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LESSON

NAME _________________________________________________________ DATE ___________

4.1

Practice A
For use with pages 194–201

In the figure, AB  BC and BD  AC. Complete the sentence.

A

1. BC is the ______ of right triangle BDC.
2. BD is a ______ of right triangle BDC.
3. AC is the ______ of isosceles triangle ABC.

D

4. The legs of isosceles triangle ABC are ______ and ______.

B

C

Classify the triangle by its angles and by its sides.
6.

7.

8.

10.

11.

30

75

75

9.

115

108

Classify the sentence with always, sometimes, or never.
12. An equilateral triangle is ______ an isosceles triangle.
13. An isosceles triangle is ______ an equilateral triangle.
14. A right triangle is ______ an acute triangle.
15. An exterior angle of a triangle is ______ acute.

Find the measure of the numbered angle.
16.

17.

1

53

18.
1

42

33

2

68

2 102

1

Geometry
Chapter 4 Resource Book

15

Lesson 4.1

5. The legs of right triangle ADB are ______ and ______.

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LESSON

4.2

NAME _________________________________________________________ DATE ___________

Practice A
For use with pages 202–210

1. Given ABC  DEF, name three

2. Given MNO  PQR, name three

pairs of congruent sides.

pairs of congruent angles.

A

D

N

Q

M
B

C

P

E

F

O

R

3. Copy the congruent triangles shown at the right.

Lesson 4.2

Then label the vertices of your triangles so that 
RUV  TNF. Identify all pairs of congruent
corresponding angles and corresponding sides.

In the diagram, MKL  JET. Complete the statement.
4. L 
6. mM 

M

J

5. MK  

6 cm 85

7. mT 

8. ML 

32 

L

9. ETJ 

K

T

E

Complete this statement.
10. If WRD  PLK, then WR 
12. If SVP  MTQ, then PS 

.
.

14. If RHK  WVO, then KRH 

11. If BGT  DSN, then T 

.

13. If JCX  MWP, then XC 

.

. 15. If PMC  LDX, then M 

.

Identify any figures that can be proved congruent. Explain your reasoning.
For those that can be proved congruent, write a congruence statement.
16. A

17.

B

X
W

D

Y

C

18. M

Z

19.

I

O

H
N

30

P

J

K

Q

Geometry
Chapter 4 Resource Book

L

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LESSON

NAME _________________________________________________________ DATE ___________

4.3

Practice A
For use with pages 212–219

Use the diagram. Name the included angle between the pair of sides given.
1. MT and TR

2. TQ and RT

3. RT and MR

4. TQ and RQ

5. MR and TM

6. RT and QR

M

T

R

Q

For each pair of congruent triangles, name the pairs of corresponding sides.
7. ABC  TDF
8. DCT  FLG

Decide whether enough information is given to prove that the
triangles are congruent. If there is enough information, state the
congruence postulate you would use.
10. XYW, ZWY
X

11. MAE, TAE
Y

12. KHJ, KLJ
L

E
M

T

K
W

Z

J

A

H

13. DKA, TKS

14. ENV, LOV
E

A

15. TRA, GRA
L

A

S

N

V

O
T

T

R

G

Complete the proof by supplying the reasons.
16. Given: O is the midpoint of MQ.

O is the midpoint of NP.
Prove: MON  QOP
M
P
O
N
Q

Statements

Reasons

1. O is the midpoint of MQ.

1.

?

2. MO  QO

2.

?

3. O is the midpoint of NP.

3.

?

4. NO  PO

4.

?

5. MON  QOP

5.

?

6. MON  QOP

6.

?

Geometry
Chapter 4 Resource Book

45

Lesson 4.3

K
D

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LESSON

NAME _________________________________________________________ DATE ___________

4.4

Practice A
For use with pages 220–227

State the third congruence that must be given to prove that 
ABC  DEF using the indicated postulate or theorem.
1. ASA Congruence Postulate
F

2. AAS Congruence Theorem
D

A

D

B

B E

E
A

C

F

C

3. SSS Congruence Postulate
B

4. SAS Congruence Postulate
D

C

A

F

E

B
E

C

D

F

A

Is it possible to prove that the triangles are congruent? If so, state
the postulate or theorem you would use. Explain your reasoning.
5.

6.

W

C

7.

A

T

S

O

X

D

Z

Y

R
F

Complete the proof by supplying the reasons.

