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Sharing the Planet: A Closer Look at

Basic Needs
By: Sandeep Gill, Bergen Leo, Yazmine Grewal, and
Hillary Andru

How humans balance

unequal basic needs affects
the planet.

Food Crises in India

Sandeep Gill

What are Basic Needs and Why Do We Need Them?

Why don't poor people in India have food?

Sandeep Gill

What Causes Starvation in India?

When market owners in India put vegetables,

fruits or meats for a higher rate of money.

Poor people have less money so they cant buy

food when prices are too high.

When farm owners dig deeper wells, they don't

notice that they are actually affecting their food
by salt water.

If poor people can afford to purchase food, it

may be lesser quality and potentially have

Population will be over 1600 million in 2050.

They will not be able to supply food so more

people will be hungry.

What Causes Starvation in India?

When people don't supply jobs to poor

people, they dont realise how much
financial pressure theyre putting on poor
If we do not support non wealthy farmers
that supply a lot of food to the market, they
will have to sell their own farm for money
to meet their own needs. So they can't
supply food to markets.

If the poor don't have jobs they don't get

money. Without money they can't buy
anything to eat or drink.

How Have Food Levels in India

Changed Over Time?

Timeline of food
Development in India
Created by: Sandeep Gill

Early Modern Era


There were many new crops and plants introduced in India during the
time of extensive global discourse.
Rice production started to dominate as well as wheat production.
Land management got stronger during the rule of the Great Akbar.
In the modern era Indians created the Republic of India and developed
a comprehensive agriculture programme.

Colonial British Era


Commercial crops, for example cotton, indigo, rice, and wheat.

A global market was created under the British Raj (Ruler) .
In the 19th century there were some development in the land.
There were some trades that had started with UK created by the British.

Republic of India

Commercial crops, for example cotton, indigo, rice, and wheat were still the
most popular.
A global market was created under the British Raj (ruler).
In the 19th century there was some development in the land.

Interview With My Parents

Created by: Sandeep Gill


Have you ever had any problems growing up without food?

How had food production in India increased over time?
When you were young were people using pesticides and how were they affecting the
Were there any food shortages when you were young?
Which crops were most produced?
What is your perspective of food shortages in India?
How does India compare to your new life in Vancouver?
How is starvation caused?

What I Learned




The people that were wealthy had no starvation problems because they had lots of farmland. The people
that didnt have much farmland starved because they could not buy or grow food.
Food productions had increased a lot overtime, because 30 years ago people were still using agricultural
techniques, 20 years ago people started using more educated technology. New technologies came to India
but they were complicated to use. About 10 years ago new hybrid seed were introduced to India.
Sometimes people will inject needles into their crops to make them bigger or more juicier the injection that
went in were called GMOs. GMOs are really bad for the human body. When they used heavy duty
pesticides, they poisoned the food. They didnt have any food rules or regulations in their time so the buyers
didnt know if the food was organic or not.
85% of all of the villages have had no problems because they depended on their agriculture. When it is
harvesting season in India and a heavy rainfall comes it floods the crop so they can't harvest any more and
it goes to waste. The government also does not provide any good storage so crops rot outside.
The crops that are most produced until now are rice, wheat, peppermint, potato, and vegetables.

What I learned



I learned was that the government in India is partly corrupt, so they are not trying to help people who are
poor by giving food. They also arent building storage areas for food, so the food has to stay outside in the
rain and mud.
The comparison against Canada and India, is that Canada government provides more medical care
facilities- in India they dont provide medical care, even if they do provide medical care you have to pay lots
of money first before you get treated.
Mostly the main thing that caused starvation was no education. Without education you cant get a good job
and without a job you cant get money. If you don't have money then how can you feed yourself and your

Do you eat three meals a


Do you know that people in

India are starving because
of lack of food?

Chinas Air Pollution

Bergen Leo

What are Basic Needs? What is Air Pollution?

Bergen Leo

What causes Air Pollution in China?

China has no global agreements.

Chinas air is being polluted because they are

using their factories to make so many goods for
other countries.

China has more fossil fuel gas emissions than

any other part of the world.

No global agreements means China can pretty

much do whatever and not have to listen to what
other people say about environmental concerns.
When they make these goods from their factories
it shoots gases and chemical out of the factories
and into the atmosphere.
Since China has so many fossil fuel gases
basically anyone could guess that China is
polluted and many people are choosing to
migrate to cleaner environments (if they can).

