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Berger, Kathleen S. Early Childhood: Biosocial Development.

The Developing Person


through a Life Span. New York: Worth Publishers, 2014. Print
This chapter of the book lists reason why and how children obesity is increasing.
Preschool age children have particular diets, making it hard for parents to feed them a
nutritional diet. Parents do not want their children to go hungry so they feed the child
whatever it wants. I will use this information to explain the causes of childhood obesity in
preschool aged children.
1. Relevancy: This book relates to my topic by pointing out how children at various stages of
development are at risk for obesity. There are different risk factors for each age group. For
example; children at a preschool age have particular diet so its hard to feed them nutritional
diets, making them susceptible to obesity.
2. Accuracy: This textbook presents no biased or unsupported claims. The statics and facts are
supported by references. This book was screened so it could be used in a college level
psychology class so its references and source must be reliable.
3. Currency: This book was published in 2014 so the facts and statics are up to date. There
was any evidence that the information was recently updated other than the publishing date.
The fact that it was published two years ago means that the information in the book is about
the current population.
4. Authority: The Author of this textbook has several degrees including a Ph. D. from Yeshiva
University. She also has experience as an educator at all levels. Worth Publishers has
published many books for the company Macmillan learning which have published many
textbooks used in school and universities all over the country.
5. Purpose: The purpose of this book is to teach students about the psychology of a developing
person from birth to death. The audience was intended to be college students. The

information that pertained to my topic was not easily found because the purpose of the book
was not to focus on childhood obesity.
6. Rating: I would give this source a 4 because the relevancy, accuracy, currency and authority
are very strong for this source. The purpose of this book was not to focus on childhood
obesity so I had to thoroughly read a number of chapters to attain the information I need from
this source. I obtained great information from this source that will help me further my
research
Koplan, Jeffery, et al. Preventing Childhood Obesity: health in the balance. Washington D.C.:
National Academies Press, 2005. Print.
This book talks about how life expectancy has grown over the past century but now it is
now decreasing again due to childhood obesity. I will use this article to make the point that
childhood obesity is a very big problem and state some factors that lead to childhood
obesity.
1. Relevancy: This book had a lot of information pertaining to my article. It support my topic
saying that decreased physical activity was the most common risk factor for childhood
obesity. This article as a lot of information that does not pertain to my topic but was helpful
to build background knowledge about obesity.
2. Accuracy: There was no bias, unsupported claims in this source. The information this article
gave to back up its claims were reference pages in the back of the book. The information
presented in this book was strictly facts.
3. Currency: The source was published in 2005 so it is not up to date. The fact that it was
published 11 years ago means that some of the information is not relevant today. There is
still a lot of useful information in this article that can be used in my research.
4. Authority: Jeffery Koplan was the director of the Centers for Disease Control and
Prevention for four year. He has written over 200 scientific papers making him a credible

author. National Academies Press has published many authoritative reports that have been
rated very well.
5. Purpose: The purpose of this book was to teach and inform readers of how to prevent
childhood obesity and the components that lead to childhood obesity. There is only one view
point presented in this article which is that childhood obesity is increasing and that it is very
damaging to a persons health. The information is presented very clearly in this article.
6. Rate: I rate this article a 4 out of 5. The Relevancy, accuracy, authority and purpose of this
article is very good. The Currency of this article is the only concern with this source some of
the information in this book is out of date and is no good for my research.

Caprio, Sonia and et. All. Influence of Race, Ethnicity, and Culture on Childhood Obesity:
Implications for Prevention and Treatment: A consensus statement of Shaping America's
Health and the Obesity Society Diabetes Care. 31.11 (2008): 2211-2221. Web. 3 Mar.
2016.
This article states that children from minority races are more likely to become
obese. There are many factors that could influence this increase like genetics, culture and
social location. For example, a factor that can cause this is that girls from minority families
go through puberty earlier, making them more at risk for becoming obese. African
American children who are obese as children are more likely to become obese as adults
than Caucasian children. I will use this article to state the different factors that lead to
childhood obesity and how ethnicity plays a role.
1. Relevancy: This article relates to my topic of childhood obesity by stating the different risk
factors of different races that make a person susceptible to obesity. This article states many
different aspects of a race such as culture, genetics or social location that can make a child

