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Biology project

:
Investigating cell
organelles
By: Clivens Charles and Brian Brice

Nucleus
The Nucleus is the control center for the cell. like a
brain, the Nucleus tells the cell what to do. The
nucleus is usually the center piece of an animal cell.
In a plant cell, the nucleus is inevitably out sized by
the central vacuole and pushed aside by its mass.

Mitochondria
The Mitochondria supplies energy to the cell.
Mitochondria are bean shaped and have two
membranes. unlike most organelles mitochondria
have their own ribosomes and DNA. The mitochondria
is located in the cytoplasm of cells.

The Rough ER
The rough Endoplasmic Reticulum is an
interconnected network of thin folded membranes.
The R.E.R contains ribosome's on its surface. it is
located through out the cell.

The smooth ER
The smooth Endoplasmic Reticulum is found through out
the cell.
The main function of the organelle is to make cellular
products like lipids and hormones.

Chloroplast & Chlorophyll

Chloroplast is Are organelles that carry out photosynthesis,
a series of complex reactions that convert energy from the
sun into energy rich molecules the cell can use, And is
found in plant cells and in eukaryotic algae.
 Chlorophyll is green pigment in all green plants responsible
for absorbing light to provide energy for photosynthesis,
And is found in the thylakoid sacs of the chloroplast.

Ribosome

The Ribosome is a Tiny organelle that link amino acids
together to form proteins. It is either located in a
liquid inside the cell called the cytoplasm or attached
to the membrane. They can be found in both
prokaryote (bacteria) and eukaryote (animals
and plant) cells.

Golgi apparatus
The Golgi apparatus is located in the cytoplasm next to the
endoplasmic reticulum and near the cell nucleus. Its main function is to
Transport proteins and lipids to targeted destinations.

vacuole
Vacuoles are storage bubbles found in cells. They
are found in both animal and plant cells but are much
larger in plant cells.

lysosome
Lysosomes are organelles that contain digestive enzymes.
They digest excess or worn out organelles, food particles,
and engulfed viruses or bacteria. You will find
lysosomes in nearly every animal-like eukaryotic cell.

Cell wall / cytoskeleton
The cell wall is like a prison, meant to keep in and keep out
what is necessary or what is not needed.
The cytoskeleton is a structure that helps cells maintain
their shape and internal organization, and it also provides
mechanical support that enables cells to carry out essential
functions like division and movement.

nucleolus
The nucleolus takes up around 25% of the volume of the
nucleus. This structure is made up of proteins and
ribonucleic acids (RNA). Its mainfunction is to rewrite
ribosomal RNA (rRNA) and combine it with proteins.

A Cell
the smallest structural and functional unit of an organism,
typically microscopic and consisting of cytoplasm and a
nucleus enclosed in a membrane. Microscopic organisms
typically consist of a single cell, which is either eukaryotic
or prokaryotic.