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Concrete Ties £ 4 P= 12 KIPS (53.3 kN) ! ' survorr ro oe searen iy ‘—T—, INDROCAL, HYDROSTONE. OR OTHER MATERIAL. APPROVED |g ’ BY Tie ENGIVERR Figure 30-4-11. Insert Pullout Test not less than 8 minutes. Ability of the insert to resist this torque without rotation, eracking of the concrete, or permanent deformation shall constitute passage of this test. 4.1.10 Fastening Uplift Test a, b, An 18 to 20 inches (460 mm - 510 mm) piece of the proper section of rail shall be secured to one rail seat using a complete rail fastening assembly, including pads, bolts, clips and associated hardware, as recommended by the manufacturer of the rail fastening system. In accordance with the loading diagram in Figure 30-4-12, an incremental load shalll be applied to the rail. The load P (measured load plus unsupported tie weight plus frame weight) at, which separation of the rail from pad or pad from rail seat occurs (Whichever oecurs first) shall be recorded." ‘The load shall then be completely released. A load of 1.5P not to exceed 10 kips (44.5 kN) shall then be applied. The inserts shall not pull out or loosen in the concrete and no component of fastening system shall fracture nor shall the rail be released 4,9.1.11 Fastening Repeated-Load Test An 18 to 20 inches (460 mm - 510 mm) section of new rail from which loose mill scale has been removed by wiping with a cloth shall be secured to the rail seat in the block using a complete rail fastening assembly. In accordance with the loading diagram in Figure 30-4-12 determine the load P that will just. cause separation of the rail from the rail seat pad or the pad from the rail seat whichever occurs first.” ‘This load may be determined during the Fastening Uplift ‘Test described in Article 4.9.1.10 in which case anew set of fastening clips shall be used for the repeated load tost. An 18 to 20 inches (460 mm - 510 mm) seetion of new rail from which loose mill seale has been removed by wiping with a cloth shall be secured to the rail seat in the tie block using a complete rail fastening assembly. In accordance with the loading diagram in Figure 30-4-13, alternating downward and upward loads shall be applied at an angle of 20 degrees to the vertical axis of the rail at a rate not exceed 300 2 =p" shall not exceed 10 kips (44.5 KN), 30-4-34 AREMA Manual for Railway Engineering Concrete Tie & towoano nan. B54 mm Tis mm) SUPPORT To oe seareo in 1, HIDROSTONE OR OTHER Maria APPROVED BY THE Lonbine.rRams surroRr OPPOSTTEEND ontie ELEVATION RU ‘BLOCKING TO PROVIDE ‘TNTFORM BEARING ONDER RAIL BASE END VIEW Figure 30-4-12, Fastener Uplift Test AREMA Manual for Railway Engineering 30-435 Concrete Ties —— 46 FoR DOUBLE ACTING HYDRAULIC RAM J a0 xrrs 11334) ror pounte ACHING HYDRAULIC RAM. J soars +06 P1033 kN + 0627) FOR SINGLE ACTING HYDRAULIC RAM AND SPRING NESTS GAGE SIDE OF Rant 03” EACH SIDE Fon SPuING NESTS {THE BLOCK SECURELY FASTENED TO SUPPORT ‘M = FOR DETERMINATION OF P SEE ARTICLE 4.9.1.11a Figure 30-4-13. Fastening Repeated Load Test cles per minute for 3 million cycles, The rail shall be free to rotate under the applied loads. One eycle shall consist of both a downward and an upward load. The magnitude of the upward load shall be 0.6P where P is the load determined in paragraph a. If springs are used to generate the upward load the downward load shall be 80 kips (133.5 kN) plus 0.6P Ifa double-acting hydraulic ram is used to generate both the upward and the downward load, the downward load shall be 30 kips (193.5 kN). ©. ‘This repeated load test may generate heat in elastomeric rail seat pads. Heat build-up in such pads must, not be allowed to exceed 140 degrees F (71 degrees C). Heat build-up can be controlled by reducing the rate of load application or by providing periods of rest to allow cooling of the pad to take place. d._ Rupture failure of any component of the fastening system shall constitute failure of this test. e. For this test, retorquing of threaded elements subsequent to the completion of 500,000 eyeles of load shall not be permitted without the written approval of the engineer. 30-436 AREMA Manual for Railway Engineering