more susceptible to obesity. This article has specific information that was not found in any of
my other sources.
2. Accuracy: This article strictly stated the facts. I detected no bias while reading it. The
author site many references proving that his statements where accurate.
3. Currency: This article is a little date since it was published eight years ago. This effects is
relevancy because there could have been new studies done in that time that could change the
data in this article. For the most part I believe this data is relevant since there has been no
major breakthrough in decreasing childhood obesity.
4. Authority: Sonia Caprio, the major author of this article researches the pathophysiology of
metabolic defect of children and obesity. This background gives her the knowledge needed
to analyze and synthesis this information. The journal this article was published in, Diabetes
Care, is a scholarly journal that has good credibility.
5. Purpose: The purpose of this article was to inform readers of the increased risk that some
races have to obesity. The audience of this article was mainly people with diabetes or health
care professionals who work closely to diabetics. This information in this article was clearly
presented and organized.
6. Rating: I rate this article a 4. The only poor thing about this source was its currency. There
could be new information out there that could disprove some of the facts stated in this article.
The most impressive criterion of this article was its relevancy because it had a lot of
information that helped further my knowledge about this topic.
Wojcicki, Janet M. and Melvin B. Heyman. Lets Move: Childhood Obesity Prevention from
Pregnancy and Infancy Onward. The New England Journal of Medicine. 362.16 (2010):
1457-1459. Web. 3 Mar. 2016.
Factors that can occur to the child while the mother is pregnant and during infancy
can increase the chance of a child becoming obese. These factors are that the mother

smoked during pregnancy, excessive weight gain during pregnancy, high amounts of sleep
for the child, and breast feeding past the recommended amount of time. I will use this
article to state how there are factors that play a role in childhood obesity before a child is
even born.
1. Relevancy: This article focuses on childhood obesity prevention which is not my topic. It
does have some key facts stating what particular risk factors lead to childhood obesity. For
example this article states that children whose mothers smoked during pregnancy have an
increased chance of becoming obese.
2. Accuracy: I did not detect any bias in this article. There were only facts in this article and
not personal opinions. There are many citations and references to where the data came from.
3. Currency: This article was publish about a year about so it is very current with up to date
studies to back up its information. The studies that this article used to collect some of its data
from were published within two years of this article. The fact that this article was published
so recently means that the information is very relevant to my topic
4. Authority: Both authors of this article are pediatric doctors who currently are teaching a
medical colleges so they both have the background knowledge relating to children. Janet
Wojcicki has published several article relating to childhood obesity. The New England
Journal of Medicine was ranked in the top 20 journal rankings in 2016.
5. Purpose: the purpose of this article is to inform people of ways to prevent childhood obesity
and state what part of the population is at risk for childhood obesity. The audience of this
article would is medical professional since it was published in a medical journal. There was
no important facts or data omitted from this article.
6. Rating: I rate this article a 3 out of 5. The purpose of this article was focused toward people
with a higher education level making some of the information difficult to understand. The
relevancy of this article to my topic was not the best because the article was focusing on
obesity prevention.

Division of Nutrition, Physical Activity and Obesity. Childhood Obesity Causes and
Consequences. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. N.d. Web. 3 Mar. 2016.
In this article it state environmental and behavioral risk factors that cause childhood
obesity. This article also states statistics of how childhood obesity is growing. It will use this
article to state those factors and how they relate to childhood obesity.
1. Relevancy: This article analyses the risk factors to childhood obesity. This article also has a
lot of background information about how childhood obesity has increased over the years and
it prevalence. It does state some of the same risk factors as my previous source but it goes in
to greater detail about them.
2. Accuracy: There is no bias to this article it strictly states the facts. There are many
resources and references listed below the article stating where they got their information
from. The data comes from many articles and studies that have been published in scholarly
journals.
3. Currency: This article does not state exactly when it was published but it did state that it
was last updated in June of 2015. The age of this source is important because it means that
the statistics are current. The information in this article is relevant to my topic.
4. Authority: This article was published on the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
official website to the public. This is a very credible source since it is a government
organization. The sources that were reference for this article were other government
organizations making them reliable.
5. Purpose: The purpose of this article was to inform the public about the causes and
consequences of childhood obesity. This article was written to influence people to change
their lives and their childrens lives to live a healthier lifestyle. The audience of this article is
to the people who live in the United States.

