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Anderson et al.

Samuel Anderson, Tia Derbidge, Logan Holder, Austin Mangum

Jessie Richards
March 7, 2016
Writing 2010

Technologys effect on current generations learning in Universities

1) Bates, A. W. "Technology, E-learning and Distance Education." Google Books. Routledge,
2005. Web. 02 Mar. 2016.
This book takes recent case studies on the influence of technology in the class room. The book
discusses how technology should and shouldnt be used, such as taking faculty support to assure
students have the best learning experience. The main underlying argument throughout the book
is the concept of integration of the inevitable advancements in technology and the need to not be
ignored. The book also covers the idea of selecting different technologies and using the ones
proven to work before going on towards newer ideas. Therefore, Bates believes above all that no
matter the situation universities will all have to advance fully towards technology in the future,
and that by doing so now would increase current students learning capabilities and allow for
cheaper advancements in the future.
2) Baumann, Michael. "Ebooks: A New School of Thought." Information Today 27.5 (2010): 1-4.
Many educators are moving from paper to Etextbooks. The benefit of the Etextbooks is they can
include video clips, website links, and more complicated graphs and pictures. The problem is
publishers dont want to make ebooks because they make less money. There is also a lack of
good standards for etextbooks.
3) Bozell, Brian, and Ken Law. "Building Control Technologies: Campus BAS Upgrade."
ASHRAE Transactions 120.1 (2014): 1-7. Academic Search Premier. Web. 1 Mar. 2016
Brian Bozell is a member of the ASHRAE. He was a student at Purdue University. Building
Automation System (BAS) is what Bozell is talking about in this article. He is talking about a
plan to install a better network. He has 3 phases that will need to be done to accomplish his
work. Phase 1, Install new first tier (Ethernet level) network components including application
servers, network switches and network controllers. Phase 2, Replace outdated second tier
(fieldbus level) legacy controllers and install new DDC controls on pneumatic and standalone
equipment. Phase 3, Incorporate dedicated graphical user interface web pages and additional
field devices to improve monitoring capabilities and efficiencies for Business Unit (BU) systems.
It is basically a plan to help improve the technology on campus.
4) Clariana, Roy, and Patricia Wallace. "Paperbased versus Computerbased Assessment: Key
Factors Associated with the Test Mode Effect." British Journal of Educational
Technology 33.5 (2002): 593-602. Print.

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Several students were giving the same exam. Half of the students took the exam on paper and
half of the student took the exam on the computer. The students that took the exam on the
computer generally outperformed the students that took the exam on paper. The study also
concluded that Competitiveness, computer familiarity, and gender didnt affect the results.
5) Clemmitt, Marcia. "Social Media Explosions." CQ Researcher. 25 Jan. 2013. Web. 23 Feb.
This article focuses on how much technology is affecting this generation. Technology has greatly
influenced the way this generation communicates. Researchers believe this to be negatively
affecting the social skills of the current and rising generation.
6) Connelly, Liane. "To Power Up Or Power Down: The Impact Of Technology In Gerontology
Education." Gerontology And Geriatrics Education 21.1-2 (2000): 39-48. AgeLine. Web.
1 Mar. 2016.
This article goes into detail of how both the student and the teacher have to adjust to the growing
technology. It continues to talk about the positive and negative of technology in education.
Technology has a lot of positive outcomes and possibilities than before.
7) Daniel, John S. "Mega-universities and Knowledge Media." Google Books. Technology
Strategies for Higher Education, 1996. Web. 02 Mar. 2016.
Daniel discusses many different things throughout the book, including the costs technology has
on universities good and bad. The good mainly relate to the ongoing concept of blended learning,
while the bad discuss the up front costs that universities require to keep up with technological
advances. This up front cost can be extremely taxing on universities, thus in some cases forcing
universities to stay back in time and not fully utilize the good applications. However, Daniel also
goes on to describe what he refers to a mega-university which has many definitions. One
definition given is that a mega-university is required to spend a certain amount of money on
technology and needs to be able to adapt to support the advances in technology.
8) Delbanco, Andrew. "College at Risk." Chronicle. The Chronicle of Higher Education, 26 Feb.
2012. Web. 2 Mar. 2016.
Delbanco gives many examples of ways to lower the costs of colleges, some of which are
through technology. For example, he discusses the strategy of constructing a delivery system,
which would change the current ways teachers mentor students. This idea comes with a hard
opposition that is also discussed in the article. One major key, however, is the mention of
blended learning which is often the middle ground to arguments put forward on solving the
costs of colleges. Blended learning in this case means something slightly different from other
articles as Delbanco seems to be leaning more towards technology being dominant with minimal
face to face contact. This less amount of contact puts it more towards those supporting the
increased spending on technology to solve long term spending, opposed to blended learning
usually referring to a perfect balance.

