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STRUCTURES

Area opaca
o Area opaca
vasculosa
o Area opaca
vitellina
Area pellucida
Proamnion
Subcephalic
pocket
Amniotic fold
Yolk sac
Amnion
chorion
allantois
Fetal membrane
Pleuro-pericardial
membrane
Transverse
septum
Lateral amniotic
fold
Allantoic rudiment
Chorio-allantoic
membrane
Lateral body fold
Cloacal membrane
Mediastinum
Dorsal mesogaster
Ventral
mesogaster
Hepatogastric
ligament
Hepatoduodenal
ligament
Mesoduodenum
Neural folds
Neural groove

24 HR

33 HR

48 HR

X
X

X
x

x
x

x
x

72 HR
I. MEMBRANES

X
x
x

x
X
x
X

x
II. BRAIN REGION
X
X

Other notes

FATE

3 zones: margin of growth,


zone junction, germ wall

connected with pleuropericardial membrane

Anal opening

Neural tube

Neural crest

Head fold
Notochord
Anterior border of
the mesoderm
Thickened
splanchnic
mesoderm
Unsegmented
mesoderm
Mesenchyme of
the head
Somite
1st somite
- dermatome
- myotome
- sclerotome
Head ectoderm
Anterior
neuropore
Prechordal plate
Prosencephalon
Optic vesicle
Infundibulum
Prosocoel
Mesencephalon

X
X

X
X

x
x
X
x
x

Aqueduct of
sylvuis

mesocoel
Diencephalon

Telencephalon

Lamina terminalis
Rhombencephalon
Metencephalon
myelencephalon

Ganglia,
pigment cells,
part of gill
arches

x
x
x
x

X
X

X
X

Cerebral
hemisphere
section of telencephalic
wall
cerebellum
medulla

Posterior choid
plexus
Spinal cord
Central canal
Roof plate
Floor plate
Basal plate
Alar plate
Sulcus limitans
Marginal layer
Ependymal layer
Mantle layer
Sinus
rhomboidalis
Velum
transversum
Lens placode
Auditory pit
Auditory vesicle
isthmus

x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x

x
x

x
x
x
x
X
3 branches:
-maxillary
-mandibular
-ophthalmic

Semilunar
ganglion

Jugular ganglion

Acoustic-facialis
ganglion

Superior ganglion

Oculomotor nerve
Optic cup
Presumptive
retina
Presumptive
pigmented
epithelium
Sensory retina

Roof of the
medulla

Inner ear

trigeminal V cranial nerve


syn gasserian ganglion

ganglion of the X cranial


nerve
ganglia of VII and VII
cranial nerve
ganglion of
glossopharyngeal IX nerve

III cranial nerve

4th extrinsic eye


muscle

Sensory retina

Pigmented
epithelium

Thick inner layer of the

optic cip
Thin, outer layer of the
optic cup

Covers the eye lens

Syn: choroid fissure

Pigmented retina
Corneal
epithelium
Optic stalk
Optic fissure
Lens vesicle

x
x

x
X
x

Rathkes pouch

Otic vesicle
Nasal placode
Nasal pit
Neuromere
Endolymphatic
duct

x
x

x
X
x

Sclera & choroid

lens
Hypophysis/
anterior
pituitary gland

External nares

III. DIGESTIVE SYSTEM


Foregut
Anterior Intestinal
Portal
Posterior
intestinal Portal

Oral plate

Pre-oral gut
Subgerminal
cavity
Midgut
Pharynx
Stomodeum
Maxillary process
Mandibular
process
Pre-oral gut
Mandibular arch
Maxillary arch
Symphysis of the
lower jaw

x
x

x
x
x
x

x
x
x

x
x

syn: pharyngeal
membrane
midgut

x
x
x

x
x

jaws

Future esophagus
Esophagus
Stomach
Cranial liver
diverticulum
Caudal liver
diverticulum
duodenum
Hindgut
cloaca
Amnio-cardiac
vesicle
heart
Bulbus cordis
Epimyocardium
Dorsal
mesocardium
Ventricle
atrium
Sinus venosus

x
x

X
x

x
x

x
x
x
IV. HEART REGION

esophagus

x
x
x
x

x
x

x
x
x

x
x
x

Trabeculae

Pericardial cavity

heart

isthmus
mesodermal stalk
Future auricle
continuation of atrium
irregular projection of the
myocardium

V. EXCRETORY
Nephrotome
Paired
mesonephric duct
Mesonephric
tubules
Mesonephric ridge

x
x

nephrostome

Pronephros
Sinus terminalis
Blood islands
Anterior cardinal
vein

x
VI. BLOOD VESSELS

x
x
x

Mesonephric
kidney
opening of mesonephric
tubule

Cardinal vein
-common cardinal
vein
- postcardinal vein
Dorsal aorta
(paired)
Descending aorta
Ventral aorta
Ventral aortae
1st aortic arch
2nd aortic arch
3rd aortic arch
4th aortic arch
vitelline blood
vessels
-vitelline artery
-vitelline vein

x
x
x
X
X
x

x
x

x
x

x
x
x

x
x
x
x

Vitelline veins

Vitelline artery
Omphalomesenter
ic vein
Carotid loop
Internal carotid
arteries
Dorsal
intergemented
arteries
Ductus venosus
Allantoic vein
Subcardinal vein

dorsal postcardinal vein


ventral common cardinal
vein

syn. Omphalomesenteric
vein
posterior extensions of the
sinus venosus

x
x

X
x
x

posterior of sinus venosus

Primitive streak
Primitive groove
Primitive ridges
Primitive pit

X
X
X
X

VII. OTHER STRUCTURES (pouch, groove, branchial arch=pharyngeal arch)


X

Hensens node
Somatopleure
Splanchnopleure
Coelom
Hypomere
Thyroid gland
Thyroid rudiment
1st branchial
groove
2nd branchial
groove
3rd branchial
groove
1st pharyngeal
pouch
2nd pharyngeal
pouch
3rd pharyngeal
pouch
1st visceral arch

X
x
x
x
x

x
x
x

visceral arch

3 visceral arch
Extraembryonic
coelom
Laryngotracheal
groove
trachea

Lung bud

nd
rd

responsible for metabolism


and growth

Larynx, tachea,
lung bud

Wing bud

Leg buds

Pleural cavity

Peritoneal cavity
Pleuropericardial
cavity
Tail bud

Paired wing

Closing plate

syn: lateral mesocardium

Pharyngeal furrow
1st pharyngeal
furrow and pouch
2nd pharyngeal
furrow and pouch
3rd pharyngeal
furrow and pouch
Hyoid arch