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Version 2.

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Specification for Welding of Duplex Stainless Steel Piping

Contents
1. Introduction ......................................................................................................................... 1
1.1 Purpose............................................................................................................................. 1
1.2 Changes to the Specification............................................................................................ 1
1.3 Effective Period ............................................................................................................... 1
1.4 Review and Improvement ................................................................................................ 1
1.5 Process Owner's Responsibility ....................................................................................... 1
2. Specification for Welding Duplex Stainless Steel.............................................................. 2
2.1 Specification Requirements ............................................................................................. 2
2.2 Process Deliverables ........................................................................................................ 2
2.3 Performance Levels / Indicators ...................................................................................... 2
2.4 Performance Monitoring .................................................................................................. 2
Appendix A Glossary of Definitions, Terms and Abbreviations.......................................... 3
Appendix B Amendments/Supplements to ASME B31.3 ..................................................... 6
Chapter V Fabrication, Assembly and Erection ................................................................... 6
328 Welding ........................................................................................................................... 6
328.2
Welding Qualifications ......................................................................................... 6
328.2.1 Qualification Requirements............................................................................. 6
328.2.1.1
General................................................................................................. 6
328.2.1.2
Welding Procedure Specification ........................................................ 6
328.2.1.3
Essential Variables............................................................................... 7
328.2.1.4
Test Welding........................................................................................ 8
328.2.1.5
Examination of the Test Weld ........................................................... 10
328.2.1.6
Destructive Testing of the Test Weld ................................................ 10
328.2.1.7
Retests................................................................................................ 13
328.2.1.8
Approval of the WPS......................................................................... 13
328.2.1.9
Performance Qualification ................................................................. 13
328.2.2 Procedure Qualification by Others................................................................ 14
328.2.3 Performance Qualification by Others............................................................ 14
328.2.4 Qualification Records.................................................................................... 14
328.3
Welding Materials .............................................................................................. 15
328.3.1 Filller Metal................................................................................................... 15
328.3.1.1
Storage and Handling of Filler Metals and Fluxes ............................ 15
328.3.1.2
Shielding Gases.................................................................................. 16
328.3.2 Weld Backing Material ................................................................................. 16
328.3.3 Consumable Inserts ....................................................................................... 16
328.4
Preparation for Welding ..................................................................................... 16
328.4.1 Cleaning ........................................................................................................ 16
328.4.2 End Preparation............................................................................................. 16
328.4.3 Alignment...................................................................................................... 17
328.5
Welding Requirements ....................................................................................... 18
328.5.1 General .......................................................................................................... 18
328.5.2 Fillet and Socket Welds ................................................................................ 20
328.5.4 Welded Branch Connections......................................................................... 21
328.6
Weld Repair ........................................................................................................ 21
328.6.1 General .......................................................................................................... 21
328.6.2 Welding of Test Repair Welds...................................................................... 22
328.6.3 Testing of Repair Welds ............................................................................... 22
330 Preheating..................................................................................................................... 22
330.1
General................................................................................................................ 22

December 2004

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SP-1096

Specification for Welding of Duplex Stainless Steel Piping

Version 2.0

330.1.1 Requirements and Recommendations............................................................22
330.1.4 Preheat Zone..................................................................................................22
Specific Requirements ........................................................................................23
330.2
330.2.4 Interrupted Welding ......................................................................................23
331

Heat Treatment ............................................................................................................23

332 Bending and Forming ..................................................................................................23
General ................................................................................................................23
332.1
333

Brazing and Soldering..................................................................................................23

336 Handling and Storage ..................................................................................................23
336.1
General ................................................................................................................23
336.2
Storage ................................................................................................................24
336.3
Pipe Handling......................................................................................................24
Chapter VI Inspection, Examination and Testing...............................................................25
340 Inspection .......................................................................... Error! Bookmark not defined.
Qualifications of the Owner’s Inspector ............. Error! Bookmark not defined.
340.4
341 Examination..................................................................................................................25
341.2
Responsibility for Examination...........................................................................25
341.3
Examination Requirements .................................................................................25
341.3.1 General ..........................................................................................................25
341.3.2 Acceptance Criteria .......................................................................................25
341.4
Extent of Required Examination .........................................................................25
341.4.1 Examination Normally Required...................................................................25
342 Examination Personnel ................................................................................................26
Personnel Qualification and Certification ...........................................................26
342.1
343

Examination Procedures..............................................................................................26

344 Types of Examination ..................................................................................................27
Visual Examination.............................................................................................27
344.2
344.2.2 Method...........................................................................................................27
344.3
Magnetic Particle Examination ...........................................................................27
344.4
Liquid Penetrant Examination.............................................................................27
Radiographic Examination..................................................................................27
344.5
344.5.3 Method...........................................................................................................27
Ultrasonic Examination.......................................................................................28
344.6
345 Testing ...........................................................................................................................28
Required Leak Test .............................................................................................28
345.1
346 Records..........................................................................................................................28
Documentation ....................................................................................................28
346.1

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Specification for Welding of Duplex Stainless Steel Piping

Certificate of Conformity ............................................................................................ 29

Table 1 Extent of Non-Destructive Testing for Welds ........................................................ 30
Figure 1

Hardness Indent Locations .............................................................................. 32

Figure 2

Orientation and Location of Charpy Impact Specimens .............................. 33

Appendix C References.......................................................................................................... 34
Appendix D Determination of the Volume Fraction of Ferrite in Duplex Stainless Steel by
Systematic Point Count ..................................................................................................... 36
Appendix E Certificate of Compliance................................................................................. 40
User Comment Form .............................................................................................................. 41

iv

Specification for Welding of Duplex Stainless Steel Piping

1.

Introduction

1.1

Purpose

Version 2.0

This specification is a revision of SP-1096 version 1.0, Specification for Welding of Duplex
Stainless Steel Piping, issued in July 1999. The purpose of this document is to define the
minimum technical requirements for the welding of duplex stainless steel (DSS) pipework.
This specification is intended to be used where the applicable code has been designated by
the Company as ASME B31.3, 2002. Chemical Plant and Petroleum Company Piping,
(normally on-plot locations).
This document is not applicable to the welding of DSS pipelines, where the applicable code
has been designated as ASME B31.4 or ASME B31.8 (off-plot locations) or to the
manufacture of welded DSS pipe

1.2

Changes to the Specification
This Specification shall not be changed without approval from the Custodian, the Material
and Corrosion Functional Discipline Head (CFDH) who owns this Specification. If you
think the Specification is not correct, write your comments on a copy of the User Comments
Form. The form is included as the last page of this Specification. Send the copy with your
comments and personal details to DCS.

1.3

Effective Period
The requirements of this specification shall remain in force indefinitely unless superseded by
an authorised revision.

1.4

Review and Improvement
This specification will be reviewed and updated once every three years. The review authority
will be CFDH Materials and Corrosion.

1.5

Process Owner's Responsibility
The owner of this specification is CFDH Materials and Corrosion, is responsible for
authorising all proposed deviations or amendments to the specification and for the instigation
of periodic reviews and updates in accordance with Clauses 1.2 and 1.4.

Page 1

Specification for Welding of Duplex Stainless Steel Piping Specification for Welding Duplex Stainless Steel This specification gives the minimum requirements for the welding.2 Process Deliverables Process deliverables comprise shop or field welded duplex stainless steel pipework and related welded fabrications designed to ASME B31.3. The specification is restricted to piping for service in non-sour environments where the applicable Code for pressure piping is designated by the Company as ASME B31.3.3 weld inspection and testing acceptance criteria and the amendments given in Appendix B of this specification. Where clauses of ASME B31. 2. fabrication and inspection shall be in accordance with the requirements of ASME B31. 2. 2.3 Performance Levels / Indicators See relevant ASME B31. 2002 Edition.3 are not amended or supplemented by Appendix B. December 2004 Page 2 SP-1096 . The Clause numbering in Appendix B follows that of ASME B31. fabrication and inspection of duplex stainless steel on-plot pipework. The amendments and supplements given in Appendix B are considered necessary to ensure integrity of the fabricated pipework in accordance with PDO and Shell Group requirements.1 Specification Requirements Welding. Chemical Plant and Petroleum Refinery Piping. as amended and supplemented by Appendix B of this specification. 2. welder performance and weld quality are detailed in relevant sections of ASME B31.4 Performance Monitoring Requirements for monitoring welding process variables. including 22Cr and 25Cr duplex/superduplex grades.3/ASME IX as amended by Appendix B of this specification.3 and normally intended for on-plot oil. The scope is intended to cover all commercially available compositions (MESC).3. The use of duplex stainless materials in environments containing H2S shall be subject to approval by the Company.Version 2. gas or water service. they shall apply in their entirety.0 2.

butt joint. Owner December 2004 Term used in ASME B31. Terms and Abbreviations Certain terms and abbreviations used in this document are defined below. thickness of branch pipe . procurement.0 Appendix A Glossary of Definitions. or operation or maintenance of a facility. may Indicates a possible course of action.01. The Company may also include an agent or consultant authorised to act for. The Company may undertake all or part of the duties of the Contractor.fillet weld. Consultant or Contractor who uses this document. .1) As defined in AWS A5.set-through branch connection. . A deviation to a recommendation shall be approved by the welding (TA-2). The listed definitions shall be considered to supplement those given in ASME B31. construction. commissioning or management of a project. the Company. should Indicates a recommendation. which for joints between dissimilar thicknesses is that of the thicker material.3. thickness of main pipe. Corporate Functional Discipline Head The person within the Company responsible for the discipline to which the standard belongs. Specific Definitions Batch or Lot (see App.set-on branch connection. B.3. Page 3 SP-1096 .3 that shall be understood to mean the Company. Any deviation to a requirement shall be approved by the CFDH. which for joints between dissimilar thicknesses is that of the thinner material. parent metal thickness. The party which manufactures or supplies equipment and services to perform the duties specified by the Contractor. Clause 5 (Classification) and Clause 6 (Testing) Duplex Stainless Steel A chromium-nickel-molybdenum stainless steel containing a balance of austenite and ferrite stabilising alloying elements such that the microstructure at room temperature consists of approximately equal proportions of austenite and ferrite. Nominal Thickness Nominal thickness t shall have the following meanings: . shall Indicates a requirement. The Company will generally specify the technical requirements. parent metal thickness. User The Company. and on behalf of. 328. Company Petroleum Developmant Oman LLC.Specification for Welding of Duplex Stainless Steel Piping Version 2. General Definitions Contractor Manufacturer/ Supplier The party which carries out all or part of the design. engineering.

