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Draft Report

System Impact Study Report


50 MW Felisa Solar Power Project
Prepared for:

Negros PH Solar Inc.


Barangay Felisa, Mansilingan, Bacolod City

By:

Power System Research and Consultancy Group

July, 2015

EXECUTIVE SUMMARY
This System Impact Study (SIS) is conducted for the 50 MW Felisa Solar Power
Project of Negros Ph Solar Inc. (NPSI) in Brgy. Felisa Bacolod City. The proposed
connection for this project is a direct connection to Bacolod 138 kV Substation.
The project currently has a 200 MW capacity endorsed by the Department of Energy
(DOE) over phases. The developers have since identified suitable land sites and have
made the requisite arrangements with the landowners for long-term leases. Various
irradiation, flood, topography and soil studies have already been conducted with
positive results. In addition many of the local and national approvals and permits
have since been obtained including local LGU endorsements. Technical layouts and
routing plans have also been identified and secured.
Currently there might be some anticipated constraint in the submarine
interconnection between Negros and Cebu islands due to various projects being
planned for but many of which may not get implemented. In light of this constraint
the capacity of the project was reduced to 50 MW for this current phase for ease of
implementation.
This project has been developed and structured to allow for a quick expansion of
another 60 MW in Phase II. The key milestone for this expansion would be the
alleviation of the potential congestion along the Cebu-Panay submarine cable. This
alleviation would be evident when either the submarine cable is reinforced or when the
various other projects included in the base data is formally terminated.
In December 2014, Italy's Prysmian was awarded this US$111 million project by the
NGCP for the design, supply, installation, and commissioning of a submarine power
cable link to connect Negros and Panay islands in the Philippines. The CNP-1 cable
connection is the first stage of a larger development plan by NGCP, aimed at
connecting the Cebu, Negros and Panay islands to each other and at strengthening the
country's power transmission network. The submarine cable link will be one of the
main assets to play a core role in this plan as it will back up the existing 138 kV oil
filled cable circuit, which is currently the only connection among the islands.
CNP-1 comprises of three HVAC (High Voltage Alternating Current) 230 kV single
core cables with XLPE insulation and single wire armouring along a 22 km submarine
route across the Guimaras Strait. As part of the complete system Prysmian will also
supply and install underground cables for the land portions of the link and will erect
the two Cable Terminal Stations (CTS) in Barotac Viejo on the Panay side and in

Magalona on the Negros side. Delivery and commissioning is scheduled for the first
half of 2016. Phase II (60MW) of the solar plant will be implemented after CNP-1 is
commissioned.
In addition, in April 2015 NGCP announced plans to invest P1.6 billion to upgrade a
transmission facility in Cebu that forms part of a broader Visayan backbone project to
implement the Cebu substation 230 kilovolt (kV) upgrade project, this project
represents the second stage of the Cebu-Negros-Panay (CNP) 230 kV backbone project
further strengthening the grid in the Visayas. NGCPs CNP project is generally
intended to accommodate all additional capacity from new power plants that will be
built in the Visayas.
With the anticipated alleviation in congestion, NPSI will be implementing the 60 MW
Phase II expansion of this solar in the second half of 2016 and request that this be
recognized for planning purposes.

Description

Phase I

Phase II
(once CNP-1 is
completed or
when capacity
avails itself)

Size MW

50.00

60.00

Time Frame

2015/2016

2016/2017

This study was performed in accordance with the Philippines Grid Code (PGC) and
NGCP requirements. The purposes of this study are as follows:
1. Analyze the steady-state, stability, and short circuit conditions of the grid with
the project;
2. Determine any upgrades to the transmission system that would be required to
mitigate any adverse impacts that the project could otherwise pose on the
reliability and operating characteristics of the transmission system in
accordance with the
PGC, NGCP standards and generally accepted
international transmission utility practices;
3. Determine any upgrades required to mitigate any degradation to transmission
transfer capability; and
4. Determine any upgrades required to mitigate any degradation to system
dynamic stability.
The primary area of concern of this study is the area around NGCPs Bacolod
Substation. Generated power from the proposed power plant will be transmitted to
Visayas grid through this substation.
In addition to the standard requirements of the PGC, the ERC had issued Resolution
No. 7 Series of 2013 imposing new requirements for intermittent power plants such as
this project. This proposed power plant should comply with those requirements,
compliance thereto should be demonstrated by field tests during testing and
commissioning.

STEADY STATE
Steady state thermal and voltage analyses were conducted to examine the comparative
system performance with and without the proposed project. The baseline performance
is based on the system without the proposed project. System performance was reevaluated with the project and compared with the baseline system. This approach
exposes the impact of the project on the system utilizing the criteria set by the PGC.
Steady state analysis was evaluated using a scenario where power plants at close
proximity to the project were dispatched to its maximum feasible levels for years 2016
and 2021. Peak load for 2016 and 2021 were respectively, 1,854.8 MW and 2,279.5
MW. Simulation at this dispatch scenario enabled the examination of the transmission
system to reliably operate with the proposed project integrated to the system.
Based on the steady state results the projects connection to the grid poses no
significant adverse impact on the reliability and operating characteristics of Visayas
grid. There was no significant voltage or thermal violations of reliability criteria
associated with the entry of the project considering its priority dispatch incentive
under the RE Law.

STABILITY
This evaluation consisted of application of faults on the system with the project using
peak base cases. The dynamic stability of the system during and after these faulted
conditions should conform to the requirements of the PGC. In addition, voltage,
frequency and power fluctuations or oscillations should dampen within the prescribed
period. Machine angle should also exhibit acceptable coherence.
In all tested fault conditions the project would pose no significant adverse impact on
the stability of the system.

FREQUENCY ASSESSMENT
Frequency assessment showed that the system frequency will not drop as low as 59.4
Hz with the outage of the proposed power plant. Automatic Load Dropping is not
expected during this loss-of-generation scenario.

