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4-19-2001

11:59 AM

Page 15

LESSON

NAME _________________________________________________________ DATE ___________

4.1

Practice A

For use with pages 194–201

In the figure, AB BC and BD AC. Complete the sentence.

A

**1. BC is the ______ of right triangle BDC.
**

2. BD is a ______ of right triangle BDC.

3. AC is the ______ of isosceles triangle ABC.

D

4. The legs of isosceles triangle ABC are ______ and ______.

B

C

**Classify the triangle by its angles and by its sides.
**

6.

7.

8.

10.

11.

30

75

75

9.

115

108

**Classify the sentence with always, sometimes, or never.
**

12. An equilateral triangle is ______ an isosceles triangle.

13. An isosceles triangle is ______ an equilateral triangle.

14. A right triangle is ______ an acute triangle.

15. An exterior angle of a triangle is ______ acute.

**Find the measure of the numbered angle.
**

16.

17.

1

53

18.

1

42

33

2

68

2 102

1

**Copyright © McDougal Littell Inc.
**

All rights reserved.

Geometry

Chapter 4 Resource Book

15

Lesson 4.1

5. The legs of right triangle ADB are ______ and ______.

MCRBG-0402-PA.qxd

4-19-2001

12:17 PM

Page 30

LESSON

4.2

NAME _________________________________________________________ DATE ___________

Practice A

For use with pages 202–210

1. Given ABC DEF, name three

2. Given MNO PQR, name three

pairs of congruent sides.

pairs of congruent angles.

A

D

N

Q

M

B

C

P

E

F

O

R

3. Copy the congruent triangles shown at the right.

Lesson 4.2

**Then label the vertices of your triangles so that
**

RUV TNF. Identify all pairs of congruent

corresponding angles and corresponding sides.

**In the diagram, MKL JET. Complete the statement.
**

4. L

6. mM

M

J

5. MK

6 cm 85

7. mT

8. ML

32

L

9. ETJ

K

T

E

**Complete this statement.
**

10. If WRD PLK, then WR

12. If SVP MTQ, then PS

.

.

14. If RHK WVO, then KRH

11. If BGT DSN, then T

.

13. If JCX MWP, then XC

.

. 15. If PMC LDX, then M

.

**Identify any figures that can be proved congruent. Explain your reasoning.
**

For those that can be proved congruent, write a congruence statement.

16. A

17.

B

X

W

D

Y

C

18. M

Z

19.

I

O

H

N

30

P

J

K

Q

Geometry

Chapter 4 Resource Book

L

**Copyright © McDougal Littell Inc.
**

All rights reserved.

MCRBG-0403-PA.qxd

4-19-2001

12:52 PM

Page 45

LESSON

NAME _________________________________________________________ DATE ___________

4.3

Practice A

For use with pages 212–219

**Use the diagram. Name the included angle between the pair of sides given.
**

1. MT and TR

2. TQ and RT

3. RT and MR

4. TQ and RQ

5. MR and TM

6. RT and QR

M

T

R

Q

**For each pair of congruent triangles, name the pairs of corresponding sides.
**

7. ABC TDF

8. DCT FLG

9. PWR ADE

**Decide whether enough information is given to prove that the
**

triangles are congruent. If there is enough information, state the

congruence postulate you would use.

10. XYW, ZWY

X

**11. MAE, TAE
**

Y

**12. KHJ, KLJ
**

L

E

M

T

K

W

Z

J

A

H

13. DKA, TKS

**14. ENV, LOV
**

E

A

**15. TRA, GRA
**

L

A

S

N

V

O

T

T

R

G

**Complete the proof by supplying the reasons.
**

16. Given: O is the midpoint of MQ.

O is the midpoint of NP.

Prove: MON QOP

M

P

O

N

Q

**Copyright © McDougal Littell Inc.
**

All rights reserved.

Statements

Reasons

1. O is the midpoint of MQ.

1.

?

2. MO QO

2.

?

3. O is the midpoint of NP.

3.

?

4. NO PO

4.

?

5. MON QOP

5.

?

6. MON QOP

6.

?

Geometry

Chapter 4 Resource Book

45

Lesson 4.3

K

D

MCRBG-0404-PA.qxd

4-30-2001

3:31 PM

Page 59

LESSON

NAME _________________________________________________________ DATE ___________

4.4

Practice A

For use with pages 220–227

**State the third congruence that must be given to prove that
**

ABC DEF using the indicated postulate or theorem.

1. ASA Congruence Postulate

F

**2. AAS Congruence Theorem
**

D

A

D

B

B E

E

A

C

F

C

**3. SSS Congruence Postulate
**

B

**4. SAS Congruence Postulate
**

D

C

A

F

E

B

E

C

D

F

A

**Is it possible to prove that the triangles are congruent? If so, state
**

the postulate or theorem you would use. Explain your reasoning.

5.

6.

W

C

7.

A

T

S

O

X

D

Z

Y

R

F

Complete the proof by supplying the reasons.

