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Oxford Practice Grammar

LESSON

LINK Basic

Unit 78 Prepositions of place and movement
Lesson length Preparation 45 minutes You will need: thick paper or card and ‘blu tack’ or a similar adhesive A box or bag and a selection of classroom objects for the demonstration. NOTE: The objects should be small enough to move around easily but large enough for all of the students to see, and one object should be small enough to fit into the box / bag, e.g. a board marker. Write out the following prepositions of movement in large print on the thick paper or card, ready to stick them on the board in Exercise C: into into into onto onto out of off to from

Photocopy the worksheet for Exercise B. You will need half as many worksheets as there are students in your class. Cut them in half so that Student 1 and Student 2 sections are separate. You may also wish to copy the sentences used in Exercise C on to an OHT. Demonstration Point to/Move the objects, and move around the classroom, making sentences to demonstrate prepositions of place and movement, e.g.: There are lots of desks in the classroom. My desk is opposite Angela’s desk. Angela’s desk is next to Ben’s. There’s a chair behind my desk. The light is above the table. My bag is under the table. There’s a box on the table. It’s at the corner of the table. My pen is between the box and my notebook. The notebook is in front of the box and the pen is behind it. There’s a dictionary inside the box. I’m taking the dictionary out of the box and putting it into my bag. I’m going to take the box off the table, and walk across the room to the door. Now I’m going through the door, and into the corridor. I’m going to leave the box outside the door. Explanation 1 Prepositions of place: in, on, at Write the following example sentences on the board: • • • • • • My pen is in my pocket. Munich is in Germany. The classroom is on the third floor. The bank is on the High Street. We waited at the bus stop. Let’s meet at the cinema.

Explain that we use the prepositions in, on, at to talk about places (repeat examples from the demonstration).
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g. • I drive to work _______ my car. parks. List some more examples of prepositions of place from the demonstration on the board. or buildings. and repeat some of the sentences from the demonstration. continents) • onto/off with surfaces (e. a city. countries. List some more examples of prepositions of place from the demonstration on the board. such as boxes. • We played football _______ the grass.: opposite. continents ) • on to talk about surfaces (e. next to. • The actor ran onto/off the stage. under. or a building when we mean inside or outside. on. under. • We moved from London _______ Paris.: opposite.g.g. parks. NOTE: Explain the word ‘point’ to the students and check that they understand that it means a particular location/position by giving examples. a country) Write these practice sentences on the board and ask students to complete them with into. and limited areas (e. Explain that we use prepositions to describe moving or changing position (repeat examples from the demonstration). 2 Other prepositions of place: under. floors. • They drove to/from Edinburgh. next to. between. walls. onto.Oxford Practice Grammar LESSON Basic Unit 78 Prepositions of place and movement Explain that we use: • in to talk about enclosed spaces. a point. towns. Write the following example sentences on the board: • Put your pen next to your book.g. the equator) • at to talk about a point. or a place (e. coasts. shelves) and lines (such as paths. a building.g. paths) • to/from to talk about a position. e. or at: • My house is _______ the end of Royal Road. countries. etc. or to: • She drove _______ the car park. towns. rooms. desks) and lines (e.g. desks.g. • Put your book under your chair Explain that we use prepositions to show the relationship between two or more things (repeat examples from the demonstration). LINK PHOTOCOPIABLE © Oxford University Press . outside. • The players ran _______ the football pitch. above.g. Write that we use: • into / out of with an enclosed space (e. 3 Prepositions of movement Write the following example sentences on the board: • We moved the chairs into / out of the classroom. e. Write these practice sentences on the board and ask students to complete them with in.

It took a long time to get it _______ the lake and back _______ its cage.Oxford Practice Grammar LESSON Basic Unit 78 Prepositions of place and movement Give students one or two spoken instructions to practise prepositions of movement. Student B stand opposite your partner. Read out simple instructions using prepositions of place. 3 Stupidly. go through the sheet with the whole class. stick your previously prepared words around the edge of the board. 2 The tiger escaped from its cage and jumped _______ the lake. At the end of the exercise. • Go to the door. Using your blu tack. Each student should attempt to complete the sentences on their sheet.: Student A stand next to your partner. Student C stand in front of the whiteboard. e. Then they should get their partner to test them and tell them whether they are right. and put it in one of the gaps.g. e. pick one of the words. PHOTOCOPIABLE © Oxford University Press . Student C sit on a chair. Practice LINK Exercise A (groups) Exercise A in the book practises prepositions of place.: • Walk across the classroom. Student B stand behind your partner. Exercise B (pairs) Give half the students in the class a Student 1 section of the worksheet and the other half a Student 2 section. _______ there we marched _______ the Town Hall. Write the sentences from Exercise C in the book on the board (or use an OHT): 1 The march started in the park. Tell them to listen and follow your instructions.g. Here is some more practice. Simon drove his car _______ the beach and then he couldn’t move it because the wheels sank _______ the sand. Get students to come to the front of the class. Now ask students to practise giving and following instructions in pairs. Arrange the students in small groups of three or four. to make sure that they all have a correct set of answers. Exercise C (whole class) Now move on to prepositions of movement. In the end he needed eight people to push it _______ the beach and back _______ the road. Student A sit beside your partner. Student D stand outside the classroom.

Here is some more practice. ar mm ! Gra o FR PHOTOCOPIABLE from EE to g © Oxford University Press . I start here.g. Reception. hill. LINK Extra (whole class and pairs) Use this exercise to practise prepositions of place and movement. e. Write the following words on the board: tree. Where am I? Repeat with different places in the building and/or the local area. Behind the house there’s a hill. e. You could also draw a simple plan of the building on the board.Oxford Practice Grammar LESSON Basic Unit 78 Prepositions of place and movement Exercise D (whole class and groups) Exercise D in the book practises prepositions of movement.: Draw a house. etc. bird. lorry. toilet. library. Tell the students to listen to a set of directions and say where you are.g. Write some of these on the board. Dictate instructions for a simple picture using prepositions of place and movement. Put students in small groups to practise making up directions from the school to different places in the local area. I turn right and I go along the corridor to the stairs. There’s a lorry behind the car. teacher’s room. house. sky. A car is driving along the road. Then I walk down the stairs to the ground floor and go past the manager’s office.g. There’s a man walking up the hill. school entrance. In front of the house there’s a road. e. Ask the students to think about the different places in the building you are in. I walk across the room and through the door. car. There are two trees next to the house and a small dog between the trees. Check that your students know the words. You can see some birds in the sky. Put students in pairs to compare their pictures. A woman is walking across the road.

1 There were some beautiful pictures _______ the walls of their sitting room. at. 8 There is a queue of people _______ the bus stop. on. 3 Does this bus stop _______ the railway station? Answers for Student 2: 6 on 7 in. at. on 8 at " Student 2 Complete the sentences with in. 6 I live in a flat _______ the fifth floor. It lies _______ the equator.Oxford Practice Grammar LESSON Basic Unit 78 Prepositions of place and movement LINK Worksheet Student 1 Complete the sentences with in. Answers for Student 1: 1 on 2 in. on 3 at PHOTOCOPIABLE © Oxford University Press . on. 7 Ecuador is _______ South America. 2 The children are playing _______ the grass _______ the park.

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