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WINTER 2015 EXAMINATION
MODEL ANSWER
Subject: BASIC MATHEMATICS
Subject Code: 17104
Important Instructions to examiners:

The model answer shall be the complete solution for each and every question on the question

paper.

Numerical shall be completely solved in a step by step manner along with step marking.

All alternative solutions shall be offered by the expert along with self-explanatory comments

from the expert.

In case of theoretical answers, the expert has to write the most acceptable answer and offer

comments regarding marking scheme to the assessors.

In should offer the most convincing figures / sketches / circuit diagrams / block diagrams /

flow diagrams and offer comments for step marking to the assessors.

In case of any missing data, the expert shall offer possible assumptions / options and the

ensuing solutions along with comments to the assessors for effective assessment.

In case of questions which are out of the scope of curricular requirement, the expert examiner

shall solve the question and mention the marking scheme in the model answer. However, the experts
are requested to submit their clear cut opinion about the scope of such question in the paper separately
to the coordinator.

Experts shall cross check the DTP of the final draft of the model answer prepared by them.

MAHARASHTRA STATE BOARD OF TECHNICAL EDUCATION


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Model Answers

Marks

Attempt any TEN of the following:

1.
(a)
Ans.

Total
Marks
20

Find missing term , if 3

7 0

11

Let the missing term be x


4
3
11

3 9
2 7 0
4

4 2 x 28 3 3 x 77 9 12 22 0
8 x 112 9 x 231 306 0
17 x 425 0

17 x 425

x 25

-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

(b)

Ans.

3 6 2 3 a b
If

, find a, b, c, d
4 2 2 1 c d
3 6 2 3 a b
4 2 2 1 c d

5 3 a b

2 3 c d
a 5 , b 3 , c 2 , d 3

1
1

-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

c)
Ans.

3 1
1 2
If A
,
B

3 0 find X such that 2 X 3 A 4 B I


2 4

2 X 3 A 4B I
3 1
1 2 1 0
2X 3

3 0 0 1
2 4

9 3 4 8 1 0
2X

6 12 12 0 0 1
5 11 1 0
2X

18 12 0 1
1 0 5 11
2X

0 1 18 12

MAHARASHTRA STATE BOARD OF TECHNICAL EDUCATION


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Model Answers

4 11
2X

18 11
1 4 11
X
2 18 11

1.

Marks

Total
Marks

------------------------------------------------------------------------------------d)
Ans.

2 1
1 0
If A
,B
, find AT BT and AT BT

3 4
3 1
2 3 1 3
AT BT

1 4 0 1
3 6
AT BT

1 3
2
AT BT
1
1
AT BT
1

3 1 3

4 0 1
0
5

-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

(e)

Resolve into the partial fraction

Ans.

1
1

2
x 3 x 2 x x x 1 x 2

1
x 3x 2 2 x
3

1
A
B
C

x x 1 x 2 x x 1 x 2

1 x 1 x 2 A x x 2 B x x 1 C
Put x 0
1 1 2 A
1
2
Put x 1

1 11 B
B 1

Put x 2
1 2 2 1 C
C

1
2

MAHARASHTRA STATE BOARD OF TECHNICAL EDUCATION


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Model Answers

Marks

Total
Marks

1
1
1

2
2
x x 1 x 2 x x 1 x 2

-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------f)
Ans

A
A
Prove that cos A cos 2 sin 2
2
2
A A
cos A cos
2 2
A
A
A
A
cos cos sin sin
2
2
2
2
A
A
cos 2 sin 2
2
2
OR
cos 2 A cos 2 A sin 2 A
A
Replace A by
2
A
A
A
cos 2 cos 2 sin 2
2
2
2
A
A
cos A cos 2 sin 2
2
2

------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

g)
Ans.

Without using calculator find the value of sin750


sin750 sin 450 300
sin 450 cos 300 cos 450 sin 300

1 3 1 1

2 2
22

3 1
2 2

-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

h)
Ans

Without using calculator find the value of cos 3660


cos 3660 cos 3600 60
cos 40 90 60

MAHARASHTRA STATE BOARD OF TECHNICAL EDUCATION


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Model Answers

Marks

cos 60

1.

