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1.

(a)

z = 2
z1 =

3i
2e 4

(M1)(A1)

i
2e 4

A1

2i
adding or subtracting
3
i 2 i
+
3

z2 =

2e 4

z3 =

i 2 i

2e 4 3

M1

11i

= 2e 12
=

A1

5 i

2e 12

A1
19 i

Notes: Accept equivalent solutions e.g. z3 = 2e 12


Award marks as appropriate for solving (a + bi)3 = 2 + 2i.
Accept answers in degrees.

(b)

1
i

2e 4 = 2
+
2
2

=1+i

A1
AG

Note: Accept geometrical reasoning.


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IB Questionbank Mathematics Higher Level 3rd edition

2.

EITHER
changing to modulus-argument form
r=2

= arctan 3 =
3
n
n
n

1 + 3 = 2 n cos
+ isin
3
3

n
= 0 n = {0, 3, 6,...}
if sin
3

(M1)A1
M1
(M1)A1

N2

OR
= arctan 3 =

(M1)(A1)

M1

= k, k
n
3
n = 3k , k

M1
A1

N2
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IB Questionbank Mathematics Higher Level 3rd edition

3.

(a)

z = (1 i) 4
Let 1 i = r(cos + i sin )
r= 2

=
4

A1
A1
1


4
z = 2 cos + isin
4
4

M1
1


4
= 2 cos + 2n + i sin + 2n

4
=

1
8
2

n
n
cos + + i sin +
16 2
16 2

1
28



cos + i sin
16
16

M1

Note: Award M1 above for this line if the candidate has forgotten to
add 2 and no other solution given.
1

7
7
= 2 8 cos + i sin
16
16
1

15
15
= 2 8 cos
+ i sin

16
16
1

9
9
= 2 8 cos + i sin
16
16

A2

Note: Award A1 for 2 correct answers. Accept any equivalent form.

IB Questionbank Mathematics Higher Level 3rd edition

(b)

A2
Note: Award A1 for roots being shown equidistant from the origin
and one in each quadrant.
A1 for correct angular positions. It is not necessary to
see written evidence of angle, but must agree with the diagram.
1

(c)

4.

(a)

(b)

z2
=
z1

15
15
2 8 cos
+ i sin

16
16

1
28

7
7
cos + i sin
16
16

= cos + i sin
2
2
=i
( a = 0, b = 1)

i4 5i3 + 7i2 5i + 6 = 1 + 5i 7 5i + 6
=0
i root i is second root
moreover, x4 5x3 + 7x2 5x + 6 = (x i) (x + i) q(x)
where q(x) = x2 5x + 6
finding roots of q(x)
the other two roots are 2 and 3

M1A1

(A1)
A1

N2
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M1A1
AG

N0

(M1)A1

A1A1

Note: Final A1A1 is independent of previous work.


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5.

METHOD 1

IB Questionbank Mathematics Higher Level 3rd edition

since b > 0
arg(b + i) = 30
1
= tan 30
b
b= 3

(M1)
A1
M1A1
A2

N2

METHOD 2
arg(b + i)2 = 60 arg(b2 1 + 2bi) = 60
2b
= tan 60 = 3
2
(b 1)

3b 2 2b 3 = 0
( 3b + 1)(b 3 ) = 0
since b > 0
b= 3

M1
M1A1
A1
(M1)
A1

N2
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IB Questionbank Mathematics Higher Level 3rd edition