You are on page 1of 45

Study Material Professors Coaching Centre, Madurai.

PROFESSORS COACHING CENTRE, MADURAI


TNPSC GROUP IV

myF - 1
nghUj;Jjy;
nghJj; jkpo;j; Njh;tpy; Nfl;fg;gLk; nghUj;Jjy; vd;Dk; jiyg;gpy; cs;s
tpdhf;fs; gphpT m tpy; cs;s 4 nrhw;fSf;F Vw;w rhpahd nghUSila
nrhw;fSs;s gphptpy; M tpy; ,Ue;J vLj;J rhpahfg; nghUj;Jjy; Ntz;Lk;. xU
nrhy;iyf; nfhLj;J Neubahfg; ;nghUisj; Njh;e;njLf;f vd;w tpdhTk; Nfl;fg;gLfpwJ.
,t;tpdhf;fs; 6-Mk; tFg;G Kjy; 10 Mk; tFg;G tiu cs;s jkpo;g; ghlE}y;fspy;
,Ue;J>

ghlq;fs;

nra;As;gfjpfl;Fg;

gpd;GwKs;s

gFjpfspy;

,Ue;J

Nfl;fg;gLfpd;wd.
vdNt> jkpo;ehL muRg; gzpahsh; Njh;thizak; (TNPSC) elj;Jk; Njh;Tf;F
Vw;g Kf;fpakhd jkpo;r;nrhw;fSk; mtw;wpw;Fhpa nghUs;fSk; <z;L toq;fg;gL
fpd;wd. fPNo nfhLf;fg;ngw;Ws;s nrhw;fSf;Fhpa nghUs;fis ed;F mwpe;J
kdj;jpy; epiyepWj;Jf! mjpf kjpg;ngz;fs; ngw;W ntw;wp ngw;wpLf! vd
tho;j;JfpNwhk;.!

Fwpg;G:
,g;gFjpiag;

nghUe;jhr;

nrhy;iyj;

Njh;e;njLf;f

(myF-5)

vd;w

gFjpAlDk;> xyp NtWghlwpe;J rhpahd nghUswpjy; (myF-8) gFjpAlDk;


epidTgLj;jpg; gapy;f!
1) nghUj;Jjy; : (m) nghUj;jkhd nghUisj; Njh;T nra;jy; (myF-1(m)
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10

mQ;Rfk; - fpsp
mhpit - ngz;> eq;if
mhp - rpq;fk;> jpUkhy;
mis - Fif> Gw;W
mb -ghjk;
mbrpy; - czT
mq;fk; - cWg;G
mw;wJ - nrhpj;jJ
mdy;> moy; - neUg;G
ms;sy; - NrW> eufk;

11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20

mfk; - cs;sk;> cs;Ns


myif - Nga;
mzpak; - neUf;fk;
mUfp -RUq;fp (mUfp x ngUfp)
mOf;fhW - nghwhik
mth - tpUg;gk;
my; - ,uT
myh;jy; - kyh;jy;> tphpjy;
mutk; - ghk;G> Xir

mz;lh; - Njth;

This study material is a part of the courseware of Professors Coaching Centre and is specifically designed for the
usage of candidates enrolled with Professors Coaching Centre, Madurai. All rights to the contents of the
courseware rest with Professors Coaching Centre. No other institute, or individual is authorized or entitled to
reproduce, translate or distribute this courseware in any form.

Study Material Professors Coaching Centre, Madurai.

25
26

mw;W - Nghy (ctkcUG)


moy; - neUg;G
mkh; - Nghh;
msF - Nrty;> fhl;Lf;Nfhop> $ifg; ngil>
Nfhop
mfit - taJ
mz;ik - mUfpy;> gf;fk; (mz;ik x Nra;ik)

27
28

mWFsk; - tw;wpaFsk;
mapy; - Nty;

72
73
74
75
76

29
30
31
32
33
34
35
36
37
38
39
40
41
42
43

mzq;F - ngz;> ngz;nja;tk;


milf;fha; -ghf;F
my;yy; - Jd;gk;
mad; - gpuk;kd;
mkuh; - Njth;
miz -ePHj;Njf;fk;> mizj;Jf;nfhs;
mopKjy;-mopAk; nghUs;
mf;fiw-<LghL> ftdk;
md;d-Nghy (ctk cUG)
mf;fiu-m + fiu-me;jf;fiu (Fsf;fiu> flw;fiu)
mykuk; - epiyfyq;fy;
mw - ,y;yhj > ePf;fk;
miu - ghjp> ,Lg;G
muk;ig - thio
myF - gwitapd; %f;F msT> Jilg;gk;

77
78
79
80
81
82
83
84
85
86
87
88
89
90
91

44
45
46
47
48
49
50
51
52

mjph;fly; - xypf;Fk; fly;


mz;b - neUq;fp
mzp - moF> mzpfyd;
mtyk; - Jd;gk;
mjh; - top
mKjk; - mkpo;jk;> FSik
myq;fy; - khiy
mfe;ij - Mztk;
mzq;F- jpUkfs;

53

myh;-kyh;

54

md;dk; - xUgwit> NrhW

55

mz;zk; - Nky;jhil Nky; tha;

56

msp - mUs;> nfhil> nfhL

57

myp - NgL> Ngb

58

Muk; - khiy

92
93
94
95
96
97
98
99
10
0
10
1
10
2
10
3
10
4
10
5
10
6

21
22
23
24

68
69
70
71

Mr;rp - jha;
MFyk; - Muthuk;> ftiy
Mtzk; - rPl;L
Mjp ehs; - Kjy;ehs;
(Qhapw;Wf;fpoik)
Mlfk; - nghd;
MH - epiwe;j
MhpUs; - eufk;
Mh;f;Fk; - gpzpf;Fk;
MUaph; - mhpa caph; (mUik +
caph;)
Mw;wTk; - kpfTk;
Mw;wy; - jpwik
Mjtd; -fjptud;
,ir - Gfo;> gz;
,jo; - g+tpjo;> cjL
,y;yhh; - twpahh;
,iz - Nrh;> ,uz;L (N[hb)
,zh; - nfhj;J
,d;ik - tWik> ,y;yhik
,ire;j - nghUj;jkhd xj;Jf;nfhz;l
,y;yplk; - ,y;yk;> tPL
,wit - Vzp
,iw - ,iwtd;> flTs;> murd;
,d;dh - Jd;gk; ( ,d;dh x ,dpa)
,sNtdpy;-tre;jk;>(ngUk;nghOJ fSs;
xd;W)
,y; - tPL> ,y;iy
,fy; - Nghh;> NtWghL> gif
,Of;F - Fw;wk;> gop
,d;dy; - Jd;gk;
,lh; - Jd;gk;
,Lf;fz; - Jd;gk;
,ila+W - Jd;gk;> njhe;jT
,Lk;ig - Jd;gk;
,e;J - re;jpud;
,lq;fh; - Kjiy
,yq;fpaJ - tpsq;fpaJ
,ujk; - Njh;
,optpy; - fsq;fkw;w (,opT + ,y;)
,iwQ;R - tzq;F
,Wk; - KwpAk;

This study material is a part of the courseware of Professors Coaching Centre and is specifically designed for the
usage of candidates enrolled with Professors Coaching Centre, Madurai. All rights to the contents of the
courseware rest with Professors Coaching Centre. No other institute, or individual is authorized or entitled to
reproduce, translate or distribute this courseware in any form.

Study Material Professors Coaching Centre, Madurai.


59

Mop - Nkhjpuk;> fly;> rf;fuk;

60

Mjp - Kjy;

61

me;jk; - KbT

62
63

Mh;fyp - fly;
MHtyh; - md;GilNahh;

64
65
66
67
116

MW - ejp> top> newp


Mfbak; - Vsdk;
Mf;fk; - nry;tk;> ngUf;fk;
Mfk; - cly;
<Dk; - jUk;

117

<l;lk; - njhFjp

118

<W - ,Wjp

119

<d;W - ngw;W

120

cud; - jpz;zpa mwpT> typik

121

cjpuk; -FUjp> ,uj;jk;

122

cs;sk; - Cf;fk;> (kdntOr;rp)

123

cs;s - epidf;f

124

cs;StJ - epidg;gJ

125

cs;shd; - ,Uf;fpwhd; (cld;ghL)


epidf;fkhl;lhd; (vjph;kiw)

126

cthp - fly;

127

cth;epyk; - fsh;epyk;

128

cfph; - efk;

129

cow;wp- nra;J

130

cuT-typik

131

cwT-nrhe;jk;

132

cFePH-xOFk;ePH

10
7
10
8
10
9
110
111
112
113
114
115
16
6
16
7
16
8
16
9
17
0
17
1
17
2
17
3
17
4
17
5
17
6
17
7
17
8
17
9
18
0
18
1
18
2
18

,Wk;g+J - tpag;G> ctif


,Tsp - Fjpiu
,e;jdk; - tpwF
,y;ypf;Flk; - Xl;ilf;Flk;
,Uepyk; - nghpa epyk; (,Uik +
epyk;)
< - nfhL> XUaphp
<jy; - nfhLj;jy;
<if - nfhil
<uk; - md;G> ,uf;fk;> kio
vhp - neUg;G
vz;zp - Muha;e;J
Vh; - fyg;ig> moF
Vj;Jk; - Nghw;Wk;
Vjk; - Jd;gk;> Fw;wk;
VJ - fhuzk;
VW- fhis> rpq;fk;
Vkhg;G - fhJfhg;G
Vohy; - ahopir
Iuhtzk; - ahid
Iad; - jiytd;
Iia - jha;
Iak; - re;Njfk;> mr;rk;
xWj;jy; - jz;bj;jy;
xj;Jk; - GfOk;
xy;iy - tpiue;J
xd;dhh; - gifth;
xw;fk; - tWik

This study material is a part of the courseware of Professors Coaching Centre and is specifically designed for the
usage of candidates enrolled with Professors Coaching Centre, Madurai. All rights to the contents of the
courseware rest with Professors Coaching Centre. No other institute, or individual is authorized or entitled to
reproduce, translate or distribute this courseware in any form.

Study Material Professors Coaching Centre, Madurai.

133

cz;b-czT

134

csT-xw;W

135

cLf;if-Mil

136

ca;j;J -nrYj;jp

137

ca;tpj;J-gpiof;fr;nra;J

138

ck;gh; -Njth;

139

cghak; - toptif

140

cw;Wop - Jd;Gwk; fhyj;jpy;

141

cW-kpFjp> chpr;nrhy;

142

ciufy; - fl;lisf;fy;

143

ctif - kfpo;r;rp

144

Copak; - njhz;L

145

Cd; - ,iwr;rp

146

Cz; - czT

147

Cop - cyfk;

148

CW - Jd;gk;

149

CHjp - tz;b

150

Co; - tpjp

151

Cf;fk; - kdntOr;rp

152

vopy; - moF

153

vopyp - Nkfk;

154

vopdp - jpiur;rPiy> ciw ( Screen)

155

vU - cuk;

156

vUj;jk; - gplhp

3
18
4
18
5
18
6
18
7
18
8
18
9
19
0
19
1
19
2
19
3
19
4
19
5
19
6
19
7
19
8
19
9
20
0
20
1
20
2
20
3
20
4
20
5
20
6
20

xUik - xUgpwg;G
vOik - Vogpwg;G
,k;ik - ,g;gpwg;G
kWik - kWgpwg;G
xz;jhh; - xspkpf;fkyh; khiy
xhP, - ePf;fp
Xjp- fw;W> $e;jy;
Xjy; - fw;wy;
xsljk; - kUe;J
xstpak; - nghwhik
fsp - kfpo;r;rp
fhp - ahid> mLg;Gf;fhp
ftp - ftpij> Fuq;F
fb - tpiue;J> chpr;nrhy;
fLfp - tpiue;J
fbkhiy- kzkpf;fkhiy
fbefh;-fhty;kpf;fefh;
fbNty;-$h;ikahdNty;
fUiz - mUs;
fjputd;-#hpad;
fdy; -neUg;G
fypq;fk; - Mil
fspW> fsgk; -ahid
fio-%q;fpy;> fUk;G

This study material is a part of the courseware of Professors Coaching Centre and is specifically designed for the
usage of candidates enrolled with Professors Coaching Centre, Madurai. All rights to the contents of the
courseware rest with Professors Coaching Centre. No other institute, or individual is authorized or entitled to
reproduce, translate or distribute this courseware in any form.

Study Material Professors Coaching Centre, Madurai.

157

vy; - gfy;

158

vk;gp - jk;gp

159

vd;G - vYk;G

160
161

vj;jdk; - Kaw;rp
vspJ - Rygk;> vspik (vspJ xmhpJ)

162

va;Jth; - milth;

163

vs;sy; - ,fo;jy;

164

vapy; - kjpy;> Nfhl;il

165

vapW - gy;

217

fd;dy; - fUk;G> ,dpik

218

foW - $W

219
220
221

fq;Fy; - ,uT
fjo;T - gifik
fKF- ghf;Fkuk;

222

flk; - fhL

223

fzpif - nghJkfs;> nghUl;ngz;bh;

224

fisjy; -ePf;Fjy;

225

fyhgk; - Njhif

226

fth; - tQ;rfk;> #J

227

fh -Nrhiy

228

fhyd; - vkd;

229

fhy; - fhw;W

230

fhdk; - fhL

231

fhdfk; - ghl;L

232

fhrpdp - epyk;

7
20
8
20
9
21
0
211
21
2
21
3
21
4
21
5
21
6
26
6
26
7
26
8
26
9
27
0
27
1
27
2
27
3
27
4
27
5
27
6
27
7
27
8
27
9
28
0

fay;-kPd;
frL-Fw;wk;> gOJ
fy;yis-Fif (fy;+ mis)
fyk;-fg;gy;> Flk;> gd;dpuz;L
fsk; - ,lk;
fodp - tay;
fiy - Mz;khd;> mwpTf;fiy
fis-ePf;F> Ntz;lhj Gy;g+z;L
fdfk; - nghd;> jq;fk;
nfhk;G - kuf;fpis
nfhg;gpd;wp - NtWghbd;wp
nfhz;ly; - Nkfk;> fpof;fpy; ,Ue;J
tUk; fhw;W.
Nfhij - khiy
Nfhwy; - nfhiy
NfhJ - Fw;wk;
Nfhyk; - moF
ifk;khW - vjph;cjtp
ifkhw;W - iff;fld;
nfhw;wtd; - murd;
Nfh - murd;
nfshp- ghh;tjp> gj;JtaJg; ngz;
ruzk; - milf;fyk;
rq;fud; - rptd;
ryk; - tQ;rid> ngha;

This study material is a part of the courseware of Professors Coaching Centre and is specifically designed for the
usage of candidates enrolled with Professors Coaching Centre, Madurai. All rights to the contents of the
courseware rest with Professors Coaching Centre. No other institute, or individual is authorized or entitled to
reproduce, translate or distribute this courseware in any form.

Study Material Professors Coaching Centre, Madurai.


233

fhh; - kio> fUik> Nkfk;

234

fPHj;jp - ngUik> Gfo;

235

fPud; - ef;fPud;

236

Fdpj;j- tise;j

237

FUF - gwit> ehiu

238

FUis - eha;> gd;wp> rpq;fk;> Kay;


Mfpatw;wpd; Fl;b

239

Foy; - $e;jy;

240

Fotp - Foe;ij

241

Fwq;F - njhil

242

Futh; - ngw;Nwhh;

243

FUR> FWf;if> FUrpy; - rpYit

244

Ffd; - KUfd;

245

Fit - Ftpay;

246

FtL - kiy

247

FWeif - Gd;dif

248

FZq;fh; - ,ope;Njhh;

249

$ - g+kp

250

$w;W - Ngr;R

251

$w;Wtd; - vkd;

252

$yk; - jhdpak;

253

$w;wk; - vkd;

254

$iu - tPl;L Nky;jl;L

255

$iw - Glit

28
1
28
2
28
3
28
4
28
5
28
6
28
7
28
8
28
9
29
0
29
1
29
2
29
3
29
4
29
5
29
6
29
7
29
8
29
9
30
0
30
1
30
2
30
3
30

rof;F - g+ry;> rz;il


rk;G - Gjpdk; (ehty;)
ryth; - tQ;rfh;
rh -,w
rhy;G - rhd;whz;ik
rhh;G - Jiz
rhy; - cOjy;
rhkiu> rhkuk; - tprpwp
rpe;ij - kdk;
rptpif - gy;yf;F
rpj;jk; - kdk;
rpjy; - fiwahd;> <ry;
rpd;dPH - (rpWik + ePH =
rpWePH)
rPH - Gfo;> ngUik> xOq;F
rPHik - tpOg;gk;
rPHj;j - rpwg;Gila
rPyk; - xOf;fk;
RUk;G - tz;L
Rlh; - xsp
nrt;Nts; - KUfd;
nra; - tay;
nrW - tay;
nrU - Nghh;
nrWeh; - gifth;

This study material is a part of the courseware of Professors Coaching Centre and is specifically designed for the
usage of candidates enrolled with Professors Coaching Centre, Madurai. All rights to the contents of the
courseware rest with Professors Coaching Centre. No other institute, or individual is authorized or entitled to
reproduce, translate or distribute this courseware in any form.

Study Material Professors Coaching Centre, Madurai.