The Welding co-ordinator shall be a Welding Engineer meeting the recommendations for European Welding Engineer (refer ISO 14731).0 Specification for Welding of Duplex Stainless Steel Piping Verified copy Welding Co-ordinator A photocopy of an original document which has been reendorsed and signed by the organisation producing the photocopy to verify that none of the information has been adulterated. Abbreviations a Throat Thickness of Fillet Weld ASNT American Society for Non-destructive Testing CFDH Corporate Functional Discipline Head AWS American Welding Society CSWIP Certification Scheme for Welding Inspection Personnel D Nominal Outside Diameter DSS Duplex Stainless Steel DNV Det Norske Veritas GTAW Gas Tungsten Arc Welding IQI Image Quality Indicator HAZ Heat Affected Zone HV Vickers Hardness NDE Non-destructive Examination PAMS Portable arc monitoring system PQR Procedure Qualification Record PRE Pitting Resistance Equivalent PT Penetrant Testing PWHT Post Weld Heat Treatment RT Radiographic Testing SAW Submerged Arc Welding SMAW Shielded Metal Arc Welding December 2004 Page 4 SP-1096 . However. other national/ international qualifications may be considered at the discretion of the Company. The Welding Co-ordinator shall be approved by the Company TA-2 (Welding).Version 2. The Contractor nominated authority on the quality aspects of welding.

Specification for Welding of Duplex Stainless Steel Piping Version 2. TWI The Welding Institute WPS Welding Procedure Specification WFS Wire Feed Speed December 2004 Page 5 SP-1096 . as defined in ERD-00-02 and PDO GU-272.0 T Nominal Thickness TA Technical Authority.

The work shall be undertaken only by Contractors that have been approved by the Company specifically for the on-plot welding of duplex stainless steel.2. 328. shown as QW-482 in Appendix A of ASME IX. The Company will keep original PQR copies.2. and shall contain the following applicable parameters. The welding Contractor shall maintain and operate a quality system that shall be in accordance with ISO 9001:2000. The WPS proposals shall be endorsed by the Contractor's Welding Engineer.3 Chapter V Fabrication. December 2004 Page 6 SP-1096 . The qualification of dissimilar welds.0 Specification for Welding of Duplex Stainless Steel Piping Appendix B Amendments/Supplements to ASME B31. and SP-1171. welding procedure qualification shall be undertaken prior to the commencement of production welding.3 and this specification. Approval of Contractors shall be based on Company document GU-225.1 Qualification Requirements Delete entire section and replace as follows: 328.2 Welding Procedure Specification The format of the WPS shall be equivalent to form E00006.Version 2. Note: Any welding procedure qualified to meet project specific requirements for which the Company has paid/reimbursed the cost of qualification shall be owned by the Company. This shall list and identify all WPS/PQRs intended to be used for the contract. materials and qualified dimensional ranges. shall be in general accordance with this specification.1. except that welding consumables and specific test requirements will be agreed by the Company Welding TA .3 and the amendments and additions of this specification. A Welding Procedure Register shall accompany the package. Assembly and Erection 328 Welding Delete introductory paragraph and replace as follows: Welding shall be performed in accordance with the requirements of ASME B31.2 Welding Qualifications 328.2 (or higher) for each application. including explanatory details where necessary. The Contractor shall submit WPS proposals to the Company for review and approval a minimum of two weeks prior to undertaking qualification welding. • Material specification of base metals. 328. (Work Category CE6421). All welding and related activities shall satisfy the requirements of ISO 3834-2.1 General Where the Contractor is unable to provide satisfactory records to demonstrate the suitability of the proposed welding procedure specification and compliance with ASME B31. between duplex stainless steel and other material groups. A quality system based on alternative standards to of ISO 9001 may be considered for agreement by the Company. detailing as a tabulated summary welding processes.2. It is recommended to follow the guidelines given in PD CR 13576.1.

(c) Thickness For t > 5mm.75a to 1. Geometry of the welding groove showing allowable tolerances. Root gap showing allowable tolerances.0 Welding process and whether manual or automatic.2.a change outside the range t to 1.. indicating stringer or weave beads. For automatic welding the weave amplitude. Filler metal classification and coating type. in addition to material thickness. For super-duplex grades any change in manufacturer or product form shall be considered an essential variable. weave frequency and dwell time shall also be included. Number and sequence of all passes. Where applicable. Welding position and direction. electrode stick-out and WFS range. December 2004 Page 7 SP-1096 . Welding current range. 0. (a) Welding process A change to another welding process or a change from manual to automatic operation or vice versa. If pulse welding is used.5t.75t to 1. voltage range and polarity. Method of clamping/tacking. A change in the PREN exceeding –1.1.2.Specification for Welding of Duplex Stainless Steel Piping • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • Version 2. a change in throat thickness outside the range 0. 0. a change in thickness at the joint outside the range 0. including details of removal Test welding shall not commence until the WPS proposal has been stamped 'Approved for Qualification' with the date and the contract number. (see 328.5 or +2.1. A procedure qualified by welding together products from different manufacturers or different product forms shall qualify both the combination and welds between each product. and signed by a Company welding TA-2. Wall thickness and diameter range for which the procedure is valid.5a. (b) Base materials Any change in UNS number.5. (See Appendix A of this specification for definitions of t).5t.3 (c) and (d)). Tungsten electrode type and specification. For a fillet weld. Travel speed range for each pass. Gas backing flow and composition Number of weld passes for which gas backing is required. but not < 5mm. Heat input range. (d) Diameter (D) Change in pipe or branch diameter outside the following ranges: D <323mm. the background current and range of pulse parameters or unique program reference to be included. the welding procedure shall be set up as a new WPS and shall be completely re-qualified. Gas shielding flow and composition.3 Essential Variables When changes in any of the parameters listed below are made beyond the indicated limits. For t < 5mm.5D to maximum to be welded. Preheat and interpass temperatures.5D to 2D D ≥ 323mm. 328. Filler metal specification and diameter. Specification of flux. Methods of joint preparation interpass cleaning and weld finishing.

subject to the approval of the Company Welding TA-2.2. a change to a different trade name may be accepted without requalification subject to the approval of the Company Welding TA-2. amps and wire feed speed determined from the PQR. Any change in nominal composition of shielding or backing gas. Changes in individual parameters and of welding speed. Any increase in maximum oxygen content of effluent backing gas. except that. except that for solid filler wire. Any change in electrode or filler wire diameter.4 Test Welding Sufficient test welds shall be made to extract all the destructive test specimens required for qualification testing. including the addition or deletion of pulsating current. (p) Post-weld heat treatment The inclusion or deletion of PWHT or any change in PWHT parameters. shall be controlled such that heat input is maintained within the permitted range of clause (n). Any decrease in the number of passes before cessation of backing gas. (m) Speed of travel Any change greater than ±15%. Test welding shall be witnessed by the Company Welding TA-3.Version 2. A change of electrode polarity or current type. 328. The Contractor shall give the Company a minimum of 48 hours notice of the intention to proceed with test welding.1. (h) Filler metal/electrode Any change in electrode/filler metal classification or trade name. classification or trade name. (j) Shielding or backing gas A change in nominal flow rate of more than ±20%. Any change. (g) Welding progression A change from uphill to downhill or vice versa. (o) Preheat or interpass temperature An increase of more than 50°C in the specified minimum preheat temperatures or any increase in maximum interpass temperature. qualification of a joint in the fixed 45° inclined (6G) position shall qualify for all positions. (i) Flux Any change in size.0 Specification for Welding of Duplex Stainless Steel Piping (e) Joint design (f) Welding position Any change in joint configuration outside the specified tolerance. (clause (m)). December 2004 Page 8 SP-1096 . (l) Electrical characteristics A change of more than ±15% in the individual values for volts. (k) Number and sequence of passes Any change in the sequence of filling or capping passes beyond that required to accommodate the qualified range of joint dimensions. (n) Heat input Any change in average welding heat input per pass outside the range ±10% of that qualified.

welding should commence as soon as the maximum specified back purge oxygen level is reached. Set-up details shall be recorded in the test welding record.0 The Contractor shall have a minimum of one Company-approved calibrated portable arc monitoring system with hard copy facility available at the test site to record welding parameters.1). dated. The test weld shall simulate as closely as possible the actual production environment and welding set-up used. traceable to the items to be welded. Pass sequence shall be shown in the sketch on the ASME form. including as applicable. NDE shall be performed only by Company registered NDE subcontractors in accordance with SP-1176. shown as QW-483 in Appendix A of ASME IX. In order that root oxidation can be assessed under ‘worst case’ conditions. All test welding shall be witnessed by a Company representative having a Welding Technical Authority level 3 or higher. The Approved for Qualification WPS. Test welding shall not commence until the Company has reviewed and accepted the documentation. clamping. The following information shall be recorded for each pass of the test weld and shall form part of the PQR: • • • • • • • • • • • • • • Pass number Welding process Consumable diameter Consumable trade name and classification (including flux for SAW) Electrode polarity Gas composition Gas flow rate Arc voltage Current Wire feed speed Travel speed Preheat temperature Interpass temperature Pass sequence The test weld information shall be recorded on welding parameter sheets which shall be attached to the completed form E00007. (see 328. traceable to the welding consumables. December 2004 Page 9 SP-1096 . Batch certificates or verified copies. The Contractor’s Welding Coordinator who is approved by the Company shall supervise the entire welding procedure qualification process. endorsed ‘Approved for Qualification’ Material certificates or verified copies. The longest length of internal purge tubing expected to be required for use with the procedure should be included in the test set-up to confirm that the required purging conditions can always be attained and monitored without affecting weld quality. Prior to the commencement of test welding. and endorsed by the Contractor's welding examiner (Welding Inspector) and the Company welding TA-3 present at the time of test welding.Specification for Welding of Duplex Stainless Steel Piping Version 2. The welding records of the test welding shall be signed. Approved consumable handling procedure. support and back purging arrangements.3. The Contractor shall be responsible for examination and shall have a Company approved welding examiner (Welding Inspector) present throughout test welding and NDE of the welds. No test welding is permissible without recording the welding parameters using a calibrated portable arc monitor. original or verified copies of the test coupon material and consumable batch test certificates and the original PAMS unit printout shall be included as part of the PQR. the Contractor shall have available at the test site the following documents for verification by the Company: • • • • Original copy of the WPS proposal.

