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Balinado

Evaluation of the Positive
and Negative Effects of
the Industrial Revolution
Brandon Balinado

Modern World History-P, Period 5
Mr. Hawkins
5 November 2013

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The Industrial Revolution brought along many positive and negative effects
towards life. This Industrial Revolution began around the 1820’s through the 1840’s. It
caused a huge population explosion and increased the demand for more goods. This led
for the need to make more products and create factories. An interesting question to ask is
which areas were affected the most by the Industrial Revolution. In order to best evaluate
both the positive and negative effects of the Industrial Revolution it is best to look into
the following important areas: child labor, technological advances, living conditions, and
working conditions.
The Industrial Revolution brought along a lot of negative effects towards child
labor in the factories when it first began around in the 1820’s. One example of a negative
effect towards child labor is that children had to begin working in factories and mills as
early of the age of ten. These work days lasted as long as sixteen hours a day in which
case they only had a break to eat at noon for only about forty minutes. The children were
also often beaten or strapped if off task or not obeying their employers (Document 1 &
10). These factories often overworked them, allowed them to have insufficient diets, and
exposure to lots of dust. Kids were even dying while operating and cleaning machinery.
Their deaths resulted from getting caught in the machinery while they were uncovered
(Document 14). Since there were no ways to prevent or stop infections all these children
would eventually die. All these events lead one to believe that no child labor laws were
established and that the children’s working conditions were very poor. Although the
Industrial revolution brought along all these negative effects towards child labor when it
first began, it gradually started to bring many positive effects towards child labor.

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The Revolution started to exponentially get better for child labor around the late
1700’s and the early 1800’s. A traveler by the name of Andrew Ure visited Manchester
one day and saw that the children were “taking pleasure in the light play of their
muscles.” This quote suggests that the kids were not exhausted from their work in the
factories and were actually very energetic for just getting out of work. He also believed
“that children would thrive better when employed in our modern factories, than if left at
home in apartments too often ill-aired, damp, and cold.” This statement shows that
Andrew believed that the children’s working condition s in the factories were much better
than in their own clustered and poor tenements. He also claimed to never have saw a
beating of a child his whole entire time in Manchester. This might infer that possibly
Manchester had better working conditions towards child labor than other cities and
factories (Document 3). Another positive effect for child labor was Mr. Dale’s factories.
The village where his factory is operating has 1500 inhabitants and out of those 1500
people are 500 children who he hires, feeds properly, clothes, and are educated by him.
All the other unemployed children get paid weekly allowances from their parents for
helping around their houses. He claims that the “healthy appearance of these children has
frequently attracted the attention of the traveler.” This could possibly mean that more
people would immigrate into this village because of the excellent child labor working
conditions. Another major advancement was that out of the 3000 children he has
employed at his factories and mills, only fourteen have died. An inference can be made
from this showing that children were now able to live longer and that death rates could’ve
possibly decreased due to all these positive effects of the Industrial Revolution. All of
these effects have shown the advances made for child labor because of the Industrial

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Revolution. Not only did it affect child labor, it affected the advancement of technology.
(Document 6 & 15).
The Industrial Revolution also brought along many technological advantages with
itself which lead to some positive effects for many factories. One of the major
advancements in the field of technology was the introduction of electricity. This was now
used in most of the factories for creating more products more efficiently and better
quality. The electricity ran through wiring to power the machines and was also used as a
supply for lighting up the factories (Document 4). Due to all of these new technological
advances being introduced, it led to a higher demand for goods and more products. This
brought new comforts and necessities to even more people that were not around since
about two to three centuries before 1831. It also introduced cheaper and faster, about
twice as fast as walking, travel. This displays that natural resources were now more
commonly available to most people and that travel was now more widely used instead of
walking in order to transport goods (Document 5). An example of this method of
transportation was the automobile. This was created by a man named Henry Ford. He
built it using an internal combustion engine which allowed this method of faster and more
efficient transportation. This also leads one to believe the cars might have been the most
efficient way of travel (Document 12). Machines were often most popular in both the mill
industries and the textile industries. In the textile factories mostly women workers were
used to operate the machinery. The women used sewing machines run by electricity I
order to sew textiles together in order to create clothing. This was extremely efficient
because it created an assembly line in which there was faster work since each women
worker had received their very own sewing machine in order to complete making their