256

Nfz;ik - el;G

257

Nfsph; - cwtpdh;

258

Nftpl - tUe;jpl

259

Nfby; - Fw;wkpy;yhj> moptpy;yhj


(NfL+ ,y;)

260

NfhJ - Fw;wk;

261
262

Nfhykapy; - mofpa kapy;

263

Nfhg;G-Mtz ,Ug;Giw ( File)

264

nfhOed; - fztd;

265

nfhy;iy - Ky;iyepyk;

316

Nrhkd; - re;jpud;

317

Qkyp - eha;

318

QpkpW - NjdP> tz;L

319

QhapW - fjputd;

320

Qhz; - fapW

321

Qhdk; - mwpT

322

Qhyk; - cyfk;

323

jltiu - mfd;w kiy

324

jis - fl;L> tpyq;F (iftpyq;F)

325

jt;it - %Njtp

326

jsit - Ky;iy

327

jz;ik - FSik (jz;ik X ntk;ik)

328

jj;ij - fpsp

NfhL - ahidj;je;jk;> rpfuk;> kuf;fpis

4
30
5
30
6
30
7
30
8
30
9
31
0
311
31
2
31
3
31
4
31
5
36
7
36
8
36
9
37
0
37
1
37
2
37
3
37
4
37
5
37
6
37
7
37
8
37
9

nrw;wy; - mopj;jy;
nrw;wk; - rpdk;
nra;Nahs; - jpUkfs;
nrdpf;Fk; - Njhd;Wk;> gpwf;Fk;
nrt;tp - jFe;j fhyk;
nrk;khe;J - ngUkpjj;NjhL
Nra; - Foe;ij> njhiyT
Nra;ik - njhiyT (Nra;ik x mz;ik)

Nrb - Njhop
Nrhud; - jpUld;
Nrhfhg;gh; - Jd;GWth;
ey;Fk; - jUk;
eLtzuR -ikamuR
ed;dak; -ed;ik
ez;Zjy;-neUq;Fjy;
eiw-Njd;
eiu-ntz;kaph;
edp -kpFjp> chpr;nrhy;
etpy;njhWk;-fw;Fk;njhWk;
ej;jk; -nry;tk;
euT-Njd;
ehtha;-fg;gy;> glF
ehdpyk; -cyF
ehzk; - ntl;fk;

This study material is a part of the courseware of Professors Coaching Centre and is specifically designed for the
usage of candidates enrolled with Professors Coaching Centre, Madurai. All rights to the contents of the
courseware rest with Professors Coaching Centre. No other institute, or individual is authorized or entitled to
reproduce, translate or distribute this courseware in any form.

Study Material Professors Coaching Centre, Madurai.


329

jU - kuk;

330

jUf;F - nrUf;F

331

juzp - cyfk;

332

jD - tpy;

333

jhij - je;ij

334

jhs; - Kaw;rp (Kay;)> ghjk;

335

jhh; - khiy

336

jhid - gil

337

jhy; - ehf;F

338

jhshz;ik - Kaw;rp

339

jho; - gzp (gzpT) g+l;L (tpidr;nrhy;)

340

jpiu - miy> jpiur;rPiy

341

jpwy; - typik

342

jpU - nry;tk;> Nkd;ik

343

jpiz - xOf;fk;>kpfr;rpwpa msT

344

jpz;zk; - cWjp

345

jpd;ik - typik> jPik

346

jpaq;fp - kaq;fp

347

jPAop-eufk;

348

Jg;G-czT>gtsk;

349

Jg;gl;b-Nghh;it

350

Jb-cLf;if

351

Japy;-cwf;fk;> J}f;fk;

352

J}q;fp-mire;J

38
0
38
1
38
2
38
3
38
4
38
5
38
6
38
7
38
8
38
9
39
0
39
1
39
2
39
3
39
4
39
5
39
6
39
7
39
8
39
9
40
0
40
1
40
2
40
3

epUgh; - murh;
epiu -$l;lk; (Mepiu-gRf;$l;lk;)
epuy;-thpir
epNtjdk;-gilay; mKJ
epfh;-rkk;
ePs;tpRk;G-mfd;wthdk;
ePuth;-mwpTilahh;
Ejy; - new;wp
Ezy; - jtis
EZf;fk; - El;gk;
newp-top
nefpo-cUf
nefpop-cUFnghUs;
neha;ik - nkd;ik
nehk;gyk; - Jd;gk;
gy;ytd; -el;G
ghpjp -fjputd;
guhtp - tzq;fp
gzp-Fsph;
gzp-Ntiy>jho;e;J Ngh
ghp-Fjpiu
gb-epyk;> fy;> (tp.nry;)>efy;>
Xh;msit

gq;fak; - jhkiu
glh; -Jah;

This study material is a part of the courseware of Professors Coaching Centre and is specifically designed for the
usage of candidates enrolled with Professors Coaching Centre, Madurai. All rights to the contents of the
courseware rest with Professors Coaching Centre. No other institute, or individual is authorized or entitled to
reproduce, translate or distribute this courseware in any form.

Study Material Professors Coaching Centre, Madurai.


353

njq;F - Njq;fha;

354

Njuh - Muhahj

355

Njwy; - Njd;

356

njhd;ik - goik

357

njhOk;gh; - njhz;lh;

358

njhil-khiy

359

njha;T-,isg;G

360
361

eak; -,d;gk;
eypT-NfL

362

ed;dPH-J}a ePH (ed;ik + ePH)

363

eif - rphpg;G> mzpfyd;

364

ey;FuT - tWik

365

ey;F - nfhL

366

eFjy;-rphpj;;jy;

418

gPL - ngUik

419

gPyp - kapy;Njhif

420

gPio - Jd;gk;

421

Gtp - cyfk;

422

Gdy; - ePH

423

Gfh; - tpil> kWnkhop

424

Gid - njg;gk;>

425

Gfy; - $W

426

Giu - Fw;wk;

427

Gj;Njs; cyf - Njth; cyF

428

Gtdk; - cyfk;

40
4
40
5
40
6
40
7
40
8
40
9
41
0
411
41
2
41
3
41
4
41
5
41
6
41
7
46
9
47
0
47
1
47
2
47
3
47
4
47
5
47
6
47
7
47
8
47

gz;L - Kw;fhyk;> goq;fhyk;


ge;jid - Mir
guhguk; -,iwtd;
godk; - tay;
guit-fly;
gdpj;j-Fsph;e;j
gJik-nghk;ik
ghh;-fhz;> cyfk;
gpzT-ngz;
gpb-ngz;ahid> ifahy;gw;W
gpiz-ngz;khd;
gpwo;e;J-newp jtwp>jlk;Guz;L
gpzf;F - rz;il
gpio -Fw;wk;> gop
kwth;> ks;sh; - tPuh;
klthh; - ngz;fs;
kQ;iQ-kapy;
kjp - mwpT> re;jpud;> kjpj;Jel
kJuk; - ,dpik
kU-kzk;
klq;fy; - rpq;fk;
klehF - ,sk;gR
kotpil - ,sq;fhis
kd;Daph; - epiyngw;wcaph;
kyh;jiy - gue;j

This study material is a part of the courseware of Professors Coaching Centre and is specifically designed for the
usage of candidates enrolled with Professors Coaching Centre, Madurai. All rights to the contents of the
courseware rest with Professors Coaching Centre. No other institute, or individual is authorized or entitled to
reproduce, translate or distribute this courseware in any form.

Study Material Professors Coaching Centre, Madurai.

429

GfNuhd;-Rf;fpud;

430

Gs;-gwit

431

GspQh; - Ntlh;

432

Gyk; - mwpT

433

Gutyh; - fhtyh;> kd;dh;

434

Gutp - Fjpiu

435

G+z;L - Xh; czTg;nghUs;> mzpe;J

436

G+jyk; - cyfk;

437

G+fk;-ghf;Fkuk;

438

ngw;wk; -gR

439

Ngil-ngz;gwit

440

NgW-nry;tk;

441

Ngijahh; - mwptpyhh;

442

igq;$o;-gRikg;gaph;

443

ig-gRik> ghk;Gg;glk;

444

igAs; - ftiy

445

nghd;dp -fhNthp

446

nghd;Wk; -mopAk;

447

nghyk; - moF

448

nghJk;gh; - Nrhiy

449

nghopy; - Nrhiy

450

nghiw - nghWik

451

nghUeh; -gifth;

452

nghUJjy; - rz;ilaply;

9
48
0
48
1
48
2
48
3
48
4
48
5
48
6
48
7
48
8
48
9
49
0
49
1
49
2
49
3
49
4
49
5
49
6
49
7
49
8
49
9
50
0
50
1
50
2
50

10

Kjiy - Foe;ij
kiy - nghWg;G> Fd;W> ntw;G
kh-nghpa> chpr;nrhy;> tpyq;F>
khkuk;
khhp-kio
khR-Fw;wk;
khJ-ngz;
khL-nry;tk;
khepjp -ngUe;nry;tk;
khz;G-ngUik
khud;-kd;kjd;
khf;fs; - tpyq;Ffs;
khUjk; - fhw;W
khUjp - mDkd;
khe;jh; - kdpjh;
khz - kpfTk; - chpr;nrhy;
khs-ePq;f
kha;tJ-moptJ
KUF-moF
Kfpy;-Nkfk;
Kif-nkhl;L>mUk;G
KdpT-rpdk;
%-goik
%J}h;-goikahdCh;(KJik + Ch;)
nka;-cz;ik> cly;> nka;naOj;J

This study material is a part of the courseware of Professors Coaching Centre and is specifically designed for the
usage of candidates enrolled with Professors Coaching Centre, Madurai. All rights to the contents of the
courseware rest with Professors Coaching Centre. No other institute, or individual is authorized or entitled to
reproduce, translate or distribute this courseware in any form.

Study Material Professors Coaching Centre, Madurai.

453

ngha;if-Fsk;

454

Nghfk; - ,d;gk;

455

NghJ - mUk;G

456

ngstk;-fly;

457

ky;yy; -tsk;

458

kb - Nrhk;gy;

459

kwp - ML>khd;

460
461

ke;jp - Fuq;F
kiu - khd;

462

kUq;fp - gf;fk;

463

kwk; - tPuk; (kwk; x mwk;)

464

kd; - kd;dd;

465

kd;gij-kf;fs; $l;lk;

466

kle;ij - ngz;

467

kJfuk; - NjdP

468

koiy - Foe;ij

520

tre;jk; - ,sNtdpy;

521

tsp - fhw;W

522

ty;iy - tpiue;J

523

tJit - jpUkzk;

524

tz;ik-ts;sy;jd;ik> nfhil

525

ts;is - cyf;ifg;ghl;L

526

tdg;G - vopy;> nghypT

527

tz;zk; - epwk;> moF

3
50
4
50
5
50
6
50
7
50
8
50
9
51
0
511
51
2
51
3
51
4
51
5
51
6
51
7
51
8
51
9
53
6
53
7
53
8
53
9
54
0
54
1
54
2
54
3

11

Nkjp-vUik
Nkdp-cly;
Nktp-nghUe;jp
NkU-,kak;
Nkop-fyg;ig
Nkhyp-%b
ik-mQ;rdk;> fUik> ,Us;
ah-xUtifkuk;> ahit> fl;Ljy;
ahkk; - ,uT
ahf;if - cly;
tstd; -Nrhod;
tytd; - Xl;Lgtd;
tdk; - fhL
tiu - kiy> tiujy;
tir - Fw;wk;> gop
tl;L- #jhl;lf;fUtp
tpGjh; - Gjy;th;
tpOg;gk; - rpwg;G
tPW - ngUik
ntw;G - kiy
ntWf;if - Cf;fk; (kdntOr;rp)
ntFsp - rpdk;
nta;Nahd; - fjputd;
Ntzp - ril

This study material is a part of the courseware of Professors Coaching Centre and is specifically designed for the
usage of candidates enrolled with Professors Coaching Centre, Madurai. All rights to the contents of the
courseware rest with Professors Coaching Centre. No other institute, or individual is authorized or entitled to
reproduce, translate or distribute this courseware in any form.

Study Material Professors Coaching Centre, Madurai.


528

thiy - ,sik

529

thif - ntw;wp

530

thtp - Fsk;

531

tpRk;G -thdk;

532

tpOkk; - rpwg;G

533

tpiojy; - tpUk;Gjy;

534
535

tpwy; - ntw;wp
tpir - tpiuT

54
4
54
5
54
6
54
7
54
8
54
9

12

Nta;> Ntuy; - %q;fpy;


Ntq;flk; - jpUkiy
Ntok; - ahid
Ntshz;ik - cjtp> tptrhak;
itak; - cyfk;
itFk; - jq;Fk;.

myF 1 (m) nghUj;Jjy;


(nghUj;jkhd nghUisj; Njh;T nra;jy;)
khjphp tpdhf;fs;
nghUj;jkhd nghUswpe;J nghUj;Jf.
nghUj;Jf

1
1
2
3
4
tpil : M

fodp
ngw;wk;
fpisQh;
rptpif

m) gR
M) gy;yf;F
,) tay;
<) cwtpdh;

FwpaPLfs;
m)
M)
,)
<)

nghUj;Jf

2
1
2
3
4
tpil : m

,e;J
ghpjp
Gutp
Gdy;

m) ePH
M) Fjpiu
,) fjputd;
<) re;jpud;

1
2
3
4
tpil : ,
4
1
2
3

fhp
ghp
nrU
nrW

m) tay;
M) Nghh;
,) Fjpiu
<) ahid

m)
M)
,)
<)

ahid
nkhl;L
rpdk;

M
,
<
,

,
m
,
m

m
<
M
M

<
M
M
<

<
<
m
,

,
M
,
M

M
,
M
M

M
M
<
<

FwpaPLfs;
m)
M)
,)
<)

nghUj;Jf
KdpT
fspW
Futh;

FwpaPLfs;

nghUj;Jf

<
,
<
M

M
<
,
m

,
m
M
<

m
M
m
,

FwpaPLfs;
m)
M)
,)

M
,
,

,
M
m

<
<
M

m
M
<

This study material is a part of the courseware of Professors Coaching Centre and is specifically designed for the
usage of candidates enrolled with Professors Coaching Centre, Madurai. All rights to the contents of the
courseware rest with Professors Coaching Centre. No other institute, or individual is authorized or entitled to
reproduce, translate or distribute this courseware in any form.

Study Material Professors Coaching Centre, Madurai.


4 Kif
tpil : M
5

M) Kjy;

M) fUik

<

,) new;wp

<) Efh;jy;

,) Neh;ik

<) nkd;ik

kjp vd;gjd; rhpahd nghUs; ______

m) Njh;e;njL
tpil : ,

M)fjputd;

,) re;jpud;

nghUj;Jf

8
1
2
3
4
tpil : m

td;ik
jd;ik
tz;ik
jz;ik

m) ,ay;G
M) typik
,) FSik
<) nfhil

1
2
3
4
tpil : ,

typ
top
tsp
tpsp

m) mio
M) fhw;W
,) ghij
<) Ntjid

<) g+kp

FwpaPLfs;
m)
M)
,)
<)

nghUj;Jf

rhpahd nghUs; ahJ? ik

m) cz;ik
tpil : M
7

<)

rhpahd nghUisj; Njh;e;njLf;f. Ejy;

m) EiuaPuy;
tpil : ,
6

ngw;Nwhh;

13

M
m
<
<

M
M
,
,

<
<
M
M

,
,
m
m

FwpaPLfs;
m)
M)
,)
<)

M
<
<
,

,
,
,
m

<
m
M
<

m
M
m
M

Nfsph; vd;gjd; rhpahd nghUs;

m)kfsph;
tpil : ,

M) NfshjPH

,) cwtpdh;

<) Nfl;gPh;

myF 1 (M) nghUj;Jjy;


M) Gfo; ngw;w E}y; - E}yhrphpah;
Fwpg;G : ,g;gFjpapy; Nfl;fg;gLk; tpdhf;fSf;F tpilaspf;f ,yf;fpaq;fs; Fwpj;J
njhpe;Jnfhs;sy; ,d;wpaikahjjhFk;. rq;f ,yf;fpaq;fs;> gjpndz;fPo;f;fzf;F E}y;fs;>
Ik;ngUq;fhg;gpaq;fs;> IQ;rpW fhg;gpaq;fs;> rpw;wpyf;fpaq;fs;> ,yf;fz E}y;fs;>
,f;fhy ,yf;fpaq;fspy; ehlfq;fs;> Gjpdq;fs;> rpWfijfs;> ftpij E}y;fs; Mfpad Fwpj;Jk;

This study material is a part of the courseware of Professors Coaching Centre and is specifically designed for the
usage of candidates enrolled with Professors Coaching Centre, Madurai. All rights to the contents of the
courseware rest with Professors Coaching Centre. No other institute, or individual is authorized or entitled to
reproduce, translate or distribute this courseware in any form.

Study Material Professors Coaching Centre, Madurai.

14

mtw;wpd; Mrphpah;fs; Fwpj;Jk; njhpe;Jnfhs;s Ntz;baJ kpfTk; ,d;wpaikahjJ. mjw;F>


fPo;f;fhZk; ml;ltizfs; JizGhpAk;. xt;nthU jiyg;ghff; fw;W epidtpy; epWj;Jf.

rq;f ,yf;fpaq;fs;:
vl;Lj;njhif E}y;fSk; gj;Jg;ghl;L E}y;fSk; rq;f ,yf;fpaq;fshFk;. njhy;fhg;gpak;
vd;w E}y; rq;f ,yf;fz E}yhFk;.
vl;Lj;njhif E}y;fisg; gyE}WGyth;fs; ,aw;wpAs;sdh;. ,tw;wpw;Fj; njhFj;Njhh;
ngah;fNs cz;L.

vl;Lj;njhif E}y;fs;
1. ew;wpiz
5. ghpghly;

2. FWe;njhif 3.Iq;FWE}W
6. fypj;njhif 7. mfehD}W

4.gjpw;Wg;gj;J
8. GwehD}W

gj;Jg;ghl;L E}y;fSk; - ,aw;wpNahUk;


1. jpUKUfhw;Wg;gil
2. nghUeuhw;Wg;gil
3. rpWghzhw;Wg;gil
4. ngUk;ghzhw;Wg;gil
5. $j;juhw;Wg;gil (kiygLflhk;)6. Ky;iyg;ghl;L
7. kJiuf;fhQ;rp
8. neLey;thil
9. FwpQ;rpg;ghl;L
10.
gl;bdg;ghiy

ef;fPuh;
Klj;jhkf;fz;zpahh;
ej;jj;jdhh;
cUj;jpuq;fz;zdhh;
ngUq;nfsrpfdhh;.

ek;g+jdhh;
khq;Fb kUjdhh;
ef;fPuh;
fgpyh;
cUj;jpuq;fz;zdhh;.

gjpndz;fPo;f;fzf;F E}y;fs; :
1. ehybahh;
rkz Kdpth;fs;
2. ehd;kzpf;fbif
tpsk;gp ehfdhh;
3. ,d;dh ehw;gJ
fgpyh;
4. ,dpait ehw;gJ
kJiuj; jkpohrphpah; kfdhh; g+jQ;Nre;jdhh;
5. jphpfLfk;
ey;yhjdhh;
6. Mrhuf; Nfhit
ngUthapd; Ks;spahh;
7. gonkhop
Kd;Wiuaiuadhh;
8. rpWgQ;r%yk;
fhhpahrhd;
9. Vyhjp
fzpNkjhtpahh;
10.
KJnkhopf;fhQ;rp
kJiuf; $lY}h;f;fpohh;
11.
Kg;ghy; (jpUf;Fws;)
jpUts;Sth;
12.
Ie;jpiz Ik;gJ
khwd; nghiwadhh;
13.
jpiznkhop Ik;gJ
fz;zd; Nre;jdhh;
14.
Ie;jpiz vOgJ
%thjpahh;
15.
jpizkhiy E}w;iwk;gJ fzpNkjhtpahh;
16.
ife;epiy
Gy;yq;fhldhh;
17.
fhh; ehw;gJ
fz;zd; $j;jdhh;
18.
fstop ehw;gJ
ngha;ifahh;.
Ik;ngUq;fhg;gpaq;fs;
This study material is a part of the courseware of Professors Coaching Centre and is specifically designed for the
usage of candidates enrolled with Professors Coaching Centre, Madurai. All rights to the contents of the
courseware rest with Professors Coaching Centre. No other institute, or individual is authorized or entitled to
reproduce, translate or distribute this courseware in any form.