Total
Marks

1
2

------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

i)
Ans.

Prove that sin A sin A cos A


6
6

sin A sin A
6
6

sin A cos

2 cos A sin
2 cos A

cos A sin

sin A cos

cos A sin

1
2

cos A

OR

sin A sin A
6
6

A 6 A 6
2 cos
2

2 cos A sin


A 6 A 6
sin
2

1
2 cos A
2
cos A

------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

j)
Ans

3 4
Prove that cos sin 1
5 5

3
Put sin 1 A
5
3
sin A
5

cos A

4
5

MAHARASHTRA STATE BOARD OF TECHNICAL EDUCATION


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Model Answers

3 4
cos sin 1
5 5

OR

1.

3
Put sin 1
5
3
sin
5

Total
Marks
2

3
cos 1 sin 1
5
9 16
cos 2 1

25 25
4
cos
5

3 4
cos sin 1
5 5

Marks

-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

k)
Ans.

State the condition of two lines are parallel and perpendicular


to each other.
For parallel lines , m1 m2
For perpendicular lines , m1m2 1

1
1

-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

l)
Ans

Calculte the range from the following data:


Weight in kg : 70, 75, 69, 80, 85, 83, 65, 89, 73, 84, 90
Range Largest Value Smallest value
Range L S 90 65
25

1
1

-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

2.
a)

16

Attempt any FOUR of the following:

Solve the following equations by Cramers Rule:

Ans

5
3

2 ,
x 2 y 1
1
Let
p and
x2
5 p 3q 2
10 p 3q 1

10
3

1
x 2 y 1
1
q
y 1

MAHARASHTRA STATE BOARD OF TECHNICAL EDUCATION


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Model Answers
D

10 3
2

Dp
Dq

1 3
5

10 1

15 30 45

Dp

5 20 15

1
q
y 1
1
1

y 1 3
y 1 3

y2
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Ans

2
3 6 1 6
2 x 1 3 1 x

Find x, y, z if 0
y z 0 1 y 4 0 1 6
4
1 3 2
3
5 6 4 8

1
3 2 x
0
1 2 y

6
4
3 2x 6
2x 3
3
x
2
1 2 y 1
2 y 2

Marks

6 3 9

x3

b)

Total

9 1

D 45 5
D
15 1
q q

D 45 3
1
But
p
x2
1
1

x2 5
x 2 5
p

Marks

6 6 1 6
z 4 0 1 6
8 6 4 8

MAHARASHTRA STATE BOARD OF TECHNICAL EDUCATION


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Model Answers
y 1

2.

Marks

Total
Marks

z46

z 2

-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

c)

Ans

1 3
2 1 0
1 2
If A
, B 3 0 , C
find AB C

3 1
1 3 2

0 1
1 3
2 1 0

AB
3 0

1
3
2

0 1

23 0 6 0 0
AB

1 9 0 3 0 2
5 6
AB

8 1
5 6 1 2
AB C

8 1 3 1
5 18 10 6

8 3 16 1
23 4

5 17

-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

d)

Ans

3 3 4
Find inverse of matrix, 2 3 4
0 1 1
3 3 4
Let A 2 3 4
0 1 1
3 3 4
A 2 3 4
0 1 1
A 3 3 4 3 2 0 4 2 0
3 68
A 1 0
A1 exists

MAHARASHTRA STATE BOARD OF TECHNICAL EDUCATION


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Subject Code: 17104


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Model Answers
3

1
3
Matrix of minors
1

3
3
1 2
1 3
0 4

2.

