You are on page 1of 49

Famous Assassinations of the World

1st Hour
Adam V.
Edward F.
Jenna E.
Ana H.
Matthew K.
Ashish P.

Research Question
How Assassinations
Of Famous Leaders
Around The World
Impacted The United States

Not often do people really think about where America might be if the things that happened in the past didn't happen, at least,
in great detail. An infinite amount of things could have gone differently, and things would most likely not be the same as they are
today. People who were not inspired by Martin Luther King Jr. when he was alive but really started to understand civil rights and
segregation when he died may not be inspired or persuaded today because he could have never ended up getting assassinated. So
many unheard of laws today, could have been put into motion in the past making the way the United States lived originally completely
different with a whole new set of rules to abide by.

Prior to reading the informational book Kennedy’s Assassination by Wilborn Hampton there was a relatively small amount
knowledge in the group about the topic. It was common knowledge JFK was riding in his motorcade, and he unexpectedly was shot,
the crowd watching him campaign most likely went into a mix of shock and chaos. A large amount was learned over the course of
reading out of the book and researching then what was known originally.

The questions asked, and answered, were chosen mainly because not many people know much about people who are
commonly looked up to have been assassinated and how their death affected America, when the event took place, and how it affects
today. In the process of finding this research question there were many options but in the end learning more about assassinations of
leaders was most important.

Search Methods

We came up with a question to answer

We searched online and easybib research to try to find the answer

We narrowed our question down into sub questions

We searched online, read a book, and used prior knowledge to answer our questions

The book was the most interesting source to use since it was the first thing we got information about how assassinations really
affected people

One problem we ran into was not finding enough information to answer our questions, but we resolved this by finding more

Search Methods and Findings

Our questions started off in small questions, such as “Why were these people assassinated?”

Our questions developed into more specific questions that narrowed more on one topic, such as “How did the assassinations of
these people affect our lives?”

This change was good because we got more information about more specific topics.

We found very credible sources using easybib research

Our book
Written by Wilborn Hampton
he is a reporter from Dallas, Texas.
He has a wife and a son and a grandson.
Won two Academy Awards
He wrote six books total so far
He mostly wrote about what he covered as a reporter such as Elvis and Babe Ruth

What We Knew About This Topic
Before we read the book, we barely knew anything about the topic about assassinations.

All we knew about this topic was the main well-known assassinations, such as John F. Kennedy and Martin Luther King Jr.

We never thought about how it affected our and other people’s lives

When we researched, we gained a lot of knowledge about this topic.

We started to figure out which sites were credible and which ones weren’t

We started to gain better information on how to be a good researcher and how to find credible websites.

Why We Were Interested In The Topic

One reason we were interested in this topic was because we wanted to know who was assassinated and who the assassin was.

We were also interested in finding out how the victim was assassinated.

Also, we wanted to see what happened to the assassin

We also were interested because we wanted to see why the assassins killed their victim.

Also, we wanted to see how the assassination impacted the United States of America

How did assassinations of famous leaders
around the world affect the people of the
United States of America?


Did Martin Luther King Jr’s death impact America more than when he was alive?

How did the citizens of the United States react to the assassination of John F. Kennedy?

Why do the citizens hate Robert F. Kennedy? Did he affect the citizens of the United States when he died even, though he was

What did the Government do resulting in the assassination of Mahatma Gandhi?

What happened to the assassin, John Wilkes Booth, after the assassination of Abraham Lincoln?

How did John Lennon's assassination change people's belief in music and how did it affect them emotionally?

Alternative Source
Our alternative source about the topic of JFK was Mr. Stougard.

He told us was different than what we originally thought.

When we started the research project we started with the knowledge from our book and prior knowledge that not many people
like(d) the Kennedy family.

What Mr. Stougard said contradicts this, he informed us that many people actually did like the Kennedy family.

This information helped us not spread the wrong knowledge about the topic in our slides.

Martin Luther King Jr.
Did Martin Luther King Jr’s death impact America more than when he was alive?

Martin Luther King Jr.

He lead the Civil Rights movement

He was known for his famous speech in 1963 “I had a
dream. “

He was born in Atlanta, Georgia in January 19, 1929.

MLK Jr. Died from assassination on April 3, 1968.

He had a big impact on the civil rights movement based
off his famous “I Had a Dream” speech.

His Life

MLK Jr. grew up in a crowded house, living with six people. He lived with his parents, his grandparents, and two siblings.

MLK Jr. dad fought against prejudice which impacted MLK Jr.’s future decisions.

He graduated college earning a bachelor of divinity degree.

He started getting into civil rights when he was chose to lead a protest and be the official spokesman.

After MLK Jr. proceeded to write and organize protests and speeches.

One specific protest lead in Birmingham, Alabama was countered violently by white policemen using hoses, attack dogs and
other violent methods.