Study Material Professors Coaching Centre, Madurai.


1.
2.
3.
4.
5.

rpyg;gjpfhuk;
kzpNkfiy
rPtfrpe;jhkzp
tisahgjp
Fz;lyNfrp

IQ;rpW fhg;gpaq;fs;
1. cjaz Fkhufhtpak;
2. ehf Fkhu fhtpak;
3. aNrhju fhtpak;
4. ePyNfrp
5. #shkzp

15

,sq;Nfhtbfs;
kJiuf; $ythzpfs; rPj;jiyr;rhj;jdhh;
jpUj;jf;fj;Njth;
ngah; mwpe;jpyh;
ehFjj;jdhh;.

Mrphpah; ngah; mwpag;gltpy;iy.

Njhyhnkhopj; Njth;

Mrphpah; ngah; mwpag;glh E}y;fs;


1. Kj;njhs;shapuk;
2. ee;jpf; fyk;gfk;
3. jkpo;tpL J}J
4. cjazFkhufhtpak;
5. ehfFkhu fhtpak;
6. ePyNfrp
7. tisahgjp
itzt ,yf;fpaq;fs; ( gd;dpU Mo;thh;fs;)
t.vz;
1
2
3
4
5

Mrphpah;fs;
(Mo;thh;fs;)
G+jj;jho;thh;
ngha;ifaho;thh;
Ngaho;thh;
jpUg;ghzho;th;
jpUkopir Mo;thh;

E}y;fs;
Kjy; jpUte;jhjp
,uz;lhk; jpUte;jhjp
%d;whk; jpUte;jhjp
mkydhjpg;gpuhd; gjpfk;
jpUr;re;j tpUj;jk;> ehd;Kfd;

jpUkhy;
mk;rk;
jiy
fz;fs;
fz;fs;
iffs;
fOj;J

jpUte;jhjp
6

ek;kho;thh;

jpUMrphpak;> jpUtha;nkhop

ghjk;

jpUtpUj;jk;> nghpa jpUte;jhjp


7

kJuftp Mo;thh;

fz;zpqd; rpWjhk;Gg; ghly;

ghjk;

nghpaho;thh;

nghpaho;thh; jpUnkhop>

Kfk;

Mz;lhs;

ehr;rpahh; jpUnkhop>

10

jpUkq;if Mo;thh;

jpUg;ghit
nghpa jpUkly; Nghd;w MW

nfhg;g+o;

njhz;lubg;nghbaho;thh;
FyNrfu Mo;thh;

E}y;fs;
jpUkhiy jpUg;gs;sp vOr;rp
ngUkhs; jpUnkhop

khh;G
iffs;

jpUg;gy;yhz;L

11
12

irt ,yf;fpaq;fs; ( gd;dpU jpUKiwfs;)


This study material is a part of the courseware of Professors Coaching Centre and is specifically designed for the
usage of candidates enrolled with Professors Coaching Centre, Madurai. All rights to the contents of the
courseware rest with Professors Coaching Centre. No other institute, or individual is authorized or entitled to
reproduce, translate or distribute this courseware in any form.

Study Material Professors Coaching Centre, Madurai.


t.vz;
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8

Mrphpah;fs;
jpUQhdrk;ge;jh;
jpUehTf;furh; (mg;gh;)
Re;juh;
khzpf;fthrfh;
jpUkhspifj;Njth;
Nghd;Nwhh;
jpU%yh;
fhiuf;fhy; mk;ikahh;
Nghd;Nwhh;

Nrf;fpohh;

E}y;fs;
jpUf;filf;fhg;G
Njthuk;
jpUg;ghl;L
jpUthrfk;
jpUtpirg;gh

jpUKiwfs;
1>2>3> Mk; jpUKiwfs;
4>5>6> Mk; jpUKiwfs;
7-Mk; jpUKiw
8-Mk; jpUKiw
9-Mk; jpUKiw

jpUke;jpuk;
gf;jpg; ghly;fs;

10-Mk; jpUKiw
11-Mk; jpUKiw

nghpaGuhzk;

12-Mk; jpUKiw

16

Kf;fpa E}y;fs; :
1. jpUke;jpuk;
2. Njthuk;
3. jpUthrfk;
4. jpUf;Nfhit
5. jpUntk;ghit
6. jpUg;ghit
7. ngUq;fij
8. jpUf;ifyha Qhdcyh 9. ghujntz;gh
10.
NkUGuhzk;

jpU%yh;
mg;gh; (jpUehTf;furh;)

khzpf;fthrfh;

Mz;lhs;
nfhq;FNtsph;
Nrukhd; ngUkhs; ehadhh;
ngUe;Njtdhh;
thkhdr;rhhpahh;
11.ahg;gUq;fyf;fhhpif
mkph;jrhfuh;
12.Nekpehjk;
FztPugz;bjh;
13.tr;rze;jp khiy
gtze;jp Kdpth;
14.tPuNrhopak;
Gj;jkpj;jpuh;
15.ed;D}y;
gtze;jp Kdpth;
16.jz;bayq;fhuk;
jz;b
17.jpthfuk;
jpthfu Kdpth;
18.gpq;fyepfz;L
gpq;fyh;
19.#lhkzp epfz;L
kz;ly GUlh;
20.fypq;fj;Jg;guzp
raq;nfhz;lhh;
21.esntz;gh
GfNoe;jp
22.fe;jGuhzk;
fr;rpag;gh;
23.jpUtpisahlw;Guhzk; guQ;Nrhjp Kdpth;
24.tpy;ypghujk;
tpy;ypGj;J}uhh;
25.kPdhl;rpak;ik gps;isj;jkpo; FkuFUguh;
26.Fw;whyf;FwtQ;rp
uhrg;gf; ftpuhah;
27.jpUg;Gfo;
mUzfphpehjh;
28.ieljk;
mjptPuuhkghz;bah;
29.jzpifg;Guhzk;
fr;rpag;g Kdpth;
30.mhpr;re;jpuGuhzk;
tPu ftpuhah;
31.jpUntq;ifAyh
rptg;gpufhr Rthkpfs;
32.jpUj;njhz;lh; jpUte;jhjp
ek;gpahz;lhh; ek;gp
33.kfhghujk;
tpy;ypGj;J}uhh;
34.jpy;iyf; fyk;gfk;
,sQ;#hpah;> KJ#hpah; - (,ul;ilg;Gyth;)
35.ePjpnewp ntz;gh
FkuFUgh;
36.rPwhg;Guhzk;
ckWg;Gyth;
This study material is a part of the courseware of Professors Coaching Centre and is specifically designed for the
usage of candidates enrolled with Professors Coaching Centre, Madurai. All rights to the contents of the
courseware rest with Professors Coaching Centre. No other institute, or individual is authorized or entitled to
reproduce, translate or distribute this courseware in any form.

Study Material Professors Coaching Centre, Madurai.

17

37.,ul;rzpa ahj;jphpfk; vr;.V.fpUl;bdg;gps;is (fpwpj;Jtf; fk;gh;)


([hd;ghdpad; nkhopngah;g;G)
38.jkpo; Mq;fpy mfuhjp
tpd;];Nyh
39.Nrf;fpohh; gps;isj; jkpo; kfhtpj;thd; kPdhl;rp Re;judhh;
40.jpUtUl;gh
,uhkypq;f mbfs; (ts;syhh;)
41.kDKiwfz;l thrfk;
,uhkypq;f mbfs; (ts;syhh;)
42.fy;yiwj;njhl;by;
eh.fhkuhrd;
43.thdk; trg;gLk;
gpugQ;rd;
44.,Jjhd; kPwy;
45.,g;NghNj ,g;gbNa
ftpQh; GtpauR
46.G+j;jnts;sp
FUtpf;fuk;ig rz;Kfk;
47.fy;kuk;
jpyftjp
48.rha;T ehw;fhyp
Njhg;gpy; KfkJ kPuhd;
49.tpahrh; tpUe;J
,uh[h[p
50.rf;futh;j;jpj; jpUkfs; ,uh[h[p
51.ep[q;fSk; epoy;fSk;
muR kzpNkfiy
52.nghw;Nfhtpd; ftpijfs;
nghd;. Nfhjz;luhkd;
53.Rje;jpu jhfk;
rp.R. nry;yg;gh.

Gfo;ngw;w Gyth;fs; / vOj;jhsh;fSk; mth; jk; gilg;GfSk;


1. Rg;gpukzpa ghujpahh; :
fz;zd; ghl;L> ghg;ghg;ghl;L> Fapy;ghl;L> ghQ;rhyp rgjk;> ghuj ehL>
nre;jkpo; ehL> jkpo;j;jha;> Njrpa fPjq;fs;> tpehafh; ehd;kzp khiy.
2. ghujpjhrd; :
FLk;g tpsf;F> ,Uz;l tPL> ghz;bad; ghpR> mofpd; rphpg;G> ,iraKJ> jkpo;
,af;ffk;> jkpor;rpapd; fj;jp> vjph;ghuhj Kj;jk;> rQ;rPtpgh;tjj;jpd; rhuy;> ey;y
jPHg;G> gprpuhe;ijahh;.
3. ftpkzp Njrpf tpehafk; gps;is :
Mrpa N[hjp (%yE}y; - vl;tpd; mh;dhy;L vOjpa iyl; M /g; Mrpah)> kyUk;
khiyAk;> Foe;ijr; nry;tk;> ckh;fa;ahk; nkhop ngah;g;Gf; ftpijfs;> kUkf;fs;
top khd;kpak;.
4. kha+uk; Ntjehafk; gps;is :
gpujhg Kjypahh; rhpj;jpuk; (jkpopy; Kjy; Gjpdk;)> RFzRe;jhp khiy> ePjpE}y;
jpul;L> ngz;fy;tp> rh;t rkaf;fPHj;jidfs;> ngj;yNfk; FwtQ;rp>
5. tPukhKdpth; :
Njk;ghtzp> rJufuhjp (Kjy; mfuhjp)> njhd;D}y; tpsf;fk;> jpUf;fhtY}h;f;
fyk;gfk;> gukhHj;j FUfij)
6. c.Nt.rhkpehijah; :
GjpaJk; gioaJk;> fz;lJk; Nfl;lJk;> epidT kQ;rhp.
7. xsitahh; :
Mj;jp#b> nfhd;iw Nte;jd;> ey;top> %Jiu.
8. fk;gh; :
This study material is a part of the courseware of Professors Coaching Centre and is specifically designed for the
usage of candidates enrolled with Professors Coaching Centre, Madurai. All rights to the contents of the
courseware rest with Professors Coaching Centre. No other institute, or individual is authorized or entitled to
reproduce, translate or distribute this courseware in any form.

Study Material Professors Coaching Centre, Madurai.

18

fk;guhkhazk;> rlNfhgh; me;jhjp> ruRtjp me;jhjp> Vh; vOgJ> rpiyvOgJ>


jpUf;if tof;fk;.
9. xl;lf;$j;jh; :
%tUyh> jf;fahfg;guzp> FNyhj;Jq;fr; Nrhod; gps;isj; jkpo;
10.
rptg;gpufhr Rthkpfs; :
ehy;th; kzpkhiy> gpuGypq;f yPiy> jpUntq;iff; Nfhit> ePNuhl;lf akf ke;jpuk;.
11.
,uhgl;-b-nehgpyp :
Qhd jPgpif> jj;Jtf; fz;zhb
12.
fhy;Lnty; :
jpuhtpl nkhopfspd; xg;gpyf;fzk;> jpUney;Ntypr; rhpj;;jpuk;> jhkiuj; jlhfk;.
13.FkhuFUgh; :
kPdhl;rpak;ik gps;isj;jkpo;> fe;jh; fypntz;gh> kPdhl;rpak;ik Fwk;>
jpUf;Fw;why cyh> jpUf;Fw;why gps;isj;jkpo;> jpUf;Fw;why rpNyil ntz;gh.

14.jpU.tp. fypahz Re;judhh; : (jpU.tp.f)


kdpj tho;f;ifAk;> fhe;;jpabfSk;> ngz;zpd; ngUik> jkpo;j; njd;wy;> tho;f;ifj;
Jiz eyk;> fpwpj;Jtpd; mUs; Ntl;ly;> nghJik Ntl;ly;> KUfd; my;yJ moF> ,sik
tpUe;J. (jpU.tp.f. itj; jkpo; ciueilapd; je;ij vd;gh;).
15.ehkf;fy; nt. ,uhkypq;f gps;is
jkpod; ,jak;> ftpjhQ;ryp> rq;nfhyp> mtDk; mtSk;> jkpo;j;Njh;> fhe;jp
mQ;ryp> vd;fij> jkpo;j;Njd;> kiyf;fs;sd;. (kiyf;fs;sd; jpiug;glkhf te;Js;sJ).
16.lhf;lh; K. tujuhrdhh;
kdr;rhd;W> fhjy; vq;Nf?> gr;irag;gh;> lhf;lh; my;yp ngw;w kdk;> mfy;
tpsf;F> fhpj;Jz;L> fs;Nsh? fhtpaNkh?
17.mg;Jy; uFkhd;
ghy;tPjp> Neah; tpUg;gk;> mtSf;F epyh vd;W ngah;;> Kl;ilthrpfs;> ryit
nkhl;L.
18.mwpQh; mz;zh
ghh;tjp gp.V.> uq;Nfhd;uhjh> jrhtjhuk> gpuhh;j;jid> Fw;wthspNah?>
fd;dpg;ngz; ifk;ngz; Md fij> fk;gurk;> Ntiyf;fhhp> Xh; ,uT.
19.fiyQh; K.fUzhepjp
njd;ghz;br;rpq;fk;>
Gijay;>
nts;spf;fpoik>
NuhkhGhpg;ghz;bad;>
FwNshtpak;> rq;fj;jkpo;> nghd;dh; rq;fh;> njhy;fhg;gpag; g+q;fh.
20.rhz;by;ad;
fly;Gwh> atduhzp> uh[Kj;jpiu> gy;ytj; jpyfk;> uh[ jpyfk;> fd;dpkhlk;>
kQ;rs; Nfhl;il> fly; uhzp> miy murp> [y Nkhfpdp> uh[Nghpif> khjtpapd;
kdk;> fk;gd; fz;l ngz;fs;> nrz;gfj;Njhl;lk;> kd Nkhfk;.
This study material is a part of the courseware of Professors Coaching Centre and is specifically designed for the
usage of candidates enrolled with Professors Coaching Centre, Madurai. All rights to the contents of the
courseware rest with Professors Coaching Centre. No other institute, or individual is authorized or entitled to
reproduce, translate or distribute this courseware in any form.

Study Material Professors Coaching Centre, Madurai.

19

21.fz;zjhrd;
khq;fdp> Ml;ldj;jp Mjpke;jp> tdthrk;> kdthrfk;> mh;j;jKs;s ,e;J kjk;> ,NaR
fhtpak;.
22.fy;fp fpU\;z%Hj;jp
nghd;dpapd; nry;td;> ghh;j;jpgd; fdT> rptfhkpapd; rgjk;> miy Xir>
jpahfg+kp> fs;tdpd; fhjyp> Nkhfpdpj;jPT> ngha;khd; fuL> Nrhiykiy
,sturp> kFlgjp.
23.mfpyd;
Ntq;ifapd; ike;jd;> rpj;jpug;ghit> ghit tpsf;F.
24.jPgk; ghh;j;jrhujp
Mj;khtpd; ,uhfq;fs;> fghlGuk;> FwpQ;rp kyh;> rKjha tPjp> Jsrpkhlk;>
neQ;rf;fdy;> gpwe;jkz;> uhzp kq;fk;khs;> tQ;rpkhefuk;> nghd; tpyq;F>
epj;jpy ty;yp> rhaq;fhy Nkfq;fs;> new;wpf;fz;> ntw;wp Kof;fk;>
ghz;bkhNjtp> rj;jpa nts;sk;> kzpgy;ytk;> eprg;j rq;fPjk;.
25.ftpQh; kPuh
fdTfs; + fw;gidfs; = fhfpjq;fs;> Crpfs;> %d;Wk; MWk;.
26.<NuhL jkpod;gd;
rpypHg;Gfs;> #hpag;gpiwfs;> jPTfs;> fiuNaWfpd;wd. nrd;dpkiy fpspNah
ghl;uhf;fs;> tzf;fk; ts;Stk;.
27.eh.fhkuhrd;
jh[;kfhYk; nuhl;bj;Jz;Lk;> xU ifjpapd; ilhp> ehty; gok;> fWg;Gkyh;fs;>
#hpafhe;jp> fpWf;fy;fs;.
28.ePygj;kehgd;
jiyKiwfs;> gs;sp nfhz;lGuk;> igy;fs;> cwTfs;> Nghijapy; fiue;jth;fs;> gftjp
Nfhapy; njU> cja jhuif.
29.,e;jpuh ghh;j;jrhujp
nte;J jzpe;j fhLfs;> Nth;g;gw;W> khakhd; Ntl;il> Mfhrj; jhkiu> je;jpug+kp>
FUjpg;Gdy;.
ehlf E}y;fs;
ehlfk; Fwpj;j Fwpg;Gfs;

ehlfq;fs; Fwpj;j Fwpg;Gfs; njhy;fhg;gpak; kw;Wk; rpyg;gjpfhuj;jpy;


Fwpg;gplg; gLfpd;wd.
ehlf Nkil mikg;G> vopdpfs; (jpiur;rPiyfs;) Fwpj;J rpyg;gjpfhuj;jpy;
Fwpg;gplg; ngw;Ws;sd.
jQ;irf; fy;ntl;L ,uh[ uh[ tp[ak; vd;w ehlfj;ijf; Fwpg;gpl;Ls;sJ.
nra;As; ehlfq;fs; : FwtQ;rp> nehz;b> gs;S.
Nrf;Rg;gpah; nghd;w ehlf vOj;jhsh;fs; tsh;;r;rpAw;wikahy; mtiug;
gpd;gw;wpj; jkpopy; nkhopngah;g;G ehlfq;fs; cUthfpd.

