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DO NOT WRITE ON THIS TEST.

Biology 1

Biochemistry Exam
Directions: On your scantron mark the correct answer. DO NOT WRITE ON YOUR
TEST
1. A molecule composed primarily of monosaccharides would be classified in which of
the following groups?
a. lipids
b. carbohydrates
2. Lipids make up a broad group of naturally occurring molecules that included fats,
oils, and waxes. The main biological function of lipids is energy storage, and it occurs
most notably in the form of triglycerides. Which of the following identifies the correct
monomer of this macromolecule?
a. monosaccharides
b. glycerol and fatty acids
3. A molecule composed primarily of nucleotides would be classified in which of the
following groups?
a. proteins
b. nucleic acids
4. Sucrose is an organic compound commonly known as table sugar. Sucrose can be
described as a white, odorless, crystalline powder with a sweet taste. It is made by
combining a molecule of glucose and a molecule of fructose. Which of the following
describes sucrose?
a. monosaccharide
b. disaccharide
5. Which of the following describes a molecule composed of monosaccharides that
provides structural support in plants?
a. cellulose
b. starch
6. Maltose is a disaccharide sugar that is formed by joining together two molecules of
glucose. In the laboratory, maltose can be placed in a strong acid and then heated to
break it down into its parts. However, this can be done much quicker in living
organisms by using maltase. Which of the following correctly identifies the monomer of
maltase?
a. monosaccharides
b. amino acids
7. Which of the following describes the bonds in a saturated fat?

a. only one single carbon to carbon bond


b. all single carbon to carbon bonds
8. Which of the following describes a molecule composed of amino acids that has the
ability to speed up a chemical reaction within a living organism?
a. DNA
b. enzyme
9. Lactose is a sugar that is most notably found in milk. Lactose makes up 2%-8% of
milks dry weight, and is formed from galactose and glucose. Which of the following
describes lactose?
a. monosaccharide
b. disaccharide
10. Which of the following molecules is used for long-term energy storage?
a. starches
b. fats
11. Proteins are biochemical compounds consisting of one or more polypeptides
typically folded into a globular or fibrous form that facilitate a biological function. Which
of the following correctly identifies the monomer of proteins?
a. glycerol and fatty acids
b. amino acids
12. Triglycerides are the main constituent of vegetable oil and animal fat. A triglyceride
that consists of three straight carbon chains joined to a glycerol molecule is solid at
room temperature. Which of the following describes this triglyceride?
a. saturated fat
b. saturated oil
13. Lactulose, not to be confused with lactose, is an indigestible sugar commonly used
in the treatment of chronic constipation. It is made by combining a molecule of
galactose and a molecule of fructose. Which of the following describes lactulose?
a. monosaccharide
b. disaccharide
14. Deoxyribonucleic acid, otherwise known as DNA, is an example of a nucleic acid.
DNA contains the genetic instructions used in the development and functioning of all
known living organisms. Which of the following correctly identifies the monomer of
DNA?
a. nucleotides
b. amino acids

15. Which of the following describes the bonds in a polyunsaturated fat?


a. only one single carbon to carbon bond
b. more than one double carbon to carbon bond
16. Lipids constitute a broad group of naturally occurring molecules that include fats,
oils, and waxes. One class of lipids is a major component of all cell membranes, and
they exhibit the ability to form lipid bilayers due to their hydrophilic head and
hydrophobic tails. Which of the following correctly identifies the lipid being described?
a. triglycerides
b. phospholipids
17. Cellulose is the main constituent of the cell wall found in plants. Which of the
following identifies the correct monomer of cellulose?
a. nucleotides
b. monosaccharides
18. An amino acid sequence that is twisted into a spiral formation known as an -helix
is an example of which level of structural organization seen in proteins?
a. primary
b. secondary
19. Which of the following characteristics can be used to determine whether a nucleic
acid is a molecule of DNA or a molecule of RNA?
a. the presence of a sugar
b. the number of strands
20. Which of the following describes the macromolecule that is used for long-term
energy storage in living organisms?
a. starches
b. fats
21. Which of the following correctly identifies the sugar found in the monomers that
make up DNA?
a. ribose
b. deoxyribose
22. Which of the following describes the main function of enzymes?
a. provide structural support
b. speed up chemical reactions

23. Sodium and chlorine bond together to form table salt due to a positive and negative
attraction between the two atoms. These charges result from the loss of one electron
from sodium, while chlorine in turn then gains the electron. Which of the following
bonds describes the formation of salt?
a. covalent
b. ionic
24. Which property of water is exemplified by water sticking to a window?
a. cohesion
b. adhesion
25. Water causing a pipe to burst in the winter is an example of which of the following
properties?
a. high specific heat
b. expansion upon freezing
26. In a water molecule, the oxygen atom has a slightly negative charge, and the
hydrogen atoms have a slightly positive charge. This charge difference gives rise to
which type of bonds between different water molecules?
a. ionic bonds
b. hydrogen bonds
27. Which type of solution has a pH of 7 or more?
a.
acidic
b.
neutral
28. The diagram below depicts the formation of sodium chloride. A positively charged
sodium atom forms a bond with a negatively charged chlorine atom, resulting in the
formation of a molecule of table salt. Which of the following explains why the chlorine
atom becomes negatively charged?

a. chlorine steals an electron from sodium

b. chlorine donates an electron to sodium


Directions: Answer the following review questions to the best of your ability.
29. While working in a laboratory, the teacher instructs the students to pour three
different chemicals into separate beakers. One student accidentally knocks over a
small beaker filled with a green chemical, spilling the chemical all over the lab table.
What should the student do in this situation?
a. clean the spill with paper towels
b. inform the teacher of the spill
30. There are a number of potential hazards to be aware of while working in a
laboratory. One such risk is the possibility of accidentally getting a chemical on your
body. Chemical spills, especially when on the body, can cause serious injuries. What
should be worn to protect your body while performing a laboratory investigation?
a. heat-resistant gloves
b. lab coat
31. Mr. Kirk owns a factory that constructs laboratory equipment. He believes that
coffee will make his workers more productive, so he decides to test this idea. Mr.
Huffman measures productivity by the number of scales his workers make. He gives
half of his workers water, and the other half of his workers Mountain Dew. He counts
how many scales the workers who drank water made, and how many scales the
workers who drank Mountain Dew made. Which of the following correctly identifies the
control group?
a. the workers who drank water
b. the workers who drank Mountain Dew