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# This question paper contains two printed pages.

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## Sri Guru Tegh Bahadur Khalsa College

University of Delhi
B.A.(H) Economics 2016
Discipline Centered Course
Linear Algebra and Calculus
Unique Paper Code 235486
Semester IV
Maximum Time:2 hours

Maximum Marks:50

Section 1 is Compulsory.
Attempt Any Three Questions from Section 2 and
Any Two Questions from Section 3.
Section 1
(a) Define a basis of a vector space. Is = {0} is a basis for R? Justify.
(b) Define Linear Transformation. Give an example of transformation which is not linear.
(c) Define Subspace of a vector space. Show that union of two subspace may not be a subspace
(d) Can we find limx1 JxK? Justify.
(e) Can we find derivative of f (x) = |x 5| at x = 5? Justify.
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2. Let V be the set of all ordered pairs (x, y), where x, y are real numbers Let v1 = (x1 , y1 ), v2 = (x2 , y2 )
be two elements in V . Define the addition as
v1 + v2 = (x1 , y1 ) + (x2 , y2 ) = (x1 x2 , y1 y2 )
and the scalar multiplication as
(x1 , y1 ) = ( x1 , y1 )
Show that V is not a vector space. Which of the properties are not satisfied.

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3. State Lagranges Mean Value Theorem. Use it to prove the following inequality:

1
tan x tan1 y < |x y| , x, y R

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## Section 2(Linear Algebra)

4. Let u = (1 , 2 ), v = (1 , 2 ) R2 , define
hu, vi = 1 1 + 2 2
Does it define an inner product on R2 ? Explain.

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## 5. Let T : R2 R2 be defined by T (x) = Ax where



2 4
.
3 6
Show that the kernel and the range of T are both lines through the lines.
Dharmendra Kumar, Department of Mathematics, SGTB Khalsa College

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22 March 2016

## This question paper contains two printed pages.

Roll No...........

## 6. For what values of k do the following set of vectors form a basis in R3 ?

{(k, 1 k, k), (0, 3k 1, 2), (k, 1, 0)}
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7. State Cauchy Schwarz inequality. Verify the same for the vectors:
U = (1, 2, 0, 2), V = (3, 6, 0, 6)
Does the equality occur? If so, why?

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8. Show that any unitary matrix is normal. Find a 2 2 normal matrix that is neither Hermitian nor
unitary.
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9. Define an orthonormal basis of R3 . Prove that the set:
 
 


2 2 1
1 2 2
2 1 2
,
,
,
,
, ,
,
,
3 3 3
3 3 3
3 3 3
form an orthonormal set in R3 with respect to standard inner product.

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## 10. Let u, v Rn , then show that

2

ku + vk + ku vk = 2(kuk + kvk )
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## Section 3(Real valued functions of one variable)

11. Show that
f (x) = |x| + |x 1| + |x 2|
is continuous at x = 0, x = 1 and x = 2.

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12. If x R, we define JxK to be the greatest integer n Z such that n x. Determine the points of
discontinuity of the following function:
f (x) = |x| + JxK, x R
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13. Let
f (x) =

sin x
ax + b

if x c
if x > c

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***

22 March 2016