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Page 15

LESSON

NAME _________________________________________________________ DATE ___________

4.1

Practice A
For use with pages 194–201

In the figure, AB  BC and BD  AC. Complete the sentence.

A

1. BC is the ______ of right triangle BDC.
2. BD is a ______ of right triangle BDC.
3. AC is the ______ of isosceles triangle ABC.

D

4. The legs of isosceles triangle ABC are ______ and ______.

B

C

Classify the triangle by its angles and by its sides.
6.

7.

8.

10.

11.

30

75

75

9.

115

108

Classify the sentence with always, sometimes, or never.
12. An equilateral triangle is ______ an isosceles triangle.
13. An isosceles triangle is ______ an equilateral triangle.
14. A right triangle is ______ an acute triangle.
15. An exterior angle of a triangle is ______ acute.

Find the measure of the numbered angle.
16.

17.

1

53

18.
1

42

33

2

68

2 102

1

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Geometry
Chapter 4 Resource Book

15

Lesson 4.1

5. The legs of right triangle ADB are ______ and ______.

MCRBG-0402-PA.qxd

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Page 30

LESSON

4.2

NAME _________________________________________________________ DATE ___________

Practice A
For use with pages 202–210

1. Given ABC  DEF, name three

2. Given MNO  PQR, name three

pairs of congruent sides.

pairs of congruent angles.

A

D

N

Q

M
B

C

P

E

F

O

R

3. Copy the congruent triangles shown at the right.

Lesson 4.2

Then label the vertices of your triangles so that 
RUV  TNF. Identify all pairs of congruent
corresponding angles and corresponding sides.

In the diagram, MKL  JET. Complete the statement.
4. L 
6. mM 

M

J

5. MK  

6 cm 85

7. mT 

8. ML 

32 

L

9. ETJ 

K

T

E

Complete this statement.
10. If WRD  PLK, then WR 
12. If SVP  MTQ, then PS 

.
.

14. If RHK  WVO, then KRH 

11. If BGT  DSN, then T 

.

13. If JCX  MWP, then XC 

.

. 15. If PMC  LDX, then M 

.

Identify any figures that can be proved congruent. Explain your reasoning.
For those that can be proved congruent, write a congruence statement.
16. A

17.

B

X
W

D

Y

C

18. M

Z

19.

I

O

H
N

30

P

J

K

Q

Geometry
Chapter 4 Resource Book

L

Copyright © McDougal Littell Inc.
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MCRBG-0403-PA.qxd

4-19-2001

12:52 PM

Page 45

LESSON

NAME _________________________________________________________ DATE ___________

4.3

Practice A
For use with pages 212–219

Use the diagram. Name the included angle between the pair of sides given.
1. MT and TR

2. TQ and RT

3. RT and MR

4. TQ and RQ

5. MR and TM

6. RT and QR

M

T

R

Q

For each pair of congruent triangles, name the pairs of corresponding sides.
7. ABC  TDF
8. DCT  FLG
9. PWR  ADE

Decide whether enough information is given to prove that the
triangles are congruent. If there is enough information, state the
congruence postulate you would use.
10. XYW, ZWY
X

11. MAE, TAE
Y

12. KHJ, KLJ
L

E
M

T

K
W

Z

J

A

H

13. DKA, TKS

14. ENV, LOV
E

A

15. TRA, GRA
L

A

S

N

V

O
T

T

R

G

Complete the proof by supplying the reasons.
16. Given: O is the midpoint of MQ.

O is the midpoint of NP.
Prove: MON  QOP
M
P
O
N
Q

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All rights reserved.

Statements

Reasons

1. O is the midpoint of MQ.

1.

?

2. MO  QO

2.

?

3. O is the midpoint of NP.

3.

?

4. NO  PO

4.

?

5. MON  QOP

5.

?

6. MON  QOP

6.

?

Geometry
Chapter 4 Resource Book

45

Lesson 4.3

K
D

MCRBG-0404-PA.qxd

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Page 59

LESSON

NAME _________________________________________________________ DATE ___________

4.4

Practice A
For use with pages 220–227

State the third congruence that must be given to prove that 
ABC  DEF using the indicated postulate or theorem.
1. ASA Congruence Postulate
F

2. AAS Congruence Theorem
D

A

D

B

B E

E
A

C

F

C

3. SSS Congruence Postulate
B

4. SAS Congruence Postulate
D

C

A

F

E

B
E

C

D

F

A

Is it possible to prove that the triangles are congruent? If so, state
the postulate or theorem you would use. Explain your reasoning.
5.

6.

W

C

7.

A

T

S

O

X

D

Z

Y

R
F

Complete the proof by supplying the reasons.

