]pkvXIw c≠v e°w 88 2008 sabv 9 (1183 taSw 26

)

D≈S°w
Ih¿ tÃmdn
Acmjv{Sob tIcfw
sIm√v B \mb-sb, Ah-s\mcp cmjv{So-b-°m-c-\mWv
F≥ kpK-X≥

Acm-j{v Sob tIc-fØ
- ns‚ kmaq-lym-Sn-Ød
bp Iem-\mY≥

aXw \n¿Ωn-°p-∂s- X¥v?
Un B¿ Pb-tZ-h≥

Fgp-]X
- p-Is- f-°p-dn®v Hcp I
- p-dn∏v
]n kptc{μ≥
Im¿´q¨ ˛ cmPn

16
18
23
26
11

hni-Ie
- \w
tIm¨{Kkv ImØn-cn-°p∂ ]´m-`n-tjIw
cmjv{Sob teJ-I≥

cmlp¬ F∂ ap°p-]≠w
cmjv{Sob teJ-I≥

{]W_v Zm ZØp-]p-{X-\m-Iptam?
cmjv{Sob teJ-I≥

]Wn-ap-S°n\p tijw

7
12
14
50

hn ]n hmkp-tZ-h≥
amt\-PnMv FUn-‰¿
s{]m^. F≥ kp-K-X≥
FUn-‰¿
Pn i‡n-[-c≥
Nn{Xo-I-cWw
N≥kv
P\-i‡n hmcnI
Sn kn. 28/2070
t^m¿´v sslkvIq-fn\v
FXn¿hiw, t^m¿´v
Xncp-h-\-¥-]pcw 695 023

{]Xn-Ic- Ww
IrjvW-lmkyw ˛ IS-Ω-\n´ Ihn-X-I-fn¬ 58 tUm ]n B¿ cmL-h≥
kmt¶-XnIimkv{Xw

tIcf tªmKv A°m-Zan 43 A≥k¿ XmPv
t\mh¬
tKmep-hns‚ tdUntbm 51
Fw sI Jcow
]d-bmsX hnSp∂Xv
Cc-Iƒ Fgp-Xp∂p 30 tUm. Fw sI NmμvcmPv/lcn-Zm-k≥
IY

ssZh-Øn\v th≠Xv 35 F≥ {]`m-I-c≥
hoXv 40 sI kn them-bp-[≥
IhnX

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G Sakthidharan
at Pournami Media Publishers Pvt Ltd.
Ambalathara, Thiruvananthapuram.
Tel: 0471 6450625, 2468133
Fax: 0471-4019777
e-mail: janashakthi@gmail.com
www.janashakthionline.com

2008 sabv 9

Kk¬°mew 38 km_p-j-◊pJw
apf-bpsS s\©v s]m´p-tºmƒ 39 AK-Ãn≥ Ip´-s\-√q¿
IS-∏mSv 39 ]Zva-Zmkv
]w‡n-Iƒ
{]Xn-kzcw 28 laoZv tN∂-aw-Ke
- q¿

sh≈n-sh-fn®w 44 tPmkn tPmk^v
Aev]-kzev]w 46 kn B¿ Hma-\-°p-´≥
ImgvNb
- °
v ∏
- pdw 56 A\n¬ h≈n-t°mSv

3

Iznkv

tPm°v

tIm¨{K-kns‚ t\Xr-Xz-Øn¬ Imbn-I-Xm-c-ßsf kwLSn-∏n-°p-∂-Xns‚ DZvLm-S\w CubnsS tIc-f-Øn¬ \S-∂p.
apJy-Im-bn-Ihn-t\m-Z-ambn tIm¨{Kkv \n¿t±-in-°m-\n-Sbp≈ C\w GXmWv?

B\p-Im-enIkw`-h-ßsf
ap≥\n¿Øn IuXp- I - I c- a mb
tNmZy- ß ƒ°v hmb- \ - ° m- c n¬
\n∂v DØcw tXSp- ∂ p. hmb- \ °m- c n¬\n∂v e`n- ° p∂ icn- b pØcw Cu ]w‡n- b n¬ {]kn≤o- I - c n- ° pw. icn- b p- Ø - c - Ø n\v
P\- i - ‡ n- b psS 10 e°- ß ƒ
{]Xn- ^ - e - a mbn \¬Ip- ∂ - X m- W v .
H∂n- e - [ nIw icn- b p- Ø cw e`n®m¬ kΩm- \ m¿lsc \dp- s °Sp-∏n-eqsS \n›-bn-°pw.

e°w 82 se tNmZy-Øn\v DØcw
_nt\mbv hnizw

hnPbn
Fw kn taml-\≥
"IrjvW-Kncn'
IS-h{¥
Fd-Wm-Ipfw-

Ihn-XI
- ƒ \∂m-IWw.

]utcm-lnXy Po¿Æ-Xb
- psS t\¿°mgvN
{InÃym-\n‰n F{X-tØmfw hmWn-Py-he
- v°c
- n-°s
- ∏-´n-cn°p∂p F∂ bmYm¿∞yw \¿Ω`m-h\
- b
- n-eqsS Ah-Xc
- n-∏n°p-Ib
- mWv "hnIm-cn-b®
- \pw ]n®-\h
- d- mbpw' F∂ IY-bn¬
amXyp {]m¬. (P\-i-‡n-˛-hn-jp-∏-Xn∏v) "ssZh-h-N-\-Øn¬
ambw tN¿Øv I®-hSw sNøp∂ At\-Ic
- p≠v' (2 tImdn 2/
17) F∂ ]utem-kns‚ ap∂-dn-bn∏v `oI-cc- q]w ]q≠v Zcn-{Z¿°v
kZvhm¿Ø-bm-tI≠ k`sb ka-kX
v c- w-Kß
- f
- nepw {Kkn-®ncn-°p-Ib
- m-W.v ]g-b\
- n-ba- I
- m-esØ AXn-ew-Ln-°p∂ ]utcmln-Xy-Øns‚ Po¿ÆX AXns‚ ]c-a-Im-jvT-bn-seØn
\n¬°p-∂p. GXp ]n®-\h
- d- m-tbbpw sh≈w Xfn®v kv\m\s∏-SpØn Ah-s\-s°m≠v [ym\-tI-{μ-ßfn¬ km£yw ]dbn-°pw. "R߃°n-bmsf sIm≠v Bh-iy-ap≠v' F∂v ]n®\-h-dmbv°p sImSp-t°≠ adp-]Sn tbip-hs‚ Pdp-ktew
bm{X°v Igp-Xsb Agn-°p-tºmƒ ]d-bp∂ adp-]-Sn-bm-Wv.
sagvkn-Ukv s_≥kpw AXn¬ \n∂n-dß
- nb kyq´v [mcn-Ifpw
C∂sØ {Inkv‰ym\n-‰n-bpsS kº¬k-ar-≤n-bpsS {]Xo-Iß-fm-Wv. Imen-sØm-gp-Øn¬ P\n®v Im¬h-cn-bn¬ sIm√s∏-´h
- s‚ ]n≥Xp-S¿®-°m-sc∂v Ah-Im-is- ∏-Sp-∂h
- ¿ Hcp alm{]-ÿm-\sØ F{X Iui-e-]q¿Δw tamjvSm-°-fpsS Kplbm°nØo¿°p∂p
^mZ¿ tPmk^v sIm®p-Xmgw
Nnß-h\w

2008 sabv 9

P\i-‡n-tbmfw ]pXnb Ihn-X-Isf t{]m’m-ln-∏n°p∂h¿ Ipd-hm-bn-cn-°pw. ]pXnb cN-\I
- ƒ Is≠-Øm\pw
Ahsc hf¿Øn-s°m-≠p-hc- m\pw P\-i‡n \S-Øp∂ {iaßsf A`n-\-μn-°p-∂p. AtX-k-abw ]pXnb cN-\-Isf∂
t]cn¬ Nne Nh-dp-Iƒ Ihn-Xm-t]-Pn¬ h∂p IqSp-∂Xv {i≤n°m-Xn-cp-∂p-Iq-Sm. sXc-s™-Sp-°p-tºmƒ Ipd-®p-IqSn {i≤
]pe¿Ø-Ws- a-∂v A`y¿∞n-°p-∂p. t\mh-ep-Iƒ c≠pw anI®
\ne-hmcw ]pe¿Øp-∂p-≠.v kmt¶-Xn-Ii
- mkv{Xw hn⁄m-\{]-Za- mb Adn-hp-Iƒ ]I¿∂p \¬Ip-∂p. cmjv{So-b˛km-aq-lnI
cwKsØ XpSn-∏p-Iƒs°m∏w CXc taJ-eI
- ƒ
- °pw P\-i‡n
A¿l-amb {]m[m\yw sImSp-°p-∂X
- n¬ AXn-bmb kt¥mj-ap-≠.v
_n_n≥ cmPv, sXmSp-]pg
Bim-hlamb cN\
kmln-Xy-Øn\v {]m[m\yw \¬In P\-i‡n ]pd-Øn-d°nb hnjp-∏X
- n∏v at\m-lc- a- mb hmb-\m-\p-`h
- a- m-bn. IYbpw
Ihn-XI
- fpw hc-Ifpw lrZy-am-bn. cmPn-bpsS Im¿´q-Wp-Iƒ
Bi-bK
- mw-`o-cy-apƒs°m-≈p-∂h
- b
- m-W.v \nc-h[n ]pXnb FgpØpIm-scbpw hnjp-]X
- n-∏n-eqsS P\-i‡
- n°v Is≠-Øm-\mbn. Xe-ti-cn-bnse kvIqƒ hnZym¿∞n-\n-bpsS IhnX "hoc]p{Xm Cd-ßn-hcq' cN-\-bpsS anSp°p sIm≠-√, Xe-ti-cnbn¬ \n∂p≈ kvIqƒ hnZym¿∞n-\n-bpsS cmjv{Sob cN\
F∂ \ne-b°
v mWv {]k-‡a- m-Ip-∂X
- .v Ipcp-∂p-`m-h\
- I
- f
- n¬
P\-]£
- \
- n-e]
- m-Sp-Iƒ hf-cp∂p F∂Xv Bim-hlw Xs∂.
cmtP{μ{]km-Z,v DSp-º≥tNme

4

A®-S°
- \
- S- ]
- Sn c≠p kao-]\w
kn ]n sF FΩns‚ sIm√w Pn√m-°-Ωn‰n AwKhpw
sIm√w tIm¿]-td-j≥ acm-aØv Ãm‚nwKv IΩn‰n AwK-hpamb kn cm[m-Ir-jvWs\ At\z-jW
- h
- n-t[-ba- mbn ]m¿´nbn¬ \n∂v kkvs]‚ v sNbvXn-cn-°p-∂p. Imc-Ww, cm[m-IrjvWs‚ aIs\ Imdn¬ kv]ncn‰v IS-Øp-tºmƒ t]meokv
]nSn-Iq-Sn-. sX°≥tI-cf
- Ø
- n¬ ASp-ØnsS kv]ncn‰v I®-hS- Øns‚ t]cn¬ ]e ]m¿´n t\Xm-°fpw kwi-bØ
- ns‚ \ngen-em-bn-cp-∂p. taJ-e-bnse ]m¿´n°v Gsd Ah-a-Xn∏v
C°mcyw D≠m-°n-sh-®n-cp-∂p F∂Xpw hmkvXh
- w. cm[m-IrjvW-s\bpw aI-s\bpw ]m¿´n-bn¬ \n∂v kkvs]‚ v
sNbvXXv. kzmK-Xm¿l-amb \S-]S- n.
cm[m-Ir-jW
v s‚ aI\v kw`-hØ
- n-ep≈ _‘w hy‡w.
F∂m¬ cm[m-Ir-jW
v \v kw`-hp-ambn GsX-¶nepw Xc-Øn¬
_‘-ap-s≠∂v t]men-knt\m ]m¿´nt°m GsX-¶nepw XcØn-ep≈ sXfnthm hnh-ctam e`n-®n-´n-√. ]t£ \S-]S- n-bp≠m-bn. Hcp Iayq-Wn-Ãp-Im-c\pw Abm-fpsS IpSpw-_hpw D∂X-amb aqey-߃ ]pe¿tØ-≠X
- p-≠v. AXp-sIm≠v Xs∂
]m¿´n-°msI Ah-a-Xn-bp-≠mb hnj-b-Øn¬ t\cn´v ]¶n√mØ cm[m-Ir-jvWs\Xncmb \S-]Sn kzmKXw sNø-s∏-SWw. IqSp-X¬ Imcy-߃ CtX-°p-dn®v At\z-jn-°m≥ aq∂wK
IΩn-‰n-sbbpw sIm√w Pn√m t\XrXzw \ntbm-Kn-®n-´p-≠.v IqSpX¬ \S-]S- n-Itfm \S-]Sn ]n≥h-en-°tem Hs° Cu IΩn‰n-bpsS dnt∏m¿´v ka¿∏-WØ
- n-\p-tijw D≠m-Ipw. ]m¿´n
\S-]S- nbv°p ]n∂mse tIm¿]-td-j\
- nse acm-aØv Ãm‚nwKv
IΩn‰n ÿncw sNb¿-am≥ ÿm\w kzta-[tbm cm[m-IrjvW≥ cmPn-sh-®p-Ig- n-™p. {]ÿm-\Ø
- n\v Xs‚ aI≥ hgnbp-≠mb Ah-a-Xn∏v Xncn-®-dn™v B kJmhv kzta-[bm
in£ hcn-®p.
F∂m¬ tIc- f - Ø nse Iayq- W nÃv ]m¿´n- b psS
kwÿm\ t\Xr-Xz-Ønse AXn-Im-bcn¬ ]ecpw hy‡n-]c-ambpw Ah-cpsS IpSpw-_-߃ hgnbpw ]m¿´nbv°p hcpØnb \mW-t°-Sn\v ssIbpw IW-°p-apt≠m? GsX-¶nepw
Xc-Øn-ep≈ \S-]-Sn-Iƒ CØcw t\Xm-°ƒt°m ]m¿´n
AwK-߃ IqSn-bmb Ah-cpsS IpSpw-_mw-K-߃°p
t\sctbm ssIs°m-≠n-´pt≠m? D∂-Xa- mb Iayq-WnÃv aqey߃ Ch¿°v Im‰n¬ ]d-Øm-sa∂v ]m¿´n `c-WL
- S- \
- b
- n¬
FgpXn sh®n-´pt≠m? t\Xm-hn\pw A\p-bm-bn-Iƒ°pw Htcm

sX‰n\v Htc in£ e`n-°s≠? CXn-s\m∂pw DØcw
Xcm≥t]mepw Bcp-an-√.
B`y-¥-c-a-{¥nbpw kn ]n sF Fw s]mfn‰v _yqtdmbnse "t__n'-bp-amb tImSn-tbcn _me-Ir-jvWs‚ aI≥
_nt\mbnbpsS Ieym-Ws
- Ø-°p-dn-®p≈ kNn-{X dnt∏m¿´v
(P-\i
- ‡n e°w 87) hmbn-®X
- mWv bYm¿∞-Øn¬ CØ-csamcp IØn\v t{]c-W. DSp-Xp-Wnbv°v adp-Xp-Wn-bn-√m-Xn-cp∂-hs‚ a°ƒ ]m¿´n-bn¬ Db¿∂ ÿm\-sØ-Øn-bt- ∏mƒ
ImWn-°p∂ [q¿Øpw Agn-a-Xnbpw I≠v sR´p-I-bm-Wv.
F∂n´pw ]m¿´n IÆ-S®
- n-cn-°p-∂p. Ch-cpsS hcp-am-\a- m¿Ksa-¥∂p t]mepw tNmZn-°p-∂n-√. ]n _n AwK-Øns‚
`mcybpw ]m¿´n AwK-hp-amb hnt\m-Zn\n s]m∂nepw ]´nepw
Ipfn®p \n¬°p-∂Xv I≠v Xe-I-d-ßp-∂p-. Chn-sS-sbmcp
IΩyq-Wn-Ãv ]m¿´n Pohn-®n-cn-∏pt≠m F∂v tXm∂n-t∏m-Ip∂p. C¥y-bnse F√m t{^mUp-Ifpw B`y-¥c- a- {¥n tImSntb-cn-bpsS aIs‚ Ieym-WØ
- t- e∂v Hcp IpS-°o-gn-se-Ønsb∂ hnhcw tI´v ico-ca- msI hnd-sIm-≈p-Ib
- mWv. C∂pw
tjUn Iymc-ISv ¿ tkhn at\m amXyphns‚ ho´n-emWv tImSntb-cnbpw k¬∏p-{X-∑mcpw hma-`m-Khpw D≠p-dß
- p-∂X
- vB
tkhn tImSn-tb-cn°v tkh sNøm-\mbn ]W-sam-gp-°p-∂p.
\S-]S- n-sb-Sp-t°≠ ]m¿´nbpw kzbw hna¿i-\Ø
- n\v hnt[b-\m-th≠ tImSn-tb-cnbpw CsXm∂pw Ipg-∏a- n√ Hcp Np°pw
kw`-hn-°n√ F∂ `mh-Øn¬ Ccn-bv°p-∂p. ]m¿´n P\-d¬
sk{I-´dn {]Imiv Imcm-´ns‚ Iayq-WnÃv t_m[-sØ-°p-dn®v
Rm≥ Du‰w sIm≠n-cp-∂p. tJZ-tØmsS ]d-bs´ Ah-km\sØ {]Xo-£bpw \in-®p-Ig- n-™n-cn-°p-∂p.
enkv ˛ tZim-`n-am\n tImg-t°-kv, kzc-eb, emhven≥,
km{am-PyXz hnSp-]Wn XpS-ßnb Btcm-]W
- ß
- ƒ°v hnt[b-cm-bh
- ¿ bYm-{Iaw C ]n Pb-cm-P≥, Fw F t__n, ]nWdmbn hnP-b≥, tXmakv sFk°v F∂n-h¿ C∂pw tIc-f]m¿´n-bpsS Xe-sXm-´-∏≥am-cmbn hne-kp-∂p. ]m¿´n-bn¬
Agn-aX
- nbpw kzP-\]
- £
- ]
- m-Xhpw tZi-km¬°-cn® kmlN-cy-Øn¬ ]mhw Un cm[m-Ir-jW
v s
- \-Xnscbp≈ kwÿm\-IΩ
- n-‰n-bpsS i‡-amb CS-s]-Se
- n-s\-Øp-S¿∂v F∂v at\mc-am-Zn-Iƒ ]d-bp∂ A®-S°
- \
- S- ]
- Sn ]cn-lm-ky-am-hp-Ib
- mWv
sNøp-∂X
- .v
jmPp ]n sI, Icp-\m-K∏
- ≈
- n, sIm√w

A\p-ka
v c
- W
- ∏
- X
- n-∏p-Iƒ
tIc-fØ
- ns‚ kaq-lsØ B[p-\n-II
- m-eØv ]p\¿\n¿an-°m≥
bXv\n® sI Sn apl-ΩZv, IS-Ω-\n-´ F∂n-hsc°pdn-®p≈ P\-i‡n-bpsS A\p-kav c- W
- °
- p-dn-∏p-Iƒ hmbn-®p. Ch¿ IYm-ht- i-jc- mbXv tIc-fØ
- ns‚ kaq-lØ
- n¬ hen-sbmcp iq\y-Xb
- mWv krjvSn®n-cn-°p-∂X
- .v C°mcyw Dƒs°m≠v "P\-i‡n' {]kn-≤o-Ic- n® apJte-J-\w A¿Y-h-Øm-Wv. ]I-cw-h-bv°m≥ Ign-bm-Ø-h¿ Hs∂m∂mbn hnS-hm-ßp-∂p. ]Icw shbv°m-t\m, AXn-s\m-∏s- a-Ømt\m
t]mepw ]pXnb \mºp-Iƒ Db¿∂p-hc- p-∂p-an-√. hntbm-Kß
- ƒ {]IrXn-\n-ba- a- m-W.v F∂m¬ ]pXp-\m-ºp-Iƒ Db¿∂p-hc- m-Øs- X-¥p-sIm≠m-sW-∂p-IqSn At\z-jn-t°-≠n-bn-cn-°p-∂p. {]Ir-Xnbpw a\pjycpw XΩn-ep≈ hn-Shv aqSp-I-bmtWm? {]iv\I-ep-jn-X-amWv
kaqlw; apsº-∂t- Ø-°m-fpw. sI Sn, IS-Ω\
- n-´ A\p-kav c- W
- ß
- ƒ
]pd-Øn-d°
- nb P\-i‡
- n°v A`n-\μ
- \
- ß
- ƒ
lcn ]n \mb¿, Im´m-°S
2008 sabv 9

a\n-XIw IhnXm Ahm¿Uv
Xncp-h-\-¥-]pcw tI{μ-am°n {]h¿Øn°p∂ a\n-XIw kmwkvIm-cnI thZn-bpsS
H∂m-aXv IS-Ω\
- n´ kvamcI a\n-XIw IhnXm
Ahm-cvUn\v bph-Ih
- n-If
- n¬ \n∂v IrXn-Iƒ
£Wn-°p-∂p. 2005\v tijw BZy-]X
- n-∏mbn
{]kn-≤o-Ic- n® ]pkvXI
- Ø
- ns‚ aq∂v {]Xn-Iƒ
Pq¨ 25\v apºmbn {]tPmZv IS-bv°¬, P\d¬ sk{I-´d- n, a\n-XIw kmwkvIm-cnI thZn,
Ncn-∏-dºv ]n H, IS-bv°¬, sIm√w˛ 691536
F∂ hnem-kØ
- n¬ e`n-®n-cn-°W
- w.

5

apJ-{]-kwKw

aqe-[-\-Øns‚ \c-ta[w XS-bm≥
sXmgn-emfn DW-cWw
km{amPyXz aqe-[\
- h
- mgvN temI-Øns‚ F√m tImWp-If
- nepw Ac-°n-´p-d∏
- n-°m-\p≈ X{¥ßƒ°p thK-Xt- b-dp∂ L´-Øn-emWv Cs°m-√sØ sabvZn\w BN-cn-°s- ∏-Sp-∂X
- .v sXmgn-emfn-If
- psS tPmen-ka- bw F´p-aW
- n-°q-dmbn \n›-bn-®m¬ AXv hnI-k\
- s- Øbpw Dev]m-Z\
- s- Øbpw
XS- s
- ∏-SpØpw F∂p `b-s∏-´h
- c
- m-bn-cp∂p ]g-bI
- me apX-em-fn-am¿. Ah¿ Ata-cn-°b
- nse
Nn°m-tKm-bn-epƒs∏sS sXmgn-em-fn-Isf shSn-bp-≠I
- ƒ sIm≠p-t\-cn-´p. sXmgn-emfn t\Xm-°sf
XS-hn-en-Sp-Ibpw Xq°n-s°m-√p-Ibpw sNbvXp. ]t£ ASn-®a- ¿Ø-ep-Iƒ°v tXmev]n-°m-\mhp∂Xmbn-cp-∂n√ sXmgn-em-fn-If
- psS ka-ch
- o-cyw. Ah-cpsS t]mcm-´]
- c- º
- c- °
- p-ap-∂n¬ apX-emfn-am¿°v ap´p-aS- t- °-≠n-h∂
- p. sabvZn-\Ø
- ns‚ Hm¿Ω Cu ka-cß
- f
- psS Hm¿Ω-s∏-Sp-ج IqSnbm-W.v
temIsØßpw hym]n® sXmgn-emfnh¿§ cmjv{So-bØ
- n-s‚bpw tkmjy-enÃv Ah-t_m-[Øn-s‚bpw Ae-Iƒ C¥y-bnepw sIm®p-tI-cf
- Ø
- nepw Dƒs∏sS Ne-\ß
- ƒ krjvSn-®n-´p-≠v.
sXmgn-emfnbpsS tNmc-bn-emWv \ΩpsS CS-Xp-]£
- c- m-j{v So-bØ
- ns‚ ASn-Ød _e-hØ
- m-°s∏-´X
- .v km{am-PyXz BtKm-fh
- ¬°-cW
- Ø
- ns‚ hym]-\hpw dnhn-j\
- nkv‰v Bi-bß
- f
- psS {]fbhpw Cu ASn-Ød- sb Zp¿∫-es
- ∏-Sp-Øn-s°m-≠n-cn-°p-∂p. Ct∏mƒ tIc-fØ
- n-sebpw C¥ybn-sebpw apJy-[mcm CS-Xp-]£
- ]
- m¿´n-Iƒ°v sXmgn-em-fn-It- fmSv ]c-a]
- p-—a- m-W.v apX-em-fn-Øhn-Ik
- \
- Ø
- n\v thK-Xh
- ¿[n-∏n-°p-∂Xv Pohn-XZ- u-Xy-ambn kzbw Gs‰-SpØ kn ]n sF Fw
t\Xr-Xz-Øn\v sXmgn-em-fn-Iƒ ˛ Npa´p-sXm-gn-em-fn apX¬ F≥ Pn H hsc GXp hn`mKhpw ˛
hnI-k\w apc-Sn-∏n-°p-∂h
- c
- m-Wv. tImSn-Iƒ sh´n®v k¿°m-cns\ I_-fn-∏n-°p-∂h
- c
- √ t\m°p-Iqen hmßp-∂h
- c- mWv ]nW-dmbn hnP-bs- ‚bpw tXmakv sFk-°n-t‚-bp-sams° i{Xp-°ƒ.
Cu apX-em-fnØ ]£-]m-Xn-Isf sXmgn-em-fn-h¿§-{]-ÿm-\Ø
- ns‚ t\Xr-Xz-Øn¬ \n∂v \njvImk\w sNøp-∂X
- n-\p≈ cmjv{Sob t]mcm´w i‡n-s∏-Sp-tØ-≠Xv C∂v sXmgn-em-fn-If
- psS Npa-Xe-bm-bn-cn-°p∂p. sXmgn-em-fn-Isf Ah-tl-fn-°p-∂Xp Iebpw imkv{X-hp-am°n am‰nb ]nWdmbn hnP-bs
- \-t∏m-ep-≈h
- ¿ tXmfn-te‰n \S-°p-∂h
- ¿ Fhn-sS-sbm-s°-bmWv sN∂-Sn-bp-∂X
- v
F∂v t]mb-hmcw _n sP ]n t\Xmhv F¬ sI AZzm\n tIc-fØ
- n-se-Øn-bt- ∏mƒ \mw ImWpI-bp-≠m-bn. _oUn sXmgn-em-fnbpw Ib¿sXm-gn-em-fn-bp-sams° IjvSs
- ∏´p kzcq-]n® ImipsIm≠v thdn-s´mcp Nm\¬ XpS-ßn-bt- ∏mƒ sNb¿am≥ ]Z-hn-bn-te°p kn ]n sF Fw t\Xm°ƒ Is≠-Ønb alm-\S- ≥ AZzm-\n-bpsS Bfl-IY
- m-{]-Im-i\
- ®
- S- ß
- n-s\Øn ]pkvXIw G‰phmßn kmbq-Py-aS- ™
p. kn\n-ab
- nse \cn-bmbn Adn-bs
- ∏-Sp∂ Cu am\y≥ Xs∂-bmWv Un
ssh F^v sF ]pen-°p-´n-If
- psS AJn-te¥ym ktΩ-f\w sNss∂-bn¬ DZvLm-S\w sNbvXX
- .v
aq∂m-dn¬ \cn-bpsS `qan°v ]´-b-ap≠v F∂v ÿm]n-°m-\m-bn-cp∂p thdn-s´mcp Nm\-ens‚
{]h¿Ø-I¿ F{Xtbm Znhkw Ign-™h
- ¿jw Dd-°a- n-f®
- X
- v. Ct∏mƒ \cn _n sP ]n bpsS
sXmgp-Øn-seØn ]mep-Ip-Sn-°p-Ib
- m-W.v
aqe-[\Xm¬∏-cy-߃°-\p-kc- n®v GXp thjhpw BSp∂ CØcw _nw_-ßf
- mWv B[p\n-II
- m-esØ "amXr-II
- ƒ'. Ch-sb√mw \ncm-Ic
- n®v sXmgn-em-fn-bpsS ka-cß
- ƒ°v CS-th-fbn√ F∂pw Ah-kc
- h
- m-Zn-Is
- fbpw apX-em-fnØ ]£-]m-Xn-Is
- fbpw ]mTw ]Tn-∏n-°p-sa∂pw
{]Xn-⁄s- b-Sp-°p-Ib
- mWv \ΩpsS \m´nse sXmgn-em-fn-Iƒ sabvZn-\\
- m-fn¬ sNtø-≠X
- .v hmb\-°m¿°v P\-i‡
- n-bpsS sabvZn-\m-iw-kI
- ƒ.

2008 sabv 9

6

hni-Ie
- \w
cmlp¬ Km‘n

hnhm-Zß
- ƒ°v AXo-X\- mb
Hcp {][m-\a- {- ¥n-bp-≈t- ∏mƒ ]pXn-sbmcp
{][m-\a- {- ¥nsb B a{¥n-k`- b- nse
ko\n-b¿ AwKw Xs∂ ]c-ky-ambn
\n¿t±-in-°p-Ibpw AsXmcp
Iymº-b\v mbn Gs‰-Sp-°p-Ibpw
sNøp-∂Xv tIm¨{K-kn\v am{Xw
]cn-Nn-Xa- mb ssien-bm-W.v
cmPohv Km‘n°v Xpey-amb
ka-kXv K- p-Wß
- f- p≈ cmlp-en\v th≠n
a≥tam-l≥ knwKv
ÿm\-sam-gn-bW
- s- a-∂p≈
]ckyhnfw-_c- a- mW-nX- .v

tIm¨{Kkv ImØnc- n°
- p∂
]´m-`nt- jIw
cmjv{Sob teJ-I≥

C

¥y-bnse \qdv tImSn-bn-tesd P\-߃ bp≤-Ime-sØ-∂t- ]mse ISpØ `£y-£m-aØ
- nepw Np´p-s]m-≈p∂
hne-°b
- ‰- Ø
- nepw Fcn-s]m-cn-sIm-≈p-tºmƒ AXn-sem´pw
IqkmsX C¥y-bpsS {][m-\a- {¥n ]Z-Øn¬ ""bph-cm-Pmhv''
cmlp¬Km-‘nsb {]Xn-jvTn-°m-\p≈ X{X-∏m-Sn-emWv
tkmWn-bm-Km-‘n-bpsS kvXpXn-]m-TI
- h
- r-μw. tkmWn-bb
- psS
D]-Pm-]I
- t- I-{μ-amb 10, P\-]Yv Cu kz]v\w s\bvXp-Iq-´nØp-S-ßn-bn´v \mfp-I-tf-sd-bm-bn. AhnsS am{X-a√ C‰-enbnse Hm¿t_m-tkm\bn¬ tkmWn-bbpsS IpSpw-_mw-Kßfpw sh\n-kze-bn¬ cmlp¬ Km‘n-bpsS ImapIn shtdmWn-°bpw CtX kz]v\ß
- ƒ s\øp-Ib
- m-W.v cmlp-en\v am{Xa√ {]nb¶m Km‘n-°v th≠nbpw Icp-°ƒ \o°p∂p-≠v.
2008 sabv 9

{]nb-¶sb IqSn cmjv{So-b-Ønte°v Cd-°n-bm¬ IpSpw-_hmgvN tIm¨{K- n¬ Ipim-embn!
cmPohvKm‘n h[-t°-kn¬ Pbn¬ in£ A\p-`h
- n-°p∂
{ioe-¶≥ bphXn \fn-\nsb {]nb-¶K
- m‘n Ign™ am¿®v 19
\v kμ¿in-®X
- pw tkmWnbm IpSpw-_Ø
- n\v A\p-Iq-ea- mb
kl-Xm-]X
- c- wKw Cf-°n-hn-Sm≥ ]Øv, P\-]Y
- ns\ Np‰n-]‰n
Ign-bp∂ D]-Pm-]-I-kwLw Icp-hm-°p-∂Xv. cmlp-ens\
{][m-\-a-{¥n-bm-°-W-sa∂ hmZw Db¿∂-Xnepw \fn-\nsb
kμ¿in-®X
- ns‚ t]cn¬ \S-°p∂ kl-Xm-]{- ]-Nc- W
- Ø
- nepw
Hcp ]¶p-an-s√∂v hcp-Øn-Xo¿°m\mWv 10, P\-]Yv {ian-°p∂-sX-¶nepw CXns‚ Du¿÷-t{km-Xkv Ahn-sS-bm-sW∂v
hy‡w. Cμn-cm-Km-‘n-bpsS ]p\-ch
- X
- m-ca- mWv {]nb¶ F∂p-

7

t]mepw {]N-cWw Bcw-`n-®p IqsS-∂n√. {]nb¶ IqSn kPo-hc- m-j{v So-bØ
- n¬
D≠m-IW
- s- a∂ hmZw _e-s∏-Sm≥ C\n
as‰-¥p-th-Ww?
bp ]n F a{¥n-k-`-bpsS Imemh[n Ah-km-\n°pw apºv P\-ßf
- psS
ap≥]n¬ Ah-Xc
- n-∏n-°m-\p≈ CØ-cØn-ep≈ \nc-h[n Xnc-°Y
- I
- ƒ P\-]Y- Ø n¬ Xøm- d mbn Ccn- ∏ p- ≠ v.
CsX√mw P\-ßf
- psS ap∂n¬ FØm\n-cn-°p-Ib
- m-Wv. ln‰ved- psS ^mknÃv
a{¥n-k-`-bn¬ {]Nm-c-W-hn-`m-K-Øn\v
Np°m≥ ]nSn-®n-cp∂ a{¥n tPmk^v
Kos_¬kns‚ ]p\-ch
- X
- m-cß
- ƒ bp ]n
F a{¥n-k`- b
- n-ep-ap-≠.v ""cmPohv Km‘nbpsS F√m e£-Wß
- f
- p-samØ t\Xmhmbn''
cmlp¬
Km‘nsb
A¿Pp≥knßv Is≠- Ø n- b Xv
Kos_¬kns‚ injyXzw sIm≠p-Xs∂-bm-I-Ww. {]nb¶ F∂m¬ Cμnc
F∂p-IqSn A¿Pp≥knßv sshImsX
Is≠-Øp-am-bn-cn-°-Ww. ap≥]v tZhIm¥v _dph Fs∂mcp tIm¨{Kkv
{]kn-U≠v ""C¥ysb-∂m¬ Cμnc''
F∂p {]Jym-]n-®Xv Ncn-{X-Øn¬
ÿm\w t\Sn-bX
- m-Wt- √m. Ph-l¿em¬
s\lvdp-hn-s‚bpw Cμn-cm-Km-‘n-bpsSbpw \nc-bn-te°v tkmWn-b-Km-‘nsbtbm cmlp¬Km-‘n-sbtbm {]nb¶
Km‘n-sbtbm {]Xn-jvTn-°m-sa∂p
kz]v\w ImWp-∂-h-cpsS a\∏m-bkØn\v F¥n\v a[pcw Ipd-b°
v Ww?
tkmWn- b - b psS IpSpw- _ - h mgvNbv°v hgnsbmcp-ßn-bm¬ tkmWn-bbpsS IpSpw-_Ø
- n\v F¥v t\´-ap-≠mIp-sa∂v C‰-en-bnse Hm¿t_m-tkm\m°m¿°v \∂m-bn´v Adn-bmw. Hm¿t_mtkm\mbn¬ Hcp Zcn-{Z-Ip-Spw-_-Øn¬
]nd∂ tkmWn-bb-psS IpSpw-_mw-Kß
- a≥tam-l≥knwKv

2008 sabv 9

{]nb¶m Km‘n

cmlp-ens\ {][m-\-a-{¥n-bm-°-W-sa∂ hmZw Db¿∂-Xnepw
\fn-\nsb kμ¿in-®-Xns‚ t]cn¬ \S-°p∂ kl-Xm-]-{]-N-c-W-Ønepw
Hcp ]¶p-an-s√∂v hcp-Øn-Xo¿°m\mWv 10, P\-]Yv
{ian-°p-∂-sX-¶nepw CXns‚ D¿÷-t{km-Xkv
Ahn-sS-bm-sW∂v hy‡w.
fpsS BkvXn cmPohv Km‘nbpam-bp≈
hnhml tijw IÆ-©n-∏n-°pwhn[w
hf¿∂-Xns‚ ZrIvkm-£n-I-fm-W-h¿.
tkmWn-b-bpsS ]nXmhv Ão^mt\m
abvt\m km[m-cW Iev]W
- n-°m-c\
- m-bncp-∂p. sslkvIqƒ hnZym-`ym-kØ
- n\v
kmº-Øn-It- i-jn-bn-√m-Ø{X Zmcn-{ZyØn-em-bn-cp∂p A∂v B IpSpw-_w. CXv
ImcWw Hm¿t_m-tkm\mbn¬ \n∂v
]Xn-\©v Intem-ao-‰¿ AIse Kymhm\-bn-ep≈ I\ym-kv{Xo-a-T-amb acn-bm
B…n-bm-{Xo-kn¬ BWv tkmWnb
sslkv°qƒ ]T-\Ø
- n\v A`bw tXSnb- X v. CXn\v tijw 1965 ¬
tIw{_nUvPv ]´WØn¬ hmgvkn‰n
dtÃm-d‚n¬ shbv‰¿ tPmen t\Snb
tkmWnb Ahn-sS-h-®mWv cmPohv
Km‘nsb I≠p-ap-´p-∂Xv. ]n¬°m-eØv
C¥y-bn¬ cmPohv Km‘n-bpsS `mcybmbn FØp-tºmgpw Hm¿t_m-tkm\mbn¬ tkmWn-bb
- psS IpSpw_w Zmcn-{ZyØn¬ Xs∂-bm-bn-cp-∂p. kz¥w IpSpw_sØ klm- b n- ° m- \ m- I Ww

tkmWnb C¥y- b n¬ Hmdn- b ‚¬
^b¿ B‚ v C≥jp-d≥kv Iº-\n-bpsS
C≥jp-d≥kv GP‚m-bn. Cμn-cm-Km‘n
{][m-\a- {- ¥nbpw cmPo-hvKm‘n ss]e‰p-am-bn-cn-°p-tºmƒ tkmWn-bbv°v
\nXy- h r- Ø n°v
C≥jp- d ≥kv
GP‚ns‚ hcp-am\w Bh-iy-an-√t- √m.
{][m-\-a-{¥n-bpsS k^-Zv¿PwKnse
HutZym-KnI hk-Xn-bm-bn-cp∂p Cu
C≥jp-d≥kv GP‚ v kz¥w hnem-kambn \evIn-bn-cp-∂X
- .v kzm`m-hn-Ia- mbpw
]e D∂-Xcpw tkmWnb hgn C≥jpd≥kv FSp-°m≥ Xn°pw Xnc°pw Iq´n.
]m¿e-sa‚nepw CXv N¿®m hnj-b-ambn. 1974 \hw-_¿ 19 \v A∂sØ bph]m¿e-sa‚ v AwKw tUm. kp{_-“Wyw
kzman tNmZy-cq-]-Øn¬ Cu hnjbw
D∂-bn-®p. {][m-\a- {- ¥n-bpsS acp-aI
- ƒ
tkmWnb s]mXp-ta-Je
- m-ÿm-]\
- a- mb
Hmdn-b‚ v ^b¿ B‚ v C≥jp-d≥kv
Iº-\n-bpsS GP‚mbn {]h¿Øn-°p∂pt≠m F∂m-bn-cp∂p tNmZyw. A∂v
tkmWnb C¥y≥ ]ucXzw t]mepw

8

t\Sn-bn-cp-∂n-√. {][m-\-a{¥n Cμn-cmKm‘n k`-bn¬ sX‰v kΩ-Xn-®t- Xm-sSbmWv Cu hnhmZw sI´-Sß
- n-bX
- .v am{Xa√ C≥jp-d≥kv GP‚ v ÿm\w
tkmWnb Dt]-£n-°p-Ibpw sNbvXp.
C¥y≥ cmjv{So-bØ
- n¬ D∂-Xh
- y-‡nIƒ°v t\sc Bcpw Is≠-ØmØ
Btcm-]W
- ß
- ƒ Db¿Øp-∂Xv Hcp Iebmbn hf¿Ønb tUm. kp{_-“Wyw
kzman°v Xpey-\mbn as‰m-cm-fn-√. Xangv\mSv ap≥ap-Jy-a{¥n Pb-ef
- n-Xbpw Ahkm\w ASn- s ]- ´ Xv kp{_- “ Wyw
kzman-bpsS Ic-ß-fn-em-Wv. tkmWnbbp-sSbpw IpSpw-_mw-K-ß-fp-sSbpw
hntZ-i_
- ‘
- ß
- f
- n¬ Kpcp-Xc
- a- mb ]e
Btcm-]W
- ß
- fpw D∂-bn®p Ct∏mgpw
\nb-a-bp-≤-Øn-emWv kp{_-“Wyw
kzman. cmPohv Km‘n {][m-\a- {- ¥n-bmb- t ∏mƒ cmPysØ \Sp- ° nb
t_mt^mgvkv tImg hnhm-Z-Ønepw
tkmWn-bb
- psS ]¶v B¿°pw ad-®p-sh°m-hp-∂X
- √
- t- √m. Cu CS-]m-Snse apJyC-S\
- n-e°
- m-c≥ H´m-hn-tbm IzXvtdm®n
tkmWn-bb
- psS kplr-ØmWv A∂pw
C∂pw. cmPohv Km‘n tkmWnbsb
hnhmlw Ign®tij-amWv IzXvtdm®n
C¥y-bn¬ Xmh-fa- p-d∏
- n-®Xv. \nb-asØ
AXns‚ hgn-°p-t]m-Im≥ A\p-h-Zn°mØ {][m\ Ipw`-tIm-W-ß-fpsS
]´n- I - b n¬ t_mt^m- g v k n- \ p≈
ÿm\w AZznXo-ba- m-W.v bp ]n F a{¥nk` A[n- I mcw G‰- tij- a mWv
t_mt^mgvkv tImg ]Ww ]n≥h-en-°m≥ tI{μ-k¿°m¿ HØm-is- N-bX
v p-sImSp-Ø-Xv. tkmWnb {][m-\-a{¥n ]Zw
t]mep≈ D∂-Xÿ
- m-\Øv FØn-bm¬
kwL- ] - c n- h m¿ Cu CS- ] m- S nse
C\nbpw Npcp-fg- n-bmØ kw`-h]
- c- º
- c- Iƒ hen®p ]pd-ØnSpw F∂Xv X¿°a‰ Imcy-am-W.v
kz¥w Pohn-XØ
- nse Cu Ccp≠
hiw kZm Xpdn-®p-t\m-°p-∂X
- p-sIm-≠pIq-Sn-bmWv {][m-\-a{¥n ]Zw Gs‰-Sp°p-∂-Xn¬ \n∂v tkmWnb ]n≥am-dnb-Xv. ]s£ B Xocp-am\w FSp-°ptºmgpw F{Xbpw thKw aI-s\tbm aIsftbm {][m-\a- {¥n ]Z-Øn¬ FØn°p-∂X
- n\v tkmWn-bb
- psS a\ v XpSn°p-Ib
- m-bn-cp-∂p. AXn-\p≈ Icp-°ƒ
H∂p-a-dn-bmØ a´n¬ AWn-b-d-bn-encp∂v \o°p-Ib
- m-Wn-t∏mƒ tkmWn-b.
CØcw IpX-{¥-߃°v Xg-°hpw hg°-hp-ap≈ t\Xm-hmWv A¿Pp≥kn-ß.v
kp{]-[m-\X
- o-cp-am-\ß
- f
- n-te°v AWnIsf hgn-Xn-cn-®p-hn-Sm-\p≈ X{¥-߃
A¿Pp≥kn-ßn\v \t∂ hi-hp-am-Wv.
2008 sabv 9

tkmWnbm Km‘n

tkmWn-b-bpsS IpSpw-_-hm-gvNbv°v hgnsbmcp-ßn-bm¬
tkmWn-b-bpsS IpSpw-_-Øn\v F¥v t\´-ap-≠m-Ip-sa∂v C‰-en-bnse
Hm¿t_m-tkm-\m-°m¿°v \∂m-bn´v Adn-bmw. Hm¿_m-tkm-\m-bn¬ Hcp
Zcn-{Z-Ip-Spw-_-Øn¬ ]nd∂ tkmWn-bb-psS IpSpw-_mw-K-ß-fpsS
BkvXn cmPohv Km‘nbpam-bp≈ hnhml tijw
IÆ-©n-∏n-°pwhn[w hf¿∂-Xns‚ ZrIvkm-£n-I-fm-W-h¿.
tIm¨{K-kns‚ ]c-º-cm-KX ssien
IqSn-bm-WX
- .v A¿Pp≥kn-ßns‚ ]c-kyamb A`n- { ]mb{]I- S - \ - Ø n\v
Aßpanßv Nne {]Xn- I - c - W - ß ƒ
Db¿s∂-¶nepw 10, P\-]Yv {]Xo-£n-®t]mse Cf-°n-ad- n-bs
- em∂pw cmPyØv
D≠m-°n-bn-√. 10, P\-]-Yns\ Gsd
kt¥m-jn-∏n-®-Xv Xangv\mSv apJy-a{¥nbpw bp ]n F LS-I-I£n t\Xm-

hp-amb Fw Icp-Wm-\n[n, cmlp-ens\
{][m-\-a-{¥n-bmbn hmgn-°p-∂-Xns\
A\p-Iq-en-®-Xm-Wv. tIm¨{K- nse
kvXpXn-]m-TI
- c- psS {]Xn-Ic- W
- h
- p-ambn
CXns\ tN¿Øp-hb
- v°p-∂Xv Aÿm\-Øm-sW-¶nepw Icp-Wm-\n-[n-bpsS
ZpjvSe
- m°v tIm¨{Kkv ImWm-Xn-cn-°p∂n-√.
H∂v, F≥ Un Ftbm-S√ tIm¨{K-

9

A¿÷p≥ knwKv

kp{]-[m-\-Xo-cp-am-\-ß-fn-te°v AWn-Isf hgn-Xn-cn-®p-hn-Sm-\p≈
X{¥-߃ A¿Pp≥kn-ßn\v \t∂ hi-am-Wv. tIm¨{K-kns‚
]c-º-cm-KX ssien IqSn-bm-W-Xv. A¿Pp≥kn-ßns‚ ]c-ky-amb
A`n-{]mb {]I-S-\-Øn\v Aßpanßv Nne {]Xn-I-c-W-߃
Db¿s∂-¶nepw 10, P\-]Yv {]Xo-£n-®-t]mse
Cf-In-a-dn-b-sem∂pw cmPyØv D≠m-°n-bn-√.
kn-t\mSv Xs∂-bmWv Un Fw sIbv°v
Ct∏mgpw aa-X-sb∂v ]c-ky-ambn
kn·¬ \¬I¬. Fs¥-∂m¬ Un Fw
sI sb Xg™v bp ]n Fbn¬ IS-∂pIq-Sm≥ F sF F Un Fw sI t\Xmhv
Pb-e-fnX AWn-b-d-bn¬ \S-Øp∂
\o°-߃ A´n-ad- n-°pI.
c≠v , cmPo- h v K m- ‘ n- h - [ - Ø n\v
]n∂nse KqVm-tem-N-\-bn¬ Un Fw
sIbv°pw ]¶p-s≠∂ At\z-jW
dnt∏m¿´p-If
- nse Zpjvt]cv am‰n-sb-Sp-°pI. tkmWn-b-Km-‘n-bpsS IpSpw-_-hpambn ASp-Ø-_‘Øn-em-bm¬ Cu
]gn- b n¬ \n∂v Xe- b q- c m- \ m- I pw.
F∂m¬ bp ]n F bnse tijn® 15
LS-I-I-£nIfpw Cu hnhm-Z-Øn¬
\n∂v AI∂v \n¬°pIbmWv sNbvXXv. A¿Pp≥knßv s]m´n® t_mw_v
X¬°mew No‰n-t∏mbn F∂p Npcp-°w.
hnhm-Z-߃°v AXo-X-\mb Hcp
{][m-\-a-{¥n-bp-≈-t∏mƒ ]pXn-sbmcp
{][m-\-a-{¥nsb B a{¥n-k-`-bnse
Hcp ko\n-b¿ AwKw Xs∂ ]c-ky-ambn
2008 sabv 9

\n¿t±-in-°p-Ibpw AsXmcp Iymsº-bn\mbn Gs‰-Sp-°p-Ibpw sNøp-∂Xv
tIm¨{K-kn\v am{Xw ]cn-Nn-X-amb
ssien- b m- W v . {][m- \ - a {¥n tUm
a≥tam-l≥kn-ßn¬ a{¥n-k`- mw-Ka- mb
A¿Pp≥kn-ßn-\p≈ Ahn-izmkw ]cky-ambn {]Jym-]n-°e
- mWv CXv. Ct∏mgsØ {][m-\-a-{¥n°v Imcy-{]m]vXn
Cs√t∂m cmPohv Km‘n°v Xpey-amb
ka- k v X - K p- W - ß - f p≈ cmlp- e n\v
th≠n At±lw ÿm\-sam-gn-b-W-sat∂m D≈ ]cky hnfw-_-c-amW-n-Xv.
Ign™ F≥ Un F a{¥n-k-`-bpsS
ImeØv {][m-\a- {¥n F _n hmPvt]bn-bpsS Nnd-Ic- n-bm≥ B¿ Fkv Fkv
Xocp-am-\n-®t- ∏mƒ F¬ sI AZzm-\nsb
D]-{]-[m-\-a-{¥n-bm-°n-bmWv {]iv\w
]cn-lc- n-®X
- .v C∂sØ {][m-\a- {¥n 10,
P\-]-Y-Øns‚ d_¿ Ãmºv am{X-amsW∂ kwL-]-cn-hm-dns‚ B{I-aWsØ Cu kml-Nc- y-Øn¬ tIm¨{Kkn\v Fßns\ {]Xn- t cm- [ n- ° m≥
Ignbpw? A¿Pp≥kn-ßn\v ]pdsa

tI{μ-a-{¥n-k-`-bnse AwK-ß-fmb
{]W_v apJ¿Pnbpw hb-em¿ chnbpw
cmlp-en\v th≠n cwK-sØ-Øn-bn-´p-≠.v
{][m-\-{]-Xn-I-c-W-߃ hnNm-cn-®{X
i‡-as
- √∂v I≠n-´mImw P\-ßf
- psS
IÆn¬ s]mSn-bn-Sm≥, apJ-kvXpXn
A\p-hZ- n-°p-Ib
- n-s√∂v Hcp ap∂-dn-bn∏v
10, P\-]Y
- Ø
- ns‚ t]cn¬ ]pd-Øp-h∂
- p.
Cu {]kvXm-h\ Bi-b°
- p-g∏w h¿[n∏n®p F∂p-am-{X-a√ C\nbpw {]Xn-Ic- n°-Ws
- a-∂p-≈h
- ¿°v {]tNm-Z\w IqSnbm-bn-cp-∂p. AXn\v ItømsS ^e-hpap-≠m-bn. a[y-{]-tZiv ap≥ap-Jy-a{- ¥nbpw
{]h¿Ø- I - k - a nXn AwK- h p- a mb
ZnKvhnPbv
knßvth-Xs∂
{]NWv
U s]mXpZn-bn¬A¿Pp≥knßn\v ]n¥p-W-bp-ambn cwK-sØ-Øn.
Cu hnhmZw aq∏n-°c
- p-sX∂ 10, P\-]Y-Øns‚ ap∂-dn-bn∏v Bcpw Imcy-am-t°s≠- ∂ - X ns‚ hy‡- a mb kqN\!
CsX√mw Hcp Bkq-{XnX \mS-IØns‚ `mK-am-sW∂v ImWm≥ kmam\y-_p≤n aXn. {][m-\-a{¥n tUm.
a≥tam-l≥kn-ßns\ CSn-®p-Xm-gØ
v pwhn[w {]Nm-cWw Agn-®p-hn-´m¬ cmlpens‚ tamlw k^-ea- m-°pI Ffp-∏a- mIp-at- √m.
Ign™ \mep-h¿jsØ bp ]n F
`c-WØ
- n¬ cmPy-Øn-s‚bpw P\-ßf
- psS- b pw Poh- Ø mb {]iv\- ß ƒ
ssIImcyw sNøp-∂-Xn¬ bp ]n F
a{¥n-k` am∏¿ln-°mØ A\m-ÿbmWv Im´n-b-Xv. {][m-\-a{¥n tUm.
a≥tam-l≥kn-ßn\v ]e tI{μ-a{- ¥n-amcn¬ \n∂pw D≈-gn™ kl-I-cWw
e`n-®n-´n-s√-∂Xv Cu hnhm-Z-Øn¬
\n∂v Xs∂ hy‡w. GXp ka-bhpw
ÿm\-{`-jvS-\m-°-s∏-tS≠ {][m-\a{¥nbmbn-´m-Wt√m A¿Pp≥knßpw
a‰pw a≥tam-l≥kn-ßns\ ImWp-∂X
- .v
B A´n-ad- n°v thKw Iq´pI IqSn-bmWv
Ct∏m-gsØ hnhm-Zw.
kzX{¥ C¥y CXp-hsc `cn-®Xv
P\-Iob t\Xm-°-fm-sW-¶n¬ C\n
ImWm≥ t]mIp-∂Xv ""cmP-Ip-am-c''s‚
`c-W-am-sW-∂mWv Nne tIm¨{Kkv
AwK-߃ GXm\pw Znhkw apºv
]m¿e-sa‚n¬ BtLm-j]
- q¿Δw hmZn®-Xv. cmPy-k-`-bn¬ kn ]n sF Fw
AwKw hrμm-Im-cm´v CXn\v \¬Inb
Np´ adp-]Sn Xs∂-bmIpw C¥y-bnse
\qdp-tImSn P\-ßf
- p-w Bh¿Øn-°pI:
""cmPm- ° - ∑ m¿°pw alm- c m- P m°∑m¿°pw ]pd-tØ-°p≈ hmXn¬
ImWn- ® p- s Im- S p- Ø n- c n- ° p- I - b mWv
t\∏mƒ.''

