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Information in this file is accurate at paper catalog publication time and is subject to change without notice. For the most up-to-date information available on our titles, please consult the individual book pages on our website, which may be found at http://mitpress.mit.edu; journal information may be found at http://www.mitpressjournals.org. Book entries in this document are linked to their corresponding website pages by their International Standard Book Numbers (ISBNs). Journal links are identified at the bottom of each entry.
anthropology 48 architecture 22-25, 58 art 11, 13, 16-21, 40-41, 56, 57, 63-64 bioethics 61, 86 business 8-9, 52, 65 cognitive science 52, 67-68, 70, 74-76 computer engineering 90-91 computer music 64, 78-79 computer science 70, 79, 91 cultural studies 13-14, 28, 44-45, 49, 57 current affairs 5, 26, 31-32, 36, 48, 50, 72 design 2-4, 12 economics 35, 53, 59-61, 92-97 environment 27-28, 29-30, 53, 54, 98-100 fiction 42, 47 game studies 62, 81 history of computing 37, 71 information science 50, 66, 81 Internet studies 36, 72 linguistics 68-69, 87-89 media 3, 55, 81 neuroscience 58, 69, 70, 82-86 new media 5, 11, 62-64, 78, 80 philosophy 14, 43-44, 49, 51, 56, 68, 76, 78, 83 philosophy of mind 74-76 philosophy of science 77, 86 politics, political science 30, 32, 48, 54, 72, 97-98, 98-99-100 psychology 60, 74 public policy 27 science 6-7, 33-34, 38, 51, 53 science, technology, and society 66, 73 vision 70, 83-84 technology, history of technology 10, 31, 53, 55, 65-66, 72-73, 80 The Digital MIT Press 101 MIT Press Journals 102-104 Sales information 105-107 Distributed by the MIT Press Afterall Books 40-41 Semiotext(e) 42-47 Zone Books 48-51
Front, inside front, and back cover illustrations by Branko Lukic from NONOBJECT.
AAAAW TO ZZZZZD: THE WORDS OF BIRDS
North America, Britain, and Northern Europe John Bevis with photographs by the author
Birds sing and call, sometimes in complex and beautiful arrangements of notes, sometimes in one-line repetitions that resemble a ringtone more than a symphony. Listening, we are stirred, transported, and even envious of birds’ ability to produce what Shelley called “profuse strains of unpremeditated art.” And for hundreds of years, we have tried to write down what we hear when birds sing. Poets have put birdsong in verse (Thomas Nashe: “Cuckoo, jug-jug, pu-we, towitta-woo”) and ornithologists have transcribed bird sounds more methodically. Drawing on this history of bird writing, in Aaaaw to Zzzzzd John Bevis offers a lexicon of the words of birds. For tourists in Birdland, there could be no more charming phrasebook. Consulting it, we find seven distinct variations of “hoo” attributed to seven different species of owls, from a simple hoo to the more ambitious hoo hoo hoo-hoo, ho hoo hoo-hoo; the understated cheet of the tree swallow; the resonant kreeaaaaaaaaaaar of the Swainson’s hawk; the modest peep peep peep of the meadow pipit. We learn that some people hear the Baltimore oriole saying “here, here, come right here, dear” and the yellowhammer saying “a little bit of bread and no cheese.” Bevis, a poet, frames his lexicons — one for North America and one for Britain and northern Europe — with an evocative appreciation of birds, birdsong, and human attempts to capture the words of birds in music and poetry. He also offers an engaging account of other methods of documenting birdsong — field recording, graphic notation, and mechanical devices including duck calls and the serinette, an instrument used to teach song tunes to songbirds. The singing of birds is nature at its most sublime, and words are our medium for expressing this sublimity. Aaaaw to Zzzzzd belongs in the bird lover’s backpack and on the word lover’s bedside table, an unexpected and sui generis pleasure.
John Bevis is a writer, poet, and book artist living in London. The distinctive and amazing songs and calls of birds: a meditation and a lexicon.
September 4 1/4 x 7, 160 pp. 24 illus. $12.95T/£9.95 cloth 978-0-262-01429-8
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Branko Lukic with text by Barry M. Katz foreword by Bill Moggridge
What happens when designers think beyond the object to create positive, unexpected design experiences.
October 8 x 10, 240 pp. 82 illus., color throughout $29.95T/£22.95 cloth 978-0-262-01484-7
The “objective” world is one of facts, data, and actuality. The world of the “nonobject” is about perception, experience, and possibility. In this highly original and visually extravagant book, Branko Lukic (an award-winning designer) and Barry Katz (an authority on the history and philosophy of design) imagine what would happen if design started not from the object but from the space between people and the objects they use. The “nonobject,” they explain, is the designer’s personal experiment to explore our relation to the observable world. So they show us an umbrella that puts us in a harmonious relationship with nature by sending falling rain rushing through the handle from an upturned top that resembles a flower; a spoon with a myriad of tiny bowls that allow us to savor our soup; a “superpractical” cell phone with keypad, speaker, and microphone on every surface. They imagine the ideal material, “Thinium,” incredibly thin and incredibly strong, environmentally and aesthetically beneficial. They show us clocks and watches that free us from time told by artificial demarcation and consider the possibility of a digital camera that captures the part of the scene we didn’t see. In NONOBJECT, product design meets philosophy, poetry, and the theater of the imagination. The nonobject fills us with surprise and delight.
Branko Lukic is Founder of Nonobject, a multidisciplinary design consultancy in Palo Alto, California, and creator of the philosophy of the nonobject. As lead industrial designer at frog design and IDEO, he led projects for such clients as Nike, Samsung, Pepsi, Starbucks, and Ford. He has won numerous design awards. Barry M. Katz, Professor of Humanities and Design at California College of the Arts and Consulting Professor of Design at Stanford University, has written extensively on the history and philosophy of design. He is the author of Technology and Culture: A Historical Romance and other books.
Illustration by Branko Lukic from NONOBJECT.
National Print Attention • National Advertising: New York Review of Books, Bookforum • Web site feature
Mainstream media, often known simply as MSM, have not yet disappeared in a digital takeover of the media landscape. But the long-dominant MSM — television, radio, newspapers, magazines, and books — have had to respond to emergent digital media. Newspapers have interactive Web sites; television broadcasts over the Internet; books are published in both electronic and print editions. In Designing Media, design guru Bill Moggridge examines connections and conflicts between old and new media, describing how MSM have changed and how new patterns of media consumption are emerging. The book features interviews with thirty-seven significant figures in both traditional and new forms of mass communication; interviewees range from the publisher of the New York Times to the founder of Twitter. We learn about innovations in media that rely on contributions from a crowd (or a community), as told by Wikipedia’s Jimmy Wales and Craigslist’s Craig Newmark; how the band OK Go built a following using YouTube; how realtime connections between dispatchers and couriers inspired Twitter; how a BusinessWeek blog became a quarterly printed supplement to the magazine; and how e-readers have evolved from Rocket eBook to QUE. Ira Glass compares the intimacy of radio to that of the Internet; the producer of PBS’s Frontline supports the program’s investigative journalism by putting documentation of its findings online; and the developers of Google’s Trendalyzer software describe its beginnings as animations that accompanied lectures about social and economic development in rural Africa. At the end of each chapter, Moggridge comments on the implications for designing media. Designing Media is illustrated with hundreds of images, with color throughout. A DVD accompanying the book includes excerpts from all of the interviews, and the material can be browsed at www.designing-media.com.
Bill Moggridge, Director of the CooperHewitt National Design Museum in New York City, is a founder of IDEO, the famous innovation and design firm. He has a global reputation as an award-winning designer, having pioneered interaction design and integrated human factors disciplines into design practice. Connections and clashes between new and old media, as told by interviewees ranging from the founder of Twitter to the publisher of the New York Times.
October 8 x 9, 570 pp. 300 color illus. includes DVD $39.95T/£29.95 cloth 978-0-262-01485-4
Chris Anderson, Rich Archuleta, Blixa Bargeld, Colin Callender, Fred Deakin, Martin Eberhard, David Fanning, Jane Friedman, Mark Gerzon, Ira Glass, Nat Hunter, Chad Hurley, Joel Hyatt, Alex Juhasz, Jorge Just, Alex MacLean, Bob Mason, Roger McNamee, Jeremy Merle, Craig Newmark, Bruce Nussbaum, Alice Rawsthorn, Anna Rosling Rönnlund, Hans Rosling, Ola Rosling, Paul Saffo, Jesse Scanlon, DJ Spooky, Neil Stevenson, Arthur Sulzberger Jr., Shinichi Takemura, James Truman, Jimmy Wales, Tim Westergren, Ev Williams, Erin Zhu, Mark Zuckerberg
Also available DESIGNING INTERACTIONS Bill Moggridge 2006, 978-0-262-13474-3 $42.95T/£31.95 cloth includes DVD
Author Appearances • National Print Attention • National Broadcast Campaign National Advertising: New York Review of Books, The Atlantic, Harper’s, Bookforum • Web site feature mitpress.mit.edu Fall 2010
LIVING WITH COMPLEXITY
Donald A. Norman
Why we don’t really want simplicity, and how we can learn to live with complexity.
October 5 3/8 x 8, 280 pp. 66 illus. $24.95T/£18.95 cloth 978-0-262-01486-1
Also available THE INVISIBLE COMPUTER Why Good Products Can Fail, the Personal Computer Is So Complex, and Information Appliances Are the Solution Donald A. Norman 1999, 978-0-262-64041-1 $24.95S/£18.95 paper
If only today’s technology were simpler! It’s the universal lament, but it’s wrong. We don’t want simplicity. Simple tools are not up to the task. The world is complex; our tools need to match that complexity. Simplicity turns out to be more complex than we thought. In this provocative and informative book, Don Norman writes that the complexity of our technology must mirror the complexity and richness of our lives. It’s not complexity that’s the problem, it’s bad design. Bad design complicates things unnecessarily and confuses us. Good design can tame complexity. Norman gives us a crash course in the virtues of complexity. But even such simple things as salt and pepper shakers, doors, and light switches become complicated when we have to deal with many of them, each somewhat different. Managing complexity, says Norman, is a partnership. Designers have to produce things that tame complexity. But we too have to do our part: we have to take the time to learn the structure and practice the skills. This is how we mastered reading and writing, driving a car, and playing sports, and this is how we can master our complex tools. Complexity is good. Simplicity is misleading. The good life is complex, rich, and rewarding — but only if it is understandable, sensible, and meaningful.
Business Week has named Don Norman as one of the world’s most influential designers. He has been both a professor and an executive: he was Vice President of Advanced Technology at Apple; his company, the Nielsen Norman Group, helps companies produce human-centered products and services; he has been on the faculty at Harvard, the University of California, San Diego, Northwestern University, and KAIST, in South Korea. He is the author of many books, including The Design of Everyday Things, The Invisible Computer (MIT Press, 1998), Emotional Design, and The Design of Future Things.
Author Appearances • National Print Attention • National Broadcast Campaign National Advertising: New York Review of Books, The Atlantic, Harper’s, Bookforum • Web site feature
new media/current affairs
Journalism at Play Ian Bogost, Simon Ferrari, and Bobby Schweizer
Journalism has embraced digital media in its struggle to survive. But most online journalism just translates existing practices to the Web: stories are written and edited as they are for print; video and audio features are produced as they would be for television and radio. The authors of Newsgames propose a new way of doing good journalism: videogames. Videogames are native to computers rather than a digitized form of prior media. Games simulate how things work by constructing interactive models; journalism as game involves more than just revisiting old forms of news production. The book describes newsgames that can persuade, inform, and titillate; make information interactive; recreate a historical event; put news content into a puzzle; teach journalism; and build a community. Wired magazine’s game Cutthroat Capitalism, for example, explains the economics of Somali piracy by putting the player in command of a pirate ship, offering choices for hostage negotiation strategies. And Powerful Robot’s game September 12th offers a model for a short, quickly produced, and widely distributed editorial newsgame. Videogames do not offer a panacea for the ills of contemporary news organizations. But if the industry embraces them as a viable method of doing journalism — not just an occasional treat for online readers — newsgames can make a valuable contribution.
Ian Bogost is Associate Professor in the School of Literature, Communication, and Culture at the Georgia Institute of Technology and a Founding Partner at Persuasive Games LLC. He is the author of Unit Operations: An Approach
How videogames offer a new way to do journalism.
October 6 x 9, 208 pp. 45 illus. $24.95T/£18.95 cloth 978-0-262-01487-8
Also available UNIT OPERATIONS An Approach to Videogame Criticism Ian Bogost 2008, 978-0-262-52487-2 $19.00S/£14.95 paper PERSUASIVE GAMES The Expressive Power of Videogames Ian Bogost 2010, 978-0-262-51488-0 $19.00S/£14.95 paper
to Videogame Criticism (2006) and Persuasive Games: The Expressive Power of Videogames (2007) and the coauthor (with Nick Montfort) of Racing the Beam: The Atari Video Computer System (2009), all published by the MIT Press. Simon Ferrari is a graduate student at the Georgia Institute of Technology. Bobby Schweizer is a PhD student at the Georgia Institute of Technology.
Author Appearances • National Print Attention • National Broadcast Campaign mitpress.mit.edu Fall 2010
HOW TO CATCH A ROBOT RAT
How biology has inspired technology — from a watch with an alarm modeled on a cricket’s noisemaking to a robot that can dance.
When Biology Inspires Innovation Agnès Guillot and Jean-Arcady Meyer translated by Susan Emanuel
Humans have modeled their technology on nature for centuries. The inventor of paper was inspired by a wasp’s nest; Brunelleschi demonstrated the principles of his famous dome with an egg; a Swiss company produced a wristwatch with an alarm modeled on the sound-producing capabilities of a cricket. Today, in the era of the “new bionics,” engineers aim to reproduce the speed and maneuverability of the red tuna in a submarine; cochlear implants send sound signals to the auditory nerve of a hearing-impaired person; and robots replicate a baby’s cognitive development. How to Catch a Robot Rat examines past, present, and future attempts to apply the methods and systems found in nature to the design of objects and devices. The authors look at “natural technology transfers”: how the study of nature inspired technological breakthroughs — including the cricket-inspired watch; Velcro, which duplicates the prickly burrs of a burdock flower; and self-sharpening blades that are modeled on rats’ self-sharpening teeth. They examine autonomous robots that imitate animals and their behaviors — for example, the development of an unmanned microdrone that could fly like an albatross. And they describe hybrids of natural and artificial systems: neuroprostheses translating the thought of quadriplegics; and a nanorobot controlled by muscle cells. Some of the ideas described have outstripped technology’s capacity to realize them; nature has had more than three billion years to perfect its designs, humankind not quite so long.
Agnès Guillot is Assistant Professor in Psychophysiology at the University of Paris X. Jean-Arcady Meyer is Emeritus Research Director at CNRS (Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique). Both are researchers at the Institute of Intelligent Systems and Robotics, University Pierre and Marie Curie, Paris.
September 6 x 9, 232 pp. 103 illus. $29.95T/£22.95 cloth 978-0-262-01452-6
National Print Attention • National Broadcast Attention • Web site feature
GENETIC TWISTS OF FATE
Stanley Fields and Mark Johnston
News stories report almost daily that scientists have linked a certain gene to a disease like Alzheimer’s or macular degeneration, or to a condition like depression or autism, or to a trait like aggressiveness or anxiety. Accompanying this remarkable progress in unraveling the genetic basis of disease and behavior are new technologies that are rapidly reducing the cost of reading someone’s personal DNA (all six billion letters of it). Within the next ten years, hospitals may present parents with their newborn’s complete DNA code along with her footprints and APGAR score. In Genetic Twists of Fate, distinguished geneticists Stanley Fields and Mark Johnston help us make sense of the genetic revolution that is upon us. Fields and Johnston tell real life stories that hinge on the inheritance of one tiny change rather than another in an individual’s DNA: a mother wrongly accused of poisoning her young son when the true killer was a genetic disorder; the mountain-climbing brothers with a one-in-two chance of succumbing to Huntington’s disease; the screen siren who could no longer remember her lines because of Alzheimer’s disease; and the president who was treated with rat poison to prevent another heart attack. In an engaging and accessible style, Fields and Johnston explain what our personal DNA code is, how a few differences in its long list of our DNA letters make each of us unique, and how that code influences our appearance, our behavior, and our risk for such common diseases as diabetes or cancer.
Stanley Fields is Professor of Genome Sciences and Medicine at the University of Washington and a Howard Hughes Medical Institute Investigator. Mark Johnston is Professor and Chair of the Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Genetics at the University of Colorado School of Medicine and Editor-in-Chief of the journal Genetics. How tiny variations in our personal DNA can determine how we look, how we behave, how we get sick, and how we get well.
September 6 x 9, 240 pp. 45 illus. $24.95T/£18.95 cloth 978-0-262-01470-0
THE INNOVATOR’S WAY
Two experts show that innovation is a skill that can be learned and describe eight essential practices for achieving success.
Esssential Practices for Successful Innovation Peter J. Denning and Robert P. Dunham foreword by John Seely Brown
Innovation is the ruling buzzword in business today. Technology companies invest billions in developing new gadgets; business leaders see innovation as the key to a competitive edge; policymakers craft regulations to foster a climate of innovation. And yet businesses report a success rate of only four percent for innovation initiatives. Can we significantly increase our odds of succeeding at innovation? In The Innovator’s Way, innovation experts Peter Denning and Robert Dunham reply with an emphatic yes. Innovation, they write, is not simply an invention, a policy, or a process to be managed. Innovation is a personal skill that can be learned, developed through practice, and extended into organizations. Denning and Dunham define innovation as the art of getting people to adopt change. They draw a distinction between invention and innovation: many inventions never become innovations, and many innovations do not involve an invention. They identify and describe eight personal practices that all successful innovators perform: sensing, envisioning, offering, adopting, sustaining, executing, leading, and embodying. Together, these practices can boost a fledgling innovator to success. Weakness in any of these practices, they show, blocks innovation. Denning and Dunham describe innovation at scales ranging from the private (a family organization of chores and allowances) to the planetary (the invention and adoption of the World Wide Web). They provide a detailed account of the eight practices and how to accomplish them; and they chart the path to innovation mastery, from individual practices to teams and social networks.
Peter J. Denning is Distinguished Professor, Chair of the Computer Science Department, and Director of the Cebrowski Institute for Information Innovation and Superiority at the Naval Postgraduate School in Monterey, California. He is the author of The Invisible Future, Talking Back to the Machine, Beyond Calculation, and other books. Robert P. Dunham founded the Institute for Generative Leadership and the consulting company Enterprise Performance.
September 6 x 9, 416 pp. 25 illus. $29.95T/£22.95 cloth 978-0-262-01454-0
Delivering Customer Value through Flexible Operations David Simchi-Levi
In recent years, management gurus have urged businesses to adopt such strategies as just-in-time, lean manufacturing, offshoring, and frequent deliveries to retail outlets. But today, these much-touted strategies may be risky. Global financial turmoil, rising labor costs in developing countries, and huge volatility in the price of oil and other commodities can disrupt a company’s entire supply chain and threaten its ability to compete. In Operations Rules, David Simchi-Levi identifies the crucial element in a company’s success: the link between the value it provides its customers and its operations strategies. And he offers a set of scientifically and empirically based rules that management can follow to achieve a quantum leap in operations performance. Flexibility, says Simchi-Levi, is the single most important capability that allows firms to innovate in their operations and supply chain strategies. A small investment in flexibility can achieve almost all the benefits of full flexibility. And successful companies do not all pursue the same strategies. Amazon and Wal-Mart, for example, are direct competitors but each focuses on a different market channel and provides a unique customer value proposition — Amazon, large selection and reliable fulfillment; Wal-Mart, low prices — that directly aligns with its operations strategy. Simchi-Levi’s rules — regarding such issues as channels, price, product characteristics, value-added service, procurement strategy, and information technology — transform operations and supply chain management from an undertaking based on gut feeling and anecdotes to a science.
David Simchi-Levi is Professor of Engineering Systems at MIT, editor-inchief of the journal Operations Research, and coauthor of Designing and Managing the Supply Chain and The Logic of Logistics. He is the founder of LogicTools (now a division of IBM’s ILOG), which provides software solutions and professional services for supply chain planning. An expert offers a set of rules that will help managers achieve dramatic improvements in operations performance.
September 6 x 9, 208 pp. 50 illus. $29.95T/£22.95 cloth 978-0-262-01474-8
Rule 2.1: The operations strategy that a company deploys must be centered on the value proposition the firm provides to its customers. Rule 2.2: Functional and innovative products typically require different supply chain strategies. Rule 5.3: Invest Now or Pay Later: Firms need to invest in flexibility or they will pay the price later. Rule 6.1: Enabling, supporting and enforcing a business strategy are the objectives of IT investment Rule 7.1: A small investment in flexibility can make a significant impact on total supply chain cost. Rule 9.1: Modular product architecture is important when flexibility is required. Rule 10.2: Recent changes in the economy — escalating oil prices, higher labor costs in developing countries, and decline in consumer demand — will force a new trend of more regional activities. — from Operations Rules mitpress.mit.edu Fall 2010
Why we complain about communication overload even as we seek new ways to communicate.
Human Expression in the Age of Communications Overload Richard H. R. Harper
Our workdays are so filled with emails, instant messaging, and RSS feeds that we complain that there’s not enough time to get our actual work done. At home, we are besieged by telephone calls on landlines and cell phones, the beeps that signal text messages, and work emails on our BlackBerrys. It’s too much, we cry (or type) as we update our Facebook pages, compose a blog post, or check to see what Shaquille O’Neal has to say on Twitter. In Texture, Richard Harper asks why we seek out new ways of communicating even as we complain about communication overload. Harper explores the interplay between technological innovation and socially creative ways of exploiting technology, between our delight in using new forms of communication and our vexation at the burdens this places on us, and connects these to what it means to be human — alive, connected, expressive — today. He describes the mistaken assumptions of developers that “more” is always better — that videophones, for example, are better than handhelds — and argues that users prefer simpler technologies that allow them to create social bonds. Communication is not just the exchange of information. There is a texture to our communicative practices, manifest in the different means we choose to communicate (quick or slow, permanent or ephemeral). The goal, Harper says, should not be to make communication more efficient, but to supplement and enrich the expressive vocabulary of human experience.
Richard H. R. Harper, currently Principal Researcher in Socio-Digital Systems at Microsoft Research, has explored user-focused technical innovation in academic, corporate, and small company settings. He is the coauthor (with Abigail J. Sellen) of The Myth of the Paperless Office (MIT Press, 2001).
November 5 3/8 x 8, 384 pp. 1 illus. $29.95T/£22.95 cloth 978-0-262-08374-4
Also available THE MYTH OF THE PAPERLESS OFFICE Abigail J. Sellen and Richard H. R. Harper 2003, 978-0-262-69283-0 $21.00T/£15.95 paper
ENFOLDMENT AND INFINITY
An Islamic Genealogy of New Media Art Laura U. Marks
In both classical Islamic art and contemporary new media art, one point can unfold to reveal an entire universe. A fourteenth-century dome decorated with geometric complexity and a new media work that shapes a dome from programmed beams of light: both can inspire feelings of immersion and transcendence. In Enfoldment and Infinity, Laura Marks traces the strong similarities, visual and philosophical, between these two kinds of art. Her argument is more than metaphorical; she shows that the “Islamic” quality of modern and new media art is a latent, deeply enfolded, historical inheritance from Islamic art and thought. Marks proposes an aesthetics of unfolding and enfolding in which image, information, and the infinite interact: image is an interface to information, and information (such as computer code or the words of the Qur’an) is an interface to the infinite. After demonstrating historically how Islamic aesthetics traveled into Western art, Marks draws explicit parallels between works of classical Islamic art and new media art, describing texts that burst into image, lines that multiply to form fractal spaces, “nonorganic life” in carpets and algorithms, and other shared concepts and images. Islamic philosophy, she suggests, can offer fruitful ways of understanding contemporary art.
Laura U. Marks is Dena Wosk University Professor in Art and Culture Studies in the School for the Contemporary Arts at Simon Fraser University. She is the author of The Skin of the Film: Intercultural Cinema, Embodiment, and the Senses and Touch: Sensuous Theory and Multisensory Media. Tracing the connections — both visual and philosophical — between new media art and classical Islamic art.
September 7 x 9, 392 pp. 31 color illus., 140 black & white illus. $37.95T/£28.95 cloth 978-0-262-01421-2 A Leonardo Book
A richly illustrated study of fashion under socialism, from state-sponsored prototypes to unofficial imitations of Paris fashion.
The Spectre that Haunted Socialism Djurdja Bartlett
The idea of fashion under socialism conjures up images of babushka headscarves and black market blue jeans. And yet, as Djurdja Bartlett shows in this groundbreaking book, the socialist East had an intimate relationship with fashion. Official antagonism — which cast fashion as frivolous and anti-revolutionary — eventually gave way to grudging acceptance and creeping consumerism. Bartlett outlines three phases in socialist fashion, and illustrates them with abundant images from magazines of the period: postrevolutionary utopian dress, official state-sanctioned socialist fashion, and samizdat-style everyday fashion. Utopian dress, ranging from the geometric abstraction of the constructivists under Bolshevism in the Soviet Union to the no-frills desexualized uniform of a factory worker in Czechoslovakia, reflected the revolutionary urge for a clean break with the past. The highly centralized socialist fashion system, part of Stalinist industrialization, offered official prototypes of high fashion that were never available in stores — mythical images of smart and luxurious dresses that symbolized the economic progress that socialist regimes dreamed of. Everyday fashion, starting in the 1950s, was an unofficial, do-it-yourself enterprise: Western fashions obtained through semiclandestine channels or sewn at home. The state tolerated the demand for Western fashion, promising the burgeoning middle class consumer goods in exchange for political loyalty. Fashion, Bartlett suggests, with all its ephemerality and dynamism, was in perpetual conflict with the socialist regimes’ fear of change and need for control. It was, to echo the famous first sentence from the Communist Manifesto, the spectre that haunted socialism until the end.
Djurdja Bartlett is a Research Fellow at London College of Fashion, University of the Arts London.
October 7 3/4 x 11 1/2, 300 pp. 70 color illus. 96 black & white illus. $34.95T/£25.95 cloth 978-0-262-02650-5
Author Appearances • National Print Attention • National Broadcast Campaign • National Advertising: New York Review of Books, Bookforum, Art in America, Artforum, ArtNews
art/women’s studies/cultural studies
PUSH COMES TO SHOVE
New Images of Aggressive Women Maud Lavin
In the past, more often than not, aggressive women have been rebuked, told to keep a lid on, turn the other cheek, get over it. Repression more than aggression was seen as woman’s domain. But recently there’s been a noticeable cultural shift. With growing frequency, women’s aggression is now celebrated in contemporary culture — in movies and TV, online ventures, and art. In Push Comes to Shove, Maud Lavin examines these new images of aggressive women and how they affect women’s lives. Aggression, says Lavin, is necessary, large, messy, psychological, and physical. Aggression need not entail causing harm to another; we can think of it as the use of force to create change — fruitful, destructive, or both. And over the past twenty years, contemporary culture has shown women seizing this power. Lavin chooses provocative examples to explore the complexity of aggression: the surfer girls in Blue Crush; Helen Mirren as Jane Tennison in Prime Suspect; the homicidal women in Kill Bill and artist Marlene McCarty’s mural-sized Murder Girls; the erotica of Zane and the art of Kara Walker; the group dynamics of artists (including the artists group Toxic Titties) and activists; and YouTube videos of a woman boxer training and fighting. Women need aggression and need to use it consciously, Lavin writes. With Push Comes to Shove, she explores the crucial questions of how to manifest aggression, how to represent it, and how to keep open a cultural space for it.
Maud Lavin is Professor of Visual and Critical Studies and Art History, Theory, and Criticism at the School of the Art Institute of Chicago. She is the author of Cut with the Kitchen Knife: The Weimar Photomontages of Hannah Höch and Clean New World: Culture, Politics, and Graphic Design (MIT Press, 2001). The new celebration of women’s aggression in contemporary culture, from Kill Bill and Prime Suspect to the artists group Toxic Titties.
September 5 3/8 x 8, 312 pp. 19 illus. $27.95T/£20.95 cloth 978-0-262-12309-9
Also available CLEAN NEW WORLD Culture, Politics, and Graphic Design Maud Lavin 2002, 978-0-262-62170-0 $20.00T/£14.95 paper
“In investigating the nuances of feminine aggression and its various forms of expression both historically and in contemporary culture, Maud Lavin also documents how we can understand it as a deeply productive and often necessary drive. Better yet, with her characteristic energy and invention, she imagines it as a force at once creative, comedic, erotic — which is to say, one that is not restricting, but rather, both enriching and exhilarating. — Akiko Busch, author of Nine Ways to Cross a River
Author Appearances • National Print Attention • National Broadcast Campaign National Advertising: New York Review of Books, Bookforum, Art in America, Artforum, ArtNews • Web site feature mitpress.mit.edu Fall 2010
Uncovering an archive of laughter, from the forbidden giggle to the explosive guffaw.
Notes on a Passion Anca Parvulescu
Most of our theories of laughter are not concerned with laughter. Rather, their focus is the laughable object, whether conceived of as the comic, the humorous, jokes, the grotesque, the ridiculous, or the ludicrous. In Laughter, Anca Parvulescu proposes a return to the materiality of the burst of laughter itself. She sets out to uncover an archive of laughter, inviting us to follow its rhythms and listen to its tones. Historically, laughter — especially the passionate burst of laughter — has often been a faux pas. Manuals for conduct, abetted by philosophical treatises and literary and visual texts, warned against it, offering special injunctions to ladies to avoid jollity that was too boisterous. Returning laughter to the history of the passions, Parvulescu anchors it at the point where the history of the grimacing face meets the history of noise. In the civilizing process that leads to laughter’s “falling into disrepute,” as Nietzsche famously put it, we can see the formless, contorted face in laughter being slowly corrected into a calm, social smile. How did the twentieth century laugh? Parvulescu points to a gallery of twentieth-century laughers and friends of laughter, arguing that it is through Georges Bataille that the century laughed its most distinct laugh. In Bataille’s wake, laughter becomes the passion at the heart of poststructuralism. Looking back at the century from this vantage point, Parvulescu revisits four of its most challenging projects: modernism, the philosophical avant-gardes, feminism, and cinema. The result is an overview of the twentieth century as seen through the laughs that burst at some of its most convoluted junctures.
Anca Parvulescu is Assistant Professor in the English Department and the Interdisciplinary Project in the Humanities at Washington University in St. Louis.
September 6 x 9, 232 pp. 30 illus. $21.95T/£16.95 paper 978-0-262-51474-3 Short Circuits series, edited by Slavoj Žižek, Mladen Dolar, and Alenka Zupanˇ iˇ cc
Also available in the Short Circuits series A VOICE AND NOTHING MORE Mladen Dolar 2006, 978-0-262-54187-9 $20.95T/£15.95 paper THE ODD ONE IN On Comedy Alenka Zupanˇ iˇ cc 2008, 978-0-262-74031-9 $21.95T/£16.95 paper
psychoanalysis/Latin American studies
Into the Wilds of Psychoanalysis Rubén Gallo
Freud’s Mexico is a completely unexpected contribution to Freud studies. Here, Rubén Gallo reveals Freud’s previously undisclosed connections to a culture and a psychoanalytic tradition not often associated with him. Freud found a receptive audience among Mexican intellectuals, read Mexican books, collected Mexican antiquities, and dreamed Mexican dreams; his writings bear the traces of a longstanding fascination with the country. In the Mexico of the 1920s and 1930s, Freud made an impact not only among psychiatrists but also in literary, artistic, and political circles. Gallo writes about a “motley crew” of Freud’s readers who devised some of the most original, elaborate, and influential applications of psychoanalytic theory anywhere in the world: the poet Salvador Novo, a gay dandy who used Freud to vindicate marginal sexual identities; the conservative philosopher Samuel Ramos, who diagnosed the collective neuroses afflicting his country; the cosmopolitan poet Octavio Paz, who launched a psychoanalytic inquiry into the origins of Mexican history; and Gregorio Lemercier, a Benedictine monk who put his entire monastery into psychoanalysis. After describing Mexico’s Freud, Gallo offers an imaginative reconstruction of Freud’s Mexico. Although Freud himself never visited Mexico, he owned a treatise on criminal law by a Mexican judge who put defendants — including Trotsky’s assassin — on the psychoanalyst’s couch; he acquired Mexican pieces as part of his celebrated collection of antiquities; and he recorded dreams of a Mexico that was fraught with danger. Freud’s Mexico features a varied cast of characters that includes Maximilian von Hapsburg, Leon Trotsky and his assassin Ramón Mercader, Frida Kahlo, Diego Rivera — and even David Rockefeller. Gallo offers bold and vivid rereadings of both Freudian texts and Mexican cultural history.
Rubén Gallo is Director of the Program in Latin American Studies and Professor in the Department of Spanish and Portuguese Languages and Cultures at Princeton University. He is the author of Mexican Modernity: The Avant-Garde and the Technological Revolution (MIT Press, 2005). Freud's Mexican disciples, Mexican books, Mexican antiquities, and Mexican dreams.
September 7 x 10, 408 pp. 18 color illus., 41 black & white illus. $32.95T/£24.95 cloth 978-0-262-01442-7
Also available MEXICAN MODERNITY The Avant-Garde and the Technological Revolution Rubén Gallo 2010, 978-0-262-51496-5 $17.95T/£13.95 paper
MIXED USE, MANHATTAN
How New York artists have made use of the city’s run-down lofts, neglected piers, vacant lots, and deserted streets.
Photography and Related Practices, 1970s to the Present edited by Douglas Crimp and Lynne Cooke
When the real estate bust of the 1970s hit New York City, artists found their own mixed uses for the city’s run-down lofts, abandoned piers, vacant lots, and deserted streets, and photographers and filmmakers documented their work. Gordon Matta-Clark turned a sanitation pier into the celebrated work Day’s End, and Betsy Sussler filmed its making; Harry Shunk made a photographic series from Willoughby Sharp’s Projects: Pier 18 (which included work by Vito Acconci, Mel Bochner, Dan Graham, Gordon Matta-Clark, and William Wegman, among others); Cindy Sherman staged some of her Untitled Film Stills on the same city streets. Mixed Use, Manhattan documents and illustrates the most significant of these projects as well as more recent works by artists who continue to engage with the city’s public, underground, and improvised spaces. The book (which accompanies a major exhibition) focuses on several important photographic series: Peter Hujar’s 1976 nighttime photographs of Manhattan’s West Side; Alvin Baltrop’s Hudson River pier photographs from 1975–1985, most of which have never before been shown or published; David Wojnarowicz’s Rimbaud in New York (1978–1979), the first of Wojnarowicz’s works to be published; and several of Zoe Leonard’s photographic projects from the late 1990s on. The book includes 70 color and 130 black-and-white images; a special section on visual documentation of performances and related activities, arranged by artist Louise Lawler; Glenn Ligon’s text piece, Housing in New York: A Brief History, 19602007 (2007); “Losing the Form in Darkness,” an autobiographical story by David Wojnarowicz; and essays by prominent art historians.
Douglas Crimp is Fanny Knapp Allen Professor of Art History at the University of Rochester. He is the author of On the Museum’s Ruins (1993) and Melancholia and Moralism: Essays on AIDS and Queer Politics (2002), both published by the MIT Press. Lynne Cooke is Chief Curator and Deputy Director at the Museo Nacional Centro de Arte Reina Sofía in Madrid and Curator at Large for Dia Art Foundation.
September 9 x 10 1/2, 300 pp. 70 color illus., 130 black & white illus. $49.95T/£36.95 cloth 978-0-262-01482-3
Johanna Burton, Lynne Cooke, Douglas Crimp, Lytle Shaw, Juan A. Suárez
Museo Nacional Centro de Arte Reina Sofia, Madrid June 8–September 29, 2010 Distributed by the MIT Press for the Reina Sofia Museum
Alvin Baltrop, from “Pier Photographs,” 1975–86, black-and-white photographs. ©The Alvin Baltrop Trust. Moyra Davey, Newsstand No. 3, 1994. C-print. Courtesy Murray Guy, New York.