Page No: 9/33

2 4

0 1

4
1

3 4
0 1

4
4

3 4
2 4

Total
Marks

2 3

0 1
3 3

0 1

3 3
2 3

2
3
3

1 2 2
Matrix of cofactors 1 3 3
0 4 3
1 1 0
Adj.A 2 3 4
2 3 3
A 1

Marks

1
Adj. A
A

1 1 0
1
A 2 3 4
1
2 3 3
1

-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

e)

Ans

x3 1
Resolve into partial fraction 2
x 2x
x2
2
x 2 x x3 1
x3 2 x 2

__________
2 x2 1
2 x2 4 x
+

__________
4 x 1

MAHARASHTRA STATE BOARD OF TECHNICAL EDUCATION


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Model Answers
x3 1
4x 1
x 2 2
2
x 2x
x 2x
4x 1
A
B


x x 2 x x 2

2.

Mark

Total

Marks

4 x 1 x 2 A xB
Put x 0
1 2A
1
A
2
Put x 2
7 2 B
7
B
2

1
7
4x 1

2 2
x x 2 x x 2
1
7
x 1
x 2 2 2
2
x 2x
x x2
3

---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

f)
Ans

Resolve into partial fractions

2x 3
x x 1
2

2x 3
A B
C
2
x x 1 x x
x 1

2 x 3 x x 1 A x 1 B x 2C
Put x 0
3 1 B

B 3
Put x 1

5 C
Put x 1
1 1 1 1 A 1 1 B 1 C
2

1 2 A 2 B C
1 2 A 6 5
10 2 A
A 5

MAHARASHTRA STATE BOARD OF TECHNICAL EDUCATION


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Model Answers

2x 3
5 3
5

2
x x 1 x x
x 1

Marks

Total
Marks

4
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------Attempt any FOUR of the following:

3.
a)

Ans

16

Solve the following equations by using matrix intersection method:


x 3 y 2 z 6 , 3x 2 y 5 z 5 , 2 x 3 y 6 z 7
1 3 2
Let A 3 2 5
2 3 6
A 1 12 15 3 18 10 2 9 4
A 3 24 10

A 31 0
A1 exists
1 3 2
A 3 2 5
2 3 6
2

3
3
Matrix of minors
3

3
2
3
24
19

5
6

3 5
2 6

2
6

1 2
2 6

2
5

1 2
3 5

3 2

2 3
1 3

2 3

1 3
3 2

5
9
1 11
8
2

3 8 5
Matrix of cofactors 24 2
9
19
1 11
3 24 19
Adj.A 8 2
1
5 9 11
A 1

1
Adj. A
A

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Model Answers
3 24 19
1
1
A
8 2
1

31
5 9 11
x
3 24 19 6
1

y
8 2
1 5

31
z
5 9 11 7

3.

x
y
z
x
y
z

18 120 133
1
48 10 7

31
30 45 77
31
1
31

31
62

Marks

-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Ans

Resolve into partial fractions

x
x 1
3

x
x

x 1 x 1 x 2 x 1
3

x
A
Bx C

2
2
x 1 x x 1 x 1 x x 1

x x 2 x 1 A x 1 Bx C
Put x 1
1 3 A
1
A
3
Put x 0

0 1 A 1 C
1
C
3
1
C
3
Put x 1

Marks

x 1
y 1
z 2
x 1, y 1, z 2

b)

Total

MAHARASHTRA STATE BOARD OF TECHNICAL EDUCATION


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Model Answers

Marks

Total
Marks

1 1 A 2 B C

3.

1
2
2B
3
3
1
1 2 B
3
2
2B
3
1
B
3
1

1
1
1
x
x
3

3 32
2
x 1 x x 1 x 1 x x 1

-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

c)
Ans

Resolve into partial fractions,

ex 1
e x 2 e x 3

Put e x m
m 1
A
B

m 2 m 3 m 2 m 3

m 1 m 3 A m 2 B
Put m 2
1 A

Put m 3
2 1 B
B 2

m 1
1
2

m 2 m 3 m 2 m 3

ex 1
1
2
x
x
x
x
e 2 e 3 e 2 e 3

-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

d)
Ans

Prove that sin sin


sin sin cos cos sin
0 cos 1 sin
sin
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

1
2
1

MAHARASHTRA STATE BOARD OF TECHNICAL EDUCATION


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e)

