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Running head: PARENTAL INFLUENCE

PPE 310: Health Literacy for Schools
Parental Influence on Overall Health of Students
Andrea Jones and Julia Hreniuc
Signature Assignment First Draft
Course #18966
Dr. Miller

PARENTAL INFLUENCE ON OVERALL HEALTH OF STUDENTS

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Introduction
Parents play a crucial role influencing the health and nutrition decisions within their
children’s lives. Parents, not doctors are the primary dictators of the child’s overall health and
wellness. They decide the quality of healthcare they receive, the nutrition they receive, the
amount of physical activity they partake in, the amount of emotional support they are provided,
and the quality of the environment they are raised in both before and after birth (Case and
Paxson, 2002). According to the Merriam-Webster dictionary, nutrition is the process of
providing or obtaining food, necessary for health and growth (2015). In order for parents to be
able to make these choices they need to have the adequate resources available to them to be well
informed and educated in the area of health and nutrition. In socioeconomic areas that lack the
necessary funds and materials to achieve these common goals, children are more likely to suffer.
Those children in lower income families are more likely to develop chronic health conditions. It
is important for parents to be able to receive and be knowledgeable of the resources available to
help guide them in their children’s overall health development.

Review of Current Literature
The followings articles support and establish importance for Parental Influence on the
Overall Health of Children. These resources provide us with information from the school district
in relation to their school lunch menus, the importance of parental influence on health and eating
behaviors, the health affairs of children, and lastly the future of children if we continue to follow
the pattern at which we are going. Washington school district food menus (breakfast
& lunch) wesdschools.nutrislice.com/menu/acacia/lunch/. This site is
Washington Elementary School Districts breakfast and lunch calendar. It

PARENTAL INFLUENCE ON OVERALL HEALTH OF STUDENTS

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gives access to parents and students’ to view the breakfast and lunch
options, as well as, caloric and nutrition information. The article from
Princeton.edu delves into the importance parents have on the overall health
of their children. It also touches on socioeconomic differences.
The importance of parental influence on the health of the students is laid out
in this article by https://www.princeton.edu/~accase/downloads. Parental
Influence on Eating Behavior: Conception to Adolescence
www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2531152/ examines the eating
behaviors and how parents influence these patterns as well. Health Affairs
content.healthaffairs.org/content/21/2/164.full also digs deep into how
parents influence the overall well-being of their children and how they are
the primary gatekeepers to their children’s mental, physical, and emotional
well-being. Lastly, The Future of Children
http://www.futureofchildren.org/futureofchildren/ describes the pattern for
which the future of children will be if we continue on the path that we are
currently on.
Synthesis of Current Literature
The take away from the previous articles allows for a deeper
understanding of how parental influence on the overall health of children is
so important. Majority of the articles share the same topic, which, focuses on
the key idea of children’s health. The articles emphasize the impact
parents/guardians have on children, were children and doctors are not the
primary stakeholders. It is crucial that parents/guardians play the role that is

PARENTAL INFLUENCE ON OVERALL HEALTH OF STUDENTS

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necessary for their children too receive the proper healthcare, wellness, and
nutrition. These resources provide us with information from the importance of parental
influence on health and eating behaviors, the health affairs of children, and lastly the future of
children if we continue to follow the pattern at which we are going.

Practical Implications
Parental influence on the overall health of the child is important. As educators, ways to
meet the needs of having parent involvement starts with the educator and the parent. The
following events can be implemented to achieve these goals. Specifically targeted for third grade
but are welcoming to other grades. Creating a newsletter, holding bi-weekly meetings, a social
media outlet, having a community gathering, calendar of events, and a school assembly.
The head of the Overall Health Committee will create the monthly newsletter. It will
contain important information such as, resources for parents to get aid/support with nutrition,
physical, and emotional wellness programs for their children. Events going on in the community
or at the school will be listed, descriptions of the events will be provided, and active participation
from parents and students will be encouraged. There will be a section specific for those who have
disabilities; resources and community events will be provided for them as well.
The next way we will keep everyone involved updated is to hold bi-weekly meetings.
These meetings will be held by a parent volunteer and will be about thirty minutes long. Parents
will vote to choose which weeknight works best for them. Parental involvement is highly
encouraged since it will be parent-led. Parents will have free range with the bi-weekly meetings;
they can discuss things from counseling, to therapy, to events to do with their children. This