NEW REALISMS: 1957–1962
Object Strategies Between Readymade and Spectacle edited by Julia Robinson
As the 1950s became the 1960s, a new generation of artists around the globe rejected direct painterly expression and returned decisively to the object. Moving away from abstract expressionism and toward the sensibility that would become Pop, these artists — among them Raymond Hains, Martial Raysse, Yves Klein, Daniel Spoerri, Jean Tinguely, and Robert Rauschenberg — effectively established a new set of artistic paradigms that would influence the decade ahead. New Realisms: 1957–1962 maps this international field of artistic practice, showcasing more than 200 works by artists of the period. The title echoes the name of the French movement of the 1960s “Nouveau Réalisme.” Indeed, the work of the Nouveaux Réalistes group anchors the book (and the exhibition it accompanies), but at the same time, New Realisms represents a wider range of related instincts, diversely expressed. The emphasis is on a constellation of activities in play before the new critical terms and categories of Pop Art were set in stone. The book views the emerging artistic scene from the other end of the telescope, as it were: from a European perspective rather than from that of American Pop Art. New Realisms is emphatically hybrid, encompassing the initiatives of the French group as well as trajectories in New York that stretched from painting to “Environment” to Happening. Artists include Arman, George Brecht, Cesar, Christo, Gérard Deschamps, Jim Dine, François Dufrêne, Oyvind Fahlstrom, Raymond Hains, Allan Kaprow, Yves Klein, Yayoi Kusama, Roy Lichtenstein, Piero Manzoni, Claes Oldenburg, Giuseppe Pinot Gallizio, Robert Rauschenberg, Martial Raysse, Mimmo Rotella, Niki de Saint Phalle, Daniel Spoerri, Jean Tinguely, Robert Watts, and Robert Whitman.
Julia Robinson is Assistant Professor in the Department of Art History at New York University. Her writing has appeared in such journals as Performance Research, Art Journal, October, and Grey Room. Works by a pre-Pop, post-abstract expressionist generation of artists who rejected painterly expression and embraced the object.
September 8 1/4 x 11, 300 pp. 250 color illus. 50 black & white illus. $44.95T/£33.95 paper 978-0-262-51522-1
Julia Robinson, Hannah Feldman, Agnes Berecz, Emmelyn Butterfield-Rosen, Benjamin H. D. Buchloh
Museo Nacional Centro de Arte Reina Sofía, Madrid June 16th–October 4th, 2010 Distributed by the MIT Press for the Reina Sofia Museum
Top left: Raymond Hains, Untitled, 1959. Torn posters on wood (palissade), 150 x 66 cm. Private Collection, courtesy Galerie Lara Vincy, Paris. Top right: Martial Raysse, Bird of Paradise, 1960. Plastic and metal, 170 x 60 x 30 cm. Musée d’art contemporain, Marseille. Photo: Ville de Marseill V. Ecochard. Left: Christo, Wrapped Cans, 1958-59. Tin cans, rope and lacquered fabric. Collection Daniel Varenne.
HISTORY BECOMES FORM
An insider’s account of the art and artists of the most interesting Russian artistic phenomenon since the Russian Avant-Garde.
Moscow Conceptualism Boris Groys
In the 1970s and 1980s, a group of “unofficial” artists in Moscow — artists not recognized by the state, not covered by state-controlled media, and cut off from wider audiences — created artworks that gave artistic form to a certain historical moment: the experience of Soviet socialism. The Moscow conceptualists not only reflected and analyzed by artistic means a spectacle of Soviet life but also preserved its memory for a future that turned out to be different from the officially predicted one. They captured both the shabby austerity of everyday Soviet life and the utopian energy of Soviet culture. In History Becomes Form, Boris Groys offers a contemporary’s account of what he calls the most interesting Russian artistic phenomenon since the Russian avant-garde. In 1976, Groys moved from Leningrad to Moscow; there he joined the artistic underground and became close to Russian artists Ilya Kabakov, Erik Bulatov, Dmitri Prigov, Andrei Monastyrski, Lev Rubinstein, and Ivan Chuikov. He first wrote about them in 1979 for a A-Ya, a Russian-language magazine published in Paris, calling them “Moscow Romantic conceptualists.” History Becomes Form collects Groys’s essays on Moscow Conceptualism, most of them written after his emigration to the West in 1981. The individual artists of the group became known in the West after perestroika, but until now the artistic movement as a whole has received little attention. Groys’s account sheds light not only on the Moscow Conceptualists and their work but also on the dilemmas of Soviet artists during the Cold War.
Boris Groys is Professor of Russian and Slavic Studies at New York University. He is the author of many books, including Ilya Kabakov: The Man Who Flew into Space from His Apartment (2006) and Art Power (2008), both published by the MIT Press.
September 7 x 9, 208 pp. 92 illus. $27.95T/£20.95 cloth 978-0-262-01423-6
Also available ILYA KABAKOV The Man Who Flew into Space from His Apartment Boris Groys 2006, 978-1-846380-04-4 $16.00T/£9.95 paper Distributed for Afterall Books ART POWER Boris Groys 2008, 978-0-262-07292-2 $24.95T/£18.95 cloth
THE GREAT MIGRATOR
Robert Rauschenberg and the Global Rise of American Art Hiroko Ikegami
In 1964, Robert Rauschenberg, already a frequent transatlantic traveler, became even more peripatetic, joining the Merce Cunningham Dance Company as costume and set designer for its first world tour. Rauschenberg and the company visited thirty cities in fourteen countries throughout Europe and Asia. During the tour, he not only devised sets and costumes but also enacted his own performances and created works of art, often using local materials and collaborating with local art communities. In The Great Migrator, Hiroko Ikegami examines Rauschenberg’s activities abroad and charts the increasing international dominance of American art during that period. Unlike other writers, who have viewed the export of American art during the 1950s and 1960s as another form of Cold War propagandizing (and famous American artists as cultural imperialists), Ikegami sees the global rise of American art as a cross-cultural phenomenon in which each art community Rauschenberg visited was searching in different ways for cultural and artistic identity in the midst of Americanization. Rauschenberg’s travels and collaborations established a new kind of transnational network for the postwar art world — prefiguring the globalization of art before the era of globalization. Ikegami focuses on Rauschenberg’s stops in four cities: Paris, Venice (where he became the first American to win the Grand Prize at the Venice Biennale), Stockholm, and Tokyo. In each city, she tells us, Rauschenberg’s work encountered both enthusiasm and resistance (which was often a reaction against American power). Ikegami’s account offers a fresh, nonbinary perspective on the global and the local.
Hiroko Ikegami, an art historian who specializes in American art and the postwar globalization of the art world, is Assistant Professor in the Graduate School of Human Sciences at Osaka University. In Fall 2010 she will become Associate Professor in the Graduate School of Intercultural Studies at Kobe University. Robert Rauschenberg on tour in 1964, and the early globalization of the art world.
September 7 1/2 x 9, 288 pp. 87 color illus. $29.95T/£22.95 cloth 978-0-262-01425-0
Recipient of a Wyeth Foundation for American Art Publication Grant for 2009
THE ABSENCE OF WORK
A provocative investigation of Marcel Broodthaers’s work as a reflection on the uses and abuses of language.
Marcel Broodthaers, 1964-1976 Rachel Haidu
In 1964, at age forty, Marcel Broodthaers (1924-1976) proclaimed that his years of writing poetry — of being “good for nothing,” in his words — were over, and a brief but dazzling artistic career began. Considered a founding father of institutional critique, Broodthaers created hundreds of objects, books, films, photographs and exhibitions, including a “fictive” museum of modern art that evolved from an installation in his own home to a massive exhibition of over three hundred works representing eagles. In The Absence of Work, Rachel Haidu argues that all of Broodthaers’s art is defined by its relationship to language. His perception of his poetry’s “failure to communicate” led him to explore in his art the noncommunicative, nontransparent uses of language. By showing us the ways in which language is instrumentalized across society — used for its efficiency despite the complexities it introduces into communication — Broodthaers shows us how we imagine language to work and points us to its hidden operations. Haidu’s characterization of Broodthaers’s contribution to institutional critique represents a major departure from the usual approach to this movement. Considering the wider political implications of his work, including its reflections on national identity and democracy, she explores how they derive from historical references and examines his work’s relationships to the works of other contemporary artists. With The Absence of Work, one of the first monographs on Broodthaers in English, Haidu demystifies a crucial and enigmatic figure in postwar and contemporary art.
Rachel Haidu is Associate Professor in the Department of Art and Art History and the Graduate Program in Visual and Cultural Studies at the University of Rochester.
October 7 x 9, 392 pp. 46 illus. $34.95T/£25.95 cloth 978-0-262-01450-2 An October Book
edited by Lisa Le Feuvre
Amid the global uncertainties of our times, failure has become a central subject of investigation in recent art. Celebrating failed promises and myths of the avantgarde, or setting out to realize seemingly impossible tasks, artists have actively claimed the space of failure to propose a resistant view of the world. Here success is deemed overrated, doubt embraced, experimentation encouraged, and risk considered a viable strategy. The abstract possibilities opened up by failure are further reinforced by the problems of physically realizing artworks — wrestling with ideas, representation, and object-making. By amplifying both theoretical and practical failure, artists have sought new, unexpected ways of opening up endgame situations, ranging from the ideological shadow of the white cube to unfulfilled promises of political emancipation. Between the two subjective poles of success and failure lies a space of potentially productive operations where paradox rules and dogma is refused. This collection of writings, statements, mediations, fictions, polemics, and discussions identifies failure as a core concern in cultural production. Failure identifies moments of thought that have eschewed consensus, choosing to address questions rather than answers.
Lisa Le Feuvre is Curator of Contemporary Art at the National Maritime Museum, London, and Associate Lecturer in Creative Curating at Goldsmiths College, London. Investigations of failure as a key concern — as theme, strategy, and world view — of recent art.
October 5 3/8 x 8 1/4, 240 pp. $24.95T paper 978-0-262-51477-4 Documents of Contemporary Art series Copublished with Whitechapel Gallery, London Not for sale in the United Kingdom or Europe
Also available in the Documents of Contemporary Art series THE SUBLIME edited by Simon Morley 2010, 978-0-262-51391-3 $24.95T paper CHANCE edited by Margaret Iversen 2010, 978-0-262-51392-0 $24.95T paper
ARTISTS SURVEYED INCLUDE
Bas Jan Ader, Francis Alÿs, John Baldessari, Chris Burden, Phil Collins, Martin Creed, David Critchley, Fischli & Weiss, Ceal Floyer, Isa Genzken, Dominique Gonzalez-Foerster, Félix González-Torres, Wade Guyton, International Necronautical Society, Ray Johnson, Mike Kelley, Martin Kippenberger, Michael Krebber, Bruce Nauman, Simon Patterson, Janette Parris, Yvonne Rainer, Robert Rauschenberg, Dieter Roth, Allen Ruppersberg, Roman Signer, Annika Ström, Paul Thek, William Wegman
Giorgio Agamben, Samuel Beckett, Daniel Birnbaum, Bazon Brock, Johanna Burton, Emma Cocker, Gilles Deleuze, Russell Ferguson, Ann Goldstein, Jörg Heiser, Jennifer Higgie, Richard Hylton, Jean-Yves Jouannais, Lisa Lee, Stuart Morgan, Hans-Joachim Müller, Karl Popper, Edgar Schmitz, Coosje van Bruggen
DOWN DETOUR ROAD
A young architect’s search for new architectural values in a time of economic crisis.
An Architect in Search of Practice Eric J. Cesal
I paused at the stoop and thought this could be the basis of a good book. The story of a young man who went deep into the bowels of the academy in order to understand architecture and found it had been on his doorstep all along. This had an air of hokeyness about it, but it had been a tough couple of days and I was feeling sentimental about the warm confines of the studio which had unceremoniously discharged me upon the world. — from Down Detour Road What does it say about the value of architecture that as the world faces economic and ecological crises, unprecedented numbers of architects are out of work? This is the question that confronted architect Eric Cesal as he finished graduate school at the onset of the worst financial meltdown in a generation. Down Detour Road is his journey: one that begins off-course, and ends in a hopeful new vision of architecture. Like many architects of his generation, Cesal confronts a cold reality. Architects may assure each other of their own importance, but society has come to view architecture as a luxury it can do without. For Cesal, this recognition becomes an occasion to rethink architecture and its value from the very core. He argues that the times demand a new architecture, an empowered architecture that is useful and relevant. New architectural values emerge as our cultural values shift: from high risks to safe bets, from strong portfolios to strong communities, and from clean lines to clean energy. This is not a book about how to run a firm or a profession; it doesn’t predict the future of architectural form or aesthetics. It is a personal story — and in many ways a generational one: a story that follows its author on a winding detour across the country, around the profession, and into a new architectural reality.
Eric J. Cesal holds master’s degrees in business administration, construction management, and architecture from Washington University in St. Louis. He is now living in Port-au-Prince, managing and coordinating Architecture for Humanity’s design and reconstruction initiatives in Haiti.
September 5 3/8 x 8, 224 pp. 10 illus. $21.95T/£16.95 paper 978-0-262-01461-8
ARCHITECTURE AT THE EDGE OF EVERYTHING ELSE
edited by Esther Choi and Marrikka Trotter
Combining formal argument with informal conversations and design proposals, Architecture at the Edge of Everything Else offers creative ideas for “thinking and acting architecture differently.” What makes the book unique (apart from its lively graphic format) is the freshness of its voices — young architects and emerging practitioners who for the most part have not published before. Interwoven with their proposals are conversations among these new voices and more established authors and practitioners, including Sanford Kwinter, Sylvia Lavin, K. Michael Hays, Philippe Rahm, Liam Gillick, Teddy Cruz, and Michael Meredith. Architecture at the Edge of Everything Else investigates the inner contradictions tangling and obscuring architectural discourse. It locates architecture in a cultural, social, political, and situational landscape — the space it actually occupies in the contemporary world. Examining architecture as it comes into contact with other disciplines — including art, art history, cultural studies, curating, landscape architecture, neuroaesthetics, pedagogy, philosophy, political science, and urbanism — the book considers architecture’s precarious position at the edge: at the edge of its own dilemmas and at the edge of “everything else.” In different ways, all the contributors suggest how to understand the innovative possibilities and pitfalls of spatial practices — teasing, analyzing, and celebrating architecture’s disciplinary ambiguity — with proposals that range from a “lo-res” architecture to one controlled by the curatorial impulse, from customizable “skins” on residential buildings to the collection of residual space for new uses. Their investigations encompass how to interpret, how to intervene, and how to imagine. Breaking out of institutional molds and reaching across generational divides, Architecture at the Edge of Everything Else marks the beginning of a new conversation about architecture and its expanded landscape.
Esther Choi, a multidisciplinary artist and writer, is Assistant Professor in the Departments of Criticism and Curatorial Practices, Photography, and the Interdisciplinary Masters in Art, Media, and Design Program at the Ontario College of Art and Design. Marrikka Trotter is the founder of the art and design initiative The Department of Micro-Urbanism. She teaches advanced studio at the Boston Architectural College, and her writing has appeared in Harvard Design Magazine. An examination of architecture as it comes in contact with other disciplines in the contemporary world.
October 6 3/4 x 9 1/3, 224 pp. 10 color illus., 50 black & white illus. $27.95T/£20.95 cloth 978-0-262-01479-3 Work Books series Copublished with Work Books
Brett Albert, Matthew Allen, Esther Choi, Teddy Cruz, Suzanne Ernst, Liam Gillick, K. Michael Hays, Sanford Kwinter, Sylvia Lavin, Michael Meredith, Yu Morishita, Trevor Patt, Philippe Rahm, Joe Ringenberg, Jonathan Tate, Marrikka Trotter, Douglas Wu
Tschumi introduces the “concept-form”: a concept generating a form, or a form generating a concept
Concept-Form Bernard Tschumi
Event-Cities 4 is the latest in the Event-Cities series from Bernard Tschumi, documenting recent built and theoretical projects in the context of his evolving views on architecture, urbanism, and design. Event-Cities 4 follows directly from the work of Event-Cities 3, which examined the interaction of architectural content, concept, and context. This volume takes the interaction a step further, looking at a series of projects for which program or context are insufficient as a generative conceptual strategy, hence requiring a different approach. Tschumi has said, “Over the past years, there is one word I have almost never used, except in order to attack it: ‘form.’ ” In Event-Cities 4, Tschumi introduces the “conceptform”: a concept generating a form, or a form generating a concept, so that one reinforces the other. The concept may be programmatic, technological, or social. The form may be singular or multiple, regular or irregular. Concept-forms act as organizing devices or common denominators for the multiple dimensions of programs and their evolution over time, and drive the projects featured in this book. Highlights include master plans for a pair of media-based work spaces and cultural campuses in Singapore and Abu Dhabi; a major master plan for a financial center with 40,000 projected inhabitants in the Dominican Republic; the innovative Blue Residential Tower in New York City; a group of museums and cultural buildings in France, Abu Dhabi, Dubai, and South Korea; a pedestrian bridge in France; and a “multi-programmatic” furniture piece, the TypoLounger. The book contains more than twenty of the Tschumi firm’s recent projects, showcasing the most current and forward-looking designs of one of the world’s leading architectural practices.
Bernard Tschumi is Principal of Bernard Tschumi Architects, New York and Paris. He was dean of the Columbia Graduate School of Architecture from 1988 to 2003.
September 6 1/2 x 9, 640 pp. 200 color illus., 350 black & white illus. $35.00T/£25.95 paper 978-0-262-51241-1
Also available EVENT-CITIES 2 Bernard Tschumi 2001, 978-0-262-70074-0 $45.00S/£33.95 paper EVENT-CITIES 3 Concept vs. Context vs. Content Bernard Tschumi 2005, 978-0-262-70110-5 $40.00T/£29.95 paper INDEX ARCHITECTURE A Columbia Architecture Book edited by Bernard Tschumi and Matthew Berman 2003, 978-0-262-70095-5 $38.00T/£28.95 paper
Taboo The Yale Architectural Journal edited by John Capen Brough, Seher Erdogan and Parsa Khalili
We are beset by unspoken rules. As a result, we learn to find consensus in nots and to seek refuge in don’ts. A taboo is a restriction invented and agreed upon by a social group that maintains stability (disciplinary order) but also induces transgressions (the possibility of an avant-garde). Taboos structure our thinking and frame our discussions. In architecture, taboos create an operative way of thinking about and making architecture through unspoken agreement. This issue of Perspecta — the oldest and most distinguished student-edited architectural journal in America — tackles architectural unutterables. In articles and projects, historians, theorists, and practitioners investigate contemporary and historical instances of taboo, aiming to uncover its function in the pedagogy and praxis of architecture. The contributors, asked simply “What is Taboo?”, respond with a range of examples. These include an examination of the relatively unknown work of the Italian architect Rinaldo Semino; photographs documenting the unseen, peripheral spaces of American life; a series of marginalia illustrating certain typographic don’ts in all their absurdity; a study of memorials erected to Maoist insurgents killed by police and paramilitary forces in India; and a critique, by redaction and reconstruction, of Rem Koolhaas’s essay “Typical Plan.”
John Capen Brough is an architect practicing in New York City. Seher Erdogan is an architect practicing in New Haven. Parsa Khalili is an architect practicing in New York City. All three are graduates of the Yale School of Architecture. Exploring the ill-defined realm of the architectural taboo, from the hidden spaces of American life to artistic practices in postrevolutionary Iran.
September 9 x 12, 196 pp. 146 color illus. $25.00T/£19.95 paper 978-0-262-51479-8
Also available RE-READING PERSPECTA The First Fifty Years of the Yale Architectural Journal edited by Robert A. M. Stern, Peggy Deamer and Alan Plattus 2005, 978-0-262-19506-5 $75.00T/£55.95 cloth PERSPECTA 42 The Real The Yale Architectureal Journal edited by Matthew Roman and Tal Schori 2010, 978-0-262-51393-7 $25.00T/£18.95 paper
Pier Vittorio Aureli, Glen Cummings, Thomas de Monchaux, Arindam Dutta, Edward Eigen, Mario Gooden, Alicia Imperiale, Pamela Karimi, Keith Krumwiede, Erika Naginski, NaJa & DeOstos, Jorge Otero-Pailos, Neri Oxman, Michelangelo Sabatino, Taryn Simon, Marcel Vellinga, Loïc Wacquant
Sunil Bald, Thomas Beeby, Peggy Deamer, Peter Eisenman, Greg Lynn, and Robert A. M. Stern mitpress.mit.edu Fall 2010
current affairs/public policy
IMMIGRANTS AND THE RIGHT TO STAY
Joseph H. Carens
A proposal that immigrants in the United States should be offered a path to legalized status.
September 4 1/2 x 7, 128 pp. $14.95T/£11.95 cloth 978-0-262-01483-0 A Boston Review Book
T. Alexander Aleinikoff Linda Bosniak Jean Bethke Elshtain Douglas S. Massey Mae Ngai Carol M. Swain
Also available in the Boston Review series RACE, INCARCERATION, AND AMERICAN VALUES Glen Loury 2008, 978-0-262-12311-2 $14.95T/£11.95 cloth THE MEN IN MY LIFE Vivian Gornick 2008, 978-0-262-07303-5 $14.95T/£11.95 cloth INVENTING AMERICAN HISTORY William Hogeland 2009, 978-0-262-01288-1 $14.95T/£11.95 cloth AFRICA'S TURN? Edward Miguel 2009, 978-0-262-01289-8 $14.95T/£11.95 cloth
The Obama administration promises to take on comprehensive immigration reform in 2010, setting policymakers to work on legislation that might give the approximately eleven million undocumented immigrants currently living in the United States a path to legalization of status. Commentators have been quick to observe that any such proposal will face intense opposition. Few issues have so divided the country in recent years as immigration. Immigrants and the Right to Stay brings the debate into the realm of public reason. Political theorist Joseph Carens argues that although states have a right to control their borders, the right to deport those who violate immigration laws is not absolute. With time, immigrants develop a moral claim to stay. Emphasizing the moral importance of social membership, and drawing on principles widely recognized in liberal democracies, Carens calls for a rolling amnesty that gives unauthorized migrants a path to regularize their status once they have been settled for a significant period of time. After Carens makes his case, six experts from across the political spectrum respond. Some protest that he goes too far; others say he does not go far enough in protecting the rights of migrants. Several raise competing moral claims and others help us understand how the immigration problem became so large. Carens agrees that no moral claim is absolute, and that, on any complex public issue, principled debate involves weighing competing concerns. But for him the balance falls clearly on the side of amnesty.
Joseph H. Carens is Professor of Political Science at the University of Toronto. His book Culture, Citizenship, and Community: A Contextual Exploration of Justice as Evenhandedness won the 2002 C. B. Macpherson Award from the Canadian Political Science Association.
e com to er ov lc a Fin
PREPARING FOR CLIMATE CHANGE
Michael D. Mastrandrea and Stephen H. Schneider
Global momentum is building to reduce greenhouse gas emissions. So far, so good. The less happy news is that Earth’s temperatures will continue to rise for decades. And evidence shows that climbing temperatures are already having serious consequences for vulnerable people and regions through droughts, extreme weather, and melting glaciers. In this book, climate experts Michael Mastrandrea and Stephen Schneider argue that we need to start adapting to climate change, now. They write that these efforts should focus primarily on identifying the places and people most at risk and taking anticipatory action — from developing drought-resistant crops to building sea walls. The authors roundly reject the idea that reactive, unplanned adaptation will solve our problems — that species will migrate northward as climates warm, and farmers will shift to new crops and more hospitable locations. And they are highly critical of “geoengineering” schemes that are designed to cool the planet by such methods as injecting iron into oceans or exploding volcanoes. Mastrandrea and Schneider insist that smart adaptation will require a series of local and regional projects, many of them in the countries least able to pay for them and least responsible for the problem itself. Ensuring that we address the needs of these countries, while we work globally to reduce emissions over the long term, is our best chance to avert global disaster and to reduce the terrible, unfair burdens that are likely to accompany global warming.
Michael D. Mastrandrea is Research Associate at the Woods Institute for the Environment at Stanford University. He contributed to the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) Fourth Assessment Report in 2007. Stephen H. Schneider, Melvin and Joan Lane Professor for Interdisciplinary Environmental Studies and Professor of Biology at Stanford University, was Coordinating Lead Author of the IPCC’s working group on Impacts, Adaptation and Vulnerability, from 1997 to 2001, and, with his IPCC colleagues, was awarded a joint Nobel Prize in 2007. He is the author or editor of many books, including Science as a Contact Sport: Inside the Battle to Save Earth’s Climate and Scientists Debate Gaia: The Next Century (MIT Press, 2004). Why we should prepare for climate change now by taking anticipatory action in vulnerable regions.
October 4 1/2 x 7, 96 pp. $14.95T/£11.95 cloth 978-0-262-01488-5 A Boston Review Book
Also available in the Boston Review series WHY WE COOPERATE Michael Tomasello 2009, 978-0-262-01359-8 $14.95T/£11.95 cloth AFTER AMERICA‘S MIDLIFE CRISIS Michael Gecan 2009, 978-0-262-01360-4 $14.95T/£11.95 cloth RULE OF LAW, MISRULE OF MEN Elaine Scarry 2010, 978-0-262-01427-4 $14.95T/£11.95 cloth TAKING ECONOMICS SERIOUSLY Dean Baker 2010, 978-0-262-01418-2 $14.95T/£11.95 cloth
edited by John Knechtel
Writers, artists, and scholars consider the fragility of air, the ultimate commons.
October 4 3/4 x 6 1/4, 320 pp. 200 color illus. $15.95T/£11.95 cloth 978-0-262-01466-3 Alphabet City 15
Also available in the Alphabet City series SUBTITLES On the Foreigness of Film edited by Atom Egoyan and Ian Balfour 2004, 978-0-262-05078-4 $35.00T/£25.95 cloth Alphabet City 9 SUSPECT edited by John Knechtel 2005, 978-0-262-11290-1 $15.95T/£11.95 cloth Alphabet City 10 TRASH edited by John Knechtel 2006, 978-0-262-11301-4 $15.95T/£11.95 cloth Alphabet City 11 FOOD edited by John Knechtel 2007, 978-0-262-11309-0 $15.95T/£11.95 cloth Alphabet City 12 FUEL edited by John Knechtel 2008, 978-0-262-11325-0 $15.95T/£11.95 cloth Alphabet City 13 WATER edited by John Knechtel 2009, 978-0-262-01329-1 $15.95T/£11.95 cloth Alphabet City 14 Copublished with Alphabet City Media
The thin layer of atmosphere that clings to the surface of our planet is a fragile and corrupted brew. Air is in constant, restless migration around the globe, connecting us in the most intimate fashion. From the dust storms that sweep into Beijing from faraway deserts to the smog from Chinese factories that shrouds Los Angeles, our air, the ultimate commons, is tragically defenseless. Breathing air is an involuntary physical function, but keeping the air breathable requires acts of political imagination and will. Air considers the condition of this basic component of life on earth from a range of perspectives. It reveals the thick materiality of air, air as stinky, clotted, corrupted matter — in a word, dirty. We see the stuff of air in the form of molecules from disintegrating artworks, or as the material for building forms; as the bearer of scents and germs and as the substrate for communications both digital and pneumatic. Here, an asthmatic strains to inhale the air that bears the cause of her distress; a philosopher muses on the intelligibility of air; an artist dreams of being the accountant of dust; and city construction sheds are replaced by a floating “urbanCLOUD.” Air leads us to perceive air, and the imperative to protect it, anew.
John Knechtel is Director of Alphabet City Media in Toronto.
Each volume of Alphabet City’s pocketbook anthology series gathers the work of a diverse group of writers and artists to investigate a single topic from many angles.
Robert Gottlieb and Anupama Joshi
In today’s food system, farm workers face difficult and hazardous conditions, low-income neighborhoods lack supermarkets but abound in fast-food restaurants and liquor stores, food products emphasize convenience rather than wholesomeness, and the international reach of American fast-food franchises has been a major contributor to an epidemic of “globesity.” To combat these inequities and excesses, a movement for food justice has emerged in recent years seeking to transform the food system from seed to table. In Food Justice, Robert Gottlieb and Anupama Joshi tell the story of this emerging movement. A food justice framework ensures that the benefits and risks of how food is grown and processed, transported, distributed, and consumed are shared equitably. Gottlieb and Joshi recount the history of food injustices and describe current efforts to change the system, including community gardens and farmer training in Holyoke, Massachusetts, youth empowerment through the Rethinkers in New Orleans, farm-to-school programs across the country, and the Los Angeles school system’s elimination of sugary soft drinks from its cafeterias. And they tell how food activism has succeeded at the highest level: advocates waged a grassroots campaign that convinced the Obama White House to plant a vegetable garden. The first comprehensive inquiry into this emerging movement, Food Justice addresses the increasing disconnect between food and culture that has resulted from our highly industrialized food system.
Robert Gottlieb is Professor of Urban & Environmental Policy at Occidental College in Los Angeles. He is the author of Environmentalism Unbound: Exploring New Pathways for Change (2001), and Reinventing Los Angeles: Nature and Community in the Global City (2007), both published by the MIT Press, and other books. Anupama Joshi is Codirector of the National Farm to School Network and is based at the Urban & Environmental Policy Institute at Occidental College. The story of how the emerging food justice movement is seeking to transform the American food system from seed to table.
October 6 x 9, 304 pp. 19 illus. $27.95T/£20.95 cloth 978-0-262-07291-5 Food, Health, and the Environment series
Also available ENVIRONMENTALISM UNBOUND Exploring New Pathways for Change Robert Gottlieb 2002, 978-0-262-57166-1 $24.00T/£17.95 paper REINVENTING LOS ANGELES Nature and Community in the Global City Robert Gottlieb 2007, 978-0-262-57243-9 $26.95T/£19.95 paper
“Gottlieb and Joshi name names and pull no punches. Their point of view, that the dominant agroindustrial food industry is inherently unjust to farm workers, consumers, and the communities that suffer from the external costs of food production comes through loud and clear.” — Nevin Cohen, Eugene Lang College, New School for Liberal Arts
The stories of residents of low-income communities across the country who took action when pollution from heavy industry contaminated their towns.
The Front Lines of Toxic Chemical Exposure in the United States Steve Lerner foreword by Phil Brown
“I just got mad. I couldn’t breathe in my own house.” — Ruth Reed, a resident of Ocala, Florida, who lives next door to a Royal Oak Charcoal factory Across the United States, thousands of people, most of them in low-income or minority communities, live next to heavily polluting industrial sites. Many of them, like Ruth Reed, reach a point at which they say “Enough is enough.” After living for years with poisoned air and water, contaminated soil, and pollutionrelated health problems, they start to take action — organizing, speaking up, documenting the effects of pollution on their neighborhoods. In Sacrifice Zones, Steve Lerner tells the stories of twelve communities, from Brooklyn to Pensacola, that rose up to fight the industries and military bases causing disproportionately high levels of chemical pollution. He calls these lowincome neighborhoods “sacrifice zones” — repurposing a Cold War term coined by U.S. government officials to designate areas contaminated with radioactive pollutants during the manufacture of nuclear weapons. And he argues that residents of a new generation of sacrifice zones, tainted with chemical pollutants, need additional regulatory protections. Studies show that poor and minority neighborhoods are more polluted than wealthier areas located farther away from heavy industry. Sacrifice Zones goes beyond these disheartening statistics and gives us the voices of the residents themselves. We hear from people like Margaret L. Williams, who organized her neighbors to demand relocation away from two Superfund hazardous waste sites; Hilton Kelley, who came back to his hometown to find intensified emissions from the Exxon Mobil refinery next to the housing project in which he grew up; and Laura Ward, who found technicians drilling a hole in her backyard to test groundwater for pollution from the nearby Lockheed Martin weapons plant. Sacrifice Zones offers compelling portraits of accidental activists who have become grassroots leaders in the struggle for environmental justice and details the successful tactics they have used on the fence line with heavy industry.
Steve Lerner is Research Director of Commonweal, a health and environment research institute. He is the author of Eco-Pioneers: Practical Visionaries Solving Today’s Environmental Problems (1998) and Diamond: A Struggle for Environmental Justice in Louisiana’s Chemical Corridor (2005), both published by the MIT Press.
September 6 x 9, 368 pp. $29.95T/£22.95 cloth 978-0-262-01440-3
Also available ECO-PIONEERS Practical Visionaries Solving Today’s Environmental Problems Steve Lerner 1998, 978-0-262-62124-3 $30.00S/£22.95 paper DIAMOND A Struggle for Environmental Justice in Louisiana’s Chemical Corridor Steve Lerner 2006, 978-0-262-62204-2 $16.95T/£12.95 paper
“Easy to read, compelling, and hard to put down. The stories are important, have not been told, and need to be recounted in a public way. This book will give motivation to some, solace to others, and consternation to organizations that are exposed.” — Peter L. DeFur, Virginia Commonwealth University
PRIME MOVERS OF GLOBALIZATION
The History and Impact of Diesel Engines and Gas Turbines Vaclav Smil
The many books on globalization published over the past few years range from claims that the world is flat to an unlikely rehabilitation of Genghis Khan as a pioneer of global commerce. Missing from these accounts is a consideration of the technologies behind the creation of the globalized economy. What makes it possible for us to move billions of tons of raw materials and manufactured goods from continent to continent? Why are we able to fly almost anywhere on the planet within twenty-four hours? In Prime Movers of Globalization, Vaclav Smil offers a history of two key technical developments that have driven globalization: the high-compression non-sparking internal combustion engines invented by Rudolf Diesel in the 1890s and the gas turbines designed by Frank Whittle and Hans-Joachim Pabst von Ohain in the 1930s. The massive diesel engines that power cargo ships and the gas turbines that propel jet engines, Smil argues, are more important to the global economy than any corporate structure or international trade agreement. Smil compares the efficiency and scale of these two technologies to prime movers of the past, including the sail and the steam engine. The lengthy processes of development, commercialization, and diffusion that the diesel engine and the gas turbine went through, he argues, provide perfect examples of gradual technical advances that receive little attention but have resulted in epochal shifts in global affairs and the global economy.
Vaclav Smil is Distinguished Professor at the University of Manitoba and the author of many books, including Energy at the Crossroads: Global Perspectives and Uncertainties (2005), Energy in Nature and Society: General Energetics of Complex Systems (2007), Global Catastrophes and Trends: The Next Fifty Years (2008), and Why America Is Not a New Rome (2010), all published by the MIT Press. He was awarded the 2007 Olivia Schieffelin Nordberg Award for excellence in writing and editing in the population sciences. The story of how diesel engines and gas turbines, used to power cargo ships and jet airplanes, made today’s globally integrated economy possible.
September 7 x 9, 264 pp. 88 illus. $29.95T/£22.95 cloth 978-0-262-01443-4
Also available ENERGY AT THE CROSSROADS Global Perspectives and Uncertainties Vaclav Smil 2005, 978-0-262-69324-0 $19.95T/£14.95 paper ENERGY IN NATURE AND SOCIETY General Energetics of Complex Systems Vaclav Smil 2007, 978-0-262-69356-1 $34.00S/£25.95 paper GLOBAL CATASTROPHES AND TRENDS The Next Fifty Years Vaclav Smil 2008, 978-0-262-19586-7 $29.95T/£22.95 cloth WHY AMERICA IS NOT A NEW ROME Vaclav Smil 2010, 978-0-262-19593-5 $24.95T/£18.95 cloth
LAWS, OUTLAWS, AND TERRORISTS
Guidance for maintaining national security without abandoning the rule of law and our democratic values.
