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Middle Ear

•Anatomy
•Physiology
•Disorders

Anatomy •The big picture •Eustachian tube •Mastoid •Tympanic cavity •Ossicles .

The big picture •Size and shape .

Eustachian Tube •Anatomy •Function •Differences between adults and children .

Mastoid •description •aditus and antrum •clinical implications .

round window & promontory •VIIth Nerve.Tympanic cavity •Description •Oval window. chorda tympani .

Ossicles •Description .

Physiology •Impedance Matching • Areal advantage • Lever advantage .

Middle Ear Muscles •tensor tympani •stapedius •purpose .

Disorders •Suppurative Otitis Media • Description • Treatment • Audiometric findings .

Disorders •Ossicular Discontinuity • Description • Treatment • Audiometric findings .

Disorders •Cholesteatoma • Description • Treatment • Audiometric findings .

Disorders •Serous Effusion of the Middle Ear (Serous Otitis Media) • Description • Treatment (see next page) • Audiometric findings .

Disorders •PE Tubes .

Disorders •Negative Middle Ear Pressure • Description • Treatment • Audiometric findings .

Disorders •Mucous Otitis Media • Description • Treatment • Audiometric findings .

Disorders •Otosclerosis • Description • Treatment • Audiometric findings .

Summary .