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The University of New Hampshire Department of Music

presents
A Senior Recital
Emily Clark, clarinet
Assisted by Paul Merrill
5:00 pm
Bratton Recital Hall
Sunday, November 22, 2015
Paul Creative Arts Center
Program
Sonata Op. 120, No. 2 in Eb Major
Johannes Brahms
Allegro Amabile
(1833-1897)
Appassionato, ma non troppa Allegro
Andante con moto
Allegro non troppo
Intermission
Fantasy, Op. 87
Malcolm Arnold
(1921-2006)
Solo de Concours
Henri Rabaud
Moderato
(1873-1949)
Largo
Allegro
Duet No. 1
Ludwig van Beethoven
from Three Duets for Flute and Clarinet, WoO2
(1770-1827)
Transcribed by Albelardo
Albisi and Albert J. Andraud
Allegro commodo
Larghetto sostenuto
Rondo: Allegretto
With Alexandria Tichy, flute
Flight of the Bumblebee
Nikolai Rimsky-Korsakov
From the Opera, The Legend of Tsar Saltan
(1844-1908)

With Taylor Blankenship, piano


*********
Ms. Emily Clark is a candidate for a Bachelor of Music degree in Music Education and
a student of Dr. Elizabeth Gunlogson.
Smoking is prohibited at all times. Eating and drinking are not allowed in the recital
hall. Please refrain from the use of photographic and recording equipment during
the performance as it is distracting to the performer(s) and audience alike. Please
turn off all cell phones. You are invited to a reception in room M128 immediately
following the performance.

Sir Malcolm Henry Arnold was born on October 21, 1921 in Northampton, England
as the youngest of five children. Inspired by Louis Armstrong, Arnold took up the
trumpet at the age of 12 after listening to Louis Armstrong perform a concert.
Arnolds love of music was fostered. In 1941 he joined the London Philharmonic
Orchestra as second trumpet and was soon promoted to principal trumpet in 1943.
Arnold took a break from the Philharmonic when he chose to join the army band in
1944 in memory of his brother who was killed in action while serving in the Royal Air
Force. However, Arnold hated the army and shot himself in the foot in order to
expedite his return to civilian life and his musical career at home. He started
focusing on composition and soon became a well-established composer during his
lifetime. He is best known for his nine symphonies and his film scores, to include
scores for the movies Bridge on River Kwai, and Hobsons Choice. Arnold died on
September 23, 2006, the night of the premiere of his ballet, The Three Musketeers
at the Bradford Alhambra. His music is still honored today and his legacy continues
through his music and the Malcolm Arnold Academy which opened in 2010 in
Northampton, England, following the closure of Unity College. There is also an
annual music festival in October dedicated to Malcolm Arnold, held in his hometown
of Northampton. In 1965 Arnold was commissioned by the city of Birmingham
Symphony Orchestra to compose five solo wind fantasies for the Birmingham
International Wind Competition. Fantasy for Clarinet Op. 87 was one of the five
fantasies composed and was premiered in May 1966 by clarinetist, Aurelian Octav
Popa, who won the competition.
Ludwig Van Beethoven baptized December 17, 1770 in Bonn, Germany played a
significant role as a transitionary figure between the Classical and Romantic Periods.
Beethoven showed signs of musical talent at an early age; at the age of seven he
gave his first public performance on piano at Cologne and at the age of 12 he
published his first work, 9 Variations in C minor for Piano. Beethoven studied organ
and keyboard with Christian Gottlob Neefo, who is quoted to have called him the
next Mozart because of his extraordinary talent. Later on he traveled to Vienna to
study under Joseph Haydn. Beethoven tragically began to lose his hearing starting
in 1796 at the age of 26, and he became almost completely deaf by his death at the
age of 57. This had a profound emotional impact on Beethoven, some of which he
expressed in his famous, Heiligenstadt Testament, a letter to his brothers that
expressed his thoughts of suicide over his loss of hearing. However, Beethoven
persevered through his illness, and although he stopped performing, he continued
composing and some of his greatest works were produced right before his death on
March 26, 1827.Beethovens compositional career is usually divided into three
periods, early, middle, and late. Beethovens Three Duets for Flute and Clarinet
WoO27 was originally written for clarinet and bassoon was probably composed
during Beethovens early period because of its strong influence from the Classical
Period. The first movement, Allegro Commodo is written in rounded binary form, the
second movement, Larghetto Sostenuto is a shorter slow movement meant to break
up the duet before the final movement, Rondo.

Johannes Brahms was born on May 7, 1833 in Hamburg, Germany. He is known as


one of the greatest composers of the nineteenth century and a leading composer of
the Romantic Period. He was musically gifted at an early age and started playing
piano at the age of seven. In 1853 he was introduced to Robert Schumann (18101856) whom he became good friends with. Schumann was already well established
as a German composer, and he was very impressed with Brahms, calling him a
genius and young eagle who gave hope to the future of music. Such praise
boosted Brahms career. Brahms moved to Vienna where he spent the rest of his
life. He directed the Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra for three seasons. Brahms was
ready to retire from composition but in 1891 he took a trip to Meiningen, Austria
where he heard the famous clarinetist Richard Mhlfied (1856-1907) perform
Webers Concerto No. 1. This inspired Brahms to write a series of works for clarinet
to include, a trio, a quintet, and two sonatas. Sonatas No. 1 and 2 were written as a
pair of works in 1894 and dedicated to Richard Mhlfield. Sonata No. 2 in E flat
major is really a duet between piano and clarinet as both parts are equally
challenging.
Henri Rabaud (10 Nov. 1873-11 Sep. 1949) was a French composer and conductor.
He came from a distinguished musical background; his dad was a cellist and his
mother was a singer. He studied in the Paris Conservatoire under Andre Gdalge
and Jules Massenet. He was a conservative composer and an active conductor. He
held several important director positions to include being the director of the Boston
Symphony Orchestra for one season in 1918 before returning back to France to work
at the Conservatoire. In 1922 he succeeded Faure as director of the Conservatoire.
He composed chamber music, operas, film scores, and incidental music. One of his
best known operas is the Opra-Comique entitled Mrouf, Savetier du Caire (cobbler
of Cairo). This opera won the Premier Grand Prix de Rome in 1894 for his use of
combining the Wagnerian opera tradition with the exotic. Solo de Concours is a
virtuosic competition piece that Rabaud composed in 1910 for his students at the
Conservatoire. It is known for its fast passages and show of technique. Rabaud
stayed at the Conservatoire until retirement and was known for his mantra,
modernism is the enemy.