Lessons from the War on Terrorism Gabriella Blum and Philip B. Heymann
In an age of global terrorism, can the pursuit of security be reconciled with liberal democratic values and legal principles? During its “global war on terrorism,” the Bush administration argued that the United States was in a new kind of conflict, one in which peacetime domestic law was irrelevant and international law inapplicable. From 2001 to 2009, the United States thus waged war on terrorism in a “no-law zone.” Gabriella Blum and Philip Heymann reject the argument that traditional American values embodied in domestic and international law can be ignored in any sustainable effort to keep the United States safe from terrorism. In Laws, Outlaws, and Terrorists, they demonstrate that the costs are great and the benefits slight from separating security and the rule of law. Blum and Heymann argue that the harsh measures employed by the Bush administration were authorized too broadly, resulted in too much harm, and often proved to be counterproductive for security. Blum and Heymann recognize that a severe terrorist attack might justify changing the balance between law and security, but they call for reasoned judgment instead of a wholesale abandonment of American values. They also argue that being open to negotiations and seeking to win the moral support of the communities from which the terrorists emerge are noncoercive strategies that must be included in any future efforts to reduce terrorism.
Gabriella Blum is Assistant Professor of Law at Harvard Law School and author of Islands of Agreement: Managing Enduring Armed Rivalries and former Legal Advisor for the Israel Defense Forces. Philip B. Heymann is James Barr Ames Professor of Law at Harvard Law School and a former Deputy Attorney General of the United States. He is author of Terrorism, Freedom, and Security (2003) and Preserving Liberty in an Age of Terror (2005), both published by the MIT Press.
September 6 x 9, 232 pp. $21.95T/£16.95 cloth 978-0-262-01475-5 Belfer Center Studies in International Security
ATLAS OF RARE BIRDS
This book offers a guide to some of the rarest birds in existence, with maps that show where to find them. Focusing on fifty captivating stories of the very rare, it describes remarkable discoveries of species not seen for centuries and brought back from the brink of extinction, successes like the Seychelles Magpie-Robin and the California Condor. The book is organized around key groups of species, with each species the subject of its own mini-chapter; we learn about the five most amazing tales of island endemics, the five most bizarre cases of a bird’s becoming threatened, and other astonishing tales of bird life. Atlas of Rare Birds is an accessible, readable, and visually appealing take on the serious subject of threatened birds and possible extinctions — a timely topic because of increasing concerns about climate change and habitat destruction. The atlas format — featuring 200 color photographs and 61 color maps — shows the global nature of the problem and brings together the many strands of the concerted bird conservation effort taking place on every continent. Atlas of Rare Birds is published in association with BirdLife International, the world’s largest global alliance of bird conservation organizations.
Dominic Couzens is a full-time ornithologist based in Ferndown, Dorset, England. He is the author of Top 100 Birding Sites of the World and Bird Migration. Captivating stories of the very rare — birds not seen for centuries, birds brought back from the brink of extinction — illustrated with color photographs and maps.
October 10 1/2 x 8 1/2, 240 pp. 200 color photographs 61 color maps $29.95T cloth 978-0-262-01517-2 For sale in North America only
Modern-Day Arks Sara Oldfield
A lavishly illustrated look at botanic gardens and the work that goes on behind the scenes to save our botanical heritage.
September 10 1/2 x 8 1/2, 240 pp. 200 color photographs $29.95T cloth 978-0-262-01516-5 For sale in North America only
All life depends on plants, but we often take them for granted in our everyday lives. It is easy to ignore the fact that we are facing a crisis: scientists estimate that one third of all flowering plant species are threatened with extinction. This lavishly illustrated volume considers the essential conservation role of botanic gardens, telling the story of how a global network is working to save our botanical heritage. Chapters feature gardens from countries around the world, including the United Kingdom, the United States, Australia, Germany, Turkey, Uganda, South Africa, Mexico, Brazil, and China. Comments and photographs from the gardeners involved give the book a personal touch, revealing the human side of the important work that goes on behind the scenes of these spectacular gardens. Author Sara Oldfield shows us how botanic gardens are truly “modern-day arks,” safeguarding species and saving resources on which we may someday depend.
Sara Oldfield, based in Kew, London, is Secretary General of Botanic Gardens Conservation International. She is the author of Rainforest (2003) and Deserts: The Living Drylands (2004), both published by the MIT Press.
From Enlightenment to Neuroscience Michel Meulders translated by Laurence Garey
Although Hermann von Helmholtz was one of most remarkable figures of nineteenth-century science, he is little known outside his native Germany. Helmholtz (1821–1894) made significant contributions to the study of vision and perception and was also influential in the painting, music, and literature of the time; one of his major works analyzed tone in music. This book, the first in English to describe Helmholtz’s life and work in detail, describes his scientific studies, analyzes them in the context of the science and philosophy of the period — in particular the German Naturphilosophie — and gauges his influence on today’s neuroscience. Helmholtz, trained by Johannes Müller, one of the best physiologists of his time, used a resolutely materialistic and empirical scientific method in his research. This puts him in the tradition of Kant and the English empirical philosophers and directly opposed to the idealists and naturalists who interpreted nature based on metaphysical presuppositions. Helmholtz’s research on color vision put him at odds with Goethe’s more romantic theorizing on the subject; but at the end of his life, Helmholtz honored Goethe’s contributions, acknowledging that artistic intuition could reveal truths about the human mind that are inaccessible to science. Helmholtz’s work, eclipsed at the beginning of the twentieth century by new ideas in neurophysiology, has recently been rediscovered by psychologists. They recognize in Helmholtz’s methods — which were based on his belief in the interconnectedness of physiology and psychology — the origins of neuroscience.
Michel Meulders is Emeritus Professor of Neuroscience and Honorary Prorector of the Catholic University of Louvain, where he also was Dean of the Medical School from 1974 to 1979. Laurence Garey, a neuroscientist and anatomist, is the translator of Michel Jouvet’s The Paradox of Sleep (2001) and The Castle of Dreams (2008), both published by the MIT Press. The first biography in English of a nineteenth-century German scientist whose experimental approach influences today’s neuroscience.
October 6 x 9, 264 pp. 32 illus. $27.95T/£20.95 cloth 978-0-262-01448-9
The life and work of a leading Soviet physicist and an exploration of the strengths and weaknesses of Soviet science from Stalin through Gorbachev.
Zhores Alferov’s Life in Communist Science Paul R. Josephson
In 2000, Russian scientist Zhores Alferov shared the Nobel Prize for Physics for his discovery of the heterojunction, a semiconductor device the practical applications of which include LEDs, rapid transistors, and the microchip. The Prize was the culmination of a career in Soviet science that spanned the eras of Stalin, Khrushchev, and Gorbachev — and continues today in the postcommunist Russia of Putin and Medvedev. In Lenin’s Laureate, historian Paul Josephson tells the story of Alferov’s life and work and examines the bureaucratic, economic, and ideological obstacles to doing state-sponsored scientific research in the Soviet Union. Lenin and the Bolsheviks built strong institutions for scientific research, rectifying years of neglect under the Czars. Later generations of scientists, including Alferov and his colleagues, reaped the benefits, achieving important breakthroughs: the first nuclear reactor for civilian energy, an early fusion device, and, of course, the Sputnik satellite. Josephson’s account of Alferov’s career reveals the strengths and weaknesses of Soviet science — a schizophrenic environment of cutting-edge research and political interference. Alferov, born into a family of Communist loyalists, joined the party in 1967. He supported Gorbachev’s reforms in the 1980s, but later became frustrated by the recessionplagued postcommunist state’s failure to fund scientific research adequately. An elected member of the Russian parliament since 1995, he uses his prestige as a Nobel laureate to protect Russian science from further cutbacks. Drawing on extensive archival research and the author’s own discussions with Alferov, Lenin’s Laureate offers a unique account of Soviet science, presented against the backdrop of the USSR’s turbulent history from the revolution through perestroika.
Paul R. Josephson, Professor of History at Colby College, is the author of Would Trotsky Wear a Bluetooth?, Motorized Obsession, and other books.
October 6 x 9, 296 pp. 23 illus. $29.95T/£22.95 cloth 978-0-262-01458-8 Transformations: Studies in the History of Science and Technology
NO PRECEDENT, NO PLAN
Inside Russia’s 1998 Default Martin Gilman
In 1998, President Boris Yeltsin’s government defaulted on Russia’s debts and the country experienced a financial meltdown that brought its people to the brink of disaster. In No Precedent, No Plan, Martin Gilman offers an insider’s view of Russia’s financial crisis. As the senior representative of the International Monetary Fund in Moscow beginning in 1996, Gilman was in the eye of the storm. Now, he tells the dramatic story of Russia’s economic evolution following the collapse of the Soviet Union and analyzes the 1998 crisis and its aftermath. Gilman argues that the default and collapse, although avoidable, actually spurred Russia to integrate its economy with the rest of the world’s and served as a harbinger of the recent global economic crisis. Gilman details the IMF’s involvement and defends it against criticism by economist Joseph Stiglitz and others. In the 1990s, the collapse of the Soviet Union left Russia in chaos, with a barely functioning government and no consensus on the path toward a democratic and economic transformation. The smooth transition to a market economy that had been accomplished in other countries in Eastern Europe was impossible. Gilman describes the ordeal of the 1998 crisis and argues that the IMF helped Russia avoid an even greater catastrophe. He recounts Russia’s emergence from the IMF’s tutelage and explains how the shell-shocked Russian public turned to Vladimir Putin in search of stability after the trauma of 1998. No Precedent, No Plan offers a definitive account — the first from an insider’s perspective — of Russia’s painful transition to a market economy.
Martin Gilman, with the International Monetary Fund from 1981 to 2005, was the IMF’s senior representative in Moscow during Russia’s period of default and rebuilding. Currently Professor of Economics at Russia’s Higher School of Economics, he lives in Moscow with his wife, the distinguished Russian journalist Tatiana Malkina, and their two children. The definitive insider’s, account of Russia’s painful transition to a market economy, as told by the IMF’s senior man in Moscow at the time.
October 6 x 9, 416 pp. 7 illus. $29.95T/£22.95 cloth 978-0-262-01465-6
Internet studies/current affairs
GOOD FAITH COLLABORATION
How Wikipedia collaboration addresses the challenges of openness, consensus, and leadership.
The Culture of Wikipedia Joseph Michael Reagle Jr. foreword by Lawrence Lessig
Wikipedia the encyclopedia is built by a community — a community of Wikipedians who are expected to “assume good faith” when interacting with one another. In Good Faith Collaboration, Joseph Reagle examines this unique collaborative culture. Wikipedia, says Reagle, is not the first effort to create a freely shared, universal encyclopedia; its early twentieth-century ancestors include Paul Otlet’s Universal Repository and H. G. Wells’s proposal for a World Brain. Both these projects, like Wikipedia, were fuelled by new technology — which at the time included index cards and microfilm. What distinguishes Wikipedia from these and other more recent ventures is Wikipedia’s good faith collaborative culture, as seen not only in the writing and editing of articles but also in their discussion pages and edit histories. Keeping an open perspective on both knowledge claims and other contributors, Reagle argues, creates an extraordinary collaborative potential. Wikipedia is famously an encyclopedia “anyone can edit,” and Reagle examines Wikipedia’s openness and several challenges to it: technical features that limit vandalism to articles; private actions to mitigate potential legal problems; and Wikipedia’s own internal bureaucratization. He explores Wikipedia’s process of consensus (reviewing a dispute over naming articles on television shows) and examines the way leadership and authority work in an open content community. Wikipedia’s style of collaborative production has been imitated, analyzed, and satirized. Despite the social unease over its implications for individual autonomy, institutional authority, and the character (and quality) of cultural products, Wikipedia’s good faith collaborative culture has brought us closer than ever to a realization of the century-old pursuit of a universal encyclopedia.
Joseph Michael Reagle Jr. is an Adjunct Professor in the Department of Media, Culture, and Communication at New York University. In Fall 2010, he will be a Fellow at the Berkman Center for Internet and Society at Harvard Law School.
September 6 x 9, 256 pp. $27.95T/£20.95 cloth 978-0-262-01447-2 History and Foundations of Information Science series
history of computing
MAKERS OF THE MICROCHIP
A Documentary History of Fairchild Semiconductor Christophe Lécuyer and David C. Brock foreword by Jay Last
In the first three and a half years of its existence, Fairchild Semiconductor developed, produced, and marketed the device that would become the fundamental building block of the digital world: the microchip. Founded in 1957 by eight former employees of the Schockley Semiconductor Laboratory, Fairchild created the model for a successful Silicon Valley start-up: intense activity with a common goal, close collaboration, and a quick path to the market (Fairchild’s first device hit the market just ten months after the company’s founding). Fairchild Semiconductor was one of the first companies financed by venture capital, and its success inspired the establishment of venture capital firms in the San Francisco Bay area. These firms would finance the explosive growth of Silicon Valley over the next several decades. This history of the early years of Fairchild Semiconductor examines the technological, business, and social dynamics behind its innovative products. The centerpiece of the book is a collection of documents, reproduced in facsimile, including the company’s first prospectus; ideas, sketches, and plans for the company’s products; and a notebook kept by cofounder Jay Last that records problems, schedules, and tasks discussed at weekly meetings. A historical overview, interpretive essays, and an introduction to semiconductor technology in the period accompany these primary documents.
Christophe Lécuyer is Principal Economic Analyst in the Office of the President of the University of California and the author of Making Silicon Valley: Innovation and the Growth of High Tech, 1930-1970 (MIT Press, 2005). David C. Brock is Senior Research Fellow at the Chemical Heritage Foundation’s Center for Contemporary History and the editor of Understanding Moore’s Law: Four Decades of Innovation. The first years of the company that developed the microchip and created the model for a successful Silicon Valley start-up.
September 7 1/2 x 10, 368 pp. 117 illus. $24.95T/£18.95 cloth 978-0-262-01424-3
Also available MAKING SILICON VALLEY Innovation and the Growth of High Tech, 1930-1970 Christophe Lécuyer 2007, 978-0-262-62211-0 $23.00S/£17.95 paper
ATLAS OF SCIENCE
Science maps that can help us understand and navigate the deluge of results generated by today’s science and technology.
Visualizing What We Know Katy Börner
Cartographic maps have guided our explorations for centuries, allowing us to navigate the world. Science maps have the potential to guide our search for knowledge in the same way, allowing us to visualize scientific results. Science maps help us navigate, understand, and communicate the dynamic and changing structure of science and technology — help us make sense of the avalanche of data generated by scientific research today. Atlas of Science, featuring more than thirty full-page science maps, fifty data charts, a timeline of science-mapping milestones, and 500 color images, serves as a sumptuous visual index to the evolution of modern science and as an introduction to “the science of science” — charting the trajectory from scientific concept to published results. Atlas of Science, based on the popular exhibit, “Places & Spaces: Mapping Science,” describes and displays successful mapping techniques. The heart of the book is a visual feast: Claudius Ptolemy’s Cosmographia World Map from 1482; a guide to a PhD thesis that resembles a subway map; “the structure of science” as revealed in a map of citation relationships in papers published in 2002; a visual periodic table; a history flow visualization of the Wikipedia article on abortion; a globe showing the worldwide distribution of patents; a forecast of earthquake risk; hands-on science maps for kids; and many more. Each entry includes the story behind the map and biographies of its makers. Not even the most brilliant minds can keep up with today’s deluge of scientific results. Science maps show us the landscape of what we know.
Katy Börner is Victor H. Yngve Professor of Information Science in the School of Library and Information Science at Indiana University. She is curator of the “Places & Spaces: Mapping Science” exhibit that inspired Atlas of Science.
October 13 x 11, 288 pp. 500 color illus. $29.95T/£22.95 cloth 978-0-262-01445-8
Ongoing National Science Foundation, Washington, D.C. The Institute for Research Information and Quality Assurance, Bonn, Germany Storm Hall, San Diego State College
“Science is a voyage of discovery and Katy Börner has provided its first atlas. This excellent book offers a compendium of all that is best in explaining visual maps of our scientific knowledge.” — Michael Batty, University College London, author of Cities and Complexity: Understanding Cities with Cellular Automata, Agent-Based Models, and Fractals
Moments of Decision edited by David Kaiser
How did MIT become MIT? The Massachusetts Institute of Technology marks the 150th anniversary of its founding in 2011. Over the years, MIT has lived by its motto, “Mens et Manus” (“Mind and Hand”), dedicating itself to the pursuit of knowledge and its application to real-world problems. MIT has produced leading scholars in fields ranging from aeronautics to economics, invented entire academic disciplines, and transformed ideas into market-ready devices. This book examines a series of turning points, crucial decisions that helped define MIT. Many of these issues have relevance today: the moral implications of defense contracts, the optimal balance between government funding and private investment, and the right combination of basic science, engineering, and humanistic scholarship in the curriculum. Chapters describe the educational vision and fund-raising acumen of founder William Barton Rogers (MIT was among the earliest recipients of land grant funding); MIT’s relationship with Harvard — its rival, doppelgänger, and, for a brief moment, degree-conferring partner; the battle between pure science and industrial sponsorship in the early twentieth century; MIT’s rapid expansion during World War II because of defense work and military training courses; the conflict between Cold War gadgetry and the humanities; protests over defense contracts at the height of the Vietnam War; the uproar in the local community over the perceived riskiness of recombinant DNA research; and the measures taken to reverse years of institutionalized discrimination against women scientists.
David Kaiser is Associate Professor in the Program in Science, Technology, and Society and a Lecturer in the Department of Physics at MIT. He is the author of Drawing Theories Apart: The Dispersion of the Feynman Diagrams in Postwar Physics, and editor of Pedagogy and the Practices of Science: Historical and Contemporary Perspectives. The evolution of MIT, as seen in a series of crucial decisions over the years.
September 7 x 9, 224 pp. 40 illus. $24.95T/£18.95 cloth 978-0-262-11323-6
Lotte Bailyn Deborah Douglas John Durant Susan Hockfield Nancy Hopkins David Kaiser Christophe Lécuyer Stuart W. Leslie Bruce Sinclair Merritt Roe Smith
Also available MIND AND HAND The Birth of MIT Julius A. Stratton and Loretta H. Mannix 2005, 978-0-262-19524-9 $60.00S/£44.95 cloth
An art project that spread AIDS consciousness like a virus, examined by an artist-activist.
Imagevirus Gregg Bordowitz
In the mid-1980s, the Canadian art group General Idea (AA Bronson, Felix Partz, and Jorge Zontal) created a symbol using the acronym AIDS, arranging the letters in a manner that resembled Robert Indiana’s famous LOVE logo. This launched Imagevirus, a project of paintings, sculptures, videos, posters, and exhibitions that investigated the term AIDS as both word and image, using the mechanism of viral transmission. The Imagevirus spread like a virus, producing an image epidemic in urban spaces from Manhattan to Sydney. It was displayed as, among other things, a Spectacolor sign in Times Square, a sculpture on a street in Hamburg, and a poster in the New York subway system. In this detailed study of the Imagevirus project, artist and writer Gregg Bordowitz analyzes the work from the perspective of his own involvement with activist art initiatives in New York during the 1980s and 1990s. Bordowitz explores the virus as idea, as tactic, and as identity. General Idea felt compelled to make Imagevirus at a time when AIDS was emerging as a global epidemic affecting gay men disproportionately; when homophobia seemed to drive U.S. AIDS policy; and when the exigencies of AIDS activism created a demand for agit-prop and direct action. General Idea adapted their methods to the new situation, using the threat of viral infection and a poetic understanding of language as their model for artistic production and ideological struggle.
Gregg Bordowitz is an artist, writer, and Professor of Film, Video, and New Media at the School of the Art Institute, Chicago. He is the author of The AIDS Crisis Is Ridiculous and Other Writings, 1986–2003 (MIT Press, 2004). Bordowitz, who has been living with AIDS for two decades, was a member of the groundbreaking AIDS activist group ACT UP.
September 6 x 8 1/2, 112 pp. 32 color illus. $16.00T/£9.95 paper 978-1-84638-065-5 $35.00S/£19.95 cloth 978-1-84638-064-8 One Work series Distributed for Afterall Books
Also available in the One Work series ANDY WARHOL Blow Job Peter Gidal 2008, 978-1-84638-041-9 $16.00T/£9.95 paper CHRIS MARKER La Jetée Janet Harbord 2009, 978-1-84638-048-8 $16.00T/£9.95 paper HANNE DARBOVEN Cultural History 1880-1983 Dan Adler 2009, 978-1-84638-050-1 $16.00T/£9.95 paper
Technology/Transformation: Wonder Woman T. J. Demos
Opening with a prolonged salvo of fiery explosions accompanied by the warning cry of a siren, Dara Birnbaum’s video Technology/Transformation: Wonder Woman (1978–79) is a concise, action-packed, and visually riveting video. During its seven-minute span we see, again and again, the transformation of the drab secretary Diana Prince into the super-heroic Wonder Woman. By isolating and repeating the moment of transformation — spinning figure, arms outstretched — Birnbaum unmasks the technology at the heart of the metamorphosis. In this illustrated examination of Birnbaum’s video, T. J. Demos situates it in its historical context — among other developments in postmodernist appropriation, media analysis, and feminist politics — and explores the artist’s pioneering attempts to open up the transformative abilities of video as a medium. Demos examines Birnbaum’s influence on such artists as Douglas Gordon, Pierre Huyghe, Philippe Parreno, and Candice Breitz, and the turn toward “postproduction procedures” — the mobilization of existing imagery for innovative uses. He also reveals a fascinating historical shift in the reception of Birnbaum’s work: a move from an emphasis on her deconstruction of mass culture ideology to an appreciation of her creative use of consumer imagery.
T. J. Demos is a Lecturer in the Department of History of Art, University College London, and the author of The Exiles of Marcel Duchamp (MIT Press, 2007). His essays have appeared in such journals as Artforum, Grey Room, October, and Texte zur Kunst. A critical examination of Dara Birnbaum’s action-packed and riveting video of Wonder Woman’s transformations.
September 6 x 8 1/2, 112 pp. 32 color illus. $16.00T/£9.95 paper 978-1-84638-067-9 $35.00S/£19.95 cloth 978-1-84638-066-2 One Work series Distributed for Afterall Books
Also available in the One Work series MICHAEL SNOW Wavelength Elizabeth Legge 2009, 978-1-84638-056-3 $16.00T/£9.95 paper SARAH LUCAS Au Naturel Amna Malik 2009, 978-1-84638-054-9 $16.00T/£9.95 paper MARCEL DUCHAMP Étant donnés Julian Jason Haladyn 2010, 978-1-84638-059-4 $16.00T/£9.95 paper RICHARD LONG A Line Made by Walking Dieter Roelstraete 2010, 978-1-84638-058-7 $16.00T/£9.95 paper
LAST SEEN ENTERING THE BILTMORE
Previously unpublished plays and writings by one of today’s foremost satirical authors.
Plays, Short Fiction, Poems 1975–2008 Gary Indiana
Before publishing his celebrated first novel, Horse Crazy, in 1987, Gary Indiana wrote and directed twelve plays for an informal company whose performers included the painter Bill Rice, composer Evan Lurie, the poet George-Therese Dickenson, writer and film actress Cookie Mueller, Warhol superstar and painter Viva, writer Victoria Pedersen, singer/actress Sharon Niesp, photographer Allen Frame, the legendary Taylor Mead, novelist Larry Mitchell, and others. Performed at the Mudd Club, Club 57, The Performing Garage, and Bill Rice’s E. 3rd Street studio, Indiana’s plays offered a kind of community theater for New York’s underground. This volume presents highlights of that repertoire, including Alligator Girls Go to College, The Roman Polanski Story, and Indiana’s script for Michel Auder’s videofilm A Coupla White Faggots Sitting Around Talking, accompanied by archival performance photographs and selections from Indiana’s contemporaneous journals and poems. These hilarious, incisive writings and scripts evoke a vivid and accurate portrait of writers and artists in the lower Manhattan of the 1980s — arguably America’s last avant-garde — and anticipates Indiana’s impressive subsequent literary career.
Hailed by The Guardian as “one of the most important chroniclers of the modern psyche,” Gary Indiana is the author of a darkly satirical trilogy set in Southern California during the late 1990s: Resentment, Depraved Indifference and Three Month Fever: The Andrew Cunanan Story. His 2008 novel Shanghai Gesture was praised by Bookforum as “structured delirium . . . an aesthete’s hallucinatory folktale.” He is also the author of two collections of essays, Utopia’s Debris and Let It Bleed. Indiana teaches philosophy and literature at the New School in New York City.
October 6 x 9, 248 pp. 30 illus. $17.95T/£13.95 paper 978-1-58435-090-3 Native Agents series Distributed for Semiotext(e)
Also available from Semiotext(e) DAVID WOJNAROWICZ A definitive History of Five or Six Years on the Lower East Side Interviews by Sylvère Lotringer Edited by Giancarlo Ambrosino 2006, 978-1-58435-035-4 $29.95T/£22.95 cloth BAD REPUTATION Performances, Essays, Interviews Penny Arcade 2009, 978-1-58435-069-9 $19.95T/£14.95 cloth
NEITHER SUN NOR DEATH
Peter Sloterdijk with Hans-Jürgen Heinrichs translated by Steve Corcoran
We shouldn’t forget that ancient philosophy used to be a mental workout in which logical forms were used like machines in a gym. . . . Philosophy today is a super-workout for communicative energies capable of finding points of contact throughout the entire world. — from Neither Sun nor Death Peter Sloterdijk first became known in this country for his late 1980s Critique of Cynical Reason, which confronted headlong the “enlightened false consciousness” of Habermasian critical theory. Two decades later, after spending seven years in India studying Eastern philosophy, he is now attracting renewed interest for his writings on politics and globalization and for his magnum opus Spheres, a three-volume archaeology of the human attempt to dwell within spaces, from womb to globe: Bubbles, 1998; Globes, 1999; Foam, 2004, all forthcoming from Semiotext(e). In Neither Sun nor Death, Sloterdijk answers questions posed by German writer Hans-Jürgen Heinrichs, commenting on such issues as technological mutation, development media, communication technologies, and his own intellectual itinerary. Iconoclastic and provocative, alternatively sparkling and bombastic, a child of ’68 and a libertarian, Sloterdijk is the most exciting and controversial German philosopher to appear on the world scene since Nietzsche and Heidegger. Like Nietzsche, Sloterdijk remains convinced that contemporary philosophers have to think dangerously and let themselves be “kidnapped” by contemporary “hypercomplexities”; they must forsake our present humanist and nationalist world for a wider horizon at once ecological and global. Neither Sun nor Death is the best introduction available to Sloterdijk’s philosophical theory of globalization. It reveals a philosophe extraordinaire, encyclopedic and provocative, as much at ease with current French Theory (Gilles Deleuze, Paul Virilio, Gabriel Tarde) as with Heidegger and Indian mystic Osho Rajneesh.
Peter Sloterdijk (b. 1947) is one of the best known and widely read German intellectuals writing today. He became president of the State Academy of Design at the Center for Art and Media in Karlsruhe in 2001, and has been cohost of a discussion program, Der Philosophische Quartett (Philosophical Quartet), on German television since 2002. Hans-Jürgen Heinrichs is an anthropologist, writer, and publisher; he lives in Germany and Spain. A series of dialogues with the most exciting and controversial German philosopher writing today.
November 6 x 9, 384 pp. $17.95T/£13.95 paper 978-1-58435-091-0 Foreign Agents series Distributed for Semiotext(e)
Also available from Semiotext(e) TERROR FROM THE AIR Peter Sloterdijk 2009, 978-1-58435-072-9 $14.95T/£11.95 paper
THE AGONY OF POWER
Baudrillard’s unsettling coda: previously unpublished texts written just before the visionary theorist’s death in 2007.
Jean Baudrillard translated by Ames Hodges introduction by Sylvère Lotringer
History that repeats itself turns to farce. But a farce that repeats itself ends up making a history. — from The Agony of Power In these previously unpublished manuscripts written just before his death in 2007, Jean Baudrillard takes a last crack at the bewildering situation currently facing us as we exit the system of “domination” (based on alienation, revolt, revolution) and enter a world of generalized “hegemony” in which everyone becomes both hostage and accomplice of the global market. But in the free-form market of political and sexual liberation, as the possibility of revolution (and our understanding of it) dissipates, Baudrillard sees the hegemonic process as only beginning. Once expelled, negativity returns from within ourselves as an antagonistic force — most vividly in the phenomenon of terrorism, but also as irony, mockery, and the symbolic liquidation of all human values. This is the dimension of hegemony marked by an unbridled circulation — of capital, goods, information, or manufactured history — that is bringing the very concept of exchange to an end and pushing capital beyond its limits: to the point at which it destroys the conditions of its own existence. In the system of hegemony, the alienated, the oppressed, and the colonized find themselves on the side of the system that holds them hostage. In this paradoxical moment in which history has turned to farce, domination itself may appear to have been a lesser evil. This book gathers together two essays — “The Agony of Power” and “From Domination to Hegemony” — and a related interview with Baudrillard from 2005, “The Roots of Evil.” Semiotext(e) launched Baudrillard into English back in the early 1980s; now, as our media and information infested “ultra-reality” finally catches up with his theory, Semiotext(e) offers The Agony of Power, Baudrillard’s unsettling coda.
Jean Baudrillard (1929–2007) was a philosopher, sociologist, cultural critic, and theorist of postmodernity who challenged all existing theories of contemporary society with humor and precision. An outsider in the French intellectual establishment, he was internationally renowned as a twenty-first century visionary, reporter, and provocateur.
October 4 1/2 x 7, 88 pp. $12.95T/£9.95 paper 978-1-58435-092-7 Intervention Series Distributed for Semiotext(e)
Also available from Semiotext(e) RADICAL ALTERITY Jean Baudrillard and Marc Guillaume 2008, 978-1-58435-049-1 $14.95T/£11.95 paper FATAL STRATEGIES Jean Baudrillard 2008, 978-1-58435-061-3 $14.95T/£11.95 paper
THE MACHINIC UNCONSCIOUS
Essays in Schizoanalysis Félix Guattari translated by Taylor Adkins
We certainly have the unconscious that we deserve, an unconscious for specialists, ready-made for an institutionalized discourse. I would rather see it as something that wraps itself around us in everyday objects, something that is involved with day-to-day problems, with the world outside. It would be the possible itself, open to the socius, to the cosmos . . . — from The Machinic Unconscious In his seminal solo-authored work The Machinic Unconscious (originally published in French in 1979), Félix Guattari lays the groundwork for a general pragmatics capable of resisting the semiotic enslavement of subjectivity. Concluding that psychoanalytic theory had become part and parcel of a repressive, capitalist social order, Guattari here outlines a schizoanalytic theory to undo its capitalist structure and set the discipline back on its feet. Combining theoretical research from fields as diverse as cybernetics, semiotics, ethnology, and ethology, Guattari reintroduces into psychoanalysis a “polemical” dimension, at once transhuman, transsexual, and transcosmic, that brings out the social and political — the “machinic” — potential of the unconscious. To illustrate his theory, Guattari turns to literature and analyzes the various modes of subjectivization and semiotization at work in Proust’s In Search of Lost Time, examining the novel as if he were undertaking a scientific exploration in the style of Freud or Newton. Casting Proust’s figures as abstract (“hyper-deterritorialized”) mental objects, Guattari maps the separation between literature and science, elaborating along the way such major Deleuze-Guattarian concepts as “faciality” and “refrain,” which would be unpacked in their subsequent A Thousand Plateaus: Capitalism and Schizophrenia. Never before available in English, The Machinic Unconscious has for too long been the missing chapter from Deleuze and Guattari’s Anti-Oedipus project: the most important political extension of May 1968 and one of the most important philosophical contributions of the twentieth century.
Félix Guattari (1930-1992), post-’68 French psychoanalyst and philosopher, is the author of Anti-Oedipus (with Gilles Deleuze), and a number of books published by Semiotext(e), including The Anti-Oedipus Papers (2006) and Chaosophy (new edition, 2008). An early work that lays the foundation for establishing a “polemical” dimension to psychoanalysis.
September 6 x 9, 328 pp. $17.95T/£13.95 paper 978-1-58435-088-0 Foreign Agents series Distributed for Semiotext(e)
Also available from Semiotext(e) THE ANTI-OEDIPUS PAPERS Félix Guattari 2006, 978-1-58435-031-6 $17.95T/£13.95 paper CHAOSOPHY Texts and Interviews 1972–1977 Félix Guattari 2008, 978-1-58435-060-6 $17.95T/£13.95 paper SOFT SUBVERSIONS Texts and Interviews 1977–1985 Félix Guattari 2009, 978-1-58435-073-6 $17.95T/£13.95 paper
ARCHEOLOGY OF VIOLENCE
Clastres’s final, posthumous book on the affirmative role of violence in “primitive societies.”
Pierre Clastres introduction by Eduardo Viveiros de Castro translated by Jeanine Herman
The war machine is the motor of the social machine; the primitive social being relies entirely on war, primitive society cannot survive without war. The more war there is, the less unification there is, and the best enemy of the State is war. Primitive society is society against the State in that it is society-for-war. — from The Archeology of Violence Anthropologist and ethnographer Pierre Clastres was a major influence on Gilles Deleuze and Félix Guattari’s Anti-Oedipus, and his writings formed an essential chapter in the discipline of political anthropology. The posthumous publication in French of Archeology of Violence in 1980 gathered together Clastres’s final groundbreaking essays and the opening chapters of the book he had begun before his death in 1977 at the age of 43. Elaborating upon the conclusions of such earlier works as Society Against the State, in these essays Clastres critiques his former mentor, Claude Lévi-Strauss, and devastatingly rejects the orthodoxy of Marxist anthropology and other Western interpretive models of “primitive societies.” Discarding the traditional anthropological understanding of war among South American Indians as arising from a scarcity of resources, Clastres instead identifies violence among these peoples as a deliberate means to territorial segmentation and the avoidance of a State formation. In their refusal to separate the political from the social, and in their careful control of their tribal chiefs — who are rendered weak so as to remain dependent on the communities they represent — the “savages” Clastres presents prove to be shrewd political minds who resist in advance any attempt at “globalization.” The essays in this, Clastres’s final book, cover subjects ranging from ethnocide and shamanism to “primitive” power and economy, and are as vibrant and engaging as they were thirty years ago. This new edition — which includes an introduction by Eduardo Viverios de Castro — holds even more relevance for readers in today’s era of malaise and globalization.
Pierre Clastres (1934–1977) was a French anthropologist and ethnologist who, in the wake of the events of May ‘68, helped overturn anthropological orthodoxy in the 1970s. His books include Society Against the State (1974) and Chronicle of the Guayaki Indians (1972). Eduardo Viveiros de Castro is a Brazilian anthropologist and a professor at the National Museum of the Federal University of Rio de Janeiro.
September 6 x 9, 240 pp. $15.95T/£11.95 paper 978-1-58435-093-4 Foreign Agents series Distributed for Semiotext(e)
Also available from Zone Books SOCIETY AGAINST THE STATE Essays in Political Anthropology Pierre Clastres translated by Robert Hurley and Abe Stein 1989, 978-0-942299-01-4 $19.95T/£14.95 paper CHRONICLE OF THE GUAYAKI INDIANS Pierre Clastres translated by Paul Auster 2000, 978-0-942299-78-6 $19.95T/£14.95 paper Not for sale in the U.K. and British Commomwealth except Canada
DIARY OF AN INNOCENT
Tony Duvert translated with an introduction by Bruce Benderson
I’d find it amusing if, in a few centuries, the only thing that our descendents condescend to retain of our artistic production, the only thing in which they’ll see worlds to admire, to penetrate, the only thing that they’ll show off as precious in immense museums after having flushed down the toilet all our acknowledged masterpieces, the only thing that will give them nostalgia and love for us will be our porn. — from Diary of an Innocent Exiled from the prestigious French literary circles that had adored him in the 1970s, novelist Tony Duvert’s life ended in anonymity. In 2008, nineteen years after his last book was published, Duvert’s lifeless body was discovered in the small village of Thoré-la-Rochette, where he had been living a life of total seclusion. Now for the first time, Duvert’s most highly crafted novel is available in English. Poetic, brutally frank, and outright shocking, Diary of an Innocent recounts the risky experiences of a sexual adventurer among a tribe of adolescent boys in an imaginary setting that suggests North Africa. More reverie than narrative, Duvert’s Diary presents a cascading series of portraits of the narrator’s adolescent sexual partners and their culture, and ends with a fanciful yet rigorous construction of a reverse world in which marginal sexualities have become the norm. Written with gusto and infused with a luminous bitterness, this novel is more unsettling to readers today than it was to its first audience when published in French in 1976. In his openly declared war on society, Duvert presents a worldview that offers no easy moral code and no false narrative solution of redemption. And yet no reader will remain untouched by the book’s dazzling language, stinging wit, devotion to matters of the heart, and terse condemnation of today’s society.
