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PasadenaCityCollege

SocialMediaAffects
DisclosuresCommunityIcon

FernandoMedina
EnglishSTACC1AT/R
Professor:Ogden
27April2016

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Abstract:

Inthisresearchpaperitexplorestheimpactofsocialmediawithinthediscourse
communityofSouthLosAngeles.Thedeleteriousinformationfrommediais
affectingthelowincomecommunitiesbyharmingthestudentpopulationcreating
discriminationfromsociety.ThepublicschoolsfromSouthLosAngelesarefacing
cutbacksandotherindependentprogramsarehelpingthediscoursecommunity.

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OurdailyTelevisionBroadcastandSocialMediadisclosemanydeleterious
informationaboutthelowincomecommunities,howevermostofmaterialinformation
ismisleadingtothelowincomecommunitiesbyfocusingonaparticularsideofthe
community.Forexample,inthenewsreportarticleof
LosAngelesTimes
hasshown
violencehasincreasedfromthepastyearof2015.AccordingtotheLosAngeles
PoliceDepartment(LAPD)officialstold,KillingsinLosAngeleshavesurgedby
27.5%sofarin2016comparedtothesameperiodlastyearasthecitycontinuedto
seeariseinviolentcrime(Mather1).Thematerialinformationisaffectingthelow
incomecommunitiesbycreatinganegativeicon,inwhichthepublicschooldistricts
hasanimpactonthestudentspopulationabbreviatingtheireducationalpathwith
lackoffundingtoo.Abrokenpathwaystartswithinalowincomecommunity
surroundedwithgreed,crime,ambition,andunguidedindividualsinwhich,the
mediaandtelevisionportrayit.

Thelowincomecommunityisknownforitsappallingaspectofcriminal
activitybutit'salso,affectingtheindividualswithdiscriminationbyhavingless
opportunitiesobtaininghighereducationandjobs.Inaddition,tothecriminalactivity
withinSouthLosAngelesithassignificantlydecreasedduetorealizingthat
educationhasagreatroleinsuccess.PaysingeraLosAngelesPolicedepartment
officialdisclosesomeinformationtoLosAngelesTimesaboutcrimewithinSouth
LosAngeles.AccordingtoPaysingerpropertycrimehasfallen2%,fueledlargelyby
whatPaysingerdescribedasa"remarkable"16.2%dropinburglaries.Asaresult,
overallcrimeisuplessthanapercentagepointfrom2015,Paysingersaid(Mather

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1).IstronglyagreewithPaysingerit'sremarkablethatcrimehasdecreasedinSouth
LosAngeles.Iunderstandcrimehappenallaroundtheworldindifferentrates
however,educationisidealfortheupcomingyoungergeneration.Nevertheless,
highereducationrateshasincreasedaccordingtoNivenstatisticsfound,inwhich
5%ofyoungblackpeoplearesucceedinginhighereducationinSouthAfrica
(Niven642).Thepopulationallovertheworldhasobtainedthathighereducationis
dealforsuccess.Incontrast,SouthLosAngelesstillhasboundlesslackof
opportunitiesforminoritieswantinghighereducationduetopoorfundingwithinLos
AngelesUnifiedSchoolDistrict(LAUSD)affectingthesuccessonstudentachieving
highereducation.

LosAngelesUnifiedSchoolDistrict(LAUSD)hasfacedcutbacksending
programshelpingstudentstryingtoachievinghighereducation.Isitpossiblethat
dreamsmayendofhighereducationManyjobsprogramsforyoungpeopleare
facingafundingcliffnowthatfederalstimulusmoneyfromtheAmericanRecovery
andReinvestmentActof2009hasrunout.Schooldistrictsfacetheirownfunding
cliffwiththephasingoutofstimulusfundschanneledtothemthroughTitleIofthe
NoChildLeftBehindAct.Inaddition,theslashingofstatebudgetshasaffectedboth
jobsprogramsanddistricts'summerschoolofferings(Zehr1).Theimpactoflow
fundingorcutbackismuchgreaterbyalso,affecttheeconomicandfutureofour
comingupgenerations.AmericanRecoveryandReinvestmentActof2009signed
byBarackObamahasranoutindeed,todayit'saffectingtheeducationsystem,
healthcare,andrecyclableenergyprogram.Forexample,NoChildLeftBehindAct
stillishelpingstudentsbut,IexperienceddifferentlywithinmyHighSchoolinSouth