10. The degree of oxidation present on these surfaces following welding shall be within the visual acceptance criteria of DEP 30.2. The acceptance criteria shall be as detailed in chapter VI of ASME B31. defects etc. Metallographic examination of representative sections shall also be performed to confirm the microstructure of the weld/HAZ and the absence of deleterious phases.1. Any weld that fails to meet the acceptance criteria shall not be offered for destructive testing. 328. The NDE shall consist of the following: • • • Visual examination Liquid penetrant testing Radiographic testing NDE on all test welds shall be performed with the weld at ambient temperature using equipment and Company-approved procedures that will be employed for production.0 Specification for Welding of Duplex Stainless Steel Piping If post weld heat treatment is required. the Contractor. four macro-sections shall be taken at 90° intervals through the centre of the joint.3 and the corresponding sections of this specification. and the Company Welding TA-3 present during heat treatment.31-GEN.Version 2. the macro specimens shall be taken from the specified positions such that each welder's portion is sampled. NDE of a test weld may serve as a qualification test for the NDE procedures.2. This agency shall certify that all tests are made in accordance with the controlling specifications. The prepared surfaces shall be etched using a suitable etchant to reveal the pass sequence. The acceptance criteria shall be as stated in Chapter VI of ASME B31. the Company Welding TA-3 shall sign and endorse the radiographic report and it shall be incorporated into the PQR. the heat treatment sub-contractor (if applicable). Observations shall be included with the macroscopic examination report Macro-examination shall be carried out at a minimum magnification of x5. a heat treatment record chart shall be produced and shall be endorsed by the Contractor.3 and shall include December 2004 Page 10 SP-1096 . 328. The test reports shall be included in the PQR. After viewing. The chart shall be included in the PQR.1.6 Destructive Testing of the Test Weld Testing for procedure qualification shall be performed in accordance with ASME IX and the additional requirements in Paragraphs (a) to (f). Visual examination of all butt welds shall include the pipe bore surfaces. following. and the third party inspector who witnessed the testing. The Contractor shall appoint a Company-approved agency to witness the destructive testing. (a) Macro-examination Two macro-sections shall be taken from a butt weld in pipe at the 12-1 o'clock and the 6-7 o'clock positions.5 Examination of the Test Weld NDE shall be witnessed by a Company Welding TA-3 (or higher) or by a Third Party Inspector nominated by the Company.60. All test reports shall be endorsed and signed by the testing organisation. For branch welds. Specimens shall be prepared for macroscopic examination by grinding or other suitable method to a 600 grit paper finish. HAZ. Where two welders have made the joint. The Company shall have the option to witness the destructive testing or to appoint an agency to act on its behalf. The radiographic report shall be signed by the technician and the Contractor's welding examiner prior to presenting the radiographs to the Company Welding TA-3 with interpretation qualification for viewing. in line with the longitudinal or transverse axis of the run pipe.

or for magnetic techniques.2.1. the mid-thickness traverse may be omitted. One set of three specimens shall be taken at each of the following positions: • root weld centre line • root fusion line (50% intersection of notch) • root fusion line + 2 millimetres When the wall thickness exceeds 20 millimetres.1(f) of ASME IX. 328. as close to the surface as is practicable.1.6(b). (c) Ferrite measurement The ferrite content shall be determined by microscopic point counting in accordance with ASTM E562 and Appendix D of this specification. In the event that borderline unacceptable or otherwise doubtful results are obtained using magnetic measurement.65% in the weld/HAZ regions. Additional checks shall be made in the centre of the unaffected base material on each side of the weld.0 measurements for height of reinforcement and internal protrusion. a magnetic measurement technique using an instrument calibrated to AWS 4.8 mm.6(c). Following the hardness measurements detailed below in paragraph 328. Ferrite content determined by microscopic point counting shall be in the range 40 .2 may be used. If the results of these repeat tests are satisfactory. macrophotographs shall be produced for inclusion in the PQR. The maximum hardness values from each traverse shall not exceed 325 HV10.60% for the parent material and 35 . an additional set of three specimens shall be taken at each of the following positions: • cap weld centre line • cap fusion line (50% intersection of notch) • cap fusion line + 2 millimetres These requirements are summarised in Figure 2 of this specification. For DSS. The sections of the weld taken for macroscopic examination and hardness testing shall also be used for the ferrite measurements required in the following clause. the hardness indentations shall be as shown in Figure 1 of this specification and shall be clearly visible in the macrophotographs. The ferrite range for magnetic measurements shall be between 30 – 70 FN. (d) Charpy V-notch impact tests Each procedure qualification shall include impact testing unless the nominal pipe wall thickness is less than 4. a check point-counting determination may be made if agreed by the Company Welding TA-2. the ferrite content shall be considered to be acceptable. December 2004 Page 11 SP-1096 . Ferrite determinations shall be made in the weld metal and both HAZ areas at a depth of 1mm from the inside and from the outside surfaces. (b) Hardness survey For pipe.2. shall be measured in accordance with ASTM E92 using a 10 Kg load. For pipe of t less than 10 millimetres.Specification for Welding of Duplex Stainless Steel Piping Version 2. One indent of each HAZ set of three shall be as close to the fusion line as possible but shall not intercept it. The hardness. a hardness survey shall be performed on each macrosection. The sampling area of the weld shall be as shown in Figure QW-463. For pipe butt welds.

only one of the individual values may be below the minimum average energy requirement with an absolute minimum as defined by the minimum individual acceptance criterion. The edges of the specimen shall be rounded to minimise edge effects and the sides ground to 600 grit finish. the test shall be conducted for a period of 24 hours at a temperature of 22°C ± 2°C. December 2004 Page 12 SP-1096 . Section 5. weighed to three decimal places and the weight recorded. The elements required for calculation of the PRE (see Section 328. The acceptance criteria are detailed in the Table below. The weld seam shall be located centrally and parallel to one axis. The specimen shall be examined at a magnification of x20. dried. The specimen shall be degreased. (f) Chemical analysis Chemical analysis shall be conducted of the root run weld metal.3.0 Specification for Welding of Duplex Stainless Steel Piping Specimens shall be 10 x 10 millimetres full size wherever possible. mm 10 x 10 10 x 7. Specimen size. A coupon specimen of dimensions 5 cm x 5 cm x full wall thickness shall be prepared to the requirements of ASTM G48. The test temperature shall remain the same for all specimen thicknesses. No flattening of the coupon material shall be carried out. For other standard specimen dimensions. the largest obtainable standard sub-size specimens shall be extracted. Method A.1) shall be determined. Other surfaces shall be in the "as-finished" condition. All samples shall be made available for inspection by the Company. The PRE value shall exceed the minimum specified for the base material to be welded. Weight loss shall be expressed as total weight loss and weight loss per unit area. Where these dimensions are not possible. The weld metal sample shall be taken from an adjacent or equivalent location to that shown for the impact test specimens in Figure A. Joules Minimum Average 40 30 10 x 5 Minimum Single 30 23 20 15 (e) Corrosion testing A pitting corrosion resistance test shall be conducted in accordance with ASTM G48. whichever is the lower. cleaned. the acceptance criteria shall be applied pro rata. The latter shall not exceed 8g/m2. using the total immersion ferric chloride test. For the higher alloyed 25Cr duplex/superduplex grades the test temperature shall be 35-37ºC unless otherwise specified On completion of the test period the specimen shall be rinsed.5 Charpy Energy. For each set of three specimens. No pitting shall be visible.Version 2. dried and reweighed using the procedures specified in ASTM G48A. Unless otherwise directed. The specimen shall be held in the solution at an angle of 45°. Testing in accordance with ASTM A370 and this specification shall be conducted at minus 20°C or at the minimum design temperature. with inside surface uppermost.

