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LESSON

NAME _________________________________________________________ DATE ___________

8.1

Practice A
For use with pages 457–464

The girls’ soccer team won 10 games and lost 2, and the boys’
soccer team won 12 games and lost 3.
1. What is the ratio of the girls’ wins to their losses?
2. What is the ratio of the boys’ wins to their losses?
3. What is the ratio of the girls’ wins to the total number of games played?

5. Which team had the greater winning ratio?

Simplify the ratio.
6.

6 yards
12 yards

7.

14 trucks
7 trucks

8.

16 people
24 people

9.

32 meters
24 meters

Find the width to length ratio of each rectangle. Then simplify the
ratio.
10.

11.

12.
8 in.

12 cm

2 ft

10 in.
16 cm
8 in.

Rewrite the fraction so that the numerator and denominator have
the same units. Then simplify.
13.

2 yd
24 in.

14.

60 mm
1 cm

15.

40 g
1 kg

16.

20 ft
3 yd

17.

3 lb
12 oz

18.

5 weeks
30 days

19.

85 cm
0.5 m

20.

2 mi
60 ft

Solve the proportion.
21.

x
10 

3 15

22.

y
2 

10 5

23.

20
m 

30 120

24.

4
16 

x2 x5

25.

3
15 

y2
y

26.

2
3 

y3
y

27. On an N-gauge model train set, a tank car is 3.75 inches long. An actual

tank car is 50 feet long. What is the ratio of the length of the actual car to
the length of the model tank car?

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Geometry
Chapter 8 Resource Book

13

Lesson 8.1

4. What is the ratio of the boys’ wins to the total number of games played?

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Page 25

LESSON

NAME _________________________________________________________ DATE ___________

8.2

Practice A
For use with pages 465–471

Complete the sentence.
1. If

a 3
b ? 
, then  .
b 4
a ?

2. If

a ?
a 3 
, then  .
b 4
3 ?

3. If

a 3
ab ? 
, then 
.
b 4
b
?

4. If

? 7
a 3 
, then  .
b 4
? 4

Decide whether the statement is true or false.
5. If

m 4
n
4 
, then  .
n
5
m 5

6. If

3 m
m 3 
, then  .
n
6
n
6

7. If

m 2
mn 5 
, then 
.
n
3
n
3

8. If

m 3
1
mn 
, then 
.
n
4
n
4

Find the geometric mean of the two numbers.
9. 4 and 9

10. 4 and 16

11. 3 and 12

12. 5 and 20

13. 4 and 8

14. 6 and 12
Lesson 8.2

Use the diagram and the given information to find the unknown
length.
15. Given:

AB
AC 

, find BD.
BD CE

16. Given:

A
4
B

MN MP 

, find PQ.
NO
PQ

M

10
C
15

D

12
E

18 24

P

N

Q

O

In Exercises 17 and 18, construct a verbal model and solve the
proportion.
17. The recommended application for a particular type of lawn fertilizer is one

50-pound bag for 575 square feet. How many bags of this type of fertilizer
would be required to fertilize 2850 square feet of lawn?
Verbal Model:

a.
b.

?
? 

c.
d.

?
?

18. You have just moved into a new neighborhood and a new house valued at

$110,000. If your next door neighbor pays $1,150 in real estate taxes each
year on a house valued at $89,000, how much a year should you expect to
pay in real estate taxes? (Assume that the rate is the same.)
Verbal Model:

a.
b.

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?
? 

c.
d.

?
?

Geometry
Chapter 8 Resource Book

25

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Page 38

LESSON

NAME _________________________________________________________ DATE ___________

8.3

Practice A
For use with pages 473–479

You are given the length and width of three rectangles. Which two
are similar?
1. a. 5 in.  7 in.

b. 8.5 in.  11 in.

c. 10 in.  14 in.

2. a. 4 ft  5 ft

b. 20 ft  25 ft

c. 8 cm  1 m

3. a. 3 cm  15 cm

b. 3 ft  15 in.

c. 6 cm  30 cm

b. 21 in.  49 in.

c. 1 ft  3 ft

4. a.

3
2

cm

7 
2

cm

List all pairs of congruent angles and write the statement of
proportionality for the figures.
5. GRM ~ TFD
M

7.  ABCD ~  MNOP

6. STR ~ JKL
T

R
T

S

R
K

G
F

D

J

A

B

D

C

M

N

P

O

L

Decide whether the polygons are similar. If so, write a similarity
statement.
8.

6
X

N

6

L

U

8

4

C

10
T

10

10

F

8

8

15

9

Lesson 8.3

9.

M

A

12

R

R

T

N

6

4

Q

In the diagram at the right, polygon ABCD ~ polygon GHIJ.
10. Find the scale factor of polygon ABCD to polygon GHIJ.