SHORT CIRCUIT
Short-circuit analysis was conducted to determine the impact of the project on the
existing fault current levels in all substations. In this study, it was assumed that fault
duty of the circuit breakers installed in the system are as follows:

Volage Level
<69 kV
>69kV <138 kV
>230 kV

Rated Short
Circuit
Current (kA)
25
31.5
40

Simulation results indicate that the entry of the proposed project will not result to
fault levels beyond the fault duties of the existing circuit breakers.

CONCLUSION
This study revealed that the addition of NPSIs Phase I, the 50 MW Felisa Solar Power
Project has no significant impact on the reliability, stability and operating
characteristics of the Visayas power transmission system.
The proposed power plant could be safely and reliably integrated to Visayas grid.
Phase II 60 MW of NPSI project will be implemented once CNP-1 is commissioned or
when there is capacity in the grid when other projects are do not materialize.

TABLE OF CONTENTS
Executive Summary
Steady State
Stability
Frequency Assessment
Short Circuit
Conclusion
1.

Background Information ................................................................................................. 10

2.

Study Assumptions ......................................................................................................... 12


A.

Demand Forecast ..................................................................................................... 12

B.

Generation Expansions ................................................................................................ 12

C.

Transmission Expansions ......................................................................................... 14

D.

Grid Code Requirements ......................................................................................... 15

3.

Proposed Connection Arrangement and System Modelling ............................................ 19

4.

Load Flow Assessment .................................................................................................... 23


A.

Thermal Assessment Adequacy in Normal Conditions (Peak Conditions) ........... 24

B.

Thermal Assessment Adequacy in Single Outage Conditions (Peak Conditions)..... 25

C.

Voltage Assessment in Normal Conditions (Peak) .................................................. 26

D.

Voltage Assessment in Single Outage Condition (Peak Conditions) ....................... 27

5.

Fault Level Analysis ....................................................................................................... 28

6.

Stability Assessment ....................................................................................................... 30

7.

Frequency Assessment .................................................................................................... 32

8.

Summary and Conclusions .............................................................................................. 34

9.

Appendices

LIST OF TABLES
Table 1. Demand Projections for Visayas ............................................................................. 12
Table 2. Generator Capacity Additions for Visayas ............................................................. 13
Table 3. Power Circuit Breaker Fault Duty Rating ............................................................. 15
Table 4. Requirements at Different Frequency Range .......................................................... 17
Table 5. Lumped Generator Specifications ........................................................................... 20
Table 6. Generator Transformer Data .................................................................................. 21
Table 7. Transmission Line Data .......................................................................................... 21
Table 8. Dynamics Data for 50 MW Lumped Generator Units ............................................ 22
Table 9. Dynamics Data for the Electrical Controls ............................................................. 23
Table 10. 2016 Thermal Assessment (Peak, Normal Loading) ............................................. 24
Table 11. 2021 Thermal Assessment (Peak, Normal Loading) ............................................. 24
Table 12. 2016 Thermal Assessment (Peak, N-1 Loading) ................................................... 25
Table 13. 2021 Thermal Assessment (Peak, N-1 Loading) ................................................... 25
Table 14. 2016 Voltage Assessment (Peak, Normal Loading) ............................................... 26
Table 15. 2021 Voltage Assessment (Peak, Normal Loading) ............................................... 26
Table 16. 2016 Voltage Assessment (Peak, N-1 Loading) ..................................................... 27
Table 17. 2021 Voltage Assessment (Peak, N-1 Loading) ..................................................... 28
Table 18. Short Circuit Rating of Selected Substations in the Grid ..................................... 29
Table 19. Short Circuit MVA at Power Plant S/S (Peak Loading) ..................................... 29
Table 20. Summary of Dynamic Stability Simulations with Power Plant ............................ 31

LIST OF FIGURES
Figure 1. Generation Capacity Additions in Visayas ............................................................ 13
Figure 2. Transmission Expansion Projects in Visayas ......................................................... 14
Figure 3. Low Voltage Withstand Capability Requirement for Large Photovoltaic Systems 18
Figure 4. Connection Scheme for the Project ....................................................................... 19
Figure 5. Geographic Location of the Project ....................................................................... 20
Figure 6. Equivalent Model of the Grid in the Vicinity of the Project ................................. 22
Figure 7. Frequency Assessment, 2016 Peak Base Case ....................................................... 33
Figure 8. Frequency Assessment, 2021 Peak Base Case ....................................................... 33

1. BACKGROUND INFORMATION
Negros Ph Solar Inc. (NPSI) has embarked on developing this project by committing
significant resources and time to identify and secure key project specifics to ensure
project viability prior to applying for the various government permits and approvals.
This project has been under-development for the last 6 months with the proper site
selection and technical evaluation and local stakeholders engagement and relationship
building being developed to ensure project viability. The initial findings are very
optimistic. Necessary government permits were already secured.
This approach allows all the stakeholders, DOE, NGCP, Landowners, LGUs, etc. to
have better comfort and visibility that our Service Contract will crystalize into a real
project and not remain in development for years.
NPSI is a wholly owned Filipino corporation and was set up to fully focus on developing
the Philippine Solar market. The founder Ms. Maricel Montfort, a highly successful
native of Cadiz and currently residing in Bacolod and Manila, is a long-standing citizen
who has had extensive working experience abroad and has returned back to the
Philippines to take an active part in improving the lives of the local Filipinos through
various infrastructure projects. Ms. Montfort is currently active with several large
infrastructure and social developments throughout the Philippines. These include
medical facilities, orphanages, water-treatment/purification projects and land &
property investments. Being a very successful business lady, she is able to fully fund
the professional and proper development of these projects.
NPSI has identified Bacolod City as a suitable site for the Solar project. Bacolod has
a stable climate with adequate sunlight throughout the year and minimal risk of heavy
typhoons or flooding. Land is plentiful and the local government agencies are
supportive of such an initiative.
NPSI has been actively developing the project for the last 6 months and focused on
securing the right land location and negotiating with the landowners to ensure terms
and conditions and commercially viable for the project. NPSI has actively engaged the
local LGUs and have planned for CSR activities for the area once the project moves
ahead.