6. Rating: I rate this article a 5. The authority of this article was very credible. The relevancy
to my topic was very good because it also stated background information and statistics
related to childhood obesity. Purpose of this article was also very strong.

Childhood Obesity: Causes. Childhood Obesity: Causes. N.p., n.d. Web. 05 Mar. 2016
This article states environmental, psychological, genetic, socioeconomic, diet, lack of
physical actively and medical factors as to why childhood obesity is increasing in the United
States. It goes into depth on each of these topics explain exactly how these factors cause
childhood obesity. I will use this in my article to explain the factors that lead to childhood
obesity.
1. Relevancy: This article supports my topic because it list some risk factor to childhood
obesity. This source is a bit redundant but it does a have different risk factors not stated in
previous sources. This article analyses specific risk factors to childhood obesity.
2. Accuracy: This article has a few unsupported claim but some of the information is reliable.
It has links to article where they the information from. The information presented is mostly
facts.
3. Currency: There is no way to judge the currency on this article. There is no publishing date
or recent update. The website does have a recent publishing date which is 2016.
4. Authority: the authority of this article is poor since there is not stated author. The website
is not a well-known site. It is copyrighted by Meredith Corporation which is a media and
marketing powerhouse.
5. Purpose: The purpose of this article was to educate people about the risk of childhood
obesity. The audience are parents which is important because they have the most influence
of their kids. The information in this article are presented clearly.
6. Rate: I rate this article a 2 out of 5. The accuracy, currency and authority are very
questionable. The purpose and relevancy are in line with my topic.

Eagle, Taylor F., et al. Understanding Childhood Obesity in America: Linkages between
Household Income, Community Resources, and Childrens Behaviors. The American
Heart Journal 163.5 (2012): 836-843. Web. 3 Mar. 2015.
Obesity can be caused by several different genetic and environmental factors. Some
researchers think that some people are genetically predisposed to be obese. Behaviors like
low physical activity, high levels of television viewing and participation in school lunch
programs can predict obesity. A child is more likely to become obese if they are from a low
income family. Children in low income families are more likely to spend more time
watching television and are less likely to eat fruits and vegetables. I will use this article to
explain in details the environmental factors that lead to childhood obesity.
1. Relevancy: This source relates to my topic because it states that there are sever genetic
and environmental factors that lead to childhood obesity. It supports my topic by saying
that some children are genetically predisposed to obesity. This source add new
information about the factors to childhood obesity.
2. Accuracy: This source does not have any bias in it. It also states studies to back up the
statistics it states. There were no personal opinions in this article.
3. Currency: this article was published in 2012 which was four years ago so it is very
current. The information in this article is up to date.
4. Authority: Taylor Eagle the main author of this article graduated from the University of
Michigan. He has published several articles about obesity, specifically childhood obesity.
He is currently a research fellow at structural biophysics. These credentials give him the
necessary authority to write this article.
5. Purpose: the purpose of this article is to inform readers of the risks of childhood obesity
so they know what to look out for and how to prevent it from happening. This article is

only presented from one point of view. The author does not seem to omit any important
information.
6. Rating: I rate this article a 5 because I feel like this article presented a lot of new
information to me. This article was also very current which can be difficult to find. The
author of this article also has great credentials for writing about childhood obesity.
Childhood Obesity: Our Children Are Literally Eating Themselves to Death ABC News 07 Oct
2003. Film
Children as young as 8 years old are being diagnosed with diaobesity, which is
obesity and diabetes. Children who have this disease are more likely to die at a younger
age and are at more risk for other diseases. Parents who are obese are more likely to have
children who are obese because they are an example to their children, they are the role
model their child looks up to. One way that parents can help their child beat obesity is to
make the lifestyle changes themselves first. Parental awareness is something all parents
need to have whether they have obese children or not so they can prevent the problem or
help overcome it. I will use this article to explain the dangers of obesity to my audience.
1. Relevancy: this source related to my topic because it states that childhood obesity can
cause very serious diseases such as diabetes. This is an important fact so the audience
know how serious childhood obesity is. This source supports my topic.
2. Accuracy: I did not detect any bias in this interview. The news caster was asking
questions that pertained to the topic without any personal opinions or comments being
said. There is a medical professional in this interview which backs up what is being said
about obesity causing diabetes.

