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Internet Resource Guide

For Elementary Ocean Research

Group 3: Kristina D., Babbe V., Frederick M., Alex K.
ENGL 202C: Technical Writing
Professor Julie A. Malsbury
Friday, February 19th, 2016

Table of Contents
1.

Preface
1.1
1.2
1.3
1.4

Topic
Targeted Audience
Necessary Skills
Arrangement of Guide

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3
3
3
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2.

Impact of Pollution on the Ocean
2.1 Problems with the Ocean
2.2 Types of Pollution
2.3 Threats and Solutions
2.4 Plastic Pollution

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4
5
6
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3.

Wave Structure
3.1 Structure, Direction, and Speed
3.2 Importance of Wave Pattern
3.3 Types of Waves
3.4 Ocean Explorer

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10
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4.

Marine Life
4.1 Aspects of Marine Life
4.2 Categorization
4.3 Hippa adactyla
4.4 Importance of the Ocean

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5.

References

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1. Preface
1.1 Main Topic
The “Internet Resource Guide for Elementary Ocean Research” is a brief manual
that will provide the reader with 12 resources necessary for investigation into the
realm of the ocean. The topics of study include marine life, wave structure, and the
effects of pollution on the ocean’s ecosystem. The detailed descriptions of the vast
array of resources makes it efficient for the reader to complete their research, no
matter what their task may be.
1.2 Targeted Audience
This guide can help anyone interested in the study of the ocean, however the
simplicity of the content makes it more geared toward those studying the basic
principles of the marine world. While it may be of some help to anyone doing
research, this reference book is recommended for people who do not have much
prior experience or knowledge in ocean studies.
1.3 Necessary Skills
In order to use this reference book as a reliable guide, the reader must have the
skills necessary to search links on the internet. Due to the organization of this
manual, and the clarity of the resources, there are not any other necessary abilities.
1.4 Arrangement of Resource Guide
The clarity of this guide makes it extremely simple for the user to complete their
research on marine life, the impact of pollution on the ocean, and wave structure.
The sections are divided up respectively, and each section contains the links for
four resources. Under the link is a clear and concise description of what the reader
will find at the website, along with tips necessary for successful navigation. After
using this guide, all of the readers research needs will be met to complete
satisfaction.

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2. Ocean Pollution Resource
This section covers websites that under line issues and pollution dealing with the ocean.
There are websites from government agencies and organizations that deal with their local area’s
ocean pollution.

2.1 Problems with the Ocean
Location and Availability

Threats to oceans and coasts. (2016) Retrieved from http://wwf.panda.org/about
our_earth/blue_planet/problems/

Description:
This website link has valuable information on the ocean, sea and coast, and their corresponding
problems. It has a sub-category about problems associated with the ocean such as unsustainable
fishing, pollution, and oil drilling. Each sub-category gives a brief detail of the problem,
accompanied with a few statistics and several web-links for further insight into the issues.

Tips:
● There are topics on the left hand side about different types of water and problems
● Also on the left hand side, there is a resource link you can use to specify articles at certain dates

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2.2 Types of Ocean Pollution:

Location and Availability

Young People's Trust for the Environment. (2016) Retrieved from
https://ypte.org.uk/factsheets/sea-pollution/polluting-the-seas

Description:
This website link highlights different kinds of pollutions affecting the ocean. A brief summary of
each type of pollution and few factsheet/case studies. It is an easy access website that is available
to the public. This site targets information on ocean threats such as oil spills, chemical pollution,
plastic pollution and more, easily obtainable knowledge for anyone who is doing an elementary
research paper.

Tips:
● There are topics on the left hand side, click on the specific topics to pull up information about it
● Below are related resources for better understanding of general topic of pollution

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2.3 Threats and Solutions to Ocean Pollution:

Location and Availability

The National Geographic Society. (1996-2016) Retrieved from
http://ocean.nationalgeographic.com/ocean/protect/#threats

Description:
This is a government website that highlights several threats affecting the ocean. It provides
images and videos as well as statistics. It also has information on solutions to corresponding
pollutions. This website is a very fun and interactive site for anyone. It has many links that entail
all kinds of ocean pollutions, as well as label certain kinds of species that are endangered by
these pollutions.

