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Glossary of Food

India is a land of 15 official languages and 1568 dialects, so the list of food items in India is a
never-ending list. Here is a collection of food names that are widely recognized and commonly
used in Indian cooking. The glossary will help you identify the names of various food items and
use them to impress everyone at the dining table.
[ABCDFGJKLMNOPR STVW ]

Almond | Aniseed Saunf | Asafoetida | Ash Gourd


Basil Leaves | Bay Leaf | Bottle gourd | Brinjals | Broken Wheat
Cabbage | Capsicum/ Bell Pepper | Cardamoms (Brown) | Cardamoms (Green) | Carrots |
Chickpea | Cinamon | Cloves | Coconut | Cornflour
Dates | Drumsticks | Dry Plums | Dry White Peas
Fenugreek Seeds | French Beans
Garlic | Ginger | Green Chillies | Guava
Jaggery
Kidney Beans
Lemon | Lettuce
Mackeral | Mint leaves | Mango Powder | Mustard oil
Nutmeg
Orange
Parwal | Parsley | Peas | Peppercorns | Pomegranate seeds | Poppy seeds | Potatoes
Raisins | Raw Banana | Red Chillies | Red Pumpkin | Red lentils (Split) | Red gram |
Refined flour
Saffron
Tamarind | Turmeric
Vermicelli | Vinegar
Walnuts | Whey | Whole dried milk

Ingred
Hindi
ients

Bengal Assam
Oriya
i
ese

Marath Guja
Tamil
i
rati

Malayala
Telugu
m

Kannada

A
Almon
Badam Bada
Badam
d
Mowri m

Badam

Badam /
Badaa Bada
Vadhum Badam
m
m
ai

Badam

Badami

Anisee
Sombu/
Guwa Panam Badish Vari
Perumjee Sopugin Sopubee
d
Saunf Mowri
Perumjee
Mowri ahuri ep
yali
rrakam ja
ja
Saunf
rrakam

Asafoe
Hing
tida

Hing

Ash
Safed
Gourd Petha

Chal Lao
Pani
Boodia Boodi
Peth Pooshani Kumbala
Kumd Bishes Kakha Kohala
Gumma Kumbal
a
kai
nga
o
h
ru
di
a

Hing

Hengu Hing

Hing

Perungaa
Kaayam Inguva
yam

Hingu

B
Ingred
Hindi
ients

Bengal Assam
Oriya
i
ese

Tulsi
Basil
Ke
Leaves
Patte

Tulsi
Patta

Tulsi
Tulosi Tulasi Tulasi
na
Thulasi
Paat Patra Patra
Pan

Bay
Leaf

Tej
Pata

Tej
Paat

Teja
patra

Tam
Tamal
al
Patra
Patra

Laoo

Jati
Lao

Lau

Dudhi

Tej
Patta

Bottle
Ghia
gourd

Marath Guja
Tamil
i
rati

Malayala
Telugu
m
Tulasi

Kannada

Thulasi Tulasi
Akulu Ele
-

Dud
Cheraika Sorakay
Suraikai
Sorekai
hi
i
a

Brinjal Bainga Begoo Benge Baigan


Ring Kaththari Vazhuthi Vankay Badanek
Wangi
s
n
n
na
a
a
kai
ninga
a
ai
Bhang
Broke
Gavac Fadi Lapsi,
Dhaliy Bhang Phola a
Gothumb Danchin Kuttida
n
he
a
Godhum
a
a Gom Ghehu Gaha
u Ari
a
Godhi
Wheat
Satva Gaun ai
ma
C
Ingred
Hindi
ients

Bengal Assam
Oriya
i
ese

Marath Guja
Tamil
i
rati

Bandh
Cabba Bandh
Bonda Patrak Pan
a
ge
gobi
kobi obi
Kobi
Kopee

Kobi

Malayala
Telugu
m

Kannada

Muttaiko Muttakos Cabbag


Kosu
su
e
e,Kosu

Capsic
Kash
Siml
um/
Simla
miri
Simla Bhopli a
Kuda
Lanka
Bell
Mirch
Jalaki Lanka Mirchi Marc Milakai
Pepper
a
han