His Death

MLK was shot while standing on a balcony at the Lorraine Motel.

He was shot by a sniper's bullet by a man named James Earl Ray.

James Earl Ray was a criminal before killing MLK Jr. and was a racist.

James Earl Ray began his plan to kill MLK Jr. in 1968.

MLK Jr. was shot on April 4, 1968.

James Earl Ray confessed to killing MLK Jr. a year later in March.

At first, James Earl Ray said he had nothing to do with killing MKL Jr.

Segregation from 1890 to 2010, and how it changed
over time (Desilver, King’s “I have a dream” speech,
by the numbers).

This shows through the segregation years, the graph
is really high.

That means that segregation was very common
during those times.

A video about King

John F. Kennedy
How did the citizens of the United States react to the assassination of John F. Kennedy?

John F. Kennedy

John F. Kennedy was the 35th president of the united states and would’ve most likely had a second term, if he

hadn’t been shot. Kennedy was campaigning for his second term in Dallas, Texas on November 22, 1963 and he

was driving in an open-top convertible. Sitting beside his wife, Jacqueline Kennedy, he was shot by Lee Harvey Oswald, who was
supposedly sitting at his apartment.

It is not proven that Oswald was Kennedy’s murderer, but all evidence points to it. For example, when the police was going after
him, he shot one of them and killed them. This shows that Oswald knew he did something wrong, but even if he didn’t, he
should've gone to jail anyways, since he just killed a police officer.

John F. Kennedy’s family and the rest of the United States was affected. To answer the question, “How did assassinations of
Leaders around the world affect the people of the United States,” Kennedy’s death had one main impact on the people of the United
States, sadness. People were crying and mourning Kennedy’s death. There is no reason for anybody to be happy about his death,

John F. Kennedy’s Family

John F. Kennedy had three brothers, Robert F. Kennedy, Ted Kennedy, and Joseph P. Kennedy Jr.

Joseph died serving in World War II on August 12, 1944.

John was not the only one of his brothers to run for president, Robert and Ted also ran for president. Robert ran for president in
1968, but, like his brother, was assassinated. In 1980, Ted ran for president, but didn’t make it far. This was because he had
made poor decisions since his brothers’ deaths. One example is a car crash he was in and he didn’t die, but another person did,
which left a bad mark on Ted. That is why most people didn’t vote for him.

A lot of people think that if he didn’t make poor decisions, he would’ve became president and had two terms. Also, people think
he wouldn’t have made poor decisions if his brothers weren’t assassinated. Many people thought John was going to have two
terms and many people thought the same for Robert. If they haven’t been assassinated, Ted wouldn’t have made poor decisions
and he would’ve most likely had two terms too. That would be 24 straight years of the Kennedy family running the United

John F. Kennedy’s Life And Death

John F. Kennedy was born on May 29, 1917 in Brookline, Massachusetts.

He had three brothers: Joseph P. Kennedy, Robert F, Kennedy, and Edward M. Kennedy.

Joseph died in World War II at age 29.

Robert was John’s attorney general before John was assassinated. Robert was assassinated in 1968 at age 42 while running
for president.

Edward, people called him Ted, died of cancer in 2009 at age 77.

John’s father was the oldest son of Patrick J. Kennedy, who was a politician and John’s mother was the daughter of John F.
Fitzgerald, who was the mayor of Boston.

Interview With Nellie Connally About
November 22, 1963

Abraham Lincoln
What happened to the assassin, John Wilkes Booth, after the assassination of Abraham Lincoln?

Abraham Lincoln
Abraham Lincoln was the 16th president on the United States and he fought in the Civil War to stop slavery in the south.

Abraham Lincoln was born in 1816 in Kentucky. His family later moved to Indiana.

Abraham Lincoln was originally a lawyer and is arguably one of the greatest presidents in the United States

In his final speech he told the United States to welcome back the south and not to hold grudges against them.

He was assassinated in 1865 by John Wilkes Booth

The assassination of Abraham
On April 14, 1865 the president of the United States was watching a play at the Ford’s theater.

Everything seemed fine until a gunshot rang through the theater.

The president was shot.

The assassin was named John Wilkes Booth.

After he shot the president he managed to flee the theater and leave Washington D.C.

The information of the assassination spread quickly around the country.

Soon the entire country was looking for the assassin. He was soon captured and was sentenced to death for his crimes.

Robert F. Kennedy
Why do the citizens hate Robert F. Kennedy?

Did he affect the citizens of the United States when he died even, though he was hated?

Robert F. Kennedy
A little bit about Robert F Kennedy:

Robert F. Kennedy was an attorney general for the Us from 1961 to 1964. he Graduated from

Harvard University and the University of Virginia School of Law. On On June 5, 1968 he was

Shot while campaign for the Democratic presidential nomination. People say that Robert F. Kennedy would have won if not for
being shot.