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50 MW Felisa Solar Power Project

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Land Status:
a) Identified and secured approximately 150 hectares with the landowners. Many
of the landowners are prominent local business people with good local standing.
Land Options have been signed for most of them and the rest will be complete
shortly and landowners are backing this project fully. NPSI has very good
relationships with all the landowners. In total NPSI aims to secure
approximately 280 hectares to build up to 200 MW.
b) NPSI had engaged professionals to conduct

Irradiation Studies

Flood studies

Topographical surveys

Soil studies

Connection routing and

Plant layout design

The site has ideal road access and is relatively flat with little flood risk. The
lands will not be an inconvenience any inhabitants. The landlords have
committed to ensure the site will be problem free and we will engage their local
individuals where possible.
c) The lands identified are outside the CARP jurisdiction and we have obtained
proper legal advice as well as advice from the local LGUs on the proper
procedure to ensure that the site is Solar ready. This has already been factored
in our evaluation.
d) The land titles have also been checked for any risk of foreclosure or
encumbrances being attached.
e) NPSI has also ensured that there are no sensitive or endangered trees on the
site and will not need any special approval or process.
This project proposes to connect to the grid through a direct connection to Bacolod
138 kV Substation. Direct connection had been preferred by NGCP to avoid
complicating the grid backbone protection system.

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The proposed connection would involve construction of approximately 3.5 km 138 kV


transmission line, a take-off substation at the power plant site and modifications at a
bay in Bacolod Substation to accommodate entry of the proposed power plant.
Conductors for this line should be 795 MCM ACSR equipped with appropriate
communication facility to convey revenue meter reading to NGCPs Bacolod
Substation.

2. STUDY ASSUMPTIONS
A. DEMAND FORECAST
Based on the 2013 Transmission Development Plan (TDP), there would relatively be
a significant increase in demand in Visayas Grid. Table 1 shows the demand
projections for the entire grid. Of greater interest for this proposed project is the
demand in Negros Island where the proposed facility will be injecting its power to the
grid. Bacolod Substation will be the main corridor of this project.

Table 1. Demand Projections for Visayas

Source: 2013 Transmission Development Plan

B. GENERATION EXPANSIONS
Based on the Department of Energys list of proposed generators, the 2013
Transmission Development Plan identified the grid reinforcements needed to cater the
incoming generators. The status of generator development are classified by the
Department of Energy as Committed, Indicative and Prospective. The
generators considered in the study is shown in Figure 1, corresponding table is shown
in Table 2.

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50 MW Felisa Solar Power Project

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Figure 1. Generation Capacity Additions in Visayas


Table 2. Generator Capacity Additions for Visayas

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50 MW Felisa Solar Power Project

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C. TRANSMISSION EXPANSIONS
Major developments in Negros island included in the 2013 TDP are as follows:
1. Negros-Panay Interconnection Uprating
2. Negros V Transmission Line Project
3. Visayas Substation Expansion I (Kabangkalan 1 x 50 MVA)
4. Visayas Substation Reliability I (Amlan 1 x 50 MVA, Bacolod 1 x 100 MVA
and Cadiz 1 x 50 MVA)
These proposed developments shown in Figure 2 as well as generation expansions were
included in the base cases and were considered in the assessments.

Figure 2. Transmission Expansion Projects in Visayas

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50 MW Felisa Solar Power Project

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D. GRID CODE REQUIREMENTS


The proposed projects performance was evaluated based on the criteria set by the
Philippine Grid Code, utilizing grid dispatch scenario where power plants near the
project were set at maximum dispatch to reflect the worst impact of the project to the
grid. Steady state voltage and thermal analyses examined system performance without
the proposed project in order to establish a baseline data. System performance was
re-evaluated with the project and compared with the previous baseline performance to
demonstrate the impact of the project on area transmission reliability.
The voltage limits adopted in this study were in compliance with the PGC which
requires that during normal and single outage contingency conditions, the voltage
should be within the range of 0.95 to 1.05 per unit. For the thermal limits, normal
thermal ratings shall not be violated under all-lines-in and single outage contingency
conditions. The steady state analysis was performed with both pre-contingency and
post-contingency solution parameters that allow adjustment of load tap-changing
transformers (LTCs), static var devices (SVDs) including switched capacitors and
phase angle regulators (PARs).
For short circuit studies, resulting three phase fault should not exceed the levels shown
in Table 3. These ratings are the standard fault duty rating of circuit breakers
connected to the grid.
Table 3. Power Circuit Breaker Fault Duty Rating
Voltage Level

Rated Short Circuit Current


(kA)

<69 kV

25

>69kV <138 kV

31.5

>230 kV

40

Stability analysis evaluated the impact of the project on transmission system


performance during the occurrence of disturbances or faults. The application of faults
established transmission system reliability performance under stressed transfer
conditions observing known stability limits. The stability criteria applied for
evaluation in the system is the PGC provision under Section 5.3.4.1 which requires:

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50 MW Felisa Solar Power Project

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1. The Grid remains stable after any Single Outage Contingency for all forecasted
Load conditions; and
2. The Grid remains controllable after a Multiple Outage Contingency. In the
case of Grid separation, no total blackout should occur in any Island Grid.
In this study however, only stability under single outage contingency conditions were
evaluated.
Applied faults were cleared (normal clearing) in compliance with the requirements of
the PGC Section 4.5.2.3 as follows:
1. 85 ms for 500 kV;
2. 100 ms for 230 kV and 138 kV; and
3. 120 ms for voltages less than 138 kV
Delayed clearing were simulated in accordance with the requirements of the PGC
which states:
The circuit breaker fail protection shall be designed to initiate the tripping of
all the necessary electrically-adjacent circuit breakers and to interrupt the fault
current within the next 50 milliseconds, in the event that the primary protection
system fails to interrupt the fault current within the prescribed Fault Clearance
Time
In addition to the standard PGC requirements, the Energy Regulatory Commission
(ERC) had issued Resolution No. 7 series of 2013 entitled Resolution Adopting and
Approving Addendum to Amendment No. 1 of the Philippine Grid Code, Establishing
the Connection and Operational Requirements for Variable Renewable Energy (VRE)
Generating Facilities. Under Article II Section 2 of this addendum, additional
requirements for large photovoltaic generation systems were prescribed as follows:
1.)
2.)
3.)
4.)
5.)
6.)
7.)

