʨ.
ʸʵʪʵʸ˂ ʳʬˀʭʰʫʬ ʯʨʭˀʰ ʰʽʴʬʩʨ ʪʨʴʳʨʸʺʬʩʻʲʰ, ʻʮʬʴʨʬʹʰ ʵʸ
˃ʰʸʰʯʨʫ ʬʴʬʸʪʰʨʹ ʼʲʵʩʹ: ʹʻʲʰʬʸʹ (ʻʳʨʾʲʬʹʹ) ʫʨ
ʳʨʺʬʸʰʨʲʻʸʹ (ʻʳʫʨʩʲʬʹʹ). ʯʻʳ˂ʨ ʹʻʲʫʪʳʻʲʰ ʻʳʨʾʲʬʹʰ
ʬʴʬʸʪʰʰʹ ʴʨ˄ʰʲʰʨ, ʳʨʺʬʸʰʨʲʻʸ ʿʵʼʰʬʸʬʩʨˀʰ ʻʳʫʨʩʲʬʹʰ
ʬʴʬʸʪʰʰʯ ʨʸʰʹ ʫʨʾʫʨʹʳʻʲʰ.
ʿʵʭʬʲʰ ʹʰ˂ʵ˂ˆʲʬ ʳʨʸʨʫ ʻʼʲʰʹ ʬʴʬʸʪʰʨˀʰʨ, ʯʨʭʰʹʰ
ʹʨˆʬʵʩʸʰʭʰ ʳʸʨʭʨʲʼʬʸʵʭʴʬʩʰʯ.
ʰʵʪʰ˂ ʿʭʬʲʨʼʬʸʹ ʬʸʯʴʨʰʸʨʫ ʨʾʰʽʭʨʳʹ, ʭʰʴʨʰʫʨʴ ˆʬʫʨʭʹ, ʸʵʳ
ʯʻʳ˂ʨ ʱʨʸʳʰʻʲʰ ˀʳʸʵʰʹ ˀʬʫʬʪʬʩʰʹ ʱʭʨʲʵʩʨʮʬ ˂ʵ˂ˆʨʲʰ
ʨʸʹʬʩʬʩʰ ʹˆʭʨʫʨʹˆʭʨ ʪʨʸʬʳʵʬʩʰʹ ʳʹˆʭʬʸʶʲʴʰ ˆʫʬʩʰʨʴ, ʿʵʭʬʲʰ
ʳʨʯʪʨʴʰ ʳʨʰʴ˂ ʾʳʬʸʯʰʹ ʪʨʴʻʿʵʼʬʲ ʴʨ˄ʰʲʨʫ ʸˁʬʩʨ.
ʳʨʺʬʸʰʨʲʻʸ ʬʴʬʸʪʰʨˀʰ ʳʵʽ˂ʬʻʲʰ ʨʫʨʳʰʨʴʰ ʳʰ˄ʰʬʸ ʪʸ˃ʴʵʩʬʩʹ
ʬʳʹʨˆʻʸʬʩʨ, ʹʻʲʰʬʸ ʬʴʬʸʪʰʨˀʰ ʳʿʵʼʰ ʱʰ ʳˆʵʲʵʫ ʻʮʬʴʨʬʹ
ʻʼʨʲʹ. ʯʨʭʰʹʰ ʨʸʹʬʩʵʩʰʹ ʩʻʴʬʩʰʯʨ ʫʨ ʫʨʴʰˀʴʻʲʬʩʰʯ
˂ʵ˂ˆʨʲʰ ʨʸʹʬʩʨ ʾʳʬʸʯʰʹ ʳʹʨˆʻʸʰʨ. ʨʹʬʯ ˄ʵʴʨʹ˄ʵʸʵʩʨʹ
ʹʸʻʲʿʵʼʰʲʨʫ ˆʬʫʨʭʹ ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ ˂ʴʵʩʰʬʸʬʩʨˀʰ ʳʿʵʼʰ .
ʲʬʽʹʰ 30
ʭʰʴ˂ ʿʵʭʬʲʰʭʬˀʰ ʳʬ ʳˆʬʫʨʭʹ ʫʨ ʿʵʭʬʲʰʭʬʹ - ˁʬʳˀʰ, ʳʨʸʨʫ
ˁʬʳʯʨʴ ʳʿʵʼʰʨ ʫʨ ʳʬ˂ ʨʸʨʹʵʫʬʹ ʪʨʴʭʰˀʵʸʬʩ ʳʨʹ.
ˀʰʴʨ-ʨʸʹʰ. ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ ˂ʴʵʩʰʬʸʰ ʿʭʬʲʨʼʬʸʹ ʻʼʲʰʹ ʪʨʴʻˀʵʸʬʩʬʲ
ʴʨ˄ʰʲʨʫ ʨʾʰʽʭʨʳʹ. ˀʬʰ˃ʲʬʩʨ ʳʵʪʭʬˁʭʬʴʵʹ, ʸʵʳ ʰʪʰ
ʳʨʺʬʸʰʨʲʻʸ ʩʻʴʬʩʨʹ ʫʨʳʵʻʱʰʫʬʩʬʲ, ˂ʨʲʱʬʻʲ
ʪʨʳʵʭʲʰʴʬʩʬʩʨʫ ʳʰʰˁʴʬʭʹ, ʳʨʪʸʨʳ ʬʹ ʨʹʬ ʨʸ ʨʸʰʹ - ʬʹ ʶʰʸʵʭʴʬʩʨ
ʿʵʭʬʲʰʭʬʹ ʨ˂ʴʵʩʰʬʸʬʩʹ ʸʵʪʵʸ˂ ʳʯʲʰʨʴ ʫʨ ʫʨʻʴʨ˄ʬʭʸʬʩʬʲ
"ʬʸʯʹ" - ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ, ʸʨʫʪʨʴ ʰ˂ʰʹ, ʸʵʳ ʬʹ ʹʨʳʿʨʸʵ ʿʵʭʲʰʯʨ ʫʨ
ʿʭʬʲʨʼʸʰʯ ʻʼʲʰʹ ʬʴʬʸʪʰʰʹ ʶʰʸʳˀʵʨ. ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ ʪʨʸʬˀʬ ʳʯʬʲʰ
ʱʵʹʳʰʻʸʰ ʪʨʴʼʬʴʰʲʵʩʨ ʳʵʱʲʬʩʻʲʰʨ ʨʸʹʬʩʵʩʨʹ.

26

Tavi meeqvse – dhiana-ioga

ʨʰ, ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ ˂ʴʵʩʰʬʸʬʩʰʹ ˃ʰʸʰʯʨʫʰ ʶʸʰʴ˂ʰʶʰ!..
ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ ˀʬ˂ʴʵʩʨ ˆʫʬʩʨ ʳʰʹʰ ʹʰʿʭʨʸʻʲʰʹ ʨʳʨʾʲʬʩʰʹ ʪʮʰʯ. ʬʹ
ʹʰʿʭʨʸʻʲʰ ʳʨʺʬʸʰʰʹʨʪʨʴ ʪʨʴʯʨʭʰʹʻʼʲʬʩʨʮʬ ʳʨʾʲʨ ʫʪʨʹ,
ʹʨʱʻʯʨʸʰ ʯʨʭʰʹ ˀʬ˂ʴʵʩʰʹ ʩʬʫʴʰʬʸʬʩʨʹ ʨʾʬʳʨʺʬʩʨ - ʬʹ ʨʸʰʹ
ʬʸʯʪʻʲʰʹ ˀʬʸ˄ʿʳʨ ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹʯʴ ʰʳ ʪʨʪʬʩʰʯ, ʸʵʳ ʻʼʨʲʰ
ʹʰʿʭʨʸʻʲʰʯ ʨʾʨʭʹʬʩʹ ʳʯʬʲ ʳʰʹ ʨʸʹʬʩʨʹ, ʫʨ ʯʭʰʴʰʬʸ ʻʼʲʰʹʨ
ʨʾʨʸʨʼʬʸʰ ʸˁʬʩʨ ʳʨʹˀʰ. ʨʹʬʯ ʫʸʵʹ ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹʨ ʫʨ ʬʸʯʪʻʲʹ
ˀʵʸʰʹ ʳʿʨʸʫʬʩʨ ʻʨʾʸʬʹʨʫ ʨˆʲʵ, ʯʩʰʲʰ ʻʸʯʰʬʸʯʵʩʨ. ʨʳ
ʹʨʼʬˆʻʸʮʬ ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ ʱʻʸʯˆʬʭʰʯ ʪʨʹˆʰʭʵʹʴʫʬʩʨ ʫʨ ʳʰʹʰ
ʯʭʨʲʹʨ˄ʰʬʸʰʫʨʴ ʨʾʨʸʨʹʵʫʬʹ ʽʸʬʩʨ ʻʼʨʲʰ.
ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹʯʨʴ ˀʬʸ˄ʿʳʨ ʹʻʲʰʬʸ ʪʨʫʨˁʸʬʴʨʹʨ ʫʨ ʻʱʭʫʨʭʬʩʨʹ
ʴʰˀʴʨʭʹ. "ʩʸʨˈʳʨ-ʹʨʳˈʰʺʨˀʰ" ʴʨʯʽʭʨʳʰʨ (5.38):
"ʳʬ ʭʬʯʨʿʭʨʴʬʩʰ ʯʨʭʫʨʶʰʸʭʬʲ ʻʼʨʲʹ, ʪʵʭʰʴʫʨʹ, ʭʰʹʱʬʴʨ˂
ʳʨʸʨʫ ʳʰʶʿʸʵʩʰʲʰʨ ʬʸʯʪʻʲʰʹ ʯʭʨʲʬʩʰ, ʸʵʳʬʲʯʨ˂
ʹʰʿʭʨʸʻʲʰʹ ʳʨʲʨʳʵ ʨʽʭʯ ˄ʨ˂ˆʬʩʻʲʰ. ʻʼʨʲʰ ʨʳ ˆʬʫʭʨʹ
ʬʭʲʰʴʬʩʨ ˀʰʨʳʨʹʻʴʫʨʸʨʹ ʳʨʸʨʫʰʻʲʰ ʼʵʸʳʰʯ ʫʨ ʬʸʯʪʻʲʰ
ʱʨ˂ʰʹ ʪʻʲˀʰ ʳʱʭʰʫʸʭʫʬʩʨ."
ʨʳ ʹʨʼʬˆʻʸʮʬ ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ ʯʭʨʲʯʨʪʨʴ ʨʸʨʹʵʫʬʹ ʳʰʬʼʨʸʬʩʨ
ʬʸʯʪʻʲʰ ʫʨ ʨʸ˂ ʬʸʯʪʻʲʰʹ ʯʭʨʲʹʨ˄ʰʬʸʰʫʨʴ ʽʸʬʩʨ ʻʼʨʲʰ.
ʰʪʰʭʬ ʰʯʽʳʰʹ ʰʵʪʮʬ˂, ʸʵʳʬʲʰ˂ ˄ʳʰʴʫʨ ʬʸʯʪʻʲʰ ˆʫʬʩʨ. ʰʪʰ ʹʨʱʻʯʨʸ ʯʨʭˀʰ ˁʨ˃ʰʸʻʲʰ - ʻʼʨʲʹ, ʶʨʸʨʳʨʺʳʨʹ, ˆʬʫʨʭʹ ʫʨ ʨʳ
ˆʰʲʭʰʹ ʪʨʸʬˀʬ ˄ʨʳʹʨ˂ ʭʬʸ ʹ˃ʲʬʩʹ.
ʲʬʽʹʰ 31
ʰʵʪʰ, ʸʵʳʬʲʰ˂ ʯʨʿʭʨʴʰʹ˂ʬʳʰʯ ʬʳʹʨˆʻʸʬʩʨ ʻʼʨʲʹ ʫʨ ˁʬʳʰ ʫʨ
ʶʨʸʨʳʨʺʳʨʹ ʰʪʰʭʬʵʩʨʹ ʨʾʰʨʸʬʩʹ, ʳʻʫʨʳ ˁʬʳˀʰ ʫʨ ˁʬʳʯʨʴ ʳʿʵʼʰʨ.
ˀʰʴʨ-ʨʸʹʰ. ʰʵʪʰ, ʸʵʳʲʰʹ ʳʬʫʰʺʨ˂ʰʨ ʮʬʹʻʲʰʹʨʱʬʴ ʨʸʰʹ
ʳʰʳʨʸʯʻʲʰ, ʹʨʱʻʯʨʸ ʪʻʲˀʰ ˆʬʫʨʭʹ ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ ʹʸʻʲ
ʪʨʳʵʭʲʰʴʬʩʨʹ - ʵʯˆˆʬʲʰʨʴ ʭʰˀʴʻʹ, ʸʵʳʬʲʹʨ˂ ˂ʨʲʱʬʻʲʰ
ˆʬʲʰʯ ʻʶʿʸʰʨ ʴʰʷʨʸʨ, ʫʰʹʱʵ, ʱʭʬʸʯˆʰ ʫʨ ʲʵʺʵʹʰʹ ʿʭʨʭʰʲʰ.
ʰʵʪʳʨ ʻʴʫʨ ʰ˂ʵʫʬʹ, ʸʵʳ ʭʰˀʴʻ ʰʪʰʭʬ ʱʸʰˀʴʨʨ, ʸʵʳʬʲʰ˂
ʮʬʹʻʲʰʹ ʹʨˆʰʯ ʿʭʬʲʨʹ ʪʻʲˀʰʨ, ʿʭʬʲʪʨʴ ʬʸʯʰʫʨʰʪʰʭʬ ʫʨ
ʻ˂ʭʨʲʬʩʬʲʰ.

27

Tavi meeqvse – dhiana-ioga

ʨʸ ʨʸʹʬʩʵʩʹ ʪʨʴʹˆʭʨʭʬʩʨ ʳʻʫʳʰʭ ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ ʺʸʨʴʹ˂ʬʴʫʬʴʺʻʸʰ
ʹʨʹʰʿʭʨʸʻʲʵ ʳʹʨˆʻʸʬʩʰʯ ʫʨʱʨʭʬʩʻʲ ʶʰʸʵʭʴʬʩʨʹʨ ʫʨ
ʳʬʫʰʺʨ˂ʰʯ ʮʬʹʻʲʰʹ ʳˆʰʲʭʬʲ ʹʸʻʲʿʵʼʰʲ ʰʵʪʹ ˀʵʸʰʹ.
ʯʻʳ˂ ʨʳʽʭʬʿʴʰʻʸ ʿʵʼʰʬʸʬʩʨˀʰ ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ ˂ʴʵʩʰʬʸʰ ʰʵʪʰ
ˀʬʰ˃ʲʬʩʨ ʨʯʨʹ ʹʨʽʳʰʨʴʵʩʨʹ ʳʰʹʫʬʭʫʬʹ, ʳʨʰʴ˂ ʳʨʸʨʫ ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹʯʨʴ
ʨʸʰʹ ˀʬʸʯʻʲʰ. ʨʳʨʹ ˀʸʰʲʨ ʸʻʶʨ ʪʵʹʭʨʳʰ "ʩˈʨʱʺʰ-ʸʨʹʨʳʸʰʺʨʹʰʴʫˈʻˀʰ" (1.2.187) ʨʳʺʱʰ˂ʬʩʹ - ʻʼʲʰʹ ʬʸʯʪʻʲʰ, ʸʵʳʬʲʰ˂
ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ ˂ʴʵʩʰʬʸʬʩʰʯ ʳʵʽʳʬʫʬʩʹ, ʯʨʭʰʹʯʨʭʨʫ
ʪʨʴʯʨʭʰʹʻʼʲʬʩʻʲʰ ʹʻʲʰʨ. "ʴʨʸʨʫʨ-ʶʨʴˁʨʸʨʺʸʨˀʰ" ʬʹ ʨʮʸʰ
ʨʹʬʨ ʫʨʫʨʹʺʻʸʬʩʻʲʰ:
ʱʸʰˀʴʨ ʫʸʵʰʹʨ ʫʨ ʹʰʭʸ˂ʰʹ ʳʰʾʳʨʨ ʫʨ ʿʵʭʲʰʹʪʨʳ˅ʵʲʰ. ʳʰʹ
ʺʸʨʴʹ˂ʬʴʫʬʴʺʻʸ ʼʵʸʳʨʮʬ ʿʻʸʨʫʾʬʩʰʹ ʯʨʭʳʵʿʸʰʯ ʨʫʨʳʰʨʴʰ
ʻʼʨʲʮʬ ʼʰʽʸʰʯ ʨʾʰʭʹʬʩʨ, ʯʨʴʫʨʯʨʴ ʻʨˆʲʵʭʫʬʩʨ ʳʨʹ ʫʨ
ʾʭʯʰʻʸʰ ʻʸʯʰʬʸʯʵʩʰʹ ˄ʿʨʲʵʩʰʯ ʻʳʨʾʲʬʹ ʴʬʺʨʸʬʩʨʹ
ʨʾ˄ʬʭʹ."
ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ ˂ʴʵʩʰʬʸʬʩʨʹ ʰʵʪʨʹ ʶʸʨʽʺʰʱʨˀʰ ʺʸʨʴʹʰʹ ʻʳʨʾʲʬʹ
ʹʨʼʬˆʻʸʮʬ ʨʾ˄ʬʭʬʴ. ʶʰʸʵʭʴʬʩʰʹ ʪʨʴ˄ʳʬʴʫʨ ˆʫʬʩʨ ʰʳʰʹ
ˀʬʪʴʬʩʰʯ, ʸʵʳ ʱʸʰˀʴʨ ʿʭʬʲʨʹ ʪʻʲˀʰ ʶʨʸʨʳʨʺʳʨʹ ʹʨˆʰʯ ʹʻʼʬʭʹ.
ʭʬʫʬʩˀʰ ("ʪʵʶʨʲʨ-ʺʨʶʨʴʰ ʻʶʨʴʰˀʨʫʰ" 1.21) ʻʼʲʰʹ
ʰʪʨʭʳʰʻ˄ʭʫʵʳʬʲʰ ʻʴʨʸʰ ʨʹʬʨ ʫʨˆʨʹʰʨʯʬʩʻʲʰ:
"ʭʰˀʴʻ ʬʸʯʰʨ, ʳʨʪʸʨʳ ʿʵʭʲʰʹʪʨʳ˅ʵʲʰ. ʳʰʻˆʬʫʨʭʨʫ ʬʸʯʰ
ʼʵʸʳʰʹʨ, ʯʨʭʰʹʰ ˄ʨʸʳʵʻʫʪʬʴʬʲʰ ʻʴʨʸʰʹ ˄ʿʨʲʵʩʰʯ ʿʭʬʲʪʨʴ
ʰʳʿʵʼʬʩʨ ʳʹʪʨʭʹʨʫ ʳʮʰʹʨ, ʸʵʳʬʲʰ˂ ʬʸʯʰʨ, ʳʨʪʸʨʳ
ʬʸʯʫʸʵʻʲʨʫ ʳʸʨʭʨʲʪʨʴ ʫʨ ʳʸʨʭʨʲʰ ʳˆʸʰʫʨʴ ˁʨʴʹ."
ʲʬʽʹʰ 32
ʵ, ʨʸˇʻʴʨ, ʹʸʻʲʿʵʼʰʲʰʨ ʰʵʪʰ, ʸʵʳʬʲʰ˂ ʹʨʱʻʯʨʸ ʳʬʵʩʨʹ
ʫʨʴʨʸˁʬʴʰ ˂ʵ˂ˆʨʲʰ ʨʸʹʬʩʬʩʰʹ ʺʵʲʨʫ ʳʰʰˁʴʬʭʹ ʿʭʬʲʪʨʴ ˅ʰʸˀʰ˂ ʫʨ ʲˆʰʴˀʰ˂.
ˀʰʴʨ-ʨʸʹʰ. ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ ˂ʴʵʩʰʬʸʰ ʶʰʸʵʭʴʬʩʨ ʹʸʻʲʿʵʼʰʲʰ ʰʵʪʰʨ.
ʿʭʬʲʨʹ ʲˆʰʴʹʨ ʫʨ ʺʱʰʭʰʲʹ ʹʨʱʻʯʨʸʰʭʰʯ ʪʨʴʰ˂ʫʰʹ.
˂ʵ˂ˆʨʲʰ ʨʸʹʬʩʰʹ ʺʨʴˇʭʰʹ ʳʰʮʬʮʰ ʾʳʬʸʯʯʨʴ ʻʸʯʰʬʸʯʵʩʰʹ
ʫʨʭʰ˄ʿʬʩʨʨ, ʩʬʫʴʰʬʸʬʩʰʹ ʳʵʳʴʰ˅ʬʩʬʲʰ ʳʰʮʬʮʰ ʱʰ ʰʳʰʹ ˀʬ˂ʴʵʩʨ,

28

Tavi meeqvse – dhiana-ioga

ʸʵʳ ʱʸʰˀʴʨ ʿʵʭʬʲʰ ʶʲʨʴʬʺʰʹʨ ʫʨ ʳʯʬʲʰ ʹʨʳʿʨʸʵʹ
ʳʼʲʵʩʬʲʰʨ; ʸʵʳ ʿʵʭʬʲʰ ʬʸʯʪʻʲʰ ʳʵʽʳʬʫʬʩʨ ʻʮʬʴʨʬʹ
ʴʬʺʨʸʬʩʨʹ ʨʴʰ˅ʬʩʹ ʻʼʨʲʹ; ʸʵʳ ʱʸʰˀʴʨ ʿʭʬʲʨ ʹʻʲʫʪʳʻʲʰʹ
ʱʬʯʰʲʰʹʳ˄ʿʨʲʵʩʬʲʰ ʳʬʪʵʩʨʸʰʨ. ʹʸʻʲʽʳʴʰʲʳʨ ʰʵʪʳʨ ʰʹʰ˂
ʱʨʸʪʨʫ ʰ˂ʰʹ, ʸʵʳ ʳʨʺʬʸʰʨʲʻʸʰ ʩʻʴʬʩʰʹ ʪʻʴʬʩʰʯ
ʪʨʴʶʰʸʵʩʬʩʻʲ ʶʰʸʵʭʴʬʩʨʹ, ʸʨʱʰ ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹʯʨʴ ʯʨʭʰʹ
ʻʼʸʯʰʬʸʯʵʩʨʹ ʰʭʰ˄ʿʬʩʹ, ʹʨʳʴʨʰʸʰ ʺʨʴˇʭʨ ʬʳʻʽʸʬʩʨ.
ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ ʳʰʴʫʵʩʰʲʰ ʩʬʫʴʰʬʸʰʨ ʫʨ ˂ʫʰʲʵʩʹ, ʨʳ ʩʬʫʴʰʬʸʬʩʨʹ
ʹˆʭʬʩʰ˂ ʨʮʰʨʸʵʹ - ʪʨʨʭʸ˂ʬʲʵʹ ˂ʵʫʴʨ ʻʼʲʰʹ ˀʬʹʨˆʬʩ, ʿʭʬʲʨʹ
ʨʳ˂ʴʵʹ ʳʰʹʰ ʳʴʰˀʭʴʬʲʵʩʨ ʹʻʲʰʬʸʰ ˆʹʴʰʹ ʪʮʨʮʬ.
ʴʨ ˁʨ ʺʨʹʳʨʴ ʳʨʴʻˀʰʬˀʻ ("ʩ.ʪ." 18.69) - ʻʼʲʰʹ ʬʸʯʪʻʲʰ
ˆʨʲˆʰʹ ʱʬʯʰʲʳʵʹʻʸʴʬʨ ʫʨ ʳʨʯ ʹʨʱʬʯʰʲʫʾʬʵʫ ʰʾ˄ʭʰʹ,
ʸʵʪʵʸ˂ ʻʨʴʪʨʸʵ ʳʬʪʵʩʨʸʰ. ʹˆʭʨʯʨ ʳʺʸʵʩʰʹ ʻʨʸʳʿʵʼʬʲʰ
ʯʨʴʨʳʵ˃ʳʬʯʨ ʩʬʫʴʰʬʸʬʩʨʹ ʬʹ˄ʸʨʼʰʹ ʫʨ ʪʨʴʻ˄ʿʭʬʺʲʰʭ
ʹʸʻʲʿʵʼʹ ʰʵʪʨʹ ʶʸʨʽʺʰʱʨʹ. ʨʳʰʯ ʪʨʴʹˆʭʨʭʫʬʩʨ ʻʼʲʰʹ
ʬʸʯʪʻʲʰ ʶʰʸʵʭʴʬʩʨ ʳˆʵʲʵʫ ʹʨʱʻʯʨʸʰ ʹʻʲʰʬʸʰ ʨʳʨʾʲʬʩʰʯ
ʫʨʰʴʺʬʸʬʹʬʩʻʲʰ ʰʵʪʰʹʨʪʨʴ. ˆʨʲˆʰʹʨʪʨʴ ʪʨʴʸʰʫʬʩʻʲʰ,
ʻʱʨ˂ʰʸʬʲ ʨʫʪʰʲʹ ˀʬʱʬʫʲʬʩʻʲʰ ʰʵʪʰ ʰʹʬ ʹʸʻʲʿʵʼʰʲʰ ʭʬʸ
ʰʽʴʬʩʨ, ʸʵʪʵʸ˂ ʰʹ ʬʸʯʪʻʲʰ, ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ ˂ʴʵʩʰʬʸʬʩʰʹʨʱʬʴ
ˀʬʳʵʩʸʻʴʬʩʨʹ ʸʵʳ ʻʽʨʫʨʪʬʩʹ ˆʨʲˆʹ.
ʲʬʽʹʰ 33
ʨʸˇʻʴʨʳ ʯʽʭʨ: ʵ, ʳʨʫˈʻʹʻʫʨʴʨ, ˀʬʴʹ ʳʰʬʸ ʨʾ˄ʬʸʰʲʰ ʰʵʪʨʹ
ʹʰʹʺʬʳʨ ʬʸʯʵʩ ʳʰʻʾ˄ʬʭʬʲʰ ʫʨ ˃ʴʬʲʨʫ ʨʹʨʺʨʴʰ ʳʬˁʭʬʴʬʩʨ,
ʸʨʳʬʯʻ ʳʰʹʰ ʨʾʳʹʸʻʲʬʩʬʲʰ ˅ʱʻʨ ʫʨʻʫʪʸʵʳʬʲʰ ʫʨ
ʨʸʨʳʺʱʰ˂ʬʨ.
ˀʰʴʨ-ʨʸʹʰ. ʨʳ ʲʬʽʹʰʹ ʳʰˆʬʫʭʰʯ, ʨʸˇʻʴʨ ʬ˅ʭʰʯ ʻʿʻʸʬʩʹ
ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ ʳʰʬʸ ʨʾ˄ʬʸʰʲ ʰʵʪʨʹ ʹʰʹʺʬʳʨʹ, ʸʵʳʬʲʰ˂ ʰ˄ʿʬʩʨ
ʹʰʺʿʭʬʩʰʯ - ˀʻˁʨʻ ʫʬˀʬ, ʫʨ ʳʯʨʭʸʫʬʩʨ - ʰʵʪʰ ʶʨʸʨʳʨˈ. ʨʸˇʻʴʨ
ʵʸ˅ʵʼʵʩʹ - ˀʬ˃ʲʬʩʹ ʯʻ ʨʸʨ ʨʹʬʯʰ ʶʸʨʽʺʰʱʰʹ ʫʨ˃ʲʬʭʨʹ.
ʱʨʲʰʹ ʬʶʵʽʨˀʰ ʰʵʪʨʹ ʪʨʴʹʨˆʵʸ˂ʰʬʲʬʩʲʨʫ ˁʭʬʻʲʬʩʸʰʭ
ʨʫʨʳʰʨʴʹ ʹʨˆʲʰʹ ʳʰʺʵʭʬʩʨ ʫʨ ʻʫʨʩʻʸ ʺʿʬˀʰ ʪʨʴʫʬʪʰʲʵʩʨ ʨʸ
ˀʬʻ˃ʲʰʨ. ʳʰʳʫʰʴʨʸʬ ˆʨʴʨˀʰ ˆʨʲˆʰ ʰʹʬʫʨ˂ ˆʨʴʳʵʱʲʬ

29

Tavi meeqvse – dhiana-ioga

ʹʰ˂ʵ˂ˆʲʰʹ ʪʨʫʨʹʨʸˁʬʴʨʫ ʪʨ˂ˆʨʸʬʩʻʲ ʪʨ˄ʨʳʨ˄ʰʨˀʰʨ ˁʨʸʯʻʲʰ,
ʨʯʨʹʰ ʹʨʮʸʻʴʨʭʰʯ ʯʨʭʪʮʨʨʩʴʬʻʲʹ ʨʾʨʸ ʨʰʴʺʬʸʬʹʬʩʹ
ʹʨʱʻʯʨʸʰ ʯʨʭʰʹ ˀʬ˂ʴʵʩʨ ʳʨʸʺʰʭʰ, ʶʸʨʽʺʰʱʻʲʰ
ʹʨˀʻʨʲʬʩʬʩʰʯʨ˂ ʱʰ, ʸʨʾʨ ʻʴʫʨ ʭʯʽʭʨʯ ʰʵʪʨʹ ʨʸ ʻʸʯʻʲʬʹ
ʹʰʹʺʬʳʨʮʬ, ʸʵʳʬʲʰ˂ ʳʵ˄ʬʹʸʰʪʬʩʻʲ ˂ˆʵʭʸʬʩʨʹ, ˇʫʵʳʨʪʨʴʸʰʴʫʬʩʰʹ ˄ʬʹʬʩʰʹ ʮʻʹʺʨʫ ʫʨ˂ʭʨʹ, ʨʫʪʰʲʰʹ ˀʬʸˁʬʭʨʹʨ ʫʨ
ʳʰ˄ʰʬʸ ʹʨʽʳʰʨʴʵʩʨ-ʹʨʮʸʻʴʨʭʰʹʨʪʨʴ ˂ʴʵʩʰʬʸʬʩʰʹ ʳʨʽʹʰʳʨʲʻʸ
ʪʨʳʵʯʰˀʭʨʹ ʳʱʨ˂ʸʨʫ ʯˆʵʻʲʵʩʹ.
ʸʵʪʵʸ˂ ʪʨʳʵ˂ʫʰʲʰ ʱʨ˂ʰ, ʨʸˇʻʴʨ ˆʭʫʬʩʨ, ʸʵʳ ʨʹʬʯʰ
ʳʵʯˆʵʭʴʬʩʰʹ ʫʨ˂ʭʨ, ˄ʬʹʰʹʨʳʬʩʸ ˀʬʹʸʻʲʬʩʨ ʰʵʪʨʹ ʶʸʰʴ˂ʰʶʬʩʰʹʨ
ʪʨʻ˅ʰʸʫʬʩʨ. ʨʸʨʫʨ, ʰʪʰ ˆʵʳ ʹʨʳʬʼʵ ʹʨʪʭʨʸʬʻʲʵʹ ˀʯʨʳʵʳʨʭʨʲʰ
ʫʨ ʻʨʳʸʨʭʰ ʨʳʨʾʲʬʩʻʲʰ ʯʭʰʹʬʩʰʯ ˀʬʳʱʻʲʰ ʫʰʫʰ ʳʬʵʳʨʸʰ
ʪʨˆʲʫʨʭʯ; ʸʨ˂ ʳʯʨʭʨʸʰʨ, ʰʹ ʰʿʵ ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ, ʻʮʬʴʨʬʹʰ
ʾʳʸʯʨʬʩʸʰʭʰ ʶʰʸʵʭʴʬʩʰʹ, ʻʨˆʲʵʬʹʰ ʳʬʪʵʩʨʸʰ.
ˆʻʯʰ ʨʯʨʹʰ ˄ʲʰʹ ˄ʰʴʨʯ, ʸʨ ʯʽʳʨ ʻʴʫʨ, ʩʬʭʸʨʫ ʻʼʸʵ
ʻʱʬʯʬʹʰ ˀʬʹʨ˃ʲʬʩʲʵʩʬʩʰ ˈʽʵʴʫʨ, ʭʰʫʸʬ ˁʭʬʴ ʫʾʬʹ, ʳʨʪʸʨʳ
ʳʨʰʴ˂ ʬ˃ʴʬʲʬʩʵʫʨ, ʯʨʭʰʹ ʯʨʭʮʬ ʨʬʾʵ ʰʵʪʨʹ ˀʬʹʸʻʲʬʩʨ.
ʹʨʬʸʯʵʫ, ʨʸ ʳʵʰ˃ʬʩʴʬʩʨ ʬʸʯʰ ʰʹʺʵʸʰʻʲʰ ˄ʿʨʸʵ˂ ʱʰ,
ʸʵʳʬʲʰ˂ ʳʰʪʭʨʴʰˀʴʬʩʫʬʹ, ʸʵʳ ʨʸˇʻʴʨʳ ʳʨʰʴ˂ ʪʨʩʬʫʨ ʫʨ ʰʵʪʨʹ
ʪʮʨʹ ʪʨˈʿʭʨ.
ʸʵʪʵʸ˂ ˄ʬʹʰ, ʱʨʲʰʹ ʬʶʵʽʨˀʰ ʨʳ ʹʰʹʺʬʳʰʹ ʪʨʴˆʵʸ˂ʰʬʲʬʩʨ
ˀʬʻ˃ʲʬʩʬʲʰʨ. ˂ˆʨʫʰʨ, ʪʨʳʵʴʨʱʲʰʹʯʨʯʭʰʹ ʰʪʰ ʰʽʴʬʩ
ʳʰʹʨ˄ʭʫʵʳʰ ʰʿʵʹ, ʳʨʪʸʨʳ ʻʳʸʨʭʲʬʹʵʩʰʹʨʯʭʰʹ ʳʰʹʰ ʹʰʸʯʻʲʬ
ʪʨʫʨʻʲʨˆʨʭʰ ʸˁʬʩʨ. ʯʻ ˆʻʯʰ ʨʯʨʹʰ ˄ʲʰʹ ˄ʰʴʨʯ ʨʸˇʻʴʨʹʴʨʰʸ
ʨʳʨʾʲʬʩʻʲ ʶʰʸʯʨ˂ ʱʰ ʻ˅ʰʸʫʨʯ ʰʵʪʨʹ ˀʬʹʸʻʲʬʩʨ,
ʫʾʬʭʨʴʫʬʲʵʩʨʮʬ ʸʨ ʪʭʬʯʽʳʰʹ?!
ʰʹʰʴʰ, ʭʰʴ˂ ʨʳ ʹʰʹʺʬʳʰʹ ˄ʨʳˆʬʫʻʸʵʩʰʯ ʨʯʨʹʪʭʨʸ ʭʰʯʵʳ
ʹʱʵʲʬʩʹʨ ʫʨ ʹʨʮʵʪʨʫʵʬʩʬʩʹ ʽʳʴʰʨʴ, ʯʨʴʨ˂ ʫʰʫʨʫ ʳʵʹ˄ʵʴʯ
ʯʨʭʰ, ʺʿʻʰʲʨʫ ʰʸˇʬʩʰʨʴ - ʳʨʯ ˆʵʳ ʰʵʪʨʹ ˅ʬˀʳʨʸʰʺ ʳʰʮʨʴʹʨ ʫʨ
ʳʴʰˀʭʴʬʲʵʩʨʮʬ ˄ʨʸʳʵʫʪʬʴʨ˂ ʨʸʨ ʨʽʭʯ.
ʲʬʽʹʰ 34

30

Tavi meeqvse – dhiana-ioga

ʵ, ʱʸʰˀʴʨ, ʱʨ˂ʰʹ ˅ʱʻʨ ʳʵʻʹʭʬʴʨʸʰ, ʯʨʭʴʬʩʨ, ʳʵʻʫʸʬʱʬʲʰ ʫʨ
˃ʲʰʬʸʰʨ, ʭʼʰʽʸʵʩ, ʳʰʹʰ ʫʨʳʵʸˁʰʲʬʩʨ ʽʨʸʰʹ ʳʵʯʵʱʭʨʮʬ ˃ʴʬʲʰ
ʰʽʴʬʩʨ.
ˀʰʴʨ-ʨʸʹʰ. ˅ʱʻʨ ʰʳʫʬʴʨʫ ʫʨʻʳʵʸˁʰʲʬʩʬʲʰʨ ʫʨ ˃ʲʰʬʸʰ, ʸʵʳ
ʮʵʪˇʬʸ ʱʨ˂ʰʹ ʳʯʲʰʨʴ ˂ʴʵʩʰʬʸʬʩʨʹʨ˂ ʱʰ ʳʵʬʸʬʭʨ, ʨʸʨʫʨ ʰʪʰ
ʹ˄ʵʸʬʫ ʨʳ ʪʵʴʬʩʨ-˂ʴʵʩʰʬʸʬʩʰʹ ʳʵʸˁʰʲʰ ʻʴʫʨ ʰʿʵʹ.
˂ˆʵʭʸʬʩʰʹ ʪʮʨʮʬ ʨʫʨʳʰʨʴʹ ʻʨʳʸʭʨ ˄ʰʴʨʨʾʳʫʬʪʵʩʨʹʯʨʴ ʻˆʫʬʩʨ
ˀʬˆʲʨ; ʨʳ ʹʰ˃ʴʬʲʬʯʨ ˀʬʹʨʩʨʳʰʹʨʫ ˅ʱʻʰʹ ʳʨʸʯʭʨ ʮʵʪˇʬʸ
ʶʰʸʵʭʴʬʩʰʹ ˃ʨʲʬʩʹ ʨʾʬʳʨʺʬʩʨ.
ʳʬʪʵʩʸʬʩʯʨʴ ʯʻ ʳʺʸʬʩʯʨʴ ʻʸʯʰʬʸʯʵʩʨˀʰ ʨʫʨʳʰʨʴʰ
ʸʵʪʵʸʾʨ˂ ʨˆʬʸˆʬʩʹ ʹʨ˅ʰʸʵʬʩʰʹʨʳʬʩʸ ʳʨʸʯʵʹ ˅ʱʻʨ, ʳʨʪʸʨʳ ʳʰʹʰ
ʳʯʲʰʨʴʨʫ ʪʨ˄ʵʴʨʹ˄ʵʸʬʩʨ ʨʸ˂ ʬʸʯ ʬʸʰʹʱʨ˂ʹ ʨʸ ˃ʨʲʻ˃ʹ. ʬʹ
ʪʸʰʪʨʲʰʹ ʫʨʳʵʸˁʰʲʬʩʨʮʬ ˃ʴʬʲʰʨ. ʭʬʫʻʸ ˄ʬʸʰʲʬʩˀʰ ("ʱʨʯˈʨ
ʻʶʨʴʰˀʨʫʰ" 1.3.3-4) ʴʨʯʽʭʨʳʰʨ:
"ʶʰʸʵʭʴʬʩʨ ʳʨʺʬʸʰʨʲʻʸʰ ʹˆʬʻʲʰʹ - ʬʺʲʰʹ ʳʪʮʨʭʸʰʨ, ʪʵʴʬʩʨ
- ʳʬʬʺʲʬ, ˅ʱʻʨ ʹʨʫʨʭʬʨ, ʪʸ˃ʴʵʩʬʩʰ ʱʰ ˂ˆʬʴʬʩʰ ʨʸʰʨʴ. ʹʻʲʰ
˅ʱʻʨʹʯʨʴ ʫʨ ʪʸ˃ʴʵʩʬʩʯʨʴ ʻʸʯʰʬʸʯʵʩʰʹʨʹ ʺʱʩʬʩʨ ʨʴ ʰʺʨʴˇʬʩʨ
- ʨʹʬ ʼʰʽʸʵʩʬʴ ʫʰʫʰ ʳʵʨʮʸʵʭʴʬʴʰ."
ʪʵʴʬʩʨʳ ʻʴʫʨ ʰʩʨʺʵʴʵʹ ˅ʱʻʨʮʬ, ʸʵʳʬʲʰ˂ ˃ʲʰʬʸʰ ʫʨ
ʳʵʻˆʬʲʯʬʩʬʲʰʨ, ˆˀʰʸʨʫ ʳʵʴʬʩʨʹʨ˂ ʹ˃ʲʬʭʹ ˆʵʲʳʬ, ʸʵʪʵʸ˂
˃ʲʰʬʸʰ ʹʴʬʻʲʬʩʨ ˄ʨʳʲʰʹ ˃ʨʲʨʹ. ʬʸʯʨʫʬʸʯʰ ʪʮʨ ʨʳ ʯʨʭʴʬʩʨ
ʫʨ ʳˀʼʵʯʭʨʸʬ ˅ʱʻʰʹ ʫʨʳʵʸˁʰʲʬʩʰʹʨ ʨʸʰʹ ʰʵʪʨʹ ˄ʭʸʯʴʨ.
ʨʸˇʻʴʨʹ ʳʹʪʨʭʹʰ ʬʸʰʹʱʨ˂ʰʹʨʯʭʰʹ ʨʹʬʯʰ ʰʵʪʨʹ ˀʬʹʸʻʲʬʩʨ
˃ʴʬʲʰʨ, ʯʰʯʽʳʰʹ ˀʬʻ˃ʲʬʩʬʲʰ˂; ʸʨ ʪʭʬʯʽʳʰʹ ʯʨʴʨʳʬʫʸʵʭʬ
ʨʫʨʳʰʨʴʮʬ? ʱʨ˂ʹ ʪʸʰʪʨʲʰʹ ˀʬˁʬʸʬʩʨ ʨʸ ˀʬʻ˃ʲʰʨ, ʳˀʼʵʯʭʨʸʬ
˅ʱʻʰʹ ʫʨʳʵʸˁʰʲʬʩʨ ʱʰ ʻʼʸʵ ˃ʴʬʲʰʨ. ʳʨʪʸʨʳ ʨʸʹʬʩʵʩʹ
ʪʨʳʵʹʨʭʨʲʰ - ʸʵʪʵʸ˂ ʻʼʨʲʰ ˁʨʰʺʨʴʰʨ ʪʭʰʸˁʬʭʹ - ʨʩʵʸʪʬʩʻʲʰ
˅ʱʻʰʹ ʫʨ˂ˆʸʵʳʨ ˀʬʰ˃ʲʬʩʨ "ˈʨʸʬ ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ" ʳʵʱʸ˃ʨʲʬʩʻʲʰ
ʪʨʲʵʩʰʯ. ʨʳ ʫʰʫʬʩʻʲ ʳʨʴʺʸʨʹ ʳʵˈʿʭʬʩʨ ʨʫʨʳʰʨʴʰʹ
˂ʴʵʩʰʬʸʬʩʰʹ ʹʸʻʲʰ ʹʰʳˀʭʰʫʬ - ˅ʱʻʨ ʨʾʨʸ ʩʵʸʪʨʭʹ ʫʨ
ʯʭʰʴʰʬʸʨʫ ʬʳʵʸˁʰʲʬʩʨ ʱʨ˂ʹ.
ʫʨ˄ʬʹʬʩʻʲʰ ʳʬʯʵʫʰ ʨʹʬʯʰʨ: ʹʨ ʭʨʰ ʳʨʴʨˈ ʱʸʰˀʴʨʶʨʫʨʸʨʭʰʴʫʨʰʵˈ - ʨʫʨʳʰʨʴʳʨ ʻʴʫʨ ʰʪʨʲʵʩʵʹ ʻʼʲʰʹ ʹʨˆʬʲʰ,

31

Tavi meeqvse – dhiana-ioga

ʯʨʴ ʳʯʬʲʰ ˂ʴʵʩʰʬʸʬʩʨ ʫʨʷʰʴʬʩʰʯ ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ ʳʰʨʶʿʸʵʹ. ʳˆʵʲʵʫ
ʳʨˀʰʴ ˀʬʨʽ˂ʬʭʹ ʰʪʰ ʮʻʸʪʹ ʳʰ˄ʰʬʸ ʹʨʮʸʻʴʨʭʹʨ ʫʨ ʽ˂ʬʭʨʹ,
ʸʵʳʬʲʯʨ˂ ʳʰʹʰ ˅ʱʻʰʹ ʱʭʲʨʭ ʨˇʨʴʿʬʩʨ ˀʬʻ˃ʲʰʨʯ.
ʲʬʽʹʰ 35
ʻʼʨʲʳʨ ˀʸʰ ʱʸʰˀʴʨʳ ʩʸ˃ʨʴʨ: ʵ, ʱʻʴʺʰʹ ʳˆʨʸʪʸ˃ʬʲʵ ˀʭʰʲʵ,
ʸʵ˂ʨ ˅ʱʻʨ ʩʵʩʵʽʸʵʩʹ, ʳʰʹʯʭʰʹ ʲʨʪʨʳʰʹ ʨʳʵʫʬʩʨ ʻʬ˅ʭʬʲʨʫ
˃ʴʬʲʰʨ, ʳʨʪʸʨʳ ʰʵʪʨʹ ˄ʭʸʯʰʯ ʫʨ ʪʨʴʫʬʪʰʲʵʩʰʯ ʨʳʰʹ ʳʰʾ˄ʬʭʨ
ˀʬʰ˃ʲʬʩʨ.
ˀʰʴʨ-ʨʸʹʰ. ʾʳʸʯʨʬʩʸʰʭʰ ʶʰʸʵʭʴʬʩʨ ʬʯʨʴˆʳʬʩʨ ʨʸˇʻʴʨʹ ʨʮʸʹ ʳʨʸʯʲʨ˂, ˃ʴʬʲʰʨ, ʪʨʴʨʪʵ ʫʨʻʫʬʪʨʸʰ ˅ʱʻʨ. ʳʨʪʸʨʳ ʨʳʰʹ
ʳʰʾ˄ʬʭʰʹ ʪʮʨ˂ ʨʸʹʬʩʵʩʹ - ʰʵʪʨʹ ʫʨʻʼʲʬʩʨ ʫʨ ʪʨʴʫʬʪʰʲʵʩʨ.
ʸʨ ʰʪʻʲʰʹˆʳʬʩʨ ʰʵʪʨʹ ˄ʭʸʯʨˀʰ? ʫʾʬʹ ʨʸʨʭʰʹ ˀʬʻ˃ʲʰʨ ʰʵʪʨʹ
ʳʱʨ˂ʸʰ ˄ʬʹʬʩʰʹʨ ʫʨ ʳʰʯʰʯʬʩʬʩʰʹ ˀʬʹʸʻʲʬʩʨ, ˄ʳʰʴʫʨ ʨʫʪʰʲʨʹ
ʪʨʴʸʰʫʬʩʨ, ʮʬʹʻʲʰʹʨʱʬʴ ˂ʴʵʩʰʬʸʬʩʰʹ ʳʰʶʿʸʵʩʨ, ʪʸ˃ʴʵʩʬʩʰʹʨ
ʫʨ ˅ʱʻʰʹ ʫʨʳˀʭʰʫʬʩʨ, ʻʩʰ˄ʵʬʩʰʹ ʫʨ˂ʭʨ, ʻʫʨʩʻʸ ʳˆʨʸʬˀʰ
ʳʨʸʺʵʹʻʲʨʫ ʿʵʼʴʨ ʫʨ ʨ.ˀ. ʳʨʪʸʨʳ ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ ˂ʴʵʩʰʬʸʬʩʰʹ
ʨʾʰʨʸʬʩʰʯ, ʨʫʨʳʰʨʴʹ ˀʬʻ˃ʲʰʨ ʻʼʲʰʹ ʳʰʳʨʸʯ ˂ˆʸʨ ʹʨˆʰʹ
ʹʨʳʹʨˆʻʸʰʹ ˀʬʹʸʻʲʬʩʨ.
ʶʰʸʭʬʲʰ ʫʨ ʳʯʨʭʨʸʰ ʹʨʽʳʰʨʴʵʩʨ ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ ˀʬʹʨˆʬʩ
ʳʵʴʨʯˆʸʵʩʰʹ ʳʵʹʳʬʴʨʨ. ʬʹ ʻʨʾʸʬʹʨʫ ʺʸʨʴʹ˂ʬʴʫʬʴʺʨʲʰʹʺʻʸʰ
ʳʬʯʵʫʰ ˅ʱʻʨʹ ʿʵʭʬʲʪʭʨʸʰ ʰ˅ʭʴʬʻʲʵʩʰʹʨ ʫʨ ʻʱʳʨʸʰʹʵʩʰʹʨʪʨʴ
ʪʨʴ˄ʳʬʴʫʹ. ʸʨ˂ ʻʼʸʵ ʳʬʺʹ ʰʹʳʬʴʹ ʨʹʬʯ ˄ʳʰʴʫʨ ʨʳʩʬʩʹ ʨʫʨʳʰʨʴʰ,
ʳʰʯ ʳʬʺ ˂ʵʫʴʨʹ ʰ˃ʬʴʹ ʫʨ ˀʵʸʫʬʩʨ ʿʭʬʲʨʼʬʸʹ, ʸʨ˂ ʳʰ˄ʰʬʸʬʩʰʹ
ʱʻʯʭʴʰʲʰʨ. ʬʹ ʻʱʨʴʨʹʱʴʬʲʰ ʱʰ, ʭʰ˂ʰʯ, ʸʵʳ ʶʰʸʵʭʴʬʩʨʹ ˆʬʲʹ
ʻˀʲʰʹ, ʴʰʨʫʨʪ ʻʼʨʲʮʬ ʰʼʰʽʸʵʹ.
˅ʱʻʰʹ ˁʨʳʵ˂ʰʲʬʩʨʹ ʿʵʼʰʬʸʬʩʰʹ ʹʰʴʨʳʫʭʰʲʬʫʨʴ ʫʨ ʹʻʲʰʬʸʰ
ʹʨʼʰʽʸʨʲʰʯ ʳʰʹ ʨʾʭʹʬʩʨʹ ʭʨʰʸʨʪʰʨ ʬ˄ʵʫʬʩʨ. ʬʹ ʳʬʯʵʫʰ ʬʸʯʵʩ
ʪʨʳʨʸʯʲʬʩʻʲʰʨ, ʸʨʫʪʨʴ ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ ˀʬʹʨˆʬʩ ʨʳʩʨʭʯʨ ʳʵʹʳʬʴʰʯ
ʨʫʨʳʰʨʴʰ ˀʰʴʨʪʨʴʨʫ, ˃ʨʲʫʨʻʺʨʴʬʩʲʨʫ ʻʮʬʴʨʬʹ ʹʻʲʹ
ʳʰʬˇʨ˅ʭʬʩʨ. ʨʳ ˀʬʱʨʭˀʰʸʬʩʨʹ ʶʨʸʬˀʨʴʻʩˈʻʺʰ - ʹʻʲʰʬʸʰ
ʱʳʨʿʵʼʰʲʬʩʨ - ˈʽʭʰʨ.

