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LESSON

3.1

## NAME _________________________________________________________ DATE ___________

Practice A
For use with pages 132137

## State the inverse operation.

1. Add 12.

2. Add 6.

3. Subtract 21.

4. Subtract 15.

5. Add 48.

6. Subtract 30.2.

Lesson 3.1

## Check whether the given number is a solution of the equation.

7. x  4  8; 12

8. x  9  5; 4

10. 18  x  7; 25

9. x  12  9; 3

11. 13  x  9; 4

12. 22  14  x; 8

13. x  8  12

14. x  2  14

15. x  3  6

16. x  6  15

17. x  17  20

18. 28  17  x

19. 1  x  4

20. x  8  7

21. 13  6  x

22. x  4  7

23. 1  5  x

24. 3  12  x

25. x  3  10

26. 10  6  x

27. 5  x  2

## Simplify first and then solve the equation.

 

28. x  6  4

29. 7  x  13

30. 12  9  x

31. 6  2  x  10

32. x  9  15  30  12

33. x  10  5

## In Exercises 3437, write and solve an equation to answer the question.

34. Altitude

An airplane was at a cruising altitude, then descended 3000 feet. If the airplane is at 21,000 feet now, what was the
cruising altitude?

35. Mountains

## Mt. Whitney is the highest point

in the contiguous United States at 14,494 feet.
This is 5826 feet less than Mt. McKinley in
Alaska. How high is Mt. McKinley?
5826 ft
14,494 ft

Cruising altitude
3000 ft

Mt. McKinley

36. Hiking

## You hiked 8.3 miles in Denali

National Park which is 3 miles farther than
you hiked yesterday. How far did you hike
yesterday?

14

Algebra 1
Chapter 3 Resource Book

Mt. Whitney

37. Gold

## You spent 28 days panning for gold.

This was 17 days less than last year. How
many days did you pan for gold last year?

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LESSON

## NAME _________________________________________________________ DATE ____________

3.2

Practice A
For use with pages 138144

## State the inverse operation.

1. Divide by 7.

2. Divide by 4.

4. Multiply by 6.

5. Divide by  .

3. Multiply by 3.

1
3

3
5

6. Multiply by  .

1
4

3
5

x
2

## Tell whether the equations are equivalent.

Lesson 3.2

10. 3x  24 and x  8
12.

## 11. 12x  3 and x  4

x
 30 and x  5
6

13.

2
x  8 and x  12
3

14. 4x  12

15. 5x  40

## 17. 3x  18

18. 5  x

19. 7  35x

21. 3  9x

22. x 

1
4

3
4

20. 6  x

1
2

23.  x  6

1
2

24.

x
5
4

25. 15 

x
1

3 6

27.

x
1
3

28.  x 

26.

2
3

x
2
4
9

In Exercises 29 and 30, write and solve an equation to answer the question.
29. Dimensions of a Banner

## You are working

on a banner for Fridays pep rally. The
length of the banner is 4 times the width.
The length is 12 feet. What is the width?

## In gym class you have to run

112 miles on the track. One lap is 14 mile. How
many laps do you need to run?
1
4

mile

w
12 ft

26

Algebra 1
Chapter 3 Resource Book

## Copyright McDougal Littell Inc.

All rights reserved.

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Page 40

LESSON

## NAME _________________________________________________________ DATE ___________

3.3

Practice A
For use with pages 145152

## Check whether the given number is a solution of the equation.

1. 5x  3  28; 5
4.

x
 6  12; 24
4

2. 6x  4  2; 1

3. 4x  3  16; 1

5. 7  2x  13; 3

6.

1
x  8  7; 4
4

## State the first step in solving the equation.

7. 5x  9  24

8. 3x  5  22

9. 42  6  9x

11. 33  3x  8x

12. 8  2x  10

13. 3x  8  32

14. 5x  4  21

15. 2x  3  11

16. 3x  1  8

17. 5x  20  5

18. 2x  5  2

10. 23x  4  29

## Solve the equation.

1
2

19. 4  x  3

20.

2
x  11  7
3

21.

2
2
x 0
3
3

Solve the equation by simplifying both sides and then using transformations to isolate the variable.
22. 2x  3x  5
25.

23. 10x  3x  20  1

1
x  6  1
3

2
3

28. 17  22x  9

1
3

24. 2x  4  2

26. 4  x  9  x

27. 14  24x  5

29. 5x  8x  18

30. 2x  5  3x  0

Lesson 3.3

## In Exercises 31 and 32, write and solve an equation to answer the

question.
31. Piano Keyboard

## The keyboard of a piano has seven full

octaves with 5 black keys in each octave and one extra black
key. There are a total of 88 black and white keys on a piano.
How many white keys are on a piano?
Part of a keyboard

## 32. Band Fundraiser

Your school band needs to buy new percussion equipment. The equipment will cost \$2000. You have collected \$800 in previous
fundraisers. If you sell sandwiches at \$4 each, how many sandwiches will
you need to sell to raise the remaining funds?
Cost per
sandwich

40

Number of
Money
Cost of
sandwiches sold  already raised  equipment

Algebra 1
Chapter 3 Resource Book

## Copyright McDougal Littell Inc.

All rights reserved.

3-20-2001

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Page 55

LESSON

## NAME _________________________________________________________ DATE ___________

3.4

Practice A
For use with pages 154159

## Describe each step used in solving the equation.

1. 9x  4  7x  8

2. 4x  9  2x  3

3. 42x  9  4

A. 2x  4  8

A. 4x  6  2x

A.