Section
Section
Section
Section
Section
Section
Section

2.1
2.2
2.3
2.4
2.5
2.6
2.7

Generating Unit Power Output


Frequency Withstand Capability
Reactive Power Capability
Performance During Network Disturbances
Voltage Control System
Active Power Control System; and
Power Quality

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50 MW Felisa Solar Power Project

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Generating Limit Power Output


The proposed power plant should continuously supply active and reactive power
depending on the availability of primary source within the frequency range of 59.760.3 Hz. It should be capable of interchanging reactive power at connection point
within 5% voltage variation. Outside this range and up to 10% voltage variation,
a reduction in active and/or reactive power may be allowed up to 5% of the generators
declared data.
Frequency Withstand Capability
Table 4 shows the allowable power plant frequency response.

Table 4. Requirements at Different Frequency Range

Reactive Power Capability


The proposed power plant should be capable of supplying reactive power output at its
connection point, within the limits of 0.95 pf lag and 0.95 pf lead.

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50 MW Felisa Solar Power Project

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Performance during Network Disturbances


The allowable voltage ride-through for the power plant is shown in Figure 3.

Figure 3. Low Voltage Withstand Capability Requirement for Large Photovoltaic


Systems

Voltage Control System


The proposed power plant shall be capable of contributing voltage control by
continuous regulation of the reactive power supplied to the grid under power factor
control mode wherein power factor is maintained at the connection point or voltage
control mode wherein voltage at the high voltage busbar of the proposed power plant
is maintained at a constant set-point.
Active Power Control System
The proposed power plant shall be capable of active power control to operate under
free active power production (no active power control) or under active power
constraint.

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50 MW Felisa Solar Power Project

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Power Quality
With the proposed power plant connected to the system and under normal operating
state, the Flicker Severity and Total Harmonic Distortion at the connection point shall
not exceed the values prescribed by the PGC
The proposed power plant will demonstrate compliance with these requirements
through testing to be conducted pursuant to Section 3.2.3.

3. PROPOSED CONNECTION ARRANGEMENT AND SYSTEM


MODELLING
In Figure 4 is shown the proposed connection for the project. This connection consists
of 138 kV transmission line directly connected to Bacolod 138 kV Substation. The
project will be equipped with a take-off substation at the power plant site connected
to a main bay at Bacolod Substation. The projects geographic location is shown in
Figure 5.
Proposed Power Plant

Figure 4. Connection Scheme for the Project

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50 MW Felisa Solar Power Project

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3.5 km 138 kV transmission line

Take-off Substation

Figure 5. Geographic Location of the Project

The technical specifications used to model the proposed connection assets of NPSI
solar power plant project are shown in Table 5 to Table 7.
Table 5. Lumped Generator Specifications
Power
Capability
(MW)
Pmax Pmin
50

Reactive Capability at
Full Dispatch (MVAR)
Qmax
0

System Impact Study for Negros Ph Solar Inc.s


50 MW Felisa Solar Power Project

Qmin
0

R Source
0

Remarks

X Source
99999

Refer to PSS/E
PV Modelling
Guide

Page 20

Table 6. Generator Transformer

Description

Tap Ratio

Grid
Transformers

22/138
D/Y

Present MVA
Tap
Tap
Rating Steps

Center

65

R (pu)

X (pu)
based on
System
MVA

0.178620

Table 7. Transmission Line Data


Line Name

Type

Length

Rate
(MVA)

R (pu)

X (pu)

B (pu)

NPSI take-off
138 kV tapping

138 kV, 795


MCM
ACSR

3.5 km

196

0.001580

0.008740

0.002290

The grid model or base cases used in this study for years 2016 and 2021 were provided
by NGCP. Both base cases were derived from the Transmission Development Plan
and considered transmission line and generator expansion plans for the period covered.
The scenario represented was peak loading condition, maximizing dispatch of power
plants in the vicinity of the project. Off-peak scenarios were not considered in the
assessment since the proposed power plant is not expected to operate during off-peak.
To reflect the priority dispatch scenario in the model, dispatch of conventional
synchronous machines in Negros and Panay areas were slightly reduced. In actual
application, these conventional plants dispatch will vary due to the intermittence of
the proposed power plant. Power plants with adjusted dispatch are as follows:
1.) Palinpinon Geothermal Power Plant (Negros)
2.) Nasulo Geothermal Power Plant (Negros)
3.) PGPP (Negros)
4.) Palm Thermal (Panay)
5.) PEDC Power Plant (Panay)

Equivalent model of the grid in the vicinity of the project is shown in Figure 6.

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Proposed 50 MW
Solar Power Plant

Figure 6. Equivalent Model of the Grid in the Vicinity of the Project

The 50 MW generator was modeled as lumped unit using PVGU1 in the dynamic
stability study while the electrical controls was modelled as PVEU1. Parameters
for the models are shown in Table 8 and Table 9 respectively. Other system dynamics
data were provided by NGCP.