Tony Duvert (1945–2008) is the author of fourteen books of fiction and nonfiction. His fifth novel, Paysage de fantaisie (Strange Landscape), won the prestigious Prix Médicis in 1973. Other books translated into English include the novel When Jonathan Died, and the scathing critique of sex and society Good Sex Illustrated (Semiotext(e), 2007). Novelist, translator, and essayist Bruce Benderson is the author of a memoir, The Romanian: Story of an Obsession, winner of France’s prestigious Prix de Flore in French translation, and Pacific Agony (Semiotext(e), 2009). Now in English, Duvert’s shocking novel about a sexual adventurer among a tribe of adolescent boys in Northern Africa.
September 6 x 9, 256 pp. $17.95T/£13.95 paper 978-1-58435-077-4 Native Agents series Distributed for Semiotext(e)
Also available from Semiotext(e) GOOD SEX ILLUSTRATED Tony Duvert translated by Bruce Benderson 2007, 978-1-58435-043-9 $14.95T/£11.95 paper PACIFIC AGONY Bruce Benderson 2009, 978-1-58435-082-8 $14.95T/£11.95 paper
“ Diary of an Innocent by Tony Duvert is a truly scandalous work, but first and foremost a work of great depth and freedom. . . . A book that reinvents the seduction of literature.” — Abdellah Taïa, author of Salvation Army
WALLED STATES, WANING SOVEREIGNTY
Why do nation-states wall themselves off despite widespread proclamations of global connectedness?
October 6 x 9, 168 pp. 7 illus. $25.95T/£19.95 cloth 978-1-935408-08-6 Distributed for Zone Books
Why do walls marking national boundaries proliferate amid widespread proclamations of global connectedness and despite anticipation of a world without borders? Why are barricades built of concrete, steel, and barbed wire when threats to the nation today are so often miniaturized, vaporous, clandestine, dispersed, or networked? In Walled States, Waning Sovereignty, Wendy Brown considers the recent spate of wall building in contrast to the erosion of nation-state sovereignty. Drawing on classical and contemporary political theories of state sovereignty in order to understand how state power and national identity persist amid its decline, Brown considers both the need of the state for legitimacy and the popular desires that incite the contemporary building of walls. The new walls — dividing Texas from Mexico, Israel from Palestine, South Africa from Zimbabwe — consecrate the broken boundaries they would seem to contest and signify the ungovernability of a range of forces unleashed by globalization. Yet these same walls often amount to little more than theatrical props, frequently breached, and blur the distinction between law and lawlessness that they are intended to represent. But if today’s walls fail to resolve the conflicts between globalization and national identity, they nonetheless project a stark image of sovereign power. Walls, Brown argues, address human desires for containment and protection in a world increasingly without these provisions. Walls respond to the wish for horizons even as horizons are vanquished.
Wendy Brown is Emanuel Heller Professor of Political Science at the University of California, Berkeley. She is the author of Regulating Aversion: Tolerance in the Age of Identity and Empire and other books.
REASON AND RESONANCE
A History of Modern Aurality Veit Erlmann
Hearing has traditionally been regarded as the second sense — as somehow less rational and less modern than the first sense, sight. Reason and Resonance explodes this myth by reconstructing the process through which the ear came to play a central role in modern culture and rationality. For the past four hundred years, hearing has been understood as involving the sympathetic resonance between the vibrating air and various parts of the inner ear. But the emergence of resonance as the centerpiece of modern aurality also coincides with the triumph of a new type of epistemology in which the absence of resonance is the very condition of thought. Our mind’s relationship to the world is said to rest on distance or, as the very synonym for reason suggests, reflection. Reason and Resonance traces the genealogy of this “intimate animosity” between reason and resonance through a series of interrelated case studies involving a varied cast of otologists, philosophers, physiologists, pamphleteers, and music theorists. Among them are the seventeenth-century architect-zoologist Claude Perrault, who refuted Cartesianism in a book on sound and hearing; the Sturm und Drang poet Wilhelm Heinse and his friend the anatomist Samuel Sömmerring, who believed the ventricular fluid to be the interface between the soul and the auditory nerve; the renowned physiologist Johannes Müller, who invented the concept of “sense energies”; and Müller’s most important student, Hermann von Helmholtz, author of the magisterial Sensations of Tone. Erlman also discusses key twentieth-century thinkers of aurality, including Ernst Mach; the communications engineer and proponent of the first nonresonant wave theory of hearing, Georg von Békésy; political activist and philosopher Günther Anders; and Martin Heidegger.
Veit Erlmann holds the Endowed Chair of Music History at the University of Texas at Austin’s Butler School of Music. How the ear came to play a central role in modern culture and rationality.
October 6 x 9, 416 pp. 23 illus. $32.95T/£24.95 cloth 978-1-935408-04-8 Distributed for Zone Books
current affairs/information science
ACCESS TO KNOWLEDGE IN THE AGE OF INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY
A movement emerges to challenge the tightening of intellectual property law around the world.
edited by Gaëlle Krikorian and Amy Kapczynski
At the end of the twentieth century, intellectual property rights collided with everyday life. Expansive copyright laws and digital rights management technologies sought to shut down new forms of copying and remixing made possible by the Internet. International laws expanding patent rights threatened the lives of millions of people around the world living with HIV/AIDS by limiting their access to cheap generic medicines. For decades, governments have tightened the grip of intellectual property law at the bidding of information industries; but recently, groups have emerged around the world to challenge this wave of enclosure with a new counter-politics of “access to knowledge” or “A2K.” They include software programmers who took to the streets to defeat software patents in Europe, AIDS activists who forced multinational pharmaceutical companies to permit copies of their medicines to be sold in poor countries, subsistence farmers defending their rights to food security or access to agricultural biotechnology, and college students who created a new “free culture” movement to defend the digital commons. Access to Knowledge in the Age of Intellectual Property maps this emerging field of activism as a series of historical moments, strategies, and concepts. It gathers some of the most important thinkers and advocates in the field to make the stakes and strategies at play in this new domain visible and the terms of intellectual property law intelligible in their political implications around the world. A Creative Commons edition of this work will be freely available online.
Gaëlle Krikorian is a doctoral student at the École des Hautes Études en Sciences Sociales in Paris and a member of the consultative board AC27 at the national research agency on HIV/AIDS and Hepatitis (ANRS). Amy Kapczynski is Assistant Professor of Law at the University of California, Berkeley, Law School. She cofounded Universities Allied for Essential Medicines in 2002.
November 6 x 9, 640 pp. 61 illus. $24.95T/£18.95 paper 978-1-890951-96-2 Distributed for Zone Books
Ahmed Abdelatif, Philippe Aigrain, Jeffrey Atteberry, Yochai Benkler, Yann Moulier Boutaing, Carlos Correa, Laura DeNardis, Sarah Deutsch, Peter Drahos, Hala Essalmawi, Rick Falkvinge, Sean Flynn, Vera Franz, Spring Gombe, Anil Gupta, Ellen ’t Hoen, Charles Igwe, Eddan Katz, Kannikar Kijtiwatchakul, Gaëlle Krikorian, Lawrence Liang, Jiraporn Limpananont, James Love, Leena Menghaney, Viviana Munoz, Sisule F. Musungu, HeeSeob Nam, Chan Park, Eloan Pinheiro dos Santos, Achal Prabhala, Onno Purbo, Manon Ress, Caroline Rossini, Susan Sell, Sangeeta Shashikant, Roberto Verzola, Jo Walsh
ZONE BOOKS/NOW IN PAPER
history of science/philosophy
Lorraine Daston and Peter Galison
Objectivity has a history, and it is full of surprises. In Objectivity, Lorraine Daston and Peter Galison chart the emergence of objectivity in the mid-nineteenthcentury sciences — and show how the concept differs from its alternatives, truth-to-nature and trained judgment. It is a story of lofty epistemic ideals fused with workaday practices in the making of scientific images. Galison and Daston use images from scientific atlases — the compendia that teach practitioners what is worth looking at and how to look at it — to uncover a hidden history of scientific objectivity and its rivals. Whether an atlas maker idealizes an image to capture the essentials in the name of truth-to-nature, or refuses to erase even the most incidental detail in the name of objectivity, or highlights patterns in the name of trained judgment, it is a decision enforced by an ethos as well as by an epistemology. As Daston and Galison argue, atlases shape the subjects as well as the objects of science. To pursue objectivity — or truth-to-nature or trained judgment — is to cultivate a distinctive scientific self and to see not as a separate individual but as a member of a particular scientific community. Embedded in the atlas image, therefore, are the traces of consequential choices about knowledge, persona, and collective sight. Objectivity is a book addressed to anyone interested in the elusive and crucial notion of objectivity — and in what it means to peer into the world scientifically.
Lorraine Daston is Director at the Max Planck Institute for the History of Science in Berlin, Germany. She is the coauthor of Wonders and the Order of Nature, 1150-1750 (1998) and the editor of Things That Talk: Object Lessons from Art and Science (2004), both Zone Books. Peter Galison is Pellegrino University Professor of the History of Science and of Physics at Harvard University. He is the author of Einstein’s Clocks, Poincaré’s Maps: Empires of Time, among other books, and coeditor (with Emily Thompson) of The Architecture of Science (MIT Press, 1999). The emergence of objectivity in the mid-nineteenth-century sciences, as revealed through images in scientific atlases.
October 6 x 9, 504 pp. 32 color illus., 108 black & white illus. $28.95T/£21.95 paper 978-1-890951-79-5 cloth 2007 978-1-890951-78-8 Distributed for Zone Books
Also available from Zone Books WONDERS AND THE ORDER OF NATURE, 1150-1750 Lorraine Daston 2001, 978-0-942299-91-5 $29.95T/£22.95 paper
“The authors’ argument here is complicated but fascinating (and, because the argument is about images, the book is beautiful).” — Science “Objectivity by Lorraine Daston and Peter Galison is not just a fine book, it is that rare thing, a great book. It is almost shockingly original, genuinely profound, and amazingly learned without ever being pedantic. It should force everyone interested in science and its history or in objectivity and its history to think more deeply about what they think they already know.” — Hilary Putnam, author of Ethics without Ontology
NOW IN PAPER
economics/parenting cognitive science/business
An Economist Dad Looks at Parenting Joshua Gans
Like any new parent, Joshua Gans felt joy mixed with anxiety upon the birth of his first child. Who was this blanket-swaddled small person and what did she want? Unlike most parents, however, Gans is an economist, and he began to apply the tools of his trade to raising his children. He saw his new life as one big economic management problem — and if economics helped him think about parenting, parenting illuminated certain economic principles. Parentonomics is the entertaining, enlightening, and often hilarious fruit of his “research.” Gans gives us the parentonomic view of delivery (if the mother shares her pain by yelling at the father, doesn’t it really create more aggregate pain?), sleep (the screams of a baby are like an offer: “I’ll stop screaming if you give me attention”), food (a question of marketing), travel (“the best thing you can say about traveling with children is that they are worse than baggage”), punishment (and threat credibility), birthday party time management, and more.
Joshua Gans is the father of three and Chair of Management at the Melbourne Business School, University of Melbourne. He is the author of several economics textbooks and the 2007 recipient of Australia’s Young Economist award.
How They Shape Our World Alex (Sandy) Pentland
How can you know when someone is bluffing? Paying attention? Genuinely interested? The answer, writes Sandy Pentland in Honest Signals, is that subtle patterns in how we interact with other people reveal our attitudes toward them. These unconscious social signals are not just a back channel or a complement to our conscious language; they form a separate communication network. Biologically based “honest signaling,” evolved from ancient primate signaling mechanisms, offers an unmatched window into our intentions, goals, and values. If we understand this ancient channel of communication, Pentland claims, we can accurately predict the outcomes of situations ranging from job interviews to first dates. Pentland, an MIT professor, has used a specially designed digital sensor worn like an ID badge — a “sociometer” — to monitor and analyze the back-andforth patterns of signaling among groups of people. He and his researchers found that this second channel of communication, revolving not around words but around social relations, profoundly influences major decisions in our lives — even though we are largely unaware of it. Pentland shows how by “reading” our social networks we can become more successful at pitching an idea, getting a job, or closing a deal — better managers, workers, and communicators.
Professor Alex (Sandy) Pentland, is a leading figure at the MIT Media Lab and is a pioneer in the fields of organizational engineering, mobile information systems, and computational social science.
“Dr. Spock meets Freakonomics. Parenting will never be the same.” — Barry Nalebuff, Milton Steinbach Professor at Yale School of Management, coauthor of Co-Opetition “What happens when Mr. Spock meets Dr. Spock? The answer is Parentonomics, an autobiographical account of how an economist used his professional training in game theory to bring up his three children.” — Tim Hartford, Financial Times
October — 5 3/8 x 8, 256 pp. $11.95T/£8.95 paper 978-0-262-51497-2 cloth 2009 978-0-262-01278-2 Not for sale in Australia
“A slender hardback book is sitting innocuously in a pool of sunlight on my desk. . . . You might not expect it to carry the seeds of social revolution — but I strongly suspect that it does.” — John Gilbey, “The Book of the Week,” Times Higher Education Supplement
October — 5 3/8 x 8, 208 pp. $11.95T/£8.95 paper 978-0-262-51512-2 cloth 2008 978-0-262-16256-2
NOW IN PAPER
technology/mobile communication science/environment
NEW TECH, NEW TIES
How Mobile Communication Is Reshaping Social Cohesion Rich Ling
The message of this book is simple: the mobile phone strengthens social bonds among family and friends. With a traditional land-line telephone, we place calls to a location and ask hopefully if someone is “there”; with a mobile phone, we have instant and perpetual access to friends and family regardless of where they are. But when we are engaged in these intimate conversations with absent friends, what happens to our relationship with the people who are actually in the same room with us? In New Tech, New Ties, Rich Ling examines how the mobile telephone affects both kinds of interactions — those mediated by mobile communication and those that are face to face. Ling finds that through the use of various social rituals the mobile telephone strengthens social ties within the circle of friends and family — sometimes at the expense of interaction with those who are physically present.
Rich Ling holds the position of sociologist at the Norwegian telecommunications company Telenor and is Professor at the IT University of Copenhagen. He is the author of The Mobile Connection: The Cell Phone’s Impact on Society. 2009 winner, Erving Goffman Award for Outstanding Scholarship in the Ecology of Social Interaction, given by the Media Ecology Association
The World’s Greatest Environmental Challenge Tyler Volk
The most colossal environmental disturbance in human history is under way. Ever-rising levels of the potent greenhouse gas carbon dioxide (CO2) are altering the cycles of matter and life and interfering with the Earth’s natural cooling process. Melting Arctic ice and mountain glaciers are just the first relatively mild symptoms of what will result from this disruption of the planetary energy balance. In CO2 Rising, scientist Tyler Volk explains the process at the heart of global warming and climate change: the global carbon cycle. Vividly and concisely, Volk describes what happens when CO2 is released by the combustion of fossil fuels (coal, oil, and natural gas), letting loose carbon atoms once trapped deep underground into the interwoven web of air, water, and soil. Knowledge about the global carbon cycle and the huge disturbances that human activity produces in it will equip us to consider the hard questions that Volk raises in the second half of CO2 Rising about future levels of CO2, future energy sources, and global equity in per capita emissions. Answering these questions will indeed be our greatest environmental challenge.
Tyler Volk is Science Director of Environmental Studies and Associate Professor of Biology at New York University. He is the author of Gaia’s Body: Toward a Physiology of the Earth (MIT Press, 2003), Metapatterns: Across Space, Time, and Mind, and other books.
“Anyone who wants to know how our use of mobile phones is changing our social lives should read this book.” — Howard Rheingold, author of Tools for Thought, The Virtual Community, and Smart Mob “Rich Ling examines the social effects of the mobile telephone and ends up finding more to praise than to blame.” — Christine Rosen, The Wall Street Journal
October — 6 x 9, 240 pp. — 1 illus. $13.95T/£10.95 paper 978-0-262-51504-7 cloth 2008 978-0-262-12297-9
“If there is one book on climate change that President Barack Obama should read, it might well be Tyler Volk’s CO2 Rising.” — Euan Nisbet, Nature Reports Climate Change
October — 5 3/8 x 8, 240 pp. — 39 illus. $11.95T/£8.95 paper 978-0-262-51521-4 cloth 2008 978-0-262-22083-5
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environment/political science urban design/landscape architecture/environment
THE SHADOWS OF CONSUMPTION
Consequences for the Global Environment Peter Dauvergne
The Shadows of Consumption gives a hard-hitting diagnosis: many of the earth’s ecosystems and billions of its people are at risk from the consequences of rising consumption. Products ranging from cars to hamburgers offer conveniences and pleasures; but, as Peter Dauvergne makes clear, global political and economic processes displace the real costs of consumer goods into distant ecosystems, communities, and timelines, tipping into crisis people and places without the power to resist. Dauvergne’s innovative analysis allows us to see why so many efforts to manage the global environment are failing even as environmentalism is slowly strengthening. He proposes a guiding principle of “balanced consumption” for both consumers and corporations. More crucial than our individual efforts to reuse and recycle will be reforms in the global political economy to reduce the inequalities of consumption and correct the imbalance between growing economies and environmental sustainability.
Peter Dauvergne is Professor of Political Science and Canada Research Chair in Global Environmental Politics at the University of British Columbia. He is the author of the award-winning Shadows in the Forest: Japan and the Politics of Timber in Southeast Asia (MIT Press, 1997), and the coauthor (with Jennifer Clapp) of Paths to a Green World: The Political Economy of the Global Environment (MIT Press, 2005). Co-winner, 2009 Gerald L. Young Book Award in Human Ecology, given by the Society for Human Ecology
DESIGN FOR ECOLOGICAL DEMOCRACY
Randolph T. Hester
Over the last fifty years, the process of community building has been lost in the process of city building. City and suburban design divides us from others in our communities, destroys natural habitats, and fails to provide a joyful context for our lives. In Design for Ecological Democracy, Randolph Hester proposes a remedy for our urban anomie. He outlines new principles for urban design that will allow us to forge connections with our fellow citizens and our natural environment. He demonstrates these principles with abundantly illustrated examples — drawn from forty years of design and planning practice — showing how we can design cities that are ecologically resilient, that enhance community, and that give us pleasure.
Randolph T. Hester is Professor and former Department Chair in the Department of Landscape Architecture and Environmental Planning at the University of California, Berkeley, and Principal in the firm Community Development by Design. He is the author of Neighborhood Space, Planning Neighborhood Space with People, and Community Design Primer. Winner, 2007 Davidoff Award, presented by the Association of Collegiate Schools of Planning Winner, 2006 PROSE Award in Architecture and Urban Planning, presented by the Association of American Publishing/Professional Scholarly Publishing
“Engaging, convincing, and nuanced, Peter Dauvergne’s book masterfully excavates and politicizes the shadows of consumption that modern life casts, from the consumption of beef to the use of cars and fridges.” — Peter Newell, Professor of Development Studies, University of East Anglia
October — 6 x 9, 336 pp. $12.95T/£9.95 paper 978-0-262-51492-7 cloth 2008 978-0-262-04246-8
“Randy Hester’s profusely illustrated book is the fruitful outcome of his life’s work in community design. Design for Ecological Democracy shows us how to adapt human settlements so that people can get back in touch with the sources of natural creation.” — Bill Thompson, Editor, Landscape Architecture Magazine “This wise, passionate, and inspiring book, full of success stories, is required reading for all who would build communities that are more beautiful, sustainable, and just.” — Anne Whiston Spirn, Professor of Landscape Architecture and Planning, MIT, and author of The Language of Landscape and The Granite Garden
October — 8 x 9, 528 pp. — 170 color illus., 413 black & white illus. $21.95T/£16.95 paper 978-0-262-51500-9 cloth 2006 978-0-262-08351-5
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higher education/technology technology/media
OPENING UP EDUCATION
The Collective Advancement of Education through Open Technology, Open Content, and Open Knowledge edited by Toru Iiyoshi and M. S. Vijay Kumar foreword by John Seely Brown
Given the abundance of open education initiatives that aim to make educational assets freely available online, the time seems ripe to explore the potential of open education to transform the economics and ecology of education. Despite the diversity of tools and resources already available — from well-packaged course materials to simple games for students, self-learners, faculty, and educational institutions — we have yet to take full advantage of shared knowledge about how these are being used, what local innovations are emerging, and how to learn from and build on the experiences of others. In essays by leaders in open education, Opening Up Education argues that we must develop not only the technical capability but also the intellectual capacity for transforming tacit pedagogical knowledge into commonly usable and visible knowledge: by providing incentives for faculty to use (and contribute to) open education goods, and by looking beyond institutional boundaries to connect a variety of settings and open source entrepreneurs. Through the support of the Carnegie Foundation for the Advancement of Teaching, an electronic version of this book is openly available under a Creative Commons license at the MIT Press Web site, http://mitpress.mit.edu.
Toru Iiyoshi is Senior Scholar and Director of the Knowledge Media Lab at the Carnegie Foundation. M. S. Vijay Kumar is Senior Associate Dean and Director of the Office of Educational Innovation and Technology at MIT.
FROM BETAMAX TO BLOCKBUSTER
Video Stores and the Invention of Movies on Video Joshua M. Greenberg
The first video cassette recorders were promoted in the 1970s as an extension of broadcast television technology — a time-shifting device, a way to tape TV shows. Early advertising for Sony’s Betamax told potential purchasers “You don’t have to miss Kojak because you’re watching Columbo.” But within a few years, the VCR had been transformed from a machine that recorded television into an extension of the movie theater into the home. In From Betamax to Blockbuster, Joshua Greenberg explains how the combination of neighborhood video stores and the VCR created a world in which movies became tangible consumer goods. Greenberg charts a trajectory from early “videophile” communities to the rise of the video store — complete with theater marquee lights, movie posters, popcorn, and clerks who offered expert advice on which movies to rent. The result was more than a new industry; by placing movies on cassette in the hands (and control) of consumers, video rental and sale led to a renegotiation of the boundary between medium and message, and ultimately a new relationship between audiences and movies.
Joshua M. Greenberg is Director of Digital Strategy and Scholarship at the New York Public Library.
“Greenberg effectively recreates the excitement that was in the air at the dawn of the video age.” — David Siegfried, Booklist “Josh Greenberg has given us a new way of viewing what we thought was a familiar story. . . . The VCR permanently altered the American mediascape and Greenberg shows us why and how.” — Siva Vaidhyanathan, author of Copyrights and Copywrongs
October — 6 x 9, 232 pp. — 22 illus. $13.95T/£10.95 paper 978-0-262-51499-6 cloth 2008 978-0-262-07290-8 Inside Technology series mitpress.mit.edu Fall 2010
“This book is probably the most comprehensive collection of writings to date on the open education movement.” — C. Judson King, Director, Center for Studies in Higher Education, University of California, Berkeley
October — 6 x 9, 504 pp. — 14 illus. $12.95T/£9.95 paper 978-0-262-51501-6 cloth 2008 978-0-262-03371-8
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Philosophy in Film Irving Singer
Film is the supreme medium for mythmaking. The gods and heroes of mythology are both larger than life and deeply human; they teach us about the world, and they tell us a good story. Similarly, our experience of film is both distant and intimate. In Cinematic Mythmaking, Irving Singer explores the hidden and overt use of myth in various films and, in general, the philosophical elements of a film’s meaning. Mythological themes, Singer writes, perform a crucial role in cinematic art and even philosophy itself. Singer incisively disentangles the strands of different myths in the films he discusses. He finds, for example, that Eliza Doolittle in the filmed versions of Shaw’s Pygmalion is not just a statue brought to life but instead a heroic woman who must survive her own dark night of the soul. The aesthetic and probing inventiveness in film, Singer shows us, restores and revives for audiences in the twenty-first century myths of creation, of the questing hero, and of ideals — both secular and religious — that have had enormous significance throughout the human search for love and meaning in life.
Irving Singer is Professor of Philosophy at MIT. He is the author of the trilogies The Nature of Love and Meaning in Life as well as Reality Transformed: Film as Meaning and Technique (2000); Three Philosophical Filmmakers: Hitchcock, Welles, Renoir (2004); Ingmar Bergman, Cinematic Philosopher (2007), all published by the MIT Press.
THE ARTWORK CAUGHT BY THE TAIL
Francis Picabia and Dada in Paris George Baker
The artist Francis Picabia — notorious dandy, bon vivant, painter, poet, filmmaker, and polemicist — has emerged as the Dadaist with postmodern appeal, and one of the most enigmatic forces behind the enigma that was Dada. In this first book in English to focus on Picabia’s work in Paris during the Dada years, art historian and critic George Baker reimagines Dada through Picabia’s eyes. The book tells the story of a set of newly transformed artistic practices, claiming them for art history — and naming them — for the first time: Dada Drawing, Dada Painting, Dada Photography, Dada Abstraction, Dada Cinema, Dada Montage. Along the way, Baker describes a series of nearly forgotten objects and events, from the almost lunatic range of the Paris Dada “manifestations” to Picabia’s polemical writings; from a lost work by Picabia in the form of a hole (called, suggestively, The Young Girl) to his “painting” Cacodylic Eye, covered in autographs by luminaries ranging from Ezra Pound to Fatty Arbuckle. Art history has never looked like this before. But then again, Dada has never looked like art history.
George Baker is Assistant Professor of Art History at the University of California, Los Angeles, and an editor at October magazine and October Books. He is the editor of James Coleman (MIT Press, 2002) and a frequent contributor to Artforum.
“Original and often illuminating.” — Barry Schwabsky, The Nation “George Baker’s gripping study of Francis Picabia offers a model of Dada that goes well beyond the usual pieties regarding its anti-art stance. Baker attends to Picabia’s productive innovation in the Paris Dada moment, showing that it was through form that Picabia remade modernism from the medium up.” — David Joselit, Yale University
October — 7 x 9, 496 pp. — 122 illus. $19.95T/£14.95 paper 978-0-262-51486-6 cloth 2007 978-0-262-02618-5 An October Book
“Singer has a great teacher’s gift for making fresh, unexpected links among some of the best-known works of cinematic art. A joy to read.” — Edward Baron Turk, author of Child of Paradise: Marcel Carné and the Golden Age of French Cinema
October — 6 x 9, 256 pp. $12.95T/£9.95 paper 978-0-262-51515-3 cloth 2008 978-0-262-19589-8 The Irving Singer Library
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art/African-American studies art history/cultural studies
HOW TO SEE A WORK OF ART IN TOTAL DARKNESS
Work by black artists today is almost uniformly understood in terms of its “blackness,” with audiences often expecting or requiring it to “represent” the race. In How to See a Work of Art in Total Darkness, Darby English shows how severely such expectations limit the scope of our knowledge about this work and how different it looks when approached on its own terms. Refusing to grant racial blackness — his metaphorical “total darkness” — primacy over his subjects’ other concerns and contexts, he brings to light problems and possibilities that arise when questions of artistic priority and freedom come into contact, or even conflict, with those of cultural obligation. English examines the integrative and interdisciplinary strategies of five contemporary artists — Kara Walker, Fred Wilson, Isaac Julien, Glenn Ligon, and William Pope.L — stressing the ways in which this work at once reflects and alters our view of its informing context: the advent of postmodernity in late twentieth-century American art and culture.
Darby English is Assistant Professor of Art History at the University of Chicago. He is coeditor of Kara Walker: Narratives of a Negress (MIT Press, 2003).
The Avant-Garde and the Technological Revolution Rubén Gallo
In Mexican Modernity, Rubén Gallo tells the story of a second Mexican Revolution, a battle fought on the front of cultural representation. The new revolutionaries were not rebels or outlaws but artists and writers; their weapons were cameras, typewriters, radios, and other technological artifacts, and their goal was not to topple a dictator but to dethrone nineteenth-century aesthetics. Gallo traces the ways artists and writers, armed with these artifacts, revolutionized representation by breaking with the traditional modes of production that had dominated Mexican cultural practices: Tina Modotti rose against the conventions of “artistic” photography by promoting a radically modern photographic aesthetics; typewriting authors rejected the literary precepts of modernismo to celebrate the stridencies of mechanical writing; and young architects abandoned older building materials for the symbolic strength of reinforced concrete.
Rubén Gallo is Director of the Program in Latin American Studies and Professor in the Department of Spanish and Portuguese Languages and Cultures at Princeton University. He is the author of Freud’s Mexico (MIT Press, 2010). Awarded the Katherine Singer Kovacs Prize by the Modern Language Association, 2005
“One of the smartest, subtlest, and most compassionate books coming out of the academy to deal with the fraught issues pertaining to identity politics.” — Miwon Kwon, Department of Art History, University of California, Los Angeles “A compelling and polemically daring reassessment of blackness as an artistic genre and set of visual expressions.” — Derek Conrad Murray, Art Journal “A timely and relevant book, opening a debate that is long overdue.” — Sonya Dyer, Art Review
October — 6 x 9, 376 pp. — 22 color illus., 31 black & white illus. $16.95T/£12.95 paper 978-0-262-51493-4 cloth 2007 978-0-262-05083-8
“Gallo’s ambitious and integrative approach to cultural history results in a great many powerful insights. His eye for telling moments in design, expression, and (not least) self-invention, give this book unusual depth.” — Amy E. Slaton, The Americas
October — 9 x 8, 248 pp. — 10 color illus., 81 black & white illus. $17.95T/£13.95 paper 978-0-262-51496-5 cloth 2005 978-0-262-07264-9
NOW IN PAPER
architecture/urban studies neuroscience/Eastern philosophy
Architecture in the Experience Economy Anna Klingmann
In the twenty-first century, we must learn to look at cities not as skylines but as brandscapes and at buildings not as objects but as advertisements and destinations. In the experience economy, experience itself has become the product: we’re no longer consuming objects but sensations, even lifestyles. In the new environment of brandscapes, buildings are not about where we work and live but who we imagine ourselves to be. In Brandscapes, Anna Klingmann looks critically at the controversial practice of branding by examining its benefits and considering the damage it may do. How can architects use branding as a means to differentiate places from the inside out — and not, as current development practices seem to dictate, from the outside in? When architecture brings together ecology, economics, and social well-being to help people and places regain self-sufficiency, writes Klingmann, it can be a catalyst for cultural and economic transformation.
Anna Klingmann, an architect and critic, is the founder and principal of KL!NGMANN, an agency for architecture and brand building in New York. Her work has been published in AD Magazine, Daidalos, Architectural Record, Architecture d’Aujourd’hui, and other periodicals.
Reviewing Recent Developments in Meditation and States of Consciousness James H. Austin, M.D.
This sequel to the widely read Zen and the Brain continues James Austin’s explorations into the key interrelationships between Zen Buddhism and brain research. In Zen-Brain Reflections, Austin, a clinical neurologist, researcher, and Zen practitioner, examines the evolving psychological processes and brain changes associated with the path of longrange meditative training. Austin draws not only on the latest neuroscience research and new neuroimaging studies but also on Zen literature and his personal experience with alternate states of consciousness. Austin envisions novel links between migraines and metaphors, moonlight and mysticism. The Zen perspective on the self and consciousness is an ancient one. Readers will discover how relevant Zen is to the neurosciences, and how each field can illuminate the other.
James H. Austin is Clinical Professor of Neurology, University of Missouri Health Science Center, and Emeritus Professor of Neurology, University of Colorado Health Science Center. He is the author of Zen and the Brain (1999), Selfless Insight (2009), and Chase, Chance, and Creativity (2003), all published by the MIT Press.
“ Brandscapes is the first architecture book that takes the Experience Economy as its premise to show architects — and by extension designers, engineers, and indeed all experience stagers — how to create places that are authentic, meaningful, and engaging.” — B. Joseph Pine II and James H. Gilmore, coauthors, The Experience Economy and Authenticity: What Consumers Really Want “ Brandscapes bravely argues for a public architecture to re-create delight, challenging designers to bring together the wow factor of consumer culture and people’s desire to belong.” — Sharon Zukin, author of The Cultures of Cities
October — 7 x 9, 378 pp. — 111 illus. $19.95T/£14.95 paper 978-0-262-51503-0 cloth 2007 978-0-262-11303-8
“With virtuosity Austin melds the discourses of neuroscience and Zen meditation to tell a story that could not belong to either alone.” — D. V. Feldman, Choice “It is simply the best description of Zen experiences I have ever come across. . . With these two books, Austin has become my roshi.” — Taede A. Smedes, ESSSAT News
October — 7 x 9, 616 pp. — 11 illus. $22.00T/£16.95 paper 978-0-262-51485-9 cloth 2006 978-0-262-01223-2
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Economic Possibilities for our Grandchildren edited by Lorenzo Pecchi and Gustavo Piga
In 1931 distinguished economist John Maynard Keynes published a short essay, “Economic Possibilities for Our Grandchildren,” in his collection Essays in Persuasion. In the essay, he expressed optimism for the economic future despite the doldrums of the post-World War I years and the onset of the Great Depression. Keynes imagined that by 2030 the standard of living would be dramatically higher; people, liberated from want (and without the desire to consume for the sake of consumption), would work no more than fifteen hours a week, devoting the rest of their time to leisure and culture. In Revisiting Keynes, leading contemporary economists (including four Nobel laureates) consider what Keynes got right in his essay — the rise in the standard of living, for example — and what he got wrong — such as a shortened work week and consumer satiation. In so doing, they raise challenging questions about the world economy and contemporary lifestyles in the twenty-first century. Keynes’s short essay — usually seen as a minor divertissement compared to his other more influential works — becomes the catalyst for a lively debate among some of today’s top economists about economic growth, inequality, wealth, work, leisure, culture, and consumerism.
Lorenzo Pecchi is Managing Director at UniCredit Markets and Investment Banking Division and Adjunct Professor at the University of Rome Tor Vergata. Gustavo Piga is Professor of Economics at the University of Rome Tor Vergata.
David Neumark and William L. Wascher
Over the years, the minimum wage has been popular with the public, controversial in the political arena, and the subject of vigorous debate among economists over its costs and benefits. In this book, David Neumark and William Wascher offer a comprehensive overview of the evidence on the economic effects of minimum wages. Synthesizing nearly two decades of their own research and reviewing other research that touches on the same questions, Neumark and Wascher discuss the effects of minimum wages on employment and hours, the acquisition of skills, the wage and income distributions, longer-term labor market outcomes, prices, and the aggregate economy. Arguing that the usual focus on employment effects is too limiting, they present a broader, empirically based inquiry that will better inform policymakers about the costs and benefits of the minimum wage. Based on their comprehensive reading of the evidence, Neumark and Wascher argue that minimum wages do not achieve the main goals set forth by their supporters. The authors argue that policymakers should instead look for other tools to raise the wages of low-skill workers and to provide poor families with an acceptable standard of living.
David Neumark is Professor of Economics at the University of California, Irvine. William L. Wascher is Associate Director in the Division of Research and Statistics at the Federal Reserve Board. Choice, Outstanding Academic Title, 2009
“In this book, Keynes’s essay (which says as much about his outsider-insider position in the Bloomsbury Group as anything else) serves as the ink blot in a Rorschach test for leading contemporary economists. Their interpretations of it reveal some of their underlying attitudes to economy and society, just as he revealed his when he wrote it.” — John Toye, Economic History Review
September — 6 x 9, 232 pp. — 7 illus. $15.00S/£11.95 paper 978-0-262-51511-5 cloth 2008 978-0-262-16249-4
“This is a superb book, notable for both breadth and depth of coverage, on one of the most fundamental topics in economics.” — J. P. Jacobsen, Choice “The most comprehensive and thorough review, analysis, and discussion of the minimum wage that one is likely to come across.” — Walter E. William, Regulation
September — 6 x 9, 392 pp. — 50 illus. $20.00S/£14.95 paper 978-0-262-51508-5 cloth 2008 978-0-262-14102-4 mitpress.mit.edu Fall 2010
NOW IN PAPER
economics/race studies economics/psychology
RACE AND ENTREPRENEURIAL SUCCESS
Black-, Asian-, and White-Owned Businesses in the United States Robert W. Fairlie and Alicia M. Robb
Thirteen million people in the United States — roughly one in ten workers — own a business. And yet rates of business ownership among African Americans are much lower and have been so during the last 100 years. In addition, and perhaps more important, businesses owned by African Americans tend to have lower sales, fewer employees and smaller payrolls, lower profits, and higher closure rates. In contrast, Asian American-owned businesses tend to be more successful. In Race and Entrepreneurial Success, minority entrepreneurship authorities Robert Fairlie and Alicia Robb examine racial disparities in business performance. Drawing on the rarely used, restricted-access Characteristics of Business Owners (CBO) data set compiled by the U.S. Census Bureau, Fairlie and Robb examine in particular why Asian-owned firms perform well in comparison to white-owned businesses and why black-owned firms typically do not.
