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Ejercicios de dominio y rango

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**Important notes about Domains and Ranges from Graphs:
**

Remember that domain refers to the x-values that are represented in a problem and

range refers to the y-values that are represented in a problem.

Sometimes it isn’t possible to list all the values that x or y can be because the graph

is continuous and made up of an infinite number of points, like a line, a ray, or

even a segment.

In a continuous graph, to determine the domain, you should focus on looking left

to right of the graph.

In a continuous graph, to determine the range, you should focus on looking

bottom to top of the graph.

We use interval notation to help us describe the domain and range for graphs that

represent continuous situations.

Please review the following information to help you describe the domain and range

for three different types of continuous graphs.

Example 1: A continuous graph with two endpoints.

Domain: {-7 ≤ x < 5}

Notice that this graph has two endpoints, so the graph starts

and stops and the domain covers all x-values between the

two endpoints which makes it a continuous graph.

Since the left and right endpoints are at (-7, -3) and (5, 1), the

graph covers all x-values between the x-values of -7 and -3.

Notice that the first endpoint is a closed circle so it includes

that point; but the second endpoint is an open circle, so it does

not include that point.

Therefore, the graph covers all x-values ≥ -7 AND all xvalues < 5 – we write that in interval notation as {-7 ≤ x < 5}

Important Note:

To find the domain for

a graph with two

endpoints, always

identify the x-values

of the point farthest to

the left and the point

farthest to the right.

For the range, you

want the y-values of

the lowest point and

the highest point.

Range: {-3 ≤ y < 1}

Notice that this graph has two endpoints, so the graph starts

and stops and the range covers all y-values between the two

endpoints which makes it a continuous graph.

Since the bottom and top endpoints are at (-7, -3) and (5, 1),

the graph covers all y-values between the y-values of -3 and

1.

Notice that the first endpoint is a closed circle so it includes

that point; but the second endpoint is an open circle, so it does

not include that point.

Therefore, the graph covers all y-values ≥ -3 AND all yvalues < 1 – we write that in interval notation as {-3 ≤ y < 1}

0) and an arrow pointing up indicating that it continues forever in the positive y direction. This indicates that the graph continues forever in the left direction and forever in the right direction. This means that the graph covers all possible x-values – we call that all real numbers in algebra. Range: {y ≥ 0} (remember to focus on bottom to top of the graph for range of a continuous graph): Notice that this graph has one endpoint at (0. So. We write the range in interval notation as {y ≥ 0}. Therefore. this graph covers all y-values that are greater than or equal to 0 – there is no stopping point on the upper side of the graph.Example 2 – a continuous graph with only one endpoint (so continues forever in the other direction) Domain: {x ≥ 0} (remember to focus on left to right of the graph for domain of a continuous graph): Notice that this graph has one endpoint at (0. the graph covers all y-values greater than or equal to 0. Therefore. the range would ≤ the yvalue. this graph covers all x-values that are greater than or equal to 0 – there is no stopping point on the right side of the graph. Therefore. Range: {y ≥ 0} (remember to focus on bottom to top of the graph to determine the range of a continuous graph) Notice that the graph’s lowest point is at (0. . we can write the domain in interval notation as: {x = all real numbers}. the domain would be ≤ the x-value. However. then the range would be all real numbers. notice at the top of the graph there are arrows pointing up – this indicates the graph continues in the positive y direction forever. We can write the range in interval notation as: {y ≥ 0}. Example 3 – a continuous graph that has two arrows: Domain: {x = all real numbers} (remember to focus on left to right of the graph to determine the domain for a continuous graph) Notice that this graph has an arrow on the left side of the graph and an arrow on the right side of the graph. We write the domain in interval notation as {x ≥ 0}. 0) (the bottom of the parabola) – indicating that the y-values start at 0. Note: If one of the arrows were pointing up and one of the arrows were pointing down. 0) and an arrow to the right indicating that it continues forever in the positive x direction. Note: If the arrow were pointing to the left. If the arrow were pointing down.

Domain: {-7 ≤ x < 5} Domain: {all real numbers} Domain: {-3 < x < 4} Range: {-3 ≤ y < 1} Function: YES Range: {y ≥ 0} Function: YES CONTINUES ON THE BACK SIDE! Range: {0 ≤ y ≤ 5} Function: YES . _______ 6. _______ 12. Domain: {-4 ≤ x ≤ 4} Domain: {-3 < x ≤ 5} Domain: {-4 ≤ x ≤ 2} Range: Range: Range: {-4 ≤ y ≤ 4} {y = -1} {-2 ≤ y ≤ 4} Function: NO Function: YES Function: YES _______ 4. _______ 2. It gives you examples of domain and range problems just like these. _______ 3. Domain: {x > 0} Domain: {-6 ≤ x ≤ 6} Domain: {x = -5} Range: Range: Range: {y = 4} Function: YES {0 ≤ y ≤ 6} Function: YES {-2 < y < 6} Function: NO _______ 7. Write the letter of your answer in the blank provided for each problem. _______ 8. _______ 11.Name: __________________________________________ Period: _____ Date: __________________ DOMAIN AND RANGE MATCHING ACTIVITY Read the attached page of notes first below beginning this activity. _______ 9. _______ 5. Only use Graphs A – L for this page. _______ 1. Domain: {x ≥ 0} Domain: {-3 ≤ x ≤ 4} Domain: {all real numbers} Range: Range: {all real numbers} {-2 ≤ y ≤ 4} Range: {all real numbers} Function: NO Function: NO Function: YES _______ 10. Match each domain and range given in this table with a graph labeled from A to L on the attached page.

Only use Graphs M to X for this page. Domain: {-4 < x < 5} Domain: {x ≤ 5} Domain: {-7 < x < 0} Range: Range: Range: {-2 ≤ y < 5} Function: YES {y = 0} Function: YES {-3 < y < 4} Function: YES . Domain: {-6 ≤ x ≤ 3} Domain: {0 ≤ x < 5} Domain: {-5 ≤ x < 0} Range: Range: Range: {-6 ≤ y ≤ -1} {0 ≤ y < 7} {-5 < y ≤ -1} Function: YES Function: YES Function: YES _______ 16. _______21.Name: __________________________________________ Period: _____ Date: __________________ DOMAIN AND RANGE MATCHING ACTIVITY Match each domain and range given in this table with a graph labeled from M to X on the attached page. Domain: {x ≤ 0} Domain: {2 ≤ x ≤ 7} Domain: {0 ≤ x ≤ 4} Range: Range: Range: {y ≥ 0} {1 ≤ x ≤ 6} {0 ≤ y ≤ 6} Function: YES Function: NO Function: YES _______ 22. _______ 24. _______ 13. _______ 18. Write the letter of your answer in the blank provided for each problem. _______ 20. Domain: {-6 ≤ x ≤ 3} Domain: {0 ≤ x ≤ 6} Domain: {-4 ≤ x ≤ 7} Range: Range: Range: Function: {-5 ≤ y ≤ -1} YES Function: {0 ≤ y ≤ 7} YES {-7 ≤ y ≤ -2} Function: NO _______ 19. _______ 15. _______ 14. _______ 17. _______ 23.

A B C D E F G H I J K L .USE THESE GRAPHS TO ANSWER QUESTIONS 1 – 12.

USE THESE GRAPHS TO ANSWER QUESTIONS 13 – 24. M N O P Q S T U W X V R .

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