8

A

B

11. Find the scale factor of polygon GHIJ to polygon ABCD.
11

12. Find the values of x and y.

11

13. Find the perimeter of each polygon.
14. Find the ratio of the perimeter of ABCD to the perimeter

D
G

of GHIJ.

x
y

C
H

5.5
J

38

Geometry
Chapter 8 Resource Book

8

I

Copyright © McDougal Littell Inc.
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Page 55

LESSON

NAME _________________________________________________________ DATE ___________

8.4

Practice A
For use with pages 480–487

Which triangles are similar to EFG? Explain.
1. E

A.

B.

30

C.
60

60

35
F

G

2. E

A.
70

B.

C.
70

40

45

G
F

Decide whether ABC and DEF are similar, not similar, or cannot
be determined for the given information.
3.

E

A

D

4.

92

48

C

43

A

41

92

55

48

B

E

E

77

57

5.

D
A

F

70

F

B

F
C

67

C

D

B

The triangles shown are similar. List all the pairs of congruent
angles and write the statement of proportionality.
6.

7. A

S

P

8.

D

L
M

T

C

M

E
Q

R

P

O

N

B

Use the diagram to complete the following.
9. MON ~

11.
12.

G

MN ON MO  

?
?
?
16
? 

?
10

O

12

x H

y

?
8 

16
?

10

8

M

16

Lesson 8.4

10.

?

I

N

13. Solve for x and y.
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Geometry
Chapter 8 Resource Book

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Page 70

Lesson 8.5

LESSON

NAME _________________________________________________________ DATE ___________

8.5

Practice A
For use with pages 488–496

Name a postulate or theorem that can be used to prove that the
two triangles are similar. Then, write a similarity statement.
1.

3

A

F

2.

V
4

6

12

A

D
6

Q
A

D

3. M

E

T

B

C

H

M

8

U

Determine which two of the three given triangles are similar. Find
the scale factor for the pair.
4. A

D

G
7

59

8
4

5

38

F

C

3.5

2

I
3

H

6

7

E

B

5. J

75

K

3

P

M

20

4

30

N

6

L

R

Q

O

Are the triangles similar? If so, state the similarity and the postulate
or theorem that justifies your answer.
6.

A
F

7. C

S

M

41 92

57

B

E

92
D
C

T

A

R

Decide whether the statement is true or false.
Explain your reasoning.
8. If an acute angle of a right triangle is congruent to an acute angle of another

right triangle, then the triangles are similar.
9. All equilateral triangles are similar.
10. If two triangles are congruent, then they are similar.
11. If two triangles are similar, then they are congruent.
12. All isosceles triangles with a 40 vertex angle are similar.

70

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Chapter 8 Resource Book

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Page 87

LESSON

NAME _________________________________________________________ DATE ___________

8.6

Practice A
For use with pages 498–505

Use the figure to complete the proportions.

3.

F

BD
? 

2.
DF EG

AB BC 

1.
AF
?
AD AE 

BD
?

4.

B
A

AC
AB 

AG
?

C
E

AB
? 

6.
DF EG

G

Determine whether the statement is true or false. Explain your
reasoning.
7.

AB
AC 

BD CE

8.

AC
BC 

CE DE

9.

EC ED 

CA
CB

10.

DB EC 

BA
CA

Lesson 8.6

DE AD 

5.
FG
?

D

A

B

C

D

E

Determine whether the given information implies YZ  VW. If they
are parallel, state the reason.
11.

XY
XZ 

XV XW

12.

13. XYZ ~ XVW

X

XY
XZ 

YV ZW

Y

14. VYZ  WZY

Z

V

W

Use the figure to match the segment with its length.
A. 9

B.

C. 6

D.

A

1212
1712

15. GF

16. FC

17. ED

18. FE

6
G

4
B

5

6
F

C
4

E

D

Find the value of the variable.
19.

20.

Y

D

21.

N
a
X

3
W
a

X

6
4

6

E
8 F

Z

A

B
x

18

C
10
M 4
Y

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Geometry
Chapter 8 Resource Book

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Page 101

LESSON

NAME _________________________________________________________ DATE ___________

8.7

Practice A
For use with pages 506–513 

ABC is mapped onto ABC by a dilation at D. Complete the
statement.
1. ABC is (congruent, similar) to ABC.

DA 3 
, then ABC is (larger, smaller) than ABC, and the
DA
5
dilation is (a reduction, an enlargement).

2. If

DB 3 
, then ABC is (larger, smaller) than ABC, and the
DB
2
dilation is (a reduction, an enlargement).

3. If

Identify the dilation and find its scale factor.
4.

5.

P

6.

C

P

8

10
P

P

20

Lesson 8.7

P 15

5

7
C

P

C

The larger polygon is an enlargement of the smaller polygon. What is
the scale factor? Solve for the variables.
7.

8.

5
4

1
2

2

12

x

9.

x

1
5

y

1
2

20

y

y
2

4

z

x

z

3

8

Use the origin as the center of the dilation and the given scale factor
to find the coordinates of the vertices of the image of the polygon.
10. k  2

11. k 

y

M

1
2

y

G

N

H
1

2
1

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x

I
2

x

Geometry
Chapter 8 Resource Book

101