PARENTAL INFLUENCE ON OVERALL HEALTH OF STUDENTS

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meeting will also allow for time to update the event calendar, research speakers for the school
wide assembly, and find vendors for the quarterly community gathering. Those who have
disabilities will be assisted when need be.
Keeping a social media outlet available for parents and students to have access to is an
important part of today’s culture. The specific outlet will be a Facebook page that is ran by the
head of the committee and any others who volunteer to be apart of helping keep the page up to
date, filtered, and clean. This page will be used to provide information about upcoming events,
resources for parents/students, articles for parents/students, and a way for parents and students to
keep in contact with one another in the program.
The committee will partake in upholding a quarterly community gathering at the school.
The committee and parent volunteers will conduct this gathering. During this community
gathering it will be important to find a local farm to provide fresh produce for a farmers market
that will be available for families. This farmers market will be free to those who meet freereduced lunch eligibilities. Parents will also have a chance to participate in physical, fun
activities with their children and have a chance to learn why it is important for children to be
physically active. Families with disabilities will have an equal opportunity to participate in such
events.
There will also be a calendar that parents and students will create to hold important
information from resources, to events, to daily breakfast/lunch at school. This calendar will be
created during one of the first bi-weekly meetings and it will be an important tool for parents to
keep track of their involvement with their child. Accommodations for those with disabilities will
be provided.

PARENTAL INFLUENCE ON OVERALL HEALTH OF STUDENTS

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Lastly, the committee will organize a school-wide assembly to involve the whole school
in why it is important to have parents/guardians be involved in the overall health of their child.
The committee will find entertaining guest speakers to elaborate on the issue of how important
physical, mental, and emotional health are in children. Parents/guardians will be encouraged to
attend the school wide assembly. Awards will be given out to those students who have a calendar
with the most parent/guardian involvement throughout the school year. There will also be awards
for those who participated in events that went on throughout the school year that involved
physical activity. Those with disabilities will be accommodated throughout the assembly.
Conclusion
Overall, being able to implement such an impactful plan within the school will allow for
parents/guardians to receive the adequate resources and help to be the primary gatekeeper for
their children’s overall health. It is important to keep in mind that the youth is the next
generation. They will be the one’s who are running our businesses and governments. Keeping
them healthy starts at the roots from which they come. Being able to implement the practical
situations describe above will help move things forward with getting parent’s involved. The hope
is for other schools to adopt the same plan to make it a statewide initiative.

PARENTAL INFLUENCE ON OVERALL HEALTH OF STUDENTS

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References
Acacia - Lunch Menus. (n.d.). Retrieved February 14, 2016, from http://
wesdschools.nutrislice.com/menu/acacia/lunch/
Case, A. (2003, April). Parental behavior and child health. Retrieved from
https://www.princeton.edu/~accase/downloads
Savage, J. S., Fisher, J. O., & Birch, L. L. (n.d.). Parental Influence on Eating
Behavior: Conception to Adolescence. Retrieved February 14, 2016, from
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2531152/
Health Affairs. (n.d.). Retrieved February 14, 2016, from http://
content.healthaffairs.org/content/21/2/164.full
The Future of Children, Princeton - Brookings: Providing research and analysis
to promote effective policies and programs for children. (n.d.). Retrieved
February 14, 2016, from
http://www.futureofchildren.org/futureofchildren/publications/journals/article/i
ndex.xml?journal41

PARENTAL INFLUENCE ON OVERALL HEALTH OF STUDENTS

Appendix

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PARENTAL INFLUENCE ON OVERALL HEALTH OF STUDENTS

9

PARENTAL INFLUENCE ON OVERALL HEALTH OF STUDENTS

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PARENTAL INFLUENCE ON OVERALL HEALTH OF STUDENTS

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Rubric for Signature Assignment
Criteria with
Professional
Standards
Referenced
Outline

5
Exemplary
(97 – 100%)

Outline Turned
In(Already
submitted for
points)

Logical,
detailed outline
with at least 5
original peer
reviewed
references
written in APA
format is
submitted with
a technology
choice selected
to embed the
assignment.