10

Im¿´q¨

2008 sabv 9

11

hni-Ie
- \w

icm-icn C¥y≥ ]uc\v
cmlp-en-s\-°p-dn®v F¥mWv
Adn-hp-≈Xv? Hcp IS-em-kns‚
Hcp ]pd-sØ-¶nepw
Fgp-Xn-sh-°m-\p≈ {]mK-¤ywcm-lp¬ Km‘n°pt≠m?
cmjv{Sob Imcy-ß-fn¬
Ncn-{X-Øn\p \nc-°mØ
]º-c-hn-UvVn-Ø-ßfpw
kwL-S\m Imcy-ß-fn¬ Bcpw
aq°Øp hnc¬sh®p t]mIp∂
{]Jym-]-\-ßfpw \S-Øp∂
Cu kz]v\m-S-\-°m-cs‚
ssIøn¬ Cu cmPyw
AI-s∏-´m¬ F¥mhpw ÿnXn?

cmlp¬ F∂ ap°p-]≠w
cmjv{Sob teJ-I≥

tZ

iob cmjv{So-bØ
- n¬ Iq´pa-{¥n-k`- I
- ƒ°pw GI-I£n a{¥n-k`- Iƒ t]mse Xs∂ kpK-aa- mbn Imemh[n ]q¿Øn-bm-°m-\mIpw F∂-Xns‚
c≠m-asØ A\p-`h
- ]
- m-Ta- mWv bp]nF
a{¥n-k` \¬Ip-∂X
- v. F _n hmPvt]bn-bpsS t\Xr-Xz-Øn¬ ]Øv h¿jw
apºv cq]w sIm≠ BZy F≥UnF
a{¥n-k`bmbn-cp∂p tIm¨{K- ns\
Cu Zni-bn¬ Nn¥n-∏n-°m≥ t{]cn-∏n®-X.v AXp-hsc GI-I£n `c-WØ
- nt\
D≈q F∂ imTyØn- e m- b n- c p∂p
tIm¨{K- k v . kwÿm- \ - X - e - Ø n¬
BIm-sa-¶nepw tI{μ-Øn¬ Iq´p-a{- ¥nk` cq]o-Ic- n-°p-∂Xp tIm¨{K-kn\p
ANn-¥y-am-bn-cp-∂p. F∂m¬ Cu \ne]mSv hngpßn H‰AwKw am{X-ap≈
ap…oweoKns\ AS°w a{¥n-k`- b
- n-seSp-°m≥ tIm¨{Kkv \n¿_-‘n-Xa- m-bn.
bp ]n F bpsS `mK-am-bp≈ {]mtZ-inI
I£n- I ƒ AXXp kwÿm- \ Øp
t\Snb A`qX-]q¿Δ-amb hnP-b-amWv
F´p h¿jsØ CS-th-f°p tijw
tIm¨{K-kn\p a{¥n-k` cq]o-Ic- n-°m≥
2008 sabv 9

sI¬∏p-≠m-°n-bX
- v. F≥ Un Fbv°p
temIvk-`-bn¬ X\n®p tIh-e-`q-cn]£w D≠m-bn-cp-∂p. F∂m¬ bp]nF
LS-I-I-£n-I-sf√mw IqSn-bm-bmepw
temIvk-`-bn¬ `qcn-]-£-an-√. CS-Xp]£ ]m¿´n-If
- psS \ncp-]m-[nI ]n¥pW-sIm≠p am{X-amWv bp]nF a{¥nk` ]nSn®p \n¬°p-∂X
- v. tI{μ-Øn¬
A[n-Imcw ssIømfp∂-Xns‚ t]cn¬
ASp-Øp-Xs∂ IpSpw-_h
- mgvN°p Ifsam-cp-°m-sa∂v tIm¨{Kkv s\K-fn-°ptºmƒ Cu bmYm¿∞y߃ ImWm-Xncp-∂p-Iq-S.
bp ]n F kJyw \mep h¿jw
apºp A[n- I m- c - Ø n¬ h- ∂ - t ∏mƒ
tIm¨{K- n\p cmPy-Øp-≠m-bn-cp∂
P\-]n-¥pW t]mepw C∂n-√. Ign™
\mep-h¿jsØ {]h¿Ø\w sIm≠v
C¥y-bn¬ GsX-¶nepw kwÿm-\Øv
B ]m¿´n IqSp- X ¬ P\- ] n- ¥ pW
B¿÷n- ® - X ns‚ H‰ DZm- l - c Ww
t]mepw FSp-Øp-Im-´m-\p-an-√. Cu Xncn®-dn-hp-sIm-≠mImw Ign™ GXm\pw
amk-ß-fn¬ Nne P\-{]nb \S-]-Sn-

Iƒ°p tIm¨{Kkv XpS°w Ipdn-®X
- .v
]s£ AXns‚ {]`-sbms° cmPyØp
Npg-‰n-bS- n-°p∂ AXn-`o-Ic- a- mb hne-°b‰w XI¿sØ-dn-™n-cn-°p-Ib
- m-W.v Cu
hn]Øp ap≥Iq´n I≠p \S-]-Sn-Iƒ
kzoI-cn-°m-ØXp Imc-Ww, 100 tImSn
P\-߃ Fcn-Xo-bn¬ \n∂p hd-N-´nbn¬ ]Xn® \ne-bn-em-Wv. temIsØ
Hcp cmPyhpw `£y-[m-\y-ßfpsS Ib‰p-aXn A\p-h-Zn-°mØ Akm-[m-c-Wamb {]Xn-k‘
- n-bn-te°p \oßn-s°m≠n-cn-°p-Ib
- m-W.v AsXm∂pw tIm¨{Kkn\v Hcp hnj-bta A√. `£y[m\y߃ Ib- ‰ nb temdn- I ƒ FØp∂XpImØv P\-߃ thgm-º-ens\
t]mse \n¬°p∂ ÿnXn-bmWv C∂p
cmPy-Øn¬ ]e `mK-Øpap≈-Xv. Ahcmcpw cmlp-se∂ "bph-cm--Pmhn's\ hcth¬°m-\√ ImØp-\n¬°p-∂X
- .v ...
C¥y- b n¬ alm- ` q- c n- ] £w
kwÿm-\ß
- f
- nepw tIm¨{Kkv CXca-{¥n-k-`-I-fmWv Zim-_vZ-Øn-te-sdbmbn `cWw \S-Øp-∂-Xv. F∂mepw
cmPyØv C∂pw G‰hpw kzm[o-\a- p≈

12

]m¿´n tIm¨{Kkv Xs∂-bmWv. ]s£
cmPy- Ø n- t ‚tbm P\- ß - f p- s Stbm
`mhnsb _m[n-°p∂ hnj-b-ßtf°mƒ tIm¨{Kkv t\Xr-XzsØ aYn°p-∂Xv IpSpw-_h
- mgvN Xncn®p sIm≠ph-cp-∂X
- ns‚ taml-ßf
- m-W.v F´p h¿j°mew tI{μ-Ønepw, AXn-ep-ta-sd°mew `qcn-]£w kwÿm-\ß
- f
- nepw
tIm¨{K- n\p A[n-Imcw \jvSs- ∏-´Xv
IpSpw-_h
- m-gN
v °v `wKw h∂-Xp-sIm-≠√. tIm¨{K-kn\p _Z-embn P\-߃
A[n- I m- c - Ø n- t e- ‰ nb ]m¿´n- I ƒ
s°m∂n\pw IpSpw- _ - h m- g v N - b psS
]n≥_-eh
- p-an-√. F¥p IpSpw-_h
- m-gvNbpsS ]n≥_-eØ
- n-emWv ]›n-a_
- w-Kmfn¬ aq∂p ]Xn-‰m-≠n-te-sd-bmbn CSXp-]£
- Ø
- n\p XpS¿®-bmbn A[n-Imcw
ssIøm-fm≥ Ign-bp-∂Xv? IpSpw-_h
- mgvNb
- psS cY-Øn¬ tkmWnbmKm‘nbpw cmlp¬Km‘n-bpw {]nb¶m Km‘nbpw Ign™ h¿jw \S∂ \nb-ak
- `m
sXc-s™-Sp-∏n¬ DØ¿{]-tZ-ins\ DgpXp- a - d n- ® n´pw B kwÿm- \ sØ
thm´¿am-cn¬ 8.53 iX-am\w am{Xta
tIm¨{Kkn\p thm´p sNbvXp≈q!
]Xn‰m≠pIƒ tIm¨{K-kns‚ Xncphmbv ° p FXn¿hm- b n- √ m- X n- c p∂
kwÿm-\a- m-Wt√m bp ]n. kao-]I
- mesØ GsX-¶nepw sXc-s™-Sp-∏n¬
B kwÿm\w tIm¨{K-kn\v A\p-Iqe-amIpw F∂p Icp-Xp-∂p-an-√. G‰hpw
HSp- h n¬ c≠mgvN apºp c≠p
temIvk`m ko‰n-te°pw aq∂p \nb-ak`m ko‰n-te°pw \S∂ sXc-s™-Sp∏n¬ tIm¨{K-kn-s\bpw _n sP
]nsbbpw P\-߃ aqe-°n-cp-Øn. apgph≥ ko‰pw ambm-h-Xn-bpsS _n Fkv
]n XqØp-hm-cn. cmlp¬ Km‘n°p Hcp
Xcw-Khpw AhnsS krjvSn-°m-\m-bn-√.
thm´n\p th≠n BZn-hm-kn-I-tfmSv
NßmØw ImWn-°p-Ibpw Ahsc
sI´n ]pW-cp-Ibpw sNøp∂ cmlp¬
Km‘n B K‘w ico-c-Øn¬ \n∂p

ambm-hXn

2008 sabv 9

IgpIn If-bm≥ {]tXyI kpK‘
tkm∏v cl-ky-ambn IcpXn h®n-´ps≠∂ ambm-hX
- n-bpsS Ipdn-°p-sIm≠
Bt£-]a- mWv P\-߃ sNhn-s°m-≠Xv.
cmlp¬ Km‘n- C¥y-bpsS {][m\-a-{¥n-bm-Im≥ k¿h-Ym-tbm-Ky-\msW∂ A¿÷p≥ knwKns‚ shfn-]mSv
tIm¨{Kkv cmjv{So-bØ
- n¬ ]Xn-hp≈
apJ-kvXp-Xn-bpsS ]pfn-®p-Xn-I-´¬
BsW-∂-Xn¬ X¿°-ap-≠m-In-√. Cu
]pXnb Ah-Xmcw C¥y≥ cmjv{So-bØn¬ Imep IpØn-bn´p Xs∂ \mte
\mep h¿jta BIp-∂p-≈q. Ign™
temIvk`m sXc-s™-Sp-∏n-em-Wt√m
""e£-W-samØ'' Cu {][m-\-a{¥n
ÿm\m¿∞n- b psS cwK- { ]- t h- i w.
\o≠Im-esØ hntZ-ih
- mkw Ign™p
sXc-s™-Sp-∏n¬ IÆpsh®p Xs∂bmWv cmlp¬ Km‘n C¥y-bn¬ Xncns®-Øn-bX
- v. tIm¨{K-kns‚ IpØI
ko‰mb Ata-Øn-bn¬ hnPbw I≠p.
2006¬ sslZ-cm-_mZv F sF kn kn
ktΩ-f\amb-t∏m-tg°pw cmlp-ens\
]m¿´n- b psS GsX- ¶ nepw D∂X
ÿm\Øp Ah- t cm- [ n- ° - W - s a∂
i_vZw Db¿Øn D]-Pm-]I hrμw
tkmWn- b sb kpJn- ∏ n- ® p. CXp
tIm¨{Kkv thZn-If
- nse ]Xnhp \mSI-am-W.v B ktΩ-f\
- Ø
- n¬ cmlpen\p
th≠n tImem-lew Iq´n-b-h¿°p
tkmWnb \¬Inb adp-]Sn C{]-Im-cam-bn-cp∂p: "" \nß-fpsS A`n-emjw
Rm≥ am\n-°m-Xn-cn-°n-√. \nßsf
Rm≥ ssIsøm-gn-bp-Ib
- n√'' t\csØ
Xøm-dm°n sh® Hcp Xnc-°-Y-bpsS
Bhn-jI
v m-ca- m-bn-cp∂p CXv.
tkmWn-b°p Cu A`n-emjw \ndth-‰n-s°m-Sp-°m≥ 2007 sk]vXw-_¿ 24
hsc ka-b-sa-Sp-t°≠n h∂p F∂p
am{Xw. A∂mWv cmlp¬ Km‘nsb F
sF kn kn P\-d¬ sk{I-´-dn-bmbn
Ah-tcm-[n-®-Xv. 2007 \hw-_¿ F´n\p
tN¿∂ tIm¨{Kkv {]h¿ØI
kanXn tbmK-Øn¬ cmlpens‚ I∂n
km∂n-[yhpw D≠m-bn-cp-∂p. cmlpens\ t]mse C{X Npcp-ßnb kabw
sIm≠p Cu ÿm\-sØØnb a‰msc-¶nepw D≠m-Iptam F∂p kwi-bam-W.v
cmjv{So-b-Øn¬ cmlp-en-\p≈
{]mho-Wyhpw A\p-`-hhpw F{Xsb∂p Xncn-®-dn-bmØ aqV≥am-c√
C¥y-bnse \qdp-tImSn P\-߃. 2004
P\p-hc
- n-bn¬ AtaØn temIvk`- m-aWvUew ]cy-S-\-Øn\p t]mb-t∏m-

gmWv cmlp¬ cmjv{So-bØ
- n-te-°p≈
BZy Nph-Sp-Iƒ sh®-Xv. am[ya{]h¿
Ø-I-cpsS tNmZy-Øn\p adp-]-Sn-bmbn
cmlp¬ Km‘n C{]-Imcw ]d™p:
""F\n°p cmjv{So-b-tØmSp hnc‡n
H∂p--an-√. Ft∏mƒ cmjv{So-b-Øn¬
{]th-in-°-W-sat∂m, AX-s√-¶n¬
AXns‚ Bhiyw Ds≠∂pt]meptam
Rm≥ CXp-hsc Xocp-am-\n-®n-´n√''
]s£ aq∂p-amkw Ign-™t- ∏mƒ Xs∂
cmlp¬ temIvk`m ÿm\m¿∞n-bm-bn.
cmlp-en¬ e£-W-samØ Hcp
{][m-\-a-{¥nsb ImWp∂ A¿÷p≥
knwKv \q‰m- ≠ ntesd {]mb- a p≈
tIm¨{K- ns\ am{X-a√ C¥ysb
Xs∂ \nμn-°p-I-bm-Wv. Hcp icm-icn
C¥y≥ ]uc\v cmlp-en-s\-°p-dn®p
F¥mWv Adn-hp-≈Xv? cmjv{Sob Imcyß-fn¬ Ncn-{X-Øn\p \nc-°mØ ]ºc-hn-UV
v n-Øß
- fpw kwL-S\m Imcy-ßfn¬ Bcpw aq°Øp hnc¬sh®p
t]mIp∂ {]Jym-]\
- ß
- fpw \S-Øp∂
Cu kz]v\m-S\
- °
- m-cs‚ ssIøn¬ Cu
cmPyw AI-s∏-´m¬ F¥mhpw ÿnXn?
s\{lp IpSpw-_Ø
- ns‚ al-Ømb
ss]Xr-I-sØbpw cmPy-Øn\p B
IpSpw_w \¬Inb kw`m-h\
- I
- s
- fbpw
Ipdn®v ASp-Ø-bnsS cmlp¬ Km‘n
Fgp-∂-≈n® ]ºc hnUvVn-Ø-߃
cmPy-Øn-\-IØpw ]pdØpw Gsd
hnhm-Z-߃ krjvSn-®n-cp-∂p. ]mInkv X ms\ c≠mbn hn`- P n- ® - X mWv
s\{lp IpSpw-_Ø
- ns‚ G‰hpw henb
t\´-sa-∂mWv cmlp¬ ASp-Ø-bnsS
Ah-Im-is- ∏-´X
- .v hnJymX Ncn-{X-Im-c≥
C¿^m≥ l_o_v AS-°-ap-≈-h¿
CXns\ AXn-cq-£a- mbn hna¿in-®n´pw
cmlp¬ sX‰p XncpØn-bn-s√∂v am{Xa√ tIm¨{Kkv CXns\ \ymbo-I-cn°p-Ibpw sNbvXp. ]mIn-kvXm\pw
_w•m-tZipw Htc-t]mse Cu {]kvXmh\-s°-Xnsc {]Xn-Ic- n-®p. s\{lp-Ip-Spw_-Øn¬ Bsc-¶nepw tI{μ-`-c-WØn¬ D≠m-bn-cp-s∂-¶n¬ _m_vdn
akvPnZv XI¿°-s∏-Sn-√m-bn-cp∂p F∂
cmlp-ens‚ s]cpw \pWbpw Gsd
hnhmZw krjvSn-®n-cp-∂p. _m_dn
akvPn-Zn\p ap∂n¬ s\lvdphns‚
Imew apX¬ AS-®n-´n-cp∂ sslμh
Bcm-[-\m-ebw Xpd-∂p-sIm-Sp-ØXv
cmPohv Km‘n-bm-bn-cp∂p F∂ Ncn{X
bmYm¿∞yw t]mepw Cu "bph-cm-Pmhv'
]Tn- ® n- ´ n- s √- ∂ ¿∞w. AXmWv
A¿÷p≥ knwKv ]d-bp∂ "e£-WsamØ {][m-\-a-{¥n-bpsS sshinjvSyw.'

13

hni-Ie
- \w

tIm¨{K-kns‚ {][m-\-a{¥n
ÿm\m¿∞n-bmbn Bcpw
{]W-_vZmtb {]Xo-£n-°p-∂n-√.
B No´v tkmWn-bm-Km‘n
Ign-™-h´w Xs∂ Iodn.
F∂m¬ ASpØ temIvk`m
sXc-s™-Sp-∏n\v
tijw {]W_vZm
{][m-\-a-{¥n-bm-In-s√∂v
B¿°pw Dd-∏n-°m-\m-In-√.
AXp tkmWn-bm-Km-‘n-bpsS
]n≥_-e-Øn¬
BIWsa∂n√.
sXc-s™-Sp-∏n¬ B¿°pw
`qcn-]£w C√m-Xm-bm¬
tIm¨{Kkv CXc I£n-Iƒ
apt∂m´v hbv°p∂ Hcp
{][m\ t]cv {]W_v
Zmbp-tS-Xm-bn-°qsS-∂n-√.
cmjv{Sob NXp-cw-K-°-fn-bn¬
hnim-c-Z-\mWv {]W-_vZm.

{]W_v Zm
ZØp ]p{X-\m-Iptam?
cmjv{Sob teJ-I≥

tIm

¨{K v tZiob tIm¨{K- p-Im¿ hnti-jn-∏n-°p-∂X
- v. t∏mƒ {]W-_Zv m-bpsS {]Xn-Ic- W
- sØ
t\Xm-°f
- n¬ ]mWvUn-Xy-Ønepw `cW ap≥ {][m-\-a{¥n ]n hn \c-knw-l- ]ecpw kwi-b-Zr-jvSn-tbm-sS-bmWv
ss\]p-Wy-Ønepw cmjv{Sob \bX-{¥- dmhphnt\mSv Xmc-Xayw sNømhp-∂- t\m°n-°-≠-Xv. cmlp¬ Km‘nsb
Ønepw A\p-`h ]mc-ºcyØnepw XmWv {]W_v apJ¿Pn-bpsS hn⁄m\ {][m-\-a{¥n ÿm\-tØ°v Db¿Øn
]m¿e- s a‚dn {]h¿Ø- \ - Ø nepw {]]-©w. a\- n-ep-≈Xv B¿°pw ]nSn- Im´nb A¿÷p≥knßns‚ A`n-{]m-bh≥InS tIm¿]-td‰v hyh-km-bn-If
- p-am- sIm-Sp-°mØ {]W_v apJ¿Pn-bpsS tØmSmWv {]W_v Zm A\p-Iq-en-°p∂bp≈ \nc- ¥ c kl- h m- k - Ø nepw NmXpcyw {]kn-≤w.
sX-¶nepw AXmcpw apJ-hn-eb
- sv °-Sp-°p{]W_v apJ¿Pn-tbmSv InS-]n-Sn-°p-∂G{]n¬ a[y-Øn¬ tIm¨{Kkv ∂n-√.
h¿ thsd-bn-√. ""k©-cn-°p∂ hn⁄m- `mhn {][m-\a- {- ¥nsb kw_-‘n®v A\tIm¨{K- k ns‚ {][m- \ - a {¥n
_m_pdmwb`´dmbvBcpw {]W\-tImiw'' F∂mWv Cu 73 Imcs\ h-k-c-Øn-semcp N¿®bv°v XpS-°-an-´- tUm.
ÿm\m¿∞nmbn
I¨h-o\¿, dh-eyq-jW
- dn Iu¨kn¬
hnt\m-Zn\n _me-Ir-jW
v ≥
2008 sabv 9

14

_vZmtb {]Xo-£n-°p-∂n-√. B No´v
tkmWn-bm-Km‘n Ign-™h
- ´w Xs∂
Iodn. F∂m¬ ASpØ temIvk`m
sXc-s™-Sp-∏n\v tijw {]W_vZm
{][m-\-a-{¥n-bm-In-s√∂v B¿°pw Dd∏n-°m-\m-In-√. AXp tkmWn-bm-Km-‘nbpsS ]n≥_-eØ
- n¬ BIWsa-∂n-√.
sXc-s™-Sp-∏n¬ B¿°pw `qcn-]£w
C√m-Xm-bm¬ tIm¨{Kkv CXc I£nIƒ apt∂m´v hbv°p∂ Hcp {][m\
t]cv {]W_v Zmbp-sS-Xm-bn-°q-sS-∂n-√.
cmjv{Sob NXp-cw-K°
- f
- n-bn¬ hnim-cZ- \mWv {]W-_vZm. ASpØ temIvk`
sXc-s™-Sp-∏n¬ GsX-¶nepw I£n°v
H‰bv°v `qcn-]£w In´n√ F∂-Xpt]mse GsX-¶nepw kJy-Øn\pw
tIhe `qcn-]£w In´-Ws
- a∂pw C√.
Ign™ temI-k`m sXc-s™Sp∏v ^etØmSv Gsd kmay-ap≈ _em-_ew
Bbn- c n°pw ]pXnb k`- b nepw
F∂mWv s]mXpth Icp-X-s∏-Sp-∂-Xv.
GXv kJyw `cWw ssIbm-fp-sa-∂Xv
sXc-s™-Sp∏v ^e-Øn\p tij-ap≈
\o°p-t]m-°p-Isf B{i-bn-®mIpw.
ho≠pw Hcp tIm¨{Kkv {][m-\a- {¥n
A[n-Im-cØ
- n¬ hcp-∂Xv XS-bm≥ GXv
kJy- Ø n\pw ZsØ- S p- ° m- h p∂
ÿm\m¿∞n {]W_v apJ¿Pn Bbn°q-sS-∂n-√. F¬ sI AZzm-\n°v
km[y-X-bn-s√∂v h∂m¬ _n sP ]n
t]mepw {]W_v Zmsb kzoI-cn-t®°pw. Cu km[y- X - I - s f√mw
I≠dn™p Xs∂-bmWv {]W_v Zm
Icp-°ƒ \o°p-∂X
- .v
cmlp¬ Km‘nsb {][m-\-a{¥n
ÿm\m¿∞n-bmbn Db¿Øn-°m-´p-∂Xn¬ X\n°v tbmPn-∏m-Wp-≈-sX∂
{]W-_ns‚ ]c-ky-{]-Jym-]\w Ießnb sh≈-Øn¬ ao≥ ]nSn-°m-\p≈
X{¥-amtb {]W_v Zmsb Adn-bm-hp∂-h¿ ImWp-∂p-≈q. cmlp¬ Km‘n-sb°mƒ ]Iz-Xbpw t\Xr-]m-Shhpw P\]n-¥p-Wbpw D≠m-bn-cp∂ cmPohv
Km‘nsb Cμn-cm-Km‘n h[n-°-s∏-´t∏mƒ ]n≥Km-an-bmbn {]Jym-]n-®Xns\
]c-ky-ambn FXn¿Ø ]mc-º-cy-ap≈
t\Xm-hmWv {]W_v Zm. Cμncm klXm-]X
- c
- wKw cmPy-ØmsI sImSp-¶m‰v
t]mse hoip-tºmgpw B Xocp-am\sØ tNmZyw sNbvX GI tIm¨{Kkv t\Xmhpw {]W_v Xs∂. CXn\v
]It]m°m≥ {]W-_ns\ ]pXnb
a{¥n-k`- b
- n¬ \n∂v cmPo-hK
v m‘n AI‰n-\n¿Øp-Ibpw sNbvXp. Cu sshcw
h¿[n-®mWv sI Icp-Wm-Ic- ≥ tkmWnbtbmSv CS™v ]pXnb ]m¿´n cq]o-I2008 sabv 9

cmlp¬ Km‘nsb {][m-\-a{¥n ÿm\m¿∞n-bmbn
Db¿Øn-°m-´p-∂-Xn¬ X\n°v tbmPn-∏m-Wp-≈-sX∂ {]W-_ns‚
]c-ky-{]-Jym-]\w Ie-ßnb sh≈-Øn¬ ao≥ ]nSn-°m-\p≈ X{¥amtb {]W_v Zmsb Adn-bm-hp-∂-h¿ ImWp-∂p-≈q. cmlp¬ Km‘nsb-°mƒ ]Iz-Xbpw t\Xr-]m-Shhpw P\-]n-¥p-Wbpw D≠m-bn-cp∂
cmPohv Km‘nsb Cμn-cm-Km‘n h[n-°-s∏-´-t∏mƒ ]n≥Km-an-bmbn
{]Jym-]n-®Xns\ ]c-ky-ambn FXn¿Ø ]mc-º-cy-ap≈
t\Xm-hmWv {]W_v Zm.

cn-®Xv t]mse {]W_v apJ¿Pn kz¥w
am¿§w Is≠-Øn-b-Xv. cmPohv Km‘n
h[n-°s- ∏-Spw-hsc {]W-_n\v tIm¨{Kkn¬ ÿm\-ap-≠m-bn-cp-∂n-√. ]n hn \cknw-l-dmhp {][m-\-a-{¥n-bmb tijamWv {]W-_ns\ tIm¨{Kkn¬ ]p\c-[n-hk
- n-∏n-®Xv. BZyw Bkq-{X-WI
- Ωn-js‚ D]m-[y-£\
- mbpw ]n∂oSv Hcp
h¿j-tØmfw tI{μ-a{- ¥n-k`- mw-Ka- mbpw
{]W_v {]h¿Øn-®p. A¿Pp≥kn-ßv,
F≥ Un Xnhm-cn, Pn sI aq∏-\m¿ XpSßn-bh
- ¿ hnaX tIm¨{K-kp-Iƒ cq]oI- c n- ® - t ∏mgpw am[- h - d m- h p- k n- ‘ y,
cmtPjv ss]e-‰v, sI Icp-Wm-I-c≥,
koXmdmw tIkcn XpS-ßn-bh
- ¿ \c-knwl-dm-hp-hn¬ \n∂v AI-∂p-t]m-bt∏mgpw dmhp-hn-s\m∏w {]W_v Dd-®p\n-∂p. Im‰v tkmWn-bK
- m-‘n°v A\pIq-e-am-sW∂v I≠-t∏mƒ DS≥ Imev
am‰n Nhn´n kz¥w ÿm\w ho≠pw Dd∏n-®p. tkmWn-bm-Km‘n kPo-hc- m-j{v Sob-Øn-te°v Nph-Sp-h®
- Xv {]W-_ns‚
cmjv{Sob in£-W-Øn-emsW∂mWv
Icp-Xs- ∏-Sp-∂Xpw.
F∂m¬ ]e \ne-bnepw tUm.
a≥tam-l≥knßns\-°mƒ {]mK¬`yap≈ {]W-_ns\ F¥p-sIm≠v {][m\-a{¥n ]Z-Øn-te°v \n¿t±-in-®n√
F∂Xv {]W_v F{X-tØmfw X\n°v
Iogv s ∏- ´ p- \ n¬°pw F∂ Bi¶
tkmWn-bbv°v D≈-Xp-sIm-≠p-X-s∂bm-Wv. cmjv{S-]-Xn-sb-°≠v ]pXnb
{][m- \ - a - { ¥n- b psS \nb- a - \ - ° Øv
hmßm≥ t]mIpw-hsc tUm a≥taml≥kn-ßmWv ]pXnb {][m-\a- {- ¥n-sb∂ Imcyw tkmWnb cl-ky-am°n
sh®p-sh-∂p-≈Xpw Ncn-{X-Øns‚ `mKam-Wn-∂.v tkmWn-bm-Km-‘nsb {][m-\a-{¥n-bmbn \nb-an-®p-sIm-≠p≈ IØv
t\csØ Xøm-dm°n h®n-cp-∂Xv cmjv{S]Xn tUm. A_vZp¬I-em-an\v Ncn-{X-

Øns‚ Nh-‰p-sIm-´-bn-te°v Fdn-tb≠nbpw h∂p.
cmPohv Km‘n {]W-_ns\ AI-‰n\n¿Øn-bXv A\njvSw Imc-W-am-sW¶n¬ tkmWnb {][m-\-a-{¥n-bpsS
Itkc \ntj-[n-®Xv ]q¿Æ-hn-izmkw
{]W-_n¬ C√m-ØX
- p-sIm-≠p-Xs-∂.
tUm. a≥tam-l≥kn-ßn-s\-t∏mse
HutZym- K nI Pohn- X - Ø n¬ \n∂v
cmjv{So-bØ
- n-te°v Imse-Sp-Øp-sh®
Bf√ {]W_v Zm. tIm¨{K- n¬
Gsd ]mc-ºc- y-ap≈ IpSpw-_Ø
- n-emWv
{]W-_ns‚ P\-\w. A—≥ sI sI
apJ¿Pn 1920 apX¬ tIm¨{K- ns‚
kPo-h-{]-h¿Ø-I-≥ Bbn-cp-∂p. F
sF kn kn AwKhpw. kzmX-{¥y-ka- c- Øn¬ ]s¶-Sp-Ø-Xn\v ]Øp-h¿jw
Pbn-en-ep-am-bn. {]W_v apJ¿Pn-bpsS
A°m-Za- n°v _ncp-Zß
- fpw IÆ-©n-∏n°p-∂Xm-Wv. thƒUv _m¶v, sF Fw
F^v, Gjy≥ sUh-e-∏vsa‚ v _m¶v
XpS-ßnb km{am-PyXz [\-Im-cy-ÿm-]\-ßf
- n¬ ]e L´-ßf
- n-embn D∂-X]
- Z-hn-Ifpw At±lw Iøm-fn-bn-´p-≠.v 1984
¬ ""bqtdm aWn'' amK-kn≥ {]W-_ns\
temIsØ G‰hpw anI® [\-a-{¥nbmbn sXc-s™-Sp-Øn-cp-∂p. CsXm-s°bm-sW-¶nepw \mev]Xp h¿jsØ
]m¿e-sa‚dn Pohn-XØ
- n¬ P\-ßf
- psS
thm´v t\Sn {]W_v Zm ]m¿e-sa‚n¬
BZy- a mbn FØn- b Xv Ign™
temIvk`m sXc-s™-Sp-∏n-em-bn-cp-∂p.
AtX-hsc cmPy-k`- b
- m-bn-cp∂p ic-Ww.
ASpØ temIvk`m sXc-s™-Sp∏v
^ew ]pd-Øp-h-cp-tºmƒ {]W_v Zm
GXv I£n-bpsS As√-¶n¬ kJyØns‚ ZØp- ] p- { X- \ m- I p- s a- ∂ Xv
cmjv{Sob \nco-£I
- ¿ D‰p-t\m-°pIbmWv. CSXp-]-£-Øn-s‚bpw aq∂mw
ap∂Wnbp-sSbpw ]¶v CXn¬ \n¿Æmb-Ia- m-Ipw.

15

Ih¿tÃmdn

""sIm√v B \mb-sb,
Ah-s\mcp
cmjv{So-b-°m-c-\mWv''
F≥ kpK-X≥

X

s‚ Ihn-Xsb \ncq-]-I¿
\n¿Zm-£nWyw hna¿in-°p-∂Xp I≠p
ka-\n-es- X-‰n-bn-´m-hW
- w, AXn-{]-ik
- X
v \m-sbmcp P¿a≥ Ihn ]≠v Cßs\
Bt{Im-in-°p-Ib
- p-≠mbn: ""sIm√v B
\mb-sb, Ah≥ Hcp kmln-Xy-hn-a¿iI-\m-W.v '' AXns‚ Zp¿_-em-\p-Ic- W
- ß
- fmb hna¿i-t\m-]m-ew-`-߃ C∂pw
Ahn-S-hnsS Db¿∂p-tIƒ°m-dp-s≠¶nepw h[m-lzm-\ß
- ƒ ]Xn-hn-√. CubnsS-bmbn ChnsS, Cu tIc-fØ
- n¬ a\p-

2008 sabv 9

jys‚ as‰mcp hnti-jh
- y-hl
- m-cØ
- n\pw, AXn-te¿s∏-Sp-∂h
- ¿°p-sa-Xnsc
CtX amXn-cn-bp≈ h[m-lzm\w \msf
Db¿t∂-°m-sa∂v Bi-¶-s∏-Sp-Øpwhn[w \nμm-]-cn-lm-k-߃ Db¿∂psIm-≠n-cn-°p-∂p. cmjv{So-bhpw cmjv{Sob-°m-c\
- p-amWv ChnsS {]Xn-ÿm-\Ø
- .v
cmjv{So-bØ
- n-s\-Xn-cmb Bt£-]hn-a¿i-\ß
- ƒ ChnsS CubnsS am{Xw
XpS-ßn-b-sXm-∂p-a-√. Ch-nsS am{Xw
D≈-Xp-a-√. kvIqfpI-fn¬ Ip´n-Iƒ
cmjv{So-b-ambn kwL-Sn-°p-∂-Xnepw
ka-cß
- f
- n¬ G¿s∏-Sp-∂X
- n-\p-sa-Xn-sc,
sXmgn-en-Sß
- f
- n¬ ]Wn-bm-f¿ kwL-Sn°p-∂-Xn\pw Ah-Im-i-k-a-c-ß-fn¬
G¿s∏- S p- ∂ - X n- \ p- s a- X nsc F√mw
Hfn™pw sXfn-™p-ap≈ Ip‰-]{- X-cN
- \-Ifpw Ip‰-hn-Nm-cW
- I
- fpw A]q¿Δ-amsb-¶nepw in£m-hn-[n-Ifpw ChnsS
Nne ]{X-am-[y-at- Im-SX
- n-If
- n¬ s]mSns]m-Sn-®n-´p-≠v. Ah¿ Xs∂ ]≈n-°qS-ßf
- n¬ cmjv{So-bs
- a∂ Cu AXym-]Øn\v XS-bnSm-\mbn c£n-Xm-°-fpsS
ssIbn¬ Ah-cpsS a°sf X√m≥
Ipdp-hS- n-Ifpw \¬In kvIqƒ Ihm-Sß
- fn¬ Km´v \n¿- Ø p- I bpap≠m- b n.
Aßs\ ]mdmhv \n∂-h¿ Xs∂ AhcpsS a‰v Nne Pohn-Xm-h-iy-߃°v
cmjv{Sob ]cn-lmcw ImWm-\mbn
A∂p- X s∂ kmbm- ” - [ ¿Æ- b n¬
IpØn-bn-cn-°p∂ ImgvNbpw \mw I≠p.
Ah-cn¬ Nne¿ Xs∂ sXm´-SpØp h∂
]©m- b Øv sXc- s ™- S p- ∏ n¬
ÿm\m¿∞n-I-fmbn thm´v sX≠p-It]m-ep-ap-≠mbn!
Ct∂Xm-bmepw \ΩpsS c£n-Xm°-fn¬ _p≤n-im-en-If
- mcpw `mhn-bn-se¶nepw kacw \S-°m≥ km[y-Xb
- p≈
hnZym-e-b-ß-fnsem∂nepw a°-sf

16

tN¿°m-dn-√m-ØX
- n-\m-epw, Bsc-¶nepw
tNmZn- ° m\pw ]d- b m- \ p- a p- s ≠∂v
tXm∂p∂ ]≈n-°q-S-ß-fn¬ H∂pw
kwL-S-\bpw ka-chpw thW-sa∂v
hnZym¿∞n- t \Xm- ° ƒ°v t]mepw
tXm∂m-Ø-Xn-\mepw, Hcp ImeØv
kvIqfn\v ]pd-Øp-\n∂v ]Tn-∏p-ap-S°
- n\pw
It√-dn\pw Blzm\w \¬In-t]m-∂h¿Xs∂ ]©m-bØv saº¿am¿ apX¬
a{¥n-am¿ hsc Bbn,. ka-c-c-lnX
hnZym-eb alXzw D¬tLm-jn-®p-Xp-Sßn-°gn™-Xn-\mepw ""Acm-j{v So-bh
- mZn-Iƒ'' F∂ ]gn tI´p-sIm≠v "IpØI-]-{X'-߃°pw "hnZym-`ym-k-X-ev]c¿'°pw "kzX-{¥-_p-≤n-Po-hn'-Iƒ°pw
H∂pw hnZym-eb cmjv{So-b-sØ-∏‰n
thh-em-Xn-s∏-tS-≠-nhcp∂n-√.
sXmgn¬im-eI
- f
- n-sebpw Irjn-bn-Sß
- fn-sebpw ÿnXnbpw hnZym-eb
- ß
- f
- n-seb{X cmjv{So-b-ap-‡hpw sXmgn-ep-S-aIƒ°pw `qhp-Sa- I
- ƒ°pw B\-μZ- m-bI
- ambn Ign-™n-´n-s√-¶nepw B Zni-bn¬
\oßn- Ø p- S - ß n- b n- ´ p- ≠ v . CsX√mw
sIm≠m-hWw GXm\pw h¿j-߃°v
apsº-∂-t]mse Acm-jv{So-b-hmZw
AXns‚ ]mc-ºc- y-mh
- I
- m-in-If
- n¬ \n∂v
A{X Bth-i]
- q¿Δw Db¿∂p-tIƒ°p∂n-√. AXn-t∏mƒ AXym-th-i]
- q¿Δw
Db¿Øn-s°m-≠n-cn-°p-∂Xv as‰mcp Iq´cm-W.v cmjv{So-b°
- m¿ Xs∂!
apºpw cmjv{So-b-°m¿ cmjv{So-bsØ- X-≈n-∏d- b
- p-∂h
- c- psS H∏w IqSn-bn´p-≠t√m F∂m-sW-¶n¬, AXv icn-bmWv. Cc-tbm-sSm∏w InX-t®m-Sp-Ibpw
th´-°m-c-t\m-sSm∏w ]n¥p-S-cp-Ibpw
sNøp∂ B Cc-´-Øm∏v Chn-sS \n¿e÷w XpS¿∂p-t]m-∂Xv _q¿jzm
cmjv{So-bam-Wv. _q¿jzm cmjv{So-bØns‚ e£-Ws- amØ tIc-fo-bm-hX
- mc-amb tIm¨{Kkv cmjv{So-ba- m-W.v AhcmWnhnsS Cu sFIy-tI-c-f-Øns‚
Ncn- { X- Ø n- e m- Z y- a mbn I£n- c mjv{Sobmhiy-Øn\v am{X-ambn Hcp
hnZym¿∞n kwL-S\ cq]o-Ic- n-°p-Ibpw
Hcp ssIbn¬ Hc-Wm-k-a-c-ap-{Zm-hmIyhpw adp-ssI-bn¬ I√pw Ih-W-bpambn Ip´n-Isf sXcp-hn-en-d-°n-hn-SpIbpw sNbvX-Xv. Ah¿ Xs∂bmWv
c≠p Zi-I-ß-fn-e-[nIw Imew tIc-fØn¬ Atßm-fa- n-tßm-fa- p≈ kvIqfpI-fnepw tImtf-Pp-If
- nepw ""Gjy-bnse
G‰hpw henb hnZym¿∞n kwL-S\''
bpsS \oe-]-Xm-I-bp-ambn k¿Δm-[n]Xyw ssIbmfn hnZym¿∞n cmjv{So-bØns‚ apJ-ap-{Z-If
- mbn ]n¬°m-eØv
Bt£-]h
- n-a¿i-\ß
- ƒ°v CS-bm-°nb

2008 sabv 9

F√m sR´n-°p∂ cmjv{Sob Nph-Sp-am-‰-ßfpw ChnsS Hs∂m-∂mbpw
Iq´-tØm-sSbpw kw`-hn-®p-sIm-≠n-cn-°p-I-bm-Wv. am‰w \n w-ib-amb
Hcp \ne-]m-Smbn ]cn-W-an-°p-∂-Xn\p apºv Nne L´-ß-fp-≈Xv
kq£n®p {i≤n-®mte a\- n-em-Iq. F√m A]-Y-k-©m-c-ßfpw
Aß-s\-bm-Wv. BZyw Nne Hfn-™p-t\m-´-߃. ]n∂oSv Nne
e÷ ]pc≠ ]p©n-cn-Iƒ, sXm´p-sXm-´n√ F∂ a´n¬ Nne
HØp-\o-ß-ep-Iƒ, Hfn™pw ad-™p-ap≈ Nne I≠p-ap-´-ep-Iƒ,
HSp-hn¬ Hcp Hfnhpw adhpw e÷bpw Ass[-cyhpw IqSmsX
F√m-t]-cp-sSbpw ap∂n¬ ssItbmSv ssI satømSv sabv tN¿∂v
\nh¿∂p≈ \nev]v. Chn-sSbpw kw`-hn-°p-∂XnsXm-s°-bm-Wv.
F√m Zpjv{]-hr-Øn-Iƒ°pw Bcw`w
Ipdn-®Xpw AXns‚ ""cmjv{Sob k¬^e-''߃ sImbvsX-Sp-ØX
- pw. CS-Xp-]£
- hn-Zym¿∞n cmjv{Sobw C°m-e-ß-fnsems° ]n∂mse apS-¥n-sb-Øp-∂tX
D≠m-bn-cp-∂p-≈q. F¨]-Xp-I-fpsS
XpS°w apX- e v ° mWv tIc- f ob
hnZym¿∞n cmjv{So-bØ
- n\v CS-Xp-]£
- ta¬ss° Dd-∏m-bn-Xp-Sß
- p-∂X
- v. bphP-\c
- m-jv{So-bØ
- ns‚ IYbpw as‰m-∂√. F∂mepw C°m- e - s Ø√mw
tIm¨{Kkv cmjv{Sobw Htc kabw IdXo¿∂ I£n-cm-j{v Sobw Xs∂ Ifn-°pIbpw Acm-jv{So-b-hm-Z-tØm-sSm∏w
\n∂v ta\n \Sn-°p-Ibpw sNbvXp-t]m∂n-´p-≠v. ""R߃°v cmjv{So-b-an-√,
Rß-sf√mw ]≠p apXte tIm¨{KkmWv'' F∂ ]gb \mS≥ ^en-XØ
- n\n-W-ßp∂ Cusbmcp I]-S-\n-e-]mSv
kzoI-cn-°msX hnZym-eb
- Ø
- n-em-bmepw
hyh-km-bi
- m-eb
- n-em-bmepw Irjn-ÿe-Øm-bmepw as‰-hn-sS-bm-bmepw Hcp
B[p-\nI ]uc-ka- q-lØ
- n\v cmjv{Sobw
IqSntb Xocq F∂pw AXns\ \nμn-°pIbpw \ncm-Ic- n-°p-Ibpw sNøp∂ Acmjv{So-bh
- m-Za- msI, \n£n]vX
- X
- m-ev]c
- yß-fpsS \nKq-Vcm-jv{Sobw am{X-amsW∂pw Dd®p Nn¥n®pw hmZn®pw
t]m∂Xv CS-Xp-]£
- ]
- p-tcm-Ka- \ cmjv{Sob-i-‡n-Ifpw {]ÿm-\-ßfpamWv.
henb \jvS-ßfpw [mcmfw IjvS-XIfpw G‰p-hm-ßn-s°m≠v Cu icn-bmb
cmjv{Sob \ne-]mSv apdpsI∏nSn®ncp∂
\ΩpsS IΩyq-WnÃv cmjv{So-bhpw
Ct∏m-gnXm sR´n-°p∂ NphSv am‰-ØneqsS Acm- j v { So- b - X mhm- Z - Ø ns‚
_m\¿ _q¿jzm cmjv{So-b-°m-cn¬
\n∂pw ]c-ºc- m-KX Acm-j{v So-bh
- m-Zn-I-

fn¬ \n∂pw ]nSn-®p-hmßn cmjv{So-bØn-s\-Xn-cmb ]S-b-Wn-bn¬ ap∂-Wn°m-cmbnØo¿∂n-cn-°p∂p!
F√m sR´n-°p∂ cmjv{Sob NphSp-am-‰ß
- fpw ChnsS Hs∂m-∂mbpw Iq´tØm-sSbpw kw`-hn-®p-sIm-≠n-cn-°p-Ibm-Wv. am‰w \n w-ib-amb Hcp \ne]m-Smbn ]cn-Wa- n-°p-∂X
- n\p apºv Nne
L´-ß-fp-≈Xv kq£n®p {i≤n-®mte
a\- n-em-Iq. F√m A]-Y-k-©m-cßfpw Aß-s\-bm-W.v BZyw Nne Hfn™p-t\m-´-߃, ]n∂oSv Nne e÷
]pc≠ ]p©n-cn-Iƒ, sXm´p-sXm-´n√
F∂ a´n¬ Nne HØp-\o-ß-ep-Iƒ,
Hfn™pw ad-™p-ap≈ Nne I≠p-ap-´ep-Iƒ, HSp-hn¬ Hcp Hfnhpw adhpw
e÷bpw Ass[-cyhpw IqSmsX F√mt]-cp-sSbpw ap∂n¬ ssItbmSv ssI
satømSv sabv tN¿∂v \nh¿∂p≈
\nev ] v . Chn- s Sbpw kw`- h n- ° p∂XnsXm-s°-bm-W.v
a{¥n-am-cmbnt∏mbmepS≥
ap≥s]m∂pw C√m-Ø- Hcp `mcn® DØc-hm-Zn-Xz-t_m[w, cmPy-Øns‚ `mhnbmsI Xs‚ tXmfn-e-a¿∂n-cn-°p-IbmWv F∂v Hcp tXm∂¬ Nne cmjv{Sob-t\-Xm-°ƒ°v D≠m-bn-t∏m-Im-dp-≠v.
At∂mfw Xm≥ sNbvXXv H´pan°Xpw
Xs‚ t\Xr-Xz-]Z- hn Dd-b°
v m≥ e£ywsh- ® p- ≈ h am{X- a m- b n- c p- s ∂∂pw
AsXm∂pw hnZq-ca- m-bn-t]mepw s]mXp\-∑-sbtbm cmPy-Xm-ev]-cy-sØtbm
e£y-am-°n-bmbn-cp-∂n-s√-∂p-ap≈ Ip‰t_m[w \nd™ Xncn-®d- nthm Ipº-kmctam BImaXv. Nne¿s°-¶nepw Xm≥
F∂-t∂-bv°p-am-bmWv Cu a{¥n-∏Wnbn¬ \nbp-‡-\m-bn-cn-°p-∂-sX∂
anYym-[m-cW t]mepw D≠m-bn-t∏m-Ipw.