a new WPS proposal shall be established and qualification welding and testing repeated. 328.2. Production welding shall not commence until the WPS has been endorsed 'Approved for Fabrication' with the date and the contract number. (c) A major change in joint configuration. ‘U’ to ‘V’ preparation (d) A change in welding progression from uphill to downhill or vice versa.5D to 2 D. All three individual retest values shall equal or exceed the specified minimum average value. two additional test specimens shall be extracted and tested. If all of the further tests are below the maximum specified hardness the test shall be accepted. if any one mechanical test specimen fails to meet the minimum requirements. the following essential variables shall be applied for welder qualification: (a) A change in joint thickness to more than twice the thickness of the test joint.1. a retest of three further specimens shall be made.8 Approval of the WPS Subsequent to successful non-destructive and destructive testing. For Super DSS any change which necessitates requalification of the WPS shall also require requalification of the welder.2. Retesting of any corrosion specimen which fails to meet the pitting and/or weight loss acceptance criteria in the ASTM G48A corrosion test shall be permitted only if failure can be reasonably attributed to test conditions or sample preparation. (e) For manual welding electrodes. Should one or both of the retests fail then the procedure shall be rejected immediately. Where retesting is agreed by the Company. a change from one coating type to another (f) Any change in the nominal composition of the shielding gas. if the specified minimum average value has been achieved and more than one specimen is below the specified average value.Specification for Welding of Duplex Stainless Steel Piping 328.9 Performance Qualification Welders and welding operators shall be qualified in accordance with the requirements of ASME IX and of this specification. December 2004 Page 13 SP-1096 . For hardness tests. 328.g. If the test joint fails to meet the minimum requirements. if only one hardness result exceeds the specified maximum then a minimum of three further indentations shall be made in close proximity to that which failed such that they do not mutually interfere.1. the testing subcontractor. where D is the test pipe diameter.7 Version 2. a revised welding procedure register for review and approval by a Company Welding TA level 2 or higher.1. If both of the retests are acceptable that particular test shall be deemed as acceptable. The Contractor shall also submit a copy of the WPS to be used for production welding and. For DSS. if necessary. and signed by a Company welding Technical Authority level 2. Only those WPSs shown on the approved WPS register shall be used in production. The Contractor shall notify the Company of the test failure and obtain written Company approval to proceed with retests For Charpy tests. (b) A change in pipe or branch diameter outside the range 0. Both of the additional specimens shall meet the acceptance criteria. or one specimen is below the specified minimum individual value.2. and the Company.0 Retests With the exception of Charpy tests and hardness tests. The Contractor shall notify the Company of the test failure and obtain written Company approval to proceed with retests. e. two further specimens shall be prepared and tested. the Contractor shall submit the original PQR showing endorsement and signatures of the Contractor.

4 and 346. 328. the unique identification shall not be reassigned to another welder. December 2004 Page 14 SP-1096 . the welder's unique identification. 328. unless otherwise agreed by the Company Welding TA-2.2.2. The completed record forms shall be submitted to the Company Welding TA-3 who shall issue a welder's card which shall show the WPS for which the welder is qualified. and the Company TA-3 signature and endorsement. 328. The Company reserve the right to disqualify any welder whose performance during production welding is not satisfactory. The Contractor shall demonstrate that the welder has undergone training in that period.1. The card shall be the property of the Company and shall be revocable by the Company.2 Procedure Qualification by Others Delete section and replace as follows: Procedure qualification by others.3 Performance Qualification by Others Delete section and replace as follows: Performance qualifications made for another employer shall not be accepted. Performance qualification data shall be recorded by the Contractor on ASME form E00008 (QW-484) or other format agreed by the Company. radiography.2.1.Version 2.2.4 Qualification Records Delete section and replace as follows: See sections 328. A calibrated portable arc monitor shall be used to record welding parameters. A welder who fails to meet the acceptance criteria after the first retest shall not be allowed a second retest within seven days.2. This period may be extended by a further six months when it can be shown by NDT from production welding that the welder has produced satisfactory welds using the approved for construction WPS. Qualification shall be valid for a period of six months. Butt weld test pieces shall be subjected to visual examination. The ASME form shall then be endorsed and signed by the Contractor and the Company Welding TA-3 who witnessed the test welding. After 12 months the welder shall be re-qualified. If a welder ceases to work for the Contractor.3 shall not be permitted. Welding and testing shall be witnessed by a Company Welding TA-3. Should the second retest fail then that welder shall be disqualified for the duration of the contract. Failure to demonstrate training shall prevent the welder from being retested. 328. or symbol to the qualified welder which shall be used to ensure traceability to specific welds. The Contractor shall assign an identifying number. as defined in ASME B31. The Company shall be given a minimum of 48 hours notice of intention to perform welder qualification in order to witness the test welding. Failure to produce the card shall prevent the welder from welding until such time as it is produced.2.0 Specification for Welding of Duplex Stainless Steel Piping Welders shall have a valid Company qualification within the validity defined in this specification or they shall be qualified on contract materials using a WPS endorsed ‘Approved For Fabrication’.1 of this specification. letter. QW-302 and this specification. bend testing and macroscopic examination to the requirements of ASME IX. A welder who fails to meet the acceptance criteria shall be allowed an immediate retest. The welder shall maintain the card in his possession at the job site and shall produce it upon request by the Company.

1 Filller Metal Add the following.1 and 328. Flux shall be handled and stored in accordance with the flux manufacturer's recommendations.3. including new sub-sections 328. filler wires and fluxes shall be stored in a dry storage room in accordance with the manufacturer's instructions. Consumables shall remain in their original containers which shall be marked with the manufacturer's name. basic coated electrodes should be supplied in sealed vacuum packs having a guaranteed hydrogen content.3.1. Lloyd's. 328.3. as calculated from the batch test certification on the basis defined below. should be at least 2 units higher than the minimum specified PRE of the base material to be welded. from where they shall be issued to heated quivers maintained at a minimum temperature of December 2004 Page 15 SP-1096 . Batch testing is required. shall be examined for damage. Wherever available. Consumables delivered in containers that exhibit physical damage. (e.0 Welding Materials 328. All manual electrodes shall be properly identifiable up to the time of usage.Specification for Welding of Duplex Stainless Steel Piping 328..3 Version 2. The Contractor shall furnish the Company with datasheets for the flux prior to its arrival at site. Consumables that show signs of damage or deterioration shall be disposed of to the satisfaction of the Company. The tests shall be conducted with third party witness and verification at a Company approved facility. the consumable trade name. Flux shall remain identifiable and traceable. The electrodes shall be transferred to holding ovens set at 150°C after baking. Unidentifiable wire shall not be used. Electrodes not supplied in such vacuum packs shall be removed from the containers and baked in ovens in accordance with the manufacturer's instructions. Wire spools shall be stored in cabinets with the supplier's wrapping in place and shall remain clearly identifiable up to the point of usage. each electrode being distinguishable by a coding marked near the grip end. which shall be monitored in accordance with an agreed procedure.2: Only consumables from Company approved suppliers shall be used.1.1 Storage and Handling of Filler Metals and Fluxes Electrodes. Consumables in containers that are not identifiable and traceable shall be removed from the job site to the satisfaction of the Company. Filler metals should be of matching specification to the base material to be welded with the exception of the following: • • The chromium and nickel contents of each batch should be equal to or higher than those of the filler used in the corresponding procedure qualification test.g.5%W) + 16(%N) NOTE: Tungsten (W) analysis need be considered only if specified as an alloying addition. Electrodes without a code marking shall not be used. The storage room should be maintained at a maximum relative humidity of 50%. Approval shall include the manufacturing plant and shall be verified by a third party inspection agency. The PRE of the filler metal. DNV).3.3(%Mo + 0. PRE = (%Cr) + 3.1. irrespective of whether the consumables are supplied with a verified copy of the Supplier’s/Manufacturer's batch certificate. type approval. Recycling shall not be permitted. The definition of a batch is given in Appendix A of this specification. and the batch number. Each batch of consumables shall be tested in accordance with the AWS procedures specified for the consumable classification. All filler metals shall have classification society.

2 Weld Backing Material Delete existing section and replace as follows: Backing rings shall not be used.2. (for which the requirement for issue into a heated quiver shall still apply).4. Oven internal storage arrangements shall not allow intermixing of different electrodes (manufacturers and/or sizes).4 Preparation for Welding 328.3. The Contractor shall have a system for identification of re-baked electrodes.0 Specification for Welding of Duplex Stainless Steel Piping 70°C.1. i.4. Hydrogen shall not be added. 328. Before welding.Version 2. 328. A ‘map’ or other acceptable method shall be employed so as to identify the contents and their location in the baking and holding ovens. Prior to the commencement of qualification or production welding.e.32 or equivalent.1 Cleaning Delete existing section and replace as follows: Fusion faces and the surrounding surfaces within a minimum of 25 mm of the joint shall be free from heavy scale. 328. 328. The maximum stacking height shall be four layers. Those electrodes not used within four hours shall be returned to the baking oven. the Contractor shall submit a consumable handling procedure to the Company for review and approval. moisture. AWS 5. whichever is sooner. or any other substance which may have a deleterious effect on the weld quality or progress. Electrodes shall be baked a maximum of two times. The purity or component concentrations of the gas shall be as specified on the WPS and shall be the same for procedure qualification and production welding. The baking ovens and the holding ovens shall have automatic heat controls and a temperature read-out display. vacuum seal packed electrodes shall be used. the end preparation shall be degreased with a non-chlorinated solvent such as acetone. Consumable control shall be such that any basic coated electrodes shall be used within four hours of issue to a quiver. paint. 328. one initial bake and one re-bake.3 Consumable Inserts Delete existing section and replace as follows: Consumable inserts shall not be used. Duplex stainless steel electrodes shall not be stored in the same heated cabinets as electrodes of other materials. Test welding or production welding shall not commence until the consumable handling procedure has been approved by the Company Welding TA .3.2 End Preparation (a) General Delete existing clause (1) and replace as follows: December 2004 Page 16 SP-1096 .2 Shielding Gases The shielding and purge gas shall be certified as complying with ISO 14175.3. Where this is not possible due to operational reasons. oil. Gases in containers that are unidentifiable shall not be used.

