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2-4 Linear Equations

Kiran Satyavarapu
Algebra II
Coolidge High School

Objectives
SWBAT write an equation of a
line given its slope and a
point on the line

Key Concepts

Equation for point-slope form
y - y1 = m(x –x1)

Standard form of a Linear Equation
Ax + By = C

Slope – intercept form
y = mx + b

A line pass through (-5,2)
and slope is 3/5. Write the
equation.

y - y1 = m(x – x1)

A line pass through (7,-1)
and slope is -3. Write the
equation

Write the equation of a line
passing through (3,2) and
(5,8)

What do we need here?

Write the equation in
Standard Form

What is the equation of the line y = 9x
+ 36 in standard form?

What is the equation of y = 3/4x – 5
in standard form?

Standard form Ax + By = C

Book Work

Turn to page 86 and answer the
problems from 10 - 29

Bell Work
9/9/15

Find the slope for pair of points (1,6) and (8, -1)

Write the equation in slope-intercept from : 5x + y = 4

Graphing Linear Equations
First Method:
Convert the given equation into
slope-intercept form
Locate y-intercept
Find rise/run to determine second
point
Join two points

Graphing Equations

Example: Graph the equation -5x + y = 2
Steps: Convert the equation into slopeintercept form

Graphing Equations
Graph y = 5x + 2

x

y

Graphing Equations
Graph 4x - 3y = 12

Steps: Convert the equation into slope intercept
from

Graphing Equations
Second Method:
Put x = 0 and find the value of y
Put y = 0 and find the value of x

Locate the two ordered pairs

Graph 3x + 5y = 15

Put x = 0

Put y = 0

Second Method:
Graph 2x + 5y = -10

Put x = 0

Put y = 0

Graph y = 4x – 3y = 12

x

y

Parallel Lines

Two lines are parallel if their slopes
are equal

Parallel Lines
Parallel Lines - lines that never intersect
What is the slope of the
red line?
1/2
What is the slope of the
blue line?
1/2
same
Parallel Lines have the

slope!

5
y15x

Equations of Parallel Lines

4. Write an equation for the line that

contains (5, 1) and is parallely to5 x  4
m=

Bell Work
9/14/15
Write an equation for the line that
contains (2, -6) and is parallel
4 y  3x  12 to
m=3
y + 6 = 3(x – 2)

Perpendicular Lines

Two lines are perpendicular if the
product of their slopes = -1

Perpendicular Lines
Perpendicular Lines – lines that intersect to
form right angles
What is the slope of the
red line?
-1/4
What is the slope of the
blue line?
4/1
Perpendicular Lines have
negative reciprocal
slope!

Perpendicular Lines
What is the slope of the perpendicular
line?

2
y  x 8
7.
5
-5/2 1
y x
8.
5
5/1 = 5
y


2
x

7
9.
1/2

4

3
y8x1
Equations of Perpendicular
Lines

Find the equation of the line that

contains (1, 8) and is perpendicular to

3
y  x 1
4
m=

Equations of Perpendicular
Lines
Find the equation of the line that

1
contains (2, -3) and is perpendicular
y   x6
2
to

m=2
y + 3 = 2(x – 2)

Book Work

Turn to page 86 and answer EVEN
problems from 10 - 28