17

Aß-s\-sbms°-bp≈ GtXm am\-knIm-h-ÿ-bn-em-bn-cn-°Ww \ΩpsS
IΩyq-WnÃv a{¥n-am-cn¬ Nne-¿ Hmtcm
s]mXp-NS- ß
- p-If
- n¬ \√ ]n≈-am-cmbn
Na™v hnI- k - \ - I m- c y- ß - f n¬
cmjv{Sobw th≠ F∂v ]d-bp-∂-Xv
Cubn-sS-bmbn ]Xn-hm-°n-bn-´p-≠v.
tIƒ°m≥ \√ Cº-ap≈ hmbvØm-cn.
AXn\v \√ am[ya ]cn-KW
- \
- bpw e`n°p-∂p. Hcmƒ°v e`n-°p∂ B ta\n
X\n°pw thW-sa∂ hmin-tbmsS ASpØ-bmfpw tI´n-cn-°p∂ a‰v I£n-°mcpw
Xmtg°v Xmtg°v hm¿Uv saº¿am¿
hsc-bp-≈h
- cpw CtX ]√hn Bh¿Øn°p-∂p. CsXms° `c-W-`m-c-Øns‚
Hcp AkvIn-Xb
- mbn Icp-Xn Ah-KW
- n®p-I-fbmw F∂v Icp-Xn-bn-cn-°p-tºmgmWv, CXm cmjv{So-bI
- m-cy-ßf
- n¬ ISpI-´n-bmb I¿°-i\
- n-e]
- m-Sp-Iƒ am{Xw
]pe¿Øn-t∏m-cm-dp≈ kn ]n sF Fw
kwÿm\ sk{I-´-dnbpw \nb-a-k-`bpsS kph¿Æ-Pq-_nen BtLm-jß
- fpsS `mK-ambn tN¿∂ skan-\m-dn¬
kw_‘n-®p-sIm≠v s]mXp-Xm-e]
v cyw
kwc-£n-°m≥ cmjv{So-bØ
- n-\X
- o-Xa- mb
ka-hm-bØ
- n-s‚bpw Iq´m-bvab
- p-sSbpw
h‡m-hmbn \ne-bp-d-∏n®v ssIbSn
t\Sn-bn-cn-°p-∂p. t\m°n-\n¬°p-∂h¿°mI-cp-Xv, tPmen sNøp-∂h
- ¿°mIWw Iqen F∂ hfsc icn-bmb Hcp
{]Jym-]\w IqSn \SØn At±lw
DΩ≥Nm-≠n-bpsS IqSn {]iw-kbpw
t\Sn-sb-Sp-Øn-cn-°p-∂p. BsI-°q-Sn,
\mSns‚ apSn-hn\pw apc-Sn-∏n-\p-sams°
Imc-Wa- m-bn-cp∂ cmjv{Sobw F∂ amcWsØ HSp-hn¬ F√m-t]cpw ssIsbmgn™p ssII-gp-In°gn™ Hcp Ahÿ.
sXs‰m∂pw ]d-bm-\n-√. Aß-s\sb-¶n¬ Aßs\. \mSv \∂m-Ip-s∂¶n¬ Aßv \∂m-Is
- ´. hnI-kn-°p-s∂¶n¬ Aßv hnI-kn-°s
- ´. sXmgn-en-√mbvabpw ]´n-Wnbpw hne-°b
- ‰- h
- pw ]Ws∏-cp-∏h
- p-sa√mw ]cn-lc
- n-°s
- ∏-Sp-s∂ßn¬ Aßv ]cn-l-cn-°-s∏-S-s´. \√Xt√? AXn-\m¬ Ip‰-sam∂pw ]d-bp-∂n√. ]g a\- n¬ ]s£ Hgn-bmØ Nne
kwi-bß
- ƒ. BIs´, cmjv{So-bØ
- ns‚
Dd-°-∏m-b-bn¬ Zpxkz]v\w I≠n-s´t∂mWw sR´n-bp-W¿∂n-cp∂v \ΩpsS
Cu t\Xm-°∑
- m-sc√mw cmjv{So-bsØ
X≈n-∏-d-bm≥ F¥mIpw Ct∏mƒ
s]s´-∂p≠mb {]tIm-]\
- w? Ch-cn-∏d- bp∂, \mSns‚ Ct∂m-f-ap≈ Zp¿K-XnIƒs°√mw Imc-W-amb cmjv{Sobw
Ch-scm-s°-Ø-s∂-bt√ ChnsS ]b-

2008 sabv 9

tIc-f-Øns‚ cmjv{So-b-h¬°-c-W-Øns‚ Btcm-Ky-I-c-amb XpS¿®
Is≠Øn kwc-£n-°p-Ibpw apt∂m´p sIm≠p-t]mhp-IbpamWv
tIc-f-Øns‚ ]ptcm-K-Xn°pw hnI-k-\-Øn\p Xs∂bpw
Bh-iy-sa-∂v Hm¿Ωn-∏n-°p-∂-XmWv C∂sØ Ahÿ.
Cu Xncn-®-dnhp≠m-bn-s√-¶n¬ ""sIm√v, B \mbsb, Ah≥
Hcp cmjv{So-b-°m-c-\m-Wv'' F∂v cmjv{Sobw ]d-bp∂ ]pXnb
Xe-ap-dsb t\m°n \ΩpsS cmjv{Sob `c-Wm-[n-Im-cn-Iƒ Xs∂
Bt{Im-in-°p∂ Znhkw hcpw.
‰n-t∏m-∂X
- .v B ]b-‰ns‚ AShp-If
- n¬
]eXpw Xs∂ Ch-cn¬ Nne-cpsS I≠p]n-Sp-Øß
- f
- p-at√? B AS-hp-Iƒ hgn
CtX cmjv{So-b-A¶-ß-fn¬ t\Snb
hnP-bß
- f
- t- √ Ch-sc-sbms° C∂n-cn°p∂ Bk- \ - ß - f n¬ FØn- ® - X v .
AsXms° t]mIs´, tIcfw C∂-Is- ∏´n-cn-°p∂ Acm-jv{Sobh¬°-c-WØns‚ Bg-ß-fpsS kqN-I-ß-fmbn
Ipsd-°qSn Kuch]q¿Δw CØcw {]XnI-c-W-ß-sfbpw kao-]-\-ß-sfbpw
ImtW-≠X
- p-≠.v hnti-jn®pw cmjv{So-bsØ A∂∂v kuIcyw t]mse FSpØ-Wn-bm-hp-∂Xpw Agn-®p-hb
- °
v m-hp-∂Xp-amb Ip∏m-bß
- s- f-∂X
- n-\∏
- pdw B[p\nI cmjv{S-hn-[m-\hpw ]uc-∑mcpw XΩnep≈ Agn-bm-_‘
- Ø
- ns‚ imkv{Xhpw
Ie-bp-ambn Icp-Xn-t∏m-cp∂ IΩyq-WnÃpIm-cn¬ \n∂p-t]mepw D≠m-bn-°mWp∂ Nph-Sp-am-‰ß
- ƒ \sΩ IqSp-X¬
PmK-cq-Ic- m-t°-≠X
- p-≠.v
tIc-f-Øns‚ B[p-\nI Ncn-{XamsI ]cn-tim-[n-®m¬ ImWm≥ Ignbp∂ {]mY-an-Ia- mb Hcp kXyw, AXv
AXns‚ Ncn-{X-Øn-em-Zy-ambn am\p-jnI-amb Hcp kaq-l-ambn hnI-kn-®Xv
]sØm-ºXmw \q‰m-≠ns‚ A¥y-]m-ZØnepw Ccp-]Xmw \q‰m-≠ns‚ BZy]m-Z-Øn-ep-ambn Hcp Ac-\q-‰m-≠n-e[nIw ImesØ \thm-∞m\ ]cn-{i-aß- f p- s Sbpw ]n∂o- S n- t ßm´v 1970
Itfmfw \o≠ Ac-\q-‰m≠p ImesØ
CS-Xp-]£
- t- \-Xr-Xz-Øn-ep≈ cmjv{So-bh¬°-cW
- Ø
- n-s‚bpw ^e-am-bn-´m-Wv
F∂-Xt{X. B \thm-∞m-\Ø
- n-s‚bpw
B cmjv{So-b-h¬°-c-W-Øn-s‚bpw
ap{Zm-hm-Iy-߃ A\p-]q-cI
- ß
- f
- m-bn-cp∂p. Ah c≠pw a\p-jy¿ A`n-ap-Jo-Icn-°p∂ \m\m-hn[ {]iv\ß
- sf kmaqln-Ia- mbn \n¿h-Nn-°m-\mWv {ian-®X
- .v
Ahbv°v kmaq-ln-I-amb ]cn-lmcw
At\z-jn-°p-Ib
- p-amWv sNbvXX
- v. B
]cn-lmcw \thm-∞m-\L
- ´- Ø
- n¬ GItZ-ia- mbpw ]n¬°m-eØv ka-{K-ambpw

cmjv{So-bs
- a∂v Xncn-®d- n-bs
- ∏-´n-´p-ap≠v.
{]Xy-£-Øn¬ cmjv{So-b-sa∂p
hnfn-°-s∏-Sp∂ {]tXy-I-k-μ¿`-ß-fnte°pw {]h¿Ø-\ß
- f
- n-te°pw ]cn-anX-s∏-Sp-Øn-s°m-≠√ tIc-f-Øns‚
kmaq- l n- I - h ¬°- c Ww AXns‚
cmjv{Sob kz`mhw kwÿm-]n-®-Xv.
hy‡n-Po-hn-XØ
- ns‚bpw IpSpw-_P
- o-hnX-Øn-s‚bpw kaq-lP
- o-hn-XØn-s‚bpw
Hmtcm AWp-hnepw AS-cnepw kmaq-lnI-h¬°-c-W-Øn-s‚bpw cmjv{So-bh¬°-cW
- Ø
- n-s‚bpw ]cn-Wmaw AXv
km[n-®p. ]e I£n-I-fmbpw tNcn-Ifmbpw Dƒt®-cn-I-fmbpw ]ncn™v
Aev]-kp-J-Øn\pw Aev]-am-{X-em-`߃°p-ambn A¶w sh´nb I£n-cmjv{So-bØ
- ns‚ Ime-L´- ß
- f
- m-bn-cp-∂n√
AXv. AsXms° ]ns∂ h∂-Xm-W.v B
hchv i‡n-s∏-´p-Xp-Sß
- nb 1970 Iƒ°p
tij-ap≈ Ime-L´w tIc-f-Øns‚
Acm-j{v So-bh
- ¬°-cW
- Ø
- n-s‚bpw A]km-aq-ln-Ih
- ¬°-cW
- Ø
- n-s‚bpw ImeL-´a- m-W.v B Ime-L´- Ø
- ns‚ krjvSnIfpw {kjv S m- ° fpamb Hcp- ] ‰w
cmjv{Sob t\Xm-°∑
- m-cmWv F√m-‰n\pw
HSp-hn¬ kp√p ]d-™p-sIm≠v cmjv{Sobm-Xo-Xa- mb s]mXp-Xm-ev]c
- y-sØbpw
ka-hm-b-sØbpw AXp-hgn ssIh-cn°m-hp∂ hnI-k\
- t- am-£s- Øbpw ]‰n
hnSp-hmbv ]d-bp-∂X
- .v
tIc-fØ
- ns‚ cmjv{So-bh
- ¬°-cW
- Øns‚ Btcm-Ky-I-c-amb XpS¿®
Is≠Øn kwc-£n-°p-Ibpw apt∂m´p
sIm≠p-t]mhp-IbpamWv tIc-fØ
- ns‚
]ptcm- K - X n°pw hnI- k - \ - Ø n\p
Xs∂bpw Bh-iy-sa-∂v Hm¿Ωn-∏n-°p-∂XmWv C∂sØ Ahÿ. Cu Xncn-®dnhp≠m- b n- s √- ¶ n¬ ""sIm√v , B
\mbsb, Ah≥ Hcp cmjv{So-b°
- m-c\
- mWv'' F∂v cmjv{Sobw ]d-bp∂ ]pXnb
Xe-ap-dsb t\m°n \ΩpsS cmjv{Sob
`c-Wm-[n-Im-cn-Iƒ Xs∂ Bt{Im-in°p∂ Znhkw hcpw.

18

Ih¿ tÃmdn

Acm-jv{Sob
tIc-fØ
- ns‚
kmaqly ASn-Ød
sshcp-≤ym-[n-jvTnX `uXn-I-hm-Z-Øns‚ {]]-©-ho-£Ww
hym]n-∏n-°p-Ibpw B[p-\n-I-im-kv{X-\n-b-a-߃
{]tbm-Kn-°p-Ibpw sNbvXp-sIm≠v \thm-∞m-\-{]-ÿm-\sØ
]p\-cp-÷o-hn-∏n-°-Ww. AXn-\p-th≠n hym]-I-amb kmwkvIm-cnI
sFIy-ap-∂Wn sI´n-∏-Sp-°m-\p≈ I¿Ω-߃ Gs‰-Sp-°msX
Acm-jv{Sob tIc-f-sØ, \ho-I-cn-°mt\m
cmjv{So-b-h¬°-cn-°mt\m Ign-bn-√. CS-Xp-]-£-]p-tcm-K-a-\-i-‡n-Iƒ
Cu ISa Gs‰-SptØ Xocq.
bp Iem-\m-Y≥

{`m

¥m-eb
- s
- a∂v hnti-jn-∏n°-s∏´ tIc-fsØ \thm-∞m\ {]{Inb-bn-eqsS B[p-\n-I-h¬°-cn-°m≥,
Ign™ \q‰m-≠ns‚ Bcw-`-Øn¬
t\XrXzw sImSp-Ø-h-cn¬ `qcn-]£w
t\Xm-°fpw ˛ {io\m-cm-bW
- K
- pcp apX¬
hmKv`S- m-\μ
- ≥ hsc ˛ Bflo-b aX-Nn¥-Ic- m-bn-cp-∂p. Aø-¶mfn apX¬ F sI
Pn hsc-bp-≈h
- cpw cmjv{So-ba- mbn CXns\m∏w ]
- ¶v hln-®hc-s{X. A°m-eØv
\S-Ønb \thm-∞m\ {]t£m-`k
- a- c
- ߃ Ht´-sd-bm-Wv. Xe-∏-W-Øn\pw
ape-°c- Ø
- n-\p-sa-Xn-cmb ka-cß
- ƒ, amdpa-d-°m-\p≈ Ah-Im-i-Øn\v th≠nbp≈ ka-cß
- ƒ, aq°pØn el-f, Aø¶m- f n- b psS t\Xr- X z- Ø n¬ \S∂
Im¿jn- I - ˛ - h n- Z ym- ` ym- k - k - a - c - ß ƒ,
ssh°w kXym-{K-lw, Kpcp-hm-bq¿
kXym-{K-lw XpS-ßnb PmXnhncp-≤˛- a- X-hn-cp-≤˛ \mSp-hm-gnØ hncp≤ ka-c]-c-º-c-I-fn-eqsSbmWv \thm-∞m\
{]ÿm\w tIc-fsØ Dgp-Xp-a-dn-®-Xv.
tkmjy-enÃv ˛ IΩyq-WnÃv {]ÿm-\߃ Cu kmaq-lnI `qan-I-bn-emWv
2008 sabv 9

cmjv{Sob \thm-∞m-\Ø
- ns‚ hnsØdn-™-Xv. BZy-I-Ωyq-WnÃv a{¥n-k-`,
`q]-cn-jvI-c-W-\n-b-aw, hnZym-`ymk
\nbaw F∂nh hgn \thm-∞m\{]{Inbbv°v cmjv{Sob ASn-Ød ]mIn.
PmXn-˛a- X Po¿Æ-]m-cº
- c- y-ßf
- n¬ \n∂v
tIc-fob kaqlw hntam-Nn-∏n°-s∏Spw
F∂ {]Xymi \msSßpw ]c-∂p.
Cu {]Xym-iI
- sf X√n-s°-Sp-Ønb
A[a cmjv{Sob {]Xn-{]-h¿Ø-\a- m-bncp∂p C∂pw {InkvXy≥ bmYm-ÿn-XnI
]mXn-cn-hr-μsØ lcw ]nSn-∏n-°p∂
hntam- N \ ka- c w. PmXn ˛ aX ˛
cmjv{Sob Iq´p-sI-´p-h-gn, ac-W-i-øbnte°v hgp-Xn-ho-Wp-sIm-≠n-cp∂
tIm¨{K v ]m¿´nbpw a‰p aX-h¿§ob
kwL-S\
- I
- fpw \S-Ønb A¥n-ak
- a- c
- am-bn-cp∂p AXv! tI{μ-`c- W
- m-[n-Im-ci
- ‡n- b psS klmbw H∂p- s Im≠p
am{Xam-WXv Zo¿L-izmkw hen-®Xv!
AXm-W,v tIcfob \thm-∞m-\t- \-´ß
- fpsS s\dp-I-bn¬ hoW BZysØ
BLmXw!
Cu PmXn- ˛ - c m- j v { So- b - ˛ - h ¿§ob

{]ÿm-\sØ t\cn-Sm≥, adp-X{- ¥-ambn
CS-Xp-]£
- hpw CXp-X∂ 1967-˛84 Imew
hsc {]tbm-Kn-®p. B \bw sX‰msW∂v I≠v Xncp-Øn-sb-¶nepw {]tbmK-Øn¬, AXv ^e-{]-Z-am-bn-√. AXn\m¬ B hnI-ea- d- p-X{¥w ˛ hnI-ea- X
- \n-c-t]£ \ne-]mSv ˛ C∂pw CS-Xp]£w XpS-cp-I-bm-Wv. Adp-]-Xp-Iƒ
apX¬ PmXn ˛ aX ˛ h¿§ob cmjv{Sobw,
\thm-∞m\ aqey-ßsf \nc-¥-c-ambn
Im¿∂p-Xn-∂pIbmWv CXns‚ ^ew.
1917 apX¬ Bcw-`n® ktlm-Zc
- {- ]ÿm\w XpSßn bp‡n-hmZn {]ÿm\w
hsc hnhn[ kmwkvIm-cnI kwL-S\
- Iƒ PmXn-˛-a-X-˛-P-∑nØ Po¿Æ-XIƒs°-Xnsc {]h¿Øn-®n-cp-∂p-sh¶nepw ]ptcm-Ka- \ cmjv{Sob kwL-S\
- Iƒ Ah-bsv °-Xnsc s]mXpsh "sXm´pIq-Smbva'bmWv BN-cn-®p-h∂
- X
- .v (tI-cf
bp‡n-hmZn kwLw P\-d¬ sk{I-´dnsb t]mepw kn ]n sF Fw
tem°¬ IΩn‰n AwK-Xz-Øn¬ \n∂v
Hgn-hm-°m≥ ]d™ Imc-Ww, kn ]n
Fw epw sI ssh Fknepw Htc kabw
AwK-am-bn-°qSm F∂ \b-am-bn-cp-∂p.
C∂pw B \bw am‰m- \ m- b n- ´ n√
F∂mWv A\p-`-hw) km£-c kaqlsØ _m[n-°p∂ kmln-Xy-Ønse
Po¿Æ-XI
- ƒs°Xnsc kmln-Xy-kw-LS-\I
- sf t{]m’m-ln-∏n®t∏mgpw, apgph≥ P\-X-tbbpw km¿Δ-{Xn-I-ambn
_m[n® PmXn ˛ aX ˛ h¿§ob Po¿ÆX-Iƒs°-Xn-cmb {]ÿm-\ß
- sf i‡ns∏-Sp-Øn-bn√ F∂v am{X-a√ Zp¿∫-es∏-Sp-Øp-Ibpw sNbvXp ˛ F∂ ZpxJkXyw \ne-\n-ev°p-∂p. AXp-sIm-≠mWv, kn ]n sF Fw P\d¬ sk{I-´dn
k: {]Imiv Imcm´v 17-˛04-˛08 \v Un ssh
F^v sFbpsS Z£n-tW-¥y≥ inev]im-eb
- n¬ Cßs\ Xpd∂p ]d-™Xv:
""sXm´p-Iq-Smbva AS-°a- p≈ kmaqlnI Xn∑-Iƒs°-Xn-cmb t]mcm-´ß
- ƒ
i‡n-bmbn apt∂m-´p-sIm-≠p-t]mIm≥I-Ωyq-WnÃv {]ÿm-\ß
- ƒ°v Ign™n-´n-√... Zfn-Xv˛ ]nt∂m° hn`m-Kßsf NqjWw sNøp-∂Xv sNdp-Øp-\nev°m-\m-hmØXpsIm-≠mWv DØ-tc¥y-bn¬ CS-Xp-]-£-߃°v hf¿®
t\Sm≥ Ign-bm-ØX
- v.'' (18-˛04-˛08 tIc-fIu-ap-Zn) (C-Xnse BZy-hm-NIw 18˛04˛08 se tZim-`n-am-\n-bn¬ I≠n-√)
PmXn-hy-hÿ Bg-Øn¬ thcq∂nb t\∏m-fn¬ PmXn-s°-Xn-cmb hnPb-߃ aX \nc-t]£ aqey-߃ AwKoI- c n- ° - s ∏- ´ - X ns‚ e£- W - a mWv ''
F∂pw {]Imiv Imcm´v hy‡-am-°n. (18-

19

˛04-˛08 tZim-`n-am-\n)
amthm-bnÃv IΩyq-WnÃv ]m¿´n-°pt]mepw XXzm-[n-jvTnX cmjv{Sob kac-Øn-eqsS P\m-[n-]-Xy-{]-{Inb hgn
P\-]n-¥pW t\Sn A[n-Im-c-Øn-seØm-\m-hp-sa∂ t\∏m-fns‚ ]mTw, tIcf- Ø nse am¿Iv k nÃv Nn¥- I sc
DW¿Øm≥ klm-bI
- a- m-Is´!
\thm-∞m\ aqey-߃ Db¿Øn-∏nSn- ° m≥ IΩyq- W nÃpIm¿°p≈
_m≤yX I\-Ø-Xm-Wv. se\n≥ hnhcn-°p∂p: ""am¿Ivkpw FwK¬kpw
Bh¿Øn®p {]Jym- ] n- ® n- ´ p- ≈ - X pt]mse am¿Ivkn-kØ
- ns‚ XmXznImSnÿm\w sshcp-≤ym-flI `uXn-Ih
- m-Za- mWv... Cu `uXn-Ih
- mZw ]cn-]q¿Æ-ambpw
\nco-iz-ch
- m-Z]
- c- a- m-W.v {Inbm-flI
- a- mbn
Xs∂ CXv F√m aX-߃°pw FXn-cmWv.'' (t]Pv 131 ˛ aXsØ-∏‰- n)
At±lw XpS-cp∂p: ""aXw a\pjys\ ab-°p∂ Idp-∏m-W.v B[p-\nI
Ime-L´- Ø
- nse aX-ßt- fbpw ]≈n-Itfbpw F√m-Xc- Ø
- n-ep≈ arX-kw-LS- \- I - t fbpw sXmgn- e m- f n- h ¿§sØ
NqjWw sNøm\pw Ahsc Ir{Xn-ae
- l-cn-bn-em-gvØm-\p-ap-XIp∂ D]-Ic
- W
- ß-fm-bn-´mWv am¿Ivknkw Icp-Xp-∂Xv
'' (t]Pv 132 AtX IrXn) aX-`o-Ic- h
- m-Zkvt^m-S\
- ß
- fpw hwi-hn-tO-Z{- ]-{In-bIfpw {]iv\-a-√m-bn-cp∂ 1840 Ifn¬
""aXw a\p-jys\ ab-°p∂ Idp-∏mWv ''
F∂ hne-bn-cp-ج icn-bm-bn-cp-∂p.
C∂v, AXv c≠pw \nXy-kw-`h
- ß
- f
- mb
ÿnXn-bn¬ aXw, a\p-jys\ \in-∏n°p∂ hnj-am-sW''∂v ]d-bm-Xn-cn-°p-∂-

2008 sabv 9

sX-ßs\?
h¿§-ka- c- Ø
- ns‚ kaq¿Ø ]cn-]mSn-bp-ambn _‘-s∏-Sp-Øn-s°m≠v,
am¿Ivkn-Ãp-Im¿ F¥p-sN-øWw F∂v
IqSn At±lw hy‡- a m- ° p- ∂ - X v
t\m°q:
""\mw aX-Øn-s\-Xnsc t]mcm-SW
- w.
AXn-\p-th≠n hnizm-kØ
- n-s‚bpw aXØn-t‚bpw {]`-ht- I-{μ-sØ-°p-dn®v P\߃°n-S-bn¬ `uXn-I-im-kv{X-co-Xnbn¬ hni- Z o- I - c n- ° Ww F∂mWv
am¿Ivknkw A\p-im-kn-°p-∂-Xv.''
(t]Pv 136, AtX IrXn)
""]n Fkv kn hgn kzm{ib hnZyme-b-ß-fn¬ \nb-a\w \S-Øn-bm¬
A[ym-]I
- c- msI \nco-iz-ch
- m-Zn-Ifpw aZy]m-\n-If
- p-am-Ip''-sa∂v {InkvXob _nj∏p-am¿ Bt{Im-in-®X
- n-s\-Xn-sc, h¿§-ka-cm-[n-jT
v nX `uXn-Ih
- m-Zh
- n-iZ- o-Ic- Ww
hgn CS-Xp-]-£-t]m-cm´w \S-Øm≥
(ItØm-en°m P\-Xm-e]
v c- y-am-bn-cp∂p
tImg-hn-cp≤ ˛ ssI°qen \nb-a\
- ˛- {- ]th-i-\-hn-cp-≤-k-acw) CS-Xp-]£w
I¿Ω\njvT ]pe¿Øntbm? _nj-∏ns‚
Cuiz-c≥ ssI°q-en-bpsS Iq´n-s°m-Sp∏p-Im-c\
- m-sW∂ hkvXpX ]ns∂-sbt∏m-gmWv Xpd-∂S- n-°pI? Cu Ign-hn-√mbvab
- mWv {]Imiv Imcm´v Xpd-∂p-]d- ™
- Xv. Cu "Ign-hn-√mbva' bmWv, \thm∞m\ tIc-fsØ PmXn-˛a- X
- ˛- h
- ¿§ob ˛
aX-au-en-Ih
- m-Z˛- A
- ‘
- h
- n-izmk Nqj-Ihr-μØ
- ns‚ kwlm-c\
- rØ thZn-bm-°nb-Xv. cmjv{Sob tIc-fsØ aX-bm-Ymÿn-XnI i‡n-Isf Cf-°n-hn-´,v Acmjv { Sobhev ° - c n- ° m- \ p≈ C¥y≥

_q¿jzmknbp- s Sbpw sshtZ- i nI
km{am-PyXz i‡n-I-fp-tSbpw Bkq{XnX X{¥-߃, ChnsS hym]n∏n°pI-bm-W.v AXns‚ {]Xy£ sXfn-hp-Iƒ
\nc-h[
- n-bm-W.v
1 (F) aXm-Nm-c-hym-]\w i‡-am°m≥, Aº-eß
- fpw ]≈n-Ifpw ]p\-cp≤-cn-°p-Ibpw ]pXn-bh \n¿Ωn-°p-Ibpw
sNøp-∂p. F√m Xd-hm-´º
- e
- ß
- f
- nepw
D’-h-˛-B-tLm-j-߃ s]mSn-s]m-Sn°p-∂p. kn sF FbpsS kl-i-‡nbmb B¿ Fkv Fkns‚ AwKo-Ir-XI¿Ω ]cn-]m-Sn-bm-Wn-X.v Nne ÿe-ßfn¬ h¿§ i{Xp-°sf AI-‰m≥, t£{XI-Ωn‰n ]nSn-s®-Sp-ØmWv CXn-s\-Xnsc
IΩyq-Wn-Ãp-Im¿ h¿§-k-acw \S-Øp∂Xv (Ah¿ k: ]n KwKm-[-cs‚ IY
ad-°p-∂p)
(_n) A\m-Nmc kwÿm-]\
- Ø
- n\v
b⁄ ˛ bmKm-Zn-Iƒ \msSßpw hym]n∏n-°p-Ib
- m-W.v efnX alm-bmKw apX¬
kn≤n-hn-\m-bI bmKw hsc sshhn-≤ybm-K-X-{¥-ßfmWv ]b-‰p-∂-Xv. IÆqcn¬ \S-Ønb kn≤n-hn-\m-b-I-bm-KØn¬ 1,00,001 cq] apX¬ Xmtgm´v hgn]mSv hgn tImSn-Iƒ ]ncn-®n-´p-≠v. P\hn-cp-≤-a-X-i-‡n-Isf hf¿Øm-\mWv
Cu ]Ww hn\n-tbm-Kn-°p-∂X
- .v aX-auen-I-hm-Zn-Ifpw Xo{h-˛-`o-I-c-hm-Zn-Ifpw
[\-t{km-X 
- p-Iƒ CXp-hgn krjvSn-°p∂p. Kpcp-hm-bq¿ ˛ i_-cn-ae tZhkzw
`c-WØ
- n¬ hym]-Ia- mb Agn-aX
- n-Iƒ
Aßm-Sn-∏m-´m-Wv. Ahn-SpsØ k¿Δi‡ ssZh-߃, hgn-]mSv \°m-∏n-®Iƒ I≠m¬ A\p-{Klw h¿≤n-∏n-°pw.

20

kz¥w `c-Wi
- n-tcm-aW
- n-Isf Xmtem-en°pw. CØcw s\dn-sI-´h
- c
- mWv ssZh߃ F∂v Xpd- ∂ - S n- ° m- \ m- f nt√?
hJ^v t_m¿Unepw Agn-aXn hym]n®
hm¿Ø h∂p. Agn-aX
- n, atX-Xc- a- m-°m≥
aX-°m¿ XømdmWv; aX-\n-c-t]-£X
At∏mgpw Ah¿°\yw!
(kn )tPym’yw tIc- f - Ø n¬
km¿Δ-{XnI ˛ km¿Δ-P\
- o\ X´n∏v X{¥ambn hf¿∂p. lnμp ˛ thZ-Øns‚ Cu
Bdmw IÆv s]m-´n-®n-s√-¶n¬, {Iqc-amb
Nqj-WØ
- n¬ P\w ho¿∏p-ap-´pw. a{¥i-‡n-Iƒ ]qPm-Zn-Iƒ
- hgn hym]n-∏n-°p∂-Xn¬ tPym’y-\mWv Ip‰-hm-fn.
am{¥nI Ge- p-Iƒ, b{¥-߃, Iw]yq´¿ PmX-Iw, kn Un b{¥-߃ F∂nh
hnhn[ \nc-°p-If
- n¬ (20,000 cq] hsc
hne-bp-≠)v hn‰-gn-°p-∂p. Im¬°m-in\v
KpW-an-√mØ Cu hkvXp-°ƒ hn‰v
P\sØ NXn-°p∂Xv sF ]n kn
{]Imcw in£m¿l-am-W.v
a{¥w hgn, bp‡n-hm-Zn-bmb k\¬
CS-adp-Ins\ sIm√p-sa∂v Hcp h≥a{¥hmZn CubnsS sh√p-hnfn \S-Øn. Zn√nbnse Hcp Nm\¬ CXv t\cn´v
kwt{]j-Ww sNbvXp. ]e a{¥-X{- ¥ßfpw {]tbm-Kn® am{¥nI-ho-c\v, k\ens‚ Hcp tcmaw Icn-°m-\m-bn-√.
Abmƒ tXm¬hn kΩ-Xn-®p. a{¥-hm-ZØns‚ \s´-√m-Wn-Xp-hgn XI¿∂Xv.
(Un)imkv{X-Øns‚ Bflob I]S-he
- °
v c- Ww hym]n-°p-Ib
- m-W.v Xriqcn¬ \S-Ønb AXn-cm-{X-bm-K-Øn¬
In¿en-b≥ t^mt´m-{Km^n hgn bmKI¿Ω-߃°v imkv{Xo-b\
- ndw \¬Im≥
t\m°n. sshZyp- X o- I - c n® Ccpºp
Xmt°m-en\pw CtX ]cn-thjw In´pw
Cu b{¥-Øn¬. AXv Bflob KpWa- √ . Cu P\h- © - \ - \ - S - Ø m≥
imkv{XsØ Iq´p-]n-Sn-°p-I-bmWv
F°meØpw imkv{X-hn-tcm-[n-Iƒ!
Iºyq-´¿ PmX-Iw, kn Un b{¥-߃
F√mw Cu X´n∏v cq]-ßf
- m-Wv. B[p\nI AWp-im-k{v X-Ønse Nne {]tlfnI-Isf Nq≠n-°m´n, ssZhm-kX
v nXzw
kXy-am-sW∂v hmZn-°p∂ Bflob
aZyw tam¥nb imkv{X-⁄sc hmS-Is°-Sp-°p∂ aX-kw-L-S-\-Iƒ tIc-fØn-ep-≠v. Zpcm-Nm-c-߃°v imkv{X]n≥_ew \¬In aX-hn-izm-kn-Isf
h©n-°pIbmW-hc
- psS Ie. imkv{X{]-Nm-cWw hgn Cu X´n-∏p-Iƒ Xpd-∂pIm-´p-∂Xv h¿§-k-a-c-Øns‚ taev]p-cbnse IS-ab
- m-Wv.
aX-Øns‚ hym]m-ch
- ¬°-cWw:
(F) i_-cn-a-e-bnse hm¿jnI

2008 sabv 9

kmº-ØnI hn\n-tbmKw 3000 tImSn
cq]-bp-tS-Xm-sW∂ IW-°p-Iƒ "C¥ymSpsU' ]pd-Øp-sIm-≠p-h∂
- p. e£-°W-°n¬ `‡-cmWv h©n-°s- ∏-Sp-∂X
- .v
aI-ct- Pym-Xnbpw ]cp-¥p-]d- °
- epw Cu
X´n-∏ns‚ am¿°‰v ]nSp-ØX
- {- ¥-am-Wv.
a{¥n-am¿, Kh¿W¿am¿, kmwkvIm-cnI
\mb-I¿ F∂n-h-cpsS hchv Bƒ∏nSpØ X{¥-Øns‚ `mK-am-W.v ]ºm \ZnbpsS `oI-ca- mb aen-\o-Ic- W
- a- mWv Cu
`‡n- { `m- ¥ ns‚ P\- h n- c p- ≤ - ^ - e w.
k¿°m¿ 1983 apX¬ Cu Akw_‘Øn\v Iq´m-W.v CXv GXv h¿§-ka-cX
- X
- z-{]-Im-ca- m-Wmthm? aX-\n-ct- ]-£X-bmWv CXv hgn aen-\a- m-Ip-∂s
- X∂v
CS-Xp--]£
- °
- m-sc-¶nepw Xncn-®d- n-bt≠?
(_n) Kpcp-hm-bq¿ t£{Xw as‰m-cmflob hym]m- c - t Imw- π - I v k m- W v .
]pWymlw hgn Abn-Øm-Nc- Ww hsc
\S-Øp∂ \thm-∞m-\i
- {- Xp-tI-{μ-am-WXv. "tZh-{]iv\w' F∂ tPym’y-X´- n∏v
hgn ssZh-sØ-sIm≠v kwkm-cn-∏n°p∂ Im]Syw tZhkzw am\y--∑m¿ am\n°p-∂p. k¿Δ-i-‡s\ c£n-°m≥
sa‰¬ Un‰-ISv ¿ ÿm-]n®, am\y-∑m¿°v
Dd-∏mWv, tZh\v kzbw c£-t]mepw
]‰n-s√∂v! AØcw ssNX-\y-clnX
Icn-¶√
- p-Isf Bcm-[n-°p-∂h
- sc F¥p
]dbpw? imkv{X-t_m-[hpw bp‡nt_m- [ hpw P\- Ø n- \ n- √ m- Ø - X mWv
bYm¿∞ tcmKw.
(kn ) B-‰p-Im¬ s]m¶me as‰mcp
P\-Iob Zpcm-Nm-ca- m-W.v KXm-KX
- X
- S-  
- ap-≠m-°n, Icnw-]pI hgn ]cn-ÿnXn
aen-\o-Ic- Ww \S-Øn, e£-߃ \nthZy-a¿∏n-°m≥ Xn°nØn-c°
- p∂ cwKw, tIcf-Øns‚ hnizm-k-]-camb A[x-]X
- \
- Ø
- ns‚
]pØ≥cq-]-am-Wv.
C¥y≥ ]o\¬tImUv
hIp∏v 268, 278, 285, 290
F∂nh {]Imcw CXv
XS- b m≥ t]meokv
DtZym-Kÿ¿ _m[yÿ-cm-W.v ]t£ a{¥nam¿ Biw-k-s°-Øptºmƒ t]meokv
F¥p-sN-øpw? `c-WIqS Ah-Xm-fw, aX-\n-ct]-£a- q-ey-ßsf \in∏n-°p∂p?
(Un)apcn-ßq¿
ItØm-en°m [ym\tI{μw ""amXr-Im-hn-Ik\ tI{μ-''am-sW∂pw

""{]apJ ÿm]\''amsW∂pw Hcp
cmjv{Sob t\Xmhpw kp{]ow tImSXnbpw hn[n-°p-I-bp-≠m-bn. AhnSpsØ amXr-Im-I¿Ω-߃ sF Pn
hn≥sk‚ v t]mfns‚ At\z-jW
dnt∏m¿´n¬ \nc-Øn-bX
- n-ßs\:
1. apcn-ßqcn¬ 10 h¿j-Øn-\n-Sb
- n¬
974 Akzm-`m-hnI ac-Wß
- f
- p-≠m-bn.
2. sIme- t °kv {]Xn- I ƒ°v
AhnsS A`bw \¬In.
3. ab-°p-ac- p∂v IpØn-sh∏v \S-Øn.
4. A\ym-ba- mbn XS-¶e
- n-en-´p.
5. A\-[n-IrX am\-kn-Im-tcm-KytI{μw \S-Øn.
6. ssewKnI-]o-U\
- ß
- ƒ \S-Øn.
7. A¤pX tcmK- i m- ¥ n- b psS
t]cn¬ hymP-{]-Nm-cWw \SØn ]Ww
]ncn-®p.
8. Imap-Is\ sIm∂p-\p-dp°n PUw
s]´n-bn-em°n A\y\m-´n-se-dn™
tUmIvS¿ Hma-\°v AhnsS A`bw
\¬Ip-Ibpw Ata-cn-°-bn-te°v IS°m≥ Iq´p-\n¬°p-Ibpw sNbvXp.
9. ]oU-\-Øn¬ acn-®-h-cpsS PU߃ t]mÃva- m¿´w \S-ØmsX kwkvIcn-®p.
]Øp-h¿jw XS-hp-ap-X¬ h[-in£
hsc hn[n-°m-\¿l-amWv Cu Ip‰-߃!
\nc-h[n lo\-I¿Ω-߃ thsdbpw
dnt∏m-¿´v sNø-s∏-´n-´p-≠v. F∂n´pw
kmt¶-XnI Imc-Ww-]-d™v kp{]ow
tImS-Xn, Cu tIkv X≈n-bXv A¤p-XIcw Xs∂! {]Xn-h¿jw 10 e£w hnizmkn-Isf Nqj-Whpw a¿±-\hpw \SØp∂ Cu {InkvXob ÿm]\w

21

\ntcm-[n-°p-Ibpw Ip‰-hm-fn-Isf in£n°pIbpw sNø-W-sa-∂m-h-iy-s∏-Sm≥
]ptcm-K-a-\-tI-c-f-Øn¬ cmjv{So-b°m¿°v \m°n-f-Im-Ø-Xv, cmjv{Sobw
Acm- j v{So- b - h ¬°- c n- ® - X p- s Im≠mtWm?
\n¿t±m- j n- I - f mb
I\ymkv{XoIsf t]mepw B{I-an°p∂
lnμp-Xz-hm-Zn-Ifpw ChnsS {Iqc-au-\Ø
- nem-bXv `ocpXzw sIm≠mtWm?
(C) sImSp-ß-√q¿ `c-Wn-∏m´pw
tImgn-_e
- n-Ifpw Po¿Æ-aX
- m-Nm-cß
- fpw
]Xn-\m--bn-cß
- sf sImØn-he
- n-°p-Ib
- mWv.
(F^v ) e£-߃ Xn°n-Øn-c°p∂ Xriq¿ ]qc-Øn¬ IpS-am-‰-hpw,
B\-{]-I-S-\-ßfpw XnSºv Fgp-∂≈Øpw shSn-s°´pw tImSn-I-fmWv
Nps´-cn-°p-∂Xv! X´n-sb-Sp-°p-∂X
- .v Xncph-ºmSn, ]md-ta-°mhv tZh-kz-߃
h¿Æ-hn-th-N\w XpS-cp-∂Xmbpw Xriq¿
]qcw hgn Cu kzIm-cy-tZ-h-kz-߃
tImSn-Iƒ t\Sp-∂X
- m-bpw, tX°n≥ImSv
ssaXm\w adn-®p-sIm-SpØv 2 tImSn-bntesd kºm-Zn-®X
- mbpw ]cmXn h∂p(
22-˛04-˛08 tIc-fI
- u-ap-Zn)
C{X \oN-ÿ¿ `c-Wm-[n-Im-cn-If
- mhp- ∂ Xpw NqjWw XpS- c p- ∂ Xpw
k¿°m¿ XS-bW
- w.
(Pn) BƒssZ- h - ∏ S Xs∂
Bflob Nqj-Ih
- r-μØ
- n¬ AWn-\n-c°p-∂p. 3000 e-[nIw sNdpXpw hep-Xpamb (amXm Aar-Xm-\μabn ˛ kmbn_m_ apX¬ ]pØ≥ N{μ-km-anbpw
tKm]m-ek
- m-anbpw hsc) Ah-Xm-cß
- ƒ
C°q-´Ø
- n-ep-≠.v Ai-co-cn-bm-bX
- n-\m¬
Xebpw Xe-t®mdpw XZzmcm t_m[-hp-

2008 sabv 9

an-√mØ Cuiz-cs‚ ˛ Cuiz-cm-kX
v nXzw
ip≤-I-≈-am-Wv ˛ Ah-Xm-c-ß-fmb
BƒssZ-hß
- ƒ Im]-Sy-Øns‚ Bƒcq]-߃ am{X-am-W.v Ahsc Imev IgpIn
]qPn-°p∂ `‡n-{`m-¥n\v NnIn-’\¬Im≥, Acm-j{v Sob tIc-fØ
- n\v Ignhn-√m-Xmbn!
(F®v) kpZ¿i-\{- Inb F∂ IS-saSpØ tbmK-hn-Zy-hym-]m-c-h¬°-cn®v
]Ww hmcn-°q-´nb lnμp-Xz-hm-Zn-bmb
B¿ B¿ chn-i-¶-dns\ _lpam\yh¬°-cn-°p∂ ssIcfn Nm\¬, am\t°Sv Hgn- h m- ° m≥ IΩyq- W nÃv
]m¿´nbpsS Nm\e-s√∂v I≈w ]d™mWv XSn-X∏
- m≥ t\m°n-bX
- .v amXm
Aar-Xm-\-μ-a-bn°pw ssIcfn h≥{]Nmcw \¬In! F∂m¬ Ah¿s°-Xncmb \thm-∞m\ tIc-fØ
- ns‚ i_vZw
Ah¿ \nIp-w`-\Ø
- n\v hnt[-ba- m-°n-bXv
GXv sshcp-≤y-flI kmwkvIm-cn-Ik
- Ø-bpsS kzm[o\w sIm≠m-Wmthm?
C…m-anI aWvU-e-Ønepw aXPo¿Æ-X(F) J_¿ ]qP-Ifpw Jmkn Bcm[- \ - I fpw _o_n Bcm- [ - \ - I fpw
BƒssZ-hk
- w-kvIm-cØ
- ns‚ {]I-S\
- ß-fm-W.v
(_n) \yq\-]-£m-h-Im-i-Øns‚
a\p-jym-hI
- m-i\
- n-tj-[k
- z-`mhw am\n°p∂ `c-W-L-S-\m-h-Ip∏v (art 30)
s]mfn-s®-gp-Xn-bmte AXns‚ Zpcp-]tbmKw XS- b m- \ m- h q. ""\yq\- ] - £ ߃°v X∂n-jvS-{]-Imcw hnZym-e-b߃ ÿm]n-°mw, Ah-bpsS `c-Ww
\S-Ømw'' -- F∂ hmIy-Ønse "X∂njvS{- ]-Imcw' F∂Xv \o°n, a‰p `c-W-

L-S\
- m-hI
- p-∏p-Iƒ°v hnt[-bambn F∂v t`Z-KXn sNø-Ww.
`qcn-]-£-Øn-\n-√mØ AhImiw \yq\- ] - £ - ß ƒ°v
\¬In-bXv art 14 \pw 15 \pw
a‰p a\p-jym-hI
- m-iß
- ƒ°pw
FXn-cm-W.v
Cu hIp∏v {]Imcw l÷v
k_vkn-Untbm aX-]-c-amb
a‰m-\p-Iq-ey-ßtfm \¬Im≥
A¿l- X - b n- √ . Ct∏mƒ
k®m¿I-Ωn‰n dnt∏m¿´ns‚
t]cn-ep-≠m-°nb ]mtem-fn-IΩn‰n dnt∏m¿´v a{Z-km-≤ym-]I¿°v s]≥j\pw ]≈n ap√am¿°v t£a-]≤
- X
- n-Ifpw a‰pw
\n¿t±-in-®Xv atX-X-c-Xz-hncp≤amb ˛ aX-{]o-W\
- a- m-Wv.
a{Zkm DS-aI
- s
- f-s°m≠v, a{Zkm-≤ym-]-I¿°v \ymb-amb
iºfw sImSp- ∏ n- ° m≥ \nb- a \n¿ΩmWw \S-Øp-I-bmWv k¿°m¿
sNtø-≠X
- v. CØcw ]£-]mX \S-]Sn-Iƒ `qcn-]-£-h¿§o-b-X°v hfw-sh°m\pw \yq\-]£
- X
- o-{h-hmZw aq¿—n-∏n°m\pw Imc-Wa- mIpw F∂v k¿°m¿
Xncn-®d- n-bW
- w.
(kn) "PnlmZv' F∂ Jpdm-\nI aXmlzm-\w, C∂v BtKmf aX-`o-I-c-hm-ZØn\v cmk-hf
- a- n-Sp∂ ImgvN Ak-l\
- ob-am-Wv. A¥¿tZ-iob ˛ tZiob ˛
{]mtZ-inI Xe-ßf
- n¬ G‰hpw IqSp-Xep≈ aX-`o-Ic- k
- w-LS- \
- I
- ƒ C…m-an-s‚
t]cnem-Wv! Ata-cn-°≥ aX-`o-Ic
- h
- m-Zhn-cp-≤-bp-≤w, C…m-anI `oI-c-hmZw
hf¿Øm\pw i‡n-s∏-Sp-Øm\pw hym]n∏n°m\pw Imc-Wa- m-bn-´p-≠.v aXw, l
- nwk- b psS amc- I m- b p- [ - a m- I p- t ºmƒ,
AXns\Xnsc aX-i‡
- n-Iƒ Xs∂ ]Ss]m-cp-XWw!
(Un) C…manI Xo{h-hmZw IΩyqWn-kØ
- n-\pw, tkmjy-en-kØ
- n\pw aX\n-c-t]-£-X°pw P\m-[n-]-Xy-Øn\pw
imkv{X-hn-Ik
- \
- Ø
- n\pw FXn-cm-W.v
(C) aX-cm-jv{So-ba- m-Wv, C…m-an-IXo{h-hmZe-£yw. atX-Xc- X
- z-hn-cp-≤h
- n-]Øm-WXv! C¥y≥ kml-N-cy-Øn¬
aX-cm-j{v Sobw `c-WL
- S- \
- m-hn-cp-≤a- mWv!
aXw + cmjv{Sobw = h¿§o-bX +
aX-Xo-{h-hmZw + aX-`o-Ic- h
- mZw + aX-hwi-hn-t—-Z-\-hm-Zw! CXmWv `oI-c-hm-ZØns‚ ka-hmIyw!
cmjv{Sobw ˛ aXw = aX-\n-c-t]£X! Cu kmaq-lnI cmjv{Sob kXyw

54
22

Ih¿tÃmdn

aXw \n¿Ωn-°p-∂-sX¥v?
kn B¿ Pb-tZ-h≥
aX-tam, aX-Øns‚ t]cn-ep≈ a‰p ab-°p-a-cp-∂p-Itfm
G‰-hp-a-[nIw hn‰-gn-°-s∏-Sp∂ Hcn-S-ambn tIcfw amdn-°-gn™p.
ae-bm-fnsb ab-°n-°n-S-Øm≥ aXhpw Ct∏mƒ
hym]-I-ambn D]-tbm-Kn-°-s∏Sp∂p. kmaq-lnI
Ac-£n-X-Xz-Øns‚ ImeØv cmjv{Sob Pm{KX Xe
Ip\n-°p-Ibpw ]Icw aXm-fl-IX kmaqlnI \nb-{¥Ww
Gs‰-Sp-°p-Ibpw sNøpw F∂-Xns‚ shfn-s∏-S¬ Ct∏mƒ \ΩpsS
\m´n-ep-≠v. aX-Øn\v a\p-jys\
\n¿Ωn-°m-\m-Ip-∂n-s√-¶nepw hym]-I-amb Hcp
hyh-km-b-ambnØocm≥ km{am-Py-Xz-Im-eØv km[n®ncn°p-∂p.

a

Xw a\p-jys\ ab-°p∂ Idp∏mWv F∂ aX-hn-a¿i-\Ø
- ns‚ D÷ze-amb hmIyw Gsd {]N-cn-®n-cp∂ Hcp
tZi-Øns‚ t]cmWv tIc-fs- a-∂X
- .v a\pjy-\mWv aXsØ \n¿Ωn-°p-∂s- X∂pw
aXw Hcn-°epw a\p-jys\ \n¿Ωn-°p∂n-s√-∂p-ap≈ am¿Ivkns‚ \nco£Ww \thm-∞m\ ImesØ CS-Xp]£ Nn¥sb tIc-f-Ønepw Gsd
kzm[o-\n-®n-´p-≠v. P≥an-Ø-Øn-s\-Xncmb {]t£m-`ß
- f
- nepw B[p-\nI apXem-fn-ØØ
- n-s\-Xn-cmb ka-c]
- c
- º
- c
- I
- fnepw aXw, PmXn XpS-ßnb LS-Ißsf \n¿±bw hna¿in-®mWv tIc-fØnepw CS-Xp-]£w sh∂n-s°mSn
]mdn-®X
- .v PmXo-ba- mb hn`-P\
- ß
- ƒ°pw
hnth-N\
- ß
- ƒ°p-sa-Xn-cmb \ne-]mSpw
{]mtbm-KnI {]h¿Ø-\ß
- fpw Iayq-WnÃp- I m¿ AS- ° - a p≈ CS- X p- ] £
{]h¿Ø- I sc tIc- f ob P\- X °p
kzoIm-cy-am-°p-∂-Xn¬ henb ]¶p
hln-®n-´p-≠.v
Iayq-WnÃv {]ÿm-\sØ sNdp-°p∂-Xn\v F√m aX-ßf
- n-sebpw {]am-Wnam¿ kwL-Sn-X-ambn cwK-Øn-d-ßn-bXns‚ shfn-s∏-Se
- m-bn-cp∂p hntam-N\
- 2008 sabv 9

k-a-cw. 1957se Iayq-WnÃv k¿°m¿
cq]w sImSpØ `q]-cn-jI
v mc \nb-ahpw
hnZym-`ym-k-_n√pw bYm¿∞-Øn¬
aX, PmXn bmYm-ÿn-Xn-IX
- zsØ t\cn´v
tNmZyw sNøp-∂X
- m-bn-cp∂p. PmXnbpw
aX-hp-ambn _‘-s∏´p \ne-\n¬°p∂
Nqj-Wc
- o-Xn-Is
- fbpw kmaq-ly-t_m-[sØbpw sh√p-hn-fn-°p-I-bm-bn-cp∂p
Iayq- W n- Ã p- I m- c psS BZy- X - e - a pd

sNbvX-Xv. PmXo-b-amb D®-\o-N-Xz߃s°-Xn-sc-bp≈ t]mcm-´Ø
- n-eqsS
]nt∂m° PmXn-°m-scbpw Zfn-Xs- cbpw
AWn \nc-Øm≥ Ign-™Xv Iayq-WnÃv
{]ÿm-\-Øns‚ i‡n h¿[n-∏n-®p.
kmaqly hnth-N\
- ß
- f
- n-√mØ tIc-fØns‚ krjvSn°v ASn-Ød- b
- mb LSI-ßf
- n-sem∂v CXm-W.v `q]-cn-jI
v m-chpw
hnZym-`ym-k-cw-KsØ apt∂-‰hpw Cu
t\´w Ac-°n-´p-d∏
- n-®p. B[p-\nI hnZym`ym-k-Øn-eqsS t\Sn-sb-SpØ ka-Xzt_m-[hpw bp‡n-t_m-[hpw aX-t_m[sØ Zp¿∫-es
- ∏-Sp-Øn. \thm-∞m-\Im- e - L - ´ - Ø nse kmwkv I m- c nI
{]h¿Ø-\hpw kmln-Xy-Ir-Xn-Ifpw aXta-[m-hn-Xz-Øns‚ s\Spw-tIm-´-Isf
]nf¿Øn. tIk-cnbpw Ip‰n-∏p-gbpw
ktlm-Z-c≥ Aø-∏\pw hnSn `´-Xn-cn∏mSpw CFw-Fkpw sI. Zmtam-Z-c\pw
F≥ C _e-dmapw sI.-Sn.-ap-l-ΩZpw
s]m≥Ip∂w h¿°nbpw C°m-cy-Øn¬
\¬Inb kw`m-h\
- I
- ƒ sNdp-X√
- .
sXm≈m-bn-cØn Fgp-]X
- p-Iƒhsc
\o≠p \n∂ Cu \thm-∞m\ {]`mhw
Xo¿®-bmbpw C∂sØ tIc-f-Øn\v
hnkvabw P\n-∏n-°p∂ H∂m-W.v aX-hna¿i-\Ø
- ns‚ Imcy-Ønepw B[p-\nI
imkv{X-km-t¶-XnI hnZy-bpsS ^e-am-

23

bp≈ ssh⁄m- \ o- I - [ m- c - W - I sf
kzmwio-I-cn-°p-∂-Xnepw C°m-e-b-fhn¬ ae-bmfn ssIh-cn® t\´-߃
A`q-X]
- q¿Δ-am-W.v `uXn-Ih
- m-Z\
- n-co-£W- t ØmsS cNn- ° - s ∏´ IrXn- I ƒ
h≥tXm-Xn¬ tIc-f°
- c- b
- n¬ {]N-cn-®p.
kwL-Sn-Xa- X
- Ø
- ns‚ kΩ¿±-ti-jnsb
sNdp-°m≥ Ignbpwhn[w km[m-cW
- a- \p-jysc Bi-b]
- c- a- mbn Bbp-[a- W
- nbn-°m\pw CS-Xp-]£ t\Xm-°ƒ
{]tXy-IX
- m¬∏-cy-sa-Sp-Øp. sI.-Zm-tam-Zc- s ‚bpw
F≥.- C .
_e- d mans‚bpsams° kw`m-h\ C°m-cyØn¬ Gsd hep-Xm-W.v
am¿Iv k nÃp ]m¿´n- I - s fbpw
am¿IvknÃv Z¿i-\s
- Øbpw kw_-‘n®n-St- Ømfw sXm≈m-bn-cØn Fgp-]X
- pIƒ temI-hym-]-I-ambn Xs∂ hfsc
{][m-\s
- ∏-´X
- m-Wv. apX-em-fnØ i‡nIƒ ]pXnb Bbp[߃ k÷-am°n
CS-Xp-]-£sØ BtKm-f-X-e-Øn¬
Xs∂ th´-bm-Sn-Øp-Sß
- p∂ L´-am-WnXv. kº-ZvLS- \
- b
- psS cwKØv ISpØ
he-Xp-]£
- °
- m-cmb en_¿t´dn-b≥am¿
en_- d ¬ [\- i m- k v{X- ⁄ - c psS
hwisØ ]cm-P-b-s∏-Sp-Øn. sIbv\njy-\n-k-Øns‚ \nb-{¥nX apX-emfnØ Z¿i\w tXm¬∏n-°s- ∏-´p. ]Icw
Igp-Ød- ∏
- ≥ km{am-PyXzw ]nSn-ap-dp-°n.
cmjv{So-bc- w-KØv am¿K-c‰v Xm®-dp-sSbpw
sdmWmƒUv sdbvK-s‚bpw t\Xr-XzØn¬ \h-bm-Ym-ÿn-Xn-I¿ Icp-Øp-sXfn-bn-®p. temI-sØ-ßp-ap≈ aX-bm-Ymÿn-XnI {Kq∏p-Is- fbpw `oI-c{- ]-ÿm-\ß- s fbpw he- X p- ] £kw- L - S - \ - I -

kXy-kmbn _m_

2008 sabv 9

sfbpw km{am- P yXzw t\cn´v
t{]m’m-ln-∏n®p XpS-ßn. C…manI Xo{h-hm-Zw, lnμp-Xz-i‡
- n-Iƒ,
ss{IkvXh \h-bm-Ym-ÿn-Xn-IXzw
XpS-ßn-bh t{]m’m-ln-∏n-°s- ∏´p.
tZiobX, aX-\n-ct- ]-£X
- . \nco-izc-hmZw XpS-ß-nb aqey-߃s°Xnsc km{am-PyXzw ]S-∏p-d∏
- m-Sp-XpS- ß n. kwL- S nX aX- Ø ns‚
Bflob hyh-km-bÿ
- m-]\
- Ø
- n\v
hntZ-i∏
- Ww h≥tXm-Xn¬ Hgp-Insb-Øm≥ XpSßn. em‰n≥ Ata-cn°-bn¬ i‡n-s∏´p XpS-ßnb
ss{IkvXh
- ¿°n-Sb
- nse hntam-N\
- ssZ-hi
- mkv{X ho£-WsØ t\cnSm≥ ItØm-en°m k` ]pXnb
X{¥-߃ sa\-™p-Xp-Sß
- n. at[yjy-bn¬ kuZn Atd-_y-bnse
hlm- _ n- Ã p- I sf D]- t bm- K n®v
C…m-anI bmYm-ÿn-Xn-I-XzsØ
i‡n-s∏SpØm\pw km{am-PyXzw
{ian®p. Kƒ^v taJe ae-bm-fn-°p-ap∂n¬ Xpd∂p In´n-b-tXmsS hntZ-i-∏W-Øns‚ hc-hm-bn. tIc-f-Ønse
ap…nw kaq-lsØ CXv h≥tXm-Xn¬
kzm[o- \ n- ® p. a[y- t I- c - f - Ø nse
ss{IkvXhcmIs´ Ata-cn-°-sbbpw
{_n´-s\bpw Bkvt{X-en-b-sbbpw
sXmgn¬ taJ-eb
- mbn \n›-bn-®p. AhnS-ß-fn¬ \n∂p≈ [\-k-am-l-cWw
ss{IkvXh kaq-lsØ _e-s∏-Sp-Øn.
hntZ-i∏
- W
- Ø
- ns‚ ]n≥_-eØ
- n-ep≈
aX-]p-\c- p-∞m-\{- i-aß
- f
- psS Ime-ambn
]n∂o-S.v Ign™ \mep Zi-It- Øm-fa- mbn
tIc-fØ
- nse F√m hn`m-KØ
- n-sebpw
aX-kw-cw-`I
- ¿°p≈ Bth-iØ
- ns‚
Dd-hnSw Xo¿®-bmbpw ]pd-sa-\n-∂p≈
Cu ]W-sam-gp-°p-Xs- ∂-bm-W.v
hnZym-`ym-kw, BtcmKyw F∂o
taJ-e-I-fn-emWv Cu ]W-sam-gp°ns‚ kΩ¿±w G‰-hp-a[
- nIw Zriyam-b-Xv. Cu c≠p taJ-e-I-fn-epw
ÿm]-\ß
- f
- psS FÆw s]cp-In. aXbm-Ym-ÿn-XnI i‡n-If
- psS {]l-ctijn h¿[-n°
- p-∂X
- n\v CXp klmbn-®p. ss{IkvX-hcpw ap…o-ßfpw
Cu Zni-bn¬ sImbvsX-Sp-°p∂ t\´ßƒ lnμp-°f
- nepw {]Xn-Ic- W
- ß
- ƒ
krjvSn-®p. F≥-F-kv-Fkpw FkvF≥Un-]nbpw apºn-√mØ hn[w
PmK-cq-I-cm-bn. ]≈n-Iƒs°m∏w
t£{X-ßfpw kPo-h-ambn. ]g-bh
]p\-cp-≤c- n-°s- ∏-´p. ]pXnbh ]eXpw
\n¿Ωn°-s∏-´p. i_-cn-ae
- bpw Kpcp-hmbqcpw {]m_eyw h¿[n-∏n-®p. aXw
tIc-fo-bs- cbpw ab-°n-Øp-Sß
- n. aXm-

