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FigurativeLanguageinFantasyNarratives

WritingLesson4thGrade
MelanieGaskins
Topic:
Todefineandusefigurativelanguagetoconveyexperiencesandfeelingsinourwritingmore
completely.
EssentialQuestion:
Howcanfigurativelanguagehelpourreadersunderstandournarrativesmore
completely?
Standards:
CCW.4.3d
Writenarrativestodeveloprealorimaginedexperiencesoreventsusingeffective
technique,descriptivedetails,andcleareventsequences.Useconcretewordsandphrases
andsensorydetailstoconveyexperiencesandeventsprecisely.
CCW.4.5
Withguidanceandsupportfrompeersandadults,developandstrengthenwriting
asneededbyplanning,revising,andediting.
CCL.4.5
Demonstrateunderstandingoffigurativelanguage,wordrelationships,andnuances
inwordmeanings.

LearningObjectivesandAssessments:
LearningObjectives
SWBATdefineandusemetaphors,similes,
personificationandhyperbole.

SWBATusefigurativelanguagetoconvey
charactersexperiencesandfeelingsintheir
fantasynarratives.

Assessments
Anecdotalnotesfrompair/groupshare

Teacherwilllistentostudentsresponsesduring
pair/groupshareandFlashcardgame.

Visualcheckofworksheet
Teacherwilllistentostudentsresponsesduring
closure.

Teacherwillmeetwithstudentsduring
independentworkondraft.

Materials

ActivboardFlipChart
FigurativeLanguageWorksheet
TheAmazingBone
byWilliamSteig
Bunnicula
byDeborahandJamesHowe
TheTeethby
DeniseRogers
HyperboleExample
https://youtu.be/z_ODYCs9CS4
http://www.timeforkids.com/homeworkhelper/studyhelper/figurativelanguage
45differentobjects

Prelessonassignmentsand/orpriorknowledge:
ThestudentshaverecentlyparticipatedinaFantasy
BookClubaspartofaliteratureunitandarecurrentlyreading
Bunniculaasaclass
.Theyhavealso
hadseverallessonsinnarrativeandinformationalarticlewriting.Thestudentshavehadexposureto
figurativelanguagebutmaynotbeabletodefineit.


FigurativeLanguageinFantasyNarratives
WritingLesson4thGrade
MelanieGaskins
LessonBeginning:
Thepaperpasserwillbeaskedtodistributethefigurativelanguageworksheet.
Asstudentsfinishtheirsnack,theywillbeaskedtoreadthedefinitionoffigurativelanguagelocated
ontheworksheet.Next,studentswillbeaskedtobringaclipboard,pencil,andtheworksheettothe
activboardandtositnexttotheirchitchatchairbuddy.
InstructionalPlan:
Timetable&Transitions
0:00:000:20:00
GroupDiscussion
Basedonwhatyouknowandwhatyoureadontheworksheet,whatisfigurative
language?
Whydoyouthinkgreatwritersusefigurativelanguage?
Studentswillturnandtalk
HowcanweuseittomakeourfantasynarrativesreadyforBarnesandNoble?
Theteacherwillusebooks,youtube,andtheactivboardflipcharttoprovidestudentswith
examplesoffourtypesoffigurativelanguage.Thestudentswillusetheexamplestodefine
thetypesoffigurativelanguage.Theteacherwilladdstudentsdefinitionstotheworksheet
ontheflipchartwhilestudentsfillindefinitionsontheirworksheets.
PersonificationStudentswillpairsharetodefinepersonificationandthengroup
share
TheAmazingBone
byWilliamSteig(previouslyread)
Bunnicula
byDeborahandJamesHowe(currentlyreading)
BeOurGuestfrom
BeautyandtheBeast
HyperboleStudentswillgroupshare
HyperboleinDisneyMovies
https://youtu.be/z_ODYCs9CS4
Bunnicula
page61
SimileStudentswillgroupshare.
TheTeeth
Thedragonflewasfastasthewind.
Bunnicula
Pg59
MetaphorStudentswillpairsharetodeterminethedifferencebetweenasimileand
ametaphorandthengroupshare.
"Myheadteacherisadragon."
"TheMayorglaredwitheyesofice."
0:20:000:40:00
TimeforKidsflashcardmaker
http://www.timeforkids.com/homeworkhelper/studyhelper/figurativelanguage
Teacherwillshowstudentsexamplesof4typesoffigurativelanguagelearnedusing
theflashcardmaker.Thiswillbepresentedasagame.
Teacherwilldisplay45differentobjects
Studentswillbeaskedtochoose2objects
Studentswilluseonetypeoffigurativelanguageperobjecttodescribetheobjectorconvey
anexperienceorfeelingregardingtheobject.


FigurativeLanguageinFantasyNarratives
WritingLesson4thGrade
MelanieGaskins
Studentswillbecalledontosharetheirexamplesoffigurativelanguage.

0:40:000:55:00
Drafts
Studentswillbereleasedtotheirdesksforindependentwork.
Studentswillbeaskedtoidentifyandnotateatleast2placeswherefigurative
languagewillenhancetheirfantasynarratives.

Differentiation:

Studentswillbeabletopairshareandgroupshareinordertogetideasandshareideasif
needed.
Teacherwillprovideseveraltypesofexamplesoffigurativelanguageusingbooks,quotesand
youtubetoprovidemultiplewaystoaccesstheinformation.
Teacherwillfillinanexactcopyofthestudentsworksheetusingtheactivboardtoinsure
thatallhaveanopportunitytoseeandwritedowntheinformation.
Theteacherwillcirculatetheroomforoneononeinstructionduringindependentwork.
Questions:

Basedonwhatyouknowandwhatyoureadontheworksheet,whatisfigurativelanguage?
Whydoyouthinkgreatwritersusefigurativelanguage?
HowcanweuseittomakeourfantasynarrativesreadyforBarnesandNoble?
Whatdotheseexampleshaveincommon?Howcanweusethatinformationtodefine
personification/hyperbole/simile/metaphor?
Similesandmetaphorsappeartobeverysimilar.Canyoutalkwithyourchitchatchairbuddy
todiscoverthedifference?
Howcanfigurativelanguagehelpyourfantasynarrative?
ClassroomManagement:

Theteacherwillusethechimeandorhandsignaltoquietstudentsifnecessary.
Studentswillbemadeawareoftheappropriatevoicevolumebeforebeginningeachactivity
andtransition.
Theteacherwillcirculatetheroomduringpairshare,groupshare,andindependentwork.
Earlyfinisherswillcontinuetodraft.

Closure:
Whowouldliketosharetheirdrafttoday?Whatisoneplaceyourethinkingofadding
figurativelanguage?Howwillthishelpyourreadersunderstandyourstoryinabetterway?
Whatdidwedoorlearntodayinclass?
Youworkedreallyhardtoday.Imprettysureyourbrainsgrewindiameteratleast1inch.


FigurativeLanguageinFantasyNarratives
WritingLesson4thGrade
MelanieGaskins

Samples of Student Writing

Personification
Big fat tears crawled out of my eyes and began to drip down my face.

Figurative Language Worksheet - Simile


FigurativeLanguageinFantasyNarratives
WritingLesson4thGrade
MelanieGaskins
The dinosaurs scales were as big as ginourmus forest trees.