Table 8. Dynamics Data for 50 MW Lumped Generator Units

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50 MW Felisa Solar Power Project

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Table 9. Dynamics Data for the Electrical Controls

4. LOAD FLOW ASSESSMENT


The results of the simulation for thermal adequacy are presented in Sections 4.A. and
4.B. while that for the voltages are shown in Sections 4.C. and 4.D.
Under normal loading conditions, considering the priority dispatch of intermittent RE
Generators, thermal loading of elements in the grid will remain within PGC required
limits. The number of grid loading violations during single-outage contingency
conditions essentially remained the same for major transmission line elements.
Voltages at other monitored substations during normal and contingency conditions
remained within the prescribed limits of the Philippine Grid Code.

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A. THERMAL ASSESSMENT ADEQUACY IN NORMAL CONDITIONS


(PEAK CONDITIONS)
The results of the simulations are given in Table 10 and Table 11 for the 2016 and
2021 base cases respectively.
Table 10. 2016 Thermal Assessment (Peak, Normal Loading)

Monitored Element
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11

Solar Hi-Bacolod 138 kV


Samboan-Pondol 138 kV
Pondol-Amlan 138 kV
Amlan Hi-Amlan SP
Amlan-Mabinay 138 kV
Kabankalan-Bacolod 138 kV
Bacolod-E. B. Magalona 138 kV L1
Bacolod-E. B. Magalona 138 kV L2
EB Magalona-Barotac Viejo 138 kV
Barotac Viejo-Dingle 138 kV
Barotac Viejo-Concepcion 138 kV

MVA
Rating
196.00
108.04
196.00
196.00
196.00
196.00
196.00
392.00
108.00
196.00
392.00

Peak Load Condition


Without
With
Silay Solar
Silay Solar
MVA
%
MVA
N/A
50.90
84.91
78.59
93.47
84.72
43.22
93.26
132.92
67.82
152.74
15.33
7.82
24.71
10.64
5.43
20.00
20.20
10.31
14.44
34.56
8.82
24.32
49.57
45.90
44.02
47.40
24.18
57.33
95.44
24.35
90.28

%
25.97
86.51
47.58
77.93
12.61
10.20
7.37
6.20
40.76
29.25
23.03

Table 11. 2021 Thermal Assessment (Peak, Normal Loading)

Monitored Element
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11

Solar Hi-Bacolod 138 kV


Samboan-Pondol 138 kV
Pondol-Amlan 138 kV
Amlan Hi-Amlan SP
Amlan-Mabinay 138 kV
Kabankalan-Bacolod 138 kV
Bacolod-E. B. Magalona 138 kV L1
Bacolod-E. B. Magalona 138 kV L2
EB Magalona-Barotac Viejo 138 kV
Barotac Viejo-Dingle 138 kV
Barotac Viejo-Concepcion 138 kV

System Impact Study for Negros Ph Solar Inc.s


50 MW Felisa Solar Power Project

MVA
Rating
196.00
108.04
196.00
196.00
196.00
196.00
196.00
392.00
108.00
196.00
392.00

Peak Load Condition


Without
With
Silay Solar
Silay Solar
MVA
%
MVA
N/A
50.94
69.60
64.42
89.32
69.45
35.43
89.09
97.69
49.84
147.09
6.03
3.08
21.93
6.37
3.25
20.68
27.08
13.82
27.58
42.82
10.92
43.22
47.90
44.35
47.02
27.67
14.12
27.41
82.62
21.08
82.69

%
25.99
82.67
45.45
75.05
11.19
10.55
14.07
11.03
43.54
13.98
21.09

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B. THERMAL ASSESSMENT ADEQUACY IN SINGLE OUTAGE


CONDITIONS (PEAK CONDITIONS)
Thermal N-1 adequacy assessments are given in and Table 12 and Table 13 for 2016
and 2021 base cases. The quantity of grid loading violations during this contingency
conditions essentially remained the same.
Table 12. 2016 Thermal Assessment (Peak, N-1 Loading)

Monitored Element
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11

Solar Hi-Bacolod 138 kV


Samboan-Pondol 138 kV
Pondol-Amlan 138 kV
Amlan Hi-Amlan SP
Amlan-Mabinay 138 kV
Kabankalan-Bacolod 138 kV
Bacolod-E. B. Magalona 138 kV L1
Bacolod-E. B. Magalona 138 kV L2
EB Magalona-Barotac Viejo 138 kV
Barotac Viejo-Dingle 138 kV
Barotac Viejo-Concepcion 138 kV

MVA
Rating
196.00
108.04
196.00
196.00
196.00
196.00
196.00
392.00
108.00
196.00
392.00

Peak Load Condition


Without
With
Silay Solar
Silay Solar
MVA
%
MVA
%
N/A
50.97
26.01
165.96
153.61
182.54
168.96
164.93
84.15
181.44
92.57
212.78
108.56
232.55
118.65
55.29
28.21
65.46
33.40
51.14
26.09
61.64
31.45
85.03
43.38
57.49
29.33
64.93
16.56
54.67
13.95
98.30
91.02
69.33
64.19
94.75
48.34
116.50
59.44
190.35
48.56
180.17
45.96

Table 13. 2021 Thermal Assessment (Peak, N-1 Loading)

Monitored Element
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11

Solar Hi-Bacolod 138 kV


Samboan-Pondol 138 kV
Pondol-Amlan 138 kV
Amlan Hi-Amlan SP
Amlan-Mabinay 138 kV
Kabankalan-Bacolod 138 kV
Bacolod-E. B. Magalona 138 kV L1
Bacolod-E. B. Magalona 138 kV L2
EB Magalona-Barotac Viejo 138 kV
Barotac Viejo-Dingle 138 kV
Barotac Viejo-Concepcion 138 kV

System Impact Study for Negros Ph Solar Inc.s


50 MW Felisa Solar Power Project

MVA
Rating
196.00
108.04
196.00
196.00
196.00
196.00
196.00
392.00
108.00
196.00
392.00

