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Tarea 1.

Logistica
Eva Sarai Garca Rodrguez.
1.- I Carry rents trucks for moving and hauling. Each truck costs the company
an average of $8,000, and the inventory of trucks varies monthly depending on
the number that are rented out. During the frist eight months of last year, I
Carry had the following ending inventory of trucks on hand:
Month
January
February
March
April

Number of Trucks
26
38
31
22

Month
May
June
July
August

Number of Trucks
13
9
16
5

I Carry uses a 20 percent anual interest rate to represent the cost of capital.
Yearly costs of storage amount to 3 percent of thevalue of each truck, and the
cost of liability insurance is 2 percent.
a) Determine the total handling cos incurred by I Carry during the period
January to August. Assumefor tue purposes of your calculation that the
holding cost incurred in a month is proportional to the inventory on hand
at the end of the month.
b) Assuming that these eig ht months are representative, estimate the
average anual cost of holding.
2.- Penalty costs cam be assesed only against the number of units of demand
that cannot the satisfaced, or against the number of units weighted by the
amount of time that an order stays on the books. Consider the following history
of supply and demand transaction for a particular part:
Month
January
Febuary
March
April
May
June

Number of Items
Received
200
175
750
950
500
2,050

Demand during Moth


520
1,640
670
425
280
550

Assume that starting inventory at the beginning of January is 480 units.


a) Determine the ending inventory each month. Assume that excess
demands are back- ordered.
b) Assume that each time a unit is demanded that cannon be suplied
immediately, a one-time-charge of $10 is made. Determine the stock-out

cost incurred during the six month (1) if excess demand at the end of
each month is lost, and (2) if excess demand at the end of each month is
back-ordered.
c) Suppuse that each stock-out costs $10 pe unit per month that the
demand remains unfilled. If demands are filled on a frist-come, fristserved basis, what is the total stock-out cost incurred during the six
month using this type of cost criterion? (Assume that the demand occur
at the beginning of the month for purposes of your calculation.) Notice
that you must asume that excess demands are back-ordered for this
case to make any sense.