Robert W. Fairlie is Professor of Economics at the University of California, Santa Cruz, and an adjunct researcher at the RAND Corporation. Alicia M. Robb is a Research Associate in Economics at the University of California, Santa Cruz, and a senior economist with Beacon Economics. Choice, Outstanding Academic Title, 2009
A Revolution in Economics Bruno S. Frey
Revolutionary developments in economics are rare. The conservative bias of the field and its enshrined knowledge make it difficult to introduce new ideas not in line with received theory. Happiness research, however, has the potential to change economics substantially. Its findings can be considered revolutionary in three respects: the measurement of experienced utility using psychologists’ tools for measuring subjective well-being; new insights into how human beings value goods and services and social conditions that include consideration of such non-material values as autonomy and social relations; and policy consequences of these new insights that suggest different ways for government to affect individual well-being. In Happiness, Bruno Frey, emphasizing empirical evidence rather than theoretical conjectures, substantiates these three revolutionary claims for happiness research. Frey examines democracy and federalism, selfemployment and volunteer work, marriage, terrorism, and watching television from the new perspective of happiness research. Frey describes how government can provide the conditions under which people can achieve well-being, arguing that effective political institutions and decentralized decision making play crucial roles.
Bruno S. Frey is Professor of Economics at the University of Zurich, Visiting Professor at the Swiss Federal Institute of Technology, and Research Director of CREMA (Center for Research in Economics, Management, and the Arts). He is coeditor of Economics and Psychology: A Promising New Cross-Disciplinary Field (MIT Press, 2007).
“This volume is required reading for anyone who wants to understand racial differences in the propensity to start and grow new businesses.” — Harvey Rosen, Department of Economics, Princeton University “The work extends beyond the entrepreneurship literature and has the potential to inform studies in sociology and economics and within business schools.” — Linda Renzulli, Administrative Science Quarterly
September — 6 x 9, 256 pp. — 17 illus. $18.00S/£13.95 paper 978-0-262-51494-1 cloth 2008 978-0-262-06281-7
“Long a pioneer in the application of psychology to economics, Bruno Frey provides a masterful synthesis of happiness research, and demonstrates both its policy value and growing challenge to economic orthodoxy.” — Richard A. Easterlin, Department of Economics, University of Southern California
September — 6 x 9, 256 pp. $19.00S/£14.95 paper 978-0-262-51495-8 cloth 2008 978-0-262-06277-0 Munich Lectures series
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economics/health policy/law bioethics/health policy
Frank A. Sloan and Lindsey M. Chepke
Most experts would agree that the current medical malpractice system in the United States does not work effectively either to compensate victims fairly or prevent injuries caused by medical errors. Policy responses to a series of medical malpractice crises have not resulted in effective reform and have not altered the fundamental incentives of the stakeholders. In Medical Malpractice, economist Frank Sloan and lawyer Lindsey Chepke examine the U.S. medical malpractice process from legal, medical, economic, and insurance perspectives, analyze past efforts at reform, and offer realistic, achievable policy recommendations. They review the considerable empirical evidence in a balanced fashion and assess objectively what works in the current system and what does not. Medical Malpractice is the most comprehensive treatment of malpractice available, integrating findings from several different areas of research and describing them accessibly in nontechnical language. It will be an essential reference for anyone interested in medical malpractice.
Frank A. Sloan is J. Alexander McMahon Professor of Health Policy and Management and Professor of Economics at Duke University. He is the coauthor of The Price of Smoking (MIT Press, 2004) and author or editor of many other books on health economics. Lindsey Chepke, an attorney, is a Research Associate at the Center for Health Policy at Duke University. Honorable Mention, 2008 PROSE Award, presented by the Association of American Publishing/Professional Scholarly Publishing
CONFLICTS OF CONSCIENCE IN HEALTH CARE
An Institutional Compromise Holly Fernandez Lynch
Physicians in the United States who refuse to perform a variety of legally permissible medical services because of their own moral objections are often protected by “conscience clauses.” These laws, on the books in nearly every state since the legalization of abortion by Roe v. Wade, shield physicians and other health professionals from such potential consequences of refusal as liability and dismissal. While some praise conscience clauses as protecting important freedoms, opponents, concerned with patient access to care, argue that professional refusals should be tolerated only when they are based on valid medical grounds. In Conflicts of Conscience in Health Care, Holly Fernandez Lynch argues that doctor-patient matching on the basis of personal moral values would eliminate, or at least minimize, many conflicts of conscience. Licensing boards would be responsible for balancing the interests of doctors and patients by ensuring a sufficient number of willing physicians such that no physician’s refusal leaves a patient entirely without access to desired medical services. This proposed solution, Lynch argues, protects both a patient’s access to care and a physician’s ability to refuse.
Holly Fernandez Lynch is a bioethicist for the Henry M. Jackson Foundation for the Advancement of Military Medicine, working under a contract with the Human Subjects Protection Branch at the Division of AIDS, within the National Institutes of Health, in Bethesda, Maryland. Choice, Outstanding Academic Title, 2009
“It is a scholarly masterpiece and is easily the definitive work on its subject.” — Maxwell J. Mehlman, New England Journal of Medicine “Will be of interest not only to medical and legal policymakers but to physicians interested in this oftentimes most personal of topics.” — Alan G. Williams, Journal of the American Medical Association
September — 6 x 9, 472 pp. — 6 illus. $21.00S/£15.95 paper 978-0-262-51516-0 cloth 2008 978-0-262-19572-0
“[Lynch’s] pragmatic approach is also innovative and refreshing in a policy arena that is often fraught with an overabundance of criticism with little substance on reform.” — Dhrubajyoti Bhattacharya, The Journal of Legal Medicine
September — 6 x 9, 368 pp. $17.00S/£12.95 paper 978-0-262-51505-4 cloth 2008 978-0-262-12305-1 Basic Bioethics series
NOW IN PAPER
new media/game studies new media/communications
The Expressive Power of Videogames Ian Bogost
Videogames are both an expressive medium and a persuasive medium; they represent how real and imagined systems work, and they invite players to interact with those systems and form judgments about them. In this innovative analysis, Ian Bogost examines the way videogames mount arguments and influence players. Drawing on the 2,500-year history of rhetoric, the study of persuasive expression, Bogost analyzes rhetoric’s unique function in software in general and videogames in particular. Bogost argues that videogames, thanks to their basic representational mode of procedurality (rule-based representations and interactions), open a new domain for persuasion; they realize a new form of rhetoric. Bogost calls this new form procedural rhetoric, a type of rhetoric tied to the core affordances of computers. He argues that videogames have a unique persuasive power: not only can videogames support existing social and cultural positions, but they can also disrupt and change those positions. He looks at three areas in which videogame persuasion has already taken form and shows considerable potential: politics, advertising, and education.
Ian Bogost is Associate Professor in the School of Literature, Communication, and Culture at the Georgia Institute of Technology and a Founding Partner at Persuasive Games LLC. He is the author of Unit Operations: An Approach to Videogame Criticism (2006) and coauthor of Newsgames: Journalism at Play (2010), both published by the MIT Press.
DIGITAL MEDIA AND DEMOCRACY
Tactics in Hard Times edited by Megan Boler
In an age of proliferating media and news sources, who has the power to define reality? When the dominant media declared the existence of WMDs in Iraq, did that make it a fact? Today, the “social Web” (sometimes known as Web 2.0, groupware, or the participatory Web) — epitomized by blogs, viral videos, and YouTube — creates new pathways for truths to emerge and makes possible new tactics for media activism. In Digital Media and Democracy, leading scholars in media and communication studies, media activists, journalists, and artists explore the contradiction at the heart of the relationship between truth and power today: the fact that the radical democratization of knowledge and multiplication of sources and voices made possible by digital media coexists with the blatant falsification of information by political and corporate powers. The book maps a new digital media landscape that features citizen journalism, The Daily Show, blogging, and alternative media. It includes not only essays by noted media scholars but also interviews with such journalists and media activists as Amy Goodman of Democracy Now!, Media Matters host Robert McChesney, and Hassan Ibrahim of Al Jazeera.
Megan Boler is Professor and Associate Chair of the Department of Theory and Policy Studies at the Ontario Institute of Studies in Education at the University of Toronto.
“Bogost’s book provides a new lens — procedural rhetoric — to use in the analysis of games and an excellent survey of the history of games of this ilk.” — Steve Jacobs, American Journal of Play “An important addition to the debate over what games are, do, and can be.” — Ernest W. Adams, game design consultant and educator
September — 7 x 9, 464 pp. — 50 illus. $19.00S/£14.95 paper 978-0-262-51488-0 cloth 2007 978-0-262-02614-7
“ Digital Media and Democracy shows how voices of dissent can come from many different quarters as people utilize the resources they have available in new and innovative ways.” — David Stuart, Online Information Review
September — 7 x 9, 480 pp. — 51 illus. $22.00S/£16.95 paper 978-0-262-51489-7 cloth 2008 978-0-262-02642-0
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Art, Activism, and Technoscience edited by Beatriz da Costa and Kavita Philip foreword by Joseph Dumit
Popular culture in this “biological century” seems to feed on proliferating representations of the fears, anxieties, and hopes around the life sciences, at a time when such basic concepts as scientific truth, race and gender identity, and the human itself are destabilized in the public eye. Tactical Biopolitics suggests that the political challenges at the intersection of life, science, and art are best addressed through a combination of artistic intervention, critical theorizing, and reflective practices. Contributing authors practice and theorize biology (Richard Lewontin, Richard Levins, Fatimah Jackson, Jonathan King), bioart (Paul Vanouse, SymbioticA, Claire Pentecost), tactical media (Critical Art Ensemble, subRosa), anthropology (Paul Rabinow, Gabriella Coleman), critical theory (Eugene Thacker), sociology (Troy Duster), science studies (Donna Haraway), health activism (Mark Harrington), feminist science fiction (Gwyneth Jones), and more.
Beatriz da Costa does interventionist art using computing and biotechnologies, and Kavita Philip studies colonialism, neoliberalism, and technoscience using history and critical theory. Both are Associate Professors at the University of California, Irvine.
edited by Oliver Grau
Digital art has become a major contemporary art form, but it has yet to achieve acceptance from mainstream cultural institutions; it is rarely collected, and seldom included in the study of art history or other academic disciplines. In MediaArtHistories, leading scholars seek to change this. They take a wider view of media art, placing it against the backdrop of art history. Their essays demonstrate that today’s media art cannot be understood through technological details alone; it cannot be understood without its history, and it must be understood in proximity to other disciplines — film, cultural and media studies, computer science, philosophy, and sciences dealing with images. Contributors trace the evolution of digital art, from thirteenth-century Islamic mechanical devices and eighteenth-century phantasmagoria, magic lanterns, and other multimedia illusions, to Marcel Duchamp’s inventions and 1960s kinetic and op art. They reexamine and redefine key media art theory terms — machine, media, exhibition — and consider the blurred lines between art products and consumer products and between art images and science images. Finally, MediaArtHistories offers an approach for an interdisciplinary, expanded image science, which demands the “trained eye” of art history.
Oliver Grau is Professor for Image Science and Dean of the Department for Cultural Studies, Donau-Universität Krems.
“ Tactical Biopolitics is a snapshot of the state-of-the-art at one of the farthest frontiers of interdisciplinary exploration.” — Cheryl A. Kerfeld, PLoS Biology “Scholars who concentrate on the nonscientific aspects of bioscience and biotechnology are often identified with ethical and legal scholarship focused on a narrow range of issues. It is therefore refreshing to find in Tactical Biopolitics a diverse collection of essays that extend the horizon of inquiry into the meanings and impacts of bioscience and biotechnology.” — David Castle, The Quarterly Review of Biology
September — 7 x 9, 536 pp. — 52 illus. $20.00S/£14.95 paper 978-0-262-51491-0 cloth 2008 978-0-262-04249-9 A Leonardo Book
“A rich selection of important texts by some of the most noteworthy figures in media art history, and together they will do much to shape the content of this new discipline.” — Charlie Gere, The Art Book
September — 7 x 9, 488 pp. — 92 illus. in color and black & white $22.00S/£16.95 paper 978-0-262-51498-9 cloth 2007 978-0-262-07279-3 A Leonardo Book
NOW IN PAPER
new media/cinema/art computer music
The Reflexive Medium Yvonne Spielmann
Video is an electronic medium, dependent on the transfer of electronic signals. Video signals are in constant movement, circulating between camera and monitor. This process of simultaneous production and reproduction makes video the most reflexive of media, distinct from both photography and film (in which the image or a sequence of images is central). Because it is processual and not bound to recording and the appearance of a “frame,” video shares properties with the computer. In this book, Yvonne Spielmann argues that video is not merely an intermediate stage between analog and digital but a medium in its own right. Video has metamorphosed from technology to medium, with a set of aesthetic languages that are specific to it, and current critical debates on new media still need to recognize this. Spielmann considers video as “transformation imagery,” acknowledging the centrality in video of the transitions between images — and the fact that these transitions are explicitly reflected in new processes.
Yvonne Spielmann is Research Professor and Chair of New Media in the School of Media, Language, and Music at the University of the West of Scotland. She lives in Glasgow and Berlin. Winner, 2009 Lewis Mumford Award for Outstanding Scholarship in the Ecology of Technics, presented by the Media Ecology Foundation (MEA)
MUSIC AND PROBABILITY
In Music and Probability, David Temperley explores issues in music perception and cognition from a probabilistic perspective. The application of probabilistic ideas to music has been pursued only sporadically over the past four decades, but the time is ripe, Temperley argues, for a reconsideration of how probabilities shape music perception and even music itself. Recent advances in the application of probability theory to other domains of cognitive modeling, coupled with new evidence and theoretical insights about the working of the musical mind, have laid the groundwork for more fruitful investigations. Temperley proposes computational models for two basic cognitive processes, the perception of key and the perception of meter, using techniques of Bayesian probabilistic modeling. Drawing on his own research and surveying recent work by others, Temperley explores a range of further issues in music and probability, including transcription, phrase perception, pattern perception, harmony, improvisation, and musical styles. Temperley’s Bayesian approach not only allows him to model the perception of meter and tonality but also sheds light on such perceptual processes as error detection, expectation, and pitch identification. Bayesian techniques also provide insights into such subtle and advanced issues as musical ambiguity, tension, and “grammaticality,” and lead to interesting and novel predictions about compositional practice and differences between musical styles.
David Temperley is Associate Professor of Music Theory at the Eastman School of Music, University of Rochester, and the author of The Cognition of Basic Musical Structures (MIT Press, 2001).
“Available for the first time in translation, Yvonne Spielmann’s Video: The Reflexive Medium provides us with a keen parsing of the specificities of video as a medium.“ — Anne Friedberg, author of The Virtual Window: From Alberti to Microsoft
September — 7 x 9, 384 pp. — 136 illus. $22.00S/£16.95 paper 978-0-262-51517-7 cloth 2008 978-0-262-19566-9 A Leonardo Book
“As he did in The Cognition of Basic Musical Structures, Temperley here challenges the frontiers of the definition of music theory and cognition.” — J. Rubin, Choice
September — 7 x 9, 256 pp. — 76 illus. $20.00S/£14.95 paper 978-0-262-51519-1 cloth 2007 978-0-262-20166-7
NOW IN PAPER
history of technology/business political science/law
THE INTERNET AND AMERICAN BUSINESS
edited by William Aspray and Paul E. Ceruzzi
When we think of the Internet, we generally think of Google, Facebook, Wikipedia, Amazon, and other sites for buying products, searching for information, downloading entertainment, chatting with friends, or posting photographs. In the academic literature about the Internet, however, these uses are rarely covered. The Internet and American Business fills this gap, picking up where most scholarly histories of the Internet leave off — with the commercialization of the Internet established and its effect on traditional business a fact of life. The chapters in this book, describing challenges successfully met by some companies and failures to adapt by others, are a first attempt to understand a dynamic and exciting period of American business history.
William Aspray is Rudy Professor of Informatics at Indiana University in Bloomington. He is the coeditor of Women and Information Technology: Research on Underrepresentation (MIT Press, 2006) and Health Informatics: A Patient-Centered Approach to Diabetes (MIT Press, 2010). Paul E. Ceruzzi is Curator of the National Air and Space Museum, Smithsonian Institution, Washington, D.C. He is the author of A History of Modern Computing (second edition, MIT Press, 2003) and Internet Alley: High Technology in Tysons Corner, 1945-2005 (MIT Press, 2008) Choice, Outstanding Academic Title, 2008
THE PRIVACY ADVOCATES
Resisting the Spread of Surveillance Colin J. Bennett
Colin Bennett is Professor in the Department of Political Science at the University of Victoria, British Columbia. He is the coauthor (with Charles Raab) of The Governance of Privacy: Policy Instruments in Global Perspective (updated paperback edition, MIT Press, 2006).
“This excellent scholarly effort successfully places e-commerce in a useful historical context.” — R. C. Singleton, Choice “An indispensable book for researchers and policymakers interested in the topic. . . . I hope that it will inspire accounts of the Internet and business in other parts of the world.” — Gerard Goggin, Prometheus
September — 7 x 9, 608 pp. — 8 illus. $27.00S/£19.95 paper 978-0-262-51481-1 cloth 2008 978-0-262-01240-9 History of Computing series
“ The Privacy Advocates will become one of the essential books for understanding privacy issues in this decade.” — Privacy Journal “A major contribution to the literature of information privacy and social movements.” — Paul M. Schwartz, School of Law, University of California, Berkeley
September — 6 x 9, 288 pp. — 11 illus. $14.00S/£10.95 paper 978-0-262-51487-3 cloth 2008 978-0-262-02638-3
NOW IN PAPER
information science/technology/publishing science, technology, and society
SCHOLARSHIP IN THE DIGITAL AGE
Information, Infrastructure, and the Internet Christine L. Borgman
Scholars in all fields now have access to an unprecedented wealth of online information, tools, and services. Although much attention has been paid to the new technologies making this possible, from digitized books to sensor networks, it is the underlying social and policy changes that will have the most lasting effect on the scholarly enterprise. In Scholarship in the Digital Age, Christine Borgman explores the technical, social, legal, and economic aspects of the kind of infrastructure that we should be building for scholarly research in the twenty-first century. No framework for the impending “data deluge” exists comparable to that for publishing. Borgman challenges the many stakeholders in the scholarly infrastructure to look beyond their own domains to address the interaction of technical, legal, economic, social, political, and disciplinary concerns.
Christine L. Borgman is Professor and Presidential Chair in Information Studies at the University of California, Los Angeles. She is the author of From Gutenberg to the Global Information Infrastructure: Access to Information in the Networked World (MIT Press, 2000). Winner, 2008 Best Information Science Book Award, presented by the American Society for Information Science and Technology (ASIST)
Innovation in a Fragile Future Helga Nowotny translated by Mitch Cohen
Curiosity is the main driving force behind scientific activity. Scientific curiosity, insatiable in its explorations, does not know what it will find, or where it will lead. Innovation, argues influential European science studies scholar Helga Nowotny, tames the passion of science, harnessing it to produce “deliverables.” Science brings uncertainties; innovation successfully copes with them. Society calls for both the passion for knowledge and its taming. This ambivalence, Nowotny contends, is an inevitable result of modernity. In Insatiable Curiosity, Nowotny explores the strands of the often unexpected intertwining of science and technology and society. Our dilemma is how to balance the immense but unpredictable potential of science and technology with our acknowledgment that not everything that can be done should be done. We can escape the old polarities of utopias and dystopias, writes Nowotny, by accepting our ambivalence — as a legacy of modernism and a positive cultural resource.
Helga Nowotny, one of the leading European voices in Science Studies, is President of the European Research Council and Chair, Scientific Advisory Board, University of Vienna.
“Science policy-makers would do well to refer to this book in framing their aspirations for a scholarly infrastructure.” — Richard Akerman, Nature “Comprehensive, comprehensible and authoritative.” — David Bawden, Journal of Documentation
September — 6 x 9, 360 pp.— 4 illus. $20.00S/£14.95 paper 978-0-262-51490-3 cloth 2007 978-0-262-02619-2
“A voice of distinctive elegance, clarity, and sophistication. . . . A little book full of big ideas, Insatiable Curiosity is something to think with and through.” — Edward J. Hackett, Science “Acknowledging the disorienting forces of change, Nowotny nevertheless presents an eloquent, erudite argument for embracing the future in all its ambiguity.” — Sheila Jasanoff, Pforzheimer Professor of Science and Technology Studies, Harvard Kennedy School
September — 5 3/8 x 8, 200 pp. $15.00S/£11.95 paper 978-0-262-51510-8 cloth 2008 978-0-262-14103-1 Inside Technology series
NOW IN PAPER
cognitive science cognitive science/education
CREATING SCIENTIFIC CONCEPTS
Nancy J. Nersessian
How do novel scientific concepts arise? In Creating Scientific Concepts, Nancy Nersessian seeks to answer this central but virtually unasked question in the problem of conceptual change. She argues that the popular image of novel concepts and profound insight bursting forth in a blinding flash of inspiration is mistaken. Instead, novel concepts are shown to arise out of the interplay of three factors: an attempt to solve specific problems; the use of conceptual, analytical, and material resources provided by the cognitive-social-cultural context of the problem; and dynamic processes of reasoning that extend ordinary cognition. Nersessian’s investigations of historical scientific practices show conceptual change as deriving from the use of analogies, imagistic representations, and thought experiments, integrated with experimental investigations and mathematical analyses. She presents a view of constructed models as hybrid objects, serving as intermediaries between targets and analogical sources in bootstrapping processes. She argues that these complex cognitive operations and structures are not mere aids to discovery, but that together they constitute a powerful form of reasoning — model-based reasoning — that generates novelty.
Nancy J. Nersessian is Regents’ Professor of Cognitive Science in the School of Interactive Computing at Georgia Institute of Technology. She is the author of Faraday to Einstein: Constructing Meaning in Scientific Theories, and numerous articles on the creative reasoning practices of scientists and on science learning.
APPLYING COGNITIVE SCIENCE TO EDUCATION
Thinking and Learning in Scientific and Other Complex Domains Frederick Reif
Many students find it difficult to master the kinds of knowledge and thinking required by college or high school courses in mathematics, science, or other complex domains. Thus they often emerge with significant misconceptions, fragmented knowledge, and inadequate problem-solving skills. Most instructors or textbook authors approach their teaching efforts with a good knowledge of their field of expertise but little awareness of the underlying thought processes and kinds of knowledge required for learning in scientific domains. In this book, Frederick Reif presents an accessible coherent introduction to some of the cognitive issues important for thinking and learning in scientific or other complex domains (such as mathematics, physics, chemistry, engineering, or expository writing). Reif examines with some care the kinds of knowledge and thought processes needed for good performance; discusses the difficulties faced by students trying to deal with unfamiliar scientific domains; describes some explicit teaching methods that can help students learn the requisite knowledge and thinking skills; and indicates how such methods can be implemented by instructors or textbook authors.
Frederick Reif is Emeritus Professor of Physics and Education at Carnegie Mellon University and the University of California, Berkeley.
“The book is a tour de force by a great cognitive scientist of science.” — George Lakoff, Richard and Rhoda Goldman Distinguished Professor of Cognitive Science and Linguistics, University of California, Berkeley
September — 6 x 9, 272 pp. — 55 illus. $13.95S/£10.95 paper 978-0-262-51507-8 cloth 2008 978-0-262-14105-5 A Bradford Book
“A veritable gold mine for all those who teach physics or mathematics at high-school or college level. . . . A broad range of academics will find Applying Cognitive Science to Education intellectually stimulating.” — Elspeth Stern, Science
September — 6 x 9, 496 pp. — 82 illus. $20.00S/£14.95 paper 978-0-262-51514-6 cloth 978-0-262-18263-8 A Bradford Book
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philosophy/cognitive science cognitive science/linguistics
Agency, Folk Psychology, and the Human Sciences Karsten R. Stueber
In this timely and wide-ranging study, Karsten Stueber argues that empathy is epistemically central to our folk-psychological understanding of other agents — that it is something we cannot do without in order to gain understanding of other minds. Setting his argument in the context of contemporary philosophy of mind and the interdisciplinary debate about the nature of our mindreading abilities, Stueber counters objections raised by some in the philosophy of social science and argues that it is time to rehabilitate the empathy thesis. Stueber addresses the plausible philosophical misgivings about empathy that have been responsible for its failure to gain widespread philosophical acceptance. Crucial in this context is his defense of the assumption, very much contested in contemporary philosophy of mind, that the notion of rational agency is at the core of folk psychology. Empathy theorists, Stueber writes, should be prepared to admit that, although empathy can be regarded as the central default mode for understanding other agents, there are certain limitations in its ability to make sense of other agents; and there are supplemental theoretical strategies available to overcome these limitations.
Karsten R. Stueber is Associate Professor of Philosophy at the College of the Holy Cross.
ORIGINS OF HUMAN COMMUNICATION
Human communication is grounded in fundamentally cooperative, even shared, intentions. In this original and provocative account of the evolutionary origins of human communication, Michael Tomasello connects the fundamentally cooperative structure of human communication (initially discovered by Paul Grice) to the especially cooperative structure of human (as opposed to other primate) social interaction. Drawing on empirical research into gestural and vocal communication by great apes and human infants (much of it conducted by his own research team), Tomasello argues that humans’ cooperative communication emerged first in the natural gestures of pointing and pantomiming. Conventional communication, first gestural and then vocal, evolved only after humans already possessed these natural gestures and their shared intentionality infrastructure along with skills of cultural learning for creating and passing along jointly understood communicative conventions. Challenging the Chomskian view that linguistic knowledge is innate, Tomasello proposes instead that the most fundamental aspects of uniquely human communication are biological adaptations for cooperative social interaction in general and that the purely linguistic dimensions of human communication are cultural conventions and constructions created by and passed along within particular cultural groups.
Michael Tomasello is Codirector of the Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology, Leipzig. He is the author of The Cultural Origins of Human Cognition and Why We Cooperate (MIT Press, 2009). Winner of the 2009 Eleanor Maccoby Book Award in Developmental Psychology, presented by the American Psychological Association September — 5 3/8 x 8, 408 pp. $18.00S/£13.95 paper 978-0-262-51520-7 cloth 2008 978-0-262-20177-3 Jean Nicod Lectures
“Karsten R. Stueber’s Rediscovering Empathy is a sustained and powerfully argued critique. . . . Important and well-argued.” — Philosophical Investigations “An ambitious new account of the simulation theory of folk psychology. . . . A forceful, novel, and engaging defense.” — Mind
September — 6 x 9, 288 pp. $19.00S/£14.95 paper 978-0-262-51518-4 cloth 2006 978-0-262-19550-8 A Bradford Book
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linguistics/cognitive neuroscience neuroscience
THE BOUNDARIES OF BABEL
The Brain and the Enigma of Impossible Languages Andrea Moro foreword by Noam Chomsky
In The Boundaries of Babel, Andrea Moro tells the story of an encounter between two cultures: contemporary theoretical linguistics and the cognitive neurosciences. The study of language within a biological context has been ongoing for more than fifty years. The development of neuroimaging technology offers new opportunities to enrich the “biolinguistic perspective” and extend it beyond an abstract framework for inquiry. As a leading theoretical linguist in the generative tradition and also a cognitive scientist schooled in the new imaging technology, Moro is uniquely equipped to explore this. Moro searches for neurobiological correlates of “the boundaries of Babel” — the constraints on the apparent chaotic variation in human languages — by using an original experimental design based on artificial languages. He offers a critical overview of some of the fundamental results from linguistics over the last fifty years, then uses these essential aspects of language to examine two neuroimaging experiments in which he took part — making it clear that techniques and machines do not provide interesting data without a sound theoretical framework.
Andrea Moro is Professor of General Linguistics at the Vita-Salute San Raffaele University in Milan.
DYSLEXIA, LEARNING, AND THE BRAIN
Roderick I. Nicolson and Angela J. Fawcett
Dyslexia research has made dramatic progress since the mid-1980s. Once discounted as a “middle-class myth,” dyslexia is now the subject of a complex — and confusing — body of theoretical and empirical research. In Dyslexia, Learning, and the Brain, leading dyslexia researchers Rod Nicolson and Angela Fawcett provide a uniquely broad and coherent analysis of dyslexia theory. Unlike most dyslexia research, which addresses the question “what is the cause of the reading disability called dyslexia?” the authors have addressed the deeper question of “what is the cause of the learning disability that manifests as reading problems?” This perspective allows them to place dyslexia research within the much broader disciplines of cognitive psychology and cognitive neuroscience and has led to a rich framework, including two established leading theories, the automatization deficit account (1990) and the cerebellar deficit hypothesis (2001). The authors’ answer to the fundamental question “what is dyslexia?” offers a challenge and motivation for research throughout the learning disabilities, laying the foundations for future progress.
Roderick I. Nicolson is Professor of Psychology and Dean of the Faculty of Pure Science at the University of Sheffield. Angela J. Fawcett was Reader in Dyslexia at the University of Sheffield and is now Professor of Child Research and Director of the Centre for Child Research at Swansea University.
“A lucid introduction to these exciting areas, superbly informed and imaginatively presented, with intriguing implications well beyond biolinguistics. . . . A rare achievement.” — from the foreword by Noam Chomsky
September — 6 x 9, 280 pp. — 18 illus. $19.00S/£14.95 paper 978-0-262-51506-1 cloth 2008 978-0-262-13498-6 Current Studies in Linguistics 49
“Nicholson and Fawcett have, over the years, challenged and engaged the dyslexia community. Their voice in this text should be heard clearly by any student of the field — young or old.” — Jeffrey W. Gilger, Associate Dean for Discovery and Faculty Development, Purdue University, and Chair, Research Subcommittee, the International Dyslexia Association
September — 6 x 9, 304 pp. — 50 illus. $20.00S/£14.95 paper 978-0-262-51509-2 cloth 2008 978-0-262-14099-7
NOW IN PAPER
vision/cognitive science/neuroscience computer science/artificial intelligence
Its Unique Place in Visual Perception Zygmunt Pizlo
The uniqueness of shape as a perceptual property lies in the fact that it is both complex and structured. Shapes are perceived veridically — perceived as they really are in the physical world, regardless of the orientation from which they are viewed. The constancy of the shape percept is the sine qua non of shape perception; you are not actually studying shape if constancy cannot be achieved with the stimulus you are using. Shape is the only perceptual attribute of an object that allows unambiguous identification. In this first book devoted exclusively to the perception of shape by humans and machines, Zygmunt Pizlo describes how we perceive shapes and how to design machines that can see shapes as we do. Pizlo argues that once shape is understood to be unique among visual attributes and the perceptual mechanisms underlying shape are seen to be different from other perceptual mechanisms, the research on shape becomes coherent and experimental findings no longer seem to contradict each other. He offers a new theoretical treatment that explains how a three-dimensional shape percept is produced from a two-dimensional retinal image, assuming only that the image has been organized into two-dimensional shapes.
Zygmunt Pizlo is Professor of Psychological Sciences and Electrical and Computer Engineering (by courtesy) at Purdue University. Choice, Outstanding Academic Title, 2008
THE ALLURE OF MACHINIC LIFE
Cybernetics, Artificial Life, and the New AI John Johnston
In The Allure of Machinic Life, John Johnston examines new forms of nascent life that emerge through technical interactions within human-constructed environments — “machinic life” — in the sciences of cybernetics, artificial life, and artificial intelligence. With the development of such research initiatives as the evolution of digital organisms, computer immune systems, artificial protocells, evolutionary robotics, and swarm systems, Johnston argues, machinic life has achieved a complexity and autonomy worthy of study in its own right. Drawing on the publications of scientists as well as a range of work in contemporary philosophy and cultural theory, but always with the primary focus on the “objects at hand” — the machines, programs, and processes that constitute machinic life — Johnston shows how they come about, how they operate, and how they are already changing. This understanding is a necessary first step, he further argues, that must precede speculation about the meaning and cultural implications of these new forms of life.
John Johnston is Professor of English and Comparative Literature at Emory University in Atlanta. He is the author of Carnival of Repetition and Information Multiplicity.
“Johnston has done a magnificent job of surveying and digesting the vast literature and producing an extraordinarily clear account of this topic.” — C. Tappert, Choice “John Johnston is to be applauded for his engaging and eminently readable assessment of the new, interdisciplinary sciences aimed at designing and building complex, life-like, intelligent machines.” — Mark Bedau, Professor of Philosophy and Humanities, Reed College, and editor-in-chief, Artificial Life
September — 6 x 9, 480 pp. — 51 illus. $20.00S/£14.95 paper 978-0-262-51502-3 cloth 2008 978-0-262-10126-4
“This very accessible book is a must-read for those interested in issues of object perception. . . . An important work.” — R. Duncan Luce, Distinguished Research Professor of Cognitive Science, University of California, Irvine
September — 6 x 9, 296 pp. — 73 illus. $20.00S/£14.95 paper 978-0-262-51513-9 cloth 2008 978-0-262-16251-7
history of computing/business history
THE COMPUTER BOYS TAKE OVER
Computers, Programmers, and the Politics of Technical Expertise Nathan L. Ensmenger
Like all great social and technological developments, the “computer revolution” of the twentieth century didn’t just happen. People — not impersonal processes — made it happen. In The Computer Boys Take Over, Nathan Ensmenger describes the emergence of the technical specialists — computer programmers, systems analysts, and data processing managers — who helped transform the electronic digital computer from a scientific curiosity into the most powerful and ubiquitous technology of the modern era. They did so not as inventors from the traditional mold, but as the developers of the “software” (broadly defined to include programs, procedures, and practices) that integrated the novel technology of electronic computing into existing social, political, and technological networks. As mediators between the technical system (the computer) and its social environment (existing structures and practices), these specialists became a focus for opposition to the use of new information technologies. To many of their contemporaries, it seemed the “computer boys” were taking over, not just in the corporate setting, but also in government, politics, and society in general. Ensmenger follows the rise of the computer boys as they struggled to establish a role for themselves within traditional organizational, professional, and academic hierarchies. He describes the tensions that emerged between the craft-centered practices of vocational programmers, the increasingly theoretical agenda of academic computer science, and the desire of corporate managers to control and routinize the process of software development. In doing so, he provides a human perspective on what is too often treated as a purely technological phenomenon.
Nathan L. Ensmenger is Assistant Professor of the History and Sociology of Science at the University of Pennsylvania. The contentious history of the computer programmers who developed the software that made the computer revolution possible.
September 6 x 9, 336 pp. 16 illus. $30.00S/£22.95 cloth 978-0-262-05093-7 History of Computing series
Also available GRACE HOPPER AND THE INVENTION OF THE INFORMATION AGE Kurt W. Beyer 2009, 978-0-262-01310-9 $27.95T/£20.95 cloth
political science/Internet studies current affairs/technology
NETWORKS AND STATES
The Global Politics of Internet Governance Milton L. Mueller
When the prevailing system of governing divides the planet into mutually exclusive territorial monopolies of force, what institutions can govern the Internet, with its transnational scope, boundless scale, and distributed control? Given filtering-cenHow institutions for sorship by states and concerns Internet governance are emerging from over national cyber-security, the tension between it is often assumed that the the territorially bound Internet will inevitably be subnation-state and ordinated to the traditional a transnational network society. system of nation-states. In Networks and States, Milton Mueller counters this, showing how Internet governance poses novel and fascinating governance issues that give rise to a global politics and new transnational institutions. Drawing on theories of networked governance, Mueller provides a broad overview of Internet governance from the formation of ICANN to the clash at the World Summit on the Information Society (WSIS), the formation of the Internet Governance Forum, the global assault on peerto-peer file sharing and the rise of national-level Internet control and security concerns. Internet governance has become a source of conflict in international relations. Networks and States explores the important role that emerging transnational institutions could play in fostering global governance of communication-information policy.