Bergen Leo


How has China's Air Quality

Changed Over Time?
Bergen Leo

Industrial Revolution:
1700/1800s Industrial Revolution started. The Industrial Revolution is
when people started to develop their country.

The Industrial Revolution started in the 1700s and the 1800s.

The Industrial Revolution was when other countries started to develop
items that they had made and make new items.
The Industrial Revolution is one of my main ideas for change because it
is when most places started developing their country.
The people would build machines to do work. These machines were
powered by coal or steam.

Bergen Leo

Before the Industrial Revolution

Before the Industrial Revolution people worked by hand or use simple

Before people worked at home, on farms, or a small village workshop.
Before people had different transportation like horses and now we have cars.

Bergen Leo

China: After the Industrial Revolution

When China had developed their items and made new types of items it
started to get polluted because they made everything in their factories.
Most of the items that China makes are from their factories produce, then the
factories shoot gases and chemicals into the air.
Other countries demand Chinese goods so China makes them for the other
countries and then China ends up polluting themselves even more.

Bergen Leo

Before: 1990


Shanghai, China is the fastest-growing city in the world.

Shanghai, the largest city by population in the world, has been
growing at a rate of about 10 percent a year the past 20 years,
and now is home to 23.5 million people.

After: 2010


Bergen Leo

My interview with: Mr.

Hammerberg, Cindy, and
Bergen Leo


What is your perspective about Chinas air pollution?

How does Chinas air pollution affect the resources that you need to survive?
Why doesnt China tell other countries that want their goods that when they make
resources it pollutes the air which causes death?
Why doesnt China tell other countries that they have finite resources that they need
them for themselves?

Bergen Leo



Lots of things are cheaper to make in China.

In some places in China you dont even see sunlight because of the
If you pollute all of the air and it starts to rain it affects your water cycle.
Air pollution affects resources like our basic needs.
China knows pollution affects their resources but if they stop making
items they lose money. (China gains a lot of money from resources).
China is a huge country so they need the resources and money.
China will lose money if they want other places to make resources
themselves and people in China will lose jobs.
60 or 70 years ago China was very internal and some white men werent
allowed in some parts of China.
China used to be poor so they needed to work to get money. Before
China didnt have the big economy.



China should reduce factory emissions because its really bad for the environment.
China used to be a rich country but Japan attacked and now China is trying to get
money back by making items and selling them. (The war started somewhere in the
1930s or 1940s)



China's air pollution is really bad and Cindy wishes China can improve it.
China's air pollution kills people and animals.
China wants a stronger country and economy. Also China has a lot of people.
China already thinks they have a lot of resources for themselves.

Do you think air pollution

is good or bad?

Do you know that Chinas

air is polluted?

Bergen Leo

BCs Children's Medical Care

Hillary Andru

What are Basic Needs?

How do kids from
outside Vancouver
get their need for
medical care met?

Hillary Andru

Why is it harder for families from rural communities

to access medical care?


People live all over BC

Some people have trouble getting access

to medical care

Large population in Vancouver

BCCH is in Vancouver

Some people live very far away

The trip to BCCH is very expensive and very hard

on families


1923 - Money is set aside to help disabled children.

1928 - The first BC disabled childrens hospital is opened in Vancouver.

The population of BC is growing. People started living all over BC to work in

industries such as mining, forestry, fisheries, farming and in rural communities.

1955 - Vancouver Easter Seal House opened near VGH. Easter Seals House
provides a low cost, caring place for families with children who need medical
treatment or surgery.
1982 - The existing BCCH opened.


1983 - RMH opened with 13 bedrooms to give families a place to stay while
their kid were in BCCH.
1985 - Easter Seals opened their new house near BCCH.
1995 - Canuck Place childrens hospice opened. Besides offering end of life
care, Canuck Place offers families on its program from out of town a place to
stay while their child has appointments at BCCH.

2007- Future

2007 - Child Health BC is established. This is a network that provides doctors

from rural BC with resources from Vancouver to help patients in their home
2009 - Canuck Place started offering outreach. People could get pediatric
hospice care in their home communities.
2014 - New RMH with 73 bedrooms opens near BCCH.
2014 - RMH opens at Surrey Memorial Hospital.
2014 - The new Tech Acute Care Center takes a major step forward in
2017 - New Canuck Place will be open. It will be called Dave Lede House and
it will be located in Abbotsford.