This study material is a part of the courseware of Professors Coaching Centre and is specifically designed for the
usage of candidates enrolled with Professors Coaching Centre, Madurai. All rights to the contents of the
courseware rest with Professors Coaching Centre. No other institute, or individual is authorized or entitled to
reproduce, translate or distribute this courseware in any form.

Study Material Professors Coaching Centre, Madurai.

20

Kf;fpa ehlf E}y;fSk; mtw;iw ,aw;wpNahUk; :


1. ng.Re;juk;gps;is

kNdhd;kzPak; (ypl;ld; gpuG vOjpa ,ufrpa top vd;w E}ypd; jOty;)> jkpo;j;jha;
tho;j;J ,e;E}ypy; ,lk; ngw;Ws;sJ. rpyg;gjpfhuj;jpw;Fg; gpd;dh; vOe;j rpwe;j
nra;As; ehlfk;. jkpo; ehlfj;jpd; njhlf;fk; ,e;E}y;.
2. fhrptpRtehj Kjypahh; : lk;ghr;rhhp tpyhrk; ,JNt jkpopd; Kjy;
tho;tpay; (r%f) ehlfk;.
3. kiwkiyabfs; : rhFe;jyk; vd;w fhspjhrhpd; ehlfj;ijj; jkpopy; nkhop
ngah;e;jth;.
4. gk;ky; rk;ge;j Kjypahh; : RFz tpyhr rigiaj; Njhw;Wtpj;jth;.
kNdhfuh> rghgjp Mfpa ehlfq;fs;.
5. xsit jp.f.rz;Kfk; : xsitahuhfg; ngz;Ntlj;jpy; ebj;Jg; Gfo;ngw;wth;. ehlff;fiy
vd;w E}iy vOjpath;.
6. ghujpjhrd;
: nrskpad;> ghz;bad; ghpR> $iof; $j;jpd; fhjy;>
gprpuhe;ijahh;.
7. NguwpQh; mz;zh :
Xh; ,uT> ePjpNjtd; kaf;fk;>Ntiyf;fhhp> nrhh;f;fthry;> rpth[p fz;l ,e;J
rhk;uh[;ak;. Xh; ,uT vd;w ehlfj;ij mz;zh xNu ,utpy; vOjp Kbj;jhh;. fy;fp
,e;ehlfj;ijf; fz;L tpae;J mz;zhit jkpo;ehl;bd; ngh;dhh;l;\h vd;W ghuhl;bdhh;.
8. rq;fujh]; Rthkpfs; : mgpkd;A Re;jhp> ts;sp jpUkzk;> gtsf;nfhb> rjp
mD#ah> gf;j gpufyhjd;>rpWj; njhz;lh; Guhzk;.
9. v];.tp.rf];uehkk;: Nrth ];Nl[; Njhw;Wtpj;jth;
10. e.Kj;JRthkp: $j;Jg;gl;liw Njhw;Wtpj;jth;.
11. gz;bjkzp fjpNurd; nrl;bahh; : kz;zpay; rpWNjh;.
12. tpGyhde;jh; : kjq;f #shkzp
13. Ntg;gk;khs; : rPjh fy;ahzk;
14. NtZNfhghyhr;rhhp : ntdp]; tzpfd;
15. ,uhkr;re;jpu ftpuhah; : ghuj tpyhrk;
16. Nfhghy fpU\;z ghujpahh;: ee;jdhh; rhpj;jpuk;
17. #hpa ehuhaz rh];jphp : &ghtjp> fyhtjp
18. ,uh.Rg;gpukzpad; : rptfhkpapd; rgjk;> re;jpuNkhfd;> tz;bf;fhud; kfs;
19. fp.M.ng. tpRtehjk; : jkpo;r;nry;tk;
20. Nfhky;Rthkpehjd; : jz;zPH jz;zPH
21. Nrh.,uhkrhkp (Jf;sf; Nrh) : KfkJ gpd; Jf;sf;> kdk; xU Fuq;F> cz;ikNa
cd;tpiy vd;d?
22. Mh;.v];.kNdhfh;: rhzf;ah> ,uhtzd;> eufhRud;.
rpWfijfs; Fwpj;j Fwpg;Gfs;:
20-Mk; E}w;whz;L rpWfijf; fhyk; vdg;gLk;
t.Nt.R.Iah; vOjpa Fsj;jq;fiu> murkuk; nrhd;d fij> rpWfijapd; ,yf;fzj;Jf;Fl;gl;l
jkpopd; Kjy; rpWfijahFk;.
jkpopy; rpWfij tsh;j;jJ kzpf;nfhb MFk;.
GJikg;gpj;jd;. F.g. ,uh[Nfhghyd;> nksdp> gpr;r%Hj;jp MfpNahh; rpWfij
Kd;Ndhbfshth;.
rpWfij kd;dd;> jkpo;ehl;bd; khgrhd; vd;w ghuhl;Lfisg; ngWgth; GJikg;gpj;jd;.
rpWfij E}y;fSk; ,aw;wpNahUk;:
This study material is a part of the courseware of Professors Coaching Centre and is specifically designed for the
usage of candidates enrolled with Professors Coaching Centre, Madurai. All rights to the contents of the
courseware rest with Professors Coaching Centre. No other institute, or individual is authorized or entitled to
reproduce, translate or distribute this courseware in any form.

Study Material Professors Coaching Centre, Madurai.

21

1. GJikg;gpj;jd; :

flTSk; fe;jrhkpg;gps;isAk;> rhg tpNkhrdk;> nghd;dfuk;>


fghlGuk;> gps;isahh; rJHj;jp> xUehs; fope;jJ> fapw;wpuT> fhQ;rdh
(rpWfijj;njhFg;G). nkhj;jk; 108 rpWfijfisAk;> gynkhopngah;g;Gf; fijfisAk;
vOjpAs;shh;.

2. F.g.,uh[Nfhghyd;: fdfhk;guk;> Gdh;n[d;kk;> tpbAkh?> fhzhkNy fhjy;.


3. nksdp: mopahr;Rlh;> kzf;Nfhyk;. rpWfijapd; jpU%yh; vd;W GJikg;gpj;jdhy;

ghuhl;lg;ngw;wth;.
4. jp.[hdfpuhkd;

: rptg;G hpf;\h> nfhl;L Nksk;> rpyph;g;G> rhj;jpakh>


NfhGutpsf;F> mf;gh; rh];;jphp.
5. mNrhfkpj;jpud; : mg;ghtpd; rpNefpjh;> chpik Ntl;if> cj;ju uhkhazk;>
tpNkhrdk;> fhyKk; Ie;J Foe;ijfSk;.
6. fy;fp fpU\;z%Hj;jp: mkutho;T> Rgj;jpiuapd; rNfhjud;> xw;iw Nuh[h> t];jhJ

NtZ> jPg;gpbj;j Fbirfs;> GJ Xth;rpah;> tPiz gthdp> jpUld; kfd; jpUld;.


7. e.gpr;r%Hj;jp: jhprdk;> kioj;nja;tk;> neUg;Gf;Nfhop> gjpndl;lhk; ngUf;F.
8. ePygj;kehgd; : Nkhfk; Kg;gJ Mz;L> rz;ilAk;> rkhjhdKk;> %d;whtJ ehs;>

,uz;lhtJ Kfk;> ehfk;kh.


9. mfpyd; : ,jar;rpiwapy;> Fwj;jp> epytpdpNy> Foe;ij rphpj;jJ> fq;fh ];ehdk;>

G+r;rhz;b> vhpkiy> caph;j;Jsp


10. ehQ;rpy; ehld; : Kj;Jf;fs; gj;J> #ba G+ #lw;f> Nga;f;nfhl;L> cg;G
11. Nkyhz;ik nghd;Drhkp : kpd;rhug;g+> Mfhar;rpwFfs;> fhfpjk;> mr;rNk

eufk;> Kw;Wif> rpgpfs;> g+f;fhj khiy.


12. tPukh Kdpth; : gukhh;j;j FUfij
13. tPuhr;rhkp nrl;bahh; : tpNehrur kQ;rhp
14. gp.v];.,uhikah : el;rj;jpuf;Foe;ijfs;
15. F.mofphprhkp : rphpf;ftpy;iy> jtg;gad;.
16. n[afhe;jd; : cjak;> xU gpb NrhW> ,dpg;Gk;> fhpg;Gk;> mf;dpg;gpuNtrk;>

ahUf;fhf mOjhd;.
jkpopy; Njhd;wpa Kjy; E}y;fs; :
1.
2.
3.

Kjy; epfz;L
Kjy; Gjpdk; (ehty;)
Kjy; rpWfij

4.
5.
6.
7.

Kjy;
Kjy;
Kjy;
Kjy;

me;jhjp E}y;
Nfhit E}y;
gps;isj;jkpo;E}y;
J}J E}y;

jpthfu epfz;L
gpujhg Kjypahh; rhpj;jpuk;
kq;ifah;f;furpapd; fhjy; / Fsj;jq;fiu murkuk;
nrhd;d fij (,yf;fzj;Jf;Fl;gl;l Kjy; rpWfij)
mw;Gjj;jpUte;jhjp
ghz;bf;Nfhit
FNyhj;Jq;fd; gps;isj;jkpo;
neQ;R tpLJ}J

This study material is a part of the courseware of Professors Coaching Centre and is specifically designed for the
usage of candidates enrolled with Professors Coaching Centre, Madurai. All rights to the contents of the
courseware rest with Professors Coaching Centre. No other institute, or individual is authorized or entitled to
reproduce, translate or distribute this courseware in any form.

Study Material Professors Coaching Centre, Madurai.


8. Kjy;
9. Kjy;
10. Kjy;
11. Kjy;
12. Kjy;
13. Kjy;
14. Kjy;
15. Kjy;
16. Kjy;

cyhE}y;
fyk;gf E}y;
FwtQ;rp E}y;
gs;S E}y;
Ie;jpyf;fz E}y;
guzp E}y;
jkpo; mfuhjp
khiy E}y;
fhg;gpak;

Gjpdq;fs; (ehty;fs;)
t.
Mrphpah;fs;
vz;
1.
it.K.Nfhijehafp mk;khs;
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.

tuftp.m.Rg;gpukzpaghujp
v];.V.uhkrhkp Iah;
vk;.v];.g+h;zypq;fk;gps;is
t.uhkrhkp Iaq;fhh; (t.uh)
Nf.v];.ntq;flkzp
ehuhaz Jiuf;fz;zd;

8.
9.
10.

Ffg;hpia
%tY}h; ,uhkhkph;jj;jk;khs;
rq;fuuhk;

11.
12.

Re;jhde;j ghujp
Mh;.rz;KfRe;juk;

13.
14.

ehkf;fy; uhkypq;fk; gps;is


lhf;lh;. K.tujuhrdhh;

15.
16.

Mh;.kfhNjtd; (Njtd;)
tpe;jd;

17.
18.
19.

nfhj;jkq;fyk; Rg;G
v];.V.gp
F.uh[NtY

20.

mwpQh; mz;zh

21.
22.

e.rpjk;gu Rg;gpukzpad;
jp. [hdfpuhkd;

22

MjpAyh vdg;gLk; jpUf;ifyha Qhd cyh


ee;jpf;fyk;gfk;
jpUf;Fw;wyf;FwtQ;rp
Kf;$lw;gs;S
tPuNrhopak;
fypq;fj;Jg;guzp (fpilj;jtw;wpy;)
rJufuhjp
jpUtul;il> kzpkhiy.
rpyg;gjpfhuk;

ehty;fs;
rz;gf tp[ak;> jpahff;nfhb> tdf;Fapy;>
rhUNyhrdh> nfshp KFe;jd;
n[anyl;Rkp> [lhty;yth;
ePyfz;ld;
kUj;Jtd; kfs;> jg;gpyp
Re;jhp> tp[ak;> rpd;drhk;G> Nfhijj; jPT
KUfd; Xh; cotd;> Njrgf;jd; fe;jd;
ahd; Vd; ngz;zha;g; gpwe;Njd;> jhrpukzp>
Ntljhhp> rPkhd; Raeyk;> Nfhfpyh
re;jphpfh
jhrpfspd; Nkhrtiy> kjpg;ngw;w ikdh;
kz;zhir>fhhpajhprp>
,d;g
cyfk;>
ghprNyhl;b> mUs; gz;iz> jPAk; ntbAk;
md;G epiyak;
ehfk;khs;> mWtil> rl;b Rl;lJ> fhzhr;Rid>
mopahf;Nfhyk;> khaj;jhfk;
kiyf;fs;sd;
nre;jhkiu> fs;Nsh? fhtpaNkh? ghit> me;j
ehs;> kyh;tpop> ngw;wkdk;> my;yp>
fhpj;Jz;L>
faik>
neQ;rpy;
xU
Ks;>
mfy;tpsf;F> kz;Fbir> thlhkyh;.
kp];lh; Ntjhe;jk;
ghYk; ghitAk;> fz; jpwf;Fkh> md;G
myWfpwJ> Rak;tuk;> kdpjd; khwtpy;iy
fhjYk; fy;ahzKk;.
jpy;yhdh Nkhfdhk;ghs;
fhjnyDk; jPtpdpNy
fhjy; J}q;FfpwJ> moF MLfpwJ. Kfpok;g+>
,s;Ntdpy;> 1942
fNghjpGuf;fhjy;>Fkh];jhtpd;ngz;>Fkhpf;
Nfhl;lk;> uq;Nfhd;uhjh
,jaehjk;> kz;zpy; njhpAJ thdk;> ehfkzp
NkhfKs;> mkph;jk;> md;Ng MuKNj mk;kh
te;jhs;>
caph;j;Njd;>
kyh;kQ;rk;
nrk;gUj;jp> kug;gR> esghjk;

This study material is a part of the courseware of Professors Coaching Centre and is specifically designed for the
usage of candidates enrolled with Professors Coaching Centre, Madurai. All rights to the contents of the
courseware rest with Professors Coaching Centre. No other institute, or individual is authorized or entitled to
reproduce, translate or distribute this courseware in any form.

Study Material Professors Coaching Centre, Madurai.


23.
24.
25.

njh.K.rpjk;gu uFehjd;
gp.v];.uhikah
eh.ghHj;jrhujp

26.

mfpyd;

27.
28.
29.

rp.R. nry;yg;gh
uh.R.ey;yngUkhs;
Vk;.tp.ntq;fl;uhk;

30.
31.

yh.r.uhkhkpLjk;
f.eh.Rg;ukzpad;

32.
33.

n`g;rpgh N[Rjhrd;
,e;jpuh ghh;j;jrhujp

34.

ePy gj;kehgd;

35.

mNrhf kpj;ud;

36.
37.

fe;jrhkp
R. rKj;jpuk;

38.

n[afhe;jd;

39.
40.
41.
42.
43.
44.
45.
46.

[p.ehfuh[d;
eFyd;
fp. uh[ehuhazd; (fp.uh)
F. rpd;dg;gghujp
nghd;dPyd;
b.nry;tuh[;
F. mofphprhkp
Re;juuhkrhkp

47.

n[aNkhfd;

23

gQ;Rk; grpAk;
gpNuk`huk;> ee;jhtpsf;F
Mj;khtpd; uhfq;fs;> FwpQ;rpkyh;> rj;jpa
nts;sk;>NfhGu
jPgk;>
Jsrpkhlk;>
nghd;tpyf;F>
rKjhatPjp>
%yf;fdy;>
rhaq;fhy Nkfq;fs;.
ghit tpsf;F> neQ;rpdiyfs;> rpj;jpug;ghit>
nghd;kyh;> vq;Nf NghfpNwhk;. GJnts;sk;>
Jsrpkhlk;> rpNefpjp tho;T vq;Nf> ghy;kuf;
fhl;bdpNy Ntq;ifapd; ike;jd;> ntw;wpj;
jpUefh;> fay;tpop
thb thry;
fy;Yf;Fs; <uk;
epj;jpaf;fd;dp> mUk;G> Nts;tpj;jP> mizahr;
Rlh;> fhJfs;.
Gj;u> mgpjh
mtuth;
ghL>
xUehs;>
mRufzk;>
ngha;j;NjT> Nfhij rphpj;jhs;> jhk]; te;jhh;>
mtJ}jh;> gpj;jg;g+> VONgh;
Gj;jk; tPL
FUjpg;Gdy;> je;jpu g+kp> Rje;jpug+kp>
NtjGuj;J tpahghhpfs;> fhdy;ePH
jiyKiwfs;> gs;spnfhz;lGuk;> cwTfs;> kpd;
cyfk;> NjNuhLk; tPjp
jz;zPH> fiue;j epoy;fs;> gjpndl;lhtJ ml;rf;
NfhL
rhahtdk;> tprhuizf; fkp\d;
thlhky;yp> Nrhw;Wg;gl;lhsk;> CUf;Fs; xU
Gul;rp> xU Nfhl;Lf;F ntspNa
rpyNeuq;fspy; rpy kdpjh;fs;> xU ebif ehlfk;
ghh;f;fpwhs;> xU kdpjd; xU tPL> xU cyfk;>
cd;idg;
Nghy;
xUtd;>
fq;if
vq;Nf
Nghfpwhs;> ghhPRf;F Ngh> Re;jufhz;lk;>
[a [a rq;fu> CUf;F E}W Ngh;> rpdpkhTf;Fg;
Nghd rpj;jhS> xUkdpjDk;> rpy vUik
khLfSk;> if tpyq;F> ahUf;fhf mOjhd;.
ehis kw;WnkhU ehNs
epidTg;ghij> eha;fs;> etPddpd; lahp
Nfhgy;y fpuhkk;> Nfhgy;yGuj;J kf;fs;
jhfk;> rq;fk;> rh;f;fiu> gtyhap
fhpry;> Gjpa jhprdq;fs;> Njly;
NjePH
lhf;luh? Tpgr;rhhpah?
xU Gspa kuj;jpd; fij> N[.N[.rpy Fwpg;Gfs;
Foe;ijfs; ngz;fs; Mz;fs;
tp\;ZGuk;> ug;gh;> gpd;njhlUk; epoypd;

This study material is a part of the courseware of Professors Coaching Centre and is specifically designed for the
usage of candidates enrolled with Professors Coaching Centre, Madurai. All rights to the contents of the
courseware rest with Professors Coaching Centre. No other institute, or individual is authorized or entitled to
reproduce, translate or distribute this courseware in any form.

