You are on page 1of 30

CONSTRUCTION PROJECT

MANAGEMENT
Presented By
Lal Sankar
Kiran Varghese K
R Sahadev
Nishanth R Babu
Jai Kishore Joshi
Chitrarth Moudgil

OVERVIEW
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.

Introduction
Steps In Project Management
Working With Project Teams
Project Initiation, Estimates & Budgeting
Project Planning & Scheduling
Construction Phase
Building Information Modeling
Case Studies
Project Management Software's

1. INTRODUCTION
Project Management Is Concerned With The Overall
Planning And Co-ordination Of A Project From
Conception To Completion Aimed At Meeting The
Stated Requirements And Ensuring Completion On
Time, Within Cost And To Required Quality Standards.
A project is a one-shot, time-limited, goal-directed, major
undertaking, requiring the commitment of varied skills and
resources.
Or
The art and science of coordinating people, equipment,
materials, money, and schedules to complete a specified
project on time and within approved cost.

2.STEPS IN PROJECT MANAGEMENT


1.Project Definition and Scope
2. Technical Design
3. Financing
4. Contracting
5. Implementation
6. Performance Monitoring

FUNCTIONS OF MANAGEMENT
1.Planning
2. Organizing
3. Staffing
4. Directing
5. Controlling

PROFESSIONAL AND TECHNICAL ORGANIZATIONS &


THEIR JOURNALS.
1. The American Society of Civil Engineers (ASCE),
founded in 1852.(Journal of Construction Engineering
and Management.)

2. The National Society of Professional Engineers


(NSPE), founded in 1936.
3. The Project Management Institute (PMI), founded in
1969.(Project Management Book of Knowledge)
4. The Construction Management Association of
America (CMAA), founded in 1981.(Standard CM
Services and Practice.)
5. The Construction Industry Institute (CII), founded in
1983.

3. PROJECT TEAMS
1. Each triangle in Figure
represents a team.
2. Regardless of the size
and number of teams,
there must be a single
head project manager to
make final decisions and
keep focus on the project.

CONFLICT MANAGEMENT
Due To The Dynamic Nature Of Project Environments,
It Is Inevitable That Conflicts Among Team Members
Will Arise.
Resolution of conflicts can lead to innovation and to
ideas about how to improve work efficiency.
DEVELOPING A CONSENSUS

Sometimes Multiple Solutions To A Problem Exist,


Each Of Which May Yield The Same Result.
Voting, Trading, Or Averaging Can Be Helpful In
Reaching A Consensus.

4.PROJECT INITIATION, ESTIMATES &


BUDGETING
Initiating Is The Basic Processes That Should Be
Performed To Get The Project Started. This Starting
Point Is Critical Because Those Who Will Deliver The
Project, Those Who Will Use The Project, And Those
Who Will Have A Stake In The Project Need To Reach
An Agreement On Its Initiation.
An Early Estimate Is Also Important To The Project
Team Because It Becomes One Of The Key Project
Parameters. It Helps Formulate Execution Strategies
And Provides A Basis To Plan Engineering And
Construction.

The Budget For A Project Is


The Maximum Amount Of
Money The Owner Is Willing
To Spend For Design And
Construction To Economically
Justify The Project.

5. PROJECT PLANNING & SCHEDULING


Project Planning Is The Process Of Identifying All The
Activities Necessary To Successfully Complete The
Project. Project Scheduling Is The Process Of
Determining The Sequential Order Of The Planned
Activities, Assigning Realistic Durations To Each
Activity, And Determining The Start And Finish Dates
For Each Activity.
SCHEDULING TECHNIQUES

Bar Chart Method(gantt Chart)


C. P. M.
P.E.R.T.

6. CONSTRUCTION PHASE
The site management should be carried out through suitable site
organization structure with roles and responsibilities assigned to
the construction personnel for various construction related
functions. Safety management is one of the important
components of site management.
DURING THE TIME OF CONSTRUCTION:

Access for fire fighting equipment vehicles.


No materials for construction shall be placed within 3 m
of hydrants/static water tanks.
Access to the upper floors during construction.
Free access to temporary, permanent or portable first aid
fire fighting equipments.

TIME MANAGEMENT
Considering the importance of time in a project, it is desirable that
project is completed in the defined time schedule to get its fruitful
benefits. The system planned should cover total schedule of
completion with one or more construction agencies, number of
vendors, identification of total resources, timely availability of all
inputs, including critical ones, its processing during construction of
a project.

QUALITY MANAGEMENT
Quality of a project should be planned for all activities
from inception to completion. It is desirable that the
system planned gives adequate assurance and controls
that it shall meet project quality objectives. The system
shall cover review of existing requirements, subcontracting,
materials, processes and controls during
process, auditing, training of personnel, final inspection
and acceptance.

7.BUILDING INFORMATION MODELING


An innovative new approach to building design, construction, And
management.
Building information modeling supports the continuous and
immediate availability of project design scope, schedule, and cost
information that is high quality, reliable, integrated, and fully
coordinated.
Same advantages are: Increased speed of delivery (time saved).
Better coordination (fewer errors).
Decreased costs (money saved).
Greater productivity.
Higher-quality work.
New revenue and business opportunities

Building information modeling is, essentially, the intersection of two


critical ideas:
Keeping critical design information in digital form makes it
easier to update and share and more valuable to the firms
creating and using it.
Creating real-time, consistent relationships between digital
design datawith innovative parametric building modeling
technologycan save significant amounts of time and money and
increase project productivity and quality.
Benefits in:-

DESIGN PHASE
BIM allows a project team to make changes to the project at any
time during the design or documentation process without laborious,
low-value recoordination and manual checking work.