L

8. Given: LA SN, LR NR

**Prove: LAR NSR
**

S

L

R

Reasons

1. LA SN

1.

?

2. L N

2.

?

3. LR NR

3.

?

4. LRA NRS

4.

?

5. LAR NSR

5.

?

Write a two-column or a paragraph proof.

A

Lesson 4.4

N

A

Statements

B

9. Given: AB CD, AC BD

**Prove: ABC DCB
**

C

Copyright © McDougal Littell Inc.

All rights reserved.

D

Geometry

Chapter 4 Resource Book

59

MCRBG-0405-PA.qxd

4-19-2001

2:06 PM

Page 72

Lesson 4.5

LESSON

4.5

NAME _________________________________________________________ DATE ___________

Practice A

For use with pages 229–235

Use the diagram to answer the following.

I

**1. What triangles appear to be congruent?
**

2. To prove IKS EKS, which triangles must you

prove to be congruent?

S

K

T

3. To prove TIS TES, which triangles must you

prove to be congruent?

4. To prove IK EK, which triangles must you prove

E

to be congruent?

Use the diagram to answer the following.

P

5. If PDA RDL, then 1 corresponds to

?

.

6. If PRA RPL, then 1 corresponds to

?

.

A

3 1

2

7

7. If PDL RDA, then name 3 pair of corresponding angles.

4

8 9

D

6

8. If PDL RDA, then name 3 pair of corresponding sides.

11

12

L

5

10

R

**Use the marked diagram to state the method used to prove the
**

triangles congruent. Name the additional corresponding parts that

could then be concluded to be congruent.

9.

10. B

A T

11.

W

X

N

M

O

C

X M

N

C

Z

Y

**Complete the proof by supplying the reasons.
**

12. Given: AB DC, AD BC

Prove: A C

A

D

B

C

Write a two-column or a paragraph proof.

Statements

Reasons

1. AB DC

1.

?

2. AD BC

2.

?

3. BD BD

3.

?

4. ABD CDB 4.

?

5. A C

?

5.

A

E

13. Given: AC DC, A D

C

Prove: B E

B

D

72

Geometry

Chapter 4 Resource Book

**Copyright © McDougal Littell Inc.
**

All rights reserved.

MCRBG-0406-PA.qxd

4-19-2001

2:28 PM

Page 85

LESSON

NAME _________________________________________________________ DATE ___________

4.6

Practice A

For use with pages 236–242

R

Use the diagram to answer the following.

1

**1. If RI IT, what angles are congruent?
**

2. If TN IT, what angles are congruent?

3. If 1 6, what segments are congruent?

2

I

4. The legs of isosceles triangle TNH are ______ and ______.

T

3

11

10

4

5

9

G

8

7

N

Lesson 4.6

**5. The vertex angle of RGH is ______.
**

6

H

**Solve for x and y.
**

6.

7.

8.

y

x

x

x

y

y

72

**Decide whether enough information is given to prove that the
**

triangles are congruent. Explain your answer.

9.

10.

A

11.

N

M

B

O

U

R

T

O

C

D

P

S

Solve for x.

12.

13.

(3x 8)

(4x 10)

14.

54

x

40

(2x 20)

A

**Write a two-column or a paragraph proof.
**

15. Given: BD bisects ADC.

DB AC

D

1

2

3

B

4

**Prove: ADC is isosceles
**

C

Copyright © McDougal Littell Inc.

All rights reserved.

Geometry

Chapter 4 Resource Book

85

MCRBG-0407-PA.qxd

4-19-2001

2:53 PM

Page 102

LESSON

NAME _________________________________________________________ DATE ___________

4.7

Practice A

For use with pages 243–250

**Find the missing coordinates.
**

1.

2.

y

3.

y

B(—, —)

B(—, —)

y

A(5, 3)

A(3, 4)

D(—, —)

x

1

A(8, 0)

x

B(2, 4)

x

C(—, —)

D(—, —)

C(—, —)

**Find the missing coordinates without using any new variables.
**

4.

5.

y

6.

y

B(—, —) y

B(0, b)

A(a, b)

B(—, —)

A(a, 0)

x

Lesson 4.7

C(—, —)

C(—, —) x

A(a, 0) x

C(—, —)

D(—, —)

**Place the figure in the coordinate plane. Label the vertices and give
**

the coordinates of each vertex.

7. An isosceles right triangle with legs of 12 units

8. A rectangle with a length of 16 units and a width of 8 units

9. A square with a perimeter of 36 units

**Place the figure in the coordinate plane and find the given information.
**

10. A right triangle with legs of 8 and 10 units; find the length of the hypotenuse.

11. A rectangle with a length of 20 units and a width of 12 units; find the

length of a diagonal.

12. A square with an area of 25 square units; find the length of a diagonal.

Write a paragraph proof.

y

13. Given: OM LN

L(0, 12)

Prove: OM bisects LON.

M

2

2

102

Geometry

Chapter 4 Resource Book

O(0, 0)

N(12, 0) x

**Copyright © McDougal Littell Inc.
**

All rights reserved.

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