7 mm and above and all cut-backs made to rectify defective end preparation. provided it is caused by dimensional variations within the specified tolerance or the use of two piping components of different nominal thickness and the same out side diameter. irrespective of pipe size. notches or other defects which may affect weld quality. Add the following new clauses (3) to (5): (3) The cut surface shall be ground to a smooth. bright uniform finish by removing approximately 0. Restoration involving welding shall not be permitted. (3): December 2004 Page 17 SP-1096 .1 of this specification. If the misalignment exceeds the above value. Wherever possible. Add the following new clause. Equipment/consumables used for grinding and cleaning of edge preparations shall be dedicated for stainless steel work and identified by colour coding or other suitable means. The acceptance criteria shall be that the maximum dimension of the minor axis of the lamination shall not exceed 6. 328. Preparation of weld edges by plasma cutting is permissible provided a mechanically guided torch is used. (b) Circumferential welds Delete existing clause (4) and replace as follows: (4) The deposition of weld metal to rectify internal misalignment shall not be permitted. The new bevel shall be liquid penetrant examined and shall be free from relevant linear indications. the weld edges and surrounding material shall be cleaned and visually examined to ensure freedom from cracks. Prepared edges shall meet the cleanliness requirements of clause 328.Specification for Welding of Duplex Stainless Steel Piping Version 2. such rectification should be carried out by machining in a shop rather than by grinding in the field.3 mm and the maximum product of the major and minor axes shall not exceed 50 mm2. Wire brushes shall be of stainless steel. The completed bevel shall be liquid penetrant examined.5 mm of metal. Any bevelled edge that has been damaged shall be restored by machining or grinding within the tolerances required by the welding procedure to be applied. a zone 50 mm wide around the outside diameter of the proposed hole shall be utrasonically checked for laminations. shall be inspected as follows: • • • The pipe shall be ultrasonically examined for laminations over a zone of 50 mm back from the new bevel edge. (4) All preparations in pipe of 273 mm OD and above and/or wall thickness of 12. The procedures and acceptance criteria shall be those specified for cut-backs in the preceding paragraph. trimming at the internal diameter of the thicker member to a taper of 1:4 may be carried out.0 (1) Bevels shall normally be machined or prepared by grinding.3 Alignment (a) Circumferential welds Add the following to clause (1): Misalignment is permitted to a maximum of 1 mm provided it is distributed equally around the circumference.4. All examinations shall be in accordance with Company approved procedures. After grinding. (5) Prior to a cut-out for a branch connection.4.

(c) Tack welding Delete existing sub-section and replace as follows: Root tack welding shall not be permitted. These shall be welded using the electrodes and parameters shown in the approved WPS for the fill passes. feathered at each end. And both joints shall be subjected to RT and PT checks. Add the following new sub-section (e): (e) Weld separation The toes of adjacent circumferential welds shall be separated by a minimum distance equal to the nominal outside diameter of the pipe. Welding Requirements 328.5 the weld is at the upper segment of 120° of the pipe line any two adjacent longitudinal welds shall be at least 45° apart. Stainless steel spacing tools shall be used in conjunction with the line-up clamp to ensure proper joint spacing. only bridge or bar tacks may be used. the longitudinal welds shall be so positioned that: • • 328. and visually inspected prior to completion of the root pass.5. Where the above requirement cannot be met. When circumferential welds are to be made in pipe of welded manufacture. amps. The production records shall also include the results of monitoring and verification of the welding parameters (volts. Where tack welding is necessary. The tack welds shall be removed by grinding as welding progresses around the joint. These shall have stainless steel inserts or shall be clad with a suitable material to prevent contact between the duplex stainless steel pipe and carbon steel. Welding shall not encroach on the root area. (b) Weld identification Delete the last sentence and replace as follows: The Contractor shall maintain records of the weld number and the welder identification for each weld for inclusion in the document package. A calibrated portable arc monitor shall be used to record welding parameters. (d) Weld Finishing December 2004 Page 18 SP-1096 . (a) WPS Add the following: All welding shall be in accordance with the ‘Approved for Fabrication’ WPS. per welder.0 Specification for Welding of Duplex Stainless Steel Piping (3) Line-up clamps shall be employed where possible. per day (excluding the capping runs) unless agreed otherwise with Company Welding TA-2 authority. the minimum distance between the toes of adjacent circumferential welds shall not be less than five times the nominal wall thickness or 50 mm whichever is greater. travel speed and heat input) representing one pass per WPS.Version 2. The bridge or bar material shall match the composition of the parent material.1 General The material certificates shall be verified and approved by the contractor Quality Assurance Engineer and made available for review to the Company before the commencement of welding / fabrication. Root bead segments used with external line-up clamps shall be cleaned.

For site welding. and other imperfections that could interfere with radiographic or ultrasonic inspection. subject to the root weld inner surface meeting the specified visual acceptance criteria. Add new sub-sections. all surfaces adjacent to the welds shall be cleaned of spatter. slope-out control and gas delay facility as a minimum.0 Delete existing sub-section and replace as follows: Welds shall be left as welded and shall not be treated with a flame torch or other mechanical means to change their appearance other than the cleaning and dressing operations specified in the WPS. U-groove preparation without root gap should be used for automatic welding. Automatic GTAW may be used in uphill and downhill progression. Helium or Argon/Helium mixtures of at least 99. burrs. (g) to (k): (g) Application of welding processes (1) Gas Tungsten Arc Welding (GTAW) Manual or automatic GTAW with filler metal addition shall be used for the root and second pass of all single sided butt welds. The oxygen content of the exit gas shall be monitored using suitable oxygen measuring equipment and welding shall not commence until a level of 0. When fabrication is completed. Flushing with backing gas shall be carried out before welding. as determined in procedure qualification. Welds shall not be peened. The tungsten electrode shall be AWS class EWTh-2 or EWCe-2. or in exceptional cases a torch may be used in accordance with Section 330. The manual GTAW process shall be restricted to uphill progression. (e) Weather protection Delete existing sub-section and replace as follows: Work shall not be performed when the weather and/or degree of protection does not permit satisfactory workmanship. (2) Submerged Arc Welding (SAW) December 2004 Page 19 SP-1096 . shelters giving adequate protection at all times to the weld area from wind.99% purity shall be used as shielding and backing gas. These processes may also be used for filling and capping passes. rain and moisture shall be provided. Moisture shall be removed by means of blowers. Argon. The use of argon containing an addition of up to 2% nitrogen is also permissible.Specification for Welding of Duplex Stainless Steel Piping Version 2. The GTAW power source shall have a high frequency starting circuit. Monitoring shall be continued during welding to ensure that this limit is not exceeded. thickness of weld metal has been deposited. Hydrogen additions are not permitted.2% or less is attained. Unless otherwise approved.1 of this specification. The same criteria shall be applied to confirm the acceptable maximum depth of partial penetration repair welds.1. gas back purge shall be maintained during the welding of all full penetration butt joints until a minimum of 6 mm. In windy conditions the pipe ends shall be sealed to prevent through draughts Weld surfaces shall be thoroughly cleaned and dried before welding. Continuation of back purging for further layers may be necessary.

(h) Arc strikes Arc strikes shall be ground out to a smooth profile. 328. cavities. The Contractor shall ensure a good earth connection and periodically examine the condition of the earth cables and attachments. Welding shall not be performed in the downhill direction.0 Specification for Welding of Duplex Stainless Steel Piping SAW shall be used only for filling and capping in the flat position with the pipe rotated. Add to sub-section (a). the following:: Socket welding shall not be permitted. Visible defects such as cracks. Wire and flux shall be from the same manufacturer. Any arcing from a poor connection shall be treated as an arc strike. The area shall be free from cracks. attachment shall be by continuous double fillet welds.2 Fillet and Socket Welds From 1st sentence. Add following new sub-section: December 2004 Page 20 SP-1096 . Proposals to use other processes may be submitted to the Company Welding TA-2 for consideration in exceptional cases.Version 2. Where the thickness is below the specified minimum that section of pipe shall be removed. (k) Transition joints between dissimilar metals The Contractor shall consult with the Company and agree the WPS and qualification requirements. Connections of current return cables shall be made directly to the work using clamps having stainless steel contact surfaces. (j) Temporary attachments Temporary attachments shall not be used. (3) Shielded Metal Arc Welding (SMAW) The SMAW process shall be used only for filling and capping and only in the positions recommended by the consumable manufacturer.5. delete”(including socket welds)”. The ground area shall be examined by liquid penetrant examination and thickness checked. and other deposition faults shall be removed by grinding prior to deposition of further weld metal. (i) Inter-run cleaning Each run of weld metal shall be cleaned before a further run is deposited. (4) Other welding processes Welding shall normally be restricted to the processes listed in (1) to (3) above. Delete existing sub-section (b) and replace as follows (b) Where the use of slip-on flanges is agreed by the Company.

Excavation shall be by machining or grinding. After completion of repair welding. The profile shall be such that adequate access for welding is achieved.3 and this specification. For partial penetration repairs. the weld shall be cut out entirely. A separate WPS shall be produced for repair welding and shall be approved by the Company Welding TA-2.6 Weld Repair Delete entire section and replace as follows: 328. The WPS shall be qualified using simulated repairs to an appropriate test weld.2 of this specification. Should further unacceptable defects be found on re-inspection then the weld shall be cut out entirely. the total length of excavation shall not exceed 20% of the weld length. In addition to the items required by this specification. Surfaces shall be thoroughly cleaned before depositing further weld metal.4 Welded Branch Connections Add following new sub-section: (i) A specific WPS shall be prepared for each type of branch weld detail. Otherwise separate qualification in accordance with ASME IX and this specification shall be required.5.3 and this specification. visual and liquid penetrant inspection shall be performed to confirm defect removal. the total length of excavation shall not exceed 30% of the weld length. The Contractor shall maintain records of repair work. the full extent of the repair shall be inspected by the method prescribed for the original weld to a length extending 50 mm beyond each end of the repair.1 General All repairs shall be executed by welders qualified in accordance with ASME B31. 328. partial penetration and cap welds. Undersize welds shall be rectified by the deposition of additional weld metal. Back welding to repair a root mismatch (Hi-Lo) is only permissible if covered by a PQR. Subject to review and acceptance by the Company Welding TA-2. Separate qualification of branch welds shall be carried out in accordance with ASME B31. except that repairs to fillet welds may be qualified by a suitable butt weld repair PQR. Each type of repair shall be separately qualified. After excavation. December 2004 Page 21 SP-1096 .6. For full penetration repairs. qualification of these details may be supported by appropriate butt weld qualifications. At the ends and the sides of the excavation there shall be a gradual taper from the base of the excavation to the surface of the weld metal. Repair welding procedures shall be prepared and qualified for each type of repair to be performed in accordance with Section 328. including full penetration.0 (c) A specific WPS shall be prepared for each fillet weld attachment detail. the WPS shall show the following: • • The method of excavation The NDE technique employed to ensure removal of defects Cracks shall not be repaired. When cracking is observed in the completed weld. 328.Specification for Welding of Duplex Stainless Steel Piping Version 2. using the same procedures as for the original weld.