L

8. Given: LA  SN, LR  NR

Prove: LAR  NSR
S
L
R

Reasons

1. LA  SN

1.

?

2. L  N

2.

?

3. LR  NR

3.

?

4. LRA  NRS

4.

?

5. LAR  NSR

5.

?

Write a two-column or a paragraph proof.

A

Lesson 4.4

N
A

Statements

B

9. Given: AB  CD, AC  BD

Prove: ABC  DCB
C

D
Geometry
Chapter 4 Resource Book

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Lesson 4.5

LESSON

4.5

NAME _________________________________________________________ DATE ___________

Practice A
For use with pages 229–235

Use the diagram to answer the following.

I

1. What triangles appear to be congruent?
2. To prove IKS EKS, which triangles must you

prove to be congruent?

S

K

T

3. To prove TIS  TES, which triangles must you

prove to be congruent?
4. To prove IK  EK, which triangles must you prove
E

to be congruent?
Use the diagram to answer the following.

P

5. If PDA RDL, then 1 corresponds to 

?

.

6. If PRA RPL, then 1 corresponds to 

?

.

A
3 1

2
7

7. If PDL RDA, then name 3 pair of corresponding angles.

4
8 9

D

6

8. If PDL RDA, then name 3 pair of corresponding sides.

11

12

L

5

10
R

Use the marked diagram to state the method used to prove the
triangles congruent. Name the additional corresponding parts that
could then be concluded to be congruent.
9.

10. B

A T

11.

W

X

N
M
O
C

X M

N
C
Z

Y

Complete the proof by supplying the reasons.
12. Given: AB  DC, AD  BC

Prove: A  C
A

D

B

C

Write a two-column or a paragraph proof.

Statements

Reasons

1. AB  DC

1.

?

2.

?

3. BD  BD

3.

?

4. ABD  CDB 4.

?

5. A  C

?

5.

A
E

13. Given: AC  DC, A  D

C

Prove: B  E
B
D
72

Geometry
Chapter 4 Resource Book

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Page 85

LESSON

NAME _________________________________________________________ DATE ___________

4.6

Practice A
For use with pages 236–242
R

Use the diagram to answer the following.

1

1. If RI  IT, what angles are congruent?
2. If TN  IT, what angles are congruent?
3. If 1  6, what segments are congruent?

2

I

4. The legs of isosceles triangle TNH are ______ and ______.

T

3

11
10

4

5

9
G

8

7
N

Lesson 4.6

5. The vertex angle of RGH is ______.
6
H

Solve for x and y.
6.

7.

8.

y

x
x

x

y

y

72

Decide whether enough information is given to prove that the
9.

10.

A

11.

N

M

B

O

U

R

T

O

C

D

P

S

Solve for x.
12.

13.

(3x  8)

(4x  10)

14.
54
x

40
(2x  20)

A

Write a two-column or a paragraph proof.

DB  AC

D

1
2

3
B
4

C

Geometry
Chapter 4 Resource Book

85

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LESSON

NAME _________________________________________________________ DATE ___________

4.7

Practice A
For use with pages 243–250

Find the missing coordinates.
1.

2.

y

3.

y

B(—, —)

B(—, —)

y

A(5, 3)

A(3, 4)
D(—, —)
x

1

A(8, 0)

x

B(2, 4)

x

C(—, —)

D(—, —)
C(—, —)

Find the missing coordinates without using any new variables.
4.

5.

y

6.

y

B(—, —) y

B(0, b)
A(a, b)

B(—, —)

A(a, 0)
x

Lesson 4.7

C(—, —)
C(—, —) x

A(a, 0) x

C(—, —)

D(—, —)

Place the figure in the coordinate plane. Label the vertices and give
the coordinates of each vertex.
7. An isosceles right triangle with legs of 12 units
8. A rectangle with a length of 16 units and a width of 8 units
9. A square with a perimeter of 36 units

Place the figure in the coordinate plane and find the given information.
10. A right triangle with legs of 8 and 10 units; find the length of the hypotenuse.
11. A rectangle with a length of 20 units and a width of 12 units; find the

length of a diagonal.
12. A square with an area of 25 square units; find the length of a diagonal.

Write a paragraph proof.

y

13. Given: OM  LN

L(0, 12)

Prove: OM bisects LON.

M
2 
2

102

Geometry
Chapter 4 Resource Book

O(0, 0)

N(12, 0) x