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U.S.

History FULL YEAR - Final Study Guide


Please complete the following study guide as preparation for our MC / CR district final that will take
place during our last week of the Semester/Year. You NEED TO:
1. Provide IN-DEPTH DEFINITIONS and DESCRIPTIONS for single item IDs.
o Please provide definitions/descriptions for ALL multi-part items (items that have subbulleted points / letters).
2. Start EACH section on a SEPARATE sheet of paper
o You will have 10 separate sections (Label them according to the titles below)
o 25 points per section
o ALL OR NOTHING!
3. Use the FORMAT I provide (This helps me grade the mass amounts of work I will receive)
4. Hand write this study guide (last year multiple students turned in the same MS WORD study
guide)
o Complete in the ORDER provided!
Due Dates:

Value:
-

This study guide will be


worth 250 points.

Extra Credit To Be
Determined

Organization:

Early Bird (Extra Credit)


by Friday, May 18, 2016
Otherwise, due by our final
(MC / CR) for regular credit

Make sure your Study guide is broken up


into 10 SECTIONS.
Label EACH Section and Subsections
Ensure ALL terms/events are clearly
marked
Use NUMBERS and LETTERS in
Sections!!!

Section I (1865 1898 Post Civil War America)


ID Section Write a definition / description for each of the terms below. Provide a more in-depth explanation for multi-part items.
Civil War Recon
1.

2.

3.
4.

Presidential reconstruction vs.


Congressional Reconstruction
(Johnson vs. Lincoln)
The Civil War Amendments
a) 13th amendment
b) 14th amendment
c) 15th amendment
Black Codes and Jim Crow
Failure of Reconstruction
(Compromise of 1877 the End of
Recon)

Post War Industrial Age


1.
2.

3.
4.
5.

Growth of oil and railroad industry


People who contributed to
Industrialization
a) Robber Barons
b) Andrew Carnegie
c) John D. Rockefeller
Social Darwinism
Vertical and Horizontal Integration
Benefits AND drawbacks of
Industrialization

Immigration
1.
2.

3.

4.

5.

Push and pull factors


Southern/Eastern European
Immigration in the latter
1800s
Chinese immigrants
a) Chinese
Exclusion Act
Japanese immigrants
a) Gentlemens
Agreement
Nativism Movement

Urbanization
1.
2.

Growth of cities in the


19th century
Problems associated
with the growth of cities
a) Tenements
b) Poverty
c) Sanitation
issues

Section II (1898 1917 Emergence of Modern America)


ID Section Write a definition / description for each of the terms below. Provide a more in-depth explanation for multi-part items.
Progressivism
1.

2.
3.
4.
5.

An American Empire

Goals of Progressives (labor


laws, workplace safety, limited
working hours, etc.)
Suffrage and the NAWSA
19th Amendment (Womens
Vote)
Theodore Roosevelt and
Square Deal
Civil Rights (Dubois and
Washington)

1.
2.
3.
4.

Acquiring Alaska and Hawaii


Spanish-American War
a.
Cuban Independence Movement
b.
U.S.S. Maine
Yellow Journalism
Foreign Policy (Roosevelt, Taft, and Wilson)
a.
Corollary to Monroe Doctrine
b.
Big-Stick Diplomacy
c.
Tafts Dollar Diplomacy
d.
Wilson and Missionary
Diplomacy

War and Diplomacy World War I


1.
2.

3.
4.

5.

U.S. neutrality to war


U.S. Enters War
a.
Zimmerman note, British Blockade, and
German submarine warfare
League of Nations (why the U.S. opposed it)
War at Home
a.
mobilization, economy, financing, War
industries board, War Bonds, anti-immigrant
groups, Great Migration
Espionage and Sedition Acts (1918)

Section III (1920s Economic Boom and Bust)


ID Section Write a definition / description for each of the terms below. Provide a more in-depth explanation for multi-part items.
1920s Economic Boom and Bust
1.

2.

3.
4.