Aar-Xm-\μ
- a- bn

Sn-ÿm-\Ø
- n-ep≈ thm´p-If
- psS hn`-P\sØ tI{μo-I-cn-®p≈ cmjv{Sob
{]h¿Ø\w tIc-f-Ønepw kPo-h-ambn. thm´p-_m-¶n¬ IÆp-\´- p-Xp-Sß
- n-btXmsS CS-Xp-]£
- Ø
- n\pw aX-hn-a¿i\-Øn-ep≈ Xm¬]cyw Ipd™p.
km{am- P yXz ]n≥_- e - t Øm- s Sbp≈ aX-]p-\c- p-≤m-cW {]h¿Ø-\ß
- ƒ
F¨]-Xp-I-fnepw sXmÆq-dp-I-fnepw
hºn® IpXn-∏mWv ssIh-cn-®X
- .v aX-\nc-t]-£X F∂ Bi-bsØ sh√p-hnfn®v aX-cm-jv{Sobw i‡n {]m]n-®p.
knJv aXauen-Ih
- mZw hf¿∂v `o{μ≥hme-tbm-f-sa-Øn. kzX{¥ Jen-ÿm\p
th≠n-bp≈ kmbp[ t]mcm-´-ambn
AXp hnI-kn-®p. ]m°n-ÿm-\nse
sFF- k v - s F- b n- e qsS Ata- c n°
`n{μ≥hm-esb \nb-{¥n-®p. C¥y-bpsS
ssIh-ia- p≈ Imivao¿ ]nSn-s®-Sp-°m≥
e£y-an´v C…m-anI Xo{h-hm-Zhpw
]m°n-ÿm≥ aÆn-eqsS hnI-kn-®p.
]m°n-ÿm-\n¬ knbm-D¬lJpw t_\ko¿ `qt´mbpw Xmen-_ms‚ ASn-Ød- bm-bn-Øo¿∂ a{Z-kI
- f
- n-eq-sS-bp≈ aXcm-jv{Sob hmZw {]N-cn-∏n-°p-∂-Xns\
]n¥p-W-®p. kuZn Atd-_y-bnse
hlm-_n-Ãp-I-fpsS ]n¥p-W-tbmsS
Hkm-a_
- n≥em-Z\pw ap√ Hadpw tkmhnb‰v tk\-s°-Xn-scbpw A^vKm-\n-ÿm\nse tkmjy-enÃv Kh¿sa‚n-s\-Xnscbpw Pnlm-Zn-\n-dß
- n. C¥y-bn-emsI
lnμp-Xz-hm-Zn-Iƒ _m_vdn-a-kvPnZv
XI¿°m≥ e£y-an´v {]N-mc-Whpw
kwL¿jhpw krjvSn-®p-Xp-S-ßn. aXØns‚ Dbn¿sØ-gp-t\¬∏pw aX-cm-

24

jv{So-bØ
- ns‚ c≠mw-hc
- hpw C¥y-bnepƒs∏sS temI-sØßpw bmYm¿∞yam- b n. C°m- e - s Ø- t ∏mtgm BWv
tIcfw ssZh-Øns‚ kz¥w \mSmsW∂v Sqdnkw hIp-∏p-Im¿ Is≠-ØnbXv. C¥y-bn¬Øs∂ `uXnI hmZPo-hn-X-ho-£-W-Øn\v G‰-hp-a-[nIw
kzm[o-\a- p≈ Hcn-Sa- mWv ssZh-Øns‚
kz¥w \mSv F∂ Imcy- Ø n¬
Ah¿°p kwi-bta D≠m-bn-cp-∂n-√.
hntZ-i∏
- W
- a- m-bn-cp∂p Ah-cpsS ssZhw
F∂pam{Xw.
Fgp-]X
- p-Iƒ apX¬ tIc-fob kaql-Øn¬ kw`-hn® ]cn-h¿Ø-\-߃
hnkva-b-I-c-am-Wv. Xo{h CS-Xp-]£
Bi-b-ß-fpsS IS-∂p-h-c-hmWv Hcp
{]tXy-I-X. CS-Xp-]£ cmjv{Sob
{]ÿm-\-ß-sf-bmsI ]nSn-®p-e-°m≥
CXn\p km[n-®p. kmbp-[-hn-πhw
kz]v \ w I≠ Xe- a pd cmjv { So- b {]tbmKØnepw ]pXnb am¿§-߃
]co-£n-®p. kmlnXy ˛kmw-kvIm-cnI
cwK-ßf
- n¬ CXns‚ {]Xn-Ic- W
- a- p-≠mbn. `mj-bn¬ ]pXnb ]co-£W
- ß
- f
- p≠m-bn. Fgp-]X
- p-If
- psS ]Ip-Xn-tbmsS
cmPyw A¿≤ ^mknÃv `oI-c-X-bnte°p hgpXn hoWp. `bw kaq-lsØ
AS°n `cn-®p. GsX-¶nepw Xc-Ønep≈ FXn¿∏v A]-ISw £Wn-®p-hcpØpw F∂ ap∂-dn-bn∏v kaq-l-ØnemsI hym]n- ® p. kmbp[ hnπh
{]ÿm-\ß
- f
- psS XI¿®°p ]n∂m-sebp≈ \ncm-im-t_m[w bph-Xe
- a- p-db
- n¬
hen-sbmcp hn`m-KsØ AkvXn-Xz-hmZ
Bi-bß
- f
- psS IpsØm-gp-°n-te-°mWv
\bn-®X
- .v D∂X \Ivks
- se‰v t\Xm-°fn¬ Nne-sc-¶nepw Bflob hyh-kmbn-If
- psS {]Nm-cI
- c- m-bXv bph Xe-ap-dbn¬ henb Bi-b°
- p-g∏
- a- mWv krjvSn®-Xv. C∂sØ tIc-f-Øn¬ ]gb
\Ivk-sse‰v ap{Z-bp≈ a\p-jy-cn¬
hfsc Ipd®p t]¿ am{Xta Btcm-Ky-Ic-amb ]ptcm-Ka- \ kmaq-ly-ho-£Ww
kq£n- ° p- ∂ p- ≈ q- F ∂p ImWmw.
kmaqly cmjv{Sob LS-\b
- n¬ Agn-®p]Wn thW-sa∂v Nn¥n-°m\pw kaq-lØnse Zp¿∫e P\-hn-`m-K-ß-fpsS
]£w tNcm\pw Ah-cpsS {]iv\߃s°m∏w \n∂v `c-W-h¿§-tØmSv
t]mcm-Sm\pw tijn-bp-≈h
- c- psS FÆw
ap≥ \Ivks
- se‰pI-fn¬ \t∂ Ipd-hmWv. Ch-cn¬ Nn¥m-ti-jn-bp-≠m-bn-cp∂,
cmjv{Sob Pm{K-X-bp≈ hen-sbmcp
hn`mKw hgp-Xn-hoWXv Bflob {]N-cW-{]-h¿Ø-\ß
- f
- n-tet°m AkvXnXz
hmZ Z¿i-\Ø
- n-tet°m aXm-flI
- X
- b
- n-

tet°m BWv F∂Xv Fgp-]X
- p-Iƒ°p
tij-ap≈ tIc-fØ
- ns‚ khn-ti-jX
- bm-W.v B[p-\nI hnZym-`ym-ks
- Øbpw
imkv { X- k m- t ¶- X nI taJ- e - b nse
ssh⁄m-\nI hnkvt^m-S-\-sØbpw
D]-tbm-Kn-®p-Xs∂ Bflo-bX {]N-cn∏n-°-s∏-´p. `uXn-I-hm-Z-tØ-°mƒ
kzoIm-cy-Xbpw imkv{Xo-bX
- bpw D≈Xmbn Bflo-bX AS-bm-fs
- ∏-Sp-Øs
- ∏´p.
Ign™ \mep Zi-I°mew tIc-fob kaq-lØn¬ AXn i‡-amb
Hcp a[y-h¿§w cq]-s∏´p
XpS- ß nb
Imew
IqSnbmW.v Bg-Øn-ep≈
cmjv { So- b - h ¬°- c - W Øn\v hnt[-b-am-ImØ
Cu a[y-h¿§w kmº-ØnI-ambpw Xmc-Xt- ay\ `{Zamb ÿnXn t\Sn-sb-SpØp. F≥Pn-H- Iƒ, A[ym]-I¿, Btcm-Ky-ta-J-ebnse {]h¿Ø-I¿, hyhkm-bt- a-Je
- b
- nse Poh-\°m¿
F∂n- ß s\
{KmaoW I¿j- I - c n¬
\n∂pw I¿j-Is
- Xm-gn-emfn-I-fn¬\n∂pw ]c-º-cmKX sXmgn-em-fn-I-fn¬
\n∂pw thdn´ hn`m-Kambn Ch¿ amdn. ]s£
apX-em-fnØ h¬°-cW
- Øns‚ kzm`m-hnI ^esa∂ \ne-bn¬ kZm Ac£n- X m- h - ÿ - b n- e mWv
Ch¿ Ign-™p-Iq-Sp-∂X
- v.
Itºm-f-Øns‚
kΩ¿±ßfpw `mhn-sb°p-dn-®p≈ D¬°-WTv I
- fpw Chsc \nc¥cw th´- b m- S p- ∂ p. hnti- j n®v
AWpIpSpw-_Ø
- ns‚ Ac-£n-Xm-hÿ
Ch-cpsS Xocm`b-am-Wv. aX-sØbpw
Bflob hyh-km-b-sØbpw A`bw
{]m]n®v kpc-£n-XXzw t\Sm-\mWv Cu
hn`mKw ]cn-{i-an-°p-∂X
- .v Ch-cpsS ]¶mfn- Ø - a mWv Bflob hyh- k m- b sØbpw aX- { ]- h ¿Ø- \ - ß - s fbpw
Ct∏mƒ kPo-ha- m-°p-∂X
- .v
tIc- f - Ø n¬ G‰- h p- s am- S p- h n¬
\S∂ aX-hn-a¿i-\k
- z-`m-ha- p≈ cm{„ob-{]-h¿Ø\w F¨]-Xp-I-fpsS a[yØn¬ ico-AØv \nb-ah
- p-ambn _‘s∏-´p-b¿∂ kwhm-Za- m-Ip-sa∂p tXm∂p∂p. C¿^m≥l_o_v F∂ CS-Xp-]£
- ]-WU
v n- X≥ XpS-°a- n-Sp-Ibpw CFw-Fkv

2008 sabv 9
^mZ¿ hS-°≥

Gs‰- S p- ° p- I bpw sNbv X ap…nw
kv{XobpsS Poh-\mw-i-hp-ambn _‘s∏´ X¿°w kwL-Sn-X-a-XØ-ns‚
bmYm-ÿn-XnI \ne-]m-Sp-Iƒs°-Xnsc
Db¿∂ i_vZa- m-bn-cp-∂p. ap…ow kaql-ØnemsI B[p-\nI Nn¥-bp-sSbpw
hn⁄m-\{- ]-h¿Ø-\ß
- f
- p-sSbpw Im‰p
hoip-∂X
- n-\mWv CXn-Sb
- m-°n-bX
- v. ]cºcm- K X ap…ow aX˛cm- j v { Sob
{io {io chn-i¶
- ¿

t\XrXzw \Spßn hnd-°p-Ibpw B[p\nI Nn¥m-K-Xn-bp≈ ap…nw Xe-apd
kmaq-ly-Po-hn-X-Øns‚ tI{μ-Øn-te°v IS-s∂-Øp-Ibpw sNbvXp F∂XmWv Cu kwhm-Z]
- c- º
- c- I
- f
- psS KpW^-ew. ap…ow eoKn\v Gsd Bfl-hna¿i\w \S-tØ-≠n-h∂p H∏w PamAsØ C…m- a n°v ]pXn- s bmcp
{]h¿Ø\ aWvUew Xpd∂p In´p-Ibpw
sNbvXp. CXns‚ KpWhpw tZmjhpw
tIc-fob kaq-lØ
- n¬ Zriy-am-W.v CSXp-]£
- Ø
- ns‚ B¿÷hw shfn-s∏´
thf-Iq-Sn-bm-bn-cp∂p AXv.
sXmÆq-dp-I-fn-em-Is´ Xo{h-amb
h¿§o-bh
- ¬°-cW
- a- mWv ]Icw sh°-

27
25

Ih¿ tÃmdn

Fgp-]X- p-Is- f-°p-dn®v
Hcp Ipdn∏v
]n kptc-{μ≥
CXv sNKp-th-c-bpsS
hN-\-߃ Xa-kvI-cn-°-s∏-Sp∂
Imew. ]m¿´n ktΩ-f-\-ß-fpsS
Ae-¶m-c-t_m¿Up-Iƒ
am{X-ambn sNbpw, amthm-bpw,
se\n\pw \nd-bp∂ Imew.
{]Xy-b-im-kv{XsØ
`b-s∏-Sp-Ibpw Zriy-ßsf
[q¿Ø-Sn-°p-Ibpw sNøp∂
dnbm-en‰n tjmI-fmbn
am¿Ivkn-Ãv `qan-Ibpw
amdp∂ Ime-am-Wn-Xv.

]m

Sn-∏mSn acn-°p-Ib
- mWv
Hcp Ipcp-In¬]-£n-bpsS hn[n
Icn-™p-hm-Sn-bp-Wß
- p-Ib
- mWv
IWn-s°m-∂∏
- q-°f
- psS Zp¿hn[n
cmP-]m-Xb
- °
v c- p-In¬
thcp-d®
- p-t]mb Nq≠p-]e
- I
- I
- ƒ°v
hgn ]d-™p-Xc- m-\m-hn√
F∂n´pw Hcp \nanjw

2008 sabv 9

\mw {]Xo-£m-Ip-ec- m-bn-\n∂p
C\n \-ap°p \sΩ hos≠-Sp°mw
hnP-\h
- o-Yn-If
- psS Nq≠p-]e
- I
- b
- mbn
ChnsS thcp-dbv°mw
(h‘y-Im-e -Ko-X-߃ ˛ kn ]n
h’≥)
Fgp-]-Xp-Iƒ Fs∂ kw_-‘n®v
kn ]n h’-s‚ Ime-am-Wv. At±-l-

Øns‚ "h‘y-Im-eK
- o-X'-ßfpw "]c-∏\m-S≥ Ipdn-∏p'-Ifpw Fgp-]X
- p-Isf X]n∏n® Imew. h‘y-Im-eK
- o-Xß
- ƒ {]kn≤o-Ic- n-®p-hc- p-tºmƒ Fs‚ Ihn-Xm-hmb\ Bcw- ` n- ® n- ´ n- √ . AsXs‚
sslkvIqƒ Imew. ASn-b¥
- c- m-hÿ
- bpsS \ng¬ hoW Imew. dmUn-°¬
CS-Xp-]£w tIc-fsØ kzm[o-\n°p∂ Imew. h‘y-Im-e-Ko-X-߃
Rm≥ hmbn-°p-∂Xv ]ns∂bpw aq∂p
h¿jw Ign-™m-Wv. At∏m-tgbv°pw
At±-lØ
- ns‚ ]c-∏\
- m-S≥ Ipdn-∏p-Ifpw
h∂p Ign-™n-cp-∂p. Fs‚ Xe-apd
s\©n- t e- ‰ nb G‰hpw i‡- a mb
cmjv{So-bm-Jym-\ß
- f
- n¬ h’s‚ IhnXIƒ hcpw. _me-N-{μ≥ Np≈n-°mSns‚ hcn-Iƒ t]mse bphXzw ]mSn-\S-∂n-´n-s√-¶nepw h’s‚ hcn-Iƒ hnNmc-WI
- fpw hntam-N\ {]Xo-£I
- f
- p-ambn
Rß-fpsS H∏w \S-∂p. Aßs\ Hcp
Imew hm¿sØ-Sp-Ø-Xp-sIm-≠mhmw
tIh-ek
- u-μc- y-hm-Zt- ØmSv t£m`m-Ipe-ambn IpX-dp∂ Fgp-Øn-t\mSv C{X-

26

tbsd B`n-apJyw F\n°v tXm∂m≥
Imc-Ww. apIp-μs
- \-sbm∂pw ]cn-KW
- n®n-t´-bn√ Rm≥. CS-Xp-]£w Cu FgpØp-Im-cs\ sImSn-°o-gn¬ \n¿Øn
B\-bn-®p-sIm-≠p-t]m-Ip-∂Xv {]Xo-£n°m≥ t]mepw R߃°v høm-bn-cp-∂p.
k®n-Zm-\-μs‚ ]\nbpw i¶-c-∏n-≈bpsS _wKmfpw hn\-b-N-{μs‚ Ncn{Xhpw (AsX Hcp cmjv{Sob \ne-]m-Span-√msX CS-Xp-th-Zn-If
- n-eq-sSbpw CS-Xphn-cp-≤-th-Zn-I-fn-eq-sSbpw `mc-c-ln-Xambn Hgp-In-s°m-≠n-cn-°p∂ hn\-tb´≥ Xs∂bmWv Ncn-{X-sa-gp-Xn-bXv F∂v
Ct∏mƒ Btem-Nn-°mt\ hø. B
IhnX At±lw Ct∏m-sg-SpØv hmbn°m-dpt≠m Bthm) knhnIv N{μs‚
dn∏-ªn°pw (A-sX, dn∏-ªnIv F∂
Ihn-X-sb-gp-Xn-bXv knhnIv N{μ≥
Xs∂-bm-W.v Ct∏mƒ ]nW-dmbn IΩyqWn-kØ
- ns‚ t]mÿ {]Nm-cI
- \
- m-bn,
km{am-PyXz AP-≠-Isf Bt«-jn°p∂ \h-km-aqly {]ÿm-\ß
- f
- psS
hodp‰ {]Xn-\n-[n-bmbn cwK-Øp-h-∂n´p≈ knhnIv N{μ≥ Xs∂. \nß-fmsc
IΩyq-Wn-Ãm°n F∂ \mS-I-Øns‚
t]cn¬ apJy-[mcm IΩyq-WnÃv {]ÿm\-Øns‚ ]pe`yw tI´ knhn-In\v
h√msX hb- m-bn-cn-°p-∂p. apJy-[mcm
CS- X p- ] - £ - Ø ns‚ Po¿Æ- X - I sf
hmgvØm≥ t{]cn-∏n-°p-∂Xv hm¿≤Iyw
Xs∂-bm-bn-cn-°W
- w. At∏mƒ tZim-`nam-\nbv°pw At±lw _p≤n-Po-hnbpw
Nn¥-I\
- p-am-hpw. Imew a\p-jys\ Cßs\-sbms° am‰n-Øo¿°pw At√?)
Hs° hmbn®v tcmjw sIm≠v \S∂
Imew. A∂v B¿ Fkv Fkv t]mepw
Cß-s\-bm-bn-cp-∂n-√. BƒssZ-h-ßfpsS `P-\-a-WvU-en-bn-tem, Aø∏≥

25
s∏-´X
- .v lnμp-Xz-cm-j{v So-bØ
- ns‚ apt∂‰-am-bn-cp∂p CXns‚ t{]c-W. BtKm-fh¬°-cW kmº-ØnI \S-]S- n-Iƒ Cu
{]{In-bsb Xzcn-X-s∏-Sp-Øn. h¿§ob
˛Pm-Xob kwL¿jw s]cp-Ip-Ib
- m-bncp∂p ^ew. H∏w Xs∂ Bflo-b-XbpsS hmWn-Py-ap-Jhpw cwKw ssIø-S°n. amXm Aar-Xm-\μ
- a- b
- n, {io {io chni-¶¿, kXy-km-bn-_m_, apcn-ßq-cnse
[ym\-tI-{μw, s]¥-t°mkvXv kphn-tij-{]-h¿Ø-\w, Icn-kvam-‰nIv [ym\w
XpSßn ]e cq]-ßf
- n¬ Bflob hyhkmbw ]nSn-ap-dp-°n. CXn-s\-Xnsc CSXp-]£ {]ÿm-\ß
- ƒ hep-Xm-sbm∂pw
cwK-Øn-dß
- n-bn√. ]gb aX-{]-h¿Ø-\ß-fn¬\n∂v Ch ]q¿Æ-ambpw hyXy2008 sabv 9

hnf-°ns‚ ]me-s°mºv Fgp-∂-≈∏ntem Bbn-cp-∂n√ Ahsc I≠n-cp-∂Xv. Ah¿ ASn-b-¥-cm-h-ÿ-tbmSv Hfnbp≤w \S-Øp-I-bm-bn-cp-∂p. ho´p-ap-‰tØbv°v Ipcp-t£-{X-sa-dn™v \S-∂pt]m-Ip∂ B¿ Fkv Fkv Imcs\
F\n- t °m¿Ω- b p- ≠ v . i_- c n- a - e - b ntebv°v Idp∏p Np‰ntbm s\‰n-bn¬
Nμ-\-°pdn sXmt´m Hcp kn ]n Fw
Imc≥ ]c-ky-s∏-Sp-Øm≥ aSn-®n-cp∂
Imew. sNKp-th-cb
- psS Nn{X-߃ sXcphp-If
- n¬ C{X-tbsd {]Xy-£s
- ∏-´n-´n√
A∂v. sNKp-th-c-bpsS hN-\-߃
]s£ C∂-tØ-°mƒ apg-ßn-tI-´n-cp∂p. sNKp-th-cs- b-°p-dn®v \ntIm-tfmkv
Knbs‚ IhnX ]I¿Øn-sb-SpØv {]Ncn-∏n-®n-cp-∂p. CXv sNKp-th-cb
- psS hN\-߃ Xa-kvI-cn-°-s∏-Sp∂ Imew.
]m¿´n ktΩ-f-\-ß-fpsS Ae-¶m-ct_m¿Up-Iƒ am{X-ambn sNbpw, amthmbpw, se\n\pw \nd-bp∂ Imew. {]Xyb-im-kv{XsØ `b-s∏-Sp-Ibpw Zriyßsf [q¿Ø-Sn-°p-Ibpw sNøp∂ dnbmen‰n tjmI-fmbn am¿Ivkn-Ãv `qan-Ibpw
amdp∂ Ime-am-Wn-X.v apk¬am-\mb Hcp
"Un^n' kJm-hns‚ Ieym-W-Øn\v
Ign™ BgvN t]mbn-cp-∂p. Un^n°m¿ \m´nb Hcp ^vfIvkv t_m¿Up≠m-bn-cp∂p ]¥-en¬. \Sp°v Aht‚bpw Ah≥ hnhmlw sNøm≥
t]mIp∂ s]¨Ip-´n-bp-tSbpw apJ߃. he-Xp-`m-KØv ]cn-ip-≤a- mb IA_-bpsS Nn{Xw. CS-Xp-`m-KØv sNKp-thc. Xo¿®-bmbpw CS-Xp-`m-K-Øp-X-s∂.
Fgp-]-Xp-I-fnse tamcns‚ ]pfn∏v
D≈n¬ \n∂v t]mIm-ØX
- p-sIm-≠m-hWw, F\nbv°v h√mØ Atem-k-c-w
tXm-∂n. Rm≥ ]d-™p.
kvX-amWv F∂-XmWv apJy LS-Iw.
am^nbm aqe-[-\-hp-ambn _‘-s∏´v
hnI-kn-°p∂ Cu Bflob hn]W\
tI{μ-߃ CS-Xp-]-£-Øn\pw ]∞yamWv F∂-XmWv hna¿i-\ß
- sf XS- s∏-Sp-Øn-bX
- .v thm´p-_m-¶ns‚ _em-_e- ß sf \n¿Æ- b n- ° m\pw tZiob
cmjv{So-b-Øn-se-t]mepw ka-hm-Iyßsf kzm[o-\n-°p-hm-\p-ap≈ tijn
Cu BXvaob hyh-kmb tI{μ-߃
ssIh-cn®p F∂-Xm-bn-cp∂p hna¿i-Isc
\n»-_Zv c- m-°n-bX
- .v BtKm-fh
- ¬°-cW
- Øns‚ ^e-amb kmaqly Ac-£nXXzw e£-°W
- °
- n-\m-fp-Isf CØcw
ambn-I-h-e-b-ß-fn-te°v BI¿jn°p∂p F∂ Xncn-®-dnhpw Ah-tbmSp
ka-c-k-s∏-Sm≥ cmjv{Sob {]ÿm-\-

"c≠pw-IqSn th≠m-bn-cp-∂p. H∂v
aXn-bm-bn-cp-∂p.'
"Nn{X-ß-ft√ amtj. Unssk≥
sNøp-tºmƒ icn°pw tNcp-∂X
- t√?'
Rms\m∂pw ]d-™n-√.
C°m-eØv sNKp-th-c-®n{Xw as‰hnsS {]Xy-£s
- ∏-Sm-\mWv At√? Fw
F t__n t]mepw t^m-t´m-hn\p
t]mkv sNøp-tºmƒ ]›m-Ø-e-`wKnbv°v sNKp-th-cb
- psS Nn{Xw hbv°p∂p. Aßs\ Hcp Nn{Xw I≠v Hcp sNdp∏-°m-c≥ tNmZn-®t- Xm¿°p-∂p.
"At±-lØ
- ns‚ IqsS hnπhw \SØnb Bfm- W t√ sNKp- t hc?'
As√∂v C°m-eØv Dd-∏n-®p-]d- b
- m≥
sI C F≥ Ip™-l-Ω-Zn\p t]mepw
ss[cyw ImWn-√. ]ns∂ Fs‚ Imcyw
]d-bm-\p-t≠m. Rm≥ At∂cw kn ]n
h’s‚ h‘y-Im-eK
- o-Xß
- ƒ Hm¿Øp.
Nne hcn-Iƒ D≈n¬ apg-ßn.
_en-bq-]Ø
- n¬ Xf-®nSs∏´-XmWv
\ΩpsS PohnXw
Cu s]m≥\q-ep-s]m-´n-°m≥
\ap-°m-hn√
em‰n-\t- a-cn-°b
- psS
A[p-\mX-\ hnπ-hh
- o-cy-ßs- f-°p-dn-®pw
tlmNn-ans‚ XmSn-tcm-aß
- s
- f-°p-dn®pw
\ap-°q-‰w-sIm≠v IhnX ]mSmw
B{^n-°b
- nse Im∏n-cn-°p-cp-∂n-s\-∏‰- nbpw
sdUv C¥y≥ Aºn≥ap\-sb-°p-dn®pw
\ap-°m-th-iw-sIm≈mw
\ap°v hm°p-If
- n¬ \Ivks
- se-‰mhmw
ImcWw
Bfl-h©
- \
- °
- n-hnsS
in£-Is- fm-∂p-an-√.
am\y-tc, CX-]I
- S- c- lnX taJ-eb
- m-W.v
h‘y-Im-eK
- o-Xß
- ƒ
ßsf \n¿_-‘n-®n-cn-°-Ww. CXn-s‚sb√mw ^ew aX-tam, aX-Øns‚ t]cnep≈ a‰p ab-°p-ac- p-∂p-Itfm G‰-hp-a[nIw hn‰-gn-°-s∏-Sp∂ Hcn-S-ambn
tIcfw amdn-°g- n™p F∂-Xm-Wv. aebm-fnsb ab-°n-°n-S-Øm≥ aXhpw
Ct∏mƒ hym]-I-ambn D]-tbm-Kn-°s∏Sp∂p. kmaq-lnI Ac-£n-X-XzØns‚ ImeØv cmjv{Sob Pm{KX Xe
Ip\n-°p-Ibpw ]Icw aXm-fl-IX
kmaqlnI \nb-{¥Ww Gs‰-Sp-°pIbpw sNøpw F∂-Xns‚ shfn-s∏-S¬
Ct∏mƒ \ΩpsS \m´n-ep-≠v. aX-Øn\v
a\p-jys\ \n¿Ωn-°m-\m-Ip-∂n-s√-¶nepw
hym]- I - a mb Hcp hyh- k m- b ambnØocm≥ km{am-Py-Xz-Im-eØv
km[n®ncn°p-∂p.

27

]w‡n

Xo{h-hmZw Dt]-£n-®-hsc
Xa-kvI-cn-°-W-sat∂m?
laoZv tN∂-aw-K-eq¿
Xo{h-hmZw Dt]-£n-®-hsc Xa-kvI-cn-°pI IqSn thWw
Xo{h-hm-Z-hn-cp-≤-t]m-cm´w hnP-bn-°m≥ F∂ \ymbw
AXn-cp-I-S-∂-Xm-Wv. Xo{h-hm-Z-a-kvXn-jv°-ßfpw
{]P-\-\-tI-{μ-ßfpw {]k-cn-∏n-°p∂ a\p-jy-Xz-hn-cp-≤hpw
aX-hn-cp-≤-hp-amb hnj-\n¿`-cm-i-b-߃°pw
{]tbm-K-߃°pw t\¿°p-t\¿ km£n-I-fm-b-h¿,
Ah-bpsS \riw-kX hf-cp∂ Xe-ap-dsb
t_m[y-s∏-Sp-Øm≥ {ian-°p-∂-Xns\ F¥n\v XS-bWw?
AØ-c-°msc F¥n\v Xa-kvI-cn-°Ww? A\p-`-h-ÿ-cpsS
BJym-\-Øns‚ i‡n, Fs¥m-s°-bm-bm-epw
a‰p-≈-h-cpsS BJym-\-Øn\v ssIh-cn-√.

hnS ]d™ c≠p-t]¿ Cw•-≠n-ep-≠v.
FZv lpssk\pw amPnZv \hm-kpw. aXau-enI {]ÿm-\-amb Pam-AsØ
C…man hgn lnkv_p-Xzm-ln-dn-seØnb Ah¿, C…m-anI Xo{h-hm-ZØns‚ {]Xyb-im-kv-{X-Øn-e-S-ßn-b
aX-hn-cp-≤X
- bpw a\p-jy-Xz-hn-cp-≤Xbpw
t\cn¬ a\- n-em°n Xo{h-hm-Z˛- `- o-Ic
- hmZ ]mX Dt]-£n-®h
- c- m-W.v lnwkbpw
Ak-ln-jW
v p-Xbpw sIm√pw sIme-hnfnbpw aX- a - s √∂ Xncn- ® - d n- h n¬
\n∂mWv B {_n´ojv ap…n-߃ C…mankw F∂-dn-b-s∏-Sp∂ ctWm-’pI
ssZh-im-kv{X-tØmSv hnS sNm√n-bX
- v.
lpssk\pw \hmkpw tN¿∂v
{_n´≥ Bÿm-\-am°n "Izn√-\nbw
^ut≠- j ≥' F∂ t]cn¬ Hcp
ÿm]\w cq]-hX
- vIc
- n-®n-´p-≠v. C…mw
aX-Øns‚ kuay-apJw Db¿Øn-∏n-Sn°p∂ Ah¿ cq]-I¬∏\ sNbvX
^ut≠-j≥ C…mankw, Pnlm-Znkw
F∂o hntZz-jm-flI {]Xy-b-im-kv{Xßsf \ncm-Ic- n-°p-∂p. aX-_l
- p-kz-cX
- bmWv ^ut≠-j≥ Db¿Øn-∏n-Sn-°p-∂-

{_n

´ojv ]uc-\mb knbm-hp±o≥ k¿Zm¿ A¥m-cmjv{S-Xe
- Ø
- n¬ Adn-bs
- ∏-Sp∂ ap…nw _p≤n-Po-hn-bm-Wv. C…man-s\-°p-dn®pw kwkvIm-cs- Ø-°p-dn®pw {it≤-bß
- f
- mb \m¸Xn-e[
- nIw ]pkvXI
- ß
- s
- f-gp-Xnb k¿Zm¿ aX-bm-Ym-ÿn-Xn-IX
- zØn-s‚bpw aX-au-en-I-hm-Z-Øn-s‚bpw FXn¿tN-cn-bn-emWv
F∂pw \ne-bp-d∏
- n-®p-t]m-∂n-´p-≈X
- v.{- _n-´\
- n-epƒs∏sS temIØns‚ hnhn-[`- m-Kß
- f
- n¬ ImWs∏-Sp∂ C…m-anI Xo{h-hm-ZØns‚ \ninX hna¿i-I\
- mb At±lw am\-hn-IX
- sb \ncm-Icn-°p∂ aX-`m-jy-߃°v ]Sn°v ]pdtØ F°m-eØpw ÿm\w
\¬In-bn-´p-≈q.
F∂m¬ k¿Zm¿ CønsS Fgp-Xnb Hcp teJ\w At±-lØns‚ \ne-]m-Sp-Iƒ-Ad- n-bp-∂h
- c- n¬ A¬]w Aº-c∏
- p-fh
- m-°p∂-Xmbn. e≠-\nse "Km¿Un-b≥' ]{X-Øns‚ tªmKn¬ \ns∂SpØv "Z lnμp' (25-˛04-˛08) {]kn-≤o-I-cn® B teJ-\-Øns‚
Du∂¬ aX-Xo-{h-hmZw Dt]-£n-®h
- ¿°v \¬I-s∏-Sp∂ ]ªn-kn‰n-s°-Xn-sc-bm-Wv. ap≥Xo-{h-hm-Zn-Iƒ°v t]cpw {]i-kvXnbpw
\¬In-°q-sS-∂mWv teJ-I≥ hmZn-°p-∂X
- .v
"lnkv_p-Xzm-ln¿' F∂ ap…nw Xo{h-hmZ kwL-S\
- t- bmSv
2008 sabv 9

28

knbm-hp-Zo≥ k¿Zm¿

Nne A]-Iz-t_m-[y-ß-fpsS ASn-ÿm-\-Øn-emWv
sNdp-∏-°m¿ Xo{h-hm-Z-˛-`o-I-c-hmZ kc-Wn-bn-te°v Xncn-bp-∂-Xv.
AhnsS FØn-s∏-´p-I-gn-™m¬ Xncn-®p-\-SØw A{X Ffp-∏-a-√.
A{X-am{Xw A®-S°w Xo{h-hm-Z-{Kq-∏p-Iƒ Dd-∏p-h-cp-Øp∂p
F∂-XmWv Imc-Ww. AXn-`o-I-c-amb Cu A®-S-°sØ
adn-I-S-°m≥ am{Xw a\-»-‡nbpw Bi-b-_-e-hp-≈-h¿t°
Xncn-®p-\-SØw km[y-am-hq.
Xv. C…m-anI Xo{h-hm-ZØ
- n-\p≈ adp-acp∂v C…m-anI _lp-kz-c-X-bm-sW∂t{X FZv lpssk-s‚bpw amPnZv \hmkn-s‚bpw kpNn-¥n-Xm-`n-{]m-bw.
en_-d¬ C…m-ans‚ ]£Øv \nebp-d-∏n®p t]m∂ knbm-hp-Zo≥ k¿Zmdn\v FZv lpssk-s\bpw amPnZv \hmkn-s\bpw t]mep≈ ap≥Xo-{h-hm-ZnIƒ°pw Ah-cp-≠m-°nb Izn√\nbw
^ut≠-j\pw e`n-°p∂ AwKo-Imchpw JymXnbpw Dƒs°m-≈m≥ km[n°p-∂n-√. ap≥Xo-{h-hm-Zn-Iƒ°p e`n°p∂ AwKo-Im-chpw {]i-kX
v nbpw IqSpX¬ sNdp-∏-°msc Xo{h-hm-Z-Øns‚
\oN-am¿§-Øn-tebv°v \bn-°p-sa-∂mWv
At±-lØ
- ns‚ hne-bn-cp-ج. sX√pImew Xo{h-hm-Zn-If
- mbn \S-∂,v ]n∂oSv
anX- h mZ C…m- a n- t e°v amdn- b m¬
X߃ sIm≠m-S-s∏-Sp-sa∂p IcpXn
]ecpw Xo{h-hm-Zk
- w-LS- \
- I
- f
- n-tebv°v
tNt°dpw F∂v k¿Zm¿ A`n-{]m-bs- ∏Sp-∂p.
{]Xy-£-Øn¬ Xs∂ _men-iamWo hmZw. H∂m-aX
- m-bn, Nne A]-Izt_m-[y-ßf
- psS ASn-ÿm-\Ø
- n-emWv
sNdp-∏°
- m¿ Xo{h-hm-Z˛- `- o-Ic
- h
- mZ kcWn-bn-te°v Xncn-bp-∂-Xv. AhnsS
FØn-s∏-´p-Ig- n-™m¬ Xncn-®p-\S- Øw
A{X Ffp-∏a- √
- . A{X-am{Xw A®-S°w
Xo{h-hm-Z-{Kq-∏p-Iƒ Dd-∏p-h-cp-Øp∂p
F∂-XmWv Imc-Ww. AXn-`o-I-c-amb
2008 sabv 9

Cu A®-S°
- sØ adn-IS- °
- m≥ am{Xw
a\-»‡
- nbpw Bi-b_
- e
- h
- p-≈h
- ¿t°
Xncn-®p-\S- Øw km[y-am-hq. c≠m-aX
- mbn, t]cpw s]cp-abpw t\Sp-∂X
- n\v Hcp
\c-IØ
- n-te°v FSp-Øp-Nm-Sm≥ am{Xw
t`mjØw ImWn-°p-∂h
- ¿ AXy]q¿ham-bn-cn-°pw. am{X-a√
- , AØcw JymXn
ss\an-jn-Ia- m-sW-∂Xpw hkvXpX-bmWv. Nº¬°m-Sp-If
- n¬ \n∂v km[m-cW-Po-hn-X-Øn-te°v aS-ßnb sIm≈°m¿ A]q¿h-a-√, Ah-cn¬ Nne {]tXyI kml- N - c y- ß ƒ ImcWw
{]ikvXn t\Snb ^qe≥ tZhnsb am‰n\n¿Øn-bm¬, at‰Xv ap≥ {Inan-\e
- n-s\bmWv C∂v P\߃ Hm¿°p-∂Xv?
^qe≥ tZhn°v e`n® sh-≈n-sh-fn-®Øn¬ BIr-jSv c- mbn Bcpw Nº-¬°mSp-I-fn¬ sIm≈-°m-cmbn t]mbn-s√∂Xpw Hm¿°m-hp-∂X
- m-W.v
aX-Xo-{h-hm-ZØ
- n-s\-Xn-cn¬ {]Nm-cWhpw t_m[-hX
- vIc
- W
- hpw \S-Øp-IbmWv FZv lpssk\pw \hmkpw
sNøp-∂X
- .v kam-[m-\Ø
- nepw kap-Zm-bku-{`m-{X-Ønepw k¿thm-]cn a\p-jymh-Im-iß
- f
- nepw hniz-kn-°p-∂h
- ¿B
bXv\sØ t{]m’m-ln-∏n-°p-∂n-s√¶n¬ FXn¿°m-Xn-cn-°p-I-sb-¶nepw
sNtø-≠X
- p-≠.v knbm-hp-±o≥ k¿Zm¿,
]t£ H´pw A\p-tbm-Py-a-√mØ Hcp]-am-\-Øn-eqsS B kwcw-`sØ Ahtl-fn-°p-∂p. At±-l-Øns‚ tNmZyw

CXmWv : {`m¥m- e bw \∂m- ° m≥
{`m¥m-ebw hnSp-∂h
- sc h√-hcpw NpaX-es- ∏-Sp-Øm-dpt≠m?
Xo{h-hmZw Dt]-£n-®-h¿ Xo{hhmZw F∂ {`m¥m-eb
- sØ \∂m-°m\√ {ian- ° p- ∂ - s X∂ {]mY- a nI
hkvXpX teJ-I≥ hnkva-cn-°p-∂p.
Xo{h-hmZw F∂ {`m¥m-e-b-Øns‚
D∑q-e\
- a- mWv Ah¿ e£yw sh°p-∂Xv. B {`m¥m-eb
- Ø
- n-te°v At¥-hmkn- I sf e`n- ° m- X n- c n- ° m- \ p≈
_u≤nIbXv\ß
- f
- n-em-Wh
- ¿ apgp-Ip- ∂Xv. IØp∂ Xncn-bn-te°v Cubmw-]m-‰Iƒ F∂-t]mse Xo{h-hmZ {]Xy-bi
- mkv{X-Øn-te°v ]m™p-\-S-°p-∂-h-cp≠v. Xncn-bn¬ ImØn-cn-°p-∂Xv XßfpsS \mi-am-sW∂v a\- n-em-°msX
]m‰-I-sf-t∏mse Xo{h-hm-Z-Øns‚
s\cn-t∏m-Sn¬ X߃°mbn Icp-Xn-sh®n-cn-°p-∂Xv arXyphpw \mi-hp-am-sW∂v
Atßm-´p IpXn-°p-∂-hcpw a\- nem°p-∂n-√. a‰p-≈h
- s- c s- Im-√m\pw Nmthdmbn kzbw acn-°m\pw Hcp aXhpw
Bscbpw ]Tn-∏n-°p-∂n-s√∂ hkvXpXbpw Xo{h-hmZ el-cn-bn¬ Ah¿ ad∂p-t]m-Ip-∂p.
knbm-hp-±o≥ k¿Zm¿ hmZn-°p-∂Xv
Xo{h-hm-ZØ
- n\v hfw sh®p-sIm-Sp-°p∂
Ht´sd kmaq-lnI ˛ cmjv{Sob kmlN-cy-߃ {_n´-\pƒs∏sS ]e cmjv{Sßfnepw \ne-\n¬°p-∂p-s≠-∂m-Wv.
CsXmcp ]pXnb hmZ-a-√. Xo{h-hmZ ˛
`oI-ch
- mZ Iq´m-bvaI
- sf hna¿in-°p-∂h-sc√mw ]¶n-Sp-∂-XmWv B \nco-£Ww. kmaq-ln-I Ak-aX
- zw, hnth-N\
- w,
km{am-Py-Xz-\n-jTv q-cX
- I
- ƒ XpSßn ]e
LS-Iß
- ƒ Xo{h-hm-Zn-Iƒ°v {]tNm-ZI
- am-bn-Øo-cp∂p≠v. Xo¿®-bmbpw Ahbvs°-Xn-sc-bp≈ cmjv{Sob t]mcm-´ßƒ IqSn thWw Xo{h-hm-Z-Øns‚
hf¿® XS-bm≥. ]t£ Xo{h-hmZw
Dt]-£n-®-hsc Xa-kvI-cn-°pI IqSn
thWw Xo{h-hm-Zh
- n-cp-≤t- ]m-cm´w hnPbn-°m≥ F∂ \ymbw AXn-cp-IS- ∂
- X
- mWv. Xo{h-hm-Za- k
- X
v n-j°
v ß
- fpw {]P-\\-tI-{μ-ßfpw {]k-cn-∏n-°p∂ a\p-jyXz-hn-cp-≤hpw aX-hn-cp-≤-hp-amb hnj\n¿`-cm-ib
- ß
- ƒ°pw {]tbm-Kß
- ƒ°pw
t\¿°p-t\¿ km£n-I-fm-b-h¿, AhbpsS \riw-kX hf-cp∂ Xe-ap-dsb
t_m[y-s∏-Sp-Øm≥ {ian-°p-∂-Xns\
F¥n\v XS- b Ww? AØ- c - ° msc
F¥n\v Xa-kI
v c- n-°Ww? A\p-`h
- ÿ
- cpsS BJym-\Ø
- ns‚ i‡n, Fs¥ms°-bm-bm-epw a‰p-≈h
- c
- psS BJym-\Øn\v ssIh-cn-√.