CONSTRUCTION PHASE
In the construction phase of the building lifecycle, BIM makes
available concurrent information on building quality, schedule, and
cost.
BIM also means that less time and money are spent on process and
administration issues in construction because document quality is
higher and construction planning better.

MANAGEMENT PHASE
BIM makes available concurrent information on the use or
performance of the building; its occupants and contents; the life of
the building over time; and the financial aspects of the building.

BIM MODEL SHOWING MECHANICAL

TECHNOLOGIES USED IN BIM


CAD
Object CAD
Parametric building modeling
Figure shows the overall effectiveness or benefit level of each of
these three different technologies.

8.CASE STUDIES
1. BURJ AL ARAB
CONSTRUCTION TIME: 18 MONTHS

Joint Venture between


Al Habtoor Engineering
Murray and Roberts
Fletcher Construction

RISKS AT CONSTRUCTION MANAGEMENT

1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.

The companies all joined to gather because by utilizing the


separate talents of each partner; the bulk of the risk could
be redistributed to the firms that were best equipped to
handle each particular issue. The risks that needed to be
considered were:
labor supply
concrete work
structural steel supply
Erection
high rise management experience
Purchasing
cost control
management staffing

AL HABTOOR ENGINEERING had the responsibility to provide


the project with the labor required the quality of the concrete and
block work. The procurement system put in place by the joint
venture was based on Al Habtoor Engineering's proven system.

MURRAY AND ROBERTS brought the expertise for detailing,


fabrication, shipment and erection of the complex structural
steel. This was subcontracted to Generic Steel Fabricators of
Johannesburg, South Africa, a company owned by Murray and
Roberts. This subcontract would reduce financial risk.

FLETCHER had the high-rise management and planning


expertise. The project director and project manager came from
Fletcher and were based in Dubai.

CONSTRUCTION IN TWO PHASE


PHASE 1
Value Engineering and Constructability
The first phase would address the complexity of the building.
Some of the major challenges in this phase were related to the
exoskeleton embodiments, which were redesigned in order to
ease the installation and speed up the cycle times to adhere to the
tight schedule.
In addition to this redesigned some of the structure just to
facilitate constructability. The rear-braced frame was completely
redesigned from lattice girder construction to box girders.
This was not only a saving in money but also made the building
much easier to build (AL HABTOOR).

PHASE 2
Actual construction
it was all of the actual construction of the structure. The partners
used many new technologies to speed up construction and lower
the construction cost so the companies could earn more profit by
saving money in such places as labor and equipment
One new technology that was used was Cantilevers Top Climbing
Jump Form system for the main core area. Cantilever Pty Ltd,
Queensland, Australia designed and furnished the 300 ton
forming system.
The Forming A joint venture the companies undoubtedly
contributed
the most to the success of the project. The companies use of
value engineering, constructability, and preplanning and
planning that included all members of the group helped to
keep

2. BURJ KHALIFA
CONSTRUCTION TIME: 48 MONTHS

The original construction program


is very tight. To complete the
project within 48 months,
Samsung, Besix, Arabtech Joint
Venture (SBAJV) established the
following strategic approach:
Achieve a three (3) day-cycle for
structural works.
Develop optimum transportation
systems with large capacity high
speed equipment.
Utilize optimum formwork
system to accommodate various
building shapes along the
building height.

TECHNOLOGIES USED TO ACHIEVE 3-DAY CYCLE


The tower consists of more than 160 floors & to be completed
within a very tight schedule Hence, the following key construction
technologies were incorporated to achieve the 3-day cycle set for
the concrete works:
Auto Climbing formwork system (ACS).
Rebar pre-fabrication.
High performance concrete suitable for providing high strength,
high durability requirement, high modulus, and pumping.
Advanced concrete pumping technology.
Simple drop head formwork system that can be dismantled and
assembled quickly with minimum labor requirement.
Column/Wall proceeding method, part of ACS formwork system.

SEQUENCES OF CONSTRUCTION

MAJOR EQUIPMENTS
The process of selecting the right equipment to ensure delivery of
materials and workers effectively and efficiently is an art in its
own right. Selecting the optimal equipment and vertical
transportation system for construction requires ongoing analysis
and constant
modifications due to the dynamic nature of the project during its
construction life.

SUMMARY OF THE EQUIPMENT USED


TOWER CRANES
TOWER MAIN HOISTS
CONCRETE PUMPING EQUIPMENTS

The Burj Khalifa project is another step forward


in meeting the technological challenges of
future construction.

9.PROJECT PLANNING SOFTWARE'S


1. MICROSOFT PROJECT (or MSP or WinProj) is a project
management software program is designed to assist project
managers in developing plans, assigning resources to tasks,
tracking progress, managing budgets and analyzing workloads.
The application creates critical path schedules, and critical chain
and event chain methodology. Schedules can be resource leveled,
and chains are visualized in a Gantt chart. Additionally, Project
can recognize different classes of users. These different classes of
users can have differing access levels to projects, views, and other
data. Custom objects such as calendars, views, tables, filters, and
fields are stored in an enterprise global which is shared by all
users.

2. PRIMAVERA is a brand name under which several project

.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.

management software packages are marketed. The current


publisher of these packages is Oracle Corporation.
The core product, Primavera P6, was developed by the US
company Primavera Systems; in October 2008 Oracle acquired
Primavera Systems.
Primavera software application tools include:
Primavera P6 Enterprise Project Portfolio Management .
Primavera P6 Professional Project Management .
Primavera P6 Analytics .
Primavera Portfolio Management .
Primavera Contract Management .
Primavera Risk Analysis.
Primavera Inspire for SAP.
Primavera Earned Value Management

THANK YOU