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9) Duderstadt, James J., Daniel E. Atkins, and Douglas Van Houweling. Technology Issues and
Strategies for American Colleges and Universities. Preagor, 2002. Print.
These authors talk about how much the technology has shifted over the years in the higher
education. More students are becoming more comfortable with different technology, such as the
internet and other electronic devices, and less actively searching in the library.
10) Jaramillo, Rita, et al. "Simulation Assessment Of Free-Cooling Technology For A Large
Campus." ASHRAE Transactions 121.1 (2015): 471-486. Academic Search Premier.
Web. 1 Mar. 2016
Rita Jaramillo earned her education at John F. Kennedy School of Government at Harvard
University. Jaramillo is a part of the Co-Chair Hispanic Caucus, Member, and Journal of
Hispanic policy. Jaramillo et Al talks about free cooling systems that can cool down a large
university campus and save energy by doing so. It explains all the hard complex terms of how
the system works and cools down the campus. They usually just shut down the system in the
winter when it isnt needed.
11) Jones, Steve. Internet Goes to College. Pew Internet and American Life, 2002. Print.
Jones, along with many other authors, argued their point on how the Internet has affected this
generation. They do extensive research on how the Internet has affected them in school, and their
academic studies. They also found research to show different percentages of college students in
these different circumstances.
12) Kim, Joshua. "4 Ways Technology Can Reduce Higher Ed Costs | Inside Higher Ed." 4 Ways
Technology Can Reduce Higher Ed Costs. Inside Higher Education, 22 May 2012. Web.
24 Feb. 2016.
The article goes in depth on 4 ways to lower the cost of higher education. One discussion relates
to the fixed costs in universities such as maintenance and technology in classrooms. The way in
which to lower tuition costs through this would be to lower the overall face-to-face interactions
inside of classrooms, thus reducing the amount of classrooms required. By doing so would allow
for less construction on new buildings and many more classrooms, thus utilizing the many
classrooms that lay dormant and unused already; while also utilizing the growing technology to
create classroom environments online and even classes held online. Kim also discusses the term
blended learning which summarizes the idea of decreased face-to-face time.
13) Kirkpatrick, Keith. "Technology Brings Online Education in Line with Campus Programs."
Communications of The ACM 58.12 (2015): 17-19. Academic Search Premier. Web. 1
Mar. 2016
Keith Kirkpatrick earned his degree at Syracuse University. Kirkpatrick specializes in primary
and secondary research. Primary and secondary research involves collecting data that has never
been collected before. Kirkpatrick talks about technologies that limit cheating on finals and
papers in college courses on and off campus. They use technologies that can detect academic

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fraud (plagiarism). This is one of the biggest issues that has happened in the past few years with
the rise of technology. Our papers at the U of U go through these processes.
14) Lowe, Charles, Pavel Zemliansky, Matt Barton, and Karl Klint. Writing Spaces: Readings on
Writing. Vol. 2. Anderson, South Carolina.: Parlor, 2011. Print. A Student's Guide to
Collaborative Writing Technologies.
This article talks a lot about how tech savvy this generation has become. Lots of students can
find information and research through places such as twitter, or facebook. They also were about
to use Doodle to help plan good meeting times to help each other out on the project. They were
able to plan a meeting with the writing center to better improve their assignment. There are so
many sources available to all students to better improve their writing.
15) Lowe, Charles, Pavel Zemliansky, Randall McClure. Writing Spaces: Readings on Writing.
Vol. 2. Anderson, South Carolina.: Parlor, 2011. Print. Googlepedia: Turning Information
Behaviors into Research Skills.
This generation has quickly adapted to doing most their research from google or Wikipedia.
Students focus on what has good information rather than what has credible information.
McClure says that these different search engines can be good to better understand your topic but
not to stop there. There are too many people that are overly reliant on sources uncovered early
on in the research process. Though these are good places to start, students need to learn how
to search even deeper than the top 20 articles they find on places like google.
16) McCollum, Kelly. "Colleges struggle to manage technologies rising costs." Academic Search
Premier. Chronicle of Higher Education, 19 Feb. 1999. Web. 24 Feb. 2016.
This article shows a good look back towards when technology wasnt nearly at the heights it is
today, yet universities were still preparing for the coming advancements in technology.
McCollum shows the discussion in the academic community relating to how much money would
need to be spent towards technology in 1999, and estimates of how much would be required in
the future. Thus preparing universities for the shift in funds that would need to be made to keep
up with advancements and assure students achieve the best learning experience possible.
17) Moseley, William. "Student and Faculty Perceptions of Technology's Usefulness in
Community College General Education Courses." Open Access Theses and Dissertations
from the College of Education and Human Sciences (2010): n. pag. Print.
This paper looks at Student and faculty perceptions on the use of technology in higher education.
the study takes place at the University of Nebraska at Lincoln. The overall opinion of student
was positive. They felt that the use of technology helped their learning. The teachers had many
positive things to say though they did have to learn how to use the new technology.
18) Pedretti, Erminia, Jolie MayerSmith, and Janice Woodrow. "Technology, Text, and Talk:
Students' Perspectives on Teaching and Learning in a Technologyenhanced Secondary
Science Classroom." Science Education 82.5 (1998): 569-89. Print.