3. Currency: This interview was published in 2003 which was more than ten years ago.
The information in this interview is still relevant because science does not change.
Obesity still causes diabetes so the information in this source is still accurate.
4. Authority: In this interview they have a guess speaker come and talk about the topic of
childhood obesity and diabetes. The guest speakers name is Ileana Vargas. She is a
pediatric endocrinologist. She works at Columbia Presbyterian. The fact that she is child
doctor that focuses on endocrine disorder, is what diabetes is, give here the credentials to
back up this article.
5. Purpose: The purpose of this article is to inform the audience about the dangers of
childhood obesity. This new cast also inflicts fear in to its audience because it state
several time that children are literally eating themselves to death. This also is meant to
catch peoples attention and it does a good job doing so.
6. Rating: I give this article a 4 out of 5 because the topic of this article does not directly fit
under my topic but it provides information will inform reader why childhood obesity is so
dangerous. The authority this article has is outstanding making this article a good source.
Han, Joan C, Debbie A Lawlor and Sue Kimm. Childhood Obesity. The Lancet 375 (2010):
1737-1748. Web. 1 Mar. 2015
Obesity is growing all over the world due to technological advances and easy access
to food, activity in daily life has decreased. Obesity can be caused by disease but more
often it is due to poor diet and lack of exercise. I will use this article to explain how
technological advances has led to childhood obesity.
1. Relevancy: This article states new information about the causes of childhood obesity.
For example it states that technological advances and easy access to food causes a
decrease in activity in daily life. This article supports my topic.

2. Accuracy: I did not detect any bias in this article. The statistics in this article were
supported with credible resources backing them up.
3. Currency: This article was published in 2010 which was only six years ago so there
might be a slight change in the data that was collected back then but overall I believe the
information is still relevant. The information is overall still statistically the same since
childhood obesity is still increasing in the United States.
4. Authority: Joan Han the author of this article is the associate professor in the
department of pediatrics at UTHSC. She is also the founding director for the Ut-Le
Bonheur pediatric obesity center. The credentials give her the authority to write this
article.
5. Purpose: The purpose of this article is to inform people about the dangers of childhood
obesity and to inform people of the causes of childhood obesity so they can try and
prevent it from happening to their kids.
6. Rating: Over all I give this article a 4 out of 5 because the information in the article is
very relevant to my topic and the authority of this article is very good. The article is not
as current as I would like it to be so thats why I did not give it the full 5 points.
Hung-Hao, ChangNavga Jr., Rodolfo M. Childhood Obesity and Unhappiness: The Influence of
Soft Drinks and Fast Food Consumption. Journal of Happiness Studies 11.3 (2010):
261-275. Web. 2 Mar. 2015.
Obesity is a growing health problem around the world. Fast food and soft drink
consumption are thought to be prevalent factors in the increase of childhood obesity. Along
with the spike of obesity is the increase of mental health problems, it is thought that obesity
causes problems with childrens wellbeing. A childs home life and personality can affect
the consumption rate of fast food and soft drinks. A recent push has been made to promote
healthy eating and nutrition to the public. Programs and policies have been put into effect

to help decrease fast food consumption. I will use this article to explain how the prevalence
of fast food restaurants as added to the problem of childhood obesity.
1. Relevancy: This article relates to my topic because it states that childhood obesity is a
growing epidemic in the United States. This article also state several different causes to
this epidemic but some of the causes are redundant to other sources I already have.
2. Accuracy: I did not detect any bias in this article. There were several creditable
references that were cited with in this article to back up what the author was saying. The
author does not mention any personal opinions in this article.
3. Currency: this article was published in 2010 which was 6 years ago. The information in
this article is still current and so it is still relevant to my topic.
4. Authority: The author of this article has published several article about health and
nutrition that are very popular and credible. He graduated from the University of
Arkansas with a degree in agriculture.
5. Purpose: the purpose of this article is to inform the public about how important nutrition
is to preventing childhood obesity. The audience is targeted at other researcher of
childhood obesity.
6. Rating: I rate this article a 4 out of 5 because the currency of this article is not as good
as I would like it to be. The purpose of this article is exactly what is was looking for
when I was researching this topic.