Red Scare and Labor


Unions / Bolshevik
revolution
Restrictions on
Immigration / Emergency
Quota Act (1921/2914)
Nativism AND Resurgence
of the KKK
Sacco and Vanzetti

5.
6.
7.
8.
9.

Automobile (urban sprawl and assembly line production)


Consumerism in the 1920s
Superficial prosperity and its link to the economic boom
Flappers and change for women in 1920s
Cultural Change for African Americans
a.
Great Migration
b. Harlem Renaissance
c.
Marcus Garvey / UNIA
d. Jazz Music

10.
11.
12.
13.
14.

Advertisement in the
1920s
18th Amendment and the
Volstead Act
Rise of Organized Crime
(Al Capone)
Prohibition and its impact
Scopes Trial

Section IV (1930s Great Depression and the New Deal)


ID Section Write a definition / description for each of the terms below. Provide a more in-depth explanation for multi-part items.
1930s Great Depression and the New Deal
1.
Causes and effects of the Great
2.
Stock Market Crash and
9.
Attacks on New Deal
15. Soup lines
a.
Father
16. Impact of Depression on
Depression
its impact
a.
Decline of farming
3.
Black Tuesday
Coughlin
Minorities
b.
Overproduction of
4.
Hoovervilles
b.
Huey Long
a.
Black Cabinet
5.
Goals of the New Deal
c.
Supreme
b.
Mexican
consumer goods
c.
Consumers amassed debt
(Relief, Recovery and
Court
Repatriation
d.
High Tariffs (Hawley Smoot
10. Laissez Faire
c.
Indian
Reform)
11. Rugged Individualism
Tariff)
6.
Alphabet agencies
Reorganization
12. Keynesian Economics
e.
Speculation on Stock
(CCC, SEC, SSA, TVA,
Act
13. The Dust Bowl
Market / buying on Margin
AAA)
14.
Migration
out
of
the
f.
Unequal distribution of
7.
First 100 days
Dust Bowl
wealth
8.
Fire-side chats and FDR

Section V (1940s World War II)


ID Section Write a definition / description for each of the terms below. Provide a more in-depth explanation for multi-part items.
1940s World War II

1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.

U.S. Isolationism
Shift in U.S. Policy From Isolation
to Involvement
Neutrality Acts
Cash-Carry program
Lend-Lease
Public opinion before the war
Pearl Harbor

8.
9.
10.
11.
12.
13.

US embargo of oil trade to Japan


Characteristics of warfare in Europe
The End of the War in Europe
Unconditional Surrender
War in the Pacific and unconditional
surrender
Manhattan Project
Use of the Atomic Bomb to end the
war (Fat Man and Little Boy)

14.
15.
16.
17.
18.
19.
20.

VE-Day
VJ-Day
Japanese Interment
Korematsu v. United States
Zoot Suit Riots
Longoria Affair
Post War
a.
Yalta Conference
b.
Nuremberg Trials
c.
U.S. Occupation of Japan

Section VI (1950s Cold War and 50s Culture)


ID Section Write a definition / description for each of the terms below. Provide a more in-depth explanation for multi-part items.
Cold War Beginnings
1.
2.

3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.

Communism vs.
Capitalism
Origins of the Cold War
a.
US aims vs.
Soviet Aims in
Europe
b.
Policy of
Containment
c.
Soviet Union
Hegemony /
Domination
The Truman Doctrine
The Marshall Plan
The Iron Curtain
Berlin (West Berlin in a
sea of communism)
NATO and Warsaw
Alliances
Satellite Nations
Berlin Blockade and
Berlin Airlift

Cold War in the 50s and 60s


1.
2.
3.

4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.

10.

Fall of China to Communism


Soviets get Nuclear Bomb
Korean War
a.
38th Parallel
b.
North invades the
South
c.
China helps North
Korea
d.
Stalemate
The Domino Theory
Cuba and the Cuban Missile
Crisis
The Bay of Pigs
Brinkmanship
Nuclear Arms Race
Policy of Deterrence AND the
policy of MAD (Mutually
Assured Destruction)
The Space Race
a.
Sputnik
b.
Apollo Space
Programs
c.
Landing on the
Moon

Cold War and Culture in the 1950s


1.
2.
3.
4.