4
Highly
Proficient
(93 – 96%)

3
Proficient
(83 – 92%)

2
Approaching
Proficient
(73 – 82%)

1
Unsatisfactory
(72%
and below)

Brief outline
with at least
5 original
peer
reviewed
references
written in
APA format
is
submitted.

Brief outline
with some
references but
not 5 original
peer reviewed
references
written in
APA format
are submitted.

Brief outline
No outline
with one or no was
references
submitted.
submitted.

Introduction
is fully
developed
with all
topics
introduced.

Introduction
is addressed
well,
somewhat
organized and
created a plan

Introduction
is addressed
adequately.

10 Points

5 x 2=10
points
Introduction

10 Points

Introduction to
the topic and
overview (In
your purpose
statement also
introduce all
subtopics)

Introduction is
fully
developed,
well organized,
introduces all
topics, created

Introduction is
omitted or
was
disorganized
and did not
create a plan

PARENTAL INFLUENCE ON OVERALL HEALTH OF STUDENTS

InTASC 1c,k;
5k; 9f; 10h
NAEYC 6b
NETS-T 3a,d;
4a,c
CEC EC2S1;
CC7K1;
EC7K1;CC9K4;
CC9S8
Literature
Review
Adequacy of
Knowledge
(includes 5 peer
reviewed
original research
articles
references)
InTASC 1c,k;
5k; 9f; 10h
NAEYC 6b
NETS-T 3a,d;
4a,c
CEC EC2S1;
CC7K1;
EC7K1;CC9K4;
CC9S8

a plan for the
paper and
invites the
reader to read
further.

for the paper.

5 x 2=10
points

15 Points
1. Literature
review
highlights
major issues in
the area.
2. Through use
of a range of
references to
support key
issues.
3. Description
of important
studies
establishes
context for the
reader.
4. Includes
more than 5
informative
references.

Synthesis of
Information
Synthesis of
Information
(what did the
articles
collectively say
about the topic?
Which authors

for the paper

12

1. Literature
review
addresses
major issues
in the area.
2. Thorough
use of a
range of
references
to support
key issues.
3. Includes
descriptions
of important
studies to
provide
context for
the reader.

1. Literature
review may
address major
issues, but
issues may
not be
supported
with expert
knowledge.
2. Good use
of references,
but additional
references
may have
strengthened
the paper.

1. Literature
review does
not address
the major
issues in the
area; the level
of support for
the issues is
not adequate.

1. Literature
review does
not have the
depth of
knowledge
appropriate to
this upper
level course.

2. Includes 3
references.

2. Includes
less than 2
references.

The literature
review is a
mixed set of
ideas without
a particular
focus.

The literature
review does
not
demonstrate a
particular
focus and

3. Includes 4
references.

4. Includes
5 or more
references.

5 x 3=15
points
15 Points
1. Studies
covering the
same topic
synthesize
related
research.

Studies
covering the
same topic
are
summarized
and

Information is
presented
study-bystudy rather
than
summarized

PARENTAL INFLUENCE ON OVERALL HEALTH OF STUDENTS
had similar and
different
findings?)
InTASC 1c,k;
5k; 9f; 10h
NAEYC 6b
NETS-T 3a,d;
4a,c
CEC EC2S1;
CC7K1;
EC7K1;CC9K4;
CC9S8

2. Described
similar or
differing and
detailed
themes
throughout the
articles

integrated
level work.

lacks ideas
based on the
subject
chosen.