Ans

Winter-2015

Page No: 14/33

Model Answers

Find value of

Marks

sec 2 1350
cos 2400 2sin 9300

sec 2 900 450

cos 2 900 600 2sin 10 900 300

cos ec 2 450

cos 600 2sin 300


2

1
1
2
2
2
4

2
1
1
2

1
4

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Ans

Marks

sec 2 1350
sec 2 1350

cos 2400 2sin 9300 cos 2400 2sin 9300

f)

Total

4
3
27
Prove that cos 1 tan 1 tan 1
5
5
11
4
Let cos 1 A
5
4
5
3
tan A
4
cos A

3
A tan 1
4

4
3
cos 1 tan 1
5
5
3
3
tan 1 tan 1
4
5
3 3

tan 1 4 5
33
1

45

MAHARASHTRA STATE BOARD OF TECHNICAL EDUCATION


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Model Answers
15 12

tan 1 20
20 9
20
27
tan 1
11
OR

Marks

Total
Marks

4
Let cos 1
5
4
5
cos
sec
5
4
2
2
tan sec 1
2

5
1
4
9
tan 2
16
3
tan
4
3
tan 1
4
3
3
tan 1 tan 1
4
5
3 3

tan 1 4 5
1 3 3
45
15 12

tan 1 20
1 9
20

15 12

tan 1 20
20 9
20
27
tan 1
11
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

MAHARASHTRA STATE BOARD OF TECHNICAL EDUCATION


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Model answers

Marks

Attempt any FOUR of the following:

4.
a)

Total
Marks
16

Prove that cos A B cos A cos B sin Asin B

Ans

Right
Angled
Triangle

Acute Angle

OMP

MOP = A

sin A

PM
OM
, cos A
OP
OP

OPQ

POQ = B

sin B

PQ
OP
, cos B
OQ
OQ

PRQ

PQR = A

ONQ

NOQ =
A+B

Trigonometric Ratios

sin A

PR
QR
, cos A
PQ
PQ

sin( A B)

ON
OQ
OM MN

OQ
OM PR

OQ
OM PR

OQ OQ
OM OP PR PQ

OP OQ PQ OQ
c os A cos B sin A sin B.

cos( A B )

QN
ON
, cos( A B)
OQ
OQ

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Model Answers

Marks

OR

4.

Consider a standard unit circle

Total
Marks

Let P,Q,R,S be points such that

S X

XOP A , XOQ B , XOR A B


From fig.
POQ A B
P cos A,sin A , Q cos B,sin B

POQ XOR

R cos A B ,sin A B , S 1,0


Chord PQ Chord RS

cos A cos B sin A sin B


2

cos A cos B sin A sin B

cos A B 1 sin A B 0
2

cos A B 1 sin A B 0
cos 2 A cos 2 B 2cos A cos B sin 2 A sin 2 B 2sin A sin B
2

cos 2 A B 1 2cos A B sin 2 A B

1 1 2 cos A cos B sin A sin B 1 1 2cos A B


cos A cos B sin A sin B cos A B

Replace B by B in above equation


cos A cos B sin A sin B cos A B
cos A cos B sin A sin B cos A B

-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------b)
Ans

Prove that tanA tan 600 A tan 600 A tan 3 A


tanA tan 600 A tan 600 A
tan 600 tan A tan 600 tan A
tan A

0
0
1 tan 60 tan A 1 tan 60 tan A

3 tan A 3 tan A
tan A

1 3 tan A 1 3 tan A

3 tan 2 A
tan A

2
1 3 tan A
3 tan A tan 3 A

1 3 tan 2 A
tan 3 A
OR
tanA tan 600 A tan 600 A

MAHARASHTRA STATE BOARD OF TECHNICAL EDUCATION


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Model Answers

tan A

Marks

Total
Marks

sin 600 A sin 600 A

cos 600 A cos 600 A

sin 600 cos A cos 600 sin A


tan A
cos 600 cos A sin 600 sin A

sin 600 cos A cos 600 sin A


cos 600 cos A sin 60 0 sin A

3
3

1
1
cos A sin A cos A sin A
2
2
2
2

tan A
1

3
1
3
sin A cos A
sin A
cos A
2
2
2
2

1 2
3
2
4 cos A 4 sin A
tan A
3 2
1
2
4 cos A 4 sin A
3cos 2 A sin 2 A
tan A
cos 2 A 3sin 2 A
3 tan 2 A
tan A

