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EDUCATION IN

FRANCE
B Y. J O S E P H C O M A R E L L A A N D A A L I YA H
M C G R AW

INTASC STANDARD #2: LEARNING
DIFFERENCES
• Brief Description: This project is about education in a culture outside of the United
States. It begins with basic information about the country, France, and advances to a
more in depth comparison between school systems.
• Rationale: To document my understanding of InTASC Standard 2, Learning
Differences, I have selected to include a PowerPoint presentation and short speech
because it is an effective way for me to present the information that I have learned to
my colleagues. By conducting research on the education system of another country,
it aids in not only learning differences, but in future job opportunities. It is important
to know what the school system is like in other countries because you may teach or
have a student from there. By researching, learning, and presenting, you are able to
be sensitive to every students’ needs as well as remain well informed in the field.

COUNTRY
Geography:
• Land- 640,427 sq.
kilometers
• Water- 3,374 sq.
kilometers
• Climate- Cool winters,
mild summers
• Natural ResourcesCoal, iron, fish, gold
deposits, clay
• Natural hazardsFloods, avalanches,
hurricanes, volcano
eruptions
• Located in Europe

Government:
• Conventional Long
Form- French Republic
• Conventional Short
Form- France
• Government TypeRepublic
• Capital- Paris
• French ConstitutionOctober 4, 1958
• Executive Branch
-Chief of StatePresident
Francis
Hollande (May 15, 2012)
-Head of GovernmentPrime Minister Valls (April
1, 2014)
(president can be elected

The People:
• NationalityFrenchmen/man,
Frenchwomen/wo
man (adjectiveFrench)
• Language: French

COUNTRY’S FLAG (“THE TRICOLORE”)
• Adopted February 15, 1794
(2:3 ratio)
• Established as the France flag
after French Revolution of
1789
• Colors represent liberty,
equality, and fraternity
• White- The clergy
• Red- The nobility
• Blue- Bourgeoisie

CURRENCY
• Currency Name- European
Union Euro
• Subcurrency- Cent
• Division- 1 Euro= 100 Cent
• Symbol- €
• Currency Codes- Alpha: EUR,
Numeric: 978
• Denominations
-banknotes: 5, 20, 50, 100,
200, 500 (Euro)
-coinage: 1, 2 (Euro); 1, 2, 5,
10, 20, 50 (Cents)

ENTERTAINMENT
• Sports- Football (American
soccer), Cycling, basketball,
handball
• Festivals- Festival of the Pig,
Mardi Gras Festival, Cannes
Film Festival
• Museums: Musee du Louvre,
Musee d’Orsay, Aquarium La
Rochelle
• Tours: Eiffel Tower, Cathedral
Notre-Dame ole Reins, Loire
Valley, Disneyland Park Paris
• Music: Bagpipes, accordion,
classical, modern, jazz

RELIGION
• Predominantly Roman
Catholic- 80%
• Muslim- 10%
• Protestants- 2%
• Jews and Buddhists- 1% each
• No Religion- 4%
• Other religious groups
throughout France include
Christians and Mormons

POPULATION
• Population: 66, 259, 012
(Metropolitan France and
5 oversea regions); 62,
814, 233 (Just
Metropolitan France)
• Growth Rate: 0.45%
• Life Expectancy: Male- 78
yrs., Female- 84 yrs.
• Birth Rate: 12.49
• Death Rate: 9.06

Age Structure




0-14: 18.7%
15-24: 11.9%
25-54: 38.6%
55-64: 12.5%
65 and older: 17.9%

EDUCATION
Structure
Timetable
• Primary
• Dates: Mid-SeptemberLength: 5 yrs.
Late June/Early July
Ages: 6-11 years old • Days: Mon-Fri
Cost
• No cost of schooling,
(sometimes excluding
• Upper Secondary
Wednesdays)
but parents must pay
• Hours: 8:30am-16:30pm
Length: 3 yrs.
for insurance to cover
Ages:11-15 years old (4:00pm)
risks at school or at
Grading System
school outings
• Numerical Scale from 0• Vocational
Curriculum
20
Length: 3 years
• 20 is the highest grade • Created by the French
Ages: 15-18 years old
Ministry of National
• 16 and above are
Education, Youth and
average
• Professional
Community
• 10 is minimum passing
Length: 2 years
• First is foreign languages
grade
Ages: 17-19 years old
and math
• Below a 9 is failing
• Followed by history,