29

t\mh¬

t\mh¬ CXp-hsc
Xn{In-Øn\p kao]w A¬ AhvP {Kma-Øn¬ A[n-\n-th-iß
- ƒ sIm≈-bS- n® Cdm-Jns‚ ssZ\yw
t]dn Pohn-°p∂ lpssk≥ A¬ aPoZns‚ IpSpw-_w. Iym≥k¿ _m[n-X-bmb aI≥ ^ntdm-kn\v
th≠ NnIn’ sImSp-°m-\m-hmsX B Ip™p acn-®t- XmsS lpssks‚ `mcy kp_lv G√m-‰nepw
hnc-‡b
- mbn Ign-bp-∂p. Xs‚ Dc-ZØ
- n¬ as‰mcp Poh≥ hf-cp-∂X
- d- n™ \nanjw apX¬ Ahƒ°-Xnt\mSv shdp-∏pw ]Ibpw tXm∂n. F∂m¬ lpssk≥ ]nd-°m≥ t]mIp∂ B Ip™n¬ \mSns‚
hntam-NIs\ kz]v\Z- ¿i\w sNbvXp. Ahfm-Is´ F√m \n¿`m-Ky-߃°pw \nan-Øa- mbn°≠v AXns\
\in-∏n-°m≥ B{K-ln-®p. F√mw sIm≠pw D∑m-Zn-sb-t∏mse Bbn-Øo¿∂ lpssk≥ hoSpw \mSpw
Dt]-£n®v Fhn-tSbvt°m A{]-Xy-£\
- m-bn. kp_lv Bfl-lX
- ybv°p {ian-s®-¶nepw ]cm-Pb
- s
- ∏-´p.
H‰-s∏-S-en-s‚bpw \n -lm-b-X-bp-sSbpw Bfl-\n-μ-bp-sSbpw aq¿≤-\y-Øn¬ Xm≥ {]k-hn®
Ip™ns\bpw Ahƒ shdp-Øp. Xs‚ PohnXw Iodn-∏n-f¿∂ Ahs\ FXn-cnSp∂h-\mbn k¶¬∏n®v
k±mw, k±mw F∂-edn Ahƒ AI-‰m≥ {ian-®p. k±m-ans‚ kwc-£Ww kp_-lns‚ ktlm-Z-c≥
ssJc≈ Gs‰-Sp-Øp. Abmƒ cmPy-kvt\-ln-bmb ]´m-f°
- m-c\
- m-Wv. ap≥ k¿h-Ie
- m-im-em-[ym-]I
- ≥
tUmIvS¿ ^mkn¬ A_vZpƒ hmlnZv Aen, ]´m-f°
- m-c\
- mbn Cdm-Jn-se-Øn AhnsS hyh-kmbn Bbn
]m¿∏p-d∏
- n® ae-bmfn Aao¿lw-k, Ihn-bmb apl-ΩZv A_vZp, Ncn-{X-Ønepw kmwkvIm-cnI ss]XrI-Ønepw {`m¥-amb A`n-\n-th-ia- p≈ C{_mlow XpSßn kaq-lØ
- ns‚ hnhn[ t{iWn-bn¬ s]´h¿ ssJc-≈b
- psS kplrZvkwL-Øn-ep-≠.v lpssk≥ Xncn-®p-hc- p-sa∂ {]Xo-£b
- n¬ Ign-™n-cp∂
kp_-lns\ Ah-fpsS kΩXw IqSmsX lpssks‚ A\p-P≥ C{_mlnw A¬ jmhnjv {Kma-Øn¬
Iq´n-s°m-≠p-h∂v Xma-kn-∏n-°p-∂p. DΩ-tbm-sSm∏w Xma-kn® k±m-ans\ Cf-b—≥ kvIqfn-eb
- b
- v°msX ]e-hn[ ]oU-\ß
- ƒ°nc-bm-°n. k±mw Cf-b—
- \
- n¬
\n∂p c£-s∏´v _mKvZm-Zn¬ ssJc-≈b
- psS ASp-sØ-Øn. ssJc≈ k±m-ans\
XpS¿∂p ]Tn-∏n-°p-∂p. C¥y kzX-{¥-bm-bX
- n¬ Aao¿lw-kb
- pw kplr-Øp-°fpw
kt¥m-jn-s®-¶nepw C¥ym-hn-`P
- \
- hpw Km‘n-Pn-bpsS h[hpw Ahsc ZpxJn-∏n°p-∂p.
XpS¿∂p-hm-bn-°p-I

Cc-Iƒ Fgp-Xp∂p
15
tUm. Fw sI NmμvcmPv / lcn-Zm-k≥

\

√ Db-cw, HØ X
- S- n. Bcp-I≠mepw H∂p-t\m-°n-t∏m-Ip∂ BImc-`w-Kn. apg-°-ap≈ i_vZw. A[ym-]I¿°pw kl-]m-Tn-Iƒ°pw k±m-ans\
CjvSa- m-W.v hnIr-Xn-Im-´p-∂h
- sc I≠p]n-Sn-°m≥ A[ym-]-I≥ k±m-an-s\bmWp \ntbm-Kn-°p-∂-Xv. Ip´n-Iƒ
_l-f-ap-≠m-°n-bm¬ k±mw CS-s]Spw. ASn-]n-Sn-Iq-Sp-∂h
- sc Ah≥ Nnet∏mƒ ssIImcyw sNøpw; _e-{]-tbmKhpw th≠nh-t∂-°pw. AXn-\p-X°
2008 sabv 9

]mS-hhpw a\-°-cpØpw {Kma-Ønse
PohnXw Ah\p \¬In-bn-cp-∂p.
kvIqƒ Akwªn \S-°p-I-bm-Wv.
slUvam-ÿ Xs‚ {]kw-K-Øn\p
tijw Adn-bn®p: kvIqƒ eoUsd Xncs™-Sp-t°-≠-Xp-≠v. Hcmsf \n߃
Xnc-s™-Sp-°W
- w. Hmtcm Ip´n°pw Hcp
hnZym¿Ynsb \ma-\n¿tZiw sNøm≥
Ah- I m- i - a p- ≠ v . B \n¿tZ- i sØ
as‰mcp hnZym¿Yn ]n≥Xm- ß - W w.
Aßs\ H∂n¬°q-Sp-X¬ Ip´n-If
- psS

t]cv \n¿tZ-in-°s- ∏-Sp-Ib
- m-sW-¶n¬ Hcp
Znhkw \n›-bn®v \ap°v Xnc-s™-Sp∏v
\S-Ømw. sk°‚dn ¢mkn¬ Db¿∂
Xc-Øn¬ ]Tn-°p∂ Ip´n-Iƒ°mWv
kvIqƒ eoU-dm-Im-\p≈ Ah-Im-iw.
eoUsd Xnc-s™-SpØpIgn-™m¬
Ip´n-If
- psS GXp {]iv\hpw kvIqf-[nIr-Xsc \ymb-amb coXn-bn¬ Adn-bn®v
AXn\p ]cn- l mcw ImWm- \ p- ≈
_m[yX B eoU¿°m-W.v Ip´n-If
- psS
\ymb-amb GX-h-Im-ihpw eoU-tdmSv

30

D∂-bn-°mw. eoU¿ AXp-t\-Sn-sb-SpØv
Ip´n-Iƒ°v \¬Im-\p≈ Npa-X-ebpw
Gs‰-Sp°-Ww. G‰hpw DØ-a-\mb,
kz`m-hK
- p-Wa- p≈, ]T-\Ø
- nepw ]T-t\Xc {]h¿Ø- \ - ß - f nepw Htc

2008 sabv 9

t]mse ]¶m-fn-Ø-ap≈ Bfm-bn-cn°Ww kvIqƒ eoU¿. \n߃°v
Gh¿°pw DØ-a-t_m-[y-ap≈ Bsf

am{Xta Xnc-s™-Sp-°m-hq.
Aao-Zns‚ Adn-bn-∏p-tI´v Ip´n-Iƒ
A¬∏-k-abw \n»-_vZ-cm-bn. ASpØ
\nanjw H∂n¬ IqSpX¬ Ip´n-I-fpsS
\mhn¬ \n∂v Htc-t]¿ Xs∂ ]pd-s∏´p. kvIqƒ eoU-dmbn k±mw lpssks\
\n¿tZ-in-°p-∂p. \nan-j-ß-fpsS \n»_v Z - X bv ° p tijw ho≠pw ]e
IWvTß-fn¬ \n∂pw
Htc-ka- bw i_vZw
]pd-Øp-h∂p:
]n¥m-ßp∂p;
k±m-ans\ ]n¥mßp-∂p. as‰mcp
Ip´n-bpsS
t]cpw Bcpw
\n¿tZ-in-®n√;
]n¥m-ßn-bp-an√. slUvamÃdpw a‰v A[ym]-Icpw Nncn-®pt]m- b n. AhcpsS Nncn-bn¬
kwXr- ] v X n- b p≠m- b n- c p- ∂ p.
a‰m-cpsS t]cpw
B¿°pw \n¿tZin-°m-\nt√?
slUvam-ÿ
Dds° tNmZn-®p.
Ip´n-Iƒ Ghcpw
Dds° Htc
i_vZ-Øn¬
hnfn®p]d™p:
Cu kvIqfn¬
Htc-sbmcp eoU-td-bp-≈q.
k±mw
lpssk≥.
R߃°-bmsf hnizmk-am-Wv. Hcp t- Im-dk
- nse-∂-hÆw CXp-]d™p \n¿Ønbt∏mƒ {][m-\m-[ym-]I≥ ]d™p: k±mw
lpssk≥ ap∂n-te°p hcq.
Ip´n- I - f psS l¿jm- c - h ߃°n-S-bn¬ \n∂v k±mw
apt∂m-´p-h∂
- p. Ahs‚ IÆpIƒ F¥n-s\-∂n-√msX \nd™p-Xp-fp-ºn-bn-cp-∂p. Ip´nIfpw A[ym-]I
- cpw Xmfm-flI-ambn ssIsIm´n k±mans\ thZn-bn-te-°m-\-bn-®p.
AaoZv k±m-ans\ tXmfn¬ X´n A`n-\μn-®n´v Dds° ]d™p: k±m-ans\ Cu
h¿jsØ kvIqƒ eoU-dmbn {]Jym-]n°p-∂p. AtXmsS Ip´n-If
- psS ssIbSn

31

AXyp-®Ø
- n¬ apg-ßn. XpS¿∂v AaoZv
k±m-an\v {]Xn-⁄m-hm-NIw sNm√ns°m-Sp-Øp. BZy-sam∂v \ncp-≤I
- W
- vT\m-sb-¶nepw ]ns∂ ka-\ne ]men®v

2008 sabv 9

k±mw {]Xn-⁄m-hm-NIw kphy-‡ambpw kpZr-Va- mbpw sNm√n-Øo¿Øp.
ho≠pw Ic-tLm-ja- p-b¿∂p. Ic-tLm-jØn\p tijw Ip´n-Iƒ Xß-fpsS

D¬kmlw s\©n¬ ssIsIm≠v Xmfan-´p≈ kwL-Km-\m-em-]-\-Øn-eqsS
{]I-Sn-∏n-®p. Akw-ªn-bn¬ CS-Xp-hiØp hcn-bmbn \n∂n-cp∂ s]¨Ip´n-Iƒ ]m´n-\\
- p-kc
- n-®p≈ Xmf-Øn¬
\rØ®ph-Sp-Iƒ h®p. BsI°qSn Hcp
D¬k-hm-¥c- o£w. Km\hpw \rØhpw
Xo¿∂-t∏mƒ AaoZv ssIbp-b¿Øn.
F√m-hcpw \n»-_vZc
- m-Im≥ \n¿tZiw
\¬In. XpS¿∂v A±lw Adn-bn®p:
kvIqƒ eoU-dmb k±mw lpssk≥
C\n- \n- ß - t fmSv kwkm- c n°pw.
slUvam-ÿ Xs‚ ap∂nse ssa°v
k±m-an-\c
- n-In-te°p \o°n. k±m-ans‚
hn\- b - ] q¿hhpw apg- ß p- ∂ - X p- a mb
i_vZw Db¿∂p. A¬ C¬ap- \qdp≥ ˛
⁄m\w {]Im- i - a - b - a mWv F∂
B]vXhmIy-tØmsS XpS-ßnb k±mans‚ {]kwKw hnZym¿P-\-Øns‚
{]m[m-\y-sØbpw AXns‚ al-ØzsØbpw DZvtLm-jn-°p-∂-tXm-sSm∏w
cmPy-Øns‚ s]mXp-hmb cmjv{So
bÿnXn-sbbpw hne-bn-cp-Øp-∂X
- m-bncp-∂p. hnZym¿Yn-Iƒ ]T-\t- Øm-sSm∏w
]T-t\-Xc {]h¿Ø-\ß
- fnepw cmjv{S
]p\¿\n¿amW {]h¿Ø-\-ß-fnepw
G¿s∏-tS≠-Xns‚ Bh-iy-I-Xsb
G‰hpw DNn-X-amb hm°p-I-fn-eqsS
Ah-X-cn-∏n-®p. X\n°v Cu ÿm\e_v[n GII-WvT-ambn A\p-hZn®pX∂ Xs‚ kl-]m-Tn-Is- fbpw A[ym]-Is
- cbpw \μn-tbmsS ssIIq-∏n-s°m≠v, hnZym-`ymkw t\Sm≥ Xm≥ A\p`hn® IjvS∏
- m-Sp-Iƒ ]cm-a¿in-°p∂
lrZb kv]¿in-bmb {]kw-Ka- m-bn-cp∂p
AXv. k±m-ans‚ hmKvssh`hw I≠v
A[ym-]I
- ¿ A¬`pXw Iqdn. Ip´n-Iƒ
\o≠ I
- c- t- Lmjw apg°n A`n-\μ
- n-®p.
AaoZv Xs‚ D]-kw-lmc {]kw-KØ
- n¬
Cu kvIqfns‚ Ncn-{X-Øn¬ C{X
lrZy-amb Hcp eoU¿ Xnc-s™-Sp- ∏pw
A\p-_‘ NS-ßp-Ifpw D≠m-bn-´ns√∂v ]d-™p. k±mw lpssks‚ Xncs™-Sp∏v Ip´n-If
- psS hnth-Is
- Øbpw
]Iz-Xs- bbpw ImWn-°p-∂p. kvIqfns‚
apgp-h≥ Bcm-[\
- m-]m-{X-amb k±m-an\v
kvIqƒ Akw-ªnsb F√m-Zn-h-khpw
A`n-kw-t_m-[\ sNøm≥ A\p-hm-Za- p≠m- b n- c n- ° pw, At±lw ]d™p
\n¿Øn...
_mey-Øns‚ hnS-hm-ßepw Iuamc-Øns‚ BK-a-\hpw k±m-an¬ am-‰ßƒ krjvSn-®p. _mKvZm-Znse sXcp-hpI-fn-eqsS H‰bv°p \S-°m≥ Ah≥
Gsd CjvSs- ∏-´p. Nne-t∏mƒ AZv\m\pw
kmPn- X bpw H∏w IqSpw. \_ok

32

AΩsb hn´p-am-dn-√. hrØm-Ir-Xn-bp≈
_mKvZmZv \Kcw k±m-an\v F∂pw
A¬`p-X-am-bn-cp-∂p. Ncn-{X-ap-d-ßp∂
AXns‚ Hmtcm ap°pw aqebpw
Hmtcmtcm ]pXnb Adn-hp-Iƒ Ah-\p]-I¿∂p \¬In....
{][m-\m-[ym-]I
- s‚ ap∂n¬ lmPcm-IW
- s
- a∂v A[ym-]I
- s‚ Adn-bn∏p
In´n-bt- ∏mƒ k±mw BZyw H∂v Aº-c∂p. F¥mhmw ImcWw? Ign™
Znhkw ¢mkn¬ \S∂ ASn-]n-Sn-sb∏‰n Xnc-°m-\m-sW-∂m-bn-cp∂p k±mw
[cn-®X
- .v AXn¬ k±mw Ip‰-°m-c\
- m-bncp-∂n-√. A[ym-]n-Ib
- psS hkv{X-Øn¬
ajn ]pc-´nb hnZym¿Ynsb sXmgn®p
F∂Xp icn-bm-Wv. A°mcyw t_m[n∏n-°Ww. k±mw c≠pw I¬∏n®v AaoZns‚ apdn-bn-se-Øn. At±lw XSn-®I
- Æ-Sb
- n-eqsS k±m-ans\ t\m°n. kKuchw slUvam-ÿ tNmZn-®p: k±mw
lpssk≥, \osb¥m ]Tn-°m-t\m,
AtXm cmjv { So- b - ° m- c - \ m- I mt\m
ChnsS tN¿∂Xv? B tNmZyw Xosc
{]Xo-£n-®-X√ k±mw. Ah≥ H∂pw
an≠n-bn-√. hnZym¿Yn{]I-S-\-Øn¬
ap≥\n-cb
- n¬ \n∂v ap{Zm-hmIyw hnfn®v
PmY \bn-®-Xns\ tNmZyw sNøp-IbmWv slUvam-ÿ. ho≠pw tNmZyw
Bh¿Øn-®p. k±mw hn\bw hnSmsX
Dd® i_v Z - Ø n¬ ]d- ™ p: k¿,
F\n°p ]Tn-°W
- w. hnZym-`ymkw F\nt°sd hne-s∏-´-Xm-Wv. Ah≥ H∂p
\n¿Øn XpS¿∂p: ]Tn-°p-∂t- Xm-sSm∏w
\ΩpsS \mSns\ kw_-‘n-°p∂ hnjb-Øn¬ hnZym¿Yn-Iƒ CS-s]-S-Ww.
Fs‚ A`n-{]mbw AXm-W.v k±m-ans‚
\n›bZm¿Vyw Ie¿∂ adp-]Sn AaoZns\ Ipg-°n. kvIqfn¬ A®-S°
- sØ
_m[n-°p∂ H∂pw Rm≥ A\p-hZ- n-°n√, AaoZv ]d-™p. \n\°p \s√mcp
`mhn-bp-≠v. AXp- I-f™
p-Ip-fn-°c- p-Xv.
Dw, ¢mkn¬ s]mt°m-fq.
k±mw lpssk≥ ¢mkn¬ Xncn-s®Øn-bt- ∏mƒ Iq´p-Im¿ Imcyw Xnc-°n.
hnhcw ]d-™p-tI´ Hcp-k-l-]mTn
tNmZn®p: k±m-ta, \o \∂mbn ]Tn-°p∂p-≠.v ]co-£bv°p \√- am¿°pap≠v.
AsXms° If™pIpfn- ° tWm?
cmjv { So- b - Ø n- e n- d ßn `mhn Xpebv ° tWm? FSm lnam- t d, k±mw
]d™p: \n\- ° - d n- b ptam \ΩpsS
\mSns‚ C∂sØ Ahÿ? F√m-hcpw
IqSn `cn®p`cn®v \ΩpsS \mSns\ apSn°p-I-bm-Wv. AXn-s\-Xnsc h≥ {]Xntj[w Cdm- J n- s eßpw Db- c p- ∂ p.
\mSns\ kv t \ln- ° p∂ F\n°v
2008 sabv 9

AXn¬\n∂p ]n≥Xn-cn-bm≥ Ign-bn-√.
Rm\-Xn¬ CS-s]Spw, F¥p-h∂
- m-epw.
A∂p-cm{Xn AΩm-hs‚ ap∂n¬
k±mw FØn. Ahs‚ apJ- ` m- h w
{i≤n®v ssJc≈ Xnc°n: Dw, F¥p-]‰n
tamt\? k±mw tNmZn®p: k¿°m-cn-s\Xnsc ]pXnb Nph-sc-gp-Øp-Iƒ ImWp∂p-≠t- √m, AΩm-hm. Dw, AXp- i-cn-bmWv, ssJc≈ ]d™p: Hmtcm Znh-khpw
]pXnb ]pXnb kw`-h-߃ D≠m-bns°m-≠n-cn-°p-∂p. kqbkv I\m¬ tZikm¬°- c n- ° m≥ t]mIp∂ CuPn]v‰nse \mk-dn\v FXn-cmbn \n¬°p∂
Cdm-Jn-k¿°m-cns\ sh√p-hn-fn-®p-sIm≠m-bn-cp∂p Ign™ Znh-k-ß-fnse
ka-cs
- a-¶n¬ Ct∏mƒ as‰mcp hnjbw
IqSn... k±mw Xnc°n: AsX¥m? tI´n´nt√ _mKv Z mZv DS- º - S n- s b- ∏ - ‰ n,
ssJc≈ tNmZn-®p. IqSp-X-sem∂pw
Adn-bn-√. Nph-sc-gp-Øp-Iƒ I≠p,
k±mw \n -lm-bX hy‡-am-°n. Ah≥
tNmZn®p: F¥m-WX
- ns‚ {]tXyIX?
ssJc≈ ]d™p: B DS-ºSn \nehn¬ h∂m¬ CdmJv IqSp-X¬ IqSp-X¬
]m›mXyi‡n-Iƒ°p hnt[-ba- m-Ipw.
\ΩpsS hnZym-`ymkw, hmWn-Pyw F∂p
XpSßn F√m afi-e-ß-fnepw AhcpsS B[n-]-Xy-ap-≠m-hpw. Ata-cn°bpw {_n´\pw IqSmsX Xp¿°nbpw
IqSn tN¿∂p-≈-XmWv Cu DS-º-Sn.
_mØv ]m¿´n AXn-s\-Xnsc i‡-amb
\ne-]m-sS-SpØp Ign™p. ka-c]
- c- n-]mSn- I ƒ°p cq]w sImSp- ° p- ∂ p- ≠ v .
hnZym¿Yn-Ifpw A[ym-]-Icpw F∂√
F√m cwKØpap≈hsc kwL-Sn-∏n®mWv kacw \bn-°p-I.
CuPn-]v‰nse \mk¿°v A\p-Iq-eambn \S∂ PmY-bn¬ ]s¶-Sp-ØX
- n\v
slUvam-ÿ Xs∂ hnfn®p imkn-®X
- ns\-°p-dn®v k±mw AΩm-h-t\mSv ]d™p. AX-hc- psS IS-ab
- m-W,v ssJc≈
XpS¿∂p: kvIqfns‚ A®-S°w ]men°pI F∂-Xm-W-h-cpsS I¿Ø-hyw.
A[ym-]I
- c- psS kwL-S\ kacw sNøptºmƒ Cu AaoZv Xs∂ ap≥\n-cb
- n-ep≠m-hp-Ibpw sNøpw. ssJc-≈-bpsS
adp-]Sn k±m-an\v Bizm-ka- m-bn. Ah≥
AΩm-h\v ip`-cm{Xn t\¿∂v apdn-°p- ]pd-Øn-d-ßn. kz¥w apdn-bn¬ t]mbn
]pkvXIw \nh¿Øn ]Tn-°m≥ XpS-ßn.
cm{Xn sshIp- t hmfw k±m- a ns‚
]TnØw XpS¿∂p.

InMv ss^k¬ kvIzb-dn-eqsS Hcp
]Sp-Iq-‰≥ PmY IS-∂p-hcp-∂p. ap{Zm-

hmIyw hnfn-I-fm¬ \Kcw {]I-º\w
sIm≈p-I-bm-Wv. Ad_v hkv{X-߃
[cn®v Aizm-cq-V\
- mb ss^k¬ H∂mas‚ sh≈-am-¿_nƒ {]Xna AXn\p
km£n- b mbn \n¬°p- ∂ p. Ht´sd
kwL-S\
- I
- ƒ Iq´mbn \S-Øp∂ {]IS-\-amWv. BZysØ _m\¿ _mØv
]m¿´n- b p- t S- X m- W v . ssJc- ≈ bpw
Aao¿lw-kbpw a‰pw ssI Npcp´n
A¥-co-£Ø
- n¬ Db¿Øn ap{Zm-hmIyw
hnfn-°p-∂p. ]m¿´n-bpsS t\Xmhv ^uZv
A¬ dnIm_n ap≥\n-cb
- n¬Xs∂bp≠v.
_mØv ]m¿´n-bpsS PmYbv°p tijw
IS-∂p-h∂
- X
- v A[ym-]I
- c- m-W.v _mKvZmZv
bqWn- t h- g v k n- ‰ n- b nse A[ym- ] I¿s°m∏w Cklm°pw D≠v.
hnZym¿Yn-I-fpsS PmY-bmWv G‰hpw
HSp-hn¬. tImsf-Pn-sebpw kvIqfnsebpw hnZym¿Yn-If
- m-WX
- n¬. AXns‚
ap≥\n-c-bn¬ hotdmsS ap{Zm-hmIyw
hnfn-°p-∂Xv k±mw lpssk-\m-Wv.
km{am-PyXzw Xpe-b-s´, \qdn-bpsS
_mKvZmZv DS-ºSn tht≠th≠. Atacn-°˛{_n´≥ A®p-X≠v XI¿°pI XpSßnb ap{Zm-hm-Iy-ß-fp-ambn Bth-itØmsS Ah¿ \oßp-∂p. djy°\p-Iqe-amb ap{Zm-hm-Iyhpw Db-cp-∂p-≠.v
{]I-S-\-°m¿ \Kcw Np‰n A¬
In≥Un sXcp-hn¬ s]mXp-k-tΩ-f\w
\S-Øn. cmPm-hn-s\bpw {][m-\-a-{¥nsbbpw a‰pw \nin-X-ambn hna¿in-®psIm-≠m-bn-cp∂p Hmtcm-cp-Øcpw kwkmcn-®X
- v. CuPn-]v‰nse {]kn-U‚ v \mkdns‚ kqbkv I\m¬ tZi-km¬°-cWsØ hmt\mfw ]pI-gvØnb Ah¿
Ad_v tZio- b - X bv ° v FXn- c mb
_mKvZmZv DS-ºS- n-s°-Xnsc hmIvic- ß
- ƒ
h¿jn-®p.
ktΩ-f\w \S-°p∂ ÿe-amsI
]´m-f-°m-cpsS \nco-£-W-Øn-em-Wv.
AhnsS \S-°p∂ Htcm Ne-\hpw
Ah¿ {i≤n-°p-Ib
- m-W.v Db¿∂ ]´mf
DtZym-Kÿ
- ∑
- m-cpsS B⁄-Iƒ°mbn
Ah¿ A£-ac- mbt]mse. Xnßn-°q-Snbn-cn-°p∂ {]I-S\
- °
- m¿°n-Sb
- n¬ {]`mjWw F√mw {i≤-tbmsS tI´p-sIm-≠ncn-°p-Ib
- mWv k±mw. k±m-ans‚ t\m´w
thZn-bn¬ {]kw-KI
- ¿°n-Sb
- n-en-cn-°p∂
ssJc-≈b
- n-em-Wv. AΩm-h≥ {]kw-Kn°p∂ Dughpw ImØv Bbn-c-ß-fn¬
Hcp-h\
- mbn k±mw Ccp-∂p.
]nt‰∂v Dd-°s
- a-Wo-‰b
- p-S¿ k±mw
tdUntbm hm¿Ø-b°
v mbn BImw-£tbmsS ImØn-cp-∂p. Cdm-Jns‚ F√m
{][m-\s- ∏´ ÿe-ßf
- nepw Kh¨sa‚ v
hncp≤ {]I-S-\-ßfpw s]mXp-tbm-K-

33

ßfpw \S-∂p. \Pm-^nepw samkq-enepw
kam-hm-bnepw _mKvZm-Znepw BWv
i‡-amb kacw \S-∂-Xv. XpS¿∂phcp∂ Znh-k-ß-fn¬ kwL¿jw Gdphm≥ km[y-X-bp-≠v. ka-csØ t\cnSm≥ k¿°m¿ ]e- am¿K-ßfpw Ah-ew_n-°p-∂p-≠.v AXn¬ {][m-\s- ∏´ H∂v
kvIqfp-Ifpw tImsf-Pp-Ifpw A\n-›nX-Im-et- Ø°v ASn-®n-SpI F∂-Xm-W.v
hnZym-eb
- ß
- ƒ AS®p]q´n-bX
- p-ImcWw k±m-an\v Hgn-hp-ka- bw [mcmfw.
B Ah-kcw \∂mbn D]-tbm-Kn-°m≥
Xs∂ Ah≥ Xocp-am-\n-®p. AΩm-hs‚
ssIbn-ep≈ ]pkvXI
- ß
- ƒ hmbn-°pI. A_vZphpw C{_m-lnapw Cklm°p-sams° k±m-an\p hmbn-°m≥
]pkvX-I-߃ \¬In. Aao¿lwk
Xs‚ ]°-ep≈ ae-bmfw ]pkvXI
- ß
- ƒ
Ah-\p -sam-gn-am‰w sNbvXp-hm-bn®p
tIƒ∏n-®p. ae-bm-fØ
- nse \mtSm-Sn-°Y-If
- mWv k±m-ans\ Gsd BI¿jn-®Xv.
th\¬°m-e-am-b-Xp-sIm≠v IqSpX¬ kabw ]pd-Øn-dß
- m≥ hø. apdnbn-encp∂v In´nb ]pkvXI
- ß
- s
- fms°
hmbn-®p. kmPn-Xbpw AZv\m\pw \_ok-bp-sams° Imcwkv Ifn-°m≥ k±mans\ \n¿_-‘n-°pw. Ht∂m-ct≠m
XhW Ifn®pIgn-™m¬ ]ns∂ Ah≥
ho≠pw hmb-\b
- n-te°p Xncn-bpw. Hm,
henb Ka-°m-c≥, kmPnX apJw ho¿∏n°pw. Ah- f psS apJw- h o¿∏n- ° ¬
ImWm≥ \√ tNep-≠.v k±mw AXv HfnI-Æn-eqsS t\m°pw. Ah-fpsS Nph∂
apJw At∏mƒ IqSp-X¬ Nph-∂n-´p-≠mhpw. kmPnX t\m°n-bm¬ Ah≥
]pkvXI
- Øn¬ Xs∂ IÆp-Iƒ ]mbn®n-cn-°pw.
A£- c - ß - f n- e qsS Adn- h ns‚
hnkvXr-Xm-Im-iß
- f
- n-te-°,v kz]v\ß
- f
- nte°v k±mw s]mbvs°m-≠n-cp-∂p. ITn\-bm-X\-I-fpsS ]q¿h-Imew ad-∂Xv
h¿Ø-am\Ime-Øn¬ e`n® kzX-{¥hm-bp-th-‰m-Wv. kzmX{¥yw [q¿Ø-Sn°m≥ Ah≥ Xbm-dm-bn-√.
AΩm-hm, Rm\pw IqSn \nß-fpsS
]m¿´n Hm^o-kn-te°p ht∂ms´?
k±mw tNmZn-®XptI´v ssJc-≈bv°p
kt¥mjwtXm∂n. Ahs‚ Nn¥-Iƒ
\√ Zni-bn-te-°m-sW-∂b
- mƒ Xo¿®-bm°n. Ccp-∂qdpw ap∂qdpw h¿jw ^e-kar-≤n-\¬Im≥ sI¬∏p≈ CuØ-∏\
- Iƒ°p ssXbv Bbn- c n- ° ptºmƒØs∂ hfhpw Cu¿∏hpw e`n®n-cn-°-Ww. As√¶n¬ Ah-bpsS
hf¿® apc-Sn®p t]mIpw. ssJc≈

2008 sabv 9

]d™p: ]ns∂- ¥ m, Fs‚ IqsS
t]mt∂m-fq.
{]`m-XØ
- n¬ shbn¬ ]c-°p-∂tX
D≠m-bn-cp-∂p-≈q. hgnhm-Wn-`-°m¿
sXcp-hp-If
- n¬ \nc-∂p-Ig- n-™p. sNºp]m-X-bn¬ sNºp-]m-{X-߃ \n¿an°p∂hcpsS X´epw ap´epw Xmf-{I-aØn¬ Db-cp-∂p-≠v. k±mw ssJc-≈bvs°m∏w A¬ In-≥Unbnse _mØv
]m¿´n-bpsS B^o-kn-se-Øn. Ahn-sSbn-cp∂ {]h¿Ø-I¿°v k±m-ans\
ssJc≈ ]cn-N-b-s∏-SpØn. k±mw.
k±mw lpssk≥ A¬ Xn{In-Xn. Fs‚
A\-¥c- h
- ≥. Ahs‚ Xnf-ßp∂ IÆpIfpw {]k-∂a- mb apJ-`m-hhpw Xe-bpb¿Øn-bp≈ Ne-\ß
- fpw Ah-cn¬ aXn∏p-≠m-°n. Ah-ch
- s\ lrZy-ambn hcth-‰p. ]m¿´n-t\-Xmhv ^uZv A¬ dnIm_n k±m-ans\ amtdm-S-W®p kzoIcn-®p.
k±m-an\v B A¥-co£w \t∂
CjvSa- m-bn. Ipfn¿a-bp≈ kulr-Zw. a\ ns‚ Bg-ß-fn¬ AXp ]Xn-™p.
kulrZw ZrV-am-°m≥ CS-bv°nsS
Ah≥ AhnSw kμ¿in-®p.

\o≠p ]c-s∂m-gp-Ip∂ ssS{Ko-kneq-sS, hoXn-bp≈ _mKvZmZv sXcp-hp-Ifn-eqsS a™pw agbpw th\epw IS-∂pt]m-bn.
_mØv ]m¿´n-bpsS B^okn¬
Bsctbm {]Xo-£n®v Ht´-sd-t∏¿ IqSnbn-cn-∏p-≠.v Aao¿lw-k, ^uZv A¬ dnIm-_n, ssJc≈ Xp¬^-bpsS `mcymk-tlm-Zc
- ≥ Al-ΩZv l ≥ A¬_°¿ XpS-ßn-bh
- ¿. ssJc≈ tij-Im-ct\m-sSm∏w IS∂p hcp-tºmƒ F√m
IÆp-Ifpw Ah-cn¬ ]Xn-®p. k±mw
lpssk≥ Xe-sb-Sp-t∏msS AΩm-hs\m∏w lmfn¬ {]th-in-®p. F√m-hcpw
D]-Nm-c-hm-°p-Iƒ Dcp-hn´v ]c-kv]cw
Benw-K\w sNbvXv tXmfn¬ X´n
kzmK-Xa- c- p-fn.
\ap-°t- ∏mƒ \S-]Sn{Ia-߃ Bcw`n-°mw, At√? ^uZv ssJc-≈-tbmSv
Xnc-°n. ssJc≈ Aao¿lw-ksb
t\m°n ]d™p: C°q´- Ø n¬
XeaqØ-bm-fmWp Xm¶ƒ. F¥p ]dbp∂p? AXp-]ns∂ tNmZn-°m-\pt≠m?
\S- ] Sn{Ia- ß ƒ Bcw- ` n- ° - s ´,
Aao¿lwk adp-]Sn ]d-™p.
_mØv ]m¿´n AwK-Xz-Øn-\p≈
t^mdw ^uZv k±m-an\p \¬In. k±mw
lpssk≥ AXp k{i≤w hmbn®v ]qcn∏n-°m≥ XpS-ßn. ]qcn-∏n® At]-£m-

^mdw ^uZn\p \¬In; H∏w AwK-Xz^okv ]Øp Zn\m¿. F√m-hcpw FWo‰p
\n∂v \n»-_Zv X ]men-®p. ^uZv he-XpssI-∏Sw CS-Xp-s\-t©mSp tN¿Øp-h®p. k±mw AX-\p-Ic- n-®p. ^uZns‚ apgßp∂ H® F√m-hcpw {i≤n®p: _mØv
]m¿´n- b n¬ AwK- a m- I p∂ k±mw
lpssk≥ F∂ Rm≥, k±mw AtX‰p
]d™p ˛ C∂p apX¬ _mØv ]m¿´nbpsS \nb-am-hen A\p-im-kn-°p∂
F√m \n_-‘\
- I
- fpw AwKo-Ic- n-®p-sIm≈p-∂X
- m-Wv. ]m¿´n-bpsS hnip-≤{- X-bamb sFI- X yw, hntam- N - \ w,
ÿnXnkaXzw F∂n-hb
- n¬ \n∂v HcpIm-cW
- h
- i
- mepw a\- p-sIm≠pw hm°psIm≠pw {]hr-Øn-sIm≠pw Rm≥
hyXn-Ne
- n-°p-∂X
- √
- . Ad_v tZio-bX
- bv°p-th≠n Poh≥ XyPn-°m\pw k∂≤-\mWv F∂v A√m-lp-hns‚ \maØn¬ Rm≥ {]Xn⁄sNbvXpsIm≈p∂p. F√m-hcpw Ic-tLm-ja- p-Xn¿Øp.
]n∂oSv t\Xm-°ƒ {]kw-Kn-®p. Ad_v
tZio-b-X-bvs°-Xnsc Db-cp∂ GXp
\o°-sØbpw ]m¿´n AXn-i‡
- a- mbn
FXn¿°p-sa∂v Ah¿ Bh¿Øn®p ]d™p. cmPmhv ss^k¬ c≠m-as‚
]m›mXyhnt[-bX
- zsØ Ah¿ ]cn-lkn-®p. AXn-\n-in-X-ambn hna¿in-®p.
{][m-\a- {¥n \qdn-bpsS t\Xr-Xz-Øn¬
\ne-hn¬h∂ _mKvZmZv DS-º-Sn-bpsS
tIm∏n-Iƒ Ah¿ IØn-®p. B DS-ºS- nbpsS Ad_v hncp-≤X
- bpw km{am-Py-XzØns‚ ]nSn-ap-dp-°hpw Ah¿ AwK߃°p hni-Zo-Ic- n-®p. ssJc≈ {]kwK-Øn-\n-S-bn¬ k±m-ans\ Nq≠n- ]-d™p. CXm Xn{In-Øn¬ \ns∂mcp
Xos∏mcn! Rm≥ AXp- I-s≠-Øn-bXn¬ A`n-am-\n-°p-∂p. hnπ-h-Øns‚
alm-Pzm-e-bmbn AXp- ]-cn-W-an-°-s´,
ssJc≈ Biw-kn-®p. G‰hpw HSp-hn¬
]pXnb AwKsØ {]kw-K-Øn-\mbn
£Wn-®p. Hcp al-Ømb {]ÿm-\Øns‚ G‰hpw ]pXnb IÆn-bm-bX
- n¬
k±mw A`n-am-\n-®p. Pohn-X-Øns‚
tijn® `mKw \mSn-\p-th-≠n, Ad_v
temI-Øn-\p-th≠n Xm≥ ka¿∏n-°p-∂Xmbn Abmƒ ]d-™p. Xs‚ F√m
hnP-b-Øn\pw ]n∂n¬ {]h¿Øn-°p∂Xv ssJc≈ AΩm-h\
- m-sW∂v k±mw
A\p-kva-cn-®p. Aao¿lw-k-tbm-Sp≈
kvt\lhpw _lp-am-\hpw B Ccp-]Xp-hb
-  
- p-Im-c≥ {]I-Sn-∏n-®p.
tbmKw Ign™p Xncn-®p-t]m-Iptºmƒ F√m-hc- p-sSbpw a\- n¬ Xn{InØnse Xos∏mcn \nd-™p-\n-∂n-cp-∂p.
(XpS-cpw)

34

IY

ssZh-¯n\v
th-Xv
F≥ {]`m-Ic
- ≥

X

d-hm-´n¬ ]Xn-\mev sIm√-Øn-\ptijw sXøw Ign-∏n-°p-I-bm-Wv.- ]p-Xnb
Xe-ap-d-bnse ]e¿°pw ]ehn[ IjvS-\jvSß
- ƒ, tcm-Kß
- ƒ,- ]-co-£m-tXm¬hn-Iƒ,Zm-ºX
- y-Ie
- l
- ß
- ƒ. Ah-cn¬ Nne¿ AhnNm-cn-Xa- mbn k¶-Sß
- ƒ ]¶p-sh-°m≥ XpSßn-bt- ∏m-gmWv sXm≠-®≥ sXø-Øn-s‚ Imcyw Btcm H-cmƒ Hm¿an-∏n®Xv. Iq´-Øn¬
{]mbhpw Imcy-hn-h-chpw sIm≠v ap∂n¬
\n¬°p∂-h¿- {]K¬`\m-sbmcp tPymXnj°m- c s\ I≠p.- A t±lw \n¿t±- i n®
hgnbpw sXøw Ign-∏n-°pI F∂Xp Xs∂
Bbn-cp-∂p.- C-t∏mƒ \yqtbm¿°nepw e≠\nepw ]mco-knepw _mwKvfq¿,- apw-ss_,sNss∂ F∂n-hn-S-ß-fn-ep-sam-s°-bmbn
Xd-hm-´nse ]pXnb Xe-ap-d°
- m¿ amkw-{]Xn
]Xn-\m-bn-cß
- fpw e£-ßf
- p-sams° hmcn°q-´p-∂p-≠.v - H-∂√ H∂p-Ipsd \mev]X
- p-sXø-ßfpw thW-sa-¶n¬ Ign-∏n°mw.- t]m-sc¶n¬ ]n¬°m-eØ
- p-≠mbn h∂ sXø-ßsfbpw sI´n-bm-Sn-°mw.
]t£ shdpsX hºp-Im-Wn-°m-\p≈
hnh-c-t°-Sn-s\m∂pw t]mImsX PmXn-hgn°pw acn-®p-aÆ
- S- n-™p-t]mb Imc-Wh
- ∑m-cpsS Imew sXm´p≈ BNmcw hgn°psa√mw ImWn-®≥ Xdhm-´p-Im-cp-tSsX∂v {]tZiw apgp-h≥ t]cp-tI´ sXm≠®s\ F√m Hcp-°∏
- m-tSmSpw IqSn Kw`o-c-

2008 sabv 9

35

IY

ambn sI´n-bm-Sn-°m-\mWv HSphn¬ kI-ecpw tN¿∂v Xocp-am-\n®-Xv. X-d-hmSv Fs∂mcp kwK-Xnsb-∏-‰ntb tI´p-tIƒhn-bn-√mØ
Cfw Xe-ap-d°
- mcpw \q‰m-≠p-If
- mbn
sXm≠-®≥ sXøw ImØp-c£
- n-®p-t]mcp∂ tIƒhn-s∏´ Hcp IpSpw-_]
- m-cº
- cyw
X߃°p-s≠∂ ]pXnb Adn-hn¬
h√msX BÀm-Zn-®p. IpSpw_am-lmflyw
Fs∂mcp kwKXn \mb-∑m¿°pw \ºym∑m¿°pw am{Xw ]d-™n-´p-≈X
- m-sW∂p IcpXp∂ Nne sIt¶-a∑
- m-cp-≠v.- Im-Ws´
ImWn-®≥ ho-´n¬ ]≠p-]t≠ IpSnsh® sXm≠®s\ A°q-´-sc-√msam∂p ImW-s´. sXø-Øn-\p≈
Hcp°w Iq´p-∂X
- n-\n-Sb
- n¬ sNdp∏-°m¿ tImcn-Ø-cn-®p. hntZ-iØp-≈-h-cmcpw ]t£ sXøØn\v \m´n¬ h∂n- √ . Nnescms° t`Z-s∏´ XpI sXøw Ign-∏n°m-\mbn Ab-®p-sIm-Sp-Øp.- C-¥y≥ \K-cß
- f
- nep-≈-h-cn¬ H´p-ap-°m¬ I£n-Ifpw t\cØpw
ImeØpw Xs∂ \m´nseØn. \mSphnSpw apºv
sIm≠p-]n-Sn® bp‡n-hm-Zn-Ifpw Imhn-eΩ
- °p
ap∂n¬ ap≠-gn®p ImWn-®h
- c- p-amb Nnecpw
Iq´-Øn-ep-≠m-bn-cp-∂p.- A-h-sc√mw
sXø-Øns‚ henb D’m-ln-If
- m-bn.
\m-´n¬ Xs∂ Ign-bp∂ Aev]h-cp-am\-°m-c-\mb Rm≥ ]t£ H∂n\pw
ap∂n¬ \n∂n- √ . sXø- ° m- c s\
G¬]n-°m\pw ]≠p-]t≠ sXm≠-®-t‚Xmbn am‰n-sh® apdn-bn¬ ]pXnb Ae-¶m-c∏
- Wn-Iƒ \S-Øm\pw kZy-h´- ß
- ƒ Hcp-°m\pw
]ns∂ \qdp-Iq´w Imcy-߃°mbn -Hm-Sm\pw
NmSm\psams° th≠{X Bfp- I - f p- ≠ v . Ah¿s°m∂pw ]tØm \qtdm Bbn-ctam
Iøn¬ \n∂p t]mIp-∂X
- n-s\-∏‰n c≠m-as
- XmcmtemN\ hcn-√.- s]bn‚nwKv ]Wn-°m-c\
- mb
Fs‚ ÿnXn AX-√. ]-Wn-bp-≈-t∏mƒ H∏n®p- t ]m- h m≥ _p≤n- a p- s ´m∂pw hcn√.
]t£,Bfp-Iƒ°v sIm√-Øn-sem-cn-°tem
Nne-t∏mƒ ct≠m aqt∂m sIm√w-Iq-Sp-tºmtgm
Hs°-bt√ Hcp s]bn‚-dpsS klmbw th≠Xp-≈p.- Hcp ]©m-bs
- Ø-SpØp t\m°n-bm¬
Xs∂ Cu ]Wn sNøn-°m≥ ]‰p∂ Hcp-]m-Smfp-≠m-hn-t√. B \ne°v IpSpw-_Ø
- nse H∂mw \ºdp-Im¿ Ifn-°p∂ Ifn Ifn-°m≥ H∂n\pw sIm≈mØ
Rms\mcp-Ø≥ NmSn-∏p-d-s∏-´m¬ sXøw Ign-™-Xns‚
]nt‰∂p Xs∂ Bcp-sS-sb-¶nepw ap∂n¬ IS-Øn\v ssI
\ot´≠n hcpw. F√m-w ]d-™n-s´¥m? A\p-{Klw hmßn
Dcn-bm´v tIƒ°m≥ ap∂n¬ sN∂p \n∂-t∏mƒ sXm≠-®≥
a‰m-tcmSpw ]d-bmØ Hcm-hi
- yw- Ft∂mSp-W¿Øn-®p-If
- ™p
ss]X-ßtf, Zm-ln-°p-∂t√m sXm≠-®\v.- ]pfncpNn
Iecpw ac-\ocv ]m\w sNbvXn´v DZ-cØ
- n-¶¬ hmbp \nd-bp-∂√msX sXm≠-°pgn \\-™Xm-bn-t∏mepw tXm∂p∂n-√-t√m
ss]X-ßtf.
2008 sabv 9

36

"Rms\¥v thWw sZbv t h'
sXm≠-®≥ sI´n-bn-cn-°p-∂Xv Fs‚
\nXy]cn-N-b-°m-c≥ `mkvIc\mWv.
c≠p-Zn-hkw apºvt]mepw am¿IvknÃv]m¿´nbpsS ]pXnb cmjv{So-bs- se≥
kw_-‘n®v Ah\pw Rm\pw XΩn¬
Hcp aWn-°q-sd-¶nepw X¿°n-®n-´p-≈XmWv. F√mw Hm¿an-®p-sIm≠p Xs∂ th≠p-thmfw `b-`-‡n-I-f-`n-\-bn®v
Rm≥ tNmZn®p
Pe-hmln-\nbn¬ kabw Ipdn®tXm sIm´m-c`- h
- \
- Ø
- n≥ t]cp-≈tXm
]g-`c- W
- n,- ]-gw-Xp-da- p-Jw,- ]-gw-k\
- ymkn
Fs∂ms° \maw-[-cn-®n-cn-°p-∂tXm
Bb ]pcm-X-\-P-e-߃ Mpw..-Mpw..
sXm≠-®≥ Imw£n-°p-∂n√ ss]X-ßtf; sXm-≠®\v sXm≠-®s‚ \ma-t[-bØn-ep≈ Zml-Pew Xs∂ thW-sas‚
ss]X-ßtf
kwKXn F\n°v ]nSn-In-´n-bn√
ssZhw Bh¿Øn®p. sXm≠-®\v
th≠Xv sXm≠-®s‚ \maw [cn-®ncn°pw Zml-Pe
- a- mWv ss]X-ßt- f.
C{]m-hiyw Fß-s\-sb-∂d- n-bn√
Fs‚ _p≤n-bn-semcp sXfn-®a- p-≠m-bn.
8 ]n Fw, am≥j≥lu-kv,- HmƒUv
ImkvIv,- HmƒUvt]m¿´v,- HmƒUv a¶v
F∂o aZy-ßs- fm∂pw th≠ F∂mWv
`mkvIc- ≥ ]d-bp-∂X
- .v `mkvI¿- Ft∂m
`mkvI-cm -Ft∂m `mkvI-c≥ F∂p
Xs∂tbm D≈ t]cn¬ ]pXn-sbmcp
aZyw Cd-ßn-bn-cn-°m≥ km[yX-bp-≠v.]t£ kwKXn FhnsS \n∂p-In-´pw?
Bcn-t∏mƒ AXp-t]mbn hmßn-s°m≠p-hc
- pw? Icƒ kw_-‘a- mb Nne-{]iv\-ß-fp-≈Xp ImcWw Ip-d®p Imeambn Rm≥ aZy-]m\w ]q¿W-ambpw
\n¿Øn-bn-cn-°b
- m-W.v _o-ht- d-P 
- ns‚
`mK-tØt° Ct∏mƒ t\m°m-dn-√.

"hZ-\m-¥cw h
- c- f
- p∂p ss]Xßtf'
ssZhw ]ns∂bpw ]d™p
HSp-hn¬ Rm≥ apJw sXm≠-®t- ‚Xn\v hfsc AcnsI sIm≠pt]mbnsh®v hf-®p-sI-´n-√msX Xs∂
tNmZn®p "kwKXn Fhn-sSbm In´zm?'
"kmK-c-Xo-cØn¶¬ N{μ-\m-a-[mcnbmw cay- l ¿ay- Ø n- e n- c n- ° p∂p
ss]Xßtf Fs‚ Zmlu-j[w.'
F\n°v s]s´∂v kwKXn HmSn.
_o®n¬ ]pXp-Xmbn XpS-ßnb ªqaq¨
tlm´-ense _mdmWv ]p≈n Dt±-in-°p∂Xv
`mkvIc- ≥ a\p-jy-sc Ifn-bm-°p-∂Xn¬ ]≠p apX¬t° `b-¶c hncp-X\m-Wv.- ]m¿´n-°p-≈nse hn`m-Ko-bX
BcpsS krjvSn-bm-sW-∂-Xns\ ]‰n
Ah-t\mSv X¿°n-®X
- n-ep≈ ]I ho´pI-bm-Wh
- ≥.- A-hs
- ‚-sbmcp kwkvIrXw.- _n F°v sk°‚ v emwtKzPv aebm-fØ
- n\v tXm‰-h\
- m-Wv.- F-∂n-´mWo
kwkvIr-Xw? D≈n¬ \nd™ shdp∏pw
\oc-khpw Fs‚ apJ-`m-hØ
- n¬ sXfn™n- c n- ° - W w.- sZbv h w ]d™p.
"tLmcm-‘-Im-c-Øn¬ Zn°-dn-bmsX
Zni-bd- n-bmsX tJZn-®p-\n-∂t- ∏mƒ Hcp
Xcn-sh´w Cu sXm≠-®≥ ImWn®p
X∂Xv kvarXn-aW
- U
v ]
- Ø
- n¬ aßmsX
ambmsX D≠t√m Fs‚ ss]X-ßt- f.'Ggv amkw apºv F\n°v Ccp-]Ø
- ø
- mbncw cq]-bpsS Bhiyw hcn-Ibpw
tNmZn-°m\pw ]d-bm\pw Hcm-fn-√msX
Rm≥ _p≤n-ap-´p-Ibpw sNbvX-t∏mƒ
`mkvI-c≥ F\n°v Bbncw Ddp-∏nI
ISw X∂n-cp-∂p. A
- °
- m-cy-amWv I£n
Ct∏mƒ Fs∂ Hm¿an-∏n-°p-∂-Xv.-AsXms° Fs¥- ¶ nepw Bhs´,
X¬°mew `mkvIc
- ≥ Bh-iy-s∏-´Xv
\n¿h- l n- ® p- s Im- S p- ° - e mWv _p≤n

Fs∂-\n°v tXm∂n. kvIq-´-sd-SpØv
At∏mƒ Xs∂- Rm≥ ]pd-s∏-´p.- ªq-aqWns‚ ap∂n-se-Øn-b-t∏m-gmWv aZyØns‚ t]cv F¥m-sW∂v IrXy-ambn
tNmZn-®dn™n√t√m F∂ Imcyw
Btem-Nn-®-Xv. Xs‚ \maw-[-cn-®n-cn°p∂p F∂v ]d™ \ne°v an°-hmdpw
Rm≥ t\ctØ Duln-®-Xp-t]mse
`mkvIcm Ft∂m `mkvI¿ Ft∂m
As√-¶n¬ `mkvIc- ≥ F∂p Xs∂tbm
Bhmt\ hgn-bp-≈q.- F-¥m-bmepw
ChnSw hsc FØnbt√m.-C\n t\cn´v
Ibdn tNmZn-°pI Xs∂.
Rm≥ ªqaq-Wn-\-IØv Ac≠
shfn-®hpw ]Xn™ kwKo-Xhpw ]pXpa-Wh
- pw- ]X-s™m-gp-Ip∂ _mdn-te°v
IS∂v Iu≠-dn-\-p t\sc\S-∂p. B
sNdnb lmfns‚ ]mXn Zqc-sa-Øn-bt∏mƒ Xs∂ sZbvth c£n-°tW
F∂p Rm≥ hnfn-®p-t]m-bn.-A-hnsS
Iu≠-dn¬ Xnf-ßp∂ NpI∂ shfn-®Øns‚ {XntIm-Wm- IrXnbn-ep≈ Ae¶-cn® ac-Ø-´n¬ G‰hpw ]pXnb
{_m‚ v aZyw {]Z¿in-∏n-®n-cn-°p-∂n-SØv
kz¿W- \ n- d - Ø n¬ sh´n- Ø n- f ßn
\n¬°p∂ hnNn{XmIr-Xn-bn-ep≈ Hcp
Ip∏n Rm≥ I≠p.- A-Xnse Xnf-ßp∂
A£- c - ß fn¬ sXm≠- ® ≥ sXøØns‚ Zmlw am‰p∂ ]pXnb aZyØns‚ t]cv Cßs\ Rm≥ hmbn®p:
GRAND FATHER WHISKY REAL
SPIRIT OF PAST Ipd-®p-IqSn AcnsI
sN∂-t∏mƒ ]pXnb aZy-Øns‚ hntij-Ww Nn{X-∏Wn sNbvX sNdnb
A£-c-ß-fn¬ tcJ-s∏-Sp-Øn-sh-®n-cn°p-∂Xpw F\n°v hy‡-ambn hmbn°m≥ Ign™p:
SPECIALLY
BLENDED FOR WISE SENIOR CITIZENS.

hcnkwJym \nc°v
H‰{]Xn 10 cq]
hm¿jnI hcnkwJy 450 cq]

P\-i‡n hmcnI
Sn.-kn. 28/2070, t^m¿´v sslkvIq-fn\v FXn¿hiw,
Xncp-h-\-¥-]pcw 695 023
Ph: 0471 6450625, Fax: 0471-2468133
E-mail: janashakthi@gmail.com

2008 sabv 9

37

IhnX

Kk¬°mew
(I Want to do with you what spring does with cherry trees - Pablo Neurda )

km_p j¨apJw
1
Ce-sIm-gn™
ac-ßf
- n¬ \n∂pw
{]`m-XØ
- n-te°v
acWw ]d-°p-∂p.
\n{Z-bpsS ae-bS- n-hm-cØ
- n¬
t]cn-√mØ
hnNn-{X-]pjv]w hnS-cp∂p
hk¥w h‰n-t∏mb
ssItc-JI
- f
- p-ambn hr£-߃.
s]s´-∂,v
AΩ-am¿ sIme-sN-øs- ∏-´I
- p-™p-߃
F\n-°p-Np‰pw \nd-bp-∂p.
Ah-cpsS \ne-hnfn
_[n-ca- m-bI
- m-Xp-If
- n¬
]nS-™p-ap-´p-∂p.
\ns‚ t{]a-Øn-eqsS Rm≥
Imcp-Wy-Øn-te-t°mSnt∏mIp-∂p.
2
C\nsb-\n°v
\ns‚ IÆp-If
- psS
\oe-°p-dn-™n-If
- n¬
]d-∂p-]d- ∂
- p-ab
- ß
- Ww
\ns‚ tizX-ip-{`-amb
Ip∂n≥N-cn-hp-If
- n¬
Npw_-\ß
- f
- psS EXp-t`-Zß
- f
- m-IWw
\ns‚ ssIhn-ce
- p-Iƒ hnS¿Øn
2008 sabv 9

F\n-s°mcp ]q°mew Xcn-I.
\ns‚ Np≠p-If
- psS
\\-™a- p-dn-hn¬ \n∂pw
\odp∂th-Z\
- b
- psS Aar-Xw-Xc- n-I.
sXtßm-eI
- f
- psS
lcn-Xk
- m-Kc- Ø
- n-\∏
- pdw
\ns‚ \n»-_vZt- h-Z\
- b
- psS
XI¿∂-]£
- n-°q-Sp-Iƒ
3
BIm-iØpw
`qan-bnepw
s]bvXp-t]mb
ag-bpsS Hm¿Ω-Iƒ
DW¿∂p-]m-Sp∂
]£n-Iƒ°p ]n∂mse
]I¬a-s‰m-cp-he
- nb ]£n-bmbn
Fs‚ Xoc-ßf
- n¬ ]d-∂n-dßpw
shbnens‚ ]cmKw ]pc-≠h
- r-£ß
- ƒ
Ihn-Xb
- psS \ne-bv°mØ
lcn-Xw-Xcpw
Rm≥ t{]an-°p-∂p,
\ns∂.
\nan-jß
- s
- f.
lrZ-bw, tNmc-bn¬
]nS-™p-hn-S¿∂v
hk-¥a- m-bn-t∏m-Ip-∂p.

4
Hcp-]m-Sp-Npw-_n-®t- ∏mƒ
hnb¿∏n¬ \\™
apØ-Wn-°h
- n-fn¬
\\p-Øp-]S- ¿∂
Npcpƒ apSn-bn-gI
- ƒ Hm¿Ω-bn-ep≠v
\mw I≠-ap-√∏
- q-hn-Xf
- p-If
- n¬
s]m´n-hoW
a™p-Xp-≈n-If
- psS ]mZ-kcw
\o apJ-ap-b¿Øp-∂p.
ke÷w
hnhiw
At∏mƒ apJ-a√
- , k‘y.
k‘ybv°v CXƒIq-ºnb
Xma-cb
- psS \ndw
t\¿Ø-In-\m-hp-If
- psS
Xnc-»o-e°
- ∏
- pdw
IÆp-If
- psS ktcm-hcw
bpK-߃ Ign-™pw,
{]]©w s]mSn-™p-XI
- ¿∂m-epw,
Cu \nan-jw-k]
v μ
- n-®p-sIm-t≠-bn-cn-°pw,
t{]a-Øn¬ sh¥p-ac- n-°m≥
sImXn-°p∂ Hcp lrZbw
Is≠-Øpw-hs- c.