2
1 3 tan A

3 tan A tan 3 A
1 3 tan 2 A
tan 3 A

---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

c)

Ans

By using principal value , prove that


1
1
sin 1
2 cos
2

1
1
sin 1
2 cos
2

sin 1

1
3sin 1 4
2
1
1
3sin 1
2

1
1

1
2 cos 1
3sin 1
2
2

2 3
4
4
2

OR
1
1 1
1 1
1
sin 1
cos
cos
3sin 1
2
2
2

1
1
cos 1
3sin 1
2
2

MAHARASHTRA STATE BOARD OF TECHNICAL EDUCATION


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Model Answers

2
4
2
3 3


2 4 2

Marks

Total
Marks

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

d)
Ans

Prove that , (without using calculator) sin 200 sin 400 sin 600 sin 80 0

3
16

sin 200 sin 400 sin 600 sin 80 0


sin 200 sin 400

3
sin 800
2

3
2sin 200 sin 400 sin 800
4
3
cos 200 cos 600 sin 800

4
3
1

cos 200 sin 800

4
2

3
1

cos 200 sin 800 sin 800

4
2

3 1
1

2 cos 200 sin 800 sin 800

4 2
2

3
sin1000 sin 60 sin 800

3
3
0

sin 800
sin 2 90 80
8
2

3
3
0

sin 800
sin 80
8
2

16

---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

e)
Ans

CD CD
Prove that cos C cos D 2sin
sin

2 2
We know that
cos A B cos A B 2sin A sin B
Let A B C
A B D

MAHARASHTRA STATE BOARD OF TECHNICAL EDUCATION


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Page No: 20/33

Model Answers

Marks

2A C D
CD
A
2
CD
B
2

CD CD
cos C cos D 2sin
sin

2 2

Ans

4
12
33
Prove that cos 1 cos 1 cos 1
5
13
65
4
Let cos 1 A
5
4
cos A
5
2
sin A 1 cos 2 A
16
1
25
9

25
3
sin A
5
12
cos 1 B
13
12
cos B
13
2
sin B 1 cos 2 B
144
1
169
25

169
5
sin B
13
cos A B cos A cos B sin A sin B
4 12 3 5

5 13 5 13
48 15

65 65

Marks

-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

f)

Total

MAHARASHTRA STATE BOARD OF TECHNICAL EDUCATION


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Model Answers
33
65
33
A B cos 1
65
cos A B

4
12
33
cos 1 cos 1 cos 1
5
13
65

Page No: 21/33

Marks

OR
4
Let cos 1 A
5
4
cos A
5
3
tan A
4
3
B tan 1
4

3
5
L.H .S . tan 1 tan 1
4
12
3 5
4 12
1
tan
3 5
1

4 12

Marks

OR

4
3
cos 1 tan 1
5
4
12
cos 1 B
13
12
cos B
13
5
tan B
12
5
B tan 1
12
12
5
cos 1 tan 1
13
12

Total

MAHARASHTRA STATE BOARD OF TECHNICAL EDUCATION


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Model Answers

Marks

36 20

L.H .S . tan 1 48
15
1

48

56

tan 1 48
48 15
48
56
tan 1
33
56
Let tan 1 C
33
56
tan C
33
33
cos C
65

4.