Peak Load Condition


Without
With
Silay Solar
Silay Solar
MVA
%
MVA
%
N/A
50.94
26.09
136.01
125.89
89.32
161.45
135.04
68.90
89.09
88.37
176.62
90.11
147.09
114.34
82.25
41.96
21.93
31.33
82.65
42.17
20.68
30.98
103.25
52.68
27.58
52.95
71.39
18.21
43.22
18.36
109.71
101.58
47.02
98.89
101.44
51.76
27.41
51.70
163.85
41.80
82.69
41.80

Page 25

C. VOLTAGE ASSESSMENT IN NORMAL CONDITIONS (PEAK)


Voltage assessment conducted on the system indicated that the entry of the project
will not result to voltage violations in the grid. Table 14 and Table 15 present the
results of voltage assessment for the 2016 and 2021 base cases respectively.
Table 14. 2016 Voltage Assessment (Peak, Normal Loading)

Monitored Substations

3 [NPHS_HI 138.000]
227601 COLON
138.00
227700 SAMBOAN 138.00
235500 BACOLOD 69.000
235501 BACOLOD 69.000
237100 PONDOL 138.00
237101 PONDOL 138.00
237200 AMLAN HI 138.00
237201 AMLAN SP 138.00
237300 MAB HI 138.00
237400 KABANKAL 138.00
237500 BACOLOD 138.00
237800 EBMAG1 138.00
237801 EBMAG2 138.00
247100 BTC VIEJ 138.00
247200 DINGLE 138.00
247700 CNCPCION 138.00

Peak Load Condition


Without
With
Silay Solar
Silay Solar
(kV)
(p.u.)
(kV)
(p.u.)
N/A
1.0142
139.95
136.80
0.9913
0.9903
136.66
137.31
0.9950
0.9917
136.85
70.46
1.0212
1.0196
70.35
70.46
1.0212
1.0196
70.35
138.48
1.0035
1.0017
138.23
138.48
1.0035
1.0017
138.23
137.99
0.9999
0.9984
137.78
137.99
0.9999
0.9984
137.78
138.86
1.0062
1.0042
138.58
139.35
1.0098
1.0078
139.08
140.18
1.0158
1.0143
139.97
140.90
1.0210
1.0213
140.94
141.06
1.0222
1.0211
140.91
141.20
1.0232
1.0217
140.99
140.03
1.0147
1.0134
139.85
141.51
1.0254
1.0244
141.37

Table 15. 2021 Voltage Assessment (Peak, Normal Loading)

Monitored Substations

3 [NPHS_HI 138.000]
227601 COLON
138.00
227700 SAMBOAN 138.00
235500 BACOLOD 69.000
System Impact Study for Negros Ph Solar Inc.s
50 MW Felisa Solar Power Project

Peak Load Condition


Without
With
Silay Solar
Silay Solar
(kV)
(p.u.)
(kV)
(p.u.)
N/A
1.0055
138.75
1.0093
139.28
1.0066
138.91
0.9987
137.82
0.9918
136.87
1.0074
69.51
1.0044
69.30
Page 26

235501 BACOLOD 69.000


237100 PONDOL 138.00
237101 PONDOL 138.00
237200 AMLAN HI 138.00
237201 AMLAN SP 138.00
237300 MAB HI 138.00
237400 KABANKAL 138.00
237500 BACOLOD 138.00
237800 EBMAG1 138.00
237801 EBMAG2 138.00
247100 BTC VIEJ 138.00
247200 DINGLE 138.00
247700 CNCPCION 138.00

1.0074
1.0033
1.0033
0.9991
0.9991
1.0032
1.0052
1.0084
1.0183
1.0215
1.0233
1.0107
1.0330

69.51
138.46
138.46
137.88
137.88
138.44
138.72
139.16
140.53
140.97
141.22
139.48
142.55

1.0044
1.0003
1.0003
0.9963
0.9963
0.9999
1.0019
1.0056
1.0164
1.0197
1.0216
1.0098
1.0320

69.30
138.04
138.04
137.49
137.49
137.99
138.26
138.77
140.26
140.72
140.98
139.35
142.42

D. VOLTAGE ASSESSMENT IN SINGLE OUTAGE CONDITION (PEAK


CONDITIONS)
Results of voltage assessment during contingency conditions are shown in Table 16
and Table 17 for the 2016 and 2021 base cases respectively. No deviations from the
PGC prescribed limits are expected upon the entry of the proposed project to the grid.
Table 16. 2016 Voltage Assessment (Peak, N-1 Loading)

Monitored Substations

3 [NPHS_HI 138.000]
227601 COLON
138.00
227700 SAMBOAN 138.00
235500 BACOLOD 69.000
235501 BACOLOD 69.000
237100 PONDOL 138.00
237101 PONDOL 138.00
237200 AMLAN HI 138.00
237201 AMLAN SP 138.00
237300 MAB HI 138.00
237400 KABANKAL 138.00
237500 BACOLOD 138.00
237800 EBMAG1 138.00
237801 EBMAG2 138.00
247100 BTC VIEJ 138.00
System Impact Study for Negros Ph Solar Inc.s
50 MW Felisa Solar Power Project

Peak Load Condition


Without
With
Silay Solar
Silay Solar
Min
Max
Min
Max
N/A
0.9961
1.0242
0.9754
0.9971
0.9748
0.9958
0.9743
1.0043
0.9694
1.0035
0.9970
1.0326
1.0006
1.0304
0.9970
1.0326
1.0006
1.0304
0.9899
1.0068
0.9883
1.0066
0.9889
1.0069
0.9874
1.0067
0.9889
1.0032
0.9874
1.0028
0.9889
1.0032
0.9874
1.0028
0.9943
1.0141
0.9893
1.0125
0.9972
1.0208
0.9939
1.019
0.9927
1.0235
0.9961
1.0242
0.9995
1.0277
0.9974
1.0287
0.9941
1.0270
0.9976
1.0273
1.0060
1.0277
1.0046
1.0276
Page 27

247200 DINGLE 138.00


247700 CNCPCION 138.00

1.0045
1.0149

1.0210
1.0282

1.0033
1.0140

1.0203
1.0280

Table 17. 2021 Voltage Assessment (Peak, N-1 Loading)