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LosAngeles.IemailapasteducatorofManualArtHighSchoolinwhich,thepast
educatorhasdisclosedthat,ManualArtHighSchoolhigherrankingstaffdoesnotlet
teachersgivefailstostudent.Thepasteducatorfeelsbadaboutstudentgoingto
ManualArtsHighSchoolFernando,ManualArtsjustcaresaboutpassingstudents
givingoutfailsorholdingstudentsbackisnotrealistic.Ihadtopasssomestudents
justtokeepstaffhappyandkeepmyjob.ThebadexperiencesfromManualsArthas
mademetobecomeabetterteacherinadifferentschool!Thestaffandteachers
justdon'tcareaboutthestudents.Ithinkteachersjustwanttheeasypaycheckbut,
it'snotallofteachersandstaff(PastEducator).Ihaveseenthisfacehandby
observingstudentsnotcompletingassignmentsandstillpassingintothenextgrade
level.Theworksheetandsmallpowerpointsaremeaninglesstoteachersbut,the
lackoffundingiscreatingmoredamageforstudents.

Overallsocialmediaandtelevisionbroadcasthasgreatinfluenceson
teachersaffectingexpectationsonlowincomestudentsbasedonmisleading
information.Thelowincomecommunityisdefinedindifferentways.Idefinedthelow
incomecommunityasacommunitysurroundedwithgreed,crime,andambitionto
achievehighereducation.Toclarify,BellHooksshareherdescriptionofalow
incomecommunityThepoorlivewithandamongthepoorconfinedingated
communitieswithoutadequateshelter,food,orhealthcarethevictimsofpredatory
greed(hooks).Thepoorhassomeunforgottensituationbut,overallthe
disempowermentmakesthemstrongertomoveforwardinlife.Forexample,Hooks
addsanewvisionofthediscoursecommunityMoreandmorepoorcommunitiesall
overthecountrylooklikewarzones,withboardedupbombedoutbuildings,with

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eithertheevidenceofgunfireeverywhereorthevacantsilenceofunsatisfied
hunger(hooks).Thelowincomecommunitydoesnotlookwonderfulbut,theheart
ofthepeopleshineinthedarkness.TodaytheperspectivesofSouthLosAngeles
variesbetweenpositiveandnegativehowever,thenegativedarkimageryismore
influencedbythemedia.Overallthepeopleinlowincomecommunitiesfacemore
obstacleslike,discrimination,lackoffundingwithinpublicschoolsandlimited
opportunitiesforjobs.
Theideasfortheindividualswithinthelowincomecommunityconsistmostly
aboutcrimeanddrugs.Inaddition,somehugeinfluencefortheseideasofdrugsand
crimeisthemediadisplayingit.Thecreationofadarkimagebeginsforthe
community.Inmystandingpointdrugsandcrimeissometimestheonlypossibility
oftomoveupinclassorsurviveanotherdaywithinthediscoursecommunitylacking
fundingforhighereducationandopportunitiesforbetterpaidjobs.Additionally,the
discriminationforminoritiesandtheirsocialclassstandingarestillafactorforthe
community.Thepeopleinthelowincomecommunityturnstocrimeanddrugforthe
lasthopeofachievingsuccess.Whilethepoorareofferedaddictionasawayto
escapethinkingtoomuch,workingpeopleareencouragedtoshop.
(CampbellGrossman,Christie,etal.)Thetruthisthatthepoorareoffereddrugsto
escapetheworldbytoday'ssocietyconsistingofmoney!Coupledwith,
CampbellGrossman,Christie,etalisthat,theworkingclassistargetedtoshop
moreandmoreneverendingtheworkingclassasBellHookscallsitinherbook
WhereWeStandClassMatter
bybellhooks.The
workingclass
asHooksshareto
us

isparentsworkinglonghoursandsometimesbecomingstrangerstofamilyand

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children.Workinglongshoursjusttokeepthefamilysupportedorbuyingtheir
childrentheredesirejusttokeepthemhappy.