Parangi
Mulagu

Donne
Pedda
Menasin
Mirappa
akai

Carda
elach Ilachi
Elakkai
moms Moti
Aleich Masala Elch
Yalakul
(Tamat (Muga
(Pazhupp Elakkaya
Yalakki
(Brow elaichi
a
Welchi o
u
e)
)
u)
n)
Carda
Elach Ilachi
Lila Elakkai
moms Choti
Gujura Welchi
Pach
(Soboo (Seviji
Alch (Pachcha
(Green elaichi
tie
(Hirvi)
Elakkaya
j)
a)
i
i)
)

Yalakul
u
Yalakki
(Pachav (Hasuru)
i)

Carrot
Gajar
s

Gujar

Gajor Gajar

Chick Kabuli Motor


Saru
pea
chane Kalai

Gaja
Carrot
r

Gajar

Kabu
Buta
Vellai
Kabuli li
Vella
(Kabul
Kothuka
chane chan
Kadala
i/big)
dalai
a

Cinam Dalchi Daroo Dalch Dalach Dalchi


Tuj
on
ni
chini eni
ini
ni
Cloves Laung

Laban
Long
go

Carrot

Gajjara
Gajjari
Gadda
-

Dalchin
Lavanga Karuvap
a
Dalchini
pattai
atta
Chekka

Karayaa
Laban Lavan Lavi
Lavanga
Kraambu mboovu;
Lavanga
ga
ga
ng
lu
Kaaramb
Nalikera
Nali
Kobbari Tengina
Thengai m;
yar
Kaaya kai
thenga

Cocon Nariya Narcol Narik


Nadia Naral
ut
l
e
ol

Refind Bhoott
Makya Mak
Cornfl
Makka
Chola
makai ar
Moida
che
ai no
our
Atta
Maavu
ka atta Maida
Pith
lot

Mokkaj Musukin
Cholapo
onnalu ajolada
di
Pindi
Hittu

D
Ingred
Hindi
ients

Bengal Assam
Oriya
i
ese

Dates

Khejo Kheju Khajur


Khaj Pericham Eathapaz Khajoor Kharjoo
Khajur
or
r
a
ur
pazham ham
a Pandu ra

Khajur

Marath Guja
Tamil
i
rati

Malayala
Telugu
m

Kannada

Sara
Sahjan
Sajana Shevg gvan
Drums
Sjane
Murunga Muringa Munaga Nuggek
ki
Sajina Chhui yachya i
ticks
Dautta
ikai
kkaya
kayalu ai
phali
n
Shenga Shin
g
Barak
Alu
Sukan oli
Aalpacot
Dry
Sookn
Alubh Suka
bukhar
Bogor Jateey
a Ular
Plums
o Kool
ukhar Plum
a
i
a
Pazham
Phala
Dry
Sukhe
White
matar
Peas

Safe
Safed
d
Watan
Vata
e
na

Menthul
u

F
Ingred
Hindi
ients

Bengal Assam
Oriya
i
ese

Marath Guja
Tamil
i
rati

Malayala
Telugu
m

Fenugr Methi Methi Paleng Methi Methi Meth Vendhay Beans

French

Kannada
Menthe

eek
Dana
Seeds

Dane

French Pharas French Faras


Beans been beans Been

am

Chikkud
u

French
Farasbi Fansi Beans
beans

French
Veluthuli
Vellulli Beans;
; Vellulli
Avare

G
Ingred
Hindi
ients

Bengal Assam
Oriya
i
ese

Marath Guja
Tamil
i
rati

Garlic Lassan

Rasoo Nahar Rasun


Lasa Ulli
Lasun
n
oo
a
n
Poondu

Ada
Ada
Ada
Ginger Adrak (Tatka
(Kach Aale
(Kesa)
)
a/raw)

Adu Inji

Malayala
Telugu
m

Kannada

Inchi

Allam
(Pachch Bellulli
i)

Inchi

Allam(P Ashi
achchi) Shunti

Kacha
Green
Kanch Kesa
Hirvya Lila
Pachchi Hasi
Hari
Lanka
Pachchai Pachamu
Chillie
a
Jalaki
Mirchy Marc
Mirapak Menasin
mirch
Maric
Milagai lagu
s
Lanka a
a
ha
ayalu
akai
ha
Guava Amrud Payara