Study Material Professors Coaching Centre, Madurai.

48.
49.

jkpotd;
rhU epNtjpfh

50.
51.

r.uh[ehafk;
gpugQ;rd;

52.
53.
54.

v];.uhkfpU\;zd;
Nfhzq;fp
Njhg;gpy; KfkJ kPuhd;

55.

uh[k;;fpU\;zd;

56.

nyl;Rkp

57.

mEj;jkh

58.

#lhkzp

59.
60.

tRkjp uhkrhkp
th]e;jp

61.

rptrq;fhp

62.
63.
64.
65.
66.
67.
68.
69.
70.
71.
72.
73.
74.

,e;Jkjp
Jpyftjp
Rkjp
ry;kh
ghkh
fkyh rlNfhgd;
mofpa ehafp mk;khs;
rptfhkp
,ikak;
G+kzp
r.ghyKUfd;
fz;kzp FzNrfud;
jkpo;thzd;

75.

uhN[\;Fkhh;

76.

R[hjh

24

Fuy; fd;dpahFkhp.
Vw;fdNt nrhy;yg;gl;l kdpjh;fs;
[PNuh bfphp> /Ngd;rp gdpaDk; vf;]p];
nld;rpayprKk;
rpyKbTfSk; rpy njhlf;fq;fSk;.
thdk; trg;gLk;> kfhejp> fhfpjkdpjh;fs;
khDlk; nty;Yk;
cg ghz;ltk;
ghop> gpjpuh
xU flNyhuf;fpuhkj;jpd; fij> $dd; Njhg;G>
JiwKfk;> rha;T ehw;fhyp
FwpQ;rpj;Njd;> miytha;f;fiuapy; tisf;fuk;>
Nrw;wpy;
kdpjh;fs;>
fhpg;Gkzpfs;>
mKjkhfp tUf> Ks;Sk; kyh;e;jJ> NtUf;FePH
ngz;kdk;>
Xbg;Nghdts;>
fhQ;ridapd;
fdTehaf;fh; kf;fs; kpjpyh tpyh];> xU
fhtphpiag;Nghy (rhfpja mfhlkp).
xNu xU thh;j;ij> Nfl;ltuk;> ,d;gj;Njd;>
kzy;tPL> RUjp Ngjk;> iee;j cs;sk;.
kdJf;F ,dpats;> Nrhjidapd; KbT> tpbit
Nehf;fp.
fhg;ld; fy;ahzk;
Mfhr tPLfs;> %q;fpy; g+f;fs;> ehd;
Gj;jdpy;iy
xU kdpjdpd; fij> 47 ehl;fs;> ghyq;fs;
jphpNtzp rq;fkk;
jiuapy; ,wq;Fk; tpkhdq;fs;
fy;kuk;> thh;j;ij jtwptpl;lha;
fy;kz;lgk;
,uz;lhk; [hkq;fspd; fij
RUf;F> rq;fjp
fjT
ftiy
gioad fopjYk;> Mde;jhap
MWKfk;> NfhNtW fOijfs;
gpwF> ntf;if> ieNtjak;> tz;ly;
Nrhsfh; njhl;b
mQ;riy
fUehfk;> fUfpa fbjk;> fjT jpwe;jJ if njhpe;jJ>
eLtpuy;> Nlhf;fpNahtpy; jkpo;thzd;
cyuhj uj;jk;> $lNt xU epoy;> ,uty;
nrhHf;fk;> mkph;jk; vd;why; tp\k; ,uT Neu
thdtpy;
eph;thz efuk;> ngz; ,ae;jpuk;> NgRk;
nghk;ikfs;> fiunay;yhk;> nrz;gfk;g+> fdTj;
njhopw;rhiy> gjtpf;fhf> vg;NghJk; ngz;>
gphpNthk; re;jpg;Nghk;.

This study material is a part of the courseware of Professors Coaching Centre and is specifically designed for the
usage of candidates enrolled with Professors Coaching Centre, Madurai. All rights to the contents of the
courseware rest with Professors Coaching Centre. No other institute, or individual is authorized or entitled to
reproduce, translate or distribute this courseware in any form.

Study Material Professors Coaching Centre, Madurai.


77.
78.

kq;fsehafk; jk;ikah
jp.j.rutzKj;Jgps;is

25

nehWq;Fz;l ,jak;
Nkhfdhq;fp

tuyhw;W ehty;fs;
79.

fy;fp

80.

rhz;byad;

81.

Nfhtp.kzpNrfud;

82.

n[frpw;gpad;

83.
84.
85.

mU.uhkehjd;
tpf;fpukd;
eh.ghh;j;jrhujp

86.
87.

g+tz;zd;
fiyQh; K.fUzhepjp

88.
89.
90.
91.
92.

=NtZNfhghyd;
NrhK
K.Nkj;jh
fp.uhN[e;jpud;
jhkiu kdhsd;

93.
94.
95.
96.

fhpr;rhd; FQ;R
Mjtd;
b.nry;tuh[;
tpl;ly; uht;

97.
98.

Irf; mUikuh[d;
ehQ;rpy; ehld;

99.
100.

ngUkhs; KUfd;
ghtz;zd;

101.

tz;z epytd;

102.
103.
104.
105.

M. khjtd;
Rg;ughujpkzpad;
Nrhiy Re;jungUkhs;
rp.Mh;. utPe;jpud;

tpkyh>
ghh;j;jpgd;
fdT>
nghd;dpapd;nry;td;> rptfhkpapd; rgjk;>
miyNahir> jpahfg+kp> fs;tdpd; fhjyp>
ngha;khd; fuL> kFlgjp> mkujhuh
[Ptg+kp> fly;Gwh> atduhzp> [yjPgk;>
uh[Kj;jpiu> fd;dpkhlk;> kd;dd;kfs;> kiy
thry;> uh[Nghpif
nrk;kpad; nry;tp> Kfpypy; Kisj;jKfk;>
nghw;fhy
g+k;ghit>
nghd;
Nta;e;j
ngUkhs;>
Nrud;
Fyf;nfhb>
nrQ;rp
mguQ;rp> Flthapw; Nfhl;lk;> uj;j QhapW
m[hj rj;U> Ntq;if tdk;
jpUr;rpw;wk;gyk;> Mytha; mofd;> kfuaho;
kq;if> gj;jpdpf;Nfhl;lk;> ee;jp th;kd; fhjyp
tPughz;bad; kidtp> mNrhfd; fhjyp
ee;jpGuj;J ehafp> cjare;jpud; fhQ;rp Re;jhp
ghz;bkhNjtp> kzp gy;ytk;> fghlGuk;> tQ;rp
khefuk;> epj;jpy ty;yp> uhzp kq;fsk;
fhe;j@h;r;rhiy> nfhy;ypkiyr;nry;tp
njd;ghz;br;rpq;fk;> NuhkhGhpg;ghz;bad;>
nghd;dh; rq;fh;
jputq;fs; cyh> kJuh tp[ak;
fly; fz;l fdT> ntz;zpyTg; ngz;zurp
Nrhoepyh
utpFy jpyfd;
me;jg;Guk;

gpw;fhy ehty;fs;
grpj;j khDld;
fhfpj kyh;fs;
kyUk; rUFk;
Nghf;fplk;> ejp %yk;> kw;wth;fs;> rhg
ntsp
fPwy;fs;> fy;yiwfs;> fhuzq;fSf;F mg;ghy;
jiyfPo; tpfpjq;fs;> rJuq;ff;Fjpiu> vd;gpyjid
ntapy;fhAk;> kpjit> vl;Lj;jpf;Fk;> kjahid
$skhjhhp> epoy; Kw;wy;
tho;f;if xU tprhuiz> rpjwy;fs; xU kdpjUk; rpy
tUlq;fSk;
fk;gh
ejp>
nuapdP];
ma;ah;
njU>
fly;Guj;jpy;
GdYk; kzYk;> fpU\;zg;gUj;J
rhaj;jpiu> ghzq;fspd; Kfq;fs;
eQ;ir kdpjh;fs;> nre;ney;
mq;Fj;jha;> fhf;ifg;nghd;

This study material is a part of the courseware of Professors Coaching Centre and is specifically designed for the
usage of candidates enrolled with Professors Coaching Centre, Madurai. All rights to the contents of the
courseware rest with Professors Coaching Centre. No other institute, or individual is authorized or entitled to
reproduce, translate or distribute this courseware in any form.

Study Material Professors Coaching Centre, Madurai.


106.
#hpa fhe;jd;
107.
g.rpq;fhuk;
108.
jQ;ir g;ufh\;
109.
v];.uhkfpU\;zd;
110.
vk;.NfhghyfpU\;zd;
111.
a+kh thRfp
112.
vk;.Atd;
113.
n[. gpuhd;rp]; fpUgh
114.
#j;ujhhp
115.
uNk\; - gpNuk;
116.
ckh kNf];thp
117.
ghujp ghyd;
118.
jq;fh; gr;rhd;
119.
tpky; Foe;ijNty;
120.
gp.vk;.fz;zd;
121.
Mh;.tp
122.
khahtp
123.
uh.R.ey;yngUkhs;
124.
itatd;
125.
n[frpw;gpad;
126.
Nfhtp.kzpNrfud;
127.
Nkyhz;;ik nghd;Drhkp
128.
ghyFkhud;
129.
ckhre;jpud;
130.
fpU\;zkzp
131.
G\;gh jq;fJiu
132.
ituKj;J
133.
ghit re;jpud;
134.
uh.fp.uq;fuh[d;
ftpij E}y;fs;
t.
Mrphpah;fs;
vz;
ghujpahh;
1.

ghujpjhrd;
2.

ehkf;fy; ftpQh;
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.

re;jhde;j ghujp
r.J.R.Nahfpahh;
Kbaurd;
thzpjhrd;

26

khdthhp kdpjh;fs;
flYf;F mg;ghy;> GaypNy xU Njhzp
fuKz;lh ML> fs;sk;
neLq;FUjp
kzy; fbif
uj;j cwT
Fs;sr;rpj;jd; rhpj;jpuk;> gfilahl;lk;
mj;ijf;fd;dp
mk;kd; nerT
Gijf;fg;gl;l gpujpfSk;> nrhy; vd;nwhU nrhy;
ahUk; ahUlDk; ,y;iy
caph;r;;Rop
xd;gJ &gha; Nehl;L
nts;shtp
ehfty;yp> Ks;Ntyp> epyNtis nrhy;
midahtpsf;F> Atjp> nrhg;gz tho;f;if
md;gpd; xyp
Nghuhl;lq;fs;> ek;gpf;iffs;
,d;W Gjpjha; gpwe;Njhk;
nrhh;f;fj;jpd; epoy;
xU jPgk; Ie;J jphpfs;> kNdh uQ;rpjk;
,dp> Ch;kz;> mr;rNk eufk;
,Ug;Gf;Fjpiufs;> nkh;f;Fhpg;g+f;fs;
Ks;Sk; kyUk;
Nth;fs;
xU Cjhg;g+ fz;rpkpl;LfpwJ.
fs;spf;fhl;L ,jpfhrk;
ey;y epyk;
taJ gjpNdO> ,J nrhh;f;fk; glF tPL
ftpij E}y;fs;
jdpikapuf;fk;> RNjrfPjq;fs;> Fapy;ghl;L> fz;zd;
ghl;L> ghQ;rhyp rgjk;> Njrpa fPjq;fs;> Gjp
Mj;jp#b ghg;ghg;ghl;L> KuR> Qhdujk;> juhR>
re;jphpifapd; fij> rpd;d rq;fud; fij.
mofpd; rphpg;G> FLk;g tpsf;F ,Uz;l tPL> jkpo;
,af;fk;> ,iraKJ.
fhg;gpaq;fs;: ghz;bad;ghpR> FwpQ;rpj;jpl;L>
vjph;guhj Kj;jk;> fz;zfp Gul;rpf;fhg;gpak;
,irg;ghly;fs; : NjdUtp> ,iraUtp
jkpod; ,jak;> rq;nfhyp> ftpjhQ;ryp> jkpo;j;Njh;>
mtDk; mtSk;> md;Gnra;j mw;Gjk;> jpUf;Fws;
GJTiu.
ghuj rf;jp kfhfhtpak;
jkpo;f; Fkhpg;ghly;fs;> Nkhpkf;jNydh> fhkpdp
g+q;nfhb> tPufhtpak;> Kbaurdpd; ftpijfs;
jkpor;rp> nfhbKy;iy> nghq;fy; ghpR>

This study material is a part of the courseware of Professors Coaching Centre and is specifically designed for the
usage of candidates enrolled with Professors Coaching Centre, Madurai. All rights to the contents of the
courseware rest with Professors Coaching Centre. No other institute, or individual is authorized or entitled to
reproduce, translate or distribute this courseware in any form.

Study Material Professors Coaching Centre, Madurai.

27

vopNyhtpak;> ,d;g ,yf;fpak;> jPHj;jahj;jpiu>


Foe;ij ,yf;fpak;> thzpjhrd; ftpijfs;.
Njd; kio> JiwKfk;> RtUk; Rz;zhk;Gk;> njhl
thypgk;> rphpg;gpd; epoy;> mKJk; NjDk;>
cjl;by; cjL rhtpd; Kj;jk;.
fz;zg;gd; fpspfs;> tPuhap Nfhriyf;Fkhp> tpjpNah
tpidNah
Iia> nfha;ahf;fdp> vz;Rit vd;gJ mWgUtj; jpUf;
$j;J> kfGFtQ;rp

8.

Rujh

9.

jkpo; xsp

10.

ngUQ;rpj;jpudhh;

11.

mots;spag;gh
(Foe;ijf;ftpQh;)

kyUk; cs;sk;> ghg;ghTf;Fg;ghl;L> ghl;bNy fhe;jp

12.

fz;zjhrd;

fz;zjhrd; ftpijfs;> khq;fdp> Ml;ldj;jp Mjpke;jp>


ijg;ghit> nghd;kio.
fl;LiuE}y;fs;: G\;gkhypfh> nja;tjhprdk;>
Qhdkhypfh> Ngdh ehl;bak;.
ehlfq;fs; : rptfq;ifr; rPik> mdhh;fyp>
ftpjhQ;rp> nja;tj;jpUkzq;fs;.
nghJthdit: vz;zq;fs; Mapuk;> nrg;G nkhopfs;>
mHj;jKs;s ,e;J kjk;> fhtpak;: ,NaR fhtpak;

13.

15.
16.
17.

gp.gpr;r%Hj;jp
gRta;ah
(Re;juuhkrhkp)
rp.kzp
gpukps; (jUKrptuhk;)
mg;Jy; uFkhd;

18.

K.Nkj;jh

19.

eh.fhkuhrd;

20.

<NuhL jkpod;gd;

21.

rpw;gp (rpw;gp
ghyRg;ukzpad;)

22.

ituKj;J

23.

Qhdf; $j;jd;

24.

tpy;tuj;jpdk;

25.
26.

m.NaRuhrh
Nrud;

GJf;ftpij E}y;fs;
14.

fhl;Lthj;J> vjph; ePr;R> topj;Jiz


eLeprpeha;fs;> ahNuh xUtDf;fhf
tUk; NghFk;> xspr;Nrh;if
ifg;gpbasT fly;> Nky;Nehf;fpa gazk;
Neah; tpUg;gk;> ghy;tPjp> Rl;Ltpuy;
fz;zPH; g+f;fs;> mth;fs; tUfpwhh;fs;> ee;jtd
ehl;fs;> kdr;rpwF jpUtpohtpy; xU njUg;ghlfd;>
thdk; ,U rpwF> Ch;tyk;.
fWg;G kyh;fs;> rfhuhit jhz;lhj xl;lfq;fs;>
jh[;k`hYk; nuhl;bj;Jz;Lk;> fhl;Lf;Fwj;jp
jPTfs; fiuNaWfpd;wd> Njhdp tUfpwJ> me;jee;jid
vhpr;r neUg;gpd;kpr;rk;> Cik ntapy;> fhyj;jpw;F
xU ehs; Ke;jp> fpof;F rhsuk;> tpbay; tpOJfs;>
gdpnga;Ak; gfy;> tzf;fk;; ts;Stk; (rhfpj;a mfhlkp)
#hpa epoy;> rh;g;gahfk;> xspg;gwit xU fpuhkj;J
ejp> (rhfpj;a mfhjkp)
jpUj;jp vOjpa jPHg;Gfs;> ,d;ndhU NjrpafPjk;>
jkpOf;Fk; epwKz;L> nfhb kuj;jpd; Nth;fs;> ,e;j
g+f;fs; tpw;gidf;F ,y;iy> nga;nadg; nga;Ak; kio.
md;W NtWfpoik> #hpaDf;Fg;gpd;gf;fk;>
flw;fiuapy; rpy kuq;fs;> kPz;Lk; mth;fs;
mfq;fSk; Kfq;fSk;> fhw;W ntspf;fpuhkk;>
fhyj;Jah;> new;wpkz;
mwpag;glhjth;fs; epidthf
,uz;lhtJ #hpa cjak;> akd;> fhdy;thp> vYk;Gf;

This study material is a part of the courseware of Professors Coaching Centre and is specifically designed for the
usage of candidates enrolled with Professors Coaching Centre, Madurai. All rights to the contents of the
courseware rest with Professors Coaching Centre. No other institute, or individual is authorized or entitled to
reproduce, translate or distribute this courseware in any form.

Study Material Professors Coaching Centre, Madurai.

27.

Nrhiyf;fpsp

28.
29.
30.
31.
32.
33.
34.
35.
36.

fp.gp. mutpe;jd;
nropad;
jpUkhtstd;
etpkp
gh.mfpyd;
,uh.kPdhl;rp
ckhkNf];thp
fdpnkhop fUzhepjp
ry;kh

37.

Fl;b Nutjp

38.
39.
40.