Theworkingclasspeopledon'tnotethatSouthLosAngelespublicschools
arelackingfundingfortheirchildren.Alternatively,theworkingclasswillspendthat
hardearnedmoneyonprivateschoolsoradifferentschoolsystemfortheir
children'ssuccess.First,itfocusesspecificallyonlowincomestudents(thoseinthe
lowestquartilenationallyintermsoffamilyincome)attendingurbanschools.
Second,itscoreshigherinsomeacademicareasthanthoseattendingothertypes
ofprivateschoolsorpublicschools.Theotherexceptionisthatstudentsin
independentprivatehighschoolshavehigherSATscoresthanstudentswhoattend
publicschools(PerkinsGough).Thebetteroverallperformancefromlowincome
studentsattendingprivateorotherhigherfundschoolsystemboonshowingmuch
suceesinacademics,skillsandtestscores.Theincreaseofabetterfundschoolis
showwithinthestudentpopulation.ThebetterfundSouthLosAngelespublic
schoolswillcreateahugechangechangingsomenegativelabelsofthelowincome
community.However,theworkingclassaretargetedtoshopforexpensivegoodsby
mediamakingsomeelselifestylerealize.And,theyoutharefollowingbehindtoo.

Theonemostimportantfactorforsomeyouthnotachievinghigher
educationislackofsupportfromparents.And,toescapeoffeelingunsupportedthey
leadintodrugusagejusttoeraseeverythingaroundthemlikediscrimination,low
expectationsandmore!Todaythestudentbodyisbecomemorecuriousabout
educationbyviewingstudentsinmyhighschool.Everythingischangingnowdueto

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theamazingeducationalprogramsforlowincomestudentsinthecommunity.The
programsstillneedsomehelpfromthepublicschooldistrictsinclassroomsinspiring
studentstochasedreamz.Theprogramsextendedtolowincomecommunitiesinmy
highschoolhelpstudentstohaveabettertransitionofhighereducation.Upper
Boundisgoldenforlowincomestudentsbyalltheinformationandsupportgiven
withoutthisinspiringprogram.UpwardBoundisafederallyfundededucational
programwithintheUnitedStates.TheSouthLosAngelesDistrictdoesnotsupportit
withfundinginwhich,ithasgreatersupport.Istronglybelievethat,UpwardBoundis
creatingbetteropportunitiesforlowincomestudents.TheUSCprogramnowhas
morethanathousandalumniwithcollegediplomasfromthroughoutthecountry.
Since1977,UpwardBoundhashelped1,280youngstersgofromhighschoolto
college,and1,088ofthemreceiveddiplomas(Tucker).Theprogramnowishelping
studentstochasedreamzandfillemptinesswithcollegeexperiencesanddiplomas.
IstillsawtheUpwardBoundprogramhelpstudentsfeelapartofacommunitymost
importantly.UpwardBoundissuccessfulinbringoutsuccessinstudentsfromSouth
LosAngelesmakingsomelowexpectationsbecomeevanescentovertime.Yes,I
seeseenegativeperspectivesthatsomepeoplestillhavetodayhowever,themedia
andtelevisionisaddingmorepositiveinformationaboutthediscoursecommunity.

InAddition,discriminationisstillpresenttodaywithinsocietybyobserving
discriminationtoSouthLosAngelesstudentsataUniversitytrip.Iattenda
UniversitytriptoSanLuisObispoStateUniversityanditwasamazingbythe
atmospherefeelingfresh,full,andjustwonderful.Theatmospherewasshortlived
suddenly,IsawstudentsfromSanLuisObispoStateUniversityholdingdistanttous.

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Istilldon'tunderstandtodayhowever,thestudentsmanyholdlabelsorpast
experiencesinwhich,distantfeelsideal.Actually,somestudentsbecomeimpactby
thedistantalso,discouragedabouteducation.Thestudentwantedacommunity
feelingwitheveryone.Inparticular,theUpwardBoundprogramhelpstudentswith
tutoring,mentoringandexposuretocollegelifeaswellasnewculturaland
educationalexperiences(Tucker).TheUpwardBoundprogramishelpingmoreand
morewithdifferentexperiences,exposureofclassandraceandculture.The
informationandexperiencesgainarepricelessUpwardBoundhastheupperhandin
education.TheLosAngelesUnifiedSchoolDistrictisnothelpingstudentslike
UpwardBound.TheLosAngelesUnifiedSchoolDistrictneedsbetterfundingor
programsforlowincomestudentstochasedreamz.