1 General 330.3(p)). Otherwise. Each repair shall be of sufficient length to provide the specified number of specimens for destructive testing. Thermomelt crayons shall not be applied within the bevel area. . Generally. a minimum preheat of 50°C shall be applied to a bandwidth of at least 75mm either side of the joint.Version 2.2. Destructive testing shall be in accordance with the methods and acceptance criteria of Section 328. (see 328.1.6. If welding is likely to be performed below 15°C or condensation of moisture on the weld area is possible.2. which shall include measurements made in the new HAZ formed in the original weld. (cap repairs should be tested as fillet welds). A limited preheat may also be applied in highly constrained conditions provided that this does not contravene the essential variables of the qualified WPS. Provided the repair weld procedure is representative of the original weld qualification. to include the junction of new and original weld metal 330 Preheating 330. 328.3 Testing of Repair Welds Non-destructive testing of the repair test weld shall be performed as specified for the original weld. separate qualification shall be made.2 Welding of Test Repair Welds The initial butt weld shall be welded to the appropriate qualified WPS. contact pyrometer or a combination of these. the following destructive tests shall be performed on butt weld repairs.4 Preheat Zone Delete existing section and replace as follows: The heated area shall extend for a minimum of 75mm either side of the joint and shall be maintained over the full length of the joint until the weld is completed. Temperature measurement shall be by thermocouple.1.1. Acceptable methods of pre-heating are electrical resistance heaters or oxy-propane torches fitted with rosebud pattern nozzles. . test repair weld excavations should be centred at the fusion line so as to include weld metal and parent material.6: - 1 transverse tensile bend test 1 macroexamination and hardness test ferrite measurements.Charpy testing which. The location shall be shown on the WPS and agreed by the Company. Where the execution of single run repairs has been agreed. Welding or cutting torches shall not be used. unless a lower value is specified on the approved WPS.5t or t-6 mm.0 Specification for Welding of Duplex Stainless Steel Piping 328.6.1 Requirements and Recommendations Delete existing section and replace as follows: Preheat will not normally be required by the WPS. thermomelt crayon. 330. full procedure qualification tests shall apply. shall include samples notched in the new HAZ formed in the original weld. The maximum depth of partial penetration repair welds shall the lesser of 0. The maximum interpass temperature shall be 150oC. A period of December 2004 Page 22 SP-1096 .corrosion testing. where appropriate.

Contact faces of forming equipment shall be of stainless steel or lined with suitable material to prevent contamination of the work by carbon steel.0 equalisation shall be allowed.4 Interrupted Welding Delete existing section and replace as follows: Interruption of welding should be avoided.2 Specific Requirements 330. joint alignment or site fabrication. Where shop fabrication of bends or any other shop forming operations becomes necessary.Specification for Welding of Duplex Stainless Steel Piping Version 2.1 of this specification. Individual requirements and procedures shall be agreed with the Company as necessary. for cleaning fusion faces and welds beads and for preventing oxidation during welding.1 and 332. based on two minutes per 25mm thickness. a minimum of three passes or one third of the joint thickness. swarf or other debris and from residual deposits on or near fusion faces during welding. whichever is greater.1 General All necessary precautions shall be taken throughout fabrication to minimise contamination of duplex stainless steel materials resulting from direct contact with carbon steels.2. 328. prior to confirmation that the specified temperature has been attained.4. 332 Bending and Forming Delete existing section entirely and replace as follows: 332. Brazing and soldering processes are outside the scope of this specification. December 2004 Page 23 SP-1096 . 330.5. Specific requirements to prevent contamination during edge preparation.2 . exposure to ferrous dust. Maximum use shall be made of factory produced components. Where interruption is unavoidable.1 General Field bending of duplex stainless steel pipework shall not be permitted. following. General precautions to be applied during the handling and storage of duplex stainless steels are outlined in clauses 336. this shall be restricted to cold working techniques. 331 Heat Treatment Delete existing section and replace as follows: Post weld heat treatment will be specified only in exceptional circumstances. Add the following new section: 336 Handling and Storage 336. Detailed fabrication and heat treatment procedures shall be approved by the Company prior to commencement of work. 333 Brazing and Soldering Delete the existing section entirely.3. are included in Sections 328. shall have been deposited.

December 2004 Page 24 SP-1096 . (c) Pipe handling by means of hooks in pipe ends shall not be permitted.2 Storage (a) Components stored in an open site or within a fabrication workshop shall be protected from environmental contamination. rollers and other pipe handling equipment shall be of compatible material or shall be suitably lined to prevent damage or contamination of the duplex pipework.3 Pipe Handling (a) Supports. The Contractor shall ensure the safe use and disposal of chemical solutions and the thorough cleaning and drying of pipework.0 Specification for Welding of Duplex Stainless Steel Piping Surface oxidation or metallic contamination that does not respond to washing or degreasing treatments shall be removed using power tools or by a pickling treatment.Version 2. (b) Slings and supports for lifting duplex stainless steel pipe and assemblies shall be of Nylon or similar compatible material. Washing shall be performed with potable water. (b) Duplex stainless steels shall be clearly identified and segregated from other stored materials. Pickling procedures shall be subject to prior approved by the Company. 336. 336.

60.2 Responsibility for Examination Add the following new sub-sections (d) and (e): (d) The Contractor shall supply all labour. any discovered damage shall be the responsibility of the Contractor.3 and this specification.Specification for Welding of Duplex Stainless Steel Piping Version 2.3. (e) The Company shall have the final disposition on any weld.1 General Insert the following in front of the first paragraph: Before commencing production. materials.4 and 341.4. and equipment necessary to perform the required examinations.2 with the exception that Incomplete Penetration shall not be permitted.4 Extent of Required Examination 341. Limits on imperfections shall be assessed in accordance with Table 341. 341. After signed acceptance by the Contractor.3.3 and this specification.3 and this specification. Examination and Testing 341 Examination 341.10. Ultrasonic examination may supplement radiography and shall be used to interpret December 2004 Page 25 SP-1096 . (symbol ‘A’ to be designated for girth/mitre groove welds and branch connections).1 Examination Normally Required (a) Visual Examination Delete all clauses of existing sub-section and replace as follows: Visual examination prior to welding shall be in accordance with the provisions of sections 328.3 of ASME B31.3 Examination Requirements 341. All completed welds shall be visually examined. (b) Other examination Delete all clauses of existing sub-section and replace as follows: The extent of examination for all butt welds shall be in accordance with Table 1. Those welds not accepted by the Company shall be rectified in accordance with ASME B31. Wherever accessible. 341. Items supplied without materials certificates shall not be used.31-Gen. This examination shall include a review of the materials certificates. 341.2 Acceptance Criteria Delete existing section and replace as follows: The acceptance criteria shall be as stated in ASME B31.0 Chapter VI Inspection.3. the extent of oxidation on the root and HAZ surfaces of single-sided welds shall be assessed for comparison with the visual acceptance criteria of DEP 30. All damage and discrepancies shall be reported immediately to the Company. the Contractor shall examine free-issue materials for damage and compliance with the relevant materials specification.

Non-destructive examination personnel shall be qualified and certificated for the method of NDE to be carried out in accordance with ISO 9712. welding examination or non-destructive examination personnel fail to perform to a satisfactory standard they shall be disqualified from the works until such time that it can be demonstrated by the Contractor that they have achieved a satisfactory standard by undertaking. a test by a third party agency approved by the Company. at the Contractor's expense. 342 Examination Personnel 342. liquid penetrant examination shall be performed on the final weld. In-process examination shall not substitute for the specified NDE. and liquid penetrant examination at the same frequency as radiography for butt welds per fluid service and class. ultrasonic examination shall be employed.Version 2. Acceptable qualifications for welding examiners are as follows: • • • CSWIP 3. The Company approved Level III NDE Engineer (full time employee of NDE Company) shall continuously (monthly) monitor the performance of NDE Personnel certified to ASNT Level II and shall take corrective measures whenever the performance of ASNT Level II technicians is not satisfactory. in the opinion of the Company. If. Fillet welds shall be subjected to visual. Where ultrasonic examination is not possible. The Contractor shall inform the Company of cases where neither radiography nor ultrasonic examination can be performed and obtain written Company approval for liquid penetrant examination to be used alone. Personnel certified to ASNT Level II in accordance with ASNT-TC-1A by examination are acceptable provided that the certifying Level III NDE Engineer has been approved by the Company. the Contractor shall ensure that a minimum of 2% of the welds made by each welder is included in the overall percentage examined. Where radiography is not possible.1 with 10 years experience AWS CWI with 10 years experience Other qualification agreed by the Company as equivalent to the above. The roles and responsibilities of NDE personnel shall be as defined in the levels of competence in ISO 9712. When random non-destructive examination is specified. 343 Examination Procedures Delete existing section and replace as follows: Written NDE procedures covering each type of specified examination shall be prepared by the Contractor and submitted for Company approval (by an Inspection TA-2) a minimum of December 2004 Page 26 SP-1096 .0 Specification for Welding of Duplex Stainless Steel Piping doubtful indications in the radiographs. Branch connection welds shall be radiographically examined where possible.1 Personnel Qualification and Certification Delete existing section and replace as follows: Welding examination personnel shall hold a valid qualification of one of the following listed below and should have previous experience of duplex stainless steel welding or have received a period of specialised training satisfactory to the Company welding TA-2.