Milton L. Mueller is Professor at Syracuse University’s School of Information Studies and XS4All Professor at Delft University of Technology, the Netherlands. He is the author of Ruling the Root: Internet Governance and the Taming of Cyberspace (MIT Press, 2002) and other books. October — 6 x 9, 280 pp. — 7 illus. $32.00S/£25.95 cloth 978-0-262-01459-5 Information Revolution and Global Politics series
Biometric Technology and Society Lisa S. Nelson
The use of biometric technology for identification has gone from Orwellian fantasy to everyday reality. This technology, which verifies or recognizes a person’s identity based on physiological, anatomical, or behavioral patterns (including fingerAn examination of the prints, retina, handwriting, and public’s perceptions of biometric identification keystrokes) has been deployed technology in the context for such purposes as combatof privacy, security, and ing welfare fraud, screening civil liberties. airplane passengers, and identifying terrorists. The accompanying controversy has pitted those who praise the technology’s accuracy and efficiency against advocates for privacy and civil liberties. In America Identified, Lisa Nelson investigates the complex public responses to biometric technology. She uses societal perceptions of this particular identification technology to explore the values, beliefs, and ideologies that influence public acceptance of technology. Drawing on her own extensive research with focus groups and a national survey, Nelson finds that considerations of privacy, anonymity, trust and confidence in institutions, and the legitimacy of paternalistic government interventions are extremely important to users and potential users of the technology. She examines the long history of government systems of identification and the controversies they have inspired; the effect of the information technology revolution and the events of September 11, 2001; the normative value of privacy (as opposed to its merely legal definition); the place of surveillance technologies in a civil society; trust in government and distrust in the expanded role of government; and the balance between the need for government to act to prevent harm and the possible threat to liberty in government’s actions.
Lisa S. Nelson teaches in the Graduate School of Public and International Affairs at the University of Pittsburgh. December — 6 x 9, 200 pp. — 26 illus. $32.00S/£23.95 cloth 978-0-262-01477-9
science, technology, and society history of technology
TRADING ZONES AND INTERACTIONAL EXPERTISE
Creating New Kinds of Collaboration edited by Michael E. Gorman
Cross-disciplinary collaboration increasingly characterizes today’s science and engineering research. The problems and opportunities facing society do not come neatly sorted by discipline. A proposal for a new framework for fostering Difficulties arise when collaborations across researchers from disciplines as disciplines, addressing different as engineering and both theory and practical the humanities work together applications. and find that they speak largely different languages. This book explores a new framework for fostering collaborations among existing disciplines and expertise communities. The framework unites two ideas to emerge from recent work in STS: trading zones, in which scientific subcultures, each with its own language, develop the equivalents of pidgin and creole; and interactional expertise, in which experts learn to use the language of another research community in ways that are indistinguishable from expert practitioners of that community. A trading zone can gradually become a new area of expertise, facilitated by interactional expertise and involving negotiations over boundary objects (objects represented in different ways by different participants). The volume describes applications of the framework to service science, business strategy, environmental management, education, and practical ethics. One detailed case study focuses on attempts to create trading zones that would help prevent marine bycatch; another investigates trading zones formed to market the female condom to women in Africa; another describes how humanists embedded in a nanotechnology laboratory gained interactional expertise, resulting in improved research results for both humanists and nanoscientists.
Michael E. Gorman is Professor in the Department of Science, Technology, and Society at the University of Virginia. He is the author of Simulating Science and Transforming Nature. November — 6 x 9, 352 pp. — 23 illus. $30.00S/£22.95 paper 978-0-262-51483-5 $60.00S/£44.95 cloth 978-0-262-01472-4 Inside Technology series
RECONCEPTUALIZING THE INDUSTRIAL REVOLUTION
edited by Jeff Horn, Leonard N. Rosenband, and Merritt Roe Smith
This collection of essays offers new perspectives on the Industrial Revolution as a global phenomenon. The fifteen contributors go beyond the longstanding view of industrialization as Closely linked essays a linear process marked by examine distinctive national patterns of discrete stages. Instead, they industrialization. examine a lengthy and creative period in the history of industrialization, 1750 to 1914, reassessing the nature of and explanations for England’s industrial primacy, and comparing significant industrial developments in countries ranging from China to Brazil. Each chapter explores a distinctive national production ecology, a complex blend of natural resources, demographic pressures, cultural impulses, technological assets, and commercial practices. At the same time, the chapters also reveal the portability of skilled workers and the permeability of political borders. By exploring unique national patterns of industrialization as well as reciprocal exchanges and furtive borrowing among these states, the book refreshes the discussion of early industrial transformations and raises issues still relevant in today’s era of globalization.
Jeff Horn is Associate Professor of History at Manhattan College and the author of three books, including The Path Not Taken: French Industrialization in the Age of Revolution, 1750-1839 (MIT Press, 2006). Leonard N. Rosenband is Professor of History at Utah State University and the author of Papermaking in Eighteenth-Century France: Management, Labor, and Revolution at the Montgolfier Mill, 1761-1805. Merritt Roe Smith is Cutten Professor of the History of Technology at MIT and the author or editor of six books, most recently Inventing America: A History of the United States. October — 6 x 9, 336 pp. $40.00S/£29.95 paper 978-0-262-51562-7 Dibner Institute Studies in the History of Science and Technology
information technology/health philosophy of mind/cognitive science/psychology
A Patient-Centered Approach to Diabetes edited by Barbara M. Hayes and William Aspray
The healthcare industry has been slow to join the information technology revolution; handwritten records are still the primary means of organizing patient care. Concerns about patient privacy, the difficulty of developing appropriate computing Experts in technology tools and information technoland medicine use diabetes to illustrate ogy, high costs, and the resisthow the tools of ance of some physicians and information technology can improve patient care. nurses have hampered the use of technology in health care. In 2009, the U.S. government committed billions of dollars to health care technology. Many questions remain, however, about how to deploy these resources. In Health Informatics, experts in technology, joined by clinicians, use diabetes — a costly, complex, and widespread disease that involves nearly every facet of the health care system — to examine the challenges of using the tools of information technology to improve patient care. Unlike other books on medical informatics that discuss such topics as computerized order entry and digital medical records, Health Informatics focuses on the patient, charting the information problems patients encounter in different stages of the disease. We need both technologists and providers at the drawing board in order to design and deploy effective digital tools for health care. This book examines and exemplifies this necessary collaboration.
Barbara M. Hayes is Associate Dean for Administration and Planning at Indiana University School of Informatics at Indiana University–Purdue University Indianapolis. William Aspray is Bill and Lewis Suit Professor of Information Technologies in the School of Information at the University of Texas at Austin. He is the coeditor of Women and Information Technology: Research on Underrepresentation (2006) and The Internet and American Business (2008), both published by the MIT Press. October — 7 x 9, 384 pp. — 45 illus. $40.00S/£29.95 cloth 978-0-262-01432-8
OUR OWN MINDS
Sociocultural Grounds for Self-Consciousness Radu J. Bogdan
In Our Own Minds, Radu Bogdan takes a developmental perspective on consciousness — its functional design in particular — and proposes that children’s functional capacity for consciousness is assembled during development out of a variety of ontoAn argument that in response to sociocultural genetic adaptations that pressures, human minds respond mostly to sociocultural develop self-consciouschallenges specific to distinct ness by activating a stages of childhood. Young complex machinery human minds develop selfof self-regulation. consciousness — in the broad sense of being conscious of the self ’s mental and behavioral relatedness to the world — because they face extraordinary and escalating sociocultural pressures that cannot be handled without setting in motion a complex executive machinery of self-regulation under the guidance of an increasingly sophisticated intuitive psychology. Bogdan argues that the sociocultural tasks and practices that children must assimilate and engage in competently demand the development of an intuitive psychology (also known as theory of mind or mind reading); the intuitive psychology assembles a suite of executive abilities (intending, controlling, monitoring, and so on) that install self-consciousness and drive its development. Understanding minds, first the minds of others and then our own, drives the development of self-consciousness, world-bound or extrovert at the beginning and later mind-bound or introvert. This asymmetric development of the intuitive psychology drives a commensurate asymmetric development of self-consciousness.
Radu J. Bogdan is Professor of Philosophy and Cognitive Science and Director of the Cognitive Studies Program at Tulane University and Visiting Professor of Philosophy and Psychology at Bilkent University, Ankara, Turkey. He is the author of Interpreting Minds (MIT Press, 1997) and other books. October — 6 x 9, 216 pp. $32.00S/£23.95 cloth 978-0-262-02637-6 A Bradford Book
philosophy of mind/cognitive science
THE NEW SCIENCE OF THE MIND
From Extended Mind to Embodied Phenomenology Mark Rowlands
There is a new way of thinking about the mind that does not locate mental processes exclusively “in the head.” Some think that this expanded conception of the mind will be the basis of a new science of the mind. In this book, leading philosopher Mark Rowlands investigates the conceptual foundations of this new science. Traditional attempts to study the mind are based on the idea that mental processes — perceiving, remembering, thinking, reasoning — exist in brains; they are often described as “software” realized by the “hardware” of the brain. The new way of thinking about the mind has emerged from the confluence of various disciplines in cognitive science ranging from perceptual and developmental psychology to robotics. It emphasizes the ways in which mental processes are embodied (partly made up of extra-neural bodily structures and processes), embedded (designed to function in tandem with the environment), enacted (constituted in part by action), and extended (located in the environment). The new way of thinking about the mind, Rowlands writes, is actually an old way of thinking that has taken on new form. Rowlands describes a conception of mind that had its clearest expression in phenomenology — in the work of Husserl, Heidegger, Sartre, and Merleau-Ponty. He builds on these views, clarifies and renders consistent the ideas of embodied, embedded, enacted, and extended mind, and develops a unified philosophical treatment of the novel conception of the mind that underlies the new science of the mind.
Mark Rowlands is Professor of Philosophy at the University of Miami. He is the author of The Body in Mind: Understanding Cognitive Processes, Body Language: Representation in Action (MIT Press, 2006), The Philosopher and the Wolf, and other books. An investigation into the conceptual foundations of a new way of thinking about the mind that does not locate all cognition “in the head.”
October 6 x 9, 248 pp. $35.00S/£25.95 cloth 978-0-262-01455-7 A Bradford Book
philosophy of mind/cognitive science philosophy
Toward a New Paradigm for Cognitive Science edited by John Stewart, Olivier Gapenne, and Ezequiel A. Di Paolo
This book presents the framework for a new, comprehensive approach to cognitive science. The proposed paradigm, enaction, offers an alternative to cognitive science’s classical, first-generaA comprehensive tion Computational Theory presentation of an approach that proposes a of Mind (CTM). Enaction, new account of cognition first articulated by Varela, at levels from the Thompson, and Rosch in The cellular to the social. Embodied Mind (MIT Press, 1991), breaks from CTM’s formalisms of information processing and symbolic representations to view cognition as grounded in the sensorimotor dynamics of the interactions between a living organism and its environment. A living organism enacts the world it lives in; its embodied action in the world constitutes its perception and thereby grounds its cognition. Enaction offers a range of perspectives on this exciting new approach to embodied cognitive science. Some chapters offer manifestos for the enaction paradigm; others address specific areas of research, including artificial intelligence, developmental psychology, neuroscience, language, phenomenology, and culture and cognition. Three themes emerge as testimony to the originality and specificity of enaction as a paradigm: the relation between first-person lived experience and third-person natural science; the ambition to provide an encompassing framework applicable at levels from the cell to society; and the difficulties of reflexivity. Taken together, the chapters offer nothing less than the framework for a far-reaching renewal of cognitive science.
John Stewart is a Scientific Consultant and Olivier Gapenne is Assistant Professor at the University of Technology of Compiègne, France. Ezequiel A. Di Paolo is Ikerbasque Research Professor at the University of the Basque Country, Spain. January — 6 x 9, 472 pp. — 31 illus. $40.00S/£29.95 cloth 978-0-262-01460-1 A Bradford Book
CAUSING HUMAN ACTIONS
New Perspectives on the Causal Theory of Action edited by Jesús H. Aguilar and Andrei A. Buckareff
The causal theory of action (CTA) is widely recognized in the literature of the philosophy of action as the “standard story” of human action Leading figures and agency — the nearest working in the approximation in the field to philosophy of action debate foundational a theoretical orthodoxy. This issues relating to the volume brings together leading causal theory of action. figures working in action theory today to discuss issues relating to the CTA and its applications, which range from experimental philosophy to moral psychology. Some of the contributors defend the theory while others criticize it; some draw from historical sources while others focus on recent developments; some rely on the tools of analytic philosophy while others cite the latest empirical research on human action. All agree, however, on the centrality of the CTA in the philosophy of action. The contributors first consider metaphysical issues, then reasons-explanations of action, and, finally, new directions for thinking about the CTA. They discuss such topics as the tenability of some alternatives to the CTA; basic causal deviance; the etiology of action; teleologism and anticausalism; and the compatibility of the CTA with theories of embodied cognition. Two contributors engage in an exchange of views on intentional omissions that stretches over four essays, directly responding to each other in their follow-up essays. As the action-oriented perspective becomes more influential in philosophy of mind and philosophy of cognitive science, this volume offers a long-needed debate over foundational issues.
Jesús H. Aguilar is Associate Professor of Philosophy at Rochester Institute of Technology. Andrei A. Buckareff is Assistant Professor of Philosophy at Marist College. October — 6 x 9, 336 pp. — 2 illus. $35.00S/£25.95 paper 978-0-262-51476-7 $70.00S/£51.95 cloth 978-0-262-01456-4 A Bradford Book
philosophy of science
BACK IN PRINT
Decomposition and Localization as Strategies in Scientific Research William Bechtel and Robert C. Richardson
In Discovering Complexity, William Bechtel and Robert Richardson examine two heuristics that guided the development of mechanistic An analysis of two models in the life sciences: heuristic strategies decomposition and localizafor the development of mechanistic models, tion. Drawing on historical illustrated with cases from disciplines including historical examples cell biology, cognitive neurofrom the life sciences. science, and genetics, they identify a number of “choice points” that life scientists confront in developing mechanistic explanations and show how different choices result in divergent explanatory models. Describing decomposition as the attempt to differentiate functional and structural components of a system and localization as the assignment of responsibility for specific functions to specific structures, Bechtel and Richardson examine the usefulness of these heuristics as well as their fallibility — the sometimes false assumption underlying them that nature is significantly decomposable and hierarchically organized. When Discovering Complexity was originally published in 1993, few philosophers of science perceived the centrality of seeking mechanisms to explain phenomena in biology, relying instead on the model of nomological explanation advanced by the logical positivists (a model Bechtel and Richardson found to be utterly inapplicable to the examples from the life sciences in their study). Since then, mechanism and mechanistic explanation have become widely discussed. In a substantive new introduction to this MIT Press edition of their book, Bechtel and Richardson examine both philosophical and scientific developments in research on mechanistic models since 1993.
William Bechtel is Professor of Philosophy at the University of California, San Diego. He is the author of Mental Mechanisms: Philosophical Perspectives on Cognitive Neuroscience and other books. Robert C. Richardson is Charles Phelps Taft Professor of Philosophy and a University Distinguished Research Professor at the University of Cincinnati. He is the author of Evolutionary Psychology as Maladapted Psychology (MIT Press, 2007). Both are Fellows of the American Association for the Advancement of Science. September — 6 x 9, 344 pp. — 33 illus. $27.00S/£19.95 paper 978-0-262-51473-6
ACTION, ETHICS, AND RESPONSIBILITY
edited by Joseph Keim Campbell, Michael O’Rourke, and Harry S. Silverstein
Most philosophical explorations of responsibility discuss the topic solely in terms of metaphysics and the “free will” problem. By contrast, these essays by leading philosophers view responsibilLeading philosophers ity from a variety of perspecexplore responsibility from a variety of tives — metaphysics, ethics, perspectives, including action theory, and the philosometaphysics, action phy of law. After a broad, theory, and philosophy framing introduction by the of law. volume’s editors, the contributors consider such subjects as responsibility as it relates to the “free will” problem; the relation between responsibility and knowledge or ignorance; the relation between causal and moral responsibility; the difference, if any, between responsibility for actions and responsibility for omissions; the metaphysical requirements for making sense of “collective” responsibility; and the relation between moral and legal responsibility. Taken together, the essays in Action, Ethics, and Responsibility offer a breadth of perspectives that is unmatched by other treatments of the topic.
CONTRIBUTORS Joseph Keim Campbell, David Chan, Randolph Clarke, E. J. Coffman, John Martin Fischer, Helen Frowe, Todd Jones, Frances Kamm, Antti Kauppinen, Alfred R. Mele, Michael O’Rourke, Paul Russell, Robert F. Schopp, George Sher, Harry S. Silverstein, Saul Smilansky, Donald Smith, Charles T. Wolfe
Joseph Keim Campbell is Associate Professor in the Department of Philosophy at Washington State University. Michael O’Rourke is Professor in the Department of Philosophy at the University of Idaho. Harry S. Silverstein is Professor Emeritus in the Department of Philosophy at Washington State University. Campbell, O’Rourke, and Silverstein are coeditors of three previous volumes in the Topics in Contemporary Philosophy series, Causation and Explanation (2007), Knowledge and Skepticism (2010), and Time and Identity (2010), all published by the MIT Press. October — 6 x 9, 304 pp. — 1 illus. $32.00/£24.95 paper 978-0-262-51484-2 $64.00S/£47.95 cloth 978-0-262-01473-1 Topics in Contemporary Philosophy A Bradford Book
new media/technology computer music
Vocal Aesthetics in Digital Arts and Media edited by Norie Neumark, Ross Gibson, and Theo Van Leeuwen
Voice has returned to both theoretical and artistic agendas. In the digital era, techniques and technologies of voice have provoked insistent questioning of the distinction between the human Perspectives on the voice voice and the voice of the and technology, from discussions of voice machine, between genuine and mail and podcasts to synthetic affect, between the reflections on dance uniqueness of an individual and sound poetry. voice and the social and cultural forces that shape it. This volume offers interdisciplinary perspectives on these topics from history, philosophy, cultural theory, film, dance, poetry, media arts, and computer games. Chapters cover such technologies as voice mail, podcasting, and digital approximations of the human voice. A number of authors explore the performance, performativity, and authenticity; while others examine more immaterial concerns — the voice’s often-invoked magical powers, the ghostliness of disembodied voices, and posthuman vocalization. The chapters evoke an often paradoxical reassertion of the human in the use of voice in mainstream media including recorded music, films, and computer games.
CONTRIBUTORS Mark Amerika, Isabelle Arvers,
Giselle Beiguelman, Philip Brophy, Ross Gibson, Brandon LaBelle, Thomas Levin, Helen Macallan, Virginia Madsen, Meredith Morse, Norie Neumark, Andrew Plain, John Potts, Theresa M. Senft, Nermin Saybasili, Amanda Stewart, Axel Stockburger, Michael Taussig, Martin Thomas, Theo Van Leeuwen, Mark Wood Norie Neumark is Associate Professor of Media Arts and Production at University of Technology, Sydney, and a sound and media artist. She is the coeditor (with Annemarie Chandler) of At a Distance: Precursors to Art and Activism on the Internet (MIT Press, 2005). Ross Gibson is Professor of Contemporary Art, Sydney College of the Arts, University of Sydney. Theo Van Leeuwen is Professor of Media and Communication at University of Technology, Sydney. August — 6 x 9, 440 pp. — 20 illus. $40.00S/£29.95 cloth 978-0-262-01390-1 A Leonardo Book
Designing Sound teaches students and professional sound designers to understand and create sound effects starting from nothing. Its thesis is that any sound can be generated from first principles, guided by analysis and synthesis. The text takes a practitioner’s perspective, A practitioner’s guide to exploring the basic principles of making ordinary, everyday the basic principles of creating sound effects sounds using an easily accessed using easily accessed free software. Readers use the free software. Pure Data (Pd) language to construct sound objects, which are more flexible and useful than recordings. Sound is considered as a process, rather than as data — an approach sometimes known as “procedural audio.” Procedural sound is a living sound effect that can run as computer code and be changed in real time according to unpredictable events. Applications include video games, film, animation, and media in which sound is part of an interactive process. The book takes a practical, systematic approach to the subject, teaching by example and providing background information that offers a firm theoretical context for its pragmatic stance. After mastering the techniques presented in Designing Sound, students will be able to build their own sound objects for use in interactive applications and other projects.
Andy Farnell has a degree in Computer Science and Electronic Engineering from University College London and now specializes in digital audio signal processing. He has worked as a sound effects programmer for BBC radio and television and as a programmer on server-side applications for product search and data storage. October — 7 x 9, 690 pp. — 532 illus. $50.00S/£37.95 cloth 978-0-262-01441-0
computer music computer science/color science
THE AUDIO PROGRAMMING BOOK
edited by Richard Boulanger and Victor Lazzarini foreword by Max Mathews
This comprehensive handbook of mathematical and programming techniques for audio signal processing will be an essential reference for all computer musicians, computer scientists, engineers, and anyone interested in audio. Designed to be used by An encyclopedic readers with varying levels of handbook on audio programming for students programming expertise, it not and professionals, with only provides the foundations many cross-platform open source examples for music and audio developand a DVD covering ment but also tackles issues advanced topics. that sometimes remain mysterious even to experienced software designers. Exercises and copious examples (all cross-platform and based on free or open source software) make the book ideal for classroom use. Fifteen chapters and eight appendixes cover such topics as programming basics for C and C++ (with music-oriented examples), audio programming basics and more advanced topics, spectral audio programming; programming Csound opcodes, and algorithmic synthesis and music programming. Appendixes cover topics in compiling, audio and MIDI, computing, and math. An accompanying DVD provides an additional 40 chapters, covering musical and audio programs with micro-controllers, alternate MIDI controllers, video controllers, developing Apple Audio Unit plug-ins from Csound opcodes, and audio programming for the iPhone.
Richard Boulanger is Professor of Electronic Production and Design at the Berklee College of Music and editor of The Csound Book: Perspectives in Software Synthesis, Sound Design, Signal Processing, and Programming (MIT Press, 2000). Victor Lazzarini is Senior Lecturer in the Music Department and Director of the Music Technology Laboratory at the National University of Ireland, Maynooth. November — 8 x 9, 984 pp. — 96 illus. $60.00S/£44.95 cloth 978-0-262-01446-5
COLOR FOR THE SCIENCES
Color for the Sciences is the first book on colorimetry to offer an account that emphasizes conceptual and formal issues rather than applications. Jan Koenderink’s introductory text treats colorimetry — literally, “color measurement” — as a science, freeing the topic from the usual fixation on conventional A comprehensive praxis and how to get the introduction to colorimetry from a “right” result. Readers of Color conceptual perspective. for the Sciences will learn to rethink concepts from the roots in order to reach a broader, conceptual understanding. After a brief account of the history of the discipline (beginning with Isaac Newton) and a chapter titled “Colorimetry for Dummies,” the heart of the book covers the main topics in colorimetry, including the space of beams, achromatic beams, edge colors, optimum colors, color atlases, and spectra. Other chapters cover more specialized topics, including implementations, metrics pioneered by Schrödinger and Helmholtz, and extended color space. Color for the Sciences can be used as a reference for professionals or in a formal introductory course on colorimetry. It will be especially useful both for those working with color in a scientific or engineering context who find the standard texts lacking and for professionals and students in image engineering, computer graphics, and computer science.
Jan Koenderink was Professor of Physics at Utrecht University for many years. He is currently a Research Fellow at Delft University of Technology and Visiting Professor at MIT and École National Supérieure Paris. He is the author of Solid Shape (MIT Press, 1990). September — 8 x 9, 760 pp. — 916 color illus. $70.00S/£51.95 cloth 978-0-262-01428-1
new media/philosophy technology/education
Radical Empiricism in Network Cultures Adrian Mackenzie
How has wirelessness — being connected to objects and infrastructures without knowing exactly how or where — become a key form of contemporary experience? Stretching across routers, smart phones, netbooks, cities, towers, Guangzhou An account of the workshops, service agreements, sensations associated with being entangled toys, and states, wireless techwith wireless technolonologies have brought with gies that draws on the philosophical techniques them sensations of change, proximity, movement, and of William James’s radical empiricism. divergence. In Wirelessness, Adrian Mackenzie draws on philosophical techniques from a century ago to make sense of this most contemporary postnetwork condition. The radical empiricism associated with the pragmatist philosopher William James, Mackenzie argues, offers fresh ways for matching the disordered flow of wireless networks, meshes, patches, and connections with felt sensations. For Mackenzie, entanglements with things, gadgets, infrastructures, and services — tendencies, fleeting nuances, and peripheral shades of often barely registered feeling that cannot be easily codified, symbolized, or quantified — mark the experience of wirelessness, and this links directly to James’s expanded conception of experience. “Wirelessness” designates a tendency to make network connections in different times and places using these devices and services. Equally, it embodies a sensibility attuned to the proliferation of devices and services that carry information through radio signals. Above all, it means heightened awareness of ongoing change and movement associated with networks, infrastructures, location, and information. The experience of wirelessness spans several strands of media-technological change, and Mackenzie moves from wireless cities through signals, devices, networks, maps, and products, to the global belief in the expansion of wireless worlds.
Adrian Mackenzie is Reader and Codirector at the Centre for Science Studies at Lancaster University, U.K. November — 6 x 9, 256 pp. — 18 illus. $32.00S/£23.95 cloth 978-0-262-01464-9
INSTRUCTION AND TECHNOLOGY
Designs for Everyday Learning Brad Mehlenbacher
The perpetual connectivity made possible by twentyfirst-century technology has profoundly affected instruction and learning. Emerging technologies that upend traditional notions of communication and comA rigorous multidiscipli- munity also influence the ways we design and evaluate nary analysis of the influence of emerging instruction and how we technologies on instrucunderstand learning and tion and learning that learning environments. In lays the groundwork for Instruction and Technology, future inquiry. Brad Mehlenbacher offers a detailed, multidisciplinary analysis of the dynamic relationship between technology and learning. Mehlenbacher describes how today’s ubiquitous technology conflates our once separated learning worlds — work, leisure, and higher educational spaces. He reviews the ongoing cross-disciplinary conversation about learning with technology and distance education and examines a dozen models of instruction and learning with technology drawn from peer-reviewed research. Taking an integrative perspective toward design, Mehlenbacher offers a framework for everyday instructional situations, describing five interdependent dimensions: learner background and knowledge, learner tasks and activities, social dynamics, instructor activities, and learning environment and artifacts. The technologies that distribute today’s classroom across time and space call for a new discussion about what we value in the traditional classroom. With Instruction and Technology Mehlenbacher lays the groundwork for the long-term multidisciplinary investigation that will be required as researchers and practitioners shape and extend the boundaries of this emerging field.
Brad Mehlenbacher is Associate Professor of Distance Learning in the Leadership, Policy, Adult and Higher Education Department, Primary Faculty Member with Human Factors and Ergonomics in the Psychology Department, Affiliated Faculty Member with Communication, Rhetoric, and Digital Media in the English and Communication Departments, and Affiliated Faculty Member with the Digital Games Research Center in the Computer Science Department at North Carolina State University. September — 7 x 9, 504 pp. — 26 illus. $35.00S/£25.95 cloth 978-0-262-01394-9
game studies information science/political science/social science
KOREA’S ONLINE GAMING EMPIRE
Dal Yong Jin
In South Korea, online gaming is a cultural phenomenon. Games are broadcast on television, professional gamers are celebrities, and youth culture is often identified with online gaming. Uniquely in the online games market, Korea not only dominates the local market but has also made its mark The rapid growth of globally. In Korea’s Online the Korean online game industry, viewed in Gaming Empire, Dal Yong Jin social, cultural, and examines the rapid growth of economic contexts. this industry from a political economy perspective, discussing it in social, cultural, and economic terms. Korea has the largest percentage of broadband subscribers of any country in the world, and Koreans spend increasing amounts of time and money on Internet-based games. Online gaming has become a mode of socializing — a channel for human relationships. The Korean online game industry has been a pioneer in software development and eSports (electronic sports and leagues). Jin discusses the policies of the Korean government that encouraged the development of online gaming both as a cutting-edge business and as a cultural touchstone; the impact of economic globalization; the relationship between online games and Korean society; and the future of the industry. He examines the rise of Korean online games in the global marketplace, the emergence of eSport as a youth culture phenomenon, the working conditions of professional gamers, the role of game fans as consumers, how Korea’s local online game industry has become global, and whether these emerging firms have challenged the West’s dominance in global markets.
Dal Yong Jin is Associate Professor at KAIST (Korea Advanced Institute of Science and Technology). November — 6 x 9, 208 pp. — 1 illus. $30.00S/£22.95 cloth 978-0-262-01476-2
PEER PARTICIPATION AND SOFTWARE
What Mozilla Has to Teach Government David R. Booth
To maintain and improve the Firefox browser, the Mozilla Foundation depends not only on its team of professional programmers and managers but also on a network of volunteer technologists and enthusiasts who contribute their expertise. In An examination this MacArthur Foundation of Mozilla’s unique approach to software Report, David Booth examines development. the Mozilla Foundation’s success at organizing large-scale participation in the development of its software and considers whether Mozilla’s approach can be transferred to government and civil society.
David R. Booth is Creative Writing Professor in the MFA in Writing Program at the University of San Francisco. July — 5 3/8 x 8, 112 pp. $14.00S/£10.95 paper 978-0-262-51461-3
KIDS AND CREDIBILITY
An Empirical Examination of Youth, Digital Media Use, and Information Credibility Andrew J. Flanagin and Miriam J. Metzger with Ethan Hartsell, Alex Markov, Ryan Medders, Rebekah Pure, and Elisia Sim
How well do children navigate the ocean of information that is available online? The enormous variety of Webbased resources represents both opportunities and challenges for Internet-savvy Findings from a kids, offering extraordinary survey of youthful Internet users. potential for learning and social connection but little guidance on assessing the reliability of online information. This report summarizes the first large-scale survey to examine children’s online information-seeking strategies and their beliefs about the credibility of that information.
Andrew Flanagin is Professor and Miriam J. Metzger is Associate Professor in the Department of Communication at the University of California, Santa Barbara. August — 5 3/8 x 8, 154 pp. — 45 illus. $14.00S/£10.95 paper 978-0-262-51475-0 The John D. and Catherine T. MacArthur Foundation Reports on Digital Media and Learning mitpress.mit.edu Fall 2010
NETWORKS OF THE BRAIN
An integrative overview of network approaches to neuroscience explores the origins of brain complexity.
November 7 x 9, 375 pp. 15 color illus., 100 black & white illus. $40.00S/£29.95 cloth 978-0-262-01469-4
Over the last decade, the study of complex networks has expanded across diverse scientific fields. Increasingly, science is concerned with the structure, behavior, and evolution of complex systems ranging from cells to ecosystems. Modern network approaches are beginning to reveal fundamental principles of brain architecture and function, and in Networks of the Brain, Olaf Sporns describes how the integrative nature of brain function can be illuminated from a complex network perspective. Highlighting the many emerging points of contact between neuroscience and network science, the book serves to introduce network theory to neuroscientists and neuroscience to those working on theoretical network models. Brain networks span the microscale of individual cells and synapses and the macroscale of cognitive systems and embodied cognition. Sporns emphasizes how networks connect levels of organization in the brain and how they link structure to function. In order to keep the book accessible and focused on the relevance to neuroscience of network approaches, he offers an informal and nonmathematical treatment of the subject. After describing the basic concepts of network theory and the fundamentals of brain connectivity, Sporns discusses how network approaches can reveal principles of brain architecture. He describes new links between network anatomy and function and investigates how networks shape complex brain dynamics and enable adaptive neural computation. The book documents the rapid pace of discovery and innovation while tracing the historical roots of the field. The study of brain connectivity has already opened new avenues of study in neuroscience. Networks of the Brain offers a synthesis of the sciences of complex networks and the brain that will be an essential foundation for future research.
Olaf Sporns is Professor and Associate Chair in the Department of Psychological and Brain Sciences, Adjunct Professor in the School of Informatics and Computing, a member of the programs in Neuroscience and Cognitive Science, and Head of the Computational Cognitive Neuroscience Laboratory at Indiana University Bloomington.
THE SELF-ORGANIZING SOCIAL MIND
John Bolender foreword by Alan Page Fiske
In The Self-Organizing Social Mind, John Bolender proposes a new explanation for the forms of social relations. He argues that the core of social-relational cognition exhibits beauty — in the physicist’s sense of the word, associated with symA proposal that the metry. Bolender describes a basic mental models used to structure social fundamental set of patterns in interaction result from interpersonal cognition, which self-organization in account for the resulting strucbrain activity. tures of social life in terms of their symmetries and the breaking of those symmetries. He further describes the symmetries of the four fundamental social relations as ordered in a nested series akin to what one finds in the formation of a snowflake or spiral galaxy. Symmetry breaking organizes the neural activity generating the cognitive models that structure our social relationships. Bolender’s primary claim is that there exists a social pattern generator analogous to the central pattern generators associated with locomotion in many animal species. Spontaneous symmetry breaking structures the activity of the social pattern generator just as it does in central pattern generators. Bolender’s hypothesis that relational cognition results from self-organization is entirely novel, distinct from other theories that describe sociality in terms of evolution or environment. It presents a picture of social-relational cognition as resembling something inorganic. In doing so it reveals deep connections among cognition, biology, and the inorganic world.
John Bolender is Assistant Professor in the Department of Philosophy at Middle East Technical University, Ankara, Turkey, and Visiting Fellow in Philosophy at Princeton University. September — 6 x 9, 208 pp. — 16 illus. $32.00S/£23.95 cloth 978-0-262-01444-1 A Bradford Book
Insights from Experiments and Computation edited by Cristóbal Curio, Heinrich H. Bülthoff, and Martin A. Giese foreword by Tomaso Poggio
The recognition of faces is a fundamental visual function with importance for social interaction and communication. Scientific interest in State-of-the-art research facial recognition has increased on the perception of dynamic faces, a dramatically over the last topic of importance decade. Researchers in such to brain, cognitive, and computational sciences. fields as psychology, neurophysiology, and functional imaging have published more than 10,000 studies on face processing. Almost all of these studies focus on the processing of static pictures of faces, however, with little attention paid to the recognition of dynamic faces, faces as they change over time — a topic in neuroscience that is also relevant for a variety of technical applications, including robotics, animation, and human-computer interfaces. This volume offers a state-of-the-art, interdisciplinary overview of recent work on dynamic faces from both biological and computational perspectives. The book offers neuroscientists and biologists an essential reference for designing new experiments, and provides computer scientists with knowledge that will help them improve technical systems for the recognition, processing, synthesizing, and animating of dynamic faces.