Thecycleisenervatingslowlybut,anotherobstacleisemerging.TheLos
AngelesUnifiedSchoolDistricthasnotprovidedmuchfundingandsupportfor
studentslongtermorshorttermeducationalplans.Ihaveemailapassededucator
thathascreatedanewsandingpointformyeducationalroad.Thepassededucator
hasdeadonchangedmebyworkingverydiligent.Ididnottakemyeducation
seriouslybytheteachersbeingveryaridwithoutcharacterjustgivingusapackage
tocompete.Theemailconversionorinterviewwentwellbydiscoveringthetruth
aboutManualArtsHighSchool
Theschoolisnotterrible,butthereisanattitude
amongtheteachersthatsincethisisaghettoschooltheyshouldbeabletodo
whatevertheywant(PsatEducator).
Theschoolideaonstudentsbeingghettois
wronghowever,teachersdon'tcareaboutstudentslongtermplansjustgivingout
handoutandtextbookchapterworkisidealtothem.Iwascorrectedaboutmyschool

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it'sjustsad.
Thereisnoleadershipfromtheadministrationandteachersruntheir
classes
Iunderstandthecarelessfeelingtheyhadonthestudentbody.Today,I
knowthat'sstillaproblem.

Thestudentpopulationcanfixthediscriminationandlowexpectationsby
becomingeducatedprovingsocietywrong.TheUpwardBoundprogramwillhelpus
createabetterimageforthediscoursecommunityaddingbetterschoolfundingfor
SouthLosAngelespublicschoolswilljusthelpourfuturegenerations.Theideaof
opportunitiesbecomingevanescentbyshortagefundingfromLosAngelesUnified
SchoolDistrict(LAUSD)islikeourgeneration'snotabletosavelivesorhelpothers
withinheathfieldandotherfieldschangingourworld.

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Medina,Fernando.ManualArtHighSchoolExceptionsPastEducator08March.
2016.Email.

"StereotypeThreat?."
Diverse:IssuesInHigherEducation
28.17(2011):11.
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hooks,bell.PrefaceWhereWeStand.WhereWeStandClassMatters.ByBell

Pipher,MaryWritingToChangeToTheWorld.ByMaryPipher.NewYork.Text
Web24.Feb.2016.

CampbellGrossman,Christie,etal."CommunityLeaders'PerceptionsOfHispanic,
Single,LowIncomeMothers'Needs,Concerns,SocialSupport,AndInteractions
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PerkinsGough,Deborah."DoPrivateHighSchoolsHelpLowIncomeStudents?."
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Basturkmen,Helen,MartinEast,andJohnBitchener."Supervisors'OnScript

FeedbackCommentsOnDraftsOfDissertations:SocialisingStudentsIntoThe
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Zehr,MaryAnn."BudgetAxCurtailingSummerPrograms."
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Medina,Fernando.ManualArtHighSchoolPastEducator10March.2016.Email.

Mather,SouthLosAngelesCrimeDrop
Latimes.com
.LosAngelesTimes,20
March2009.April2016

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AnnotatedBib:

hooks,bell.PrefaceWhereWeStand,WhereWeStandClassMatters.New
York:Routledge,VII.2000.Print.

The
lecture
ofRaceandGenderisnothingnewtomanyindividualsbybeingawareof
RaceandGenderfromexperiencingdiverselywithinacommunity.However,The
viewofclassishazybynotbeingfamiliarclasses.InBellHooks
PrefaceWhereWe
Stand
hasshownthegapandblindnessofmanyindividualsduetoisolationofclasses.
Ournationisfastbecomingaclasssegregatedsocietywheretheplightofthepooris
forgottenandthegreedoftherichismorallytoleratedandcondoned.The
segregationofclassisbecomingmorecommonduethedistantaspectofclassesby
havingadifferenttransitionofcommoncoreeducation,lifeexpectationsand
ambitions.

hooks,bell.IntroductionClassMatters,
WhereWeStandClassMatters
.New
York:Routledge,19.2000.Print.

