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Page 14

LESSON

2.1

NAME _________________________________________________________ DATE ___________

Practice A
For use with pages 71–78

Identify the hypothesis and the conclusion.
1. If the weather is warm, then we should go swimming.
2. If you want good service, then take your car to Joe’s Service Center.
3. If you like purple, you’ll love this sweater.

Lesson 2.1

4. 2x  12  40 only if x  26.
5. If the groundhog sees its shadow, then there will be six more weeks

of winter.
Rewrite the conditional statement in if-then form.
6. Today is Monday if yesterday was Sunday.
7. An object measures 12 inches if it is one foot long.
8. A number is divisible by 4 if it is divisible by 8.
9. An acute angle is an angle that measures less than 90.
10. All students taking geometry are in tenth grade.

Decide whether the statement is true or false. If false, provide a
counterexample.
11. The equation 2x  7  5  x has exactly one solution.
12. If x2  16, then x must equal 8 or 8.
13. February 14 is Valentine’s Day.
14. If you visited the Statue of Liberty, then you’ve been to New York.
15. A point may lie on at most two lines.

Write the converse and contrapositive of each statement.
16. If you like tennis, then you play on the tennis team.
17. If x is odd, then 2x is even.
18. If mP  45, then P is acute.

Use the diagram to state the postulate(s) that verifies the
truth of the statement.

A
Z

19. The points X, Y, and Z lie in a plane (labeled B).
20. The points X and Y lie on a line (labeled m).

X
Y

m

21. The planes A and B intersect in a line (labeled l).
22. The points X and Y lie in a plane B. Therefore, line m lies

B

in plane B.

14

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Chapter 2 Resource Book

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Page 30

LESSON

2.2

NAME _________________________________________________________ DATE ___________

Practice A
For use with pages 79–85

Use the diagram to determine whether the statement is
true or false.

A

D

1. Points A, B, and C are collinear.
2. DCB and DCH are supplementary.
3. Points E, D, and H lie in the same plane.

E

B

C

F

G

H

4. DH is perpendicular to EH.
5. HE is perpendicular to AF.
6. DCB and ABC are complementary.

7. BH bisects DCG.

Rewrite the biconditional statement as a conditional statement and
its converse.
8. Two segments are congruent if and only if they have the same measure.

Lesson 2.2

9. Three points are collinear if and only if they lie on the same line.
10. Four points are coplanar if and only if they lie in the same plane.
11. You may go to the movies Friday night if and only if you clean your room.
12. You may become president of the United States if and only if you are

35 years old.
Give a counterexample that demonstrates that the converse of the
statement is false.
13. If you live in Detroit, then you live in Michigan.
14. If an angle measures 30, then it is acute.
15. If an animal is a leopard, then it has spots.
16. If the month is September, then there are 30 days in the month.
17. If two angles are vertical angles, then they are not adjacent.

In Exercises 18 and 19, use the information in the table to write a
definition for each type of saxophone. The first one is started for you.

Instrument
E-flat baritone saxophone
B-flat tenor saxophone
E-flat alto saxophone

Frequency (cycles per second)
Lower limit
Upper limit
69
416
104
622
138
831

Sample: A saxophone that has a frequency of 69 cycles per second to
416 cycles per second is called an E-flat baritone saxophone.
18. B-flat tenor saxophone
19. E-flat alto saxophone
30

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Chapter 2 Resource Book

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6-7-2001

11:31 AM

Page 43

LESSON

2.3

NAME _________________________________________________________ DATE ___________

Practice A
For use with pages 87–95

Using p and q below, write the symbolic statement in words.
p: The sky is cloudy.

q: It is raining.

1. ~p

2. ~q

3. q → p

4. ~q → ~p

5. p → q

6. ~p → ~q

Determine if statement (3) follows from statements (1) and (2) by
the Law of Detachment or the Law of Syllogism. If it does, state
which law was used. If it does not, write invalid.
7. (1) If an angle is acute, then it is not obtuse.

(2) ABC is acute.
(3) ABC is not obtuse.
8. (1) Right angles are congruent.

(2) A  B
(3) A and B are right angles.
9. (1) If you save a penny, then you have earned a penny.

(2) Art saves a penny.
(3) Art has earned a penny.
10. (1) If you are a teenager, then you are always right.

(2) If you are always right, then people will listen to you.
(3) If you are a teenager, then people will listen to you.
11. (1) If you drive 50 miles per hour in a school zone, then you will get a speeding ticket.

(2) Pat received a speeding ticket.
(3) Pat was driving 50 miles per hour in a school zone.
Lesson 2.3

12. (1) If m2  40, then m3  140.

(2) If m3  140, then m4  40.
(3) If m2  40, then m4  40.
Write a conclusion using the true statements. If no conclusion is
possible, write no conclusion.
13. If Tim gets stung by a bee, then he will get very ill.

If he gets very ill, then he will go to the hospital. Tim gets stung by a bee.
14. If Hank applies for the job, then he will be the new lifeguard at the pool.