The acceptance criteria shall be as stated in Chapter VI of ASME B31. December 2004 Page 27 SP-1096 . 344 Types of Examination 344.2. IQIs shall be wire type. Gamma radiography shall not be used for wall thicknesses less than 10mm.2 Method Delete existing section and replace as follows: Visual examination shall be performed in accordance with a documented procedure complying with Article 9 of ASME BPV Code Section V.4 Liquid Penetrant Examination Delete existing section and replace as follows: Liquid penetrant examination shall be performed in accordance with a documented procedure complying with Article 6 of ASME BPV Code Section V and incorporating the requirements of SP-1176.3 and this specification. The technician and the Contractor's Welding Co-ordinator shall sign and endorse the report form before presenting it to the Company. Company approval shall be based on qualification tests.5. Where the use of X-radiography is agreed by the Company to be impracticable. 344.3 Magnetic Particle Examination Delete this section. The primary method of radiography shall be by X-ray. The examiner shall maintain and sign records of in-process examination.5 Radiographic Examination 344. the Company representative shall sign and endorse the report form. The procedures shall incorporate the requirements of SP-1176. When approved by the Company. PT shall be performed with the weld at ambient temperature. which may be conducted as part of the Welding Procedure Qualification testing. Only Class 1 film (D4 or equivalent) shall be used for radiography performed to this specification. of stainless steel or equivalent. Sensitivity shall be 2% or better. a gamma source may be considered subject to meeting the specified minimum sensitivity requirements.3 Method Delete existing section and replace as follows: Radiographic examination shall be performed in accordance with a documented procedure complying with Article 2 of ASME BPV Code Section V and incorporating the requirements of SP-1176.0 two weeks prior to test or production welding as applicable.Specification for Welding of Duplex Stainless Steel Piping Version 2. 344. The acceptance criteria shall be as stated in Chapter VI of ASME B31.3 and this specification. The weld shall be at ambient temperature prior to examination. 344.2 Visual Examination 344. The procedures shall be project specific and shall show the project name and contract number.

The technician and the Contractor's Welding Examiner shall sign and endorse the report form before presenting it to the Company.4.3 and section 341.2 of ASME B31.6 Ultrasonic Examination Delete existing section entirely and replace as follows: Ultrasonic examination for laminations and weld discontinuities shall be performed in accordance with documented procedures complying with Article 5 of ASME BPV Code Section V and incorporating the requirements of SP-1176.6.1 Documentation The Contractor shall be responsible for compiling the following document packages which shall be submitted to the Company upon completion of the works: (a) Pre-production • • • • • • December 2004 Copy of approved Welding Procedure Register Weld plan/map Copies of approved WPSs Copies of approved repair WPSs Copies of all supporting PQRs List of approved welders and their identification Page 28 SP-1096 . the Company representative who interpreted the radiographs shall sign and endorse the report form. Ultrasonic examination shall be performed with the weld at ambient temperature. 346 Records 346. When approved by the Company.1 shall be verified by the Contractor Quality Assurance Engineer and approved by the company TA-3. The technician and the Contractor's Welding Examiner shall sign and endorse the report form prior to presenting it and the radiographs to the Company. These shall be retained for reference during production and should be suitable both for confirmation of radiographic quality and for assessment of questionable root profile features (weld protrusion.2(a)(4) of this specification for laminations. concavity etc.1 Required Leak Test Add the following: Before hydro-test relevant pipe spool weld history records stating all the information as detailed in 346. When approved by the Company. the Company representative shall sign and endorse the report form.2 of this specification. Add the following new section: 345 Testing 345. 344.Version 2.3. Radiography shall be performed with the weld at ambient temperature.3 for welds and 328. Clearance to proceed with testing shall be obtained from the Company TA-3 before hydro-test. The acceptance criteria shall be as stated in Chapter VI of ASME B31. The acceptance criteria shall be as stated in Chapter VI and 344.0 Specification for Welding of Duplex Stainless Steel Piping The Contractor shall qualify the radiographic testing procedure prior to testing production welds by producing radiographs that comply with this specification.) from density measurements. Radiographic testing procedure qualification may be undertaken on test welds produced for welding procedure qualification.

The WPS employed .Batch number of consumables employed Radiographs . and WPS . Add the following new section: 347 Certificate of Conformity On satisfactory completion of the piping work. if applicable.Weld number .indexed and stored in a fireproof container List of site test records Copies of site test records List of non-conformances/corrective actions issued during external or internal audits. The “Declaration of Compliance” shall be signed by the Contractor‘s QA/QC In-charge who is approved by the Company for the contract.Material specifications and identification .3 and this specification List of consumable batch certificates Copies of consumable batch certificates List of materials certificates Copies of materials certificates List of test equipment Copies of calibration certificates (b) Post-production • • • • • • • • • • Certificate of Compliance List of as built drawings As built drawings showing unique weld numbers List of weld history sheets. The format of “Declaration of Compliance” is shown in appendix E.PWHT if applicable (chart to be attached to weld history sheet) .NDE reports for repairs (to be attached to weld history sheet) . Copies of non-conformances/corrective actions issued during external or internal audits.NDE reports where applicable (to be attached to weld history sheet) .0 List of PDO welders' cards Copies of the PDO welders' cards List of approved NDE operators Copies of NDE operator qualification certificates List of company approved deviations to ASME B31.Date welded .Welders' identity symbols . the Contractor (or Manufacturer) shall issue a declaration of compliance with this specification. weld map Copies of weld history sheets which shall show for each weld. .Specification for Welding of Duplex Stainless Steel Piping • • • • • • • • • • • • Version 2.3 and this specification Copies of Company approved deviations to ASME B31. December 2004 Page 29 SP-1096 .Isometric and line number .Type of repair.Visual inspection disposition .

Version 2. Hydrogen Service (>7 bar) All other services December 2004 ANSI Class Type of Examination All Visual 100% RT 100% PT 100% 150 .0 Specification for Welding of Duplex Stainless Steel Piping Table 1 Extent of Non-Destructive Testing for Welds Fluid Service Category M.300 ≥ 600 100% 100% 100% 100% 10% 100% Page 30 SP-1096 . Liquid Gas.

Specification for Welding of Duplex Stainless Steel Piping December 2004 Page 31 Version 2.0 SP-1096 .

5 mm 0.5+.5 mm Hardness indentations in the HAZ spaced at 0.0.0.5 mm X 0.5 +.5 X LEG LENGTH December 2004 Page 32 SP-1096 .5mm One indentation of every set of 3 shall be as close to the fusion line as possible but shall not intersect it 1.Version 2.5t X X X XXX X X X XXX X X X X X XXX X X X XXX XXX XXX X X X X X X 1.0 Specification for Welding of Duplex Stainless Steel Piping Figure 1 Hardness Indent Locations 1.5 +.0.

0 Orientation and Location of Charpy Impact Specimens _ 20mm t< Notch t 2mm Weld metal specimen C/L Specimen axis _ 20mm t< Notch 2mm FL FL + 2 Heat affected zone specimens C/L 2mm t > 20mm 2mm Weld metal specimens C/L FL FL + 2 2mm t > 20mm FL FL + 2 2mm Heat affected zone specimens December 2004 Page 33 SP-1096 .Specification for Welding of Duplex Stainless Steel Piping Figure 2 Version 2.

2 Filler Metal Procurement Guidelines AWS 5. 2002 Edition ASME B31.60.10.Version 2. Welding And Brazing Qualifications ASME IX Recommended Practice for Non-Destructive Testing Personnel Qualification and Certification ASNT SNT-TC-1A Standard Test Methods and Definitions for Mechanical Testing of Steel Products ASTM A370 Methods of Preparation of Metallographic Specimens ASTM E3 Standard Test Method for Vickers Hardness of Metallic Materials ASTM E92 Standard Test Method for Determining Volume Fraction by Systematic Manual Point Count ASTM E562 Standard Test Methods for Pitting and Crevice Corrosion Resistance of Stainless Steels and Related Alloys by the Use of Ferric Chloride Solution ASTM G48 Standard Procedures for Calibrating Magnetic Instruments AWS 4.31-Gen Welded and seamless duplex and super duplex stainless steel line pipe (Amendments/supplements to API Spec. reference is made to the following publications: Note: Unless specifically designated by date. Section V. 5LC) DEP 31.20.34-Gen American Standards Chemical Plant and Petroleum Refinery Piping.32 Sulphide Stress Cracking Resistant Metallic Materials for Oilfield Equipment NACE MR0175 International Standards December 2004 Page 34 SP-1096 .40. PDO Standards Technical Authorities System ERD-00-02 Guidelines for the Approval of Contractors for the Fabrication of Duplex Stainless Steel GU-225 Guideline for Granting Technical Authority System GU-272 Quality Assurance Specification for Engineering Works SP-1171 Methods for Non-Destructive Examination SP-1176 Shell Group Standards Oxidation of Stainless Steel Weldments DEP 30. Non-Destructive Examination ASME V Boiler and Pressure Vessel Code.3 Boiler and Pressure Vessel Code.01 Specification for Welding Shielding Gases AWS 5. the latest edition of each publication shall be used together with any amendments.0 Specification for Welding of Duplex Stainless Steel Piping Appendix C References In this specification. Section IX.