Tips:
● There are tabs above, just under the title Protecting the Ocean, navigating these tabs give more
insights of the ocean life and stories
● The drop box next to the search box give more specific topics on the ocean

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2.4 Plastic Pollution:

Location and Availability

Jones, David. (2016) Retrieved http://www.plasticoceans.net/

Description:
This website provides information on plastic pollution affecting the ocean. It is an easily
accessible website made to the public. It’s a fun, colorful site that identifies the crisis of plastic
pollution, where the problem is occurring, solutions, and the supporters of this organization. It
also has update feeds such as tweets and newsletters.

Tips
● The side widget icon next to the search box has a list of tag as well as an archive and category
drop box to specify your search

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3. Wave Structure:
This section explains the different wave structures, how they are formed, and how the
wind plays an important factor into it. It explains, the different directions the wind blows that
impacts how the wave take on it’s actual form.
3.1 Structure, Direction, and Speed of Waves:

Location and Availability

Specific Li, Z., & Wang, H. (2016). Ocean Wave Simulation Based on Wind
Field. PLos One, 11(1). Retrieved from
http://ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4726578/

Description:
This source is made available to other students can understand the structure of the wave, and
what pushes the waves to go in different directions, and have different speeds. This website is
actually a journal(article) that explains the differences in waves in contrast to the wind pattern.
This article provides various methods of explaining and understanding ocean wave in reference
to how and in what direction the wind blows. It also describes different mathematical references
to finding how the wind effects the wave structure.
Tips:

To find information better in this website, the reader should look at the different subheadings of
each section that explains the importance of the method used. The math equations are essential to

this website, and to understanding how wind patterns are created.
The numbers on the side of the page which divide the sections, also provide the reader with
important facts, and where the different equations are.
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3.2 Importance of Wave Patterns:

Location and Availability

Using light to understand rogue waves | EarthSky.org. (n.d.). Retrieved from
http://earthsky.org/earth/using-light-to-understand-rogue-waves

Description:
This website describes the important factors of wave patterns, and how they are created from the
beginning of time. This website is an educational website which explains the different
mechanism of generating the waves. The information is clearly presented with pictures, and the
main points listed underneath each one to explain what the researchers have found.

Tips:
● There pictures with main points listed to better understand about the topic.
● The website is divided into paragraphs, this helps to identify the new and old information
researchers have found.

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3.3 Types of Waves:

Location and Availability
http://missionscience.nasa.gov/ems/02_anatomy.html

National Aeronautics and Space Administration, Science Mission Directorate.
(2010). Anatomy of an Electromagnetic Wave. Retrieved from Mission: Science

Description:
This website is clearly presented with pictures, and information about the different principles of
waves. It explains the two types of waves; Mechanical waves and electromagnetic waves that are
important to the world. This website defines the two waves, and explains how they are related,
and how they are different from each other.

Tips:

The divided sections of the website are used to give specify the main points of that topic on

waves. This will help the reader find the information in a more efficient way.
On the side of the page there are different topics about the waves listed under Electromagnetic
Spectrum. This can be used to find out more information about each one.

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3.4 Ocean Explorer: Multimedia Discovery Missions:
Location and Availability
Explorations. (n.d.). Retrieved February 19, 2016
http://oceanexplorer.noaa.gov/edu/learning/player/lesson09.html

Description:
This website has a short video that explains how waves are made, it explains the wavelengths of
the waves, the overall wave anatomy, and how the waves are structured in different types of
water. This website presents the information clearly, and provides the main points of the topic
throughout the video. This presents the readers with something different, and interesting because
it is not just words on a website that can make someone turn away from reading it, it is different
in the sense that it is an animation about the topic making it easier to understand.
Tips:
1. On this website where the video is shown, there are two tabs on the top that say lesson,
and global impact. Those two links are provided to help the reader find out more
information about the topic. They are very useful to helping the people find the
information in a more efficient way.

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4. Marine Life

4.1 Aspects of Marine Life and Impact on Ecosystem:
Location and Availability

Protecting the Ocean. (2016) Retrieved from
http://ocean.nationalgeographic.com/ocean/protect/#sea-creatures

Description:
We chose this source because it gives detailed explanations about the different aspects of marine
life. Not only does this source provide basic information about the various sea creatures, it also
explains their impact on the ecosystem. It also contains many pictures and videos of the creatures
in their natural habitat which may help people new to the subject to learn new things.

