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Do Now Day 2

1. Draw the meaning of survival of


the fittest.
2. In one sentence explain the
endosymbiont hypothesis.
3. What is 1 of the 4 requirements of
natural selection? (Hint: the video
with Charles Darwin)

Adaptations are a huge part of natural


selection. An adaptation is any inherited
trait that gives an organism to an
advantage in the environment (its
niche). There are three basic types of
adaptations:
A. Structural
B. Behavioral
C. Physiological
Adaptation Rap

Structural Adaptations

Structural adaptations include defensive structures,


camouflage, and mimicry.
Defensive structures are like thorns on a branch.
Camouflage is like the bug that looks like a leaf.
Mimicry occurs when a harmless species (mountain king
snake) resembles a harmful species (coral snake) using
coloration.
Camouflage and Mimicry

Behavioral Adaptations
Herding for protection (such as groups of cows,

sheep, prey animals)


Schooling of fish Tuna
Growling warns others to step back

Physiological Adaptations
Venom has a chemical that clots blood

Venom and Blood


Phototropism is when plants grow towards the
light
Secreting slime Hagfish Slime
Lizard Eye Adaptation

Independent Practice
Pick 2
1) Create an organism that has a structural,
behavioral, or physiological adaptation. Explain:
What is its mechanism? How is it an advantage?
Why is the better choice than the other 2 types?
Include a drawing of it.
2) Create a rap or poem about the differences
between the 3 types of adaptations and include
an example for each adaptation.
3) Make a chart of the 3 types of adaptations. What
is an example of each and explain that
advantage.

Do Now

How was your weekend?


What was your favorite
part?
What was your least
favorite part?

Mod 10- Evolution


Day 3 of 5

Mechanisms of Evolution Misconceptions about Evolution

1. Individuals dont evolve; populations do.


The population is the smallest unit of
evolution because acquired traits in an
individual cannot be passed on (inherited
by offspring). However, different traits
already present in a population
can
be selected for or against and then
changes the population.

Natural Selection
2. Evolution occurs when the gene pool (all
of the genes of a population) changes. A
change in genotype may lead to a change in
phenotype. Evolution acts on the
phenotype.

Mutations are random changes in DNA and may lead


to a new phenotype. Mutations provide the raw
material for evolution, diversity.
For example, a mutation causing white fur in Arctic
foxes may lead to better camouflage in winter.
There are three basic patterns by which natural
selection occurs:

i. Stabilizing selection favors the average phenotype in a


population.
ii. Directional selection favors ONE of the extreme ends of the
typical distribution.
iii. Diversfying (or Disruptive) Selection favors BOTH of the
extreme ends of the typical distribution.

Independent Activity- PICK 2


1) Draw and explain the different patterns
of selection: stabilizing, directional, and
diversifying (or disruptive)
2) Complete the online activity found here:
http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/evolution/darw
in/origin/index.html
and write 15 facts you learned from the
activity
3) How would a mutation benefit an
individual if the environment changed?
Create a poem or rap!

Exit Ticket
Help me become a better teacher!
1) What is one thing I do (either
personally or in class) that you
enjoy?
2) What is one thing that I do (either
personally or in class) that you do
not like? How can I fix it?