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C.S.

EMains1985
BOTANY

PAPERI
SECTIONA
1.Answeranythreeofthefollowing:
Answerstoparts(b),(c)and(d)shouldnotexceed200wordseach:
(a)Writethecorrecttechnicaltermforthefollowing
(i)Developmentalpatternbywhichtheoutermostlayersofxylemdifferentiatebefore
anyothers.
(ii)Processofsexualreproductioninwhichalargenonmotileeggisfertilizedbya
smallermalegamete.
(iii)Hairlikestructurecommoninlowerorganismsusedforabsorptionandanchorage.
(iv)Accessoryfruitdevelopedfromafloralreceptacleratherthanfromanovary.
(v)Akindofinflorescenceinwhichflowersarelocatedsessileonanelongatedaxis.
(b)Whatissyngamy?Doesitoccurinbacteria?Explain.
(c)CompareandcontrastthelifecyclesofSaprolegniaandVaucheria.
(d)Presentthedifferencesthatdistinguishliverworts,bornwortsandmosses.Whatarethe
commoncharacteristicsshoredbyallofthem?
2.(a)Doyouconsiderthatheterosporyinpteridophyteshasledtoseedhabit?Explain.
(b)WouldyoudesignatethelifecycleofPinusashaplontic,diplonaplonticordiplomatic?
Explainsuitably.
3.(a)WhatistheuniquefeatureofGinkgowithrespecttoitsevolutionaryhistory?
(b)Differentiatebetweencarposporophyteandtetrasporophyte.Whatistheploidyofeach?
(c)WhyareyeastsincludedinAscomycota?Explainwithreasons.
4.(a)OutlinethenatureofvascularsysteminEquisetumandferns.Whichismoreadvanced?
Why?
(b)Whyareslimemoldssometimesclassifiedasanimals?Explainhowtheyareplantlikeand
givethecharacteristicsofthedifferentclassesofslimemolds.
SECTIONB
5.Answeranythreeofthefollowing:
Answersshouldnotexceed200wordsforeachpart.
(a)Whatisquiescentcentre?Brieflyexplainthenatureofapicalineristems.
(b)Summariesthedevelopmentofdifferenttypesofembryosacsinangiosperms.
(c)Discusstheroleofbiosystematicsintheunderstandingofthetaxonomyofangiosperms.
(d)Explaintheroleofsymmetryandpolarityinplantmorphogenesis.
6.Discussanytwoofthefollowing:
(a)Distinctiveanatomyofthemonocotyledonousstemwithsuitablediagrams.
(b)Theroleoflightinmorphogenesis.
(c)Themostimportantapplicationsoftissueculturemethodinagriculture.
7.Describetheuniquenessofthefollowing:
(a)AndroeciuminAsclepiadaceae.
(b)CorollainScrophulariaceae.
(c)PollinationinLabiatate.
(d)GynoeciuminCyperaceae.

(e)FruiteandseedinUmbelliferae.
8.Answeranythreeusingnotmorethan200wordsforeachpart:
(a)DiscussthemeritsanddemeritsofthesystemofclassificationproposedbyHatchinson.
(b)Givethemostimportantfeaturesofthefamilypalmaeanddiscussitsphylogenetic
relationships.
(c)Bringouttheimportanceofpalynologyinthephylogeneticsystemsofclassification.
(d)Presentacriticalaccountofthedevelopmentofmicrosporangiuminangiosperms.
PAPERII
SECTIONA
1.Answeranythreeofthefollowingusingnotmorethan200wordsforeachpart:
(a)Distinguishbetweenlysosomeandperoxisome.
(b)Howareadjacentcellsinhigherplantsheldtogether?Describethefunctionsof
plasmodesmatta.
(c)Mitochondriaisacellwithinacell.Discuss.
(d)TheuseofSchiffsaldehydereaction.
2.Explainthefluidmosaicmodelofbiomembrane.
3.DescribetheexperimentsthatledtotheformulationofOperontheory
4.Answeranythreeofthefollowing:
(a)Explainthecoacervatehyyothesis.
(b)Enumerategeneticevidencesforevolution.
(c)Howhaveisolationmechanismsinflucncedevolution?
(d)Differentiatebetweenplasmidandcosmid.
SECTIONB
5.Answeranythreeofthefollowinginnotmorethan200wordsforeachpart:
(a)Listthemajorchemicalgroupfoundin
(i)cellwall
(ii)chromosome
(iii)ribosome
(iv)oildroplet
(v)uncleosome.
(b)Whenapotatotuberiscut,itturnsbrown,Explain.
(c)Mangrovesprotectthecoastalsoilfromerosion.Justifytheclaim.
(d)Listthreemajorplantproductsexportedfromourcountry.Writetheirbotanicalnamesand
theStatesinwhichtheyarecultivated.
6.WhyisHatchSlackpathwayofphotosynthesisconsideredefficient?Describethepathway.
7.(a)Describeenergyflowinanecosystem.
(b)Anenvironmentalscientistwasshipwreckedandfoundhimselfinabarrenrockislandwith
verylittlevegetation.Fortunately,alargeboxcontainingcornflakesandaboxcontaininga
dozenhenswerealsofoundintheislandbythescientist.Thescientistwantstolivewhile
awaitingrescue.Whenheshoulddoinordertoserviceaslongaspossible?Willhe(i)eatthe
cornflakesfirst(ii)eatthehenfirst(iii)feedthehens(iv)maintainhensforeggproduction?
8.(a)Whatisethnobotany?Areeconomicbotanyandethonobotanyinterrelated?Describe.
(b)Outlinetheimportantbioassaysusedtodetectauxinandabscisesacid.