32

Tavi meeqvse – dhiana-ioga

ʰʪʰ ʳˀʰʬʸʰʹ ʱʳʨʿʵʼʰʲʬʩʨʹ ˈʪʨʭʹ, ʸʨʹʨ˂ ʿʵʭʬʲʰ ʲʻʱʳʰʹ
ʪʨʫʨʿʲʨʶʭʰʹʨʹ ʪʨʴʰ˂ʫʰʹ ʱʨ˂ʰ. ʸʨ˂ ʳʬʺʹ ˅ʨʳʹ, ʳʰʯ ʻʼʸʵ
ʹʰʨʳʵʭʴʬʩʰʯ ʬʭʹʬʩʨ ʪʻʲʰ ʫʨ ˃ʨʲʨ˂ ʬʳʨʺʬʩʨ. ʹ˄ʵʸʬʫ ʨʹʬʭʬ,
ʬʸʯʪʻʲʰ ʳʹʨˆʻʸʬʩʰʹʨʹ ʱʨ˂ʰ ʻʼʸʵ ʫʨ ʻʼʸʵ ʳʬʺ ʾʭʯʰʻʸ
ʴʬʺʨʸʬʩʨʹ ʪʨʴʰ˂ʫʰʹ, ʸʨʫʪʨʴ ʳʰʹʰ ˅ʱʻʨ-ʪʵʴʬʩʨ ʳʰ˄ʰʬʸ
ʪʻʲʰʹʯʽʳʨʯʨʪʨʴ ʯʨʭʰʹʻʼʲʫʬʩʨ. ʬʹ ʨʭʨʫʳʿʵʼʵʩʰʹ ʹ˄ʵʸʰ
ʳʱʻʸʴʨʲʵʩʰʯʨ ʫʨ ʹʨʯʨʴʨʫʵ ʱʭʬʩʰʯ ʳʵʸˁʬʴʨʹ ˈʪʨʭʹ. ʨʹʬʭʬʨ
ʨʩʵʸʪʬʩʻʲʰ ˅ʱʻʰʹ ʳʱʻʸʴʨʲʰ ʻʼʲʰʹ ˃ʨʲʳʵʹʰʲʬʩʰʹʨ ʫʨ
ˀʬʳʵʽʳʬʫʬʩʰʹ ˀʬʹʨˆʬʩ ʳʵʹʳʬʴʨ, ˆʵʲʵ ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹʨʯʭʰʹ
ˀʬʯʨʭʨʮʬʩʻʲʰ ʹʨ˅ʳʬʲʰʹ ʳʰʸʯʳʬʭʨ ʹʬʴʰʯ ʪʨʺʨʴˇʻʲʰ
ʱʨ˂ʰʹʨʯʭʰʹ ʫʨʴʰˀʴʻʲʰ ʹʨ˅ʰʸʵ ʫʰʬʺʰʹ ʺʵʲʼʨʹʰʨ.
ʨʹʬʯʰʨ ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ ˂ʴʵʩʰʬʸʬʩʰʯ ʳʱʻʸʴʨʲʵʩʰʹ ʪʮʨ.
ʲʬʽʹʰ 36
ʨʻʲʨʪʳʨʭʰ, ʯʨʭʰʹ ʴʬʩʨʮʬ ʳʰˀʭʬʩʻʲʰ ˅ʱʻʰʯ ʶʰʸʵʭʴʬʩʨ ˃ʴʬʲʨʫ
ˀʬ˃ʲʬʩʹ ʹʨʱʻʯʨʸʰ ʯʨʭʰʹ ˀʬ˂ʴʵʩʨʹ, ʳʨʪʸʨʳ ˂ʴʵʩʰʬʸʬʩʰʹ
ʫʨʳʵʸˁʰʲʬʩʰʯ ʫʨ ʰʵʪʨʹ ˄ʭʸʯʴʰʯ ʰʪʰ ʻʹʨʯʻʵʫ ʬ˄ʬʭʨ
ʹʨ˄ʨʫʬʲʹ. ʨʹʬʯʰʨ ˁʬʳʰ ʨʮʸʰ!
ˀʰʴʨ-ʨʸʹʰ. ʻʮʬʴʨʬʹʰ ʾʳʸʯʨʬʩʸʰʭʰ ʶʰʸʵʭʴʬʩʨ ʨ˂ˆʨʫʬʩʹ, ʸʵʳ
ʭʰʴ˂ ʳʰ˄ʰʬʸ ʿʵʼʰʬʸʬʩʨʹ ʨʸ ˁʨʳʵʨˀʵʸʬʩʹ ˅ʱʻʨʹ, ˄ʨʸʳʨʺʬʩʨʹ ʭʬʸ
ˈʶʵʭʬʩʹ. ʬʸʯʫʸʵʻʲʨʫ ˆʵʸ˂ʰʬʲʰ ʪʨʴ˂ˆʸʵʳʰʹʨ ʫʨ ʰʵʪʨʹ
ˀʬʹʸʻʲʬʩʰʹ ʳʵʹʻʸʴʬ ʱʨ˂ʰʹ ʳ˂ʫʬʲʵʩʨ, ʰʳ ʨʫʨʳʰʨʴʰʹ ʨʳʨʵ
ʪʨʸˇʨʹ ʬʳʹʪʨʭʹʬʩʨ, ˂ʬ˂ˆʲʹ ʸʵʳ ʨʴʯʬʩʹ ʫʨ ʯʨʴ ʮʬʫ ˄ʿʨʲʹ
ʨʹˆʨʳʹ. ˅ʱʻʰʹ ʫʨʳʵʸˁʰʲʬʩʰʹʨ ʫʨ ʯʭʰʯˀʬ˂ʴʵʩʰʹ ʪʨʸʬˀʬ ʰʵʪʨʹ
ˀʬʹʸʻʲʬʩʨ ʫʸʵʰʹ ʼʲʨʴʪʭʨʨ ʳˆʵʲʵʫ. ʫʨ ʹʨˆʰʵʩʰʯʰ
ʩʨʲʨʪʨʴʰʹ ʪʨʳʨʸʯʭʨʹ ʻʼʸʵ ˈʪʨʭʹ. ʬʹ ʿʵʭʬʲʰʭʬ ˀʬʰ˃ʲʬʩʨ
ʬʸʯʵʩ ʹʨʸʼʰʨʴʰ˂ ʰʿʵʹ, ʳʨʪʸʨʳ ʹʻʲʰʬʸ ˀʬʳʬ˂ʴʬʩʨʹʯʨʴ
ʳʰʳʨʸʯʬʩʨˀʰ ʻʨʮʸʵ ʼʨ˂ʨʼʻ˂ʰʨ.
ʨʫʨʳʰʨʴʰ ʹʨʱʻʯʨʸ ʯʨʭʴʬʩʨ ˅ʱʻʨʹ ʻʼʲʰʹ ʾʭʯʰʻʸʰ
ʹʨʹʰʿʭʨʸʻʲʵ ʹʨʳʹʨˆʻʸʰʯ ʯʻ ʳʵʬʸʬʭʨ. ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ ˂ʴʵʩʰʬʸʬʩʰʯ
ʪʨ˃ʲʰʬʸʬʩʻʲʰ ʶʰʸʰ ˃ʨʲʫʨʻʺʨʴʬʩʲʨʫ, ʳˀʭʰʫʨʫ ʳʰʫʰʹ ˄ʰʴ
ʫʨ ʻʨˆʲʵʭʫʬʩʨ ʹʨʹʻʸʭʬʲ ˀʬʫʬʪʹ. ʯʭʰʴʰʬʸ ʨʳʰʹʨ ʰʵʪʨʹ
ʳʰʳʫʬʭʨʸʰ ˄ʨʸʳʨʺʬʩʨʹ ʭʬʸ ˈʶʵʭʬʩʹ!

33

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ʲʬʽʹʰ 37
ʨʸˇʻʴʨʳ ʯʽʭʨ: ʵ, ʱʸʰˀʴʨ, ʸʨ ʬʲʰʹ ˆʬʲʳʵ˂ʨʸʻʲʹ, ʸʵʳʬʲʰ˂
ˇʬʸ˂ ʸ˄ʳʬʴʰʯ ʰ˄ʿʬʩʹ ʹʨʱʻʯʨʸʰ ʯʨʭʰʹ ˀʬ˂ʴʵʩʨʹ, ʳʨʪʸʨʳ
ʳʰ˄ʰʬʸʰ ˂ʴʵʩʰʬʸʬʩʨ ʪʨʫʨʹ˃ʨʲʨʭʹ, ʻˆʭʬʭʹ ʨʸˁʬʻʲʰ ʪʮʰʫʨʴ ʫʨ
ʰʵʪʨʹ ˄ʭʸʯʨˀʰ ʹʸʻʲʿʵʼʨʹ ʭʬʸ ʨʾ˄ʬʭʹ.
ˀʰʴʨ-ʨʸʹʰ. "ʩˈʨʪʨʭʨʫ-ʪʰʺʨˀʰ" ʨʾ˄ʬʸʰʲʰʨ ʯʭʰʯʸʬʨʲʰʮʨ˂ʰʰʹ,
ʨʴʻ ʰʵʪʨʹ ˀʬʹʸʻʲʬʩʰʹ ʪʮʨ. ʯʭʰʯˀʬ˂ʴʵʩʰʹ ʹʨʼʻ˃ʭʬʲʹ ʰʳʰʹ
˂ʵʫʴʨ ˄ʨʸʳʵʨʫʪʬʴʹ, ʸʵʳ ˂ʵ˂ˆʨʲʰ ʨʸʹʬʩʨ ʳʨʸʨʫʰʻʲ
ʹʰ˂ʵ˂ˆʲʬˀʰ, ʴʬʺʨʸʬʩʨʹʨ ʫʨ ˂ʵʫʴʨˀʰ ʳʫʪʵʳʨʸʬʵʩʹ. ʿʵʭʬʲʰʭʬ
ʬʹ ʺʸʨʴʹ˂ʬʴʫʬʴʺʻʸʰʨ ʫʨ ʹˆʬʻʲʹʨ ʫʨ ˅ʱʻʨʹ ʹ˂ʰʲʫʬʩʨ.
ʯʭʰʯʸʬʨʲʰʮʨ˂ʰʰʹ ʳʰʾ˄ʬʭʨ ˂ʵʫʴʰʯ, ʸʭʨʹʨʼʬˆʻʸʰʨʴ ʹʰʹʺʬʳʰʹ
ˀʬʹʸʻʲʬʩʰʯ ʨʴ ʩˈʨʱʺʰ-ʰʵʪʨʹ ʪʮʰʯ ʨʸʰʹ ˀʬʹʨ˃ʲʬʩʬʲʰ.
ʯʰʯʵʬʻʲ ʨʳ ʶʸʵ˂ʬʹˀʰ ʨʫʨʳʰʨʴʳʨ ˂ʵ˂ˆʨʲʰ ʨʸʹʬʩʰʹ
ʫʨʫʪʰʴʬʩʻʲʰ ʳʫʪʵʳʨʸʬʵʩʨ, ʾʳʬʸʯʯʨʴ ʹʨʱʻʯʨʸʰ
ʫʨʳʵʱʰʫʬʩʻʲʬʩʨ ʫʨ ʰʹ ʹʨʽʳʰʨʴʵʩʬʩʰ ʻʴʫʨ ˀʬʰ˂ʴʵʹ, ʸʵʳʬʲʯʨ
ʹʨˀʻʨʲʬʩʰʯʨ˂ ʪʨ˄ʿʭʬʺʰʲʰ ʱʨʭˀʰʸʰʹ ʨʾʫʪʬʴʨ ʫʨ ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ
˂ʴʵʩʰʬʸʬʩʰʹ ʿʭʬʲʨʮʬ ʹʸʻʲʿʵʼʰʲʰ ʹʨʼʬˆʻʸʰʹ ʳʰʾ˄ʬʭʨ
ˀʬʻ˃ʲʰʨ.
ʮʬʳʵʯ ʴʨˆʹʬʴʬʩʰ ʹʨʳʰ ʳʬʯʵʫʰʫʨʴ ʴʬʩʰʹʳʰʬʸʰʹ ˀʬʹʸʻʲʬʩʰʯ
ʨʫʨʳʰʨʴʰ, ʨʫʸʬ ʯʻ ʪʭʰʨʴ, ʻʬ˅ʭʬʲʨʫ ʨʾ˄ʬʭʹ ʻʳʨʾʲʬʹ ʳʰʮʨʴʹ.
ʳʬʵʸʬ ʯʨʭˀʰ ʻʼʨʲʰ ʨʳʨʹʭʬ ʨʳʺʱʰ˂ʬʩʹ; ʺʸʨʴʹ˂ʬʴʫʬʴʺʻʸ ʪʮʨʮʬ
ʶʨʺʨʸʨ ʳ˂ʫʬʲʵʩʨ˂ ʱʰ ʪʨʴʯʨʭʰʹʻʼʲʬʩʰʹ ʫʰʫ ʰʳʬʫʹ ʰ˃ʲʬʭʨ. ʨʳ
ʹʨʳʰ ʳʬʯʵʫʰʫʨʴ ʩˈʨʱʺʰ-ʰʵʪʨ ʪʨʴʹʨʱʻʯʸʬʩʰʯ ˀʬʬʼʬʸʬʩʨ
ʯʨʴʨʳʬʫʸʵʭʬ ʬʶʵʽʨʹ, ʸʨʳʬʯʻ ʬʹ ʾʳʬʸʯʰʹ ˀʬʳʬ˂ʴʬʩʰʹ
ʶʰʸʫʨʶʰʸʰ ʪʮʨʨ.
ʳʬʺʰ ʫʨʳʨˇʬʸʬʩʲʵʩʰʹʨʯʭʰʹ ʨʸˇʻʴʨ ʻʼʨʲ ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ ʯʨʭʰʹʰ
˄ʰʴʨ ʴʨʯʽʭʨʳʰʹ ʫʨʫʨʹʺʻʸʬʩʨʹ ʹʯˆʵʭʹ. ʨʫʨʳʰʨʴʰ ˀʬʰ˃ʲʬʩʨ
ʪʻʲ˄ʸʼʬʲʨʫ ˀʬʻʫʪʬʹ ʯʭʰʯʸʬʨʲʰʮʨ˂ʰʰʹ ʪʮʨʹ, ʳʨʪʸʨʳ
˂ʵʫʴʰʹ ʪʨʴʭʰʯʨʸʬʩʨ ʫʨ ʸʭʨʹʨʼʬˆʻʸʰʨʴʰ ʰʵʪʨʹ ʹʰʹʺʬʳʰʹ
ˀʬʹʸʻʲʬʩʨ ʨʳ ʬʶʵʽʰʹʨʯʭʰʹ ʳʬʺʨʫ ˃ʴʬʲʰʨ. ʨʳʰʺʵʳ ʳʻʫʳʰʭʰ
ʳ˂ʫʬʲʵʩʰʹ ʳʰʻˆʬʫʨʭʨʫ, ʳʸʨʭʨʲʰ ʳʰʮʬʮʰʹ ʪʨʳʵ ʨʫʨʳʰʨʴʳʨ
ˀʬʰ˃ʲʬʩʨ ʳʨʸ˂ˆʰ ʪʨʴʰ˂ʨʫʵʹ. ʶʰʸʭʬʲ ʸʰʪˀʰ, ʨʳʰʹ ʳʰʮʬʮʰ

34

Tavi meeqvse – dhiana-ioga

ʶʸʵ˂ʬʹʰʹ ˀʬʹʸʻʲʬʩʰʹʨʫʳʰ ʨʸʨʹʨʱʳʨʸʰʹʨʫ ʹʬʸʰʵʮʻʲʰ
ʫʨʳʵʱʰʫʬʩʻʲʬʩʨʨ. ʺʸʨʴʹ˂ʬʴʫʬʴʺʻʸʰ ʪʮʰʹ ʪʨʿʵʲʨ
ʰʲʻʮʵʸʻʲʰ ʬʴʬʸʪʰʰʹʨʯʭʰʹ ʳʬʺ-ʴʨʱʲʬʩʨʫ ʵʳʰʹ
ʪʨʳʵ˂ˆʨʫʬʩʨʹ ʴʰˀʴʨʭʹ. ˀʬʹʨʩʨʳʰʹʨʫ, ʸʵʫʬʹʨ˂ ʨʫʨʳʰʨʴʰ
ʰʲʻʮʵʸʻʲʰ ʬʴʬʸʪʰʰʹ ʱʲʨʴ˅ʬʩʰʫʨʴ ʯʨʭʰʹ ʫʨʾ˄ʬʭʨʹ
˂ʫʰʲʵʩʹ, ʬʹ ʬʴʬʸʪʰʨ, ʯʨʭʰʹ ʳˆʸʰʭ, ʹˆʭʨʫʨʹˆʭʨ ˂ʯʻʴʬʩʰʯ
ʲʨʳʵʩʹ ʳʰʹ ʫʨʳʨʸ˂ˆʬʩʨʹ. ʪʨʴʶʰʸʵʩʬʩʻʲ ʹʻʲʹ ʳʨʺʬʸʰʨʲʻʸʰ
ʬʴʬʸʪʰʰʹ ʳʵʫʻʹʬʩʰ ʨ˂ʯʻʴʬʩʹ ʫʨ ʺʸʨʴʹ˂ʬʴʫʬʴʺʻʸʰ
ʹʨʽʳʰʨʴʵʩʬʩʰʹ ʳʰʻˆʬʫʨʭʨʫ, ʿʵʭʬʲ ʼʬˆʰʹ ʴʨʩʰˇʮʬ ʨʸʹʬʩʵʩʹ
ʱʭʲʨʭ ˂ʫʻʴʬʩʨˀʰ ʳʵʽ˂ʬʭʰʹ ʹʨˀʰˀʸʵʬʩʨ. ʨʳʨʹ ʰʵʪʨˁ ˁʨʲʰʺʨʳʨʴʨʹʨˈ - ʺʸʨʴʹ˂ʬʴʫʬʴʺʻʸʰ ʪʮʰʫʨʴ ʪʨʫʨˆʭʬʭʨ ʬ˄ʵʫʬʩʨ.
ʨʸˇʻʴʨʹ ʹʨʱʻʯʨʸʰ ʯʨʭʰʹ ˀʬ˂ʴʵʩʰʹ ʪʮʰʫʨʴ ʪʨʫʨˆʭʬʭʰʹ
ˀʬʫʬʪʬʩʰʹ ˂ʵʫʴʨ ʨʰʴʺʬʸʬʹʬʩʹ.
ʲʬʽʹʰ 38
ʵ, ʳʱʲʨʭʳʨʪʨʸʵ ʱʸʰˀʴʨ, ʪʨʴʨ ʹʻʲʰʬʸʰ ˅ʬˀʳʨʸʰʺʬʩʰʹ ʪʮʰʫʨʴ
ʪʨʫʨʳ˂ʫʨʸʰ ʬ˄ʬʭʨ ʸʨʰʳʬ ʹʻʲʰʬʸ ʨʴ ʳʰ˄ʰʬʸ ˄ʨʸʳʨʺʬʩʨʹ, ʯʻ
ʫʨʼʲʬʯʰʲʰ ʾʸʻʩʬʲʰʭʰʯ ʪʨʴʽʨʸʫʬʩʨ ʫʨ ʭʬʾʨʸʹʨʫ ˈʶʵʭʬʩʹ
ʯʨʭˀʬʹʨʼʨʸʹ.
ˀʰʴʨ-ʨʸʹʰ. ʨʸʰʹ ˄ʰʴʹʭʲʰʹ ʵʸʰ ʪʮʨ. ʳʨʺʬʸʰʨʲʰʹʺʬʩʰ ʹʻʲʰʬʸʰ
ʨʾʳʨʹʭʲʰʹ ʳʰʳʨʸʯ ʨʸʨʭʰʯʨʸ ʰʴʺʬʸʬʹʹ ʨʸ ʰˁʬʴʬʴ, ʹʨʳʨʪʰʬʸʵʫ
ʳʰ˄ʰʬʸʰ ʹʰʳʫʰʫʸʰʹʨ ʫʨ ʶʨʺʰʭʰʹ ʳʵˆʭʬ˅ʨ ʪʨʻˆʫʰʨʯ ʳʰʮʴʨʫ.
ʮʵʪʰ ʹʨʯʨʴʨʫʵ ʳʵʽʳʬʫʬʩʰʯ ʳʨʾʨʲ ʶʲʨʴʬʺʬʩʨʳʫʬ ʳʰʾ˄ʬʭʨʹ
˂ʫʰʲʵʩʹ.
ʸʵʫʬʹʨ˂ ʨʫʨʳʰʨʴʰ ʹʻʲʰʬʸʰ ˂ˆʵʭʸʬʩʰʹ ʪʮʨʹ ʫʨʨʫʪʬʩʨ,
ʿʵʭʬʲʪʭʨʸʰ ʽ˂ʬʭʨ, ʸʨ˂ ʹˆʬʻʲʹ ʻʱʨʭˀʰʸʫʬʩʨ, ʻʴʫʨ ˀʬ˄ʿʭʰʺʵʹ
ʫʨ ʴʬʩʰʹʳʰʬʸʰ ˆʵʸ˂ʰʬʲʰ ʩʬʫʴʰʬʸʬʩʨ ʳʹˆʭʬʸʶʲʨʫ ʪʨʰʾʵʹ.
ʳʵ˄ʨʫʰʴʬʩʻʲʰ ʺʸʨʴʹ˂ʬʴʫʬʴʺʨʲʰʹʺʰ ʫʨʳʨʸ˂ˆʬʩʰʹ
ˀʬʳʯˆʭʬʭʨˀʰ ʯʰʯʽʵʹ ʵʸʰʭʬ ʪʮʨʹ ʰ˅ʸʰʹ: ʰʪʰ ʭʬʾʨʸ˂ ʳʰ˄ʰʬʸʰʯ
ʺʱʩʬʩʨ ʫʨ ʹʻʲʰʬʸʰ ˄ʨʸʳʨʺʬʩʰʯ ʪʨʳʵ˄ʭʬʻʲ ʨʾʺʨ˂ʬʩʨʹʨ˂ ʭʬʸ
ʬʾʰʸʹʬʩʨ. ʳʰʻʹʨʼʨʸʰ ʸˁʬʩʨ ʫʨ ˂ʨʮʬ ʳʵʼʨʸʼʨʺʬ ʶʨʺʨʸʨ
ʾʸʻʩʲʰʹ ʼʯʰʲʨʹ ʬʳʹʪʨʭʹʬʩʨ ʫʨ ʯʻ ʫʰʫ ʾʸʻʩʬʲʹ ʨʸ
ˀʬʻʬʸʯʫʨ, ʽʨʸʰ ˂ʰʹ ʻʮʨʸʳʨʮʨʸ ʱʨʩʨʫʵʴʮʬ ʪʨʼʨʴʺʨʭʹ.

35

Tavi meeqvse – dhiana-ioga

ʩʸʨˈʳʨʴʨˈ ʶʨʯˈʰ ʨʸʰʹ ʹʨʱʻʯʨʸʰ ʯʨʭʰʹ ʹʻʲʰʬʸ ʨʸʹʬʩʨʫ,
ʻʮʬʴʨʬʹʰʹ ʪʨʴʻʿʵʼʬʲ ʴʨ˄ʰʲʨʫ ʯʭʰʯˀʬ˂ʴʵʩʰʹ ʪʮʨ - ʰʳ
ʻʼʲʰʹʨ, ʸʵʳʬʲʰ˂ ʭʲʰʴʫʬʩʨ, ʸʵʪʵʸ˂ ʩʸʨˈʳʨʴʰ, ʶʨʸʨʳʨʺʳʨ ʫʨ
ʩˈʨʪʨʭʨʴʰ. ʻʼʨʲʰ ˀʸʰ ʱʸʰˀʴʨ ʻʳʨʾʲʬʹʰ ʨʩʹʵʲʻʺʻʸʰ
˅ʬˀʳʨʸʰʺʬʩʰʹ ʿʭʬʲʨʮʬ ʹʸʻʲʽʳʴʰʲʰ ʪʨʳʵʭʲʰʴʬʩʨʨ. ʳʨʹʮʬ
ʳʰʴʫʵʩʰʲʰ ʶʰʸʵʭʴʬʩʨ ˄ʨʸʳʨʺʬʩʨʹ ʨʾ˄ʬʭʹ. ʩʸʨˈʳʨʴʰʹʨ ʫʨ
ʶʨʸʨʳʨʺʳʨʹ ˀʬ˂ʴʵʩʰʹ ʪʮʰʯ ʨʳ ʳʰʮʴʰʹ ʳʰʾ˄ʬʭʨʹ ʩʬʭʸʰ, ˃ʨʲʰʨʴ
ʩʬʭʸʰ ʫʨʩʨʫʬʩʨ ʹ˅ʰʸʫʬʩʨ (ʩʨˈʻʴʨʳ ˇʨʴʳʨʴʨʳ ʨʴʺʬ); ʩˈʨʱʺʰ-ʰʵʪʨ,
ʨʴʻ ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ ˂ʴʵʩʰʬʸʬʩʰʹ ʹʻʲʰʬʸʰ ˀʬʳʬ˂ʴʬʩʰʹ ʪʮʨ ʨʨʫʭʰʲʬʩʹ
ʨʳ ʻʸʯʻʲʬʹ ʫʨ ˆʨʴʪʸ˃ʲʰʭ ʶʸʵ˂ʬʹʹ ʫʨ ʳʰʮʨʴʯʨʴ ʨʨˆʲʵʬʩʹ
ʱʨ˂ʹ.
ʲʬʽʹʰ 39
ʬ˅ʭʬʩʳʨ ʳʵʹʭʬʴʬʩʨ ʫʨʳʰʱʨʸʪʨ, ʵ, ʱʸʰˀʴʨ; ʪʯˆʵʭ, ʪʨʳʰʼʨʴʺʵ
ʪʨʻʸʱʭʬʭʲʵʩʰʹ ʩʻʸʻʹʰ. ˀʬʴʹ ʪʨʸʫʨ ʨʸ˂ ʨʸʨʭʰʴ ʳʬʪʻʲʭʰʹ,
ʭʰʹʨ˂ ʨʳ ʳʺʨʴˇʭʬʲʰ ʰ˅ʭʴʬʻʲʵʩʰʹ ʪʨʼʨʴʺʭʨ ˀʬʬ˃ʲʵʹ.
ˀʰʴʨ-ʨʸʹʰ. ʱʸʰˀʴʨʳ ʿʵʭʬʲʰʭʬ ʹʸʻʲʨʫ ʰ˂ʰʹ ʪʨʸʫʨʹʻʲ ʫʾʬʯʨ,
ʨ˄ʳʿʵʹʰ ʯʻ ʳʬʸʳʰʹʨʹ. "ʩˈʨʪʨʭʨʫ-ʪʰʺʨʹ" ʫʨʹʨ˄ʿʰʹˀʰ ʻʼʨʲʳʨ
ʩʸ˃ʨʴʨ, ʸʵʳ ʿʵʭʬʲʰ ˂ʵ˂ˆʨʲʰ ʨʸʹʬʩʨ ʰʴʫʰʭʰʫʻʨʲʻʸʨʫ
ʨʸʹʬʩʵʩʫʨ ˄ʨʸʹʻʲˀʰ, ʨˆʲʨ˂ ʨʳ ʹʨʳʿʨʸʵˀʰʨ ʫʨ ʳʵʳʨʭʨʲˀʰ,
ʳʨʺʬʸʰʨʲʻʸʰ ʺʿʭʬʵʩʰʫʨʴ ʪʨʴʯʨʭʰʹʻʼʲʬʩʰʹ ˀʬʳʫʬʪʨ˂, ʯʨʭʰʹ
ʹʨˆʬʹ ˀʬʰʴʨʸˁʻʴʬʩʹ - ʾʭʯʰʹ ʯʭʨʲʰ ʴʨʯʲʨʫ ˆʬʫʨʭʹ
ʹʻʲʫʪʳʻʲʯʨ ʳʵʳʨʭʨʲʹ.
ʨʸˇʻʴʨʹ ˆʬʲʳʵ˂ʨʸʻʲʯʨ ʳʬʸʳʰʹʰ ʨʰʴʺʬʸʬʹʬʩʹ. ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ
ʹʨʫʨʸʹʨ ʫʨ ʳʨʹʮʬ ʨʾʳʨʺʬʩʻʲʹ ʭʰʹ ʳʵ˃ʬʩʴʰʹ, ʨʴ ʸʵʪʵʸ
ˀʬˈʩʬʫʨʭʬʴ ʳʰʹ ʹʰʳʨʾʲʬʹ ʳʨʺʬʸʰʨʲʻʸʰ ʩʻʴʬʩʰʹ ˄ʿʨʲʵʩʰʹ
ˀʬʳʿʻʸʬ ʬʪʸʬʯ˄ʵʫʬʩʻʲʰ ʩʸ˃ʬʴʴʰ ʫʨ ʼʰʲʵʹʵʼʵʹʬʩʰ. ʨʳʰʺʵʳ
ʳʨʹ ʬʱʰʯˆʬʩʨ ʨʸˇʻʴʨ, ʸʨʫʪʨʴ ʹˇʬʸʨ, ʱʸʰˀʴʨ ˀʬʻʽ˂ʬʭʨʫʨʫ ʫʨ
ʨʳʵʳ˄ʻʸʨʭʨʫ ʻʶʨʹʻˆʬʩʹ ʿʵʭʬʲ ʳʰʹ ʱʰʯˆʭʨʹ ʫʨ ʪʨʴʻʽʨʸʭʬʩʹ
ʰ˅ʭʴʬʻʲʵʩʰʹ, ʪʨʻʸʱʭʬʭʲʵʩʰʹ ˄ʿʭʫʰʨʫʹ. ʻʼʲʰʹ ʯʭʨʲʰʹʨ ʫʨ
ʪʵʴʬʩʰʹ ʹʨ˄ʰʬʸʮʬʨ ʿʭʬʲʨʹ ˄ʨʸʹʻʲʰ, ʨ˄ʳʿʵ ʫʨ ʳʵʳʨʭʨʲʰ. ʳʰʹʳʨ
ʬʸʯʪʻʲʬʩʳʨ˂ ʱʨʸʪʨʫ ʰ˂ʰʨʴ, ʸʨ ʹʰʳʨʾʲʬʮʬʨ ʨʺʿʵʸ˂ʴʰʲʰ
ʻʼʨʲʰ ʫʨ ˆʬʲʬ˄ʰʼʬʩʨ ʳʨʹ.

36

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ʲʬʽʹʰ 40
ʻʮʬʴʨʬʹʳʨ ʾʳʸʯʨʬʩʸʰʭʳʨ ʶʰʸʵʭʴʬʩʨʳ ʩʸ˃ʨʴʨ: ʶʸʰʯˈʨʹ ˃ʬʭ,
ʹʻʲʰʬʸʰ ˅ʬˀʳʨʸʰʺʬʩʰʹ ʪʮʨʮʬ ʳʫʪʨʹ, ʹʨʹʰʱʬʯʵ ʹʨʽʳʬʯʨ
ʳʵʽʳʬʫʹ, ʹʰʱʭʫʰʲʰ ʨʸ˂ ʨʳ ʫʨ ʨʸ˂ ʹʻʲʰʬʸʬʩʰʹ ʹʨʻʼʲʵˀʰ ʨʸ
ʻ˄ʬʸʰʨ; ʻʱʭʫʨʭʬʩʨʹ ˄ʰʲʴʨʿʨʸʹ, ˁʬʳʵ ʳʬʪʵʩʨʸʵ, ʭʬʸʨʹʵʫʬʹ
ʹ˃ʲʬʭʹ ʹʰʱʭʫʰʲʰ.
ˀʰʴʨ-ʨʸʹʰ. "ˀʸʰʳʨʫ-ʩˈʨʪʨʭʨʺʨʳˀʰ" (1.5.17) ˀʸʰ ʴʨʸʨʫʨ ʳʻʴʰ
ʭʰʨʹʨʫʬʭʨʹ ʨʳʨʹ ʨʹ˄ʨʭʲʰʹ:
"ʨʫʨʳʰʨʴʰ, ʸʵʳʬʲʰ˂ ʻʨʸʹ ʨʳʩʵʩʹ ʿʵʭʬʲʪʭʨʸ ʳʰ˄ʰʬʸ
ʳʰʹ˄ʸʨʼʬʩʬʩʮʬ ʫʨ ʳʯʲʰʨʴʨʫ ʨʼʨʸʬʩʹ ʯʨʭʹ ʻʮʬʴʨʬʹ
ʾʳʸʯʨʬʩʸʰʭ ʶʰʸʵʭʴʬʩʨʹ, ʨʸʨʼʬʸʰ ʨʽʭʹ ʫʨʹʨʱʨʸʪʨʭʰ ʫʨ
ʫʨʹʨʱʴʰʴʬʩʬʲʰ. ʳʬʵʸʬ ʳˆʸʰʭ, ʨʸʨʬʸʯʪʻʲʳʨ ˀʬʰ˃ʲʬʩʨ
ʩʵʲʵʳʫʬ ˀʬʨʹʸʻʲʵʹ ʳʨʹʮʬ ʫʨʱʰʹʸʬʩʻʲʰ ʳʵʭʨʲʬʵʩʬʩʰ,
ʳʨʪʸʨʳ ʭʬʸʨʼʬʸʹ ʳʰʨʾ˄ʰʵʹ!"
ʳʨʺʬʸʰʨʲʻʸʰ ʳʰʹ˄ʸʨʼʬʩʬʩʰʹ ʪʨʴʹʨˆʵʸ˂ʰʬʲʬʩʲʨʫ
ʹʨʽʳʰʨʴʵʩʰʹ ʻʨʳʸʨʭʰ ʹʨˆʬʨ ˁʨʳʵʯʭʲʰʲʰ ˄ʳʰʴʫʨ ˄ʬʸʰʲʬʩˀʰ.
ʿʵʭʬʲʫʾʰʻʸʰ ˂ˆʵʭʸʬʩʨ˂ ˀʸʵʳʨ-ʪʨʸˇʨʹ ʳʸʨʭʨʲʼʬʸʵʭʴʬʩʰʯ
ˆʨʹʰʨʯʫʬʩʨ. ʹʰ˂ʵ˂ˆʲʬˀʰʭʬ ʹʻʲʰʬʸʰ ˄ʰʴʹʭʲʰʹ, ʨʴʻ ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ
˂ʴʵʩʰʬʸʬʩʰʹʨʯʭʰʹ ʶʰʸʵʭʴʬʩʨʳ ʹ˄ʵʸʬʫ ʬʹ ʳʨʺʬʸʰʨʲʻʸʰ
ʹʨʽʳʰʨʴʵʩʨ ʻʴʫʨ ʫʨʯʳʵʹ.
ʭʰʴʳʬʹ ˀʬʰ˃ʲʬʩʨ ʹʨ˄ʰʴʨʨʾʳʫʬʪʵ ʨʮʸʰ ʫʨʬʩʨʫʵʹ, ʸʵʳ
ʻʳʨʾʲʬʹʰ ʹʸʻʲʿʵʼʰʹ ʳʰʾ˄ʬʭʨ ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ ˂ʴʵʩʰʬʸʬʩʰʹ ʳˆʵʲʵʫ
ʩʵʲʵʳʫʬ ʪʨʯʨʭʰʹʬʩʰʹ ˀʬʳʯˆʭʬʭʨˀʰʨ ˀʬʹʨ˃ʲʬʩʬʲʰ, ʯʻ ʨʸʨʫʨ
ʱʨ˂ʰ ʳʨʺʬʸʰʨʲʻʸʨʫʨ˂ ʫʨ ʹʻʲʰʬʸʨʫʨ˂ ʨʪʬʩʹʵ. ˄ʳʰʴʫʨ
˄ʬʸʰʲʬʩˀʰ ʴʨʯʽʭʨʳʰʨ, ʸʵʳ ʫʨ˄ʬʹʬʩʻʲ ʳʵʭʨʲʬʵʩʨʯʨ
ˀʬʻʹʸʻʲʬʩʲʵʩʰʹ ˀʬʳʯˆʭʬʭʨˀʰ ʨʫʨʳʰʨʴʹ ʳʨʯʰ ˀʬʫʬʪʬʩʰʹ ʪʨʳʵ
ʺʨʴˇʭʨ ʳʵʬʲʰʹ.
ʨʳʰʺʵʳʨ˂ ʭʰʴ˂ ʺʸʨʴʹ˂ʬʴʫʬʴʺʻʸ ʹʨʽʳʰʨʴʵʩʨʹ ʹʨʯʨʴʨʫʵʫ ʨʸ
ʬʽ˂ʬʭʨ, ʪʨʴ˄ʰʸʻʲʰʨ ʹʨʺʨʴˇʭʬʲʨʫ. ʨʹʬʯʰ ʸʨʳ ʹʻʲʰʬʸʰ
ʹʸʻʲʿʵʼʰʹ ʪʮʨʮʬ ʳʫʪʨʸ ʶʰʸʵʭʴʬʩʨʹ ʳʵʹʫʰʹ. ʹ˄ʵʸʬʫ ʨʳʨʹ
ʨʸ˄ʳʻʴʬʩʹ "ʩˈʨʪʨʭʨʺʨʳʰ" - ʯʻʳ˂ʨ ʫʨ˄ʬʹʬʩʻʲ ʳʵʭʨʲʬʵʩʨʯʨ
ʨʸʨʹʸʻʲʿʵʼʰʲʨʫ ˀʬʹʸʻʲʬʩʰʹ ʳ˄ʨʸʬ ˀʬʫʬʪʰ ʻʴʫʨ ʰ˄ʭʴʰʵʹ,

37

Tavi meeqvse – dhiana-ioga

ʫʨʸʫʹ ʳʨʰʴ˂ ʨʸ ʻʴʫʨ ʳʰʬ˂ʬʹ, ʭʰʴʨʰʫʨʴ ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ ˂ʴʵʩʰʬʸʬʩʨ
ʰʳʫʬʴʨʫ ʹʨʹʰʱʬʯʵʨ, ʸʵʳ ʶʰʸʵʭʴʬʩʰʹ ʵʫʴʨʭʰ ʪʨʸˇʨ˂ ʻʱʭʨʲʵʫ
ʨʸ ʽʸʬʩʨ. ʳʨʹ ʳʵʳʫʬʭʴʵ ˂ˆʵʭʸʬʩʨˀʰ ʻʹʨʯʻʵʫ ʪʨʰˆʹʬʴʬʩʹ ʫʨ
ʪʨʨʪʸ˃ʬʲʬʩʹ ʳʫʨʩʰʵʯʨ ʵˇʨˆˀʰ˂ ʸʵʳ ʫʨʻʩʸʻʴʫʬʹ
˄ʻʯʰʹʵʼʬʲʹ. ʨʹʬ ʸʵʳ, ˄ʰʴʨ ʹʰ˂ʵ˂ˆʲʬˀʰ ʫʨʱʨʸʪʻʲʹ
ʳʵʳʫʬʭʴʵˀʰ ʨʰʴʨʮʾʨʻʸʬʩʹ.
ʳʬʵʸʬ ʳˆʸʰʭ, ʭʰʴ˂ ʳʱʨ˂ʸʨʫ ʨʹʸʻʲʬʩʹ ʯʨʭʰʹ ʭʨʲʹ, ʵʾʵʴʫ
ʻʼʲʰʹ ˂ʴʵʩʰʬʸʬʩʰʹ ʪʨʸʬʯ, ʹʨʹʰʱʬʯʵ ˀʬʫʬʪʹ ʭʬʸ˂ ʨˆʲʨ ʫʨ
ʭʬʸ˂ ʳʵʳʨʭʨʲ ʫʨʩʨʫʬʩʨˀʰ ʭʬʸ ʳʰʨʾ˄ʬʭʹ.
ʨʽʬʫʨʴ ʫʨʹʱʭʴʨ - ʹʨʮʵʪʨʫʵʬʩʨ ʵʸ ˇʪʻʼʨʫ ˀʬʰ˃ʲʬʩʨ ʪʨʭʿʵʯ.
ʹʨˆʬʲʫʵʩʸ - ʰʹʰʴʰ, ʭʰʴ˂ ʳʰˈʿʭʬʩʰʨʴ ʳʵʳ˄ʬʹʸʰʪʬʩʬʲ ʫʨʴʨ˄ʬʹʬʩʹ
ʫʨ ʰʹʰʴʰ, ʭʰʴ˂ ʻʨʸʹ ʨʳʩʵʩʹ ʳʨʯʮʬ.
ʭʰʴ˂ ʳˆʵʲʵʫ ˂ˆʵʭʬʲʻʸ ʭʴʬʩʨʯʨ ʹʨʨʳʬʩʲʨʫ ʰʾ˄ʭʰʨʴ ʫʨ
ʳʵʳʨʭʨʲ ˂ˆʵʭʸʬʩʨʹʨ ʯʻ ʹʻʲʰʬʸ ˆʹʴʨʮʬ ʯʨʭʹ ʨʸ ʰʺʱʰʭʬʩʬʴ, ʰʳ
ˇʪʻʼʹ ʳʰʬʱʻʯʭʴʬʩʰʨʴ, ʭʰʴ˂ ʫʨʴʨ˄ʬʹʬʩʹ ʨʸʨʫ ʨʪʫʬʩʹ.
ʰʹʰʴʰ, ʭʰʴ˂ ˄ʳʰʴʫʨ ˄ʬʸʰʲʬʩʰʯ ʫʨʫʪʬʴʰʲ ʳʵʭʨʲʬʵʩʨʯʨ
ʳʹʨˆʻʸʴʰ ʨʸʰʨʴ, ʶʰʸʭʬʲ ˇʪʻʼˀʰ ˀʬʫʰʨʴ. ʳʵʻ˄ʬʹʸʰʪʬʩʬʲʰ
ʱʨ˂ʰ, ˂ʰʭʰʲʰʮʬʩʻʲʰʨ ʯʻ ʨʸʨ˂ʰʭʰʲʰʮʬʩʻʲʰ, ʪʨʴʨʯʲʬʩʻʲʰ
ʯʻ ʪʨʻʴʨʯʲʬʩʬʲʰ, ˃ʲʰʬʸʰ ʯʻ ʻ˃ʲʻʸʰ... ˆʵʸ˂ʰʹʳʰʬʸ
ʭʴʬʩʬʩʹ ʬʳʵʴʬʩʨ ʫʨ ʹʰʱʬʯʬʹ ʳʵʱʲʬʩʻʲʰʨ ʳʰʹʰ ʪʨʸˇʨ. ʽʭʬʴʨ
ʳʰʫʸʬʱʰʲʬʩʬʩʰʯ - ˅ʨʳʰʯ, ˃ʰʲʰʯ, ʯʨʭʫʨ˂ʭʰʯʨ ʫʨ ʹʽʬʹʵʩʸʰʭʰ
ʻʸʯʰʬʸʯʵʩʰʯ ʪʨʴ˂ˆʸʵʳʨʹ ʳʵʺʸʼʰʨʲʬ ʹʨʳʻʫʨʳʵ ʺʨʴˇʭʰʯ
ʨʾʹʨʭʹʬ ʳʰ˄ʰʬʸ ʨʸʹʬʩʵʩʨʹ ʪʨʴʰʳʮʨʫʬʩʹ.
ʰʹʰʴʰ ʱʰ, ʭʰʴ˂ ˄ʳʰʴʫʨ ˄ʬʸʰʲʯʨ ʴʨʯʬʲʹ ʳʰʹʫʬʭʬʴ,
ʯʨʴʫʨʯʨʴʵʩʰʯ ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ ˂ʴʵʩʰʬʸʬʩʨʳʫʬ ʳʨʾʲʫʬʩʰʨʴ - ʫʨ
ʫʨʨʳʬʩʻʲ, ʻʴʨʾʭʲʵ ʹʰ˂ʵ˂ˆʲʬʹ ˈʶʵʭʬʩʬʴ.
ʨʳ ʹʨʹʰʱʬʯʵ ʪʮʨʮʬ ʳʫʪʨʸʴʰ ˀʬʰ˃ʲʬʩʨ ʹʨʳ ˇʪʻʼʨʫ ʫʨʭʿʵʯ: 1.
˄ʳʰʴʫʨ ˄ʬʸʰʲʬʩʰʹ ʳʰʯʰʯʬʩʬʩʰʹʨ ʫʨ ˄ʬʹʬʩʰʹ ˀʬʳʹʸʻʲʬʩʬʲʴʰ,
ʸʵʳʲʬʩʰ˂ ʳʰ˄ʰʬʸʰ ʱʬʯʰʲʫʾʬʵʩʰʯʨ˂ ʺʱʩʬʩʰʨʴ. 2. ʳʰ˄ʰʬʸʰ
ʨʸʹʬʩʵʩʰʫʨʴ ʹʨʩʵʲʵʵ ʪʨʴʯʨʭʰʹʻʼʲʬʩʰʹ ʳʨ˃ʰʬʩʬʲʴʰ. 3.
ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ ˂ʴʵʩʰʬʸʬʩʰʹ ʬʸʯʪʻʲʴʰ.
ʶʰʸʭʬʲʰ ˇʪʻʼʰ ˀʬʰ˃ʲʬʩʨ ʵʸ ʽʭʬˇʪʻʼʨʫ ʪʨʭʨʴʨ˄ʰʲʵʯ.
ʬʸʯʴʰ, ʭʰʹʨ˂ ʱʨʸʳʰʻʲʰ ʹʨʸʪʬʩʬʲʰ ʪʨʻˆʫʰʨ ʳʰʮʴʨʫ ʫʨ
ʳʬʵʸʬʴʰ, ʭʰʹʨ˂ ʪʸ˃ʴʵʩʨʯʨ ʹʨʨʳʬʩʲʨʫ ʪʨʸˇʰʹ ʨʸʨʭʰʯʨʸʰ

38

Tavi meeqvse – dhiana-ioga

ˀʬʫʬʪʰ ʨʸ ʨʰʴʺʬʸʬʹʬʩʹ. ʶʰʸʭʬʲʴʰ ʰʽʴʬʩ ʹʰ˂ʵ˂ˆʲʰʹ ʳʨʾʨʲ
ʹʨʼʬˆʻʸʮʬ ʨʴ ʳʨʾʨʲ ʶʲʨʴʬʺʬʩʨʳʫʬ˂ ʱʰ ʨʭʰʫʴʬʴ, ʳʨʪʸʨʳ ʸʨʱʰ
ʳʰ˄ʰʬʸʰ ʿʵʼʰʹ ʩʵʸʱʰʲʬʩʰʫʨʴ ʩʵʲʵʳʫʬ ʭʬʸ
ʯʨʭʰʹʻʼʲʫʬʩʰʨʴ, ʳʨʰʴ˂ ʨʸ ʨʸʰʹ ʳʨʯʰ ʪʮʨ ʳʰʹʨʩʨ˃ʰ ʫʨ
ʹʨʹʰʱʬʯʵ. ʬʸʯʨʫʬʸʯʰ ʪʮʨ ˆʹʴʰʹ ʰʹ ʨʸʰʹ, ʸʨʹʨ˂ ʻʼʲʰʹ
ʱʻʸʯˆʬʭʨ ʨˆʲʨʭʹ. ʹˆʭʨ ʫʨʴʨʸˁʬʴʰ, ʸʵʳʲʰʹ ʳʰʮʨʴʹʨ˂ ʹʨʱʻʯʨʸʰ
ʯʨʭʰʹ ˀʬ˂ʴʵʩʨ ʫʨ ʹʰ˂ʵ˂ˆʲʬʮʬ ʹˆʬʻʲʰʹʬʻʲʰ ʱʵʴ˂ʬʼ˂ʰʰʹʨʪʨʴ
ʪʨʴʯʨʭʰʹʻʼʲʬʩʨʹ ʨʸ ʰʯʭʨʲʰʹ˄ʰʴʬʩʹ, ʹʰʱʬʯʬʫʨʳˀʸʨʲʰʨ.
ʳˆʵʲʵʫ ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ ˂ʴʵʩʰʬʸʬʩʰʹ ʳʨʫʲʰʯ ʪʨʳʯʩʨʸʰ ˀʬʪʴʬʩʰʯ
ʶʰʸʵʭʴʬʩʨ ʪʨʴʰˀʵʸʬʩʹ ʿʵʭʬʲʪʭʨʸ ʳʰ˄ʰʬʸ ʻˆʬʸˆʻʲʵʩʨʹ ʫʨ
ʻʳʨʾʲʬʹ ʨʹʱʬʺʨʫ, ʨʴ ʺʸʨʴʹ˂ʬʴʫʬʴʺʨʲʰʹʺʨʫ ʰʽ˂ʬʭʨ. ʸʨʫʪʨʴ
ʰʵʪʨʹ ʸʭʨʹʨʼʬˆʻʸʰʨʴʰ ʹʰʹʺʬʳʰʹ ˀʬʹʸʻʲʬʩʨ ʻʼʲʰʹ ʹʨʩʵʲʵʵ
ˀʬ˂ʴʵʩʰʹʨʱʬʴ ʨʸʰʹ ʳʰʳʨʸʯʻʲʰ, ʳʰʹʰ ʨʾʳʹʸʻʲʬʩʬʲʰ ʹʰʱʬʯʰʹ
ʪʮʨʮʬ ʫʪʨʹ.
ʭʰʴ˂ ʨʳ ʪʮʰʹ ʪʨʹʨʭʲʬʲʨʫ ˃ʨʲ-ʾʵʴʬʹ ʨʸ ʰˀʻʸʬʩʹ, ʨʸ˂
ʫʨ˂ʬʳʰʹ ʻʴʫʨ ʬˀʰʴʵʫʬʹ.
ʲʬʽʹʰ 41
ʾʭʯʰʹʳʵʹʨʭʯʨ ʹʨʳʱʭʰʫʸʵ ʶʲʨʴʬʺʬʩʮʬ ʳʸʨʭʨʲʷʨʳʻʲʰ
ʪʨʴ˂ˆʸʵʳʰʹ ˀʬʳʫʬʪ ʨʫʸʬ ˆʬʲʳʵ˂ʨʸʻʲ ʰʵʪʹ ʪʨʴ˄ʳʬʴʫʰʲʯʨ ʨʴ
ʳʫʰʫʨʸ ʱʬʯʰʲˀʵʩʰʲʯʨ ʵˇʨˆˀʰ ʳʵʻ˄ʬʭʹ ʳʵʳʨʭʨʲʰ ʫʨʩʨʫʬʩʨ.
ˀʰʴʨ-ʨʸʹʰ. ʰʵʪʬʩʰ, ʸʵʳʬʲʯʨ˂ ʩʵʲʵʳʫʬ ʭʬʸ ʫʨʨʻʴˇʬʹ
ʯʨʭʰʨʴʯʰ ʪʻʲʰʹʿʻʸʰ ʻʼʨʲʮʬ, ʵʸ ˇʪʻʼʨʫ ʰʿʵʼʰʨʴ: ʬʸʯʴʰ
ˆʨʴʳʵʱʲʬ ˄ʨʸʳʨʺʬʩʰʹ ˀʬʳʫʬʪ ʬ˂ʬʳʰʨʴ, ʳʬʵʸʬʴʰ ʱʰ ʰʵʪʨʹ ʫʰʫʰ
ˆʴʰʹ ʶʸʨʽʺʰʱʰʹ ˀʬʳʫʬʪʨ˂ ʪʨʴʰ˂ʫʰʨʴ ʨʹʬʯ ʫʨʳʫʨʩʲʬʩʨʹ.
ʶʰʸʭʬʲʴʰ ʰʳ ʶʲʨʴʬʺʬʩʮʬ ˆʭʫʬʩʰʨʴ, ʹʨʫʨ˂ ʫʨʳʱʭʰʫʸʬʩʰʹ
ʻʼʲʬʩʨ ʨʽʭʯ ʾʭʯʰʹʳʵʹʨʭʯ. ʰʽ ˆʨʴʪʸ˃ʲʰʭʰ ˂ˆʵʭʸʬʩʰʹ ˀʬʳʫʬʪ
ʰʪʰ ʱʭʲʨʭ ʫʬʫʨʳʰ˄ʨʮʬ ʬˀʭʬʩʨ, ʸʨʯʨ ˄ʳʰʴʫʨ ʩʸʨˈʳʨʴʰ ʭʨʰˀʴʨʭʰʹ
ʨʴ ʳʫʰʫʨʸʰ ʭʨ˅ʸʰʹ ʵˇʨˆˀʰ ʫʨʰʩʨʫʵʹ.
ʸʵʪʵʸ˂ ʨʳ ʯʨʭʰʹ ʩʵʲʵ ʲʬʽʹˀʰ ʰʽʴʬʩʨ ʪʨʴʳʨʸʺʬʩʻʲʰ, ʰʵʪʨʹ
ʪʨʴˆʵʸ˂ʰʬʲʬʩʰʹ ˅ʬˀʳʨʸʰʺ ʳʰʮʨʴʹ ʹʨʱʻʯʨʸ ʪʻʲˀʰ ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ
˂ʴʵʩʰʬʸʬʩʰʹ ʹʸʻʲʿʵʼʨ ˄ʨʸʳʵʨʫʪʬʴʹ. ʳʨʪʸʨʳ ʳʨʯ, ʭʰʴ˂ ʭʬʸ
ʻ˃ʲʬʩʬʴ ʳʨʺʬʸʰʨʲʻʸ ˂ʯʻʴʬʩʬʩʹ ʫʨ ʳʨʸ˂ˆʫʬʩʰʨʴ, ʻʼʲʰʹ