Do you know anyone that Do you know what RMH

has had to use either one?
or CP is?

Who did I interview?

I emailed my friends mom who works at Canuck Place, a
children's hospice.

Q and A
How do children access medical care if it is not in their community?

Children would need to go their doctor to get a referral to attain specialty services that are most likely run through BC childrens
hospital, Sunnyhill hospital or Canuck place.

What types of care do you think is most commonly needed?

Childrens health care needs often include consults with specialty doctors at BC Childrens. Typically this includes an
assessment, exam, blood work, investigation and advice on medications or possibly surgery.
What is outpatient care?

Outpatient care means you dont get admitted to the hospital but you meet at a clinic in the hospital.

Q and A
Do they need to get referred from their local doctor?

Yes, a referral from their family doctor, pediatrician or nurse practitioner is necessary.

Is there any care that you can think of that is only available in Vancouver?

Some surgeries are only done in Vancouver. For example, if a child needs a heart transplant that has to be done at BCCH.
Children with cancer get most of their treatment at either BC or Victoria.

What makes Canuck Place different than a hospital?


1)Canuck Place is a program that offers care to children ages 0-19 who have illness or conditions that they will likely die of
before they reach full adulthood. Canuck Place offers 1 respite (families can book their child and themselves into the house for
a break).

Q and A

2) Pain and symptom management support this can be done at Canuck Place or at the hospital or at their home. The focus
here is to help them feel better. 3) End of life care children who are at the end of their life need special care from doctors,
nurse and counselors (and other team member including volunteers) so that they can be supported with their pain, fear, and
hopes (for example having a wonderful last Christmas or birthday that has fun and joy)

Who uses Canuck Place?


Any child and family from BC and the Yukon who has a life limiting or life threatening condition.

Whats it like working there?


It is a good place to work. There is sadness here as we all wish that children didnt die but there is also much joy and love and
happiness. Also, I like it because we can decrease people's suffering and sadness but helping them.

Q and A
How long have you worked there?

20 years-since it opened in 1996

How many families can make use of Canuck Place at one time?

We have over 300 children on our program. Only 6-8 children / families are here in the house at any one time but we see
approx 10 children / day at BCCH and we talk to 10-20 families / week who are at home

Does anyone else provide the same service?


There are other childrens hospices in England (we are modeled after Helens house) and there is one in Calgary and one in

Who did I interview?

I emailed a mom of a friend of mine, named Jessica, that has a severe genetic
disease. The disease is called MPS. MPS causes a need for medical care. She
has had over 20 surgeries and a bone marrow transplant.

Q and A
What is MPS?
MPS is short for mucopolysaccharidosis (pronounced: muke o poly sack are ide o sis).
There are different types of MPS MPS 1, MPS 2, MPS 3, MPS 4, MPS 6, MPS 7, and MPS 9.
Jessica has MPS 1. There are three versions of MPS 1: Hurler Syndrome (severe), Hurler-Scheie Syndrome (moderate) and Scheie
Syndrome (mild). Jessica has Hurler Syndrome, the most severe form of MPS 1.
Everyones body is made up of cells. These cells having something called an enzyme. The enzymes job is to break down and recycle
the mucopolysaccharides in the cells. Children who have MPS are missing this enzyme. That means that the mucopolysaccharides
dont get recycled from the cells. Instead they build up in the cells and cause lots of problems throughout the body.
These problems include:
a. Visual impairment MPS makes the cornea cloudy so it is like looking through fog or a piece of wax paper.
b. Hearing impairment

Q and A
c. Hands and fingers MPS causes fingers to curve and bend. It also causes trigger fingers that is where fingers get stuck in a
bent position and cannot straighten. It also causes carpal tunnel syndrome this makes the fingers feel numb or like they are tingling.
d. Feet MPS makes the Achilles tendon short, which causes tippy toe walking.
e. Knees MPS causes knock knees where the legs grow crooked.
f. Hips MPS causes hip dysplasia where the hips do not grow the way they are supposed to.
g. Heart everyones heart has four chambers. Blood pumps through the chambers to the rest of the body. The blood in the heart
flows from chamber to chamber through four different heart valves. The valves open and close, like a door, to make sure that the
blood flows in the proper direction. MPS stops the valves from being able to close at the way, which causes a heart murmur.
h. Respiratory/Lungs children with MPS have reduced lung capacity and often have sleep apnea at night periods of time where
they stop breathing.
i. Spine MPS causes kyphosis (bend) in the spine.