Cristóbal Curio is a Senior Research Scientist specializing in biologically motivated Machine Vision and Human Perception and Heinrich H. Bülthoff is Professor and Director of the Perception, Cognition, and Action Department at the Max Planck Institute for Biological Cybernetics in Tübingen. Martin A. Giese is Professor for Computational Sensorimotorics at the Department of Cognitive Neurology, Hertie Institute for Clinical Brain Sciences and Center for Integrative Neuroscience, at the University Clinic Tübingen. October — 7 x 9, 288 pp. — 56 illus. $40.00S/£29.95 cloth 978-0-262-01453-3
BACK IN PRINT
A Computational Investigation into the Human Representation and Processing of Visual Information David Marr with a new foreword by Shimon Ullman and a new afterword by Tomaso Poggio
David Marr’s posthumously published Vision (1982) influenced a generation of brain and cognitive scientists, inspiring many to enter the field. In Vision, Marr describes a general framework for understanding visual perception and touches on broader questions about how the brain and its functions can be studied and understood. Researchers from a range of brain and cognitive sciences have long valued Marr’s creativity, intellectual power, and ability to integrate insights and data from neuroscience, psychology, and computation. This MIT Press edition makes Marr’s influential work available to a new generation of students and scientists. In Marr’s framework, the process of vision constructs a set of representations, starting from a description of the input image and culminating with a description of three-dimensional objects in the surrounding environment. A central theme, and one that has had farreaching influence in both neuroscience and cognitive science, is the notion of different levels of analysis — in Marr’s framework, the computational level, the algorithmic level, and the hardware implementation level. Now, thirty years later, the main problems that occupied Marr remain fundamental open problems in the study of perception. Vision provides inspiration for the continuing efforts to integrate knowledge from cognition and computation to understand vision and the brain.
David Courtnay Marr (1945–1980), one of the originators of the field of computational neuroscience, was Professor of Psychology at MIT. Shimon Ullman is Samy and Ruth Cohn Professor of Computer Science at the Weizmann Institute of Science, Rehovot, Israel. Tomaso Poggio is Eugene McDermott Professor in the Department of Brain and Cognitive Sciences at MIT. Both Ullman and Poggio worked with David Marr. July — 7 x 9, 432 pp. — 150 illus. $30.00S/£22.95 paper 978-0-262-51462-0 Available again, an influential book that offers a framework for understanding visual perception and considers fundamental questions about the brain and its functions.
THE MEMORY PROCESS
Neuroscientific and Humanistic Perspectives edited by Suzanne Nalbantian, Paul M. Matthews, and James L. McClelland
The Memory Process offers a groundbreaking, interdisciplinary approach to the understanding of human memory, with contributions from both neuroscientists and humanists. The first book to The convergence link the neuroscientific study of neuroscience, philosophy, art, music, of memory to the investigation and literature offers of memory in the humanities, valuable new insights it connects the latest findings into the study of memory. in memory research with insights from philosophy, literature, theater, art, music, and film. Chapters from the scientific perspective discuss both fundamental concepts and ongoing debates from genetic and epigenetic approaches, functional neuroimaging, connectionist modeling, dream analysis, and neurocognitive studies. The humanist analyses offer insights about memory from outside the laboratory — from novels, drama, visual art, and film. The chapters from the philosophical perspective serve as the bridge between science and the arts. The volume’s sweeping introduction offers an integrative merging of neuroscientific and humanistic findings.
Suzanne Nalbantian is Professor of Comparative Literature at Long Island University and the author of Memory in Literature: From Rousseau to Neuroscience, Aesthetic Autobiography, and other books. Paul M. Matthews is Vice President at GlaxoSmithKline in London, Professor of Clinical Neurosciences at Imperial College, London, and the coauthor of The Bard on the Brain: Understanding the Mind through the Art of Shakespeare. James L. McClelland is Professor of Psychology and Director of the Center for Mind, Brain, and Computation at Stanford University. He is the coauthor of Parallel Distributed Processing (1986) and Semantic Cognition (2004), both published by the MIT Press. November — 6 x 9, 424 pp. — 4 color plates, 36 black & white illus. $35.00S/£25.95 cloth 978-0-262-01457-1
Making Sense of Sound Jan Schnupp, Israel Nelken, and Andrew King
Every time we listen — to speech, to music, to footsteps approaching or retreating — our auditory perception is the result of a long chain of diverse and intricate processes that unfold within the source of the sound An integrated overview of itself, in the air, in our ears, hearing and the interplay and, most of all, in our brains. of physical, biological, Hearing is an “everyday miraand psychological cle” that, despite its staggering processes underlying it. complexity, seems effortless. This book offers an integrated account of hearing in terms of the neural processes that take place in different parts of the auditory system. Because hearing results from the interplay of so many physical, biological, and psychological processes, the book pulls together the different aspects of hearing — including acoustics, the mathematics of signal processing, the physiology of the ear and central auditory pathways, psychoacoustics, speech, and music — into a coherent whole. Additional resources for readers, students, and instructors, including sound samples, color images, animations, self-test questions, and links, are available on the book’s Web site.
Jan Schnupp is University Lecturer and Codirector of the Auditory Neuroscience Research Group in the Department of Physiology, Anatomy, and Genetics at Oxford University and a Fellow of St. Peter’s College. Israel Nelken is Associate Professor and Head of the Laboratory of Auditory Neurophysiology in the Department of Neurobiology in the Andrew Silberman Institute of Life Sciences at Hebrew University of Jerusalem. Andrew King is Professor of Neurophysiology, Wellcome Trust Principal Research Fellow, and Codirector of the Auditory Neuroscience Research Group in the Department of Physiology, Anatomy, and Genetics at Oxford University and a Fellow of Merton College. December — 7 x 9, 336 pp. — 117 illus. $40.00S/£29.95 cloth 978-0-262-11318-2
DYNAMIC COORDINATION IN THE BRAIN
From Neurons to Mind edited by Christoph von der Malsburg, William A. Phillips, and Wolf Singer
A fundamental shift is occurring in neuroscience and related disciplines. In the past, researchers focused on functional specialization of An examination of the brain, discovering complex how widely distributed and specialized activities processing strategies based on of the brain are flexibly convergence and divergence and effectively coordinated. in slowly adapting anatomical architectures. Yet for the brain to cope with ever-changing and unpredictable circumstances, it needs strategies with richer interactive short-term dynamics. Recent research has revealed ways in which the brain effectively coordinates widely distributed and specialized activities to meet the needs of the moment. This book explores these findings, examining the functions, mechanisms, and manifestations of distributed dynamical coordination in the brain and mind across different species and levels of organization. The book identifies three basic functions of dynamic coordination: contextual disambiguation, dynamic grouping, and dynamic routing. It considers the role of dynamic coordination in temporally structured activity and explores these issues at different levels, from synaptic and local circuit mechanisms to macroscopic system dynamics, emphasizing their importance for cognition, behavior, and psychopathology.
Christoph von der Malsburg is Professor and Senior Fellow at the Frankfurt Institute for Advanced Studies (FIAS). William A. Phillips is Emeritus Professor of Neuropsychology at the University of Stirling and Adjunct Fellow of FIAS. Wolf Singer is Director at the Max Planck Institute for Brain Research in Frankfurt and Founding Director of both FIAS and the Ernst Strüngmann Institute for Brain Research. August — 6 x 9, 436 pp. — 22 color illus. $40.00S/£29.95 cloth 978-0-262-01471-7 Strüngmann Forum Reports
neuroscience/bioethics bioethics/philosophy of science
An Introduction with Readings edited by Martha J. Farah
Neuroscience increasingly allows us to explain, predict, and even control aspects of human behavior. The ethical issues that arise from these developments extend beyond the boundaries of conventional bioethics into philosophy of mind, psycholExplores the ethical, ogy, theology, public policy, legal, and societal issues arising from and the law. This broader set of brain imaging, concerns is the subject matter psychopharmacology, of neuroethics. In this book, and other new leading neuroscientist Martha developments in neuroscience. Farah introduces the reader to the key issues of neuroethics, placing them in scientific and cultural context and presenting a carefully chosen set of essays, articles, and excerpts from longer works that explore specific problems in neuroethics from the perspectives of a diverse set of authors. Included are writings by such leading scientists, philosophers, and legal scholars as Carl Elliot, Joshua Greene, Steven Hyman, Peter Kramer, and Elizabeth Phelps. Topics include the ethical dilemmas of cognitive enhancement; issues of personality, memory and identity; the ability of brain imaging to both persuade and reveal; the legal implications of neuroscience; and the many ways in which neuroscience challenges our conception of what it means to be a person.
Martha J. Farah is Walter H. Annenberg Professor of Natural Sciences in the Department of Psychology at the University of Pennsylvania, where she directs the Center for Neuroscience and Society. She is the author of Visual Agnosia (second edition, 2004) and the coeditor (with Todd E. Feinberg) of Patient-Based Approaches to Cognitive Neuroscience (second edition, 2005), both published by the MIT Press. August — 6 x 9, 400 pp. — 1 illus. $35.00S/£25.95 paper 978-0-262-51460-6 $70.00S/£51.95 cloth 978-0-262-06269-5 Basic Bioethics series
Why We Should Reject Radical Enhancement Nicholas Agar
Proposals to make us smarter than the greatest geniuses or to add thousands of years to our life spans seem fit only for the spam folder or trash can. And yet this is what contemporary advocates of radical enhancement offer in all seriousness. They An argument that achieving millennial life present a variety of technolospans or monumental gies and therapies that will intellects will destroy expand our capacities far values that give meaning beyond what is currently to human lives. possible for human beings. In Humanity’s End, Nicholas Agar argues against radical enhancement, describing its destructive consequences. Agar examines the proposals of four prominent radical enhancers: Ray Kurzweil, who argues that technology will enable our escape from human biology; Aubrey de Grey, who calls for anti-aging therapies that will achieve “longevity escape velocity”; Nick Bostrom, who defends the morality and rationality of enhancement; and James Hughes, who envisions a harmonious democracy of the enhanced and the unenhanced. Agar argues that the outcomes of radical enhancement could be darker than the rosy futures described by these thinkers. The most dramatic means of enhancing our cognitive powers could in fact kill us; the radical extension of our life span could eliminate experiences of great value from our lives; and a situation in which some humans are radically enhanced and others are not could lead to tyranny of posthumans over humans.
Nicholas Agar is Reader in Philosophy at Victoria University of Wellington, New Zealand. October — 6 x 9, 224 pp. $32.00S/£23.95 cloth 978-0-262-01462-5 Life and Mind series: Philosophical Issues in Biology and Psychology A Bradford Book
An Introduction to Language and Communication
Adrian Akmajian, Richard A. Demers, Ann K. Farmer, and Robert M. Harnish
This popular introductory linguistics text is unique for its integration of themes. Rather than treat morphology, phonetics, phonology, syntax, and semantics as completely separate fields, the book shows how they interact. It provides a sound introduction to linguistic methodology while encouraging students to consider why people are intrinsically interested in language — the ultimate puzzle of the human mind. The text first addresses structural and interpretive parts of language, then takes a cognitive perspective and covers such topics as pragmatics, psychology of language, language acquisition, and language and the brain. For this sixth edition, all chapters have been revised. The organization of the book gives instructors flexibility in designing their courses. Chapters have numerous subsections with core material presented first and additional material following as special topics. The accompanying workbook supplements the text with exercises drawn from a variety of languages. The goal is to teach basic conceptual foundations of linguistics and the methods of argumentation, justification, and hypothesis testing within the field. By presenting the most fundamental linguistics concepts in detail, the text allows students to get a feeling for how real work in different areas of linguistics is done.
The late Adrian Akmajian was Professor of Linguistics at the University of Arizona. Richard A. Demers is Professor Emeritus of the Department of Linguistics at the University of Arizona. Ann K. Farmer is an Information Engineer at Google. Robert M. Harnish is Professor Emeritus of Philosophy and Linguistics at the University of Arizona.
A new edition of a popular introductory linguistics text, thoroughly updated and revised, with new material and new examples.
Available 7 x 9, 648 pp. 88 illus. $45.00X/£34.95 paper 978-0-262-51370-8 $75.00X/£55.95 cloth 978-0-262-01375-8
“The sixth edition of Linguistics: An Introduction to Language and Communication is a wonderful introductory textbook for linguistics. The book is flexible enough to be used in both introductory and more advanced survey courses by including more advanced special topic sections and lengthy reference lists for the interested student.” — Susannah Levi, Department of Communicative Sciences and Disorders, New York University
NEW MATERIAL IN THE SIXTH EDITION
• Updated examples • New special topics section • New discussions of the minimalist program, semantic minimalism, human genetic relationships and historical relationships among languages, Gricean theories, experimental pragmatics, and language acquisition
A LINGUISTICS WORKBOOK
Companion to Linguistics, Sixth Edition Ann K. Farmer and Richard A. Demers
A Linguistics Workbook is a supplement to Linguistics: An Introduction, Sixth Edition that can also be used with other introductory and intermediate linguistics texts.
July — 8 1/2 x 11, 306 pp. — 14 illus. $30.00X/£22.95 paper 978-0-262-51482-8
ARGUMENTS AS RELATIONS
In Arguments as Relations, John Bowers proposes a radically new approach to argument structure that has the potential to unify data from a wide range of different language types in terms of a simple and universal syntactic structure. In many ways, Bowers’s theory is the A radically new approach natural extension of three leadto argument structure in ing ideas in the literature: the the minimalist program. minimalist approach to Case theory (particularly Chomsky’s idea that Case is assigned under the Agree function relation); the idea of introducing arguments in specifiers of functional categories rather than in projections of lexical categories; and the neo-Davidsonian approach to argument structure represented in the work of Parsons and others. Bowers pulls together these strands in the literature and shapes them into a unified theory. These ideas, together with certain basic assumptions — notably the idea that the initial order of merge of the three basic argument categories of Agent, Theme, and Affectee is just the opposite of what has been almost universally assumed in the literature — lead Bowers to a fundamental rethinking of argument structure. He proposes that every argument is merged as the specifier of a particular type of light verb category and that these functional argument categories merge in bottom-to-top fashion in accordance with a fixed Universal Order of Merge (UOM). In the hierarchical structures that result from these operations, Affectee arguments will be highest, Theme arguments next highest, and Agent arguments lowest — exactly the opposite of the usual assumption.
John Bowers is Professor of Linguistics and Chair of the Linguistics Department at Cornell University. August — 6 x 9, 264 pp. $25.00S/£18.95 paper 978-0-262-51433-0 $50.00S/£37.95 cloth 978-0-262-01431-1 Linguistic Inquiry Monographs 58
THE SYNTAX OF ADJECTIVES
A Comparative Study Guglielmo Cinque
In The Syntax of Adjectives, Guglielmo Cinque offers cross-linguistic evidence that adjectives have two sources. Arguing against the standard view, and reconsidering his own earlier analysis, Cinque proposes that adjectives enter the nominal phase either A new analysis of adjectives, supported by as “adverbial” modifiers to comparative evidence. the noun or as predicates of reduced relative clauses. Some of his evidence comes from a systematic comparison between Romance and Germanic languages. These two language families differ with respect to the canonical position taken by adjectives, which is prenominal in Germanic and both pre- and postnominal in Romance. Cinque shows that a simple N(oun)-raising analysis encounters a number of problems, the primary one of which is its inability to express a fundamental generalization governing the interpretation of pre- and postnominal adjectives in the two language families. Cinque argues that N-raising as such should be abandoned in favor of XP-raising — a conclusion also supported by evidence from other language families. After developing this framework for analyzing the syntax of adjectives, Cinque applies it to the syntax of English and Italian adjectives. An appendix offers a brief discussion of other languages that appear to distinguish overtly between the two sources of adjectives.
Guglielmo Cinque is Professor of Linguistics at the University of Venice, where he is Director of the PhD Program in ¯ Linguistics. He is the author of Types of A Dependencies (MIT Press, 1990) and other books. July — 6 x 9, 216 pp. $35.00S/£25.95 paper 978-0-262-51426-2 $70.00S/£51.95 cloth 978-0-262-01416-8 Linguistic Inquiry Monographs 57
LOCALISM VERSUS GLOBALISM IN MORPHOLOGY AND PHONOLOGY
In Localism versus Globalism in Morphology and Phonology, David Embick offers the first detailed examination of morphology and phonology from a phase-cyclic point of view (that is, one that takes into account recent developments An argument that in Distributed Morphology patterns of allomorphy reveal that morphology and the Minimalist program) and phonology behave and the only recent detailed in a way that provides treatment of allomorphy, a evidence for a Localist theory of grammar. phenomenon that is central to understanding how the grammar of human language works. In addition to making new theoretical proposals about morphology and phonology in terms of a cyclic theory, Embick addresses a schism in the field between phonological theories such as Optimality Theory and other (mostly syntactic) theories such as those associated with the Minimalist program. He presents sustained empirical arguments that the Localist view of grammar associated with the Minimalist program (and Distributed Morphology in particular) is correct, and that the Globalism espoused by many forms of Optimality Theory is incorrect. In the “derivational versus nonderivational” debate in linguistic theory, Embick’s arguments come down squarely on the derivational side. Determining how to make empirical comparisons between such large positions, and the different frameworks that embody them, is at the heart of the book. Embick argues that patterns of allomorphy implicate general questions about locality and specific questions about the manner in which (morpho)syntax relates to (morpho)phonology. Allomorphy thus provides a crucial test case for comparing Localist and Globalist approaches to grammar.
David Embick is Associate Professor in the Department of Linguistics at the University of Pennsylvania. September — 6 x 9, 232 pp. $35.00S/£25.95 paper 978-0-262-51430-9 $70.00S/£51.95 cloth 978-0-262-01422-9 Linguistic Inquiry Monographs 60
AGREEMENT AND HEAD MOVEMENT
Clitics, Incorporation, and Defective Goals Ian Roberts
In Agreement and Head Movement, Ian Roberts explores the consequences of Chomsky’s conjecture that headmovement is not part of the narrow syntax, the computational system that relates the lexicon to the interfaces. Unlike other treatments of the An argument that, subject that discard the concontrary to Chomsky, head-movement is part cept entirely, Roberts’s monoof the narrow syntax. graph retains the core intuition behind head-movement and examines to what extent it can be reformulated and rethought. Roberts argues that the current conception of syntax must accommodate a species of head-movement, although this operation differs somewhat in technical detail and in empirical coverage from earlier understandings of it. He proposes that head-movement is part of the narrow syntax and that it applies where the goal of an Agree relation is defective, in a sense that he defines. Roberts argues that the theoretical status of headmovement is very similar — in fact identical in various ways — to that of XP-movement. Thus head-movement, like XP-movement, should be regarded as part of narrow syntax exactly to the extent that XP-movement should be. If one aspect of minimalist theorizing is to eliminate unnecessary distinctions, then Roberts’s argument can be seen as eliminating the distinction between “heads” and “phrases” in relation to internal merge (and therefore reducing the distinctions currently made between internal and external merge).
Ian Roberts is Professor of Linguistics at Cambridge University. September — 6 x 9, 304 pp. $30.00S/£22.95 paper 978-0-262-51432-3 $60.00S/£44.95 cloth 978-0-262-01430-4 Linguistic Inquiry Monographs 59
robotics computer engineering
Science and Systems V edited by Jeff Trinkle, Yoky Matsuoka, and Jose A. Castellanos
Robotics: Science and Systems V spans a wide spectrum of robotics, bringing together researchers working on the foundations of robotics, robotics applications, and the analysis of robotics systems. State-of-the-art robotics This volume presents the proresearch on a range of topics. ceedings of the fifth annual Robotics: Science and Systems conference, held in July 2009 at the University of Washington in Seattle. The papers presented cover a range of topics, including manipulation, locomotion, machine learning, localization, visual SLAM, haptics, and biologically inspired design.
Jeff Trinkle is Professor of Computer Science at Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute. Yoky Matsuoka is Torode Family Endowed Career Development Professor in Computer Science and Engineering at the University of Washington in Seattle. Jose Castellanos is Associate Professor in the Department of Computer Science and Systems Engineering at the University of Zaragoza, Spain. October — 8 1/2 x 11, 500 pp. — 297 illus. $75.00S/£55.95 paper 978-0-262-51463-7
SOCIAL MODELING FOR REQUIREMENTS ENGINEERING
edited by Eric Yu, Paolo Giorgini, Neil Maiden, and John Mylopoulos
Much of the difficulty in creating information technology systems that truly meet people’s needs lies in the problem of pinning down system requirements. This book offers a new approach to A novel perspective the requirements challenge, on requirements engineering, founded based on modeling and analyzon social concepts and ing the relationships among strategic analysis of stakeholders. Although the relationships among importance of the systemsocial actors. environment relationship has long been recognized in the requirements engineering field, most requirements modeling techniques express the relationship in mechanistic and behavioral terms. This book describes a modeling approach (called the i* framework) that conceives of software-based information systems as being situated in environments in which social actors relate to each other in terms of goals to be achieved, tasks to be performed, and resources to be furnished. The book includes Eric Yu’s original proposal for the i* framework as well as research that applies, adapts, extends, or evaluates the social modeling concepts and approach.
Eric Yu is Associate Professor in the Faculty of Information at the University of Toronto. Paolo Giorgini is Assistant Professor in the Department of Information Engineering and Computer Science at the University of Trento, Italy. Neil Maiden is Professor of Systems Engineering and Head of the Centre for Human-Computer Interaction Design at City University, London. John Mylopoulos is Distinguished Professor in the Department of Information Engineering and Computer Science at the University of Trento. He is the coeditor of Metamodeling for Method Engineering (MIT Press, 2009). January — 8 x 9, 760 pp. — 241 illus. $65.00S/£48.95 cloth 978-0-262-24055-0 Cooperative Information Systems series
Also available ROBOTICS Science and Systems I edited by Sebastian Thrun, Gaurav S. Sukhatme, and Stefan Schaal 2005, 978-0-262-70114-3 $75.00S/£55.95 paper ROBOTICS Science and Systems II edited by Gaurav S. Sukhatme, Stefan Schaal, Wolfram Burgard, and Dieter Fox 2007, 978-0-262-69348-6 $75.00S/£55.95 paper ROBOTICS Science and Systems III edited by Wolfram Burgard, Oliver Brock, and Cyrill Stachniss 2008, 978-0-262-52484-1 $80.00S/£59.95 paper ROBOTICS Science and Systems IV edited by Oliver Brock, Jeff Trinkle, and Fabio Ramos 2009, 978-0-262-51309-8 $75.00S/£55.95 paper
computer science computer engineering
Implementing and Evaluating Search Engines Stefan Büttcher, Charles L. A. Clarke, and Gordon V. Cormack
Information retrieval is the foundation for modern search engines. This text offers an introduction to the core topics underlying modern search technologies, including algorithms, data An introduction to structures, indexing, retrieval, information retrieval, the foundation for and evaluation. The emphasis modern search engines, is on implementation and that emphasizes experimentation; each chapter implementation and includes exercises and suggesexperimentation. tions for student projects. Wumpus — a multiuser open-source informationretrieval system developed by one of the authors and available online — provides model implementations and a basis for student work. The modular structure of the book allows instructors to use it in a variety of graduate-level courses, including courses taught from a database systems perspective, traditional information retrieval courses with a focus on IR theory, and courses covering the basics of Web retrieval. After an introduction to the basics of information retrieval, the text covers three major topic areas — indexing, retrieval, and evaluation — in self-contained parts. The final part of the book draws on and extends the general material in the earlier parts, treating such specific applications as parallel search engines, Web search, and XML retrieval. End-of-chapter references point to further reading; exercises range from pencil and paper problems to substantial programming projects. In addition to its classroom use, Information Retrieval will be a valuable reference for professionals in computer science, computer engineering, and software engineering.
Stefan Büttcher is a Site Reliability Engineer at Google. Charles L. A. Clarke and Gordon V. Cormack are Professors of Computer Science at the University of Waterloo’s David R. Cheriton School of Computer Science. September — 8 x 9, 632 pp. — 127 illus. $55.00S/£40.95 cloth 978-0-262-02651-2
CIRCUIT DESIGN AND SIMULATION WITH VHDL
Volnei A. Pedroni
This text offers a comprehensive treatment of VHDL and its applications to the design and simulation of real, industry-standard circuits. It focuses on the use of A presentation of circuit VHDL rather than solely on the language, showing why and synthesis and circuit simulation using VHDL how certain types of circuits (including VHDL 2008), are inferred from the language with an emphasis on constructs and how any of the design examples and four simulation categories can laboratory exercises. be implemented. It makes a rigorous distinction between VHDL for synthesis and VHDL for simulation. The VHDL codes in all design examples are complete, and circuit diagrams, physical synthesis in FPGAs, simulation results, and explanatory comments are included with the designs. The text reviews fundamental concepts of digital electronics and design and includes a series of appendixes that offer tutorials on important design tools including ISE, Quartus II, and ModelSim, as well as descriptions of programmable logic devices in which the designs are implemented, the DE2 development board, standard VHDL packages, and other features. All four VHDL editions (1987, 1993, 2002, and 2008) are covered. This expanded second edition is the first textbook on VHDL to include a detailed analysis of circuit simulation with VHDL testbenches in all four categories (nonautomated, fully automated, functional, and timing simulations), accompanied by complete practical examples.
Volnei A. Pedroni received his PhD in Electrical Engineering from the California Institute of Technology. He is Professor of Electronics Engineering at Brazil’s Federal University of Technology. October — 7 x 9, 680 pp. — 305 illus. $50.00S/£37.95 cloth 978-0-262-01433-5
THE COMINGLED CODE
The interaction of open source and proprietary software and the implications for economic development.
Open Source and Economic Development Josh Lerner and Mark Schankerman
Discussions of the economic impact of open source software often generate more heat than light. Advocates passionately assert the benefits of open source while critics decry its effects. Missing from the debate is rigorous economic analysis and systematic economic evidence of the impact of open source on consumers, firms, and economic development in general. This book fills that gap. In The Comingled Code, Josh Lerner and Mark Schankerman, drawing on a new, largescale database, show that open source and proprietary software interact in sometimes unexpected ways, and discuss the policy implications of these findings. The new data (from a range of countries in varying stages of development) documents the mixing of open source and proprietary software: firms sell proprietary software while contributing to open source, and users extensively mix and match the two. Lerner and Schankerman examine the ways in which software differs from other technologies in promoting economic development, what motivates individuals and firms to contribute to open source projects, how developers and users view the trade-offs between the two kinds of software, and how government policies can ensure that open source competes effectively with proprietary software and contributes to economic development.
Josh Lerner is Jacob H. Schiff Professor of Investment Banking at Harvard Business School, with a joint appointment in the Finance and Entrepreneurial Units. He is the author of The Boulevard of Broken Dreams: Why Public Efforts to Boost Entrepreneurship and Venture Capital Have Failed and What to Do About It. Mark Schankerman is Professor of Economics and Research Associate at the Centre for Economic Performance at the London School of Economics and Research Fellow at the Centre for Economic Policy Research in London.
October 6 x 9, 264 pp. 17 illus. $35.00S/£25.95 cloth 978-0-262-01463-2
PRODUCT VARIETY AND THE GAINS FROM INTERNATIONAL TRADE
Robert C. Feenstra
The application of the monopolistic competition model to international trade by Elhanan Helpman, Paul Krugman, and Kelvin Lancaster was one of the great achievements of international trade theory in the 1970s and 1980s. Monopolistic comAn examination of the petition models have required methods to measure the product variety of new empirical methods to imports and the gains implement their theoretical from trade due to insights, however, and in this product variety. book Robert Feenstra describes methods that have been developed to measure the product variety of imports and the gains from trade that are due to product variety. Feenstra first considers the consumer benefits from having access to new import varieties of differentiated products, and examines a recent method to estimate the elasticity of substitution (the extent of differentiation across products) and to use that information to construct the gains from import variety. He then examines claims of producer benefit from export variety, arguing that the self-selection of the more productive firms (as the low-productivity firms exit the market) can be interpreted as a gain from product variety. He makes use of a measurement of product variety known as the extensive margin of exports and imports. Finally, he considers an alternative approach to quantifying the gains due to product variety by comparing real GDP calculated with and without the extensive margin of trade.
Robert C. Feenstra is Professor of Economics and C. Bryan Cameron Distinguished Chair in International Economics at the University of California, Davis. He directs the International Trade and Investment Program at the NBER and is the author of Advanced International Trade: Theory and Evidence and Offshoring in the Global Economy: Microeconomic Structure and Macroeconomic Implications (MIT Press, 2010). September — 6 x 9, 144 pp. — 20 illus. $30.00S/£22.95 cloth 978-0-262-06280-0 Zeuthen Lectures series
Understanding Economics in the News
Peter E. Kennedy
This introductory text offers an alternative to the encyclopedic, technically oriented approach taken by traditional textbooks on macroeconomic principles. Concise and nontechnical but rigorous, A concise and nontechnical but challenging its goal is not to teach students introductory text that to shift curves on diagrams emphasizes fundamental but to help them understand concepts and real-world fundamental macroeconomic applications. concepts and their real-world applications. It accomplishes this by providing a clear exposition of introductory macroeconomic theory along with more than 700 one- or two-sentence “news clips” of economics media coverage that serve as illustrations of the concepts discussed. Although the writing is accessible, end-of-chapter questions are challenging, requiring a thorough understanding of related macroeconomic concepts, problem-solving skills, and an ability to make connections to the real world. Students will learn practical macroeconomics and will be able to interpret and evaluate media commentary on macroeconomics. This third edition has been revised and updated throughout. New material covers the subprime mortgage crisis and other subjects; new “curiosities” (boxed expositions of important topics) have been added, as have “news clips” about recent events; and the most challenging end-of-chapter questions are now separated from the less challenging. Many chapters include a set of numerical exercises (quite different from those found in traditional texts); a sample exam question appears at the end of each section within a chapter; and a test bank of multiple-choice questions (with answers) is available online. Technical material appears in appendixes following each chapter. Other appendixes offer answers to the sample exam questions and the even-numbered end-of-chapter exercises.
Peter Kennedy is Professor Emeritus of Economics at Simon Fraser University. September — 8 x 9, 472 pp. — 50 illus. $40.00S/£29.95 paper 978-0-262-51480-4 $70.00S/£51.95 cloth 978-0-262-01467-0
THE MINIMUM WAGE AND LABOR MARKET OUTCOMES
Christopher J. Flinn
In The Minimum Wage and Labor Market Outcomes, Christopher Flinn argues that in assessing the effects of the minimum wage (in the United States and elsewhere), a behavioral framework is invaluable for guiding empirical work and the The introduction of a search and bargaining interpretation of results. Flinn model to assess the develops a job search and wage welfare effects of bargaining model that is capaminimum wage changes and to determine an ble of generating labor market “optimal” minimum outcomes consistent with wage. observed wage and unemployment duration distributions, and also can account for observed changes in employment rates and wages after a minimum wage change. Flinn uses previous studies from the minimum wage literature to demonstrate how his model can be used to rationalize and synthesize the diverse results found in widely varying institutional contexts. He also shows how observed wage distributions from before and after a minimum wage change can be used to determine if the change was welfare-improving. More ambitiously, and perhaps controversially, Flinn proposes the construction and formal estimation of the model using commonly available data; model estimates then enable the researcher to determine directly the welfare effects of observed minimum wage changes. This model can be used to conduct counterfactual policy experiments — even to determine “optimal” minimum wages under a variety of welfare metrics. The development of the model and the econometric theory underlying its estimation are carefully presented so as to enable readers unfamiliar with the econometrics of point process models and dynamic optimization in continuous time to follow the arguments.
Christopher J. Flinn is Professor of Economics at New York University and Senior Research Fellow at Collegio Carlo Alberto in Moncalieri, Italy. January — 6 x 9, 344 pp. — 15 illus. $40.00S/£29.95 cloth 978-0-262-01323-9
JAPAN’S BUBBLE, DEFLATION, AND LONG-TERM STAGNATION
edited by Anil K Kashyap, Koichi Hamada, and David E. Weinstein foreword by Kazumasa Iwata
Japan’s economic bubble burst in the early 1990s, and the country entered its famous “lost decade” — a period of stagnation and economic New perspectives on disruption that persisted until Japan’s “lost decade” viewed in the context of 2003. The current declines in recent financial turmoil. global equity and real estate markets have eerie parallels to Japan’s economic woes of the 1990s. If we are to avoid repeating Japan’s experience on a global scale, we must understand what happened, why it happened, and the effectiveness (or ineffectiveness) of Japan’s policy choices. In this volume, prominent economists — Japan specialists and others — bring state-of-the-art models and analytic tools to bear on these questions. The essays generate new facts and new findings about Japan’s lost decade. The contributors offer forceful arguments showing that Japan’s experience, and the unconventional — sometimes unsuccessful — measures adopted by Japan’s government and central bank, offer valuable lessons for our post-boom world.
CONTRIBUTORS Kenn Ariga, Robert Barsky, Diego Comin, Robert Dekle, Kyoji Fukao, Koichi Hamada, Takeo Hoshi, Ryo Kambayashi, Anil K Kashyap, Takao Kato, Satoshi Koibuchi, Philip R. Lane, John Muellbauer, Keiko Murata, Maurice Obstfeld, Ryosuke Okazawa, Joe Peek, Ulrike Schaede, David E. Weinstein
Anil K Kashyap is Edward Eagle Brown Professor of Economics and Finance and Richard N. Rossett Faculty Fellow at the University of Chicago Booth School of Business. He is the coauthor of Corporate Financing and Governance in Japan: The Road to the Future (MIT Press, 2001). Koichi Hamada is Tuntex Professor of Economics at Yale University and the author of The Political Economy of International Monetary Interdependence (MIT Press, 1985). David E. Weinstein is Carl S. Shoup Professor of the Japanese Economy at Columbia University and the coeditor of Reviving Japan’s Economy: Problems and Prescriptions (MIT Press, 2005). January — 6 x 9, 464 pp. — 133 illus. $40.00S/£29.95 cloth 978-0-262-01489-2
POPULATION GAMES AND EVOLUTIONARY DYNAMICS
William H. Sandholm
This text offers a systematic, rigorous, and unified presentation of evolutionary game theory, covering the core developments of the theory from its inception in biology in the 1970s through recent advances. Evolutionary game theory, which studies the A systematic, rigorous, behavior of large populations comprehensive, and unified overview of of strategically interacting evolutionary game agents, is used by economists theory. to make predictions in settings where traditional assumptions about agents’ rationality and knowledge may not be justified. Recently, computer scientists, transportation scientists, engineers, and control theorists have also turned to evolutionary game theory, seeking tools for modeling dynamics in multiagent systems. Population Games and Evolutionary Dynamics provides a point of entry into the field for researchers and students in all of these disciplines. The text first considers population games, which provide a simple, powerful model for studying strategic interactions among large numbers of anonymous agents. It then studies the dynamics of behavior in these games. Ten substantial appendixes present the mathematical tools needed to work in evolutionary game theory, offering a practical introduction to the methods of dynamic modeling. Accompanying the text are more than 200 color illustrations of the mathematics and theoretical results; many were created using the Dynamo software suite, which is freely available on the author’s Web site. Readers are encouraged to use Dynamo to run quick numerical experiments and to create publishable figures for their own research.
William H. Sandholm is Professor of Economics at the University of Wisconsin–Madison. January — 7 x 9, 560 pp. — 188 color ilus. $65.00S/£48.95 cloth 978-0-262-19587-4 Economic Learning and Social Evolution series
THE THEORY OF MONEY AND FINANCIAL INSTITUTIONS
Volume 3 Martin Shubik
This is the third and last volume of Martin Shubik’s exposition of his vision of “mathematical institutional economics” — a term he coined in 1959 to describe the theoretical underpinnings The third and last volume of a work needed for the construction of aimed at providing an economic dynamics. The the theoretical goal is to develop a processunderpinnings for an oriented theory of money and economic dynamics. financial institutions that reconciles micro- and macroeconomics, using strategic market games and other game-theoretic methods. There is as yet no general dynamic counterpart to the elegant and mathematically well-developed static theory of general equilibrium. Shubik’s paradigm serves as an intermediate step between general equilibrium and full dynamics. General equilibrium provides valuable insights on relationships in a closed friction-free economic structure. Shubik aims to open up this limited structure to the rich environment of sociopolitical economy without dispensing with conceptual continuity. This volume considers the specific roles of financial institutions and government, aiming to provide the link between the abstract study of invariant economic and financial functions and the ever-changing institutions that provide these functions. The concept of minimal financial institution is stressed as a means to connect function with form in a parsimonious manner.