Njd;nkhop
,uh.Mde;jp
khyjp ikj;hp

41.

kD\;aGj;jpud;

28

$Lfspd; Ch;tyk;> vhpe;J nfhz;bUf;Fk; Neuk;.


vl;lhtJ eufk;> fhfk; fiyj;j fdT> ghk;G euk;G
kdpjd;.
,dp xU itfiw> Kfk; nfhs; fdtpd; kPjp
Foe;ijfsplk; ngha;fis $whjPHfs;
gdptay; coT> m/Nj gfy;> m/Nj ,uT>
fhT nfhs;sg;gl;l tho;T
gJq;F Fop ehl;fs;
neUQ;rp> RLg+f;fs;> jPghtspg; gfy;
el;rj;jpuq;fspd; eLNt
fUtiw thrid
xUkhiyAk; ,d;ndhU khiyAk;> gr;ir Njtij
g+idiag; Nghy miyAk; ntspr;rk;> Kiyfs;>
jdpikapd; Mapuk; ,wf;iffs;
,irapy;yhj ,iyapy;iy> mehjpfhyk;
jhdha; fope;jJ nghOJ
ePhpd;wp mikahJ cyF> rq;fuhguzp
vd; gUf;ifapy; ahNuh xspe;jpUf;fpwhh;fs;>
,lKk; ,Ug;Gk; ePuhyhdJ. kzypd; fij.

jpwdha;T E}y;fs;:
t.
vz;
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.
12.
13.
14.
15.

Mrphpah;fs;
t.Nt.R.Iah;
Nguhrphpah; Kj;Jrptd;
F.Nfhjz;lghzp gps;is
kh.,uhrkhzpf;fdhh;
rp. ,yf;Ftdhh;
rhkp. rpjk;gudhh;
t.R.g. khzpf;fk;
Fd;wf;Fb mbfshh;
khpgh.rptQhdk;
m.r.Qhdrk;ge;jd;
jkpoz;zy;
r.Nt.Rg;ukzpad;
lhf;lh;.K.tujuhrdhh;
rp.R.nry;yg;gh
v];.uhkfpU\;zd;

16.

fp.th.[

17.

nghd;idad;

jpwdha;T E}y;fs;
Kamba ramayana A study
mrYk;> efYk;> mNrhftdk;
neLey;thil Muha;r;rp
jpUts;Sth; fhyk;> jkpoh; ehfhpfKk; gz;ghLk;>
gj;Jg;ghl;L Muha;r;rp> nghpa Guhz Muha;;r;rp
ts;Sth; tFj;j murpay;> ts;Sth; fz;l ,y;ywk;>
njhy;fhg;gpak; Muha;r;rp tpsf;fk;
fk;gd; fz;l jkpofk;
jkpo;f;fhjy;> ts;Stk; fhg;gpag;ghh;it> njhy;
fhg;gpaf;$ly;
jpUthrfj;Njd;> nghpaGuz nrhw;nghopTfs;
,sq;Nfhtpd;
rpyk;G>
rpyg;gjpfhu
Ma;Tiu>
fypq;fj;Jguzp jpwdha;T
,yf;fpaf;fiy> ,uhtzd; khl;rpAk;> tPo;r;rpAk;.
njhy;fhg;gpahpd; ,yf;fpaf;nfhs;iffs;> rq;f ,yf;fpa
xg;gPL> ,yf;fpaf;nfhs;ifs; xg;gpyf;fpa mwpKfk;.
fk;gd; ,yf;fpa cj;jpfs;> ,yf;fpaf;nfhs;iffs;
,yf;fpa Muha;r;rp> ,yf;fpaj;jpwd;> ,yf;fpa kuG
,yf;fpa tpkh;rdk;
fk;gd; fz;l murpay;> rpwpad rpe;jpahjhs;>
fw;gpd; fdT
jkpo;ehty;fspd; Njhw;wKk; tsh;r;rpAk;
njh.K.rp. uFehjd; tho;Tk; gzpAk;> Kw;Nghf;F
,yf;fpa ,af;fq;fs;.

This study material is a part of the courseware of Professors Coaching Centre and is specifically designed for the
usage of candidates enrolled with Professors Coaching Centre, Madurai. All rights to the contents of the
courseware rest with Professors Coaching Centre. No other institute, or individual is authorized or entitled to
reproduce, translate or distribute this courseware in any form.

Study Material Professors Coaching Centre, Madurai.


jkpotd;
n[aNkhfd;

18.
19.

29

jkpo;f;ftpijAk; nkhopjy; Nfhl;ghLk;.


etPd jkpo; ,yf;fpa mwpKfk;

gaz ,yf;fpa E}y;fs;:


t.
vz;

Mrphpah;fs;

1.

kzpad;

2.

kP.g. NrhkRe;juk;

3.

rptghj Re;juk;

4.

K.tujuhrdhh;

5.

k.ngh.rptQhdk;

6.

mfpyd;
th.K.NrJuhkd;

7.

gaz ,yf;fpa E}y;fs;


,jak; NgRfpwJ
mf;fiur; rPikapNy
Gj;jh; mbr;Rtl;by;
ahd; fz;l ,yq;if
kh];Nfhtpy; ,Ue;J yz;ld; tiu
Nrhtpaj; ehl;by;
kiyehl;bd; kPjpdpNy

Foe;ij ,yf;fpa E}y;fs;:


t.
vz;

Mrphpah;fs;

1.

m.fp.gue;jhkdhh;

2.

kpd;D}h; rPdpthrd;

3.

fy;tp NfhghyfpU\;zd;

4.

mfpyd;

5.

jzpf;if cyfehjd;

6.

jk;gp rPdpthrd;

7.

fp.th.[fd;ehjd;

8.

thz;Lkhkh

9.

Fo.fjpNurd;

10. ne.,.nja;tPfhrpe;jhkzp
11.

g+it v];.MWKfk;

Foe;ij ,yf;fpa E}y;fs;


vq;fs; Njhl;lk;
tz;zkPd;fs;
gwf;Fk; ghg;gh
jq;f efuk;
vypNtl;il
jq;ff; Foe;ijfs;
Foe;ij cyfk;
gwq;fpkiy ghJtp
vyp fbj;j g+id
FUtpapd; rhgk;
jq;fr;rk;gh

tho;f;if tuyhw;W E}y;fs;:


t.
vz;

Mrphpah;fs;

tho;f;if tuyhw;W E}y;fs;

This study material is a part of the courseware of Professors Coaching Centre and is specifically designed for the
usage of candidates enrolled with Professors Coaching Centre, Madurai. All rights to the contents of the
courseware rest with Professors Coaching Centre. No other institute, or individual is authorized or entitled to
reproduce, translate or distribute this courseware in any form.

Study Material Professors Coaching Centre, Madurai.

1.

lhf;lh;.K.tujuhrdhh;

k.ngh.rptQhdk;
jkpo;thzd;
rpjk;gu uFehjd;
kJ.r.tpkyhde;jk;
m.kiwkiyahd;
Re;jh
uh.gp. NrJgps;is
t.uh.
nry;yk;khs; ghujpahh;
jd; tuyhW E}y;fs;:
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.

t.
vz;
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.

mwpQh;.ngh;dl;\h> fhe;jpaz;zy;> ftpQh; jh$h;>


jpU.tp.f. fg;gNyhl;ba jkpod;
tPughz;ba fl;lg;nghk;kd;
g+ypj;Njtd;
GJikg;gpj;jd; tuyhW
jhafk; je;j ehafk;
NguwpQh; mz;zhtpd; ngUtho;T
nghd;dapd; nry;th;
fhy;Lnty; Iah; rhpjk;
kfhftp ghujpahh;
ghujpahh; rhpj;jpuk;

Mrphpah;fs;
ghujpahh;
t.c.rpjk;gudhh;
ehkf;fy; ftpQh;
V.tp.nka;ag;g nrl;bahh;
k.ngh.rp.
fiyQh;.K.fUzhepjp
ftpQh;. fz;zjhrd;

30

jd; tuyhw;W E}y;fs;


Rarhpij
Rarhpij
vd;fij
vdJ tho;f;if mDgtq;fs;
vdJ Nghuhl;lq;fs;
neQ;Rf;F ePjp
tdthrk;> kdthrk;.

rhfpj;a mfhjkp ghpR ngw;w jkpo; E}y;fs;:


t.
vz;
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.
12.
13.
14.
15.
16.
17.
18.
19.
20.
21.
22.

Mz;L
1955
1956
1958
1961
1962
1963
1965
1966
1967
1968
1969
1970
1971
1972
1973
1974
1975
1977
1978
1979
1980
1981

E}y;
jkpo; ,d;gk; (fl;Liufs;)
miy Xir (ehty;)
rf;futh;j;jpj;jpUkfs;(,uhkhazf;fij)
mfy; tpsf;F (ehty;)
mf;fiur;rPikapNy (gaz,yf;fpak;)
Ntq;ifapd; ike;jd; (tuyhw;Wehty;)
= ,uhkhD[h; (tho;f;if tuyhW)
ts;syhh; fz;l xUikg;ghL (jpwdha;T)
tPuh; cyfk; (fl;Liu)
nts;isg;gwit (ftpij)
gprpuhe;ijah; (ehlfk;)
md;gspg;G (rpWfij)
rKjhatPjp (ehty;)
rpy Neuq;fspy; rpy kdpjh;fs; (ehty;)
NtUf;F ePH
jpUf;Fws; ePjp ,yf;fpak; (jpwdha;T)
jw;fhy jkpo; ,yf;fpak; (jpwdha;T)
FUjpg;Gdy; (ehty;)
GJf;ftpijfspd; Njhw;wKk;> tsh;r;rpAk;
(jpwdha;T)
rf;jp itj;jpak; (rpWfijfs;)
Nrukhd; fhjyp (ehty;)
Gjpa ciueil (jpwdha;T)

Mrphpah;
uh.gp.NrJg;gps;is
fy;fp.fpU\;z%Hj;jp
uh[h[p
K. tujuhrd;
kP.g.NrhkRe;juk;
mfpyd;
gp.=.Mr;rhh;ah
k.ngh.rp
fp.th.[fe;ehjd;
m.rPdpthruhftd;
ghujpjhrd;
F.mofphprhkp
eh.ghHj;jruhjp
n[afhe;jd;
uh[k; fpU\;zd;
f.j.jpUehTf;fuR
,uh.jz;lhAjk;
,e;jpuh ghh;j;jrhujp
ty;ypf;fz;zd;
jp.[hdfpuhkd;
ftpQh; fz;zjhrd;
kh.uhkypq;fk;

This study material is a part of the courseware of Professors Coaching Centre and is specifically designed for the
usage of candidates enrolled with Professors Coaching Centre, Madurai. All rights to the contents of the
courseware rest with Professors Coaching Centre. No other institute, or individual is authorized or entitled to
reproduce, translate or distribute this courseware in any form.

Study Material Professors Coaching Centre, Madurai.


23.
24.
25.
26.
27.
28.
29.
30.
31.
32.
33.
34.
35.
36.
37.
38.
39.
40.
41.
42.
43.
44.
45.
46.
47.
48.

1982
1983
1984

kzpf;nfhbf;fhyk; (jpwdha;T)
ghujp fhyKk; fUj;Jk; (jpwdha;T)
xU fhtphpiag; Nghy (ehty;)

1985
1986
1987
1988
1989
1990
1991
1992
1993
1994
1995
1996
1997
1998
1999
2000
2001
2002

fk;gd; : gjpaghh;it (jpwdha;T)


,yf;fpaj;Jf;F xh; ,af;fk; (jpwdha;T)
,uTf;F Kd; tUtJ khiy (rpWfijfs;)
thOk; ts;Sth; (jpwdha;T)
rpe;jhe;jp (jd;tuyhW)
Nthpy; gOj;j gyh (ehty;)
Nfhgy;yGuj;J kf;fs; (ehty;)
Fw;whyf; FwtQ;rp (tuyhw;W ehty;)
fhJfs; (ehty;)
Gjpa jhprdq;fs; (ehty;)
thdk; trg;gLk;
mg;ghtpd; rpNefpjh; (rpWfij)
rha;T ehw;fhyp (ehty;)
tprhuidf;fkp\d; (ehty;)
Myhgid (ftpij)
tpkh;rdq;fs; kjpg;Giufs; Ngl;bfs;
Rje;ju jhfk; (ehty;)
xU fpuhkj;J ejp (ftpij)

2003
2004
2005
2008
2011

fs;spf;fhl;L ,jpfhl;L (ehty;)


tzf;fk; ts;Stk; (ftpij)
fy;kuk; (ehty;)
kpd;rhug;g+f;fs; (rpWfij)
fhty; Nfhl;lk; (ehty;)

31

gp.v];.uhikah
njh.K.rp.uFehjd;
jphpGuRe;jhp
(nyl;Rkp)
m.r.Qhdrk;ge;jd;
ftp. Rg;ukzpad;
Mjtd;
th.nr.Foe;ijrhkp
y.rh.uhkhkph;jk;
R. rKj;jpuk;
fp.uh[ehuhazd;
Nfh.tp.kzpNrfud;
vk;.tp. ntq;fl;uhkd;
nghd;dpad;
gpugQ;rd;
Njhg;gpy; KfkJ kPuhd;
mNrhkpj;ud;
rh.fe;jrhkp
mg;Jy; uFkhd;
jp.f.rptrq;fud;
rpR.nry;yg;gh
rpw;gp
ghyRg;gpukzpad;
ftpQh; ituKj;J
ftpQh; jkpod;gd;
jpyftjp
Nkyhz;ik nghd;Drhkp
R.ntq;fNlrd;

myF 1 (M) nghUj;Jjy;


khjphp tpdhf;fs;
nghUj;Jf

FwpaPLfs;
1

FLk;gtpsf;F

m)

m)

2
3

Njk;ghtzp
ghQ;rhyp

tPukhKdpth;
M) ghujpjhrd;
,) Nrf;fpohh;

M)
,)

m
M

<
m

,
<

M
,

<) ghujpahh;

<)

<

rgjk;
4 nghpaGuhzk;
tpil : ,

nghUj;Jf

FwpaPLfs;
1

1 jpUtUl;gh
2 jpUthrfk;
3 ehyhapuj;jpt;tpag;

- m) ehad;khh;
- M) Mo;thh;fs;
- ,)khzpf;fthrfh;

m)
M)
,)

m
<
,

M ,
, M
< m

<
m
M

gpuge;jk;
4 gd;dpUjpUKiwfs;

- <),uhkypq;f

<)

m <

This study material is a part of the courseware of Professors Coaching Centre and is specifically designed for the
usage of candidates enrolled with Professors Coaching Centre, Madurai. All rights to the contents of the
courseware rest with Professors Coaching Centre. No other institute, or individual is authorized or entitled to
reproduce, translate or distribute this courseware in any form.

Study Material Professors Coaching Centre, Madurai.

32

mbfs;
tpil : M
nghUj;Jf

3
1
2
3
4
tpil :

jpUte;jhjp
vopNyhtpak;
,NaRfhtpak;
jpUntq;ifcyh
<

m) rptg;gpufhr Rthkpfs;
M) fz;zjhrd;
,) thzpjhrd;
<) ek;gpahz;lhh; ek;gp

FwpaPLfs;
m)
M)
,)
<)

nghUj;Jf

4
1
2
3

kNdhfuh
nrhh;f;fthry;
xNuKj;jk;

- m) mwpQh; mz;zh
- M) xsit rz;Kfk;
gk;ky;
rk;ge;j
- ,)

M
M
,
<

m
m
<
,

<
,
m
M

,
<
M
m

FwpaPLfs;
1

m)
M)
,)

m
,
<

,
M
m <
m M

<
M
,

<)

M <

Kjypahh;

4 me;jkhd; fhjyp
tpil : M

- <) fUzhepjp

nghUj;Jf

5
1
2

jpUf;Fw;why cyh
%tUyh

3
4

jkpo;tpLJ}J
ehiutpLJ}J

m) xl;lf;$j;jh;
M)jphp$luhrg;gf;
ftpuhah;
,) rj;jpKj;Jg;Gyth;
<)
ngah;
mwpe;jpyh;

FwpaPLfs;
1

m)
M)

M
m

m
M

,
<

<
,

,)
<)

M
M

m
<

<
,

,
m

tpil : ,
6. jkpo;ehl;bd; khgrhd; vd;wiof;fg; ngWgth;
m) n[afhe;jd;
M) Gyikg;gpj;jd;
,) GJikg;gpj;jd;
<)nksdp
tpil : (,)
7. mz;zhitj; jkpo;ehl;L ngh;dhl;\h vd;W ghuhl;bath;
m) ghujpjhrd;
M)fiyQh;
,)fy;fp
<),uhrhrp
tpil : (,)
8. jkpo;j;jha; tho;j;J ,lk; ngw;w E}y;
m) rpyg;gjpfhuk;
M) kNdhz;kzPak;
,) kzpNkfiy <)jkpo;tpLJ}J
tpil : (M)
9. jkpo; Kjy; Gjpdk; (ehty;) ,aw;wpath;
m)c.Nt.rh
M)kiwkiyabfs;
,)kPdhl;rpRe;juk;gps;is <)Ntjehafk;gps;is
nghUj;Jf

10
1
2

fypq;fj;Jg;guzp
kPdhl;rpak;ik

m) Kbaurd;
M)ftpkzp

FwpaPLfs;
m)
M)

<
M

m
,

,
<

M
m

This study material is a part of the courseware of Professors Coaching Centre and is specifically designed for the
usage of candidates enrolled with Professors Coaching Centre, Madurai. All rights to the contents of the
courseware rest with Professors Coaching Centre. No other institute, or individual is authorized or entitled to
reproduce, translate or distribute this courseware in any form.

Study Material Professors Coaching Centre, Madurai.


gps;isj;jkpo;
3 kyUk; khiyAk;
4 g+q;nfhb
tpil : ,

,) nraq;nfhz;lhh;
<);FkuFUguh;

,)
<)

nghUj;Jf

11
1 ey;top
2 ed;ndwp
3 nghpaGuhzk;
4 esntz;gh
tpil : m

m)
M)
,)
<)

nghUj;Jf

12
1 ahg;gUq;fyk;
2 tPuNrhopak;
3 Nekpehjk;
4 ed;D}y;
tpil : M

M
M

m
,

,
m
M
<

m
M
m
,

<
,
,
m

M
<
<
M

FwpaPLfs;

m) FztPugz;bjh;
M) Gj;jkpj;jpuh
,) gtze;jpKdpth;
<) mkph;jrhfuh;

<
m

FwpaPLfs;

m) rptg;gpufhrh;
M)GNfoe;jp
,) xsitahh;
<) Nrf;fpohh;

,
<

33

m)
M)
,)
<)

M
<
,
m

<
M
<
<

m
m
M
,

,
,
m
M

mzp ,yf;fzk;
1. mzp ,yf;fzk; vd;gJ ahJ?

nrhy;yoF> nghUsoF> fw;gidaoF Nghd;w gy;NtW moFfs; Njhd;w ghlg;gl;l


nra;As;fspy; fhzg;gLk; mofpid tphpj;Jiug;gJ mzp ,yf;fzk;.
2. mzp vd;gjd; nghUs; ahJ?

mzp = moF

3. mzp vd;gjw;F NtWnghUs;?