Robert had 11 children and he was buried at Virginia’s Arlington National Cemetery.

His life
Robert Kennedy was born on November 20, 1925.

he fell in love with his sister’s roommate Ethel Skakel later to be
his wife.

His parents Rose and Joseph had seven other children
A while after graduating, Kennedy joined the U.S. Department of
one John F kennedy the future president of the United States.

The Kennedy family moved to Britain when Joseph
was named the ambassador of Britain.

Justice’s Criminal Division in 1951.

he worked for senator McCLellan and found uncovered the
corruption from union leader Jimmy Hoffa.

They then moved back
when world war two threatened to come over to Britain.

Robert applied to Harvard after going to Milton Academy prep.

Soon after Kennedy became JFK's closest advisor

after JFK death he quit.

Why he was Killed
Kennedy was shot while campaigning for the presidential election and was killed by Sirhan Sirhan.

From research I have concluded that he may of thought it was the only way to prevent him from becoming president. (I will explain
my thinking)

Robert Kennedy’s ideas had naturally caused some people to oppose his ideas but one person Sirhan Sirhan had thought his idea
was so bad that he could not be president so he killed Robert Kennedy.

A Video About Robert F. Kennedy

Mahatma Gandhi
What did the Government do resulting in the assassination of Mahatma Gandhi?

Mahatma Gandhi
Mahatma Gandhi was a leader of India's independence and the designer of a type of non-violent civil violation that
affected the world majorly.

Mahatma Gandhi was born on October 2, 1869 and was assassinated on January 30, 1948.

During his youth, Mohandas Gandhi was shy, soft-spoken, and only a mediocre student at school.

At age 23, Gandhi spent 20 years in South Africa working to fight discrimination.

While in India, Gandhi's obvious virtue, simplistic lifestyle, and minimal dress endeared him to the people.

Many civil rights leaders, including Martin Luther King Jr., used Gandhi's concept of non-violent protest as a model
for their own struggles.

Mahatma Gandhi’s Family
Gandhi’s father was the chief minister of Porbandar.

His mother was a devoted practitioner of worship of the Hindu God-Vishnu.

At age 13, Gandhi married Kasturba, also known as Kasturbai, later on they had 4 children.

Gandhi’s wife, Kasturba, later on died in 1944.

On September 1888, at age 18, Gandhi left India without his Wife and newborn child, to learn and become a barrister (lawyer).

Mahatma Gandhi’s Death Effect in the U.S.
Question : How did the assassination of Mahatma Gandhi change future and what changed over time?

Even after Gandhi’s death, his commitment to nonviolence and his belief in simple living, such as making his own clothes, eating a
vegetarian diet and fasts for self-purification, have been a beacon of hope for oppressed and marginalized people around the

Satyagraha still remains as one of the most potent philosophies in freedom struggles around the world.

Also, Gandhi’s actions inspired many people around the globe and many include civil rights leaders, Martin Luther King Jr. and
Nelson Mandela.


John Lennon

How did John Lennon's assassination change people's belief in music and how did it affect them emotionally?

John Lennon and the Beatles

Was the lead singer of the Beatles, known as the “Fab Four.”

the music group that started the culture of pop music.

They started in 1960 and after that they took off in the world of music.

September 1969, John Lennon silently announced that he would be leaving the group.

It was officially announces one year later, April 10th 1970.

The Beatles started a revolution, a new kind of music.

The Beatles were one of the first to make good rock and roll and pop music that all of America heard and loved

The Beatles were one of the first boy bands to make a music video.

John Lennon

John Lennon
John Lennon had 2 kids and his wife was Yoko Ono.

He was born on October 9th , 1940

He died at the age of 40 on December 8th , 1980

Mark Chapman was the assassin.

Mark Chapman lived inside the book Catcher In the Rye by J. D. Salinger.

After reading the book, he was confused, he felt the need to Beatles either commit suicide or kill John Lennon.

After the assassination Mark Chapman regretted his decision of assassinating John Lennon

This is a graph that shows the number
of albums the Beatles sold in 25
This means that the Beatles sold a lot
of albums. Over 10,000,000

John Lennon
How did John Lennon change people's belief in music and how it affected the

When John Lennon died, it took a matter of hours until the whole world knew
Americans listened to country, and rhythmic blues before the Beatles

The Beatles started to make pop and rock and roll music and that changed the way people listened and thought about music.

One of the genre most listened in America is pop and rock and roll music.

Without the Beatles, pop and rock and roll music would probably not be as popular.

When The Beatles music was listened to, it made the lives of listeners better and happier.

Our Question
How does a well-looked-up-to leader affect the United States if
they are assassinated?

How does a well-looked-up-to leader
affect the United States if they are
The president has a lot of affect on the United States if they die

The part of the nation who saw the president as a good leader and a smart leader will be possibly mourning

Some people may be defensive over what other people say about that president if they are bad things

Next in line after the president dies is the vice president.