Martin Shubik is Seymour Knox Professor of Mathematical Institutional Economics (Emeritus) at Yale University’s Cowles Foundation and School of Management. He is the author of hundreds of scholarly articles and many books, including Game Theory in the Social Sciences, volumes 1 and 2 (MIT Press, 1982 and 1984) and the previous two volumes of The Theory of Money and Financial Institutions (MIT Press, 1999). January — 6 x 9, 672 pp. — 22 illus. $55.00S/£40.95 cloth 978-0-262-01320-8
THE INDIRECT SIDE OF DIRECT INVESTMENT
Multinational Company Finance and Taxation Jack M. Mintz and Alfons J. Weichenrieder
The recent increase in cross-border flows of foreign direct investment has sharpened the research focus on multinational taxation. In this book, taxation experts Jack Mintz and Alfons An examination of indirect finance Weichenrieder examine how structures used multinational corporations use by multinational indirect financing structures — corporations to organizing themselves into reduce their worldwide tax payments. groups with several tiers of ownership — to reduce worldwide taxes. They spell out in detail how different tax policies affect corporations’ choice of financing structures, discussing the issues in both theoretical and empirical terms. Drawing on a unique data set (MiDi) on German multinationals provided by the Deutsche Bundesbank in Frankfurt, Mintz and Weichenrieder confirm the prevalence of indirect financing structures for both outbound and inbound German investment. They find evidence of “treaty shopping” to avoid withholding taxes (using a third country with more favorable tax rates as a conduit through which to route investments) and of “debt shifting.” Mintz and Weichenrieder argue that increasing our knowledge of the tax reasons behind conduit investment will lead to a better understanding of how tax policy can affect macroeconomic flows of capital in the global economy. They review the trade-offs that governments face and discuss policy options, considering not only possible changes to corporate income tax policy but also the potential influence of international cooperation on countries’ domestic tax policy.
Jack M. Mintz is Palmer Chair in Public Policy at the University of Calgary’s School of Public Policy. He is the author of Most Favoured Nation: Building a Framework for Smart Economic Policy. Alfons J. Weichenrieder is Professor of Economics and Public Finance at the University of Frankfurt and Research Professor at Ifo Institute Munich. September — 6 x 9, 192 pp. — 35 illus. $35.00S/£25.95 cloth 978-0-262-01449-6 CESifo Book series
DIMENSIONS OF COMPETITIVENESS
edited by Paul De Grauwe
Competitiveness among nations is often approached as if it were a sports competition: some countries win medals, others lose out. This view of countries fighting it out in the economic arena is especially popular in business circles and among politicians. Economists, however, take a very different Leading economists approach to international ecoanalyze the multiple factors that drive nomic relations, arguing that competitiveness international trade leads not among nations in to winners and losers but to world markets. win-win situations in which all countries profit. In this volume, leading economists take on the sometimes-derided concept of competitiveness, demonstrating the value of systematic analysis in an area too often dominated by special interest groups who use (and abuse) the concept to advance hidden agendas. The chapters range from broad theoretical views to case studies, examining the multiple factors that drive competitiveness. Contributors consider the conceptual framework underlying the World Economic Forum’s approach to competitiveness; differences in per capita GDP between the United States and the European Union; an integrated approach to measuring competitiveness and comparative advantage; divergent trends in price and cost competitiveness in the euro area; methodological issues in constructing competitiveness indicators; taxation and international competitiveness; and a case study of Mexico’s competitiveness in world markets in comparison to China’s.
Paul De Grauwe is Professor of Economics at the Catholic University of Leuven, the author of Economics of Monetary Union, and editor of two previous books in the CESifo Seminar series published by the MIT Press, Exchange Rate Economics: Where Do We Stand? (2005) and (with Jacques Mélitz) Prospects for Monetary Union after the Euro (2005). September — 6 x 9, 304 pp. — 46 illus. $35.00S/£25.95 cloth 978-0-262-01396-3 CESifo Seminar series
economics economics/political science
REFORMING RULES AND REGULATIONS
Laws, Institutions, and Implementation edited by Vivek Ghosal
In recent years governments have paid increasing attention to weighing the socioeconomic benefits of regulations against their costs. Rules and regulations governing economic activity Experts examine how regulatory are typically formulated with and institutional a view to their benefits. Their environments affect the effects on the costs and ineffifunctioning of markets ciencies, in particular the and propose reforms. possible chilling effects on competition and innovation, have received limited attention. In this collection, experts from Europe, the United States, and Asia examine a range of issues related to the effect of rules and regulations on competition, and explore the role of key institutions that affect market outcomes. Their contributions argue for using quantitative methods to guide policy and reform rules and regulation, and many of the essays offer methodologies for assessment and recommendations for policy alternatives. Topics covered include the effectiveness of R&D tax incentives in OECD countries; the adverse effect of EU climate policy on competitiveness; telecommunication regulation in the developing countries of India, China, and Sri Lanka; the role of banks in fostering small and medium enterprises in Argentina and Chile; the evolution of the U.S. Federal Home Loan Bank (FHLB) System; and developing quantitative screening tools to assess which sectors in the economy might benefit most from regulatory reforms.
Vivek Ghosal is Professor of Economics at Georgia Institute of Technology and coeditor of The Political Economy of Antitrust. December — 6 x 9, 312 pp. — 41 illus. $35.00S/£25.95 cloth 978-0-262-01468-7 CESifo Seminar series
INSTITUTIONAL MICROECONOMICS OF DEVELOPMENT
edited by Timothy Besley and Rajshri Jayaraman
The narrative of development economics is now infused with discussions of institutions. Economists debate whether institutions — or other factors altogether (geography, culture, or religion) — are central to development. In this volume, leadLeading scholars ing scholars in development examine political, legal, social, and market economics view institutions institutions through a from a microeconomic permicroeconomic lens. spective, offering both theoretical overviews and empirical analyses spanning three continents. After substantial introductory chapters by Pranab Bardhan and Marcel Fafchamps, two scholars who have published important work on this topic, each of the remaining chapters examines a particular set of institutions in a unique setting. These chapters treat the effects of Angola’s violent conflict on that country’s development; institutional accountability in Uganda; the effect of Indonesia’s ethnic diversity on the distribution of public goods; the impact of trade liberalization on India’s investment climate; extended family networks in Mexico; and a microeconomic perspective on land rights in Ethiopia. The chapters demonstrate the remarkable heterogeneity of institutions — policy change is mediated through local market institutions, government institutions, and families — as well as the empirical and methodological ingenuity of current research into this crucial topic.
Timothy Besley is Kuwait Professor of Economics and Political Science and Director of STICERD (Suntory and Toyota International Centres for Economics and Related Disciplines) at the London School of Economics. He is the author of Principled Agents? The Political Economy of Good Government. Rajshri Jayaraman is Assistant Professor at the European School of Management and Technology, Berlin. September — 6 x 9, 256 pp. — 14 illus. $35.00S/£25.95 cloth 978-0-262-01406-9 CESifo Seminar series
international security/political science environment/political science
CONTENDING WITH TERRORISM
Roots, Strategies, and Responses edited by Michael E. Brown, Owen R. Coté Jr., Sean M. Lynn-Jones, and Steven E. Miller
Since the attacks of September 11, 2001, scholars and policy analysts in national security have turned their attention to terrorism, considering not only how to prevent future attacks but also the Experts explore the sources of contemporary roots of the problem. This terrorism, what terrorists book offers some of the latest want, and how the research in terrorism studies. United States and The contributors examine the other countries sources of contemporary tershould respond. rorism, discussing the impact of globalization, the influence of religious beliefs, and the increasing dissatisfaction felt by the world’s powerless. They consider the strategies and motivations of terrorists, offering contending perspectives on whether or not terrorists can be said to achieve their goals; explore different responses to the threat of terrorism, discussing such topics as how the United States can work more effectively with its allies; and contemplate the future of al-Qaida, asking if its networked structure is an asset or a liability.
Michael E. Brown is Dean of the Elliott School of International Affairs at the George Washington University. Owen R. Coté Jr. is Associate Director of the Security Studies Program at MIT and Coeditor of International Security. Sean M. Lynn-Jones is Research Associate at the Belfer Center for Science and International Affairs at Harvard University’s Kennedy School of Government and Coeditor of International Security. Steven E. Miller is Editor-in-Chief of International Security and Director of the International Security Program at the Belfer Center.
Emergent Patterns in International Environmental Governance Oran R. Young
International environmental regimes — institutional arrangements that govern human-environmental interactions — are dynamic, changing continuously over time. Some regimes go An analysis of patterns from strength to strength, of change in international environmental becoming more effective over regimes, with five case the years, while others seem studies illustrating the stymied from the beginning. patterns identified. Some regimes start strong, then decline; others are ineffective at first but become successful with the passage of time. In Institutional Dynamics, Oran Young offers the first detailed analysis of these developmental trajectories. Understanding the emergent patterns in environmental governance and how they affect regime effectiveness, he argues, is an important part of solving environmental problems. Young proposes a framework for analyzing patterns of institutional change based on the alignment of internal, endogenous factors — which include flexibility, monitoring procedures, and funding mechanisms — with such external, exogenous factors as the attributes of environmental problems, the political and economic contexts, and technological innovations. He offers five case studies of environmental regimes, governing environmental problems ranging from climate change to the protection of the Northern Fur Seal, each of which exemplifies one of the emergent patterns he has identified: progressive development, punctuated equilibrium, arrested development, diversion, and collapse.
Oran R. Young is Professor and Codirector of the Program on Governance for Sustainable Development at the Bren School of Environmental Science and Management, University of California, Santa Barbara, and Chair of the Scientific Committee of the International Human Dimensions Programme on Global Environmental Change. September — 6 x 9, 232 pp. — 3 illus. $24.00/£17.95 paper 978-0-262-51440-8 $48.00/£35.95 cloth 978-0-262-01438-0 Earth System Governance series
“It is hard to be stimulating and instructive on a subject that has held as much attention as has terrorism for a decade and more. But the essays in this volume combine those characteristics for the benefit of students and experts alike. The reader will come away with valuable new insights and perspectives.” — Philip B. Heymann, James Barr Ames Professor of Law, Harvard Law School, author of Terrorism, Freedom, and Security
July — 6 x 9, 464 pp. $28.00S/£20.95 paper 978-0-262-51464-4 International Security Readers
THE ENVIRONMENTAL POLITICS OF SACRIFICE
edited by Michael Maniates and John M. Meyer
The idea of sacrifice is the unspoken issue of environmental politics. Politicians, the media, and many environmentalists assume that well-off populations won’t make sacrifices now for future environmental benefits and won’t change their patterns and perceptions of consumption to make ecological room for the world’s three billion or so poor eager to improve their standard of living. The Environmental Politics of Sacrifice challenges these assumptions, arguing that they limit our policy options, weaken our ability to imagine bold action for change, and blind us to the ways sacrifice already figures in everyday life. The concept of sacrifice has been curiously unexamined in both activist and academic conversations about environmental politics, and this book is the first to confront it directly. The chapters bring a variety of disciplinary perspectives to the topic. Contributors offer alternatives to the conventional wisdom on sacrifice; identify connections between sacrifice and human fulfillment in everyday life, finding such concrete examples as parents’ sacrifices in raising children, religious practice, artists’ pursuit of their art, and soldiers and policemen who risk their lives to do their jobs; and examine particular policies and practices that shape our understanding of environmental problems, including the carbon tax, incentives for cyclists, and the perils of green consumption. The Environmental Politics of Sacrifice puts “sacrifice” firmly into the conversation about effective environmental politics and policies, insisting that activists and scholars do more than change the subject when the idea is introduced.
Michael Maniates is Professor of Political Science and Environmental Science at Allegheny College. He is the coeditor, with Thomas Princen and Ken Conca, of Confronting Consumption (MIT Press, 2002). John M. Meyer is Professor and Chair in the Department of Politics at Humboldt State University. He is the author of Political Nature: Environmentalism and the Interpretation of Western Thought (MIT Press, 2001). An argument that the idea of sacrifice, with all its political baggage, opens new paths to environmental sustainability.
August 6 x 9, 344 pp. $25.00S/£18.95 paper 978-0-262-51436-1 $50.00S/£37.95 cloth 978-0-262-01436-6
Peter Cannavò Shane Gunster Cheryl Hall Karen Litfin Michael Maniates John M. Meyer Simon Nicholson Anna Peterson Thomas Princen Sudhir Chella Rajan Paul Wapner Justin Williams
“This is an excellent, thoughtful, and original book. I came to the material skeptically and came away from it convinced that this is indeed an important area to explore, and that much more can be made of the idea of sacrifice than would generally be assumed.” — Andrew Dobson, Keele University
environment/political science environment/political science
GLOBAL COMMONS, DOMESTIC DECISIONS
The Comparative Politics of Climate Change edited by Kathryn Harrison and Lisa McIntosh Sundstrom
Climate change represents a “tragedy of the commons” on a global scale, requiring the cooperation of nations Comparative case studies that do not necessarily put the Earth’s well-being above their and analyses of the influence of domestic own national interests. And politics on countries’ yet international efforts to climate change policies address global warming have and Kyoto ratification met with some success; the decisions. Kyoto Protocol, in which industrialized countries committed to reducing their collective emissions, took effect in 2005 (although without the participation of the United States). Reversing the lens used by previous scholarship on the topic, Global Commons, Domestic Decisions explains international action on climate change from the perspective of countries’ domestic politics. In an effort to understand both what progress has been made and why it has been so limited, experts in comparative politics look at the experience of seven jurisdictions in deciding whether or not to ratify the Kyoto Protocol and to pursue national climate change mitigation policies. By analyzing the domestic politics and international positions of the United States, Australia, Russia, China, the European Union, Japan, and Canada, the authors demonstrate clearly that decisions about global policies are often made locally, in the context of electoral and political incentives, the normative commitments of policymakers, and domestic political institutions.
CONTRIBUTORS Steinar Andresen, Inga Fritzen Buan,
Kate Crowley, Kathryn Harrison, Gørild Heggelund, Laura A. Henry, Miranda A. Schreurs, Lisa McIntosh Sundstrom, Yves Tiberghien Kathryn Harrison is Professor and Lisa McIntosh Sundstrom is Associate Professor in the Department of Political Science at the University of British Columbia. August — 6 x 9, 320 pp. $25.00S/£18.95 paper 978-0-262-51431-6 $50.00S/£37.95 cloth 978-0-262-01426-7 American and Comparative Environmental Policy series
KNOWLEDGE AND ENVIRONMENTAL POLICY
Re-Imagining the Boundaries of Science and Politics William Ascher, Toddi Steelman, and Robert Healy
During the George W. Bush administration, politics and ideology routinely trumped scientific knowledge in making environmental policy. An analysis of the Data were falsified, reports challenges involved in incorporating science were edited selectively, and and other kinds of scientists were censored. The knowledge into making environmental policy. Obama administration has pledged to restore science to the policy making process. And yet, as the authors of Knowledge and Environmental Policy point out, the problems in connecting scientific discovery to sciencebased policy are systemic. The process — currently structured in a futile effort to separate policy from science — is dysfunctional in many respects. William Ascher, Toddi Steelman, and Robert Healy analyze the dysfunction and offer recommendations for incorporating formal science and other important types of knowledge (including local knowledge and public sentiment) into the environmental policymaking process. The authors divide the knowledge process into three functions — generation, transmission, and use — and explore the key obstacles to incorporating knowledge into the making of environmental policy. Using case studies and integrating a broad literature on science, politics, and policy, they examine the ignorance or distortion of policy-relevant knowledge, the overemphasis of particular concerns and the neglect of others, and the marginalization of certain voices.
William Ascher is Donald C. McKenna Professor of Government and Economics at Claremont McKenna College. Toddi Steelman is Associate Professor of Environmental and Natural Resource Policy in the Department of Forestry and Environmental Resources at North Carolina State University. Robert Healy is Professor of Environmental Policy at the Nicholas School of the Environment and Earth Sciences and Professor of Public Policy Studies at the Terry Sanford School of Public Policy at Duke University. August — 6 x 9, 280 pp. — 2 illus. $23.00S/£16.95 paper 978-0-262-51437-8 $46.00S/£34.95 cloth 978-0-262-01437-3 American and Comparative Environmental Policy series
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architecture/design political science/international affairs
Bruce Brown, Richard Buchanan, Dennis Doordan, and Victor Margolin, editors
The first American academic journal to examine design history, theory, and criticism, Design Issues provokes inquiry into the cultural and intellectual issues surrounding design. Special guest-edited issues concentrate on particular themes, such as science and technology studies, design research, and design critisicm.
Quarterly, ISSN 0747-9360 Winter/Spring/Summer/Autumn 109 pp. per issue — 7 x 10, illustrated http://mitpressjournals.org/di
WORLD POLICY JOURNAL
David A. Andelman, editor
World Policy Journal is a highly respected and widely cited forum on international relations. In addition to policy articles, it includes historical and cultural essays, book reviews, profiles, and reportage.
Quarterly, ISSN 0740-2775 Spring/Summer/Fall/Winter http://mitpressjournals.org/wpj World Policy Journal is published by MIT Press for the World Policy Institute.
Steven E. Miller, editor-in-chief Sean M. Lynn-Jones and Owen R. Coté Jr., editors
International Security publishes lucid, well-documented essays on the full range of contemporary security issues. Its articles address traditional policy issues such as war and peace, as well as more recent dimensions of security, including the growing importance of environmental, demographic, and humanitarian issues, and the rise of global terrorist networks.
Quarterly, ISSN 0162-2889 Summer/Fall/Winter/Spring 200 pp. per issue — 6 3/4 x 10 http://mitpressjournals.org/is
Karen Beckman, Branden W. Joseph, Reinhold Martin, Tom McDonough, and Felicity D. Scott, editors
Grey Room brings together scholarly and theoretical articles from the fields of architecture, art, media, and politics to forge a cross-disciplinary discourse uniquely relevant to contemporary concerns. In its first eight years, Grey Room has published some of the most interesting and original work within these disciplines, positioning itself at the forefront of the most current aesthetic and critical debates.
Quarterly, ISSN 1526-3819 Fall/Winter/Spring/Summer 125 pp. per issue — 6 3/4 x 9 1/2, illustrated http://mitpressjournals.org/grey
INNOVATIONS: TECHNOLOGYI GOVERNANCEIGLOBALIZATION
Philip Auerswald and Iqbal Z. Quadir, editors
Innovations is about entrepreneurial solutions to global challenges. The journal features cases authored by exceptional innovators; commentary and research from leading academics; and essays from globally recognized executives and political leaders. The journal is jointly hosted at George Mason University’s School of Public Policy, Harvard's Kennedy School of Government, and MIT’s Legatum Center for Development and Entrepreneurship.
Quarterly, ISSN 1558-2477 Winter/Spring/Summer/Fall 112 pp. per issue — 7 x 10 http://mitpressjournals.org/itgg
JOURNAL OF THE EUROPEAN ECONOMIC ASSOCIATION
Fabrizio Zilbotti, editor
Journal of the European Economic Association replaces the European Economic Review as the official journal of the association. Publishing articles of the highest scientific quality, JEEA is an outlet for theoretical and empirical work of global relevance. The journal is committed to promoting the EEA mission: the development and application of economics as a science, and the communication and exchange among teachers, students and researchers in economics.
Six times per year, ISSN 1542-4766 March/April-May/June/September/December 220 pp. per issue — 6 x 9 http://mitpressjournals.org/jeea
THE REVIEW OF ECONOMICS AND STATISTICS
Alberto Abadie, Philippe Aghion, Michael Greenstone (on leave), Dani Rodrik (chair), and Mark W. Watson, editors
The Review of Economics and Statistics is a distinguished general journal of applied (especially quantitative) economics. Edited at Harvard University’s Kennedy School of Government, The Review publishes the field’s most important articles in empirical economics, and, from time to time, symposia devoted to a single topic of methodological or empirical interest.
Quarterly, ISSN 0034-6535 February/May/August/November 192 pp. per issue — 8 1/2 x 11 http://mitpressjournals.org/rest
THE QUARTERLY JOURNAL OF ECONOMICS
Robert J. Barro, Elhanan Helpman, and Lawrence F. Katz, editors
The Quarterly Journal of Economics is the oldest professional journal of economics in the English language. Edited at Harvard University’s Department of Economics, it covers all aspects of the field — from the journal’s traditional emphasis on microtheory, to both empirical and theoretical macroeconomics.
Quarterly, ISSN 0033-5533 February/May/August/November 400 pp. per issue — 6 x 9 http://mitpressjournals.org/qje
arts and humanities
THE INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF LEARNING AND MEDIA — NEW FOR 2009
David Buckingham, Tara McPherson, and Katie Salen, editors
The International Journal of Learning and Media (IJLM) is a groundbreaking online-only journal that provides an international forum for scholars, researchers and practitioners to explore the relationship between emerging forms of media and learning, in a variety of forms and settings. Through scholarly articles, editorials, case studies, and an active online network, IJLM will publish contributions that address the theoretical, textual, historical, and sociological dimensions of media and learning, as well as the practical and political issues at stake. Published quarterly by the MIT Press, in partnership with the Monterey Institute for Technology in Education and with support from the John D. and Catherine T. MacArthur Foundation.
Quarterly, ISSN 1943-6068 Online only http://www.ijlm.net
arts and humanities arts and humanities
Phyllis Bendell, managing editor
Founded in 1955 as the Journal of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences, Daedalus draws on the enormous intellectual capacity of the American Academy, whose fellows are among the nation’s most prominent thinkers in the arts, sciences, and humanities. Each issue addresses a theme with six to ten original, authoritative essays on topics of current interest in the arts and sciences.
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THE NEW ENGLAND QUARTERLY
Linda Smith Rhoads, editor
For three-quarters of a century, The New England Quarterly has published the best that has been written on New England’s cultural, political, and social history. Contributions cover a range of time periods, from before European colonization to the present, and any subject germane to New England’s history.
Quarterly, ISSN 0028-4866 March/June/September/December 192 pp. per issue — 6 x 9 http://mitpressjournals.org/neq
Rosalind Krauss, Annette Michelson, George Baker, Yve-Alain Bois, Benjamin H. D. Buchloh, Hal Foster, Denis Hollier, David Joselit, Carrie Lambert-Beatty, Mignon Nixon, and Malcolm Turvey, editors
Original, innovative, and provocative, October presents the best and most current criticism about the contemporary arts, including film, painting, sculpture, photography, performance, music, and literature.
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LEONARDO/ LEONARDO MUSIC JOURNAL
Roger F. Malina, executive editor Nicolas Collins, LMJ editor-in-chief
Leonardo is the leading international journal in the application of contemporary science and technology to the arts and music. The companion annual journal, Leonardo Music Journal (including CD), features the latest in music, multimedia art, sound science, and technology.
Six times per year, ISSN 0024-094X February/April/June/August/October/December 109 pp. per issue — 8 1/2 x 11, illustrated http://mitpressjournals.org/leon
Marla C. Berns, Steven Nelson, Allen F. Roberts, Mary Nooter Roberts, and Doran H. Ross, editors
African Arts is devoted to the study and discussion of traditional, contemporary, and popular African arts and expressive cultures. Since 1967, readers have enjoyed high-quality visual depictions, cutting-edge explorations of theory and practice, and critical dialogue.
Quarterly, ISSN 0001-9933 Spring/Summer/Fall/Winter 88-100 pp. per issue 8 1/2 x 11, illustrated http://mitpressjournals.org/afar Published quarterly by the James S. Coleman African Studies Center and distributed by the MIT Press
COMPUTER MUSIC JOURNAL
Douglas Keislar, editor
For computer enthusiasts, musicians, composers, scientists, and engineers, this is the essential resource for contemporary electronic music and computer-generated sound. An annual music disc accompanies the last issue of each volume.
Quarterly, ISSN 0148-9267 Spring/Summer/Fall/Winter 128 pp. per issue — 8 1/2 x 11, illustrated http://mitpressjournals.org/cmj
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Aaaaw to Zzzzzd: The Words of Birds, Bevis 1 Absence of Work, Haidu 20 Access to Knowledge in the Age of Intellectual Property, Krikorian 50 Action, Ethics, and Responsibility, Campbell 77 Agar, Humanity’s End 86 Agony of Power, Baudrillard 44 Agreement and Head Movement, Roberts 89 Aguilar, Causing Human Actions 76 Air, Knechtel 28 Akmajian, Linguistics, sixth edition 87 Allure of Machinic Life, Johnston 70 America Identified, Nelson 72 Applying Cognitive Science to Education, Reif 67 Archeology of Violence, Clastres 46 Architecture at the Edge of Everything Else, Choi 23 Arguments as Relations, Bowers 88 Artwork Caught by the Tail, Baker 56 Ascher, Knowledge and Environmental Policy 100 Aspray, The Internet and American Business 65 Atlas of Science, Börner 38 Audio Programming Book, Boulanger 79 Auditory Neuroscience, Schnupp 85 Austin, Zen-Brain Reflections 58 Baker, The Artwork Caught by the Tail 56 Bartlett, FashionEast 12 Baudrillard, The Agony of Power 44 Bechtel, Discovering Complexity 77 Becoming MIT, Kaiser 39 Bennett, The Privacy Advocates 65 Besley, Institutional Microeconomics of Development 97 Bevis, Aaaaw to Zzzzzd: The Words of Birds 1 Blum, Laws, Outlaws, and Terrorists 32 Bogdan, Our Own Minds 74 Bogost, Newsgames 5 Bogost, Persuasive Games 62 Bolender, The Self-Organizing Social Mind 83 Boler, Digital Media and Democracy 62 Booth, Peer Participation and Software 81 Bordowitz, General Idea 40 Borgman, Scholarship in the Digital Age 66 Börner, Atlas of Science 38 Boulanger, The Audio Programming Book 79 Boundaries of Babel, Moro 69 Bowers, Arguments as Relations 88 Brandscapes, Klingmann 58 Brough, Perspecta 43 25 Brown, Contending with Terrorism 98 Brown, Walled States, Waning Sovereignty 48 Büttcher, Information Retrieval 91 Campbell, Action, Ethics, and Responsibility 77 Carens, The Case for Amnesty 26 Case for Amnesty, Carens 26 Causing Human Actions, Aguilar 76 Cesal, Down Detour Road 22 Choi, Architecture at the Edge of Everything Else 23 Cinematic Mythmaking, Singer 56 Cinque, The Syntax of Adjectives 88 Circuit Design and Simulation with VHDL, second edition, Pedroni 91 Clastres, Archeology of Violence, 46 CO2 Rising, Volk 53 Color for the Sciences, Koenderink 79 Comingled Code, Lerner 92 Computer Boys Take Over, Ensmenger 71 Conflicts of Conscience in Health Care, Lynch 61 Contending with Terrorism, Brown 98 Creating Scientific Concepts, Nersessian 67 Crimp, Mixed Use, Manhattan 16 Curio, Dynamic Faces 83 da Costa, Tactical Biopolitics 63 Dara Birnbaum, Demos 41 Daston, Objectivity 51 Dauvergne, The Shadows of Consumption 54 De Grauwe, Dimensions of Competitiveness 96 Demos, Dara Birnbaum 41 Denning, The Innovator’s Way 8 Design for Ecological Democracy, Hester 54 Designing Media, Moggridge 3 Designing Sound, Farnell 78 Diary of an Innocent, Duvert 47 Digital Media and Democracy, Boler 62 Dimensions of Competitiveness, De Grauwe 96 Discovering Complexity, Bechtel 77 Down Detour Road, Cesal 22 Duvert, Diary of an Innocent 47 Dynamic Coordination in the Brain, von der Malsburg 85 Dynamic Faces, Curio 83 Dyslexia, Learning, and the Brain, Nicolson 69 Embick, Localism versus Globalism in Morphology and Phonology 89 Enaction, Stewart 76 Enfoldment and Infinity, Marks 11 English, How to See a Work of Art in Total Darkness 57 Ensmenger, The Computer Boys Take Over 71 Environmental Politics of Sacrifice, Maniates 99 Erlmann, Reason and Resonance 49 Event-Cities 4, Tschumi 24 Failure, LeFeuvre 21 Fairlie, Race and Entrepreneurial Success 60 Farah, Neuroethics 86 Farmer, A Linguistics Workbook 87 Farnell, Designing Sound 78 FashionEast, Bartlett 12
Feenstra, Product Variety and the Gains from International Trade 93 Fields, Genetic Twists of Fate 7 Flanagin, Kids and Credibility 81 Flinn, The Minimum Wage and Labor Market Outcomes 94 Food Justice, Gottlieb 29 Freud's Mexico, Gallo 15 Frey, Happiness 60 From Betamax to Blockbuster, Greenberg 55 Gallo, Freud's Mexico 15 Gallo, Mexican Modernity 57 Gans, Parentonomics 52 General Idea, Bordowitz 40 Genetic Twists of Fate, Fields 7 Ghosal, Reforming Rules and Regulations 97 Gilman, No Precedent, No Plan 35 Global Commons, Domestic Decisions, Harrison 100 Good Faith Collaboration, Reagle 36 Gorman, Trading Zones and Interactional Expertise 73 Gottlieb, Food Justice 29 Grau, MediaArtHistories 63 Great Migrator, Ikegami 19 Greenberg, From Betamax to Blockbuster 55 Groys, History Becomes Form 18 Guattari, The Machinic Unconscious 45 Guillot, How to Catch a Robot Rat 6 Haidu, The Absence of Work 20 Happiness, Frey 60 Harper, Texture 10 Harrison, Global Commons, Domestic Decisions 100 Hayes, Health Informatics 74 Health Informatics, Hayes 74 Helmholtz, Meulders 33 Hester, Design for Ecological Democracy 54 History Becomes Form, Groys 18 Honest Signals, Pentland 52 Horn, Reconceptualizing the Industrial Revolution 73 How to Catch a Robot Rat, Guillot 6 How to See a Work of Art in Total Darkness, English 57 Humanity's End, Agar 86 Iiyoshi, Opening Up Education 55 Ikegami, The Great Migrator 19 Indiana, Last Seen Entering the Biltmore 42 Indirect Side of Direct Investment, Mintz 96 Information Retrieval, Büttcher 91 Innovator's Way, Denning 8 Insatiable Curiosity, Nowotny 66 Institutional Dynamics, Young 98 Institutional Microeconomics of Development, Besley 97 Instruction and Technology, Mehlenbacher 80 Internet and American Business, Aspray 65 Japan’s Bubble, Deflation, and Long-term Stagnation, Kashyap 94 Jin, Korea’s Online Gaming Empire 81 Johnston, The Allure of Machinic Life 70 Josephson, Lenin’s Laureate 34 Kaiser, Becoming MIT 39 Kashyap, Japan’s Bubble, Deflation, and Long-term Stagnation 94 Kennedy, Macroeconomic Essentials, third edition 93 Kids and Credibility, Flanagin 81 Klingmann, Brandscapes 58 Knechtel, Air 28 Knowledge and Environmental Policy, Ascher 100 Koenderink, Color for the Sciences 79 Korea's Online Gaming Empire, Jin 81 Krikorian, Access to Knowledge in the Age of Intellectual Property 50 Last Seen Entering the Biltmore, Indiana 42 Laughter, Parvulescu 14 Lavin, Push Comes to Shove 13 Laws, Outlaws, and Terrorists, Blum 32 Lécuyer, Makers of the Microchip 37 LeFeuvre, Failure 21 Lenin’s Laureate, Josephson 34 Lerner, Sacrifice Zones 30 Lerner, The Comingled Code 92 Ling, New Tech, New Ties 53 Linguistics Workbook, Farmer 87 Linguistics, sixth edition, Akmajian 87 Living with Complexity, Norman 4 Localism versus Globalism in Morphology and Phonology, Embick 89 Lukic, NONOBJECT 2 Lynch, Conflicts of Conscience in Health Care 61 Machinic Unconscious, Guattari 45 Mackenzie, Wirelessness 80 Macroeconomic Essentials, third edition, Kennedy 93 Makers of the Microchip, Lécuyer 37 Maniates, The Environmental Politics of Sacrifice 99 Marks, Enfoldment and Infinity 11 Marr, Vision 84 Mastrandrea, Preparing for Climate Change 27 MediaArtHistories, Grau 63 Medical Malpractice, Sloan 61 Mehlenbacher, Instruction and Technology 80 Memory Process, Nalbantian 84 Meulders, Helmholtz 33 Mexican Modernity, Gallo 57 Minimum Wages, Neumark 59 Mintz, The Indirect Side of Direct Investment 96 Mixed Use, Manhattan, Crimp 16 Moggridge, Designing Media 3
Moro, The Boundaries of Babel 69 Mueller, Networks and States 72 Music and Probability, Temperley 64 Nalbantian, The Memory Process 84 Neither Sun nor Death, Sloterdijk 43 Nelson, America Identified 72 Nersessian, Creating Scientific Concepts 67 Networks and States, Mueller 72 Networks of the Brain, Sporns 82 Neumark, Minimum Wages 59 Neumark, VOICE 78 Neuroethics, Farah 86 New Realisms: 1957-1962, Robinson 17 New Science of the Mind, Rowlands 75 New Tech, New Ties, Ling 53 Newsgames, Bogost 5 Nicolson, Dyslexia, Learning, and the Brain 69 No Precedent, No Plan, Gilman 35 NONOBJECT, Lukic 2 Norman, Living with Complexity 4 Nowotny, Insatiable Curiosity 66 Objectivity, Daston 51 Opening Up Education, Iiyoshi 55 Operations Rules, Simchi-Levi 9 Origins of Human Communication, Tomasello 68 Our Own Minds, Bogdan 74 Parentonomics, Gans 52 Parvulescu, Laughter 14 Pecchi, Revisiting Keynes 59 Pedroni, Circuit Design and Simulation with VHDL, second edition 91 Peer Participation and Software, Booth 81 Pentland, Honest Signals 52 Perspecta 43, Brough 25 Persuasive Games, Bogost 62 Pizlo, 3D Shape 70 Population Games and Evolutionary Dynamics, Sandholm 95 Preparing for Climate Change, Mastrandrea 27 Prime Movers of Globalization, Smil 31 Privacy Advocates, Bennett 65 Product Variety and the Gains from International Trade, Feenstra 93 Push Comes to Shove, Lavin 13 Race and Entrepreneurial Success, Fairlie 60 Reagle, Good Faith Collaboration 36 Reason and Resonance, Erlmann 49 Reconceptualizing the Industrial Revolution, Horn 73 Rediscovering Empathy, Stueber 68 Reforming Rules and Regulations, Ghosal 97 Reif, Applying Cognitive Science to Education 67 Revisiting Keynes, Pecchi 59 Roberts, Agreement and Head Movement 89 Robinson, New Realisms: 1957-1962 17 Robotics, Trinkle 90 Rowlands, The New Science of the Mind 75 Sacrifice Zones, Lerner 30 Sandholm, Population Games and Evolutionary Dynamics 95 Schnupp, Auditory Neuroscience 85 Scholarship in the Digital Age, Borgman 66 Self-Organizing Social Mind, Bolender 83 Shadows of Consumption, Dauvergne 54 Shubik, The Theory of Money and Financial Institutions, Volume 3 95 Simchi-Levi, Operations Rules 9 Singer, Cinematic Mythmaking 56 Sloan, Medical Malpractice 61 Sloterdijk, Neither Sun nor Death 43 Smil, Prime Movers of Globalization 31 Social Modeling for Requirements Engineering, Yu 90 Spielmann, Video 64 Sporns, Networks of the Brain 82 Stewart, Enaction 76 Stueber, Rediscovering Empathy 68 Syntax of Adjectives, Cinque 88 Tactical Biopolitics, da Costa 63 Temperley, Music and Probability 64 Texture, Harper 10 The Minimum Wage and Labor Market Outcomes, Flinn 94 Theory of Money and Financial Institutions, Volume 3, Shubik 95 3D Shape, Pizlo 70 Tomasello, Origins of Human Communication 68 Trading Zones and Interactional Expertise, Gorman 73 Trinkle, Robotics 90 Tschumi, Event-Cities 4 24 Video, Spielmann 64 Vision, Marr 84 VOICE, Neumark 78 Volk, CO2 Rising 53 von der Malsburg, Dynamic Coordination in the Brain 85 Walled States, Waning Sovereignty, Brown 48 Wirelessness, Mackenzie 80 Young, Institutional Dynamics 98 Yu, Social Modeling for Requirements Engineering 90 Zen-Brain Reflections, Austin 58
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