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Improvement of the Characteristics

Of Fabricated Solar Cells by
Chemical Etching of the Si Surface
Solar energy conversion to electricity through photo-voltaic or to useful fuel
through photo-electrochemical cells was and still a main task for research
groups and development sectors. Solar conversion efficiencies of about 12-16%
have been achieved with a remarkable cost reduction. The fabrication of solar
cells have passed many improvements in recent years considering the
technological and economic aspects.
In this seminar, the methods to improve the power and stabilization of the I-V
characteristics and hence the solar conversion efficiency of industrially
fabricated solar cells by metal-assisted etching is studied in detailed. Metalassisted etching of p-Si in aqueous hydrofluoric acid, HF, solutions containing
oxidizing agents like potassium bromate, KBrO3, potassium iodate, KIO3, or
potassium dichromate, K2Cr2O7, are used for the preparation of well-defined
pores. The effect of oxidizing agent and its concentration on the main
characteristics of the prepared solar cells are investigated and discussed.
Keywords: chemical

etching, metal-assisted etching, potassium
etching, porous silicon layers, surface
No: 10

1. Waheed A Badawy, Said A. Elmeniawy, Amr N. Hafez,
“Improvement of the Photovoltaic Characteristics of
Industrially Fabricated Solar Cells by Chemical Etching
of the Si Surface”.
2. Smetad G, Kunst M and Vial, J C, 1992, “Photovoltaic
Response in
Electrochemical Prepared Photo
luminescent Porous Silicon,” Solar Energy Mater Solar