Tips:

It is an easy to navigate website where all of the information is sorted into different tabs

There are pictures you can click on which will take you to that sea creature’s information
page

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4.2 Categorization of Marine Life:

Location and Availability

Ocean Animal Encyclopedia. (2016) Retrieved from http://oceana.org/marine-life

Description:
This is a website which is essentially an online encyclopedia for most of the animals found in the
ocean. This categorizes all the marine life into the different kingdoms and families. This source
provides basic information about the animals such as their range of habitats, their source of food,
and conservation status. This website will be useful to our audience due to its ease of access and
easy to understand information.
Tips:

There are pictures of various species of animals which serve as links to further subspecies
of those particular animals

There are two tabs on the top of the main page: what we do and take action. The what we
do link explains the purpose of the organization and the take action includes phone
numbers and other contact information as well as steps on what you could do to help

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4.3 Hippa adactyla:

Location and Availability

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4729402/

Ardika, P. U., Farajallah, A., & Wardiatno, Y. (2015). First Record of Hippa
adactyla (Fabricius, 1787; Crustacea, Anomura, Hippidae) from Indonesian
Waters. Tropical Life Sciences Research, 26(2), 105–110.

Description:
This is a scientific article that talks about a particular species of marine life, Hippa adactyla was
found off the coast of Indonesia. It is a species that marine biologists recently have discovered
and did not know existed in those waters until now. This is a great undertaking because now, the
marine food chain in that area will be affected. We picked this article to use for our marine life
section because it is a species that not many people may know about and by reading about it, our
audience will find out something new.
Tips:

Provides sketches of the particular species being discussed

Since this is a scholarly article, it contains references to reputable sources where one can
go to in order to get more information

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4.4 Overall Importance of the Ocean:

Location and Availability

Oceans (2016) Retrieved from
http://wwf.panda.org/about_our_earth/ecoregions/about/habitat_types/habitats/oce
ans/

Description:
This is a website which explains basic information about the ocean and its importance to us. It
provides a quick summary of the marine food chain explaining who is at the bottom of the food
chain: critters like the plankton and small fish. While the very top of the food chain includes big
creatures such as the whale shark and the baleen whale. We chose this source because it is easy
to read and understand. It is a perfect source for beginners who want to get a head start on
learning about ocean and its inhabitants.
Tips:

Information is divided into smaller sub sections so readers will be able to focus on one
thing at a time

Links to several other biomes (habitat regions) with information

Several colored sketches to help the reader visualize the information

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Reference Page
Ocean Pollution/Issues:
1. Threats
to
oceans
and
coasts.
(2016)
Retrieved
http://wwf.panda.org/about our_earth/blue_planet/problems/
2. Jones, David. (2016) Retrieved from http://www.plasticoceans.net/

from

3. The National Geographic Society. (1996-2016) Retrieved from
http://ocean.nationalgeographic.com/ocean/protect/#threats
4. Young People's Trust for the Environment. (2016) Retrieved from
https://ypte.org.uk/factsheets/sea-pollution/polluting-the-seas
Wave Structure:
1. National Aeronautics and Space Administration, Science Mission Directorate.
(2010). Anatomy of an Electromagnetic Wave. Retrieved from Mission: Science
website: http://missionscience.nasa.gov/ems/02_anatomy.html
2. Using light to understand rogue waves | EarthSky.org. (n.d.). Retrieved from
http://earthsky.org/earth/using-light-to-understand-rogue-waves
3.
Specific Li, Z., & Wang, H. (2016). Ocean Wave Simulation Based on
Wind
Field.
PLos
One,
11(1).
Retrieved
from
http://ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4726578/
4. Explorations.
(n.d.).
Retrieved
February
19,
2016,
http://oceanexplorer.noaa.gov/edu/learning/player/lesson09.html

from

Marine Life
1. Ocean Animal Encyclopedia. (2016) Retrieved from http://oceana.org/marinelife
2. Protecting the Ocean. (2016) Retrieved from
http://ocean.nationalgeographic.com/ocean/protect/#sea-creatures
3. Ardika, P. U., Farajallah, A., & Wardiatno, Y. (2015). First Record of Hippa
adactyla (Fabricius, 1787; Crustacea, Anomura, Hippidae) from Indonesian
Waters. Tropical Life Sciences Research, 26(2), 105–110.
4. Oceans (2016) Retrieved from
http://wwf.panda.org/about_our_earth/ecoregions/about/habitat_types/habitats/oce
ans/
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