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DistanceandDisplacement

April15

NameofInstructors:Mr.Hawke
Grade:10
Activity:DistanceandDisplacement

Goals/Keyquestions
Goals:
Whatisthedifferencebetweendistanceanddisplacement
Objective(connectedtoPofS):
Explainthatdistanceisascalarquantityanddisplacementis
avector.
GLEs/SLEsaddressed
2.Explainandapplyconceptsusedintheoreticalandpracticalmeasuresofenergyin
mechanicalsystems
define,compareandcontrastscalarandvectorquantities
describedisplacementandvelocityquantitatively

PrelessonConsiderations
Lessonoverviewofmainscientificcontent,skillstobelearned

Materialsneeded/presetuprequired/logisticalconsiderationsneeded(seating
arrangement):

ForLabs/demos:Safetyconsiderations/factors/equipmentrequired:
Howwillstudentsbemadeawareofthesafetyconsiderations?

Content:

Introduction
Time
estimation5
min

Transition
consideratio
ns
Activity1
Timeest:30
min

Whatistheteacherdoing?

Whatarethe
studentsdoing?

Givethestudentsanentranceslip.
Studentscompletetheentranceslipand
handintotheteacher.Inyouropinionis
thesteamturbineorthecombustion
enginemoreefficient,why?Usethe
conversionofenergyandand
consumptionoffueltoexplainyour
answer.

Completethe
entranceslipandhand
intotheteacher.

Posethequestiontothestudents.Ive
decidedtothrowaparty.Thepartyisout
inthewoodsandyouareallinvited.The

Followalongwiththe
explanationand

woodsare220kmfromtheschoolsoif
examples.Copyoutthe
youdriveat100km/hritlltakeyou2
notes.
hoursand12mintogetthere.Areyou
comingtomyparty?Howareyougoingto
getthere?Whatstheproblemwiththe
directionsIgaveyou?Inevertoldyou
whichdirectiontogo.AllIgaveyouwas
thedistance,time,andspeedthatyou
wouldbegoing.Thesearescalar
quantities.
Ascalarquantitydescribes
magnitudebutnotdirection
.Some
examplesofascalarquantityare
distance,time,andspeed
.Inorderfor
youtogettomypartyyouneeddirection.
Quantitiesthatdescribebothmagnitude
anddirectionarecalledvectors.
Avector
isaquantitydescribingboth
magnitudeanddirection
.Some
examplesofvectorsare
displacement,
velocity,andposition
.Toshowthat
thesearedifferentwhenweareusingour
symbolsweaddanarrowontopofour
symbol.Forexamplethesymbolforspeed
isvandthesymbolforvelocityisv
.Inmy
exampleofcomingtomypartyItoldyouit
was220kmfromtheschool.Itoldyouthe
distancebetweentheschoolandthe
woods.
Distanceisascalarquantity
thatdescribesthelengthofapath
betweentwopointsorlocations
.The
symbolfordistanceis
d .
isthegreek
letterdelta,physicistsandmathematicians
usetheletterdeltatoshowadifferenceor
change.Sothesymboltellsusthatthe
distanceisthechangeinlocationfrom
onepointtoanother.InmyexampleifI
pointedwhiletellingyouthedirectionsI
wouldhavegivenyoudirection.By
providingyouwithadirectionIwouldbe
givingyouthedisplacement.
Displacementisavectorquantitythat
describesthestraightlinedistancefrom

onepointtoanotheraswellasdirection.
Thesymbolfordisplacementis
d
.The
deltasymbolinoursymbolmeansthe
changeinpositionofanobjectwhenitis
displaced.
Positionisavectorquantity
thatdescribesaspecificpointrelative
toareferencepoint
.Youcanchooseany
pointasareference.Drawacoordinate
grid.Ifweuseacoordinatesystemthe
logicalreferencepointwouldbe(0,0).The
symbolforpositionis
d
.
Displacementis
mathematicallyasthedifferencebetween
twopositions.Tocalculatedisplacement
weusetheformula d=d

2
1
Where disdisplacement,d

isthe
1
initialorstartingposition,andd

is
2
thefinalorendingposition.
TheSIunit
forpositionanddisplacementis
metres,
m
.Usethecoordinategridonthe
smartboardtoshowthedisplacement
visually.Theinitialpointwillbethestarting
positionwithavectorinreferencetothe
originandtheendingpositionisanother
pointwithavectorfromtheorigin.The
displacementisthevectorthatconnects
thesetwopoints.Whenwelookatour
mapitshowsusthefastestwayfrom
VauxhalltoWaterton.Ifyoulookatthe
pathonthemapnoticetherearetwists
andturns.Thedistanceisthelengthof
thepathtraveled.Thedisplacementisthe
vectorbetweentwopointssowewould
drawourvectorbetweenthestartingpoint
inVauxhallandWaterton.The
displacementistheshortestdistance
betweenthesetwopoints.Thisisa
straightline,orasstraightasIcandrawit.
Thedisplacementisgivenadirectionin
thiscaseitwouldbesouthwest.Ifwelook
attheexampleonpage177theygive
anotherexampleofedmontontoPeace
River.Thedirectionofthedisplacementin

thiscaseis40degreeswestofnorth.The
directionofthevectorswillbedesignated
bycompassdirectionsN,S,E,Worby
positiveandnegativesigns(+,).When
youaresubtractingavectorwepointitin
theotherdirectionbutkeepourlengththe
same.Sinceweareonlydealingwith
vectorsinonedimensionwecanaddand
subtractthesevectorsalgebraically.
ExampleWhatisthedisplacement
vectorfrompositionAtopositionB.
d

=3.5cmandd

=5.7cm
A
B
Usetheequation
dAtoB
=d

B
A
=5.7cm3.5cm
=2.2cm
Thedisplacementis2.2cminthe
positivedirection.
Sincedisplacementis
avectorsowehavetogiveitadirection.
Whenwearedealingwithtwovectorsin
ourcompassdirectionswechooseone
directiontobepositiveandonedirection
tobenegative.
Example
d X>Y
=d
d
Y
X
d
=6.9m(E)
X
d
=8.2m(W)
Y
Eastistheequivalenttonegativewestso
d
=6.9m(W)
thenwecansubstituteour
X
valuesinourequation.
d X>Y
=8.2m(W)(6.9m(W))
=8.2m(W)+6.9m(W)
=15.1m(W)
Thedisplacementispositive15.1m
westornegative15.1meast.
Example
Transition
consideratio
ns


Activity2
TimeEst:15
min

Havestudentsworkonthepractice
problemsonpage181.

Workonthepractice
problems.

Conclusion

ThesequestionswillbedueTuesdaydue
tothefactthatyouallhaveyourunittest
onmonday.Sostudyhardandyoulldo
well.Haveagoodweekend.

Getasmuchwork
doneaspossible.
Studyforthetestover
theweekend.

Assessment:Practiceproblems,observations

Accommodations/Modifications:Allowstudentstogettoworkonthepracticeproblemsafterthe
firstexampleiftheychoosebutforthoseinterestedIllbedoingtwomoreexamples.

Extensionandextratimeactivity:WorkonhomeworkandstudyfortheexamonMonday.

Reflectiononhowthelessonwent.