Withinoureverydaylivesthegapbetweentherichandpoorincreasesrapidlyby
inflationofrent,productsandnumberofmorethings.Therisingpricesinfluence
criminalactivitywithinthelowerclasscommunitybynotsustainingtheirfamiliesor
themselveswithnourishment.However,Thedesireofthelowclasscommunity
consistofcountlessneverendinggoodsthatarefarawayfromreachbythepricerange
beinggreat.InAddition,thiswillaffecttheoutcomesoftheindividualwithinalower
classcommunitybyhavingunreasonablejudgmentonexpensiveproductsand
expandingviolencesforthesimplelust.Intheotherhand,Thehighclassindividuals
perseveresandinvestmoneythereforeitproducemoremoneyovertime.

hooks,bell.MakingthePersonalPolitical,ClassintheFamily.
WhereWe
StandClass

Matter
.NewYork:Routledge,1023.2000.Print.

Theexperienceoflivingwithinalowclasscommunityshapesyouridentityvariously
fromotherclassesbywitnessingfirsthandcrime,racism,expectationsandmoreIn

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fact,Thethedefinitionofpoorandricharrivesfromhavinghighqualitygoodsby
TVs,Carsandeducation.PoorfamilyconsistofnotholdingTVsbyonlyowningold
handoutsfromfamilyorotherpeople.Thefamilymembersworklonghoursandnot
spendingtimewiththeyouthandguidingtheminsuccess.LonelinessandFear
surroundthishouse.BellHooksTheyouthhavequestionsaboutlifeandmorebut,
nevergetanswereduntiltheymakemistakesinlifeinwhichtheylearn.

hooks,bell.ComingtoClassConsciousness,
WhereWeStandClassMatters
.
NewYork:Routledge,2437.2000.Print

Therealizingofourdesiresappearstousbyobservingeachoneofthemineveryview
pointpossible.AfternoticingalltheaspectsbyconstantlythinkingaboutitThe
simpleconclusionisthatisnotreasonableforourlifeoutcome.However,The
educationfactorinfluencesmany
LowClass
individualstonotattendahigher
institutionduethethecost.InAddition,Thescholarships,Loans,andmuchmore
helpsthestudentstoapointoftime.InBellHooks
WhereWeStandClassMatter
hasshownherworldofbooksthathelpedherescapeaharshenvironment.
Furthermore,BellHooksexperiencesdiversitywithinhercollegetimebyinteracting
withdistantsocialclassthatshewasnotawaretoo.Thegapbetweenrichandpooris
greatbutgoodandbadfallswithinallclasses.TheexpressionofBellHooksfamilyis
minablebynotdisclosinganyinformation.Infact,TheparentsofBellHookshold
Hooksbyvexingherwithshewillbetheonlyblackstudentwithinherinstitution.
HooksattendSanfordwithrichfolksactually,classmateswantherknowherdeeper
byinvitinghertovacationsbut,Hooksveryacceptedtheexpensivevacationsof

those
folks.Finally,successcometoherattheendfromahazyroadof
disappointment,despair,andmuchmore!IwouldalwayshavetoreexaminewhereI
stand.BellHooks

hooks,bell.ThePoliticsofGreed,
WhereWeStandClassMatters
.NewYork:
Routledge,6369.2000.Print.

Greedisapartofeveryclassduetothedesiresomethinginthisworld.Mostchildren
experiencesgreedinrelationtofoodendlesslongingforsweets,longingsthatleadto
hoarding,stealingorsomethingcombinationofthese.BellHooksThepowerof

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greedisdangersbylustingoveritandwillingtodoanythingforit.Thecrazysideis
childrendemandscandyandpeopleneedsluxurygoods.Overallgreedisonecommon
chainforeveryclassbyspreadingwantsandneedsduetosocialmedia.

hooks,bell.SolidaritywiththePoor,
WhereWeStandClassMatters
.New
York:Routledge,121130.2000.

Theworldisadelightfulplacewithboominglifebutduetothegreedandpovertyall
hasshiftedaroundbuildingaworldofslaves.Thepoorindividualworkslongperiods
ofhoursjusttomakeendsmeetbutthetruthisthat,theyhaveahazyfutureinfrontof
themduetonumbersoffactorswithintheenvironmentandmindsetoftheindividual.
BellHooksviewpointshuffledbyrealizingthatthepoorwasvictimoftheeconomic
system.Thegovernmentissupportingpovertylineindividualswithwelfarebythis
needsupporthascreatedabackfiredueeveryoneisexpectedtotakethisadded
support.Overallthissupporthasformedlazinesswithinthecommunityandmade
labelson
these
individuals.

hooks,bell.FeminismandClassPower,
WhereWeStandClassMatters
.New
York:Routledge,101110.2000.Print.