Madh
Pijuli
urium

Jamr Koyyapa
Jaamapa
Perakkai
Seebe
ukh zham
ndu

Peru
J

Ingred
Hindi
ients

Bengal Assam
Oriya
i
ese

Marath Guja
Tamil
i
rati

Malayala
Telugu
m

Kannada

Jagger
Gur
y

Gur

Gul

Sarkara;
Bellam
Vellam

Bella

Malayala
Telugu
m

Kannada

Gur

Guda

Gol

Vellam

K
Ingred
Hindi
ients

Bengal Assam
Oriya
i
ese

Barag
Kidne
Markh
Barbat
udi
y
Rajma
owa
i Beej
Chhui/
Beans
Urahi
Rajma

Marath Guja
Tamil
i
rati
-

L
Ingred
Hindi
ients

Bengal Assam
Oriya
i
ese

Lemon Nimbu Lebu


Lettuc Salad
e
ke

Marath Guja
Tamil
i
rati

Nemu Lembu Limbu

Malayala
Telugu
m

Kannada

Elumich
Limb
Cherunar
am
Nimma Nimbe
u
anga
Pazham

Lettuc Laipaa Lettuc Saladc Lettu Lettuce


e
t
e
hi
ce
Keerai

Uvarche Lettuce Lettuce


era
Koora Soppu

patte

panne
M

Ingred
Hindi
ients
Bangd
Macke a
ral
machh
i

Bengal Assam
Oriya
i
ese
-

Marath Guja
Tamil
i
rati
-

Malayala
Telugu
m
-

Kannada

Mint
Poodin Podin Podan
Fudi
Pudhina Pudina
Pudina
Pudina
Pudhinaa Pudhinaa
leaves
a Pata a
a Patra
no
Koora Sopu
Karo
Mango
Amch Amch Amor Amch Aamch no
Maangaa Manga
Powde
ur
ur
Guri ur
ur
Pow Podi
Podi
r
der
Mohari Rain
Mustar Sarson Sarsay Mitha Sorish
Kadugu
che
u nu
d oil
ka tel tel
Tel
a Tela
Ennai
Tel
tel

Mamidi
Mavinak
kaya
ai Pudi
Pudi

Kedugen Avanun Sassive


na
e
Enne

N
Ingred
Hindi
ients

Bengal Assam
Oriya
i
ese

Marath Guja
Tamil
i
rati

Malayala
Telugu
m

Kannada

Nutme Zaipha
Jaaiph Jaiphal Jayaph Jayfa
Jaifall
Jaadhikai Jathikka Jaikaaya Jaika
g
l
al
a
al
l
O
Ingred
Hindi
ients

Bengal Assam
Oriya
i
ese

Marath Guja
Tamil
i
rati

Malayala
Telugu
m

Kannada

Oranju,
Orang
Kamla Sumot Kamal
Sant
Madhura Kamala
Santra
Santre
Kichilipa
Kittale
e
Leboo hira
a
ara
Naranga Pandu
zham
P
Ingred
Hindi
ients

Bengal Assam
Oriya
i
ese

Parwal Parwal Patol

Patol

Potala
and
also
Chhac
hindra

Marath Guja
Tamil
i
rati

Malayala
Telugu
m

Kannada

Kottamb
Ajmoo
Sugan Balaba
Kothama
Kothim
Parsle
Parsle
Ajmod Ajm
Malleila
ari
da ka
dhi
lua
lu Ilaigal
eera Jati
y
y
a
oda
Pole
Jothiya
patta
Lota Saga
Pole
Koora
Soppu

Peas

Matar Motor

Motor
Vata
Matar Matar
Pattani
mah
na

Kali
Pepper mirch
Marich Jaluk
corns ke
dane

Golam Kale
aricha Miri

Mari Milagu

Pattani
Payaru

Bathane
Batani
du

Menasin
Kurumul Miriyaal a Kalu;
agu
u
Karimen
asa

Pomeg
Dalim Dalim Dada
Madhala Daanim
Anard Daree Dalim
Maadhul
Dalmbo
ranate
ba
bache mna
Naranga ma
ana
m Bij Guti
ai Vidhai
Beeja
seeds
Manji Dane Bee
Kuru
ginjalu
Poppy Khusk
seeds hus
Potato
Aloo
es