1.moF>

2.eif>

3.thpir

4. mzpe;Jnfhs;

4. ctik mzp

ctkhdKk; ctNkaKk; jdpj;jdpNa epd;W ctk cUG ntspg;glj;Njhd;wp tUtJ.


(v.fh) cLf;if ,oe;jtd; ifNghy Mq;Nf
,Lf;fz; fistjhk; el;G.
ctkhdk; (ctik)

cLf;if ,oe;jtd; if

ctNkak;

,Lf;fz; fistJ el;G

ctk cUG

Nghy

5. ctikazp gapd;Ws;s rpy Fwl;ghf;fs;

etpy;njhWk; E}y;eak; ..................


gz;gpyhd; ngw;w .................
mOf;fhWilahd;fz; Mf;fk; Nghd;w
Cf;fk; cilahd; xLf;fk;
nfhf;nfhf;f $k;Gk;
Fd;Nwwp ahidg; Nghh;
6. ctk cUGfs; :

8 - Mk; tFg;G

10-Mk; tFg;G

This study material is a part of the courseware of Professors Coaching Centre and is specifically designed for the
usage of candidates enrolled with Professors Coaching Centre, Madurai. All rights to the contents of the
courseware rest with Professors Coaching Centre. No other institute, or individual is authorized or entitled to
reproduce, translate or distribute this courseware in any form.

Study Material Professors Coaching Centre, Madurai.

34

Nghy> Giua> Nghd;W> xg;g> cwo> khd. fLg;g> ,iaa> Va;g;g> Neu> epfu>
md;d> ,d;d> mida> mw;W> kw;W> Mq;F Nghd;wit.
7. vLj;Jf;fhl;L ctikazp

ctkhdKk; ctNkaKk; jdpj;jdpNa epd;W> ,ilapy; ctk cUG kiwe;J tUtJ.


(v.fh) epyj;jpay; ghy; ePHjphpe;J mw;whFk; khe;jh;f;F
,dj;jpay;g jhFk; mwpT.
ctkhdk; : epyj;jpay;ghy; ePhjphpe;J mw;whFk;
ctNkak; : khe;jh;f;F ,dj;jpay;gjhFk; mwpT
ctk cUG : ,y;iy (kiwe;JsJ).
8. vLj;Jf;fhl;L ctikazp gapd;Ws;s rpy Fws;fs;
1. Kjypyhh;f; $jpakpy;iy ................ (10-Mk; tFg;G)
2. Nkhg;gf; FioAk; mdpr;rk; ........................
3. nts;sj;jida kyh;ePl;lk; .........................
4. Gwe;J}a;ik ePuhdikAk; .................. (8Mk; tFg;G)
9. cUtf mzp

ctkhdk; NtW> ctNkak; NtW vd;W Njhd;whj tifapy;> ctkhdj;jpd; jd;ikia


ctNkaj;jpd;Nky; Vw;wpf; $WtJ.
kjp Nghd;w Kfk; - ctik
Kfkhfpakjp
- cUtfk;.
(v.fh)
kdnkDk; Njhzpgw;wp kjpnaDk; Nfhiy Cd;wp
rpdnkDk; ruf;if Vw;wpr;nrwpfly; XLk;NghJ
kdndDk; ghiwjhf;fp kwpAk;Ngh jwpanthz;zhJ
cidADk; czh;it ey;fha; xw;wpa+h; cilaNfhNt.
kdk; NjhzpahfTk;> kjpNfhyhfTk;> rpdk; ruf;fhfTk;> kdd; ghiwahfTk;> cUtfg;
gLj;jg; ngw;Ws;sd. (kdd; = ehd; vDk; nrUf;F)

kw;Nwhh; vLj;Jf;fhl;L :
1. neQ;rfNk Nfhapy; epidNt Rfe;jk; md;Ng
kQ;rdePH g+ir nfhs;s thuha; guhguNk!
2. mUnsDk; md;gPd; Fotp ......... (10-Mk; tFg;G)
10. VfNjr cUtf mzp

xg;GikAila

,UnghUs;fSs;

xd;wid

kl;Lk;

cUtfg;gLj;jp

tpl;L>kw;nwhd;iw

cUtfg;gLj;jhJ tpl;L tpLtJ.


(v.fh)
gpwtpg; ngUq;fly; ePe;Jth; ePe;jhh;.
,iwtdb Nruh jth; ... (9-Mk; tFg;G)
,jpy; gpwtpia flyhf cUtfpj;J tpl;L> ,iwtdbiaj; njg;gkhf cUtfg;gLj;jhky; tpl;L
tpl;likahy; ,f;Fwl;ghtpy; gapd;Ws;sJ. VfNjr cUtf mzpahFk;.
(v.fh: 2) ,d;gk; tpioahd; tpid tpiothd; jd;Nfsph;
Jd;gk; Jilj;J}d;Wk; J}z;.
11. ,y; nghUs; ctikazp
cyfpy; ,y;yhj xd;iwNah> epfohj xd;iwNah ctikahff; $Wjy;.
(v.fh:1) fUQhapW md;d ,uhkd;
fUg;Gr;#hpad; - cyfpy; ,y;yhj xd;iw ctkpj;jy;
,kak; vOe;J cyTtJ Nghy
This study material is a part of the courseware of Professors Coaching Centre and is specifically designed for the
usage of candidates enrolled with Professors Coaching Centre, Madurai. All rights to the contents of the
courseware rest with Professors Coaching Centre. No other institute, or individual is authorized or entitled to
reproduce, translate or distribute this courseware in any form.

Study Material Professors Coaching Centre, Madurai.

(v.fh:2)

35

,kak; vOe;J cyTtJ epfohj xd;W


md;gfj; jpy;yh caph;tho;f;if td;ghw;fz;
tw;wy; kuk; jsph;j; jw;W.
(9-Mk; tFg;G)

12. gpwpJ nkhopjy; mzp

gpwpJ = Ntnwhd;W> nkhopjy; = $Wjy;


ftpQh; jhd; $wte;j fUj;ij Neubahff; $whky; mjw;F xj;jf; fUj;Jila Ntnwhd;iwf; $wp
nghUs; tpsq;fr; nra;jy;.

This study material is a part of the courseware of Professors Coaching Centre and is specifically designed for the
usage of candidates enrolled with Professors Coaching Centre, Madurai. All rights to the contents of the
courseware rest with Professors Coaching Centre. No other institute, or individual is authorized or entitled to
reproduce, translate or distribute this courseware in any form.

Study Material Professors Coaching Centre, Madurai.


ghpaJ $h;q;Nfhl;l jhapDk; ahid
nt&ck; Gypjhf; Fwpd;.
NguurdhapDk; Cf;fkpy;yhjhdha; ,Ue;jhy;>

36

(v.fh)

Cf;fkpf;f

rpw;wurd;

jhf;fpd;

mQ;Rthd; vdf;$w te;j fUj;ijf; $whJ. Gyth;> ahid- Gyp vd;w Ntnwhd;iwf; $wp
tpsq;fr; nra;fpwhh;.
v.fh:2:
gPypnga; rhfhLk; mr;rpWk; mg;gz;lk;
rhy kpFj;Jg; ngapd;.
v.fh:3:
fhd Kanya;j md;gpdpy; ahid
gpioj;j NtNye;jy; ,dpJ.
13. Ntw;Wik mzp

,U nghUl;fisf; $Wq;fhy; Kjypy; ,uz;lDf;Fk; cs;s xw;Wikiaf; $wpg; gpd;dh;


xd;wpypUe;J xd;iw NtWgLj;jpf; fhl;LtJ.
(v.fh)
jPapdhw; Rl;lGz; cs;shWk; MwhNj
ehtpdhw; Rl;l tL.
xw;Wik jPAk;> jPr;nrhy;Yk; RLk; jd;ikad
Ntw;Wik jPapdhy; Rl;l Gz; MwptpLk;
ehtpdhy; Rl;lGz; MwhJ.
14. jw;Fwpg;Ngw;wzp

jd; + Fwpg;G + Vw;wk; = jw;Fwpg;Ngw;wk;> ftpQh;> ,aw;ifahf epfOk;


epfo;;r;rpapd; kPJ jd; fUj;ij (fw;gidia) Vw;wpf; $WtJ.
(v.fh)
NghUoe;njLj;j Mnuapy; neLq;nfhb
thuy; vd;gd Nghy; kwpj;Jf; iffhl;l
fz;zfp - Nfhtyd; kJiu efUs; GFq;fhy;> kjpw;Rthpy; cs;s nfhbfs; ,ay;ghff; fhw;wpy;
mire;J nfhz;bUf;fpd;wd. tuhjPH vdj;jLj;Jf; ifairg;gjhf ,sq;Nfh jd; fUj;ij Vw;wpf;
$Wfpwhh;.

15. tQ;rg;Gfo;r;rp mzp

Gfo;tJ Nghyg; gopj;jYk;> gopg;gJ Nghyg; Gfo;tJk; tQ;rg; Gfo;r;rp mzp.


Gfo;tJ Nghyg; gopj;jy; :
Njt uidah; fath; mtUk;jhk;
Nktd nra;njhOt uhd;.
gopg;gJ Nghd;W Gfo;jy; :
ghhp ghhp vd;W gy Vj;jp
xUtw; Gfo;th; nre;ehg; Gyth;
ghhp xUtD ky;yd;
khhpA Kz;Bz; LyFGug; gJNt
16. nrhw;nghUs; gpd;tU epiyazp

nra;Aspy; Kd;dh; te;j nrhy; mNj nghUspy; kPz;Lk; kPz;Lk; gyKiw tUtJ.
(v.fh)
vy;yh tpsf;Fk; tpsf;fy;y rhd;Nwhh;f;Fg;
ngha;ah tpsf;Nf tpsf;F.
,jpy; tpsf;F vd;Dk; nrhy; mNj nghUspy; gyKiw te;Js;sJ.
v.fh: 2: nrhy;Yf nrhy;ypw; gaDila nrhy;yw;f
nrhy;ypw; gadpyhr; nrhy.;
v.fh:3:
nghUsy; ytiug; nghUshfr; nra;Ak;
nghUsy; yjpy;iy nghUs;.
This study material is a part of the courseware of Professors Coaching Centre and is specifically designed for the
usage of candidates enrolled with Professors Coaching Centre, Madurai. All rights to the contents of the
courseware rest with Professors Coaching Centre. No other institute, or individual is authorized or entitled to
reproduce, translate or distribute this courseware in any form.

Study Material Professors Coaching Centre, Madurai.

37

17. ,ul;Lw nkhopjy; mzp :

xU nrhy; ,UnghUs;gl mike;J tUjy;.


(v.fh)
jiytphpf;Fk; g+r;#Lk; jz;il mzpAk;
,iytphpj;J ey;Yzit <Ak;tpiy kjpf;f
nthz;zh guk;giuia cw;gj;jp nra;jpL ew;
ngz;zhFk; thio kuk;.
ngz;Zf;Fk; thio kuj;jpw;Fk; nghUe;jf; $wy;.
ngz;
thio
jiytphpf;Fk;
Fspj;Jj; jiytphpg;ghs;
thio cr;rpapy; jiytphpf;Fk;
g+r;#Lk;
jiyapy; g+r;#Lths;
Fiyjs;spg;g+itr;#b epw;Fk;
jz;il vDk; fhyzp
jz;Lg;gFjpAilaJ.
,iytphpj;J czT ghpkhWths;
cz;gjw;F ,iyia toq;Fk;
guk;giuahfg; gps;isfs; ngWths;
thiof; fd;Wfs; cUthFk;.
v.fh:2:
Mbf; Flj;jilAk; MLk;Ngh NjapiuAk;
%bj; jpwf;fpd; Kfq;fhl;Lk; - Xbkz;il
gw;wpd; gugunDk; ghhpy; gpz; zhf;F Kz;lhk;
cw;wp Lghk; ngs;NsdNt NthJ.
,J nrk;nkhopr;rpNyil.
18. ,ay;G etpw;rp mzp : (jd;ik etpw;rp mzp)

cs;sij cs;sthW ,ay;ghd Kiwapy; moFglg; nghUs;; tpsq;FkhW $WtJ ,ay;G etpw;rp
mzp vdg;gLk;. ,jidj; jd;ik etpw;rp mzp vd;Wk; $Wth;.
(v.fh)
Kaw;rp jpUtpid Mf;Fk; Kaw;wpd;ik
,d;ik GFj;jp tpLk;.
,f;Fwl;ghtpy; Kaw;rp> Kaw;rpapd;ik Mfpatw;wpd;

tpisTfis

ts;Sth;

cs;sJ

cs;sthW ,ay;ghff; $wpAs;shh;.


19. cah;T etpw;rp mzp

xU nghUspd; cah;it kpfTk; cah;j;jp rpwg;gpj;J moFglf;$WtJ cah;T etpw;rp


mzpahFk;.
v.fh:
1. tpz;jlT NfhGuk;
2. thd; Gfo;>nfhz;l jkpo;ehL (Gfopd; kpFjpiaf; fhl;l thd;Nghy; gue;j jkpo;ehL
vd;w nghUsike;Js;sJ).
3. kPJaHe;j ,UNjhs;fs; xspia thhp tPRfpd;w Fd;wq;fs;. (Njhs;fspd; Mw;wiy
xsptPRk; kiyf;Fd;wq;fs; vd kpifglg; ghujpjhrd; $wpAs;shh;).
20. ,ul;Lw nkhopjy; mzpiar; rpNyil vd;gh; tlE}yhh;
21. nrk;nkhopr;rpNyil> gphpnkhopr; rpNyil vd ,Utif.
22. nrk;nkhopr; rpNyil : xNu nrhy; gphpglhky; epd;W gy nghUs; jUtJ.

(v.fh) tpdh vz; : 17 fhz;f.

This study material is a part of the courseware of Professors Coaching Centre and is specifically designed for the
usage of candidates enrolled with Professors Coaching Centre, Madurai. All rights to the contents of the
courseware rest with Professors Coaching Centre. No other institute, or individual is authorized or entitled to
reproduce, translate or distribute this courseware in any form.

Study Material Professors Coaching Centre, Madurai.

38

23. gphpnkhopr;rpNyil : xU nrhy; jdpj;J epd;W xU nghUisAk;> gphpe;J epd;W

NtnwhU nghUisAk; jUtJ.


(v.fh)
Vw;Wkpd; tpsf;if ,UsfyNt
(tpsf;if Vw;Wf vdg;nghUs;)

(v.fh:2)

Vw;W kpd;tpsf;if ,UsfyNt


(kpd; tpsf;if Vw;W vdg;nghUs;)
fhtyiur; #Ok;
fhtyh; - kd;dd;
fh + myh; (fhtyh;) - Nrhiykyh;

24. mzp ,yf;fzk; Fwpj;j tphpthd ,yf;fz E}y;fs;

1. jz;bayq;fhuk;
2. khwdyq;fhuk;

This study material is a part of the courseware of Professors Coaching Centre and is specifically designed for the
usage of candidates enrolled with Professors Coaching Centre, Madurai. All rights to the contents of the
courseware rest with Professors Coaching Centre. No other institute, or individual is authorized or entitled to
reproduce, translate or distribute this courseware in any form.

Study Material Professors Coaching Centre, Madurai.

39

ahg;gpyf;fzk;
1. ahg;gpyf;fzk; vjidf; fw;gpf;fpwJ?

nra;As; ,aw;Wk; ,yf;fzj;ijf; fw;gpf;fpwJ.


2. ahg;G vd;gjd; nghUs; fl;Ljy;

vOj;J> mir> rPH Kjypatw;why; fl;lg;gLtJ.


3. nra;ASf;Fhpa NtW ngah;fs;:
4.
5.

6.

7.

ahg;G> ftpij> gh> ghl;L> J}f;F Kjypad.


nra;As; cWg;Gfs; vj;jid? ahit?
MW:- vOj;J> mir> rPH> jis> mb> njhil.
mir
Fwpy;> neby;> xw;W vd;Dk; vOj;Jfshy; mirf;fg;gLtJ (fl;lg;gLtJ) mir.
,Utifg;gLk; : 1 Neuir
2. epiuair
Neuit mikAk; Kiw :
1. neby; jdpj;J tUk;
Nfh> fh
2. Fwpy; jdpj;J tUk;
op> f
3. neby; xw;wLj;J tUk; Nte;> fhy;
4. Fwpy; xw;wLj;J tUk;
jy;> fy;
epiuair mikAk; Kiw
1. ,UFwpy; ,ize;J tUk; -------------------ntwp
2. Fwpy; neby; ,ize;J tUk; -------------------- Rwh
3. ,UFwpy; ,ize;J xw;wLj;J tUk; ---------epwk;
4. Fwpy; neby; ,ize;J xw;wLj;J tUk; ------ Fuhy;

8. Xuir vd;gJ ntz;ghtpd; ,Wjpapy; kl;LNk tUk;. mJ Neh;> epiu> Neh;G> epiuG mir.
9. Neh;G> epiuG mirfshtJ:

ntz;ghtpd; <w;Wr;rPH> xuirahf ,Uf;Fk; vd;gJ tpjp. vdNt Neh; Neh; vd;W
<uirahf tUkhapd; mjid Neh;G vd Mf;fp Xuirahf;fy; Ntz;Lk;. (ed;/W-Neh; Neh;)
<w;nwOj;J cfuk; Vwp thpd;> Neh; mLj;J thpd; Neh;G vd;Wk; epiuaLj;J thpd;
epiuG vd;Wk; Mf;Ff. (ed;W - Neh;G; cah;T -epiuG).
10. rPH

,Utpj mirfSk; jdpj;Jk;> ,ize;Jk; miktJ rPH vdg;gLk;.


11. rPH ehd;F tifg;gLk;

1. Xuirr;rPH
2. <uirr;rPH
3. %tifr;rPH
4. ehyirr;rPH
12. Xuirr;rPH (4)
ntz;ghtpd; <w;wbapd; <w;Wr;rPH kl;LNk Xuirahf tUk;.
mir
tha;g;ghL
Neh;
ehs;
epiu
kyh;
Neh;G
fhR
epiuG
gpwg;G
13. <uirr;rPH (4)
mir
tha;g;ghL
Neh; Neh;
Nj kh
epiu Neh;Gsp kh
khr;rPH (2)
Neh; epiu $ tpsk;
epiu epiu fU tpsk;
tpsr;rPH (2)
14. <uirr;rPH ,aw;rPH vdTk; toq;fg;gLk;.
This study material is a part of the courseware of Professors Coaching Centre and is specifically designed for the
usage of candidates enrolled with Professors Coaching Centre, Madurai. All rights to the contents of the
courseware rest with Professors Coaching Centre. No other institute, or individual is authorized or entitled to
reproduce, translate or distribute this courseware in any form.