5.
6.
7.
8.
9.

10.
11.

The Second Red Scare


House Un-American Activities Committee (HUAC)
McCarthyism
The Bomb
a.
Duck and Cover
b.
Bomb Shelters
c.
Soviet Spies (Rosenbergs)
President Eisenhower
a.
Eisenhower Doctrine
b.
Interstate Highway Act
1950s Post-war economic boom
1950s Consumerism
1950s Automobile culture
a.
Migration to the suburbs
b.
Automobile as a status symbol
The American Dream
a.
Nuclear Family
b.
White Collar America
c.
The Other America / Working poor / poverty line
The Baby Boom
Popular Culture
a.
Television in the U.S. during the 1950s
b.
Rock-n-Roll
c.
Beat Movement

Section VII (1960s Civil Rights Movement )


ID Section Write a definition / description for each of the terms below. Provide a more in-depth explanation for multi-part items.
1960s Civil Rights
1.
Reconstruction Amendments
8.
SCLC (Southern
18. Freedom Summer
26. Cesar Chavez
27. Migrant Farmers and the grape
(13th, 14th, 15th Amendments)
Christian Leadership
(Voting Drive)
2.
Impact of Jim Crow on the South
19. March in Selma
boycott
Conference)
3.
Plessy v. Ferguson
20. 1965 Voting Rights
28. Latino Civil Rights Movement
9.
Little Rock Nine /
4.
WWII and African Americans
a.
La Raza Unida
Act
School integration
a.
Tuskegee Airmen
b.
School walkouts
21. Effectiveness of non10. The Sit-In Movement
b.
Truman and
c.
Brown Berets
11. Greensborough Four
violent protest
29. Feminism
Desegregation of
12. SNCC (Student
22. Malcolm X and the
a.
Womens Liberation
Military
Nonviolent
Nation of Islam
Movement
5.
Brown v. Board of Education
23. Black Power
Coordination
30.
AIM

American
Indian Movement
6.
Montgomery Bus Boycott
Movement
Committee)
a.
Wounded Knee
a.
Rosa Parks
24. Black Panther
13. Freedom Riders
Trail of Broken Treaties
b.
Montgomery
14. March in Birmingham /
Movement
Improvement
25. Assassination of MLK
Childrens March
Association (MIA)
15. March on Washington
Jr. and Malcolm X
7.
Martin Luther King Jr.
16. I Have a Dream
17. 1964 Civil Rights Act

Section VIII (1960s and 1970s / Vietnam


ID Section Write a definition / description for each of the terms below. Provide a more in-depth explanation for multi-part items.
Vietnam War Beginnings
1.
2.

3.

4.

5.
6.

French Colonization (Japanese


and French Rule )
U.S Supports the French
a.
US aid to France
b.
Domino Theory
c.
Dien Bien Phu falls
The Geneva Accords
a.
Vietnam is split until
elections
Ho Chi Minh
a.
Ho Chi Minh gains
support in the North
b.
Rise of the Vietcong in
the South
c.
National Liberation
Front
d.
Ho Chi Minh Trail
Early US interventions
a.
Early US advisers
USS Maddox and the Gulf of
Tonkin incident

The War
7.
8.
9.
11.
12.
13.

14.
15.

The Home Front and Change in America

Gulf of Tonkin Resolution


Congress gives BLANK CHECK to
President Johnson
Operation Rolling Thunder
U.S. Troop buildup and escalation
The Draft in the U.S.
North Vietnamese and Vietcong strategies
a.
Guerrilla warfare
b.
Jungle warfare
c.
Tunnel systems
d.
Booby traps
e.
Ho Minh Trail
USSR and China supported North
Vietnam
American Strategies
a.
Massive aerial bombing
b.
Hi-tech war
c.
Helicopters
d.
Napalm
e.
Defoliants/agent orange
f.
Search and destroy
g.
Body counts
h.
War of attrition

16.