8x  36  4

B.

2x  12

B.

6  6x

B.

8x  40

C.

x6

C.

1x

C.

x5

4. 2x  x  9

5. 4x  6  3x

6. 2x  3x  8

7. 7x  5x  24

8. 7x  5  6x

9. 12x  9x  15

10. 2x  5  3x

## 11. 2x  4x  20

12. 7x  20  3x

13. 7x  4x  9

14. 8x  70  2x

15. 8x  3  8x

16. 3x  1  3x  3

17. 2x  3  4x  5

18. 3x  4  4x  10

19. 8x  3  19  5x

20.

1
2
x7 x
3
3

21.

1
1
x3
x
4
4

## In Exercises 2224, write and solve an equation to answer the question.

22. Dimensions of a Circular Flower Garden

## On one side of a scale

there are 6 blocks, 3 weighing 2 grams each
and 3 weighing x grams each. The scale is
balanced if 5 blocks weighing x grams each
are placed on the other side of the scale.
How much does each of the unknown blocks
weigh?

6 ft

## A flower garden has the shape pictured

below. The diameter of the outer circle is
twice the diameter of the inner circle. The
lengths of the walkways are each 6 feet long.
What is the diameter of the inner circle?

## 23. Balanced Scale

6 ft

6 ft

2x
x
x
x

x
x

2
2
2

x
x
x

6 ft

119100_050-77.qxd

24. Distance-Rate-Time

Rate of
car 1

Time for
Rate of
 car 2
car 1

## Copyright McDougal Littell Inc.

All rights reserved.

Lesson 3.4

Two cars travel the same distance. The first car travels
at a rate of 40 miles per hour and reaches its destination in t hours. The second car travels at a rate of 55 miles per hour and reaches its destination
3 hours earlier than the first car. How long does it take for the first car to
reach its destination?
Time for
car 2

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Chapter 3 Resource Book

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LESSON

## NAME _________________________________________________________ DATE ___________

3.6

Practice A
For use with pages 166172

## Perform any indicated operation. Round the result to the nearest

tenth and then to the nearest hundredth.
1. 42.8451

2. 3.0624

3. 1.0847  62.5583

4. 24.0321  21.8217

5. 23.9814.598

6. 15.953  3.476

7. 3x  18  26

8. 7x  1  8

Lesson 3.6

Solve the equation. Round the result to the nearest hundredth. Check
the rounded solution.
9. 2  4x  13

10. 17  18  6x

11. 8x  3  24

12. 39  3x  2

13. 5x  21  80

## Solve the equation. Round the result to the nearest hundredth.

16. 2.3x  4.8  9.3

## A rope which is 10.3 centimeters

long is cut into 4 pieces of equal length. What is the
length of each piece?

10.3 cm

## You are saving money for the purchase of a new bike.

You have saved \$78.23. The bike costs \$152.95. How much more money
do you need?
Money
Money
Price
saved  needed  of bike

## The winner of the track meet had an average speed of 5 meters

per second. The second place runner had an average speed of 4.5 meters per
second. If the winner finished 2.2 seconds ahead of the second place runner,
how long did it take the winner to cross the finish line?
Rate of
winner

Time of
Rate of 2nd
winner (t)  place runner

## Copyright McDougal Littell Inc.

All rights reserved.

## Time of 2nd place

runner t  2.2

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Chapter 3 Resource Book

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LESSON

3.7

## NAME _________________________________________________________ DATE ___________

Practice A
For use with pages 174179

## Solve for the indicated variable.

1. Area of a Rectangle

2. Circumference of a Circle

Solve for r: C  2 r

Solve for w: A  lw
3. Perimeter of a Square

4. Distance-Rate-Time

Solve for s: P  4s

Solve for r: d  rt

5. Ohms Law

## 6. Volume of a Circular Cone

Solve for R: E  IR

1
Solve for h: V   r 2h
3

## Rewrite the equation so that y is a function of x.

7. 3x  y  8

8. y  2x  15

9. y  7x  4

10. 6x  3y  12

11. x  y  12

12. 4y  8  12x

13. 2  y  8x

14.

## 16. 2x  5y  7  12

17. 4x  2y  8x  5

1
y  7  3x
2

15. 2x  3y  6  9
Lesson 3.7

18. 2 y  5  4x

## Rewrite the equation so that x is a function of y. Then use the

result to find x when y  2, 1, 0, and 1.
19. x  y  4

20. x  2y  3

Airplane Travel

## In Exercises 22 and 23,

use the formula d  rt, where d is the
distance traveled at a rate of r for time t.
22. Solve the equation for t.
23. Determine how long it will take an airplane

## to travel 2000 miles if it flies 200 miles per

hour, 400 miles per hour, and 600 miles per
hour.

21. 2x  4y  6  0

Savings Account

## In Exercises 24 and 25,

use the formula I  Prt, where I is the
simple interest on an investment of P
dollars at an interest rate r for t years.
24. Solve the equation for r.
25. Find the interest rate r for an investment of

year.

Discounts

## In Exercises 26 and 27, use the relationship among the

sale price S, the list price L, and the discount rate r.
26. Solve for r in the formula S  L  rL.
27. Use the new formula to find the discount rate as a decimal and as a

percent.
a. Sale price: \$40
List price: \$50

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## List price: \$120

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