ETC…

• National Anthem: La
Marseillaise (The Song of
Marseillaise) by Claude Joseph
Rouget de Lisle
• National Bird: Rooster
• National Flower: Fleur de Lis
(yellow iris)
• National Day: July 14th
• Transportation: Plane, auto,
subway, bus

• Emergency Numbers
-Police Department:
17
-Fire Department: 18
-Ambulance: 15
-Operator: 13
• Unemployment:
10.2%
• Inflation Rate: 2%
• Total Trade: $2.276
trillion




Workweek
Mon-Fri, Sat-Sun: CLOSED
Offices: 8:00, 9:00am-12:30pm and 2:00pm6:00pm
Banks: Mon-Fri 9:00am-4:00pm, Holidays and
Sundays: CLOSED
Government: Mon-Fri 9:00am-12:00pm and
2:00pm-6:00pm, Sat-Sun: CLOSED

RESPONSIBILITIES OF PUBLIC
EDUCATION
• Provide a versatile education (Professeur des écoles n.d.)
• Language, math, and science
• https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=FFrb-0PQrAE
• Personalization, active engagement, and application in authentic settings
(Rogers, Bertrand, & Perez, 2012)

FRENCH INFLUENCE ON AMERICAN
EDUCATION
• 19th Century “New Education”
• Influence of Emile Durkhiem
• “French influence was inspirational, philosophical, and concerned the
importance of ideas in a cultural-political context (Paulston 1968).”
• Not much American influence

TEACHING LICENSURE: COMPARE &
CONTRAST
• Similar to United States
• Must hold a master’s degree
• Professeurs certifies hold CAPES (Secondary Education License)
• Professeurs des ecoles (primary education) pass a competitive exam

CAREER CHOICES OUTSIDE OF THE
CLASSROOM
• Teaching English abroad
• ESL
• Administrative work
• Opportunities in France

REFERENCES:

• Global Road Warrior. "France: Demographic Summary." Retrieved April 21,
2016, from
www.globalroadwarrior.com.indianapolis.libproxy.ivytech.edu/#mode=co
untry&regionId=52&uri=country-content&nid=1.03&key=demographic-summa
ry
• http://www.worldatlas.com/webimage/flags/countrys/europe/france.htm
• Top Attractions, Things To Do In France. (n.d.). Retrieved April 18, 2016,
from http://opentravel.com/Things-To-Do-In-France-Attractions
• Global Road Warrior. "France: Government Leaders." Retrieved April 21,
2016, from
www.globalroadwarrior.com.indianapolis.libproxy.ivytech.edu/#mode=cou
ntry&regionId=52&uri=country-content&nid=1.08&key=government-leaders
• Global Road Warrior. "France: Religion." Retrieved April 22, 2016, from
www.globalroadwarrior.com.indianapolis.libproxy.ivytech.edu/#
mode=country&regionId=52&uri=country-content&nid=20.28&key=country-r
el-religion

REFERENCE (CONT.):
• Professeur des écoles. (n.d.). Retrieved April 26, 2016, from
http://www.education.gouv.fr/cid1052/professeur-des-ecoles.html
• Paulston, R. G. (1968). French Influence in American Institutions of Higher
Learning, 1784-1825. History of Education Quarterly, 8(2), 229.
doi:10.2307/367354
• Rogers, J., Bertrand, M., & Perez, W. (2012). Finding Common Ground in
Education Values: Influential Californians Speak on the Purpose of Public
Education. Retrieved April 26, 2016.