33
C cos 1
65
33
R.H .S . cos 1
65

Total
Marks

56

65

33

-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------16

Attempt any FOUR of the following:

5.
a)

Ans

Prove that

sec 4 1 tan 4

sec 2 1 tan

sec 4 1
sec 2 1
1
1
cos
4

1
1
cos 2
cos 2 1 cos 4

cos 4 1 cos 2
2 cos 2 sin 2 2
2 cos 4 sin 2
sin 4 sin 2

2 cos 4 sin 2
2 tan 4 sin cos

2sin 2
tan 4 cot

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Model Answers

Marks

tan 4
tan
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------sin sin 5 sin 9 sin 3
Prove that
cot 4
cos cos 5 cos 9 cos13
sin sin 5 sin 9 sin13
Consider
cos cos 5 cos 9 cos13
sin sin13 sin 5 sin 9

cos cos13 cos 5 cos 9

b)
Ans

13 13
9
2 cos
sin
2 cos
2 2
2

13
13
9
2 cos
cos
2 cos
2
2
2
2 cos 7 sin 6 2 cos 7 sin 2

2 cos 7 cos 6 2 cos 7 cos 2


sin


cos

2 cos 7 sin 6 sin 2

sin 2 sin 6
cos 6 cos 2
2 6 2 6
2 cos
sin

2 2

6 2 6 2
2sin
sin

2 2

cos 4 sin 2 cos 4 sin 2

sin 4 sin 2
sin 4 sin 2
cot 4

-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

c)

Ans

1 x2
Prove that sin x cot
x

1 x2
Consider cot 1
x

Put x sin
1 sin 2
cot 1
sin

cos
cot 1

sin

Marks

2 cos 7 cos 6 cos 2

Total

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Model Answers

Marks

cot 1 cot

5.

sin 1 x
OR

1 x2
Consider cot 1
x

Put x cos

cos 1 x

2
sin 1 x

-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

d)

Prove that distance between two parallel lines ax by c1 0 and


ax by c2 0 is

Ans

c1 c2
A2 B 2

L1 : ax by c1 0
L2 : ax by c2 0

Let P x1, y1 be any point on the line L1

P x1 , y1

ax1 by1 c1 0
ax1 by1 c1

M
O

L2

L1

PM is perpendicular on the line L2

PM

ax1 by1 c2
a 2 b2

cot 1 cot

Marks

1 cos 2
cot 1
cos

sin
cot 1

cos
cot 1 tan

Total

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5.

e)

Winter-2015

Page No: 25/33

Model Answers

PM

c1 c2

PM

c1 c2

Marks

Total
Marks

a 2 b2
a 2 b2

Find equation of lines passing through 12, 4 and whose sum


of the intercept is equal to 10

Ans

Let x intercept is a
y intercept is b
a b 10

Equation of line is,


x y
1
a b
line passing through 12, 4
12 4

1
a 10 a
a 2 26a 120 0

a 20, a 6

b 10, b 4
When a 20, b 10
Equation of line is,
x
y
1
20 10
i.e.x 2 y 20

When a 6, b 4
Equation of line is,
x y
1
6 4
i.e.2 x 3 y 12

f)

If m1 and m 2 are the slope of two lines then prove that angle between two
lines is tan 1

Ans

m1 m2
1 m1m2

Let 1 = Inclination of L1
2 =Inclination of L2
Slope of L1 is m1 tan 1
Slope of L2 is m2 tan 2

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Model Answers

Marks

Total
Marks

5.

from figure,

1 2

tan tan 1 2

tan

tan 1 tan 2
1 tan 1 tan 2
m1 m2
1 m1 m2

Since is acute
tan

m1 m2
1 m1 m2

tan 1

m1 m2
1 m1 m2

----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------Attempt any FOUR of the following:

6.
a)

Prove that the length of perpendicular from the point P x1 , y1 to the


line Ax By C 0 is

Ans

Ax1 By1 C
A2 B 2

X
L: ax+by+c=0

16

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Model Answers

Marks

Total
Marks

C
C
Let Q
, 0 and R 0,

A
B

6.

