You are on page 1of 13

Evolution of the US

Navy
1865-2016
By: Joshua Vannoy

Post 1865 Navy


After 1865, the Navy was still mostly a wooden hull Navy with the exception
of a few ironclad ships.

This began to change after Britain and France began to Modernize their
Navies

Rise of the Engineer Age


There was the need for men who were specifically crafted in the skills of
designing and operating steam powered engines for the new fleet ships

Engineering Program formed out of Annapolis to decrease the difference


between Line Officers and Engineers

The attempt at this failed miserably due to a low number of graduates, and
was not revitalized until later.

New Generation, New Navy


In the late 1890s, there was an increase of naval construction with the
modernizing of the fleet with new battleships

First Engagement occurred at the battle of Santiago de Cuba


They destroyed the entire Spanish Caribbean fleet

WWI Navy
During WWI, new technology helped to advance our war in Europe.
Such examples were early Torpedo Boat Destroyers (Later Destroyers),
submarines, and Naval Aircraft.

Navy of WWII
Aircraft carriers played a major part in the Pacific war against the Japanese
after Pearl Harbor.

In the Atlantic, fast Destroyers reigned supreme against the U-Boats in the
Battle of the Atlantic

A Colder Kind of War


The navy had to advance through the Cold War with new technology such as
jets, Submarine launched ICBMs, and guided missiles.

US Navy first Jet Aircraft,


the F-86 Saber

The Navys newest Carrier based


Aircraft, the F-18E Super Hornet

A Colder Kind of War

USS Kitty Hawk

Racial Tensions Boil Over


USS Hassayampa

The Navy did not allow for equal treatment between African Americans, and
their White counterparts

Riots and sit-ins occurred on the USS Kitty Hawk, Constellation, and the
Hassayampa.

Afterwards, the Navy issued a policy of racial equality and everything settled
down.
USS Constellation

The Modern Navy


Considered the largest fleet in the world, while China is in second
In recent years, new classes of ships have been commissioned such as:

Freedom Class LCS

Independence Class LCS

Zumwalt Class Destroyer

The Modern Navy

America Class LHA

Gerald Ford Class Aircraft Carrier

Videos
https://www.youtube.com/
watch?v=zmOcDBKWEXI

Works Cited
Marolda, Edward. The US Navy in the Cold War, 1945-1991. 13 April 2015.
web. 12 February 2016.

McBride, William. Technological Change and the United States Navy: 1865-1945.
Baltimore, London: The John Hopkins University Press, 2000. Print.

Naval History and Historical Timeline. web. 12 February 2016.


Sherwood, John. Black Sailors: White Navy. New York: NYU Publishing, Print.