Thepowerofawomanisstrongalltogethermakingmovementsacrosstheworld.
BellHookshassharedastunningideaaboutthefeminismframeandmoreover,the
buildoftheclassshiftingduetothemovement.FeminismtheidealplanforWhite
Womanbygettingoutofthehomeandworkinginaprivileged
job
.However,the
middleandworkingclassdidnotgainanythingduetoitsmovementbystillrequiring
educationandskillforbetter
Jobs.
Hooksexpressthatcolorpeoplesupportthis
movementbygettingsomeequalopportunitiestoexcelinlife.Overallthismapped
outwonderfulbysomeworkingclassandmiddleclassindividualshavingprivilege
Jobs
today.Feminismistryingtoempowerwomenallovertheworldtohavea
voicebysupportingeachotherandbringgreatpositivechanges.Feminismisfor
everybodyBellHooksIstronglyagreefeminismisnotonlyforwomenit'sformen
andthechildrenbyshiftingtheideaofawoman'srole.Today,it'sstillanissuebut
EmmaWatsonisleadingthediscussionaboutwomen'sempowerment.

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hooks,bell.ClassandPoliticsofLivingSimply,
WhereWeStandClassMatters
.
NewYork:Routledge,3849.2000.Print.

Thechurchhasarolebyidentifyingthosethatneedsupport.Churchissomethingthat
can'tbeignoredbyeveryonebelievinginagreatpower.Wordstravelintoourminds
thatthemassageissendtohelp.TheActofhelpingthepoorisfulfillingbyknowing
youimaptedsomeone.Peoplethatdon'thelpwillfacemanydissatisfiedtimes.Hooks
inamomentcouldnotidentifythepoorbyhavingalargefamily.However,time
passedandshebecameawarethatchurchcouldshapethecommunitybyworking
together.Hooksshowsherearlyagelifeofgivingandreceiving.Thecollegeyearshe
wasashamedofherbackgroundbyotherstudentshavinganythingduetothefactof
supportfromparents.Manystudentscaredlessabouttheworkingclass.However,
somestudents(Socialists)wasinterestedabouttheworkingclass.Theregionsetting
wasapartofthelivesofstudentsandclasses.Theworkingclasswillhaveahardtime
becomingacceptedandtheideaofworkinghardtobecomeequal.Today,Hooks
sparkedanideathatnotbodywillbeequalwithintheworldwithregionhelpdueto
thefactofeveryoneracingtothetop.

hooks,bell.MoneyHungry,
WhereWeStandClassMatters
.NewYork:
Routledge,5062.2000.Print.

Everyonewhogrowsupinahouseholdwherethereisalackofmaterialresources
knowswhatitfeelsliketowantwhatmoneycanbuywhenthereisnomoneyto
spare.
Hungryformoneytobuyidealgoods.Themencontrolledthemoneywithin
BellHookshomeandthefamilytoo.However,theideaofbuyingonlythenecessary
wasshownbytheparents.Hooksmotherdependedonherfathermoneyandwords.
Hooksseeitlikewomenshouldfollowthemennorms.MyideaisthatHookswill
changethenormsaroundwithherfamilyorpeoplearoundher.Oldtraditionsof
mothersathomeworkingandraisingkidsup.MovingintoHookscollegeyearsshe
discoveredthat(whites)didcrimetobyhercollegeroommatestealingallthetime.
EveryonefollowedtheBLACKfemaleswhilethewhitefemalesstolenthemblinded.
WhitewasrichandColorwaspoor.Hooksdiscloseherpartnerbackgroundinwhich
issimilartoHooksbutwithoutonerolemodelthatisimportanttoeveryonethefather.
Bothdidnotseeeachotherwithintheworkingclasslikeenjoyingbooks,goodfood,
clothingandmore.Theideaofthesavingaccountwaswonderfulbymeowningone
andhavingmoneysavedup.Shemovedintoaoldhousebutshewascontentaboutit.
Herdreamhousewasabighomefilledwithbooksandmoreidealgoods.AfterHooks

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discoveredthatclassisnothingjusttrytohelpthosearoundandcarryoutthe
educationaldream.

hooks,bell.BeingRich,
WhereWeStandClassMatters
.NewYork:Routledge,
7079.2000.Print.

