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Keschmira Guerrier

Activity File 3 & 4

Activity File: Therapeutic Massage

Source: Zaffini, T. (n.d.). Retrieved February 08, 2016, from
Equipment: aroma therapy machine, relaxation tapes or CD, massage lotion
or oil
Activity Description: This activity can be done as a one-on-one session but
the original activity calls for 10-15 people. First, the CTRS turns on the aroma
therapy with the relaxation crystals thirty minutes before the activity starts.
Then the clients come in and sit in a circle, the lights are turned off and the
door is closed, the relaxation tapes are then turned on. There will be two
CTRS present for the activity, then it starts with each client one by one and
give them a 5 minute shoulder, neck and back massage and then move on to
the next client. Once all clients are covered the first round, they are then
given a massage with lotion for the arms and hands.
Leadership Considerations: The activity should take place in dim, quiet
room, where there are no interruptions. Communication is an important
consideration when using massage as a TR facilitation technique. It will be
helpful to educate participant and colleagues about the process and effects
of massage before using this technique (Dattilo, 2000).
Adaptations: Participants with cerebral palsy: Cerebral palsy refers to
any one of a number of neurological disorders that appear in infancy or early
childhood and permanently affect body movement and muscle coordination
but doesnt worsen over time (What is Cerebral Palsy?). Symptoms include
exaggerated reflexes, floppy or rigid limbs, and involuntary limbs. Due to the
exaggerated reflexes, one consideration may be for the TR to be a comfort
and a support for the individual. TR specialists will need to apply appropriate
and basic massage techniques that will help reduce anxiety, tension, and
stress. In a very severe case of cerebral palsy, a person may not be able to
communicate their wants or concerns clearly. If the client cannot speak,

other ways of communication, including nonverbal signals, become

important (Warner).
Participants with Eating Disorders: Eating disorders like anorexia,
bulimia, binge eating order, include extreme emotions, attitudes, and
behaviors surrounding weight and food issues. Eating disorders are
potentially life-threatening conditions that affect a persons emotional and
physical health. They can have serious consequences for health,
productivity, and relationships (Types & Symptoms). When massage was
added to therapy it decreases their drive for thinness and focus on
perfectionism significantly. Massage was effective due to touch.
Psychologists connect physical expressions of affection and security like
caressing, holding, hugging with the healthy development of social skills,
trusting behavior, self-esteem, and body image in children (Hutchinson,
2009). The TR should ask probing questions to allow the client to openly
express how they feel, and helping the woman to feel more confident in their

Adaptations References

Dattilo, J. (2000). Facilitation techniques in therapeutic recreation.

State College, PA: Venture.
Hutchinson, C. (2009, May 18). Hands-On Help for Eating Disorders.
Retrieved February 08,2016, from
Types & Symptoms of Eating Disorders. (n.d.). Retrieved February 8,
2016, from
What is Cerebral Palsy? (n.d.). Retrieved February 8, 2016, from
Warner, R. (n.d.). Working with clients who have cerebral palsy.
Retrieved February 8, 2016, from
Zaffini, T. (n.d.). Retrieved February 08, 2016, from

Keschmira Guerrier
Activity File 3 & 4

Activity File: Gardening

Source: Taylor,S. (n.d.). Retrieved February 8, 2016 from
Equipment: different types of seeds (fruits, vegetables, flowers), bowls,
markers, gardening tools, picture of a plant, bristol board
Activity Description: Gather the group in a circle, in order to prepare for
the activity, the CTRS will ask probing questions like How do plants grow?.
Then continue by showing diagrams and pictures of plants and continue to
ask questions about the growing process, and allow them to name the
different parts of the plant. Then allow the clients to touch and feel the
different type of seeds and chose which ones they would like to grow. Then
Leadership Considerations: The CTRS functions as the facilitator of the
activity. The CTRS should educate the client on relaxing techniques. The
CTRS will need to have knowledge of the emotional and cognitive conditions
of those participating and will need to be to lead the activity in an orderly,

calm manner. Then after choosing an area to plant, using the gardening
tools, allow the clients to dig and plant their seeds. Next, over the course of
several weeks, the clients will water and care for their plants and watch as
how their plants grow. Finally, when the plants are fully grown, allow the
clients to pick and eat their fruits and or vegetables that they have grown, if
some have chosen flowers, allow them to make arrangements with their
Adaptations: Participants with general anxiety disorder: People with
GAD are those who are extremely about many things, even when there is
little to no reason to worry about them. They are overly anxious and always
think things will go badly. People with GAD cant relax, startle easily. Some
physical symptoms include headaches, muscle tension, muscle aches,
twitching, sweating, nausea, and hot flashes (Generalized Anxiety Disorder).
Through therapeutic horticulture, it gives the client an opportunity to relieve
tension, frustration and aggression. An important adaptation that the CTRS
can use is to show that through the care and nurture of a plant(s), it will
allow the client to exercise his attention span and not be so fixated on the
Participants with anger issues: This activity with the help of the CTRS will
help them to relax and not become easily frustrated but to learn to be so
hostile. The activity will also allow the participant to be motivated to work
with others as a team.
Adaptations References
- Generalized Anxiety Disorder (GAD). (n.d.). Retrieved February 08, 2016, from
- What is therapeutic horticulture.pdf. (n.d.). Retrieved February 08, 2016 from