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This article focuses on the effects of multimedia technology in schools. The study took place in
post-secondary science classroom. The student talk about how they feel the technology helped or
hindered them in the learning process.
19) Potter, B.A., et al. "A Long-Term Study Examining the Antibacterial Effectiveness of
Agion Silver Zeolite Technology on Door Handles Within a College Campus." Letters
in Applied Microbiology 60.2 (2015): 120-127. Academic Search Premier. Web. 1
B. A. Potter has articles posted on Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists. This article talks about
bacteria on handles in college campuses. They are talking about what spreads the bacteria and
what they can do to stop the spread of it. Talks about a Agion silver zeolite coat that is put on
door handles around college campuses. It says which bacteria that it is effective against and what
it isnt effective against.
20) Schacter, John. "The Impact of Education Technology on Student Achievement: What the
Most Current Research Has to Say." Milken Family Foundation (1999): n. pag. Print.
Uses meta-analysis to gather information from multiple studies to draw one conclusion. The
analysis looks at the effectiveness of technology in the classroom. It has a section dedicated to
Apples IOS effectiveness in the classroom, another section talks about west virginias basic
skills/ computer education course, and the final section looks at the relationship between
educational technology and success.
21) Schmid, Richard, Robert Bernard, Eugene Borokhovski, Rana Tamim, Philip Abrami,
Michael Surkes, C. Wade, and Jonathan Woods. "The Effects of Technology Use in
Postsecondary Education: A Meta-analysis of Classroom Applications." Computers &
Education (2014): n. pag. Print.
This study focused on some experimental literature technology that was tested from 1990-2010.
It gives the overall weighted affects of technology on achievement and attitude outcomes. It then
looks at what variables affect whether it has a positive or negative outcome.
22) Turner, Marcia Layton. "New Visions For Campus Space." University Business 19.1 (2016):
60. Academic Search Premier. Web. 1 Mar. 2016
Marcia Layton Turner is a freelancer and a bestselling author who has articles on BusinessWeek,
Womans Day, Business 2.0, Black Enterprise, and other trade publications.Turner mostly talks
about university campuses in the United States. It talks about how students should understand
technology and how their expectations of on campus living should be. Some of her points that
she says is trending is the better use of outdoor space, larger square footage per student for
learning spaces, increasing need for power availability and wireless accessibility throughout
buildings, zero consumption goals, and total cost of ownership approach (Turner, 59). Some of
the fading points she states are, the need to get buildings LEED-certified, individual faculty

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offices and teaching spaces, keeping buildings that have outlived their usefulness and cost to
much to maintain, and traditional libraries (Turner, 59).
23) Twigg, Carol A. et al. "Improving Learning and Reducing Costs: Redesigning LargeEnrollment
Courses." Pew Charitable Trusts, Philadelphia, PA, (1999): Web. 1 Mar. 2016.
Carol A. Twigg is on the National Center for Academic Transformation (NCAT) Staff and Board
of Directors. She is the director and CEO. Twigg talks about the price of technology and how
much it cost to increase it for education. If you increase the quality of a technology in a
classroom, how much is that going to increase the price of the course? The goal of this paper is
to reduce cost and improve to quality of higher education. They will design to improve without
raising costs. It will depend on the course for the costs of improving education.
24) Witkowsky, Kathy. "Increasing Learning and Reducing Costs through Technology." Inside
Higher Ed. Insidehighered, 11 Feb. 2008. Web. 24 Feb. 2016.
This article shows how courses at Alabama incorporate the uses and features technology offers to
many courses. Many courses delivered through computers require minimal assistance from a
teacher and are thought to reduce the overall cost of courses, while also hopefully making for a
greater learning experience. The case discussed in Alabama seemed to yield greater results with
more students enrolling in math courses, attributed to the changes made with technology.