39

Tavi meeqvse – dhiana-ioga

˄ʿʨʲʵʩʰʯ ʳʰ˄ʰʬʸ ʳʵʯˆʵʭʴʰʲʬʩʨʯʨ ʫʨʱʳʨʿʵʼʰʲʬʩʰʹ ʴʬʩʨ
ʬ˃ʲʬʭʨʯ - ˆʬʲʨˆʲʨ ʰʩʨʫʬʩʰʨʴ ʱʬʯʰʲˀʵʩʰʲʯʨ ʫʨ
˄ʨʸˁʰʴʬʩʻʲʯʨ ʵˇʨˆʬʩˀʰ, ʹʨʫʨ˂ ʳʫʰʫʸʻʲʰ ˂ˆʵʭʸʬʩʰʯ
ʪʨʴ˂ˆʸʵʳʨʹ ʬ˃ʲʬʭʰʨʴ. ʨʹʬʯ ʶʰʸʵʭʴʬʩʬʩʹ ˀʬʻ˃ʲʰʨʯ ʪʨʳʵʰʿʬʴʵʴ
ʨʸʹʬʩʻʲʰ ʻʶʰʸʨʺʬʹʵʩʨʴʰ ʫʨ ʱʭʲʨʭ ʯʨʭʰʫʨʴ ʫʨʰ˄ʿʵʴ ʹʸʻʲ
ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ ˂ʴʵʩʰʬʸʬʩʨʳʫʬ ʨʾʳʨʹʭʲʨ.
ʲʬʽʹʰ 42
ʶʰʸʵʭʴʬʩʨʹ, ʯʻ ʰʵʪʨʹ ˆʨʴʪʸ˃ʲʰʭʰ ˄ʭʸʯʴʰʹ ˀʬʳʫʬʪʨ˂
˄ʨʸʳʨʺʬʩʨʹ ʭʬʸ ʳʰʨʾ˄ʬʭʹ, ʹʻʲʰʬʸʬʩʰʯ ʪʨʳʵʸˁʬʻʲ ʰʳ ʵˇʨˆˀʰ
ʫʨʩʨʫʬʩʨ ʳʵʻ˄ʬʭʹ, ʹʨʫʨ˂ ʻʬ˅ʭʬʲʰ ʫʰʫʰ ʹʰʩʸ˃ʴʰʯ
ʴʰˀʨʴʫʬʩʻʲʴʰ ʹʨˆʲʵʩʬʴ. ˂ˆʨʫʰʨ, ʨʳ ʹʨʳʿʨʸʵˀʰ ʨʹʬʯʰ
ʪʨʴʳʬʵʸʬʩʰʯʰ ʫʨʩʨʫʬʩʨ ʰˀʭʰʨʯʨʫ ʯʻ ʭʰʴʳʬʹ ˆʭʫʬʩʨ ˄ʰʲʨʫ.
ˀʰʴʨ-ʨʸʹʰ. ʨʽ ʹʰʩʸ˃ʴʰʯ ˂ʴʵʩʰʲ ʰʵʪʯʨ ˄ʳʰʴʫʨ ʵˇʨˆˀʰ
ʫʨʩʨʫʬʩʨʹ ʬʹˆʳʬʩʨ ˆʵʺʩʨ - ʨʹʬʯ ʪʨʸʬʳʵˀʰ ʩʨʭˀʭʰ
ʫʨʩʨʫʬʩʰʫʨʴʭʬ ʹʻʲʰʬʸ ˃ʻ˃ʻʹ ˄ʵʭʹ. ʬʹ ʪʨʴʹʨʱʻʯʸʬʩʰʯ
ʨˁʨʸʰʬʩʰʹ ʨʴ ʪʵʹʭʨʳʬʩʰʹ ʵˇʨˆʬʩʮʬ ʰʯʽʳʰʹ. ʨʽ ʫʨʳʱʭʰʫʸʬʩʻʲ
ʺʸʨʫʰ˂ʰʬʩʮʬ ʨʾʮʸʫʰʲʴʰ ʳʬʺʨʫ ʪʨʴʹ˄ʨʭʲʻʲʴʰ, ʾʭʯʰʹ
ʬʸʯʪʻʲʬʩʰʯ ʳʨʫʲʳʵʹʰʲʴʰ ʪʨʳʵʫʰʨʴ ʫʨ ʹˆʭʨʯʨ ʹʻʲʰʬʸʰ
ʳʵ˃ʾʭʸʬʩʰ ˆʫʬʩʰʨʴ.
ʰʴʫʵʬʯˀʰ ʩʬʭʸʰʨ ʨʹʬʯʰ ʨˁʨʸʰʨʯʨ ʵˇʨˆʰ. ʨʳʷʨʳʨʫ ʨʸʨʹ˄ʵʸʰ
ʪʨʴʨʯʲʬʩʰʹʨ ʫʨ ʨʾʮʸʫʰʹ ʪʨʳʵ ʳʨʯʰ ʫʰʫʰ ʴʨ˄ʰʲʰ
ʪʨʫʨʪʭʨʸʫʨ. ʯʻʳ˂, ʻʼʲʰʹ ˀʬ˄ʬʭʴʰʯ ʱʰʫʬʭ ʪʭˆʭʫʬʩʨ ʰʹʬʯʰ
ʵˇʨˆʬʩʰ, ʹʨʫʨ˂ ʺʸʨʴʹ˂ʬʴʫʬʴʺʨʲʰʹʺʯʨ ʯʨʵʩʬʩʰ ʰʮʸʫʬʩʰʨʴ.
ʻʫʨʵʫ ʫʰʫʰ ʩʬʫʴʰʬʸʬʩʨʨ ʨʹʬʯ ʵˇʨˆˀʰ ʫʨʩʨʫʬʩʨ!..
ʹʨʩʬʫʴʰʬʸʵʫ, ˁʭʬʴʰ ʹʻʲʰʬʸʰ ʳʵ˃ʾʭʨʸʰ˂ ʵʳ ʭʰˀʴʻʶʨʫʨ ˀʸʰ
ˀʸʰʳʨʫ ʩˈʨʱʺʰʹʰʫˈʨʴʺʨ ʹʨʸʨʹʭʨʺʰ ʪʵʹʭʨʳʰ ʳʨˈʨʸʨˇʨ˂ ʫʨ
ʳʵʱʸ˃ʨʲʬʩʻʲʰ ʨʭʺʵʸʰ˂, ʻʼʲʰʹ ʱʻʸʯˆʬʭʰʯ ʨʹʬʯ ʵˇʨˆʬʩˀʰ
ʫʨʭʰʩʨʫʬʯ ʫʨ ʻʼʲʰʹ ʬʸʯʪʻʲ ʹʨʳʹʨˆʻʸˀʰ ʪʨʭʰʮʨʸʫʬʯ.
ʳʵʪʭʰʨʴʬʩʰʯ ʾʭʯʰʹ ʻʮʬʴʨʬʹʰ ʴʬʩʰʯ ʬʸʯʳʨʴʬʯʹ ˀʬʭˆʭʫʰʯ.
ʲʬʽʹʰ 43

40

Tavi meeqvse – dhiana-ioga

ʵ, ʱʻʸʻʹ ˀʭʰʲʵ, ʨʹʬʯʰ ʩʬʫʹʭʰʨʴʰ ʫʨʩʨʫʬʩʰʹ ˀʬʳʫʬʪ ʰʪʰ
ʨʾʰʫʪʬʴʹ ˄ʰʴʨ ˂ˆʵʭʸʬʩʰʹʷʨʳʰʴʫʬʲ ˂ʴʵʩʰʬʸʬʩʨʹ ʫʨ ʹʻʲʰʬʸʰ
ʹʸʻʲʿʵʼʰʹʨʱʬʴ ˄ʰʴʹʭʲʨʹ ʫʨʰ˄ʿʬʩʹ.
ˀʰʴʨ-ʨʸʹʰ. ʳʬʼʬ ʩˈʨʸʨʺʨ, ʸʵʳʬʲʰ˂ ʳʬʹʨʳʬˇʬʸ ʫʨʰʩʨʫʨ
ʱʬʯʰʲˀʵʩʰʲʰ ʩʸʨˈʳʨʴʰʹ ʵˇʨˆˀʰ, ʰʳʰʹ ʳʨʪʨʲʰʯʰʨ, ʯʻ ʸʵʪʵʸ
ˀʬʰ˃ʲʬʩʨ ʨʹʬʯʰ ʫʨʩʨʫʬʩʰʯ ˄ʰʴʨ ʹʻʲʰʬʸʰ ˂ʴʵʩʰʬʸʬʩʰʹ
ʨʾʫʪʬʴʨ. ʩˈʨʸʨʺʨ ʳʯʬʲʰ ʳʹʵʼʲʰʵʹ ʳʩʸ˃ʨʴʬʩʬʲʰ ʳʬʼʬ
ʪʨˆʲʫʨʯ. ʳʨʹ ˀʬʳʫʬʪ ʶʲʨʴʬʺʨ ʫʬʫʨʳʰ˄ʨ ʴʨˆʬʭʨʸʾʳʬʸʯʬʩʹ
ˀʵʸʰʹ ʩˈʨʸʨʺʨ-ʭʨʸˀʨʫ ʨʸʰʹ ʹʨˆʬʲʫʬʩʻʲʰ. ˄ʰʴʨʯ ʳʨʹ
ʰʲʨʭʸʰʺʨ-ʭʨʸˀʨ ʬʸʽʭʨ. ʳʩʸ˃ʨʴʬʩʬʲʰ ˅ʨʩʻʱʵʩʰʹ ˆʨʴʹ
ˁʨʳʵʹ˂ʰʲʫʨ ʿʭʬʲʨʼʬʸʹ, ʸʨʯʨ ʹʻʲʰʬʸʰ ʹʸʻʲʿʵʼʰʹ ʪʮʨʹ
ʫʨʹʫʪʵʳʵʫʨ, ʳʨʪʸʨʳ ˄ʨʸʳʨʺʬʩʨʹ ʭʬʸ ʳʰʨʾ˄ʰʨ.
ʪʨʭʰʫʨ ʫʰʫʰ ˆʨʴʰ ʫʨ ʰʪʰ ˀʬʳʫʬʪ ˂ˆʵʭʸʬʩʨˀʰ ʩʸʨˈʳʨʴʰʹ
ʵˇʨˆˀʰ ʫʨʰʩʨʫʨ. ˂ʴʵʩʰʲʰ ʰʿʵ, ʸʵʪʵʸ˂ ˇʨʫʨ ʩˈʨʸʨʺʨ, ʸʨʫʪʨʴ
ʪʨʴʳʨʸʺʵʬʩʻʲ ˂ˆʵʭʸʬʩʨʹ ʬ˄ʬʵʫʨ ʫʨ ʳʫʻʳʨʸʬʩʰʹ ʨʾʯʽʳʨʹ
ʰ˂ʨʭʫʨ. ʳˆʵʲʵʫ ʳʵʪʭʰʨʴʬʩʰʯ ʳʬʼʬ ʸʨˈʻʪʨʴʨʫ ʨʾʳʵʨˁʰʴʨ, ʸʵʳ
ʰʪʰ ʫʰʨʫʰ ˄ʳʰʴʫʨʴʰ ʰʿʵ.
ʳʰʹʰ ˂ˆʵʭʸʬʩʰʫʨʴ ʪʨʹʨʪʬʩʰ ˆʫʬʩʨ, ʸʵʳ ʺʸʨʴʹ˂ʬʴʫʬʴʺʻʸʰ
ʳ˂ʫʬʲʵʩʬʩʰ, ʨʴʻ ʰʵʪʨʹ ˀʬʹʸʻʲʬʩʨ ʨʳʨʵʫ ʨʸ ˁʨʰʭʲʰʹ. ʻʼʲʰʹ
˄ʿʨʲʵʩʰʯ ʳʨʹ ʳʵʳʨʭʨʲʰ ʫʨʩʨʫʬʩʰʹ ˀʬʳʫʬʪ ʱʭʲʨʭ ʳʰʬ˂ʬʳʨ
ˀʬʹʨ˃ʲʬʩʲʵʩʨ ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ ˂ʴʵʩʰʬʸʬʩʨˀʰ ʹʨʩʵʲʵʵ ʹʸʻʲʿʵʼʰʹʨ.
ʲʬʽʹʰ 44
ʸʨʱʰ ʶʰʸʵʭʴʬʩʨʹ ˄ʰʴʨ ˂ˆʵʭʸʬʩʨˀʰ ʾʭʯʨʬʩʸʰʭʰ ˂ʴʵʩʰʬʸʬʩʨ
ʹ˄ʿʨʲʵʩʫʨ ʫʨ ʨʳ ʹʰʩʸ˃ʴʰʹ ʳʨʫʲʹ ˆʨʸʩʨʫ ʬ˄ʨʼʬʩʵʫʨ,
ʪʨʴʳʬʵʸʬʩʨʫ ʹʰ˂ʵ˂ˆʲʬˀʰ ʰʵʪʨʹ ˄ʭʸʯʴʰʹʨʱʬʴ ʹ˄ʸʨʼʭʨ
ʯʨʭʰʹʯʨʭʨʫ ʬʻʼʲʬʩʨ. ʨʹʬʯʰ ʳʰʹ˄ʸʨʼʬʩʬʩʰʹ ʨʾʳʹʸʻʲʬʩʬʲʰ
˄ʳʰʴʫʨʴʰ ʿʵʭʬʲʯʭʰʹ ʨʾ˄ʬʭʹ ˄ʳʰʴʫʨ ˄ʬʸʰʲʯʨ ʶʸʰʴ˂ʰʶʬʩʰʹ
ʪʨʴˆʵʸ˂ʰʬʲʬʩʨˀʰ ˄ʨʸʳʨʺʬʩʨʹ.
ˀʰʴʨ-ʨʸʹʰ. ʰʵʪʬʩʹ, ʸʵʳʬʲʯʨ˂ ʻʱʭʬ ʨʭʲʬʹ ˄ʭʸʯʴʰʹ ʳʨʾʨʲʰ
ʹʨʼʬˆʻʸʬʩʰ, ˄ʳʰʴʫʨ ˄ʬʸʰʲʬʩʰʯ ʪʨʯʭʨʲʰʹ˄ʰʴʬʩʻʲʰ
ʸʰʺʻʨʲʻʸʰ ˄ʬʹʬʩʰ ʨʾʨʸ ʰʮʰʫʨʭʯ. ʰʹʰʴʰ ʽʭʬˀʬ˂ʴʬʻʲʨʫ

41

Tavi meeqvse – dhiana-ioga

ʬʲʺʭʰʨʴ ʰʵʪʨʹ ʶʸʰʴ˂ʰʶʬʩʹ, ʸʨʹʨ˂ ʱʭʲʨʭ ʫʨ ʱʭʲʨʫ ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ
˂ʴʵʩʰʬʸʬʩʨʳʫʬ ʳʨʯʰ ʮʬʨʾʹʭʲʨ ʳʵˈʿʭʬʩʨ.
"ˀʸʰʳʨʫ-ʩˈʨʪʨʭʨʺʨʳˀʰ" (3.33.7) ʨʹʬʯʰ
ʺʸʨʴʹ˂ʬʴʫʬʴʺʨʲʰʹʺʬʩʰʹ ʫʨʳʵʱʰʫʬʩʻʲʬʩʨ ʭʬʫʻʸʰ
ʸʰʺʻʨʲʬʩʰʹʨʫʳʰ ˀʬʳʫʬʪʴʨʰʸʨʫ ʨʸʰʹ ʨˆʹʴʰʲʰ:
"ʻʼʨʲʵ ˁʬʳʵ! ʭʰʴ˂ ˀʬʴʰ ʳʵ˄ʿʨʲʬʩʰʹ ˄ʳʰʴʫʨ ʹʨˆʬʲʬʩʹ
ʪʨʲʵʩʹ, ʻʱʭʬ ʫʨʫʪʰʴʬʩʻʲʰʨ ʹʻʲʰʬʸʰ ˂ˆʵʭʸʬʩʰʹ ʳʨʾʨʲ
ʹʨʼʬˆʻʸʮʬ, ʯʻʴʫʨ˂ ˃ʨʾʲʰʹʳ˅ʨʳʬʲʰʹ ʵˇʨˆˀʰ ʰʿʵʹ ˀʵʩʰʲʰ.
ʨʹʬʯ ʳʪʨʲʵʩʬʲʯ ʪʨʭʲʰʲʰ ʨʽʭʹ ʿʭʬʲʨ ʨʹʱʬʮʰ, ˀʬʻʹʸʻʲʬʩʰʨʯ
ʿʭʬʲʨ ʹʨ˅ʰʸʵ ʳʹˆʭʬʸʶʲˀʬ˄ʰʸʭʨ, ʿʵʭʬʲ ˄ʳʰʴʫʨ ʨʫʪʲʨʹ
ʪʨʴʩʨʴʰʲʨʴ ʫʨ ʿʭʬʲʨ ˄ʳʰʴʫʨ ˄ʬʸʰʲʰ ˀʬʻʹ˄ʨʭʲʰʨʯ."
ʨʳʰʹ ˂ʴʵʩʰʲʰ ʳʨʪʨʲʰʯʰ ʪʭʰˁʭʬʴʨ ʻʼʨʲʳʨ ˁʨʰʺʨʴʰʨʳ,
ʸʵʳʬʲʳʨ˂ ʯˈʨʱʻʸʨ ˈʨʸʰʫʨʹʨ ʯʨʭʰʹ ʿʭʬʲʨʮʬ ʾʰʸʹʬʻʲ
ʳʵ˄ʨʼʬʫ ʨʾʰʨʸʨ. ʯʻʳ˂ʨ ʯˈʨʱʻʸʨ ʳʻʹʻʲʳʨʴʻʸ ʵˇʨˆˀʰ
ʫʨʰʩʨʫʨ, ˁʨʰʺʨʴʰʨʳ ʰʪʰ ʴʨʳʨˁʨʸʰʨʹ ʫʵʴʬʳʫʬ ʨʨʳʨʾʲʨ, ʭʰʴʨʰʫʨʴ
ʪʨʴʻ˄ʿʭʬʺʲʰʭ, ʹʨʳʨʹʰ ʨʯʨʹˇʬʸ ʪʨʲʵʩʰʯ ˄ʨʸʳʵʯʽʭʨʳʫʨ
ʻʼʲʰʹ ˄ʳʰʴʫʨ ʹʨˆʬʲʬʩʹ: ˈʨʸʬ ʱʸʰˀʴʨ, ˈʨʸʬ ʱʸʰˀʴʨ, ʱʸʰˀʴʨ
ʱʸʰˀʴʨ, ˈʨʸʬ ˈʨʸʬ, ˈʨʸʬ ʸʨʳʨ, ˈʨʸʬ ʸʨʳʨ, ʸʨʳʨ ʸʨʳʨ, ˈʨʸʬ ˈʨʸʬ.
ʻʼʲʰʹ ʹʨʫʰʫʬʩʬʲʰ ʪʨʲʵʩʨ ʸʵʳ ʪʨʳʻʫʳʬʩʰʯ ʨʾʬʭʲʰʴʨ,
ʪʨʹʨʪʬʩʰʨ, ʸʵʳ ˀʨʩʫʨ-ʩˈʨʸʳʨʹ ʹʨˆʬʲʰʯ ˂ʴʵʩʰʲʰ ʭʬʫʬʩʰʹ ʿʭʬʲʨ
ʸʰʺʻʨʲʰ ʻʴʫʨ ʨʾʬʹʸʻʲʬʩʰʴʨ ˄ʰʴʨ ˂ˆʵʭʸʬʩʨˀʰ.
ʨʽʬʫʨʴ ʫʨʹʱʭʴʨ - ʹʨʴʨʳ ʨʫʨʳʰʨʴʰ ʨʸ ʪʨʴʰ˄ʳʰʴʫʬʩʨ, ʭʬʸ
ʬʮʰʨʸʬʩʨ ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ ˂ʴʵʩʰʬʸʬʩʨʹ ʫʨ ʭʬʸ ʰʪʨʲʵʩʬʩʹ ʻʼʲʰʹ
˄ʳʰʴʫʨ ʹʨˆʬʲʬʩʹ - ˈʨʸʬ ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ.
ʲʬʽʹʰ 45
ʯʻ ʿʵʭʬʲʪʭʨʸʰ ʩʰ˄ʰʬʸʬʩʰʹʨʪʨʴ ʪʨʴ˄ʳʬʴʫʰʲʰ ʰʵʪʰ
ʪʻʲ˄ʸʼʬʲʨʫ ʬʹ˄ʸʨʼʰʹ ˀʬʳʫʪʵʳ ˄ʰʴʹʭʲʨʹ, ʳʸʨʭʨʲʰ
ʪʨʴʳʬʵʸʬʩʨʫʰ ʫʨʩʨʫʬʩʰʹ ʶʸʵ˂ʬʹˀʰ ʻʼʸʵ ʫʨ ʻʼʸʵ ʹʸʻʲʿʵʼʹ
ʰʵʪʨʹ, ʸʰʹ ˀʬʳʫʬʪʨ˂ ʻʮʬʴʨʬʹ ʳʰʮʨʴʹ ʳʰʨʾ˄ʬʭʹ.
ˀʰʴʨ-ʨʸʹʰ. ʪʨʴʹʨʱʻʯʸʬʩʻʲʨʫ ʱʬʯʰʲˀʵʩʰʲ, ʪʨʳʵˁʰʴʬʩʻʲ, ʨʴ
˄ʳʰʴʫʨ ʵˇʨˆˀʰ ʫʨʩʨʫʬʩʻʲʰ ʨʫʨʳʰʨʴʰ ˆʭʫʬʩʨ, ʯʻ ʸʨ
ˆʬʲʹʨʿʸʬʲʰ ʶʰʸʵʩʬʩʰ ʳʰʬ˂ʨ ʳʨʹ ʰʵʪʨʹ ˀʬʹʨʹʸʻʲʬʩʲʨʫ.

42

Tavi meeqvse – dhiana-ioga

ʨʳʰʺʵʳ ˀʬʳʨʸʯʬʩʰʯ ʰ˄ʿʬʩʹ ˄ʰʴʨ ˂ˆʵʭʸʬʩʨˀʰ ʫʨʻʳʯʨʭʸʬʩʬʲʰ
ʹʨʽʳʰʹ ʩʵʲʵʳʫʬ ʳʰʿʭʨʴʨʹ, ʸʨʹʨ˂ ʳʰ˄ʰʬʸʰ ˅ʻ˅ʿʰʹʨʪʨʴ ʳʰʹʰ
ʪʨʴ˄ʳʬʴʫʨ ʫʨ ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ ˂ʴʵʩʰʬʸʬʩʨʳʫʬ ʳʰʾ˄ʬʭʨ ʳʵʹʫʬʭʹ.
ʯʨʭʨʫ ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ ˂ʴʵʩʰʬʸʬʩʨʹʯʨʴ ʳʰʨˆʲʬʩʨ ʿʵʭʬʲʪʭʨʸʰ
ʻ˄ʳʰʴʫʻʸʬʩʰʹ ˁʨʳʵˀʵʸʬʩʨʹ ʴʰˀʴʨʭʹ. ʬʹ ʫʨʫʨʹʺʻʸʬʩʻʲʰʨ
"ʩˈʨʪʨʭʨʫ-ʪʰʺʨˀʰ" (7.28):
"ʳʸʨʭʨʲʰ ʫʨʩʨʫʬʩʰʹ ˀʬʳʫʬʪ ʾʭʯʰʹʳʵʹʨʭʰ ʹʨʽʳʰʨʴʵʩʰʹ
ˀʬʫʬʪʨʫ ʿʵʭʬʲʪʭʨʸʰ ʹʰʩʰʴ˃ʻʸʰʹʨʪʨʴ ʫʨ ˄ʨʸʳʵʹʨˆʭʰʯʰ
ʵʸʳʨʪʵʩʬʩʰʹʨʪʨʴ ʪʨʴ˄ʳʬʴʫʰʲʰ ʨʫʨʳʰʨʴʰ ʻʼʲʰʹ ʹʻʲʰʬʸʰ
ʹʰʿʭʨʸʻʲʰʯ ʪʨʴʨʯʬʩʻʲ ʳʹʨˆʻʸʬʩʨʹ ˀʬʻʫʪʬʩʨ."
ʲʬʽʹʰ 46
ʰʵʪʰ ʻʼʸʵ ʨʾʳʨʺʬʩʻʲʰʨ, ʭʰʫʸʬ ʪʨʴʫʬʪʰʲʰ, ʻʼʸʵ ʳʨʾʨʲʰ,
ʭʰʫʸʬ ʪʸ˃ʴʵʩʨʯʨ ʻʶʰʸʨʺʬʹʵʩʰʹ ʳʨʾʰʨʸʬʩʬʲʰ ʳʵʨʮʸʵʭʴʬ ʫʨ
ʱʨʸʳʰʻʲ ʹʨʽʳʬʯʨ ʳʵʽʳʬʫʮʬ˂ ʮʬʭʰʯ ʫʪʨʹ. ʨʳʰʺʵʳʨ˂, ʵ,
ʨʸˇʻʴʨ, ʰʿʨʭ ʳʨʸʨʫʰ ʰʵʪʰ!
ˀʰʴʨ-ʨʸʹʰ. ʰʵʪʮʬ ʹʨʻʩʸʰʹʨʹ ʰʪʻʲʰʹˆʳʬʩʨ ˁʭʬʴʰ ˂ʴʵʩʰʬʸʬʩʰʹ
ʱʨʭˀʰʸʰ ʻʮʬʴʨʬʹ ʨʩʹʵʲʻʺʻʸ ˅ʬˀʳʨʸʰʺʬʩʨʹʯʨʴ. ʨʳʪʭʨʸ
ʶʸʵ˂ʬʹʹ ʹˆʭʨʫʨʹˆʭʨ ʹʨˆʬʲʰʯ ʳʵʰʹˆʬʴʰʬʩʬʴ, ʰʳʰʹ ʳʰˆʬʫʭʰʯ,
ʯʻ ʸʨ ʪʮʨʹ ʰʸˁʬʭʬʴ ʳʰʹʰ ˀʬʳʹʸʻʲʬʩʬʲʴʰ. ʸʵ˂ʨ ʬʹ ʱʨʭˀʰʸʰ
˃ʰʸʰʯʨʫʨʫ ʱʨʸʳʰʻʲ ʹʨʽʳʬʬʩʹ ʬʼʻ˃ʴʬʩʨ, ʳʨʹ ʱʨʸʳʨ-ʰʵʪʨ ˈʽʭʰʨ,
ʯʻ ʻʼʸʵ ʪʸ˃ʴʵʩʨʯʨ ʻʶʰʸʨʺʬʹʵʩʰʯ ˆʫʬʩʨ - ˇʴʨʴʨ-ʰʵʪʨ, ˆʵʲʵ
ʸʵ˂ʨ ʳʨʹ ˃ʰʸʰʯʨʫʨʫ ʻʮʬʴʨʬʹ ʻʼʨʲʯʨʴ ʬʸʯʪʻʲʰ
ʻʸʯʰʬʸʯʵʩʨ ʻ˃ʬʭʹ ʹʨʼʻ˃ʭʲʨʫ, ʩˈʨʱʺʰ-ʰʵʪʨ ʬ˄ʵʫʬʩʨ.
ʸʵʪʵʸ˂ ʬʹ ʳʵʳʫʬʭʴʵ ʲʬʽʹˀʰʨ ʪʨʴʳʨʸʺʬʩʻʲʰ, ʩˈʨʱʺʰ-ʰʵʪʨ
ʨʴʻ ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ ˂ʴʵʩʰʬʸʬʩʨ ʿʭʬʲʨʮʬ ʹʸʻʲʿʵʼʰʲʰ ʹʨʼʬˆʻʸʰʨ
ʰʵʪʨʹ ʹʨˆʬʵʩʨʯʨ ˀʵʸʰʹ. ʬʹ ʻʼʨʲʳʨ˂ ʫʨʨʳʺʱʰ˂ʨ, ʯʻʳ˂ʨ ʨʸʹʨʫ
ʻˆʹʬʴʬʩʰʨ, ʸʵʳ ʰʵʪʨ ʩˈʨʱʺʰ-ʰʵʪʨʮʬ ʳʨʾʲʨ ʫʪʨʹ. ʩˈʨʱʺʰ-ʰʵʪʨ
ʫʨʹʸʻʲʬʩʻʲʰ ʹʻʲʰʬʸʰ ˂ʵʫʴʨʨ, ʨʳʰʺʵʳ ʳʨʹ ʭʬʸʨʼʬʸʰ
ʨʾʬʳʨʺʬʩʨ.
ʹʨʱʻʯʨʸʰ ʳʬ-ʹ ˀʬ˂ʴʵʩʰʹʨ ʫʨ ʻʮʬʴʨʬʹ ʻʼʨʲʮʬ ʳʰʴʫʵʩʰʹ
ʪʨʸʬˀʬ ʪʨʴʫʬʪʰʲʵʩʨ ʨʸʨʹʸʻʲʿʵʼʰʲʰʨ, ʱʨʸʳʰʻʲʰ
ʹʨʽʳʰʨʴʵʩʨ˂ ʫʸʵʰʹ ʼʻ˅ʨʫ ʼʲʨʴʪʭʨʨ. ʨʳʰʺʵʳ ʨʽ ˁʨʳʵʯʭʲʰʲ

43

Tavi meeqvse – dhiana-ioga

ʰʵʪʨʯʨ ˀʵʸʰʹ ʩˈʨʱʺʰ-ʰʵʪʨʨ ˆʵʺʩʰʹ ʾʰʸʹʰ. ʬʹ ʻʼʸʵ ʴʨʯʲʨʫ
ʳʵʳʫʬʭʴʵ ʲʬʽʹˀʰ ʰʽʴʬʩʨ ʨˆʹʴʰʲʰ.
ʲʬʽʹʰ 47
ʫʨ ʿʭʬʲʨ ʰʵʪʹ ˀʵʸʰʹ ʰʹ, ʭʰʴ˂ ʳʺʱʰ˂ʬ ʸ˄ʳʬʴʰʯ ʳʻʫʨʳ ˁʬʳˀʰʨ,
ʭʰʹʰ ˀʰʴʨʪʨʴʰ ʨʸʹʵʩʨ˂ ˁʬʳʮʬ ʼʰʽʸʰʯ ʨʸʰʹ ʶʰʸʨʳʫʬ ʹʨʭʹʬ ʫʨ
ʹʻʲʰʬʸʰ ʺʸʼʰʨʲʬʩʰʯ ʳʬʳʹʨˆʻʸʬʩʨ, ʰʵʪʨʯʰ ʪʨʴʻʿʵʼʲʨʫ
ˀʬʬʴʰʭʯʨ ˁʬʳʹ ˂ʴʵʩʰʬʸʬʩʨʹ ʫʨ ʹʨʳʨʸʨʫʷʨʳʵ ʱʻʸʯˆʬʭʨ ʳʵʰʶʵʭʨ.
ʨʹʬʯʰʨ ˁʬʳʰ ʨʮʸʰ...
ˀʰʴʨ-ʨʸʹʰ. ʹʰʺʿʭʨ ʩˈʨˇʨʺʬʹ ʨʽ ʨʸʹʬʩʰʯʰ ʳʴʰˀʭʴʬʲʵʩʨ ʨʽʭʹ. ʳʰʹʰ
ʲʬʽʹʰʱʻʸʰ ˃ʰʸʰʨ ʮʳʴʨ ʩˈʨˇ, ʸʵʳʬʲʰ˂ ʳʹʨˆʻʸʬʩʰʹ
ʨʻ˂ʰʲʬʩʲʵʩʨʹ ʪʨʳʵˆʨʺʨʭʹ. ʹʰʺʿʭʨ "ʯʨʿʭʨʴʰʹ˂ʬʳʨ" ʭʬʸ
ʪʨʫʳʵʹ˂ʬʳʹ ʩˈʨˇʰʹ ʨʸʹʹ. ʯʨʿʭʨʴʬʩʨ ʶʨʺʰʭʰʹ˂ʬʳʨʹ, ʪʨʾʳʬʸʯʬʩʨʹ,
ʳʵʱʸ˃ʨʲʬʩʨʹ ʴʰˀʴʨʭʹ, ʳʨʪʸʨʳ ʹʰʿʭʨʸʻʲʰʯʨ ʫʨ ʸ˄ʳʬʴʰʯ
ʹʨʳʹʨˆʻʸʰ ʪʨʴʹʨʱʻʯʸʬʩʻʲʰ ˀʰʴʨʨʸʹʰʯ ʨʸʰʹ ʫʨʺʭʰʸʯʻʲʰ.
ʯʻ ʨʫʨʳʰʨʴʰ ʶʨʺʰʭʹʨ˂ʬʳ ʶʰʸʯʨ ʨʴ ʴʨˆʬʭʨʸʾʳʬʸʯʬʩʰʹ
ʯʨʿʭʨʴʰʹ˂ʬʳʨʮʬ ʻʨʸʹ ʨʳʩʵʩʹ, ʬʹ ʹʨʽ˂ʰʬʲʰ ʻʫʰʬʸʬʩʨʫ
ˁʨʰʯʭʲʬʩʨ, ʳʨʪʸʨʳ ʻʮʬʴʨʬʹʰ ʻʼʲʰʹ ʳʹʨˆʻʸʬʩʨʮʬ ʯʨʭʰʹ
ʨʳʸʰʫʬʩʬʲʰ ʭʬʸʹʨʫ ˄ʨʻʭʨ ʳʱʨ˂ʸ ʹʨʹˇʬʲʹ.
ʿʵʭʬʲʰ ʹʻʲʫʪʳʻʲʰ ʻʼʲʰʹ ʪʨʴʻʿʵʼʬʲʰ ʴʨ˄ʰʲʰʨ ʫʨ
ʯʨʭʰʹʰ ˀʰʴʨʪʨʴʰ ʳʵ˄ʵʫʬʩʰʯ ʳʨʹʭʬ ʻʴʫʨ ʻʳʹʨˆʻʸʬʩʵʫʬʹ. ʨʳʰʹ
ˀʬʻʹʸʻʲʬʩʲʵʩʰʹ ˀʬʳʯˆʭʬʭʨˀʰ ʳʰʹʰ ʹʻʲʰʬʸʰ ʫʨ˂ʬʳʨʫʨʱʴʰʴʬʩʨ ʪʨʸʫʻʭʨʲʰʨ. "ʩˈʨʪʨʭʨʺʨʳʰ" (11.5.3) ʨʳʨʹ
ˀʬʳʫʬʪʴʨʰʸʨʫ ʨʫʨʹʺʻʸʬʩʹ:
"ʭʰʴ˂ ʯʨʭʫʨʶʰʸʭʬʲ ʻʼʨʲʹ, ʿʵʭʬʲʰ ˂ʵ˂ˆʨʲʰ ʨʸʹʬʩʰʹ
ˀʬʽʳʴʰʹ ʹʨʯʨʭʬʹ, ʨʸ ʬʳʹʨˆʻʸʬʩʨ ʫʨ ʯʨʭʰʹ ʳʵʭʨʲʬʵʩʨʹ
ʻʪʻʲʭʬʩʬʲʿʵʼʹ, ʻʹʨʯʻʵʫ ʳʫʨʩʲʫʬʩʨ ʯʨʭʰʹʰ ʩʻʴʬʩʸʰʭʰ
ʳʿʵʼʵʩʰʫʨʴ."
ʹʰʺʿʭʨ ʩˈʨˇʨʴʺʰ ʨʳ ʲʬʽʹˀʰʨ˂ʨʨ ʪʨʳʵʿʬʴʬʩʻʲʰ, ʸʵʪʵʸ˂
ʳˆʵʲʵʫ ʻʮʬʴʨʬʹʯʨʴ ʳʰʹʨʫʨʪʬʩʬʲʰ ʹʰʺʿʭʨ. "ʯʨʿʭʨʴʰʹ˂ʬʳʨ",
ʸʵʪʵʸ˂ ʲʬʽʹʰʱʻʸʰ ʬʸʯʬʻʲʰ, ˀʬʰ˃ʲʬʩʨ ʪʨʳʵʭʰʿʬʴʵʯ
ʴʨˆʬʭʨʸʾʳʬʸʯʬʩʰʹ, ʨʴ ʶʨʺʰʭʫʬʩʻʲʰ ʶʰʸʵʭʴʬʩʬʩʰʹ
ʳʰʹʨʳʨʸʯʰʯ. "ʩˈʨʪʨʭʨʫ-ʪʰʺʨˀʰ" ʭˆʭʫʬʩʰʯ "ˀʸʰʳʨʫ

44

Tavi meeqvse – dhiana-ioga

ʩˈʨʪʨʭʨʺʨʳˀʰ" ʪʨʳʵʿʬʴʬʩʻʲ ʹʰʺʿʭʨʹ - ʨʭʨˇʨʴʨʴʺʹ: ʨʭʨˇʨʴʨʴʺʰ
ʳʨʳ ʳʻʫˈʨˈ - "ʳˆʵʲʵʫ ʻʳʬ˂ʨʸʴʰ ʫʨ ʨʸʨʳʮʨʫʬʩʰ ʻʨʸʿʵʼʬʴ
ʻʮʬʴʨʬʹ ʾʳʸʯʨʬʩʸʰʭ ʶʰʸʵʭʴʬʩʨʹ, ʻʼʨʲ ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ". ʹ˄ʵʸʬʫ
ʩʸʰʿʭʴʰ, ʸʵʳʬʲʯʨ˂ ʻʼʲʰʹ ʳʹʨˆʻʸʬʩʰʹ ʹʻʸʭʰʲʰ ʨʸʨ ʨʽʭʯ,
ʩʬʫʨʭʬʴ "ʩˈʨʪʨʭʨʫ-ʪʰʺʨʹ" ʪʨʴˆʰʲʭʨʹ ʫʨ ʱʵʳʬʴʺʰʸʬʩʨʹ. ʸʨ
ʪʨʹʨʱʭʰʸʰʨ, ʸʵʳ ʳʨʯ ʹ˄ʵʸʨʫ ʨʸ ʬʹʳʵʫʬʯ ʪʨʴʹˆʭʨʭʬʩʨ ʹʰʺʿʭʬʩʹ "ʩˈʨˇʨʴʺʰʹʨ" ʫʨ "ʯʨʿʭʨʴʰʹ˂ʬʳʨʹ" ˀʵʸʰʹ.
ʰʵʪʨʯʨ ʳ˄ʭʬʸʭʨʲʰ ʩˈʨʱʺʰ-ʰʵʪʨʨ, ʿʭʬʲʨ ʫʨʴʨʸˁʬʴʰ ʩˈʨʱʺʰʹ
ʳʰʾ˄ʬʭʰʹ ʹʨˀʻʨʲʬʩʨʨ ʳˆʵʲʵʫ, ʳʰʹʱʬʴ ʨʾʳʨʭʨʲʰ ʹʨʼʬˆʻʸʬʩʰʹ
˄ʿʬʩʨʨ. ʹʨʱʻʯʨʸʰ ʯʨʭʰʹ ˀʬʹʨ˂ʴʵʩʨʫ ʱʨʸʳʨ-ʰʵʪʨʫʨʴ ʩˈʨʱʺʰʰʵʪʨʳʫʬ ʪʸ˃ʬʲʰ ʪʮʨ ˃ʬʭʹ.
ʱʨʸʳʰʻʲʰ ʹʨʽʳʰʨʴʵʩʰʹ ˀʬʫʬʪʬʩʮʬ ʼʰʽʸʹ ʳʵʱʲʬʩʻʲʰ ʱʨʸʳʨʰʵʪʨ ʨʳ ʪʮʰʹ ʫʨʹʨ˄ʿʰʹʰʨ, ˀʬʳʫʪʵʳ ʹʨʼʬˆʻʸʮʬ ʳʨʹ ʪʨʴʫʬʪʰʲʵʩʨ
ʬʳʨʺʬʩʨ ʫʨ ˇʴʨʴʨ-ʰʵʪʨ ˈʽʭʰʨ. ʸʵʫʬʹʨ˂ ʹˆʭʨʫʨʹˆʭʨ ˄ʬʹʬʩʰʹ
ˀʬʹʸʻʲʬʩʰʹ ˀʬʳʫʬʪ ʻʮʬʴʨʬʹʰ ʾʳʸʯʨʬʩʸʰʭʰ ʶʰʸʵʭʴʬʩʰʹʨʱʬʴ
ʳʰʰʳʨʸʯʬʩʨ - ʨʰ, ʬʹ ʨʸʰʹ ʩˈʨʱʺʰ-ʰʵʪʨ ʨʴʻ ʰʵʪʨʯʨ ʳ˄ʭʬʸʭʨʲʰ.
ʩˈʨʱʺʰ-ʰʵʪʨ ʹʻʲʰʬʸʰ ʹʸʻʲʿʵʼʰʹ ʹʨʩʵʲʵʵ ʳʰʮʨʴʰʨ. ʳʰʹ
ʫʨ˄ʭʸʰʲʬʩʰʯ ˀʬʹʨʹ˄ʨʭʲʨʫ ʫʨʴʨʸˁʬʴ ʰʵʪʨʯʨ ˂ʵʫʴʨʨ ʹʨ˅ʰʸʵ.
ʰʵʪʯʨʪʨʴ ʮʵʪʰ ʳʰʾ˄ʬʻʲʰʯ ʨʸ ʱʳʨʿʵʼʰʲʫʬʩʨ, ʳʨʸʨʫ ˄ʰʴ
ʳʰʰ˄ʬʭʹ ˅ʬˀʳʨʸʰʺ ʩʬʫʴʰʬʸʬʩʨʹʯʨʴ ˀʬʹʨʿʸʬʲʨʫ; ʮʵʪʰ˂
ʪʨʸʱʭʬʻʲ ʫʵʴʬʮʬ ˁʬʸʫʬʩʨ ʫʨ ˄ʰʴʹʭʲʨʹ ʨʾʨʸ ʨʪʸ˃ʲʬʩʬʹ. ʻʴʫʨ
ʪʭʬʹʳʵʫʬʹ, ʸʵʳ ʯʻ ʶʰʸʵʭʴʬʩʨ ʰʳʫʬʴʨʫ ʰʾʩʲʰʨʴʰ ʪʨʳʵʫʪʨ,
ʸʵʳ ʩˈʨʱʺʰ-ʰʵʪʨʹ ʫʵʴʬʹ ʳʰʨʾ˄ʰʨ, ʿʭʬʲʨ ʫʨʴʨʸˁʬʴʰ ʰʵʪʨ
ʯʨʭʰʹʯʨʭʨʫ ʪʨʫʨʲʨˆʻʲʰ ʨʾʳʵˁʴʫʬʩʨ. ˈʰʳʨʲʨʰʹ ʳʯʬʩʮʬ
ʹʨʻʩʸʰʹʨʹʨ˂ ˆʵʳ ʬʭʬʸʬʹʺʨʳʫʬ ʳʵʰʨʮʸʬʩʨ ʿʭʬʲʨ ʳ˄ʭʬʸʭʨʲʰʹ
ʹʰʳʨʾʲʬ.
ʻʫʰʫʬʹʰ ʴʬʺʨʸʬʩʨ ˁʨʻʫʪʬʩʨ ʪʻʲˀʰ ʨʫʨʳʰʨʴʹ, ʸʵ˂ʨ ʭʬʫʻʸʰ
ʳʰʯʰʯʬʩʬʩʰʹ ʹʨʼʻ˃ʭʬʲʮʬ ʩˈʨʱʺʰ-ʰʵʪʨʹ ʫʨʬʻʼʲʬʩʨ ʫʨ
ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ ˂ʴʵʩʰʬʸʬʩʰʹʨʱʬʴ ʨʾʳʨʹʭʲʨʹ ˀʬʻʫʪʬʩʨ. ʰʫʬʨʲʻʸ ʰʵʪʹ
ʳʯʬʲʰ ʯʨʭʰʹʰ ʪʻʲʰʹʿʻʸʰ ʳʰʽ˂ʬʻʲʰ ʨʽʭʹ ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹʨʱʬʴ,
ʸʵʳʬʲʹʨ˂ ˀʰʨʳʨʹʻʴʫʨʸʨʹʨ˂ ʻ˄ʵʫʬʩʬʴ.
ʰʪʰ ʲʬʪʨ ʾʸʻʩʲʰʹ ʼʬʸʰʨ, ʲʵʺʵʹʰʹ ʫʨʸʰ ʹʨˆʬ ʳʮʬʹʨʭʰʯ
ˀʻʽʳʼʰʴʨʸʰʨ, ʹʨʳʵʹʰ ˃ʭʰʸʼʨʹʰ ʽʭʬʩʰʯʨ ʨʽʭʹ ʳʵʵ˅ʭʰʲʰ,
ʹˆʬʻʲʰ ʱʰ ʿʭʨʭʰʲ˄ʴʻʲʬʩʰʯ. ʳʯʬʲʰ ʳʰʹʰ ʹʨˆʰʬʸʬʩʨ

45

Tavi meeqvse – dhiana-ioga

ʯʭʨʲʰʹʳʵʳ˅ʸʬʲ ʩʸ˄ʿʰʴʭʨʲʬʩʨʹ ʨʼʸʽʭʬʭʹ, ʸʨʹʨ˂ ʩʸʨˈʳʨˇʰʵʺʰ
ˈʽʭʰʨ.
ʰʪʰ ʹʨʳʿʨʸʵʹ ʬʭʲʰʴʬʩʨ ʹˆʭʨʫʨʹˆʭʨ ʹʨˆʰʯ: ʸʨʳʨ, ʴʸʰʹʰʳˈʨ,
ʭʨʸʨˈʨ ʫʨ ʱʸʰˀʴʨ. ʫʬʫʨʳʰ˄ʨʮʬ ʬˀʭʬʩʨ ʨʫʨʳʰʨʴʰʹ ʹʨˆʰʯ, ʸʵʪʵʸ˂
ʫʬʫʨ ʰʨˀʵʫʨʹ ˀʭʰʲʰ. ʳʰʹʰ ʹʨˆʬʲʬʩʰʨ ʱʸʰˀʴʨ, ʪʵʭʰʴʫʨ,
ʭʨʹʻʫʬʭʨ. ʨʸʰʹ ʹʸʻʲʿʵʼʰʲʰ ʩʨʭˀʭʰ, ʳʬʻʾʲʬ, ʳʬʪʵʩʨʸʰ ʫʨ
ʩʨʺʵʴʰ - ʿʵʭʬʲʳˆʸʰʭʰ ʹʰʫʰʨʫʰʯʨ ʫʨ ʺʸʨʴʹ˂ʬʴʫʬʴʺʻʸʰ
ʯʭʰʹʬʩʬʩʰʯ ʨʾʹʨʭʹʬ.
ʯʻ ʨʫʨʳʰʨʴʳʨ ʩʵʲʵʳʫʬ ˀʬʰ˂ʴʵ ʻʼʲʰʹ ʬʹ ʯʭʰʹʬʩʬʩʰ ʫʨ
ʪʨʳʵʭʲʰʴʬʩʨʴʰ, ʰʹ ʻʱʭʬ ʹʸʻʲʽʳʴʰʲʰ ʰʵʪʰʨ.
ʳʯʬʲʰ ʭʬʫʻʸʰ ˄ʬʸʰʲʬʩʰʹ ʯʨʴʨˆʳʨʫ, ʨʳ ʻʳʨʾʲʬʹʰ
ʹʸʻʲʿʵʼʰʹ ʳʰʾ˄ʬʭʨ ʳˆʵʲʵʫ ʩˈʨʱʺʰ-ʰʵʪʨʹ ʪʮʰʯ ʨʸʰʹ
ˀʬʹʨ˃ʲʬʩʬʲʰ:
"ʭʬʫʻʸʰ ˂ʵʫʴʰʹ ʳʯʬʲʰ ʳʨʫʲʰ ʳˆʵʲʵʫ ʰʳ ʫʰʨʫ
ʹʻʲʯʨʯʭʰʹ ˆʫʬʩʨ ʹʨ˂ʴʨʻʸʰ, ʭʰʹʨ˂ ʻʼʲʰʹʨ ʫʨ ʹʻʲʰʬʸʰ
ʳʵ˃ʾʭʸʰʹ ʬ˅ʭˀʬʻʭʨʲʨʫ ʹ˄ʨʳʹ" ("ˀʭʬʺʨˀʭʨʺʨʸʨ ʻʶʨʴʰˀʨʫʰ" 6.23).
"ʩˈʨʱʺʰ ʳʨʺʬʸʰʨʲʻʸʰ ʪʨʳʵʸˁʬʴʰʹ ʹʻʸʭʰʲʰʹʨʪʨʴ
ʯʨʭʰʹʻʼʨʲ ʻʼʲʰʹ ʬʸʯʪʻʲ ʹʨʳʹʨˆʻʸʹ ʴʰˀʴʨʭʹ. ʬʹ ʹʨʳʹʨˆʻʸʰ
ʨʳ ʹʰ˂ʵ˂ˆʲʰʫʨʴ ʳʵʳʫʬʭʴʵ ʹʰ˂ʵ˂ˆʲʬˀʰ ʪʸ˃ʬʲʫʬʩʨ.
ʯʨʭʰʹʻʼʨʲʰ ʨʫʨʳʰʨʴʰʹ ˅ʱʻʨ-ʪʵʴʬʩʨ ʳʯʲʰʨʴʨʫ ʻʮʬʴʨʬʹʰʯ
ʨʸʰʹ ʳʵ˂ʻʲʰ. ʬʹ ʨʸʰʹ ʴʨʰˀʱʨʸʳʰʨʹ ʳʰʮʨʴʰ" ("ʪʵʶʨʲʨ-ʺʨʶʨʴʰ
ʻʶʨʴʰˀʨʫʰ" 1.15).
ʨʰ, ʪʰˁʭʬʴʬʯ ʸʨʳʵʫʬʴʰ ʪʮʨ ʩˈʨʱʺʰ-ʰʵʪʨʹ ˀʬʹʸʻʲʬʩʰʹʨ
ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ ˂ʴʵʩʰʬʸʬʩʨʳʫʬ ʳʰʹʨʹʭʲʬʲʨʫ. ʰʪʰ ʰʵʪʨʹ ʹʰʹʺʬʳʰʹ
ʻʳʨʾʲʬʹʰ ʫʨ ʹʸʻʲʿʵʼʰʲʰ ʹʨʼʬˆʻʸʰ ʪʨˆʲʨʭʯ.
ʨʳʰʯ ʳʯʨʭʸʫʬʩʨ ʩˈʨʱʺʰʭʬʫʨʴʺʨʹ ʱʵʳʬʴʺʨʸʬʩʰ "ˀʸʰʳʨʫ
ʩˈʨʪʨʭʨʫ-ʪʰʺʨʹ" ʳʬʬʽʭʹʬ ʯʨʭʮʬ, ʸʵʳʬʲʰ˂ ʫˈʰʨʴʨ-ʰʵʪʨʹ ʬˆʬʩʨ.