Monitored Substations

3 [NPHS_HI 138.000]
227601 COLON
138.00
227700 SAMBOAN 138.00
235500 BACOLOD 69.000
235501 BACOLOD 69.000
237100 PONDOL 138.00
237101 PONDOL 138.00
237200 AMLAN HI 138.00
237201 AMLAN SP 138.00
237300 MAB HI 138.00
237400 KABANKAL 138.00
237500 BACOLOD 138.00
237800 EBMAG1 138.00
237801 EBMAG2 138.00
247100 BTC VIEJ 138.00
247200 DINGLE 138.00
247700 CNCPCION 138.00

Peak Load Condition


Without
With
Silay Solar
Silay Solar
Min
Max
Min
Max
0.9612
1.0155
0.9999
1.0132
0.9973
1.0107
0.982
1.0042
0.9716
1.0028
0.964
1.0245
0.9574
1.0195
0.964
1.0245
0.9574
1.0195
0.9888
1.0067
0.9862
1.0046
0.9879
1.0067
0.9853
1.0046
0.9879
1.0027
0.9853
1.0003
0.9879
1.0027
0.9853
1.0003
0.9805
1.01
0.9838
1.0075
0.9801
1.0153
0.9777
1.0125
0.9675
1.0199
0.9613
1.0155
0.9901
1.0279
0.9866
1.0262
0.9689
1.0287
0.9627
1.0259
1.0054
1.0301
1.0046
1.0275
0.9941
1.0168
0.9975
1.0154
1.0221
1.0371
1.0217
1.0355

5. FAULT LEVEL ANALYSIS


The fault current assessment determined the fault level at various buses/substations
in the grid in the vicinity of the proposed power plant. The entry of the proposed
project would not result to fault current exceeding the allowable levels. The resulting
short circuit currents are shown in Table 18. Table 19 shows the short circuit MVA
at the power plant high voltage substation.

System Impact Study for Negros Ph Solar Inc.s


50 MW Felisa Solar Power Project

Page 28

Table 18. Short Circuit Rating of Selected Substations in the Grid

Substation

3 [NPHS_HI 138.000]
237500 [BACOLOD 138.00]
235501 [BACOLOD 69.000]
235500 [BACOLOD 69.000]
237800 [EBMAG1 138.00]
237801 [EBMAG2 138.00]
247100 [BTC VIEJ 138.00]
247700 [CNCPCION 138.00]
247200 [DINGLE 138.00]
237400 [KABANKAL 138.00]
237300 [MAB HI 138.00]
237200 [AMLAN HI 138.00]
237201 [AMLAN SP 138.00]
237100 [PONDOL 138.00]
227700 [SAMBOAN 138.00]
227601 [COLON
138.00]

Peak Load Condition


Without
With
Silay Solar
Silay Solar
2016
2021
2016
2021
N/A
N/A
13,807.40
13,540.00
8,279.20
8,143.70 8,361.50 8,009.80
10,118.20 9,956.30 10,200.30 9,779.30
10,118.20 9,956.30 10,200.30 9,779.30
6,700.40 6,613.40 6,730.80 6,472.00
9,896.80
9,761.90 10,025.70 9,658.50
10,450.30 10,307.70 10,599.50 10,218.90
9,917.10 9,806.70 10,073.60 9,773.70
10,987.80 10,858.90 11,179.00 10,780.30
5,771.00 5,701.80 5,759.00 5,578.90
5,737.40 5,679.60 5,712.20 5,559.60
8,287.90 8,227.60 8,279.20 8,111.80
8,287.90 8,227.60 8,279.20 8,111.80
7,434.40 7,379.90 7,417.20 7,266.50
7,453.70 7,388.90 7,448.20 7,273.00
20,813.60 20,750.50 22,803.90 22,552.80

Table 19. Short Circuit MVA at Power Plant S/S (Peak Loading)
Short Circuit MVA and X/R
at Solar 69kV Bus
Peak Load Condition
2016
2021
MVA
X/R
MVA
X/R
1,650.15 4.8616 1,618.19 4.43667

System Impact Study for Negros Ph Solar Inc.s


50 MW Felisa Solar Power Project

Page 29

6. STABILITY ASSESSMENT
Stability analysis assessed the impact of the project to the transient stability
performance of the grid. The analysis was based on the assumptions and methodology
described in the previous sections. The stability plots are included in the Appendices.
The 3-phase faults were applied on transmission line segments followed by
tripping/outage of the segments at normal and delayed clearing times.
The segments where faults were applied are as follows:
1. Fault at Solar Hi-Bacolod 138 kV Line with Tripping
2. Fault at Bacolod-EBMAG1 138 kV Line with Tripping
3. Fault at Bacolod-EBMAG2 138 kV Line with Tripping
4. Fault at Bacolod-Kabankalan 138 kV Line with Tripping
5. Fault at Bacolod 138/69 kV Transformer (T2) with Tripping
6. Fault at Bacolod-BRGS TAP 69 kV Line with Tripping
7. Fault at Bacolod 138/69 kV Transformer (T1) with Tripping
8. Fault at Kabankalan-Mabinay HI 138 kV Line with Tripping
9. Fault at Amlan HI-Mabinay HI 138 kV Line with Tripping

Bus faults applied to the system are as follows:


1. Bus Fault at NPHS_HI 138 kV Bus (3)
2. Bus Fault at BACOLOD 138 kV Bus (237500)
3. Bus Fault at EBMAG1 138 kV Bus (237800)
4. Bus Fault at EBMAG2 138 kV Bus (237801)
5. Bus Fault at KABANKAL 138 kV Bus (237400)
6. Bus Fault at MAB HI 138 kV Bus (237300)
7. Bus Fault at AMLAN SP 138 kV Bus (237201)
8. Bus Fault at DINGLE 138 kV Bus (247200)

These three phase faults were later isolated at normal and delayed clearing times. As
a stability criteria, for the transient stability assessment, parameters namely, machine
angle, bus voltages, bus frequency and generator power swing during and after the
system disturbance should have acceptable damping and coherence.
System Impact Study for Negros Ph Solar Inc.s
50 MW Felisa Solar Power Project

Page 30

The results of the stability simulation indicated acceptable response of the system
parameters with the proposed facility integrated, damping mostly within the first ten
(10) seconds after the application of fault. The summary of dynamic stability
simulations is shown in Table 20 for scenarios with the power plant.