L

8. Given: LA  SN, LR  NR

Prove: LAR  NSR
S
L
R

Reasons

1. LA  SN

1.

?

2. L  N

2.

?

3. LR  NR

3.

?

4. LRA  NRS

4.

?

5. LAR  NSR

5.

?

Write a two-column or a paragraph proof.

A

Lesson 4.4

N
A

Statements

B

9. Given: AB  CD, AC  BD

Prove: ABC  DCB
C
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D
Geometry
Chapter 4 Resource Book

59

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Page 72

Lesson 4.5

LESSON

4.5

NAME _________________________________________________________ DATE ___________

Practice A
For use with pages 229–235

Use the diagram to answer the following.

I

1. What triangles appear to be congruent?
2. To prove IKS EKS, which triangles must you

prove to be congruent?

S

K

T

3. To prove TIS  TES, which triangles must you

prove to be congruent?
4. To prove IK  EK, which triangles must you prove
E

to be congruent?
Use the diagram to answer the following.

P

5. If PDA RDL, then 1 corresponds to 

?

.

6. If PRA RPL, then 1 corresponds to 

?

.

A
3 1

2
7

7. If PDL RDA, then name 3 pair of corresponding angles.

4
8 9

D

6

8. If PDL RDA, then name 3 pair of corresponding sides.

11

12

L

5

10
R

Use the marked diagram to state the method used to prove the
triangles congruent. Name the additional corresponding parts that
could then be concluded to be congruent.
9.

10. B

A T

11.

W

X

N
M
O
C

X M

N
C
Z

Y

Complete the proof by supplying the reasons.
12. Given: AB  DC, AD  BC

Prove: A  C
A

D

B

C

Write a two-column or a paragraph proof.

Statements

Reasons

1. AB  DC

1.

?

2. AD  BC

2.

?

3. BD  BD

3.

?

4. ABD  CDB 4.

?

5. A  C

?

5.

A
E

13. Given: AC  DC, A  D

C

Prove: B  E
B
D
72

Geometry
Chapter 4 Resource Book

Copyright © McDougal Littell Inc.
All rights reserved.

MCRBG-0406-PA.qxd

4-19-2001

2:28 PM

Page 85

LESSON

NAME _________________________________________________________ DATE ___________

4.6

Practice A
For use with pages 236–242
R

Use the diagram to answer the following.

1

1. If RI  IT, what angles are congruent?
2. If TN  IT, what angles are congruent?
3. If 1  6, what segments are congruent?

2

I

4. The legs of isosceles triangle TNH are ______ and ______.

T

3

11
10

4

5

9
G

8

7
N

Lesson 4.6

5. The vertex angle of RGH is ______.
6
H

Solve for x and y.
6.

7.

8.

y

x
x

x

y

y

72

Decide whether enough information is given to prove that the
triangles are congruent. Explain your answer.
9.

10.

A

11.

N

M

B

O

U

R

T

O

C

D

P

S

Solve for x.
12.

13.

(3x  8)

(4x  10)

14.
54
x

40
(2x  20)

A

Write a two-column or a paragraph proof.
15. Given: BD bisects ADC.

DB  AC

D

1
2

3
B
4

Prove: ADC is isosceles
C
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Geometry
Chapter 4 Resource Book

85

MCRBG-0407-PA.qxd

4-19-2001

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Page 102

LESSON

NAME _________________________________________________________ DATE ___________

4.7

Practice A
For use with pages 243–250

Find the missing coordinates.
1.

2.

y

3.

y

B(—, —)

B(—, —)

y

A(5, 3)

A(3, 4)
D(—, —)
x

1

A(8, 0)

x

B(2, 4)

x

C(—, —)

D(—, —)
C(—, —)

Find the missing coordinates without using any new variables.
4.

5.

y

6.

y

B(—, —) y

B(0, b)
A(a, b)

B(—, —)

A(a, 0)
x

Lesson 4.7

C(—, —)
C(—, —) x

A(a, 0) x

C(—, —)

D(—, —)

Place the figure in the coordinate plane. Label the vertices and give
the coordinates of each vertex.
7. An isosceles right triangle with legs of 12 units
8. A rectangle with a length of 16 units and a width of 8 units
9. A square with a perimeter of 36 units

Place the figure in the coordinate plane and find the given information.
10. A right triangle with legs of 8 and 10 units; find the length of the hypotenuse.
11. A rectangle with a length of 20 units and a width of 12 units; find the

length of a diagonal.
12. A square with an area of 25 square units; find the length of a diagonal.

Write a paragraph proof.

y

13. Given: OM  LN

L(0, 12)

Prove: OM bisects LON.

M
2 
2

102

Geometry
Chapter 4 Resource Book

O(0, 0)

N(12, 0) x

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