Theideaofbeingrichdoesnotpopupwithintheclassasitsnormal.Therichfearof
theotherclassindividualsofholdingorworkingintotheirmoney.Themediashows
therichlifeissimpleandeveryonecouldsimplegoods.Thegoodsareoverpricedbut
overallreachableforeverysocialclass.Itshowtheotherpoorclassthatit'snotaway
tolive.Theimageofnoclassisnotrealbyclassbeingrichfromcommunitiessupport
andpeoplehelpinganother.

hooks,bell.TheMeMeClass,TheYoungAndTheRuthless,
WhereWe
StandClassMatters
.NewYork:Routledge,8088.2000.Print.

Theideaorthedreamofeveryonecouldaccessanythingiswrongbythemoneyand
racebecomingfactors.Thereadilyiseveryoneneedstopaybillsandotherthinglike
creditcardsandmore.Today,theyoutharedrivenbytheoverpricegoodsandcars.
Theyouthideaislivingtherichlifestylewitheverythingpossible.Themediashow
thatthereisnoracediversitywithintheworld.Whileweliveinaculturewhere
racismprevails,wherethelimitedgainsincivilrightforpeopleofcolorandall
womenaredailyassaulted,asocietywhereracialandclassapartheidinanorm,the
worldofspendingistheplacewherepromiseofcommunityisevoked.Thedailylife
withtheyouthculturewillnotendinagreatplacebynotthinkingtoproducemore
moneyandlongtermlifegoals.HookstellusthatSouthParkshowexpresstheidea
ofpoorpeoplesmelllikesourmilkduetothefactofuneducated.Hooksthendisclose
thatyoutharemorelikelytochasematerialgoodsdowntheroadleadingintonot
becomingpartofthefamilyforlong.Theyouthhasbloodinthehandsbuttheyknow
thatsoapwillwashthebloodoff.Theyouthstillneedtobecomeknowledgeable
abouttheclassnormsandthemindsets.After,theyouthknowtheseedofthemwill
trytounderstanditbetter.Educationwillbethekeyforthegenerationsoftheyouth.

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hooks,bell.ClassandRace,TheNewBlackElite,
WhereWeStandClass
Matters
.NewYork:Routledge,89100.2000.Print.

TheRaceandClassthat,BellHooksexpressiscommonwithinallthechaptersbut,
HookstellthatEuropeanscametheUnitedStatestobettertheirlivesandexplore
morewithinthelands.Workingclassfolksbecomeprivilegedbytheskincolor
buildingupclassandpoweroverothersofcolor.Themovementoffreedommade
segregationwithinclassesandrace.Classiseverythingtodaybutskincolorhasa
hugefactortoo.Theendofslaverystartedsomethingcalled
salary
oftensalarynot
havingimprovedsomeone'slifebutjustbuildsomeoneelse'sempire.Blackfolks
didn'thavethesameopportunitiesaswhitefolksbyhavinghigherclassstructureand
respect.Blackpoormadeamovementtobettertheirclasstradeofdrugs,andstudied
inschoolbytheviewpointthehigherclasshasonthem.Thestandpointofworking
wasisandwasuneducated.Blackfolkshadlandsandbusinessbut,everythinghas
movedaroundafterinjusticewithinthecommunityorotherfactorstakingplace.
BlackElitejusthelpthemselfwithoutlookingbackhelpingothersbuildempiresthat
peopleneedbreakinginjusticesofclassesandrace.

hooks,bell.WhitePoverty,ThePoliticsofInvisibility,
WhereWeStandClass
Matters
.NewYork:Routledge,111120.2000.Print.

Theworkingclassorlowclassdoesnotonlyconstantofcolorpeoplebut,evenwhites
areinvolvedwithintheslaveryoftheeconomicsystem.However,thepoorwhitehas
abetterstandingpointthenblackfolksbytheblackfolksfearingwhiteorthesocial
status.ThepoorwhiteareoftencalledWhiteTrashbutdoesnotreallyaffectthem.
Hooksmothertoldherthateveryoneispeoplenomatterskintone.Hooksbecame
awareofclassinHighSchoolbyobservingwhitesorcolorpeoplehavingnicethings
likeclothingandothermaterialgoods.Black&Whitesdidnotmixormeetwithin
Hooksschool.LowClassdidnotmixormeetHooksencounteredmanymemoriesby
experiencesBlacksagainstWhitesonedayonthebusandalso,seeSmotherlivingin
thehighsocialclass.Whitesfromthelowerclassknewtheyhadprivilegeandusedit
often.Blacksdidnothaveanythingtoworkwithmeaningitdidnothaveopendoor
duetoitsskintoneandrep.Overallpoorwhiteshaveitbetterthencolorfolkswithin
workforceoranythingelse.