Table 20. Summary of Dynamic Stability Simulations with Power Plant


Status of Grid
2016 Base Case

Applied Fault

2021 Base Case

Normal Delayed Normal Delayed


Clearing Clearing Clearing Clearing
BUS FAULTS
1. Bus Fault at NPHS_HI 138 kV Bus (3)
2. Bus Fault at BACOLOD 138 kV Bus (237500)
3. Bus Fault at EBMAG1 138 kV Bus (237800)
4. Bus Fault at EBMAG2 138 kV Bus (237801)
5. Bus Fault at KABANKAL 138 kV Bus (237400)
6. Bus Fault at MAB HI 138 kV Bus (237300)
7. Bus Fault at AMLAN SP 138 kV Bus (237201)
8. Bus Fault at DINGLE 138 kV Bus (247200)

Stable

Stable

Stable

Stable

Stable

Stable

Stable

Stable

Stable

Stable

Stable

Stable

Stable

Stable

Stable

Stable

Stable

Stable

Stable

Stable

Stable

Stable

Stable

Stable

Stable

Stable

Stable

Stable

Stable

Stable

Stable

Stable

Stable

Stable

Stable

Stable

Stable

Stable

Stable

Stable

Stable

Stable

Stable

Stable

Stable

Stable

Stable

Stable

Stable

Stable

Stable

Stable

LINE FAULTS
1. Fault at Solar Hi-Bacolod 138 kV Line with Tripping
2. Fault at Bacolod-EBMAG1 138 kV Line with Tripping
3. Fault at Bacolod-EBMAG2 138 kV Line with Tripping
4. Fault at Bacolod-Kabankalan 138 kV Line with
Tripping
5. Fault at Bacolod 138/69 kV Transformer (T2) with
Tripping

System Impact Study for Negros Ph Solar Inc.s


50 MW Felisa Solar Power Project

Page 31

6. Fault at Bacolod-BRGS TAP

69 kV Line with

Tripping

Stable

Stable

Stable

Stable

Stable

Stable

Stable

Stable

Stable

Stable

Stable

Stable

Stable

Stable

Stable

Stable

7. Fault at Bacolod 138/69 kV Transformer (T1) with


Tripping
8. Fault at Kabankalan-Mabinay HI 138 kV Line with
Tripping
9. Fault at Amlan HI-Mabinay HI 138 kV Line with
Tripping

7. FREQUENCY ASSESSMENT
Frequency assessment evaluates if the loss of the proposed power plant will not cause
the frequency to drop below 59.4 Hz frequency limit set by PGC. For 2016 and 2021
base cases, the frequency will not fall as low as 59.4 Hz. The outage of the proposed
power plant will not result to Automatic Load Dropping (ALD). Figure 7 and Figure
8 shows the results of frequency assessments for 2016 and 2021 base cases respectively.

System Impact Study for Negros Ph Solar Inc.s


50 MW Felisa Solar Power Project

Page 32

Figure 7. Frequency Assessment, 2016 Peak Base Case

Figure 8. Frequency Assessment, 2021 Peak Base Case


System Impact Study for Negros Ph Solar Inc.s
50 MW Felisa Solar Power Project

Page 33

8. SUMMARY AND CONCLUSIONS


This study was conducted to assess the impact of the proposed 50 MW Felisa Solar
Power Project on the reliability, stability and operating characteristics of the Visayas
Grid. Steady state, stability and short-circuit conditions were analyzed. Proposed
connection for this project is a direct connection to Bacolod 138 kV Substation.
Steady state assessment with the project in-service showed no significant voltage or
thermal violations of reliability criteria. Considering the priority dispatch of
intermittent RE Generators, thermal loading of elements in the grid will remain within
PGC required limits.
Short circuit analyses concluded that the project did not alter adversely the short
circuit duties of the baseline system.
Transient stability assessment simulated a set of faults. None of the faults tested
showed unstable response of the system with the project integrated.
Frequency assessment showed that the system frequency will not drop as low as 59.4
Hz with the outage of the proposed power plant. Automatic Load Dropping is not
expected during this loss-of-generation scenario.
As a general conclusion, this System Impact Study revealed that the addition of NPSIs
first project phase, the 50 MW Felisa Solar Power Project has no significant system
impact to the stability, reliability, and operating characteristics of the Visayas Grid.
The proposed project could be safely and reliably integrated to Visayas. Subsequent
phases of the project will be implemented upon NGCPs reinforcement of the
submarine interconnection.

System Impact Study for Negros Ph Solar Inc.s


50 MW Felisa Solar Power Project

Page 34

APPENDICES

Appendix A
2016 Bus Fault Normal Clearing

Appendix B
2016 Bus Fault Delayed Clearing

Appendix C
2016 Line Fault Normal Clearing

Appendix D
2016 Line Fault Delayed Clearing

Appendix E
2021 Bus Fault Normal Clearing

Appendix F
2021 Bus Fault Delayed Clearing

Appendix G
2021 Line Fault Normal Clearing

Appendix H
2021 Line Fault Delayed Clearing

Appendix I
Power Flow Plots

2016 Peak Base Case, Normal Loading, Without the Proposed Plant

2016 Peak Base Case, Normal Loading, With the Proposed Plant

2021 Peak Base Case, Normal Loading, Without the Proposed Plant

2021 Peak Base Case, Normal Loading, With the Proposed Plant