Q and A
j. Neck MPS causes neck instability
k. Stiff joints and limited range of movement.
l. Growth sometimes MPS causes children to not grow as tall as they would otherwise.
It is important to note that MPS affects children differently not all of the above problems may appear in all children. For example,
Jessicas spine, neck and heart have only mild problems and have not required any treatment at this point.

Q and A
How did Jessica get diagnosed with MPS?
A few things led to Jessicas diagnosis. When she was a baby, she had these three main symptoms:
a. She snored loudly and would stop breathing (sleep apnea) when she was sleeping.
b. When she bent her fingers down they would stick and click.
c. When she started walking, she walked on her tippy toes.
We started by seeing the family doctor about her tippy toe walking. She referred us to orthopedics at Childrens Hospital. They took
some x-rays and discovered that Jessica also had hip dysplasia. They didnt know what was causing this, so they referred us to a
The pediatrician also didnt know what was causing the hip dysplasia, or the three problems in a-c above. But the pediatrician knew
something was going on, so he referred us to genetics at Childrens Hospital and to an Ears, Nose and Throat doctor at Childrens

Q and A
We saw the Ears, Nose and Throat doctor first. He was the first one who told us he thought it was MPS. The genetics doctor did
further testing and confirmed that she had MPS 1, Hurler Syndrome.

How many doctors does Jessica have?

Jessica has lots of doctors and medical practioners-18 of them! Here they are:

Eyes - Dr. Lyons

Eyes - Dr. Matsuba
Ears - Dr. Kozak
Feet - Dr. Beauchamp
Knees and Feet - Dr. Cooper
Hands and Fingers - Dr. Verchere
Hips, Neck and Spine - Dr. Miyanji
Heart - Dr. Human
Lungs - Dr. Seear
Respiratory - Dr. Wensley
Oncologist - Dr. Davis
Genetics - Dr. Clarke

13. Pediatrician - Dr. Phang

14. Psychologist - Dr. Stanford
15. Orthodontist - Dr. Loo
Family Doctor - Dr. Izen
17. Endocrinologist - Dr. Stewart
18. Audiologist - Michelle

Q and A
At which facilities does Jessica see doctors or other health care practitioners?
Most of them are at Childrens Hospital. These are the ones that are not at the hospital:
-family doctor private office on Broadway in Vancouver.
-pediatrician private office on Broadway in Vancouver
-audiologist North Delta Public Health Unit, 11245 84 Ave, Delta
-eye doctor at Sunnyhill (which is associated with Childrens Hospital and will be located at the hospital when the new hospital is

How many surgeries has Jessica had?

Jessica has had 21 surgeries and a bone marrow transplant. The full detailed list is at the end of this email, but here is a summary of
her surgeries:

Q and A

Corneal transplants on both eyes;

Hip reconstruction on both hips;
Installation of metal clips and plates in both her knees and in both her feet;
Lengthening of her Achilles heels (both sides)
Multiple hand surgeries trigger fingers, carpal tunnel;
Multiple sets of ear tubes; and
Insertion and removal of a PIC line and a VAD (vascular access device), which were needed for her bone marrow

What kind of adaptations has Jessica had to make?

a. Vision:
MPS causes visual impairment. Jessica was legally blind for much of her life until her corneal transplants. School adaptations were
required for the visual impairment. For example, she used a laptop computer and a camera. She could point the camera at the board
and the picture would appear on her computer and she could enlarge it. Now that she has had the corneal transplants she no longer
needs the camera. However, she still needs enlarged print. She is provided with large print textbooks and reading books. If they are
working on worksheets, they are also enlarged. Other adaptations include ensuring that she is not sitting where a lot of bright sun
comes in the window and sitting close to the front of the classroom.