2. Described
similar or
differing
themes
throughout
the articles
which were
not detailed

3. Demonstrate
thoroughly
how your
research and
the data
collected
supports your
stance on why
your healthy
and active
school plan is
not only
important for
hope and
engagement at
your school
and in your
community,
but ties to
academic
success in your
classroom as
well.

2. Described
similar or
differing
themes
throughout the
articles,
however they
were not
detailed

3. Somewhat
emonstrated
how your
research and
the data
collected
supports your
stance on why
your healthy
and active
school plan is
not only
important for
hope and
engagement at
your school
and in your
community,
but ties to
academic
success in
your
classroom as
well.

5 x 3=15
points

Practical
Implications and
Technology
infusion
Practical
Implications
(Discuss how
the findings can

by topic.

13

3. Did not
demonstrate
how your
research and
the data
collected
supports your
stance on why
your healthy
and active
school plan is
not only
important for
hope and
engagement at
your school
and in your
community,
but ties to
academic
success in
your
classroom as
well.

30 Points

1. Practical
implications of
your event
details

1. Pratical
implications
are
discussed

1. Pratical
implications
are discussed
but not at a

1. Practical
implications
are not
thoroughly

1. Practical
implications
are not
discussed and

PARENTAL INFLUENCE ON OVERALL HEALTH OF STUDENTS
or will later be
applied to your
teaching setting)
InTASC 1c,k;
5k; 9f; 10h
NAEYC 6b
NETS-T 3a,d;
4a,c
CEC EC2S1;
CC7K1;
EC7K1;CC9K4;
CC9S8

including your
teaching level
and in a
particular
setting are
discussed
thoroughly. A
minimum of 6
topics are
applied.
2. Contains
thorough
discussion on
how each of
the 6
program/comp
onents that are
in place are
organized,
conducted, and
overseen or a
detailed plan
about how
each
component can
be added.
3. All
programs/com
ponents
implemented
include
discussion on
modifications
for those with
disabilities.
4. Contained a
detailed
description of a
special event
that promotes a
healthy and
active school
environment

but not
related to a
particular
teaching
setting or
topic or
certain
details are
missing.

particularly
level or in a
particular
setting and
many details
of your event
are missing.
2. Contained
at least 4-5
components
of a
comprehensiv
e school
program;
however,
some of the
needed detail
is missing.
3. Contains
thorough
discussion on
how most of
the
program/com
ponent that
are in place
are organized,
conducted,
and overseen
or a detailed
plan about
how the
components
can be added.
4. Most
programs/com
ponents
implemented
include
discussion on
modifications
for those with
disabilities.

discussed and
only a few
details of the
event are
present

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no details of
the event are
present.
2. Contained 3
or fewer
components
of a
comprehensiv
e school
program
3. Contains
little
discussion on
which
programs/com
ponents are
currently in
place
4. Contains
little
discussion on
how each
program/com
ponent is
organized,
conducted,
and overseen
and little
detail about
how the
components
can be added.
5. Few
programs/com
ponents
implemented
include
discussion on
modifications
for those with
disabilities.

