Chapter 16 Review 1. What do glands do?

2. Where are hormones released into the body?

3. What are target cells and how do they work?

4. How does the effectiveness and time of hormones compare to nerve impulses?

5. What system regulates hormones and development?

6. What is the main organ of the endocrine system?

7. What are the functions of the hypothalamus?

8. When does life begin?

9. What are egg cells? How many chromosomes does each have?

10. What are sperm cells? How many chromosomes does each have?

11. What are the functions of the pituitary gland?

12. What is a zygote?

13. What is a chromosome?

14. What is reproduction?

15. What are the functions of the male reproductive system?

16. What are the functions of the female reproductive system?

17. What is the function of the testes?

18. What is the function of the ovaries?

19. What hormone controls development in men?

20. What are the affects of estrogen on a female?

21. What part of the female reproductive system is responsible for developing and nurturing a growing embryo?

22. At what age does the menstrual cycle begin?

23. How often does the female reproductive system release an egg?

24. At what point in the menstrual cycle is an egg released?

25. What is the function of the umbilical cord?

26. What is the function of the amniotic fluid?

27. During birth, the baby leaves the uterus and enters what part of the mother s body?

28. What are the stages of birth?

29. What does a fetus receive from its mother while in the womb?

30. Infants that develop from the same fertilized egg are said to be ________________.

31. What changes does an adolescent undergo during puberty?

32. Around age 30, what major change in development occurs?

33. What are the structures in a cell nucleus that control an organism s traits called?

34. What is heredity?

35. Describe the offspring of sexual reproduction compared to offspring from asexual reproduction.

36. What genetic marker controls what color of eyes you have or how tall you are?

37. How many alleles does an organism have for each trait? Where does each come from?

38. Brown eyes are dominant while blue eyes are recessive. What color eyes would the offspring of a brown eyed mother and a blue eyed father most likely have?

39. What type of reproduction yields more diverse offspring?

40. Describe the path of the egg through the female reproductive system.

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