A PQR

x1

y1

1 C
2 A

C
1
B

2
1
C
C
C
x
0

1
1

1

2
B
A
AB

1 x C y C C2
= 1 1

2 B
A
AB
1 C

Ax1 By1 C
2 AB

d QR

x1 x2 y1 y2
2

C
C


0 0
B
A

2

C2 C2
=

A2 B 2
B 2 C 2 A2 C 2
A2 B 2
C
=
A2 B 2
AB
=

1
A PQR d QR PM
2
1 C

A2 B 2 PM
2 AB
1 C
1 C

A2 B 2 PM
Ax1 By1 C
2 AB
2 AB
PM

Ax1 By1 C
A2 B 2

distance is always positive

-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

b)

Find the length of the perpendicular from the point 2,3 on the line
4x 6 y 3 0
p

Ans
=

ax1 by1 c
a 2 b2
4 2 6 3 3

4 6
2

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Model Answers

p =

Marks

Total
Marks

8 18 3
16 36

13
52
13
=
52
=

13
p=
2

-------------------------------------- ----------------------------------------------------c)

Calculate the mean deviation fror mean for the following data:
Marks

No. of Student

Ans

di xi x

di

f i di

-2.5

2.5

2.5

12

-1.5

1.5

4.5

35

-0.5

0.5

3.5

30

0.5

0.5

2.5

14

1.5

1.5

3
2

Mean x

M.D.

16

20

110

fx

i i

f d
f
i

110
20
x 5.5

2.5

2.5

5
21

21
20
1.05

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d)

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Model Answers

Marks

Total
Marks

Find the standard deviation of the following:

Class

0-20

20-40

40-60

60-80

80-100

Frequency

20

130

220

70

60

Ans
Class
0-20

10

20

200

100

2000

20-40

30

130

3900

900

117000

40-60

50

220

11000

2500

550000

60-80

70

70

4900

4900

343000

80-100

90

60

5400

8100

486000

500

25400

Mean x

fx

S.D.

fx

i i

25400
500
x 50.8

i i

1498000

1498000
2
50.8
500

2996 2580.64
415.36
20.38
OR

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Model Answers

Marks

Total
Marks

6.
di

Class

xi a
h

0-20

10

20

-2

-40

80

20-40

30

130

-1

-130

130

40-60

50

220

60-80

70

70

70

70
2

80-100

90

60

120

500

S .D.

fd
i

2
i

fi di

N

20

240
520

520 20

20
500 500

20.38

----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

e)

Find variance from the following series:

Age under

10

20

30

40

50

60

70

80

No.of person

15

30

53

75

100

110

115

125

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Model Answers
xi 2

Class

Marks

15

75

25

375

10-20

15

15

225

225

3375

20-30

25

23

575

625

14375

30-40

35

22

770

1225

26950

40-50

45

25

1125

2025

50625

50-60

55

10

550

3025

30250

60-70

65

325

4225

21125

70-80

75

10

750

5625

56250

125

4395

S.D.

fx

i i

fx

i i

4395
125
x 35.16

203325

203325
2
35.16
125
1

19.75
OR

Marks

f i xi 2

0-10

Mean x

Total

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Model Answers

Marks

Total
Marks

6.
di

Class

xi a
h

0-10

15

-3

-45

135

10-20

15

15

-2

-30

60

20-30

25

23

-1

-23

23

30-40

35

22

40-50

45

25

25

25

50-60

55

10

20

40

60-70

65

15

45

70-80

75

10

40

16

160

125

fd

S .D.

2
i

fi di

N

488

488 2

10
125 125

=19.75
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

f)

The mean and variance of 5 items are 64 and 68 respectively. If two


more of values 62 and 66 are added to the data, find the new variance
of 7 items.

Ans

Given x 64
Variance 2 68
x

64

1
1

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Model Answers

xi 320

Marks

Total
Marks

New xi xi 62 66
320 62 66
448
New Mean

New xi
n

448
7
64

xi

x
68

64

20820

New xi xi 62 66
2

20820 3844 4356


29020
New variance

New xi

n
29020
2

64
7
49.71

----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Important Note
In the solution of the question paper, wherever possible all the
possible alternative methods of solution are given for the sake of
convenience. Still student may follow a method other than the given
herein. In such case, first see whether the method falls within the scope
of the curriculum, and then only give appropriate marks in accordance
with the scheme of marking.
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