38

IhnX

apf-bpsS
s\©p-s]m-´p-tºmƒ
AK-Ãn≥ Ip´-s\-√q¿

IS-∏mSv

F∂n-ep-≠,v
Cc-bpsS {]mW≥ ]nS™
Iqc-ºns‚ aq¿®
Asºm-Sp-ßmØ Bh-\m-gn-If
- psS
apg-ßp∂ L\w
Hm¿Ω-If
- n-en∂pw
Ipd-Nycpw Ipdp-ºcpw ae-th-Scpw
Fs‚ Aÿn-Isf h{Pm-bp-≤ß
- f
- m°n
aÆn-\mbv Xo¿Ø hoc-Nc- nXw
hwi-kav r-Xn-If
- psS BZn-Xmfw
Ipg¬hn-fn-®Xv Fs‚ DS-en-eq-sS-bmWv
h≠p-Iƒ Xpf® Fs‚ apfw-X≠
- p-Iƒ
Im´m-dn\pw Infn-Iƒ°p-sam∏w ]mSn
tKm{X-kw-kI
v r-Xn-If
- psS Im´p-\r-Øß
- ƒ°v
Rm≥ km£n
[m\y-aW
- n-Iƒ Fs‚ DS¬\m-gn-If
- n¬
Af-∂p-Ih
- n™p
Pe-Øn-\p-aosX t]mb-h¿°v
Rm≥ NßmSw sIms≠mcp NßmXn
inJn-cß
- f
- n¬ A¥n-bp-dß
- n-bh
- ¿°v
Rm≥ Gdp-am-SØ
- ns‚ Infn-IqSv
h\y-h\
- m-¥c- ß
- f
- n¬
Rm≥ \ni-_Zv a- mbn ]qØp-\n∂p
Fs‚ [m\yw hwi-Øns‚ hocyhpw
\∑-hn-f™ kzmZpw \¬In
C∂v, kwkvIm-cØ
- ns‚ AS-bm-fa- mbn
Fs‚ Aÿn-Isf NoIn-an-\p-°nbpw
t]in-Isf s\bvsX-SpØpw
[\n-Is‚ kzoI-cW
- a- p-dn-bn¬
Hcp ]q]m-{X-ambn Xq°n-bn-´n-cn-°p-∂p.
hncp-∂p-Im-cs‚ kv^Sn-It- °m-∏b
- nse
\pc-bp∂ hocy-Øn-s\m∏w
s\©p-s]m´n Rm≥ ]mSnb
Fs‚ Ipdp-Ip-g¬∏m-´pw.

]¿ΔXw
s]mgn-™S¿∂
ag-Øp-≈n-bm¬
ie`w
Hcp-Xcn
]qsºmSn sIm≠v
Infn
Hcp Xqh¬sIm≠v
acw
s]mgn™p hosWm-cn-eb
- m¬
IW-°p-Xo¿°pw
`qan-tbmSv
Xo¿°p-∂s- X-ßns\
\o \ns‚
`qhm-kØ
- ns‚
ISw `qan-tbmSv?

]ZvaZ- mkv
2008 sabv 9

39

IY

hX
sI kn them-bp-[≥

Nm

b ka-bØv Aev]-t\-ctØ°v Ah[n ]d-™v sk£-\n¬
\n∂v Cd-ßn-bX
- m-Wb
- mƒ. A¿P‚mbn
C≥jz-d≥kv Hm^o-kn-sem∂v t]mIWw. Hcp t]mfnkn sa®z¿ Bbn-cn-°pI-bm-W.v C∂p IqSn Ign-™m¬ FÃmªn-jv-sa‚ v sk£-\n-ep-≈-h¿ iº-f_n-√n¬ Cu amksØ {]oan-bhpw
]nSn-°pw. C∂p-Xs∂ F¥mWv sNtø≠-sX∂v Adn-b-Ww. kwL-S-\-bnse
tKmIp¬Zm-kn-t\mSv At\z-jn-®t- ∏mƒ,
bq\n-b≥ {]h¿Ø-I\
- mb _mlp-te-b\mWv B ko‰n-se∂v Adn-™p. F¥mbmepw s]s´∂v FØm-\mbn [rXnbn¬ \S-∂p. dwkm≥ ASp-ØX
- n-\m¬
du≠n-emsI Xnc-°v XpS-ßn-bn-cn-°p∂p.
Bfp-Is- f-s°m≠v thK-Øn-sem∂p \S°m-\p-am-Ip-∂n-√. Zmkv ]d-™t- ]mse
_mlp-te-bs\ I≠-Xn-\m¬ hnh-c߃ Hs° s]s´∂v Adn-bm-\m-bn.
km[m-cW sa®z¿ Bb t]mfn-kn°m¿s°ms° IsØ-gp-Xm-dp-≈X
- m-W.v
Fs‚ {_m©v ^b¬ ChnsS C√m-ØXn-\m¬ BWv IsØ-gp-Xm-Xn-cp-∂-Xv.
t]mfnkn t¢mkv sNøm- \ p≈
At]£ Iøn¬ X∂p-hn-´p. ]qcn-∏n®v

2008 sabv 9

FØn-®m-ep-S≥ slUv Hm^okn- t e°v Ab- ° m- s a∂v
Abmƒ G‰p. GI-tZiw In´mhp∂ XpIbpw IW-°m-°n-∏d-™p. Ccp-]-Øn-ap-Δm-bn-ctØmfw In´p-as
- {X.
cq] sNe-hm-°p-∂X
- n-s\°p- d n®v Btem- N n- ® p- s Im≠mWv Xncn-®p-\S- ∂
- X
- v. hoSns\mcp dn∏-b-dns‚ kabw sshIn-bncn-°p-∂p. AtXm `mcyt°m a°ƒt°m
Fs¥-¶nepw B`-c-W-ß-tfm, c≠pwIqSn \S-°p-sa∂v tXm∂p-∂n-√. Fs¥¶nepw sNømw. Xocp- a m- \ n- ° m≥
C\nbpw ka-ba- p-≠t- √m.
s]s´-∂mWm apJw ZrjvSn-bn¬
]Xn-™X
- v. B kv{Xo Hmt´m-bn¬ Ibdp-I-bm-bn-cp-∂p. Hcp \nan-jm¿≤ta
ImWm≥ Bbp-≈q. AXn-\p-≈n¬
Xs∂ B apJw a\- n¬ ]Xn-™p.
AXv Bcp-tS-Xm-sW∂v Hm¿°m≥ Ignbp-∂n-√. hfsc ]cn-Nn-Xa- m-Wt- √m. BcmW-Xv. a\- msI ]c-Xn. ]nSn-In-´p-∂p-an√. tamU¬ tKƒkv sslkvIqfpw
IS∂v Abmƒ \S-∂p. hgn-h-°n¬
ImWp-∂h
- s- cm∂pw {i≤-bn¬ s]Sp-∂n-

√. Xncn®v Hm^o-kn¬ FØp-∂-Xp-hscbpw AXm-sc∂v a\- n-em-°m-\m-bn√. Hm^okv tPmen-°n-Sb
- nepw B apJw
Hfn-®p-If
- n-®p.
Hm^o-kn¬ \n∂v ho´n-te°v ]Øp
ap∏Xv Intem-ao-‰¿bm{X sNbvX-t∏msg√mw CtX Nn¥ a\- ns\ Ae-´ns°m-≠n-cp-∂p. hb- mbn hcp-∂X
- ns‚
e£Ww Xs∂. Cßs\ Hm¿Ω-∏n-iIv
_m[n-®m¬ F¥mIpw ÿnXn.
ho´n-se-Øn-bXpw `mcy At\z-jn®p. ""Cs∂¥m h√msX'' H∂p-an-s√∂v
]d-s™m-gn™p At∏m-gh
- ƒ Hm¿Ωn-∏n®p.
""Xt¶-SØn'' Xt¶-S Øn F∂v tI´t∏m-gmWv Abmƒ°v kam-[m-\a- m-bX
- v.
C{Xbpw t\cw At\z-jn-®p-sIm-≠n-cp∂

40

apJw Ah-fp-tS-Xm-Wv. Xt¶-S-ØosS
tamƒ im t¥-sS. Xt¶-SØ
- osS Omb
X s∂-bmWv A hƒ°pw. s] s´s∂√mw a\- n¬ HmSn-sb-Øn. C∂o
Znhkw apgp-h≥ Atem-kc- s- ∏-Sp-Øn-bncp-∂Xv Ah-fm-W.v Btem-N\
- °
- n-Sb
- n¬
`mcy ho≠pw Hm¿Ωn-∏n-®p. ""tI´nt√
Xt¶SvØn H∂¶vSv sN√m≥ ]d-™p.
kpc h∂v ]d- ™ - X mWv sImd®v
t\¿sØ.''
Nmb IpSn-®p-sIm-≠n-cn-°p-tºmƒ
Abmƒ hnNm-cn-®p. F¥m-Wm-shm.
Fs¥-¶nepw AXym-hiyw D≠m-Iptºmƒ am{Xta Ah¿ Bsf ]d-™b
- °m-dp-≈q. Ct∏mƒ Iptd Znh-kß
- f
- mbn
I≠n-´.v
""\nøm tSm¿®n-ß-s´-SvtØ, Rm,
t∏m hcmw.'' tSm¿®p-ambn Abmƒ Cdßn. ]mS-Øp-IqsS ]Øp-an-\p´v \S∂m¬ aXn. hS-°p-Ωp-dn-bn-se-Ømw.
Ahn-sS-bmWv Xt¶-SØ
- osS hoSv. Cu
cm{Xn t\c- Ø nt∏m ]mS- Ø p- I qsS
t]m≠m F∂p h®p. Aev]w hf™mepw th≠n-√. tdmUn¬ IqsSØs∂ t]mImw.
Xt¶-SØn Fs¥ms° IjvS∏m-SpI-fmWv Cu {]mb-Øn-s\-S°v A\p-`hn-®X
- .v Ct∏mgpw Ah¿ ]Wn-s°ms°
t]mIp-∂p-≠v. A√msX Fßns\
PohnXw Ign-bm-\m-. \t∂ sNdp-∏Ø
- n¬
Xs∂ Aø-∏p-tÆy-´≥ acn-®-Xm-Wv.
Aßn-s\-sbmcp acWw Ah¿ {]Xo£n-®X
- √
- . Ahcv am{X-a√ \m´n-emcpw
Xs∂ Aßn-s\-sbmcp kwKXn {]Xo£n-®X
- √
- t- √m.
As√-¶n¬ Xs∂ \qdp IW-°n\v
Imfn-Iƒ ItÆ-¶m-hn¬ Imth-dm-dp-≠.v
AXn¬ Icn-¶m-fnbpw a™-°m-fnbpw
]¥w-Im-fnbpw Aßns\ F{X-sb{X
Imfn-Iƒ. Ah¿s°m∂pw Cßn-s\sbmcp hn[n D≠m-bn-√-t√m. Aø-∏ptÆy-´s- ‚mcp tbmKw. AtXm Xt¶-SØ
- otSm. Ahcv ]dbvm. Ah-cpsS Ime-t°Sm-sW-∂m-W.v ""As√-¶n¬ Xs∂ F{X
XhW sIt´y¿°Wp ]¥w-Im-fn.
Hmtcm {]mhiyw apSn-IpØn hcp-tºmgpw
hey kt¥m-jØ
- n-emhpw. Xncn-s®-Øptºm, It≈m sht≈m Fs¥-¶n-sems°-Øncn Ign-®n-´p-≠m-hq-tem. At∏m,
F¥m, Hcp ta\n ]d-®n-e.v sNdp-∏Ø
- ns‚
Du°nev F√mtcw sh√p-hn-fnt°w
sNbvtX-cp∂p. B´-°m-sc-√mcpw ]dbpw. Aø-∏p-Wy¶vSv Imfn sI´ym-≠t√m, F¥m Ah-s‚mcp iucyw. F¥m
Ah-s‚m-cm-´w. ]¥w Imfym-hptºm
{]tXy-In-®pw. Imfn apSo-Ωepw c≠v
2008 sabv 9

Iønepw IØW ]t¥mw Bbn-´p≈
B hc-h-ßSv I≠m-≠-t√m, Bcmbmepw shd-°pw. sImt´-cv°pw, IΩ-‰n°m¿°pw Hs° h√y CjvSm, aq∏cvs\
]¥w-Imfn sI´n-°m≥. F√mw B sNdp∏-Øn¬ Xs∂ A\p-`h
- n®v Xo¿°zm-bncp-∂t- √m. A√m-s≠. Cß-s\mcp hn[n
B¿s°-¶nepw D≠m-bn-´pt≠m.''
A∂v Rm≥ tlmÃ-en¬ \n°vmb
- ncp-∂p. sshIo´v SuWo∂v Xncn-s®-Ønb-t∏m-gmWv \m´o-∂mtcm At\z-jn®p
h∂n-cp-∂p-sh∂v dqwta‰v ]d-™-Xv.
Bcm, F¥m, F∂-t\z-jn-®t- ∏mƒ A‰≠¿ tZh- ymWv ]d-™X
- .v
""\‚m-cm≠m Aø-∏p-Æn. Abmsf
Pn√m-k]
v {- Xo-em-°o-´≠
v ∂
v ,v Xos∏m-≈n‰m-s{X. \\-s°ms° ¢m v Ign™m
F¥q-´m≠m ]Wn. dqan-en-cp∂v h√Xpw
hmbn-®q-S-dm. Ahn-tSw-hn-tSw-ßs\
sX≠n-\S- °
- m-≠.v ''
s]s´∂v Xs∂ Bkv]-{Xn-bn¬
FØn. ]pd-Øp-Xs∂ i¶-tc-´\pw
ht√y-´\pw Hs° D≠m-bn-cp-∂p. F¥m
D≠m-bs- X-∂,v At\z-jn-°p-tºm-tg°pw
ht√y-´≥ ]d-™p. ""Aø-∏p-tÆy-´≥
]¥w-Imfn sIt´y-cv°m¿∂p. ]¥Øo∂v Xo]n-Sn-®p. BsIb-ßSv
IØn. °v ImWm≥ høm≠m Rm≥
s]mdØv \n°-W.v tasem∂pw Hcp
Xp≠v tXmen-√. πmÃnIv IS-emknem sIS-tØy-°-Wv.'' Xm≥
hm¿Un-se-Øp-tºm-tg°pw F√mw
Ign-™n-cp-∂p. ho´n-se-Øn-bt- ∏mgpw
Xt¶- S tØy I≠v km¥z- \ n- ∏ n°m\pw Bbn-√.
]ns∂ ASn-b¥
- n-chpw Ign™v
ho´n¬ sIm≠p-t]m-bn. Xncn-s®Øn-b-Xn-\p-ti-j-amWv Ahsc
t\cn-tS-≠n-h∂
- X
- .v Ah¿°v ho´n¬
thsd-bmcpw D≠m-bn-cp-∂n-√. Imcymbn-´.v h√y-®t- ‚w, sNdnb®t‚w a°sfm-s°-bp-≠v. F∂m-epw, Ahscms° F{X-bm-sW∂v sh®m
t\m°vm. Hmtcm-cp-Ø¿°pw Ah-\hs‚ Imcyw t\m°m≥ Xs∂
t\c-an-√.
AXn- ∂ n- S bn-em-Wnt ∏ m ƒ
C X p w .
Hmtcm∂pw
Btem-Nn®v
Abmƒ Xn≠nt∑¬ Ccp-∂p. Xt¶SØn aSn-bn¬ Ip™p-tamtfw
InSØn Xmtgw. Ah¿ Fs¥m-

s°tbm Btem-Nn-®n-cn-°p-I-bm-Wv.
Ip™p-tamƒ aSn-bn¬ \n∂v FWo‰v
Ifn- ° m≥ t]mb- t ∏m- g mWv Ah¿
kwkm-cn®p XpS-ßn-bX
- .v
""F√mw Fs‚ hn[ymWv hmkp-t´y.
Fs‚ a\- n-ßs\ hnßvmW
- v. Chn-sSt≈m-s‰m∂pw D≈p-sXm-d∂v h¿Øm\w
]d- b m≥ ]‰- t Wm- ‰ - √ m- ∂ - d n- b mt√m.'' kwkm- c n®p XpS- ß n- b - t ∏mtg°pw IÆp-\o¿ IpSp-IpSm NmSm≥ XpSßn. Xm\m-sW-¶n¬ F¥m ]d-tb-≠sX-∂-dn-bmsX ""ßsfm∂v Ic-®n¬
\n¿tØm F{X Znh-km-bn-ßs\ sXmSßo-´v.'' F∂v kam-[m-\n-∏n-°m≥ {ian®p.
""°v kln-°m-º‰- vWn√y hmtkzm.
A\- ° - d n- t bzm. Rm\m Ahcv s S
t\m¬ºv sX‰n-®-Xv. Rm≥ Rm\mWv
Hmsd sIme°v sImSvØX
- .v s]md-Ømbn-cn-°p-tºm, Ip´n-sØm-Sm-s≠, t\m°t≠mfv Rm\m aIcw Ipw`-amkw Imet√. \m´n-emtIw them-W.v Fs∂∂pw
Imsfy´-Ww. Fs∂∂pw t\m¬ºs∂
AXns‚ AXym- h - i y- ß - s fms°
sNbvsXm-Sp-°m≥ Rm\-√m-≠m-cm. s≈.

41

Rms\-∏fpw ]d-bmdv≠v t\m¬ºv sX‰cvZv∂v. t\m¬ºv sX‰n-°-cvZv∂v. AtZm≠m. Zv ]‰o-X.v A√ms≠ Abn-s‚tWw
sXmtWw Hs°yt√ IqtS-≠m¿∂-Xv.
Xn√v amfvtºm X√n-s°-SvØms≠ Hm‰
amdn-∂,v ∂Wv, tImse-ºd- º
- nse thembp-[-s\ms° ]td-Wv. a\vj-Ωm-cmbn
s]d-t∂m‰ Bsc-¶nepw AXv sNtøzm.....F√mw Fs‚mcp hn[n. F√mw Rm≥
hcp-Øn-°q-´n-b-Xm-Wv. sømcp Imcyw
sNøWw hmkp-t´y. Xo≠m-°m-hn-eΩ
- s°mcp hgn-]m-sS-Øn-°W
- w. A∂v cmhnses∂ Fs‚ a\- n-em-sImcp ]¥ye- m b tXm∂o- c p- ∂ p. At∏m
t\¿∂XmWo hgn-]m-S.v AtZm-s≠m∂pw
s°mcp Imtcymw-≠m-bn-√. F∂mepw
hgn-]mSv samS-°≠m®n-´m-W.v ''
Xo≠mcn Bbn-cn-°p∂ `K-h-XnbmWv Xo≠m-°mhn¬ {]Xn-jTv .
Adn- b m- s Xsbms°
t\m¼v
sX‰n-b-Xn-

2008 sabv 9

\p≈ ]cn-lm-c-am-bn-´mWv B Imhnte°v hgn-]mSv \S-Øm-dv. AsXms°
Hm¿Øp-sIm≠v Xs∂ Ahsc kam-[m\n-∏n-°m-\mbn ]d-™p.
""AtXm-≠z-∂-√t∏m CsXms°
]t‰y-Xv. A_-≤-Øn¬ Xo ]nSn-®-Xmhpw. Cu AW-e-Øn-sems° Xo]n-Sn®m¬ ]ns∂ Fs¥-¶nepw sNøm-ºt‰zm.'' Ah-cpsS kam-[m-\-Øn-\mbn
hgn-]m-sSms° FØn-°m-sa∂v G‰p.
FÆn-s∏-dp-°n-°c
- ™
p-sIm≠v Ah¿
Iptd-t\cw IqSn Ccp-∂p. Iptd-sbms°
Ic™v Ah-cpsS hnj-as- ams° amds´
F∂v IcpXn H∂pw an≠msX Ccp-∂p.
]nt∂bpw Ah-cpsS hnjaw Ipd-bpI-sbm-∂p-a-√t√m D≠m-b-Xv. ""IÆn°≠ amπmcvsS hS-t°zm¿sØ tNdpw
Ipt∏w tImco-´mWv s‚ tamƒs\ H∂ns\m-t°mWw t]mc-W-hsc Rm≥
hf¿Øo-≠m-°o-X.v ∂n´pw-s°mcp Imcy≠m- b n- √ t√m'' Ahcv s S Ic- ® n¬
Ct∏mgpw sNhn-bn¬ Ae-°p-∂p-≠v.
]Ømw ¢m n¬ ]Tn-°p-tºm-gmWv
Ahfpw AΩsb Dt]-£n®p t]mbXv
CjvS-°m-c-s\m-∏w. ]Tn∏pw tPmen-bpsams° D≈-h≥ Bbn-s´¥m ]pe-bsN-°\
- t- √. AXp-sIm-≠p-Xs∂ ho´pImcpw Iq´-°mcpw Hs° FXn¿Øp.
Iq´w-IqSn ]pd-Øm-°m≥ t\m°n-bt- ∏mgmWv Xt¶-SØn ]d™ hm°p-Iƒ
F√m-h-tcbpw Ipg-°n-b-Xv. ""Fs‚
tamsf s]md-Øm-°vm-sW¶n, Ft∂w
s]md-Øm-°n-t°m-fn≥. s‚ ]tds‚
Iqtc-∂vß°v s]md-Øm-°m≥ ]‰n-√t√m. s‚ ]td≥ acn-®n´v{X Imem-bn-t√.
CXp-htcw s°mcmƒtSw klm-bw-≠mb‰n√-t√m. C\nw Rm≥ AXp-t]m-ses∂ Ign-t™m-fw.'' Aßns\ Xt¶SØn H‰-bm-bn-s´{X h¿j-ßf
- m-bn. ]gb- t ]m- s e- Ø - s ∂. Fhn- s S- s h®v
I≠mepw It≠-S-ØvXs∂ ]nSn-®p\n¿Øn hnti-j-ß-sfms° ]d-bpw
C∂n-t∏mƒ F¥m-Wp-≠m-bs- X-∂d- n-bn√. Abmƒ ap‰sØ Nhn-´p-I√v Ib-dns°m≠v tNmZn-®p.
""Xt¶-StØy''
Abmsf ImØn-cn-°p-Ib
- m-bn-cp∂p
Ah¿. sNdnb ]pev ] m- s b- S pØv
Abmƒ°mbn hncn-®n-´p.
""C∂nt∏m sImtd t\cw sshIn
tXm∂pWq'' A.h¿ At\z-jn-®p.
""Ct∏m, t\csØ AkvX-an-°W
Imc-Wm, tXm∂-Wv, Bdp aWym-hp-ºtg°pw s∏m Ccp-´m-In-t√.''
""im¥ ht∂-cp∂p D®m-hptºm''
Xt¶- S Øn ]d™p XpS- ß th
Xs∂ Abm-tfm¿Øp. im¥ Chn-tS°v

hcp-tºm-gmIpw Xm≥ I≠-Xv. B
SuWn¬ Xs∂-bm-W-h¿ Xma-k-sa¶nepw A]q¿Δ-amtb ]pd-Øn-dßn
I≠n-´p-≈q. Ct∏mƒ I≠n´v h¿j-ßfm-bn-cn-°p-∂p.
""Ah-fn-ßSv hcp-º-gmIpw Xriq¿
sh®v Rm≥ It≠-cp-∂p. h¿Ø-am\w
]d-bm-s\m∂pw ]‰n-bn-√.''
Rm≥ ]d-bp-∂-Xn-\n-S-bn¬ Xt¶SØn Hcp Ip∏nbpw •m p-ambn ASp-°f-bn¬ \n∂v Xncn-s®-Øn. km[m-cW
Xm≥ hcp-tºm-tg°pw I´≥ Nmb
D≠m°n sh°m-dp-≠v. AsX-Sp-°m\mIpw t]mIp-∂s- X-∂mWv Icp-Xn-bX
- .v
""tamƒs°m-cm-tem-N\ icym-bn-´≠
v s{X. H∂pw icym-hm-s≠-ßs\ \n°zt√¿∂v. Fs{Xms° Imiv sImSp-°m∂v
]d-™n-´m-Wm-thm, t∏mZv icym-bX
- .v Hma\Øw IqSo´v HmƒsS ]Tn-s∏m∂pw
t\cm-bn-√-t√m. t_mwt_-em-Ws{X
sN°≥....-C∂
- e
- m-Ws{X Hs° Xocp-am\m-b-Xv. At∏m B hnh-scm-∂-dn-bn°m≥ h∂-Xm-Wh
- ƒ.''
]ns∂ Iøn-ep≈ Ip∏n \ne-Øpsh-®p-sIm-≠h
- ¿ ]d-™p.
""hmhn\pw N{Im-¥n°pw H∂pw
Ahƒ hcm-dn-√-t√m. NØv aÆ-Snt™m¿s°ms° Hcp hoXv sh°m≥.
Ct∏m sImtd Znh-km-bn-s{X. A—s\,
ßs\ Hd-°Øn ImWp-∂X
- .v Hcp Xp≈n
sh≈w sIm≠∂v H∂v hnNm-cn-®mev
kam-[m-\m-hq-tem-®n-´mWv t∏m Zv hmßns{X....''
ap¥nb Xcw hnkvIn-bm-Wv. N¥ap≈ Ip∏nbpw t\m°n Aev]-t\cw
Ccp-∂p. ]s≠ms° Hcp Ip∏n It≈m
As√-¶n¬ CØncn hmt‰m Hs°-bmWv
]Xn-h.v
""\nøvß-s\≈ Imcy-ß-sfm∂pw
sNøq-√ym∂pw, Hcp Xp≈n IpSn-°q-eyms∂ms°, °dn-bmw. F∂mepw \n∂-√m≠m- s cbm Rm≥ hnfn- ° yms‚
hmkpt´y'' Xt¶-SØn ]d-™p.
Abmƒ Aev]w hnkvIn •m n-seSpØv th≠ sh≈w Hgn®v Xt¶-SØnsb G¬∏n-®p. •m n¬ hnc¬
ap°n c≠p-Xp≈n \neØv hogvØW
- w.
AXmWv NS-ßv. Ah¿ Cd-®n-°-dnbnse Hcp \pdp-s°-SpØv Hcne No¥n¬
sh®p.
Xt¶-SØn •m n¬ hnc-em-gØ
v p-∂Xn-s\m∏w Ah-cpsS IÆp-Ifpw \nd™p. c≠v aq∂v Xe-ap-d-bpsS IShpw
ho´m-s\∂ hÆw hnc¬Xp-≈n-Iƒ \neØp-ho-Wp. [rXn-bn¬ AS¿∂ IÆo¿Xp≈-nIfpw Ah-bvs°m∏w \ne-Øp-]S¿∂p.

42

kmt¶-XnIimkv{Xw

tIcf tªmKv A°m-Zan
A≥k¿ XmPv

\n

߃ Fgp-Xp-∂Xv {]Imin∏n°m\pw AXn-s\-∏‰n a‰p-≈h
- ¿°v ]dbm-\p-≈Xv Fgp-Xp-∂b
- msf A∏-t∏mƒ
Adn-bn-°p-hm-\p≈ C‚¿s\‰v kuI-cyamb tªmKnwKv C∂v kn‰n-k¨ tP¿Wen-kØ
- n-s‚bpw A√m-sXbpw P\-Iob
thZn-bm-W.v H´p ]W-®n-eh
- n-√msX FgpØp-Im-c\pw {]km-[I
- \pw hmb-\°
- mc\pw Hs°- b m- I m≥ km[n- ° p∂
tªmKv, bqWn-tImUv ae-bmfw t^m≠pI-fpsS hc-thmsS P\-{]o-Xn-bm¿÷n®p
sIm≠n-cn-°p-I-bm-Wv. Bbn-c-°-W°n\v tªmKv Fgp-Øp-Im¿ ae-bm-fØ
- nep-≠v. am[y-a{- ]-h¿Ø-I¿, hnZym¿∞nIƒ, A[ym-]-I¿, dn´-tbUv DtZym-Kÿ¿, cmjv{Sob {]h¿Ø-I¿, Fgp-ØpIm¿ XpSßn kaq-lØ
- ns‚ \m\m-Xp-dI-fn-ep-≈-h¿ C∂v _qtem-I-Øns‚
`mK-am-Wv. tem-IØ
- ns‚ ]e tImWpI-fn-embn NnX-dn-In-S°
- p∂ ae-bm-fn-Iƒ
C∂v tªmKv F∂ \h-X-cw-K-Øn¬
Bth-i`- c
- n-Xc
- m-Wv. Kƒ^v cmPy-ßf
- nemWv ae-bmfn tªmK¿am¿ Gsd-bpw.
Xß-fpsS \m´p-{]-tZ-is
- Øbpw tPmenÿ-es- Øbpw \pdp-ßp-Iƒ°pw Iu-XpI-hm¿Ø-Iƒ°psam∏w Kuc-h-amb
cmjv{Sob kmaq-ln-IN
- ¿®bpw ae-bm-fw
tªmKp-If
- n¬ kPo-ha- m-Wv. C‚¿s\‰v
2008 sabv 9

irwJ-e-bnse Hmtcm Iºyq-´-dn\pw
ap∂n-en-cn-°p∂ Ch¿ XΩn¬ I≠n-´pt]m-ep-ap-≠m-hn-√ F∂n-cp-∂mepw sXm´SpØ apdn-bnse kplr-Øn-t\m-sS∂
t]mse-bmWv Cu kulr-ZI
- q-´mbva CSs]-Sp-∂X
- .v
Kƒ^v cmPy-߃, C¥y-bnse
h≥\-K-c-߃ F∂n-hn-S-ß-fn¬ tªmK¿am¿ H∂n®p IqSn Iq´m-bva-bpsS
Dujvaf
- X A\p-`h
- n-°p-∂p-≠.v CØcw
hebv°v (net-internet) ]pdØv he
hncn- ® p≈ ktΩ- f - \ - Ø n- e mWv
tªmK¿am¿ ]e-t∏mgpw BZy-ambn
ImWp-∂X
- .v F∂m¬ shdp-samcp Iq´mbvab
- n¬ \n∂p Ipd-®p-IqSn Kuc-ha- mbn
tªm-Kns\ kao-]n-°m-\pw, Ht´sd aebm-fn-Isf IqSn ]pXp-Xmbn tªmKn-ßnte-s°-Øn-°m\pw Dt±-in®v "tIcf
tªmKv A°m-Zan' F∂ kwcw-`Ø
- n\v
ae-bm-f-Øn¬ tªmKv Fgp-Xp-∂-h¿
XpS°w Ipdn-®p. IÆqcpw tImgn-t°mSpw
c≠v ao‰nw-Kp-Iƒ Ign-™p. G{]n¬ 27
\v tImgn-t°mSv Pn√m kl-Ic- W
- _
- m¶v
HmUn-t‰m-dn-b-Øn¬ h®v \S∂ ktΩf\w Bth-i`- c- n-Xa- m--bn-cp-∂p.
GI-tZiw Ccq-∂q-dp-t]-cmWv tªmKv
hnZym-cw`w Ipdn-°m\pw tªmKns\ ]‰n
Adn-bm-\p-ambn FØn-t®¿∂-X.v ktΩ-

f-\-\-S-Øn-∏n-\mbn cmPy-Øns‚ ]e
ÿe- ß - f n¬ \n∂mbn Hm¨sse\mbpw kwÿm-\-Øns‚ ]e Pn√-Ifn¬ \n∂mbn t\cn´pw Ht´sd
tªmK¿am¿ FØn-t®¿∂p.
in¬]- i m- e - b n- t e°v hfsc
t\csØ FØn-t®-cp-Ibpw IuXp-ItØmsS Hmtcm∂pw tNmZn-®d- n-bp-Ibpw
sNbvXXv Hcp Ad_n amjm-bn-cp-∂p,
Hmt´m ss{Uh¿am¿, hnZym¿∞n-Iƒ,
]{X-{]-h¿Ø-I¿ F∂n-ßs\ kaq-lØns‚ F√m Xe-Ønepw Dƒs∏-sS-bp≈-h¿ tªmKv XpS-ßn-bX
- v, `mhn am[ya-Øns‚ h¿[n® kzoIm-cyX kqNn-∏n°p-∂p. tIc-f-Ønse BZy-h-\nXm
Hmt´m ss{Uhdpw kmaq-ln-I{- ]-h¿ØI-bp-amb P{^o\ Hcp hnZym¿∞n-bpsS
A®- S - ° - t ØmsS (tªm- K m¿∞n!)
_qtem-It- Ø°v {]th-in-®X
- ,v ktΩ-f\-\S- Ø
- n-∏p-Im-sc-sb-∂t- ]mse ho£n°m-s\-Ønbhscbpw D’m-l`- c- n-Xc- m°n.
""tªmKv A°m-Zan Hcp A[n-Im-cÿm-]\
- a- √
- , \n›n-X`- c
- W
- L
- S- \
- t- bm,
`mc-hm-ln-I-tfm C√, _qtem-IsØ
P\-km-{μX h¿[n-∏n®v IqSp-X¬ P\-Iob-am-°pI F∂-XmWv {]Jym-]nX
e£yw. ae-bmfw tªmtKgvkv A√m-Øh¿°v {]mY-anI kmt¶-XnI ⁄m\w
]I-cp-∂X
- n-t\m-sSm∏w Imcy-߃ t\cn´v
]cn-Nb
- s- ∏-Sp-Øp∂ in¬]-im-eI
- f
- mWv
tªmKv A°m-Z-an-bpsS I¿a-]-cn-]m-Sn.
tªmKv P\-Io-ba- m-Ip-∂t- XmsS, ]c-amh[n hym]n-°p-∂-tXmsS A°m-Zan
kzbw C√m-Xm-Ipw.'' Ch¿ \bw hy‡am-°p-∂p. GXm\pw amk-߃°p-≈n¬
tIc-fØ
- nse F√m Pn√-If
- nepw A°mZ-an-bpsS in¬]im-e-Iƒ \S-°pw.
tªmKn-s\-]-‰n-bp≈ eLp-te-J, kn
Un tdmw F∂nh \h-tªm-K¿am¿°v
\¬Ip-Ibpw sNøp-∂p.
tªmKns‚ XpS- ° w, ae- b mfw
tªmKn\v th≠ ASn-ÿm-\-ku-I-cy߃ (bqWntImUv t^m≠v, ssS∏nwKv
tkm^v ‰ v s hb¿) tªmKns‚ `mhn
km[y- X - I ƒ, ayqknIv hoUntbm
tªmKp-Iƒ F∂n-hs
- b√mw in¬]-ime-bn¬ apXn¿∂ tªmK¿am¿ `mhn
tªmK¿am¿°v Hu]-Nm-cn-IX
- I
- t- f-Xp-an√msX ]cn-Nb
- s
- ∏-Sp-Øp-∂Xv A\p-Ic- Wob amXr-Ib
- m-W.v
C≥t^m-Sn]vkv: IqSp-X¬ hnh-c߃ Adn-bm-\pw, \nß-fpsS Pn√-bnse
tªmKv A°m-Zan hnh-c-ß-f-dn-bm-\pw
www.keralablogacademy.b
logspot.com ¬ FØp-I.

43

]w‡n

sh≈nshfn®w

ho´ns- eØphm-\p≈
hgnI- ƒ
Zpcq-l-X-Itfm {]tl-fn-IItfm H∂p-an-√msX kz—hpw efn-X-hp-amb
Ne-®n-{X-`m-j-bpsS D]-tbm-K-Øn-eq-sS-bmWv Cu Ne-®n-{X-Øns‚
\n¿Ωn-Xn. Ombm-{K-l-W-Øns‚ sI´p-Im-gvN-I-tfm,
Nn{X-k-∂n-th-i-Øns‚ KnΩn-°p-I-tfm, kwKo-X-Øns‚ s]cp-º-d-I-tfm,
C√msX Hcp \m´p-\-Zn-t]mse Hgp-Ip∂ Ne-®n-{Xw.
tPmkn tPmk^v

\

√ kn\n-a-bpsS ho´n-se-Øphm≥ ]e hgn-If
- p-≠.v AXn-sem-∂mWv
ip≤-\¿Ωw Nncn-Nn-Xd- p∂ \¬h-gn.
ssN\okv h∑-Xn-en-eqsS Aß-s\sbmcp bm{Xm-hgn \n߃°v k¶-e]
v n°m-\m-Iptam? Cs√-¶n¬ kMv bwKv
(Zang Yang) kwhn- [ m\w sNbv X
""sK‰nßv tlmw'' F∂ at\m-l-c-amb
ssN\okv Ne-®n{Xw ImWp-I.
Ign™ Unkw-_d- n¬ Xncp-h\
- ¥
- ]p-cØv \S∂ ]{¥-≠m-aXv C‚¿\m-j\¬ ^nenw s^Ãn-henemWv Nn{Xw
BZy-ambn ImWp-∂-Xv. Nn{X-Øns‚
c≠m-asØ {]Z¿i-\a- mWv I≠-X.v \√
Nn{X-sa∂ hmsamgn ]ckyw In´n-bn-cp∂-Xn-\m¬ Xotb-‰¿ \nd-™p-Ih
- n-™ncp∂p. sNdp-Nn-cn-Iƒ ]e-Nn-cn-I-fmbn
]S¿∂v, Nncn-I-fpsS ame-∏-S-°-ßfpw
Iø-Sn-I-fpsS Aan-´p-I-fp-ambn. ImWnIƒ a\w \nd™v BÀm-Zn-®mWv
""sK‰nßv tlmw'' I≠p-Xo¿Ø-Xv.
s^Ãn-h¬ Ah-km-\n-®t- ∏mƒ, G‰hpw
anI® Nn{X-Øn-\p≈ t{]£-I-Ahm¿Upw ""sK‰nßv tlmw'' t\Sn.
Zpcq-l-X-Itfm {]tl-fn-IItfm
H∂p-an-√msX kz—hpw efn-X-hp-amb
Ne-®n-{X-`m-jb
- psS D]-tbm-KØ
- n-eq-sSbmWv Cu Ne-®n-{X-Øns‚ \n¿Ωn-Xn.

2008 sabv 9

Ombm-{K-l-W-Øns‚ sI´p-Im-gvN-Itfm, Nn{X-k∂
- n-th-iØ
- ns‚ KnΩn-°pI-tfm, kwKo-XØ
- ns‚ s]cp-ºd- I
- t- fm,
C√msX Hcp \m´p-\Z- n-t]mse Hgp-Ip∂
Ne-®n-{Xw.
""sK‰nßv tlmw'' Un hn Unbn¬
]e-X-hW I≠p Ign-™-t∏mƒ, anIs®mcp Ne-®n-{Xm-\p-`-h-Øns‚ kuμcyhpw BÀm-Zhpw ]Xn-∑S- ßv h¿≤n-®tX-bp-≈q. am{X-a-√, HSp-hn-em-b-t∏mtgbv°pw a\- n¬ kXy≥ A¥n-°mSns‚ apJhpw sXfn-™p-h∂
- p. Hcp ip`{]-Xo-£b
- psS \ocm-´t- ØmsS ho´n-seØn-bX
- n-\p-tijw AXn-s\-°p-dn®v hniZo-Ic- n-°mw.
Nncn-hg
- n-bpsS Xnf°w
\K-c-a-[y-Ønse Hcp aZy-im-e-bnemWv ""sK‰nßv tlmw'' F∂ Ne-®n-{XØns‚ XpS-°w. km[m-cW sXmgn-emfn-If
- mWv kmthmbpw enbp-hpw. aZy-ime-bnse tai-∏p-dØv aZy-]n®v t_m[w
sI´-hn[w InS-°p∂ enbp-hn-s\, ip`bm-{X-b°
v p-th-≠n-bp≈ Ah-km-\s- ]§v
IpSn- ∏ n- ° p- h m≥ {ian- ° p- I - b mWv
kmthm. enbp-hn\v AXv IpSn°phm≥
Ign-bp-∂n-√. Abm-sfbpw Npa-en-te-‰ns°m≠v kmthm Xs‚ bm{X XpS-ßpI-bm-W.v

{Kma-Øn-te-°p≈ _ n-emWv
Ct∏mƒ kmthmbpw enbp-hpw. enbp
Iqfnßv •m v sh®v ]pd-tØbv°v
t\m°n-bn-cp∂v Dd-°-am-Wv. bm{X°m¿°v aq{X- s am- g n- ° m- \ mbn
tdmtUmcØv _s m-Xp°n ss{Uh¿
kv{XoIfpw ]pcp-j∑
- mcpw c≠p `mK-ßfn-tebv°p amdn-s°m-≈m≥ ]d-bp-∂p.
]pcp-j∑
- m¿ Cd-ßn-bh
- i
- Ø
- p-\n∂v Hfn™p-t\m-°p∂ sNdp-∏°
- m-cpsS ImgvN∏m-Sn¬, aq{X-sam-gn-°p-hm-\mbn Ip‰n-s®Sn-If
- psS CS-bn¬ Ccn-°p∂ kv{XoIsf
ImWn- I ƒ ImWp- ∂ p. Ah¿
_lfwsh®v t\m-°p-tºmƒ, \mw
ImWp-∂Xv _ ns‚ Nn√v P\m-e-bneqsS Iqfnßv •m p-sh®v Ahsc
t\m°n-bn-cn-°p∂ enbp-hn-s\-bm-Wv.
_ n-\p-≈n¬ _lfw shbv°p∂
kv{XoI-tfmSv (F-√m-hcpw ]pØ≥ \mKcn-It- h-jß
- ƒ [cn-®h
- ¿) kmthm am∏ptNm-Zn-°p-∂p. _ v apt∂m´v \oßp-∂p.
Cu Hscm‰ Zriy-Øn-eqsS Nn{XØns‚ kwhn-[m-b-I-\mb kMv bwKv
(ZANG YANG) Xs‚ \¿Ωm-Jym-\Øns‚ a¿Ωw shfn-s∏-Sp-Øp-∂p-≠v
F∂v \mw ASpØ cwK-Ønse a\- nem- ° q. Hcp sIm≈- k wLw _ v
Iogv s ∏- S p- Ø p- ∂ Xpw bm{X- ° msc
sIm≈-bS- n-°p-hm≥ {ian-°p-∂X
- p-amWv
ASp-Øc
- w-Kw. a[p-ca- t- \m⁄ ssN\bnepw sIm≈-kw-L-߃ D≠v F∂
bmYm¿∞ysØ Hcp sR´-temsS \mw
Dƒs°m≠v Ign-bp-tºmƒ, k-aIm-enI
ssN\okv kaq-l-Øns‚ s]m≈n°p∂ bmYm¿∞y-߃ Hs∂m-∂mbn
CXƒ hncn-bp-Ib
- m-bn.
_ nse bm{X-°m-cpsS hne-]n-Sn∏p≈ hkvXp-°fpw ]Whpw sIm≈-kwL-Øe
- h
- ≥ ssI°-em-°p-∂p. ""Fs‚
Iøn¬ ]W-sam-∂p-an√'' F∂p ]d-bp∂
Hcp bm{X-°m-ct- \mSv ""Imiv Iøn-en-s√¶n¬ ISw hmßpI'' F∂ _p≤n
sIm≈kwL-Ø-e-h≥ CXn-\n-S-bn¬
D]-tZ-in-°p-∂p-≠.v kmthm Xs‚ Iønep-≠m-bn-cp∂ A™qdv bphm≥ sIm≈kw-L-Ø-e-h\v \¬In. enbp-hns‚
t]m°-‰n¬ \n∂v Aøm-bncw bphm≥
kwL-Ø-e-h≥ FSp-Øp. At∏mƒ
kmthm Abm-tfmSv ]d-bp-∂Xv Cß-s\bmWv: BsI hne-sI-´X
- mWv Ahs‚
Pohn-Xw.....-Ah
- s\ ho´n-se-Øn-®p-sIm≈m-sa∂v Rm≥ hm°p-sIm-Sp-Øp-t]mbn...- s Im- g n- b p∂ Hmtcm Cebpw
AXns‚ thcp-If
- n-te°v aS-ßW
- w...B
aÆnte kam-[m\w In´q..'' kmthmbpsS Cu hm°p-Iƒ sIm≈-kw-LØ
- -

44

sK‰nwKv tlman¬ \n∂v Hcp cwKw
e-hs‚ Ic-fe
- n-bn-®p. Abmƒ ]d™p:
""CXmWv Iqdv.....-bY
- m¿∞ Iqdv'' F∂n´v
Abmƒ kmthmbv°v ]pdw Xncn-™p\n-∂v, Xs‚ Soj¿´v ]IpXn Db¿Øn°m-´n. apXp-In¬ ]®-Ip-Øn-bn-cn-°p-∂Xv
""Iqdv'' F∂ hm°m-Wv. sIm≈-kw-LØ- e - h ≥ Aev ] w IqSn So j¿´v
Db¿Øn-bt- ∏mƒ ""I≈-°qdv'' F∂mWv
AXv hmbn-°m≥ Ign-bp-∂-Xv. F∂n´v
Abm-ƒ hnIm-c-`-cn-X-\mbn kmthmtbmSv ]d™p: ""Rms\mcp ktlm-Zcs\ h©n-®p...-AX
- n\v Fs∂ atÆmSv
tN¿Øv Ah¿ Fs‚ apXp-In¬ FgpXn-b-Xm-Wv. CXv Rm≥ ambn-°n-√.
CsXs‚ ap{Z-bm-Wv.. Fs‚ Pohn-Xm-hkm\w hsc Rm\nXv Npa-°pw.''A-bmƒ _ n¬ \n∂v sIm≈-bSn®p In´nb apX-se√mw kmthmbv°v
\¬In: ""CXn\v A¿l≥ \obmWv''
F∂v ]d-™p-sIm≠v _ v ho≠pw
bm{X-Xp-S¿∂p. ASp-Ø-\n-anjw \mw
ImWp-∂X
- ,v _ v bm{X-°m¿ Hmtcm-cpØ-cmbn kmthm-bpsS Iøn¬ \n∂v
Xß-fpsS t]gvkp-Iƒ kz¥-am-°p-∂Xm-Wv. B sIm≈-kw-L-Ø-e-hs‚
lrZ-bh
- n-im-eX
- t- bmSv _ v bm{X-°mcmb B \mK-cn-Ic- psS kzm¿∞-X \madn-bmsX Xs∂ Xmc-Xayw sNbvXv
t]mIpw. B kzm¿∞X-bnse a\p-jyXzcm-ln-Xyhpw \mw ASp-ØZ- r-iy-Øn¬
A\p-`h
- n-®d- n-bp-Ib
- m-Wv. kmthm-bpsS
IqsS-bp≈ Iq´p-Im-c≥ enbp Hcp arXi-co-ca- m-Wv F∂ kXyw IÆo¿ Ie¿∂
Nncn-tbmsS ImWn-Iƒ Xncn-®d- n-bp-∂p.
Hcp arX-i-co-c-hp-ambn bm{X-sN-øm≥
Ign-bn-√, Xß-fpsS ]Ww Xncn-®p-XcWw F∂v bm{X-°m¿ H∂-S¶w Bhiy-s∏-Sp-Ib
- m-W.v
at\m-l-c-amb {Kma-Øns‚ a[yØn-eqsS t]mIp∂ B sslth-bn¬
_ v \n¿Ø-s∏-Sp-∂-Xns‚ Hcp AXn2008 sabv 9

hn-Zq-cZ- r-iy-amWv \mw ]n∂oSv ImWp-∂Xv. Cu Ne-®n-{X-Øns‚ B¥-cn-I-`mhsØ {]Xy- £ o- I - c n- ° p∂ Xow
ayqknIv ChnSw apX¬ \mw tIƒ°p-Ibm-Wv. ka-Im-enI ssN\okv kaq-lØn¬ thtcm-Sn-bn-cn-°p∂ kzm¿∞Xbpw hy‡n-]c
- X
- bpw Zpcm-{K-lß
- f
- psams° F{X ka¿∞-am-bmWv kwhn[m-b-I≥ Bhn-jvI-cn-°p-∂Xv F∂v
B¿{Z- l r- Z - b - ß - t fmsS Hmtcm
ImWnbpw A\p-`-hn-®-dn-bpIbmWv
CØcw aplq¿Ø-ß-fn-eqsS. ssN\bpsS Hc‰w apX¬ at‰ A‰w hsc
\ofp∂ Cu bm{X-bn¬ CØcw D÷ze-ap-lq¿Ø-߃ [mcm-fa- m-Wp-≈X
- .v
enbp-hns‚ arX-i-co-chpw Npa∂v
sIm≠v kmthm Xs‚ \SØw XpS-cp-Ibm-Wv. Ãm¿´v sNøm≥ Ign-bmsX hgnh-°n¬ InS-°p∂ Hcp hml\w kmthm
ImWp-∂p. \mK-cn-I\
- mb AXns‚ DS-aÿ-t\mSv Imdv Xm≥ X≈n-Ø∂v klmbn°mw ]Icw Xs∂ AXn¬ Ib‰mtam F∂v kmthm tNmZn-°p-∂p.
Abmƒ AXv kΩ-Xn-°p-∂psh¶nepw
Im¿ Ãm¿´mbn°gn-bp-tºmƒ \ndpØmsX HmSn-®p-t]m-Ip-Ib
- m-Wv. IΩyqWnÃv ssN\-bnse ]pXp-ap-X-emfn
Xcnºpw kXy-k-‘-X-bn-√m-Ø-h-\msW∂v tJZ-tØmsS \mw Xncn-®-dn-bpI-bm-Wv. F∂m¬, Xs‚ sNdp-h-≠nbn¬ ssht°m-ep-ambn h∂ I¿j-I≥
kmthmbv°v en^v‰v \¬Ip-I-bm-Wv.
sK‰nßv tlman-ep-S\
- ofw Xs∂ Im¿jnI-kw-kI
v r-Xn-sbbpw \mK-cn-Ik
- w-kI
v mc-sØbpw t\¿°p-t\¿ \n¿Øn KpWtZm-jX
- m-cX
- ayw sNøp-∂X
- mbn \ap°v
A\p-`h
- s- ∏-Spw. \m´n≥]pdw \∑-If
- m¬
kar≤w F∂v Cu hnNn-¥\w \sΩ
t_m[y-s∏-Sp-Øp-Ibpw sNøpw.
cm{Xn Hcp h≠n-Øm-h-f-Øn¬
temdn ss{Uh-d∑m-tcm-sSm∏w kmthm

Dd-ßp-∂p. Ahn-sS-sh®v Abm-fpsS
t]gvkv t]m°-‰-Sn-°-s∏-Sp-∂p-ap-≠v.
Ahn-sS-sh®v kmthm ]cn-Nb
- s
- ∏-Sp∂
apc-S\
- mb Hcp sNdp-∏°
- m-c≥ ss{Uh¿
kmthmbv°v en^vSv \¬Ip-∂p. h≠n
HmSn-s°m-≠n-cn-°p-tºmƒ kmthm Hcp
{Kmao-W-Km\w ]mSp-I-bm-Wv. \qdv
]q°ƒ hncn-bp∂ {Kma-sØ-°p-dn®pw
Ahn-sSbp≈ {]W-bn-\n-sb-°p-dn-®pap≈ Hcp Km\w.- Km\w ]Ip-Xn-bm-Iptºm-tg°pw ss{Uh¿ s]m´n-°c
- b
- p-Ibm-Wv. ""Fs‚ ]m´v A{Xbv°v tamiamtWm'' F∂mWv kmthm-bpsS \njvIf- ¶ - a mb tNmZyw. s]m´n- ° - c - ™ psIm≠v CtX tdmUn¬h®v ]cn-N-bs∏´ s]¨Ip´n Imap- I n- b mbXpw
Ahƒ Xs∂ h©n®v HmSn-t∏m-bXpw
Abmƒ ]d-bp-∂p. kmthm Abmsf
Biz-kn-∏n-®p. B {]W-bn-\n-°p-th≠n
C\nbpw IjvS-s∏´v tPmen-sb-SpØv
]Ww kºm-Zn-°p-I. Xo¿®-bmbpw
Ahƒ aS-ßn-hc- pw. kmthmbv°v bm{X
XpS-tc≠ ÿeØv h≠n \n¿Øn
kt¥m-j-tØmsS bm{X ]d™v B
ss{Uh¿ Xs‚ k©mcw XpS¿∂p,
kmthm Xs‚ \S-Ø-hpw. A]-cn-Nn-Xamb CS-ßf
- nepw kμ¿`-ßf
- nepw a\pjy¿°v D≈n¬ \∑ Ds≠-¶n¬ ]ckv]cw Xmßm-bn-Øo-cp-hm≥ Ignbpw
F∂v Cu cwK-Øn-eqsS kMv bwK
(ZANG YANG) sXfnbn°p-IbmWv.
ASpØ {Kma-Øn¬sh®v kmthm
Hcp ac-Wh
- o-´n¬ FØn-t®-cp-Ib
- m-Wv.
Ic-®nepw Nncnbpw Nn¥bpw ktΩ-fn°p∂ Akw-_‘ \nan-j-ß-fn-eq-sSbmWv Cu cwKØv t{]£-I≥ IS-∂pt]m-Ip-∂Xv. ac-Wh
- o-´n¬, ASn-b¥
- nc
kZy-°p≈ Hcp-°ß
- ƒ Hcp-hi
- Øv \S°p-∂Xv kmthm sImXn-tbmsS I≠p.
Ic™v ZpxJw {]I-Sn-∏n-°p-∂-h-cpsS
IqsS tN¿∂v Abmfpw Ic-bp-Ib
- m-Wv.
A`n-\b
- a- m-bn-Øp-Sß
- p∂ B Ic-®n¬
Bflm¿∞-amb Ic-®n-embn amdp-Ib
- mWv.
NS-ßp-Iƒ°ptijw, hb-dp\n-dsb
`£Ww Ign®v sIm≠n-cn-°p∂ kmthmbpsS ASp-Øp-h-∂n-cp∂v Xm\m-cmWv
_‘pthm, kplr-tØm, Xs∂ Rm≥
I≠n-´n-√t√m F∂v kw`m-jW
- a- m-cw-`n®
hr≤s\ Hcp sR´-temsS kmthm a\ n-em-°n. ih-a-©-Øn¬ InS-Øn-bncp∂ acn-®p-t]mb hr≤≥. H∂pw a\- nem-ImsX Pmfy-Xt- bmsSbpw `b-∏m-tSmsSbpw Ccp∂ kmthm-tbmSv hr≤≥
ck-Ic- a- mb B kXyw shfn-s∏-Sp-Øn.
(Xp-Sc- pw)