17.
18.
19.
20.
21.
22.

23.

Declining support in the U.S.


a.
Low troop morale
b.
Credibility gap with the U.S.
c.
My Lai massacre
d.
Impact of the draft
e.
Anti-war protests
Stalemate
The 1968 Tet Offensive
Vietnam The first televised war
The Pentagon Papers and the Credibility gap
Vietnam takes away from Great Society Programs
(social programs by President Johnson)
American Opposition to the War
a.
The New left
b.
Campus Activism
c.
Kent State
d.
Doves and Hawks
e.
Counterculture / Hippies
Nixon and Vietnam
a.
Vietnamization
b.
De-escalation

Section IX (1970s and Conservatism)


ID Section Write a definition / description for each of the terms below. Provide a more in-depth explanation for multi-part items.
Transition to Conservatism
1.

2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.

Nixons Foreign Policy


a.
Dtente
b.
Nixon visits China and
Moscow
Watergate
1970s recession
a.
Inflation
b.
Stagflation
OPEC Oil Embargo
a.
Energy Crisis
b.
Gas lines
Carters Failure
a.
Rising inflation
b.
Collapse of dtente
Iran Hostage Crisis
1980 Presidential Election
a.
Landslide victory for
conservatism/republican
s

Rise of Conservatism
1.
2.
3.
4.

5.

The New Right


a) Oppose abortion
b) Role of religion and faith
Moral Majority
Health issues
a) AIDS
b) Drugs Just Say No
Regan Welfare Cuts
a) Impact on minority
groups
b) Impact on education,
food stamps, lowincome housing
George Bush (41st President)
a) Americans with
Disabilities Act of 1990
b) Clean Air Act
Amendments of 1990

Regan Legacy
1.

2.

3.

4.

Reaganomics
a) Increase in defense/military spending
b) Tax cuts on all
c) Trickle Down / Supply Side
d) Deregulation of industry
e) Climbing federal budget deficit
Reagan and the Cold War
a) Hard-line anti communist
b) End of Dtente
c) The Evil Empire
d) Increase in military spending
e) Strategic Defense Initiative (SDI)
f)
INF Treaty
Downfall of Soviet Communism
a) Gorbachev and Reagan summits
b) Perestroika
c) Glasnost
d) Collapse of the Berlin Wall
Collapse of the Soviet Russia

Section X (Globalization and Global Terror )


ID Section Write a definition / description for each of the terms below. Provide a more in-depth explanation for multi-part items.
Globalization

Wars and Terrorism

1.

2.

3.

Impact of technology on the


economy
a) Computers
b) Biotechnology
c) Satellite technology
d) The Internet
e) Service economy

1.

Globalization
a) Multinational
corporations
b) High tech industries
c) Service Industry
d) Impact of global trade

3.

Impact of globalization on the U.S.


a) Immigration
b) Free trade / NAFTA
c) World Trade
Organization
d) Shifting populations

5.

2.

4.

The Gulf War (Gulf War I)


a.
Saddam Hussein Invasion of Kuwait
b.
Global response to the invasion
c.
Operation Desert Storm
9/11
a.
Deadliest attack on U.S. Soil
b.
World Trade Center (WTC)
c.
Attack on the Pentagon
Osama Bin Laden and AL Qaeda
a.
Sponsor of international terrorism / extremism
U.S. Civilian Response to 9/11
a.
Anti-Muslim sentiments
b.
Patriotism
c.
Fear
d.
Guantanamo Bay Prison Camp
9/11 Wars
a.
Afghanistan
i. Overthrow the Taliban (who supported Al Qaeda)
ii. Search for Bin Laden
b.
Second Iraq War (Gulf War II)
i. Saddam Hussein
ii. Fear of Weapons of Mass Destruction (WMD)
iii. Anti-War Movement