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() Design and Development of Semi-automatic Control


System for Liquid Fuel Production Unit from Used Oil
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4. (Keywords)

Liquid fuels, used oil, catalyst, hydrocracking, gasoline, kerosene, jet, diesel
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2557




Biomass Biogas


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9. / (Information)
4

-
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4

oxidation
3

stability
1


(1)

(1)

CO 2 H 2 CH 2 H 2 O



(hydrocracking) (H2)
(C-C)
brnsted site (acid heterogeneous catalyst)
2

() Zr-P

() SiO2-Al2O3

() Sulfated-Zirconia

2 Brnsted site
4

(zeolite)
(sulfated-zirconia)
(crystalline aluminosilicates) (tetrahedron)
( )


[1,2]
Lemberton [3] Pt-H-BEA Pt-HMCM-22 Pt-H-ZSM-5 1-
220oC 30 bar weight hourly space velocity (WHSV) 2 100 h-1
Pt-H-BEA 3

CH 3
H 3C

CH 3

CH3 CH3

1
CH 3

H 3C

H3C

CH3
CH3

1-

H3C
H3C

CH3
CH3

3 Pt-H-BEA
1 2
Trisunaryanti [4]
(NiO/Nb2O5-Natural Zeolite)



400oC 450oC

Khowatimy [5] (
,ZnO Y-zeolite)

Y-zeolite/ZnO conversion 99.49% Y-zeolite
99.1% 623 K 98.99% 623 K
Y-zeolite/ZnO 623 K 25.92%
74.08%
2



673oC 20 Al-Khattaf [6]
mordernite 1- -
differential equation
(reaction rate) (catalyst decay rate)
(activation energy) (
) Hagen [7]
1
Bhatacharyya
[8] H-ZSM-5 H-MCM-22 513 K 643 K
H-ZSM-5
H-MCM-22


10.
[1] Ferchiche, S., Warzywoda, J., & Jr., A. S. (2001). Direct synthesis of zeolite Y with large
particle size. International Journal of Inorganic Materials 3, 773780.
[2] Castano, P., Elordia, G., Olazar, M., Aguayo, A. T., Pawelec, B., & Bilbao, J. (2011). Insights
into the coke deposited on HZSM-5, HB and HY zeolites during the cracking of
polyethylene. Applied Catalysis B: Environmental 104 , 91100.
[3] Soualah, A., Lemberton, J., Pinard, L., Chater, M., Magnoux, P., & Moljord, K. (2008)
Hydroisomerization of long-chain n-alkanes on bifunctional Pt/zeolite catalysts: Effect of
the zeolite structure on the product selectivity and on the reaction mechanism.
Applied Catalysis A: General 336(1,2) , 2328.
[4] Trisunaryanti, W., Putranto, T. A., & Purwono, S. (2010). Hydrocracking of waste lubricant
oil into liquid fuel fraction using nio/nb2o5-hcl-activated natural zeolite catalyst: the
effect of contact time and reaction temperatures. The 2nd International Conference on
Chemical Sciences Proceeding. Yogyakarta.
[5] Khowatimy, F. A., Priastomo, Y., Febriyanti, E., & Riyantoko, H. (2014). Study of Waste
Lubricant Hydrocracking into Fuel Fraction over the Combination of Y-Zeolite and ZnO
Catalyst. Procedia Environmental Sciences 20 , 225 234.
[6] Al-Shammari, A. A., Ali, S. A., Al-Yassir, N., Aitani, A. M., & Ogunronbi, K. E. (2014).
Catalytic cracking of heavy naphtha-range hydrocarbons over different zeolites
structures. Fuel Processing Technology 122 , 1222.
[7] Hagen, J. (2006). Industrial Catalysis: A Practical Approach . WILEY-VCH.
3

[8] Talukdar, A. K., Bhattacharyya, K. G., Babab, T., & Ono, Y. (2001). 1-Hexene isomerization
and n-hexane cracking over HMCM-22. Applied Catalysis A: General 213 , 239245.
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()

1

(oC)
(C1-C4)
< 65
(C5-C6)
65-170
(C6-C10)
170-250
(C10-C14)
250-340
(C14-C19)
340-500
(C19-C35)
>500

25oC

1 2

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-

()

()
1
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