46

ʯʨʭʰ ʳʬˀʭʰʫʬ
ʻʮʬʴʨʬʹʰʹ ˀʬ˂ʴʵʩʨ (ʨʩʹʵʲʻʺʰʹ ˂ʵʫʴʨ)
ʲʬʽʹʰ 1
ʻʮʬʴʨʬʹʳʨ ʾʳʸʯʨʬʩʸʰʭʳʨ ʶʰʸʵʭʴʬʩʨʳ ʩʸ˃ʨʴʨ: ʳʬ ʳʰʹʳʰʴʬ, ʵ, ʶʨʸʯˈʨʹ ˃ʬʵ, ˀʬʪʨʪʵʴʬʩ,
ʯʻ ʰʵʪʨʹ ˄ʭʸʯʴʰʯ, ˁʬʳʰ ʹʸʻʲʰ ˂ʴʵʩʰʬʸʬʩʰʯ, ˁʬʳʮʬ ʳʰˇʨ˅ʭʻʲʰ ˅ʱʻʰʯ,
ʰ˅ʭʴʬʻʲʵʩʨʫʨʯʸʪʻʴʻʲʰ ʸʵʪʵʸ ˀʬ˃ʲʬʩ ˁʬʳʹ ˀʬ˂ʴʵʩʨʹ.
ˀʰʴʨ-ʨʸʹʰ. "ʩˈʨʪʨʭʨʫ-ʪʰʺʨʹ" ʳʬˀʭʰʫʬ ʯʨʭˀʰ ʴʨʯʲʨʫ ʨʸʰʹ ʫʨˆʨʹʰʨʯʬʩʻʲʰ ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ
˂ʴʵʩʰʬʸʬʩʰʹ ʩʻʴʬʩʨ. ʱʸʰˀʴʨ ʹʨʳʿʨʸʵʹ ʳʰʬʸ ʹʰʫʰʨʫʬʯʨ ʹʸʻʲʨʫ ʳʶʿʸʵʩʬʲʰʨ ʫʨ ʨʽ
ʳʵʯˆʸʵʩʰʲʰʨ, ʯʻ ʸʵʪʵʸʰʨ ʨʳ ʫʰʫʬʩʻʲʬʩʨʯʨ ʪʨʳʵʭʲʰʴʬʩʨ. ʨʾ˄ʬʸʰʲʰʨ ʨʪʸʬʯʭʬ
ʵʯˆʰ ˆʨʹʰʨʯʰʹ ʩʬʫʹʸʻʲʰ ʨʫʨʳʰʨʴʰ, ʸʵʳʬʲʯʨ˂ ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹʯʨʴ ʪʨʴʻˀʵʸʬʩʲʵʩʰʹ
ʹʻʸʭʰʲʰ ʨʹʻʲʫʪʳʻʲʬʩʯ,ʵ ʫʨ ʵʯˆʴʨʰʸʰ ʻʰʾʩʲʵʴʰ, ʸʵʳʬʲʴʰ˂ ʻʼʨʲʹ ʨʸ
ʨʾʰʨʸʬʩʬʴ.
"ʩˈʨʪʨʭʨʫ-ʪʰʺʨʹ" ʶʰʸʭʬʲ ʬʽʭʹ ʯʨʭˀʰ ˂ʵ˂ˆʨʲʰ ʨʸʹʬʩʨ ˄ʨʸʳʵʫʪʬʴʰʲʰ ʰʿʵ, ʸʵʪʵʸ˂
ʨʸʨʳʨʺʬʸʰʨʲʻʸʰ, ʺʸʨʴʹ˂ʬʴʫʬʴʺʻʸʰ ʹʻʲʰ, ʸʵʳʬʲʹʨ˂ ʹˆʭʨʨʫʹˆʭʨ ʹʨˆʰʹ ʰʵʪʨʹ
ʹʨˀʻʨʲʬʩʰʯ ʯʭʰʯˀʬ˂ʴʵʩʨʳʫʬ ʨʳʨʾʲʬʩʰʹ ʻʴʨʸʰ ˀʬʹ˄ʬʭʯ. ʳʬʬʽʭʹʬ ʯʨʭʰʹ ʫʨʹʨʹʸʻʲʹ
ʪʨʸʱʭʬʭʰʯ ʰʿʵ ʴʨʯʽʭʨʳʰ, ʸʵʳ ˅ʱʻʰʹ ʱʵʴ˂ʬʴʺʸʨ˂ʰʨ ʱʸʰˀʴʨʮʬ, ʨʴʻ ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ
˂ʴʵʩʰʬʸʬʩʨ ʻʳʨʾʲʬʹʰ ʰʵʪʨʨ, ʸʵʳʲʰʹ ˃ʨʲʰʯʨ˂ ˀʬʹʨ˃ʲʬʩʬʲʰʨ ʨʩʹʵʲʻʺʻʸʰ
˅ʬˀʳʨʸʰʺʬʩʰʹ ʹʸʻʲʰ ˀʬ˂ʴʵʩʨ. ʸʨʰʳʬ ʹˆʭʨ ʪʮʰʯ ʨʳʰʹ ʳʰʾ˄ʬʭʨ ʪʨʳʵʸʰ˂ˆʻʲʰʨ.
ʻʶʰʸʵʭʴʵ ʩʸʨˈʳʨˇʰʵʺʰʹʨ ʫʨ ˂ʵ˂ˆʨʲʰ ʨʸʹʬʩʰʹ ʪʻʲˀʰ ʫʨʭʨʴʬʩʻʲʰ ʶʨʸʨʳʨʺʳʨʹ
ˀʬ˂ʴʵʩʨ ˇʬʸ ʱʰʫʬʭ ʨʸʨʹʲʻʸʰ, ʴʨ˄ʰʲʵʩʸʰʭʰ ˂ʵʫʴʨʨ ʨʩʹʵʲʻʺʻʸʰ ˅ʬˀʳʨʸʰʺʬʩʰʹʨ,
ʹʸʻʲʰ ʹʰʩʸ˃ʴʬ ʯʨʭʨʫ ʱʸʰˀʴʨʨ ʫʨ ʳʰʹ ˂ʴʵʩʰʬʸʬʩʨʹ ʮʰʨʸʬʩʻʲʰ ʶʰʸʵʭʴʬʩʰʹʨʯʭʰʹ
ʿʭʬʲʨʼʬʸʰ ʴʨʯʬʲʰʨ. ʳʨʹ ʻʱʭʬ ʪʨʴʳʺʱʰ˂ʬʩʻʲʰ ʨʽʭʹ ʸ˄ʳʬʴʨ, ʸʵʳ ʻʮʬʴʨʬʹʰ ʻʼʨʲʰ
ʨʸʰʹ ʬ˅ʭˀʬʻʭʨʲʰ, ʳʿʨʸʰ ʫʨ ʹʨʳʨʸʨʫʷʨʳʵ ʹʰʩʸ˃ʴʬ ʫʨ ʿʵʪʨʹ ʹˆʭʨʫʨʹˆʭʨ ʹʨˆʬʬʩʰ
ʳˆʵʲʵʫ ʹʨʼʬˆʻʸʬʩʰʨ ʨʳ ʹʰʩʸ˃ʴʬʳʫʬ ʨʹʨʳʨʾʲʬʩʲʨʫ.
ʭʰʴ˂ ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ ˂ʴʵʩʰʬʸʬʩʨʹ ʻˀʻʨʲʵʫ ʳʰʬʴʫʵʩʨ, ʳʨʴ ʻʱʭʬ ʹʸʻʲʰʨʫ ʰ˂ʰʹ
ʩʸʨˈʳʨˇʰʵʺʰ˂ ʫʨ ʶʨʸʨʳʨʺʳʨ˂. ʨʳ ˂ʴʵʩʰʬʸʬʩʨʮʬ ʫʨʼʻ˃ʴʬʩʻʲʰ ʰʵʪʨʹ ʶʸʨʽʺʰʱʰʯ
ʨʫʨʳʰʨʴʰ ʹʸʻʲʰʨʫ ˁʨʹ˄ʭʫʬʩʨ ʿʭʬʲʨʼʬʸʹ _ ʨʩʹʵʲʻʺʻʸ ˅ʬˀʳʨʸʰʺʬʩʨʹ, ˂ʵ˂ˆʨʲʰ
ʨʸʹʬʩʬʩʰʹ ʩʻʴʬʩʨʹ, ʳʨʺʬʸʰʨʲʻʸ ʿʵʼʨʹ ʫʨ ʳʨʯʹ ʿʵʭʬʲ ʪʨʳʵʭʲʰʴʬʩʨʹ.
ʰʵʪʨʹ ˀʬʹʸʻʲʬʩʰʹ ʪʮʬʩʮʬ ʳʬʬʽʭʹʬ ʯʨʭʰʹ ʩʵʲʵ ʲʬʽʹˀʰʨ ʳʰʯʰʯʬʩʻʲʰ ʻʮʬʴʨʬʹ
ʻʼʨʲʮʬ ˂ʴʵʩʰʬʸʬʩʰʹ ʱʵʴ˂ʬʴʺʸʨ˂ʰʨ ˂ˆʸʨ ʪʨʴʹˆʭʨʭʬʩʻʲʰ ʬʸʯʪʻʲʰ ʹʨʳʹʨˆʻʸʰʹ
ˆʫʬʩʨ ˀʬʹʨ˃ʲʬʩʬʲʰ, ʸʵʳʬʲʯʨʪʨʴ ʻʶʰʸʭʬʲʬʹʰ ʫʨ ʻʳʴʰˀʭʴʬʲʵʭʨʴʬʹʰ ʨʸʰʹ ˀʸʨʭʨʴʨʳ.
ʻʼʨʲʰ ʱʸʰˀʴʨ ʬʻʩʴʬʩʨ ʨʸˇʻʴʨʹ _ ʺʨˁ ˁˈʨʴʻ _ "ʳʬ ʳʰʹʳʰʴʬ!"
ʨʸʨʭʰʴʨʨ ʻʼʨʲʮʬ ʨʾʳʨʺʬʩʻʲʰ ʨʭʺʵʸʰʺʬʺʰ, ʨʳʰʺʵʳ ʳʰʹʰ ʸˁʬʭʰʹ ʳʵʹʳʬʴʨ ʳʰʹʰʭʬ
ˀʬ˂ʴʵʩʰʹ ʻʺʿʻʨʸʰ ʹʨˀʻʨʲʬʩʨʨ. ʨʫʨʳʰʨʴʳʨ ʿʭʬʲʨʼʬʸʰ ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹʨʪʨʴ ʨʴ ʳʰʹʰ ˄ʳʰʴʫʨ
ʬʸʯʪʻʲʰʹʨʪʨʴ ʻʴʫʨ ʰʹ˄ʨʭʲʵʹ ʫʨ ʨʸʨ ʸ˄ʳʬʴʨʫʨˀʸʬʺʰʲʰ ʯʭʰʯʳʨʸʽʭʰʨʹʨʪʨʴ,
ʸʵʳʬʲʰ˂ ʪʨʿʵʿʵˁʬʩʻʲʨ ʯʨʭʰʹʰ ʭʰʯʵʳ ʨʱʨʫʬʳʰʻʸʰ ʪʨʴʨʯʲʬʩʰʯ.
"ˀʸʰʳʨʫ-ʩˈʨʪʨʭʨʺʨʳˀʰ" ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ, ʻʮʬʴʨʬʹʰ ʶʰʸʵʭʴʬʩʰʹ, ʨʩʹʵʲʻʺʻʸʰ ˅ʬˀʳʨʸʰʺʬʩʰʹ
ˀʬ˂ʴʵʩʰʹ ʬʹ ʪˆʨ ʶʰʸʵʭʬʲʰ ʹʰʳʾʬʸʰʹ ʳʬʵʸʬ ʯʨʭˀʰ ʨʹʬʨ ʨʾ˄ʬʸʰʲʰ:

1

Tavi meSvide _ uzenaesis Secnoba

"ʳʵʹʳʬʴʨ ʰʳʰʹʨ, ʸʨʹʨ˂ ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ ˀʬʹʨˆʬʩ ʭʬʫʻʸʰ ˄ʬʸʰʲʬʩʰ ʨʴ ʻˀʻʨʲʵʫ
"ʩˈʨʪʨʭʨʫ-ʪʰʺʨ" ʪʨʫʳʵʪʭ˂ʬʳʬʴ, ʯʨʭʰʹʯʨʭʨʫ ˄ʳʰʴʫʨ ʹʨʽʳʰʨʴʵʩʨʨ. ʭʰʴ˂ ʳʻʫʨʳ
ʪʻʲʰʹʿʻʸʰʯ ʰʹʳʬʴʹ ʻʼʲʰʹ ʨʳʩʨʭʹ, ʿʭʬʲʨʹ ʪʻʲˀʰ ʫʨʳʱʭʰʫʸʬʩʻʲʰ ʶʨʸʨʳʨʺʳʨ ʳʨʹ
ʱʬʯʰʲʰ ʳʬʪʵʩʨʸʰʭʰʯ ʬʽ˂ʬʭʨ ʫʨ ʪʨʴʨʹʶʬʺʨʱʬʩʹ. ʨʳʸʰʪʨʫ, ʬʸʯʪʻʲʹ ʯʨʭʰʹʯʨʭʨʫ
ʻʭʰʯʨʸʫʬʩʨ ʳʨʹˀʰʭʬ ʳʯʭʲʬʳʨʸʬ ʺʸʨʴʹ˂ʬʴʫʬʴʺʻʸʰ ˂ʵʫʴʨ. ʸʨ˂ ʳʬʺʹ ʫʨ ʳʬʺʹ ʰʹʳʬʴʹ
ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ ˀʬʹʨˆʬʩʹ ʳʵʴʨʯˆʸʵʩʹ "ʩˈʨʪʨʭʨʺʨʳʰʫʨʴ" ʫʨ ʶʰʸʨʫʨʫ ʻʼʲʰʹ ʬʸʯʪʻʲ ʩʸ˃ʬʴʳʵ˃ʾʭʨʸʯʨʪʨʴ, ʶʰʸʵʭʴʬʩʨ ʳʰʯ ʻʼʸʵ ʳʺʱʰ˂ʫʬʩʨ ʻʮʬʴʨʬʹʰʹ ʻʨʴʪʨʸʵ ʹʨʳʹʨˆʻʸˀʰ.
ʳʰ˄ʰʬʸʰ ʭʴʬʩʬʩʰ ʫʨ ʨʴʪʨʸʯʳʵʿʭʨʸʬʵʩʨ ʯʨʴʫʨʯʨʴ ˁʨ˂ˆʸʬʩʨ ʳʰʹ ʪʻʲˀʰ ʫʨ ˆʵʸ˂ʰʬʲʰ
ʺʿʭʬʵʩʰʹʨʪʨʴ, ʻʳʬ˂ʸʬʩʰʹ ʩʴʬʲʬʩʰʹʨʪʨʴ ʯʨʭʰʹʻʼʲʫʬʩʨ. ʪʨʴʰˀʵʸʬʩʹ ʸʨ ʨʳ
ʻ˄ʳʰʴʫʻʸʬʩʨʹ, ʹʨʯʴʵʬʩʰʹʨ ʫʨ ʸ˄ʳʬʴʰʹ ʱʨʲʯʨʹ ˀʬʬʼʨʸʬʩʨ, ʬʸʯʪʻʲʰ ʹʨʳʹʨˆ˂ʻʸʰʯ
ʼʸʯʨˀʬʹˆʳʻʲʰ ʩʵʲʵʳʫʬ ˁʨʹ˄ʭʫʬʩʨ ʾʭʯʰʻʸ ʹʰʩʸ˃ʴʬʹ.
ʨʳʸʰʪʨʫ, ʩˈʨʱʺʰ-ʿʵʪʨ ʪʨʴʱʭʬʯʹ ʳʨʺʬʸʰʨʲʻʸʰ ʳʰˇʨ˅ʭʻʲʵʩʰʹ ʳʺʱʰ˂ʬ ʱʭʨʴ˃ʬʩʹ ʫʨ
˂ʵ˂ˆʨʲʰ ʨʸʹʬʩʨ ʻʳʨʲ ʨˈʿʨʭʹ ʨʹʨʳˀʨʿʨʳ ʹʨʳʨʪʸʨʳʰʹ ʹʨʼʬˆʻʸʮʬ _ ʻʮʬʴʨʬʹʰ
ʨʩʹʵʲʻʺʻʸʰ ˅ʬˀʳʨʸʰʺʬʩʰʹ, ʾʳʸʯʨʬʩʸʰʭʰ ʶʰʸʵʭʴʬʩʰʹ ˀʬ˂ʴʵʩʨʳʫʬ" (ʩˈʨʪ. 12:17-21).
ʨʳʰʺʵʳ ʳˆʵʲʵʫ ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹʨʪʨʴ ʨʴ ʳʰʹ ˂ʴʵʩʰʬʸʬʩʨʹ ʮʰʨʸʬʩʻʲʰ ʬʸʯʪʻʲʰʹʨʪʨʴ
ʳʵʹʳʬʴʰʯ ˀʬʰ˃ʲʬʩʨ ʻʼʲʰʹ ʹʰʩʸ˃ʴʰʹ ʪʨʪʬʩʨ.
ʲʬʽʹʰ 2
ʨˆʲʨ ʳʬ ʳʯʬʲʰ ʹʰʹʸʻʲʰʯ ʪʨʫʳʵʪ˂ʬʳ ʨʳ ʾʭʯʰʻʸ ʹʰʩʸ˃ʴʬʹ, ʸʵʪʵʸ˂ ʳʵʭʲʬʴʨʹ _
ʺʵʲʫʨʻʫʬʩʬʲʹʨ ʫʨ ʬʸʯʨʫʬʸʯʹ. ˀʬʰ˂ʴʵʩ ʳʨʹ ʫʨ ʨʸʨʼʬʸʰ ʫʨʪʸˁʬʩʨ ˀʬʹʨ˂ʴʵʩʰ.
ˀʰʴʨ-ʨʸʹʰ: ʹʸʻʲʰ ʹʰʩʸ˃ʴʬ ʳʵʰ˂ʨʭʹ ˂ʵʫʴʨʹ ʳʨʺʬʸʰʨʲʻʸ ʹʨʳʿʨʸʵʮʬ, ʳʰʹ ʳʰʾʳʨ
ʨʸʹʬʩʻʲ ʹʻʲʮʬ ʫʨ ʵʸʰʭʬ ʳʨʯʪʨʴʰʹ ʫʨʹʨʩʨʳʮʬ. ʬʹ ʨʸʰʹ ʺʸʨʴʹ˂ʬʴʫʬʴʺʻʸʰ ˂ʵʫʴʨ.
ʻʼʨʲʹ ʴʬʩʨʭʹ, ʪʨʴʻʳʨʸʺʵʹ ˂ʵʫʴʰʹ ʬʹ ʹʰʹʺʬʳʨ ʨʸˇʻʴʨʹ, ʸʵʪʵʸ˂ ʻʨˆʲʵʬʹ
ʬʸʯʪʻʲʹʨ ʫʨ ʳʬʪʵʩʨʸʹ. ʳʬʵʯˆʬ ʯʨʭʰʹ ʫʨʹʨ˄ʿʰʹˀʰ ʰʹʨʻʩʸʨ ʱʸʰˀʴʨʳ ʨʳʨʮʬ ʫʨ ʨʽʨ˂
ʨʳʨʹ ʨʫʨʹʺʻʸʬʩʹ: ʹʸʻʲʰ ʹʰʩʸ˃ʴʰʹ ʪʨʪʬʩʨ ˀʬʻ˃ʲʬʩʬʲʰʨ ʳˆʵʲʵʫ ʻʮʬʴʨʬʹʰʹ
ʬʸʯʪʻʲʹ, ʸʵʳʬʲʰ˂ ʻˀʻʨʲʵʫ ʻʼʲʰʹʪʨʴ ʳʵʳʨʭʨʲ ʳʵ˄ʨʼʬʵʩʸʰʭ ʯʨʴʳʰʳʫʬʭʸʵʩʨʹ
ʳʰʬʱʻʯʭʴʬʩʨ. ʨʫʨʳʰʨʴʰ ʳˆʵʲʵʫ ʪʨˆʹʴʰʲʰ ʪʵʴʬʩʰʯ ʳʰˆʭʫʬʩʨ, ʭʰʴ ʨʸʰʹ ʱʵʹʳʰʻʸʰ
˂ʵʫʴʰʹ ˄ʿʨʸʵ, ʿʵʭʬʲ ʳʰʮʬʮʯʨ ʳʰʮʬʮʰ ʫʨ ʴʬʩʰʹʳʰʬʸʰ ʹʨˆʰʹ ʿʵʪʨʹ ʳʬʫʰʺʨ˂ʰʰʹ
ʬʸʯʨʫʬʸʯʰ ʳʰʮʨʴʰ.
ʸʵ˂ʨ ˂ʴʵʩʰʲʰʨ ʿʵʭʬʲ ʳʰʮʬʮʯʨ ʳʰʮʬʮʰ, ʿʵʭʬʲʰʭʬ ˀʬʹʨ˂ʴʵʩʰ˂ ʫʨ ˀʬʰ˂ʴʵʩʨ
ʭʬʫʬʩˀʰ (ʳʻʴʫʨʱʨ ʻʶʨʴʰˀʨʫʰ 1.3) ʴʨʯʽʭʨʳʰʨ...
ʲʬʽʹʰ 3
ʨʯʨʹʬʻʲʯʨʪʨʴ ʬʸʯʰ ˀʬʰ˃ʲʬʩʨ ʬʹ˄ʸʨʼʵʫʬʹ ʹʸʻʲʽʳʴʨʹ ʫʨ ʰʳʨʯʪʨʴʨ˂, ʭʰʴ˂
ʹʸʻʲʽʳʴʨʹ ʳʰʨʾ˄ʰʨ, ʬʸʯʰ˂ ˃ʲʰʭʹ ʰʶʵʭʬʩʨ, ʭʰʴ˂ ʳʬ ˅ʬˀʳʨʸʰʺʨʫ ˀʬʳʰ˂ʴʵ.
ˀʰʴʨ-ʨʸʹʰ. ʸʨʴʨʰʸʰ ˆʨʲˆʰ ʨʸ ʨʸʹʬʩʵʩʹ ʨʳʽʭʬʿʴʨʫ ʫʨ ʨʯʨʹʯʨʪʨʴ ʳˆʵʲʵʫ ʬʸʯʳʨ
ʳʵʰ˄ʨʫʰʴʵʹ ʹʻʲʰʬʸʰ ˀʬ˂ʴʵʩʨ ʹʨʱʻʯʨʸʰ ʯʨʭʰʹʨ, ʪʨʪʬʩʨ ʰʳʰʹ, ʯʻ ʭʰʴ ʨʸʰʹ ʯʭʰʯʵʴ,
ʸʨ ʨʸʰʹ ʳʰʹʰ ʹˆʬʻʲʰ ʫʨ ʸʨ ʨʸʰʹ ʨʩʹʵʲʻʺʻʸʰ ˅ʬˀʳʨʸʰʺʬʩʨ.

2

Tavi meSvide _ uzenaesis Secnoba

ʸʵʪʵʸ˂ ˄ʬʹʰ, ʱʨ˂ʵʩʸʰʵʩʨ ˂ˆʵʭʬʲʻʸʰ ʳʰʫʸʬʱʰʲʬʩʬʩʰʹ: ˅ʨʳʰʹ, ˃ʰʲʰʹ, ʯʨʭʫʨ˂ʭʰʹʨ
ʫʨ ʪʨʳʸʨʭʲʬʩʰʹ ʨʾʹʸʻʲʬʩʰʯ ʨʸʰʹ ʫʨʱʨʭʬʩʻʲʰ, ʫʨ ʹʻʲʰʬʸʰ ˂ʵʫʴʨ ʨʸʨʭʰʹ
ʨʰʴʺʬʸʬʹʬʩʹ "ʪʰʺʨʹ" ʶʰʸʭʬʲʰ ʬʽʭʹʰ ʯʨʭʰ ʪʨʴʱʻʯʭʴʰʲʰʨ ʳʨʯʯʭʰʹ, ʭʰʴ˂
ʫʨʰʴʺʬʸʬʹʬʩʻʲʰʨ ʺʸʨʴʹ˂ʬʴʫʬʴʺʻʸʰ ʹʰʩʸ˃ʴʰʯ, ʹʨʱʻʯʨʸʰ "ʳʬ"-ʹ ʫʨ, ʻʶʰʸʭʬʲʬʹ
ʿʵʭʲʰʹʨ, ʮʬʹʻʲʰʹ ʪʨʪʬʩʰʯ, ʸʰʹʯʭʰʹʨ˂ ʹʨ˅ʰʸʵʨ ʯʭʰʯʸʬʨʲʰʮʨ˂ʰʨ ˇʴʨʴʨ-ʰʵʪʨʹ,
ʫˈʰʨʴʨ-ʰʵʪʨʹ ʫʨ ʹʨʱʻʯʨʸʰ ʳʬʵʩʰʹ ʳʨʺʬʸʰʰʹʨʪʨʴ ʪʨʳʵʸˁʬʭʰʹ ʹʨˀʻʨʲʬʩʰʯ.
ʳʨʪʸʨʳ ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ ˀʬ˂ʴʵʩʨ ʳˆʵʲʵʫ ʳʰʹʰʭʬ ˂ʴʵʩʰʬʸʬʩʨʹ ʳʰʴʫʵʩʰʲʯ ˀʬʻ˃ʲʰʨʯ,
ʫʨʴʨʸˁʬʴʳʨ ʺʸʨʴʹ˂ʬʴʫʬʴʺʨʲʰʹʺʬʩʳʨ ˀʬʰ˃ʲʬʩʨ ʻʶʰʸʵʭʴʵ ʩʸʨˈʳʨʴʰ ˀʬʰ˂ʴʵʴ,
ʭʰʴʨʰʫʨʴ ʬʹ ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ ˀʬ˂ʴʵʩʨʮʬ ʰʵʲʰʨ. ʱʸʰˀʴʨ ʻʮʬʴʨʬʹʰ ʶʰʸʵʭʴʬʩʨʨ ʫʨ ʨʾʬʳʨʺʬʩʨ
ʩʸʨˈʳʨʹʨ ʫʨ ʶʨʸʨʳʨʺʳʨʹ ˀʬʹʨˆʬʩ ˂ʵʫʴʨʹ. ʰʵʪʬʩʰ ʫʨ ˇʴʨʴʬʩʰ ʰʩʴʬʭʰʨʴ ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ
ˀʬ˂ʴʵʩʰʹ ʳ˂ʫʬʲʵʩʰʹʨʹ. ʯʻʳ˂ʨ ʻʫʰʫʬʹʳʨ ʰʳʶʬʸʹʵʴʨʲʰʹʺʳʨ ˀʸʰʶʨʫʨ ˀʨʴʱʨʸʨˁʨʸʰʨʳ
"ʪʰʺʨʹ" ʱʵʳʬʴʺʨʸʬʩˀʰ ʨʾʰʨʸʨ, ʸʵʳ ʱʸʰˀʴʨ ʻʮʬʴʨʬʹʰ ʾʳʸʯʨʬʩʸʰʭʰ ʶʰʸʵʭʴʬʩʨʨ, ʳʰʹʰ
ʳʰʳʫʬʭʸʬʩʰ ʨʳ ʨʮʸʹ ʨʸ ʰʮʰʨʸʬʩʬʴ. ʨʳʨʹ ʭʬʸ ʨˆʬʸˆʬʩʬʴ, ʸʨʫʪʨʴ ʻʼʲʰʹ ˀʬ˂ʴʵʩʰʹ
ʹʰʸʯʻʲʬʹ ʭʬʸ ʬʸʬʭʰʨʴ, ʻʶʰʸʵʭʴʵ ʩʸʨˈʳʨʴʰʹ ʺʸʨʴʹ˂ʬʴʫʬʴʺʻʸʰ ʸʬʨʲʰʮʨ˂ʰʰʹ
ˀʬʳʯˆʭʬʭʨˀʰ˂ ʱʰ.
ʱʸʰˀʴʨ _ ʻʮʬʴʨʬʹʰ ʶʰʸʵʭʴʬʩʨ, ʿʵʭʬʲʯʨ ʳʰʮʬʮʯʨ ʳʰʮʬʮʰ, ʯʨʭʫʨʶʰʸʭʬʲʰ ʻʼʨʲʰ
ʪʵʭʰʴʫʨʨ. ʨʸʨʬʸʯʪʻʲʬʩʹ ʨʸ ˈʿʵʼʴʰʯ ʹʻʲʰʬʸʰ ʫʨ ʪʵʴʬʩʸʰʭʰ ˃ʨʲʬʩʰ ʳʰʹ
ˀʬʹʨ˂ʴʵʩʨʫ, ʨʸʨʫʨ ʸʨ ʯʨʳʨʳʨʫ ʨ˂ˆʨʫʬʩʬʴ, ʸʵʳ ʩˈʨʱʺʰʹ, ʨʴʻ ʬʸʯʪʻʲʰ ʹʨʳʹʨˆʻʸʰʹ
ʪʮʨ ʳʬʺʰʹʳʬʺʨʫ ʰʵʲʰʨ. ʯʻ ʬʹ ʨʹʬʨ, ʯʭʰʯʵʴ ʸʨʺʵʳ ʨʫʪʨʴʨʴ ʸʯʻʲ ʪʮʨʹ? ʴʨʳʫʭʰʲʰ
ʩˈʨʱʺʰʹ ʪʮʨ ˃ʴʬʲʨʫʹʨʭʨʲʰʨ. ʨʫʭʰʲʰʨ ʩˈʨʱʺʰʹ ˅ʬˀʳʨʸʰʺ ˂ʵʫʴʨʹ ʳʵʱʲʬʩʻʲʰ
ʨʸʨʨʭʺʵʸʰʺʬʺʻʲʰ ʯʭʰʯʳʨʸʽʭʰʬʩʰʹ ʳʰʬʸ ʪʨʳʵʪʵʴʰʲʰ ʩˈʨʱʺʰʹ ʪʮʰʯ ʹʰʨʸʻʲʰ.
ʹ˄ʵʸʬʫ ʨʳ ʩˈʨʱʺʰʹ ˀʬʹʸʻʲʬʩʰʹʨʹ ʪʨʴʰ˂ʫʰʨʴ ʫʨ˂ʬʳʨ-ʫʨʳʫʨʩʲʬʩʨʹ ʭʰʯʵʳ ʹ˄ʨʭʲʻʲʼʰʲʵʹʵʼʵʹʬʩʰ.
ˀʸʰʲʨ ʸʻʶʨ ʪʵʹʭʨʳʰ ʯʨʭʰʹ "ʩˈʨʱʺʰ-ʸʨʹʨʳʸʰʺʨ-ʹʰʴʫˈʻˀʰ" (1.2.101) ˄ʬʸʹ:
"ʻʼʲʰʹ ʹʨʳʹʨˆʻʸʰ, ʸʵʳʬʲˀʰ˂ ʻʪʻʲʬʩʬʲʿʵʼʰʲʰʨ ʰʹʬʯʰ ʨʭʺʵʸʰʺʬʺʻʲʰ ʭʬʫʻʸʰ
˄ʬʸʰʲʬʩʰ, ʸʵʪʵʸʰ˂ʨʨ ʻʶʨʴʰˀʨʫʬʩʰ, ʶʻʸʨʴʬʩʰ ʫʨ ʴʨʸʨʫʨ-ʶʨʴˁʨʸʨʺʸʨ,
ʹʨʮʵʪʨʫʵʬʩʰʹʨʯʭʰʹ ʻʹʨʸʪʬʩʲʵʨ ʫʨ ʳˆʵʲʵʫ ʻʨʮʸʵ ʨʸʬʭʫʨʸʬʭʨʹ ʰ˄ʭʬʭʹ."
ʰʳʶʬʸʹʵʴʨʲʰʹʺʹ, ʸʵʳʬʲʳʨ˂ ʩʸʨˈʳʨʴʰ ˀʬʰ˂ʴʵ, ʨʴ ʰʵʪʹ, ʸʵʳʬʲʰ˂ ˁʨʹ˄ʭʫʨ ʶʨʸʨʳʨʺʳʨʹ,
ʨʸ ˀʬʻ˃ʲʰʨ, ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ _ ʻʮʬʴʨʬʹʰ ʶʰʸʵʭʴʬʩʰʹ _ ʫʬʫʨ ʰʨˀʵʫʨʹ ˀʭʰʲʨʫ, ʨʴ ʨʸˇʻʴʨʹ
ʳʬʬʺʲʬʫ ʪʨʪʬʩʨ. ʮʵʪˇʬʸ ʫʰʨʫʰ ʴʨˆʬʭʨʸʾʳʬʸʯʬʩʰ˂ ʱʰ ʹʨʪʵʴʬʩʬʲˀʰ ˂ʭʰʭʰʨʴ ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ
ʩʻʴʬʩʰʹ ʳʸʨʭʨʲʹʨˆʵʭʴʬʩʰʹ ʪʨʳʵ.
"ˁʬʳʰ ˅ʬˀʳʨʸʰʺʰ ʹʨˆʰʯ ʨʸʨʭʰʴ ʳʰ˂ʴʵʩʹ ʳʬ" _ ʩʸ˃ʨʴʬʩʹ ʻʼʨʲʰ. ʫʨ ʯʻ ʨʸʹʬʩʵʩʹ ʳ˂ʰʸʬ
ʪʨʳʵʴʨʱʲʰʹʰ ʫʨ ʳʨʹ ʭʰʴʳʬ ʰ˂ʴʵʩʹ _ "ʨʹʬʯʰ ʫʰʨʫʰ ʹʻʲʰ ˃ʨʲʮʬ ʰˀʭʰʨʯʰʨ".
ʻʼʲʰʹ ʬʸʯʪʻʲʰ ʹʨʳʹʨˆʻʸʰʹ ʪʮʨʮʬ ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ ˅ʬˀʳʨʸʰʺʨʫ ˀʬ˂ʴʵʩʨ ˀʬʻ˃ʲʬʩʬʲʰʨ,
ʯʭʰʯ ʪʨʳʵˁʰʴʬʩʻʲʰ ʳʬ˂ʴʰʬʸ-ʳʵʨʮʸʵʭʴʰʹʯʭʰʹʨ˂. ʳˆʵʲʵʫ ʬʸʯʪʻʲʯ ˀʬʰ˃ʲʬʩʨ
ʬʾʰʸʹʵʯ ʾʭʯʰʻʸʰ ʱʻʸʯˆʬʭʨ _ ˀʬʰ˂ʴʵʴ ʱʸʰˀʴʨ, ʸʵʪʵʸ ʿʵʭʲʰʹ ʶʰʸʭʬʲʳʰʮʬʮʰ,
ʰʪʨʭʳʰʻ˄ʭʫʵʳʬʲʰ ʯʭʰʹʬʩʬʩʰʹ, ʿʵʭʲʰʹˀʬʳ˃ʲʬʵʩʰʹʨ ʫʨ ʹʰʫʰʨʫʰʹ, ʹʨˆʬʲʵʭʴʬʩʰʹ,
ʳʵʸ˅ʳʻʲʵʩʰʹ, ʹʰʩʸ˃ʴʰʹʨ ʫʨ ʹʰʺʻʸʼʰʹ, ʪʨʴʫʬʪʰʲʵʩʰʹ ʳʼʲʵʩʬʲʰ. ʯʨʭʨʫ ʻʼʨʲʰ
ʬʸʯʪʻʲʯʨ ʳʰʳʨʸʯ ʱʬʯʰʲʪʨʴ˄ʿʵʩʰʯ ʻʨʫʭʰʲʬʩʹ ʨʳʰʹ ʪʨʪʬʩʨʹ.

3

Tavi meSvide _ uzenaesis Secnoba

ʱʸʰˀʴʨ ʨʸʰʹ ʹʨʩʵʲʵʵ ʹʰʺʿʭʨ ʩʸʨˈʳʨʴʰʹ ʹʰʩʸ˃ʴʬˀʰ ʫʨ ʳˆʵʲʵʫ ʪʨʴʹʶʬʺʨʱʬʩʻʲ
ʨʫʨʳʰʨʴʬʩʹ ˀʬʻ˃ʲʰʨʯ ʳʨʹ ˁʨʹ˄ʭʫʴʬʴ. ʴʨʯʽʭʨʳʰʨ:
"ʨʸʨʭʰʹ ˃ʨʲʻ˃ʹ ʻˆʬˀʰ ʳʰ˄ʰʬʸʰ ʪʸ˃ʴʵʩʬʩʰʯ ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ ˅ʬˀʳʨʸʰʺʰ ʹʨˆʰʹ ˀʬ˂ʴʵʩʨ, ʳʨʪʸʨʳ
ʰʪʰ ʯʨʭʰʹʰ ʴʬʩʰʹʨʳʬʩʸ ʬʭʲʰʴʬʩʨ ʬʸʯʪʻʲ ʳʹʨˆʻʸʯ, ʸʵʫʬʹʨ˂ ʬʹ ʻʱʨʴʨʹʱʴʬʲʴʰ
ʯʨʭʰʨʴʯʰ ʹʻʲʰʬʸʰ ʹʰʿʭʨʸʻʲʰʯ ʹʰʨʳʵʭʴʬʩʰʹ ʪʨʴ˂ʫʰʯ ʨʨʭʹʬʩʬʴ ʻʼʨʲʹ" ("ʩˈʨʱʺʰʸʨʹʨʳʸʰʺʨ-ʹʰʴʫˈʻ 1.2.234).
ʲʬʽʹʰ 4
ʳʰ˄ʨ, ˄ʿʨʲʰ, ˂ʬ˂ˆʲʰ, ˈʨʬʸʰ, ʬʯʬʸʰ, ˅ʱʻʨ, ʪʵʴʬʩʨ ʫʨ ˂ʸʻ ʬʪʵ _ ʨʳ ʸʭʨ ʬʲʬʳʬʴʺʰʯ
ʨʸʰʹ ˀʬʫʪʬʴʰʲʰ ˁʬʳʰ ʳʨʺʬʸʰʨʲʻʸʰ ʬʴʬʸʪʰʬʩʰ.
ˀʰʴʨ-ʨʸʹʰ. ʳʬ˂ʴʰʬʸʻʲʨʫ ʪʨʨʴʨʲʰʮʬʩʻʲʰʨ ʻʼʲʰʹ ʹˆʭʨʫʨʹˆʭʨ ʬʴʬʸʪʰʰʹ
ʫʨʫʪʰʴʬʩʻʲʰ ʳʫʪʵʳʨʸʬʵʩʨ. ʳʨʺʬʸʰʨʲʻʸ ʩʻʴʬʩʨʹ ˈʽʭʰʨ ʶʸʨʱʸʰʺʰ, ʨʴʻ ʻʼʲʰʹ
ʰʴʱʨʸʴʨ˂ʰʬʩˀʰ (ʶʻʸʻˀʬʩˀʰ) ʪʨʳʵʭʲʰʴʬʩʻʲʰ ʬʴʬʸʪʰʨ. ʬʹ ʨʾ˄ʬʸʰʲʰʨ "ʹʨʺʭʨʺʨʺʨʴʺʸʨˀʰ":
"ʳʨʺʬʸʰʨʲʻʸʰ ʹʨʳʿʨʸʵʹ ˀʬʹʨʽʳʴʬʲʨʫ ʻʼʨʲʰ ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ ʹʸʻʲʰ ʪʨʳʵʭʲʰʴʬʩʨ ʹʨʳʰ
ʭʰˀʴʻʹ ʹʨˀʻʨʲʬʩʰʯ ˆʫʬʩʨ: ʶʰʸʭʬʲʰ _ ʳʨˈʨ-ʭʰˀʴʻ _ ʽʳʴʰʹ ʳʯʲʰʨʴ ʳʨʺʬʸʰʨʲʻʸ
ʬʴʬʸʪʰʨʹ, ʸʵʳʬʲʹʨ˂ ʳʨˈʨʺ-ʺʨʺʭʨ ʬ˄ʵʫʬʩʨ; ʳʬʵʸʬ _ ʪʨʸʩˈʵʫʨʱʨˀʨʰ ʭʰˀʴʻ _
ʪʨʴʬʼʰʴʬʩʨ ʳʯʬʲ ʹʨʳʿʨʸʵʹ ʫʨ ʳʰʹ ʳʸʨʭʨʲʼʬʸʵʭʴʬʩʨʹ ʽʳʴʰʹ; ʳʬʹʨʳʬ _ ʱˀʰʸʵʫʨʱʨˀʨʰ
ʭʰˀʴʻ _ ʳʯʬʲ ʹʨʳʿʨʸʵʹ ʪʨʳʹ˅ʭʨʲʨʭʹ, ʸʵʪʵʸ˂ ʮʬʹʻʲʰ (ʶʨʸʨʳʨʺʳʨ), ʸʵʳʬʲʰ˂ ʯʭʰʯ
ʨʺʵʳˀʰ˂ ʱʰ ʹʻʼʬʭʹ. ʭʰʴ˂ ʬʹ ʹʨʳʰ ʭʰˀʴʻ ʰ˂ʰʹ, ʳʨʺʬʸʰʨʲʻʸʰ ʿʵʼʰʬʸʬʩʰʹ ʺʿʭʬʵʩʰʫʨʴ
ʯʨʭʰʹʻʼʲʫʬʩʨ."
ʹʸʻʲʰ ʳʨʺʬʸʰʨʲʻʸʰ ʹʨʳʿʨʸʵʹʬʻʲʰ ʪʨʴʭʸ˂ʵʩʨ ʻʼʲʰʹ ʬʸʯ-ʬʸʯʰ ʬʴʬʸʪʰʰʹ
ʶʰʸʳˀʵʨ. ʳʰʹ ʿʵʭʬʲʪʭʨʸ ˃ʭʸʨʹ ʻʼʲʰʹ ʳʰʯʰʯʬʩʻʲʰ ʹʨʳʰ ʬʽʹʶʨʴʹʰʨ _ ʹʨʳʰ ʭʰˀʴʻ
ʳʨʸʯʨʭʹ. ʨʳ ʰʴʱʨʸʴʨ˂ʰʬʩʹ ʶʻʸʻˀʬʩʰ ʬ˄ʵʫʬʩʨʯ.
ʸʵʪʵʸ˂ ˄ʬʹʰ, ʿʭʬʲʨ, ʭʰʹʨ˂ ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ ˀʬʹʨˆʬʩ ʳʬ˂ʴʰʬʸʬʩʨ ʨʸ ʬʹʳʰʹ, ʯʭʲʰʹ, ʸʵʳ ʬʹ
ʳʨʺʬʸʰʨʲʻʸʰ ʹʨʳʿʨʸʵ ˂ʵ˂ˆʨʲʰ ʨʸʹʬʩʬʩʰʹ ʹʰʨʳʵʭʴʬʩʰʹʨʯʭʰʹ ʨʸʰʹ ˀʬʽʳʴʰʲʰ ʫʨ ʸʵʳ
˂ʵ˂ˆʨʲʰ ʨʸʹʬʩʬʩʰ ʯʨʭʨʫ ʨʸʰʨʴ ʶʻʸʻˀʬʩʰ _ ʬʴʬʸʪʰʨʯʨ ʳʼʲʵʩʬʲʴʰ, ʳʰʹʰ
ʪʨʴʳʪʬʩʲʬʩʰ ʫʨ ʪʨʴ˂ˆʸʵʳʰʯ ʳʿʵʼʴʰ. "ʩˈʨʪʨʭʨʫ-ʪʰʺʨʹ" ʯʨʴʨˆʳʨʫ ʬʹ ʾʭʯʰʹʳʪʳʵʩʬʲʰ
ʳ˂ʫʨʸʰ ˀʬˆʬʫʻʲʬʩʨʨ. ʨʳ ʲʬʽʹˀʰ ʳʰʯʰʯʬʩʻʲʰʨ, ʸʵʳ ʱʸʰˀʴʨ ʨʸʰʹ ʹʸʻʲʰ
ʳʨʺʬʸʰʨʲʻʸʰ ʹʨʳʿʨʸʵʹ ˀʬʽʳʴʰʹ ʶʰʸʭʬʲʳʰʮʬʮʰ. "ˀʸʰʳʨʫ-ʩˈʨʪʨʭʨʺʨʳʰ˂" ʨʳʨʹ
ʨʫʨʹʺʻʸʬʩʹ. ʨʳ ʹʨʳʿʨʸʵʹ ʪʨʳʵʭʲʰʴʬʩʰʹ ˀʬʳʨʫʪʬʴʬʲʰ ʴʨ˄ʰʲʬʩʰ ʻʼʲʰʹ
ʪʨʴ˂ʨʲʱʬʭʬʩʻʲʰ ʬʴʬʸʪʰʬʩʰʹ ˀʬʴʨʳʵʽʳʬʫʰʨ.
ʩʸʨˈʳʨˇʰʵʺʰ˂ ʱʰ, ʸʵʳʬʲʯʨʴ ˀʬʴʰʭʯʬʩʨ ˄ʳʰʴʫʨʴʯʨ ʵ˂ʴʬʩʨʨ, ʹʻʲʰʬʸ ˂ʨʮʬ
ˀʻʽʰʹʳʼʸʽʭʬʭʬʲʰ ʬʴʬʸʪʰʨʨ. ʰʪʰ ʳʵʱʲʬʩʻʲʰʨ ʳʸʨʭʨʲʹʨˆʵʭʴʬʩʨʹ, ʬʸʯʰʨ ʫʨ
ʫʨʫʪʰʴʬʩʻʲʰʨ "ʬʸʯ"-ʨʫ. ʳʨʹ ʨʸ ʨˆʨʹʰʨʯʬʩʹ ʭʨʰʱʻʴʯˈʨʲʵʱʬʩʰʹ ʯʭʰʹʬʩʬʩʰ, ʨʳʰʺʵʳ
ʰʯʭʲʬʩʨ ʰʳʶʬʸʹʵʴʨʲʰʹʺʬʩʰʹʨʯʭʰʹ ʹ˄ʵʸʬʫ ʨʳ ʴʨʯʬʲʯʨʴ ˀʬʸ˄ʿʳʨ ˂ˆʵʭʸʬʩʰʹ
˃ʰʸʰʯʨʫ ʳʰʮʴʨʫ.
ʶʨʸʨʳʨʺʳʨʹ ʪʨʳʵʭʲʰʴʬʩʨ˂ ʱˀʰʸʵʫʨʱʨˀʨʰ ʭʰˀʴʻʹ ʫʸʵʬʩʰʯʰ, ʿʵʭʲʰʹʪʨʳ˅ʵʲʰ,
ʿʭʬʲʨʼʬʸˀʰ ˀʬʳʾ˄ʬʭʰ ʨʹʶʬʽʺʰʨ. ʬʹ ʪʨʳʵʭʲʰʴʬʩʨ ʹʻʲʰʬʸ ʹʨʳʿʨʸʵˀʰ ʨʸ ˆʨʹʰʨʯʫʬʩʨ

4

Tavi meSvide _ uzenaesis Secnoba

ʳʨʸʨʫʰʻʲʵʩʰʯ. ʨʳʰʺʵʳ ʨʩʹʵʲʻʺʻʸʰ ʫʨ ʳʨʸʨʫʰʻʲʰ ʻʮʬʴʨʬʹʰ ʾʳʸʯʨʬʩʸʰʭʰ
ʶʰʸʵʭʴʬʩʨʨ _ ʹʸʻʲʿʵʼʰʲʬʩʨ, ʹʸʻʲʰ ʫʨ ʳʯʲʰʨʴʰ ʬʴʬʸʪʰʨ _ ʳʶʿʸʵʩʬʲʰ ʻʨʳʸʨʭʰ
ʪʨʸʬ ʯʻ ˀʰʴʨʪʨʴʰ ʬʴʬʸʪʰʰʹʨ.
ʸʵʪʵʸ˂ ʰʯʽʭʨ, ʳʨʺʬʸʰʨʲʻʸʰ ʬʴʬʸʪʰʨ ʸʭʨ ˃ʰʸʰʯʨʫʰ ʹʨˆʰʯ ʭʲʰʴʫʬʩʨ. ʳʨʯʪʨʴ
ʶʰʸʭʬʲ ˆʻʯʹ: ʳʰ˄ʨʹ, ˄ʿʨʲʹ, ˂ʬ˂ˆʲʹ, ˈʨʬʸʹʨ ʫʨ ˂ʨʹ, ˆʻʯʰ ʪʰʪʨʴʺʻʸʰ, ʻˆʬˀʰ
ʽʳʴʰʲʬʩʨ ʬ˄ʵʫʬʩʨ. ʰʹʰʴʰ ʪʸ˃ʴʵʩʨʯʨ ˆʻʯ ʬʴʬʸʪʰʨʹ ʳʵʰ˂ʨʭʬʴ: ʩʪʬʸʰʹ, ʼʬʸʰʹ, ˀʬˆʬʩʰʹ,
ʪʬʳʵʹʨ ʫʨ ʹʻʴʰʹ. ʳʨʺʬʸʰʨʲʰʹʺʬʩʰ ʻʪʻʲʬʩʬʲʿʵʼʬʴ ʫʨʴʨʸˁʬʴʰ ʹʨʳʰʹ: ˅ʱʻʰʹ,
ʪʵʴʬʩʰʹʨ ʫʨ ˂ʸʻ ʬʪʵʹ ʬʴʬʸʪʰʬʩʹ. ʹ˄ʨʭʲʻʲʴʰ, ʸʵʳʲʬʩʰ˂ ˂ʴʵʩʰʬʸʬʩʰʹ ʳʰʳʵʽ˂ʬʭʨʹ
ʨʱʭʰʸʫʬʩʰʨʴ, ʨʸ ʫʪʨʴʨʴ ˅ʬˀʳʨʸʰʺ ʪʮʨʮʬ ʫʨ ʳʨʯʰ ˂ʵʫʴʨ˂ ʬʸʯʵʩ ʪʨʳʵʼʰʺʻʲʰʨ,
ʸʨʫʪʨʴ ʳʵʱʲʬʩʻʲʴʰ ʨʸʰʨʴ ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ _ ʶʰʸʭʬʲʰ ʫʨ ʹʨʩʵʲʵʵ ʳʰʮʬʮʰʹ _ ˀʬʹʨˆʬʩ
ʸ˄ʳʬʴʨʹ.
˂ʸʻ ʬʪʵ _ "ʳʬ", "ʳʬ ʭʨʸ", "ʬʹ ˁʬʳʰʨ" ʫʨ ʹˆʭʨ ʪʨʪʬʩʨʴʰ, ʸʨ˂ ʳʰ˄ʰʬʸʰ ʿʵʼʰʬʸʬʩʰʹ
˃ʰʸʰʯʨʫʰ ʶʸʰʴ˂ʰʶʰʨ, ʫʨʼʻ˃ʴʬʩʻʲʰʨ ʨʳʽʭʬʿʴʰʻʸʰ ˂ˆʵʭʸʬʩʰʹʨʯʭʰʹ ʪʨʴʱʻʯʭʴʰʲ
ʪʸ˃ʴʵʩʨʯʨ ʵʸʪʨʴʵʬʩʮʬ. ʪʵʴʬʩʨ _ ʳʨˈʨʺ-ʺʨʺʭʨʫ ˄ʵʫʬʩʻʲ ʳʯʬʲ ʳʨʺʬʸʰʨʲʻʸ
ˀʬʴʨʽʳʴʹ ʬʱʻʯʭʴʰʹ.
ʻʼʲʰʹ ʸʭʨ ˂ʨʲʱʬʻʲʰ ʬʴʬʸʪʰʰʫʨʴ ʰʩʨʫʬʩʨ ʹʨʳʿʨʸʵʹ ˀʬʳʨʫʪʬʴʬʲʰ ʵ˂ʫʨʵʯˆʰ
ʬʲʬʳʬʴʺʰ, ʸʨ˂ ʹʨʴʽˈʰʨʹ ʨʯʬʰʹʺʻʸʰ ʼʰʲʵʹʵʼʰʰʹ ˀʬʹ˄ʨʭʲʰʹ ʹʨʪʨʴʰʨ. ʯʨʭʰʨʴʯʰ
ʫʨʹʨʩʨʳʰʯ ʰʹʰʴʰ ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ ʳ˃ʲʨʭʸʰ ʬʴʬʸʪʰʰʹ ʪʨʴˀʺʵʬʩʬʩʰʨ ʫʨ ʯʨʭʰʨʴʰ ʴʬʩʰʹʨʳʬʩʸ,
˂ʨʲʱʬ ʭʲʰʴʫʬʩʰʨʴ. ʳ˄ʰʸʰ ˂ʵʫʴʰʹ ʳʽʵʴʬ ʻʸ˄ʳʻʴʵ ʹʨʴʽˈʰʨ ʼʰʲʵʹʵʼʵʹʬʩʰʹ
ʳʹˇʬʲʵʩʰʹ ʹʨʪʨʴʰ ʳˆʵʲʵʫ ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ ʪʨʸʬʪʨʴʰ ʬʴʬʸʪʰʬʩʰʹ ʽʳʴʨʫʵʩʨʨ, ʳʨʪʸʨʳ ʨʸ ʰ˂ʰʨʴ
ʳʯʨʭʨʸʰ _ ʻʼʲʰʹ ʻʶʰʸʭʬʲʬʹʵʩʨ ʳʯʬʲʰ ʱʵʹʳʰʻʸʰ ʪʨʳʵʭʲʰʴʬʩʰʹ ˀʬʽʳʴʨˀʰ.
ʲʬʽʹʰ 5
ʵ, ʳʱʲʨʭʳʨʪʨʸʵ ʨʸˇʻʴʨ, ˀʬʰ˂ʨʴ, ʸʵʳ ʹˆʭʨ ʬʴʬʸʪʰʨ˂ ʳʵʽʳʬʫʬʩʹ _ ʬʹ ˁʬʳʰ ʻʳʨʾʲʬʹʰ
ʬʴʬʸʪʰʨʨ, ʸʵʳʲʰʹ ʳʬʵˆʬʩʰʯ ʨʸʹʬʩʵʩʹ ʹʰ˂ʵ˂ˆʲʬ. ʳʨʴ ʿʭʬʲʨ ʹʻʲʫʪʳʻʲʰ
ʳʨʺʬʸʰʨʲʻʸʰ ʿʵʼʰʬʸʬʩʰʹ ʻʳʫʨʩʲʬʹ ʩʻʴʬʩʨˀʰ ʪʨʴʨ˄ʬʹʨ.
ˀʰʴʨ-ʨʸʹʰ: ʨʽ ʪʨʸʱʭʬʭʰʯ ʨʸʰʹ ʴʨʯʽʭʨʳʰ, ʸʵʳ ˂ʵ˂ˆʨʲʰ ʨʸʹʬʩʬʩʰ ʻʼʲʰʹ ʻʳʨʾʲʬʹʰ
ʬʴʬʸʪʰʰʹ (ʩʻʴʬʩʰʹ) ʪʨʳʵʭʲʰʴʬʩʨʴʰ ʨʸʰʨʴ. ʻʫʨʩʲʬʹʰ ʬʴʬʸʪʰʨ ʳʨʺʬʸʰʨʨ, ʸʵʳʬʲʰ˂
ʰʽʳʴʬʩʨ ʹˆʭʨʫʨʹˆʭʨ ʬʲʬʳʬʴʺʬʩʰʹ ʬʸʯʵʩʲʰʵʩʰʯ. ʬʹ ʬʲʬʳʬʴʺʬʩʰʨ: ʳʰ˄ʨ, ˄ʿʨʲʰ,
˂ʬ˂ˆʲʰ, ˈʨʬʸʰ, ʬʯʬʸʰ, ˅ʱʻʨ, ʪʵʴʬʩʨ ʫʨ ˂ʸʻ ʬʪʵ. ʳʰ˄ʰʬʸʰ ʩʻʴʬʩʰʹ ʵʸʰʭʬ ʼʵʸʳʨ:
ʻˆʬˀʰ˂ (ʳʰ˄ʨ, ˄ʿʨʲʰ, ˂ʬ˂ˆʲʰ, ˈʨʬʸʰ, ʬʯʬʸʰ) ʫʨ ʴʨʺʰʼʰ˂ (˅ʱʻʨ, ʪʵʴʬʩʨ, ˂ʸʻ ʬʪʵ)
ʻʳʫʨʩʲʬʹʰ ʬʴʬʸʪʰʰʹ ʶʰʸʳˀʵʴʰ ʨʸʰʨʴ. ˂ʵ˂ˆʨʲʰ ʨʸʹʬʩʬʩʰ ʯʨʭʰʨʴʯ ʻʳʫʨʩʲʬʹ
ʬʴʬʸʪʰʨʹ ʹˆʭʨʫʨʹˆʭʨ ʳʰʮʴʰʯ ʰʿʬʴʬʩʬʴ, ʯʨʭʨʫ ʱʰ ʻʼʲʰʹ ʻʳʨʾʲʬʹ ʬʴʬʸʪʰʨʹ
ʬʱʻʯʭʴʰʨʴ. ʹ˄ʵʸʬʫ ʻʼʲʰʹʳʰʬʸʰ ʬʴʬʸʪʰʰʯ ʰ˃ʭʸʰʹ ʳʯʬʲʰ ʱʵʹʳʰʻʸʰ ʹʨʳʿʨʸʵ,
ʸʵʳʬʲʰ˂ ʻ˃ʸʨʭʰ, ʪʨʿʰʴʻʲʰ ʰʽʴʬʩʵʫʨ ʨʳ ˃ʨʲʳʵʹʰʲʰ ʳʨʸʯʭʰʹ ʪʨʸʬˀʬ. ʳ˂ʰʸʬ
ʬʴʬʸʪʰʬʩʹ ʱʭʬʩʨʭʹ ʬʸʯʰ ʳ˃ʲʨʭʸʰ, ʺʰʺʨʴʻʸʰ ʬʴʬʸʪʰʨ ʻʮʬʴʨʬʹʰʹʨ, ʰʪʰʭʬ ˄ʨʸʳʨʸʯʨʭʹ
ʳʨʯʹ ʽʳʴʨʫʵʩʨʹ, ʨʳʰʺʵʳ ʹʰ˂ʵ˂ˆʲʬ ʳʨʸʨʫ ʻʼʲʰʹ ʯʭʨʲʿʻʸʰʹ ʽʭʬˀʨʨ _ ʳʨʯ
ʫʨʳʵʻʱʰʫʬʩʲʨʫ ʨʸʹʬʩʵʩʨ ʨʸ˂ ˀʬʻ˃ʲʰʨʯ, ʭʬʸ˂ ʭʬʸʨʹʵʫʬʹ ˀʬʰ˃ʬʴʬʴ ʻʳʨʾʲʬʹ
˃ʨʲʳʵʹʰʲʬʩʨʹ, ʸʵʪʵʸ˂ ʬʹ ʯʨʭʰʹ ʯʨʭˀʰ ʫʨʸ˄ʳʻʴʬʩʻʲ ʻʪʻʴʻʸʯ ʬʨʫʭʰʲʬʩʨʯ.
ʪʨʴʹˆʭʨʭʬʩʨ ˂ʵ˂ˆʨʲ ʨʸʹʬʩʬʩʹʨ ʫʨ ʻʼʨʲʹ ˀʵʸʰʹ "ˀʸʰʳʨʫ-ʩˈʨʪʨʭʨʺʨʳˀʰ" ʨʹʬʨ
ʨʾ˄ʬʸʰʲʰ:

