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Salt Lake Community College

Global Warming
Jamison Pittl

Natural Disasters
1700-010
Lucinda Clark
4-19-16

Global warming is one of the most controversial subjects of our
time. Some believe global warming is a real issue that is threating our
way of life, while others believe that global warming isn’t even
happening. Further yet, Scientists cannot agree on whether or not it is
happening. “There is no consensus about global warming being real
among scientist. A recent gathering of 31,000 scientists in the field of
environmental science couldn’t reach a consensus on whether or not
global warming is real” ("Is Global Warming Real? Top 5 Arguments in
Favor and Against it - Conserve Energy Future," n.d.). So is global
warming happening or not? Though it may be disputable, between
rising sea levels, shrinking glaciers, and ocean acidification it is my
opinion that global warming is happening.
Due to the “greenhouse effect”, our Earth is able to retain
enough warmth to support human life. As defined by NASA, the
greenhouse effect is “warming that results when the atmosphere traps
heat radiating from earth toward space.” ("Climate Change: Vital Signs
of the Planet: Causes," n.d.) Certain gases in our atmosphere block
heat from escaping the earth. These gases are termed, “greenhouse
gasses”. These include; water vapor, carbon dioxide, methane, nitrous
oxide, and chlorofluorocarbons. Human’s excessive emission of these
gasses is starting to alter the natural greenhouse of the Earth’s

atmosphere. The burning of fossil fuels and the use of CFCs as
propellants in aerosol cans are major contributors to the Earth’s excess
of greenhouse gasses. As more and more of the gasses are being put
into the atmosphere, less and less heat is able to escape. As a result,
temperatures on the earth rise which contributes to the melting of
glaciers and ice sheets.
Glaciers across multiple mountain ranges are decreasing in size
due to the rise in temperatures. Especially those in Greenland and
Antarctica. “Studies conducted by NASA’s Gravity Recovery and
Climate Experiment show Greenland lost 36 to 60 cubic miles of ice
every year between 2000 and 2006.” ("Climate Change: Vital Signs of
the Planet: Causes," n.d.) Additionally, Antarctica lost close to 36 cubic
miles of ice between 2002 and 2005.
As a result of melting glaciers and ice sheets, sea levels are rising
all across the world. As reported by CEF, “in the past decade, the
global mean sea levels have doubled compared to the 20 th century
trend of 1.6 mm per year. The global sea levels rose about 6.7 inches
in the last century.” ("Is Global Warming Real? Top 5 Arguments in
Favor and Against it - Conserve Energy Future," n.d.) The correlation in
unmistakable. As the glaciers melt, the sea levels rise.

Not only does our atmosphere absorb harmful gasses, but so do
our seas. For thousands of years our seas have maintained stable
acidity levels that have allowed oceanic life to flourish. However, with
the rise of industrialism and the use of fossil fuels, these gases have
been absorbed by the oceans and have disrupted pH levels in various
parts of the ocean. According to the National Geographic, “Massive
amounts of CO2 in the seas is altering water chemistry and affecting
the life cycles of many marine organisms, particularly those at the
lower end of the food chain.” ("Ocean Acidification -- Pristine Seas -National Geographic," n.d.) The Earth’s oceans absorb roughly one
third of human created CO2 gasses. Which is about 22million tons a
day. As CO2 emissions are expected to increase in the years to come,
this could be detrimental to many oceanic species.
Today, the Earth’s temperature is rising as a result of greenhouse
gasses. These gasses are causing the glaciers to melt and the oceans
to rise. These gases are also being absorbed by the oceans. Which as a
result is increasing oceanic acidity and raising water temperatures.
While there are many counterarguments that say global warming is not
happening, it is my opinion that there are many more things
suggesting that it is happening.

Works Cited

Climate Change: Vital Signs of the Planet: Causes. (n.d.). Retrieved from
http://climate.nasa.gov/causes/
Greenhouse Gases | A Student's Guide to Global Climate Change | US EPA. (n.d.).
Retrieved from
https://www3.epa.gov/climatechange/kids/basics/today/greenhouse-gases.html
Infographic: Sea Level Rise and Global Warming | Union of Concerned Scientists. (n.d.).
Retrieved from
http://www.ucsusa.org/global_warming/science_and_impacts/impacts/infographic
-sea-level-rise-global-warming.html#.VxaVOzArLIU
Is Global Warming Real? Top 5 Arguments in Favor and Against it - Conserve Energy
Future. (n.d.). Retrieved from http://www.conserve-energy-future.com/is-globalwarming-real.php

Ocean Acidification -- Pristine Seas -- National Geographic. (n.d.). Retrieved from
http://ocean.nationalgeographic.com/ocean/explore/pristine-seas/critical-issuesocean-acidification/
Six reasons that scientists are sure global warming is happening | Environment | The
Independent. (n.d.). Retrieved from
http://www.independent.co.uk/environment/six-reasons-that-scientists-are-surethat-global-warming-is-happening-a6753996.html