If he is the new lifeguard at the pool, then he will buy a new car. Hank
applies for the job.
15. If two planes intersect, then their intersection is a line. Plane A and plane B

intersect.
16. If you cut class, then you will receive a detention. You cut class.
17. If Jay doesn’t work hard, then he won’t start the game and will quit the team.

Jay quit the team.
18. If B is between A and C, then AB  BC  AC. AB  3cm, BC  2 cm.
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43

MCRBG-0204-PA.qxd

6-7-2001

11:45 AM

Page 57

LESSON

2.4

NAME _________________________________________________________ DATE ___________

Practice A
For use with pages 96–101

Match the statement with the Property of Equality.
1. If JK  PQ and PQ  ST, then JK  ST.

A. Addition property

2. If mS  30, then 5  mS  35.

B. Reflexive property

3. If AB  CD  EF  CD, then AB  EF.

C. Substitution property

4. AB  AB

D. Transitive property

5. If x  4 and y  x  5 , then y  9.

E. Symmetric property

6. If mK  45, then 3mK  135.

F. Multiplication property

7. If mP  mQ, then mQ  mP.

G. Subtraction property

In Exercises 8–13, use the property to complete the statement.
8. Addition property of equality: If AB  5, then 10  AB 
9. Multiplication property of equality: If mC  30, then
10. Reflexive property of equality: AF 

?

? .

? 

mC  15.

.

11. Symmetric property of equality: If mDCF  mMJC, then
12. Transitive property of equality: If YZ  DB and

?

? . 

JK, then

13. Substitution property of equality: If MN  3, then 5MN 

? .

? .

Complete the argument, giving a reason for each step.
14. 32x  4  5x  2

6x  12  5x  2
x  12  2
x  14

a.
b.
c.

Given

15. 4x  8  2x  12

?
?
?

2x  8  12
2x  20
x  10

16. mAEB  mBEC  mCED  mBEC

mBEC  mBEC
mAEB  mCED

Given
a. ?
b. ?

Given
a. ?
b. ?
c. ?

A
B

E
C
D

Lesson 2.4

In Exercises 17 and 18, solve the equation and state a reason
for each step.
17. 52x  1  9x  4
18. 4x  5  13

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MCRBG-0205-PA.qxd

6-7-2001

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Page 73

LESSON

NAME

2.5

DATE
Lesson 2.5

Practice A
For use with pages 102–107

Match the statement with the Property of Congruence.
1. If CD  PM and PM  RV, then CD  RV.

A. Symmetric Property

2. For any segment DS, DS  DS.

B. Reflexive Property

3. If RA  DB, then DB  RA.

C. Transitive Property

Mark the diagram with the given information.
↔ ↔
4. AB  AC
5. TR  MN
C

6. MA  5, AT  5
M

M

R

A

A

T

T

N

B

7. GQ  4, MQ  4

8. A is the midpoint of SR

9. BN  DM

S

B

TQ  6, PQ  6
G

P

A

R

N

D

M

Q

M

T

Complete the argument, giving a reason for each step.
10. Given: JK  SH, SH  MN

Prove: JK  MN

J

S

H

K

M

3. JK  MN

C is between B and D.
Prove: AD  AB  BC  CD
B

C

Reasons
1. ?
2. ?
3.

?

N

11. Given: B is between A and D.

A

Statements
1. JK  SH
2. SH  MN

D

Statements
1. B is between A and D.

C is between B and D.
2. AD  AB  BD
3. BD  BC  CD
4. AD  AB  BC  CD

Reasons
1. Given
2.
3.
4.

?
?
?

12. Write an argument for Exercise 11 in the form of a paragraph proof.

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MCRBG-0206-PA.qxd

6-7-2001

1:34 PM

Page 89

LESSON

2.6

NAME

DATE

Practice A
For use with pages 109–116

Use the diagram to decide whether the statement is true or false.
1. If m4  20, then m3  70.
2. If m4  20, then m2  20.

1

3. m4  m2  m3  m1

4

2
3

4. m4  m1  m3  m2

5. Vertical angles which measure 40

6. A linear pair where one angle measures 155

7. Complementary angles where one angle

8. Supplementary angles where one angle

measures 75

measures 75

Solve for x.
9.

10.

11.
3x  10

120

x  30

9x  55

2x  40

3x  35

12. Give a reason for each step of the proof. Choose from the list of reasons given.

Given: 1 and 2 are complementary. 
1  3, 2  4
Prove: 3 and 4 are complementary.

2
1

3
4

Statements
1. 1 and 2 are complementary.
2. m1  m2  90
3. 1  3, 2  4
4. m1  m3, m2  m4
5. m3  m2  90
6. m3  m4  90
7. 3 and 4 are complementary.

Reasons
1. Given
2. ?
3. Given
4. ?
5. ?
6. ?
7. ?

Reasons: Definition of complementary angles
Definition of congruent angles
Substitution Property of Equality
13. Write a two-column proof.

Given: 6  7
Prove: 5  8
Plan for Proof: First show that 5  6 and 7  8. Then
use transitivity to show that 5  8.
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6
5

8
7

Geometry
Chapter 2 Resource Book

89

Lesson 2.6

Make a sketch of the given information. Label all angles which can
be determined.