This means, to the people who thought of JFK as a good president even the people who didn't will have to get used to a new
president, which they may like more or may hate more.

Information About Presidents and
Many people look up to presidents, or other leaders for a specific reason.

Leaders such as Martin Luther King Jr. are respected because of their effect on the civil rights movement and giving “Blacks” rights
that the whites had.

If there was no Martin Luther King Jr. to inspire people there might have been that kind of segregation today.

In conclusion, finding more credible and more informational is one way that shows improvement in finding information and
how to check if a website is credible or not. Organizing an outline for the research paper and taking more time on the project are some
improvements expected to make on the next project. Learning how each and every leader improved America and learning how the
leaders changed history, brought many thoughts on if they did not do the things they did, how would America act and how would it be
like. Feeling happy about what you have and feeling happy that you are alive are two things anyone should be happy about after
learning about the many leaders that were assassinated.

Luther King




Robert F.

"Abraham Lincoln’s Assassination." A&E Television Networks, n.d. Web. 23 Feb. 2016.
"The Assassination of John Lennon." The Assassination of John Lennon. N.p., n.d. Web. 24 Feb. 2016.
Beth. "The Rock and Roll Hall of Fame + Museum." The Beatles Biography. N.p., n.d. Web. 25 Feb. 2016. A&E Networks Television, n.d. Web. 23 Feb. 2016. A&E Networks Television, n.d. Web. 24 Feb. 2016.
Bishop, Jim. The Day Kennedy Was Shot. New York: Funk & Wagnalls, 1968. Print.
"CNN Transcript - Larry King Live Weekend: A Look Back at Mark David Chapman in His Own Words - September 30, 2000." - Breaking News, U.S., World, Weather,
Entertainment & Video News. N.p., n.d. Web. 23 Feb. 2016.
"Does the President Run the Economy?" [Mackinac Center]. N.p., n.d. Web. 24 Feb. 2016.
Hamill, Pete. "The Death and Life of John Lennon." New York Magazine. N.p., n.d. Web. 23 Feb. 2016.
Hampton, Wilborn. Kennedy Assassinated!: The World Mourns: A Reporter's Story. Cambridge, MA: Candlewick, 2001. Print.
Hampton, Wilborn. Kennedy Assassinated!: The World Mourns: A Reporter's Story. New York, NY: Scholastic, 1997. Print.
International, United Press, and American Heritage. Four Days: The Historical Record of the Death of President Kennedy. New York: American Heritage Pub., 1983. Print.
"JFK Assassination - Target Freedom USA™." Target Freedom USA. N.p., n.d. Web. 24 Feb. 2016.

"JFK Official Portrait." - John F. Kennedy Presidential Library & Museum. N.p., n.d. Web. 24 Feb. 2016.
"John F. Kennedy Assassinated." A&E Television Networks, n.d. Web. 23 Feb. 2016.
"John F. Kennedy." Government, n.d. Web. 23 Feb. 2016.
"Joseph P. Kennedy Jr." - John F. Kennedy Presidential Library & Museum. N.p., n.d. Web. 26 Feb. 2016.
"KENNEDY, Robert Francis - Biographical Information." KENNEDY, Robert Francis - Biographical Information. N.p., n.d. Web. 24 Feb. 2016.
Leblanc, Charles. Black and white, John Lennon, Portrait. Digital image. Https:// N.p., 8 Dec. 2008. Web.
"Mahatma Gandhi Quotes." BrainyQuote. Xplore, n.d. Web. 23 Feb. 2016.
"Martin Luther King Jr." - Biography. N.p., n.d. Web. 24 Feb. 2016.
MCGASKO, JOE. "We Love Them, Yeah Yeah Yeah: 7 Ways the Beatles Changed American Culture." A&E Networks Television, 7 Feb. 2015. Web. 27 Feb. 2016.
"Mohandas Gandhi." A&E Television Networks, n.d. Web. 23 Feb. 2016.
The New York Times Company. "Martin Luther King, Jr. Assassination." 20th Century History. N.p., 2009. Web. 23 Feb. 2016.
November 22, the Day Remembered. Dallas, TX: Taylor Pub., 1990. Print.
"Robert F. Kennedy." A&E Television Networks, n.d. Web. 26 Feb. 2016.
Salinger, J. D., E. Michael Mitchell, and Lotte Jacobi. The Catcher in the Rye. N.p.: n.p., n.d. Print.
"Selection and Succession of the President." Independence Hall Association, n.d. Web. 24 Feb. 2016.
The Torch Is Passed: The Associated Press Story of the Death of a President. New York, NY: Associated, 1964. Print.
"Who Was Gandhi, and How Did He Change History?" Education. N.p., n.d. Web. 23 Feb. 2016.