Shielding gases for arc welding and cutting ISO 14175 Welding Co-ordination .Part 2: Comprehensive quality requirements ISO 3834-2 (Note 2) Quality systems .0 Quality requirements for welding . ISO 9001:2000 Non-destructive testing .Model for quality assurance in design.Qualification and certification of personnel ISO 9712 Welding consumables .Tasks and Responsibilities ISO 14731 (Note 1) Note 1 Also published as EN 719 Note 2 Also published as EN 729 December 2004 Page 35 SP-1096 . development. production.Fusion welding of metallic materials . installation and servicing.Specification for Welding of Duplex Stainless Steel Piping Version 2.

e. 3.the volume of a specific phase per unit volume. of the appropriate microstructural area. Volume fraction (Vv) . which should be referenced for additional background and definition of detail as noted.g.1 of this DEP. i. or finer. ii. The procedure is a specific interpretation of ASTM E562. or finer. Etching shall be carried out in a container of sufficient size to allow immersion of the test piece in the etch at a distance of ≤100 mm from the platinum cathode. but trials may be necessary to determine the most appropriate conditions for a particular test piece. abrasive and the final polish should be with 1µm. Terminology i. Each weld sample shall section the whole of the weldment and HAZ and an area of parent material on either side of the weld. Test Piece Preparation Planar sections shall be taken through the parent material or the weldment.0 Specification for Welding of Duplex Stainless Steel Piping Appendix D Determination of the Volume Fraction of Ferrite in Duplex Stainless Steel by Systematic Point Count 1. as relevant. abrasive. The test piece shall be etched electrolytically in 40% KOH solution. 400 g KOH in 1000 ml of solution made with distilled water. to yield a point fraction which represents an estimate of the volume fraction of delta ferrite present within the field of view. It may be noted that the contrast between the delta ferrite and austenite phases will probably vary through the weldment. December 2004 Page 36 SP-1096 . Scope This Appendix is taken from Appendix 2 of DEP 31. Basis of Method The method involves the superimposition of a test grid over an image. Point count . It is recommended that the last grinding stage should be with 600 grit. diamond paste. Preparation of the test pieces shall be in accordance with standard metallographic techniques.the number of grid points which lie within areas of a specific phase (in this case delta ferrite). such as described in ASTM E3.Version 2. The number of grid points falling within delta ferrite are counted and divided by the total number of grid points.5.34-Gen and specifies the requirements for estimating the volume fraction of delta ferrite in duplex stainless steel by systematic point counting on transverse metallographic sections. 2.20. The average point fraction taken over a number of appropriately selected fields gives an estimate of the volume fraction within the region sampled. Sections shall be perpendicular to the material surface and transverse to the welding direction. iii.the point count divided by the total number of points in the test grid. Point fraction (Pp) . when relevant.e. produced by an optical light microscope. 4.40. Electrical contact between the test piece and power source may be made by means of a suitably shaped conducting probe. from the locations specified in Part II . Acceptable contrast may be obtained at an anode/cathode voltage that generates a current density of 1 amp/cm2 for a period of 2-5 seconds. expressed as a fraction.

HAZ or parent material. Apparatus An optical light microscope which projects an image of the magnified micro-structure onto a viewing screen shall be used. It is recommended that the spacing of the points should be 10 mm along both directions parallel to the edges of the square grid. cap. The magnification shall be selected such that the ferrite particles have an average dimension approximately one half of the grid point spacing. a magnification in the range x 500 . produced by the intersection of fine parallel lines (maximum width 0. This can be done simply by attempting to fit the grid within a single coarse grain. The weld pass shall be stated. 7. The grid shall consist of a square array of equally spaced points. A second point count shall be performed in the new field. D2. Where possible it should be indicated whether the area has been re-heated or is asdeposited. If the whole grid is too large. December 2004 Page 37 SP-1096 . If the grid size is less than the grain size. the operator shall first assess whether the test grid can be superimposed over an area which is entirely within the coarse grained HAZ. before measurements are made. to an appropriate position within the specified area. When measurements are being made within the coarse grained HAZ. The test piece shall then be moved by a small amount in x and/or y so that another field is chosen.3 mm). Measurements in the coarse grained HAZ shall be made within 0. as should the exact measurement locations.g. Procedure Superimpose the test grid on the magnified image of the microstructure in the chosen area of the parent material or weldment. Delta ferrite is the phase which is stained dark by the etch. as shall the area which has been measured. Version 2.Specification for Welding of Duplex Stainless Steel Piping 5. a smaller area of the grid shall be used. The austenite phase remains light coloured in all areas after etching. without rotating. and shall have 16 or 25 points. i. The area chosen may be either square or rectangular.preferably with a number. NOTE: For many weldment microstructures. by ignoring one or more whole rows of grid points.g. At a magnification of x 1000 this corresponds to a point spacing on the actual microstructure of 10 µm.1. This should be judged visually in more than one field of view. any points which cannot be assigned positively to either phase shall be counted as one half. This process shall be continued until a minimum of 400 points have been counted.2 mm of the fusion line. although its colour may vary significantly throughout the weldment. provided that this field of view still falls within the specified region of the parent material or weldment. e. preferably with graduated x and y translation controls. root. If the field of view falls outside the area of interest the specimen shall be moved back. particularly in re-heated areas. fill . If a rectangular grid is used.e. 6. Where possible the test piece should be moved without looking at the micro-structure in order to avoid bias in the choice of fields. weld metal. as in Figure. The test grid shall be marked on a transparent sheet which shall be superimposed on the magnified image of the microstructure. the specimen shall be rotated so that the long axis of the rectangle is kept parallel to the fusion boundary. It is recommended that the use of overlapping fields be avoided. e. The location of measurements shall be recorded on a sketch or photograph of the section. then the technique described above shall be used. Count the number of points which lie within the delta ferrite phase.0 Area Selection The areas in which measurements have been made shall be specified precisely. Any uncertainty shall be noted.x 1000 is suitable.

An estimate of the volume fraction of delta ferrite. Whether the fields were chosen randomly or at regular intervals. calculated as the average of the point fractions. as defined by ASTM E 562. The magnification used. as defined by ASTM E 562. ii. ix. Reporting The following details shall be included in the point counting report: i. iv.1 where the error is as defined in ASTM E 562. xiv. specifying parent metal or the weld pass. xi. The calculated value of the 95% CI. weld metal or HAZ) and. The number of sections taken from the weld. December 2004 Page 38 SP-1096 . Any uncertainty should be indicated. v. The locations of sections taken along the weld. The polishing procedure and etching conditions.Version 2. Stage of manufacture. If regular intervals were employed. A list of the point fractions of delta ferrite in each field. viii.0 Specification for Welding of Duplex Stainless Steel Piping The volume fraction. The location of the areas in which measurements were made. production test. xiii. etc. of delta ferrite shall be estimated by taking an average of the point fractions counted in each of the n fields as follows: VV = Pp = 1 ∑ Pp (i) n (equation 1) where (i) is the field number. report the spacings used.e. vi. vii.e. shall be calculated as follows: 95%CI = 2. where practical. The number of points and shape of the grid. 8. whether the area was reheated or not.0s (equation 2) n−1 where s = ( 1 2 0. preferably on sketch or photograph and in words. x. Signature of operator responsible for ferrite determination. Statement of conformance with specified ferrite content.5 ∑ [Pp (i)−Pp ] ) n −1 (equation 3) The accuracy of the technique shall comply with the allowable errors specified in Table D2. i. procedure qualification. iii. Location of sample and heat number. xii. The 95% confidence interval (CI). the region of the weld pass (i.

0 ± 14% Page 39 SP-1096 .1 Table D2.Specification for Welding of Duplex Stainless Steel Piping Figure D2.1 Two grid types suitable for systematic manual point counting of delta ferrite in duplex stainless steel + + + + + — — — — — + + + + + — — — — — + + + + + — — — — — + + + + + — — — — — + + + + + — — — — — Allowable error in ferrite/austenite determination Volume % Error 45-50 ± 10% 40-45 ± 11% 35-40 ± 12% 0-35 December 2004 Version 2.

Version 2.0 Specification for Welding of Duplex Stainless Steel Piping Appendix E Certificate of Compliance DECLARATION/CERTIFICATE OF COMPLIANCE FOR PIPING FABRICATION AND INSTALLATION Description of piping Identification no. installed. date) PROJECT QA/QC IN-CHARGE Specimen of declaration/certificate of compliance for piping work fabrication and installation December 2004 Page 40 SP-1096 . examined and tested in accordance with this SP-1096 Company: Signature (Name./Drawing No. position. Installed by: For: Design conditions: Design temperature: Medium contained: Designed by: We hereby declare that above piping work has been fabricated.

: Document Control Section Advised: Page 41 Date: Inits. ambiguous or could be better in this Specification.: † † † Date: Comments: Originator Advised: December 2004 Date: Inits. Send the form to the Document Control Section (DCS). The form has spaces for your personal details.0 User Comment Form User Comment Form If you find something that is incorrect.: CFDH Actions Recd. write your comments and suggestions on this form. Procedure Details Number: Title: Page Number: Issue Date: Heading Number: Figure Number: Comments: Suggestions: User’s personal details Name: Ref. issue temporary amendment Ref. revise at next issue: Accept.: Recd. Ind.: Accept.Specification for Welding of Duplex Stainless Steel Piping Version 2. Decision: Date: Reject: To CFDH: Inits.: Signature: Date: Phone: Document Control Section Actions Comment Date: Number: CFDH Ref.: SP-1096 . They make a record of your comment and send the form to the correct CFDH. This lets DCS or the CFDH ask you about your comments and tell you about the decision. Ind. Ind.