Study Material Professors Coaching Centre, Madurai.

40

Mrphpag;ghtpw;F chpj;jhtjhy; Mrphpa chpr;rPH vd;Wk; toq;Fth;.


15. %tifr;rPH (8)

<uirr;rPH ehd;fNdhLk; Neh;> epiu Mfpa ,uz;ilAk; jdpj;jdpNa ,Wjpapy; Nrh;j;jhy;


%tifr;rPH vl;lhFk;.
mir
Neh; Neh; Neh; epiu Neh; Neh; Neh; epiu Neh; epiu epiu Neh; Neh; Neh; epiu epiu Neh; epiu Neh; epiu epiu epiu epiu epiu -

tha;g;ghL
Nj khq; fha;
Gsp khq; fha;
$ tpsq; fha;
fU tpsq; fha;
Nj khq; fdp
Gsp khq; fdp
$ tpsq; fdp
fU tpsq; fdp

fha;r;rPH (4)
(ntz;gh chpr;rPH)
fdpr;rPH (4)
(tQ;rpAhpr;rPH)

16. fha;r;rPH: ehd;Fk; ntz;ghTf;F chpajhy; ntz;ghThpr;;rPH vdg;gLk;

fdpr;rPH : ehd;Fk; tQ;rpg;ghTf;Fhpajhy; tQ;rpAhpr;rPH vdg;gLk;.


17. ehyirr;rPH : (16)

%tirr;rPH vl;Lld; ,Wjpapy; Neuir Nrh;j;jhy; jz;g+ vd;w ehd;Fk; eWk;g+ vd;w
ehd;Fkhf 8 rPHfs;.

(Nj khe;jz;g+ -------- Nj kh eWk;g+). ,it

NehPw;Wg;

nghJr;rPH. %tirr;rPH vl;Lld; ,Wjpapy; epiuair Nrh;j;jhy; jz;epoy; vd;w ehd;Fk;


eWepoy; vd;w ehd;Fkhf vl;Lr;rPH. Mf> ehyirr;rPH nkhj;jk; 16.
(Njkhe;ejz;zpoy;------------- Nj kh eWepoy;).
18. ntz;ghtpd; <w;Wr;rPH Xuirahf mikAk;.

Xh;Ma;Tr; nra;jp : (gjpd;ftdfh; jpU.,uhikah)


jpUf;Fwspy; <w;Wr;rPH mike;Js;s Kiw
ehs; tha;ghl;by; KbTw;wit 174 Fwl;ghf;fs;
kyh; tha;;ghl;by; KbTw;wit 665 Fwl;ghf;fs;
fhR tha;ghl;by; KbTw;wit
200 Fwl;ghf;fs;
gpwg;G tha;ghl;by; KbTw;wit
291 Fwl;ghf;fs;
nkhj;jk;
1330 Fwl;ghf;fs;
19. jis

jis = fl;L. rPHfs; xd;Nwhnlhd;W fl;Lg;gl;L epw;Fk; epiy> jis vdg;gLk;.


epd;w rPhpd; <w;wirAk; tUQ;rPhpd; KjyirAk; xd;wpAk;> xd;whkYk; miktJ jis.
20. jis VO tifg;gLk;
1. Nenuhd;whrphpaj;jis
(kh Kd; Neh; tUtJ)
tq;/fk; jd;/ndhLk;
Ne ne
Ne
ep
Nj kh
2. epiunahd;whrphpaj;jis (tpsk; Kd; epiu tUtJ)
grpg;/gpzp aW/nfd
ep
ep
ep
ep
fU tpsk;
Fwpg;G
:
Nenuhd;whrphpaj;
jisAk;
epiunahd;whrphpaj;jisAk;
Mrphpag;ghtpw; Fhpad. gpw jisfSk; tUk;.
3. ,aw;rPH ntz;lis
(kh Kd; epiuAk;> tpsk; Kd; NeUk; tUtJ)
This study material is a part of the courseware of Professors Coaching Centre and is specifically designed for the
usage of candidates enrolled with Professors Coaching Centre, Madurai. All rights to the contents of the
courseware rest with Professors Coaching Centre. No other institute, or individual is authorized or entitled to
reproduce, translate or distribute this courseware in any form.

Study Material Professors Coaching Centre, Madurai.

41

m)

G+k;/Gfhh; - Nghw;/WJk;
Ne ep
Ne
ep - tpsk; Kd; Neh; te;j ,aw;rPH ntz;lis
$ tpsk;
M)
Xq; / fpg; - gue;/njhO
Ne
Ne
ep ep
- kh Kd; epiu te;j ,aw;rPH ntz;lis
Nj
kh
4. ntz;rPH ntz;lis : (fha; Kd; Neh; tUtJ)
neLq;/fl/Yk; - jd;/ePH/ik
ep
ep Ne - Ne Ne Ne
fU tpsq; fha;
Fwpg;G : ,aw;rPH ntz;lisAk;> ntz;rPH ntz;lisAk; ntz;ghtpw;Fhpait. ,itad;wp
ntz;ghtpy; NtW jisfs; thuh.
5. fypj;jis (fha; Kd; epiu tUtJ)
eP/ uh / Uq; fl/YLj;/j
Ne Ne Ne ep ep
Ne
Nj kh fha;
6. xd;wpa tQ;rpj;jis: (fdp Kd; epiu tUtJ)
jz;/lh/kiuj; - jdp / kyh; / kpir
Ne Ne ep
ep
ep
ep
Nj khq; fdp
7. xd;whj tQ;rpj;jis : (fdp Kd; Neh; tUtJ)
fh / dpy; / tsh;
fh/uhg; / Nghy;
Ne
Nj

Ne

ep

Ne Ne

Ne

khq; fdp

Fwpg;G : xd;wpa> xd;whj tQ;rpj;jisfs; tQ;rpg;ghtpw;F chpad.


21. epidtpy; epWj;Jf

1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.

kh Kd; epiu
tpsk; Kd; Neh;
fha; Kd; Neh;
kh Kd; Neh;
tpsk; Kd; epiu
fha; Kd; epiu
fdp Kd; epiu fdp Kd; epiu -

,aw;rPH ntz;lis
ntz;rPH ntz;lis
ntz;gh
Nenuhd;wpa Mrphpaj;jis
epiunahd;whrphpaj;jis
Mrphpag;gh
fypj;jis
fypg;gh
xd;wpa tQ;rpj;jis
xd;whj tQ;rpj;jis
tQ;rpg;gh.

22. mb

rPHfs; gy mLj;J elg;gJ mb


mb Ie;J tifg;gLk;.
1. Fwsb
2. rpe;jb
23. Fwsb :

3. mstb

4.nebyb

5.fopnebyb

,U rPHfshy; Md mb
nghd;nra; kd;wpy; tho;

2. rpe;jb:

%d;W rPHfshy; Md mb

epw;f mjw;Fj; jf
This study material is a part of the courseware of Professors Coaching Centre and is specifically designed for the
usage of candidates enrolled with Professors Coaching Centre, Madurai. All rights to the contents of the
courseware rest with Professors Coaching Centre. No other institute, or individual is authorized or entitled to
reproduce, translate or distribute this courseware in any form.

Study Material Professors Coaching Centre, Madurai.

42

3. mstb : ehd;F rPHfshy; Md mb


mfu Kjy vOj;njy;yhk; Mjp
4. nebyb : Ie;J rPHfshy; Md mb
gpwg;gp dhy;vth;f;Fk; cyfpy;
ngUik thuhjg;gh
5. fopnebyb : Ie;Jf;Fk; Nkw;gl;l rPHfshy; Md mb.
Njlf; fhz;gJ ey;ywk; fPHj;jp
jpUf;Fw; whyh;njd; Mhpa ehNl
(,/J vz;rPH fop nebybahFk;).
24. nghUj;Jf

1.
2.
3.
4.

Fwsb
rpe;jb
mstb
nebyb

,U rPHfs;
Kr;rPH;fs;
ehw;rPHfs;
Ie;JrPHfs;.

25. njhil

njhil = njhLf;fg;gLtJ. njhil = khiy. khiyapy; kyh;fisj; njhLg;gJ Nghd;W> rPHfspYk;


mbfspYk; vJif> Nkhid Kjypad mikaj; njhLg;gJ njhil.
26. njhil Fwpj;j gonkhop

njhilaw;w ghl;L eilaw;Wg; NghFk;.


27. njhil Ie;J tifg;gLk;

1. Nkhid 2. vJif 3.Kuz; 4.,isG 5. msngil


28. Nkhidj; njhil : (Kjy; vOj;J xd;wp tUtJ)

nra;Aspy; Kjybapd; KjnyOj;Jk;> ,uz;lhkbapy; KjnyOj;Jk; xd;wptUtJ. ,/J mb


Nkhid.
(v.fh) J}q;Ff J}q;fpr; nraw;ghy J}q;fw;g
J}q;fhJ nra;Ak; tpid.
Xubapy; Kjy;rPhpd; KjnyOj;J xd;wpapUg;gJ rPHNkhid
Jg;ghh;f;Fj; Jg;gha Jg;ghf;fpj; Jg;ghh;;f;F
2. vJifj;njhil : (2-Mk; vOj;J xd;wp tUtJ)
Xubf;Fs;NsNa 2-Mk; vOj;J xd;WtJ rPHvJif
Jg;ghh;f;Fj; Jg;gha Jg;ghf;fpj; Jg;ghh;;f;F
Kjybapd; 2-Mk; vOj;Jk; ,uz;lhkbapd; 2-Mk; vOj;Jk; xd;wp ,Ug;gJ
Jg;ghh;f;Fj; Jg;gha Jg;ghf;fpj; Jg;ghh;;f;Fj;
Jg;gha J}ck; kio

mb vJif

3. Kuz;njhil : Kjw;nrhy; Kuz;gl;L epw;gJ (vjph;r;nrhy;)


Kw;gfy; nra;apd; gpw;gfy; tpisAk; - rPH Kuz;
nfLg;gJ}ck; nfl;lhh;f;Fr;
mb Kuz;
vLg;gJ}ck; vy;yhk; kio.
4. ,iaGj; njhil
nra;Aspy; mbfspYk; rPHfspYk; ,Wjp vOj;Njh> mirNah> rPnuh xd;wp tUtJ.
m)
nfhz;ly; NfhGuk; mz;ilapy; $Lk;
This study material is a part of the courseware of Professors Coaching Centre and is specifically designed for the
usage of candidates enrolled with Professors Coaching Centre, Madurai. All rights to the contents of the
courseware rest with Professors Coaching Centre. No other institute, or individual is authorized or entitled to
reproduce, translate or distribute this courseware in any form.

Study Material Professors Coaching Centre, Madurai.

M)

43

nfhbfs; thdk; gbju %Lk;


fz;l Nguz;lj; jz;liy ehLk;
fdf Kd;wpy; mdk; tpis ahLk;.
cg;Gf;fy;iy itunkd;W nrhd;dhy; - mij
xg;Gf;nfhs;Sk; %lUf;F Kd;dhy;.

5. msngil : Kjw;rPhpy; msngil gpwrPHfspYk; thpd; rPH msngil.


Kjybapd; Kjw;rPhpYk; ,uz;lhkbapd; Kjy; rPhpYk; msngil gapd;W tUjy; mb
msngil.
nfLg;gJ}ck; nfl;lhh;f;Fr; ----------mb msngil
vLg;gJ}ck; vy;yhk; kio.
29. njhil tpfw;gq;fs;

mb> ,iz> nghopg;G> x&c> $io> Nkw;fJtha;> fPo;f;fJtha;> Kw;W vd vz;tif


(Nkhid> vJif> Kuz;> ,iaA> msngil Mfpa njhilfs; Ie;Jk; ,t;ntz; njhil tpfw;gq;fs;
ngWk;)
30. mb Nkhid

,iz Nkhid

cs;sj;jhw; ngha;ah njhOfpd; cyfj;jhh;


cs;sj;Js; vy;yhk; csd;.

1>2 rPHfspy; Nkhid


rkd;nra;J rPHJ}f;Fq; Nfhy; Nghy;.

nghopg;G Nkhid

1>3 Mfpa rPHfspy; tUk;.

ed;wpf;F tpj;jhFk; ey;nyhOf;fk; jPnahOf;fk;


x&c Nkhid

1>4 Mfpa rPHfspy; tUk;


Nfl;lhh;g; gpzpf;Fk; jifatha;f; NfshUk;.

$io Nkhid

1>2>3> Mfpa rPHfspy; tUk;


fhf;if futh fiue;Jz;Zk; Mf;fKk;.

Nkw;fJtha; Nkhid

1>3>4 Mfpa rPHfspy; tUk;


thdpd;W cyfk; toq;fp tUjyhy;

fPo;f;fJtha; Nkhid

1>2>4> Mfpa rPHfspy; tUk;.


J}q;Ff J}q;fpr; nraw;ghy J}q;fw;f.

Kw;W Nkhid

1>2>3>4> Mfpa rPHfspy; tUk;.


fw;f frlw fw;git fw;wgpd;

Fwpg;G:
1. ,iz Nkhid Kjy; Kw;W Nkhfid Kba cs;s VOk; rPHNkhidapd; tiffshFk;.
2. NkNy fz;l Nkhidj; njhilapd; tpfw;gq;fs; Nghd;Nw vJif> Kuz;> ,iaG> msngil
Mfpatw;wpw;Fk;> xt;nthd;wpw;Fk; vl;L tpfw;gq;fs; mikAk;.
31. epidtpy; epWj;Jf
This study material is a part of the courseware of Professors Coaching Centre and is specifically designed for the
usage of candidates enrolled with Professors Coaching Centre, Madurai. All rights to the contents of the
courseware rest with Professors Coaching Centre. No other institute, or individual is authorized or entitled to
reproduce, translate or distribute this courseware in any form.

Study Material Professors Coaching Centre, Madurai.


1)
2)
3)
4)
5)
6)
7)

,iz
nghopg;G
x&c
$io
Nkw;fJtha;
fPo;f;fJtha;
Kw;W

44

1>2 Mfpa rPHfspy; tUk;


1>3 Mfpa rPHfspy; tUk;
1>4 Mfpa rPHfspy; tUk;
1>2>3 Mfpa rPHfspy; tUk;
1>3>4> Mfpa rPHfspy; tUk;
1>2>4> Mfpa rPHfspy; tUk;
1>2>3>4 Mfpa rPHfspy; tUk;.

32. nra;Aspaw;Wk; ,yf;fzkhd ahg;gpyf;fzj;ij tphpj;Jf; $Wk; E}y; ------------:

ahg;gUq;fyf;fhpif.
33. ahg;guq;fyf;fhhpifapd; Mrphpah;

mkpHjrhfuh;

gh tif
1.

gh vj;jid tifg;gLk;?
gh ehd;F tifg;gLk;. 1.ntz;gh

2. Mrphpag;gh

3.

fypg;gh

4.tQ;rpg;gh

2.

ntz;ghtpd; nghJ ,yf;fzk; :


1. Xir
: nrg;gNyhir ngWk;
2. mb
: <w;wb rpe;jbahfTk; (Kr;rPub)> Vida mbfs; mstbfshfTk;
(ehw;rPub) tUk;.
3. rPH
: ,aw;rPUk; ntz;rPUk; tUk;> Ntw;Wr;rPHfs; thuh
4. jis : ,aw;rPH ntz;lisAk; ntz;rPH ntz;lisAk; tUk;. gpw jisfs;
thuh.
5. KbT
: <w;wbapd; <w;Wr;rPH Xuirr;rPuhf> ehs;> kyh;> fhR>

6.
3.

gpwg;G vd;Dk;
tha;g;ghLfSs; xd;widf; nfhz;L KbAk;.
mb vy;iy: 2 mbfs; Kjy; 12 mbfs; tiu ngWk;.

ntz;gh MW tifg;gLk;
1.Fws; ntz;gh
2. Nehpir ntz;gh
3. ,d;dpir ntz;gh
4.g/nwhil ntz;gh
5.Nehpirr; rpe;jpay; ntz;gh
6. ,d;dpirr;

rpe;jpay;

ntz;gh.

4.

Mrphpag;ghtpd; nghJ ,yf;fzk;


Xir
: mftNyhir ngWk;
mb
: midj;J mbfSk; mstbfshf (ehw;rPub) tUk;.
rPH
: ,aw;rPH gapd;Wk; maw;rPH tputpAk; tUk;. tQ;rpAhpr;rPHfs;
($tpsq;fdp> fUtpsq;fdp) thuh.
jis
: Mrphpaj;jis (Nenuhd;whrphpaj;jis> epiunahd;whrphpaj;jis)
gapd;Wk; gpw jisfs; fye;Jk; tUk;.
KbT
: <w;wbapd; <w;Wr;rPH Vfhuj;jpy; KbTtJ rpwg;G. Ma;> Xk; Nghd;w
tpFjpfs; ngw;Wk; KbAk;.

This study material is a part of the courseware of Professors Coaching Centre and is specifically designed for the
usage of candidates enrolled with Professors Coaching Centre, Madurai. All rights to the contents of the
courseware rest with Professors Coaching Centre. No other institute, or individual is authorized or entitled to
reproduce, translate or distribute this courseware in any form.

Study Material Professors Coaching Centre, Madurai.


mb vy;iy

5.

6.

45

: %d;wb rpWikAk; ghLNthh; vz;zg;gb ngUikAk; ngWk;.

Mrphpag;ghtpd; tiffs; :
ehd;F tifg;gLk;.
1. Nehpir Mrphpag;gh
3. epiykz;by Mrphpag;gh

2. ,izf;Fwshrphpag;gh
4. mbkwp kz;by Mrphpag;gh

Xirfs;
ntz;gh nrg;gNyhir
Mrphpag;gh mftNyhir
fypg;gh
Js;sNyhir
tQ;rpg;gh
J}q;fNyhir

This study material is a part of the courseware of Professors Coaching Centre and is specifically designed for the
usage of candidates enrolled with Professors Coaching Centre, Madurai. All rights to the contents of the
courseware rest with Professors Coaching Centre. No other institute, or individual is authorized or entitled to
reproduce, translate or distribute this courseware in any form.