45

]w‡n

N{μ≥ :
Idp∏pw shfp∏pw
Fs‚ kz¥w ]{Xm-[n-]-cm-bn-cp∂p sI Fkv N{μ≥.
Ft∂mSv Gsd CjvSw Im´n. Fs∂ Ip‰-s∏-Sp-Øp-Ibpw
hg-°v ]-d-bp-Ibpw sNbvXp. Fs‚ Fgp-Øn¬ \√ \¿Ωw
hgn-sX‰n hfn-∏m-Ip-tºmƒ sXdn ]d-™p.
Rmt\m¿°p-∂p. N{μ≥ km¿ F∂p-apXtem
N{μ≥ tN´-≥ B-bn-Øo¿∂t√m F\n-°v.
]{Xm-[n]¿ ktlm-Z-c-\mbn amdn-bsXt∏m-ƒ?
kn B¿ Hma-\-°p-´≥

"{]

`mXw' ]{Xam∏n-kns‚
FXn¿h-iØ
- mWv "tIc-fi
- _vZw' kzX{¥-cm-jv{Sob hmcn-I-bpsS B∏o-kv.
HmSp ta™ \nc-∏o-Sn-I-bpsS D≈n¬
]gb sI´n-SØ
- n¬.
]{Xm-[n-]¿ sI Fkv N{μ≥.
amt\-P¿ Fw F≥ cma-N{- μ≥\m-b¿;
kJmhv Fw Fs‚ A\n-b≥.
ap≥ Fw]n hn ]n \mb-¿ B-Ip∂p
tIc-fi
- _vZw XpS-ßn-sh-®X
- .v ka¿∞\mb h°o¬. c≠p XhW temI-k`- bn-te°v sXc-s™-Sp-°-s∏-´p. IayqWnÃv kzX-{¥-\m-bn-cp∂p At±-lw. ]dhq¿ Sn sI sbbpw F≥ {ioI-WTv ≥\mb-sc-bp-amWv hn ]n \mb¿ sXc-s™Sp-∏n¬ tXmev]n-®-Xv. Hcp anSp-°\v
ssIh∂ Ipcp-´p-`m-Kyw.
"kZ-ky-Xn-eI
- ≥' Sn sI thep-∏n-≈bpsS ]p{X\pw "amen' hn am[-h≥\mb-cpsS ktlm-Zc- \
- p-amWv hn ]n \mb¿.
CS-tØm´p sNcn™ kzX-{¥-cmjv{So-bhpw ]pXp-abn¬ hncn™ kmlnXy-c-N-\-Ifpw tIc-f-i-_vZsØ AXn-

2008 sabv 9

thKw {it≤-b-am-°n. ]{Xm-[n-]¿ sI
Fkv N{μ≥ ae-bmf ]{X-km-ln-Xy-cwK-ßf
- n¬ sI _me-Ir-jvW\pw Imºnt»-cn-°p-sam∏w Ccn-∏p-d∏
- n®p s]s´-∂.v
\√ kpμc-]p-cp-j-\m-bn-cp∂p sI
Fkv N{μ≥ A∂v. 1964 ˛ 65 ¬. ]q¿ÆN-{μs‚ Xnf-°w. tZl-Øn\v GXm≠v
s]m≥\n-dw. Idp-Øa- n-\pØ at\m-lc
- amb apSn. ssÃe≥ aoi. IÆp-Iƒ°v
Aev]w \oe \ndw \\-™n-cpt∂m?
DS-bmØ thj-Øn\pw D≠m-bncp∂p XnI™ `wKn. \∂mbn aS-°nsh® \of≥ssI sh≈-j¿´v. tImSn- If¿ thjvSn. ]pØ≥ tXm¬sNcp-∏p-Iƒ.
ssIbn¬ a™-\n-d-°-S-em v IqSv.
AXn¬ IYbpw Ihn-Xbpw t\mhepw
\mS-I-hp-sam-s°-bm-sW∂v ]n∂oSv
Rm≥ Xncn-®d- n-™p.
iIew [rXn-bn¬ \S-∂p-h-cp∂
]{Xm-[n-]¿ ImgvNbv°v Hcp tiem-bn-cp∂p. "{]`mX' Øns‚ ap∂n¬ Rm≥
t\m°n-\n-∂n-cp-∂p.
i\n-bm-gvN-I-fn¬ ÿncw ImØp-

\n¬°pw. e£vao-\-S-bn¬ {Iu¨
t_°-dn-bpsS ap∂n-eqsS B¬a-cØn\p Iogn- e qsS \S∂phcp- ∂ Xv
ImWpw. tdmUv apdn®p IS∂v tIc-fi
- _vZØ
- ns‚ hmXn-en¬ Rm≥ \nev°pw.
Fs‚ ssIbn- e p≈ teJ- \ - ` mKw
Gev]n-°p-Ib
- mWv Bh-iyw.
tIm´bw sN√- ∏ ≥ Fgp- X p∂
"\mSI ˛ Ne-®n{X kvac-WI
- ƒ' tIc-fi-_Zv Ø
- n¬ XpS¿®-bmbn hcn-Ib
- m-W.v
Rm\mWv AXv BgvNt- Xmdpw ]I¿Øn
FgpXns°mSp-°p-∂X
- .v
c≠p aq∂mgv N Ign- ™ - t ∏mƒ
N{μ≥ km¿ Fs∂ tNmZyw sNbvXp:
CXm-cpsS ssIbv]S? F\n°v ]cn-Nb
- ap-≠t- √m ˛
Fs‚ ssI Xs∂, Rm≥ ]d-™p.
Rm≥ kn B¿ Hma- \ - ° p- ´ - ≥
BsW∂v, AXv BZyw Xs∂ shfn-s∏Sp-Øm-™X
- n¬ ]{Xm-[n-]¿ tZjy-s∏´p. tIc-f-i-_vZ-Øns‚ XpS-°-Øn¬
Xs∂ Rms\-gp-Xnb "lna-hms‚ a°ƒ'
Fs∂mcp sIm®p-\m-SIw aq∂mev e°ß-fn-embn At±lw {]kn-≤o-Ic
- n-®n-cp∂-t√m. c≠p aq∂v sIm®p-IY
- I
- f
- pw.
N{μ≥ km¿ tIc-fi
- _vZw B∏o-knte°v Fs∂ ]nSn-t®m-≠p-t]m-bn. amt\P¿ Fw Fs\ ]cn-Nb
- s
- ∏-Sp-Øn. ]{Xm[n-]k
- l
- mbn I√S hmkp-tZ-hs\ ]cnN-bs
- ∏-Sp-Øn.
As°m√w dn∏-ªnIv ]Xn-∏n¬
Fs‚ "[qa-bh
- \
- n- I' F∂ IY tN¿Øp.
Fkv F≥ tImtf-Pnse Fs‚ Fw
F kl-]m-Tn-Ifpw A[ym-]I
- c- p-sams°
IY-bn-ep-≠v. hna≥kv tImtf-Pnse
Fs‚ Iq´p-Imcnbpw! {]n≥kn-∏¬ tUm
Fw {io\n-hm-k≥ IY IÃ-Un-bn-se-SpØp. taen¬ tImtf-Pnse s]ºn≈msc°pdnt®m hm[ym-∑m-sc-°p-dnt®m
IYbpw Ifn-bp-sam∂pw ]mSn-s√∂v
Fs∂ `oj-Wn-s∏-Sp-Øn.....
"tIc-f-i_vZw' hn ]n \mb-cn¬
\n∂pw IrjvW-kzman sdUym¿ Gs‰Sp-Øp. "Ip¶pa' Øns‚bpw ssh°w
N{μ-ti-Jc- ≥\m-bc- p-sSbpw Fkv cma-IrjvW-s‚-bpw H∏-ambn sI Fkv
N{μ\pw a‰pw. F√mw IqSn BsI Hcp
tImem-l-ew. Rm≥ IuXp-I-tØmsS
AI-∂p-\n∂v t\m°n-°≠
- p F√mw.
ssh°w tN´≥ \ndhpw hc-bp-sams°- D≈ Ac-°ø
- ≥ Ip∏m-ba- mWv [cn°m-d.v as‰-√m-hcpw Xqsh≈ DSp-∏p-If
- pw.
B sh◊-I-fpsS t\Xm-hmbn as‰mcp
[h-fna DZn-®p-bc- pw Nne k‘y-If
- n¬.
sh´n-Øn-f-ßp∂ JZ¿ Pp∫, jmƒ,
ap≠v. aø-\mSv sI Zmtam-Z-c≥ _n F

46

sI Fkv N{μ≥

BIp∂p Ah-Xm-cw. ssh°w tN´≥,
N{μ≥km¿, cma-Ir-jW
v \Æm-®n, I√-Sb-Æ≥ XpS-ßn-b-h¿ ]S-b-Wn-bmbn
]n∂m-se. ]m¿hXn an¬, DÆn-®°w
hoSv, apkenbm¿ _n¬UnMv, Ip™-Ω∏m-ew, ]oc-¶n-ssa-Xm\w ˛ ]te-SØpw
Ccp´p hm°n\v Cu Iq´m-bav sb ImWm\n-Sb
- m-bn.
sh≈-thj {]uVn-Iƒ a™®p-Ign-bp-tºmƒ Zmtam-Zc- ≥ km¿ ssk°nƒ
dn£-bn¬ ap≠-b°
v t- e°v t]mIpw. aIfpsS ho´n-te-bv°v. a‰p-≈-Xp-߃
Ftßm´v t]mbn ad-bptam?
Hcp ]mXn-cm. {ioaqew ]nIvN¿ ]mekn¬ \n∂pw sk°≥Uv tjm Ign™v
dbn¬th tK‰v IS∂v Nn∂-°S- b
- n-te°v
{]th-in-®t- ∏mƒ _o®v tdmUn¬ \n∂pw
Hcp sh√p-hn-fn AXyp-®Ø
- n¬: "Rßsf
X√m\mcp-s≠Sm'
kn\na Ign-™n-d-ßn-b-h-scms°
HmSn cwK-sam-gn-™p.
ho≠pw kwL- K m\w t]mse
t]m¿hn-fn: "Rßsf X√m\mcp-s≠Sm?'
Rm≥ Xncn-™p-\n-∂v t\m-°n. \mept]¿. tXmtfmSv tXmƒ tN¿∂v :
Bcps≠Sm!
kq£n-®p-t\m-°n: Ct·-jy-kv,
t__n, cmP≥, Xºn!! Im°-\m-S≥
{_tZ-gk
v .v
HmSnsbmfn°m≥ {ian-°p-tºmƒ
t¢m°v Sh-dn\v Iosg-\n∂pw Rc-ßp∂
H®- Db¿∂p: Rß-fps-≠Sm! Im°-\mS≥amsc X√m≥ Rßfps-≠S- m.
\mev Im°Ifpw sX∂n-sØ-∂n ]d-∂-Sp-Øp. XpS¿∂v t¢m°v Sh-dn\p
Iogn¬-\n∂pw t__n-®m-bs‚ hnfn:
\ΩsS N{μ≥kmdpw Ipdp∏v tN´-\pam˛
sI Fkv N{μ\pw sI B\-μ°
- p-dp2008 sabv 9

∏pw. IqsS ssh°w N{μ-ti-J-c≥\mbcpw.
Aev]w Ign™v as‰mcp hnfn Nn∂°-S-bn¬ \nd-™p: Rßtfgp-t]sc
X√m≥ Bcps-≠Sm!!
sI Zmtam-Zc- s‚ "\c-IØ
- n¬ \n∂v'
ssh°- Ø ns‚ "\J- ß ƒ' "]©h≥ImSv' Im°-\m-Ss‚ "hkqcn' "DjvWta-Je' sI Fkv N{μs‚ "DanØo'
F∂o t\mh-ep-Iƒ Rm≥ Bth-itØmsS hmbn®p ckn°pw Imew. aebmf t\mh-en¬ sIm√wapJw sXfn-bpI-bm-sW∂v hniz-kn® ka-bw ˛
P\-bpKw hmcn-I-bn¬ BcymSv
tKm]nbpw hnXpc t__nbpw a‰pw \√
IY-Iƒ Fgp-Xp-∂p. ]n `mkvIc
- \
- pÆn
bpw ]n F≥ IrjvW-]n-≈-bp-sams°
]eXpw Fgp-Xp-∂p. hn _n kn \mb¿
]e ]e t]cnepw kI-eXpsagp-Xp∂p!
sIm√w hmcn-II
- ƒ hnev]\
- b
- nepw
hmb-\b
- nepw AXyp-®Ø
- n¬.
tIc-fi
- _
- Zv Ø
- n¬ sI Fkv N{μ≥
{]kn≤w sNøp- ∂ Xv Fw SnbpsS
"Imew', ]fl-cm-Ps‚ "cXn-\n¿tΔZw'
XpS-ßnb at\m-lc cN-\I
- ƒ. ("]mºv'
Ft∂m at‰m ]fl-cm-P≥ t]cn´ sIm®pt\m-he
- n\v "cXn-\n¿tΔZw' F∂ D{K≥
t]cv \¬In-bXv sI Fkv N{μ≥ F∂
]{Xm[n] {]Xn-`)
tIm´bw sN√-∏s‚ kvac-W-Iƒ
Ign-™t- ∏mƒ XpS-c\
- mbn sImSp-ØXv
Ipº-fØp i¶p-∏n-≈b
- psS "Ign-™I
- me-kvac- W
- I
- ƒ'. I√S hmkp-tZ-h\
- mWv
Nh-db
- n¬ t]mbn Ipº-fØ
- ns‚ Hm¿ΩIƒ Fgp-Xn-bn-cp-∂X
- .v N{μ≥ km¿ AXv
sNØn-an-\p-°pw. Xncp-hn-Xmw-Iq-dns‚
Ncn{Xw Adn-bm≥ klm-bn-°p∂ IrXnbmbn AXv.
BbnSbvs°t∏mtgm Hcp sIm®pIY Rm≥ tIc-fi
- _
- vZØ
- n-\v A-b®
- p.
an°-hmdpw ASpØmgvN-bn¬ Xs∂
A®-Sn®p hcn-I-bmWv ]Xn-hv. ]s£
Cu IY c≠p-am-ka- m-bn´pw ImWp-∂n√. Hm! FgpXn FgpXn A®-Sn-°m≥
sIm≈m-ØX
- mbn Fs‚ Fgp-Ø!v ]{Xm[n-]¿ Fs‚ IY Nh-‰p-sIm-´-bn¬
X≈n-°m-Wpw.
IY ad∂p Ign-bp-tºm-fp≠v Fs‚
IY "Ip¶p-a'-Øn¬! kNn-{X-am-bn-´v.
Rm≥ {i≤n-®p-hm-bn-®p. tImabv°pw
^pƒtÃm-∏n-\p-w H∂pw Hcp hyXym-khp-an-√.
F∂m¬, D≠v. Hcp am‰w D≠v. IYmIr-Øns‚ t]cv kn B¿ Hma-\°
- p-´≥
F-∂√
- . ]Icw I√S hmkp-tZ-h≥
- F∂v.
Fßs\ kln-°pw?

sIm√sØ Fs‚ PohnX`mKw
A`n-\b
- n-®p Ign-™n-cp-∂p. Fkv F≥
tImtfPv Fs∂ ]pd-¥-≈n. BsI
s]m´n-s∏m-fn™v Rm≥ tIm´-bsØØn-. Xo¿Øpw hgn-bm-[m-cw. FhnSpt∂m ]Øp cq]bpw kwL-Sn∏n®p
Rm≥ sIm√Øp sN∂p. t\sc tIc-fi-_Zv Ø
- n¬ sN∂p.
N{μ≥ kmdn-t\mSv ]cm-Xn-s∏-´p.
Fs‚ IY I√S hmkp-tZ-h-t‚Xmbn sImSp-ØXv t]m{In-Øc- a- m-sW∂v
Rm≥ Kuchw sIm≠p.
]{Xm-[n-]¿ ]d™p: Ccp-]Ø
- ©v
cq]- b psS AXym- h - i yw. H‰- ° miv
ssIøn-en-√. Fw F≥ henb apgpØ
amt\-P¿! NpΩm Imiv Xcn-√˛ "Ip¶p-a'Øn-\v Hcp IY sImSp-Øm¬ Ccp-]Ø©v cq] Xcm-sa∂v ssh°w ]d™p. ]ns∂ sNøm-hp-∂X
- .v . \ns‚ IY
t]cp-sh´n I√-S-bpsS t]cn¬ sImSpØp.
At±lw Nncn-®p. Fs∂bpw Iq´n
IrjvW-kzman sdUym-cpsS apdn-bnte°v t]mbn. Ign™ IY- F√mw
]d™p tIƒ∏n-®p. sdUym¿ B\-μn®v
F\n°v A≥]Xv cq] X∂p.
kw`hw Adn™v ssh°w
]d™p: C\n Chn-sSßpw I≠p-t]mI-cp-X.v DS≥ ASpØ h≠n°v tIm´bw
]nSn-t®m-; At√¬ C\nbpw IY amdpw.
Hma-\°
- p-´≥ hmkp-tZ-h\
- m-Ipw...
F¶nepw Fs‚ kz¥w ]{Xm-[n-]cm-bn-cp∂p sI Fkv N{μ≥. Ft∂mSv
Gsd CjvSw Im´n. Fs∂ Ip‰-s∏-Sp-ØpIbpw hg-°v ]-d-bp-Ibpw sNbvXp.
Fs‚ Fgp-Øn¬ \√ \¿Ωw hgn-sX‰n
hfn-∏m-Ip-tºmƒ sXdn ]d-™p.
tIc-fi
- _vZw Dt]-£n®v At±lw
Xncp-h-\-¥-]p-c-Øn\p t]mbn. ]ns∂
A]q¿Δ-amtb XΩn¬ I≠p-≈q. "NXpcwKw' hmcnI Bcw-`n-®t- ∏mƒ "\obpw
Fgp-Xnt°m' F∂v ]d-™p. Rm≥
At∏mgpw kzmX{¥ysaSpØp ]d™p:
"NXp-cwKw' F∂ t]cv am‰-Ww. ]Icw
"N{μ-i_vZw' F∂n-SpI. F∂msegp-Xmw.
Ah-km\w Hcn-°¬ I≠p. BsI
apjn™ cq]w. sh◊ aßn hnf-dn-t∏mbn-cn-°p-∂p. ]gb kuμ-cy-Øns‚
\ng¬. F\n°v h√mØ k¶Sw
tXm∂n.
Rmt\m¿°p- ∂ p. N{μ≥ km¿
F∂p-apXtem N{μ≥ tN´-≥ B-bnØo¿∂t√m F\n-°v. ]{Xm-[n]¿
ktlm-Zc- \
- mbn amdn-bsXt∏m-ƒ?

47

hni-I-e\w

C Fw Fkp-am-bp≈ kwhm-Z-߃ ˛6

]Wna- p-S°
- n\p tijw
R߃, Rm\pw a\gn amÃdpw, cm{Xn bm{X-bv°n-S-bn¬
kwkm-cn-®Xv Rß-fpsS a\xk-am-[m-\-Øn\v th≠n-bm-bn-cp∂n√.
X¿°-Im-cy-ß-fn¬ R߃°v sX‰p-]-‰n-bn-´pt≠m F∂v
Adn-bm-\m-bn-cp-∂p. Iq´-Øn¬ C Fw Fkns‚ A`n-{]mbw
Adn-bepw Dt±-i-am-bn-cp-∂p. F∂m¬ bm{X-bpsS
Ah-km-\-am-b-t∏m-tg°pw RßfpsS \ne-]mSv
icn-bm-sW∂pw B icn C Fw Fkn\v t_m[y-ap≈
icn-bm-sW∂pw AXns‚ {]Xn-^-e\w ]m¿´n t\Xr-Xz-Øns‚
\ne-]m-Sn¬ ImWm≥ Ign-bp-sa∂pw {]Xym-i-bm-bn.

hn ]n hmkp-tZ-h≥

a

\-gn-am-ÿ ]d-™Xv D≤-cn-°ptºmƒ sX‰n-≤c- n-°m-hp-∂X
- p-t]mse C
Fw F ns\ Imcy-߃ a\- n-em-°n®v
RßfpsS `mKØv (Un-am‚ v ImcyØn¬ \qdp cq]-°m-cpsS) Iq´pI
Fs∂m∂pw kwkm-cn-°p-tºmƒ Dt±-in®nt´ C√m-bn-cp-∂p. Rm≥ A∂v ka-ck-an-Xn-bpsS kwÿm\ {^m£-\nepw
]Xn-aq∂v AwK {^m£≥ IΩn-‰n-bnepw
AwK-am-bn-cp-∂p. ]Wn-ap-S°v Xp-Sß
- nb
tijw ÿnc-ambn ]m¿´n kwÿm\
sk{I-´dn k: C sI \mb-\m¿ AXn¬
kw_-‘n-°m-dp-≠m-bn-cp-∂p. hnhn[
Im‰-Kd- n-Isf Dƒs°m≈p∂ F≥ Pn H
bqWn-b\pw G‰hpw sNdnb kwL-S\
- bmb `mjm-[ym-]-I-kw-L-S-\bv°pw
G‰hpw henb kwL-S-\-bmb sI Pn
]n Sn F bv°pw F√mw AXn¬ Hmtcm
{]Xn- \ n- [ ntb D≠m- b n- c p- ∂ p- ≈ q.
AXn¬ an°-hmdpw ]m¿´n sk{I-´-dn2008 sabv 9

tb‰v Xo-cp-am\w Adn-bn-°e
- √
- msX hniZ-amb N¿® \S-Øm≥ Ign-™n-cp-∂n-√.
\b-]-c-amb Imcy-ß-fn¬ {^m£≥
IΩn‰n tN¿∂m¬ t]mcm {^m£≥ apgph\pw Xs∂ tNtc-≠n-bn-cp-∂p. A-[ym]I ]Wn-ap-S°v Bcw-`n® 1973 P\p-hcn
17 \v apºmbn F≥ Pn H am¿ ka-cØn¬ D∂-bn® \qdv cq] CS-°m-emizmkw A[ym-]I
- k
- a- c- k
- a- nXn D∂-bn°-cp-sX∂pw ]Icw 25% CS-°m-emizmkw F∂ Unam‚ v hbv°W
- s- a∂pw
]m¿´n sk{I-´d- n-tb‰v Xocp-am-\n®v Adnbn-°p-Ib
- m-bn-cp-∂p. CXv icn-bs
- öpw
Cu Unam‚ v am‰¬ ka-csØ {]Xn-Iqe-ambn _m[n-°p-sa∂pw kJm-°ƒ C
]fl-\m-`\pw ]n sI \ºymcpw hotdmsS
hmZn-®p-t\m-°n.
""AsXm∂pw F\n-°d- n-bn√. ]Xn-\©mw-Xo-bXn kz-Imcy kvIqƒ A[ym]-I¿ ]Wn-ap-S-°n¬ tNc-W-sa-¶n¬

Unam‚ v 25% Bbn-cn-°-Ww. AXn\v
Kh¨sa‚ v A[ym-]I
- ¿ Xs∂ 25% CS°m-em-izmkw F∂ Unam‚ v hbv°Ww. CXv ]m¿´n Xocp-am-\a- m-W.v '' CXmbn-cp∂p \mb-\mcpsS adp-]S- n.
""sIm≠p-\S- ∂
- Xpw \otb Nm∏m
sIm≠p-t]mbn sIm√n-®Xpw \otb
Nm∏m. ]m¿´n Xocp-am-\w R߃ A\pk-cn-°pw... ]n sI \ºym¿ ]d-™p.
""hS-°≥ ]m´p-Iƒ As∂-°mƒ
\∂mbn ]mSm≥ F\°v Adn-bpw.
]m¿´n kacw tXmev]n-°p-∂p- F∂m
\ºym¿ ]mSn-b-Xv. ]m¿´n kacw hnPbn-∏n-°m-\mWv ]mSp-s]-Sp-∂X
- .v as‰√m
Imcy-ßfpw am‰n-sh®v Cu ]Wn-ap-S°
- nte°v F√m i‡nbpw tI{μo-I-cn®v
{]h¿Øn-°m\m ]m¿´n Xocp-am-\w.
]Wn-ap-S°v Pbn-°pw. A∏ \ºymcv
]m´v am‰n ]mtS≠n hcpw.'' GI-tZiw
Cß-s\-bmWv \mb\m¿ adp-]Sn ]d™-X.v AXv \¿Ω-tØmsS ]d™ adp]-Sn-bm-bn-cp-∂p.
kacw Ah-km-\n-®p. (A-h-km-\n∏n® coXn Ign™ e°-Øn¬ hni-ZoI-cn-®n-´p-≠v) ]n∂oSv tN¿∂ Hcp IΩn‰n-bn¬ \mb-\m¿ Cu hS-°≥ ]m´v
ho≠pw A\p-kav c- n-°p-Ib
- p-≠m-bn. AXv
GXm≠v Cßs\ Bbn- c p- ∂ p. ""
\ºymcv hS-°≥ ]m´v ]mSn-bn-´p-≠v
A∂sØ ]m¿´n Xocp-am-\Ø
- n\v FXncm-bn-´.v Unam‚ v am‰n-bX
- nev ^mƒ´v ]‰nsb∂v AwKo-I-cn-°p-tºmƒ Xs∂
kzImcy A[ym-]-Isc ]Wn-ap-S-°nte°v Cd-°m≥ AXv Bh-iy-am-bncp∂p F∂v ImW-Ww.''
\mb-\m¿ C∏-d™ \ymbo-I-c-WØn¬ hfsc icn- b p- ≠ m- b n- c p- ∂ p.
F∂m¬ Unam‚ v am‰p-∂-Xn\v ]Icw
ka-c-Øn¬ kzIm-cy-kvIqƒ A[ym-]I¿ htc- ≠ - X n- s √∂pw BZyw
]WnapS°n-ep-≈-h¿ \ymb-amb Hcp
kabw Ign™v ]Wn-ap-S°v \n¿Øn-sh®m¬ aXn-sb∂pw Hcp Btem-N\
CSbv°v F≥ Pn H bq\n-b≥ t\Xr-XzØn¬ Bcw-`n-®n-cp-∂p. 1973 am¿®v 3 \v
]Wn-ap-S°v ]n≥h-en® tijw ]m¿´n
sk≥{S¬ IΩn-‰n-bpsS hne-bn-cp-ج
D≠m-bn. AXn¬ ]m¿´n kwÿm-\-IΩn-‰n-bpsS `mKØv \n∂v ]Wn-ap-S°ns\ BZyw apX¬ {i≤n-°m-ØXnepw CSbv°v h®v Unam‚ v am‰n-bXnepw Kpcp-X-c-amb hogvN kw`-hn-®psh∂pw B hogvN kw`-hn-®n-√m-bn-cps∂-¶n¬ kacw {]Xy£ hnP-bØ
- n¬
Xs∂ Iem-in-°p-am-bn-cp∂p F∂pw ]d™n-cp-∂p. Cu hna¿i\w AS-ßnb

48

C Fw Fkp-ambn bmZr-—n-I-am-bp-≠mb N¿®-bn¬ hy‡-am-bXv
t]mse At±lw Imcy-ßsf ]q¿Æ-ambn a\- n-em-°n-bn-cp-∂p.
kJmhv _mem-\-μs‚ ap≥ssIbpw C Fw F ns‚ AwKo-Im-chpw
B hna¿i-\-Øn¬ D≠m-bn-cp-∂p. B hna¿i\w A∂v F√m
LS-I-ß-fnepw dnt∏m¿´v sNøm-Xn-cp-∂Xpw AXn-\mbn
{ian-°m-Xn-cp-∂Xpw henb hogvN-bmbn C∂v tXm∂p-∂p.
Ipdn-∏ns‚ Hcp tIm∏n Cu teJ-I\pw
In´n-bn-cp-∂p. ]m¿´n LS-Iß
- f
- n-te°v,
Iotgm´v dnt∏m¿´v sNøm≥ kuI-cyØn\v IqSn-bm-bn-cp∂p FgpXnb Ipdn∏v.
F∂m¬ tIc-f-Øn-se-hn-sSbpw
Cu hna¿i\w Imcy-ambn dnt∏m¿´v
sNbvXn-´n√ F∂mWv tXm∂p-∂-Xv.
ImcWw Cu hna¿i-\Ø
- n-s\√mw AXoX-amb Hcp sFIy-\n-cbpw Hcp cmjv{Sobhpw Poh-\°
- m-cpsS CS-bn¬ tbmPn®p≈ ]Wn-ap-S°
- ns‚ `mK-ambn Db¿∂ph-∂n-cp-∂p. Poh-\-°m¿°v CSbv°v
Cß-s\-sbmcp hn`m-Kob N¿® D≠mbn-cp-∂p-sh∂v Hm¿Ωn-°m≥t]mepw IgnbmØ hn[w ]Wn-ap-S°v cwKw A{Xbpw
Dujva-f-am-bn-cp-∂p. ]Wn-ap-S-°ns‚
BZy-L-´-Øn-ep-≠mb Cu X¿°-ßsfm∂pw AWn-Iƒ°v {]iv\a- m-bn-cp-∂n√. t\Xr-Xz-Øn-ep-≈-h¿ Xs∂bpw
]Wn-ap-S°v ]Ip-Xn-bm-b-t∏m-tg°pw
Xs∂ CsX√mw ad-∂p-t]m-bn-cp-∂p.
Cu hna¿i\w \S- Ø nb
sk≥{S¬ IΩn-‰n-bm-Is´ ]Wn-ap-S°ns‚ CSbv°v Xs∂ Cu hogvNI
- sf
I≠-dn™v Ign-bp-∂{X Xncp-ج \SØn-bn-cp-∂p. ]Wn-ap-S°v XpS-ßp-tºmƒ
hntZ-i]
- c- y-S\
- Ø
- n-\mbn ]pd-s∏´v C¥yhn´v Ign-™n-cp∂ k: _mem\-μs\
Xncn-®p-hn-fn®v tIc-f-Øn¬ Iymºv
sNøn-®n-cp-∂p. kJm-°ƒ ]n cmaaq¿Ønbpw F sI Pnbpw ]Wn-ap-S°ns‚ ssZ\w-Zn\ Ah-tem-I\w \SØn-bn-cp-∂p. \mb-\m¿ ]d™ t]mse
]m¿´n F√m i‡nbpw ]Wn-ap-S°n¬
tI{μo-Ic- n-°m≥ c≠mw L´-Øn-em-sW¶nepw Xøm-sd-Sp-°p-Ibpw AXn¬
Atß-b‰w hnP-bn-°p-Ibpw sNbvXn-cp∂p. AXp-sIm-s≠√mw tI{μ-I-Ωn-‰nbpsS hna¿i\w G‰p-]-d-bp-∂-Xn¬
kJm-°ƒ C ]fl-\m-`≥, ]n sI
\ºym¿ XpSßn ]e¿°pw Xmev]c- y-an√m-bn-cp-∂p. Cu teJ-I\
- S- °w BZyw
apXte \qdv cq] Unam‚n-t\m-sSm∏w
\n∂- h - c m- I t´ tI{μ- I - Ω n- ‰ n- b psS
hna¿i\w sIm≠v am{Xw k¥p-jvSN
- n2008 sabv 9

Ø-cp-am-bn-cp-∂p.
C Fw Fkp-ambn bmZr-—n-Ia- mbp-≠mb N¿®-bn¬ hy‡-am-bXv
t]mse At±lw Imcy-ßsf ]q¿Æambn a\- n-em-°n-bn-cp-∂p. kJmhv
_mem-\μ
- s‚ ap≥ssIbpw C Fw
F ns‚ AwKo-Im-chpw B hna¿i\- Ø n¬ D≠m- b n- c p- ∂ p. B
hna¿i\w A∂v F√m LS-Iß
- f
- nepw
dnt∏m¿´v sNøm-Xn-cp-∂Xpw AXn-\mbn
{ian-°m-Xn-cp-∂Xpw henb hogvNb
- mbn
C∂v tXm∂p-∂p. ImcWw A∂v ""sXmgnemfn hncp≤'' hpw ]ptcm-Ka- \
- h
- n-cp-≤h
- pamb Hcp \ne-]mSv FSp-Øh
- c- m-bn-cp∂p
""Unam‚ v am‰w'' F∂ Bhiyw D∂-bn®-Xv. Ah-cpsS ""cmjv{So-b''-amWv C∂v
IΩyq-WnÃv (am¿IvknÃv) ]m¿´n-bpsS
cmjv{Sobw C√m-bvab
- mbn amdn-bn-´p-≈Xv. A∂v Cu Akp-JsØ ""IpØn-Øncn∏v cmjv{Sobw '' F∂mWv a\gn
amÃcpw a‰pw hnfn-®n-cp-∂-Xv. ""C ]fl\m-`≥ k¿Δ-k-Ω-X-\mb t\Xm-hmbn
Db-cp-∂-Xn¬ Nne¿°p≈ Akq-bbmWv Cu Unam‚ v am‰-Øns‚ ]n∂nep-≈Xv'' F∂v ]n sI \ºym¿ ]®bmbn ]d-bp-am-bn-cp-∂p. Cu kzIm-cykvIqƒ ]m¿´n t\Xm-°ƒ°v kz¥w
h¿§- t ØmSv ]£- ] m- X - a n- s √∂pw
Ahsc Xs∂ ]p—-am-sW∂pw Ah¿°v
sXmgn-emfn h¿§ cmjv{Sobw Xs∂
AbnØ-am-sW∂pw Nne kJm-°ƒ ]dbm-dp-≠m-bn-cp-∂p. C ]fl-\m-`≥, ]s£,
sFIy-sØ-XI
- ¿°p∂ CØcw N¿®-Isf-sb√mw I¿i-\a- mbn FXn¿Øn-cp-∂p.
IΩyq-Wn-Ãp-Im-c≥ F√m s]‰n-\k
- p-Ifn¬ \n∂pw (A-ev]-Ø-cw) ap‡-cm-IW-sa∂pw ]m¿´n saº¿jn-∏n¬ h∂h≥ ]ns∂ Im‰-Kdn A¥-kn-s\-∏‰n
Nn¥n-°m≥ t]mepw ]mSn-s√∂pw Bbncp∂p C ]fl-\m-`s‚ XXzw. At±-lsØ-°mƒ hfsc ko\n-bd- mbncp∂ ]n
sI \ºym¿ \nco-£n-®n-cp-∂Xv t]mse
C ]fl-\m-`≥ P∑\m t\Xmhpw s]‰n\kv C-√m-Øh
- \
- p-am-bn-cp-∂p.
Cu Nn¥-Iƒ ChnsS Bh¿Øn-

C Fw Fkv
°p-∂Xv F¥n\v F∂v kwi-bn-°p∂
Nne--s c- ¶ nepw D≠m- I mw. AØcw
kplr-Øp-°sf Hcp kw`hw Hm¿Ωn-∏n°-s´. F sI B‚Wn apJy-a{- ¥n-bmbn
h∂ ka-bØv (1999) tIc-fØ
- n¬ F≥
Pn H amcpw A[ym-]-I-amcpw ]Wn-ap-S°p-Ib
- p-≠m-bn. A∂v kn ]n Fw sk{I´dn Bbncp∂ ]nW-dmbn hnP-b≥
knwK-∏q-cn-te°v hnt\m-Zb
- m{X t]mIpI-bmWv sNbvXX
- .v CXpw _mem-\μ
- ≥
ssN\bpw tkmjy-enÃv cmPy-ßfpw
kμ¿in-°m≥ Bcw-`n® bm{X apS°n
tIc-fØn¬ F≥ Pn H A[ym-]I
- ]
- W
- nap-S°w \bn-°m-\mbn Xncn-®p-h∂
- Xpw
XΩn¬ Xmc-Xays∏Sp-tØ-≠X
- m-W.v 1971
¬ kn sF Sn bp cq]o-I-cn® tijw
t{SUv bqWn-b≥ amXr-Ib
- n¬ {]h¿-Øn°m-\mWv A[ym-]I F≥ Pn H cwKØv
A∂sØ ]m¿´n \n¿t±iw \¬In-bncp-∂X
- .v Ct∏mƒ sXmgn-emfn h¿§-sa∂
hm°v Xs∂ ]e¿°pw Ae¿Pn-bm-bncn-°p-∂p. kn sF Sn bp F∂ hn`mKw
Xs∂ jWvUh
- ¬°-cn-°s- ∏-´n-cn-°p-∂p.
sXmgn¬ \jvSs
- ∏-Sp-Ibpw \ntj-[n-°pIbpw sNøp∂ ÿe-ßf
- nepw kμ¿`ß-fnepw a\p-jy-Xz-Øns‚ t]cn¬ e`n°p∂ Nn√d Bizm-ksØ ""t\m°pIqen'' F∂v ]d™v ]cn-lk
- n-°p-Ibpw
AXv kmaq-ln-Ih
- n-cp-≤a- mWv ""]nSn-®p-]dn-''bmWv F∂v {]Jym-]n-°p-Ibpw
sNøp-∂Xv ]m¿´n sk{I-´d- n-bm-W.v Cu
]m¿´n sk{I-´-dn°v th≠n XnI®pw
hn`m-Kob \ne-bn-em-sW-¶nepw \njv]£X Na®v hotdmsS hmZn-°p-∂h
- cn¬
A∂v, 1973 ¬, ]Wn-ap-S°ns‚ \Sp°v
h®v Unam‚ v am‰m≥ {ian® H∂v c≠v
A[ym-]I
- t- \-Xm-°ƒ (A∂pw C∂pw
t\Xm-°ƒ ) D≠v F∂Xv bmZr-—n-Ia- √.

49

C sI \mb-\m¿

R߃, Rm\pw a\gn amÃdpw,
cm{Xn bm{X-bv°n-S-bn¬ kwkm-cn-®Xv
Rß-fpsS a\xk-am-[m-\Ø
- n\v th≠nbm- b n- c p∂n√. X¿°- I m- c y- ß - f n¬
R߃°v sX‰p-]-‰n-bn-´pt≠m F∂v
Adn-bm-\m-bn-cp-∂p. Iq´-Øn¬ C Fw
Fkns‚ A`n-{]mbw Adn-bepw Dt±i-am-bn-cp-∂p. F∂m¬ bm{X-bpsS Ahkm-\a- m-bt- ∏m-tg°pw RßfpsS \ne]mSv icn-bm-sW∂pw B icn C Fw
Fkn\v t_m[y-ap≈ icn-bm-sW∂pw
AXns‚ {]Xn-^e
- \w ]m¿´n t\Xr-XzØns‚ \ne-]m-Sn¬ ImWm≥ Ign-bpsa∂pw {]Xym-ib
- m-bn.
B {]Xymi k^-e-am-Ip-Ibpw
sNbvXp. AXm-bn-cp∂p kwÿm-\s
- k{I-´-dn-tb-‰n\p FXn-cmb tI{μ-I-Ωn-‰nbpsS hna¿i- \ - Ø ns‚ A¿∞w.
F∂m¬ B hna¿i- \ - Ø ns‚
{]m[m\yw apgp-h-\mbn Dƒs°m≠v
{]h¿Øn-°p-∂X
- n¬ F≥ Pn H A[ym]-Ik
- w-LS- \
- I
- f
- nse ]m¿´n {]h¿ØI¿°v hogvN ]‰n. H∂mwInS-bn¬
{]h¿Øn-°p-Ibpw c≠mw \nc-bn¬
\n¬°p-Ibpw sNbvXn-cp∂ t\Xm-°ƒ
(kn hnP-bt- Km-hn-μ≥, sI Fw Pn ]Wn°¿ XpS-ßn-b-h¿ ) Cu dnt∏m¿´v
Xmtgm´v \¬Im-Xn-cp-∂m¬ ]n∂oSv
\Ωƒ tJZn-t°≠n hcp-sa∂v At∂
]d-™n-cp-∂-Xm-Wv. C∂v Aßs\
tJZn-t°≠ Imew h∂n-cn-°p-∂p.
sXmgn-emfn hncp≤ h¿§w IΩyq-WnÃv
{]ÿm-\Øns‚ t\Xr-ÿ-e-ß-fn¬

2008 sabv 9

ASn-™p-Iq-Sp-∂p.
CXv bmZr-—n-Ia- mbn kw`hn-®-X-√. temI-km-l-Ncyw
sIm≠v am{X-ambn kw`-hn-®Xp-a-√. 1973 se ka-c-Øn¬
""25% iX-am-\°
- m¿'' ]n¥-≈s∏´p AYhm Xncp-Ø-s∏´p
F∂Xv icn. F∂m¬ ]Wn-apS-°n\v tijw Cu kzbw
hna¿i\w Xmtg-X´p apX¬
\S-Øm-Xncp∂Xn-\m¬ Cu
hn`m- K - Ø n\v Xs∂- b mWv
]m¿´n t\Xr-Xz-Ønepw kwLS\m t\Xr-Xz-Ønepw ÿm\߃ D≠m-b-Xv. BZy-L-´Øn¬, ]Wn-ap-S°v Ign™
DS-s\-Xs∂ Ah¿ Hcp A´nadn {iaw \S-Øn. kzIm-cykvIqƒ A[ym-]I
- cn¬ ]Wnap-S-°n-b-h¿°v ]Wn-ap-S°v
Xo¿∂- X n- \ p- t ijw thsd
kwL-S\
- b
- p-≠m-°p-sa∂p kac-t\-Xr-Xzw {]Jym-]n-®n-cp-∂p. F∂m¬
AXn-s\-Xnsc kwÿm-\s
- k-{I-´d- n-tb‰n-s\-s°m≠v Xocp-am\w FSp-∏n-°p-∂Xn¬ ""25 iX-am-\-°m¿'' hnP-bn-®p.
F∂m¬ kz¥w kwL-S-\-bn¬ Iem]-ap-≠m°n ]Wn-ap-S°v cwKØv h∂
AWn-I-fpsS kΩ¿±sØ XpS¿∂v
]m¿´n kwÿm\ IΩn-‰n°v Xs∂ B
Xocp-am\w Xncp-tØ-≠-Xmbpw sI ]n
Sn bp F∂ ]pXnb kwL-S\ cq]o-Ic- nt°-≠X
- mbpw h∂p. Aßs\ ]pXnb
kwL-S\ D≠m-°n-sb¶nepw ]Wn-apS°p ImeØv t\XrXzw \¬In-bh
- sc
Hgn-hm°n ""25 iX-am-\''-°msc t\Xr-XzØn¬ hmgn-°p-∂X
- n¬ Nne¿ hmin-ImWn- ® p. ]m¿´ntI{μ- I - Ω n- ‰ n- b psS
hna¿i\w Xmtgm´v dnt∏m¿´v sNbvXn-cp∂p-sh-¶n¬ CXv km[n-°p-am-bn-cp-∂n-√.
k¿°m¿ taJ-e-bn-em-Is´ ]Wn-ap-S°ns‚ kzm`m-hn-I-^-e-ambn F√m
A[ym-]-I¿°pw H‰ kwL-S-\-sb∂
Bibw bmYm¿∞y-am-bn. sI Pn Sn F
\ne-hn¬ h∂p-. ]n∂o-Sp≈ GI-tZiw
F´p-h¿j-°mew t{SUv bqWn-b≥ coXnbn¬ k¿Δokv kwL-S\
- I
- fpw A[ym]-Ik
- w-LS- \
- I
- fpw {]h¿Øn-°p-Ib
- mbn-cp-∂p. F∂m¬ k¿°m¿ A[ym-]Icpw kzImcy kvIqƒ A[ym-]I
- cpw H‰
kwL-S\
- b
- m-hp-Is- b∂ Bibw \S-∏nem-°n-s°m≠v Cu t{SUv bqWn-b≥
coXn°v ]gb ""25% iX-am-\°
- m¿'' ]mc
sh®p. Aß-s\-bmWv sI Fkv Sn F
F∂ kwL-S\ D≠m-b-Xv. sI Pn Sn
F D≠m-bXv t]mse AWn-Iƒ N¿®

sNbvXv t\Xr-Xz-tØmSv Bh-iy-s∏´v
D≠m-°n-bX
- √ sI Fkv Sn F. ]m¿´n
kwÿm-\I
- Ω
- n-‰n-bpsS kzImcy kvIqƒ
A[ym-]-I-hn-`mKw ]m¿´n t\Xr-XzØns\ sIm≠v Xocp-am-\sa-Sp-∏n®v
D≠m-°n-bX
- mWv sI Fkv Sn F. AXp≠mb tijw A[ym-]I
- k
- w-LS- \
- m-cwKØv A]-Nbw Bcw-`n-®p. t{SUv bqWnb≥ coXn- b n- e p≈ kwL- S \m- { ]h¿Ø\w km[y-am-bn-√. amt\-Pvsa‚ns\-Xn-cmb kacw t]mbn´v ap{Zm-hmIyw
t]mep-an-√m-Xm-bn. A°m-Ua- nIv cwKØv
kz¥-amb {]h¿Ø\w C√m-Xm-bn..
F√mw imkv{X-km-ln-Xy-]c
- n-jØ
- n\v
hn´p- s Im- S p- Ø p. AYhm ]cn- j ØvIm¿°v B A[n-Imcw \S-Øm≥
A[ym-]-I-kw-L-S\ Npa¬ XmgvØnsIm-Sp-Øp. t]mbn-t∏m-bn A[ym-]I
- ¿
i\nbpw Rmbdpw ¢ms -Sp-°W
- s- a∂v
A[n- I m- c - ÿ m- \ - Ø p≈h¿ ]d- b ptºmƒ AXn\v dm≥aqfn AXv \S-∏m-°nsIm- S p- ° p∂ A[ym- ] - I - t \- X m- ° fp≠mbn. 1969 ¬ Ac-aW
- n-°q¿ hoXw
kvIqfn¬ A[n-I-k-abw Ccn-°-Wsa∂ kn F®v apl-ΩZ- tv Im-bb
- psS Xn´qc-Øns\ sXcp-hn-en-dßn kacw sNbvXv
tXmev]n® A[ym-]-I-{]-ÿm-\-Øn\mWv Cu KXn-tISv h∂n-cn-°p-∂-Xv.
C∂sØ CS-Xp-]£
- c- m-j{v So-bØ
- nse
sXmgn- e mfnhncp≤ Nn¥m- K Xn
A∂sØ ""25 iX-am-\°
- m¿'' hf¿Ønsb-Sp-ØXmsW∂√ ChnsS hnh-£.
BtKm-fh
- ¬°-cW
- b
- pKw ]nd-∂t- ∏mƒ
AXn-\\
- p-kr-Xa- mb H‰p-Im-cpsS kwLw
CS-Xp-]-£-t\-XrXzw ssI°-em-°ptºmƒ Ah¿°v \n¿_m[w hnl-cn-°p∂-Xn-\p≈ Acßv Hcp-°p-∂X
- n¬ h¿§_- l p- P - \ - k w- L - S - \ - I - f psS ]√pw
\Jhpw an\p-ks
- ∏-Sp-Øn-s°m-Sp-°p-∂Xn¬ CØ-c°
- m¿ hnP-bn®p F∂-Xm-W.v
1973 se ka-ct- ijw \S-tØ-≠n-bncp∂, ]m¿´n t\XrXzw \n¿t±-in® Xpd∂p-Im-Wn-°¬ {]{Inb Poh-\°
- m-cpsS
kwL-S\
- I
- f
- n¬ \S-Øn-bn-cp-∂p-sh-¶n¬
BtKm-f-h¬°-c-W-ap-{Zm-hm-Iy-ßsf
kn ]n FΩnse h¿§-_l
- p-P\
- k
- w-LS-\I
- ƒ Cßs\ sXm≠-sXm-SmsX hngpßp-am-bn-cp-∂n-√. B hna¿i\w icnbmbn \S-Øn-bn-cp-s∂-¶n¬ A∂sØ
25% hmZ-°m-cmb AtX hy‡n-Iƒ
Xß-fpsS IpØn-Øn-cn∏v cmjv{So-bh
- pambn t\Xr-ÿm-\-ß-fn¬ Cßs\
k¿thm¬°¿tjW {]h¿Øn-°p-am-bncp-∂n-√.
(Xp-Sc- pw)

50

t\mh¬

t\mh¬ Ccp-]Øn \mev

tKmep-hns‚
tdUntbm
]d-bmsX hnSp-∂Xv

Fw sI Jcow

H

´p-tJ-Z-tØmsS IhnX ^lZns\ A\p-Ka- n-®p. cm{Xn Hcp-aWn Ign™n-cp-∂p. Bƒ°q´w Hgn™ sXcphv
{`m¥-amb GIm-¥-X°p Iogvs∏-´p.
AXp-Xs∂ `b-s∏-Sp-Øp-∂X
- mbn
Ahƒ Hm¿Øp.
Iºn-°m-ens‚ ad-hntem
hgn-Øn-cn-hntem acWw Hfn™n-cn∏p-≠m-hmw. As√¶n¬ Imaw ap‰nb
IÆp-Iƒ Xs‚

amdn-SØ
- n¬ Xpdn®p t\m°p-∂p-≠mhpw.
ssIsbØpw ZqcØv ac- W - Ø n≥
Imsem-®I
- ƒ...
\me-©p-t]¿ Xßsf hf-

bpI; ^l-Zns\
CSn®p hogvØn Xs∂
_em-’wKw sNøp-I... IhnX
`b-tØmsS Np‰pw ]mfn-t\m-°n.
Ing-hs‚ IpØn-bp≈ Npa B hnP\-Xb
- n¬ Xpf™p Ib-dn. Xß-sf-°qSmsX sXcp-hn¬ as‰m-cmƒ IqSn Pohn®n-cn-°p-∂p.
Abmƒ Bcmhmw? sXcp-hns\
kPo-ha- m-°p∂ IYm-]m-{Xw. temIw Dd2008 sabv 9

ßp-tºmƒ DW¿∂n-cn-°m≥ \ntbm-KnX-\m-bn....
hgn-hn-f°
- n\p Xmsg Dcp-f°
- n-gß
- n\-cnsI sR´n-\n¬°p∂ Fen. AXv
F¥mhpw Hm¿°pI? `mKyw sNbvX
IYm-]m-{Xw. A√-e-dn-bmsX Xn∂p
sImgp-°m-at√m! Fen-s°-Wn-bntem
hnj- Ø ntem IpSp- ß n- b n- s √- ¶ n¬
btYjvSw saXn®p \S-°mw.
a\p- j ys‚ Imcyw Aßs\
A√t√m! Ahs‚ i{Xp Ah-\m-Wv.
ho´n¬ \n∂pw ]pd-s∏-´m¬ Xncn®p
sN√ptam F∂p-d-∏n-√. B∏o v apdnbn¬ Bcms‚ acW k¿´n-^n-°‰v FgpXp-tºmƒ AXp ]q¿Æ-am-Iptam F∂pd-∏n-√.
a\p-jy≥, Dd-∏n-√m-bav b
- psS k¥X
kl-Nm-cn....
^lZv ]oSnI hcm-¥-bn-te°p
t\m°n. Hcp cm{Xn adn-IS- °
- m≥ B Ingh≥ _≤-s∏-Sp-I-bm-Wv. {]`m-X-Ønte°p F{X Npa-Iƒ DXn¿°-Ww...
AXns‚ `mc-Øn¬...
B a\p-jy-tIm-ehpw Hcn-°¬ K¿`]m-{X-Øns‚ im¥n \pI¿∂n-´p-≠.v
Bcp-sStbm aI-\mbn ]nd∂v Pmck-¥X
- n-sb∂p ap{ZWw sNø-s∏´v sXcphn¬ ASn-™X
- m-bn-°qsS? As√-¶n¬
hm¿≤-Iy-Øn¬ ho´n¬ \n∂pw ]Sn-bnd- ° - s ∏- S p- I . Aßs\ Fs¥√mw
km[y-If
- m-Wp-≈X
- .v ..

i¿Ωm-Pn-sb-t]mse Hcmƒ. Imew
hmbn-°msX X≈nb ]gpØ Ce-bpsS
s\mº-cw. At∏mƒ Hcp `mcw Hgn-™Xn-ep≈ Bizm-k-tØmsS PohnXw
Bkz- Z n- ° p∂ a°ƒ. \msf
Ah¿°mbn Imew Hcp°n h®n-cn-°p∂Xv {Iqc-amb as‰mcp cwK-at√!
X¥-sb-X√
- n-bh
- s‚ aI≥ Hcp ]Sn-

51

IqSn apt∂m´p sN√p-∂p.
"\o Fhn-tS°m Fs∂ sIm≠pt]m-Ip-∂Xv?'
IhnX apjn-t∏msS tNmZn-®p.
"\c-I-Øn-te-°v... F¥m t]Snbpt≠m?'
"t]Sn-≠m-bn-´√
- ....'
"]ns∂?!'
AXn-\p-Ø-c-an-√msX Ahƒ Xe
Ipºn-´p.
"Ing-h\v Rms\mcp knK-c‰p sImSp°-s´ Ihn-Xm... A{X-sb-¶nepw Bizmk-am-hs- ´....'
"AXnepw t`Zw Ipd®p ]mjmWw
Ie°n sImSp-°-em-Wv. Aß-s\-sb¶nepw Abmƒ c£-s∏-Sp-at√m!'
"\n∂n¬ P∑n-Ø-Øns‚ Bibw
apg®p ImWmw... D]- t bmKiq\yambhs\ sh´n-am-‰p-I...'
"\n\°p {`m¥m....'
hcmØ Dd-°-Øn-\mbn apjn™
ImØn-cp-∏.v Hcn-°¬ B Ah-ÿb
- n¬
Xm≥ FØn-sb-¶ntem! FSp-°mØ
\mW-bØ
- p-´mbn sXcp-hn¬ ASn-bp-I.
AXn-\mWp IqSp-X¬ km[y-X... Nnet∏mƒ Hm¿°m-sX-b√
- , Xs‚ PohnXw
B ]Sn-bn-te-s°-∂v...
"\osb¥m Hm¿°tW?'
"Hcn-°¬ Rm\pw Ing-h\
- mhpw IhnXm...'
^lZv \niz-kn-®p. Ing-h-\m-hp-I.
\njv{In-b\
- m-hp-I. AXn\pth≠n Bbncp-∂pthm P\n-®Xv? `mhn-bn-te°v A¶em-t∏msS t\m°n. B \nan-jß
- ƒ adnI-St∂ ]‰q....
"Ct∏mƒ Nmμv\n \ap°p ap∂n¬
h∂p s]´m¬ \o F¥p sNøpw?'
IhnX tNmZn-®p.
"Ft¥m...'
As√-¶nepw Nmμv\ns°∂pw ]cmXn- b m- W t√m! tPmen ÿesØ
kv{XoI-fp-ambn Xm≥ CS-]-g-Ip-∂-Xpt]mepw Ahƒ°p kln-°n-√.
Hcn-°¬ Xm\pw Ihn-Xbpw sdtÃmdn‚n-te°p Ib-dp-∂Xp I≠v Fs¥√mw
]pIn-em-bn-cp-∂p. c≠m-gN
v t- bmfw Ahƒ
an≠m-Xn-cp-∂p. HSp°w Xm\-hsf tXSn
sNt√-≠n-h∂
- p.
"B tPmen \n\-°p-th-≠m-^l
- Z- v.'
\ns∂ as‰m- c pØn t\m°p- ∂ Xp
t]mepw F\n°p kln-°n-√...'
"At∏mƒ Rm\pw \obpw XΩnep≈ _‘w Jm≥km-ln_v Adn™m¬... Atß¿°v Fßs\ Xmßm\m-hpw...'
"Ct∏mƒ B hnjbw FSp-Øn-Sp-∂-

2008 sabv 9

sX-¥n-\.v ...'
"A√ Nmμv\o \Ωƒ Abmsf
h©n- ° p- I - b mWv....'
hfhp Xncn-bptºmgpw Ing-hs‚
Npa Atem-k-cs∏-Sp-Øn-sIm-≠ncp-∂p. Abmƒ°p
sImSp-°m≥
FSpØ knK-c‰v
HSn®p Im\-bn¬
Fdn-™p.
"knK- c - ‰ n\p
]Icw Aev ] w
`£Ww sImSp°m≥ D’m-ln-®ncp-s∂-¶n¬,'
IhnX ]d™p:
"tcmKn-bn¬
ho≠pw tcmKw
IpØn \nd-°m≥
temI-Øn\p
F¥p-’m-la- m....'
"Hcp knK-c‰p
sImSp-°p-tºmƒ
\Ωƒ Abmsf
sIb¿ sNøp∂p
F∂p tXm∂pw....
At∏m-gp≈
Abm-fpsS
kt¥m-js
- am∂p
ImtW-≠Xp
Xs∂....'
"Rm\{X
IS∂p Nn¥n-®n-√,
tkmdn....'
"km-ca- n-√.'
IhnX ho≠pw
hm®n¬ t\m°n. AXn¬ t\m°mXn-cn-°m≥ hsø-∂m-bn. kabw
Ft∏mtg `b-s∏-SpØnØpS-ßn-bncp-∂p. ]Xp-s°-bm-sW-¶n¬ t]mepw
Xm≥ \mgn-Ia- W
- n-bpsS Ipcp-°n¬
s]Sp-Ib
- t√!
GXp \in® t\c-ØmWp ]pds∏-Sm≥ tXm∂n-b-Xv. Hm^okn¬
[mcmfw tPmen-bp-≠.v ASpØ BgvN°p≈ ^o®dpw teJ-\-ß-fpw....
tPmen HXp-°m-sa∂p IcpXn UkvInte°p \oßn-b-t∏m-gmWp ^lZv
]d- ™ Xv : "hm s]tÆ \aps°m∂p ]pd-Øp-t]m-Imw...'
"Cu IS-em- p-Iq-ºm-c-an´p
t]mbm¬ \msf F\n°p Xeth-Z\
- b
- m-hpw..'
"\ap°p Ipd®p ip≤-hmbp
hen®p tI‰m-t∂....'