5

Tavi meSvide _ uzenaesis Secnoba

"ʵ, ʻʮʬʴʨʬʹʵ! ˆʵʸ˂ˀʬʹˆʳʻʲʰ ʨʸʹʬʩʬʩʰ ˀʬʴʹʨʭʰʯ ʳʨʸʨʫʰʻʲʰ ʫʨ ʿʵʭʲʰʹʪʨʳ˅ʵʲʴʰ
ʸʵʳ ʿʵʼʰʲʰʿʭʴʬʴ, ʨʸ ʫʨʹ˅ʰʸʫʬʩʵʫʨʯ ˀʬʴʰ ʪʨʴʳʪʬʩʲʵʩʨ ʫʨ ʯʭʨʲʿʻʸʰʹ ʫʬʭʴʬʩʨ.
ʸʨʱʰ ˂ʵ˂ˆʨʲʰ ʨʸʹʬʩʨʴʰ ˀʬʴʰ ʻʮʬʴʨʬʹʵʩʰʹ ˃ʨʲʳʵʹʰʲʬʩʰʹ ʻʳ˂ʰʸʬʹʰ ʬʴʬʸʪʰʬʩʰʨ,
ʰʹʰʴʰ ʻʳʨʲ ˀʬʴʰ ʱʵʴʺʸʵʲʰʹ ʽʭʬˀ ʳʵʽʳʬʫʬʩʬʴ, ʨʳʰʺʵʳʨ˂ ˅ʬˀʳʨʸʰʺ
ʪʨʴʯʨʭʰʹʻʼʲʬʩʨʹ ˀʬʴʫʨʴʰ ʳʵʸˁʰʲʬʩʨ ʳʵˈʿʭʬʩʨ, ʸʨʹʨ˂ ʹʨʴʬʺʨʸʵ ʩʬʫʴʰʬʸʬʩʨ
ʳʵʹʫʬʭʹ.
˂ʵ˂ˆʨʲʰ ʨʸʹʬʩʨʴʰ ʳˆʵʲʵʫ ʯʨʭʰʨʴʯ ʫʨʫʪʰʴʬʩʻʲ ʳʫʪʵʳʨʸʬʵʩʨˀʰ ˀʬʰ˃ʲʬʩʨ ʰʿʭʴʬʴ
ʹʨʱʻʯʨʸʰ ʯʨʭʰʹ ʪʨʳʪʬʩʬʲʴʰ. ˀʬʮʾʻʫʻʲʰ ʪʵʴʬʩʰʹ ʳʽʵʴʬʴʰ, ʽʨʫʨʪʬʩʬʴ ʸʨ ʳʵʴʰʹʺʻʸ
ʯʬʵʸʰʨʹ, ʾʳʬʸʯʰ ʫʨ ʿʭʬʲʨ ʹʻʫʪʳʻʲʰ ʿʵʭʬʲʳˆʸʰʭ ʯʨʴʨʹ˄ʵʸʨʫ ʳʰʨˁʴʰʨʯ. ʬʹ
ʳ˂ʫʨʸʰ ʫʨ ˂ʵʫʭʰʲʰ ˀʬˆʬʫʻʲʬʩʨʨ."
ʻʮʬʴʨʬʹʰ ʻʼʨʲʰ ʬʸʯʨʫʬʸʯʰ ʫʨ ˀʬʻ˂ʭʲʬʲʰ ʪʨʳʪʬʩʬʲʰʨ ʿʵʭʬʲʰ ˂ʵ˂ˆʨʲʰ
ʨʸʹʬʩʰʹʨ, ʸʵʳʲʬʩʰ˂ ʳʰʹʰ ʻʳʨʾʲʬʹʰ ʬʴʬʸʪʰʰʹ ʽʳʴʨʫʵʩʰʹ ʴʨʿʵʼʴʰ ʨʸʰʨʴ. ʻʼʲʰʹʨ ʫʨ
ʳʨʯʰ ʯʭʰʹʵʩʸʰʵʩʨ ʬʸʯʴʨʰʸʰʨ, ʳʨʪʸʨʳ ʻʮʬʴʨʬʹʰʹ ˀʬʹʨ˃ʲʬʩʲʵʩʬʩʹ ʭʬʸ ʪʨʻʺʵʲʫʬʩʨ
ʳʨʯʰ ˃ʨʲʨ. ʻˆʬˀʰ, ʻʳʫʨʩʲʬʹʰ ʳʨʺʬʸʰʨʲʻʸʰ ʬʴʬʸʪʰʰʹ ʪʨʳʵʿʬʴʬʩʰʹʨʹ ˂ʵ˂ˆʨʲʰ
ʨʸʹʬʩʰʹ ʹʻʲʰʬʸʰ ʴʨʺʰʼʰ ʬʴʬʸʪʰʨ ʳʨʺʬʸʰʰʹ ʪʨʭʲʬʴʰʹ ʽʭʬˀ ʬʽ˂ʬʭʨ. ʸʵʫʬʹʨ˂
ʶʰʸʵʭʴʬʩʨ ʨʹʬʯʰ ˄ʨʸʳʵʹʨˆʭʰʯʰ ʳʨʺʬʸʰʨʲʻʸʰ ʬʴʬʸʪʰʰʹ ʪʨʭʲʬʴʨʹ ʯʨʭʹ ʫʨʨʾ˄ʬʭʹ,
ˆʭʫʬʩʨ ʳʻʱʺʰʹ, ʨʴʻ ʪʨʴʯʨʭʰʹʻʼʲʬʩʰʹ ʹʺʨʫʰʨˀʰ.
ʰʲʻʮʰʰʹ ʳʨʸ˄ʻˆʬʩˀʰ ʳʿʵʼʰ ˂ʸʻ ʬʪʵ ʼʰʽʸʵʩʹ: "ʳʬ ʭʨʸ ʯʨʭʨʫ ʳʨʺʬʸʰʨ ʫʨ ʸʨ˂
ʳʨʺʬʸʰʨʲʻʸʰʨ, ˁʬʳʰ ʱʻʯʭʴʰʲʰʨ". ʯʻ ʨʳ ʼʻ˅ʰ ʨʮʸʬʩʰʹʨʪʨʴ ʨʸ ʪʨʴʯʨʭʰʹʻʼʲʫʬʩʨ
ʶʰʸʵʭʴʬʩʨ, ʯʨʭʰʹ ˅ʬˀʳʨʸʰʺ ʫʨ ʨʸʨ ˂ʸʻ "ʳʬ"-ʹ ʭʬʸʨʹʵʫʬʹ ˀʬʰ˂ʴʵʩʹ. ʫʨ ʭʬʸ˂
ʾʳʬʸʯʯʨʴ ʻʸʯʰʬʸʯʵʩʰʹ ʾʰʸʹʰ ʪʨˆʫʬʩʨ.
"ʩˈʨʪʨʭʨʫ-ʪʰʺʨˀʰ" ʫʨʫʨʹʺʻʸʬʩʻʲʰʨ, ʸʵʳ ˂ʵ˂ˆʨʲʰ ʨʸʹʬʩʨ ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ ʬʸʯ-ʬʸʯʰ
ʬʴʬʸʪʰʨʨ ʳʰʹ ʻʯʭʨʲʨʭ ʬʴʬʸʪʰʨʹ ˀʵʸʰʹ. ʫʨ ʸʵ˂ʨ ʳʨʺʬʸʰʰʯ ʫʨʳ˃ʰʳʬʩʻʲʰ ʬʹ ʬʴʬʸʪʰʨ
ʪʨʴʰ˄ʳʰʴʫʬʩʨ, ʶʰʸʵʭʴʬʩʨ ʹʸʻʲ ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ ˂ʴʵʩʰʬʸʬʩʨʹ _ ʪʨʴʯʨʭʰʹʻʼʲʬʩʨʹ ʨʾ˄ʬʭʹ.
ʲʬʽʹʰ 6
ʿʵʭʬʲʰ ˀʬʽʳʴʰʲʰ ʨʳ ʳʨʺʬʸʰʨʲʻʸʰ ʫʨ ʹʻʲʰʬʸʰ ʩʻʴʬʩʰʹ ʶʰʸʭʬʲ˄ʿʨʸʵʫʨʴ
ʳʵʬʫʰʴʬʩʨ. ʵʾʵʴʫ ʻʬ˅ʭʬʲʨʫ ʻʴʫʨ ʰ˂ʵʫʬ, ʸʵʳ ʳʬ ʭʨʸ ʨʳ ʹʨʳʿʨʸʵˀʰ ʿʵʭʬʲʰʭʬʹ
ʫʨʹʨʩʨʳʰ˂ ʫʨ ʫʨʹʨʹʸʻʲʰ˂.
ˀʰʴʨ-ʨʸʹʰ. ʿʵʭʬʲʰ ʨʸʹʬʩʻʲʰ ʳʨʺʬʸʰʰʹʨ ʫʨ ʹʻʲʰʹ ʶʰʸʳˀʵʨ. ʹʻʲʰ ˀʬʳʵʽʳʬʫʰʨ,
ʳʨʺʬʸʰʨ ʳʰʹʰ ʽʳʴʨʫʵʩʰʹ ʴʨʿʵʼʰ. ʳʨʺʬʸʰʰʹ ʪʨʴʭʰʯʨʸʬʩʰʹ ʨʸ˂ ʬʸʯ ʹʺʨʫʰʨʮʬ ʹʻʲʰ
ʨʸ ʰʽʳʴʬʩʨ. ʶʰʸʰʽʰʯ, ʳʨʺʬʸʰʨʲʻʸʰ ʹʨʳʿʨʸʵ ʭʲʰʴʫʬʩʨ ʳˆʵʲʵʫ ʹʻʲʰʹ ʬʴʬʸʪʰʰʹ
˄ʿʨʲʵʩʰʯ. ʳʰ˄ʰʬʸʰ ʹˆʬʻʲʰ ʰʳʰʺʵʳ ʰ˂ʭʲʬʩʨ, ʭʰʯʨʸʫʬʩʨ, ʪʨʸʫʨʰʽʳʴʬʩʨ, ʸʵʳ ʳʰʹʰ
˄ʰʨʾʰ ʹʻʲʹ ʻʶʿʸʰʨ. ʩʨʭˀʭʰ ʰʮʸʫʬʩʨ ʿʸʳʵʩʨʳʫʬ. ʿʸʳʵʩʰʫʨʴ ˅ʨʩʻʱʵʩʨʳʫʬ ʫʨ ʨ.ˀ.
ʳˆʵʲʵʫ ʨʳ ʻʳʨʾʲʬʹʰ ʬʴʬʸʪʰʰʹ, ʺʸʨʴʹ˂ʬʴʫʬʴʺʻʸʰ ʹʻʲʰʹ ʯʨʴʨʳʿʵʼʵʩʰʹ ʪʨʳʵ.
ʳʯʬʲʰ ʻʮʨʸʳʨʮʨʸʰ ʱʵʹʳʰʻʸʰ ʹʨʳʿʸʨʵʹ ʿʵʭʬʲʰ ˃ʭʸʨ, ʪʨʳʵʭʲʰʴʬʩʨ ʮʬʹʻʲʰʹ,
ʭʰˀʴʻʹ, ʯʨʴʨʳʵʴʨ˄ʰʲʬʵʩʰʯ ˆʫʬʩʨ.
ʹʻʲʰ ʫʨ ʳʨʺʬʸʰʨ ʻʸʯʰʬʸʯʹ ʨʭʹʬʩʬʴ ʫʨ ʨʳ ʮʾʭʨʸʫʨʻʫʬʩʬʲ ʹʨʳʿʨʸʵʹʬʻʲ ʹʰʭʸ˂ʬʹʰʪʨʴʬʹ ʪʨʴʬʼʰʴʬʩʰʨʴ, ʸʵʪʵʸ˂ ʻʼʲʰʹʳʰʬʸʰ ʵʸʰ ʬʴʬʸʪʰʨ. ʳʨˀʨʹʨʫʨʳʬ, ʱʸʰˀʴʨ ʿʵʭʲʰʹ

6

Tavi meSvide _ uzenaesis Secnoba

ʶʰʸʭʬʲʳʰʮʬʮʰʨ. ʳʰʹʰ ʸʵʳʬʲʰʳʬ ʪʨʴʻʿʵʼʬʲʰ ʴʨ˄ʰʲʰ (ʯʻʴʫʨ˂ ʻʳ˂ʰʸʬʹʰ ʴʨ˄ʰʲʨʱʰ)
ˀʬʰ˃ʲʬʩʨ ʰʿʵʹ ʯʭʨʲˀʬʻ˄ʭʫʬʴʬʲʰ ˂ʨʯʨʳˇʬʴʰʹ, ʳ˃ʲʨʭʸʰ ʽʨʸˆʴʰʹ ʨʴ ʭʸ˂ʬʲʰ ʽʨʲʨʽʰʹ
ʨʸʹʬʩʵʩʰʹ ʳʰʮʬʮʰ, ʳʨʪʸʨʳ ʳʯʬʲʰ ʨʳ ʻʮʨʸʳʨʮʨʸʰ ʹʨʳʿʨʸʵʹ ʳʰʮʬʮʰ ʭʬʸ ʰʽʴʬʩʨ _ ʬʹ
ʳˆʵʲʵʫ ʫʰʨʫʰ ʹʻʲʰʹ _ ʮʬʹʻʲʰʹ, ˃ʨʲʳʵʹʰʲʬʩʰʹ ʴʨʿʵʼʰʨ. ʻʼʨʲʰ ʰʳʨʭʫʸʵʻʲʨʫ
ʿʵʭʲʰʹ - ʫʰʫʰ ʯʻ ʳ˂ʰʸʬ ʹʻʲʬʩʰʹ ʳʿʵʼʵʩʰʹ ʳʰʮʬʮʰ˂ ʨʸʰʹ. ʨʳʰʺʵʳ ʰ˄ʵʫʬʩʨ ʰʪʰ
ʿʵʭʬʲʯʨ ʳʰʮʬʮʯʨ
ʶʰʸʭʬʲʳʰʮʬʮʨʫ.
ʬʹ ʫʨʫʨʹʺʻʸʬʩʻʲʰʨ "ʱʨʯˈʨ ʻʶʨʴʰˀʨʫˀʰ" (2.9.13): ʴʰʺʰʵ ʴʰʺʰʨʴʨʳ ˁʬʺʨʴʨˀ
ˁʬʺʨʴʨʴʨʳ.
ʲʬʽʹʰ 7
ʵ, ʪʨʴ˃ʯʨ ʳʶʿʸʵʩʬʲʵ, ʨʸ ʨʸʹʬʩʵʩʹ ˁʬʳʹ-ʻʳʨʾʲʬʹ ˅ʬˀʳʨʸʰʺʬʩʨ. ʿʭʬʲʨʼʬʸʰ ˁʬʳʮʬʨ
ʨʹˆʳʻʲʰ, ʸʵʪʵʸ˂ ˃ʨʼʮʬ ʳʨʸʪʨʲʰʺʬʩʰ.
ˀʰʴʨ-ʨʸʹʰ: ʹʨʿʵʭʬʲʯʨʵʫ ʱʨʳʨʯʵʩʬʴ ʰʳʰʹ ʯʨʵʩʨʮʬ _ ʶʰʸʵʭʴʬʩʨʨ ʯʻ ʨʸʨ ʻʮʬʴʨʬʹʰ
ʨʩʹʵʲʻʺʻʸʰ ˅ʬˀʳʨʸʰʺʬʩʨ. "ʩˈʨʪʨʭʨʫ-ʪʰʺʨˀʰ" ʿʭʬʲʪʨʴ ʫʨʫʨʹʺʻʸʬʩʻʲʰʨ, ʸʵʳ
ʨʩʹʵʲʻʺʻʸʰ ˅ʬˀʳʨʸʰʺʬʩʨ ʻʮʬʴʨʬʹʰ ʾʳʸʯʨʬʩʸʰʭʰ ʶʰʸʵʭʴʬʩʨʨ _ ˀʸʰ ʱʸʰˀʴʨ. ʨʳ
ʲʬʽʹʰʫʨʴʨ˂ ʬʹ ʨʮʸʰ ʪʨʳʵʹ˅ʭʰʭʰʹ. "ʩʸʨˈʳʨ-ʹʨʳˈʰʺʨ˂" ʨʳʨʹ ʳʰʻʯʰʯʬʩʹ:
ʬʹ ʰʳʨʹ ʴʰˀʴʨʭʹ, ʸʵʳ ʨʩʹʵʲʻʺʻʸʰ ˅ʬˀʳʨʸʰʺʰ ʶʰʸʵʭʴʬʩʨ ʰʪʰʭʬ ʱʸʰˀʴʨʨ, ʸʵʳʬʲʰ˂
ʶʰʸʭʬʲʻʼʨʲʰʨ, ʹʸʻʲʰ ʹʰʨʳʵʭʴʬʩʰʹ ʨʻ˄ʿʨʭʰ ʹʨʻʴˇʬ _ ʪʵʭʰʴʫʨ, ʴʬʺʨʸʬʩʰʹʨ ʫʨ
ʹʰʩʸ˃ʴʰʹ ˀʬʻ˂ʭʲʬʲʰ, ʳʨʸʨʫʰʻʲʰ ʹʨˆʬ.
ʰʳʶʬʸʹʵʴʨʲʰʹʺʬʩʰ ʨʸ ʬʯʨʴˆʳʬʩʰʨʴ ʨʳ ʨʭʺʵʸʰʺʬʺʻʲ ʳʺʱʰ˂ʬʩʨʯʨ ʹʨ˃ʰʸʱʭʬʲʮʬ
ʨʪʬʩʻʲ ʬ˅ʭˀʬʻʭʨʲ ʹʰʳʨʸʯʲʬʹ. "ˀʭʬʺʨˀʭʨʺʨʸʨ ʻʶʨʸʴʰˀʨʫˀʰ" (3.10) ʭʬʫʻʸʰ ʭʬʸʹʰʰʹ
ʹʨʼʻ˃ʭʬʲʮʬ ʴʨʯʽʭʨʳʰʨ:
"ʳʨʺʬʸʰʨʲʻʸ ʹʨʳʿʨʸʵˀʰ ʩʸʨˈʳʨ, ʯʨʭʫʨʶʰʸʭʬʲʰ ˂ʵ˂ˆʨʲʰ ʨʸʹʬʩʨ, ʳʰˁʴʬʻʲʰʨ
ʨʾʳʨʺʬʩʻʲʨʫ ʴʨˆʬʭʨʸʾʳʬʸʯʬʩʹ, ʨʫʨʳʰʨʴʬʩʹʨ ʫʨ ʫʨʩʨʲ ˂ˆʵʭʬʲʬʩʹ ˀʵʸʰʹ. ʳʨʪʸʨʳ
ʩʸʨˈʳʨʮʬ ʳʨʾʲʨʨ ʹʻʲʰʬʸʬʩʨ, ʸʵʳʬʲʰ˂ ʳʰ˄ʰʬʸ ʨʸʹʬʩʵʩʨʹʨ ʫʨ ʼʵʸʳʨʹ ʳʵʱʲʬʩʻʲʰʨ,
ʳʨʺʬʸʰʨʲʻʸʰ ʩʰ˄ʰʬʸʬʩʰʹʨʪʨʴ ˀʬʻˆʬʩʬʲʰ ʫʨ ʪʨʴʹʶʬʺʨʱʬʩʻʲʰ. ʳʰʹʰ ˀʬʳ˂ʴʵʩʰ˂
ʺʸʨʴʹ˂ʬʴʫʬʴʺʻʸʰ ˆʫʬʩʨ, ˆʵʲʵ ʰʹʰʴʰ, ʭʰʴ˂ ʨʳʨʹ ʭʬʸ ʨˆʬʸˆʬʩʬʴ, ʳʰ˄ʰʬʸʬʩʰʹ
ʯʨʴʳˆʲʬʩʰ ʪʨ˅ʰʸʭʬʩʬʩʰʯ ʰʺʨʴˇʬʩʰʨʴ."
ʰʳʶʬʸʹʵʴʨʲʰʹʺʬʩʰ ʫʰʫ ʳʴʰˀʭʴʬʲʵʩʨʹ ʨʴʰ˅ʬʩʬʴ ʹʰʺʿʭʨʹ _ ʨʸʻʶʨʳ, ʸʨ˂, ʳʨʯʫʨ
ʹʨʭʨʲʨʲʵʫ, ʻʶʰʸʵʭʴʵʹ ʸʵʫʰ ʴʰˀʴʨʭʹ. ʰʪʰ ʳʨʸʨʫʰʹʵʩʰʹ, ʴʬʺʨʸʿʵʼʴʰʹ ʫʨ ʹʰʩʸ˃ʴʰʹ
ʻʴʰʭʯʵ ʼʵʸʳʰʹ ʪʨʳʵʳˆʨʺʭʬʲʰʨ, ʸʵʪʵʸ˂ ʬʹ ʮʬʳʵʯ ʫʨʳʵ˄ʳʬʩʻʲ ˂ʰʺʨʺʨˀʰʨ
ʨʾ˄ʬʸʰʲʰ. "ˀʭʬʺʨˀʭʨʺʨʸʨ ʻʶʨʴʰˀʨʫʰʹ" ʹˆʭʨ ʲʬʽʹʬʩʰ˂ (3.8-9) ʨʳʨʹ ʨʫʨʹʺʻʸʬʩʹ:
"ʳʬ ʭʰ˂ʴʵʩ ʻʮʬʴʨʬʹ ʾʳʸʯʨʬʩʸʰʭ ʶʰʸʵʭʴʬʩʨʹ, ʭʰʴ˂ ʳʨʺʬʸʰʨʲʰʹʺʻʸʰ ˀʬˆʬʫʻʲʬʩʬʩʰʹ
˄ʿʭʫʰʨʫʹ ʳʰʾʳʨʨ. ʳˆʵʲʵʫ ʰʹ, ʭʰʴ˂ ʳʨʹ ˀʬʰ˂ʴʵʩʹ, ʯʨʭʹ ʫʨʨʾ˄ʬʭʹ ʫʨʩʨʫʬʩʨʹʰʱʭʫʰʲʰʹ ʩʵʸʱʰʲʬʩʹ. ʨʳʰʹ ʰʽʰʯ ʪʨʴʯʨʭʰʹʻʼʲʬʩʰʹ ʹˆʭʨ ʪʮʨ ʨʸ ʨʸʹʬʩʵʩʹ.
ʨʸ ʨʸʹʬʩʵʩʹ ˅ʬˀʳʨʸʰʺʬʩʨ _ ʻʳʨʾʲʬʹ ʻʮʬʴʨʬʹʰ ʶʰʸʵʭʴʬʩʰʹʨ. ʰʪʰ ʻʳ˂ʰʸʬʹʮʬ
ʳ˂ʰʸʬʫʰʨ ʫʨ ʻʫʰʨʫʬʹʮʬ _ ʻʫʰʨʫʬʹʰ. ʫʪʨʹ ʸʵʪʵʸ˂ ʼʬʹʭʳʨʪʨʸʰ, ʽʨʸʯʨʪʨʴ

7

Tavi meSvide _ uzenaesis Secnoba

ˀʬʻ˃ʭʸʬʲʰ ˆʬ; ʨʹˆʰʭʵʹʴʬʩʹ ʺʸʨʴʹ˂ʬʴʫʬʴʺʻʸ ʮʬ˂ʨʹ. ʸʵʪʵʸ˂ ʳ˃ʲʨʭʸʰ ˆʬ ʪʨʰʫʪʨʳʹ
ˆʵʲʳʬ ʼʬʹʭʬʩʹ, ʻʼʨʲʰ˂ ʨʹʬ ʪʨʴʨʭʸ˂ʵʩʹ ʯʨʭʰʹ ʬʴʬʸʪʰʬʩʹ."
ʨʳ ʲʬʽʹʬʩʰʫʨʴ ˀʬʰ˃ʲʬʩʨ ʫʨʭʨʹʱʭʴʨʯ, ʻʮʬʴʨʬʹʰ ʨʩʹʵʲʻʺʻʸʰ ˅ʬˀʳʨʸʰʺʬʩʨ ʻʮʬʴʨʬʹʰ
ʾʳʸʯʨʬʩʸʰʭʰ ʶʰʸʵʭʴʬʩʨʨ, ʸʵʳʬʲʰ˂ ʳʯʬʲ ʱʵʹʳʰʻʸ ʭʸ˂ʬʻʲʬʩʨʹ ʪʨʴʳʹ˅ʭʨʲʨʭʹ
ʯʨʭʰʹʰ ʻʯʭʨʲʨʭʰ ʳʨʺʬʸʰʨʲʻʸʰ ʯʻ ʹʻʲʰʬʸʰ ʬʴʬʸʪʰʬʩʰʯ.
ʲʬʽʹʰ 8
ʵ, ʱʻʴʺʰʹ ˃ʬʵ, ʳʬ ʭʨʸ ˄ʿʲʰʹ ʪʬʳʵ, ʳʮʰʹʨ ʫʨ ʳʯʭʨʸʰʹ ˀʻʽʳʼʰʴʨʸʬʩʨ, ʯʨʭʹʨʸʯʰ
ʳʨʸ˂ʭʨʲʰ ʵʳ ʭʬʫʻʸ ʳʨʴʺʸʬʩˀʰ; ʳʬ ʭʨʸ ʩʪʬʸʨʯʨ ˆʳʰʨʴʵʩʨ ʬʯʬʸˀʰ ʫʨ ʿʵʭʬʲʰ ʻʴʨʸʰ
ʨʫʨʳʰʨʴˀʰ.
ˀʰʴʨ-ʨʸʹʰ. ʨʳ ʲʬʽʹˀʰ ʴʨˁʭʬʴʬʩʰʨ, ʯʻ ʸʵʪʵʸ ʪʨʴʳʹ˅ʭʨʲʨʭʹ ʻʼʨʲʰ ʨʳ ʱʵʹʳʰʻʸ
ʹʨʳʿʨʸʵʹ ʯʨʭʰʹʰ ʳʨʺʬʸʰʨʲʻʸʰ ʯʻ ʹʻʲʰʬʸʰ ʬʴʬʸʪʰʬʩʰʯ. ʻʼʲʰʹ ʨʾʽʳʨ ʫʨ ˀʬ˂ʴʵʩʨ
ʨʳ ʬʴʬʸʪʰʬʩʰʯ ˀʬʰ˃ʲʬʩʨ.
ʸʵʪʵʸ˂ ʳʮʰʹ ʴʨˆʬʭʨʸʾʳʬʸʯʰʨ ʶʰʸʵʭʴʬʩʨ ʫʨ ʰʪʰ ʯʨʭʰʹʰʭʬ ʳʨʴʨʯʵʩʬʲʰ ʬʴʬʸʪʰʰʯ,
ʳʮʰʹ ˀʻʽʰʯ ʨʾʰʽʳʬʩʨ, ʻʼʨʲʰ˂ ʯʨʭʰʹʰ ʳʨʸʨʫʰʻʲʰ ʶʰʸʭʬʲʹʨʳʿʵʼʬʲʰʫʨʴ
ʪʨʳʵʺʿʵʸ˂ʴʰʲʰ ʬʴʬʸʪʰʰʯ ˀʬʰ˂ʴʵʩʨ.
˄ʿʲʰʹ ʪʬʳʵ ˄ʿʲʰʹ ˀʬʳʼʨʹʬʩʬʲʰʨ. ʨʸʨʭʰʹ ʻʿʭʨʸʹ ʮʾʭʰʹ ˄ʿʨʲʰ, ʭʰʴʨʰʫʨʴ ʳʨʹ ʳʨʸʰʲʰʹ
ʪʬʳʵ ʨʽʭʹ, ˄ʿʲʰʹ ʳʰʳʮʰʫʭʬʲʵʩʨ ʳʰʹ ˄ʳʰʴʫʨ _ ʳʺʱʴʨʸ ʪʬʳʵˀʰʨ. ʨʰ, ʹ˄ʵʸʬʫ ʬʹ
ʹʰ˄ʳʰʴʫʬʨ ʻʼʲʰʹ ʬʸʯ-ʬʸʯʰ ʬʴʬʸʪʰʨ. ˄ʳʰʴʫʨʴʰ ʻʼʨʲʹ ˄ʿʨʲˀʰ ʪʬʳʵʯʰ ˀʬʰ˂ʴʵʩʹ,
ʹˆʭʨʴʰ ʱʰ ʻʮʬʴʨʬʹʹ ˆʵʺʩʨʹ ʨʹˆʨʳʬʴ, ʸʨʱʰ ˄ʿʻʸʭʰʲʰʹ ʳʵʹʨʱʲʨʭʨʫ ʪʻʲʻˆʭʨʫ
ʪʭʰ˄ʿʨʲʵʩʨ ʪʬʳʸʰʬʲʰ ˄ʿʨʲʰ. ʬʹ ʻʱʭʬ ʻʮʬʴʨʬʹʰʹʨʫʳʰ ʶʸʨʽʺʰʱʻʲʰ ʳʰʫʪʵʳʨʨ.
ʨʳ ˀʬʳʯˆʭʬʭʨˀʰ ʨʸ ʨʸʹʬʩʵʩʹ ˀʬʻʯʨʴˆʳʬʩʲʵʩʨ ʶʰʸʵʭʴʻʲʵʩʨʹʨ ʫʨ ʻʶʰʸʵʭʴʵʩʨʹ
ˀʵʸʰʹ. ʭʰʴ˂ ʰ˂ʴʵʩʹ ʾʳʬʸʯʰʹ ˃ʨʲʳʵʹʰʲʬʩʨʹ, ʰʹʰ˂ ʰ˂ʰʹ, ʸʵʳ ʻʶʰʸʵʭʴʵ ʯʻ
ʶʰʸʵʭʴʻʲʰ ʬʸʯʫʸʵʻʲʨʫ, ʯʨʴˆʳʰʬʸʨʫ ʪʭˆʭʫʬʩʨ ʿʭʬʲʨʼʬʸˀʰ. ʨʳʰʺʵʳ ˀʬʽʳʴʨ
ʻʼʨʲʳʨ ˁʨʰʺʨʴʰʨʳ ʯʨʭʰʹʰ ʨʳʨʾʲʬʩʻʲʰ ʳʵ˃ʾʭʸʬʩʨ: ʨˁʰʴʺʰʨ-ʩˈʬʫʨ ʫʨ ʨʩˈʬʫʨʺʨʺʺʭʨ, ʨʴʻ ʬʸʯʫʸʵʻʲʰ ʬʸʯʰʨʴʵʩʨ ʫʨ ʪʨʴʹˆʭʨʭʬʩʨ.
ʳʮʰʹʨ ʫʨ ʳʯʭʨʸʰʹ ˀʻʽʰʹ ʹʨʯʨʭʬ˂ ʩʸʨˈʳʨˇʰʵʺʰʨ, ʸʵʳʬʲʰ˂ ʻʼʲʰʹ ʻʶʰʸʵʭʴʵ ˂ʰʨʲʹ
˄ʨʸʳʵʨʫʪʬʴʹ. ʶʸʨʴʨʭʨ, ʨʴʻ ʺʸʨʴʹ˂ʬʴʫʬʴʺʻʸʰ ʩʪʬʸʨ ʵʳʱʨʸʨ, ʸʵʳʲʰʯʨ˂ ʿʭʬʲʨ
ʭʬʫʻʸʰ ˈʰʳʴʰ ʰ˄ʿʬʩʨ, ʻʮʬʴʨʬʹʰ ʻʼʲʰʹʨʫʳʰ ʨʾʭʲʬʴʰʲʰ ʲʵ˂ʭʨʨ. ʭʰʴʨʰʫʨʴ
ʰʳʶʬʸʹʵʴʨʲʰʹʺʬʩʹ ʻʮʬʴʨʬʹʰʹʨʫʳʰ ʳʰʹʰ ʻʸʰ˂ˆʭʰ ʹʨˆʬʲʰʯ ʳʰʳʨʸʯʭʰʹ ʬʸʰʫʬʩʨʯ,
ʻʸˁʬʭʴʰʨʯ ʹʻʲʰʬʸʬʩʰʯ ʫʨʺʭʰʸʯʻʲʰ ʩʪʬʸʰʹ _ ʵʳʱʨʸʨʹ ʱʬʯʰʲˆʳʵʭʨʴʬʩʨ
ʪʨʳʵʰʿʬʴʵʴ.
ʵʳʱʨʸʨ ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ ʩʪʬʸʰʯʰ ʪʨʴʹʨˆʬʩʨʨ. ʳʰʹʰ ˂ʴʵʩʰʬʸʬʩʨ ʿʭʬʲʨʼʬʸʹ ʳʵʰ˂ʨʭʹ ʫʨ ʰʹ, ʭʰʴ˂
ʻʼʲʰʹ ˂ʴʵʩʰʬʸʬʩʨʹ ʬʮʰʨʸʨ, ʩʬʫʴʰʬʸʰʨ. ʻʼʲʰʹ ʻʳʬ˂ʨʸʰ ʱʰ ʳʨʺʬʸʰʰʹʳʰʬʸʰ
ʰʲʻʮʰʬʩʰʹ ʳʵʴʨʫ ʽ˂ʬʻʲʨ.
ʨʳʸʰʪʨʫ, ˂ʵʫʴʨ ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ ˀʬʹʨˆʬʩ ʯʨʭʰʹʯʨʭʨʫ ʪʨʴʯʨʭʰʹʻʼʲʬʩʨʨ, ʨʸ˂ʵʫʴʨ _ ʺʿʭʬʵʩʨ.
ʲʬʽʹʰ 9

8

Tavi meSvide _ uzenaesis Secnoba

ʳʬ ʭʨʸ ʳʰ˄ʰʹ ʶʰʸʭʬʲʿʵʼʰʲʰ ʹʻʸʴʬʲʰ, ʭʨʸ ʹʰʯʩʵ ˂ʬ˂ʲʰʹʨ. ʳʬ ʭʨʸ ʹʰ˂ʵ˂ˆʲʬ
ʿʵʭʬʲʰ ʹʰ˂ʵ˂ˆʲʰʹʨ, ʭʨʸ ʨʹʱʬʺʵʩʨ (ʪʨʴʱʰʯˆʭʨ) ʿʭʬʲʨ ʳ˄ʰʸʰʹʨ.
ˀʰʴʨ-ʨʸʹʰ. ʶʻʴʰʨ ʴʰˀʴʨʭʹ ʰʳʨʹ, ʸʨ˂ ʻˆʸ˄ʴʬʲʰʨ. ʶʻʴʰʨ ʨʴʻ ʻˆʸ˄ʴʬʲʵʩʨ
ʶʰʸʭʬʲʴʰˀʨʴʰʨ ʾʭʯʰʻʸʵʩʰʹʨ.
ʳʨʺʬʸʰʨʲʻʸ ʹʨʳʿʨʸʵˀʰ ʿʭʬʲʨʼʬʸʹ ʯʨʭʰʹʰ ʴʰˀʴʬʻʲʰ ʪʬʳʵ ʨʴ ʹʻʴʰ ʨʽʭʹ _
ʳʨʪʨʲʰʯʨʫ, ʪʬʳʵ ʫʨ ʹʻʸʴʬʲʰ ʿʭʨʭʰʲʰʹ, ʳʰ˄ʰʹ, ˄ʿʲʰʹ, ˂ʬ˂ˆʲʰʹ, ˈʨʬʸʰʹʨ ʫʨ ʨ.ˀ.
ʨʻʳʾʭʸʬʭʬʲʰ ʶʰʸʭʬʲʹʻʸʴʬʲʰ, ʸʵʳʬʲʰ˂ ʿʭʬʲʨʼʬʸʹ ʨˆʲʨʭʹ ʫʨʹʨʩʨʳʰʬʸ ʴʰˀʴʨʫ,
ʱʸʰˀʴʨʨ.
ʿʭʬʲʨʼʬʸʹ ʪʨʸʱʭʬʻʲʰ ʯʨʴʫʨʿʵʰʲʰ ʪʬʳʵ ʨʽʭʹ, ʸʰʹʰ ˀʬ˂ʭʲʨ ˀʬʰ˃ʲʬʩʨ ʽʰʳʰʻʸʰ
ʴʰʭʯʰʬʸʬʩʬʩʰʹ ˀʬʸʬʭʰʯ. ʳʨʪʸʨʳ ʬʹ ʨʾʨʸ ʰʽʴʬʩʨ ʶʰʸʭʬʲʽʳʴʰʲʰ, ʻʼʲʰʹʳʰʬʸʰ
ʹʻʸʴʬʲʰ ʫʨ ʪʬʳʵ.
ʭʰʩˈʨʭʨʹʻ ʴʰˀʴʨʭʹ ˂ʬ˂ˆʲʹ, ʸʵʳʲʰʹ ʪʨʸʬˀʬ ʭʬʸ ʰʨʸʹʬʩʬʩʹ ʨʫʨʳʰʨʴʰ, ʭʬʸ ʰʳʻˀʨʭʬʩʬʴ
ʽʨʸˆʴʬʩʰ... ʬʹ ˂ʬ˂ˆʲʰ˂ ʱʸʰˀʴʨʨ!.. ˂ʬ˂ˆʲʰʹʳʰʬʸʰ ʹʰʯʩʵ˂ ʱʸʰˀʴʨʨ!..
ʭʬʫʻʸʰ ʳʬʫʰ˂ʰʴʰʹ ʯʨʴʨˆʳʨʫ, ʱʻ˅ʰʹ ʳʵʻʴʬʲʬʩʲʵʩʰʹ ʳʰʮʬʮʹ ʳʻ˂ʬʲˀʰ
ʺʬʳʶʬʸʨʺʻʸʰʹʫʨ˂ʬʳʨ ˄ʨʸʳʵʨʫʪʬʴʹ _ ʳʨˀ, ʹʨ˅ʳʲʰʹ ʳʵʴʬʲʬʩʰʹʯʭʰʹʨ˂ ˂ʬ˂ˆʲʰ
ʿʵʼʰʲʨ ʹʨ˅ʰʸʵ. ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ ˂ʴʵʩʰʬʸʬʩʰʫʨʴ ʭʰ˂ʰʯ, ʸʵʳ ʳʰ˄ʨ, ˄ʿʨʲʰ, ˂ʬ˂ˆʲʰ, ˈʨʬʸʰ,
ʿʭʬʲʨ ʽʰʳʰʻʸʰ ʴʨʬʸʯʰ ʫʨ ʿʵʭʬʲʰ ʳʨʺʬʸʰʨʲʻʸʰ ʬʲʬʳʬʴʺʰ ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ ʳʰʮʬʮʰʯ
ʨʸʹʬʩʵʩʹ. ʹʰ˂ʵ˂ˆʲʬ ʫʨ ʳʰʹʰ ˆʨʴʪʸ˃ʲʰʵʩʨ˂ ʳʰʹ ˄ʿʨʲʵʩʨʮʬʨ ʫʨʳʵʱʰʫʬʩʻʲʰ.
ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ ˂ʴʵʩʰʬʸʬʩʨ ʳʯʬʲ ʱʵʹʳʰʻʸ ʹʨʳʿʨʸʵʹ ʳʵʰ˂ʨʭʹ, ʸʵʪʵʸ˂ ʶʰʸʭʬʲʰ ˂ʬ˂ˆʲʰ,
ʹʻʸʴʬʲʰ, ʪʬʳʵ ʫʨ ʨ.ˀ.
ʲʬʽʹʰ 10
ʵ, ʶʸʰʯˈʨʹ ˀʭʰʲʵ, ʿʻʸʨʫ ʰʾʬ _ ʳʬ ʭʨʸ ʿʵʭʬʲʰ ʨʸʹʰʹ, ʨʸʹʬʩʵʩʰʹ ʶʰʸʭʬʲˀʬʳʵʽʳʬʫʰ
ʯʬʹʲʰ, ʪʵʴʰʬʸʯʨ ʹʰʩʸ˃ʴʬ ʫʨ ˃ʲʬʭʨʳʵʹʰʲʯʨ ʹʰʳʨʳʨ˂ʬ.
ˀʰʴʨ-ʨʸʹʰ. ʩʰˇʨʳ ʴʰˀʴʨʭʹ ʯʬʹʲʹ, ʫʭʸʰʺʨʹ. ʱʸʰˀʴʨ ʯʬʹʲʰʨ ʿʵʭʬʲʰ ʨʸʹʬʩʵʩʰʹ
ʨʾʳʵ˂ʬʴʬʩʰʹʨ. ˂ʵ˂ˆʨʲʰ ʨʸʹʬʩʨ ʵʸʪʭʨʸʰʨ _ ʻ˃ʸʨʭʰ ʫʨ ʳʵ˃ʸʨʭʰ. ʼʸʰʴʭʬʲʰ, ˂ˆʵʭʬʲʰ,
ʨʫʨʳʰʨʴʰ, ʳ˄ʬʸʰ... ʳʵ˃ʸʨʭʴʰ ʨʸʰʨʴ, ˆʬ, ʩʨʲʨˆʰ, _ ʹʨʬʸʯʵʫ ʳ˂ʬʴʨʸʬʬʩʰ, ʻ˃ʸʨʭʴʰ, ʸʨʱʰ
ʳʨʯ ʪʨʫʨʨʫʪʰʲʬʩʨ ʨʸ ˀʬʻ˃ʲʰʨʯ. ʿʵʭʬʲʰ ʨʸʹʬʩʨ _ ʳʵ˃ʸʨʭʰ˂ ʫʨ ʻ˃ʸʨʭʰ˂ ʹʰ˂ʵ˂ˆʲʰʹ 8,400,000 ʹʨˆʬʵʩʰʹ ʸʱʨʲˀʰʨ ʳʵʽ˂ʬʻʲʰ ʫʨ ʳʨʯʰ ʫʭʸʰʺʨ ʱʸʰˀʴʨʨ.
ʸʵʪʵʸ˂ ʭʬʫʻʸ ˄ʬʸʰʲʬʩˀʰʨ ʴʨʯʽʭʨʳʰ, ʩʸʨˈʳʨʴʰ, ʨʴʻ ʻʮʬʴʨʬʹʰ ˅ʬˀʳʨʸʰʺʬʩʨ ʨʸʰʹ ʰʹ,
ʭʰʹ ʯʬʹʲʮʬ˂ ʨʾʳʵʰʮʨʸʫʨ ʹʨʳʿʨʸʵʹʬʻʲʰ ʨʸʹʬʩʵʩʨ. ʱʸʰˀʴʨ ʶʨʸʨʩʸʨˈʳʨʴʰʨ,
ʻʳʨʾʲʬʹʰ ʹʻʲʰ. ʩʸʨˈʳʨʴʰ ʻʶʰʸʵʭʴʵʨ, ʶʨʸʨʩʸʨˈʳʨʴʰ _ ʻʮʬʴʨʬʹʰ ʶʰʸʵʭʴʬʩʨ.
ʻʶʰʸʵʭʴʵ ʩʸʨˈʳʨʴʰ ʶʨʸʨʩʸʨˈʳʨʴʰʹ ʶʰʸʵʭʴʻʲʰ ʨʹʶʬʽʺʰʹ ʴʨ˄ʰʲʰʨ _ ʬʹ
ʫʨʫʨʹʺʻʸʬʩʻʲʰʨ "ʩˈʨʪʨʭʨʫ-ʪʰʺʨˀʰ".
ʸʵʪʵʸ˂ ʼʬʹʭʰ ʨʹʻʲʫʪʳʻʲʬʩʹ ˆʬʹ, ʱʸʰˀʴʨ˂ ʨʹʬ ˀʯʨʩʬʸʨʭʹ ʹʰ˂ʵ˂ˆʲʬʹ ʳʯʬʲ
ʳʨʺʬʸʰʨʲʻʸ ʨʸʹʬʩʵʩʨʹ. ʬʹ ʨʹʬʨ ʨˆʹʴʰʲʰ ʭʬʫʻʸ ˄ʬʸʰʲʬʩˀʰ ("ʱʨʯˈʨ ʻʶʨʴʰˀʨʫʰ"
2.2.13):

9

Tavi meSvide _ uzenaesis Secnoba

"ʻʼʨʲʰʨ ʳʨʸʨʫʰʻʲʯʨ ˀʵʸʰʹ ʨʾʳʨʺʬʩʻʲʰ ʳʨʸʨʫʰʹʵʩʨ, ʻʳʨʾʲʬʹʰʨ, ʹʰ˂ʵ˂ˆʲʬʨ
ʿʵʭʬʲ ˂ʵ˂ˆʨʲʹ ˀʵʸʰʹ. ʰʹ ʳʱʭʬʩʨʭʰ ˄ʿʨʸʵʨ ʿʵʭʬʲʰ ʹʰ˂ʵ˂ˆʲʰʹʨ. ˀʬʻ˃ʲʬʩʬʲʰʨ
ʯʭʰʴʰʬʸ ʪʵʴʬʩʰʹʨ ʸʨʰʳʬʹ ʪʨʱʬʯʬʩʨ ʫʨ ʨʳ ʪʵʴʬʩʨʹʸʻʲʵʩʰʹ ʼʬʹʭʰ˂ ʹ˄ʵʸʬʫ ʱʸʰˀʴʨʨ.
ʻʳʬ˂ʨʸʰ ʻ˃ʲʻʸʰʨ ʪʨʰʪʵʹ ʿʵʭʬʲʰʭʬ ʬʹ ʫʨ ˀʬʰ˂ʴʵʹ ʻʮʬʴʨʬʹʰ ʾʳʸʯʨʬʩʸʰʭʰ
ʶʰʸʵʭʴʬʩʨ - ʱʸʰˀʴʨ."
ʲʬʽʹʰ 11
ʳʬ ʭʨʸ ˃ʨʲʰ ʭʴʬʩʰʹʨ ʫʨ ʪʻʲʰʹʯʽʳʰʹ ʫʨʳʯʸʪʻʴʭʬʲ ˃ʨʲʳʵʹʰʲʯʨ, ʳʫʬʫʸʰʹʨ ʫʨ
ʳʨʳʸʰʹ ˆʵʸ˂ʰʬʲʰ ˀʬ˄ʿʭʰʲʬʩʰʹʨ, ʸʨ˂ ʹʨʸ˄ʳʻʴʵʬʩʸʰʭ ʳʵʯˆʵʭʴʨʹ ʨʸ ˀʬʩʾʨʲʨʭʹ, ʵ,
ʩˈʨʸʨʺʨʯʨ ʳʬʻʼʬʭ.
ˀʰʴʨ-ʨʸʹʰ. ˃ʲʰʬʸʳʨ ʯʨʭʰʹʰ ˃ʨʲʨ ʹʻʹʺʰʹ ʫʨʹʨ˂ʨʭʨʫ ʻʴʫʨ ʪʨʳʵʰʿʬʴʵʹ ʫʨ ʨʸʨ
ʫʨʹʨˁʨʪʸʨʭʨʫ. ʨʹʬʭʬ ʳʨʳʸʰʹ ʫʨ ʳʫʬʫʸʰʹ ˆʵʸ˂ʰʬʲʰ ʯʨʴʨʿʵʼʨ, ʹʨʸ˄ʳʻʴʵʬʩʸʰʭʰ
ʳʵʯˆʵʭʴʰʹ ʫʨ˂ʭʰʯ, ʨʻ˂ʰʲʬʩʬʲʰʨ ʪʨʳʸʨʭʲʬʩʰʹʨʯʭʰʹ ʫʨ ʨʸʨ ʽʭʬʴʨ
ʹʰʨʳʵʭʴʬʩʰʹʨʯʭʰʹ. ʳˀʵʩʲʬʩʰʹ ʭʨʲʰʨ, ʯʨʭʰʨʴʯ ˀʯʨʳʵʳʨʭʲʬʩʹ ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ ˂ʴʵʩʰʬʸʬʩʰʹ
ʰʴʺʬʸʬʹʰ ʪʨʻʾʭʰʭʵʴ.
ʲʬʽʹʰ 12
ʰ˂ʵʫʬ, ˁʬʳʳʰʬʸʰʨ ʿʵʭʬʲʰ ʪʨʳʵʭʲʰʴʬʩʨ ʹʨʯʴʵʬʩʰʹ, ʭʴʬʩʰʹʨ ʯʻ ʻʳʬ˂ʸʬʩʰʹ ʸʱʨʲˀʰ.
ʳʬ ʱʰ ʨʸ ʭʳʵʸˁʰʲʬʩ ʳʨʺʬʸʰʨʲʻʸʰ ʩʻʴʬʩʰʹ ʳʵʫʻʹʬʩʹ, ʨʸʨʳʬʫ ʰʹʰʴʰ ʨʸʰʨʴ ˁʬʳˀʰ ʫʨ
ʳʬʳʳʵʸˁʰʲʬʩʬʴ. ʳʬ ʭʨʸ ʿʭʬʲʨʼʬʸˀʰ ʫʨ ʿʵʭʲʰʹ ʪʨʸʬʯ ʬʸʯʫʸʵʻʲʨʫ.
ˀʰʴʨ-ʨʸʹʰ. ʨʳʽʭʬʿʴʨʫ ʿʵʭʬʲʪʭʨʸʰ ʳʨʺʬʸʰʨʲʻʸʰ ʹʨʽʳʰʨʴʵʩʨ ʩʻʴʬʩʰʹ ʹʨʳʰ ʳʵʫʻʹʰʹ
(ʪʻʴʨʹ) ʪʨʭʲʬʴʰʹ ʽʭʬˀ ʹʸʻʲʫʬʩʨ. ʬʹ ʪʻʴʬʩʰ ʻʮʬʴʨʬʹʰʹʨʪʨʴ ʳʵʳʫʰʴʨʸʬʵʩʹ. ʳʨʪʸʨʳ
ʯʨʭʨʫ ʻʮʬʴʨʬʹʰ ʨʸ ʬʽʭʬʳʫʬʩʨʸʬʩʨ ʳʨʯ ʴʬʩʨʹ. ʳʨʪʨʲʰʯʨʫ, ʹʨˆʬʲʳ˄ʰʼʵ ʱʨʴʵʴʰʯ
ʰʹˇʬʩʨ ʫʨʳʴʨˀʨʭʬ, ʳʨʪʸʨʳ ʳʬʼʬ, ʸʵʪʵʸ˂ ʱʨʴʵʴʳʫʬʩʬʲʰ, ʨʸ ʬʽʭʬʳʫʬʩʨʸʬʩʨ ʳʰʹ ʪʨʴʨˁʬʴʹ
- ʰʪʰ ʱʨʴʵʴʮʬ ʳʨʾʲʨʨ. ʹ˄ʵʸʬʫ ʨʹʬʭʬ, ʳʨʺʬʸʰʨʲʻʸʰ ʩʻʴʬʩʰʹ ʹʨʳʰʭʬ ʪʻʴʨ: ʹʨʯʴʵʬʩʨ,
ʭʴʬʩʨ ʫʨ ʻʳʬ˂ʸʬʩʨ ʻʮʬʴʨʬʹʰʹ ʬʴʬʸʪʰʰʹ ʴʨʿʵʼʰʨ, ʯʻʳ˂ʨ ʳʨʹ _ ʨʩʹʵʲʻʺʻʸ
ʳʯʲʰʨʴʵʩʨʹ
- ʳʨʺʬʸʰʰʹʳʰʬʸʰ ʭʬʸʨʼʬʸʰ ʭʬʸ ˀʬʬˆʬʩʨ.
ʱʸʰˀʴʨ ʨʸʰʹ ʴʰʸʪʻʴʨ, ʸʨ˂ ʰʳʨʹ ʴʰˀʴʨʭʹ, ʸʵʳ ʯʨʭʨʫ ʹʨʯʨʭʬʨ ʨʾʴʰˀʴʻʲʰ ʹʨʳʰ ʪʻʴʨʹʰ,
ʳʨʰʴ˂ ʳʨʯʪʨʴ ˆʬʲˀʬʻˆʬʩʬʲʰʨ _ ʳʰʹ ʾʭʯʰʻʸ ʿʵʼʨʮʬ ʪʨʭʲʬʴʨʹ ʭʬʸ ʨˆʫʬʴʹ ʭʬʸ˂
ʹʨʯʴʵʬʩʰʹ, ʭʬʸ˂ ʭʴʬʩʰʹʨ ʫʨ ʭʬʸ˂ ʻʳʬ˂ʸʬʩʰʹ ʩʻʴʬʩʨ. ʬʹ ʨʸʰʹ ʩˈʨʪʨʭʨʴʰʹ, ʨʴʻ ʻʮʬʴʨʬʹʰ
ʾʳʸʯʨʬʩʸʰʭʰ ʶʰʸʵʭʴʬʩʰʹ ʪʨʳʵʸˁʬʻʲʵʩʰʹ ʬʸʯ-ʬʸʯʰ ʴʰˀʨʴʰ.
ʲʬʽʹʰ 13
ʹʨʯʴʵʬʩʰʹ, ʭʴʬʩʰʹʨ ʫʨ ʻʳʬ˂ʸʬʩʰʹ ʪʨʭʲʬʴʰʯ ʳʵˇʨʫʵʬʩʻʲ ʳʯʬʲ ʹʨʳʿʨʸʵʹ ʨʾʨʸ
˃ʨʲʻ˃ʹ, ˀʬʳʰ˂ʴʵʹ ʳʬ _ ʿʵʭʬʲʰʭʬʮʬ, ʯʭʰʯ ʨʳ ʹʨʳ ʪʻʴʨʮʬ, ʳʨʾʲʨ ʳʿʵʼʰ ʫʨ
ʫʨʻˀʸʬʺʬʲʰ.
ˀʰʴʨ-ʨʸʹʰ. ʳʯʬʲʰ ʹʨʳʿʨʸʵ ʳʨʺʬʸʰʨʲʻʸʰ ʩʻʴʬʩʰʹ ʹʨʳʰ ʪʻʴʨʯʰ ʨʸʰʹ ʯʨʭʪʮʨʨʩʴʬʻʲʰ
ʫʨ ˄ʨʸʯʳʬʭʰʨ ʻʴʨʸʰ, ʨʳ ʳʰ˄ʰʬʸʬʩʰʹ ʳʰʾʳʨ ʫʨʰʴʨˆʵʹ ʻʼʲʰʹ ʹʻʼʬʭʨ.
ʳʨʺʬʸʰʨʲʻʸʰ ʩʻʴʬʩʰʹ ˃ʨʲʰʯ ˂ʵ˂ˆʨʲ ʨʸʹʬʩʨʹ ʪʨʸʱʭʬʻʲʰ ʹʨˆʰʹ ʹˆʬʻʲʰ ʨʽʭʹ
ˀʬʳʵʪʨʸʹʻʲʰ ʫʨ ˀʬʹʨʩʨʳʰʹʨʫ ʨʳʰʹʨ ʼʹʰʽʵʲʵʪʰʻʸʰ ʯʻ ʼʰʮʰʵʲʵʪʰʻʸʰ ʯʭʰʹʬʩʬʩʰ