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hooks,bell.SolidaritywiththePoor,
WhereWeStandClassMatters
.New
York:Routledge,127136.2000.Print.

HooksdisclosesawordfromJussChristwithaquoteofthepoorwillbewithus
always.Istronglybelievethisquoteistruebytodaythesocietybeingpoormore
commonbymaterialgoodsandmore.Thepoorstrugglesmorethanotherclassesby
thepoorfacingmoredifficultiesineverydaylife.However,Hooksaddsomekey
ideaswithinsolidaritywiththepoorlikeherpersonalexperienceslivingwiththe
poorcommunity.Inaddition,Hookscomeswithherideasthat,BLACKfolksbeenin
povertysincepostslavery.Oneinterestingviewpointthat,Hooksmakeusunderstand
betterisdiscriminationaffectseverythingwithinthediscoursecommunitylikeJohn
SwalesdisplaywiththearticleofTheconceptofthediscoursecommunity.The
poorwillalwaysbeshameforcolor,race,andmore.

hook,bell.ClassClaims,
WhereWeStandClassMatters
.NewYork:Routledge,
131141.2000.Print.

ClassClaimshasshownwhitescitizenshasalwaysshiftedhigherinclassby
supremacy.TheactionHooksmovingintoahighpopulatedwhiteneighborhoodhas
madeherexperiencesdiscrimination.Thewhitecitizenstoldherit'snotaboutrace
moreaboutclass?However,thehousingmarketsismostlyownedbywhites
rejectingblacksintohigherclass.NewYorkCity,acityofmixraceandclasshasa
strongmarketofwhitesagents.Thecolorofskinhasimpactthemarketsofhousing
andtreatmentofpeople.Hooksdisclosesthatthewhitepopulationchosetonotlive
withinblackpopulationinwhichitmeanslabelsofsocietyhasshiftedmindsets.
Overallthehousingbetweenwhitesandpeopleofcolorisslowlymovingawaybut,
manystillholdsthefearofcrime.

hook,bell.CrossingClassBoundaries
,WhereWeStandClassMatters.
New
York:Routledge,142155.2000.Print.

ThetimeofHookswasmostlylivewithinblackcommunityhasmadeanimpacton
her.Theimpactoffeelingcondablewithinblackcommunityhasshownherthat,
labelsaremostlyfalse.Hooksparentsworkhardjusttokeepthemlivingnothing
fancywasneed.FancygoodswasnothingHooksholdinterestedbyobservingher
parentsworkinglonghoursjusttomakeitanotherday.OneideaorconceptofHooks
obtainisgoingintoahigherclasscollegemadeachangeofideasaboutclass.Change
intoadifferentclassmakesbeopentheremindsettonewideaslikeHookstoday.

Medina19

Hooksdiscovermoreaboutclasslivingwithinhighclassfolksbyneverhearingpoor
oranyotherwords.Stereotypesaremorecommonwithskintoneandapparelbut,
Hooksshiftedherselfwell.Thelearningexperienceofeveryclassispricelessto
Hooksbydiscoveringthenextactionsheneedtotake.

hooks,bell.LivingwithoutClassHierarchy,
WhereWeStandClassMatters.
NewYork:Routledge,156164.2000.Print.

LivingwithoutaclasshasshownHookstobecomemoreopentopeoplearoundher
disclosecommunityshegrewuplikeJohnSwalesdisplaystous.Thestandingpoint
ofHooksclassisnoeverbyexperiencingallaspectsofclassesandracealso,including
gender.Moneydoesnotmoresomeoneclassit'smoreaboutnetworkandeducation
onsubjects.Theideasofhooksdisplaysmanyideasaboutfamilylivingwithin
povertylineandsubjectsoftheworkingclass,gendersworkingandraces.Thelast
ideasofHooksisallsubjectsshetalksaboutthroughoutherbooksubjects.