Aloo

Aloo

Alu

Khas
Khas

Khas Kasakasa
Kaskas
khas a

Gasagas Gusagas
aalu
e Beeja

Bangaal
Batat Urulaikiz Urulakki
Aalugad
Batate
a
a
hangu
zhangu
de
Dumpa
R

Ingred
Hindi
ients

Malayala
Telugu
m

Kannada

Sukan
Lal Ular
Raisin Khish Khish
Unakka Kismis
Angoo Kismis Kismis Drak Dhraaks
s
mish mish
munthiri Pallu
r
sh
hai

Dweepa
drakshi

Raw
Kachh
Banan
a Kela
a

Bengal Assam
Oriya
i
ese

Marath Guja
Tamil
i
rati

Vazhakai Vazhakai

Red
Sukan Lal
Lal
Lal
Lal
Paka
Milagai
Chillie
Jalaki Mirch Mircha Marc
mirch Lanka
Vatral
s
a
aya
ya
ha

Aratika Balle
ya
Kaya

Chuvann Erra
a
Mirapa
Mulagu Kayalu

Kempu
Menasin
akai

Red
Ronga
Lal
Chuvapp Erra
Kempu
Bhopl
Ronga Kakha
Parangik
Pumpk
Koomr
Bhopla Kolu
u
Gumma Kumbal
a
Lao
ru
ai
in
a
Maida
Mathan di
a
Lal
Red
Masoo
Masoo
lentils
r
r dal
(Split)
(Bhan
ga)

Masoo
r Dail
(phola
)

Red
gram

Rahor Harad Tur


Dail Dali
Dal

Arhar Arhar
dal
dal

Masur
Mas
a Dali Masur
ur
(Phala Dal
Dal
)

Massor
Paruppu; Masoor
Mysore Parippu
Paruppu

Missu
Pappu

Masur
Bele

Thuvara
Tuve
Thvara
m
r Dal
Parippu
Paruppu

Kandi
Pappu

Togri
Bele

Maida
Pindi

Maida
Hittu

Bisudh Parish
Refine
Man Maida
Maida a
odhita Maida Maida
d flour
do
Maavu
Maida Moida
S

Maida

Ingred
Hindi
ients
Saffro
Kesar
n

Bengal Assam
Oriya
i
ese
-

Marath Guja
Tamil
i
rati
Kesa
r

Kesar

Malayala
Telugu
m

Kannada
-

T
Ingred
Hindi
ients

Bengal Assam
Oriya
i
ese

Marath Guja
Tamil
i
rati

Tamar
Imli
ind

Tentoo
Tentul Chinch
Teteli
Amli Puli
l
i
a

Puli

Chintha Hunase
pandu Hannu

Turme
Haldi
ric

Haloo Halod
Haladi Halad
d
hi

Manjal

Pasupu

Hald
Manjal
ar

Malayala
Telugu
m

Kannada

Arasina

V
Ingred
Hindi
ients

Bengal Assam
Oriya
i
ese

Marath Guja
Tamil
i
rati

Vermi
Shevay
Sevain Simoi Sheoi Simei
Sev
celli
a
Vineg
Sirka
ar

Seerka Sirika

Vineg
Sirka
ar

Semiya

Sirko Pulikaadi

Malayala
Telugu
m
Semiya
Vinagiri;
Surka

Kannada

Semiya Shavige
-

W
Ingred
Hindi
ients

Bengal Assam
Oriya
i
ese

Marath Guja
Tamil
i
rati

Walnu
Akhro
Akhr
Akhrot Akhrot
Akhrot Akrod
Akhrot
ts
t
ot
Paneer
Whey ka
Ghol
pani

Ghol

Dahi
Dahya nu
Chhen
chi
Nitar
a Pani
Nivli elu
Pani

Whole
Khoya Khoya Kheju
dried
Khoa
/Mava ksheer ri
milk

Khava

Malayala
Telugu
m

Kannada

Akhrot

Acrota

Akhrot

Mav
Khoa
o

Khoa

Khoa

Khoa