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**Math 1040 Skittles Project Worksheet
**

For your own single 2.17-ounce bag of Skittles, record the numbers in the table below.

Number of

red candies

Number of

orange candies

Number of

yellow candies

Number of

green candies

Number of

purple candies

13

9

13

16

11

**Using the data compiled from the entire class, record the following information:
**

The total number of candies in the sample = _____920_____

Number of

Proportion

red candies

Number of

orange

candies

Number of

yellow

candies

Number of

green candies

Number of

purple candies

197

155

208

179

181

.214

.168

.226

.195

.197

**Throughout this entire project, use decimals rounded to three places
**

for all of your proportions. Do not use percents.

**The total number of candies in your own single 2.17-ounce bag of Skittles = ___62___
**

The total number of bags in the sample collected by the entire class = ____15____

The total number of candies in the sample collected by the entire class = ____920_____

For the entire sample:

**x = ___61.3____ (the mean number of candies per bag rounded to 1 decimal place)
**

s = ____3.67___ (the std. deviation of the number of candies per bag rounded to two decimal places)

**5- number summary: (round to one decimal place where necessary)
**

Min: 6. Max: 25. Q1: 9. Q3: 15. Median: 12.

Fill in the appropriate values on this page and keep it handy as you do your calculations.

**Quick Reference for Confidence Intervals
**

For the interval estimate of the proportion of purple candies:

n = __920___

^p = ___.197__

x = __181___

α = __.1___

For the interval estimate of the mean number of candies in a bag:

x = __61.333___

n = __920___

α = __.1___

**For the interval estimate of the standard deviation of the number of candies in a bag:
**

n = __920___

s = __3.67___

α = __.1___

X 2R = 7.34

X 2L =

7.34

**Quick Reference for Hypothesis Tests
**

For testing the claim that 20% of Skittles are green:

n = __920___

^p = __.195___

x = __179___

H 0 : x = .20

α = __.1___

H 1 : x =/= .20

FAIL TO REJECT--the sample size is small compared to all Skittles, so the numbers are well within the

borders of not rejecting.

**For testing the claim that the mean number of Skittles in a 2.17-oz. bag is 56:
**

n = ___920__

H0 :

x = 56

x = __61.333___

H1 :

x =/= 56

α = __.1___

REJECT--Despite the small size, the standard deviation is large enough to cause much uncertainty. Most

bags seem to be well above 56 as well.

INTRODUCTION

This project is about determining statistical properties of Skittles within bags bought by each

student in the classroom. Students counted their own bags, submitted the data to Canvas, and accessed a

Google Sheet to get data from each student. Data was used comparing the individual’s Skittles to those of

the whole class. For most of the project, we determined such things as average and standard deviation of

the entire class’s sample. We used the data to determine the likelihood of a certain percentage of Skittles

being a particular color. All this math was done with the aid of a calculator for adding up and finding

statistical properties.

DISPLAY SKITTLES DATA

(Class)

These graphs are about what is expected: slightly off twenty percent for each color of candy.

Several of the amounts are similar. There is an understandable difference between the minimum and

maximum, but nothing very big. This doesn’t quite agree with my proportions within my own bag. That

data is shown below.

(Self)

A graph of the distribution for each of these data sets would be bell shaped and roughly symmetrical,

assuming the order of candies was correct. However, since Skittles are not inherently ranked in any way

affecting their production (it doesn’t appear they are made in significantly different proportions, and that

any combination landing in a bag is chance, yet likely to be somewhat evenly distributed), that

distribution would need to be determined while organizing data sets. For these sets, the data is all above,

on the first two pages.

REFLECTION

This assignment taught me how to apply statistics in my life. While it is not likely I will be

finding data sets for candy all that often, I know how I can. This can be useful in ordering party supplies

or other things for groups of people. It is pretty tedious, though, so I would rather just take surveys and

determine roughly how many things to order. It would be nice if the universe followed mathematical

laws closely all the time, but so often other things happen, so the people using statistics are mostly those

polling people for political functions and such. This was a good insight into their procedure in processing

raw data.

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