10

Tavi meSvide _ uzenaesis Secnoba

ʨˆʨʹʰʨʯʬʩʹ. ʨʳ ʴʰˀʨʴ-ʯʭʰʹʬʩʨʯʨ ʹʨʼʻ˃ʭʬʲʮʬ ˁʨʳʵʿʨʲʰʩʫʨ ʵʯˆʰ ˇʪʻʼʰ
ʨʫʨʳʰʨʴʬʩʰʹʨ: ʶʰʸʭʬʲʯ, ʹʸʻʲʨʫ ʹʨʯʴʵʬʩʰʹ ʪʻʴʨʹ ʫʨʳʵʸˁʰʲʬʩʻʲʯ, ʩʸʨˈʳʨʴʬʩʰ
ʬ˄ʵʫʬʩʨʯ; ʰʹʰʴʰ, ʭʰʴ˂ ʭʴʬʩʰʹ ʳʵʸˁʰʲʴʰ ʨʸʰʨʴ, ʱˀʨʺʸʰʬʩʨʫ ʰˆʹʬʴʰʬʩʰʨʴ; ʭʴʬʩʰʹʨ ʫʨ
ʻʳʬ˂ʸʬʩʰʹ ʳʹˆʭʬʸʶʲʯ ʭʨʰˀʰʬʩʰ ˈʽʭʰʨʯ, ˆʵʲʵ ʹʸʻʲʨʫ ʻʳʬ˂ʨʸʯ ˀʻʫʸʬʩʹ ʬ˃ʨˆʰʨʴ.
ʳʨʯʮʬ ʫʨʩʲʨ ˂ˆʵʭʬʲʯʨ ʹʨˆʬʵʩʬʩˀʰ, ˂ˆʵʭʬʲʯʨ ʹˆʬʻʲʬʩˀʰ ʫʨʩʨʫʬʩʻʲʴʰ ʫʪʨʴʨʴ.
ʬʸʯʰ ʫʨ ʰʪʰʭʬ ʶʰʸʵʭʴʬʩʨ ˀʬʰ˃ʲʬʩʨ ʰʿʵʹ ʩʸʨˈʳʨʴʰ˂ ʫʨ ʱˀʨʺʸʰʨ˂, ʱˀʨʺʸʰʨ˂ʨ ʫʨ
ʭʨʰˀʰʨ˂... ˂ˆʵʭʸʬʩʨ ʳʰʳʵʽ˂ʬʭʨʫʰʨ ʫʨ ˄ʨʸʳʨʭʨʲʰ ʫʨ ʨʸʨʭʰʴ ʻ˄ʿʰʹ, ʭʰʴ ʰʽʴʬʩʨ
ʸʵʳʬʲʰʳʬ ʱʨ˂ʰ ʳʵʳʨʭʨʲ ˂ˆʵʭʸʬʩʨˀʰ.
ʨʳ ˄ʨʸʳʵʹʨˆʭʰʯʰ ʬʴʬʸʪʰʰʯ ʳʵˇʨʫʵʬʩʻʲʴʰ ʳˆʵʲʵʫ ʹˆʬʻʲʰʹ ʳʰˆʬʫʭʰʯ ʪʨʴʭʹˇʰʯ
ʹʨʱʻʯʨʸ ʯʨʭʹʨ˂ ʫʨ ʳʵʳʨʭʨʲʹʨ˂. ʰʲʻʮʰʨ ʪʭʨʩʸʳʨʭʬʩʹ ʫʨ ʪʭʪʵʴʰʨ _ ˁʭʬʴ ʭʨʸʯ
ʨʳʬʸʰʱʬʲʬʩʰ, ʯʽʭʬʴ _ ʰʴʪʲʰʹʬʲʬʩʰ; ˁʭʬʴ ʩʸʨˈʳʨʴʬʩʰ ʭʨʸʯ, ʰʹʰʴʰ _ ʰʴʫʻʹʬʩʰ,
ʳʻʹʻʲʳʨʴʬʩʰ ʫʨ ʨ.ˀ. ʨʹʬ ʭʨʳʺʱʰ˂ʬʩʯ ʸʨʾʨ˂ʨʹ ʫʨ ʯʨʴʫʨʯʨʴ ʭʰˆʲʨʸʯʬʩʰʯ
ʳʨʺʬʸʰʨʲʻʸʰ ʩʻʴʬʩʰʹ ʪʻʴʨʯʨ ʩʨʫʬˀʰ. ʸʨ˂ ʿʭʬʲʨʮʬ ʫʰʫʰ ʻʩʬʫʻʸʬʩʨʨ, ʪʭʬʸʯʳʬʭʨ
ʹʻʲʰʬʸʬʩʰʹ ʯʭʨʲʰʹˁʰʴʰ, ʸʨʯʨ ʫʨʭʰʴʨˆʵʯ ʻʮʬʴʨʬʹʰ ʾʳʸʯʨʬʩʸʰʭʰ ʶʰʸʵʭʴʬʩʨ _
ʿʵʭʬʲʯʨ ʮʬʫʨ ʨʾʳʨʺʬʩʻʲʰ.
ʨʳʸʰʪʨʫ, ʻʼʨʲʰ ʩʸ˃ʨʴʬʩʹ, ʸʵʳ ʩʻʴʬʩʰʹ ʨʳ ʹʨʳʰ ʪʻʴʨʹ ʩʻʸʻʹˀʰ ʳʵˆʬʺʰʨʲʬ
ʨʫʨʳʰʨʴʬʩʹ ʨʸ ʬʹʳʰʯ, ʸʵʳ ʸʨ˂ ʳʨʺʬʸʰʨʲʻʸʰʨ _ ʰʪʰ ʳˆʵʲʵʫ ˆʰʲʭʨʫʰ ʼʵʴʰʨ,
ʸʵʳʲʰʹ ʻʱʨʴ ʨʸʨ ʯʭʨʲʰʯ, ʨʸʨʳʬʫ ʪʵʴʬʩʰʯ ʫʨʹʨʴʨˆʨʭʰ ʻʮʬʴʨʬʹʰ ʶʰʸʵʭʴʬʩʨ ʫʪʨʹ.
ʳʸʨʭʨʲʹʨˆʵʭʨʴʰʨ ʹʰ˂ʵ˂ˆʲʬ. ʨʫʨʳʰʨʴʬʩʰ, ʴʨˆʬʭʨʸʾʳʬʸʯʬʩʰ, ˂ˆʵʭʬʲʬʩʰ... ʿʭʬʲʨ
ʬʸʯʩʨˀʨʫ ʳʰ˄ʰʬʸ ʩʻʴʬʩʨʹ ʫʨʳʵʴʬʩʰʨʴ ʫʨ ʫʨʩʰʴʫʻʲʰʨ ʳʨʯʰ ʳʨˆʹʵʭʸʵʩʨ _
ʫʨʭʰ˄ʿʬʩʰʨʯ ʾʳʬʸʯʰ. ʭʴʬʩʰʹʨ ʫʨ ʻʳʬ˂ʸʬʩʰʹ ʺʿʭʬʴʰ ʫʨ ʰʹʰʴʰ˂ ʱʰ, ʭʰʴ˂ ʹʨʯʴʵʬʩʰʹ
ʳʵʫʻʹˀʰ ʨʸʰʨʴ, ʭʬʸ ʪʨʹ˂ʫʴʬʴ ʨʩʹʵʲʻʺʻʸʰ ˅ʬˀʳʨʸʰʺʬʩʰʹ ʻʶʰʸʵʭʴʵ ʩʸʨˈʳʨʴʨʫ
ʳʰˁʴʬʭʰʹ ʱʵʴ˂ʬʼ˂ʰʨʹ; ʳʨʯʰ ˂ʴʵʩʰʬʸʬʩʨ ʻ˃ʲʻʸʰʨ, ˀʬʰ˂ʴʵʹ ʹʸʻʲʰ ʳˀʭʬʴʰʬʸʬʩʰʯ,
ʹʰʳʫʰʫʸʰʯ, ʹʰʩʸ˃ʴʰʯ, ˃ʨʲʳʵʹʰʲʬʩʰʯ, ʹʨˆʬʲʵʭʴʬʩʰʯʨ ʫʨ ʪʨʴʫʬʪʰʲʵʩʰʹ ʳʨʫʲʰʯ
ʨʾʹʨʭʹʬ ʻʮʬʴʨʬʹʰ ʻʼʲʰʹ ʶʰʸʵʭʴʻʲʰ ʨʹʶʬʽʺʰ. ʯʻ ʬʹ ˅ʬˀʳʨʸʰʺʬʩʨ ʹʨʯʴʵʬʩʰʯ
ʱʻʸʯˆʬʻʲʯ ʭʬʸ ʪʨʻʪʰʨʯ, ʸʨ ʻʴʫʨ ˀʬʰʹʳʰʴʵʴ ʭʴʬʩʰʯʨ ʫʨ ʻʳʬ˂ʸʬʩʰʯ
ʪʵʴʬʩʨʫʨʩʰʴʫʻʲʬʩʳʨ.
ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ ˂ʴʵʩʰʬʸʬʩʨ ʳʨʺʬʸʰʨʲʻʸʰ ʩʻʴʬʩʰʹ ʹʨʳʰʭʬ ʪʻʴʨʹ ʳʰʳʨʸʯ ʺʸʨʴʹ˂ʬʴʫʬʴʺʻʸʰʨ
ʫʨ ʳʰʹʰ ʳʱʭʰʫʸʰ ʳʨʾʰʨʸʬʩʬʲʰ ʪʨʴʯʨʭʰʹʻʼʲʬʩʻʲʰʨ ʨʹʬʯʰ ʫʨʩʴʬʻʲʵʩʰʹʨ ʫʨ
ʼʻ˅ʨʫ ʿʵʼʴʰʹʨʪʨʴ.
ʲʬʽʹʰ 14
ˁʬʳʹ ʾʭʯʨʬʩʸʰʭ ʬʴʬʸʪʰʨˀʰ ˀʬʫʰʹ ʳʨʺʬʸʰʨʲʻʸʰ ʩʻʴʬʩʰʹ ʹʨʳʰ ʪʻʴʨ _ ʬʸʯʵʩ ˃ʴʬʲʰʨ
ʳʰʹʰ ʫʨ˃ʲʬʭʨ. ʳˆʵʲʵʫ ˁʬʳʮʬ ʳʵʴʫʵʩʰʲʯ ˀʬʻ˃ʲʰʨʯ ʳʰʹʰ ʪʨʫʨʲʨˆʭʨ.
ˀʰʴʨ-ʨʸʹʰ. ʻʮʬʴʨʬʹʰ ʾʳʸʯʨʬʩʸʰʭʰ ʶʰʸʵʭʴʬʩʨ ʻʨʳʸʨʭ ʬʴʬʸʪʰʨʯʨ ʳʶʿʸʵʩʬʲʰʨ.
˂ʵ˂ˆʨʲʰ ʨʸʹʬʩʬʩʰ ʳʰʹʰ ʬʸʯ-ʬʸʯʰ ʬʴʬʸʪʰʰʹ ʶʰʸʳˀʵʴʰ ʨʸʰʨʴ. ʨʳʰʺʵʳ ʳʨʯ ʬʸʯʪʭʨʸʰ
ʾʭʯʨʬʩʸʰʭʰ˂ ʱʻʸʯˆʬʭʨ˂ ʳʵˈʳʨʫʲʨ ʨʸʹʯʨ ʪʨʳʸʰʪʬʳ, ʳʨʪʸʨʳ ʳʨʺʬʸʰʨʲʻʸ
ʬʴʬʸʪʰʨʹʯʨʴ ʳʻʫʳʰʭʰ ʻʸʯʰʬʸʯʵʩʰʹ ʪʨʳʵ ʳʨʯʰ ʯʨʭʫʨʶʰʸʭʬʲʰ ʻʳʨʾʲʬʹʰ ˃ʨʲʨ
ʩʻʸʻʹʳʨ ʫʨʩʰʴʫʨ, ʫʨʨˁʲʻʴʪʨ ʫʨ ʭʬʾʨʸ ʨˆʬʸˆʬʩʬʴ ʳʰ˄ʰʬʸ ʹʨʶʿʸʵʩʰʲʬʹ ʫʨʨʾ˄ʰʵʴ
ʯʨʭʰ.

11

Tavi meSvide _ uzenaesis Secnoba

ʸʵʪʵʸ˂ ʰʯʽʭʨ, ʳʨʺʬʸʰʨʲʻʸʰ˂ ʫʨ ʹʻʲʰʬʸʰ ʩʻʴʬʩʨ˂ ʳʨʸʨʫʰʻʲʰʨ, ʭʰʴʨʰʫʨʴ ʵʸʰʭʬ
ʻʮʬʴʨʬʹʰ ʶʰʸʵʭʴʬʩʰʹʨʪʨʴ ʰʾʬʩʹ ʹʨʯʨʭʬʹ. ˂ʵ˂ˆʨʲʰ ʨʸʹʬʩʨʴʰ˂ ʻʼʲʰʹ ʳʨʸʨʫʰʻʲʰ
ʩʻʴʬʩʰʹ ˀʭʰʲʬʩʰ ʨʸʰʨʴ, ʳʨʪʸʨʳ ʸʨʱʰ ʳʫʨʩʨʲ ʳʰ˄ʰʬʸ ʿʵʼʰʬʸʬʩʨˀʰ ʳʵˆʭʫʴʬʴ, ʴʰʨʫʨʪ
ʰʲʻʮʰʰʹ ʺʿʭʬʫʽʳʴʰʲʴʰ ʨʸʰʨʴ.
ʪʨʴʶʰʸʵʩʬʩʻʲ ʹʻʲʹ ʴʰʺʰʨ-ʩʨʫˈʨ, ʨʴʻ ʳʨʸʨʫʰʻʲʨʫ ʪʨʴʶʰʸʵʩʬʩʻʲʰ ˈʽʭʰʨ.
ˀʬʻ˃ʲʬʩʬʲʰʨ ʰʳʰʹ ʫʨʫʪʬʴʨ, ˄ʨʸʹʻʲˀʰ ʸʵʫʰʹ ʫʨ ʸʨ ʶʰʸʵʩʬʩˀʰ ʨʹ˂ʫʨ ʰʪʰ
ʹʻʲʰʬʸʬʩʰʹ ʪʮʨʹ ʫʨ ʪʨˆʫʨ ʪʨʴʶʰʸʵʩʬʩʻʲʰ. ʨʳʰʺʵʳʨ˂ ˃ʨʲʮʬ ˃ʴʬʲʰʨ ʳʰʹʰ ˆʹʴʨ ʨʳ
ʳʨʸ˄ʻˆʬʩʰʫʨʴ, ʯʻʳ˂ʨ ʨʳ ʺʿʭʬʵʩʰʹ ʳʱʭʬʩʨʭʰ ˃ʨʲʨ ʳʨʺʬʸʰʨʲʻʸʰ ʩʻʴʬʩʰʹ ʻʳʫʨʩʲʬʹʰ
ʬʴʬʸʪʰʨʨ. ʸʨʱʰ ʨʳ ʳʨʺʬʸʰʨʲʻʸ ʬʴʬʸʪʰʨʹʨ˂ ʻʳʨʾʲʬʹʰ ʴʬʩʨ ʳʨʸʯʨʭʹ, ʳʰʹʰ ˃ʲʬʭʨ
˂ʵ˂ˆʨʲ ʨʸʹʬʩʨʹ ʨʸ ˀʬʻ˃ʲʰʨ.
ʨʽ ʳʨʺʬʸʰʨʲʻʸʰ ʻʳʫʨʩʲʬʹʰ ʬʴʬʸʪʰʨ ʪʨʴʹʨʮʾʭʸʻʲʰʨ, ʸʵʪʵʸ˂ ʾʭʯʨʬʩʸʰʭʰ ʩʻʴʬʩʰʹ
ʪʨʳʵʭʲʰʴʬʩʨ, ʸʨʫʪʨʴ ʹ˄ʵʸʬʫ ʨʳ ʪʰʪʨʴʺʻʸʰ ʬʴʬʸʪʰʰʹ ʴʬʩʰʯ ʰ˃ʭʸʰʹ ʳʨʺʬʸʰʨʲʻʸʰ
ʹʨʳʿʨʸʵ. ʻʼʲʰʹ ˀʬʻ˂ʴʵʩʬʲʰ ʴʬʩʨ ʫʨ ˃ʨʲʳʵʹʰʲʬʩʨ ʳʨʸʯʨʭʹ ʻʳʫʨʩʲʬʹ ʩʻʴʬʩʨʹʨ˂,
ʳʨʹ ʪʨʻʪʵʴʨʸʰ ˃ʨʲʨ ʨʽʭʹ ˀʬʽʳʴʰʹʨ ʫʨ ʪʨʴʨʫʪʻʸʬʩʰʹʨ ʳʯʬʲ ʱʵʹʳʰʻʸ ʪʨʴʼʬʴʰʲʵʩʨˀʰ.
ʭʬʫʬʩˀʰ ʬʹ ʨʹʬʨ ʫʨʫʨʹʺʻʸʬʩʻʲʰ: ʳʨʰʨʳ ʺʻ ʶʸʨʱʸʰʺʰʳ ʭʰʫʰʨʴ ʳʨʰʴʨʳ ʺʻ ʳʨˈʬˀʭʨʸʨʳ
- "ʯʻʳ˂ʨ ʳʨʰʨ (ʰʲʻʮʰʨ) ˂ʸʻ ʫʨ ˄ʨʸʳʨʭʨʲʰʨ, ʳʰʹ ʻʱʨʴ ʫʪʨʹ ʻʫʰʫʬʹʰ
ʹʨʹ˄ʨʻʲʳʵʽʳʬʫʰ ʾʭʯʨʬʩʸʰʭʰ ʶʰʸʵʭʴʬʩʨ _ ʳʨˈʬˀʭʨʸʨ _ ʻʳʨʾʲʬʹʰ ʪʨʴʳʪʬʩʬʲʰ"
("ˀʭʬʺʨˀʭʨʺʨʸʨ ʻʶʨʴʰˀʨʫʰ" 4.10).
ʹʰʺʿʭʨ ʪʻʴʨʹ ʬʸʯ-ʬʸʯʰ ʳʴʰˀʭʴʬʲʵʩʨʨ ʯʵʱʰ _ ʨʴʻ ʪʨʴʶʰʸʵʩʬʩʻʲ ʹʻʲʹ ʰʲʻʮʰʨ
ʯʵʱʰʭʰʯ ʩʵ˅ʨʭʹ. ˆʬʲ-ʼʬˆ ˀʬʱʸʻʲʰ ʱʨ˂ʰ ʯʨʭʰʹ ʯʨʭʹ ʭʬʸ ʪʨʰʯʨʭʰʹʻʼʲʬʩʹ, ʳʨʹ
ʳʬʵʸʬ, ʯʨʭʰʹʻʼʲʰʨ ʨʫʨʳʰʨʴʰʹ ʫʨˆʳʨʸʬʩʨ ʹ˅ʰʸʫʬʩʨ. ʯʨʭʨʫ ʯʵʱʰʯ ˀʬʱʸʻʲʹ ʱʰ ʨʸ˂
ʯʨʭʰʹʰ ʫʨ ʨʸ˂ ʹˆʭʰʹ ʪʨʳʵˆʹʴʰʹ ˃ʨʲʨ ʨʸʨ ʨʽʭʹ. ʳˆʵʲʵʫ ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ ʨʴ ʳʰʹ ˅ʬˀʳʨʸʰʺ
˄ʨʸʳʵʳʨʫʪʬʴʬʲʹ _ ʹʻʲʰʬʸ ʳʵ˃ʾʭʨʸʹ ˀʬʻ˃ʲʰʨ ʪʨʴʶʰʸʵʩʬʩʻʲʰ ʹʻʲʰʹ ʪʨʳʵˆʹʴʨ
ʳʰ˄ʰʬʸʬʩʰʹ ʻ˄ʳʰʴʫʻʸʬʩʨʯʨ ʳʵʸʬʭʰʫʨʴ.
ʬʸʯʪʻʲʰ ʹʨʳʹʨˆʻʸʰ, ʨʴʻ ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ ˂ʴʵʩʰʬʸʬʩʨ ʨʫʨʳʰʨʴʹ ʪʨʴʯʨʭʰʹʻʼʲʬʩʨˀʰ ʬˆʳʨʸʬʩʨ.
ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ, ʸʵʪʵʸ˂ ʳʨʰʨʹ ˆʬʲʯʨʳʶʿʸʵʩʬʲʹ ˀʬʻ˃ʲʰʨ ʻʩʸ˃ʨʴʵʹ ʨʳ ˄ʨʸʳʵʹʨˆʭʰʯʹ
ʬʴʬʸʪʰʨʹ ʪʨʴʶʰʸʵʩʬʩʻʲʰ ʹʻʲʰʹ ʪʨʴʯʨʭʰʹʻʼʲʬʩʨ. ʻʼʨʲʰ ʨʳʨʹ ʨʱʬʯʬʩʹ ʳʨʹʮʬ
ʳʰʴʫʵʩʰʲʰ ʹʻʲʰʹʨʫʳʰ ʯʨʭʰʹʰ ʻʳʰʮʬʮʵ ˄ʿʨʲʵʩʰʯ ʫʨ ʳʰʹʨʫʳʰ ʳˀʵʩʲʰʻʸʰ
ʹʰʿʭʨʸʻʲʰʹ ʪʨʳʵ. ˂ʵ˂ˆʨʲʰ ʨʸʹʬʩʨ ˆʵʳ ʯʨʭʰʹʰ ʶʰʸʭʬʲʹʨˆʰʯ ʻʼʲʰʹ ˀʭʰʲʰʨ.
ʨʳʰʺʵʳ ʨʸʰʹ ʨʻ˂ʰʲʬʩʬʲʰ ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ ʲʵʺʵʹʰʹʫʨʸʰ ʺʬʸʼʬʩʰʹʨʫʳʰ ʳʰʴʫʵʩʨ
ʳʺʨʴˇʭʬʲʰ ʳʨʺʬʸʰʨʲʻʸʰ ʩʻʴʬʩʰʹ ʳʨʸ˄ʻˆʬʩʰʫʨʴ ʯʨʭʰʹ ʫʨʹʨʾ˄ʬʭʨʫ.
ʳʴʰˀʭʴʬʲʵʭʨʴʰʨ, ʨʪʸʬʯʭʬ, ʹʰʺʿʭʨ ʳʨʳ ʬʭʨ. ʳʨʳ ʴʰˀʴʨʭʹ ʳˆʵʲʵʫ ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ (ʭʰˀʴʻʹ) ʫʨ
ʨʸʨ ʩʸʨˈʳʨʹ ʨʴ ˀʰʭʨʹ. ʯʻʳ˂ʨ ʩʸʨˈʳʨ˂ ʫʨ ˀʰʭʨ˂ ʫʰʫʨʫ ʨʳʨʾʲʬʩʻʲʴʰ ʨʸʰʨʴ ʫʨ
ʯʰʯʽʳʰʹ ʻʯʨʴʨʩʸʫʬʩʰʨʴ ʭʰˀʴʻʹ ʫʵʴʬʹ, ʸʨˇʵ-ʪʻʴʨʹʨ (ʭʴʬʩʰʹ) ʫʨ ʺʨʳʵ-ʪʻʴʨʹ
(ʻʳʬ˂ʸʬʩʰʹ) ʨʳ ʰʴʱʨʸʴʨ˂ʰʬʩʹ ʳʨʰʨʹ ʱʲʨʴ˅ʬʩʰʫʨʴ ʪʮʨʹʨ˂ʫʬʴʰʲ ʹʻʲʬʩʰʹ ʫʨʩʸʻʴʬʩʨ
ʨʸ ˀʬʻ˃ʲʰʨʯ. ʹˆʭʨʪʭʨʸʨʫ _ ʩʸʨˈʳʨ ʫʨ ˀʰʭʨ ʯʨʭʨʫ ʨʸʰʨʴ ʳʨʰʨʹ ʪʨʭʲʬʴʰʹ ʽʭʬˀ.
ʳˆʵʲʵʫ ʭʰˀʴʻ ʳʩʸ˃ʨʴʬʩʲʵʩʹ ʳʨʰʨʹ, ʨʳʰʺʵʳʨ˂ ʳˆʵʲʵʫ ʳʨʹ ˆʬʲʬ˄ʰʼʬʩʨ
ʪʨʴʶʰʸʵʩʬʩʻʲʰ ʹʻʲʰʹ ˆʹʴʨ.

12

Tavi meSvide _ uzenaesis Secnoba

ʭʬʫʬʩʰ ("ˀʭʬʺʨˀʭʨʺʨʸʨ ʻʶʨʴʰˀʨʫʰ" 3.8) ʨʳʨʹʭʬ ʨʫʨʹʺʻʸʬʩʬʴ ʼʸʨʮʰʯ _ ʺʨʳ ʬʭʨ
ʭʰʫʰʺʭʨ, ʨʴʻ "ʯʨʭʰʹʻʼʲʬʩʨ ʳʵʰʶʵʭʬʩʨ ʳˆʵʲʵʫ ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ ˀʬ˂ʴʵʩʰʯ". ʯʭʰʯ ʻʼʨʲʰ
ˀʰʭʨ ʳʰʻʯʰʯʬʩʹ, ʸʵʳ ʳˆʵʲʵʫʨʳˆʵʲʵʫ ʭʰˀʴʻʹ ˄ʿʨʲʵʩʨʨ ʳʰ˄ʰʬʸʰ ʺʿʭʬʵʩʰʫʨʴ
ʯʨʭʰʹ ʫʨʾ˄ʬʭʨ: ʳʻʱʺʰ-ʶʸʨʫʨʺʨ ʹʨʸʭʬˀʨʳ ʭʰˀʴʻʸ ʬʭʨ ʴʨ ʹʨʳˀʨʰʨˈ _ "ʬ˅ʭʪʨʸʬˀʬʨ, ʸʵʳ
ʳˆʵʲʵʫ ʭʰˀʴʻʹ ˀʬʻ˃ʲʰʨ ʪʨʴʯʨʭʰʹʻʼʲʬʩʰʹ ʳʰʴʰ˅ʬʩʨ".
ʲʬʽʹʰ 15
ʨʸʨʳʮʨʫʬʩʰ, ʻʪʻʴʻʸʴʰ, ʱʨ˂ʯʨ ˀʵʸʰʹ ʫʨʳʫʨʩʲʬʩʻʲʴʰ, ʰʲʻʮʰʰʹʪʨʴ
˂ʵʫʴʨʪʨʴ˃ʨʸ˂ʭʻʲʴʰ ʫʨ ʫʬʳʵʴʯʨ ʯʨʿʭʨʴʰʹʳ˂ʬʳʬʲʴʰ _ ʨʸ ʳʵʳʬʴʫʵʩʰʨʴ ʳʬ.
ˀʰʴʨ-ʨʸʹʰ. "ʩˈʨʪʨʭʨʫ-ʪʰʺʨˀʰ" ʴʨʯʽʭʨʳʰʨ, ʸʵʳ ʻʮʬʴʨʬʹʰʹ ʲʵʺʵʹʰʹʫʨʸʰ
ʺʬʸʼʬʩʰʹʨʫʳʰ ʳʰʴʫʵʩʰʯ ʨʫʨʳʰʨʴʹ ʳʨʺʬʸʰʨʲʻʸʰ ʩʻʴʬʩʰʹ ʳʱʨ˂ʸʰ ʱʨʴʵʴʬʩʰʹ
ʫʨ˃ʲʬʭʨ ˀʬʻ˃ʲʰʨ. ʰʩʨʫʬʩʨ ʱʰʯˆʭʨ: ʳʨˀ ʸʨʺʵʳ ʨʸʰʹ, ʸʵʳ ʪʨʴʨʯʲʬʩʻʲʴʰ:
ʼʰʲʵʹʵʼʵʹʬʩʰ, ʳʬ˂ʴʰʬʸʬʩʰ, ʹʨʽʳʵʹʴʬʩʰ, ʳʳʨʸʯʭʬʲʬʩʰ ʫʨ ˄ʰʴʨʳ˃ʾʵʲʬʩʰ ʨʸ
ʬʴʫʵʩʰʨʴ ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ, ʿʵʭʲʰʹˀʬʳ˃ʲʬʹ ʲʵʺʵʹʰʹʫʨʸʰ ʺʬʸʼʬʩʹ? ʱʨ˂ʵʩʸʰʵʩʰʹ
ʲʰʫʬʸʬʩʰ ʹʨʻʱʻʴʬʯʨ ʫʰʴʬʩʨˀʰ ʫʨ ʳʸʨʭʨʲʰ ʪʨʴʳʬʵʸʬʩʨʫʰ ʫʨʩʨʫʬʩʰʹ ʶʸʵ˂ʬʹˀʰ
ʨʯʨʹʪʭʨʸʰ ˆʸʰʱʬʩʰʯ, ʪʸʨʴʫʰʵʮʻʲʰ ʪʬʪʳʬʩʰʯʨ ʫʨ ˇʰʻʺʨʫ ʬ˃ʰʬʩʬʴ ʳʻʱʺʰʹ, ʨʴʻ
ʳʨʺʬʸʰʨʲʻʸʰ ʩʻʴʬʩʰʹ ʱʨʴʵʴʬʩʰʹ ʻʾʲʰʹʨʪʨʴ ʪʨʴʯʨʭʰʹʻʼʲʬʩʨʹ. ʸʨʺʵʳ ʰʸʯʻʲʬʩʬʴ
ʹʨʽʳʬʹ _ ʻʮʬʴʨʬʹʰʹ ʲʵʺʵʹʰʹʫʨʸʰ ʺʬʸʼʬʩʰʹʨʫʳʰ ʳʰʴʫʵʩʰʯ ˆʵʳ ʰʵʲʨʫ ˀʬʰ˃ʲʬʩʨ
ʪʨʴʯʨʭʰʹʻʼʲʬʩʨ?! ʸʨʺʵʳ ʰʸˁʬʭʬʴ ʫʨˆʲʨʸʯʻʲ ʪʮʬʩʹ, ʸʨʺʵʳ ʨʱʬʯʬʩʬʴ ʨʹʬʯ
ʨʸˁʬʭʨʴʹ ʬʹ ʬ.˄. ʪʵʴʰʬʸʰ ʫʨ ʫʰʫʨʫ ʫʨʳʨˀʭʸʨʲʰ ʳʬʯʨʻʸʬʩʰ ˆʨʲˆʰʹʨ?!
"ʪʰʺʨ" ʻʨʾʸʬʹʰ ʪʻʲʨˆʫʰʲʵʩʰʯ ʻʶʨʹʻˆʬʩʹ ʨʳ ʱʰʯˆʭʨʹ. ʹʨʮʵʪʨʫʵʬʩʰʹ ˅ʬˀʳʨʸʰʺʨʫ
ʪʨʴʹ˄ʨʭʲʻʲʰ ˄ʰʴʨʳ˃ʾʭʸʬʩʰ _ ʩʸʨˈʳʨ, ˀʰʭʨ, ʱʨʶʰʲʨ, ʱʻʳʨʸʬʩʰ, ʳʨʴʻ, ʭʰʨʹʨ, ʫʬʭʨʲʨ,
ʨʹʰʺʨ, ˇʨʴʨʱʨ, ʶʸʨˈʲʨʫʨ, ʩʨʲʰ ʫʨ ʳʵʪʭʰʨʴʬʩʰʯ ˆʨʴʬʩˀʰ: ʳʨʫˈʭʨˁʨʸʰʨ, ʸʨʳʨʴʻˇʨˁʨʸʰʨ,
ˀʸʰ ˁʨʰʺʨʴʰʨ ʫʨ ʳʸʨʭʨʲʴʰ ʹˆʭʨʴʰ _ ʳʵʸ˄ʳʻʴʬ ʼʰʲʵʹʵʼʵʹʬʩʰ, ʶʵʲʰʺʰʱʻʸʰ
ʳʵʾʭʨ˄ʬʬʩʰ, ʪʨʴʳʨʴʨʯʲʬʩʲʬʩʰ, ʳʬ˂ʴʰʬʸʬʩʰ... ʳʯʬʲʰ ʨʸʹʬʩʰʯ ʬʴʫʵʩʰʨʴ ʻʮʬʴʨʬʹʰ
ʶʰʸʵʭʴʬʩʰʹ ʿʵʭʲʰʹˀʬʳ˃ʲʬ ʨʭʺʵʸʰʺʬʺʹ. ʰʹʰʴʰ ʱʰ, ʭʰʴ˂ ʨʸ ʨʸʰʨʴ ʴʨʳʫʭʰʲʰ
ʹ˄ʨʭʲʻʲʴʰ, ʵʾʵʴʫ ʯʨʭʹ ʨʹʬʯʬʩʨʫ ʪʭʨˁʭʬʴʬʩʬʴ, ʸʨʯʨ ʸʨʰʳʬ ʪʨʳʵʸˁʬʴʨ ʴʨˆʵʴ ʨʴ
ʶʨʺʰʭʳʵʿʭʨʸʬʵʩʨ ʫʨʰʱʳʨʿʵʼʰʲʵʴ, ʨʸ ʨʾʰʨʸʬʩʬʴ ʻʼʨʲʹ. ʰʹʰʴʰ ʭʬʸ˂ ʳʵʰʨʮʸʬʩʬʴ ʳʨʹ,
ʸʨʫʪʨʴ ʪʨʫʨʪʬʩʻʲʴʰ ʨʸʰʨʴ ʯʨʭʰʨʴʯʰ ʳʰ˄ʰʬʸʰ ʪʬʪʳʬʩʰʹ ʪʨʳʵʪʵʴʬʩʨʮʬ, ʸʨʹʨ˂
ʪʨʴˆʵʸ˂ʰʬʲʬʩʨ ʨʸ ʻ˄ʬʸʰʨ; ʻʴʨʿʵʼʵʫ ʰʸˇʬʩʰʨʴ ʫʨ ʰʳ˃ʰʳʬʩʬʴ ʿʵʼʰʬʸʬʩʨʹ.
ʳʨʺʬʸʰʨʲʻʸʰ ʬʴʬʸʪʰʨ ʬʹʵʫʬʴ ˃ʲʰʬʸʰʨ. ʰʹ ˄ʰʴʨʾʻʫʪʬʩʨ ʻʸ˄ʳʻʴʵʯʨ ʨʳʪʭʨʸ
ʶʸʵʪʸʨʳʬʩʹ ʫʨ ʳʻʹʸʹ ʪʨʨʭʲʬʩʹ "ʹʨʪʬʪʳʨʸʵ ʱʵʳʰʺʬʺʯʨ" ʳʯʬʲ ʻʨʮʸʵ ʫʨ ʻʳʵʳʨʭʲʵ
ʳ˂ʫʬʲʵʩʨʹ.
ʨʽ ʾʭʯʰʹʳʪʳʵʩʬʲʰ ʳʪʬʪʳʨʭʴʰ ʳʵˆʹʬʴʰʬʩʻʲʴʰ ʨʸʰʨʴ ʹʰʺʿʭʰʯ ʫʻˀʱʸʰʺʰʴʨˈ, ʨʴʻ
ʨʸʨʳʮʨʫʬʩʰ. ʱʸʰʺʰ ˈʽʭʰʨ ʳʨʹ, ʭʰʹʨ˂ ʹʨʽʬʩʨʸʰ ˀʸʵʳʰʯ ʫʨʳʨˀʭʸʨʲʨ, ʭʰʴ˂ ʮʵʪˇʬʸ
ʯʨʭʰʹʰ ʪʵʴʰʬʸʬʩʰʯ ˆʵʺʩʰʹ ʾʰʸʹʰ˂ ʪʨʳˆʫʨʸʨ. ʴʬʩʰʹʳʰʬʸʰ ʫʰʫʰ ʪʬʪʳʰʹ _ ʱʨʸʪʰʹ
ʳʨʻ˄ʿʬʩʬʲʰ ʯʻ ˂ʻʫʰʹʨ _ ˀʬʫʪʬʴʨ-ʪʨʴˆʵʸ˂ʰʬʲʬʩʰʹ ʫʰʫʰ ʴʰ˅ʰ ʫʨ ʪʨʴʨʯʲʬʩʨ
ʹ˅ʰʸʫʬʩʨ. ʳʨʪʸʨʳ ʸʨʱʰ ʻʸ˄ʳʻʴʵʯʨ ˂ʴʵʩʰʬʸʬʩʨ ʪʨʳʵʿʬʴʬʩʻʲʰʨ ʻʮʬʴʨʬʹʰ ʻʼʲʰʹ
˄ʰʴʨʨʾʳʫʬʪ, ʳʯʬʲʰ ʪʵʴʰʹʳʰʬʸʰ ˀʬʹʨ˃ʲʬʩʲʵʩʨʴʰ ʪʨʳʵʰˆʨʺʬʩʨ ʹʰʺʿʭʰʯ _ ʫʻˀʱʸʰʺʰ
_ ʨʴʻ ʰʹ, ʭʰʹʰ ʪʵʴʬʩʨ ʫʨ ʳ˂ʫʬʲʵʩʨ ʨʸʨʹ˄ʵʸʨʫ ʨʸʰʹ ʳʰʳʨʸʯʻʲʰ.

13

Tavi meSvide _ uzenaesis Secnoba

"ʪʰʺʨˀʰ" ʴʨʯʲʨʫ ʨʸʰʹ ʨˆʹʴʰʲʰ, ʸʵʳ ʳʯʬʲ ʳʨʺʬʸʰʨʲʻʸ ʬʴʬʸʪʰʨʹ ʻʼʨʲʰ ʪʨʴʨʪʬʩʹ.
ʬʴʬʸʪʰʨ ʰʳ ˁʸʫʰʲʹʨ ˈʪʨʭʹ, ʸʵʳʬʲʰ˂ ʳʵ˃ʸʨʵʩʹ ʹʨʪʴʰʹ ˀʬʹʨʩʨʳʰʹʨʫ.
ʳʨʺʬʸʰʨʲʻʸʰ ʬʴʬʸʪʰʨ ˃ʲʰʬʸʰʨ, ʬʹ ʱʰ ʯʨʭʰʹʰ ʻʾʳʬʸʯʵʬʩʰʹ ʪʨʳʵ ʨʸ ʰ˂ʰʹ ʨʯʬʰʹʺʳʨ.
ʳʨʴ ʨʹʬʭʬ ʨʸʨʼʬʸʰ ʻ˄ʿʰʹ ʻʼʲʰʹ ʪʬʪʳʰʹ ˀʬʹʨˆʬʩ. ʭʴʬʩʰʹʨ ʫʨ ʻʳʬ˂ʸʬʩʰʹ ʳʵʫʻʹʬʩʰʹʨ
ʫʨ ʰʲʻʮʰʰʹ ʪʨʭʲʬʴʰʯ ˀʬʫʪʬʴʰʲ ʪʬʪʳʬʩʹ ʪʨʴˆʵʸ˂ʰʬʲʬʩʨ ʨʸ ʻ˄ʬʸʰʨ. ʳʨʪʨʲʰʯʨʫ,
ˈʰʸʨʴʰʨʱʨˀʰʶʻʹʨ ʫʨ ʸʨʭʨʴʨʹ ʪʬʪʳʬʩʰ˂ ʨʹʬ ʪʨ˂ʨʳʺʭʬʸʫʨ, ʯʻʳ˂ʨ ʵʸʰʭʬ ʪʨʴʹ˄ʨʭʲʻʲʰ
ʳʬ˂ʴʰʬʸʰ, ʼʰʲʵʹʵʼʵʹʰ, ʪʨʴʳʨʴʨʯʲʬʩʬʲʰ ʳʳʨʸʯʭʬʲʰ ʰʿʵ. ʫʻˀʱʸʰʺʰʴʬʩʰʹ, ʨʴʻ
ʨʸʨʳʮʨʫʬʩʰʹ ˀʬʳʫʬʪ ʵʯˆʰ ˇʪʻʼʰ ʨʸʹʬʩʵʩʹ:
1. ʳʻʫˈʬʩʰ ʹʨʹʨʶʨʲʴʬ ʶʰʸʻʺʿʭʬʩʹ ˈʪʭʨʴʨʴ. ʳʨʯ ʹʻʸʯ ʰˀʸʵʳʵʴ, ʵʼʲʰ ʾʭʨʸʵʴ ʫʨ
ʹʨʱʻʯʨʸʰ ʪʨʸˇʰʹ ʴʨʿʵʼʰʯʨ˂ ʯʨʭʨʫ ʫʨʺʱʩʴʬʴ. ʻʮʬʴʨʬʹʹʨ˂ ʱʰ ʨʸʨʼʬʸʰ ʪʨʻʮʰʨʸʵʴ.
ʹʨʹʨʶʨʲʴʬ ʹʨˆʬʫʨʸʹ ʶʨʺʸʵʴʰ ʫʾʬ ʫʨ ʾʨʳʬ ʨʳʻˀʨʭʬʩʹ, ʨʳ ʳʵʸˁʰʲʳʨ ʶʰʸʻʺʿʭʳʨ ʱʰ ʨʸ
ʰ˂ʰʹ, ʭʰʹʯʭʰʹ ˀʸʵʳʵʩʹ. ʱʳʨʿʵʼʰʲʰ˂ ʱʰʨ, ʸʨʱʰ ʱʻ˅ʹ ʩʨʲʨˆʰʯ ʨʳʵʰʭʹʬʩʹ, ˂ʵʺʨʹ
˄ʨʰ˃ʰʴʬʩʹ, ʶʨʺʸʵʴʰʹ ʹʨˆʸʬʹ ʨʰ˂ʫʬʴʹ, ˀʬʻ˄ʿʭʰʲʫʬʩʨ ʫʬʫʨʲʹ ʫʨ ʳʬʺʰ˂ ʨʸʨ ʻʴʫʨ ʸʨ
ʻʺʭʰʴʵ ʭʰʸʹ! ʳʨʪʸʨʳ ʳʯʲʨʫ ʨʹʬ ʨʸ ʨʸʰʹ...
ˆʨʴʫʨˆʨʴ ʹʨˆʬʫʨʸʹ ʲʬʽʹʬʩʰʹ ˄ʬʸʨ, ʳʾʬʸʨ, ʼʰʲʵʹʵʼʰʨʮʬ ʳʹˇʬʲʵʩʨ˂ ʳʵʬˆʨʲʰʹʬʩʨ,
ʳʵˈʿʭʬʩʨ ʿʸʵʿʰʴʹ, ʸʰʯʨ˂ ʨ˄ʻˆʬʩʹ ʳʹʳʬʴʬʲʹ. ʨʹʬʯ ʿʵʼʨˀʰʨ ʻ˅ʱʻʵ ʱʨʸʳʰʻʲʰ
ʳˀʸʵʳʬʲʰ, ʸʵʳʬʲʳʨ˂ ʨʸ˂ ʱʰ ʰ˂ʰʹ, ʭʰʹʯʭʰʹ ʰʸˇʬʩʨ. ʳʨʴ ʰʹʰ˂ ʨʸ ʰ˂ʰʹ, ʸʵʳ ʱʨʸʳʨ
(ʳʵʽʳʬʫʬʩʨ, ˀʸʵʳʨ) ʪʨʴʱʻʯʭʴʰʲʰʨ ʰʨˇʴʨʹʨʯʭʰʹ (ʳʹˆʭʬʸʶʲˀʬ˄ʰʸʭʰʹʨʯʭʰʹ).
ʻʳʬʺʬʹ ˀʬʳʯˆʭʬʭʨˀʰ, ʰʹʰʴʰ, ʭʰʴ˂ ʫʾʬ-ʾʨʳʬʹ ˀʸʵʳʨˀʰ ʨʹ˄ʵʸʬʩʬʴ ʫʨ ʯʨʭʰʨʴʯʰ
ʪʨʳʵʪʵʴʰʲʰ ʳʵʭʨʲʬʵʩʬʩʰʹ ʺʭʰʸʯʹ ʰʳʹʻʩʻʽʬʩʬʴ, ʨ˂ˆʨʫʬʩʬʴ: ˂ʵ˂ˆʨʲʰ ʨʸʹʬʩʰʹ
ʻʱʭʫʨʭʵʩʨʮʬ ʼʰʽʸʰʹʨ ʫʨ ʳʵʹʳʬʴʰʹ ʫʸʵ ʹʨʫʨ ʪʭʨʽʭʹ?! ʨʹʬʯʰ ʳʻʫˈʬʩʰʹ ʳʯʨʭʨʸʰ
ʳʰʮʨʴʰ ʴʰʭʯʰʬʸʰ ʳʵʴʨʶʵʭʨʸʰʨ, ʸʵʳʬʲʹʨ˂ ʪʨʴʨʫʪʻʸʬʩʨ ʻ˄ʬʸʰʨ. ʯʨʭʨʫ ʳʻʫˈʬʩʰ
ˀʸʵʳʰʹ ʴʨʿʵʼʰʹ ʳ˂ʰʸʬʫ ˄ʰʲʹʨ˂ ʰʳʿʵʼʰʴʬʩʬʴ, ʳʨʪʸʨʳ ʹʨʸʼʰʨʴ ʪʨʹʨʳʸˇʬʲʵʹ ʯʻ
ʫʨʨʴʨˆʬʩ, ʴʨ˄ʲʨʭʬʩʮʬ ʼʬˆʹ ʰʫʪʨʳʬʴ, ʱʻ˅ʹ ʰʨʭʨʫʬʩʬʴ ʳ˃ʰʳʬ ˀʸʵʳʰʯ ʫʨ ʳʨʰʴ˂
ʱʳʨʿʵʼʰʲʴʰ ʨʸʰʨʴ. ʨʸʨ ʫʨ ʬʹ ʹʨʩʸʨʲʵʩʬʴʰ ʯʨʭʨʫ ˃ʨʲʰʨʴ ˂ʵʺʨʹ ˅ʨʳʬʴ, ˂ʰʹʳʨʸʬ ʫʾʬʹ
ʨʹ˄ʵʸʬʩʬʴ, ʸʨʯʨ ʰʲʻʮʵʸʻʲ ʩʨʺʵʴʹ ʹʨʸʪʬʩʲʵʩʨ ʳʵʻʺʨʴʵʴ _ ʳʨʯ ˆʵʳ ʨʸ˂ ʰ˂ʰʨʴ,
ʭʰʴ ʨʸʰʹ ˅ʬˀʳʨʸʰʺʰ ʩʨʺʵʴʰ. ʰʹʰʴʰ ˃ʭʰʸʼʨʹ ʫʸʵʹ ʹˆʭʰʹʯʭʰʹ ʹʰʳʫʰʫʸʰʹ (ʳʨʳʵʴʨʹ)
ʳʵˆʭʬ˅ʨˀʰ ʼʲʨʴʪʨʭʬʴ. ʸʨʵʫʬʴ ʹʨʳ˄ʻˆʨʸʵʨ, ʸʵʳ ʰʹʰʴʰ ʭʬʸʨʹʵʫʬʹ ʰʪʸ˃ʴʵʩʬʴ ʿʵʭʬʲ
ʩʨʺʵʴʯʨ ʻʳʨʾʲʬʹʰ ʩʨʺʵʴʰʹʨʫʳʰ ʳʰʴʫʵʩʰʹ ʹʻʸʭʰʲʹ, ʨʸ˂ ʻʴʫʨʯ, ʸʵʳ ʳʰʹ ˀʬʹʨˆʬʩ
ʸʨʳʬ ʳʵʰʹʳʰʴʵʴ.
ʾʵʸʰ˂ ʨʹʬʨ _ ʹʨ˅ʳʬʲʰʹ ʴʨʳʻʹʸʬʭʹ ʳʨʫʰʨʴʨʫ ʳʰʨ˃ʾʬʩʨ ʫʨ ʮʬʫʨ˂ ʨʸ ʫʨˆʬʫʨʭʹ ˀʨʽʸʰʯʨ
ʫʨ ʬʸʩʵʯʰ ˀʬʳʮʨʫʬʩʻʲ ʴʻʪʩʨʸʹ. ʻʳʬ˂ʨʸʰ ʳʻʫˈʨ˂ ʿʻʸʪʨʼʨ˂ʰ˂ʬʩʻʲʰ ʳʵʻʹʳʬʴʹ
˂ʯʵʳʰʲʰ ˆʵʸ˂ʰʬʲʰ ʴʫʵʳʰʹ ʫʨʳʨʱʳʨʿʵʼʰʲʬʩʬʲ ʽ˂ʬʭʨʯʨ ʨʳʩʬʩʹ, ʳʨʪʸʨʳ ʬʴʨʴʬʩʨ
ʰʳʰʹʯʭʰʹ, ʸʵʳ ʰʹʳʰʴʵʹ ʳʨʸʨʫʰʻʲʰ ʹʰ˂ʵ˂ˆʲʰʹ ˀʯʨʳʨʪʵʴʬʩʬʲʮʬ, ʸʵʳʬʲʰ˂
ʳʨʺʬʸʰʨʲʻʸ ʹʨʳʿʨʸʵʹ ʩʨʺʵʴʰʨ.
2. ʫʻˀʱʸʰʺʬʩʰʹ, ʨʴʻ ʨʸʨʳʮʨʫʬʩʰʹ ˇʪʻʼʹ ʬ˄ʵʫʬʩʨ ʴʨʸʨʫˈʨʳʨ _ ʻʳʫʨʩʲʬʹʴʰ ʱʨ˂ʯʨ
ˀʵʸʰʹ. ʴʨʸʨ ʴʰˀʴʨʭʹ ʨʫʨʳʰʨʴʹ, ʨʫˈʨʳʨ ʱʰ ʻʳʫʨʩʲʬʹʹ. ˂ʵ˂ˆʨʲ ʨʸʹʬʩʨʯʨ 8,400,000
ʹʨˆʬʵʩʰʫʨʴ 400,000 ʨʫʨʳʰʨʴʰʹʨʨ, ʸʵʳʬʲʯʨʪʨʴ ʻʨʳʸʨʭʰʨ ʻʳʫʨʩʲʬʹʰ ʼʵʸʳʨ. ʰʹʰʴʰ,
ʸʵʪʵʸ˂ ˄ʬʹʰ, ʪʨʻʴʨʯʲʬʩʬʲʴʰ ʫʨ ʻʱʻʲʺʻʸʵʴʰ ʨʸʰʨʴ. ˂ʰʭʰʲʰʮʬʩʻʲʴʰ ʨʸʰʨʴ
ʰʹʰʴʰ, ʭʰʴ˂ ʹʵ˂ʰʨʲʻʸʰ, ʶʵʲʰʺʰʱʻʸʰ ʫʨ ʹʨʸ˄ʳʻʴʵʬʩʸʰʭʰ ˂ˆʵʭʸʬʩʰʹ

