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EROSIONAL VELOCITY CRITERIA

In order to calculate erosion effects in the pipeline, the API RP 14E standard can be
used which describes the two-phase erosional velocity for sand free and corrosion
free flow as,

Ve

(Eq. 1)

mix

Where,

Ve = Erosional Velocity [m/s]


C = 100 for Continuous Flow [-]
mix = Mixture Density [kg/m3]

However in order to verify the value of C for the two phase flow thermo-hydraulic
study, the following equation can be used as follows,

Ve K s

d pipeline

(Eq.2)

Qs

Where,

Ve = Erosional Velocity [ft/s]


K s = Constant [14.07 for Pipeline Bend radius of 5D]

Qs = Volumetric Flow of Sand [ft3/day, Assumed typically between 0.01 to 0.25% of total
liquid flow]
d Pipeline = Pipeline inside diameter [in]

Substituting the values in Eq. 1 and Eq. 2, the value of C is calculated as,

C 14.07 d pipeline

mix
Qs

(Eq. 3)