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own clothing. All this work could have led the workers to have earned greater wages.
(Document 9). An excellent example of a country that excelled in their technological
advances was Great Britain. Their technology was so great that that were able to produce
over 9,000,000 tons of iron in the time period of 1740 until 1900. This shows that Great
Britain had an excellent amount of natural resources needed in order to produce this
massive amount of iron made. This amount of technology called for a great need of
factories that were needed in order to make all that iron. The iron production rate grew
exponentially over these 160 years (Document 13). Even though the Industrial
Revolution brought along a lot of technological advances which created positive effects,
it also brought many negative effects.
The Industrial Revolution brought along many negative affects created by the
advancement of technology. One problem created was that since the machines increased
the demand for greater goods, it had caused the workers to work longer shifts and with
less time to take breaks (Document 4). Another negative trait of these technological
advances was that factories were so huge now that it had begun to affect the environment
around it. It caused plant and tree life to begin to die off because of all the waste
surrounding the factories. They built the factories near the water which was used to
power some of the machinery. Though the water powered the machinery, the factory was
also pollution the water with excess waste. Factories had also developed new smoke
stacks in the 1880’s which allowed for smoke to reach higher altitudes. This caused even
more pollution to be in the air and damage people’s health (Document 7). This is how the
technological advances created by the Industrial Revolution brought many negative
effects for many people.

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The Industrial Revolution created many negative effects for working conditions of
the majority of people. First of all, workers were severely overworked, had short brake
times, and worked extremely long hours (Document 1). Factories also required a number
of workers in order to operate all the machinery because it needed more than role in order
to work properly (Document 7). The majority of the workers in the factories were often
women since they adapted to the machinery much quicker than the men did. This caused
for harder conditions of being a women since they could not care for the household and
their own family business. Also, the majority of the workers were treated as slaves since
they were beaten and commanded to do what their bosses or factory owners said for them
to do (Document 9 & 10). Machines also endangered the lives of these workers many
times throughout the work day. Several reports have shown that workers have gotten
limbs caught in these machines and ripped out. This lead to infections and, since there
was no way to cure these infections, death. Even though the Industrial Revolution
brought some negative aspects to the working conditions, it also brought many benefits.
The Industrial Revolution brought along many benefits towards positive working
conditions. For example, areas in Manchester provided realty nice and favorable working
conditions (Document 3). Areas like this provided workers with proper uniforms, such as
jumpsuits, to protect their clothes from getting dirty or damaged. They were also dressed
in proper clothes underneath these jumpsuits which could lead one to believe that these
workers were either paid well or given clothes as payment (Document 4). So after all of
these positive effects and benefits from the Industrial Revolution towards the area of
working conditions, the next area to receive effects from the Industrial Revolution is
living conditions.

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The Industrial Revolution finally brought the last and greatest effects on the living
conditions of everyone who either worked in factories, or was living near certain
factories. With the Industrial Revolution bringing up the new idea of capitalism, it was
viewed harshly upon by the majority of people. The idea of capitalism in fact provided a
huge help to the living conditions of the people. In fact, capitalism was actually creating a
lot more of the greatest material comforts they could possibly get at the time (Document
2). Capitalism began to bring new materialistic comforts every day of someone’s life.
This provided people and their families with better built houses, a cheaper variety of
clothing, and practically an infinite amount of domestic utensils (Document 5). Living
conditions especially improved in the town of Hyde. There lived only 800 people and no
food were able to be grown on the barren soil there. The Ashton brother came in and
basically brought the entire city back on its own feet. They built their own houses to let
their employees rent them out for only seventy-five cents per week. They also made sure
that the houses were kept up to be clean and make the employees feel as comfortable as
they could be. This begins to bring more people to the city of Hyde, making it a better
city to live in. This displayed that the brothers cared about the living conditions of their
employees and how their houses should be kept clean (Document 8). The Industrial
Revolution did not only bring positive effects on the living conditions of people, it also
brought negative effects.
The Industrial Revolution brought along many negative effects on the living
conditions of people. Since factories were so huge and gave off a ton of pollution, it
affected the people’s health that was living by the factories. It also could ruin their land
due to waste being deposited onto their property (Document 7). The Industrial Revolution

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also created an abundance of slum areas of living. This was a small group of houses that
were tenements and consisted of one to two story houses packed tightly close together.
The cellars underneath the houses were also used as housing even they were horrible. The
streets in the slums were covered with tons of garbage, potholes, were filthy, and even
unpaved sometimes. Filth and garbage were also in front of the doors of the houses. This
shows that the slums were horrible housing arrangements created by the Industrial
Revolution (Document 11). These were all the negative effect of the Industrial Revolution
towards the living conditions of people.
In conclusion, the Industrial Revolution brought both many positive and negative
effects in the areas of, child labor, technological advances, working conditions, and living
conditions. The Industrial Revolution came out in the end to contain more positive effects
than negative. This shows that the Industrial revolution was actually a great blessing to
society instead of being a curse to society.