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PARENTAL INFLUENCE ON OVERALL HEALTH OF STUDENTS

5. Contained
discussion on a
specific health
behavior
highlighted by
the special
event

6. Contained
little detail on
a special
event that
promotes a
healthy and
active school
environment

5. Contained a
somewhat
detailed
description of
a special
event that
promotes a
healthy and
active school
environment

6. Specific
target grade
level was
identified and
was
appropriate for
students of that
age

7. Contained
little
discussion on
a specific
health
behavior
highlighted by
the special
event

6. Contained
some
discussion on
a specific
health
behavior
highlighted by
the event

7. Contained
discussion on
how to involve
the entire
school in the
event

8. Specific
target grade
level was not
identified
and/or not
appropriate
for students of
that age

7. Specific
target grade
level was
somewhat
identified and
was
appropriate
for students of
that age

8. Embeding
Technology as
a platform to
enhance your
proposal was
used with an
approved
application
from your
instructor

9. Contained
little
discussion on
how to
involve the
entire school
in the event

8. Contained
some
discussion on
how to
involve the
entire school
in the event

5 x 6=30
points

9. Technology
infusion was
not used.

9. Technology
infusion was
used but it did
not enhance
the proposal
Conclusion
Conclusion

10 Points
Major issues

The major

The

Provides

No

PARENTAL INFLUENCE ON OVERALL HEALTH OF STUDENTS
ITASC 1c,k; 5k;
9f; 10h
NAEYC 6b
NETS-T 3a,d;
4a,c
CEC EC2S1;
CC7K1;
EC7K1;CC9K4;
CC9S8
Writing and
Referencing
Style
First Draft of all
sections
submitted with
changes made
integrating
instructor
comments from
the outline

support and
establish
conclusions.

16

issues are
summarized
under
conclusions.

conclusions
are not
complete.

opinions, but
not a
summary of
findings.

conclusions
are included.

Detailed draft
of all sections
of the paper
with
appropriate
content,
headers,
writing style, a
choice of
technology to
embed the
assignment and
references in
APA 6.0 style.

Detailed
draft of ALL
sections
with some
errors in
content
covered,
headings,
writing style
and/or
refernces in
APA 6.0
style.

Detailed draft
of MOST
sections with
some errors in
content
covered,
headings,
writing style
and/or
refernces in
APA 6.0 style.

Missing
sections or
paper has
regular errors
across content
covered,
headings,
writing style
and/or
refernces in
APA 6.0 style.

Incomplete
(missing half
of the
requirements)
or completely
missing paper.

Integration of
instructor
comments from
first draft

All comments
from instructor
integrated into
final version.
All were
highlighted in
yellow

Some
comments
from
instructor
integrated into
final version.
Most were
highlighted in
yellow

Very few
comments
from
instructor
integrated into
final version.
Most were
highlighted in
yellow

No comments
from
instructor
integrated into
final version.
The changes
were not
highlighted

Writing and
referencing style

1. Cover page
included,
proper spelling
and grammar,
all references
in APA 6.0
style. Paper
was
appropriate

Most
comments
from
instructor
integrated
into final
version. All
were
highlighted
in yellow
1. Cover
page
included,
few
grammatical
errors and
misspellings
, all
references

1. Cover page
included,
some
grammatical
errors and
misspellings,
some errors in
referencing
style APA 6.0.

1. Cover page
not included,
many
grammatical
errors and
misspellings,
some errors in
referencing
style APA 6.0.

1. Cover page
not included,
major
grammatical
errors and
misspellings,
many errors in
referencing
style APA 6.0.

5 x 2=10
points

10 Points

PARENTAL INFLUENCE ON OVERALL HEALTH OF STUDENTS
length (at least
5 pages)

in APA 6.0
style.

2. Paper was
too short for
2. The file
2. Paper was the topic (3-4
document
appropriate pages)
name
length (at
contains…
least 5
3. The file
Lastname.first pages)
name
name.assignme
somewhat
nt#.course#
contains the
Lastname.first
3. This rubric
name.assignm
was added to
ent#.course#
the last page of
the document
4. This rubric
submitted
was added but
not at the end
4. All
of the
sentences are
document
clear and well
submitted
developed
5. Most
sentences are
5. Proposals
clear and well
and events are
developed
appropriate
length with
6. Proposals
standard
and events are
margins, font,
mostly
and size of text
appropriate
length with
standard
margins, font,
and size of
text

2. Paper was
too short for
the topic (1-2
pages)

17

2. Paper was
too short for
the topic (1-2
pages)
3. The file
document
name does not
contain the
Lastname.first
name.assignm
ent#.course#
4. This rubric
was not added
to the
document
submitted
5. Many
sentences are
not clear and
underdevelop
ed
6. Proposals
and events are
not of
appropriate
length with
larger than
standard
margins, font
and size of
text