"Ipd®p Znh-tkmbn ImWp-∂p....
Hm^o-kn¬ FØn-bm¬ \n∂p ]pdØp

52

NmS-Ws
- a-t∂-bp-≈q... tZ B s]Æp-ambp≈ Nmßm-Øam Ipg-∏Ø
- n-em-°p-∂Xv...'
Xß-fpsS kmbm” khm-cn°p
IØn-h-®Xpw Ah-fm-Wt√m! IhnX
Hm¿Øp. B \SØw Hcp kpJ-am-Wv.
Ipd®p Zqcw sN∂p k¿Zm¿Pn-bpsS ISbn¬ \n∂pw N∏m-Ønbpw Nn°≥ Ipdabpw Ign-°p-I. Ah\p th≠n Abmƒ
{]tXyIw hnf-ºp∂ \mS≥ aZy-hpw.
]mep-Ip-Sn-°p∂ emL-ht- ØmsSbt√
Ah\m Nph∂ ]m\obw hen®p tI‰pI.
AXp-Im-Wp-tºmƒ X\n °psamcp
sImXn, B cpNn-sbm∂p Adn-s™-¶ntem....
Xf¿®- t bmsS Iºn- ° m- e n¬
]nSn®p IhnX \n∂p:
"F¥p ]mhw sNbvXn´m Cß s\
in£ A\p-`h
- n-°p-∂Xv?'
\S∂p t\cw shfp-∏n-°p-∂-Xns‚
kpJw \n\-°d- n-bn√ Ihn-Xm....'
"AXp henb B\- I m- c y- a t√!
F\n°p InS-°W
- w.'
"AXn-s\-¥m.... ]oSnI Xn Æ Imenbmbn InS-∏p-≠t√m! Hcp cm{Xn-sb¶nepw sImXpIp ISn-tb‰v sX≠n-bpsS
PohnXw A\p-`-hn°v s]tÆ... AXpsIm≠p KpWta In´q. th tWm-¶n¬
\n\-s°mcp bm{Xmhnh-cWw ]S®p
hnSmw... as‰mcp \K-cØ
- n-eqsS as‰mcp
`mj- b n- e qsS Cu cwKsØ
]I¿Ømw...'
"\n\°v Ipsd IqSp-∂p-≠.v shdpsX
Fs‚ \mhp NoØ-bm-°t- √...'
"s]Æn-S-™m¬ t_mdm. AhnsS
tNcn s]Æn-t‚bpw If-IvS¿ s]Ænt‚bpw `mj H∂v... ]c-a-sX-dn... AhnsSbm BWns‚ alXzw... Ah≥
kz¥w \ne-hn´p s]cp-am-dn-√.'
"t]mSm ]´o....'
"ImWm≥ sIm≈m-hp∂ s]Æns‚
sXdn°pw `wKn...'
"^lZv?!'
"H®h®p sX≠ntbw Fentbw
DW¿Ø- ≠ . \mam- b n´v skIypednkØns‚ Igp-Øn¬ IØnhbv°≠... hmSo Fs‚ apdn-bn¬ t]mbn InS°mw....'
Ahn-tS°v ap°m¬ aWn-°q¿ \S°-Ww. B t\cØv B Zqcw A{]m-]yambntØm∂n. Ahs‚IqsS k©-cn-®Xn\p In´nb in£. Ih-eb
- n¬ \n∂pw
CS-tdm-Up-I-S-∂m¬ Ipd®v Ffp∏w
In´pw. I≈-∑m-cp-sSbpw sIme-]m-Xn-Ifp-sSbpw sXcp-hv. Ccp-´p-I-´-Ip-Ønb
\ni-_Zv X
- . IhnX Ah-t\mSp tN¿∂p
\S-∂p.
sX√p-Zqcw sN∂-t∏mƒ Ahsf
2008 sabv 9

sR´n-®p-sIm-s≠mcp Xo´-∏∂n hgn-apdn®p IS-∂p.
"sl‚tΩm?!'
"t]Sn-°≠ s]tÆ; AXp a\pjy
P∑-a√
- .'
"lmhq...' Ahƒ izmk-sa-SpØp
hn´p: "Rm≥ Icp-Xn...'
"cm{Xnsb tXSn Cd-ßn-bX
- m.... \Kc-Øn¬ cm{Xn-bn-√. hgn-hn-f-°ns‚
]I¬.. {Kma-Øn-em-hp-tºmƒ...'
Ahƒ ImtXm¿Øp. lrZ-bØ
- n¬
]Xn™p hoip∂ Ipfn¿°m-‰.v kqcy-Im¥n-∏q-°f
- n¬ cmsØ-fn-ab
- psS Ipf-ºS- nIƒ.
At∏mƒ F¥p-sImt≠m Ipam¿Nmhvesb Hm¿Øp. cm{Xnsb A\p-`-hn°m≥ ]mS-hc- º
- n-eqsS GIm¥ k©mcw. AØmgw t]mepw Ign-°m-sX-bt√
B s]≥tSm¿®p-ambn Cd-ßn-t]m-Ip-I.
Hcn-°¬ Xm≥ tNmZn®p:
"F´≥ Fhn-tS-°m, C{X Xnc-°n´v?'
"F\n°v cm{Xnsb ImW-Ww....'
"F¥p {`m¥m tIƒ°-tW...'
"{`m¥p Xs∂...'
as‰m-cn-°¬ Ahs\ ]n¥p-S¿∂p
sN∂-t∏mƒ I≠-Xv, Ah-s\mcp IpSnen-te°p Ib-dp-∂-Xm-Wv. Ahs‚
ssI]n-Sn®p \n¬°p∂ `{Z. c≠p \ngep-Iƒ XΩn¬ tIm¿Øp...
G´-s\∂ hnπ-h-Im-cn°p Imen-Sdpt∂m? A—s\ t]mse a‰p ktlm-Zc-ßsf t]mse IpSn-bms‚ s]Æns\
Iman-°p-I... B s]¨In-Sm-߃ Imaw
Xo¿°m-\p≈ b{¥-߃...
"F¥m G´m AXv?'
"as‰m-∂pw tNmZn-°≠
- ... kw`hn-®pt]m-bn... C\n `{Z-bn-√msX Pohn-°m≥
hø...'
"A—- \ - d n- ™ m¬ F¥m- ≠ m- h tW∂v Adn-bm-tem.....'
"Rßsf sIm√pw. hcp∂sX¥pw
t\cn-Smw. \mdp∂ P∑n-Øw...' Ah≥
Ccp-´n-te°p Imdn-Øp-∏n.
kz¿§o- b - X - b psS IW- ¶ men¬
ISn® Nße IÆn-Iƒ. {hW-Øns‚
Ad-∏p-f-hm-°p∂ Xpdn®p t\m°v.
\nXyhpw Ne-Øn¬ sImºp-tIm¿°m≥
FØnb aWn-b\
- o-®I
- ƒ...
G´≥ s]mXp-i{- Xp. G´s\ At\zjn-®h
- t- cmSv A—≥ ]d™p:
"hnπhw aSpØv Imjmbw [cn®p
Fhn-tSt°m t]mbn. c≠m-bmepw IpSpw_-Øn\p KpWw√mØ-h≥...'
Bg-°n-W-‰n¬ NØp-s]m-¥nb
`{Z....
Xm\m hnhcw G´ s‚ ImXn¬

FØn-®n-√. B Zpc¥w Adn-b-cp-Xv.
Ahƒ h√-bn-SØpw Pohn-°p-∂X
- mbn
Icp-Xs- ´...
"Fs‚ Ip´n-°m-esØ GIm-¥-XIƒ...' ^lZv ]d-™p.
IhnX ImtXm¿Øp. Ccp- ´ n¬
£W-Øn-semcp Iºn-Øn-cn-Xn-f°
- w...
"_mhp¬ KoX-Øn¬ hb¬ apdn®p
IS∂ s]¨Ip-´n. Ic™ \nem-hn≥
Ab™ sRmdn-hn¬ km{μ-am-bn...'
"Ahƒ _k-¥n-bt√?'
"av...'
"Ah-fp-≠m-sb-¶n¬ \obn-ßs\
hj- f m- h n- √ m- b n- c p- ∂ p. Bscms°
h∂mepw Ah-tfm-sSm-°ptam! Ahfm
\ns‚ Xmfw...'
"Im¿ta-L°
- q-´n¬ hnßp∂ Xp≈n.
s]øm-Xn-cn-°p-tºmƒ Nmhp∂ thZ-\.
H∂p \ne-hn-fn-°m-\m-sb¶n¬...'
"Hs° \ns‚ sX‰v; \ob-hsf If™p...'
"Ah-fn∂v Fhn-sS-bmWv? ]≠sØ
In\m-hnse t]mse GsX-¶nepw Bip]-{Xn-bn¬ tUmIvS-dm-bn... As√-¶n¬
Ata-cn-°b
- n¬....'
X\n-°h
- sf ImWmw. A∂p kΩm\n® B Nph∂ Xqen-I-bn-eqsS hmI∏q-°f
- n-eq-sS...
XWpØ Im‰n¬ sImgpØ ]mfØns‚ Nqcv. ]em-b\
- Ø
- ns‚ NX™
s\Sp-ho¿∏v. Zqtc°v t\m°p-tºmƒ
]mfw ImWn-√. Xnf-ßp∂ hc-Iƒ... H‰s∏-Se
- ns‚ hyY-Iƒ...
\nc-Øns‚ FSp-∏n¬ thgv®-s∏´
]´n-Iƒ Akz-ÿX ]I¿∂p. IhnX
B ImgvNb
- n-te°p \n∂p t]mbn.
"\S°v s]tÆ, Fs¥- ¶ nepw
I≠m¬ hmbpw s]mfn®p \nt∂m-fpw....'
"j´∏v?!'
"Rm≥ ]d-™t- ∏mƒ \n\°v A«oe-am-bn....'
XpS¿ \S-Ø°v \√ `mcw A\p-`h
- s∏-´p. Hcn-W°
- p-th-≠n-bp≈ Zml-at√!
Ah-ƒ ^l-Zns\ Hfn-¶Æ
- n-´p-t\m-°n...
Ipcn-In-cp-t∏msS Xpd-∂-hm-Xn¬.
AIØv Ft¥m hoWp-Sb
- p∂ i_vZw.
"lmhq...' Ihn-X-sR´n Ah-\n¬
Nm™p.
"t]Sn-°≠
- , Fen-bm...'
s\©n¬ apdp-In-b-`m-cw. Ahsf
AS¿Øn am‰m≥ aSn®p Ah≥ \n∂p.
Xmfw sIm´n t]mIp∂ Xoh-≠nbn¬ \jvSs
- ∏´ AW-∏p-Iƒ...
(XpS-cpw)

53

22
AwKo-Ic- n-°mØ aX cmjv{Sob ]m¿´nIsf \ntcm-[n-°msX C¥y aX-\n-ct- ]£-am-hp-I-bn-√. CXv F√m aX ˛
cmjv{Sob kwL-S-\Iƒ°pw _m[-Ias{X!
(F^v) A‘-hn-izm-k-ß-fp-sS,
Aim-k{v Xob BNmcm-\p-jTv m-\ß
- f
- psS
Xo{hX C…m-anepw H´pw Ipd-h√
- . ]c∂
`qanbpw Ifn-a¨kr-jvSn-bmb a\pjy\pw
`qI-߃ krjvSn-°p∂
A¿X¿
knº¢m¿°v
ssZhhpw Jp¿-B-\nI {]am-W-ßfs{X! th≠ coXn-bnepw tXmXnepw
imkv{X-t_m-[\w \S-ØmsX Cu
tcmK-߃°v ]cn-lmcw ImWm-\m-hn-√.
{InkvXy≥ aX-au-en-Ih
- m-Zw
(F) shfpØ tfml-Iƒ°p-≈nse
Icn-¶p-cß
- p-If
- psS {Iqc-kw-lm-cw ]e-Xe-Ønepw ]e-L´- Ø
- nepw kpXm-cy-amb
hkvXp-Xb
- m-Wv. em]vtSm∏v \jvSs
- ∏´
kw`-hØ
- n¬ Bfl-lX
- y-sNbvX kpan
Cu cwKsØ AXym-[p-\nI c‡-km£n-bt{X!
(_n) ssewKnI ]oUn-Xc- mb _nj∏p-amcpw ]ptcm-ln-Xcpw ImcWw ItØmen-°m-k` Hcp tImSn _ney≥ tUmf¿
\jvS-]-cn-lmcw (4500 tImSn cq]-tbmfw) \¬tI-≠n-h-∂p. Ata-cn-°-bn-seØnb t]m∏v C°mcyØn¬ ]c-kyambn A[n-t£-]n-°p-Ib
- p-≠m-bn. 1000
Øne-[nIw CØcw tIkp-Iƒ tImSXn-If
- n-ep-≠.v 1.06 _ney¨ tUmf¿ 1950
apX¬ \¬In-°g- n™p (12.06.05 lnμp)

2008 sabv 9

(kn) ]nim-Np-_m-[ Btcm-]n-°s∏´ Hcp I\ym-k{v Xosb dqam-\n-bb
- n¬
Ipcnin¬ Xd®p sIm∂p. ]nimNv _m[
at\m-tcm-K-am-sW∂v Xncn®dnbmØ
at\m-tcm-Kn-Iƒ {InkvXym-\n-If
- n-te-sdbp-s≠∂v hy‡w. (20-˛06-˛05 tZim-`n-am\n)
(Un) Ip‰-hm-fn-I-fmb 63 tIc-fob
{InkvXob ]ptcm-ln-X-cmb Ip‰-hm-fnIsf C¥ym-hn-j≥ Ign-™h
- ¿jw Xpd∂p-Im-´p-I-bp-≠m-bn. ]n∂o-S-h-cpsS
kwJy 93 BsW∂pw hy‡-am-°n.
_em¬kw-Kw, sIme-]m-X-Iw, Ifhv
XpS-ßnb Ip‰-߃°v Ch-cpsS t]cn¬
hnhn[ t]meokv tÃj-\p-If
- n¬ tIkpIƒ cPn-ÿ sNbvXn-´p≠v. ""\nco-izcXzw _m[n-°m-Øh
- cpw aZy-]m\w Adnbm-Ø-h-cp-''amb ]ptcm-ln-X-a-lm-∑mcpsS Bflob A[x-]X
- \w I≠n-s√∂v
\Sn- ° p∂ ]Δ- Ø n¬am- c pw, XmgØn¬amcpw F{X henb A[x-]-X\°p≠nemWp≈-sX∂v a\- n-em°m≥ Ign-bp-∂n-√.
(C) kp\m-an-bpsS t]cn¬ hntZ-i]Ww hmßn 100 tImSn-cq] ^mZ¿
tXmakv tImt®cn X´n∏v \S-Øn-bXmbn I\ymkv{Xo knkn-en-πm-tØm´w
sXfn-hp-Iƒ klnXw ]{X-k-tΩ-f-\Øn¬ hy‡- a m- ° n. ^mZ¿,
s\X¿em‚ k
v nse s¢a‚ k
v v sh\Ivkv
F∂ ÿm]-\h
- p-ambn ]W-an-S]
- mSv \SØn-bX
- mbmWv tcJIƒ s]mXp-^≠v
I°p∂hsc Iømaw sh∏n-°m-\p≈
{iaw \S-Øm≥ Acm-j{v Sob tIc-fØ
- n\m-hn√!
(F^v)
""tIcfw
_wKmfm-Im-ØXv ss{IkvXh-km-∂n≤yw aqe-am-sW''∂v
Xriq¿ AXn-cq-]X
- b
- psS CSb-te-J\w sXcy-s∏-Sp-Øp∂p. Hdo-kb
- n¬ {InkvXym-\nIƒs°Xnsc kwLSnXz
lnμpXz B{I-aWw \S-∂X
- ,v
C¥y- b n¬ {InkvXob
km∂n≤yw \mam-ht- i-ja- mb-Xp-sIm-≠mtWm?
(Pn) ""hnizm-kn-Iƒ kn
]n Fw hnS-W-''sa-∂mWv
C‚¿ N¿®v Iu¨knens‚
Blzm-\w. _nj∏v ]Δ-Ønem- W - X ns‚ sNb¿am≥.
Blzm-\{- ]-Imcw Hcp hnizmknbpw kn ]n Fw hn´-Xmbn
hm¿Ø I≠n-√.
]m›m-Xy-cm-j{v S-ßf
- n¬
{InkvXob ]≈n-Iƒ ]m∏-cm-

Ip-∂Xpw AS-®p-]q-´p-∂Xpw kmaq-ln-Itk- h \tI{μ- ß - f m°n am‰p- ∂ Xpw
hnev°p-∂Xpw hm¿Ø-If
- n¬ hcp-∂Xv
_nj-∏p-am¿ hmbn-°-Ww. bqtdm∏pw
em‰n≥ Ata- c n- ° bpw Nph- ° p∂
hm¿Øbpw Ah¿ hmbnt® Xocq! AhnsS-sbms° {InkvXym-\n-Iƒ Xs∂bmWv sNs¶m-Sn°v Iogn¬ AWn-\n-c°p-∂X
- v. IÆ-S®
- n-cp-´m-°n-bm¬ ]I¬
cm{Xn-bm-hn-s√∂ hnhcw t]mepw _nj∏p-am¿°n-s√-∂pt≠m?
""aq∂v ]Xn-‰m≠v '' Imew ]ptcm-lnX-hr-Øn-bn¬ XpS¿∂v _nj∏p hsc
Bb s^¿\m≥tUm eyqtKm, ]mc-Kzmbn¬ {]kn-U≠
- mbn sXc-s™-Sp-°s- ∏´p. hntam-N\
- s- sZ-hi
- mkv{Xw Im´nb CSXp-]-£-am¿§-Øn¬, _nj-∏p-ÿm\w
Hgn-hm°n cmjv{Sob am¿§w kzoI-cn-°pI-bmWv eyqtKm sNbvXX
- v. P\-Zp-cnXw
Zqco-I-cn-°m≥ tfml ]cym-]vX-a-s√∂mWv At±lw sXfn-bn-®Xv! hnizm-knIƒ, Pohn-X-c-£bv°v CS-Xp-]-£-cmjv{So-bI
- £
- n-If
- n¬ tNc-Ws- a-∂m-Wn-Xn\¿∞w! tIc-fob hnizm-kn-If
- n¬ Cu
Ah-t_m[w hf-cp-∂Xv XS-bm-\mWv
aXm-[n-]X
- y-t\-Xm-°f
- psS {iaw. Acmjv{Sobhev°c- Ww AXn-\p≈ aXm-bp[-as{X.
(F®v)kzm{ib \nb-aØ
- n-s\-Xnsc
Bbp-[-sa-Sp-°m-\mWv Hcp ]mXncn
Blzm-\w \¬Inb-Xv. {InkvXp-hns‚
im¥nktμiw, Bbp-[-{]-tbm-K-am°p∂ ]utcm-lnXyw aX-Øn-∂]
- a- m-\am-W.v
(sF)-{In-kvXob k` AXn-`o-I-camb hnizm-k-Ø-I¿®-bn-em-Wn-∂v.
temI-Øn¬ Hscm‰ {InkvXob aX-cmjv { S- t a- b p- ≈ q. Hcp ]©m- b Øv
hm¿Uns‚ hen-∏a- p≈ hØn-°m-\m-WXv. as‰√m {InkvXob cmjv{S-ßfpw aX\n-ct- ]-£c- m-j{v S-ßf
- m-W.v A`b sImet°-kS- °w 16 I\ym-kv{Xo-Iƒ sIm√s∏-´n-´p-≠v tIc-fØ
- n¬! CXn¬]cw Hcp
[m¿Ωn-Im[x-]X
- \w thsd-bpt≠m?
hnizm-k-Øns‚ t]cn¬ ]mh-ßfn¬ \n∂-S°w ]Whpw kzØpw hmcn°q-´n Ac-a\
- I
- f
- n¬ hncm-Pn-°p∂ _nj∏p-am¿ {InkvXob P\-km-am-\yØns‚
bYm¿∞-i{- Xp-°f
- m-sW∂v taep-≤c- n®
kw`-h-߃ hy‡-am-°p-∂p. ]d-bms\{X _m°n InS-°p∂p!. Cu hnizmk-X-I¿® krjvSn® hn{`m-¥n-bn¬
{InkvXob ]ptcm-ln-X¿ ]n®pw t]bpw
]d-bp-Ib
- mWv! Cu hkvXp-XI
- ƒ Xpd∂p-Im-´m-≥, {InkvXym-\n-Isf c£n°m≥ \thm-∞m-\-{]-ÿm-\-Øn-\m-h-

54

Ww. CS-Xp-]-£-cm-jv{Sobw C°m-cyØn¬ X{¥-]c- a- mb \njv{In-bX
- b
- mWv
]pe¿Øn-bXv! h¿§-ka- c- X
- {- ¥-߃°v
hnt[-ba- mb aX-˛P
- m-Xn-˛h
- ¿§ob hncp-≤k-acw P\-]n-¥pW Iq´p-sa-∂mWv
t\∏m-fnse IΩyq-WnÃv {]ÿm-\-ßfpsS apt∂‰w sXfn-bn-°p-∂X
- .v
aXw a\p-jy\mh-iy-an√!
(F) `£Ww \¬Im≥ aX-Øn-\mhn√, {]m¿∞-\I
- ƒ°pw Ignbn-√. ]´nWn- ° m¿°v ZmlPew t]mepw
sImSpØ ssZh-ßf
- p-an-√.
(_n) hkv{Xw \¬Im≥ aX-Øn-\mhn√; kmt¶-Xn-Ii
- m-k{v X-hn-Im-ka- mWv
B[p-\nI hkv{X-e-`y-X°v Imc-Ww.
tZh-tem-I-Øn¬ s\bvXp-im-e-I-fn-√.
ssZhw t]mepw \·-\m-sW-∂¿∞w.
(kn) ]m¿∏nSw \¬Im≥ aX-Øn-\mhn-√. `qIºw \S∂v hoSv XI¿∂-hsc
klm-bn-°m≥ KpP-dm-Øn¬ kwL-]cn-hm-dn\v \qdv tImSn-bn-e[
- nIw cq] In´n.
AXmWv KpP-dmØv Iem-]Ø
- n-\p-]t- bmKn-®X
- s{X!
(Un) Btcm-Ky-c-£bv°v aXw
2008 sabv 9

th≠. acp∂pw \√ `£-Whpw aXn.
imkv{X-km-t¶-Xn-Ih
- n-Imkw C°mcyw
Dd-∏m-°n-bn´p≠v?
(C) [m¿Ωn-IX ]pe¿Øm≥ aXw
th≠, [m¿Ωn-I-\n-b-a-߃ cq]-s∏-Sp∂Xv kmaq--ln-Im-hi
- y-ßf
- n¬ \n∂mWv
˛ aX-Øn¬ \n∂√ aX-{K-Ÿ-ß-fnse
\nb-aw, Ah cq]-s∏´ ImesØ \nba-am-W.v AXp-sIm-≠mWv " P\-Iob P\m[n-]X
- y-k¶
- ev]w'' Hcp aX-Ønepw C√mXm-bXv!
(F^v) ]c-tem-Ihpw kz¿§-\cIßfp-amWv aX-ß-fpsS alm-hmKvZm\w! ac-Wm-\-¥-cta Ah In´q.
AXn\v th≠n Cu P∑w ]mgm-°Wtam?
""`qan-bn¬ kz¿§w ]Wn-bp-∂-Xn\p≈ sFIy-ap-∂W
- n-°mWv sXmgn-emfn-Iƒ
- ap≥I-sø-Sp-t°-≠X
- v. ]c-tem-Ikz¿§w t\Sm-\p≈ sFIy-ap-∂Wn acWm-¥cw aXn'' F∂ am¿Ivknkv‰v Bib-amWv am\-hn-Ihpw {]mtbm-Kn-Ih
- pw.
Bflmhv ip≤ A‘-hn-izm-ka- m-W.v
P\-\-th-fbn¬ Bflmhv ico-c-Øn¬

IS-°p-∂n-√. ac-W-th-f-bn¬ ]pd-Øpt]m-Ip-∂p-an-√. ImcWw amXr-˛]
- n-Xr-Poh-tIm-iß
- ƒ Poh-t\msS K¿`m-ib
- Ø
- nseØn hn`-Pn®v Poh-t\msSbmWv
P\\w \S-°p-∂-Xv. AXn-en-S°v Cu
ssPh-]-Zm¿∞-Øn\v Poh-\n-√mØ
Ah-ÿb
- n√ Xs∂! AXm-bX
- ,v Poh≥
e`n-°m≥ Hcm-flmhv htc-≠X
- n√ F∂Xm-Wv hkvXpX. aX-{K-Ÿ-ß-fn¬
Bh¿Øn®v ]d-™m¬ am{Xw Hcp-If
- hv, kXy-am-In-√t- √m.
Bflm-hn-s√-¶n¬ ]c-tem-I-{]m]vXn°v tXmWn-bn-√m-Xmbn! kz¿§-\c
- I-߃ anYy-am-{Xambn.
F∂n´pw aX-Øns‚ t]cn¬ amc-Ihn-izm-k-ßfpw `oI-c-I¿Ω-ßfpw ]ckv]-c-kw-L-´-\-ßfpw \nXy-kw-`-ham°p∂-Xnse \nc¿∞-IX
- F{X \ncmim-P\
- I
- a- m-W.v
(Pn)-Po-hnXw km¿∞-I-am-°m≥
kpJ-Ic- a- m-°m≥ aX-\n-cmkw A\n-hmcy-am-Wv. kº-Øns‚ k¥p-enX hnXcWw hgn Xpey-Xbpw Xpey-kw-c-£Whpw Dd-∏m-°m≥ am¿Ivknk-Øns‚
am¿§-amWv imkv{Xobw.
sshcp-≤ym-[n-jvTnX `uXn-I-hm-ZØns‚ {]]-©h
- o-£Ww hym]n-∏n-°pIbpw B[p-\n-I-im-kv{X-\n-b-a-߃
{]tbm-Kn-°p-Ibpw sNbvXp-sIm≠v
\thm-∞m-\{- ]-ÿm-\sØ ]p\-cp-÷ohn-∏n-°-Ww. AXn-\p-th≠n hym]-Iamb kmwkvIm-cnI sFIy-ap-∂Wn
sI´n-∏S- p-°m-\p≈ I¿Ω-߃ Gs‰-Sp°msX Acm-jv{Sob tIc-fs
- Ø, \hoI-cn-°mt\m cmjv{So-bh
- ¬°-cn-°mt\m
Ign-bn-√. CS-Xp-]£
- ]
- p-tcm-Ka- \
- i
- ‡
- nIƒ Cu ISa Gs‰-SptØ Xocq.
kmwkvIm-cnI sFIy-ap-∂W
- n-bpsS
\thm-∞m\ Bi-b{- ]-Nm-cWw ˛ c≠v
I¿Ω-]-≤-Xn-Iƒ \S-∏m-°m-\p≈ P\Iob kacw hgn-bm-I-Ww. (1) tIc-fØn¬ A‘-hn-izm-k-ßfpw aXm-Nm-cßfpw PmXn ˛ aXm-[n-jvTnX Nqj-Wßfpw XS-bm≥ Hcp \nb-a-\n¿ΩmWw
\S-Øm≥ k¿°m-cns\ \n¿_-‘n°p∂ kml-Ncyw krjvSn-°pI:
2) cmjv{So-b-Øn¬ \n∂v aXsØ
]q¿Æ- a mbpw th¿s]- S p- Ø m- \ p≈
\nbaw AwKo--Ic
- n-∏n-°m≥ tZio-bX
- e
- Øn¬ kΩ¿±w sNep-Øp-I.
Cu {]mtbm-Kn-II¿Ω-]≤
- Xn Gs‰Sp-°m≥ ]pØ≥ \thm-∞m\ Nn¥Icpw bphP-\-ßfpw k∂-≤-cm-bm¬
am{Xta \thm-∞m-\-aq-ey-߃ ]p\xÿm-]n-°m-\m-hq.

55

]w‡n

dnb¬ X√v 2008
t\cn´pw ]mgvk-embpw
A-\y -I-fn-°m-tcm-Sp≈ s]cp-am‰w tami-am-b-Xp-aqew
ªm°v enÃn¬ Ibdn°qSnb Xmc-ß-fmWv {ioim-¥pw, l¿`-P\pw..
kz¥w \m´n¬ Hcp Xam-i-°-fn-bn-ep-≠mb ]cm-a¿iw t]mepw
Bkz-Zn-°m≥ Ign-bmØ Ch-scm-s°-bmWv {In°-‰nse
\msf-bpsS bi-kvXw-`-߃. lukm-‰v....-F∂ ]Z-Øns‚ A¿∞w
Ct∏m-sg-¶nepw {In°‰p t{]an-Iƒ°v t_m[y-s∏-´m¬ \∂m-bn.

dn

bm-en‰n F∂ hm°ns‚ icn°p≈ A¿∞w P\-Øn\p ]nSn-In-´n-bXv
Ign-™-bm-gvN-bm-Wv. Fhn-sS-Xn-cn™mepw dnbm-en-‰n. samss_¬ tam¿®-

2008 sabv 9

dn-bn¬, Ifn-°-f-Øn¬, Ic-W-°p-‰nbn¬, kmam-Pn-Ic
- psS ]¥-bØ
- n¬...."I-∂Ø
- cw ]d-™m¬ sNhn-°p-‰n°p
sImSp-°pI' F∂Xv Hcp \m´p-\S- ∏
- m-W.v

{ioim-¥v

]ø\v H∂v In´n-bX
- n¬ henb sX‰p-ImWm-Øh
- c- mWv tIc-fo-bc- n¬ `qcn-]£
- hpw. AXp-sIm-≠p-Xs∂ ASn-In-´n-bXv
ae-bm-fn-bpsS apJ-Øm-sW∂ tXm∂ep-ap-≠m-bn-√. l¿`-P≥ {ioim-¥ns‚
apJ-aS- ®v X√n-bX
- nepw hen-b- X-√m-bncp∂p Acn tNmZn-°m≥ sN∂ k¿Δ-I£n-ka- n-Xn°v icXv ]hm-dns‚ \mhn¬
\n∂pw In´n-bX
- .v
Acn hne ]cn-l-cn-°m≥ `£ya{¥n Znhm-I¿Pn \¬Inb tImgn-˛]
- m¬
D]-tZ-i-sØ-°mfpw `oI-c-am-bn-cp∂p
]hm¿Pn \¬In-b-Xv. "Acn-sb-¥m,
Fs‚ t]m°-‰n-emtWm' Ft∂ tNmZn®p-≈q...-F≥ kn ]nbpsS bYm¿∞
i‡n F¥m-sW∂v apJy-a{¥n Dƒs∏sSbp≈-h¿°v ]nSn-In-´p-Ibpw sNbvXp.
\´-t∏mgpw ]dn-®-t∏mgpw H∂p-t]mse
Ft∂ Icp-Xn-bp-≈q CXp-hs- c.
{ioim- ¥ n\p In´n- b - X pw, Acn
tNmZn®p sN∂-h¿°p In´n-bX
- pw, Htc
ASn-Xs∂. "]hm¿ ASn@Acnt]mbhgn tUm´v tImw' F∂ hnem-kØ
- n¬
h√
C˛- { ]- X n- t j- [ - Ø n\pw
kvtIm∏pt≠m F∂-t\z-jn-t°-≠n-bn-cn°p-∂p.
ta°∏v c≠n©p I\w Iq´n-bn´mepw C\n ]nSn-®p-\n¬°m≥ {]bm-kam-Ip-sa∂v Znhkw ]Xn-\m-dp-t\cw
IÆmSn t\m°p∂ taml≥em-en-\-dnbmw. sh≈n-Øn-c°v shfn-bn¬ NmSnbmepw Pohn-°W
- at√m F∂ sNdnb
B{Klw am{Xta emen\p≈q... A®m¿
apX¬ kmºm¿ s]mSn-hsc hn‰p-t\m°n...-s]-s´-s∂mcp c£-s∏-S¬ th≠nh-∂m¬ t_WnwKv FkvtI∏v C√yqjt\ hgn-bp-≈q....-A-Xn\p kΩ-Xn°msX as‰mcp km{amPv samss_¬
tam¿®-dn-bn¬ Ib-dn-In-S∂p temIw
Np‰m≥ XpS-ßn. apXp-ImSpw A{X Dds∏m∂pw ]d-bm-Xn-cp-∂t- XmsS emen\p
kwKXn ]nSn-In-´n. ]n≥am-dm-\p≈ AShp-\b
- a- m-bn-cpt∂m as‰mcp aPo-jy-s\sIm≠v em¬ H∏n® amPnIv Ft∂ C\n
Adn-tb-≠X
- p-≈q.
"Bcms‚ samX-en\v Bthmfw
Bin-®m¬ Bdn-sem∂p In´n-tb-°pw.'
F∂p ]dbpw t]mse Bi-sIm-≠pam{Xw ChnsS c£-s∏-S¬ \S-°n-√.
Iøpw Imepw hcn-™p-sI-´n, I®n-bn-en´v
NpSp-∂-XmWv ]cn-]m-Sn...."AΩbpw
km£m¬ AΩbpw Bcm-[-Icpw ]d™Xp sIm≠p-]n≥hm-ßp-∂p' F∂v
em¬. ]co-£W
- Ø
- n-\p-s]mSn-®Xv e£ß-fm-sW∂p tI´p. amPn-°ns‚ {]Nm-

56

taml≥em¬
c-am-bn-cp-∂p-t]mepw e£yw. C\n Cu
]cn- ] m- S n- s Imt≠ ae- b m- f n°p
c£bp≈q...-JP
- \
- mhv \nd-b°
v m\pw, Ip´\mSp sImøm\pw h√ hnZybpw apXpIm-Sns‚ ]°-ept≠m Bthm....
aZy- h n¬∏- \ , ap≠p- h n¬∏- \ ,
kz¿Æ-°-®-h-Sw, kz¥w {_m‚ns‚
Aw_m-k-U¿ ]Z-hn, \mS-Im-`n-\-bw,
kn\na F∂n´pw XnI-bmsX HSn-hnZy
taml≥em-tem, AtXm amPnIv emtem
...-ssh-In-s´¥m ]cn-]m-Sn.
{ioim-¥n\v X√p-In-´nb hm¿Ø
Ah-X-cn-∏n-°m≥ Gjym-s\‰v \yqkv
Nm\¬ C´-t]cv tPmdm-bn. {io "im¥v '
Fs¥ms° _l-fa- m-bn-cp-∂p. Bcm-[I¿ D]-{Z-hn-°p∂p F∂ ]cmXn (A-got°mSp amjv At∂ ]d-™-XmWv
"]ø≥ icn-b√
- ')
Ifn-°f
- Ø
- n¬ s]dp°n ]nt≈-sc°mƒ tami-amb s]cp-am-‰w. IÆp-cp-´¬
CS°v t]cp-am‰n A∏s\ X≈n-°-fbm≥ Hcp {iaw...-_m‰pw t_mfpw sIm≠v
Xpem-`mcw \SØn Kpcp-hm-bq-c-∏s\
{]km-Zn-∏n-®-Xp-Im-cWw C{X-h-scsbms° FØn. AW-∏√v Cf-Intbm
Bthm....-F¶
- n¬ ASp-ØX
- h
- W ]√pIƒ sIm≠v Xpem-`mcw \S-ØW
- w...-A\y -I-fn-°m-tcm-Sp≈ s]cp-am‰w tamiam-b-Xp-aqew ªmIv enÃn¬ Ibdn
IqSnb Xmc-ßf
- mWv {ioim-¥pw, l¿`P\pw.. kz¥w \m´n¬ Hcp Xam-i°
- f
- nbn-ep-≠mb ]cm-a¿iw t]mepw BkzZn-°m≥ Ign-bmØ Ch-scm-s°-bmWv
{In°-‰nse \msf-bpsS bix-kvXw-`߃. lukm-‰v....-F∂ ]Z-Øns‚
2008 sabv 9

A¿∞w Ct∏m-sg-¶nepw {In°‰p t{]anIƒ°v t_m[y-s∏-´m¬ \∂m-bn.
hb-   m- b n, hSn tXmtf- e mbn
F∂n´pw aq∏o∂v AS-ßp-∂n-√...-F∂ a´nemWv Icp-Wm-Ic- ≥. At±-lsØ Xncns®-Sp-ØXv h¿°nwKv IΩn-‰n-bn-te°mtWm hg- ° nwKv IΩn- ‰ n- b n- t e°mtWm? hm¿Ø-bpsS t]cv AXpw
D{K≥ "Iqcm-bW
- \pw hnj-∏√
- pw....' ]-{Xß-fnse t^mt´m ASn-°p-dn-∏nse
Iym®nwKv thUv t]mse-bmWv Ct∏mƒ
hm¿Øm Nm\-ep-Iƒ kw`-hß
- ƒ°pw,
kwhm-Zß
- ƒ°pw t]cn-Sp-∂X
- v. hcm-ept]mse hgp-Xn-t]m-Ip∂ Bcym-S≥ aplΩ-Zns\ t^mWn-eqsS ]nSn-Iq-Snb
\yqkv doU- ¿ hn\p ]d- b n- t °- ≠ sXms° \b-Øn¬ ]d-bn-®p.
"Icp-Wm-Ic- \v hnj-∏√
- p≈ ImeØv
t]Sn-®n-´n-√. ]n∂t√ C∏-gv....'
aZ- b m\ Cf- I n- b m- S p- ∂ - t ]mse
dnthmƒhnwKv sNb-dn-en-cp∂v BSn
Bkz-Zn-®mWv Bcym-S≥ kwkm-cn-°p∂-Xv. "hnj-∏√v 'Al-¶m-c-{]-tbm-K-amsW-∂mWv am[y-a{- ]-h¿Ø-I\
- mb ]n
cmP≥ ]d-bp-∂X
- .v Nm\¬ am‰n C¥ymhn-j-\n-se-Øn-b-t∏m-gmWv Fßs\
D’-h-]-d-ºn¬ B\-bn-S-bp∂p F∂
kwKXn t_m[y-am-bX
- .v GXp KP-tI-kcn-bpsS Bbmepw sImºn¬ Ib-dn-]nSn-°c- p-X.v ]nSn-®m¬ B\ CS-bpw. AtX
CS-®n-em-bn-cp∂p \ntI-jn\p t\¿°v
Bcym-S≥ I
- m-´n-bX
- .v
hnj-∏√v ]cm-a¿iw Bcym-S≥
C¥ym-hn-j\
- nepw Bh¿Øn-®p.
At∏mƒ Icp-Wm-I-c\v icn°pw
hnj-∏√
- p-≠m-bn-cpt∂m? F∂mWv \ntIjn\v Adn-tb-≠X
- .v
Icp-Wm-Ic- \v hnj-∏√
- m-tWm, sh∏p∏-√mtWm D≈-sX∂v Adn-bm-hp-∂Xv
Fw hn cmL-h\
- m-Wv. t]mbn tNmZn°v
F∂v Bcym-S≥ ]d-bp-sa∂p `b-∂p.
ap…nw-eoKv Hcp cmjv{Sob ]m¿´ntb
A√ F∂mtWm Xm¶- f psS A`n{]mbw?
Aß-bpsS A`n-{]m-bs- a¥m? F∂v
Bcym-Ss‚ adp-tNm-Zyw.
Fs‚ A`n-{]m-b-Øn\p {]k-‡nbn√t√m....
"\n߃°p th≠ A`n-{]mbw ]dbp∂ Bf-√t√m Rm≥; \nß-fpsS
Nm\-en-\p-th≠ A`n-{]mbw ]d-bm≥
Fs∂ In´q-em...' F∂p ]d™v BcymS≥ hn´p.
ASpØ thjw F≥ kn ]n F∂
hf¿∂p Npcp-ßp∂ ]m¿´n-bpsS t\Xm-

hmb Fw ]n KwKm-[c- t- ‚-Xm-bn-cp-∂p.
tIm¨{K-kn-t\-°mƒ henb ]m¿´nbt√ Rßfv F∂ tNmZy-tØm-sS-bmbn-cp∂p KwKm-[-cs‚ cwK-{]-th-iw.
t{]£-I¿°v sR´-tem, Xcnt∏m D≠mb-sX-∂d- n-bn-√. "Ipfw Ie-°m≥ Icp-Xn°q´n R߃ Ab-®X
- mWv Icp-Wm-Ic- s\...'
F∂n´p Ipfw Ie-ßntbm? F¥n\mWv F≥ kn ]n Fs∂mcp ]m¿´n
Fs∂m-s°-bmbn \ntI-jns‚ t`Zyw
sNø¬....-Hcp hm¿Øm Ah-Xm-cI
- s‚
kIe Kuc-h-ßfpw \jvS-s∏-Sp-Øns°m-≠p≈ s]cp-am-‰-amWv Ct∏mƒ
\ntI-jns‚ `mK-Øp-\n∂pw D≠m-Ip-∂Xv. kwKXn `K-Øns\tbm A\p-]-asbtbm G¬]n®v Kpcp Aev]w hn{ian-°p-∂-XmWv \√-Xv. hm¿Øm Nm\en¬ \n∂pw t{]£-I¿°v In´p-∂n-s√¶nepw hmN-I-߃ Bthmfw sse\neqsS hcp-∂p-≠.v
taml≥em¬ amPn-°ns‚ {]Nm-cØn-\mbn Xo°-fn-°n-d-ßn-sb-¶n¬,
saUn-°¬ tImtfPv Bip-]{- Xn-bpsS
{]Nm-c-W-Øn-\mbn hoWv ssIIm-epIƒ HSn-®mWv a{¥n-am¿ amXrI Im´n-bXv.
\nb-a-k-`-bpsS kph¿Æ-Pq-_nen
ssIIm-ep-Iƒ HSn®pw Ipg-™p-hoWpw
BtLm-jn-°m≥ a{¥n-am¿ Xøm-dm-bXns\ F{X {]iw-kn-®mepw aXn-bm-In√. a{¥n Fw F t__n j´n¬ Ifn®v
Ipg-™p-ho-Wp. hnZym-`ym-k-h-Ip-∏pt]mse. a{¥n ]n sI {ioaXnbpsS
tXmsf√p s]m´n. HmSn-b-t∏mƒ hoWXm-W.v Btcm-Ky-hI
- p-∏p-t]m-se. t{]a-N{μs‚ Im¬ap-´ns‚ Ipg-Xn-cn-™p. Pehn-Xc- W
- h
- I
- p-∏ns‚ ss]∏p-t]m-se. \S°p-tºmƒ kmcn-bn¬ Nhn-´n-ho-gp∂ ]n
sI {ioa-Xn-bpsS Iøn-emWv tIc-fØns‚ Btcm-Ky-cwKw G¬∏n-®n-cn-°p∂Xv Ft∂m¿°p-tºmƒ P\w \n∂\n¬∏n¬ hoWp-t]m-Ip-∂p. kmam-PnIsc Djm-dm-°m≥ \S-∏p-Nn-In-’b
- psS
DZvLm-S\w apJy-a{¥n \n¿h-ln-®p...
ap≥t] t]mIp∂ hb-dns‚ ]n≥t]
Kan® ap≥a{¥n Ipcp-hnf ImgvN°
- msc
icn°pw PohnXw Fs¥∂p ]Tn-∏n-®p.
\m´n¬ `£y-£m-at- am, Kp≠m-B{- I-aWtam F¥p-\-S-∂m-se¥v kmam-Pn-Icnepw a{¥n-am-cnepw Dd-ßn-°n-S-°p∂
"ImbnI hnt\mZssNX\yw' H∂p-s]mSn-X´- n-sb-Sp-°m-\m-bt- √m...-Ft¥m! a\ n-em-bn-s√t∂m. kvt]mSvkv am≥
kv]ncn-t‰...

57

{]Xn-Ic- Ww

IrjvW-lmkyw ˛
IS-Ω\- n´ IhnX- I- f- n¬
tUm. Sn B¿ cmL-h≥

I

dpØ \¿a-Øns‚ (black
humour) t\¿Ø AScp-Iƒ IS-Ω\
- n´
Ihn-X-I-fn¬ ]te-SØpw {]I-S-am-Wv.
Ah Ihn-bpsS tcmj-߃°v aq¿®
Iq´p-∂p. IrjvWl
- m-kyw, ^e-{]-Za- mbn
IS-Ω\
- n´ {]tbm-Kn-®n-´p-≈Xv aØ-ß,
2008 sabv 9

]pgp-ßnb ap´-Iƒ, B ]ip-°p-´n-bpsS
ac-Ww, Nm°me XpS-ßnb Ihn-XI
- f
- nem-W.v
AkvXn-Xz-Øns‚ \njv^e
- b
- m-{¥nI-X-sb-°p-dn-®p≈ Du¿÷-]q¿Æ-ßfmb hmMvab
- ß
- f
- mWv Cu Ihn-XI
- ƒ.

{]Xn-I-hn-X-bpsS (anti - poetry) F√m
ssien-hn-ti-jß
- fpw AXn-\mbn Ihn
D]-tbm-Kn-°p-∂p. IpØs\ ITm-cnt]mse Xd-bv°p∂ KZyhpw, sFd-WnbpsS Iq¿Ø BWn-I-fpw, A±-lØns‚ Bbp-[i
- m-eb
- n-ep-s≠∂v Cu
Ihn-XI
- ƒ hy‡-am-°p-∂p.
"]pgp-ßnb ap´' F∂ Ihn-Xb
- n¬,
Pohn-XØ
- ns‚ Zpc¥w hn]-coX `mhßfn-eqsS Ihn {]I-Sn-∏n-°p-∂p. ap´-Iƒ
AS-h-bv°m≥ FSp-Ø-t∏mƒ, Ah
Krl-\m-bn-I-tbmSv kwkm-cn-°p-∂p.
Rßsf hncn-bn®v P¥p-°-fm-°-cpsX∂v tIgp-∂p. a\p-jys‚ D—zm-khmbp izkn-°m≥ CS-hc- c- p-sX∂v Ah
B{K-ln-°p-∂p. Ah hncn-™,v Ip™mbm¬ Ah-Isfs®m√n a\p-jy≥ a√-Sn°pw. AXp-sIm≠v ap´ Bhn-bn¬ h®v
]pgpßn hngp-ßm≥ Ah-Iƒ Bh-iys∏-Sp-∂p. ap´-bpsS Zb-\o-bX
- t- bm¿Øv
Krl-\m-bnI ]d-bp-∂p.
"th≠-\n-°n-\n-ap-´b
- S- s
- h®p
hncn-t°≠,
Rm\n-\n-ap-´b
- n-Sp-Ib
- n√'
as‰mcp Nm´p-fn-bmWv "B ]ip-°p´n-bpsS acWw' F∂ Ihn-X. ]ip-°p´n- b psS acWw Akm- [ m- c - W - a - √ .
F¶nepw kz¥w Ip‰n-bn¬Ip-cpßn,
kz¥w Igp-Øn-dp-In, kz¥w ae-aq-{X-ßfn¬ Ipg-™v, kz¥w IÆp-Iƒ Xpdn®mWv NØ-Xv. CØ-cs
- amcp Nmh-en\v
hgn-sX-fn-®Xv hni-∏v, tcmKw, ]cm-[o-\X XpS-ßnb Aaq¿Øm-ibw sIm≠mbn-cn-°W
- s- a∂v Ihn Duln-°p-∂p. lm!
F{X at\m- l - c - a mb Bi- b - ß ƒ!
"Gjy-bnse I∂p-Imen acWw' F∂
hnj-b-sØ- ]pc-kvIcn®v Kth-jWw
\S-Øp-∂h
- ¿°v icn°pw Cu hnjbw
{]tbm-P\
- s
- ∏-Sp-Øm-sa∂v Ihn ]d-bptºmƒ, Kth- j - W - h n- j - b - ß - f psS
s]m≈-Ø-c-ß-fn-te-°mWv IS-Ω-\n´
hnc¬ Nq≠p-∂X
- .v
"Atßse aq∏o∂p NtØmSo?
\Ωfpw t]msbm-∂d- n-tbt≠?
Nm°me sNm√p-hm≥ h∂-h\v
Im∏nbpw Imipw sImSp-tØmSo?'
"Nm°me' sb∂ Ihn-Xb
- nse Cu
hcn-If
- nepw IrjvWl
- mkyw \nd-™p\n-ev°p-∂p. _‘p-P-\-ß-fpsS Nc-aØn¬,. sdUn-sa-bn-Umbn {]I-SamIp∂
Im]Syw ssIap-Xe
- m-°n-bn-´p≈ a\p-jycpsS s]mbvap-Jt- Øbpw H∏w kmaq-lnIm-Nm-cß
- f
- psS A¿∞-iq-\y-Xtbbpw
Cu Ihn-Xb
- n¬ Iq¿Ø-hn-a¿i-\Ø
- n\v
Ihn hnt[-ba- m-°p-∂p.

58

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