Markscheme for set on Complex Numbers

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Markscheme for set on Complex Numbers

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(a)

z = 2

z1 =

3i

2e 4

(M1)(A1)

i

2e 4

A1

2i

adding or subtracting

3

i 2 i

+

3

z2 =

2e 4

z3 =

i 2 i

2e 4 3

M1

11i

= 2e 12

=

A1

5 i

2e 12

A1

19 i

Award marks as appropriate for solving (a + bi)3 = 2 + 2i.

Accept answers in degrees.

(b)

1

i

2e 4 = 2

+

2

2

=1+i

A1

AG

[7]

2.

EITHER

changing to modulus-argument form

r=2

= arctan 3 =

3

n

n

n

1 + 3 = 2 n cos

+ isin

3

3

n

= 0 n = {0, 3, 6,...}

if sin

3

(M1)A1

M1

(M1)A1

N2

OR

= arctan 3 =

(M1)(A1)

M1

= k, k

n

3

n = 3k , k

M1

A1

N2

[5]

3.

(a)

z = (1 i) 4

Let 1 i = r(cos + i sin )

r= 2

=

4

A1

A1

1

4

z = 2 cos + isin

4

4

M1

1

4

= 2 cos + 2n + i sin + 2n

4

=

1

8

2

n

n

cos + + i sin +

16 2

16 2

1

28

cos + i sin

16

16

M1

Note: Award M1 above for this line if the candidate has forgotten to

add 2 and no other solution given.

1

7

7

= 2 8 cos + i sin

16

16

1

15

15

= 2 8 cos

+ i sin

16

16

1

9

9

= 2 8 cos + i sin

16

16

A2

(b)

A2

Note: Award A1 for roots being shown equidistant from the origin

and one in each quadrant.

A1 for correct angular positions. It is not necessary to

see written evidence of angle, but must agree with the diagram.

1

(c)

4.

(a)

(b)

z2

=

z1

15

15

2 8 cos

+ i sin

16

16

1

28

7

7

cos + i sin

16

16

= cos + i sin

2

2

=i

( a = 0, b = 1)

i4 5i3 + 7i2 5i + 6 = 1 + 5i 7 5i + 6

=0

i root i is second root

moreover, x4 5x3 + 7x2 5x + 6 = (x i) (x + i) q(x)

where q(x) = x2 5x + 6

finding roots of q(x)

the other two roots are 2 and 3

M1A1

(A1)

A1

N2

[12]

M1A1

AG

N0

(M1)A1

A1A1

[6]

5.

METHOD 1

since b > 0

arg(b + i) = 30

1

= tan 30

b

b= 3

(M1)

A1

M1A1

A2

N2

METHOD 2

arg(b + i)2 = 60 arg(b2 1 + 2bi) = 60

2b

= tan 60 = 3

2

(b 1)

3b 2 2b 3 = 0

( 3b + 1)(b 3 ) = 0

since b > 0

b= 3

M1

M1A1

A1

(M1)

A1

N2

[6]

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