14

Tavi meSvide _ uzenaesis Secnoba

ʳʨʸʬʪʻʲʰʸʬʩʬʲʰ ʶʸʰʴ˂ʰʶʬʩʰʯ ˂ˆʵʭʸʵʩʬʴ. ʨʸʰʨʴ ʰʹʬʯʬʩʰ˂, ʭʰʴ˂ ʶʵʲʰʺʰʱʻʸʨʫ ʫʨ
ʹʵ˂ʰʨʲʻʸʨʫ ʪʨʯʭʰʯ˂ʴʵʩʰʬʸʬʩʻʲʰʨ, ʳʨʪʸʨʳ ʮʻʸʪʹ ʨʽ˂ʬʭʹ ʹʨʸ˄ʳʻʴʵʬʩʸʰʭ
ʶʸʰʴ˂ʰʶʬʩʹ. ʨʹʬʯʬʩʰ˂ ʴʨʸʨʫˈʨʳʬʩʨʫ ʻʴʫʨ ˁʨʰʯʭʨʲʵʴ. ʨʸ˂ ʻʾʳʬʸʯʵ ʸʬʲʰʪʰʨʨ
ʸʬʲʰʪʰʨ, ʭʰʴʨʰʫʨʴ ʸʬʲʰʪʰʻʸʰ ʫʨʴʨ˄ʬʹʬʩʰʹ ˀʬʹʸʻʲʬʩʰʹ ʳʰʮʨʴʰʨ ʻʮʬʴʨʬʹʰ
˅ʬˀʳʨʸʰʺʬʩʰʹʨ ʫʨ ʳʨʹʯʨʴ ʨʫʨʳʰʨʴʰʹ ʻʸʯʰʬʸʯʵʩʰʹ ˀʬ˂ʴʵʩʨ.
"ʪʰʺʨˀʰ" ʾʳʸʯʨʬʩʸʰʭʰ ʶʰʸʵʭʴʬʩʨ ʪʨʸʱʭʬʭʰʯ ʨ˂ˆʨʫʬʩʹ, ʸʵʳ ʨʸ ʨʸʹʬʩʵʩʹ ʳʨʹʮʬ
ʳʨʾʨʲʰ ʨʭʺʵʸʰʺʬʺʰ ʫʨ ʸʵʳ ʰʪʰʨ ʻʮʬʴʨʬʹʰ ˅ʬˀʳʨʸʰʺʬʩʨ. ʹʰ˂ʵ˂ˆʲʰʹ
˂ʰʭʰʲʰʮʬʩʻʲʰ ʼʵʸʳʨ ʪʨʴʱʻʯʭʴʰʲʰʨ ʰʳʰʹʨʯʭʰʹ, ʸʵʳ ʨʫʨʳʰʨʴʳʨ ʯʨʭʰʹ ʯʨʭˀʰ
ʪʨʳʵʨʾʭʰ˃ʵʹ ʻʮʬʴʨʬʹ ʻʼʨʲʯʨʴ, ʾʳʸʯʨʬʩʸʰʭ ʿʵʭʲʰʹˀʬʳ˃ʲʬ ʶʰʸʵʭʴʬʩʨʹʯʨʴ _ ˀʸʰ
ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹʯʨʴ ʳʨʸʨʫʰʻʲʰ ʻʸʯʰʬʸʯʵʩʰʹ ʳʰ˃ʰʴʬʩʻʲʰ ˂ʴʵʩʰʬʸʬʩʨ. ʭʰʴ˂ ʨʳ
ˀʬʹʨ˃ʲʬʩʲʵʩʨʹ ˆʬʲʰʫʨʴ ʻˀʭʬʩʹ, ʴʨʸʨʫˈʨʳʨʫ ʰ˄ʵʫʬʩʨ.
ʪʨʴʫʵʩʰʲʰ ˄ʬʸʰʲʬʩʰʫʨʴ ʭʰʪʬʩʯ, ʸʵʳ ʫʬʫʰʹ ˄ʰʨʾˀʰ˂ ʱʰ (ʬʸʯʵʩ ʻˆʬʸˆʻʲ
ʳʫʪʵʳʨʸʬʵʩʨˀʰ) ʩʨʭˀʭʰ ʾʳʬʸʯʹ ʪʨʴʯʨʭʰʹʻʼʲʬʩʨʹ ˀʬʹʯˆʵʭʹ ʫʨ ʬʼʰ˂ʬʩʨ, ʸʵʳ
ʳˆʵʲʵʫ ʳʰʹʰ ʯʨʿʭʨʴʰʹʳ˂ʬʳʬʲʰ ʰʽʴʬʩʨ, ʸʵʪʵʸ˂ ʱʰ ʫʨʰʩʨʫʬʩʨ. ʸʯʻʲ ʶʰʸʵʩʬʩˀʰ,
ʪʨʴʹʨ˂ʫʬʲˀʰ ʾʳʬʸʯʰʹʨʫʳʰ ʲʵ˂ʭʨ-ʭʬʫʸʬʩʰʹ ʨʾʭʲʬʴʨ ʨʫʨʳʰʨʴʰʹ ʩʻʴʬʩʸʰʭʰ
ʰʴʹʺʰʴʽʺʰʨ, ʳʨʸʨʫʰʻʲʨʫ ʫʨʱʨʭˀʰʸʬʩʻʲʰ ʾʳʬʸʯʯʨʴ.
ʩʨʭˀʭʰ ʳʨʲʬ ʰʭʰ˄ʿʬʩʹ ʫʨʩʨʫʬʩʰʹ ʹʰʸʯʻʲʬʬʩʹʨ˂ ʫʨ ʳʰʹʯʭʰʹ ʪʨʴʯʨʭʰʹʻʼʲʬʩʰʹ
ʳʰʳʴʰ˅ʬʩʬʲ ʻʼʨʲʹʨ˂, ʸʨʫʪʨʴ ʳʨˀʰʴʭʬ ˆʭʫʬʩʨ ˄ʨʸʳʵʹʨˆʭʰʯʰ ʬʴʬʸʪʰʰʹ _ ʳʨʰʨʹ
ʩʸ˅ʿʨʲʬʩˀʰ. ʨʾʳʮʸʫʬʲʯʨ ʳʵʭʨʲʬʵʩʨ ʹ˄ʵʸʬʫ ʰʹ ʨʸʰʹ, ʸʵʳ ʩʨʭˀʭˀʰ ʳʯʭʲʬʳʨʸʬ
ʾʳʸʯʨʬʩʸʰʭʰ ˂ʴʵʩʰʬʸʬʩʨ ʪʨʳʵʨʾʭʰ˃ʵʹ.
ʸʵʪʵʸ˂ "ʳʨʴʻ-ʹʳʸʰʺʰˀʰ", ʸʬʲʰʪʰʻʸ ʶʸʰʴ˂ʰʶʯʨ ʹʨˆʬʲʳ˃ʾʭʨʴʬʲʵˀʰʨ ʳʰʯʰʯʬʩʻʲʰ,
ʨʫʨʳʰʨʴʰʹ ʹʨʼʬˆʻʸʬʩʸʰʭʰ ʪʨʸʫʨʽʳʴʰʹ ˂ʬʸʬʳʵʴʰʬʩʰʹ 10 ʨʽ˂ʰʨ ʫʨ˄ʬʹʬʩʻʲʰ, ʸʵʳʬʲʯʨ
ʫʨʴʰˀʴʻʲʬʩʨʨ ʭʨʸʴʨˀʸʨʳʨʹ ʹʰʹʺʬʳʨˀʰ ʾʳʬʸʯʰʹ ˂ʴʵʩʰʬʸʬʩʰʹ ʪʨʳʵʾʭʰ˃ʬʩʨ. ʳʨʪʸʨʳ
ʳʹʵʼʲʰʵˀʰ ʨʸʹʨʫ ʨʸ˂ʬʸʯʰ ʶʸʵ˂ʬʹʰ ʨʸ ʹʸʻʲʫʬʩʨ ʮʻʹʺʨʫ, ʨʳʰʺʵʳ ʱʨ˂ʵʩʸʰʵʩʰʹ
99,9 ʶʸʵ˂ʬʴʺʰ ʴʨʸʨʫˈʨʳʨʨ.
ʸʵʫʬʹʨ˂ ʹʨʮʵʪʨʫʵʬʩʨˀʰ ʿʭʬʲʨ ʴʨʸʨʫˈʨʳʨʨ, ʩʻʴʬʩʸʰʭʰʨ, ʳʨʯ ʬ.˄. ʪʨʴʨʯʲʬʩʨʹ˄ʨʭʲʻʲʬʩʨʮʬ ʲʨʶʨʸʨʱʰ˂ ʮʬʫʳʬʺʰʨ _ ʳʨʹ ʳʨˀʰʴʭʬ ʨʽʨʸ˄ʿʲʬʩʹ ʼʰʮʰʱʻʸʰ ʩʻʴʬʩʰʹ
ʿʵʭʲʰʹˀʬʳ˃ʲʬ ʬʴʬʸʪʰʨ. "ʪʰʺʨʹ" ʯʨʴʨˆʳʨʫ, ʹ˄ʨʭʲʻʲʰ ʰʹ ʨʸʰʹ, ʭʰʴ˂ ʬʸʯʴʨʰʸʰ
ʪʨʴ˄ʿʵʩʰʯ ʻʿʻʸʬʩʹ ʩʸʨˈʳʨʴʹ, ˃ʸʵˆʨʹ, ʹʶʰʲʵʹ, ˃ʨʾʲʹ ʯʻ ʯʭʰʯ ˃ʨʾʲʰʹʳ˅ʨʳʬʲʹʨ˂.
ʨʹʬʯʰʨ ˅ʬˀʳʨʸʰʺʰ ʬʸʯʪʻʲʰʹ ˆʬʫʭʨ. ʾʭʯʨʬʩʸʰʭ ʳʵ˃ʾʭʸʨʫ ʳʵʭʲʬʴʰʲʳʨ ʻʮʬʴʨʬʹʰʹ
ʹʨˆʬʩʨʳ _ ˀʸʰ ʴʰʺʰʨʴʨʴʫʨ ʶʸʨʩˈʻʳ ʪʨʨʯʨʭʰʹʻʼʲʨ ʴʨʳʫʭʰʲʰ ʴʨʸʨʫˈʨʳʬʩʰ _ ˃ʳʬʩʰ
ˇʨʪʨʰ ʫʨ ʳʨʫˈʨʰ. ʨʳʰʯ ʪʭʰˁʭʬʴʨ, ʸʵʪʵʸ ʹ˄ʿʨʲʵʩʹ ˅ʬˀʳʨʸʰʺʰ ʬʸʯʪʻʲʰ ʱʨ˂ʯʨ ˀʵʸʰʹ
ʻʳʫʨʩʲʬʹʯ. ʨʳʸʰʪʨʫ, ʴʨʸʨʫˈʨʳʨʳ, ʫʨʪʳʵʩʰʲʳʨ ʾʳʸʯʨʬʩʸʰʭʰ ʶʰʸʵʭʴʬʩʰʹ ʳʰʬʸ,
ʱʭʲʨʭ ˀʬʰ˃ʲʬʩʨ ʪʨʳʵʨʾʭʰ˃ʵʹ ʹʨʱʻʯʨʸʰ ʹʻʲʰʬʸʰ ˂ʴʵʩʰʬʸʬʩʨ ʳˆʵʲʵʫ ʬʸʯʪʻʲʰʹ
ˀʬʳ˄ʬʵʩʰʯ.
ˀʸʰ ˁʨʰʺʨʴʰʨ ʳʨˈʨʶʸʨʩˈʻʳ ʬʸʯʪʻʲʯʨ ʹʨʽʳʰʨʴʵʩʰʹ _ ʩˈʨʪʨʭʨʺʨ-ʫˈʨʸʳʨʹ _ ʽʨʫʨʪʬʩʰʹʨʹ
ʻʸˁʰʨ ˆʨʲˆʹ, ʪʻʲʰʹʿʻʸʰʯ ʬʹʳʰʴʨʯ ʾʳʸʯʨʬʩʸʰʭʰ ʶʰʸʵʭʴʬʩʰʹ ʬʶʰʹʺʵʲʬ, ʸʵʳʲʰʹ
ʫʬʫʨʨʮʸʰ ˁʨʽʹʵʭʰʲʰʨ "ʩˈʨʪʨʭʨʫ-ʪʰʺʨˀʰ". ʳˆʵʲʵʫ ʨʹʬʯʰ ʳˀʭʰʫʰ ʫʨ
ʳʵ˄ʨʫʰʴʬʩʻʲʰ ʿʻʸʯʨʳʰʶʿʸʵʩʰʯ ˀʬʰ˃ʲʬʩʨ ʱʨ˂ʯʨ ˀʵʸʰʹ ʻʳʫʨʩʬʲʹʯʨ
ʪʨʴʯʨʭʰʹʻʼʲʬʩʨ. ʳʨʪʸʨʳ, ʳʨʯʫʨ ʹʨʭʨʲʨʲʵʫ, ʰʹʰʴʰ ʻʨʸʹ ʨʳʩʵʩʬʴ ʰʳʨʮʬ˂ ʱʰ, ʸʵʳ

15

Tavi meSvide _ uzenaesis Secnoba

ʹʳʬʴʨ ʳʰʨʶʿʸʵʴ ʨʳ ˄ʳʰʴʫʨ ˄ʬʸʰʲʬʩʹ ʫʨ ʸʨʾʨ ʻʴʫʨ ʭʯʽʭʨʯ ʻʼʲʰʹ ʴʬʩʰʹʨʫʳʰ
ʳʰʴʫʵʩʨʮʬ?!
ʴʨʸʨʫˈʨʳʬʩʰ _ ʫʨʳ˂ʸʵʩʰʲ-ʫʨʱʴʰʴʬʩʻʲʰ ʨʸʹʬʩʬʩʰ ʱʨ˂ʯʨ ˀʵʸʰʹ, ʻʪʻʲʭʬʩʬʲʿʵʼʬʴ
ʨʫʨʳʰʨʴʰʹ ʻʳʨʾʲʬʹ ʳʵʭʨʲʬʵʩʨʹ.
3. ʫʻˀʱʸʰʺʬʩʰʹ ˀʬʳʫʬʪ ˇʪʻʼʹ ʳʰʬʱʻʯʭʴʬʩʰʨʴ ʳʨʰʨʶʨˈʸʰʺʨ-ˇʴʨʴʬʩʰ, ʨʴʻ ʰʹʰʴʰ,
ʸʵʳʬʲʯʨ ʪʵʴʬʩʸʰʭʰ ˀʬʹʨ˃ʲʬʩʲʵʩʨʴʰ ʰʲʻʮʵʸʻʲ ʳʨʺʬʸʰʨʲʻʸ ʬʴʬʸʪʰʨʹ
ʨʸʨʸʨʵʩʨʫ ʻʽ˂ʬʭʰʨ. ʬʸʯʵʩ ʪʨʴʨʯʲʬʩʻʲʰʨ ʳʨʯʰ ʻʳʸʨʭʲʬʹʵʩʨ _ ʼʰʲʵʹʵʼʵʹʰ
ʳʵʨʮʸʵʭʴʬʴʰ, ʲʰʺʬʸʨʺʵʸʬʩʰ, ʳʬ˂ʴʰʬʸʬʩʨʯʨ ʹˆʭʨʫʨʹˆʭʨ ʫʨʸʪʰʹ ʹ˄ʨʭʲʻʲʴʰ _
ʳʨʪʸʨʳ ˄ʨʸʳʵʹʨˆʭʰʯʰ ʬʴʬʸʪʰʰʹ ˂ʯʻʴʬʩʨʹ ʨˈʿʵʲʰʨʴ ʫʨ ʬʻʸˁʬʩʰʨʴ ʻʮʬʴʨʬʹ ʻʼʨʲʹ.
ʫʾʬʰʹʨʯʭʰʹ ʨʸʰʹ ʻʨʳʸʨʭʰ ʳʨʰʨʶʨˈʸʰʺʨ-ˇʴʨʴʨ, "ʩˈʨʪʨʭʨʫ-ʪʰʺʨʹ" ʳ˂ʵʫʴʬʯʨ ˀʵʸʰʹʨ˂
ʱʰ. "ʪʰʺʨˀʰ" ʴʨʯʲʨʫ ʫʨ ʻʩʸʨʲʵʫ ʴʨʯʽʭʨʳʰʨ, ʸʵʳ ˀʸʰ ʱʸʰˀʴʨ ʻʮʬʴʨʬʹʰ
ʾʳʸʯʨʬʩʸʰʭʰ ʶʰʸʵʭʴʬʩʨʨ _ ʨʸʨʭʰʴʨʨ ʳʰʹʰ ʹ˄ʵʸʰ ʫʨ ʳʰʯ ʻʼʸʵ _ ʳʨʹʮʬ ʨʾʳʨʺʬʩʻʲʰ.
ʰʪʰ ʳʵˆʹʬʴʰʬʩʻʲʰʨ ʩʸʨˈʳʨʹ, ʳʯʬʲʰ ʱʨ˂ʵʩʸʰʵʩʰʹ ʯʨʭʫʨʶʰʸʭʬʲʰ ʳʨʳʰʹ, ʳʨʳʨʫ.
ʳʨʪʸʨʳ ʰʪʰ ʨʸʰʹ ʨʸʨ ʳˆʵʲʫʵ ʩʸʨˈʳʨʹ ʳʨʳʨ, ʨʸʨʳʬʫ ʿʭʬʲʨ ˂ʵ˂ˆʨʲʰ ʨʸʹʬʩʰʹ ʳˀʵʩʬʲʰ.
ʰʪʰʨ ʻʶʰʸʵʭʴʵ ʩʸʨˈʳʨʴʰʹʨ ʫʨ ʶʨʸʨʳʨʺʳʨʹ ʨʾʳʵʳ˂ʬʴʬʩʬʲʰ ʼʬʹʭʰ. ʿʵʭʬʲʰ
ʹʻʲʫʪʳʻʲʰʹ ʪʻʲˀʰ ʫʨʭʨʴʬʩʻʲʰ ʮʬʹʻʲʰ˂ ʳʰʹʰ ʹʸʻʲʰ ʴʨ˄ʰʲʰʨ. ʹʨʯʨʭʬʨ ʿʵʭʬʲʰ
ʳʿʵʼʰʹʨ ʫʨ ʳʿʵʼʵʩʰʹʨ, ʨʳʰʺʵʳʨ˂ ʳʰʹ ʲʵʺʵʹʰʹʫʨʸ ʺʬʸʼʬʩʹ ʻʴʫʨ ʳʰʬʴʫʵʹ ʿʭʬʲʨ.
ʨʳ ʪʨʳ˅ʭʰʸʭʨʲʬ ʹʰʳʨʸʯʲʰʹ ʳʰʻˆʬʫʨʭʨʫ ʳʨʰʨʶʨˈʸʰʺʨ-ˇʴʨʴʬʩʰ ʨʻʪʨʫ ʰˆʹʬʴʰʬʩʬʴ
ʻʼʲʰʹ ʶʰʸʵʭʴʬʩʨʹ ʫʨ ʳˆʵʲʵʫ ʨʫʨʳʰʨʴʨʫ ʳʰʨˁʴʰʨʯ ʰʪʰ. ʭʬʸ ˀʬʻ˂ʭʴʰʨʯ, ʸʵʳ
ʨʫʨʳʰʨʴʰʹ ʹʰ˂ʵ˂ˆʲʰʹ ʱʻʸʯˆʬʻʲʰ ʼʵʸʳʨ ʻʮʬʴʨʬʹʰʹ ʳʨʸʨʫʰʻʲʰ, ˄ʨʸʻʫʰʴʬʩʬʲʰ
ʺʸʨʴʹ˂ʬʴʫʬʴʺʻʸʰ ʹʨˆʰʹ ʳʰˆʬʫʭʰʯ ʨʸʰʹ ˀʬʽʳʴʰʲʰ.
ʳʨʰʨʶʨˈʸʰʺʨ-ˇʴʨʴʬʩʰʹ ʳʰʬʸ "ʪʰʺʨʹ" ʿʵʭʬʲʰ ʨʸʨʨʭʺʵʸʰʺʬʺʻʲʰ ʰʴʺʬʸʶʸʬʺʨ˂ʰʨ
ʹʨʬ˅ʭʵʨ. ʨʳ ˄ʳʰʴʫʨ ˄ʰʪʴʰʹ ʳˁˆʸʬʱʬʲʴʰ ʶʨʸʨʳʶʨʸʨʹ ʸʰʪʹ ʨʸ ʳʰʬʱʻʯʭʴʬʩʰʨʴ ʫʨ
ʹʻʲʰʬʸʰ ˀʬʳʬ˂ʴʬʩʰʹ ʪʮʨʮʬ ˀʬʳʫʪʨʸ ʨʫʨʳʰʨʴʬʩʹ ʬʾʵʩʬʩʰʨʴ. ʰʹʰʴʰ ʻʨʸʹ ʨʳʩʵʩʬʴ,
ʳʰʬʴʫʵʴ ʻʼʲʰʹ ʲʵʺʵʹʰʹʫʨʸ ʺʬʸʼʬʩʹ ʫʨ ʹˆʭʬʩʹʨ˂ ʻʸʬʭʬʴ ʪʵʴʬʩʨʹ.
4. ʫʻˀʱʸʰʺʰʹ ʩʵʲʵ ˇʪʻʼʰʹ ˄ʨʸʳʵʳʨʫʪʬʴʲʬʩʹ ʬ˄ʵʫʬʩʨʯ ʨʹʻʸʨʳ ʩˈʨʭʨʳ ʨˀʸʰʺʨˈ,
ʨʴʻ ʫʬʳʵʴʻʸʰ ˂ʴʵʩʰʬʸʬʩʰʹ ʳʽʵʴʬʴʰ. ʰʹʰʴʰ ˀʬʻʴʰʾʩʨʭʰ ʾʭʯʰʹʳʪʳʵʩʬʲʴʰ ʨʸʰʨʴ.
ʮʵʪʰ ʳʨʯʪʨʴʰ ʯʨʭʪʨʳʵʫʬʩʰʯ ʨʳʺʱʰ˂ʬʩʹ, ʸʵʳ ʻʮʬʴʨʬʹ ʻʼʨʲʹ ʨʸ ˀʬʻ˃ʲʰʨ ʨʳʽʭʬʿʴʨʫ
ʳʵʭʲʰʴʬʩʨ. ʨʹʬʯ ʳʺʱʰ˂ʬʩʨʹ ˆʵʳ ʻʴʫʨ ʨˆʲʫʬʹ ʴʨʳʫʭʰʲʵʩʰʹ ʳʨˁʭʬʴʬʩʬʲʰ ʸʨʰʳʬ
ʹʨʩʻʯʰ. ʳʬʵʸʬʴʰ ˀʸʰ ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ ʻʶʰʸʵʭʴʵ ʴʰˀʨʴ-ʯʭʰʹʬʩʨʯʨ ʳʽʵʴʬʫ ʯʭʲʰʨʴ. "ʪʰʺʨˀʰ"
ʹʨ˄ʰʴʨʨʾʳʫʬʪʵʨ ʫʨʫʨʹʺʻʸʬʩʻʲʰ. ʻʮʬʴʨʬʹʰʹ ʳʵˀʻʸʴʬ ʻʾʳʬʸʯʵʴʰ ʳʰʻʯʰʯʬʩʬʴ
ʳʸʨʭʨʲ ʰʴʱʨʸʴʨ˂ʰʨʮʬ, ʸʵʳʲʬʩʰ˂ ʳʨʯʰ ʬ.˄. ˅ʱʻʰʹ ʹʨˆʬʲʵʹʴʵˀʰʨ ˀʬʱʵ˄ʰ˄ʬʩʻʲʰ.
ʰʹʬʯʰ ʶʰʸʵʭʴʬʩʨʴʰ, ʸʵʳʲʬʩʰ˂ ʯʨʭʰʨʴʯʰ ʹʰ˂ʵ˂ˆʲʰʹ ʳʰʮʴʨʫ ʻʮʬʴʨʬʹʰ
ʾʳʸʯʨʬʩʸʰʭʰ ʶʰʸʵʭʴʬʩʰʹ ʨʻʪʨʫ ʳʵˆʹʬʴʰʬʩʨ ʪʨʻˆʫʰʨʯ, ʭʬʸ ʳʰʬʴʫʵʩʰʨʴ ʻʼʲʰʹ
ʲʵʺʵʹʰʹʫʨʸ ʺʬʸʼʬʩʹ.
ʫʰʨʫʳʨ ʬʸʯʪʻʲʳʨ ʹʨʳˆʸʬʯ ʰʴʫʵʬʯʰʫʨʴ _ ˀʸʰ ʰʨʳʻʴʨˁʨʸʰʨ ʨʲʩʨʴʫʨʸʻʳ ʩʸ˃ʨʴʨ: "ʵ,
ˁʬʳʵ ʻʼʨʲʵ, ˀʬʴʰ ˀʬ˂ʴʵʩʰʹ ˃ʨʲʰ ʭʰʴ ʳʰʹ˂ʨ ʳʨʯ, ʭʰʴ˂ ʾʭʯʰʹʳʪʳʵʩʬʲ ʰʫʬʬʩʹ
ʰʮʰʨʸʬʩʬʴ, ʳʰʻˆʬʫʨʭʨʫ ˀʬʴʰ ʨʸʨˁʭʬʻʲʬʩʸʰʭʰ ʯʭʰʹʬʩʬʩʰʹ, ʨʶʹʬʽʺʬʩʰʹʨ ʫʨ
ˀʬʳʵʽʳʬʫʬʩʰʹʨ, ʳʰʻˆʬʫʨʭʨʫ ʰʳʰʹʨ, ʸʵʳ ˀʬʴʰ ʶʰʸʵʭʴʬʩʰʹ ʨʸʹʬʩʵʩʨʹ ʹʨʯʴʵʬʩʰʹ

16

Tavi meSvide _ uzenaesis Secnoba

ʳʵʫʻʹˀʰ ʳʿʵʼʰ ʿʭʬʲʨ ʪʨʴʫʵʩʰʲʰ ˄ʬʸʰʲʰ ʨʫʨʹʺʻʸʬʩʹ ʫʨ ʳʰʻˆʬʫʨʭʨʫ ʰʳʰʹʨ, ʸʵʳ
ˀʬʴʹ ʨʸʹʬʩʵʩʨ ʨʾʰʨʸʬʩʬʴ ʺʸʨʴʹ˂ʬʴʫʬʴʺʻʸʰ ʹʰʩʸ˃ʴʰʹ ˀʬ˂ʴʵʩʰʹ ʹʨˆʬʲʪʨʴʯʽʳʻʲʰ
ʳʯʬʲʰ ʨʭʺʵʸʰʺʬʺʬʩʰ, ʸʵʳʲʬʩʰ˂ ʯʨʭʨʫ ʨʸʰʨʴ ˀʬʳʱʻʲʴʰ ʾʭʯʰʻʸʰ ʾʰʸʹʬʩʬʩʰʯ."
ʨʳʰʺʵʳ (1) ʻʱʰʫʻʸʬʹʨʫ ʻʳʬ˂ʸʨʴʰ, (2) ʱʨ˂ʯʨ ˀʵʸʰʹ ʻʳʫʨʩʲʬʹʴʰ, (3) ˄ʳʰʴʫʨ
˄ʬʸʰʲʯʨ ʳˁˆʸʬʱʬʲʰ ʳʵʨʮʸʵʭʴʬ-ʱʵʳʬʴʺʨʺʵʸʬʩʰ ʫʨ (4) ʨˀʱʨʸʨ ʻʸ˄ʳʻʴʵʴʰ, ʸʵʪʵʸ˂
ʰʯʽʭʨ, ʨʸʨʹʵʫʬʹ ʳʰʬʴʫʵʩʰʨʴ ʻʮʬʴʨʬʹʰ ʾʳʸʯʨʬʩʸʰʭʰ ʶʰʸʵʭʴʬʩʰʹ ʲʵʺʵʹʰʹʫʨʸ
ʺʬʸʼʬʩʹ, ˄ʳʰʴʫʨ ˄ʬʸʰʲʯʨ ʫʨ ʨʭʺʵʸʰʺʬʺʯʨ ʸˁʬʭʬʩʰʹ ʳʰʻˆʬʫʨʭʨʫ.
ʲʬʽʹʰ 16
ʪʨʳʵʸˁʬʻʲʵ ʩˈʨʸʨʺʨʯʨ ˀʵʸʰʹ, ʵʯˆʴʨʰʸʰ ʾʭʯʰʹʳʵʹʨʭʴʰ ʳʰʹʫʬʭʬʴ ˁʬʳʹ ʳʹʨˆʻʸʬʩʨʹ:
ʺʨʴˇʻʲʴʰ, ʽʵʴʬʩʨ-ʶʨʺʰʭʰʹ ʳʨ˃ʰʬʩʬʲʴʰ, ˂ʴʵʩʰʹʳʵʿʭʨʸʬʴʰ ʫʨ ʰʹʰʴʰ, ʭʰʴ˂ ʻʮʬʴʨʬʹʰ
ʬʸʯʨʫʬʸʯʰʹ ˀʬ˂ʴʵʩʨʹ ʬ˃ʰʬʩʬʴ.
ˀʰʴʨ-ʨʸʹʰ. ʨʸʨʳʮʨʫʬʩʰʹʨʪʨʴ ʪʨʴʹˆʭʨʭʬʩʰʯ, ʲʬʽʹˀʰ ˁʨʳʵʯʭʲʰʲʰ ʨʫʨʳʰʨʴʬʩʰ ˄ʳʰʴʫʨ
˄ʬʸʰʲʯʨ ʳʵʳ˄ʬʹʸʰʪʬʩʬʲ ʶʸʰʴ˂ʰʶʬʩʹ ʳʰˈʿʭʬʩʰʨʴ. ʳʨʯ ʬ˄ʵʫʬʩʨʯ ʹʻʱʸʰʺʰʴʨˈ.
ʬʳʵʸˁʰʲʬʩʰʨʴ ʪʨʴʫʵʩʰʲ ˄ʬʸʰʲʬʩˀʰ ʫʨʫʪʰʴʬʩʻʲ ʳʵʸʨʲʻʸ ʫʨ ʹʻʲʰʬʸ ʱʨʴʵʴʬʩʹ,
˄ʬʹʬʩʹʨ ʫʨ ʸʬʪʻʲʨ˂ʰʬʩʹ, ʸʰʯʨ˂ ʳʬʺ-ʴʨʱʲʬʩʨʫ ʬʸʯʪʻʲʬʩʬʴ ʻʼʨʲʹ. ʨʹʬʯʰ
ʶʰʸʵʭʴʬʩʬʩʰʹ ʵʯˆʰ ˇʪʻʼʰ ʨʸʹʬʩʵʩʹ _ ʰʹʰʴʰ, ʭʰʴ˂ ʰʺʨʴˇʬʩʰʨʴ, ʭʰʴ˂ ʹʰʳʫʰʫʸʬʹ
ʬˆʨʸʩʬʩʨ, ʭʰʴ˂ ˂ʴʵʩʰʹʳʵʿʭʨʸʬʵʩʨʹ ˀʬʻʶʿʸʰʨ ʫʨ ʭʰʴ˂ ʬʹ˄ʸʨʼʰʹ, ˀʬʰ˃ʰʴʵʹ ˂ʵʫʴʨ
ʻʮʬʴʨʬʹʰ ʻʼʲʰʹ ˀʬʹʨˆʬʩ.
ʨʫʨʳʰʨʴʬʩʰ ʹˆʭʨʫʨʹˆʭʨ ʪʨʸʬʳʵʬʩʨˀʰ ʳʰʳʨʸʯʨʭʬʴ ʻʼʲʰʹ ʬʸʯʪʻʲ ʹʨʳʹʨˆʻʸʹ, ʯʻʳ˂ʨ
ʨʸʨ ˄ʳʰʴʫʨ, ʻʨʴʪʨʸʵ ʳʰʮʴʰʯ, ʨʸʨʳʬʫ ʹʨʴʨ˂ʭʲʵʫ ʸʨʰʳʬ ˄ʨʫʰʲʰʹ ʨʹʸʻʲʬʩʨʹ
ʪʨʳʵʬʲʰʨʴ. ˅ʬˀʳʨʸʰʺʰ ʬʸʯʪʻʲʬʩʨ ʨʹʬʯ ʨʴʪʨʸʯʳʵʿʭʨʸʬʵʩʨʹ, ʸʨʰʳʬ ʳʵʪʬʩʰʹ
ʹʻʸʭʰʲʹ ʪʨʳʵʸʰ˂ˆʨʭʹ. "ʩˈʨʱʺʰ-ʸʨʹʨʳʸʰʺʨ-ʹʰʴʫˈʻˀʰ" (1.1.11) ʨʹʬʨ ʪʨʴʹʨʮʾʭʸʻʲʰ
ʻʼʲʰʹ ʴʨʳʫʭʰʲʰ ʬʸʯʪʻʲʰ ʹʨʳʹʨˆʻʸʰ:
"˂ʵ˂ˆʨʲʰ ʨʸʹʬʩʨ ʺʸʨʴʹ˂ʬʴʫʬʴʺʻʸʰ ʹʰʿʭʨʸʻʲʰʯ ʻʴʫʨ ʬʳʹʨˆʻʸʵʹ ʻʮʬʴʨʬʹ ʻʼʨʲʹ
- ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ, ʱʬʯʰʲʰ ʪʻʲʰʯʨ ʫʨ ʬʸʯʪʻʲʬʩʰʯ, ʳʰ˄ʰʬʸʰ ʪʨʳʵʸˁʬʴʰʹ, ʱʨʸʳʰʻʲʰ
ʹʨʽʳʰʨʴʵʩʰʯ ʳʰʾʬʩʻʲʰ ʳʵʪʬʩʰʹʨ ʯʻ ʼʰʲʵʹʵʼʰʻʸʰ ʨʮʸʯʨʳˁˆʸʬʱʬʲʵʩʰʹ
ʹʻʸʭʰʲʰʹ ʪʨʸʬˀʬ. ʨʰ, ʬʹ ʨʸʰʹ ʹʶʬʺʨʱʰ ʬʸʯʪʻʲʰ ʹʨʳʹʨˆʻʸʰ!"
ʸʵʫʬʹʨ˂ ʮʬʳʵʯ ˁʨʳʵʯʭʲʰʲʰ ʵʯˆʰ ˇʪʻʼʰʹ ʶʰʸʵʭʴʬʩʨʴʰ ˀʬʻʫʪʬʩʰʨʴ ʻʮʬʴʨʬʹʰ
ʻʼʲʰʹ ʬʸʯʪʻʲʬʩʰʹ ˄ʳʰʴʫʨ ʪʮʨʹ ʫʨ ˁʨʳʵʰʸʬ˂ˆʬʴ ʯʨʭʰʨʴʯ ʳʰ˄ʰʬʸ ʮʸʨˆʭʨʪʻʲʰʹʯʽʳʨʹ, ʻʸʯʰʬʸʯʵʩʬʴ ˅ʬˀʳʨʸʰʺ ʬʸʯʪʻʲʬʩʯʨʴ, ʯʨʭʨʫʨ˂ ʪʨʴʹʶʬʺʨʱʫʬʩʰʨʴ ʫʨ,
ʾʰʸʹʽʳʴʰʲʴʰ ʻʼʲʰʹ ˀʬ˂ʴʵʩʰʹʨ, ʴʨʳʫʭʰʲʰ ʳʹʨˆʻʸʬʩʰʯ ʻʫʨʹʺʻʸʬʩʬʴ ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ
ʯʨʭʰʨʴʯ ʹʰʿʭʨʸʻʲʹ.
ʸʨ˂ ˀʬʬˆʬʩʨʯ ʾʭʯʰʹʳʪʳʵʩʬʲ ʨʸʨʳʮʨʫʬʩʹ, ʰʹʰʴʰ ʨʳʨʹ ʭʬʸ ˀʬ˃ʲʬʩʬʴ, ʳʨʯʰ ʩʰ˄ʰʬʸʰ
ʩʻʴʬʩʰʹʨʯʭʰʹ ʬʸʯʪʻʲʬʩʨ ʻʨʾʸʬʹʨʫ ˃ʴʬʲʰʨ, ʳʨʯ ʯʨʭʱʬʸ˃ʨ ʫʨ ʳʵʻ˄ʬʹʸʰʪʬʩʬʲ
ʨʸʹʬʩʵʩʨʹ ʫʨʳˀʸʨʲʰ ʨʽʭʹ ʹʻʲʰʬʸʬʩʰʹ ʹʨʯʨʭʬ. ʳʨʪʸʨʳ ʯʻ ʸʵʳʬʲʰʳʬ ʳʨʯʪʨʴʹ
ʪʨʻʴʯʫʬʩʨ ʪʵʴʬʩʨ ʫʨ ʫʨʻʨˆʲʵʭʫʬʩʨ ˅ʬʳˀʨʸʰʺ ʬʸʯʪʻʲʹ, ʰʹ ʻʱʭʬ ˀʬʫʪʬʩʨ ˄ʳʰʴʫʨ
ʪʮʨʮʬ ʫʨ ʯʨʴʫʨʯʨʴʵʩʰʯ ʯʨʭʨʫʨ˂ ʪʨʴʰˀʵʸʬʩʹ ʿʵʭʬʲʪʭʨʸ ʳʰ˄ʰʬʸ ʮʨʫʹ.

17

Tavi meSvide _ uzenaesis Secnoba

ʭʰʴ˂ ʳˆʵʲʵʫ ʱʨʸʳʰʹ ʳʵʴʨʨ, ʨʽʬʯ-ʰʽʰʯ ʨ˄ʿʫʬʩʨ ʨʳ ˄ʻʯʰʹʵʼʲʰʫʨʴ ʸʨʰʳʬ ʪʨʳʵʸˁʬʴʨʹʨʸʪʬʩʲʰʹ ʳʰʹʨʾʬʩʨʫ, ʻʼʨʲʰ ʳʨˀʰʴ ʨˆʹʬʴʫʬʩʨʯ, ʸʵ˂ʨ ʹʨʽʳʬ ʱʨʸʪʨʫ ʨʸ ˄ʨʻʭʨʯ,
ʳʵʨʱʲʫʬʩʨʯ ʽʵʴʬʩʨ ʫʨ ʶʨʺʰʭʰ. ʳʫʪʵʳʨʸʬʵʩʰʹ ʪʨʹʨʻʳˇʵʩʬʹʬʩʲʨʫ ʻʨˆʲʵʭʫʬʩʰʨʴ
˄ʳʰʴʫʨ ʬʸʯʪʻʲʬʩʹ ʫʨ ʻʼʲʰʹ ʹʨʳʹʨˆʻʸʹ ʰ˄ʿʬʩʬʴ.
ʪʻʲʪʨʺʬˆʰʲʴʰ˂, ˆʬʲʳʵ˂ʨʸʻʲʴʰ˂, ʺʨʴˇʻʲʴʰ ʮʵʪˇʬʸ ʳʰʨʱʰʯˆʨʭʬʴ ʬʸʯʪʻʲʬʩʹ
ʫʨ ˂ʫʰʲʵʩʬʴ ʸʨʰʳʬ ʪʨʰʪʵʴ ʾʳʬʸʯʰʹ ˀʬʹʨˆʬʩ, ʯʨʭʰʨʴʯ ʹʨʹʵʬʩʨʹ ʨʳʨˀʰ ʶʵʻʲʵʩʬʴ.
ʨʹʬʭʬ ʰʽ˂ʬʭʰʨʴ ʬ.˄. ʹ˄ʨʭʲʻʲ-ʼʰʲʵʹʵʼʵʹʬʩʰ˂, ʸʵ˂ʨ ʪʻʲʰ ʨʻ˂ʸʻʭʫʬʩʨʯ ʹʨʬʸʵ
ʳʬ˂ʴʰʬʸʬʩʨˀʰ, ʳʵʹʰʴˇʨʭʬʴ ʸʨ ʳʰʹ ʿʭʬʲʨ ʫʨʸʪʹ ʫʨ ʪʻʲʰ ʪʨʻʺʿʫʬʩʨʯ, ʪʨʨˆʹʬʴʫʬʩʨʯ
ʻʼʨʲʰ, ʰ˄ʿʬʩʬʴ ʳʰʹʰ ʪʨʪʬʩʰʹ ˂ʫʨʹ ʫʨ ʳʰʳʨʸʯʨʭʬʴ ʬʸʯʪʻʲ ʳʹʨˆʻʸʬʩʨʹ. ʨʳʰʯ ʰʹʰʴʰ
ʬʮʰʨʸʬʩʰʨʴ ʻʶʰʸʵʭʴʵ ʩʸʨˈʳʨʴʰʹʨ ʫʨ ʿʵʭʬʲ ʨʸʹʬʩʨˀʰ ʫʨʫʪʰʴʬʩʻʲʰ ʶʨʸʨʳʨʺʳʨʹ
˂ʵʫʴʨʹ, ʨʪʸ˃ʬʲʬʩʬʴ ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ ˀʬ˂ʴʵʩʨʹ ʫʨ ʻʼʲʰʹ ˄ʿʨʲʵʩʰʯʨ ʫʨ ʳʰʹʰ ʬʸʯʪʻʲʰʹ
ʫʨˆʳʨʸʬʩʰʯ ʾʳʸʯʨʬʩʸʰʭʰ ʶʰʸʵʭʴʬʩʰʹ ˅ʬˀʳʨʸʰʺʨʫ ʨʸʹʬʩʵʩʰʹ ʸ˄ʳʬʴʨʳʫʬ
ʳʨʾʲʫʬʩʰʨʴ.
ʹʨʬʸʯʵʫ, ʸʵʫʬʹʨ˂ ˁʨʳʵʯʭʲʰʲʰ ʹʨˆʰʹ ʶʰʸʵʭʴʬʩʨʴʰ ʪʨʴʰˀʵʸʬʩʬʴ ʿʵʭʬʲʪʭʨʸ ʳʰ˄ʰʬʸ
˄ʨʫʰʲʹ ʫʨ ˆʭʫʬʩʰʨʴ, ʸʵʳ ʰʹ, ʸʨ˂ ʳʨʯ ˆʰʩʲʨʭʫʨʯ ʨʫʸʬ, ʩʵʸʱʰʲʬʩʨʫ ʬʫʵ ʳʨʯʹ
ʹʻʲʰʬʸ ˄ʰʴʹʭʲʨʹ, ˄ʳʰʴʫʨ ʬʸʯʪʻʲʬʩʰʹ ʳʨʫʲʰʯ ʴʨʯʫʬʩʰʨʴ. ʱʨʸʳʰʻʲʰ
˅ʨʶʨʴ˄ʿʭʬʺʰʯ, ʹʨʬʸʵ ʹʰʩʸ˃ʴʰʹ ˃ʰʬʩʰʯ ʫʨ ʹˆʭʨ ʳʨʴʱʰʬʸʬʩʬʩʰʯ ʫʨʾʫʨʹʳʻʲʴʰ
ʪʨʴʰ˄ʳʰʴʫʬʩʰʨʴ ʻʼʲʰʹ ʺʸʨʴʹ˂ʬʴʫʬʴʺʻʸ ʹʨʳʹʨˆʻʸˀʰ. ʬ.ʰ. ʻʼʲʰʹ ˂ʴʵʩʰʬʸʬʩʨʳʫʬ
ʳʰʹʨʹʭʲʬʲʨʫ ʨʻ˂ʰʲʬʩʬʲʰʨ ʹʨʱʻʯʨʸ ʯʨʭʮʬ, ʹʨʱʻʯʨʸ ˄ʨʸʹʻʲʹʨ ʫʨ ʳʰʮʴʬʩʮʬ
ʨʳʨʾʲʬʩʨ.
ʲʬʽʹʰ 17
ʳʨʯ ˀʵʸʰʹ ʰʹ, ʭʰʴ˂ ʩʸ˃ʬʴʰʨ ʫʨ ʻʼʲʰʹ ʳʨʸʨʫʰʻʲʰ ˄ʳʰʴʫʨ ʳʹʨˆʻʸʰʨ, ʪʨʳʵʸˁʬʻʲʰʨ
ˁʬʳʪʨʴ; ʳʬ˂ ʬʸʯʵʩ ˃ʭʰʸʼʨʹʰ ʭʨʸ ʳʰʹʯʭʰʹ ʫʨ ʰʹʰ˂ ˃ʭʰʸʼʨʹʰʨ ˁʬʳʯʭʰʹ.
ˀʰʴʨ-ʨʸʹʰ. ʳʨʺʬʸʰʨʲʻʸʰ ʭʴʬʩʰʹʳʰʬʸʰ ʻ˄ʳʰʴʫʻʸʵʩʰʹʨʪʨʴ ʹʸʻʲʨʫ ʪʨʴ˄ʳʬʴʫʰʲʰ
ʺʨʴˇʻʲʰ, ˂ʴʵʩʰʹʳʵʿʭʨʸʬ, ʹʰʳʫʰʫʸʰʹ ʳʨ˃ʰʬʩʬʲʰ ʯʻ ʻʳʨʾʲʬʹʰ ˂ʵʫʴʰʹ ʳʵ˄ʨʫʰʴʬ
ʨʫʨʳʰʨʴʬʩʰ ˀʬʰ˃ʲʬʩʨ ˄ʳʰʴʫʨ ʬʸʯʪʻʲʬʩʰʹ ʳʨʫʲʰʯ ʪʨʴʨʯʫʴʬʴ. ʳʨʯʪʨʴ ʰʹ, ʭʰʴ˂
ʨʩʹʵʲʻʺʻʸʰ ˅ʬˀʳʨʸʰʺʬʩʰʹ ʹʰʩʸ˃ʴʬʹ ʬʮʰʨʸʬʩʨ ʫʨ ˁʨʳʵʰ˂ʰʲʬʩʹ ʯʨʭʰʹ ˄ʨʸʹʻʲ
ʪʻʲʰʹʯʽʳʨʯʨ ʫʨ ʳʰʮʴʬʩʹ, ʻʼʲʰʹ ˄ʳʰʴʫʨ ʬʸʯʪʻʲʰ ˆʫʬʩʨ. ʨʳʨʹ ʳʰʪʭʰʯʰʯʬʩʹ ʯʭʰʯ
ʻʼʨʲʰ.
ʾʭʯʰʻʸʰ ʹʰʩʸ˃ʴʰʹ ˃ʰʬʩʰʹ ʪʮʨʮʬ ʨʫʨʳʰʨʴʰ ˆʭʫʬʩʨ, ʸʵʳ ʳʰʹʰ "ʳʬ" ʪʨʴʹˆʭʨʭʫʬʩʨ
ʳʨʺʬʸʰʨʲʻʸʰ ʹˆʬʻʲʰʹʨʪʨʴ, ʨʳʰʹ ˀʬʳʫʬʪ ʻʶʰʸʵʭʴʵ ʩʸʨˈʳʨʴʰʹʨ ʫʨ ʶʨʸʨʳʨʺʳʨʹ
ˀʬ˂ʴʵʩʨʹ ʰ˄ʿʬʩʨ ʫʨ ʨʹʬ ʯʨʴʫʨʯʨʴ ʳʨʾʲʫʬʩʨ ʻʼʲʰʹ ˂ʴʵʩʰʬʸʬʩʨʳʫʬ. ʳʰʹʰ ʸ˄ʳʬʴʨ ʨʹʬ
ʿʨʲʰʩʫʬʩʨ - ʳʰʹʰ ʾʭʯʰʭ ʫʨʫʪʰʴʬʩʻʲʰ ʳʵ˄ʵʫʬʩʨʨ, ʰʿʵʹ ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ ʬʸʯʪʻʲʰ.
ʨʳʪʭʨʸʨʫ, ˄ʳʰʴʫʨ ʬʸʯʪʻʲʬʩʯʨʴ ʻʸʯʰʬʸʯʵʩʰʹ ˄ʿʨʲʵʩʰʯ ʿʭʬʲʨ _ ʰʽʴʬʩʨ ʰʹ
ʺʨʴˇʻʲʰ, ˂ʴʵʩʰʹ˄ʨʫʰʲʰʯ ˀʬʶʿʸʵʩʰʲʰ, ʨʴʪʨʸʯʳʵʿʭʨʸʬ ʯʻ ʾʭʯʰʻʸʰ ˂ʵʫʴʰʹ
ʳʨ˃ʰʬʩʬʲʰ - ˄ʳʰʴʫʨʴʬʩʨʳʫʬ ʳʨʾʲʫʬʩʰʨʴ.