Q and A
b. Hearing:
MPS also causes hearing impairment. Jessica wears a hearing aid in her left ear. She uses an FM system at school this is where
her teacher wears a microphone and Jessica has an attachment for her hearing aid in her left ear, and a separate ear piece for her
right ear, and the teachers voice goes directly into her ears. She also has an EA at school who ensures that Jessica hears all
instruction properly.
c. Fingers and Hands:
MPS causes carpal tunnel syndrome, and trigger fingers, and curved fingers. This makes it difficult for Jessica to do lots of
writing/printing. Jessica uses a laptop and an ipad at school when she has to do lots of writing. As she gets older, she will probably
use a program that converts speaking to text. She also requires extra time during tests.
d. Walking/Running
MPS causes bone and joint problems. This makes it difficult for Jessica to run and to walk long distances. She uses a wheelchair if
the distance is too great.
e. Gym
Jessicas physical limits make it difficult for her to do gym depending on the particular activity, she does not participate in gym.
f. Recess/Lunch
Jessicas corneal transplants makes her eyes vulnerable. If she were to get hit in the eye, with a ball, or something else, she could
lose the cornea. As a result of this, and because of her other physical limitations, she stays inside at lunch and recess.
g. Fatigue
Jessica sometimes experiences fatigue at school. Her school has a haven a sensory room with a couch where she can have a rest
when needed.

Q and A
If you didnt live in Delta, do you think it would be harder to manage Jessicas
Definitely! With 18 doctors, Jessica regularly has medical appointments at Childrens Hospital last week, for example, we had four
medical appointments on four different days at Childrens Hospital. If we didnt live close to that hospital, it would be very difficult.
While some of her treatment could take place at other health care centres, much of it has to be at Childrens Hospital. For example, we
know a child with MPS who lives in Victoria, and they have to come to Childrens Hospital in Vancouver regularly for certain treatments.

If you lived farther away in Vanderhoof, for example would you try to move
closer to BCCH?


Easter Seals House

Ronald Mcdonald House

The new Teck Acute Care

Center at BCCH

South Sudan's Water Crisis

What are Basic Needs? Why does South Sudan not

have Clean Water?

What caused South Sudans water crisis?



-Climate change.


Hard time getting water because of

the heat.

Wells are wrecked.

Health is affected.

The start of the water crisis (1983)

1983 was when South Sudan had a Civil War with an ongoing conflict
between the forces of government.

Along with that a disease called Cholera also went around in South Sudan.
The disease is found in food or water contaminated by feces from a person
with the infection.


The war finally ended and South Sudan was trying to reconstruct their wells.

People walk 7 hours each way to get water, for a total of a 14 hour walk.

Getting water was hard work because the war ended and the resources were
hard to come across.


South Sudan turned into an independent country.

They tried to get their resources back.

There was a struggle to get clean food, water and trying to get shelter.

New president was Salva Kiir Mayardit.


A new fight was introduced to South Sudans, hospitals were attacked and no
one could sleep for days.

The war started in the capital of Juba, South Sudan then started to spread to
more places.

South Sudan is really trying to recover.

There was a lot of stealing and some war people threatened to damaged
some of the wells that were there so it was hard to get clean water.

My Interview with Oxfam International

Who did I interview:
For my Interview I called Oxfam International in Canada,
Thier phone number is 613-237-5236

My Questions for Oxfam International

For the interview my questions were:

What are your different ways of helping South Sudan to getting fresh and clean


Does this organization have to go to South Sudan to help?


What were the lessons learned from this crisis?


How many people in South Sudan are having trouble in meeting their basic

What I learned from Oxfam International

Their head office is in London and they have global campaign alliances and local

They have a lot of volunteers working for their organization.

Money/ energy/time is wasted for weapons and war.

50% or 60% of the people have access to clean water.

What I have Learned Part 1

The population of South Sudan is 11.3 million.

Also almost half the people there are having a hard time meeting their basic
needs because of war and climate change.

To get proper clean water there are wells and pipes that they need to pump to
get the water.

Sometimes there are trucks which also carry some clean water.

What I Learned Part 2

To get water in some places there is a pump that pumps into a large storage
tank and this travels by pipe to different water points where people can collect
it using a hand pump and jerry-cans.

The water can be there, but the problem is, is that its not clean enough to drink.

They take action by having an office in Juba and several other field offices
throughout the country.

For us to take action we can tell others about the sanitation.

What I Learned Part 3

To help South Sudan sometimes this involves providing training for staff.

Women play a huge part in water because they are the ones who collect it, carry
it, manage it in the household. If they break the water jugs in the middle of the
trip, they need to go back and get the water again.

Did you know that water is a

basic need?

What is your opinion about the

South Sudan Crisis

Rings of Responsibilities

Thank you for listening to our


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