18

Tavi meSvide _ uzenaesis Secnoba

ʨʳ ʹʰʳʨʾʲʬʳʫʬ ʳʰʹʨʹʭʲʬʲʨʫ ʫʨʹʨ˄ʿʰʹˀʰ ʻʼʨʲʰ ʫʰʫʨʫ ʹ˄ʿʨʲʵʩʹ ʳʨʹ, ʭʰʴ˂
˂ʫʰʲʵʩʹ, ˁʨʹ˄ʭʫʬʹ ʻʮʬʴʨʬʹʰʹ ʹʸʻʲ ʺʸʨʴʹ˂ʬʴʫʬʴʺʻʸ ʹʰʩʸ˃ʴʬʹ ʫʨ ʬʸʯʪʻʲʨʫ
ʬʳʹʨˆʻʸʬʩʨ ʳʨʹ. ʨʹʬʯ ʶʰʸʵʭʴʬʩʨʹ ʻʱʭʬ ʭʬʸ ˀʬʬˆʬʩʨ ʳʰ˄ʰʬʸʰ ʻ˄ʳʰʴʫʻʸʬʩʨ.
ʲʬʽʹʰ 18
ʨʹʬʯʰ ʬʸʯʪʻʲʴʰ, ʻʫʨʵʫ, ʫʰʨʫʰ ʹʻʲʬʩʰ ʨʸʰʨʴ. ʨʳʨʯʪʨʴ ʪʨʳʵʭʨʸˁʬʭ ʫʨ ˁʬʳʫʨ
ʺʵʲʨʫ ʭʸʨ˂ˆ ʳʨʹ, ʭʰʴ˂ ˁʬʳʹ ˂ʴʵʩʰʬʸʬʩʨʹ ʳʰʹ˄ʭʫʨ. ˁʬʳʰ ʺʸʨʴʹ˂ʬʴʫʬʴʺʻʸʰ
ʳʹʨˆʻʸʬʩʰʹʨ ʫʨ ˂ʵʫʴʰʹ ʪʨʳʵ ʰʪʰ ʨʻ˂ʰʲʬʩʲʨʫ ʳʵʭʨ ˁʬʳʯʨʴ _ ʻʳʨʾʲʬʹ ʫʨ
ʹʸʻʲʿʵʼʰʲ ʳʰʮʨʴʯʨʴ.
ˀʰʴʨ-ʨʸʹʰ. ʨʸ ʪʬʪʵʴʵʯ, ʸʵʳ ʹʸʻʲʿʵʼʰʲ ˂ʵʫʴʨʹ ʳʵʱʲʬʩʻʲʰ ʳʹʨˆʻʸʴʰ ˃ʭʰʸʼʨʹʴʰ
ʨʸ ʨʸʰʨʴ ʻʼʲʰʹʨʯʭʰʹ, ʸʵʳʲʰʹ ʨʮʸʰʯ, ʰʹʰʴʰ ʰʯʭʲʬʩʰʨʴ ʫʰʨʫ ʹʻʲʬʩʨʫ, ʳʨˈʨʺʳʨʫ,
ʸʨʱʰ ʳʨʯ ʳʰʳʨʸʯʬʹ ʾʳʬʸʯʹ. ʻʼʨʲʰ ʾʬʩʻʲʵʩʹ ʰʳ ʬʸʪʯʻʲʯʨ ʹʨʳʹʨˆʻʸʹʨ˂,
ʸʵʳʬʲʴʰ˂ ʸʨʰʳʬ ʹʨʸʪʬʩʬʲʹ ʪʨʳʵʬʲʰʨʴ, ʹʰʿʭʨʸʻʲʮʬ ʶʨʹʻˆʵʩʹ ʫʨ ˆʬʲʻ˄ʿʵʩʹ
ʳʰʮʴʬʩʰʹ ʨʾʹʸʻʲʬʩʨˀʰ. ʱʳʨʿʵʼʰʲʬʩʰʯ ʹʨʭʹʬ ʬʸʯʪʻʲʴʰ ʻʼʸʵ ˄ʳʰʴʫʨ ʳʹʨˆʻʸʬʩʨʹ
ʬʹ˄ʸʨʼʰʨʴ.
ʳʨʪʸʨʳ ʹʸʻʲʰʨʫ ʪʨʳʵʸˁʬʻʲʰʨ ʹʸʻʲʿʵʼʰʲʰ ʹʰʩʸ˃ʴʰʯ ʳʵʹʰʲʰ ʬʸʯʪʻʲʰ, ʰʪʰ
˃ʭʰʸʼʨʹʨʫ ʰʯʭʲʬʩʨ ʻʼʲʰʹʨʯʭʰʹ. ʸʨʱʰ ʨʹʬʯʰ ʳʨʫʲ˂ˆʬʩʻʲʰ ʬʸʯʪʻʲʰʹʨʯʭʰʹ
ʻʫʰʫʬʹʰ ʩʬʫʴʰʬʸʬʩʨʨ, ˄ʨʳʰʯʨ˂ ʨʸ ˁʨʳʵˀʵʸʫʬʹ ʻʼʨʲʮʬ ʼʰʽʸʹʨ ʫʨ ʻʸʯʰʬʸʯʵʩʨʹ,
ʿʵʭʬʲʰʭ ʪʨʳʰʾʵʹ ʳʰʹ ʹʨʳʹʨˆʻʸʨʫ, ʻʮʬʴʨʬʹʰ ʾʭʯʰʻʸʰ ʹʰʿʭʨʸʻʲʰʯ ʨˇʰʲʫʵʬʩʹ ʳʨʹ
ʫʨ ʨʸʨʹʵʫʬʹ ʰ˂ʰʲʬʩʹ ʪʭʬʸʫʰʫʨʴ.
"ˀʸʰʳʨʫ-ʩˈʨʪʨʭʨʺʨʳˀʰ" (9.4.68) ʻʼʨʲʰ ʨʳʩʵʩʹ:
"ʬʸʯʪʻʲʴʰ ʳʨʸʨʫ ˁʬʳʹ ʪʻʲˀʰ ʨʸʰʨʴ ʫʨ ʳʬ˂ ʳʨʯ ʪʻʲʬʩˀʰ ʭʨʸ ʫʨʳʱʭʰʫʸʬʩʻʲʰ. ʳʨʯ
ʨʸʨʼʬʸʰ ʰ˂ʰʨʴ ˁʬʳʹ ʪʨʸʫʨ ʫʨ ʳʬ˂ ʭʬʸ ʭʰʭʰ˄ʿʬʩ ʳʨʯ. ˁʭʬʴ ʻʳ˅ʰʫʸʵʬʹʨʫ ʭʨʸʯ
ʬʸʯʳʨʴʬʯʯʨʴ ʫʨʱʨʭˀʰʸʬʩʻʲʰ. ʹʸʻʲʰ ˂ʴʵʩʰʬʸʬʩʰʹ ʳʽʵʴʬʯ ʨʸʨʹʵʫʬʹ ʳʵʨʱʲʬʩʨʯ
ˁʬʳʯʨʴ ʹʻʲʰʬʸʰ ʻʸʯʰʬʸʯʵʩʨ. ʰʹʰʴʰ ʬʸʯʵʩ ˃ʭʰʸʼʨʹʴʰ ʨʸʰʨʴ ˁʬʳʯʭʰʹ."
ʲʬʽʹʰ 19
ʳʸʨʭʨʲʰ ʫʨʩʨʫʬʩʰʹʨ ʫʨ ʹʰʱʭʫʰʲʰʹ ˀʬʳʫʬʪ ʩʸ˃ʬʴʰ ʳʵʳʬʴʫʵʩʨ, ˀʬʳʰ˂ʴʵʩʹ ʸʨ ʳʬ
ʿʵʭʬʲʰ ʳʰʮʬʮʰʹʨ ʫʨ ʿʵʭʬʲʰʭʬ ʨʸʹʬʩʻʲʰʹ ʳʰʮʬʮʨʫ. ʨʹʬʯʰ ʫʰʨʫʰ ʹʻʲʰ ʳʬʺʨʫ
ʰˀʭʰʨʯʨʫ ʰʩʨʫʬʩʨ.
ˀʰʴʨ-ʨʸʹʰ. ʳʸʨʭʨʲʰ ʪʨʴʳʬʵʸʬʩʨʫʰ ʫʨʩʨʫʬʩʰʹ ʶʸʵ˂ʬʹˀʰ ˄ʳʰʴʫʨ ʸʰʺʻʨʲʬʩʰʹ ʨʴ
ʬʸʯʪʻʲʰ ʹʨʳʹʨˆʻʸʰʹ ˀʬʹʸʻʲʬʩʰʹʨʹ ʨʫʨʳʰʨʴʰʹ, ʯʻʴʫʨ ˄ʿʭʫʰʨʫˀʰ ʫʨʴʯʽʳʻʲʰ,
ʪʵʴʬʩʰʹʪʨ˂ʰʹʱʸʵʭʴʬʩʨ ʫʨ ʪʨʪʬʩʨ ʰʳʰʹʨ, ʸʵʳ ʻʮʬʴʨʬʹʰ ʾʳʸʯʨʬʩʸʰʭʰ ʶʰʸʵʭʴʬʩʨ
ʹʻʲʰʬʸʰ ˀʬʳʬ˂ʴʬʩʰʹ ʹʨʩʵʲʵʵ ʳʰʮʨʴʰʨ. ʹʻʲʰʬʸʰ ˀʬʳʬ˂ʴʬʩʰʹ ʫʨʹʨ˄ʿʰʹˀʰ, ʸʵʫʳʬʹʨ˂
ʨʫʨʳʰʨʴʰ ˂ʫʰʵʩʹ, ˁʨʳʵʰˀʵʸʵʹ ʿʵʭʬʲʰʭʬ ʳʰ˄ʰʬʸʰ, ʯʨʭʹ ʰˁʬʴʬʴ ʪʨʸʱʭʬʻʲʰ
˂ʯʻʴʬʩʨʴʰ, ʸʵʳʬʲʯʨ ʯʨʴʫʨʯʴʵʩʰʯ ʪʨʫʨʲʨˆʭʰʯ ˆʭʫʬʩʨ, ʸʵʳ ʹʻʲʰʬʸ ˂ˆʵʭʸʬʩʨˀʰ
ʨʸʰʹ ʬʸʯʪʻʲʰ ʹʨʳʹʨˆʻʸʰ, ʸʵʳʲʰʹ ˃ʨʲʰʯʨ˂ ˀʬʰ˃ʲʬʩʨ ʻʮʬʴʨʬʹʯʨʴ ʳʰʨˆʲʬʩʨ ʫʨ
ʳʰʴʫʵʩʨ; ʸʵʳ ʭʬʸʨʼʬʸʰ ˀʬʬʫʸʬʩʨ ˀʸʰ ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ ˄ʿʨʲʵʩʨʹ; ʸʵʳ ʰʪʰʨ ʿʵʭʬʲ
ʳʰʮʬʮʯʨʳʰʮʬʮʰ ʫʨ ʸʵʳ ʳʯʬʲʰ ʳʨʺʬʸʰʨʲʻʸʰ ʪʨʴʼʬʴʰʲʵʩʨ ʳʨʹʮʬʨ ʫʨʳʵʱʰʫʬʩʻʲʰ.
ʳʰʹʯʭʰʹ ʨˀʱʨʸʨʭʫʬʩʨ ˃ʴʬʲʨʫ ʳʰʹʨˆʭʬʫʸʰ ˅ʬˀʳʨʸʰʺʬʩʨ, ʸʵʳ ʳʨʺʬʸʰʨʲʻʸʰ ʹʨʳʿʨʸʵ
ʹʻʲʰʬʸʰ ʳʸʨʭʨʲʼʬʸʵʭʴʬʩʰʹ ʫʨʳʨˆʰʴˇʬʩʻʲʰ ʨʴʨʸʬʱʲʰʨ ʳˆʵʲʵʫ.

19

Tavi meSvide _ uzenaesis Secnoba

ʶʰʸʵʭʴʬʩʨ ʰ˄ʿʬʩʹ ʼʰʽʸʹ ʿʭʬʲʨʼʬʸʮʬ ʳˆʵʲʵʫ ʭʨʹʻʫʬʭʨʹʯʨʴ ʱʨʭˀʰʸˀʰ. ʭʨʹʻʫʬʭʨʹ
ˆʬʫʭʨ ʨʹʬʯ ʱʵʹʳʰʻʸ ʻʹʨʮʾʭʸʵʬʩʨˀʰ ʬˆʳʨʸʬʩʨ, ʩʵʲʵʳʫʬ ʳʰʬʴʫʵʹ ʻʮʬʴʨʬʹ ʻʼʨʲʹ,
ʸʵʪʵʸ˂ ʻʳʨʾʲʬʹ ʳʰʮʨʴʹ.
ʨʹʬʯʰ ʩʵʲʵʳʫʬ ʳʰʴʫʵʩʰʲʰ ʹʻʲʬʩʰ ʳʬʺʨʫ ʰˀʭʰʨʯʨʫ ʰʩʨʫʬʩʰʨʴ.
ʨʳ ʲʬʽʹʹ ʬˆʳʰʨʸʬʩʨ "ˀʭʬʺʨʭˀʭʨʺʨʸʨ ʻʶʨʴʰˀʨʫʰ" ʳʬʹʨʳʬ ʯʨʭʰ (ʲʬʽʹʬʩʰ 14-15):
"ˁˈʨʴʫʵʪʰʨ ʻʶʨʴʰˀʨʫˀʰ" (5.1.15) ʴʨʯʽʭʨʳʰʨ:
"˂ʵ˂ˆʨʲʰ ʨʸʹʬʩʰʹ ʹˆʬʻʲˀʰ ʳʯʨʭʨʸʰ ʨʸ ʨʸʰʹ ʨʸ˂ ʳˆʬʫʭʬʲʵʩʨ, ʨʸ˂ ʹʳʬʴʨ, ʨʸ˂ ʼʰʽʸʰʹ
˃ʨʲʨ. ʹʰ˂ʵ˂ʲʬʨ ʳʯʨʭʨʸʰ, ʸʵʪʵʸ˂ ʿʵʭʲʰʹ ʽʳʴʨʫʵʩʰʹ ʪʻʲʰ." ʹ˄ʵʸʬʫ ʨʹʬʭʬ, ʻʼʨʲʰ
ʭʨʹʻʫʬʭʨ, ʨʴʻ ʾʳʸʯʨʬʩʸʰʭʰ ʶʰʸʵʭʴʬʩʨ _ ˀʸʰ ʱʸʰˀʴʨ ʻʳʯʨʭʸʬʹʰʨ ʿʭʬʲʨˀʰ ʫʨ
ʿʵʭʬʲˀʰ. ʴʰʭʯʰʬʸ ʹˆʬʻʲˀʰ ʨʸʰʹ ʹʳʬʴʰʹ, ʳʬʺʿʭʬʲʬʩʰʹ, ʳˆʬʫʭʬʲʵʩʰʹ, ʼʹʰʽʰʱʻʸʰ
ʽ˂ʬʭʰʹ ʫʨ ʹˆʭʨ ˃ʨʲʬʩʰ, ʳʨʪʸʨʳ ʸʨ ʼʨʹʰ ʨʽʭʯ ʳʨʯ, ʯʻ ʬʹ ˃ʨʲʬʩʰ ʻʮʬʴʨʬʹ ʻʼʲʰʹ
˃ʨʲʳʵʹʰʲʬʩʰʯ ʨʸ ʰʱʭʬʩʬʩʰʨʴ.
ʬʸʯʪʻʲʹ ʬʹʳʰʹ ʬʹ ˅ʬˀʳʨʸʰʺʬʩʨ ʫʨ ʳʯʬʲʰ ʨʸʹʬʩʰʯ ʬʴʫʵʩʨ ʻʮʬʴʨʬʹʹ _
ʿʵʭʲʰʹʪʨʳ˅ʵʲʹʨ ʫʨ ʯʨʭʨʫ ʿʭʬʲʨʼʬʸʹ.
ʲʬʽʹʰ 20
ʰʹʰʴʰ, ʭʰʹʰ ʪʵʴʬʩʨ˂ ʪʨʴʰ˃ʨʸ˂ʭʨ ʳʰ˄ʰʬʸ ʪʻʲʰʹʯʽʳʨʯʨʪʨʴ, ʳʰʬʴʫʵʩʰʨʴ
ʴʨˆʬʭʨʸʾʳʬʸʯʬʩʹ ʫʨ ʹʨʱʻʯʨʸʰ ʩʻʴʬʩʰʹ ˃ʨˆʰʲʹ ʨʿʵʲʰʲʴʰ ʨʹʸʻʲʬʩʬʴ ˀʬʹʨʩʨʳʰʹ
ʯʨʿʭʨʴʰʹ˂ʬʳʰʹ ˄ʬʹʬʩʹʨ ʫʨ ʸʬʪʻʲʨ˂ʰʬʩʹ.
ˀʰʴʨ-ʨʸʹʰ. ʳʨʺʬʸʰʨʲʻʸ ʳʨʴʱʰʬʸʬʩʨʯʨʪʨʴ ʪʨʴ˄ʳʬʴʫʰʲʴʰ ʳʰʬʴʫʵʩʰʨʴ ʸʨ ʻʮʬʴʨʬʹ
ʻʼʨʲʹ, ʳʰʹ ʬʸʯʪʻʲ ʹʨʳʹʨˆʻʸʹ ˀʬʻʫʪʬʩʰʨʴ. ʭʰʴ˂ ʨʸ ʪʨʴʰˀʵʸʬʩʹ ʳʰ˄ʰʬʸ ʮʨʫʹ ʫʨ
ʳʨʹʭʬ ʬʳʵʴʬʩʨ, ˄ʳʰʴʫʨ ʬʸʯʪʻʲʬʩʨ ʪʨʻ˅ʰʸʫʬʩʨ, ʳʨʪʸʨʳ ʯʻ ʰʪʰ, ʳʰʻˆʬʫʨʭʨʫ ʯʨʭʰʹʰ
ʴʨʱʲʰʹʨ, ʳʰʳʨʸʯʨʭʹ ʻʮʬʴʨʬʹʹ, ʳʨʹʮʬ ʼʰʽʸʹ ʰ˄ʿʬʩʹ, ʯʨʴʫʨʯʨʴ ʫʨʯʸʪʻʴʨʭʹ ʯʨʭʰʹ
ʪʻʲʰʹʯʽʳʰʹʳʰʬʸ ʭʴʬʩʬʩʹ.
"ˀʸʰʳʨʫ-ʩˈʨʪʨʭʨʺʨʳʰʹ" ʳʰˆʬʫʭʰʯ, ˄ʳʰʴʫʨ ʬʸʯʪʻʲʰ˂, ʳʰ˄ʰʬʸʰ ʹʻʸʭʰʲʬʩʰʹ
ʳʹʨˆʻʸʰ˂ ʫʨ ʿʵʼʰʯʰ ʻ˄ʳʰʴʫʻʸʬʩʰʹʨʪʨʴ ʪʨʴʸʰʫʬʩʰʹ ʳʵʹʻʸʴʬ˂, ʴʬʩʰʹʳʰʬʸ
ˀʬʳʯˆʭʬʭʨˀʰ ʻʴʫʨ ʳʰʬʴʫʵʹ ʭʨʹʻʫʬʭʨʹ ʫʨ ʯʨʿʭʨʴʰ ʹ˂ʬʹ ʳʨʹ. ʨʳʨʭʬ ˄ʰʪʴˀʰ (2.3.10)
ʴʨʯʽʭʨʳʰʨ:
"ʻʳʬ˂ʨʸʴʰ, ʹʻʲʰʬʸ ʪʵʴʬʩʨʹ ʳʵʱʲʬʩʻʲʴʰ, ʯʨʭʹ ʨʼʨʸʬʩʬʴ ʴʨˆʬʭʨʸʾʳʬʸʯʬʩʹ, ʸʨʯʨ
ʳʨʺʬʸʰʨʲʻʸʰ ʮʸʨˆʭʨʴʰ ʫʨʻʿʵʭʴʬʩʲʰʭ ʨʰʹʸʻʲʵʴ. ʸʵʪʵʸ˂ ˄ʬʹʰ, ʨʹʬʯʰ ˆʨʲˆʰ
ʹʨˀʭʬʲʨʫ ʨʸ ʻˆʳʵʩʹ ʻʮʬʴʨʬʹ ʻʼʨʲʹ, ʸʨʫʪʨʴ ʰʹʰʴʰ ʩʻʴʬʩʰʹ ʻʳʫʨʩʲʬʹ ʹʨʼʬˆʻʸʮʬ _
ʻʳʬ˂ʸʬʩʰʹʨ ʫʨ ʭʴʬʩʰʹ ʺʿʭʬʵʩʨˀʰ ʨʸʰʨʴ, ʭʬʸ ʨ˂ʴʵʩʰʬʸʬʩʬʴ ʻʼʲʰʹ
ʿʵʭʲʰʹˀʬʳ˃ʲʬʵʩʨʹ ʫʨ ʴʨˆʬʭʨʸʾʳʬʸʯʬʩʹ ʬʯʨʿʭʨʴʬʩʰʨʴ. ʬʹ ʻʱʨʴʨʹʱʴʬʲʴʰ˂
ʱʳʨʿʵʼʰʲʴʰ ˆʭʫʬʩʰʨʴ ʳʨʯʪʨʴ ʯʨʿʭʨʴʰʹ˂ʬʳʰʹ ˄ʬʹʬʩʰʹ ˀʬʹʸʻʲʬʩʨʹ."
ʴʨˆʬʭʨʸʾʳʬʸʯʬʩʰʹ ʳʵʰʳʬʫʬ ʫʨʱʴʰʴʬʩʻʲʰ ʹʻʸʭʰʲʬʩʰʹ ʺʿʭʬʫʽʳʴʰʲʨʴ, ʨʸ ʰ˂ʰʨʴ ʫʨ
ʨʳʰʹ ʪʨʳʵ ʨʸ˂ ʹʻʸʯ ʳʰʨʾ˄ʰʵʴ ʻʳʨʾʲʬʹ ʳʰʮʨʴʹ.

20

Tavi meSvide _ uzenaesis Secnoba

ʭʬʫʻʸ ʲʰʺʬʸʨʺʻʸʨˀʰ ʹˆʭʨʫʨʹˆʭʨ ʾʳʬʸʯʰʹ ʯʨʿʭʨʴʰʹ˂ʬʳʰʹ ˄ʬʹʬʩʰ ʹʸʻʲʫʬʩʨ
ʪʨʴʹˆʭʨʭʬʩʻʲʰ ʳʰʮʴʬʩʰʹ ʳʰˆʬʫʭʰʯ (ʳʨʪʨʲʰʯʨʫ, ʨʭʨʫʳʿʵʼʳʨ ˀʬʳ˄ʬʵʩʨ ʻʴʫʨ
ˀʬʹʯˆʵʭʵʹ ʳʮʬʹ...)
ʻʼʲʰʹ ʬʸʯʪʻʲʬʩʨʹ ʳʵʱʲʬʩʻʲʴʰ ʻʳˇʵʩʬʹʨʫʨ˂ ʳʰʰˁʴʬʭʬʴ, ʪʨʸʱʭʬʻʲʰ
ʳʰʮʴʰʹʨʯʭʰʹ ʴʨˆʬʭʨʸʾʳʬʸʯʬʩʰʹ ʯʨʿʭʨʴʰʹ˂ʬʳʨʹ. ʬʸʯʪʻʲʳʨ ʱʰ ˀʬʻʳ˂ʫʨʸʨʫ ʰ˂ʰʹ,
ʸʵʳ ʻʮʬʴʨʬʹʰ ʻʼʨʲʰʨ ʹʸʻʲʽʳʴʰʲʰ ʳʩʸ˃ʨʴʬʩʬʲʰ ʫʨ ˂ʵ˂ˆʨʲ ʨʸʹʬʩʨʯʨ ˀʬʳ˄ʬ.
"ˁʨʰʺʨʴʰʨ-ˁʨʸʰʺʨʳʸʰʺʨˀʰ" (ʨʫʰ 5.142) ʴʨʯʽʭʨʳʰʨ: ʻʮʬʴʨʬʹʰ ʾʳʸʯʨʬʩʸʰʭʰ ʶʰʸʵʭʴʬʩʨʨ
- ʱʸʰˀʴʨ, ʿʭʬʲʨ ʫʨʴʨʸˁʬʴʰ ʳʰʹʰ ʳʹʨˆʻʸʰʨ. ʨʳʰʺʵʳ ˅ʬˀʳʨʸʰʺʰ ʬʸʯʪʻʲʰ ʨʸʨʹʵʫʬʹ
ʳʰʳʨʸʯʨʭʹ ʴʨˆʬʭʨʸʾʳʬʸʯʬʩʹ, ʳʨʹ ʻʮʬʴʨʬʹʰ ʻʼʲʰʹ ʰʳʬʫʰ ʨʽʭʹ ʫʨ ʹʰˆʨʸʻʲʰʯ
ʾʬʩʻʲʵʩʹ ʰʳʨʹ, ʸʨʹʨ˂ ʰʪʰ ʻʩʵ˃ʬʩʹ.
ʲʬʽʹʰ 21
ʳʬ ʿʭʬʲʨʹ ʪʻʲˀʰ ʭʰʳʿʵʼʬʩʰ ʮʬʹʻʲʰʹ ʹʨˆʰʯ. ʯʻʱʰ ʭʰʴʳʬ ʳʵʰʹʻʸʭʬʩʹ
ʴʨˆʬʭʨʸʾʳʬʸʯʬʩʰʹ ʯʨʿʭʨʴʰʹ˂ʬʳʨʹ, ʳʬ ʭʬˆʳʨʸʬʩʰ ʫʨ ʪʨʴʭʻʳʺʱʰ˂ʬʩ ʸ˄ʳʬʴʨʹ, ʸʨʯʨ
ʯʨʭʰʹ ʸˁʬʻʲʹ ʳʰʻ˃ʾʭʴʨʹ ʯʨʭʰ.
ˀʰʴʨ-ʨʸʹʰ. ʾʳʬʸʯʳʨ ʿʭʬʲʨʹ ʫʨʳʵʻʱʰʫʬʩʲʵʩʨ ʳʰʨʴʰ˅ʨ. ʯʻ ʭʰʴʳʬʹ ʹʻʸʹ ʳʰ˄ʰʬʸʰ
ʹʰʨʳʵʭʴʬʩʨ ʫʨ ʴʨˆʬʭʨʸʾʳʬʸʯʬʩʹ ʨʳʨʹ ʪʻʲ˄ʸʼʬʲʨʫ ˀʬʹʯˆʵʭʹ, ʻʮʬʴʨʬʹʰ ʻʼʨʲʰ
ʬˆʳʨʸʬʩʨ ʳʨʹ, ʸʵʪʵʸ˂ ʿʵʭʬʲʰ ˂ʵ˂ˆʨʲʰ ʨʸʹʬʩʰʹ ʳˀʵʩʬʲʰ, ʨʸ ʬʸʬʭʨ ʳʨʯʹ
ʫʨʳʵʻʱʰʫʬʩʲʵʩʨˀʰ, ʨʸʨʳʬʫ ʻʽʳʴʰʹ ʿʭʬʲʨ ʶʰʸʵʩʨʹ, ʸʨʯʨ ˀʬ˃ʲʵʴ ʯʨʭʰʨʴʯʰ
ʳʰʮʴʬʩʰʹ ʨʾʹʸʻʲʬʩʨ.
ˀʬʰ˃ʲʬʩʨ ʰʱʰʯˆʵʴ: ʸʨʺʵʳ ʨ˃ʲʬʭʹ ʿʵʭʲʰʹˀʬʳ˃ʲʬ ʾʳʬʸʯʰ ʳʨʺʬʸʰʨʲʻʸ
ʿʵʼʰʬʸʬʩʨˀʰ ʪʨʴ˂ˆʸʵʳʰʹ ˀʬʹʨ˃ʲʬʩʲʵʩʨʹ ˂ʵ˂ˆʨʲ ʨʸʹʬʩʬʩʹ; ʨʳʰʯ ˆʵʳ ˄ʰʸʨʭʹ ʳʨʯ,
ʸʨʯʨ ʳʵʬʽ˂ʴʬʴ ˄ʨʸʳʵʹʨˆʭʰʯʰ ʬʴʬʸʪʰʰʹ (ʳʨʰʨʹ) ˆʨʼʨʴʪˀʰ. ʶʨʹʻˆʰ ʨʹʬʯʰʨ _ ʻʮʬʴʨʬʹʰ
ʻʼʨʲʰ, ʸʵʪʵʸ˂ ʿʭʬʲʨʹ ʪʻʲˀʰ ʫʨʳʱʭʰʫʸʬʩʻʲʰ ʮʬʹʻʲʰ, ʨʸ ʫʨʻˀʭʬʩʹ ʨʹʬʯ
ʪʨʫʨ˂ʯʵʳʨʹ, ʯʻ ʨʸʨʫʨ, ʨʸʨʭʰʯʨʸʰ ʨʮʸʰ ʨʸ ʬʽʴʬʩʨ ʫʨʳʵʻʱʰʫʬʩʲʵʩʨʹ. ʯʨʭʨʫ
ʻʼʨʲʰ ʨʸ ʮʾʻʫʨʭʹ ʨʫʨʳʰʨʴʹ, ʳʨʪʸʨʳ ʸʵʪʵʸ˂ "ʩˈʨʪʨʭʨʫ-ʪʰʺʨˀʰʨ" ʳʵ˂ʬʳʻʲʰ, ʳʨʴ
ʯʭʰʯʵʴ ʻʴʫʨ ʳʵ˃ʬʩʴʵʹ ʹʨʱʻʯʨʸ ʯʨʭˀʰ ˃ʨʲʨ, ʳʰʨʺʵʭʵʹ ʿʭʬʲʨ ʳʰ˄ʰʬʸʰ ʴʫʵʳʨ ʫʨ
ʹʸʻʲʨʫ ʳʰʬʴʫʵʹ ʻʮʬʴʨʬʹʰʹ ʴʬʩʨʹ. ʨʰ, ʸʨ ʳʵʻʺʨʴʹ ʳʨʹ ʹʸʻʲ ʴʬʺʨʸʬʩʨʹ!
˂ʵ˂ˆʨʲʰ ʨʸʹʬʩʬʩʰ˂ʨ ʫʨ ʴʨˆʬʭʨʸʾʳʬʸʯʬʩʰ˂ ʬʳʵʸˁʰʲʬʩʰʨʴ ʻʼʲʰʹ ʴʬʩʨʹ, ʨʳʰʺʵʳ
ʻʨʮʸʵʨ ʴʨˆʬʭʨʸʾʳʬʸʯʬʩʰʹ ʯʨʿʭʨʴʰʹ˂ʬʳʨ. ʨʸ˂ ʨʳ ʻʱʨʴʨʹʱʴʬʲʯ ˀʬʻ˃ʲʰʨʯ, ʭʰʴʳʬʹ
ʸʨʰʳʬ ʱʻʸʯˆʬʭʨ ʳʰʨʴʰ˅ʵʴ ʻʮʬʴʨʬʹʰʹ ʴʬʩʰʹ ʪʨʸʬˀʬ.
ʳʨʺʬʸʰʨʲʻʸʰ ʿʵʼʰʹʨʪʨʴ ˀʬ˅ʰʸʭʬʩʻʲʴʰ ˆˀʰʸʨʫ ʳʰʳʨʸʯʨʭʬʴ ʴʨˆʬʭʨʸʾʳʬʸʯʬʩʹ ʫʨ ʬʹ
ʽ˂ʬʭʨ ʭʬʫʻʸʰ ˄ʬʸʰʲʬʩʰʯ ʫʨˀʭʬʩʻʲʰʨ. ʶʰʸʵʭʴʬʩʨʹ ʻʼʲʬʩʨ ʨʽʭʹ, ʱʵʴʱʸʬʺʻʲʰ
ʹʨʯˆʵʭʨʸʰʯ ʳʰʳʨʸʯʵʹ ʳʨʯ. ʳʨʪʨʲʰʯʨʫ, ʨʭʨʫʳʿʵʼʰ ʳʮʬʹ ˀʬʬʭʬʫʸʬʩʨ ʪʨʴʱʻʸʴʬʩʨʹ,
ʪʨʴʨʯʲʬʩʰʹ ʳʹʻʸʭʬʲʰ ʹ˄ʨʭʲʨ-˂ʵʫʴʰʹ ʽʨʲʾʳʬʸʯʹ ʹʨʸʨʹʭʨʺʰʹ ʬʯʨʿʭʨʴʬʩʨ, ʭʰʹʨ˂
ʳˀʭʬʴʰʬʸʰ ˂ʵʲʰ ʳʵʻʴʫʬʩʨ, ʳʰʳʨʸʯʨʭʹ ʽʨʲʾʳʬʸʯ ʻʳʨʹ _ ʻʼʨʲ ˀʰʭʨʹ
ʯʨʴʨʳʬ˂ˆʬʫʸʬʹ...
ʨʳʸʰʪʨʫ "ˀʨʹʺʸʬʩˀʰ" (ʭʬʫʻʸ ˄ʳʰʴʫʨ ˄ʬʸʰʲʬʩˀʰ) ʳʵ˂)ʬʳʻʲʰʨ ʸˁʬʭʨ-ʫʨʸʰʪʬʩʬʩʰ

21

Tavi meSvide _ uzenaesis Secnoba

ʴʨˆʬʭʨʸʾʳʬʸʯʬʩʰʹ ʯʨʿʭʨʴʹʨ˂ʬʳʨʫ ʹˆʭʨʫʨʹˆʭʨ ˄ʬʹʬʩʰʹ ˀʬʹʨʹʸʻʲʬʩʲʨʫ. ʸʨʱʰ
ʮʵʪʰʬʸʯʹ ʴʬʩʨʭʹ ʱʨʸʪʰ ˂ˆʵʭʸʬʩʰʯ ʪʨʴ˂ˆʸʵʳʨ, ʻʼʨʲʰ ˀʯʨʨʪʵʴʬʩʹ, ʸʵʳ ʳʰʰʾʵʹ ʨʳ
ʹʻʸʭʰʲʰʹ ʨʾʹʸʻʲʬʩʰʹ ʱʻʸʯˆʬʭʨ ʴʨˆʬʭʨʸʾʳʬʸʯʰʹʨʪʨʴ.
ʴʨˆʬʭʨʸʾʳʬʸʯʬʩʰʹʨʫʳʰ ʬʸʯʪʻʲʰ ʫʨʳʵʱʰʫʬʩʻʲʬʩʰʹ ʹʻʲʰʹʱʭʬʯʬʩʨ˂
ʻʼʲʰʹʳʰʬʸʰʨ ʨʫʨʳʰʨʴʯʨ ʪʻʲʬʩˀʰ ʫʨ ʳʰʹ ʳʰʬʸ ʨʸʰʹ ʳʵ˄ʬʹʸʰʪʬʩʻʲʰ. ʯʨʭʨʫ
ʴʨˆʬʭʨʸʾʳʬʸʯʬʩʹ ʨʸ ʬʿʵʼʨʯ ˃ʨʲʰ, ʸʵʳ ʨʹʬʯʰ ʪʸ˃ʴʵʩʬʩʰ ʨʴ ʳʰʫʸʬʱʰʲʬʩʬʩʰ
ʪʨʻʾʭʰʭʵʴ ʭʰʴʳʬʹ. ʳˆʵʲʵʫ ʱʸʰˀʴʨ, ʿʭʬʲʨʹ ʪʻʲˀʰ ʫʨʭʨʴʬʩʻʲʰ ʮʬʹʻʲʰ, ʻʩʰ˃ʪʬʩʹ
ʨʫʨʳʰʨʴʹ ˀʬʹʨʩʨʳʰʹ ʴʨˆʬʭʨʸʾʳʬʸʯʹ ʳʵ˄ʰ˄ʬʩʰʯ ʳʵʬʶʿʸʨʹ. ʯʭʰʯ ʴʨˆʬʭʨʸʾʳʬʸʯʬʩʰ˂
ˆʵʳ ʻʼʲʰʹ ʹʨʳʿʨʸʵʹʬʻʲʰ ʹˆʬʻʲʰʹ ʴʨ˄ʰʲʬʩʰ ʨʸʰʨʴ ʫʨ ʳʨʯ ʪʻʲˀʰ˂ ˆʵʳ ʮʬʹʻʲʰʹ
ʹʨˆʰʯ ʹʻʼ ʬʭʹ ʻʼʨʲʰ, ʸʵʳʬʲʰ˂ ʯʨʭʰʹʰ ʴʨ˄ʰʲʬʩʰʹ ʳʬˀʭʬʵʩʰʯ ʻʹʸʻʲʬʩʹ ʹʻʸʭʰʲʹ
˂ʵ˂ˆʨʲ ʨʸʹʬʩʬʩʹ.
ʵʸʰʭʬ ʬʸʯʨʫ _ ʴʨˆʬʭʨʸʾʳʬʸʯʬʩʰ˂ʨ ʫʨ ˂ʵ˂ˆʨʲʰ ʨʸʹʬʩʬʩʰ˂ ʻʮʬʴʨʬʹʰʹ ʹʨʩʵʲʵʵ ʫʨ
ʪʨʫʨʳ˄ʿʭʬʺ ʴʬʩʨʮʬ ʨʸʰʨʴ ʫʨʳʵʱʰʫʬʩʻʲʴʰ.
ʲʬʽʹʰ 22
ʨʹʬʯʰ ʸ˄ʳʬʴʰʯ ˀʯʨʪʵʴʬʩʻʲʰ ʶʰʸʵʭʴʬʩʨ ˂ʫʰʲʵʩʹ, ʯʨʿʭʨʴʰ ʹ˂ʬʹ ʸʵʳʬʲʰʳʬ
ʴʨˆʬʭʨʸʾʳʬʸʯʹ ʫʨ ʨʰʹʸʻʲʵʹ ʪʻʲʰʹ˄ʨʫʰʲʰ, ʳʨʪʸʨʳ ʹʰʴʨʳʫʭʰʲʬˀʰ ʬʹ ʳʬ ʭʨʸ
ʳˆʵʲʵʫ ʳʰʹʰ ʹʻʸʭʰʲʬʩʰʹ ʨʾʳʹʸʻʲʬʩʬʲʰ.
ˀʰʴʨ-ʨʸʹʰ. ʻʮʬʴʨʬʹʰ ʻʼʲʰʹ ʴʬʩʰʹ ʪʨʸʬˀʬ ʴʨˆʬʭʨʸʾʳʬʸʯʬʩʰ ʭʬʸ ʬʽʳʴʬʩʰʨʴ ʳʵ˄ʿʨʲʬʴʰ
ʯʨʭʰʨʴʯ ʬʸʯʪʻʲʬʩʹ. ʱʨ˂ʹ ˀʬʰ˃ʲʬʩʨ ʫʨʨʭʰ˄ʿʫʬʹ, ʸʵʳ ʿʭʬʲʨʼʬʸʰ ʻʮʬʴʨʬʹʰʹ
ʹʨʱʻʯʸʬʩʨʨ, ʳʨʪʸʨʳ ʴʨˆʬʭʨʸʾʳʬʸʯʬʩʰ ʨʳʨʹ ʨʸ ʰʭʰ˄ʿʬʩʬʴ. ʳʨˀʨʹʨʫʨʳʬ, ʹʨʳʿʨʸʵ ʰʹʬʨ
ʳʵ˄ʿʵʩʰʲʰ, ʸʵʳ ʯʨʿʭʨʴʰʹ˂ʬʳʰʯ ʹʨʹʻʸʭʬʲʰʹ ʳʰʾ˄ʬʭʨ ʫʨʳʵʱʰʫʬʩʻʲʰʨ ʨʸʨ
ʴʨˆʬʭʨʸʾʳʬʸʯʬʩʮʬ, ʨʸʨʳʬʫ ʻʮʬʴʨʬʹ ʶʰʸʵʭʴʬʩʨʮʬ. ʻʳʬ˂ʨʸʳʨ ʬʹ ʨʸ ʰ˂ʰʹ ʫʨ ʯʨʭʹ
ʰʹʻʲʬʲʬʩʹ, ʸʵ˂ʨ ʯˆʵʭʴʰʯ ʳʰʳʨʸʯʨʭʹ ʴʨˆʬʭʨʸʾʳʬʸʯʬʩʹ _ ˄ʿʨʲʵʩʰʹ ʯʭʨʲʰʯ
ʪʨʫʳʵˆʬʫʵʹ ʫʨ ʸʨʰʳʬ ʹʨʸʪʬʩʬʲʰ ʳʵʨʪʬʩʰʴʵʹ. ˄ʳʰʴʫʨ ʬʸʯʪʻʲʰ ʨʹʬ ʨʸ ʳʵʰʽ˂ʬʭʨ _
ʸʵ˂ʨ ʸʨʳʬʹ ʹʨ˅ʰʸʵʬʩʹ, ʳʻˆʲʹ ʻʿʸʰʹ ʳˆʵʲʵʫ ʻʳʨʾʲʬʹ ʻʼʨʲʹ. ʳʰ˄ʰʬʸʰ
ʹʰʳʫʰʫʸʰʹ, ʹʨˆʬʰʸʵ ʸʨʰʳʬʹ ʯˆʵʭʴʨ ˄ʳʰʴʫʨ ʬʸʯʪʻʲʰʹʨʯʭʰʹ ʹʨʬʸʯʵʫ ʨʸ ʨʸʰʹ
ʫʨʳʨˆʨʹʰʨʯʬʩʬʲʰ.
ʾʭʯʰʹ ʭʬʸˀʬʳ˂ʴʵʩʴʰ ʬʳʻʫʨʸʬʩʰʨʴ ʴʨˆʬʭʨʸʾʳʬʸʯʬʩʹ, ʭʰʴʨʰʫʨʴ ʰʹʰʴʰ ʹʰʪʰʷʬʳʫʬ
ʳʰʻʿʭʨʴʰʨ ʯʨʭʰʨʴʯ ʪʻʲʰʹʯʽʳʰʹ ʨʹʸʻʲʬʩʰʹ ʷʰʴʹ. ʨʹʬ ˆʫʬʩʨ ʳʨˀʰʴ ʻʼʸʵ, ʸʵ˂ʨ
ʨʫʨʳʰʨʴʹ ˀʬʻʼʬʸʬʩʬʲʰ ʸʨʳ ʹ˄ʨʫʰʨ ʫʨ ʯʨʭʨʫ ʻʼʨʲʰ ʨʹʬʯ ʹʨ˄ʨʫʬʲʹ ʨʸ
ˀʬʻʹʸʻʲʬʩʹ. "ˁʨʰʺʨʴʰʨ-ˁʨʸʰʺʨʳʸʰʺʨˀʰ" ʴʨʯʽʭʨʳʰʨ, ʸʵʳ ʭʰʴ˂ ʯʨʿʭʨʴʹ ʹ˂ʬʳʹ ʻʼʨʲʹ
ʫʨ ˆʵʸ˂ʰʬʲ ʹʰʨʳʵʭʴʬʩʨʹ ʬʩʾʨʻ˅ʬʩʨ, ʯʭʰʯʵʴ ʫʨ ʳʰʹʰ ʹʻʸʭʰʲʬʩʰ ʬʸʯʳʨʴʬʯʹ
ʬʩʸ˃ʭʰʨʴ.
ʻʮʬʴʨʬʹʰ ʻʼʲʰʹ ʬʸʯʪʻʲʰ ʹʨʳʹʨˆʻʸʰ ʫʨ ʴʨˆʬʭʨʸʾʳʬʸʯʬʩʰʹ ˄ʰʴʨˀʬ ʳʻˆʲʰʹ ʳʵʿʸʨ
ʭʬʸ ʫʨʫʪʬʩʨ ʬʸʯ ʫʵʴʬʮʬ. ʶʰʸʭʬʲʰ ʳˆʵʲʵʫ ʹʻʲʰʬʸʰʨ, ʳʬʵʸʬ _ ʳʨʺʬʸʰʨʲʻʸʰ.
ʳʰʹʯʭʰʹ, ʭʰʹʨ˂ ʾʳʬʸʯʯʨʴ _ ˀʰʴ ʫʨʩʸʻʴʬʩʨ ʹʻʸʹ, ˆʵʸ˂ʰʬʲʰ ʭʴʬʩʬʩʰ ˄ʰʴ
ʫʨʩʸʱʵʲʬʩʬʩʨʫ ʬʾʵʩʬʩʰʨʴ, ʨʳʰʺʵʳ ʻʼʲʰʹ ˄ʳʰʴʫʨ ʬʸʯʪʻʲʹ ʨʸ ʬ˃ʲʬʭʨ ʳʰ˄ʰʬʸʰ
ʹʰʱʬʯʬʴʰ, ʸʨʹʨ˂ ʨʹʬ ʪʨʫʨˈʿʨʭʹ ˅ʱʻʰʫʨʴ ʪʵʴʬʩʨʴʨʱʲʻʲʴʰ. ʨʳʨʯ ˆʵʳ, ʵʾʵʴʫ

22

Tavi meSvide _ uzenaesis Secnoba

˄ʻʯʰʹʵʼʬʲʹ ʸʨʳʬʹ ʪʨʳʵʸˁʴʬʴ, ʻʸˁʬʭʴʰʨʯ ʴʨˆʬʭʨʸʾʳʬʸʯʬʩʹ ʬʯʨʿʭʨʴʵʴ, ʭʰʫʸʬ
ʳʯʬʲʰ
ʯʨʭʰʨʴʯʰ ʹʨʹʵʬʩʨ ʳʰʨʶʿʸʨʴ ʻʮʬʴʨʬʹʹ ʫʨ ʻʨʴʪʨʸʵ ʳʹʨˆʻʸʬʩʨ ʳʰʨʪʵʴ ʳʨʹ.
ʲʬʽʹʰ 23
ʪʵʴʬʩʨˀʬʮʾʻʫʻʲʴʰ ʯʨʿʭʨʴʰʹ ʹ˂ʬʳʬʴ ʴʨˆʬʭʨʸʾʳʬʸʯʬʩʹ, ʳʨʪʸʨʳ ʸʨʵʫʬʴ ʳ˄ʰʸʰʨ ʫʨ
˄ʨʸʳʨʭʨʲʰ ʨʳ ʯʨʿʭʨʴʬʩʰʹ ʴʨʿʵʼʰ. ʰʹʰʴʰ ʳʰʬˀʻʸʬʩʰʨʴ ʴʨˆʬʭʨʸʾʳʬʸʯʯʨ ʶʲʨʴʬʺʬʩʮʬ,
ˁʬʳʰ ʬʸʯʪʻʲʴʰ ʱʰ ʹʨʳʨʸʨʫʷʨʳʵʫ ʳʱʭʰʫʸʫʬʩʰʨʴ ʻʳʨʾʲʬʹ ʹʨʭʨʴʬˀʰ _ ˁʬʳ
ʶʰʸʭʬʲʹʨʳʿʵʼʬʲˀʰ.
ˀʰʴʨ-ʨʸʹʰ. "ʩˈʨʪʨʭʨʫ-ʪʰʺʨʹ" ʮʵʪʰ ʱʵʳʬʴʺʨʺʵʸʰʹ ʨʮʸʰʯ, ʳʨʹ, ʭʰʴ˂ ʳʻˆʲʹ ʰʿʸʰʹ
ʴʨˆʬʭʨʸʾʳʬʸʯʬʩʰʹ ˄ʰʴʨ, ʻʮʬʴʨʬʹʯʨʴ ʳʰʾ˄ʬʭʨ˂ ˀʬʻ˃ʲʰʨ. ʨʳ ˄ʳʰʴʫʨ ˄ʰʪʴˀʰ ˆʵʳ
ʪʨʸʱʭʬʭʰʯ ʨʸʰʹ ʴʨʯʽʭʨʳʰ:
ʴʨˆʬʭʨʸʾʳʬʸʯʬʩʰʹ ʳʵʰʳʬʫʬʴʰ ʫʨ ʳʨʫʰʫʬʩʬʲʴʰ ʹˆʭʨʫʨʹˆʭʨ ʶʲʨʴʬʺʨʸʻʲ
ʹʰʹʺʬʳʬʩʮʬ ʳʰʬʳʨʸʯʬʩʰʨʴ, ʸʵʳʬʲʯʨ˂ ˀʬʹʨʩʨʳʰʹʰ ʴʨˆʬʭʨʸʾʳʬʸʯʬʩʰ ʪʨʴʨʪʬʩʬʴ: ʳʮʰʹ
ʳʵʯʨʿʭʨʴʬ ʳʮʬʮʬ ʳʱʭʰʫʸʫʬʩʨ, ʳʯʭʨʸʰʹ ʴʨˆʬʭʨʸʾʳʬʸʯʯʨʴ ʳʰʫʰʹ ʳʯʭʨʸʰʹ ˄ʰʴʨˀʬ
ʳʻˆʲʰʹ ʳʵʳʿʸʬʲʰ. ʯʻ ʶʰʸʵʭʴʬʩʨ ʯʨʿʭʨʴʹ ʹ˂ʬʳʹ ʴʨˆʬʭʨʸʾʳʬʸʯʹ, ʳʨʪʨʲʰʯʨʫ,
ʰʴʫʸʨʹ, ʰʪʰ ʳʰʹ ʶʲʨʴʬʺʨʹ ʳʰʨˀʻʸʬʩʹ.
ʳ˂ʫʨʸʰʨ ʨʮʸʰ, ʯʰʯʽʵʹ ʸʵʳʬʲ ʴʨˆʬʭʨʸʾʳʬʸʯʹʨ˂ ʨʸ ʻʴʫʨ ʭ˂ʬʯ ʯʨʿʭʨʴʰ, ʳʨʰʴ˂
ʻʮʬʴʨʬʹ ʻʼʨʲʯʨʴ ʳʰʭʨʲʯ. "ʪʰʺʨˀʰ" ʬʹ ʻʨʮʸʵʩʨ ʻʨʸʿʵʼʰʲʰʨ ʫʨ ˆʨʮʪʨʹʳʰʯ ʨʸʰʹ
ʳʰʯʰʯʬʩʻʲʰ, ʸʵʳ ʴʨˆʬʭʨʸʾʳʬʸʯʯʨ ˄ʰʴʨˀʬ ˆʬʲʯʨʾʳʶʿʸʵʩʬʲʴʰ ʳʰʫʰʨʴ
ʳʨʺʬʸʰʨʲʻʸʰ ʹʨʳʿʨʸʵʹ ʹˆʭʨʫʨʹˆʭʨ ʶʲʨʴʬʺʨʮʬ, ʻʮʬʴʨʬʹʰʹ _ ʱʸʰˀʴʨʹ _ ʬʸʯʪʻʲʴʰ ʱʰ
ʻˀʻʨʲʵʫ ʳʰʹ ʹʨʩʸ˃ʨʴʰʹˀʰ - ʻʳʨʾʲʬʹ ʶʲʨʴʬʺʨʮʬ ʳʰʬˀʻʸʬʩʨ.
ˀʬʰ˃ʲʬʩʨ ʰʱʰʯˆʵʴ: ʯʻ ʴʨˆʬʭʨʸʾʳʬʸʯʬʩʰ ʻʼʲʰʹ ʹˆʬʻʲʰʹ ʴʨ˄ʰʲʬʩʰ ʨʸʰʨʴ, ʳʨˀʰʴ
ʳʨʯʰ ʯʨʿʭʨʴʰʹ˂ʬʳʰʯ ʻʴʫʨ ʳʰʰʾ˄ʬʵʫʬʹ ʻʳʨʾʲʬʹʰ ʳʰʮʨʴʰ. ʨʹʬ ʼʰʽʸʵʩʬʴ
ʴʨˆʬʭʨʸʾʳʬʸʯʬʩʰʹ ˄ʿʨʲʵʩʰʹ ʳʵʰʳʬʫʬʴʰ, ʸʵʳʲʬʩʰ˂ ʹʨʾ ʪʵʴʰʬʸʬʩʨʹ ʭʬʸ
ʫʨʰʱʭʬˆʴʰʨʴ. ʳʨʯ ʰʹʰ˂ ʱʰ ʨʸ ʰ˂ʰʨʴ ʹˆʬʻʲʰʹ ʸʵʳʬʲ ʴʨ˄ʰʲʹ ʻʴʫʨ ʳʰʨ˄ʵʫʵʴ ʹʨʱʭʬʩʰ.
ʻʨʮʸʵʫ ʳʹˇʬʲʵʩʬʴ: ʹˆʬʻʲʹ ʨʽʭʹ ʹʨ˅ʳʲʰʹ ʳʰʳʾʬʩʰ ʳʸʨʭʨʲʰ ʵʸʪʨʴʰ ʫʨ ʳʰʾʬʩʰʹ
ʳʸʨʭʨʲʰ ʪʮʨ. ʨʳ ʨʩʫʨʻʩʫʨʹ ʯʻ ʫʨʭʻˇʬʸʬʩʯ, ʳʨˀʰʴ ʿʻʸʬʩʰ ʫʨ ʯʭʨʲʬʩʰ˂ ʹʨʱʭʬʩʰʹ
ʳʰʹʨʾʬʩʨʫ ʪʭʽʵʴʰʨ. ʨʳ ʻʩʸʨʲʵʫ ʶʸʨʽʺʰʱʻʲʰ, ʴʨʯʬʲʰ ʹʨˆʰʲʭʬʲʰʹ ʫʨʴʨˆʭʨ˂ ʨʸ
ˀʬʻ˃ʲʰʨʯ ʫʨ ʸʵʪʵʸ ʪʨʰʪʬʩʬʴ, ʸʵʳ ʬʹ ʴʨˆʬʭʨʸʾʳʬʸʯʬʩʰ ʻʮʬʴʨʬʹʰʹ ʸʵʪʵʸ˂
ʪʨʴʻʿʵʼʬʲʰ ʳʯʬʲʰʹ, ʹʨʳʿʨʸʵʹʬʻʲʰ ʹˆʬʻʲʰʹ ʪʨʴʻʿʵʼʬʲʰ ʴʨ˄ʰʲʬʩʰ ʨʸʰʨʴ.